Today in History - April 17

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6BCE    Apr 17, Jupiter was in a rare alignment with the constellation Aries and marked an important date for ancient astrologers. Jesus was believed to have been born in this year.
    (SFC, 4/13/01, p.C1)

485        Apr 17, Proclus (b.411), Greek mathematician, died in Athens.
    (WUD, 1994 p.1147)(MC, 4/17/02)

858        Apr 17, Benedict III, Catholic Pope, died.
    (PTA, 1980, p.210)

1272        Apr 17, Zita (Cita), Italian maid, saint, died at about age 59.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1421        Apr 17, Dikes at Dort, Holland, broke and some 100,000 people drowned.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1492        Apr 17, A contract was signed by Christopher Columbus and a representative of Spain's King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, giving Columbus a commission to seek a westward ocean passage to find the Indies (to Asia).
    (AP, 4/17/97)(HN, 4/17/98)

1521        Apr 17, Under the protection of Frederick the Wise, elector of Saxony, Martin Luther first appeared before Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and the Imperial Diet to face charges stemming from his religious writings. The Roman Catholic Church had already excommunicated him on Jan 3, 1521. He was later declared an outlaw by Charles V.
    (NH, 9/96, p.18)(HN, 4/17/98)(AP, 4/17/07)

1524        Apr 17, Giovanni da Verrazano, Florentine navigator, reached present-day New York Harbor. He explored from Cape Fear to Newfoundland and discovered New York Bay and the Hudson River. He was later eaten by natives.
    (TL-MB, p.12)(HN, 4/17/98)(SFEM, 11/15/98, p.26)(AP, 4/17/08)

1534        Apr 17, Sir Thomas Moore (d.1535) was jailed in the Tower of London.
    (SFEC, 12/19/99, p.T3)(MC, 4/17/02)

1535        Apr 17, Antonio Mendoza was appointed first viceroy of New Spain.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1539        Apr 17, Tobias Stimmer, Swiss painter, cartoonist (Comedia), was born.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1586        Apr 17, John Ford (d.1640), English dramatist ('Tis Pity She's a Whore), was born.
    (WUD, 1994 p.554)(MC, 4/17/02)

1622        Apr 17, Henry Vaughan (d.1695), English poet and mystic, was born.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1582)(HN, 4/17/98)

1630        Apr 17, Christian I, ruler of Anhalt-Bernburg (battle of White Mt), died.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1676        Apr 17, Frederick I, king of Sweden, was born.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1679        Apr 17, John van Kessel (53), Flemish painter, died.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1695        Apr 17, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz (b.~1648), Mexican nun and poet, died of plague.
    (SSFC, 9/3/06, p.M3)(

1699        Apr 17, Robert Blair, Scottish poet (Grave), was born.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1741        Apr 17, Samuel Chase, signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1758        Apr 17, Frances Williams, the first African-American to graduate for a college in the western hemisphere, published a collection of Latin poems.
    (HN, 4/17/99)

1761        Apr 17, Thomas Bayes (b.1702), English theologian and mathematician, died. He established a mathematical basis for probability inference based on sparse data. Sampling from a large population (the frequentist school) came to dominate the field in the modern era. In 2006 researchers suggested that the human brain might work in a Bayesian manner drawing strong inferences from sparse data.
    (, 1/7/06, p.70)

1790        Apr 17, Benjamin Franklin (born 1706), American statesman, died in Philadelphia at age 84. He mechanized the process of making sounds from tuned glass with his glass armonica. In 2000 H.W. Brands authored his Franklin biography: “The First American." In 2003 Walter Isaacson authored "Benjamin Franklin: An American Life."
    (AP, 4/17/97)(SFEC, 12/28/97, DB p.17)(WSJ, 9/20/00, p.A24)(WSJ, 7/3/03, p.D8)

1793        Apr 17, The Battle of Warsaw was fought.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1808        Apr 17, The Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France ordered the seizure of U.S. ships.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1810        Apr 17, Lewis Norton of Troy, PA., introduced his pineapple cheese.
    (440 Int'l, 4/17/03)

1817        Apr 17, 1st US school for deaf was founded in Hartford, Conn.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1818        Apr 17, Alexander II, son of Nicholas I and Tsar of Russia (1855-1881), was born.

1820        Apr 17, Alexander Cartwright, sportsman, was born. He developed baseball.
    (HN, 4/17/01)

1824        Apr 17, Russia abandoned all North American claims south of 54' 40'.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1835        Apr 17, William Henry Ireland (b.1775)), English forger of Shakespeare’s works, died. He is less well-known as a poet, writer of gothic novels and histories.
    (ON, 8/10, p.5)(

1837        Apr 17, J. Pierpont Morgan (d.1913), American financier, was born in Hartford, Conn. J.P. Mogan later owned U.S. Steel and International Harvester. In 1999 Jean Strouse published the biography "Morgan: American Financier."
    (WSJ, 3/30/99, p.A24)(HN, 4/7/99)(

1838        Apr 17, J. Schopenhauer (71), writer, died.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1839        Apr 17, Guatemala formed a republic.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1860        Apr 17, English boxer Tom Sayers (1826-1865) fought John Heenan (1833-1873) of the US for 37 rounds in an international bare-knuckle match at Farnborough, Hampshire, that was called a draw. Heenan was later acclaimed as the "World Boxing Champion."

1861        Apr 17, The Virginia State Convention voted to secede from the Union. Virginia became the eighth state to secede from the Union and moved troops to take over National Capital. Federal troops were rushed down the Chesapeake-Delaware Canal and arrived in time to stop Confederate troops from taking Washington D.C. The Wheeling Conventions declared Virginia’s secession from the Union unconstitutional and named Francis H. Pierpont governor of the Reorganized Government of Virginia, which was quickly recognized by the federal government. At the outbreak of the Civil War, representatives of Virginia’s western counties had gathered in the city of Wheeling (as the temporary capital) to form the Reorganized Government of Virginia. In 1862 a state constitution was adopted by the convention and on June 20, 1863, West Virginia was admitted as the 35th state in the Union.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(HN, 4/17/98)(NG, Sept. 1939, p.379)(HNQ, 6/16/99)
1861        Apr 17, In Australia Charles Gray, the ex-sailor in the Burke party, was found dead in his bed roll.
    (ON, 12/01, p.2)

1864        Apr 17, General Grant banned the trading of prisoners.
    (HN, 4/17/98)
1864        Apr 17, There was a bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1865        Apr 17, Mary Surratt was arrested as a conspirator in the Lincoln assassination.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1866        Apr 17, Ernest Henry Starling, British physiologist, was born.
    (HN, 4/17/01)

1875        Apr 17, The game of "snooker" was invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1882        Apr 17, Artur Schnabel, pianist (Beethoven Piano Sonatas), was born in Lipnik, Austria.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1885        Apr 17, Karen Blixen-Finecke (Isak Dinesen, d.1962), Danish writer (Out of Africa), was born. “God made the world round so we would never be able to see too far down the road."
    (AP, 9/15/00)(HN, 4/17/01)(MC, 4/17/02)

1894        Apr 17, Nikita S Khrushchev (d.1971), Soviet premier (1958-64) during the Cold War, was born.
    (HN, 4/17/99)

1895        Apr 17, China and Japan signed the peace treaty of Shimonoseki. This followed a war over control of the Korean peninsula. Taiwan and the islands that it controlled were taken over by Japan (see May 8).
    (HN, 4/17/98)(Econ, 1/15/05, Survey p.4)(Econ, 5/18/13, p.50)

1897        Apr 17, Thornton Wilder (d.1975), novelist and playwright, was born. His work included "Our Town" and "The Bridge of San Luis Rey."
    (HN, 4/17/99)(WSJ, 10/4/08, p.W8)

1903        Apr 17, Gregor Piatigorsky, cellist, was born in Ekaterinoslav, Russia.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1907        Apr 17, The Ellis Island immigration center in New York Harbor processed a record 11,747 immigrants, part of a record 1,004,756 for the year. Between 1820 and 1970, the year 1907 saw the largest number of immigrants to the U.S., 1,285,349. Between 1905 and 1915, the annual immigration numbers topped 1 million six times.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.T10)(HNQ, 8/12/99)

1909        Apr 17, In San Francisco 5 bodies were recovered and probably eight or ten others buried in the ruins of an early morning fire which destroyed the St. George hotel, a lodging house for laborers at Howard and Eighth streets, and eight other small buildings.

1918        Apr 17, William Holden, Ill, actor (Stalag 17, Bridge Over River Kwai, SOB), was born.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1923        Apr 17, Harry Reasoner, American broadcast journalist, was born in Dakota City, Iowa.
    (HN, 4/17/98)(MC, 4/17/02)

1928        Apr 17, Cynthia Ozick, writer (The Cannibal Galaxy, The Messiah of Stockholm), was born.
    (HN, 4/17/01)

1929        Apr 17, Baseball player Babe Ruth and Claire Hodgeson, a former member of the Ziegfield Follies, got married.
    (HN, 4/17/01)

1932        Apr 17, Graziella Sciutti, Italian opera singer, was born.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1937        Apr 17, Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J. Fudd and Petunia Pig, debuted.

1939        Apr 17, S.N. Behrman's "No Time for Comedy," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1940        Apr 17, In Egypt King Farouk arrived at Tanis and ordered French archeologist Pierre Montet to open the tomb of King Amenemope, son of 21st Dynasty King Psusennes I.
    (Arch, 5/05, p.25)

1941        Apr 17, Office of Price Administration OPA formed to handle war time rationing.
    (MC, 4/17/02)
1941        Apr 17, British troop landed in Iraq.
    (MC, 4/17/02)
1941        Apr 17, Yugoslavia surrendered to Germany ending 11 days of futile resistance against the invading German Wehrmacht. More than 300,000 Yugoslav officers and soldiers were taken prisoner. Italian and Albanian forces attacked and jointly occupied Yugoslavia.
    (SFC, 4/5/97, p.A20)(AP, 4/17/97)(MC, 4/17/02)

1943        Apr 17, SS lt. General Jurgen Stoop arrived in Warsaw.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1945        Apr 17, The US Army raided factory in Stassfurt, Germany, and found some 1,100 tons of ore, some in the form of uranium oxide, a basic material of atomic bombs. It was part of mission Alsos, intended to track down Germany's atomic bomb project and nuclear scientists. In 1986 Richard Rhodes authored "The Making of the Atomic Bomb."
    (SFC, 9/1/03, p.B4)
1945        Apr 17, 8th Air Force bombed Dresden.
    (MC, 4/17/02)
1945        Apr 17, Mussolini fled from to Milan.
    (MC, 4/17/02)
1945        Apr 17, Canadian lead tanks roll into Apeldoorn, Netherlands, loudly cheered by relieved residents.
1945        Apr 17, Hannie Schaft (24), Dutch resistance fighter who lived in Haarlem, known as the "Girl with red hair," was executed by the Germans just one month before the war ended. She was a student who joined the resistance early in the war. On her bicycle she delivered ration coupons, newspapers, secret information and weapons. She was shot and buried in a shallow grave in the Dunes around Bloemendaal.
    (MC, 4/17/02)(Internet)
1945        Apr 17, Walter Model (54), German field marshal, committed suicide. [see Apr 21]
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1946        Apr 17, The last French troops left Syria.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1947        Apr 17, Jackie Robinson bunted for his first major league hit.
(HN, 4/17/98)

1949        Apr 17, At midnight 26 counties officially left the British Commonwealth. A 21-gun salute on O'Connell Bridge, Dublin, ushered in the Republic of Ireland.

1951        Apr 17, Olivia Hussey, actress (Romeo and Juliet, Death on Nile), was born in Buenos Aires.
    (MC, 4/17/02)
1951        Apr 17, Mickey Mantle played his 1st game as a NY Yankee and went 1 for 4.
    (MC, 4/17/02)

1952        Apr 17, The California Supreme Court ruled that Sei Fujii, a non-citizen issei, could purchase and own property in his own name. Chief Justice Phil S. Gibson, aided by Justices Edmonds, Carter, and Traynor, wrote the majority opinion. Justice Schauer, along with Justices Shend and Spence, wrote the dissenting opinion.

