Return to home451AD Apr 13, A Persian army of
300,000 men under Mushkan Nusalavurd arrived at a place between Her
and Zarevand (now Khoy and Salmast in Iran) to face the Armenian
837 Apr 13, Best view of
Halley's Comet in 2000 years.
1517 Apr 13, Tuman Bey, the
last Mameluke sultan of Egypt, was hanged as Osman’s army occupied
1545 Apr 13, Elisabeth van
Valois, French queen of Spain, daughter of Henri II, was born.
1556 Apr 13, Portuguese
Marranos who reverted back to Judaism were burned alive by order of
1598 Apr 13, King Henry IV of
France endorsed the Edict of Nantes, which granted political rights
to French Huguenots. The edict was abrogated in 1685 by King Louis
XIV, who declared France entirely Catholic again.
(AP, 4/13/98)(HN, 4/13/98)
1638 Apr 13, Duke Henri II
(58), French Huguenot leader, died.
1668 Apr 13, John Dryden (36)
became 1st English poet laureate.
1695 Apr 13-14, Jean de la
Fontaine (73), French poet (Fables), died.
(MC, 4/13/02)(MC, 4/14/02)
1721 Apr 13, John Hanson, first
U.S. President under the Articles of Confederation, was born in
(HN, 4/13/98)(MC, 4/13/02)
1728 Apr 13, Johann Christoph
Schmidt (63), composer, died.
1732 Apr 13, Frederick Lord
North, British prime minister (1770-82), was born.
1741 Apr 13, Dutch people
protested the bad quality of bread.
1742 Apr 13, George Frideric
Handel's "Messiah" was first performed publicly, in Dublin, Ireland.
1742 Apr 13, Giovanni Veneziano
(59), composer, died.
1743 Apr 13, Thomas Jefferson
(d.1826), the third president of the United States (1801-1809), was
born in present-day Albemarle County, Va. He called slavery cruel
but included 25 slaves in his daughter’s dowry, took enslaved
children to market and had 10-year-old slaves working 12-hour days
in his nail factory. He stated that blacks were “in reason inferior"
and “in imagination they are dull, tasteless and anomalous." “Were
it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without
newspapers, or newspapers without a government, I should not
hesitate a moment to prefer the latter." "History, in general, only
informs us what bad government is."
(AP, 4/13/97)(SFC,12/897, p.A27)(AP, 4/13/98)
1756 Apr 13, Johann T. Gottlieb
Goldberg (29), German klavecinist, composer, died.
1759 Apr 13, The French
defeated European Allies in Battle of Bergen.
1762 Apr 13, Karl Friedrich
Horn, composer, was born.
1771 Apr 13, Richard
Trevithick, inventor of the steam locomotive, was born in Cornwall,
(ON, 4/04, p.4)
1775 Apr 13, Lord North
extended the New England Restraining Act to South Carolina,
Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland. The act forbade
trade with any country other than Britain and Ireland.
1796 Apr 13, The 1st elephant
arrived in US from India.
1796 Apr 13, Battle at
Millesimo, Italy: Napoleon beat the Austrians.
1861 Apr 13, After 34 hours of
bombardment, Union-held Fort Sumter surrendered at 2:30 p.m. to
Confederates under the command of Gen PGT Beauregard. No Union
defenders were killed in the 34-hour rebel assault on Charleston
Harbor‘s Fort Sumter led by Major Robert Anderson. Likewise, none of
the Confederate attackers were killed in this action. Union Pvt.
Daniel Hough became the war‘s first official casualty when he was
killed by a premature discharge of a cannon used as a salute in the
evacuation ceremonies after the surrender.
(HN, 4/13/98)(HNQ, 8/31/00)(MC, 4/13/02)
1860 Apr 13, James Ensor
(d.1949), Belgian painter, was born. He became a master at dredging
disturbing, uncensored images from the depths of the unconscious.
1862 Apr 13, In the Washington
area volunteers led by Sarah J. Evans paid homage to the graves of
Civil War soldiers. Villagers in Waterloo, NY, held their 1st
Memorial Day service on May 5, 1866. In 1966 Pres. Johnson gave
Waterloo, NY, the distinction of holding the 1st Memorial Day.
(SFC, 5/26/03, p.A2)
1863 Apr 13, Battle of Irish
Bend, LA (Ft. Bisland). (MC, 4/13/02)
1863 Apr 13, Hospital for
Ruptured and Crippled in NY became the 1st orthopedic hospital.
1865 Apr 13, Union forces under
Gen. Sherman began their devastating march through Georgia.
Sherman's troops took Raleigh, NC.
(HN, 4/13/98)(MC, 4/13/02)
1866 Apr 13, Butch Cassidy
[Robert LeRoy Parker], American western outlaw and leader of the
Wild Bunch, was born in Beaver, Utah. [see Apr 6,15]
1868 Apr 13, Tewodros II
(1818-1868), also known as Theodore II, committed suicide at Magdala
while under British siege. He was Emperor of Ethiopia from
1869 Apr 13, Steam power brake
was patented by George Westinghouse.
1870 Apr 13, The Metropolitan
Museum of Art was incorporated in New York. The museum opened in
1873 Apr 13, In the Colfax
Massacre in Grant Parish, Louisiana, some 105 blacks were killed on
Easter Sunday. Many bodies, hidden or dumped into the Red River;
were recovered and found to have been mutilated. In the end, only
nine men were arrested, and they were charged with the murder of
only one man. Among those arrested was William J. Cruikshank. In
2007 Lalita Tademy authored her novel “Red River" based on the
1882 Apr 13, An anti-Semitic
League formed in Prussia.
1883 Apr 13, Alfred Packer was
convicted of cannibalism. [see Aug, 1873]
1892 Apr 13, Arthur ("Bomber")
Harris, Marshal of the RAF, was born in Cheltenham.
1895 Apr 13, In San Francisco a
woman at the Emmanuel Baptist Church, on Bartlett St. between 22nd
and 23rd, discovered the stabbed and raped body of Minnie Williams
(21). Minnie was last seen with medical student Theodore Durrant the
night before. Police then found the body of Blanche Dumont in the
church belfry. Investigators said she had been strangled 10 days
earlier. Durrant was later convicted and hanged at San Quentin in
1898. The church was demolished in 1915.
(SFC, 10/18/12, p.C4)
1895 Apr 13, Start of Sherlock
Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist."
1899 Apr 13, Alfred Moser
Butts, inventor of the board game Scrabble, was born.
(HN, 4/13/98)(MC, 4/13/02)
1902 Apr 13, Philippe de
Rothschild, manager (Bordeaux Vineyard), was born in Paris.
1904 Apr 13, In Pensacola, Fl.,
an explosion on the US battleship Missouri killed 29 men and injured
5 men, of whom 2 died later.
(SFC, 4/15/06, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/6hkedu)
1906 Apr 13, Samuel Beckett
(d.1989), Irish (French) playwright, Nobel Prize winner in 1969,
(Waiting for Godot), was born. He settled in France and wrote in
French and then translated to English. Sometimes he reversed the
process. His work included “Act Without Words" (1956), “Happy Days"
(1960-61), “Rough for Theater II" (1976), “Catastrophe" (1982) and
“What’s There" (1983). Also the prose trilogy “Molloy," “Malone
Dies" and “The Unnamable." In 1996 James Knowlson wrote his study of
Beckett: “Damned to Fame: The Life of Samuel Beckett."
(V.D.-H.K.p.369)(SFEC, 10/27/96, BR p.5)(HN,
1906 Apr 13, An explosion on
the US battleship Kearsarge killed 7 men. The vessel was off Culebra
Island in the Caribbean Sea when the explosion in the forward turret
occurred. 2 more deaths were soon reported with 10 sailors in
(SFC, 4/15/06, p.A6)(SFC, 4/18/06, p.A15)
1906 Apr 13, There was a mutiny
on the Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos and Vasco da Gama.
1907 Apr 13, Harold E. Stassen
(d.2001), later 3-term governor, was born on a truck farm in W. St.
(SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)(MC, 4/13/02)
1909 Apr 13, Eudora Welty
(d.2001), Southern writer, was born in Jackson, Miss. Her books
included “Delta Wedding" and “The Optimist's Daughter" (1972). In
1998 Ann Waldron published "Eudora Welty: A Writer’s Life."
(SFEC, 11/22/98, BR p.4)(SFEC, 12/6/98, BR
1909 Apr 13, William Edgar Geil
(1865-1925), travel writer from Doylestown, Pa., returned to the US
following his 2nd trip to China. He had traveled 1800 miles along
the Great Wall of China gathering notes and photos, which he soon
published in a 393-page volume titled “The Great Wall of China."
(ON, 2/09, p.10)(http://tinyurl.com/dhtulo)
1909 Apr 13, In Turkey a
counter-coup, led by a certain Dervish Vahdeti, began Istanbul and
continued for a few days. It was put down by Hareket Ordusu (The
Army of Action) constituted with troops stationed in the Balkans,
which rapidly departed from Salonika. Among the officers who entered
the capital was a young captain named Mustafa Kemal. 74 soldiers
were killed in the incident. The “March 31" incidents actually
started on 13 April 1909, a day corresponding to 31 March 1325 in
the Rumi calendar in use at the time in Turkey for official
1911 Apr 13, Nino Sanzogno,
composer, was born.
1912 Apr 13, Royal Flying Corps
formed (later RAF).
1917 Apr 13, Howard Keel,
actor, singer (7 Brides for 7 Brothers, Kiss Me Kate), was born.
1917 Apr 13, Diamond Jim Brady
(b.1856), American financier, philanthropist and gourmand, died.
When his body was examined, doctors discovered that his stomach was
eight times larger than that of an average person.
1918 Apr 13, Electrical fire
killed 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital.
1918 Apr 13, The Soviet Wartime
and people’s commissariat issued an order to form Latvian Soviet
rifleman division. The commander in charge was Jukums Vacietis. It
was one of the first divisions in the Red Army.
1919 Apr 13, Madalyn Murray
O'Hair, American atheist (opposed prayer in school), was born.
1919 Apr 13, In the Amritsar
Massacre British forces under the command of General Reginald Dyer
killed hundreds of Indian nationalists in the thickly crowded plaza
at Jallianwala Bagh.
(HN, 4/13/98)(EWH, 4th ed., p.1101)
1922 Apr 13, John Gerard
Braine, British novelist (Room at the Top), was born.
1924 Apr 13, Stanley Donen,
film director, producer (Bedazzled, Damn Yankees), was born in SC.
1933 Apr 13, The first flight
over Mount Everest was completed by Lord Clydesdale.
1934 Apr 13, Some 4.7 million
US families were report to be receiving welfare payments.
1937 Apr 13, Edward Fox, actor
(M-Never Say Never Again, The Day of the Jackal), was born in
1937 Apr 13, Lanford Wilson, US
playwright (Hot L Baltimore), was born.
1939 Apr 13, Seamus Heaney,
Irish poet, Nobel laureate, was born.
1939 Apr 13, Paul Sorvino,
actor, was born.
1939 Apr 13, W. Saroyan's "My
Heart's in the Highlands," premiered in NYC.
1940 Apr 13, In the 2nd battle
of Narvik, 8 German destroyers were destroyed.
1941 Apr 13, Margaret Price,
soprano (Pamlina-Die Zauberflote), was born in Tredegar, Wales.
1941 Apr 13, German troops
captured Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Hitler soon installed Gen. Milan
Nedic as a quisling leader. Nedic proceeded to wipe out the Jewish
community of Serbia. In 1997 Philip Cohen wrote "Serbia's Secret
War: Propaganda and the Deceit of History."
