Today in History - April 14

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193        Apr 14, Lucius Septimius Severus (d.211), a native son of Leptis Magna in Libya, was crowned emperor of Rome. Under his rule the empire reached its greatest extent with almost 50 provinces.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Septimius_Severus)(SSFC, 6/27/04, p.D12)

711        Apr 14, Childebert III (~27), king of the French, died.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

979        Apr 14, There was a challenge to throne of King Aethelred II, the Unrede (Unready), of England (979-1016). He attempted to buy peace with from Scandinavian invaders and called for England’s 1st general tax, the Danegeld. Some 140,000 pounds of silver was paid in tribute.
    (WSJ, 5/24/01, p.A20)(MC, 4/14/02)

1099        Apr 14, Conrad, bishop of Utrecht, was stabbed to death.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1191        Apr 14, Giacinto Bobo (85) became Pope Coelestinus III.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1229        Apr 14, A scribe name John completed a religious text that overwrote a manuscript attributed to Archimedes that had been copied by a scribe in the 10th century. In 2006 scientists attempted to read the final pages of the Archimedes palimpsest, which contained text from his “Method of Mechanical Theorems."
    (Econ, 7/22/06, p.76)

1430        Apr 14, A band of Hussites raided the monastery at Czestochowa, Poland, and robbed it of its precious artifacts.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yacc288)

1433        Apr 14, Liduina van Schiedam (53), Dutch mystic (Christ's Bride), saint, died.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1471        Apr 14, On Easter Sunday Edward IV led an army of mercenaries and Yorkists at the Battle of Barnet and defeated the Lancastrians under the Earl of Warwick. Richard Neville Warwick (42), 2nd earl of Salisbury, was killed in battle. Margaret of Anjou returned from France. With her son, the Prince of Wales, she planned to join with Jasper Tudor, a Welsh ally, and attack Edward west of London.
    (MH, 12/96)(HN, 4/14/00)

1528        Apr 14, A Spanish expedition, led by Panfilo de Narvaez, arrived at the west coast of Florida with 400 soldiers and 42 horses.
    (ON, 10/03, p.1)

1536        Apr 14, English king Henry VIII expropriated minor monasteries.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1543        Apr 14, Bartoleme Ferrelo returned to Spain after discovering a large bay in the New World (San Francisco).
    (HN, 4/14/99)

1552        Apr 14, Laurentius Andreae, [Lars Andersson], Swedish church reformer, died.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1570        Apr 14, Polish Calvinists, Lutherans, Hernhutters unified against the Jesuits.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1578        Apr 14, Philip III, king of Spain and Portugal (1598-1621), was born.
    (HN, 4/14/98)

1592        Apr 14, Abraham Elsevier, book publisher, was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1611        Apr 14, Word "telescope" was 1st used by Prince Federico Cesi.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1629        Apr 14, Christian Huygens (d.1695), Dutch astronomer, discoverer of Saturn's rings, was born. He invented the pendulum and along with Newton showed that any body revolving around a center is actually accelerating constantly toward that center, even though the rate of rotation remains constant.
    (http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bl_huygens.htm)(TNG, Klein, p.30)

1676        Apr 14, Ernst Christian Hesse, composer, was born in Thuringian town of Gros sengottern.
    (www.cello.org/heaven/wasiel/intro3.htm)

1695        Apr 13-14, Jean de la Fontaine (73), French poet (Fables), died.
    (MC, 4/13/02)(MC, 4/14/02)

1721        Apr 14, William Augustus duke of Cumberland, English army leader ("Butcher of Culloden"), was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1723        Apr 14, John Wainwright, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1756        Apr 14, Gov. Glen of South Carolina protested against 900 Acadia Indians.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1759        Apr 14, Georg Friedrich Handel (74), German-born composer, died in London.  He had composed some 30 oratorios.
    (LGC-HCS, p.41)(AP, 4/14/97)(SFC, 9/16/97, p.E1)

1762        Apr 14, Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect, archaeologist, was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1775        Apr 14, The first American society for the abolition of slavery was organized by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 4/14/97)(HN, 4/14/98)
1775        Apr 14, Gen. Thomas Gage, commander of British forces in North America, received orders from Parliament authorizing him to use aggressive military force against the American rebels.
    (ON, 3/01, p.2)

1777        Apr 14, NY adopted a new constitution as an independent state. Governor Morris was the chief writer of the state constitution. [see Apr 20]
    (MC, 4/14/02)(WSJ, 5/28/03, p.D8)

1792        Apr 14, Pres. George Washington appointed David Rittenhouse, the foremost scientist of America, the first director of the US Mint at a salary of $2000 per annum. Rittenhouse was then in feeble health and lived at the northwest corner of Seventh and Arch Streets, then one of the high places of Old Philadelphia, where he had an observatory and where he later died and was first buried.
    (http://tinyurl.com/per3q6f)

1793        Apr 14, A royalist rebellion in Santo Domingo was crushed by French republican troops.
    (HN, 4/14/99)

1797        Apr 14, Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77), was born. [see Apr 18]
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1799        Apr 14, Napoleon called for establishing Jerusalem for Jews.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1809        Apr 14, Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1813        Apr 14, Junius S. Morgan, US merchant, philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art), was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1813        Apr 14, Joachim Nicolas Eggert (34), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1818        Apr 14, The US Medical Corp. formed.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1819        Apr 14, Charles Halle, pianist, conductor, founder (Halle Orch), was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1828        Apr 14, The first edition of Noah Webster's "American Dictionary of the English Language" was published. Webster had finished writing it in England in January, 1825.
    (AP, 4/14/97)(HN, 4/14/98)(http://tinyurl.com/2hyj76)

1841        Apr 14, Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in the Rue Morgue," published. [see Mar 20, Apr 20]
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1843        Apr 14, Joseph Franz Karl Lanner (42), Austria, composer, violist, died.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1853        Apr 14, Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves to escape.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1856        May 14, James P. Casey, editor of the SF Times, shot James King, proprietor of the rival Evening Bulletin. King died 3 days later. A “Vigilance Committee" of 2,600 later marched up Sacramento St. and broke into the jail where Casey was held. He was lynched with his unfortunate cell mate.
    (SFEC, 3/8/98, BR p.1)

1859        Apr 14, Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" was published.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1859        Apr 14, Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy (b.1783), Bombay (later Mumbai) merchant and philanthropist, died. He is best know for pioneering India’s opium trade to China.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Jamsetjee_Jejeebhoy,_1st_Baronet)

1860        Apr 14, First Pony Express rider arrived in San Francisco with mail originating in St. Joseph, Missouri.
    (HN, 4/14/98)

1861        Apr 14, Winfield Scott, US general-in-chief, met with Pres. Lincoln and his cabinet to plan a response to the surrender of Fort Sumter. They decided to enlarge the 17,000 member US army and raise 75,000 new volunteers to suppress the rebellion.
    (ON, 12/05, p.11)

1862        Apr 14, Battle and subsequent massacre of black Union soldiers at Ft. Pillow, TN.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1863        Apr 14, William Bullock patented a continuous-roll printing press.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1865        Apr 14, On the evening of Good Friday, just after 10 p.m., Pres. Lincoln was shot and mortally wounded by John Wilkes Booth while attending the comedy "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater in Washington DC. Southern sympathizer John Wilkes Booth burst into the presidential box and shot Lincoln behind the ear. Booth shouted out “sic semper tyrannis" (thus always to tyrants), Virginia’s state motto, after shooting Pres. Lincoln. He leaped to the stage, breaking his left leg on impact, and escaped through a side door. Lincoln was carried to a nearby house where he remained unconscious until his death at 7:22 the following morning. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, who had kept vigil at Lincoln's bedside, said, "Now he belongs to the ages." As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.277)(AP, 4/14/97)(AP, 4/14/98)(HNPD, 4/14/00)(WSJ, 10/13/06, p.W13)
1865        Apr 14, A 2nd assassin stabbed the Sec. of State 5 times. George Atzerodt, a 3rd assassin for the vice president, got cold feet.
    (SSFC, 4/8/01, Par p.12)(WSJ, 2/2/05, p.B1)
1865        Apr 14, Mobile, Alabama, was captured.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1866        Apr 14, Anne Sullivan (d.1936), teacher to Helen Keller, was born in Feeding Hills, Mass.
    (ON, 2/10, p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Sullivan_Macy)

1883        Apr 14, Leo Delibes' opera "Lakme," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1887        Apr 14, Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Reigate Squires."
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1889        Apr 14, Arnold Toynbee (d.1975), English historian, was born. He wrote the 12-volume "A Study of History." "The history of almost every civilization furnishes examples of geographical expansion coinciding with deterioration in quality." “Of the 20 or so civilizations known to modern Western historians, all except our own appear to be dead or moribund, and, when we diagnose each case ... we invariably find that the cause of death has been either War or Class or some combination of the two."
     (AP, 3/24/98)(AP, 8/24/98)(HN, 4/14/99)

1890        Apr 14, The First International Conference of American States met in Washington, where delegates agreed to form the International Union of American Republics, a forerunner of the Organization of American States.
    (AP, 4/14/08)

1894        Apr 14, Thomas Edison made his first public showing of the kinetoscope. The first Kinetoscope Parlor opened in New York City where you could view moving film through a magnifying lens. Thomas Edison invented the Kinetograph in 1889, a cinema camera that utilized celluloid roll film that had been developed by George Eastman in 1888. The Kinetoscope, developed by Edison in 1891, was a peephole viewer in which the developed film moved continuously under a magnifying glass. The Cinematographe and Vitascope were later machines that actually projected images onto a screen. The Stroboscope and Phenakistoscope were devices developed in 1832, predating photography, that attempted to show apparent motion from a series of drawings on a revolving disc.
    (HN, 4/14/98)(HNQ, 2/17/00)

1895        Apr 14, 1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1896        Apr 14, John Philip Sousa's opera, "El Capitan," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1898        Apr 14, Harold Black, electrical engineer, was born.
    (HN, 4/14/01)

1900        Apr 14, Salvatore Baccaloni, basso buffo (Barber of Seville, l'Eosir d'Amore) actor (Merry Andrew, Rock-a-Bye Baby), was born in Rome.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1900        Apr 14, Gates opened to the World Fair, the Great Exposition in Paris. For a few months 210 temporary pavilions from different countries and architectural styles lined the Seine. The Exposition Universale included the Exposition Decennale, an art show of painting and sculpture from the previous decade. The first working escalator (patented in 1859), was manufactured by the Otis Elevator Company for the Paris Exposition. During the expo Rudolf Diesel demonstrated an engine that ran on peanut oil.
    (http://tinyurl.com/hbldt)(WSJ, 2/16/00, p.A14)(HN, 8/9/00)(Econ, 5/14/05, p.71)

1902        Apr 14, Menachem A. Schneerson, rebee (head of Lubavitcher Jews), was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1902        Apr 14, James Cash Penney (J.C. Penney) opened his first Golden Rule Store for clothes, shoes and dry goods in Kemmerer, Wyoming. It grew to a chain and was renamed J.C. Penney in 1913. By 1929 there were 1,395 stores in the chain.
    (www.jcpenney.net/company/history/milestn/milestn.htm)(AP, 4/14/97)

1903        Apr 14, Dr. Harry Plotz in NYC discovered a vaccine against typhoid.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1904        Apr 14, Sir John Gielgud, actor, was born.
    (HN, 4/14/98)
1904        Apr 14, George Bernard Shaw's "Candide," premiered in London.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1907        Apr 14, Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, dictator of Haiti, was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1910        Apr 14, President William Howard Taft began a sports tradition by throwing out the first pitch on baseball’s Opening Day. Taft threw to Washington Senator pitcher Walter Johnson, who went on to hurl a shutout win, allowing the Philadelphia Phillies just one hit and ending the day with a 3-0 victory for Washington.
    (HNQ, 8/9/02)

