Return to home217 Apr 8,
Caracalla (b.188), [Marcus Antonius], Roman emperor (198-217), was
murdered in his baths.
451 Apr 8, Attila's Huns
plundered Metz and continued moving south along the Moselle River.
(ON, 4/12, p.2)
1341 Apr 8, Francesco Petrarch
was crowned poet laureate on the Capitol in Rome. He had arranged
two invitations to be crowned, one in Paris and the other in Rome
(1340-1341). He chose Rome.
1455 Apr 8, Alfonso de Borgia
was elected as Pope Callistus III.
1460 Apr 8, Ponce de Leon was
born in Spain. He searched for fountain of youth and found Florida.
1492 Apr 8, Lorenzo I de'
Medici ("il Magnifico"), ruler of Florence (1469-92), died.
1498 Apr 8, Charles VIII (27),
King of France (1483-98), died while preparing a new expedition to
invade Italy. He was succeeded by his Valois cousin the Duc
d’Orleans (36), who reigned until 1515 as Louis XII.
(PC, 1992 ed, p.161)
1500 Apr 8, Battle at Novara:
King Louis XII beat duke Ludovico Sforza (Il Sforza del Destino).
1513 Apr 8,
Explorer Juan Ponce de Leon and his expedition began exploring the
1525 Apr 8, Albert von
Brandenburg, the leader of the Teutonic Order, assumed the title
“Duke of Prussia" and passed the first laws of the Protestant
church, making Prussia a Protestant state.
1582 Apr 8, Phineas Fletcher,
poet, was born.
1605 Apr 8, Philip IV king of
Spain and Portugal (1621-65), was born.
1605 Apr 8, Louis de Vadder,
Flemish painter, was born.
1681 Apr 8, England's King
Charles II received the 1st installment of a 5-million livre subsidy
from King Louis of France. This provided him independence from
Parliament and he ruled without it until his death in 1685.
(ON, 7/06, p.10)
1692 Apr 8, Giuseppe Tartini,
Italy, violinist, composer (Trillo del Diavolo), was born.
1726 Apr 8, Lewis Morris,
signer of the Declaration of Independence), was born.
1731 Apr 8, William Williams,
signer of the Declaration of Independence), was born.
1741 Apr 8, Jose B. da Gama,
Portuguese poet (O Uraguai), was born.
1759 Apr 8, Francois de La
Croix (76), composer, died.
1766 Apr 8, The 1st fire escape
was patented: a wicker basket on a pulley and chain.
1775 Apr 8, Adam A. earl von
Neipperg, Austrian general, Napoleon's wife Marie lover, was born.
1795 Apr 8, The Prince of
Wales, later England’s King George IV, married his German cousin,
Caroline, to produce an heir and increase his income. On their
wedding night the drunken bridegroom spent the night "under the
grate, where he fell, and where I left him." The story is told by
Flora Fraser in her book: "The Unruly Queen: The Life of Queen
Caroline." Masterpiece Theater made a TV presentation in 1997.
(SFC, 7/14/96, DB p.3)(WSJ, 1/9/97,
1801 Apr 8, Soldiers rioted in
Bucharest and killed 128 Jews.
1802 Apr 8, French Protestant
church became state-supported and controlled.
1832 Apr 8, Some 300 American
troops of the 6th Infantry left Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, to
confront the Sauk Indians in what would become known as the Black
1832 Apr 8, Charles Darwin
began a trip through Rio de Janeiro.
1838 Apr 8, The British
steamship "Great Western" set out on its maiden voyage from Bristol,
England, to NYC.
(ON, 8/07, p.7)
1844 Apr 8, Ignaz Franz von
Mosel (72), composer, died.
1848 Apr 8, Domenico Gaetano
Maria Donizetti (50), Italian composer, died.
1850 Apr 8, William Henry
Welch, US pathologist (founded John Hopkins), was born.
1861 Apr 8, Elisha Graves Otis
(50), US elevator builder (Otis), died.
1862 Apr 8, John D. Lynde
patented an aerosol dispenser.
1864 Apr 8, In the Battle of
Mansfield, Louisiana, Federals were routed by Confederate Gen.
Richard Taylor. Keatchi girl’s school was taken over as a hospital
for the injured soldiers.
(HN, 4/8/98)(SSFC, 7/7/02, p.C5)
1865 Apr 8, General Robert E.
Lee's retreat was cut off near Appomattox Court House. Lee requested
to meet with Gen Ulysses Grant to discuss possible surrender.
(HN, 4/8/98)(MC, 4/8/02)
1869 Apr 8, Harvey Cushing, US
neurosurgeon (blood pressure studied), was born.
1869 Apr 8, American Museum of
Natural History opened in NYC.
1875 Apr 8, Albert I LCMM von
Saksen-Coburg, king of Belgium (1909-34), was born.
1876 Apr 8, Amilcare
Ponchielli's opera "La Gioconda," premiered in Milan.
1878 Apr 8, Rudolf Nelson,
composer, was born.
1879 Apr 8, Milk was sold in
glass bottles for the 1st time.
1880 Apr 8, Victor
Schertzinger, composer, director (Uptown NY), was born.
1881 Apr 8, Fernand Lamy,
composer, was born.
1889 Apr 8, Adrian Boult,
conductor, composer (BBC Sym Orch), was born in Chester, England.
1893 Apr 8, Mary Pickford
(Gladys Smith), silent film actress (Poor Little Rich Girl), was
1893 Apr 8, The Critic reported
that ice cream soda is the national drink of the US.
1898 Apr 8, British General
Horatio Kitchener defeated the Khalifa, leader of the dervishes in
Sudan, at the Battle of Atbara. Anglo-Egyptian forces crushed 6,000
(HN, 4/8/99)(MC, 4/8/02)
1902 Apr 8, Josef Krips,
conductor (London Symph 1954-63), was born in Vienna, Austria.
1904 Apr 8, Britain and France
signed a series of agreements dubbed the entente cordial. It marked
the end of almost a century of intermittent conflict between the two
nations and their predecessor states. The Entente cordiale, along
with the Anglo-Russian Entente and the Franco-Russian Alliance,
later became part of the Triple Entente among the UK, France, and
1910 Apr 8, Harriet Doerr
(d.2002) was born as Harriet Huntington, grand-daughter of railroad
tycoon Henry Edwards Huntington, in Pasadena. In 1984 she won the
American Book Award for 1st fiction for “Stone for Ibarra."
(SFC, 11/28/02, p.A30)
1911 Apr 8, Melvin Calvin, US
chemist (photosynthesis, Nobel 1961), was born.
1912 Apr 8, Sonja Henie
(d.1969), ice skater, actress (Olympic-gold-1928,32,36), was born in
Oslo, Norway. Henie won 10 consecutive world championships.
(MC, 4/8/02)(SSFC, 10/5/03, Par p.2)
1912 Apr 8, Steamers collided
in Nile, drowning 200.
1913 Apr 8, The US 17th
Amendment was ratified, requiring direct election of senators, as
opposed to appointment by state legislatures.
1913 Apr 8, Opening of China's
1st parliament took place in Peking (Beijing).
1914 Apr 8, U.S. and Columbia
signed a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone.
1918 Apr 8, The US First Aero
Squadron was assigned to the Western Front for the first time on
1919 Apr 8, Douglas Ian Smith,
premier of Rhodesia, was born. He was Premier of the British Colony
of Southern Rhodesia (13 Apr 1964 - 11 Nov 1965) and Prime Minister
of the Republic of Rhodesia (11 Nov 1965 - 1 Jun 1979). He was
Premier of the British Colony of Southern Rhodesia (13 Apr 1964 - 11
Nov 1965) and Prime Minister of the Republic of Rhodesia (11 Nov
1965 - 1 Jun 1979).
1920 Apr 8, Carmen McRae, jazz
vocalist and pianist, was born.
1920 Apr 8, Charles Tomlinson
Griffes (35), US composer (White Peacock), died.
1921 Apr 8, Betty Bloomer Ford,
first lady to President Gerald Ford, was born.
1923 Apr 8, Franco Corelli,
tenor, was born in Anconia, Italy.
1923 Apr 8, Death toll from
plague reached 1,000 in India.
1928 Apr 8, The 1st Karastan
rug, a machine-made product woven through the back, came off the
loom in Leaksville, NC.
(SFCM, 10/10/04, p.10)
1929 Apr 8, Walter Berry,
singer, ex husband of Christa Ludwig, was born in Austria.
1929 Apr 8, Jacques Brel
(d.1978), singer, actor, was born in Belgium.
1930 Apr 8, John Reardon,
baritone (Falke-Die Fledermaus), was born in NYC.
1933 Apr 8, Manchester Guardian
warned of unknown Nazi terror.
1935 Apr 8, The Emergency
Relief Appropriation Act authorized $5 billion to increase
employment and for useful projects including the Works Progress
Administration (WPA). President Franklin Roosevelt proposed the
Works Progress Administration (WPA) during the Great Depression of
the 1930s when almost 25 percent of Americans were unemployed. The
WPA created low-paying federal jobs to provide immediate relief. The
WPA put 8.5 million jobless to work on projects as diverse as
constructing highways, bridges and public buildings to arts programs
like the Federal Writers' Project. Writers were paid to produce
comprehensive guidebooks for each of the US states and Washington
DC. In 2008 Nick Taylor authored “"American-Made: The Enduring
Legacy of the WPA, When FDR Put America to Work."
(AP, 4/8/97)(HN, 4/8/98)(HNPD, 4/8/99)(SFC,
3/12/08, p.E2)(WSJ, 2/17/09, p.A13)
1935 Apr 8, Adolph Ochs
(b.1858), publisher of the New York Times, died.
1937 Apr 8, Seymour Hersh,
award winning investigative reporter (NY Times), was born.
1939 Apr 8, Italy, under
Fascist dictatorship led by Benito Mussolini seized the country of
Albania. The Albanian parliament voted to unite Albania with Italy;
King Zog fled to Greece. Under Mussolini’s totalitarian rule Italy
embarked on expansion and military conquest. Ethiopia fell victim,
conquered by Italy in 1936. Italy’s foreign policy cooperation with
Germany began in 1936 and both joined forces to intervene in the
Spanish Civil War on the side of Francisco Franco’s rebel forces.
Italy’s military alliance with Germany was struck in 1939. [see Apr
(HN, 4/8/98)(www, Albania, 1998)
1940 Apr 8, German battle
cruisers sank British aircraft carrier Glorious.
1942 Apr 8, The Soviets opened
a rail link to the besieged city of Leningrad.
1943 Apr 8, Michael Bennett,
AIDS victim, choreographer (Chorus Line) and theater director, was
born as Michael Bennett DiFiglia.
(NYT, 7/3/87, P.A1)
1943 Apr 8, J.P. Kavanaugh,
racehorse trainer, was born.
1943 Apr 8, Jomo Kenyatta
(1891-1978) of Kenya was convicted of involvement with Mau Mau. [see
Apr 8, 1953]
1944 Apr 8, Anthony Farrar
Hockley, military historian, was born.
1945 Apr 8, Nazi occupiers were
executed. Nazi general Christiansen fled the Netherlands.
1946 Apr 8,
The League of Nations assembled in Geneva for its last session.
1950 Apr 8, A US Navy Privateer
airplane flew from Wiesbaden, West Germany, to spy over the Soviet
Union with 10 people on board. Soviet reconnaissance spotted the
plane over Latvia and shot it down.
1950 Apr 8, Vaslav Fomich
Nijinsky (b.1889), Ukraine-born ballet dancer, died in London. He
created 4 ballets that included "The Afternoon of a Fawn" and "Jeux"
with music by Claude Debussy.
