Today in History - April 8

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217        Apr 8, Caracalla (b.188), [Marcus Antonius], Roman emperor (198-217), was murdered in his baths.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caracalla)

451        Apr 8, Attila's Huns plundered Metz and continued moving south along the Moselle River.
    (ON, 4/12, p.2)

1341        Apr 8, Francesco Petrarch was crowned poet laureate on the Capitol in Rome. He had arranged two invitations to be crowned, one in Paris and the other in Rome (1340-1341). He chose Rome.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.131)(MC, 4/8/02)

1455        Apr 8, Alfonso de Borgia was elected as Pope Callistus III.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1460        Apr 8, Ponce de Leon was born in Spain. He searched for fountain of youth and found Florida.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1492        Apr 8, Lorenzo I de' Medici ("il Magnifico"), ruler of Florence (1469-92), died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1498        Apr 8, Charles VIII (27), King of France (1483-98), died while preparing a new expedition to invade Italy. He was succeeded by his Valois cousin the Duc d’Orleans (36), who reigned until 1515 as Louis XII.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.161)

1500        Apr 8, Battle at Novara: King Louis XII beat duke Ludovico Sforza (Il Sforza del Destino).
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1513        Apr 8,    Explorer Juan Ponce de Leon and his expedition began exploring the Florida coastline.
    (AP, 4/8/07)

1525        Apr 8, Albert von Brandenburg, the leader of the Teutonic Order, assumed the title “Duke of Prussia" and passed the first laws of the Protestant church, making Prussia a Protestant state.
    (HN, 4/8/99)

1533        Apr 8, Claudio Merulo, organist, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1582        Apr 8, Phineas Fletcher, poet, was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1605        Apr 8, Philip IV king of Spain and Portugal (1621-65), was born. 
    (HN, 4/8/98)
1605        Apr 8, Louis de Vadder, Flemish painter, was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1681        Apr 8, England's King Charles II received the 1st installment of a 5-million livre subsidy from King Louis of France. This provided him independence from Parliament and he ruled without it until his death in 1685.
    (ON, 7/06, p.10)

1692        Apr 8, Giuseppe Tartini, Italy, violinist, composer (Trillo del Diavolo), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1726        Apr 8, Lewis Morris, signer of the Declaration of Independence), was born. 
    (HN, 4/8/98)

1731        Apr 8, William Williams, signer of the Declaration of Independence), was born. 
    (HN, 4/8/98)

1741        Apr 8, Jose B. da Gama, Portuguese poet (O Uraguai), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1759        Apr 8, Francois de La Croix (76), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1766        Apr 8, The 1st fire escape was patented: a wicker basket on a pulley and chain.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1775        Apr 8, Adam A. earl von Neipperg, Austrian general, Napoleon's wife Marie lover, was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1781        Apr 8, Premiere of Mozart's violin sonata K379.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1789        Apr 8, The U.S. House of Representatives held its first meeting.
    (HN, 4/8/98)

1794        Apr 8, Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat, mathematician died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1795        Apr 8, The Prince of Wales, later England’s King George IV, married his German cousin, Caroline, to produce an heir and increase his income. On their wedding night the drunken bridegroom spent the night "under the grate, where he fell, and where I left him." The story is told by Flora Fraser in her book: "The Unruly Queen: The Life of Queen Caroline." Masterpiece Theater made a TV presentation in 1997.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, DB p.3)(WSJ, 1/9/97, p.A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caroline_of_Brunswick)

1801        Apr 8, Soldiers rioted in Bucharest and killed 128 Jews.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1802        Apr 8, French Protestant church became state-supported and controlled.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1832        Apr 8, Some 300 American troops of the 6th Infantry left Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, to confront the Sauk Indians in what would become known as the Black Hawk War.
    (HN, 4/8/99)
1832        Apr 8, Charles Darwin began a trip through Rio de Janeiro.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1838        Apr 8, The British steamship "Great Western" set out on its maiden voyage from Bristol, England, to NYC.
    (ON, 8/07, p.7)

1844        Apr 8, Ignaz Franz von Mosel (72), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1848        Apr 8, Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (50), Italian composer, died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1850        Apr 8, William Henry Welch, US pathologist (founded John Hopkins), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1860        Apr 8, Istvan Szechenyi (b.1791), Hungarian statesman, committed suicide.
    (WSJ, 3/13/09, p.A9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Istv%C3%A1n_Sz%C3%A9chenyi)

1861        Apr 8, Elisha Graves Otis (50), US elevator builder (Otis), died.
    (www.famousamericans.net/elishagravesotis/)

1862        Apr 8, John D. Lynde patented an aerosol dispenser.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1864        Apr 8, In the Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana, Federals were routed by Confederate Gen. Richard Taylor. Keatchi girl’s school was taken over as a hospital for the injured soldiers.
    (HN, 4/8/98)(SSFC, 7/7/02, p.C5)

1865        Apr 8, General Robert E. Lee's retreat was cut off near Appomattox Court House. Lee requested to meet with Gen Ulysses Grant to discuss possible surrender.
    (HN, 4/8/98)(MC, 4/8/02)

1869        Apr 8, Harvey Cushing, US neurosurgeon (blood pressure studied), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)
1869        Apr 8, American Museum of Natural History opened in NYC.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1875        Apr 8, Albert I LCMM von Saksen-Coburg, king of Belgium (1909-34), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1876        Apr 8, Amilcare Ponchielli's opera "La Gioconda," premiered in Milan.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1878        Apr 8, Rudolf Nelson, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1879        Apr 8, Milk was sold in glass bottles for the 1st time.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1880        Apr 8, Victor Schertzinger, composer, director (Uptown NY), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1881        Apr 8, Fernand Lamy, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1889        Apr 8, Adrian Boult, conductor, composer (BBC Sym Orch), was born in Chester, England.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1893        Apr 8, Mary Pickford (Gladys Smith), silent film actress (Poor Little Rich Girl), was born.
    (HN, 4/8/98)
1893        Apr 8, The Critic reported that ice cream soda is the national drink of the US.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1898        Apr 8, British General Horatio Kitchener defeated the Khalifa, leader of the dervishes in Sudan, at the Battle of Atbara. Anglo-Egyptian forces crushed 6,000 Sudanese.
    (HN, 4/8/99)(MC, 4/8/02)

1902        Apr 8, Josef Krips, conductor (London Symph 1954-63), was born in Vienna, Austria.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1904        Apr 8, Britain and France signed a series of agreements dubbed the entente cordial. It marked the end of almost a century of intermittent conflict between the two nations and their predecessor states. The Entente cordiale, along with the Anglo-Russian Entente and the Franco-Russian Alliance, later became part of the Triple Entente among the UK, France, and Russia.
    (Econ, 3/26/11, p.64)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entente_cordiale)

1910        Apr 8, Harriet Doerr (d.2002) was born as Harriet Huntington, grand-daughter of railroad tycoon Henry Edwards Huntington, in Pasadena. In 1984 she won the American Book Award for 1st fiction for “Stone for Ibarra."
    (SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)

1911        Apr 8, Melvin Calvin, US chemist (photosynthesis, Nobel 1961), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1912        Apr 8, Sonja Henie (d.1969), ice skater, actress (Olympic-gold-1928,32,36), was born in Oslo, Norway. Henie won 10 consecutive world championships.
    (MC, 4/8/02)(SSFC, 10/5/03, Par p.2)
1912        Apr 8, Steamers collided in Nile, drowning 200.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1913        Apr 8, The US 17th Amendment was ratified, requiring direct election of senators, as opposed to appointment by state legislatures.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
1913        Apr 8, Opening of China's 1st parliament took place in Peking (Beijing).
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1914        Apr 8, U.S. and Columbia signed a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone.
    (HN, 4/8/98)

1918        Apr 8, The US First Aero Squadron was assigned to the Western Front for the first time on observation duty.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1919        Apr 8, Douglas Ian Smith, premier of Rhodesia, was born. He was Premier of the British Colony of Southern Rhodesia (13 Apr 1964 - 11 Nov 1965) and Prime Minister of the Republic of Rhodesia (11 Nov 1965 - 1 Jun 1979). He was Premier of the British Colony of Southern Rhodesia (13 Apr 1964 - 11 Nov 1965) and Prime Minister of the Republic of Rhodesia (11 Nov 1965 - 1 Jun 1979).
    (http://rhodesian.server101.com/Ian%20Douglas%20Smith.htm)

1920        Apr 8, Carmen McRae, jazz vocalist and pianist, was born.
    (HN, 4/8/01)
1920        Apr 8, Charles Tomlinson Griffes (35), US composer (White Peacock), died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1921        Apr 8, Betty Bloomer Ford, first lady to President Gerald Ford, was born.
    (HN, 4/8/99)

1923        Apr 8, Franco Corelli, tenor, was born in Anconia, Italy.
    (MC, 4/8/02)
1923        Apr 8, Death toll from plague reached 1,000 in India.
    (HN, 4/8/98)

1928        Apr 8, The 1st Karastan rug, a machine-made product woven through the back, came off the loom in Leaksville, NC.
    (SFCM, 10/10/04, p.10)

1929        Apr 8, Walter Berry, singer, ex husband of Christa Ludwig, was born in Austria.
    (MC, 4/8/02)
1929        Apr 8, Jacques Brel (d.1978), singer, actor, was born in Belgium.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1930        Apr 8, John Reardon, baritone (Falke-Die Fledermaus), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1933        Apr 8, Manchester Guardian warned of unknown Nazi terror.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1935        Apr 8, The Emergency Relief Appropriation Act authorized $5 billion to increase employment and for useful projects including the Works Progress Administration (WPA). President Franklin Roosevelt proposed the Works Progress Administration (WPA) during the Great Depression of the 1930s when almost 25 percent of Americans were unemployed. The WPA created low-paying federal jobs to provide immediate relief. The WPA put 8.5 million jobless to work on projects as diverse as constructing highways, bridges and public buildings to arts programs like the Federal Writers' Project. Writers were paid to produce comprehensive guidebooks for each of the US states and Washington DC. In 2008 Nick Taylor authored “"American-Made: The Enduring Legacy of the WPA, When FDR Put America to Work."
    (AP, 4/8/97)(HN, 4/8/98)(HNPD, 4/8/99)(SFC, 3/12/08, p.E2)(WSJ, 2/17/09, p.A13)
1935        Apr 8, Adolph Ochs (b.1858), publisher of the New York Times, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolph_Ochs)

1937        Apr 8, Seymour Hersh, award winning investigative reporter (NY Times), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1939        Apr 8, Italy, under Fascist dictatorship led by Benito Mussolini seized the country of Albania. The Albanian parliament voted to unite Albania with Italy; King Zog fled to Greece. Under Mussolini’s totalitarian rule Italy embarked on expansion and military conquest. Ethiopia fell victim, conquered by Italy in 1936. Italy’s foreign policy cooperation with Germany began in 1936 and both joined forces to intervene in the Spanish Civil War on the side of Francisco Franco’s rebel forces. Italy’s military alliance with Germany was struck in 1939. [see Apr 7]
    (HN, 4/8/98)(www, Albania, 1998)

1940        Apr 8, German battle cruisers sank British aircraft carrier Glorious.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1941        Apr 8, Eugene-Marcel Prevost, novelist, died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1942        Apr 8, The Soviets opened a rail link to the besieged city of Leningrad.
    (HN, 4/8/99)

