Return to home1034 Apr 11,
Romanus III Argyrus, Byzantine emperor (1028-34), was assassinated
by his wife.
1240 Apr 11, Llywelyn ab
Iorwerth the Great, monarch of Wales (1194-1240), died.
1370 Apr 11, Frederick I the
Warlike, elector of Saxony, was born.
1471 Apr 11, King Edward IV of
England captured London from Henry VI in the War of the Roses.
1500 Apr 11, Michael T.
Marullus, Greeks poet, drowned.
1512 Apr 11, The forces of the
Holy League were heavily defeated by the French at the Battle of
Ravenna. France under Gaston de Foix beat the Spanish Army. Gaston
de Foix, French pretender to Navarre throne, died in battle.
(HN, 4/11/99)(MC, 4/11/02)
1567 Apr 11, Dutch Prince
William of Orange fled from Antwerp to Breda.
1586 Apr 11, Pietro Della
Valle, composer, was born.
1602 Apr 11, Johann Neukrantz,
composer, was born.
1681 Apr 11, Anne Danican
Philidor, composer, was born.
1682 Apr 11, Jean-Joseph
Mouret, composer, was born.
1689 Apr 11, (OS) William III
and Mary II were crowned as joint sovereigns of Britain. As part of
their oaths, the new King William III and Queen Mary were required
to swear that they would obey the laws of Parliament. At this time,
the Bill of Rights was read to both William and Mary. "We thankfully
accept what you have offered us," William replied, agreeing to be
subject to law and to be guided in his actions by the decisions of
1713 Apr 11, The Peace of
Utrecht was signed, France ceded Maritime provinces to Britain. The
French colony of Acadia, now Nova Scotia, was ceded to Great
Britain. The Acadians had come from western France to fish and farm.
Those who would not swear allegiance to the crown were deported.
Many of these deportees went to the bayou country of Louisiana.
(WUD, 1994, p.7)(WSJ, 9/4/96, p.A12)(HN, 4/11/98)
1713 Apr 11, Spain ceded
Gibraltar in perpetuity to Britain under the Treaty of Utrecht.
(WSJ, 11/29/99, p.A29)
1722 Apr 11, Christopher Smart,
English journalist and poet, was born.
(HN, 4/11/01)(MC, 4/11/02)
1741 Apr 11, A Russian
commission found regent Count Biron guilty of treason and sentenced
him to death by quartering. The sentence was commuted to banishment
for life in Siberia.
(PCh, 1992, p.294)
1755 Apr 11, James Parkinson,
English physician, was born.
1770 Apr 11, George Canning,
British prime minister (1827), was born.
1772 Apr 11, Manuel Jose
Quintana, Spanish author, poet (El Duque de Viseo), was born.
1783 Apr 11, After receiving a
copy of the provisional treaty on 13 March, Congress proclaimed a
formal end to hostilities with Great Britain.
1794 Apr 11, Edward Everett,
governor of Massachusetts, statesman and orator, was born.
1801 Apr 11, Johann von
Schiller's "Die Jungfrau von Orleans (The Maid of Orleans),"
premieres in Leipzig.
1814 Apr 11, Napoleon Bonaparte
(45) abdicated at Fontainebleau a 2nd time and was banished to the
island of Elba, a small island in the Mediterranean, retaining the
title of emperor and 400 volunteers to act as his guard. He was
granted sovereignty over Elba and a pension from the French
government. [see Apr 6]
1839 Apr 11, John Galt (59),
Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), died.
1853 Apr 11, A steam line burst
on SF Bay ferry Jenny Lind as it made its way from Alviso to San
Francisco. 31 passengers were killed.
(SFC, 4/13/13, p.A1)
1856 Apr 11, Battle of Rivas;
Costa Rica beat William Walker's invading Nicaraguans.
1859 Apr 11, Basil Harwood,
composer, was born.
1861 Apr 11, Brig. Gen. P.G.T.
Beauregard ordered the Federals under the command of Major Robert
Anderson to surrender Fort Sumter, but Anderson refused.
Anticipating war between North and South, Confederate President
Jefferson Davis had ordered Beauregard to clear the harbor forts in
Charleston, South Carolina, of Union troops. For three long months,
Anderson and his besieged troops had waited for reinforcements at
Fort Sumter. Back in Washington, Union naval officer Gustavus Fox
raced against time to organize just such a mission.
1862 Apr 11, Charles Evans
Hughs, 11th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1930-41), was
born. He resisted President Franklin Roosevelt’s attempts to “pack"
the Supreme Court with judges favorable to the New Deal.
1862 Apr 11, Rebels surrendered
Ft Pulaski, Georgia.
1863 Apr 11, Battle of Suffolk,
VA (Norfleet House).
1865 Apr 11, Lincoln urged a
spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction.
1865 Apr 11, Battle of Mobile,
AL., evacuated by Confederates.
1871 Apr 11, James Burns
(1808-1871), Scottish publisher and author, died. He had founded The
Englishman’s Library in the 1840s, a series that went up to 31
1875 Apr 11, Heinrich Schwabe,
discoverer of the 11-year sunspot cycle, died.
1876 Apr 11, General Sir
Charles ("Chinese") Gordon ended religious tolerance in Sudan.
1881 Apr 11, River ferry
"Princess Victoria" sank in Thames River, Ontario, and 180 died.
[see May 24]
1886 Apr 11, General Nelson A.
Miles arrived at Fort Bowie, Ariz., to begin his assignment to
subjugate or destroy a band of Apaches led by Geronimo.
(ON, 10/06, p.1)
1889 Apr 11, Nick La Rocca, US
cornetist, composer (Tiger Rag), was born.
1890 Apr 11, Ellis Island was
designated as an immigration station.
1891 Apr 11, A Jewish tailor's
daughter (8) disappeared in Greece. A rumor spread that she was a
Christian girl ritually killed by Jews.
1893 Apr 11, Dean G. Acheson,
U.S. secretary of state (1949-53), was born. He helped create NATO.
1895 Apr 11, Anaheim, Ca.,
completed its new electric light system.
1898 Apr 11, American President
McKinley asked Congress to authorize military intervention in Cuba.
The war was fomented by New York newspapers in their own battle for
(AP, 4/11/07)(WSJ, 5/19/98, p.A20)
1899 Apr 11, Percy L. Julian,
chemist (drugs for treatment of arthritis), was born.
1899 Apr 11, The Treaty of
Paris ending the Spanish-American War was declared in effect. Spain
ceded Puerto Rico to US. [see Apr 12, 1898]
(AP, 4/11/97)(MC, 4/11/02)
1900 Apr 11, US Navy's 1st
submarine made its debut.
1901 Apr 11, Adriano Olivetti,
Italian engineer, manufacturer (typewriter), was born.
1901 Apr 11, Glenway Wescott,
writer, was born.
1902 Apr 11, Wade Hampton
(1818), Confederate Civil War general and post-war governor of South
Carolina (1877-1879), died. In 2008 Rod Andrew Jr. authored Wade
Hampton: Confederate Warrior, Conservative Statesman."
1906 Apr 11, Einstein
introduced his Theory of Relativity. [see 1905]
1906 Apr 11, James A. Bailey
(58), circus showman (Barnum & Bailey), died.
1908 Apr 11, Karel Ancerl,
Czech conductor (Prague, Toronto), was born.
1908 Apr 11, Leo Rosten,
writer, humorist, was born.
1909 Apr 11, Tel Aviv began as
a suburb of Jaffa. While Palestine was still under Ottoman rule,
sixty-six Jewish families took possession of lots in Karm al-Jabali,
on the northern outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa near the
Mediterranean coast amidst dunes, vineyards, and orchards. There
they established a “garden suburb" called Ahuzat Bayit
(“Homestead"), which in 2010 was renamed Tel Aviv, or Hill of
1914 Apr 11, George Bernard
Shaw's "Pygmalion," premiered.
1916 Apr 11, Alberto E.
Ginastera, composer (Panambi), was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1917 Apr 11, Babe Ruth beat NY
Yanks, pitching to a 3-hit, 10-3 win for Red Sox.
1921 Apr 11, Iowa became the
first state to impose a cigarette tax.
1924 Apr 11, WLS-AM in Chicago
IL began radio transmissions.
1925 Apr 11, Ethel Kennedy,
wife of assassinated Senator Robert F. Kennedy, was born.
1926 Apr 11, Gervase de Peyer,
clarinetist, was born.
1932 Apr 11, Joel Grey (Joe
Katz), actor, was born.
1933 Apr 11, Hermann Goering
became premier of Prussia.
1934 Apr 11, Richard A.
Garland, artist, photographer, was born.
1934 Apr 11, Mark Strand
(b.1934), Canadian poet, was born. He became the fourth national
poet laureate in 1990, and received dozens of angry letters when he
announced that he would not write any poems for national public
figures, even if the president's dog died. "Poetry is about slowing
down. You sit and you read something, you read it again, and it
reveals a little bit more, and things come to light you never could
1936 Apr 11, Rodgers' &
Hammerstein's musical "On Your Toes," premiered in NYC.
1939 Apr 11, SS Van Dine (50),
[William Huntingdon Wright], detective writer, died.
1941 Apr 11, Ellen Goodman,
Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist, was born.
1941 Apr 11, Germany bombers
blitzed Coventry, England.
1941 Apr 11, The Jewish Weekly
newspaper was taken control by Nazis.
1942 Apr 11, Detachment 101 of
the OSS, a guerrilla force, was activated in Burma.
1943 Apr 11, Frank Piasecki,
Vertol founder, flew his 1st (single-rotor) craft.
1945 Apr 11, The Americans
liberated the Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany. Some 250,000
prisoners passed through the camp and 50,000 are known to have died
there. From 1945 to 1950, occupying Soviet forces used the camp to
hold political prisoners.
(AP, 4/11/97)(WSJ, 3/26/99, p.B1)(SFC, 8/3/99,
1945 Apr 11, U.S. troops
reached the Elbe River in Germany.
1945 Apr 11, The US battleship
Missouri was struck by a kamikaze pilot while it was operating off
the coast of Okinawa.
1945 Apr 11, After two
frustrating days of being repulsed and absorbing tremendous
casualties, the Red Army took the Seelow Heights north of Berlin.
1945 Apr 11, The Nazi SS burned
and shot 1,100 at Gardelegen.
1947 Apr 11, Jackie Robinson
played in an exhibition between the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New
York Yankees, the first Negro to play in Major league baseball.
Jackie Robinson became the first black to play major league baseball
as he took the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers. Jackie Robinson
officially broke baseball's color barrier when he put on Dodgers
uniform No. 42 in April 1947. When Jackie Robinson joined the
Brooklyn Dodgers, talented black athletes toiled in relative
obscurity in the Negro leagues despite the exciting caliber of their
play. Brooklyn Dodgers' general manager Branch Rickey first
approached Jackie Robinson in August 1945 to participate in the
"great experiment" of integrating the major leagues.
(TMC, 1994, p.1947)(AP, 4/11/97)(HN,
1950 Apr 11, Bill Irwin, actor
and choreographer, was born.
1951 Apr 11, President Truman
relieved Gen. Douglas MacArthur of his commands in the Far East.
President Truman fired General Douglas MacArthur.
(AP, 4/11/97)(HN, 4/11/98)
1953 Apr 11, Oveta Culp Hobby
became the first Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare.
