Return to home1065 Apr 12,
Pilgrims under bishop Gunther of Bamberg reached Jerusalem.
1204 Apr 12, The Fourth
Crusade, led by Boniface of Montferrat, sacked Constantinople.
Constantinople fell to a combined force of Franks and Venetians. The
4th Crusade failed to reach Palestine but sacked the Byzantine
Christian capital of Constantinople.
(AM, May/Jun 97 p.)(NH, 9/96, p.22)(HN, 4/12/98)
1385 Apr 12, Willem van
Oostervant wed Margaretha (10), Philip the Stout's daughter
1522 Apr 12, Florentine artist
Piero di Cosimo (b.1462), aka Piero di Lorenzo, died of plague. His
work included “Cart of Death."
1545 Apr 12, French king
Francis I ordered the Protestants of Vaudois killed.
1550 Apr 12, Edward de Vere,
17th Earl of Oxford, was born (d.1604). Some claimed that he was
responsible for all the 37 plays, 154 sonnets and 2 long narrative
poems that are attributed to William Shakespeare. De Vere was first
advanced as the author of Shakespeare’s work in 1918 by English
schoolmaster J. Thomas Looney.
(SFC, 4/26/97, p.E1)(WSJ, 5/1/97, p.A16)(WSJ,
1605 Apr 12, Boris Godunov,
Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), died.
1606 Apr 12, England's King
James I decreed the design of the original Union Flag (also referred
to as the Union Jack), which combined the flags of England and
(HN, 4/12/98)(AP, 4/12/06)
1654 Apr 12, England, Ireland
and Scotland united.
1692 Apr 12, Giuseppe Tartini,
composer (Istria), was born.
1709 Apr 12, The Tatler
magazine in England published its 1st edition. It used the
names of coffee houses as subject headings for articles.
(MC, 4/12/02)(Econ, 12/20/03, p.89)
1716 Apr 12, Felice de'
Giardini, composer, was born.
1722 Apr 12, Pietro Nardini,
composer, was born.
1748 Apr 12, William Kent
(b.c1685), English sculptor and architect (Kensington Palace), died.
Kent introduced the Palladian style of architecture into England
with the villa at Chiswick House.
1769 Apr 12, Giovanni Agostino
Perotti, composer, was born.
1770 Apr 12, British Parliament
repealed the 1967 [Townshend] Townsend Acts that put duties on
certain products imported to the US.
(WUD, 1994, p.1499)(HN, 4/12/98)
1776 Apr 12, North Carolina's
Fourth Provincial Congress adopted the Halifax Resolves, which
authorized the colony's delegates to the Continental Congress to
support independence from Britain.
1777 Apr 12, Henry Clay, the
"Great Compromiser", American politician and statesman, was born. He
ran unsuccessfully for president three times. [see Apr 22]
1782 Apr 12, Revolutionary
commander Captain Joshua Huddy (b.1735) was hanged as a scapegoat in
New Jersey by loyalists headed by Captain Richard Lippincott
outraged by the killing of loyalist soldier Philip White.
1782 Apr 12, The British navy
won its only naval engagement against the colonists in the American
Revolution at the Battle of Les Saintes in the West Indies off
Dominica. A British fleet beat the French.
(HN, 4/12/99)(MC, 4/12/02)
1787 Apr 12, Philadelphia's
Free African Society formed.
1788 Apr 12, Carlo Antonio
Campioni (67), composer, died.
1791 Apr 12, Francis Preston
Blair, Washington Globe newspaper editor, was born.
1801 Apr 12, Josef Franz Karl
Lanner, Austrian composer, violist, was born.
1811 Apr 12, First U.S.
colonists on Pacific coast arrived at Cape Disappointment,
(HN, 4/12/98)(MC, 4/12/02)
1826 Apr 12, Karl Maria von
Weber's opera "Oberon," premiered in London.
1831 Apr 12, Grenville Mellen
Dodge, Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1838 Apr 12, John Shaw
Billings, American librarian, army physician, was born.
1844 Apr 12, Texas became a US
1845 Apr 12, Henry M. Baron the
Kock (65), officer, politician, died.
1851 Apr 12, Emil Liebling,
composer, was born.
1852 Apr 12, Carl Louis
Ferdinand von Lindemann (d.1939), German mathematician, was born.
1861 Apr 12, The Confederates
sent a final ultimatum for the surrender of Fort Sumter at 12:45
a.m. Upon receiving Anderson's refusal, Gen'l. Beauregard's
artillery began to bombard Fort Sumter at 4:30 a.m. For 34 hours,
the Confederates and Federals traded fire before Anderson
surrendered on April 13. The Civil War had begun.
(Hem. 1/95, p. 70)(AP, 4/12/97)(HN,
1862 Apr 12, Union volunteers
from Ohio, led by Lt. James J. Andrews, stole a Confederate train
near Marietta, Ga. They were caught 89 miles up the track. 8 of the
24 raiders were hanged that summer. 8 others escaped and made their
way north. The episode inspired Buster Keaton’s 1927 comedy "The
General." In 1956 Disney retold the story in “The Great Locomotive
Chase" with Fess Parker. In 2006 Russell S. Bonds authored “Stealing
(AP, 4/12/00)(WSJ, 11/10/06, p.W4)
1862 Apr 12, Union troops
occupied Fort Pulaski, Georgia.
1862 Apr 12, Union Gen. David
Hunter (1802-1886) formed the first official African-American
regiment during the Civil War. The First South Carolina Volunteer
Infantry was first organized in the Department of the South by Gen.
David Hunter at Hilton Head, SC, in May of 1862.
1864 Apr 12, Battle of Blair's
Landing in LA.
1864 Apr 12, Battle of Blair's
Landing in LA.
1864 Apr 12, Confederate forces
under Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Fort Pillow, Tennessee,
and killed many black Union troops there. Charged with ruthless
killing, Forrest argued that the soldiers had been killed trying to
escape; however, racial animosity on the part of his troops was
undoubtedly a factor.
1869 Apr 12, The US Supreme
Court in Texas v White established that secession is illegal. The
case involved a claim by the Reconstruction government of Texas that
United States bonds owned by Texas since 1850 had been illegally
sold by the Confederate state legislature during the American Civil
1869 Apr 12, Henri-Desire
Landru (Bluebeard), French sex murderer, was born.
1869 Apr 12, North Carolina
legislature passed an anti-Klan Law.
1872 Apr 12, Jesse James gang
robbed bank in Columbia, Kentucky, of $1,500 with 1 person killed.
1877 Apr 12, The catcher's mask
was first used in a baseball game, by James Tyng of Harvard, in an
exhibition game against the Live Oaks of Lynn, Mass. In 1878
Frederick Thayer, manager and 3rd baseman for the Harvard team,
applied for and received a patent for the mask. Thayer became a
lawyer after graduating and in 1886 successfully sued Spalding for
(AP, 4/12/07)(ON, 6/08, p.12)
1878 Apr 12, William M "Boss"
Tweed, NYC politician, died in prison.
(MC, 4/12/02)(Arch, 7/02, p.24)
1892 Apr 12, George C.
Blickensderfer received the first US patent for a portable
1897 Apr 12, Prof. Edward
Drinker Cope (b.1840), paleontologist, died in Pennsylvania. He had
discovered many hitherto unknown dinosaur species. He willed his
bones to science and by 1994 was settled in the Univ. of
Pennsylvania’s Museum of Archeology and Anthropology and proposed as
a type specimen for Homo sapiens. In 1999 David Rains Wallace
authored "The Bonehunter's Revenge: Dinosaurs, Greed, and the
Greatest Scientific Feud of the Gilded Age," which covered the feud
between Cope and Othniel Charles Marsh.
1905 Apr 12, Hippodrome arena
opened in NYC.
1905 Apr 12, French Dufaux
brothers tested a helicopter.
1908 Apr 12, Fire devastated
the city of Chelsea, Massachusetts.
1911 Apr 12, Pierre Prier
completed the first non-stop London-Paris flight in three hours and
1912 Apr 12, Clara Barton
(b.1821), the founder of the American Red Cross, died at her home in
Glen Echo, Maryland at age 90.
1916 Apr 12, American
cavalrymen and Mexican bandit troops clashed at Parrel, Mexico.
1917 Apr 12, Domenico
Scarlatti's and Jean Cocteau's ballet premiered in Rome.
1919 Apr 12, Maurice Girodias,
French publisher, was born.
1920 Apr 12, In Colombia the
firm Nacional de Chocolates was founded. In the 1970s three of the
largest holding companies in the country bought stock from each
other in order to protect themselves from hostile takeovers. The
newly formed Antioquean Syndicate was composed of: Suramericana de
Seguros, Nacional de Chocolates, and Cementos Argos.
1922 Apr 12, A San Francisco
jury acquitted actor Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle in his 3rd murder trial
following 2 hung juries.
(SFEC, 12/26/99, p.W7)(AH, 2/05, p.47)
1923 Apr 12, Ann Miller,
[Lucille Ann Collier], dancer (On the Town), was born in Cherino,
1925 Apr 12, Tiny Tim, [Herbert
Khaury], singer (Tiptoe Through the Tulips), was born.
1927 Apr 12, The British
Cabinet came out in favor of women voting rights.
1927 Apr 12, Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-shek began a counter revolution in Shanghai.
1928 Apr 12, Hermann Koehl
attempted a 2nd nonstop flight Europe to North America in a Junkers
monoplane, the Bremen. Koehl along with a navigator and passenger
departed from Ireland and reached Greenly Island, Quebec, the next
(ON, 9/02, p.5)
1931 Apr 12, Spanish voters
rejected the monarchy.
1932 Apr 12, Emmanuel
Chabrier's and Balanchine's ballet premiered in Monte Carlo.
1933 Apr 12, Montserrat
Caballe, soprano (Mimi-La Boheme), was born in Barcelona, Spain.
1934 Apr 12,
The F. Scott Fitzgerald novel "Tender Is the Night" was first
published by Scribner's in New York. It had been serialized in
1934 Apr 12, In New Hampshire a
weather station on Mount Washington recorded a record wind gust of
231 mph before the anemometer broke.
(SSFC, 4/12/09, p.C10)
1935 Apr 12, Wendy Savage,
obstetrician, gynecologist, was born.
1935 Apr 12, Germany prohibited
the publishing of "not-Aryan" writers.
1937 Apr 12, The US Supreme
Court ruled that the 1935 National Labor Relations Act is
(SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)
1939 Apr 12, Alan Ayckbourn,
playwright, was born in London.
1940 Apr 12, Italy annexed
1941 Apr 12, Vichy-France's
head of government Admiral Dalan consulted with Hitler.
1941 Apr 12, Alain Le Ray
(1910-2006), a leader in the French Resistance, become the first to
escape from the infamous Colditz prison in Germany. Le Ray had been
captured in June 1940. The Nazis had touted the jail as escape
proof, and his exploits were recounted in the 1976 book "Premiere a
Colditz" ("First in Colditz").
1942 Apr 12, Japan killed about
400 Filipino officers in Bataan.
1944 Apr 12, Lillian Hellman's
"Searching Wind," premiered in NYC.
1944 Apr 12, The U.S. Twentieth
Air Force was activated to begin the strategic bombing of Japan.
1945 Apr 12, Richard Strauss
completed his "Metamorphosis."