1953        Apr 17, Mickey Mantle hit a home run in Washington's Griffith Stadium off the Senator's Chuck Stobbs that was entered in the Guinness Book of World Records as measuring 565 feet. The distance was later said to have been padded.
    (WSJ, 7/9/03, p.A1)

1955        Apr 17, The Bandung Conference opened in the Javanese city of Bandung and continued to April 25. This int’l. meeting founded the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). The 1st forum of 29 Asian and African nations was marked by superpower hostility. The aim of the conference was to oppose the Western and Soviet blocs and stay neutral.
    (WSJ, 7/24/01, p.B4)(AP, 4/24/05)(

1956        Apr 17, "Sugar" Ray Charles Leonard, boxer (Oly-gold-1976) [or 5/17], was born.
    (MC, 4/17/02)
1956        Apr 17, The Soviet Cominform was officially dissolved.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685)

1958        Apr 17, A World Fair opened in Brussels, Belgium. The 335-foot Atomium, representing a large-scale metal molecule, was built to celebrate the 1958 World's Fair in Brussels. It became one of Belgium's most famous landmarks and in 2005 was restored to its shiny splendor, the faded aluminum sheets on the nine balls fully replaced with hardy stainless steel.
    ('58)(AP, 9/16/05)

1959        Apr 17, A nationwide US air raid drill suspended most television and radio programs for a half hour.
    (SSFC, 3/22/09, DB p.50)

1961        Apr 17, In the 33rd Academy Awards "The Apartment" won as best picture. The best actor award went to Burt Lancaster for his role in Elmer Gantry. Elizabeth Taylor won for her role in Butterfield 8.
1961        Apr 17, About 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles, Brigade 2506, launched the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in a failed attempt to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro. The US clandestinely invaded Cuba in the Bay of Pigs operation and the operation failed completely without any of the promised air support from the United States. Cuban forces killed 200 rebels and captured 1,197 in less than 72 hours. The command vessel Marsopa and supply ship Houston were sunk and an entire battalion was lost. 26 survivors were rescued after 3 days of fighting. A single copy of a CIA report written by inspector general Lyman Kirkpatrick was made public in 1998. The operation, which had been devised during the Eisenhower Administration, was nonetheless endorsed by the new president, John F. Kennedy. In 1979 Peter Wyden wrote “Bay of Pigs: The Untold Story." Portion of the 1961 Taylor Report was made public in 1977 and 1986. Most of the report was made public in 2000 and it showed that the CIA knew that the Soviets knew the exact date of the attack. In 2009 Guadeloupe apologized to Cuba for allowing the CIA to train Cuban exiles on its soil.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(SFEC, 2/22/98, p.A19)(HNQ, 4/11/00)(SFC, 4/29/00, p.A7)(AP, 2/18/09)(AH, 4/07, p.18)(SFC, 4/14/11, p.A5)

1964        Apr 17, Ford Motor Company unveiled its new Mustang model at the New York World’s Fair. The base price was $2,368. Donald Frey (d.2010 at 86), spearheaded the design and development of the car. Industry experts in 1996 picked the 1964 Mustang as the number 1 favorite car.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFC, 3/30/10, p.C3)
1964        Apr 17, Jerrie Mock (1925-2014) became the first woman to complete a solo airplane flight around the world. Her journey had begun on March 19 from Columbus, Ohio.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(SFC, 10/2/14, p.D4)

1965        Apr 17, Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) held its 1st anti-Vietnam war protest rally in Washington DC. Daniel Ellsburg helped Patricia Marx tape the event for public radio.
    (SSFC, 10/20/02, p.M1)
1965        Apr 17, A stretch of the Mississippi River near Minneapolis crested at a record high. Flooding caused $100 million in damages and left 12 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/17/09, p.D8)

1967        Apr 17, In Vietnam Lt. Col. Leo Thorsness and “backseater" Harry Johnson shot down 2 MiG fighters. Both men were captured on Apr 28, and spent 6 years as POWs. 
    (WSJ, 12/30/08, p.A9)

1969        Apr 17, A jury in Los Angeles convicted Sirhan Sirhan of assassinating Sen. Robert F. Kennedy. 6 days later he was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(
1969        Apr 17, Czechoslovak Communist Party chairman Alexander Dubcek (1921-1992), considered the architect of Czechoslovakia's Prague Spring, was deposed.
    (AP, 4/17/97)(

1970        Apr 17, The Apollo 13 crew splashed down safely in the Pacific, four days after a ruptured oxygen tank crippled their spacecraft. A film was made in 1995 that depicted the mission.
    (WSJ, 3/22/96, p.A-12)(SFEC, 11/10/96, Par p.5)(AP, 4/17/97)

1971        Apr 17, In Vietnam Lance Corporal John Gillespie (24), an Australian army medic, died when his helicopter crashed and caught ablaze after coming under fire during a medical evacuation in the Minh Dam Mountains of southern Phuoc Tuy province. His remains were returned to Australia in 2007.
    (Reuters, 12/18/07)

1972        Apr 17, In Louisiana Angola prison guard Brent Miller was stabbed to death. Herman Wallace (d.2013), who was serving a 50-year sentence for armed robbery, was indicted in 1973 for the killing and put into solitary confinement for the next 4 decades. Wallace died a week after a judge ordered a new trial because women had been excluded from the grand jury indictment. In a separate trial, Albert Woodfox was also convicted in the murder of Brent Miller and sentenced to life in prison. On June 8, 2015, federal judge ruled that the state cannot try Woodfox a third time and that he the only just remedy would be to set him free.
    (SFC, 10/5/13, p.A5)(, 6/9/15, p.A9)
1972        Apr 17, A handful of women were first accepted as entrants to the Boston marathon.
    (SFC, 3/10/00, p.D8)(

1974        Apr 17, Ted Bundy victim Susan Rancourt disappeared from CWU, Ellensburg, WA.

1975        April 17, The US-backed Lon Nol government of Cambodia surrendered to the Khmer Rouge. The nominal leader of the Khmer Rouge was Khieu Samphan. Pol Pot, leader of the Khmer Rouge (Red Cambodia), occupied the capital Phnom Penh ending Cambodia's five-year war. This began the brutal regime that resulted in the death of one to three million people. The Khmer Rouge began to immediately clear Phnom Penh. Agrarian communism was forced on the people and purges extended from the leadership down to the masses. The country was renamed Democratic Kampuchea. After the Khmer Rouge took power they employed a system of forced marriages to help engineer a classless society.
    (NG, 5/85, p.574)(WSJ, 4/17/95, p.A-12)(AP, 4/17/97)(SFC, 6/14/97, p.A15)(WSJ, 6/16/97, p.8)(SFC, 4/17/98, p.A16)(, 1/23/96, p.A10)

1978        Apr 17, Carl Sagan (1934-1996) received the non-fiction Pulitzer Prize for "Dragons of Eden" (1977).

1982        Apr 17, Canada adopted a new Constitution to replace the 1867 British North America Act. It enshrined special rights for indigenous peoples. Pierre Trudeau added a Charter of Rights and Freedoms to Canada’s constitution. Quebec did not sign the 1982 Constitution.
    (, 10/3/00, p.A26)

1983        Apr 17, Mark W. Clark (b.1896), US general (WW II), died.
1983        Apr 17, In Warsaw, police routed 1,000 Solidarity supporters.
    (HN, 4/17/98)

1984        Apr 17, Yvonne Fletcher (25), a British police officer, was killed from rifle shots fired from a window of the Libyan embassy in London during a demonstration against Moammar Khadafy. Diplomatic relations were soon severed and not restored until 1999. Libya later gave Fletcher’s family some compensation. In 2004 a joint British-Libyan investigation into the murder was launched.  In 2009 Moamer Kadhafi officially apologized for the shooting. In 2011 it was reported that a witness had identified Abdulmagid Salah Ameri, a junior diplomat working in the administrative section, as firing a gun from an embassy window. On Nov 19, 2015, a Libyan was arrested on suspicion of conspiracy in the Fletcher case.
    (SFC, 7/8/99, p.A8)(SFEC, 4/9/00, p.C12)(AP, 4/7/04)(AFP, 10/26/09)(AFP, 8/26/11)(SFC, 11/20/15, p.A5)

1986        Apr 17, Pulitzer prize awarded to Larry McMurtry for "Lonesome Dove."
1986        Apr 17, The bodies of American librarian Peter Kilburn and two Britons were found near Beirut; the three hostages had been slain in apparent retaliation for the U.S. raid on Libya.
    (AP, 4/17/97)
1986        Apr 17, At London's Heathrow Airport, a bomb was discovered in a bag carried by an Irish woman about to board an El Al jetliner; she had been tricked into carrying the bomb by her Jordanian boyfriend.
    (AP, 4/17/06)

1987        Apr 17, President Reagan slapped $300 million in punitive duties on imported Japanese computers, television sets and power tools, in retaliation for Japan's alleged violation of a computer chip trade agreement.
    (AP, 4/17/97)
1987        Apr 17, Dick Shawn (57), comic actor born as Richard Schulefand, died while on stage at UC San Diego. He starred in the 1968 Mel Brooks film "The Producers."
    (SSFC, 8/12/01, Par p.2)(
1987        Apr 17, The Iraqi military won an important battle for Faw during Iran-Iraq war. This became a national holiday until 2003.
    (AP, 7/13/03)
1987        Apr 17, In Sri Lanka Tamil extremists shot dead 127, mainly Sinhalese, in Trincomalee.

1988        Apr 17, Louise Nevelson, the Russian-born sculptor who became one of the world's best-known women artists, died in New York at the age of 88.
    (AP, 4/17/98)
1988        Apr 17, The newly-restructured Iraqi Army began a major operation named "Ramadan Mubarak" aimed to clear the Iranians out of the peninsula. The Iranians were expelled from the peninsula within 35 hours, with much of their equipment captured intact.

1989        Apr 17, The US House Ethics Committee released its report accusing Speaker Jim Wright of violating House rules on the acceptance of gifts and outside income -- charges denied by the Texas Democrat.
    (AP, 4/17/99)
1989        Apr 17, Solidarity in Poland was legalized.
    (HFA, '96, p.28)

1990        Apr 17, President Bush warned the Soviet Union against carrying out an economic blockade of Lithuania, hinting at "appropriate responses."
    (AP, 4/17/00)
1990        Apr 17, The US Supreme Court in Employment Division v Smith said two members of a native American church had no First Amendment right to unemployment compensation after being fired for ingesting peyote as part of their religious observance.
    (, 7/9/16, p.24)
1990        Apr 17, The Rev. Ralph D. Abernathy, the civil rights activist and top aide to Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., died in Atlanta at age 64.
    (AP, 4/17/00)

1991        Apr 17, Congress voted to put a quick end to a day-old nationwide strike by 235,000 rail workers. President Bush signed the legislation early the next day.
    (AP, 4/17/01)
1991        Apr 17, The Dow Jones industrial (DJIA) average closed above three-thousand for the first time, ending the day at three-thousand-four-point-46.
    (AP, 4/17/01)

1992        Apr 17, US Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan told the Senate Banking Committee the modest pace of economic expansion wasn't adequate, a remark interpreted as a signal he might cut interest rates further.
    (AP, 4/17/97)

1993        Apr 17, A federal jury in Los Angeles convicted two former police officers of violating the civil rights of beaten motorist Rodney King; two other officers were acquitted. Los Angeles Police Department Sergeant Stacey C. Koon and officer Laurence M Powell were convicted for beating Rodney King. [see Apr 16]
    (SFC, 6/14/96, p. A4)(AP, 4/17/98)
1993        Apr 17, The U.N. Security Council voted to tighten sanctions against Yugoslavia for its role in the Bosnian war.
    (AP, 4/17/98)
1993        Apr 17, Turkish President Turgut Ozal died at age 66. In 2012 authorities investigating Ozal's death found traces of toxic material in samples from his exhumed body but could not conclude he died of poisoning.
    (AP, 4/17/98)(AP, 12/12/12)

1994        Apr 17, Bosnian Serb tanks entered the Muslim enclave of Gorazde; the UN Security Council issued a nonbinding statement that condemned the Serbs' escalating military activities, but made no threat of force to back its condemnation.
    (AP, 4/17/99)

1995        Apr 17, President Clinton signed an executive order stripping the classified label from most national security documents that were at least 25 years old.
    (AP, 4/17/00)
1995        Apr 17, An Air Force jet exploded and crashed in a wooded area in eastern Alabama, killing eight people, including an assistant Air Force secretary and a two-star general.
    (AP, 4/17/00)

1996        Apr 17, Seeking to calm Pacific security jitters, President Clinton and Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto signed a joint declaration establishing new U.S.-Japan ties for a "stable and prosperous" Asia.
    (AP, 4/17/97)
1996        Apr 17, A jury in Los Angeles opted to spare Erik and Lyle Menendez the death penalty, recommending that the brothers instead serve life in prison without parole for gunning down their wealthy parents.
    (AP, 4/17/97)
1996        Apr 17, Brazilian police killed 23 (19) workers who demanded land and injured 50 during a protest that blocked an Amazon highway in Eldorado dos Carajas. The governor of the Para state blamed Colonel Mario Pantoja and suspended him pending an inquiry. Local landowners reportedly paid Col. Pantoja $85,000 to eliminate 10 leaders of the Landless Rural Worker's Movement. Over 150 policemen were charged with murder. Trials of the policemen began in 1999. 2 officers were convicted of murder. 124 police officers were acquitted in 2002.
    (WSJ, 4/19/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 6/26/96, p.A8)(SFC, 7/31/97, p.A10)(SFC, 8/17/99, p.A8)(SFC, 8/20/99, p.D2)(AP, 6/13/02)

1997        Apr 17, House Speaker Newt Gingrich announced he would borrow $300,000 from retired Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole to pay a sanction imposed for violation of House rules.
    (AP, 4/17/98)
1997        Apr 17, The Red River in Fargo, North Dakota, was to have crested at 39.5 feet, surpassing the 1897 record. The Weather Service said that it crested on Apr 21 at 54.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.A3)(SFC, 4/21/97, p.A3)
1997        Apr 17, In Brazil some 1500 peasants marched 750 miles to Brasilia for land reform and were joined by some 25,000 trade-union members.
    (SFC, 4/18/97, p.A14)
1997        Apr 17, In Israel Chaim Herzog, former president (1983-1993), soldier, spymaster, barrister and author, died at age 78 in Tel Aviv. His books included “The War of Atonement," about the 1973 war, and “Israel’s Finest Hour," about the 1967 Six-Day war.
    (SFC, 4/18/97, p.E2)(AP, 4/17/98)(MC, 4/17/02)

