Today in History - April 16

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69AD        Apr 16, Otho (32-69) committed suicide after he was defeated by Vitellius' (15-69) troops at Bedriacum. Otho had declared himself emperor of Rome after he killed Galba, who had been acclaimed emperor by his legions in Spain.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1667)(HN, 4/16/98)

556        Apr 16, Pelagius I began his reign as Catholic Pope.
    (HN, 4/16/98)

1065        Apr 16, The Norman Robert Guiscard took Bari, ending five centuries of Byzantine rule in southern Italy.
    (HN, 4/16/98)

1346        Apr 16, King Stefanus IX of Serbia proclaimed himself czar of Greece.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1446        Apr 16, Filippo Brunelleschi (69), architect, sculptor and goldsmith, died and was buried in the Cathedral of St. Mary of the Flower in Florence. In the 1490s Antonio di Tuccio Manetti authored “The Life of Brunelleschi." In 1974 Isabelle Hyman authored “Brunelleschi in Perspective."
    (ON, 9/00, p.8)(MC, 4/16/02)

1503        Apr 16, Christopher Columbus abandoned the garrison at Rio Belen (Panama) and sailed for home (Hispaniola) with 3 ships. On the way he was shipwrecked in Jamaica.
    (http://www1.minn.net/~keithp/v4.htm)

1521        Apr 16, Martin Luther arrived at Diet of Worms.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1529        Apr 16, Louis de Berquin, French humanist, reformer, heretic, was burned at stake.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1605        Apr 16, New Mexico’s Gov. Don Juan de Onate y Salazar passed by the sandstone bluff of El Morro where he left his mark in the stone. He was returning from an expedition to the Gulf of California, which he called the South Sea.
    (SSFC, 4/10/05, p.F9)(Econ., 3/14/15, SR p.3)

1619        Apr 16, Denijs Calvaert (Caluwaert), [Dionisio Fiamingo], Flemish painter, died.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1632        Apr 16, Albrecht von Wallenstein was appointed supreme commander of Holy Roman Empire forces.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1635        Apr 16, Frans van Mieris, the Elder, Dutch painter, was born.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1648        Apr 16, John Luyken, poet, etcher (Duytse Lyre), was born.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1660        Apr 16, Hans Sloane, founder of British Museum, was born.
    (HN, 4/16/98)

1687        Apr 16, George Villiers (b.1628), the 2nd Duke of Buckingham, died. The English statesman was a poet, an amateur chemist and one of England’s richest men.
    (Econ, 4/3/10, p.88)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Villiers,_2nd_Duke_of_Buckingham)

1697        Apr 16, Johann Gottlieb Gorner, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1705        Apr 16, Queen Anne of England knighted Isaac Newton at Trinity College.
    (HN, 4/16/98)(MC, 4/16/02)

1728        Apr 16, Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist, was born.
    (HN, 4/16/01)

1746        Apr 16, Bonnie Prince Charles was defeated at the battle of Culloden, the last pitched battle fought in Britain. King George II won the battle of Culloden. Bonnie Prince Charlie used English rifleman and virtually annihilated the sword-wielding, rebellious, Highlander clans of Scotland at Culloden. It was the last major land battle fought on British soil. The Battle of Culloden was a crushing defeat for Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Highlander clans that backed him. About 50 English soldiers were killed. The Highlanders lost about 1,500 men.
    (PCh, 1992, p.297)(SFC, 6/25/95, p.T-7)(SFC, 12/4/96, p.B1)(SFEC,12/797, p.T4)(SSFC, 7/6/14, p.L6)

1760        Apr 16, In England Laurence, 4th Earl Ferrers, was executed for the murder of his steward. [see May 5]
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1777        Apr 16, New England's minute men, Green Mountain Boys, routed British regulars at the Battle of Bennington.
    (HN, 4/16/98)(MC, 4/16/02)

1786        Apr 16, Sir John Franklin, arctic explorer, was born. He discovered the North-West Passage.
    (HN, 4/16/99)

1789        Apr 16, George Washington left Mount Vernon, Va., for the first presidential inauguration in New York.
    (AP, 4/16/97)(HN, 4/16/98)

1800        Apr 16, George Charles Bingham, British soldier, was born. He commanded the Light Brigade during its famous 1854 charge. [see Oct 16, 1797, Lord Cardigan]
    (HN, 4/16/01)

1818        Apr 16, U.S. Senate ratified the Rush-Bagot amendment to form an unarmed U.S.-Canada border. The Rush-Bagot Agreement between Great Britain and the U.S. had to do with mutual disarmament on the Great Lakes. In the exchange of notes between British minister to the U.S. Charles Bagot and Richard Rush, Acting Secretary of State, the countries agreed to limits on their inland naval forces. A sequel to the Treaty of Ghent, the agreement was approved by the U.S. Senate on April 16, 1818.
    (HN, 4/16/98)(HNQ, 6/7/00)

1825        Apr 16, John Henry Fuseli (aka Johan Heinrich Fussli b.1741), Swiss born British Romantic painter, died. His paintings included “Nightmare" (1782).
    (www.artnet.com/library/03/0302/T030268.asp)(Econ, 2/18/06, p.78)

1828        Apr 16, Francisco Josd Goya y Lucientes (b.1746), Spanish painter, cartoonist, died at age 82 in France. He had served 3 generations of Spanish kings as court painter. In 2002 Julia Blackburn authored "Old Man Goya." In 2003 Robert Hughes authored "Goya."
    (WSJ, 4/16/99, p.W2)(WSJ, 5/10/02, p.W8)(MC, 4/16/02)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.81)
1828        Apr 16, Francisco Jose Goya y Lucientes (b.1746), Spanish painter, cartoonist, died at age 82 in France. He had served 3 generations of Spanish kings as court painter. In 2002 Julia Blackburn authored "Old Man Goya." In 2003 Robert Hughes authored "Goya." See link for Goya timeline.
    (WSJ, 5/10/02, p.W8)(Econ, 10/18/03, p.81)(http://tinyurl.com/ngxt7)

1844        Apr 16, Anatole France (d.1924), French novelist and essayist, was born. He won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1921. His love for Madame de Caillavet, whose salon helped make him famous, formed the backdrop for his novel “Le Lys Rouge," (The Red Lily). “All the historical books which contain no lies are extremely tedious."
    (WSJ, 2/20/96, p.A-14)(AP, 10/11/98)(HN, 4/16/01)

1846        Apr 16, Domenico Dragonetti (83), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1849        Apr 16, Giacomo Meyerbeer's Opera "Le Prophete," premiered in Paris. [see Apr 6]
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1850        Apr 16, Thomas Sidney Gilchrist, British metallurgist and inventor, was born.
    (HN, 4/16/01)
1850        Apr 16, Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud (89), Swiss-born maker of wax figures, died.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1853        Apr 16, India's 1st steam locomotive pulled 14 cars and 400 people 34 km. from Bombay to Thane.
    (NG, 5/95, p.140)(Econ, 12/6/03, p.61)

1854        Apr 16, Franz Liszt's "Mazeppa," premiered.
    (MC, 4/16/02)
1854        Apr 16, San Salvador was destroyed by an earthquake.
    (HN, 4/16/98)

1859        Apr 16, Alexis de Tocqueville (b.1805), French writer, died in Cannes. His collected writings filled 17 volumes and included "Democracy in America" (1835) and "The Old Regime and the French Revolution" (1856). In 2001 a new English translation by Harvey C. Mansfield and Delba Winthrop was published. In 2001 Sheldon S. Wolin authored "Tocqueville Between Two Worlds." In 2006 Hugh Brogan authored “Alexis de Tocqueville: Prophet of Democracy in the Age of Revolution – A Biography."
    (WSJ, 9/26/01, p.A18)(www.tocqueville.org/chap1.htm)(Econ, 11/25/06, p.85)

1861        Apr 16, US president Lincoln outlawed business with confederate states.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1862        Apr 16, Confederate President Jefferson Davis approved conscription act for white males between 18 and 35.
    (HN, 4/16/98)
1862        Apr 16, President Lincoln signed the April 3 bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia became law.
    (HN, 4/16/98)(AP, 4/16/08)

1864        Apr 16, Flora Batson, soprano baritone singer, was born.
    (HN, 4/16/99)

1866        Apr 16, Karakozov attempted to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1867        Apr 16, Wilbur Wright (d.1912), aeronautical inventor, was born in Dayton, Ohio.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_brothers)

1871        Apr 16, John Millington Synge (d.1909), dramatist and poet, was born in Ireland.
    (HN, 4/16/99)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Millington_Synge)
1871        Apr 16, German Empire ended all anti-Jewish civil restrictions.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1874        Apr 16, Dr. David Livingstone's corpse arrived in Southampton.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1879        Apr 16, Saint Bernadette, who had described seeing visions of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes, died in Nevers, France.
    (AP, 4/16/04)

1883        Apr 16, Paul Kruger was chosen president of Transvaal.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1885        Apr 16, Leo Weiner, composer (Fasching), was born in Hungary.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1888        Apr 16, Drentse and Friese peat cutters went on strike.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1889        Apr 16, Charlie Chaplin (d.1977), actor, director, composer and silent movie comedian, was born in London into a family of music hall performers. He is best remembered for his character “Little Tramp." He was a British motion-picture actor, producer, writer, director and composer and worked in America from 1913-1952. In 1997 his biography “Charlie Chaplin and His Times" by Kenneth S. Lynn was published.
    (HFA, '96, p.28)(AHD, p.225)(WUB, 1994, p.247)(WSJ, 3/7/97, p.A12)(HN, 4/16/99)(AP, 4/16/00)

1900        Apr 16, US Post Office issued its 1st books of postage stamps.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1904        Apr 16, Lily Pons, soprano diva, was born in Draguignan, France.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1907        Apr 16, Joseph-Armand Bombardier, inventor of the snowmobile, was born in Valcourt, Quebec, Canada.
    (www.museebombardier.com/en/content/jab/biographie1907_1925.htm)

1912        Apr 16, Harriet Quimby became the first woman to fly across the English Channel.
    (AP, 4/16/97)

1917        Apr 16, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin returned to Russia after years of exile to start the Bolshevik Revolution.
    (AP, 4/16/97)(HN, 4/16/98)

1919        Apr 16, Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer, was born.
    (HN, 4/16/01)

1921        Apr 16, Peter Ustinov (d.2004), actor (Death on Nile, Logan's Run, Billy Budd), was born in London.
    (AP, 3/29/04)

1922        Apr 16, Kingsley Amis (d.1995), novelist and poet, was born. He wrote more than 20 novels and 6 volumes of verse. His work included “The King’s English: A Guide to Modern Usage." In 1998 Eric Jacobs published the biography “Kingsley Amis."
    (WSJ, 10/23/95, p.A-1)(SFEC, 7/19/98, BR p.3)(HN, 4/16/01)
1922        Apr 16, Annie Oakley shot 100 clay targets in a row, to set a women's record.
    (HN, 4/16/98)
1922        Apr 16, A German-Russia treaty was signed in Italy. It recognized the Soviet Union.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1924        Apr 16, Henry Mancini, composer and conductor of such songs as “Moon River."
    (HN, 4/16/99)

1926        Apr 16, The new Book of the Month Club sent out its 1st selection: "Lolly Willows or The Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner. It went to nearly 5,000 members who had joined the Club, which had just been established in New York City.
    (http://tinyurl.com/gmvh6)

1935        Apr 16, The radio comedy program "Fibber McGee and Molly" premiered on the NBC Blue Network.
    (AP, 4/16/97)