1945 Apr 12, Pres. Franklin
Delano Roosevelt the 32nd president of the United States, died of a
cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Ga., at age 63. Roosevelt, a
polio victim confined to a wheelchair, spent a great deal of time in
the soothing waters of the resort. He succumbed to a cerebral
hemorrhage while posing for a portrait by Elizabeth Shoumatoff at
what came to be known as the Little White House in Warm Springs,
where the unfinished portrait remains on display. Lucy Rutherford
Mercer, his secret companion, was at his bedside. He was succeeded
by his Vice-President, Harry S. Truman. The 63-year-old president
had been at Warm Springs, Georgia, since March 28, resting from the
rigors of leading a nation at war. Roosevelt, left paralyzed by
polio in 1921, was elected to the nation's highest office four times
and is judged by historians to be among the greatest American
presidents. He was buried at the Roosevelt family home in Hyde Park,
New York. The period is covered in "Mr. Truman’s War" (1996) by
Robert Moskin. In 2001 "The New Dealer’s War," the 5th and last
volume of the Roosevelt biography by Thomas Fleming (d.1999) was
published. In 2001 Kenneth S. Davis authored "FDR: The War
President." In 2003 Conrad Black, aka Lord Black of Crossharbour,
authored "Franklin Delano Roosevelt." In 2008 H. W. Brands authored
“"Traitor to His Class: The Privileged Life and Radical Presidency
of Franklin Delano Roosevelt."
(A & IP., ESM, p.167)(WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A8)(SFC,
9/6.96, p.A10)(AP, 4/12/97)(HN, 4/11/99)(HNQ, 6/16/00)(WSJ, 4/26/01,
p.A18)(WSJ, 12/3/03, p.D12)(Econ, 11/1/08, p.95)
1945 Apr 12, Robert Daniell
(1901-1996), British tank commander, entered with his tank crew into
Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. He found some 10,000 corpses
killed by the guards as the allies approached. Of the remaining
38,500 prisoners, barely a third survived.
(SFEC, 1/5/97, p.B8)
1945 Apr 12, Canadian troops
liberated the Nazi concentration camp at Westerbork, Neth.
1946 Apr 12, Syria gained
independence from France.
1947 Apr 12, David Letterman,
comedian (Late Night), was born in Indianapolis, Ind.
1949 Apr 12, Scott Turow,
writer and attorney, was born.
1951 Apr 12, The Israeli
Knesset officially designated the 27th of Nissan, a few days after
the end of Passover, as Holocaust Memorial Day.
1954 Apr 12, Bill Haley &
the Comets recorded "Rock Around the Clock" at NYC's Pythian Temple.
It was written by Max C. Freedman and Jimmy de Knight. Haley's "Rock
Around the Clock," was originally released as the B side of
“Thirteen Women." Haley died in 1981.
(www.rockabillyhall.com/RockClockTribute.html)(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.D8)
1954 Apr 12, Joe Turner
released "Shake, Rattle & Roll."
1954 Apr 12, AEC hearings began
on Robert Oppenheimer. Lewis Strauss, head of the AEC, had accused
Oppenheimer on Dec 21, 1953, of disloyalty and presented a list of
the charges against him. Oppenheimer refused to resign, demanded a
hearing, and hired a lawyer.
1955 Apr 12, The Salk Vaccine
was declared safe and effective. Salk vaccine shots for polio began
to be given out to school kids. The March of Dimes accomplished its
mission within 20 years. Research led by Dr. Jonas Salk, of the
Univ. of Pittsburgh, and supported by funds (those marching little
dimes) raised annually by thousands of volunteers, resulted in the
announcement that the Salk polio vaccine was "safe, potent and
effective." The foundation also supported the research that led to
the Sabin oral vaccine, another safe, effective polio preventative
discovered by Dr. Albert B. Sabin. Following the victory over
infantile paralysis, the March of Dimes turned its attention to
conquering the largest killer and crippler of children: the mental
and physical problems that are present at birth. Some 100 million
people were given the vaccine during the 1950s and 1960s which was
later found to be contaminated with the SV40 simian virus, a
(AP, 4/12/97)(440 Int'l, 1/3/99)(SSFC, 7/15/01,
1956 Apr 12, Henrique da
Rocha-Lima (b.1879), Brazilian scientist, died. Working in Germany,
he with Stanislaus von Prowazek (1875-1915) discovered Rickettsia
prowazekii, the pathogen of endemic typhus, which he named after the
1959 Apr 12, France Observator
reported torture practice by French army in Algeria.
1960 Apr 12, Bill Veeck and
Chicago’s Comiskey Park debuted the "Exploding Scoreboard."
1960 Apr 12, The SF Giants made
their opening day debut in the new Candlestick stadium before 42,000
fans. The stadium was built by Charles Harney (d.1962), a friend of
Mayor Christopher, who also sold 41 acres to the city at $66,853 per
acre. He had purchased the land just a few years earlier at $2,100
per acre. Harney received $7 million for building the stadium and
was named director of the corporation set up to build the stadium.
The stadium was designed by architect John S. Boles. A radiant
heating system for the 2nd tier seats failed to work.
(SFC, 5/3/01, p.A8)(SFC, 4/10/10, DB p.50)(SFC,
1961 Apr 12, Douglas MacArthur
was offered baseball commissioner position but declined.
1961 Apr 12, Yuri Alexeyevich
Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut, experienced the weightlessness of space
for 108 minutes. He orbited the Earth once before making a safe
landing. The Russians rocketed Yuri Gagarin, the first man into
space. His ship, Vostok I, was guided entirely from the ground.
(SFEC, 2/16/97, Z1 p.6)(AP, 4/12/97)(HN,
4/12/98)(NPub, 2002, p.20)
1963 Apr 12, Police used dogs
and cattle prods on peaceful civil rights demonstrators in
1966 Apr 12, Emmett Ashford
became the first African-American major league umpire. [see Apr 6]
1966 Apr 12, Jan Berry
(1942-2004) of the "Jan and Dean" duo was involved in a car crash
that left him in a month-long coma. Their hit songs from 1960-1966
included: "Little Old lady from Pasadena," "Deadman’s Curve," and
(SFEC, 7/13/97, DB p.63)(SSFC, 3/28/04, p.B5)
1966 Apr 12, 1st B-52 bombing
on North Vietnam took place.
1969 Apr 12, Simon and
Garfunkel released "The Boxer."
1973 Apr 12, In Swaziland
Sobhuza II repealed the constitution and dissolved parliament,
making himself absolute ruler. Political parties were banned and a
state of emergency was declared.
1973 Apr 12, Viet Nam and
France officially established diplomatic relations.
1975 Apr 12, Josephine Baker
(b.1906), US-French revue artist (Folies-Bergere), died in Paris,
1975 Apr 12, The US removed its
embassy personnel from Phnom Penh. Some of Cambodia's most senior
government ministers, including the Acting President, Saukham Khoy,
were among the evacuees.
1980 Apr 12, In Texas Richard
Whitehead (16) was shot and killed after allegedly drinking into the
early hours with co-worker Delma Banks. Banks claimed he was
innocent, but was convicted in the murder and sentenced to death.
The US Supreme Court stopped the execution in 2004 and allowed Banks
to appeal his conviction.
1980 Apr 12, In Liberia Master
Sergeant Samuel K. Doe (1951-1990) of the Krahn tribe staged a coup.
Doe, a high school dropout, and a few soldiers killed Pres. William
Tolbert and fatally shot a dozen of his ministers. He was backed by
the US and became one of Liberia’s most brutal dictators.
(SFC, 4/10/96, p.A-4)(SFC, 4/16/96,
1981 Apr 12, The first space
shuttle, Columbia, carrying astronauts Robert L. Crippen and John W.
Young, blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on its first test
flight. It was designated STS-1 (space transportation system).
(WSJ, 4/24/95, p.R-5)(AP, 4/12/97)(SSFC, 2/2/03,
1981 Apr 12, Hendrik F.
Andriessen (b.1892), Dutch organist, composer (Te Deum), died.
1981 Apr 12, Joe Louis
(b.1914), [Brown bomber] heavyweight champion boxer (1937-49), died.
He was buried at Arlington Cemetery under a waiver by Pres. Reagan.
1982 Apr 12, In Manhattan 3 CBS
employees were shot to death on a rooftop parking lot. Donald Nash
(47) was charged with using a .22 caliber handgun kill Margaret
Barbera, who was cooperating with a Federal investigation into a $6
million fraud, and Leo Kuranuki, Robert Schulze and Edward Benford,
three CBS technicians who the police believe were coming to her aid.
Mr. Nash was convicted in 1983 and sentenced to four consecutive
25-year terms in prison.
1983 Apr 12, Chicagoans went to
the polls to elect Harold Washington the city's first black mayor.
(AP, 4/12/97)(HN, 4/12/98)
1985 Apr 12,
Sen. Jake Garn of Utah became the first senator to fly in space as
the shuttle Discovery lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
1985 Apr 12, In Australia the
charred remains of Sandra White (34) were found in rural Victoria.
In 2009 Steven Hutton (54) was later accused of strangling her and
setting her on fire. He is alleged to have confessed to the killing
after being detained in a London psychiatric hospital following a
road accident in 1990. In 2009 he was set to be extradited from
1985 Apr 12, A bombing in
Madrid, Spain, killed 18 and injured 82. Shia Muslim extremists
(WSJ, 3/12/04, p.A11)
1987 Apr 12, Texaco Inc.,
fighting an $11 billion judgment in favor of Pennzoil Co. stemming
from Texaco's acquisition of Getty Oil Co., filed for federal
bankruptcy protection. Texaco, with assets of $33.8 billion, later
settled with Pennzoil for $3 billion.
(AP, 4/12/97)(SFC, 4/7/01, p.A4)
1988 Apr 12, The U.S. Patent
and Trademark Office issued a patent to Harvard University for a
genetically engineered mouse, the first time a patent was granted
for an animal life form.
1988 Apr 12, Sonny Bono elected
mayor of Palm Springs, Calif.
1988 Apr 12, Alan Stewart Paton
(b.1903), South African writer (Cry The Beloved Country), died. He
founded and served as president of the Liberal Party (1953-68).
1989 Apr 12, NY State leaders
agreed to raise unemployment benefits to $245 per week.
1989 Apr 12, Abbie Hoffman
(52), radical activist, was found dead at his home in New Hope,
Penn. He suffered from bipolar mental illness that was only
diagnosed in 1980. In 1996 Jonah Raskin wrote: “For the Hell of It:
The Life and Times of Abbie Hoffman." In 1994 Jack Hoffman, Abbie’s
brother, wrote a biography, as did Marty Jezer in 1992. His wife,
Anita, died in 1998. She wrote "Trashing," a fictional memoir of her
activity as a Yippie. In 1999 Larry Sloman published "Steal This
Dream: Abbie Hoffman and the Countercultural Revolution in America."
(SFC, 12/29/96, BR p.5,6)(SFC, 12/31/98,
p.D4)(SFEC, 2/14/99, BR p.7) (AP, 4/12/99)
1989 Apr 12, Sugar Ray Robinson
(b.1921), former middleweight boxing champion, died in Culver City,
Ca., after suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. In 2009 Wil Haygood
authored “Sweet Thunder: The Life and Times of Sugar Ray Robinson."
(AP, 4/12/99)(Econ, 10/24/09, p.96)
1990 Apr 12, Greyhound Bus
hired new drivers to replace strikers.
1990 Apr 12, James Brown
(b.1933) was moved to the lower Savannah Work Center in Aiken
County, SC, after serving 15 months.
1990 Apr 12, In its first
meeting, East Germany's first democratically elected parliament
acknowledged responsibility for the Nazi Holocaust, and asked the
forgiveness of Jews and others who had suffered.
1991 Apr 12, Defense Secretary
Dick Cheney announced plans to close 31 major US military bases,
including Ford Ord in California and Fort Dix in New Jersey.
1991 Apr 12, Kurdish rebels
reported the Iraqi army was attacking guerrillas in northern Iraq.
1992 Apr 12,
After five years in the making, Euro Disneyland, a theme park
costing $4 billion, opened in Marne-La-Vallee, France, amid
controversy as French intellectuals bemoaned the invasion of
American pop culture.