1998        Apr 17, The space shuttle Columbia blasted off with 7 astronauts and a menagerie of creatures to test the effects of space travel on the nervous system.
    (SFC, 4/18/98, p.A3)
1998        Apr 17, Linda McCartney (56), wife of former Beatle Paul McCartney, died in Santa Barbara, Ca. Santa Barbara claimed no record and it was later determined that she died in Arizona.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A1)(SFC, 4/23/98, p.A1)(SFC, 4/24/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/19/99)
1998        Apr 17, In Columbia Maria Arango (60), human rights activist, was killed by multiple gunshots.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A8)
1998        Apr 17, In Germany Gerhard Schroeder was endorsed by the Social Democrats to run against Helmut Kohl in the Sep 27 elections.
    (SFC, 4/18/98, p.A10)
1998        Apr 17, In Russia the parliament rejected Yeltsin’s nomination of Sergei Kiriyenko for a 2nd time 271-115. Yeltsin immediately renominated Kiriyenko.
    (SFC, 4/18/98, p.A9)
1998        Apr 17, A Thai military team collected evidence from the body of Pol Pot, former chief of Cambodia's Khmer Rouge guerrillas, to confirm that one of the century's worst tyrants was truly dead.
    (AP, 4/17/99)

1999        Apr 17, The US launched the 505-foot Navy destroyer Winston S. Churchill at the Bath Iron Works in Maine.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A2)
1999        Apr 17, NATO forces launched the 25th night of bombing against Yugoslavia in the strongest attacks thus far. Gen. Wesley Clark, NATO's commander, warned Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic to change his policies in Kosovo or see his military machine destroyed.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A1)(AP, 4/17/00)   
1999        Apr 17, In London, England, [39] 48 people were injured by a nail bomb in a racially mixed neighborhood near Brixton Rd. and Electric Ave. This was the first of three bombs to explode in London within a two-week period. David Copeland (24) was convicted for the bombing in 2000.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A18)(SFC, 4/29/99, p.D3)(AP, 4/17/00)(SFC, 7/1/00, p.A14)
1999        Apr 17, In India the Hindu nationalist government lost a vote of confidence by one vote. Prime Minister Vajpayee gave his resignation to Pres. Narayanan but agreed to stay on until a new government was formed. Sonia Gandhi of the opposition Congress Party was to form the new government. Jayaram Jayalalitha of the All-India Anna Dravida Munetra Kazagham Party broke the coalition headed by the Bharatiya Janata Party.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A1,19)
1999        Apr 17, In Iraq US fighter planes bombed anti-aircraft sites in the northern no-fly zone.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A23)

2000        Apr 17, Elijah Lagat of Kenya won the 104th Boston Marathon. Catherine Ndereba of Kenya won the women’s race.
    (WSJ, 4/18/00, p.A1)(AP, 4/17/01)
2000        Apr 17, The Clinton administration approved the sale of upgraded missiles and a long-range radar system for Taiwan but not 4 hi-tech destroyers.
    (SFC, 4/18/00, p.A8)
2000        Apr 17, The IMF and World Bank ministers in Washington DC ended their meetings and pledged to speed debt relief to poor countries and to increase support for fighting AIDS. Police blocked all protestor attempts to disrupt the meetings.
    (SFC, 4/18/00, p.A1)(AP, 4/17/01)
2000        Apr 17, African nations agreed to a compromise on the trade of ivory. A ban on legal sales was restored until an effective system to combat poaching can be instituted.
    (SFC, 4/18/00, p.A9)
2000        Apr 17, In Spokane, Wa., Robert L. Yates Jr., a National Guardsman and the father of 5, was arrested for the murder of a 16-year-old prostitute and suspected in the murder of as many as 17 other slayings in Washington state.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A10)
2000        Apr 17, In Bolivia coca leaf farmers in the Yungas region scuffled with truckers in a protest against government plans to destroy illegal coca plantations.
    (SFC, 4/18/00, p.A10)
2000        Apr 17, In England Russia’s Pres. Putin met with Tony Blair and promised to implement economic reforms and root out corruption. Putin looked for closer ties with Europe despite differences over Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 4/18/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 17, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf rebels on Basilan Island threatened to kidnap and kill Americans if the US does not release the men convicted for bombing the World Trade Center in New York.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.T9)
2000        Apr 17, In Rwanda Paul Kagami was elected the country’s first Tutsi president.
    (SFC, 4/18/00, p.A9)

2001        Apr 17, San Francisco Giants slugger Barry Bonds became the 17th major leaguer ever to reach 500 career home runs.
    (AP, 4/17/02)
2001        Apr 17, US envoys arrived in China to resolved issues of the US spy plane collision with a Chinese jet.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A12)
2001        Apr 17, In Mississippi voters decided to keep the Confederate emblem on the state flag by a margin of 65 to 35%.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A3)
2001        Apr 17, Internet access ( to Ellis Island records became available.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A3)
2001        Apr 17, In Belgium a jury was selected for the trial of 4 Rwandans charged with the 1994 massacre of Tutsis.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A12)
2001        Apr 17, In Brazil a group of 20, who claimed to be armed with syringes of the AIDS virus, kidnapped 4 armored car workers and their families. The Proforte armored car company handed over $2.5 million the next day.
    (SFC, 4/19/01, p.A11)
2001        Apr 17, In Chechnya a herdsman, Khozh-Akmed Alsultanov (44) was killed with his 3 children in Nazran, an area surrounded by Russian forces.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A8)
2001        Apr 17, Israeli tanks, bulldozers and ground troops seized Palestinian territory but withdrew under US pressure after 18 hours.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 17, It was reported that the most recent harvest in North Korea was the worst since the famine of 1997 and that only two-thirds of the food it needs was produced. Dr. Vollertsen, a German physician who worked there for 18 months (1999-2000) wrote in an editorial: “Peasants, slaves to the regime, lead lives of utter destitution… North Korea suffers from society-wide fear and depression because of the cruel system… The people can’t help themselves, they are brainwashed, and too afraid to overthrow their rulers."
    (WSJ, 4/17/01, p.A14,20)
2001        Apr 17, In Vietnam Sec. Gen. Le Kha Phieu was removed from office by the 150-member Central Committee due to disenchantment with his conservative style. Nong Duc Manh of the ethnic Tay minority was expected to succeed.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A12)

2002        Apr 17, US District Judge Robert Jones upheld Oregon’s assisted-suicide law and said that Attorney General John Ashcroft should not “determine the legitimacy" of medical acts.
    (SFC, 4/18/02, p.A3)
2002        Apr 17, Colin Powell ended his Middle East mission and returned to the US. Pres. Mubarak cancelled their meeting in Cairo. Israel commemorated its independence. At least 3 Palestinians were killed by Israeli gunfire.
    (SFC, 4/18/02, p.A1,13)(USAT, 4/18/02, p.1A)
2002        Apr 17, The UN officially declared former guerrilla leader Xanana Gusmao as winner in East Timor’s 1st presidential elections.
    (SFC, 5/18/02, p.A15)
2002        Apr 17, The Madagascar Supreme Court annulled the disputed results of the Dec 16 presidential elections.
    (SFC, 4/18/02, p.A11)
2002        Apr 17, A huge Inca cemetery, active from 1480-1533, with some 2,200 mummies was reported to have been found under Puruchuco-Huaquerones, a Lima shantytown.
    (SFC, 4/18/02, p.A4)
2002        Apr 17, The Swiss government announced that the family of Sani Abacha will return $1 billion to Nigeria in an out-of-court settlement that allowed them keep $100 million.
    (SFC, 4/18/02, p.A11)
2002        Apr 17, Yugoslavia published a list of 23 people that it said should surrender or face arrest for Balkan war crimes.
    (SFC, 4/18/02, p.A11)

2003        Apr 17, Denver police reached an agreement with the ACLU to end the practice of keeping files on protesters.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A7)
2003        Apr 17, Bechtel was awarded a contract for up to $680 million to rebuild Iraqi infrastructure.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 17, It was reported that scientists had linked a single gene mutation to the Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome that makes children age prematurely.
    (SFC, 4/17/03, p.A8)
2003        Apr 17, Dr. Robert C. Atkins (72), cardiologist, died in NYC from a fall on ice. In 1972 he published his weight loss plan "Dr. Atkins' Diet Revolution," which allowed patients to eat fat but restricted carbohydrates. A medical report in 2004 said Atkins weighed 258 pounds at his death and that he had a history of congestive heart failure. Atkins weighed 195 pounds when he fell on ice, but gained some 63 pounds from fluids during efforts to revive him.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/10/04, p.D1)(WSJ, 2/13/04, p.B3)
2003        Apr 17, Sir William Gunn (89), a sheep farmer who took over his family's flock as a teenager and rose to become one of the most powerful men in Australian agriculture, died.
    (AP, 4/18/03)
2003        Apr 17, Sir J. Paul Getty Jr. (70), reclusive American-born billionaire philanthropist and art lover who became a British citizen late in life, died in London.
    (AP, 4/17/03)
2003        Apr 17, Graham Stuart Thomas (94), who reintroduced many forgotten plants to British and American gardens, died. His books included "Old Shrub Roses" and the meticulously illustrated "The Garden Through the Year."
    (AP, 4/28/03)
2003        Apr 17, In central Cuba a bus and a semi truck collided on a highway, killing at least 30 people and injuring 71.
    (AP, 4/17/03)
2003        Apr 17, John Latsis (b.1910), the last of Greece's shipping billionaires from the postwar boom years, died. His staggering wealth was used to aid the needy and gain access to world leaders.
    (AP, 4/17/03)(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A24)
2003        Apr 17, India reported it 1st case of SARS.
    (WSJ, 4/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 17, In the 30th day of Operation Iraqi Freedom American forces released more than 900 Iraqi prisoners, beginning the process of sorting through the thousands detained in the war. Coalition forces still held 6,850 prisoners. The Bush administration planned to send in a 1,000-man team to search for weapons of mass destruction. US Special Forces captured Barzan Ibrahim Hasan al-Tikriti (5 of clubs), a half brother of Saddam Hussein. He was 3rd the list of 55 former Iraqi officials wanted by the US. The US Mobile Exploitation Team Alpha (MET Alpha) found an Iraqi scientist who led them to sites that contained precursors for a banned toxic agent. A riot broke out at a Baghdad bank after thieves blew a hole in the vault and dropped children in to bring out fistfuls of cash. US troops calmed the situation by arresting the thieves and removed $4 million in US dollars for safekeeping.
    (AP, 4/17/03)(AP, 4/18/03)(WSJ, 4/17/03, p.A3)(SFC, 4/18/03, p.A12)(SFC, 4/21/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 17, The Ivory Coast new unity government held its first Cabinet meeting with newly sworn-in rebel ministers, even as the rebels accused the government of new attacks.
    (AP, 4/17/03)
2003        Apr 17, A Dutch veterinarian (57) died from avian influenza 2 days after working on a farm where animals were infected with the bird flu. He was believed to be the 1st victim of the current epidemic.
    (WSJ, 4/21/03, p.A10)
2003        Apr 17, Sergei Yushenkov (52), co-chairman of the Liberal Russia Party, was shot to death in front of his home in Moscow.
    (SFC, 4/18/03, p.A6)
2003        Apr 17, Rafiq Jwaijatti (81), a former Syrian ambassador to the US and a renowned Syrian literary figure, died in Paris.
    (AP, 4/19/03)

2004        Apr 17, The body of University of North Dakota student Dru Sjodin (22) was found in a ravine northwest of Crookston, Minn. She was last seen Nov 22 at the Grand Forks, ND, mall, where she worked. Alfonso Rodriquez was arrested in Dec. and investigators matched DNA in blood in his car to Sjodin.
    (AP, 4/18/04)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A13)
2004        Apr 17, In southern Pakistan assailants opened fire on a vehicle, killing four Afghans and wounding another person.
    (AP, 4/17/04)
2004        Apr 17, Soundarya (32), an Indian movie star, and three other people were killed when their plane crashed in southern India minutes after takeoff.
    (AP, 4/17/04)
2004        Apr 17, Ten U.S. troops were killed in combat across Iraq, including five U.S. Marines killed in pitched battles near the Syrian border, and an eleventh soldier died in a tank rollover.
    (AP, 4/19/04)
2004        Apr 17, Iraqi gunmen opened fire on a coalition military patrol outside of the encircled southern city of Najaf, killing one soldier. 2 gunmen were killed.
    (AP, 4/17/04)
2004        Apr 17, Sgt. Maj. Ahmed Mustafa Ibrahim Ali, a Jordanian policeman, shot into a group of U.N. police officers in a prison compound in Kosovo. Two Americans and the Jordanian assailant were killed. 10 U.S. officers and an Austrian were wounded in the gunbattle.
    (AP, 4/18/04)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A14)
2004        Apr 17, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at an industrial zone between Israel and Gaza, wounding four Israeli security workers.
    (AP, 4/17/04)
2004        Apr 17, An Israeli missile strike came 4 hours after a suicide bombing and killed Hamas leader Abdel Aziz Rantisi (56) as he rode in his car in Gaza City. The dead included Akram Nassar (35) Rantisi's personal bodyguard and his son Mohammed (27).
    (AP, 4/17/04)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 17, In Slovakia Ivan Gasparovic (63), an ex-chairman of parliament previously loyal to ex-PM Vladimir Meciar (61), won a presidential runoff against Meciar with 59.91 percent of the vote. The turnout was 43.5%.
    (AP, 4/18/04)(Econ, 4/24/04, p.49)

