Return to home310 Apr 18,
St. Eusebius began his reign as Catholic Pope.
1480 Apr 18, Lucretia Borgia
(d.1519), murderess, was born. Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara,
was the daughter of Pope Alexander VI, and the sister and political
pawn of Cesare Borgia. She was also considered a patroness of the
(HN, 4/18/98)(WUD, 1994, p.171)
1518 Apr 18, Bona Sforza
(1494-1558) was crowned Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of
Lithuania in Wawel Cathedral, Krakow. The Italian niece of Bianca
Maria Sforza, who in 1493 married Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I,
became the 3rd consort of Lithuania’s Grand Duke Sigismund the Old
1521 Apr 18, Martin Luther
confronted the emperor Charles V in the Diet of Worms and refused to
retract his views which led to his excommunication. Cardinal
Alexander questioned the Rev Martin Luther.
(HN, 4/18/99)(MC, 4/18/02)
1530 Apr 18, Francois Lambert
d'Avignon (~43), French church reformer, died.
1580 Apr 18, Thomas Middleton,
English playwright (Game of Chess), was born.
1590 Apr 18, Ahmed I, 14th
sultan of Turkey (1603-17), was born.
1605 Apr 18, Giacomo Carissimi,
composer, was born.
1610 Apr 18, Robert Parsons
(63), English Jesuit leader, plotter, died.
1663 Apr 18, Osman declared war
1676 Apr 18, Sudbury,
Massachusetts, was attacked by Indians.
1689 Apr 18, George Jeffreys,
1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem, infamous judge, died.
1775 Apr 18, Several post
riders set out to warn colonists of the British attack that started
the American Revolution. One patriotic myth that grew out of that
movement began with a poem Henry Wadsworth Longfellow called "Paul
Revere's Ride." Paul Revere began his famous ride from Charlestown
to Lexington, Mass., warning American colonists that the British
were coming. American revolutionaries Paul Revere, William Dawes and
Samuel Prescott warned that "the British are coming". Only Prescott
galloped all the way to Concord. Revere was corralled by a British
cavalry patrol near Lexington, MA; Dawes and Prescott escaped. A
company of over 700 British troops marched toward Concord.
23-year-old church sexton Robert Newman hung two lanterns in the Old
North Church to warn riders that the British were leaving Boston by
boat to march on Concord. Every April, a descendant of the
18th-century patriot still climbs to the steeple of Old North Church
and hangs two small tin and glass lanterns.
(HN, 4/18/98)(ON, 3/01, p.2)(HNQ, 7/5/01)(AP,
1778 Apr 18, John Paul Jones
attacked the British revenue cutter Husar near the Isle of Man, but
it escaped. Soon thereafter he raided Whitehaven and burned one coal
(ON, 2/04, p.6)
1791 Apr 18, National Guardsmen
prevented Louis XVI and his family from leaving Paris.
1797 Apr 18, Louis-Adolphe
Thiers, president of France, was born.
1797 Apr 18, France and Austria
signed a cease fire.
1857 Apr 18, Clarence S.
Darrow, defense attorney at the Scopes monkey trial, was born near
1861 Apr 18, US Colonel Robert
E. Lee turned down an offer to command the Union armies.
1861 Apr 18, Battle of Harpers
1862 Apr 18, Battle of Ft
Jackson, Ft St. Philip and New Orleans, LA.
1864 Apr 18, Richard Harding
Davis, journalist, was born.
1865 Apr 18, Dr. Samuel A. Mudd
originally claimed to have never met Booth during his initial
interview with investigating detectives. Presidential assassin John
Wilkes Booth, injured and fleeing Ford’s Theatre, had knocked on the
door of Dr. Mudd for help.
1865 Apr 18, Confederate Gen
Joseph Johnston surrendered to Gen W.T. Sherman in North Carolina.
1874 Apr 18, David Livingstone
was buried in Westminster Abbey.
1876 Apr 18, Daniel O'Leary
completed a 500 mile walk in 139 hours, 32 minutes.
1882 Apr 18, Leopold Stokowski,
conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra), was born in London England.
1885 Apr 18, The Sino-Japanese
1902 Apr 18, Denmark became the
1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals.
1906 Apr 18, At 5:12 a.m. the
San Francisco 8.2 earthquake occurred. Seismologists in 1977
reduced the magnitude to 7.9. 28,000 buildings were destroyed and
498 blocks leveled. One quarter of the city burned. About 700 people
died. The massive earthquake was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles and
as far inland as Nevada. It caused severe damage and loss of life in
the San Francisco Bay area, and a three-day fire spawned by the
shaking reduced 4.7 square miles of the city to blackened ruins.
Military officials estimated $400 million of damage and a total of
700-800 killed. Modern research estimates that closer to 3,000 of
San Francisco's 400,000 inhabitants lost their lives. Sweeney
Observatory in Goldengate Park was destroyed. Some 30,000 people
were left homeless and lived in GG Park for up to a year and a half.
The quake was centered in Olema. Old City Hall at Fulton and Larkin
was destroyed. The Fairmont Hotel was severely damaged just 2 months
before it was scheduled to open. In 2001 Dan Kurzman authored
"Disaster: The Great San Francisco Earthquake and Fire of 1906." In
2005 Philip Fradkin authored “The Great Earthquake and Firestorms of
1906: How San Francisco Nearly Destroyed Itself."
(SFC, 4/4/96, p.A-106)(SFC, 4/8/96, p.A-1)(SFC,
4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(AP, 4/18/97)(SFC, 7/29/97, p.A5,7)(SFEC, 3/8/98,
p.W31)(SFC, 1/1/99, p.A13)(SFC, 4/22/01, BR p.3)(SFC, 2/15/02,
p.G8)(SFC, 4/7/05, p.B1)(SSFC, 2/4/07, p.F1)
1906 Apr 18, SF Mayor Schmitz
issued a proclamation that authorized police "to Kill any and all
persons found engaged in looting or in the Commission of Any Other
(SFC, 9/29/99, p.C3)
1906 Apr 18, Dennis Sullivan,
SF Fire Chief, was severely injured when the chimney of the
California Hotel crashed into the adjoining firehouse. Sullivan died
of his injuries on April 22. In the 1920s a firechief residence was
built in his honor at 870 Bush St. A pond on the Potrero Hill potato
farm of John Center provided water that saved the Mission district
from the earthquake fire. Residents on Russian Hill saved 5 homes on
Green Street between Jones and Leavenworth from fire and dynamite
crews. The "Portals of the Past" monument in Golden Gate Park is a
marble remnant from a mansion destroyed by the earthquake and fire.
(SFC, 5/1/98, p.A26)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.B4)(SFC,
12/29/04, p.B1)(SSFC, 4/23/06, p.A8)(SFC, 4/24/06, p.A9)
1906 Apr 18, San Francisco
firefighters, with the assistance of the US Navy, managed to drag a
single fire hose from a pumper in the bay, over the shoulder of
Telegraph Hill, over a mile to the Jackson Street warehouses. Navy
Lt. Frederick Freeman led efforts that saved Anson Hotaling’s
Whiskey warehouses at 451 and 455 Jackson street. Nearby Jones Alley
was later renamed Hotaling Way.
9/13/09, p.N4)(SFC, 8/30/14, p.D1)
1906 Apr 18, 500 hundred or
more people were estimated to have died at Howard and Sixth in San
Francisco where the Brunswick House, the Ohio House, the Lormor and
Nevada House all collapsed. They had been built to fill “Pioche’s
Lake," a sunken area created by the Hayward Earthquake of 1868.
(SFC, 6/8/13, p.C4)
1906 Apr 18, The SF earthquake
killed 119 people at Agnews State Hospital in San Jose.
(SFC, 9/29/97, p.A21)
1907 Apr 18, The Fairmont Hotel
opened in SF, exactly one year after the 1906 earthquake. It was
designed by Julia Morgan and named after mining magnate James Graham
(SSFC, 2/4/07, p.F1)
1907 Apr 18, SF Board of
supervisors, a year after the city’s 1906 earthquake, set the
official death toll for the disaster at 478. Let evidence showed
more that 3,400 fatalities.
(SFC, 1/15/05, p.B1)
1907 Apr 18, Miklos Rozsa,
movie composer (Atomic Cafe, Fedora), was born in Budapest, Hungary.
1908 Apr 18, Joseph Keilberth,
German conductor (Bayreuther Festspiele), was born.
1909 Apr 18, Joan of Arc was
declared a saint.
1911 Apr 18, George Huntington
Hartford II, heir (A&P), was born in NYC.
1918 Apr 18, Clifton Keith
Hillegass, founder of the study guides known as Cliff's Notes, was
1921 Apr 18, Junior
Achievement, created to encourage business skills in young people,
1923 Apr 18, The first baseball
game was played in Yankee Stadium. Babe Ruth hit a three-run homer
as the Yankees beat the Red Sox 4-1. The stadium was called the
House that Ruth built. In 2011 Robert Weintraub authored “The House
That Ruth Built: A New Stadium, the first Yankees Championship, and
the Redemption of 1923."
(AP, 4/18/98)(WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A24)(Econ, 5/7/11,
1923 Apr 18, Poland annexed
1924 Apr 18, Henry J. Hyde,
(Rep-R-IL), was born.
1928 Apr 18, Jean-Francois
Pailliard, conductor, was born in Vitry-le-Francois, France.
1930 Apr 18, Clive Revill,
actor (Legend of Hell House), was born in Wellington, NZ.
1934 Apr 18, The 1st
laundromat, called a "Washateria," opened in Fort Worth, Tx.
1934 Apr 18, Hitler named
Joachim von Ribbentrop, ambassador for disarmament.
1936 Apr 18, Pan-Am Clipper
began regular passenger flights from SF to Honolulu.
1936 Apr 18, Ottorino Respighi
(56), Italian composer (Pines of Rome), died.
1937 Apr 18, Leon Trotsky
called for the overthrow of Soviet leader Josef Stalin.
1939 Apr 18, Franz von Papen
became German ambassador in Turkey.
1940 Apr 18, Ed Garvey, labor
leader for the Major League Baseball Players Association, was born.
1942 Apr 18, First issue of the
newspaper for U.S. armed forces, Stars and Stripes, was published.
1942 Apr 18, The first US air
strike against Japan, an air squadron from the USS Hornet led by Lt.
Col. James H. Doolittle (d.1993), raided Tokyo and other Japanese
cities. 16 U.S. Army B-25 bombers broke through Japanese defenses to
strike Tokyo and other cities in broad daylight. The North-American
B-25B Mitchells were launched from the deck of the aircraft carrier
Hornet, and after striking their targets, flew on to China. 2 of the
80 men drowned. 3 of 8 captured by the Japanese were executed and 1
died in a prison camp. Doolittle later became the commander general
of the Eighth Air Force. In 1943 Ted Lawson authored “Thirty Seconds
Over Tokyo," an account of the bombing of Tokyo.
(AP, 4/18/97)(SFC, 5/15/02, p.A23)(SSFC, 3/30/03,
p.A1)(SFC, 8/12/06, p.P8)
1942 Apr 18, The 16th plane of
the Doolittle air strike against Japan landed outside Vladivostok in
the Soviet Union following its mission. Nolan Herndon (1918-2007),
the bombardier, later reported that their plane was used to test the
Soviet resolve as an ally. The 5-man crew was held for over 13
months before escaping to a British Embassy in what later became
(SFC, 10/16/07, p.D8)
1943 Apr 18, Traveling in a
bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (b.1884), the mastermind
of the attack on Pearl Harbor, was shot down by American P-38
1944 Apr 18, The ballet "Fancy
Free," with music by Leonard Bernstein premiered in NYC.
