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Today in History - April 10

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401        Apr 10, Theodosius II, the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor, was born.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

428        Apr 10, John Nestorius from Antioch was consecrated as the  new Patriarch of Constantinople by Emperor Theodosius.
    (Usenet, 3/4/97)

879        Apr 10, Louis II, the Stutterer, King of France (877-79), died and Louis III was crowned King of France.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1500        Apr 10, France captured duke Ludovico Sforza ("Il Sforza del Destino") of Milan.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1512        Apr 10, James V, king of Scotland (1513-42), was born.
    (PCh, 1992, p.167)(MC, 4/10/02)

1583        Apr 10, Hugo Grotius of Holland, father of international law, was born.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1633        Apr 10, Werner Fabricius, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1640        Apr 10, Agostino Agazzari (61), Italian composer, died.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1663        Apr 10, Samuel Pepys, London-based diarist, noted that he had enjoyed a French wine called Ho Bryan at the Royal Oak Tavern. This same year the Pontacs, a top wine-making family in Bordeaux, founded a fashionable London restaurant called Pontack’s Head. Ho Bryan later came to be called Chateau Haut Brion.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.131)

1710        Apr 10, Britain’s Queen Anne gave her assent to an act “for the encouragement of learning.” It upheld Parliament’s 1709 copyright act, which set a limit of 21 years for books already in print and 14 years for new ones with an additional 14 years if the author was still alive when the first term ran out. 
    (Econ, 4/10/10, p.16)

1739        Apr 10, Dick Turpin was executed in England for horse stealing.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1755        Apr 10, Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, was born.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1778        Apr 10, William Hazlitt (d.1830), essayist, critic, was born in Maidstone, Kent, England. 
    (AP, 11/10/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Hazlitt)

1783        Apr 10, Hortense E. de Beauharnais, French queen of Netherlands (1806-10), was born.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1790        Apr 10, President George Washington signed into law the first United States Patent Act. The Patent Board was made up of the Secretary of State, Secretary of War and the Attorney General and was responsible for granting patents on "useful and important" inventions. In the first three years, 47 patents were granted. Until 1888 miniature models of the device to be patented were required. [see July 31]
    (HN, 4/10/98)(HNQ, 8/6/99)(AP, 4/10/07)

1794        Apr 10, Matthew Calbraith Perry, the American Navy Commodore who opened Japan, was born. 
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1806        Apr 10, Leonidas Polk (d.1864), bishop, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1809        Apr 10, Austria declared war on France and her forces entered Bavaria.
    (HN, 4/10/99)

1813        Apr 10, Joseph-Louis Lagrange (b.1736), Italian-born mathematician, died in Paris. He is considered to be the greatest mathematician of the eighteenth century.

1815        Apr 10, A third of the 13,000 foot Mount Tambora on Sumbawa Island, Indonesia, was blasted into the air. Some 50,000 islanders were killed and the whole planet was shrouded in a debris of sulfuric droplets. In 2006 scientist reported finding traces of Tambora society.
    (www.sullivan-county.com/immigration/e3.htm)(AP, 2/28/06)

1827        Apr 10, Lewis Wallace (d.1905), soldier, lawyer, diplomat and author (Ben Hur), was born. “As a rule, there is no surer way to the dislike of men than to behave well where they have behaved badly.”
    (HN, 4/10/98)(AP, 12/5/00)

1829        Apr 10, William Booth, founder (Salvation Army), was born.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1835        Apr 10, Charles Darwin returned to Santiago, Chile.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1836        Apr 10, Helen Jewett, a prostitute in a Thomas St. bordello in Manhattan, was murdered. Her boyfriend, Richard P. Robinson (17), a clerk for a local merchant, was tried for the murder but acquitted. In 1998 Patricia Cline Cohen published “The Murder of Helen Jewett,” an account of the story.
    (WSJ, 8/21/98, p.W6)

1841        Apr 10, The NY Tribune began publishing under editor Horace Greeley (1811-1872). The abolitionist newspaper editor founded The New York Tribune with support from powerful political friends. Under Greeley's direction, The Tribune took a strong stand against slavery, the South and slave owners in the years leading up to the Civil War. The Tribune and Greeley also crusaded against liquor, gambling, prostitution and capital punishment. One of the founders of the Republican Party, Greeley was also an eccentric who dabbled in many of the fads of his day.
    (HNPD, 2/3/99)(WSJ, 10/26/00, p.W12)(AP, 7/21/98)(MC, 4/10/02)

1845        Apr 10, Over 1,000 buildings were damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pa.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1847        Apr 10, American newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer (d.1911) was born in Mako, Hungary. "What is everybody's business is nobody's business -- except the journalist's."
    (CFA, '96, p.44)(AP, 4/10/97)(AP, 8/30/98)

1849        Apr 10, Walter Hunt, a mechanic, patented the safety pin in NYC. He sold rights for $100. Hunt’s other inventions included a new stove, paper collar, ice-breaking boat, fountain pen and nail-making machine.
    (SFC, 7/14/99, p.3)(SFC, 4/1/00, p.B4)(MC, 4/10/02)

1858        Apr 10, London’s Big Ben bell was cast at the Whitechapel Foundry in East London. It was placed into St. Stephen’s Tower at the Houses of Parliament.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.A16)

1862        Apr 10, Union forces began the bombardment of Fort Pulaski in Georgia along the Tybee River.
    (HN, 4/10/99)

1863        Apr 10, Rebel Gen. Earl Van Dorn attacked at Franklin, Tenn.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1864        Apr 10, Eugene Francis Charles D'Albert, German pianist, composer (Golem), was born.
    (MC, 4/10/02)
1864        Apr 10, Archduke Maximilian of Austria was crowned Emperor of Mexico.
    (CLTIH, 4/10/96)

1865        Apr 10, At Appomattox Court, Va, General Robert E. Lee issued Gen Order #9, his last orders to the Army of Northern Virginia. Seneca Indian Ely Parker was at his general's side at Appomattox. In 2001 William C. Davis authored “An Honorable Defeat.”
    (HN, 4/10/99)(WSJ, 6/13/01, p.A18)(MC, 4/10/02)
1866        Apr 10, The American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) was incorporated.
    (AP, 4/9/97)

1867        Apr 10, A.E. (George William Russell), Irish poet and mystic, was born.
    (HN, 4/10/01)

1868        Apr 10, 1st performance of Johannes Brahms' "Ein Deutches Requiem."
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1869        Apr 10, The US Congress increased the number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1877        Apr 10, Federal troops were withdrawn from Columbia, SC.
    (MC, 4/10/02)
1877        Apr 10, The 1st human cannonball act was performed in London.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1880        Apr 10, Frances Perkins, Labor secretary, first woman cabinet member in an American Administration, was born.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1882        Apr 10, Matson founded his shipping company with service between San Francisco and Hawaii.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1887        Apr 10, President Abraham Lincoln was re-buried with his wife in Springfield, Il.
    (MC, 4/10/02)
1887        Aug 10, A train from Peoria, Ill., bound for Niagara ran across a burning bridge near Chatsworth. Only the lead locomotive made it and 82 people were killed near Chatsworth.
    (THC, 12/2/97)

1892        Apr 10, Victor de Sabata, conductor, composer (Il Macigno), was born in Trieste, Italy.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1895        Apr 10, The San Francisco Chronicle reported that Blanche Dumont (21), a student living in the Mission District, had disappeared a week earlier. She had last been seen with Theodore Durrant (23), a medical student who lived on Fair Oaks St.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.D1)

1901        Apr 10, The Journal, a Hearst newspaper, printed an editorial that declared “If bad institutions and bad men can be got rid of only by killing, then the killing must be done.” Hearst ordered the presses stopped but a number of papers had already hit the streets.
    (AH, 10/01, p.24)

1902        Apr 10, South African Boers accepted British terms of surrender.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1903        Apr 10, Clare Boothe Luce, U.S. ambassador to the Vatican, was born. 
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1909        Apr 10, Algernon Charles Swinburne (b.1837), English poet, died.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1912        Apr 10, The 66,000 ton RMS Titanic left port from Southampton, England, on its ill-fated maiden voyage with 2,223 people.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, PM, p.16)(SFEC, 12/8/96, BR p.6)(AP, 4/10/97)
1912        Apr 10, The first wireless transmission was received on an airplane.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1915        Apr 10, Harry Morgan, actor (December Bride, M*A*S*H, Dragnet), was born in Detroit, Mich.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1917        Apr 10, Robert B. Woodward, synthetic chemist, was born.
    (HN, 4/10/01)
1917        Apr 10, A munitions factory explosion at Eddystone, PA., killed 133 workers.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1919        Apr 10, Emiliano Zapata (b.c1877), a leader of Mexico's indigenous people during the Mexican Revolution, was assassinated by a government emissary who had come to his southern stronghold in the state of Morelos for peace negotiations. His native language was Nahuatl of the Aztecs.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-10)(MC, 4/10/02)

1921        Apr 10, Chuck Connors, actor (Rifleman, Branded, Cowboy in Africa), was born in Brooklyn, NY. He later auditioned for the Chicago Cubs with Fidel Castro and played for them for a while.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1923        Apr 10, Hitler demanded "hatred and more hatred" in Berlin.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1924        Apr 10, David Halberstam, New York Times correspondent, author, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1964, was born.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1925        Apr 10, The novel "The Great Gatsby," by F. Scott Fitzgerald, was first published by Scribner's of New York. A film version was made in 1974.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1925)(SFEC, 2/16/97, Par. p.18)(AP, 4/9/97)

1929        Apr 10, Max Von Sydow, actor (Hawaii, Exorcist, Dune, Seventh Seal, Dreamscape), was born in Lund, Sweden.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1930        Apr 10, The first synthetic rubber was produced.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1932        Apr 10, Omar Sharif (Michael Shalhoub), actor (Dr. Zhivago), was born.
    (HN, 4/10/98)
1932        Apr 10, Paul von Hindenburg was elected the first German president. German president Paul von Hindenburg was re-elected with 53% of the vote; Adolf Hitler coming in 2nd with 36%.
    (www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/riseofhitler/runs.htm)(AP, 4/10/98)