2005        Apr 17, In Washington concern that rising oil prices could harm the global economy dominated weekend meetings of world finance ministers (G-7) and central bankers.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Registered sex offender David Lee Onstott was charged with first-degree murder in the death of Sarah Michelle Lunde, the 13-year-old Florida girl whose body had been found the day before.
    (AP, 4/17/06)
2005        Apr 17, In Colombia FARC rebels with homemade rockets attacked Toribio, the same town they bombarded three days earlier, killing at least one police officer.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 17, Millions of Cubans elected municipal assemblies across the communist-run island Sunday in local elections Pres. Castro defended as "the most democratic in the world."
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Mehmet Ali Talat (53) captured 56% of the vote for the presidency of the breakaway Turkish Cypriot state, replacing its 81-year-old founder, Rauf Denktash. Talat pledged to work to reunite this divided Mediterranean island and restart peace talks with Greek Cypriots following a resounding win he labeled "a silent revolution."
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 17, Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak and Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi discussed joint projects to allow their respective countries to benefit from the waters of the Nile River.
    (AFP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Egypt's Interior Ministry identified 4 men it accused of training a bomber who killed three tourists and himself in a Cairo bazaar.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, The leaders of India and Pakistan agreed to work to roll back their military deployments on a Himalayan glacier that is claimed by both countries and believed to be the world's highest battlefield, concluding the first day of talks intended to push forward a 15-month-old peace process.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, In Indonesia authorities arrested 9 young Australians, the Bali Nine, for trying to smuggle 8.3 kg of heroin to Australia. In Feb, 2006, 2 of the 9 were sentenced to death and the rest to life in prison. An appeal by 4 sentenced to prison led to a change in their sentences to death. In 2008 three of the convicted Australians had their death sentences reduced to life imprisonment. In 2011 Australian drug smuggler Scott Rush (24) won an appeal reducing his death sentence to life imprisonment.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, p.52)(, 3/6/08)(AP, 5/10/11)
2005        Apr 17, Iraqi security forces raided a town in central Iraq where Sunni militants were holding dozens of Shiite Muslims hostage and threatening to kill them. 3 American soldiers were killed and 7 service members wounded overnight when insurgents fired mortar rounds at a US Marine base near Ramadi.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Israel's Cabinet unanimously approved the release of nine Jordanian prisoners.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Israeli defense industry executives said the US has frozen Israel out of the development of a prestigious jet fighter as punishment for its military cooperation with China.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, Armed Palestinian militants shut down a government building in the West Bank and threatened to kill members of the Palestinian parliament, demanding the Palestinian Authority provide jobs to former prisoners and to relatives of people killed in fighting.
    (AP, 4/17/05)
2005        Apr 17, In northern Spain the Basque region's ruling nationalists faced a test of their drive to secure more autonomy as elections got under way. The Basque Nationalist Party (PNV), led by Juan Jose Ibarretxe, lost 4 seats.
    (AP, 4/17/05)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.51)
2005        Apr 17, A Swiss tourist bus carrying 27 people plunged into an Alpine ravine near the Great St. Bernard Pass, and at least 100 rescuers descended to the wreck on ropes to try to aid the injured. 12 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/17/05)(AP, 4/17/06)

2006        Apr 17, In the Boston Marathon was won by Kenyan Robert Cheruiyot in a record time of 2:07:14. Rita Jeptoo of Kenya won among the women in 2:23:38.
    (WSJ, 4/18/06, p.A1)(AP, 4/17/07)
2006        Apr 17, In California Gov. Schwarzenegger signed a law mandating names-based reporting of HIV cases.
    (SSFC, 4/23/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 17, Georgia's Gov. Sonny Perdue signed a sweeping immigration bill that supporters and critics say gives the state some of the toughest measures against illegal immigrants in the nation.
    (AP, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 17, In Chicago a jury convicted former Gov. George Ryan of steering state contracts and leases to political insiders during his term as secretary of state in the 1990s and then governor for one term. He was later sentenced to 6 1/2 years in prison,
    (SFC, 4/118/06, p.A5)(AP, 4/17/07)
2006        Apr 17, Oil closed at a record $70.40 per barrel in NY trading. This was the 1st time it had closed above $70 in NY.
    (SFC, 4/18/06, p.D1)
2006        Apr 17, Afghan and US soldiers killed five militants during Operation Mountain Lion targeting Taliban and al-Qaida fighters in a volatile eastern region near Pakistan. Some 6,000 mainly British, Canadian and Dutch troops have started moving into the rebellious southern provinces.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 17, Jean Bernard (b.1907), French doctor, died. His research on blood disease helped to found the discipline of hematology.
    (AP, 4/21/06)
2006        Apr 17, In central Iraq a car apparently driven by a suicide bomber exploded in front of a US observation post. At least one civilian was killed and seven wounded in a gunbattle between insurgents and the Iraqi army in northern Baghdad. Police recovered 17 bullet-riddled bodies in Baghdad as rebels killed nine people in fresh attacks across the country. At least 5 insurgents were killed and two Iraqi troops wounded in fighting. The body of Taha al-Mutlaq, the brother of the Iraqi Front for National Dialogue leader, was discovered in a Shiite area of western Baghdad. He had disappeared last month en route to Salahuddin province north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/17/06)(AFP, 4/17/06)(AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 17, Israeli soldiers holed up in a home in Nablus opened fire on stone-throwing protesters outside the building, wounding two people, including a 13-year-old boy. Sami Hammad, a Palestinian suicide bomber, blew himself up outside a fast-food restaurant in Tel Aviv during the Passover holiday, killing 9 other people and wounding at least 49 in the deadliest Palestinian attack in more than a year. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility. Daniel Wultz (16) of Florida was among 11 people killed in the restaurant attack. In 2012 an Israeli advocacy group won a $323 million judgement in US court against Iran and Syria for supporting Palestinian militants involved in the attack.
    (AP, 4/17/06)(SFC, 4/18/06, p.A1)(Econ, 4/22/06, p.47)(SFC, 5/16/12, p.A2)
2006        Apr 17, In Indian Kashmir 2 guards were killed and a politician injured in a gun attack by suspected Islamic militants. The army announced it had arrested 10 rebels and killed two others.
    (AFP, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 17, In Mexico an overcrowded bus speeding home from a religious festival veered off a highway emergency ramp and crashed through a metal barrier, plunging more than 650 feet into a ravine near Maltrata, a town about 125 miles east of the capital. 58 people were killed. There were 2 survivors.
    (AP, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 17, In Nepal security forces in a southern town shot into a crowd marching on the main highway to protest the royal dictatorship, killing one and wounding five. Nepal deployed the army to ensure that food reaches the capital and threatened to impose a new state of emergency, the 12th day of a strike in which neither the king nor opposition is backing down.
    (AP, 4/17/06)(AFP, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 17, In central Peru a passenger bus tumbled off a mountain road and came to rest in a gorge, killing at least 25 people on board in Jaucan district.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 17, Qatar said it would give the Palestinian government $50 million in aid to help make up for a shortfall after the US and the EU cut off funding.
    (AP, 4/17/06)
2006        Apr 17, Somalia granted the US Navy permission to patrol coastal waters to combat piracy.
    (WSJ, 4/18/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 17, In northern Sri Lanka land mines blasts in killed 4 soldiers and 2 Tamil Tiger rebels, raising the death toll from a week of bloody unrest to at least 50.
    (AP, 4/17/06)

2007        Apr 17, A new survey said US household with a net worth of $5 million, excluding primary home, totaled one million in 2006, up from 250,000 in 1996.
    (WSJ, 4/18/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 17, In Maryland a wall collapsed at the Tri-Star Mining open pit coal mine near Barton. 2 miners were killed.
    (SFC, 4/21/07, p.A3)
2007        Apr 17, Actress Kitty Carlisle Hart died in New York at age 96.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2007        Apr 17, US Marine Gen. Peter Pace said US-led coalition forces in southern Afghanistan recently intercepted Iranian-made weapons that were being shipped to Taliban fighters. A roadside bomb hit a United Nations vehicle in southern Afghanistan's main city, killing four Nepalese guards and an Afghan driver. An old artillery shell exploded outside a school compound in the western city of Herat, killing four children and wounding five others. Afghan troops searched a compound and discovered 18 rocket propelled grenades and 27 AK-47 weapons. The compound's guard later confessed that he commanded more than 100 Taliban fighters.
    (AP, 4/17/07)(SFC, 4/18/07, p.A9)(AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 17, Argentina said will not send former junta leader Jorge Videla to Germany to face charges in the March, 1977, abduction and murder of activist Elisabeth Kaesemann, a German woman, during the Dirty War. Her bullet-riddled body was later found dumped on the outskirts of Buenos Aires.
    (AP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 17, Australian officials said that the US and Australia signed an agreement last week to exchange a few hundred refugees held at island detention camps in an effort by both governments to discourage future asylum seekers.
    (Reuters, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 17, In Brazil shootouts involving drug gangs and police in Rio left at least 20 alleged gang members dead.
    (AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 17, The British pound broke through the $2 mark for the first time in nearly 15 years after new data showed an unexpected surge in inflation, prompting speculation of interest rate increases.
    (AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 17, Canada’s Parliament passed a law that will force striking workers at Canadian National Railway to return to the job.
    (Reuters, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 17, In China state media said Ablikim Abdureyim, the son of a prominent US-based Chinese Muslim activist, was sentenced in Urumqi, capital of the Muslim Xinjiang region, to nine years in prison on subversion charges. Abdureyim's mother, Rebiya Kadeer, once was one of China's most prominent businesswomen. She was detained in 1999 and sentenced to 8 years in prison on charges of endangering state security but was allowed to leave for the United States in 2005.
    (AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 17, Egypt launched EgyptSat 1, its first remote sounding satellite, from Baikonur Cosmodrome. The spacecraft was jointly developed by Egypt's National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences and the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau in Ukraine. Israeli officials suspected it to be a spy satellite. In 2010 ground-controllers lost it.
    (, 10/30/10, p.50)
2007        Apr 17, Guinea-Bissau's new PM Martinho Ndafa Cabi announced an opposition-dominated government after being chosen to lead the poor west African nation following a political crisis.
    (AFP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 17, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Malaki said his government was talking with militant groups to try to stop the violence. Abu Omar al-Baghdadi, a top insurgent leader, boasted that his al-Qaida-linked group was now making its own rockets, posting the claim in an audiotape online. Al-Baghdadi's group posted a Web statement saying its religious court had condemned 20 kidnapped Iraqi soldiers to death. The deputy chief of Mosul police was killed in a drive-by shooting along with two of his guards. In Ramadi police uncovered 17 decomposing corpses beneath two school yards. More than 100 bodies turned up across Iraq.
    (AP, 4/17/07)(AP, 4/18/07)(WSJ, 4/18/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 17, Israel's Shin Bet security agency said that it has broken up an Iranian plot to recruit Israelis of Iranian origin as spies, part of what it says is a burgeoning Iranian intelligence operation against the Jewish state. Israeli troops shot and killed a Palestinian militant near Jenin. Four Israelis were shot and wounded as they were driving near the West Bank Jewish settlement of Naaleh.
    (AP, 4/17/07)
2007        Apr 17, In Rome a US soldier went on trial in absentia for the shooting death of Italian intelligence agent Nicola Calipari at an Iraqi checkpoint in March 2005. However, a court later threw out the proceedings against Spc. Mario Lozano, saying Italy had no jurisdiction.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2007        Apr 17, In Japan the mayor of Nagasaki was shot outside a train station and is in critical condition. Police arrested Tetsuya Shiroo (59), who they said was the head of a local gang affiliated with Japan's largest "yakuza" group, the Yamaguchi-gumi. Mayor Itcho Ito (61) died the next day. The gangster arrested in the shooting had visited city offices more than 30 times seeking compensation for car damage caused by a pothole. In 2008 Shiroo was convicted and sentenced to death for the murder.
    (AP, 4/17/07)(Reuters, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/19/07)(AP, 5/26/08)
2007        Apr 17, Nigeria's electoral commission said it would comply with a Supreme Court ruling that the vice president be placed on the ballot for this weekend's presidential elections, as sporadic violence was reported around the country. 18 Nigerian opposition parties threatened to boycott the presidential and legislative elections if the April 14 regional polls were not cancelled. 12 Nigerian police were killed when an unknown armed group stormed their station in the northern city of Kano.
    (AP, 4/17/07)(AFP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 17, Pakistan executed four brothers convicted of killing 13 of their relatives in a feud over land. A video began circulating showing the grisly death of Ghulam Nabi, a Pakistani militant accused of betraying a top Taliban official who was killed in a December airstrike in Afghanistan. The video showed a boy about 12 hacking off the head of Nabi.
    (AP, 4/17/07)(AP, 4/21/07)
2007        Apr 17, Sri Lankan authorities have issued a death threat against Champika Liyanaarachchi, a newspaper editor for reporting on military excesses and human rights abuses.
    (AFP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 17, State radio said Zimbabwe has deregistered all non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and told them to submit new applications to try to weed out groups it says are trying to oust President Robert Mugabe.
    (AP, 4/17/07)