1939        Apr 16, Toni Matt on Mt. Washington in New Hampshire’s White Mountains raced down the headwall on wooden skis in a record 6 min. and 29.4 sec.
    (WSJ, 4/17/97, p.A1,10)
1939        Apr 16, Stalin requested a British, French and Russian anti-Nazi pact.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1940        Apr 16, The 1st televised baseball game on WGN-TV featured the White Sox vs. Cubs in exhibition.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1942        Apr 16, The Japanese occupying army on Java installed film censorship.
    (MC, 4/16/02)
1942        Apr 16, The Island of Malta was awarded the George Cross in recognition for heroism under constant German air attack. It was the first such award given to any part of the British Commonwealth.
    (HN, 4/16/99)
1942        Apr 16, Swiss Nazis in Payerne killed Jewish cattle trader Arthur Bloch. In 2009 novelist Jacques Chessex (1934-2009) recounted the event in his novel “A Jew Must Die."
    (AP, 10/10/09)(http://tinyurl.com/yzz3kvl)

1943        Apr 16, Swiss chemist Albert Hoffman (1906-2008) felt the first rush of LSD when a tiny amount of the substance seeped onto his finger during a laboratory experiment.
    (AP, 4/30/08)

1944        Apr 16, Dennis Russell Davies, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/16/02)
1944        Apr 16, The destroyer USS Laffey survived horrific damage from attacks by 22 Japanese aircraft off Okinawa.
    (HN, 4/16/99)
1944        Apr 16, Germany’s U-550 torpedoed the gasoline tanker SS Pan Pennsylvania, which had lagged behind its protective convoy as it set out with 140,000 barrels of gasoline for Great Britain. One of the tanker's three escorts, the USS Joyce, saw it on sonar and severely damaged it by dropping depth charges. The crew abandoned the submarine, but not before setting off explosions to scuttle it in waters off Nantucket. On July 23, 2012, divers discovered the submarine.
    (AFP, 7/27/12) 
1944        Apr 16, The Belgrade Zemun airdrome was bombed by Allied forces for the 3rd day in a row. The bombing was carried out by the 414th Bomb Squadron stationed at Amendola, Italy.
    (SFC, 4/1/99, p.A12)

1945        Apr 16, In his first speech to Congress, President Truman pledged to carry out the war and peace policies of his predecessor, President Roosevelt.
    (AP, 4/16/97)
1945            Apr 16, After a 2-day fight US troops liberated the German POW camp at Colditz Castle.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colditz_Castle)
1945        Apr 16, U.S. troops reached Nuremberg, Germany, during World War II.
    (AP, 4/16/98)(HN, 4/16/98)
1945        Apr 16, US troops landed on He Shima, Okinawa.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1946        Apr 16, On opening day for Baseball in Boston with the Braves vs. the Brooklyn Dodgers, the newly painted seats had not yet dried when guests seated themselves. The Braves management picked up the cleaning tab for all.
    (SFEC, 4/6/97, Z1 p.5)
1946        Apr 16, 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket was at White Sands, NM. It reached 8 km.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1947        Apr 16, Lew Alcinder (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar), professional basketball player, was born. He made his career with the Los Angeles Lakers
    (HN, 4/16/99)
1947        Apr 16, Carol Mosely Braun, later US Senator for Illinois (1992-1998), was born in Chicago.
    (SFC, 1/14/04, p.A2)
1947        Apr 16, Financier and presidential confidant Bernard Baruch, in a speech given during the unveiling of his portrait in the South Carolina House of Representatives, coined the term "Cold War" to describe relations between the United States and the Soviet Union: "Let us not be deceived -- we are today in the midst of a cold war."
    (AP, 4/16/97)(www.history.com/this-day-in-history/4/16?catId=3)
1947        Apr 16, A lens that provided zoom effects was demonstrated in New York City.
    (HN, 4/16/98)
1947        Apr 16, The French ship Grandcamp, carrying ammonium nitrate fertilizer, caught fire and blew up, devastating Texas City, Texas. It was America's worst harbor explosion. Another ship, the Highflyer, exploded the following day. The final death toll was 576, and more than 3,000 Texas City residents were left homeless. Property damage ran into the millions.
    (SFC, 5/4/96, p.E-4)(AP, 4/16/97)(HNPD, 4/17/00)

1955        Apr 16, Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, was beheaded.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1958        Apr 16, Arnold Palmer won his first Masters golf tournament.
    (HN, 4/16/98)
1958        Apr 16, Rosalind Franklin (b.1920), English chemist and one of the four scientists who discovered the structure of DNA, died in London of ovarian cancer. She made the 1st x-ray image that revealed the double helix structure of DNA (1953). In 2002 Brenda Maddox authored "Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA."
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosalind_Franklin)(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M2)

1961        Apr 16, Selena, Latina singer (Grammy-1994), was born in Texas.
    (MC, 4/16/02)
1961        Apr 16, In the 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie won.
    (MC, 4/16/02)
1961        Apr 16, Fidel Castro declared that Cuba is now a socialist state. Pres. Kennedy called off the CIA air strikes in Cuba. The message did not reach the 1,511 commandos headed for the Bay of Pigs.
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, p.A19)(SFC, 2/202/08, p.A3)

1962        Apr 16, Walter Cronkite succeeded Douglas Edwards as anchorman of "The CBS Evening News."
    (AP, 4/16/97)
1962        Apr 16, Brazil nationalized US businesses.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1966        Apr 16, Rhodesian PM Ian Smith broke diplomatic relations with Britain.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1968        Apr 16, The Pentagon announced the “Vietnamization" of the war; troops will begin coming home.
    (HN, 4/16/99)
1968        Apr 16, Edna Ferber (b.1885), US author (Giant, Showboat), died. Her novels included “Show Boat" (1926), which was produced on Broadway in 1927 and later adopted 4 times as a movie.
    (www.apl.org/history/ferber/edna.bio.html)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edna_Ferber)

1972        Apr 16, Apollo 16 blasted off on a voyage to the moon.
    (AP, 4/16/97)
1972        Apr 16, The Republic of China presented two Pandas to the US National Zoo: Hsing-Hsing and Ling-Ling. Ling-Ling died in 1992.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.C14)(HN, 4/16/98)

1973        Apr 16, Istvan Kertesc (43), Hungarian-German conductor (London Symphony), drowned.
    (MC, 4/16/02)

1978        Apr 16, Lucius D. Clay (b.1897), US General and governor of the US zone in West Germany during the airlift, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucius_D._Clay)
1978        Apr 16, A tornado struck in Orissa, India, and killed 173 people.
    (www.bangladeshtornadoes.org/climo/btorcli0.htm)

1980        Apr 16, Arthur Ashe (1943-1993) retired from professional tennis following quadruple bypass surgery. He contracted the HIV virus from a blood transfusion after a second bypass operation in 1983.
    (http://tinyurl.com/362hrn)

1984        Apr 16, In San Francisco nearly 200 people were arrested as some 1,000 demonstrators protested the noon speech by Henry Kissinger as the SF Hilton Hotel. “I believe that, within the next 12 to 15 months, there is every possibility that significant negotiations with the Soviet Union will start."
    (www.commonwealthclub.org/archive/84/84-04kissinger-speech.html)(SSFC, 4/12/09, DB p.43)

1986        Apr 16, Dispelling rumors he was dead, Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi appeared on television to condemn the US raid on his country.
    (AP, 4/16/06)

1987        Apr 16, The Federal Communications Commission put broadcasters on notice it would impose a broader definition of indecency over the airwaves.
    (AP, 4/16/97)
1987        Apr 16, Winners of the 1987 Pulitzer Prizes included August Wilson's "Fences" for drama and Peter Taylor's "A Summons to Memphis" for fiction.
    (AP, 4/16/97)
1987        Apr 16, Iraqi forces attacked the Kurdish villages of Basilan and Sheik Wasan. This is believed to be the first time Saddam's regime used chemical weapons on Iraqi citizens.
    (AP, 8/22/06)
1987        Apr 16, Swedish Radio claimed that Swedish arms company AB Bofors paid kickbacks to top Indian politicians and key defense officials to secure a deal.
    (http://tinyurl.com/47jy7dp)

1988        Apr 16, Abu Jihad, [Khalil al-Wazzir], PLO-leader, was murdered by Israeli assassins in Tunisia. They left the chief strategist of the Palestinian uprising with 170 bullets in his body. The Palestine Liberation Organization accused Israel of assassinating al-Wazir, a top PLO military figure. Palestinians reacted angrily, and at least 14 were shot and killed by Israeli troops during clashes in the occupied Gaza Strip and West Bank. In 2012 Israel admitted responsibility for the killing of Abu Jihad.
    (AP, 4/16/98)(AP, 1/22/06)(AP, 11/1/12)
1988        Apr 16, In Forli, Italy, the Red Brigades-PCC killed Italian senator Roberto Ruffilli, an advisor of Italian PM Ciriaco de Mita. After that, the group activities all but ended after massive arrests of its leadership.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Brigades)

1989        Apr 16, Spain's ambassador to Lebanon (Pedro Manuel de Aristegui) was killed by shellfire that broke out between Christian militiamen and an alliance of Syrian and Muslim gunners.
    (AP, 4/16/99)

1990        Apr 16, The US Supreme Court rejected appeals by Dalton Prejean, a nearly retarded man, who was condemned to die for the 1977 murder of a Louisiana state trooper. Prejean was executed the following month.
    (AP, 4/16/00)
1990        Apr 16, The US Supreme Court let stand a ban on school dances in the Bible Belt town of Purdy, Mo.
    (AP, 4/16/00)
1990        Apr 16, In San Francisco some 950 shops and restaurants in Chinatown shut down in protest over Mayor Art Agnos’ proposal to demolish the embarcadero Freeway.
    (SSFC, 4/12/15, DB p.42)

1991        Apr 16, President Bush announced that US forces would be sent into northern Iraq to assist Kurdish refugees.
    (AP, 4/16/01)
1991        Apr 16, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev began a visit to Japan.
    (AP, 4/16/01)
1991        Apr 16, Sir David Lean, director of the movies “The Bridge on the River Kwai," “Lawrence of Arabia" and “Doctor Zhivago," died in London at age 83.
    (AP, 4/16/01)

1992        Apr 16, The US House ethics committee listed 303 current and former lawmakers who had overdrawn their House bank accounts.
    (AP, 4/16/97)
1992        Apr 16, Neville Brand, actor (Stalag 17), died of emphysema.
    (www.nndb.com/people/246/000088979/)

1993        Apr 16, President Clinton received gay and lesbian activists in the Oval Office for a one-hour meeting.
    (AP, 4/16/98)
1993        Apr 16, At the White House, President Clinton pressed Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa to help ease Japan's persistent trade surplus with the United States.
    (AP, 4/16/98)
1993        Apr 16, A jury reached guilty verdict in the Federal case against cop who beat Rodney King, but the verdict was not read until April 17th.
    (www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/lapd/kingchronology.html)
1993        Apr 16, Bosnian Croats took part in a killing spree in the village of Ahmici and 116 Muslims were massacred and the village set fire. 6 Bosnian Croats went on trial in 1998 in the Hague on charges of war crimes. In 2000 Vladimir Santic, head of the Croat Jokers police unit, was sentenced to 25 years in prison; Drago Josipovic was sentenced to 15 years; Zoran and Mirjan Kupreskic were sentenced to 10 and 8 years, and Vlatko Kupreskic received 6 years. In 2001 the tribunal overturned the convictions, released 3 defendants and reduced the sentences of 2 others. In 2001 an indictment was opened against Pasko Ljubicic, a former Bosnian-Croat military police officer, for war crimes in Ahmici.
    (SFC, 8/19/98, p.C2)(SFC, 1/15/00, p.A11)(SFC, 10/24/01, p.C2)(SFC, 11/1/01, p.C7)
1993        Apr 16, A Bosnian army unit massacred 16 Croatian civilians and at least 4 disarmed soldiers in the village of Trusina.
    (SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trusina_case)
1993        Apr 16, In Israel 20 soldiers and civilians were injured in Hamas's first suicide attack against Israelis. Shahar al-Nabulsi, detonated a car, rigged by bombmaker Yahya Ayyash, between two buses at Mehola Junction. The blast killed al-Nabulsi and a Palestinian who worked in the rest area.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehola_Junction_bombing)