1934        Apr 10, David Halberstam, New York Times correspondent, author, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1964, was born.
    (HN, 4/10/01)

1935        Apr 10, Jorge Mester, conductor (Louisville Orch 1967-79), was born in Mexico City.
    (MC, 4/10/02)
1935        Apr 10, Vaughan Williams' 4th Symphony premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1936        Apr 10, John Madden, NFL coach (Oakland Raiders), sports commentator (CBS, FOX), was born.
    (MC, 4/10/02)
1936        Apr 10, A 200" mirror blank arrived in Pasadena for Mt. Palomar.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1938        Apr 10, NY made syphilis testing mandatory for a marriage license.
    (MC, 4/10/02)
1938        Apr 10, Germany annexed Austria.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1940        Apr 10, Vidkun Quisling formed a Norwegian pro-Nazi "national government."
    (MC, 4/10/02)
1940        Apr 10, The HMS Hunter, a British destroyer, went down with 110 men in the fist Battle of Narvik as the Royal Navy tried to keep German forces from overrunning a strategic Norwegian port. Germany lost 4 destroyers in the battle. In 2008 a Norwegian minehunter found the wreck
    (AP, 3/9/08)

1941        Apr 10, Paul Theroux, author (The Great Railway Bazaar), was born.
    (HN, 4/10/01)
1941        Apr 10, U.S. troops occupied Greenland to prevent Nazi infiltration.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1942        Apr 10, The 65-mile Bataan Death March began to a prison camp near Cabanatuan. The prisoners were forced to march 85 miles in six days with only one meal of rice during the entire journey. Some 10k-15k soldiers perished on the march. Bataan is a peninsula of western Luzon in the Philippines. It was surrendered to the Japanese in this year and retaken by American forces in 1945. [see Apr 9]
    (HFA, ‘96, p.28)(SFEC, 12/15/96, p.T7)(SFC, 4/25/97, p.A26)(MC, 4/10/02)

1944        Apr 10, Soviet forces liberated Odessa from Nazis.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1945        Apr 10, US troops landed on Tsugen Shima, Okinawa.
    (MC, 4/10/02)
1945        Apr 10, German Me 262 jet fighters shot down ten U.S. bombers near Berlin.
    (HN, 4/10/99)
1945        Apr 10, In their second attempt to take the Seelow Heights , near Berlin, the Red Army launched numerous attacks against the defending Germans. The Soviets gained one mile at the cost of 3,000 men killed and 368 tanks destroyed.
    (HN, 4/10/01)

1947         Apr 10, Brooklyn Dodgers president Branch Rickey announced he had purchased the contract of Jackie Robinson from the Montreal Royals. John Sengstacke, black publisher of the Chicago Defender, was instrumental in persuading Mr. Rickey in his decision. Jackie Robinson became the first black to play major league baseball as he took the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers. In spite of intense pressure and hostility, Robinson's athletic abilities earned him the Rookie of the Year Award in 1947.
    (AP, 4/10/97)(SFC, 1/12/98, p.A1)(HN, 4/10/01)

1948        Apr 10, Jewish Hagana repelled an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1952        Apr 10, The MGM movie musical "Singin' in the Rain," starring Gene Kelly, was first released.
    (AP, 4/10/02)

1953        Apr 10, The first 3-D horror movie “House of Wax,” produced by Warner Bros. and starring Vincent Price, premiered in New York City. It was directed by Andre de Toth (d.2002 at 89).
    (AP, 4/9/97)(HN, 4/10/98)(SFC, 11/1/02, p.A28)

1956        Apr 10, In Alabama singer Nat Cole was attacked on stage at the Birmingham Municipal Auditorium by a small group of white supremacists. Six local men were arrested for the attack.
    (http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa4113/is_200401/ai_n9350991/)(NYT, 4/11/1956, p.1)
1956        Apr 10, Philips broadcasted the 1st Dutch color TV programs.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1957        Apr 10, John Osborne’s play “The Entertainer,” starring Laurence Olivier, opened in London.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
1957        Apr 10, Egypt reopened the Suez Canal to all shipping traffic. The canal had been closed due to wreckage resulting from the Suez Crisis.
    (AP, 4/10/08)

1959        Apr 10, Japan's Crown Prince Akihito married a commoner, Michiko Shoda.
    (AP, 4/9/97)

1960        Apr 10, The US Senate passed a landmark Civil Rights Bill.
    (HN, 4/10/98)

1963        Apr 10, The USS Thresher nuclear-powered submarine failed to surface 220 miles east of Boston, Mass. The disaster claimed 129 lives.

1965        Apr 10, Linda Darnell (41), actress, died from burns received in a fire.
    (MC, 4/10/02)

1966        Apr 10, Evelyn Waugh (b.1903), British writer, satirist (Brideshead Revisited), died. He also wrote “The Loved Ones,” a satire on California burial customs and “Vile Bodies.” His correspondence with Nancy Mitford, novelist of manners, was edited by Charlotte Mosley and published in 1997. In 2007 Alexander Waugh, grandson of Evelyn Waugh, authored “Fathers and Sons,” his biography of the Waugh family.
    (WSJ, 4/29/97, p.A18)(SFC, 9/11/04, p.E1)(WSJ, 5/26/07, p.P6)

1967        Apr 10, In the 39th Academy Awards "A Man For All Seasons" won for Best Picture; Elizabeth Taylor won as Best Actress for “Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?”; and Paul Scofield won as Best Actor for “A Man For All Seasons.”

1968        Apr 10, In the 40th Academy Awards "In the Heat of the Night" won as best film. Rod Steiger won as best actor for his role in the film. Katherine Hepburn won as best actress for her role in “Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner.”
1968        Apr 10, President Johnson replaced General Westmoreland with General Creighton Abrams in Vietnam [see Mar 22].
    (HN, 4/10/98)
1968        Apr 10, A ferry boat sank in harbor of Wellington, NZ, and 51 were killed.

1969        Apr 10, Harley Jefferson Earl (1893-1969), American car designer, died. He was a Hollywood builder of custom cars and became GM’s VP of styling from 1940-1959. He was the first to introduce tail fins in 1948. His design philosophy was "You can design a car so that every time you get in it, it’s a relief--you have a little vacation for a while."
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(www.motorera.com/corvette/1950/vet56-1.htm)

1971        Apr 10, The American table tennis team arrived in China.
    (HN, 4/10/98)(www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/china/peopleevents/pande07.html)

1972        Apr 10, In the 44th Academy Awards "French Connection," Gene Hackman and Jane Fonda won.
1972        Apr 10, The United States and the Soviet Union joined some 70 nations in signing an agreement banning biological warfare: The Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention (BWC). A defector in 1990 revealed that the Soviet biological weapons program was twice the size of the highest US intelligence estimates. The convention banned the development, production, and stockpiling of bacteriological and toxic weapons. In 1973 the Soviet Union created Biopreparat, an ultra secret biological weapons program that involved laboratories at a minimum of 47 sites across Russia.
    (AP, 4/10/97)(WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A22)(SFEC, 8/10/97, p.A3)(SFC, 8/28/97, p.C2)
1972        Apr 10, A 6.9 earthquake in the Iranian province of Fars killed over 5,000 people.

1974        Apr 10, Golda Meir announced her resignation as prime minister of Israel. Yitzhak Rabin replaced Golda Meir.
    (AP, 4/10/97)(HN, 4/10/98)

1975        Apr 10, Walker Evans (b.1903), American photographer, died. In 1999 the biography "Walker Evans" by James R. Mellow was published.
    (WSJ, 7/27/99, p.A21)(SFC, 8/18/01, p.B3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walker_Evans)

1978        Apr 10, Arkady Shevchenko, a high-ranking Soviet citizen employed by the United Nations, sought political asylum in the United States.
    (AP, 4/10/03)
1978        Apr 10, A tornado struck in Orissa, India, and killed about 150 people.

1979        Apr 10, Nino Rota (b.1911), Italian composer (Torquemada, Romeo & Juliette), died from cancer.
1979        Apr 10, The US Government established the Taiwan Relations Act which said: "to make clear that the US decision to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China rests upon the expectation that the future of Taiwan will be determined by peaceful means."
    (WSJ, 1/31/96, p.A-18)(www.taiwandocuments.org/tra01.htm)

1981        Apr 10, The long-awaited maiden launch of the space shuttle “Columbia” was scrubbed because of a computer malfunction.
    (AP, 4/10/01)
1981        Apr 10, Imprisoned IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands was declared the winner of a by-election to the British Parliament.
    (AP, 4/10/07)

1983        Apr 10, King Hussein of Jordan, officially renounced pursuing any negotiations to implement the Reagan Plan, and ceased negotiations with PLO.

1984        Apr 10, The US Senate condemned the January CIA mining of Nicaraguan harbors.
1984        Apr 10, In San Francisco Mei “Linda” Leung (9) was kidnapped, raped and killed. Her body was found hanging over a pipe in the baxement of her apartment building at 765 O’Farrell St. In 2009 DNA evidence tied Richard Ramirez (b.1960), known as the “Night Stalker,” to her murder. The evidence also indicated a possible 2nd attacker.
    (SFC, 10/23/09, p.A1)

1986        Apr 10, Benazir Bhutto (33), daughter of former PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, returned to Pakistan.

1987        Apr 10, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev delivered speeches on nuclear arms, with the president challenging the Soviets to join the United States in working harder for arms reductions, and Gorbachev proposing talks on short-range weapons.
    (AP, 4/9/97)

1988        Apr 10, The hijackers of a Kuwait Airways jetliner vowed to carry out a "slow, quiet massacre" of their hostages, one day after one captive was killed aboard the plane parked in Larnaca, Cyprus.
    (AP, 4/10/98)

1989        Apr 10, Federal drug czar William J. Bennett unveiled details of the Bush administration's plan for fighting drug abuse and drug-related crime in the nation's capital.
    (AP, 4/10/99)
1989        Apr 10, In Ohio Jeffrey Lundgren (b.1950), a self-proclaimed prophet, led his cult in planning and executing murders of the Avery family in order to bring about a prophecy he interpreted from the Old Testament. Lundgren was convicted of five counts of murder and executed on October 24, 2006 at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio.

