Today in History - April 13

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451AD    Apr 13, A Persian army of 300,000 men under Mushkan Nusalavurd arrived at a place between Her and Zarevand (now Khoy and Salmast in Iran) to face the Armenian forces.
    (MH, 12/96)

837        Apr 13, Best view of Halley's Comet in 2000 years.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1517        Apr 13, Tuman Bey, the last Mameluke sultan of Egypt, was hanged as Osman’s army occupied Cairo.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1545        Apr 13, Elisabeth van Valois, French queen of Spain, daughter of Henri II, was born.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1556        Apr 13, Portuguese Marranos who reverted back to Judaism were burned alive by order of Pope.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1598        Apr 13, King Henry IV of France endorsed the Edict of Nantes, which granted political rights to French Huguenots. The edict was abrogated in 1685 by King Louis XIV, who declared France entirely Catholic again.
    (AP, 4/13/98)(HN, 4/13/98)

1638        Apr 13, Duke Henri II (58), French Huguenot leader, died.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1668        Apr 13, John Dryden (36) became 1st English poet laureate.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1695        Apr 13-14, Jean de la Fontaine (73), French poet (Fables), died.
    (MC, 4/13/02)(MC, 4/14/02)

1721        Apr 13, John Hanson, first U.S. President under the Articles of Confederation, was born in Maryland.
    (HN, 4/13/98)(MC, 4/13/02)

1728        Apr 13, Johann Christoph Schmidt (63), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1732        Apr 13, Frederick Lord North, British prime minister (1770-82), was born.
    (HN, 4/13/98)

1741        Apr 13, Dutch people protested the bad quality of bread.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1742        Apr 13, George Frideric Handel's "Messiah" was first performed publicly, in Dublin, Ireland.
    (AP, 4/13/97)
1742        Apr 13, Giovanni Veneziano (59), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1743        Apr 13, Thomas Jefferson (d.1826), the third president of the United States (1801-1809), was born in present-day Albemarle County, Va. He called slavery cruel but included 25 slaves in his daughter’s dowry, took enslaved children to market and had 10-year-old slaves working 12-hour days in his nail factory. He stated that blacks were “in reason inferior" and “in imagination they are dull, tasteless and anomalous." “Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter." "History, in general, only informs us what bad government is."
    (AP, 4/13/97)(SFC,12/897, p.A27)(AP, 4/13/98)

1756        Apr 13, Johann T. Gottlieb Goldberg (29), German klavecinist, composer, died.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1759        Apr 13, The French defeated European Allies in Battle of Bergen.
    (HN, 4/13/98)

1762        Apr 13, Karl Friedrich Horn, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1771        Apr 13, Richard Trevithick, inventor of the steam locomotive, was born in Cornwall, England.
    (ON, 4/04, p.4)

1775        Apr 13, Lord North extended the New England Restraining Act to South Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland. The act forbade trade with any country other than Britain and Ireland.
    (HN, 4/13/99)

1796        Apr 13, The 1st elephant arrived in US from India.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1796        Apr 13, Battle at Millesimo, Italy: Napoleon beat the Austrians.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1806        Apr 13, Jean-Jacques Bachelier (~82), French painter, died.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1808        Apr 13, William Henry Lane ("Juda") perfected the tap dance.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1822        Apr 13, Gaetano Valeri (61), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1826        Apr 13, Franz Danzi (62), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1827        Apr 13, Hugh Clapperton, Scottish traveler and explorer of West and Central Africa, died in Sokoto, Nigeria, of dysentery.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Clapperton)

1829        Apr 13, English Emancipation Act granted freedom of religion to Catholics.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1832        Apr 13, James Wimshurst, British designer, inventor (electric static generator), was born.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1834        Apr 13, HMS Beagle anchored at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1852        Apr 13, Frank W. Woolworth (d.1919), founder of the retail chain of 5&10 cent stores, was born on a farm near Watertown New York.
    (SFC,10/20/97, p.B2)(HN, 4/13/98)

1860        Apr 13, 1st Pony Express reached Sacramento, Calif.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1861        Apr 13, After 34 hours of bombardment, Union-held Fort Sumter surrendered at 2:30 p.m. to Confederates under the command of Gen PGT Beauregard. No Union defenders were killed in the 34-hour rebel assault on Charleston Harbor‘s Fort Sumter led by Major Robert Anderson. Likewise, none of the Confederate attackers were killed in this action. Union Pvt. Daniel Hough became the war‘s first official casualty when he was killed by a premature discharge of a cannon used as a salute in the evacuation ceremonies after the surrender.
    (HN, 4/13/98)(HNQ, 8/31/00)(MC, 4/13/02)

1860        Apr 13, James Ensor (d.1949), Belgian painter, was born. He became a master at dredging disturbing, uncensored images from the depths of the unconscious.
    (WSJ, 6/5/01, p.A23)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Ensor)

1862        Apr 13, In the Washington area volunteers led by Sarah J. Evans paid homage to the graves of Civil War soldiers. Villagers in Waterloo, NY, held their 1st Memorial Day service on May 5, 1866. In 1966 Pres. Johnson gave Waterloo, NY, the distinction of holding the 1st Memorial Day.
    (SFC, 5/26/03, p.A2)

1863        Apr 13, Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft. Bisland). (MC, 4/13/02)
1863        Apr 13, Hospital for Ruptured and Crippled in NY became the 1st orthopedic hospital.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1865        Apr 13, Union forces under Gen. Sherman began their devastating march through Georgia. Sherman's troops took Raleigh, NC.
    (HN, 4/13/98)(MC, 4/13/02)

1866        Apr 13, Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American western outlaw and leader of the Wild Bunch, was born in Beaver, Utah. [see Apr 6,15]
    (HN, 4/13/99)

1868        Apr 13, Tewodros II (1818-1868), also known as Theodore II, committed suicide at Magdala while under British siege. He was Emperor of Ethiopia from 1855-1868.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tewodros_II)

1869        Apr 13, Steam power brake was patented by George Westinghouse.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1870        Apr 13, The Metropolitan Museum of Art was incorporated in New York. The museum opened in 1872.
    (AP, 4/13/08)

1873        Apr 13, In the Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish, Louisiana, some 105 blacks were killed on Easter Sunday. Many bodies, hidden or dumped into the Red River; were recovered and found to have been mutilated. In the end, only nine men were arrested, and they were charged with the murder of only one man. Among those arrested was William J. Cruikshank. In 2007 Lalita Tademy authored her novel “Red River" based on the massacre.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colfax_Massacre)(http://tinyurl.com/2dyfuj)

1882        Apr 13, An anti-Semitic League formed in Prussia.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1883        Apr 13, Alfred Packer was convicted of cannibalism. [see Aug, 1873]
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1892        Apr 13, Arthur ("Bomber") Harris, Marshal of the RAF, was born in Cheltenham.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1895        Apr 13, In San Francisco a woman at the Emmanuel Baptist Church, on Bartlett St. between 22nd and 23rd, discovered the stabbed and raped body of Minnie Williams (21). Minnie was last seen with medical student Theodore Durrant the night before. Police then found the body of Blanche Dumont in the church belfry. Investigators said she had been strangled 10 days earlier. Durrant was later convicted and hanged at San Quentin in 1898. The church was demolished in 1915.
    (SFC, 10/18/12, p.C4)
1895        Apr 13, Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist."
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1899        Apr 13, Alfred Moser Butts, inventor of the board game Scrabble, was born.
    (HN, 4/13/98)(MC, 4/13/02)

1902        Apr 13, Philippe de Rothschild, manager (Bordeaux Vineyard), was born in Paris.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1904        Apr 13, In Pensacola, Fl., an explosion on the US battleship Missouri killed 29 men and injured 5 men, of whom 2 died later.
    (SFC, 4/15/06, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/6hkedu)

1906        Apr 13, Samuel Beckett (d.1989), Irish (French) playwright, Nobel Prize winner in 1969, (Waiting for Godot), was born. He settled in France and wrote in French and then translated to English. Sometimes he reversed the process. His work included “Act Without Words" (1956), “Happy Days" (1960-61), “Rough for Theater II" (1976), “Catastrophe" (1982) and “What’s There" (1983). Also the prose trilogy “Molloy," “Malone Dies" and “The Unnamable." In 1996 James Knowlson wrote his study of Beckett: “Damned to Fame: The Life of Samuel Beckett."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.369)(SFEC, 10/27/96, BR p.5)(HN, 4/13/98)
1906        Apr 13, An explosion on the US battleship Kearsarge killed 7 men. The vessel was off Culebra Island in the Caribbean Sea when the explosion in the forward turret occurred. 2 more deaths were soon reported with 10 sailors in serious conditions.
    (SFC, 4/15/06, p.A6)(SFC, 4/18/06, p.A15)
1906        Apr 13, There was a mutiny on the Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos and Vasco da Gama.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1907        Apr 13, Harold E. Stassen (d.2001), later 3-term governor, was born on a truck farm in W. St. Paul.
    (SFC, 3/5/01, p.A24)(MC, 4/13/02)

1909        Apr 13, Eudora Welty (d.2001), Southern writer, was born in Jackson, Miss. Her books included “Delta Wedding" and “The Optimist's Daughter" (1972). In 1998 Ann Waldron published "Eudora Welty: A Writer’s Life."
    (SFEC, 11/22/98, BR p.4)(SFEC, 12/6/98, BR p.8)(HN, 4/13/01)
1909        Apr 13, William Edgar Geil (1865-1925), travel writer from Doylestown, Pa., returned to the US following his 2nd trip to China. He had traveled 1800 miles along the Great Wall of China gathering notes and photos, which he soon published in a 393-page volume titled “The Great Wall of China."
    (ON, 2/09, p.10)(http://tinyurl.com/dhtulo)
1909        Apr 13, In Turkey a counter-coup, led by a certain Dervish Vahdeti, began Istanbul and continued for a few days. It was put down by Hareket Ordusu (The Army of Action) constituted with troops stationed in the Balkans, which rapidly departed from Salonika. Among the officers who entered the capital was a young captain named Mustafa Kemal. 74 soldiers were killed in the incident. The “March 31" incidents actually started on 13 April 1909, a day corresponding to 31 March 1325 in the Rumi calendar in use at the time in Turkey for official timekeeping.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/31_March_Incident)

1911        Apr 13, Nino Sanzogno, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1912        Apr 13, Royal Flying Corps formed (later RAF).
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1917        Apr 13, Howard Keel, actor, singer (7 Brides for 7 Brothers, Kiss Me Kate), was born.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1917        Apr 13, Diamond Jim Brady (b.1856), American financier, philanthropist and gourmand, died. When his body was examined, doctors discovered that his stomach was eight times larger than that of an average person.
    (WSJ, 1/12/08, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%22Diamond_Jim%22_Brady)

1918        Apr 13, Electrical fire killed 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1918        Apr 13, The Soviet Wartime and people’s commissariat issued an order to form Latvian Soviet rifleman division. The commander in charge was Jukums Vacietis. It was one of the first divisions in the Red Army.
    (http://tinyurl.com/krxwaky)

1919        Apr 13, Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American atheist (opposed prayer in school), was born.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1919        Apr 13, In the Amritsar Massacre British forces under the command of General Reginald Dyer killed hundreds of Indian nationalists in the thickly crowded plaza at Jallianwala Bagh.
    (HN, 4/13/98)(EWH, 4th ed., p.1101)

