Today in History - April 12

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1065        Apr 12, Pilgrims under bishop Gunther of Bamberg reached Jerusalem.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1204        Apr 12, The Fourth Crusade, led by Boniface of Montferrat, sacked Constantinople. Constantinople fell to a combined force of Franks and Venetians. The 4th Crusade failed to reach Palestine but sacked the Byzantine Christian capital of Constantinople.
    (AM, May/Jun 97 p.)(NH, 9/96, p.22)(HN, 4/12/98)

1385        Apr 12, Willem van Oostervant wed Margaretha (10), Philip the Stout's daughter (Flanders).
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1522        Apr 12, Florentine artist Piero di Cosimo (b.1462), aka Piero di Lorenzo, died of plague. His work included “Cart of Death."
    (Econ, 1/31/15, p.76)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piero_di_Cosimo)

1545        Apr 12, French king Francis I ordered the Protestants of Vaudois killed.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1550        Apr 12, Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, was born (d.1604). Some claimed that he was responsible for all the 37 plays, 154 sonnets and 2 long narrative poems that are attributed to William Shakespeare. De Vere was first advanced as the author of Shakespeare’s work in 1918 by English schoolmaster J. Thomas Looney.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.E1)(WSJ, 5/1/97, p.A16)(WSJ, 4/18/09, p.A2)

1605        Apr 12, Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), died.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1606        Apr 12, England's King James I decreed the design of the original Union Flag (also referred to as the Union Jack), which combined the flags of England and Scotland.
    (HN, 4/12/98)(AP, 4/12/06)

1654        Apr 12, England, Ireland and Scotland united.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1692        Apr 12, Giuseppe Tartini, composer (Istria), was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1709        Apr 12, The Tatler magazine in England published its 1st edition.  It used the names of coffee houses as subject headings for articles.
    (MC, 4/12/02)(Econ, 12/20/03, p.89)

1716        Apr 12, Felice de' Giardini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1722        Apr 12, Pietro Nardini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1748        Apr 12, William Kent (b.c1685), English sculptor and architect (Kensington Palace), died. Kent introduced the Palladian style of architecture into England with the villa at Chiswick House.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Kent)(Econ, 3/22/14, p.83)

1769        Apr 12, Giovanni Agostino Perotti, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1770        Apr 12, British Parliament repealed the 1967 [Townshend] Townsend Acts that put duties on certain products imported to the US.   
    (WUD, 1994, p.1499)(HN, 4/12/98)

1776        Apr 12, North Carolina's Fourth Provincial Congress adopted the Halifax Resolves, which authorized the colony's delegates to the Continental Congress to support independence from Britain.
    (AP, 4/12/07)

1777        Apr 12, Henry Clay, the "Great Compromiser", American politician and statesman, was born. He ran unsuccessfully for president three times. [see Apr 22]
    (HN, 4/12/99)

1782        Apr 12, Revolutionary commander Captain Joshua Huddy (b.1735) was hanged as a scapegoat in New Jersey by loyalists headed by Captain Richard Lippincott outraged by the killing of loyalist soldier Philip White.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joshua_Huddy)(Econ, 12/20/14, p.49)
1782        Apr 12, The British navy won its only naval engagement against the colonists in the American Revolution at the Battle of Les Saintes in the West Indies off Dominica. A British fleet beat the French.
    (HN, 4/12/99)(MC, 4/12/02)

1787        Apr 12, Philadelphia's Free African Society formed.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1788        Apr 12, Carlo Antonio Campioni (67), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1791        Apr 12, Francis Preston Blair, Washington Globe newspaper editor, was born.
    (HN, 4/12/98)

1801        Apr 12, Josef Franz Karl Lanner, Austrian composer, violist, was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1811        Apr 12, First U.S. colonists on Pacific coast arrived at Cape Disappointment, Washington.
    (HN, 4/12/98)(MC, 4/12/02)

1826        Apr 12, Karl Maria von Weber's opera "Oberon," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1831        Apr 12, Grenville Mellen Dodge, Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1838        Apr 12, John Shaw Billings, American librarian, army physician, was born.
    (HN, 4/12/98)

1844        Apr 12, Texas became a US territory.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1845        Apr 12, Henry M. Baron the Kock (65), officer, politician, died.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1851        Apr 12, Emil Liebling, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1852        Apr 12, Carl Louis Ferdinand von Lindemann (d.1939), German mathematician, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_von_Lindemann)

1861        Apr 12, The Confederates sent a final ultimatum for the surrender of Fort Sumter at 12:45 a.m. Upon receiving Anderson's refusal, Gen'l. Beauregard's artillery began to bombard Fort Sumter at 4:30 a.m. For 34 hours, the Confederates and Federals traded fire before Anderson surrendered on April 13. The Civil War had begun.
    (Hem. 1/95, p. 70)(AP, 4/12/97)(HN, 4/12/98)(HNPD, 4/12/99)

1862        Apr 12, Union volunteers from Ohio, led by Lt. James J. Andrews, stole a Confederate train near Marietta, Ga. They were caught 89 miles up the track. 8 of the 24 raiders were hanged that summer. 8 others escaped and made their way north. The episode inspired Buster Keaton’s 1927 comedy "The General." In 1956 Disney retold the story in “The Great Locomotive Chase" with Fess Parker. In 2006 Russell S. Bonds authored “Stealing the General."
    (AP, 4/12/00)(WSJ, 11/10/06, p.W4)
1862        Apr 12, Union troops occupied Fort Pulaski, Georgia.
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1862        Apr 12, Union Gen. David Hunter (1802-1886) formed the first official African-American regiment during the Civil War. The First South Carolina Volunteer Infantry was first organized in the Department of the South by Gen. David Hunter at Hilton Head, SC, in May of 1862.
    (AH, 4/07, p.14)(http://johnib.wordpress.com/category/abraham-lincoln/)

1863        Apr 12-14, Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche, Louisiana.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1864        Apr 12, Battle of Blair's Landing in LA.
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1864        Apr 12, Battle of Blair's Landing in LA.
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1864        Apr 12, Confederate forces under Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Fort Pillow, Tennessee, and killed many black Union troops there. Charged with ruthless killing, Forrest argued that the soldiers had been killed trying to escape; however, racial animosity on the part of his troops was undoubtedly a factor.
    (HN, 4/12/99)(http://www.civilwarweb.com/articles/05-99/ftpillow.htm)

1869        Apr 12, The US Supreme Court in Texas v White established that secession is illegal. The case involved a claim by the Reconstruction government of Texas that United States bonds owned by Texas since 1850 had been illegally sold by the Confederate state legislature during the American Civil War.
    (Econ, 12/1/12, p.34)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_v._White)
1869        Apr 12, Henri-Desire Landru (Bluebeard), French sex murderer, was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1869        Apr 12, North Carolina legislature passed an anti-Klan Law.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1872        Apr 12, Jesse James gang robbed bank in Columbia, Kentucky, of $1,500 with 1 person killed.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1877        Apr 12, The catcher's mask was first used in a baseball game, by James Tyng of Harvard, in an exhibition game against the Live Oaks of Lynn, Mass. In 1878 Frederick Thayer, manager and 3rd baseman for the Harvard team, applied for and received a patent for the mask. Thayer became a lawyer after graduating and in 1886 successfully sued Spalding for patent infringement.
    (AP, 4/12/07)(ON, 6/08, p.12)

1878        Apr 12, William M "Boss" Tweed, NYC politician, died in prison.
    (MC, 4/12/02)(Arch, 7/02, p.24)

1883        Apr 12, Imogen Cunningham, photographer (1965 ASMP award), was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1892        Apr 12, George C. Blickensderfer received the first US patent for a portable typewriter.
    (www.todayinsci.com/4/4_12.htm)

1897        Apr 12, Prof. Edward Drinker Cope (b.1840), paleontologist, died in Pennsylvania. He had discovered many hitherto unknown dinosaur species. He willed his bones to science and by 1994 was settled in the Univ. of Pennsylvania’s Museum of Archeology and Anthropology and proposed as a type specimen for Homo sapiens. In 1999 David Rains Wallace authored "The Bonehunter's Revenge: Dinosaurs, Greed, and the Greatest Scientific Feud of the Gilded Age," which covered the feud between Cope and Othniel Charles Marsh.
    (WSJ, 11/1/94, p.1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Drinker_Cope)

1905        Apr 12, Hippodrome arena opened in NYC.
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1905        Apr 12, French Dufaux brothers tested a helicopter.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1908        Apr 12, Fire devastated the city of Chelsea, Massachusetts.
    (AP, 4/12/08)

1911        Apr 12, Pierre Prier completed the first non-stop London-Paris flight in three hours and 56 minutes.
    (HN, 4/12/99)

1912        Apr 12, Clara Barton (b.1821), the founder of the American Red Cross, died at her home in Glen Echo, Maryland at age 90.
    (ON, 8/12, p.12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clara_Barton)

1916        Apr 12, American cavalrymen and Mexican bandit troops clashed at Parrel, Mexico.
    (HN, 4/12/99)

1917        Apr 12, Domenico Scarlatti's and Jean Cocteau's ballet premiered in Rome.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1919        Apr 12, Maurice Girodias, French publisher, was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1920        Apr 12, In Colombia the firm Nacional de Chocolates was founded. In the 1970s three of the largest holding companies in the country bought stock from each other in order to protect themselves from hostile takeovers. The newly formed Antioquean Syndicate was composed of: Suramericana de Seguros, Nacional de Chocolates, and Cementos Argos.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compan%C3%ADa_Nacional_de_Chocolates)(WSJ, 1/16/97, p.A12)

1922        Apr 12, A San Francisco jury acquitted actor Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle in his 3rd murder trial following 2 hung juries.
    (SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W7)(AH, 2/05, p.47)

1923        Apr 12, Ann Miller, [Lucille Ann Collier], dancer (On the Town), was born in Cherino, Tex.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1925        Apr 12, Tiny Tim, [Herbert Khaury], singer (Tiptoe Through the Tulips), was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1927        Apr 12, The British Cabinet came out in favor of women voting rights.
    (HN, 4/12/98)
1927        Apr 12, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek began a counter revolution in Shanghai.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1928        Apr 12, Hermann Koehl attempted a 2nd nonstop flight Europe to North America in a Junkers monoplane, the Bremen. Koehl along with a navigator and passenger departed from Ireland and reached Greenly Island, Quebec, the next day.
    (ON, 9/02, p.5)

1931        Apr 12, Spanish voters rejected the monarchy.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1932        Apr 12, Emmanuel Chabrier's and Balanchine's ballet premiered in Monte Carlo.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1933        Apr 12, Montserrat Caballe, soprano (Mimi-La Boheme), was born in Barcelona, Spain.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1934        Apr 12,    The F. Scott Fitzgerald novel "Tender Is the Night" was first published by Scribner's in New York. It had been serialized in Scribner's Magazine.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
1934        Apr 12, In New Hampshire a weather station on Mount Washington recorded a record wind gust of 231 mph before the anemometer broke.
    (SSFC, 4/12/09, p.C10)

1935        Apr 12, Wendy Savage, obstetrician, gynecologist, was born.
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1935        Apr 12, Germany prohibited the publishing of "not-Aryan" writers.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1937        Apr 12, The US Supreme Court ruled that the 1935 National Labor Relations Act is unconstitutional.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)