1952 Apr 8, President Truman,
to avert a strike, ordered the Army to seize the nation’s steel
mills after companies rejected Wage Stabilization Board
recommendations. Truman’s attempt to take over the US steel industry
was later denied by the Supreme Court and the mills were shut down
by strikers for 8 weeks [see Jun 2].
(TMC, 1994, p.1952)(AP, 4/8/97)(HN, 4/8/98)(SFEC,
11/14/99, p.B10)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)
1953 Apr 8, A Federal Grand
Jury in SF indicted Hugh Bryson, pres. of the National Union of
Marine Cooks and Stewards, on charges that he falsely claimed that
he was not a communist in a Taft-Hartley affidavit.
(SFC, 4/4/03, p.E6)
1953 Apr 8, Jomo Kenyatta
(1891-1978), one of modern Africa's earliest nationalist leaders,
was convicted by Kenya's British rulers for leading the Mau Mau
Rebellion against the white settlers of his country. Along with five
other Mau Mau leaders, he was subsequently sentenced to seven years'
1955 Apr 8, Barbara Kingsolver,
novelist (The Bean Trees, Animal Dreams), was born.
1956 Apr 8, Poet Gary Snyder
resolved to write his opus Mountains and Rivers Without End.
(SFC, 9/1/96, DB p.31)
1956 Apr 8, Six marine recruits
drowned during exercise at Paradise Island, SC.
1962 Apr 8, Bay of Pigs
invaders got thirty years imprisonment in Cuba.
1963 Apr 8, Julian Lennon, John
Lennon’s son, singer (Too Late for Goodbyes), was born.
1963 Apr 8, In the 35th Academy
Awards "Lawrence of Arabia," Anne Bancroft and Gregory Peck won.
1965 Apr 8, Erik A. Blomberg
(70), Swedish art historian, poet, author, died.
1966 Apr 8, The AFL chose 36
year old Al Davis as commissioner.
1966 Apr 8, The cover of Time
magazine asked “Is God Dead?" An article inside examined the
changing view of the Judeo-Christian god.
1966 Apr 8, Leonid Brezhnev was
elected secretary-general of communist party. [see Mar 29]
1968 Apr 8, The Academy Awards
and Baseball's Opening Day were postponed because of the M.L. King
1968 Apr 8, Clay Felker
(1925-2008), former editor of the New York Herald’s Sunday magazine,
re-introduced New York magazine as a glossy after the paper folded.
(SFC, 7/2/08, p.A2)
1968 Apr 8, In Czechoslovakia a
new government was formed under Oldrich Cernik.
1968 Apr 8, In Vietnam Khe Sanh
was officially relieved after 77 days by the US 2nd
Cavalry. US forces in Operation Pegasus finally retook
Route 9, ending the siege of Khe Sanh. Khe Sanh had been the biggest
single battle of the Vietnam War to that point. The official
assessment of the North Vietnamese Army dead was just over 1,600
killed, with two divisions all but annihilated. Thousands more were
probably killed by American bombing.
1970 Apr 8,
The Senate rejected President Nixon's nomination of G. Harold
Carswell to the Supreme Court.
1971 Apr 8, The 1st legal
off-track betting (OTB) system began in NYC.
1973 Apr 8, Pablo Picasso
(b.1881), Spanish artist, died at his home near Mougins, France, at
age 91. He left some 50,000 works that included 1,885 paintings,
1,228 sculptures, 2,880 ceramics, 18,095 engravings, 6,112
lithographs, 3,181 linocuts, 7,089 drawings plus 4,669 drawings and
sketches in 149 notebooks, 11 tapestries and 8 rugs. Two books of a
planned 4-volume biography were published by John Richardson, who
then interrupted the series in 2000 with "The Sorcerer’s Apprentice:
Picasso, Provence, and Douglas Cooper." Picasso’s estate owed so
much in death duties that many of his works fell into government
hands. In 2007 John Richardson authored “A Life of Picasso: The
Triumphant Years, 1917-1932."
(AP, 4/8/97)(SFEC, 1/30/00, BR p.6)(SSFC,
5/20/01, p.T8)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.99)
1974 Apr 8, Hank Aaron of the
Atlanta Braves hit his 715th career home run in a game against the
Los Angeles Dodgers, breaking Babe Ruth's record. The round-tripper
was off pitcher Al Downing.
(HN, 4/8/98)(AP, 4/8/07)
1975 Apr 8, In the 47th Academy
Awards "Godfather II," Ellen Burstyn and Art Carney won.
1975 Apr 8, Frank Robinson,
major-league baseball's first black manager, got off to a winning
start as his team, the Cleveland Indians, defeated the New York
(AP, 4/8/97)(HN, 4/8/98)
1977 Apr 8, Israel premier
Rabin resigned as prime minister due to a bank account scandal after
it was revealed that his wife, Leah, had illegally maintained a
foreign currency account containing about $3,000 in the United
1979 Apr 8, The 204th and final
episode of "All in the Family" ran on TV.
1981 Apr 8, The short play
"Rockaby" by Samuel Beckett (1906-1989), Irish novelist and
playwright, premiered in Buffalo, NY.
1981 Apr 8, Gen. Omar N.
Bradley died in New York City at age 88.
1984 Apr 8, In the 4th Golden
Raspberry Awards: “The Lonely Lady" won.
1985 Apr 8, India filed suit
against Union Carbide over Bhopal disaster.
1986 Apr 8, Clint Eastwood
(b.1930), filmstar and director, was elected mayor of Carmel,
1987 Apr 8, Al Campanis, Dodger
executive for more than 40 years, was fired after saying on ABC's
"Nightline" that blacks may lack some of the "necessities" for
becoming baseball managers.
1988 Apr 8, Pres. Reagan issued
Executive Order 12365 ordering the immediate blocking of all
property and interests in property of the Government of Panama.
1988 Apr 8, The Rev. Jimmy
Swaggart was defrocked as a minister of the Assemblies of God after
he rejected an order from the church's national leaders to stop
preaching for a year amid reports he'd consorted with a prostitute.
1989 Apr 8, In San Francisco
Roshawn Johnson (20) and Charles Hughes (18), described as innocent
bystanders, were slain in a gang gun battle at Newcomb Ave and
Mansell in Hunters Point. In 1992 Caramad Conley was locked up for 2
life terms. In 2010 a SF Superior court judge ruled that Conley was
denied a fair trial after the star witness, Clifford Polk, lied on
the stand about whether he was being paid to testify. Earl Sanders,
later SF police chief, acknowledged in 2010 that that he had made
payments to Polk. In 2011 Conley was freed. In 2014 Conley was
poised to get $3.5 million from SF for being wrongfully convicted.
(SFC, 11/14/00, p.A23)(SFC, 12/15/10, p.A1)(SFC,
1/12/11, p.C3)(SFC, 7/14/14, p.C1)
1989 Apr 8, The Soviet Union
acknowledged that one of its nuclear submarines, the Komsomolets,
caught fire and sank 210 miles north of Norway the day before. 42 of
69 lives were reported lost.
(AP, 4/8/99)(SFC, 8/14/00, p.A13)
1990 Apr 8,
The cult series Twin Peaks premiered on ABC TV. It ran until Apr 18,
(SFC, 2/19/96, zz-1 p.3)(AP, 4/8/00)
1990 Apr 8, Ryan White (18),
the teen-age AIDS patient whose battle for acceptance gained
national attention, died in Indianapolis. The Ryan White Foundation
was established for AIDS education programs after his death and it
closed its doors due to dwindling funds in 1999.
(AP, 4/8/97)(SFC, 10/19/99, p.A3)
1990 Apr 8, A global conference
of the Prague-based International Romani Union, a coalition of
organizations working to ease the plight of Gypsies, designated this
day as International Day of Roma.
1991 Apr 8, The show Twin Peaks
ended its run on TV.
(SFC, 2/19/96, zz-1 p.3)
1991 Apr 8, US Secretary of
State James A. Baker the Third toured refugee camps near the Iraqi
border, praising relief efforts but saying “hope must be given to
these people for a return to home."
1991 Apr 8, Jockey Willie
Shoemaker was left paralyzed in an automobile accident.
1992 Apr 8, "Five Guys Named
Moe" opened at Eugene O'Neill Theater in NYC for 445 performances.
1992 Apr 8, Tennis great Arthur
Ashe announced at a New York news conference that he had AIDS,
saying he was forced to go public because a newspaper had inquired
about his health. Ashe died February, 1993, of AIDS-related
pneumonia at age 49.
1992 Apr 8, Britain's "Punch
Magazine" ran its final issue after 151 years.
1993 Apr 8, The U.N. General
Assembly admitted the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia as its
1993 Apr 8, President Clinton
unveiled his $1.52 trillion budget for fiscal 1994.
1993 Apr 8, Singer Marian
Anderson died in Portland, Ore., at age 96.
1994 Apr 8, Smoking was banned
in Pentagon and all US military bases.
1994 Apr 8, Kurt Cobain
(b.1967), singer-musician for the grunge band Nirvana, was found
dead in Seattle of an apparently self-inflicted gunshot wound; he
(AP, 4/8/97)(SFEC, 2/2/97, DB. p.52)
1994 Apr 8, Japanese Prime
Minister Morihiro Hosokawa announced his intention to resign in the
wake of an ever-widening financial scandal. In 1998 Hosokawa
abandoned politics and began studying ceramics. In 2006 his pieces
fetched as much as $10,000.
(AP, 4/8/99)(SSFC, 2/19/06, p.A21)
1994 Apr 8, In Rwanda Jean
Kambanda was appointed prime minister of the interim government. He
went on radio and urged fellow Hutus to abuse, hurt and kill Tutsis
and Hutu moderates. He pleaded guilty in 1998 to charges that he
incited the slaughter of over 800,000 Rwandans.
(SFC, 5/2/98, p.A8)
1994 Apr 8, In Rwanda more than
1,400 Tutsis were massacred by Hutu militia at a church atop a hill
1994 Apr 8, About this time the
commander of UN forces in Rwanda warned Kofi Annan, head of the UN
Peacekeeping operations, that the Kigali government was planning to
slaughter Tutsis. Annan’s office ordered Gen’l. Romeo Dallaire of
Canada not to protect the informant or to confiscate arms
stockpiles. Annan later claimed that he lacked the military might
and political backing to stop the slaughter of more than 500,000
(USAT, 5/4/98, p.9A)(USAT, 5/5/98, p.11A)
1995 Apr 8, Former Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara, in an interview with AP Network News and
"Newsweek" magazine to promote his memoir “In Retrospect," called
America's Vietnam War policy "terribly wrong."
1996 Apr 8, Eve Ramsey, the
pivotal character of the online soap opera “The East Village," was
born from the creative team at Marinex Multimedia Corp.
(WSJ, 6/26/97, p.A16)
1996 Apr 8, Stock prices
plunged on Wall Street amid concerns over stronger-than-expected
employment data. The Dow Jones industrial average fell 88.51 to end
1997 Apr 8, The Vatican chose
Archbishop Francis George of Portland, Ore., to head the Archdiocese
of Chicago, succeeding the late Cardinal Joseph Bernardin.
1997 Apr 8, Lawmakers returned
from a visit to North Korea announced that the people there were
subsisting on 5 ounces of rice per day and eating grass and tree
(WSJ, 4/9/97, p.A1)
1997 Apr 8, Microsoft Corp
released Internet Explorer 4.0.