1912        Apr 14, The British liner Titanic, on her maiden voyage and hailed as ‘the unsinkable ship,’ collided with an iceberg in the North Atlantic and began sinking.
    (AP, 4/14/97)(HN, 4/14/99)

1913        Apr 14, Mary Phagan (13) was found killed at an Atlanta pencil factory. She had stopped to pick up her check on her way to Peachtree Street to see a Confederate Memorial Day Parade. Leo Frank (29), a Jewish factory manager, was falsely accused of raping and murdering the young girl. Georgia Gov. John M. Slaton later commuted Frank’s sentence to life, but a vigilante crowd dragged him out of prison and lynched him on Aug 17. In 1968 Leonard Dinnerstein authored “The Leo Frank Case." The story is covered in the 1997 novel "The Old Religion" by David Mamet. In 1998 the musical "Parade" was produced based on the Frank lynching.
    (SFEC, 1/4/98, BR p.6)(WSJ, 12/22/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 6/9/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 1/17/09, p.W8)
1913        Apr 14, Jean Fournet, French conductor, was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1914        Apr 14, Stacy G. Carkhuff patented a non-skid tire pattern.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1916        Apr 14, Emerson Buckley, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1916        Apr 14, Sir Ernest Shackleton and his 27 man crew landed at Elephant Island off the Antarctic Peninsula.
    (ON, 5/00, p.10)

1920        Apr 14, John Paul Stevens, US Supreme Court Justice, was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1922        Apr 14, Irish Republic rebels occupied 4 government courts in Dublin.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1924        Apr 14, Louis Henri Sullivan (67), American architect (Wainwright building St Louis), died. He wrote an autobiography entitled “The Autobiography of an Idea." “Imagination is the greatest of man’s single working powers - and the trickiest; as the intellect is the frailest, the most subject to derangement, the most given to cowardice and betrayal, unless it be held steady and sane by the power of instinct."
    (Hem., 7/95, p.82)(MC, 4/14/02)

1925        Apr 14, Rod Steiger, film actor (Illustrated Man, Pawnbroker), was born in West Hampton, NY.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A6)(MC, 4/14/02)

1927        Apr 14, In California lobbyist Harry Hill (b.1880) shot and killed Marybelle Wallace, who had spurned his romantic advances. Hill, a Sacramento lobbyist, then shot and killed himself. Wallace was an employee of Sen. Lyon.
    (Sacramento Bee, 4/15/27, p.1,30)(http://tinyurl.com/by6o9t3)

1930        Apr 14, Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1931        Apr 14, In Spain a Republic was declared. King Alfonso XIII of Spain was overthrown and went into exile, and the Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A12)(HN, 4/14/98)(AP, 4/14/08)

1932        Apr 14, Bizet's, Massine's and Miro's "Jeux d'Enfants," premiered in Monte Carlo.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1932        Apr 14, Germany’s Pres. Hindenburg signed a decree outlawing Nazi SA and SS. Chancellor Bruning thought this would curb Hitler’s growth. Instead, it will prove to be Bruning’s fall.
    (www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/germany/index.htm)

1935        Apr 14, Loretta Lynn, singer (Coal Miner's Daughter), was born in Butcher's Hollow, Ky. In 1948 she married Doo Lynn (d.1996). she recorded her 1st single in 1960: “I’m a Honky Tonk Girl."
    (MC, 4/14/02)(SSFC, 1/26/03, Par p.8)
1935        Apr 14, A major sandstorm ravaged the US Midwest. The Black Sunday was the worst day of the almost decade long Dust Bowl era. It ravaged Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas. In 2005 Timothy Egan authored “The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl."
    (SSFC, 1/8/06, p.M1)(www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/depression/dustbowl.htm)(Sm, 3/06, p.111)

1936        Apr 14, Anne Sullivan (b.1866), teacher to Helen Keller, died in Forest Hills, NYC.
    (ON, 2/10, p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Sullivan_Macy)

1939        Apr 14, The John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" was first published.
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, DB p.71)(AP, 4/14/97)
1939        Apr 14, The motion picture "Wuthering Heights," starring Merle Oberon and Laurence Olivier, premiered in New York.
    (AP, 4/14/99)

1940        Apr 14, Allied troops landed in Norway.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1941        Apr 14, Julie Christie, actress (Dr Zhivago), was born in Assam, India.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1941        Apr 14, Pete Rose, Cincinnati Reds, (most hits in majors), was born.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1941        Apr 14, The 1st massive German raid in Paris rounded up 3,600 Jews. [see May 14]
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1942        Apr 14, Destroyer Roper sank German U-85 of US east coast.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1944        Apr 14, Gen. Eisenhower became head commander of allied air fleet.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1944        Apr 14, 1st Jews transported from Athens arrived at Auschwitz.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1945        Apr 14, Robert Dole, later US senator and 1996 presidential candidate, was severely crippled by an artillery shell. During World War II, Robert Dole served in the 85th Regiment of the 10th Mountain Division. While stationed in Italy he participated in Operation Craftsman where he was wounded during a firefight with German troops. Dole spent nearly 40 months in army hospitals and lost most of the use of his right arm as a result.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, p.A-4)(HNQ, 2/7/02)
1945        Apr 14, US 7th Army and allies forces captured Nuremberg and Stuttgart, Germany.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1945        Apr 14, US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1945        Apr 14, B-29's damaged the Imperial Palace during firebombing raid over Tokyo.
    (HN, 4/14/98)
1945        Apr 14, Arnhem and Zwolle were freed from Nazis.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1948        Apr 14, Walter P. Reuther, Pres (United Auto Workers), was shot at his home.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1949        Apr 14, The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg’s made its last judgment.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1949        Apr 14, Joseph A. Cushman (68), US paleontologist, died.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1950        Apr 14, A national security report, NSC-68, was presented to Pres. Truman. It was in response to a directive issued by Truman on January 31: “to undertake a reexamination of our objectives in peace and war and of the effect of these objectives on our strategic plans, in the light of the probable fission bomb capability and possible thermonuclear bomb capability of the Soviet Union."
    (www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/nsc-68/nsc68-1.htm)

1951        Aug 14, Newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst died in Beverly Hills, Calif. at age 88. In 2000 David Nasaw authored "The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst." W.A. Swanberg was the author of the biography “Citizen Hearst."
    (SFEC, 8/11/96, p.A19)(AP, 8/14/98)(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/16/00, p.W8)(SFEC, 7/2/00, BR p.1)

1953        Apr 14, Viet Minh invaded Laos with 40,000 troops in their war against French colonial forces.
    (HN, 4/14/01)

1956        Apr 14, "Plain and Fancy" closed at Mark Hellinger Theater in NYC after 476 performances.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1956        Apr 14, Ampex Corporation demonstrated its first commercial videotape recorder, later renamed the Mark IV, at the National Association of Radio and Television Broadcasters Convention in Chicago.
    (AP, 4/14/00)

1958        Apr 14, A crowd of some 200,000 swarmed Market St. to welcome the Giants baseball team translocated to San Francisco from New York by owner Horace Stoneham (d.1990).
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.6)(SSFC, 1/4/15, DB p.42)
1958        Apr 14, Sputnik 2 (with dog Laika) burned up in the atmosphere.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1959        Apr 14, The Taft Memorial Bell Tower was dedicated in Washington, D.C.
    (HN, 4/14/98)

1960        Apr 14, "Bye Bye Birdie" opened at Martin Beck Theater in NYC for 607 performances.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1960        Apr 14, The 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile.
    (MC, 4/14/02)

1961        Apr 14, Cuban-American invasion army departed Nicaragua.
    (MC, 4/14/02)
1961        Apr 14, The Soviet Union made its first live television broadcast.
    (HN, 4/14/98)

1964        Apr 14, Rachel L. Carson (56), American biologist, author (Silent spring), died. She raised public awareness of environmental pollution and ecological issues with a number of best-selling books -- notably Silent Spring (1962). In 1997 Linda Gear wrote the biography: "Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature." In 2012 William Souder authored “On a Farther Shore: The Life and Legacy of Rachel Carson."
    (SFEC, 9/14/97, BR p.3)(HNQ, 4//01)(SSFC, 9/2/12, p.F4)

1965        Apr 14, Perry E. Smith and Robert E. Hickok, US murderers, were hanged. Their 1959 murder of a Kansas farm family was described by Truman Capote (1924-1984) in his 1965 book: “In Cold Blood"
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perry_Smith_(murderer))(WSJ, 5/19/07, p.P8)

1967        Apr 14, In San Francisco thousands marched from the Ferry building to Kezar Stadium against the Vietnam war. The marchers filled the 40,000 capacity stadium.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, Z1 p.4)

1968        Apr 14, The gay-themed play, "The Boys in the Band" by Mart Crowley, opened off Broadway at Theater Four and set a new genre. A film version was released in 1970.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(WSJ, 8/28/96, p.A10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Boys_in_the_Band)

1969        Apr 14, In the 41st Academy Awards "Oliver" won as best picture, Cliff Robertson won as best actor (Charly), Katherine Hepburn tied as best actress (Lion in Winter) with Barbara Streisand (Funny Girl).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/41st_Academy_Awards)
1969        Apr 14, The first major league baseball game in Canada was played in Montreal. The expansion Montreal Expos hosted their first game north of the border, marking the first time a regular season major league game is played outside of the US. The Expos won their debut at Jarry Park, edging the St. Louis Cardinals, 8-7.
    (HN, 4/14/98)(www.baseball-reference.com/bullpen/1969_Expos)
1969        Apr 14, In NYC the student Afro-American Society seized Columbia College.
    (http://beatl.barnard.columbia.edu/stand_columbia/Timeline1965-69.html)
1969        Apr 14, A tornado struck Dacca in East Pakistan killing 660.
    (www.bangladeshtornadoes.org/climo/btorcli0.htm)

1970        Apr 14, The Sandy Wilson musical "Boy Friend" opened at Ambassador Theater in NYC for 119 performances. The original London production was in 1954.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Boy_Friend)

1971        Apr 14, President Nixon ended a blockade against People's Republic of China.
    {NixonR, USA, China}
    (www.china.org.cn/english/features/olympics/100660.htm)

1977        Apr 14, Computer enthusiasts gathered for the 1st West Coast Computer Faire at the SF Civic Auditorium. An estimated 20-30 thousand American homes had computers.
    (SFC, 4/12/02, p.G6)

1980        Apr 14, In the 52nd Academy Awards held in Los Angeles "Kramer vs. Kramer" won as the best picture and Dustin Hoffman won the best actor award for his role in the film. Sally Field won as best actress for her role in “Norma Rae."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/52nd_Academy_Awards)

1981        Apr 14, The first test flight of America's first operational space shuttle, the Columbia 1, ended successfully with a landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
    (AP, 4/14/97)(HN, 4/14/98)

1986        Apr 14, Americans got first word of the U.S. air raid on Libya (because of the time difference, it was the early morning of April 15th where the attack occurred). US aircraft attacked five terrorist locations in Libya in response to the Apr 5 terrorist attack in Berlin. In 2003 Joseph T. Stanik authored “El Dorado Canyon," an account of the military strike.
    (AP, 4/14/97)(HN, 4/14/98)(SFC, 12/18/99, p.C4)(WSJ, 2/11/03, p.D8)
1986        Apr 14, Italy, which opposed an American strike against Libya, warned Libya a day before the strike, which was launched from a NATO base on the Sicilian island of Lampedusa.
    (AP, 10/30/08)
1986        Apr 14, Desmond Tutu was elected Anglican archbishop of Capetown.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lqrlx)
1986        Apr 14, Simone de Beauvoir (b.1908), French feminist author, died in Paris. Her books included “The Second Sex" (1949). In 2008 her Wartime Diary was published in English.
    (AP, 4/14/02)(SFC, 12/23/08, p.E3)