1993 Apr 12, NATO warplanes
began enforcing a United Nations no-fly zone over
Bosnia-Herzegovina; meanwhile, Bosnian Serbs bombarded the besieged
eastern town of Srebrenica.
1994 Apr 12, Senate Majority
Leader George Mitchell declined to be nominated to the Supreme
1994 Apr 12, Playwright Edward
Albee won his third Pulitzer prize for "Three Tall Women"; the
Pulitzer prize for fiction went to E. Annie Proulx for "The Shipping
News"; the gold-medal award for public service journalism went to
the Akron Beacon-Journal of Ohio.
1994 Apr 12, The US Operations
Distant Runner and Support Hope began in Rwanda and ended Sep 30,
1994. They cost $147.8 billion.
(WSJ, 9/22/99, p.A8)
1994 Apr 12, In Iraq Shiite
dissident Talib al-Suhail was assassinated by the Iraqi Intelligence
Service in Beirut.
1995 Apr 12, In a move that
stunned the business world, billionaire Kirk Kerkorian and former
Chrysler Chairman Lee Iacocca made an unsolicited $22.8
billion-dollar bid to buy the nation's third largest automaker;
Chrysler responded that it wasn't for sale.
1996 Apr 12, The artwork of
Masamune Shirow was featured in the Japanese animation epic “Ghost
in the Shell." It was set in a futuristic Tokyo of 2029.
(SFC, 4/12/96, p.D-3)
1996 Apr 12, President Clinton
named U.S. Trade Representative Mickey Kantor to succeed the late
Ron Brown as commerce secretary.
1996 Apr 12, Historian Stanley
I. Kutler of the Univ. of Wisconsin won the release of the Nixon
White House tapes. The first 200 of 3000 hours that document the
Watergate coverup will be released by November. He started his suit
(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-2)
1996 Apr 12, Poland’s
government agreed to grant pensions to former presidents Lech
Walesa, Wojciech Jaruzelski, and the last pre-Communist pres.
Ryszard Kaszorowski. The net pension will be about $1600 a month.
Legislators later approved $800 per month.
(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-9)(WSJ, 5/31/96, p.A1)
1996 Apr 12, Pres. Fernando
Henrique Cardoso signed a decree allowing up to 18,000 inmates of
Brazil’s prisons to go free.
(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-9)
1996 Apr 12, A judge in Toluca,
Mexico ordered that Raul Salinas de Gortari stand trial on charges
of hiding millions of dollars in unexplained income during his
career as administrator of food-subsidy programs in the 1980s.
(WSJ, 4/15/96, p.A-15)
1997 Apr 12, The new $38.4
million Museum of African American History was scheduled to open in
Detroit at 315 E. Warren Ave. with a 16,000-sq.-foot core exhibit.
The building was paid for by a city-backed bond issue but the
collection was started by Dr. Charles Wright.
(Sky, 4/97, p.28)(SFEC, 2/23/97, p.T7)(WSJ,
1997 Apr 12, George Wald (80),
US scientist (Nobel Prize, vitamin A in retina), died.
1997 Apr 12, In Honduras
Candido Amador, a Chorti tribal leader, was shot to death near the
ruins of Copan after a meeting with local landowners. He had
demanded that the government turn over 35,000 acres of land that was
promised to the indigenous peoples in an agreement with the Spanish
colonial government in the 18th century. Another leader, Ovidio
Perez, was gunned down less than a month later.
(SFC, 9/30/97, p.A13)
1997 Apr 12, In Italy the
Shroud of Turin was recovered from a fire that began in the Guarini
chapel of the city’s 15th century cathedral.
(WSJ, 4/14/97, p.A1)
1997 Apr 12, From Madagascar it
was reported that a plague of locusts was poised to sweep over the 5
million acres of rich farmland in the south of the nation.
(SFC, 4/12/97, p.A12)
1997 Apr 12, Undaunted by a
cache of explosives found on his travel route, Pope John Paul II
plunged into a peace mission to Sarajevo, wading into crowds and
declaring, "Never again war."
1998 Apr 12, Easter.
1998 Apr 12, Mark O’Meara won
the Masters golf tournament in Augusta, Ga. with a 9-under-par score
(WSJ, 4/13/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/12/99)
1998 Apr 12, In Columbia at
least 22 soldiers and leftist rebels were killed in fighting in
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.C12)
1998 Apr 12, Sinn Fein leader
Gerry Adams appealed to IRA supporters to accept Northern Ireland's
compromise peace accord.
1998 Apr 12, In Italy Maria
Angela Rubino (32) was found shot in a train bathroom. The murder
was similar to 6 others along the Italian Riviera since March 9.
(SFC, 4/20/98, p.A10)
1998 Apr 12, In Mexico
authorities expelled 12 foreigners from Chiapas state saying they
had engaged in activity in support of the Zapatista rebels. Two
int’l. news photographers were beaten and police attempted to
confiscate their film as they boarded a plane for Mexico City. The
expelled group reported that they had witnessed a military operation
to shut down a town council in Taniperlas, that was raided the
previous day by 750 police and troops.
(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A10)(SFC, 4/14/98, p.C12)
1999 Apr 12, In Arkansas U.S.
District Judge Susan Webber Wright cited President Clinton for
contempt of court, concluding that the president had lied about his
relationship with Monica Lewinsky in a deposition in the Paula Jones
(SFC, 4/13/99, p.A1)(AP, 4/12/00)
1999 Apr 12, A jury in Little
Rock, Ark., acquitted Susan McDougal of obstructing Independent
Counsel Kenneth Starr's Whitewater inquiry and deadlocked on two
other charges, causing a mistrial.
1999 Apr 12, The Snake River in
southeastern Washington state was named as the nation's most
endangered river because of 4 dams that have brought salmon runs to
the brink of extinction.
(SFC, 4/12/99, p.A19)
1999 cApr 12, BoxCar Willie,
country singer, died at age 67. He was born as Lecil Martin in
Starett, Texas, and spent 22 years in the Air Force.
(SFC, 4/13/99, p.A19)
1999 Apr 12, NATO allies
considered establishing a protectorate to shield Kosovo from
Yugoslav forces. Senior commander Gen'l. Wesley Clark asked the
Pentagon for 300 more warplanes. NATO bombs hit a train car at a
railroad bridge over the Juzna Morava River and 10 were killed and
(SFC, 4/13/99, p.A12)(WSJ, 4/13/99, p.A1)(SFC,
4/14/99, p.A13)(SFC, 4/20/99, p.A7)
1999 Apr 12, NATO bombs
destroyed the October 14 heavy machinery manufacturing plant in the
Krusevac region of Serbia.
(SFEC, 4/25/99, p.A28)
1999 Apr 12, In Colombia an
Avianca plane was hijacked with 46 people aboard and flown to a
guerrilla stronghold in Bolivar province.
(SFC, 4/13/99, p.A11)
1999 Apr 12, In East Timor 4
people were killed in fighting between factions for and against
independence from Indonesia.
(WSJ, 4/13/99, p.A1)
1999 Apr 12, In Germany a
monorail fell from its suspension rail and plunged 30 feet into the
Wupper river. 3 people were killed and 47 injured in the derailment
of the historic (1901) "hanging railway."
(SFC, 4/13/99, p.A11)
1999 Apr 12, In Hungary a
Russian aid convoy bound for Serbia was allowed to proceed.
(WSJ, 4/13/99, p.A1)
1999 Apr 12, In southern
Lebanon guerrillas detonated a roadside bomb and killed one Israeli
soldier and wounded 2 others. The Shiite Muslim Hezbollah claimed
responsibility and announced that Israeli troops had killed one its
fighters hours earlier.
(SFC, 4/13/99, p.A11)
1999 Apr 12, In Russia the
parliament voted to delay a vote of impeachment on Pres. Yeltsin.
(SFC, 4/13/99, p.A11)
1999 Apr 12, Yugoslavia's
federal parliament voted to join a political alliance with Russia
and Belarus. Igor Ivanov, the foreign minister of Russia, endorsed
the proposal, but the alliance existed for the most part only on
(WSJ, 4/13/99, p.A14)
2000 Apr 12, Attorney General
Janet Reno met in Miami with the US relatives of Elian Gonzalez,
after which she ordered them to bring the six-year-old boy to an
airport the next day so he could be taken to a reunion with his
father in Washington. Elian was seized by federal agents ten days
after Reno’s order to turn him over.
(SFC, 4/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 4/12/01)
2000 Apr 12, Detroit police
arrested John Eric Armstrong (26), a suspected serial killer.
Armstrong was reported to be responsible for killing some 20
prostitutes since 1992, when he served in the US Navy aboard the
(SFC, 4/14/00, p.A16)
2000 Apr 12, It was reported
that the Vermont-based Ben & Jerry’s ice-cream maker would be
sold to Unilever Corp.
(SFC, 4/13/00, p.D1)
2000 Apr 12, China’s Pres.
Jiang Zemin arrived in Israel to support commercial defense
relations between the two countries.
(SFC, 4/13/00, p.A15)
2000 Apr 12, In Colombia police
and US drug agents swept over 4 cities in “Operation Millennium II"
and made 49 arrests in the country’s largest heroin ring.
(SFC, 4/13/00, p.A16)
2000 Apr 12, In Israel the
Supreme Court ruled that the detention of Lebanese men for more than
a decade was illegal. A release was scheduled for 13 men on Apr 17.
(SFC, 4/13/00, p.A14)
2000 Apr 12, In Pakistan at
least 11 people were killed in Mulawali when gunmen hurled a grenade
into a prayer meeting of Shiite Muslims followed by automatic rifle
fire. 30 people were injured.
(SFC, 4/13/00, p.A16)
2000 Apr 12, In Peru officials
announced that a runoff election would be held between Pres.
Fujimori and Alejandro Toledo.
(SFC, 4/13/00, p.A14)
2000 Apr 12, In the Philippines
the Arlahada ferryboat capsized after leaving Jolo and at least 56
people died. Another 100 were missing and feared dead. The death
toll later rose to 133.
(SFC, 4/13/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 4/17/00, p.A1)
2001 Apr 12, The 24 crew
members of a US spy plane arrived in Hawaii after being held for 11
days in China. Pres. Bush blamed the Chinese for the midair
collision of the US spy plane and a Chinese jet and rebuffed demands
to end reconnaissance flights off the coast of China. In 2006 it was
revealed that Prince Bandar bin Sultan, Saudi ambassador to the US,
negotiated the release of the crew on behalf of Pres. Bush.
(SFC, 4/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/12/06)(WSJ, 10/11/06,
2001 Apr 12, Maryland banned
farming of genetically modified fish in waters linked to other
(WSJ, 4/13/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 12, In Cincinnati
Mayor Charles Luken declared a state of emergency and imposed a
citywide curfew and other measures to prevent a 4th night of riots
following the fatal shooting of an unarmed black man by police. This
was the worst outbreak of racial violence in the city since the
aftermath of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968.
(SFC, 4/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/11/02)
2001 Apr 12, It was reported
that antiseizure drugs caused higher than normal birth defects among
children born to epileptic mothers.
(SFC, 4/12/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 12, Tornadoes killed
at least 4 people in Iowa, Missouri and Oklahoma.
(WSJ, 4/13/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 12, In Chad a trailer
truck carrying some 100 passengers went off the Chagoua Bridge and
plunged into the Chari River near the capital of N’Djamena. Most
were missing and feared dead.
(SFC, 4/14/01, p.A10)
2001 Apr 12, In Indonesia Pres.
Wahid abandoned attempts to negotiate with separatist rebels in Aceh
and ordered his troops to resume fighting.