1990        Apr 10, H.J. Heinz said it would not sell tuna caught in nets that also trap dolphins.
1990        Apr 10, Three European hostages -- a French woman, a Belgian man and their two-year-old daughter, who was born in captivity -- were released in Lebanon by the Abu Nidal Palestinian guerrilla group following an appeal by Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.
    (AP, 4/10/00)
1990        Apr 10, Teddy Wang Tei-huei (57), Hong Kong real estate tycoon, was kidnapped for a 2nd time. Abductors demanded $60 million. His wife Nina Wang paid a $34 million installment, but it was too late. His body was never found. Wang was declared legally dead in 1999.
    (WSJ, 10/20/99, p.A23)(Econ, 7/3/04, p.52)

1991        Apr 10, The US and Britain imposed a no-fly zone to protect 3 Kurdish provinces in northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A11)
1991        Apr 10, A day after Mikhail Gorbachev appealed for a moratorium on all strikes, demonstrations and rallies, an estimated 200,000 workers in Byelorussia defied the Soviet president by staging a work stoppage in the capital, Minsk.
    (AP, 4/10/01)

1992        Apr 10, Financier Charles Keating Jr. was sentenced in Los Angeles to nine years in prison for swindling investors when his Lincoln Savings and Loan collapsed. The convictions were later overturned.
    (AP, 4/9/97)
1992        Apr 10, Comedian Sam Kinison (38) was killed in a car crash outside Needles, Calif.
    (AP, 4/9/97)
1992        Apr 10, The IRA bombed the London financial district killing 3 with 91 injured.
    (WSJ, 3/12/04, p.A11)

1993        Apr 10, South African activist Chris Hani, head of the Communist Party and a leading official of the African National Congress, was shot to death by Janusz Walus and Clive Derby-Lewis. The two white extremists were later convicted in the slaying and appealed for amnesty in 1997.
    (SFC, 8/12/97, p.A8)(AP, 4/10/98)

1994        Apr 10, Two U.S. F-16 fighters bombed Bosnian Serb targets in Gorazde, which was under heavy attack. This was NATO's first-ever attack on ground positions. A second air strike took place the following day.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 4/10/99)

1995        Apr 10, Sen. Bob Dole launched his third bid for the White House in Topeka, Kansas.
    (AP, 4/10/00)
1995        Apr 10, The Unabomber sent a letter to the New York Times claiming responsibility for the killing of Thomas Mosser.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.5)
1995        Apr 10, NYC enacted the Smoke Free Air Act which banned smoking in all restaurants that seated 35 or more.
1995        Apr 10, Chen Yun (b.1905), one of China’s “eight immortals,” died.  He helped create modern China.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chen_Yun)(Econ, 2/6/10, p.79)

1996        Apr 10, President Clinton vetoed a bill that would have outlawed a technique used to end pregnancies in their late stages.
    (AP, 4/10/97)
1996        Apr 10, It was reported that Pres. Mohammed Ibrahim Egal was the leader of the Pennsylvania size region of Somalia called Somaliland. The five year old state had a flag, army, police and currency, but did not have international recognition.
    (SFC, 4/10/96, A-5)
1996        Apr 10, In Mexico a protest group of about 500 peasants was fired on by police with one killed and dozens wounded. They were headed to the annual Septa commemoration in Tlaltizapan, the site of Zapata’s headquarters.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-10)

1997        Apr 10, A federal judge struck down as unconstitutional the Line-Item Veto Act, a law that lets the president strike specific items from bills passed by Congress. The president said he would appeal to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court later set aside the judge's ruling. The Supreme Court ultimately struck down the veto as unconstitutional in 1998.
    (SFC, 4/11/97, p.A3)(AP, 4/10/02)
1997        Apr 10, Onetime fighter pilot and former POW Pete Peterson was confirmed by the Senate as the first postwar U.S. ambassador to Vietnam.
    (AP, 4/10/98)
1997        Apr 10, Michael Dorris (52), writer, committed suicide. His books included “The Broken Cord” (1989), an account of his life raising adopted son Abel, who was diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome.

1998        Apr 10, The anti-impotence drug Viagra appeared on the market and became one of the best-selling new medications of all time.
    (MC, 4/10/02)
1998        Apr 10, In Iran an earthquake in the northeast killed 12 people and left 1,500 homeless in the Khorasan province.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, p.A16)
1998        Apr 10, The Good Friday Agreement was announced 17 hours after the deadline as negotiators reached a landmark settlement to end 30 years of bitter rivalries and bloody attacks. Gerry Adams signed for the IRA. It was to face referendums in the Irish Republic and Northern Ireland on May 22. If approved there would be June elections to create a local governing assembly for Northern Ireland.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/10/99)(SSFC, 9/14/03, p.A1)
1998        Apr 10, The Russian Parliament rejected Pres. Yeltsin’s nominee, Sergei Kiriyenko, for prime minister 186 to 143. Yeltsin renominated Kiriyenko and another vote must take place within a week. In a speech to the Duma Kiriyenko said that economic growth had stopped.
    (SFC, 4/11/98, p.A6)

1999        Apr 10, The Miami Heat humiliated the Chicago Bulls, 82-49, holding the Bulls to the lowest point total since the introduction of the basketball shot clock.
    (AP, 4/10/00)
1999        Apr 10, The US announced that 82 more warplanes were being shipped to join the NATO campaign in Yugoslavia. It was reported that half Yugoslavia's most modern planes had been destroyed.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 10, In Iran Gen'l. Ali Sayyad Shirazi, deputy chief of the joint staff command of the Iranian armed forces, was gunned down in front of his home in Tehran by men dressed as city cleaners. The murder was attributed to terrorists, a euphemism for the opposition Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK). In 2007 French judicial authorities said they have the authority to investigate the case because the political wing of the People's Mujahedeen is based in Auvers-Sur-Oise, north of Paris.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A11)(AP, 9/18/07)
1999        Apr 10, US F-16s struck southern Iraqi radar and antiaircraft sites after the fighters were fired upon. Iraq claimed that 2 people were killed and 9 wounded in the attacks.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/12/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 10, Poland welcomed the first of several thousand ethnic Albanian refugees from Kosovo.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A30)
1999        Apr 10, In Russia Prime Minister Primakov appealed to the lower house of the Duma to drop impeachment proceedings against Pres. Yeltsin.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A11)
1999        Apr 10, Serbia allowed some 1,500 refugees from Vragolija to leave Kosovo for Albania. Some 4,000 refugees crossed into Albania.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, p.A14,26)
1999        Apr 10, Bad weather hampered NATO's bombing campaign against Yugoslavia, but the allies warned Slobodan Milosevic the lull wouldn't last. The Pentagon, meanwhile, announced that 82 U.S. planes would join the force conducting airstrikes over Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 4/10/00)
1999        Apr 10, In Venezuela Pres. Chavez said he would extend his term from 5 to 10 years. He had already threatened to dissolve Congress and the Supreme Court.
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A11)

2000        Apr 10, David M. Kennedy won a Pulitzer prize for “Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945.” Jhumpa Lahiri won the fiction award for “Interpreter of Maladies.” The Washington Post won three Pulitzer Prizes, including the public service award for the second year in a row; The Wall Street Journal took two honors, and The Associated Press won for investigative reporting on the killing of civilians by US troops at the start of the Korean War.
    (SFC, 4/11/00, p.A2)(AP, 4/10/01)
2000        Apr 10, Actor Larry Linville, one of the stars of the situation comedy “M*A*S*H,” set during the Korean War, died in New York at age 60.
    (AP, 4/10/01)
2000        Apr 10, EU foreign ministers toughened sanctions against Burma due to the increased repression of civil and political rights.
    (SFC, 4/11/00, p.D4)
2000        Apr 10, In Gambia police fired on a student demonstration in Banjul and 12 people were killed.
    (SC, 4/11/00, p.D4)(SFC, 4/12/00, p.A17)
2000        Apr 10, South Korea and North Korea announced a June date for their first summit since the Korean peninsula was divided in 1945.
    (AP, 4/10/01)
2000        Apr 10, In the Philippines government troops attacked Camp Bilai, a Muslim rebel camp of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. A number of guerrillas were killed. 278 rebels and 18 soldiers had died in clashes over the last month.
    (SFC, 4/11/00, p.D4)

2001        Apr 10, Pres. Bush met with Jordan’s King Abdullah and both agreed that ending violence in the Middle East was the main goal for the region.
    (WSJ, 4/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 10, Republican Jane Swift took office as the first female governor of Massachusetts, succeeding Paul Cellucci, who'd resigned to become U.S. ambassador to Canada.
    (AP, 4/10/02)
2001        Apr 10, Rap star Eminem was placed on two years' probation for carrying a concealed weapon outside a Michigan nightclub.
    (AP, 4/10/02)
2001        Apr 10, The DJIA went up 257 to 10,102. The Nasdaq increased 106 to 1,852.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.B1)
2001        Apr 10, Doctors in San Diego implanted genetically modified cells in to the brain of a 60-year-old woman with early Alzheimer’s disease in an effort to slow her mental decline.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.A3)
2001        Apr 10, In Dhaka, Bangladesh, a general strike for the resignation of prime minister Sheikh Hasina left 3 people dead after supporters and opponents clashed with guns and homemade bombs.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.C5)
2001        Apr 10, Germany’s PM Schroeder ended 2 days of talks with Pres. Putin of Russia, but no agreement was reached on Russian debt.
    (WSJ, 4/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 10, Israeli rockets were fired at a Palestinian police post next to the Khan Yunis refugee camp. At least 25 Palestinians were wounded.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.C2)
2001        Apr 10, Malaysia arrested at least 4 opposition leaders as the 2 year anniversary approached of jailed former Deputy Premier Anwar’s conviction.
    (WSJ, 4/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 10, In Netherlands the Senate legalized euthanasia gave doctors immunity from prosecution for assisting in the deaths of terminally ill patients.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.C2)(AP, 4/10/02)
2001        Apr 10, In Singapore doctors completed a 4-day operation to separate 11-month-old Siamese twins, Jamuna and Ganga Shrestha of Nepal. The girls had joined heads.
    (SFC, 4/11/01, p.C3)