(HN, 4/13/99)(WSJ, 5/7/99, p.A18)
1941 Apr 13, There was a heavy
German assault on Tobruk.
1941 Apr 13, A Russian-Japan
no-attack treaty went into effect.
1942 Apr 13, Bill Conti,
composer (For Your Eyes Only, Rocky IV), was born in Providence, RI.
1943 Apr 13, President
Roosevelt dedicated the Jefferson Memorial. It was designed by John
(AP, 4/13/97)(HN, 4/13/98)(WSJ, 9/21/00, p.A26)
1943 Apr 13, Nazi's discovered
a mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn. [see Apr 13, 1990]
1944 Apr 13, South Carolina
rejected black suffrage.
1944 Apr 13, Transport No. 71
departed with French Jews to Nazi Germany.
1945 Apr 13, US marines
conquered Minna Shima off Okinawa.
1945 Apr 13, Vienna fell to
1957 Apr 13, The
jury-deliberation movie drama "12 Angry Men," starring Henry Fonda,
opened in New York.
1957 Apr 13, Due to lack of
funds, Saturday mail delivery in US was temporarily halted.
1958 Apr 13, In the 12th Tony
Awards: Sunrise at Campobello and Music Man won.
1958 Apr 13, Van Cliburn became
the first American to win the Tchaikovsky International Piano
Contest in Moscow. Lev Vlasenko (1929-1996) took 2nd place.
(SFC, 7/6/96, p.E3)(TMC, 1994, p.1958)(SFC,
8/27/96, p.A17)(AP, 4/13/97)
1959 Apr 13, A Vatican edict
forbade Italian Roman Catholics from for voting for communists.
1959 Apr 13, Eduard A van
Beinum (57), Dutch musician, conductor, died.
1960 Apr 13, The first
navigational satellite was launched into Earth's orbit.
1961 Apr 13, "Carnival!" opened
at Imperial Theater in NYC for 719 performances.
1961 Apr 13, US Army Private
John A. Bennett was hanged after being convicted of rape and
attempted murder of an Austrian girl (11) in 1955.
1961 Apr 13, The U.N. General
Assembly condemned South Africa for apartheid.
1962 Apr 13, US steel industry
was forced to give up price increases.
1963 Apr 13, Gary Kimovich
Kasparov, world chess champion (1985-2000), was born in the USSR.
(MC, 4/13/02)(SFC, 1/16/04, p.D19)
1964 Apr 13, Sidney Poitier
became the first black performer in a leading role to win an Academy
Award Oscar for best actor for the movie "Lilies of the Field." In
the 36th Academy Awards "Tom Jones," Sidney Poitier & Patricia
(AP, 4/13/97)(HN, 4/13/98)(MC, 4/13/02)
1964 Apr 13, Ian D. Smith
became premier of Rhodesia. Smith was Premier of the British Colony
of Southern Rhodesia (13 Apr 1964 - 11 Nov 1965) and Prime Minister
of the Republic of Rhodesia (11 Nov 1965 - 1 Jun 1979).
(SFC, 5/15/00, p.A14)(MC, 4/13/02)
1965 Apr 13, Beatles recorded
1965 Apr 13, Lawrence Wallace
Bradford Jr. (16) was appointed by New York Republican Jacob Javits
to be the first black page of the US Senate.
1966 Apr 13, Pan Am placed a
$525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s. The 747 jumbo jet
revolutionized mass air transportation.
(MC, 4/13/02)(SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)
1970 Apr 13, Apollo 13,
four-fifths of the way to the moon, was crippled when a tank
containing liquid oxygen burst: "Houston, we've got a problem!" The
incident preventing a planned moon landing. The three-man crew
managed to return safely.
(AP, 4/13/97)(HN, 4/13/98)(HN, 4/13/99)
1970 Apr 13, Greek composer
Mikis Theodorakis (b.1925) was allowed to go into exile. His music
included the film score for Zorba the Greek (1964).
1972 Apr 13,
The first US Major League baseball strike ended after 13 days.
1973 Apr 13, Henry Darger
(b.1892), "outsider artist" and janitor, died in Chicago. He had
spent as many as 40 years working on a 15,000 page novel titled "The
Story of the Vivian Girls, in What Is Known as the Realms of the
Unreal, of the Glandeco-Angelinian War Storm, Caused by the Child
Slave Rebellion. He illustrated the work with some 300 watercolors
that were lifted and recomposed from popular sources. In 2002 John
MacGregor authored a 720-page study of Darger. In 2003 Jessica Wu
premiered her documentary film on Darger, “In the Realms of the
Unreal," at Sundance.
p.A14)(SFC, 12/18/04, p.E1)
1975 Apr 13, In Lebanon the
right-wing Christian Falange (Phalange) opened fire on a bus packed
with Palestinians in a low-income neighborhood after a drive-by
attack earlier in the day on a nearby church. The attacks killed 27
Palestinians and three Lebanese Christians. The ambush sparked a
civil war that lasted to 1990. The attack was made to avenge an
attempted assassination on Bashir Gemayel.
(SFEC, 4/13/97, p.T5)(AP, 4/12/05)(Econ,
1976 Apr 13, The US Federal
Reserve began issuing $2 bicentennial notes. The last $2 series was
discontinued in 1966 after low production and the concomitant
unpopularity of the bill resulted in insufficient use.
1976 Apr 13, In Morocco
Abdennaceur Bnouhachem's work as a left-wing student activist came
to an abrupt end when plain clothed security officers cornered him
in the street and bundled him into an unmarked van. He was tortured
and spent 9 years in prison. Years later he was awarded 1 million
dirhams ($114,500) for his ordeal, but said the money will not erase
1980 Apr 13, "Grease" closed at
Broadhurst Theater in NYC after 3,388 performances.
1980 Apr 13, The US Olympic
Committee voted to boycott the Summer Olympics in Moscow.
1981 Apr 13, Washington Post
reporter Janet Cooke received a Pulitzer Prize for her feature about
an 8-year-old heroin addict named "Jimmy." Cooke relinquished the
prize two days later, admitting she had fabricated the story.
1984 Apr 13, Pete Rose, playing
for the Montreal Expos, became the 1st NL baseball player to get
4,000 hits in a career, joining Ty Cobb to become only the second
player to enter the 4000 hit club.
1984 Apr 13, Christopher
Wilder, FBI's "most wanted man," accidentally killed himself.
1986 Apr 13, Pope John Paul II
visited a Rome synagogue and met with Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff in the
first recorded papal visit of its kind.
1986 Apr 13, Phillip Hallford
forced his daughter (15) to lure her boyfriend Eddie Shannon (16) to
an isolated area in Daly County, Alabama, where he shot and killed
the boy and threw his body off a bridge. Melinda Hallford was
pregnant at the time of the killing and had been sexually abused by
her father. In 2010 Hallford (63) was executed.
1987 Apr 13, Gary Hart
announced his bid for the 1988 Democratic presidential nomination.
1987 Apr 13, Ervin Nyiregyhazi
(b.1903), Hungarian-born pianist, died in Los Angeles. He had been a
child prodigy and arrived in the US in 1920, where he married 10
times and left behind over a 1000 largely unknown works. In 2007
Kevin Bazzana authored: “Lost Genius: The Story of a Forgotten
1987 Apr 13, Portugal signed an
agreement to return Macau to China in 1999.
1988 Apr 13, A commandeered
Kuwaiti jetliner took off from Cyprus for Algeria, after the
pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim hijackers on board freed 12 hostages.
1988 Apr 13, In South Africa
Aubrey Jabulani Ndaba, from the Pietermaritzburg area, and Oscar
Maleka, from Soweto, were working for the armed wing of the African
National Congress when they died in firefights with security forces.
In 2005 they became first of 477 missing people to be recovered.
1989 Apr 13, US House Speaker
Jim Wright delivered an emotional defense of his conduct against
ethics charges, declaring he would "fight to the last ounce of
conviction and energy" he possessed.
1990 Apr 13, The Soviet Union
accepted responsibility for the World War II murders of thousands of
imprisoned Polish officers in the Katyn Forest, a massacre the
Soviets had previously blamed on the Nazis.
1991 Apr 13, Speaking at
Maxwell Air Force Base in Montgomery, Alabama, President Bush warned
Iraq the United States would “not tolerate any interference" with
the international relief effort for Kurdish refugees.
1992 Apr 13, The Great Chicago
Flood took place as the city's century-old tunnel system and
adjacent basements filled with water from the Chicago River.
(SFC, 11/12/96, p.B2)(AP, 4/13/97)
1992 Apr 13, The opera “Life
With an Idiot" by Alfred Schnittke had its world premier at the
Netherlands Music Theater in Amsterdam.
(SFC, 8/5/93, p.A17)
1992 Apr 13, Crystal Pepsi
began test marketing in Providence, Denver and Dallas.
1992 Apr 13, Wallace Stegner
(b.1909), novelist (Pulitzer 1972), died in New Mexico.
1992 Apr 13, An earthquake
rocked Germany and the Netherlands.
1992 Apr 13, Nelson Mandela
announced he would seek a divorce from Winnie.
1993 Apr 13, Tom Stoppard's
"Arcadia," premiered in London.
1993 Apr 13, Pulitzer Prizes
were awarded to David McCullough for his biography "Truman," to
Robert Olen Butler for his collection of short stories "A Good Scent
from a Strange Mountain" and to Tony Kushner for his drama "Angels
in America: Millennium Approaches." The gold medal for public
service went to The Miami Herald for its Hurricane Andrew coverage.
1993 Apr 13, The day before a
visit by Pres. Bush, fourteen people were arrested in Kuwait for
plotting to assassinate him. Washington said the plot was organized
by Iraqi intelligence.
(SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1993 Apr 13, NATO forces began
combat patrols over Bosnia to enforce a UN ban on flights.
1994 April 13, A Palestinian
blew himself up on a bus in Hadera in central Israel. Six Israelis
were killed and 25 wounded. It was Hamas's 1st suicide bombing.
(WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97,
p.A8)(SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)
1994 Apr 13, In Rwanda two
Tutsi mothers and their four children were killed. In 2011 an
appeals court in The Netherlands sentenced Joseph Mpambara (43) to
life in prison for torture causing the deaths of the 2 mothers and 4
children. Mpambara had already been convicted on March 23, 2009.
1995 Apr 13, Bob Dornan became
the seventh GOP presidential contender.
1995 Apr 13, A federal appeals
court opened the way for Shannon Faulkner to become the first woman
to undergo military training at The Citadel.
1996 Apr 13, President Clinton
used his weekly radio address to call on Congress to pass an
anti-terrorist bill that had languished for a year despite a promise
of quick action after the Oklahoma City bombing.
1996 Apr 13, The Rosemary
Baptist Church in Barnwell, S.C., burned down. Arson was suspected
and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
(SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1996 Apr 13, James "Jimmy the
Gent" Burke (64), criminal, died in prison in NY state.
1996 Apr 13, Larry Wayne
Shoemaker, a white supremacist, shot 11 people and killed one before
committing suicide inside an abandoned restaurant in Jackson, Miss.
He left behind neo-Nazi notes.
(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A1)
1996 Apr 13-14, Representatives
of 55 nations met in Brussels and pledged to raise $1.2 billion for
the reconstruction of Bosnia. Serbs refused to attend as part of a
delegation with Muslims and Croats.
(WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)
1996 Apr 13, The annual
Canadian seal hunt in Newfoundland went out of control and some
16,500 seals were slaughtered instead of the 8,000 quota.