1922        Apr 13, John Gerard Braine, British novelist (Room at the Top), was born.
    (HN, 4/13/01)

1924        Apr 13, Stanley Donen, film director, producer (Bedazzled, Damn Yankees), was born in SC.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1933        Apr 13, The first flight over Mount Everest was completed by Lord Clydesdale.
    (HN, 4/13/98)

1934        Apr 13, Some 4.7 million US families were report to be receiving welfare payments.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1937        Apr 13, Edward Fox, actor (M-Never Say Never Again, The Day of the Jackal), was born in London, England.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1937        Apr 13, Lanford Wilson, US playwright (Hot L Baltimore), was born.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1939        Apr 13, Seamus Heaney, Irish poet, Nobel laureate, was born.
    (HN, 4/13/01)
1939        Apr 13, Paul Sorvino, actor, was born.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1939        Apr 13, W. Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1940        Apr 13, In the 2nd battle of Narvik, 8 German destroyers were destroyed.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1941        Apr 13, Margaret Price, soprano (Pamlina-Die Zauberflote), was born in Tredegar, Wales.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1941        Apr 13, German troops captured Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Hitler soon installed Gen. Milan Nedic as a quisling leader. Nedic proceeded to wipe out the Jewish community of Serbia. In 1997 Philip Cohen wrote "Serbia's Secret War: Propaganda and the Deceit of History."
    (HN, 4/13/99)(WSJ, 5/7/99, p.A18)
1941        Apr 13, There was a heavy German assault on Tobruk.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1941        Apr 13, A Russian-Japan no-attack treaty went into effect.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1942        Apr 13, Bill Conti, composer (For Your Eyes Only, Rocky IV), was born in Providence, RI.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1943        Apr 13, President Roosevelt dedicated the Jefferson Memorial. It was designed by John Russell Pope.
    (AP, 4/13/97)(HN, 4/13/98)(WSJ, 9/21/00, p.A26)
1943        Apr 13, Nazi's discovered a mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn. [see Apr 13, 1990]
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1944        Apr 13, South Carolina rejected black suffrage.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1944        Apr 13, Transport No. 71 departed with French Jews to Nazi Germany.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1945        Apr 13, US marines conquered Minna Shima off Okinawa.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1945        Apr 13, Vienna fell to Soviet troops.
    (HN, 4/13/99)

1957        Apr 13, The jury-deliberation movie drama "12 Angry Men," starring Henry Fonda, opened in New York.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
1957        Apr 13, Due to lack of funds, Saturday mail delivery in US was temporarily halted.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1958        Apr 13, In the 12th Tony Awards: Sunrise at Campobello and Music Man won.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1958        Apr 13, Van Cliburn became the first American to win the Tchaikovsky International Piano Contest in Moscow. Lev Vlasenko (1929-1996) took 2nd place.
    (SFC, 7/6/96, p.E3)(TMC, 1994, p.1958)(SFC, 8/27/96, p.A17)(AP, 4/13/97)

1959        Apr 13, A Vatican edict forbade Italian Roman Catholics from for voting for communists.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1959        Apr 13, Eduard A van Beinum (57), Dutch musician, conductor, died.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1960        Apr 13, The first navigational satellite was launched into Earth's orbit.
    (HN, 4/13/98)

1961        Apr 13, "Carnival!" opened at Imperial Theater in NYC for 719 performances.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1961        Apr 13, US Army Private John A. Bennett was hanged after being convicted of rape and attempted murder of an Austrian girl (11) in 1955.
    (SSFC, 7/9/06, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_A._Bennett)
1961        Apr 13, The U.N. General Assembly condemned South Africa for apartheid.
    (HN, 4/13/98)

1962        Apr 13, US steel industry was forced to give up price increases.
    (MC, 4/13/02)

1963        Apr 13, Gary Kimovich Kasparov, world chess champion (1985-2000), was born in the USSR.
    (MC, 4/13/02)(SFC, 1/16/04, p.D19)

1964        Apr 13, Sidney Poitier became the first black performer in a leading role to win an Academy Award Oscar for best actor for the movie "Lilies of the Field." In the 36th Academy Awards "Tom Jones," Sidney Poitier & Patricia Neal won.
    (AP, 4/13/97)(HN, 4/13/98)(MC, 4/13/02)
1964        Apr 13, Ian D. Smith became premier of Rhodesia. Smith was Premier of the British Colony of Southern Rhodesia (13 Apr 1964 - 11 Nov 1965) and Prime Minister of the Republic of Rhodesia (11 Nov 1965 - 1 Jun 1979).
    (SFC, 5/15/00, p.A14)(MC, 4/13/02)

1965        Apr 13, Beatles recorded "Help."
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1965        Apr 13, Lawrence Wallace Bradford Jr. (16) was appointed by New York Republican Jacob Javits to be the first black page of the US Senate.
    (AP, 4/13/02)

1966        Apr 13, Pan Am placed a $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s. The 747 jumbo jet revolutionized mass air transportation.
    (MC, 4/13/02)(SSFC, 12/14/03, p.D2)

1970        Apr 13, Apollo 13, four-fifths of the way to the moon, was crippled when a tank containing liquid oxygen burst: "Houston, we've got a problem!" The incident preventing a planned moon landing. The three-man crew managed to return safely.
    (AP, 4/13/97)(HN, 4/13/98)(HN, 4/13/99)
1970        Apr 13, Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis (b.1925) was allowed to go into exile. His music included the film score for Zorba the Greek (1964).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikis_Theodorakis)

1972        Apr 13,    The first US Major League baseball strike ended after 13 days.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1972_Major_League_Baseball_strike)

1973        Apr 13, Henry Darger (b.1892), "outsider artist" and janitor, died in Chicago. He had spent as many as 40 years working on a 15,000 page novel titled "The Story of the Vivian Girls, in What Is Known as the Realms of the Unreal, of the Glandeco-Angelinian War Storm, Caused by the Child Slave Rebellion. He illustrated the work with some 300 watercolors that were lifted and recomposed from popular sources. In 2002 John MacGregor authored a 720-page study of Darger. In 2003 Jessica Wu premiered her documentary film on Darger, “In the Realms of the Unreal," at Sundance.
    (SFC, 9/20/97, p.E1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Darger)(SFC, 1/15/02, p.A14)(SFC, 12/18/04, p.E1)

1975        Apr 13, In Lebanon the right-wing Christian Falange (Phalange) opened fire on a bus packed with Palestinians in a low-income neighborhood after a drive-by attack earlier in the day on a nearby church. The attacks killed 27 Palestinians and three Lebanese Christians. The ambush sparked a civil war that lasted to 1990. The attack was made to avenge an attempted assassination on Bashir Gemayel.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, p.T5)(AP, 4/12/05)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.46)

1976        Apr 13, The US Federal Reserve began issuing $2 bicentennial notes. The last $2 series was discontinued in 1966 after low production and the concomitant unpopularity of the bill resulted in insufficient use.
    (http://wcdc42.com/2dollar/economic_reviews.html)(HN, 4/13/98)
1976        Apr 13, In Morocco Abdennaceur Bnouhachem's work as a left-wing student activist came to an abrupt end when plain clothed security officers cornered him in the street and bundled him into an unmarked van. He was tortured and spent 9 years in prison. Years later he was awarded 1 million dirhams ($114,500) for his ordeal, but said the money will not erase his memories.
    (Reuters, 7/13/06)

1980        Apr 13, "Grease" closed at Broadhurst Theater in NYC after 3,388 performances.
    (www.awesometickets.net/Theatre/Grease+Tickets/index.php)
1980        Apr 13, The US Olympic Committee voted to boycott the Summer Olympics in Moscow.
    (www.iviesinathens.com/olympic/games.aspx?ID=122)

1981        Apr 13, Washington Post reporter Janet Cooke received a Pulitzer Prize for her feature about an 8-year-old heroin addict named "Jimmy." Cooke relinquished the prize two days later, admitting she had fabricated the story.
    (AP, 4/13/00)(www.museumofhoaxes.com/day/04_17_2001.html)

1984        Apr 13, Pete Rose, playing for the Montreal Expos, became the 1st NL baseball player to get 4,000 hits in a career, joining Ty Cobb to become only the second player to enter the 4000 hit club.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4000_hit_club)
1984        Apr 13, Christopher Wilder, FBI's "most wanted man," accidentally killed himself.
    (http://www.mayhem.net/Crime/serial3.html)

1986        Apr 13, Pope John Paul II visited a Rome synagogue and met with Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff in the first recorded papal visit of its kind.
    (AP, 4/13/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Paul_II)
1986        Apr 13, Phillip Hallford forced his daughter (15) to lure her boyfriend Eddie Shannon (16) to an isolated area in Daly County, Alabama, where he shot and killed the boy and threw his body off a bridge. Melinda Hallford was pregnant at the time of the killing and had been sexually abused by her father. In 2010 Hallford (63) was executed.
    (http://off2dr.com/modules/extcal/event.php?event=256)(SFC, 11/5/10, p.A9)

1987        Apr 13, Gary Hart announced his bid for the 1988 Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 4/13/97)
1987        Apr 13, Ervin Nyiregyhazi (b.1903), Hungarian-born pianist, died in Los Angeles. He had been a child prodigy and arrived in the US in 1920, where he married 10 times and left behind over a 1000 largely unknown works. In 2007 Kevin Bazzana authored: “Lost Genius: The Story of a Forgotten Musical Maverick."
    (WSJ, 10/24/07, p.D10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ervin_Ny%C3%ADregyh%C3%A1zi)
1987        Apr 13, Portugal signed an agreement to return Macau to China in 1999.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kq3l5)

1988        Apr 13, A commandeered Kuwaiti jetliner took off from Cyprus for Algeria, after the pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim hijackers on board freed 12 hostages.
    (AP, 4/13/98)
1988        Apr 13, In South Africa Aubrey Jabulani Ndaba, from the Pietermaritzburg area, and Oscar Maleka, from Soweto, were working for the armed wing of the African National Congress when they died in firefights with security forces. In 2005 they became first of 477 missing people to be recovered.
    (AP, 3/9/05)

1989        Apr 13, US House Speaker Jim Wright delivered an emotional defense of his conduct against ethics charges, declaring he would "fight to the last ounce of conviction and energy" he possessed.
    (AP, 4/13/99)

1990        Apr 13, The Soviet Union accepted responsibility for the World War II murders of thousands of imprisoned Polish officers in the Katyn Forest, a massacre the Soviets had previously blamed on the Nazis.
    (AP, 4/13/97)

1991        Apr 13, Speaking at Maxwell Air Force Base in Montgomery, Alabama, President Bush warned Iraq the United States would “not tolerate any interference" with the international relief effort for Kurdish refugees.
    (AP, 4/13/01)

1992        Apr 13, The Great Chicago Flood took place as the city's century-old tunnel system and adjacent basements filled with water from the Chicago River.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.B2)(AP, 4/13/97)
1992        Apr 13, The opera “Life With an Idiot" by Alfred Schnittke had its world premier at the Netherlands Music Theater in Amsterdam.
    (SFC, 8/5/93, p.A17)
1992        Apr 13, Crystal Pepsi began test marketing in Providence, Denver and Dallas.
    (MC, 4/13/02)
1992        Apr 13, Wallace Stegner (b.1909), novelist (Pulitzer 1972), died in New Mexico.
    (http://sfpl.lib.ca.us/librarylocations/main/envir/wsbio.htm)
1992        Apr 13, An earthquake rocked Germany and the Netherlands.
    (http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/eqlists/sig_1992.html)
1992        Apr 13, Nelson Mandela announced he would seek a divorce from Winnie.
    (www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/mandela/etc/cron.html)