1955 Apr 11, Just before the
Bandung conference, an apparent attempt to kill China's then-Premier
Zhou Enlai resulted in the deadly crash of a chartered Air India
plane. Declassified Chinese documents have suggested that Taiwanese
agents placed the bomb in the mistaken belief that Zhou was on
board. The device detonated as the Lockheed Constellation, named
Kashmiri Princess, was descending north of Jakarta. It caused a fire
that forced the pilots to ditch the airliner. The co-pilot, flight
engineer and navigator managed to swim to safety, but 16 other
passengers and crew members drowned. They included six journalists
and Air India's chief pilot, Capt. D.K. Jatar.
1956 Apr 11, Elvis Presley's
"Heartbreak Hotel" went gold.
(SFC, 8/11/97, p.A1)
1956 Apr 11, French government
sent 200,000 reservists to Algeria.
1957 Apr 11, The Ryan X-13
Vertijet became the 1st jet to take-off and land vertically.
1959 Apr 11, "Jamaica" closed
at Imperial Theater in NYC after 558 performances.
1961 Apr 11, Folk singer Bob
Dylan performed in New York City for the first time, opening for
John Lee Hooker. [see Sep 26]
1961 Apr 11, Israel began the
trial of Adolf Eichman in Jerusalem. He was accused of World War II
(WSJ, 4/28/97, p.A17)(HN, 4/11/98)
1963 Apr 11, John XXIII put
forth his encyclical “On peace in truth, justice, charity and
1964 Apr 11, The Bangladesh
Observer (East Pakistan) reported that as many as 500 people may
have died as a tornado destroyed villages in the Narail and Magura
regions of Jessore.
1965 Apr 11, The Elementary and
Secondary Education Act became US law. It was passed as a part of
the "War on Poverty" and has been the most far-reaching Federal
legislation affecting education ever passed by Congress.
1965 Apr 11, A series of
tornados left 256 people dead in the US Midwest.
(WSJ, 9/13/01, p.B11)
1967 Apr 11, Tom Stoppard's
"Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are Dead," was performed by the
Royal National Theater at London’s Old Vic Theater. It had premiered
on Aug 26, 1966, in Edinburgh, Scotland.
1967 Apr 11, Harlem, NYC,
voters defied Congress and reelected Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
(1908-1972). In January, 1967, the House Democratic Caucus had
stripped Powell of his committee chairmanship following allegations
that Powell had misappropriated Committee funds for his personal use
and other charges. In June, 1969, the Supreme Court ruled that the
House had acted unconstitutionally when it excluded Powell, a duly
elected member. He returned to the House, but without his seniority.
1967 Apr 11, In the Vietnam
War, US planes bombed two thermal power plants in Haiphong, North
1968 Apr 11, President Johnson
signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1968, a week after the
assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. This included a Fair Housing
Act and the Indian Civil Rights Act, which limited sentences that
tribes could hand down on any charge to six months. In 1968 Congress
increased the maximum to one year. The Federal National Mortgage
Association (Fannie Mae - FNMA), established by the government in
1938, became a private, shareholder-owned company as part of the
Fair Housing Act.
1968 Apr 11, Riots erupted in
West Berlin after the shooting of student leader Rudi Dutschke
(1940-1979). He survived the assassination attempt by a right-wing
extremist, living for another twelve years until related health
problems caused his death.
1970 Apr 11, The Beatles' "Let
It Be" single was released in the US and quickly went to #1.
1970 Apr 11, Apollo 13 blasted
off on a mission to the moon, commanded by Jim Lovell, that was
disrupted on April 13, when an explosion crippled the spacecraft.
The astronauts managed to return safely on April 17.
(AP, 4/11/97)(AWAM, Dec. 94, p.79)(TMC, 1994,
1970 Apr 11, John H. O'Hara
(b.1905), US journalist and novelist (Pal Joey, Rage to Live), died.
In 2003 Geoffrey Wolff authored "The Art of Burning Bridges: The
Life of John O'Hara."
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_O%27Hara)(SSFC, 8/31/03, p.M2)
1974 Apr 11, The US House
Judiciary Committee votes 33-3 to issue a subpoena ordering Nixon to
turn over all tape recordings and related materials on 42
1974 Apr 11, United Mine
Workers president W. A. “Tony" Boyle was found guilty of
first-degree murder, for ordering the assassination of union
reformer Joseph A. “Jock" Yablonski in 1969. Yablonski, his wife and
daughter were murdered on December 30, 1969. Boyle had defeated
Yablonski in the UMW election earlier in the year-an election marred
by intimidation and vote fraud. In 1972 the election was set aside
by a federal court after Boyle had been convicted of illegal use of
UMW funds in the federal elections of 1968. In a new election held
in December, 1972, Boyle was defeated by rank and file reformist
Arnold Miller. Soon after the election Boyle was put on trial for
murdering the Yablonskis and was sentenced to three consecutive life
terms in prison.
(HNQ, 11/8/99)(SFC, 11/8/99, p.C2)
1976 Apr 11, In Cambodia Khmer
Rouge leader Khieu Samphan (b.1931) succeeded Prince Sihanouk as
premier. In 1979 he was succeeded by Heng Samrin.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khieu_Samphan)(Econ, 1/12/08, p.52)
1977 Apr 11, Jacques Prevert
(b.1900), French poet (La puil et le beau), died.
1979 Apr 11, Chinese diplomats
of Cambodia crossed into Thailand after a 15-day, 125-mile escape
from the Vietnamese Army. In 1992 "Chinese Diplomats in
International Crisis Situations" was authored by Yun Shui. An
English translation came out in 2003.
1979 Apr 11, Idi Amin was
deposed as president of Uganda as rebels and exiles backed by
Tanzanian forces seized control of Kampala. Amin escaped to Libya
and settled into exile in Saudi Arabia.
(AP, 4/11/97)(SFC, 10/15/99,
1980 Apr 11, Mother Jones
magazine won the 1980 national Magazine Award for Reporting
Excellence for a Nov. 1979 article by Mark Dowie on the export of
hazardous products banned from the US.
(SFC, 4/8/05, p.F2)
1980 Apr 11, The Equal
Employment Opportunity Commission issued regulations specifically
prohibiting sexual harassment of workers by supervisors.
1980 Apr 11, NASA’s Viking 2
Mars Lander ended communications.
1981 Apr 11, President Reagan
returned to the White House from the hospital, 12 days after John W.
Hinckley Jr. shot him in an assassination attempt.
(AP, 4/11/97)(HN, 4/11/98)
1981 Apr 11, A race riot
erupted in London area of Brixton. More than 300 people were injured
and 28 buildings were set ablaze. Lord Scarman (1911-2004) was later
appointed to investigate and report his findings.
1982 Apr 11, Ronald Allen (32),
a member of Your Black Muslim Bakery in Oakland, Ca., was found shot
to death on Easter morning near the Berkeley dump. A day earlier the
father of 5 had gone out for a meal with his bakery brethren.
(SFC, 12/24/07, p.A1)
1982 Apr 11, In Israel Alan
Goodman opened fire on Palestinians praying at the Temple Mount, the
site of Islam’s third-holiest shrine. He killed 2 and was sentenced
to life in prison. He was released to the US in 1997 after agreeing
to spend the next 8 years in the US.
1983 Apr 11, In the 3rd Golden
Raspberry Awards: Inchon! won.
1983 Apr 11, In the 55th
Academy Awards "Gandhi," Ben Kingsley and Meryl Streep won.
1984 Apr 11, Konstantin U.
Chernenko (1911-1985) was named Chairman of the Presidium of the
1985 Apr 11, Enver Hoxha
(b.1908), Albania’s Stalinist dictator, died. He was succeeded by
Ramiz Alia (b.1925).
(USAT, 2/11/97, p.A1)(SFC,10/21/97,
1986 Apr 11, Dodge Morgan
(1932-2010), American businessman, landed at St. George, Bermuda,
completing a 27,000 solo nonstop sail around the world in 150 days.
This broke a 292-day record set in 1971 by British sailor Chay
1986 Apr 11, In San Francisco
Jack Spiegelman (47) opened fire on accused killed Daniel David
Morgan in a Hall of Justice courtroom. Morgan (39) was on trial for
the 1983 murder of Spiegelman’s daughter, Sarah (17), who was shot
to death in Golden Gate Park.
(SSFC, 4/10/11, DB p.46)
1986 Apr 11, Halley's Comet
made its closest approach to Earth this trip at 63 M km.
1987 Apr 11, Invoking emergency
powers, the government of South Africa outlawed any action, word or
written document protesting the practice of detention without trials
or calling for the release of detainees.
1987 Apr 11, Erskine Caldwell
(83), Georgia-born novelist (Tobacco Road), died.
1987 Apr 11, Primo Levi
(b.1920), Italian chemist, Auschwitz survivor and writer, died in
Italy. In 2002 Carole Angier authored: "Primo Levi: A Biography."
His books included the 1947 memoir "If This Is a Man" and "The
Periodic Table." In 2002 Carole Angier authored the biography "The
(SSFC, 5/26/02, p.M1)(WSJ, 6/14/02,
1988 Apr 11, "The Last Emperor"
won best picture at the 60th annual Academy Awards ceremony; Cher
won best actress for "Moonstruck," Michael Douglas best actor for
1988 Apr 11, Hijackers of a
Kuwait Airways jetliner killed a second hostage, dumping his body
onto the ground in Larnaca, Cyprus.
1988 Apr 11, In Amsterdam the
Royal Concert building (Concertgebouw) reopened.
1989 Apr 11, Mexican officials
unearthed the remains of 12 of 13 victims of a drug-trafficking cult
near Matamoros. The dead included University of Texas student Mark
Kilroy, who had disappeared while on spring break.
1990 Apr 11, Funeral services
were held in Indianapolis for AIDS patient Ryan White, who had died
three days earlier at age 18. Among the 1,500 mourners were first
lady Barbara Bush and singers Elton John and Michael Jackson.
1990 Apr 11, Constantine
Mitsotakis (b.1918) of the New Democracy party became prime minister
of Greece with one vote from an independently elected member of the
parliament. He held office to October 13, 1993.
1991 Apr 11, The musical “Miss
Saigon," denounced by detractors as racist and sexist, opened on
1991 Apr 11, The space shuttle
“Atlantis" landed safely after an extended, 93-orbit mission that
included deployment of an observatory.
1991 Apr 11, U.N. Security
Council issued a formal cease fire with Iraq to end the Gulf War.
(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)(HN, 4/11/98)
1992 Apr 11, The Russian
Congress of People's Deputies rejected an appeal by President Boris
Yeltsin for another six months to carry out his reforms, ordering
him to select a new Cabinet by July; a compromise was worked out a
few days later.
1993 Apr 11, A deadly riot
erupted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville,
Ohio; one guard and nine inmates were killed during the 11-day
1994 Apr 11, The White House
disclosed that President and Mrs. Clinton had failed to report
$6,498 in income that the first lady made in commodities trading in
1980; the couple wrote checks totaling $14,615 in back taxes and
1995 Apr 11, Pres. Clinton
expressed sympathy for Pakistan's anger over the blocked sale of
American fighter jets, telling visiting PM Benazir Bhutto that it
was "not right" for the United States to keep the planes and refuse
to give the money back. Pakistan received jets in 2005
(AP, 4/11/00)(Reuters, 3/26/05)
1996 Apr 11, The Shell Oil Mars
platform was to be towed to the Gulf of Mexico. Its construction
began in Italy in Oct, 1993 and it will stand over 320 stories from
ocean floor to the top of the rigging. Its cost was $650 mil. and it
weighs 73 mil. lbs. Another $450 mil. will be spent to drill 26
wells and will begin pumping oil this summer at a rate of 100,000
barrels a day. The oil deposits lie as much as 14,000 feet under the
ocean floor, which is another half-mile below the surface.