2008        Apr 17, The May contract for light sweet crude oil hit a trading record of $115.54 as the dollar fell to a new low against the euro.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 17, In Fresno, Ca., Jesus Carrizales (17), a Roosevelt High School sophomore, attacked a campus police officer with a baseball bat. Officer Junus Perry received a 2-inch gash in the head before shooting and killing Carrizales.
    (SFC, 4/18/08, p.B14)
2008        Apr 17, George P. Cressman (b.1919) former head of the US National Weather Service (1965-1979), died. Under his tenure the agency bulked up its computers and data collection and began issuing predictions for an entire week’s worth of weather.
    (WSJ, 5/10/08, p.A8)
2008        Apr 17, Danny Federici (58), the longtime keyboard player for Bruce Springsteen, died. His stylish work helped define the E Street Band's sound on hits from "Hungry Heart" through "The Rising."
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 17, Afghan and foreign troops battled militants who ambushed their patrol in central Ghazni province, leaving nine Taliban fighters dead. A suicide attack in front of a mosque in Nimroz province killed 16 people and wounded over 30.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(SFC, 4/18/08, p.A15)
2008        Apr 17, In Burundi suspected rebels attacked the capital, Bujumbura. A series of attacks killed at least 17 people.
    (AP, 4/18/08)(WSJ, 4/19/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 17, Retired Gen. Manuel Contreras (78), former chief of Chile's secret police force, was sentenced to 15 years in prison for the disappearance of a dissident during the dictatorship of the late Gen. Augusto Pinochet.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, In Egypt former President Carter met with a Hamas delegation from Gaza, part of a series of talks with the Islamic militant group that has drawn sharp criticism from US and Israeli officials.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, A renegade group of Gibraltar's Barbary apes has annoyed residents so much that authorities announced plans to kill them.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17,     India's central bank tightened monetary policy to fight high inflation, raising by half a percentage point the amount of cash commercial banks must keep in reserve.
    (AFP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, In India runners carried the Olympic flame along a heavily guarded route through central New Delhi, protected by about 15,000 police who kept Tibetan exiles and other anti-China protesters from disrupting the ceremony. Tens of thousands of pro-Tibetan demonstrators gathered across India to protest the torch relay.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(SFC, 4/18/08, p.A16)
2008        Apr 17,     A suicide bomber struck the funeral of two anti-al-Qaida Sunni tribesmen in a town north of Baghdad, killing at least 50 people and wounding dozens. An unmanned drone killed two gunmen in Baghdad's Sadr City district.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, In Italy     Silvio Berlusconi returned to the world diplomatic stage by hosting Russian President Vladimir Putin at his villa in Sardinia. The event lost some of its luster when Putin was forced, before the glare of television cameras, to deny reports he had secretly divorced his wife and planned to marry an Olympic gymnast.
    (Reuters, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 17, In Japan Buddhist Monks at the ancient Zenkoji Temple decided to pull out of hosting an April 26 ceremony for the protest-marred Olympic torch relay because of China's crackdown in Tibet, as visiting Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi rebuffed Japanese pressure over Tibet, reiterating that Beijing sees it as an internal matter.
    (AFP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 17, Russian President Vladimir Putin wrapped up his two-day visit with Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi by writing off $4.5 billion in Libyan debts in exchange for multibillion-dollar deals for Russian companies.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17,     Gaza militants who tried to carry out a new attack on a border crossing were stopped by Israeli troops. One was killed, another was wounded and a third fled the scene. Israeli troops surrounded a militant hideout in the town of Qabatiya, and exchanged fire for about an hour with two Islamic Jihad militants inside, before shooting them dead.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17,     Aime Cesaire (b.1913), a Martinique poet honored throughout the French-speaking world and a crusader for West Indian rights, died.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, Chief Juan Muniz, the Mexican police chief of the border city of Reynosa, was arrested for allegedly protecting members of the Gulf drug cartel.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, Former Roman Catholic Bishop Fernando Lugo asked thousands of supporters at his final campaign rally to help him end 61 years of one-party rule in Paraguay and to build a new nation for the poor and indigenous.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, A government spokesman said South Africa has waived Cuban debt totaling more than 100 million dollars.
    (AFP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17,     In South Korea special prosecutors indicted Chairman Lee Kun-hee, the chairman of Samsung Group, on charges of tax evasion and breach of trust, ending a probe that shook South Korea's biggest conglomerate for months. A South Korean court sentenced Kim Kyung-jun, a former business partner of President Lee Myung-bak, to 10 years in prison for stock manipulation, embezzlement and forgery. Chairman Lee Kun-hee was ordered to pay $40 million in taxes and $95.6 billion in fines. A 3-year prison sentence was suspended.
    (AP, 4/17/08)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.74)
2008        Apr 17, In Spain a bomb exploded in the offices of the governing Socialist party in the northern Basque city of Bilbao, injuring seven police officers.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17, Umeaa University said the world's oldest living tree on record is a 9,550 year-old spruce discovered in central Sweden. That would mean it had taken root in roughly the year 7,542 BC.
    (AP, 4/17/08)
2008        Apr 17,     Zimbabwe's government accused opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai of treason by plotting with former colonial power Britain to oust veteran President Robert Mugabe. G8 foreign ministers called for the swift release of the results of Zimbabwe's disputed presidential polls, condemning recent violence there.
    (AFP, 4/17/08)

2009        Apr 17, The US EPA declared that greenhouse gases endanger public health paving the way for new federal regulations on pollutants. The Obama administration declared that carbon dioxide and 5 other industrial emissions threaten the planet.
    (SFC, 4/18/09, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/18/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 17, A US federal judge sentenced John Philip Hernandez of Houston to 8 years in prison for buying military-style firearms and that ended up in the hands of Mexico’s drug cartels. Prosecutors said Hernandez led a group that purchased 339 weapons over 15 months.
    (SFC, 4/18/09, p.A4)
2009        Apr 17, California received a windfall of over $3 billion for its schools and universities from the federal stimulus package, becoming the first state to receive an infusion of cash meant to stop a downward spiral in public education.
    (SFC, 4/18/09, p.B1)
2009        Apr 17, Great Basin Bank of Elko, Nevada, became the 25th US bank to fail this year.
    (Econ, 4/25/09, p.79)(
2009        Apr 17, In Maine Laureen Rugen (50) was sentenced to 7 months in jail for stabbing her husband (61) over 25 times. She had suffered physical, emotional and sexual abuse over two decades and pleaded guilty to manslaughter.
    (SFC, 4/18/09, p.A4)
2009        Apr 17, In Afghanistan two earthquakes shook eastern Nangarhar province, collapsing mud-brick homes on top of villagers while they slept and killing at least 21 people. Two suicide bombers on foot tried to attack the office of the minister of refugees in southern Nimroz province. Guards shot and killed one bomber at the scene of the attempted attack. While fleeing the 2nd bomber detonated his explosives, killing 3 civilians. A Norwegian intelligence officer serving with the nation's peacekeeping force was killed by a roadside bomb near the northern city of Maymana.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, Australia's PM Rudd denounced people smugglers who set hopeful refugees adrift in rickety boats as "scum" and pledged to step up efforts to thwart them, after one vessel exploded at sea and killed three people.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, Australia revealed plans to introduce national arson laws with a maximum penalty of 25 years behind bars in the wake of deadly wildfires that claimed 173 lives.
    (AFP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, In Burkina Faso a meeting of economy and finance ministers of 14 African nations, all using a common currency that was pegged to the French franc, started with a French call to African nations to boost public spending.
    (AFP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, Canadian police, acting on a tip-off from the United States, charged a Toronto man with trying to illegally export nuclear technology to Iran. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police said Mahmoud Yadegari had attempted to obtain pressure transducers, devices that are used to make enriched uranium but can also have military applications.
    (Reuters, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, President Francois Bozize of the Central African Republic accused some officials in his Kwa na Kwa Convergence party of racketeering to obtain funds and pledged a personal crackdown.
    (AFP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, In central China a warehouse explosion reportedly killed 18 people and injured three at an illegal coal mine in Hunan province. State television reported that six people were injured in the blast with 2 missing.
    (AP, 4/18/09)
2009        Apr 17, Mohammed Zuhair Siddiq, purported Syrian intelligence officer and one of the suspects in the 2005 assassination of a former Lebanese prime minister, was arrested in Dubai. He was arrested in France in October 2005 as a suspect in the murder, but disappeared from house arrest in France in March, 2008.
    (AP, 4/20/09)
2009        Apr 17, Five of Germany's leading Internet providers agreed to block access to sites identified by national criminal investigators as hosting child pornography, as authorities reported the breakup of an international ring.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, In Iraq mortar rounds killed at least 4 people in the Shiite Jisr Diyala district south of Baghdad.
    (SFC, 4/18/09, p.A2)
2009        Apr 17, In Mexico gunmen over the last 24 hours killed 12 people in different parts of Michoacan state, including three men who were beheaded. Authorities in Piedras Negras, in Coahuila state, bordering Texas, found the body of a man whose fingers had been cut off. Assailants stuck one finger in the man's mouth and cut out his tongue. Two buses collided head-on in the southern state of Chiapas, killing at least 19 people.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, In Norway a $225 million fund to provide low-price anti-malaria medicine around the world was launched in Oslo to fight a disease that kills 2,000 children a day.
    (AP, 4/18/09)
2009        Apr 17, International donors, led by the US and Japan, pledged more than $5 billion to stabilize Pakistan's troubled economy and fight the spread of terrorism in the Islamic nation and neighboring Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, In Pakistan Maulana Abdul Aziz, the newly released leader of the radical Red Mosque, called for the enforcement of Islamic law across the militancy-plagued country during his defiant return to his prayer hall, where at least 100 died when Pakistani troops stormed the complex in 2007.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, Pakistan was stripped of its 2011 World Cup matches by the International Cricket Council. Growing security concerns cast the country firmly into the sporting wilderness.
    (AFP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, A Palestinian wielding a knife was shot and killed by Jewish settlers after he tried to attack residents of a West Bank settlement. Israeli troops killed a Palestinian during a protest against Israel's separation barrier. The military said protesters threw stones and other objects at security forces during a West Bank demonstration in town of Bilin. Abu Rahmeh (31) was killed when he was hit in the chest by a tear gas canister. On March 31, 2010, the Israeli military said it closed an investigation after determining the canister was not intentionally aimed at Abu Rahmeh.
    (AP, 4/17/09)(AP, 4/1/10)
2009        Apr 17, In Russia the Sochi Elections Commission decided to strike billionaire and Russian government critic Alexander Lebedev from the ballot, after an appeals court a day earlier upheld a ruling that he had misfiled financial statements when registering his candidacy last month.
    (AP, 4/18/09)
2009        Apr 17, A Swedish court found four men guilty of promoting copyright infringement by running The Pirate Bay, one of the world's top illegal file-sharing websites, sentencing them to a year in prison in a landmark ruling.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, In Thailand the founder of the “yellow shirt" protest movement that shut down Bangkok's airports last year was shot and wounded in a possible assassination attempt, just days after troops quelled rioting by a rival, anti-government group. Sondhi Limthongkul, a media tycoon and supporter of the current government, was in stable condition after surgery that removed "small pieces of bullet" from his skull.
    (AP, 4/17/09)
2009        Apr 17, The Vatican said it will spend $660 million to build the biggest solar plant in Europe on 740 acres of pasture land it owns north of Rome.
    (SFC, 4/18/09, p.C1)
2009        Apr 17, Zimbabwe deputy prime minister Arthur Mutambara vowed to act against illegal farm invasions amid claims that a top lawmaker and Pres. Mugabe ally was behind a fresh seizure. Mugabe made a new call for western nations to lift sanctions and prodded his unity government partners to join his campaigning against them.
    (AFP, 4/17/09)

2010        Apr 17, In southern Afghanistan a NATO solider was killed by a roadside bomb. 2 Dutch marines were killed in southern Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 17, Cuban tobacco grower Alejandro Robaina (b.1919), an international symbol of the island's cigar-making prowess, died.
    (AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 17, Ecuador’s President Rafael Correa said Ecuador will move to take over the operations of foreign oil companies in the country unless they sign new contracts agreeing to increased state control over the sector.
    (Reuters, 4/17/10)
2010        Apr 17, A lingering volcanic ash plume forced extended no-fly restrictions over much of Europe, as Icelandic scientists warned that volcanic activity had increased and showed no sign of abating, a portent of more travel chaos to come. Nearly 17,000 flights to and from Europe were cancelled out of about 22,000 on a normal day.
    (AP, 4/17/10)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.63)
2010        Apr 17, In northern Iraq an American soldier was killed and 3 others were wounded in a helicopter crash near Tikrit.
    (AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 17, In northern Myanmar a series of bombs exploded at a controversial hydropower project site being jointly built by a Chinese company.
    (Reuters, 4/17/10)
2010        Apr 17, In Nigeria at least five people were killed and several wounded when two oil tankers collided and burst into flames in southwest Ogun state.
    (AFP, 4/17/10)
2010        Apr 17, In northwest Pakistan 2 suicide bombers dressed in burqas struck a crowd of displaced people collecting aid handouts, killing 42 people and wounding more than 60 at the Kacha Pukha camp on the outskirts of the garrison city of Kohat.
    (AFP, 4/17/10)(AFP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 17, Hamas and Fatah closed ranks to mark Palestinian Prisoners' Day to protest against Israel for continuing to keep some 6,600 Palestinian militants in jail. This was the first joint initiative by the bitter rivals since Fatah was routed from Gaza in 2007.
    (AFP, 4/17/10)(Econ, 5/1/10, p.48)
2010        Apr 17, International monitors said that Sudan's first multiparty elections in more than two decades failed to meet international standards, an assessment that diminishes hopes the voting would set the nation on the road to peace and democracy. Preliminary results from the presidential race showed incumbent Omar al-Bashir had won between 88% and 94% of votes counted after his most credible challengers dropped out of the race in protest.
    (AP, 4/17/10)
2010        Apr 17, Yemeni authorities arrested three alleged Al-Qaeda members accused of killing two policemen and blowing up an official's vehicle in the southern province of Abyan.
    (AFP, 4/21/10)