1994        Apr 16, Ralph Ellison (b.1914), author of "Invisible Man" (1952), died in NYC of pancreatic cancer at age 80. His unfinished novel "Juneteenth" was published in 1999. His books also included "Living With Music." In 2002 Lawrence Jackson authored "Ralph Ellison: Emergence of Genius." In 2007 Arnold Rampersad authored “Ralph Ellison."
    (AP, 4/16/99)(WSJ, 6/18/99, p.W13)(WSJ, 6/14/02, p.W11)(SFC, 5/14/07, p.C2)
1994        Apr 16, Bosnian Serbs downed a British Sea Harrier jet near Gorazde; the pilot ejected and was rescued by Bosnian government troops.
    (AP, 4/16/99)
1994        Apr 16-1994 Apr 17, In Rwanda at least 4,500 Tutsi, including women and children, were slaughtered in the Kibuye Stadium. About 12,000 Tutsi were murdered at Kibuye’s church, in the stadium, and in the surrounding countryside.
    (http://tinyurl.com/73bs8)

1995        Apr 16, In his Easter Sunday message, Pope John Paul II sent a message of peace to victims of unrest, including the Palestinians and Kurds.
    (AP, 4/16/00)

1996        Apr 16, President Clinton and his wife, Hillary, arrived in Japan for a three-day visit after a brief stopover in South Korea.
    (AP, 4/16/97)
1996        Apr 16, Oprah Winfrey hosted her evening show and included a segment on mad cow disease. A group of Texas cattle ranchers later sued her for her comments. The case was initially a test of the state’s 1995 "veggie libel" law that protected perishable food products from false and defamatory statements, but was ruled to proceed as a common-law business defamation case. Texas jury selection in the trial of Oprah began Jan 20 and she was acquitted by the jury on Feb 26, 1998.
    (SFC, 1/21/98, p.A3)(www.cnn.com/US/9802/26/oprah.verdict/)
1996        Apr 16, Britain's Prince Andrew and his wife, Sarah, the Duchess of York, announced they were in the process of getting a divorce.
    (AP, 4/16/97)
1996        Apr 16, Guerillas attacked a military convoy in Columbia. They killed 31 soldiers and wounded 18 near the border of Ecuador outside the town of Puerres. The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia, the largest and oldest rebel group (12,000 men) having fought for 34 years, were believed to be responsible.
    (SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-8)
1996        Apr 16, Khmer Rouge guerillas attacked a group of tourists near Kompot, 85 miles southwest of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Reports have it that they killed and wounded a number of people and kidnapped about 20.
    (SFC, 4/17/96, p.A-10)
1996        Apr 16, Moscow said 70 of its soldiers were killed in a rebel ambush in Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 4/19/96, p.A-1)
1996        Apr 16, In Trinidad an American was shot and killed in the Toco area of Port of Spain.
    (SFC, 5/5/96, p.T-9)
1996        Apr 16, Anatoly Onoprienko was arrested in western Ukraine. He later admitted to the murder of some 52 people in a serial killing spree from 1989 to 1996 that first came to attention in 1995. He went on trial in 1998. In 1999 the former sailor was sentenced to death.
    (www.thecrimeweb.com/anatolyonoprienko.html)(WSJ, 11/24/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/2/99, p.A1)

1997        Apr 16, African leaders of 7 nations eased their embargo on Burundi to alleviate local suffering.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.A12)
1997        Apr 16, Police in Israel recommended indicting Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu for breach of trust in an influence-trading scandal. Prosecutors later decided not to pursue charges against Netanyahu, citing a lack of proof.
    (AP, 4/16/98)
1997        Apr 16, In Portugal gunmen burst into the Mea Culpa topless bar in Amarante and set it on fire killing 12 people.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.A12)

1998        Apr 16, Paula Jones announced she would ask an appeals court to reinstate her sexual harassment lawsuit against President Clinton after it was thrown out by a federal judge.
    (AP, 4/16/99)
1998        Apr 16, Tornadoes claimed 11 lives in Arkansas, Tennessee and Kentucky.
    (SFC, 4/17/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/08)
1998        Apr 16, A Russian army convoy was ambushed near the Chechnya border. A general, 2 colonels and 3 soldiers were killed and Chechen militants were blamed.
    (WSJ, 4/17/98, p.A1)

1999        Apr 16, Wayne Gretzky, hockey star of the New York Rangers, announced his retirement.
    (SFC, 4/17/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 16, President Clinton defended NATO airstrikes against Serbian targets during visits to Michigan and Massachusetts, saying U.S. involvement in Kosovo was a moral imperative.
    (AP, 4/16/00)
1999        Apr 16, In Algeria protests broke out in Algiers, Tizi Ouzou and Bejaia over the elections. Abdelmalek Sellal, the Interior Minister, said Bouteflika received over 7.4 million votes, 70% of the 10.5 million votes cast. Sellal said 60% of the eligible voters cast ballots, but others said the turnout was under 25%.
    (SFC, 4/17/99, p.A10)
1999        Apr 16, It was reported that Albanian bandits were victimizing refugees and had robbed border monitors and foreign journalists at gunpoint.
    (SFC, 4/16/99, p.A18)
1999        Apr 16, Thousands of refugees poured out of Kosovo as NATO blasted oil refineries, military barracks and airports around Yugoslavia. At least 5,000 refugees crossed into Macedonia, and 8,000 into Albania. Some 100,000 were believed to be enroute to Macedonia.
    (SFC, 4/17/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 16, NATO troops began to pull out of refugee camps in Macedonia. Management of the camps was turned over to Macedonian NGOs supervised by the UNHCR. Refugees were reported to be in fear of the Macedonian police.
    (SFC, 4/16/99, p.A17)
1999        Apr 16, In Sierra Leone rebel troops fled Songo and killed over 100 men, women and children as the ECOMOG West African and loyalist militia entered the town.
    (SFC, 4/22/99, p.D12)

2000        Apr 16, In Washington DC police blocked some 10,000 protesters from disrupting the meetings of the World Bank and the IMF. Finance ministers and central bankers issued a statement that pledged to seek greater debt relief for the poorest countries and to reform the IMF to prevent future financial crises.
    (SFC, 4/17/00, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/01)
2000        Apr 16, The rest of the winners of the Goldman Environmental Prize were announced: Nat Quansah (46), an ethnobotonist in Madagascar; Oscar Rivas (45) and Elias Diaz (54) of Paraguay for their work in defeating government plans to reconfigure the Paraguay and Parana rivers for shipping at environmental expense; Vera Mischenko (47) for environmental legal work in Russia; Oral Ataniyazova (43), for founding a clinic and fighting pesticide contamination in Karakalpakstan, an autonomous region of Uzbekistan; and Alexander Peal (55), for environmental work and founding a national park in Liberia.
    (SFC, 4/17/00, p.A2)
2000        Apr 16, In the Philippines at least 4 people were killed when gunmen threw a grenade at police near a crowded church following a mall robbery.
    (WSJ, 4/17/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 16, In Portugal 7 people were killed in a stampede at the Luanda nightclub in Lisbon after canisters thought to contain pepper gas were released.
    (SFC, 4/17/00, p.A12)

2001        Apr 16, The Oregonian of Portland won two Pulitzer Prizes, including public service for its examination of widespread abuses by the Immigration and Naturalization Service. In breaking news reporting, The Miami Herald won for its coverage of the pre-dawn raid by federal agents who took custody of Elian Gonzalez; the story also produced the breaking news photography award for Alan Diaz of The Associated Press. Michael Chabon won the Pulitzer Prize for his novel "The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay"; David Auburn won for his play "Proof."
    (SFC, 4/17/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/02)
2001        Apr 16, Lee Bong-ju of South Korea won the 105th Boston Marathon in 2:09:43. Catherine Ndereba of Kenya won the women's race in 2:23:53 for the second consecutive year.
    (WSJ, 4/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/02)
2001        Apr 16, In Afghanistan Mullah Mohammed Rabbani, the 2nd most powerful man of the Taliban militia, died of cancer.
    (SFC, 4/17/01, p.A8)
2001        Apr 16, In Colombia a leftist rebel group seized some 100 contract employees of a US oil firm. All the workers were later released.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A13)(WSJ, 4/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 16, Iran and Saudi Arabia signed a pact to fight terrorism and drug trafficking.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A13)
2001        Apr 16, Israeli warplanes struck deep in Lebanon and attacked a Syrian radar site. 3 Syrians were killed. In the evening Israeli helicopters hit Palestinian positions in Gaza in retaliation for a mortar attack on an Israeli town. Bulldozers were sent to tear up farmland near Beit Hanoun, the suspected source of the mortar fire.
    (SFC, 4/16/01, p.A9)(WSJ, 4/16/01, p.A1)(SFC, 4/17/01, p.A8)
2001        Apr 16, In Russia Gazprom closed down Sevodnya, the independent daily newspaper of Vladimir Gusinsky, as well as his weekly magazine.
    (SFC, 4/17/01, p.a10)

2002        Apr 16, The US Supreme Court ruled as unconstitutional a ban on simulated depictions of child sex. The Court overturned 2 major provisions of the 1996 Child Pornography Prevention Act, saying the government went too far in trying to ban "virtual" child pornography.
    (WSJ, 4/17/02, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/03)
2002        Apr 16, Paul Georges (77), American artist, died in Normandy, France. His work included “Diana and Actaeon" (1987-1988).
    (SFC, 4/30/02, p.A24)
2002        Apr 16, Actor Robert Urich (55) died in Thousand Oaks, Calif.
    (AP, 4/16/03)
2002        Apr 16, The Dutch government resigned in response to a damning report on the 1995 slaying of over 7,000 Bosnian Muslims in Srebrenica, who were under the ostensible protection of Dutch troops.
    (SFC, 4/17/02, p.A8)
2002        Apr 16, In Italy millions of workers staged the biggest strike in decades to protest government plans to make it easier to fire workers.
    (SFC, 4/17/02, p.A8)

2003        Apr 16, During a visit to a fighter jet factory in St. Louis, President Bush called for lifting economic sanctions against Iraq as commanders of both the U.S. military and the reconstruction effort prepared to move into the country.
    (AP, 4/16/04)
2003        Apr 16, The Bush administration lowered the terror alert level from orange to yellow.
    (SFC, 4/17/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 16, Michael Jordan played his last NBA game with the Washington Wizards, who lost to the Philadelphia 76ers, 107-87.
    (AP, 4/16/04)
2003        Apr 16, In the 29th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom Shooting in Mosul killed three people and wounded at least 11 and some Iraqis blamed US troops. War casualties totaled 121 US soldiers with 16 from friendly fire; 31 British troops with at least 4 from friendly fire; at least 3,160 Iraqi soldiers dead along with over 1,250 Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 4/16/03)(WSJ, 4/16/03, p.A8)
2003        Apr 16, Colorado Republican Gov. Bill Owens signed a law that established the 1st state school voucher program.
    (SFC, 4/17/03, p.A10)
2003        Apr 16, NATO agreed to take command of the UN peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan. The NATO stabilization force soon started in Kabul and then spread across the country.
    (AP, 4/16/03)(Econ, 3/28/09, p.69)
2003        Apr 16, In Afghanistan Romanian troops found a large stash of weapons. Two caves there were stuffed with thousands of rockets and more than 1.25 million rounds of ammunition.
    (AP, 4/18/03)
2003        Apr 16, In Jahangir, Brazil, 4 young men were killed by police in the Borel shantytown on Rio's poor north side. The community was unanimous that they were not gang members and had no involvement in crime. More than 800 civilians died from police bullets in Rio during the first eight months of this year. In 2006 Capt. Marcos Duarte Ramalho was the third police officer to stand trial and the first to be convicted in connection with the killings. Two more officers awaited trial for the killings.
    (AP, 11/10/03)(AP, 10/20/06)
2003        Apr 16, US, Chinese and North Korean officials announced talks in Beijing to try to resolve standoff over North's nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2003        Apr 16, Leaders of 25 European nations gathered in Athens to sign treaties sweeping away the 20th century's Iron Curtain divide. The 10 new EU members will formally join May 1, 2004 following ratification of treaties.
    (AP, 4/16/03)
2003        Apr 16, SARS deaths totaled some 154 with at least 3,412 affected in 22 countries. A World Health Organization team disclosed that there were unreported cases of the SARS virus in Beijing's military hospitals and that investigators have been barred from releasing details.
    (SFC, 4/16/03, p.A3)(AP, 4/17/03)
2003        Apr 16, Greek Cypriots signed a treaty to join the European Union.
    (SSFC, 4/27/03, A6)
2003        Apr 16, Scientists announced that the US military sprayed roughly 1.8 million more gallons of dioxin-containing herbicides like Agent Orange in Vietnam (1961-1971) then had been previously estimated. 3,181 villages were sprayed directly with herbicides. "At least 2.1 million but perhaps as many as 4.8 million people would have been present during the spraying."
    (Reuters, 4/17/03)