(WSJ, 4/4/96, A-6)
1996 Apr 11, Chlorine spilled
from a train and caused the people of Alberton, Montana, to flee for
(SFC, 4/28/96, B-9)
1996 Apr 11, The St. Charles
Baptist Church in Paintcourtville, La., burned down. Arson was
suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1996 Apr 11, Jessica Dubroff
(7) was killed with her father and flight instructor when their
Cessna Cardinal 177B crashed during bad weather in Cheyenne,
Wyoming. She was attempting to become the youngest person to fly
across the US.
(SFC, 4/16/96, p.A-1,11)(AP, 4/11/97)
1996 Apr 11, Daniel Wolf (80),
journalist, died. In 1955 he launched The Village Voice with
novelist Norman Mailer and Ed Fancher, a truck
1996 Apr 11, Forty-three
African nations signed the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty.
1996 Apr 11, Israeli aircraft
attacked a Hezbollah command center in Beirut in retaliation for
recent rocket attacks on northern Israel.
(WSJ, 4/12/96, p.A-1)
1997 Apr 11, The Air Force
announced that that despite an intensive nine-day search, it
couldn't find a bomb-laden A-10 warplane that had disappeared with
its pilot during a training mission over Arizona. Wreckage was later
found on a Colorado mountainside.
1997 Apr 11, Some 25,000 people
marched in Watsonville, Ca., to support the UFW drive to organize
farm workers. Their focus was to begin with the state’s $576 million
(SFC, 4/14/97, p.A11)
1997 Apr 11, In Angola a
national reconciliation governing body was formed that united the
MPLA under president Jose Eduardo dos Santos and UNITA under Jonas
(SFC, 4/12/97, p.A12)
1997 Apr 11, The EU postponed
for 6 months a WTO case that charged the US with unfair trade
(WSJ, 4/14/97, p.A1)
1997 Apr 11, Parliament
rejected Prime Minister H.D. Devegowda, head of the 10-month-old
coalition government by a vote of 292 to 158 in the 545-seat lower
house, the Lok Sabha. He was rejected after the Congress Party
withdrew it support. The Congress Party, which has ruled for 45 of
the 50 years since independence, complained that Gowda failed to
halt gains by the BJP (Bharatriya Janata Party).
(SFC, 4/12/97, p.A10)(SFC, 11/29/97, p.A12)
1997 Apr 11, In Italy, fire
damaged the 500-year-old San Giovanni Cathedral, home of the Shroud
of Turin, which some consider Christ's burial cloth.
1997 Apr 11, In Serbia minister
Radovan Stojicic (aka Badza or “Big Man" in Serbian) was shot and
killed by a masked assailant at a Belgrade restaurant. He was the
commander of Milosevic’s security police and was expected to take
over the Interior Ministry.
(SFC, 4/12/97, p.A10)
1998 Apr 11, In Benoni, South
Africa, Nicholas Steyn (42), a white farmer, shot Francina Diamina
(11) and her 6-month old cousin, Angelina, for trespassing. The baby
was hit in the head and killed and Francina was wounded in the back.
Steyn was convicted of culpable homicide in 1999. Steyn was given a
suspended sentence in 1999 and freed.
(SFC, 4/18/98, p.A8)(SFC, 3/6/99, p.A14)(WSJ,
1998 Apr 11, The executive
committee of the Ulster Union Party voted 55-23 to support the
Northern Ireland peace accord and its leader, David Trimble, who had
outmaneuvered rebels in his ranks.
1999 Apr 11, Jose Maria
Olazabal won the Masters by two shots over Davis Love III.
1999 Apr 11, In Los Angeles
British architect Sir Norman Foster was named the winner of the 1999
Pritzker Architecture Prize.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A4)
1999 Apr 11, The Justice
Department reported that more than one-third of the women in state
prisons and jails said they were physically or sexually abused as
1999 Apr 11, In Yonkers, NY,
some 400 Americans prepared to fly to Albania to fight as volunteers
with the KLA.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A14)
1999 Apr 11, NATO restrained
bombing over the Orthodox Easter but struck at least 50 targets in
Kosovo alone. 3 Serbian civilians were reported killed.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A13)
1999 Apr 11, Albania decided to
hand over control of its airspace, ports and military infrastructure
to NATO and to accept more NATO troops.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A17)
1999 Apr 11, Hungary turned
back a Russian aid convoy headed for Belgrade.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A12)
1999 Apr 11, India tested a new
missile with a 1,250 mile range.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A12)
1999 Apr 11, Israel warplanes
fired at least 10 missiles in 2 raids on suspected guerrilla bases
in southern Lebanon.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A13)
1999 Apr 11, In Japan a
gubernatorial election in Tokyo showed conservative author Shintaro
Isihara (66) in the lead. Ishihara won with 29.6% of the total vote.
(SFC, 4/10/99, p.A10)(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A12)
1999 Apr 11, In Niger Daouda
Malam Wanke, head of the guard unit that witnesses said assassinated
Pres. Bare., was named president and head of the National Council
for Reconciliation, which would run for a 9 month transition period.
The Supreme Court and National Assembly were dissolved.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A13)
1999 Apr 11, In Belgrade,
Serbia, Slavko Curuvija, the owner of a prominent opposition
newspaper, Dnevni Telegraf (Daily Telegraph), was shot and killed by
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A14)
2000 Apr 11, Israeli Prime
Minister Ehud Barak met with President Clinton at the White House in
what a senior US official described as a good, productive, serious
2000 Apr 11, In Bolivia some
anti-government protests continued but in Cochabamba tensions eased
after the government canceled a contract with Aguas del Tunari, a
Bechtel subsidiary, that threatened increased water prices. In
2002 Bechtel demanded $25 million for suspension of the 40-year
(SFC, 4/12/00, p.A17)(SFC, 2/2/02, p.A1)
2000 Apr 11, In Bosnia 3
children were killed after they wandered into a mine field near
(WSJ, 4/12/00, p.A1)
2000 Apr 11, A British judge
branded historian David Irving an anti-Semite racist and an
apologist for Adolf Hitler, ruling that an American scholar was
justified in calling him a Holocaust denier.
2000 Apr 11, In Gambia students
set fire to government buildings across the country to protest the
killing of 12 people at a demonstration.
(SFC, 4/12/00, p.A17)
2000 Apr 11, In Peru the vote
count reached 49.79% for Pres. Fujimori and tensions mounted under
(WSJ, 4/12/00, p.A1)
2001 Apr 11, Ending a tense
11-day standoff, China released the 24 US spy plane crew members
detained since April 1. US text was released with the words
“sincerely regret" and translated to “chengzhi yihan." In China the
text was translated to "shenbiao qianyi" meaning “deeply sorry."
Beijing kept the spy plane pending an investigation and more talks.
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.A1,14)(WSJ, 4/12/01, p.A1)(AP,
2001 Apr 11, In northern India
8 Islamic separatists and 2 government soldiers were killed in gun
battles in Jammu and Kashmir.
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.C2)
2001 Apr 11, Israel sent tanks
and bulldozers into the Khan Yunis refugee camp and demolished over
2 dozen homes. 2 Palestinians were killed and 25 injured in ground
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 4/12/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 11, In South Africa 43
people were killed in a stampede at a soccer game in Ellis Park
Stadium in Johannesburg. Over 150 were injured.
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.A12)
2001 Apr 11, In Turkey as many
as 130,000 protesters in several cities fought with police and
called for the resignation of PM Ecevit due to the economic crises.
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.C2)
2002 Apr 11, US Sec. of State
Colin Powell arrived in Israel to push for peace talks. Israel sent
tanks and troops into 2 more Palestinian villages. A Palestinian
suicide bomber died when his explosives blew up prematurely.
(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A1)(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 11, In Ohio Rep. James
A Traficant Jr. (60), Democrat from Youngstown, was convicted on 10
felony counts of racketeering and corruption. Traficant was later
expelled from Congress and sentenced to eight years in prison.
(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A3)(AP, 4/11/03)
2002 Apr 11, The US House
responded to the Enron collapse by voting to add more worker
protections to pension laws.
2002 Apr 11, It was reported
that astronomers had identified 2 stars, RXJ-1856 and 3C58, that
were possibly composed of quarks, the building blocks of protons and
neutrons, proposed by Murray Gell-Mann in 1963.
(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A2)
2002 Apr 11, China reported
that some 850,000 people were infected with AIDS at the end of 2001.
(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A8)
2002 Apr 11, In Colombia rebels
kidnapped 13 lawmakers in Cali. A legislator and 4 aides were
rescued and 1 police officer was killed. Sigifredo Lopez, one of the
abducted legislators, survived a mistaken rebel attack in 2007 that
left his 11 colleagues dead. He was released by the FARC in 2009.
(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A9)(AP, 9/13/12)
2002 Apr 11, In the Philippines
the ferry MV Carmela with 240 passengers caught fire and at least 15
people were killed.
(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A8)
2002 Apr 11, In South Africa a
white judge acquitted Dr. Wouter Basson (“Dr. Death"), former head
of the chemical and biological weapons program, of 46 counts murder,
fraud and drug dealing following a 2 ½ year trial.
(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A8)
2002 Apr 11, In Tunisia a gas
tanker truck crashed into the wall of the El Ghriba synagogue on the
island of Djerba and killed 14 Germans, 6 Tunisians and a Frenchman.
The government at first called it an accident. Later evidence
indicated that it was an act of terrorism. Nizar Nawar (24), a
Tunisian citizen who had studied in Canada, was the driver. Al Qaeda
later claimed responsibility. In 2006 a Spanish court sentenced two
men to a total of 10 years in prison for their part in a suicide
bombing. In 2006 Nawar’s uncle, Belgacem Nawar (44), was convicted
in Tunis and sentenced to years in prison for aiding in the attack.
(SFC, 4/17/02, p.A8)(SFC, 4/24/02, p.A7)(WSJ,
5/2/02, p.A13)(SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A1)(AP,
5/10/06)(SFC, 6/8/06, p.A3)
2002 Apr 11, The UN sponsored
Int’l. Criminal Court was ratified without US approval. Temporary
headquarters will be in the Hague, Netherlands.
(SFC, 4/11/02, p.A10)(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A9)
2002 Apr 11, Venezuela’s
military removed Pres. Chavez from power after 19 demonstrators were
killed, many by snipers, as some 150-200k marched on the
presidential palace in Caracas. A tape, later released, contained
the voice of Pres. Chavez ordering the activation of "Plan Avila,"
an emergency state security plan. In 2009 a Venezuelan court
sentenced nine former police officials to as long as 30 years in
prison for the killings of demonstrators during street protests that
led up to the failed 2002 coup against President Hugo Chavez. In
2009 Brian A. Nelson authored “The Silence and the Scorpion: The
Coup Against Chavez and the Making of Modern Venezuela."
