Return to home193 Apr 9, The
distinguished Roman soldier Lucius Septimius Severus was proclaimed
emperor by the army at Carnuntum (Austria).
715 Apr 9, Constantine I,
Greek-Syrian Catholic Pope (708-15), died.
(HN, 4/9/98)(MC, 4/9/02)
1204 Apr 9, The Venetians began
their assault on Constantinople.
1241 Apr 9, In the Battle of
Liegnitz, Silesia, Mongol armies defeated the Poles and Germans. The
Mongols defeated the Germans and invaded Poland and Hungary. The
death of their leader Ughetai (Ogedei) forced them to withdraw from
1454 Apr 9, The city states of
Venice, Milan and Florence signed a peace agreement at Lodi, Italy.
1483 Apr 9, Edward IV (b.1442),
King of England (1461-70, 71-83) died. His young sons, Edward and
Richard, were left in the protection of their uncle Richard, Duke of
Gloucester. He housed them in the Tower of London where they were
probably murdered on his orders.
1588 Apr 9, Paolo Veronese
(b.1528), Italian painter, died in Venice. His paintings included
“The Choice Between Virtue and Vice." He was the son of sculptor
1609 Apr 9, Spain’s King Philip
III decreed the expulsion of the Moriscos, descendants of the Muslim
population that converted to Christianity under threat of exile from
Ferdinand and Isabella in 1502.
1649 Apr 9, James Scott, Duke
of Monmouth (d.1685), was born. He was the illegitimate son of
Charles II of England and pretender to the throne of James II
(HN, 4/9/98)(WUD, 1994, p.925)
1667 Apr 9, 1st public art
exhibition (Palais Royale, Paris).
1682 Apr 9, The French explorer
Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, reached the Mississippi
River. La Salle claimed lower Mississippi River and all lands that
touched it for France.
(AP, 4/9/97)(SFC, 11/30/96, p.A7)(HN, 4/9/98)
1730 Apr 9, The 1st Jewish
congregation in US formed the synagogue, "Sherith Israel, NYC."
1747 Apr 9, Simon Fraser, 12th
baron Lovat (Jacobite), became the last man to be officially
beheaded in England.
1770 Apr 9, Captain James Cook
discovered Botany Bay on the Australian continent.
1821 Apr 9, Charles Baudelaire
(d.1867), French poet, was born. His works were censored and he was
considered a pathetic psychopath; he also became the most acute
critic of his age in France. He was photographed by Felix Nadar in
(V.D.-H.K.p.278)(Smith., 5/95, p.72)(HN, 4/9/01)
1826 Apr 9, Chatham Roberdeau
Wheat was born in Alexandria, Va. He studied law at the University
of Nashville and then served in the 1st Tennessee Cavalry as a
lieutenant during the Mexican War. He became a Confederate commander
of the 1st Louisiana Special Battalion in the Civil War, also known
as Wheat's Tigers.
1830 Apr 9, Edward Muybridge,
pioneered study of motion, photography, was born in England. In 2002
Rebecca Solnit authored “River of Shadows: Eadweard Muybridge and
the Technological Wild West."
(MC, 4/9/02)(SSFC, 1/26/03, p.M1)
1833 Apr 9,
The nation's first tax-supported public library was founded in
1859 Apr 9, Realizing that
France had encouraged the Piedmontese forces to mobilize for
invading Italy, Austria began mobilizing its army.
1864 Apr 9, The Battle of
Pleasant Hill, LA, left 2,870 casualties.
1865 Apr 9, Erich Ludendorff,
German general during World War I, was born.
1865 Apr 9, Confederate Gen.
Robert E. Lee surrendered to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox
Court House, Virginia, and ended the Civil War. A lifelong friend
and trusted aide of Ulysses S. Grant, Seneca Indian Ely Parker was
at his general’s side at the surrender at Appomattox. The Union 20th
Maine Infantry Unit was designated as one of the regiments to
receive the surrender of Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. One in
four Southern men of military age died vs. one in ten for the
Yankees. In 1998 Bevin Alexander published “Robert E. Lee’s Civil
War." In 2001 Jay Winik authored “April 1865: the Month That Saved
(A&IP, p.92)(AP, 4/9/97)(WSJ, 4/2/98,
p.A20)(HN, 4/9/98)(WSJ, 7/24/98, p.W10)(WSJ, 4/2/01, p.A20)
1865 Apr 9, Federals captured
Ft. Blakely, Alabama.
1866 Apr 9, A Civil Rights Bill
passed over Pres Andrew Johnson's veto to secure for former slaves
all the rights of citizenship intended by the 13th Amendment. The
president was empowered to use the Army to enforce the law. This
formed the basis for the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
(MC, 4/9/02)(PC, 1992, p.502)
1869 Apr 9, The Hudson Bay
Company ceded its territory to Canada.
1870 Apr 9, The American
Anti-Slavery Society dissolved.
1870 Apr 9, Heinrich
Schliemann, German archeologist, with neither a permit nor the
consent of the Turkish landowners, had his hired men sink trenches
on the summit of the mound of Hissarlik, the spur of a limestone
plateau on the northwest coast, where he suspected that the ancient
ruins of Troy lay buried. Schliemann was hired by Frank Calvert
(1828-1908), US Consular Agent at the Dardanelles, to excavate at
Thymbra. In 1999 Susan Heuck Allen authored “Finding the Wall of
Troy: Frank Calvert and Heinrich Schliemann at Hisarlik."
4/96, p.44)(Arch, 11/04, p.8)
1872 Apr 9, Samuel R. Percy
patented dried milk.
1879 Apr 9, W.C. Fields (Claude
William Dukinfield), comedian, was born.
1898 Apr 9, Paul Robeson
(d.1976), black athlete, actor and singer, was born. He is best
remembered for his role in Othello. Lloyd L. Brown later wrote the
biography “The Young Paul Robeson: On My Journey Now."
(SFC, 3/26/98, p.A26)(HN, 4/9/99)
1900 Apr 9, British forces
routed the Boers at Kroonstadt, South Africa.
1903 Apr 9, Gregory Pincus,
inventor of the birth control pill, was born.
1905 Apr 9, J. William
Fulbright, U.S. senator from Arkansas, was born. He opposed the
1906 Apr 9, The third modern
Olympic games opened in Athens and marked the 10th anniversary of
the modern Olympics.
1914 Apr 9, The 1st full color
film: "World, Flesh & Devil" was shown in London.
1914 Apr 9, In the Tampico
incident a US ship crew was arrested in Mexico.
1916 Apr 9, The German army
launched its third offensive during the Battle of Verdun.
1917 Apr 9, Battle of Arras
began as Canadian troops launched a massive assault on Vimy Ridge in
France. The assault brought four Canadian divisions fought together
for the first time and cost 10,600 lives.
1917 Apr 9, Edward Thomas
(b.1878), British writer and poet, was killed in action during the
Battle of Arras. His travel books included “The Icknield Way." In
2012 Matthew Hollis authored “Now All Roads Lead to France: The Last
Years of Edward Thomas."
1921 Apr 9, Russo-Polish
conflict ended with the signing of the Riga Treaty.
1926 Apr 9, Hugh Hefner,
publisher of Playboy Magazine, was born in Chicago.
1927 Apr 9, In SF the new
Princess Apartments at Turk and Hyde offered a Kelvinator electric
refrigerator in every apartment. They were run from a central unit
in the basement.
(SFC, 4/5/02, p.G2)
1928 Apr 9, Mae West's NYC
debut in a daring new play "Diamond Lil."
1932 Apr 9, Paul Krassner,
founder and editor of The Realist, cartoonist (MAD mag.), was born.
1938 Apr 9, In Tunisia French
troops cracked down on nationalist-inspired rioting in Tunis. 122
Tunisians were killed by French troops. Tunisians remembered this as
1939 Apr 9, On Easter Sunday
Marion Anderson, at the invitation of Secretary of the Interior
Harold L. Ickes, sang a triumphant outdoor concert at the Lincoln
Memorial before a crowd of 75,000 and a radio audience of millions.
In early 1939, the Daughters of the American Revolution denied the
internationally famed contralto the opportunity to sing at
Constitution Hall in Washington, D.C., because of her race. First
Lady Eleanor Roosevelt was so dismayed by the injustice that she
resigned her own D.A.R. membership in protest.
(AP, 4/9/97)(WSJ, 7/24/98, p.W11)(HNPD, 4/9/99)
1940 Apr 9, The Nazi army
invaded and occupied Denmark and Norway. German forces landed along
the Norwegian coast and made a paratrooper assault on Oslo and
(WSJ, 4/29/96, p.C-1)(SFEC, 1/26/97, p.A14)(AP,
4/9/97)(ON, 11/05, p.3)
1941 Apr 9, The PGA established
a Golf Hall of Fame.
1941 Apr 9, In Czestochowa,
Poland, a ghetto for Jews was created. By the end of WW II some
45,000 of Czestochowa's Jews were murdered by the Germans, almost
the entire Jewish community living there.
1942 Apr 9, In the Battle of
Bataan, some 70,000 soldiers gathered at the bottom of the Bataan
peninsula during World War II. American and Philippine defenders on
Bataan capitulated to Japanese forces; the surrender was followed by
the notorious 55-mile “Bataan Death March" which claimed nearly
10,000 lives. 12,000 American soldiers surrendered to the Japanese
and some 1000 died on the march. [see Apr 10]
(SFEC, 12/15/96, p.T7)(AP, 4/9/97)(HN,
4/9/98)(SSFC, 6/17/01, Par p.4)
1945 Apr 9, The Red Army was
repulsed at the Seelow Heights on the outskirts of Berlin.
1945 Apr 9, Dietrich Bonhoeffer
(b.1906), a German Lutheran theologian and antifascist, was hanged
by the Nazis at Flossenburg prison. He had participated in the
failed July 20, 1944, plot to assassinate Hitler. A TV documentary
on Bonhoeffer was aired in 2006.
(SFC, 2/15/03, p.A14)(WSJ, 2/3/06,
1945 Apr 9, Hans Oster, German
major-general, spy and participant in the "July 20th plot", was
hanged by Nazis.
1945 Apr 9, Hans von Dohnanyi,
"July 20th plotter", hanged by Nazis.
1945 Apr 9, Wilhelm Canaris,
Admiral, headed Germany Abwehr, was hanged by Nazis.
1947 Apr 9, The US Atomic
Energy Commission was confirmed.
1947 Apr 9, A series of
tornadoes struck Kansas, West Texas and Oklahoma. 181 were killed
and some 1,300 injured. The Woodward tornado ranked as the deadliest
ever to hit Oklahoma.
(AP, 4/9/08)(AH, 4/07, p.55)
1948 Apr 9, Chaim Weizmann,
head of the World Zionist Organization, wrote to Pres. Truman
saying: “The choice for our people, Mr. President, is between
statehood and extermination."
(Econ, 1/13/07, p.53)
1948 Apr 9, In Colombia
politician Jorge Eliecer Gaitan Ayala (b.1903) was assassinated
during his 2nd presidential campaign.
