Today in History - April 4

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188        Apr 4, Caracalla, [Marcus Aurelius Antonius], well-bathed Roman emperor (211-217), was born.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

527        Apr 4, In Constantinople, Justin, seriously ill, crowned his nephew Justinian as his co-emperor.
    (HN, 4/4/99)

896        Apr 4, Pope Formosus died. His body was exhumed by his successor in the Cadaver Synod. He was then put on trial for perjury, found guilty and dumped in the Tiber River.
    (PTA, 1980, p.224)(WSJ, 6/27/01, p.A14)

1406        Apr 4, Robert III, King of Scotland (1390-1406), died.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1460        Apr 4, University of Basle, Switzerland, formed.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1541        Apr 4, Ignatius Loyola, Spanish ecclesiastic, was elected 1st superior-general of the Jesuits.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.16)(MC, 4/4/02)
   
1581        Apr 4, Frances Drake completed the circumnavigation of the world and was made a knight.
    (HN, 4/4/98)(MC, 4/4/02)

1589        Apr 4, Benedict of Palermo (b.1524), born in Sicily to Ethiopian slaves, died. He was freed at birth and became known for his charity. Invited as a young man to join a Franciscan hermit group, he became the leader. He was beatified by Pope Benedict XIV in 1743 and canonized in 1807 by Pope Pius VII.
    (Econ, 2/23/13, p.82)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benedict_the_Moor)

1604        Apr 4, Thomas Churchyard, poet, pamphleteer, died.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1617        Apr 4, John Napier, Scottish mathematician, inventor (logarithms), died.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1655        Apr 4, Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet licked Barbarian pirates.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1664        Apr 4, Adam Willaerts, Dutch seascape painter, died.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1686        Apr 4, English king James II published a Declaration of Indulgence.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1687        Apr 4, King James II ordered his Declaration of Indulgence read in church.
    (http://www.everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1327117)

1716        Apr 4, John Evangelist Schreiber, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1752        Apr 4, Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli, composer (Andromeda), was born.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1774        Apr 4, Oliver Goldsmith, Irish poet (She Stoops to Conquer), died.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1780        Apr 4, Edward Hicks (d.1849), Quaker preacher and painter, was born. His work included over 60 paintings that were all titled “The Peaceable Kingdom.’
    (WSJ, 11/16/99, p.A28)(SFC, 9/25/00, p.F1)(HN, 4/4/01)

1788        Apr 4, Last of the Federalist essays was published. The series of 85 letters were written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay urging ratification of the US Constitution. Defects in the Articles of Confederation became apparent, such as the lack of central authority over foreign and domestic commerce and the inability of Congress to levy taxes, leading Congress to endorse a plan to draft a new constitution.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1792        Apr 4, American abolitionist Thaddeus Stevens, U.S. Radical Republican congressional leader, was born in Danville, Vt.
    (AP, 4/4/98)(HN, 4/4/98)

1802        Apr 4, Dorothea Dix, American proponent of treatment of mental inmates, was born.
    (HN, 4/4/98)

1806        Apr 4, Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer (84), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1807        Apr 4, Joseph Jerome Le Francaise de Lalande, French astronomer, died.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1812        Apr 4, The territory of Orleans became the 18th state and later became known as Louisiana.
    (HN, 4/4/99)

1814        Apr 4, Napoleon Bonaparte first abdicated at Fontainebleau. He was allowed to keep the title of emperor. [see Apr 11]
    (www.napoleonseries.org/reference/political/legislation/restoration.cfm)

1818        Apr 4, Congress decided the flag of the United States would consist of 13 red and white stripes and 20 stars, with a new star to be added for every new state of the Union.
    (AP, 4/4/97) (HN, 4/4/98)

1821        Apr 4, Linus Yale, American portrait painter and inventor of the Yale lock, was born.
    (HN, 4/4/01)(MC, 4/4/02)

1823        Apr 4, Karl Wilhelm Siemens, inventor (laid undersea cables), was born.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1828        Apr 4, Casparus van Wooden patented chocolate milk powder (Amsterdam).
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1832        Apr 4, Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reached Rio de Janeiro.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1841        Apr 4, President William Henry Harrison (68), 9th President of the US, succumbed to pneumonia one month after his inaugural, becoming the first U.S. chief executive to die in office. VP. Tyler assumed office.
    (A&IP, ESM, p.59,96b)(AP, 4/4/97)

1843        Apr 4, Hans Richter, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1844        Apr 4, Charles Bulfinch (80), 1st US professional architect (Mass State House), died.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1850        Apr 4,    The city of Los Angeles was incorporated.
    (AP, 4/4/97)

1859        Apr 4, Giacomo Meyerbeer's Opera "Dinorah" was produced in Paris.
    (MC, 4/4/02)
1859        Apr 4, Knut Hamsun (d.1952), Norwegian writer, was born. He won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1920.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, DB p.47-49)

1862        Apr 4, Battle of Yorktown, Virginia, began as Union gen. George B. McClellan closed in on Richmond. This began the Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond.
    (HN, 4/4/99)(MC, 4/4/02)

1865        Apr 4, Lee's army arrived at the Amelia Courthouse.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1884        Apr 4, Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese Naval commander, was born. He masterminded the attack on Pearl Harbor.
    (HN, 4/4/99)

1887        Apr 4,    Susanna Medora Salter became the first woman elected mayor of an American community -- Argonia, Kan.
    (AP, 4/4/97)

1896        Apr 4, Arthur Murray, ballroom dance instructor, was born.
    (HN, 4/4/01)
1896        Apr 4, Robert Sherwood, playwright, was born.
    (HN, 4/4/01)
1896        Apr 4, Tristan Tzara, [Samuel Rosenfeld] French poet (Approximate Man), was born.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1899        Apr 4, Duke Ellington, bandleader (Take the A Train), was born.
    (HN, 4/4/98)

1900        Apr 4, California pioneer John Bidwell (b.1819), founder of Chico, Ca. died. In 2003 Michael Jerome Gillis and Michael Magliari authored “John Bidwell and California: The Life and Writings of a Pioneer, (1841-1900)."
    (SFC, 4/21/07, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bidwell)
1900        Apr 4, There was an assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, King Edward VII.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1906        Apr 4, John Cameron Swayze, newscaster (Timex, Hindenburg), was born in Wichita, Ks.
    (AP, 4/4/06)

1912        Apr 4, A Chinese republic was proclaimed in Tibet.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1914        Apr 4, Marguerite Duras, French author (The Lover), was born.
    (HN, 4/4/01)
1914        Apr 4, "Perils of Pauline" was shown for 1st time in LA.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1915        Apr 4, Muddy Waters, American blues musician, was born as McKinley Morganfield.
    (HN, 4/4/01)(MC, 4/4/02)

1916        Apr 4, US Senate agreed (82-6) to participate in WW I.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1917        Apr 4, U.S. Senate voted 90-6 to enter World War I on Allied side.
    (HN, 4/4/98)

1918        Apr 4, Battle of Somme, an offensive by the British against the German Army ended.
    (HN, 4/4/99)

1919        Apr 4, Antony Tudor, choreographer (Metropolitan Opera 1957), was born in England.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1920        Apr 4, Arabs attacked Jews in Jerusalem.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1922        Apr 4, Elmer Bernstein, movie music composer (Robot Monster), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1924        Apr 4, Eva Marie Saint, actress (Sandpiper, Loving, Exodus), was born in Newark, NJ.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1928        Apr 4, Maya Angelou (d.2014), American poet and writer, was born.
    (HN, 4/4/98)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.98)

1929        Apr 4, Sigmund Romberg's "New Moon" musical opened in London.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1931        Apr 4, Andre Michelin, CEO (Michelin Tires), died.
    (MC, 4/4/02)
1931        Apr 4, George Whitefield Chadwick (76), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1932        Apr 4, Anthony Perkins, actor (Psycho), was born in NYC.
    (HN, 4/4/01)(MC, 4/4/02)
1932        Apr 4, George Bernard Shaw's "Too True to be Good," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/4/02)
1932        Apr 4, Vitamin C was 1st isolated by C.C. King at the Univ. of Pittsburgh.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1938        Apr 4, Bart Giamatti, baseball commissioner, president of Yale, was born.
    (HN, 4/4/01)

1940        Apr 4, Richard Rodgers' and Lorenz Hart's "Higher & Higher," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1941        Apr 4, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel captured the British held town of Benghazi in North Africa.
    (HN, 4/4/99)

1944        Apr 4, British troops captured Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    (MC, 4/4/02)
1944        Apr 4, De Gaulle formed a new regime in exile with communists.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1945        Apr 4,    U.S. forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany.
    (AP, 4/4/97)
1945        Apr 4, US tanks and infantry conquered Bielefeld.
    (MC, 4/4/02)
1945        Apr 4,    US troops on Okinawa encountered the first significant resistance from Japanese forces at the Machinato Line.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
1945        Apr 4, Hungary was liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day).
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1947        Apr 4, Scientists noted the largest group of sunspots on record.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1948        Apr 4, 84-year-old Connie Mack challenged 78-year-old Clark Griffith to a race from home to 1st base; it ended in a tie.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1949        Apr 4, The (NATO) North Atlantic Treaty Organization pact was signed by the US, Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy, Portugal, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Canada. It provided for mutual defense against aggression and for close military cooperation.
    (www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/official_texts_17120.htm)(TOH, 1982, p.1949)

1956        Apr 4, Enid Bagnold's "Chalk Garden," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/4/02)
1956        Apr 4, Spain relinquished its protectorate to Morocco.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1240)

1957        Apr 4, Heitor Villa-Lobos' 10th Symphony, premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1958        Apr 4, The 1st march against nuclear weapons began in London with a 4-day to the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment close to Aldermaston, England.
    (Econ, 8/16/08, p.56)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aldermaston_Marches)

1960        Apr 4, In the 32nd Academy Awards "Ben-Hur," Charlton Heston and Simone Signoret won.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1968        Apr 4, Civil rights leader Martin Luther King, 39, was assassinated while standing on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tenn. James Earl Ray (d.1998) confessed and pleaded guilty in Mar, 1969, but later tried to recant and said he was a fall guy. In 1993 Lloyd Jowers (d.2000), a Memphis businessman, said on ABC-TV that he had hired King's killer as a favor to an underworld figure who was a friend. Jowers said he received $100,000 from Memphis produce merchant Frank Liberto to arrange King’s murder. In 1997 Ray identified an arms smuggler named "Raoul" as the real killer. In 1998 a former FBI agent produced documents from Ray’s car with the name Raul. In 1999 a civil trial jury in Memphis ruled that the 1968 killing of Rev. Martin Luther King was a conspiracy. The jury concluded that Lloyd Jowers, a former café owner, had conspired with elements of the Memphis Police Dept., the federal government and organized crime to kill King. In 2000 a Justice Dept. report rejected allegations of conspiracy. In 2002 Rev. Ronald Denton Wilson (61) said that his father, Henry Clay Wilson (d.1990), had shot King. In 2003 Stewart Burns authored "To the Mountaintop: Martin Luther King's Sacred Mission to Save America."
    (SF E&C, 1/15/1995, A-15)(WUD, 1994, p.1687)(SFC, 12/26/96, p.A3)(AP, 4/4/97)(SFC, 4/7/97, p.A10)(SFC, 3/25/98, p.A3)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A12)(SFC, 11/23/99, p.A9)(SFC, 12/9/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/10/99, p.A15)(SFC, 5/24/00, p.C5)(SFC, 6/10/00, p.A3)(SFC, 4/4/02, p.A2)(SSFC, 1/11/04, p.M1)
1968        Apr 4, Bobby Kennedy spoke at a black ghetto in Indianapolis just after hearing of the assassination of Martin Luther King. His speech registered the enormity of the event and began the work of healing. Riots over the next few days hit 76 American cities, but Indianapolis remained quiet.
    (Econ, 4/22/06, p.79)
1968        Apr 4, Five days of race riots erupted in Washington, D.C. following assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. Civil unrest affected at least 110 U.S. cities; Washington, along with Chicago and Baltimore, were among the most affected.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1968_Washington,_D.C._riots)