2011        Apr 17, The US government said air traffic controllers would have more time to rest between shifts under new work rules announced today, while Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood made clear he won't tolerate sleeping on duty despite studies and expert recommendations that suggest scheduled shut-eye can help combat fatigue.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, A furious storm system that kicked up tornadoes, flash floods and hail as big as softballs has left at least 45 people dead on a rampage that stretched for days as it barreled from Oklahoma to North Carolina and Virginia. 11 people were confirmed dead in Bertie County, NC, bringing the state's death toll to at least 18 people. Authorities have said 7 died in Arkansas; 7 in Alabama; 2 in Oklahoma; one in Mississippi and at least 5 in Virginia.
    (AP, 4/17/11)(AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 17, The Bahrain News Agency said 111 employees of the Education Ministry had been punished for participating in the street marches and strikes last month.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In China 47 members of the underground Shouwang church were detained in Beijing. Its leaders were kept under house arrest as part of a crackdown on the unregistered congregation. Tensions had escalated earlier this month when the church was evicted from its usual rented place of worship.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In southern China violent thunderstorms have lashed parts of the industrial heartland of Guangdong province, leaving 18 people dead and scores injured.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 17, Egypt put two former top ministers on trial, widening a crackdown on graft as the ruling generals seek to show their seriousness about ending the corruption that led to President Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
    (Reuters, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Finns turned out in droves for a parliamentary vote marked by the meteoric rise of the nationalist True Finns party, which could tip the political scale to the right and even block Finnish approval of EU bailouts. The pro-EU conservative National Coalition Party topped the vote with 44 seats but the coalition it previously belonged to no longer held a parliamentary majority. As a result, the party is expected to begin difficult negotiations on forming a new government with at least one euroskeptic party. The nationalist True Finns gained 33 seats to 39 vs 42 for the Social Democrats.
    (AFP, 4/17/11)(AP, 4/18/11)(SFC, 4/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 17, A train carrying Tunisian immigrants from Italy was halted at the French border in an escalation of an international dispute over the fate of North African migrants fleeing political unrest for refuge in Europe, unprecedented since the introduction of the Schengen travel-free zone.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev became the first Kremlin chief to tour Hong Kong, seeking fresh investment as aides and executives signaled a rise in Russian listings in the city.
    (AFP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In India 180 people from 19 countries began the Rickshaw Run, a more than 3,000-mile (5,000-km) ride that was part of a five-year-old charity event.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Iran’s Kayhan daily reported that an Iranian military commander has accused German engineering company Siemens of helping the United States and Israel launch the Stuxnet virus, a cyber attack on its nuclear facilities.
    (Reuters, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Iraqi police opened fire on stone-throwing crowds protesting corruption in the northern Kurdish region. At least 35 people were wounded.
    (SFC, 4/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 17, TEPCO, the operator of Japan's crippled nuclear plant, laid out a blueprint for stopping radiation leaks and stabilizing damaged reactors within the next six to nine months as a first step toward allowing some of the tens of thousands of evacuees to return to the area.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, Libyan rebels came under fire on the outskirts of Ajdabiyah, hemming them in to their eastern outpost and denting their hopes of pushing west to try to end a stalemate in the war. Gaddafi's forces shelled Misrata again killing 17 people. The UN reached an agreement with the Libyan government to provide humanitarian aid in Tripoli.
    (AP, 4/17/11)(AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 17, Israel announced the arrests of two Palestinian teenagers in the deadly March 11 stabbings of a West Bank settler family. Hakim Awad (17) was arrested on April 5, and Amjad Awad (18), taken into custody on April 10. They said they are cousins, and that five other Palestinians have been arrested as suspected accomplices.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In Mexico the Tamaulipas state governor replaced his public security chief after 145 bodies showed up in mass graves in the violent border state in the last two weeks.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In Nigeria President Goodluck Jonathan took what appeared to be an unassailable lead as votes were tallied from around the country, despite a strong showing by rival Muhammadu Buhari in his mainly-Muslim strongholds. Rioting began in the Muslim north as early results showed Jonathan in the lead. Christians retaliated and the violence over the next few days left at least 70 people dead.
    (Reuters, 4/17/11)(SFC, 4/21/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 17, In northwest Pakistan the bodies of eight young men were found dumped in a ditch in Attock.
    (AP, 4/17/11)
2011        Apr 17, In southern Syria thousands of people waving flags and shouting "We Want Freedom!" took to the streets, a day after President Bashar Assad promised to end nearly 50 years of emergency rule in an attempt to quell the growing uprising. Security forces opened fire on crowds challenging authoritarian rule. 20 people were killed in Homs and 2 in Latakia.
    (AP, 4/17/11)(AP, 4/18/11)(SFC, 4/19/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 17, In Yemen hundreds of thousands of people demonstrated in cities across the country, denouncing embattled President Ali Abdullah Saleh and his remarks against women taking part in protest rallies.
    (AP, 4/17/11)

2012        Apr 17, In California the body of Brittany Dawn Killgore (22) was found near Lake Skinner in Riverside County. The Marine’s wife had disappeared a week earlier.
    (SFC, 4/19/12, p.A5)
2012        Apr 17, Amanda Clayton (25) of Michigan was charged with welfare fraud. She had kept receiving food stamps after winning a $735,000 lottery jackpot.
    (SFC, 4/18/12, p.A6)
2012        Apr 17, In Texas a newborn boy was abducted from Kayla Marie Golden (28), his dying mother, after she was repeatedly shot outside a suburban Houston pediatric center. The suspected female shooter sped off with a man and the infant in a blood-stained Lexus. Verna McClain (30) was arrested hour later and confessed to killing Golden.
    (AP, 4/17/12)(SFC, 4/19/12, p.A5)
2012        Apr 17, Afghan President Hamid Karzai said he wanted "at least $2 billion" a year from the United States after it withdraws its troops in 2014. Karzai said the US should specify in a partnership agreement to be signed between his country and the US how much money it will give to Afghanistan after they leave.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, The African Union suspended Guinea-Bissau's membership after a coup and the arrests of top officials.
    (AFP, 4/16/12)
2012        Apr 17, Australia said it will bring its troops home from Afghanistan a year earlier than planned with most soldiers withdrawn in 2013 after significant security gains over the past 18 months.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, In Bangladesh opposition politician Elias Ali (50) and his driver were abducted as they returned home from meeting supporters at a hotel.
    (AP, 5/9/12)
2012        Apr 17, Bangladesh customs agents seized more than 400 tortoises being smuggled in three suitcases through the country's main airport on their way to Bangkok. Two Indian citizens were arrested in connection with the seizure.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, British authorities arrested radical Islamist cleric Abu Qatada (51), who is accused of ties to late Al-Qaeda chief Osama Bin Laden, as they resumed efforts to deport him to Jordan. The UK government has been trying to extradite the Jordanian since 2005 arguing that he is a threat to national security. He was convicted in Jordan in absentia of involvement in terror attacks in 1998, and faces a retrial on his return.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, UK authorities gave approval to drill for shale gas onshore after a temporary ban on the controversial extraction technique known as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. Energy experts believed Britain may have enough offshore shale gas to catapult it into the top ranks of global producers.
    (Reuters, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, In London James Ibori, former Nigerian state governor (1997-2007), was sentenced to 13 years in prison over a fraud involving $250 million of state funds.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, China and the Philippines traded fresh accusations of illegal incursions in a disputed area of the South China Sea, while refusing to compromise on their territorial claims.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, Egypt’s electoral commission on technical grounds barred 10 of 23 presidential candidates.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.62)
2012        Apr 17, A prominent Egyptian human rights lawyer, Ahmed el-Gezawi, was arrested upon his arrival in the Saudi port of Jiddah. He was on his way to perform a minor pilgrimage. El-Gezawi had earlier filed a lawsuit in Egypt against King Abdullah over the alleged arbitrary detention of hundreds of Egyptians living in the kingdom. A rights group said he has criticized the monarch in television interviews.
    (AP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 17, India's central bank lowered interest rates for the first time in three years, springing a bigger-than-forecast cut of 50 basis points along with a warning that further easing will be difficult. The benchmark repo rate would fall to 8.0 percent and the reverse repo rate, which it pays banks for deposits, would fall to 7.0 percent.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, Japan said it would pledge $60.0 billion to the International Monetary Fund, saying it was a critical part of the organization's bid to boost a global firewall against Europe's debt crisis.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, Hundreds of Kuwaiti firemen fought to contain a massive fire in a dump for used tires, with some members of parliament calling the blaze an environmental catastrophe.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, In Libya hundreds of federalism backers massed in east Libya insisting on the region's autonomy and challenged the framework for electing a constituent assembly. Participants issued a statement stressing their commitment to the autonomy of Cyrenaica stretching from the border with Egypt (in the east) to Syrte. Cyrenaica comprises half of the country's territory and holds about three-quarters of Libya's vast oil reserves.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, In Mali astrophysicist-turned-politician Cheick Modibo Diarra was named interim prime minister. Armed men rounded up top Malian officials including two presidential hopefuls in a show of force by a junta that seized power last month. Police chief Mahamadou Diagouraga, former defense minister Sadio Gassama and Hamidou Sissoko, a top aide to ousted president Amadou Toumani Toure, were among the others arrested.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)(AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 17, Nigerian troops killed one suspected member of the Islamist Boko Haram sect and arrested 13 others in dawn raids on two hideouts in Maiduguri city.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, Hundreds of Palestinian prisoners held by Israel launched a hunger strike, protesting their conditions and demanding an end to detentions without trial. Some 3,500 prisoners refused meals on "Prisoners' Day," and 1,200 of them said they would continue with an open-ended hunger strike. Khader Adnan, who didn't eat for 66 days, was set to be freed today as part of a deal reached with Israel.
    (AP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, A 7.0-magnitude quake struck off the northeast of Papua New Guinea, but there was no tsunami warning issued.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, In Somalia unknown military jets fired several missiles at a suspected pirate base in the north of the war-torn country, wounding two civilians. Last month the EU authorized its navies to strike Somali pirate equipment on land, with a mandate for warships or helicopters to fire at fuel barrels, boats, trucks or other equipment stowed away on beaches. A suicide bomber killed a soldier in the southern town of Baidoa, when he detonated an explosive vest as he tried to enter a government security building.
    (AFP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, South Africa Police arrested seven youths, aged 14 to 20, for the gang rape of a teenage girl (17) after they were identified based on video images. She was said to have the mental capacity of a four-year-old. A day earlier the Johannesburg High Court heard 62 rape cases, including a father-son pair charged with attacking 21 women together.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 17, Along the Sudan-South Sudan border a firefight killed seven South Sudan soldiers and 15 Sudan soldiers. It reportedly began after a Sudanese soldier shot a South Sudan soldier who was getting water from the river.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 17, The Syrian regime widened shelling attacks on opposition strongholds, targeting a second town in a new sign that a UN-brokered cease-fire is quickly unraveling despite the presence of foreign observers. Army tanks shelled the southern town of Busra al-Harir, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 4/17/12)
2012        Apr 17, The Tunisian League for Human Rights said that around 100 people working near the town of Zaouia, some 50 km (30 miles) west of Tripoli, had been taken hostage by armed men demanding the release of a group of Libyans held in Tunisia. The workers' seizure had been in retaliation for the arrest of Libyan nationals in Tunisia. 3 Libyans had been arrested on April 14 near the north African countries' border.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 17, In Vietnam Nguyen Quoc Quan (58) of California, a Vietnamese-American pro-democracy activist, was detained after arriving at the airport in southern Ho Chi Minh City. He was arrested and accused of terrorism for allegedly trying to sabotage liberation celebrations commemorating the end of the Vietnam War. Quan was released on Jan 30, 2013. Vietnam's Foreign Ministry said that Quan had "confessed to his crime" and asked for leniency to be reunited with his family.
    (AP, 4/29/12)(AP, 1/30/13)

