Today in History - April 5

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828        Apr 5, Nicephorus (~77), patriarch of Constantinople (806-815), died.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1242        Apr 5, Russian troops repelled an invasion attempt by Teutonic Knights. Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeated Teutonic Knights
    (HN, 4/5/99)(MC, 4/5/02)

1531        Apr 5, Richard Roose was boiled to death for trying to poison an archbishop.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1585        Apr 5, Clemens Crabbeels became bishop of Hertogenbosch.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1588        Apr 5, Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (Leviathan), was born.
    (HN, 5/5/97)

1603        Apr 5, New English king James I departed Edinburgh for London.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1614        Apr 5, American Indian princess Pocahontas (d.1617) married English Jamestown colonist John Rolfe in Virginia. Having converted to Christianity, she went by the name Lady Rebecca. Their marriage brought a temporary peace between the English settlers and the Algonquians.
    (HN, 5/5/97)(SFEC, 10/15/00, p.T12)(AP, 4/5/08)
1614        Apr 5, 2nd parliament of King James I began session (no enactments).
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1621        Apr 5, The Mayflower sailed from Plymouth, Mass., on a return trip to England.
    (AP, 5/5/97)

1626        Apr 5, Jan van Kessel (d.1679), Flemish painter, was born. He was the grandson of Jan Breughel. He is known for his small paintings on copper and wood. His “Study of Butterflies, Spiders, Lizards, a Beetle, an Ant, a Grasshopper and Other Insects” sold at a Sotheby’s auction in 2000 for $1,655,750.
    (WSJ, 6/9/00, p.W10)(MC, 4/5/02)

1648        Apr 5, Spanish troops and feudal barons struck down people's uprising in Naples.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1649        Apr 5, Elihu Yale (1721), the English philanthropist for whom Yale University is named, was born.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1652)(AP, 4/5/99)
1649        Apr 5, John Winthrop (61), 1st governor of the colony at Mass. Bay, died. [see Mar 26]
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1673        Apr 5, Francois Caron (~72), admiral, governor (Formosa), drowned.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1698        Apr 5, Georg Gottfried Wagner, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1722        Apr 5, On Easter Sunday Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen discovered a Polynesian Island 1400 miles from the coast of South America and named it Easter Island. He noted that the island was treeless and wondered how its massive statues were erected. Much of the population was later wiped out and the island became a possession of Chile. An indigenous script called rongorongo survived but by 2002 was still not deciphered. In 2005 Steven Roger Fischer authored “Island at the End of the World: The Turbulent History of Easter Island.”
    (WSJ, 1/7/05, p.W1)(http://islandheritage.org/eihistory.html)(Econ, 7/23/05, p.77)

1725        Apr 5, Giacomo Casanova, Italian writer, philanderer, adventurer, was born. [see Apr 2]
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1732        Apr 5, Jean Honore Fragonard (d.1806), France, painter, was born. He painted "The Shady Grove." Hubert Robert was a painter friend and the painting "La Jardinaire" was painted by one or the other.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Honor%C3%A9_Fragonard)(AAP, 1964)(WSJ, 2/19/99, p.W12)

1753        Apr 5, British Museum formed. It opened in 1759.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R53)(MC, 4/5/02)

1765        Apr 5, Edward Young (81), English poet (Love of Fame), died.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1768        Apr 5, 1st US Chamber of Commerce formed in NYC.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1784        Apr 5, Louis [Ludwig] Spohr, German violin virtuoso, composer (Faust), was born.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1788        Apr 5, Franz Pforr, German painter, cartoonist (Lukasbund), was born.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1792        Apr 5, George Washington cast the first presidential veto, rejecting a congressional measure for apportioning representatives among the states.
    (AP, 5/5/97)(HN, 5/5/97)

1794        Apr 5, Georges-Jacques Danton (b.1759), French revolutionary leader, was guillotined along with Marie Jean Herault de Sechelles, French author, politician, and Camille Desmoullins, popular journalist. In 2009 Jonathan Cape authored “Danton: The Gentle Giant of Terror.”
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.80)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Danton)

1803        Apr 5, 1st performance of Beethoven's 2nd Symphony in D.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1806        Apr 5, Isaac Quintard patented apple cider.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1811        Apr 5, Robert Raikes, founder of Sunday Schools, died.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1815        Apr 5, Mount Tambora on Sumbawa Island, Indonesia, in the Java Sea began erupting. [see Apr 10]
    (NOHY, 3/90, p.41)(www.britannica.com/eb/article?tocId=9071099)

1827        Apr 5, Joseph Lister (d.1912), English physician, was born. He founded the idea of using antiseptics during surgery.
    (WUD, 1994, p.836)(HN, 4/5/99)

1830        Apr 5, Alexander Muir, poet (Maple Leaf Forever), was born in Lesmahagow, Scotland.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1837        Apr 5, Algernon Charles Swinburne (d.1909), English poet (Atalanta in Calydon), was born.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1839        Apr 5, Robert Smalls, black congressman from South Carolina, 1875-87, was born.
    (HN, 5/5/97)

1843        Apr 5, Queen Victoria proclaimed Hong Kong a British crown colony.
    (HN, 4/5/99)

1856        Apr 5, Booker T. Washington, Black American educator, was born in Franklin County, Va. The former slave later founded the Tuskegee Institute. Booker Taliaferro Washington later became the 1st black on US stamp. His autobiography "Up From Slavery" was listed in 1999 as the 3rd best work of non-fiction in the English language in the 20th century by the Modern Library.
    (AP, 5/5/97)(HN, 4/5/99)(SFC, 4/29/99, p.C5)

1858        Apr 5, Washington Atlee Burpee, founded the world's largest mail-order seed company, was born.
    (HN, 4/5/01)

1861        Apr 5, Gideon Wells, the Secretary of the Navy, issued official orders for the relief of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, S.C.
    (HN, 4/5/99)
1861        Apr 5, Federals abandoned Ft. Quitman, Tx.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1862        Apr 5, Siege of Yorktown, VA., continued.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1865        Apr 5, As the Confederate army approached Appomattox, it skirmished with Union army at Amelia Springs and Paine's Cross Road, Va.
    (HN, 4/5/99)(MC, 4/5/02)

1874        Apr 5, Johann Strauss, Jr.'s Opera "Die Fledermaus" was produced in Vienna.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1887        Apr 5, In Tuscumbia, Ala., teacher Anne Sullivan taught her blind and deaf pupil, Helen Keller, the word "water" as spelled out in the Manual Alphabet.
    (AP, 5/5/97)
1887        Apr 5, British historian Lord Acton wrote, "Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men."
    (AP, 5/5/08)

1889        Apr 5, Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Copper Beeches."
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1894        Apr 5, 11 strikers were killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1894        Apr 5, Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House."
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1895        Apr 5, Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students."
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1895        Apr 5, Playwright Oscar Wilde lost his criminal libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry, who had accused the writer of homosexual practices.
    (AP, 5/5/97)

1900        Apr 5, Spencer Tracy (d.1967), film actor (Adam's Rib, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner), was born.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, DB p.56,58)(HN, 4/5/01)
1900        Apr 5, An assassination attempt of Prince of Wales in Brussels failed.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1901        Apr 5, Chester Bowles, ambassador, writer (Conscience of a Liberal), was born in Mass.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1901        Apr 5, Melvyn Douglas, [Hesselberg], actor (Hud, Ghost Story), was born in Macon, Ga.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1902        Apr 5, Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1908        Apr 5, Bette Davis (d.1989), film actress (Jezebel, All About Eve), was born. "Love is not enough. It must be the foundation, the cornerstone -- but not the complete structure. It is much too pliable, too yielding."
    (AP, 7/15/99)(HN, 4/5/01)
1908        Apr 5, Herbert von Karajan, Nazi, conductor (Berlin Philharmonic), was born in Austria.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1908        Apr 5, George Schick, conductor (Chicago Symphony), was born in Prague, Czech.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1908        Apr 5, Japanese Army reached the Yalu River as the Russians retreated.
    (HN, 5/5/97)

1915        Apr 5, Jack Johnson (1878-1946), African-American heavyweight champion boxer since 1908, lost the heavyweight championship in Cuba to Jess Willard in the 26th round.
    (SFC, 1/17/05, p.D6)(www.hickoksports.com/biograph/johnsonjack.shtml)
1915        Apr 5, Black American educator Booker T. Washington (b.1856) died. His autobiography "Up From Slavery" was listed in 1999 as the 3rd best work of non-fiction in the English language in the 20th century by the Modern Library.
    (AP, 4/5/97)(WUD, 1994, p.1611)(SFC, 4/29/99, p.C5)

1916        Apr 5, Gregory Peck, film actor (To Kill a Mockingbird), was born in La Jolla, Calif.
    (HN, 4/5/01)(MC, 4/5/02)

1917        Apr 5, Robert Bloch, sci-fi author (Hugo, Psycho), was born.
    (HN, 4/5/01)(MC, 4/5/02)

1919        Apr 5, Eamon de Valera became Taoiseach (prime minister) of Ireland (Dail Eireann).
    (HN, 5/5/97)(MC, 4/5/02)
1919        Apr 5, Polish Army executed 35 young Jews.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1920        Apr 5, Arthur Hailey (d.2004), author, was born in Luton, England. His later novels included “Hotel” and ”Airport.”
    (HN, 4/5/01)(SFC, 11/26/04, p.B3)
1920        Apr 5, Japanese forces landed in Vladivostok.
    (HN, 5/5/97)

1923        Apr 5, Michael V. Gazzo, actor (Cookie, Fear City), was born in Hillside, NJ.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1923        Apr 5, Firestone Co. put their inflatable tires into production.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1923        Apr 5, George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert (56), England’s 5th Earl of Lord Carnarvon, died in Egypt from an infected mosquito bite. He financed the excavation of the Egyptian New Kingdom Pharaoh Tutankhamen’s tomb in Egypt's Valley of the Kings.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Herbert,_5th_Earl_of_Carnarvon)
1923        Apr 5, Nguyen Van Thieu, president of South Vietnam (1965-75), selected this date as his birth date on the grounds that it was luckier than his Nov 1924 birthday.
    (HN, 5/5/97)(SFC, 10/1/01, p.B2)(MC, 4/5/02)

1925        Apr 5, A few people gathered in Robinson’s drugstore in Dayton, Tennessee, agree that the Butler Bill, opposing the teaching of evolution, might provide a grand opportunity for profit if they can arrange for the trial to happen in their town.
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.74-76)

1926        Apr 5, Roger Corman, producer, director (Little Shop of Horrors), was born in Detroit.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1927        Apr 5, Johnny Weissmuller set records in 100 and 200 m. free style.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1928        Apr 5, David Farquhar Andress, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1930        Apr 5, Mahatma Ghandi defied British law by making salt in India instead of buying it from the British.
    (HN, 4/5/99)

1932        Apr 5, A Dutch textile strike was broken by trade unions.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1936        Apr 5, Tupelo, Mississippi, was virtually annihilated by a tornado and 216 died.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1937        Apr 5, Colin Powell, U.S. Army general, was born in Bronx, New York. He later became the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during the Persian Gulf War and first African American to serve in the position. In 2000 Pres.-elect Bush appointed him to be Sec. of State.
    (HFA, '96, p.28)(HN, 4/5/99)(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.A14)

1938        Apr 5, Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Dabrowa, Poland.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1939        Apr 5, Membership in Hitler Youth became obligatory.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1941        Apr 5, German commandos secured docks along the Danube River in preparation for Germany's invasion of the Balkans.
    (HN, 4/5/99)