1997 Apr 8, The Columbia space
shuttle landed with its mission shortened by 12 days due to a faulty
fuel cell [a defective generator].
(WSJ, 4/9/97, p.A1)(AP, 4/8/98)
1997 Apr 8, Singer and
songwriter Laura Nyro (b.1947) died in Danbury, Conn., at age 49 of
ovarian cancer. In 2012 she was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall
(SFC, 4/10/97, p.A23)(AP, 4/8/98)(SSFC, 4/15/12,
1997 Apr 8, In Mexico Raul
Gutierrez, director of the capital’s nine prisons, resigned. More
resignations in light of corruption and special privileges for
imprisoned powerful drug traffickers followed.
(SFC, 4/10/97, p.A14)
1998 Apr 8, The nation's major
cigarette makers withdrew support for a historic tobacco settlement,
saying Congress had twisted their offer to help cut teen smoking
into a harsh attack on their industry and sharp tax increases for
1998 Apr 8, It was reported
that Europe’s Infrared Space Observatory discovered water around
stars and planets. Water vapor in the atmosphere of Titan was
(SFC, 4/8/98, p.A8)
1998 Apr 8, It was reported
that a 20-year int’l. survey of plant diversity found that 1 out of
every 8 known plant species was threatened with extinction.
(SFC, 4/8/98, p.A3)
1998 Apr 8, A line of storms
struck the southeast and killed at least 41 people. 32 were left
dead in Alabama, 8 in Georgia and 1 in Mississippi. Thirty-six
people were killed by tornadoes that struck Alabama, Mississippi and
(SFC, 4/9/98, p.A3)(SFC, 4/10/98, p.A1)(WSJ,
4/10/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/8/99)
1998 Apr 8, In Bosnia NATO
forces arrested Miroslav Kvocka and Mladen Radic, both whom were
charged for war crimes at the Omarska camp near Prijedor where
scores of Muslim and Croat prisoners were killed in 1992.
(SFC, 4/9/98, p.A12)
1998 Apr 8, Cuba restored
relations with the Dominican Republic.
(WSJ, 4/9/98, p.A1)
1998 Apr 8, In Latvia the
Democratic Party Samnieks, the largest of the 6-party coalition,
walked out of Parliament accusing the nationalist prime minister of
souring relations with Russia.
(SFC, 4/9/98, p.A9)
1998 Apr 8, It was reported
that 22 Romanian ships carrying 500 sailors were stranded worldwide
due to economic problems of the state shipping firm, Navrom.
(SFC, 4/8/98, p.A12)
1999 Apr 8, At a White House
news conference, President Clinton said NATO could still win in
Kosovo by air power alone, and he expressed hope for an early
release of three American POW's.
1999 Apr 8, Pres. Clinton and
Premier Zhu Rongji of China made some trade agreements but did not
agree on China's entry into the WTO. Premier Zhu Rongji promised to
cooperate in investigations of alleged nuclear-weapons spying and
illegal campaign contributions by Beijing.
(SFC, 4/9/99, p.A1)(AP, 4/8/00)
1999 Apr 8, An enzyme called
presenilin was reported to be a critical factor in Alzheimer's
(SFC, 4/8/99, p.A2)
1999 Apr 8, In Florida a power
plant explosion killed 2 people in Tampa and injured 49.
(WSJ, 4/9/99, p.A1)
1999 Apr 8, The EU cut interest
rates by .50% from 3% to 2.5% in an attempt to stave off a
(WSJ, 4/9/99, p.A9)
1999 Apr 8, NATO bombing in
Yugoslavia blocked freighter and barge traffic on the Danube.
(SFC, 4/9/99, p.A17)
1999 Apr 8, In Malaysia it was
reported that some 111 people had died in the last 6 months from a
new virus that was believed to be spreading from pigs to humans.
(SFC, 4/9/99, p.A16)
1999 Apr 8, In Montenegro Pres.
Milo Djukanovic warned Gen'l. Milorad Obradovic to stop breaking
into homes and forcibly taking citizens into military service.
(SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A28)
1999 Apr 8, In Kacanik, Kosovo,
a Serbian firefight with the KLA left 17 people dead.
(SFC, 6/15/99, p.A12)
1999 Apr 8, Serbia said it has
ended its Kosovo offensive and was allowing refugees to return home.
(WSJ, 4/9/99, p.A10)
2000 Apr 8, US Catholic Bishops
honored this day as a National Day of Atonement."
(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C2)
2000 Apr 8, The Central
Intelligence Agency confirmed that personnel action had been taken
following the mistaken bombing of the Chinese embassy during the
NATO war against Yugoslavia; one employee was reportedly fired.
2000 Apr 8, A Marine Corps
aircraft, MV-22 tilt-rotor Osprey, with at least 18 people aboard
crashed at the Avra Valley Airport near Tucson. All 19 Marines
onboard were killed in the crash.
(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.A15)(SFEC, 4/10/00, p.A1)
2000 Apr 8, Claire Trevor,
Hollywood actress, died at age 90 . She had starred in over 60
films which included “Key Largo" (1948) and “The High and the
(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C14)
2000 Apr 8, In Bolivia Pres.
Banzer declared a state of emergency following a week of protests. 3
protesters were reported killed in 3 separate clashes which began in
Cochabamba over a 20% increase in water rates.
(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C13)
2000 Apr 8, In Haiti violence
broke out following the funeral of radio broadcaster Jean Dominique
and Aristide supporters set fire to offices of the Confederation of
Democratic Unity in Port-au-Prince. The government continued to
(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C13)
2001 Apr 8, Eldrick Tiger Woods
won the Masters golf tournament, his 4th straight major championship
in a span of 294 days.
(SFC, 4/9/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/8/02)
2001 Apr 8, Sec. of State Colin
Powell expressed sorrow for the Chinese pilot lost on Apr 1, but the
Chinese continued to demand that the US apologize reiterated a
demand that the US stop all military surveillance off the Chinese
coast. US officials said Pres. Bush was sending a letter to the wife
of a missing Chinese fighter pilot as a humanitarian gesture. The
pilot's plane had collided with a US spy plane, forcing the spy
plane to make an emergency landing in China.
(SFC, 4/9/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/8/02)
2001 Apr 8, It was reported
that foot-and-mouth disease was endemic in Asia and that 3,282 cases
were confirmed in Hong Kong over the past year.
(SSFC, 4/7/01, p.C3)
2001 Apr 8, In Nepal Maoist
rebels killed 28 policemen over the weekend. The government said it
was ready to begin talks, but the top opposition party wanted the
premier to quit.
(WSJ, 4/9/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 8, In Peru Alejandro
Toledo (55) led the presidential elections with 36% of the vote. A
runoff was planned with Alan Garcia who received 25.7%.
(SFC, 4/9/01, p.A7)
2002 Apr 8, The Pulitzer Prizes
were announced. Arts winners included Louis Menand in history for
“The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America," David
McCullough for his biography “John Adams," and composer Henry Bryant
(88) for “Ice Field." The New York Times won seven Pulitzer Prizes,
six of them related to coverage of the Sept. 11 attacks; Suzan-Lori
Parks became the first black woman to win a Pulitzer for drama for
her play "Topdog/Underdog" while Richard Russo won the fiction prize
for "Empire Falls."
(SFC, 4/9/02, p.A2)(AP, 4/8/03)
2002 Apr 8, US Sec. of State
Colin Powell arrived in Morocco as a large pro-Palestinian paralyzed
(WSJ, 4/8/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 8, The US INS
announced new rules in an attempt to close immigration loopholes.
(SFC, 4/9/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 8, The space shuttle
Atlantis took off for an 11-day mission to the ISS carrying
latticework and a rail car.
(SFC, 4/9/02, p.A3)
2002 Apr 8, In Kabul,
Afghanistan, a bomb exploded near the convoy of Defense Minister
Mohammed Fahim and at least 5 people were killed including 2
(SFC, 4/9/02, p.A7)
2002 Apr 8, Iraq said it would
halt oil exports for a month to protest Israel’s campaign in the
(SFC, 4/9/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 8, In Israel PM Sharon
announced a limited pullback of troops and the building of buffer
zones. The stance of the Bush administration called for immediate
withdrawal but expected action to coincide with Sec. of State
Powell’s arrival Apr 12.
(SFC, 4/9/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/10/02, p.A18)
2002 Apr 8, In Kosovo Serbs
rioted following the arrest of a man guarding a bridge to keep out
ethnic Albanians. 19 UN policemen were injured.
(WSJ, 4/9/02, p.A1)
2003 Apr 8, Connecticut won its
second straight NCAA women's basketball championship, defeating
2003 Apr 8, In the 21st day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom George W. Bush and Tony Blair met in
Northern Ireland and endorsed a "vital role" for the United Nations
when fighting ends in Iraq.
2003 Apr 8, The US Dept. of
Homeland Security announced $100 million in grants to 7 major US
(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 8, Kidnapper-rapist
John Jamelske, was arrested. He had imprisoned 5 women and girls,
one after another, as sex slaves inside a makeshift dungeon in his
DeWitt, NY, home.
2003 Apr 8, In Ohio a Dassault
Aviation Falcon 20 crashed short of the runway at Toledo Express
Airport and 3 people were killed.
(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 8, An American
warplane mistakenly bombed a house, killing 11 civilians near
Afghanistan's eastern border with Pakistan.
(AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)(SFC, 4/9/03,
2003 Apr 8, In Burundi battles
started between the Tutsi-dominated army and the rebel Forces for
the Defense of Democracy, or FDD, after the army tried to intercept
insurgents moving into Gitega province. More than 6,000 people fled
their homes in response.
2003 Apr 8, In Chechnya a
Russian armored personnel carrier hit a land mine in Grozny and
exploded, killing two soldiers and injuring several others.
2003 Apr 8, A jobless man died
in a southern Czech village after setting himself on fire in the
sixth case of self-immolation in recent weeks.
2003 Apr 8, Twenty-two European
countries submitted a proposed resolution to the UN's top human
rights body accusing Russia of grave rights violations in the
breakaway republic of Chechnya.
2003 Apr 8, Indonesia police
and the military in Aceh killed nine people.
2003 Apr 8, A US errant rocket
struck in Iran near the Iraqi border and killed a 13-year-old boy.
(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A21)
2003 Apr 8, In Iraq 2 cameramen
and one other journalist were killed and at least 3 others wounded
when an American tank hit the Hotel Palestine where they were
staying. An Al-Jazeera journalist was killed by US fire. In 2005 a
Spanish judge issued an arrest warrant for the 3-member US tank
crew, for the death of Jose Couso, who worked for the Spanish
television network Telecinco. Khalid Ibrahim Sa'id, Iraqi physicist,
was killed in Baghdad by a US tank crew as he rode in a car to check
on his home. British forces began establishing the first post-war
administration, putting a local sheik into power in the southern
city of Basra. Looting erupted shortly after their troops took
control of the city. A US warplane was shot down near Baghdad. US
forces seized Rasheed military airport.
(AP, 4/8/03)(AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A1)(AP,
10/19/05)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A14)(SSFC, 5/4/03, p.C3)(SSFC, 3/6/11,
2003 Apr 8, An Israeli AH-64
Apache helicopter fired a missile at a car in Gaza City after
sundown, killing at least 6 people, including Saed Arabeed, a
Palestinian militant, and 2 boys aged 4 and 15.
(AP, 4/8/03)(SFC, 4/9/03, p.A3)
2004 Apr 8, Condoleeza Rice, US
national security advisor, testified before the National Commission
on Terrorism Attacks and contended that that Pres. Bush did not
ignore threats of terrorism in the months before Sep 11, 2001.