1969        Apr 4, In Houston, Texas, Dr. Denton Cooley implanted the 1st temporary artificial heart.
    (www.nytimes.com/2007/11/27/health/27docs.html)

1971        Apr 4, "Follies" opened at Winter Garden Theater in NYC for 524 performances.
    (MC, 4/4/02)

1972        Apr 4, In further response to the North Vietnamese Easter Offensive, US President Nixon authorized a massive bombing campaign targeting all NVA troops invading South Vietnam along with B-52 air strikes against North Vietnam. "The bastards have never been bombed like they're going to be bombed this time," Nixon privately declares.
    (www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)
1972        Apr 4, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (b.1908), American politician, died in Florida. He was elected to the US House of Representatives from Harlem in 1945 and became chair of the Education and Labor Committee in 1961. He was the first black Congressman from New York.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adam_Clayton_Powell_Jr.)

1973        Apr 4, In NYC ribbon cutting ceremonies were held for World Trade Center, the highest building in the world. The World Trade Center was completed at a cost of $350 million. The twin 110-story towers housed 55,000 employees working for 350 firms. In 2000 Aric Darton authored "Divided We Stand," the story behind the building of the Trade Center; Angus Kress Gillespie authored "Twin Towers," a cultural history that also covered the engineering challenges overcome by architect Minoru Yamasaki.
    {NYC, USA, World Record}
    (www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2008/12/dayintech_1223)(WSJ, 1/18/00, p.A24)(SFC, 9/12/01, p.A6)

1974        Apr 4, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves tied Babe Ruth's home-run record by hitting his 714th round-tripper in Cincinnati.
    (HN, 4/4/98)(AP, 4/4/99)
1974        Apr 4, In England an armed payroll robbery took place at the London Electricity Board (LEB). George Davis (b.1941) was arrested for the robbery and his wife, Rose Davis (d.2009, campaigned for his release. In 1976 the conviction was overturned as unsafe. In Sep 1977 George was again arrested for a bank robbery and Rose promptly divorced him. In 2009 she authored “The Wars of Rosie: Hard Knocks, Endurance and the 'George Davis Is Innocent' Campaign."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Davis_(armed_robber))(Econ, 2/14/09, p.98)

1975        Apr 4, The first group of boat people from Vietnam began arriving in Malaysia. More than 1 million people fled from the close of the war to the early 1980s.
    (SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-9)   
1975        Apr 4, Some 155 people, most of them children, were killed when a U.S. Air Force C-5A transport plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans as part of “Operation Babylift" crashed shortly after takeoff from Saigon.144 adults and 76 babies were killed. There were over 170 survivors.
    (AP, 4/4/97)(SFC, 4/3/00, p.A8)(MC, 4/4/02)

1977        Apr 4, Egyptian Pres Anwar Sadat held his 1st meeting with President Jimmy Carter.
    (www.jimmycarterlibrary.org/documents/diary/1977/d040477t.pdf)

1979        Apr 4, Bechtel Corp. announced that it had won a contract to manage construction of a 115-square-mile airport for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The cost was estimated a $3 billion.
    (SFC, 4/2/04, p.F3)
1979        Apr 4, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (51), the deposed prime minister of Pakistan, was hanged after he was convicted of conspiring to murder a political opponent.
    (AP, 4/4/99)(HN, 4/4/99)

1981        Apr 4,    Henry Cisneros became the first Mexican-American elected mayor of a major U.S. city -- San Antonio, Texas.
    (AP, 4/4/97)

1982        Apr, 4, Dalia Ratnikas was born at San Francisco General Hospital, after wearing out 3 shifts of nurses, to Florence Monzasch and Algis Ratnikas.
    (EW, 4/4/82)

1983        Apr 4,    The space shuttle Challenger roared into orbit on its maiden voyage and the first US female into space was Sally Ride.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1983)(AP, 4/4/97)

1985        Apr 4, Gary Dotson, who served six years of a prison sentence for rape, was freed on bail from the Joliet Correctional Center in Illinois after his accuser, Cathleen Crowell Webb, testified that the attack had never occurred.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
1985        Apr 4, A coup in Sudan ousted President Nimeiry and replaced him with Gen. Dahab.
    (HN, 4/4/99)

1986        Apr 4, In San Francisco an explosion in the Bayview District leveled nearly 3 square block injuring at least 21 people and leaving up to 30 missing.
    (SSFC, 4/3/11, DB p.46)

1987        Apr 4,    During a visit to Chile, Pope John Paul II denounced torture and pleaded for reconciliation.
    (AP, 4/4/97)

1988        Apr 4, The Arizona Senate convicted Gov. Evan Mecham of two charges of official misconduct, and removed him from office. Mecham was the first U.S. governor to be so censured in nearly six decades.
    (AP, 4/4/98)

1989        Apr 4, Democrat Richard M. Daley was elected mayor of Chicago, defeating Republican Edward R. Vrdolyak and independent Timothy C. Evans.
    (AP, 4/4/99)
1989        Apr 4, Censu Tabone (1913-2012) began serving as the 4th president of Malta and continued to 1994.
    (AP, 3/14/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%8Aensu_Tabone)

1990        Apr 4, Secretary of State James Baker met in Washington with his Soviet counterpart, Eduard Shevardnadze, for three days of talks on the Lithuanian crisis and arms control.
    (AP, 4/4/00)
1990        Apr 4, Security law violator Ivan Boesky was released from federal custody.
    (http://www3.cnn.com/almanac/9804/04/)

1991        Apr 4, Pennsylvania Senator John Heinz III, a leading 3-term Republican voice on health and trade policy, and six other people, including two children, were killed when a helicopter collided with Heinz’s plane over a schoolyard in Merion, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Teresa Heinz took his place as head of the family philanthropies. In 1995 she married Sen. John Kerry.
    (SFC, 9/25/99, p.A21)(AP, 4/4/01)(WSJ, 4/16/04, p.A1)
1991        Apr 4, Max Frisch (d.1991), Swiss architect and writer, died. His books included “I’m Not Stiller" (1958), a look at the nature of identity.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Frisch)(WSJ, 4/25/09, p.W8)
1991        Apr 4, In Benin Nicephore Soglo (1991-1996) took office as president. He had defeated Mathieu Kerekou in the country’s first free presidential elections. For the first time in mainland Africa a leader let himself be ousted peacefully.
    (http://people.africadatabase.org/en/person/3534.html)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.20)

1992        Apr 4,    His campaign acknowledged that Bill Clinton had received an induction notice in April 1969 while attending college in Oxford, England; Clinton said the notice arrived after he was due to report, and that his local draft board had told him he could complete the school term.
    (AP, 4/4/97)

1993        Apr 4, President Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin wrapped up their two-day summit in Vancouver, B.C. Clinton extended $1.6 billion in aid; Yeltsin proclaimed the two countries "partners and future allies."
    (AP, 4/4/98)
1993        Apr 4, Alfred Mosher Butts (b.1899), US architect and inventor of the Scrabble game, died.
    (WSJ, 6/28/01, p.B1)(MC, 4/4/02)

1994        Apr 4, The University of Arkansas won the NCAA basketball championship, defeating Duke 76-72.
    (AP, 4/4/99)
1994        Apr 4, On Wall Street, stocks plummeted in violent spasms of selling that sent the Dow industrial down more than 40 points to a six-month low.
    (AP, 4/4/99)
1994        Apr 4, Jim Clark and Marc Andreeson founded Mosaic Communications Corp., the predecessor of Netscape Communications.
    (WSJ, 11/25/98, p.B1)

1995        Apr 4, Francisco Martin Duran, who had raked the White House with semiautomatic rifle fire in October 1994, was convicted in Washington of trying to assassinate President Clinton. Duran was later sentenced to 40 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/4/00)
1995        Apr 4, Sen. Alfonse D'Amato, R-N.Y., used a mock Japanese accent to ridicule O.J. Simpson trial judge Lance Ito on a nationally syndicated radio program. He apologized two days later on the Senate floor.
    (AP, 4/4/00)
1995        Apr 4, Fierce fighting continues in Algeria as Muslim revolutionaries struggle against the military regime in power. It is estimated that over 1,000 people are being killed per month. France backs the military regime who, stopped free elections last year when it was clear that the Muslim fundamentalists were going to win.
    (NPR)
1995        Apr 4, It was reported that Nuclear Matrix Proteins that act as a type of scaffolding for DNA were being used as markers for cancer. They were also thought to help turn genes off and on.
    (WSJ, 4/4/95, B-1)

1996        Apr 4, President Clinton signed legislation severing the link between crop prices and government subsidies.
    (AP, 4/4/97)
1996        Apr 4, The former general manager of Daiwa Bank's New York branch pleaded guilty to aiding a $1.1 billion cover-up.
    (AP, 4/4/97)
1996        Apr 4, US intelligence indicated that Libya was building a chemical weapons plant at Tarhunah, 40 miles southeast of Tripoli. The plant was reportedly designed to replace a plant at Rabta, 55 miles SW of Tripoli, where Libya insists that only pharmaceuticals are produced.
    (SFC, 4/4/96, p.A-3)
1996        Apr 4, X-rays were found coming from the Hyakutake comet by a teams of US and German scientists.
    (SFC, 4/4/96, p.A-10)
1996        Apr 4, In Afghanistan Mohammed Omar unsealed a shrine in Kandahar that held a cloak believed to have belonged to the prophet Mohammed. He placed the cloak over his shoulders and declared himself the commander of the faithful and leader of all Islam.
    (SFC, 12/7/01, p.A16)
1996        Apr 4, Beijing announced that it would prosecute 18 former officials for embezzling more than 2.2 billion. The scandal is tied to last year’s firing of Beijing’s Communist boss.
    (WSJ, 4/4/96, A-1)
1996        Apr 4, The Red Cross said more than 55,000 people have been driven from their homes in Burundi by ethnic fighting that intensified last month. More than 100,000 have been killed since 1993 in the conflict between majority Hutus and minority Tutsis.
    (WSJ, 4/5/96, p.A-1)
1996        Apr 4, In the capital city of Antananarivo, Madagascar, thousands of people demonstrated against the president amid calls for a military coup.
    (SFC, 5/5/96, p.T-9)
1996        Apr 4, The average negotiated wage in Mexico has been 19%, far below the inflation rate of 27-30% forecast by independent economists. The government just raised the minimum wage 12% but also implemented a 27% raise in the cost of tortillas.
    (WSJ, 4/4/96, A-10)