(SFC, 4/13/01, p.A15)
2001 Apr 12, In the Philippines
government troops raided the Abu Sayyaf rebel camp on Jolo Island
and freed Jeffrey Schilling. Some of the rebels were killed and
(SFC, 4/13/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/11/02)
2002 Apr 12, Colin Powell
arrived in Israel as another suicide bombing killed 6 people in
Jerusalem at the Mahane Yehuda market. Powell failed to PM Sharon to
set a timetable for withdrawal from West Bank cities. Powell
postponed a meeting with Arafat and demanded that Arafat condemn the
latest attack. Estimates of Palestinian dead from Israeli operations
in Jenin reached 100-200. An elderly Palestinian couple were rescued
after being buried for 7 days by an Israeli bulldozer in Jenin.
(SFC, 4/13/02, p.1,13)(SFC, 4/15/02, p.A11)
2002 Apr 12, Boston's Cardinal
Bernard Law ignored growing demands for his resignation because of
the sex scandal engulfing the church. Law ended up resigning the
2002 Apr 12, Greenpeace
activists tried to hang an anti-Bush banner on a container ship at
the Port of Miami-Dade. Federal prosecutors used an 1872 "sailor
mongering" law to make their case against the activists and
(SFC, 12/30/03, p.A5)
2002 Apr 12, Arab militant
groups including Hezbollah, Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood issued
a manifesto declaring that Arab governments had betrayed the
Palestinians and called holy war “the religious duty of every
(SFC, 4/17/02, p.A14)
2002 Apr 12, An earthquake hit
northern Afghanistan and at least 59 people were killed, mostly in
(SFC, 4/13/02, p.A10)(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A24)
2002 Apr 12, In Hong Kong
police began expelling an estimated 4,300 mainland-born Chinese, who
were refused the right of residence.
(SFC, 4/13/02, p.A11)
2002 Apr 12, In Nepal rebel
attacks killed 160 people. 60 police officers were killed defending
the house of Interior Security Minister Khum Bahadur Khadka. 27
officers who surrendered were beheaded and 2 were burned alive.
(SSFC, 4/14/02, p.A14)
2002 Apr 12, Russia sent troops
into the Kodori gorge of Georgia to watch the Abkhazia border. The
move was condemned by Georgian officials and troops were soon
(SFC, 4/13/02, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/15/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 12, UN delegates in
Madrid agreed on a 44-page “Int’l. Plan of Action on Aging." There
were no specifics to finance or monitor compliance.
(SFC, 4/13/02, p.A11)
2002 Apr 12, In Venezuela Pedro
Carmona Estanga, head of a business association, proclaimed himself
interim president and declared the constitution abolished. A summit
of Latin American leaders criticized the ouster of Hugo Chavez.
Chavez had resigned under pressure from the country's divided
military but was returned to office two days later.
(SFC, 4/13/02, p.A9)(AP, 4/12/03)(Econ, 3/9/13,
2003 Apr 12, The US Congress
approved almost $79 billion to pay for the war in Iraq.
(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 12, Finance officials
from the seven richest industrial countries, meeting in Washington,
agreed to support a new UN Security Council resolution as part of a
global effort to rebuild Iraq and promised to begin talks on
reducing Iraq's massive foreign debt burden.
2003 Apr 12, In the 25th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US officials said 1,200 police and judicial
officers will go to Iraq to help restore order. In western Iraq, US
forces stopped a busload of men who had $630,000 in cash and a
letter offering rewards for killing American soldiers. Baghdad
Museum lost some 50,000 artifacts after 48 hours of looting. Unesco
later reported 150,000 items lost with a combined value in the
billions. It was later reported that losses were minimal and that
curators had put away most valuables into vaults before the war
(AP, 4/12/03)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.W1)(WSJ, 4/16/03,
p.B1)(WSJ, 6/12/03, p.D8)
2003 Apr 12, Lt. Gen. Amer
al-Saadi (7 of diamonds), Saddam Hussein's science adviser,
surrendered to US military authorities. He insisted Iraq had no
weapons of mass destruction and that the invasion was unjustified.
2003 Apr 12, Rescued POW
Jessica Lynch returned to the United States after treatment at a
U.S. military hospital in Germany.
2003 Apr 12, Women's activists
took their fight against the all-male Augusta National as close as
they could get to the Masters tournament.
2003 Apr 12, In eastern
Afghanistan a car packed with explosives exploded, killing four
people who apparently were planning a terrorist attack.
2003 Apr 12, In northern
Bangladesh up to 100 people were reported missing after a ferry
capsized in the Nagchinni River. Searchers recovered the bodies of
victims, bringing the death toll to 16.
2003 Apr 12, Belgium's Prince
Laurent married English-born commoner Claire Coombs in an elaborate
2003 Apr 12, Canada reported 3
more deaths from the deadly SARS virus, lifting the national toll to
13. 274 probable or suspect cases have been reported across Canada,
up from 266. Canadian scientists reported that they had broken the
genetic code of the SARS virus.
(AP, 4/13/03)(SFC, 4/14/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 12, In San Pedro Sula,
northern Honduras, gunmen opened fire on a restaurant killing 11
people and wounding 7 others in what police said appeared to be a
dispute between rival drug gangs.
2003 Apr 12, Some 83.8% of
voters in Hungary agreed to be part of the historic eastward
expansion of the European Union.
2003 Apr 12, Malta held
parliamentary elections. PM Eddie Fenech Adami won and said his
nation will go ahead with European Union membership.
2003 Apr 12, Mexican army
troops manning a roadblock near the Arizona border seized a truck
packed with more than four tons of marijuana.
2003 Apr 12, In Nigeria
parliamentary elections took place for 469 seats in the House and
Senate. 61 million voters were registered. The ruling party led
legislative elections, but violence accompanying voting in the
oil-rich south left at least two dozen people dead.
(WSJ, 4/11/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 4/13/03, p.A8)(AP,
2003 Apr 12, North Korea hinted
it could accept US demands for multilateral talks to discuss the
communist country's suspected nuclear weapons program.
2004 Apr 12, Barry Bonds hit
his 660th home run to tie godfather Willie Mays for third on
baseball's career list. Bonds hit a towering three-run shot in the
fifth inning, sending the San Francisco Giants to a 7-5 win over the
visiting Milwaukee Brewers.
2004 Apr 12, Miss Missouri,
Shandi Finnessey, a 25-year-old graduate student who has published a
children's book, was crowned Miss USA at the 52nd annual pageant.
2004 Apr 12, A federal judge
allowed a nationwide ban on dietary supplements containing ephedra
to take effect, turning aside a plea from two manufacturers.
2004 Apr 12, A man and woman
pleaded guilty in Houston to taking part in a smuggling scheme that
resulted in the deaths of 19 illegal immigrants abandoned in a truck
2004 Apr 12, DuPont Co., the
No. 2 U.S. chemicals maker, said it will cut 3,500 jobs, or 6
percent of its work force, as part of a previously announced plan to
reduce costs by $900 million in the face of high raw material
2004 Apr 12. Microsoft reported
that it agreed to pay $440 million to settle a broad patent suit
with InterTrust. It covered the protection of digital content
against unauthorized copying.
(WSJ, 4/12/04, p.A3)
2004 Apr 12, In Brazil more
than 1,000 police stormed into two Rio shantytowns, attempting to
halt a violent dispute among drug traffickers that has left at least
10 people dead.
2004 Apr 12, Chechnya rebels
killed 10 Russian soldiers, including five whose convoy was shelled
while driving through an insurgent stronghold.
2004 Apr 12, In Colombia
government soldiers accidentally killed three fellow troops after
mistaking them for outlawed paramilitary gunmen near Puerto Gaitan.
2004 Apr 12, A senior
government minister said India will not deploy peacekeeping troops
in Iraq without a mandate from the United Nations because the
situation there is "not favorable."
2004 Apr 12, In Lucknow, India,
thousands of people crowding into a park for a politician's birthday
celebration and to receive free saris stampeded, killing 21 women
2004 Apr 12, Gunfire was
largely silenced in the second day of a truce in Fallujah, where
Iraqi doctors said 600 people, including many civilians, were
2004 Apr 12, Israeli troops
exchanged fire with Palestinian gunmen near an Israeli settlement in
the Northern Gaza Strip, killing at least three of the assailants.
2004 Apr 12, In Mexico Morelos
state Gov. Sergio Estrada ordered the firing of all 552 state police
officers following charges that commanders provided protection to
(SFC, 4/13/04, p.A2)
2004 Apr 12, In Russia a bomb
exploded on the roof of a businessman's armored car in Moscow,
killing at least four people including the businessman.
2005 Apr 12, President Bush
visited soldiers at Fort Hood, Texas, marking the two-year
anniversary of the end of Saddam Hussein's regime.
2005 Apr 12, Three men with
suspected al-Qaida ties, already in British custody, were charged
with a years-long plot to attack the New York Stock Exchange and
other East Coast financial institutions.
2005 Apr 12, The US Commerce
Dept. said the US trade deficit, aggravated by surging imports of
oil and textiles, soared to an all-time high of $61.04 billion in
2005 Apr 12, Fifteen traders at
the NY Stock Exchange were indicted for trading for their firms’ won
accounts at the expense of customers.
(WSJ, 4/13/05, p.C1)
2005 Apr 12, Wal-Mart said it
will spend $35 million over 10 years to conserve land equal to the
total US footprint of its stores and other facilities.
(WSJ, 4/13/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 12, China said it will
soon begin “trial sales" of hitherto untraded stocks it holds in
publicly traded companies.
(WSJ, 4/13/05, p.C16)
2005 Apr 12, An EU feasibility
study deemed Serbia and Montenegro worthy to start accession talks.
(Econ, 4/16/05, p.43)
2005 Apr 12, The Iraqi
government said it captured Fadhil Ibrahim Mahmud Al-Mashadani, a
former member of Saddam Hussein's regime who was believed to be
funding the insurgency. Al-Mashadani was a high-ranking member of
Saddam's Baath Party and was "among the main facilitators of many
terrorist attacks. Militants ambushed a convoy carrying Iraq's
deputy interior minister, killing a bodyguard and wounding the
deputy's son and two other people.
2005 Apr 12, Donors exceeded
Sudan's aid requests by pledging $4.5 billion to help it recover
from Africa's longest civil war amid criticism of Khartoum for
failing to halt atrocities in Darfur.
2005 Apr 12, Zimbabwe's main
opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) lodged a first court
challenge against results from March 31 polls it says were rigged.
2006 Apr 12, The US Treasury
Department said "transactions with the Palestinian Authority by US
persons are prohibited, unless licensed." It said the decision was
based on "existing terrorism sanctions."
2006 Apr 12, Jurors in the
Zacarias Moussaoui trial listened to a recording of terrified shouts
and cries in the cockpit as desperate passengers twice charged
panicked hijackers during the final half hour of doomed United
Flight 93 on Sept. 11.
2006 Apr 12, Police checking on
a home in Leola, Pennsylvania, discovered a gruesome scene: the
bodies of six people, some wrapped in sheets and blankets in the
basement, and blood, bone fragments and a hammer upstairs. Jesse Dee
Wise (21) was charged the next day for the murder of 6 relatives.
(AP, 4/13/06)(SFC, 4/14/06, p.A3)
2006 Apr 12, The Indiana Toll
Road was leased for $3.8 billion to a Spanish-Australian consortium
that is to maintain and run it for 75 years.
(WSJ, 4/13/06, p.A1)
2006 Apr 12, Google Inc. CEO
Eric Schmidt defended the search engine's cooperation with Chinese
censorship as he announced the creation of a Beijing research center
and unveiled a Chinese-language brand name.
2006 Apr 12, The Rev. William
Sloane Coffin (81), a former Yale chaplain known for Vietnam-era
peace activism, died in Strafford, Vt.