(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 8, Clear Channel fired
Howard Stearn after FCC regulators proposed fining the company
$495,000 for airing the shock jock's sexually explicit broadcasts.
(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A3)
2004 Apr 8, Reliant Energy,
based in Houston, Texas, was indicted over an alleged plot to boost
power prices in June, 2000, at a cost to consumers of as much as $32
million. On August 15, 2005, Reliant announced that it had reached a
$460 million settlement with the states of California, Oregon and
Washington, resolving civil litigation claims against the company
related to the sale of electricity in the California electricity
crisis of 2000 and 2001. In March 2007, Reliant agreed to pay a
$22.2 million penalty in addition to a $13.8 million credit provided
in a previous settlement with the Federal Energy Regulatory
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reliant_Energy)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 8, Fred Olivi (82),
who copiloted the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki,
died in Lemont, Ill.
2004 Apr 8, In Afghanistan
troops loyal to ethnic Uzbek warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum overran
Maymana, the center of Faryab province. In the south, clashes left
at least 7 people dead, including two Afghan soldiers, and two
police officers killed in an attack by suspected Taliban
(AP, 4/8/04)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A3)
2004 Apr 8, Algeria held
elections seen as a turning point toward democracy for the North
African nation after a bloody Islamic insurgency. President
Abdelaziz Bouteflika was re-elected with 83% of the vote, but his
challenger cried foul and promised to appeal.
(AP, 4/9/04)(SFC, 4/10/04, p.A3)
2004 Apr 8, In China PM Wen
Jiabao suspended plans for a huge dam system on the Nu River in
western China due to environmental concerns.
(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A10)
2004 Apr 8, In France striking
power workers switched off street lights and cut electricity to
homes to protest plans to partially privatize public utilities. Even
the famed Chateau de Versailles lost power.
2004 Apr 8, Shiite Muslim
militias held partial control over three southern Iraqi cities,
Kufa, Kut and Najaf. Sunni insurgents killed a U.S. Marine in the
battle for Fallujah. In escalating violence, gunmen kidnapped eight
South Korean civilians. The US military announced 5 deaths. The
estimated Iraqi toll was 460.
(AP, 4/8/04)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/9/04,
2004 Apr 8, In a dramatic
video, Iraqi insurgents revealed they had kidnapped 3 Japanese and
threatened to burn them alive in 3 days unless Japan agrees to
withdraw its troops. The hostages were later released unharmed.
2004 Apr 8, In Indian-held
Kashmir a grenade explosion and gunfire at an election rally killed
9 people and wounded at least 60, including the state's tourism and
(AP, 4/8/04)(WSJ, 4/9/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 8, A Moscow court
handed down a 20-year prison sentence to a Chechen woman who was
earlier convicted of carrying a bomb that killed an explosives
2004 Apr 8, In the Philippines
6 members of the Muslim extremist Abu Sayyaf group including
Hamsiraji Sali, a senior leader wanted by the US, were killed in a
clash with government troops on southern Basilan island. In Oct
three informants received $1 million for their help.
(AP, 4/8/04)(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A3)(SFC, 11/27/04,
2004 Apr 8, The Sudanese
government signed a cease-fire with rebels in the western Darfur
(SFC, 4/9/04, p.A2)
2004 Apr 8, U.N.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan expressed disappointment after Cypriot
leaders on both sides rejected his reunification plan.
2005 Apr 8, In Washington DC
Humayun A. Khan (47) of Islamabad, Pakistan, was indicted for
supplying India and Pakistan with outlawed components for nuclear
weapons and ballistic missile systems.
(SFC, 4/9/05, p.A8)
2005 Apr 8, ChevronTexaco Corp.
said it has awarded a $1.7 billion contract to build Nigeria's third
natural gas-to-liquids plant to a consortium including Halliburton
Co. subsidiary KBR.
2005 Apr 8, Angola’s death toll
from the Marburg virus, which has no effective treatment, rose to
181 with no signs of abating. Doctors without Borders urged the
government to close the regional hospital at Uige to help contain
the spread. Suspected cases have been identified in 7 provinces.
(SFC, 4/9/05, p.A8)(SSFC, 4/10/05, p.A5)
2005 Apr 8, The Wiggles, 4
Australian performers, topped BRW Magazine's list of Australia's 50
richest performers in 2004 with an estimated gross income of $34.5
million, up from $10.7 million in the previous year.
2005 Apr 8, The EU’s executive
commission said it had recommended guidelines to member states to
boost the market for low-cost, high-speed Internet access delivered
over electricity power supply lines.
2005 Apr 8, Kalman Ferenczfalvi
(84), credited with saving the lives of some 2,000 Jews during the
Holocaust, died in Hungary.
2005 Apr 8, Indonesia's Pres.
Yudhoyono was greeted in East Timor on a visit to bolster
reconciliation between Jakarta and the territory it once occupied
with brutal force.
2005 Apr 8, In Iraq 4 children
collecting trash were killed by a homemade bomb in Baghdad, and
masked gunmen killed an Iraqi Army officer in a restaurant in the
southern city of Basra.
2005 Apr 8, Fadhil al-Shawky, a
senior al-Sadr official who had arrived from Karbala to take part in
a protest, was gunned down in the New Baghdad neighborhood.
2005 Apr 8, The Gulmarg Gondola
was inaugurated. The Jammu and Kashmir Cable Car Corporation (JKCCC)
made the second phase of the Gulmarg Gondola operational taking it
to the heights of the Afarwat peak.
2005 Apr 8, Lawmakers stripped
Mexico City's mayor of immunity from prosecution, clearing the way
for criminal charges. The shaky legal case against Lopez Obrador
alleges that in 2001, the city government failed for 11 months to
obey a court order to vacate contested land that it had expropriated
for the purpose of building a road.
2005 Apr 8, Raul Gibb Guerrero,
director of La Opinion of Poza Rica newspaper, was shot to death in
an apparent ambush by drug hit men, the 2nd attack on Mexican
journalists in a week.
2005 Apr 8, Nepalese soldiers
repelled a major rebel assault overnight on one of their bases in
the country's mountainous northwest, killing at least 50 communist
guerrillas during a battle that lasted more than 12 hours. Soldiers
soon recovered more bodies of Maoists killed in the raid, taking the
toll of rebels to 113 in the deadliest clash in the country in five
(AP, 4/8/05)(AFP, 4/10/05)
2005 Apr 8, Former Salvadoran
President Francisco Flores, the U.S. government's choice to lead the
Washington-based Organization of American States, withdrew his
candidacy. His withdrawal means that, for the first time in the
57-year history of the OAS, Washington's candidate will not win.
2005 Apr 8, The World Food
Program said food rations will be cut for more than one million
Darfuris who have fled fighting to makeshift camps in the region
because of a drastic shortage of funds.
2005 Apr 8, In northern Zambia
a truck packed with high school students skidded off a mountain
road, killing at least 38 and seriously injuring 50.
2005 Apr 8, World leaders
joined pilgrims and prelates in St. Peter's Square for the funeral
of Pope John Paul II.
2006 Apr 8, The New Yorker
magazine reported in its April 17 issue that the administration of
Pres. George W. Bush is planning a massive bombing campaign against
Iran, including use of bunker-buster nuclear bombs to destroy a key
Iranian suspected nuclear weapons facility.
2006 Apr 8, Democratic Party
leaders in Vermont passed a motion asking Congress to immediately
begin impeachment proceedings against President Bush.
2006 Apr 8, The US cost to date
of the Iraq war was put at $250 billion. Estimates suggested that
the costs could reach $2.24 trillion by 2015.
(Econ, 4/8/06, p.33)
2006 Apr 8, In western
Afghanistan a suicide car bomb outside a NATO military base in Herat
city killed two Afghans and wounded seven others.
2006 Apr 8, Belarussian
President Alexander Lukashenko has been sworn in for a third
five-year term and used the occasion to lash out at his foreign
2006 Apr 8, In Canada 8 men
were found dead inside abandoned vehicles in a remote wooded area of
a farmer's property. All were all from greater Toronto and all knew
2006 Apr 8, The Rolling Stones
made their debut in mainland China with a censored, but still
raucous, concert in Shanghai.
2006 Apr 8, Harley-Davidson
Inc. opened its first dealership in China, with promises to bring
its trademark easy-riding attitude to bikers in the world's most
2006 Apr 8, In Ghana an
overloaded motorboat carrying about 150 passengers on Lake Volta,
and 110 people are missing and feared dead. Only 40 people are known
to have survived the sinking.
2006 Apr 8, Police found four
headless bodies showing signs of torture that were dumped on a farm
about 20 mile north of Baghdad. 7 other bodies were found in 3
Baghdad neighborhoods. A mortar round hit a house near the Education
Ministry in central Baghdad, killing two men. In the southern
neighborhood of Dora, gunmen killed a Shiite cigarette vendor and
police found the body of a man killed by a roadside bomb near a
highway. 6 Shiite pilgrims were blown up by a suicide car bomber on
a road leading to Shiite shrines south of Baghdad.
(AP, 4/8/06)(AFP, 4/8/06)(SSFC, 4/9/06, p.A14)
2006 Apr 8, In Nepal security
forces fired on anti-monarch demonstrators in separate marches,
killing one and wounding five.
2006 Apr 8, In Nigeria at least
a dozen people drowned when an overcrowded dugout canoe capsized in
a remote creek in the delta region. 5 employees of a contractor to
US oil company Chevron were among the dead. Nigerian newspapers said
at least 20 people died, adding 12 bodies had been recovered.
2006 Apr 8, North Korea's top
negotiator to stalled six-way talks on Pyongyang's nuclear arms
program began discussions with other envoys involved in the
negotiations in an effort to put the process back on track.
2006 Apr 8, Thousands of
Russians left behind by their country's economic boom came out onto
the streets to protest at what they said was the widening gulf
between rich and poor.
2006 Apr 8, Turkish forces
killed a Kurdish rebel outside Batman and arrested a Kurdish suspect
in a deadly bombing at a seaside resort last year. 2 soldiers were
killed by a land mine blast in Elazig.
2007 Apr 8, Zach Johnson won
the Masters with a two-shot victory over Tiger Woods.
2007 Apr 8, Bill Richardson,
the New Mexico governor who has undertaken diplomatic missions to
countries at odds with the United States, began a rare visit to
isolated North Korea to recover remains of American servicemen
killed in the Korean War.
2007 May 8, A federal judge in
El Paso, Texas, dismissed immigration fraud charges against Luis
Posada Carriles (79), a former CIA operative accused of
masterminding a 1976 bombing of a Cuban civilian airplane along with
1997 bombings in Havana.
(SFC, 5/10/07, p.A6)
2007 Apr 8, Sol LeWitt
(b.1928), Connecticut-based artist, photographer and sculptor, died
in NY. He was known for his dynamic wall paintings and as a founder
of minimal and conceptual art styles. “LeWitt brought about a
fundamental shift in taste with sculptures and drawings that put
thought rather than feeling, ideas rather than aesthetics at the
(SFC, 4/10/07, p.D9)(WSJ, 4/21/07, p.P16)(SFC,
2007 Apr 8, A purported
spokesman for the Taliban said the kidnapped translator for an
Italian journalist was killed in southern Afghanistan. In the
eastern Paktika province, two Afghan guards were killed and five
wounded during a four-hour firefight with Taliban militants. In
eastern Khost province, a gunman riding on the back of a motorcycle
opened fire on Afghans working for NATO's International Security
Assistance Force, killing two of the men and wounding another. In
eastern Nangarhar province, a suicide car bomber blew himself up
next to a US-led coalition convoy. 2 roadside bombs in southern
Afghanistan left seven NATO soldiers dead. 6 Canadians died in one
of the 2 blasts.