2004        Apr 16, Pres. Bush said he is handing over the lead role in the Iraqi political transition to the UN's top envoy. Pres. Bush and British PM Tony Blair, meeting in Washington, endorsed giving the UN broad control over Iraq's political future.
    (SFC, 4/17/04, p.A1)(AP, 4/16/05)
2004        Apr 16, On Nov 22, 2005, London’s Daily Mirror reported that Pres. Bush spoke of targeting Al-Jazeera's headquarters in Doha, Qatar, when he met PM Blair at the White House on April 16, 2004. A civil servant was charged under Britain's Official Secrets Act for allegedly leaking a government memo that described the meeting.
    (AP, 11/22/05)   
2004        Apr 16, Videotape broadcast on the Arab TV station Al-Jazeera showed Army Pvt. 1st Class Keith M. Maupin, abducted during an attack on a fuel truck convoy near Baghdad a week earlier. Arab television reported June 29, 2004, that Maupin had been killed; he is listed as missing by the U.S. military.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2004        Apr 16, California lawmakers passed legislation aimed at reforming the nation's most expensive workers' compensation program, a move that businesses applauded but critics derided as a sellout to insurance companies.
    (AP, 4/17/04)
2004        Apr 16, After analyzing 730 confirmed cases of gout from among a group of 47,000 men over 12 years, London researchers demonstrated that drinkers are more likely to get gout, and that beer is worse and wine is best. Gout is caused by deposits of crystals of a chemical called uric acid in joints. Alcohol consumption leads to "hyperuricaemia" -- when the body produces too much uric acid.
    (Reuters, 4/16/04)
2004        Apr 16, In Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels fired rockets and machine-guns at a checkpoint in a remote southwestern region, killing 8 Afghan soldiers in a nighttime attack.
    (AP, 4/18/04)
2004        Apr 16, In Recife, Brazil, thousands of militant farmers converged to press the government for speedier land reform.
    (AP, 4/16/04)
2004        Apr 16, Abu Walid, Saudi-born rebel commander also known as Abdul Aziz al-Ghamdi, was killed by Russian government forces in Chechnya.
    (AP, 4/19/04)
2004        Apr 16, Yu Zhendong, a fugitive Chinese banker accused of helping embezzle $485 million from his state-owned bank, was returned to China by U.S. authorities.
    (AP, 4/16/04)
2004        Apr 16, A Chinese newspaper reported that China over the last few months had arrested nearly a dozen military officers — including at least four generals — on charges of spying for rival Taiwan.
    (AP, 4/16/04)
2004        Apr 16, In Chongqing, China, leaking chlorine gas exploded at a chemical plant, killing at least 7 people and forcing 150,000 to flee their homes.
    (AP, 4/17/04)(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 16, In Iraq U.S. military and civilian officials met with leaders from Fallujah, the first known direct negotiations between Americans and city representatives since the siege of Fallujah began April 5.
    (AP, 4/16/04)
2004        Apr 16, Two Iraqi civilians were killed and four wounded when 122 mm rockets fired by insurgents fell short of a military camp and hit a civilian area.
    (AP, 4/18/04)
2004        Apr 16, In Italy Premier Silvio Berlusconi's corruption trial resumed in Milan.
    (AP, 4/16/04)
2004        Apr 16, In Ivory Coast journalist Guy-Andre Kieffer (b.1949), a dual citizen of France and Canada, was kidnapped. He was working in the commercial capital, Abidjan, as an independent journalist, writing articles about corruption.
    (AP, 1/7/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy-Andr%C3%A9_Kieffer)
2004        Apr 16, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, Spain's young and largely untested Socialist leader, won parliamentary Friday as prime minister.
    (AP, 4/16/04)

2005        Apr 16, Authorities in Hillsborough County, Fla., found the body of missing 13-year-old Sarah Michelle Lunde. A suspect, David Lee Onstott, was later charged with her murder.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2005        Apr 16, It was reported that Laszlo Kish and Maria King of Texas A&M had devised a new technique for identifying small quantities of bacteria in minutes using a combination of virology and microelectronics.
    (Econ, 4/16/05, p.70)
2005        Apr 16, A Bangladesh court sentenced 22 people to death and six others to life in jail for killing an opposition lawmaker on May 7, 2004. 18 of the accused were tried and sentenced in absentia.
    (Reuters, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, The Brazilian government created "Raposa Serra do Sol" reserve in Roraima state, which borders Venezuela and Guyana. The 1.7-million-hectare (4.2-million-acre) reserve was set aside for the 15,000 people of the Macuxi, Taurepang, Wapixana and Ingariko indigenous populations that had demanded the territory for 30 years.
    (AFP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 16, Actress Kay Walsh died in London at age 90.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2005        Apr 16, Protesters in Shanghai threw stones and broke windows at Japan's consulate and Japanese restaurants as tens of thousands of people defied government warnings and staged demonstrations against Tokyo's bid for a permanent UN Security Council seat.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Ecuador’s Pres. Lucio Gutierrez revoked the one-day-old state of emergency as thousands of people took to Quito's streets in defiance of the ban on demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 16, A Finnish mediator said Aceh rebels and Indonesian government delegates have made a "breakthrough" at peace talks on the tsunami-ravaged province, and will continue negotiations in Finland May 26-31.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Indian troops shot dead 7 Muslim rebels, including 2 commanders of Kashmir's main rebel group as Pakistani Pres. Pervez Musharraf visited India for the first time in 4 years.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Bombings around Iraq killed 24 people. 11 detainees upset about their treatment by US captors escaped from the military's largest detention center in Iraq by climbing through a hole in the fence. Armed militants tried to force their way into Camp Blue Diamond near Ramadi and some suffered casualties.
    (AP, 4/16/05)(AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 16, Marla Ruzicka (28), California-based founder of CIVIC (Campaign for Innocent Victims of Conflict), died in a car bombing in Iraq, where she had been on and off since the March 2003 invasion began, conducting door-to-door surveys to determine the number of civilian casualties.
    (AP, 4/18/05)(SFC, 4/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 16, Lebanon's president Emile Lahoud named moderate pro-Syrian lawmaker Najib Mikati (49) as prime minister.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Pakistan's Pres. Gen. Pervez Musharraf arrived in India to discuss the Kashmir dispute in an effort to ease five decades of hostility.
    (AP, 4/16/05)
2005        Apr 16, Pakistani authorities seized nearly two tons of morphine worth millions of dollars from a remote southwestern village near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 16, Caribbean leaders in Trinidad inaugurated a court that will serve as the highest judicial body for much of the region, a step toward shedding their 170-year-old dependence on Britain's Privy Council that many have resented as a vestige of colonialism.
    (AP, 4/16/05)(Econ, 4/16/05, p.34)
2005        Apr 16, Cardinals meeting at the Vatican destroyed the late Pope John Paul II's ring and lead seal to formally end his reign.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2005        Apr 16, Yemen's PM Bajammal said underground religious schools that promote extremist forms of Islam are drawing in many young students across the country. He promised to eliminate the underground schools, which he estimated numbered about 4,000 and drew about 330,000 students.
    (AP, 4/16/05)

2006        Apr 16, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts (KKR), an American private equity firm, announced that it was buying 85% of Flextronics Software Systems (FSS) for $600 million in cash and $250 million in interest due in 8 years.
    (Econ, 4/22/06, p.62)
2006        Apr 16, Stephen Marshall, a Canadian man suspected of murdering two registered sex offenders in their Maine homes, took his own life with a gun on a crowded bus in Boston.
    (Reuters, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 16, Canada confirmed a new case of mad cow disease. Canadian cattle ranchers were still recovering from a two-year ban on their beef in the US.
    (AP, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 16, Chad's Pres. Deby promised the UN that refugees from Sudan's Darfur region will not be forcibly returned.
    (AP, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 16, In Egypt police fired live ammunition into the air and lobbed tear gas into rioting crowds of Christians and Muslims in a third day of sectarian violence in Alexandria. Egyptian police detained 43 university students on suspicion of membership in the banned Muslim Brotherhood, the country's largest Islamic fundamentalist group.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2006        Apr 16, A 37-year-old Ethiopian-born German man suffered life-threatening head and brain injuries in a beating at a tram stop in Potsdam. On April 19 a 15-strong Nigerian delegation was to check into Potsdam's Voltaire Hotel and stay for a week, but pulled out after hearing about the weekend attack.
    (AP, 4/20/06)
2006        Apr 16, In northern Greece a passenger train crashed into a truck at a crossing and derailed, killing four people and injuring at least 40.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2006        Apr 16, In India heavily armed Maoist rebels (Naxalites) killed 10 police officers in an attack in eastern Chhattisgarh state. The Maoists, who have bases in 11 of India's 29 states, say they are fighting to restore the rights of neglected tribes and landless farmers.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2006        Apr 16, State-run television reported that Iran will give the financially strapped Palestinian Authority $50 million in aid.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2006        Apr 16, In Iraq 6 people were killed during a raid as American troops hunted down an al-Qaida suspect at a safehouse south of Baghdad. In Baghdad, a bomb hidden in a shopping bag on a minibus killed 4 passengers. A car bombing near a market in the town of Mahmudiyah, 30 kilometers (20 miles) south of Baghdad left 10 dead and 25 wounded.
    (AFP, 4/16/06)
2006        Apr 16, The Rev. Cesar Torres (42) killed Veronica Andrade Salinas (22), who was pregnant, at his parish on Mexico City's eastern outskirts. He used a kitchen knife to cut off her head and hack her body to pieces, which he packed the pieces into plastic bags and dumped near a cemetery in Chimalhuacan. The couple had an 18-month-old daughter. Torres admitted to the murder on April 19.
    (AP, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 16, Nepal's sidelined political parties called for a massive pro-democracy protest in the capital on April 20 and urged citizens to stop paying taxes and utility bills to help bring down the royal government.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2006        Apr 16, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, president of the Philippines, said in an Easter announcement that she would commute the death sentences of some 1,200 convicts, including about a dozen al-Qaida-linked militants.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2006        Apr 16, Suspected pro-Taliban militants beheaded two tribesmen in a remote part of Pakistan for allegedly working for US forces across the border in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 16, In Spain a bus carrying Boy Scouts overturned on a northern highway, killing at least four people, including three minors.
    (AP, 4/16/06)
2006        Apr 16, In his first Easter message as pontiff, Pope Benedict XVI urged nations to use diplomacy to defuse nuclear crises and prayed that Palestinians would one day have their own state alongside Israel.
    (AP, 4/16/07)