(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-15)
1996 Apr 13, The US agreed to
close the Futenma Air Station at Okinawa, Japan. The 1200 acre base
is surrounded by the densely populated city of Ginowan.
(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-8)
1996 Apr 13, In Lebanon
Hezbollah (Hizbullah) leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah warned of
retaliation following an Israeli aircraft attack.
(SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-8)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.47)
1996 Apr 13, George Mackay
Brown (b.1921), Scottish poet and novelist, died in his hometown of
Stromness, on the Orkney Mainland. In 2006 Maggie Ferguson authored
“George Mackay Brown: The Life."
(Econ, 6/3/06, p.81)(http://tinyurl.com/fdgky)
1997 Apr 13, Tiger Woods won
golf’s Masters Tournament by 12 strokes for a record 18-under-par
270 total score. He was the youngest (21) and first black winner of
(WSJ, 4/14/97, p.A1)(AP, 4/13/98)
1997 Apr 13, It was reported
that scientists had developed memory-retentive chips that preserve
data even with power shut off. The chips were expected to be
available in 2 years.
(SFEC, 4/13/97, p.B8)
1997 Apr 13, With tanks,
sharpshooters and thousands of police deployed to protect him, Pope
John Paul II preached forgiveness during a mass in Sarajevo.
1997 Apr 13, In Turkey a
military modernization program for $31 billion was announced to
reduce dependence on Western suppliers. Turkey’s standing army
numbered 639,000 men, 4,000 tanks, and 400 combat aircraft.
(WSJ, 4/14/97, p.A12)
1998 Apr 13, Bank of America
announced a $62.5 billion merger plan with NationsBank Corp. of
Charlotte, N.C. The country's first coast-to-coast bank would be
called BankAmerica Corp. with headquarters in Charlotte.
(SFC, 4/13/98, p.A1)(SFC, 4/14/98, p.A1)(AP,
1998 Apr 13, Banc One and First
Chicago NBD said they would unite in a $28.9 billion deal.
1998 Apr 13, A 500-pound steel
joint fell from the upper level of New York's Yankee Stadium,
crashing onto seats below. No fans were inside the park at the time.
1998 Apr 13, An Amtrak train
collided with Conrail freight cars near Pittsburgh and injured 20
(WSJ, 4/14/98, p.A1)
1998 Apr 13, In Algeria it was
reported that Muslim clerics ruled to allow women raped by Islamic
militants to have abortions.
(WSJ, 4/13/98, p.A1)
1998 Apr 13, In Nassau,
Bahamas, some 300 angry protestors faced 180 lesbian passengers on
the cruise ship SS Seabreeze chartered by Olivia Cruises and
(SFEC, 4/19/98, p.A26)
1998 Apr 13, In Tanzania it was
reported that at least 90 miners were feared dead after heavy rains
the previous week caused 14 pits to collapse near Arusha. They were
mining for tanzanite, a gem used in jewelry.
(WSJ, 4/13/98, p.A1)
1998 Apr 13, Turkish army
forces captured Semdin Sakik, a field commanded of the PKK,
Kurdistan Workers Party, in a secret raid in northern Iraq.
(SFC, 4/14/98, p.C12)
1999 Apr 13, The digital 3-D
opera, Monsters of Grace," by composer Philip Glass and director
Robert Wilson was scheduled to premier at UC Berkeley. The score was
set to English translation of love poems by the Sufi poet Rumi.
(SFEC, 4/11/99, DB p.13)
1999 Apr 13, In Michigan Judge
Jessica Cooper sentenced Dr. Kevorkian to 10-25 years in prison for
second-degree murder in the lethal injection of a Lou Gehrig's
disease patient. He planned to appeal the sentence which would
require him to serve over 6 years before being eligible for parole.
(SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)(AP, 4/13/00)
1999 Apr 13, NATO bombs were
dropped on Pristina. Yugoslav infantry troops crossed into
northeastern Albania for a short time and clashed with Albanian
border police. Refugees in Albania reported gang-rapes and murders
by Serbian soldiers.
(SFC, 4/14/99, p.A1,13)
1999 Apr 13, In Chile Alejandra
Matus, author, launched her new book "The Black Book of Chilean
Justice." Police confiscated the books the next day and Matus fled
the country to Argentina.
(SFEC, 5/2/99, p.A26)
1999 Apr 13, In Colombia rebels
released 6 of 46 hostages from a commandeered Avianca airplane.
(SFC, 4/14/99, p.A14)
1999 Apr 13, In Malaysia Anwar
Ibrahim was convicted on 4 charges of corruption by High Court Judge
Augustine Paul. He was sentenced to 6 years on each charge with the
sentences to run concurrently.
(SFC, 4/14/99, p.A14)
1999 Apr 13, Pakistan
test-fired a ballistic missile, the Ghauri II, at Dina. It was
reported to have a range of 1200 miles.
(SFC, 4/14/99, p.A14)
2000 Apr 13, President Clinton,
during a question-and-answer session with newspaper editors,
heatedly said “I’m not ashamed" about being impeached and “I’m not
interested" in being pardoned for any alleged crimes in the Monica
Lewinsky scandal and Whitewater investigation.
2000 Apr 13, US drug agents
arrested at least 45 people in a Jamaican-led marijuana ring that
bribed FedEx workers to distribute the drug for East Coast markets.
22 of those arrested were FedEx employees.
(WSJ, 4/14/00, p.A1)
2000 Apr 13, The heavy metal
rock group Metallica filed suit against Napster for copyright
infringement and racketeering.
(WSJ, 9/9/03, p.B1)
2000 Apr 13, Terayon
Communications shareholders sued the company for securities fraud.
Shareholders included Edward Rose III of Dallas, short seller and
founder of Cardinal Investment Co. Rose and George W. Bush partnered
in the 1989 bid for the Texas Rangers.
(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A20)
2000 Apr 13, Giorgio Bassani,
Italian author, died at age 84. His books included “The Garden of
(SFC, 4/14/00, p.D5)
2000 Apr 13, In Mexico 7 people
died in a train carrying illegal immigrants from Central America in
a bid to enter the US. 46 people were hospitalized from suffocating
(WSJ, 4/14/00, p.A10)
2000 Apr 13, In South Korea
election results gave 115 seats to the ruling Millennium Democratic
Party of Pres. Kin Dae Jung. The opposition Grand National Party won
(SFC, 4/14/00, p.A21)
2000 Apr 13, In Zimbabwe acting
Pres. Joseph Msika called for an end to squatter invasions of
white-owned farms after the high court ruled that police must comply
with an order to remove liberation war veterans and other government
supporters occupying the farms. Pres. Mugabe was visiting Cuba for a
summit of developing nations. Mugabe repudiated Msika’s order on his
(SFC, 4/14/00, p.A20)(WSJ, 4/17/00, p.A1)
2001 Apr 13, With the crew of a
U.S. spy plane safely back in the United States, American officials
gave their detailed version of what happened when the plane collided
with a Chinese fighter on April 1; the United States said its plane
was struck by the jet. China maintained that the U.S. plane rammed
2001 Apr 13, It was reported
that new evidence from ocean surveys supported the idea of global
warming due to “greenhouse gases."
(SFC, 4/13/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 13, In China a 5.9
earthquake hit Yunan province and at least 7 people were killed.
42,000 homes were destroyed in the Shidian area.
(SFC, 4/21/01, p.A24)
2001 Apr 13, In France up to
15,000 people were evacuated from the region of Vimy due to fears of
explosions from a World War I bomb storage site.
(SFC, 4/14/01, p.A8)
2002 Apr 13, In Kentucky
Sheriff Sam Catron (48) was killed during a political rally in
Shopville. Danny Shelley (30) was soon arrested after crashing a
motorcycle that belonged to Jeff Morris (34), a political opponent
to Catron. Morris and a campaign worker were later charged with
complicity to murder.
(SFC, 4/15/02, p.A10)(SFC, 4/16/02, p.A4)
2002 Apr 13, The Eritrea
Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC), established to determine the
new border, released its report. The UN panel ruled in favor of
Ethiopia on all territory contested with Eritrea, but Ethiopia
contested some of the commission's decisions.
2002 Apr 13, Yasser Arafat
issued a statement condemning terrorism and planned to meet with
Colin Powell the next day. Hamas declared it had no intention of
(SSFC, 4/14/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 13, In Saudi Arabia
Ghazi Algosaibi, Saudi ambassador to Britain, published a poem in
the Saudi daily Al Hayat titled “The Martyrs," in praise of
Ayat Akhras, the Mar 29 Palestinian suicide bomber.
(SFC, 4/16/02, p.A9)
2002 Apr 13, In Venezuela Hugo
Chavez returned to the presidency as Pedro Carmona resigned
following large protests in Caracas with dozens reported killed.
Caracas mayor Alfredo Pena said at least 9 people were killed in
rioting and looting.
(SSFC, 4/14/02, p.1,20)
2003 Apr 13, In the 25th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops pushed into Tikrit. Marines found
7 missing US troops on the road between Baghdad and Tikrit. Army
engineers worked to help restore electricity in Baghdad. US-led
forces announced the capture of Watban Ibrahim Hasan, a half brother
of and adviser to Saddam Hussein.
(AP, 4/13/03)(AP, 4/13/08)
2003 Apr 13, In northern Greece
a bus carrying high school students crashed on a mountain road,
killing 21 people and injuring about 30 others.
2003 Apr 13, Israel’s PM Ariel
Sharon in a published interview said Israel will hand over some
Jewish settlements for peace, but the Palestinians must give up
their demand that refugees be allowed to return to their former
2003 Apr 13, In the southern
Philippines some 40 Moro Islamic Liberation Front fighters attacked
soldiers in Barira. The fire fight left 12 guerrillas and possibly 3
(SFC, 4/15/03, p.A5)
2003 Apr 13, In Columbus, Ohio,
a fire at a student-rented house left 5 people dead.
(SFC, 4/14/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 13, The environmental
Goldman Prize winners included Pedro Arroyo-Agudo (Spain); Von
Hernandez (Philippines); Odigha Odigha (Nigeria); Eileen Wani
Wingfield and Eileen Kampakuta (Australia); Julia Bonds (US); Maria
Elena Foronda Farro (Peru).
(SFC, 4/14/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 13, Mike Weir became
the first Canadian to win the Masters after the first sudden-death
playoff in 13 years.
2003 Apr 13, In northern Greece
a bus carrying high school students crashed on a mountain road,
killing 21 people and injuring about 30 others.
2003 Apr 13, In the 26th day of
Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops pushed into Tikrit. Army engineers
worked to help restore electricity in Baghdad. US-led forces
announced the capture of Watban Ibrahim Hasan, a half-brother of and
adviser to Saddam Hussein. After three weeks of captivity, seven US
POW's, including Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, were released by
Iraqi troops near Tikrit, Iraq.
2003 Apr 13, Israel's PM Ariel
Sharon in a published interview said Israel will hand over some
Jewish settlements for peace, but the Palestinians must give up
their demand that refugees be allowed to return to their former
2003 Apr 13, In the southern
Philippines some 40 Moro Islamic Liberation Front fighters attacked
soldiers in Barira. The firefight left 12 guerrillas and possibly 3
(SFC, 4/15/03, p.A5)
2004 Apr 13, Barry Bonds hit
his 661st homer, passing Willie Mays to take sole possession of
third place on baseball's career list.
2004 Apr 13, Swimmer Michael
Phelps won the 2003 Sullivan Award as the nation's top amateur
2004 Apr 13, Pres. Bush
defended his Iraq policy, vowed no retreat and conceded the need for
UN help in a televised press conference.