1993        Apr 13, Tom Stoppard's "Arcadia," premiered in London.
    (www.cherwell.oxon.sch.uk/arcadia/outline0.htm)
1993        Apr 13, Pulitzer Prizes were awarded to David McCullough for his biography "Truman," to Robert Olen Butler for his collection of short stories "A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain" and to Tony Kushner for his drama "Angels in America: Millennium Approaches." The gold medal for public service went to The Miami Herald for its Hurricane Andrew coverage.
    (AP, 4/13/98)
1993        Apr 13, The day before a visit by Pres. Bush, fourteen people were arrested in Kuwait for plotting to assassinate him. Washington said the plot was organized by Iraqi intelligence.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1993        Apr 13, NATO forces began combat patrols over Bosnia to enforce a UN ban on flights.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1994        April 13, A Palestinian blew himself up on a bus in Hadera in central Israel. Six Israelis were killed and 25 wounded. It was Hamas's 1st suicide bombing.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(SFC, 3/23/04, p.A11)
1994        Apr 13, In Rwanda two Tutsi mothers and their four children were killed. In 2011 an appeals court in The Netherlands sentenced Joseph Mpambara (43) to life in prison for torture causing the deaths of the 2 mothers and 4 children. Mpambara had already been convicted on March 23, 2009.
    (AFP, 7/7/11)

1995        Apr 13, Bob Dornan became the seventh GOP presidential contender.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
1995        Apr 13, A federal appeals court opened the way for Shannon Faulkner to become the first woman to undergo military training at The Citadel.
    (AP, 4/13/00)

1996        Apr 13, President Clinton used his weekly radio address to call on Congress to pass an anti-terrorist bill that had languished for a year despite a promise of quick action after the Oklahoma City bombing.
    (AP, 4/13/97)
1996        Apr 13, The Rosemary Baptist Church in Barnwell, S.C., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1996        Apr 13, James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke (64), criminal, died in prison in NY state.
    (www.answers.com/topic/jimmy-conway)
1996        Apr 13, Larry Wayne Shoemaker, a white supremacist, shot 11 people and killed one before committing suicide inside an abandoned restaurant in Jackson, Miss. He left behind neo-Nazi notes.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A1)
1996        Apr 13-14, Representatives of 55 nations met in Brussels and pledged to raise $1.2 billion for the reconstruction of Bosnia. Serbs refused to attend as part of a delegation with Muslims and Croats.
    (WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)   
1996        Apr 13, The annual Canadian seal hunt in Newfoundland went out of control and some 16,500 seals were slaughtered instead of the 8,000 quota.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-15)
1996        Apr 13, The US agreed to close the Futenma Air Station at Okinawa, Japan. The 1200 acre base is surrounded by the densely populated city of Ginowan.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-8)
1996        Apr 13, In Lebanon Hezbollah (Hizbullah) leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah warned of retaliation following an Israeli aircraft attack.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-8)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.47)
1996        Apr 13, George Mackay Brown (b.1921), Scottish poet and novelist, died in his hometown of Stromness, on the Orkney Mainland. In 2006 Maggie Ferguson authored “George Mackay Brown: The Life."
    (Econ, 6/3/06, p.81)(http://tinyurl.com/fdgky)

1997        Apr 13, Tiger Woods won golf’s Masters Tournament by 12 strokes for a record 18-under-par 270 total score. He was the youngest (21) and first black winner of the Masters.
    (WSJ, 4/14/97, p.A1)(AP, 4/13/98)
1997        Apr 13, It was reported that scientists had developed memory-retentive chips that preserve data even with power shut off. The chips were expected to be available in 2 years.
    (SFEC, 4/13/97, p.B8)
1997        Apr 13, With tanks, sharpshooters and thousands of police deployed to protect him, Pope John Paul II preached forgiveness during a mass in Sarajevo.
    (AP, 4/13/98)
1997        Apr 13, In Turkey a military modernization program for $31 billion was announced to reduce dependence on Western suppliers. Turkey’s standing army numbered 639,000 men, 4,000 tanks, and 400 combat aircraft.
    (WSJ, 4/14/97, p.A12)

1998        Apr 13, Bank of America announced a $62.5 billion merger plan with NationsBank Corp. of Charlotte, N.C. The country's first coast-to-coast bank would be called BankAmerica Corp. with headquarters in Charlotte.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.A1)(SFC, 4/14/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/13/99)
1998        Apr 13, Banc One and First Chicago NBD said they would unite in a $28.9 billion deal.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
1998        Apr 13, A 500-pound steel joint fell from the upper level of New York's Yankee Stadium, crashing onto seats below. No fans were inside the park at the time.
    (AP, 4/13/99)
1998        Apr 13, An Amtrak train collided with Conrail freight cars near Pittsburgh and injured 20 people.
    (WSJ, 4/14/98, p.A1)
1998        Apr 13, In Algeria it was reported that Muslim clerics ruled to allow women raped by Islamic militants to have abortions.
    (WSJ, 4/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Apr 13, In Nassau, Bahamas, some 300 angry protestors faced 180 lesbian passengers on the cruise ship SS Seabreeze chartered by Olivia Cruises and Resorts.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, p.A26)
1998        Apr 13, In Tanzania it was reported that at least 90 miners were feared dead after heavy rains the previous week caused 14 pits to collapse near Arusha. They were mining for tanzanite, a gem used in jewelry.
    (WSJ, 4/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Apr 13, Turkish army forces captured Semdin Sakik, a field commanded of the PKK, Kurdistan Workers Party, in a secret raid in northern Iraq.
    (SFC, 4/14/98, p.C12)

1999        Apr 13, The digital 3-D opera, Monsters of Grace," by composer Philip Glass and director Robert Wilson was scheduled to premier at UC Berkeley. The score was set to English translation of love poems by the Sufi poet Rumi.
    (SFEC, 4/11/99, DB p.13)   
1999        Apr 13, In Michigan Judge Jessica Cooper sentenced Dr. Kevorkian to 10-25 years in prison for second-degree murder in the lethal injection of a Lou Gehrig's disease patient. He planned to appeal the sentence which would require him to serve over 6 years before being eligible for parole.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A3)(AP, 4/13/00)
1999        Apr 13, NATO bombs were dropped on Pristina. Yugoslav infantry troops crossed into northeastern Albania for a short time and clashed with Albanian border police. Refugees in Albania reported gang-rapes and murders by Serbian soldiers.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A1,13)
1999        Apr 13, In Chile Alejandra Matus, author, launched her new book "The Black Book of Chilean Justice." Police confiscated the books the next day and Matus fled the country to Argentina.
    (SFEC, 5/2/99, p.A26)
1999        Apr 13, In Colombia rebels released 6 of 46 hostages from a commandeered Avianca airplane.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A14)
1999        Apr 13, In Malaysia Anwar Ibrahim was convicted on 4 charges of corruption by High Court Judge Augustine Paul. He was sentenced to 6 years on each charge with the sentences to run concurrently.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A14)
1999        Apr 13, Pakistan test-fired a ballistic missile, the Ghauri II, at Dina. It was reported to have a range of 1200 miles.
    (SFC, 4/14/99, p.A14)

2000        Apr 13, President Clinton, during a question-and-answer session with newspaper editors, heatedly said “I’m not ashamed" about being impeached and “I’m not interested" in being pardoned for any alleged crimes in the Monica Lewinsky scandal and Whitewater investigation.
    (AP, 4/13/01)
2000        Apr 13, US drug agents arrested at least 45 people in a Jamaican-led marijuana ring that bribed FedEx workers to distribute the drug for East Coast markets. 22 of those arrested were FedEx employees.
    (WSJ, 4/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 13, The heavy metal rock group Metallica filed suit against Napster for copyright infringement and racketeering.
    (WSJ, 9/9/03, p.B1)
2000        Apr 13, Terayon Communications shareholders sued the company for securities fraud. Shareholders included Edward Rose III of Dallas, short seller and founder of Cardinal Investment Co. Rose and George W. Bush partnered in the 1989 bid for the Texas Rangers.
    (SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A20)
2000        Apr 13, Giorgio Bassani, Italian author, died at age 84. His books included “The Garden of the Finzi-Continis."
    (SFC, 4/14/00, p.D5)
2000        Apr 13, In Mexico 7 people died in a train carrying illegal immigrants from Central America in a bid to enter the US. 46 people were hospitalized from suffocating conditions.
    (WSJ, 4/14/00, p.A10)
2000        Apr 13, In South Korea election results gave 115 seats to the ruling Millennium Democratic Party of Pres. Kin Dae Jung. The opposition Grand National Party won 133 seats.
    (SFC, 4/14/00, p.A21)
2000        Apr 13, In Zimbabwe acting Pres. Joseph Msika called for an end to squatter invasions of white-owned farms after the high court ruled that police must comply with an order to remove liberation war veterans and other government supporters occupying the farms. Pres. Mugabe was visiting Cuba for a summit of developing nations. Mugabe repudiated Msika’s order on his return.
    (SFC, 4/14/00, p.A20)(WSJ, 4/17/00, p.A1)

2001        Apr 13, With the crew of a U.S. spy plane safely back in the United States, American officials gave their detailed version of what happened when the plane collided with a Chinese fighter on April 1; the United States said its plane was struck by the jet. China maintained that the U.S. plane rammed the fighter.
    (AP, 4/13/02)
2001        Apr 13, It was reported that new evidence from ocean surveys supported the idea of global warming due to “greenhouse gases."
    (SFC, 4/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 13, In China a 5.9 earthquake hit Yunan province and at least 7 people were killed. 42,000 homes were destroyed in the Shidian area.
    (SFC, 4/21/01, p.A24)
2001        Apr 13, In France up to 15,000 people were evacuated from the region of Vimy due to fears of explosions from a World War I bomb storage site.
    (SFC, 4/14/01, p.A8)

2002        Apr 13, In Kentucky Sheriff Sam Catron (48) was killed during a political rally in Shopville. Danny Shelley (30) was soon arrested after crashing a motorcycle that belonged to Jeff Morris (34), a political opponent to Catron. Morris and a campaign worker were later charged with complicity to murder.
    (SFC, 4/15/02, p.A10)(SFC, 4/16/02, p.A4)
2002        Apr 13, The Eritrea Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC), established to determine the new border, released its report. The UN panel ruled in favor of Ethiopia on all territory contested with Eritrea, but Ethiopia contested some of the commission's decisions.
    (WSJ, 4/15/02, p.A1)(www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/hornafrica.html#eri)
2002        Apr 13, Yasser Arafat issued a statement condemning terrorism and planned to meet with Colin Powell the next day. Hamas declared it had no intention of halting attacks.
    (SSFC, 4/14/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 13, In Saudi Arabia Ghazi Algosaibi, Saudi ambassador to Britain, published a poem in the Saudi daily Al Hayat  titled “The Martyrs," in praise of Ayat Akhras, the Mar 29 Palestinian suicide bomber.
    (SFC, 4/16/02, p.A9)
2002        Apr 13, In Venezuela Hugo Chavez returned to the presidency as Pedro Carmona resigned following large protests in Caracas with dozens reported killed. Caracas mayor Alfredo Pena said at least 9 people were killed in rioting and looting.
    (SSFC, 4/14/02, p.1,20)