1987        Apr 14, Secretary of State George P. Shultz met at the Kremlin with Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who proposed the elimination of short-range nuclear missiles in East Germany and Czechoslovakia as part of an arms control agreement with the United States.
    (AP, 4/14/97)
1987        Apr 14, The Turkish Government formally applied to join the European Communities.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1987/index_en.htm)

1988        Apr 14, The Japanese Red Army bombed a US military recreational club in Naples. 5 people were killed.
    (www.cdi.org/friendlyversion/printversion.cfm?documentID=1771)
1988        Apr 14, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the United States and the Soviet Union signed agreements providing for the withdrawal of Soviet forces from Afghanistan and creation of a nonaligned Afghan state. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev announced the withdrawal of Soviet troops. The Soviets pulled out of Afghanistan after nine years of fighting. Afghan rebels rejected the pact and continued fighting.
    (SFC, 9/28/96, p.A8)(WA, 1997,p.737)(TMC, 1994, p.1988)(AP, 4/14/98)

1989        Apr 14, Testimony concluded in the Iran-Contra trial of former National Security Council staff member Oliver L. North.
    (AP, 4/14/99)
1989        Apr 14, Former winery worker Ramon Salcido killed 6 relatives, including his wife and daughters, and a coworker in Sonoma County. He was tried and convicted in Oct. 1990 by Judge Littrell (d.1997) and sentenced to death. In 2007 Salcedo was still on death row with his case in the appeal process.
    (SFC, 1/31/97, p.E2)(AP, 4/14/99)

1991        Apr 14,    The final withdrawal of American combat troops from southern Iraq began, 88 days after the United States launched its massive offensive to drive Saddam Hussein’s forces from Kuwait.
    (AP, 4/14/01)

1992        Apr 14, "Guys and Dolls" opened at Martin Beck Theater in NYC for 1143 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4679)
1992        Apr 14, British Sgt. Michael Newman was killed outside an army recruiting office in Derby. Three men were allegedly involved in the attack. In 2010 Declan Duffy (36), an Irish re-publican who had confessed to being involved in the killing, was sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 7/22/10)
1992        Apr 14, Libya cut itself off from the world for 24 hours to mark the sixth anniversary of the U.S. air raid, the same day the World Court rejected Libya's appeal to prevent sanctions against it for refusing to turn over suspects in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
    (AP, 4/14/97)

1993        Apr 14, A U.S. government-funded study said that of 3,321 men surveyed, only 1.1 percent identified themselves as exclusively homosexual, a finding disputed by gay activists.
    (AP, 4/14/98)
1993        Apr 14, Millions of black workers in South Africa went on strike to protest the slaying of activist Chris Hani.
    (AP, 4/14/98)
1993        Apr 14, Sam Ntombani, ANC-secretary in Soweto South Africa, was shot to death.
    (www.kulture.com/site/peopleSearch.cfm?mode=endDay&key=1404)

1994        Apr 14, The chiefs of the nation's seven largest tobacco companies spent more than six hours being grilled by the House Energy and Commerce health subcommittee about the effects of smoking.
    (AP, 4/14/99)
1994        Apr 14, Two American F-15 warplanes inadvertently shot down two U.S. helicopters over northern Iraq, killing 26 people, including 15 Americans.
    (AP, 4/14/97)
1994        Apr 14-1994 Apr 15, In Rwanda Tutsi refugees, gathered in the Nyange church, were burned to death or killed as they tried to flee. In 2006 Roman Catholic priest Athanase Seromba was convicted of ordering militiamen to set fire to the church and then bulldoze it. He was sentenced to life in prison. In 2009 Gaspard Kanyarukiga, who was arrested in South Africa in July 2004, pleaded innocent to the charges of killing around 2,000 Tutsis at the Nyange Church. Prosecutor Holo Makwaia said Kanyarukiga had coaxed a reluctant bulldozer driver to crush those sheltering in the church. In 2010 Kanyarukiga was found guilty of ordering bulldozers to demolish the church.
    (www.ictr.org/ENGLISH/cases/Kanyarukiga/indictment/index.pdf)(AP, 8/31/09)

1995        Apr 14, The UN Security Council (Resolution 986) gave permission to Iraq, still under sanctions for its invasion of Kuwait, to sell $2 billion dollars' worth of oil to buy food, medicine and other supplies. Iraq later rejected the offer.
    (AP, 4/14/00)(SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)
1995        Apr 14, Actor-singer Burl Ives died in Anacortes, Wash., at age 85.
    (AP, 4/14/00)

1996        Apr 14, “A History of Queer Culture in the San Francisco Bay Area" by Susan Stryker and Jim Van Buskirk was reviewed.
    (SFC, 4/14/96, BR, p.1)
1996        Apr 14, The Islamic Year of 1403 began.
    (SFC, 4/15/96,A-10)
1996        Apr 14, A tornado struck in Arkansas and killed 7 and injured 30 in the Ozarks.
    (WSJ, 4/16/96, p.A-1)
1996        Apr 14, Israel's four-day-old military campaign against Hezbollah guerrillas continued, with aircraft bombarding guerrilla strongholds in Beirut and southern Lebanon, provoking guerrilla vows to turn northern Israel into a "fiery hell."
    (AP, 4/14/97)

1997        Apr 14, In SF the winners of the 1997 Goldman Environmental Prize were: Alexander Nikitin of Russia who helped to expose the danger of radioactive fuel from Russian submarines stored in the Arctic waters; Terri Swearingen of the US for fighting against a toxic waste incinerator on the Ohio River; Samoan chieftain Fuiono Senio and ethnobotonist Paul Cox for establishing forest preserves; Juan Pablo Orrego of Chile for his battle to stop the damming of the Bio Bio River; Nick Carter of England for helping to create Africa’s inter-governmental force to fight illegal wildlife trade; and Loir Botor Dingit, Indonesian tribal chief, for struggling to protect ancestral rain forest from logging.
    (SFC, 4/14/97, p.A11)
1997        Apr 14, Clyde Barrow’s bullet-ridden shirt was auctioned off to a Nevada casino for $85,000. His largest theft was estimated at $4,000. On May 23,1934, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were shot some 4 dozen times by police after the pair had spent the previous 2 years killing and robbing banks in the Midwest.
    (SFC, 4/3/97, p.A13)(SFC, 4/15/97, p.A13)
1997        Apr 14, A presidential task force released guidelines for a code-of-conduct to curb sweatshop abuses amongst apparel worldwide manufacturers.
    (SFC, 4/15/97, p.A5)
1997        Apr 14, Attorney General Janet Reno rejected Republican calls to seek an independent counsel to investigate campaign fundraising.
    (AP, 4/14/98)
1997        Apr 14, James B. McDougal, former partner of Pres. Clinton in the Whitewater land venture, was sentenced to three years in prison. He was convicted on 18 accounts of conspiracy and fraud but volunteered new information for a reduced sentence.
    (SFC, 4/15/97, p.A1)(AP, 4/14/98)
1997        Apr 14, Some 500 black demonstrators marched in the Grays Ferry section of Philadelphia in response to a Feb 23 beating of Annette Williams, her son and nephew by a mob of white men. In March two black men shot and killed the 16-year-old son of a white police officer in a drugstore robbery.
    (SFC, 4/15/97, p.A3)
1997        Apr 14, In Ethiopia a grenade attack wounded 33 in the largest supermarket of Addis Ababa. Two similar attacks over the weekend killed one person and injured 41 at a restaurant and hotel in the capital.
    (WSJ, 4/15/97, p.A9)

1998        Apr 14, The Grand Forks Herald of North Dakota won a Pulitzer Prize for its coverage of a flood and fire despite a damaged printing plant. The fiction prize went to Philip Roth, his first, for “American Pastoral."
    (WSJ, 4/15/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/14/99)
1998        Apr 14, President Clinton moderated a town meeting on race with an all-star panel of sports figures.
    (AP, 4/14/99)
1998        Apr 14, The Clinton administration agreed to create a Persian-language radio service to transmit anti-government propaganda into Iran. $1 million was also pledged to Voice of America for non-propaganda Persian-language programming. Radio Azadi (Radio Liberty) initially broadcast for 3 hours daily from Prague, Czechoslovakia. In 2002 the name was changed to Radio Farda and programming increased to a 24-hour cycle.
    (SFC, 4/15/98, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/13/08, p.A10)
1998        Apr 14, FMC Corp. was hit with a $125 million verdict for misleading the US Army about the safety of its Bradley Fighting Vehicle. A 1986 lawsuit by former employee Henry Boisvert complained that the vehicles did not pass all the tests the company claimed it did.
    (SFC, 4/15/98, p.A18)   
1998        Apr 14, A new blood test for cancer used enzyme-coated iron particles to attract cancer cells for detection.
    (WSJ, 4/14/98, p.A1)
1998        Apr 14, Despite international pleas for leniency, the state of Virginia executed Angel Francisco Breard, a Paraguayan convicted of murder.
    (AP, 4/14/99)
1998        Apr 14, Talks between North and South Korea broke off after 4 days when Seoul tried to expand them into reuniting families separated by their war.
    (WSJ, 4/15/98, p.A1)

1999        Apr 14, Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr told Congress the Watergate-era law that gave him the power to probe actions of executive branch officials was flawed and should be abolished.
    (AP, 4/14/00)
1999        Apr 14, The Financial Stability Forum was first convened in Washington, DC. Mr Andrew Crockett, General Manager of the Bank for International Settlements, was appointed Chairman of the FSF in a personal capacity. It was the result of a G7 decision on Oct 3, 1998.
    (www.fsforum.org/about/genesis_of_the_fsf.html)
1999        Apr 14, In Michigan Dr. Kevorkian said that he would begin to refuse food immediately.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.A3)
1999        Apr 14, The Pulitzer Prize in literature went to Michael Cunningham for his novel "The Hours."
    (WSJ, 4/16/99, p.W15)
1999        Apr 14, British entertainer Anthony Newley died in Jensen Beach, Fla., at age 67.
    (AP, 4/14/00)
1999        Apr 14, In Algeria 6 of the 7 presidential candidates withdrew to protest fraud in the early stages of voting. Abdelaziz Bouteflika, the remaining candidate, was backed by the generals who have ruled since 1962. The vote was meant to end the civil war that has killed 75,000 people since 1992.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.C3)(WSJ, 4/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 14, The German capital began to be moved from Bonn to Berlin.
    (SFC,11/26/97, p.A9)
1999        Apr 14, In western Japan Takayuki Otsuki (18) raped and killed Yayoi Motomura (23) before strangling to death her 11-month-old daughter Yuka in Yamaguchi. In 2000 Otsuki was convicted and jailed for life, but in 2008 he was sentenced to death. In 2012 Japan’s Supreme Court upheld the ruling.
    (www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nn20120220x1.html)
1999        Apr 14, NATO warplanes mistakenly struck refugee vehicles and some 60-75 ethnic Albanians were reported killed near Djakovica in Kosovo. NATO acknowledged the next day that a civilian vehicle had been hit and broadcast a taped interview with the US pilot who carried out the mission. A week later NATO acknowledged that 2 separate groups of vehicles were hit.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.A1)(SFC, 4/16/99, p.A1,16)(SFC, 4/20/99, p.A6)
1999        Apr 14, Some 3,000 refugees reached the border of Macedonia and another 7,000 were expected. Another 3,000 arrived in Albania. An estimated 18,000 were making their way to Montenegro. Over the last 3 weeks 305,000 arrived in Albania, 121,000 in Macedonia, and 61,000 in Montenegro.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.A12)
1999        Apr 14, The US pledged $37 million to help the Kenyan victims of the 1998 US Embassy bombing in Nairobi.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.A15)
1999        Apr 14, The EU countries proposed a peace plan for Kosovo, wherein the province would be placed under temporary European administration if Pres. Milosevic withdraws his forces and allows refugees to return.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.C2)
1999        Apr 14, Serbian police forced families from Popovic St. in Mitrovica, Kosovo. The men were separated from their families and 26 were executed and dumped 10 miles away in Zvecan. 4 suspects were later arrested by French peacekeepers.
    (SFC, 9/28/99, p.A13)
1999        Apr 14, Pakistan tested a Shaheen I missile with a range of 450 miles.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.C16)
1999        Apr 14, In Rwanda Bishop Augustin Misago was put under "preventive detention" pending charges that he refused to shelter Tutsis in 1994 and ordered 19 schoolgirls expelled from the high school in Kibeho. The girls were killed.
    (SFC, 4/15/99, p.C16)