1948 Apr 9, In Deir Yassin
about one-third of 750 Palestinians were killed by Jewish fighters
of the National Military Organization, an underground group better
known as the Irgun, and a splinter group called Lehi. The event is
called Al-Nakbah (catastrophe) by the Palestinians. 30 similar
massacres happened on other Palestinian villages. The death toll was
said to be inflated by Jewish forces to invoke fear and cause
(SFC, 3/18/98, p.A10)(SFC, 4/25/98, p.A1,11)
1950 Apr 9, Bob Hope made his
first television appearance. Hope began his career on an NBC
television special after years on radio. “I’d better get into
television before Milton Berle used up my material."
(SFC, 10/24/96, p.D5)(HN, 4/9/98)
1952 Apr 9, A popular uprising
in Bolivia broke the grip by three families on the rich silver and
tin lodes of Oruto and Potosi in the altiplano. This led to the
state owned Minera de Bolivia known as Camibol. Hernan Siles Zuazo
led the revolution that brought far-reaching social and economic
reforms. Feudalism was replaced with universal suffrage. Every
business of note was passed into the hands of the state.
(WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A-9)(SFC, 8/8/96, p.A22)(WSJ,
8/15/95, p. A-6)(MC, 4/9/02)
1954 Apr 9, Dennis Quaid, actor
(Big Easy, Dreamscape, Right Stuff), was born in Houston, TX.
1958 Apr 9, A Cuban general
strike was called but failed. Urban militias in Havana and Santiago
were put down by the police.
(WSJ, 7/10/02, p.D8)
1959 Apr 9,
NASA announced the selection of America's first seven astronauts for
the US first orbital flight in 1962 under the Mercury program: Scott
Carpenter, Gordon Cooper, John Glenn, Gus Grissom, Wally Schirra,
Alan Shepard and Donald Slayton.
(SFC, 3/10/97, p.A16)(AP, 4/9/97)
1959 Apr 9, Frank Lloyd Wright
(b.1869), American architect (Guggenheim Museum, NYC), died in
Arizona. In 1998 Ken Burns produced his video documentary "Frank
Lloyd Wright." An earlier British documentary of Wright was made
c1983. In 1987 Brendan Gill authored the Wright biography: "Many
Masks." In 2004 Ada Louise Huxtabel authored “Frank Lloyd Wright."
(SFC, 9/25/97, p.B2)(SFEC, 11/8/98, DB
p.48)(SFEC, 2/20/00, p.T10)(WSJ, 11/9/04, p.D12)
1961 Apr 9, Zog I (65), [Ahmed
Zogu], King of Albania (1925-39), died in exile in France. His son,
Leka Zogu, was sworn in as king by the government in exile.
(SFC, 6/27/97, p.A16)(MC, 4/9/02)
1962 Apr 9, In the 34th Academy
Awards "West Side Story," Sophia Loren and Maximilian Schell won.
1962 Apr 9, JFK threw out the
1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium.
1963 Apr 9, British statesman
Winston Churchill was made an honorary U.S. citizen.
(AP, 4/9/97)(HN, 4/9/98)
1965 Apr 9, The newly built
Houston Astrodome featured its first baseball game, an exhibition
between the Astros and the New York Yankees. Mickey Mantle hit the
1st indoor homerun, but the Astros won, 2-1 in 12 innings.
(WSJ, 10/15/98, p.B8)(AP, 4/9/09)
1965 Apr 9, India and Pakistan
engaged in a border fight.
1966 Apr 9, The statue of
Winston Churchill (d.1965) was dedicated at the British Embassy in
1967 Apr 9, The 1st Boeing
737-100 made its maiden flight.
1969 Apr 9, Students and police
clashed at Harvard Univ. In 1997 the incident was described by Roger
Rosenblatt in his book: “Coming Apart."
(WSJ, 4/15/97, p.A16)
1969 Apr 9, The 1st flight of
Concorde 002 was from Filton to Bristol.
1970 Apr 9, Paul McCartney
announced the official split of the Beatles.
1976 Apr 9, Phil Ochs (b.1940),
American protest singer and musician, committed suicide.
1976 Apr 9, Vega Ceballos had
been detained in Buenos Aires, along with his pregnant Argentine
wife Laura Gladis Romero. His body was ashore later in the year off
the coast of Uruguay, but was not identified until 2012. Her body
has never been found. Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo later
believed she was among hundreds of dissidents killed after giving
birth in captivity, and whose babies were raised by military or
1978 Apr 9, David Leslie
Murtishaw (24) murdered three film students, James Lee Henderson
(24), Martha Bernice Soto (22) and Ingrid M. Etayo (22), in the
Mohave Desert. Murtishaw was convicted and sentenced to death in
1979. He died in 2011 while on death row at San Quentin.
(SFC, 11/24/11, p.C3)(http://tinyurl.com/7kb9mrx)
1978 Apr 9,
In Somalia a coup attempt failed.
(WUD, 1994, p.1691)
1979 Apr 9, In the 51st Academy
Awards "Deer Hunter," Jon Voight and Jane Fonda won.
1981 Apr 9, The submarine USS
George Washington ran into the Japanese freighter Nisso Maru. 2
Japanese crewmen were killed.
1982 Apr 9, Robert H.G.
Havemann (b.1910), East German chemist and dissident, died.
1983 Apr 9,
The space shuttle Challenger ended its first mission with a safe
landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
1987 Apr 9,
Responding to charges of bugging at the new U.S. Embassy in Moscow,
Soviet officials displayed microphones and other gadgets they said
were found in Soviet missions in the United States.
1988 Apr 9, Pro-Iranian Shiite
Muslims who had seized a Kuwait Airways jetliner on April 5 killed
one hostage as the hijacked plane sat on the ground in Larnaca,
1989 Apr 9, Hundreds of
thousands of people marched in Washington, D.C, demanding continued
access to safe and legal abortion.
1989 Apr 9, Boxer Mike Tyson
struck a parking attendant when asked to move his car.
1989 Apr 9, Troops under Gen’l
Lebed killed 18 protestors, including 16 women and children, in
Tbilisi, Georgia. Colonel Gen’l. Igor Rodionov ordered troops to
break up anti-Kremlin protests in Tbilisi.
(WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A12)(SFC, 6/26/96, p.A11)(WSJ,
1990 Apr 9, The baseball season
opened a week late because of a labor dispute.
1990 Apr 9, Humorist John Henry
Faulk, who challenged his blacklisting in the entertainment industry
in the 1950s, died in Austin, Texas, at age 76.
1991 Apr 9, The 1991 Pulitzer
Prize for fiction was awarded to John Updike for “Rabbit at Rest";
the drama prize went to Neil Simon for “Lost in Yonkers." In
journalism, The Des Moines Register received the gold medal for
public service for its series about rape victim Nancy Ziegenmeyer,
who’d allowed her name and pictures to be used.
1991 Apr 9, Georgia SSR
declared independence from the USSR.
1992 Apr 9,
Former Panamanian ruler Manuel Noriega was convicted in Miami of
eight drug and racketeering charges; he is serving a 30-year prison
1992 Apr 9, Barbara Muszalski
disappeared from her Livermore, Ca., goat ranch. Her slashed body
was found 2 days later at the SF airport parking garage. Benjamin
Pedro Gonzales, who had stayed at the ranch for odd jobs, was
arrested in San Diego for the murder. He was also accused of the
murder of a Los Angeles college student and a New York stripper.
(SFC, 11/16/98, p.A15,19)
Apr 9, Britain's Conservatives came from behind to become the first
British political party to win four straight elections this century.
John Major (C) was elected PM of England.
1993 Apr 9, Four U.S. warplanes
fired at artillery in northern Iraq; the Baghdad government denied
provoking the attack with artillery fire at the planes.
1993 Apr 9, The Rev. Benjamin
Chavis was chosen to head the NAACP, succeeding Benjamin Hooks.
1994 Apr 9, The space shuttle
Endeavour blasted off on an 11-day mission that included mapping the
Earth's surface in three dimensions.
1994 cApr 9, The Bosnian Serbs
had mounted an aggressive assault on Gorazde and pounded its 65,000
citizens with heavy artillery.
(SFC, 7/15/96, p.A10)
1994 Apr 9, Secretary-General
Boutros Boutros-Ghali ordered U.N. troops to use "all available
means" to roll back Serb military gains in the Muslim enclave of
1994 Apr 9, In Kigali, Rwanda,
a crowd of neighbors tossed grenades and poured gasoline on the home
of the home of Thetime Nkaka and his pregnant wife Jeanette
Mukantwali (23). Matata Godefroid, a Hutu soldier, was later
identified as the ringleader. He was sentenced to life in prison in
Jan 23, 2001.
(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A6)
1995 Apr 9, Women’s rights
supporters rallied near the U.S. Capitol to protest violence against
1995 Apr 9, Two Palestinians
blew themselves up outside two Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip
and killed seven Israeli soldiers and an American, Alisa Flatow
(20). The Islamic Jihad and Hamas took responsibility. In 1998 a US
district court judge ordered the government of Iran to pay $247
million in damages to the family of Flatow.
(WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)
1995 Apr 9, Alberto Fujimori
was re-elected president of Peru in a landslide victory.
(Civilization, July-Aug, 1995, p. 14)(AP, 4/9/00)
1996 Apr 9,
In a dramatic shift of purse-string power, President Clinton signed
a line-item veto bill into law. However, the U.S. Supreme Court
struck down the veto as unconstitutional in 1998.
(WSJ, 4/10/96, p.A-1)(AP, 4/9/02)
1996 Apr 9, Former
representative Dan Rostenkowski (D-Ill.), the once-powerful House
Ways and Means chairman, pleaded guilty to two mail fraud charges in
a deal that brought with it a 17-month prison term. He was to pay
his own way at an average rate of $21,352/year. Rostenkowski served
15 months, and was pardoned by President Clinton in 2000.
(WP, 6/29/96, p.A4)(AP, 4/9/06)
1996 Apr 9, Sandy Becker (74),
NYC Kiddie TV Show host (Sandy Becker Show), died.
1996 Apr 9,
Yugoslavia and Macedonia established diplomatic relations.
(WSJ, 4/9/96, p.A-1)
1996 Apr 9,
Turkish troops killed 90 Kurdish rebels in a 3-day offensive. 27 of
its own soldiers died. Rebels had declared a cease-fire in Nov., but
the government refused to abide.
(WSJ, 4/9/96, p.A-1)
1997 Apr 9, Amid privacy
concerns, Social Security officials pulled the plug on an Internet
site that provided records of individual earnings and retirements.
1997 Apr 9, The CIA announced
that its own errors may have led to demolition of an Iraqi
ammunition bunker filled with chemical weapons at Kamisiyah in 1991.
The CIA apologized to Gulf War veterans for failing to do a better
job in supplying information to U.S. troops who blew up an Iraqi
bunker later found to contain chemical weapons.
(SFC, 4/10/97, p.A1)(AP, 4/9/98)
1997 Apr 9, New images of
Jupiter’s moon Europa confirmed the 1996 revealed surface of massive
icebergs floating on an ocean more than 50 miles deep.