(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A1,8)(WSJ, 4/12/02, p.A1)(SFC,
4/25/02, p.A12)(AP, 4/12/08)(AP, 4/4/09)(Econ, 6/13/09, p.87)(Econ,
2002 Apr 11, Vlajko Stojilkovic
(65), former Serb interior minister, shot himself in the head on the
steps of the Yugoslav parliament following passage of a law easing
the transfer of war crimes suspects to the Hague. Stojilkovic died
(SFC, 4/12/02, p.A9)(SSFC, 4/14/02, p.A14)
2003 Apr 11, US Congress
approved a $2.2 trillion budget with Vice pres. Cheney casting the
tie-breaking vote. It limited a tax cut to half of what Pres. Bush
(SFC, 4/12/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 11, In the 24th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom the northern city of Mosul fell into US and
Kurdish hands after an entire corps of the Iraqi army surrendered.
The Pentagon said no major military forces remain in the country.
Defense Sec. Rumsfeld called Iraqi looting and chaos a natural
“untidiness" that accompanies the transition from tyranny to
freedom. The US military issued a most-wanted list in the form of a
deck of 55 cards.
(AP, 4/11/03)(SFC, 4/12/03, p.A10)(SSFC, 5/4/03,
2003 Apr 11, Amnesty
International said at least 1,526 people were executed worldwide
last year, with 80 percent of all known executions carried out in
China (1,060), Iran (113) and the United States (71).
2003 Apr 11, NATO-led
peacekeepers in Bosnia arrested Naser Oric (35), a Bosnian Muslim
wanted by the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal and flew him to The
Hague. He was the wartime army commander in the eastern Bosnian town
of Srebrenica. In 2006 Oric was acquitted of direct involvement in
the murder of prisoners in the early years of the 1992-95 Bosnia
war. But the court found he had closed his eyes to their
mistreatment and failed to punish their killers. He was sentenced to
2 years and then ordered to be released since he has been in jail
for more than three years.
(AP, 4/11/03)(AP, 6/30/06)
2003 Apr 11, Cambodia and
Thailand agreed to resume full diplomatic relations, which were
suspended after anti-Thai riots shook Cambodia's capital in January.
2003 Apr 11, Fidel Castro's
government executed three men who hijacked a ferry by firing squad
in a chilling message to anyone else who tries to commandeer a boat
or plane to the United States.
2003 Apr 11, Israeli troops
critically wounded Thomas Hurndall (21), a British peace activist,
as he tried to remove 2 children from a line of fire outside the
Rafah refugee camp. Hurndall died after 9 months in a vegetative
state. In 2005 an Israeli military court convicted an Israeli
soldier of manslaughter in the killing Hurndall.
(SFC, 4/12/03, p.A6)(AP, 1/14/04)(AP, 6/27/05)
2003 Apr 11, In southern Japan
an explosion ripped through a fireworks factory, killing seven
people and injuring four others.
2003 Apr 11, The leaders of
Russia, France and Germany gathered for a summit that was expected
to push for the United Nations to play the leading role after the
end of hostilities in Iraq.
2003 Apr 11, In Uganda hundreds
of Pokot tribesmen from Kenya attacked villages in eastern Uganda,
killing more than 30 people. Victims were members of the Sabiny
2003 Apr 11, In Yemen 10
suspects in the bombing of the US destroyer Cole escaped from
(SFC, 4/12/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 11, The Venezuela
government of Hugo Chavez and his opponents agreed to a plan for a
referendum on his presidency, and the chief of state pledged to
leave office if he loses.
2004 Apr 11, Pres. Bush
defended his response to a briefing memo from August 2001 about
possible terrorist plots against the US, saying he was "satisfied
that some of the matters were being looked into" and that there were
no specific threats against New York and Washington.
2004 Apr 11, Sikhs celebrated
Vaisakhi, their New Year and commemoration of 17th century Guru
Gobind Singh. They claimed about 20 million followers worldwide.
(AP, 4/11/04)(SFC, 4/12/04, p.B5)
2004 Apr 11, The British Sunday
Times reported that an Indian steel tycoon paid $128 million for a
mansion in London, breaking the world record for the most expensive
2004 Apr 11, China’s People’s
Bank, in an effort to slow the growth in money supply, raised bank
reserve requirements from 7 to 7.5%, the 3rd increase in 8 months.
(Econ, 4/17/04, p.71)
2004 Apr 11, Thousands of Hong
Kong residents demanded full democracy and called on their unpopular
leader to quit as they marched past Beijing's representative office.
2004 Apr 11, Paul Eduardovich
Goldman, 39, a naturalized U.S. citizen, killed himself afternoon in
a prison in the suburbs of Grenoble, France. He was expected to be
extradited to Pennsylvania to face first-degree murder charges in
the fatal stabbing of Faina Zonis, 42, a Philadelphia mortgage
processor found dead in her office on Dec. 29.
2004 Apr 11, Gunmen shot down a
U.S. attack helicopter during fighting in western Baghdad, killing
its two crew members. The bloodied bodies of two men, purportedly
Americans killed during fighting in Fallujah, were shown on Arab TV.
US forces and insurgents agreed to a cease-fire in Fallujah.
(AP, 4/11/04)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.A23)
2004 Apr 11, Henrik Frandsen, a
35-year-old plumber from Copenhagen, was reported missing in Iraq.
Iraqi police found his body the next day.
2004 Apr 11, Arjan Erkel, A
Dutch aid worker who headed the North Caucasus mission of Medecins
Sans Frontieres and was kidnapped in Russia nearly two years ago,
was freed in a police operation in Dagestan.
2004 Apr 11, Syrian Kurdish
parties issued a statement saying the Assad regime had arrested
hundreds and tortured some to death following the unrest in March.
(WSJ, 4/12/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 11, Pope John Paul II
celebrated Easter Mass with calls for world leaders to resolve
conflicts in Iraq, the Holy Land and Africa.
2005 Apr 11, During a meeting
at his Texas ranch, President Bush told Israeli PM Ariel Sharon he
could not allow further West Bank settlement growth and said Israeli
and Palestinian doubts about each other were hampering peace
2005 Apr 11, Chelsea Cooley,
the reigning Miss North Carolina, was crowned Miss USA in the 54th
2005 Apr 11, Officials said UC
Berkeley will lead a 5-year, $19 million project, funded by the NSF,
to prevent a hacker threat from decimating US computer networks.
(SFC, 4/12/05, p.B1)(WSJ, 4/12/05, p.B3)
2005 Apr 11, Some 12,000
Wisconsin citizens took part in an advisory poll on shooting
free-roaming domestic cats. 57% voted to allow shooting them. An
advisory committee dropped the issue May 13 following an outcry from
animal rights groups.
(Econ, 4/16/05, p.27)(SFC, 5/14/05, p.A2)
2005 Apr 11, Andrea Dworkin
(58), feminist writer, died in Washington DC. Her books included
“Woman Hating" (1974).
(SFC, 4/12/05, p.B4)
2005 Apr 11, Maurice Hilleman
(85), US pioneer vaccine research scientist, died of cancer in New
Jersey. He helped develop vaccines for mumps, measles, chicken pox
and other childhood scourges.
(SFC, 4/12/05, p.B5)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.83)
2005 Apr 11, In Afghanistan at
least 12 suspected Taliban rebels were killed and two American
soldiers wounded in a battle that began with a botched rebel attack.
2005 Apr 11, In central
Argentina a riot broke out in a crowded prison after a fight between
rival gangs, killing 13 people.
2005 Apr 11, In Bangladesh a
nine-story building toppled when a boiler exploded, killing at least
30 people and trapping 200. The death toll soon rose to 57. Up to
another 100 bodies remain under the mountain of bricks and concrete
(AP, 4/12/05)(Reuters, 4/15/05)
2005 Apr 11, Britain imposed a
year-long ban on delivering first-time visas to Nigerians aged 18 to
30, citing a backlog of applications, most of which are rejected.
2005 Apr 11, China reported
rioting in Dongyang after 2 older women were killed in a clash with
police during a pollution protest.
(WSJ, 4/12/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 11, In Germany
thousands of public sector workers staged warning strikes aimed at
forcing German states to agree to a deal that would introduce
2005 Apr 11, India and China
agreed to form a strategic partnership to end a border dispute and
boost trade in a deal marking a major shift in relations between the
2005 Apr 11, Indonesia
sentenced Aceh Gov. Abdullah Puteh to 10 years in prison plus a fine
($52,631) for padding the price of a helicopter, purchased with
state funds in 2002, and keeping the extra money for himself.
(WSJ, 4/12/05, p.A18)(Econ, 4/30/05, p.40)
2005 Apr 11, In Iraq people
were killed in Samarra when a bomb went off near a passing US
convoy. Jeffrey Ake (47), a contract worker from LaPorte, Ind., was
abducted in Iraq.
(WSJ, 4/12/05, p.A1)(AP, 4/11/06)
2005 Apr 11, The Kyrgyz
parliament accepted the resignation of ousted Pres. Askar Akayev.
2006 Apr 11, In New Jersey a
jury awarded $9 million in punitive damages to a man who blamed his
heart attack on Vioxx, finding that manufacturer Merck & Co.
failed to warn about the risks of its arthritis drug and
misrepresented the risks to physicians.
2006 Apr 11, In Michigan Proof
(Deshaun Holton), a member of rap group D12 and a close friend of
Eminem, was shot to death early today at a Detroit nightclub along
Eight Mile Road. Keith Bender, shot by rapper Proof (32), just
before Proof himself was killed, died of his wounds on April 18.
(AP, 4/11/06)(AP, 4/18/06)
2006 Apr 11, June Pointer (52),
the youngest of the Pointer Sisters, died in Los Angeles.
2006 Apr 11, In eastern
Afghanistan a rocket slammed into a packed school yard near a US-led
coalition base, killing seven children and wounding 34 other people.
Police blamed Taliban militants for the explosion at the Salabagh
School in Asadabad, Kunar province.
2006 Apr 11, Colombia’s
attorney general said the bodies of more than 30 people had been
found in a series of mass graves in a violent area of Northern
Santander province, home to drug traffickers, far-right
paramilitaries and leftist guerrillas. Most of the villagers blamed
a bloc of far-right paramilitaries that operated there until its
demobilization in 2004.
2006 Apr 11, A European
spacecraft went into orbit around Venus on a mission to explore the
mysterious atmosphere of Earth's nearest planetary neighbor.
2006 Apr 11, Former Iranian
President Hashemi Rafsanjani said that Iran has enriched uranium
using 164 centrifuges, a major development in nuclear fuel cycle
(AP, 4/11/06)(Econ, 4/15/06, p.47)
2006 Apr 11, In Iraq a bomb
exploded on a minibus in a Shiite area, killing three people. 5 US
soldiers were killed including 3 from an IED north of Baghdad.
(AP, 4/11/06)(WSJ, 4/12/06, p.A1)
2006 Apr 11, Israel's Cabinet
declared PM Ariel Sharon permanently incapacitated, officially
ending his five-year tenure.
2006 Apr 11, Center-left
challenger Romano Prodi claimed an outright electoral victory over
Premier Silvio Berlusconi before official results were in, but the
slim margin could return Italy to political paralysis and
2006 Apr 11, Bernardo
Provenzano (73), Italy's reputed No. 1 Mafia boss, was arrested at a
farmhouse in Sicily after frustrating investigators' efforts to
catch him during more than 40 years on the run.
(AP, 4/11/06)(SFC, 4/12/06, p.A7)
2006 Apr 11, In Karachi,
Pakistan, a bomb exploded during evening prayers at a park, killing
at least 50 people and injuring over 100. The bombing killed the
entire leadership of Sunni Tehreek, a moderate Muslim group.