2000        Apr 14, US stock markets plunged with the Dow down 617.78 to 10305.77 and the Nasdaq down 355.49 to 3321.29. Inflation fears were cited. This capped one of the worst weeks ever for US stocks. In Washington, protesters dumped manure on Pennsylvania Avenue, seeking to disrupt meetings of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.A1)(AP, 4/14/01)
2000        Apr 14, Leaders of developing nations called for a “New Global Human Order’ to spread the world’s wealth and power. The Group of 77, expanded to 133, made the call during a 3 day summit in Havana.
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.A12)
2000        Apr 14, In Congo several explosions took place at the airport in Kinshasa and a number of people were killed. State radio reported that a short circuit sparked a fire that triggered explosions at an army munitions depot and that a fire spread to a fuel depot. The death toll reached 101 and 216 seriously injured.
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.A13)(SFEC, 4/16/00, p.A21)(SFC, 4/17/00, p.A12)
2000        Apr 14, In Russia the Duma passed the START II Arms Treaty.
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.A12)
2000        Apr 14, In Serbia some 100,000 people rallied against Pres. Milosevic in Belgrade.
    (SFC, 4/15/00, p.A12)

2001        Apr 14, The 21 men and 3 women crew of the US spy plane who were held in China for 11 days landed at their home base, Whidbey Island Naval Air Station in Washington, where they were greeted by thousands of friends, family members and other well-wishers.
    (SSFC, 4/15/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/14/02)
2001        Apr 14, It was reported that 8 cases of childhood leukemia were recorded in 2000 in the area of Fallon, Nevada. 12 children were diagnosed with leukemia since 1997 and high levels of arsenic in the drinking water was suspected. Jet fuel at a nearby air base and a nuclear detonation in 1963, and pesticides were also cited as possible causes. In 2002 a 16th case was reported.
    (SFC, 4/14/01, p.A6)(SFC, 7/29/02, p.A4)
2001        Apr 14, In Bangladesh a bombing killed 10 people and injured dozens of others at a park in downtown Dhaka during the Bengali New Year celebration.
    (AP, 6/23/14)(http://tinyurl.com/kume6pt)
2001        Apr 14, As many as 250 suspected child slaves were returned to Benin after being stranded for weeks on a ship with limited supplies.
    (SSFC, 4/15/01, p.D1)
2001        Apr 14, In Russia Gazprom security forces seized the NTV headquarters in Moscow. Scores of correspondents quit en masse.
    (SSFC, 4/15/01, p.D1)

2002        Apr 14, Glenn Murcutt, Australian architect, was selected as the winner of the Pritzker Architectural Prize.
    (SFC, 4/16/02, p.D5)
2002        Apr 14, Tiger Woods became only the third player to win back-to-back Masters titles; he closed with a 1-under 71 to claim a three-stroke victory over Retief Goosen.
    (AP, 4/14/03)
2002        Apr 14, In Barranquilla, Colombia, a bomb exploded near the motorcade of Alvaro Uribe, a presidential candidate. 3 bystanders were killed.
    (SFC, 4/15/02, p.A10)
2002        Apr 14, PM Sharon’s peace plan was outlined and included 2 West Bank security zones, border controls, a demilitarized Palestinian state, and economic development assistance. Colin Powell met with Yasser Arafat and later with PM Sharon, but made little headway on a cease-fire or Israeli withdrawal. Some restrictions on reporters in the West Bank were lifted.
    (SSFC, 4/14/02, p.A12)(SFC, 4/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 14, In East Timor elections former guerrilla leader Xanana Gusmao led over Francisco Xavier do Amaral by a large margin. Xanana Gusmao was elected the first president of East Timor and he served from May 2002 until May 2007.
    (SFC, 4/16/02, p.A7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanana_Gusm%C3%A3o)
2002        Apr 14, A UN panel ruled in favor of Ethiopia on all territory contested with Eritrea.
    (WSJ, 4/15/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 14, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez returned to office two days after being ousted and arrested by his country's military.
    (AP, 4/14/03)

2003        Apr 14, In the 27th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom US troops poured into Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit and fought pockets of hardcore defenders. Iraqis and US troops began jointly patrolling the streets of Baghdad to quell the lawlessness. US commandos in Baghdad captured Abul Abbas, the leader of the violent Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner Achille Lauro in 1985. Abbas died in 2004 while in US custody.
    (AP, 4/14/03)(AP, 4/15/03)(AP, 4/14/04)
2003        Apr 14, In New Orleans a gunman with an AK-47 shot a killed one boy (15) at the John McDonough High School. 3 teenage girls were wounded. 4 suspects were arrested in the gang-related shooting.
    (SFC, 4/15/03, p.A4)
2003        Apr 14, Scientists reported that the human genome map was finished with an accuracy of nearly 100% following 13 years of work.
    (WSJ, 4/15/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 14, The US EPA launched an investigation into perfluorooctanoic acid, an ingredient in teflon, for possible health risks to humans.
    (SFC, 4/15/03, p.A5)
2003        Apr 14, The US followed the lead of 14 European countries and lifted a travel ban imposed last November on the president and seven top ministers of Belarus over alleged human rights violations in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 4/15/03)
2003        Apr 14, A boat off the coast of the Dominican Republic loaded with more than 100 Haitian migrants struck a reef and capsized after drifting nearly a week, killing 4 passengers.
    (AP, 4/15/03)
2003        Apr 14, In Finland 3 political parties agreed to form a center-left government led by Anneli Jaatteenmaki.
    (AP, 4/14/03)
2003        Apr 14, In eastern India Communist guerrillas staged two separate attacks on police, killing eight officers.
    (AP, 4/15/03)
2003        Apr 14, Four Islamic militants were convicted in a deadly bombing outside the U.S. Consulate in Pakistan.
    (AP, 4/14/04)
2003        Apr 14, Sierra Leone began holding truth commission public hearings across the nation.
    (AP, 4/15/03)
2003        Apr 14, In Somaliland elections incumbent Dahir Riyaleh Kahin was re-elected president of the breakaway republic by 80 votes. The opposition candidate said he would not accept the results.
    (AP, 4/20/03)

2004        Apr 14, President Bush gave PM Ariel Sharon U.S backing for Israeli plans to hold on to parts of the West Bank. He also ruled out Palestinian refugees returning to Israel, bringing strong criticism from the Palestinians.
    (AP, 4/15/04)
2004        Apr 14, In Afghanistan killed a district police chief and eight Afghan soldiers in an ambush in southern Zabul province.
    (AP, 4/15/04)
2004        Apr 14, Tornadoes swept through northern Bangladesh, killing at least 69 people, injuring hundreds and blowing away thousands of flimsy huts.
    (AP, 4/15/04)(AP, 4/16/04)
2004        Apr 14, China began offering free AIDS tests to anyone who wants one and free treatment for infected people who can't afford.
    (AP, 4/14/04)
2004        Apr 14, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe launched a campaign to persuade Congress to amend the constitution to allow him to run for a second term in 2006.
    (AP, 4/15/04)
2004        Apr 14, In Indonesia Akbar Tandjung, the leader of the party once led by Indonesian dictator Suharto, claimed victory in parliamentary elections that were a major setback to President Megawati Sukarnoputri.
    (AP, 4/14/04)
2004        Apr 14, In Iraq U.S. warplanes and helicopters hammered gunmen in Fallujah, straining a truce there. A 2,500-strong U.S. force massed on the outskirts of the holy city of Najaf for a showdown with radical cleric al-Sadr. Militants executed an Italian captive. A platoon of US Marines came under assault in Anbar Province. In 2005 Michael M. Phillips authored “The Gift of Valor," portraits of the men in action on this day. Cpl. Jason Dunham saved the lives of two of his fellow Marines by jumping on a grenade during an ambush in Karabilah. Dunham died 8 days later. In 2006 Pres. Bush awarded Dunham a posthumous Medal of Honor.
    (AP, 4/14/04)(WSJ, 5/31/05, p.D10)(AP, 4/15/04)(http://tinyurl.com/yzc8gh)(WSJ, 1/6/06, p.A1)
2004        Apr 14, The UN emissary to Iraq proposed a caretaker government to replace the Governing Council on June 30 to shepherd the country to free election in Jan 2005.
    (SFC, 4/15/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 14, Macedonians voted to replace the president who was killed in a February plane crash.
    (AP, 4/14/04)
2004        Apr 14, Peru's Congress approved murder charges against ex-President Alberto Fujimori for allegedly authorizing the death squad killing of a union leader over a decade ago.
    (AP, 4/15/04)
2004        Apr 14, Russia said it will begin the evacuation of some of its citizens from Iraq on in light of the deteriorating security situation in that country.
    (AP, 4/14/04)
2004        Apr 14, Seychelles Pres. France Albert Rene, one of Africa's longest-serving leaders, said he was ready to step down after nearly 3 decades at the helm of this Indian Ocean nation.
    (AP, 4/14/04)
2004        Apr 14, South Africans of all races voted for a new government for the third time in a decade. The African National Congress, the party that led them out of apartheid, won nearly 70% of the vote.
    (AP, 4/14/04)(WSJ, 4/15/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/16/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 14, In South Korea the 386 generation (3 for in their 30s, 8 for coming of age in the 80s, and 6 for being born in the 60s) was reported to be playing a significant role in the parliamentary elections.
    (WSJ, 4/14/04, p.A1)