1943        Apr 8, Michael Bennett, AIDS victim, choreographer (Chorus Line) and theater director, was born as Michael Bennett DiFiglia.
    (NYT, 7/3/87, P.A1)
1943        Apr 8, J.P. Kavanaugh, racehorse trainer, was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)
1943        Apr 8, Jomo Kenyatta (1891-1978) of Kenya was convicted of involvement with Mau Mau. [see Apr 8, 1953]
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1944        Apr 8, Anthony Farrar Hockley, military historian, was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1945        Apr 8, Nazi occupiers were executed. Nazi general Christiansen fled the Netherlands.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1946        Apr 8,    The League of Nations assembled in Geneva for its last session.
    (AP, 4/8/08)

1950        Apr 8, A US Navy Privateer airplane flew from Wiesbaden, West Germany, to spy over the Soviet Union with 10 people on board. Soviet reconnaissance spotted the plane over Latvia and shot it down.
    (SFEC,12/21/97, p.A26)(www.coldwar.org/articles/50s/baltic_incident.html)
1950        Apr 8, Vaslav Fomich Nijinsky (b.1889), Ukraine-born ballet dancer, died in London. He created 4 ballets that included "The Afternoon of a Fawn" and "Jeux" with music by Claude Debussy.
    (AP, 4/8/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaslav_Nijinsky)

1952        Apr 8, President Truman, to avert a strike, ordered the Army to seize the nation’s steel mills after companies rejected Wage Stabilization Board recommendations. Truman’s attempt to take over the US steel industry was later denied by the Supreme Court and the mills were shut down by strikers for 8 weeks [see Jun 2].
    (TMC, 1994, p.1952)(AP, 4/8/97)(HN, 4/8/98)(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.B10)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)

1953        Apr 8, A Federal Grand Jury in SF indicted Hugh Bryson, pres. of the National Union of Marine Cooks and Stewards, on charges that he falsely claimed that he was not a communist in a Taft-Hartley affidavit.
    (SFC, 4/4/03, p.E6)
1953        Apr 8, Jomo Kenyatta (1891-1978), one of modern Africa's earliest nationalist leaders, was convicted by Kenya's British rulers for leading the Mau Mau Rebellion against the white settlers of his country. Along with five other Mau Mau leaders, he was subsequently sentenced to seven years' hard labor.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1955        Apr 8, Barbara Kingsolver, novelist (The Bean Trees, Animal Dreams), was born.
    (HN, 4/8/01)

1956        Apr 8, Poet Gary Snyder resolved to write his opus Mountains and Rivers Without End.
    (SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.31)
1956        Apr 8, Six marine recruits drowned during exercise at Paradise Island, SC.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1962        Apr 8, Bay of Pigs invaders got thirty years imprisonment in Cuba.
    (HN, 4/8/98)

1963        Apr 8, Julian Lennon, John Lennon’s son, singer (Too Late for Goodbyes), was born.
    (MC, 4/8/02)
1963        Apr 8, In the 35th Academy Awards "Lawrence of Arabia," Anne Bancroft and Gregory Peck won.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1965        Apr 8, Erik A. Blomberg (70), Swedish art historian, poet, author, died.
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1966        Apr 8, The AFL chose 36 year old Al Davis as commissioner.
    (MC, 4/8/02)
1966        Apr 8, The cover of Time magazine asked “Is God Dead?" An article inside examined the changing view of the Judeo-Christian god.
    (SFC, 7/31/08, p.B5)(www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19660408,00.html)
1966        Apr 8, Leonid Brezhnev was elected secretary-general of communist party. [see Mar 29]
    (MC, 4/8/02)

1968        Apr 8, The Academy Awards and Baseball's Opening Day were postponed because of the M.L. King assassination.
    (www.funtrivia.com/en/subtopics/The-Assassination-of-Martin-Luther-King-201065.html)
1968        Apr 8, Clay Felker (1925-2008), former editor of the New York Herald’s Sunday magazine, re-introduced New York magazine as a glossy after the paper folded.
    (SFC, 7/2/08, p.A2)
1968        Apr 8, In Czechoslovakia a new government was formed under Oldrich Cernik.
    (http://archiv.radio.cz/history/history14.html)
1968        Apr 8, In Vietnam Khe Sanh was officially relieved after 77 days by the US 2nd Cavalry.   US forces in Operation Pegasus finally retook Route 9, ending the siege of Khe Sanh. Khe Sanh had been the biggest single battle of the Vietnam War to that point. The official assessment of the North Vietnamese Army dead was just over 1,600 killed, with two divisions all but annihilated. Thousands more were probably killed by American bombing.
    (www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/timeline/index2.html)

1970        Apr 8,    The Senate rejected President Nixon's nomination of G. Harold Carswell to the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 4/8/97)

1971        Apr 8, The 1st legal off-track betting (OTB) system began in NYC.
    (www.nycotb.com/newnycotb/AboutUs/NYCOTBHistory/tabid/57/Default.aspx)

1973        Apr 8, Pablo Picasso (b.1881), Spanish artist, died at his home near Mougins, France, at age 91. He left some 50,000 works that included 1,885 paintings, 1,228 sculptures, 2,880 ceramics, 18,095 engravings, 6,112 lithographs, 3,181 linocuts, 7,089 drawings plus 4,669 drawings and sketches in 149 notebooks, 11 tapestries and 8 rugs. Two books of a planned 4-volume biography were published by John Richardson, who then interrupted the series in 2000 with "The Sorcerer’s Apprentice: Picasso, Provence, and Douglas Cooper." Picasso’s estate owed so much in death duties that many of his works fell into government hands. In 2007 John Richardson authored “A Life of Picasso: The Triumphant Years, 1917-1932."
    (AP, 4/8/97)(SFEC, 1/30/00, BR p.6)(SSFC, 5/20/01, p.T8)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.99)

1974        Apr 8, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hit his 715th career home run in a game against the Los Angeles Dodgers, breaking Babe Ruth's record. The round-tripper was off pitcher Al Downing.
    (HN, 4/8/98)(AP, 4/8/07)

1975        Apr 8, In the 47th Academy Awards "Godfather II," Ellen Burstyn and Art Carney won.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/47th_Academy_Awards)
1975        Apr 8, Frank Robinson, major-league baseball's first black manager, got off to a winning start as his team, the Cleveland Indians, defeated the New York Yankees, 5-3.
    (AP, 4/8/97)(HN, 4/8/98)

1977        Apr 8, Israel premier Rabin resigned as prime minister due to a bank account scandal after it was revealed that his wife, Leah, had illegally maintained a foreign currency account containing about $3,000 in the United States.
    (SFEC, 4/21/97, p.D4)(http://i-cias.com/e.o/rabin_yz.htm)

1979        Apr 8, The 204th and final episode of "All in the Family" ran on TV.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_in_the_Family)

1981        Apr 8, The short play "Rockaby" by Samuel Beckett (1906-1989), Irish novelist and playwright, premiered in Buffalo, NY.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockaby)
1981        Apr 8, Gen. Omar N. Bradley died in New York City at age 88.
    (AP, 4/8/98)

1984        Apr 8, In the 4th Golden Raspberry Awards: “The Lonely Lady" won.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983_Golden_Raspberry_Awards)

1985        Apr 8, India filed suit against Union Carbide over Bhopal disaster.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_8)

1986        Apr 8, Clint Eastwood (b.1930), filmstar and director, was elected mayor of Carmel, California.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clint_Eastwood)

1987        Apr 8, Al Campanis, Dodger executive for more than 40 years, was fired after saying on ABC's "Nightline" that blacks may lack some of the "necessities" for becoming baseball managers.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/chronology/1987APRIL.stm)(AP, 4/8/97)

1988        Apr 8, Pres. Reagan issued Executive Order 12365 ordering the immediate blocking of all property and interests in property of the Government of Panama.
    (www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1988/101488e.htm)
1988        Apr 8, The Rev. Jimmy Swaggart was defrocked as a minister of the Assemblies of God after he rejected an order from the church's national leaders to stop preaching for a year amid reports he'd consorted with a prostitute.
    (AP, 4/8/08)

1989        Apr 8, In San Francisco Roshawn Johnson (20) and Charles Hughes (18), described as innocent bystanders, were slain in a gang gun battle at Newcomb Ave and Mansell in Hunters Point. In 1992 Caramad Conley was locked up for 2 life terms. In 2010 a SF Superior court judge ruled that Conley was denied a fair trial after the star witness, Clifford Polk, lied on the stand about whether he was being paid to testify. Earl Sanders, later SF police chief, acknowledged in 2010 that that he had made payments to Polk. In 2011 Conley was freed. In 2014 Conley was poised to get $3.5 million from SF for being wrongfully convicted.
    (SFC, 11/14/00, p.A23)(SFC, 12/15/10, p.A1)(SFC, 1/12/11, p.C3)(SFC, 7/14/14, p.C1)
1989        Apr 8, The Soviet Union acknowledged that one of its nuclear submarines, the Komsomolets, caught fire and sank 210 miles north of Norway the day before. 42 of 69 lives were reported lost.
    (AP, 4/8/99)(SFC, 8/14/00, p.A13)

1990        Apr 8,    The cult series Twin Peaks premiered on ABC TV. It ran until Apr 18, 1991.
    (SFC, 2/19/96, zz-1 p.3)(AP, 4/8/00)
1990        Apr 8, Ryan White (18), the teen-age AIDS patient whose battle for acceptance gained national attention, died in Indianapolis. The Ryan White Foundation was established for AIDS education programs after his death and it closed its doors due to dwindling funds in 1999.
    (AP, 4/8/97)(SFC, 10/19/99, p.A3)
1990        Apr 8, A global conference of the Prague-based International Romani Union, a coalition of organizations working to ease the plight of Gypsies, designated this day as International Day of Roma.
    (AP, 4/8/06)

1991        Apr 8, The show Twin Peaks ended its run on TV.
    (SFC, 2/19/96, zz-1 p.3)
1991        Apr 8, US Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third toured refugee camps near the Iraqi border, praising relief efforts but saying “hope must be given to these people for a return to home."
    (AP, 4/8/01)
1991        Apr 8, Jockey Willie Shoemaker was left paralyzed in an automobile accident.
    (AP, 4/8/01)

1992        Apr 8, "Five Guys Named Moe" opened at Eugene O'Neill Theater in NYC for 445 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/show.asp?ID=3583)
1992        Apr 8, Tennis great Arthur Ashe announced at a New York news conference that he had AIDS, saying he was forced to go public because a newspaper had inquired about his health. Ashe died February, 1993, of AIDS-related pneumonia at age 49.
    (AP, 4/8/97)
1992        Apr 8, Britain's "Punch Magazine" ran its final issue after 151 years.
    (http://tinyurl.com/c3n3a)

1993        Apr 8, The U.N. General Assembly admitted the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia as its 181st member.
    (AP, 4/8/98)
1993        Apr 8, President Clinton unveiled his $1.52 trillion budget for fiscal 1994.
    (AP, 4/8/98)
1993        Apr 8, Singer Marian Anderson died in Portland, Ore., at age 96.
    (AP, 4/8/98)