1943        Apr 5, The British 8th Army attacked the next blocking position of the retreating Axis forces at Wadi Akarit.
    (HN, 4/5/99)

1944        Apr 5, 140 Lancasters bombed airplane manufacturer in Toulouse.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1946        Apr 5, Vincent Millie Youmans (47), US composer (Tea For Two), died.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1948        Apr 5, WGN TV channel 9 in Chicago, IL., began broadcasting.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1949        Apr 5, The 60 year old St. Anthony's Hospital burned and killed 77 in Effingham, Ill.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1951        Apr 5, Husband and wife Julius and Ethel Rosenberg of New York City were sentenced to death by Judge Irving R. Kaufman on charges of selling US atomic secrets to the Soviet Union, enabling the Soviets to detonate their first nuclear weapon in 1949. Although the couple consistently claimed to be innocent, a jury of 11 men and one woman found them guilty on March 30 on the evidence provided by key government witness David Greenglass, Ethel Rosenberg's brother. Co-defendant Morton Sobell was sentenced to 30 years in prison. He was released in 1969. The Rosenbergs were electrocuted on June 19, 1953, leaving behind two young sons.
    (CL, 4/5/96)(AP, 5/5/97)(HN, 5/5/97)(HNPD, 4/5/99)(AP, 4/5/04)
1951        Apr 5, In San Francisco the first fully separate food section made its Chronicle debut.
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, p.W3)

1955        Apr 5, Richard J. Daley was elected mayor of Chicago. He served 6 terms until his death in 1976.
    (www.chipublib.org/004chicago/mayors/daley1.html)(Econ, 3/18/06, Survey p.14)
1955        Apr 5, Winston Churchill resigned as British prime minister. He was replaced by Anthony Eden who served to 1957. Eden's biography by Sir Robert Rhodes James (d.1999 at 66) was published in 1987.
    (HN, 5/5/97)(SFC, 5/25/99, p.Be)

1962        Apr 5, Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1962        Apr 5, NASA civilian pilot Neil A. Armstrong took the X-15 to 54,600 m.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1962        Apr 5, St. Bernard Tunnel was finished and Swiss and Italians workers shook hands.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1964        Apr 5, Army Gen. Douglas MacArthur (b.1880) died in Washington, D.C. In 1978 William Manchester authored: "American Caesar: Douglas MacArthur." In 2006 Robert Harvey authored “American Shogun: A Tale of Two Cultures,” which includes a biography of Japan’s Emp. Hirohito in parallel with MacArthur.  
    (AP, 4/5/97)(BS, 5/3/98, p.13E)(WSJ, 8/3/06, p.D5)
1964        Apr 5, 1st driverless trains ran on the London Underground.
    (MC, 4/5/02)

1965        Apr 5, In the 37th Academy Awards "My Fair Lady," Rex Harrison and Julie Andrews won.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1965        Apr 5, Lava Lamp Day was celebrated.
    (MC, 4/5/02)
1965        Apr 5, The second Indo-Pakistani conflict began when fighting broke out in the Rann of Kachchh, a sparsely inhabited region along the West Pakistan-India border.
     (Encyclopaedia.com, 2002)

1967        Apr 5, Pres. Johnson appointed Ellsworth Bunker (1894-1984) as the new ambassador to Saigon, South Vietnam. Bunker replaced Lodge and continued as ambassador to 1973.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Ambassador_to_South_Vietnam)

1968        Apr 5, Riots erupted across the US following the King assassination.
    (CL, 4/5/96)
1968        Apr 5, In Vietnam the siege of Khe Sahn ended after 76 days.
    (HN, 5/5/97)

1970        Apr 5, Six Nepalese Sherpas died in an avalanche during a Japanese skiing expedition on Everest.
    (SFC, 5/15/96, A-10)(www.everestsummiteersassociation.org/listofdeadoneverst.htm)

1971        Apr 5, In Sicily, Italy, Mount Etna began a series of eruptions.
    (http://boris.vulcanoetna.com/ETNA_erupt2.html)
1971        Apr 5-1971 Apr 23, In Ceylon (later Sri Lanka) the People’s Liberation Front attempted a nationwide coup, but the army and Mr. Bandaranaike’s government regained control.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)

1972        Apr 5, The Harrisburg 7 trial ended in mistrial after 11 weeks. Philip Berrigan & Sister Elizabeth McAllister were declared guilty, but only of smuggling letters in & out of prison. Librarian Zoia Horn (d.2014) had refused to testify at the trail, becoming the first US librarian to be jailed for refusing to testify. She was freed after 20 days when a jury deadlocked on conspiracy charges.
    (www.well.com/~mareev/TIMELINE/1971-1972.html)(SFC, 7/16/14, p.E5)

1973        Apr 5, Pioneer 11, built to be a backup if Pioneer 10 failed, was launched from Kennedy Space Center in Florida, on an Atlas-Centaur rocket, on a trajectory similar to Pioneer 10. After Pioneer 10 completed the first ever successful encounter with Jupiter, Pioneer 11 was re-targeted, even while it was flying outward, for an eventual encounter with Saturn after its visit to Jupiter in December, 1973.
    (http://www.spacetoday.org/SolSys/ThePioneers.html)

1974        Apr 5, The World Trade Center (WTC), the tallest building in the world at 110 stories, opened in NYC.
    (HN, 5/5/97)

1975        Apr 5, Chiang Kai-shek (b.1887), Chinese statesman and president of the Republic (1943-1950) and President of the Republic of China, Taiwan (1950-1975), died at age 87. Madame Chiang Kai-shek (Soong Mayling) moved to New York following her husband's death. In 1982 Sterling Seagrave authored "The Soong Dynasty." In 2009 Jay Taylor authored “The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China.”
    (WUD, 1994, p.254)(AP, 5/5/97)(SFC, 1/27/00, p.E1,5)(Econ, 5/9/09, p.86)

1976        Apr 5, Tom Stoppard's "Dirty Linen," premiered in London.
    (www.donshewey.com/theater_reviews/dirty_linen.html)
1976        Apr 5, Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes died in Houston at age 72. In 1993 Charles Higham authored “Howard Hughes: The Secret Life.” In 1996 Peter Harry Brown and Pat H. Broeske authored "Howard Hughes: The Untold Story." Hughes had hired a coterie of Mormons to take care of his confidential business. These included Frank William Gay (1920-2007), who led Hughes’ Summa Corp. from 1970-1978.
    (AP, 4/5/97)(SFC, 10/21/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 5/26/07, p.A6)
1976        Apr 5, James Callaghan became PM of England. He served until May 4, 1979.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Callaghan)

1979        Apr 5, The play “Faith Healer” by Brian Friel opened on Broadway with James Mason as Frank. It closed after 3 weeks.
    (Econ, 2/25/06, p.88)(www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=3933)

1980        Apr 5, Eleven Puerto Rican FALN members were arrested for attempting to rob an armored truck at Northwestern University; three were linked to the raid on the Carter-Mondale campaign headquarters. Several of those arrested were granted clemency in 1999.
    (WSJ, 9/14/99, p.A22)
1980        Apr 5, Sister Margaret Ann Pahl (71) was stabbed 31 times and strangled to death. Her body was found in the chapel of Mercy Hospital, Toledo, Ohio. In 2004 Rev. Gerald Robinson (63) was arrested for the murder. In 2006 Robinson was convicted of murder. On July 4, 2014, Robinson, who continued to maintain his innocence, died in a prison hospice unit.
    (SFC, 4/24/04, p.A2)(SFC, 5/12/06, p.A3)(AP, 7/4/14)

1981        Apr 5, It was reported that Yugoslav authorities appeared to be sending extra militia units to the southern province of Kosovo after nationalist demonstrations in which 35 people were injured and scores arrested.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2n6atk)

1982        Apr 5, Abe Fortas (b.1910), former Supreme court justice (1965-1969), died. He had resigned on May 14, 1969, under pressure for the acceptance of an allegedly illegal payment from a former business associate.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abe_Fortas)
1982        Apr 5, Lord Carrington (b.1919) resigned as Britain’s foreign secretary.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Carington,_6th_Baron_Carrington)

1983        Apr 5, France threw out 47 Soviet diplomats accusing them of espionage.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2n2m92)

1984        Apr 5, In California Tina Faelz (14) was stabbed to death in a culvert under I-680 while she was walking home from school in Pleasanton. Fellow students discovered her body shortly afterward. On Aug 8, 2011, the Pleasanton Police Department announced that Steven J. Carlson (43), a former classmate of the Foothill High student has been arrested in her killing. In 2012 his case was transferred to adult court. On Oct 30, 2014, Carlson was convicted of first-degree murder.
    (SFC, 8/9/11, p.A1)(SFC, 1/11/12, p.C3)(SFC, 10/31/14, p.D2)
1984        Apr 5, Arthur Travers ("Bomber") Harris (b.1892), marshal of British RAF, died.
    (www.ihr.org/jhr/v05/v05p431_Lutton.html)

1986        Apr 5, A Berlin nightclub was bombed. US Sgt. Kenneth Ford (21) and Nermin Hannay (29) died at the scene. Sgt. James Goins (25) died later in hospital. 230 people were injured. Palestinian Yasser Shraydi (Chraidi) was suspected of playing a lead role in the bombing of the La Belle discotheque. In 1996 he was extradited from Lebanon to face charges in Germany. In 1996 Andrea Hasler was arrested in Greece and extradited to Germany. Also a woman named Verena Chanaa, suspected of planting the bomb, and her former husband named Ali Chanaa were arrested in Berlin. In 1997 Musbah Abulghasen Eter was arrested by Italian police in Rome in connection with the bombing. In 2001 V. Chanaa was sentenced to 14 years, A. Chanaa and Eter were sentenced to 12 years, and Chraidi was sentenced to 14 years. Libya was implicated and in 2004 agreed to pay $35 million in compensation.
    (SFC, 5/234/96, p.A14)(SFC, 10/12/96, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/28/97, p.A1)(SFC, 8/28/97, p.C3)(SFC, 11/14/01, p.A18)(AP, 9/3/04)
1986        Apr 5, Manly Wade Wellman (b.1903), sci-fi author (Devil's Planet), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manly_Wade_Wellman)

1987        Apr 5, Fox Broadcasting Co. made its prime-time TV debut by airing the premiere episodes of "Married ... With Children" and "The Tracey Ullman Show" three times each. In 2004 Daniel M. Kimmel authored “The Fourth Network.” Ron Leavitt (1947-2008), writer and producer, co-created “Married… With Children” with Michael Moye.
    (AP, 4/5/02)(WSJ, 6/11/04, p.W4)(SFC, 2/13/08, p.B7)
1987        Apr 5, In New York state the Schoharie Creek Bridge, a New York State Thruway bridge over the Schoharie Creek near Fort Hunter, collapsed killing 10 people.
    (SFC, 4/11/09, p.D12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schoharie_Creek_Bridge_collapse)

1988        Apr 5 Gov. Michael S. Dukakis won a solid victory in Wisconsin's Democratic presidential primary while, on the Republican side, Vice President George Bush overwhelmed his opposition.
    (AP, 5/5/97)
1988        Apr 5, Honduran and US authorities captured Juan Ramon Matta-Ballesteros (b.1945). He was taken from Honduras by US marshals, triggering violent protests, the burning of a US Embassy office and the deaths of five people. In 2011 a court issued warrants for the arrest of 11 former officials accused of helping US authorities seize the drug trafficker.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Matta-Ballesteros)(AP, 8/10/11)
1988        Apr 5 A 15-day hijacking ordeal began as gunmen forced a Kuwait Airways jumbo jet to land in Iran.
    (AP, 5/5/97)
1988        Apr 5, Alf Kjellin, Swedish actor, director (Juggler), died.
    (www.tv.com/alf-kjellin/person/24487/summary.html)