1939        Apr 12, Alan Ayckbourn, playwright, was born in London.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1940        Apr 12, Italy annexed Albania.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1941        Apr 12, Vichy-France's head of government Admiral Dalan consulted with Hitler.
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1941        Apr 12, Alain Le Ray (1910-2006), a leader in the French Resistance, become the first to escape from the infamous Colditz prison in Germany. Le Ray had been captured in June 1940. The Nazis had touted the jail as escape proof, and his exploits were recounted in the 1976 book "Premiere a Colditz" ("First in Colditz").
    (AP, 6/8/07)(www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/naziprison/cold_01.html)

1942        Apr 12, Japan killed about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1944        Apr 12, Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1944        Apr 12, The U.S. Twentieth Air Force was activated to begin the strategic bombing of Japan.
    (HN, 4/12/99)

1945        Apr 12, Richard Strauss completed his "Metamorphosis."
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1945        Apr 12, Pres. Franklin Delano Roosevelt the 32nd president of the United States, died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Ga., at age 63. Roosevelt, a polio victim confined to a wheelchair, spent a great deal of time in the soothing waters of the resort. He succumbed to a cerebral hemorrhage while posing for a portrait by Elizabeth Shoumatoff at what came to be known as the Little White House in Warm Springs, where the unfinished portrait remains on display. Lucy Rutherford Mercer, his secret companion, was at his bedside. He was succeeded by his Vice-President, Harry S. Truman. The 63-year-old president had been at Warm Springs, Georgia, since March 28, resting from the rigors of leading a nation at war. Roosevelt, left paralyzed by polio in 1921, was elected to the nation's highest office four times and is judged by historians to be among the greatest American presidents. He was buried at the Roosevelt family home in Hyde Park, New York. The period is covered in "Mr. Truman’s War" (1996) by Robert Moskin. In 2001 "The New Dealer’s War," the 5th and last volume of the Roosevelt biography by Thomas Fleming (d.1999) was published. In 2001 Kenneth S. Davis authored "FDR: The War President." In 2003 Conrad Black, aka Lord Black of Crossharbour, authored "Franklin Delano Roosevelt." In 2008 H. W. Brands authored “"Traitor to His Class: The Privileged Life and Radical Presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt."
    (A & IP., ESM, p.167)(WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A8)(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A10)(AP, 4/12/97)(HN, 4/11/99)(HNQ, 6/16/00)(WSJ, 4/26/01, p.A18)(WSJ, 12/3/03, p.D12)(Econ, 11/1/08, p.95)
1945        Apr 12, Robert Daniell (1901-1996), British tank commander, entered with his tank crew into Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. He found some 10,000 corpses killed by the guards as the allies approached. Of the remaining 38,500 prisoners, barely a third survived.
    (SFEC, 1/5/97, p.B8)
1945        Apr 12, Canadian troops liberated the Nazi concentration camp at Westerbork, Neth.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1946        Apr 12, Syria gained independence from France.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1947        Apr 12, David Letterman, comedian (Late Night), was born in Indianapolis, Ind.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1949        Apr 12, Scott Turow, writer and attorney, was born.
    (HN, 4/12/01)

1951        Apr 12, The Israeli Knesset officially designated the 27th of Nissan, a few days after the end of Passover, as Holocaust Memorial Day.
    (http://tinyurl.com/76zxh)

1954        Apr 12, Bill Haley & the Comets recorded "Rock Around the Clock" at NYC's Pythian Temple. It was written by Max C. Freedman and Jimmy de Knight. Haley's "Rock Around the Clock," was originally released as the B side of “Thirteen Women." Haley died in 1981.
    (www.rockabillyhall.com/RockClockTribute.html)(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.D8)
1954        Apr 12, Joe Turner released "Shake, Rattle & Roll."
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1954        Apr 12, AEC hearings began on Robert Oppenheimer. Lewis Strauss, head of the AEC, had accused Oppenheimer on Dec 21, 1953, of disloyalty and presented a list of the charges against him. Oppenheimer refused to resign, demanded a hearing, and hired a lawyer.
    (http://tinyurl.com/8e8lf)

1955        Apr 12, The Salk Vaccine was declared safe and effective. Salk vaccine shots for polio began to be given out to school kids. The March of Dimes accomplished its mission within 20 years. Research led by Dr. Jonas Salk, of the Univ. of Pittsburgh, and supported by funds (those marching little dimes) raised annually by thousands of volunteers, resulted in the announcement that the Salk polio vaccine was "safe, potent and effective." The foundation also supported the research that led to the Sabin oral vaccine, another safe, effective polio preventative discovered by Dr. Albert B. Sabin. Following the victory over infantile paralysis, the March of Dimes turned its attention to conquering the largest killer and crippler of children: the mental and physical problems that are present at birth. Some 100 million people were given the vaccine during the 1950s and 1960s which was later found to be contaminated with the SV40 simian virus, a possible carcinogen.
    (AP, 4/12/97)(440 Int'l, 1/3/99)(SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A16,17)

1956        Apr 12, Henrique da Rocha-Lima (b.1879), Brazilian scientist, died. Working in Germany, he with Stanislaus von Prowazek (1875-1915) discovered Rickettsia prowazekii, the pathogen of endemic typhus, which he named after the German zoologist.
    (www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/3185.html)

1959        Apr 12, France Observator reported torture practice by French army in Algeria.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1960        Apr 12, Bill Veeck and Chicago’s Comiskey Park debuted the "Exploding Scoreboard."
    (MC, 4/12/02)
1960        Apr 12, The SF Giants made their opening day debut in the new Candlestick stadium before 42,000 fans. The stadium was built by Charles Harney (d.1962), a friend of Mayor Christopher, who also sold 41 acres to the city at $66,853 per acre. He had purchased the land just a few years earlier at $2,100 per acre. Harney received $7 million for building the stadium and was named director of the corporation set up to build the stadium. The stadium was designed by architect John S. Boles. A radiant heating system for the 2nd tier seats failed to work.
    (SFC, 5/3/01, p.A8)(SFC, 4/10/10, DB p.50)(SFC, 12/21/13, p.C2)

1961        Apr 12, Douglas MacArthur was offered baseball commissioner position but declined.
    (HN, 4/12/98)
1961        Apr 12, Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut, experienced the weightlessness of space for 108 minutes. He orbited the Earth once before making a safe landing. The Russians rocketed Yuri Gagarin, the first man into space. His ship, Vostok I, was guided entirely from the ground.
    (SFEC, 2/16/97, Z1 p.6)(AP, 4/12/97)(HN, 4/12/98)(NPub, 2002, p.20)

1963        Apr 12, Police used dogs and cattle prods on peaceful civil rights demonstrators in Birmingham, Alabama.
    (HN, 4/12/98)

1966        Apr 12, Emmett Ashford became the first African-American major league umpire. [see Apr 6]
    (HN, 4/12/99)
1966        Apr 12, Jan Berry (1942-2004) of the "Jan and Dean" duo was involved in a car crash that left him in a month-long coma. Their hit songs from 1960-1966 included: "Little Old lady from Pasadena," "Deadman’s Curve," and "Surf City."
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, DB p.63)(SSFC, 3/28/04, p.B5)
1966        Apr 12, 1st B-52 bombing on North Vietnam took place.
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1969        Apr 12, Simon and Garfunkel released "The Boxer."
    (MC, 4/12/02)

1973        Apr 12, In Swaziland Sobhuza II repealed the constitution and dissolved parliament, making himself absolute ruler. Political parties were banned and a state of emergency was declared.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobhuza_II)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.48)
1973        Apr 12, Viet Nam and France officially established diplomatic relations.
    (www.mofa.gov.vn/en/nr040807104143/nr040807105001/ns050606140016)

1975        Apr 12, Josephine Baker (b.1906), US-French revue artist (Folies-Bergere), died in Paris, France.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josephine_Baker)
1975        Apr 12, The US removed its embassy personnel from Phnom Penh. Some of Cambodia's most senior government ministers, including the Acting President, Saukham Khoy, were among the evacuees.
    (http://tinyurl.com/rsqt5)

1980        Apr 12, In Texas Richard Whitehead (16) was shot and killed after allegedly drinking into the early hours with co-worker Delma Banks. Banks claimed he was innocent, but was convicted in the murder and sentenced to death. The US Supreme Court stopped the execution in 2004 and allowed Banks to appeal his conviction.
    (SFC, 2/25/04, p.A4)(www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?did=563&scid=)
1980        Apr 12, In Liberia Master Sergeant Samuel K. Doe (1951-1990) of the Krahn tribe staged a coup. Doe, a high school dropout, and a few soldiers killed Pres. William Tolbert and fatally shot a dozen of his ministers. He was backed by the US and became one of Liberia’s most brutal dictators.
    (SFC, 4/10/96, p.A-4)(SFC, 4/16/96, p.A-9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Doe)

1981        Apr 12, The first space shuttle, Columbia, carrying astronauts Robert L. Crippen and John W. Young, blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on its first test flight. It was designated STS-1 (space transportation system).
    (WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)(AP, 4/12/97)(SSFC, 2/2/03, p.A6)
1981        Apr 12, Hendrik F. Andriessen (b.1892), Dutch organist, composer (Te Deum), died.
    (http://www2.rnw.nl/mu/en/behind/biographies/hendrikandriessen)
1981        Apr 12, Joe Louis (b.1914), [Brown bomber] heavyweight champion boxer (1937-49), died. He was buried at Arlington Cemetery under a waiver by Pres. Reagan.
    (SFC, 10/3/98, p.E4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Louis)

1982        Apr 12, In Manhattan 3 CBS employees were shot to death on a rooftop parking lot. Donald Nash (47) was charged with using a .22 caliber handgun kill Margaret Barbera, who was cooperating with a Federal investigation into a $6 million fraud, and Leo Kuranuki, Robert Schulze and Edward Benford, three CBS technicians who the police believe were coming to her aid. Mr. Nash was convicted in 1983 and sentenced to four consecutive 25-year terms in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2jvq2q)

1983        Apr 12, Chicagoans went to the polls to elect Harold Washington the city's first black mayor.
    (AP, 4/12/97)(HN, 4/12/98)

1985        Apr 12,    Sen. Jake Garn of Utah became the first senator to fly in space as the shuttle Discovery lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
    (AP, 4/12/97)
1985        Apr 12, In Australia the charred remains of Sandra White (34) were found in rural Victoria. In 2009 Steven Hutton (54) was later accused of strangling her and setting her on fire. He is alleged to have confessed to the killing after being detained in a London psychiatric hospital following a road accident in 1990. In 2009 he was set to be extradited from Britain.
    (AFP, 3/20/09)
1985        Apr 12, A bombing in Madrid, Spain, killed 18 and injured 82. Shia Muslim extremists claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/12/04, p.A11)

1987        Apr 12, Texaco Inc., fighting an $11 billion judgment in favor of Pennzoil Co. stemming from Texaco's acquisition of Getty Oil Co., filed for federal bankruptcy protection. Texaco, with assets of $33.8 billion, later settled with Pennzoil for $3 billion.
    (AP, 4/12/97)(SFC, 4/7/01, p.A4)

1988        Apr 12, The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office issued a patent to Harvard University for a genetically engineered mouse, the first time a patent was granted for an animal life form.
    (AP, 5/9/98)
1988        Apr 12, Sonny Bono elected mayor of Palm Springs, Calif.
    (http://movies.yahoo.com/movie/contributor/1800057596/bio)
1988        Apr 12, Alan Stewart Paton (b.1903), South African writer (Cry The Beloved Country), died. He founded and served as president of the Liberal Party (1953-68).
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/apaton.htm)