1997        Apr 4, It was reported that US psychologist Edward Larson followed a 1916 procedure by psychologist James Leuba in a random poll of selected scientists to inquire if they believed in God. Leuba had predicted that disbelief would spread as education expanded. Both polls produced similar results whereby 40% said that they believed in God.
    (SFC, 4/4/97, p.A12)
1997        Apr 4, Space shuttle Columbia blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on what was supposed to have been a 16-day mission. However, a defective power generator forced the shuttle's return four days later.
    (WSJ, 4/9/97, p.A1)(AP, 4/4/98)
1997        Apr 4, In Zaire rebel forces captured Mbuji-Mayi, capital of Eastern Kasai province and home of Zaire’s diamond industry. Departing government troops looted the city and 100 people were killed in clashes between the retreating soldiers and locals.
    (SFC, 4/5/97, p.A8)

1998        Apr 4, During a visit to Haiti, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright urged leaders to stop political infighting that had paralyzed the Caribbean nation for nearly a year.
    (AP, 4/4/99)
1998        Apr 4, A new US toll-free exchange number, 877, was launched.
    (SFC, 3/31/98, p.D1)
1998        Apr 4, Larry Singleton, rapist and murderer, was sentenced in Florida to death for the 1997 murder of Roxanne Hayes (31). He died in prison of cancer on December 28, 2001.
    (SFC, 1/1/02, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lawrence_Singleton)
1998        Apr 4, In Georgia two small planes collided over Marietta and at least 5 people were killed.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.A10)
1998        Apr 4, In Ethiopia a locust plague was reported covering an area of 3,700 acres in the regions of Jijiga and Dire Dawa. Aerial spraying was begun.
    (SFC, 4/4/98, p.A7)
1998        Apr 4, North Korea proposed that officials at the deputy minister level meet in Beijing for talks. South Korea accepted the following day to reopen talks on economic aid and other issues.
    (SFC, 4/6/98, p.A12)
1998        Apr 4, In the Ukraine a gas explosion at the Skochinsky coal mine outside Donetsk killed 63 men.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.A20)(AP, 4/4/08)
1998        Apr 4-20, Richard Butler, chief arms inspector in Iraq, refused to certify the Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction have been destroyed.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A11)

1999        Apr 4, The Colorado Rockies beat the San Diego Padres 8-2 in baseball's first season opener held in Mexico.
    (AP, 4/4/00)
1999        Apr 4, NATO dropped more bombs on downtown Belgrade and said that it would send some 8,000 troops into Albania to help Kosovo refugees. The Freedom Bridge over the Danube at Novi Sad was destroyed. The US announced that it would send 24 Apache helicopter gunships to attack Serbian troops and tanks in Kosovo. Some 30,000 refugees crossed into Albania in the last 24-hour period. Shipping on the Danube was not fully restored until 2002.
    (SFEC, 4/4/99, p.A1,12)(SFC, 4/5/99, p.A1,10)(SSFC, 2/3/02, Par p.7)
1999        Apr 4, Bexhet Ahmeti witnessed Serb militiamen shoot and burn 5 Kosovars.
    (SFC, 4/21/99, p.A10)
1999        cApr 4, In Kyrgyzstan Prime Minister Zhumabek Ibraimov (50) died following recent surgery in Russia.
    (WSJ, 4/5/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 4, In Malaysia Azizah Ismail, the wife of Anwar Ibrahim, announced the formation of the People’s Justice Party (PKR) and called on opposition forces to topple Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad.
    (SFC, 4/5/99, p.A9)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.54)
1999        Apr 4, Guido De Marco (1931-2010) began serving as president of Malta and continued to 2004. He helped the island nation win European Union membership in 2004.
    (AP, 8/13/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guido_de_Marco)

2000        Apr 4, Ha Jin, Prof. of English at Emory Univ. won the PEN/Faulkner Prize for His novel “Waiting." Jin had arrived in the US from China in 1985.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.C3)
2000        Apr 4, In a volatile day on the US stock market, the Nasdaq composite index and the DJIA each plunged 554 points before but recovered with a loss of 74.79 as buyers flooded back into the market. The Dow fell 504 but recovered with a net loss of 57.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A13)(AP, 4/4/01)
2000        Apr 4, In India 532 rebels of the United Liberation Front of Assam turned in their weapons and gave up their struggle for independence. Some 2000 fighters still remained in the jungles of Assam. Over 5,000 people had been killed in the front’s campaign since 1979.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A11)
2000        Apr 4, In Iraq US and British warplanes bombed military sites in the south and Iraqi news reported 2 civilians killed and 2 wounded.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A11)
2000        Apr 4, In Japan the cabinet resigned and allowed the Parliament to elect Yoshiro Mori as the new Prime Minister. The former trade minister was elected as president of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party earlier the same day.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 4, In Pakistan Arif Khan (45), the governor of Kunduz province in Afghanistan, was shot and killed along with his bodyguard by 2 gunmen in Peshawar.
    (SFC, 4/5/00, p.A11)

2001        Apr 4, Hideo Nomo became the fourth pitcher in major league history to throw a no-hitter in both leagues with Boston's 3-to-0 victory over Baltimore. Nomo, who threw a no-hitter for Los Angeles in 1996, joined Cy Young, Jim Bunning and Nolan Ryan as the only pitchers with no-hitters in both leagues.
    (AP, 4/4/02)
2001        Apr 4, US diplomats met with 24 US crew members held by the Chinese military on Hainan island. Colin Powell issued a statement of regret over the loss of the Chinese pilot involved in the incident. Powell also sent a letter to China’s chief foreign policy official outlining ways of settlement.
    (SFC, 4/4/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/5/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 4, The US Pentagon reportedly destroyed its last canister of napalm, a jellied gasoline used extensively during the Vietnam war. It was developed in 1942 by Harvard and Army chemists who combined naphthene and palmitate. It was made by Dow Chemical from 1965-1969.
    (SFC, 4/4/01, p.A3)
2001        Apr 4, Myriad Genetics announced a plan, with partners Oracle and Hitachi, to map out how human proteins interact.
    (WSJ, 4/5/01, p.B1)
2001        Apr 4, Chinese President Jiang Zemin demanded the United States apologize for the collision between a U.S. Navy spy plane and a Chinese fighter jet; the Bush administration offered a chorus of regrets, but no apology.
    (AP, 4/4/02)
2001        Apr 4, In Israel an armored personnel carrier accidentally overturned in the West Bank and 5 soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 4/5/01, p.A11)
2001        Apr 4, In Sudan Col. Ibrahim Shamsul-Din, deputy defense minister, and 13 other high ranking military officers were killed as their Antonov plane crashed on takeoff in Adaril.
    (SFC, 4/5/01, p.A11)

2002        Apr 4, Pres. Bush demanded that Israel withdraw from West Bank cities and end settlement activity in occupied territories. He dismissed Yasser Arafat as a failed leader who had "betrayed the hopes of his people." Bush ordered Sec. of State Colin Powell to the region to seek a cease-fire.
    (SFC, 4/5/02, p.A1,14)(AP, 4/4/03)
2002        Apr 4, Pres. Bush responded to British TV journalist Trevor McDonald’s question “Have you made up your mind that Iraq must be attacked?" by saying: “I made up my mind that Hussein needs to go."
    (SFC, 6/15/02, p.A13)
2002        Apr 4, Yasser Esam Hamdi (22), a prisoner in Cuba, was reported to be a US citizen born in Louisiana. Hamdi was transferred to a jail in Virginia Apr 5. In 2004 Hamdi, held without charge since his 2001 capture, gave up his US citizenship and was released to Saudi Arabia.
    (WSJ, 4/5/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/6/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 9/23/04, p.A1)
2002        Apr 4, Two teen-agers were sentenced to long prison terms in the stabbing deaths of Dartmouth College professors Half and Susanne Zantop. Robert Tulloch pleaded guilty to murder and received the mandatory sentence of life without parole; James Parker was sentenced to 25 years to life as an accomplice to murder.
    (AP, 4/4/03)
2002        Apr 4, Draft rice-genome maps were published by scientists from China and Switzerland’s Syngenta.
    (WSJ, 4/5/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 4, Afghan officials reported that poppy farmers would be offered $500 per acre to destroy their crops. Refusal would still result in crop destruction.
    (SFC, 4/5/02, p.A8)
2002        Apr 4, The Angola government and Unita signed a cease-fire agreement.
    (SFC, 4/5/02, p.A11)
2002        Apr 4, It was reported that Saddam Hussein of Iraq had raised financial payments to the relatives of suicide bombers from $10k to $25k.
    (SFC, 4/4/02, p.A10)
2002        Apr 4, Israeli officials made public 2 documents signed by Arafat that authorized payments to Palestinian militants wanted for attacks on Israel.
    (SFC, 4/5/02, p.A15)
2002        Apr 4, Israel continued for a 7th-day its offensive titled Operation Defensive Shield. Tanks entered Hebron house-to-house fighting with Palestinian gunmen in the Jenin refugee camp. 3 Israeli soldiers were killed. Guerrilla fighters fired 9 rockets into Israel.
    (SFC, 4/5/02, p.A16)
2002        Apr 4, The UN released $995 million in compensation to Kuwait for Iraq’s 1990 invasion. Most went to 1,058 individuals. Saudi Arabia received $82.6 million and Jordan got $44.9.
    (SFC, 4/5/02, p.A12)

2003        Apr 4, Pres. Bush issued an executive order giving federal health officials power to quarantine anyone suspected of being infected with SARS. The disease had spread to 17 countries killing at least 90 people and infected some 2,300.
    (SFC, 4/5/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A9)
2003        Apr 4, On the 17th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom thousands of Iraqis fled Baghdad as US forces seized the international airport to the west and armored convoys pressed in from the south. Army Sgt. 1st Class Paul Ray Smith was killed in the battle. In 2005 Pres. Bush awarded him the 1st US Medal of Honor of the Iraq campaign. A Marine unit found concentrations of cyanide and mustard-gas agents in the Euphrates River near Nasiriyah.
    (AP, 4/4/03)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/7/03, p.A7)
2003        Apr 4, Peter Arnett, fired by NBC earlier this week for giving an interview to state-run Iraqi television, began reporting for pan-Arab satellite channel Al-Arabiya. Atlantic Monthly journalist Michael Kelley was killed in a humvee accident near Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/5/03)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)
2003        Apr 4, Six more moons were reported to have been found orbiting Jupiter, pushing to 58 the total number of known natural satellites of the solar system's largest planet.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Apr 4, Dr. Russell R. Monroe (82), neurologist and authority on brain mechanisms, genius and criminal behaviour, died. His books included "Creative Brainstorms: The Relationship Between Madness and Genius."
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A28)
2003        Apr 4, In Algeria 8 Austrian tourists were reported missing. Searchers using camels and helicopters equipped with heat-seeking sensors were already scouring the Sahara Desert for 21 tourists, mostly Germans, who vanished in Algeria over the past six weeks.
    (AP, 4/4/03)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A8)
2003        Apr 4, In northeastern Bangladesh a river boat carrying more than 170 people capsized, killing 79 people, including 49 children.
    (AP, 4/4/03)(AP, 4/7/03)
2003        Apr 4, In southern Brazil 2 buses crashed head-on during heavy rains, killing 18 people and injuring seven others.
    (AP, 4/4/03)
2003        Apr 4, Chinese experts in hard-hit Guangdong province told the scientists they have found a rare form of airborne chlamydia in some of their SARS patients, raising the possibility that more than one germ may be involved. Other Chinese cases suggest the disease might be passed by touching something tainted by a sick person's mucous or saliva.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Apr 4, A standoff between Cuban troops and the hijackers of a small ferry who had tried to sail to Florida ended as soldiers stormed the boat and hostages jumped overboard to safety.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Apr 4, Israeli troops uncovered an explosives lab and arrested Anwar Alian (22), a senior Islamic Jihad militant, during a sweep of Tulkarem.
    (SFC, 4/5/03, p.A9)
2003        Apr 4, Mexican police over the last 2 days arrested 9 members of the powerful Juarez Cartel during raids across the country.
    (AP, 4/4/03)