1989        Apr 5, Joseph Hazelwood, former captain of the Exxon Valdez supertanker that leaked nearly 11 million gallons of oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound, surrendered to authorities in New York.
    (AP, 4/5/99)
1989        Apr 5, The government of Poland signed an agreement restoring the independent labor movement Solidarity after a seven-year ban.
    (AP, 4/5/99)

1990        Apr 5, It was announced that President Bush and Soviet President Gorbachev would hold their first full-scale summit in the United States.
    (AP, 4/5/00)
1990        Apr 5, Paul Newman won a court victory over Julius Gold to keep giving all profits from Newman foods to charity.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1990-4/1990-04-05-CBS-15.html)

1991        Apr 5, The US government reported the nation’s jobless rate surged to six-point-eight percent in March.
    (AP, 4/5/01)
1991        Apr 5, The space shuttle “Atlantis” blasted off on a mission that included the deploying of the second of “NASA’s” Great Observatories. NASA launched the $670 million Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. It was directed to a suicide plunge in 2000.
    (SFC, 3/24/00, p.A5)(SFC, 6/3/00, p.A6)(AP, 4/5/01)
1991        Apr 5, Former Texas Senator John Tower, his daughter and 21 other people were killed in a commuter plane crash near Brunswick, Georgia.
    (AP, 4/5/01)
1991        Apr 5, The UN adopted Resolution 688, which condemned Sadam Hussein’s suppression of the Kurds and demanded respect and political rights for all citizens. A safe haven was established above Iraq’s 36th parallel.
    (www.fas.org/news/un/iraq/sres/sres0688.htm)(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A7)

1992        Apr 5, In Washington, D.C., a crowd estimated by authorities at half a million marched in support of abortion rights.
    (AP, 4/5/97)
1992        Apr 5, Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton died in Little Rock, Ark., at age 74.
    (AP, 4/5/97)
1992        Apr 5, A medical student (Suada Dilberovic) became the first fatality of war in Bosnia-Herzegovina as Serb nationalists began forcibly opposing the republic's secession from Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 4/5/97)
1992        Apr 5, Pres. Fujimori seized dictatorial power by sending tanks to shut down Peru's Congress and judiciary. Former president Alan Garcia fled Peru to avoid arrest by the Fujimori regime. In 2008 Peru's Cabinet chief testified at the trial of former President Alberto Fujimori that security forces attempted to assassinate Garcia following the shut down of Congress.
    (SFC, 1/19/01, p.D4)(AP, 1/18/08)

1993        Apr 5 North Carolina defeated Michigan 77-71 to win its first NCAA basketball championship in 11 years.
    (AP, 5/5/97)
1993        Apr 5 The European Community called for more and tighter sanctions on Serbia to try to force Belgrade's allies in Bosnia to accept a peace plan.
    (AP, 5/5/97)

1994        Apr 5, "Jackie Mason Politically Incorrect" opened at the John Golden Theater in NYC for 347 performances.
    (www.theatredb.com/QShow.php?sid=s0495)
1994        Apr 5, President Clinton presided over a 90-minute town hall meeting in Charlotte, N.C., in which he called himself the victim of "false charges" in connection with the Whitewater controversy.
    (AP, 4/5/99)
1994        Apr 5, Kurt Cobain (b.1967), singer-musician for the grunge band Nirvana, committed suicide in Seattle. [see Apr 8]
    (NW, 10/28/02, p.68)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_)
1994        Apr 5, Andre Victor Tchelistcheff (b.1901), Russian-born winemaker, died in California. He developed frost-prevention techniques and helped curb vine disease in Napa Valley. Besides managing Beaulieu Vineyards in Napa for 35 years, Tchelistcheff operated a private wine laboratory in St. Helena for 15 years. He also assembled a fabled library of wine literature.
    (http://tinyurl.com/8kqmd)

1995        Apr 5, The House of Representatives passed, 246-188, a tax-cut bill, the final major item in the Republicans' "Contract with America."
    (AP, 4/5/00)
1995        Apr 5, The Mekong Agreement created the Mekong River Commission with Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam as members.
    (Econ, 1/7/12, p.34)(www.kellnielsen.dk/mekong/agreem.htm)

1996        Apr 5, Accompanied by six children who survived the Oklahoma City bombing, President Clinton bowed his head in silent prayer at the site where 168 people were killed almost a year earlier.
    (AP, 4/5/01)
1996        Apr 5, Francis Wood, administrator of the China dept. of the British Library questioned the authenticity of Marco Polo’s travels in a study titled: “Did Marco Polo Go to China?”
    (SFC, 4/6/96, p.D-2)
1996        Apr 5, Heavy fighting in Mogadishu, Somalia left 75 people dead, after peace talks broke down between clan leaders Mohamed Farak Aidid and his former backer, Osman Hassan Ali Ato.
    (SFC, 4/6/96, p.D-2)

1997        Apr 5 Allen Ginsberg (b.1926), the counterculture guru who shattered conventions as poet laureate of the Beat Generation, died in New York City at age 70. His last book of poems "Death and Fame: Last Poems 1993-1997" was edited by Bob Rosenthal, Peter Hale and Bill Morgan following his death. In 2000 Bill Morgan edited "Deliberate Prose: Selected Essays 1952-1995." In 2001 David Carter edited "Allen Ginsberg: Spontaneous Mind, The Selected Interviews, 1958-1996." In 2006 Bill Morgan authored “I Celebrate Myself: The Somewhat Private Life of Allen Ginsberg.”
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, p.A11)(AP, 5/5/97)(WSJ, 4/2/99, p.W6)(SFEC, 5/9/99, BR p.3)(SFEC, 3/5/00, DB p.4)(SSFC, 4/8/01, BR p.2)(SSFC, 11/5/06, p.M1)
1997        Apr 5, Regional police reported the arrest of 7 men in Novosibirsk, Russia, who officials said planned to smuggle 11 pounds (5.2kg) of enriched uranium to Pakistan or China. The uranium was reportedly stolen from a plant in the former Soviet republic of Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 11/29/07)(http://tinyurl.com/3cydhn)
1997        Apr 5, From Serbia it was reported the Pres. Milosevic might step down from Serbian presidency at the end of his 2 terms and try to assume the ceremonial post of president of all of Yugoslavia (i.e. Serbia and Montenegro).
    (SFC, 4/5/97, p.A8)
1997        Apr 5, In Zaire the rebels agreed to allow a UN airlift of some 80,000 Rwandan refugees back to their homeland.
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, p.A17)

1998        Apr 5, In Leeds, England, environment chiefs from the world's top eight industrialized nations announced plans to curb the smuggling of hazardous waste, endangered species and substances that damage the ozone layer.
    (AP, 4/5/99)
1998        Apr 5, In Indonesia an outbreak of dengue fever killed 125 people since the beginning of the year in South Sumatra.
    (SFEC, 4/5/98, p.T13)
1998        Apr 5, Iran and Iraq exchanged 1,589 prisoners of war, bringing the number to over 4,000. Up to 30,000 prisoners were thought to be held by both sides.
    (SFC, 4/6/98, p.A16)
1998        Apr 5, In Japan the $3.8 billion, 12,906 foot Akashi Kaikyo Bridge linking the islands of Shikoku and Honshu was opened. It was built to withstand an 8.5 earthquake and took ten years to build.
    (SFEC, 4/6/98, p.A13)
1998        Apr 5 South Korea accepted to reopen talks with North Korea on economic aid and other issues. North Korea proposed yesterday that officials at the deputy minister level meet in Beijing for talks.
    (SFEC, 4/6/98, p.A12)

1999        Apr 5, The US Supreme Court ruled that police can search the belongings of car passengers while seeking evidence against the driver.
    (WSJ, 4/6/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 5, In Laramie, Wyo., Russell Henderson pleaded guilty to kidnapping and felony murder in the death of Matthew Shepard, a gay college student.
    (AP, 4/5/00)
1999        Apr 5, At Newport News, Va., members of local 8888 of the United Steelworkers went on strike. The shipyard offered a $2.49 per hour raise over 3 years as opposed to the union demand for $3.95.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.D1)
1999        Apr 5, In Kansas City, Mo., 5 decomposing bodies were found in the home of Gary Beach (56) and his stepson. Beach was arrested the next day. The 5 dead included his stepson and were thought to have been dead from 2-7 days.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.A3)(SFC, 4/7/99, p.A2)
1999        Apr 5, NATO attacks struck Belgrade, Nis and Novi Sad in the most ferocious attacks for a 13th straight day. The first Kosovo refugees were flown out to Norway and Turkey and the US said it would take some 20,000 to Guantanamo Ari Base in Cuba. Pres. Clinton asked for public donations for the relief effort.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.A1,8)(AP, 4/5/00)
1999        Apr 5, In Indonesia 2 people were killed during clashes in Liquisa, East Timor. Jose Alexandre Gusmao, under house arrest in Jakarta, called for guerrilla attacks against Indonesian forces. In Maluku province soldiers found some 20 burned bodies in the village of Larat on Kai Besar Island.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.A10)
1999        Apr 5, In Macedonia ethnic Albanians were blocked at the border due to extremely slow processing by government officials. Political stability was feared and the UN was denied a mandate to process the refugees.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.A8)
1999        Apr 5, Iraq claimed that US and British warplanes bombed a control station that delivered oil approved for export on a UN humanitarian program.
    (SFC, 4/7/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 5, Libya handed over to UN officials 2 men accused in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103. They were then flown to the Hague to be tried under Scottish law. UN Sec. Gen'l. Kofi Annan immediately suspended economic sanctions on Libya.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.A1)(SFC, 4/6/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/6/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 5, Serbia said a dozen civilians were killed by NATO bombs at Aleksinac.
    (WSJ, 4/7/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 5, In Turkey a suicide bomber killed himself and a teenage girl in an apparent attempt on the life of Gov. Suleyman Kamci.
    (SFC, 4/6/99, p.A10)

2000        Apr 5, Ending a two-year investigation, a US independent counsel cleared Labor Secretary Alexis Herman of allegations that she’d solicited $250,000 in illegal campaign contributions.
    (AP, 4/5/01)
2000        Apr 5, A 261-page report by the 12-person National Research Council said “it was not aware of any evidence suggesting foods on the market today are unsafe to eat as a result of genetic modification.”
    (SFC, 4/6/00, p.A3)
2000        Apr 5, The Netscape 6 browser was introduced.
    (WSJ, 4/5/00, p.B1)
2000        Apr 5, The WHO and UNAIDS recommended that the drug trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (or cotrimoxazole) be used to fight AIDS in Africa. The antibiotic, also known as Bactrim, would help victims live longer.
    (SFC, 4/6/00, p.A10)
2000        Apr 5, In Brazil Jose Rainha Jr., leader of the Landless Rural Workers Movement, was acquitted of the 1989 killing of farm owner Jose Machado Neto.
    (SFC, 4/6/00, p.A12)
2000        Apr 5, Yoshiro Mori took over as Japan’s new prime minister, succeeding Keizo Obuchi, who’d been felled by a stroke.
    (AP, 4/5/01)
2000        Apr 5, In Mexico Rodolfo Montiel, an imprisoned peasant leader, was awarded the $125,000 Goldman Environmental Prize for his efforts to protect the forests of the Sierra Madre. 6 other winners were scheduled for Apr 17.
    (SFC, 4/6/00, p.A16)
2000        Apr 5, In Pakistan Nawaz Sharif was sentenced to life in prison for hijacking and terrorism due to his Oct 12 refusal to let a passenger plane land with 198 people aboard.
    (SFC, 4/6/00, p.A12)
2000        Apr 5, In Peru Alejandro Toledo (54), the “Cholo,” rose dramatically in the polls as opposition candidate to Pres. Alberto Fujimori, the “Chino.” Toledo represented the Peru Possible Party.
    (SFC, 4/6/00, p.A12)
2000        Apr 5, In Russia the FSB arrested a US businessman for suspected espionage after he allegedly bought information on defense technology from Russian scientists. Edmond Pope was later identified as a retired navy captain working for Pennsylvania State Univ. in applied research. The key witness against Pope recanted his testimony in Nov.
    (SFC, 4/6/00, p.A12)(USAT, 4/7/00, p.6A)(SFC, 11/11/00, p.A14)