1989        Apr 12, NY State leaders agreed to raise unemployment benefits to $245 per week.
    (http://tinyurl.com/zevt2)
1989        Apr 12, Abbie Hoffman (52), radical activist, was found dead at his home in New Hope, Penn. He suffered from bipolar mental illness that was only diagnosed in 1980. In 1996 Jonah Raskin wrote: “For the Hell of It: The Life and Times of Abbie Hoffman." In 1994 Jack Hoffman, Abbie’s brother, wrote a biography, as did Marty Jezer in 1992. His wife, Anita, died in 1998. She wrote "Trashing," a fictional memoir of her activity as a Yippie. In 1999 Larry Sloman published "Steal This Dream: Abbie Hoffman and the Countercultural Revolution in America."
    (SFC, 12/29/96, BR p.5,6)(SFC, 12/31/98, p.D4)(SFEC, 2/14/99, BR p.7) (AP, 4/12/99)
1989        Apr 12, Sugar Ray Robinson (b.1921), former middleweight boxing champion, died in Culver City, Ca., after suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. In 2009 Wil Haygood authored “Sweet Thunder: The Life and Times of Sugar Ray Robinson."
    (AP, 4/12/99)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.96)

1990        Apr 12, Greyhound Bus hired new drivers to replace strikers.
    (www.scopesys.com/cgi-bin/today2.cgi?askmonth=04&askday=12)
1990        Apr 12, James Brown (b.1933) was moved to the lower Savannah Work Center in Aiken County, SC, after serving 15 months.
    (www.epinions.com/content_3372720260)
1990        Apr 12, In its first meeting, East Germany's first democratically elected parliament acknowledged responsibility for the Nazi Holocaust, and asked the forgiveness of Jews and others who had suffered.
    (AP, 4/12/00)

1991        Apr 12, Defense Secretary Dick Cheney announced plans to close 31 major US military bases, including Ford Ord in California and Fort Dix in New Jersey.
    (AP, 4/12/01)
1991        Apr 12, Kurdish rebels reported the Iraqi army was attacking guerrillas in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 4/12/01)

1992        Apr 12,    After five years in the making, Euro Disneyland, a theme park costing $4 billion, opened in Marne-La-Vallee, France, amid controversy as French intellectuals bemoaned the invasion of American pop culture.
    (AP, 4/12/97)

1993        Apr 12, NATO warplanes began enforcing a United Nations no-fly zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina; meanwhile, Bosnian Serbs bombarded the besieged eastern town of Srebrenica.
    (AP, 5/9/98)

1994        Apr 12, Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell declined to be nominated to the Supreme Court.
    (AP, 4/12/99)
1994        Apr 12, Playwright Edward Albee won his third Pulitzer prize for "Three Tall Women"; the Pulitzer prize for fiction went to E. Annie Proulx for "The Shipping News"; the gold-medal award for public service journalism went to the Akron Beacon-Journal of Ohio.
    (AP, 4/12/99)
1994        Apr 12, The US Operations Distant Runner and Support Hope began in Rwanda and ended Sep 30, 1994. They cost $147.8 billion.
    (WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)
1994        Apr 12, In Iraq Shiite dissident Talib al-Suhail was assassinated by the Iraqi Intelligence Service in Beirut.
    (AP, 4/21/11)(www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Safia_Taleb_al-Suhail)

1995        Apr 12, In a move that stunned the business world, billionaire Kirk Kerkorian and former Chrysler Chairman Lee Iacocca made an unsolicited $22.8 billion-dollar bid to buy the nation's third largest automaker; Chrysler responded that it wasn't for sale.
    (AP, 4/12/00)

1996        Apr 12, The artwork of Masamune Shirow was featured in the Japanese animation epic “Ghost in the Shell." It was set in a futuristic Tokyo of 2029.
    (SFC, 4/12/96, p.D-3)
1996        Apr 12, President Clinton named U.S. Trade Representative Mickey Kantor to succeed the late Ron Brown as commerce secretary.
    (AP, 4/12/97)
1996        Apr 12, Historian Stanley I. Kutler of the Univ. of Wisconsin won the release of the Nixon White House tapes. The first 200 of 3000 hours that document the Watergate coverup will be released by November. He started his suit in 1992.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-2)
1996        Apr 12, Poland’s government agreed to grant pensions to former presidents Lech Walesa, Wojciech Jaruzelski, and the last pre-Communist pres. Ryszard Kaszorowski. The net pension will be about $1600 a month. Legislators later approved $800 per month.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-9)(WSJ, 5/31/96, p.A1)
1996        Apr 12, Pres. Fernando Henrique Cardoso signed a decree allowing up to 18,000 inmates of Brazil’s prisons to go free.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-9)
1996        Apr 12, A judge in Toluca, Mexico ordered that Raul Salinas de Gortari stand trial on charges of hiding millions of dollars in unexplained income during his career as administrator of food-subsidy programs in the 1980s.
    (WSJ, 4/15/96, p.A-15)

1997        Apr 12, The new $38.4 million Museum of African American History was scheduled to open in Detroit at 315 E. Warren Ave. with a 16,000-sq.-foot core exhibit. The building was paid for by a city-backed bond issue but the collection was started by Dr. Charles Wright.
    (Sky, 4/97, p.28)(SFEC, 2/23/97, p.T7)(WSJ, 9/30/97, p.A20)
1997        Apr 12, George Wald (80), US scientist (Nobel Prize, vitamin A in retina), died.
    (http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1967/wald-bio.html)
1997        Apr 12, In Honduras Candido Amador, a Chorti tribal leader, was shot to death near the ruins of Copan after a meeting with local landowners. He had demanded that the government turn over 35,000 acres of land that was promised to the indigenous peoples in an agreement with the Spanish colonial government in the 18th century. Another leader, Ovidio Perez, was gunned down less than a month later.
    (SFC, 9/30/97, p.A13)
1997        Apr 12, In Italy the Shroud of Turin was recovered from a fire that began in the Guarini chapel of the city’s 15th century cathedral.
    (WSJ, 4/14/97, p.A1)
1997        Apr 12, From Madagascar it was reported that a plague of locusts was poised to sweep over the 5 million acres of rich farmland in the south of the nation.
    (SFC, 4/12/97, p.A12)
1997        Apr 12, Undaunted by a cache of explosives found on his travel route, Pope John Paul II plunged into a peace mission to Sarajevo, wading into crowds and declaring, "Never again war."
    (AP, 5/9/98)

1998        Apr 12, Easter.
1998        Apr 12, Mark O’Meara won the Masters golf tournament in Augusta, Ga. with a 9-under-par score of 279.
    (WSJ, 4/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/12/99)
1998        Apr 12, In Columbia at least 22 soldiers and leftist rebels were killed in fighting in Restrepo.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.C12)
1998        Apr 12, Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams appealed to IRA supporters to accept Northern Ireland's compromise peace accord.
    (AP, 4/12/99)
1998        Apr 12, In Italy Maria Angela Rubino (32) was found shot in a train bathroom. The murder was similar to 6 others along the Italian Riviera since March 9.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A10)
1998        Apr 12, In Mexico authorities expelled 12 foreigners from Chiapas state saying they had engaged in activity in support of the Zapatista rebels. Two int’l. news photographers were beaten and police attempted to confiscate their film as they boarded a plane for Mexico City. The expelled group reported that they had witnessed a military operation to shut down a town council in Taniperlas, that was raided the previous day by 750 police and troops.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.A10)(SFC, 4/14/98, p.C12)

1999        Apr 12, In Arkansas U.S. District Judge Susan Webber Wright cited President Clinton for contempt of court, concluding that the president had lied about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky in a deposition in the Paula Jones case.
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A1)(AP, 4/12/00)
1999        Apr 12, A jury in Little Rock, Ark., acquitted Susan McDougal of obstructing Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr's Whitewater inquiry and deadlocked on two other charges, causing a mistrial.
    (AP, 4/12/00)
1999        Apr 12, The Snake River in southeastern Washington state was named as the nation's most endangered river because of 4 dams that have brought salmon runs to the brink of extinction.
    (SFC, 4/12/99, p.A19)
1999        cApr 12, BoxCar Willie, country singer, died at age 67. He was born as Lecil Martin in Starett, Texas, and spent 22 years in the Air Force.
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A19)
1999        Apr 12, NATO allies considered establishing a protectorate to shield Kosovo from Yugoslav forces. Senior commander Gen'l. Wesley Clark asked the Pentagon for 300 more warplanes. NATO bombs hit a train car at a railroad bridge over the Juzna Morava River and 10 were killed and 16 injured.
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 4/13/99, p.A1)(SFC, 4/14/99, p.A13)(SFC, 4/20/99, p.A7)
1999        Apr 12, NATO bombs destroyed the October 14 heavy machinery manufacturing plant in the Krusevac region of Serbia.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, p.A28)
1999        Apr 12, In Colombia an Avianca plane was hijacked with 46 people aboard and flown to a guerrilla stronghold in Bolivar province.
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A11)
1999        Apr 12, In East Timor 4 people were killed in fighting between factions for and against independence from Indonesia.
    (WSJ, 4/13/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 12, In Germany a monorail fell from its suspension rail and plunged 30 feet into the Wupper river. 3 people were killed and 47 injured in the derailment of the historic (1901) "hanging railway."
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A11)
1999        Apr 12, In Hungary a Russian aid convoy bound for Serbia was allowed to proceed.
    (WSJ, 4/13/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 12, In southern Lebanon guerrillas detonated a roadside bomb and killed one Israeli soldier and wounded 2 others. The Shiite Muslim Hezbollah claimed responsibility and announced that Israeli troops had killed one its fighters hours earlier.
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A11)
1999        Apr 12, In Russia the parliament voted to delay a vote of impeachment on Pres. Yeltsin.
    (SFC, 4/13/99, p.A11)
1999        Apr 12, Yugoslavia's federal parliament voted to join a political alliance with Russia and Belarus. Igor Ivanov, the foreign minister of Russia, endorsed the proposal, but the alliance existed for the most part only on paper.
    (WSJ, 4/13/99, p.A14)

2000        Apr 12, Attorney General Janet Reno met in Miami with the US relatives of Elian Gonzalez, after which she ordered them to bring the six-year-old boy to an airport the next day so he could be taken to a reunion with his father in Washington. Elian was seized by federal agents ten days after Reno’s order to turn him over.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 4/12/01)
2000        Apr 12, Detroit police arrested John Eric Armstrong (26), a suspected serial killer. Armstrong was reported to be responsible for killing some 20 prostitutes since 1992, when he served in the US Navy aboard the Nimitz.
    (SFC, 4/14/00, p.A16)
2000        Apr 12, It was reported that the Vermont-based Ben & Jerry’s ice-cream maker would be sold to Unilever Corp.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.D1)
2000        Apr 12, China’s Pres. Jiang Zemin arrived in Israel to support commercial defense relations between the two countries.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.A15)
2000        Apr 12, In Colombia police and US drug agents swept over 4 cities in “Operation Millennium II" and made 49 arrests in the country’s largest heroin ring.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.A16)
2000        Apr 12, In Israel the Supreme Court ruled that the detention of Lebanese men for more than a decade was illegal. A release was scheduled for 13 men on Apr 17.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.A14)
2000        Apr 12, In Pakistan at least 11 people were killed in Mulawali when gunmen hurled a grenade into a prayer meeting of Shiite Muslims followed by automatic rifle fire. 30 people were injured.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.A16)
2000        Apr 12, In Peru officials announced that a runoff election would be held between Pres. Fujimori and Alejandro Toledo.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.A14)
2000        Apr 12, In the Philippines the Arlahada ferryboat capsized after leaving Jolo and at least 56 people died. Another 100 were missing and feared dead. The death toll later rose to 133.
    (SFC, 4/13/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 4/17/00, p.A1)