2002        Apr 10, Sec. of State Colin Powell stopped in Spain to gather EU support in the Middle East conflict. He again called for an immediate end to Israel’s military operations.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A14)
2002        Apr 10, Arthur Anderson LLP agreed to a government condition that it admit to having committed a crime by destroying Enron documents last fall.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 10, In Ohio a state appeals court declared a ban on concealed weapons to be unconstitutional. 5 other states, all in the Midwest, carried similar laws banning concealed weapons.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A7)
2002        Apr 10, In Israel a suicide bomber sd’d in a bus near Haifa and 8 people were killed with 20 wounded. Israel announced the withdrawal of forces from 24 small West Bank villages.
    (SFC, 4/10/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 10, In Mexico 41 state and city police from Tijuana and Tecate were arrested in Baja on charges of corruption and smuggling during a meeting at the state police academy.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A10)(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A9)
2002        Apr 10, Binyam Mohamed (b.1978), an Ethiopian citizen who had lived in Britain for 7 years, was arrested in Pakistan. He was held incommunicado in Pakistan, Morocco and Afghanistan and then was taken to Guantanamo Bay in 2004 for internment.
    (Econ, 2/7/09, p.49)(www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/feb/08/torture-humanrights)
2002        Apr 10, In Russia the FSB, successor to the KGB, accused the CIA of trying to steal military secrets. US diplomat Yunju Kensinger and David Patterson were identified as agents posing as US Embassy officials.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/11/02, p.A15)
2002        Apr 10, In Sri Lanka rebel leader Velupillai Prabhakaran made his 1st public appearance in 15 years and pledged his commitment to peace talks along with the goal of an independent Tamil state. The 18-year civil war had already left 65,000 dead.
    (SFC, 4/11/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/11/02, p.A1)

2003        Apr 10, The US House passed a bill creating a national Amber Alert system and strengthening child pornography laws.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2003        Apr 10, Eva Narcissus Boyd, the singer known as "Little Eva," died in Kinston, N.C.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2003        Apr 10, Iraqi television aired videotaped greetings from President Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2003        Apr 10, In the 23rd day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US and Kurdish troops seized oil-rich Kirkuk without a fight and held a second city within their grasp as opposition forces crumbled in northern Iraq. Looting in Baghdad prompted orders for US Marines to crack down on thieves. Over 40 suicide vests were found in a Baghdad school. Looting in Kirkuk stripped the North Oil Co. facilities and pumping of 850,000 barrels a day ceased.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 4/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.W8)(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 10, In Najaf clerics Haider al-Kadar, a widely hated loyalist of Saddam, and Abdul Majid al-Khoei, a high-ranking Shiite cleric and son of one of the religion's most prominent spiritual leaders, were hacked to death at the shrine of Imam Ali by a crowd during a meeting of reconciliation. Majid al-Khoei had been give as much as $13 million by the CIA to cultivate supporters.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 5/2/03, p.A14)
2003        Apr 10, Aid workers fled a north Afghan town after factional fighting killed at least 13 people.
    (WSJ, 4/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 10, In Colombia the body of Eudaldo Diaz, mayor of the Sucre state town of El Roble, was found tortured and killed. Former Sucre Gov. Salvador Arana was convicted in 2009 of masterminding the murder. He is serving a 40-year prison term. In 2011 fugitive Colombian paramilitary warlord Rodrigo Mercado was convicted in absentia of kidnapping and killing Diaz.
    (AP, 9/19/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3o3844w)
2003        Apr 10, In Estonia Juhan Parts, a 36-year-old former auditor, took over as prime minister, becoming Europe's youngest leader.
    (AP, 4/10/03)
2003        Apr 10, An Israeli missile strike in Gaza City killed Mahmoud Zatme, an Islamic Jihad commander, and injured 12 bystanders. In Tulkarem Israeli troops fired on a car carrying members of the Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades. The driver was killed and 4 others were injured. 2 gunmen shot 2 Israeli soldier dead in the Jordan Valley and were themselves killed.
    (SFC, 4/11/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 10, In Dagestan, Russia, a fire killed 28 deaf children in a boarding school in Makhachkala. Fires in Russia killed some 50 people a day, i.e. 18,000 a year.
    (AP, 4/10/03)(SFC, 4/11/03, p.A3)

2004        Apr 10, Pres. Bush signed into law a bill that let companies reduce the required contributions to their defined-benefit pension plans by more than $80 billion over the next 2 years.
    (Econ, 4/17/04, p.73)
2004        Apr 10, The White House declassified and released a document sent to President Bush before the Sept. 11 attacks which cited recent intelligence of a possible al-Qaida plot to strike inside the US.
    (AP, 4/10/05)
2004        Apr 10, Several thousand protesters gathered in SF and called for an end to US military presence in Iraq.
    (SSFC, 4/11/04, p.B3)
2004        Apr 10, San Francisco Police officer Isaac A. Espinoza (29) was shot dead and his partner wounded in the Bayview neighborhood. Suspect David Hill (21) was arrested the next day. Hill used an illegal AK-47 against the officers that had been given to him by Marvin Jeffrey Jr., a police informant. In 2007 Hill was found guilty of 2nd degree murder.
    (SFC, 4/12/04, p.A1)(SSFC, 8/13/06, p.A1)(SFC, 1/5/07, p.A1)
2004        Apr 10, A coal mine explosion trapped five miners underground in a northeastern Chinese city where more than 150 miners have been killed in the past year.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2004        Apr 10, In Colombia a patrol, searching for rebels of the FARC, gunned down a peasant family carrying a sick baby to hospital. Three youths, aged 14 to 17, and the six-month-old were among the dead.
    (AP, 4/13/04)
2004        Apr 10, Iraqi government negotiators entered the besieged city of Fallujah as fierce battles raged elsewhere in central Iraq, including Baghdad. In Baqouba 40 Iraqis were killed. A top Iraqi Red Crescent official and his wife were killed in an apparent attack on their car in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2004        Apr 10, A stray bullet killed an 11-year old Palestinian girl in her kitchen when Israeli troops fired on her neighborhood in the southern Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2004        Apr 10, In Mexico a gas explosion leveled two buildings, killed at least six people and injured more than a dozen others in the border town of Nuevo Progreso.
    (AP, 4/11/04)
2004        Apr 10, In southern Peru heavy rains triggered mudslides near the famed Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, killing at least six people. Five others were missing and feared dead.
    (AP, 4/11/04)
2004        Apr 10, In the southern Philippines more than 50 inmates, including many suspected members of a Muslim extremist group, used a smuggled pistol to escape from prison. At least nine were killed by police.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2004        Apr 10, Rania al-Baz, a popular Saudi TV host, was severely beaten by her husband. She suffered 13 facial fractures that required 12 operations. She allowed photos to be broadcast and opened discussions of ongoing violence against women in Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC, 4/20/04, p.A6)
2004        Apr 10, In Siberia an apparent methane blast ripped through a coal mine, killing at least 44 miners.
    (AP, 4/11/04)(AP, 4/12/04)
2004        Apr 10, Some 11% of South Africans, 5 million people, were reported to be infected with AIDS. An earlier government report said 100,000 civil servants were HIV positive.
    (Econ, 4/10/04, p.39)
2004        Apr 10, Some 100,000 people in Taiwan protested the disputed presidential election.
    (WSJ, 4/12/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 10, Sakip Sabanci (71), Turkey’s richest man and head of Sabanci Holding, died. He left his niece Guler Sabanci in charge of his business.
2004        Apr 10, In Vietnam's troubled Central Highlands province of Daklak ethnic minority villagers protested over religion and land issues.
    (AP, 4/10/04)
2004        Apr 10, In Sri Lanka the Liberation Tigers took control of the areas held by the Karuna group and declared a two-day truce to allow civilians to celebrate the Buddhist and Hindu New Year.
    (AP, 4/11/04)

2005        Apr 10, Tiger Woods won his fourth Masters with a spectacular finish of birdies and bogeys.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2005        Apr 10, Steve Vaught (39) left his San Diego, Ca., home on a walking trip to New York in an effort to loose some of his 400 lbs. By July he was in Arizona and down to 350 lbs. A year later he was in Ohio with less than 400 miles to NYC. His weight was down to 292. He completed his walk at 178th and Broadway in New York City on May 9, 2006; he had lost approximately 100 lbs.
    (SFC, 7/9/05, p.A2)(www.thefatmanwalking.com)
2005        Apr 10, A blizzard hit eastern Colorado knocking out power and stranding travelers along highways and at the Denver airport.
    (SFC, 4/11/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 10, In Indian Kashmir 2 civilians were killed and 20 others wounded when suspected Muslim rebels hurled a grenade in a crowded area.
    (Reuters, 4/10/05)
2005        Apr 10, In Iraq Pres. Talabani called for extending amnesty to insurgents, but excluded clemency for al Qaeda and other armed foreign groups.
    (SFC, 4/11/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 10, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon arrived in Texas to meet with President Bush.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2005        Apr 10, Thousands of Israeli police encircled Jerusalem's Old City to keep Israeli ultranationalists out of a disputed holy site and prevent protests by jittery Muslim worshippers.
    (AP, 4/10/05)
2005        Apr 10, It was estimated that Maoist guerrillas controlled two-thirds of Nepal.
    (SSFC, 4/10/05, p.C6)
2005        Apr 10, Nepal agreed to immediately allow UN monitors into the country to help prevent human rights abuses.
    (AFP, 4/11/05)
2005        Apr 10, Colonel General Anatoly Trofimov, a former head of the FSB branch for Moscow and the Moscow region, was killed when the gunmen opened fire on his jeep in a northern residential area of Moscow.
2005        Apr 10, Spanish police seized a cache of explosives in an operation against the armed Basque separatist group ETA one week before a Basque regional election.
    (AP, 4/10/05)