(AP, 4/8/07)(AP, 4/9/07)
2007 May 8, In Argentina 7
managers of Skanska, a Swedish construction firm, were arrested for
tax evasion. Skanska sacked the managers and paid the tax authority
almost $5 million.
(Econ, 5/12/07, p.42)
2007 Apr 8, Britain's Defense
Ministry came under fire for allowing 15 British sailors and marines
held by Iran for 13 days to sell their stories to the media.
2007 Apr 8, A Chinese ship,
Jinhaikun, and a foreign cargo vessel, Harvest, collided off the
east China coast in Taizhou Bay. 19 Chinese and one Indonesian
missing in the accident were all on the Harvest.
2007 Apr 8, In western Iran at
least 26 people were killed and 18 others injured after a truck
smashed into a bus.
2007 Apr 8, The renegade cleric
Muqtada al-Sadr urged Iraqi forces to stop cooperating with the US
and told his guerrilla fighters to concentrate their attacks on
American troops rather than Iraqis. A pickup truck loaded with
artillery shells exploded near a hospital in Mahmoudiyah, killing 17
Iraqis. US forces captured a senior al-Qaida leader and two others
in a raid in Baghdad. 6 US soldiers were killed in a series of
(AP, 4/8/07)(AFP, 4/9/07)(SFC, 4/9/07, p.A5)
2007 Apr 8, In Japan
Nationalist Shintaro Ishihara won a third term as governor of Tokyo.
2007 Apr 8, The body of a
murdered South African national, Kenneth Scott Andrew (26), was
found in a plastic bag on the outskirts of the northwestern
Pakistani city of Peshawar.
2007 Apr 8, A Palestinian
attacker stabbed and wounded two Israeli police officers at a
checkpoint outside a Hebron shrine that has been a flashpoint for
violence in the past.
2007 Apr 8, In the Philippines
Julia Campbell (40), American Peace Corps volunteer from Fairfax,
Va., was last seen in the town of Banaue in Ifugao province. Her
body was found April 18 in a shallow grave near Batad village. In
2008 Juan Duntugan was convicted of the murder and sentenced to 40
years in prison without parole.
(AP, 4/14/07)(AP, 4/18/07)(SFC, 4/19/07,
2008 Apr 8, Congressional
auditors reported that federal employees charged millions of dollars
for Internet dating, tailor-made suits, lingerie, lavish dinners and
other questionable expenses to their government credit cards over a
2008 Apr 8, US Citizenship and
Immigration Service closed the window for H1B visa applications one
week after opening it, as the yearly cap of 65,000 for skilled
workers and 20,000 for master’s and doctoral graduates was reached.
(WSJ, 4/8/08, p.A12)
2008 Apr 8, Steven Karvellas
(48), former board member of the New York Mercantile Exchange,
pleaded guilty to 2 felony counts of illegal natural-gas trading.
(WSJ, 4/9/08, p.C1)
2008 Apr 8, Washington Mutual
Inc, the largest US savings and loan, said it obtained a $7 billion
capital injection from private equity firm TPG Inc and other
investors, but that mortgage problems will lead to a $1.1 billion
quarterly loss and the elimination of 3,000 jobs.
2008 Apr 8, ConocoPhillips and
BP said they will begin work immediately on a gas pipeline in
Alaska, with completion in about 10 years and costs estimated at
over $30 billion.
(WSJ, 4/9/08, p.B1)
2008 Apr 8, IBM began shipping
high-end computers built around the Power6 processor, the fastest
chip to date.
(SFC, 4/9/08, p.C1)
2008 Apr 8, Intel executives
said their venture capital arm has completed its first round of
investment in China and plans to invest an additional $500 million
during the next several years.
(WSJ, 4/9/08, p.B4)
2008 Apr 8, In southern
Afghanistan militants killed 17 road workers, part of a spike in
violence that has left 40 people dead in two days. 16 other
construction workers were wounded in the attack in Zabul's Shinkay
district. A Polish soldier died and one was wounded when a NATO
patrol hit a roadside bomb in Ghazni province. Taliban militants
ambushed a police patrol. An ensuing battle left four militants and
a police officer dead in Zabul province.
(AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)
2008 Apr 8, An Australian man
was sentenced to nearly three years in jail for shining a laser
pointer at a police helicopter and temporarily blinding the pilot.
2008 Apr 8, English Channel
tunnel operator Groupe Eurotunnel SA reported profits of $1.57
million for 2007, its first annual net profit, less than a year
after the company nearly drowned in debt.
2008 Apr 8, Chilean police said
Marko Kulju (26), a Finnish tourist who chipped an earlobe off an
ancient Moai on Easter Island, is being allowed to go home after
paying a US$17,000 (euro10,830) fine and agreeing not to return for
2008 Apr 8, China denounced
protesters who upstaged Olympic Games torch relays in London and
Paris and asked the United States to ensure the next leg in San
Francisco avoids similar mayhem. Olympic chiefs raised the prospect
for the first time of abandoning the international legs of the
Beijing Games torch relay, amid a wave of protests targeting the
2008 Apr 8, A Colombian court
sentenced nine rebel leaders to 40 years in prison for killing a
state governor, a former defense minister and eight others during a
botched hostage-rescue operation in 2003. Six Colombian soldiers
were killed after they walked into a mine field while pursuing a
column of leftist guerrillas.
(AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)
2008 Apr 8, Dubai’s crown
prince Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum bought 16
camels for $4.5 million, including one female camel for $2.7
(SFC, 4/9/08, p.A4)
2008 Apr 8, Egypt rushed to
grant bonuses to workers amid riots over food costs. Turnout for
local elections was later reckoned at under 5% under a boycott by
the Muslim Brotherhood.
(WSJ, 4/9/08, p.A1)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.32)
2008 Apr 8, In Guatemala gunmen
killed Victor Rivera, a former top government security adviser, a
week after he was fired by President Alvaro Colom amid complaints he
had become too powerful.
2008 Apr 8, In Haiti hungry
protesters stormed the presidential palace throwing rocks and
demanding the resignation of Pres. Rene Preval over soaring food
(SFC, 4/9/08, p.A4)
2008 Apr 9, India ended its
first-ever summit with African nations, aimed at deepening ties with
the resource-rich continent and trying to ensure it is not eclipsed
by Asian rival China.
2008 Apr 8, Indonesian Internet
companies blocked access to YouTube and MySpace, heeding a
government order aimed at stopping people from watching an
anti-Islam film by a Dutch lawmaker.
2008 Apr 8, Iran's Foreign
Ministry condemned for the first time rocket and mortar attacks
against the US-controlled Green Zone in Baghdad by supporters of
anti-American Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. A US soldier died from
wounds sustained when his vehicle was destroyed in a roadside
bombing the previous evening.
2008 Apr 8, Shiite cleric
Muqtada al-Sadr threatened to lift a seven-month freeze on his Mahdi
Army militia if the Iraqi government does not halt attacks on his
followers or set a timetable for a US withdrawal. military spokesman
Brig. Gen. Qassim al-Moussawi said a total of 82 militants, 36
civilians and 37 soldiers had been killed since March 16 in fighting
in Baghdad, mostly in Sadr City.
(AP, 4/8/08)(AP, 4/9/08)
2008 Apr 8, Kenya’s opposition
party suspended talks with the government and hundreds of backers
set fires to protest delays in reaching a power-sharing agreement.
(SFC, 4/9/08, p.A7)
2008 Apr 8, Libyan authorities
released 90 members of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, a group
with suspected links to al-Qaida, after they renounced violence.
2008 Apr 8, In Mexico Pres.
Calderon said he would ease some bureaucratic barriers, and allow
Pemex to pay outside contractors a "bonus," not a percentage cut,
for oil found in deep-water reserves.
2008 Apr 8, In Nepal police
shot dead seven Maoists, and a man protesting the killing of an
election candidate was also shot dead by police. An election
candidate was assassinated in the west of the country.
2008 Apr 8, Nigeria's
government filed graft charges against the daughter of ex-president
Olusegun Obasanjo and two ministers sacked last month.
2008 Apr 8, In Pakistan a gas
leak sparked an explosion and fire at a nuclear plant that is
believed to produce enriched plutonium for the country’s atomic
weapons program. Two workers were killed.
2008 Apr 8, In Palestine’s
Hamas threatened to burst across the Israeli border to end Israel's
blockade of Gaza if Egypt and Israel do not lift their blockade.
(AP, 4/9/08)(WSJ, 4/9/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 8, A Peruvian court
convicted a former general and three members of a military death
squad of kidnapping and murder in a ruling that prosecutors say
could set a precedent in the trial of former President Alberto
Fujimori. Judges found them guilty of participating in the 1992
kidnapping and murder of nine students and a professor from La
Cantuta University who were suspected of being rebel collaborators.
2008 Apr 8, A Philippine court
sentenced 9 military officers to jail terms ranging from 12 to 40
years for taking part in a foiled coup plot against President Gloria
Macapagal Arroyo in 2003.
2008 Apr 8, A Russian capsule
carrying South Korea's first astronaut and two cosmonauts blasted
off from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, en route to the
international space station.
2008 Apr 8, The riot-damaged
market in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa opened its doors amid plans
to allow foreign tourists to enter the restive region by the end of
2008 Apr 8, The UN refugee
agency unveiled a new partnership with Internet giant Google to help
track refugees from Iraq to Darfur and raise public awareness of its
2008 Apr 8, In Vietnam a small
military plane crashed near Hanoi, killing all five aboard.
2008 Apr 8, Opposition
officials accused Zimbabwe's ruling party of orchestrating a
campaign of violence in remote rural areas in an effort to
intimidate opponents of President Robert Mugabe ahead of a likely
runoff election. A farmers' union said more than 60 mostly white
Zimbabwean farmers have been evicted from their land by war veterans
loyal to President Robert Mugabe since the weekend.
(AP, 4/8/08)(Reuters, 4/8/08)
2009 Apr 8, The Passover
holiday, which marks the Hebrews' exodus from slavery in Egypt as
recounted in the Bible, began this evening with a special meal known
as the seder.
2009 Apr 8, The US Justice
Dept. filed terrorism-related charges against Luis Posada Carriles
(81), a prominent Cuban exile wanted by the Castro government for
involvement in several 1997 hotel bombings in Cuba.
(WSJ, 4/10/09, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/c5j5b5)
2009 Apr 8, The US Coast Guard
located a Venezuela-flagged fishing boat 500 miles east of Brazil,
boarded the vessel and found about 2,500 pounds (1,135 kilograms) of
cocaine. They planned to turn over the boat, the drugs, and the
prisoners to Venezuelan authorities.
2009 Apr 8, The Wall Street
Journal reported that cyberspies have penetrated the US electrical
grid and left behind software programs that could be used to disrupt
2009 Apr 8, US federal agents
searched three money-transfer businesses in Minneapolis, carrying
away boxes of documents and copying computer hard drives for details
of transactions between the US and several African nations,
including Somalia, Eritrea, Kenya, Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti and the
United Arab Emirates.
2009 Apr 8, Genentech, a unit
of Roche, said it is voluntarily withdrawing its psoriasis drug
Raptiva due to a link with a rare but often fatal brain disorder.
(WSJ, 4/9/09, p.B3)
2009 Apr 8, The international
Red Cross said a polio outbreak, that now affects 15 African
countries, threatens efforts to eradicate the disease.