(SFC, 4/10/97, p.A1)
1997 Apr 9, UNICEF, The WHO,
and the UN Population Fund called for a global ban on female genital
(SFC, 4/10/97, p.A16)
1997 Apr 9, In Ecuador the
Supreme Court ordered the arrest of former president Abdala Bucaram
and his aide Marco Albuja on charges of misusing presidential funds.
(SFC, 4/10/97, p.A16)
1997 Apr 9, In Hong Kong the
future government unveiled plans to restrict political ties with
foreigners, require police approval for protests, allow political
parties to be banned and prohibit political groups from forming
links with foreign organizations.
(SFEC, 6/22/97, p.A14)
1997 Apr 9, A War-era bomb
exploded on the grounds of a school in central Vietnam and killed 7
children. A teacher and 33 other children were wounded.
(WSJ, 4/10/97, p.A12)
1997 Apr 9, In Zaire Mobuto
dismissed prime minister Etienne Tshisekedo and installed a military
commander as prime minister.
(SFC, 4/10/97, p.A1)
1998 Apr 9, At Andersonville,
Ga., the National Prisoner of War Museum opened at the site of the
Civil War prison.
(SFC, 4/10/98, p.A7)(AP, 4/9/99)
1998 Apr 9, In Columbia a
Catholic priest and a lay worker died from a toxic cocktail of wine
mixed with cyanide. At least 10 Easter baskets with poisoned wine
were delivered to priests in the provinces of Meta and Cundinamarca.
(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A14)
1998 Apr 9, UN Sec. Kofi Annan
suspended the investigation in Congo of alleged massacres after a
team member was seized by local authorities.
(SFC, 4/10/98, p.A18)
1998 Apr 9, In Northern Ireland
this day was set as a deadline for peace talks. The talks continued
past the deadline.
(SFC, 3/26/98, p.B3)(WSJ, 4/10/98, p.A1)
1998 Apr 9, Japan abandoned
austerity policies and Prime Minister Hashimoto announced a $30
billion temporary cut in taxes to encourage consumer spending.
Pressure to change was exerted by the US, int’l. investors and elite
Japanese business leaders.
(SFC, 4/10/98, p.A14)
1998 Apr 9, Some 1 million
workers across Russia protested against the government and called
for the resignation of Pres. Yeltsin. Unpaid wages and pensions were
an admitted major problem of the government.
(SFC, 4/10/98, p.A14)
1998 Apr 9, In Rwanda attackers
thought to be Hutu rebels killed 28 people and wounded 36 in a
refugee camp. Soldiers intervened and killed 20 rebels. The UN
Security Council voted this same day to investigate illegal arms
sales to Rwanda.
(SFC, 4/10/98, p.A17)
1998 Apr 9, In Saudi Arabia it
was reported that 2.3 million Muslims made the pilgrimage, hajj, to
Mecca this year. Over 150 pilgrims died at the "stoning of the
devil" ritual during a stampede that occurred on the last day of the
annual pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
(SFC, 4/9/98, p.A10)(SFC, 4/10/98, p.A14)(SFC,
2/12/03, p.A9)(AP, 4/9/08)
1999 Apr 9, A US judge ordered
the federal government to pay $909 million to Glendale Federal Bank
in California for breach of contract. The ruling stemmed from a 1996
Supreme Court decision that said the government broke its contract
with Glendale and two other thrifts when it changed the rules on how
they must count their assets.
1999 Apr 9, A $250 million Air
Force satellite, intended to warn of missile launches, went into a
useless orbit after being launched aboard a Titan IV.
(WSJ, 4/12/99, p.A1)
1999 Apr 9, A tornado hit the
Cincinnati area and 7 people were reported killed.
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.A1)
1999 Apr 9, The Clinton
administration set $191.4 million worth of European products on a
sanction list. The figure was the estimated amount of lost sales by
American banana companies due to European import restrictions as
ruled by the WTO.
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.A2)
1999 Apr 9, NATO forces made
air strikes across Yugoslavia on Orthodox Good Friday. Military
industrial plants, fuel depots and communications facilities were
hit. Reports of the rape and murder of 20 ethnic Albanian women at
an army training camp near Djakovica was reported. The car and small
arms factory at Kragujevac was bombed and 100 workers were reported
injured. The Zastava plant in Kragujevac, where the Yugo car was
made, was hit by 20 missiles over 2 days and 36,000 workers were put
out of work.
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.A1,13)(SFC, 4/20/99, p.A7)(SFC,
1999 Apr 9, In Kacanik Yugoslav
troops massacred a number of ethnic Albanians. When NATO troops
arrive in June they found new graves with 81 markers.
(SFC, 6/15/99, p.A12)
1999 Apr 9, China's Premier Zhu
Rongji said that he would trade China's $57 billion surplus, which
he called exaggerated, for technology for a cleaner environment.
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.A10)
1999 Apr 9, It was reported
that the US planned to give $10 million in emergency aid to
(WSJ, 4/9/99, p.A10)
1999 Apr 9, The Larson B and
Wilkins ice shelves were reported to have lost 1,100 sq. miles due
to melting over the last year.
(SFC, 4/9/99, p.A16)
1999 Apr 9, In Lesotho Prime
Minister Pakalitha Mosisili announced that South Africa and Botswana
would soon pull their forces out of Lesotho following a 7 month
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.C14)
1999 Apr 9, In Namibia some
13.6 tons of elephant tusks were sold at auction to Japanese buyers
at the first legal sale since a 1989 int'l. ban on the sale of
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.C14)
1999 Apr 9, In Niger Pres.
Ibrahim Bare Mainassara (49) was shot to death by his own
presidential bodyguards at Niamey Airport.
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.C14)(AP, 4/9/00)(AFP, 10/23/15)
1999 Apr 9, Russia threatened
to take military action against NATO and considered an offer by
Serbia to form an alliance. Gennady Seleznyov, speaker of
parliament, said that a proposal was discussed to aim Russia's
nuclear weapons at NATO countries.
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.A1)(SFC, 4/10/99, p.A13)
1999 Apr 9, In Sri Lanka
investigators found 16 human skeletons buried in the Durayappa
Stadium in Jaffna where it was alleged that hundreds of ethnic
Tamils were buried.
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.C14)
2000 Apr 9, Vijay Singh of Fiji
won the Masters Golf Tournament closing with a 3-under 69 for a
three-stroke victory over Ernie Els.
(WSJ, 4/10/00, p.A24)(AP, 4/9/01)
2000 Apr 9, Some 10-30 thousand
protesters began gathering in Washington DC for the meeting of the
WTO. They planned to target the World Bank and the IMF. The World
Bank’s 181 members accessed some $30 billion annually in loans
through 5 institutions: The Int’l. Bank for Reconstruction and
Development (IBRD), the Int’l. Development Assoc. (IDA), the Int’l.
Finance Corp. (IFC), the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
(MIGA) and the Int’l. Center for settlement of Investment Disputes
(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.A12)
2000 Apr 9, In Bolivia
thousands of Aymara Indian farmers clashed with soldiers in
Achacachi and Batallas. The clashes over economic problems left 3
soldiers and 2 farmers dead.
(SFC, 4/10/00, p.A16)
2000 Apr 9, In Bosnia the
moderate Social Democratic party claimed victory in 20 cities of the
Muslim-Croat Federation. In the Serb Republic the Serbian Democratic
Party won 56.5% of the vote.
(SFC, 4/10/00, p.A14)
2000 Apr 9, In Georgia Pres.
Eduard Shevardnadze won re-election with some 82% of the vote.
Dzhumber Patiashvili, ex-Communist leader, trailed with 17% and
charged that there was widespread vote rigging.
(SFC, 4/10/00, p.A16)
2000 Apr 9, In Greece Premier
Costas Simitis declared a narrow victory over the New Democracy
(SFC, 4/10/00, p.A14)
2000 Apr 9, North and South
Korea agreed to a summit meeting in June.
(SFC, 4/10/00, p.A1)
2000 Apr 9, In Peru Pres.
Fujimori led Alejandro Toledo with 48% of the vote and a runoff was
(SFC, 4/10/00, p.A1)
2001 Apr 9, President George W.
Bush sent Congress details of his $1.96 trillion budget for fiscal
2002, in which he targeted scores of federal programs to make room
for his 10-year, $1.6 trillion tax cut.
2001 Apr 9, The WSJ noted that
his was the 10th time since WW II that the S&P 500 dropped by
20% or more. 9 of the previous occasions showed an average gain of
18% a year later. In 1973, however, stocks fell an additional 35%.
(WSJ, 4/9/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 9, The Nasdaq 4,880
stocks completed pricings to dollars and cents instead of fractions.
(WSJ, 4/9/01, p.C9)
2001 Apr 9, American Airlines
completed the acquisition of bankrupt Trans World Airlines (TWA) and
became the world’s largest air carrier.
(SFC, 4/10/01, p.C4)(AP, 4/9/02)
2001 Apr 9, Willie Stargell
(b.1940), baseball Hall-of-Famer (1987) died in Wilmington, N.C., at
(AP, 4/9/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.108)
2001 Apr 9, In Burundi
villagers were caught in crossfire fighting between the army and
Hutu rebels. 11-30 people were killed and thousands were forced to
flee their homes.
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.C2)
2001 Apr 9, In Kosovo a British
helicopter crashed near the Macedonia border and 2 people were
killed with 5 injured.
(SFC, 4/10/01, p.A11)
2001 Apr 9, In Pakistan
hundreds of thousands of radical Muslims, followers of the Deoband
Dar-ul-Uloom brand of Islam, gathered for a rally in Peshawar.
(SFC, 4/10/01, p.A12)
2001 Apr 9, In Zimbabwe riot
police clashed with university students and one was killed with 30
injured. The students protested “sugar daddies" who pursued
impoverished female students.
(WSJ, 4/10/01, p.A1)
2002 Apr 9, Sec. of State Colin
Powell met with Pres. Mubarek in Egypt and stated that he would meet
with Yasser Arafat. Some 10,000 demonstrated in Alexandria and one
protester was killed by police.
(SFC, 4/10/02, p.A18)(SFC, 4/17/02, p.A14)
2002 Apr 9, Former Arthur
Andersen auditor David B. Duncan pleaded guilty in federal court in
Houston to ordering the shredding of Enron documents, and agreed to
cooperate with prosecutors. Duncan later withdrew his plea.
2002 Apr 9, Lynne Stewart,
lawyer for Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman (in prison for seditious
conspiracy), and 3 of Rahman’s followers were indicted for violating
federal restrictions and passing covert messages. [see 1995]
(SFC, 4/10/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 9, Figure skater
Michelle Kwan won the 2001 Sullivan Award as the nation’s top
2002 Apr 9, The WSJ redesigned
the front page for the 1st time since 1942.
(WSJ, 4/9/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 9, In Dover Township,
New Jersey, Edward Lutes, a former police officer, killed 5 of his
neighbors and wounded 2 others. He wounded his boss in Barnegat
Township and then shot and killed himself.
(SFC, 4/10/02, p.A5)(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A5)
2002 Apr 9, Amnesty Int’l.
reported that at least 3,048 people were executed in 31 countries in
2001. China accounted for at least 1,781. 90% of the executed were
from China, Iran, Saudi Arabia and the US.