1994        Apr 8, Smoking was banned in Pentagon and all US military bases.
    (www-tech.mit.edu/V114/N12/briefs1.12w.html)
1994        Apr 8, Kurt Cobain (b.1967), singer-musician for the grunge band Nirvana, was found dead in Seattle of an apparently self-inflicted gunshot wound; he was 27.
    (AP, 4/8/97)(SFEC, 2/2/97, DB. p.52)
1994        Apr 8, Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa announced his intention to resign in the wake of an ever-widening financial scandal. In 1998 Hosokawa abandoned politics and began studying ceramics. In 2006 his pieces fetched as much as $10,000.
    (AP, 4/8/99)(SSFC, 2/19/06, p.A21)
1994        Apr 8, In Rwanda Jean Kambanda was appointed prime minister of the interim government. He went on radio and urged fellow Hutus to abuse, hurt and kill Tutsis and Hutu moderates. He pleaded guilty in 1998 to charges that he incited the slaughter of over 800,000 Rwandans.
    (SFC, 5/2/98, p.A8)
1994        Apr 8, In Rwanda more than 1,400 Tutsis were massacred by Hutu militia at a church atop a hill in Kesho.
    (AP, 2/1/14)
1994        Apr 8, About this time the commander of UN forces in Rwanda warned Kofi Annan, head of the UN Peacekeeping operations, that the Kigali government was planning to slaughter Tutsis. Annan’s office ordered Gen’l. Romeo Dallaire of Canada not to protect the informant or to confiscate arms stockpiles. Annan later claimed that he lacked the military might and political backing to stop the slaughter of more than 500,000 people.
    (USAT, 5/4/98, p.9A)(USAT, 5/5/98, p.11A)

1995        Apr 8, Former Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara, in an interview with AP Network News and "Newsweek" magazine to promote his memoir “In Retrospect," called America's Vietnam War policy "terribly wrong."
    (AP, 4/8/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_McNamara)

1996        Apr 8, Eve Ramsey, the pivotal character of the online soap opera “The East Village," was born from the creative team at Marinex Multimedia Corp.
    (WSJ, 6/26/97, p.A16)
1996        Apr 8, Stock prices plunged on Wall Street amid concerns over stronger-than-expected employment data. The Dow Jones industrial average fell 88.51 to end at 5,594.37.
    (AP, 4/8/97)

1997        Apr 8, The Vatican chose Archbishop Francis George of Portland, Ore., to head the Archdiocese of Chicago, succeeding the late Cardinal Joseph Bernardin.
    (AP, 4/8/98)
1997        Apr 8, Lawmakers returned from a visit to North Korea announced that the people there were subsisting on 5 ounces of rice per day and eating grass and tree bark.
    (WSJ, 4/9/97, p.A1)
1997        Apr 8, Microsoft Corp released Internet Explorer 4.0.
    (http://tinyurl.com/dax6p)
1997        Apr 8, The Columbia space shuttle landed with its mission shortened by 12 days due to a faulty fuel cell [a defective generator].
    (WSJ, 4/9/97, p.A1)(AP, 4/8/98)
1997        Apr 8, Singer and songwriter Laura Nyro (b.1947) died in Danbury, Conn., at age 49 of ovarian cancer. In 2012 she was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
    (SFC, 4/10/97, p.A23)(AP, 4/8/98)(SSFC, 4/15/12, p.A9)
1997        Apr 8, In Mexico Raul Gutierrez, director of the capital’s nine prisons, resigned. More resignations in light of corruption and special privileges for imprisoned powerful drug traffickers followed.
    (SFC, 4/10/97, p.A14)

1998        Apr 8, The nation's major cigarette makers withdrew support for a historic tobacco settlement, saying Congress had twisted their offer to help cut teen smoking into a harsh attack on their industry and sharp tax increases for American smokers.
    (AP, 4/8/99)
1998        Apr 8, It was reported that Europe’s Infrared Space Observatory discovered water around stars and planets. Water vapor in the atmosphere of Titan was reported.
    (SFC, 4/8/98, p.A8)
1998        Apr 8, It was reported that a 20-year int’l. survey of plant diversity found that 1 out of every 8 known plant species was threatened with extinction.
    (SFC, 4/8/98, p.A3)
1998        Apr 8, A line of storms struck the southeast and killed at least 41 people. 32 were left dead in Alabama, 8 in Georgia and 1 in Mississippi. Thirty-six people were killed by tornadoes that struck Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia.
    (SFC, 4/9/98, p.A3)(SFC, 4/10/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/10/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/8/99)
1998        Apr 8, In Bosnia NATO forces arrested Miroslav Kvocka and Mladen Radic, both whom were charged for war crimes at the Omarska camp near Prijedor where scores of Muslim and Croat prisoners were killed in 1992.
    (SFC, 4/9/98, p.A12)
1998        Apr 8, Cuba restored relations with the Dominican Republic.
    (WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A1)
1998        Apr 8, In Latvia the Democratic Party Samnieks, the largest of the 6-party coalition, walked out of Parliament accusing the nationalist prime minister of souring relations with Russia.
    (SFC, 4/9/98, p.A9)
1998        Apr 8, It was reported that 22 Romanian ships carrying 500 sailors were stranded worldwide due to economic problems of the state shipping firm, Navrom.
    (SFC, 4/8/98, p.A12)

1999        Apr 8, At a White House news conference, President Clinton said NATO could still win in Kosovo by air power alone, and he expressed hope for an early release of three American POW's.
    (AP, 4/8/00)
1999        Apr 8, Pres. Clinton and Premier Zhu Rongji of China made some trade agreements but did not agree on China's entry into the WTO. Premier Zhu Rongji promised to cooperate in investigations of alleged nuclear-weapons spying and illegal campaign contributions by Beijing.
    (SFC, 4/9/99, p.A1)(AP, 4/8/00)
1999        Apr 8, An enzyme called presenilin was reported to be a critical factor in Alzheimer's disease.
    (SFC, 4/8/99, p.A2)
1999        Apr 8, In Florida a power plant explosion killed 2 people in Tampa and injured 49.
    (WSJ, 4/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 8, The EU cut interest rates by .50% from 3% to 2.5% in an attempt to stave off a recession.
    (WSJ, 4/9/99, p.A9)
1999        Apr 8, NATO bombing in Yugoslavia blocked freighter and barge traffic on the Danube.
    (SFC, 4/9/99, p.A17)
1999        Apr 8, In Malaysia it was reported that some 111 people had died in the last 6 months from a new virus that was believed to be spreading from pigs to humans.
    (SFC, 4/9/99, p.A16)
1999        Apr 8, In Montenegro Pres. Milo Djukanovic warned Gen'l. Milorad Obradovic to stop breaking into homes and forcibly taking citizens into military service.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A28)
1999        Apr 8, In Kacanik, Kosovo, a Serbian firefight with the KLA left 17 people dead.
    (SFC, 6/15/99, p.A12)
1999        Apr 8, Serbia said it has ended its Kosovo offensive and was allowing refugees to return home.
    (WSJ, 4/9/99, p.A10)

2000        Apr 8, US Catholic Bishops honored this day as a National Day of Atonement."
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C2)
2000        Apr 8, The Central Intelligence Agency confirmed that personnel action had been taken following the mistaken bombing of the Chinese embassy during the NATO war against Yugoslavia; one employee was reportedly fired.
    (AP, 4/8/01)
2000        Apr 8, A Marine Corps aircraft, MV-22 tilt-rotor Osprey, with at least 18 people aboard crashed at the Avra Valley Airport near Tucson. All 19 Marines onboard were killed in the crash.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.A15)(SFEC, 4/10/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 8, Claire Trevor, Hollywood actress, died at age 90 [91]. She had starred in over 60 films which included “Key Largo" (1948) and “The High and the Mighty" (1954).
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C14)
2000        Apr 8, In Bolivia Pres. Banzer declared a state of emergency following a week of protests. 3 protesters were reported killed in 3 separate clashes which began in Cochabamba over a 20% increase in water rates.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C13)
2000        Apr 8, In Haiti violence broke out following the funeral of radio broadcaster Jean Dominique and Aristide supporters set fire to offices of the Confederation of Democratic Unity in Port-au-Prince. The government continued to delay elections.
    (SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C13)

2001        Apr 8, Eldrick Tiger Woods won the Masters golf tournament, his 4th straight major championship in a span of 294 days.
    (SFC, 4/9/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/8/02)
2001        Apr 8, Sec. of State Colin Powell expressed sorrow for the Chinese pilot lost on Apr 1, but the Chinese continued to demand that the US apologize reiterated a demand that the US stop all military surveillance off the Chinese coast. US officials said Pres. Bush was sending a letter to the wife of a missing Chinese fighter pilot as a humanitarian gesture. The pilot's plane had collided with a US spy plane, forcing the spy plane to make an emergency landing in China.
    (SFC, 4/9/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/8/02)
2001        Apr 8, It was reported that foot-and-mouth disease was endemic in Asia and that 3,282 cases were confirmed in Hong Kong over the past year.
    (SSFC, 4/7/01, p.C3)
2001        Apr 8, In Nepal Maoist rebels killed 28 policemen over the weekend. The government said it was ready to begin talks, but the top opposition party wanted the premier to quit.
    (WSJ, 4/9/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 8, In Peru Alejandro Toledo (55) led the presidential elections with 36% of the vote. A runoff was planned with Alan Garcia who received 25.7%.
    (SFC, 4/9/01, p.A7)

2002        Apr 8, The Pulitzer Prizes were announced. Arts winners included Louis Menand in history for “The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America," David McCullough for his biography “John Adams," and composer Henry Bryant (88) for “Ice Field." The New York Times won seven Pulitzer Prizes, six of them related to coverage of the Sept. 11 attacks; Suzan-Lori Parks became the first black woman to win a Pulitzer for drama for her play "Topdog/Underdog" while Richard Russo won the fiction prize for "Empire Falls."
    (SFC, 4/9/02, p.A2)(AP, 4/8/03)
2002        Apr 8, US Sec. of State Colin Powell arrived in Morocco as a large pro-Palestinian paralyzed the capital.
    (WSJ, 4/8/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 8, The US INS announced new rules in an attempt to close immigration loopholes.
    (SFC, 4/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 8, The space shuttle Atlantis took off for an 11-day mission to the ISS carrying latticework and a rail car.
    (SFC, 4/9/02, p.A3)
2002        Apr 8, In Kabul, Afghanistan, a bomb exploded near the convoy of Defense Minister Mohammed Fahim and at least 5 people were killed including 2 children.
    (SFC, 4/9/02, p.A7)
2002        Apr 8, Iraq said it would halt oil exports for a month to protest Israel’s campaign in the Palestinian territories.
    (SFC, 4/9/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 8, In Israel PM Sharon announced a limited pullback of troops and the building of buffer zones. The stance of the Bush administration called for immediate withdrawal but expected action to coincide with Sec. of State Powell’s arrival Apr 12.
    (SFC, 4/9/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/10/02, p.A18)
2002        Apr 8, In Kosovo Serbs rioted following the arrest of a man guarding a bridge to keep out ethnic Albanians. 19 UN policemen were injured.
    (WSJ, 4/9/02, p.A1)