(SFC, 4/14/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/14/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 13, Attorney Gen'l.
Ashcroft, speaking at the hearings on 9/11, placed much of the blame
for terrorist successes on budgetary and investigatory constraints
inherited from the Clinton administration.
(WSJ, 4/14/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 13, The FDA approved a
clinical trial by Cyberkinetics on implants in humans for a
(SFC, 4/14/04, p.C8)
2004 Apr 13, Brazil's 10,000
federal customs agents began a 4-day strike, threatening to tie up
the nation's ports and international airports unless the government
grants them a pay raise.
2004 Apr 13, Authorities in
Shanghai announced that divorced couples who remarry will be allowed
to have a second child.
2004 Apr 13, Cuba agreed to buy
$13 million in food from American companies and reached a tentative
deal for up to $10 million in farm goods from California.
2004 Apr 13, Hungarian
authorities said they arrested three Arabs who were plotting to
assassinate visiting Israeli President Moshe Katsav.
2004 Apr 13, A 2,500-strong
U.S. force, backed by tanks and artillery, pushed to the outskirts
of the Shiite holy city of Najaf for a showdown with a radical
cleric. One soldier was killed enroute. US forces in Fallujah killed
over 100 insurgents.
(AP, 4/13/04)(SFC, 4/15/04, p.A17)
2004 Apr 13, Four Italians
working as private security guards for a U.S. company in Iraq were
reported missing, and an Arab satellite TV broadcaster said they
were kidnapped by insurgents.
2004 Apr 13, In Saudi Arabia
militants near Unaizah opened fire on a police checkpoint at dawn,
killing four police officers and fleeing in security agents' cars.
2005 Apr 13, Eric Rudolph
pleaded guilty to carrying out the deadly bombing at the 1996
Atlanta Olympics and three other attacks in back-to-back court
appearances in Birmingham, Ala., and Atlanta.
2005 Apr 13, US Gymnast Paul
Hamm received the 75th Sullivan Award as the nation's top amateur
2005 Apr 13, National
Geographic and IBM Corp. announced a project to collect DNA samples
from people around the globe to trace the routes of human migration.
(SFC, 4/13/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 13, Johnie Johnson
(b.1924), pianist who worked with Chuck Berry, died in St. Louis.
Johnson had initially hired Berry as a replacement in his
(SFC, 4/16/05, p.B4)
2005 Apr 13, Algerian Islamic
militants killed five people, including three security force
members, and injured eight others in attacks ahead of an expected
2005 Apr 13, Australia’s Mining
giant BHP Billiton said it had won a 71.5% rise in iron ore prices
with a number of its steel customers.
2005 Apr 13, Top border
officials of India and Bangladesh meet in Dhaka to discuss thorny
issues including New Delhi's plan to fence off the frontier and
Dhaka's claim that India harbors Bangladeshi militants.
2005 Apr 13, Britain and India
agreed to more than double the number of flights between the two
nations, opening up dozens of lucrative new routes for airlines.
2005 Apr 13, In England Kamel
Bourgass (31) of Algeria, captured in Jan 2003, was sentenced to 17
years in jail for planning attacks using ricin, cyanide and other
poisons. He is already serving a life sentence for the murder of
policeman Stephen Oake. 8 others arrested in the case were acquitted
or not brought to trial.
(AP, 4/14/05)(SFC, 4/14/05, p.A3)
2005 Apr 13, The European
Parliament approved the entry of Bulgaria and Romania into the EU in
2007, but it said both countries still need to carry out necessary
2005 Apr 13, Al-Jazeera showed
video of Jeffrey Ake, who the US Embassy said appeared to be the
American kidnapped earlier this week in Baghdad. A bomb exploded
while being defused near a Kirkuk pipeline and 11 members of the
Facilities Protection Service were killed. A suicide bomber killed 5
Iraqis when he drove his car into a US convoy down Baghdad’s airport
road. 4 US contract workers were injured.
(AP, 4/13/05)(SFC, 4/14/05, p.A3)
2005 Apr 13, Italian regulator
Consob said it has approved a bid by Spanish bank Banco Bilbao
Vizcaya Argentaria SA for Italy's Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, in
what would become the euro zone's largest cross-border banking
2005 Apr 13, Japan and India
took a first step to a possible free trade deal with an agreement to
spend a year looking at the effects of a pact on the two major Asian
2005 Apr 13, Lebanon’s
pro-Syrian premier quit for the 2nd time in 6 weeks.
(WSJ, 4/14/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 13, In Nepal
businesses reopened and traffic resumed on major highways after an
11-day general strike called by communist rebels that crippled life
across the kingdom. The student wing of Maoist rebels demanded all
private schools shut down indefinitely.
2005 Apr 13, Norway’s Statoil
ASA announced oil exploration drilling from the offshore rig Eirik
Raude has been shut down after its 3rd spill into ecologically
fragile Arctic waters in just over two months.
2005 Apr 13, The UN approved a
global treaty aimed at preventing nuclear terrorism by making it a
crime for would-be terrorists to possess or threaten to use nuclear
2005 Apr 13, Zimbabwe state
radio reported President Robert Mugabe's government has acquired six
fighter jets "to deal with any challenges." The aircraft appeared to
be the K-8 advanced jet trainer, a Chinese copy of the British
Aerospace BAE "Hawk." Zimbabwe's opposition released a dossier to
back claims that last month's elections were rigged to hand victory
to President Robert Mugabe's ruling party.
2006 Apr 13, Two more retired
US generals called for Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld to resign,
bringing the total to 6 this month, claiming the chief architect of
the Iraq war and subsequent American occupation should be held
accountable for the chaos there.
(Reuters, 4/14/06)(WSJ, 4/14/06, p.A1)
2006 Apr 13, Confessed al-Qaida
conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui expressed no remorse for his role in
the Sept. 11 attacks as he took the stand for the second time in his
death-penalty trial in Alexandria, Va.
2006 Apr 13, In California an
independent task force issued a 29-page report faulting UC
executives and the Board of Regents for lack of oversight in pay
practices and the use of public funds.
(SFC, 4/14/06, p.A1)
2006 Apr 13, The Nebraska
Legislature voted to divide the Omaha school system into 3
districts, one mostly black, one mostly white, and one largely
Hispanic. Gov. Dave Heineman signed the measure into law, effective
(SFC, 4/14/06, p.A3)
2006 Apr 13, It was reported
that Iowa had counted at least 515 cases of mumps this year, where
it had previously averaged 5 cases per year. Another 100 cases were
reported in Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Indiana,
Michigan, Missouri and Illinois.
(SFC, 4/1/06, p.A3)(SFC, 4/12/06, p.A14)
2006 Apr 13, In Tennessee’s
Cherokee National Forest a black bear killed a 6-year-old girl and
critically injured her mother and 2-year-old brother.
2006 Apr 13, European
scientists released new photos of Venus’ south pole from the
orbiting Venus Express spacecraft. The images revealed a mass of
sulfuric acid clouds swirling in 220 mph winds.
(SFC, 4/14/06, p.A2)
2006 Apr 13, A military court
convicted a British air force doctor of disobeying orders and
sentenced him to eight months in prison after he called the Iraq war
illegal and refused to return for a third tour of duty.
2006 Apr 13, The Danube reached
record-high levels in Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia, flooding fertile
farmland as authorities in southeastern Europe considered ordering
2006 Apr 13, In Chad government
troops using tanks and attack helicopters repelled a rebel assault
on N’Djamena, Chad's capital. At least 100 rebels were killed.
President Deby went on state-run radio to assure residents he
remained in control, and he blamed Sudan, whose Darfur crisis has
spilled over into his country.
(AP, 4/13/06)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.50)
2006 Apr 13, China's
controversial choice for a Tibetan holy figure made his first major
appearance before an international audience, saying Tibetan
Buddhists should be patriotic and "defend the nation."
2006 Apr 13, Chinese
Vice-President Zeng Qinghong met with Lithuanian Foreign Minister
Antanas Valionis in Beijing. Zeng said the relations between China
and Lithuania are developing smoothly with frequent high-level
contacts and fruitful cooperation in economic and cultural sectors.
2006 Apr 13, In western
Colombia mudslides roared down on settlements, killing at least 10
people, leaving dozens missing and blocking a key highway to the
2006 Apr 13, Bayer AG made its
official takeover bid for fellow German drugmaker Schering AG,
offering 16.5 billion euros ($20.01 billion), slightly more than its
previous 16.3 billion euro ($19.76 billion) offer that Schering's
board had recommended be accepted.
2006 Apr 13, In India
distraught fans smashed cars, burned buses and battled with police
in the southern Indian city of Bangalore after they were prevented
from seeing the body of Raj Kumar (77), an Indian film icon who died
2006 Apr 13, In Indonesia
police asked Playboy magazine to stop publishing its Indonesian
edition out of fears it could enrage Muslims. Officials of the
publication said they were considering the request.
2006 Apr 13, Al-Qaida's deputy
leader Ayman al-Zawahri urged all Muslims to support insurgents
fighting in Iraq "for the dignity of Islam" and said the "enemy has
begun to falter," according to a video posted on the Internet.
2006 Apr 13, In Iraq dozens of
policemen were missing and some 20-30 were dead after insurgents
ambushed a police convoy near a US base. By the next day only 35 of
80 policemen had returned to Najaf, after picking up new vehicles at
the US base of Taji. In western Iraq 2 US Marines were killed and 22
wounded two of them critically, in fighting in Anbar province.
(AP, 4/14/06)(SFC, 4/15/06, p.A3)
2006 Apr 13, Dame Muriel Spark
(b.1918) died in Tuscany, Italy. Her spare and humorous novels made
her one of the most admired British writers of the post World War II
years. Her work of 23 novels, included the autobiographical "The
Prime of Miss Jean Brodie" (1961), which was later adapted for a
Broadway hit (1966) and a movie. In 2010 Martin Stannard authored
“Muriel Spark: The Biography."
(AP, 4/15/06)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.83)(SFC, 6/12/10,
2006 Apr 13, In Jordan security
forces stormed a prison to put down a riot after inmates claimed
they had taken two policemen hostage. One prisoner was killed in the
clashes while 15 police and 20 inmates were injured.
2006 Apr 13, In Nepal police
fired rubber bullets and tear gas on hundreds of lawyers protesting
in Katmandu, the eighth day of pro-democracy demonstrations.
2006 Apr 13, In Russia a group
of young men beat inhabitants with metal bars, killing a man and a
woman and leaving an 80-year-old woman and a 14-year-old girl
gravely wounded. 9 people were later arrested in connection with the
attack on the Roma camp in the southern Volgograd region.
2006 Apr 13, The three parties
that were central to Ukraine's Orange Revolution signed a protocol
aimed at advancing the formation of a coalition government and
ending their wrangling after last month's elections.
2007 Apr 13, In Delaware a
special committee of the board of directors of Computer Associates
accused founder and former chairman Charles Wang of directing and
participating in fraudulent accounting during the 1980s and 1990s,
which the US government had described as totaling $2.2 billion.
(WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A1)
2007 Apr 13, Google said that
it will purchase DoubleClick, an Internet services company, for $3.1
(WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A3)
2007 Apr 13, In NYC lawyer
Moshe Kanovsky (31) leaped to his death from the 69th floor of the
Empire State Building. At least 30 people have jumped from the
Empire State Building since it opened in 1931.