1945 Apr 18, Ernie Pyle
(b.1900), famed American war correspondent, was killed at age 44 by
Japanese gunfire on the Pacific island of Ie Shima, off Okinawa. He
did a syndicated aviation column from 1928-1932, and served as a
roving reporter from 1935-1939. In 1997 James Tobin published “Ernie
Pyle’s War: America’s Eyewitness to World War II."
(AP, 4/18/97)(MT, Sum. ‘98, p.22)
1946 Apr 18, Jackie Robinson
debuted as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals.
1946 Apr 18, US recognized
Tito's Yugoslavia govt.
1946 Apr 18, The League of
Nations was dissolved.
(AHD, 1971, p.744)(AP, 4/18/97)(HN, 4/18/98)
1947 Apr 18, James Woods, actor
(Salvador, Against All Odds), was born in Warwick, RI.
1948 Apr 18, Catherine
Malfitano, soprano (Metropolitan Opera), was born in NYC.
1948 Apr 18, International
Court of Justice opened at Hague, Netherlands.
1949 Apr 18, The Republic of
Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth and was officially
proclaimed in Dublin on the anniversary of the 1916 Easter
rebellion. King George VI sent his good wishes.
(EWH, 1968, p.1166)(AP, 4/18/97)(HN, 4/18/98)
1950 Apr 18, The first
transatlantic jet passenger trip was made.
1950 Apr 18, Polish Catholic
church and government signed an accord over relations.
1954 Apr 18, The US held a
nationwide test of its disaster radio system known as Conelrad. In
SF a simulated 10-megaton bomb, exploding over Hunters Point, was
estimated to kill 500,000 Bay Area citizens.
(SSFC, 4/12/09, DB p.43)
1954 Apr 18, Colonel Nasser
seized power in Egypt.
1955 Apr 18, Albert Einstein
(76), physicist, died in Princeton New Jersey. Dr. Thomas Harvey,
chief pathologist at Princeton Hospital, performed Albert Einstein’s
autopsy. He removed the brain and took it home. In 2000 Michael
Paterniti authored "Driving Mr. Albert: A Trip Across America with
Einstein’s Brain." In 1999 it was reported that Einstein’s inferior
parietal lobe was larger than normal. In 2000 Amir D. Aczel
published "God's Equation: Einstein, Relativity, and the Expanding
Universe." [see Apr 15] In 1983 Abraham Pais (d.2000 at 81) authored
"Subtle Is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein."
In 2000 Dennis Overbye authored "Einstein In Love," on Einstein’s
1st marriage with Mileva Maric. In 2002 Fred Jerome authored "The
Einstein File: J. Edgar Hoover’s Secret War Against the World’s Most
Famous Scientist." In 2007 Walter Isaacson authored “Einstein: His
Life and Universe;" Jurgen Neffe authored “Einstein: A Biography;"
and Jozsef Illy edited “Albert Meets America," a chronicle of
Einstein’s first visit to the US (1921) on a fundraising tour with
Zionist leader Chaim Weizman.
(AP, 4/18/97)(SFC, 6/18/99, p.A18)(SFEC, 1/9/00,
BR p.4)(SFC, 8/1/00, p.B2)(WSJ, 10/20/00, p.W10)(SSFC, 3/18/01, BR
p.6)(SFC, 9/15/02, p.M5)(WSJ, 4/6/07, p.B3)(SSFC, 5/13/07, p.M6)
1956 Apr 18, Eric Roberts,
actor (Pope of Greenwich Village, King of Gypsies), was born in
1956 Apr 18, Actress Grace
Kelly married Prince Rainier III of Monaco in a civil ceremony. A
church wedding took place the next day.
1956 Apr 18, An
Israeli-Egyptian cease fire, arranged by UN Gen’l. Sec. Dag
Hammarskjold, went into effect.
(EWH, 1968, p.1241)
1961 Apr 18, Pamella Bordes,
British parliament prostitute, was born in New Delhi, India.
1961 Apr 18, Soviet leader
Nikita Khrushchev sent a letter to Pres. Kennedy with an “urgent
call" to end “aggression" against Cuba.
(SFC, 3/23/01, p.D5)
1963 Apr 18, Dr. James Campbell
performed the 1st human nerve transplant.
1964 Apr 18, Ben Hecht (71),
playwright (Child of the Century), died.
1968 Apr 18, Some 178,000
employees of US Bell Telephone System went on strike.
1968 Apr 18, London Bridge was
sold to US oil company. It was later erected in Arizona.
1968 Apr 18, There was a coup
in Sierra Leone. A new government under Siaka Stevens was announced.
(WUD, 1994, p.1687)
1969 Apr 18, George Whittell,
Jr. (b.1881), born in SF to wealth amassed in real estate and
mining, died. His construction of a lakefront estate at lake Tahoe,
the Thunderbird Lodge, began in 1937 and was completed in 1939.
1974 Apr 18, In Genoa, Italy,
the Red Brigade kidnapped deputy attorney Mario Sossi. He was held
for 35 days.
(WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)(http://tinyurl.com/39vg4e)
1974 Apr 18, Marcel Pagnol
(b.1895), French writer and film director, died.
1975 Apr 18, Jesus Ibarra
Piedra, a member of a Mexican leftist urban guerrilla group, was
kidnapped and never seen again. On Nov 8, 2004, Juventino Romero
Cisneros, a former agent of the Federal Security Directorate, was
arrested for the kidnapping. Carlos Solana Macias, ex-director of
the Judicial Police for the northern state of Nuevo Leon, was
arrested Dec 29, 2005. In 2006 both Cisneros and Solano were
released from prison.
1978 Apr 18, The U.S. Senate
voted 68-32 to turn the Panama Canal over to Panamanian control on
Dec. 31, 1999.
(AP, 4/18/98) (HN, 4/18/98)
1980 Apr 18, In Lebanon three
UN peacekeepers were kidnapped. Derek Smallhorne and Thomas Barrett
of Ireland were subsequently murdered and John O’Mahony seriously
wounded. In 2014 a Mahmoud Bazzi (71), a suspect in the killings,
agreed to return to Lebanon from Detroit, where he was living
without proper documentation.
1980 Apr 18, Zimbabwe's
(Rhodesia) formal independence from Britain was proclaimed. Its
chiefs were stripped of power following independence. Canaan Banana,
a Methodist theologian, became president until 1987. He was later
accused by dozens of men of sexual harassment and rape. Robert
Mugabe became prime minister and held the real authority.
(SFEC, 1/12/97, p.C16)(SFC, 5/9/97,
p.E3)(HN, 4/18/98) (SFC, 7/14/98, p.A10)
1983 Apr 18, Alice Walker
(b.1944) won a Pulitzer Prize for "The Color Purple."
(SSFC, 9/26/04, p.M1)
1983 Apr 18, At the US Embassy
in Beirut, Lebanon, 63 people, including 17 Americans, were killed
by a suicide bomber. In 1996 sixteen Islamic militants were ordered
to stand trial by a military court in Lebanon. Hezbollah leader Imad
Mughniyah was suspected of involvement. CIA agent Robert Ames was
among those killed. In 2014 Kai Bird authored “The Good Spy: The
Life and Death of Robert Ames."
(WSJ, 3/26/96, p.A-1)(WSJ, 9/19/01, p.A14)(WSJ,
8/3/06, p.A4)(AP, 4/18/08)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.87)
1987 Apr 18, President Reagan
used his weekly radio address to express hope the superpowers could
reach an agreement to sharply reduce the threat of
intermediate-range nuclear weapons.
1987 Apr 18, In Arizona Gregory
Robertson made a 200-mph free fall to save Debbie Williams, who had
collided with a fellow diver at around 9,000 feet and was knocked
1988 Apr 18, The United States
destroyed two more Iraqi oil platforms, after a mine in the Persian
Gulf injured 10 crewmen aboard a U.S. frigate. In 2003 a World Court
in a 14-2 decision ruled the US was wrong but doesn't need to pay
1988 Apr 18, San Francisco
journalist Stanton Delaplane (80) died at his home on Telegraph
Hill. The SF Chronicle Pulitzer Prize-winner was credited with
introducing Irish Coffee to the city at the Buena Vista Cafe.
(SSFC, 4/14/13, p.46)
1988 Apr 18, An Israeli court
convicted John Demjanjuk, a retired auto worker from Cleveland, of
committing war crimes at the Treblinka death camp. Israel's Supreme
Court later overturned Demjanjuk's conviction.
1989 Apr 18, Thousands of
Chinese students demanding democracy tried to storm Communist Party
headquarters in Beijing.
1990 Apr 18, The US Supreme
Court ruled that states may make it a crime to possess or look at
child pornography, even in one's home.
1990 Apr 18, Bankruptcy court
forced Frank Lorenzo (b.1940) to give up Eastern Airlines.
1990 Apr 18, A Franco-German
proposal was made at the Dublin summit for the political union of
the 12 European Community member countries.
1990 Apr 18, The Soviet Union
shut off a pipeline that supplied the rebellious republic of
Lithuania with crude oil; a day later, the Soviets severely reduced
the flow of natural gas.
1991 Apr 18, President Bush
unveiled his “America 2000" education strategy, which included a
voluntary nationwide exam system and aid pegged to academic results.
1991 Apr 18, The US Census
Bureau estimated its 1990 census had failed to count up to 6.3
1991 Apr 18, Soviet President
Mikhail S. Gorbachev ended a summit in Japan without winning the
major aid package he’d been hoping for.
1992 Apr 18, Democrat Jerry
Brown met with black leaders in Philadelphia while front-runner Bill
Clinton visited a Phillies-Pirates ballgame as the two courted
Pennsylvania primary voters.
1992 Apr 18, Serbia issued a
protest to the United States, accusing Washington of siding with
Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia in the Yugoslav crisis.
1993 Apr 18, The government of
Bosnia-Herzegovina agreed to a truce, effectively relinquishing
besieged Srebrenica. Meanwhile, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic
threatened to boycott further U.N. peace talks if tougher sanctions
against Yugoslavia went into effect.
1993 Apr 18, In Pakistan Nawaz
Sharif’s government was dismissed by Ishaq Khan on corruption
charges. The interim government was led by Balkh Sher Mazari.
(SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)
1994 Apr 18, Former President
Richard Nixon suffered a stroke at his home in Park Ridge, N.J., and
was taken to New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center; he died four
1994 Apr 18, Several thousand
Tutsis were massacred by men from Ildephonse Nizeyimana’s training
school at the parish of Cyahinda. Nizeyimana, nicknamed the "Butcher
of Butare," was arrested in 2009 in Uganda. In 2012 he was handed a
life sentence for his role in the 1994 genocide.
1995 Apr 18, Quarterback Joe
Montana retired from professional football.
1995 Apr 18, President Clinton
held a prime-time news conference in which he said he was satisfied
that he remained relevant in a Republican-dominated capital, and
challenged Congress to send him an acceptable welfare bill by July
1995 Apr 18, The Houston Post
closed after 116 years.