2007        Apr 16, Carrie Underwood's dark hit "Before He Cheats" won video of the year, female video and best video director at the fan-voted CMT Music Awards.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2007        Apr 16, Shootings in a dorm and classroom at Virginia Tech left 32 people dead. Two people died in a dorm room, and 31 others were killed in Norris Hall, including the gunman, who put a bullet in his head. At least 15 people were hurt, some seriously. Two professors from India and Israel were among the dead at the Virginia Tech shooting, the deadliest in US history. The gunman was a South Korean national named Seung-Hui Cho (23). Cho was an undergraduate student in his senior year majoring in English who lived on campus. His residence was in Centerville, Virginia, and he had resident alien status. Between shootings Seung-Hui took time to e-mail videos, photos and writings to NBC. Virginia law allowed Cho to buy one gun each month. In 2009 Lucinda Roy, head of English at Virginia Tech, authored “No Right To Remain Silent: The Tragedy at Virginia Tech."
    (AP, 4/16/07)(AP, 4/17/07)(AFP, 4/17/07)(WSJ, 4/19/07, p.A1)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.27)(Econ, 4/11/09, p.32)
2007        Apr 16, The board overseeing operations at the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport ruled that taxi drivers who refuse service to travelers carrying alcohol face tougher penalties despite protests from Muslim cabbies who sought a compromise for religious reasons.
    (Reuters, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, Robert Cheruiyot of Kenya won his 3rd Boston Marathon in 2:14:13. Russia’s Lidiya Grigoryeva won in 2:29:18.
    (WSJ, 4/17/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 16, A consortium of financial companies agreed to acquire Sallie Mae, America’s leading provider of student loans and administrator of college savings plans, for $25 billion. In a recent settlement Sallie Mae agree to adopt a code of conduct and to pay $2 million into a fund to educate students about loans.
    (SFC, 4/17/07, p.B1)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.86)
2007        Apr 16, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber ran onto a police training field in Kunduz and blew himself up, killing up to 10 policemen and wounding dozens of others.
    (AP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, Hassan Hattab, the founder of the group that claimed responsibility for last week's deadly Algiers bombings, called on militants to put down their weapons under a government amnesty and stop trying to turn Algeria into a "second Iraq." Hattab made the comments in a published letter to President Abdelaziz Bouteflika.
    (Reuters, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, Indians from across Brazil pitched black plastic tents in front of government buildings to demand that officials discuss with them infrastructure projects they claim could have a negative impact on their ancestral lands.
    (AP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, Thousands of BBC staff across Britain held a silent vigil to remember its kidnapped Gaza correspondent Alan Johnston after a Palestinian group said it had killed him. Johnston was snatched at gunpoint on March 12 as he returned to his Gaza City home. Johnston was not killed and was freed on July 4.
    (AFP, 4/16/07)(AP, 7/5/07)
2007        Apr 16, Scientists reported that Britain once had around 25 native species of bumblebee, but three of those have been wiped out in the past 50 years and 10 more are now severely threatened.
    (Reuters, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, In southwest China about 450 people, including 135 school students, were hospitalized after a fertilizer plant discharged a "huge amount" of sulfur dioxide. A state-run newspaper said China's massive Yangtze river, a lifeline for tens of millions of people, is seriously polluted and the damage is almost irreversible.
    (AP, 4/16/07)(AFP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 16, A top rebel leader of Colombia's second-largest guerrilla group (ELN) said the group is ready to "immediately" begin talks to reach a cease-fire with the country's government.
    (AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 16, Most of Cuba's leading opposition groups issued a joint statement declaring they were united in their struggle for peaceful change toward democracy on the island.
    (AP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, The staff of an Indian news channel in Mumbai was attacked and its offices ransacked by dozens of Hindu protestors after it broadcast an interview with a runaway couple, a teenage Hindu girl and a young Muslim man. In southern India a passenger train crashed into a minibus carrying local council officials at an unmanned rail crossing, killing 11 people and injuring another 12 in the vehicle.
    (AP, 4/16/07)(Reuters, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, In Iran 2 Swedish construction workers, who had been convicted of espionage and imprisoned for taking photographs of military installations, were released after being pardoned.
    (AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 16, Six Iraqi cabinet ministers loyal to the radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr resigned to protest the prime minister's refusal to set a timetable for an American withdrawal. In Mosul a university dean, a professor, a policeman's son and 13 soldiers died near there in attacks that bore the marks of al-Qaida. In Ramadi US forces mistakenly killed three Iraqi police officers during a raid targeting al-Qaida in Iraq members. Thousands of Iraqis upset about poor city services marched peacefully through the streets of Basra, demanding the provincial governor's resignation. Nationwide, at least 51 people were killed or found dead. 3 US soldiers and two Marines were killed. One Marine died in a "non-hostile incident" while on patrol in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/16/07)(AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 16, Four Iraqi men were blindfolded, shot in the head and dumped in a Baghdad canal. In 2008 the US Army charged 7 soldiers assigned to 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment, for their role in the alleged retribution killings. In August the Army held Article 32 hearings investigating the involvement of Staff Sgt. Jess Cunningham and Sgt. Charles Quigley in the incident. They have been charged with conspiracy to commit murder. In September, 2008, Spc. Belmor Ramos (23), of Clearfield, Utah, pleaded guilty to conspiracy to murder and was sentenced to seven months in prison and given a dishonorable discharge. Spc. Steven Ribordy (25) of Salina, Kansas, pleaded guilty on Oct 1, 2008, to charges of accessory to murder and was sentenced to eight months in prison. In 2008 Sgt. Michael P. Leahy Jr. (26) was court-martialed on charges of murder in the killings. Two remaining soldiers said to be involved in the incident, Sgt. John E. Hatley (40) and Sgt. 1st Class Joseph P. Mayo (27) faced charges of murder, conspiracy to commit murder and obstruction of justice. On Feb 20, 2009, Leahy was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison. In March 2009 Sgt. Mayo pleaded guilty to charges of premeditated murder and conspiracy and was sentenced to 35 years in prison. On April 15, 2009, John Hatley was convicted of murder. He was sentenced the next day to life in prison with the possibility of parole. In August the army reduced Hatley’s sentence to 40 years; the sentences against Leahy and Mayo were reduced to 20 years.
    (AP, 9/17/08)(AP, 9/18/08)(AP, 10/2/08)(AP, 11/12/08)(AP, 1/13/09)(AP, 2/20/09)(AP, 3/30/09)(AP, 4/16/09)(AP, 8/14/09)
2007        Apr 16, Five young Japanese were found dead inside a sealed van in an apparent group suicide.
    (AP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, A quarter of the 1.5 million women in Mauritania a barren, dune-enveloped country more than twice the size of Texas, are obese, according to the World Health Organization. That's lower than the 40 percent of American women who the WHO says are obese, but surprisingly high in a country that has not a single fast-food franchise. Obesity is popular across much of the Arab world. Nomadic peoples struggling to survive the harsh desert came to prize fatness as a sign of health.
    (AP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, Police found 17 bodies stuffed in cars or dumped on streets in garbage bags across Mexico in the latest wave of violence apparently triggered by warring drug gangs.
    (AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 16, Nepal's Maoists demanded that the country immediately scrap the monarchy and declare itself a republic amid probable delays in an election over the issue.
    (AFP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, Nicaraguan police announced the arrest of more than two dozen local members of Mexico's powerful Sinaloa drug cartel but said they were still seeking the group's leader.
    (AP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, Nigeria's Supreme Court ruled that the country's electoral commission unlawfully disqualified a top opposition politician once allied with the president from running to replace his former mentor.
    (AP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, A World Bank study said that Palestinian industry is "bound to fail" unless Israel lifts tight restrictions on trade and movement of people and goods in the Palestinian territories. , The Palestinian information minister said China and Switzerland said they will deal with the new Palestinian unity government made up of the moderate Fatah movement and the Islamic militant Hamas group.
    (AP, 4/16/07)
2007        Apr 16, Foreign Minister Lam Akol said Sudan will accept UN attack helicopters in its Darfur region as part of a support package for the African Union force struggling to maintain peace in its vast west. US Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte said the janjaweed militia, accused of widespread atrocities in Darfur, is actively supported by the Sudanese government.
    (Reuters, 4/16/07)

2008        Apr 16, The US government reported plans to begin collecting DNA samples from anyone arrested by a federal law enforcement agency, a move intended to prevent violent crime but which also is raising concerns about the privacy of innocent people.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, The US Supreme Court ruled that the combination of drugs used in the death chambers of most states does not create a substantial risk of sever pain and therefore is constitutional.
    (SFC, 4/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 16, Computer consultant John Schiefer (26) pleaded guilty in Los Angeles to raiding hundreds of thousands of computers with spyware to steal users' identities and commit fraud.
    (AFP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 16, In Colorado firefighters hoped rain and snow would help them stop wildfires that blazed through thousands of acres of grass, forced hundreds of residents to evacuate and left three people dead.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, In Oklahoma Custer County Sheriff Mike Burgess (56) resigned just as state prosecutors filed 35 felony charges against him, including 14 counts of second-degree rape, seven counts of forcible oral sodomy and five counts of bribery by a public official. On March 24, 2009, Burgess was sentenced to 79 years in prison for forcing drug defendants to have sex with him.  
    (AP, 4/18/08)(SFC, 3/25/09, p.A7)
2008        Apr 16, Edward Lorenz (90), the father of chaos theory, died of cancer. He showed how small actions could lead to major changes in what became known as the "butterfly effect."
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, In southern Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers were killed and two others were wounded in an explosion.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown, on the first of a 3-day visit to the US, met with bankers to discuss solutions to the credit crisis.
    (WSJ, 4/17/08, p.A12)
2008        Apr 16, In Cambodia an attacker hurled a hand grenade into a crowd of people dancing at a Buddhist temple to celebrate the traditional New Year, killing one villager and wounding 25.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 16, China’s state media reported that over the last 2 days police in northeastern Gansu province have found guns, dynamite, bullets and satellite receivers hidden in 11 Tibetan Buddhist monasteries.
    (Reuters, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, The euro struck an all-time peak of 1.5969 dollars as eurozone inflation spiked to a record high.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, A security official said Egypt's ruling party has won 92 percent of the votes in April 8 municipal elections boycotted by the main opposition group the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, A military plane belonging to Equatorial Guinea crashed off its coast with at least 13 people on board. There are no survivors.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 16, Mount Egon volcano on Flores island in eastern Indonesia spewed ash and smoke 2 1/2 miles into the sky, forcing the evacuation of hundreds of nearby villagers.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, In western India at least 44 people, nearly all children heading to school for final exams, drowned when their bus plunged off a bridge into a canal in Bodeli, Gujarat state.
    (AFP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, The Iraqi government said 33,121 detainees have been released since a general amnesty went into effect in February. The US military released Associated Press photographer Bilal Hussein after holding him for more than two years without filing formal charges. An unmanned US drone fired two Hellfire missiles at militants attacking Iraqi soldiers in a Shiite militia stronghold in Basra, killing four of the gunmen. In Baghdad, clashes between US-backed Iraqi troops and Shiite militiamen in the Sadr City district killed two men and wounded 18 others. A mortar shell slammed into a house in eastern Baghdad, killing at least three civilians and wounding three others. Gunmen opened fire on a minibus near Muqdadiyah, killing two women and wounding three men.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi hailed Russian President Vladimir Putin's official visit as "historic and strategic" during a state dinner at the Bab Azizia palace.
    (AFP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 16, The Malaysian government shut down the Tamil-language Makkal Osai, or People's Voice, a newspaper catering to ethnic minority Indians. The next day the daily's news editor slammed the move as punishment for its critical coverage of social and political issues.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 16, Palestinian militants ambushed an Israeli ground force in northern Gaza, killing three soldiers. The army responded with an airstrike and identified hitting militants in the Bureij area. Fadel Shana (23) a cameraman with the Reuters news agency, was struck, along with two bystanders, as he filmed Israeli tank movements in the distance during the bloodiest day in Gaza in more than a month. He had been in the area to film the aftermath of a deadly Israeli airstrike that killed 12 Palestinians, including five children aged 12-15. Israeli airstrikes left at least 19 Palestinians dead.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(SFC, 4/17/08, p.A9)
2008        Apr 16, In Pakistan runners carried the Olympic flame around the outside of a sports stadium, an invitation-only event in front of an elite, sparse crowd with heavy security to deter any anti-China protesters or terrorist attacks.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, South Korea dispatched 200 soldiers to chicken farms to slaughter poultry infected with bird flu, as the government confirmed another outbreak of the disease.
    (AP, 4/16/08)
2008        Apr 16, Turkish warplanes hit a group of Kurdish rebels reportedly trying to infiltrate Turkey from the Avasin-Basyan region of northern Iraq. A clash between Turkish troops and Kurdish rebels near Turkey's southeastern border with Iraq left a Turkish soldier dead.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 16, President Mugabe's security forces clamped down hard on unrest during a general strike, arresting dozens of opposition supporters before the stoppage fizzled out. A coalition of Zimbabwean doctors said its members had seen and treated more than 150 patients who had been beaten and tortured since the elections at the end of March. A court acquitted an American and a British reporter who had been charged with covering Zimbabwe's March 29 election without official accreditation.
    (AFP, 4/16/08)(AP, 4/16/08)