(SFC, 4/14/07, p.A3)
2007 Apr 13, In SF Mayor Newsom
brokered an agreement to ban cars from Golden Gate Park’s main road
for 6 months of the year and to make permanent a Sunday ban for a
smaller area. The deal still required approval from the board of
(SFC, 4/14/07, p.B1)
2007 Apr 13, A firefight in
southern Afghanistan killed one NATO soldier and wounded two others.
Eight suspected insurgents were killed by British forces west of
Basra. The suspects had been planting bombs in the path of a British
(AP, 4/13/07)(AP, 4/14/07)
2007 Apr 13, Australia’s PM
John Howard said that people with HIV should not be allowed to
migrate to Australia, and that the government was investigating
whether it could tighten existing restrictions.
2007 Apr 13, An Austrian bank
recently bought by a US-led consortium acknowledged it told a
Cuban-born client to take her business elsewhere and suggested that
Washington's ban on commerce with Cuba was behind the decision.
2007 Apr 13, Federal police in
Brazil arrested the chief organizer of Rio's carnival parade, a
federal judge and a prosecutor in a crack-down on illegal gaming and
2007 Apr 13, A leading rebel in
the Central African Republic said he would be signing a peace deal
with President Francois Bozize in the northeastern town of Birao.
2007 Apr 13, Prominent Chinese
environmental activist Wu Lihong (39) was arrested for alleged
blackmail. Lihong has campaigned for years against the pollution of
Tai Lake which lies in the center of Yangtze Delta plain, a region
known for its natural beauty but littered with polluting light
industry and chemical factories. In August Lihong was sentenced to 3
years in prison for fraud and blackmail.
(AFP, 4/23/07)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.49)
2007 Apr 13, Iraq's parliament
met in an extraordinary session on a Friday, the Muslim day of
prayer, and declared it would not bow to terrorism; a bouquet of red
roses and a white lily sat in the place of a lawmaker killed in a
parliament dining hall suicide bombing. A roadside bomb killed one
policeman and wounded four others in southern Baghdad. US forces
captured 14 suspected al-Qaida in Iraq members in raids.
(AP, 4/13/07)(AP, 4/13/08)
2007 Apr 13, In Malaysia the
Negeri Sembilan state government closed down a museum exhibition on
ghosts, ghouls and supernatural beings after Islamic clerics claimed
it was detrimental to Muslims' faith.
2007 Apr 13, In Nigeria gunmen
shot dead a radical Muslim cleric in his mosque and fired on the
congregation, killing two more people, in the northern city of Kano.
2007 Apr 13, Protesters burned
an effigy of President Gen. Pervez Musharraf and demanded his
resignation, as thousands rallied across Pakistan during a court
hearing for a top judge removed by the government.
2007 Apr 13, Five European
countries and the European Commission signed an accord on under
which they will give 5.2 million dollars for administrative reforms
within the Palestinian presidency.
2007 Apr 13, Former President
Alejandro Toledo returned to Peru to visit his ailing sister and
face accusations that he forged signatures nearly a decade ago to
get his party on the 2000 presidential ballot.
2007 Apr 13, Muslim rebels
fired mortar bombs on a Philippines marine base in the southern
island of Jolo, killing two soldiers and a child.
2007 Apr 13, Boris Berezovsky,
the exiled Russian tycoon who has emerged as one of the Kremlin's
most vocal opponents, called for the use of force to oust President
Vladimir Putin and claimed he has support from some in the country's
political elite. In response, Russia's chief prosecutor opened a
criminal case against Berezovsky on charges of plotting a coup.
Britain, granted Berezovsky refugee status in 2003.
2007 Apr 13, In Tanzania the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) ordered that
Michel Bagaragaza, the former head of Rwanda's national tea
industry, be tried by a court in the Netherlands. He was accused of
involvement in Rwanda’s 1994 mass slaughter. In Sep, 2009,
Bagaragaza (64) pleaded guilty to complicity in the slaughter. In
Nov he was sentenced to 8 years in prison.
(AFP, 4/13/07)(AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 11/5/09)
2007 Apr 13, African health
ministers meeting in South Africa adopted a health strategy to deal
with the host of diseases on the continent, a dearth of health
workers and failing health systems.
2007 Apr 13, A landmine killed
nine Sudanese army soldiers and wounded 11 on Sudan's eastern border
2007 Apr 13, Benedict XVI
published “Jesus of Nazareth," his first book as pope. It offered a
very personal meditation on the early years of Christ's life and
teachings criticized the "cruelty" of capitalism and colonialism and
the power of the wealthy over the poor. A second installment,
released in 2011, concerned the final part of Christ's life, his
death and resurrection.
(AP, 4/13/07)(AP, 3/2/11)
2008 Apr 13, The World Bank,
IMF and G7 ended three days of meetings eliciting calls for economic
coordination but no joint emergency plan.
(WSJ, 4/14/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 13, The winners of
this year’s Goldman Awards were reported to be: Feliciano dos Santos
(43) of Mozambique, the director of Estamos, an environmental group
promoting sanitation, sustainable development and reforestation;
Marina Rikhvanova (46), founder of Baikal Environmental Wave, which
forced the rerouting of an oil pipeline in the Baikal basin; Pablo
Fajardo (35) and Luis Yanza (48) of Ecuador, co-founders of the
Amazon Defense Front, which accused Texaco (now Chevron) of dumping
oil and wastewater into local streams; Rosa Hilda Ramos (63) of
Puerto Rico, head of a movement to protect the Las Cicharillas
Marsh; Ignace Schops (43) of Belgium, head of a movement to
establish Belgium’s 1st and only national park; Jesus Leon (42) of
Mexico, co-founder of the Center for Integral Small Farmer
Development of the Mixtec (CEDICAM).
(SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A4)
2008 Apr 13, In Afghanistan
Taliban militants ambushed a police truck, killing four officers and
wounding 7 in Helmand province. Taliban militants attacked a group
of police officers sleeping on the mud floor of an isolated roadside
checkpoint, killing 11. The two soldiers from Afghanistan's
47,000-strong NATO-led force were killed and two wounded in an
explosion in the south.
(AP, 4/13/08)(AP, 4/14/08)(Reuters, 4/14/08)
2008 Apr 13, Australia’s PM
Kevin Rudd named Queensland governor Quentin Bryce as the next
governor-general, the first woman to act as the British queen's
representative in the country.
2008 Apr 13, In Brazil armed
men firing from pickup trucks and flying in a helicopter attacked a
maximum-security prison holding some of Brazil's highest-profile
inmates but were repelled by guards in Campo Grande, the state
capital of Mato Grosso do Sul.
2008 Apr 13, Bulgaria's
powerful Interior Minister Rumen Petkov resigned amid a snowballing
corruption scandal that exposed links between top crime-busters and
2008 Apr 13, Ethiopians voted
in a first round of elections that the main opposition coalition
boycotted to protest alleged intimidation by ruling party officials.
2008 Apr 13, In Hong Kong the
historical epic "The Warlords" dominated the Hong Kong Film Awards
scooping 8 gongs including best film and best actor in martial arts
star Jet Li.
2008 Apr 13, In eastern India
Biranchi Das (40), the controversial coach of a young boy who ran a
marathon in an attempt to set a world record, was shot dead. Also in
eastern India Naxalite rebels fatally shot five policemen and a
luggage porter and seriously wounded two others in an attack on a
2008 Apr 13, Officials said the
Iraqi government has dismissed about 1,300 soldiers and policemen
who deserted or refused to fight during last month's offensive
against Shiite militias and criminal gangs in Basra. Gunmen in Basra
assassinated police Maj. Ali Haider, a commander in the department's
serious crimes directorate. Militants firing rocket-propelled
grenades ambushed an American patrol in eastern Baghdad. Fire from
armed helicopters and an Abrams tank repulsed the attack, killing
six of the gunmen. US soldiers discovered a mass grave near
Muqdadiyah, which contained 20 to 30 badly decomposed bodies that
appeared to have been buried nearly eight months. 2 US Marines were
killed by a roadside bomb in Anbar province.
(AP, 4/13/08)(AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/16/08)
2008 Apr 13, Italians went to
the polls in general elections likely to return conservative Silvio
Berlusconi to the prime minister's office for a third time at the
expense of new centre-left flagbearer Walter Veltroni.
2008 Apr 13, Kenya’s President
Mwai Kibaki named rival Raila Odinga as prime minister, implementing
a power-sharing deal after protracted negotiations over the
agreement they signed more than a month ago.
2008 Apr 13, Election officials
said Nepal's Maoists had extended a stunning early lead in historic
polls, as vote counting continued.
2008 Apr 13, Palestinian
medical officials said 3 people died in an explosion in a house in
the Gaza Strip. They said the blast likely resulted from the
accidental detonation of explosives.
2008 Apr 13, Khasan Yandiyev
(51), a top judge in Russia's southern troubled province of
Ingushetia, was shot dead. He had led trials of Islamic rebels.
2008 Apr 13, The Saudi Arabia
beheaded two Nigerian men convicted of smuggling cocaine into the
kingdom. 42 people have been beheaded this year, according to an AP
2008 Apr 13, In Somalia
suspected Islamist insurgents dragged two British nationals and two
Kenyans out of their home in Beledweyn and killed them.
2008 Apr 13, In South Africa 2
Americans and a Norwegian tourist on a shark cage diving adventure
drowned when their boat was hit by a freak wave.
2008 Apr 13, South Korea's
government confirmed a fourth outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus in
the country's southwest, as the tally of birds slaughtered to
control the spread of the disease rose to 1.3 million.
2008 Apr 13, Sri Lanka marked
its traditional new year with security forces and Tamil separatists
locked in fierce combat resulting in heavy losses on both sides.
Defense officials said at least 87 guerrillas had been killed in the
last 24 hours. Security forces smashed through defenses of Tamil
separatists, killing at least five rebels.
(AFP, 4/13/08)(AFP, 4/14/08)
2008 Apr 13, In Tanzania about
1,000 people cheered and marched with a team of 80 athletes and a
Cabinet minister participating in the Olympic torch relay, the
flame's only stop in Africa.
2008 Apr 13, Venezuelan
President Hugo Chavez said his government is working to create a
NATO-like South America defense council along with Brazil and other
2008 Apr 13, In Zambia African
leaders ended an emergency meeting of the Southern African
Development Community and called for the swift verification of the
Zimbabwe voting results in the presence of all parties. The
declaration fell far short of opposition calls for neighboring
leaders to pressure President Robert Mugabe to step down after 28
years in power.
(AP, 4/13/08)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.53)
2009 Apr 13, Pres. Obama eased
curbs on Cuba travel and money transfers. A broader economic embargo
introduced by Pres. Kennedy in 1962 remained in place.
(WSJ, 4/13/09, p.A1)
2009 Apr 13, In California a
jury found Phil Spector (69), former rock-n-roll producer, guilty of
second-degree murder in the 2003 shooting death of actress Lana
2009 Apr 13, In Minnesota’s
Senate race a unanimous three-judge panel ruled in favor of Democrat
Al Franken, but former Republican Sen. Norm Coleman swiftly
announced he would take his fight to the state Supreme Court. After
a statewide recount and seven-week trial, Franken stood 312 votes
2009 Apr 13, Afghan officials
said an overnight NATO-led airstrike on a remote village killed six
civilians, including two children. Western forces said they killed
4-8 armed militants. In southern Afghanistan Taliban gunmen used a
firing squad to kill a young couple for trying to elope, shooting
them with rifles in front of a crowd in a lawless,
militant-controlled region. A young woman Canadian soldier was
killed in southern Afghanistan and four other soldiers were wounded
when their armored vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
(Reuters, 4/13/09)(AP, 4/14/09)(WSJ, 4/14/09,
2009 Apr 13, Algeria’s
constitutional council officially declared Abdelaziz Bouteflika
re-elected as president of Algeria for a third mandate with 90.23%
of the vote on a turnout of 74.56%.