2006 Apr 12, Walter Clyde
Pearson (77), US poker champion, died in Nevada. He won the 1973
World Series of Poker championship and introduced the “freeze-out"
style of tournament poker where all players start with the same
amount of chips and the winner takes all.
(SSFC, 4/16/06, p.B7)
2006 Apr 12, Joe Van Holsbeeck
(17) was stabbed to death at the Brussels Central train station in a
robbery by 2 men for his MP3 player. On August 2 a Polish teen,
suspected in the murder, was extradited to Belgium and taken into
2006 Apr 12, In Brazil federal
prosecutors charged a former top presidential aide and dozens of
others with trying to bribe legislators into supporting Brazil's
2006 Apr 12, Britain and the US
called for sanctions against four Sudanese who have blocked peace
efforts and violated human rights in the conflict-wracked Darfur
2006 Apr 12, Officials said
Canadian and US police have broken up a criminal ring that smuggled
dozens of Indian and Pakistani nationals into the US at a cost of up
to $35,000 each.
2006 Apr 12, The final leg of
Canada's contentious seal hunt moved to the ice floes off
northeastern Newfoundland and Labrador, with sealers expected to
harvest another 234,000 harp seal pups.
2006 Apr 12-2006 Apr 13,
Sudanese Janjaweed militia with local Chadian recruits shot or
hacked to death 118 villagers in eastern Chad in a bloody spillover
of violence from Sudan's Darfur region.
2006 Apr 12, In southern China
thousands of villagers clashed with police over government plans to
tear down sluice gates built for irrigation, leaving one woman dead
and several people injured.
2006 Apr 12, Authorities said
Colombia's biggest right-wing paramilitary group has disbanded as
part of an ongoing peace process, but some renegade factions
continued to operate.
2006 Apr 12, Government troops
and UN peacekeepers launched a fresh military offensive in Congo's
restive east, targeting Rwandan Hutu rebels blamed for attacking
civilians at home and in Congo.
2006 Apr 12, Ecuador's
Environment Minister Ana Alban said some 5,000 Ecuadorians illegally
residing in the ecologically fragile Galapagos Islands will face
deportation to the mainland.
2006 Apr 12, France's lower
house of parliament approved a compromise youth job plan to replace
a measure that triggered nationwide protests and plunged the country
2006 Apr 12, An Indian court
struck down a controversial order banning dance bars in the
financial hub of Mumbai, bringing cheers from champions of the
2006 Apr 12, Raj Kumar (77),
Indian movie star, died in Bangalore.
2006 Apr 12, In Jakarta,
Indonesia, some 150 members of the Islamic Defenders' Front,
protesting Playboy's decision to launch an Indonesian edition of the
magazine, clashed with police and stoned the company's editorial
2006 Apr 12, Iran’s deputy
nuclear chief said the country intends to move toward large-scale
uranium enrichment involving 54,000 centrifuges, signaling its
resolve to expand a program the international community has insisted
2006 Apr 12, In Iraq car and
roadside bombings killed 13 people, including three US soldiers, and
injured dozens. Gunmen in Baghdad hunted down three different
government employees and shot them dead on their way to work. A car
bomb exploded as worshippers were leaving a Shiite mosque near
Baqouba, killing 26 people and injuring 32 others. The US military
in Iraq detained Bilal Hussein (35), an Iraqi citizen and an
Associated Press photographer. He was accused of being a security
threat but charges were never filed and no public hearing was
permitted. 5 months later military officials said Hussein was being
held for "imperative reasons of security" under UN resolutions. In
the few years since the first shackled Afghan shuffled off to
Guantanamo, the US military has created a global network of overseas
prisons, its islands of high security keeping 14,000 detainees
beyond the reach of established law.
(AP, 4/12/06)(WSJ, 4/13/06, p.A1)(AP, 9/17/06)
2006 Apr 12, The Israeli army
killed to Al Aqsa infiltrators trying to enter from Gaza.
(WSJ, 4/13/06, p.A1)
2006 Apr 12, Italian police
arrested three people suspected of aiding Italy's No. 1 fugitive and
reputed Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano, who was captured a day
2006 Apr 12, In Kyrgyzstan Edil
Baisalov, leader of a coalition of civic groups called For Democracy
and Civil Society, suffered a gunshot wound in the back of the head
when he was leaving his office in the capital, Bishkek. Baisalov has
led a campaign against a bid by alleged criminal boss Ryspek
Akmatbayev to become a lawmaker.
2006 Apr 12, Malaysia abandoned
plans to build a controversial new bridge to Singapore, saying that
the city-state's demand for airspace access in return for its
agreement was unacceptable.
2006 Apr 12, Two people were
killed in a grenade attack on a restaurant and a shop owner was
gunned down as violence shook towns on Mexico's resort-studded
2006 Apr 12, In southern Nepal
police shot and killed an anti-government protester as authorities
foiled pro-democracy activists' plans to hold a mass rally in the
heart of Katmandu and detained dozens of demonstrators.
2006 Apr 12, In Karachi,
Pakistan, mobs of youths rioted for a second straight day to protest
a suicide bombing that killed at least 56 people, which a top
Pakistani official said was aimed at "eliminating" the leadership of
a moderate Sunni Muslim group.
2006 Apr 12, Pakistani army
helicopters struck a militant hideout in northwestern Pakistan in an
attempt to kill a wanted senior al-Qaida operative. Seven suspected
militants and two children were believed killed. Mohsin Musa
Matawalli Atwah (45), an Egyptian and al-Qaida member wanted for his
suspected role in the bombings of US embassies in East Africa, was
(AP, 4/13/06)(SFC, 4/14/06, p.A15)
2006 Apr 12, In northeastern
Sri Lanka 2 explosions in a market killed 17 people in the town of
Trincomalee and cast a cloud over upcoming peace talks.
(AP, 4/13/06)(AFP, 4/29/06)
2007 Apr 12, The new US
“forever" postage stamp was scheduled to go on sale. The cost for
first class mail was set to rise to 41 cents on May 14.
(SFC, 4/11/07, p.A3)
2007 Apr 12, World Bank
President Paul Wolfowitz acknowledged that he erred in helping a
close female friend get transferred to a high-paying job. "I made a
mistake for which I am sorry," he said.
2007 Apr 12, CBS fired Don Imus
from his radio program for insulting the Rutgers women's basketball
team on the air. In the evening, Imus met with team members at the
New Jersey governor's mansion in Princeton.
2007 Apr 12, New Jersey Gov.
Jon S. Corzine was involved in an SUV crash as he headed to a
meeting between radio show host Don Imus and the Rutgers women's
basketball team. The crash occurred when the SUV, driven by a state
trooper, was hit by another vehicle that swerved to avoid the pickup
truck. Corzine was not wearing his seat belt, as required by law,
and the crash left him with such serious injuries that he required a
2007 Apr 12, In NYC transit
officials and politicians broke ground on the Second Avenue line in
2007 Apr 12, Muzak announced
plans to merge with rival DMX. The company was moving in the
direction of sensory branding and identifying songs that suit
(Econ, 4/28/07, p.74)
2007 Apr 12, A study said
scientists have decoded the genome sequence of rhesus monkeys
proving they share 93% of man's genetic make-up.
2007 Apr 12, Kelsie B. Harder,
onomastician (a student of names and their origins), died in
Potsdam, NY. His books included “Illustrated Dictionary of Place
(SSFC, 4/22/07, p.B6)
2007 Apr 12, In southern
Afghanistan a US-led coalition and Afghan troops backed by aircraft
clashed with suspected Taliban fighters, leaving more than 35
militants dead. Roadside bombs struck two NATO convoys in the east,
killing two soldiers. US and Afghan troops rescued five civilian
contractors pinned down by small arms fire from insurgents in
central Afghanistan after their helicopter made an emergency
landing. A coalition aircraft attacked the militants, killing three.
The contractors were evacuated to a nearby coalition base.
2007 Apr 12, Brazilian police
broke up a gang accused of killing hundreds of people over several
years, arresting 18 suspects and searching for 10 others. The gang,
made up of police officers, hired guns and businessmen, had carried
out up to 200 killings a year over the past five years, most of them
linked to loan sharking.
2007 Apr 12, In London the
Beatles' Apple Corps company settled a royalties dispute with record
label EMI, raising hopes that Beatles recordings may soon be legally
2007 Apr 12, Tens of thousands
of people marched through the streets of Cali to protest the bombing
of the city's police barracks, blamed on Colombia's largest leftist
2007 Apr 12, Tens of thousands
of people marched through the streets of Cali to protest the bombing
of the city's police barracks, blamed on Colombia's largest leftist
2007 Apr 12, India test-fired a
new missile capable of carrying nuclear warheads with a 1,900-mile
range. Indonesia said the missile forced 2 of its jetliners off
(AP, 4/12/07)(WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A1)
2007 Apr 12, A suicide bomber
blew himself up in the Iraqi parliament's cafeteria in the
deadliest-ever attack in the American-guarded Green Zone. Mohammed
Awad, a moderate Sunni lawmaker, was killed in the attack and 22
were wounded. The next day an insurgent umbrella group that includes
al-Qaida in Iraq claimed one of its "knights" carried out the
parliament suicide bombing. 11 civilians were killed in a bombing of
Baghdad’s al-Sarafiya bridge. 7 were killed by a powerful suicide
truck bomb, and 4 perished when their cars plummeted into the river.
The bodies of radio newscaster and her husband were found in Mosul,
three days after being kidnapped by gunmen.
2007 Apr 12, Toyota named the
first non-Japanese to its board of directors, appointing American
James Press, the automaker's president of North American operations,
amid growing fears of a political backlash for its booming US sales.
2007 Apr 12, Mexican President
Felipe Calderon signed a law eliminating prison sentences for libel
or defamation, drawing praise from media watchdog groups.
2007 Apr 12, Morocco’s police
detained two men near the scene of three suicide bombings in
Casablanca, and a police official said one was carrying explosives.
2007 Apr 12, An international
conservation group tens of thousands of villagers could be displaced
and a fragile ecosystem destroyed by a hydropower project being
built on northeastern Myanmar's Salween River.
2007 Apr 12, A Norwegian oil
rig support vessel carrying 15 people capsized off northern Scotland
and five crew members were missing.
2007 Apr 12, Pakistan’s
President Gen. Pervez Musharraf said that tribesmen have killed
about 300 foreign militants during a weekslong offensive near the
Afghan border and acknowledged for first time that they received
military support. Gunfights erupted again in villages near the
Afghan border where clashes between Sunni and Shiite Muslims have
killed at least 49 people over the past week.
2007 Apr 12, Polish officials
said Google plans to open an operations center in Wroclaw later this
year, creating 200 new jobs and boosting the city's efforts to
become a technology hub.
2007 Apr 12, Russian
authorities said they have halted the work of all foreign adoption
agencies for several months, virtually shutting down the placement
of children from one of the most important countries for US families
seeking to adopt.
2007 Apr 12, The Swiss-based
Nestle SA, the world's biggest food and drink company, said it will
buy Gerber Products Co. from pharmaceutical maker Novartis SA for
$5.5 billion, giving it the largest share of the global baby food
2007 Apr 12, A Syrian-American
businessman with ties to the Damascus government made an
unprecedented appearance before an Israeli parliamentary panel,
telling lawmakers that Syrian President Bashar Assad is ready to
make peace with the Jewish state.
2007 Apr 12, Thailand police
said the king has pardoned a Swiss man who was given a 10-year
sentence for spray-painting over images of the revered monarch, but
the longtime Thailand resident has been ordered to leave the
2007 Apr 12, Turkey's army
chief said the military had launched several "large scale"
offensives against rebels in the predominantly Kurdish southeast,
and he asked the government for approval to launch an incursion into
neighboring northern Iraq.