2009        Apr 16, President Barack Obama announced his decision not to prosecute CIA operatives who used interrogation practices described by many as torture. He condemned the aggressive techniques, including waterboarding, shackling and stripping, used on terror suspects while promising not to legally pursue the perpetrators.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 16, Pres. Obama committed at least $13 billion to launch a new era of high speed passenger rail transportation.
    (WSJ, 4/17/09, p.A5)
2009        Apr 16, It was reported that during the past few weeks, at least nine universities have received gifts totaling more than $45 million, and the schools had to promise not to try to find out the giver's identity.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 16, PEMGroup with assets of $4 billion said its board had appointed a special committee to look into allegations of a Ponzi scheme by money manager Danny Pang, who temporarily stepped aside while visiting Taiwan. The SEC soon filed a civil lawsuit against Pang and froze the assets of his firm, Private Equity Management Group Inc.
    (WSJ, 4/17/09, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/28/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 16, Rosetta Stone, an American language instruction company, went public. It sold 6,250,000 shares at IPO price of $18. The stock traded as high as $26.27 before closing at $25.12.
    (Econ, 1/5/13, p.52)
2009        Apr 16, In Sacramento, Ca., a tent city of some 150 homeless people was closed. It had been around for close to a decade on a strip of land between the American River and a power company.
    (Econ, 4/25/09, p.39)(http://obrag.org/?p=6660)
2009        Apr 16, In California pharmacy worker Mario Ramirez (50) showed up at the Long Beach Memorial Medical Center and shot Hugo Bustamante (46) and Kelly Hales (56) before turning the gun on himself and pulling the trigger.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 16, General Growth Properties Inc, the second largest US mall owner, filed for bankruptcy protection in one of the biggest real estate failures in US history.
    (Reuters, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, Drug makers GlaxoSmithKline PLC and Pfizer Inc. said they plan to create a new company to invest in the research and development of HIV treatments.
    (AP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, In Middletown, Maryland, Christopher Alan Wood (34) killed his wife (33) and 3 children, then himself, in their home, leaving a gruesome scene that authorities said was found by the children's' grandfather on April 18.
    (AP, 4/19/09)
2009        Apr 16, In Afghan a policeman was killed and one wounded in Helmand province. 3 "terrorists" were killed while the bomb they were planting on a road in the Nad Ali district of Helmand went off prematurely. Taliban militants attacked an Afghan counternarcotics police convoy in the Shindand district of western Herat province, sparking a battle which left one policeman dead and two wounded.
    (AFP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, Five people were killed and dozens wounded when a blast tore apart a boat carrying more than 40 Afghan refugees off Australia's northwest coast. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation later said it was told the refugees had doused the boat in petrol to try to force the navy to land them in Australia and not turn them back to Indonesia, but that the blast was an accident. On Oct 28 two Indonesian fishermen were jailed for five years for smuggling the boat full of Afghan refugees.
    (AFP, 4/20/09)(AFP, 10/28/09)
2009        Apr 16, The British government promised a multimillion pound investment to try to jumpstart the market for environmentally friendly electric cars.
    (SFC, 4/17/09, p.A2)
2009        Apr 16, Ethiopian opposition protesters staged a rare demonstration in Addis Ababa, demanding the release of an official jailed for life in January.
    (AFP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, French fishermen allowed traffic to resume to three English Channel ports after receiving a government promise of euro4 million ($5.27 million) in aid, but they vowed to keep up their fight against European fishing quotas.
    (AP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, Indians voted in their tens of millions as the world's largest democracy kicked off month-long, five-stage elections, with little hope of a clear winner emerging at the end of it all. Attacks at 14 polling stations left 17 people dead in eastern and central India.
    (AFP, 4/16/09)(SFC, 4/17/09, p.A3)
2009        Apr 16, Indonesia's top court cleared Time Magazine of charges it had defamed former dictator Suharto in a cover story that alleged his family amassed billions of dollars during his decades-long rule.
    (AP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, In Iraq a suicide bomber dressed in an army uniform detonated an explosives belt among Iraqi soldiers lined up for lunch at a base in Habbaniyah, killing at least 16 and wounding 50. Officials later maintained no one died but the attacker. An American Marine died as a result of a noncombat related incident in western Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/16/09)(AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 16, Japan promised to pledge up to $1 billion in aid for cash-strapped Pakistan at a donors conference as allies pressed the country for commitments to fight an Islamist insurgency and implement economic reforms.
    (Reuters, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, Hotel service in Monaco was limited and casino roulette wheels were expected to stop spinning as employees in the wealthy Mediterranean principality went on strike to protest job cuts.
    (AP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, In northern Nigeria a Canadian woman was seized in the city of Kaduna where she had been attending an international conference. Julie Mulligan (45) was freed unharmed in the northern city of Kaduna on April 29.
    (AP, 4/18/09)(Reuters, 4/30/09)
2009        Apr 16, UN nuclear inspectors left North Korea after the hardline communist state ordered them out and announced plans to restart production of weapons-grade plutonium.
    (AFP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, In Pakistan Maulana Abdul Azi, the deposed chief cleric of Islamabad's radical Red Mosque, was freed on bail, nearly two years after he was captured during a bloody siege. An international human rights group urged Pakistan to reverse its decision to enforce Islamic law in a northwestern valley in a peace pact with the Taliban, saying the deal threatens women and takes the region back to the "Dark Ages."
    (AFP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, Russia ordered an end to its counterterrorism operation in Chechnya, a move that could lead to the withdrawal of tens of thousands of troops from the southern republic battered by two separatist wars in the past 15 years.
    (AP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, Sri Lankan troops backed by helicopter gunships attacked Tamil Tiger defenses in the northeast, a rebel-allied Web site reported, as international pressure grew for a new cease-fire to allow civilians to escape the fighting.
    (AP, 4/16/09)
2009        Apr 16, In Sudan US Senator John Kerry said after talks with senior officials that Khartoum would allow some foreign aid to be restored in its western Darfur region but that it was not sufficient.
    (Reuters, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 16, Thailand’s former PM Thaksin was reported to have received a Nicaraguan passport.
    (WSJ, 4/16/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 16, Turkey’s central bank cut is interest rate to 9.75% from 10.5% in a bid to combat a record surge in unemployment.
    (WSJ, 4/17/09, p.A8)

2010        Apr 16, The US government accused Wall Street's most powerful firm of fraud, saying Goldman Sachs & Co. sold mortgage investments without telling the buyers that the securities were crafted with input from a client who was betting on them to fail. Lloyd Blankfein, chairman of Goldman Sachs & Co., called this day: “One of the worst of my professional life." Fabrice Tourre, a charged employee, denied misleading investors. Tourre had helped Paulson & Co., a hedge fund, create a complex security named Abacus out of mortgage-backed bonds in order the fund to profit from an anticipated collapse in the housing market.
    (AP, 4/17/10)(Econ, 5/1/10, p.77)(Econ, 7/20/13, p.62)
2010        Apr 16, US federal prosecutors in North Carolina charged Gary Jackson, the former president of Blackwater Worldwide, and 4 other senior company officials with weapons violations and making false statements. A 15 count indictment charged that they tried to hide purchases of weapons and trying to hide gifts of expensive weapons to Jordanian officials as the company tried to win contracts.
    (SFC, 4/17/10, p.A5)
2010        Apr 16, US banking regulators shut down 8 banks, including 2 in northern California, 3 in Florida, one in Washington state, one in Massachusetts, and one in Michigan, bringing the total this year to 50. In 2009 140 banks failed in the US compared to 25 in 2008 and 3 in 2007.
    (SFC, 4/19/10, p.D3)
2010        Apr 16, Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer signed into law a bill making Arizona the third state allowing people to carry a concealed weapon without requiring a permit.
    (AP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, In Oakland, Ca., Tian Sheng Yu (59) was beaten to death on the 1800 block of Telegraph Ave., after he confronted 2 teenagers for punching his son (27). Suspect Lavonte Drummer (18) turned himself in on April 19 and suspect Dominic Davis (18) was arrested the same afternoon. Yu died from his injuries on April 20. On March 27, 2012, both men pleaded guilty to voluntary manslaughter.
    (SFC, 4/21/10, p.A1)(SFC, 3/28/12, p.C5)
2010        Apr 16, Daryl Gates (83), the blunt former Los Angeles police chief best known for his handling of the Rodney King beating and 1992 race riots, died.
    (Reuters, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, Renowned management thinker Coimbatore Krishnarao Prahalad (b.1941), aka C.K., died in San Diego. His books included “Competing for the Future" (1996), which was co-written with his former pupil, Gary Hamel and “The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through Profits" (2004).
    (Econ, 4/24/10, p.69)
2010        Apr 16, Argentina offered to swap defaulted bonds at a third of their nominal value in a bid to regain access to financial markets after defaulting on them in 2001. The proposed restructuring involves 20 billion dollars in debt and nine billion dollars in interest accumulated since 2005 and should be completed within 40 days.
    (AFP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, Brazil arrested Nestor Caro Chapparro, said to be one of Colombia's top four drug traffickers. The US Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency has accused Chapparro of smuggling more than 5,000 kg of cocaine from Brazil to the US in the late 1990s.
    (AP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, A judge in the capital of Brasilia reversed a decision to suspend contract bidding scheduled for next week and also overturned the suspension of the environmental license for the 11,000-megawatt Belo Monte dam.
    (AP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, Officials in the Central African Republic said armed attackers have shot dead a soldier escorting electoral commission staff.
    (AFP, 4/17/10)
2010        Apr 16, A Chinese court jailed three people who posted material on the Internet to help an illiterate woman pressure authorities to reinvestigate her daughter's death, in a trial that attracted scores of supporters.
    (AP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, Volcanic ash blanketed parts of rural Iceland and left a widening arc of grounded aircraft across Europe, as thousands of planes stayed on the tarmac to avoid the hazardous cloud. Travel chaos engulfed major European cities and the UN warned of possible health risks from falling ash.
    (AP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, A German court convicted ultraconservative British Bishop Richard Williamson of incitement for denying the Holocaust in a television interview. The court ordered the Roman Catholic bishop to pay a fine of euro10,000 ($13,544).
    (AP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, In eastern Haiti 4 soldiers died in the fiery crash of a Spanish military helicopter in the rugged mountains of the Fond Verrettes area.
    (AP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, India banned some phone users in insurgency-hit Kashmir from sending SMS text messages, causing anger on the streets and provoking the wrath of the volatile region's chief minister. Kashmir chief minister Omar Abdullah termed the ban "harassment."
    (AFP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, Renault announced that it has pulled out of a joint venture with Indian car manufacturer Mahindra and Mahindra, which produced its first car for the growing South Asian market, the Logan.
    (AFP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, In Iran cleric Hojatoleslam Kazem Sedighi, the acting prayer leader of Tehran, said women who wear immodest clothing and behave promiscuously are to blame for earthquakes.
    (SFC, 4/20/10, p.A4)
2010        Apr 16, Israeli troops killed a Palestinian militant along the border fence between Israel and the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip as he planted a bomb along the fence. Palestinian residents and the Israeli military said Jewish settlers vandalized property overnight in the Palestinian village of Jen Safout in the West Bank. Raed Hamad (27), a Palestinian prisoner, died in an Israeli prison. he had been in solitary confinement for the last 18 months. Lawyer Tareq Barghouth said his client required psychological help but none was provided during his five years in detention.
    (AP, 4/16/10)(AP, 4/17/10)
2010        Apr 16, Lebanese residents dismantled a barbed wire fence set up by Israeli troops in a disputed border area, leading to a call for restraint by UN peacekeepers in the tense region. Army clashes with a powerful clan in the eastern Lebanese city of Baalbek wounded 10 people, including five soldiers.
    (AFP, 4/16/10)
2010        Apr 16, In Pakistan a suicide bomber attacked a hospital emergency room where Shiite Muslims were mourning a slain bank manager, killing 10 people including a journalist and two policemen in Quetta. A suspected US missile strike killed four alleged militants in the Toorkhel area in North Waziristan.
    (AP, 4/16/10)(AP, 4/17/10)
2010        Apr 16, In South Africa 7 suspects waived their right to bail in a case in which they are accused of recruiting women and at least one 16-year-old from across South Africa and bringing them to Ermelo, where they were treated like slaves and forced into prostitution.
    (AP, 4/16/10)

