Today in History - April 3

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33CE        Apr 3, Christ was crucified (according to astronomers Humphreys and Waddington). The date is highly debated. [see Apr 30, 30CE]
    (MC, 4/3/02)

628        Apr 3, In Persia Kavadh sued for peace with the Byzantines. He handed back Armenia, Byzantine Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine and Egypt.
    (HN, 4/3/99)(AP, 4/3/99)
628        Apr 3, Chosroes II, emperor of Persia (579-628), was murdered by his son.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1043        Apr 3, Edward the Confessor was crowned king of England.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1367        Apr 3, Henry Bolingbroke, aka Henry of Lancaster and later Henry IV, King of England (1399-1413), was born in Lincolnshire.
    (MWH, 1994)
1367        Apr 3, John of Gaunt and Edward the Black Prince won the Battle of Najara, in Spain.
    (HN, 4/3/99)

1559        Apr 3, Philip II of Spain and Henry II of France signed the peace of Cateau-Cambresis, ending a long series of wars between the Hapsburg and Valois dynasties.
    (HN, 4/3/99)(www.comune.cumiana.to.it/storia/history.html)

1569        Apr 3, Giovanni Battista Massarengo, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1593        Apr 3, George Herbert (d.1633), English metaphysical poet (5 Mystical Songs), was born. "The best mirror is an old friend."
    (AP, 4/16/98)(MC, 4/3/02)

1603        Apr 3, William Smith, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1649        Apr 3, Joseph-Francois Salomon, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1657        Apr 3, English Lord Protector Cromwell refused the crown.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1679        Apr 3, Edmund Halley met Johannes Hevelius in Danzig.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1680        Apr 3, Shivaji Raje Bhosle (b.1627), warrior king and founder of the Maratha empire of western India, died.
    (Econ, 7/12/08, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shivaji)

1682        Apr 3, Esteban Murillo (b.1617), Spanish painter, died. Some of his mid-century work in Seville portrayed the effects of the Plague that killed 50% of the population in 4 months.
    (WSJ, 4/9/02, p.D19)(MC, 4/3/02)

1751        Apr 3, Jean-Baptiste Lamoyne, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1764        Apr 3, John Abernethy, surgeon, was born in London.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1764        Apr 3, Austrian arch duke Jozef crowned himself Roman Catholic king.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
   
1776        Apr 3, George Washington received an honorary doctor of law degree from Harvard College.
    (AP, 4/3/97)

1783        Apr 3, Washington Irving (d.Nov 28, 1859), essayist, author, historian, biographer, attorney/lawyer, American writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow & Rip Van Winkle), was born in New York City. "No man is so methodical as a complete idler, and none so scrupulous in measuring out his time as he whose time is worth nothing."
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)(HN, 4/3/98)(AP, 9/10/98)

1790        Apr 3, Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard) was created.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1796        Apr 3, The 1st elephant was shipped to the US from Bengal, India, by Broadway showman Jacob Croninshield.
    (SFC, 11/18/00, p.B3)

1822        Apr 3, Edward Everett Hale, American clergyman and author (Man without a Country), was born.
    (HN, 4/3/98)

1823        Apr 3, William Macy "Boss" Tweed, New York City political boss, was born.
    (HN, 4/3/98)

1837        Apr 3, John Burroughs (d.1921), American author and naturalist, was born. “Time does not become sacred to us until we have lived it, until it has passed over us and taken with it a part of ourselves."
    (HN, 4/3/01)(AP, 5/28/98)

1838        Apr 3, Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney, premier (1881-82), was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1838        Apr 3, Francesco Antommarchi (57), Napoleon's physician on St Helena, died.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1841        Apr 3, From Nassau, Bahamas, a British magistrate wrote that 193 shipwrecked African slaves from the ship Trouvadore were found naked on the shores of the East Caicos Island. The slaves were then quarantined in a jail and given food and clothing.
    (AP, 8/21/04)

1842        Apr 3, Hermann Karl Vogel, German astronomer, was born.
    (HN, 4/3/01)

1854        Apr 3, The SF Mint opened at 608 Commercial St. It issued $4 million in gold coins this year. An Indian princess appeared on gold dollars. The mint used equipment previously employed by SF-based Moffatt & Company.
    (SFC, 8/21/01, p.A12)(SSFC, 1/28/03, p.E1)(WSJ, 12/12/03, p.W15)(SFC, 4/2/04, p.F3)(Economist, 9/8/12, p.18)

1856        Apr 3, Gunpowder in church exploded killing 4,000 in Rhodes.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1859        Apr 3, Reginald De Koven, composer (Robin Hood), was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1860        Apr 3, The US Pony Express mail system began when one horse and rider carrying a bulging mail pouch began the 10 1/2-day run from San Francisco, Calif., to St. Joseph, Mo. Riders left St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, Ca., at the same time. They averaged 12 mph over 75-100 mile segments between 153 (190) change stations. The freight company of Russell, Majors and Waddell began the service. The enterprise failed after only 18 months, however, due to mounting financial losses and competition from the ever-expanding telegraph network. Donald C. Biggs (d.2000 at 72), prof. of history at SF State, later authored "The Pony Express: Creation of the Legend."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pony_Express)(SFC, 2/15/97, p.D4)(AP, 4/3/97)(SFC, 6/12/00, p.A24)

1862        Apr 3, A bill was passed to abolish slavery in Washington, D.C. [see Apr 16]
    (HN, 4/3/98)

1865        Apr 3, Union forces captured the Confederate capital of Richmond, Va.
    (HFA, '96, p.28)(AP, 4/3/97)(HN, 4/3/98)
1865        Apr 3, Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign).
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1868        Apr 3, An earthquake estimated at magnitude 7.9 hit the Big Island of Hawaii. 46 people were killed in the resulting tsunami at Keauhou and 31 died in a landslide at Kapapala.
    (http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/states/events/1868_04_03.php)
1868        Apr 3, Franz Adolf Berwald (71), Swedish composer, died.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1874        Apr 3, Eduardo Sanchez de Fuentes, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1882        Apr 3, Wood block alarm was invented. When alarm rang it dropped 20 wood blocks.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1882        Apr 3, Outlaw Jesse James (34) was shot in the back and killed at his home in St. Joseph, Mo., by Robert Ford, a cousin and member of his own gang for a $5,000 reward. Jesse and Frank James, the bank robbing James brothers, were born as Woodson and Alexander. In 1995 the body of Jesse James was exhumed for DNA testing. The test proved that it was James, who was killed in 1882. In 2000 Desmond Barry authored the novel “The Chivalry of Crime" based on the story of Jesse James. In 2000 the body of a man, J. Frank Dalton (d.1951), who claimed to be Jesse James was exhumed for DNA analysis.
    (AP, 4/3/97)(SFC,12/26/97, p.C22)(SFEC, 4/23/00, BR p.5)(SFC, 5/31/00, p.A4)(HNQ, 6/21/00)(HN, 4/3/02)

1885        Apr 3, Harry St. John Philby, [sheik Abdullah], British explorer, was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1888        Apr 3, Gertrude Bridget "Ma" Rainey, American singer, "the mother of the blues," was born. [see Apr 26, 1886]
    (HN, 4/3/01)

1893        Apr 3, Leslie Howard, [Stainer], actor (Gone With the Wind), was born in London.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1895        Apr 3, Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco, composer, was born in Firenze (Florence), Italy.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1897        Apr 3, The Vienna Secession was founded by artists Gustav Klimt, Koloman Moser, Josef Hoffmann, Joseph Maria Olbrich, Max Kurzweil, and others. Although Otto Wagner is widely recognized as a fundamental member of the Vienna Secession he was not a founding member.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vienna_Secession)
1897        Apr 3,    Johannes Brahms (63), German composer, conductor (Hungarian Dances), died.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, p.B11)(MC, 4/3/02)

1898        Apr 3, Henry R. Luce (d.1967), magazine publisher, founder of Time, Fortune and Life, was born. “Show me a man who claims he is objective and I’ll show you a man with illusions."
    (HN, 4/3/01)(AP, 3/9/98)

1901        Apr 3, Richard D'Oyly Carte, promoter (Gilbert & Sullivan operas), died.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1904        Apr 3, Iron Eyes Cody, actor (Black Gold, Ernest Goes to Camp), was born in Tulsa, OK.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1910        Apr 3, Alaska's Mt. McKinley, the highest mountain in North America, was climbed.
    (HN, 4/3/98)

1911        Apr 3, The US Supreme Court ruled against Dr. Miles Medical Co., which had sued a distributor for selling at cut rate prices. In 1937 Congress passed the Free Trade Law letting states selectively allow price fixing to protect small retailers.
    (http://supreme.justia.com/us/220/373/)(WSJ, 8/18/08, p.A12)

1913        Apr 3, British suffragette Emily Pankhurst was sentenced to 3 years in jail.
    (http://suffragettes.nls.uk/media/28977/project_1_4_1.pdf)

1915        Apr 3, Paul Touvier, war criminal, was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1916        Apr 3, Herb Caen (d.1997), columnist (SF Chronicle), was born in Sacramento, Calif.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1917        Apr 3, Lenin left Switzerland for Petrograd.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1918        Apr 3, Sixten Ehrling, conductor (Royal Opera of Stockholm), was born in Malmo, Sweden.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1918        Apr 3, French Gen. Ferdinand Foch (1851-1929) was named the supreme commander of the Allied Forces.
    {France, WWI}
    (www.firstworldwar.com/source/foch_order.htm)

1919        Apr 3, Austria expelled all Habsburgs.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1920        Apr 3, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre were married at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City.
    (HN, 4/3/02)

1922        Apr 3, Stalin was appointed General Secretary of Communist Party.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1924        Apr 3, Marlon Brando, actor (On the Waterfront, The Godfather), was born in Omaha, Neb.
    (HN, 4/3/01)(MC, 4/3/02)
1924        Apr 3, Murray Dickie, opera singer, director, was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1924        Apr 3, Doris Von Kappelhoff [Doris Day], American singer and actress, was born in Cincinnati, Oh.
    (HN, 4/3/01)(MC, 4/3/02)

1925        Apr 3, Tony Benn, British minister of technology (1968), was born.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1926        Apr 3, Virgil Grissom (d.1967), Lt. Col. USAF, astronaut (Mercury 4, Gemini 3), was born in Mitchell, Ind. He was the Mercury and Gemini astronaut who was killed in a fire while preparing for the first Apollo flight.
    http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/Apollo204/grissom.html
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1926        Apr 3, 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 7th Symphony in C.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1926        Apr 3, Robert Goddard launched his 2nd flight of a liquid-fueled rocket.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1926        Apr 3, Italy established corps of force in order to break powerful unions.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1930        Apr 3, The first of two Academy Awards banquets this year was held in Los Angeles at the Fiesta Room of the Ambassador Hotel. The awards were given for films released between 2 August 1928 and 31 July 1929.
    (SFC, 3/13/02, p.D5)(www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Academy_Awards_USA/1930-1)
1930        Apr 3, Helmut Kohl, German statesman and chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, was born.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)(HN, 4/3/99)
1930        Apr 3, Ras Tafari became Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1933        Apr 3, The dirigible Akron crashed into the Atlantic off of New Jersey and killed 73 0f the 76 men aboard.
    (SFC, 9/20/97, p.A21)
1933        Apr 3, Royal Air Force Lieutenant David McIntyre and the Scottish Marquess of Clydesdale, flying two open-cockpit Westland aircraft, completed the first overflight and aerial photographic survey of Mount Everest. The British Mount Everest team, battled extreme cold and high winds as they photographed the previously unknown crest of the 29,028-foot peak.
    (HNPD, 4/3/99)