2003        Apr 13, In the 25th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops pushed into Tikrit. Marines found 7 missing US troops on the road between Baghdad and Tikrit. Army engineers worked to help restore electricity in Baghdad. US-led forces announced the capture of Watban Ibrahim Hasan, a half brother of and adviser to Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 4/13/03)(AP, 4/13/08)
2003        Apr 13, In northern Greece a bus carrying high school students crashed on a mountain road, killing 21 people and injuring about 30 others.
    (AP, 4/14/03)
2003        Apr 13, Israel’s PM Ariel Sharon in a published interview said Israel will hand over some Jewish settlements for peace, but the Palestinians must give up their demand that refugees be allowed to return to their former homes.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 13, In the southern Philippines some 40 Moro Islamic Liberation Front fighters attacked soldiers in Barira. The fire fight left 12 guerrillas and possibly 3 soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 4/15/03, p.A5)

2003        Apr 13, In Columbus, Ohio, a fire at a student-rented house left 5 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 13, The environmental Goldman Prize winners included Pedro Arroyo-Agudo (Spain); Von Hernandez (Philippines); Odigha Odigha (Nigeria); Eileen Wani Wingfield and Eileen Kampakuta (Australia); Julia Bonds (US); Maria Elena Foronda Farro (Peru).
    (SFC, 4/14/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 13, Mike Weir became the first Canadian to win the Masters after the first sudden-death playoff in 13 years.
    (AP, 4/13/04)
2003        Apr 13, In northern Greece a bus carrying high school students crashed on a mountain road, killing 21 people and injuring about 30 others.
    (AP, 4/14/03)
2003        Apr 13, In the 26th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops pushed into Tikrit. Army engineers worked to help restore electricity in Baghdad. US-led forces announced the capture of Watban Ibrahim Hasan, a half-brother of and adviser to Saddam Hussein. After three weeks of captivity, seven US POW's, including Army Specialist Shoshana Johnson, were released by Iraqi troops near Tikrit, Iraq.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 13, Israel's PM Ariel Sharon in a published interview said Israel will hand over some Jewish settlements for peace, but the Palestinians must give up their demand that refugees be allowed to return to their former homes.
    (AP, 4/13/03)
2003        Apr 13, In the southern Philippines some 40 Moro Islamic Liberation Front fighters attacked soldiers in Barira. The firefight left 12 guerrillas and possibly 3 soldiers dead.
    (SFC, 4/15/03, p.A5)

2004        Apr 13, Barry Bonds hit his 661st homer, passing Willie Mays to take sole possession of third place on baseball's career list.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2004        Apr 13, Swimmer Michael Phelps won the 2003 Sullivan Award as the nation's top amateur athlete.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2004        Apr 13, Pres. Bush defended his Iraq policy, vowed no retreat and conceded the need for UN help in a televised press conference.
    (SFC, 4/14/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/14/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 13, Attorney Gen'l. Ashcroft, speaking at the hearings on 9/11, placed much of the blame for terrorist successes on budgetary and investigatory constraints inherited from the Clinton administration.
    (WSJ, 4/14/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 13, The FDA approved a clinical trial by Cyberkinetics on implants in humans for a brain-computer interface.
    (SFC, 4/14/04, p.C8)
2004        Apr 13, Brazil's 10,000 federal customs agents began a 4-day strike, threatening to tie up the nation's ports and international airports unless the government grants them a pay raise.
    (AP, 4/13/04)
2004        Apr 13, Authorities in Shanghai announced that divorced couples who remarry will be allowed to have a second child.
    (AP, 4/13/04)
2004        Apr 13, Cuba agreed to buy $13 million in food from American companies and reached a tentative deal for up to $10 million in farm goods from California.
    (AP, 4/13/04)
2004        Apr 13, Hungarian authorities said they arrested three Arabs who were plotting to assassinate visiting Israeli President Moshe Katsav.
    (AP, 4/13/04)
2004        Apr 13, A 2,500-strong U.S. force, backed by tanks and artillery, pushed to the outskirts of the Shiite holy city of Najaf for a showdown with a radical cleric. One soldier was killed enroute. US forces in Fallujah killed over 100 insurgents.
    (AP, 4/13/04)(SFC, 4/15/04, p.A17)
2004        Apr 13, Four Italians working as private security guards for a U.S. company in Iraq were reported missing, and an Arab satellite TV broadcaster said they were kidnapped by insurgents.
    (AP, 4/13/04)
2004        Apr 13, In Saudi Arabia militants near Unaizah opened fire on a police checkpoint at dawn, killing four police officers and fleeing in security agents' cars.
    (AP, 4/13/04)

2005        Apr 13, Eric Rudolph pleaded guilty to carrying out the deadly bombing at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics and three other attacks in back-to-back court appearances in Birmingham, Ala., and Atlanta.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2005        Apr 13, US Gymnast Paul Hamm received the 75th Sullivan Award as the nation's top amateur athlete.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2005        Apr 13, National Geographic and IBM Corp. announced a project to collect DNA samples from people around the globe to trace the routes of human migration.
    (SFC, 4/13/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 13, Johnie Johnson (b.1924), pianist who worked with Chuck Berry, died in St. Louis. Johnson had initially hired Berry as a replacement in his rhythm-and-blues trio.
    (SFC, 4/16/05, p.B4)
2005        Apr 13, Algerian Islamic militants killed five people, including three security force members, and injured eight others in attacks ahead of an expected general amnesty.
    (Reuters, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 13, Australia’s Mining giant BHP Billiton said it had won a 71.5% rise in iron ore prices with a number of its steel customers.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, Top border officials of India and Bangladesh meet in Dhaka to discuss thorny issues including New Delhi's plan to fence off the frontier and Dhaka's claim that India harbors Bangladeshi militants.
    (Reuters, 4/12/05)
2005        Apr 13, Britain and India agreed to more than double the number of flights between the two nations, opening up dozens of lucrative new routes for airlines.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, In England Kamel Bourgass (31) of Algeria, captured in Jan 2003, was sentenced to 17 years in jail for planning attacks using ricin, cyanide and other poisons. He is already serving a life sentence for the murder of policeman Stephen Oake. 8 others arrested in the case were acquitted or not brought to trial.
    (AP, 4/14/05)(SFC, 4/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 13, The European Parliament approved the entry of Bulgaria and Romania into the EU in 2007, but it said both countries still need to carry out necessary reforms.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, Al-Jazeera showed video of Jeffrey Ake, who the US Embassy said appeared to be the American kidnapped earlier this week in Baghdad. A bomb exploded while being defused near a Kirkuk pipeline and 11 members of the Facilities Protection Service were killed. A suicide bomber killed 5 Iraqis when he drove his car into a US convoy down Baghdad’s airport road. 4 US contract workers were injured.
    (AP, 4/13/05)(SFC, 4/14/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 13, Italian regulator Consob said it has approved a bid by Spanish bank Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria SA for Italy's Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, in what would become the euro zone's largest cross-border banking takeover.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 13, Japan and India took a first step to a possible free trade deal with an agreement to spend a year looking at the effects of a pact on the two major Asian economies.
    (AFP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 13, Lebanon’s pro-Syrian premier quit for the 2nd time in 6 weeks.
    (WSJ, 4/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 13, In Nepal businesses reopened and traffic resumed on major highways after an 11-day general strike called by communist rebels that crippled life across the kingdom. The student wing of Maoist rebels demanded all private schools shut down indefinitely.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, Norway’s Statoil ASA announced oil exploration drilling from the offshore rig Eirik Raude has been shut down after its 3rd spill into ecologically fragile Arctic waters in just over two months.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, The UN approved a global treaty aimed at preventing nuclear terrorism by making it a crime for would-be terrorists to possess or threaten to use nuclear material.
    (AP, 4/13/05)
2005        Apr 13, Zimbabwe state radio reported President Robert Mugabe's government has acquired six fighter jets "to deal with any challenges." The aircraft appeared to be the K-8 advanced jet trainer, a Chinese copy of the British Aerospace BAE "Hawk." Zimbabwe's opposition released a dossier to back claims that last month's elections were rigged to hand victory to President Robert Mugabe's ruling party.
    (AP, 4/13/05)

2006        Apr 13, Two more retired US generals called for Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld to resign, bringing the total to 6 this month, claiming the chief architect of the Iraq war and subsequent American occupation should be held accountable for the chaos there.
    (Reuters, 4/14/06)(WSJ, 4/14/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 13, Confessed al-Qaida conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui expressed no remorse for his role in the Sept. 11 attacks as he took the stand for the second time in his death-penalty trial in Alexandria, Va.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2006        Apr 13, In California an independent task force issued a 29-page report faulting UC executives and the Board of Regents for lack of oversight in pay practices and the use of public funds.
    (SFC, 4/14/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 13, The Nebraska Legislature voted to divide the Omaha school system into 3 districts, one mostly black, one mostly white, and one largely Hispanic. Gov. Dave Heineman signed the measure into law, effective July 2008.
    (SFC, 4/14/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 13, It was reported that Iowa had counted at least 515 cases of mumps this year, where it had previously averaged 5 cases per year. Another 100 cases were reported in Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri and Illinois.
    (SFC, 4/1/06, p.A3)(SFC, 4/12/06, p.A14)
2006        Apr 13, In Tennessee’s Cherokee National Forest a black bear killed a 6-year-old girl and critically injured her mother and 2-year-old brother.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 13, European scientists released new photos of Venus’ south pole from the orbiting Venus Express spacecraft. The images revealed a mass of sulfuric acid clouds swirling in 220 mph winds.
    (SFC, 4/14/06, p.A2)
2006        Apr 13, A military court convicted a British air force doctor of disobeying orders and sentenced him to eight months in prison after he called the Iraq war illegal and refused to return for a third tour of duty.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 13, The Danube reached record-high levels in Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia, flooding fertile farmland as authorities in southeastern Europe considered ordering evacuations.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 13, In Chad government troops using tanks and attack helicopters repelled a rebel assault on N’Djamena, Chad's capital. At least 100 rebels were killed. President Deby went on state-run radio to assure residents he remained in control, and he blamed Sudan, whose Darfur crisis has spilled over into his country.
    (AP, 4/13/06)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.50)
2006        Apr 13, China's controversial choice for a Tibetan holy figure made his first major appearance before an international audience, saying Tibetan Buddhists should be patriotic and "defend the nation."
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 13, Chinese Vice-President Zeng Qinghong met with Lithuanian Foreign Minister Antanas Valionis in Beijing. Zeng said the relations between China and Lithuania are developing smoothly with frequent high-level contacts and fruitful cooperation in economic and cultural sectors.
    (http://news.xinhuanet.com)
2006        Apr 13, In western Colombia mudslides roared down on settlements, killing at least 10 people, leaving dozens missing and blocking a key highway to the Pacific coast.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 13, Bayer AG made its official takeover bid for fellow German drugmaker Schering AG, offering 16.5 billion euros ($20.01 billion), slightly more than its previous 16.3 billion euro ($19.76 billion) offer that Schering's board had recommended be accepted.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 13, In India distraught fans smashed cars, burned buses and battled with police in the southern Indian city of Bangalore after they were prevented from seeing the body of Raj Kumar (77), an Indian film icon who died this week.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 13, In Indonesia police asked Playboy magazine to stop publishing its Indonesian edition out of fears it could enrage Muslims. Officials of the publication said they were considering the request.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 13, Al-Qaida's deputy leader Ayman al-Zawahri urged all Muslims to support insurgents fighting in Iraq "for the dignity of Islam" and said the "enemy has begun to falter," according to a video posted on the Internet.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 13, In Iraq dozens of policemen were missing and some 20-30 were dead after insurgents ambushed a police convoy near a US base. By the next day only 35 of 80 policemen had returned to Najaf, after picking up new vehicles at the US base of Taji. In western Iraq 2 US Marines were killed and 22 wounded two of them critically, in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/14/06)(SFC, 4/15/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 13, Dame Muriel Spark (b.1918) died in Tuscany, Italy. Her spare and humorous novels made her one of the most admired British writers of the post World War II years. Her work of 23 novels, included the autobiographical "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie" (1961), which was later adapted for a Broadway hit (1966) and a movie. In 2010 Martin Stannard authored “Muriel Spark: The Biography."
    (AP, 4/15/06)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.83)(SFC, 6/12/10, p.E2)
2006        Apr 13, In Jordan security forces stormed a prison to put down a riot after inmates claimed they had taken two policemen hostage. One prisoner was killed in the clashes while 15 police and 20 inmates were injured.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 13, In Nepal police fired rubber bullets and tear gas on hundreds of lawyers protesting in Katmandu, the eighth day of pro-democracy demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/13/06)
2006        Apr 13, In Russia a group of young men beat inhabitants with metal bars, killing a man and a woman and leaving an 80-year-old woman and a 14-year-old girl gravely wounded. 9 people were later arrested in connection with the attack on the Roma camp in the southern Volgograd region.
    (AP, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 13, The three parties that were central to Ukraine's Orange Revolution signed a protocol aimed at advancing the formation of a coalition government and ending their wrangling after last month's elections.
    (AP, 4/13/06)