2003        Apr 8, Connecticut won its second straight NCAA women's basketball championship, defeating Tennessee 73-68.
    (AP, 4/8/04)
2003        Apr 8, In the 21st day of Operation Iraqi Freedom George W. Bush and Tony Blair met in Northern Ireland and endorsed a "vital role" for the United Nations when fighting ends in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, The US Dept. of Homeland Security announced $100 million in grants to 7 major US cities.
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 8, Kidnapper-rapist John Jamelske, was arrested. He had imprisoned 5 women and girls, one after another, as sex slaves inside a makeshift dungeon in his DeWitt, NY, home.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2003        Apr 8, In Ohio a Dassault Aviation Falcon 20 crashed short of the runway at Toledo Express Airport and 3 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 8, An American warplane mistakenly bombed a house, killing 11 civilians near Afghanistan's eastern border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 8, In Burundi battles started between the Tutsi-dominated army and the rebel Forces for the Defense of Democracy, or FDD, after the army tried to intercept insurgents moving into Gitega province. More than 6,000 people fled their homes in response.
    (AP, 4/12/03)
2003        Apr 8, In Chechnya a Russian armored personnel carrier hit a land mine in Grozny and exploded, killing two soldiers and injuring several others.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, A jobless man died in a southern Czech village after setting himself on fire in the sixth case of self-immolation in recent weeks.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, Twenty-two European countries submitted a proposed resolution to the UN's top human rights body accusing Russia of grave rights violations in the breakaway republic of Chechnya.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, Indonesia police and the military in Aceh killed nine people.
    (AP, 4/8/03)
2003        Apr 8, A US errant rocket struck in Iran near the Iraqi border and killed a 13-year-old boy.
    (SFC, 4/9/03, p.A21)
2003        Apr 8, In Iraq 2 cameramen and one other journalist were killed and at least 3 others wounded when an American tank hit the Hotel Palestine where they were staying. An Al-Jazeera journalist was killed by US fire. In 2005 a Spanish judge issued an arrest warrant for the 3-member US tank crew, for the death of Jose Couso, who worked for the Spanish television network Telecinco. Khalid Ibrahim Sa'id, Iraqi physicist, was killed in Baghdad by a US tank crew as he rode in a car to check on his home. British forces began establishing the first post-war administration, putting a local sheik into power in the southern city of Basra. Looting erupted shortly after their troops took control of the city. A US warplane was shot down near Baghdad. US forces seized Rasheed military airport.
    (AP, 4/8/03)(AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 10/19/05)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)(SSFC, 3/6/11, p.F6)
2003        Apr 8, An Israeli AH-64 Apache helicopter fired a missile at a car in Gaza City after sundown, killing at least 6 people, including Saed Arabeed, a Palestinian militant, and 2 boys aged 4 and 15.
    (AP, 4/8/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A3)

2004        Apr 8, Condoleeza Rice, US national security advisor, testified before the National Commission on Terrorism Attacks and contended that that Pres. Bush did not ignore threats of terrorism in the months before Sep 11, 2001.
    (SFC, 4/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 8, Clear Channel fired Howard Stearn after FCC regulators proposed fining the company $495,000 for airing the shock jock's sexually explicit broadcasts. [see 1985]
    (SFC, 4/9/04, p.A3)
2004        Apr 8, Reliant Energy, based in Houston, Texas, was indicted over an alleged plot to boost power prices in June, 2000, at a cost to consumers of as much as $32 million. On August 15, 2005, Reliant announced that it had reached a $460 million settlement with the states of California, Oregon and Washington, resolving civil litigation claims against the company related to the sale of electricity in the California electricity crisis of 2000 and 2001. In March 2007, Reliant agreed to pay a $22.2 million penalty in addition to a $13.8 million credit provided in a previous settlement with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reliant_Energy)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 8, Fred Olivi (82), who copiloted the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki, died in Lemont, Ill.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2004        Apr 8, In Afghanistan troops loyal to ethnic Uzbek warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum overran Maymana, the center of Faryab province. In the south, clashes left at least 7 people dead, including two Afghan soldiers, and two police officers killed in an attack by suspected Taliban
    (AP, 4/8/04)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A3)
2004        Apr 8, Algeria held elections seen as a turning point toward democracy for the North African nation after a bloody Islamic insurgency. President Abdelaziz Bouteflika was re-elected with 83% of the vote, but his challenger cried foul and promised to appeal.
    (AP, 4/9/04)(SFC, 4/10/04, p.A3)
2004        Apr 8, In China PM Wen Jiabao suspended plans for a huge dam system on the Nu River in western China due to environmental concerns.
    (SFC, 4/9/04, p.A10)
2004        Apr 8, In France striking power workers switched off street lights and cut electricity to homes to protest plans to partially privatize public utilities. Even the famed Chateau de Versailles lost power.
    (AP, 4/8/04)   
2004        Apr 8, Shiite Muslim militias held partial control over three southern Iraqi cities, Kufa, Kut and Najaf. Sunni insurgents killed a U.S. Marine in the battle for Fallujah. In escalating violence, gunmen kidnapped eight South Korean civilians. The US military announced 5 deaths. The estimated Iraqi toll was 460.
    (AP, 4/8/04)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 8, In a dramatic video, Iraqi insurgents revealed they had kidnapped 3 Japanese and threatened to burn them alive in 3 days unless Japan agrees to withdraw its troops. The hostages were later released unharmed.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2004        Apr 8, In Indian-held Kashmir a grenade explosion and gunfire at an election rally killed 9 people and wounded at least 60, including the state's tourism and finance ministers.
    (AP, 4/8/04)(WSJ, 4/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 8, A Moscow court handed down a 20-year prison sentence to a Chechen woman who was earlier convicted of carrying a bomb that killed an explosives expert.
    (AP, 4/8/04)
2004        Apr 8, In the Philippines 6 members of the Muslim extremist Abu Sayyaf group including Hamsiraji Sali, a senior leader wanted by the US, were killed in a clash with government troops on southern Basilan island. In Oct three informants received $1 million for their help.
    (AP, 4/8/04)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A3)(SFC, 11/27/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 8, The Sudanese government signed a cease-fire with rebels in the western Darfur region.
    (SFC, 4/9/04, p.A2)
2004        Apr 8, U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan expressed disappointment after Cypriot leaders on both sides rejected his reunification plan.
    (AP, 4/8/04)

2005        Apr 8, In Washington DC Humayun A. Khan (47) of Islamabad, Pakistan, was indicted for supplying India and Pakistan with outlawed components for nuclear weapons and ballistic missile systems.
    (SFC, 4/9/05, p.A8)
2005        Apr 8, ChevronTexaco Corp. said it has awarded a $1.7 billion contract to build Nigeria's third natural gas-to-liquids plant to a consortium including Halliburton Co. subsidiary KBR.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, Angola’s death toll from the Marburg virus, which has no effective treatment, rose to 181 with no signs of abating. Doctors without Borders urged the government to close the regional hospital at Uige to help contain the spread. Suspected cases have been identified in 7 provinces.
    (SFC, 4/9/05, p.A8)(SSFC, 4/10/05, p.A5)
2005        Apr 8, The Wiggles, 4 Australian performers, topped BRW Magazine's list of Australia's 50 richest performers in 2004 with an estimated gross income of $34.5 million, up from $10.7 million in the previous year.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, The EU’s executive commission said it had recommended guidelines to member states to boost the market for low-cost, high-speed Internet access delivered over electricity power supply lines.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, Kalman Ferenczfalvi (84), credited with saving the lives of some 2,000 Jews during the Holocaust, died in Hungary.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 8, Indonesia's Pres. Yudhoyono was greeted in East Timor on a visit to bolster reconciliation between Jakarta and the territory it once occupied with brutal force.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, In Iraq 4 children collecting trash were killed by a homemade bomb in Baghdad, and masked gunmen killed an Iraqi Army officer in a restaurant in the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, Fadhil al-Shawky, a senior al-Sadr official who had arrived from Karbala to take part in a protest, was gunned down in the New Baghdad neighborhood.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 8, The Gulmarg Gondola was inaugurated. The Jammu and Kashmir Cable Car Corporation (JKCCC) made the second phase of the Gulmarg Gondola operational taking it to the heights of the Afarwat peak.
    (SSFC, 2/26/06, p.E1)(www.natives.co.uk/news/2005/04/13indi.htm)
2005        Apr 8, Lawmakers stripped Mexico City's mayor of immunity from prosecution, clearing the way for criminal charges. The shaky legal case against Lopez Obrador alleges that in 2001, the city government failed for 11 months to obey a court order to vacate contested land that it had expropriated for the purpose of building a road.
    (AP, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, Raul Gibb Guerrero, director of La Opinion of Poza Rica newspaper, was shot to death in an apparent ambush by drug hit men, the 2nd attack on Mexican journalists in a week.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 8, Nepalese soldiers repelled a major rebel assault overnight on one of their bases in the country's mountainous northwest, killing at least 50 communist guerrillas during a battle that lasted more than 12 hours. Soldiers soon recovered more bodies of Maoists killed in the raid, taking the toll of rebels to 113 in the deadliest clash in the country in five months.
    (AP, 4/8/05)(AFP, 4/10/05)
2005        Apr 8, Former Salvadoran President Francisco Flores, the U.S. government's choice to lead the Washington-based Organization of American States, withdrew his candidacy. His withdrawal means that, for the first time in the 57-year history of the OAS, Washington's candidate will not win.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 8, The World Food Program said food rations will be cut for more than one million Darfuris who have fled fighting to makeshift camps in the region because of a drastic shortage of funds.
    (Reuters, 4/8/05)
2005        Apr 8, In northern Zambia a truck packed with high school students skidded off a mountain road, killing at least 38 and seriously injuring 50.
    (AP, 4/9/05)
2005        Apr 8, World leaders joined pilgrims and prelates in St. Peter's Square for the funeral of Pope John Paul II.
    (AP, 4/8/06)

2006        Apr 8, The New Yorker magazine reported in its April 17 issue that the administration of Pres. George W. Bush is planning a massive bombing campaign against Iran, including use of bunker-buster nuclear bombs to destroy a key Iranian suspected nuclear weapons facility.
    (AFP, 4/8/06)
2006        Apr 8, Democratic Party leaders in Vermont passed a motion asking Congress to immediately begin impeachment proceedings against President Bush.
    (Reuters, 4/9/06)
2006        Apr 8, The US cost to date of the Iraq war was put at $250 billion. Estimates suggested that the costs could reach $2.24 trillion by 2015.
    (Econ, 4/8/06, p.33)
2006        Apr 8, In western Afghanistan a suicide car bomb outside a NATO military base in Herat city killed two Afghans and wounded seven others.
    (AP, 4/8/06)
2006        Apr 8, Belarussian President Alexander Lukashenko has been sworn in for a third five-year term and used the occasion to lash out at his foreign critics.
    (AP, 4/8/06)
2006        Apr 8, In Canada 8 men were found dead inside abandoned vehicles in a remote wooded area of a farmer's property. All were all from greater Toronto and all knew each other.
    (AP, 4/9/06)
2006        Apr 8, The Rolling Stones made their debut in mainland China with a censored, but still raucous, concert in Shanghai.
    (AP, 4/8/07)
2006        Apr 8, Harley-Davidson Inc. opened its first dealership in China, with promises to bring its trademark easy-riding attitude to bikers in the world's most sought-after market.
    (AP, 4/8/06)
2006        Apr 8, In Ghana an overloaded motorboat carrying about 150 passengers on Lake Volta, and 110 people are missing and feared dead. Only 40 people are known to have survived the sinking.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 8, Police found four headless bodies showing signs of torture that were dumped on a farm about 20 mile north of Baghdad. 7 other bodies were found in 3 Baghdad neighborhoods. A mortar round hit a house near the Education Ministry in central Baghdad, killing two men. In the southern neighborhood of Dora, gunmen killed a Shiite cigarette vendor and police found the body of a man killed by a roadside bomb near a highway. 6 Shiite pilgrims were blown up by a suicide car bomber on a road leading to Shiite shrines south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/8/06)(AFP, 4/8/06)(SSFC, 4/9/06, p.A14)
2006        Apr 8, In Nepal security forces fired on anti-monarch demonstrators in separate marches, killing one and wounding five.
    (AP, 4/8/06)
2006        Apr 8, In Nigeria at least a dozen people drowned when an overcrowded dugout canoe capsized in a remote creek in the delta region. 5 employees of a contractor to US oil company Chevron were among the dead. Nigerian newspapers said at least 20 people died, adding 12 bodies had been recovered.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 8, North Korea's top negotiator to stalled six-way talks on Pyongyang's nuclear arms program began discussions with other envoys involved in the negotiations in an effort to put the process back on track.
    (Reuters, 4/8/06)
2006        Apr 8, Thousands of Russians left behind by their country's economic boom came out onto the streets to protest at what they said was the widening gulf between rich and poor.
    (AP, 4/8/06)
2006        Apr 8, Turkish forces killed a Kurdish rebel outside Batman and arrested a Kurdish suspect in a deadly bombing at a seaside resort last year. 2 soldiers were killed by a land mine blast in Elazig.
    (AP, 4/8/06)