2001        Apr 12, The 24 crew members of a US spy plane arrived in Hawaii after being held for 11 days in China. Pres. Bush blamed the Chinese for the midair collision of the US spy plane and a Chinese jet and rebuffed demands to end reconnaissance flights off the coast of China. In 2006 it was revealed that Prince Bandar bin Sultan, Saudi ambassador to the US, negotiated the release of the crew on behalf of Pres. Bush.
    (SFC, 4/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/12/06)(WSJ, 10/11/06, p.D10)
2001        Apr 12, Maryland banned farming of genetically modified fish in waters linked to other bodies.
    (WSJ, 4/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 12, In Cincinnati Mayor Charles Luken declared a state of emergency and imposed a citywide curfew and other measures to prevent a 4th night of riots following the fatal shooting of an unarmed black man by police. This was the worst outbreak of racial violence in the city since the aftermath of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968.
    (SFC, 4/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/11/02)
2001        Apr 12, It was reported that antiseizure drugs caused higher than normal birth defects among children born to epileptic mothers.
    (SFC, 4/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 12, Tornadoes killed at least 4 people in Iowa, Missouri and Oklahoma.
    (WSJ, 4/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 12, In Chad a trailer truck carrying some 100 passengers went off the Chagoua Bridge and plunged into the Chari River near the capital of N’Djamena. Most were missing and feared dead.
    (SFC, 4/14/01, p.A10)
2001        Apr 12, In Indonesia Pres. Wahid abandoned attempts to negotiate with separatist rebels in Aceh and ordered his troops to resume fighting.
    (SFC, 4/13/01, p.A15)
2001        Apr 12, In the Philippines government troops raided the Abu Sayyaf rebel camp on Jolo Island and freed Jeffrey Schilling. Some of the rebels were killed and others wounded.
    (SFC, 4/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/11/02)

2002        Apr 12, Colin Powell arrived in Israel as another suicide bombing killed 6 people in Jerusalem at the Mahane Yehuda market. Powell failed to PM Sharon to set a timetable for withdrawal from West Bank cities. Powell postponed a meeting with Arafat and demanded that Arafat condemn the latest attack. Estimates of Palestinian dead from Israeli operations in Jenin reached 100-200. An elderly Palestinian couple were rescued after being buried for 7 days by an Israeli bulldozer in Jenin.
    (SFC, 4/13/02, p.1,13)(SFC, 4/15/02, p.A11)
2002        Apr 12, Boston's Cardinal Bernard Law ignored growing demands for his resignation because of the sex scandal engulfing the church. Law ended up resigning the following December.
    (AP, 4/12/03)
2002        Apr 12, Greenpeace activists tried to hang an anti-Bush banner on a container ship at the Port of Miami-Dade. Federal prosecutors used an 1872 "sailor mongering" law to make their case against the activists and Greenpeace.
    (SFC, 12/30/03, p.A5)
2002        Apr 12, Arab militant groups including Hezbollah, Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood issued a manifesto declaring that Arab governments had betrayed the Palestinians and called holy war “the religious duty of every Muslim."
    (SFC, 4/17/02, p.A14)
2002        Apr 12, An earthquake hit northern Afghanistan and at least 59 people were killed, mostly in Doabi.
    (SFC, 4/13/02, p.A10)(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A24)
2002        Apr 12, In Hong Kong police began expelling an estimated 4,300 mainland-born Chinese, who were refused the right of residence.
    (SFC, 4/13/02, p.A11)
2002        Apr 12, In Nepal rebel attacks killed 160 people. 60 police officers were killed defending the house of Interior Security Minister Khum Bahadur Khadka. 27 officers who surrendered were beheaded and 2 were burned alive.
    (SSFC, 4/14/02, p.A14)
2002        Apr 12, Russia sent troops into the Kodori gorge of Georgia to watch the Abkhazia border. The move was condemned by Georgian officials and troops were soon withdrawn.
    (SFC, 4/13/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 12, UN delegates in Madrid agreed on a 44-page “Int’l. Plan of Action on Aging." There were no specifics to finance or monitor compliance.
    (SFC, 4/13/02, p.A11)
2002        Apr 12, In Venezuela Pedro Carmona Estanga, head of a business association, proclaimed himself interim president and declared the constitution abolished. A summit of Latin American leaders criticized the ouster of Hugo Chavez. Chavez had resigned under pressure from the country's divided military but was returned to office two days later.
    (SFC, 4/13/02, p.A9)(AP, 4/12/03)(Econ, 3/9/13, p.24)

2003        Apr 12, The US Congress approved almost $79 billion to pay for the war in Iraq.
    (SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 12, Finance officials from the seven richest industrial countries, meeting in Washington, agreed to support a new UN Security Council resolution as part of a global effort to rebuild Iraq and promised to begin talks on reducing Iraq's massive foreign debt burden.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2003        Apr 12, In the 25th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US officials said 1,200 police and judicial officers will go to Iraq to help restore order. In western Iraq, US forces stopped a busload of men who had $630,000 in cash and a letter offering rewards for killing American soldiers. Baghdad Museum lost some 50,000 artifacts after 48 hours of looting. Unesco later reported 150,000 items lost with a combined value in the billions. It was later reported that losses were minimal and that curators had put away most valuables into vaults before the war began.
    (AP, 4/12/03)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 4/16/03, p.B1)(WSJ, 6/12/03, p.D8)
2003        Apr 12, Lt. Gen. Amer al-Saadi (7 of diamonds), Saddam Hussein's science adviser, surrendered to US military authorities. He insisted Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction and that the invasion was unjustified.
    (AP, 4/12/03)
2003        Apr 12, Rescued POW Jessica Lynch returned to the United States after treatment at a U.S. military hospital in Germany.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2003        Apr 12, Women's activists took their fight against the all-male Augusta National as close as they could get to the Masters tournament.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2003        Apr 12, In eastern Afghanistan a car packed with explosives exploded, killing four people who apparently were planning a terrorist attack.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 12, In northern Bangladesh up to 100 people were reported missing after a ferry capsized in the Nagchinni River. Searchers recovered the bodies of victims, bringing the death toll to 16.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 12, Belgium's Prince Laurent married English-born commoner Claire Coombs in an elaborate state ceremony.
    (AP, 4/12/03)
2003        Apr 12, Canada reported 3 more deaths from the deadly SARS virus, lifting the national toll to 13. 274 probable or suspect cases have been reported across Canada, up from 266. Canadian scientists reported that they had broken the genetic code of the SARS virus.
    (AP, 4/13/03)(SFC, 4/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 12, In San Pedro Sula, northern Honduras, gunmen opened fire on a restaurant killing 11 people and wounding 7 others in what police said appeared to be a dispute between rival drug gangs.
    (AP, 4/14/03)
2003        Apr 12, Some 83.8% of voters in Hungary agreed to be part of the historic eastward expansion of the European Union.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 12, Malta held parliamentary elections. PM Eddie Fenech Adami won and said his nation will go ahead with European Union membership.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 12, Mexican army troops manning a roadblock near the Arizona border seized a truck packed with more than four tons of marijuana.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 12, In Nigeria parliamentary elections took place for 469 seats in the House and Senate. 61 million voters were registered. The ruling party led legislative elections, but violence accompanying voting in the oil-rich south left at least two dozen people dead.
    (WSJ, 4/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A8)(AP, 4/14/03)
2003        Apr 12, North Korea hinted it could accept US demands for multilateral talks to discuss the communist country's suspected nuclear weapons program.
    (AP, 4/12/03)

2004        Apr 12, Barry Bonds hit his 660th home run to tie godfather Willie Mays for third on baseball's career list. Bonds hit a towering three-run shot in the fifth inning, sending the San Francisco Giants to a 7-5 win over the visiting Milwaukee Brewers.
    (AP, 4/12/05)
2004        Apr 12, Miss Missouri, Shandi Finnessey, a 25-year-old graduate student who has published a children's book, was crowned Miss USA at the 52nd annual pageant.
    (AP, 4/13/04)
2004        Apr 12, A federal judge allowed a nationwide ban on dietary supplements containing ephedra to take effect, turning aside a plea from two manufacturers.
    (AP, 4/12/05)
2004        Apr 12, A man and woman pleaded guilty in Houston to taking part in a smuggling scheme that resulted in the deaths of 19 illegal immigrants abandoned in a truck trailer.
    (AP, 4/12/05)
2004        Apr 12, DuPont Co., the No. 2 U.S. chemicals maker, said it will cut 3,500 jobs, or 6 percent of its work force, as part of a previously announced plan to reduce costs by $900 million in the face of high raw material prices.
    (Reuters, 4/12/04)
2004        Apr 12. Microsoft reported that it agreed to pay $440 million to settle a broad patent suit with InterTrust. It covered the protection of digital content against unauthorized copying.
    (WSJ, 4/12/04, p.A3)
2004        Apr 12, In Brazil more than 1,000 police stormed into two Rio shantytowns, attempting to halt a violent dispute among drug traffickers that has left at least 10 people dead.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2004        Apr 12, Chechnya rebels killed 10 Russian soldiers, including five whose convoy was shelled while driving through an insurgent stronghold.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2004        Apr 12, In Colombia government soldiers accidentally killed three fellow troops after mistaking them for outlawed paramilitary gunmen near Puerto Gaitan.
    (AP, 4/13/04)
2004        Apr 12, A senior government minister said India will not deploy peacekeeping troops in Iraq without a mandate from the United Nations because the situation there is "not favorable."
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2004        Apr 12, In Lucknow, India, thousands of people crowding into a park for a politician's birthday celebration and to receive free saris stampeded, killing 21 women and children.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2004        Apr 12, Gunfire was largely silenced in the second day of a truce in Fallujah, where Iraqi doctors said 600 people, including many civilians, were killed.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2004        Apr 12, Israeli troops exchanged fire with Palestinian gunmen near an Israeli settlement in the Northern Gaza Strip, killing at least three of the assailants.
    (AP, 4/12/04)
2004        Apr 12, In Mexico Morelos state Gov. Sergio Estrada ordered the firing of all 552 state police officers following charges that commanders provided protection to drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 4/13/04, p.A2)
2004        Apr 12, In Russia a bomb exploded on the roof of a businessman's armored car in Moscow, killing at least four people including the businessman.
    (AP, 4/12/04)

2005        Apr 12, President Bush visited soldiers at Fort Hood, Texas, marking the two-year anniversary of the end of Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2005        Apr 12, Three men with suspected al-Qaida ties, already in British custody, were charged with a years-long plot to attack the New York Stock Exchange and other East Coast financial institutions.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2005        Apr 12, The US Commerce Dept. said the US trade deficit, aggravated by surging imports of oil and textiles, soared to an all-time high of $61.04 billion in February.
    (AP, 4/12/05)
2005        Apr 12, Fifteen traders at the NY Stock Exchange were indicted for trading for their firms’ won accounts at the expense of customers.
    (WSJ, 4/13/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 12, Wal-Mart said it will spend $35 million over 10 years to conserve land equal to the total US footprint of its stores and other facilities.
    (WSJ, 4/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 12, China said it will soon begin “trial sales" of hitherto untraded stocks it holds in publicly traded companies.
    (WSJ, 4/13/05, p.C16)
2005        Apr 12, An EU feasibility study deemed Serbia and Montenegro worthy to start accession talks.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.43)
2005        Apr 12, The Iraqi government said it captured Fadhil Ibrahim Mahmud Al-Mashadani, a former member of Saddam Hussein's regime who was believed to be funding the insurgency. Al-Mashadani was a high-ranking member of Saddam's Baath Party and was "among the main facilitators of many terrorist attacks. Militants ambushed a convoy carrying Iraq's deputy interior minister, killing a bodyguard and wounding the deputy's son and two other people.
    (AP, 4/12/05)
2005        Apr 12, Donors exceeded Sudan's aid requests by pledging $4.5 billion to help it recover from Africa's longest civil war amid criticism of Khartoum for failing to halt atrocities in Darfur.
    (Reuters, 4/12/05)
2005        Apr 12, Zimbabwe's main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) lodged a first court challenge against results from March 31 polls it says were rigged.
    (Reuters, 4/12/05)