2007        Apr 13, In Delaware a special committee of the board of directors of Computer Associates accused founder and former chairman Charles Wang of directing and participating in fraudulent accounting during the 1980s and 1990s, which the US government had described as totaling $2.2 billion.
    (WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 13, Google said that it will purchase DoubleClick, an Internet services company, for $3.1 billion.
    (WSJ, 4/14/07, p.A3)
2007        Apr 13, In NYC lawyer Moshe Kanovsky (31) leaped to his death from the 69th floor of the Empire State Building. At least 30 people have jumped from the Empire State Building since it opened in 1931.
    (SFC, 4/14/07, p.A3)
2007        Apr 13, In SF Mayor Newsom brokered an agreement to ban cars from Golden Gate Park’s main road for 6 months of the year and to make permanent a Sunday ban for a smaller area. The deal still required approval from the board of Supervisors.
    (SFC, 4/14/07, p.B1)
2007        Apr 13, A firefight in southern Afghanistan killed one NATO soldier and wounded two others. Eight suspected insurgents were killed by British forces west of Basra. The suspects had been planting bombs in the path of a British patrol.
    (AP, 4/13/07)(AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 13, Australia’s PM John Howard said that people with HIV should not be allowed to migrate to Australia, and that the government was investigating whether it could tighten existing restrictions.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 13, An Austrian bank recently bought by a US-led consortium acknowledged it told a Cuban-born client to take her business elsewhere and suggested that Washington's ban on commerce with Cuba was behind the decision.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 13, Federal police in Brazil arrested the chief organizer of Rio's carnival parade, a federal judge and a prosecutor in a crack-down on illegal gaming and money laundering.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 13, A leading rebel in the Central African Republic said he would be signing a peace deal with President Francois Bozize in the northeastern town of Birao.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 13, Prominent Chinese environmental activist Wu Lihong (39) was arrested for alleged blackmail. Lihong has campaigned for years against the pollution of Tai Lake which lies in the center of Yangtze Delta plain, a region known for its natural beauty but littered with polluting light industry and chemical factories. In August Lihong was sentenced to 3 years in prison for fraud and blackmail.
    (AFP, 4/23/07)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.49)
2007        Apr 13, Iraq's parliament met in an extraordinary session on a Friday, the Muslim day of prayer, and declared it would not bow to terrorism; a bouquet of red roses and a white lily sat in the place of a lawmaker killed in a parliament dining hall suicide bombing. A roadside bomb killed one policeman and wounded four others in southern Baghdad. US forces captured 14 suspected al-Qaida in Iraq members in raids.
    (AP, 4/13/07)(AP, 4/13/08)
2007        Apr 13, In Malaysia the Negeri Sembilan state government closed down a museum exhibition on ghosts, ghouls and supernatural beings after Islamic clerics claimed it was detrimental to Muslims' faith.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 13, In Nigeria gunmen shot dead a radical Muslim cleric in his mosque and fired on the congregation, killing two more people, in the northern city of Kano.
    (AFP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 13, Protesters burned an effigy of President Gen. Pervez Musharraf and demanded his resignation, as thousands rallied across Pakistan during a court hearing for a top judge removed by the government.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 13, Five European countries and the European Commission signed an accord on under which they will give 5.2 million dollars for administrative reforms within the Palestinian presidency.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 13, Former President Alejandro Toledo returned to Peru to visit his ailing sister and face accusations that he forged signatures nearly a decade ago to get his party on the 2000 presidential ballot.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 13, Muslim rebels fired mortar bombs on a Philippines marine base in the southern island of Jolo, killing two soldiers and a child.
    (Reuters, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 13, Boris Berezovsky, the exiled Russian tycoon who has emerged as one of the Kremlin's most vocal opponents, called for the use of force to oust President Vladimir Putin and claimed he has support from some in the country's political elite. In response, Russia's chief prosecutor opened a criminal case against Berezovsky on charges of plotting a coup. Britain, granted Berezovsky refugee status in 2003.
    (AP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 13, In Tanzania the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) ordered that Michel Bagaragaza, the former head of Rwanda's national tea industry, be tried by a court in the Netherlands. He was accused of involvement in Rwanda’s 1994 mass slaughter. In Sep, 2009, Bagaragaza (64) pleaded guilty to complicity in the slaughter. In Nov he was sentenced to 8 years in prison.
    (AFP, 4/13/07)(AP, 9/17/09)(AP, 11/5/09)
2007        Apr 13, African health ministers meeting in South Africa adopted a health strategy to deal with the host of diseases on the continent, a dearth of health workers and failing health systems.
    (AFP, 4/13/07)
2007        Apr 13, A landmine killed nine Sudanese army soldiers and wounded 11 on Sudan's eastern border with Ethiopia.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 13, Benedict XVI published “Jesus of Nazareth," his first book as pope. It offered a very personal meditation on the early years of Christ's life and teachings criticized the "cruelty" of capitalism and colonialism and the power of the wealthy over the poor. A second installment, released in 2011, concerned the final part of Christ's life, his death and resurrection.
    (AP, 4/13/07)(AP, 3/2/11)

2008        Apr 13, The World Bank, IMF and G7 ended three days of meetings eliciting calls for economic coordination but no joint emergency plan.
    (WSJ, 4/14/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 13, The winners of this year’s Goldman Awards were reported to be: Feliciano dos Santos (43) of Mozambique, the director of Estamos, an environmental group promoting sanitation, sustainable development and reforestation; Marina Rikhvanova (46), founder of Baikal Environmental Wave, which forced the rerouting of an oil pipeline in the Baikal basin; Pablo Fajardo (35) and Luis Yanza (48) of Ecuador, co-founders of the Amazon Defense Front, which accused Texaco (now Chevron) of dumping oil and wastewater into local streams; Rosa Hilda Ramos (63) of Puerto Rico, head of a movement to protect the Las Cicharillas Marsh; Ignace Schops (43) of Belgium, head of a movement to establish Belgium’s 1st and only national park; Jesus Leon (42) of Mexico, co-founder of the Center for Integral Small Farmer Development of the Mixtec (CEDICAM).
    (SSFC, 4/13/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 13, In Afghanistan Taliban militants ambushed a police truck, killing four officers and wounding 7 in Helmand province. Taliban militants attacked a group of police officers sleeping on the mud floor of an isolated roadside checkpoint, killing 11. The two soldiers from Afghanistan's 47,000-strong NATO-led force were killed and two wounded in an explosion in the south.
    (AP, 4/13/08)(AP, 4/14/08)(Reuters, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, Australia’s PM Kevin Rudd named Queensland governor Quentin Bryce as the next governor-general, the first woman to act as the British queen's representative in the country.
    (AFP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, In Brazil armed men firing from pickup trucks and flying in a helicopter attacked a maximum-security prison holding some of Brazil's highest-profile inmates but were repelled by guards in Campo Grande, the state capital of Mato Grosso do Sul.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, Bulgaria's powerful Interior Minister Rumen Petkov resigned amid a snowballing corruption scandal that exposed links between top crime-busters and suspected criminals.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Ethiopians voted in a first round of elections that the main opposition coalition boycotted to protest alleged intimidation by ruling party officials.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, In Hong Kong the historical epic "The Warlords" dominated the Hong Kong Film Awards scooping 8 gongs including best film and best actor in martial arts star Jet Li.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, In eastern India Biranchi Das (40), the controversial coach of a young boy who ran a marathon in an attempt to set a world record, was shot dead. Also in eastern India Naxalite rebels fatally shot five policemen and a luggage porter and seriously wounded two others in an attack on a railroad station.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, Officials said the Iraqi government has dismissed about 1,300 soldiers and policemen who deserted or refused to fight during last month's offensive against Shiite militias and criminal gangs in Basra. Gunmen in Basra assassinated police Maj. Ali Haider, a commander in the department's serious crimes directorate. Militants firing rocket-propelled grenades ambushed an American patrol in eastern Baghdad. Fire from armed helicopters and an Abrams tank repulsed the attack, killing six of the gunmen. US soldiers discovered a mass grave near Muqdadiyah, which contained 20 to 30 badly decomposed bodies that appeared to have been buried nearly eight months. 2 US Marines were killed by a roadside bomb in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/13/08)(AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 13, Italians went to the polls in general elections likely to return conservative Silvio Berlusconi to the prime minister's office for a third time at the expense of new centre-left flagbearer Walter Veltroni.
    (AFP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Kenya’s President Mwai Kibaki named rival Raila Odinga as prime minister, implementing a power-sharing deal after protracted negotiations over the agreement they signed more than a month ago.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Election officials said Nepal's Maoists had extended a stunning early lead in historic polls, as vote counting continued.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Palestinian medical officials said 3 people died in an explosion in a house in the Gaza Strip. They said the blast likely resulted from the accidental detonation of explosives.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Khasan Yandiyev (51), a top judge in Russia's southern troubled province of Ingushetia, was shot dead. He had led trials of Islamic rebels.
    (Reuters, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, The Saudi Arabia beheaded two Nigerian men convicted of smuggling cocaine into the kingdom. 42 people have been beheaded this year, according to an AP count.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, In Somalia suspected Islamist insurgents dragged two British nationals and two Kenyans out of their home in Beledweyn and killed them.
    (AFP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, In South Africa 2 Americans and a Norwegian tourist on a shark cage diving adventure drowned when their boat was hit by a freak wave.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, South Korea's government confirmed a fourth outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus in the country's southwest, as the tally of birds slaughtered to control the spread of the disease rose to 1.3 million.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Sri Lanka marked its traditional new year with security forces and Tamil separatists locked in fierce combat resulting in heavy losses on both sides. Defense officials said at least 87 guerrillas had been killed in the last 24 hours. Security forces smashed through defenses of Tamil separatists, killing at least five rebels.
    (AFP, 4/13/08)(AFP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, In Tanzania about 1,000 people cheered and marched with a team of 80 athletes and a Cabinet minister participating in the Olympic torch relay, the flame's only stop in Africa.
    (AP, 4/13/08)
2008        Apr 13, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said his government is working to create a NATO-like South America defense council along with Brazil and other countries.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 13, In Zambia African leaders ended an emergency meeting of the Southern African Development Community and called for the swift verification of the Zimbabwe voting results in the presence of all parties. The declaration fell far short of opposition calls for neighboring leaders to pressure President Robert Mugabe to step down after 28 years in power.
    (AP, 4/13/08)(Econ, 4/12/08, p.53)