2004        Apr 4, In India suspected Islamic extremists stormed a police station in the city of Karachi and killed 5 police, forcing their victims to recite Quranic verses before shooting them.
    (AP, 4/4/04)
2004        Apr 4, Muqtada al-Sadr issued a call to his followers to "terrorize your enemy." Gunmen opened fire on the Spanish garrison in the holy city of Najaf during a huge demonstration by followers of al-Sadr, an anti-American Shiite Muslim cleric. An American and Salvadoran soldier were killed along with 22 Iraqis. More than 130 people were wounded. A car bomb exploded in Kirkuk, killing three civilians and wounding two others. 7 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/4/04)(SFC, 4/5/04, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/5/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A14)
2004        Apr 4, Maoist rebels in southern Nepal killed at least 9 police officers.
    (SFC, 4/5/04, p.A2)
2004        Apr 4, In Slovenia some 95 percent of referendum voters opposed reinstating permanent residency and other rights to more than 18,000 people, mostly Bosnians, Croats and Serbs, whose names were stricken from state records following independence from the former Yugoslavia in 1991.
    (AP, 4/5/04)

2005        Apr 4, The Los Angeles Times and The Wall Street Journal captured two Pulitzer Prizes apiece; Marilynne Robinson received the fiction award for her novel "Gilead," while John Patrick Shanley received the drama Pulitzer for "Doubt."
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.A11)(AP, 4/4/06)
2005        Apr 4, The North Carolina Tarheels won the NCAA men’s basketball championship over Illinois, 75-70.
    (WSJ, 4/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 4, The US Supreme Court ruled that IRAs can’t be seized in bankruptcies.
    (WSJ, 4/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 4, The US Treasury Dept. said all Series EE bonds sold after May 1 will pay interest rates that are fixed for at least 20 years.
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 4, US Coaches Jim Boeheim and Jim Calhoun were elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2005        Apr 4, Oil prices hit an interday high of $58.28 per barrel.
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 4, Chevron announced plans to purchase Unocal Corp. for $18.4 billion. Chevron’s eventual acquisition of Unocal included a stake in the Yadana project in Myanmar, in which Unocal invested in the 1990s along with France’s Total, Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise and the petroleum Authority of Thailand. Total with a 31% stake operated the project. The Yadana project brought in an estimated $969 million to the government undercutting international sanctions to isolate the regime.
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.A1)(SFC, 10/4/07, p.A10)(SFC, 4/29/08, p.D3)
2005        Apr 4, Evergreen Int’l., a Panamanian shipping line, pleaded guilty to over 2 dozen counts of illegal dumping around the US. It was ordered to pay a fine of $25 million, one of the largest ever imposed for polluting the ocean.
    (SFC, 4/5/05, p.B8)
2005        Apr 4, The leaders of Australia and Indonesia signed a partnership agreement that they said would lead to new security pact between their countries.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, In Brazil authorities arrested 11 police suspected of participating in death squad killings that left 30 people dead in two towns on Rio's poor outskirts.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 4, In Canada Edward Bronfman, Canadian businessman, died. Bronfman and his brother, Peter, built Edper Investments Ltd. into a business with interests ranging from forestry and mining to banking, beer and hockey to form the core of what is today Brascan Corp.
    (SFC, 4/6/05, p.B7)(http://tinyurl.com/6jsag)
2005        Apr 4, China's foreign ministry called in Japan's ambassador to Beijing to express its "indignation" at Tokyo's approval of nationalist school history textbooks.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 4, Shanghai, China's largest city, enacted a new rule requiring home owners to pay off their mortgages before selling property, the boldest measure yet in new efforts to cool surging real estate prices.
    (AP, 4/7/05)
2005        Apr 4, About 300 university students staged a rowdy protest in downtown Cairo calling for Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to step down and further democratic reforms.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 4, Maoist rebel leaders in southern India said they had given up on efforts to make peace, blaming local police for mounting violence since a truce collapsed more than three months ago.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, A joint US-Iraqi attack on dozens of insurgents in eastern Diyala province left two American soldiers and one Iraqi soldier dead. A suicide bomber blew himself up near the gates of Abu Ghraib prison.
    (AP, 4/5/05)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 4, PM Junichiro Koizumi proposed privatizing Japan's postal service by 2017, a step that would create the world's biggest bank out of the mammoth pile of cash deposited at post offices by conscientious Japanese savers.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev, who fled the country last month after demonstrators stormed his offices, signed a resignation agreement.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, A minister said Malaysia plans to hire 169,000 foreign workers to overcome an acute labor shortage after a crackdown on illegal migrants.
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, Nepal's King Gyanendra, in his first address to the military since he seized power, urged the security forces to crush a long-running revolt by Maoist rebels, accusing the militants of "terrorism."
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, A Palestinian official immediately denounced Israeli plans to dispose of garbage on Palestinian land in the West Bank, as violating international law, saying, "We are not a dumping ground."
    (AP, 4/4/05)
2005        Apr 4, Tens of thousands of pilgrims paid their final respects to Pope John Paul II after his body was carried on a crimson platform to St. Peter's Basilica.
    (AP, 4/4/06)

2006        Apr 4, Republican Rep. Tom DeLay of Texas, the House of Representatives' fallen majority leader, announced the end of a re-election fight he was in jeopardy of losing and said he would soon step down from the US Congress.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, In Massachusetts legislators passed a bill requiring all citizens to have health insurance. Gov. Romney signed it on April 12. The cost of the plan was estimated at $1 billion, about as much as the state spends on the uninsured. A dearth of primary-care physicians threatened to undermine the program.
    (WSJ, 4/5/06, p.A1)(Econ, 4/8/06, p.35)(SFC, 4/12/06, p.A4)(WSJ, 1/25/07, p.B1)
2006        Apr 4, Maryland beat Duke, 78-75, in overtime to win its first NCAA women's basketball title.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2006        Apr 4, Computer Sciences Corp. said it plans to cut about 5,000 jobs, or about 6 percent of its work force, over two years and is considering selling the company.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, Arab diplomats said top intelligence officers from several Arab countries and Turkey have been meeting secretly to coordinate their governments' strategies in case civil war erupts in Iraq and in an attempt to block Iran's interference in the war-torn nation.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 4, A boatload of 52 dazed and exhausted African men arrived at the Canary Islands, the latest of a stream of desperate migrants risking everything on the open sea for a slim chance at life in Europe.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, In Colombia authorities announced the arrests of 7 active and retired police and army officers working for one of Colombia's largest cocaine cartels, who used commercial cargo planes to ship drugs to the US.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, Wen Jiabao arrived in Fiji as the first Chinese premier to visit the Pacific islands, seeking to deepen China's influence in the region and contain Taiwan's diplomatic clout.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, Human Rights Watch said tens of thousands of street children across Congo risk being recruited by political parties to create chaos, intimidate voters and contest the results of up-coming elections.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, In France a nationwide strike shut down the Eiffel Tower and snarled air and rail travel for the second time in a week while students barricaded themselves in schools to protest a jobs measure that has riven the country and put the government in crisis mode.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, Mphasis BFL Ltd., an Indian software services company, welcomed a $380 million bid by Electronic Data Systems for a 52% stake.
    (WSJ, 4/5/06, p.B3)
2006        Apr 4, Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki said Iran is prepared to negotiate on the large-scale enrichment of uranium but will never abandon its right to enrich uranium.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, The Iraq tribunal announced new criminal charges against Saddam Hussein and six others, accusing them of genocide and crimes against humanity stemming from a 1980s crackdown against Kurds. A car bomb exploded in a mostly Shiite area of eastern Baghdad, killing at least 10 and wounding 28. Another blast in Baghdad killed a woman and two of her young sons.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, Denis Donaldson (55), former British agent inside Sinn Fein, was killed by shotgun blasts in northwest Ireland.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 4, Israeli warplanes fired three missiles into the presidential compound of Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas, wounding 2 people and leaving deep craters in the ground.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, Kuwaiti women voted and ran as candidates for the first time in a municipal election in the conservative country's capital, but initial reports indicated not many women were casting ballots.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, Charles Taylor appeared in a UN-backed court in Sierra Leone with 11 counts of crimes against humanity and other violations of int’l. law.
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.46)
2006        Apr 4, The South Korean ship 628 Dongwon was seized by eight armed assailants, who approached in two speed boats firing guns off the coast of Somalia. 25 crew members were reported safe and officials sought their release. The sailors were released July 30 after more than $800,000 in ransom was paid.
    (AP, 4/5/06)(AP, 7/30/06)
2006        Apr 4, Thailand’s Embattled PM Thaksin Shinawatra abruptly announced he will step down from office, bowing to a mounting opposition campaign seeking his ouster over allegations of corruption and abuse of power.
    (AP, 4/4/06)
2006        Apr 4, Venezuelan authorities found the bullet-ridden bodies of three Canadian boys who had been kidnapped more than a month ago. John Faddoul (17), along with his brothers Kevin (13) and Jason (12) were abducted Feb. 23 when unidentified men dressed as police stopped their car at a checkpoint in Caracas as the boys were on their way to school.
    (AP, 4/5/06)