2006        Apr 12, The US Treasury Department said "transactions with the Palestinian Authority by US persons are prohibited, unless licensed." It said the decision was based on "existing terrorism sanctions."
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 12, Jurors in the Zacarias Moussaoui trial listened to a recording of terrified shouts and cries in the cockpit as desperate passengers twice charged panicked hijackers during the final half hour of doomed United Flight 93 on Sept. 11.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2006        Apr 12, Police checking on a home in Leola, Pennsylvania, discovered a gruesome scene: the bodies of six people, some wrapped in sheets and blankets in the basement, and blood, bone fragments and a hammer upstairs. Jesse Dee Wise (21) was charged the next day for the murder of 6 relatives.
    (AP, 4/13/06)(SFC, 4/14/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 12, The Indiana Toll Road was leased for $3.8 billion to a Spanish-Australian consortium that is to maintain and run it for 75 years.
    (WSJ, 4/13/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 12, Google Inc. CEO Eric Schmidt defended the search engine's cooperation with Chinese censorship as he announced the creation of a Beijing research center and unveiled a Chinese-language brand name.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, The Rev. William Sloane Coffin (81), a former Yale chaplain known for Vietnam-era peace activism, died in Strafford, Vt.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2006        Apr 12, Walter Clyde Pearson (77), US poker champion, died in Nevada. He won the 1973 World Series of Poker championship and introduced the “freeze-out" style of tournament poker where all players start with the same amount of chips and the winner takes all.
    (SSFC, 4/16/06, p.B7)
2006        Apr 12, Joe Van Holsbeeck (17) was stabbed to death at the Brussels Central train station in a robbery by 2 men for his MP3 player. On August 2 a Polish teen, suspected in the murder, was extradited to Belgium and taken into police custody.
    (AP, 8/2/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Van_Holsbeeck)
2006        Apr 12, In Brazil federal prosecutors charged a former top presidential aide and dozens of others with trying to bribe legislators into supporting Brazil's ruling party.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, Britain and the US called for sanctions against four Sudanese who have blocked peace efforts and violated human rights in the conflict-wracked Darfur region.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, Officials said Canadian and US police have broken up a criminal ring that smuggled dozens of Indian and Pakistani nationals into the US at a cost of up to $35,000 each.
    (Reuters, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, The final leg of Canada's contentious seal hunt moved to the ice floes off northeastern Newfoundland and Labrador, with sealers expected to harvest another 234,000 harp seal pups.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 12-2006 Apr 13, Sudanese Janjaweed militia with local Chadian recruits shot or hacked to death 118 villagers in eastern Chad in a bloody spillover of violence from Sudan's Darfur region.
    (Reuters, 5/25/06)
2006        Apr 12, In southern China thousands of villagers clashed with police over government plans to tear down sluice gates built for irrigation, leaving one woman dead and several people injured.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 12, Authorities said Colombia's biggest right-wing paramilitary group has disbanded as part of an ongoing peace process, but some renegade factions continued to operate.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, Government troops and UN peacekeepers launched a fresh military offensive in Congo's restive east, targeting Rwandan Hutu rebels blamed for attacking civilians at home and in Congo.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, Ecuador's Environment Minister Ana Alban said some 5,000 Ecuadorians illegally residing in the ecologically fragile Galapagos Islands will face deportation to the mainland.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, France's lower house of parliament approved a compromise youth job plan to replace a measure that triggered nationwide protests and plunged the country into crisis.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, An Indian court struck down a controversial order banning dance bars in the financial hub of Mumbai, bringing cheers from champions of the drinking houses.
    (AFP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, Raj Kumar (77), Indian movie star, died in Bangalore.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2006        Apr 12, In Jakarta, Indonesia, some 150 members of the Islamic Defenders' Front, protesting Playboy's decision to launch an Indonesian edition of the magazine, clashed with police and stoned the company's editorial offices.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, Iran’s deputy nuclear chief said the country intends to move toward large-scale uranium enrichment involving 54,000 centrifuges, signaling its resolve to expand a program the international community has insisted it halt.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, In Iraq car and roadside bombings killed 13 people, including three US soldiers, and injured dozens. Gunmen in Baghdad hunted down three different government employees and shot them dead on their way to work. A car bomb exploded as worshippers were leaving a Shiite mosque near Baqouba, killing 26 people and injuring 32 others. The US military in Iraq detained Bilal Hussein (35), an Iraqi citizen and an Associated Press photographer. He was accused of being a security threat but charges were never filed and no public hearing was permitted. 5 months later military officials said Hussein was being held for "imperative reasons of security" under UN resolutions. In the few years since the first shackled Afghan shuffled off to Guantanamo, the US military has created a global network of overseas prisons, its islands of high security keeping 14,000 detainees beyond the reach of established law.
    (AP, 4/12/06)(WSJ, 4/13/06, p.A1)(AP, 9/17/06)
2006        Apr 12, The Israeli army killed to Al Aqsa infiltrators trying to enter from Gaza.
    (WSJ, 4/13/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 12, Italian police arrested three people suspected of aiding Italy's No. 1 fugitive and reputed Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano, who was captured a day earlier.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, In Kyrgyzstan Edil Baisalov, leader of a coalition of civic groups called For Democracy and Civil Society, suffered a gunshot wound in the back of the head when he was leaving his office in the capital, Bishkek. Baisalov has led a campaign against a bid by alleged criminal boss Ryspek Akmatbayev to become a lawmaker.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, Malaysia abandoned plans to build a controversial new bridge to Singapore, saying that the city-state's demand for airspace access in return for its agreement was unacceptable.
    (AFP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, Two people were killed in a grenade attack on a restaurant and a shop owner was gunned down as violence shook towns on Mexico's resort-studded Pacific coast.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 12, In southern Nepal police shot and killed an anti-government protester as authorities foiled pro-democracy activists' plans to hold a mass rally in the heart of Katmandu and detained dozens of demonstrators.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, In Karachi, Pakistan, mobs of youths rioted for a second straight day to protest a suicide bombing that killed at least 56 people, which a top Pakistani official said was aimed at "eliminating" the leadership of a moderate Sunni Muslim group.
    (AP, 4/12/06)
2006        Apr 12, Pakistani army helicopters struck a militant hideout in northwestern Pakistan in an attempt to kill a wanted senior al-Qaida operative. Seven suspected militants and two children were believed killed. Mohsin Musa Matawalli Atwah (45), an Egyptian and al-Qaida member wanted for his suspected role in the bombings of US embassies in East Africa, was killed.
    (AP, 4/13/06)(SFC, 4/14/06, p.A15)
2006        Apr 12, In northeastern Sri Lanka 2 explosions in a market killed 17 people in the town of Trincomalee and cast a cloud over upcoming peace talks.
    (AP, 4/13/06)(AFP, 4/29/06)

2007        Apr 12, The new US “forever" postage stamp was scheduled to go on sale. The cost for first class mail was set to rise to 41 cents on May 14.
    (SFC, 4/11/07, p.A3)
2007        Apr 12, World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz acknowledged that he erred in helping a close female friend get transferred to a high-paying job. "I made a mistake for which I am sorry," he said.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, CBS fired Don Imus from his radio program for insulting the Rutgers women's basketball team on the air. In the evening, Imus met with team members at the New Jersey governor's mansion in Princeton.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2007        Apr 12, New Jersey Gov. Jon S. Corzine was involved in an SUV crash as he headed to a meeting between radio show host Don Imus and the Rutgers women's basketball team. The crash occurred when the SUV, driven by a state trooper, was hit by another vehicle that swerved to avoid the pickup truck. Corzine was not wearing his seat belt, as required by law, and the crash left him with such serious injuries that he required a ventilator.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 12, In NYC transit officials and politicians broke ground on the Second Avenue line in East Harlem.
    (Econ, 4/21/07, p.34)(www.mta.info/mta/news/releases07/index.html?en=070412)
2007        Apr 12, Muzak announced plans to merge with rival DMX. The company was moving in the direction of sensory branding and identifying songs that suit particular companies.
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.74)
2007        Apr 12, A study said scientists have decoded the genome sequence of rhesus monkeys proving they share 93% of man's genetic make-up.
    (AFP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 12, Kelsie B. Harder, onomastician (a student of names and their origins), died in Potsdam, NY. His books included “Illustrated Dictionary of Place Names" (1976),
    (SSFC, 4/22/07, p.B6)
2007        Apr 12, In southern Afghanistan a US-led coalition and Afghan troops backed by aircraft clashed with suspected Taliban fighters, leaving more than 35 militants dead. Roadside bombs struck two NATO convoys in the east, killing two soldiers. US and Afghan troops rescued five civilian contractors pinned down by small arms fire from insurgents in central Afghanistan after their helicopter made an emergency landing. A coalition aircraft attacked the militants, killing three. The contractors were evacuated to a nearby coalition base.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 12, Brazilian police broke up a gang accused of killing hundreds of people over several years, arresting 18 suspects and searching for 10 others. The gang, made up of police officers, hired guns and businessmen, had carried out up to 200 killings a year over the past five years, most of them linked to loan sharking.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, In London the Beatles' Apple Corps company settled a royalties dispute with record label EMI, raising hopes that Beatles recordings may soon be legally available online.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, Tens of thousands of people marched through the streets of Cali to protest the bombing of the city's police barracks, blamed on Colombia's largest leftist rebel group.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 12, Tens of thousands of people marched through the streets of Cali to protest the bombing of the city's police barracks, blamed on Colombia's largest leftist rebel group.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 12, India test-fired a new missile capable of carrying nuclear warheads with a 1,900-mile range. Indonesia said the missile forced 2 of its jetliners off course.
    (AP, 4/12/07)(WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 12, A suicide bomber blew himself up in the Iraqi parliament's cafeteria in the deadliest-ever attack in the American-guarded Green Zone. Mohammed Awad, a moderate Sunni lawmaker, was killed in the attack and 22 were wounded. The next day an insurgent umbrella group that includes al-Qaida in Iraq claimed one of its "knights" carried out the parliament suicide bombing. 11 civilians were killed in a bombing of Baghdad’s al-Sarafiya bridge. 7 were killed by a powerful suicide truck bomb, and 4 perished when their cars plummeted into the river. The bodies of radio newscaster and her husband were found in Mosul, three days after being kidnapped by gunmen.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 12, Toyota named the first non-Japanese to its board of directors, appointing American James Press, the automaker's president of North American operations, amid growing fears of a political backlash for its booming US sales.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, Mexican President Felipe Calderon signed a law eliminating prison sentences for libel or defamation, drawing praise from media watchdog groups.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, Morocco’s police detained two men near the scene of three suicide bombings in Casablanca, and a police official said one was carrying explosives.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, An international conservation group tens of thousands of villagers could be displaced and a fragile ecosystem destroyed by a hydropower project being built on northeastern Myanmar's Salween River.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, A Norwegian oil rig support vessel carrying 15 people capsized off northern Scotland and five crew members were missing.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 12, Pakistan’s President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said that tribesmen have killed about 300 foreign militants during a weekslong offensive near the Afghan border and acknowledged for first time that they received military support. Gunfights erupted again in villages near the Afghan border where clashes between Sunni and Shiite Muslims have killed at least 49 people over the past week.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, Polish officials said Google plans to open an operations center in Wroclaw later this year, creating 200 new jobs and boosting the city's efforts to become a technology hub.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, Russian authorities said they have halted the work of all foreign adoption agencies for several months, virtually shutting down the placement of children from one of the most important countries for US families seeking to adopt.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, The Swiss-based Nestle SA, the world's biggest food and drink company, said it will buy Gerber Products Co. from pharmaceutical maker Novartis SA for $5.5 billion, giving it the largest share of the global baby food market.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, A Syrian-American businessman with ties to the Damascus government made an unprecedented appearance before an Israeli parliamentary panel, telling lawmakers that Syrian President Bashar Assad is ready to make peace with the Jewish state.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 12, Thailand police said the king has pardoned a Swiss man who was given a 10-year sentence for spray-painting over images of the revered monarch, but the longtime Thailand resident has been ordered to leave the country.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, Turkey's army chief said the military had launched several "large scale" offensives against rebels in the predominantly Kurdish southeast, and he asked the government for approval to launch an incursion into neighboring northern Iraq.
    (AP, 4/12/07)
2007        Apr 12, In Uganda protesters stoned to death two people of Asian origin during a demonstration against a Ugandan-Indian company that wants to grow sugar cane in this country's largest natural forest. Two others were also killed in the rioting.
    (AP, 4/12/07)(WSJ, 4/13/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 12, Zimbabwe opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai expressed optimism about planned talks between his party and President Robert Mugabe's government to end the crisis in the country.
    (AFP, 4/12/07)