2009        Apr 13, Pres. Obama eased curbs on Cuba travel and money transfers. A broader economic embargo introduced by Pres. Kennedy in 1962 remained in place.
    (WSJ, 4/13/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 13, In California a jury found Phil Spector (69), former rock-n-roll producer, guilty of second-degree murder in the 2003 shooting death of actress Lana Clarkson (40).
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 13, In Minnesota’s Senate race a unanimous three-judge panel ruled in favor of Democrat Al Franken, but former Republican Sen. Norm Coleman swiftly announced he would take his fight to the state Supreme Court. After a statewide recount and seven-week trial, Franken stood 312 votes ahead.
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 13, Afghan officials said an overnight NATO-led airstrike on a remote village killed six civilians, including two children. Western forces said they killed 4-8 armed militants. In southern Afghanistan Taliban gunmen used a firing squad to kill a young couple for trying to elope, shooting them with rifles in front of a crowd in a lawless, militant-controlled region. A young woman Canadian soldier was killed in southern Afghanistan and four other soldiers were wounded when their armored vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (Reuters, 4/13/09)(AP, 4/14/09)(WSJ, 4/14/09, p.A1)(Reuters, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 13, Algeria’s constitutional council officially declared Abdelaziz Bouteflika re-elected as president of Algeria for a third mandate with 90.23% of the vote on a turnout of 74.56%.
    (AFP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, China released its first human rights action plan, pledging to improve the treatment of minorities and do more to prevent the torture of detainees but said that raising living standards would remain a central goal.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, It was reported that Egypt has cracked a major Hezbollah network and arrested 49 Hezbollah members and sympathizers between November and January.
    (WSJ, 4/13/09, p.A8)
2009        Apr 13, In France a 65-year-old man opened fire on three people apparently at random, killing two. The man, who had holed up in a house in the town of Douchy-les-Mines surrendered after the shootings.
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 13, In India IJP candidate Bahadur Sonkar (48) was found hanging from an acacia tree in Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh state. Dhananjay Singh, a rival BSP candidate and alleged gangster, was accused of Sonkar’s murder.
    (http://labs.aljazeera.net/console/taxonomy/term/3043)(Econ, 4/18/09, p.47)
2009        Apr 13, In Iran Roxana Saberi (31), an Iranian-American journalist, was convicted of spying and soon sentenced to 8 years in jail. She was released from jail on May 11 after an appeals court suspended her sentence.
    (www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=101315579)(AP, 5/11/09)
2009        Apr 13, In Iraq an American soldier was killed by an armor-piercing bomb south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, In Lebanon gunmen ambushed government troops in the east of the country, spraying their military vehicle with gunfire and rocket-propelled grenades. Four soldiers were killed and an officer was wounded in the attack.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, Mexico's Congress opened a three-day debate on the merits of legalizing marijuana for personal use, a policy backed by three former Latin American presidents who warned that a crackdown on drug cartels is not working. Mexican authorities arrested a woman guarding an arsenal that included the first anti-aircraft machine gun seized in Mexico. The army captured Ruben Granados Vargas, an alleged lieutenant for the Beltran-Leyva drug cartel in the Pacific coast state of Guerrero.
    (AP, 4/13/09)(AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 13, In southern Nigeria gunmen riding in 18 boats attacked a military houseboat outside an oil facility and commandeered a naval vessel. The clashes left nine militants and one naval rating dead.
    (AP, 4/13/09)(AFP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, Pakistan’s Pres. Asif Ali Zardari signed a bill imposing Islamic law in the Swat Valley. Pakistan's Maritime Security Agency arrested 20 Indian fishermen and seized their four boats for illegally trawling in its waters in the Arabian Sea. Authorities estimated that more than 100 Pakistani fishermen languished in Indian jails while Indian authorities say nearly 500 Indian fishermen were in Pakistani prisons. Rehman Malik, Pakistan’s top civilian security official, said authorities in Karachi have arrested a Shahid Jamil Riaz, a 5th suspect in the November 2008 siege of Mumbai.
    (WSJ, 4/14/09, p.A1)(AFP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 13, An unmanned Palestinian fishing boat laden with hundreds of pounds of explosives blew up off the coast of Gaza in what the Israeli military said was an attempt to attack a naval patrol in the area.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, Paraguay’s Pres. Fernando Lugo admitted that he is the father of a child conceived while he was still a Catholic bishop in San Pedro.
    (SFC, 4/14/09, p.A2)
2009        Apr 13, In Peru a foot bridge in the highlands collapsed, sending dozens of children and teachers from a nearby school plunging more than 230 feet (70 meters) into a ravine and killing 2 teachers and six schoolchildren.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, Poland's deadliest fire in nearly 3 decades tore through a homeless shelter in the northwest, killing 21 and forcing parents to toss children from windows to rescuers.
    (AFP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, A Russian court ruled that tycoon Alexander Lebedev's registration as a candidate in the mayoral race in the Olympic city of Sochi is illegitimate.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, In Tajikistan an independent audit was posted indicating that the chairman of the Central Bank had diverted more than $850 million to a company run by himself and his family. The Ernst & Young audit said that under Murodali Alimardonov's stewardship, from 1996 to 2008, the Central Bank paid about $856 million to his Credit-Invest company, a general purpose investment concern. A further $221.5 million allocated for investment in the cotton industry in 2004-2007 remained unaccounted for.
    (AP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, Thai troops unleashed volleys of gunfire in street battles with anti-government protesters across Bangkok, forcing them back to their main rallying site in a final push to end days of turmoil.
    (AFP, 4/13/09)
2009        Apr 13, The UN Security Council unanimously condemned North Korea's April 5 rocket launch, demanded an end to missile tests and said it will expand sanctions against the reclusive communist nation.
    (AP, 4/14/09)

2010        Apr 13, US officials said President Barack Obama is reviving the NASA crew capsule concept that he had canceled with the rest of the moon program earlier this year, in a move that will mean more jobs and less reliance on the Russians. The space capsule, called Orion, will go unmanned to the International Space Station to stand by as an emergency vehicle to return astronauts home.
    (AP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 13, In Washington, DC, the leaders of 47 nations agreed to a voluntary program to prevent weapons-grade nuclear materials from falling into the hands of terrorists.
    (SFC, 4/14/10, p.A2)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.67)
2010        Apr 13, In the SF Bay Area Parima Parineh (56) was killed at her Woodside home. She had a $31 million life insurance policy. May 23, 2013, her husband Pooroushasb Parineh (67), was convicted of murder.
    (SFC, 5/25/13, p.C2)
2010        Apr 13, Chilean Roman Catholic priest Ricardo Munoz Quinteros (55) was charged with 8 cases of sexually abusing minors, including his own daughter.
    (SFC, 4/15/10, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/y552yje)
2010        Apr 13, A top Chilean executive, Roberto Baudrand (59), was found dead in his Havana apartment after being detained by Cuban authorities investigating his company, which is owned by a revolutionary-turned-businessman and friend of Fidel Castro. Baudrand was general manager of Alimentos Rio Zaza SA and served as point man in Cuba for business leader Max Marambio.
    (AP, 4/15/10)
2010        Apr 13, Ethiopian authorities and the European Union signed accords allowing EU observers to monitor May's general elections in the Horn of Africa country.
    (AFP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, First lady Michelle Obama made a surprise visit to the ruins of the Haitian capital, a high-profile reminder that hundreds of thousands remain in desperate straits three months after the earthquake.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, Indian Sikhs celebrated World Turban Day to demonstrate the importance of retaining the headgear rather than adopting Western-style haircuts.
    (AFP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, In Indian Kashmir one person was killed and 24 hurt during a strike to protest the conviction of six Muslims, including a Kashmiri separatist, for a 1996 bombing in New Delhi.
    (AFP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, In India a cyclone demolished ten of thousands of mud huts, killing 137 villagers in the northeastern parts of West Bengal and Bihar states. Officials later said more than 200,000 houses were fully or severely damaged by the storm, which packed wind speeds of 120 kph (75 mph).
    (AP, 4/14/10)(AP, 4/15/10)(AP, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 13, In Iraq a bomb planted inside a Baghdad liquor store killed three people and wounded seven.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, Israel's Supreme Court permitted an Israeli-Arab author to travel to Lebanon to receive a literary award. Ala Hlehel (35) was invited to the Beirut39 Festival this week, but laws in enemy nations prevented him from going. Hlehel is acclaimed for a collection of short stories called "The Circus" and a play.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, Gaza's Hamas rulers ordered residents to shut smuggling tunnels along the border with Egypt indefinitely, cutting off the economic lifeline for 1.5 million Palestinians in the impoverished territory. An Israeli spokesman said at least 2 Palestinian militants were killed and 2 wounded when Israeli troops shot at them as they tried to plant explosives near the border.
    (AP, 4/14/10)(SFC, 4/14/10, p.A2)
2010        Apr 13, Kyrgyzstan's deposed president said he will resign if the interim authorities guarantee his security, and the head of the security services said he was ready to make such a promise. Kyrgyzstan's interim leader said her government will extend the lease of a US air base key to the war in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, In northern Mexico two soldiers and two gunmen died in a shootout. Soldiers patrolling in the border state of Nuevo Leon gave chase to six suspicious cars that crossed into neighboring Tamaulipas state, where a gunbattle ensued in the town of Comales.
    (AP, 4/15/10)
2010        Apr 13, Nicaragua removed and destroyed its last anti-personnel mine. On June 22 the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining, or GICHD, said Nicaragua has become the last country in Central America to clear its territory of the banned weapon.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Apr 13, Nigeria's anti-corruption agency sought the arrest of Chief James Ibori, a former governor of the oil-rich Delta State (1999-2007), suspected of siphoning off millions of dollars of state assets. Hundreds of Nigerian youths rallied in the commercial capital Lagos demanding Acting President Goodluck Jonathan implement much needed electoral reforms to ensure credible national polls next year.
    (AFP, 4/13/10)(Reuters, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, Norway’s Nokia Corp. launched three less-expensive smart phones, including its first model expected to sell for under euro100 ($135), in a strong move to grab new customers in emerging markets.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, In the Philippines Muslim militants disguised as policemen and soldiers detonated bombs and opened fire in a series of coordinated attacks in southern in Isabela city, triggering clashes that killed at least 13 people. The death toll included three marines, a police officer and three militants, including Bensar Indama, the brother of militant leader Puruji Indama, whose body was found in a police uniform.
    (AP, 4/13/10)(AP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 13, Somali radio stations stopped playing music after hardline militants called it un-Islamic and ordered stations to take songs off the air. Somalis in Mogadishu could still listen to music on two stations: one that the government controls and another funded by the UN.
    (AP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, Sudanese trickled into polling stations following a two-day extension of the vote aimed at making up for a chaotic start to the country's first competitive election in over two decades.
    (AFP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, Zimbabwe's government withdrew a controversial law that would have seen foreign firms forced to cede 51 percent of their shares to locals.
    (AFP, 4/13/10)
2010        Apr 13, In Zimbabwe at least 25 people were burned to death and two dozen others injured when a bus collided with a truck laden with fertilizer on a highway in the northwest.
    (Reuters, 4/14/10)