2007        Apr 4, Apple updated its desktop Mac Pro computers adding two new 3.0GHz Quad-Core Intel Xeon processors, bringing 8-core processing to the Mac. The new machines can run the 3.0GHz Intel Xeon processors and are available as build to order options.
    (www.macworld.com/news/2007/04/04/eightcore/index.php)
2007        Apr 4, Radio host Don Imus made offensive on-air remarks about the Rutgers University women's basketball team. Despite a subsequent apology, Imus was fired by CBS Radio and cable network MSNBC; he was hired elsewhere by year's end.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2007        Apr 4, Jon and Karen Huntsman, the billionaire parents of Utah’s Gov. Jon Huntsman, announced that they would pay $1 million for a public education campaign in Utah about the risks of cervical cancer and a new vaccine that can prevent it.
    (SFC, 4/5/07, p.A6)
2007        Apr 4, NYSE Euronext shares slipped in their first day of trading following the completion of the $14 billion deal that created the first trans-Atlantic stock exchange. Jan-Michiel Hessels served as chairman of the NYSE following the merger with Euronext.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070404/ap_on_bi_ge/nyse_euronext)(WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A6)
2007        Apr 4, Film director Robert Clark (67), best known for the holiday classic "A Christmas Story" (1983), was killed in southern California with his son in a head-on crash with a vehicle steered into the wrong lane by a drunken driver.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 4, In Algeria an international desertification conference closed with a call (dubbed the Algiers Appeal) to all African countries to ratify the Kyoto Protocol, to help slow the rapid expansion of deserts on the continent.
    (AFP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, Argentina's main teachers' union called for a one-day national strike next week after protesting colleagues seeking higher pay clashed with riot police in two provinces.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, The United Nations children's agency called for urgent action to tackle a "humanitarian disaster" in the Central African Republic (CAR), affected by conflict for the past ten years.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, In Chile police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse hundreds of protesting students in the capital of Santiago, and detained nearly 100 people.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, Ecuador's constitutional court upheld a decision by the country's electoral tribunal to fire more than half of the politically unstable nation's legislature.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 4, In India South Asian leaders (SAARC) wrapped up a two-day summit predicting a new dawn for the region but offering little in terms of concrete action.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad freed the 15 detained British sailors and marines as an Easter holiday "gift" to the British people. Syria said it played a key role in resolving the standoff over the 15 British sailors and marines held by Iran. Turkey brokered the release of the British sailors.
    (AP, 4/4/07)(Econ, 8/21/10, p.42)
2007        Apr 4, Iraq's top corruption fighter said that $8 billion in government money was wasted or stolen over the past three years and claimed he was threatened with death after opening an investigation into scores of Oil Ministry employees. Gunmen opened fire on a minibus carrying power plant workers in a predominantly Sunni area west of Kirkuk, killing six men. Gunmen also attacked a police patrol near Baqouba, killing four officers. 6 of the gunmen were killed in a subsequent gunbattle. Two mortar rounds also slammed into a house in the predominantly Shiite town of Khalis, just after midnight, killing a woman and wounding two other women and a 4-year-old boy. Gunmen wearing police uniforms seized 22 shepherds and their sheep in southern Iraq in the latest mass abduction of Shiite workers by presumed Sunni insurgents. A roadside bomb killed two US soldiers and wounded three others in southern Baghdad. Another blast north of the capital killed two soldiers and wounded one.
    (AP, 4/4/07)(AFP, 4/4/07)(AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 4, New Ivory Coast PM Guillaume Soro, a rebel leader who has controlled the north for four years, took office, a key step in an accord aimed at bringing a lasting peace.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, In Kuwait a medical source said preliminary tests for bird flu were positive on four Bangladeshi workers who had been culling infected chickens.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi urged Africa to form a unified continental army to defend its interests. He said former colonial powers should pay compensation for the raw materials they had extracted.
    (Reuters, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, Hostage takers in southern Nigeria released four foreign workers held captive in the oil-rich region. The British High Commission and an industry source said a Briton and a Dutch national held hostage in volatile oil-rich southern Nigeria have been released. Gordon Gray was kidnapped March 31 from an offshore rig in the Niger delta. The Dutch man was kidnapped March 23 from Port Harcourt. 2 Lebanese nationals working for a construction firm, Setraco, were also released.
    (AFP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, In Northern Ireland protestant leader Ian Paisley shook hands with Irish PM Bertie Ahern in public for the first time, marking another small step on the path to peace.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, Heavy fighting between Pakistani tribesmen and foreign militants allegedly linked to al-Qaida killed 60 people near the Afghan border. About 50 of those killed in the past 24 hours in the South Waziristan region were Uzbeks. The main commander of the tribal militia battling the foreign militants is Maulvi Nazir, a known Taliban sympathizer who the government says has come over to its side. Nazir recently established Islamic courts throughout South Waziristan, a 10,000-square-mile area with some 500,000 inhabitants.
    (AP, 4/4/07)(SFC, 6/1/07, p.A9)
2007        Apr 4, A Palestinian gunman was killed in an exchange of fire with Israeli troops in an area where militants frequently fire rockets toward Israel.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, In the Philippines police said they found the bodies of two missing members of the militant Peasant Movement of the Philippines, or KMP, near a river in the northern town of Lailo in Cagayan province.
    (AFP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, Sri Lanka’s defense ministry said its warplanes "bombed and completely destroyed" a key Tamil Tiger naval base.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, In Damascus US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi held talks with Syria's leader despite White House objections, saying she pressed President Bashar Assad over his country's support for militant groups and passed him a peace message from Israel.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, Thousands of supporters of Ukraine's Russian-leaning prime minister marched to the office of the pro-Western president, protesting a presidential order to hold early elections.
    (AP, 4/4/07)
2007        Apr 4, Offices and factories in Zimbabwe's two main cities were operating as normal on the second day of a 48-hour strike called by the main labor organization over the deepening economic crisis. Many workers appeared to have shunned the call on the second day of the stoppage organized by the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU).
    (AFP, 4/4/07)

2008        Apr 4, The US labor Dept. reported that employers slashed 80,000 jobs in march, the most in five years, as the national unemployment rate climbed to 5.1 percent.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, Child welfare officials scrambled to find foster homes for dozens of girls removed from a secretive West Texas religious retreat built by polygamist leader Warren Jeffs after a 16-year-old living there complained of physical abuse. By April 8 Texas had taken 416 children into protective custody. Some 140 women came along voluntarily. It was later reported that over half of the teenage girls from the Yearning for Zion Ranch had children or were pregnant. The number of 14-17 year old girls with children was later reduced as ages became confirmed. On May 22 a state appeals court ruled that authorities had no right to take children from the polygamist compound. In 2009 jurors convicted sect member Raymond Jessop (38) of sexually assaulting a girl, who became pregnant at age 16. By 2012 legal costs associated with the case approached $20 million.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.36)(WSJ, 4/29/08, p.A1)(SFC, 5/17/08, p.A2)(SFC, 5/23/08, p.A2)(SFC, 11/6/09, p.A6)(SFC, 4/4/12, p.A6)
2008        Apr 4, In SF cyclist Tammy Thomas, Univ. of Oklahoma law student, was found guilty of lying to a federal grand jury about her use of banned drugs.
    (SFC, 4/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 4, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a Canadian soldier, while a suicide attack in the same region left three policemen and a civilian dead.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Argentina a court sentenced the adoptive parents of a baby born to a missing political prisoner to up to eight years in prison for concealing the child's identity, in a landmark case with roots in Argentina's dictatorship.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Brazil officials said floods triggered by two weeks of torrential downpours have killed at least 10 people and forced more than 30,000 people to flee their homes in the normally arid northeast.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, In London a prosecutor told a court that Assad Sarwar (27), a man accused of plotting to down trans-Atlantic airliners, was also developing plans to cripple nuclear power stations, a European gas pipeline and Britain's electricity grid.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, A Bulgarian official revealed that the country's communist-era border troops killed East Germans and others who tried to get to the West by sneaking across this Balkan country's borders during the Cold War. Documents detailed at least two cases in which citizens of then communist East Germany were killed, one in 1974 and one in 1988. Archives also showed that 22 Bulgarians were shot while trying to escape to Greece or Turkey between 1964 and 1967.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, Chile's Constitutional Court halted a government program that provided the contraceptive known as the "morning-after" pill free to women and girls as young as 14.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In China the traditional Qingming Festival (Tomb Sweeping Day), was celebrated as an official holiday for the first time.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qingming_Festival)
2008        Apr 4, Interpol issued a "red notice" for the capture of Colombian rebel leader Rodrigo Granda, wanted in connection with the 2004 high-profile kidnapping and killing of Cecilia Cubas (31), the daughter of former Paraguay Pres. Raul Cubas.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, US President George W. Bush arrived in Croatia after a NATO summit at which leaders invited the former Yugoslav republic to join the 26-nation western alliance.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, At least three Haitians were killed and 25 others injured amid food riots and clashes with UN peacekeepers.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, Indonesia's Supreme Court overturned the conviction of a notorious militia leader accused in attacks that left about 1,000 people dead following East Timor's 1999 independence vote. With Eurico Guterres' upcoming release, all 18 suspects originally indicted will have been acquitted or set free.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, Iraq's prime minister ordered a nationwide freeze on raids against suspected Shiite militants after the leader of the biggest militia complained that arrests were continuing even after he ordered fighters off the streets. A suicide bomber killed at least 15 people and wounded 8 when he blew himself up during a policeman's funeral in Sadiyah. Military and police officials in Basra said a number of Iraqi soldiers and police were reported to have mutinied or refused to engage al-Sadr's militants during last week's fighting. A roadside bomb killed four policeman and wounded one in Hillah. In the Hayaniyah area of Basra a house was destroyed in an airstrike. Police said five people were killed, acknowledging they included an unspecified number of militants who had fired a mortar at Iraqi security forces.
    (AP, 4/4/08)(AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, An executive for a prominent Tuscan wine producer said authorities confiscated some 600,000 bottles of his company's 2003 Brunello di Montalcino, alleging too many bottles were produced for it to be entirely authentic.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Mexico two soldiers deserted and were later killed during a gunbattle with police in the state of Nuevo Leon. 3 state police officers and a civilian also died in the violence. The Mexican army said soldiers looking for drug traffickers found $6 million in cash inside a truck near the US border and arrested five men at the scene. The daily El Universal reported that five soldiers had been arrested for passing information to the Sinaloa alliance of Pacific Coast smugglers.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(Reuters, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In the West Bank 12 members of the members of the Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades fled the Palestinian-run Jneid Prison in Nablus, complaining that guards had pummeled them with clubs following a fight among the detainees.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Panama Cecilio Padron (66), a Cuban-American businessman tied to an influential anti-Castro organization, was kidnapped. He was released on Feb 23, 2009 following a $3 million ransom. Three national police officers and two civilians were later detained in connection with the kidnapping. The police were accused of handing Padron over to his kidnappers in exchange for $500 each.
    (AP, 3/4/09)
2008        Apr 4, President Gloria Arroyo announced major investments to overhaul the Philippine agriculture sector, as the country grapples with soaring rice prices that have raised fears of social unrest.
    (AFP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, Russian President Vladimir Putin strongly criticized NATO's eastward expansion plans but ruled out chances of a new Cold War, insisting that Moscow wants to be friends with the Western military alliance.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Russia an explosion, apparently caused by an accident with gas-powered welding equipment in an apartment, ripped through a Moscow apartment tower, blowing out exterior walls, sparking a fire and killing at least three people.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, Pirate attackers off Somalia’s coast stormed the 288-foot Le Ponant as it returned without passengers from the Seychelles, in the Indian Ocean. French officials hoped to avoid using force to free the 30 crew members.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 4, Lee Kun-Hee (66), the head of South Korea's biggest business group, Samsung, appeared for questioning as part of a high-profile probe into an alleged multi-million dollar bribery slush fund.
    (AFP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, A South Korean official said quarantine workers have destroyed more than 100,000 chickens following the first outbreak of a deadly strain of bird flu in the country in more than a year.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, Sri Lanka's air force bombed and destroyed a Tamil separatist training camp in the island's north.
    (AP, 4/4/08)
2008        Apr 4, In Thailand climate negotiators ended 5 days of talks. More than 160 nations agreed to consider how to reduce rapidly growing emissions from air and sea travel as they worked toward drafting an ambitious new treaty on global warming.
    (AFP, 4/4/08)(WSJ, 4/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 4, In Zimbabwe the ruling ZANU-PF party decided President Robert Mugabe should contest a runoff vote against opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai if neither wins a majority in a presidential election. Hundreds of guerrilla war veterans who support President Robert Mugabe marched through the capital, raising fears he might turn to violence to prolong his rule. Authorities introduced a new 50 million bank note, state media reported. The new Zimbabwe dollar note is worth $1 in black market trading and can buy just three loaves of bread.
    (Reuters, 4/4/08)(AP, 4/4/08)