2005        Apr 14, Pres. Bush threw out the 1st pitch at RFK Stadium as the Nationals brought baseball back to the capital. Washington, DC, had last hosted a major-league game in September, 1971.
    (WSJ, 4/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 14, The US House of Representatives voted 302-126 to pass legislation that will make it tougher for consumers to avoid repaying debt by filing for bankruptcy. It cleared the Senate last month and now goes to the White House. Pres. Bush has said he's eager to sign it.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, The US indicted 3 businessmen in the UN oil-for-food inquiry for paying kickbacks to Iraq during Saddam Hussein rule.
    (WSJ, 4/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 14, A US Federal Court ruled in favor of Neutraceutical Corp. and struck down the 2004 ban on supplements containing ephedra, a once-popular weight-loss aid.
    (SFC, 4/15/05, p.A6)
2005        Apr 14, The DJIA dropped 125.18 to close at 10,278.75, the worst close since Nov 3, 2004. Oil futures closed at $51.13. The US dollar strengthened against other currencies.
    (SFC, 4/15/05, p.C3)
2005        Apr 14, The Oregon Supreme Court nullified nearly 3,000 marriage licenses issued in 2004 to same-sex couples in Portland’s Multnomah County.
    (SFC, 4/15/05, p.A6)
2005        Apr 14, Amanda Vanstone, Australia’s immigration minister, said Australia would take in 140,000 immigrants in 2005-06, the biggest number for 35 years.
    (Econ, 4/30/05, p.40)
2005        Apr 14, Australian authorities seized some 5 million ecstasy tablets and arrested 4 men in what they said was the biggest ever haul of the party drug anywhere in the world.
    (AFP, 4/15/05)
2005        Apr 14, Canada cut its economic growth forecast as the Canadian dollar’s strength put a drag on exports. Canadian currency had risen 25% against the US dollar since 2003.
    (WSJ, 4/15/05, p.A8)
2005        Apr 14, Ethiopia police said authorities have seized more than 1,100 pounds of illegal ivory, stuffed animals and ostrich eggs that were destined for collectors abroad.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, In Haiti a Filipino soldier was killed as U.N. forces pushed into a volatile slum controlled by heavily armed gangs loyal to deposed President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 4/15/05)
2005        Apr 14, India and the United States signed an "Open Skies" aviation agreement allowing each other's carriers to operate as many flights as they want between the two countries.
    (AFP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, India freed 24 Pakistani prisoners in an apparent response to similar gestures by Islamabad ahead of President Pervez Musharraf's visit to New Delhi.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, In Iraq 2 car bombs tore through a crowded street in front of the Interior Ministry in central Baghdad, killing 18 people and wounding three dozen others. Seven gunmen in northern Iraq fired on a police station just south of Kirkuk, killing 5 police officers and one civilian. A suicide bomber blew himself up near an Iraqi police checkpoint in Mahawil, 50 miles south of Baghdad, killing 4 policemen and wounding 6 others.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian militant in the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, In Mexico 3 would-be casino developers were killed outside a popular Monterrey restaurant. The murders delayed a congressional vote to amend a gambling ban and sparked calls for stricter controls on the few places Mexicans are allowed to place bets.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        Apr 14, Nepal’s King Gyanendra said he was ordering municipal polls to be held by mid-April 2006 in view of an "improving law and order situation" since he seized power. Opposition parties dismissed the king's pledge as a sham and have urged a boycott of the municipal polls.
    (AP, 4/15/05)
2005        Apr 14, Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas on ordered reforms of his security services, a key Israeli and U.S. condition for renewing peace negotiations.
    (AP, 4/14/05)
2005        Apr 14, It was reported that the bird flu virus was found in some 70% of a random sample of ducks and geese in Vietnam’s southern Mekong Delta, and in 21% of sampled chickens.
    (WSJ, 4/14/05, p.A14)

2006        Apr 14, President Bush rebuffed recommendations from a growing number of retired generals that he replace Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, saying, “He has my full support."
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2006        Apr 14, Kobe Bryant broke the Los Angeles Lakers’ single-season scoring record, getting 50 points to eclipse Elgin Baylor’s long-standing total of 2,719 points in a 110-99 victory over the Portland Trail Blazers.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2006        Apr 14, In Oklahoma Kevin Ray Underwood (26) was arrested after investigators found the body of Jamie Rose Bolin (10), missing since April 12, in a bedroom closet in his apartment. The girl's unclothed body was inside a large plastic tub. Police said she was killed as part of the neighbor's elaborate plan to eat human flesh. On February 29 2008, a jury found him guilty of first degree murder after deliberating for twenty-three minutes. This quick verdict was attributed to the showing of Underwood's videotaped confession. On Thursday, April 3, 2008, McClain County District Judge Candace Blalock approved a recommended death sentence.
    (AP, 4/16/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Ray_Underwood)
2006        Apr 14, Tornadoes hit the campus of the Univ. of Iowa in Iowa City. One person was killed outside of town.
    (WSJ, 4/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 14, In southern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber rammed a British military convoy and 3 soldiers were wounded. More than 3,000 British troops had moved into Helmand province as part of a NATO mission to expand its presence there. They planned to train Afghan forces, operating from a new $80 million army barracks, to hunt druglords and destroy opium stockpiles. A bomb planted by Taliban militants hit a government convoy in the east of the country near the town of Khost, killing three policemen and injuring two others.
    (AFP, 4/14/06)(Econ, 2/4/06, p.38)
2006        Apr 14, Afghan security forces backed by coalition helicopters attacked a suspected Taliban hideout in southern Afghanistan, setting off an intense gunbattle that killed 41 rebels. It was later reported that Afghan police may have been killed by the US-led coalition forces.
    (AP, 4/15/06)(AP, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 14, Miguel Reale (95), widely considered one of the chief architects of Brazil's civil code, died of a heart attack.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, The Central African Republic said it has asked the International Criminal Court to investigate crimes against humanity allegedly committed by its former president and a Congolese vice president. Government spokesman Celestin Gamou said CAR suspects ex-President Ange-Felix Patasse and Congo Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba of ordering or committing murder and rape against civilians, as well as of embezzling funds and destroying public and private property.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, Chad broke off diplomatic relations with Sudan and threatened to expel 200,000 Sudanese refugees, blaming its neighbor for a rebel attack that killed 350 in the capital.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, Cuba ordered the expulsion of a Czech diplomat, accusing him of spying for the United States. Stanislav Kazecky, who was in charge of political, cultural and media affairs for the Czech embassy, was given 72 hours to leave.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, In Egypt worshippers at three Christian churches came under attack from knife-wielding assailants during Mass. Police said one worshipper was killed and more than a dozen wounded in the simultaneous attacks in the northern city of Alexandria.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, Five publishers, all members of Egypt's opposition Muslim Brotherhood, were detained as they prepared to publish material criticizing Egypt's emergency law.
    (AFP, 4/15/06)
2006        Apr 14, In India 2 bombs exploded at New Delhi's main mosque shortly after hundreds of worshippers offered Friday prayers, injuring at least 13 people.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, In Indonesia a passenger train bound for Jakarta crashed into another train stopped at Gubuk station, killing at least 13 people and injuring more than 25.
    (AP, 4/15/06)
2006        Apr 14, A roadside bomb exploded in the southern Baghdad neighborhood of Dora, killing three Iraqi soldiers. In the southern city of Basra, four gunmen killed the director of traffic police as he was driving to work. At least one civilian was killed in fierce fighting between insurgents and the army in Fallujah.
    (AP, 4/15/06)
2006        Apr 14, Mahmut Bakalli (70), Kosovo's communist-era leader, died of throat cancer. He lead the disputed province's communists in the late 1970s and early 1980s, stepping down following disagreements with the central body of the Yugoslav Communist Party over the handling of unrest by ethnic Albanian students.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, In Kashmir a series of grenade attacks by suspected separatist rebels shook Srinagar, killing five people and wounding at least 18.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, Commercial life halted in several Pakistani cities in a strike called by an Islamic party to protest this week's suicide attack that killed its top leaders and some 50 others.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, In the Philippines at least 11 devotees were nailed to crosses during Good Friday reenactments of Christ's final hours.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, A bankruptcy supervisor at the shattered Yukos oil company said that he had won a temporary injunction from a New York court banning the company from selling its assets as it goes into bankruptcy hearings.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, Russia's OAO GAZ automaker agreed to buy DaimlerChrysler AG production lines in suburban Detroit and move them to Russia, where it will produce DaimlerChrysler cars under license.
    (AP, 4/14/06)
2006        Apr 14, Jailed Russian tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky was hospitalized after another prisoner slashed him in the face while he slept. In 2011 Alexander Kuchma, Khodorkovsky's former cellmate, told a Russian online publication that authorities forced him to attack the jailed tycoon and falsify a sexual harassment suit.
    (AP, 4/15/06)(AP, 5/16/11)
2006        Apr 14, Security forces at a Shiite mosque in northern Yemen fought with supporters of a slain anti-US cleric in a clash that left at least four people dead.
    (AP, 4/15/06)

2007        Apr 14, The Morongo Indian reservation in southern California and its 775 adult members reportedly received seven-tenths of their casino’s profits which amounted to roughly $15,000 to $20,000 per person, per month. In 1989 the tribe’s average, annual household income was $13,000.
    (Econ, 4/14/07, p.29)
2007        Apr 14, Legendary crooner Don Ho (76) died in Hawaii. He had entertained tourists for decades wearing raspberry-tinted sunglasses and singing his signature tune "Tiny Bubbles."
    (AP, 4/15/07)
2007        Apr 14, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up next to several Afghan border policemen, leaving at least seven officers dead and six others wounded. 3 suspected militants carrying explosives on their bodies were killed when their bombs went off just outside the southern city of Ghazni. Also in Ghazni, two Afghan army soldiers were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in the province's Ander district.
    (AP, 4/14/07)(AFP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, Thousands of landless workers invaded government property in Brazil's arid northeast to try to stop a controversial river-diversion project. About 7,500 people invaded plots of government-owned land near Petrolina, 1,360 miles north of Sao Paulo in Pernambuco state.
    (AP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 14, The population of Brazil numbered about 188 million people.
    (Econ, 4/14/07, SR p.3)
2007        Apr 14, June Callwood (82), often described as Canada's social conscience, died.
    (Reuters, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, A Chinese rocket placed a navigation satellite in orbit as part of an effort to build a global positioning system.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, The Egyptian state news agency MENA said that Neo-Nazis had attacked an Egyptian diplomat in the Ukrainian capital Kiev. The Ukrainian government has said it deeply regrets the incident.
    (Reuters, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, A video showing a German army instructor telling one of his soldiers to envision African-Americans in the Bronx while firing his machine gun was broadcast on national television. The Defense Ministry said the video was shot in July 2006 at barracks in the northern town of Rendsburg and that the army has been aware of it since January.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, A car bomb blasted through a busy bus station near one of Iraq's holiest shrines, killing 47 people and over 200 wounded. The bombing occurred about 200 yards from the Imam Hussein shrine in Karbala. At least 16 children were among the dead. A suicide car bomb killed 10 people on Jadriyah bridge in downtown Baghdad, the second attack on a span over the Tigris river this week. 4 would-be suicide attackers were killed in Kirkuk when one of them detonated his explosives belt prematurely. 3 civilians and a policeman were killed in drive-by shootings in Fallujah and Hillah. American troops captured 17 suspected insurgents, including an alleged al-Qaida in Iraq member, during raids. Two US soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 4/14/07)(AP, 4/15/07)(AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 14, In Mexico a speeding bus crashed into a tractor-trailer outside the border city of Ciudad Juarez, killing 28 people and injuring 11 others.
    (AP, 4/15/07)(AP, 4/15/07)
2007        Apr 14, In Morocco 2 brothers strapped with explosives blew themselves up near the US consulate. Moroccan officials said they had discovered a broader suicide bombing conspiracy.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, Voters went to the polls in Nigeria to choose their state officers in the first of a pair of elections meant to solidify civilian rule. PDP gunmen beat up opponents, snatched ballot boxes and stuffed them with pre-marked ballots. Gunmen killed seven policemen in raids on two police stations in Port Harcourt. Some later judged the polls to be the most rigged in the country’s history.
    (AP, 4/14/07)(AFP, 4/14/07)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.56)(Econ, 2/20/10, p.12)
2007        Apr 14, North Korea missed a deadline for shutting down its main nuclear reactor, and a key US negotiator said the country must keep the disarmament program from foundering.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, Russian police detained Garry Kasparov, former world chess champion and leader of one of Russia's strongest opposition movements, and at least 100 other activists as they gathered for a forbidden anti-Kremlin demonstration in central Moscow.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels shot dead five people in eastern Sri Lanka, as the country marked the traditional New Year and the president appealed for national unity.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, In Sudan unidentified gunmen killed a Ghanaian military officer in the African Union's peacekeeping force in the Darfur region and hijacked his car within yards of the AU mission's headquarters. The dead officer was the ninth peacekeeper slain this month, raising to 18 the number of AU soldiers killed since the mission deployed in 2004.
    (AP, 4/15/07)
2007        Apr 14, Syria distanced itself from comments by a Syrian-American businessman who recently told Israeli lawmakers that President Bashar Assad was ready to make peace with the Jewish state.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, Flash floods swept over two waterfalls on a southern Thai mountain packed with picnickers and swimmers celebrating the country's New Year, killing at least 35 people and leaving dozens more missing.
    (AP, 4/15/07)
2007        Apr 14, More than 200,000 Turks protested against Turkey's Islamic-rooted PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan, demonstrating the intense opposition he could face from Turkey's secular establishment if he decides to run for president next month. A bus full of second-graders crashed into a truck in central Turkey, killing at least 32 people, most of them children.
    (AP, 4/14/07)
2007        Apr 14, Uganda's government and a rebel group responsible for one of Africa's longest and most brutal wars signed a new truce and agreed to resume stalled peace talks later this month. Joseph Kony, The elusive leader of the rebel Lord's Resistance Army, witnessed the signing in Ri-Kwangba, Sudan.
    (AP, 4/15/07)