1996 Apr 18, President Clinton
addressed the Japanese Parliament, hailing security ties between the
two countries as the cornerstone of stability in Asia. Congress
passed and sent to President Clinton long-awaited legislation giving
federal law officers new powers to use against terrorism.
1996 Apr 18, The US government
will deliver $368 million in military equipment to Pakistan that was
paid for in the 1980’s. Pakistan will also get $120 mil in cash that
it paid for weapons and spare parts that were never manufactured.
(SFC, 4/18/96, p.A-8)
1996 Apr 18, Pres. Yeltsin of
Russia denied that there was a war in Chechnya while Russian TV
showed Chechen rebels attacking a Russian military convoy. 26
soldiers were killed and 51 were wounded.
(SFC, 4/18/96, p.a-14)
1996 Apr 18, A base at Qana,
Lebanon, manned by Fijian UNIFIL troops was shelled by Israel and
led to 75 (revised to 106) civilian deaths. A later UN investigation
found the remains of 15 Israeli shells that indicated a targeted
assault. Israel called the attack an "unfortunate mistake."
(WSJ, 4/19/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-8)(AP,
1996 Apr 18, A base manned by
Fijian UN troops in Lebanon was shelled by Israel and led to 75
(revised to 91) civilian deaths. A later UN investigation found the
remains of 15 Israeli shells that indicated a targeted assault.
Israel called the attack an "unfortunate mistake."
(WSJ, 4/19/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-8)(AP,
1996 Apr 18, Piet Hein (80),
Danish architect, poet, mathematician, inventor, died.
1997 Apr 18, President Clinton
held a news conference in which he warned Republicans that a
balanced-budget deal may not come quickly, while reassuring nervous
Democrats that he would not abandon the party's prized social
1997 Apr 18, American Rivers
Inc., a national conservation group, listed this year’s ten most
endangered rivers. Included were the Potomac, San Joaquin, the lower
Colorado and the Hudson Rivers.
(SFC, 4/21/97, p.A7)
1997 Apr 18, Scientists
reported the discovery of a fusion protein that governed the ability
of the HIV virus to fuse with the protective membranes of immune
(SFC, 4/18/97, p.A4)
1997 Apr 18, It was reported
that measurements by scientists suggest that the universe may have
an “up" and a “down." “This axis of orientation is not a physical
entity, but rather defines a direction of space that somehow
determines how light travels throughout the universe." The
measurements were later considered flawed because the scientists
examined polarized radio waves, which oscillate in only one
(SFC, 4/18/97, p.A1,13)(SFC, 4/26/97, p.A5)
1998 Apr 18-19, A 34-nation
trade summit was held over the weekend in Santiago, Chile. Some $45
billion from the Inner-America Development Bank, The World Bank and
the US Agency for Int’l. Development was to be made available for an
array of development projects.
(WSJ, 4/17/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 4/19/98, p.A24)
1998 Apr 18, It was reported
that Richard Mellon Scaife, 4th generation heir to the Mellon
banking fortune, had donated million of dollars over more than 30
years to conservative groups and research centers. He had also
supported groups critical of Pres. Clinton.
(SFC, 4/18/98, p.A7)
1998 Apr 18, Former North
Carolina governor and U.S. Sen. Terry Sanford died in Durham at age
1998 Apr 18, In Cambodia the
Khmer Rouge killed 22 ethnic Vietnamese at Chanok Tru, a fishing
village on Tonle Sap Lake. The remains of Pol Pot were cremated,
three days after the Khmer Rouge leader blamed for the killings of
up to 2 million Cambodians died at age 73.
(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A15)(AP, 4/18/99)
1998 Apr 18, In Canada it was
reported that marijuana revenues from British Columbia were
estimated to be $400 million to over $3 billion.
(SFC, 4/18/98, p.A8)
1998 Apr 18, Eduardo Umana
Mendoza (50), Columbia’s top human rights lawyer, was killed with 6
bullets to the head.
(SFC, 4/20/98, p.A8)(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A18)
1998 Apr 18, In Northern
Ireland the Ulster Unionists, despite fierce internal dissent, voted
to support the peace agreement by a 72% margin.
(SFEC, 4/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/18/99)
1999 Apr 18, Wayne Gretzky
played his last National Hockey League game as his New York Rangers
lost to Pittsburgh 2-1 in overtime at Madison Square Garden.
1999 Apr 18, NATO requested
from Bulgaria the use of its airspace.
(WSJ, 4/19/99, p.A1)
1999 Apr 18, Pres. Kabila of
Congo and Ugandan Pres. Museweni signed a cease-fire agreement that
was mediated by Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy. Rwanda and Congolese
rebels rejected the deal.
(SFC, 5/29/99, p.A11)
1999 Apr 18, Yugoslav troops
crossed into Montenegro and opened fire on a column of ethnic
Albanian refugees near Rozaje. At least 6 people were killed.
(SFC, 4/21/99, p.A1)
1999 Apr 18, In East Timor
weekend violence left as many as 30 people dead, as pro-Indonesia
militia rampaged through Dili.
(WSJ, 4/19/99, p.A1)
1999 Apr 18, In Turkey national
election were held. Voters in early results gave 22% of the vote to
Democratic Left Party of Bulent Ecevit, 15.4% to the Islamic Virtue
Party and 18% to the Nationalist Action Party (MHP) led by Devlet
Bahceli. The Motherland Party won 13% and the True Path won 12%. The
People's Republican Party (CHP) received less than 9% and for the
1st time failed to win any seats.
(SFC, 4/19/99, p.A9)(SFC, 4/20/99, p.A8)(AP,
11/4/02)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.61)
1999 Apr 18, In Turkey 7
provincial capitals in the Kurdish region elected leaders of the
Kurdish nationalist party as mayors.
(SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A18)
1999 Apr 18, In Yugoslavia NATO
bombers hit refineries, bridges and other targets in the 25th
straight day of attacks and the heaviest strikes to date. 70% of
fuel storage capability was now destroyed and Yugoslavia no longer
had the ability to refine oil. In Pancevo a refinery, fertilizer
plant and American-built petrochemical complex were destroyed and a
dense toxic cloud was released with potential long term
consequences. Pancevo’s industrial zone was bombed over 20 times
within a 2-month period and created an environmental disaster.
(SFC, 4/19/99, p.A1,8)(SFC, 7/6/99, p.A8)(AP,
4/18/00)(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A14)
1999 Apr 18, During a speech on
the 19th anniversary of independence Pres. Mugabe said that over
1200 Zimbabweans were dying each week from AIDS.
(SFC, 4/19/99, p.A10)
2000 Apr 18, In his first game
back following a 12-game suspension for making disparaging remarks
about minorities, gays and immigrants, Atlanta’s John Rocker pitched
a scoreless ninth inning in a 4-to-3, 12-inning victory over
2000 Apr 18, In a defeat for
the United States, a United Nations commission in Geneva voted
22-to-18 against censuring China’s human rights record.
2000 Apr 17, In Spokane, Wa.,
Robert L. Yates Jr., a National Guardsman and the father of 5, was
arrested for the murder of a 16-year-old prostitute and suspected in
the murder of as many as 17 other slayings in Washington state. On
Oct 16 Yates agreed to plead guilty to 13 murders to avoid the death
penalty. He was sentenced to 408 years in prison.
(SFC, 4/20/00, p.A10)(SFC, 10/17/00, p.A12)(AP,
2000 Apr 18, The Nasdaq gained
254.41 (7.19%) to 3793.57 for its biggest point gain ever.
(WSJ, 4/19/00, p.C1)
2000 Apr 18, The US FDA
approved the antibiotic Zyvox, made by Pharmacia, for use in
hospitals and other medical settings to treat drug-resistant
(WSJ, 4/19/00, p.A1)
2000 Apr 18, In Michigan
Kenneth Ray Miller (55), a tenant at a senior apartment house in
Lincoln Park, shot and killed 2 women after he was summoned to
discuss complaints about his vulgar language. A 3rd woman died days
(SFC, 4/19/00, p.A3)(SFC, 4/22/00, p.B10)
2000 Apr 18, In Zimbabwe Martin
Olds, a white cattle rancher, was fatally shot by squatters.
(SFC, 4/19/00, p.A10)
2001 Apr 18, US negotiators
said China agreed to discuss the return of the US spy plane
following a day of unproductive talks. Beijing and Washington staked
out opposing positions on who was to blame for the incident.
(SFC, 4/19/01, p.A10)(AP, 4/18/02)
2001 Apr 18, The US Federal
Reserve lowered short term interest rates by a half point to 4.5%.
The DJIA rose 399 to 10,615. Nasdaq rose 156 to 2079.
(SFC, 4/19/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 18, Border fighting
between Bangladesh and India left 16 Indian and 2 Bangladeshi
(WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 18, The Burundi army
put down a coup attempt by junior officers opposed to Pres. Buyoya’s
negotiations with Hutu rebels.
(SFC, 4/19/01, p.A11)
2001 Apr 18, India launched a
rocket carrying a communications satellite.
(SFC, 4/19/01, p.A11)
2001 Apr 18, Iran launched 56
Scud missiles against an Iraq-based opposition group. At least 3
People’s Mujahedeen- Khalq (MEK) camps were hit.
(WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A1)
2001 Apr 18, Israel raided
southern Gaza and leveled a Palestinian police station in response
to mortar attacks.
(SFC, 4/19/01, p.A10)
2001 Apr 18, In Nigeria a
mosque collapsed amid a downpour in a Lagos shantytown and at least
12 children were killed.
(WSJ, 4/20/01, p.A1)
2002 Apr 18, The WSJ announced
the end of its expert vs. dartboard portfolio following a 14-year
(WSJ, 4/18/02, p.c1)
2002 Apr 18, Robert Blake (68),
TV’s detective in the Baretta series, was arrested along with his
bodyguard for the murder of his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley, last May.
Blake was acquitted at his criminal trial but found liable in a
(SFC, 4/19/02, p.A1)(AP, 4/18/07)
2002 Apr 18, An Amtrak train
derailed near Crescent City, Florida. 4 people were killed and 36
injured. The engineer had pulled the emergency brake after he spied
what he thought was deformed track. 3 workers pulled the emergency
brake when they saw a disjointed track.
(SFC, 4/19/02, p.A3)(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A3)(WSJ,
2002 Apr 18, US Astronomers
reported sighting a supernova dubbed SN2002bj, reported to be 135
million light years away and unique in that it died away in days
rather than months.
(SFC, 11/6/09, p.A7)
2002 Apr 18, Afghanistan's
former king, Mohammad Zaher Shah, returned to his country after 29
years in exile.
2002 Apr 18, A US fighter jet
accidentally dropped a laser-guided bomb on Canadian forces near
Kandahar, Afghanistan, and 4 soldiers were killed. On Sep 12 two
U.S. F-16 fighter pilots were charged with manslaughter and assault
in the "friendly fire" bombing of Canadian troops that killed four
soldiers and injured eight. In 2004 USAF pilot Maj. Harry Schmidt
was found guilty of dereliction of duty. He received a reprimand and
was docked a month’s pay.
(SFC, 4/18/02, p.A10)(SFC, 6/19/02,
p.A8)(Reuters, 9/13/02)(SFC, 7/7/04, p.A6)
2002 Apr 18, In Chechnya rebel
explosives killed 21 police officers in Grozny.