2001        Apr 5, Wang Zhizhi of China, 7 feet and 1 inch tall, made his NBA debut for the Dallas Mavericks. Wang Zhizhi became the first Chinese player to play in the NBA when he took the court for Dallas against Atlanta. He scored six points and grabbed three rebounds as the Mavericks beat the Hawks 108-to-94.
    (SSFC, 4/15/01, p.A17)(AP, 4/5/02)
2001        Apr 5, The United States and China intensified negotiations for the release of an American spy plane's crew; President Bush, in a conciliatory gesture, expressed regret over the plane's Apr 1 in-flight collision with a Chinese fighter that triggered the tense standoff.
    (SFC, 4/6/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/5/02)
2001        Apr 5, The DJIA rose 402 to 9,918, its 2nd largest point gain ever. The Nasdaq rose 146 to 1,785, its 3rd biggest % increase.
    (SFC, 4/6/01, p.A1)
2001        April 5, Michelle Curran (16) was reported missing in Las Vegas. She was kidnapped as she hitchhiked, sexually abused for three weeks, and then shot in the head. In 2006 Michael Thorton (50) and Janeen Snyder (26) were both found guilty of murder, rape with a foreign object, and burglary. The pair were sentenced to death.
    (http://tinyurl.com/fww93)(SFC, 9/9/06, p.B2)
2001        cApr 5, Presidents Robert Kocharian of Armenia and Heydar Aliyev of Azerbaijan met in Key West, Fla., for negotiations on Nagorno-Karabakh. A new $2.7 billion oil pipeline from Baku to Ceyhan, Turkey, was expected to pass just north of the area. Halliburton Co., was a finalist in engineering bids for the line and Vice President Chaney was the former chief executive of Halliburton. National Security Advisor Condoleeza Rice formerly served on the Board of Directors for Chevron, a player in the pipeline bid.
    (SFC, 4/4/01, p.A10)
2001        Apr 5, Dutch driver Perry Wacker was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 14 years in prison in the deaths of 58 Chinese immigrants who suffocated in his truck in Dover, England.
    (AP, 4/5/02)
2001        Apr 5, Iyad Hardan, head of Sarai al-Quds, the military wing of the Islamic Jihad, was killed in the explosion of a booby trapped pay phone in the West Bank.
    (SFC, 4/6/01, p.A16)
2001        Apr 5, In Mexico Brig. Gen. Ricardo Martinez was arrested with aides Capt. Pedro Maya and Lt. Javier Quevedo on drug trafficking charges.
    (SFC, 4/7/01, p.A14)
2001        Apr 5, In the Philippines former Pres. Estrada was indicted for allegedly pocketing $82 million in kickbacks and payoffs over his 2 ½ years in office.
    (SFC, 4/6/01, p.D6)

2002        Apr 5, US mediator Anthony Zinni met with Yasser Arafat in Ramallah as Israeli forces continued their offensive. At least 35 Palestinians were killed on the bloodiest day of fighting since the beginning of Israel's week-old military offensive.
    (SFC, 4/6/02, p.A1)(AP, 4/5/03)
2002        Apr 5, A new US stamp that featured the SF Bay Area was 1st displayed. It was part of the new 50-state “Greetings from America” series.
    (SFC, 4/6/02, p.A14)
2002        Apr 5, The coffin of the Queen Mother was carried through the heart of London on a gun carriage as Britain honored the woman whose life spanned a tumultuous century of upheaval and change.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2002        Apr 5, Iran’s Ayatollah Khamenei urged Islamic oil-producing countries to suspend oil exports for a month to countries supporting Israel.
    (SFC, 4/6/02, p.A10)

2003        Apr 5, In the 18th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US 3rd Infantry troops entered Baghdad for the first time. Coalition troops took several objectives surrounding the capital in the north and northwest. US warplanes hit Iraqi positions near the commercial center of Mosul. Up to 3,000 Iraqi fighters were killed as American armored vehicles moved into Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/5/03)(AP, 4/6/03)(SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 5, Ali Hassan al-Majid (king of spades), Saddam Hussein’s 1st cousin and dubbed "Chemical Ali" by opponents for ordering a 1988 poison gas attack that killed thousands of Kurds, was killed by an airstrike on his house in Basra.
    (AP, 4/7/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A14)
2003        Apr 5, The Belgian Senate approved a measure gutting a 1993 war crimes law.
    (AP, 4/6/03)
2003        Apr 5, Croatian police have arrested Ivica Rajic (45), a Bosnian Croat long sought by the UN war crimes tribunal, for allegedly carrying out atrocities against Muslim civilians during the Bosnian war.
    (AP, 4/6/03)
2003        Apr 5, In East Timor Jose Cardosa Fereira, senior militia leader, was found guilty of murder, rape and torture of civilians in East Timor who supported the territory's 1999 independence from Indonesia. He was sentenced to 12 years.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Apr 5, A prison riot in northern Honduras left 86 prisoners dead and dozens more injured at the 1,600-inmate El Porvenir prison outside of La Ceiba. Soldiers and police searched for escaped inmates. Honduras' 26 prisons were built to house 5,500 inmates but are crammed with 13,000 prisoners. In 2008 a court sentenced 22 soldiers and police to a combined 740 years in prison for the massacre. In 2008 a Honduran court sentenced Dimas Antonio Benitez, a former prison official, to 1,051 years in jail for the deaths in the prison massacre.
    (AP, 4/6/03)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A8)(AP, 6/4/08)(AP, 9/7/08)(AP, 2/16/12)
2003        Apr 5, In Israel Brian Avery (23), a peace activist from Albuquerque, NM, was wounded when Israeli troops opened fire in Jenin.
    (SSFC, 4/6/03, p.A8)
2003        Apr 5, In the southern Philippines two bombings killed two people and wounded eight.
    (AP, 4/5/03)
2003        Apr 5, Uganda Army troops killed at least 30 LRA rebels in the northern Pader and Gulu districts, days after a three-week cease-fire expired.
    (AP, 4/8/03)

2004        Apr 5, Univ. of Connecticut won the basketball NCAA finals over Georgia Tech 82-73.
    (WSJ, 4/6/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 5, Pulitzer Prize winners were announced. Edward P. Jones won the fiction award for "The Known World." Steven Hahn won the history award for "A Nation Under Our Feet" Black Political Struggles in the Rural South from Slavery to the Great Migration." Anne Applebaum won the general non-fiction award for "Gulag: A History."
    (SFC, 4/6/04, p.A2)
2004        Apr 5, A US-Canadian task force investigating the massive power blackout of Aug 14, 2003, called for urgent approval of mandatory reliability rules to govern the electric transmission industry.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2004        Apr 5, Leonard Reed (b.1907), tap dancer extraordinary, died.
    (Econ, 4/17/04, p.84)
2004        Apr 5, Rebel attacks across Chechnya killed six Russian soldiers.
    (AP, 4/6/04)
2004        Apr 5, China promised $122 million to Pres. Skerritt in return for revoking Dominica’s recognition of Taiwan.
    (Econ, 4/10/04, p.29)
2004        Apr 5, Six ethnic Croats surrendered to the U.N. war crimes tribunal to face allegations they participated in the torture and massacre of Muslims in Bosnia in 1993.
    (AP, 4/5/04)
2004        Apr 5, The governing coalition of Curacao, a Dutch Caribbean territory, collapsed over allegations that the justice minister gave favors to a political donor convicted of corruption.
    (AP, 4/6/04)
2004        Apr 5, Indonesians voted in legislative elections with Golkar, the party that once supported ex-dictator Suharto, expected to win the most seats. Some 140,000 Indonesians chose between 450,000 candidates competing for 15,276 offices.
    (AP, 4/5/04)(WSJ, 4/6/04, p.A1)(Econ, 4/10/04, p.31)
2004        Apr 5, In northeastern Iran an oil tanker truck and a passenger bus collided, killing 30 people and injuring 27.
    (AP, 4/5/04)
2004        Apr 5, Paul Bremer, the top U.S. administrator in Iraq, declared a radical Shiite cleric an "outlaw" after his supporters rioted in Baghdad and four other cities in fighting that killed at least 52 Iraqis, eight U.S. troops and a Salvadoran soldier. A warrant was issued for al-Sadr related to the murder of a rival Shiite leader in 2003.
    (AP, 4/5/04)(WSJ, 4/6/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 5, Israeli troops killed 3 Palestinians near a Gaza settlement.
    (WSJ, 4/6/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 5, Alexander Lerner (90), an eminent cyberneticist and a leading member of the "refusenik" movement that promoted Jewish emigration from the former Soviet Union, died in Israel.
    (AP, 7/6/04)
2004        Apr 5, A flash flood swept through two border communities in northern Mexico, flooding rivers, washing away houses and killing 15 people. Dozens more were reported missing.
    (AP, 4/5/04)
2004        Apr 5, Pakistan gave tribesmen 2 weeks to expel foreign terrorists.
    (SFC, 4/6/04, p.A3)
2004        Apr 5, In Sri Lanka Pres. Kumaratunga appointed Mahinda Rajapakse as PM.
    (SFC, 4/6/04, p.A2)