(SFC, 4/10/02, p.A12)
2002 Apr 9, In Afghanistan some
20 thousand refugees, attempting to return from Pakistan refugee
camps, were blocked by poppy growers. Rival warlords hindered the
return of another 2 million.
(SFC, 4/10/02, p.A9)
2002 Apr 9, In Colombia a bomb
killed 2 policemen near Bogota.
(WSJ, 4/10/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 9, The 12 day Israeli
offensive continued and dozens of Palestinians were reported dead in
the fiercest fighting to date. An explosion in the Jenin refugee
camp killed 13 Israeli soldiers. PM Sharon declared Israel to be in
a struggle for survival.
(SFC, 4/10/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/10/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 9, In Mexico the
Senate voted 71-41 to deny Pres. Fox permission to travel to the US
and Canada next week. They wanted him to spend more time on domestic
(SFC, 4/10/02, p.A14)
2002 Apr 9, The 1-million
member Workers Confederation planned a strike to support protesting
oil executives of Petroleos de Venezuela, who were protesting
tightening controls by Pres. Chavez. Later reports indicated US cash
was used to support strike plans.
(SSFC, 4/7/02, p.A8)(SFC, 4/25/02, p.A9)
2003 Apr 9, In the 22nd day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US commanders declared Saddam Hussein's rule
over Baghdad over and jubilant crowds swarmed into the streets here,
dancing, looting, cheering and bringing down images of the Iraqi
leader. No more than 150 Iraqis gathered in Farbus Square to watch
American Marines, not Iraqis, pull down a statue of Hussein.
(AP, 4/9/03)(SFC, 4/10/03, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/03)
2003 Apr 9, The US said it will
move its main military base in South Korea out of the capital as
soon as possible.
2003 Apr 9, James Smith (59), a
senior FBI counterintelligence agent, was arrested in LA along with
Katrina Leung (49), prominent venture capitalist, for the alleged
theft and transfer of a classified defense document to the Chinese
government. In 2004 Smith pleaded guilty failing to disclose his
2-year sexual relationship with Leung.
(SFC, 4/10/03, p.A9)(NW, 4/21/03, p.6)(SFC,
2003 Apr 9, A large shipment of
African rodents, including Gambian rats, dormice and sun squirrels,
arrived in Dallas aboard a commercial flight from Ghana. An
"unusually large number of sick and dead animals." Some of the
larger animals had consumed the smaller ones. African rodents
imported as pets caused a monkeypox outbreak in the Midwest that
sickened dozens of adults and children with a virus related to
2003 Apr 9, China closed the
People's Armed Police Hospital in Beijing due to SARS.
(SFC, 4/26/03, A3)
2003 Apr 9, The European
Union's parliament ratified a historic expansion, making it nearly
certain that 10 mostly eastern European countries will join the bloc
2003 Apr 9, Israeli forces in
the Gaza Strip killed 5 Palestinians following rocket fire on
(SFC, 4/10/03, p.A10)
2003 Apr 9, In Geneva
inventions from around the planet were presented during the world's
largest inventions fair.
(AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 4/10/03, p.A2)
2003 Apr 9, Abraham Zabludovsky
(78), Polish-born Mexican architect, died. His projects included the
Rufino Tamayo Museum in Mexico City.
(SFC, 4/11/03, p.A28)
2004 Apr 9, Sein Lwin (81), who
served briefly as Myanmar's president in 1988, died.
2004 Apr 9, US forces partially
reoccupied Kut, the southern city seized by a rebellious Shiite
militia, but an American-declared halt in Fallujah was undercut by
bursts of gunfire on the first anniversary of the fall of Baghdad. 2
soldiers and a Marine died in separate incidents. Rebels attacked a
convoy near Baghdad's airport and kidnapped 2 US soldiers and 7
construction employees of Halliburton subsidiary KBR. 4 bodies were
found in the area a few days later. The body of civilian truck
driver William Bradley was found in January 2005; Thomas Hamill
escaped his captors in May 2004; Timothy Bell remains unaccounted
for. Army reservist Staff Sgt. Matt Maupin (20) of Batavia, Ohio,
was captured when his fuel convoy, part of the 724th Transportation
Co., was ambushed west of Baghdad. Maupin's remains were found in
March on the outskirts of Baghdad, about 12 miles from where the
convoy was ambushed.
(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A22)(SFC, 4/13/04, p.A1)(SFC,
4/14/04, p.A15)(AP, 4/9/05)(AP, 6/17/06)(WSJ, 4/28/08, p.A2)
2004 Apr 9, In Nepal police
detained more than a thousand protesters for defying a ban on public
rallies, as an estimated 25,000 demonstrators flooded the streets of
the Katmandu to demand that the king restore democracy.
2004 Apr 9, Rival Tamil Tiger
guerrilla factions fought with mortars and guns, in a battle that
killed at least nine people, wounded 20.
2004 Apr 9, Investigators in
the Ukraine reported that the bodies of at least 50 people believed
to have been killed by Nazi troops have been unearthed from a mass
grave in the Crimean peninsula, 550 miles southeast of Kiev.
2005 Apr 9, Andrea Dworkin
(58), feminist author, died in Washington.
2005 Apr 9, The International
Monetary Fund (IMF) forecast the Bangladesh economy would grow at a
modest 5.2 percent in the 2004-2005 financial year despite floods
and high oil and commodity prices.
2005 Apr 9, Chinese PM Wen
Jiabao arrived in Bangalore on the last leg of a 4 nation South Asia
tour for talks with Indian leaders expected to boost trade and
2005 Apr 9, Czech PM Stanislav
Gross said he would resign and make way for a new coalition
government because of a scandal surrounding the financing of his
2005 Apr 9, Prince Charles and
Camilla Parker Bowles were married in a modest civil ceremony at the
17th century Guildhall, and the second marriage for each was blessed
by the Church of England.
2005 Apr 9, Haitian police shot
and killed Remissainthe Ravix, a prominent rebel leader, who helped
force former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide into exile last year.
2005 Apr 9-2005 Apr 10, In
India at least 58 Hindu pilgrims were drowned overnight during a
ritual bathing when the gates of a dam several kilometers upriver
were opened by officials unaware of the religious festival on the
Narmada River in Madhya Pradesh state.
2005 Apr 9, Tens of thousands
of Shiites marked the anniversary of the fall of Baghdad with a
protest against the American military presence at the square where
Iraqis and U.S. troops toppled a statue of Saddam Hussein two years
2005 Apr 9, Militants in Iraq
kidnapped Malik Mohammed Javed, a Pakistani diplomat, on his way to
a mosque for prayers. The Omar bin Khattab group, a previously
unknown group, claimed responsibility for the abduction.
2005 Apr 9, Israeli border
troops shot and killed 3 Palestinian youths in a southern Gaza Strip
refugee camp in violence that ended weeks of calm.
(AP, 4/9/05)(SSFC, 4/10/05, p.A5)
2005 Apr 9, In Nepal 2 Russian
tourists were injured, two Nepali citizens were killed and 13 others
wounded in separate bombings by Maoist rebels.
2005 Apr 9, In South Africa the
federal council of the New National Party, the successor to the
National Party that led apartheid, overwhelmingly approved the
party's dissolution at a meeting in Johannesburg. The National
Party, which came to power in 1948, presided over 48 years of
systematic and often brutal oppression of the country's black
majority, who were denied the right to vote or to mix with whites.
2005 Apr 9, A day after the
funeral for Pope John Paul II, cardinals began an intense period of
silence and prayer before their conclave to choose the next pope.
2006 Apr 9, The White House
sought to dampen the idea of a military strike on Iran, saying the
United States was conducting “normal defense and intelligence
planning" in response to Tehran’s nuclear ambitions.
2006 Apr 9, More than half a
million people in 10 US states rallied for immigrant rights.
2006 Apr 9, In Afghan 2 bombs
exploded within minutes of each other in Kandahar, wounding 11
2006 Apr 9, In Austria a
gathering of Imams and Islamic leaders urged European governments to
launch affirmative action-style programs and streamline citizenship
paths to help ease integration for the continent's 33 million
2006 Apr 9, Paulo Mendes da
Rocha, Brazilian architect, was named winner of the 2006 Pritzker
Architecture Prize. His work included the Brazilian Sculpture Museum
in Sao Paulo.
(SFC, 4/10/06, p.A2)
2006 Apr 9, Croatia’s Pres.
Stjepan Mesic visited the SF Bay Area, home to some 50,000
Croatians, for economic support. Croatia’s population stood at about
4.5 million people.
(SFC, 4/10/06, p.A2)
2006 Apr 9, Hungary's ruling
Socialists appeared to hold a narrow lead in the first round of
2006 Apr 9, A Beauty pageant
was held in a Baghdad social club and the initial winner, Tamar
Goregian, gave back the crown four days later. Silva Shahakian, an
Iraqi Christian, received the title of Miss Iraq when the initial
winner stepped down after receiving death threats and two other
runners-up also bowed out. Shahakian soon went into hiding.
2006 Apr 9, Five roadside bombs
killed at least three people in Iraq, the three-year anniversary of
the Baghdad's fall to US forces. American troops killed eight
suspected insurgents during a raid north of Baghdad.
2006 Apr 9, Israel's security
Cabinet recommended that the government cut all ties with the
Hamas-led Palestinian Authority, including Palestinian President
Mahmoud Abbas, and declare it a "hostile entity." Israeli artillery
fire killed a Palestinian police officer and wounded 16 people in
Gaza, as Israel escalated its retaliation for militant rocket
strikes and put pressure on the new Hamas-led government that
refuses to stop the attacks.
2006 Apr 9-2006 Apr 10, Italy
held parliamentary elections. Conservative Premier Silvio Berlusconi
faced a strong challenge from his center-left opponent Romano Prodi
in a bitter campaign marked by disenchantment over Italy's stagnant
(AP, 4/9/06)(Econ, 4/8/06, p.28)
2006 Apr 9, A capsule carrying
a Russian, American and Brazilian landed in Kazakhstan following a
weeklong trip to the Int’l. Space Station.
(SSFC, 4/9/06, p.A3)
2006 Apr 9, In Nepal security
forces fired at anti-monarchy demonstrators in eastern Nepal,
killing at least one man.
2006 Apr 9, In Pakistan
provincial police chief Chaudhry Mohammad Yaqub said "The federal
government has declared Baluchistan Liberation Army (BLA) as
terrorist organization over its involvement in sabotage and
2006 Apr 9, In Pakistan at
least 29 women and children were suffocated or crushed to death in a
stampede at a religious gathering in southern Pakistan. More than 70
people were injured.
2006 Apr 9, Peruvians faced a
close, three-way presidential contest that put their Andean nation
on a leftist track akin to Venezuela and Bolivia. Ollanta Humala
(43), a former army officer, won with only 31% of the vote.
(AP, 4/9/06)(Econ, 4/15/06, p.42)
2006 Apr 9, A Swiss
investigator has issued an international arrest warrant for Iran's
former intelligence chief in the killing of an exiled Iranian
opposition leader. It demands the arrest of Ali Fallahian,
intelligence minister from 1989-1997, on grounds he "decided and
ordered the execution of Kazem Rajavi." Rajavi was shot to death in
Geneva in 1990.