2009 Apr 13, China released its
first human rights action plan, pledging to improve the treatment of
minorities and do more to prevent the torture of detainees but said
that raising living standards would remain a central goal.
2009 Apr 13, It was reported
that Egypt has cracked a major Hezbollah network and arrested 49
Hezbollah members and sympathizers between November and January.
(WSJ, 4/13/09, p.A8)
2009 Apr 13, In France a
65-year-old man opened fire on three people apparently at random,
killing two. The man, who had holed up in a house in the town of
Douchy-les-Mines surrendered after the shootings.
2009 Apr 13, In India IJP
candidate Bahadur Sonkar (48) was found hanging from an acacia tree
in Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh state. Dhananjay Singh, a rival BSP
candidate and alleged gangster, was accused of Sonkar’s murder.
2009 Apr 13, In Iran Roxana
Saberi (31), an Iranian-American journalist, was convicted of spying
and soon sentenced to 8 years in jail. She was released from jail on
May 11 after an appeals court suspended her sentence.
2009 Apr 13, In Iraq an
American soldier was killed by an armor-piercing bomb south of
2009 Apr 13, In Lebanon gunmen
ambushed government troops in the east of the country, spraying
their military vehicle with gunfire and rocket-propelled grenades.
Four soldiers were killed and an officer was wounded in the attack.
2009 Apr 13, Mexico's Congress
opened a three-day debate on the merits of legalizing marijuana for
personal use, a policy backed by three former Latin American
presidents who warned that a crackdown on drug cartels is not
working. Mexican authorities arrested a woman guarding an arsenal
that included the first anti-aircraft machine gun seized in Mexico.
The army captured Ruben Granados Vargas, an alleged lieutenant for
the Beltran-Leyva drug cartel in the Pacific coast state of
(AP, 4/13/09)(AP, 4/14/09)
2009 Apr 13, In southern
Nigeria gunmen riding in 18 boats attacked a military houseboat
outside an oil facility and commandeered a naval vessel. The clashes
left nine militants and one naval rating dead.
(AP, 4/13/09)(AFP, 4/13/09)
2009 Apr 13, Pakistan’s Pres.
Asif Ali Zardari signed a bill imposing Islamic law in the Swat
Valley. Pakistan's Maritime Security Agency arrested 20 Indian
fishermen and seized their four boats for illegally trawling in its
waters in the Arabian Sea. Authorities estimated that more than 100
Pakistani fishermen languished in Indian jails while Indian
authorities say nearly 500 Indian fishermen were in Pakistani
prisons. Rehman Malik, Pakistan’s top civilian security official,
said authorities in Karachi have arrested a Shahid Jamil Riaz, a 5th
suspect in the November 2008 siege of Mumbai.
(WSJ, 4/14/09, p.A1)(AFP, 4/14/09)
2009 Apr 13, An unmanned
Palestinian fishing boat laden with hundreds of pounds of explosives
blew up off the coast of Gaza in what the Israeli military said was
an attempt to attack a naval patrol in the area.
2009 Apr 13, Paraguay’s Pres.
Fernando Lugo admitted that he is the father of a child conceived
while he was still a Catholic bishop in San Pedro.
(SFC, 4/14/09, p.A2)
2009 Apr 13, In Peru a foot
bridge in the highlands collapsed, sending dozens of children and
teachers from a nearby school plunging more than 230 feet (70
meters) into a ravine and killing 2 teachers and six schoolchildren.
2009 Apr 13, Poland's deadliest
fire in nearly 3 decades tore through a homeless shelter in the
northwest, killing 21 and forcing parents to toss children from
windows to rescuers.
2009 Apr 13, A Russian court
ruled that tycoon Alexander Lebedev's registration as a candidate in
the mayoral race in the Olympic city of Sochi is illegitimate.
2009 Apr 13, In Tajikistan an
independent audit was posted indicating that the chairman of the
Central Bank had diverted more than $850 million to a company run by
himself and his family. The Ernst & Young audit said that under
Murodali Alimardonov's stewardship, from 1996 to 2008, the Central
Bank paid about $856 million to his Credit-Invest company, a general
purpose investment concern. A further $221.5 million allocated for
investment in the cotton industry in 2004-2007 remained unaccounted
2009 Apr 13, Thai troops
unleashed volleys of gunfire in street battles with anti-government
protesters across Bangkok, forcing them back to their main rallying
site in a final push to end days of turmoil.
2009 Apr 13, The UN Security
Council unanimously condemned North Korea's April 5 rocket launch,
demanded an end to missile tests and said it will expand sanctions
against the reclusive communist nation.
2010 Apr 13, US officials said
President Barack Obama is reviving the NASA crew capsule concept
that he had canceled with the rest of the moon program earlier this
year, in a move that will mean more jobs and less reliance on the
Russians. The space capsule, called Orion, will go unmanned to the
International Space Station to stand by as an emergency vehicle to
return astronauts home.
2010 Apr 13, In Washington, DC,
the leaders of 47 nations agreed to a voluntary program to prevent
weapons-grade nuclear materials from falling into the hands of
(SFC, 4/14/10, p.A2)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.67)
2010 Apr 13, In the SF Bay Area
Parima Parineh (56) was killed at her Woodside home. She had a $31
million life insurance policy. May 23, 2013, her husband Pooroushasb
Parineh (67), was convicted of murder.
(SFC, 5/25/13, p.C2)
2010 Apr 13, Chilean Roman
Catholic priest Ricardo Munoz Quinteros (55) was charged with 8
cases of sexually abusing minors, including his own daughter.
(SFC, 4/15/10, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/y552yje)
2010 Apr 13, A top Chilean
executive, Roberto Baudrand (59), was found dead in his Havana
apartment after being detained by Cuban authorities investigating
his company, which is owned by a revolutionary-turned-businessman
and friend of Fidel Castro. Baudrand was general manager of
Alimentos Rio Zaza SA and served as point man in Cuba for business
leader Max Marambio.
2010 Apr 13, Ethiopian
authorities and the European Union signed accords allowing EU
observers to monitor May's general elections in the Horn of Africa
2010 Apr 13, First lady
Michelle Obama made a surprise visit to the ruins of the Haitian
capital, a high-profile reminder that hundreds of thousands remain
in desperate straits three months after the earthquake.
2010 Apr 13, Indian Sikhs
celebrated World Turban Day to demonstrate the importance of
retaining the headgear rather than adopting Western-style haircuts.
2010 Apr 13, In Indian Kashmir
one person was killed and 24 hurt during a strike to protest the
conviction of six Muslims, including a Kashmiri separatist, for a
1996 bombing in New Delhi.
2010 Apr 13, In India a cyclone
demolished ten of thousands of mud huts, killing 137 villagers in
the northeastern parts of West Bengal and Bihar states. Officials
later said more than 200,000 houses were fully or severely damaged
by the storm, which packed wind speeds of 120 kph (75 mph).
(AP, 4/14/10)(AP, 4/15/10)(AP, 4/22/10)
2010 Apr 13, In Iraq a bomb
planted inside a Baghdad liquor store killed three people and
2010 Apr 13, Israel's Supreme
Court permitted an Israeli-Arab author to travel to Lebanon to
receive a literary award. Ala Hlehel (35) was invited to the
Beirut39 Festival this week, but laws in enemy nations prevented him
from going. Hlehel is acclaimed for a collection of short stories
called "The Circus" and a play.
2010 Apr 13, Gaza's Hamas
rulers ordered residents to shut smuggling tunnels along the border
with Egypt indefinitely, cutting off the economic lifeline for 1.5
million Palestinians in the impoverished territory. An Israeli
spokesman said at least 2 Palestinian militants were killed and 2
wounded when Israeli troops shot at them as they tried to plant
explosives near the border.
(AP, 4/14/10)(SFC, 4/14/10, p.A2)
2010 Apr 13, Kyrgyzstan's
deposed president said he will resign if the interim authorities
guarantee his security, and the head of the security services said
he was ready to make such a promise. Kyrgyzstan's interim leader
said her government will extend the lease of a US air base key to
the war in Afghanistan.
2010 Apr 13, In northern Mexico
two soldiers and two gunmen died in a shootout. Soldiers patrolling
in the border state of Nuevo Leon gave chase to six suspicious cars
that crossed into neighboring Tamaulipas state, where a gunbattle
ensued in the town of Comales.
2010 Apr 13, Nicaragua removed
and destroyed its last anti-personnel mine. On June 22 the Geneva
International Center for Humanitarian Demining, or GICHD, said
Nicaragua has become the last country in Central America to clear
its territory of the banned weapon.
2010 Apr 13, Nigeria's
anti-corruption agency sought the arrest of Chief James Ibori, a
former governor of the oil-rich Delta State (1999-2007), suspected
of siphoning off millions of dollars of state assets. Hundreds of
Nigerian youths rallied in the commercial capital Lagos demanding
Acting President Goodluck Jonathan implement much needed electoral
reforms to ensure credible national polls next year.
(AFP, 4/13/10)(Reuters, 4/13/10)
2010 Apr 13, Norway’s Nokia
Corp. launched three less-expensive smart phones, including its
first model expected to sell for under euro100 ($135), in a strong
move to grab new customers in emerging markets.
2010 Apr 13, In the Philippines
Muslim militants disguised as policemen and soldiers detonated bombs
and opened fire in a series of coordinated attacks in southern in
Isabela city, triggering clashes that killed at least 13 people. The
death toll included three marines, a police officer and three
militants, including Bensar Indama, the brother of militant leader
Puruji Indama, whose body was found in a police uniform.
(AP, 4/13/10)(AP, 4/14/10)
2010 Apr 13, Somali radio
stations stopped playing music after hardline militants called it
un-Islamic and ordered stations to take songs off the air. Somalis
in Mogadishu could still listen to music on two stations: one that
the government controls and another funded by the UN.
2010 Apr 13, Sudanese trickled
into polling stations following a two-day extension of the vote
aimed at making up for a chaotic start to the country's first
competitive election in over two decades.
2010 Apr 13, Zimbabwe's
government withdrew a controversial law that would have seen foreign
firms forced to cede 51 percent of their shares to locals.
2010 Apr 13, In Zimbabwe at
least 25 people were burned to death and two dozen others injured
when a bus collided with a truck laden with fertilizer on a highway
in the northwest.
2011 Apr 13, The US federal
government ordered 16 of the nation's largest mortgage lenders and
servicers to reimburse homeowners who were improperly foreclosed
2011 Apr 13, The US Justice
Dept. and FBI said they have seized computers and filed a civil
complaint in a bid to disable a malicious botnet system called
Coreflood, which has operated for nearly a decade stealing personal
passwords and private financial information. The civil complaint was
against 13 John Doe defendants related to the Coreflood botnet.
(SFC, 4/14/11, p.D6)
2011 Apr 13, The US navy said
it successfully tested a high energy laser from a ship last week.
The laser beam could set on fire boat engines, such as those used by
(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 13, A jury in San
Francisco, Ca., convicted former baseball star Barry Bonds of
obstruction of justice regarding his use of performance-enhancing
drugs. On Sep 13, 2013, a federal appeals court upheld the felony
conviction. On April 22, 2015, the conviction was reversed in a 10-1
decision by a limited en banc panel of the Ninth Circuit Court.