1934        Apr 3, Jane van Lawick-Goodall, ethologist (studied African chimps, 1974 Walker Prize), was born in London, England. She was a British anthropologist, known for her work with African chimpanzees. In 2000 her autobiography “Africa in My Blood: An Autobiography in Letters, The Early Years, 1934-1966," was edited by Dale Peterson.
    (HN, 3/4/99)(SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.6)(SC, 3/4/02)(MC, 4/3/02)

1936        Apr 3, Bruno Hauptmann, convicted for the kidnapping of the Lindbergh baby, was electrocuted in Trenton, N.J. The execution took 4 shocks and left Hauptman badly burned. He claimed his innocence until he died. In 1976 NBC aired a show titled The Lindbergh Kidnapping Case and Anthony Scaduto published "Scapegoat." In 1982 PBS made the documentary Who Killed the Lindbergh Baby and in 1985 Ludovic Kennedy published "The Airman and the Carpenter." In 1996 a docudrama was aired by HBO based on the Kennedy book.
    (WSJ, 9/9/96, p.A16)(AP, 4/3/97)(SSFC, 4/3/11, DB p.46)

1941        Apr 3, Walton's overture "Scapino," premiered in Chicago.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1941        Apr 3, Churchill warned Stalin of German invasion.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1941        Apr 3, Andre Michelin (88), French tire manufacturer, died. In 2004 Herbert Lottman authored "The Michelin Men: Driving an Empire," the story of Andre and Edouard Michelin.
    (MC, 4/3/02)(WSJ, 2/20/04, p.W5)
1941        Apr 3, Pal Teleki-von Szek (61), PM Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), committed suicide.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1942        Apr 3, Marsha Mason, actress (Blume in Love, Cinderella Liberty), was born in St Louis, Mo.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1942        Apr 3, The Japanese began their all-out assault on the U.S. and Filipino troops at Bataan.
    (HN, 4/3/99)

1944        Apr 3, Tony Orlando, singer (& Dawn-Tie a Yellow Ribbon), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1944        Apr 3, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that black citizens are eligible to vote in all elections, including primaries. The Smith vs. Allwright decision ruled "white primaries" unconstitutional.
    (HN, 4/3/01)(MC, 4/3/02)
1944        Apr 3, British dive bombers attacked the battle cruiser Tirpitz.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1944        Apr 3, On Orthodox Easter the Allied bombing of Nazi occupied Serbia resulted in the deaths of some 4,000 Serbian civilians. An account of the raids, requested by US Gen'l. Carl Spaatz, found that most of the bombs struck at least 600 yards from their targets.
    (SFC, 4/1/99, p.A12)

1945        Apr 3, Nazis began evacuation of camp Buchenwald. [see Apr 20]
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1946        Apr 3, Lt. General Masaharu Homma, the Japanese commander responsible for the Bataan Death March, was executed outside Manila in the Philippines.
    (AP, 4/3/97)

1948        Apr 3, Garrick Ohlsson, pianist (Intl Busoni winner 1969), was born in Bronxville, NY.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1948        Apr 3, The 1st US figure skating championships were held.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1948        Apr 3, Congress adopted and President Truman signed the Marshall Plan, which allocated more than $5 billion in aid for 16 European countries. The Marshall Plan was begun to aid the European nations in their economic recovery following WW II. It provided $13.15 billion over 4 years to 17 European nations.
    (SFC, 2/5/97, p.A20)(AP, 4/3/97)(SFEC, 5/25/97, p.A10)(HN, 4/3/98)

1949        Apr 3, Israel signed a ceasefire agreement with Transjordan.
    (www.wikipedia.org)

1950        Apr 3, Kurt Julian Weill (50), German composer (Dreigroschenoper), died. His best known work is the music for "The Threepenny Opera." His work also included "Der Jasager." He was married to the singer Lotte Lenya. Letters between the two over a period of 26 years have been edited and translated in a book by Lys Symonette and Kim H Kowalke: "Speak Low (When You Speak Love)." His work also included the theater piece "Der Weg der Verheissung" (The Eternal Road). In 2002 Foster Hirsch authored "Kurt Weill on Stage: From Berlin to Broadway."
    (SFC, 5/26/96, BR p.6)(WSJ, 5/4/99, p.A20)(SSFC, 3/17/02, p.M3)
1950        Apr 3, Carter G. Woodson (b.1875), black historian, died. Woodson is best known for is the creation of what became "Black History Month," begun in 1926 as "Negro History Week." The idea of learning more about black history caught on in schools all over the country. Many scholars recognize him as the “Father of Black History." His work included “The Negro in Our History" (1922).
    (WSJ, 5/19/05, p.D8)(www.biography.com/articles/Carter-G.-Woodson-9536515)

1951        Apr 3, Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners," premiered in Oxford.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1952        Apr 3, Dutch Queen Juliana spoke to the US Congress.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1953        Apr 3, Walter Annenberg of Philadelphia began a national TV Guide. His father had published Radio Guide and he bought TV Forecast in Chicago and local television guides in New York, Philadelphia and Washington to begin his operation. A picture of the first cover featured Lucy and Desi Arnaz’ baby (I Love Lucy).
    (www.tvhistory.tv/tv_guide1.htm)(WSJ, 5/8/98, p.W10)(www.fiftiesweb.com/pop/tv-guide.htm)

1954        Apr 3, Aristides de Sousa Mendes (b.1885), former Portuguese consul general in Bordeaux, France, died in poverty. He is credited with defying his government’s orders and saving 10,000 European Jews and some 20,000 other nationals by issuing transit visas to “undesirables" fleeing the Nazis during WW II.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristides_de_Sousa_Mendes)(SFC, 2/19/09, p.B5)

1955        Apr 3, In Guadalajara, Mexico, a night train plunged into a canyon and some 300 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)

1956        Apr 3, "Silk Stockings" closed at Imperial Theater in NYC after 461 performances.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1956        Apr 3, German war criminals Hinrichsen, Ruhl, Siebens and Viebahn were freed.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1957        Apr 3, Samuel Beckett's "Endgame," premiered in London.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.369)(MC, 4/3/02)

1958        Apr 3, "Say, Darling" opened at ANTA Theater NYC for 332 performances.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1958        Apr 3, Fidel Castro's rebels attacked Havana.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1959        Apr 3, David Hyde Pierce, actor (Niles Crane-Fraiser), was born in NY.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1959        Apr 3, "Charlie Brown" by The Coasters was banned by the BBC because it contained the word "spitball."
    (AP, 4/3/03)

1961        Apr 3, Eddie Murphy, actor (SNL, 48 Hours, Beverly Hill Cop, Raw), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (MC, 4/3/02)
1961        Apr 3, In San Francisco thousands of people took part in the 39th Easter Sunrise Service on Mount Davidson.
    (SSFC, 4/3/11, DB p.46)

1962        Apr 3, Manolis Kalomiris (78), Greek opera composer, died.
    (MC, 4/3/02)

1966        Apr 3, Three-thousand South Vietnamese Army troops led a protest against the Ky regime in Saigon.
    (HN, 4/3/98)

1968        Apr 3, Less than 24 hours before he was assassinated in Memphis, Tenn., civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "mountaintop" speech to a rally of striking sanitation workers, "It really doesn't matter with me now, because I've been to the mountain top, and I don't mind."
    (AP, 4/3/98)   
1968        Apr 3, North Vietnam agreed to meet with US representatives to set up preliminary peace talks.
    (AP, 4/3/97)

1971        Apr 3, Manfred Bennington Lee (65), detective writer, died. Brooklyn cousins Daniel Nathan, alias Frederic Dannay (1905-1982) and Manford Lepofsky, alias Manfred Bennington Lee (b.1905), used Ellery Queen as both a fictional character and a pseudonym.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellery_Queen)
1971        Apr 3, Joseph Valachi (b.1903), US gangster, died at La Tuna Federal Correctional Institution in Texas. A biography heavily influenced by Valachi’s memoirs and by interviews with Valachi was written by journalist Peter Maas and published in 1968 as The Valachi Papers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Valachi)

1972        Apr 3, Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977) returned to the US after a twenty-year absence.
    (HN, 4/3/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Chaplin)
1972        Apr 3, Ferde Grofe (b.1892), US pianist and composer (Grand Canyon Suite), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferde_Grof%C3%A9)

1974        Apr 3, A tape from the SLA announced Patty Hearst’s decision to “stay and fight" with the SLA.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W22,23)
1974        Apr 3, The Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation of the Congress reported that $476,531 in back taxes and interest was owed by President Richard Nixon. Responding to charges of fraud, Nixon requested the committee investigation of his taxes and, upon its report, agreed to pay. The report made no conclusion regarding fraud.
    (HNQ, 6/1/98)(www.house.gov/jct/aboutjct_mandate.html)
1974        Apr 3, A series of 148 deadly tornadoes struck wide parts of the South and Midwest before jumping across the border into Canada; some 330 people were killed in 13 states: Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. Total property damage was estimated at $600 million. In 2007 Mark Levine authored “F5: Devastation, Survival, and the Most Violent Tornado Outbreak of the 20th Century."
    (AP, 4/3/99)(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)(SSFC, 9/4/05, p.A7)(WSJ, 6/16/07, p.P10)

1975        Apr 3, Bobby Fischer (1943-2008) was stripped of the world chess title for refusing to defend it.
    (www.bobby-fischer.net/)
1975        Apr 3, Mary Ure (b.1933), Scottish actress (Sons & Lovers, Where Eagles Dare), died.
    {Scotland, Film Star, Theater}
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Ure)

1978        Apr 3, In the 50th Academy Awards "Annie Hall" won as film. Richard Dreyfuss won as best actor (The Goodbye Girl) and Diane Keaton won as best actress (Annie Hall).
    (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0271340/)

1979        Apr 3, Democrat Jane M. Byrne (1934-2014) was elected as the 1st woman mayor of Chicago, defeating Republican Wallace D. Johnson. She continued in office to 1983 when she lost to state Sen. Harold Washington.
    (AP, 4/3/97)(SSFC, 11/16/14, p.C8)
1979        Apr 3, In Belgium Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens (b.1936) became prime minister for the 1st of 9 times.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilfried_Martens)

1982        Apr 3, Britain dispatched a naval task force to the south Atlantic to reclaim the disputed Falkland Islands from Argentina. The UN Security Council demanded Argentina withdraw from Falkland Islands.
    (AP, 4/3/02)

1983        Apr 3, Martin Cooper, Motorola project manager, demonstrated the 1st mobile phone, the DynaTAC 8000x. It was designed by Rudy Krolopp. The 2½ pound cell phone was soon made available for $3,995.
    (SFC, 4/12/00, p.D3)(SFC, 4/3/03, p.B1)(NW, 3/17/03, p.14)(SFC, 8/17/11, p.D1)

1984        Apr 3, Coach John Thompson of Georgetown University became the first African-American coach to win an NCAA basketball tournament.
    (HN, 4/3/99)

1985        Apr 3, The landmark Brown Derby restaurant in Hollywood closed after 56 years in business.
    (AP, 4/3/97)

1986        Apr 3, US national debt hit $2,000,000,000,000 (2 trillion).
    (http://tinyurl.com/ftr8g)
1986        Apr 3, Peter Pears (b.1910), English tenor (Death in Venice), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Pears)

1987        Apr 3, Stock prices rocketed on Wall Street as the Dow Jones industrial average soared 69.89 points, ending the day at a record 2,390.34.
    (AP, 4/3/97)
1987        Apr 3, Duchess of Windsor's jewels were auctioned for 31,380,197 pounds ($50 million).
    (http://tinyurl.com/l4o9h)