2005        Apr 5, The US State Dept. toughened passport rules and announced that Americans returning from Canada, Mexico and elsewhere would be required to show their passports in a program to be fully phased in by Dec 31, 2007.
    (WSJ, 4/6/05, p.D1)
2005        Apr 5, Zalmay Khalilzad, a former White House official who has served as US ambassador in his native Afghanistan, was named to take over the post in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 5, Crude futures prices fell as traders took profits from a recent run-up. The EU cut its economic growth forecast and OPEC began discussions on another output increase.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 5, Peter Jennings (b.1938), Canada-born ABC News anchorman revealed, he had lung cancer. He died in August 2005.
    (AP, 4/5/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Jennings)
2005        Apr 5, Saul Bellow (89), Nobel winning novelist, died in Brookline, Mass. His books included “The Dangling Man” (1944), “Herzog” (1964), and “Ravelstein” (2000). In 2015 Zachary Leader authored “The Life of Saul Bellow: To Fame and Fortune, 1915-1964.”
    (SFC, 4/6/05, p.A1)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.76)(SSFC, 5/10/15, p.N1)
2005        Apr 5, Dale Messick (b.1906), creator of the Brenda Starr cartoon series, died. The strip began in 1940 in Long Island.
    (SFC, 4/8/05, p.B7)
2005        Apr 5, The IMF warned that the growing market for credit derivatives and other complex securities could suffer a rapid selloff if conditions turned negative.
    (WSJ, 4/6/05, p.A6)
2005        Apr 5, In Brazil authorities charged eight policemen with murder for the Mar 31 death-squad killings that left 30 people dead on the outskirts of Rio.
    (AP, 4/6/05)
2005        Apr 5, Amnesty International said China accounted for the majority of executions reported worldwide last year, but the true frequency of the death penalty is impossible to count because many death sentences are carried out secretly.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 5, China's top industrial safety official said the number of deaths in China's accident-plagued coal mines surged by nearly 21% to 1,113 in the first three months of this year despite a national safety crackdown.
    (AP, 4/5/05)(WSJ, 4/6/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 5, In Baghdad's southern Dora neighborhood, an abandoned taxi exploded on an expressway near a U.S. patrol, killing a US soldier and wounding four others. A US Marine was killed by an explosion in the sprawling, western province of Anbar.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 5, Rebels opposed to a bus link joining parts of Kashmir controlled by rivals India and Pakistan set off bombs and fought gun battles with troops, two days before the service was due to start.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 5, Guadalupe Garcia Escamilla (39), radio reporter, was wounded in the chest, abdomen, legs and arms during an attack in the Mexican border city of Nuevo Laredo, across from Laredo, Texas. She died from her wounds April 16.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 5, Saudi police killed 2 more militants, bringing the total to 9, as security forces continued a tense standoff in ar-Rass. Among those killed were Moroccan Kareem Altohami al-Mojati and Saudi Saud Homood Obaid al-Otaibi, who were ranked 4 and 7 respectively on Saudi Arabia's list of 26 most wanted al-Qaida-linked terror suspects.
    (AP, 4/5/05)(SFC, 4/5/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 5, Tens of thousands of Sudanese marched through the capital Khartoum against a UN resolution referring war crime suspects to the International Criminal Court.
    (AP, 4/5/05)
2005        Apr 5, The UN handed prosecutors from the International Criminal Court thousands of documents and a list of 51 people to be investigated for alleged war crimes in Sudan's conflict-wracked Darfur region.
    (AP, 4/6/05)(Econ, 4/9/05, p.38)

2006        Apr 5, Seattle customs authorities arrested 18 men and 4 women who had arrived from China in a 40-foot cargo container.
    (SFC, 4/6/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 5, Katie Couric announced she was leaving NBC's "Today" show to become anchor of "The CBS Evening News."
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2006        Apr 5, Mike Pressler, the lacrosse coach of Duke Univ., resigned amid allegations that 3 players had raped a stripper at an off-campus party in March. Duke cancelled the lacrosse season. The rape charges were later dropped, but the players still faced allegations of sexual offense and kidnapping; all maintained their innocence.
    (SFC, 4/6/06, p.A2)(AP, 4/5/07)
2006        Apr 5, Apple Corp. introduced free software to allow users of its latest Mac models to run MS Windows.
    (Reuters, 4/5/06)(WSJ, 4/6/06, p.B1)
2006        Apr 5, SF picked Google and EarthLink to bring free Internet access to the city.
    (SFC, 4/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 5, Mike Pressler, the lacrosse coach of Duke Univ., resigned amid allegations that 3 players rape a stripper at an off-campus party in March. Duke cancelled the lacrosse season.
    (SFC, 4/6/06, p.A2)
2006        Apr 5, Brown-Forman said it will lay off 76 people and close its Fetzer Vineyards’ Valley Oaks Hospitality Center in Hopland. Brown-Forman acquired Fetzer in 1992.
    (SFC, 4/6/06, p.F2)
2006        Apr 5, Allan Kaprow (b.1927), an artist who coined the term “happenings” in the late 1950s, died at his home in Encinitas, Ca. In 1966 he published “Assemblage, Environments, and Happenings.”
    (SFC, 4/11/06, p.B5)(WSJ, 4/27/06, p.D7)
2006        Apr 5, Gene Pitney (b.1941), US singer and songwriter and pop music star of the 1960s, died during a tour of Britain. His chart-topping hits included “Town Without Pity” (1961) "Twenty-Four Hours From Tulsa" and "Something's Gotten Hold Of My Heart."
    (AP, 4/5/06)(SFC, 4/6/06, p.B7)(Econ, 4/15/06, p.86)
2006        Apr 5, In Afghanistan coalition forces killed an insurgent and dropped 2,000-pound bombs on a band of Taliban.
    (AP, 4/6/06)
2006        Apr 5, A Brazilian congressional investigative committee gave its final approval to a report recommending prosecution of over 100 people linked to a campaign finance and corruption scheme run by former members of the governing Workers Party.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, Britain reiterated its sovereignty over the Falkland Islands and rejected Argentina's claims in a letter to Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, Britain’s Serious Fraud Office began criminal proceedings against nine individuals and five companies it alleges fixed the price of two widely prescribed generic drugs sold to the country's free National Health Service (NHS).
    (AFP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, Home Secretary Charles Clarke said London would press for Romania to be granted membership of the European Union "as soon as possible" as he praised the country's work against people trafficking.
    (AFP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, Cuban coast guard officials fatally shot a suspected migrant smuggler and arrested two others after confronting them in an apparent operation to ferry 39 migrants out of the country on a US-registered speedboat. State television later said that the migrant smuggler who was fatally shot had left the island as a migrant himself three weeks earlier, but returned as a crew member on the same boat to repay a debt.
    (AP, 4/7/06)(AP, 4/8/06)
2006        Apr 5, In France demonstrators blocked roads, rail lines and mail delivery trucks in a second straight day of protests to demand the repeal of a divisive jobs law, while unions vowed they would not compromise in talks with President Jacques Chirac's ruling party on the issue.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, In Indonesia an explosion in the headquarters of the paramilitary police command in the western city of Medan killed two officers and injured several others.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, A video posted on the Internet in the name of an extremist group claimed to show Iraqi insurgents dragging the burning body of a US pilot on the ground after the April 1 crash of an Apache helicopter.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, In Iraq a Sunni professor was found dead hours after he was abducted in the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, In Nepal police detained dozens of opposition politicians and ordered a night curfew to thwart a planned general strike aiming to pressure King Gyanendra to restore democracy.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, Pakistani security forces and suspected Islamic militants battled for a second day near the Afghan border, leaving four soldiers and 16 fighters dead.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, PM Ismail Haniyeh said the new Hamas-led government is broke and missed the April 1 monthly pay date for tens of thousands of Palestinian public workers.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, In the Solomon Islands former premier Sir Allan Kemakeza narrowly clung to his seat in parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 5, Militants who captured the South Korean fishing vessel off the coast of Somalia denied they were pirates and said they were defending their waters from illegal fishing.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, Sudan said it would allow UN Undersecretary Jan Egeland to visit Darfur.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, Thailand’s PM Thaksin Shinawatra handed over power to a longtime friend and fellow police officer, less than 24 hours after saying he would step down over allegations of corruption and abuse of power.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, Actor Michael Douglas presented UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan with an award for his dedication to ridding the world of land mines, marking the first international day to honor the cause.
    (AP, 4/5/06)
2006        Apr 5, In Venezuela Jorge Aguirre, a photographer for the Caracas daily El Mundo, was shot and killed on the way to an anti-crime protest. He managed to take a picture of his assailant fleeing on a motorcycle. Homicide charges were filed on April 15 against Boris Lenis Blanco (33), a police officer, who was arrested April 13.
    (AP, 4/16/06)

2007        Apr 5, The US pressed Ethiopia for details on detainees from 19 nations taken to secret prisons there and interrogated by CIA and FBI agents.
    (WSJ, 4/6/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 5, The US Transportation Dept. said it will require all passenger vehicles to have electronic gear to prevent deadly rollovers by 2012.
    (WSJ, 4/6/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 5, Florida’s Gov. Charlie Crist persuaded 2 of 3 members of the state board of executive clemency that most felons had served their time and should automatically recover the right to vote.
    (Econ, 4/14/07, p.35)
2007        Apr 5, FBI Special Agent Barry Lee Bush was accidentally shot and killed by a fellow agent as a stakeout team closed in on three suspected bank robbers in Readington, N.J.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2007        Apr 5, In San Mateo, Ca., Dr. William Ayres (75), a published child psychologist, was arrested on 14 counts of child molestation, which dated back as far as 1969. 4 new charges were added on April 12. In 2013 Ayres was sentenced to 8 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/7/07, p.A1)(SFC, 4/13/07, p.B1)(SFC, 8/27/13, p.C1)
2007        Apr 5, Darryl Stingley (55), a former New England Patriots player paralyzed during an on-field collision in 1978, died in Chicago.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2007        Apr 5, Australian police charged two men, including an army captain, with stealing military rocket launchers, some of which ended up in the hands of a suspected terrorist.
    (AFP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, Fifteen British sailors and marines held captive by Iran returned home to a nation relieved at their freedom but also outraged that they were used by Tehran's propaganda machine.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, Ramzan Kadyrov was inaugurated as the new president of Chechnya on a blessing from the Kremlin, which has relied on him to stabilize the region after more than a decade of separatist fighting.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, China told banks to increase their reserves for the third time this year, cutting the amount of money available for lending in a new effort to cool an investment boom that Beijing worries could lead to a financial crisis. Chinese celebrated the annual tomb-sweeping festival, but state media said soaring funeral costs were leading to people complaining they can no longer afford to die.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, A bus carrying passengers on the start of the Easter holiday crashed in northern Colombia, igniting a blaze that killed 27 people, including six children.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, A Greek cruise ship, the Sea Diamond, sank off the Aegean Sea island of Santorini, forcing the evacuation of nearly 1,600 people.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(SSFC, 12/14/08, p.E3)
2007        Apr 5, The editor-in-chief of Playboy Indonesia was acquitted of charges that he violated the Muslim nation's indecency laws by publishing pictures of scantily clothed women.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, A bomb struck an oil pipeline, cutting off supplies and causing a huge fire in southern Iraq near the border with Kuwait. A US Army helicopter went down south of Baghdad, injuring 4 of the 9 soldiers aboard. A US soldier was killed by small-arms fire while on patrol in eastern Baghdad. 4 British soldiers and a Kuwaiti interpreter were killed in an ambush in southern Iraq. Thaer Ahmed, assistant director of Baghdad TV, was killed when a car bomb struck the television offices in Jami'a, in west Baghdad. 12 people were wounded. Police in west Baghdad found the bullet-riddled body of Khamael Muhsin, a famous television presenter during Saddam Hussein's rule. She was kidnapped two days ago. Gunmen killed 18 Iraqi, British and American soldiers in the past 24 hours in attacks in Baghdad, the southern oil hub of Basra and near the northern city of Mosul.
    (AP, 4/5/07)(Reuters, 4/5/07)(AP, 4/6/07)
2007        Apr 5, Kosovo's parliament overwhelmingly endorsed a UN plan that proposes internationally supervised independence for the disputed province.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, In eastern Pakistan a speeding tractor plowed into a roadside school, killing nine children and injuring 18 others.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, A British diplomat met with Palestinian PM Ismail Haniyeh to push for the release of a kidnapped BBC journalist, the first direct meeting between a European Union diplomat and a Hamas official of the Palestinians' new coalition government.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said that she raised the issue of Saudi Arabia's lack of female politicians with Saudi government officials on the last stop of her Mideast tour.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, Attackers fired a grenade into a mosque in Thailand's restive south, wounding 16 Muslim worshippers in an act of defiance after authorities imposed a strict curfew to contain escalating violence.
    (AP, 4/5/07)
2007        Apr 5, A Ugandan court scrapped the nation's adultery law, saying it was unconstitutional and favored men.
    (AP, 4/6/07)