(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A1)(SFC, 9/14/13, p.C1)(SFC,
2011 Apr 13, In San Francisco
BART General Manager Dorothy Duggar resigned after accepting a
severance deal worth nearly $1 million.
(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A1)
2011 Apr 13, California state’s
insurance commissioner said Sutter Health, one of the state’s
largest health care givers, fraudulently charged insurers up to
hundreds of millions over the past decade for anesthesia services
that in some cases were not even provided.
(SFC, 4/14/11, p.C1)
2011 Apr 13, Officials in
Washington, DC said they planned to set up 20-30 online gambling hot
spots by September in an effort to generate revenue.
(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)
2011 Apr 13, South Dakota
inmates Eric Robert (48) and Rodney Berget (48) were charged with
first degree felony murder. They had attacked prison guard Ronald
Johnson (63), wrapped his head in plastic shrink wrap and left him
to die as they used his uniform in an unsuccessful escape attempt.
(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)
2011 Apr 13, In Tennessee
nursing student Holly Bobo (20) was last seen as she prepared to
leave for college classes.
(SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)
2011 Apr 13, Edin Dzeko (39) of
Washington state was arrested for extraction to Bosnia for his
alleged participation in the massacre of Croatian civilians in the
village of Trusina as a member of a Bosnian army unit in April,
1993. 16 civilians and at least 4 disarmed soldiers were killed in
the village. On Nov 15 Dzeko agreed to be extradited to Bosnia.
(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)(SFC, 11/16/11, p.A6)
2011 Apr 13, In Afghanistan a
suicide bomber killed 10 people in an attack on peace talks between
tribal elders in eastern Kunar province. Former mujahideen commander
Mohammad Zarin died along with nine others. Abu Hafs al-Najdi,
described as an "Al-Qaeda senior leader," was killed in an air
strike in Kunar province. NATO made the announcement on April 26.
The Saudi man was also known as Abdul Ghani.
(Reuters, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/26/11)
2011 Apr 13, Bahrain's Shiite
opposition party said that another one of its supporters, the fourth
to date, has died in police custody. Haji Karim Fakhrawi died in
"mysterious circumstances," while his relatives pointed to a body
covered in bruises saying he had died of torture. The official news
agency cited the medical examiner from the army hospital saying
Fakhrawi died of kidney failure.
2011 Apr 13, Belarus President
Lukashenko announced three suspects had confessed to the April 11
Minsk metro bombing that killed 12 as he threatened a new wave of
repression against the opposition. Two more suspects were detained
by the next day.
(AFP, 4/13/11)(Reuters, 4/14/11)
2011 Apr 13, Colombia's
interior minister approved the extradition to Venezuela of Walid
Makled, a reputed drug kingpin who has publicly accused his home
country's ruling elite of deep involvement in cocaine trafficking.
It will take at least five days to extradite Makled, in order to
give him a chance to appeal the decision.
2011 Apr 13, In Colombia a
river swollen with heavy rains swept a passenger bus off a highway
in the mountainous northwest, killing at least 16 people and leaving
4 others missing.
2011 Apr 13, Egypt's ousted
President Hosni Mubarak was put under detention in his hospital room
for investigation on accusations of corruption, abuse of power and
killings of protesters. His sons Alaa and Gamal were taken to Tora
Prison outside Cairo.
(AP, 4/13/11)(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A3)
2011 Apr 13, Iran’s first
vice-president was quoted as saying in the governmental newspaper
that Iran has stopped refueling "western passenger planes" since
Europe-bound Iranian commercial planes were refused fuelling there.
2011 Apr 13, In Ivory Coast
forces loyal to recognized president Alassane Ouattara went house to
house searching for former soldiers, whom they shot and killed. The
UN human rights office in Geneva said 536 people had been killed in
the country's west in recent weeks.
2011 Apr 13, Japan's government
downgraded its assessment of the economy for the first time in six
months to reflect last month's devastating earthquake and tsunami.
Wholesale prices rose at the fastest pace in more than two years in
an ominous sign for company profit margins.
2011 Apr 13, Libyan rebels
along the eastern front line pleaded again for more NATO airstrikes
and expressed hope that political developments will allow them to
advance on Moammar Gadhafi's territory. Top Western and Arab envoys
gathered in Qatar's capital to discuss ways to end the Libyan
crisis. Members of the Transitional National Council addressed the
contact group as an alternative voice for Libya's people.
(AP, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/13/11)
2011 Apr 13, Mexico’s Attorney
General said security forces arrested 16 municipal police officers
accused of protecting drug gang hitmen who massacred dozens of
people near the US border.
2011 Apr 13, In Nepal lightning
strikes over the last 24 hours killed 6 people in 3 separate
(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 13, In Pakistan 2 US
missile strikes killed six alleged Afghan Taliban fighters in the
South Waziristan tribal region, just days after Pakistani
authorities asked for greater limits on such attacks.
2011 Apr 13, In South Africa
Andries Tatane, a demonstrator in a central town protesting lack of
basic services, was beaten to death by police. Eight police officers
soon faced murder and other charges after state television showed
images of the beating.
2011 Apr 13, Swaziland police
fired tear gas and water cannons for a second day on at teachers
poised to march in the commercial capital.
2011 Apr 13, In Syria thousands
of women and children holding white flags and olive branches blocked
a main coastal highway, demanding authorities release detainees
picked up during a crackdown on opponents of President Assad's
authoritarian regime. Authorities released about 100 of the
detainees and brought them to the area where the protesters had
gathered. Protesters turned out at Damascus University in the
capital and in Aleppo University in the country's north.
2011 Apr 13, The presidents of
Turkey and Pakistan, meeting in Ankara, said they would support
initiatives designed to end the war in Afghanistan, but they
declined to confirm that a plan is under way to open a political
office for Taliban in Turkey to promote peace talks.
2011 Apr 13, The UN said that
more than 800 people have been killed and 94,000 displaced because
of violence in Southern Sudan this year. A top official warned of a
humanitarian crisis if the violence continues. A militia aligned
with the northern government reportedly attacked el-Feid and the
nearby village of Um Barmbita in the Nuba Mountains of southern
Kordofan state. Attackers burned between 300 to 500 houses and
reportedly killed more than 20 people, including women and children.
(AP, 4/13/11)(AP, 4/20/11)
2011 Apr 13, Venezuela’s police
seized 66 pounds (30 kg) of cocaine aboard a bus carrying members of
the government-organized militias. Five suspects, including the bus
driver and his assistant, were arrested.
2011 Apr 13, Yemeni security
forces clashed with thousands of protesters who hurled rocks and
burned tires in the southern port city of Aden. Soldiers shot dead
two anti-regime protesters and wounded nine others in different
sectors of the port city of Aden. Police attacked an army checkpoint
in Amran province," 170 km (105 miles) north of Sanaa, killing one
officer and wounding two soldiers.
(AP, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/13/11)
2011 Apr 13, In Zimbabwe a
government minister and a Roman Catholic priest were arrested and
detained by police for holding a memorial service for victims of
massacres in western Zimbabwe after independence in 1980.
2012 Apr 13, Pres. Obama
arrived in Cartagena, Colombia, for meetings with 33 other regional
leaders for the Summit of the Americas this weekend. 11 US Secret
Service agents, sent to provide security for President Obama, were
reported to have visited prostitutes in Cartagena. At least 20 women
were in hotel rooms with US agents and military personnel just
before President Barack Obama arrived for the summit.
(AP, 4/14/12)(AP, 4/17/12)(SFC, 4/19/12, p.A5)
2012 Apr 13, The top US aid
official said the country is drastically reducing the number of aid
projects in Pakistan as part of reforms aimed at improving the
distribution of billions of dollars in funding.
2012 Apr 13, Arizona passed
legislation that bans most abortions after 20 weeks.
(SFC, 4/14/12, p.A5)
2012 Apr 13, A gunman on a
motorcycle fired 5 shots at a couple in pickup truck in Mill Valley,
Ca. Max Wade (17) was arrested on April 28. He was also implicated
in the March 8, 2011, theft of a 2008 Lamborghini from British Motor
Car Distributors in San Francisco. The car and motorcycle were found
in storage locker in Richmond, Ca. on April 28. On Oct 30 Wade was
convicted of one count of attempted murder and of auto theft. On Jan
23, 2014, Wade was sentenced to life in prison.
(SFC, 5/1/12, p.A1)(SFC, 5/2/12, p.A9)(SFC,
5/3/12, p.C4)(SFC, 10/31/13, p.A10)(SFC, 1/24/14, p.A1)
2012 Apr 13, Australia's Qantas
launched the nation's first commercial flight using a mixture of
refined cooking oil, saying it would not survive if it relied solely
on traditional jet fuel. Australia's tax on carbon emissions comes
into force on July 1.
2012 Apr 13, A British judge
sentenced computer hacker James Jeffery (27) to two years and eight
months in jail for breaking into the website of Britain's biggest
abortion provider and stealing the personal details of thousands of
2012 Apr 13, Canada unveiled
long-delayed regulations for cutting emissions that aim to make big
trucks and buses up to 23 percent less polluting by 2018.
2012 Apr 13, In China an
outbreak of H5N1 bird flu was discovered in Touying township of the
Ningxia region after over 23,000 chickens began showing symptoms.
Some 95,000 chickens were quickly culled.
2012 Apr 13, Colombia's Jose
Antonio Ocampo withdrew from the race to lead the World Bank,
endorsing Nigerian Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala's challenge against the
favored US candidate.
2012 Apr 13, In Egypt thousands
of Islamists packed Cairo's Tahrir Square to pressure the country's
ruling generals to bar Hosni Mubarak-era officials, including his
former spy chief, from running in the upcoming presidential
2012 Apr 13, In Guinea-Bissau a
communique from an unidentified military commander was released
claiming soldiers do not want to seize power, but instead were
trying to halt an invasion from Angolan troops. The unidentified
military commander claimed that PM Gomes was going to allow troops
from Angola, another former Portuguese colony in Africa, to attack
military forces in Guinea-Bissau. The UN Security Council
unanimously condemned the coup.
2012 Apr 13, India's Finance
Minister Pranab Mukherjee described as "totally baffling" a huge
downward revision in industrial output data that undermined hopes
the nation's economy was recovering. January industrial output
growth a day earlier was revised downward to 1.1 percent from an
initial 6.8 percent estimate.
2012 Apr 13, Indonesian police
arrested two suspected terrorists in the town of Bima in West Nusa
Tenggara province. The suspects were part of a terror group that
killed a police officer in a 2010 bank robbery in the north Sumatra
town of Medan.
2012 Apr 13, A Japanese "black
widow" was sentenced to death in a case known by the name of the
female spider that eats its partner after mating. Kanae Kijima (37)
was convicted of murdering three men, aged 41, 53 and 80, whom she
met through Internet dating sites.
2012 Apr 13, Mongolia’s police
detained former Pres. Nambariin Enkhbayar on charges of alleged
corruption. A day earlier Enkhbayar released internal government
documents finding Pres. Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj responsible for
inciting deadly violence following the last parliamentary elections
(Econ, 4/28/12, p.45)
2012 Apr 13, In Myanmar British
PM David Cameron and opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi issued a
joint call for the suspension of sanctions against the former pariah
state after landmark talks. Cameron also met reformist President
Thein Sein as he became the first Western leader in decades to visit
2012 Apr 13, Nigeria's Pres.
Goodluck Jonathan signed on a $31 billion budget for 2012 in
Africa's largest crude producer amid concern it has not done enough
to guard against a possible future slide in oil prices.
2012 Apr 13, In Nigeria the
Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) attacked oil
installations belonging to Italian firm ENI.