(SFC, 4/12/06, p.A13)(AP, 4/14/06)
2006 Apr 11, In Peru with 80%
of the votes counted Ollanta Humala led with 30.3%. Former president
Alan Garcia (56) held a narrow lead over pro-business former
Congresswoman Lourdes Flores (46) in the race to face Ollanta Humala
(43) in a presidential runoff vote.
(AP, 4/11/06)(AP, 4/12/06)
2006 Apr 11, In Spain a judge
handed down the first indictments in the Madrid train bombings,
charging 29 people with murder, terrorism or other crimes after a
2006 Apr 11, In northeast Sri
Lanka a mine exploded and killed 10 sailors in a military bus.
(SFC, 4/12/06, p.A3)
2006 Apr 11, The UN said it has
ended its policy of unrestricted political contacts with the
Palestinians and will now assess every request for political talks
with the new Hamas-run government.
2006 Apr 11, The UN Security
Council demanded that the Sudanese government and rebels reach
agreement by April 30 to end the conflict in Darfur.
2007 Apr 11, The US Pentagon
extended Iraq and Afghan tours of duty for all troops from 12 months
to 15 months.
(WSJ, 4/1207, p.A1)
2007 Apr 11, A federal grand
jury in Columbus, Ohio, indicted Christopher Paul (43), a US
citizen, on charges of joining al-Qaida in the 1990s and conspiring
to bomb European tourist resorts and US government facilities and
military bases overseas. Paul, born as Paul Kenyatta Laws, changed
his name to Abdulmalek Kenyatta in 1989, then to Christopher Paul in
2007 Apr 11, New York Attorney
General Andrew Cuomo said he will announce a settlement with a
"significant" student lender as a probe into a college loan scandal
continued to broaden.
2007 Apr 11, Joe Francis
(b.1973), the creator of the “Girls Gone Wild" video series, was
indicted in Reno, Nevada, on federal tax charges. In September 2009,
Francis pleaded guilty to filing false tax returns and bribing
Nevada jail workers. On November 5, 2009, US District Judge S. James
Otero accepted Francis’ deal on the grounds that a key witness
withheld information from prosecutors.
2007 Apr 11, North Carolina's
top prosecutor dropped all charges against three former Duke
University lacrosse players accused of sexually assaulting a
stripper at a party, saying the athletes were innocent victims of a
"tragic rush to accuse."
2007 Apr 11, MSNBC announced it
was dropping its simulcast of the "Imus in the Morning" radio
program, responding to growing outrage about host Don Imus' racial
slur against the Rutgers women's basketball team. CBS Radio followed
suit the next day.
2007 Apr 11, Citigroup Inc.,
the nation's largest financial institution, said it will eliminate
about 17,000 jobs as part of a companywide restructuring to reduce
costs and improve profit.
2007 Apr 11, The Evelyn and
Walter Haas Jr. Fund announced a $15 million donation for
renovations at the Presidio. Plans included 24 new trails.
(SFC, 4/11/07, p.A1)
2007 Apr 11, Roscoe Lee Browne
(b.1925), stage, film and TV actor, died in Los Angeles. In 1966 he
made his directorial stage debut with “A Hand is on the Gate: An
Evening of Negro Poetry and Folk Music."
(SFC, 4/14/07, p.B5)
2007 Apr 11, Kurt Vonnegut
(b.1922), regarded by many critics as a key influence in shaping
20th-century American literature, died in NYC. He mixed the bitter
and funny with a touch of the profound in books such as
"Slaughterhouse-Five," "Cat's Cradle," and "Hocus Pocus." In 2009
Loree Rackstraw, a former student, authored “Love as Always, Kurt:
Vonnegut As I Knew Him." In 2011 Charles J. Shields authored “And So
It Goes: Kurt Vonnegut: A Life."
(AP, 4/12/07)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.98)(WSJ, 3/16/09,
p.A17)(SSFC, 11/27/11, p.F1)
2007 Apr 11, In southern
Afghanistan a suicide car bomber struck a NATO convoy, wounding
seven civilians, while a US-led coalition airstrike killed 13
suspected militants. Another bomb blast in the south killed two
Canadian soldiers and wounded three others.
(AP, 4/11/07)(AP, 4/12/07)
2007 Apr 11, In Algeria bombs
heavily damaged the prime minister's office in Algiers and a police
station. Three bomb attacks killed 20 people and wounded 222.
(AP, 4/11/07)(AP, 4/12/07)(AFP, 3/13/12)
2007 Apr 11, Bangladesh police
said main opposition leader Sheikh Hasina Wajed, former prime
minister and head of the Awami League, has been charged over the
murder of four people during political violence which racked the
nation's capital last October.
(AP, 4/11/07)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.46)
2007 Apr 11, In Brazil Gov.
Sergio Cabral Filho formally requested that the army intervene to
contain the violence that has been spiraling out of control in Rio
2007 Apr 11, PM Tony Blair
urged Britain's black communities to speak out against gang culture
and called again for tougher laws against gangs amid a spate of gun
and knife murders.
2007 Apr 11, Canadian National
Railway faced picket lines, but the union said it does not plan this
new job action to be as disruptive as the strike that hamstrung
Canada's largest railway in February.
2007 Apr 11, Three candidates
battled for a spot in East Timor's presidential runoff after none
got enough votes to win outright.
2007 Apr 11, Officials said
Ecuador’s former President Gustavo Noboa will face charges for
allegedly mishandling foreign debt negotiations during his
three-year term (2000-2003).
2007 Apr 11, Guyana's Pres.
Bharrat Jagdeo said former NYC police commissioner Bernard Kerik has
withdrawn from contracts to advise two Caribbean governments on
security because of unresolved legal troubles in the United States.
2007 Apr 11, The International
Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) issued a new report titled
"Civilians Without Protection: The Ever-worsening Humanitarian
Crisis in Iraq." Maj. Gen. William Caldwell, the US military
spokesman, said Iranian intelligence operatives have been training
Iraqi fighters inside Iran on how to use and assemble deadly
roadside bombs known as EFPs.
2007 Apr 11, The Ivory Coast
government and rebels signed an agreement with foreign peacekeepers
to dismantle a buffer zone dividing the west African nation since
2002. The deal required the head of the UN mission to sign off on
(AFP, 4/11/07)(Econ, 12/4/10, p.60)
2007 Apr 11, Japanese and
Chinese leaders heralded a new era of closer ties between the two
Asian powers, moving to repair relations damaged by a harsh dispute
over history and signing accords on energy and environmental
2007 Apr 11, In Kyrgyzstan
thousands of opposition supporters gathered in the main square of
Bishkek to press President Kurmanbek Bakiyev to resign. Bakiyev had
sought to head off the opposition protest by signing constitutional
amendments curtailing his power a day earlier, but the opposition
rejected his move and showed up in full force.
2007 Apr 11, A Mexican court
ordered the reinstatement of ousted mineworkers union leader
Napoleon Gomez Urrutia, more than a year after the government turned
him out of office based on complaints of corruption.
2007 Apr 11, Morocco presented
its plan to grant self-rule to the disputed Western Sahara territory
to United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon.
2007 Apr 11, In Nigeria 5
people, including a senior police officer, were killed in clashes
between rival cult gangs in the southern oil-rich state of Rivers.
2007 Apr 11, North Korea
replaced its prime minister during a session of its rubber-stamp
parliament. US envoys entered South Korea from North Korea in a rare
border crossing after securing the remains of six American soldiers
from the Korean War and pushing for action on the North's nuclear
2007 Apr 11, More than 50
Philippine military officers pleaded guilty to violating military
order and discipline in a plea bargain, escaping lengthy jail terms
for a failed mutiny in Manila nearly four years ago.
2007 Apr 11, Royal Dutch Shell
PLC and its partners ceded a controlling stake in the Sakhalin-2 gas
project to Russia’s state owned OAO Gazprom. The deal also entitled
Gazprom a percentage of profits from oil and gas and increased
(WSJ, 4/26/07, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/39c2yh)
2007 Apr 11, In Somalia
Ethiopian-backed government troops and Islamic insurgents exchanged
gunfire in northern Mogadishu, killing three people and ending more
than a week of relative calm.
2007 Apr 11, At least 40
civilians were killed and 25 wounded in an attack believed to have
be carried out by the Janjaweed militia in the war-torn Darfur
2008 Apr 11, G7 finance
officials endorsed a plan to prevent financial crises and reiterated
its demand that Beijing allow the yuan to rise. They also issued a
warning to financial markets that they won’t sit by and watch the
dollar continue to slide.
(SFC, 4/12/08, p.C2)(WSJ, 4/12/08, p.A3)
2008 Apr 11, Crystle Stewart
(26), of Missouri City, Texas, was named Miss USA, besting 50 other
beauty queens for the coveted crown in Las Vegas.
2008 Apr 11, In SF the
directors of the Haight Ashbury Food Program closed their soup
kitchen at 1525 Waller St. due to reduced grants and donations. It
had served as many as 450 people a day for some 25 years.
(SFC, 4/12/08, p.B3)
2008 Apr 11, American Airlines
cancelled 570 flights to inspect and repair wiring bundles in its
MDF-80 aircraft. The cancellations were expected to continue for one
more day. Over 3,000 flights were cancelled during the week leaving
hundreds of thousands of passengers stranded.
(SFC, 4/11/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 11, Afghan and foreign
troops clashed with and called airstrikes on militants in southern
Afghanistan, leaving 24 dead and eight wounded.
2008 Apr 11, Runners surrounded
by rows of security carried the Olympic flame past thousands of
jubilant Argentines in the most trouble-free torch relay in nearly a
2008 Apr 11, Sabeel Ahmed (26),
a doctor originally from Bangalore in India, pleaded guilty to
withholding information from police about the June 29, 2007, attack
at Glasgow airport. His brother died after a failed suicide car
bombing at the airport.
2008 Apr 11, An indignant China
said the US "seriously hurt the feelings of the Chinese people" when
Congress passed a resolution calling on Beijing to stop cracking
down on Tibetan dissent and talk to the Dalai Lama.
2008 Apr 11, Chen Liangyu, the
former Communist Party chief of China's financial capital, was
sentenced to 18 years in prison for his role in a massive corruption
scandal involving the city's pension fund and state-owned companies.
2008 Apr 11, In Cuba new
regulations allowed thousands of Cubans to get title to state-owned
homes, a step that might lay the groundwork for broader housing
2008 Apr 11, In Cyprus Turkish
Cypriot leader Mehmet Ali Talat crossed over to the Greek Cypriot
part of the island's ethnically divided capital, the first head of
the Turkish Cypriot north to do so in more than three decades.
2008 Apr 11, Foreign Minister
Bernard Kouchner said France will boost its contribution to NATO
forces fighting al Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan to some
3,000 troops, around double the present level.
2008 Apr 11, French officials
said pirates have freed the 30 crew from Le Ponant, a French luxury
sailing ship, which was seized off Somalia on April 4, and had been
tailed by the French Navy. Helicopter-borne French troops seized 6
of the dozen hostage takers, after the hostages were freed, and
recovered sacks of money, apparently ransom paid by the ship’s
(AFP, 4/11/08)(SFC, 4/12/08, p.A9)
2008 Apr 11, In India Rajiv
Agarwal, a senior official of Uttar Pradesh state, said state
authorities have banned the sale of a cheap variety of hair dye
after debt-ridden farmers were found to be drinking it to end their
2008 Apr 11, Riyadh al-Nouri, a
senior aide to radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr was
assassinated in Najaf. A roadside bomb destroyed an armored vehicle
in eastern Baghdad, killing an Iraqi. An unmanned drone fired on a
group of gunmen carrying grenades and mortars overnight in Sadr
City, killing six of them. A helicopter hit a group of gunmen in the
Hayaniyah district of central Basra overnight, killing six of them.