1988        Apr 3, Secretary of State George P. Shultz arrived in Israel to launch a fresh U.S. peace initiative, telling the Israelis that the Palestinians must be included in negotiations.
    (AP, 4/3/98)

1989        Apr 3, The University of Michigan Wolverines won the NCAA championship by defeating Seton Hall in overtime, 80-79.
    (AP, 4/3/99)

1990        Apr 3, Sarah Vaughan (66), Jazz singer, died in suburban Los Angeles.
    (AP, 4/3/00)
1990        Apr 3, A delegation from the rebellious republic of Lithuania met with an adviser to Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.
    (AP, 4/3/00)

1991        Apr 3, "Penn & Teller Refrigerator Tour" opened at Eugene O'Neill in NYC.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4636)
1991        Apr 3, The UN Security Council (Resolution 687) adopted a Gulf War truce resolution demanding that Iraq abolish weapons of mass destruction, renounce terrorism and pay reparations.
    (AP, 4/3/01)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
1991        Apr 3, English novelist Graham Greene died at age 86. His wife, Vivien Dayrell-Browning, died in 2003 at age 98. Greene had told his wife that he had had 32 other women. His books included “The Quiet American" (1955). In his so-called “Catholic" novels he challenged the idea that God is a cruel, unstinting Rules Keeper. In 2004 Norman Sherry completed “The Life of Graham Greene, Vol. III, 1955-1991."
    (AP, 4/3/01)(SFC, 8/25/03, p.B4)(SFC, 10/2/04, p.E2)(WSJ, 10/6/04, p.D14)

1992        Apr 3, President Bush, speaking in Philadelphia, said members of Congress should shorten their annual sessions and retire after 12 years, calling for changes in "a failed status quo"; Democratic leaders accused Bush of "scapegoating."
    (AP, 4/3/97)

1993        Apr 3, The Norman Rockwell Museum in Stockbridge, Mass., opened. it replaced the Old Corner House Museum on Main St. that had housed the artist’s nearly 600 works.
1993        Apr 3, President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin opened a weekend summit in Vancouver, B.C., beginning talks after a luncheon with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
    (AP, 4/3/98)
1993        Apr 3, Pinky Lee (85), former children's TV show host, died of a heart attack at his California home.
    (AP, 4/3/03)

1994        Apr 3, Frank Wells, president of the Walt Disney Co., died in helicopter crash while returning from a ski trip in Nevada’s Ruby Mountains.
    (www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Frank_Wells)
1994        Apr 3, In his Easter Sunday address, Pope John Paul II expressed hope that the joy of Christianity would overwhelm the din of violence and hate.
    (AP, 4/3/99)

1995        Apr 3, UCLA defeated Arkansas, 89-78, to win the NCAA basketball championship.
    (AP, 4/3/00)
1995        Apr 3, Former United Way of America President William Aramony was convicted in Alexandria, Va., of 25 counts of fraud for stealing nearly $600,000 dollars from the nation's biggest charity.
    (AP, 4/3/00)

1996        Apr 3, Much of North America was treated to a total lunar eclipse.
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.62)
1996        Apr 3, FBI agents arrested a suspect thought to be the Unabomber. Theodore John Kaczynski was arrested near Lincoln, Montana on a tip from his brother. His mail bombs had killed 3 and injured 23 over the last 17 years. An original draft of his manifesto “Industrial Society and Its Future" was found some days later.
    (WSJ, 4/4/96, A-1)(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-1)(AP, 4/3/97)
1996        Apr 3, A US Air Force jetliner crashed near Dubrovnik, Croatia, and 35 people on board were killed including Ron Brown, Sec. of Commerce. Brown had been leading a delegation of business executives to the former Yugoslavia to explore business opportunities that might help rebuild the war-torn region.
    (WSJ, 4/4/96, A-1)(WSJ, 4/5/96, p.A-1)(AP, 4/3/97)
1996        Apr 3, Carl Stokes died of cancer AT 68. He was elected mayor of Cleveland in 1967, the first black mayor of a major US city. He had been on medical leave from his post since 1994 as ambassador to the Seychelles.
    (WSJ, 4/4/96, A-1)(AP, 4/3/97)

1997        Apr 3, About 2,000 youngsters in California and Georgia lined up for shots to protect them against hepatitis from a contaminated shipment of frozen strawberries.
    (AP, 4/3/98)
1997        Apr 3, In Tennessee 6 chained prisoners burned to death when their transport vehicle caught fire.
    (WSJ, 4/4/97, p.A1)

1998        Apr 3, Pres. Clinton warned that Japanese officials “have to make a break" with their past policies. Moody’s Investor’s Services changed its outlook on Japan’s government debt to “negative" from “stable."
    (SFC, 4/4/98, p.A1)
1998        Apr 3, Douglas Fred Groat, a disgruntled spy fired by the CIA, was charged with espionage and extortion. Groat later pleaded guilty to extortion, and was sentenced to five years in prison.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
1998        Apr 3, The Dow Jones industrial average climbed above 9,000 for the first time, but finished with a 3.23 point drop at 8,983.41.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
1998        cApr 3, A 2-day meeting called by the Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers was attended by 18 African nations, over a dozen European countries and Japan, Canada and Argentina. They endorsed measures to control the spread of light weapons.
    (SFC, 4/6/98, p.A13)

1999        Apr 3, In Louisiana a tornado hit north of Shreveport and 10 people sere reported killed with some 100 injured.
    (SFEC, 4/4/99, p.A2)
1999        Apr 3, Pres. Clinton authorized $50 million in emergency funds for Kosovo refugees and urged Americans to make donations.
    (SFEC, 4/4/99, p.A11)
1999        Apr 3, A small plane crashed in a snowstorm San Diego County and 4 people on board were killed.
    (SFC, 4/5/99, p.A5)
1999        Apr 3, NATO missiles struck downtown Belgrade for the first time, destroying the headquarters of security forces accused of waging a campaign against Kosovo Albanians. NATO bombs struck the Serbian Internal Ministry buildings near the Sava River.
    (SFC, 4/3/99, p.A1)(AP, 4/3/00)   
1999        Apr 3, Melaim Bellanica, a villager from Velike Krusa, handed to international media a 5-day-old, smuggled video clip of Serb atrocities from his home.
    (SFEC, 4/4/99, p.A12)
1999        Apr 3, Montenegro announced that over 31,000 Kosovar Albanians had entered the country since NATO assaults began and that it was facing a humanitarian catastrophe.
    (SFEC, 4/4/99, p.A10)
1999        Apr 3, Macedonia, overwhelmed by some 70,000 Kosovar Albanians, declared that it won't accept any more refugees unless they are sent on to other European countries.
    (SFEC, 4/4/99, p.A10)
1999        Apr 3, Montenegro announced that over 31,000 Kosovar Albanians had entered the country since NATO assaults began and that it was facing a humanitarian catastrophe.
    (SFEC, 4/4/99, p.A10)
1999        Apr 3, It was reported that North Korea would run out of food this month and that some 2 million people would be packed off to the countryside to farm in the 4th year of famine.
    (SFC, 4/3/99, p.A3)
1999        Apr 3, Lionel Bart, born as Lionel Beglieter, died at age 68 in London. He wrote and composed the 1960 musical "Oliver" based on the Dickens novel "Oliver Twist."
    (SFEC, 4/4/99, p.B12)
1999        Apr 3, In Sri Lanka 15 rebels were killed at Janakapurna village and 4 soldiers were killed by a land mine in Tanmakeny village. 5 other rebels were killed in the north.
    (SFC, 4/5/99, p.A9)

2000        Apr 3, In Indianapolis Michigan State beat the Florida Gators for the NCAA basketball championship, 89-to-76.
    (WSJ, 4/5/00, p.A24)(AP, 4/3/01)
2000        Apr 3, Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson ruled that Microsoft violated the Sherman Act by tying its Internet browser to its operating system, and by keeping “an oppressive thumb" on competitors during the race to link Americans to the Internet.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A1)(AP, 4/3/01)
2000        Apr 3, The US granted visas to the immediate family of Elian Gonzalez along with a cousin, doctor, and teacher. 22 other visas were under review.
    (WSJ, 4/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 3, US defense chief Cohen said that the US would join an int’l. force in south Lebanon when Israel pulls out.
    (WSJ, 4/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 3, A regional director of the National Labor Relations Board ruled that graduate students who work as teaching and research assistants at New York Univ. may organize a union.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A3)
2000        Apr 3, The Nasdaq plunged 349 points while the Dow rose 300.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 3, In Massachusetts the nation’s most comprehensive gun safety laws went into effect.
    (SFC, 4/3/00, p.A11)
2000        Apr 3, It was reported that 6 prestigious int’l. universities and cultural institutions planned to sell knowledge and education over the Internet via the Fathom Web site.
    (SFC, 4/3/00, p.A5)
2000        Apr 3, In Bosnia NATO troops arrested Momcilo Krajisnik, former speaker of the Bosnian Serb assembly, for war crimes and flew him to the Netherlands to stand trial. In 2006 Momcilo Krajisnik was convicted by the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in The Hague for persecuting and forcibly expelling non-Serbs during the 1992-95 war in Bosnia. He was released in 2013 after serving two-thirds of a reduced 20-year sentence.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A10)(SFC, 8/31/13, p.A6)
2000        Apr 3, In Colombia leftist rebels of the national Liberation Army kidnapped 23 motorists in northern Cesar state after calling for a transportation strike.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A12)
2000        Apr 3, Jean Dominique (69), radio journalist, was killed by 2 gunmen as he drove in for a morning newscast in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. In 2004 Jonathan Demme debuted his documentary film "The Agronomist," a paean to Dominique.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 1/29/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/30/04, p.E6)
2000        Apr 3, In Madagascar a cyclone left 2 people dead and nearly flattened the town of Antalaha.
    (WSJ, 4/4/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 3, In Russia 2 cosmonauts were scheduled to lift off for the Mir space station.
    (WSJ, 4/3/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 3, Turkish warplanes struck Kurdish rebel bases in northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 4/4/00, p.A12)

2001        Apr 3, President Bush warned China it risked damaging relations with the United States unless it quickly released the American crew of a damaged Navy spy plane. The plane had made an emergency landing in China after colliding with a Chinese fighter.
    (AP, 4/3/02)
2001        Apr 3, The DJIA fell 292 to 9,485. The Nasdaq fell almost 110 to 1,673.
    (SFC, 4/4/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 3, US agents seized over 7 tons of marijuana from a tractor-trailer at the Tijuana border. It was believed to be the largest seizure along the US-Mexican border and was valued at $12.1 million.
    (SFC, 4/5/01, p.A4)
2001        Apr 3, A US fishing boat, the Arctic Rose out of Seattle, sank in the Bering Sea and all 15 aboard were feared dead.
    (WSJ, 4/4/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 3, Israel fired rockets at 4 Gaza Strip targets after a 10-year-old boy was injured in a mortar assault on a Jewish settlement.
    (SFC, 4/4/01, p.A10)
2001        Apr 3, In Russia Pres. Putin in his state-of-the-nation address promised a government-wide shakeup to reverse capital flight and sustain new economic growth.
    (SFC, 4/4/01, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/4/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 3, In Russia the NTV leadership was ousted by Gazprom, a large stake holder. Protesting journalists barred access to the Ostankino studios.
    (WSJ, 4/4/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 3, Sri Lanka agreed to open peace talks with Tamil rebels following diplomatic initiative by Norway.
    (WSJ, 4/4/01, p.A1)