2013        Apr 17, US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel told Congress that the Pentagon is sending about 200 soldiers from an Army headquarters unit to Jordan to assist efforts to contain violence along the Syrian border and plan for any operations needed to ensure the safety of chemical weapons in Syria.
    (AP, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 17, The US Senate voted 60-40 to defeat Sen. Diane Feinstein’s assault weapons ban.
    (SFC, 4/18/13, p.A12)
2013        Apr 17, US immigration officials returned Wilber Alfredo Valle-Guerra (aka Santos Lopez-Claudio) to El Salvador. Valle-Guerra (36), was arrested last November in Sunnyvale, Ca., for taking part in shootings that killed 2 people in Ilobasco, El Salvador, in Nov., 2006.
    (SSFC, 4/21/13, p.C12)
2013        Apr 17, FBI agents in Corinth, Ten., arrested Paul Kevin Curtis (45). He was accused of mailing letters containing ricin to Pres. Obama and Sen. Roger Wicker (R-Mis). Curtis had claimed to have uncovered a conspiracy while working at a local hospital from 1998-2000, when he discovered a refrigerator full of dismembered body parts and organs in a morgue.
    (SFC, 4/18/13, p.A9)
2013        Apr 17, In Texas a fiery explosion hit the West Fertilizer Co. 12 first responders were killed along with 2 residents in an apartment building. A nursing home resident died during an evacuation in West, about 20 miles north of Waco. Damages to the area were later estimated at $100 million. The company had $1 million in liability insurance. In 2016 federal officials said the fire had been intentionally set.
    (AP, 4/18/13)(SFC, 4/20/13, p.A6)(SFC, 4/25/13, p.A5)(SSFC, 5/5/13, p.A7)(SFC, 5/13/16, p.A10)
2013        Apr 17, Scientists reported the decoding of the coelacanth genome, whose eggs hatch inside the mother’s body. Its 2.8 billion DNA units are about the same as the human genome.
    (SFC, 4/17/13, p.A10)
2013        Apr 17, In Afghanistan roadside bombs and insurgent attacks killed at least 18 people in four separate attacks across the country.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, In Argentina a judicial investigation was initiated on Lazaro Báez on charges of money laundering, conspiracy, and cover-up. Baez (b.1956), a building tycoon with ties to Pres. Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, had reportedly embezzled and laundered abroad some $65 million.
    (, 4/11/15, p.68)
2013        Apr 17, It was reported that some 700 Brazilian Indians were occupying part of the lower house of Congress to protest a proposed amendment that would give Congress a say in the demarcation of indigenous territory.
    (SFC, 4/17/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 17, Brazil’s police said they have arrested 3 men suspected of involvement in killings of homeless people in Goiania, Goias state.
    (SFC, 4/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 17, Brazil raised its base interest rate by .025 points to 7.5%.
    (Econ, 4/20/13, p.40)
2013        Apr 17, Britain's biggest retailer, Tesco, wrote down the value of its global operations by $3.5 billion (2.3 billion pounds) and announced plans to exit the United States, as it tries to rebuild after a year when profit fell for the first time in two decades.
    (Reuters, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, A Chinese factory fishing ship caught fire just off the coast of Antarctica and 97 crew members were rescued by a nearby Norwegian vessel as Chile's military mobilized to prevent any environmental damage.
    (AP, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 17, Militants in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula fired at least two rockets at Israel's southern resort town of Eilat. Nobody was hurt in the attack.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, In Greece 3 strawberry plantation foremen allegedly shot and injured 29 Bangladeshi laborers protesting late pay. Greek officials the next day promised "swift and exemplary" punishment for the suspects.
    (AP, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 17, In India a 5-year-old girl was found after being raped and tortured by a man who held her in a locked room in New Delhi for two days. Manoj Kumar (24), who lived in the room where the girl was found, was arrested on April 20 in Muzaffarpur town, Bihar state. The girl remained in serious condition. Kumar led police to a 2nd suspect, Pradeep Kumar (19), who was arrested April 22.
    (AP, 4/20/13)(AP, 4/22/13)
2013        Apr 17, Diplomats said technicians upgrading Iran's main uranium enrichment facility have tripled their installations of high-tech machines that could be used in a nuclear weapons program to more than 600 in the last three months.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, Iraq executed by hanging 21 prisoners convicted on terrorism charges and links to al-Qaida, setting off fresh criticism from an international human rights expert over Baghdad's insistence on carrying out capital punishment. 9 people were killed and 32 were wounded in four separate attacks in Baghdad and Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, New Zealand lawmakers voted 77 to 44 in favor of the gay-marriage bill on its third and final reading. New Zealand thus became the 13th in the world and the first in the Asia-Pacific region to legalize same-sex marriage.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, Nigeria formed a panel that will create an amnesty program for Islamic extremists to try to quell a bloody guerrilla campaign of bombings and shootings that's killed hundreds of people across its north.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, A magnitude 6.8 earthquake shook Papua New Guinea's northern coast, sending residents fleeing for higher ground and items tumbling from shelves. There were no immediate reports of serious damage.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, In central Syria a government rocket attack killed at least 12 people in Eastern Buwaydah outside of Homs, while rebels battled regime forces over two key military bases in the northwest where government troops broke an opposition siege last week.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, In Russia  Alexei Navalny (36), the Kremlin's public enemy No.1., went on trial in Kirov on embezzlement charges but was granted an adjournment for more time to prepare. The web-savvy lawyer overcame a state-imposed national media blackout and minimal funds by exploiting his blog and Twitter account to reach hundreds of thousands of Russians.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, Senegal authorities charged Karim Wade (44), the son of former Pres. Abdoulaye Wade, with illicit enrichment, following a months-long investigation into how he amassed a fortune of over $1.3 billion.
    (SFC, 4/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 17, Venezuela's opposition watched its options dwindle after the head of the Supreme Court said there could be no recount of the razor-thin presidential election victory by Hugo Chavez's heir, leaving many government foes feeling the only chance at power is to wait for the ruling socialists to stumble.
    (AP, 4/17/13)
2013        Apr 17, In Yemen 2 US drone strikes killed at least five suspected al-Qaida militants and destroyed the house of one of them in a mountainous area south of Sanaa.
    (AP, 4/18/13)

2014        Apr 17, US-based Michaels Stores said that about 2.6 million credit cards used at its namesake stores may have been affected in a security breach. Its subsidiary Aaron Bros. was also attacked with some 400,000 cards potentially affected.
    (SFC, 4/19/14, p.D2)
2014        Apr 17, John C. Houbolt, an engineer whose contributions to the US space program were vital to NASA's successful moon landing in 1969, died in Maine. His efforts in the early 1960s are largely credited with convincing NASA to focus on the launch of a module carrying a crew from lunar orbit, rather than a rocket from earth or a spacecraft while orbiting the planet.
    (AP, 4/19/14)
2014        Apr 17, In Afghanistan three Taliban insurgents escaped from a northern prison using weapons smuggled into the facility in a jailbreak that killed 3 police guards in Faryab province.
    (AP, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 17, Afghan officials said a leading Taliban peace negotiator has been placed under house arrest in the UAE, dealing a blow to President Hamid Karzai's efforts to jump-start a nascent Afghan peace process before leaving office. Agha Jan Mutassim, a finance minister during Taliban rule from 1996 to 2001, had been missing for over a week.
    (Reuters, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 17, Algeria held presidential elections. Preliminary results indicated that President Bouteflika with 15 years in power won a 4th term.
    (Reuters, 4/17/14)(SFC, 4/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 17, Debbie Vincent (52), a former soldier who underwent a sex change, was jailed for six years for her part in a Europe-wide campaign of intimidation targeting a leading animal testing company. The British animal rights activist was found guilty last month for her part in a conspiracy to blackmail British-based Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS).
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 17, Burundi’s ruling CNDD-FDD party voted to create a reconciliation commission. Opposition parties boycotted the vote saying it will shield the ruling party from accountability for past crimes.
    (Reuters, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 17, A strike at the Chinese factories Yu Yuen Industrial, the world's biggest athletic shoe maker, snowballed to about 30,000 workers in Dongguan, making it one of the largest-ever work stoppages at a private business in China.
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 17, China introduced its first armed police patrols in Xi'an. Shanghai and Qingdao police began to carry 9 mm pistols on Apr 20.
    (AP, 4/21/14)
2014        Apr 17, China’s environment ministry said a nationwide soil survey has shown that as much as 16.1 percent of China's soil and 19.4% of farmland was contaminated by organic and inorganic chemical pollutants. This was nearly one-fifth of China’s farmland.
    (Reuters, 4/17/14)(SFC, 4/19/14, p.A4)(Econ 6/10/17, p.25)
2014        Apr 17, Gabriel Garcia Marquez (b.1927), Colombian author, died in Mexico City. His beguiling stories of love and longing brought Latin America to life for millions of readers and put magical realism on the literary map. His "One Hundred Years of Solitude," a dream-like, dynastic epic helped him win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982.
    (Reuters, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 17, In northern Iraq militants launched a brazen attack on a military base outside Mosul, killing at least 10 soldiers and wounding 12. In Baghdad a car bomb exploded on a busy commercial street in the Karrada neighborhood, killing at least 9 people and wounding 22 others.
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 17, In Ivory Coast editors of five newspapers, whose publications have been temporarily suspended, denouncing the measure. Most of the newspapers were suspended for mocking President Ouattara or referring to him as a dictator. One was targeted for discussing the safety of bush meat, which the government banned in the wake of an Ebola outbreak.
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 17, In Libya a Tunisian diplomat was kidnapped in Tripoli. He was the 2nd to be kidnapped since last month. Both men were released on June 30.
    (Reuters, 4/17/14)(AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Apr 17, An oil tanker sailing from Singapore to Cambodia was boarded by 16 pirates about 26 nautical miles off Aur island on the east coast of the Malaysia peninsula. The pirates damaged the ship's communication equipment, transferred part of the fuel cargo into a smaller unknown tanker and stole the ship and crews' belongings before fleeing.
    (AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 17, In Mali French Special Forces backed by helicopters freed five humanitarian aid workers who had gone missing on Feb 8.
    (SFC, 4/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 17, In Pakistan two local employees working for the UN Children's Fund UNICEF went missing in Karachi.
    (AFP, 4/20/14)
2014        Apr 17, Puerto Rican salsa legend Cheo Feliciano (78) died in a car accident early today, prompting the governor of the US territory to declare three days of mourning.
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 17, A Senegal official said Karim Wade, the son of former Pres. Abdoulaye Wade, will be tried for illicit enrichment following an investigation into how he amassed his multi-million dollar fortune.
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 17, In South Korea Kang Min-gyu (52), the vice-principal of a South Korean high school who accompanied hundreds of pupils on a ferry that capsized a day earlier, committed suicide.
    (Reuters, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 17, In South Sudan gunmen attacked civilians sheltering inside a UN peacekeeping base in the war-ravaged town of Bor. At least 58 people were killed and more than 100 others wounded in the attack.
    (AFP, 4/17/14)(AFP, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 17, Thai authorities charged two journalists with defaming Thailand's navy in an online news report about the trafficking of refugees from Myanmar, amid concerns about press freedom in the country.
2014        Apr 17, In southern Thailand suspected insurgent Muktar Ali-mama (31) and his 6-year-old son were shot dead. They were attacked at a rubber plantation in Bannang Sata district, Yala province.
    (AP, 4/18/14)
    (AP, 4/17/14)
2014        Apr 17, In Ukraine 3 pro-Russian protesters were killed and 13 injured during an attempted raid overnight on a National Guard base in the Black Sea port of Mariupol. High-level talks aimed at calming soaring tensions over the crisis in Ukraine went into overtime with top diplomats from the United States, European Union, Russia and Ukraine attempting to forge a common position on how to de-escalate the situation. Ukrainian town councilor Volodymyr Rybak and a second man disappeared. He was seen being bundled into a car by masked men in camouflage. His body was found on April 29 near Slaviansk.
    (AP, 4/17/14)(Reuters, 4/23/14)
2014        Apr 17, The World Health Organization said the death toll from an Ebola outbreak in Guinea has risen to 122, a sharp increase from a previous figure of 108.
    (Reuters, 4/17/14)