2007        Apr 8, Zach Johnson won the Masters with a two-shot victory over Tiger Woods.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2007        Apr 8, Bill Richardson, the New Mexico governor who has undertaken diplomatic missions to countries at odds with the United States, began a rare visit to isolated North Korea to recover remains of American servicemen killed in the Korean War.
    (AP, 4/9/07)
2007        May 8, A federal judge in El Paso, Texas, dismissed immigration fraud charges against Luis Posada Carriles (79), a former CIA operative accused of masterminding a 1976 bombing of a Cuban civilian airplane along with 1997 bombings in Havana.
    (SFC, 5/10/07, p.A6)
2007        Apr 8, Sol LeWitt (b.1928), Connecticut-based artist, photographer and sculptor, died in NY. He was known for his dynamic wall paintings and as a founder of minimal and conceptual art styles. “LeWitt brought about a fundamental shift in taste with sculptures and drawings that put thought rather than feeling, ideas rather than aesthetics at the forefront."
    (SFC, 4/10/07, p.D9)(WSJ, 4/21/07, p.P16)(SFC, 3/26/11, p.E1)
2007        Apr 8, A purported spokesman for the Taliban said the kidnapped translator for an Italian journalist was killed in southern Afghanistan. In the eastern Paktika province, two Afghan guards were killed and five wounded during a four-hour firefight with Taliban militants. In eastern Khost province, a gunman riding on the back of a motorcycle opened fire on Afghans working for NATO's International Security Assistance Force, killing two of the men and wounding another. In eastern Nangarhar province, a suicide car bomber blew himself up next to a US-led coalition convoy. 2 roadside bombs in southern Afghanistan left seven NATO soldiers dead. 6 Canadians died in one of the 2 blasts.
    (AP, 4/8/07)(AP, 4/9/07)
2007        May 8, In Argentina 7 managers of Skanska, a Swedish construction firm, were arrested for tax evasion. Skanska sacked the managers and paid the tax authority almost $5 million.
    (Econ, 5/12/07, p.42)
2007        Apr 8, Britain's Defense Ministry came under fire for allowing 15 British sailors and marines held by Iran for 13 days to sell their stories to the media.
    (Reuters, 4/8/07)
2007        Apr 8, A Chinese ship, Jinhaikun, and a foreign cargo vessel, Harvest, collided off the east China coast in Taizhou Bay. 19 Chinese and one Indonesian missing in the accident were all on the Harvest.
    (AP, 4/8/07)
2007        Apr 8, In western Iran at least 26 people were killed and 18 others injured after a truck smashed into a bus.
    (AP, 4/8/07)
2007        Apr 8, The renegade cleric Muqtada al-Sadr urged Iraqi forces to stop cooperating with the US and told his guerrilla fighters to concentrate their attacks on American troops rather than Iraqis. A pickup truck loaded with artillery shells exploded near a hospital in Mahmoudiyah, killing 17 Iraqis. US forces captured a senior al-Qaida leader and two others in a raid in Baghdad. 6 US soldiers were killed in a series of attack.
    (AP, 4/8/07)(AFP, 4/9/07)(SFC, 4/9/07, p.A5)
2007        Apr 8, In Japan Nationalist Shintaro Ishihara won a third term as governor of Tokyo.
    (Reuters, 4/8/07)
2007        Apr 8, The body of a murdered South African national, Kenneth Scott Andrew (26), was found in a plastic bag on the outskirts of the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar.
    (AFP, 4/9/07)
2007        Apr 8, A Palestinian attacker stabbed and wounded two Israeli police officers at a checkpoint outside a Hebron shrine that has been a flashpoint for violence in the past.
    (AP, 4/8/07)
2007        Apr 8, In the Philippines Julia Campbell (40), American Peace Corps volunteer from Fairfax, Va., was last seen in the town of Banaue in Ifugao province. Her body was found April 18 in a shallow grave near Batad village. In 2008 Juan Duntugan was convicted of the murder and sentenced to 40 years in prison without parole.
    (AP, 4/14/07)(AP, 4/18/07)(SFC, 4/19/07, p.A8)(AP, 6/30/08)

2008        Apr 8, Congressional auditors reported that federal employees charged millions of dollars for Internet dating, tailor-made suits, lingerie, lavish dinners and other questionable expenses to their government credit cards over a 15-month period.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, US Citizenship and Immigration Service closed the window for H1B visa applications one week after opening it, as the yearly cap of 65,000 for skilled workers and 20,000 for master’s and doctoral graduates was reached.
    (WSJ, 4/8/08, p.A12)
2008        Apr 8, Steven Karvellas (48), former board member of the New York Mercantile Exchange, pleaded guilty to 2 felony counts of illegal natural-gas trading.
    (WSJ, 4/9/08, p.C1)
2008        Apr 8, Washington Mutual Inc, the largest US savings and loan, said it obtained a $7 billion capital injection from private equity firm TPG Inc and other investors, but that mortgage problems will lead to a $1.1 billion quarterly loss and the elimination of 3,000 jobs.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, ConocoPhillips and BP said they will begin work immediately on a gas pipeline in Alaska, with completion in about 10 years and costs estimated at over $30 billion.
    (WSJ, 4/9/08, p.B1)
2008        Apr 8, IBM began shipping high-end computers built around the Power6 processor, the fastest chip to date.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.C1)
2008        Apr 8, Intel executives said their venture capital arm has completed its first round of investment in China and plans to invest an additional $500 million during the next several years.
    (WSJ, 4/9/08, p.B4)
2008        Apr 8, In southern Afghanistan militants killed 17 road workers, part of a spike in violence that has left 40 people dead in two days. 16 other construction workers were wounded in the attack in Zabul's Shinkay district. A Polish soldier died and one was wounded when a NATO patrol hit a roadside bomb in Ghazni province. Taliban militants ambushed a police patrol. An ensuing battle left four militants and a police officer dead in Zabul province.
    (AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, An Australian man was sentenced to nearly three years in jail for shining a laser pointer at a police helicopter and temporarily blinding the pilot.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, English Channel tunnel operator Groupe Eurotunnel SA reported profits of $1.57 million for 2007, its first annual net profit, less than a year after the company nearly drowned in debt.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, Chilean police said Marko Kulju (26), a Finnish tourist who chipped an earlobe off an ancient Moai on Easter Island, is being allowed to go home after paying a US$17,000 (euro10,830) fine and agreeing not to return for three years.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, China denounced protesters who upstaged Olympic Games torch relays in London and Paris and asked the United States to ensure the next leg in San Francisco avoids similar mayhem. Olympic chiefs raised the prospect for the first time of abandoning the international legs of the Beijing Games torch relay, amid a wave of protests targeting the flame overseas.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, A Colombian court sentenced nine rebel leaders to 40 years in prison for killing a state governor, a former defense minister and eight others during a botched hostage-rescue operation in 2003. Six Colombian soldiers were killed after they walked into a mine field while pursuing a column of leftist guerrillas.
    (AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, Dubai’s crown prince Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum bought 16 camels for $4.5 million, including one female camel for $2.7 million.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 8, Egypt rushed to grant bonuses to workers amid riots over food costs. Turnout for local elections was later reckoned at under 5% under a boycott by the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (WSJ, 4/9/08, p.A1)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.32)
2008        Apr 8, In Guatemala gunmen killed Victor Rivera, a former top government security adviser, a week after he was fired by President Alvaro Colom amid complaints he had become too powerful.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Haiti hungry protesters stormed the presidential palace throwing rocks and demanding the resignation of Pres. Rene Preval over soaring food prices.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 9, India ended its first-ever summit with African nations, aimed at deepening ties with the resource-rich continent and trying to ensure it is not eclipsed by Asian rival China.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, Indonesian Internet companies blocked access to YouTube and MySpace, heeding a government order aimed at stopping people from watching an anti-Islam film by a Dutch lawmaker.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, Iran's Foreign Ministry condemned for the first time rocket and mortar attacks against the US-controlled Green Zone in Baghdad by supporters of anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. A US soldier died from wounds sustained when his vehicle was destroyed in a roadside bombing the previous evening.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr threatened to lift a seven-month freeze on his Mahdi Army militia if the Iraqi government does not halt attacks on his followers or set a timetable for a US withdrawal. military spokesman Brig. Gen. Qassim al-Moussawi said a total of 82 militants, 36 civilians and 37 soldiers had been killed since March 16 in fighting in Baghdad, mostly in Sadr City.
    (AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, Kenya’s opposition party suspended talks with the government and hundreds of backers set fires to protest delays in reaching a power-sharing agreement.
    (SFC, 4/9/08, p.A7)
2008        Apr 8, Libyan authorities released 90 members of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, a group with suspected links to al-Qaida, after they renounced violence.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Mexico Pres. Calderon said he would ease some bureaucratic barriers, and allow Pemex to pay outside contractors a "bonus," not a percentage cut, for oil found in deep-water reserves.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Nepal police shot dead seven Maoists, and a man protesting the killing of an election candidate was also shot dead by police. An election candidate was assassinated in the west of the country.
    (AFP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, Nigeria's government filed graft charges against the daughter of ex-president Olusegun Obasanjo and two ministers sacked last month.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Pakistan a gas leak sparked an explosion and fire at a nuclear plant that is believed to produce enriched plutonium for the country’s atomic weapons program. Two workers were killed.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Palestine’s Hamas threatened to burst across the Israeli border to end Israel's blockade of Gaza if Egypt and Israel do not lift their blockade.
    (AP, 4/9/08)(WSJ, 4/9/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 8, A Peruvian court convicted a former general and three members of a military death squad of kidnapping and murder in a ruling that prosecutors say could set a precedent in the trial of former President Alberto Fujimori. Judges found them guilty of participating in the 1992 kidnapping and murder of nine students and a professor from La Cantuta University who were suspected of being rebel collaborators.
    (AP, 4/9/08)
2008        Apr 8, A Philippine court sentenced 9 military officers to jail terms ranging from 12 to 40 years for taking part in a foiled coup plot against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in 2003.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, A Russian capsule carrying South Korea's first astronaut and two cosmonauts blasted off from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, en route to the international space station.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, The riot-damaged market in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa opened its doors amid plans to allow foreign tourists to enter the restive region by the end of the month.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, The UN refugee agency unveiled a new partnership with Internet giant Google to help track refugees from Iraq to Darfur and raise public awareness of its work.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, In Vietnam a small military plane crashed near Hanoi, killing all five aboard.
    (AP, 4/8/08)
2008        Apr 8, Opposition officials accused Zimbabwe's ruling party of orchestrating a campaign of violence in remote rural areas in an effort to intimidate opponents of President Robert Mugabe ahead of a likely runoff election. A farmers' union said more than 60 mostly white Zimbabwean farmers have been evicted from their land by war veterans loyal to President Robert Mugabe since the weekend.
    (AP, 4/8/08)(Reuters, 4/8/08)