2002        Apr 3, Cincinnati, Ohio, agreed to restrictions on the use of force and announced plans to establish an independent agency to investigate police brutality complaints.
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A4)
2002        Apr 3, Roy Huggins, novelists, TV writer and producer, died at age 87. His shows included “Cheyenne," “The Fugitive" and “The Rockford Files."
    (SFC, 4/15/02, p.B5)
2002        Apr 3, The US-financed Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty began broadcasting in the North Caucasus region that included Chechnya. The Kremlin viewed the broadcasts as interference with internal affairs.
    (SFC, 4/3/02, p.A6)
2002        Apr 3, Afghan security officials reported the arrests of hundreds of political opponents who planned a conspiracy and bombing campaign that was linked to Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. 140 men were released the next day, while 160 remained under detention.
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A8)(SFC, 4/5/02, p.A9)
2002        Apr 3, In Argentina Domingo Cavallo, former economy minister (1991-1996), was arrested for illegal arms sales to Croatia and Ecuador in the 1990s, diverting 6,500 tons of weapons worth over $100 million. He was indicted Apr 10 for “aggravated contraband."
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A7)(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A10)
2002        Apr 3, In Ambon, Indonesia, a car bomb killed 4 people and wounded 43.
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A8)
2002        Apr 3, Israeli tanks entered the West Bank cities of Jenin, Salfeet and Nablus. At least 1 Israeli soldier and 12 Palestinians were killed. Gunners from Lebanon’s Hezbollah exchanged artillery and mortar fire with Israeli troops. Scores of Palestinian gunmen were holed up in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. The Egyptian government announced a cutoff of official contacts with Israel. Syria shifted 20,000 troops in Lebanon toward the Lebanese-Syrian border reportedly in accord with the 1989 Taif agreement.
    (SFC, 4/3/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/4/02, p.A1,13)(WSJ, 4/4/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A4)
2002        Apr 3, Pakistan’s Gen. Musharraf visited Afghanistan and presented Hamid Karzai with a $10 million donation.
    (SFC, 4/3/02, p.A8)

2003        Apr 3, Moving with a sense of wartime urgency, the House and Senate separately agreed to give President Bush nearly $80 billion to carry out the battle against Iraq and meet the threat of terrorism.
    (AP, 4/3/04)
2003        Apr 3, In the 16th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US Marines and infantry moved with surprising speed toward Baghdad. Central Command said there was "increasing evidence" that Saddam Hussein's regime had lost control of its fighting forces. US troop casualty totaled: 51 dead, 16 missing and 7 captured. A power blackout in Baghdad coincided with heavy artillery fire. US forces attacked Saddam Int'l. Airport.
    (AP, 4/3/03)(SFC, 4/4/03, p.W1)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Apr 3, A car exploded at a US checkpoint in western Iraq, killing three coalition soldiers, a pregnant woman and the car's driver. Atlantic magazine editor Michael Kelly, 46, became the first American journalist to be killed while covering the Iraq war when his Army Humvee came under fire and rolled into a canal.
    (AP, 4/4/03)(AP, 4/3/08)
2003        Apr 3, US Sec. of State Colin Powell assured NATO allies and the EU that the Bush administration seeks a partnership with the United Nations for the reconstruction of post-war Iraq.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, The International Monetary Fund warned that the US housing market, after two years of record sales over and strong increases in home prices, could be headed for a fall.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, It was reported that Alzheimer's symptoms were slowed by the drug memantine.
    (WSJ, 4/3/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 3, Afghan militia soldiers and 2-day blistering airstrikes by US-led coalition planes killed eight suspected Taliban fighters in the southern mountains.
    (AP, 4/4/03)
2003        Apr 3, In Chechnya a bus was blown apart by a remote-controlled mine, killing at least six people.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, The Colombia government said it is handing over about 14,000 acres of farmland seized from drug traffickers to poor farmers, marking Pres. Alvaro Uribe's first effort at agrarian reform. Efforts to cancel the property rights of drug traffickers were to be stepped up along with the transfer of some 750,000 acres of their property to peasants.
    (AP, 4/3/03)(WSJ, 4/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 3, Cuban security forces arrested the hijackers of a passenger ferry, rescuing nearly 50 hostages.
    (AP, 4/3/04)
2003        Apr 3, French air traffic controllers, postal workers and other public employees brought much of the country to a halt with a one-day strike over government plans to overhaul the pension system.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroder said he hoped for a quick victory by US and British forces in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 4/4/03, p.A7)
2003        Apr 3, Haiti's government officially sanctioned voodoo as a religion, allowing practitioners to begin performing ceremonies from baptisms to marriages with legal authority.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(AP, 2/11/04)
2003        Apr 3, A car exploded at a US checkpoint in western Iraq, killing 3 coalition soldiers, a pregnant woman and the car's driver. Banditry and plundering were reported across the countryside. Atlantic magazine editor Michael Kelly (46), became the first American journalist to be killed while covering the war when his Army Humvee came under fire and rolled into a canal.
    (WSJ, 4/3/03, p.A1)(AP, 4/4/03)(AP, 4/3/08)
2003        Apr 3, In northeastern Congo 966 people were killed in attacks by armed militants on villages in Ituri province. UN investigators later discovered some 20 mass graves in the region.
    (AP, 4/6/03)
2003        Apr 3, Israeli forces evicted some 1,500-3,000 Palestinian men from their homes in the Tulkarem Refugee Camp and told them to stay out for 3 days. Several Palestinians were killed in Gaza and West Bank raids.
    (SFC, 4/4/03, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 3, Ivory Coast's insurgents ended their boycott of a new unity government and urged the international community to help make it work.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, Peru's Congress voted to create a Senate and return to a bicameral legislature, a decade after former Pres. Fujimori shut down the two houses in his so-called self coup.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, Serbia and Montenegro became a member of the Council of Europe.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, In Spain a female doctor described as mentally unbalanced stabbed several people at a Madrid hospital, killing a colleague and a patient and wounding six others.
    (AP, 4/3/03)
2003        Apr 3, Venezuela’s government fired 828 more employees from Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), the state oil monopoly, for participating in a two-month strike to oust Pres. Chavez. PDVSA lost many of its most experienced and best-qualified employees. Altogether Chavez fired some 18,000 employees of PDVSA this year and many of them soon found work Colombia.
    (AP, 4/4/03)(Econ, 8/12/06, p.56)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.31)

2004        Apr 3, Soccer player Freddy Adu (14), became the youngest athlete in a major American professional sport in well over a century as he entered a game between his team, D.C. United, and the San Jose Earthquakes (D.C. United won, 2-1).
    (AP, 4/3/05)
2004        Apr 3, The US Postal Service unveiled a new John Wayne commemorative postage stamp for its annual "Legends of Hollywood" issue at a private fund-raiser.
    (AP, 4/5/04)
2004        Apr 3, Hundreds of thousands of Germans protested against Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's unpopular drive to trim the welfare state.
    (AP, 4/3/04)
2004        Apr 3, A U.S.-led multinational force trying to bring stability to Haiti helped detain Jean Robert, a rebel sympathizer and gang leader accused of terrorizing supporters of Aristide.
    (AP, 4/9/04)
2004        Apr 3, In Iraq 2 attacks on Iraqi police south of Baghdad killed four people. Col. Wissam Hussein, the police chief of Mahmudiyah, was shot to death by gunmen dressed as police. 
    (AP, 4/3/04)(SSFC, 4/4/04, p.A3)
2004        Apr 3, Israeli troops arrested 23 wanted Palestinians early in a large-scale raid in the West Bank city of Nablus. Zohair Arda, a Palestinian gunman, broke into an Israeli settlement early, killing an Israeli man and wounding his 12-year-old daughter in their home. Israeli troops entered the Tulkarem refugee camp overnight and demolished the home of Arda (18), who was shot dead during the attack.
    (AP, 4/3/04)(AP, 4/4/04)
2004        Apr 3, Slovaks voted for a new president. Former authoritarian PM Meciar led after the first round of Slovakia's presidential election. Low turnout set up an Apr 17 runoff against a former political ally.
    (AP, 4/4/04)(WSJ, 4/5/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 3, In Spain Sarhane Abdelmajid Fakhet (35), a Tunisian national and the alleged ringleader of last month's train bombings in Madrid, was among 5 suspects who blew themselves up as police raided their apartment.
    (AP, 4/4/04)(SFC, 4/5/04, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/6/04, p.A1)

2005        Apr 3, Daylight Savings Time (DST) began on this 1st Sunday in April.
    (SFC, 4/2/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 3, In Arizona Minuteman anti-immigrant activists began showing up to guard the border against illegal crossings. Grupo Beta, a Mexican government-sponsored organization that tries to discourage people from crossing illegally and aids those stranded in the desert, began patrolling that area along with state police officers.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 3, Residents in China’s Zhejiang province clashed with police officers and workers sent in to quell their protests over pollution from chemical factories. As many as 60 cars were destroyed and some people were reported killed.
    (SSFC, 10/2/05, p.C1)(www.christusrex.org/www1/news/nyt-4-14-05b.html)
2005        Apr 3, Iraqi lawmakers elected Sunni Arab Hachem Hassani as parliament speaker and Shiite and Kurdish leaders as his deputies, ending days of deadlock.
    (AP, 4/3/05)(WSJ, 4/4/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 3, In eastern Pakistan hundreds of Islamic radicals protesting against the participation of women in a road race hurled stones and bricks at competitors, and clashed with police, leaving at least 18 people injured.
    (AP, 4/3/05)
2005        Apr 3, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas announced plans for a jobs program aimed at militants.
    (SFC, 4/12/05, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/6ldnx)
2005        Apr 3, In central Saudi Arabia a gun battle began that left 7 suspected al-Qaida militants killed in a shootout with Saudi security forces in ar-Rass.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 3, In southern Thailand 2 near-simultaneous bombs exploded, including one at the airport in Hat Yai city killing one person and wounding a dozen.
    (AFP, 4/3/05)
2005         Apr 3, A day after the death of Pope John Paul II, the body of the pontiff lay in state. Millions prayed and wept at services across the globe, as the Vatican prepared for the ritual-filled funeral and conclave that would choose a successor.
    (AP, 4/3/06)