2008 Apr 11, Israeli forces
launched air strikes and a ground raid in the Gaza Strip, trading
fire with gunmen in clashes that killed 8 Palestinians including a
2008 Apr 11, In Moldova a
Sudanese-owned transport plane laden with fuel crashed shortly after
takeoff from an airport near the capital and burst into flames,
killing all 8 people on board.
2008 Apr 11, In Rwanda a
grenade thrown by an unknown attacker killed a policeman guarding
the Gisozi genocide museum in Kigali, in a rare attack in the
central African nation still mourning the 1994 ethnic slaughter.
2008 Apr 11, Soldiers destroyed
two Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers in northern Sri Lanka while fighting
in the region left 11 separatists dead and eight soldiers wounded.
2008 Apr 11, In Taiwan Liu
Chao-shiuan (65), who heads Taipei's prestigious Soochow University,
said President-elect Ma Ying-jeou asked him to head the Cabinet.
2008 Apr 11, Zimbabwe state
radio said President Robert Mugabe will snub a regional summit at
the weekend that was expected to pressure him to release delayed
election results. Police said all political rallies had been banned
because officers were too busy guarding ballot boxes or deployed to
prevent post-election violence.
2009 Apr 11, In Louisiana
gunmen kicked down an apartment door and opened fire killing 2
children and a woman in Terrytown.
(SSFC, 4/12/09, p.A6)
2009 Apr 11, Rebels ambushed
Afghan and foreign forces in Zabul province, sparking an exchange of
gunfire that left 22 rebels dead.
2009 Apr 11, Egypt's Coptic
Orthodox Church for the first time issued a certificate of
conversion to a Muslim-born Christian. It was only the second time
that such a request has been formally made in a country where
converting to Christianity, while not illegal, is practically
impossible. Egypt's Copts, the largest Christian community in the
Middle East, account for an estimated six to 10% of the country's 80
2009 Apr 11, In Iraq a suicide
bomber walked into a crowd of US-allied Sunni paramilitaries and
detonated his explosives belt, killing nine and wounding 30 others
waiting in line for their salaries in Jbala.
2009 Apr 11, Sajad Lone (41),
an outspoken Kashmiri separatist and head of the People's
Conference, said he would run in India's elections starting next
week, marking a radical departure for the movement which has until
now boycotted polls.
2009 Apr 11, Morocco blamed
Algeria for a "serious and blatant" violation by the Polisario Front
of an 18-year-long ceasefire in the disputed Western Sahara and
urged the UN to intervene.
2009 Apr 11, In southwestern
Pakistan gunmen shot dead 8 people in separate incidents in the
province of Baluchistan, amid protests over the killing of 3 local
leaders this week, police.
2009 Apr 11, In Moscow Iraqi PM
Nouri al-Maliki met with Russian business leaders to encourage them
to take an active part in rebuilding Iraq's economy.
2009 Apr 11, A Saudi man
convicted of rape and robbery was beheaded, becoming the 22nd
prisoner to be executed by sword this year in the kingdom. An
Interior Ministry statement says the man committed the crimes after
2009 Apr 11, Somali pirates
hijacked the Italian-flagged tugboat Buccaneer, an American-owned
tugboat, with 16 crew in the Gulf of Aden. The pirates abandoned the
ship on August 9 and all crew members were freed. No random was
(AP, 4/11/09)(AP, 4/26/09)(AP, 8/10/09)
2009 Apr 11, Corin Tellado
(81), a well-known Spanish author of more than 4,000 romance novels,
died while celebrating the Easter holidays with her family.
2009 Apr 11, In Thailand
anti-government protesters stormed a convention center in Pattaya
where leaders of Asian nations planned to meet, smashing doors and
searching room by room for the prime minister. Thailand canceled the
summit and airlifted the leaders out by helicopter.
2009 Apr 11, Turkey’s
agriculture ministry said 11 people have died in Turkey over the
past three weeks, including three young Germans, after drinking
2010 Apr 11, In Texas more than
20,000 people gathered at tailgate parties and other spots to watch
fireworks go off one last time over Texas Stadium before a ton of
dynamite lit up the Dallas Cowboys' longtime home and brought it to
the ground. The Cowboys played 38 seasons in Texas Stadium, winning
five Super Bowls during that time.
2010 Apr 11, Afghan President
Hamid Karzai urged Taliban insurgents to lay down their arms and air
their grievances while visiting a violent northern province, adding
that foreign forces would not leave the country as long as fighting
2010 Apr 11, In Honduras a
shootout between rival street gangs battling for control of the drug
trade killed nine people overnight on the outskirts of Tegucigalpa.
2010 Apr 11, Hungarians voted
in a general election that looked likely to bring the right-wing
Fidesz party back to power, while giving the far-right Jobbik its
first ticket into parliament. The National Election Office said the
party led by former PM Viktor Orban got 52.8 percent of the votes in
the first round, followed by the governing Socialist Party with 19.3
percent. Jobbik, a far-right party with anti-Gypsy and extreme
nationalist agenda got 16.7 percent, over three times as much as any
other far-right party since the country's return to democracy from
communism in 1990.
(AFP, 4/11/10)(AP, 4/11/10)
2010 Apr 11, In India’s Manipur
state Naga tribes people began a blockade to the rest of India to
protest Manipur’s announcement of local elections in Naga-inhabited
areas in June.
(Econ, 5/22/10, p.46)
2010 Apr 11, In Indonesia
police arrested 6 terror suspects including Abu Musa (35), a suspect
in the 2004 attack on the Australian Embassy in Jakarta, and Yusuf
Arifin (25), who is said to have received militant training in the
southern Philippines. The other four were wanted in connection with
a failed plot to assassinate Indonesia's president last year.
2010 Apr 11, In Iran Sharq, a
prominent pro-reform daily, reappeared on newsstands after a
three-year ban. Sharq was closed by the Press Supervisory Board, run
by the Culture and Islamic Guidance Ministry, in 2007 for publishing
an interview with a "counter-revolutionary" poet abroad.
2010 Apr 11, Iraqi PM Nouri
al-Maliki's political party said its investigation into the March 7
parliamentary election has thrown into question some 750,000 votes,
enough to change the results of the nationwide poll.
2010 Apr 11, Israel's military
issued new orders that human rights groups warned could lead to the
expulsion of tens of thousands of Palestinians from the West Bank.
The orders have been posted on the Web site of the military
prosecutor and are to go into effect April 13.
2010 Apr 11, In Nigeria
suspected Muslim ethnic Fulani attackers burned homes in a Christian
village near the city of Jos, which has been at the centre of
tit-for-tat attacks this year which have left hundreds dead.
2010 Apr 11, North Korea
informed South Korea that it will begin quitting a joint tourism
project in the communist country this week, in another setback to
relations between the countries.
2010 Apr 11, In Pakistan
fighter jets pounded militant hide-outs in the northwest, killing 10
suspected insurgents as part of a military operation that has
eliminated more than 300 fighters in the last three weeks.
2010 Apr 11, Somali pirates
hijacked the St. Vincent and Grenadines-flagged Rak Afrikana cargo
ship west of the island nation of the Seychelles. The ship and 25
crew members were released on March 9, 2011.
(AP, 4/11/10)(AP, 3/10/11)
2010 Apr 11, The Sudanese
people began voting in a 3-day election that will decide whether
President Omar al-Bashir wins another term despite his indictment on
charges he committed international war crimes in Darfur. Voters were
left with few alternatives after al-Bashir's main challengers
boycotted the race, claiming it was not fair. In addition to the
president, the country was also electing a national parliament,
local governors and parliaments and president of the semiautonomous
government of South Sudan. 4 peacekeepers with the joint UN-African
Union force (UNAMID) in the western Sudanese region of Darfur went
missing. The 4 peacekeepers were released on April 26.
(AP, 4/11/10)(AFP, 4/12/10)(AFP, 4/26/10)
2010 Apr 11, In Thailand
anti-government protesters dug into their encampments around Bangkok
and rejected talk of negotiations after a monthlong standoff
escalated into clashes that have left 21 people dead in the
country’s worst political violence in nearly two decades.
2011 Apr 11, US federal
prosecutors said 10 people, including two former basketball players
and a former assistant coach at the University of San Diego, have
been indicted in connection with a scheme to fix games since 2008.
2011 Apr 11, In San Francisco
the annual Goldman Environmental prize was awarded 6 people from
around the world. The winners included Hilton Kelly for his efforts
to cut pollution in Port Arthur, Texas; Francisco Pineda for
resisting mining in El Salvador; Ursula Sladek of Germany for
creating for reducing her community’s reliance on nuclear power;
Prigi Arisandi for her efforts to protect Indonesia’s Surabaya
River; Dmitry Lisitsyn for his efforts to protect the Russia’s
Sakhalin island; and Raoul du Toit for defending wildlife in
(SFC, 4/11/11, p.A12)
2011 Apr 11, Reno photographer
Joseph Naso (77) was arrested in South Lake Tahoe in connection with
the killings of four women in Northern California between 1997 and
(SFC, 4/13/11, p.C2)
2011 Apr 11, New York police
found human remains at two more locations at Jones Beach State Park
on Long Island, bringing to 10 the number of potential victims of a
possible serial killer.
(SFC, 4/11/11, p.A4)
2011 Apr 11, Afghanistan's
Pres. Karzai strongly rebuked his international backers, saying
Western financial advisers may be tried for contributing to the
country's banking crisis and he would now dictate the terms of any
future US presence. Ghulam Dastageer, a district council member in
Helmand province, was killed by insurgents while he was praying in a
(AP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/12/11)
2011 Apr 11, Australia fined
Japan Airlines (JAL) Aus$5.5 million (US$5.8 million) after the
carrier admitted its role in a long-running cargo cartel case
involving 15 airlines. The Australian Competition and Consumer
Commission (ACCC) said JAL admitted to "making and giving effect to
illegal price-fixing understandings with other international
airlines" on fuel, insurance and security surcharges.
2011 Apr 11, In Belarus a
subway bombing in Minsk left 11 dead and more than 200 wounded. 4
others died soon after. Authorities soon detained several people in
what they are calling a terrorist attack. Suspects Dmitry Konovalov
(25) and Vladislav Kovalyov (25) went on trial in September. On Nov
30 both men were convicted of terrorism and sentenced to death.
(AP, 4/12/11)(AP, 4/25/11)(AP, 9/15/11)(AP,
2011 Apr 11, Britain’s
Independent Commission on Banking, led by Sir John Vickers,
published its initial report.
(Econ, 4/16/11, p.62)
2011 Apr 11, In Egypt A few
hundred protesters defied an army demand to quit Cairo's Tahrir
Square, vowing to stay until the ruling military council heeds their
demand for civilian rule and a deeper purge of corrupt officials. A
military court jailed blogger Maikel Nabil Sanad (26) to three years
in prison for criticizing the armed forces. Safwat al-Sherif, head
of Egypt's former ruling party and a longtime stalwart of the regime
of ousted Pres. Mubarak, was detained on charges of corruption.