2007 Apr 12, In Uganda
protesters stoned to death two people of Asian origin during a
demonstration against a Ugandan-Indian company that wants to grow
sugar cane in this country's largest natural forest. Two others were
also killed in the rioting.
(AP, 4/12/07)(WSJ, 4/13/07, p.A1)
2007 Apr 12, Zimbabwe
opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai expressed optimism about planned
talks between his party and President Robert Mugabe's government to
end the crisis in the country.
2008 Apr 12, Jerry Zucker (58),
Israeli-born American businessman and chief executive of Hudson's
Bay Co., died of cancer. Zucker's wife Anita Zucker became governor
of HBC, Canada’s largest retailer, making her the first woman to
hold that position in the company's 338-year history.
(Reuters, 4/13/08)(WSJ, 4/19/08, p.A9)
2008 Apr 12, In Afghanistan a
suicide bomber attacked an Indian road construction crew in the
southwestern Nimroz province, killing two people, including an
Indian engineer. Eight other people, including five Indian workers
and two civilians, were wounded in the blast. Militants killed four
eradication police in Kandahar’s Maiwand district.
(AP, 4/12/08)(AP, 4/13/08)
2008 Apr 12, About 20,000
workers rioted over high food prices and low wages close to the
Bangladesh capital Dhaka, amid spreading global unrest over soaring
2008 Apr 12, A unit of Canada’s
national police boarded and seized the Farley Mowat, a Dutch
registered yacht belonging to the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society.
The ship was used to protest Canada’s annual seal hunt.
(Econ, 4/19/08, p.48)
2008 Apr 12, Chinese President
Hu Jintao defended the crackdown on protests in Tibet and denied the
disturbances were linked to human rights in his first public
comments on the incident.
2008 Apr 12, In Ecuador 5 young
British women were killed in a bus crash while the 15 other people
on board were injured.
2008 Apr 12, Haiti’s President
Rene Preval announced a drop in the price of rice in a bid to defuse
anger of rising food prices that fueled days of deadly protests and
looting. Haitian lawmakers dismissed PM Jacques Edouard Alexi,
hoping to defuse widespread anger over rising food prices.
2008 Apr 12, In Iran an
explosion killed 14 people inside a mosque in the southern city of
Shiraz. A Police official said a homemade bomb caused the explosion.
The next day Abbas Mohtaj, deputy interior minister in charge of
security, said the explosion was "the result of an accident." In May
a report by the official news agency IRNA again said the explosion
was no accident, and those responsible had ties to the West. In
November Iran's Revolutionary Court convicted three men of
involvement in an explosion and sentenced them to death.
(AP, 4/13/08)(SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A7)(SFC, 4/14/08,
p.A13)(AP, 5/8/08)(AP, 11/29/08)
2008 Apr 12, Shiite militants
fought US and Iraqi forces around Baghdad's Shiite district of Sadr
City despite a call for calm by anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr
following the assassination of one of his top aides. At least 13
Shiite militants died in the clashes, which erupted the previous
evening and tapered. Iraqi soldiers acting on tips from detained
Shiite militiamen found 14 bodies that had been buried in a field
south of Baghdad. The bodies were found after members of al-Sadr's
Mahdi Army militia were detained and confessed to killing and
burying dozens of Sunnis as well as some Shiites killed for criminal
purposes. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
(AP, 4/12/08)(SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A5)
2008 Apr 12, Macedonia's
lawmakers voted to dissolve parliament and hold early elections,
following a dispute with neighboring Greece that halted the Balkan
nation's bid to join NATO.
2008 Apr 12, It was reported
that an international team of scientists had completed an inventory
of life on Madagascar, one of Earth’s largest and most diverse
(SFC, 4/12/08, p.A4)
2008 Apr 12, Election officials
said Nepal's communist former rebels have won control in 11 of the
21 constituencies where vote counting has been completed in the
election for an assembly to write a new constitution.
2008 Apr 12, King Harald V
opened Norway's $840 million national opera house on the shores of
the Oslo Fjord, kicking off a gala performance. The parliament's
decision to approve construction and funding of a national opera
house belatedly confirmed an overly optimistic 1881 report in an
Oslo newspaper that the capital was about to get a new opera house.
2008 Apr 12, Spain's re-elected
PM Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero was sworn in for his second term. He
announced a government which for the first time included more women
than men and a female defense minister.
2008 Apr 12, In Sudan the
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) clashed with Sudanese armed
forces in West Darfur near the Sudan-Chad border. Both sides claimed
they had inflicted heavy casualties.
2008 Apr 12, Taiwan's vice
president-elect said he and Chinese President Hu Jintao held "candid
and harmonious" talks in the highest-level contact ever between the
sides, and they had brought results.
2008 Apr 12, Thousands of
secularist Turks rallied in Ankara against the ruling AK Party,
which is facing a high court challenge by a prosecutor who wants it
shut down for alleged Islamist activities.
2008 Apr 12, Investigators in
Turkey found the body of Giuseppina Pasqualino di Marineo (33), an
Italian artist known as Pippa Bacca. She was last seen on March 31
hitchhiking in a wedding gown. She was on her way to Israel in a
plea for peace. Police detained a man suspected of killing her. In
June, 2009, Murat Karatas was sentenced to life in prison for her
rape and murder.
(AP, 4/12/08)(SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A4)
2008 Apr 12, African leaders
hoped to find a resolution to Zimbabwe's deepening political crisis
at an emergency summit in Zambia, but state media reported that
President Robert Mugabe would not attend the "unnecessary" meeting.
The Electoral Commission said it would conduct a full recount of the
presidential and parliamentary ballots cast in 23 constituencies,
all but one of them won by the opposition.
(AP, 4/12/08)(AP, 4/13/08)
2009 Apr 12, US Navy SEAL
snipers on a destroyer shot and killed three Somali pirates and
plucked an unharmed Capt. Richard Phillips to safety. A fourth
pirate surrendered. His rescue sparked concern for other hostages
and fears that the stakes have been raised for future hijackings in
the Indian Ocean shipping lane.
2009 Apr 12, The Pritzker jury
named Peter Zumthor (65), a Swiss architect, as the 2009 winner of
the Pritzker Architecture Prize.
(AFP, 4/12/09)(SFC, 4/13/09, p.A7)
2009 Apr 12, In Florida a power
boat packed with 12 people slammed into a docked tug boat, killing
five occupants of the pleasure craft and seriously injuring seven on
the Intracoastal Waterway in St. Johns County.
2009 Apr 12, In New Hampshire a
massive fire destroyed or damaged about 40 summer cottages at the
146-year-old Alton Bay Christian Conference Center.
2009 Apr 12, In Texas 2
firefighters were killed while battling a house fire in Houston.
(SFC, 4/13/09, p.A4)
2009 Apr 12, Marilyn Chambers
(born in 1952 as Marilyn Ann Briggs), adult film star, was found
dead at her home in the Los Angeles suburb of Canyon Country. The
pretty Ivory Snow girl helped bring hard-core adult films into the
mainstream consciousness when she starred in the explicit movie
"Behind the Green Door" (1972).
2009 Apr 12, In Kandahar,
Afghanistan, Taliban gunmen on motorbikes gunned down, female
legislator Sitara Achikzai.
2009 Apr 12, In Bahrain a
pardon by King Sheik Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa led to the release of
178 people imprisoned on security-related charges. Among them were
22 Shiite activists who have been on trial since February on charges
of seeking to destabilize the government and promote regime change
2009 Apr 12, In Bangladesh
security officials arrested eight suspected militants of a banned
Islamic group after raiding a house in Dhaka.
2009 Apr 12, Sir John Maddox
(b.1925), former editor of the British journal Nature, died.
2009 Apr 12, China announced a
$10 billion infrastructure fund and $15 billion in credits and loans
to help its Southeast Asian neighbors face the global financial
(WSJ, 4/13/09, p.A9)
2009 Apr 12, In the Central
African Republic at least 22 people died as cattle farmers and
traders clashed over stolen oxen with guns, blades and arrows.
Fighting was sparked by a dispute over 170 oxen stolen by bandits 10
days earlier but later retrieved.
(AFP, 4/12/09)(AFP, 4/14/09)
2009 Apr 12, In Colombia a
caravan of some 500 motorcycles completed a three-week ride
dedicated to hostages held by FARC rebels, but fell short of
securing the release of captives. At least 22 Colombian soldiers and
police were held by the FARC as political bargaining chips.
2009 Apr 12, In Iraq a roadside
bomb killed a US soldier north of Baghdad. A second roadside bombing
struck two cars carrying Iraqis in the Jisr Diyala area, about 10
miles (16 km) southeast of Baghdad. Nine people were wounded in the
explosion, including two women and a teenage boy.
2009 Apr 12, Israel's new PM
Netanyahu spoke to the Palestinian Pres. Abbas on Easter for the
first time since taking office, telling him that he seeks close
cooperation to drive peace efforts forward.
2009 Apr 12, Jordanian
authorities said a man has confessed to stabbing to death his
pregnant sister (28) and mutilating her body to protect the family
honor. The incident, the ninth such case this year and the second
this month, took place in the village of Basira, in the conservative
Bedouin heartland of southern Jordan.
2009 Apr 12, Malaysian police
rushed to a robbery scene only to find the suspects were fellow
officers. 3 men of a special elite police unit were allegedly caught
robbing five men at a house. One of the officers was armed with a
2009 Apr 12, In Nigeria fire
broke out on the Trans-Niger Pipeline. All the feeder flowstations
outside Ogoniland (in Rivers State) adjoining it were shut down to
allow for repairs.
2009 Apr 12, In northwestern
Pakistan about 150 militants armed with rockets and automatic
weapons attacked a transport terminal that lies along a key supply
route used by US and NATO troops, wounding three guards and torching
eight cement trucks.
2009 Apr 12, In Puerto Rico
Army Spc. Nokware Rosado Munoz (28) had been arguing with his
pregnant wife about his upcoming redeployment to Iraq before hanging
2009 Apr 12, Sri Lanka's
president ordered government troops to halt their offensive against
cornered Tamil rebels for two days to give tens of thousands of
civilians a chance to escape the fighting.
2009 Apr 12, Thailand's ousted
PM Shinawatra, called for a revolution after rioting erupted in the
capital, with protesters commandeering public buses and swarming
triumphantly over military vehicles in unchecked defiance after the
government declared a state of emergency.
2009 Apr 12, Zimbabwe set up a
parliamentary team to spearhead the writing of a new constitution
which Pres. Mugabe's opponents say will be key to holding free and
fair elections. A state newspaper reported that Zimbabwe will not
use its own local currency for at least a year, while it tries to
repair an economy which critics say was destroyed by President
2010 Apr 12, President Barack
Obama and presidents, prime ministers and other top officials from
47 countries started work on a battle plan to keep nuclear weapons
out of terrorist hands. Egypt called for world powers to press both
Iran and Israel on nuclear weapons, saying that the Middle East
should be a zone free of the ultra-destructive arms. China said
sanctions were not the answer to the Iranian atomic standoff. Iran's
envoy to the UN nuclear watchdog spurned the US nuclear summit,
saying any decision taken at the conference is not binding on
nations absent from the event.
(AP, 4/12/10)(AFP, 4/13/10)
2010 Apr 12, The United States
and Brazil signed an agreement meant to bolster military ties, but
Brazil's Defense Minister Nelson Jobim did not offer any hint about
a key defense contract sought by U.S.-based Boeing Co.