2008        Apr 5, Skybus Airlines, a low-cost carrier based in Columbus, Ohio, shut down and filed for bankruptcy protection, becoming the latest of the nation's airlines to fall because of rising fuel costs and a slowing economy.
    (AP, 4/5/08)(SFC, 4/8/08, p.D3)
2008        Apr 5, Charlton Heston (84), film star, died. he won the 1959 best actor Oscar as the chariot-racing "Ben-Hur" and portrayed Moses, Michelangelo, El Cid and other heroic figures in movie epics of the '50s and '60s.
    (AP, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 5, Afghan and NATO forces killed 15 Taliban insurgents in separate raids in southern Afghanistan, where police also captured Abdul Jabar, a senior Taliban commander.
    (AFP, 4/6/08)
2008        Apr 5, British PM Gordon Brown called the current global economic crisis the largest challenge of its kind in centuries while addressing some of the world's key decision makers at a summit on climate change, the economy and global poverty.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, London Heathrow airport's new Terminal 5 was hit by fresh flights disruption when the baggage system suffered a major software problem.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, In Croatia President Bush celebrated NATO's expansion into former communist territory and urged further enlargement, highlighting differences with Moscow hours before final talks with outgoing Russian President Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, Iran said it would not make any concession in exchange for incentives offered by the West to halt sensitive atomic activities.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, Youssef Adel, an Assyrian Orthodox priest, was killed in a drive-by shooting in Baghdad. Elsewhere in Baghdad, a bomb exploded on a minibus carrying morning commuters on the busy Palestine Street, killing at least four passengers and wounding 15.
    (AP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, In Japan G8 development officials began a two-day ministerial meeting in Tokyo on how to ease suffering in Africa and other impoverished states as well as bolster their efforts in foreign development aid.
    (AFP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, In Kashmir police fired tear gas to break up a protest by stone-throwing demonstrators against alleged prison abuses as a strike paralyzed life in revolt-hit Srinagar.
    (AFP, 4/5/08)
2008        Apr 5, Electoral officials said Zimbabwe's ruling ZANU-PF took 30 seats in elections for the country's senate, or upper house of parliament, with the combined opposition taking the same number. The president and tribal chiefs are to appoint the remaining 93 seats. Opposition chief Morgan Tsvangirai claimed outright victory in presidential elections and warned Robert Mugabe's ruling party would resort to violence to cling to power. 3 cattle ranchers were driven off their land, and equipment and livestock were seized.
    (Reuters, 4/5/08)(AFP, 4/5/08)(AP, 4/6/08)

2009        Apr 5, State media said China has reopened Tibet to foreign tourists almost two months after imposing a ban ahead of politically sensitive anniversaries.
    (AP, 4/5/09)
2009        Apr 5, In the Czech Rep. President Barack Obama set out his vision for ridding the world of nuclear arms, declaring the US ready to lead steps by all states with atomic weapons to reduce their arsenals. Obama said the US will proceed with development of a missile defense system in Europe as long as there is an Iranian threat of nuclear weapons. Obama also urged the EU to accept Turkey as a full member of the 27-nation bloc, in remarks rejected outright by France and met coolly by Germany.
    (AP, 4/5/09)
2009        Apr 5, In Denmark Lars Lokke Rasmussen (b.1964) began serving as prime minister.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lars_L%C3%B8kke_Rasmussen)
2009        Apr 5, In Iraq Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas won assurances that Iraqi leaders will protect Palestinians living in Iraq, including thousands stranded in desert refugee camps, during his first visit to the country since the US-led invasion of 2003. Two roadside bombs in Fallujah killed one officer and wounded three other people. Someone threw a grenade at a police patrol in Samarra, killing one policeman and wounding four. 8 people, including seven policemen, were wounded by a bomb that blasted their patrol in the northern oil city of Kirkuk.
    (AP, 4/5/09)
2009        Apr 5, Macedonia’s conservative candidate Gjorgje Ivanov (49) won the runoff election in a landslide with about two-thirds of the popular vote.
    (WSJ, 4/6/09, p.A8)
2009        Apr 5, In Moldova the Communist Party won re-election under alleged ballot rigging. The Communists, in power since 2001, won about 50% of the vote in what international observers said was a fair election. With a population of 4.1 million, Moldova was one of Europe's poorest nations with an average monthly salary of $350. Last year Moldovans abroad sent home $1.6 billion, roughly the same amount as the state budget.
    (AP, 4/7/09)(Econ, 4/18/09, p.58)
2009        Apr 5, In southern Nigeria gunmen killed a policeman as they kidnapped a Scottish oil-services worker in Port Harcourt. The British worker was released on April 25.
    (AP, 4/6/09)(AFP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 5, North Korea defied international warnings and sent a rocket hurtling over the Pacific, a launch President Barack Obama called an illicit test of the regime's long-range missile technology that threatened the security of nations "near and far." North Korea said it successfully sent its "Kwangmyongsong-2" satellite into orbit as part of its peaceful bid to develop its space program. South Korea and the US military disputed North Korea's claim of a successful launch into space, saying the rocket fell into the ocean in stages.
    (AP, 4/5/09)
2009        Apr 5, In Pakistan a suicide bombing at a crowded Shiite mosque in Chakwal city in Punjab province killed 24-26 people. A senior Pakistani Taliban commander promised two more attacks per week in the country if the US does not stop missile strikes on Pakistani territory.
    (AP, 4/5/09)(AP, 4/6/09)(Econ, 4/11/09, p.39)
2009        Apr 5, Rwanda's ambassador said the bodies of nearly 11,000 Rwandan genocide victims that floated more than 100 miles downriver and were placed in makeshift graves in Uganda will receive proper reburial.
    (AP, 4/5/09)
2009        Apr 5, In Somalia an overnight mortar attack aimed at troops and peacekeepers in Mogadishu killed a child and wounded six other people, including 4 of the dead child's siblings. Somali pirates hijacked a small Yemeni boat in the Indian Ocean.
    (AP, 4/5/09)(AP, 4/6/09)
2009        Apr 5, Sri Lanka’s military said 3 days of intense fighting in the northeast has left 525 Tamil Tiger rebels dead and pushed the remaining guerrillas into a small "no-fire" zone crowded with tens of thousands of civilians. Woman rebel commanders Vidusha and Durga were reported to be among those killed.
    (AP, 4/5/09)(Econ, 4/11/09, p.38)
2009        Apr 5, Off the coast of Yemen another smuggling boat carrying 23 Somalis hit rough seas. 13 made it to shore and two were missing.
    (AP, 4/7/09)

2010        Apr 5, The Discovery space shuttle launched with 7 astronauts, including 3 women, for a rendezvous with the int’l. space station.
    (SFC, 4/6/10, p.A6)
2010        Apr 5, In NYC 4 people were shot and dozens of people were arrested in a mile-long stretch of Manhattan near Times Square in mayhem following the city's annual auto show.
    (AP, 4/5/10)
2010        Apr 5, In West Virginia a huge underground explosion blamed on methane gas killed 25 coal miners at Massey Energy Co.'s sprawling Upper Big Branch mine, about 30 miles south of Charleston. It was the worst US mining disaster since 1984. Four missing miners were found dead on April 10. In 2009 the US Mine Safety and health Administration (MHSA) had cited the mine 515 times, often for problems with its ventilation and escape route plans. On Feb 22, 2012, mine superintendent Gary May (43) was charged with conspiracy to defraud the federal government. May became the 2nd employee of Massey to face prosecution in the case.
    (AP, 4/6/10)(AP, 4/10/10)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.32)(SFC, 2/23/12, p.A9)
2010        Apr 5, In Afghanistan NATO forces killed 10 militants in a raid on a compound in Nangarhar province's Khogyani district. Gunmen seriously wounded an Afghan provincial councilwoman in a drive-by shooting in Pul-e Khumri, capital of northern Baghlan province. In Helmand province 4 insurgents and 4 civilians died in a NATO airstrike.
    (AP, 4/5/10)(AP, 4/6/10)
2010        Apr 5, In northern Congo UN-backed government forces retook the Mbandaka provincial airport from rebels. In eastern Congo 2 soldiers shot and killed national radio journalist Patient Chebeya Bakome. Bakome's brother said the soldiers shot Bakome in front of his wife and took his phone and money. Beni police arrested the 2 soldiers.
    (AP, 4/5/10)(AP, 4/6/10)
2010        Apr 5, In Ethiopia a British geologist (39) working on behalf of the state-run Malaysian energy company Petronas was shot dead near Danot town.
    (Reuters, 4/9/10)
2010        Apr 5, In Iraq a Shiite couple and four of their children were gunned down in their home outside Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/6/10)
2010        Apr 5, In Mexico five men were killed when gunmen opened fire on their car outside a shopping mall in Mazatlan, in the northeastern state of Sinaloa.
    (AP, 4/6/10)
2010        Apr 5, In Mongolia over 5,000 protesters surged through the center of Ulan Bator demanding that the government of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party and the Mongolian Democratic Party fulfill promises from the 2008 elections to crack down on graft and better distribute the country's mining wealth.
    (AP, 4/5/10)
2010        Apr 5, In Nigeria fresh clashes erupted between groups of Christian and Muslim youths in the central city of Jos, leaving one dead as security forces restored order.
    (AFP, 4/5/10)
2010        Apr 5, In Peru a 2nd day of clashes between police and protesting miners left 6 miners dead as the government tried to put restrictions on unregulated gold mining in the southern jingle region of Madre de Dios.
    (SFC, 4/6/10, p.A2)
2010        Apr 5, PM Vladimir Putin said Russia may sell $5 billion worth of weapons to Venezuela following his visit to the South American nation.
    (AP, 4/5/10)
2010        Apr 5, In northwest Pakistan Islamist militants attacked a US consulate in Peshawar with car bombs and grenades, killing 8 people. 4 militants were killed during the attack. Hours earlier 45 people died in a suicide attack on a political rally in the town of Timergarah in Lower Dir.
    (AP, 4/5/10)(AFP, 4/5/10)(AP, 4/6/10)
2010        Apr 5, In Russia’s Ingushetia region a suicide bomber killed two policemen.
    (Reuters, 4/5/10)
2010        Apr 5, In Thailand thousands of defiant anti-government demonstrators fanned out to other parts of Thailand's capital and threatened businesses with ties to the government after ignoring police orders to leave Bangkok's paralyzed commercial district.
    (AP, 4/5/10)
2010        Apr 5, Turkish police detained 19 officers, including four generals, as part of an investigation into an alleged plot by elements of the fiercely secular military seeking to topple the Islamic-rooted government.
    (AP, 4/5/10)
2010        Apr 5, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged Uzbekistan to fulfill its international human rights commitments and take further steps toward improving the repressive political climate in the Central Asian nation.
    (AP, 4/5/10)