(SFC, 4/19/02, p.A19)
2002 Apr 18, In Italy a small
plane crashed into the 25th floor of the 32-story Pirelli building
in Milan. He was killed along with 2 government lawyers working
inside. Pilot Luigi Fasulo (67) made a distress call and flew off
course. Suicide over financial problems was later suspected.
(SFC, 4/19/02, p.A1,16)(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A9)
2002 Apr 18, Thor Heyerdahl
(87), Norwegian head of the 1947 Kon-Tiki voyage, died in northern
(SFC, 4/19/02, p.A2)
2002 Apr 18, Omar Abu Selmia
(15), wired with grenades, was shot and killed by Israeli soldiers
as he tried to enter a Jewish settlement in Gaza.
(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A1)
2003 Apr 18, Scott Peterson was
arrested in San Diego for the death of his wife, Laci, who was eight
months pregnant when she vanished on Christmas Eve. Genetic testing
proved that two bodies found Apr 13-14 near the SF Bay Berkeley
Marina were Laci Peterson and her baby. [see Dec 24, 2002]
(AP, 4/19/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A1)
2003 Apr 18, Burt Rutan,
aircraft designer, unveiled SpaceShipOne, a rocket-powered
spacecraft. He hoped to win the $10 million 1996 X Prize, offered
for the 1st private launch of 3-people to an altitude of 62.5 miles
twice in 2 weeks.
(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A2)
2003 Apr 18, In the Florida
Keys at least 28 pilot whales stranded themselves and 5 were
(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A4)
2003 Apr 18, Iraqi opposition
leader Ahmad Chalabi said he expects an Iraqi interim authority to
take over most government functions from the US military in "a
matter of weeks rather than months." Protesters marched in Baghdad
denouncing US presence. Kurds were reported expelling Arab families
from towns and villages where they had lived decades ago. Samir Abd
al-Aziz al-Najim (4 of clubs), a senior leader of the shattered
Baath party, was handed over to US forces overnight by Iraqi Kurds
near the northern city of Mosul. Iraqi police captured Hikmat
Ibrahim al-Azzawi (8 of diamonds), a deputy prime minister and
number 45 on an American list of the 55 most wanted Iraqis. US
troops in Baghdad uncovered numerous boxes of UC currency estimated
at $650 million. Videotape was shot by a Minnesota television crew
traveling with US troops in Iraq when they first opened the bunkers
at the Al-Qaqaa munitions base nine days after the fall of Saddam
Hussein. The tape shows what appears to be high explosives still in
barrels and bearing the markings of the International Atomic Energy
(AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A1,A10)(AP,
2003 Apr 18, North Korea said
it was ready to begin reprocessing more than 8,000 spent nuclear
fuel rods. US experts said it will give the communist state enough
plutonium to make several atomic bombs.
(AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A3)
2003 Apr 18, At least 13
Filipino devotees were nailed to wooden crosses north of Manila in
an annual Good Friday re-enactment of Jesus Christ's crucifixion.
2003 Apr 18, Poland signed a
deal to buy 48 US-made F-16 jet fighters for $3.5 billion, the
biggest defense contract by a former Soviet bloc country since the
end of the Cold War.
2003 Apr 18, The IMF approved
the release of $701 million in loans to Turkey, part of an $18
billion package approved in Feb 2002.
(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A12)
2003 Apr 18, In north central
Venezuela a fight between inmates wielding homemade knives and
machetes left 11 dead and 40 injured inside a maximum security
2004 Apr 18, Ratu Sir Kamisese
Mara (83), Fiji's first prime minister and a key U.S. ally in the
South Pacific during the Cold War, died. The paramount chief of the
Lau Islands of eastern Fiji, he was revered for holding together
bickering tribes as he welded Fiji into a stable, multiracial nation
after 96 years of colonial British rule.
2004 Apr 18, In Indonesia
Presidential front-runner Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said he had
chosen the country's popular welfare minister as his running mate,
forging a ticket that polls show could easily defeat incumbent
Megawati Sukarnoputri in July.
2004 Apr 18, Koken Nosaka (79),
Japanese lawmaker, died. He was a former top government spokesman
under Japan's first Socialist prime minister in the post-World War
2004 Apr 18, Hamas secretly
appointed a new Gaza Strip chief. Dr. Mahmoud Zahar was appointed as
the group's 3rd leader.
(AP, 4/18/04)(SFC, 4/23/04, p.A16)
2004 Apr 18, In Libya Moammar
Gadhafi called for the abolition of Libya's three decade-old
exceptional courts and other strict laws criticized by human rights
2004 Apr 18, North Korean
leader Kim Jong Il crossed into China in a special train for a
summit to discuss the North's nuclear weapons program with the
2004 Apr 18, Rodriguez
Zapatero, Spain's new PM, ordered the withdrawal of 1,300 Spanish
troops from Iraq.
(SFC, 4/19/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 18, The UN reported
that at least 50,000 people have fled their homes in recent weeks
because of militia attacks and fighting between Sudanese government
and rebel forces in southern Sudan.
2005 Apr 18, The Boston
Marathon was won by Hailu Negusie of Ethiopia, 2:11:45; Catherine
Ndereba of Kenya became the first woman to win a fourth Boston
Marathon with a time of 2:25:13.
(WSJ, 4/19/05, p.A1)(AP, 4/18/06)
2005 Apr 18, Lance Armstrong
announced he was retiring after the upcoming Tour de France.
2005 Apr 18, The annual Goldman
Environmental Prizes were awarded in San Francisco. Recipients
included Isidro Baldenegro of Mexico (forest protection), Rev. Jose
Andres Tamayo Cortes of Honduras (unregulated logging), Kaisha
Atakhanova of Kazakhstan (fighting the import of nuclear waste),
Corneille E.N. Ewango of Congo (animal and plant protection),
Stephanie Daniel Roth of Romania (for fighting an open-cast gold
mine), and Chavannes Jean-Baptiste of Haiti (for teaching
(SFC, 4/18/05, p.B2)
2005 Apr 18, Adobe Systems
announced a $3.1 billion all stock merger with Macromedia.
(SFC, 4/19/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 18, Australia and
China agreed to start talks on a free trade pact. Visiting PM John
Howard also announcing Canberra's recognition of China as free
2005 Apr 18, The UN Security
Council voted unanimously to widen the arms embargo in Congo as part
of stepped-up efforts to bring peace to the African country's
2005 Apr 18, In Ecuador
anti-government protests spread from Quito as a river of
demonstrators poured into the streets of Guayaquil to demand that
President Lucio Gutierrez step down.
2005 Apr 18, India and Pakistan
agreed to open up the militarized frontier dividing Kashmir, capping
a landmark visit to New Delhi by President Pervez Musharraf.
2005 Apr 18, Iran suspended the
nationwide operations of Arab TV broadcaster Al-Jazeera, accusing it
of inflaming violent protests by the Arab minority in its southwest.
2005 Apr 18, Iraqi security
forces, backed by U.S. military, swept into Madain, a town south of
Baghdad, but found no hostages despite reports that Sunni militants
had kidnapped as many as 100 Shiites there.
2005 Apr 18, Italy's Prime
Minister Silvio Berlusconi agreed a deal with rebel ministers of the
Christian Democrat UDC party to form a new centre-right government
and avoid snap elections.
2005 Apr 18, Lebanese lawmaker
Bassel Fleihan (41), a former economy minister, died of wounds
received 2 months ago in a bombing that killed his close friend,
former PM Rafik Hariri.
2005 Apr 18, Madagascar’s Pres.
Ravalomanana signed a $110 million, 4-year aid package in
Washington, designed to fix problems with corruption and local bank
loans. The grant was from the Millennium Challenge Account, unveiled
by Pres. Bush in 2002 to fund honest governments pursuing sound
(WSJ, 4/18/05, p.A1)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.75)
2006 Apr 18, Pres. Bush
nominated former Ohio Rep. Rob Portman to head the White House
(SFC, 4/19/06, p.A1)
2006 Apr 18, Chinese President
Hu Jintao arrived in Washington state, toured the Redmond campus of
Microsoft and had dinner at the home of MS Corp. Chairman Bill
2006 Apr 18, In a plea deal
unsealed in federal court, US contractor Philip Bloom admitted that
between December 2003 and December 2005, he conspired with some
public officials, including several U.S. Army officers, to rig bids
on Iraq rebuilding contracts.
2006 Apr 18, Two Duke
University lacrosse players were arrested on charges of raping and
kidnapping a stripper hired to dance at an off-campus party on March
13. The DA said he hoped to charge a third person soon. A Dec
pre-trial hearing disclosed that no DNA material from the players
had been found in the stripper and that this information had been
withheld in an initial report. DNA evidence from several other men
was found. In late December rape counts were dropped when the
alleged victim changed her story. On April 11, 2007, all charges
were dropped. Stuart Taylor and K.C. Johnson soon authored “Until
Proven Innocent" (2007), their evaluation of the incident and
(AP, 4/18/06)(WSJ, 12/23/06, p.A1)(SSFC,
12/24/06, p.A18)(Econ, 9/15/07, p.46)
2006 Apr 18, In SF thousands
gathered for the 100 year anniversary of the 1906 earthquake.
(SFC, 4/19/06, p.A1)
2006 Apr 18, Josephine Crawford
(84), a Galloway Township widow, hit a $10 million jackpot, the
biggest in the history of casino gambling in Atlantic City, NJ.
2006 Apr 18, In Rhode Island
the 1940 Jamestown Bridge was demolished. It connected North
Kingstown and Jamestown and was replaced by the Jamestown-Verrazano
(SFC, 4/19/06, p.A3)
2006 Apr 18, Australia said it
will send up to 110 troops to the Solomon Islands to help restore
calm after the election of a new prime minister sparked rioting.
2006 Apr 18, Christian
Schwarz-Schilling, Bosnia's international administrator, said the
international community should end its decade-long control and allow
Bosnia to assume the responsibilities of a "normal" democracy.
2006 Apr 18, In northern
Baghdad clashes left 5 Iraqis dead and six people, including
civilians, wounded. A bomb exploded at a Baghdad cafe frequented by
police in the eastern neighborhood of Suleikh, killing at least
three policemen and four civilians and wounding more than 20 other
people. Authorities discovered 15 dead men shot in the head in
various parts of Baghdad.
(AP, 4/18/06)(SFC, 4/19/06, p.A8)
2006 Apr 18, Israel decided to
revoke the Jerusalem residency rights of four Hamas lawmakers, a
response to a suicide bombing that killed nine civilians in a Tel
Aviv restaurant. Israeli aircraft fired missiles at a metal workshop
in Gaza City.
2006 Apr 18, Jordan accused
Hamas activists of smuggling missiles and other weapons into the
kingdom and said it was canceling a planned visit of the Palestinian
foreign minister, the second diplomatic snub for the Hamas-led
government in a week. Jordan later reported that it had detained
more than 20 Hamas activists for smuggling arms from Syria.
(AP, 4/18/06)(AP, 5/10/06)
2006 Apr 18, In Kenya officials
said the Sabaki River, swollen by heavy rains, had overflowed its
banks, forcing at least 10,000 people to flee their homes.