2006        Apr 3, The Pentagon released 2,733 pages of declassified transcripts of Guantanamo Bay detainee hearings.
    (SFC, 4/4/06, p.A4)
2006        Apr 3, In Boston a 10-ton construction platform collapsed and fell 13 stories killing 3 people on Boylston St.
    (SFC, 4/4/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 3, Denver area transit workers went on strike for the 1st time in 24 years. A tentative contract was reached on April 5.
    (SFC, 4/4/06, p.A3)(SFC, 4/6/06, p.A18)
2006        Apr 3, David Wittig, former chairman and CEO of Westar Energy, was sentenced in Kansas to 18 years in prison for defrauding the company. Former VP David Lake was sentenced to 15 years. Both men were ordered to pay fines of $5 million each.
    (WSJ, 4/4/06, p.C3)
2006        Apr 3, Florida beat UCLA, 73-57, to win its first NCAA title in men's basketball.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2006        Apr 3, Charles Barkley, Dominique Wilkins and Joe Dumars were among six people elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2006        Apr 3, Constellation Brands and Vincor Int’l., Canada’s largest wine company announced plans for a $1.3 billion merger.
    (SFC, 4/6/06, p.F2)
2006        Apr 3, Australia agreed to sell China uranium for nuclear power stations despite concerns that Beijing could divert the material to atomic weapons.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, Czech officials declared a state of emergency in seven flood-hit regions while rivers continued to rise in neighboring European countries, forcing evacuations in some areas. Flooding was also reported in Germany, Poland, Hungary, Austria and Slovakia.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, The National Bank of Greece paid $2.8 billion for 46% of Finansbank, Turkey’s 3rd largest bank. It planned a public offer for a controlling stake.
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.74)
2006        Apr 3, In western Guatemala 4 young men accused of trying to rob a school were whipped by their parents in a sentence dictated by Mayan elders.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, A suicide truck bomb exploded near a Shiite mosque in northeastern Baghdad as worshippers were leaving after evening prayers, killing at least 10 people and wounding 30. A car bombing in Baghdad's eastern Shiite slum of Sadr City killed at least two civilians and wounded six others, including a 9-year-old boy. 4 people were wounded when a car bomb struck the central district of Karradah in Baghdad. Six people, a navy officer, two policemen, two workers at an electrical plant and a boy, were killed by drive-by shooters in a market area of the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, PM Bertie Ahern pledged that Ireland will legalize civil partnerships for gay couples, as he opened new offices for the country's main gay rights group.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, In Jordan a bomb exploded at a shop selling Iraqi scrap metal, killing two people and wounding four.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, Dozens of Mexican newspapers, frustrated by fruitless police probes of slain and missing journalists, simultaneously published the first in a series of reports on the cases.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, Morocco’s state news agency MAP said security forces were holding nine suspected al Qaeda activists. Local newspapers said they were part of a ring that plotted bomb attacks in France, Italy and Morocco.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, The chief of Nepal's communist rebels promised to suspend attacks on the capital ahead of a planned nationwide strike, a first sign of easing tensions in a battle of nerves between the king's government and its opponents.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, In Pakistan a roadside bomb killed five people riding a minibus and security forces shot dead two suspected militants in North Waziristan province.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, Negotiations in Vienna on the future of Kosovo appeared to founder as UN mediators struggled to overcome Serb demands for autonomy within the majority Albanian territory.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, Former Liberian President Charles Taylor pleaded not guilty before an international war crimes tribunal in Sierra Leone, denying he'd helped destabilize West Africa through killings, sexual slavery and sending children into combat.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2006        Apr 3, A senior South African policeman went on a shooting rampage in Johannesburg, killing eight people, including a 2-year-old baby, before being shot dead by colleagues. A pedestrian was killed during a police chase of the suspect.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 3, Jan Egeland, the U.N.'s top humanitarian official in Sudan, said the government barred him from visiting Darfur to prevent him seeing poor conditions there.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, Mohammed al-Maghout (72), a Syrian poet and playwright known for his satirical depictions of authoritarian Arab regimes, died of a stroke at his home in Damascus.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, PM Thaksin claimed victory in Thailand's general election that followed weeks of anti-government protests, saying his party won more than half of the popular vote, the threshold he had set for staying in office.
    (AP, 4/3/06)
2006        Apr 3, Venezuela seized control of oil fields from France's Total SA and Italy's Eni SPA in a show of force against those resisting President Hugo Chavez's efforts to pry more profits from the industry at a time of high oil prices.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 3, Dao Dinh Binh (61) Vietnam's transport minister resigned and his deputy was arrested in a major corruption scandal in which public officials embezzled millions of dollars in government funds. The reformist newspapers Thanh Nien (Young people) and Tuoi Tre (Youth Daily) had published a joint expose of the transport ministry’s road building unit. In 2009 the government refused to renew the contracts for the papers.
    (AFP, 4/4/06)(Econ, 1/17/09, p.43)

2007        Apr 3, President Bush denounced Democrats for going on spring break without approving money for the Iraq war; he also criticized House Speaker Nancy Pelosi's trip to Syria.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2007        Apr 3, An AP investigation said CIA and FBI agents hunting for al-Qaida militants in the Horn of Africa have been interrogating terrorism suspects from 19 countries held at secret prisons in Ethiopia, which is notorious for torture and abuse.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, An ex-con shot and killed his ex-girlfriend at the CNN headquarters complex in Atlanta before being wounded by a security guard. Arthur Mann was later convicted of murdering Clara Riddles and sentenced to life without parole.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2007        Apr 3, After a nine-year title drought, Tennessee's Lady Vols basketball team captured a seventh national title, beating Rutgers 59-46.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2007        Apr 3, Eddie Robinson (b.1919), 56-year head football coach at Grambling College, died in Ruston, La.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eddie_Robinson_(football_coach))
2007        Apr 3, UN officials in Afghanistan said avalanches and floods triggered by heavy rains and spring snow melt have killed about 150 people in recent days in the mountains of central Asia. The toll in Afghanistan reached 88 with over 50 killed in Pakistan. In southwest Afghanistan 2 French aid workers and their three Afghan staff went missing between Nimroz and neighboring Farah province.
    (AP, 4/3/07)(AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 3, A state news agency said China's government has ordered newspapers to stamp out the common practice of demanding money from people they cover.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, Colombian authorities captured Ever Veloza, a fugitive right-wing warlord accused in massacres and of running a murderous criminal band involved in drug trafficking and extortion. He was arrested in the banana-growing Uraba region on the Caribbean coast. Veloza already faces charges in the April 11, 2001, massacre of 26 peasants in the southwestern town of Naya.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, Interpol issued an international arrest warrant for three Israelis accused of training private armies of Colombian drug cartels and right-wing death squads. Yair Klein, Melnik Ferri and Tzedaka Abraham were being sought on charges of criminal conspiracy and instruction in terrorism.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, Official figures said the number of Egyptians inside and outside the country has risen to more than 76 million, meaning an Egyptian baby is born every 23 seconds.
    (AFP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, A French train with a 25,000-horsepower engine and special wheels broke the world speed record for conventional rail trains, reaching 357.2 mph as it zipped through the countryside to the applause of spectators. It surpassed the record of 320.2 mph set in 1990 by another French train. It fell short of beating the ultimate record set by Japan's magnetically levitated train, which hit 361 mph in 2003.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, Nina Wang (69), Asia's richest woman, died in Hong Kong after reports she had been battling cancer, leaving unanswered questions over her estimated $4.2 billion (2.1 billion pound) fortune. Wang successfully battled her father-in-law for a multi-billion dollar estate left by her late husband Teddy Wang, a property tycoon who vanished in 1990. Wang left her $4 billion fortune to Chan Chun-chuen, a master of feng shui in a will dated Oct. 16, 2006. On Feb 2, 2010, a Hong Kong court deemed the will a forgery.
    (Reuters, 4/4/07)(AP, 4/20/07)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.78)(AP, 2/2/10)
2007        Apr 3, Activists said traffickers are selling children in India for amounts that are often lower than the cost of animals and most of them end up working as laborers or commercial sex workers.
    (Reuters, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono told a meeting of Islamic clerics that Muslim nations should ultimately replace coalition forces in Iraq after a period of national reconciliation. Cliff Muntu (21), a student at Indonesia’s Institute of Public Administration (IPDN), died from wounds due to hazing by his seniors. This was the 35th death in the school since 1993.
    (AP, 4/3/07)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cliff_Muntu)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.49)
2007        Apr 3, Iran reported that an Iranian diplomat in Iraq seized two months ago by uniformed gunmen has been released.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, In Baghdad a senior foreign ministry official said his government was "intensively" seeking the release of five Iranians detained there by the US. Two US soldiers were killed by small-arms fire, one in eastern Baghdad and another on foot patrol in the southern outskirts of the capital. Iraqi and US troops found a huge stash of weapons in a raid on the home of Sunni legislator Khalaf al-Ilyan. They detained at least a dozen men for questioning. Khalaf al-Ilyan, in Jordan for surgery, later denied the charges and accused the Iraqi government and Iran of trying to discredit him because of his criticism of state policies.
    (AP, 4/3/07)(AP, 4/6/07)(AP, 4/9/07)
2007        Apr 3, Japan and Thailand signed a free trade agreement that will cut tariffs on a wide range of traded goods, from seafood to automobiles.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, Nigerian Vice President Atiku Abubakar lost an appeal against a decision by the electoral commission to bar him from this month's presidential election. Two courts issued competing rulings on the disqualification, setting up a legal showdown just weeks before an election meant to solidify civilian rule in the country.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, Thousands of flag-waving protesters rallied at Pakistan's Supreme Court to urge President Pervez Musharraf to step down for controversially dismissing the country's top judge.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, In the Philippines Pete Amurin, a local election board official in the city of Puerto Rincesa, capital of Palawan island west of Manila, was shot dead at close range near his office.
    (AFP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 3, Qatar's PM Sheik Abdullah bin Khalifa Al Thani resigned and the country's emir appointed the foreign minister as replacement.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, Taiwan Presidential front-runner Ma Ying-jeou pleaded not guilty at his corruption trial in Taipei, saying that his use of a special municipal fund was in keeping with government standards. A helicopter crashed into a radio tower near Kaohsiung and killed 8 crew members.
    (AP, 4/3/07)(AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 3, Thousands of Ukrainian protesters streamed into the capital in the most serious confrontation between the prime minister and the president since the two men faced off during the Orange Revolution.
    (AP, 4/3/07)
2007        Apr 3, In Zimbabwe trucks of riot police drove through Harare and military helicopters flew overhead on the first day of a national strike to protest deepening economic hardships blamed on the government of President Robert Mugabe. The strike received a cool response from workers worried about forfeiting vital wages. A UN study said Zimbabwe was Africa's worst economic performer in 2006.
    (AP, 4/3/07)(AFP, 4/3/07)