(Reuters, 4/11/11)(AFP, 4/11/11)(AFP,
4/12/11)(SFC, 4/12/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 11, The European Union
agreed to impose sanctions on 32 Iranian officials for human rights
2011 Apr 11, In France a law
went into effect banning women from wearing full-face veils in
public places. Several women appeared veiled in front of Paris'
Notre Dame Cathedral and two were detained for taking part in an
unauthorized protest. The $214 burqa fine also included mandatory
lessons on being French.
(SFC, 4/9/11, p.A2)(AP, 4/11/11)
2011 Apr 11, Indonesian
lawmaker Arifinto (50), a member of the staunchly Islamic Prosperous
Justice Party who helped pass a tough anti-pornography law, resigned
after he got caught watching sexually explicit videos on his
computer during a parliamentary debate.
2011 Apr 11, In Ivory Coast
forces backing rival presidential claimant Alassane Ouattara
arrested incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo.
2011 Apr 11, Iran’s Central
Bank Gov. Mahmoud Bahmani said Iran plans to slash 4 zeros from its
national currency in "one to two years", seeking parity between its
rial and the US dollar.
2011 Apr 11, In central Iraqi
bombings in two cities killed at least 10 people, with twin blasts
near a school and market in a former insurgent stronghold leaving
2011 Apr 11, Iraq’s government
voted to shut down a camp of Iranian dissidents and move them out of
the country by year’s end, but not back to Iran.
(SFC, 4/12/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 11, Israel’s PM
Benjamin Netanyahu asked a government panel to put off final
approval of 2,500 new apartments in east Jerusalem.
2011 Apr 11, Italian Premier
Silvio Berlusconi made a rare appearance in open court but left
after about 2 1/2 hours, saying the hearing at his tax fraud trial
was a waste of time and accusing prosecutors of having no case
2011 Apr 11, In Japan a strong
7.0 earthquake rattled the northeast as the government urged more
people living near a tsunami-crippled nuclear plant to leave, citing
concerns about long-term health risks from radiation.
2011 Apr 11, Jordan released
four jailed members of a radical Islamist group that had threatened
to stage a mass demonstration over their detentions.
2011 Apr 11, In Lebanon a
police intelligence officer and a main suspect in the kidnapping of
Estonian cyclists were killed in a shootout in the border village of
2011 Apr 11, In Libya a
delegation of African heads of state met rebel leaders in their
stronghold of Benghazi to try to sell a peace plan already accepted
by Muammar Gaddafi's regime. Forces loyal to Gaddafi shelled the
besieged town of Misrata.
(AFP, 4/11/11)(Reuters, 4/11/11)
2011 Apr 11, Mexico’s defense
ministry announced that at least 16 more dead bodies have been found
over the past two days in various parts of Tamaulipas state. The
number of bodies found in the country over the past week soon grew
to 127. 4 armed men rushed into a newsroom in Villahermosa, then
gagged and beat up reporters and photographers and stole computers,
cameras and money.
(AFP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/13/11)
2011 Apr 11, Mexican police in
Tijuana arrested a man suspected of killing a US Border Patrol agent
Robert Rosas near San Diego on July 23, 2009, nearly one year after
another person was sentenced to prison for his role in the ambush.
Marcos Manuel Rodriguez Perez (26) was taken into custody as he was
driving through Tijuana.
2011 Apr 11, A group of 39
Pakistani prisoners held in India returned home, the second
high-profile prisoner release in days that underscores an easing of
tensions between the two rivals.
2011 Apr 11, In Puerto Rico
Hilton Cordero Rosario, the police commissioner of San Juan, was
charged with sexually assaulting a minor and producing child
pornography in a case that emerged after his teenage daughter
accused him of molesting her. In December he was indicted on 22
charges of child pornography.
(AP, 4/11/11)(SFC, 12/8/11, p.A9)
2011 Apr 11, A spokesman for
the Swaziland Solidarity Network, said in a statement that four
people were arrested as they returned from South Africa to their
homeland after a weekend planning meeting.
2011 Apr 11, Syrian troops
encircled the flashpoint coastal town of Banias, where weekend
shootings left 13 dead and scores wounded. An activist in Damascus
said security forces have beat up and arrested several at the
university's science faculty. Hundreds of students had been shouting
for freedoms and unity among Syrians. Activists said security forces
killed a student during the protest at Damascus University.
(AFP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/11/11)(AP, 4/12/11)
2011 Apr 11, Tajikistan state
religious affairs committee head Abdurakhim Kholikov said that
sending text messages with the "triple talaq," a Muslim ritual
whereby a husband can end a marriage by reciting the term for
divorce three times, breaches Islamic law.
2011 Apr 11, Turkey said it is
willing to consider the idea of hosting a political office for
Taliban militants from Afghanistan in order to promote talks to end
the war there, and an Afghan official said Turkish planning is
already in progress.
2011 Apr 11, In Uganda Kizza
Besigye, the top opposition politician was arrested, along with
several members of parliament, during a march to protest high fuel
and food prices. The police called it an illegal demonstration.
2011 Apr 11, Venezuela deported
two suspected Colombian rebels, sending a positive message to other
nations that want President Hugo Chavez to ensure suspected
terrorists do not find haven in Venezuela.
2011 Apr 11, Yemen's Pres.
Saleh welcomed a proposal by GCC Gulf Arab nations for him to step
down to end the country's political crisis, but indicated he would
do so only when his term ends in 2013. Protesters had already
rejected this, calling for his immediate exit.
2012 Apr 11, In southern
California Chinese USC graduate students Qu Ming and Wu Ying, both
23, were shot and killed during a suspected bungled carjacking. On
Oct 27, 2014, Javier Bolden (22) was convicted of 1st degree murder.
2012 Apr 11, The Nebraska
Legislature approved a bill that would provide support for an
expected new route for TransCanada Corp's Canada-to-Texas Keystone
XL crude oil pipeline that would bypass an environmentally sensitive
region in the state. Governor Dave Heineman has said he will sign.
2012 Apr 11, Shell Oil reported
a 10-square-mile oil slick between two major production sites in the
Gulf of Mexico, 130 miles southeast of New Orleans. A response
vessel was sent.
(SFC, 4/12/12, p.A6)
2012 Apr 11, In Afghanistan 2
bomb explosions and an insurgent attack killed two NATO service
members and a local Afghan government in different parts of the
2012 Apr 11, In Algeria Ahmed
Ben Bella (95), the country’s first post-independence president
(1963-1965), died. He was hailed as an anti-colonialist hero and the
father of the nation.
2012 Apr 11, In Bahrain mobs
with iron rods and sticks ransacked a supermarket belonging to a
major Shiite-owned business group, as part of a spike in violence in
the Gulf nation in retaliation for a bomb attack on police.
2012 Apr 11, Police in
northeastern Brazil arrested 3 people for allegedly killing at least
2 women and eating parts of their flesh. The next day enraged
neighbors burned their house to the ground.
(SSFC, 4/15/12, p.A5)(http://tinyurl.com/7t7853v)
2012 Apr 11, The Central
African Republic freed former rebel chief Jean-Jacques Demafouth and
two other leading opposition figures after a three-month detention.
Demafouth has headed the People's Army for the Restoration of
Democracy (APRD) since 2008.
2012 Apr 11, CongoDRC’s
President Joseph Kabila said he would not order the arrest of war
crimes suspect Bosco Ntaganda "under pressure" from the
international community. He said Ntaganda should be arrested and
face a military tribunal in Congo. Kabila said the military doesn't
need to hand Ntaganda over to the ICC.
(AFP, 4/11/12)(AP, 4/11/12)
2012 Apr 11, The Danish navy
stopped a pirate ship off the Somali coast, rescuing 12 Iranian and
Pakistani hostages and arresting their 16 captors.
2012 Apr 11, In Egypt Salafist
politician Hazem Abu Ismail looked set to rejoin the presidential
race after a court ruled that his mother was not a US citizen.
2012 Apr 11, A global tax group
added its voice to protests against an Indian plan to retroactively
tax business deals, saying it could deter foreign investment in
Asia's third-largest economy. New Delhi's planned change to the
Income Tax Act announced in last month's budget would be retroactive
to 1962 and would oblige domestic and foreign firms alike to pay tax
on any transaction involving an Indian asset.
2012 Apr 11, Indonesian carrier
Garuda International and European plane manufacturer Airbus signed a
$2.5 billion deal in Jakarta, as British PM David Cameron visited
Southeast Asia's biggest economy.
2012 Apr 11, A huge earthquake
struck beneath the Indian Ocean and triggered a burst of large
quakes around the world. At least 4 faults ruptured within 100
seconds to create a giant quake with a combined magnitude of 8.7 off
the island of Sumatra.
(AFP, 4/11/12)(SFC, 9/27/12, p.A1)
2012 Apr 11, In Morocco 2 US
Marines were killed and two severely injured in the crash of an
2012 Apr 11, In Russia a large
opposition faction stormed out of parliament to protest Vladimir
Putin's refusal to look into claims of vote-rigging in a mayoral
election that has sparked nationwide anger. Oleg Shein, a member of
the Just Russia party who ran for mayor in the southern city of
Astrakhan, has been on a hunger strike for 27 days to protest the
results of the March 4 poll that he and other opposition figures
said was marred by rampant fraud in favor of a Kremlin-backed
2012 Apr 11, Serbian police
over the last 24 hours detained nine people accused of setting fire
to the US Embassy in Belgrade in 2008 during riots against Kosovo's
independence and were searching for at least five more suspects.
2012 Apr 11, Somalia’s PM
Abdiweli Mohamed Ali said that al-Shabab is in "tatters" and that
its high-ranking leaders are now moving to the Galgala Mountains.
2012 Apr 11, Sudan and South
Sudan ordered mass civilian mobilizations for defense as their
armies battled along their contested border, raising the specter of
a return to all-out war.
2012 Apr 11, Syrian troops took
control of large parts of villages and towns near the border with
Turkey. The state-run news agency SANA said gunmen shot and killed
army Brig. Gen. Jamal Khaled in the Damascus suburb of Aqraba. It
added that Khaled's driver, a soldier, was also killed in the
attack. 2 people were reported killed and dozens wounded when
government troops stormed and shelled Barada valley. 2 more people
were reported killed in the eastern town of Qoriah during raids by
regime force. The military unleashed a lethal offensive against
protest centers, killing 25 civilians today.
(AP, 4/11/12)(AFP, 4/12/12)
2012 Apr 11, Yemeni government
troops battled al-Qaida militants in heavy fighting that left 51
people dead on the outskirts of Lawder. The militants killed
included two senior members of the terror network in the area,
identified as Imad al-Manshaby and Ahmed Mohammed Taher.
(AP, 4/11/12)(AFP, 4/12/12)
2013 Apr 11, California became
the latest state to place restrictions on the chemical known as
Bisphenol-A (BPA) and declare it a reproductive toxicant.
(SFC, 4/12/13, p.A14)
2013 Apr 11, In northern
California a 40-foot section of the Skunk Train Tunnel No. 1
collapsed near Fort Bragg blocking access to 36 miles of track to
Willits. Service out of Willits resumed on July 31.
p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/n7uwhlu)(SSFC, 8/18/13, p.C4)
2013 Apr 11, Jonathan Winters
(b.1925), comedian, died at his home in Santa Barbara County, Ca.
His films included “Eight on the Lam" (1967).