2011        Apr 16, A report by three US House Democrats said millions of gallons of potentially hazardous chemicals and known carcinogens were injected into wells by leading oil and gas service companies from 2005-2009.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, Vicious storms and howling winds smacked the deep South, killing at least 7 people in Alabama including three family members whose homes were tossed into nearby woods. Combined with earlier reported fatalities in Arkansas and Oklahoma, the confirmed death toll over 3 days rose to 16.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In Sarasota, Florida, British tourists James Cooper (25) and Thomas Kouzaris (24) were found shot to death. A boy (16) was soon charged with the killing. On March 28 Shawn Tyson (17) was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 4/19/11, p.A4)(SFC, 3/29/12, p.A7)
2011        Apr 16, In Oak Harbor, Ohio, deputies found the bodies of Alan Atwater (31), his wife Dawn (30), and their 3 children, ages 1-4, all dead with gunshot wounds. Atwater had just called 911 to say he had killed his wife and 3 children and was getting ready to kill himself.
    (SSFC, 4/17/11, p.A10)
2011        Apr 16, Afghan President Hamid Karzai and visiting Pakistani PM Yusuf Raza Gilani agreed to boost joint peace efforts with Taliban insurgents. In eastern Laghman province a suicide bomber wearing an Afghan army uniform blew himself up inside a military base, killing five NATO soldiers and four Afghan soldiers. Two bomb blasts in the south killed three soldiers.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, Bahrain detained Mohammed al-Tajer, a human rights lawyer, and at least two doctors as part of a crackdown on pro-democracy protestors in the Gulf Arab kingdom. Tareq al-Fursani, a gold medalist in several Asian championships, was arrested at his home in a village east of the capital Manama.
    (Reuters, 4/16/11)(Reuters, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, Burkina Faso police in the capital fired tear gas on thousands of angry merchants protesting a second night of looting by soldiers, the latest of several recent episodes of unrest in the small West African nation.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, Several thousand Croats protested against The Hague convicting two former Croatian generals whose trial was a condition of Croatia's attempt to join the European Union.
    (Reuters, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, Cuba kicked off a crucial 4-day Communist Party congress with a big military and civilian parade to mark 50 years since the defeat of CIA-backed exiles at the Bay of Pigs. Pres. Raul Castro (79) proposed term limits for Cuba's leaders, admitted that errors have left the country with no obvious successor and promised to rejuvenate the island's political class.
    (AP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, Leavy Nin Batista (33), the ex-wife of a reputed Caribbean drug kingpin, was returned to the Dominican Republic to face accusations she laundered money for her former husband's alleged trafficking network. Jose Figueroa Agosto, the so-called "Pablo Escobar of the Caribbean," was captured last year in Puerto Rico. On May 9 Batista acknowledged her guilt in a plea deal with prosecutors.
    (AP, 4/17/11)(AP, 5/10/11)
2011        Apr 16, An Egyptian court ordered the dissolving of the country's former ruling party and the confiscation of its assets, meeting a major demand of the protest movement that ousted President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In India Brigadier Sawai Bhawani Singh (79), the last maharaja of Jaipur, died. Singh served as the maharaja or hereditary ruler of Jaipur after his father Sawai Man Singh's death in June 1970.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, A senior Iranian military official said experts have determined the United States and Israel were behind a mysterious computer worm known as Stuxnet that has harmed Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In Iraq gunmen late at night stormed the home of a Shiite family living in a mostly Sunni neighborhood of Baghdad and killed all four family members.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, Ivory Coast officials began drawing up a list of ministers, generals and journalists to be charged with blood crimes, corruption and hate speech, as shooting erupted between residual forces of a pro-Gbagbo militia and forces of democratically elected President Ouattara.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, TEPCO, the Japanese operator of a stricken nuclear plant, said it has started dumping a mineral into the sea that absorbs radioactive substances, aiming to slow down contamination of the ocean.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, A strong earthquake of magnitude 5.8 hit central Japan.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In Libya forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi fired at least 100 Grad rockets into Misrata, in a third day of heavy bombardment of the rebel-held city. A rights watchdog said Kadhafi's forces were using cluster bombs. Rebels made it into the outskirts of Brega but many fled back to Ajdabiyah after six were killed by rockets fired by Gaddafi loyalists on the exposed coastal road joining the two towns.
    (Reuters, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/16/11)(AFP, 4/16/11)(Reuters, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 16, Nigeria held elections on whether to keep their accidental president, Goodluck Jonathan, in power. An explosion hit a police station in the northeastern city of Maiduguri just as presidential elections were beginning.
    (AP, 4/16/11)(Reuters, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, A Qatari state-controlled gas producer said it has agreed to send Japan more than 60 extra tanker shipments of liquefied natural gas to help power the Asian nation in the wake of its tsunami disaster.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In the Philippines army Scout Rangers encountered about 15 Abu Sayyaf gunmen in a remote village of Al Barka township on Basilan island. The clash killed 2 al-Qaida-linked gunmen and left three soldiers wounded.
    (AP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, In Serbia tens of thousands of nationalist supporters demanded the pro-Western government call early elections in Serbia at a rally, as their leader announced he was launching a hunger strike until the request is met. Tomislav Nikolic ended his hunger strike on April 24.
    (AP, 4/16/11)(AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 16, Spain’s labor minister warned in a published interview that the number of unemployed could reach a record of more than five million. Spain already had the highest jobless rate among developed countries.
    (AFP, 4/16/11)
2011        Apr 16, Thousands of Syrians took to the streets for the funeral of a slain protester, shouting for freedom just hours before President Bashar Assad was expected to appear in a televised speech. Assad spoke to government insiders acknowledging economic woes.
    (AP, 4/16/11)(Econ, 4/23/11, p.49)
2011        Apr 16, Thousands of Yemenis demonstrated against the president after he criticized the participation of women in anti-government protests.
    (AP, 4/16/11)

2012        Apr 16, Jim Yong Kim, a Korean-American physician and head of Dartmouth College, NH, was appointed to head the World Bank. Challenger and Nigerian Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala congratulated Kim, but called for changes to the US-dominated selection process.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)(Econ, 4/21/12, p.87)
2012        Apr 16, In San Francisco the annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were presented 6 individuals. They included Sofia Gatica of Argentina work on diseases related to agrochemicals; Caroline Canon of Alaska for her village efforts against oil drilling in the Arctic Ocean; Ma Jun of China for his efforts on air and water violations by major manufacturers; Ikal Angelei of Kenya for her efforts to protect Lake Turkana; Evgenia Chirikova of Russia for her efforts to protect the Khimki Forest; and Father Edwin Gariguez of the Philippines for advocating against mining developments on indigenous lands.
    (SFC, 4/16/12, p.A10)
2012        Apr 16, The space shuttle Discovery was flown on its final journey to Washington’s Smithsonian Institution.
    (SFC, 4/17/12, p.A6)
2012        Apr 16, In Afghanistan an 18-hour attack, allegedly carried out by Pakistan-based militants on targets in the Afghan capital, including the US Embassy, ended today killing 11 people. 36 insurgents were also killed. A gunman arrested in the attacks told authorities the simultaneous strikes in Kabul and three other cities were carried out by the Haqqani network.
    (AP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez pushed forward a bill to renationalize the country's largest oil company despite fierce criticism from abroad and the risk of a major rift with Spain.
    (AP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 16, Australia said it will lift sanctions against Myanmar's president and more than 200 others who are currently under travel and financial bans, after a series of reforms in the past year.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, In northeastern Brazil inmates armed with guns and knives seized control of the Advogado Antonio Jacinto Filho prison in Aracaju. They took 80 visitors and 2 guards hostage. The uprising ended after 26 hours and 131 hostages were released after officials agreed to investigate complaints.
    (SFC, 4/17/12, p.A2)(SFC, 4/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 16, The Canadian mint launched glow-in-the-dark quarters. They featured a dinosaur whose skeleton shines at night from beneath its scaly hide. The mintage was limited to 25,000, and would cost collectors $29.95.
    (c/net, 4/12/12)
2012        Apr 16, Half of England was officially in drought after the Environment Agency declared another 17 counties short of water, and warned the situation may continue until the end of the year.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, Cameroon police arrested former PM Inoni Ephraim (2004-200) as part of an investigation into corruption. Former minister Marafa Amidou Yaya was also taken into custody in relation to alleged misuse of public funds that had been meant for a presidential airplane, purchased at great expense in 2004 and which turned out to have serious technical flaws.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, A strong magnitude-6.7 earthquake shook central Chile late today, prompting authorities to order the evacuation of a stretch of coastline and causing hundreds of people in the capital to flee buildings in panic. A least one death was attributed to the quake.
    (AP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 16, In Denmark Arnold Maersk McKinney Moeller (98), the country’s richest man, died. He turned two small shipping companies that his father had created into a global giant with 108,000 workers across 130 countries.
    (SFC, 4/17/12, p.C4)
2012        Apr 16, In East Timor 2 former guerrilla leaders vied for the presidency. Jose Maria Vasconcelos, known by his nom de guerre, Taur Matan Ruak, received 61% of the vote defeating Francisco "Lu Olo" Guterres.
    (AP, 4/16/12)(AP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 16, Equatorial Guinea's public prosecutor launched a probe into whether Daniel Lebegue, the head of the French wing of corruption watchdog Transparency International, slandered the country.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 16, Haiti, the United States and international partners launched a nationwide vaccination campaign seeking to curb or prevent infectious diseases.
    (AP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, Sex experts urged Hong Kongers to strip off their reputation as some of the least active lovers in Asia to get more out of their sex lives and overcome challenges of privacy in a cramped city.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 16, Iran officially launched a $1-billion first phase of an ambitious project to pump water from the Caspian Sea to a city in its vast and expanding central desert.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, Oil prices slipped after nuclear talks over the weekend between major crude producer Iran and world powers eased concerns over Middle East supplies.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, In Iraq gunmen shot dead four Shiite farmers working in an orchard in the predominantly Sunni village of Rashidiyah, just north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, Kenyan priest John Webootsa was awarded a French-German human rights prize for his work in Korogocho slum, one of the most overcrowded slums in Kenya.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, In Norway Anders Behring Breivik admitted to the July 22, 2011, bomb-and-shooting massacre that killed 77 people but pleaded not guilty to criminal charges, saying he was acting in self-defense.
    (AP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, Sudan's parliament voted unanimously to brand the government of South Sudan an enemy, after southern troops invaded the north's main oilfield. The Sudan Media Center reported that Sudan's army took control of Mugum, a stronghold of the southern army in Blue Nile state. Officials said clashes have spread along the border of Sudan and South Sudan. Sudan's military bombed an oil well outside Heglig.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)(AP, 4/16/12)(AP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 16, Syrian forces fought with rebels in Idlib and shelled Homs, hours after UN peacekeepers arrived to oversee a truce aimed at ending a year of bloodshed. At least 26 people were reported killed. The Local Coordination Committees said at least 55 people were killed, including 26 in Idlib.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)(AP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 16, Taiwan kicked off its biggest annual war game, testing its ability to defend of the capital Taipei against a Chinese attack and ward off a blockade of its main naval base.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, The UN Security Council tightened sanctions against North Korea over its failed rocket launch and warned of new "action" if the isolated state stages a new nuclear test.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, In Yemen a suspected US drone strike late today in the southeastern Shabwa province killed five Al-Qaeda-affiliated militants.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 16, In southern Zimbabwe at least 21 people were killed early today when a speeding bus overturned while traveling towards Beitbridge.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 16, Zimbabwean police arrested a journalist from New Zealand for reporting without accreditation. Hammond Robin Nicholas (37) was arrested together with Zimbabwean charity worker Bertha Chiguvare (31) in the border town of Beitbridge.
    (AFP, 4/20/12)