2008        Apr 3, President Bush won NATO's endorsement for his plan to build a missile defense system in Europe over Russian objections. The proposal also advanced with Czech officials announcing an agreement to install a missile tracking site for the system in their country. NATO decided not to put Georgia and Ukraine on track to join the alliance after vehement Russian opposition, but the alliance pledged that the strategically important Black Sea nations will become members one day.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, The whistleblowers who exposed maintenance and inspection problems at Southwest Airlines told Congress their jobs were threatened and their reports of noncompliance were ignored for years by their superiors.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Corn prices jumped to a record $6 a bushel, driven up by an expected supply shortfall that will only add to Americans' growing grocery bill and further squeeze struggling ethanol producers.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, ATA Airlines discontinued all flights and filed for bankruptcy.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, It was reported that Nikolai Shaposhnikov and Lev Titarchuk had discovered a small black hole in the Milky Way with the aid of NASA's Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer satellite. They presented the findings earlier this week at an American Astronomical Society conference. It was discovered alongside a normal star in a binary system called XTE J1650-500, named for its coordinates in the constellation Ara. The system was discovered in 2001.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Wayne "Frosty Freeze" Frost (44), a hip-hop pioneer, died. His acrobatic performance with the legendary Rock Steady Crew in the 1983 movie "Flashdance" helped set off a worldwide breakdancing craze.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, In eastern Kunar province, a truck supplying fuel to NATO troops hit a roadside bomb that killed the Afghan driver.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, In Chile Yasna Provoste, Chile’s education minister, was impeached following the discovery of $560 million shortfall in the ministry for 2004-2006.
    (Econ, 5/17/08, p.48)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yasna_Provoste)
2008        Apr 3, Hu Jia, a Buddhist Chinese dissident outspoken on Tibet and other sensitive topics, was jailed for three-and-a-half years, a conviction likely to become a focus of rights campaigns ahead of the Beijing Olympics.
    (Reuters, 4/3/08)(WSJ, 4/4/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 3, Ivan Korade (44), a retired Croatian army general suspected in a grisly quadruple murder, died during a shootout with police that also killed one officer. On April 1 Korade was charged with the March 27 killing of four people in his village of Velika Veternicka: a 16-year-old boy, his 62-year-old grandmother and two men, including a former Korade aide.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Ledra Street, a main shopping street in Cyprus' divided capital that had come to symbolize the island's ethnic partition, reopened for the first time in 44 years, boosting hopes for a renewed drive to reunify Cyprus. Authorities were forced to close it for nearly two hours following a dispute over how to police the street.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, French protesters hurled bottles and stones at riot police who responded with tear gas during a march by high school students in Paris over teacher job cuts.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Iraqi troops killed 7 militants and detained 16 in three separate incidents in the Basra area. A coalition air strike there killed two militants. A parked car bomb targeting a police patrol in western Baghdad killed at least one civilian and wounded 10 other people, including three officers. A roadside bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol elsewhere in the predominantly Sunni Yarmouk neighborhood in the capital, killing one soldier and wounding three others. The office of Muqtada al-Sadr called for a "million-strong" turnout for an anti-American demonstration next week to mark the fifth anniversary of the capture of Baghdad by invading US troops. A US airman was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/3/08)(AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, Alitalia edged closer to bankruptcy protection after Air France-KLM abruptly broke off talks to buy the struggling national airline and Alitalia's chairman of seven months resigned in frustration.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Japanese police arrested Olatunbosun Ugbogu (22), a Nigerian national serving in the US Navy, in the March 19 stabbing death of a taxi driver near an American naval base outside Tokyo. He was handed over to Japanese authorities just before the arrest under a bilateral security pact.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Kenya’s president and opposition leader agreed on a cabinet as part of their power-sharing deal to end violence.
    (WSJ, 4/4/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 3, The UN tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands, ruled that there was not enough evidence to convict former Kosovo PM Ramush Haradinaj of murder, torture and rape of Serbs and non-Albanians during the Kosovo war.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, In Sri Lanka battles along the northern front lines left 21 rebels and five soldiers dead.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, In Suriname a twin-engine Antonov-AN28, operated by Surinamese carrier Blue Wing airlines, crashed on approach to an airstrip in the Benzdorp mining region, near the country's border with French Guiana. All 19 aboard were killed. Blue Wing, which has operated since 2002, was barred from landing at European airports in June 2006 after French aviation officials found safety deficiencies during an inspection of planes. The airline was removed from the blacklist in 2007 after a commission said the company had resolved the issues.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, In Tibet Wang Xiangming, the deputy Communist Party secretary of Lhasa, said 800 had been arrested in local violence, while another 280 had surrendered to take advantage of a police offer of leniency. New violence broke out in a volatile Tibetan region of western China, leaving eight people dead. Chinese police opened fire during a "riot" in a Tibetan populated area of southwest China.
    (AP, 4/3/08)(AP, 4/4/08)(AFP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 3, A group of about 200 Uighur Muslims demonstrated against China before the Olympic torch ceremony near Istanbul's Blue Mosque, one of Turkey's most famous tourist destinations.
    (AP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, Zimbabwe's ruling party geared up for a final battle to keep Robert Mugabe in power, saying it was ready for a presidential election run-off with opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai.
    (AFP, 4/3/08)
2008        Apr 3, President Hugo Chavez ordered the nationalization of Venezuela's cement industry, saying his government cannot allow businesses to continue exporting raw materials needed to help tackle a domestic housing shortage.
    (AP, 4/4/08)

2009        Apr 3, US administration officials said Pres. Obama planned to lift some curbs on travel to Cuba, including a ban on family travel and remittances to Cuba.
    (WSJ, 4/4/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 3, The regulator of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac released a letter disclosing bonus awards of more than $210 million through next year to more than 7,600 employees.
    (SFC, 4/4/09, p.C1)
2009        Apr 3, Hassan Abu-Jihaad, a former US Navy sailor, was sentenced to 10 years in prison for giving details of ship movements in 2001 to operators of a Web site in London that openly espoused violent jihad against the US.
    (SFC, 4/4/09, p.A6)
2009        Apr 3, The Iowa Supreme Court issued a unanimous ruling finding that the state's same-sex marriage ban violates the constitutional rights of gay and lesbian couples, making Iowa the third state where gay marriage is legal.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, In Binghampton, NY, Jiverly Wong (41) barricaded the back door of a community center with his car and then opened fire on a room full of immigrants taking a citizenship class, killing 13 people before apparently committing suicide. Officials the next day said the man, believed to be Vietnamese immigrant, was depressed and angry over losing his job and about his poor English skills.
    (AP, 4/3/09)(AP, 4/4/09)(SSFC, 4/5/09, p.A15)
2009        Apr 3, Australia endorsed a UN declaration that recognizes indigenous rights, reversing years of opposition and promising a new era in relations between white Australians and the nation's impoverished Aborigines. Australia was one of four nations that voted against the declaration when it was adopted by the General Assembly in 2007.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, Cambodian and Thai soldiers traded fire with machine guns and rocket launchers along a disputed border, killing as many as four people in an escalation of tensions in a long-standing feud over an 11th century temple.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, NATO began its 2-day 60th anniversary summit in France and Germany.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, In France US Pres. Obama won enthusiastic support for his new Afghan war strategy from French Pres. Nicolas Sarkozy, who pledged more police trainers and civilian aid.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, In Iraq an American soldier died of noncombat-related causes in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/4/09)
2009        Apr 3, Israeli police interrogated the country's new hard-line foreign minister for the 2nd straight day in an ongoing bribery investigation that could make his tenure short-lived. Avigdor Lieberman was questioned for five hours about an investigation involving suspicions of receiving bribes, money laundering and breach of trust.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, A Malawi judge rejected Madonna's request to adopt a second child from Malawi even though the country's child welfare minister had supported Madonna's application to raise the 3-year-old girl.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, Malaysian PM Najib Razak, in his first act after talking office, freed 13 people being held under a law that allows indefinite detention and lifted a ban on two opposition newspapers.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, In Mexico Alberto Rayas Rodriguez (37), the chief homicide detective in western Jalisco state, was killed while on his way to a government event when gunmen on a motorcycle opened fire on his car.
    (AP, 4/5/09)
2009        Apr 3, In Nigeria a source close to negotiations said Pfizer has agreed to pay $75 million compensation over a 1996 drug trial that caused the death of 11 children in northern Nigeria. Kano state confirmed the settlement on May 14.
    (AFP, 4/3/09)(AP, 5/14/09)
2009        Apr 3, The Philippines said it will take needed steps to be stricken from a list of four nations blacklisted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development as uncooperative tax havens.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, Sri Lankan troops captured Anandapuram, a key village from the Tamil Tigers, after heavy fighting that left at least 44 guerrillas dead. Police commandos killed 13 Tiger rebels in the eastern district of Ampara.
    (AFP, 4/3/09)   
2009        Apr 3, The Swiss central bank said UBS has transferred its final installment of toxic assets to a special state aid fund, bringing the total to 38.7 billion dollars.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, A Thai citizen was sentenced to 10 years in prison on charges of insulting the king and his family by posting edited photos of the monarchy on the Internet.
    (AP, 4/3/09)
2009        Apr 3, The UN appointed Richard Goldstone, former chief prosecutor for war crimes in Yugoslavia and Rwanda, to lead a mission to investigate alleged war crimes committed by Israel in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 4/4/09, p.A2)
2009        Apr 3, In Venezuela 3 of the capital’s former police chiefs were sentenced to 30 years in prison. They were accused without evidence of complicity in the murder of several supporters of Pres. Chavez, who died during a coup attempt in 2002.
    (Econ, 4/11/09, p.36)
2009        Apr 3, The global diamond certification body ordered a ban on trade in diamonds from eastern Zimbabwe over concerns about human rights violations.
    (AP, 4/3/09)

2010        Apr 3, In Portland, Maine, about two dozen women drew a crowd of onlookers when they shed their shirts and marched downtown to promote what they call equal-opportunity public toplessness.
    (AP, 4/5/10)
2010        Apr 3, Apple Inc. began selling its much-anticipated iPad, drawing eager customers intent on being among the first owners of a tablet-style device that the company is hoping to convince more people they actually need. Some 300,000 iPads were sold the first day.
    (AP, 4/3/10)(SFC, 4/6/10, p.D1)
2010        Apr 3, In Los Angeles Nerse Arthur Galstyan (28), an Armenian national killed, 4 people in a restaurant following a dispute and escaped the scene.
    (SFC, 4/10/10, p.A4)
2010        Apr 3, The upper house of Afghanistan's parliament backed a decree by President Hamid Karzai that limits foreigners' role in elections, giving him a victory in a dispute that has led to a quarrel with the White House.
    (Reuters, 4/3/10)
2010        Apr 3, Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd announced the country’s first population minister, citing concerns about sustainability as the number of people is tipped to balloon within decades.
    (AFP, 4/3/10)
2010        Apr 3, The 230-meter (754-ft) Shen Neng I, a bulk coal carrier, was on its way to China when it ran aground on a shoal off offshore from the Australian city of Rockhampton. Australian government officials said the stranded ship was leaking oil into the sea and is in danger of breaking up and damaging the Great Barrier Reef. The ship was refloated on April 12.
    (Reuters, 4/4/10)(AP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 3, In Dagestan 3 militants there opened fire on police in a drive-by shooting, killing one and injuring another.
    (AP, 4/3/10)
2010        Apr 3, In Egypt police arrested Ahmed Mahanna, owner of Dawin publishing, and confiscated copies of "ElBaradei and the Dream of a Green Revolution," a book calling for political change and lauding the former head of the UN nuclear agency, Mohammed ElBaradei.
    (AP, 4/4/10)
2010        Apr 3, Gunmen in Iraqi military uniforms raided a village outside Baghdad and killed at least 24 people in an execution-style attack, apparently targeting a Sunni group that revolted against al-Qaida and helped turn the tide of the Iraq war.
    (AP, 4/3/10)
2010        Apr 3, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon repeatedly criticized Kyrgyzstan for human rights problems, a strong rebuke to the country once regarded as former Soviet Central Asia's "island of democracy."
    (AP, 4/3/10)
2010        Apr 3, In Mexico 13 members of a family were traveling in a vehicle in an area where the Defense Department said soldiers were pursing a convoy of gunmen in the northern state of Tamaulipas. 2 boys were killed by soldiers. The army later said the family got caught in crossfire during the confrontation, in which five other members of the family were wounded. In June Mexico's National Human Rights Commission said soldiers apparently altered the crime scene to try to blame the deaths on drug cartel gunmen.
    (AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Apr 3, It was reported that some 4.5 million animals in Mongolia had perished over the last 3 months. A dry summer in 2009 followed by low temperatures and a heavy snow cover, a phenomenon called the zud, afflicted 19 of the countries 21 provinces.
    (Econ, 4/3/10, p.44)
2010        Apr 3, In Nigeria at least two people were killed when police fired live rounds to disperse a group of protesting youths in a suburb of Lagos.
    (AFP, 4/4/10)
2010        Apr 3, Pakistani troops fought gunbattles and bombed militant hide-outs in a Taliban stronghold near the Afghan border, leaving six soldiers and 30 militants dead.
    (AP, 4/3/10)
2010        Apr 3, In Somalia at least 13 people were killed in overnight fighting in Mogadishu. Hizbul Islam's Moalim Hashi Mohamed Farah ordered radio stations to stop broadcasting music and said he has invited foreign fighters to the Horn of Africa nation.
    (AP, 4/3/10)(AP, 4/4/10)
2010        Apr 3, In South Africa Eugene Terreblanche (69), the leader of a white supremacist group, was attacked and killed by a 21-year-old man and a 15-year-old boy who worked for him on his farm outside Ventersdorp, about 110 km (68 miles) northwest of Johannesburg, following a dispute over pay. The alleged attackers were arrested and charged with murder.
    (AP, 4/4/10)
2010        Apr 3, In Thailand tens of thousands of protesters swarmed Bangkok's tourist heartland, defying a warning to leave or face arrest.
    (AFP, 4/3/10)