2009        Apr 8, The Passover holiday, which marks the Hebrews' exodus from slavery in Egypt as recounted in the Bible, began this evening with a special meal known as the seder.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, The US Justice Dept. filed terrorism-related charges against Luis Posada Carriles (81), a prominent Cuban exile wanted by the Castro government for involvement in several 1997 hotel bombings in Cuba.
    (WSJ, 4/10/09, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/c5j5b5)
2009        Apr 8, The US Coast Guard located a Venezuela-flagged fishing boat 500 miles east of Brazil, boarded the vessel and found about 2,500 pounds (1,135 kilograms) of cocaine. They planned to turn over the boat, the drugs, and the prisoners to Venezuelan authorities.
    (AP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 8, The Wall Street Journal reported that cyberspies have penetrated the US electrical grid and left behind software programs that could be used to disrupt the system.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, US federal agents searched three money-transfer businesses in Minneapolis, carrying away boxes of documents and copying computer hard drives for details of transactions between the US and several African nations, including Somalia, Eritrea, Kenya, Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti and the United Arab Emirates.
    (AP, 4/9/09)
2009        Apr 8, Genentech, a unit of Roche, said it is voluntarily withdrawing its psoriasis drug Raptiva due to a link with a rare but often fatal brain disorder.
    (WSJ, 4/9/09, p.B3)
2009        Apr 8, The international Red Cross said a polio outbreak, that now affects 15 African countries, threatens efforts to eradicate the disease.
    (AFP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, Over 100 Afghan ministers, lawmakers and officials signed a petition opposing a controversial law that critics say legalizes marital rape. The petition said the law is unconstitutional and leads toward the "Talibanization" of Afghanistan's legal system. The petition came as Poland's President Lech Kaczynski held talks in Kabul with Karzai and reiterated his country's plans to increase its troop contribution in the country by 400 over the current 1,600 in Ghazni province. A roadside blast hit a civilian vehicle south of Kandahar city, wounding six civilians. Gen. David McKiernan, top US general in Afghanistan, met with villagers in Helmand and Kandahar. He apologized for past mistakes and said he is now studying the Quran, the Muslim holy book.
    (AP, 4/8/09)(AP, 4/10/09)(SFC, 4/10/09, p.A2)
2009        Apr 8, British police arrested 12 suspects in a major anti-terror operation. 11 of the 12 were Pakistani nationals. One 18-year-old was soon handed over to the UK border agency for questioning about his immigration status. All the suspects were released after 2 weeks.
    (AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 4/11/09)(AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 8, A fishing vessel carrying 45 boatpeople, believed to be from Iraq, landed on Australia’s remote Christmas Island, island, a day after the opposition party said a softer stance on refugees had prompted a "surge" in illegal immigrants.
    (AFP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, In Canada Tori Stafford (8) was kidnapped outside her school in Woodstock, Ontario. In 2012 Terri-Lynne McClintic admitted she had kidnapped Tori and delivered her to her boyfriend Michael Rafferty, who raped the child. McClintic said she then battered the girl to death with a claw hammer. On May 11, 2012, a jury in London, Ontario, found Rafferty (31) guilty of first degree murder, kidnapping and sexual assault, dismissing his girlfriend's testimony that she alone was responsible for killing Tori Stafford.
    (Reuters, 5/11/12)
2009        Apr 8, In China visiting Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said the world's center of gravity has moved to Beijing, as he focused on boosting Chinese oil purchases.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, China said that it would build a clinic in each of its nearly 700,000 villages within three years, part of a sweeping 850 billion yuan ($124 billion) investment in health care reform.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, China's state media said a court in Tibet has sentenced two people to death over riots in Lhasa last year, in what was the harshest sentence yet reported over the deadly unrest. Xinhua said the crimes committed by the five defendants resulted in seven deaths and the destruction of five shops in Lhasa.
    (AFP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, Dubai’s public prosecution indicted Mohammed Khalfan Bin Kharbash, a former minister of state, along with several former company executives for corruption.
    (WSJ, 4/9/09, p.C2)
2009        Apr 8, In France workers at a British-owned adhesives factory held three British executives and a local manager captive over plans to close the site down. Scapa, which announced in February it would close its plant in Bellegarde, said it was forced to cut back after the market for car industry adhesives collapsed by 50 percent in 2008. The managers were released after being held overnight.
    (AP, 4/8/09)(SFC, 4/9/09, p.A2)
2009        Apr 8, In Iraq a bomb left in a plastic bag exploded near the most important Shiite shrine in Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding 23.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, Stone-throwing Israeli settlers and Palestinian villagers clashed near the site of an ax attack last week that killed a Jewish teenager, leaving at least 8 Palestinians wounded.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, Nigeria President Umaru Yar'Adua dismissed top managers across the board of the state Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC).
    (AFP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, In northwestern Pakistan a suspected US missile strike on a car near Wana, South Waziristan, killed two alleged militants and a civilian, a day after the US-allied country reiterated its opposition to such attacks to visiting American officials. Residents in Buner tried to push out a group of Taliban militants who had ventured into their territory from their stronghold in the Swat Valley and killed five people.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, In Paraguay lawyers filed a paternity suit against President Fernando Lugo, alleging that a son was born to the former Roman Catholic bishop five months after he abandoned the church for politics.
    (AP, 4/9/09)
2009        Apr 8, A Russian spacecraft carrying a crew of three including US billionaire space tourist Charles Simonyi landed safely in Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, Somali pirates hijacked a US-flagged cargo ship with 20 American crew members onboard. The 17,000-ton Maersk Alabama was carrying emergency relief to Mombasa, Kenya. The pirates took Capt. Richard Phillips hostage after they hijacked the Maersk Alabama, then fled the cargo ship as the vessel's crew overpowered them.
    (AP, 4/8/09)(AP, 4/9/09)
2009        Apr 8, Thailand’s central bank cut its benchmark interest rate by .25% to 1.25% to help prop up the worsening economy. more than 100,000 anti-government protesters rallied in Bangkok in their biggest bid yet to topple premier Abhisit Vejjajiva, deepening the political crisis ahead of a key Asian summit.
    (WSJ, 4/9/09, p.C2)(AFP, 4/8/09)
2009        Apr 8, In Turkmenistan a blast on a Central Asian pipeline halted the supply of Turkmen gas to Russia. The explosion was later said to have resulted from Gazprom’s decision to stop importing gas due to high prices and falling demand. Gazprom blamed the explosion on poor maintenance.
    (AP, 4/9/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.46)

2010        Apr 8, The US EPA sent a notice of violation to the Chemical Waste Management, the largest hazardous waste facility in the West, involving federal laws on the disposal of PCBs. Neighbors blamed the landfill near Kettleman City, Ca., for at least 11 birth defects since 2007.
    (SFC, 4/9/10, p.C10)
2010        Apr 8, A federal judge in New Orleans awarded seven Virginia families $2.6 million in damages to pay for the removal of sulfur-emitting drywall made in China that has been linked to corrosion and possible health effects. The decision could affect thousands of other US homeowners whose homes were made with the defective wallboard.
    (AP, 4/8/10)
2010        Apr 8, The North Dakota Supreme Court ruled that the Board of Higher Education had the authority to dump the Univ. of North Dakota “Fighting Sioux" nickname.
    (SFC, 4/9/10, p.A8)
2010        Apr 8, An asteroid, called 2010 GA6, flew within the orbit of the moon as it passed Earth at 7:06 p.m. EDT (2306 GMT). The relatively small space rock, about 71 feet (22m) wide was discovered by astronomers with the Catalina Sky Survey in Tucson, Az.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yd4dy5z)
2010        Apr 8, Afghan police thwarted a major attack in Kabul, arresting five would-be suicide bombers, the largest such group apprehended in the capital. In Helmand province a local Taliban commander killed a Marjah tribal leader, his nephew and three others. In eastern Afghanistan one international service member died in combat with insurgents. A US Air Force Osprey aircraft crashed in southeastern Zabul province, killing 3 service members and one government contractor. It was the first combat crash of the tilt-rotor aircraft, each valued at nearly $70 million.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)(SFC, 4/10/10, p.A3)
2010        Apr 8, The inaugural 3-day conference of the Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET) opened at King’s College, Cambridge, England. The institute was sponsored by renowned investor George Soros.
    (Econ, 4/17/10, p.86)
2010        Apr 8, In Brazil authorities said at least 200 people were buried and feared dead under the latest landslide in the Morro Bumba slum in Niteroi, neighboring Rio de Janeiro. 205 people were already known to have died this week in slides triggered by the record rains.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)
2010        Apr 8, Canada’s annual seal hunt began with this year’s quota raised by 50,000 to 330,000 due to a rising seal herd population estimated at 6.9 million.
    (SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)
2010        Apr 8, In Prague President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed the biggest nuclear arms pact in a generation and envisioned a day when they can compromise on the divisive issue of missile defense. Obama and Medvedev warned Iran of possible sanctions over its nuclear program shortly after signing the disarmament deal.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(AFP, 4/8/10)
2010        Apr 8, In Denmark scores of Carlsberg brewery workers walked off the job after the company tightened rules on workplace drinking. A new policy only allowed them to drink beer during lunch in the canteen.
    (SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)
2010        Apr 8, The European Space Agency launched CryoSat 2 on a Russian rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The satellite was designed to measure the effects of climate change on the Earth’s polar ice caps.
    (SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)
2010        Apr 8, Greece's borrowing costs spiked higher for a third day, intensifying the country's debt crisis and suggesting a eurozone rescue plan is providing little support for Athens' struggle to avoid default.
    (AP, 4/8/10)
2010        Apr 8, Greece and Turkey agreed to strengthen contacts between their militaries to reduce the chance of conflict between two countries that almost went to war in the mid-1990s.
    (Reuters, 4/8/10)
2010        Apr 8, Israel lifted months of censorship on a military espionage case, confirming the house arrest of Anat Kamm (23), a former female soldier, charged with leaking more than 2,000 military documents to a newspaper. She had been arrested in Dec 2009. PM Netanyahu abruptly called off a trip to Washington just days before he was slated to attend a conference there on the spread of nuclear weapons, fearing Israel would be singled out over its own nuclear program. On Oct 31, 2011, Kamm was sentenced to 4 ˝ years in prison. In Dec 2012, her sentence was cut by a year, to 3 ˝ years. Anat Kam was freed on Jan 26, 2014.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)(AP, 10/31/11)(AP, 12/31/12)(AFP, 1/26/14)
2010        Apr 8, Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev told a Russian radio station he is not admitting defeat despite a bloody uprising and the formation of an interim government. Opposition leader Roza Otunbayeva, a former foreign minister, said earlier parliament was dissolved and she would head an interim government that would rule for six months until elections were held. Otunbayeva replaced PM Daniyar Usenov following his resignation. The country's new defense chief said that the nation's 5 million people now have nothing to fear from the security forces.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)(Econ, 4/10/10, p.43)
2010        Apr 8, In Lebanon heavy clashes erupted in a Palestinian military camp in a remote eastern part of the country as a result of infighting among Palestinian factions. The camp is run by the Syrian-backed Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command.
    (AP, 4/8/10)
2010        Apr 8, In Mexico police detained Bruce Beresford-Redman (38), the producer of "Pimp My Ride" and formerly of "Survivor," as a suspect after finding the body of Monica Beresford-Redman in a sewer at Cancun's Moon Palace resort, where the family was on vacation. Authorities determined she died the night of April 5. At least 80 gunmen terrorized the town of Maycoba in Sonora state for several hours and killed four people.
    (AP, 4/9/10)
2010        Apr 8, North Korea said it had scrapped a tourism deal with South Korea and would "freeze" some assets owned by Seoul at a mountain resort in the communist state.
    (AFP, 4/8/10)
2010        Apr 8, Pakistan's National Assembly unanimously passed a set of constitutional reforms, curbing the powers of President Asif Ali Zardari and transferring them to the prime minister and parliament.
    (Reuters, 4/8/10)
2010        Apr 8, The Philippine Supreme Court overturned a decision barring a gay rights group from contesting national elections in May and recognized it as a legitimate political party for the first time.
    (AP, 4/8/10)
2010        Apr 8, The World Bank approved a $3.75 billion loan to help South Africa build a coal-fired power plant over opposition from the United States and environmental groups. The USD 3.75 billion loan to Eskom Holdings Limited, which has proved highly controversial, will help Eskom bring online new power generation capabilities designed to help South Africa meet growing power demand and avoid power blackouts similar to those that occurred in 2008.
    (AP, 4/9/10)(http://tinyurl.com/2ceah45)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.53)
2010        Apr 8, Sri Lankans voted in parliamentary elections. President Mahinda Rajapaksa's ruling coalition won the first postwar parliamentary elections further consolidating his political dominance after the battlefield defeat of the Tamil Tigers last year.
    (AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)
2010        Apr 8, Thailand's beleaguered government shut down a satellite television station and Web sites of anti-government demonstrators after declaring a state of emergency, while the activists vowed to retaliate by escalating their nearly monthlong protests.
    (AP, 4/8/10)
2010        Apr 8, Uruguay's La Republica newspaper reported that a Catholic priest who fled home to Uruguay and was defrocked after a nun accused him of raping three children in Bolivia has been living with his family for more than a year, with the full knowledge of Uruguayan church officials, despite an Interpol warrant for his arrest. Juan Jose Santana has been a fugitive from justice since being charged in May 2008 with raping three children ages 12 to 17.
    (AP, 4/10/10)
2010        Apr 8, In Zimbabwe retired bishop Abel Muzorewa (85) died. He was the first black leader of the former Rhodesia and later became an opponent of Zimbabwe's Pres. Mugabe.
    (AP, 4/10/10)