2009        Apr 4, In Pittsburgh, Pa., Richard Poplawski (23) shot and killed 3 police officers, who were responding to a domestic violence disturbance. Poplawski received gunshot wounds in his legs and was charged with 3 counts of murder. The shooting began following an argument between Poplawski and his mother over a dog urinating in their house. On June 28, 2011, a jury sentenced Poplawski to death.
    (SSFC, 4/5/09, p.A12)(SFC, 4/6/09, p.A5)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A6)
2009        Apr 4, In Texas Jorge Alberto Mendez (42) was arrested while trying to cross into Mexico from El Paso, where he lived. He was arrested for allegedly raping 19 women across the border in the northern Mexican city of Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 4/7/09)
2009        Apr 4, In Washington state Pierce County deputies 15 miles southeast of Tacoma found four children murdered in their beds and the fifth slain in the bathroom. The four girls and the youngest child, a 7-year-old boy, apparently had been shot. Earlier in the day police found there father, James Harrison (34) dead in his still-running car near the Muckleshoot Casino in Auburn, about 30 miles south of Seattle. Harrison had just discovered that his wife was leaving him for another man.
    (AP, 4/5/09)(SFC, 4/6/09, p.A4)
2009        Apr 4, A pair of British brothers (10 & 11) lured two young boys (9 & 10) into a clearing to see some animals, and then tortured them in an attack so violent it left one of the victims pleading to be left alone to die. On Sep 3 the brothers admitted charges of robbery, intentionally causing grievous bodily harm and causing a child to engage in sexual activity.
    (AP, 9/4/09)
2009        Apr 4, Egyptian police beat and detained at least 18 members of an anti-government protest group during a demonstration to demand the release of two activists, Sarah Rezk and Amina Taha. The two 19-year-olds detained April 2 for allegedly distributing leaflets calling for a national day of protest on April 6.
    (AP, 4/4/09)
2009        Apr 4, France and Germany fully endorsed President Barack Obama's new Afghan war strategy but firmly resisted sending more combat troops in a rift that overshadowed symbols of unity at NATO 60th-anniversary summit. NATO's European leaders pledged a significant increase in troops for the US-led war in Afghanistan at their summit, but the alliance seemed sure to arouse hostility in the Muslim world by choosing the controversial Danish PM Anders Fogh Rasmussen as the alliance's new secretary general. All 28 NATO leaders unanimously approved Rasmussen as the new civilian leader of the alliance. Black-clad protesters attacked police and set a hotel and a customs station ablaze near a bridge linking France and Germany that served hours earlier as the backdrop for a show of unity by NATO leaders.
    (AP, 4/4/09)
2009        Apr 4, In southern Israel a woman opened fire on a police station Beersheba before officers shot back and killed her, in an apparent Palestinian militant attack. Israeli forces shot and killed two militants who were approaching the Gaza border. Elsewhere in Gaza, militants fired at least two mortar shells toward Israel. There were no reports of damage.
    (AP, 4/4/09)
2009        Apr 4, In Mexico 11 people were found shot to death in 5 different places, some bearing signs of torture and left with threatening messages emblematic of drug violence.
    (AP, 4/5/09)
2009        Apr 4, In northwestern Pakistan a suspected US drone fired two missiles at an alleged militant hide-out in North Waziristan, leaving 13 people dead including women and children. A suicide bomber killed 8 people in Islamabad. At least 62 illegal migrants were found suffocated to death inside a shipping container found near the border with Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/4/09)(SSFC, 4/5/09, p.A7)
2009        Apr 4, In the Philippines two homemade bombs exploded hours apart in the same bus, wounding the conductor and five passengers in an attack police said may have been the work of an extortion gang led by former Muslim rebels.
    (AP, 4/4/09)
2009        Apr 4, In Slovakia Pres. Ovan Gasparovic was re-elected for a 2nd 5-year term with 55% of the vote over Iveta Radicova, who had hoped to become Slovakia’s 1st female president.
    (WSJ, 4/6/09, p.A8)
2009        Apr 4, Somali pirates seized a 20,000-ton German container vessel, the Hansa Stavanger and its 24-member crew, in their latest attack on the Indian Ocean's busy commercial shipping lanes. The ship and crew were released on August 3 as pirates boasted $2.75 million in ransom.
    (AP, 4/5/09)(AP, 4/6/09)(AP, 7/18/09)(Econ, 8/22/09, p.53)
2009        Apr 4, In Sudan armed men in the Darfur kidnapped two aid workers Claire Dubois of France and Canadian Stephanie Jodoin, of Aid Medicale International (AMI). They were seized from their compound in the south Darfur settlement of Ed el Fursan. Both women were released on April 29.
    (AFP, 4/5/09)(Reuters, 4/12/09)(AP, 4/30/09)
2009        Apr 4, In Turkey several thousand leftists staged anti-U.S. and anti-NATO protests, with shouts of "Yankee Go Home!" the day before President Barack Obama's visit.
    (AP, 4/4/09)
2009        Apr 4, Off the coast of Yemen a smuggling boat carrying 40 Somalis capsized as passengers were disembarking. Twenty people made it to shore, the rest were missing.
    (AP, 4/7/09)

2010        Apr 4, In Bolivia allies of leftist President Evo Morales made modest advances in state and local elections, according to independent exit polls.
    (AP, 4/5/10)
2010        Apr 4, In northern Congo some 100-150 Enyele rebels attacked Mbandaka, capital of Congo's northern Equateur province. A UN peacekeeper from Ghana was fatally shot while in a car. A UN civilian and a South African pilot died during the fighting. At least 36 people, including policemen, an army officer and militiamen, died in the clashes between the Enyele and Munzale tribesmen reportedly over farming and fishing rights.
    (AP, 4/5/10)(AP, 4/6/10)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.51)
2010        Apr 4, In Dagestan 2 powerful explosions derailed a cargo train but no one was injured.
    (AP, 4/4/10)
2010        Apr 4, A Dubai appeals court upheld a one-month prison sentence for a British couple convicted of kissing in a restaurant. They were arrested in November and convicted of inappropriate behavior and illegal drinking. Ayman Najafi and Charlotte Adams, both in their 20s, were arrested after an Emirati woman claimed they exchanged a passionate kiss in a restaurant where she and her daughter were having dinner.
    (AP, 4/4/10)
2010        Apr 4, In France masked men brandishing assault rifles burst into a crowded casino in Lyon, fired shots at the ceiling and made off with about euro28,000 ($37,800).
    (AP, 4/4/10)
2010        Apr 4, In Iraq suicide attackers detonated three car bombs near embassies in Baghdad, killing over 40 people and wounding more than 200 in back-to-back attacks. Security forces shot and killed a man wearing a suicide belt before he could detonate a fourth bomb-rigged car near the former Germany Embassy, which is now a bank. An earlier blast, believed to be caused by a bomb underneath a parked car killed one civilian and injured nine others.
    (AP, 4/4/10)(AFP, 4/7/10)(AP, 4/9/10)
2010        Apr 4, Israel allowed the first commercial shipment of clothes and shoes into the Gaza Strip since 2008 but said its policy towards the territory's Hamas rulers had not changed.
    (AP, 4/4/10)
2010        Apr 4, A 7.3 magnitude earthquake centered just south of the US border near Mexicali killed two people in Mexico and injured at least 100.
    (AP, 4/5/10)
2010        Apr 4, Pakistani security forces killed 38 militants in two separate operations in the Orakzai tribal area near the Afghan border where the army recently launched an offensive targeting the Pakistani Taliban.
    (AP, 4/4/10)
2010        Apr 4, In the Philippines Carl Rieth (72), a Filipino businessman of Swiss descent, was kidnapped from his beach-front home on the southern Zamboanga peninsula. On June 16 Philippine troops rescued Reith.
    (AFP, 4/6/10)(AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Apr 4, Somali pirates in the Indian Ocean seized the Taipan, a Germany-flagged freighter. The Dutch navy captured 10 Somalis hours after the seizure. In 2012 the Somalis were convicted on piracy charges and sentenced to prison terms of 2-7 years.
    (SFC, 10/20/12, p.A2)
2010        Apr 4, The South Korean Samho Dream oil supertanker was bound for the US with 24 crew members when was hijacked off the coast of Somalia by Somali pirates. On Nov 6 South a Korean news agency said the ship was freed following a ransom payment.
    (AFP, 4/4/10)(AP, 4/5/10)(AP, 11/6/10)
2010        Apr 4, A US-Russian space team sent their Easter greetings down to Earth after their Soyuz spacecraft docked flawlessly at the International Space Station. The rotating calendars of the Christian West and the Christian East agreed on the same date for Easter.
    (AP, 4/4/10)(Econ, 4/3/10, p.85)
2010        Apr 4, In Uzbekistan UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called the drying up of the Aral Sea one of the planet's most shocking disasters and urged Central Asian leaders to step up efforts to solve the problem.
    (AP, 4/4/10)