2011        Apr 13, The US federal government ordered 16 of the nation's largest mortgage lenders and servicers to reimburse homeowners who were improperly foreclosed upon.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, The US Justice Dept. and FBI said they have seized computers and filed a civil complaint in a bid to disable a malicious botnet system called Coreflood, which has operated for nearly a decade stealing personal passwords and private financial information. The civil complaint was against 13 John Doe defendants related to the Coreflood botnet.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.D6)
2011        Apr 13, The US navy said it successfully tested a high energy laser from a ship last week. The laser beam could set on fire boat engines, such as those used by Somali pirates.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 13, A jury in San Francisco, Ca., convicted former baseball star Barry Bonds of obstruction of justice regarding his use of performance-enhancing drugs. On Sep 13, 2013, a federal appeals court upheld the felony conviction. On April 22, 2015, the conviction was reversed in a 10-1 decision by a limited en banc panel of the Ninth Circuit Court.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A1)(SFC, 9/14/13, p.C1)(SFC, 7/22/15, p.A9)
2011        Apr 13, In San Francisco BART General Manager Dorothy Duggar resigned after accepting a severance deal worth nearly $1 million.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A1)
2011        Apr 13, California state’s insurance commissioner said Sutter Health, one of the state’s largest health care givers, fraudulently charged insurers up to hundreds of millions over the past decade for anesthesia services that in some cases were not even provided.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.C1)
2011        Apr 13, Officials in Washington, DC said they planned to set up 20-30 online gambling hot spots by September in an effort to generate revenue.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 13, South Dakota inmates Eric Robert (48) and Rodney Berget (48) were charged with first degree felony murder. They had attacked prison guard Ronald Johnson (63), wrapped his head in plastic shrink wrap and left him to die as they used his uniform in an unsuccessful escape attempt.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 13, In Tennessee nursing student Holly Bobo (20) was last seen as she prepared to leave for college classes.
    (SFC, 4/15/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 13, Edin Dzeko (39) of Washington state was arrested for extraction to Bosnia for his alleged participation in the massacre of Croatian civilians in the village of Trusina as a member of a Bosnian army unit in April, 1993. 16 civilians and at least 4 disarmed soldiers were killed in the village. On Nov 15 Dzeko agreed to be extradited to Bosnia.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)(SFC, 11/16/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 13, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed 10 people in an attack on peace talks between tribal elders in eastern Kunar province. Former mujahideen commander Mohammad Zarin died along with nine others. Abu Hafs al-Najdi, described as an "Al-Qaeda senior leader," was killed in an air strike in Kunar province. NATO made the announcement on April 26. The Saudi man was also known as Abdul Ghani.
    (Reuters, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 13, Bahrain's Shiite opposition party said that another one of its supporters, the fourth to date, has died in police custody. Haji Karim Fakhrawi died in "mysterious circumstances," while his relatives pointed to a body covered in bruises saying he had died of torture. The official news agency cited the medical examiner from the army hospital saying Fakhrawi died of kidney failure.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, Belarus President Lukashenko announced three suspects had confessed to the April 11 Minsk metro bombing that killed 12 as he threatened a new wave of repression against the opposition. Two more suspects were detained by the next day.
    (AFP, 4/13/11)(Reuters, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 13, Colombia's interior minister approved the extradition to Venezuela of Walid Makled, a reputed drug kingpin who has publicly accused his home country's ruling elite of deep involvement in cocaine trafficking. It will take at least five days to extradite Makled, in order to give him a chance to appeal the decision.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In Colombia a river swollen with heavy rains swept a passenger bus off a highway in the mountainous northwest, killing at least 16 people and leaving 4 others missing.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 13, Egypt's ousted President Hosni Mubarak was put under detention in his hospital room for investigation on accusations of corruption, abuse of power and killings of protesters. His sons Alaa and Gamal were taken to Tora Prison outside Cairo.
    (AP, 4/13/11)(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 13, Iran’s first vice-president was quoted as saying in the governmental newspaper that Iran has stopped refueling "western passenger planes" since Europe-bound Iranian commercial planes were refused fuelling there.
    (AFP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In Ivory Coast forces loyal to recognized president Alassane Ouattara went house to house searching for former soldiers, whom they shot and killed. The UN human rights office in Geneva said 536 people had been killed in the country's west in recent weeks.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 13, Japan's government downgraded its assessment of the economy for the first time in six months to reflect last month's devastating earthquake and tsunami. Wholesale prices rose at the fastest pace in more than two years in an ominous sign for company profit margins.
    (Reuters, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, Libyan rebels along the eastern front line pleaded again for more NATO airstrikes and expressed hope that political developments will allow them to advance on Moammar Gadhafi's territory. Top Western and Arab envoys gathered in Qatar's capital to discuss ways to end the Libyan crisis. Members of the Transitional National Council addressed the contact group as an alternative voice for Libya's people.
    (AP, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, Mexico’s Attorney General said security forces arrested 16 municipal police officers accused of protecting drug gang hitmen who massacred dozens of people near the US border.
    (Reuters, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In Nepal lightning strikes over the last 24 hours killed 6 people in 3 separate districts.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 13, In Pakistan 2 US missile strikes killed six alleged Afghan Taliban fighters in the South Waziristan tribal region, just days after Pakistani authorities asked for greater limits on such attacks.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In South Africa Andries Tatane, a demonstrator in a central town protesting lack of basic services, was beaten to death by police. Eight police officers soon faced murder and other charges after state television showed images of the beating.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 13, Swaziland police fired tear gas and water cannons for a second day on at teachers poised to march in the commercial capital.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In Syria thousands of women and children holding white flags and olive branches blocked a main coastal highway, demanding authorities release detainees picked up during a crackdown on opponents of President Assad's authoritarian regime. Authorities released about 100 of the detainees and brought them to the area where the protesters had gathered. Protesters turned out at Damascus University in the capital and in Aleppo University in the country's north.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, The presidents of Turkey and Pakistan, meeting in Ankara, said they would support initiatives designed to end the war in Afghanistan, but they declined to confirm that a plan is under way to open a political office for Taliban in Turkey to promote peace talks.
    (AP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, The UN said that more than 800 people have been killed and 94,000 displaced because of violence in Southern Sudan this year. A top official warned of a humanitarian crisis if the violence continues. A militia aligned with the northern government reportedly attacked el-Feid and the nearby village of Um Barmbita in the Nuba Mountains of southern Kordofan state. Attackers burned between 300 to 500 houses and reportedly killed more than 20 people, including women and children.
    (AP, 4/13/11)(AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 13, Venezuela’s police seized 66 pounds (30 kg) of cocaine aboard a bus carrying members of the government-organized militias. Five suspects, including the bus driver and his assistant, were arrested.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 13, Yemeni security forces clashed with thousands of protesters who hurled rocks and burned tires in the southern port city of Aden. Soldiers shot dead two anti-regime protesters and wounded nine others in different sectors of the port city of Aden. Police attacked an army checkpoint in Amran province," 170 km (105 miles) north of Sanaa, killing one officer and wounding two soldiers.
    (AP, 4/13/11)(AFP, 4/13/11)
2011        Apr 13, In Zimbabwe a government minister and a Roman Catholic priest were arrested and detained by police for holding a memorial service for victims of massacres in western Zimbabwe after independence in 1980.
    (AP, 4/15/11)

2012        Apr 13, Pres. Obama arrived in Cartagena, Colombia, for meetings with 33 other regional leaders for the Summit of the Americas this weekend. 11 US Secret Service agents, sent to provide security for President Obama, were reported to have visited prostitutes in Cartagena. At least 20 women were in hotel rooms with US agents and military personnel just before President Barack Obama arrived for the summit.
    (AP, 4/14/12)(AP, 4/17/12)(SFC, 4/19/12, p.A5)
2012        Apr 13, The top US aid official said the country is drastically reducing the number of aid projects in Pakistan as part of reforms aimed at improving the distribution of billions of dollars in funding.
    (AP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, Arizona passed legislation that bans most abortions after 20 weeks.
    (SFC, 4/14/12, p.A5)
2012        Apr 13, A gunman on a motorcycle fired 5 shots at a couple in pickup truck in Mill Valley, Ca. Max Wade (17) was arrested on April 28. He was also implicated in the March 8, 2011, theft of a 2008 Lamborghini from British Motor Car Distributors in San Francisco. The car and motorcycle were found in storage locker in Richmond, Ca. on April 28. On Oct 30 Wade was convicted of one count of attempted murder and of auto theft. On Jan 23, 2014, Wade was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 5/1/12, p.A1)(SFC, 5/2/12, p.A9)(SFC, 5/3/12, p.C4)(SFC, 10/31/13, p.A10)(SFC, 1/24/14, p.A1)
2012        Apr 13, Australia's Qantas launched the nation's first commercial flight using a mixture of refined cooking oil, saying it would not survive if it relied solely on traditional jet fuel. Australia's tax on carbon emissions comes into force on July 1.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, A British judge sentenced computer hacker James Jeffery (27) to two years and eight months in jail for breaking into the website of Britain's biggest abortion provider and stealing the personal details of thousands of women.
    (AP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, Canada unveiled long-delayed regulations for cutting emissions that aim to make big trucks and buses up to 23 percent less polluting by 2018.
    (Reuters, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, In China an outbreak of H5N1 bird flu was discovered in Touying township of the Ningxia region after over 23,000 chickens began showing symptoms. Some 95,000 chickens were quickly culled.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 13, Colombia's Jose Antonio Ocampo withdrew from the race to lead the World Bank, endorsing Nigerian Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala's challenge against the favored US candidate.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 13, In Egypt thousands of Islamists packed Cairo's Tahrir Square to pressure the country's ruling generals to bar Hosni Mubarak-era officials, including his former spy chief, from running in the upcoming presidential elections.
    (AP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, In Guinea-Bissau a communique from an unidentified military commander was released claiming soldiers do not want to seize power, but instead were trying to halt an invasion from Angolan troops. The unidentified military commander claimed that PM Gomes was going to allow troops from Angola, another former Portuguese colony in Africa, to attack military forces in Guinea-Bissau. The UN Security Council unanimously condemned the coup.
    (AP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, India's Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee described as "totally baffling" a huge downward revision in industrial output data that undermined hopes the nation's economy was recovering. January industrial output growth a day earlier was revised downward to 1.1 percent from an initial 6.8 percent estimate.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, Indonesian police arrested two suspected terrorists in the town of Bima in West Nusa Tenggara province. The suspects were part of a terror group that killed a police officer in a 2010 bank robbery in the north Sumatra town of Medan.
    (AFP, 4/15/12)
2012        Apr 13, A Japanese "black widow" was sentenced to death in a case known by the name of the female spider that eats its partner after mating. Kanae Kijima (37) was convicted of murdering three men, aged 41, 53 and 80, whom she met through Internet dating sites.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, Mongolia’s police detained former Pres. Nambariin Enkhbayar on charges of alleged corruption. A day earlier Enkhbayar released internal government documents finding Pres. Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj responsible for inciting deadly violence following the last parliamentary elections in 2008.
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.45)
2012        Apr 13, In Myanmar British PM David Cameron and opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi issued a joint call for the suspension of sanctions against the former pariah state after landmark talks. Cameron also met reformist President Thein Sein as he became the first Western leader in decades to visit the country.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, Nigeria's Pres. Goodluck Jonathan signed on a $31 billion budget for 2012 in Africa's largest crude producer amid concern it has not done enough to guard against a possible future slide in oil prices.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 13, In Nigeria the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) attacked oil installations belonging to Italian firm ENI.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, North Korea’s satellite launch, hailed as a moment of national pride, ended in failure when the rocket disintegrated over the Yellow Sea, earning Pyongyang embarrassment as well as condemnation from a host of nations that deemed it a covert test of missile technology.
    (AP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, In the Philippines suspected extortionists bombed a bus in Carmen town, North Cotabato province, killing 3 passengers and wounding 16 others.
    (SFC, 4/14/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 13, Spanish officials warned Argentina that the country risks becoming "an international pariah" if it follows through on its threats to nationalize Spanish-owned energy company Repsol's majority stake in its South American YPF unit. concern" YPF represents 42 percent of Repsol's total reserves, estimated at 2.1 billion barrels of crude.
    (AP, 4/13/12)
2012        Apr 13, Spain's King Juan Carlos (74) was injured while on an expensive elephant hunting trip in Botswana amid the nation's deep financial woes. The accident required a hip replacement and led to scathing criticism amid the nation's deep financial woes.
    (AP, 4/15/12)
2012        Apr 13, In Syria tens of thousands of poured into the streets for anti-government protests in the first major test of a UN-brokered truce. Government troops fought with rebels near the border with Turkey, and other scattered violence was reported. 6 civilians were killed.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)(AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 13, The Yemeni Defense Ministry said that the death toll among al-Qaida militants in clashes in Abyan province had reached nearly 200.
    (AP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 13, Zimbabwe state media said the country will suffer a one million ton maize deficit due to drought, after nearly half of the national crop now coming up for harvest has failed. The United Nations has already appealed for $488 million dollars in food aid for Zimbabwe for last year and the first months of this year.
    (AFP, 4/13/12)