2013        Apr 16, A letter was intercepted in Washington DC, postmarked from Memphis and mailed to Mississippi Republican Sen. Roger Wicker's office. It contained the toxic substance ricin, forcing the temporary closure of a Senate post office and prompting a federal investigation.
    (SFC, 4/18/13, p.A9)
2013        Apr 16, Rhode Island held a gun buy-back day and netted 186 firearms.
    (Econ, 4/27/13, p.31)
2013        Apr 16, In Texas Kim Lene Williams, the wife of a former judge, was arrested. She confessed to being involved in the shooting deaths of  Kaufman County District Attorney Mike McLelland, his wife, Cynthia, and one of his prosecutors, Mark Hasse.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 16, In Afghanistan insurgents ambushed a convoy of trucks in Wardak province, killing five members of a government guard force. 6 Afghan soldiers, two officers and four enlisted men, were shot to death on a main highway that crosses Jowzjan province.
    (AP, 4/16/13)(AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 16, Bahrain police raided a boys' high school in Manama and fired tear gas in clashes with students angry over the arrest of fellow student Hassan Humidan (17) the day before.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, Belgian police conducted searches at 46 locations over the recruitment of fighters to help rebels trying to overthrow Syrian leader Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, China's defense ministry made a thinly veiled attack on the United States for increasing tensions in the Asia-Pacific by ramping up its military presence and alliances in the region.
    (Reuters, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, An Egyptian court sentenced policeman Osama el-Kounayassi to 15 years imprisonment for manslaughter for torturing an ultraconservative Salafi Muslim to death. The Salafi was arrested along with other suspects in the aftermath of the bombing on Jan 1, 2011, when at least 21 worshippers were killed while leaving a New Year's Eve mass in Alexandria.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, In Egypt gunmen opened fire on a security convoy in central Sinai, killing a police lieutenant and seriously injuring another policeman before fleeing.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, A European court blocked Britain from extraditing a mentally ill suspect accused of trying to set up a terrorist training camp in Oregon. The European Court of Human Rights ruled that sending Haroon Aswat to a prison in the United States would breach his human rights due to the "severity of his mental condition." Aswat was arrested on a US warrant in 2005, and has been fighting extradition ever since.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, EU officials said that over 7,000 tests of food products across the EU have shown that nearly 5% of food labeled as beef contained horse meat.
    (SFC, 4/17/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 16, A 7.7 earthquake, described as the strongest to hit Iran in more than half a century, flattened homes and offices on both sides of the Iran-Pakistan border, killing at least 34 people in in a single village in Pakistan and swaying skyscrapers and buildings as far away as New Delhi.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, In Iraq a car bomb went off targeting an army patrol north of Baghdad, killing 2 soldiers and wounding 7 people, 5 of them civilians. Another car bomb exploded near a car repair shops in Aziziyah town, killing 7 people with 20 wounded.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, A majority of Irish public sector workers rejected a new pay deal and warned the government against unilaterally cutting wages, giving it a headache as it seeks to exit an EU-IMF bailout later this year.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, Nigerian prosecutors filed criminal charges against journalists Tony Amokeodo and Chibuzo Ukaibe over a story they published on alleged plans by the nation's presidency to disrupt opposition parties. The charges are a sign of growing government pressure on the media.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, North Korea issued new threats against South Korea, vowing "sledge-hammer blows" of retaliation if South Korea did not apologize for anti-North Korean protests the previous day when the North was celebrating the birth of its founding leader.
    (Reuters, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, Pakistani judges disqualified Pervez Musharraf from running in the upcoming parliamentary election. The former military ruler recently returned from self-imposed exile to make a political comeback.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, In southwest Pakistan a bomb in Baluchistan province hit a convoy of vehicles carrying a candidate in the country's upcoming parliamentary election, killing three people and wounding seven others. In the northwest bomb targeting members of an anti-Taliban political party killed four people and wounded 20 in Peshawar.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, Syria's Pres. Assad slashed prison terms by three quarters for an unspecified number of rebels convicted as "terrorists," as rebels and troops fought fierce battles in the country's south and north.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said the security situation in Central African Republic is deteriorating and expressed concern about "a wide range of alleged grave violations" including rape, torture, kidnappings and targeted killings.
    (AP, 4/16/13)
2013        Apr 16, Venezuela's chief prosecutor said that 7 people have been killed and 61 injured in widespread protests following presidential elections in which the opposition candidate is demanding a recount. Diosdado Cabello, speaker of the Natioanl Assembly, said legislators who do not recognize Maduro as president would not be allowed to speak.
    (AP, 4/16/13)(Econ, 4/20/13, p.40)

2014        Apr 16, Aaron Kushner, head of Freedom Communications Inc., launched the Los Angeles Register, an expansion of his Orange County Register.
    (AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, A Kentucky jury convicted James Schook (66), a former Catholic priest, of three counts of sodomy in a case stemming from the 1970s.
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 16, US District Judge Daniel Hovland overturned a North Dakota law banning abortions when a fetal heartbeat can be detected, as early as six weeks into pregnancy, and before many women know they’re pregnant. On May 14 the state filed an appeal on the ruling.
    (SFC, 4/17/14, p.A5)(SFC, 5/15/14, p.A7)
2014        Apr 16, A US federal judge said Ohio officials must immediately recognized the same-sex marriages of four couples who sued over the state’s gay marriage ban.
    (SFC, 4/17/14, p.A5)
2014        Apr 16, In Texas Jose Villegas (39) was executed for fatally stabbing his ex-girlfriend, her young son and her mother 13 years earlier in Corpus Christi.
    (SFC, 4/17/14, p.A5)
2014        Apr 16, The ultra-deep Angolan offshore oil project called Kaombo generated the third huge contract in three days when French group Total picked two firms to carry out underwater engineering worth $3.5 billion.
    (AFP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, In Afghanistan a group of policemen were kidnapped while travelling in civilian clothes. The Taliban soon claimed to have killed at least 4 of them in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 4/17/14, p.A2)(SFC, 4/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 16, British food bank operator Trussell Trust reported that the number of people in Britain using food banks has nearly tripled to more than 900,000 over the past 12 months.
    (AFP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, An Egyptian court sentenced 119 supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood of former president Mohamed Mursi to three years each in prison in connection with protests last October 6 against his overthrow. Hazem Salah Abu-Ismail, an ultraconservative Islamist and ally of ousted President Morsi, was convicted of forging official documents to conceal that his mother was a US citizen, receiving a seven-year prison sentence.
    (Reuters, 4/16/14)(AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, Jacques Servier (92), the founder of France's second-largest pharmaceutical group, died. He and his lab were ensnared in a scandal in which the diabetes drug Mediator was alleged to be responsible for the deaths of hundreds of people.
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 16, In southern India 6 people were burned to death and another 12 seriously injured early today when a bus caught fire in Karanataka state.
    (AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, In Iraq two suicide bombers rammed their explosives-laden cars into security checkpoints leading to the military operation command in the city of Ramadi, killing 5 soldiers and 3 police officers.
    (AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, Japanese small-car maker Suzuki Motor Corp said it will introduce an affordable, simplified gas-electric hybrid technology in its cars, joining rivals in the race for fuel efficiency.
    (Reuters, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, Mt. Gox said the Tokyo District Court decided the company, which was a trading platform and storehouse for the bitcoin virtual currency, would not be able to resurrect itself under a business rehabilitation process filed for in February.
    (AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, Jordanian warplanes hit and destroyed several vehicles trying to cross the border from Syria. The targets appeared to have been Syrian rebels with machine guns mounted on civilian vehicles who were seeking refugee from fighting with government forces.
    (Reuters, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, In northeastern Nigeria suspected Islamic militants struck for a fourth time in three days, killing 18 people in Wala, Gwoza district.
    (AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, Dozens of Palestinians were wounded in clashes with Israeli police that erupted when Jerusalem's flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound was opened to Jewish visitors.
    (AFP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, In the Philippines at least 5 people including a 2-year-old boy were killed and 15 others were injured when a passenger bus rammed a stalled truck along the highway in eastern Camarines Sur province.
    (AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, Slovak police said they have arrested two men after they allegedly produced counterfeit Czech and Swiss banknotes of "exceptionally" high quality and spent at least 1.2 million koruna ($60,000) of the fake cash in shopping malls over the past three years.
    (AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, South Africa's central bank fined four of the country's biggest commercial banks for weak controls against money laundering and financing for terrorism.
    (AFP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, In South Korea some 274 people were missing after the sinking of the Sewol passenger ferry in the Yellow Sea. It carried 475 passengers and crew, mostly high school students from Danwon High School in Ansan, on an overnight trip to Jeju island. Only 174 were rescued. On July 18 the confirmed death toll was 294 with 10 still missing. A body recovered on Oct 28 raised the toll to 295.
    (AP, 4/16/14)(AP, 4/17/14)(SSFC, 4/20/14, p.A4)(Econ, 4/19/14, p.37)(AFP, 7/18/14)(AP, 10/28/14)
2014        Apr 16, Syrian military airstrikes killed at least four people in Zabadani, a rebel-held town along the Lebanese border.
    (AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, In Ukraine a column of 6 armored vehicles flying Russian flags drove into Slovyansk, a city controlled by pro-Russian insurgents. Ukraine's defense ministry said pro-Russia separatists had seized the six armored personnel carriers from Ukrainian armed forces with the help of Russian agents. Ukraine's security service said it had intercepted communications showing that Russian commanders in the separatist east had issued pro-Kremlin militants with "shoot-to-kill" orders.
    (AP, 4/16/14)(Reuters, 4/16/14)(AP, 4/16/14)
2014        Apr 16, The United Nations and aid groups launched an appeal for $274 million to help people who have fled the Central African Republic because of the sectarian conflict.
    (AP, 4/16/14)

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