2009 Apr 8, Over 100 Afghan
ministers, lawmakers and officials signed a petition opposing a
controversial law that critics say legalizes marital rape. The
petition said the law is unconstitutional and leads toward the
"Talibanization" of Afghanistan's legal system. The petition came as
Poland's President Lech Kaczynski held talks in Kabul with Karzai
and reiterated his country's plans to increase its troop
contribution in the country by 400 over the current 1,600 in Ghazni
province. A roadside blast hit a civilian vehicle south of Kandahar
city, wounding six civilians. Gen. David McKiernan, top US general
in Afghanistan, met with villagers in Helmand and Kandahar. He
apologized for past mistakes and said he is now studying the Quran,
the Muslim holy book.
(AP, 4/8/09)(AP, 4/10/09)(SFC, 4/10/09, p.A2)
2009 Apr 8, British police
arrested 12 suspects in a major anti-terror operation. 11 of the 12
were Pakistani nationals. One 18-year-old was soon handed over to
the UK border agency for questioning about his immigration status.
All the suspects were released after 2 weeks.
(AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 4/11/09)(AP, 4/22/09)
2009 Apr 8, A fishing vessel
carrying 45 boatpeople, believed to be from Iraq, landed on
Australia’s remote Christmas Island, island, a day after the
opposition party said a softer stance on refugees had prompted a
"surge" in illegal immigrants.
2009 Apr 8, In Canada Tori
Stafford (8) was kidnapped outside her school in Woodstock, Ontario.
In 2012 Terri-Lynne McClintic admitted she had kidnapped Tori and
delivered her to her boyfriend Michael Rafferty, who raped the
child. McClintic said she then battered the girl to death with a
claw hammer. On May 11, 2012, a jury in London, Ontario, found
Rafferty (31) guilty of first degree murder, kidnapping and sexual
assault, dismissing his girlfriend's testimony that she alone was
responsible for killing Tori Stafford.
2009 Apr 8, In China visiting
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said the world's center of gravity
has moved to Beijing, as he focused on boosting Chinese oil
2009 Apr 8, China said that it
would build a clinic in each of its nearly 700,000 villages within
three years, part of a sweeping 850 billion yuan ($124 billion)
investment in health care reform.
2009 Apr 8, China's state media
said a court in Tibet has sentenced two people to death over riots
in Lhasa last year, in what was the harshest sentence yet reported
over the deadly unrest. Xinhua said the crimes committed by the five
defendants resulted in seven deaths and the destruction of five
shops in Lhasa.
2009 Apr 8, Dubai’s public
prosecution indicted Mohammed Khalfan Bin Kharbash, a former
minister of state, along with several former company executives for
(WSJ, 4/9/09, p.C2)
2009 Apr 8, In France workers
at a British-owned adhesives factory held three British executives
and a local manager captive over plans to close the site down.
Scapa, which announced in February it would close its plant in
Bellegarde, said it was forced to cut back after the market for car
industry adhesives collapsed by 50 percent in 2008. The managers
were released after being held overnight.
(AP, 4/8/09)(SFC, 4/9/09, p.A2)
2009 Apr 8, In Iraq a bomb left
in a plastic bag exploded near the most important Shiite shrine in
Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding 23.
2009 Apr 8, Stone-throwing
Israeli settlers and Palestinian villagers clashed near the site of
an ax attack last week that killed a Jewish teenager, leaving at
least 8 Palestinians wounded.
2009 Apr 8, Nigeria President
Umaru Yar'Adua dismissed top managers across the board of the state
Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC).
2009 Apr 8, In northwestern
Pakistan a suspected US missile strike on a car near Wana, South
Waziristan, killed two alleged militants and a civilian, a day after
the US-allied country reiterated its opposition to such attacks to
visiting American officials. Residents in Buner tried to push out a
group of Taliban militants who had ventured into their territory
from their stronghold in the Swat Valley and killed five people.
2009 Apr 8, In Paraguay lawyers
filed a paternity suit against President Fernando Lugo, alleging
that a son was born to the former Roman Catholic bishop five months
after he abandoned the church for politics.
2009 Apr 8, A Russian
spacecraft carrying a crew of three including US billionaire space
tourist Charles Simonyi landed safely in Kazakhstan.
2009 Apr 8, Somali pirates
hijacked a US-flagged cargo ship with 20 American crew members
onboard. The 17,000-ton Maersk Alabama was carrying emergency relief
to Mombasa, Kenya. The pirates took Capt. Richard Phillips hostage
after they hijacked the Maersk Alabama, then fled the cargo ship as
the vessel's crew overpowered them.
(AP, 4/8/09)(AP, 4/9/09)
2009 Apr 8, Thailand’s central
bank cut its benchmark interest rate by .25% to 1.25% to help prop
up the worsening economy. more than 100,000 anti-government
protesters rallied in Bangkok in their biggest bid yet to topple
premier Abhisit Vejjajiva, deepening the political crisis ahead of a
key Asian summit.
(WSJ, 4/9/09, p.C2)(AFP, 4/8/09)
2009 Apr 8, In Turkmenistan a
blast on a Central Asian pipeline halted the supply of Turkmen gas
to Russia. The explosion was later said to have resulted from
Gazprom’s decision to stop importing gas due to high prices and
falling demand. Gazprom blamed the explosion on poor maintenance.
(AP, 4/9/09)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.46)
2010 Apr 8, The US EPA sent a
notice of violation to the Chemical Waste Management, the largest
hazardous waste facility in the West, involving federal laws on the
disposal of PCBs. Neighbors blamed the landfill near Kettleman City,
Ca., for at least 11 birth defects since 2007.
(SFC, 4/9/10, p.C10)
2010 Apr 8, A federal judge in
New Orleans awarded seven Virginia families $2.6 million in damages
to pay for the removal of sulfur-emitting drywall made in China that
has been linked to corrosion and possible health effects. The
decision could affect thousands of other US homeowners whose homes
were made with the defective wallboard.
2010 Apr 8, The North Dakota
Supreme Court ruled that the Board of Higher Education had the
authority to dump the Univ. of North Dakota “Fighting Sioux"
(SFC, 4/9/10, p.A8)
2010 Apr 8, An asteroid, called
2010 GA6, flew within the orbit of the moon as it passed Earth at
7:06 p.m. EDT (2306 GMT). The relatively small space rock, about 71
feet (22m) wide was discovered by astronomers with the Catalina Sky
Survey in Tucson, Az.
2010 Apr 8, Afghan police
thwarted a major attack in Kabul, arresting five would-be suicide
bombers, the largest such group apprehended in the capital. In
Helmand province a local Taliban commander killed a Marjah tribal
leader, his nephew and three others. In eastern Afghanistan one
international service member died in combat with insurgents. A US
Air Force Osprey aircraft crashed in southeastern Zabul province,
killing 3 service members and one government contractor. It was the
first combat crash of the tilt-rotor aircraft, each valued at nearly
(AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)(SFC, 4/10/10, p.A3)
2010 Apr 8, The inaugural 3-day
conference of the Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET) opened
at King’s College, Cambridge, England. The institute was sponsored
by renowned investor George Soros.
(Econ, 4/17/10, p.86)
2010 Apr 8, In Brazil
authorities said at least 200 people were buried and feared dead
under the latest landslide in the Morro Bumba slum in Niteroi,
neighboring Rio de Janeiro. 205 people were already known to have
died this week in slides triggered by the record rains.
(AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)
2010 Apr 8, Canada’s annual
seal hunt began with this year’s quota raised by 50,000 to 330,000
due to a rising seal herd population estimated at 6.9 million.
(SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)
2010 Apr 8, In Prague President
Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed the
biggest nuclear arms pact in a generation and envisioned a day when
they can compromise on the divisive issue of missile defense. Obama
and Medvedev warned Iran of possible sanctions over its nuclear
program shortly after signing the disarmament deal.
(AP, 4/8/10)(AFP, 4/8/10)
2010 Apr 8, In Denmark scores
of Carlsberg brewery workers walked off the job after the company
tightened rules on workplace drinking. A new policy only allowed
them to drink beer during lunch in the canteen.
(SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)
2010 Apr 8, The European Space
Agency launched CryoSat 2 on a Russian rocket from the Baikonur
Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The satellite was designed to measure the
effects of climate change on the Earth’s polar ice caps.
(SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)
2010 Apr 8, Greece's borrowing
costs spiked higher for a third day, intensifying the country's debt
crisis and suggesting a eurozone rescue plan is providing little
support for Athens' struggle to avoid default.
2010 Apr 8, Greece and Turkey
agreed to strengthen contacts between their militaries to reduce the
chance of conflict between two countries that almost went to war in
2010 Apr 8, Israel lifted
months of censorship on a military espionage case, confirming the
house arrest of Anat Kamm (23), a former female soldier, charged
with leaking more than 2,000 military documents to a newspaper. She
had been arrested in Dec 2009. PM Netanyahu abruptly called off a
trip to Washington just days before he was slated to attend a
conference there on the spread of nuclear weapons, fearing Israel
would be singled out over its own nuclear program. On Oct 31, 2011,
Kamm was sentenced to 4 ˝ years in prison. In Dec 2012, her sentence
was cut by a year, to 3 ˝ years. Anat Kam was freed on Jan 26, 2014.
(AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)(AP, 10/31/11)(AP,
2010 Apr 8, Kyrgyzstan
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev told a Russian radio station he is not
admitting defeat despite a bloody uprising and the formation of an
interim government. Opposition leader Roza Otunbayeva, a former
foreign minister, said earlier parliament was dissolved and she
would head an interim government that would rule for six months
until elections were held. Otunbayeva replaced PM Daniyar Usenov
following his resignation. The country's new defense chief said that
the nation's 5 million people now have nothing to fear from the
(AP, 4/8/10)(SFC, 4/9/10, p.A2)(Econ, 4/10/10,
2010 Apr 8, In Lebanon heavy
clashes erupted in a Palestinian military camp in a remote eastern
part of the country as a result of infighting among Palestinian
factions. The camp is run by the Syrian-backed Popular Front for the
Liberation of Palestine-General Command.
2010 Apr 8, In Mexico police
detained Bruce Beresford-Redman (38), the producer of "Pimp My Ride"
and formerly of "Survivor," as a suspect after finding the body of
Monica Beresford-Redman in a sewer at Cancun's Moon Palace resort,
where the family was on vacation. Authorities determined she died
the night of April 5. At least 80 gunmen terrorized the town of
Maycoba in Sonora state for several hours and killed four people.
2010 Apr 8, North Korea said it
had scrapped a tourism deal with South Korea and would "freeze" some
assets owned by Seoul at a mountain resort in the communist state.
2010 Apr 8, Pakistan's National
Assembly unanimously passed a set of constitutional reforms, curbing
the powers of President Asif Ali Zardari and transferring them to
the prime minister and parliament.
2010 Apr 8, The Philippine
Supreme Court overturned a decision barring a gay rights group from
contesting national elections in May and recognized it as a
legitimate political party for the first time.
2010 Apr 8, The World Bank
approved a $3.75 billion loan to help South Africa build a
coal-fired power plant over opposition from the United States and
environmental groups. The USD 3.75 billion loan to Eskom Holdings
Limited, which has proved highly controversial, will help Eskom
bring online new power generation capabilities designed to help
South Africa meet growing power demand and avoid power blackouts
similar to those that occurred in 2008.
2010 Apr 8, Sri Lankans voted
in parliamentary elections. President Mahinda Rajapaksa's ruling
coalition won the first postwar parliamentary elections further
consolidating his political dominance after the battlefield defeat
of the Tamil Tigers last year.