2011        Apr 3, In Afghanistan demonstrators battled police in Kandahar city, where an officer was shot dead. Demonstrators also took to the streets of Jalalabad for the first time as Western pleas failed to halt a third day of rage over a Florida pastor's burning of the Quran. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack in the east.
    (AP, 4/3/11)(AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Afghanistan Lance Cpl. Harry Lew shot himself following hazing by fellow Marines. 3 Marines were later accused of hazing Lew. In 2012 lance Cpl. Jacob Jacoby was sentenced to 30 days in jail and reduction in rank. Two others faced trial.
    (SFC, 2/2/12, p.A6)
2011        Apr 3, Bahraini authorities banned Al-Wasat, the country's main opposition newspaper, in a widening effort to muzzle anti-government media and crackdown on the Shiite opposition in this Sunni-ruled Gulf nation. The Information Ministry agreed to allow the newspaper to resume publishing on April 4 after its editor-in-chief and two other top editors stepped down.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, Bangladeshi security officials opened fire and used tear gas to disperse stone-throwing members of a hardline Islamic group protesting a government policy for women's equal right to inheritance, leaving one protester dead and 25 others injured.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, Chinese police in Beijing detained outspoken Chinese artist and social critic Ai Weiwei preventing him from taking a flight to Hong Kong. He helped design Beijing's famed "Bird's Nest" Olympic stadium but has since irritated the Communist Party government with his activism. On April 7 China confirmed that it has Weiwei, but insisted his case involves "economic crimes" and not human rights. 
    (AFP, 4/4/11)(SFC, 4/4/11, p.A2)(AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Colombia Walid Makled, the reputed Venezuelan drug kingpin who Colombia has decided to extradite back home rather than to the US, said in a TV interview that he has videos proving Venezuela's ruling elite is deeply involved in cocaine trafficking.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Egypt gunmen abducted Zeina Effat Sadat (12) the grandniece of the late leader Anwar Sadat, in the upscale Cairo suburb of Heliopolis. They released her nearly 24 hours later for 5 million pounds (about $840,000) in ransom on the desert road from Cairo to the Mediterranean city of Alexandria. Police on April 4 arrested six men for their alleged part in the kidnapping. A briefcase with 2 million pounds (about $340,000) was found on the men.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, The French air accident investigation agency BEA said that a team aboard the expedition ship Alucia using underwater robots "has located pieces of an aircraft ... in the past 24 hours." Air France Flight 447 slammed into the ocean June 1, 2009, after running into an intense high-altitude thunderstorm.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, In India 15 female fetuses were found in jars left on a rubbish dump near a private nursing home in Kishanganj town, Bihar state. Recent census data showed the ratio of girls to boys is at the nation's lowest level since 1947.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, Indonesian authorities arrested a Filipino woman, coming from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, with more than two pounds (one kg) of heroin at the Adi Sumarmo Airport in Solo. She was allegedly paid $8,000 by an international drug syndicate to carry the heroin.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 3, An Iranian news agency said four officers were killed in an attack on a police station near the Kurdish town of Marivan close to the Iraqi border.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, Israel demanded that the United Nations bin a report critical of its deadly 2008-2009 offensive on Gaza after the author, South African judge Richard Goldstone, said he had been wrong to say it had targeted civilians.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, Workers at Japan's crippled Fukushima nuclear plant struggled to stop a radioactive water leak into the Pacific, as the government warned the facility may spread contamination for months. TEPCO workers used a polymer and even newspapers to try to close off pipes through which the water has flowed into a cracked concrete pit, from where it has run into the sea. An earlier attempt to seal the crack with cement failed to stop the leak.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, Kazakhstan held elections. A heavy turnout looked set to overwhelmingly reaffirm the domination President Nursultan Nazarbayev (70). Provisional figures the next day showed Nazarbayev with 95% of the vote. Opposition politicians had called for a boycott and described the election as a sham.
    (AP, 4/3/11)(SFC, 4/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 3, In northern Iraq an American soldier died in a non-combat incident.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, Libyan rebels put their best troops in to battle Muammar Gaddafi's forces for the eastern oil town of Brega while Western warplanes flew overhead and the sound of explosions ripped through the air. At least one person was killed and several wounded when forces loyal to Gaddafi shelled a building in the rebel-held city of Misrata. Libyan Deputy Foreign Minister Abdelati Obeidi was reported to have crossed from Libya into neighboring Tunisia and from there flown to Athens.
    (AP, 4/3/11)(Reuters, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Mexico municipal police officers on a routine patrol in El Higo, Veracruz state ran into at least 20 gunmen on a dirt road and a firefight erupted. 6 officers, including one woman, died of gunshot wounds in the battle.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 3, Dutch marines killed 2 pirates and captured 16 others during an operation to free a hijacked Iranian fishing boat of Somalia.
    (www.dailybulletin.com/ci_17767176)
2011        Apr 3, Nigeria’s electoral commission postponed the legislative vote to April 9.
    (SFC, 4/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 3, Omani authorities said they have released 57 people arrested in crackdowns against pro-reform protesters.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 3, In eastern Pakistan blasts at a Sufi shrine left at least 44 people dead and some 100 wounded. Police said the blasts in Dera Ghazi Khan were caused by 2 suicide bombers. An unrepentant boy (14) was captured after his explosives failed to detonate. The boy's arm was later amputated as a result of injuries he sustained after he was shot by a guard.
    (AFP, 4/3/11)(AP, 4/4/11)(AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 3, In Somalia pro-government forces reportedly captured Dobley town near Kenya from al-Qaida-linked militants after hours of fighting.
    (AP, 4/3/11) 
2011        Apr 3, Syrian President Bashar Assad appointed Adel Safar (58), a former agriculture minister, to form a new government. This was part of a series of overtures toward reform as the country faced a wave of anti-government protests.
    (AP, 4/3/11)    
2011        Apr 3, In southern Yemen thousands of people took to the streets to demand that their president step down. Police attacked the demonstrators with tear gas, batons and bullets. Police killed one anti-government demonstrator in Taez and wounded scores more. 13 people were shot and wounded in Hudaydah, as police clashed with thousands of demonstrators marching on the Red Sea city's main local government building.
    (AP, 4/3/11)(AFP, 4/4/11)

2012        Apr 3, American regulators finalized a rule enabling them to expand the designation of “systematically important" institutions to non-banks.
    (Econ, 4/14/12, p.84)
2012        Apr 3, US federal prosecutors said WellCare Health Plans Inc. of Tampa, Florida, has agreed to pay $137.5 million to settle 4 lawsuits involving fraudulent Medicare and Medicaid claims in 9 states.
    (SFC, 4/4/12, p.A6)
2012        Apr 3, A US rocket carrying a top-secret payload for the National Reconnaissance Office blasted off from California’s Vandenberg Air Force Base.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 3, Mitt Romney swept Republican primaries in Maryland (47%), Wisconsin (42%) and Washington, DC (70%).
    (SFC, 4/4/12, p.A6)
2012        Apr 3, Police at California’s Santa Monica College pepper-sprayed as many as 30 demonstrators after students angry over a plan to offer high-priced courses tried to push their way into a trustees meeting.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 3, San Francisco’s treasurer ruled that Airbnb, an online home rental service, and other companies like it are responsible for paying the city’s hotel tax.
    (SFC, 4/4/12, p.C1)
2012        Apr 3, About a dozen tornadoes rumbled across the Dallas-Fort Worth metro area, leveling homes and tossing big-rigs around like toy trucks.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 3, US Internet giant Google started building one of its three planned data centers in Asia to meet fast growing online demand from the region. A ceremony was held to begin work on the $300 million, 15 hectare (37 acre) site in Changhua county, western Taiwan.
    (AFP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, In Argentina Analia Bouter was informed that her baby was stillborn in a hospital in Resistencia. She fell to her knees in shock after finding her baby alive in a coffin in the morgue nearly 12 hours after the girl had been declared dead. The baby was born 3 months premature and suffered from sepsis and convulsions with signs of neurological damage.
    (AP, 4/11/12)(SFC, 4/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 3, James Murdoch, under pressure over his role in Britain's tabloid phone hacking scandal, stepped down as chairman of British Sky Broadcasting PLC (BSkyB).
    (AP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, In Afghanistan two police officers were killed when their vehicle ran over a roadside bomb in Shah Wali Kot district of Kandahar province. Two NATO service members were reported killed in the east. One died in a roadside bombing, and the other died as a result of a non-battle related injury.
    (AP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, Argentine human rights secretary Eduardo Luis Duhalde (72) died in Buenos Aires. He was a prominent voice in denouncing abuses during the country's military dictatorship in the 1970s and 80s. His writings included 24 books, and dealt with human rights issues as well as history.
    (AP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, An Australian court found Google Inc. guilty of breaching trade law by posting misleading or deceptive advertisements in a ruling that holds search engines responsible for their advertisers' content.
    (AP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, The European Commission prohibited Conviasa, Venezuela’s state airline, from flying into the EU due to safety concerns. Venezuela called the decision unfair.
    (SFC, 4/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 3, In France preliminary charges were filed against 13 people who were picked up in a sweep last week, all members of a banned group, Forsane Alizza, or Knights of Pride. Those charged were reportedly calling for Muslim Sharia law to be implemented in France.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 3, Richard Descoings (53), director of one of France’s top colleges, was found dead in NYC where he was on an official visit. He pioneered efforts to open elitist schools to the underprivileged and bring in foreign students.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 3, International watchdog Transparency International said petty corruption in the public sector is still costing Greeks millions of euros (dollars) a year, even though the country's financial crisis has led to a reduction in the size of bribes.
    (AP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, In Guatemala leading drug trafficker Horst Walther Overdick (44) was arrested and faced extradition to the United States. He helped Mexico's brutal Zetas drug cartel expand into Guatemala.
    (AP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, Guyana said it is launching a national debate on whether to eliminate its death penalty and overhaul laws that discriminate against gays, lesbians and transgender people.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 3, Dozens of Jewish settlers ignored a deadline to evacuate an illegally occupied West Bank house in Hebron, as the government remained silent on whether they would be allowed to stay.
    (AP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, In Japan a typhoon-strength storm brought travel chaos to the country, as violent winds and rain left least 4 people dead and tens of thousands stranded.
    (AFP, 4/3/12)(AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 3, In northern Mali radical Islamists tightened their grip, ordering women to wear veils in Timbuktu, as the nation's junta began to feel the bite of sanctions following its coup. Three of the four leaders of Al-Qaeda's north Africa branch, known as Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), were in Timbuktu. Tuareg rebels were seen near the central town of Mopti.
    (AFP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, In Nigeria a gas leak occurred during the drilling of a new well in Rivers state, forcing Total to shut down the Obite gas plant. A snubbing intervention started on May 9.
    (AFP, 5/13/12)
2012        Apr 3, In northern Pakistan at least 14 people were killed and more than 50 wounded in sectarian violence, prompting the government to deploy troops and impose a curfew in the towns of Gilgit and Chilas.
    (AFP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, The Palestinian Authority government in the West Bank agreed to supply Gaza with fuel purchased from Israel for so long as the Hamas-controlled Gaza electricity authority pays for it.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 3, In Puerto Rico Santeria leader Orlando Robles Ortiz was among dozens of suspects arrested for helping run an organization that allegedly smuggled drugs bound for the US and rigged Puerto Rico's lottery system to launder money.
    (AP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, Russia's Foreign Ministry announced that the Syrian government said it has begun implementing a UN envoy Kofi Annan’s peace plan that requires it to withdraw its forces from towns and cities within a week.
    (AP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, In Russia a blaze at Moscow’s Kachalovsky market killed 17 migrant workers who were unable to escape from the metal shed where they were sleeping. All were citizens of former Soviet nations in Central Asia.
    (AP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, Senegal's new President Macky Sall named ex-banker Abdoul Mbaye (59) as his prime minister and vowed his team would serve the public good.
    (AFP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, In Sudan’s North Darfur region aerial bombardments and pro-government militia attacked areas around Sortony, forcing thousands of civilians to flee.
    (Econ, 4/14/12, p.57)
2012        Apr 3, Syrian opposition groups reported army raid and arrest campaigns across the country as well as clashes with local rebels. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said two civilians were killed in clashes in the northern village of Taftanaz, where rebel destroyed one army vehicle and regime forces torched a number of homes. The International Committee of the Red Cross pressed Syria to give aid workers access to civilians endangered by shelling and armed clashes. Assaults and clashes killed across the country killed at least 80 people.
    (AP, 4/3/12)(AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 3, Thailand censors banned a Thai film based on William Shakespeare's "Macbeth", saying the tale could sow "disunity" in the politically divided kingdom.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 3, Togo's President Faure Gnassingbe received the first part of a report by Togo's Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission, charged with investigating political violence between 1958 and 2005. Gnassingbe begged for pardon from victims of political violence committed in the country between 1958 and 2005, part of which covered the period his father ruled (1967-2005).
    (AFP, 4/3/12)
2012        Apr 3, Yemen said its armed forces have killed 38 suspected members of Al-Qaeda in two days of air raids and shelling of their hideouts in Huroor in the country's south.
    (AFP, 4/3/12)