2012 Apr 13, North Korea’s
satellite launch, hailed as a moment of national pride, ended in
failure when the rocket disintegrated over the Yellow Sea, earning
Pyongyang embarrassment as well as condemnation from a host of
nations that deemed it a covert test of missile technology.
2012 Apr 13, In the Philippines
suspected extortionists bombed a bus in Carmen town, North Cotabato
province, killing 3 passengers and wounding 16 others.
(SFC, 4/14/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 13, Spanish officials
warned Argentina that the country risks becoming "an international
pariah" if it follows through on its threats to nationalize
Spanish-owned energy company Repsol's majority stake in its South
American YPF unit. concern" YPF represents 42 percent of Repsol's
total reserves, estimated at 2.1 billion barrels of crude.
2012 Apr 13, Spain's King Juan
Carlos (74) was injured while on an expensive elephant hunting trip
in Botswana amid the nation's deep financial woes. The accident
required a hip replacement and led to scathing criticism amid the
nation's deep financial woes.
2012 Apr 13, In Syria tens of
thousands of poured into the streets for anti-government protests in
the first major test of a UN-brokered truce. Government troops
fought with rebels near the border with Turkey, and other scattered
violence was reported. 6 civilians were killed.
(AFP, 4/13/12)(AFP, 4/14/12)
2012 Apr 13, The Yemeni Defense
Ministry said that the death toll among al-Qaida militants in
clashes in Abyan province had reached nearly 200.
2012 Apr 13, Zimbabwe state
media said the country will suffer a one million ton maize deficit
due to drought, after nearly half of the national crop now coming up
for harvest has failed. The United Nations has already appealed for
$488 million dollars in food aid for Zimbabwe for last year and the
first months of this year.
2013 Apr 13, Months of
increased tension at the Guantanamo Bay prison boiled over into a
clash between guards and detainees as the military closed Camp 6, a
communal section of the facility and moved its inmates into single
cells. Prisoners participating in a hunger strike had covered up
security cameras and blocked windows.
2013 Apr 13, San Francisco
Symphony musicians accepted concessions and voted to ratify a new
(SSFC, 4/14/13, p.C7)
2013 Apr 13, John Galardi (75),
founder of the Wienerschnitzel hot dog chain, died in southern
(SFC, 4/17/13, p.E7)
2013 Apr 13, The renowned
London School of Economics denounced the BBC for using a
student-organized trip to North Korea as "cover" for a reporting
trip to the secretive communist country.
2013 Apr 13, Central African
Republic rebel leader Michel Djotodia was elected president by the
National Transitional Council. He was the only candidate and was
elected unanimously by the 105 council members.
2013 Apr 13, China and the US
committed to a process aimed at ridding North Korea of its nuclear
2013 Apr 13, Chinese officials
said a girl (7) has died in Beijing from H7N9 bird flu, becoming the
11th victim tied to the new strain.
(SSFC, 4/14/13, p.A4)
2013 Apr 13, Congolese Justice
Minister Wivine Mumba said a dozen senior officers in the Congolese
army have been arrested for responsibility for mass rapes committed
by several army units in eastern Congo in November 2012.
2013 Apr 13, In France Redoine
Faid's took four guards hostage and used explosives hidden inside
tissue packets to blast his way out of a prison in Lille, near the
Belgian border. On May 29 the French Interior Ministry said Faid was
arrested overnight in Pontaut-Combault with an accomplice.
(AP, 4/15/13)(AP, 5/29/13)
2013 Apr 13, In Indonesia a
Lion Air plane carrying more than 100 passengers overshot a runway
on the Indonesian resort island of Bali and crashed into the sea.
All of the passengers and crew were evacuated from the plane. 7
passengers were taken to Sanglah hospital with head wounds and
2013 Apr 13, Netherlands' Queen
Beatrix officially reopened the Rijksmuseum, the country's national
museum, after a 10-year, 375 million euro ($480 million) renovation.
2013 Apr 13, In northwestern
Pakistan a bomb planted in a bus killed at least eight passengers
and wounded seven others as it passed a crowded bazar on its way
from Peshawar to a nearby town.
2013 Apr 13, Palestinian PM
Salaam Fayyad resigned, leaving the Palestinians without one of
their most moderate and well-respected voices just as the US began
launching a new push for Mideast peace.
2013 Apr 13, In Peru a bus
plunged off an Andean highway into a river, killing at least 27
(SSFC, 4/14/13, p.A4)
2013 Apr 13, Poland unveiled a
giant statue of the late Pope John Paul II in the southern city of
Czestochowa and billed it as the world's tallest.
2013 Apr 13, Russia named 18
Americans banned from entering the country in response to Washington
imposing sanctions on 18 Russians for alleged human rights
2013 Apr 13, A Syrian
government airstrike on Saraqeb in the country's northwest killed at
least 20 people. A government air raid on the disputed Sheikh
Maqsoud neighborhood in Aleppo killed at least 3 people and wound 16
others. Syrian troops, trying to relieve a besieged military base,
ambushed a rebel checkpoint, killing at least 21 opposition
(AP, 4/13/13)(SSFC, 4/14/13, p.A4)
2013 Apr 13, Pope Francis
marked his first month as pope by naming nine high-ranking prelates
from around the globe to a permanent advisory group to help him run
the Catholic Church and study a reform of the Vatican bureaucracy.
2014 Apr 13, In Washington DC a
G20 official said reforms to the International Monetary Fund have
hit a deadlock despite a declaration from global financial chiefs
that they would move forward without the United States if it fails
to ratify the changes by year-end.
2014 Apr 13, In Kansas 3 people
were killed after Frazier Glenn Miller (73) of Aurora, Mo., opened
fire outside at two Jewish sites in Overland Park. On Aug 31, 2015
Miller, a former leader of the defunct North Carolina-based White
Patriot Party, was convicted of murder and other charges. On Sep 8,
2015, a jury recommended the death penalty.
(SFC, 4/14/14, p.A8)(SFC, 9/1/15, p.A5)(SFC,
2014 Apr 13, In Utah Megan
Huntsman (39) was arrested after police reported tiny bodies stuffed
into separate cardboard boxes in the garage of her former home in
Pleasant Grove. She had 7 babies between 1996 and 2006. Estranged
husband Darren West discovered the bodies a day earlier while
cleaning out the garage. On April 28 she was charged with 6 counts
of 1st degree murder. On April 20, 2015, Huntsman was sentenced to
at least 30 years in prison.
(SFC, 4/14/14, p.A8)(SFC, 4/15/14, p.A6)(SFC,
2014 Apr 13, An Afghan official
said 1,892 complaints of fraud in this month's presidential election
are being investigated but the number is lower than that of the last
election. A Taliban ambush killed three members of a local militia
that rose up against insurgent control in Andar district in the
eastern province of Ghazni.
(AP, 4/13/14)(AP, 4/14/14)
2014 Apr 13, In Algeria six
armed militants were killed in operations in the center and far east
of the country.
2014 Apr 13, Wilson Kipsang
(32) of Kenya captured his second London Marathon title by breaking
the course record by 11 seconds in 2 hours, 4 minutes, 29 seconds.
Kenya's Edna Kiplagat saw off compatriot Florence Kiplagat to win
the women's London Marathon.
2014 Apr 13, Chinese state
media reported that authorities have seized more than 10,000 illegal
guns in the southwestern province of Guizhou, marking its largest
haul of illegal firearms. Fifteen people suspected of being part of
a criminal gang involved in the manufacturing and trafficking of
firearms were arrested.
2014 Apr 13, Chinese
conglomerate Sanpower said it has agreed to buy a majority stake in
British department store House of Fraser in a deal worth £480
million (578 million euros, $800 million).
2014 Apr 13, Egypt’s state news
agency reported the arrest of Wael Ahmed Abdel Fattah, a veteran of
the Syrian civil war, on suspicion of planning terrorist acts inside
2014 Apr 13, German media
citing official sources said the government will not approve a
reported deal to sell up to 800 Leopard-2 battle tanks to Saudi
2014 Apr 13, Guinea-Bissau held
watershed elections for a president and parliament aimed at ushering
in a new era of stability in a country plagued by drugs and upended
by a military coup.
2014 Apr 13, In Hong Kong Wong
Kar Wai's much lauded kung fu epic "The Grandmaster" won a record
dozen honors at the Hong Kong Film Awards.
2014 Apr 13, Iran state news
said the government has complained to the UN about the United States
refusing to grant a visa to Hamid Abutaleb, its newly appointed UN
ambassador over his role in the 1979 hostage crisis.
2014 Apr 13, In northern Iraq
bombings targeting security forces killed at least 16 people.
2014 Apr 13, In Israel Ibrahim
Hamed, a former Hamas military leader serving multiple life
sentences, declared an open-ended hunger strike in protest at his
2014 Apr 13, Japan’s
Agricultural Ministry said two chickens have tested positive for
avian influenza at a farm where more than 1,000 chickens have died,
marking the country's first case of bird flu in three years.
2014 Apr 13, In Kashmir
suspected rebels attacked a pro-India politician's house with a hail
of bullets killing two police guards.
2014 Apr 13, Libya's PM
Abdullah al-Thani stepped down, saying he and his family had been
the victims of a "traitorous" armed attack the previous day. Thani
said he would stay on in a caretaker capacity until a new prime
minister is appointed.
2014 Apr 13, Macedonians voted
for a new president in a poll seen as a test for the ruling party
ahead of general elections later this month in the EU candidate
2014 Apr 13, A Malaysian man
(54), who went on a pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia, became the first
death in Asia from Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
2014 Apr 13, In the Netherlands
Eliud Kipchoge of Kenya won the Rotterdam Marathon, but failed in
his bid to break the course record on a windy day in the port city.
2014 Apr 13, The streets of
North Korea's capital filled with runners from all over the world
for the annual Pyongyang marathon, which was open to foreign
amateurs this year for the first time.
2014 Apr 13, In Moscow more
than 10,000 people rallied to denounce Russian state TV news
coverage particularly of the crisis in Ukraine.
(SFC, 4/14/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 13, A powerful
earthquake with a magnitude of 7.5 struck off the Solomon Islands,
hours after a 7.6 tremor. No casualties or damages were reported.
2014 Apr 13, Glencore, based in
Switzerland, said it has signed an agreement to sell its entire
interest in the Peruvian Las Bambas copper mine to a consortium led
by MMG Ltd., a mining company controlled by state-owned China
Minmetals Nonferrous Metals Co. Ltd.
2014 Apr 13, In Syria shelling
and firefights between government forces and rebels in Aleppo killed
at least 29 people over the last 24 hours. Activists from the
"Syrian Revolution in Kfar Zeita" posted video footage and pictures
of an unexploded canister with the chemical symbol for chlorine,
Cl2, on its side which they said was found in Kfar Zeita village.
Rebels and the government have blamed each other for the alleged
poison gas attacks on April 11-12.
(AP, 4/13/14)(Reuters, 4/14/14)
2014 Apr 13, Ukrainian special
forces exchanged gunfire with a pro-Russia militia in the eastern
city of Slovyansk, with at least one security officer killed and
five others wounded. Separatist protesters seized control of the
mayor's office in the town of Mariupol.
(AP, 4/13/14)(Reuters, 4/13/14)
2014 Apr 13, The United Arab
Emirates finance minister said that officials are finalizing a new
law to boost entrepreneurship with broad incentives, part of a wider
push to create jobs for a burgeoning young population. Pres. Sheikh
Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahyan signed into law a measure to promote
(AP, 4/13/14)(Econ, 4/19/14, p.61)