(AP, 4/8/10)(AP, 4/9/10)
2010 Apr 8, Thailand's
beleaguered government shut down a satellite television station and
Web sites of anti-government demonstrators after declaring a state
of emergency, while the activists vowed to retaliate by escalating
their nearly monthlong protests.
2010 Apr 8, Uruguay's La
Republica newspaper reported that a Catholic priest who fled home to
Uruguay and was defrocked after a nun accused him of raping three
children in Bolivia has been living with his family for more than a
year, with the full knowledge of Uruguayan church officials, despite
an Interpol warrant for his arrest. Juan Jose Santana has been a
fugitive from justice since being charged in May 2008 with raping
three children ages 12 to 17.
2010 Apr 8, In Zimbabwe retired
bishop Abel Muzorewa (85) died. He was the first black leader of the
former Rhodesia and later became an opponent of Zimbabwe's Pres.
2011 Apr 8, US Republicans and
Democrats agreed in late night talks to cut over $37 billion in
federal spending narrowly avoiding a midnight shutdown that all
sides say would inconvenience millions of people and damage a
fragile economy. A final agreement was expected next week.
(AP, 4/8/11)(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A1)
2011 Apr 8, In Hawaii a storage
bunker exploded killing 5 workers as they dismantled pyrotechnics at
Donaldson Enterprises in Honolulu.
(SFC, 4/11/11, p.A4)(SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)
2011 Apr 8, In Texas Luis
Posada Carriles (83), a Cuban native and former CIA agent, was
acquitted of allegations that he lied during US immigration
hearings. He had worked for decades to destabilize communist
governments throughout Latin America and was often supported by
2011 Apr 8, The Oakland, Ca.,
Naval Hospital, formerly called Oak Knoll Naval Hospital, imploded
as some 800 pounds of dynamite blasted the 11-story building into a
pile of rubble.
(SFC, 4/9/11, p.C2)
2011 Apr 8, In Oakland, Ca.,
Jesus Campos, owner of the popular Otaez Mexicatessen restaurant at
3872 Int’l. Blvd., was shot and killed as he arrived to work.
(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A1)
2011 Apr 8, According to a
study about one in 10 cancers in men and one in 33 in women in
western European countries are caused by current and past alcohol
2011 Apr 8, In northern
Afghanistan insurgents gunned down Daud Esiq Zai, police chief of
the Ghosfandi district in Sari Pul province, where the Taliban has
intensified attacks, especially against those aligned with the
2011 Apr 8, Australian
Treasurer Wayne Swan officially rejected a proposed merger of the
Australian and Singapore stock exchanges, branding it a takeover by
the city-state that offered no benefits.
2011 Apr 8, British Lt. Cmdr.
Ian Molyneux, a submarine weapons engineer, was shot dead while the
submarine was docked in the southern English port of Southampton.
Able Seaman Ryan Donovan (22) was later charged with murder and the
attempted murder of 3 other crew on HMS Astute, one of Britain's
fleet of 11 nuclear-powered submarines.
2011 Apr 8, Cambodia’s
government said PM Hun Sen has cancelled a controversial titanium
mine project in the country's southwest because of environmental
2011 Apr 8, China’s government
and state media said 3 babies have died and 36 people, mostly
children, fallen ill after drinking possibly tainted milk in the
country's latest food scare.
2011 Apr 8, A total of 37 Cuban
ex-political prisoners and more than 200 relatives arrived in Madrid
in the largest and last such exodus since Spain started accepting
dissidents last summer.
2011 Apr 8, Voters in Djibouti,
which hosts the only US military base in Africa, cast ballots for
president in an election boycotted by most opposition parties.
2011 Apr 8, In Egypt tens of
thousands waved flags and shouted slogans in Cairo's central Tahrir
Square, demanding that Hosni Mubarak and his family be put on trial
over allegations of corruption in one of the biggest protests since
Mubarak was ousted two months ago.
2011 Apr 8, Europe's top
financial officials said that debt-ridden Portugal will need around
euro80 billion ($114 billion) in rescue loans and that negotiations
over a full, multiyear bailout program will begin immediately.
2011 Apr 8, France and Italy
announced an agreement to joint sea-and-air patrols to try to block
new Tunisian migrants from sailing to European shores.
2011 Apr 8, German federal
prosecutors announced the espionage charges against the 64-year-old,
identified only as L. in line with German privacy laws. Prosecutors
allege that L. passed information on Munich's Uighur community to
Chinese intelligence between April 2008 and October 2009. They said
a week ago that they were pressing similar charges against a Chinese
national of Uighur origin.
2011 Apr 8, In northern Germany
a sandstorm caused a highway pileup that left at least 8 people dead
and 41 others injured.
(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 8, In the Indian
portion of Kashmir a blast outside a mosque killed Moulvi Showkat
Ahmed Shah, the president of the religious group Jamiat-e-ahle
Hadith. Police within weeks blamed the murder on factional rivalry,
arrested three people and accused a top Lashkar-e-Taiba commander of
helping the killers with explosives. In August Lashkar-e-Taiba
released a report saying the group initially thought Indian forces
and institutions had killed Moulvi Showkat Ahmed Shah to weaken
rebel groups in Kashmir. It said members of an almost-defunct
militant group, Tehreek-ul-Mujahideen, were involved in the killing.
(AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 8/26/11)
2011 Apr 8, Iran's semiofficial
Mehr News Agency said three explosions have hit gas pipelines near
the Qom, in the same area where simultaneous blasts took place two
2011 Apr 8, Iraqi forces
stormed an Iranian exile camp that Iraq's Shiite-dominated
government has tried to close for years. Both sides reported
casualties in the raid. A hospital official in Baqouba said 10
people were killed and 16 wounded in the clashes. A UN spokesman
later said the Iraqi army raid on Camp Ashraf left 34 Iranian exiles
(AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 4/14/11)
2011 Apr 8, Israeli aircraft
and ground forces struck Gaza, killing 9 Palestinians including 5
militia fighters, in a surge of fighting sparked by a Palestinian
rocket attack on an Israeli school bus the day before.
(AP, 4/8/11)(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A3)
2011 Apr 8, Ivory Coast's
democratically elected leader imposed a blockade around the
presidential residence where the country's entrenched strongman
remains holed up underground and said he'll focus on normalizing
life in the corpse-strewn city of Abidjan.
2011 Apr 8, Libyan government
forces tried to storm into the besieged city of Misrata as NATO
generals acknowledged their air power was not enough to help
insurgents remove Muammar Gaddafi by force alone. UNICEF said
snipers are targeting children in Misrata. Loyalist forces shelled
the edge of Ajdabiya forcing insurgents there to retreat. NATO
expressed regret at the deaths caused by an alliance air strike on
(Reuters, 4/8/11)(AP, 4/8/11)(AFP, 4/8/11)
2011 Apr 8, Netherlands’
officials said the government will cut 12,000 military jobs as part
of spending cuts to balance the budget by 2015.
(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 8, In Nigeria a bomb
targeting election officials exploded in Suleja killing at least 8
people. Thugs attacked a police post storing voting materials
killing at least 12 people.
(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.52)
2011 Apr 8, In Pakistan
security forces killed 30 alleged Islamist militants in the Pazai
area of Mohmand.
(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 8, A Philippine court
ordered the widow of dictator Ferdinand Marcos to return 12 million
pesos ($280,000) her husband pocketed from the government's food
agency in 1983.
2011 Apr 8, In Russia a cyber
attack paralyzed the website of a popular independent newspaper,
days after similar attacks knocked off Russia's most popular
2011 Apr 8, Syrian security
forces fired tear gas and live ammunition as thousands of protesters
gathered in Daraa. 25 people were killed in Daraa. State-run TV said
19 policemen and security forces were killed. 37 protesters were
(AP, 4/8/11)(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A3)(AP, 4/13/11)
2011 Apr 8, In Thailand rich
and poor nations agreed on a roadmap for UN climate talks this year,
but only after long-running feuds flared over a wide range of
actions they must take to combat global warming. The talks in
Bangkok will be followed by other rounds in Germany, before the
annual summit in Durban, South Africa.
2011 Apr 8, In Yemen hundreds
of thousands converged in the capital for rival demonstrations, with
some demanding the president's ouster and others showing their
support. Four demonstrators were shot dead in Taez.
(AP, 4/8/11)(AP, 4/10/11)
2012 Apr 8, The Afghan
government and the US signed a deal governing special operations and
night raids by American troops. The document gave the Afghans
authority over the raids and gave the Americans an Afghan partner
that will now be held equally to account if there are civilian
casualties or allegations of mistreatment.
(AP, 4/8/12)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.52)
2012 Apr 8, A tanker traveling
from Australia to Singapore found some 120 asylum seekers, all
believed to be men from Afghanistan and Iran, on a sinking boat in
Indonesian waters and rescued them.
2012 Apr 8, In England the body
of Jamie Dack (22) was found by Southampton firefighters called to
tackle a blaze at the Empress Road industrial estate. Four men were
soon charged with murder, false imprisonment and conspiracy to rob.
2012 Apr 8, Envisat, Europe’s
largest Earth-observing satellite, stopped talking to its users
after 10 years of operation.
(Econ, 5/12/12, p.14)
2012 Apr 8, Iraqi security
forces said they have dismantled a 25-person cell belonging to Ansar
al-Islam, a radical Sunni Arab group.
(SFC, 4/9/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 8, In Macedonia 5
Christian fishermen were killed in a lake near Skopje. In 2014 a
court convicted six Muslim men of the murders in an alleged plot to
destabilize the country, and sentenced them to life imprisonment.
2012 Apr 8, Mali’s Pres. Amadou
Toumani Toure resigned. Under a deal mediated by ECOWAS the junta is
now supposed to hand power to a civilian government led by speaker
of parliament Dioncounda Traore.
2012 Apr 8, Myanmar opposition
leader Aung San Suu Kyi met with Karen ethnic minority rebels in her
first significant foray into politics since her election to public
office a week earlier.
2012 Apr 8, In central Nigeria
a car bomb blast outside a church in Kaduna on Easter Sunday killed
at least 39 people and put the country on alert over fears of
further attacks. Islamists shot dead a seven-year-old girl during a
failed attempt to kill her policeman father hours after group
members killed three in a separate raid.
(AFP, 4/8/12)(AP, 4/9/12)(AFP, 4/9/12)
2012 Apr 8, Pakistan’s
President Asif Ali Zardari became the country’s first head of state
since 2005 to visit India. Zardari and India’s PM Singh agreed to
adopt a gradual approach to resolve their differences.
(AFP, 4/8/12)(SFC, 4/9/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 8, Militants in Gaza
fired two rockets into Israel a day after Israeli airstrikes injured
two Palestinians in the coastal territory. The rockets did not cause
2012 Apr 8, In South Africa
Andreas Derleth, a towering German who lives in New Zealand, took
the title of Mr Gay World. He beat out 21 other men, including the
first black African contestants. Most of the contestants came from
Europe and the Americas, with none from the Muslim world and few
from Africa and Asia.
2012 Apr 8, South Ossetia held
a runoff presidential vote. Leonid Tibilov (60), who led the
region's KGB before falling out with the former local president, won
over 40% of the vote in the first round last month. Tibilov won with
54.1% of the vote. Rival David Sanakoyev trailed with 42.6% and
conceded the race.