2011        Apr 4, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that special tax credits that pay for children to go to church schools cannot be challenged by dissenting taxpayers.
    (SFC, 4/5/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 4, Two men who prosecutors tentatively identified as US citizens were shot to death in their vehicle as they waited at a Tijuana-area border crossing to enter the United States.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In NY investigators found 3 more sets of remains at a beach area 45 miles east of NYC bringing the total number of bodies to 8, all victims of a suspected serial killer.
    (SFC, 4/5/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 4, The names and e-mails of customers of Citigroup Inc and other large US companies, as well as College Board students, were exposed in a massive and growing data breach after a computer hacker penetrated online marketer Epsilon.
    (Reuters, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Texas Instruments Inc announced that it is buying National Semiconductor Corp for about $6.5 billion in cash, paying a nearly 80 percent premium in a deal to expand its stake in analog chips used in everything from tablets to cars.
    (Reuters, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In northern Afghanistan two American trainers were killed by a person with a police uniform in Maymana, the capital of Faryab province. A night raid by NATO-led forces in the northern province of Sar-e-Pul targeted a Taliban provincial shadow governor. Local officials said 6 civilians were killed.
    (AP, 4/4/11)(SFC, 4/6/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 4, The Australian Institute of Criminology's "Fraud against the Commonwealth" report showed Australia is losing almost Aus$600 million a year to social security fraud and crooked public servants as the government announced new measures to tackle the menace.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Algeria auxiliary police, specialist doctors and university students pushed on with strikes and demonstrations to press demands including for improved pay and conditions.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Bangladesh police clashed with demonstrators and arrested dozens in as a hard-line group enforced a paralyzing general strike protesting a new policy giving women equal inheritance rights.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, BP said that it has agreed to sell its ARCO Aluminum unit to a Japanese consortium for $680 million ($421 million) as it seeks to meet the costs of last year's disastrous Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In CongoDRC a UN plane crashed while attempting to land at the airport serving Kinshasa, killing 32 UN officials and peacekeepers. One survivor was confirmed.
    (http://civiliancontractors.wordpress.com/)(SFC, 4/5/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 4, A Cyprus court found a jailed murderer, his brother and another man guilty of unlawfully exhuming the body of Tassos Papadopoulos, the island's former president (2003-2008). Papadopoulos’s body was snatched from a Nicosia cemetery in 2009 and was reburied three months later after police arrested the suspects and found the body.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Egypt's foreign minister said Cairo is ready to re-establish diplomatic ties with Tehran after a break of more than 30 years signaling a shift in Iran policy since the fall of President Hosni Mubarak.
    (Reuters, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Iraq handed over the remains of 17 Iranian soldiers killed in the grinding war between the two countries throughout the 1980s. The two governments signed an agreement in October 2008 to find tens of thousands of fighters still missing after the war.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Iraq gunmen killed six people sleeping in their home in Youssifiyah, an area south of Baghdad that remains an al-Qaida stronghold. An Iraqi army patrol hit a roadside bomb near the northeast Iraqi city of Kirkuk, killing one soldier and wounding two others. An American soldier died in a noncombat incident in central Iraq.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 4, An Israeli court indicted Dirar Abu Sisi, a Palestinian engineer captured on Feb 19 in Ukraine, on charges he was a senior Hamas operative who developed sophisticated rockets for the Islamic militant group.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Israel asked Facebook to pull down a page with 350,000 “fans" calling for “the third Palestinian uprising." Facebook at first refused, but took the page down a day later.
    (SSFC, 4/10/11, p.F9)
2011        Apr 4, Italy recognized opponents of Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi as the country's only legitimate voice, becoming the third country to do so, after France and Qatar.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Ivory Coast UN and French forces opened fire with attack helicopters on the home of incumbent Pres. Laurent Gbagbo and 3 strategic military garrisons as foot soldiers backing Alassane Ouattara pierced the limits of Abidjan. Two Frenchmen, a Malaysian and a citizen of Benin were seized from the downtown Hotel Novotel by pro-Gbagbo troops.
    (SFC, 4/5/11, p.A4)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Jamaica PM Bruce Golding's party reinforced its narrow parliamentary majority by winning a by-election called after a governing party lawmaker acknowledged he held US citizenship in violation of constitutional rules. The win re-established a 32-28 parliamentary majority for Labor.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 4, Japanese engineers were forced to release radioactive water into the sea while resorting to desperate measures to try to find the source of leaks at a crippled Fukushima nuclear power complex hit by a tsunami on March 11. Tokyo Electric Power said it had found radioactive iodine-131 at 7.5 million times the legal limit in seawater near the facility. Biologists admitted that the contamination could eventually find its way into the ocean food chain.
    (Reuters, 4/4/11)(SFC, 4/6/11, p.A3)(SFC, 4/6/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 4, The 7-member Kyrgyz Inquiry Commission (KIC) found that some military people were at least complicit in ethnic clashes that rocked southern Kyrgyzstan last June leaving some 470 people dead.
    (Econ, 5/14/11, p.54)(http://tinyurl.com/3nrhdt6)
2011        Apr 4, Libyan rebels insisted that the whole Kadhafi family must leave before there can be any truce with regime forces amid reports that his sons are offering to oversee a transition. Evacuees said Gaddafi forces using tanks and snipers were carrying out a "massacre" in Misrata with corpses on the streets and hospitals full of the wounded. Rebels advanced on the war-battered oil town of Brega and a Gadhafi envoy pressed other European countries for help in ending the crisis.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)(Reuters, 4/4/11)(AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Malaysia detainees set fire to an immigration center and about 100 of them escaped as the blaze partially gutted the facility in central Negri Sembilan state.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 4, Mexico announced a plan to reward people who report suspected money laundering, under a program that will allow them to get up to one-quarter of any illicit funds or property seized. In Acapulco a fierce gunbattle left a soldier and two gunmen killed and six people were wounded. Shortly later the severed heads of two men were found on Acapulco's main boulevard, near the beach resort area of Las Brisas.
    (AP, 4/5/11)(AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, Myanmar reported that nearly 700 fishermen were missing after a three-day burst of unseasonable storms that ripped apart rickety fishing boats in the Andaman Sea. The March 14-17 storms had whipped up 70 mph (112 kph) winds.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, A NATO official said the US military will pull its warplanes from front-line missions today and shift to a support role in the Libyan conflict.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In Pakistan a suicide bomber struck again, killing seven people at a bus station in the northwestern region of Lower Dir. The bullet-riddled body of Sardar Amanuddin, a Pakistani tribal elder was found near Wana, South Waziristan, six weeks after he was abducted.
    (AP, 4/4/11)
2011        Apr 4, In the northern West Bank Juliano Mer-Khamis, a well-known actor and theatre director born of Jewish and Arab parents, died when a gunman opened fire on his car in the Jenin refugee camp as he was driving home with his infant son and the babysitter.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.92)
2011        Apr 4, In the southern Philippines armed tribesmen freed a boy after getting food and water but kept at least 12 other hostages in jungle captivity to demand the release of jailed relatives and friends.
    (AP, 4/4/11)  
2011        Apr 4, In Vietnam Cu Huy Ha Vu (53), the dissident son of a Vietnamese revolutionary leader, was convicted of anti-state propaganda activities, including advocating an end to one-party communist rule. His lawyers the next day challenged his seven-year jail sentence, saying the judges violated the law during his short trial.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 4, Yemeni police and armed men in civilian clothes opened fire on demonstrators in the cities of Taiz and Hudaida killing at least 17 and wounding more than 30, as the drive to oust veteran President Saleh gathered pace. At least 97 demonstrators have been killed since protests began on Feb 11.
    (AFP, 4/4/11)(AP, 4/4/11)(SFC, 4/4/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 4, Zimbabwe Energy Minister Elton Mangoma, charged with abuse of office, was freed after the high court rejected a bid by prosecutors to block his release.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)

2012        Apr 4, Pres. Obama signed the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge Act, aka Stock Act.
    (SFC, 4/5/12, p.D2)
2012        Apr 4, The Obama administration lifted a travel ban on some Myanmar senior leaders and eased investment restriction as the government confirmed the opposition’s electoral sweep in democratic elections.
    (SFC, 4/5/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 4, In Louisiana a federal judge sentenced five former police officers to years in prison for the deadly shootings on the New Orleans Danziger Bridge in the chaotic days following Hurricane Katrina, but not before lashing out at prosecutors for allowing others involved to serve lighter penalties for their crimes. In 2013 a federal judge declared a mistrial citing misconduct by prosecutors.
    (AP, 4/4/12)(Econ, 9/14/13, p.32)
2012        Apr 4, It was reported that Wang Yusuo, founder of China’s ENN Group, has teemed with Nevada Senator Harry Reid to develop a solar plant in Laughlin, Nevada. ENN offered $4.5 million for land assessed at $38.6 million.
    (SFC, 4/4/12, p.D5)
2012        Apr 4, Yahoo announced that it will layoff 2,000 people, 14% of its work force, as part of a restructuring plan.
    (SFC, 4/5/12, p.A1)
2012        Apr 4, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked foreign military forces, killing at least 13 people including three American troops in Maymana, capital of Faryab province. Gunmen attacked an outpost of a government-sponsored militia and killed 10 members of the security force in Khaki Safed district, Farah province
    (AFP, 4/4/12)(AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 4, ASEAN leaders in Cambodia issued a statement showing a veneer of unity and promising to "intensify efforts" toward the full implementation of an agreement, signed 10 years earlier, to "promote peace." The association paralyzed by differences over how to deal with regional superpower China's claims to strategic islands in the South China Sea.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, ASEAN leaders called for Western countries, including the European Union, to immediately lift punitive sanctions imposed on Myanmar now that the once-pariah nation has embraced democratic reforms.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, In Brazil officer Rodrigo Cavalcante was killed while on foot patrol in the Rocinha shantytown of Rio de Janeiro. The officer's slaying was the ninth shooting death in the community since February.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 4, British officials said a new batch of counterfeit cancer drug Avastin discovered in the United States was bought in Turkey and shipped through Britain by a UK-based business. Avastin, made by Roche, is a complex injectable biotech drug with annual sales of $6 billion.
    (Reuters, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, Chile's Congress passed an anti-discrimination law following the killing of a gay man whose attackers beat him and carved swastikas into his body.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, Chile’s Supreme Court rejected environmental challenges to 5 dams on the Baker and Pascua rivers in Patagonia.
    (SFC, 4/5/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 4, China's state media reported that Premier Wen Jiabao has called for the break-up of a banking "monopoly" on lending that has squeezed private businesses as the global economy slows.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, French police rounded up 10 people in their second country-wide sweep in several days. The arrests were part of a high-profile crackdown on radical Islamists in the wake of attacks on soldiers and a Jewish school.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, Greek retiree Dimitris Christoulas (77) shot himself dead on central Syntagma Square in Athens during morning rush hour, leaving a note police said linked his suicide with the country's acute financial woes. Greece has seen an increase in suicides over the past two years of economic hardship.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, In Guinea workers at the Friguia plant, owned by world's biggest aluminium producer, went on strike after a lengthy pay dispute. Rusal has managed the bauxite mine, aluminium refinery and railway network since 2002 and privatized it in 2006. On Aug 24 Guinean unions asked the government to cancel Rusal's contract, a demand the company said had "no legal grounds", vowing to use all legal means to protect its ownership rights.
    (AFP, 8/26/12)
2012        Apr 4, Iraq approved a request from Kuwait's Jazeera Airways to operate services to Baghdad and Najaf, more than 20 years after direct flights between the neighbors were halted.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 4, In central Iraq a car bomb apparently targeting a local police chief killed five people and wounded 10 near the town of Dhuluiyah.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, Iraq's fugitive Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, accused of running a death squad, left the Gulf state of Qatar for Saudi Arabia.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu said he will seek to legalize three settler outposts, Bruchin, Sansana and Rechelim, established illegally in the West Bank. He also said that he would also seek a way to avoid the demolition of a fourth outpost, Ulpana. Israeli security forces evicted dozens of Jewish settlers from a building that they illegally took over in the West Bank city of Hebron.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)(AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, In Kenya massive boulders crashed onto houses in Mathare, a Nairobi slum, killing at least six people and trapping many underground after a night of heavy rains.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, In west Libya fresh fighting erupted after two days of deadly clashes near the border with Tunisia, but there were no reports of new casualties. The clashes since April 2 have left up to 18 people killed.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, In northeast Nigeria suspected members of a radical Islamist sect opened fire on a crowded market in Maiduguri, killing at least 7 people in an area protected by federal troops.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, Fuel began arriving in Gaza under a new deal between the territory's Hamas government and the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, A Russian antivirus company claimed that some 600,000 Macs, most in the US and Canada, have been infected with a trojan horse virus called "Flashback." Flashback was originally discovered in Sep 2011, and was designed to disguise itself as an Adobe Flash Player installer, using Flash player logos. After installing Flashback, the malware seeks out user names and passwords that are stored on your Mac.
    (http://mashable.com/2012/04/05/mac-flashback-trojan/)
2012        Apr 4, A Saudi official reiterated a position he announced late last year, confirming that Saudi Arabia will be fielding only male athletes in London. Prince Nawaf bin Faisal said, however, that Saudi women taking part on their own are free to do so and the kingdom's Olympic authority would "only help in ensuring that their participation does not violate the Islamic sharia law."
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 4, Saudi Arabia beheaded a man found guilty of shooting dead a fellow Saudi. His execution in Riyadh brought the total number of beheadings so far this year to 17.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, Senegalese superstar singer Youssou Ndour was appointed the country's new tourism and culture minister in President Macky Sall's cabinet.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 4, Serbian pro-Western President Boris Tadic said he is resigning, paving the way for an early presidential election on May 6, when he will face a strong challenge from nationalist candidate Tomislav Nikolic, who has received tacit support from Russia.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, Sierra Leone's government defended a multi-million dollar weapons shipment as part of routine procurement, after the United Nations called for an explanation over the import.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, In Somalia an explosion at the national theater in Mogadishu killed at least 4 people including two top sports officials in an attack by an Islamist group. Officials said a female suicide bomber was responsible, but al-Shabab said it was a planted device. The explosion at the newly reopened theater happened as PM Abdiweli Mohamed Ali was standing at the podium to deliver a speech.
    (AP, 4/4/12)(SFC, 4/5/12, p.A3)
2012        Apr 4, South Africa's ruling ANC suspended its fiery youth leader Julius Malema (30) with immediate effect, banning him from all party activities.
    (AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, South Sudan said it shot down a Sudanese fighter jet after two military planes dropped bombs around its oil fields, but Sudan denied it had lost such an aircraft.
    (AP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, Suriname granted amnesty to President Desi Bouterse for crimes committed under his earlier military dictatorship.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 4, Syrian troops clashed with army defectors and shelled rebellious districts in Homs, a day after the government claimed it had begun a troop withdrawal ahead of the April 10 deadline to implement an international truce plan. A former political detainee identified as Ahmad al-Othman (50) and his brother Adnan (40), a lawyer, were killed overnight when troops fired on their car from a machine gun on a tank in Idlib province. 52 people were killed around the country, including 28 civilians, with most of the casualties in the city and province of Homs.
    (AP, 4/4/12)(AFP, 4/4/12)
2012        Apr 4, The Ugandan government outlawed Activists 4 Change (A4C), an activist group behind anti-government protests over rising food and oil prices, on the grounds that it was "dangerous to the peace and order in Uganda."
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 4, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez returned from his latest round of radiation therapy treatment in Cuba.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 4, A Vietnamese survey said nearly 50% of Vietnamese companies admit to bribing officials in order to bid on contracts, but experts said the real figure could be far higher.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)