2006        Apr 10, Tens of thousands of immigrants spilled into the streets of Atlanta and other US cities in a national day of action billed as a "campaign for immigrants' dignity." Some 200,000 gathered in DC; 10,000 in San Jose, Ca., and 5000 in SF.
    (AP, 4/10/06)(SFC, 4/11/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 10, Former Enron Chief Executive Jeffrey Skilling began testifying in his fraud and conspiracy trial in Houston, declaring himself “absolutely innocent.”
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2006        Apr 10, In northwestern Afghanistan gunmen killed five medical workers, while two policemen and a truck driver transporting food for US-led coalition troops were slain in bombings and shootings in a southern Taliban stronghold.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, Mark Vaile, Australia's trade minister, said he did not read a string of diplomatic cables warning that the country's monopoly wheat exporter allegedly was paying multimillion-dollar kickbacks to Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, Australian scientists reported the discovery of an "anti-freeze gene" that allows Antarctic grass to survive at minus 30°C, saying it could prevent multi-million-dollar crop losses from frost.
2006        Apr 10, In Canada 5 men were charged in the slayings of 8 people who were found on an isolated farm in Ontario in what police called an "internal cleansing" of a motorcycle gang. Most of the victims were either full or associate members of the Bandidos motorcycle gang.
    (AP, 4/11/06)
2006        Apr 10, It was reported that China has agreed to open a corridor through its tightly restricted airspace. This could save airlines $30 million a year in fuel and trim an average half hour off flight times between China and Europe.
    (WSJ, 4/10/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 10, In China an explosion in a hospital parking garage killed at least 30 people. The blast occurred in an underground garage at a hospital for the staff of the Xuangang Coal and Electricity Co. Ltd. in Shanxi province's Yuanping county. Local authorities found explosives at the site.
    (AP, 4/11/06)
2006        Apr 10, In northwest China a truck crashed into a minivan and a passenger bus after its brakes failed, killing at least 26 people and injuring 24.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, Cuba and Venezuela signed agreements for a joint venture to revamp an unfinished Soviet-era refinery in Cuba and supply it with oil from Venezuela.
    (WSJ, 4/12/06, p.A7)
2006        Apr 10, Egypt’s Health and Population Minister Hatem el-Gabali said a 12th case of human bird flu has been found.
    (Reuters, 4/11/06)
2006        Apr 10, The EU barred Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko and dozens of his senior officials from entering any bloc countries to protest his re-election last month in a vote that international observers said was rigged.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, EU foreign ministers endorsed a freeze of aid to the Palestinian government but said they would seek alternative ways of providing money for humanitarian projects.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, French President Jacques Chirac threw out part of a youth labor law that triggered massive protests and strikes, bowing to intense pressure from students and unions and dealing a blow to his loyal premier in a bid to end the crisis.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, Haiti's interim leader PM Gerard Latortue announced a probe into the finances of all government agencies amid allegations of corruption by state officials in the aftermath of a bloody revolt that toppled the previous government.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, In Indonesia separatist rebels armed with bows and arrows stormed a military post in Papua province, sparking a battle that killed two soldiers and two attackers.
    (AP, 4/11/06)
2006        Apr 10, Israel suspended formal security ties with the Palestinians in a bid to further isolate the new Hamas government one day after declaring it a hostile entity.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, A Kenyan military plane carrying politicians to a peace conference crashed while attempting to land in northern Kenya, killing a Cabinet minister, six other politicians and at least seven other people.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, Salman Khan, one of Bollywood's biggest film stars, was sent to prison for five years for killing a protected antelope.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, In northern India a fire swept through tents at a trade fair in a consumer electronics show in the town of Meerut, killing at least 52 people.
    (AP, 4/11/06)
2006        Apr 10, Lebanon arrested 9 Lebanese and Palestinians suspected of plotting the assassination of Hezbollah’s leader.
    (WSJ, 4/11/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 10, Mexican soldiers seized 128 suitcases packed with 5.6 metric tons of cocaine worth more than $100 million from a commercial plane arriving from Venezuela. Smugglers had purchased the DC-9 plane with laundered funds transferred through US banks Wachovia Corp. and Bank of America. In 2010 court papers said a gang under Walid Makled operated the DC-9 and flew the cocaine from Simon Bolivar International to Campeche, Mexico. Makled was arrested Aug 19, 2010 in Colombia in the border city of Cucuta. In Nov 2010 Colombia denied an extradition request for Makled by the US, saying that the suspect will be sent back to face charges in his home country.
    (AP, 4/12/06)(SFC, 6/30/10, p.D1)(AP, 11/17/10)
2006        Apr 10, In Maputo, Mozambique, African leaders launched a campaign to get every child in school by 2015, and Britain responded by pledging $15 billion in education aid to developing countries over the next decade.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10, In Nepal security forces fired tear gas and beat protesters with batons to break up democracy rallies as the political crisis deepened.
    (AP, 4/10/06)
2006        Apr 10-2006 Apr 12, About 25 people were killed in three days of skirmishes between two Nigerian tribes over ownership of land in the central state of Plateau.
    (Reuters, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 10, Hadil Ghaben (8) was killed when 2 Israeli shells blew huge holes in a concrete block house in Beit Lahiya in the northern Gaza Strip. The girl's mother and seven siblings were hurt in the attack.
    (AP, 4/11/06)

2007        Apr 10, The US Treasury Department said authorities in Macau are ready to release frozen North Korean funds that have impeded disarmament talks.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, Maryland became the first US state to approve a plan to give its electoral votes for president to the winner of the national popular vote, instead of the candidate chosen by state voters. The plan would only go into effect if states representing a majority of the nation’s 538 electoral votes decided to make the same change.
    (SFC, 4/11/07, p.A3)
2007        Apr 10, Protein Sciences, a vaccine company, said caterpillars offer a faster, safer medium to culture flue vaccine than chicken eggs.
    (WSJ, 4/11/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 10, Dakota Staton (b.1930), jazz singer, died in NYC. She was well known for her 1957 album “The Late, Late Show.”
    (SFC, 4/21/07, p.B5)
2007        Apr 10, A court in the Bahamas announced that DNA tests proved Larry Birkhead, the former boyfriend of Anna Nicole Smith, is the father of her infant daughter.
    (AP, 4/11/07)
2007        Apr 10, Bolivia opened a new front in its fight to reduce illegal coca production, sending US-backed eradication teams into a traditional coca-growing region in the Andean foothills long avoided by previous governments.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, Diabetes scientists 15 Type 1 Brazilians did not need insulin shots after therapy with stem cells from their own blood. It was also reported that such stem cells helped repair heart damage due to Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, carried by kissing bugs (barbeiros).
    (WSJ, 4/11/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 10, China reported a sharp drop in its politically sensitive trade surplus and angrily rejected US plans to file a World Trade Organization complaint over product piracy amid pressure for Beijing to rein in its bulging trade gap. The US filed two new complaints against China at the WTO over copyright policy and restrictions on the sale of American movies, music and books. China missed its deadline for announcing a total tally of completed tax returns. Officials estimated some 1.6 million filed with 6m-7m required to file.
    (AP, 4/10/07)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.49)
2007        Apr 10, In China’s southeast Guangxi Zhuangzu region thousands of fish were reported killed this month in a lake near Nanning due to “sharp drops in temperature.”
    (SFC, 4/12/07, p.A3)
2007        Apr 10, Peter Brixtofte (57), the free-spending Danish mayor of Hilleroed (1986-2002), was convicted of abusing his office and sentenced to two years in prison. He had became hugely popular for offering free vacations to retirees and computers to school children.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, The Ethiopian government acknowledged detaining 41 suspected international terrorists from 17 countries and said foreign investigators were given permission to question them. A statement said 29 of the suspects have been ordered released by a Military Court and five already have been freed.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, The European Court of Human Rights ruled that a British woman left infertile after being treated for ovarian cancer has no right to frozen embryos against the wishes of her former fiance, who provided the sperm.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, In Greece cleanup crews struggled to avert a major oil spill after a sunken cruise ship leaked dozens of tons of oil off the resort island of Santorini at the start of the summer tourist season.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, Iraq's prime minister began a visit to South Korea saying he wants to learn from the Asian nation's fast rise as an economic power. A woman with explosives hidden beneath her abaya detonated them in a crowd of about 200 police recruits in Muqdadiyah, killing at least 16 people. A battle in two Sunni enclaves left 20 suspected insurgents and 4 Iraqi soldiers dead, and 16 US soldiers wounded. A parked car bomb exploded at a checkpoint near Baghdad University, killing at least 6 people and wounding 11. A Katyusha rocket hit a basketball court at a boys school in eastern Baghdad, killing a 6-year-old boy and wounding 17 others. US troops began building a wall around a Sunni enclave in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/10/07)(AP, 4/11/07)(AP, 4/21/07)
2007        Apr 10, Israeli authorities said they had arrested 19 Palestinian militants in March for planning to set off a huge car bomb in Tel Aviv over the Jewish holiday of Passover.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, Japan's Cabinet approved a six-month extension on trade sanctions against North Korea, which were imposed in the wake of the communist state's nuclear test last year.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, The African Union readmitted Mauritania to the pan-African organization from which it was suspended after a coup in 2005.
    (AFP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, Moroccan police surrounded a building in Casablanca where four terrorism suspects were holed, causing three to flee and blow themselves up with explosives. The fourth was shot dead by a police sharpshooter as he apparently tried to detonate his bomb.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, Officials from North and South Korea's Red Cross societies resumed talks on resolving the issue of South Korean prisoners of war and civilian abductees believed held in the communist country.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, In Panama the charred and mutilated body of Staten Island businesswoman Toni Grossi Abrams (57) was found on the outskirts of Panama City. Debra Ann Ridgley (56) of Pennsylvania, was later arrested as a suspect in the killing but had not been formally charged. Police searched for two other suspects identified as Colombian men, one of whom has previous drug charges against him.
    (AP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 10, In Serbia 4 paramilitaries seen in a video gunning down Bosnian Muslims near Srebrenica in 1995 were convicted of war crimes against civilians by Serbia's War Crimes Court.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, South African President Thabo Mbeki arrived in Khartoum to join the international push for UN peacekeepers in Darfur, amid fears of a regional spillover after clashes between Sudan and Chad. Officials said the UN, the African Union and the Sudanese government have reached agreement to beef up the African force in Sudan's violence-wracked Darfur region with UN troops, police and equipment.
    (AP, 4/10/07)
2007        Apr 10, Clashes between Sri Lankan soldiers and Tamil rebels in the island's north killed about 30 people. In southern Sri Lanka a passenger bus collided with a beer delivery truck and burst into flames, killing at least 23 people and injuring 56.
    (AP, 4/10/07)(AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 10, In Switzerland thieves stole jewelry worth about $825,000 from the Baselwood fair, the world's biggest and most luxurious watch and jewelry fair.
    (AP, 4/15/07)