2006 Apr 18, In Mongolia
thousands of demonstrators marched outside government headquarters,
burning effigies of the nation's leaders and demanding their
resignations because of alleged corruption and the mishandling of
2006 Apr 18, In Morocco an
appeals court upheld record damages imposed on a weekly newsmagazine
in a defamation suit that some rights groups say the government is
using to intimidate independent media.
2006 Apr 18, Noor Jehan, a
14-year-old Pakistani girl, was shot 5 times by male relatives over
a rebuffed marriage proposal and left for dead on the outskirts of
Karachi. She died at a hospital in Karachi on May 21.
2006 Apr 18, A security
official said Saudi authorities arrested five suspected terrorists
linked to the February 24 deadly attack on the world's largest oil
2006 Apr 18, Mobs of Solomon
Islanders looted stores, torched buildings and cars, and pelted
police with stones after lawmakers elected Snyder Rini as the new
prime minister. He associated with a previous administration accused
of corruption. Seven officers were injured.
2006 Apr 18, Thailand's
government said it will extend a state of emergency in southern
Thailand as part of measures to combat a Muslim insurgency that has
left over 1,000 people dead.
2006 Apr 18, Greenpeace said in
a new report that more than 90,000 people were likely to die of
cancers caused by radiation from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster,
countering a United Nations report that predicted the death toll
would be around 4,000.
2006 Apr 18, Vietnam's
communist party opened its 10th five-yearly congress. The 8-day
session, likely to reshuffle the national leadership, opened
with a stern warning from party General Secretary Nong Duc Manh that
corruption threatens the regime's survival. During the session Bloc
8406, a new dissident group, emerged with a “manifesto on freedom
(AFP, 4/18/06)(Econ, 4/26/08, SR p.16)
2007 Apr 18, The US Supreme
Court, in a 5-4 ruling, upheld the 2003 nationwide ban on a
controversial abortion procedure known as dilation and extraction,
handing abortion opponents the long-awaited victory they expected
from a more conservative bench.
(AP, 4/18/07)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.34)
2007 Apr 18, The DJIA rose
30.80 to a record 12,803.84. Nasdaq fell 6.45 to 2,510.
(SFC, 4/19/07, p.C1)(WSJ, 4/19/07, p.C1)
2007 Apr 18, US research found
that Ethanol-fueled vehicles could contribute to more illnesses and
deaths from respiratory disease than gasoline-powered cars and
2007 Apr 18, More than 100
journalists protested a police raid ordered by Afghanistan's
attorney general on a private TV station that has fueled concern
over growing government harassment of the media. Afghan and US-led
coalition forces clashed with Taliban fighters and called in an
airstrike in southern Afghanistan, leaving 24 suspected militants
dead and two coalition soldiers wounded. Three other suspected
militants were reported killed in the western provinces. In eastern
Afghanistan coalition and Afghan forces arrested five suspected
al-Qaida. A US-led coalition convoy hit a boy in Kabul and killed
(AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/19/07)
2007 Apr 18, A catamaran was
discovered deserted off Australia’s Great Barrier Reef with the
sails up, engine running and food on the table. Its crew of 3 was
last seen April 15.
2007 Apr 18, Bangladesh's
military-backed emergency government exiled opposition leader Sheikh
Hasina Wajed as it stepped up a massive purge of the crisis-wracked
country's political hierarchy.
2007 Apr 18, The British
Foreign Office expressed disappointment and disagreement with a
National Union of Journalists vote to call for a boycott on Israeli
2007 Apr 18, A report said
Britain has the worst level of drug abuse in Europe, and the second
highest level of drug-related deaths.
2007 Apr 18, Burundi, Rwanda,
the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda adopted a joint military
strategy to fight rebel groups operating in the war-scarred Great
2007 Apr 18, The futuristic No.
D460 bullet train departed Shanghai Station, heralding a new era of
high-speed rail travel in China. In northeast China at least 32
workers were killed and two injured when they were engulfed in
white-hot molten steel in a metal factory.
(AFP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/18/07)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.70)
2007 Apr 18, In Colombia
thousands of people were evacuated after a long-dormant volcano
erupted, provoking avalanches and floods that swept away houses and
bridges. The Nevado del Huila volcano's eruptions were its first on
record since Colombia was colonized by the Spanish 500 years ago.
2007 Apr 18, At least 16
Egyptian secondary school students were killed on their way to
school when a truck they were riding in collided head-on with
another vehicle south of Cairo.
2007 Apr 18, Ultrasound
machines in India, primarily sold by GE, were reported to be linked
to a declining sex ratio, even though laws forbade doctors from
disclosing the sex of fetuses. Female fetuses were widely aborted
due to high dowry costs.
(WSJ, 4/18/07, p.A1)
2007 Apr 18, Iraq’s Pres.
Maliki declared that Iraqi forces would take over security of the
entire country by the end of this year. A few hours later a parked
car bomb detonated in a crowd of workers at the Sadriyah market in
central Baghdad, killing some 140 people and wounding 148 including
men who were rebuilding the market after a Feb. 3 bombing left 137
dead. A suicide car bomber crashed into an Iraqi police checkpoint
at an entrance to Sadr City killing at least 30 people, including
five Iraqi security officers. A parked car exploded near a private
hospital in the central neighborhood of Karradah, killing 11 people
and wounding 13. A fourth explosion from a bomb left on a minibus in
the northwestern Risafi area, killed four people and wounded six
others. 4 policemen were killed when gunmen ambushed their patrol
south of the city center. US troops killed five suspected insurgents
and captured 30 others in a raid in Anbar province. A suspected
insurgent was killed and eight captured in two raids north of
Baghdad. More than 230 people died in one of the war's deadliest
episodes of violence. Britain turned Maysan province over to Iraqi
(AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/19/07)(SFC, 4/19/07,
p.A10)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.54)
2007 Apr 18, Mexican police and
soldiers battled gunmen at a hospital in Tijuana in violence that
left at least three people dead before the authorities subdued the
attackers. Authorities said next day that the gunmen were hit men
for the city's Arellano Felix drug cartel.
(AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/19/07)
2007 Apr 18, Scientists in the
Netherlands said they have discovered a fungus in elephant dung that
will help them break down fibers and wood into biofuel.
2007 Apr 18, Nigeria's
government rejected an opposition call to postpone the presidential
election following widespread abuses in state polls last weekend.
Nigerian soldiers killed at least 25 Islamic militants, in the
second day of violent clashes in Kano.
(AFP, 4/18/07)(Reuters, 4/18/07)
2007 Apr 18, Russian police
raided Educated Media Foundation, an independent Russian
organization. Police said the search was linked to a criminal case
launched against the director after she failed to declare some
$12,500 in cash she brought into the country on January 21.
Foundation President Manana Aslamazyan said this was likely linked
to growing government pressure on Western-funded NGOs. Aslamazyan
fled to Paris and authorities shuttered the foundation.
(AP, 4/20/07)(AP, 4/24/07)(SFC, 6/30/07, p.A7)
2007 Apr 18, In Somalia
overnight street battles in Mogadishu left at least 11 people dead
and dozens others injured.
2007 Apr 18, In central Turkey
assailants in Malatya tied up three people at a publishing house
that distributes Bibles and then slit their throats. Tilmann Geske
(46), a German missionary, and two Turkish Christians were killed.
Five young men were detained and charged with murder; they allegedly
said they killed to protect Islam.
(AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/24/07)
2007 Apr 18, The UN Security
Council expressed "serious concern" at mounting reports of weapons
being smuggled from Syria to Lebanon and authorized an independent
mission to evaluate monitoring of the border between the two
2008 Apr 18,
President George W. Bush and South Korea's leader Lee
Myung-bak held talks on pushing ahead with a huge free trade deal
and fortifying their half-century security alliance. Bush welcomed
Lee at Camp David for the two-day talks, that are to include their
economic and defense teams. Just hours before the Bush-Lee talks,
South Korea announced it had agreed to give US beef greater access
to its market.
2008 Apr 18, A magnitude 5.2
earthquake hit southern Illinois in the Ozark Dome region and was
felt across the Midwest.
(SFC, 4/19/08, p.A5)
2008 Apr 18, In New Jersey 5
people were shot and 3 others stabbed in 4 separate incidents in
(SFC, 4/21/08, p.A3)
2008 Apr 18, In Afghanistan the
son of the Netherlands' top military officer was killed by a
roadside bomb, the day after his father assumed command of the Dutch
2008 Apr 18, In Bolivia
American rancher Ronald Larsen, who has extensive land holdings
there, and his son Duston were named in a criminal complaint for
"sedition, robbery, and other crimes." Ronald Larsen, of Montana,
was accused of firing on the vehicle Alejandro Almaraz, the Deputy
Minister of Land. and holding the minister hostage as he tried to
carry out a government inspection of Larsen's ranch in southern
Bolivia on February 29. Larson said Almaraz was drunk and had showed
up at the ranch at three in the morning.
2008 Apr 18, The Royal Canadian
Mounted Police arrested Benoit Corbeil, a former senior Liberal
official, on fraud charges in connection with an advertising scandal
that helped topple the Liberal government in 2006.
2008 Apr 18, In Chile 5
high-ranking retired navy officers were indicted for the abduction,
torture and killing a British-Chilean priest and other dissidents in
the days following Chile's 1973 military coup.
2008 Apr 18,
In China 56 fishermen were reported missing as one of the
earliest typhoons to hit the region in six decades barreled down on
the southern island of Hainan. 38 swam to a reef area after their
boats were damaged leaving 18 still missing.
(AP, 4/18/08)(AP, 4/19/08)
2008 Apr 18, Ecuador's
constitutional assembly approved a decree revoking most of the
mining concessions in the country, following up on the leftist
government's pledge to take greater control over natural resources.
2008 Apr 18, Iraqi police said
a company of government troops in Sadr City retreated when they came
under attack from Shiite militiamen who used the cover of a
sandstorm. Overnight clashed killed two people and injured nine.
Ayman al-Zawahri, Al-Qaida's No. 2, said in a new audiotape that the
US will lose whether it stays in Iraq or withdraws, and he sneered
that President Bush just wants to pass the problem on to his
successor. It was reported that US commanders have begun releasing
Iraqi detainees. 8,000 have been released since September with plans
to release half of the 23,000 currently held.
(AP, 4/18/08)(WSJ, 4/18/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 18,
The Israeli government revealed plans to build 100 homes in
two Jewish settlements, one of them deep in the West Bank, in
violation of its pledge to freeze settlement expansion. The Al Aqsa
Martyrs' Brigades said Hani Al-Kabi, a leader of the group in the
Balata refugee camp, was killed by Israeli troops during a raid in
2008 Apr 18, In western Mexico
a military helicopter crashed, killing 11 soldiers and seriously
2008 Apr 18,
In Mongolia more than 20,000 people flooded the center of the
capital, Ulan Bator, to demand that the government do something
about rising food prices that have nearly tripled in some cases.
2008 Apr 18, In Morocco French
PM Francois Fillon announced the signing of economic tie-ups with
Morocco, alongside the sale of a naval warship to aid defense
2008 Apr 18, In southern Nepal
Rudra Bahadur Singh, a candidate in last week's election from a
party that supports Nepal's discredited king, was fatally shot.
2008 Apr 18, In the northern
Philippines a passenger bus plunged into a ravine, killing nine
people and injuring more than 20.