2013        Apr 13, Months of increased tension at the Guantanamo Bay prison boiled over into a clash between guards and detainees as the military closed Camp 6, a communal section of the facility and moved its inmates into single cells. Prisoners participating in a hunger strike had covered up security cameras and blocked windows.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 13, San Francisco Symphony musicians accepted concessions and voted to ratify a new 26-month contract.
    (SSFC, 4/14/13, p.C7)
2013        Apr 13, John Galardi (75), founder of the Wienerschnitzel hot dog chain, died in southern California.
    (SFC, 4/17/13, p.E7)
2013        Apr 13, The renowned London School of Economics denounced the BBC for using a student-organized trip to North Korea as "cover" for a reporting trip to the secretive communist country.
    (AP, 4/14/13)
2013        Apr 13, Central African Republic rebel leader Michel Djotodia was elected president by the National Transitional Council. He was the only candidate and was elected unanimously by the 105 council members.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 13, China and the US committed to a process aimed at ridding North Korea of its nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 13, Chinese officials said a girl (7) has died in Beijing from H7N9 bird flu, becoming the 11th victim tied to the new strain.
    (SSFC, 4/14/13, p.A4)
2013        Apr 13, Congolese Justice Minister Wivine Mumba said a dozen senior officers in the Congolese army have been arrested for responsibility for mass rapes committed by several army units in eastern Congo in November 2012.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 13, In France Redoine Faid's took four guards hostage and used explosives hidden inside tissue packets to blast his way out of a prison in Lille, near the Belgian border. On May 29 the French Interior Ministry said Faid was arrested overnight in Pontaut-Combault with an accomplice.
    (AP, 4/15/13)(AP, 5/29/13)
2013        Apr 13, In Indonesia a Lion Air plane carrying more than 100 passengers overshot a runway on the Indonesian resort island of Bali and crashed into the sea. All of the passengers and crew were evacuated from the plane. 7 passengers were taken to Sanglah hospital with head wounds and broken bones.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 13, Netherlands' Queen Beatrix officially reopened the Rijksmuseum, the country's national museum, after a 10-year, 375 million euro ($480 million) renovation.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 13, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb planted in a bus killed at least eight passengers and wounded seven others as it passed a crowded bazar on its way from Peshawar to a nearby town.
    (AP, 4/14/13)
2013        Apr 13, Palestinian PM Salaam Fayyad resigned, leaving the Palestinians without one of their most moderate and well-respected voices just as the US began launching a new push for Mideast peace.
    (AP, 4/14/13)
2013        Apr 13, In Peru a bus plunged off an Andean highway into a river, killing at least 27 people.
    (SSFC, 4/14/13, p.A4)
2013        Apr 13, Poland unveiled a giant statue of the late Pope John Paul II in the southern city of Czestochowa and billed it as the world's tallest.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 13, Russia named 18 Americans banned from entering the country in response to Washington imposing sanctions on 18 Russians for alleged human rights violations.
    (AP, 4/13/13)
2013        Apr 13, A Syrian government airstrike on Saraqeb in the country's northwest killed at least 20 people. A government air raid on the disputed Sheikh Maqsoud neighborhood in Aleppo killed at least 3 people and wound 16 others. Syrian troops, trying to relieve a besieged military base, ambushed a rebel checkpoint, killing at least 21 opposition fighters.
    (AP, 4/13/13)(SSFC, 4/14/13, p.A4)
2013        Apr 13, Pope Francis marked his first month as pope by naming nine high-ranking prelates from around the globe to a permanent advisory group to help him run the Catholic Church and study a reform of the Vatican bureaucracy.
    (AP, 4/13/13)

2014        Apr 13, In Washington DC a G20 official said reforms to the International Monetary Fund have hit a deadlock despite a declaration from global financial chiefs that they would move forward without the United States if it fails to ratify the changes by year-end.
    (Reuters, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, In Kansas 3 people were killed after Frazier Glenn Miller (73) of Aurora, Mo., opened fire outside at two Jewish sites in Overland Park. On Aug 31, 2015 Miller, a former leader of the defunct North Carolina-based White Patriot Party, was convicted of murder and other charges. On Sep 8, 2015, a jury recommended the death penalty.
    (SFC, 4/14/14, p.A8)(SFC, 9/1/15, p.A5)(SFC, 9/9/15, p.A6)
2014        Apr 13, In Utah Megan Huntsman (39) was arrested after police reported tiny bodies stuffed into separate cardboard boxes in the garage of her former home in Pleasant Grove. She had 7 babies between 1996 and 2006. Estranged husband Darren West discovered the bodies a day earlier while cleaning out the garage. On April 28 she was charged with 6 counts of 1st degree murder. On April 20, 2015, Huntsman was sentenced to at least 30 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/14/14, p.A8)(SFC, 4/15/14, p.A6)(SFC, 4/21/15, p.A5)
2014        Apr 13, An Afghan official said 1,892 complaints of fraud in this month's presidential election are being investigated but the number is lower than that of the last election. A Taliban ambush killed three members of a local militia that rose up against insurgent control in Andar district in the eastern province of Ghazni.
    (AP, 4/13/14)(AP, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 13, In Algeria six armed militants were killed in operations in the center and far east of the country.
    (AP, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 13, Wilson Kipsang (32) of Kenya captured his second London Marathon title by breaking the course record by 11 seconds in 2 hours, 4 minutes, 29 seconds. Kenya's Edna Kiplagat saw off compatriot Florence Kiplagat to win the women's London Marathon.
    (AP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, Chinese state media reported that authorities have seized more than 10,000 illegal guns in the southwestern province of Guizhou, marking its largest haul of illegal firearms. Fifteen people suspected of being part of a criminal gang involved in the manufacturing and trafficking of firearms were arrested.
    (Reuters, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, Chinese conglomerate Sanpower said it has agreed to buy a majority stake in British department store House of Fraser in a deal worth £480 million (578 million euros, $800 million).
    (AP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, Egypt’s state news agency reported the arrest of Wael Ahmed Abdel Fattah, a veteran of the Syrian civil war, on suspicion of planning terrorist acts inside Egypt.
    (Reuters, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, German media citing official sources said the government will not approve a reported deal to sell up to 800 Leopard-2 battle tanks to Saudi Arabia.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, Guinea-Bissau held watershed elections for a president and parliament aimed at ushering in a new era of stability in a country plagued by drugs and upended by a military coup.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, In Hong Kong Wong Kar Wai's much lauded kung fu epic "The Grandmaster" won a record dozen honors at the Hong Kong Film Awards.
    (AP, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 13, Iran state news said the government has complained to the UN about the United States refusing to grant a visa to Hamid Abutaleb, its newly appointed UN ambassador over his role in the 1979 hostage crisis.
    (Reuters, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 13, In northern Iraq bombings targeting security forces killed at least 16 people.
    (AP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, In Israel Ibrahim Hamed, a former Hamas military leader serving multiple life sentences, declared an open-ended hunger strike in protest at his solitary confinement.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, Japan’s Agricultural Ministry said two chickens have tested positive for avian influenza at a farm where more than 1,000 chickens have died, marking the country's first case of bird flu in three years.
    (Reuters, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, In Kashmir suspected rebels attacked a pro-India politician's house with a hail of bullets killing two police guards.
    (AP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, Libya's PM Abdullah al-Thani stepped down, saying he and his family had been the victims of a "traitorous" armed attack the previous day. Thani said he would stay on in a caretaker capacity until a new prime minister is appointed.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, Macedonians voted for a new president in a poll seen as a test for the ruling party ahead of general elections later this month in the EU candidate country.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, A Malaysian man (54), who went on a pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia, became the first death in Asia from Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
    (AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 13, In the Netherlands Eliud Kipchoge of Kenya won the Rotterdam Marathon, but failed in his bid to break the course record on a windy day in the port city.
    (AP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, The streets of North Korea's capital filled with runners from all over the world for the annual Pyongyang marathon, which was open to foreign amateurs this year for the first time.
    (AP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, In Moscow more than 10,000 people rallied to denounce Russian state TV news coverage particularly of the crisis in Ukraine.
    (SFC, 4/14/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 13, A powerful earthquake with a magnitude of 7.5 struck off the Solomon Islands, hours after a 7.6 tremor. No casualties or damages were reported.
    (AFP, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, Glencore, based in Switzerland, said it has signed an agreement to sell its entire interest in the Peruvian Las Bambas copper mine to a consortium led by MMG Ltd., a mining company controlled by state-owned China Minmetals Nonferrous Metals Co. Ltd.
    (AP, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 13, In Syria shelling and firefights between government forces and rebels in Aleppo killed at least 29 people over the last 24 hours. Activists from the "Syrian Revolution in Kfar Zeita" posted video footage and pictures of an unexploded canister with the chemical symbol for chlorine, Cl2, on its side which they said was found in Kfar Zeita village. Rebels and the government have blamed each other for the alleged poison gas attacks on April 11-12.
    (AP, 4/13/14)(Reuters, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 13, Ukrainian special forces exchanged gunfire with a pro-Russia militia in the eastern city of Slovyansk, with at least one security officer killed and five others wounded. Separatist protesters seized control of the mayor's office in the town of Mariupol.
    (AP, 4/13/14)(Reuters, 4/13/14)
2014        Apr 13, The United Arab Emirates finance minister said that officials are finalizing a new law to boost entrepreneurship with broad incentives, part of a wider push to create jobs for a burgeoning young population. Pres. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahyan signed into law a measure to promote small firms.
    (AP, 4/13/14)(Econ, 4/19/14, p.61)

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