2008        Apr 14, Pres. Bush ordered the release of $200 million in emergency aid as the UN Sec. Gen. said a global food crises has reached emergency levels.
    (WSJ, 4/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 14, A US judge sentenced Samuel Israel III (48), the "mastermind" behind the collapsed hedge fund Bayou Group, to 20 years in prison. The sentence reflected the big losses suffered by investors in the $400 million fund.
    (Reuters, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines announced an agreement to a $17.7 billion merger creating the world’s largest carrier.
    (SFC, 4/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 14, Ollie Johnston (b.1912), the last of Walt Disney's original team of animators, known as the Nine Old Men, died. He had worked for Disney for 43 years, drawing characters for animated Mickey Mouse short films before contributing to such classics such as "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" (1937), "Pinocchio" (1940), "Peter Pan" (1953) and "The Jungle Book" (1967).
    (Reuters, 4/16/08)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.109)
2008        Apr 14, Algeria, the world’s 4th largest gas exporter, said it will stop signing long term gas contracts and switch to shorter term ones.
    (WSJ, 4/15/08, p.A14)
2008        Apr 14, Train service between Bangladesh and India resumed after a 43-year hiatus.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, In Brazil a top energy official said a deep-water exploration area could contain as much as 33 billion barrels of oil, an amount that would nearly triple Brazil's reserves and make the offshore bloc the world's third-largest known oil reserve.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, In London Nepalese Gurkha soldiers demonstrated outside a landmark immigration tribunal which could decide if 2,000 veterans who fought for Britain can settle here.
    (AFP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 14, China’s state television said police found 30 firearms in a Tibetan monastery in Aba prefecture of Sichuan province last month.
    (Reuters, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, In Cuba lines stretched for blocks outside phone centers as the government allowed ordinary Cubans to sign up for cellular phone service for the first time.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, In Ethiopia explosions at two national oil company gas stations killed two people in the capital of Addis Ababa.
    (AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 14, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in Dublin to discuss a European Union reform treaty that still bemuses most Irish voters ahead of a June referendum that will determine the pact's fate.
    (Reuters, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Grand Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri, Iran's most senior dissident cleric, charged that recent parliamentary elections were not free or fair because thousands of reformists were barred from running.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Richard Butler, a kidnapped British journalist, was rescued by Iraqi troops after two months in captivity in Basra. A roadside bomb in downtown Baghdad killed five people and wounded nine. In northern Iraq 18 people were killed in two car bombings and a suicide attack. The US military said it will release Associated Press photographer Bilal Hussein, more than two years after he was detained by US Marines on suspicions of links to insurgents. The military said it has determined Hussein is not a threat and plans to free him Apr 16.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 14, An Israeli airstrike hit a vehicle in northern Gaza, fatally wounding Ibrahim Abu Olba (42), a senior Palestinian militant. Former President Jimmy Carter deplored Palestinian militant attacks on Israel as a "despicable crime" as he toured Sderot, a rocket-battered town.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 14, In Italy exit polls put media mogul Silvio Berlusconi ahead in parliamentary election but suggested he was uncertain of winning the upper house majority he needs to steer the country through an economic downturn.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Japan and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) said they had finished signing a deal to tear down trade barriers between the world's second-largest economy and the 10-member bloc.
    (AFP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Japan’s government said violent clashes with animal rights groups and fewer whale sightings forced its whaling fleet to head home from the Antarctic with only 55 percent of its 985-whale hunting target.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Kenyan police in Nairobi fired bullets and tear gas to clear machete-waving Mungiki gang members who blocked roads and set a police post on fire to protest the killing of an imprisoned gang leader's wife. At least 13 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/14/08)(AP, 4/15/08)
2008        Apr 14, The Olympic torch arrived in Oman amid tight security and expectations of a smooth relay on the Middle Eastern leg of the flame's round-the-world tour.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, In Multan, Pakistan, a crowd protesting power cuts rioted in the home city of the new prime minister, ransacking the office of the state electricity company, torching a bank and leaving at least 13 people injured. The protest was organized by a textile industry association, which had set April 13 as a deadline for the electricity company to reduce power outages, known locally as load-shedding.
    (AP, 4/14/08)
2008        Apr 14, Turkmenistan agreed to supply the EU with 10 billion cubic meters of gas beginning next year.
    (WSJ, 4/15/08, p.A14)
2008        Apr 14, Zimbabwe's High Court rejected an opposition demand for the immediate release of results the March 29 presidential election.
    (AP, 4/14/08)

2009        Apr 14, San Francisco Supervisor Ross Mirkarimi proposed legislation for the city to sell and distribute medical marijuana.
    (SFC, 4/15/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 14, In Massachusetts Julissa Brisman (26) was found dead at the Boston Marriott Copley Place. On April 20 police arrested medical student Philip Markoff (22) of Quincy, in the woman's death. Police believed Markoff may have been involved in other crimes against women who also posted ads on Craigslist. On Aug 15, 2010, Markoff was found dead in his cell in Boston.
    (AP, 4/21/09)(SFC, 8/16/10, p.A7)
2009        Apr 14, In Montana paleontologist Nate Murphy (51) pleaded guilty to stealing dinosaur fossils from federal land. He gained fame in 2000 when he discovered a 77 million-year-old duckbilled hadrosaur known as Leonardo.
    (SFC, 4/15/09, p.A4)
2009        Apr 14, Afghanistan warned that Pakistan's deal to allow Taliban to impose Islamic law in part of the country may have "dire consequences" for the region and could harm ties between the neighbors.
    (AFP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 14, Bolivia’s Pres. Evo Morales ended a 5-day hunger strike after Bolivia’s Congress broke a political deadlock and approved a law letting him run for re-election in December.
    (SFC, 4/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Apr 14, In London Sahnoun Daifallah (42) of Algeria, an unemployed chemist, was jailed for spraying a mix of urine and feces on food, wine and children's books in several British stores. Daifallah was sentenced to 9 years in prison after being found guilty of four counts of contaminating goods. Deportation proceedings were in progress.
    (AP, 4/15/09)
2009        Apr 14, In northwest Central African Republic Soule Garga, a top representative of cattle breeders, was been killed by rebels, just days after a poaching bloodbath left 22 people dead.
    (AFP, 4/15/09)
2009        Apr 14, In southern China hundreds of workers at a textile factory blocked roads, in a second day of protests over unpaid wages.
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 14, The EU started legal action against Britain for not applying EU data privacy rules that would restrict an Internet advertising tracker called Phorm from watching how users surf the Web.
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 14, France's government launched a campaign against forced marriages and genital mutilation, seeking to protect women from practices that quietly thrive in immigrant communities the nation is struggling to integrate.
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 14, French author Maurice Druon (b.1918), a fighter for France's World War II Resistance movement and writer of one of its anthems, died. After the conflict he wrote historical novels including the "Rois Maudits" (Accursed Kings) series.
    (AP, 4/15/09)
2009        Apr 14, In Hungary Gordon Bajnai (b.1968) began serving as the country’s 7th prime minister. He continued to May 29, 2010.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gordon_Bajnai)
2009        Apr 14, Indian police arrested Ashok Sahu, a Hindu nationalist politician and member of the main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), for an alleged April 5 anti-Christian hate speech at a poll rally in Orissa state, which was hit by Hindu-Christian riots last year.
    (AFP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 14, In Himalayan Kashmir an avalanche hit an Indian army post, killing 7 soldiers.
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 14, North Korea vowed to restart its nuclear reactor and to boycott international disarmament talks for good in retaliation for the UN Security Council's condemnation of its rocket launch.
    (AP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 14, Somali pirates captured two more nautical trophies to match the two ships they seized a day or two earlier. The MV Sea Horse, a Lebanese-owned cargo ship, was attacked and captured by pirates in three or four speedboats. That hijacking came only hours after the Greek-managed MV Irene E.M. was seized in a rare overnight attack by pirates. Somali pirates also hijacked two Egyptian fishing boats in the Gulf of Aden off Somalia's northern coast, which maritime officials said had a total of 36 crew. It was not exactly clear if those ships were hijacked April 12 or 13. The Liberty Sun, a US flagged cargo ship, repelled a pirate attack off the Somali coast. The MV Irene and 22 Filipino sailors were released on Sep 14.
    (AP, 4/14/09)(WSJ, 4/15/09, p.A8)(AFP, 9/15/09)
2009        Apr 14, Thailand issued an arrest warrant for fugitive former premier Thaksin Shinawatra for inciting street battles between anti-government protesters and troops. Leaders of the demonstrations called off their protests after rioting killed two and injured more than 120. Police issued warrants for 14 people, including the ousted prime minister at the heart of three years of turmoil.
    (AFP, 4/14/09)
2009        Apr 14, Ukrainian officials said security agents have arrested a regional lawmaker and two companions for trying to sell a radioactive substance that could be used in making a dirty bomb. The legislator in the western Ternopyl region and two local businessmen were detained last week for trying to sell 8.2 pounds (3.7 kilograms) of radioactive material to an undercover agent of the security service.
    (AP, 4/14/09)