2008 Apr 18,
In Singapore J.B. Jeyaretnam (82), interim secretary general
of the Reform Party, vowed to fight what it called the "enslavement"
of Singapore after nearly half-a-century of rule by the People's
Action Party (PAP).
2008 Apr 18,
South Africa's main transport union thwarted the delivery of a
controversial shipment of Chinese arms destined for Zimbabwe, saying
its workers would not offload the cargo. The Chinese ship left the
South African harbor and headed for neighboring Mozambique. Angola
and Mozambique said the ship is not welcome. China defended the
cargo against international criticism.
(AFP, 4/18/08)(AP, 4/19/08)(AFP, 4/22/08)(SFC,
2008 Apr 18,
Spain's newly re-elected government announced an
18-billion-euro plan to revive the economy, which is suffering a
slowdown after a decade-long boom that had been the envy of the rest
2008 Apr 18,
Former US Pres. Jimmy Carter arrived in Syria where he met
Pres. Bashar Assad, the political leader of the militant Palestinian
Hamas group and Syrian businessmen.
2008 Apr 18,
Thailand's PM Samak Sundaravej said that Thais should be
honored the Olympic torch is passing through their country and
protesters have no reason to disrupt the relay. Up to 2,000 police
will guard the April 19 relay, a 6.3-mile run.
2008 Apr 18, In northern Yemen
gunmen assassinated Saleh Hendi, a ruling party lawmaker, along with
2009 Apr 18, The Obama
administration said it will boycott the April 20-25 UN conference on
racism due to objectionable language in the meeting’s final draft
(SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A13)
2009 Apr 18, In Texas 5 Houston
children died after their sedan slid into a rain-swollen ditch when
driver Chanton Jenkins (32) lost control while trying to answer a
cell phone. Police the next day filed intoxication manslaughter
charges against Jenkins, the father of 3 of the victims.
(AP, 4/19/09)(AP, 4/20/09)(WSJ, 4/20/09, p.A7)
2009 Apr 18, In central
Afghanistan NATO-led forces and Afghan troops killed 3 suspected
militants during a raid in Logar province, where insurgent attacks
have spiked this year. At least two other suspected militants died
in an airstrike in southern Kandahar province. A roadside bomb
targeting a police vehicle in Kandahar city killed a woman and
wounded five other people including three civilians.
2009 April 18, Eddie George
(70), British central banker, died. He had helped give Britain over
40 successful quarters of economic growth.
(Econ, 4/25/09, p.90)
2009 Apr 18, In Egypt the
state-run newspaper Al-Ahram reported that an Egyptian woman has
contracted bird flu in the second case in the country in as many
2009 Apr 18, In southern
Egypt Muslim gunmen shot dead two Coptic Christians as they left
church after an Easter vigil, in an apparent five-year-old vendetta.
2009 Apr 18, French and Spanish
security forces thwarted a new ETA attack with the arrest of Jurdan
Martitegi, the military chief of the Basque separatist group, and
seven other suspected members.
(AFP, 4/19/09)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.56)
2009 Apr 18, Jon Anza Ortunez
(47), a member of the armed Basque group ETA, was last seen. ETA
blamed Spanish police for a role in his disappearance — a claim
Spain denied. ETA said Anza had been transporting a large sum of
money between the French cities of Bayonne, which is not far from
the border with Spain, and Toulouse for the group when he vanished.
In 2010 his body turned up in a morgue in France. French officials
told Anza's family that he had fallen ill on a street on April 29
and was taken to a hospital in Toulouse, where he died May 11. At
the time, no one was reportedly able to identify him.
2009 Apr 18, Eight Mexican law
enforcement officers were killed in an unsuccessful attack on a
police convoy attempting to prevent the transfer of an important
drug suspect to a prison in western Mexico. The attack appeared to
have been an attempt to free Jeronimo Gamez, a top lieutenant
of the Beltran-Leyva cartel, was arrested on the outskirts of Mexico
City in January. Officers managed to deliver Gamez and eight other
detainees to the prison despite the attacks.
(AP, 4/19/09)(AP, 4/20/09)
2009 Apr 18, In Mexico one
train apparently ran into another on the recently inaugurated
Suburban Railway bordering Mexico City. At least 70 people were
2009 Apr 18, In northwest
Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into a
military checkpoint near the Orakzai tribal region, killing at least
(AP, 4/18/09)(SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A6)
2009 Apr 18, A Palestinian teen
(16) was fatally shot by Israeli troops after throwing firebombs at
the gate of the Beit El Jewish settlement in the West Bank. A
Palestinian man drove his Mercedes into two Israeli policemen
checking motorists at a checkpoint outside Jerusalem. The driver was
arrested after he told police he targeted the officers. Officials
announced that the border crossing between Gaza and Egypt would be
open over the weekend to let medical patients leave the blockaded
2009 Apr 18, Philippine
security forces rescued Andreas Notter (38), a Swiss Red Cross
worker held hostage since January 15 by Islamic guerrillas. The
government said it had no immediate details about a 2nd
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) hostage, Italian
national Eugenio Vagni (62), who was believed to be unwell and in
need of hernia surgery.
2009 Apr 18, Somali
parliamentarians unanimously endorsed a proposal to implement
Islamic law in the Horn of Africa nation.
2009 Apr 18, Somali pirates
attacked two ships off the Horn of Africa, seizing the
Belgian-flagged Pompei carrying 10 crew. NATO forces intervened in
the other assault, chasing the pirates down. Dutch commandos then
freed 20 fishermen on a Yemeni dhow hijacked earlier. Seven pirates
attempted to attack the Norwegian-flagged MV Front Ardenne but fled
after crew took evasive maneuvers and alerted warships in the area.
NATO warships and helicopters pursued the Somali pirates for seven
hours after they attacked the tanker, and the high-speed chase only
ended when warning shots were fired at the pirates' skiff. NATO
forces boarded the skiff, where they found a rocket-propelled
grenade, and interrogated, disarmed and released the pirates. The
Pompei and its crew were released on June 28.
(AP, 4/18/09)(AP, 4/19/09)(AP, 6/28/09)
2009 Apr 18, In Sri Lanka 17
rebels were killed and 22 wounded in offensives aimed at clearing
new escape routes for the civilians and a road link for the military
to enter the zone. According to the military more than 2,800
civilians were able to flee the war zone.
2009 Apr 18, The 34-nation
weekend Summit of the Americas opened in Trinidad. Cuba, as the
region's only non-democracy, was not invited. Pres. Obama signaled
he was ready to accept Cuban President Raul Castro's proposal of
talks on issues once off-limits for Havana, including the scores of
political prisoners held by the communist government.
2009 Apr 18, In Turkey
thousands of people marched to the mausoleum of the country’s
secular founder to protest the arrests of university professors and
other secularists accused of involvement in an alleged plot to
topple the Islamic-rooted government.
2009 Apr 18, About 140 migrants
remained stranded aboard a Turkish cargo ship for a third day as
Malta and Italy argued about which country should accept them.
2009 Apr 18, Venezuela’s Hugo
Chavez said that he is restoring Venezuela's ambassador in
Washington, voicing hopes for a "new era" in relations after
exchanging greetings with US President Barack Obama at a regional
summit in Trinidad. Chavez presented Obama with a Spanish hardcover
edition of "Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the
Pillage of a Continent" (1971), by Uruguayan journalist Eduardo
(AP, 4/18/09)(WSJ, 4/27/09, p.A13)
2009 Apr 18, Zimbabweans
celebrated their first Independence Day under a coalition
government, with President Robert Mugabe calling for national
conciliation as he shared the stage with his former political rival.
2010 Apr 18, The Int’l.
Cannabis and Hemp Expo closed at the Cow Palace, Daly City, Ca. it
was the first trade show in the US to allow on-site pot smoking and
attracted some 15,000 enthusiasts over the weekend.
(SFC, 4/19/10, p.C1)
2010 Apr 18, The Afghan
Interior Ministry said at least 29 militants, including two
commanders, have been killed over four days of intense fighting
aimed at protecting supply routes through northern Afghanistan. One
person was killed and 14 wounded when a remote-controlled bomb
exploded in the town of Dawlatabad in northern Faryab province.
2010 Apr 18, Chinese President
Hu Jintao called on rescuers to keep searching for survivors as he
visited victims of a powerful quake in Tibet that left some 2,064
(AP, 4/18/10)(AP, 4/19/10)(AP, 4/21/10)
2010 Apr 18, Turkish Cypriots
voted for a new leader, aware that their choice could lead to a
deadlock in peace talks and possibly jeopardize Turkey's bid for EU
membership. Nationalist Dervis Eroglu narrowly defeated leftist
incumbent Mehmet Ali Talat in the election with 50.38 percent of the
vote, promising to continue reunification talks with rival Greek
Cypriots. Talat drew 42.85 percent. With a clear mandate, there is
little incentive for Eroglu to abandon his support for two separate
states on the island.
(AP, 4/18/10)(AP, 4/19/10)
2010 Apr 18, Iran’s pro-reform
Sharq daily said that filmmaker Mohammad Nourizad was convicted on
charges of spreading propaganda against the clerical establishment
and insulting the country's leaders. Nourizad was arrested in
November after writing a protest letter to the country's supreme
leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, urging him to apologize to the nation
for the bloody crackdown on the opposition movement after the
disputed June presidential elections. In May it was later reported
that Nourizad was beaten in prison and had gone on a hunger strike.
(AP, 4/18/10)(AP, 5/20/10)
2010 Apr 18, In Iraq Abu Omar
al-Baghdadi and Abu Ayyub al-Masri, leaders of al-Qaida in Iraq,
were killed in a nighttime raid on their safehouse near Tikrit. 4
dead men were identified as al-Masri, his assistant, al-Baghdadi and
al-Baghdadi's son. An American soldier died of non-combat related
(AP, 4/19/10)(AP, 4/20/10)
2010 Apr 18, In Nigeria gunmen
abducted two Germans who sought respite along a beach in the
oil-rich and violent southern region.
2010 Apr 18, In northwestern
Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed a truck loaded with explosives into
a police station in the Kohat area, killing a child and six other
civilians. The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility.
2010 Apr 18, In the Philippines
Justice Secretary Alberto Agra said he has ordered prosecutors to
remove the names of Zaldy Ampatuan, a former governor of a Muslim
autonomous region, and his brother-in-law Akhmad from the charge
sheets for lack of strong evidence linking them to the planning and
staging of the Nov 23, 2009, carnage in Maguindanao's Ampatuan
2010 Apr 18, In Somalia at
least 10 people died, including five government soldiers, when a
land mine exploded near a police station in south Mogadishu
2010 Apr 18, Somali pirates
hijacked three Thai fishing vessels, the MV Prantalay 11, 12, and
14, with 77 crew aboard more than 1,200 miles (1,930 km) off the
Somali coast, the farthest-off-shore attack to date.
2010 Apr 18, Thailand's
military declared Bangkok's main shopping boulevard unsafe because
of large crowds of anti-government protesters and sent soldiers to
nearby high-rise buildings to watch for any violence. The
elite-backed "Yellow Shirts" vowed to take action if the government
fails to deal with red-clad protesters within a week, raising fears
of clashes between the rival groups.