(AP, 4/8/12)(AP, 4/9/12)
2012 Apr 8, Syria's main
opposition group urged UN intervention after one of the deadliest
days in a year saw nearly 130 people killed, mostly civilians. 11
more people were killed today. A UN-brokered peace deal appeared to
collapse as the government made a new demand that its opponents
provide "written guarantees" to lay down their weapons before regime
forces withdraw from cities.
(AFP, 4/8/12)(AP, 4/8/12)
2012 Apr 8, Taiwan's President
Ma Ying-jeou made a surprise stopover in Mumbai on his way to Africa
in what officials said was a sign of improving ties with India
despite a lack of diplomatic recognition. His three-leg trip will
take Ma to Burkina Faso, Gambia and Swaziland.
2013 Apr 8, In Washington state
Walli Mujahidh (34), arrested on June 22, 2011, was sentenced to 17
years in prison after pleading guilty to chrages including
conspiracy to use weapons of mass deastruction. A 2nd man, Abu
Khalid Abdul-Latif, was sentenced last month to 18 years in prison.
(SFC, 4/9/13, p.A5)
2013 Apr 8, In Afghanistan a
roadside bomb hit a public bus in Wardak province killed at least
2013 Apr 8, Australia and China
agreed to make their currencies directly exchangeable in a deal that
advances internationalization of the yuan and reduces costs for
companies. PM Julia Gilliard said the Australian dollar will become
only the third major currency to have direct convertibility with the
yuan, after the US dollar and Japanese yen.
2013 Apr 8, Margaret Thatcher
(b.1925), the "Iron Lady" who transformed Britain and inspired
conservatives around the world, died following a stroke. The former
prime minister (1979-1990) had radically rolled back the state
during her 11 years in power.
2013 Apr 8, Chilean forensic
experts exhumed the body of Nobel laureate Pablo Neruda, trying to
solve a four-decade mystery about the 1973 death of one the greatest
poets of the 20th century.
2013 Apr 8, In Egypt Dutch
journalist Rena Netjes was arrested by Egyptian citizens while
reporting in Cairo, accused of being a spy and handed to authorities
who detained her overnight.
2013 Apr 8, India’s wildlife
authorities began using aerial drones to oversee a sprawling natural
game park in the northeast to protect the one-horned rhinoceros from
2013 Apr 8, In Iraq a roadside
bomb targeting an army vehicle in the Baghdad neighborhood of Abu
Ghraib killed two soldiers and wounded another eight. Another
roadside bomb exploded near a police car in Mosul, killing a
policeman. A car bomb in Kirkuk killed a fighter with the
pro-government group known as the Sahwa.
2013 Apr 8, Abu Bakr
al-Baghdadi, leader of the Islamic State of Iraq, Al-Qaida's branch
in Iraq, announced a merger with Syria's extremist Jabhat al-Nusra,
a move that shows the rising confidence of radicals within the
Syrian rebel movement.
2013 Apr 8, Israel shut a
crossing with Gaza after rockets were fired from the Hamas-ruled
territory at the Jewish state on the day it commemorated the
2013 Apr 8, An Israeli court
delivered two consecutive life sentences to Jack Teitel, a
US-born Jewish extremist, for the 1997 murder of two Palestinians
and the attempted murder of others.
2013 Apr 8, Libya's PM Ali
Zidan said his country is "weak" as militias continue to run prisons
and abduct people, including his chief of staff, Mohamed Ali
Ghatous, now missing for eight days.
2013 Apr 8, Montenegro’s
election commission said incumbent Filip Vujanovic has won a 3rd
term as president with 51.2% of the vote over challenger Miodrag
Lekic, who received 48.8%.
(SFC, 4/9/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 8, In Amsterdam
President Vladimir Putin defended Russia's treatment of homosexuals,
as 1,000 gay rights activists waved pink and orange balloons and
blasted out dance music to press home their protest.
2013 Apr 8, North Korea said it
will suspend operations at a factory complex it has jointly run with
South Korea, pulling out more than 53,000 North Korean workers and
moving closer to severing its last economic link with its rival as
2013 Apr 8, Pakistan's top
court ordered former military ruler Gen. Pervez Musharraf to respond
to allegations that he committed treason while in power and barred
him from leaving the country.
2013 Apr 8, Pakistani military
officials said four days of fierce fighting in the northwest has
left 30 soldiers and nearly 100 militants dead.
2013 Apr 8, A Chinese
steel-hulled vessel hit an atoll at the Tubbataha National Marine
Park, a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site on Palawan island. On
April 13 Philippine authorities found inside the ship more than
10,000 kg (22,000 pounds) of meat from a protected species, the
pangolin or scaly anteater. On April 19 the ship was extricated and
towed to Puerto Princesa.
(AP, 4/15/13)(SSFC, 4/21/13, p.A4)
2013 Apr 8, Qatar pledged $500
million to help rebuild Sudan's war-battered region of Darfur as
part of an international conference seeking ways to boost stability
after a decade of violence.
2013 Apr 8, Serbia rejected a
European Union-brokered deal for reconciliation with its former
province of Kosovo.
(SFC, 4/9/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 8, Somalia's
government, after months of denial, acknowledged for the first time
that its security forces were involved in rape cases that drew an
international outcry by human rights groups.
2013 Apr 8, In Syria a suicide
bomber detonated his explosives-packed vehicle in a busy residential
and commercial district in central Damascus, killing at least 15
people. At least 53 people were wounded.
2013 Apr 8, Turkish police used
water cannons, tear gas and pepper spray to disperse thousands of
people protesting outside a court house in support of 275 people who
are on trial for allegedly plotting to overthrow Prime Minister
Recep Tayyip Erdogan's government.
2013 Apr 8, In Yemen 4 people,
two soldiers and two tribesmen, were killed in Marib when a group of
tribesmen attacked a military checkpoint in the area of Sarwah.
Armed tribesmen were suspected of being behind an attack on oil
pipelines and electricity pylons that led to a power outage in
Sanaa. Troops loyal to the former president killed three protesters
in Radda. Two soldiers from the Republican Guard, still led by
Saleh's son Ahmed, were also killed in clashes with protesters and
2014 Apr 8, A US jury ordered
Japanese drugmaker Takeda Pharmaceutical Co. and its US counterpart,
Eli Lilly and Co., to pay $9 billion in punitive damages over Actos,
a diabetes medicine linked to cancer. The drug companies said they
will "vigorously challenge" the decision.
2014 Apr 8, In Central African
Republic at least 30 people were killed in fighting between mainly
Christian militia and predominantly Muslim rebels in the central
town of Dekoa. Most of the dead were civilians, killed by Muslims
who fired into a crowd of people they mistook for Christian
(AFP, 4/9/14)(AP, 4/10/14)
2014 Apr 8, The defense chiefs
of China and the US faced off over Beijing's escalating territorial
disputes in the region, with US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel
telling his Chinese counterparts they do not have the right to
unilaterally establish an air defense zone over disputed islands
with no consultation.
2014 Apr 8, A Shanghai
collector paid a record $36 million for a rare Ming Dynasty cup
that's touted as the "holy grail" of China's art world.
2014 Apr 8, China and Brazil
signed a corn-import deal.
(Econ, 4/12/14, p.27)
2014 Apr 8, Intel announced
plans to close its operations in Costa Rica. Hours later Bank of
America said it would lay off 1,400 workers in Costa Rica part of a
global restructuring program.
(Econ, 4/19/14, p.33)
2014 Apr 8, In Cuba Alan Gross
(64), arrested in 2009, said he had begun a fast the previous week
to protest his incarceration. The former contractor for the US
Agency for Int’l. Development, was serving a 15-year sentence for
crimes against the state after he was caught setting up illegal
Internet access for the country's small Jewish community.
(AP, 4/9/14)(SFC, 4/9/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 8, The European
Union's highest court overthrew a rule that required telecoms
companies to store the communications data of EU citizens for up to
two years, on the grounds that it infringed on basic rights.
2014 Apr 8, In France Manuel
Valls used his first speech to parliament as prime minister to
announce corporation tax cuts and outline public spending savings.
2014 Apr 8, The German
government signed off on a draft law that will allow young Germans
of foreign origin to have dual citizenship, a move that relaxes some
of Europe's strictest nationality laws and will benefit the large
2014 Apr 8, Chancellor Angela
Merkel's cabinet approved a reform of Germany's renewable energy law
designed to curb a rise in the cost of electricity.
2014 Apr 8, WHO officials said
more than 100 people have died in an outbreak of Ebola in West
Africa, with as many as 175 people infected. This included 151
suspected and confirmed cases of the disease in guinea, where 98
people have died, and 10 deaths in Liberia.
2014 Apr 8, Indian government
forces engaged suspected rebels in a fierce gunbattle overnight that
left two rebels dead along with an Indian soldier and two police
officers in Kashmir.
2014 Apr 8, Iraq's electoral
commission said that there will be no balloting on April 30 in parts
of the Sunni-dominated Anbar province engulfed in clashes between
security forces and al-Qaida-inspired militants. Attacks left 15
people dead. Security forces said they killed 25 militants near
Baghdad amid worries insurgents are encroaching on the capital weeks
ahead of elections.
(AP, 4/8/14)(AFP, 4/8/14)
2014 Apr 8, President Michael
Higgins became the first Irish head of state to make a state visit
to Britain, crowning a big improvement in historically fraught
relations between Dublin and its former colonial master.
2014 Apr 8, A Kenyan official
said at least 3,000 people have been arrested during four days of
security operations following a wave of terror attacks. Most of
those arrested were scrutinized by security agencies and released,
but 447 were being held in custody under anti-terrorism laws.
2014 Apr 8, Libya's parliament
charged interim PM Abdullah al-Than with forming a new cabinet after
the weak central government had earlier requested wider powers.
2014 Apr 8, A Norwegian court
authorized the extradition of Eugene Nkuranyabahizi (41), a man
suspected of being involved in the Rwandan genocide two decades ago.
2014 Apr 8, In southwestern
Pakistan bomb ripped through a railway car parked at a station in
Sibi, Baluchistan province, killing at least 16 people and sending
flames and smoke billowing into the air. The separatist United
Baluch Liberation Army said the attack was in retaliation for a
military operation a day earlier against the group's activists in
(AP, 4/8/14)(SFC, 4/9/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 8, Saudi Arabia’s
Shura Council recommended that a longstanding ban on sports in
girls' state schools, relaxed in private schools last year, be ended
2014 Apr 8, The Organization of
Islamic Cooperation said that 14 non-governmental organizations have
pledged $300,000 dollars to establish a new office at its
headquarters in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, that seeks to improve
international coordination to assist Muslims affected by natural
disasters and wars around the world.
2014 Apr 8, Spanish lawmakers
overwhelmingly shot down Catalonia's bid for an independence
2014 Apr 8, Sudan expelled the
country chief of a UN agency and accused her of interfering in
domestic affairs. Pamela DeLargy, an American, had headed the UN
Population Fund (UNFPA) office in Sudan.
2014 Apr 8, Syrian state media
said Iran has sent 30,000 tons of food supplies to help President
Bashar Assad's government deal with shortages amid civil war.
2014 Apr 8, Ukrainian
authorities reasserted control over an administration building in
Kharkiv, the country's second-largest city, evicting pro-Russian
protesters and detaining dozens. In Donetsk the makings of an
improvised self-appointed government began taking shape as
demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-story regional
administration headquarters. In Luhansk pro-Russia groups remained
in control of the local branch of the security services, which they
seized over the weekend.
2014 Apr 8, In southeastern
Yemen suspected militants killed 5 soldiers guarding a checkpoint. A
leader of a Shi'ite Muslim party was wounded in a drive-by shooting
in the capital Sanaa in which two guards died.