2011        Apr 5, A US astronaut and 2 Russian cosmonauts blasted off for the Int’l. Space Station from Russia’s cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 4/5/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 5, In Tennessee crews recovered the bodies of two workers from the rubble of a wastewater-treatment plant wall that collapsed earlier in the day. Officials continued to investigate what caused the breach that released sewage into a rain-swollen river at Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Baruch S. Blumberg (b.1925), 1976 Nobel Prize winner in medicine or physiology, died. He had discovered a virus that caused hepatitis and a vaccine to pre-vent it.
    (Econ, 4/30/11, p.92)
2011        Apr 5, In eastern Afghanistan NATO forces killed seven insurgents who tried to storm their way onto a base in Jalalabad.
    (AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 5, The UN weather agency said a protective ozone layer in the Arctic that keeps out the sun's most damaging rays, ultraviolet radiation, has thinned about 40 percent this winter, a record drop.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Bahraini authorities deported two Iraqi journalists working for the opposition's main newspaper. The government had accused Al Wasat newspaper of unethical coverage of the Shiite uprising against the Sunni rulers. At least 27 people have been killed, since the protests began in Bahrain in mid-February.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Two British tabloid journalists were arrested on suspicion of illegally intercepting voice-mail messages left on cell phones. Media reports identified Neville Thurlbeck and Ian Edmondson of news of the World in the ongoing phone-hacking scandal.
    (SFC, 4/6/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 5, China’s central bank raised interest rates again.
    (Econ, 4/9/11, p.84)
2011        Apr 5, Ecuador said it is expelling US Ambassador Heather Hodges over a diplomatic cable divulged by WikiLeaks that accused Jaime Hurtado Vaca, a newly retired police chief, of a long history of corruption and speculates that President Rafael Correa was aware of it.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Ethiopia’s PM Meles Zenawi told lawmakers Ethiopia is ready to help the people of Eritrea topple the regime of Issaias Afeworki, ruling out a military invasion.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Iraq's environment ministry says the war-plagued country has an estimated 25 percent of the world's unexploded land mines, making it one of the most contaminated. Most of the land mines were left behind from the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war, when Saddam Hussein's regime planted them in the desert near the border. There are no existing maps to show where they are located.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Italy and Tunisia signed a deal to choke off the flood of Tunisians heading to Italian shores. Italy agreed to take two flights a day of repatriated migrants.
    (SFC, 4/6/11, p.A2)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.58)
2011        Apr 5, In Ivory Coast strongman Laurent Gbagbo, surrounded by troops backing Alassane Ouattara, huddled in a bunker at his home with his family and tried to negotiate terms of surrender. Ouattara, the democratically elected leader, has urged forces loyal to him to take Gbagbo alive.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Tokyo Electric Power Co (TEPCO), the operator of the crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant, said it had reduced the flow of highly radioactive water out of a reactor. The government set its first radiation safety standards for fish after the nuclear plant reported radioactive contamination in nearby seawater measuring at several million times the legal limit.
    (Reuters, 4/5/11)(AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, In Lebanon several hundred inmates demanding improved conditions at the country’s largest prison took three guards hostage and set fire inside one of the buildings. Police stormed the country's largest prison to halt a dayslong riot by the inmates. Two prisoners died during the operation.
    (AP, 4/5/11)(AP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 5, Libya's government said it is ready to negotiate reforms but only as long as Moamer Kadhafi is not forced out. Government forces unleashed a bombardment of the rebels outside the key oil town of Brega pushing them back, even as the regime said Gadhafi might consider some reforms but would not step down. The ICC's prosecutor said the International Criminal Court has evidence Gaddafi's government planned to put down protests by killing civilians before the uprising in Libya broke out. A group of journalists came under attack by Gaddafi forces near Brega. South African photographer Anton Hammerl was wounded in the attack. Hammerl was initially reported to have been captured by militia, together with Americans Clare Morgana Gillis and James Foley, but it was later believed that he died from his wounds.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)(AP, 4/5/11)(Reuters, 4/5/11)(AP, 5/19/11)
2011        Apr 5, The Pacific nation of Niue has printed unusual commemorative stamps for Britain's royal wedding: an image of Prince William and Kate Middleton with perforations that split the couple down the middle.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, Palestinian authorities said Mohammed Shalha (21) was killed by Israeli fire along Gaza's volatile border. Relatives of Shalha said he was collecting gravel along the border. The Israeli military said the man was armed, and that soldiers opened fire after spotting him.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, The Philippines' largest Muslim rebel group acknowledged that its ranks include child soldiers and said its leaders would meet with United Nations representatives for talks on how to wean the youths from war.
    (AP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, In Poland the restored synagogue at Zamosc, Renaissance gem looted by the Nazis, was presented to the public in a ceremony attended by Jewish leaders, US and Israeli diplomats and city officials. It will serve occasionally as a house of worship for Jewish tourists who visit death camps in the area.
    (AP, 4/3/11)
2011        Apr 5, In Sudan an unidentified plane flew in from the Red Sea and fired a missile at a car travelling from the airport to Port Sudan, killing both passengers and destroying the vehicle. The next day Foreign Minister Ali Ahmad Karti accused Israel of carrying out the air strike.
    (AFP, 4/6/11)
2011        Apr 5, In South Sudan 13 people died in tribal violence. The governor of Western Equatoria, Joseph Bangasi Bakosoro, later said gunmen attacked his village while authorities from the two states were meeting to find ways of ending hostilities between the communities.
    (AP, 4/7/11)
2011        Apr 5, The southern Syrian town of Daraa, the center of pro-democracy protests, was hit by a general strike and braced for fresh rallies after midday prayers.
    (AFP, 4/5/11)
2011        Apr 5, In Yemen tribesmen loyal to Pres. Saleh clashed with a group of soldiers whose commander has sided with the opposition. Fighting in a suburb of Sanaa left 3 tribesmen dead. In Taiz dozens of protesters were treated from breathing problems after police fired tear gas as thousands of demonstrators took to the streets for a 3rd consecutive day. Security forces shot dead two protesters in the western city of Hudaydah during demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/5/11)(AFP, 4/5/11)

2012        Apr 5, Pres. Obama signed the “Jumpstart Our Business Start-ups” aka Jobs Act. The Republican crafted bill to loosen securities regulations was passed by Congress on March 27.
    (SFC, 4/6/12, p.A1)(Econ, 3/31/12, p.16) 
2012        Apr 5, US President Barack Obama dropped in on a meeting between Vice President Joe Biden and Massud Barzani, the visiting leader of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region. Barzani, also met with US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, In NYC Russian arms dealer Viktor Bout (45), dubbed the Merchant of Death, received the mandatory minimum 25 years in prison in a case that demonstrated the US government's determination to bring him to justice. The judge also ordered a $15 million forfeiture.
    (AFP, 4/6/12)
2012        Apr 5, The Montana Attorney General’s office said Greg Mortenson, founder of the Central Asia Institute and author of “Three Cups of Tea” (2006), mismanaged the organization and misspent its money. He would remain the face of the charity, but would have to repay $1 million.
    (SFC, 4/6/12, p.A7)
2012        Apr 5, Buford, Wyoming, was purchased by Vietnamese businessman Pham Dinh Nguyen (38). He bid $900,000 for Buford, which consists of a gas station and convenience store, a 1905 schoolhouse, a cabin, a garage and a three-bedroom house on 10 acres between Cheyenne and Laramie. The town was formed as the Transcontinental Railroad was built in the 1860s. It was sold by Don Sammons, the self-proclaimed "mayor" who owned it for the past two decades and was its sole inhabitant.
    (AP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 5, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber struck a bazaar in a northeastern district, killing two people and wounding 16 others in the Kishim district of Badakhshan province. A NATO service member died in a roadside bomb explosion in the south.
    (AP, 4/5/12)(AP, 4/6/12)
2012        Apr 5, In Argentina a strong overnight storm in Buenos Aires blew down trees and destroyed roofs, killing at least 13 people in the region and leaving more than 20 injured.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, In Bangladesh police discovered the badly injured body of Aminul Islam (40) dumped by the roadside northwest of Dhaka, leading his supporters to point the finger at Bangladesh's security forces. He had led a top union that organized protests to increase the wages of the three million workers in the garment sector. Top global retail associations soon demanded a swift and impartial probe into his murder.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)(AP, 5/9/12)
2012        Apr 5, Britain broadcaster Sky News admitted it had authorized a journalist to access emails belonging to John Darwin and his wife Anne, who had faked his death in a canoe accident before moving to Panama to start a new life with the insurance payout.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, Around 20 million Britons were banned from using garden hoses, after one of the driest two-year periods on record.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, In England a Chinese student (24) died after he was knocked down by an unmarked British police car in Birmingham.
    (AFP, 4/6/12)
2012        Apr 5, Jaguar Land Rover, owned by India's Tata Motors, announced that it plans to build its new Jaguar F-Type sports car in Britain.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, Egyptian security forces and military aircraft searched south-eastern Sinai for militants believed to be behind a rocket launch against Israel. A rocket fired from Egypt's Sinai desert hit the southern Israeli resort city of Eilat early today There were no injuries.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, In Italy Umberto Bossi (70), the firebrand founder of a populist anti-immigrant party, whose crucial support kept Silvio Berlusconi in power in three governments, resigned as Northern League secretary amid a widening corruption scandal over party funds.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, Japan passed a 90.3 trillion yen ($1.1 trillion) budget, with about half the spending expected to be financed by new bonds that will add to its massive debt mountain.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, Malawi's President Bingu wa Mutharika (78) died after a heart attack. Under the constitution, Vice President Joyce Banda (b.1950) is next in line. But that succession is politically fraught because Mutharika kicked her out of the ruling party in 2010 as he chose to groom his brother as heir apparent instead of her.
    (AFP, 4/6/12)
2012        Apr 5, Malaysian police arrested 137 people, mostly from China and Taiwan, in a raid in the city of Kajang on a crime ring that bet on English football, arranged Internet gambling and carried out online scams.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, In Mali the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad, a rebel group that recently seized control of the remote north, announced a cease-fire saying they had reached their military goal. Ansar Dine kidnapped seven Algerian diplomats in Gao. The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) later demanded 15 million euros for the diplomats and 30 million for 3 aid workers kidnapped last Oct 23. On Sep 2 MUJAO said Tahar Touati, one of the diplomats, has been executed.
    (AP, 4/5/12)(AFP, 4/5/12)(AFP, 5/2/12)(AFP, 9/2/12)
2012        Apr 5, Nigerian authorities said they have recovered a cache of arms, including explosives and rocket launchers, in two separate raids in the restive northern city of Gombe and arrested six suspects.
    (AFP, 4/6/12)
2012        Apr 5, Dutch PM Mark Rutte denounced Suriname's decision to grant amnesty to President Desi Bouterse for crimes committed under his earlier military dictatorship as "totally unacceptable" and recalled the country's ambassador from its former colony in protest.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, In Pakistan a Taliban suicide bomber detonated his explosives near a vehicle carrying a senior police official in the southern port city of Karachi, killing four people.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, Papua New Guinea's parliament voted to postpone national polls for six months, sparking public outrage.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 5, In Peru 9 miners were trapped after a horizontal mining shaft collapsed not very deep under the surface. The miners were behind debris about six meters (20 feet) wide that collapsed when they set off an explosion to dislodge copper ore. On April 11 the miners walked free through a newly built tunnel.
    (AP, 4/7/12)(AFP, 4/11/12)
2012        Apr 5, Alexei Kudrin, Russia's former finance minister (2000-2011), announced the creation of an independent committee to shape policies alternative to those of the government.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, In Somalia African Union troops deployed in the city of Baidoa, the first time the force has dispatched troops outside Mogadishu since it was set up five years ago. Baidoa, located 250 km (155 miles) northwest of Mogadishu, was the seat of Somalia's transitional parliament until the hardline Shebab captured it three years ago.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, In Syria fierce clashes between government forces and rebels erupted near Damascus ahead of an agreed truce. Some 2,500 crossed the border today, bringing to 24,000 the number of Syrian refugees now in Turkey.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)(AP, 4/6/12)
2012        Apr 5, A team led by a Norwegian major general arrived in Damascus to negotiate the possible deployment of a UN team that would monitor a cease-fire agreement between Syrian government troops and rebel forces.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, In south-eastern Turkey overnight blasts temporarily shut down a pipeline pumping oil from Iraq. Kurdish rebels were suspected to be behind the explosions.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, Pope Benedict XVI denounced priests who have questioned church teaching on celibacy and ordaining women, saying they were disobeying his authority to try to impose their own ideas on the church.
    (AP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, A Vietnamese survey reported that nearly a third of pre-school children in Vietnam suffer from malnutrition and stunted growth, while in urban areas rates of childhood obesity are rising. The study by the National Institute of Nutrition was based on research in 2009 and 2010.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)
2012        Apr 5, Yemen’s interior minister said government troops have killed over 100 Al-Qaida fighters in the past two days.
    (SFC, 4/6/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 5, Zimbabwe said it had taken over majority shares from foreign mining firms which had not sold 51 percent of their equity to black Zimbabweans, without specifying which or how many firms were affected. The announcement will be implemented retrospectively from September 25, 2011, when companies had to hand in plans on how they intend to sell their majority shares.
    (AFP, 4/5/12)