2007 Apr 9, President Bush
visited the US-Mexico border to tout a guest worker program for
2007 Apr 9, Don Imus,
nationally syndicated shock jock, was suspended for 2 weeks by CBS
Radio and MSNBC due to his calling members of the Rutgers Univ.
women’s basketball team “nappy-headed ho’s." On April 11 NBC News
decided to fire him; CBS followed the next day.
(SFC, 4/10/07, p.A1)(SFC, 4/12/07, p.A1)
2007 Apr 9, Suspected Taliban
militants ambushed an Afghan army convoy with rocket propelled
grenades in southern Afghanistan, killing two soldiers and wounding
up to 14. Suspected Taliban attacked a police vehicle north of
Kandahar city, leaving a policeman dead.
2007 Apr 9, Thousands of
teachers walked out of public schools across Argentina in a daylong
strike to demand higher pay and justice for a slain colleague.
2007 Apr 9, Britain's
government beat a hasty retreat under withering criticism for
allowing sailors and marines to be paid large sums for their stories
about captivity in Iran.
2007 Apr 9, East Timor held
elections. A Nobel laureate squared off with two rivals in
presidential elections that could test East Timor's fragile calm a
year after one of the world's youngest and poorest nations reached
the brink of civil war.
2007 Apr 9, An Ethiopian judge
freed 25 journalists charged in a treason trial involving more than
100 opposition figures that has drawn international criticism as
being politically motivated.
2007 Apr 9, State press
reported that China's farmland is becoming increasingly polluted,
with coal-dependent factories and polluted waterways causing
billions of dollars in damages.
2007 Apr 9, China urged Sudan
to be more flexible on a plan put forward by former UN chief Kofi
Annan to bolster peacekeeping operations in the war-torn western
region of Darfur.
2007 Apr 9, Iran announced that
it has begun enriching uranium with 3,000 centrifuges, dramatically
expanding a program that the UN has demanded it halt. An Iranian
Revolutionary Guard general visited Russia despite a UN travel ban
over Tehran nuclear defiance. Russia denied any violation.
(AP, 4/9/07)(WSJ, 4/10/07, p.A1)
2007 Apr 9, Tens of thousands
draped themselves in Iraqi flags and marched peacefully through the
streets from Kufa to Najaf to mark the fourth anniversary of
Baghdad's fall. Demonstrators were flanked by two cordons of police
as they called for US forces to leave, shouting "Get out, get out
occupier!" In southern Baghdad, a sniper killed a civilian and a
policeman, and a mortar round killed one person and wounded two
others. A total of 25 people were killed or found dead across Iraq.
4 US soldiers were killed, 3 by a roadside bomb and a secondary
explosion in southeastern Baghdad and another in combat in western
(AP, 4/9/07)(AP, 4/10/07)
2007 Apr 9, Japan lent some 850
million dollars to PM Nuri al-Maliki's government as the oil-hungry
Asian power looked to boost output from the war-torn country. Iraqi
PM Nouri al-Maliki met with Japan's Emperor Akihito and Empress
Michiko, starting off a four-day visit that was delayed after Iran
refused to allow his plane to fly over its airspace.
2007 Apr 9, Pakistan’s army
announced that the Talibs had cleared foreigners from South
(Econ, 4/14/07, p.43)
2007 Apr 9, Puerto Rico seven
inmates, convicted of homicides, escaped from prison using
2007 Apr 9, Two Russian
cosmonauts and US billionaire Charles Simony bringing a gourmet meal
arrived at the international space station, to a warm welcome from
2007 Apr 9, Officials said the
yearly salaries of Singapore's well-paid government ministers are
headed higher, by 60 percent to more than $1.25 million by the end
of 2008. Premier Lee Hsein Lloong will now make $2.1 million a year.
(AP, 4/9/07)(WSJ, 4/10/07, p.A1)
2007 Apr 9, A Sudanese army
spokesman said 17 Sudanese soldiers were killed in clashes with
Chadian troops inside Sudanese territory.
2007 Apr 9, In an Easter
message pinned to church bulletin boards around the country,
Zimbabwe's Roman Catholic bishops called on President Robert Mugabe
to leave office or face "open revolt" from those suffering under his
2008 Apr 9, In Washington US
commander Gen. David Petraeus called for an open-ended suspension of
US troop withdrawals this summer because of concern over the renewed
2008 Apr 9, The California
Supreme Court rejected San Francisco’s appeal of a lower court
ruling that limited its ability regulate handguns as approved by
voters in 2005.
(SFC, 4/10/08, p.B1)
2008 Apr 9, In SF officials
rerouted the rout of the Beijing Olympic torch at the last minute
avoiding most protestors and spectators.
(SFC, 4/10/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 9, In Afghanistan
international forces' warplanes dropped bombs on a group of Taliban
militants traveling by motorcycle overnight, killing 3 insurgents in
2008 Apr 9, State media said
China will ban smoking on school campuses as part of an effort to
cut down on tobacco use before the Olympics.
2008 Apr 9, In Haiti a
desperate appeal from Pres. Preval failed to restore order to
Port-au-Prince, and bands of looters sacked stores, warehouses and
2008 Apr 9, Oasis Hong Kong
Airlines cancelled all flights and went into liquidation as a result
of high fuel costs.
(SFC, 4/10/08, p.C4)
2008 Apr 9, Iraq’s PM Nouri
al-Maliki told Pres. Bush during a 20-minute telephone conversation
that Iraqi security forces are capable of carrying out their duties
and US troops should be pulled out as the situation permits. 23
people, including 3 children, died in Baghdad's Sadr City as clashes
between security forces and Shiite militiamen continued on the fifth
anniversary of the fall of Baghdad. 2 US soldiers died from
non-combat related injuries. 3 US soldiers died in a roadside
bombings in Baghdad.
(AP, 4/9/08)(AP, 4/10/08)(SFC, 4/10/08, p.A3)
2008 Apr 9, Japanese lawmakers
approved Masaaki Shirakawa as the new central bank chief, ending a
power vacuum that had left the nation's top economic job vacant for
weeks with global markets in disarray.
2008 Apr 9, Nepal was hit by
fresh violence, the eve of a landmark vote to decide the
impoverished country's political destiny and scrap the monarchy.
2008 Apr 9, In Pakistan a
street fight between pro- and anti-government attorneys broke out in
Karachi leaving 7 people dead.
(SFC, 4/10/08, p.A9)
2008 Apr 9, Palestinian
militants crossed into southern Israel and killed two Israeli
civilians in a surprise attack before fleeing back to the Gaza
Strip. At least one of the militants who attacked the Israeli
terminal delivering fuel to the Gaza Strip was killed. Israel sent
tanks, troops and aircraft into the Palestinian territory after the
raid, killing at least 8 Palestinians, including 3 civilians, and
warned that more reprisals could be coming.
(AP, 4/9/08)(AP, 4/10/08)
2008 Apr 9, In Peru 5 French
tourists visiting the Nazca lines were killed when their small plane
crashed after becoming tangled in power lines.
2008 Apr 9, Singapore's Media
Development Authority, which regulates and censors media and the
arts, said it fined StarHub S$10,000 (3,675 pounds) for airing a
commercial for a song that featured "romanticized scenes" of
lesbians kissing and portrayed the relationship as "acceptable."
2008 Apr 9, The conservative
party of South Korea's new president won an overall majority in
parliamentary elections, according to TV exit polls, giving him the
power to push through sweeping economic reforms. The GNP won 153
seats in the 299-member legislature.
(AP, 4/9/08)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.50)
2008 Apr 9, Spanish astronomers
announced the discovery of "GJ 436T," the smallest planet discovered
to date outside the solar system, located 30 light years from earth.
2008 Apr 9, In Sudan gunmen
attacked police from the African Union and UN peacekeeping force
(UNAMID) in Darfur for the first time, pistol whipping one officer
in the back of the neck. UNAMID police do not carry weapons and this
particular patrol was on duty without protection.
2008 Apr 9, Thai police dropped
charges against Viktor Bout (41), a Russian man accused of being one
of the world's most prolific black market arms dealers, saying they
will proceed with hearings to extradite him to the United States.
2008 Apr 9, President Hugo
Chavez's government said it will nationalize Sidor, Venezuela's
largest steel maker, bringing one more key industry under state
control in its drive toward a socialist economy.
2008 Apr 9, President Hugo
Chavez's government said it will nationalize Sidor, Venezuela's
largest steel maker and a unit of Ternium SA, bringing one more key
industry under state control in its drive toward a socialist
economy. Ternium, based in Luxembourg, was controlled by Argentine
(AP, 4/9/08)(SFC, 4/10/08, p.A9)
2008 Apr 9, International calls
for Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe to release long-delayed results from a
presidential vote mounted as ruling party militants continued to
overrun white-owned farms and the opposition accused the government
of waging a campaign of violence.
2009 Apr 9, Pres. Obama
submitted an $83.4 billion funding request to Congress, including
$80 million to close Guantanamo, as lawmakers were on break over the
2009 Apr 9, FBI hostage
negotiators joined US Navy efforts to free an American ship captain
held captive on a lifeboat by Somali pirates. A US destroyer and a
spy plane kept close watch in the high-seas standoff near the Horn
of Africa. Capt. Richard Phillips made a desperate escape attempt
but was recaptured.
(AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 4/10/09)
2009 Apr 9, The SEC charged
Atlanta attorney Robert P. Copeland (48) for running a Ponzi scheme
from about 2004-2009. He was alleged to have raised over $35 million
from at least 140 investors and owed over $28 million to the
2009 Apr 9, Vandals in the San
Jose, and San Carlos, Ca., chopped fiber optic cables disrupting
service for hundreds of thousands of people in Santa Clara, Santa
Cruz and San Benito counties.
(SFC, 4/10/09, p.A1)
2009 Apr 9, In Mena, Arkansas,
a tornado struck a "direct hit" on this mountain community, killing
at least three people, injuring at least 30 others and flattening
homes and businesses.
2009 Apr 9, In Fullerton, Ca.,
Los Angeles Angels pitcher Nick Adenhart (22) was killed along with
2 others in a car accident with a suspected drunk driver.
(SFC, 4/10/09, p.C1)
2009 Apr 9, Dave Arneson (61),
co-creator of the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy game (1974) and a
pioneer of role-playing entertainment, died after a two-year battle
(AP, 4/10/09)(SFC, 4/11/09, p.B3)
2009 Apr 9, In southern
Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a police drug eradication
unit, killing five people and wounding 17 others. The Taliban
claimed responsibility. Four people were shot dead in the raid
overnight in eastern Khost province. The US military later admitted
that they were not "armed combatants" as first announced. A
nine-months pregnant woman had survived the shooting that killed her
unborn child. US soldiers working with Afghan forces killed 15
militants in southern Afghanistan. Afghan and coalition forces
killed five "combatants" in Kandahar province's Maywand district. A
dozen more insurgents were killed in adjoining Uruzgan province
after another attack on an Afghan and coalition patrol.
(AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 4/10/09)(AFP, 4/10/09)
2009 Apr 9, Algerians voted in
a presidential election that is expected to give the incumbent
Abdelaziz Bouteflika another five years to try to quell terrorism
and reform the North African country's lackluster economy, which is
heavily dependent on oil and gas. President Abdelaziz Bouteflika won
90.24% of the vote.
(AP, 4/9/09)(Reuters, 4/10/09)
2009 Apr 9, Amnesty
International said immigrants and ethnic minorities living in
Austria are more likely to be suspected of crimes than whites and
are regularly denied their right to equal treatment by the country's
police and judicial system.
2009 Apr 9, In southern
Bangladesh 2 speeding passenger buses crashed into each other,
killing at least 11 people and injuring another 50.
2009 Apr 9, Bob Quick, Scotland
Yard's Assistant Commissioner and Britain's most senior
counter-terrorism officer, quit after his security blunder forced
police to bring forward a major operation to thwart a suspected al
Qaeda plot involving Pakistani nationals.
2009 Apr 9, A Chinese court
executed two men from a Muslim minority group for killing 17 police
in an attack in China's far west that the government portrayed as an
attempt to sabotage the Beijing Olympics.
2009 Apr 9, A top human rights
group said in a report that at least 90 women have been raped and
180 villagers killed over the past two months by rebels as well as
government forces in volatile eastern Congo.
2009 Apr 9, Czech Pres. Vaclav
Klaus appointed nonpartisan Jan Fischer (58) as prime minister. He
will replace Mirek Topolanek on May 9.
(WSJ, 4/10/09, p.A8)
2009 Apr 9, A court in
coup-plagued Fiji declared the military government illegal and said
the president should immediately appoint an interim leader to
oversee a return to democracy.
2009 Apr 9, French lawmakers
rejected a tough new Internet piracy bill that would cut off illegal
downloaders, in a surprise setback for President Nicolas Sarkozy's
2009 Apr 9, In Georgia tens of
thousands of protesters thronged the streets in front of the
parliament, calling on Pres. Mikhail Saakashvili to step down in the
largest opposition demonstration since last year's war with Russia.
2009 Apr 9, Guatemala banned
more than one person from riding on motorcycles in a policy aimed at
stamping out attacks by cycle-mounted hit men.
2009 Apr 9, A prominent Indian
comedian took aim at the country's notoriously corrupt political
elite by starting up his own party with promises to bribe as many
voters as possible. Jaspal Bhatti, known for his biting satire on
Indian TV shows, unveiled his new party and field of candidates,
saying he hoped to give the big parties a run for their dirty money.
2009 Apr 9, Indonesians flooded
polling stations across the sprawling island nation, capping a
decade of democracy in a parliamentary election that boosted the
reform-minded president's chances of re-election. Pres. Yudhoyono’s
party won 20.8% of the popular vote. Nine parties appeared to have
passed the 2.5% threshold to win seats in the 560-member parliament.
(AP, 4/9/09)(SFC, 4/10/09, p.A2)(Econ, 4/18/09,
2009 Apr 9, Iran's president
inaugurated a new facility producing uranium fuel for a planned
heavy-water nuclear reactor. Pres. Ahmadinejad was attending
celebrations in Isfahan for Iran's National Day of Nuclear
Technology, which marks the day in 2006 when Iran enriched uranium
for the first time. Iran has been building the 40-megawatt
hard-water reactor in the central town of Arak for the past four
2009 Apr 9, In Iraq tens of
thousands of supporters of an anti-US Shiite cleric demanded an end
to the US military presence and burned effigy of ex-President George
W. Bush in a rally marking the sixth anniversary of the fall of
Baghdad to American forces. Police raided a cartoon exhibition in
the Shiite city of Karbala and seized a drawing depicting PM Nouri
al-Maliki with a long nose trying to repair a car labeled "sectarian
distribution of jobs." On Apr 12 a parliamentary committee
criticized police for raiding the exhibition.
(AP, 4/9/09)(AP, 4/12/09)
2009 Apr 9, Mexico City turned
off the tap to millions of residents because water reserves have
reached historic lows. The two-day shutdown of a main pipeline
affected at least 5 million of the 20 million people in the Mexico
2009 Apr 9, In Mexico a former
Guatemalan soldier, who allegedly procured weapons for a drug
cartel, was killed in a gunfight with federal police. Israel Nava
and two other gunmen were killed in northern Zacatecas state. Eight
police were wounded. Nava was a former member of the "kaibiles,"
Guatemalan soldiers trained in counterinsurgency. Mexico first
warned in 2005 that the Zetas were recruiting kaibiles.
2009 Apr 9, A Niger government
minister said Tuareg rebels have agreed to lay down their arms and
join a peace process in the desert West African nation.
2009 Apr 9, Nigeria's Central
Bank cut its benchmark lending rate to 8% from 9.75% and announced
measures aimed at boosting liquidity in the market.
2009 Apr 9, Kim Jong Il laid to
rest speculation about his health with a triumphant return to
parliament for his appointment to a third term as North Korea's
supreme leader. Legislators unanimously adopted a law "on revising
and supplementing the Socialist Constitution of the DPRK (North
Korea)" but gave no details.
(AP, 4/9/09)(AFP, 4/9/09)
2009 Apr 9, In Pakistan the
remains 3 politicians were discovered in Baluchistan province, six
days after they were reportedly abducted by armed men. They were
identified as the head of the Baluchistan National Party (BNP),
Ghulam Mohammad Baloch, his deputy Lala Munir Baloch, and Sher
Mohammad, deputy secretary general of the Baluchistan Republican
Party (BRP). Baloch played "an active role" in seeking the April 4
release of John Solecki, the UN refugee agency staffer. Rioting
students set fire to two banks in another southwestern town. One
policeman was killed and several others injured during the violent
(AP, 4/10/09)(AFP, 4/11/09)
2009 Apr 9, In Peru suspected
guerrillas killed 13 Peruvian soldiers in ambushes on two patrols in
the Apurimac-Ene river valley, a jungle region known for coca
production and lingering rebel activity. The body of a 14th soldier
was recovered on April 12.
(AP, 4/11/09)(SFC, 4/14/09, p.A2)
2009 Apr 9, In South Africa an
armed mob invaded a major land reform project in the eastern
Mpumalanga province. The invaders were unhappy with the progress of
the project, despite warnings that it would take up to three years
before a return from what had been badly neglected farms.
2009 Apr 9, Sri Lanka’s defense
ministry said at least 10 Tiger rebels were killed in overnight
fighting in Mullaittivu district, and accused the rebels of
positioning their heavy weapons near civilian shelters. The
pro-Tamil Tiger website Tamilnet.com said heavy shelling by the Sri
Lankan army of a designated safe area had left 129 civilians dead
and 282 wounded.
2010 Apr 9, US Supreme Court
Justice John Paul Stevens said he will step down when the court
finishes its work for the summer in late June or early July.
2010 Apr 9, Meinhardt Raabe
(94), who played the Munchkin coroner in "The Wizard of Oz" (1938)
and proclaimed in the movie that the Wicked Witch of the East was
"really most sincerely dead," died in Florida. He was about 3 1/2
feet tall when the movie was made but eventually grew to about 4 1/2
feet. He toured the country for 30 years in the Oscar Mayer
Weinermobile, promoting hot dogs as "Little Oscar, the World's
2010 Apr 9, In Afghanistan a
roadside bomb struck a small bus in the Kushki Kuhna district of the
western province of Herat, killing three civilians and wounding
five. An international patrol discovered 2,500 pounds (1,130 kg) of
marijuana seeds in a vacant residential compound in Helmand's Reg
district. NATO said the seeds would be destroyed as part of efforts
to cut funding for insurgents from the drug trade.
2010 Apr 9, Australia suspended
refugee applications from Afghans for 6 months and 3 months for Sri
Lankans, citing improved conditions in those countries. Human rights
advocates expressed concern about the move and an immigrant group
(AP, 4/9/10)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.47)
2010 Apr 9, Antanas Mockus,
Colombian presidential candidate and popular former mayor of Bogota,
revealed that he has been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. Mockus
said he is in the earlier stages of the degenerative disease and it
would not affect his ability to be president.
2010 Apr 9, In Congo 7
Congolese and one Swiss national, staff members of the Red Cross,
were seized near the town of Fizi in South Kivu province by the Mai
Mai Yakutumba rebels. The workers were released on April 16.
(AP, 4/13/10)(AP, 4/16/10)
2010 Apr 9, In Ethiopia
Communications Minister Bereket Simon announced that leaders of the
United Western Somali Liberation Front (UWSLF), a rebel group in the
southeastern Somali region, has agreed to lay down arms after
decades of guerrilla war.
2010 Apr 9, In Germany
delegates from 175 countries began a 3-day meeting in Bonn on a new
global warming agreement.
2010 Apr 9, France and Italy
agreed to cooperate more closely to increase nuclear power
generation and vowed to come to the aid of debt-laden Greece in
order to defend the euro.
2010 Apr 9, In Ingushetia a
female suicide bomber killed herself after shooting dead a policeman
in Ekazhevo. 3 other militants were killed in Ekazhevo in gunfights
2010 Apr 9, Iran unveiled a
third generation of domestically built centrifuges as the country
pushes ahead with plans to accelerate a uranium enrichment program
that has alarmed world powers fearful of the nuclear program's aims.
2010 Apr 9, In central Mexico
police found the bodies of two men hanging from a bridge in the city
of Cuernavaca, Morelos state, along with a message claiming that
federal authorities are protecting an alleged drug kingpin. A late
night attacker threw an explosive device over the wall around the US
consulate in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, breaking windows and
startling employees inside but causing no injuries.
2010 Apr 9, In the Netherlands
the Political Reformed Party, known by its Dutch acronym SGP, a
fundamentalist Christian political party led entirely by men, was
told by the Netherlands' Supreme Court that it must accept women in
2010 Apr 9, Nigerian gunmen
kidnapped three Syrian expatriates and one Lebanese worker near the
oil hub Port Harcourt. A police officer attached to the construction
firm was killed when gunmen launched the attack. The 4 kidnapped men
were released on April 12.
(AP, 4/9/10)(AFP, 4/14/10)
2010 Apr 9, Pakistani security
forces killed 29 militants in two troubled tribal regions near
Afghanistan, as troops pressed on with operations aimed at flushing
out insurgents who have threatened the state.
2010 Apr 9, In Somalia
witnesses said Islamists were seizing radio transmitters that let
the local population hear news programs from the British
Broadcasting Corporation. Al-Shabab said the BBC broadcasts
2010 Apr 9, Thai
anti-government protesters stormed into a telecom company compound
where authorities had shut down their vital TV channel, as soldiers
and riot police failed to hold them back with tear gas and water
2011 Apr 9, American film
director Sidney Lumet (86) died of Lymphoma. His films included “12
Angry Men" (1957), “Serpico" (1973), and “Before the Devil Knows
You’re Dead" (2007).
(SFC, 4/15/11, p.E2)
2011 Apr 9, In Las Vegas Elena
Caro (42) died after a botched buttocks enhancement surgery in the
back room of a tile business. Two Colombia nationals, Ruben Dario
Matallana-Galvas (55) and Carmen Olfidia Torres-Sanchez (47), were
soon arrested as they tried to board a plane to return home.