2010        Apr 14, Pres. Obama signed an executive order freezing the assets of Somali militias. The order could make it illegal for US ship owners to pay ransoms to Somali pirates.
    (SFC, 4/15/10, p.A2)
2010        Apr 14, The US and South Africa signed a deal in Washington, DC, to boost diplomatic exchanges, a new sign of the importance the US administration accords Pretoria's role in the region.
    (AFP, 4/15/10)
2010        Apr 14, Six major powers wrapped up what they said was a "very constructive" meeting on fresh UN sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program, but diplomats cautioned against expecting early adoption.
    (AFP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 14, Federal agents in northern California arrested 18 people on charges of defrauding banks and lenders with bogus mortgage loan applications. Losses totaled at least $10 million from 2005 to 2009.
    (SFC, 4/15/10, p.C3)
2010        Apr 14, In Los Angeles Dr. Daniel Healy (45) was sentenced to 4 years in federal prison for dispensing over a million hydrocodone tablets for cash. He made nearly $700,000 in 2008 from selling the powerful painkiller.
    (SFC, 4/15/10, p.A7)
2010        Apr 14, In Chicago James Larry (32) shot and killed his pregnant wife, infant son and 2 nieces in their home.
    (SFC, 4/17/10, p.A4)
2010        Apr 14, In Argentina Dmitry Medvedev used the first-ever visit by a Russian president to Argentina to urge the countries to boost economic ties and cooperate more on nuclear energy.
    (AP, 4/15/10)
2010        Apr 14, Australian police arrested a Chinese ship captain and senior officer and charged them with damaging the Great Barrier Reef, more than a week after their coal carrier ran aground and tore a two-mile (three km) gash in the protected area.
    (AP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 14, An Australia officials said swarms of locusts have infested a huge area of eastern Australia, roughly the size of Spain, ravaging farmland following recent floods.
    (AFP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 14, In Brazil a federal judge in Para state delayed the April 20 auction for construction of what would be the world's third-largest hydroelectric project. The $11 billion Belo Monte hydroelectric dam was cleared for construction Feb. 1 by Brazil's Environment Ministry and bidding was set for next week.
    (AP, 4/15/10)
2010        Apr 14, Chinese President Hu Jintao and Indian PM Manmohan Singh arrived in Brazil to participate in bilateral meetings with the leaders of other emerging economies and a BRIC summit on April 16.
    (AFP, 4/15/10)
2010        Apr 14, In China Wen Qiang (55), a former police chief in the southwestern city of Chongqing, was sentenced to death, in a sprawling gangland corruption case that has riveted the country. Wen was also found guilty of raping a university student in 2007 and 2008. Wen was detained in August and accused of protecting the gang operations masterminded by his sister-in-law, Xie Caiping (46), known as the "godmother" of the Chongqing underworld. Wen's wife was sentenced to 8 years in prison for taking bribes in exchange for protecting gang members.
    (AP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 14, In western China a series of strong earthquakes struck a mountainous area of Tibet, killing some 2,064 people and injuring more than 10,000, as houses made of mud and wood collapsed. 5 days later 3 people were pulled alive from the rubble. On May 31 the toll was raised to 2,698 with 270 still missing.
    (AP, 4/14/10)(AP, 4/15/10)(AP, 4/16/10)(AP, 4/19/10)(AP, 5/31/10)
2010        Apr 14, El Salvador President Mauricio Funes said Mexico's Zeta drug gang has entered El Salvador and has made contact with local gangs in what appears to be an exploration of opportunities.
    (AP, 4/15/10)
2010        Apr 14, Egypt's state news agency reported that 10 African nations have failed to conclude a long delayed new agreement for sharing water from the Nile and will call for closer co-operation instead.
    (AP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 14, In Iceland a volcano under the Eyjafjallajokull glacier erupted for the second time in less than a month, melting ice, shooting smoke and steam into the air, closing a major road and forcing hundreds of people to flee rising floodwaters.
    (AP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 14, In Indonesia protesters wielding machetes, sticks and petrol bombs clashed with riot police near the main seaport of Tanjung Priok in northern Jakarta in a series of running battles over a Muslim cleric's tomb, wounding 90 people. The bloody clashes left three dead and 156 wounded.
    (AP, 4/14/10)(AP, 4/15/10)
2010        Apr 14, In Iraq gunmen killed Sheik Ghazi Jabouri (48), a Sunni cleric, outside a Baghdad mosque where he had just finished leading morning prayers in the latest wave of attacks in the Iraqi capital that left five people dead. Iraqi police arrested members of a militant network allegedly behind the April 4 suicide car bombings against three embassies in Baghdad, which killed 46 people. The arrests were based on evidence given by a failed bomber caught on the day of the attacks. On May 4 videotaped confessions were shown of a man identified as the failed suicide bomber, Haitham Ahmed Khalaf, and the network's alleged ringleader, Mubarak Mohammed Abbas.
    (AP, 4/14/10)(AP, 5/4/10)
2010        Apr 14, Israeli police arrested Uri Lupolianski, a former mayor of Jerusalem (2003-2008), in connection with a multimillion-dollar bribery scandal that has been linked to a key confidant of former PM Ehud Olmert. The bribes were allegedly given during construction of the massive Holyland complex in the 1990s.
    (AP, 4/14/10)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.47)(AFP, 1/5/12)
2010        Apr 14, In Mexico a cargo plane crashed while trying to land overnight in the northern city of Monterrey, killing at least four crew members. A fifth crew member was missing and presumed dead.
    (AP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 14, In Nicaragua the opposition Liberal Constitutionalist party accused President Daniel Ortega of usurping power by issuing a decree extending the terms of two Supreme Court justices whose terms have ended.
    (AP, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 14, The 3-island territory of Tokelau declared itself a whale sanctuary, adding a huge patch of sea to the total protected area of more than 7 million square miles that is off limits to hunting in the Pacific Ocean. About 1,500 people live in Tokelau, a UN protectorate that remains a colony of New Zealand and lies about 300 miles (500 km) north of Samoa.
    (AP, 4/14/10) 
2010        Apr 14, Sudan's ruling party said it would invite opposition groups to join the government if it won elections, in an apparent bid to heal rifts over fraud accusations and faltering peace deals.
    (Reuters, 4/14/10)
2010        Apr 14, Thailand's "Red Shirt" protesters poured into Bangkok's commercial heart, saying they were ready for the "final round" in their fight to overthrow the embattled government.
    (AFP, 4/14/10)

2011        Apr 14, The US House and Senate voted on legislation to cut almost $40 billion from the budget for the current year, but President Barack Obama and his GOP rivals are both eager to move on to multiyear fiscal plans that cut trillions instead of billions. HR 1473, which will keep the US government open through Sept. 30 while trimming $38 billion from the federal budget, cleared the House with bipartisan support, 260-167. The bill then passed the Senate 81-19.
    (AP, 4/14/11)(http://tinyurl.com/6y9frk4)
2011        Apr 14, San Francisco supervisors heard that the city’s overtime bill for this fiscal year was on pace to hit nearly $40 million, $12 million more than last year.
    (SFC, 4/15/11, p.C4)
2011        Apr 14, Storms began late in the day in Oklahoma, where at least 5 tornadoes touched down and two people were killed. The system then pushed into Arkansas, killing 7 more.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 14, In Afghanistan 3 policemen were killed when 3 Taliban suicide bombers struck a police training centre in Paktia province. A second suicide attacker was gunned down before blowing up himself. The third attacker escaped. Two other suicide attacks in Kabul and Kandahar city left 7 people wounded.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Argentina's last dictator, Reynaldo Bignone (85), was sentenced to life in prison for crimes against humanity stemming from human rights abuses under the country's 1976-83 military regime.
    (AFP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 14, Bahrain's justice minister said Wefaq, the opposition's main Shiite party, will be dismantled within a month for "threatening peace."
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 14, Britain's Guardian newspaper published a statement by the coauthors of a scathing UN report on Israel's conduct during its 2008-2009 offensive in Gaza. They said they stand by their work, hitting back at critics who've pushed to have its findings withdrawn after the report's lead author, Richard Goldstone, aired doubts about one of its central conclusions.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, In China 10 people were killed over the last 24 hours at a bathhouse and car wash in Anshan city in Liaoning province. Police soon arrested suspect Zhou Yuxin (33), the owner of both businesses. The dead included Yuxin’s wife, father and son.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 14, Denmark's foreign minister said she will urge US states such as Texas and Ohio to stop using a drug produced by a Danish company in lethal injections. Lene Espersen said she cannot take direct action against the company that produces pentobarbital because the drug is not exported from Denmark. It is produced by a plant in Kansas that is owned by Denmark's Lundbeck A/S. Britain announced it was banning the export of three such drugs to the United States.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, A top French security official said two French citizens have been arrested in Pakistan, where authorities have linked them to a top suspected al-Qaida militant over the 2002 nightclub bombing in Bali.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, In Iraq roadside bombs killed three people, including 2 policemen, at a market in Mahmoudiya.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, In Ivory Coast teams of Red Cross workers shoveled charred corpses into bags in Abidjan, while UN peacekeepers gathered weapons hidden in basements, throwing them into dump trucks for disposal. Residents of Yopougon, a suburb of Abidjan, said the pro-Ouattara forces were shooting into the air to frighten people into fleeing, and then pillaging their homes and shops.
    (AP, 4/14/11)(AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 14, Libyan rebels begged for more NATO air strikes, saying they faced a massacre from government artillery barrages on the besieged city of Misrata. Western allies squabbled over the air campaign as forces loyal to Gadhafi shelled Misrata, killing at least 23 people. NATO warplanes launched air strikes on Tripoli. State-run Al-Libya TV channel reported that there were casualties. NATO allies rebuffed French and British calls to contribute more actively to the air war in Libya despite fears of a military stalemate.
    (Reuters, 4/14/11)(AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Mexican police arrested suspect Rodrigo Elizalde Mora in the central city of Cuernavaca. He allegedly confessed to participating in the March 28 killing of Juan Francisco Sicilia, a well-known poet's son and six other people. Mora appeared the next day before reporters badly beaten, and said he had been kidnapped by four unidentified men in a sport utility vehicle, who then apparently turned him over to authorities.
    (AP, 4/15/11)
2011        Apr 14, NATO allies met in Berlin seeking to bridge differences over their campaign in Libya, as rebels fighting to topple Moamer Kadhafi reported an intensive bombing blitz by alliance warplanes.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Morocco's Justice Ministry says the king has granted pardons or lightened sentences for 190 prisoners in response to a request from an official human rights body.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Mozambique announced that it is building a $102 million (€70 million) airport in the northern city Nacala in an effort to expand infrastructure to attract tourists and investment.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Pakistan freed 89 Indian fishermen imprisoned for fishing and violating its territorial waters as the nuclear-armed rivals resume a fledgling peace process.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Federal authorities in Puerto Rico seized $1.35 million in cash hidden inside a car aboard a cargo ship that arrived from Philadelphia.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 14, Augusto Marin (b.1921), one of Puerto Rico's best-known painters and muralists, died. He was best known for large paintings and murals in the modern style that blended Caribbean and religious elements.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Russia was reported to have banned the hunting of polar bears this year, thanks to a group with close ties to Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, a longtime defender of large endangered animals.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Somalia's government rejected the outcome of a UN-backed meeting on the Horn of Africa nation that called for the ouster of the current leadership to prepare the country for new elections.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, Spanish telecoms giant Telefonica said it plans to cut its workforce in Spain by about 20 percent, or some 6,000 people, over the next three years as a cost-cutting measure.
    (AFP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, In Sudan Ahmed Haroun, a candidate for South Kordofan state governor, said Sudanese militia have killed 17 people in the oil-producing South Kordofan region just two weeks before long-delayed elections. Haroun has been accused by the International Criminal Court of coordinating brutal militias during a counter-insurgency campaign in Darfur. Most of the north's oil reserves have been discovered in South Kordofan. South Kordofan lies on the fault line between north and south Sudan, incorporating: the Nuba population, which largely sided with the south during the war.
    (Reuters, 4/14/11)(http://tinyurl.com/455t92s)
2011        Apr 14, Glencore, a Swiss-based mining company, said it would list 20% of its shares in London and Hong Kong in an IPO that will raise as much as $11 billion.
    (Econ, 4/16/11, p.68)
2011        Apr 14, Uganda’s military police officers shot Kizza Besigye, the top opposition politician, in the right hand and fired tear gas into a hospital as demonstrations against rising fuel and food prices broke out in several locations across the country.
    (AP, 4/14/11)
2011        Apr 14, In Vietnam authorities in the central Quang Nam province agreed to set up the reserve dedicated to the secretive saola, a relative of antelopes and cattle and one of the world's rarest animals, which was only discovered in 1992. This was the second Sao La conservation zone in Vietnam, after the first one located at the Bach Ma National Park in the central province of Thua Thien-Hue.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3u3l889)
2011        Apr 14, Zimbabwe President Mugabe condemned gay "filth" in Europe, as he lambasted Western powers for maintaining their asset freeze and travel ban on him and his inner circle. Mugabe also said the government would go ahead with the takeover of foreign companies.
    (AP, 4/14/11)(Reuters, 4/14/11)