(AP, 4/18/10)(AFP, 4/18/10)
2010 Apr 18, Turkey's navy
commandos aboard the TCG Gelibolu frigate captured 13 Somali-based
pirates in the Indian Ocean. They destroyed two skiffs and
confiscated other pirate material.
2010 Apr 18, Pope Benedict XVI
met in Malta with a group of clerical sex-abuse victims and promised
them with tears in his eyes that the Catholic Church would seek
justice for pedophile priests and implement "effective measures" to
protect young people from abuse. 10 Maltese men came forward earlier
this month saying they wanted to meet with the pope to tell him
their stories and to request an apology. They said they were abused
by 4 priests at a Catholic orphanage.
2010 Apr 18, In Yemen soldiers
killed 2 suspected members of al-Qaida wanted by police and arrested
a third in an exchange of fire at a checkpoint near the country's
Red Sea coast.
2010 Apr 18, Zimbabwe President
Robert Mugabe pledged to move ahead with plans to hand over 51
percent control of businesses to blacks under a controversial
program. Addressing a rally to mark 30 years of independence from
Britain, Mugabe urged Zimbabweans to end political violence and
focus on rebuilding a devastated economy.
2011 Apr 18, US investor
William Browder said a Moscow tax official, who approved a
fraudulent $230 million tax return in 2007, has bought luxury real
estate in Moscow, Dubai and Montenegro and wired money through her
husband's bank accounts worth $39 million. Browder has been
campaigning against Russian corruption since 2009 when his lawyer,
Sergey Magnitsky, died a year after being sent to prison.
2011 Apr 18, Two airline
employees came to the aid of a woman that was being raped at Denver
Int’l. Airport. Noel Bertrand (26) was later charged with sexual
2011 Apr 18, In North Carolina
Crystal Mangum (32) was indicted on a charge of first-degree murder
and two counts of larceny. She has been in jail since April 3, when
police charged her with assault in the stabbing of her boyfriend
Reginald Daye (46). He died after nearly two weeks at a hospital.
Mangum had falsely accused white lacrosse players of raping her at a
2006 party for which she was hired to perform as a stripper.
2011 Apr 18, In Afghanistan a
suicide bomber killed two soldiers in the Defense Ministry in Kabul
in the third attack on security installations in four days. The
attacker was shot dead before he set off his explosives. Afghan and
Iranian officials said armed assailants have kidnapped 12 Iranians
and 2 Afghans building a road in western Farah province. 3 of the
men were released April 19 and the rest on April 20 with the help of
local tribal elders.
(Reuters, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/19/11)(AP, 4/20/11)
2011 Apr 18, In Argentina
Victor Oscar Martinez (52), the sole witness to the 1977 death of
Bishop Carlos Horacio Ponce de Leon, disappeared. He was released
late April 20, hours after the president ordered all federal forces
to search for him.
(SFC, 4/21/11, p.A2)(AP, 4/21/11)
2011 Apr 18, Bahrain’s Foreign
Minister Sheikh Khaled bin Ahmad al-Khalifa said Gulf troops will
stay until its Sunni rulers are satisfied that threats from Iran
have eased amid an ongoing crackdown on dissent. He also said
Bahrain does not seek to dissolve the main Shiite opposition group
Al-Wefaq, and wants it as a "partner for the future."
(AP, 4/18/11)(AFP, 4/18/11)
2011 Apr 18, In Botswana nearly
90,000 public sector workers went on strike demanding a 16% pay
raise after a 3-year wage freeze. The government proceeded to fire
1,400 striking health care workers including some 50 doctors. After
8 weeks public workers settled for three percent after the
government insisted it could not afford a larger increase.
(Econ, 6/11/11, p.55)(AFP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 6/27/12)
2011 Apr 18, In Burkina Faso
students burned down the ruling party headquarters and the prime
minister’s house in Koudougou as a soldier’s mutiny spread.
(SFC, 4/19/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 18, In CongoDRC at
least 23 people died when a truck crashed into an area where young
girls were collecting water outside the eastern city of Goma.
2011 Apr 18, Cuban delegates at
a Communist Party summit approved about 313 “guidelines" for
economic reforms in a unanimous vote, including a measure that
apparently recommends the legalization the buying and selling of
(AP, 4/19/11)(Econ, 3/24/12, SR p.3)
2011 Apr 18, Greece's public
order minister said residents of Keratea, a town near Athens, have
pledged to suspend nearly four months of often violent protests over
a planned rubbish dump, pending talks with officials.
2011 Apr 18, Hungary's
center-right-dominated parliament adopted a socially and fiscally
conservative new constitution, with 262 votes in favor, 44 against
and one member abstaining. It included a ban on gay marriage
protection of the life of a fetus from conception.
(AFP, 4/18/11)(SFC, 4/19/11, p.A2)
2011 Apr 18, India's Supreme
Court banned travelling circuses from employing children and ordered
the government to conduct raids on all performing companies to
2011 Apr 18, In Iraq suicide
bombers detonated two explosives-packed cars outside Baghdad's
heavily fortified Green Zone, killing at least 9 people and wounding
23. Two carloads of robbers stormed two jewelry shops in Baghdad's
eastern al-Amin area, sparking a shootout with police. A shop owner
and a customer were killed. Police also shot dead one of the robbers
before the attackers fled with a bag of gold and gems. Gunmen
stormed a house in Kirkuk, a northern, ethnically mixed city,
killing 3 Shiite Arab women who had recently moved there.
(AP, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/19/11)
2011 Apr 18, Italian chocolate
tycoon Pietro Ferrero (47) fell off his bike while riding in South
Africa and died. A heart attack was suspected.
2011 Apr 18, In Japan a pair of
thin robots on treads sent to explore buildings inside the crippled
Fukushima nuclear reactor came back with disheartening news:
Radiation levels are far too high for repair crews to go inside.
2011 Apr 18, In Libya forces
loyal to Muammar Gaddafi bombarded Misrata with rockets and
artillery. A senior UN official said Gadhafi's government has
promised the UN access to Misrata, following weeks of heavy shelling
of the city by government forces. A doctor reported 1,000 people
killed in six weeks of fighting in the besieged city.
(AP, 4/18/11)(AFP, 4/18/11)
2011 Apr 18, Mexico’s military
captured nine suspects in connection with the killings of at least
145 people whose bodies were found starting early this month in pits
in the township of San Fernando, in the border state of Tamaulipas.
In 2014 federal prosecutors said local police in San Fernando were
involved in the massacres of 193 mainly Central American migrants,
whose bodies were found in mass graves in April and May, 2011.
(AP, 4/20/11)(AP, 12/22/14)
2011 Apr 18, The Nigerian Red
Cross said rioting in cities across northern Nigeria has killed many
people with homes, churches and mosques set ablaze as election
officials released results showing the Christian incumbent had
gained an insurmountable lead.
(Reuters, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/18/11)
2011 Apr 18, Hamas police
besieged a house in Gaza where al-Qaida-inspired militants
implicated in the slaying of Italian activist Vittorio Arrigoni were
holed up, trading gunfire with the suspects after they refused to
surrender. Two Salafists were killed in the shootout.
(AP, 4/19/11)(Econ, 4/30/11, p.50)
2011 Apr 18, Spain raised 4.66
billion euros in short-term debt but had to pay more than previously
as Portugal's bailout talks sparked fresh fears over Madrid's
ability to stabilize its own public finances.
2011 Apr 18, Spanish police
arrested Sicilian mafia fugitive Claudio Adriano Giusto (43) after
13 years on the run for murder and robbery. Giusto was accused of
shooting and killing Giuseppe Magaddino with a 7.65 mm firearm and
then taking his wallet in Italy in March 1998.
2011 Apr 18, A Sudanese army
helicopter crashed in North Darfur, killing all five people on
2011 Apr 18, In Syria at least
seven people were killed when security forces fired into a crowd in
the flashpoint town of Homs, as nationwide protests showed no sign
2011 Apr 18, In southern
Thailand Muslim insurgents set off a car bomb that killed one
soldier and wounded 25 people.
2011 Apr 18, In Turkey Bedri
Baykam, a prominent government critic, was hospitalized after a
stabbing assault, which followed a speech in which he condemned
plans to tear down the "Monument to Humanity," a sculpture near the
2011 Apr 18, Uganda police
battled protesters for the third time in a week and again arrested
the country's top opposition politician. One protester died after
being tear gassed.
2011 Apr 18, In Yemen several
top figures and lawmakers who defected from Saleh's ruling Congress
Party set up a new opposition party. Yemeni police reportedly fired
tear gas and live ammunition at protesters calling for the ouster of
the country's longtime president, injuring 45 people in the southern
port town of al-Hudaydah.
2012 Apr 18, The Los Angeles
Times published 2 pictures, dating back to 2010, showing US soldiers
posing with the remains of Taliban insurgents. One showed members of
the 82nd Airborne Division posing in 2010 with Afghan police holding
the severed legs of a suicide bomber. The 2nd appeared to show the
hand of a dead insurgent resting on a US soldier's shoulder as the
2012 Apr 18, Eladio Aponte, a
former Venezuelan supreme court justice who recently fled to the US,
gave an interview to SoiTV, a Miami-based TV channel. He said that
senior officials from the president on down would provide the
judiciary with instructions on sensitive cases.
(Econ, 4/28/12, p.42)
2012 Apr 18, Dick Clark (1929)
died at St. John's Hospital in Los Angeles after suffering a heart
attack. He had hosted American Bandstand for four decades and
literally introduced rock ’n’ roll to much of the nation.
(SFC, 4/19/12, p.C5)
2012 Apr 18, ExxonMobil
finalized the terms of a deal with Russia’s Rosneft to invest up to
$500 billion in developing offshore reserves, including in Russia’s
Arctic Kara Sea.
(Econ, 6/16/12, SR p.5)
2012 Apr 18, The Bahrain Youth
Society for Human Rights said the government has arrested about 80
leading democracy activists in an attempt to contain anti-government
protests ahead of the April 22 Formula One Grand Prix race.
2012 Apr 18, The British
government promised to release 8,800 files from 37 former colonies
as an official revue concluded that thousands of documents detailing
shameful acts in the final years of the British Empire were
(SSFC, 4/22/12, p.A4)
2012 Apr 18, CongoDRC Finance
Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo Mapon (47) was appointed prime
minister and asked to form a new government.
2012 Apr 18, The German
government approved an extension of the EU's anti-piracy operation
off the Horn of Africa to include targeting equipment stored on
2012 Apr 18, Guinea-Bissau's
former ruling party rejected the junta's plans for a transition
government and demanded the release of top political leaders being
held by the military rulers. Former secretary of state Fode Cassama
was seized at his house by soldiers and taken to an unknown
destination. The junta and opposition parties formally dissolved the
government and called for a two-year transition period before new
elections can be held.
2012 Apr 18, Iran welcomed
Saudi Arabia suspending death sentences against several of its
nationals convicted for drug trafficking.
2012 Apr 18, Mexican
authorities seized 268,000 rounds of assault rifle ammunition in a
US truck at a border crossing in Ciudad Juarez. Dallas truck driver
Jabin Bogan was transporting a load of ammunition to a Phoenix gun
shop when he said he made a wrong turn, causing him to cross the
border into Mexico. Jabin was released on Nov 23 after his mother
paid a fine.