(SFC, 4/11/11, p.A4)
2011 Apr 9, In Bahrain 2
supporters of the anti-government movement died in police custody.
Human rights blogger Zakariya al-Asheri died under police custody.
He was detained in March after authorities imposed martial law to
quell Shiite-led protests against Sunni rulers. On Jan 11, 2012, two
police officers were charged with beating the blogger with a water
hose. Three others were charged with hiding the beatings from prison
(SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A4)(AP,
2011 Apr 9, Egypt’s military
stormed Tahrir Square to disperse some 2000 protesters. At least one
demonstrator was shot dead and 71 others injured.
(SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A7)
2011 Apr 9, Honduras' defense
minister said that the country's armed forces will join the police
for the first time in the fight against drug trafficking.
2011 Apr 9, Icelanders voted in
a referendum on whether the nation will repay Britain and the
Netherlands in full for compensating their citizens who had deposits
in Icesave, a failed online bank. Voters rejected the
government-backed deal, sending the dispute to an int’l. court.
(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)(SFC, 4/11/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 9, In northern Iraq an
American soldier died in a non-hostile incident.
2011 Apr 9, In Libya rebels
captured 15 Algerian mercenaries and killed another three during
fierce fighting in Ajdabiya. At least 12 rebels were killed in and
2011 Apr 9, In the Netherlands
Tristan van der Vlis (24), opened fire at the Ridderhof mall in
Alphen aan den Rijn with an automatic rifle killing 6 people and
wounded least 17 others. He fired more than 100 rounds in a few
minutes and ended the rampage by shooting himself fatally in the
(AP, 4/10/11)(AP, 4/11/11)
2011 Apr 9, Nigeria held
parliamentary elections. The ruling party lost key parliament seats
in the first of three crucial elections this month.
2011 Apr 9, In Northern Ireland
a 500-pound van bomb was diffused near the border town of Newry.
(SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A4)
2011 Apr 9, Syrian security
forces fired on a funeral for protesters in Daraa. Some 37 people
were killed around the country with most of the deaths in Daraa as
the death toll in 3 weeks of protests climbed to over 170.
(SSFC, 4/10/11, p.A7)
2011 Apr 9, In the UAR
activist, Fahad Salem al-Shehhy was detained in Ajman, a federation
emirate north of Dubai.
2011 Apr 9, In Yemen security
forces shot and wounded 30 people in Sanaa, while 80 others suffered
injuries from beatings with batons. At least one anti-regime
protester died following clashes, while three other people were
killed, including an intelligence officer and a soldier, in violence
in Abyan province. An intelligence officer was killed in a drive-by
shooting outside his home in the Loder area of Abyan. A soldier and
a militant were killed in a clash between security forces and
suspected Al-Qaeda fighters in Jaar, also in Abyan.
2012 Apr 9, Pres. Obama met
with Brazil’s Pres. Dilma Rouseff. She called on the US to invest
more in the world’s 6th biggest economy. Obama confirmed that the US
would recognize cachaca, a sugarcane spirit, as a distinct product,
no longer calling it Brazilian rum.
(SFC, 4/10/12, p.A5)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.48)
2012 Apr 9, In Minnesota a
mother who had dropped her toddler at a day care center in Brooklyn
Park, soon returned and found 3 adults shot dead inside. Her child
was not hurt.
(SFC, 4/10/12, p.A7)
2012 Apr 9, In Pennsylvania 2
firefighters were killed while battling a massive blaze in an
abandoned warehouse in Philadelphia.
(SFC, 4/10/12, p.A7)
2012 Apr 9, Best Buy CEO Brian
Dunn resigned. It was soon reported that he had misused company
funds while carrying out a relationship with a female subordinate.
The 28-year company veteran had been head of Best Buy, the nation's
largest consumer electronics chain, since 2009. Co-founder and board
chairman Richard M. Schulze resigned on May 14 after it was
disclosed that he had been aware of Dunn’s affair and did not report
it to the board.
(http://tinyurl.com/7ut6549)(SFC, 5/15/12, p.D3)
2012 Apr 9, In Bahrain jailed
activist Abdulhadi al-Khawaja was feared to have died after Bahraini
authorities turned down repeated requests to contact him. A blast
injured seven policemen and led to reprisals by Sunni mobs.
(AFP, 4/9/12)(AP, 4/11/12)
2012 Apr 9, Bruno Iksil, a
London-based JP Morgan Chase & Co trader of derivatives linked
to the financial health of corporations, was reported to have
amassed positions so large that he was driving price moves in the
$10-trillion market. Iksil lost the bank about $6 billion. In 2013
JP Morgan Chase was fined around $1 billion by various authorities
for failures related to trades by Iksil (aka the “London
(http://tinyurl.com/cdgofmx)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.84)
2012 Apr 9, China’s Supreme
People's Court clarified and tightened rules governing forced land
expropriations in a bid to "protect the public interest and
guarantee the legitimate rights and interests of expropriated home
2012 Apr 9, An Indian court
convicted 23 people over the “Ode massacre" of nearly two-dozen
Muslims during religious rioting in Gujarat state on March 1, 2002.
Another 23 people were acquitted for lack of evidence in the case.
Rioting at the time left more than 2,000 dead. On April 12 the court
sentenced 18 of the men to life imprisonment. Five other men were
handed seven-year jail terms.
(AFP, 4/9/12)(AFP, 4/12/12)
2012 Apr 9, Indonesia's only
province ruled by Islamic law went to the polls to elect its
powerful governor, testing a fragile peace following a 30-year war
by separatist rebels. Irwandi Yusuf (51), the incumbent who was
elected in December 2006, sought a second five-year term as governor
of Aceh. Challenger Zaini Abdullah (71) of the powerful Aceh Party
won 55% of the vote. Yusuf took 29%.
(AFP, 4/9/12)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.51)
2012 Apr 9, Japan’s Nikkei
business daily reported that Sony will cut 10,000 jobs worldwide
this year as it attempts to carry out sweeping reforms aimed at
reviving the iconic but loss-making Japanese electronics giant.
2012 Apr 9, Kyrgyzstan
authorities began testing members of the new anti-corruption agency
on live television in a bid to display an unusual level of
transparency in this corruption-riddled Central Asian nation.
2012 Apr 9, Libya's official
LANA news agency reported that interim authorities have stopped
paying bonuses to former rebels due to widespread fraud costing
millions of Libyan dinars.
2012 Apr 9, In Nigeria Boko
Haram gunmen killed a policeman, a civilian and a local politician
in coordinated attacks in Dikwa, Borno state. Three Boko Haram
terrorists were reportedly killed as others escaped with bullet
wounds. In the northeastern city of Potiskum, gunmen opened fire on
a policeman and his family, killing the policeman's 6-year-old
(AFP, 4/9/12)(AP, 4/9/12)
2012 Apr 9, In Pakistan gunmen
on a motorcycle opened fire on Shiite Muslims in Quetta killing 6
people in an apparent sectarian attack.
(SFC, 4/10/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 9, In Peru suspected
Shining Path gunmen seized 30 Skanska workers overnight but soon
freed 23 at the Kepashiato in the Camisea gas fields. The Swedish
construction company was building a natural gas plant in the Amazon
jungle. A rescue attempt soon left after left 8 soldiers and police
dead by rebels under the Quispe Palomino brothers, who led some 500
(AP, 4/9/12)(SFC, 5/30/12, p.A4)
2012 Apr 9, Russia's top
investigative body said it has dropped charges against a doctor
suspected of negligence in the case of Sergei Magnitsky, a prominent
lawyer who reported official corruption in Russia, then died in
custody in November, 2009, while suffering from untreated
2012 Apr 9, In Somalia a blast
rocked a vegetable market in Baidoa, the country’s third-largest
city, killing at least twelve people and wounding at least 30.
2012 Apr 9, In Spain four
people died in a fire that destroyed a makeshift hut in which they
were living in the northeastern city of Barcelona. Spanish National
Radio cited police at the scene as saying they were Romanians.
2012 Apr 9, Airlines cancelled
flights from Sudan to the newly independent South, after new rules
treating the route as international took effect.
2012 Apr 9, Syrian forces fired
across the border into a refugee camp in Turkey, wounding at least
five people. Lebanese journalist Ali Shaaban, who works as a
cameraman for Al Jadeed TV station, was shot and killed as he was
filming in the northern Wadi Khaled area on the Lebanese side of the
border. 12 members of the Syrian security forces were killed as
clashes ensued in several regions. Human Rights Watch said it has
documented the killings by Syrian forces of 85 civilians, including
women and children, and the summary executions of at least 16
wounded or captured opposition fighters. The Syrian rebel army said
it is ready to respect an April 10 truce brokered by UN-Arab League
envoy Kofi Annan if the regime of President Bashar al-Assad abides
by the peace deal.
(AP, 4/9/12)(AFP, 4/9/12)
2012 Apr 9, Tunisian police
fired tear gas to disperse a rally on Bourguiba Avenue in central
Tunis where demonstrations are banned. Hundreds of demonstrators,
marking Martyrs' Day (1938) and protesting against the ban imposed
on March 28, sought shelter in neighboring streets and shops. At
least 15 civilians and eight policemen were hurt. The journalists'
union called on its members to boycott Interior Minister Ali
Larayedh for a week over the crackdown.
(AFP, 4/9/12)(AFP, 4/10/12)
2012 Apr 9, Turkey's PM Erdogan
oversaw the signing of two nuclear agreements with China on a trip
to the Asian nation that also saw him make an unprecedented stop in
ethnically-tense Xinjiang. The two agreements paved the way for
deeper nuclear cooperation between the two countries, but few
concrete details were made available.
2012 Apr 9, In Yemen
Al-Qaida-linked militants staged a dawn attack on a government army
post in the south setting off clashes. At least 78 people were
killed in Lawder, Abyan province.
(AP, 4/9/12)(AFP, 4/10/12)
2013 Apr 9, Spelling whizzes
across the US learned that they will have to know the definitions of
some of the those tough words they've been memorizing in the
dictionary. For the first time, multiple-choice vocabulary tests
will be added to the annual Scripps National Spelling Bee.
2013 Apr 9, The San Francisco
Housing Authority commission voted unanimously to terminate the
contract of its chief, Henry Alvarez.
(SFC, 4/10/13, p.A1)
2013 Apr 9, In Illinois former
state Rep. Robin Kelly (D) won the special election for Jesse
Jackson Jr.’s vacated congressional seat.
(SFC, 4/10/13, p.A4)
2013 Apr 9, In Maine
Christopher Knight (47), who lived like a hermit for decades in a
makeshift camp in the woods and may be responsible for more than
1,000 burglaries for food and other staples, was caught in a
surveillance trap at a camp for people with special needs, which he
treated as a "Walmart."
2013 Apr 9, In Texas Dylan
Quick (20), a student at the Cypress campus of Lone Star College,
went on a stabbing spree wounding at least 14 people before being
subdued and arrested.
(SFC, 4/10/13, p.A4)
2013 Apr 9, In eastern
Afghanistan a NATO helicopter crashed in a field, killing two
American service members in Nangarhar province.