2012        Apr 14, The United States called off plans to send food aid to North Korea after the impoverished state's defiant rocket launch, as an aid group feared more than two million children would go hungry.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, In the Full Crew Farallones Race outside San Francisco 5 sailors were lost as a towering wave washed them overboard as their boar rounded the Farallon Islands. 3 sailors survived.
    (SFC, 4/17/12, p.A1)(SFC, 4/25/12, p.A1)
2012        Apr 14, In Afghanistan Salahuddin Rabbani, the son of a former peace council chairman killed by a suicide bomber on Sep 20, 2011, was elected to succeed his father as head of the 70-member Afghan High Peace Council, tasked with reaching out to the Taliban to find a political resolution to the decade-long war.
    (AP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Afghan forces with air support from NATO combed through the country's mountainous northeast in their third day of a major offensive against militants in a province that serves as an insurgent supply route from Pakistan. A spokesman for Nuristan province said nearly 30 insurgents have been killed and at least 30 have been wounded in the operation that began in Kamdesh district.
    (AP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Belarus pardoned Andrei Sannikov, a political prisoner and former presidential candidate. He had been convicted in 2011 of organizing mass unrest.
    (SSFC, 4/15/12, p.A5)
2012        Apr 14, Burkina Faso Pres. Blaise Compaore opened talks as mediator with the military junta that briefly seized power in Mali last month and Malian politicians trying to navigate a way out of the crisis.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, In Colombia the Summit of the Americas for 33 Western Hemisphere leaders opened with the United States and Canada standing firm, but alone, against everyone else's insistence that Cuba join future summits.
    (AP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Egypt's election commission disqualified 10 presidential hopefuls, including Hosni Mubarak's former spy chief and fundamentalist Islamists, from running in the race for the country's first post-revolutionary leader.
    (AP, 4/15/12)
2012        Apr 14, French energy giant Total said it had made progress on plans to fix the gas leak at well G4 on its Elgin platform, 150 miles (240km) off Aberdeen on Scotland's east coast.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Indonesian authorities said they had found a boat reported missing en route to Australia and that some 60 asylum seekers it was carrying were believed to have fled. The mostly Afghan asylum seekers on board made a distress call to Australia on April 11, saying they were in rough seas and their boat was sinking.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Iran and senior diplomats from the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany, known as the P5+1, gathered at the negotiating table in Istanbul for their first meeting in 15 months hoping to ease tensions over Tehran's nuclear program.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting a security patrol killed two policeman in the western province of Anbar.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Madagascar reported that it has passed an amnesty law that blocks ousted leader Marc Ravalomanana from returning to the island country.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Maldives President Mohamed Waheed, accused of seizing power in a military-backed coup, faced his first popularity test when voting was held in two key by-elections.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Nigeria's militant group MEND threatened to attack South Africa's investments, including telecoms firm MTN, in the Niger Delta, because of the terror trial of its leader, Henry Okah, in Johannesburg.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, In Pakistan gunmen shot dead seven Shiite Muslims in two separate incidents of sectarian violence in the troubled southwestern city of Quetta.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, In Peru 36 gas field construction workers, kidnapped 5 days earlier, were released by Shining Path rebels as police closed in during a search.
    (SSFC, 4/15/12, p.A5)
2012        Apr 14, A Sudanese plane bombed Bentiu, capital of South Sudan's oil-rich border state of Unity, killing five civilians and wounding six.
    (AFP, 4/14/12)
2012        Apr 14, Syria shelled rebel districts of Homs. A fragile truce was now in its third day. 5 people were killed, among them Samir Shalab al-Sham (26), a photographer and father of two who had been documenting the destruction. In Aleppo 3 civilians were wounded when a funeral procession came under fire. In Dmeir, outside Damascus, security forces opened fire on a car killing one civilian and wounding two. 2 soldiers were killed in an attack on their car in the southern province of Daraa. The UN Security Council in New York voted to authorize an advance team of observers to help maintain the cease-fire. UN Resolution 2042 approved the sending of 30 unarmed military observers as soon as possible and called on both the government and opposition forces to halt "armed violence in all its forms."
    (AFP, 4/14/12)(AP, 4/15/12)(AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 14, In Yemen Al-Qaida fighters attacked a security checkpoint on the outskirts of Aden and killed four troops while losing eight of their own. Separately militants kidnapped a senior intelligence officer and two soldiers in the town of Radda south of Sanaa. 3 jihadist leaders were killed in an air strike in Bayda province. Among the dead was local AQAP leader, Abu Hamza al-Sabri, referred to as the "Emir (prince) of Bayda."
    (AP, 4/14/12)(AFP, 4/15/12)(AFP, 5/10/12)

2013        Apr 14, In Belgium a Polish bus carrying Russian youngsters crashed through the guardrails of a bridge and plunged 5 meters (16 feet) to a field below, killing at least five people and injuring 12.
    (AP, 4/14/13)
2013        Apr 14, Marcella Pattyn (92), the world’s last Beguine, died in Belgium. She was the last woman living in a lay Christian order that dated back some 800 years in Germany and the Low Countries. 
    (Econ, 4/27/13, p.86)
2013        Apr 14, In CAR weekend fighting left at least 10 people dead in the Poukandja neighborhood of Bangui, while another 7 bodies were found elsewhere.
    (AP, 4/14/13)
2013        Apr 14, In Iraq a roadside bomb explosion followed by a gunbattle north of Baghdad killed three people, including Najam Saeed, a Sunni candidate running in the upcoming provincial elections. A series of attacks around the country killed a total of 10 people, including Saeed.
    (AP, 4/14/13)
2013        Apr 14, Efraim "Efi" Arazi (76), a pioneer of Israel's powerful high-tech industry, died. He helped develop technology that allowed for a video recording of the first 1969 moon landing, has died. We was the founder of Scitex, Electronics for Imaging, and iMedia.
    (AP, 4/15/13)
2013        Apr 14, In northwest Pakistan the Taliban targeted two leaders of the secular Awami National Party, an anti-militant political party, killing one and wounding another in bomb blasts. Taliban attacks were targeting members of secular-leaning parties during their campaigns for next month's parliamentary election.
    (AP, 4/14/13)
2013        Apr 14, In northwest Pakistan a suspected US missile strike killed four people in Datta Khel town of North Waziristan.
    (AP, 4/14/13)
2013        Apr 14, Saudi billionaire Prince Alwaleed bin Talal indicated support of allowing women there to drive. He also said that he would help the kingdom's campaign to cut down on the number of foreign workers.
    (AP, 4/14/13)
2013        Apr 14, In Somalia 9 al-Shabab Islamic extremists, most wearing suicide vests, stormed the main court complex in Mogadishu while the Supreme Court was in session, firing a barrage of bullets during a running gun battle with security forces that lasted two hours. A car bomb later exploded near the airport. At least 35 people were killed in the attacks, including all 9 militants.
    (AP, 4/14/13)(AP, 4/15/13)
2013        Apr 14, In Spain thousands of people demonstrated against the monarchy in Madrid.
    (SFC, 4/15/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 14, Syrian government forces and aircraft attacked rebel strongholds across the country, killing at least 25 people. The Observatory said a rebel and a civilian were killed in airstrikes and fighting in the suburbs of Damascus. It also said that four civilians died after being tortured in a jail in the town of Zakyeh.
    (AP, 4/14/13)(SFC, 4/15/13, p.A3)
2013        Apr 14, Venezuela held presidential elections. Nicolas Maduro, Hugo Chavez's hand-picked successor, won the election by a stunningly narrow margin. Electoral officials said he got just 50.7 percent of the votes compared to 49.1% for Henrique Capriles, with nearly all ballots counted.
    (AP, 4/14/13)(AP, 4/15/13)

2014        Apr 14, California police said two parolees killed at least four women while wearing GPS trackers last fall. Franc Cano (27) and Steven Dean Gordon (45) were charged with four counts of rape and four counts of murder.
    (SFC, 4/15/14, p.A8)
2014        Apr 14, Google bought Titan Aerospace, a maker of solar powered drones, for an undisclosed sum. It planned to use the drones to help deliver wireless internet access to remote parts of the world.
    (Econ, 4/19/14, p.58)
2014        Apr 14, Algerian nomads began voting for the April 17 presidential election at 167 mobile polling stations in the country's vast desert interior.
    (AFP, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 14, Australian search crews sent a robotic submarine deep into the Indian Ocean for the first time to begin scouring the seabed for the missing Malaysian Flight MH370 after no signals from its black boxes were detected for six days.
    (AP, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 14, The EU threatened Russia with more sanctions over its actions in eastern Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 14, French police demanded that male students and staff at a high school in western France — 527 people in total — give DNA samples as they searched for the assailant who raped a teenage girl in La Rochelle. Investigators had exhausted all other leads in the Sept. 30 rape of the girl in a dark bathroom at the school.
    (AP, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 14, Iran said it could be a "reliable, secure and long-term" supplier of gas to Europe.
    (AFP, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 14, In Kashmir a nearly 20-hour gunbattle in Indian-controlled Kashmir ended after government troops killed two suspected rebels in Srinagar.
    (AP, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 14, The Mexican government said vigilante groups in the western state of Michoacan will have to register their guns with the army by May 10. The "self-defense" groups will have the choice of joining rural defense corps set up under the army.
    (AP, 4/15/14)
2014        Apr 14, In Nigeria a massive explosion ripped through a bus station during the morning rush hour in Abuja, killing at least 72 people and wounding 164 in a bombing that marked the bloodiest terrorist attack ever in the capital. Boko Haram Islamists kidnapped more than 100 girls from a secondary school in northeastern Borno state.
    (AP, 4/14/14)(AP, 4/15/14)(SFC, 4/15/14, p.A4)(AFP, 4/15/14)
2014        Apr 14, Pakistani police re-arrested a convicted cannibal after finding a young boy's head in his home. Mohammad Arif (35) and his brother Mohammad Farman (30) from the small town of Darya Khan, served two years in jail for cannibalism and were released last year.
    (Reuters, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 14, A Palestinian woman died after reportedly inhaling tear gas used by Israeli troops at Ayda refugee camp near the West Bank city of Bethlehem, but the military denied any involvement. An Israeli man was killed and his wife and son wounded as they drove through the West Bank en route to a Passover meal.
    (AFP, 4/15/14)(AP, 4/15/14)
2014        Apr 14, Romanian poet and translator Nina Cassian (89) died in NYC. She had obtained political asylum in the US after the Communist-era secret police found her critical poems scribbled in a friend's diary.
    (AP, 4/16/14)(Econ, 5/17/14, p.86)
2014        Apr 13, Ernesto Laclau (b.1935), Argentine post-Marxist political philosopher, died in Spain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernesto_Laclau)
2014        Apr 14, Sudan's official SUNA news agency reported that President Omar al-Bashir has issued a decree banning political parties from holding meetings without permission from the authorities.
    (AFP, 4/15/14)
2014        Apr 14, Syrian troops retook the ancient Christian town of Maalula from rebels. More than 30 mortars fired from rebel areas landed on the loyalist Damascus suburb of Jaramana, killing 5 people.
    (AFP, 4/14/14)(Econ, 4/19/14, p.42)
2014        Apr 14, Ukraine's acting President Oleksandr Turchynov said the Kiev leadership was "not against" a referendum being held on the type of state Ukraine should be and added he was sure it would confirm the wish of the majority for a united, independent country.
    (Reuters, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 14, Ukraine's acting President Oleksandr Turchynov called for the deployment of UN peacekeeping troops in the east of the country, where pro-Russian insurgents have occupied buildings in nearly 10 cities. During the storming of a police station in Horlivka earlier today, one man identified himself as a lieutenant colonel of the Russian army. About 100 pro-Russian protesters armed with bats and rocks stormed a police station in the eastern town of Gorlivka, smashing its windows and grabbing metal shields from police. Pro-Russian militants seized two of Ukrainian soldiers "hostage" in the separatist eastern region of Lugansk.
    (AP, 4/14/14)(AFP, 4/14/14)(AFP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 14, Vietnam said it has granted early release to two high-profile dissidents, bringing the number of democracy activists freed this month to three in what the government called a "policy of leniency." Vi Duc Hoi and Nguyen Tien Trung were released over the weekend with 1½ years and nine months remaining of their sentences respectively.
    (AP, 4/14/14)
2014        Apr 14, In Yemen suspected smugglers shot dead a Saudi Arabian border guard and wounded another in the early hours today, in what would be the second such incident in five days. Saudi troops seized 14 guns left behind by the smugglers at the site of the clash.
    (Reuters, 4/14/14)(AFP, 4/15/14)

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