2013        Apr 5, A US federal judge ordered the Food and Drug Administration to make "morning-after" emergency contraception pills available without a prescription to all girls of reproductive age and criticized the Obama administration for interfering with the process for political purposes.
    (Reuters, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, A data leak was reported orchestrated this week by a Washington-based group called the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. It involved tens of thousands of offshore bank accounts, mainly form the British Virgin Islands, the Cook Islands and Singapore, and named dozens of prominent figures around the world. New details were being released by the day. The leak allegedly involved records from 10 tax havens.
    (AP, 4/6/13)(SFC, 4/5/13, p.A4)
2013        Apr 5, US Army Gen. David M. Rodriguez, one of the American military's most seasoned combat leaders, took charge of US Africa Command. The AC’s No. 1 mission is to work with allies to neutralize the continent's widening web of Islamic extremist groups, including those affiliated with al-Qaida.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Oakland, Ca., Lionel Fluker (54), a former freelance photographer for the Oakland Tribune, was shot a killed by a stray bullet as he drove home from a gym. Donel Poston (37) was arrested on June 14 on suspicion of attempting to murder Anthony Lister (38). On Sep 12 prosecutors filed murder charges against Lister.
    (SFC, 9/13/13, p.D7)
2013        Apr 5, In Florida the parents of Travon Martin, the teenager who was fatally shot by a neighborhood watch volunteer last year, settled a wrongful-death claim against the homeowners association of the Florida subdivision where their son was killed.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Afghanistan a bomb attached to a donkey exploded, killing a policeman and wounded three civilians in Laghman province.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Afghanistan American contractor David Gordon (38), detained in a contract dispute on April 3, was released. 3 US congressmen, who complained about his detention, said he had been seized without charges and beaten.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, Brazil’s Public Ministry announced an investigation into a report connecting former Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva to a vast vote-buying scheme that involved the channeling of funds to the governing Workers’ Party.
    (SSFC, 4/7/13, p.A6)
2013        Apr 5, Britain's most high-profile entertainment retailer HMV was handed a lifeline when Hilco, a turnaround group bought it in a deal worth about 50 million pound, ensuring a future for a firm which gave the Beatles one of their first big breaks.
    (AP, 4/6/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Chile the Ultraport company managing the Angamos port agreed to compensate workers with a bonus following negotiations mediated by Chile's work minister.
    (AP, 4/6/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Indonesia’s in North Sumatra province Buddhist fishermen and Rohingya Muslim asylum seekers from Myanmar brawled with knives and rocks at an immigration detention center, leaving 8 dead and another 15 injured. On Dec 5 a court in medan sentenced 14 Rohingya to nine months in jail for the role in the deadly brawl.
    (AP, 4/5/13)(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 5, In Iran a road accident killed 18 people, including 15 Afghans, after a truck smuggling fuel slammed into a sedan packed with Afghans who were being brought illegally into the country.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Iraq attackers detonated a bomb as an army jeep was driving through the western Baghdad neighborhood of Abu Ghraib, killing 3 soldiers. Another bomb exploded near a vegetable stand, killing 3 civilians and wounding 15 in the Shiite-dominated city of Hillah. In Baqouba a roadside bomb exploded as worshippers left a Sunni mosque, killing two and wounding a dozen people.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, Israel forces took Mohammad Khalek (14) into custody. 8 assault-rifle wielding soldiers shackled and blindfolded the boy as his five siblings watched. The military said Mohammad hurled rocks at Israeli vehicles on April 2 and at Israeli forces on several occasions. On April 17 the Palestinian-American teenager was sentenced to two weeks in prison for throwing rocks at Israeli forces.
    (AP, 4/11/13)(AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 5, Italy's Pres. Giorgio Napolitano pardoned Joseph Romano, a US Air Force colonel, convicted in absentia by Italian courts in the CIA-conducted abduction of an Egyptian terror suspect from a Milan street. He hoped the move would keep American-Italian relations strong, especially on security matters.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Kazakhstan talks began seeking to find common ground between Iran and a group of six nations over concerns that Tehran might misuse its nuclear program to make weapons.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, Mexico’s President Enrique Pena Nieto visited Hong Kong, and said "I am convinced that Mexican products should take advantage of the dynamism of China's markets." A report by a chief economist for Bank of America Merrill Lynch this week estimated that Mexico's labor costs are now 19.6 percent lower than China's.
    (AP, 4/6/13)
2013        Apr 5, In southwest Nigeria at least 36 people were killed in a bus crash in which a gasoline tanker exploded in Edo state.
    (AP, 4/6/13)
2013        Apr 5, North Korea warned it could not guarantee the safety of diplomats after next Wednesday and asked embassies to consider moving staff out of the country.
    (Reuters, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Pakistan 4 soldiers and 14 militants were killed as the army launched a ground offensive in the Tirah Valley of the Khyber tribal area.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, Portugal’s constitutional court struck down previously planned cuts in public sector pay, pensions and benefits.
    (Econ, 4/13/13, p.54)   
2013        Apr 5, Russia's foreign minister said Moscow doesn't understand why North Korea has suggested that Moscow and other countries close their embassies in Pyongyang, and he says he's concerned about the high tensions on the Korean peninsula.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, South Korean media reported that North Korea had placed two of its intermediate-range missiles on mobile launchers and hidden them on the east coast of the country in a move that could threaten Japan or US Pacific bases.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, In Syria a barrage of rockets slammed into a contested district on the northeastern edge of Damascus, killing at least five people and trapping others under the rubble, while violence raged around suburbs of the capital.
    (AP, 4/5/13)
2013        Apr 5, Activists said Tanzania's government is preparing to kick Maasai tribesmen off their land near to allow a company from the United Arab Emirates to use the land for hunting. Tanzania's Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism announced last week it is shrinking the size of the Loliondo Game Controlled Areas.
    (AP, 4/5/13)

2014        Apr 5, Atlanta’s Roman Catholic Archbishop Wilton Gregory, in an effort to appease angry parishioners, said that he will sell a $2.2 million mansion just three months after he moved in.
    (AP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, Peter Matthiessen (b.1927), a co-founder of the Paris Review (1953) and two-time winner of the National Book Award, died at a hospital on Long Island. His books included “The Snow Leopard” (1978) and “Shadow Country” (2008).
    (SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A18)
2014        Apr 5, Afghans voted nationwide, defying a threat of violence by the Taliban to cast ballots in what promises to be the nation's first democratic transfer of power. Around 60 percent of eligible voters cast their ballots. Rocket attacks and gunbattles forced authorities to close some 211 polling centers, raising the total number that weren't opened because of security concerns to 959. 6,212 polling centers were opened.
    (AP, 4/5/14)(Reuters, 4/6/14)
2014        Apr 5, In Brazil more than 2,000 soldiers stormed into the Mare slum complex of Rio de Janeiro with armored personnel carriers and helicopters in a bid to improve security two months before the start of the World Cup.
    (AP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, In northern Cameroon two Italian priests and a Canadian nun working as missionaries were abducted before dawn in their residences by two armed groups. On June 1 the Vatican and Italy’s foreign ministry said Gianantonio Allegri, Giampaolo Marta and Gilberte Bussier have been released.
    (AP, 4/5/14)(AP, 6/1/14)
2014        Apr 5, Chinese state media reported that kindergarten headmaster Shi Haixia and a man were sentenced to death in a poisoning case that left two girls dead. Haixia was upset that a rival school had better enrollments and injected rat poison into a bottle of yogurt. She then asked her accomplice to place it on the road in late April 2013, with a notebook and a pencil in a plastic bag on the way to the other kindergarten in Pingshan County, Hebei province.
    (AP, 4/5/14)(AFP, 4/6/14)
2014        Apr 5, In China workers in Guangdong province walked out of factories owned by Yue Yuen, a Taiwanese maker of branded shoes. The walkout grew to involve tens of thousands of workers.
    (Econ, 4/26/14, p.41)
2014        Apr 5, In Egypt at least 23 people were killed in overnight clashes between rival families in the southern city of Aswan.
    (Reuters, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, The European Union said it plans to set up an international court in Kosovo to deal with alleged crimes committed by ethnic-Albanian guerrillas during the war with Serbia.
    (AFP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, In France Anne Hidalgo (54), the first female mayor of Paris, took office, hailing a "great advance for all women" and saying she feels the weight of responsibility in her new job.
    (AP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, In Iraq an explosion at a booby-trapped house near Fallujah, ensuing clashes with militants and roadside bombings killed 21 soldiers.
    (SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 5, In Mali former planning minister Moussa Mara (39) was promoted to the premiership after Mali's first post-war PM Oumar Tatam Ly (50) quit just six months into office. Ly had reportedly become frustrated over being unable to enact reforms in the administration.
    (AFP, 4/6/14)
2014        Apr 5, In northern Nigeria gunmen believed to be Fulani herdsmen stormed a meeting in Yar Galadima, Zamfara state. The clashes between suspected Fulani cattle rustlers mounted on motorbikes and local youth vigilantes left 72 people dead.
    (AFP, 4/6/14)(Reuters, 4/7/14)
2014        Apr 5, In Nigeria Umar Sani (35) hosted a small wedding celebration at his home in the small Kano village of Unguwar Yansoro. Wasila Tasi'u was 14 when she married Umar Sani. Prosecutors later claimed that Tasi'u prepared food and laced it with rat poison before serving it to her guests. Four people, including Sani, died within hours of eating the meal.
    (AFP, 5/20/15)
2014        Apr 5, Panama’s President Ricardo Martinelli inaugurated Central America's first subway system, the most-emblematic project of a five-year term marked by fast economic growth and more than a hint of hubris.
    (AP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir arrived in Khartoum to meet Sudanese President Omar Bashir.
    (AP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, In Syria mortar shells continued to hit Damascus and the central city of Homs amid heavy fighting. A rocket hit Homs and struck a market in the western neighborhood of Inshaat, killing six people.
    (AP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, Thousands of Thai pro-government "Red Shirts" massed in a show of support for PM Yingluck Shinawatra, warning that they would resist attempts to oust her through the courts.
    (AFP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, Ukraine rejected Russia's latest gas price hike and threatened to take its energy-rich neighbor to arbitration court over a dispute that could imperil deliveries to western Europe.
    (AFP, 4/5/14)
2014        Apr 5, Ukraine’s security service said it has detained a 15-strong armed gang planning to seize power in Luhansk province. Weapons seized included 300 machine guns, an anti-tank grenade launcher and a large number of grenades.
    (SSFC, 4/6/14, p.A5)
2014        Apr 5, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon traveled to Central African Republic for the first time since the country erupted into sectarian bloodshed four months ago. Ban has urged council members to act quickly on his recommendation for a 12,000-member peacekeeping mission.
    (AP, 4/5/14)

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