2013        Apr 3, The United States said it will soon send a missile defense system to Guam to defend it from North Korea, as the US military adjusts to what US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel described as a "real and clear danger" from Pyongyang.
    (Reuters, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, In West Virginia Mingo County Sheriff Eugene Crum, known for cracking down on the drug trade in the local coal fields, was shot and killed. Suspect Tennis Melvin Maynard (37) was hospitalized for gunshot wounds.
    (SFC, 4/4/13, p.A6)
2013        Apr 3, Ruth Jhabvala (85), novelist and screenwriter, died at her home in Manhattan. Her work included 19 novels and short-story collections and two Oscars for her work on the films “A Room With a View" and “Howard’s End." Her novel “Heat and Dust" (1975) won Britain’s Booker Prize (1975).
    (SFC, 4/4/13, p.D5)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.94)
2013        Apr 3, In western Afghanistan 55 people, including 9 attackers, were killed in a daylong gunbattle with security forces in Farah province. A NATO airstrike killed 4 policemen and 2 civilians in Ghazni province. An American F-16 fighter jet crashed in eastern Afghanistan, killing the US pilot.
    (AP, 4/3/13)(AP, 4/4/13)
2013        Apr 3, In Argentina at least 57 people were killed by flooding overnight in Buenos Aires province.
    (AP, 4/3/13)(AP, 4/4/13)
2013        Apr 3, British regulator Ofgem said Utility SSE has been fined 10.5 million pounds for mis-selling, the largest fine the regulator has ever imposed on an energy supplier.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd suffered its second oil spill in a week, but said just four barrels of light crude leaked from tanker cars in a morning derailment in a remote area of northern Ontario. BP’s estimate of the spill was raised the next day to 400 barrels.
    (Reuters, 4/3/13)(Reuters, 4/4/13)
2013        Apr 3, An Egyptian court ruled against the extradition to Libya of Ahmed Qaddaf al-Dam, a former close aide of Moammar Gadhafi. Al-Dam had coordinated relations between Libya and Egypt for decades.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, A Greek court convicted five people on terrorism-related charges rel    ated to a militant anarchist group which claimed responsibility for a string of bombings over six years (2003-2009) and fired a rocket-propelled grenade into the US Embassy in Athens but caused no deaths. Nikos Maziotis and his wife Panagiota Roupa, were convicted in absentia.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, George Corvington (88), a prominent Haitian historian, died in Port-au-Prince. His 8-volume, French-language "Port-au-Prince Through the Ages" chronicled the political and social history of Port-au-Prince, from its founding under French colonial rule in 1749 to the departure of President Paul Magloire in 1956.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, In Iraq gunmen shot dead Yousef Sayhoud, a member of an anti-al-Qaida Sunni militia, along with his mother in the suburb of Abu Ghraib west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/3/13)   
2013        Apr 3, Italy's anti-Mafia investigators said they have seized a record €1.3 billion ($1.7 billion) in cash and property from  Vito Nicastri (57) for tax fraud. The Sicilian alternative energy entrepreneur was alleged to have close ties to the Mafia.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, Malaysia's PM Najib Razak dissolved Parliament to call for general elections that will pit a coalition that has ruled for nearly 57 years against a resurgent opposition whose pledge to form a cleaner government has resonated with millions of citizens.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, In central Nigeria 18 people were killed in a head-on collision between two buses near Gwagwalada, a town outside of Abuja.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, North Korea barred South Korean workers from entering a jointly run factory park just over the heavily armed border in the North.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, Palestinian militants launched several rockets into southern Israel, as Israeli aircraft struck targets in the Gaza Strip in the heaviest exchange of fire between the sides since they agreed to an internationally brokered cease-fire in November. Israeli forces shot and killed a teenage Palestinian protester during a clash in the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, Samoa Air planned to start pricing its first international flights based on the weight of its passengers and their bags. Depending on the flight, each kg (2.2 pounds) would cost 93 cents to $1.06. The new airline was launched last June.
    (AP, 4/4/13)
2013        Apr 3, Spain's Princess Cristina (47), daughter of King Juan Carlos, was charged in a corruption inquiry amid evidence that she was an accomplice to her husband, Inaki Urdangarin, who has been accused of tax fraud and embezzling 6 million euros in public funds when he headed a charitable foundation.
    (Reuters, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, In Syria rebels captured a southern military base on the outskirts of the city of Daraa in the latest advance by opposition fighters near the strategic border area with Jordan.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, a Syrian jet fired a missile that slammed into a house on the outskirts of the Lebanese border town of Arsal.
    (AP, 4/3/13)
2013        Apr 3, Uganda's top military official said African troops in Central African Republic have suspended the hunt for the fugitive warlord Joseph Kony because the new government there is not cooperating with the mission.
    (AP, 4/3/13)

2014        Apr 3, President Barack Obama signed a decree authorizing punitive sanctions, such as seizure of assets and visa bans, against anyone in South Sudan deemed to be threatening peace efforts, targeting UN peacekeeping forces and violating human rights.
    (AFP, 4/11/14)
2014        Apr 3, It was reported that the US government masterminded the creation of a "Cuban Twitter" — a communications network designed to undermine the Cuba’s communist government, built with secret shell companies and financed through foreign banks. The project, dubbed "ZunZuneo," slang for a Cuban hummingbird's tweet, was publicly launched soon after Cuba’s 2009 arrest of US contractor Alan Gross.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Mississippi Gov. Phil Bryant signed the Mississippi Religious Freedom Restoration Act. It banned the state government from limiting the free practice of religion effective July 1.
    (SFC, 4/26/14, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/lf9kcnu)
2014        Apr 3, Frank Janssen, the father of a North Carolina prosecutor, was kidnapped from his home in Wake Forest. He was held for five days in Atlanta before being rescued by the FBI. Seven people were soon arrested in the case. Janssen’s daughter had prosecuted a high-ranking member of the Bloods street gang.
    (SFC, 4/22/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 3, The state of Texas executed Tommy Lynn Sells after the US Supreme Court refused to issue an 11th hour stay to allow lawyers time to investigate the source and quality of the lethal drugs used put their client to death. Mr. Sells was on death row for 13 years following his conviction for killing a 13-year-old Texas girl on New Year’s Eve 1999.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Texas-based Anadarko Petroleum said it has agreed to pay the US government over $5.1 billion to thousands of sites polluted by toxins and compensate thousands of personal-injury claimants. The case originated with claims against Kerr-McGee, an Oklahoma energy company that went bankrupt and was bought by Anadarko nearly a decade ago.
    (SFC, 4/4/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 3, In Australia a large shark killed Christine Armstrong (63) near her terrified husband and friends as they took their daily morning swim off a popular east coast beach near the village of Tathra.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II paid a private call on Pope Francis at the Vatican, making him the fifth pontiff she has met.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, In Cambodia 118 employees passed out at work at the Shen Zhou and Daqian Textile factories in Phnom Penh.
    (Reuters, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Chadian officials said they are withdrawing their peacekeepers from the regional mission in Central African Republic.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, The European Parliament voted to stop Internet providers from charging for preferential access to their networks, a step cheered by consumer groups but bemoaned by the telecommunications industry.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, The European Space Agency launched its Sentinel 1A satellite on a Russian Soyuz rocket from French Guiana. It was the first of six satellites for a new system designed to better monitor climate change, environmental disasters and catastrophes like floods, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
    (AP, 4/3/14)(SFC, 4/5/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 3, Germany’s Deutsche Post said it is no longer accepting letters bound for Crimea after its Ukrainian counterpart told the Geneva-based Universal Postal Union (UPU) that delivery to the region was no longer guaranteed.
    (Reuters, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Former Guinea Bissau President Kumba Yala (61) died. He had ruled the West African nation from 2000 to 2003.
    (Reuters, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 3, In Iraq fighting between government troops and al-Qaida-inspired militants killed 40 gunmen and an army officer near Baghdad, as attacks continued elsewhere in the country ahead of elections this month.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Italian police arrested Nicola Cosentino, a former member of Silvio Berlusconi's government, accusing him of colluding with the mafia to quash competition against his family's petrol distribution business near Naples. Twelve others were also arrested on suspicion of extortion and unfair competitive practices.
    (Reuters, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Liberia said it was dealing with its first suspected Ebola case thought to be unconnected to the epidemic raging in Guinea and to have originated separately within its borders. The fruit bat, thought to be the host of the highly contagious Ebola virus, is a delicacy in the region straddling Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, and experts suspect huntsmen may be the source of the outbreak.
    (AFP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Nigerian troops reportedly killed 32 Fulani tribesmen in the Keana local government area central Nasarawa state. Defense officials denied the charge.
    (AFP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 3, Nigeria’s Nollywood was reported to knock out some 2,000 titles a year, making it the third-largest earner in the movie world, after Bollywood and Hollywood. The $250-million industry employed more than a million people.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Pakistan freed at least 16 Taliban prisoners with the approval of PM Nawaz Sharif, in a move designed to invigorate a shaky peace process with the militant group.
    (Reuters, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Russia’s gas giant Gazprom urged Ukraine to pay its debt, and announced a 70 percent rise in the charge for future supplies.
    (AP, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, In the Solomon Islands the Mataniko River in the capital, Honiara, burst its banks and flooded low-lying settlements alongside the river. The flash floods killed 14 people and left thousands more homeless.
    (AP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 3, In Syria mortar fire killed at least six children in a suburb of Damascus.  22 opposition fighters were killed in the army's bombardment of Mleiha east of Damascus.
    (AP, 4/3/14)(AFP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 3, The number of Syrian refugees who have fled to Lebanon officially topped 1 million.
    (Reuters, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Turkey's telecoms authority lifted a two-week-old ban on Twitter, after the constitutional court ruled the block breached freedom of expression.
    (Reuters, 4/3/14)
2014        Apr 3, Ugandan police in Kampala raided the offices of a US-funded project known to offer AIDS services to homosexuals, in what appeared to be the first public action by police to enforce a new law that strengthened criminal penalties against gay sex.
    (AP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 3, Ukraine authorities said that they have detained several members of an elite riot police unit on suspicion of shooting protesters during bloody anti-government clashes in February that left more than 100 dead. The interim government has said former Pres. Yanukovych ordered snipers to be deployed, a charge Yanukovych has denied.
    (AP, 4/3/14)

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