2008        Apr 12, Jerry Zucker (58), Israeli-born American businessman and chief executive of Hudson's Bay Co., died of cancer. Zucker's wife Anita Zucker became governor of HBC, Canada’s largest retailer, making her the first woman to hold that position in the company's 338-year history.
    (Reuters, 4/13/08)(WSJ, 4/19/08, p.A9)
2008        Apr 12, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked an Indian road construction crew in the southwestern Nimroz province, killing two people, including an Indian engineer. Eight other people, including five Indian workers and two civilians, were wounded in the blast. Militants killed four eradication police in Kandahar’s Maiwand district.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 12, About 20,000 workers rioted over high food prices and low wages close to the Bangladesh capital Dhaka, amid spreading global unrest over soaring grocery costs.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, A unit of Canada’s national police boarded and seized the Farley Mowat, a Dutch registered yacht belonging to the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society. The ship was used to protest Canada’s annual seal hunt.
    (Econ, 4/19/08, p.48)
2008        Apr 12, Chinese President Hu Jintao defended the crackdown on protests in Tibet and denied the disturbances were linked to human rights in his first public comments on the incident.
    (AFP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, In Ecuador 5 young British women were killed in a bus crash while the 15 other people on board were injured.
    (AFP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 12, Haiti’s President Rene Preval announced a drop in the price of rice in a bid to defuse anger of rising food prices that fueled days of deadly protests and looting. Haitian lawmakers dismissed PM Jacques Edouard Alexi, hoping to defuse widespread anger over rising food prices.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, In Iran an explosion killed 14 people inside a mosque in the southern city of Shiraz. A Police official said a homemade bomb caused the explosion. The next day Abbas Mohtaj, deputy interior minister in charge of security, said the explosion was "the result of an accident." In May a report by the official news agency IRNA again said the explosion was no accident, and those responsible had ties to the West. In November Iran's Revolutionary Court convicted three men of involvement in an explosion and sentenced them to death.
    (AP, 4/13/08)(SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A7)(SFC, 4/14/08, p.A13)(AP, 5/8/08)(AP, 11/29/08)
2008        Apr 12, Shiite militants fought US and Iraqi forces around Baghdad's Shiite district of Sadr City despite a call for calm by anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr following the assassination of one of his top aides. At least 13 Shiite militants died in the clashes, which erupted the previous evening and tapered. Iraqi soldiers acting on tips from detained Shiite militiamen found 14 bodies that had been buried in a field south of Baghdad. The bodies were found after members of al-Sadr's Mahdi Army militia were detained and confessed to killing and burying dozens of Sunnis as well as some Shiites killed for criminal purposes. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A5)
2008        Apr 12, Macedonia's lawmakers voted to dissolve parliament and hold early elections, following a dispute with neighboring Greece that halted the Balkan nation's bid to join NATO.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, It was reported that an international team of scientists had completed an inventory of life on Madagascar, one of Earth’s largest and most diverse islands.
    (SFC, 4/12/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 12, Election officials said Nepal's communist former rebels have won control in 11 of the 21 constituencies where vote counting has been completed in the election for an assembly to write a new constitution.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, King Harald V opened Norway's $840 million national opera house on the shores of the Oslo Fjord, kicking off a gala performance. The parliament's decision to approve construction and funding of a national opera house belatedly confirmed an overly optimistic 1881 report in an Oslo newspaper that the capital was about to get a new opera house.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 12, Spain's re-elected PM Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero was sworn in for his second term. He announced a government which for the first time included more women than men and a female defense minister.
    (AFP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, In Sudan the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) clashed with Sudanese armed forces in West Darfur near the Sudan-Chad border. Both sides claimed they had inflicted heavy casualties.
    (Reuters, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 12, Taiwan's vice president-elect said he and Chinese President Hu Jintao held "candid and harmonious" talks in the highest-level contact ever between the sides, and they had brought results.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, Thousands of secularist Turks rallied in Ankara against the ruling AK Party, which is facing a high court challenge by a prosecutor who wants it shut down for alleged Islamist activities.
    (AP, 4/12/08)
2008        Apr 12, Investigators in Turkey found the body of Giuseppina Pasqualino di Marineo (33), an Italian artist known as Pippa Bacca. She was last seen on March 31 hitchhiking in a wedding gown. She was on her way to Israel in a plea for peace. Police detained a man suspected of killing her. In June, 2009, Murat Karatas was sentenced to life in prison for her rape and murder.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A4)
2008        Apr 12, African leaders hoped to find a resolution to Zimbabwe's deepening political crisis at an emergency summit in Zambia, but state media reported that President Robert Mugabe would not attend the "unnecessary" meeting. The Electoral Commission said it would conduct a full recount of the presidential and parliamentary ballots cast in 23 constituencies, all but one of them won by the opposition.
    (AP, 4/12/08)(AP, 4/13/08)

2009        Apr 12, US Navy SEAL snipers on a destroyer shot and killed three Somali pirates and plucked an unharmed Capt. Richard Phillips to safety. A fourth pirate surrendered. His rescue sparked concern for other hostages and fears that the stakes have been raised for future hijackings in the Indian Ocean shipping lane.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 12, The Pritzker jury named Peter Zumthor (65), a Swiss architect, as the 2009 winner of the Pritzker Architecture Prize.
    (AFP, 4/12/09)(SFC, 4/13/09, p.A7)
2009        Apr 12, In Florida a power boat packed with 12 people slammed into a docked tug boat, killing five occupants of the pleasure craft and seriously injuring seven on the Intracoastal Waterway in St. Johns County.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 12, In New Hampshire a massive fire destroyed or damaged about 40 summer cottages at the 146-year-old Alton Bay Christian Conference Center.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 12, In Texas 2 firefighters were killed while battling a house fire in Houston.
    (SFC, 4/13/09, p.A4)
2009        Apr 12, Marilyn Chambers (born in 1952 as Marilyn Ann Briggs), adult film star, was found dead at her home in the Los Angeles suburb of Canyon Country. The pretty Ivory Snow girl helped bring hard-core adult films into the mainstream consciousness when she starred in the explicit movie "Behind the Green Door" (1972).
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 12, In Kandahar, Afghanistan, Taliban gunmen on motorbikes gunned down, female legislator Sitara Achikzai.
    (AFP, 4/12/09)
2009        Apr 12, In Bahrain a pardon by King Sheik Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa led to the release of 178 people imprisoned on security-related charges. Among them were 22 Shiite activists who have been on trial since February on charges of seeking to destabilize the government and promote regime change through terrorism.
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 12, In Bangladesh security officials arrested eight suspected militants of a banned Islamic group after raiding a house in Dhaka.
    (AP, 4/12/09)
2009        Apr 12, Sir John Maddox (b.1925), former editor of the British journal Nature, died.
    (Econ, 4/25/09, p.83)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Maddox)
2009        Apr 12, China announced a $10 billion infrastructure fund and $15 billion in credits and loans to help its Southeast Asian neighbors face the global financial crises.
    (WSJ, 4/13/09, p.A9)
2009        Apr 12, In the Central African Republic at least 22 people died as cattle farmers and traders clashed over stolen oxen with guns, blades and arrows. Fighting was sparked by a dispute over 170 oxen stolen by bandits 10 days earlier but later retrieved.
    (AFP, 4/12/09)(AFP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 12, In Colombia a caravan of some 500 motorcycles completed a three-week ride dedicated to hostages held by FARC rebels, but fell short of securing the release of captives. At least 22 Colombian soldiers and police were held by the FARC as political bargaining chips.
    (AP, 4/12/09)
2009        Apr 12, In Iraq a roadside bomb killed a US soldier north of Baghdad. A second roadside bombing struck two cars carrying Iraqis in the Jisr Diyala area, about 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Baghdad. Nine people were wounded in the explosion, including two women and a teenage boy.
    (AP, 4/12/09)
2009        Apr 12, Israel's new PM Netanyahu spoke to the Palestinian Pres. Abbas on Easter for the first time since taking office, telling him that he seeks close cooperation to drive peace efforts forward.
    (AP, 4/12/09)
2009        Apr 12, Jordanian authorities said a man has confessed to stabbing to death his pregnant sister (28) and mutilating her body to protect the family honor. The incident, the ninth such case this year and the second this month, took place in the village of Basira, in the conservative Bedouin heartland of southern Jordan.
    (AP, 4/12/09)
2009        Apr 12, Malaysian police rushed to a robbery scene only to find the suspects were fellow officers. 3 men of a special elite police unit were allegedly caught robbing five men at a house. One of the officers was armed with a pistol.
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 12, In Nigeria fire broke out on the Trans-Niger Pipeline. All the feeder flowstations outside Ogoniland (in Rivers State) adjoining it were shut down to allow for repairs.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 12, In northwestern Pakistan about 150 militants armed with rockets and automatic weapons attacked a transport terminal that lies along a key supply route used by US and NATO troops, wounding three guards and torching eight cement trucks.
    (AP, 4/12/09)
2009        Apr 12, In Puerto Rico Army Spc. Nokware Rosado Munoz (28) had been arguing with his pregnant wife about his upcoming redeployment to Iraq before hanging himself.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 12, Sri Lanka's president ordered government troops to halt their offensive against cornered Tamil rebels for two days to give tens of thousands of civilians a chance to escape the fighting.
    (AFP, 4/12/09)
2009        Apr 12, Thailand's ousted PM Shinawatra, called for a revolution after rioting erupted in the capital, with protesters commandeering public buses and swarming triumphantly over military vehicles in unchecked defiance after the government declared a state of emergency.
    (AP, 4/12/09)
2009        Apr 12, Zimbabwe set up a parliamentary team to spearhead the writing of a new constitution which Pres. Mugabe's opponents say will be key to holding free and fair elections. A state newspaper reported that Zimbabwe will not use its own local currency for at least a year, while it tries to repair an economy which critics say was destroyed by President Mugabe.
    (Reuters, 4/12/09)