2013        Apr 4, The US Consumer Financial Protection Bureau said 4 mortgage insurers will pay over $15 million to settle claimes they paid illegal kickbacks to lenders in exchange for business.
    (SFC, 4/5/13, p.C3)
2013        Apr 4, Alabama lawmakers voted to allow posthumous pardons to the Scottsboro Boys, 9 black teens who were wrongly convicted of raping two white women over 80 years ago.
    (SFC, 4/5/13, p.A5)
2013        Apr 4, In Jackson, Mississippi, murder suspect Jerey Powell (23) attacked Detective Eric Smith (40) during questioning, wrestled a gun away, then shot and killed Smith before killing himself.
    (SFC, 4/6/13, p.A4)
2013        Apr 4, Roger Ebert (b.1942), film critic, died in Chicago. In 1986 he teamed with Gene Siskel (1946-1999) for a TV series named Siskel and Ebert and The Movies. The title of the show was shortened to simply Siskel and Ebert in mid-1987.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cgfqk6o)(SFC, 4/5/13, p.D7)
2013        Apr 4, Cape Verde Islands Radiotelevisao Caboverdiana reported that Rear Adm. Jose Americo Bubo Na Tchuto and four other Guinea-Bissau nationals were apprehended by US authorities aboard a yacht in international waters in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. The US Treasury Department designated Na Tchuto as a drug kingpin in 2010 for his alleged role in the cocaine trade in Guinea-Bissau.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 4, In Chile a series of fast-spreading port strikes in Chile blocked exports of copper, fruit and wood pulp and kept thousands of workers idle. The stoppage began in the northern port of Angamos more than two weeks ago, when workers began demanding a 30-minute lunch break and a place to set up a cafeteria.
    (AP, 4/4/13)
2013        Apr 4, In Colombia Victor Manuel Carranza (77), aka the “Emerald King," died of cancer.
    (Econ, 4/20/13, p.98)
2013        Apr 4, Egypt's president began a two-day visit to Sudan aimed at boosting cooperation after deteriorating relations between the two nations under ousted leader Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/4/13)
2013        Apr 4, Hong Kong hosted the 4th meeting of the Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET).
    (Econ, 4/13/13, p.73)
2013        Apr 4, In India a residential building being constructed illegally on forest land in a suburb Mumbai collapsed into a mound of steel and concrete, killing at least 72 people and injuring more some 70 others.
    (AP, 4/5/13)(AP, 4/6/13)
2013        Apr 4, Thousands of Palestinians took to the streets in the West Bank in a show of outrage over the deaths of two Palestinian protesters killed in clashes with Israel and a third Palestinian who died of cancer in an Israeli prison. In Gaza, militants fired a rocket that landed in southern Israel, causing no casualties.
    (AP, 4/4/13)
2013        Apr 4, Palestinian police began apprehending young men from various parts of Gaza, taking them into custody, then cutting their hair while in detention. Some were mocked and beaten.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 4, North Korea warned that its military has been cleared to wage an attack on the US using "smaller, lighter and diversified nuclear" weapons. South Korea's defense minister said North Korea has moved a missile with "considerable range" to its east coast, but he added that there are no signs that the North is preparing for a full-scale conflict.
    (AP, 4/4/13)
2013        Apr 4, Ukrainian lawmakers held two competing parliament sessions after pro-government legislators stormed out of the official parliament hall and moved to a nearby building in response to a protest by opposition parties.
    (AP, 4/4/13)
2013        Apr 4, The Ukraine-based group Femen, which stages pranks for women's and gay rights, held an International Topless Jihad day in support of Muslim women. In Tunisia a woman named Amina participated and went into hiding after reportedly receiving death threats. On Apr 6 she reappeared in an interview on French cable TV station Canal Plus saying she fears for her life and wants to take refuge abroad.
    (AP, 4/7/13)
2013        Apr 4, The UN says it is shuttering all its food distribution centers in the Gaza Strip after dozens of people stormed one of its compounds to protest the suspension of cash assistance to thousands of families.
    (AP, 4/5/13)

2014        Apr 4, Pres. Obama met with Tunisia’s PM Mehdi Jomaa in Washington DC for talks on security and financial aid. On returning home Jomaa said the US has extended $500 million in new loan guarantees to Tunisia and lifted a State Department warning about traveling there.
    (SFC, 4/4/14, p.A4)(AP, 4/6/14)
2014        Apr 4, US Attorney General Eric Holder promised Congress a thorough investigation into whether high-frequency trading violates laws against insider trading. The practice drew extensive coverage with the recent publication of “Flash Boys" by Michael Lewis.
    (SFC, 4/5/14, p.D1)
2014        Apr 4, In eastern Afghanistan Anja Niedringhaus (48), a veteran Associated Press photographer, was shot dead and reporter Kathy Gannon (60) was wounded while they were sitting in the back of a car when an Afghan policeman opened fire on them near Khost. The policeman, identified as a unit commander named Naqibullah, surrendered to colleagues after the shooting. On Jul 22 Naqibullah was convicted and sentenced to death. That decision was overturned by an appeals court and in 2015 Naqibullah was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (Reuters, 4/4/14)(AP, 4/8/14)(AP, 7/24/14)(AP, 3/29/15)
2014        Apr 4, Afghan residents in Nangarhar province said local Taliban militants have been offering voters 500 Pakistani rupees - the equivalent of just over $5 - to opt out of the April 5 election.
    (Reuters, 4/4/14)
    (AP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, In Belgium protesters, called by trade unions from across Europe, clashed with police in Brussels at a demonstration against high unemployment, throwing stones and smashing windows as they marched from the city center to the European Union district.
    (Reuters, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, British police re-arrested Domenico Rancadore in London after they received a new arrest warrant request from Italy. The warrant alleges that the 65-year-old has an "outstanding sentence of seven years of imprisonment to serve for participation in Mafia association" from 1987 to 1995 in Sicily.
    (AP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 4, China’s energy administration said it will close 1,725 small-scale mines with a total capacity of 117.48 million tons in 2014 as part of its program to phase out low-quality coal production.
    (Reuters, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, Ecuador's Tungurahua volcano spewed a 6-mile (10-km) column of ash after a powerful, five-minute explosion that shot pyroclastic material onto its northern and northwestern flanks.
    (AP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, European Union foreign ministers gathered in Athens for two days of an informal meeting where attention focused on the crisis in Ukraine and the civil war in Syria.
    (AP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 4, Guyana said it has closed a government office in Bartica that regulated the sale of gold after discovering that millions of dollars in gold had been replaced with silver. Several employees were detained.
    (SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 4, In central Indonesia a passenger train hit mounds of mud triggered by a landslide and derailed, killing at least 3 people.
    (AP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 4, In Iraq separate attacks targeting the military and a marketplace in Baghdad killed 6 people, including members of the security forces.
    (AP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, Israeli military aircraft struck militant targets in the Gaza Strip hours after Palestinians there fired rockets at Israel.
    (AP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, In Italy Curtis Bill Pepper (96), a long-time foreign correspondent for Newsweek and author of eight books, in Todi, Umbria.
    (AP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, Mali, Liberia and Sierra Leone geared up to tackle killer haemorrhagic fevers including Ebola, which has claimed 86 lives in Guinea. Mali claimed 3 suspect cases; Liberia claimed 14; Sierra Leone claimed several more.
    (AFP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, The Secretary General of the International Road Transport Union said Russia is inflicting $2.2 billion of annual costs on cross-border trade by enforcing illegal customs charges and inspections on trucks.
    (Reuters, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 4, South Korean rescuers recovered the bodies of two North Korean sailors, pulled three survivors and were searching for 11 others missing after their cargo ship sank off South Korea's coast. The Mongolian-flagged ship was carrying 16 North Korean crew members when it sent a distress signal in international waters about 130 km (80 miles) south of the southern port city of Yeosu.
    (AP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, In Syria regime tanks and warplanes pounded besieged Mleiha east of Damascus, pressing a campaign to take control of the opposition-held town. Fighting resumed in Latakia where more than 300 fighters on both sides have been killed in the past two weeks.
    (AFP, 4/4/14)
2014        Apr 4, Syria completed the delivery of a consignment of chemical weapons materials for export and destruction overseas.
    (SFC, 4/5/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 4, A Turkish court ruled that a blanket ban of social-media website YouTube violated human rights and ordered most of the restrictions be lifted, citing a top court ruling this week that scrapped a similar ban on microblogging site Twitter. But the court soon reversed the YouTube decision, saying the block would remain in place until the audio recordings allegedly showing top-level security talks on Syria are removed.
    (Reuters, 4/4/14)(AFP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 4, Ukraine's Western-backed leaders scrambled to find new sources of energy after Russia hiked its gas price by 81 percent in response to the overthrow of Kiev's pro-Kremlin regime.
    (AFP, 4/4/14)(AFP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 4, In Ukraine journalist Vasily Sergiyenko, a member of nationalist Svoboda party, was abducted in his home city of Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi. The body of the reporter was later found in a forest with stab wounds and signs of beatings to his head and knees.
    (AP, 4/6/14)

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