2008        Apr 10, Most families in the April 16, 2007, Virginia Tech mass shootings agreed to an $11 million state settlement.
    (WSJ, 4/11/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 10, In Oakland, Ca. Larae Brown, the former city controller, filed suit claiming she was fired last year after informing her superiors and elected officials of potentially disastrous flaws in the city’s bookkeeping.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.B1)
2008        Apr 10, In Virginia a jury convicted Rev. James Bevel (71), a noted civil rights figure, of incest after concluding he had sex with his teenage daughter 15 years ago. His had daughter testified that Bevel had begun molesting her at age 6.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 10, The Pacific Fishery Management Council voted to cancel the chinook salmon fishing season in an effort to reverse the disappearance of the fish.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 10, American Airlines cancelled 933 flights to inspect and repair wiring bundles in its MDF-80 aircraft.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 10, Powerful storms brought hail, heavy rain and possible tornadoes to Arkansas, Texas, and Oklahoma, causing flooding and power outages for thousands of customers and at least one death.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, American Airlines canceled more than 900 flights to fix faulty wiring in hundreds of jets, marking the third straight day of mass groundings as company executives offered profuse apologies and travel vouchers to calm angry customers.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, In San Francisco Luis Solari (38) was shot and killed in an apparent incident of road rage. His 2 young sons survived as his car spun out of control before stopping on I-280.
    (SFC, 4/11/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 10, In Kandahar city, Afghanistan, a suicide car bomber targeting a US-led coalition convoy killed 8 civilians and wounded 25 other people, including three coalition soldiers.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd met China's premier for talks expected to touch on what Rudd has called significant human rights problems in Tibet. Rudd said Chinese paramilitary police will not be allowed to run alongside the Olympic torch in Australia, after their heavy-handed tactics drew criticism in earlier legs of the relay.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, The Bank of England cut its key interest rate .25% to five%, balancing the risks of rising near-term inflation and economic slowdown spread by the credit crisis.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, The West's last remaining feudal system came to an end after the Privy Council endorsed a vote by locals on the tiny Channel Island of Sark to change the way they are governed.
    (Reuters, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, In China a police spokesman said authorities have detained 45 East Turkestan "terrorist" suspects (Uighurs), and foiled plots to carry out suicide bomb attacks and kidnap athletes to disrupt the Beijing Olympics.
    (Reuters, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, Berlin police found a body that is probably that of Anna Mikhalchuk (52), a missing Russian artist, who had been condemned by the Orthodox Church for an exhibit in her homeland. The death was an apparent suicide.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, Iran reported that the SenIran Auto plant in Thies, Senegal's second largest city, has built its first Iran-Khodro Samand sedan. Iran Khodro is the largest carmaker in the Middle East, Central Asia and North Africa regions with annual production of more than one million various vehicles including cars, trucks and buses.
    (Econ, 2/6/10, p.49)
2008        Apr 10, A US airstrike targeted a building in Baghdad's Sadr City, hours after American soldiers clashed with Shiite militants in fighting that left 15 people dead. Police said the four killed in the air strike were civilians, including two brothers who were under 10 years old.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, Israel cut off all fuel supplies to Gaza's 1.4 million residents, one day after militants killed 2 civilians at a fuel terminal.
    (AP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, Leftist lawmakers took over both chambers of Mexico's Congress to protest President Felipe Calderon's energy reform bill, which would make it easier for the state oil company to seek outside help to develop oil fields.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, In Mexico police, working with FBI agents in the small town of Tacambaro, arrested Cpl. Cesar Laurean (21). He is charged with first-degree murder in the December, 2007, death at Camp Lejeune, NC, of Marine Lance Cpl. Maria Lauterbach, who had accused him of rape.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, Nepal gave an historic vote of support for a peace process that is set to abolish an unpopular monarchy and reshape the impoverished country. The final results were not expected for several weeks. Sporadic violence, including two deaths in the ethnically tense south, was reported.
    (AFP, 4/10/08)
2008        Apr 10, In Pakistan Ahmad Shah, a Taliban commander also known as Mullah Ismail, was killed in a shootout with security forces near Peshawar. He  was blamed for the deadliest attack on US troops since they entered Afghanistan in 2001.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 10, In Sri Lanka government forces attacked Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers along the front lines in the war-ravaged northern region, triggering gunbattles that killed 13 rebels and wounded 11 soldiers.
    (AP, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, In Thailand 54 illegal migrant workers from Myanmar suffocated in the back of an unventilated truck, while the rest of the passengers being smuggled to Thailand pounded on the container and screamed in vain for the driver's help. 37 of the dead were women and 17 were men. A Thai court the next day convicted some 64 survivors of illegal entry and rule to send them back to Myanmar.
    (AP, 4/10/08)(Reuters, 4/11/08)
2008        Apr 10, The UN Environment Program said dumping of waste by ships in the Mediterranean Sea will become illegal as of May 1, 2009.
    (AFP, 4/11/08)

2009        Apr 10, A US immigration board rejected suspected Nazi death camp guard John Demjanjuk's appeal of an extradition order, paving the way for deportation to Germany to face charges he committed atrocities.
    (AFP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, In Arizona Samuel Valdivia (18), a high school student, was caught with his math teacher, Tamara Hofmann (48) in her bedroom, and was stabbed to death by boyfriend Sixto Balbuena (20), who was himself a former student of hers. Balbuena, a Navy sailor on leave from California, was arrested on a charge of second-degree murder after police found him covered in blood and told them about the killing.
    (AP, 4/15/09)
2009        Apr 10, Areas of Tennessee were hit by a savage line of storms that wrecked homes, killed a mother and her baby and injured dozens of others.
    (AP, 4/11/09)
2009        Apr 10, In Michigan a student fatally shot a female classmate before turning the gun on himself in an apparent murder-suicide that prompted a lockdown at Dearborn’s Henry Ford Community College, west of Detroit. The bodies of Asia McGowan (20) of Ecorse, and Anthony Powell (28) of Detroit, were discovered inside a classroom.
    (AP, 4/11/09)
2009        Apr 10, In southern Afghanistan Taliban attackers killed six policemen. ISAF security troops killed 18 insurgents in the northeastern province of Kunar.
    (AFP, 4/10/09)(AP, 4/12/09)
2009        Apr 10, In Algeria President Abdelaziz Bouteflika hailed his landslide re-election for a third term as a "lesson in democracy," but opposition politicians and independent media alleged fraud at the polls, and the US government expressed concern.
    (AP, 4/11/09)
2009        Apr 10, In Britain 11 environmental activists from a group called Eastside Climate Action were arrested after they entered the power station and climbed onto equipment at the coal-fired Ratcliffe-on-Soar plant outside Nottingham. In 2011 a trail against 6 of the accused activists broke down after police a infiltrator prepared to give evidence on their behalf.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratcliffe-on-Soar_Power_Station)(AFP, 1/10/11)
2009        Apr 10, About 30 protesters tried to force their way into China's elite Peking University to confront Sun Dongdong, a law professor, who said 99 percent of the people petitioning the government with grievances are mentally ill and could be institutionalized.
    (AP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, A study was released saying China has 32 million more young men than young women, a gender gap that could lead to increasing crime, because parents facing strict birth limits abort female fetuses to have a son.
    (AP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, Fiji's Pres. Ratu Josefa Iloilo (88) suspended the constitution of his troubled South Pacific country and fired the judges who had declared its military government illegal.
    (AP, 4/10/09)(Econ, 4/18/09, p.44)
2009        Apr 10, In France Ekaitz Sirvent Auzmendi (29), suspected of being a master forger for ETA, was captured by French and Spanish police as he got off a bullet train that had arrived from Bordeaux at the French capital's Montparnasse station.
    (AP, 4/11/09)
2009        Apr 10, France's navy freed a sailboat seized off Somalia last week by pirates, but one of the hostages was killed. Pirates had seized the sailboat carrying Florent Lemacon, his wife, 3-year-old son and two friends off the Somali coast a week ago. Two pirates were killed, and Lemacon died in an exchange of fire as he tried to duck down the hatch.
    (AP, 4/11/09)
2009        Apr 10, About 20,000 demonstrators kept up the pressure on Georgia's president to resign, with some pelting his residence with cabbages and carrots on a second day of protests.
    (AP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, In Greece a teenage student (19) armed with two handguns, dozens of bullets and a knife opened fire in a vocational training college in Athens, wounding three people before shooting himself in the head. He left a note accusing his fellow students of picking on him.
    (AP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, In western India a blaze at a fireworks factory killed at least 23 workers and injured 48 others.
    (AP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, Iran hanged three men for their involvement in a bombing inside a packed mosque that killed 14 people on April 12, 2008.
    (AP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, In northern Iraq a suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden truck into a sandbagged wall surrounding a police headquarters in Mosul, killing five American soldiers and two Iraqi policemen in the single deadliest attack against US forces in more than a year.
    (AP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, Japan renewed and strengthened sanctions against North Korea, but disagreed with the US over how the UN Security Council should censure Pyongyang for its rocket launch.
    (AP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, In the Netherlands a man (44) pulled a gun in Rotterdam’s Laurenshof cafe after an argument and shot a patron inside, then rushed outside where he shot three more people. Several people chased the gunman when he ran outside, overpowered and disarmed him, and wrestled him to the ground until police arrived.
    (AP, 4/11/09)
2009        Apr 10, In southwest Pakistan four people were wounded in a bomb blast, where businesses closed for a second day to protest against the murder of 3 separatist politicians.
    (AFP, 4/10/09)
2009        Apr 10, In Moscow Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki met with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and PM Vladimir Putin. Al-Maliki told Medvedev in the Kremlin that Iraq is interested in Russian investment, and Putin said at a joint news conference that talks focused on oil and gas cooperation.
    (AP, 4/11/09)
2009        Apr 10, In Somalia Islamist militants attacked African Union peacekeepers in Mogadishu overnight, sparking heavy exchanges that killed two civilians.
    (AFP, 4/10/09)