2011        Apr 8, US Republicans and Democrats agreed in late night talks to cut over $37 billion in federal spending narrowly avoiding a midnight shutdown that all sides say would inconvenience millions of people and damage a fragile economy. A final agreement was expected next week.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 8, In Hawaii a storage bunker exploded killing 5 workers as they dismantled pyrotechnics at Donaldson Enterprises in Honolulu.
    (SFC, 4/11/11, p.A4)(SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 8, In Texas Luis Posada Carriles (83), a Cuban native and former CIA agent, was acquitted of allegations that he lied during US immigration hearings. He had worked for decades to destabilize communist governments throughout Latin America and was often supported by Washington.
    (AP, 4/9/11)
2011        Apr 8, The Oakland, Ca., Naval Hospital, formerly called Oak Knoll Naval Hospital, imploded as some 800 pounds of dynamite blasted the 11-story building into a pile of rubble.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.C2)
2011        Apr 8, In Oakland, Ca., Jesus Campos, owner of the popular Otaez Mexicatessen restaurant at 3872 Int’l. Blvd., was shot and killed as he arrived to work.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 8, According to a study about one in 10 cancers in men and one in 33 in women in western European countries are caused by current and past alcohol consumption.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, In northern Afghanistan insurgents gunned down Daud Esiq Zai, police chief of the Ghosfandi district in Sari Pul province, where the Taliban has intensified attacks, especially against those aligned with the government.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Australian Treasurer Wayne Swan officially rejected a proposed merger of the Australian and Singapore stock exchanges, branding it a takeover by the city-state that offered no benefits.
    (AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, British Lt. Cmdr. Ian Molyneux, a submarine weapons engineer, was shot dead while the submarine was docked in the southern English port of Southampton. Able Seaman Ryan Donovan (22) was later charged with murder and the attempted murder of 3 other crew on HMS Astute, one of Britain's fleet of 11 nuclear-powered submarines.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 8, Cambodia’s government said PM Hun Sen has cancelled a controversial titanium mine project in the country's southwest because of environmental concerns.
    (AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, China’s government and state media said 3 babies have died and 36 people, mostly children, fallen ill after drinking possibly tainted milk in the country's latest food scare.
    (AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, A total of 37 Cuban ex-political prisoners and more than 200 relatives arrived in Madrid in the largest and last such exodus since Spain started accepting dissidents last summer.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Voters in Djibouti, which hosts the only US military base in Africa, cast ballots for president in an election boycotted by most opposition parties.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, In Egypt tens of thousands waved flags and shouted slogans in Cairo's central Tahrir Square, demanding that Hosni Mubarak and his family be put on trial over allegations of corruption in one of the biggest protests since Mubarak was ousted two months ago.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Europe's top financial officials said that debt-ridden Portugal will need around euro80 billion ($114 billion) in rescue loans and that negotiations over a full, multiyear bailout program will begin immediately.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, France and Italy announced an agreement to joint sea-and-air patrols to try to block new Tunisian migrants from sailing to European shores.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, German federal prosecutors announced the espionage charges against the 64-year-old, identified only as L. in line with German privacy laws. Prosecutors allege that L. passed information on Munich's Uighur community to Chinese intelligence between April 2008 and October 2009. They said a week ago that they were pressing similar charges against a Chinese national of Uighur origin.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, In northern Germany a sandstorm caused a highway pileup that left at least 8 people dead and 41 others injured.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 8, In the Indian portion of Kashmir a blast outside a mosque killed Moulvi Showkat Ahmed Shah, the president of the religious group Jamiat-e-ahle Hadith. Police within weeks blamed the murder on factional rivalry, arrested three people and accused a top Lashkar-e-Taiba commander of helping the killers with explosives. In August Lashkar-e-Taiba released a report saying the group initially thought Indian forces and institutions had killed Moulvi Showkat Ahmed Shah to weaken rebel groups in Kashmir. It said members of an almost-defunct militant group, Tehreek-ul-Mujahideen, were involved in the killing.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 8/26/11)
2011        Apr 8, Iran's semiofficial Mehr News Agency said three explosions have hit gas pipelines near the Qom, in the same area where simultaneous blasts took place two months ago.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Iraqi forces stormed an Iranian exile camp that Iraq's Shiite-dominated government has tried to close for years. Both sides reported casualties in the raid. A hospital official in Baqouba said 10 people were killed and 16 wounded in the clashes. A UN spokesman later said the Iraqi army raid on Camp Ashraf left 34 Iranian exiles dead.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 8, Israeli aircraft and ground forces struck Gaza, killing 9 Palestinians including 5 militia fighters, in a surge of fighting sparked by a Palestinian rocket attack on an Israeli school bus the day before.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 8, Ivory Coast's democratically elected leader imposed a blockade around the presidential residence where the country's entrenched strongman remains holed up underground and said he'll focus on normalizing life in the corpse-strewn city of Abidjan.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Libyan government forces tried to storm into the besieged city of Misrata as NATO generals acknowledged their air power was not enough to help insurgents remove Muammar Gaddafi by force alone. UNICEF said snipers are targeting children in Misrata. Loyalist forces shelled the edge of Ajdabiya forcing insurgents there to retreat. NATO expressed regret at the deaths caused by an alliance air strike on rebel tanks.
    (Reuters, 4/8/11)(AP, 4/8/11)(AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Netherlands’ officials said the government will cut 12,000 military jobs as part of spending cuts to balance the budget by 2015.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 8, In Nigeria a bomb targeting election officials exploded in Suleja killing at least 8 people. Thugs attacked a police post storing voting materials killing at least 12 people.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.52)
2011        Apr 8, In Pakistan security forces killed 30 alleged Islamist militants in the Pazai area of Mohmand.
    (SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2) 
2011        Apr 8, A Philippine court ordered the widow of dictator Ferdinand Marcos to return 12 million pesos ($280,000) her husband pocketed from the government's food agency in 1983.
    (AP, 4/11/11)
2011        Apr 8, In Russia a cyber attack paralyzed the website of a popular independent newspaper, days after similar attacks knocked off Russia's most popular blogging site.
    (AP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, Syrian security forces fired tear gas and live ammunition as thousands of protesters gathered in Daraa. 25 people were killed in Daraa. State-run TV said 19 policemen and security forces were killed. 37 protesters were killed nationwide.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A3)(AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 8, In Thailand rich and poor nations agreed on a roadmap for UN climate talks this year, but only after long-running feuds flared over a wide range of actions they must take to combat global warming. The talks in Bangkok will be followed by other rounds in Germany, before the annual summit in Durban, South Africa.
    (AFP, 4/8/11)
2011        Apr 8, In Yemen hundreds of thousands converged in the capital for rival demonstrations, with some demanding the president's ouster and others showing their support. Four demonstrators were shot dead in Taez.
    (AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 4/10/11)

2012        Apr 8, The Afghan government and the US signed a deal governing special operations and night raids by American troops. The document gave the Afghans authority over the raids and gave the Americans an Afghan partner that will now be held equally to account if there are civilian casualties or allegations of mistreatment.
    (AP, 4/8/12)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.52)
2012        Apr 8, A tanker traveling from Australia to Singapore found some 120 asylum seekers, all believed to be men from Afghanistan and Iran, on a sinking boat in Indonesian waters and rescued them.
    (AFP, 4/8/12)
2012        Apr 8, In England the body of Jamie Dack (22) was found by Southampton firefighters called to tackle a blaze at the Empress Road industrial estate. Four men were soon charged with murder, false imprisonment and conspiracy to rob.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)
2012        Apr 8, Envisat, Europe’s largest Earth-observing satellite, stopped talking to its users after 10 years of operation.
    (Econ, 5/12/12, p.14)
2012        Apr 8, Iraqi security forces said they have dismantled a 25-person cell belonging to Ansar al-Islam, a radical Sunni Arab group.
    (SFC, 4/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 8, In Macedonia 5 Christian fishermen were killed in a lake near Skopje. In 2014 a court convicted six Muslim men of the murders in an alleged plot to destabilize the country, and sentenced them to life imprisonment.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2012        Apr 8, Mali’s Pres. Amadou Toumani Toure resigned. Under a deal mediated by ECOWAS the junta is now supposed to hand power to a civilian government led by speaker of parliament Dioncounda Traore.
    (AFP, 4/9/12)
2012        Apr 8, Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi met with Karen ethnic minority rebels in her first significant foray into politics since her election to public office a week earlier.
    (AFP, 4/8/12)
2012        Apr 8, In central Nigeria a car bomb blast outside a church in Kaduna on Easter Sunday killed at least 39 people and put the country on alert over fears of further attacks. Islamists shot dead a seven-year-old girl during a failed attempt to kill her policeman father hours after group members killed three in a separate raid.
    (AFP, 4/8/12)(AP, 4/9/12)(AFP, 4/9/12)
2012        Apr 8, Pakistan’s President Asif Ali Zardari became the country’s first head of state since 2005 to visit India. Zardari and India’s PM Singh agreed to adopt a gradual approach to resolve their differences.
    (AFP, 4/8/12)(SFC, 4/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 8, Militants in Gaza fired two rockets into Israel a day after Israeli airstrikes injured two Palestinians in the coastal territory. The rockets did not cause injuries.
    (AFP, 4/8/12)
2012        Apr 8, In South Africa Andreas Derleth, a towering German who lives in New Zealand, took the title of Mr Gay World. He beat out 21 other men, including the first black African contestants. Most of the contestants came from Europe and the Americas, with none from the Muslim world and few from Africa and Asia.
    (AFP, 4/9/12)
2012        Apr 8, South Ossetia held a runoff presidential vote. Leonid Tibilov (60), who led the region's KGB before falling out with the former local president, won over 40% of the vote in the first round last month. Tibilov won with 54.1% of the vote. Rival David Sanakoyev trailed with 42.6% and conceded the race.
    (AP, 4/8/12)(AP, 4/9/12)
2012        Apr 8, Syria's main opposition group urged UN intervention after one of the deadliest days in a year saw nearly 130 people killed, mostly civilians. 11 more people were killed today. A UN-brokered peace deal appeared to collapse as the government made a new demand that its opponents provide "written guarantees" to lay down their weapons before regime forces withdraw from cities.
    (AFP, 4/8/12)(AP, 4/8/12)
2012        Apr 8, Taiwan's President Ma Ying-jeou made a surprise stopover in Mumbai on his way to Africa in what officials said was a sign of improving ties with India despite a lack of diplomatic recognition. His three-leg trip will take Ma to Burkina Faso, Gambia and Swaziland.
    (AFP, 4/8/12)