(SFC, 4/20/12, p.A2)(ABC News, 11/25/12)
2012 Apr 18, Mozambique
state-run newspaper Noticias reported that rampaging elephants are
terrorizing villages near the Zimbabwe border, attacking people,
trampling crops and scaring children.
2012 Apr 18, In northern
Nigeria a customs officer was shot dead at Gamboru market in
Maiduguri, while a water vendor was also killed in another area of
the city on the same day.
2012 Apr 18, Pakistan called
for negotiations with rival nuclear power India over the disputed
Siachen Glacier to the north of Kashmir, an apparent softening in
attitude toward a neighbor with which it has fought three wars since
2012 Apr 18, At Edinburgh High
Court a man was sentenced to life in prison for the murder of his
ex-lover in a hearing which was the first of its kind in Britain to
be filmed by television cameras. David Gilroy (49) must spend a
minimum of 18 years behind bars for killing his colleague Suzanne
Pilley (38) two years ago, after she ended their affair.
2012 Apr 18, Spain's King Juan
Carlos apologized for having gone elephant-hunting in Africa while
everyday people endure a severe economic crisis.
2012 Apr 18, Sudan’s Pres. Omar
el-Bashir threatened to topple the government of South Sudan and
liberate its people.
(SFC, 4/19/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 18, Syrian troops
opened fire on protesters, wounding eight in the Damascus suburb of
Arbeen, visited by a UN observer team. Regime forces fired mortar
shells at the central city of Homs. State news said two separate
roadside bombs killed 10 members of the security forces and a
civilian in northern Syria. 30 people were killed today, 22 of them
civilians. In the central city of Homs alone, 13 civilians died in
(AP, 4/18/12)(AFP, 4/19/12)
2012 Apr 18, Tunisia said some
100 Tunisian workers kidnapped by armed men in western Libya have
been released. 3 Libyans arrested on April 14 wee also reported
2012 Apr 18, Turkey said it has
intercepted an Antigua and Barbuda-flagged vessel in the
Mediterranean suspected of carrying weapons and ammunition to Syria.
The "Atlantic Cruiser" belonged to a German company. The ship was
chartered by a Ukrainian firm, which said that the cargo contained
no weapons, but legal goods for civilian use.
(AFP, 4/18/12)(AFP, 4/19/12)
2012 Apr 18, In Yemen 7
Al-Qaeda suspects, including four Somali nationals, were killed in
battles with Yemeni troops near the southern town of Loder (Lawder).
An air strike on an Al-Qaeda position near Loder killed six
2013 Apr 18, In Watertown,
Mass., local police were involved in a car chase and shootout with 2
men identified by the FBI as Suspect 1 and Suspect 2 in the April 15
Boston bombings. MIT police officer, Sean Collier (26), was shot and
2013 Apr 18, The New York
Public Service Commission approved a plan to build the Champlain
Hudson transmission line, which will be capable of moving 1,000
megawatts of hydropower from Québec to New York City.
2013 Apr 18, In Montana Zaccary
John Kern (21) and Robert Eric Bottenhagen (21) were arrested on
suspicion of negligent homicide hours after 4 bodies were found in a
burned-out mobile home near Billings.
(SFC, 4/20/13, p.A4)
2013 Apr 18, Authorities said a
former Texas justice of the peace seeking revenge for a theft
conviction that ended his judicial career carried out a plot with
his wife to kill the men who prosecuted him. Eric Lyle Williams
(46), and his wife, Kim Williams, were charged with capital murder
in the slayings of Kaufman County District Attorney Mike McLelland,
his wife, Cynthia, and assistant prosecutor Mark Hasse.
(SFC, 4/19/13, p.A7)
2013 Apr 18, Scientists
reported the discovery of 2 newly-found Earth-like planets. The
exoplanets were named Kepler62-e and Kepler62-f.
(SFC, 4/19/13, p.A11)
2013 Apr 18, Scientists
reported the discovery of a cache of dinosaur embryos in southern
China. The bed of lufengosaurus bones dated to the early Jurassic,
about 190-197 million years ago.
(SFC, 4/19/13, p.D7)
2013 Apr 18, In Afghanistan
insurgents shot and killed four laborers building a checkpoint for
the Afghan army in Helmand province. The International Committee of
the Red Cross warned that security was deteriorating across
Afghanistan as militants flood the battlefield and conduct attacks
in the spring fighting season of the nearly 12-year-old war.
2013 Apr 18, Four Britons were
jailed for plotting al Qaeda inspired bombings across the country,
including an attack on an army base using a remote-controlled toy
car packed with explosives which they planned to drive under the
gates. Zahid Iqbal, Mohammed Sharfaraz Ahmed, Umar Arshad and Syed
Farhan Hussain, from Luton, north of London, had all pleaded guilty
last month to preparing for acts of terrorism.
2013 Apr 18, Guinea security
forces arrested the opposition's spokesman and another leader after
firing tear gas to disperse protesters who had planned a
demonstration against the June 30 date set for upcoming legislative
2013 Apr 18, In Iraq a suicide
bombing attack on a Baghdad cafe killed 36 people and wounded
dozens. A car bomb exploded, killing three soldiers and wounding
five others traveling in an army convoy in Mosul. Hours later, one
policeman was killed and three others were wounded when gunmen
attacked a security checkpoint in western Baghdad.
(AP, 4/18/13)(AP, 4/19/13)
2013 Apr 18, Irish company ABP
Foods, at the center of a scandal in Europe over horsemeat in beef
products, said it is leaving the frozen burger market after selling
the factory where burgers containing horse DNA were first
2013 Apr 18, In Kenya a masked
gunman believed to be a member of an al-Qaida-linked Somalia
militant group stormed a hotel near the border with Somalia and
opened fire with an assault rifle, killing nine people.
2013 Apr 18, In Nigeria
fighting erupted between security forces and Boko Haram extremists
in the northeastern fishing town of Baga.
(Econ, 4/27/13, p.47)
2013 Apr 18, North Korea
demanded the lifting of UN sanctions and the end of US-South Korea
military drills as conditions for resuming talks meant to defuse
tension on the Korean Peninsula.
2013 Apr 18, Former Pakistani
military ruler Pervez Musharraf and his bodyguards pushed past
policemen and sped away from court in the country's capital to avoid
arrest after his bail was revoked in a case accusing him of
detaining senior judges while in power.
2013 Apr 18, South Africa said
232 rhino had been illegally killed so far this year, 70% of them in
Kruger National Park. Poachers killed 668 rhinos in South Africa in
2012, a 50% increase over the previous year.
2013 Apr 18, Syrian rebels took
control of the entire Dabaa military complex in Homs province.
Government forces captured the town of Abel, cutting the road
between Homs and Qusair. Gunmen killed Ali Balan, head of public
relations at the Ministry of Social Affairs and a member of Syria's
relief agency, in a Damascus restaurant. The state-run SANA news
agency reported that government troops shot down an air balloon that
carried what it described as "American cameras" over the rebel-held
town of Maaret al-Numan in Idlib province.
(AP, 4/18/13)(AP, 4/19/13)(SFC, 4/20/13, p.A2)
2013 Apr 18, The United Arab
Emirates said that authorities have arrested seven suspected members
of terrorist cell linked to al-Qaida that allegedly planned to carry
out operations in the country and the region.
2013 Apr 18, Venezuelan
officials, in a surprise announcement, said they will accept an
audit of the disputed vote that handed a narrow margin of victory to
the heir of late President Hugo Chavez.
2013 Apr 18, Yemenis in a
symbolic move began to dismantle protest tent camp in the capital,
Sanaa, and other cities across the country, declaring the end of
2014 Apr 18, President Barack
Obama signed into law a bill designed to bar Iran's pick for UN
ambassador from US soil over his links to the 1979 American embassy
hostage siege. But Obama also issued a statement saying that he
would only regard the legislation as guidance, warning it could
infringe upon his executive powers as president.
2014 Apr 18, The US federal
government said farms stricken with a deadly pig virus must report
outbreaks as part of a new program to help monitor and possibly
control the disease. Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED), believed to
have come from China, has killed millions of pigs in 27 states since
it began showing up in the US last May.
(SFC, 4/19/14, p.A6)
2014 Apr 18, A Chinese court
sentenced four anti-corruption protestors to between two and
three-and-a-half years in jail over their role in small-scale
demonstrations, furthering a crackdown on rights activists. The four
were associated with the New Citizens Movement, a loose network
whose members held peaceful protests in Beijing last year.
2014 Apr 18, An Egyptian police
officer was killed when a bomb targeting a traffic police kiosk in
2014 Apr 18, Off eastern
Indonesia a boat loaded with people in a Good Friday procession
capsized in high waves, leaving dozens of people missing and at
least 7 dead.
2014 Apr 18, In Iraq a bomb
planted on a street full of shoppers in Baghdad killed 3 people and
2014 Apr 18, An avalanche swept
down a slope of Mount Everest killing 13 Nepali mountaineering
guides at the beginning of the main climbing season. Three people
(Reuters, 4/18/14)(AP, 4/19/14)
2014 Apr 18, In Northern
Ireland gunmen escorted Tommy Crossan (43), a senior Irish
Republican Army hard-liner, to a fuel depot and shot him in the head
and body at close range. Residents said a Catholic priest was called
to give him the last rites. Police soon arrested a man for
questioning about the killing.
2014 Apr 18, In the Philippines
a Danish man joined eight Filipinos in re-enacting the death of
Jesus Christ by being nailed to crosses in a bloody annual Easter
spectacle before some 40 thousand onlookers.
2014 Apr 18, In South Africa a
rhino was found killed in the Dinokeng Game Reserve with a single
bullet from a high-powered rifle. Poachers cut off its horns in the
first such incident since the reserve officially opened in 2011.
About 300 have been killed so far this year in South Africa.
2014 Apr 18, South Korean
prosecutors sought arrest warrants for the captain, and two crew
members of the ferry that capsized two days before with hundreds of
children on board. Lee Joon-Seok and most of his 28 crew managed to
escape the ferry.
2014 Apr 18, Spanish art dealer
Jose Carlos Bergantinos Diaz, who is wanted for fraud in the United
States, was arrested at a luxury hotel in Seville. His partner,
Glafira Rosales, was arraigned in New York in August, accused of
peddling counterfeit art for 15 years as undiscovered works by
2014 Apr 18, In Sudan the
Darfur Justice and Equality Movement attacked the Kunar oil field,
operated by the Sudanese Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company in
the West Kordofan State, abducting three engineers, two of them
Chinese and one Sudanese. On May 2 Xinhua media service said the two
Chinese engineers have been released.
2014 Apr 18, In Syria a bomb
went off in front of a mosque on the edge of Akrama and killed 14
people. Hundreds of rebel fighters and civilians remain trapped in
the ancient quarter of Homs, surrounded by government forces and
pro-Assad militia. In Aleppo at least 10 people were killed in
shelling and aerial bombardment of rebel-held areas.
(Reuters, 4/18/14)(AFP, 4/19/14)(SFC, 4/19/14,
2014 Apr 18, In eastern Ukraine
pro-Russian insurgents who have occupied government buildings in
more than 10 cities said they will not leave them until the
country's interim government resigns.
2014 Apr 18, In Vietnam a
Chinese man who was being repatriated from Vietnam along with 15
other migrants seized a gun from a border guard, triggering a
gunfight and standoff in which five Chinese and two Vietnamese