2010        Apr 12, President Barack Obama and presidents, prime ministers and other top officials from 47 countries started work on a battle plan to keep nuclear weapons out of terrorist hands. Egypt called for world powers to press both Iran and Israel on nuclear weapons, saying that the Middle East should be a zone free of the ultra-destructive arms. China said sanctions were not the answer to the Iranian atomic standoff. Iran's envoy to the UN nuclear watchdog spurned the US nuclear summit, saying any decision taken at the conference is not binding on nations absent from the event.
    (AP, 4/12/10)(AFP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 12, The United States and Brazil signed an agreement meant to bolster military ties, but Brazil's Defense Minister Nelson Jobim did not offer any hint about a key defense contract sought by U.S.-based Boeing Co.
    (Reuters, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, Winners of the Pulitzer Prize were announced. Liaquat Ahamed won the history category for his book “Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the World" (2009).
    (SFC, 4/13/10, p.A8)
2010        Apr 12, In Afghanistan international troops opened fire on a bus carrying Afghan civilians in Kandahar province, killing four people, setting off anti-American protests in a key southern city where coalition forces hoped to rally the public for a coming offensive against the Taliban. In Kandahar city, 3 suicide bombers attacked an Afghan intelligence services compound, but security forces repelled them. Roadside bombs killed four policemen and two Afghan soldiers in Faryab province's Ghormach district. 3 women died when mortars fired by suspected insurgents hit their homes in Kapisa province. 2 people were wounded when their tractor ran over a mine in the far southwestern province of Nimroz.
    (AP, 4/12/10)(AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 12, In Argentina Luis Caicedo Velandia was arrested as he walked near a Buenos Aires shopping mall and placed under extremely high security. the suspected Colombian drug trafficker, who operated under the radar for years in Argentina, was later described as a ringleader capable of giving direct orders to Colombia's most-wanted cocaine kingpins and with close ties to Mexico's feared Sinaloa cartel.
    (AP, 6/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, In Brazil rancher Vitalmiro Moura, accused of ordering the 2005 murder of US nun and Amazon defender Dorothy Stang, was found guilty and sentenced to 30 years in prison. Moura was previously convicted of Stang's murder and then acquitted in an automatic retrial. That decision was overturned last year on a technicality.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 12, In Brazil the threat of new mudslides forced officials to begin evicting 2,600 families from at-risk areas as they embarked on a slum demolition program on Rio de Janeiro's hills.
    (AP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, A British scientific expedition said it has discovered the world's deepest known underwater volcanic vent off the Cayman Islands.
    (AP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, Canadian PM Stephen Harper said Canada will return spent nuclear fuel to its supplier, the United States, as part of a global drive to secure fissile materials.
    (Reuters, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, China eased requirements for companies to qualify for government purchasing of technology after a plan to favor domestic technology was met with heavy criticism from other countries and business groups.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 12, A mentally ill Chinese man rampaged with a meat cleaver near an elementary school, hacking to death a second grader and an elderly woman. Five others were wounded in the second random attack on schoolchildren in China in three weeks. Yang Jiaqin (40) chased his victims through Xizhen village of the southern Guangxi region not long after classes ended.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 12, An Egyptian activist said Mohammed ElBaradei, emerging opposition leader and former head of the UN's nuclear watchdog agency, has called for a boycott of the upcoming elections. ElBaradei has turned his focus to promoting electoral reforms and constitutional amendments that would allow a credible rival candidate to run in next year's presidential election.
    (AP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, Neofonie, the German maker of a new tablet PC, the WePad, was reportedly setting out to rival Apple's iPad with the promise of even more technology such as a bigger screen, a webcam and USB ports. When it hits stores starting late July, it will also boast a complete open source office package.
    (AP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, In Guatemala Noe Vasquez, the chief of the anti-drug office in the Peten region, was arrested along with 2 other police agents for allegedly passing information to Mexico's Zetas drug gang.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 12, Indonesian police raided a home used by suspected terrorists in the far western province of Aceh, fatally shooting Enal Tao (38), allegedly involved in the beheadings of 3 Christian girls. Two other suspects were arrested at the house in Cot Irie village on the outskirts of Banda Aceh.
    (AP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew up a car in Mosul killing a policeman and a civilian, as two soldiers were killed near Baghdad.
    (AFP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, In northern Italy a landslide threw a passenger train from its tracks near the border with Austria, killing nine people and injuring 28. A large irrigation pipe burst at a higher elevation as the 2-car train passed below.
    (AFP, 4/12/10)(SFC, 4/13/10, p.A2)
2010        Apr 12, Mexican and US officials said 3 Mexican cartels have joined forces to destroy the Zetas gang of hit men that has grown into a feared drug trafficking outfit with reach into Central America. Police found the body of a man whose face had been skinned in Cuernavaca. In nearby Temixco, a man and his pregnant wife were killed by gunmen who left a threatening message.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 12, Northern Ireland's Catholic and Protestant lawmakers appointed David Ford their first justice minister, a power-sharing landmark that IRA dissidents protested by bombing the local base of Britain's spy agency MI5.
    (AP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, In Pakistan dozens of militants armed with rockets and automatic weapons attacked two security checkpoints in the villages of Shireen Dara and Sangrana. Security forces successfully repelled the attack, but two soldiers were killed and three others wounded. After the battles subsided, authorities found the bodies of 15 dead militants around the two checkpoints. Intelligence officials said insurgents removed the bodies of at least 26 others who were killed. 13 civilians were reportedly killed in a US missile strike elsewhere in North Waziristan. Pakistan intelligence officials said the missile attack close to the town of Miran Shah killed four suspected militants.
    (AP, 4/12/10)(AP, 4/13/10)    
2010        Apr 12, In Russia Eduard Chuvashov, a judge of Moscow's City Court, was found shot to death in the stairwell of his apartment building. He was the judge in several high-profile cases, including the February sentencing of 9 skinhead gang members who killed 6 non-Slavs.
    (AP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, Observers urged Sudan to extend voting in its first open elections in 24 years after thousands of ballots were cast incorrectly and polling faced serious delays in many areas of Africa's largest country.
    (Reuters, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, A Swiss court rejected Hannibal Gadhafi's demand for 100,000 Swiss francs ($94,500) in reparations for the publication of a police mug shot from his 2008 arrest in Geneva. Gadhafi was arrested in 2008 for allegedly beating up his servants in a luxury hotel. He was later released and charges were dropped.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 12, Thailand's Election Commission ruled that the ruling party be dissolved for alleged misuse of poll donations, in a potential victory for anti-government protesters who paraded slain comrades through Bangkok to press the prime minister to resign.
    (AP, 4/12/10)
2010        Apr 12, The Vatican responded to allegations it long concealed clerical sex abuse by making it clear for the first time that bishops and clerics worldwide should report such crimes to police if they are required to by law.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 12, In Venezuela knife-wielding prison inmates killed seven other prisoners and wounded 10 guards during an outbreak of violence at the Santa Ana Prison.
    (AP, 4/12/10)

2011        Apr 12, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed legislation requiring the state’s utilities to get 33% of its electricity from renewable sources by the end of 2020.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.D1)
2011        Apr 12, In New York Lashanda Armstrong drove 3 of her 4 children into the Hudson River in Newburgh following a domestic dispute. Her 10-year-old son survived by crawling out her car window.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.A10)(SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 12, Ohio executed a two-time murderer using pentobarbital as a stand-alone execution drug. Clarence Carter (49) was the 2nd inmate in the country executed with the surgical sedative.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 12, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five road construction workers who were in a car driving near the Pakistani border. A roadside bomb killed two Afghan police officers as they were destroying opium poppies in Kandahar province. 3 children died from an insurgent grenade tossed during a NATO operation in northern Faryab province.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, In Bahrain Zainab al-Khawaja (27), the daughter of Abdulhadi al-Khawaja (50), a prominent human rights activist, went on hunger strike to protest the arrest of several family members, including her father and her husband, over anti-government demonstrations. At least 29 people have been killed since the protests began on Feb. 14. Detainee Karim Fakhrawy of "Al Wasat" died under police custody.
    (AP, 4/12/11)(http://tinyurl.com/7pr4qbw)
2011        Apr 12, In Bangladesh a ban went into effect forbidding teachers from bringing their phones into class. A ban on student cell phones in class rooms was already in effect.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, In southwestern China clashes erupted between security forces and locals at the Kirti Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Sichuan province, under lockdown after a monk set himself on fire and died on March 17.
    (AFP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 12, Egypt’s former Pres. Mubarek was hospitalized after suffering an alleged heart attack. State media indicated the hospital visit may have been a ploy to escape legal problems.
    (SFC, 4/13/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 12, In Iraq bombings in a town west of Baghdad killed five people, including three family members of Ahmed Jassim, a former pro-government Sunni fighter.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, In Israel followers of the Bahai faith unveiled their newly renovated holy site on the Israeli coast, drawing attention to one of the Holy Land's lesser-known religions.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, Ivory Coast's internationally recognized president, Alassane Ouattara, called for peace after his rival was arrested with the help of French forces. He faced a huge task reuniting a country shattered by civil war. Gbagbo's interior minister, Desire Tagro, died after being badly beaten by fighters who captured him a day earlier along with Gbagbo.
    (Reuters, 4/12/11)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 12, Japan raised the crisis level at its crippled nuclear plant to a severity on par with the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, citing high overall radiation leaks that have contaminated the air, tap water, vegetables and seawater. Japanese nuclear regulators said they raised the rating from 5 to 7, the highest level on an international scale of nuclear accidents.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, In Japan a powerful 6.0 earthquake struck near the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant, shaking buildings in Tokyo. No tsunami warning was issued and no damage immediately reported.
    (AFP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, In Libya Moammar Gadhafi's forces shelled the only major city in the western half that remained under partial rebel control. France said NATO should be doing more to take out heavy weaponry targeting civilians. NATO knocked out 16 Qaddafi tanks.
    (AP, 4/12/11)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.53)
2011        Apr 12, Four Palestinians suffocated while trying to repair a Gaza smuggling tunnel hit in an Israeli airstrike last week. Human rights groups say about 160 workers have been killed in the tunnels over the past three years.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 12, Swaziland police fired water cannons and tear gas, beat people with batons and arrested activists to prevent pro-democracy protests in sub-Saharan Africa's last absolute monarchy.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, Syrian pro-government gunmen launched an attack on two villages, Bayda and Beit Jnad, in the northeast.
    (AP, 4/12/11)
2011        Apr 12, Uruguay's senate annulled an amnesty for crimes against humanity committed during the 1973-85 dictatorship, overturning the view of voters who upheld the law in two referendums. The measure passed 16-15 after a 12-hour debate and went to the lower house for minor changes.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 12, In Yemen tens of thousands demonstrated in major cities across the country rejecting a mediation proposal by neighboring Gulf countries because it does not provide for trying the president. Four policemen died as the security forces traded fire with automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades.
    (AP, 4/12/11)(AP, 4/13/11)