2013        Apr 8, In Washington state Walli Mujahidh (34), arrested on June 22, 2011, was sentenced to 17 years in prison after pleading guilty to chrages including conspiracy to use weapons of mass deastruction. A 2nd man, Abu Khalid Abdul-Latif, was sentenced last month to 18 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/9/13, p.A5)
2013        Apr 8, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a public bus in Wardak province killed at least nine passengers.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, Australia and China agreed to make their currencies directly exchangeable in a deal that advances internationalization of the yuan and reduces costs for companies. PM Julia Gilliard said the Australian dollar will become only the third major currency to have direct convertibility with the yuan, after the US dollar and Japanese yen.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, Margaret Thatcher (b.1925), the "Iron Lady" who transformed Britain and inspired conservatives around the world, died following a stroke. The former prime minister (1979-1990) had radically rolled back the state during her 11 years in power.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, Chilean forensic experts exhumed the body of Nobel laureate Pablo Neruda, trying to solve a four-decade mystery about the 1973 death of one the greatest poets of the 20th century.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, In Egypt Dutch journalist Rena Netjes was arrested by Egyptian citizens while reporting in Cairo, accused of being a spy and handed to authorities who detained her overnight.
    (AP, 4/9/13)
2013        Apr 8, India’s wildlife authorities began using aerial drones to oversee a sprawling natural game park in the northeast to protect the one-horned rhinoceros from armed poachers.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting an army vehicle in the Baghdad neighborhood of Abu Ghraib killed two soldiers and wounded another eight. Another roadside bomb exploded near a police car in Mosul, killing a policeman. A car bomb in Kirkuk killed a fighter with the pro-government group known as the Sahwa.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the Islamic State of Iraq, Al-Qaida's branch in Iraq, announced a merger with Syria's extremist Jabhat al-Nusra, a move that shows the rising confidence of radicals within the Syrian rebel movement.
    (AP, 4/9/13)
2013        Apr 8, Israel shut a crossing with Gaza after rockets were fired from the Hamas-ruled territory at the Jewish state on the day it commemorated the Holocaust.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, An Israeli court delivered two consecutive life sentences to  Jack Teitel, a US-born Jewish extremist, for the 1997 murder of two Palestinians and the attempted murder of others.
    (AP, 4/9/13)
2013        Apr 8, Libya's PM Ali Zidan said his country is "weak" as militias continue to run prisons and abduct people, including his chief of staff, Mohamed Ali Ghatous, now missing for eight days.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, Montenegro’s election commission said incumbent Filip Vujanovic has won a 3rd term as president with 51.2% of the vote over challenger Miodrag Lekic, who received 48.8%.
    (SFC, 4/9/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 8, In Amsterdam President Vladimir Putin defended Russia's treatment of homosexuals, as 1,000 gay rights activists waved pink and orange balloons and blasted out dance music to press home their protest.
    (Reuters, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, North Korea said it will suspend operations at a factory complex it has jointly run with South Korea, pulling out more than 53,000 North Korean workers and moving closer to severing its last economic link with its rival as tensions escalate.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, Pakistan's top court ordered former military ruler Gen. Pervez Musharraf to respond to allegations that he committed treason while in power and barred him from leaving the country.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, Pakistani military officials said four days of fierce fighting in the northwest has left 30 soldiers and nearly 100 militants dead.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, A Chinese steel-hulled vessel hit an atoll at the Tubbataha National Marine Park, a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site on Palawan island. On April 13 Philippine authorities found inside the ship more than 10,000 kg (22,000 pounds) of meat from a protected species, the pangolin or scaly anteater. On April 19 the ship was extricated and towed to Puerto Princesa.
    (AP, 4/15/13)(SSFC, 4/21/13, p.A4)
2013        Apr 8, Qatar pledged $500 million to help rebuild Sudan's war-battered region of Darfur as part of an international conference seeking ways to boost stability after a decade of violence.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, Serbia rejected a European Union-brokered deal for reconciliation with its former province of Kosovo.
    (SFC, 4/9/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 8, Somalia's government, after months of denial, acknowledged for the first time that its security forces were involved in rape cases that drew an international outcry by human rights groups.
    (AP, 4/9/13)
2013        Apr 8, In Syria a suicide bomber detonated his explosives-packed vehicle in a busy residential and commercial district in central Damascus, killing at least 15 people. At least 53 people were wounded.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, Turkish police used water cannons, tear gas and pepper spray to disperse thousands of people protesting outside a court house in support of 275 people who are on trial for allegedly plotting to overthrow Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's government.
    (AP, 4/8/13)
2013        Apr 8, In Yemen 4 people, two soldiers and two tribesmen, were killed in Marib when a group of tribesmen attacked a military checkpoint in the area of Sarwah. Armed tribesmen were suspected of being behind an attack on oil pipelines and electricity pylons that led to a power outage in Sanaa. Troops loyal to the former president killed three protesters in Radda. Two soldiers from the Republican Guard, still led by Saleh's son Ahmed, were also killed in clashes with protesters and police.
    (AP, 4/9/13)

2014        Apr 8, A US jury ordered Japanese drugmaker Takeda Pharmaceutical Co. and its US counterpart, Eli Lilly and Co., to pay $9 billion in punitive damages over Actos, a diabetes medicine linked to cancer. The drug companies said they will "vigorously challenge" the decision.
    (AP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, In Central African Republic at least 30 people were killed in fighting between mainly Christian militia and predominantly Muslim rebels in the central town of Dekoa. Most of the dead were civilians, killed by Muslims who fired into a crowd of people they mistook for Christian militants.
    (AFP, 4/9/14)(AP, 4/10/14)
2014        Apr 8, The defense chiefs of China and the US faced off over Beijing's escalating territorial disputes in the region, with US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel telling his Chinese counterparts they do not have the right to unilaterally establish an air defense zone over disputed islands with no consultation.
    (AP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, A Shanghai collector paid a record $36 million for a rare Ming Dynasty cup that's touted as the "holy grail" of China's art world.
    (AP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, China and Brazil signed a corn-import deal.
    (Econ, 4/12/14, p.27)
2014        Apr 8, Intel announced plans to close its operations in Costa Rica. Hours later Bank of America said it would lay off 1,400 workers in Costa Rica part of a global restructuring program.
    (Econ, 4/19/14, p.33)
2014        Apr 8, In Cuba Alan Gross (64), arrested in 2009, said he had begun a fast the previous week to protest his incarceration. The former contractor for the US Agency for Int’l. Development, was serving a 15-year sentence for crimes against the state after he was caught setting up illegal Internet access for the country's small Jewish community.
    (AP, 4/9/14)(SFC, 4/9/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 8, The European Union's highest court overthrew a rule that required telecoms companies to store the communications data of EU citizens for up to two years, on the grounds that it infringed on basic rights.
    (Reuters, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, In France Manuel Valls used his first speech to parliament as prime minister to announce corporation tax cuts and outline public spending savings.
    (Reuters, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, The German government signed off on a draft law that will allow young Germans of foreign origin to have dual citizenship, a move that relaxes some of Europe's strictest nationality laws and will benefit the large Turkish community.
    (Reuters, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, Chancellor Angela Merkel's cabinet approved a reform of Germany's renewable energy law designed to curb a rise in the cost of electricity.
    (Reuters, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, WHO officials said more than 100 people have died in an outbreak of Ebola in West Africa, with as many as 175 people infected. This included 151 suspected and confirmed cases of the disease in guinea, where 98 people have died, and 10 deaths in Liberia.
    (AP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, Indian government forces engaged suspected rebels in a fierce gunbattle overnight that left two rebels dead along with an Indian soldier and two police officers in Kashmir.
    (AP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, Iraq's electoral commission said that there will be no balloting on April 30 in parts of the Sunni-dominated Anbar province engulfed in clashes between security forces and al-Qaida-inspired militants. Attacks left 15 people dead. Security forces said they killed 25 militants near Baghdad amid worries insurgents are encroaching on the capital weeks ahead of elections.
    (AP, 4/8/14)(AFP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, President Michael Higgins became the first Irish head of state to make a state visit to Britain, crowning a big improvement in historically fraught relations between Dublin and its former colonial master.
    (Reuters, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, A Kenyan official said at least 3,000 people have been arrested during four days of security operations following a wave of terror attacks. Most of those arrested were scrutinized by security agencies and released, but 447 were being held in custody under anti-terrorism laws.
    (AP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, Libya's parliament charged interim PM Abdullah al-Than with forming a new cabinet after the weak central government had earlier requested wider powers.
    (AP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, A Norwegian court authorized the extradition of Eugene Nkuranyabahizi (41), a man suspected of being involved in the Rwandan genocide two decades ago.
    (AFP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, In southwestern Pakistan bomb ripped through a railway car parked at a station in Sibi, Baluchistan province, killing at least 16 people and sending flames and smoke billowing into the air. The separatist United Baluch Liberation Army said the attack was in retaliation for a military operation a day earlier against the group's activists in the province.
    (AP, 4/8/14)(SFC, 4/9/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 8, Saudi Arabia’s Shura Council recommended that a longstanding ban on sports in girls' state schools, relaxed in private schools last year, be ended altogether.
    (AFP, 4/12/14)
2014        Apr 8, The Organization of Islamic Cooperation said that 14 non-governmental organizations have pledged $300,000 dollars to establish a new office at its headquarters in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, that seeks to improve international coordination to assist Muslims affected by natural disasters and wars around the world.
    (AP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, Spanish lawmakers overwhelmingly shot down Catalonia's bid for an independence referendum.
    (AFP, 4/9/14)
2014        Apr 8, Sudan expelled the country chief of a UN agency and accused her of interfering in domestic affairs. Pamela DeLargy, an American, had headed the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) office in Sudan.
    (AFP, 4/9/14)
2014        Apr 8, Syrian state media said Iran has sent 30,000 tons of food supplies to help President Bashar Assad's government deal with shortages amid civil war.
    (AP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, Ukrainian authorities reasserted control over an administration building in Kharkiv, the country's second-largest city, evicting pro-Russian protesters and detaining dozens. In Donetsk the makings of an improvised self-appointed government began taking shape as demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-story regional administration headquarters. In Luhansk pro-Russia groups remained in control of the local branch of the security services, which they seized over the weekend.
    (AP, 4/8/14)
2014        Apr 8, In southeastern Yemen suspected militants killed 5 soldiers guarding a checkpoint. A leader of a Shi'ite Muslim party was wounded in a drive-by shooting in the capital Sanaa in which two guards died.
    (Reuters, 4/8/14)

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