2010 Apr 12, Winners of the
Pulitzer Prize were announced. Liaquat Ahamed won the history
category for his book “Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the
(SFC, 4/13/10, p.A8)
2010 Apr 12, In Afghanistan
international troops opened fire on a bus carrying Afghan civilians
in Kandahar province, killing four people, setting off anti-American
protests in a key southern city where coalition forces hoped to
rally the public for a coming offensive against the Taliban. In
Kandahar city, 3 suicide bombers attacked an Afghan intelligence
services compound, but security forces repelled them. Roadside bombs
killed four policemen and two Afghan soldiers in Faryab province's
Ghormach district. 3 women died when mortars fired by suspected
insurgents hit their homes in Kapisa province. 2 people were wounded
when their tractor ran over a mine in the far southwestern province
(AP, 4/12/10)(AP, 4/13/10)
2010 Apr 12, In Argentina Luis
Caicedo Velandia was arrested as he walked near a Buenos Aires
shopping mall and placed under extremely high security. the
suspected Colombian drug trafficker, who operated under the radar
for years in Argentina, was later described as a ringleader capable
of giving direct orders to Colombia's most-wanted cocaine kingpins
and with close ties to Mexico's feared Sinaloa cartel.
2010 Apr 12, In Brazil rancher
Vitalmiro Moura, accused of ordering the 2005 murder of US nun and
Amazon defender Dorothy Stang, was found guilty and sentenced to 30
years in prison. Moura was previously convicted of Stang's murder
and then acquitted in an automatic retrial. That decision was
overturned last year on a technicality.
2010 Apr 12, In Brazil the
threat of new mudslides forced officials to begin evicting 2,600
families from at-risk areas as they embarked on a slum demolition
program on Rio de Janeiro's hills.
2010 Apr 12, A British
scientific expedition said it has discovered the world's deepest
known underwater volcanic vent off the Cayman Islands.
2010 Apr 12, Canadian PM
Stephen Harper said Canada will return spent nuclear fuel to its
supplier, the United States, as part of a global drive to secure
2010 Apr 12, China eased
requirements for companies to qualify for government purchasing of
technology after a plan to favor domestic technology was met with
heavy criticism from other countries and business groups.
2010 Apr 12, A mentally ill
Chinese man rampaged with a meat cleaver near an elementary school,
hacking to death a second grader and an elderly woman. Five others
were wounded in the second random attack on schoolchildren in China
in three weeks. Yang Jiaqin (40) chased his victims through Xizhen
village of the southern Guangxi region not long after classes ended.
2010 Apr 12, An Egyptian
activist said Mohammed ElBaradei, emerging opposition leader and
former head of the UN's nuclear watchdog agency, has called for a
boycott of the upcoming elections. ElBaradei has turned his focus to
promoting electoral reforms and constitutional amendments that would
allow a credible rival candidate to run in next year's presidential
2010 Apr 12, Neofonie, the
German maker of a new tablet PC, the WePad, was reportedly setting
out to rival Apple's iPad with the promise of even more technology
such as a bigger screen, a webcam and USB ports. When it hits stores
starting late July, it will also boast a complete open source office
2010 Apr 12, In Guatemala Noe
Vasquez, the chief of the anti-drug office in the Peten region, was
arrested along with 2 other police agents for allegedly passing
information to Mexico's Zetas drug gang.
2010 Apr 12, Indonesian police
raided a home used by suspected terrorists in the far western
province of Aceh, fatally shooting Enal Tao (38), allegedly involved
in the beheadings of 3 Christian girls. Two other suspects were
arrested at the house in Cot Irie village on the outskirts of Banda
2010 Apr 12, In Iraq a suicide
bomber blew up a car in Mosul killing a policeman and a civilian, as
two soldiers were killed near Baghdad.
2010 Apr 12, In northern Italy
a landslide threw a passenger train from its tracks near the border
with Austria, killing nine people and injuring 28. A large
irrigation pipe burst at a higher elevation as the 2-car train
(AFP, 4/12/10)(SFC, 4/13/10, p.A2)
2010 Apr 12, Mexican and US
officials said 3 Mexican cartels have joined forces to destroy the
Zetas gang of hit men that has grown into a feared drug trafficking
outfit with reach into Central America. Police found the body of a
man whose face had been skinned in Cuernavaca. In nearby Temixco, a
man and his pregnant wife were killed by gunmen who left a
2010 Apr 12, Northern Ireland's
Catholic and Protestant lawmakers appointed David Ford their first
justice minister, a power-sharing landmark that IRA dissidents
protested by bombing the local base of Britain's spy agency MI5.
2010 Apr 12, In Pakistan dozens
of militants armed with rockets and automatic weapons attacked two
security checkpoints in the villages of Shireen Dara and Sangrana.
Security forces successfully repelled the attack, but two soldiers
were killed and three others wounded. After the battles subsided,
authorities found the bodies of 15 dead militants around the two
checkpoints. Intelligence officials said insurgents removed the
bodies of at least 26 others who were killed. 13 civilians were
reportedly killed in a US missile strike elsewhere in North
Waziristan. Pakistan intelligence officials said the missile attack
close to the town of Miran Shah killed four suspected militants.
(AP, 4/12/10)(AP, 4/13/10)
2010 Apr 12, In Russia Eduard
Chuvashov, a judge of Moscow's City Court, was found shot to death
in the stairwell of his apartment building. He was the judge in
several high-profile cases, including the February sentencing of 9
skinhead gang members who killed 6 non-Slavs.
2010 Apr 12, Observers urged
Sudan to extend voting in its first open elections in 24 years after
thousands of ballots were cast incorrectly and polling faced serious
delays in many areas of Africa's largest country.
2010 Apr 12, A Swiss court
rejected Hannibal Gadhafi's demand for 100,000 Swiss francs
($94,500) in reparations for the publication of a police mug shot
from his 2008 arrest in Geneva. Gadhafi was arrested in 2008 for
allegedly beating up his servants in a luxury hotel. He was later
released and charges were dropped.
2010 Apr 12, Thailand's
Election Commission ruled that the ruling party be dissolved for
alleged misuse of poll donations, in a potential victory for
anti-government protesters who paraded slain comrades through
Bangkok to press the prime minister to resign.
2010 Apr 12, The Vatican
responded to allegations it long concealed clerical sex abuse by
making it clear for the first time that bishops and clerics
worldwide should report such crimes to police if they are required
to by law.
2010 Apr 12, In Venezuela
knife-wielding prison inmates killed seven other prisoners and
wounded 10 guards during an outbreak of violence at the Santa Ana
2011 Apr 12, California Gov.
Jerry Brown signed legislation requiring the state’s utilities to
get 33% of its electricity from renewable sources by the end of
(SFC, 4/13/11, p.D1)
2011 Apr 12, In New York
Lashanda Armstrong drove 3 of her 4 children into the Hudson River
in Newburgh following a domestic dispute. Her 10-year-old son
survived by crawling out her car window.
(SFC, 4/13/11, p.A10)(SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)
2011 Apr 12, Ohio executed a
two-time murderer using pentobarbital as a stand-alone execution
drug. Clarence Carter (49) was the 2nd inmate in the country
executed with the surgical sedative.
(SFC, 4/13/11, p.A5)
2011 Apr 12, In eastern
Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five road construction workers
who were in a car driving near the Pakistani border. A roadside bomb
killed two Afghan police officers as they were destroying opium
poppies in Kandahar province. 3 children died from an insurgent
grenade tossed during a NATO operation in northern Faryab province.
2011 Apr 12, In Bahrain Zainab
al-Khawaja (27), the daughter of Abdulhadi al-Khawaja (50), a
prominent human rights activist, went on hunger strike to protest
the arrest of several family members, including her father and her
husband, over anti-government demonstrations. At least 29 people
have been killed since the protests began on Feb. 14. Detainee Karim
Fakhrawy of "Al Wasat" died under police custody.
2011 Apr 12, In Bangladesh a
ban went into effect forbidding teachers from bringing their phones
into class. A ban on student cell phones in class rooms was already
2011 Apr 12, In southwestern
China clashes erupted between security forces and locals at the
Kirti Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Sichuan province, under lockdown
after a monk set himself on fire and died on March 17.
2011 Apr 12, Egypt’s former
Pres. Mubarek was hospitalized after suffering an alleged heart
attack. State media indicated the hospital visit may have been a
ploy to escape legal problems.
(SFC, 4/13/11, p.A3)
2011 Apr 12, In Iraq bombings
in a town west of Baghdad killed five people, including three family
members of Ahmed Jassim, a former pro-government Sunni fighter.
2011 Apr 12, In Israel
followers of the Bahai faith unveiled their newly renovated holy
site on the Israeli coast, drawing attention to one of the Holy
Land's lesser-known religions.
2011 Apr 12, Ivory Coast's
internationally recognized president, Alassane Ouattara, called for
peace after his rival was arrested with the help of French forces.
He faced a huge task reuniting a country shattered by civil war.
Gbagbo's interior minister, Desire Tagro, died after being badly
beaten by fighters who captured him a day earlier along with Gbagbo.
(Reuters, 4/12/11)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011 Apr 12, Japan raised the
crisis level at its crippled nuclear plant to a severity on par with
the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, citing high overall radiation leaks
that have contaminated the air, tap water, vegetables and seawater.
Japanese nuclear regulators said they raised the rating from 5 to 7,
the highest level on an international scale of nuclear accidents.
2011 Apr 12, In Japan a
powerful 6.0 earthquake struck near the crippled Fukushima nuclear
plant, shaking buildings in Tokyo. No tsunami warning was issued and
no damage immediately reported.
2011 Apr 12, In Libya Moammar
Gadhafi's forces shelled the only major city in the western half
that remained under partial rebel control. France said NATO should
be doing more to take out heavy weaponry targeting civilians. NATO
knocked out 16 Qaddafi tanks.
(AP, 4/12/11)(Econ, 4/16/11, p.53)
2011 Apr 12, Four Palestinians
suffocated while trying to repair a Gaza smuggling tunnel hit in an
Israeli airstrike last week. Human rights groups say about 160
workers have been killed in the tunnels over the past three years.
2011 Apr 12, Swaziland police
fired water cannons and tear gas, beat people with batons and
arrested activists to prevent pro-democracy protests in sub-Saharan
Africa's last absolute monarchy.
2011 Apr 12, Syrian
pro-government gunmen launched an attack on two villages, Bayda and
Beit Jnad, in the northeast.
2011 Apr 12, Uruguay's senate
annulled an amnesty for crimes against humanity committed during the
1973-85 dictatorship, overturning the view of voters who upheld the
law in two referendums. The measure passed 16-15 after a 12-hour
debate and went to the lower house for minor changes.
2011 Apr 12, In Yemen tens of
thousands demonstrated in major cities across the country rejecting
a mediation proposal by neighboring Gulf countries because it does
not provide for trying the president. Four policemen died as the
security forces traded fire with automatic weapons and
(AP, 4/12/11)(AP, 4/13/11)
2012 Apr 12, In California a
large thunder storm dropped a record 1.24 inches of rain in San
Francisco. The previous record was .92 inches on April 12, 2003.
(SFC, 4/14/12, p.C3)
2012 Apr 12, Florida executed
serial killer David Alan Gore (58). He had spent 28 years on Death
Row for killing 6 women in 1981 and 1983.
(SFC, 4/13/12, p.A6)
2012 Apr 12, New Jersey’s
Newark Mayor Cory Booker (42) entered the burning house his neighbor
and rescued her daughter, Zina Hodge (47). Booker suffered 2nd
degree burns and smoke inhalation.
(SFC, 4/14/12, p.A6)
2012 Apr 12, Ohio police shot
and killed an armed man at a crowded Cracker Barrel restaurant where
a woman and a girl had been killed and another person was wounded,
sending customers fleeing out the back door in Brooklyn.