2015        Apr 17, President Barack Obama and Italian PM Matteo Renzi compared notes on a range of issues, including Ukraine, Libya and Islamic State militants.
    (AP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, Hawaii’s Gov. David Ige said Thirty Meter Telescope will continue to postpone construction of a new telescope on Mauna Kea. Ige said it might be necessary to decommission and remove older telescopes on the summit.
    (SSFC, 4/19/15, p.A8)
2015        Apr 17, Phillips 66 said it has discovered a diesel fuel leak from a company-operated pipeline between a terminal in Hartford, Illinois, and the terminal's barge dock on the Mississippi River. The volume of the spill was not yet determined.
    (Reuters, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, A. Alfred Taubman (b.1924), shopping mall magnate, died at his home in Bloomfield Hills, Mi. His Taubman company, founded in 1950, developed shopping centers. In 2001 as chairman of Sotheby Holdings he was convicted of conspiring with Anthony Tennant, former chairman of Christie’s Int’l., to fix commission charged by auction giants. He was fined $7.5 million and spent a year in a low-security prison.
    (SSFC, 4/19/15, p.A11)
2015        Apr 16, On Wall Street shares of Etsy, an online arts and crafts retailer, closed at $30 per share after opening on NASDAQ at $16.
    (SFC, 4/17/15, p.D3)
2015        Apr 17, The SpaceX supply ship arrived at the International Space Station, delivering the world's first espresso machine designed exclusively for astronauts.
    (AP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, Burundi police fired tear gas and water cannon to disperse protesters calling for the president not to run for a third term.
    (AFP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, In Cambodia Thong Sarath, a wealthy military general charged with murdering a fellow tycoon over a business dispute, was taken into police custody. Police in neighboring Vietnam had detained him and sent across the border a day earlier. The Defense Ministry suspended Thong Sarath after he was charged with masterminding the killing of tycoon Ung Meng Cheu last Nov. 22 in a dispute over a property sale.
    (AP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, In Chile 3 people were killed and a dozen are injured after a large crowd tried to force its way into of the Santiago club Tsunami early this morning where British punk group Doom was playing.
    (AP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, In China 2 people believed to be terrorism suspects were killed near the Chinese-Vietnamese border after an intense clash with armed forces.
    (AP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, A Beijing court sentenced Gao Yu (71), a veteran Chinese journalist, to seven years in prison on charges of leaking a document detailing the Communist Party leadership's resolve to aggressively target civil society and press freedom as a threat to its monopoly on power.
    (AP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, French PM Manuel Valls unveiled a 100-million-euro ($108-million) plan to fight rising racism and anti-Semitism, notably through tougher punishment.
    (AP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, the three West African countries hit hardest by the Ebola epidemic, called for an $8 billion "Marshall Plan" to help rebuild their economies and boost prevention efforts at a meeting with heads of the World Bank, IMF, and UN. World Bank President Jim Yong Kim announced a new $650 million in funds for the three countries, in addition to $1 billion committed last year to fight the outbreak.
    (AFP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, Iraqi security forces fought Islamic State militants at the gates of the western city of Ramadi. Local authorities warned it was in danger of falling unless reinforcements arrived soon. Iraqi government forces said Saddam Hussein's former deputy, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri and 9 bodyguards, have been killed in the Talal Hamreen mountains. Al-Douri, dubbed the “king of clubs" in a deck of playing cards to help American troops identify key regime fugitives, and had remained a wanted fugitive since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion. He later allied himself with Islamic State militants. Bombings in Baghdad killed at least 40 people.
    (Reuters, 4/17/15)(AP, 4/17/15)(SFC, 4/18/15, p.A3)
2015        Apr 17, In Iraq a car bombing claimed by the Islamic State killed 2 ethnically Kurdish Turks and wounded eight people wounded outside the US consulate in Erbil, the capital of Iraq's Kurdistan region. The IS group claimed responsibility. On April 28 Kurdish authorities said they have arrested Kurdish five men who confessed to carrying out the car bombing on behalf of Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 4/17/15)(AP, 4/18/15)(Reuters, 4/28/15)
2015        Apr 17, Protesters clashed with Israeli troops in the northern West Bank during annual demonstrations marking Palestinian Prisoners Day.
    (AFP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, Private security researchers reported that hackers have managed to penetrate computer networks associated with the Israeli military in an espionage campaign that skillfully packages existing attack software with trick emails. Last month, Israeli security firm Check Point Software Technologies said it had found spying programs in 10 countries that probably originated with a governmental or political group in Lebanon that deployed them over three years.
    (Reuters, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, The Italian navy and coastguard patrols rescued more than 300 migrants. More than 11,000 migrants have been rescued from the Mediterranean and taken to Italy in the past six days with hundreds more expected.
    (AFP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, In Indian-controlled Kashmir police fired tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse hundreds of demonstrators who hurled rocks and chanted anti-Indian and pro-Pakistan slogans. At least 20 police personnel and five protesters were injured in protests over the killing of a youth by the army and a crackdown by authorities on separatist leaders.
    (AP, 4/17/15)(Reuters, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, In northern Mali two assailants attacked a UN convoy of civilian workers, killing 2 and wounding another.
    (AP, 4/18/15)   
2015        Apr 17, In Mexico gunfights and blockades of burning vehicles broke out in the border city of Reynosa, across from McAllen, Texas, leaving at least 3 dead.
    (AP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, Montenegro police said they have arrested 16 people suspected of smuggling into Serbia 138 Syrian migrants who were trying to flee their war-ravaged country and reach Western Europe.
    (AP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, Nigeria air traffic controllers suspended a strike that had grounded all domestic flights, but warned that a more damaging work stoppage would be launched next week if their demands were not met.
    (AFP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, In Russia the RPR-Parnas, co-founded by Nemtsov, and Party of Progress, led by anti-graft blogger Alexei Navalny, agreed to run on a joint platform in 2016 parliamentary elections, aiming to make a first step in uniting fractious Kremlin adversaries after the killing of party leader Boris Nemtsov.
    (Reuters, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, In southern Tanzania at least 19 people were killed after a minibus they were traveling in plunged into a river in Mbeya.
    (Reuters, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, In Tanzania at least 19 gold miners were killed when the pit they were working in collapsed in the northwestern Msalala district.
    (AFP, 4/18/15)
2015        Apr 17, In southeast Yemen Al-Qaeda militants seized heavy weapons as they overran a key camp in Hadramawt provincial capital Mukalla. Two suspected Al-Qaeda militants were killed overnight in southern Shabwa province in a drone strike believed to have been carried out by the United States. At least 20 rebels were killed, and two tanks and four armored vehicles destroyed, in overnight Saudi-led air strikes on a convoy headed out of the Al-Anad air base. In Taez at least 16 people were killed as soldiers that have remained loyal to exiled Pres. Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi put up fierce resistance to an attack on their base by Houthi Shiite rebels and renegade troops.
    (AFP, 4/17/15)
2015        Apr 17, Zimbabwe said it will evacuate its nationals caught in anti-foreigner violence that has left 6 people dead in South Africa.
    (AFP, 4/17/15)

2016        Apr 17, The United States and its allies conducted 26 strikes against Islamic State in Iraq and Syria over the last 24 hours.
    (Reuters, 4/17/16)
2016        Apr 17, Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf signed a bill legalizing a comprehensive medical marijuana program, making his state the 24th to do so.
    (SFC, 4/18/16, p.A7)
2016        Apr 17, In Pennsylvania a suspect surrendered to police following a short standoff at a Philadelphia home where 3 people were found killed by shotgun blasts to the head.
    (SFC, 4/18/16, p.A7)
2016        Apr 17, Afghan forces fought back a renewed series of attacks on Kunduz, killing dozens of Taliban fighters as insurgent forces stepped up their bid to retake the northern city that they captured briefly last year.
    (Reuters, 4/17/16)
2016        Apr 17, Brazil’s lower house voted 367-137 in favor of impeachment sending the issue to the Senate. If a majority there votes to put Rousseff on trial, she'd be suspended while Vice President Michel Temer temporarily takes over. The exact date of the Senate vote is not known, but it's widely expected by the middle of next month.
    (AP, 4/18/16)
2016        Apr 17, A Chinese spokesman criticized Taiwan after the self-ruled island released 20 fraud suspects just one day after they were deported from Malaysia, citing a lack of evidence.
    (AP, 4/17/16)
2016        Apr 17, A Chinese military aircraft on patrol over the South China Sea received an emergency call to land at Fiery Cross Reef to evacuate three seriously ill workers. It was the first time China's military had publicly admitted landing an aircraft on Fiery Cross Reef.
    (Reuters, 4/18/16)
2016        Apr 17, In India statewide marches in Gujarat calling for the freeing of Hardik Patel (22), a community leader who has been in jail since last October on sedition charges, turned violent in the town of Mehsana. Across the state more than 400 protesters were detained. Patel emerged overnight last year as leader of a mass movement demanding more government jobs and college places for the Patel -- or Patidar – community.
    (Reuters, 4/17/16)
2016        Apr 17, In India a bus carrying members of an opera troupe plunged into a gorge killing at least 25 people in Orissa state.
    (SFC, 4/18/16, p.A2)
2016        Apr 17, In eastern Indonesia rain-triggered floods and landslides left six villagers missing in a remote mountainous district of West Papua province.
    (AP, 4/18/16)
2016        Apr 17, Italians voted in a referendum on the duration of offshore drilling concessions in territorial waters, as nine regional governments sought to wrestle some influence over energy policy from the central government in Rome.
    (AP, 4/17/16)
2016        Apr 17, Thousands of Kuwait's oil workers began an open-ended strike in protest at plans to cut their wages, action which saw the emirate's crude production plunge.
    (AFP, 4/17/16)
2016        Apr 17, Myanmar President Htin Kyaw pardoned 83 political prisoners on the country's traditional New Year Sunday, as the fledgling civilian-led administration seeks to cast off the shackles of nearly half a century of military rule.
    (AFP, 4/17/16)
2016        Apr 17, In Qatar major oil producers began talks to try to reach a deal on capping production to boost prices, despite Iran's absence. Saudi Arabia blocked an agreement between OPEC and non-OPEC producers to shore up global oil prices by freezing production at January’s levels.
    (AFP, 4/17/16)(Econ, 4/23/16, p.64)
2016        Apr 17, In South Africa at least 11 people were killed and 59 more injured when a bus transporting African National Congress (ANC) supporters from an election rally in Port Elizabeth overturned.
    (Reuters, 4/17/16)
2016        Apr 17, Four Yemeni soldiers were killed in a suicide attack on a checkpoint near the international airport in, home to a growing jihadist presence.
    (AFP, 4/17/16)

2017        Apr 17, US President Donald Trump congratulated Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan on his referendum campaign in a phone call and vowed close cooperation on Syria, Iraq and the fight against Kurdish militants.
    (Reuters, 4/18/17)
2017        Apr 17, In Maryland a US Army Black Hawk helicopter crashed onto the Breton Bay Golf and Country Club during a training flight, killing one crew member.
    (SFC, 4/18/17, p.A5)
2017        Apr 17, In Pennsylvania Cuban national Yoandy Perez Llanes pleaded guilty to his role in an international conspiracy to file 900 phony federal tax returns seeking $2.2 million in refunds by using employee information stolen from the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Sentencing was set for August 18.
    (AP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, In Afghanistan Ahmad Zia Massoud, a former vice president, was sacked with little explanation. He had been serving as Pres. Ashraf Ghani's representative on good governance and reform. Massoud, from Afghanistan's Tajik community, framed his firing as a move by Ghani, a Pashtun from the country's largest ethnic group, to push others away.
    (Reuters, 4/18/17)
2017        Apr 17, Afghan officials said Taliban militants killed three women and a young boy who were accused of spying in northern Sari Pul province.
    (AP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, Albania's prosecutor's office said 10 police officers and eight customs officials have been arrested for organizing illegal drugs traffic to nearby Italy.
    (AP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, In Australia surfer Laeticia Brouwer (17) died following a shark attack off Esperance, Western Australia state. She was the 3rd such fatality this year.
    ( 5/20/17, p.33)
2017        Apr 17, China's official Xinhua News Agency reported that Xiang Junbo (60), the country’s top insurance regulator, has been removed from his position for suspected serious disciplinary violations.
    (Reuters, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, China’s Central Commission for Discipline Inspection said that Li Shiqiao, suspected of corruption, had been "persuaded to return" and surrender after almost a decade on the run in Canada. He had been a manager at a real estate company in the city of Ningbo and fled to Canada in April 2009.
    (Reuters, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, It was reported that Congolese pastor Joseph Mukungubila Mutombo, wanted in his homeland for alleged involvement in violence more than three years ago, has obtained asylum in South Africa.
    (AFP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, Hundreds of Druze on the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights marched for Syrian independence day, carrying portraits of President Bashar al-Assad and chanting anti-Israel slogans.
    (AFP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, Japan started withdrawing its 350 troops from a UN mission in war battered South Sudan, a move coinciding with escalating violence in a conflict where killings have been described as genocide.
    (Reuters, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, In Kashmir at least 100 students were injured in anti-India protests and clashes with government forces in Srinagar. The students took to the streets to protest a police raid in a college in southern Pulwama town April 15, in which at least 50 students were injured.
    (AP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, Hundreds of Palestinians in Israeli jails began a hunger strike in response to a call by prominent prisoner Marwan Barghouti, widely seen as a possible future Palestinian president. Palestinians termed the open-ended strike a protest against poor conditions and an Israeli policy of detention without trial that has been applied against thousands since the 1980s.
    (Reuters, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, In Portugal a small plane crashed beside a supermarket near Lisbon, killing four people on board the aircraft and one on the ground. The dead included the Swiss pilot, three French passengers on the plane and a Portuguese truck driver.
    (AP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, Russian officials announced an agreement with Google to settle a two-year-old case against Google for requiring the pre-installation of some of its apps on mobile devices using the Android system. Google is to pay 439 million roubles ($7.8 million) in fines and will not limit the pre-installation of third-party apps.
    (AP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, South Korean prosecutors charged ousted president Park Geun-hye and Lotte Group chairman Shin Dong-bin with bribery in the latest twist to a corruption scandal that rocked the country for months.
    (Reuters, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, Syrian government forces and their allies advanced in the central province of Hama under the cover of intense airstrikes, approaching the outskirts of Tibet al-Imam, a rebel-held town, a day after capturing the strategic town of Soran from opposition fighters and militants.
    (AP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, In Syria an airstrike late today likely carried out by the US-led coalition struck the eastern town of Boukamal, held by the Islamic State group, killing at least 10 people and wounding dozens. Another airstrike, this one during the day, hit a rebel-held village in the northwest, killing a woman and nine children.
    (AP, 4/18/17)
2017        Apr 17, Turkey's government extended the state of emergency to July 19. The main opposition party urged the country's electoral board to cancel the results of a landmark referendum that granted sweeping new powers to the nation's president, citing what it called substantial voting irregularities. A mission of observers from the 47-member Council of Europe said Turkey’s April 16 referendum was an uneven contest.
    (AP, 4/17/17)(Reuters, 4/17/17)(Econ, 4/22/17, p.44)
2017        Apr 17, Turkey's pro-Kurdish opposition said that the number of unstamped ballots counted as valid in the April 16 referendum had been enough to swing the outcome of the vote and decried what it described as a "coup" by electoral authorities.
    (Reuters, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, The UN said the six-month-old operation to retake the Iraqi city of Mosul from the Islamic State group has forced around half a million people to flee their homes.
    (AFP, 4/17/17)
2017        Apr 17, In Vietnam villagers in Hanoi held more than 30 people, most of them policemen, over a land dispute. The standoff began over the weekend in My Duc, a district of Hanoi, when police clashed with villagers who allege their land was illegally seized for sale by a military-run telecommunications firm.
    (AP, 4/17/17)

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