2013 Apr 9, Albania pledged to
hold a historic referendum on whether to scrap waste imports, a
money-making program strongly opposed by environmentalists who say
the poor Balkan country is already buried under its own trash.
2013 Apr 9, Australia’s PM
Julia Gillard capped a 6-day trip to China with the formation of a
“strategic partnershnip," a commitment to hold annual talks between
(Econ, 4/20/13, p.44)
2013 Apr 9, Bahrain arrested
four suspects after homemade firebombs were hurled the previous
evening at the foreign ministry in a possible escalation of
2013 Apr 9, Britain’s Financial
Conduct Authority (FCA) announced sweeping changes in financial
regulation, telling banks they can no longer blame customers when
products go wrong and promising to study how consumers behave to
make sure they can make the right decisions.
2013 Apr 9, British supermarket
chain Asda said very low levels of the horse pain-killing drug
phenylbutazone, also known as bute, had been found in horsemeat
discovered in tins of corned beef. This was the first such case in
2013 Apr 9, In Colombia tens of
thousands marched in Bogota to show their supoort for peace talks
with FARC guerrillas.
(Econ, 4/13/13, p.42)
2013 Apr 9, Iran announced two
key nuclear-related projects that expand the country's ability to
extract and process uranium, which can be enriched for reactor fuel
but also potentially for atomic weapons.
2013 Apr 9, In Iran a 6.1
magnitude earthquake killed at least 37 people in a sparsely
populated area in the country's south.
2013 Apr 9, An Israeli court
sentenced Milad Khatib (26), an Arab citizen of Israel, to
seven years in prison for spying for the Lebanese militant group
2013 Apr 9, A judge in Tuscany
fined Italian cruise line Costa Crociere SpA 1 million euros in
administrative sanctions for the 2012 wreckage of the Concordia
cruise ship that killed 32 people.
2013 Apr 9, Uhuru Kenyatta was
sworn in as the Kenya's 4th president in a stadium filled with tens
of thousands and a dozen African leaders.
2013 Apr 9, A Libyan lawmaker
said parliament has approved a law that criminalizes torture and
(SFC, 4/10/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 9, Mozambican
authorities say they have made some arrests after recent attacks and
fighting between police and alleged members of an opposition group
killed at least seven people and wounded 13 people in the violence
in Sofala province.
2013 Apr 9, Nigerian
authorities arrested 251 suspected illegal immigrants at a busy
market. Authorities were launching new immigration raids in the
country as it faced threats from Islamic extremists.
2013 Apr 9, North Korea urged
all foreign companies and tourists in South Korea to evacuate
because it says the rival Koreas are on the eve of a nuclear war.
2013 Apr 9, In Serbia veteran
Ljubisa Bogdanovic (60) gunned down 13 people in a pre-dawn,
house-to-house rampage in Velika Ivanca, killing his mother, his son
and a cousin (2) before shooting himself and his wife. Bogdanovic
died the next day. His wife remained hospitalized.
(AP, 4/9/13)(AP, 4/11/13)
2013 Apr 9, South African
officials said they have detected bird flu on an ostrich farm near
Oudtshoorn, but that it is unrelated to the strain that has killed 8
people in China. The EU imposed a ban on imports of South African
ostrich meat after a 2011 outbreak of the H5N2 strain.
(SFC, 4/10/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 9, In South Sudan
armed rebels that South Sudan believes are backed by Sudan opened
fire on a UN convoy, killing five UN peacekeepers from India and at
least seven civilians.
2013 Apr 9, The United Nations
reopened food distribution centers in Gaza that closed last week
following a violent protest at a UN compound.
2014 Apr 9, It was reported
that a virus, never before seen in the US, has killed millions of
baby pigs since porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) first showed up in
(SFC, 4/9/14, p.A5)
2014 Apr 9, Stuart Parkin (58)
won the Finnish 1 million-euro ($1.3 million) Millennium Technology
Prize for discoveries leading to a thousand-fold increase in digital
data storage on magnetic disks. The British-American physicist
directed the IBM-Stanford spintronic science center in California.
2014 Apr 9, An Alabama
prosecutor said Jose Manuel Martinez (51), arrested a year ago in
Arizona, has confessed to carrying out up to 40 slayings since 1980
as an enforcer for a drug cartel. Martinez was charged a day earlier
with murdering 9 people in Central California.
(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A9)
2014 Apr 9, In Florida the
driver of an SUV caused a car to crash into a day care center
killing a girl (4) and injuring 14 others. Robert Alex Corchado (28)
surrendered to police the next day.
(SFC, 4/11/14, p.A6)
2014 Apr 9, In Pennsylvania
Alex Hribal (16) stabbed and slashed 21 fellow students and a
security guard at the Franklin Regional High School in Murrysville.
(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A7)
2014 Apr 9, In Texas Ramiro
Hernandez-Llanas (44) was executed for the 1997 slaying of Glen Lich
(49) a former Baylor Univ. history professor.
(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A6)
2014 Apr 9, In Vienna, Austria,
Iran and six major powers discussed all important issues on curbing
Tehran's nuclear program and planned to begin a new round of
negotiations in Vienna on May 13.
2014 Apr 9, Belgian authorities
destroyed over 1,500 kilos (3,300 pounds) of ivory that had been
seized by customs over the past three decades to serve as a warning
to international smugglers who kill elephants daily for their tusks.
2014 Apr 9, British Culture
Secretary Maria Miller, who was in charge of legislation on press
regulation and gay marriage, resigned after an embarrassing row over
her parliamentary expense account.
2014 Apr 9, In Colombia
Alejandro Correa (22) died after an unidentified person threw acid
over 90% of his body. More than 900 such attacks have been
documented in Colombia since 2004.
(SSFC, 4/13/14, p.A4)
2014 Apr 9, Egypt state news
said security forces have arrested a man who worked for Qatar's Al
Jazeera television network and accused him of inciting and taking
part in violence. Abdel Rahman Shaheen was described as a Muslim
2014 Apr 9, The EU published
new rules on green energy designed to replace subsidies with
market-based schemes. The rules take effect from July 1 this year
and from 2017 all member states will have to hold tenders to support
new green power facilities following a pilot phase from 2015-16.
2014 Apr 9, A French court
blocked the extradition of exiled Kazakh oligarch Mukhtar Ablyazov,
an opposition figure wanted on embezzlement charges. Russia alleges
Ablyazov embezzled $5 billion (3.6 billion euros). Ukraine accuses
him of pilfering another $400 million.
2014 Apr 9, German prosecutors
released more than 1,000 artworks found at the Munich apartment of
reclusive collector Cornelius Gurlitt, days after he agreed to
cooperate with authorities in determining which pieces were seized
by the Nazis. At least 458 works owned by the collector that are
being checked for a Nazi-era past remained in government hands.
2014 Apr 9, Greece announced it
was returning to international bond markets for the first time in
four years. Thousands of striking Greeks marched to parliament on to
protest against job cuts and austerity measures imposed by the
country's foreign creditors.
(AP, 4/9/14)(Reuters, 4/9/14)
2014 Apr 9, Indonesia held
parliamentary elections. 190 million citizens were eligible to vote.
Exit polls gave the opposition PDI-P 19% of the vote.
(Reuters, 4/9/14)(Econ, 4/5/14, p.33)
2014 Apr 9, Iran and Azerbaijan
signed deals to build a hydroelectric plant and boost environmental
and athletic cooperation as Azerbaijan's President Ilham Aliyev
2014 Apr 9, In Iraq car bombs
hit several mostly Shiite neighborhoods of Baghdad and Numaniyah
south of the capital, killing at least 34 people and wounding
(AP, 4/9/14)(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A4)
2014 Apr 9, Japan-based Toyota
Motor Corp. said it is recalling 6.39 million vehicles globally for
a variety of problems spanning nearly 30 models in Japan, the US,
Europe and other places.
2014 Apr 9, Kenya expelled over
80 Somalis as security forces maintained a major crackdown on
suspected Islamists that has seen thousands rounded up in the
(AFP, 4/9/14)(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 9, Kuwait said three
of its citizens have been kidnapped in Syria and it has asked Turkey
for help in trying to secure their release. Kidnappers asked for a
ransom of 1 million euros ($1.38 million).
2014 Apr 9, Libya’s army
announced it has taken control of Al-Hariga and Zueitina ports under
a deal to end a crippling nine-month blockade by rebels seeking
autonomy in the country's east.
2014 Apr 9, In Libya air force
officer Abdel-Hamid al-Fetori died when a bomb attached to his car
exploded, seriously injuring his wife and toddler. In response
protesters took to the streets of Benghazi, burning tires and
chanting anti-militia slogans.
2014 Apr 9, Malaysia awarded a
manufacturing license to a $618 million venture that will assemble
fuel-efficient SUVs for China's Great Wall Motor Co. Privately owned
Go Automobile Manufacturing will invest 2 billion ringgit ($618
million) over the next four years to expand its manufacturing plant
in northern Kedah state.
2014 Apr 9, The Dutch
government scrapped a trade mission to Russia that was intended to
forge closer ties between the two countries' energy sectors, blaming
developments in eastern Ukraine.
2014 Apr 9, In North Korea Kim
Jong-Un was "re-elected" as leader. The new parliament also elected
members of the powerful National Defense Commission (NDC),
appointing Kim's close confidante Choi Ryong-Hae as one of three
vice chairmen of the top military decision-making body.
2014 Apr 9, In Pakistan a bomb
tore through a bustling fruit and vegetable market in Islamabad,
killing at least 22 people. The attack came as the government tried
to negotiate an end to the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan's (TTP)
seven-year campaign of violence.
2014 Apr 9, Pakistan's Election
Commission awarded a parliamentary seat to the leader of a banned
sectarian group that activists blame for the deaths of hundreds of
people. Ahmed Ludhianvi will represent the city of Jhang, in Punjab
2014 Apr 9, Radu Mazare, the
mayor of Romania's Black Sea port city of Constanta, was charged
with taking a bribe of 175,000 euros ($241,400) in 2011 in return
for awarding a company the tender to build 900 low-cost apartments
for socially deprived residents. Businessman Avraham Morgenstern was
also charged in the 10 million euro project.
2014 Apr 9, Saudi health
authorities said that 11 people in the western city of Jiddah have
contracted the Middle East respiratory syndrome, resulting in two
recent deaths, bringing to at least 66 the number of people who have
died of MERS in the kingdom.
2014 Apr 9, Two Saudi border
guards were killed by unidentified gunmen who fired shots from
2014 Apr 9, In Syria forces
loyal to President Bashar al-Assad recaptured the rebel-held border
town of Rankous. Two car bombs in Homs killed at least 25 people.
(Reuters, 4/9/14)(SFC, 4/10/14, p.A4)
2014 Apr 9, Thai police
arrested Englishman Michael Alan France (53), whom French police
accuse of masterminding a gang that sought to smuggle cocaine and
heroin through France into England six years ago.
2014 Apr 9, Ukrainian
authorities warned that they are prepared to use force to clear
several government buildings seized by pro-Russian separatists in
the east of the country. 56 hostages were allowed to leave the
Luhansk security services building overnight.