2010        Apr 10, A US warship captured six suspected pirates after a battle off the Horn of Africa, the Navy's third direct encounter with seafaring bandits in less than two weeks. On Aug 17 a federal judge in Richmond, Va., threw out piracy charges against the 6 Somali men, saying the government had not shown that the men violated US piracy law. On Nov 29 Jama Idle Ibrahim, a Somali citizen, was sentenced to 30 years in prison for his role in the attack.
    (AP, 4/10/10)(SFC, 8/18/10, p.A4)(SFC, 11/30/10, p.A9)
2010        Apr 10, Dixie Carter (b.1939), "Designing Women" (1986-1993) star, died. Her Southern charm and natural beauty had won her a host of television roles. She appeared in TV soap operas in the 1970s, but did not become a national star until her recurring roles on "Diff'rent Strokes" and another series, "Filthy Rich," in the 1980s. She married actor Hal Holbrook in 1984. The two had met four years earlier while making the TV movie "The Killing of Randy Webster," and although attracted to one another, each had suffered two failed marriages and were wary at first.
    (AP, 4/11/10)
2010        Apr 10, Afghan officials said 2 Italian doctors are among nine people detained in an alleged plot to kill Helmand's provincial governor. On April 18 Afghan authorities released three Italian medical workers who had been detained for a week, clearing them of allegations they were part of a Taliban plot to kill a provincial governor.
    (AP, 4/10/10)(AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 10, Bolivian delegate Pablo Solon confirmed that the US reduced aid after Bolivia opposed the adoption of the Copenhagen Accord brokered at the UN climate summit last December in the Danish capital. The Washington Post reported on April 9 that the US is cutting $3 million to Bolivia and $2.5 million to Ecuador from its Global Climate Change initiative.
    (AP, 4/10/10)
2010        Apr 10, The border between Chad and Sudan reopened seven years after the Darfur conflict forced its closure, in another sign of improved relations between the former foes.
    (AFP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 10, French explorer Jean-Louis Etienne (63) made the first Arctic crossing by balloon, landing in the tundra of eastern Siberia five days after taking off in Norway.
    (AP, 4/10/10)
2010        Apr 10, Greek police arrested six people suspected of being members of Revolutionary Struggle, a terrorist group accused of a rocket strike against the US Embassy and the shooting of a riot policeman.
    (AP, 4/11/10)
2010        Apr 10, In western Iran assailants blasted open a prison wall with rocket propelled grenades, allowing 2 convicted murderers to escape from the central prison in the city of Ilam. 5 people convicted of drug trafficking were hanged at a prison in the northeastern city of Mashhad.
    (Reuters, 4/10/10)(AFP, 4/10/10)
2010        Apr 10, In Iraq five people including a child were killed in a pair of attacks near the northern city of Mosul. A second roadside bomb targeting an Iraqi army patrol south of Mosul went off around noon, killing a soldier and a child.
    (AP, 4/10/10)
2010        Apr 10, Kuwait deported back to Egypt at least 21 supporters of leading pro-reform Egyptian activist and former UN nuclear watchdog chief Mohamed ElBaradei, a day after arresting them. Some 20 more Egyptians were still being detained in Kuwait.
    (AFP, 4/10/10)(AP, 4/11/10)
2010        Apr 10, In Mexico the body of Enrique Villicana Palomares, a columnist for the daily newspaper The Voice of Michoacan, was found in Morelia with his throat slit. He had been reported missing last week after he didn't make it to a university where he taught writing.
    (AP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 10, Pakistani airstrikes killed nearly 100 suspected militants in two northwest tribal regions, an apparent intensification of efforts by the army to mop up Taliban fighters fleeing a military operation farther south. Up to 71 civilians were killed in the strike by Pakistani jets near the Afghan border. Military officials initially said 42 militants were killed in a gunfight and two air strikes in the Tirah valley, but tribesmen later said up to 61 civilians were killed. A security official estimated that 15 civilians died.
    (AP, 4/10/10)(AP, 4/13/10)(AP, 4/17/10)
2010        Apr 10, Polish President Lech Kaczynski (60) and some of the country's highest military and civilian leaders died when the presidential plane crashed as it came in for a landing in thick fog in western Russia, killing 96. The 26-year-old Tupolev was taking the president, his wife and staff to events marking the 70th anniversary of the massacre in Katyn forest of thousands of Polish officers by Soviet secret police. On board were the army chief of staff, the navy chief commander, and heads of the air and land forces. Also killed were the national bank president, deputy foreign minister, army chaplain, head of the National Security Office, deputy parliament speaker, Olympic Committee head, civil rights commissioner and at least two presidential aides and three lawmakers.
    (AP, 4/10/10)(AP, 4/11/10)
2010        Apr 10, Thai soldiers and police fought pitched battles with anti-government demonstrators in streets enveloped in tear gas, but troops later retreated and asked protesters to do the same. At least 23 people were killed, including a Japanese journalist, and more than 500 wounded, according to hospital officials. Hiro Muramoto (43), a Japanese TV cameraman who worked for Reuters for more than 15 years, was among those killed in the bloody clash.
    (AP, 4/10/10)(AP, 4/11/10)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.16)
2010        Apr 10, In Togo more than 6,000 opposition demonstrators took to the streets in the West African nation to protest the March presidential election results.
    (AP, 4/10/10)

2011        Apr 10, In western Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed three tribal elders, possibly in retaliation for their cooperation with the government. A NATO service member was killed in an attack in the north of the country. Kareem Daad, a district-level Taliban commander, was captured in an overnight raid in southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, Chinese state media reported that Intentional poisoning was behind the tainted milk that killed three children and caused 36 others to become ill in northwestern Gansu province last week. Police suspected that a couple poisoned milk from a local farmer, causing three deaths, because of anger over business disputes. Police soon found that nitrite was added to milk from Ma Wenxuan's farm near the city of Pingliang in Gansu province.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)(AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 10, In Egypt more than 1,000 protesters ignored an army order to leave Cairo's main square, extending into a third day their calls for a quick move to civilian rule and a deeper purge of corrupt officials.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, Police in central France arrested a man and a woman allegedly linked to the Basque separatist group ETA following a pair of weekend shooting incidents against officers that injured at least one.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, In the Ivory Coast UN and French helicopters fired rockets on strongman Laurent Gbagbo's residence in an assault the UN said was to retaliate for attacks by his forces on UN headquarters and civilians.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, In Libya NATO airstrikes battered Moammar Gadhafi's tanks, helping rebels push back government troops advancing quickly toward the opposition's eastern stronghold. After destroying 14 tanks around Misrata early in the day, warplanes struck more tanks and anti-aircraft guns in the late afternoon. The African Union said Muammar Gaddafi has accepted a roadmap for ending the conflict in Libya including an immediate ceasefire, but an opposition representative said it would only work if Gaddafi left power.
    (AP, 4/10/11)(AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, In Pakistan 7 suspected militants were killed in a clash with security forces in the Sardam area of the Swat Valley. In the Mohmand tribal region a paramilitary fighter was killed and two other wounded in a clash with militants during a search operation in Mitti area.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, A Palestinian official said Israel and militant groups in Gaza have agreed to a truce, as cross-border violence abated.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, Peru held presidential elections. Leftist Ollanta Humala won the first round of the presidential election but he did not win a majority according to exit polls and will now likely face rightist lawmaker Keiko Fujimori in a run-off.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, Sudan said that remnants of a missile used in a mysterious attack that killed two people on April 5 proved that Israel carried out the strike.
    (Reuters, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, Syrian security forces and pro-government gunmen killed four protesters in the port city of Banias after the army sealed off the city as hundreds of protesters gathered. State TV reported that nine soldiers were killed in an ambush near the city.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, In the UAR Nasser bin Ghaith, a financial analyst and an economics professor at the Abu Dhabi branch of Paris' Sorbonne university was detained in Dubai.
    (AP, 4/10/11)
2011        Apr 10, The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), a regional bloc of oil-rich Arab nations, called on Yemen's president to step down as part of a deal with the protest movement demanding for his ouster after 32 years.
    (AP, 4/10/11)(AFP, 4/10/11)