2012        Apr 12, In California a large thunder storm dropped a record 1.24 inches of rain in San Francisco. The previous record was .92 inches on April 12, 2003.
    (SFC, 4/14/12, p.C3)
2012        Apr 12, Florida executed serial killer David Alan Gore (58). He had spent 28 years on Death Row for killing 6 women in 1981 and 1983.
    (SFC, 4/13/12, p.A6)
2012        Apr 12, New Jersey’s Newark Mayor Cory Booker (42) entered the burning house his neighbor and rescued her daughter, Zina Hodge (47). Booker suffered 2nd degree burns and smoke inhalation.
    (SFC, 4/14/12, p.A6)
2012        Apr 12, Ohio police shot and killed an armed man at a crowded Cracker Barrel restaurant where a woman and a girl had been killed and another person was wounded, sending customers fleeing out the back door in Brooklyn.
    (AP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 12, In southern Afghanistan angry residents in Helmand province chopped off the ears of a man accused of planting a roadside bomb that killed two civilians.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, Brazil's supreme court voted 8-2 to authorize abortions in cases of fetuses with no brains.
    (AP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, China deployed a third ship in an area of the disputed South China Sea where a tense standoff with Philippine vessels has dragged on, sparking alarm in Manila. On April 10 a Philippine warship attempted to arrest several Chinese fishermen accused of illegal entry and poaching, but was prevented by the arrival of two Chinese surveillance ships.
    (AP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, China’s state media said 42 websites have been closed and more than 210,000 posts deleted since mid-March in a crackdown on online "rumors", as a major political scandal rocked the country.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, Egypt’s Islamist-dominated parliament passed a new bill stripping senior Mubarak regime figures, such as ex-spy chief Omar Suleiman, from the right to run for office for the next 10 years. The ruling military council must ratify the bill before it can go into effect.
    (AP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 12, Guinea-Bissau soldiers arrested PM Carlos Gomes Jr., hours after the leader's home was attacked with grenades in what former colonial ruler Portugal described as a military coup. Gomes had been favored to win the April 29 runoff after his challenger Kumba Yala, a former president who was overthrown in a 2003 coup, said he would boycott the vote because of irregularities in the first round of balloting. President Raimundo Pereira was also arrested.
    (AP, 4/13/12)(AFP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 12, In Iraq Hamed Yussef Hamadi (72), the culture minister under Saddam Hussein, was released after over six years in prison and left the country. Hamadi was arrested on January 24, 2006.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 12, Japan’s Sony Corp. said it will slash 10,000 jobs, or about 6 percent of its global workforce, and try to turn around its money-losing TV business over the next two years.
    (AP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, In Japan 8 people died when an apparently epileptic driver crashed his minivan into a crowd of pedestrians in the temple-spotted ancient capital of Kyoto.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, Mali's new interim leader, Dioncounda Traore (70), threatened to wage total war on Tuareg rebels and Islamists controlling the north of the country as he took the oath of office, ending a brief period of military rule.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, A strong 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Mexico, waking up residents living near the Gulf of California, only hours after a separate temblor swayed tall buildings in Mexico City, causing evacuations.
    (AP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, Pakistan released 26 Indian fishermen held in prison for more than two years for violating territorial waters. Officials said at least 450 Indian fishermen are still in Pakistani jails, while India has over 150 Pakistani fishermen in its prisons.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, The South African anti-trust tribunal said it has approved a $5.1-billion deal by Anglo American to buy 40 percent of De Beers, allowing it to take control of the world's largest diamond firm. The deal was announced late last year and was formally approved by Anglo shareholders in January.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, South Korea's ruling conservatives won a parliamentary poll fought mostly on economic issues, with analysts saying voters opted for stability ahead of a presidential election in December.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, South Sudan's President Salva Kiir rejected calls to pull out from contested border regions, but said he did not want war with Khartoum. Sudanese war planes dropped five bombs at dawn targeting a strategic bridge on the edge of Bentiu, the capital of the oil-producing Unity border state.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, Swazi police arrested union leaders as a crackdown on banned pro-democracy protests intensified, with armed patrols in urban areas to disperse any gatherings in Africa's last absolute monarchy.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, In Syria a fragile cease-fire brokered by the UN took hold with regime forces apparently halting widespread attacks on the opposition. Renewed bloodshed killed at least four people, putting to the test a hard-won ceasefire plan that was supposed to take effect at dawn.
    (AP, 4/12/12)(AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, Tunisian journalists walked out of the country's Constituent Assembly as Interior Minister Ali Larayedh defended a police crackdown, widely branded as brutal, on a banned rally.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, Turkish prosecutors ordered the arrest of dozens of former military officers, including four retired generals, over their role in forcing the resignation in 1997 of an Islamist PM Necmettin Erbakan.
    (AP, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 12, In Yemen a battle between Al-Qaeda militants and armed civilians for control of the Yemeni town of Loder (Lawder) spread to nearby Mudia, as the death toll from four days of clashes reached 177.
    (AFP, 4/12/12)

2013        Apr 12, The United States announced sanctions for 18 Russians under the Magnitsky Law, named for Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky, who was arrested in 2008 for tax evasion after accusing Russian police officials of stealing $230 million in tax rebates.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 12, In Fairfield, Connecticut, armed men stole over $4 million in jewelry from a store after kidnapping the store manager and another employee to gain access. The victims were unharmed.
    (SFC, 4/13/13, p.A6)
2013        Apr 12, In Afghanistan Taliban militants stormed an Afghan army outpost in Kunar province, killing 13 soldiers in an area that is a major infiltration route for insurgents crossing the mountainous border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. One soldier remained missing.
    (AP, 4/12/13)(SFC, 4/13/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 12, In Bahrain thousands of anti-government demonstrators joined a march that included breakaway protests against the scheduled Formula One race later this month.
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 12, European Union finance ministers said they've agreed to extend the repayment of emergency loans to Ireland and Portugal for a further seven years, easing the pressure on both countries to exit their bailout programs and resume normal borrowing.
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 12, The French Senate voted to legalize same-sex marriage, putting a landmark bill on track to become law by summer.
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 12, In France a contested auction of dozens of Native American tribal masks went ahead following a Paris court ruling, in spite of appeals for a delay by the Hopi tribe, its supporters including actor Robert Redford, and the US government.
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 12, German prosecutors filed corruption charges against former President Christian Wulff over alleged favors that prompted his resignation. It was the first time a former German president faced charges in court.
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 12, In Iraq a pair of bombs struck in quick succession outside a Sunni mosque north of Baghdad, killing at least 11 people and wounding more than 30. Minutes after the Kanaan attack, a bomb exploded near a Shiite mosque in western Baghdad, wounding eight.
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 12, Israel troops shelled a position on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights from which they received fire.
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 12, In northern Mali a suicide bombing by members of an al-Qaida branch in North Africa killed at least three soldiers from Chad. Two suicide bombers were killed in the operation, and many civilians were injured in the attack.
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 12, In Russia Anti-Drugs Special Forces, widely known by their Russian acronym, MAS, issued a low-key statement on vk.com saying that it has halted drug raids. MAS was formed last year to track down spice pushers. Spice in over 900 versions, mass produced in China and Southeast Asia, was reportedly being exported to Russia as bath salts, incense and slimming additives, often in mail packages.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 12, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir traveled to South Sudan for the first time since the south peacefully broke away from Sudan in 2011. The two presidents agreed to the free movement of people and goods across the border.
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 12, The Small Arms Survey, an independent Swiss research group, said Sudan has supplied weapons and ammunition to rebels fighting neighboring South Sudan's government.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 12, Syrian forces battled rebels in the central province of Homs near the border with Lebanon as part of a counteroffensive aimed at regaining control of territory around the country. Syrian warplanes carried out airstrikes around the country.
    (AP, 4/12/13)
2013        Apr 12, In Tunisia a mob of alleged religious conservative Salafis attacked a police station and clashed with security forces, leaving one person dead and two wounded in the coastal town of Hergla.
    (AP, 4/12/13)

2014        Apr 12, The 188-nation IMF concluded weekend meeting in Washington, DC, with pledges to work for faster growth to alleviate unemployment.
    (SSFC, 4/13/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 12, US officials ended a stand-off with hundreds of armed protesters in the Nevada desert, calling off the government's roundup of cattle it said were illegally grazing on federal land and giving about 300 animals back to the rancher who owned them.
    (Reuters, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 12, In Algeria a man was killed in the southern town of Ghardaia, the second fatality in less than 24 hours of ethnic violence between Berbers and Arabs in the region. Ghardaia has been the scene of violence since December when fighting erupted between Berbers and Arabs, known as Chaambas.
    (AFP, 4/12/14)
2014        Apr 12, In Chile a fire began raging in the port city of Valparaiso. At least 15 people were killed and 2,900 homes destroyed. Thousands were evacuated, including more than 200 female inmates at a prison.
    (AP, 4/13/14)(SFC, 4/16/14, p.A4)
2014        Apr 12, In China’s Xinjiang region Abdubasit Ablimit (17) was shot after he reportedly tried twice to seize weapons from police at a checkpoint in Aksu prefecture. He died of his wounds the next day. Another account that circulated after said Ablimit was killed after running a red light in an apparent attempt to avoid paying a fine.
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 12, France's foreign minister arrived in Cuba for a brief but historic visit, the first by such a high-ranking French official in 30 years and a sign of the quickening pace of improving ties between the European Union and Havana.
    (Reuters, 4/12/14)
2014        Apr 12, In India suspected Maoist rebels set off two bombs in the eastern state of Chhattisgarh, killing 14 people, most of them paramilitary soldiers and officials charged with holding elections in the region.
    (Reuters, 4/12/14)(SSFC, 4/13/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 12, Iran rejected a US decision to deny a visa for its newly appointed ambassador to the United Nations, pledging to take up the case directly with the world body in a dispute that has reopened old wounds dating to the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
    (Reuters, 4/12/14)
2014        Apr 12, Kuwait's opposition called for broad democratic reforms including a Western-style party system to limit the powers of the emirate's ruling family.
    (AFP, 4/12/14)
2014        Apr 12, Police in Lebanon arrested Marcello Dell’Utri, the man who created Forze Italia! in the 1990s. He had disappeared in the face of a 7-year sentence for aiding and abetting mobsters.
    (Econ, 4/19/14, p.47)
2014        Apr 12, In Myanmar a passenger bus collided with a car and burst into flames along a highway, killing 12 passengers and injuring five others.
    (AP, 4/12/14)
2014        Apr 12, In Pakistan gunmen seized some 100 tribesmen on the border of Orakzai and Khyber tribal regions. The militants, following negotiations with tribal elders, soon released over 90 tribesmen but still held seven influential men.
    (AP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 12, In the Philippines marines patrolling a wooded area in Sulu province's mountainous Patikul town stumbled on about 30 militants. An ensuing 30-minute clash killed one militant and wounded an unknown number of other gunmen.
    (AP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 12, A Russian Su-24 tactical bomber flew over the USS Donald Cook in the Black Sea. An electronic device disabled all radars, control circuits, systems, information transmission, etc. on board the US destroyer. The unarmed Russian aircraft repeated a simulated missile attack 12 times before flying away.
    (www.voltairenet.org/article185860.html)
2014        Apr 12, In Saudi Arabia the death of a foreign man (45) due to MERS brought the nationwide toll in the world's most-affected country to 68.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 12, In southern Tajikistan 6 children were killed and at least seven people left missing and presumed dead as a result of a mudslide.
    (Reuters, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 12, Turkey's PM Erdogan said he will "go after" Twitter, accusing the site of tax-evasion, after it was used to spread damaging leaks implicating his inner circle in corruption scandals.
    (AFP, 4/12/14)
2014        Apr 12, In Ukraine armed pro-Russian militants raised the Russian flag in the eastern city of Slaviansk, deepening a stand-off with Moscow which, Kiev warned, was dragging Europe closer to a "gas war" that could disrupt supplies across the continent.
    (Reuters, 4/12/14)
2014        Apr 12, In Yemen suspected al-Qaida militants ambushed special forces troops, killing two soldiers and wounding five others. Two suspected al-Qaida militants on a motorcycle shot a security man in Sanaa, killing him instantly and taking his weapon before fleeing the scene.
    (AP, 4/13/14)

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