2012 Apr 12, In southern
Afghanistan angry residents in Helmand province chopped off the ears
of a man accused of planting a roadside bomb that killed two
2012 Apr 12, Brazil's supreme
court voted 8-2 to authorize abortions in cases of fetuses with no
2012 Apr 12, China deployed a
third ship in an area of the disputed South China Sea where a tense
standoff with Philippine vessels has dragged on, sparking alarm in
Manila. On April 10 a Philippine warship attempted to arrest several
Chinese fishermen accused of illegal entry and poaching, but was
prevented by the arrival of two Chinese surveillance ships.
2012 Apr 12, China’s state
media said 42 websites have been closed and more than 210,000 posts
deleted since mid-March in a crackdown on online "rumors", as a
major political scandal rocked the country.
2012 Apr 12, Egypt’s
Islamist-dominated parliament passed a new bill stripping senior
Mubarak regime figures, such as ex-spy chief Omar Suleiman, from the
right to run for office for the next 10 years. The ruling military
council must ratify the bill before it can go into effect.
2012 Apr 12, Guinea-Bissau
soldiers arrested PM Carlos Gomes Jr., hours after the leader's home
was attacked with grenades in what former colonial ruler Portugal
described as a military coup. Gomes had been favored to win the
April 29 runoff after his challenger Kumba Yala, a former president
who was overthrown in a 2003 coup, said he would boycott the vote
because of irregularities in the first round of balloting. President
Raimundo Pereira was also arrested.
(AP, 4/13/12)(AFP, 4/13/12)
2012 Apr 12, In Iraq Hamed
Yussef Hamadi (72), the culture minister under Saddam Hussein, was
released after over six years in prison and left the country. Hamadi
was arrested on January 24, 2006.
2012 Apr 12, Japan’s Sony Corp.
said it will slash 10,000 jobs, or about 6 percent of its global
workforce, and try to turn around its money-losing TV business over
the next two years.
2012 Apr 12, In Japan 8 people
died when an apparently epileptic driver crashed his minivan into a
crowd of pedestrians in the temple-spotted ancient capital of Kyoto.
2012 Apr 12, Mali's new interim
leader, Dioncounda Traore (70), threatened to wage total war on
Tuareg rebels and Islamists controlling the north of the country as
he took the oath of office, ending a brief period of military rule.
2012 Apr 12, A strong 6.9
magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Mexico, waking up
residents living near the Gulf of California, only hours after a
separate temblor swayed tall buildings in Mexico City, causing
2012 Apr 12, Pakistan released
26 Indian fishermen held in prison for more than two years for
violating territorial waters. Officials said at least 450 Indian
fishermen are still in Pakistani jails, while India has over 150
Pakistani fishermen in its prisons.
2012 Apr 12, The South African
anti-trust tribunal said it has approved a $5.1-billion deal by
Anglo American to buy 40 percent of De Beers, allowing it to take
control of the world's largest diamond firm. The deal was announced
late last year and was formally approved by Anglo shareholders in
2012 Apr 12, South Korea's
ruling conservatives won a parliamentary poll fought mostly on
economic issues, with analysts saying voters opted for stability
ahead of a presidential election in December.
2012 Apr 12, South Sudan's
President Salva Kiir rejected calls to pull out from contested
border regions, but said he did not want war with Khartoum. Sudanese
war planes dropped five bombs at dawn targeting a strategic bridge
on the edge of Bentiu, the capital of the oil-producing Unity border
2012 Apr 12, Swazi police
arrested union leaders as a crackdown on banned pro-democracy
protests intensified, with armed patrols in urban areas to disperse
any gatherings in Africa's last absolute monarchy.
2012 Apr 12, In Syria a fragile
cease-fire brokered by the UN took hold with regime forces
apparently halting widespread attacks on the opposition. Renewed
bloodshed killed at least four people, putting to the test a
hard-won ceasefire plan that was supposed to take effect at dawn.
(AP, 4/12/12)(AFP, 4/12/12)
2012 Apr 12, Tunisian
journalists walked out of the country's Constituent Assembly as
Interior Minister Ali Larayedh defended a police crackdown, widely
branded as brutal, on a banned rally.
2012 Apr 12, Turkish
prosecutors ordered the arrest of dozens of former military
officers, including four retired generals, over their role in
forcing the resignation in 1997 of an Islamist PM Necmettin Erbakan.
2012 Apr 12, In Yemen a battle
between Al-Qaeda militants and armed civilians for control of the
Yemeni town of Loder (Lawder) spread to nearby Mudia, as the death
toll from four days of clashes reached 177.
2013 Apr 12, The United States
announced sanctions for 18 Russians under the Magnitsky Law, named
for Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky, who was arrested in 2008 for
tax evasion after accusing Russian police officials of stealing $230
million in tax rebates.
2013 Apr 12, In Fairfield,
Connecticut, armed men stole over $4 million in jewelry from a store
after kidnapping the store manager and another employee to gain
access. The victims were unharmed.
(SFC, 4/13/13, p.A6)
2013 Apr 12, In Afghanistan
Taliban militants stormed an Afghan army outpost in Kunar province,
killing 13 soldiers in an area that is a major infiltration route
for insurgents crossing the mountainous border between Afghanistan
and Pakistan. One soldier remained missing.
(AP, 4/12/13)(SFC, 4/13/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 12, In Bahrain
thousands of anti-government demonstrators joined a march that
included breakaway protests against the scheduled Formula One race
later this month.
2013 Apr 12, European Union
finance ministers said they've agreed to extend the repayment of
emergency loans to Ireland and Portugal for a further seven years,
easing the pressure on both countries to exit their bailout programs
and resume normal borrowing.
2013 Apr 12, The French Senate
voted to legalize same-sex marriage, putting a landmark bill on
track to become law by summer.
2013 Apr 12, In France a
contested auction of dozens of Native American tribal masks went
ahead following a Paris court ruling, in spite of appeals for a
delay by the Hopi tribe, its supporters including actor Robert
Redford, and the US government.
2013 Apr 12, German prosecutors
filed corruption charges against former President Christian Wulff
over alleged favors that prompted his resignation. It was the first
time a former German president faced charges in court.
2013 Apr 12, In Iraq a pair of
bombs struck in quick succession outside a Sunni mosque north of
Baghdad, killing at least 11 people and wounding more than 30.
Minutes after the Kanaan attack, a bomb exploded near a Shiite
mosque in western Baghdad, wounding eight.
2013 Apr 12, Israel troops
shelled a position on the Syrian side of the Golan Heights from
which they received fire.
2013 Apr 12, In northern Mali a
suicide bombing by members of an al-Qaida branch in North Africa
killed at least three soldiers from Chad. Two suicide bombers were
killed in the operation, and many civilians were injured in the
2013 Apr 12, In Russia
Anti-Drugs Special Forces, widely known by their Russian acronym,
MAS, issued a low-key statement on vk.com saying that it has halted
drug raids. MAS was formed last year to track down spice pushers.
Spice in over 900 versions, mass produced in China and Southeast
Asia, was reportedly being exported to Russia as bath salts, incense
and slimming additives, often in mail packages.
2013 Apr 12, Sudanese President
Omar al-Bashir traveled to South Sudan for the first time since the
south peacefully broke away from Sudan in 2011. The two presidents
agreed to the free movement of people and goods across the border.
2013 Apr 12, The Small Arms
Survey, an independent Swiss research group, said Sudan has supplied
weapons and ammunition to rebels fighting neighboring South Sudan's
2013 Apr 12, Syrian forces
battled rebels in the central province of Homs near the border with
Lebanon as part of a counteroffensive aimed at regaining control of
territory around the country. Syrian warplanes carried out
airstrikes around the country.
2013 Apr 12, In Tunisia a mob
of alleged religious conservative Salafis attacked a police station
and clashed with security forces, leaving one person dead and two
wounded in the coastal town of Hergla.
2014 Apr 12, The 188-nation IMF
concluded weekend meeting in Washington, DC, with pledges to work
for faster growth to alleviate unemployment.
(SSFC, 4/13/14, p.A6)
2014 Apr 12, US officials ended
a stand-off with hundreds of armed protesters in the Nevada desert,
calling off the government's roundup of cattle it said were
illegally grazing on federal land and giving about 300 animals back
to the rancher who owned them.
2014 Apr 12, In Algeria a man
was killed in the southern town of Ghardaia, the second fatality in
less than 24 hours of ethnic violence between Berbers and Arabs in
the region. Ghardaia has been the scene of violence since December
when fighting erupted between Berbers and Arabs, known as Chaambas.
2014 Apr 12, In Chile a fire
began raging in the port city of Valparaiso. At least 15 people were
killed and 2,900 homes destroyed. Thousands were evacuated,
including more than 200 female inmates at a prison.
(AP, 4/13/14)(SFC, 4/16/14, p.A4)
2014 Apr 12, In China’s
Xinjiang region Abdubasit Ablimit (17) was shot after he reportedly
tried twice to seize weapons from police at a checkpoint in Aksu
prefecture. He died of his wounds the next day. Another account that
circulated after said Ablimit was killed after running a red light
in an apparent attempt to avoid paying a fine.
2014 Apr 12, France's foreign
minister arrived in Cuba for a brief but historic visit, the first
by such a high-ranking French official in 30 years and a sign of the
quickening pace of improving ties between the European Union and
2014 Apr 12, In India suspected
Maoist rebels set off two bombs in the eastern state of
Chhattisgarh, killing 14 people, most of them paramilitary soldiers
and officials charged with holding elections in the region.
(Reuters, 4/12/14)(SSFC, 4/13/14, p.A6)
2014 Apr 12, Iran rejected a US
decision to deny a visa for its newly appointed ambassador to the
United Nations, pledging to take up the case directly with the world
body in a dispute that has reopened old wounds dating to the 1979
2014 Apr 12, Kuwait's
opposition called for broad democratic reforms including a
Western-style party system to limit the powers of the emirate's
2014 Apr 12, Police in Lebanon
arrested Marcello Dell’Utri, the man who created Forze Italia! in
the 1990s. He had disappeared in the face of a 7-year sentence for
aiding and abetting mobsters.
(Econ, 4/19/14, p.47)
2014 Apr 12, In Myanmar a
passenger bus collided with a car and burst into flames along a
highway, killing 12 passengers and injuring five others.
2014 Apr 12, In Pakistan gunmen
seized some 100 tribesmen on the border of Orakzai and Khyber tribal
regions. The militants, following negotiations with tribal elders,
soon released over 90 tribesmen but still held seven influential
2014 Apr 12, In the Philippines
marines patrolling a wooded area in Sulu province's mountainous
Patikul town stumbled on about 30 militants. An ensuing 30-minute
clash killed one militant and wounded an unknown number of other
2014 Apr 12, A Russian Su-24
tactical bomber flew over the USS Donald Cook in the Black Sea. An
electronic device disabled all radars, control circuits, systems,
information transmission, etc. on board the US destroyer. The
unarmed Russian aircraft repeated a simulated missile attack 12
times before flying away.
2014 Apr 12, In Saudi Arabia
the death of a foreign man (45) due to MERS brought the nationwide
toll in the world's most-affected country to 68.
2014 Apr 12, In southern
Tajikistan 6 children were killed and at least seven people left
missing and presumed dead as a result of a mudslide.
2014 Apr 12, Turkey's PM
Erdogan said he will "go after" Twitter, accusing the site of
tax-evasion, after it was used to spread damaging leaks implicating
his inner circle in corruption scandals.
2014 Apr 12, In Ukraine armed
pro-Russian militants raised the Russian flag in the eastern city of
Slaviansk, deepening a stand-off with Moscow which, Kiev warned, was
dragging Europe closer to a "gas war" that could disrupt supplies
across the continent.
2014 Apr 12, In Yemen suspected
al-Qaida militants ambushed special forces troops, killing two
soldiers and wounding five others. Two suspected al-Qaida militants
on a motorcycle shot a security man in Sanaa, killing him instantly
and taking his weapon before fleeing the scene.