2012        Apr 10, Rick Santorum suspended his campaign during a press conference in Pennsylvania, his home state.
    (SFC, 4/11/12, p.A1)
2012        Apr 10, Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam signed into law a bill requiring the state’s education system to in part “explore scientific questions.” Some felt it would allow teachers to introduce creationism and intelligent design into science classrooms.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.44)
2012        Apr 10, In Afghanistan suicide bombers struck two government offices in the south and west, killing 16 people as militants step up attacks across the country with the arrival of spring temperatures. In addition 3 local policemen were killed in Musa Qala district when a suicide bomber on a motorcycle blew himself up near their vehicle.
    (AP, 4/10/12)(AP, 4/11/12)
2012        Apr 10, Britain and Japan pledged to expand collaboration on defense equipment as PM David Cameron looked to open Tokyo's potentially lucrative arms market.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, China announced that Bo Xilai was being suspended from the Communist Party’s Politburo and Central Committee, and that his wife, Gu Kailai, was a suspect in the death of Briton Neil Heywood last November.
    (SFC, 4/11/12, p.A3)
2012        Apr 10, A Chinese court sentenced disabled activist Ni Yulan and her husband to jail for "provoking trouble," a year after the couple were detained during a widespread crackdown on dissent. Ni and Dong, who have long helped victims of government-backed land grabs in China, were detained in April last year.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, China's 3 top Internet portals pledged to work with the government to banish online rumors, as jittery authorities cracked down on the web following widespread rumors of a coup.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, An Egyptian court suspended a 100-member panel selected by lawmakers from the Islamist-dominated parliament and tasked with drafting the country's new constitution. The verdict referred the case to a panel of senior judges to look into the legality of the panel.
    (AP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, In Egypt residents blocked a motorway on the Libyan border to protest security restrictions on cross-border traffic and increased tariffs for lorries. Security forces intervened, leading to clashes that left two people dead and four injured.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)
2012        Apr 10, Europe's human rights court ruled that Britain can extradite radical Muslim cleric Mustafa Kamal Mustafa, also known as Abu Hamza al-Masri (53), and four other suspects to the United States to face terrorism charges.
    (AP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, Raymond Aubrac (b.1914), one of the last major figures of the French Resistance, died. He got away from the Nazis' grasp in a now-legendary escape led by his equally renowned wife.
    (AP, 4/11/12)
2012        Apr 10, In Indonesia some 120 asylum seekers, mostly Afghans and some Iranians, demanded that Indonesia provide a vessel to allow them to continue to Australia, refusing to leave a tanker that rescued them at sea.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, Iran's official news agency said the country's intelligence department has dismantled an Israeli-linked assassination and sabotage network. State media later said 15 people were arrested for an attack planned on Feb 10.
    (AP, 4/10/12)(SFC, 4/19/12, p.A4)
2012        Apr 10, Iraq's fugitive vice president Tariq al-Hashemi said two more of his bodyguards have been tortured to death by security forces during a terrorism investigation last month.
    (AP, 4/11/12)
2012        Apr 10, Libyan ex-fighters furious over a decision to halt a cash rewards scheme opened fire against the headquarters of the interim government, but no injuries were reported.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, Malawi's new President Joyce Banda unveiled a shake-up of top officials charged with government finances and media, purging loyalists of the late leader Bingu wa Mutharika.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, Malaysia's government introduced legislation to stop arrests based on their political beliefs and indefinite detainments without trial. The Security Offenses Bill would replace the 52-year-old Internal Security Act, which was enacted to give the government preventive powers against national security threats.
    (AP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, In Mexico gunmen killed 8 taxi drivers in two attacks in Guadalupe, a suburb of Monterrey.
    (SFC, 4/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 10, In Papua New Guinea thousands rallied in Port Moresby to protest at any delays to elections, seen as crucial as the country rests on the cusp of a resources boom.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, A Philippines warship found Chinese fishing boats inside the Scarborough shoal with an illegal haul of giant clams, coral and live sharks. Two Chinese civilian patrol boats blocked the mouth of the shoal to stop the Philippines navy from arresting the fisherman.
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.44)
2012        Apr 10, In Saudi Arabia a Specialized Criminal Court in Riyadh found al-Bajady guilty of several offenses, including participating in the establishment of a human rights organization and harming the image of Saudi Arabia in media articles. He was reportedly tried in secret sentenced to four years in prison.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 10, South Africa's state-owned logistics company Transnet announced plans to create 588,000 jobs in its seven-year, $37.8-billion expansion program. The scheme included plans to develop railways, sea ports and pipelines to expand freight transport and ease bottlenecks that hamper mining exports.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, South Sudanese troops moved into Heglig, an oil-rich border town claimed by Sudan, as fighting intensified between the countries over who controls the area.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)
2012        Apr 10, Swaziland King Mswati III obtained a court order prohibiting a march the next day, the first of four days of planned demonstrations.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, Syrian troops shelled and raided opposition strongholds across Syria, activists said, denying claims by the foreign minister that regime forces have begun pulling out of some areas in compliance with a UN-brokered truce. Deadly violence killed 17 people across Syria, including at least seven civilians.
    (AP, 4/10/12)(AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, Tunisia said it will allow demonstrations on a symbolic street in the capital two days after police brutally clamped down on protesters who defied a ban on rallies.
    (AFP, 4/11/12)
2012        Apr 10, UN children's aid organization UNICEF led a cross-agency appeal for funds for the Sahel region (parts of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) where 15 million are suffering from malnutrition.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)
2012        Apr 10, In Yemen Al-Qaeda militants killed nine government soldiers in an attack on a makeshift military post on the road between Hadramawt and Marib province in the country's mostly lawless eastern provinces. Two more civilians were killed in Lawder.
    (AFP, 4/10/12)

2013        Apr 10, President Barack Obama sent Congress a $3.8 trillion spending blueprint that strives to achieve a "grand bargain" to tame runaway deficits, raising taxes on the wealthy and trimming popular benefit programs including Social Security and Medicare.
    (AP, 4/11/13)
2013        Apr 10, Tens of thousands of immigrants and activists rallied nationwide in a coordinated set of protests aimed at pressing the US Congress to approve immigration measures that would grant 11 million immigrants living here illegally a path toward citizenship.
    (AP, 4/10/13)
2013        Apr 10, California Gov. Jerry Brown, on a trade mission to Beijing, announced that a Chinese investor has agreed to help pay for a $1.5 billion development deal in Oakland to transform 65 acres of industrial waterfront.
    (SFC, 4/11/13, p.A1)
2013        Apr 10, A Florida couple, Joshua Michael Hakken and his wife, Sharyn, accused of kidnapping their two young sons and fleeing by boat to Cuba were handed over to the US and imprisoned. The children were returned to their maternal grandparents, who have official custody. Hakken lost custody of his sons last year after a drug possession arrest in Louisiana and later tried to take the children from a foster home at gunpoint.
    (AP, 4/10/13)
2013        Apr 10, In Atlanta, Georgia, Lauren Brown (55) lured firefighters to his home and held 4 hostage before being killed by a police SWAT team. The financially strapped man had demanded that his utilities be restored.
    (SFC, 4/12/13, p.A5)
2013        Apr 10, In London Mohammed Rizwan and Bahader Ali admitted engaging in conduct in preparation of acts of terrorism. Prosecutors said they were part of a gang that planned to detonate bombs hidden in backpacks. Three of the other plotters were convicted earlier this year.
    (AP, 4/10/13)
2013        Apr 10, Robert Edwards (87), a British Nobel prize-winning scientist (2010), died after a long illness. He was known as the father of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) for pioneering the development of "test tube babies."
    (Reuters, 4/10/13)
2013        Apr 10, In Chile Barrick Gold Corp. suspended construction on its Pascua Lama mine after a Chilean court ruled in favor of indigenous communities that say the world's highest-altitude gold mine threatens their water supply and pollutes glaciers.
    (AP, 4/10/13)
2013        Apr 10, A Danish man (31) was acquitted of molesting two 17-year-old girls after he was found to suffer from a rare sleep disorder known as "sexsomnia."
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 10, French Pres. Francois Hollande called for the abolition of tax havens in Europe and elsewhere.
    (Econ, 4/13/13, p.55)
2013        Apr 10, Ivory Coast lawmakers gave President Alassane Ouattara the authority to rule by decree on social and economic issues for 2013.
    (AP, 4/10/13)
2013        Apr 10, Jordan opened a second camp for Syrians fleeing the civil war at home. Officials feared that the number of Syrians could double in the next six months as the fighting escalates.
    (AP, 4/10/13)
2013        Apr 10, Mali authorities arrested Baba Ould Cheick, the Mayor of Tarkint, on drug trafficking charges three years after a plane full of cocaine landed near his northeastern town.
    (AP, 4/11/13)
2013        Apr 10, Mexican lime picker Alejandro Ayala (41) and several dozen co-workers, escorted by Federal Police, met with Michoacan state Interior Secretary Jesus Reyna over extortion protection payments by the Knights Templar cartel. On the way home his convoy was ambushed, twice. Ayala and 9 others were killed.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        Apr 10, In northwestern Pakistan gunmen shot to death a policeman protecting a team of female polio workers in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
    (AP, 4/10/13)
2013        Apr 10, South Korea's foreign minister told lawmakers that the prospect of a North Korean missile test is "considerably high," as Pyongyang calmly prepared to mark the April 15 birthday of its founder, historically a time when it seeks to draw the world's attention with dramatic displays of military power.
    (AP, 4/10/13)
2013        Apr 10, Syrian troops battled rebels in the outskirts of Damascus and pressed on with a counteroffensive against opposition fighters in the south to prevent their advance on the capital. At least 28 rebels and 13 soldiers were killed in the fighting around Damascus, while 15 opposition fighters and 28 government troops died in the fighting in Aleppo.
    (AP, 4/10/13)
2013        Apr 10, Togolese trade unions started a three-day protest. The unions are under the umbrella of the "Togolese Workers Synergy" or " Synergie des Travailleurs Togolais.
    (AP, 4/11/13)
2013        Apr 10, Uruguay lawmakers voted to legalize same-sex marriage.
    (SFC, 4/11/13, p.A4)
2013        Apr 10, Yemen's Pres. Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi removed his predecessor's son and nephews from powerful security posts in the most dramatic step yet in sidelining old regime figures.
    (AP, 4/10/13)

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