(SFC, 4/13/13, p.A6)
2013 Apr 11, American ballerina
Maria Tallchief (b.1925), the daughter of an Oklahoma oil family,
died in Chicago. She was once married to George Balanchine and
became famous in his productions of “Firebird," “Swan Lake" and
(SSFC, 4/14/13, p.C14)
2013 Apr 11, A spring storm
left 3 people dead in the Midwest US, one following a tornado in
Kemper Ct., Mississippi, and another in blinding snow in Nebraska.
(SFC, 4/12/13, p.A7)(SFC, 4/13/13, p.A6)
2013 Apr 11, In southern
Afghanistan two separate roadside bombings killed four people,
including an Uruzgan province district police chief.
2013 Apr 11, Bangladesh
authorities in Dhaka arrested Mahmudur Rahman, the acting editor of
a pro-opposition newspaper, on charges of sedition and other crimes.
(SFC, 4/12/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 11, In Chile an
estimated 100,000 students marched in Santiago demanding free
(SSFC, 4/14/13, p.A4)
2013 Apr 11, China reported its
10th death from H7N9 bird flu.
(SFC, 4/12/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 11, Egypt's
Islamist-dominated legislature approved a revised version of the law
organizing the country's parliamentary elections, after a court
ruled an earlier version was invalid and delayed the vote.
2013 Apr 11, Israeli police
detained five women at a Jerusalem holy site for e for wearing
prayer shawls and performing religious rituals that ultra-Orthodox
Jews say are reserved for men. An ultra-Orthodox man was also
detained for burning a prayer book in protest and was still in
2013 Apr 11, Four Japanese
automakers, including Toyota Motor Corp, and Nissan Motor Co.,
announced a recall of 3.4 million vehicles sold around the world
because airbags supplied by Takata Corp are at risk of catching fire
or injuring passengers.
2013 Apr 11, In Morocco soccer
hooligans rampaged through Casablanca, mugging pedestrians and
smashing up carriages of the city's new tram system, cars and public
buses. 193 people were arrested.
2013 Apr 11, The Dutch Cabinet
brokered a deal with unions that scraps planned salary freezes for
government and healthcare workers.
2013 Apr 11,
Netherlands-based Royal Philips NV said it has developed a
working prototype of an LED lamp that will confine the fluorescent
bulb to the recycling bin of history.
2013 Apr 11, In northeast
Nigeria suspected Islamic extremists attacked a police station,
killing four officers in a gun battle in Babangida, Yobe state.
2013 Apr 11, North Korea
delivered a fresh round of rhetoric with claims it had "powerful
striking means" on standby for a missile launch. G-8 foreign,
meeting London, condemned North Korea's aggressive rhetoric and the
development of its nuclear missile programs, saying that Pyongyang's
recent actions threaten international security.
2013 Apr 11, In Pakistan
Taliban assailants on a motorcycle gunned down a candidate running
in upcoming elections. Fakhurl Islam, whose party has spoken out
strongly against the militant group, was killed near his home in
Hyderabad city in southern Sindh province.
2013 Apr 11, Palestinians laid
the groundstone in the West Bank town of Birzeit of what organizers
say will be the world's largest museum devoted to their history.
2013 Apr 11, Human Rights Watch
condemned Gaza's Hamas rulers for failing to investigate the public
slayings (Nov 20,2012) of seven Palestinian men accused of
collaborating with Israel.
2013 Apr 11, Syrian government
forces launched a counteroffensive in the south, capturing Sanamein
and killing at least 45 people including women and children. Human
Rights Watch, a US-based rights group, accused Syria of committing
war crimes by indiscriminate and sometimes deliberate airstrikes
against civilians, killing at least 4,300 people since last summer.
Rebels shot down a helicopter carrying food and supplies to the Wadi
Deif military base, killing the pilot and 3 other soldiers.
(AP, 4/11/13)(AP, 4/13/13)
2013 Apr 11, In Togo over
20,000 school children from primary, secondary and high schools
marched in the capital, Lome, in support of teachers who were on
strike to seek better working conditions.
2014 Apr 11, The United States
imposed sanctions on a Crimea-based gas company, Chernomorneftegaz,
effectively putting it off limits to Russia's state-controlled
Gazprom. The move, along with penalties on six Crimean separatists
and a former Ukrainian official, is the third round of US sanctions
since the Ukraine crisis erupted.
2014 Apr 11, G-20 financial
officials met in Washington DC and pledged to keep working on
economic reforms that could increase growth by 2 percent over the
next five years. The G-20 also endorsed the $14 billion to $18
billion loan package that the IMF has developed to help Ukraine
avoid a financial collapse.
2014 Apr 11, In Afghanistan a
suicide bomber killed a pro-government tribal elder and wounded
three civilians in Paktiya province.
2014 Apr 11, Australian PM Tony
Abbott said search and rescue officials are confident they know the
approximate position of the black box recorders from Malaysia
Airlines Flight MH370, missing since March 8.
2014 Apr 11, Police in the
Bahamas said they have discovered 75,000 marijuana plants with an
estimated value of $7.5 million in a rural area on eastern Grand
2014 Apr 11, In Brazil
squatters in Rio de Janeiro clashed with police after a Brazilian
court ordered that 5,000 people be evicted from abandoned buildings
of a telecommunications company.
2014 Apr 11, Britain's
crisis-hit Co-operative Bank posted a vast annual loss and axed
bonuses for former executives who had left prior to its
2014 Apr 11, Patrick Seale
(83), a veteran journalist and author on Middle Eastern affairs as
well as one of the world's leading historians on Syria, died in
London after a battle with cancer. His books included the
authoritative biography of the late Syrian President Hafez Assad,
"Assad of Syria: The Struggle for the Middle East" (1988).
2014 Apr 11, A Cambodian court
sentenced 13 men to prison terms ranging from five to nine years for
plotting to overthrow the government in a case that was criticized
by a human rights group as a political setup. The men were members
of a self-styled Khmer National Liberation Front calling for PM Hun
Sen's removal, primarily through Internet postings.
2014 Apr 11, In China residents
of the western city of Lanzhou rushed to buy bottled water after
authorities said the city's drinking water contained levels of
benzene, a cancer-inducing chemical, standing at 20 times above
national safety levels. The local environmental bureau blamed a
crude oil leak from a pipeline owned by a unit of China National
Petroleum Corp. (CNPC) for the water contamination.
(Reuters, 4/11/14)(Reuters, 4/13/14)
2014 Apr 11, Crimean lawmakers
adopted a new constitution, taking another step to cement the
region's absorption into Russia despite strong objections from the
Muslim Tatar minority.
2014 Apr 11, Egyptian soldiers
ambushed and killed Nour Hamdeen, a leader of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis,
an al-Qaida inspired group, as part of the government's ongoing
campaign against terror groups in the Sinai Peninsula. Separately
police were reported to have killed 2 gunmen who tried to set fire
to a Nile Delta police station.
(AP, 4/11/14)(SFC, 4/12/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 11, In Israel Ron
Pundak (59), a longtime peace activist and architect of the 1993
Oslo agreement between Israel and the Palestinians, died at home of
2014 Apr 11, Kenya's defense
ministry said its troops have freed two Kenyans kidnapped near its
northern border by Somalia's Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab rebels in 2011.
Officials identified the two as James Kiarie Gichuhi, a driver with
CARE International, and Daniel Njuguna Wanyoike, said to be working
with a logistics firm that may have been delivering medicines to the
2014 Apr 11, Kenya's Ministry
of Environment and Natural Resources said the central government
will oversee the running of the country's wildlife authority for the
next three months in a bid to stop poaching of the country's
elephants and rhinos.
2014 Apr 11, Lebanon launched a
fourth round of polio immunization, trying to prevent the disease
spreading from neighboring Syria along with the tide of refugees
fleeing the three-year conflict.
2014 Apr 11, Madagascar named
Kolo Christopher Laurent Roger as its new prime minister, part of a
process aimed at ending years of political crisis on the Indian
2014 Apr 11, In Namibia 4
people including a three-year-old boy died after a military
helicopter crashed in the north-east. 6 people survived.
2014 Apr 11, In Nigeria
suspected Boko Haram Islamists killed 19 people, including 6 college
teachers, over the last 24 hours in three separate attacks in the
troubled northeastern Borno state.
2014 Apr 11, Pakistani
officials said clashes this week between competing Taliban factions
killed as many as 43 fighters. Both Shehryar Mehsud and Khan Sayed
Sajna sought to gain control of the Mehsud faction of
(SFC, 4/12/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 11, In the Philippines
running gunbattles erupted early today on Basilan Island leaving 2
soldiers and 5 Abu Sayyaf militants dead. 28 soldiers were also
wounded following their assault on a group of Abu Sayyaf fighters
led by Puruji Indama. At least 18 Muslim rebels died in the fighting
near Tipo-tipo town on Basilan. Four of the dead were MILF members,
while the others were Abu Sayyaf militants.
(AP, 4/12/14)(Reuters, 4/15/14)
2014 Apr 11, The Philippines
and the United States reached agreement on a new security accord
allowing American military forces to share local bases for maritime
and humanitarian operations.
2014 Apr 11, Puerto Rico's
Supreme Court ruled that a law to change a teachers' retirement
system is unconstitutional, dealing a blow to the US territory's
governor as he tries to revive a sluggish economy.
2014 Apr 11, Sri Lanka's
military killed 3 ethnic Tamil separatist militants, the first
combat since government troops crushed the rebels in a 2009
2014 Apr 11, The Swiss
government said the Palestinians can join the Geneva Conventions
governing the rules of war and military occupations, twenty-five
years after they made their first bid for membership.
2014 Apr 11, Switzerland said
it will hand over to Tunisia $40 million (29 million euros) stashed
in Swiss bank accounts by the family of ousted dictator Zine El
Abidine Ben Ali. Investigations into the origin of $28.5 million
2014 Apr 11, Syria's Al-Qaeda
affiliate and its allies repulsed an assault by jihadist rivals
(ISIL) on Abu Kamal, a town on the Iraqi border, in fighting that
killed 86 people. People choking from poisoning were hospitalized
after air raids with barrel bombs on the town of Kafr Zita. State
television the next day reported that Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra
Front had released chlorine gas in an attack on the town that left
at least two people dead.
(AFP, 4/11/14)(AFP, 4/12/14)(SSFC, 4/13/14, p.A3)
2014 Apr 11, Thai security
forces shot dead 7 suspected drug smugglers and seized hundreds of
thousands of methamphetamine pills after a firefight in the Golden
Triangle border region.
2014 Apr 11, Turkey's
constitutional court dealt another blow to PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan
by annulling sections of a controversial law tightening the
government's control over the judiciary.
2014 Apr 11, Turkey condemned a
US Senate committee resolution branding the massacre of Armenians by
Ottoman forces during World War One as genocide and warned Congress
against taking steps that would harm Turkish-American ties.
2014 Apr 11, Ukraine's PM
Arseniy Yatsenyuk told leaders in the country's restive east that he
is committed to allowing regions to have more powers, but left it
unclear how his ideas differ from the demands of protesters now
occupying government buildings or Russia's advocacy of
2014 Apr 11, Nuclear technology
firm Westinghouse said it has reached a deal with Ukraine to deliver
fuel for its 15 reactors through 2020, a move that helps the country
reduce its reliance on Russia for energy supplies as it squabbles
with Moscow over unpaid gas bills.
2014 Apr 11, The United Arab
Emirates announced that one of six Filipino paramedics in Abu Dhabi,
who have been infected by the MERS coronavirus, has died from the
respiratory disease. The WHO said that it had been told of 212
laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS infection worldwide, of which 88
have proved fatal.