Today in History - April 18

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310        Apr 18, St. Eusebius began his reign as Catholic Pope.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1480        Apr 18, Lucretia Borgia (d.1519), murderess, was born. Lucrezia Borgia, Duchess of Ferrara, was the daughter of Pope Alexander VI, and the sister and political pawn of Cesare Borgia. She was also considered a patroness of the arts.
    (HN, 4/18/98)(WUD, 1994, p.171)

1504        Apr 18, Fra Filippo Lippi (~52), painter, died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1518        Apr 18, Bona Sforza (1494-1558) was crowned Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania in Wawel Cathedral, Krakow. The Italian niece of Bianca Maria Sforza, who in 1493 married Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, became the 3rd consort of Lithuania’s Grand Duke Sigismund the Old (1467-1548).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bona_Sforza)

1521        Apr 18, Martin Luther confronted the emperor Charles V in the Diet of Worms and refused to retract his views which led to his excommunication. Cardinal Alexander questioned the Rev Martin Luther.
    (HN, 4/18/99)(MC, 4/18/02)

1530        Apr 18, Francois Lambert d'Avignon (~43), French church reformer, died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1580        Apr 18, Thomas Middleton, English playwright (Game of Chess), was born.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1590        Apr 18, Ahmed I, 14th sultan of Turkey (1603-17), was born.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1605        Apr 18, Giacomo Carissimi, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1610        Apr 18, Robert Parsons (63), English Jesuit leader, plotter, died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1663        Apr 18, Osman declared war on Austria.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1676        Apr 18, Sudbury, Massachusetts, was attacked by Indians.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1689        Apr 18, George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys of Wem, infamous judge, died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1775        Apr 18, Several post riders set out to warn colonists of the British attack that started the American Revolution. One patriotic myth that grew out of that movement began with a poem Henry Wadsworth Longfellow called "Paul Revere's Ride." Paul Revere began his famous ride from Charlestown to Lexington, Mass., warning American colonists that the British were coming. American revolutionaries Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott warned that "the British are coming". Only Prescott galloped all the way to Concord. Revere was corralled by a British cavalry patrol near Lexington, MA; Dawes and Prescott escaped. A company of over 700 British troops marched toward Concord. 23-year-old church sexton Robert Newman hung two lanterns in the Old North Church to warn riders that the British were leaving Boston by boat to march on Concord. Every April, a descendant of the 18th-century patriot still climbs to the steeple of Old North Church and hangs two small tin and glass lanterns.
    (HN, 4/18/98)(ON, 3/01, p.2)(HNQ, 7/5/01)(AP, 4/18/07)

1778        Apr 18, John Paul Jones attacked the British revenue cutter Husar near the Isle of Man, but it escaped. Soon thereafter he raided Whitehaven and burned one coal ship.
    (ON, 2/04, p.6)

1791        Apr 18, National Guardsmen prevented Louis XVI and his family from leaving Paris.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1797        Apr 18, Louis-Adolphe Thiers, president of France, was born.
    (MC, 4/18/02)
1797        Apr 18, France and Austria signed a cease fire.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1807        Apr 18, Erasmus Darwin, physician, writer (Influence), died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1817        Apr 18, George Henry Lewes, philosophical writer, was born.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1818        Apr 18, A regiment of Indians and blacks was defeated at the Battle of Suwanna, in Florida, ending the first Seminole War.
    (HN, 4/18/99)

1819        Apr 18, Franz von Suppa, composer (Light Cavalry Overture), was born in Spalato, Dalmatia.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1834        Apr 18, William Lamb became the prime minister of England.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1838        Aug 18, A 6-ship American expedition sailed from Hampton Roads, Virginia, under Lt. Charles Wilkes to search for the continent of Antarctica.
    (ON, 3/00, p.6)

1845        Apr 18, Wilhelm Gericke, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1847        Apr 18, U.S. forces defeated the Mexicans at Cerro Gordo in one of the bloodiest battle of the war.
    (HN, 4/18/99)

1855        Apr 18, Jean-Baptiste Isabey, painter, died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1857        Apr 18, Clarence S. Darrow, defense attorney at the Scopes monkey trial, was born near Kinsman, Ohio.
    (AP, 4/18/07)

1861        Apr 18, US Colonel Robert E. Lee turned down an offer to command the Union armies.
    (HN, 4/18/98)(www.us-civilwar.com/lee.htm)
1861        Apr 18, Battle of Harpers Ferry, VA.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1862        Apr 18, Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St. Philip and New Orleans, LA.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1864        Apr 18, Richard Harding Davis, journalist, was born.
    (HN, 4/18/01)

1865        Apr 18, Dr. Samuel A. Mudd originally claimed to have never met Booth during his initial interview with investigating detectives. Presidential assassin John Wilkes Booth, injured and fleeing Ford’s Theatre, had knocked on the door of Dr. Mudd for help.
    (HNQ, 8/26/01)
1865        Apr 18, Confederate Gen Joseph Johnston surrendered to Gen W.T. Sherman in North Carolina.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1874        Apr 18, David Livingstone was buried in Westminster Abbey.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1876        Apr 18, Daniel O'Leary completed a 500 mile walk in 139 hours, 32 minutes.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1882        Apr 18, Leopold Stokowski, conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra), was born in London England.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1885        Apr 18, The Sino-Japanese war ended.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1902        Apr 18, Denmark became the 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1906        Apr 18, At 5:12 a.m. the San Francisco 8.2 earthquake occurred.  Seismologists in 1977 reduced the magnitude to 7.9. 28,000 buildings were destroyed and 498 blocks leveled. One quarter of the city burned. About 700 people died. The massive earthquake was felt from Oregon to Los Angeles and as far inland as Nevada. It caused severe damage and loss of life in the San Francisco Bay area, and a three-day fire spawned by the shaking reduced 4.7 square miles of the city to blackened ruins. Military officials estimated $400 million of damage and a total of 700-800 killed. Modern research estimates that closer to 3,000 of San Francisco's 400,000 inhabitants lost their lives. Sweeney Observatory in Goldengate Park was destroyed. Some 30,000 people were left homeless and lived in GG Park for up to a year and a half. The quake was centered in Olema. Old City Hall at Fulton and Larkin was destroyed. The Fairmont Hotel was severely damaged just 2 months before it was scheduled to open. In 2001 Dan Kurzman authored "Disaster: The Great San Francisco Earthquake and Fire of 1906." In 2005 Philip Fradkin authored “The Great Earthquake and Firestorms of 1906: How San Francisco Nearly Destroyed Itself."
    (SFC, 4/4/96, p.A-106)(SFC, 4/8/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 4/14/96, p.Z1, p.3)(AP, 4/18/97)(SFC, 7/29/97, p.A5,7)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W31)(SFC, 1/1/99, p.A13)(SFC, 4/22/01, BR p.3)(SFC, 2/15/02, p.G8)(SFC, 4/7/05, p.B1)(SSFC, 2/4/07, p.F1)
1906        Apr 18, SF Mayor Schmitz issued a proclamation that authorized police "to Kill any and all persons found engaged in looting or in the Commission of Any Other Crime."
    (SFC, 9/29/99, p.C3)
1906        Apr 18, Dennis Sullivan, SF Fire Chief, was severely injured when the chimney of the California Hotel crashed into the adjoining firehouse. Sullivan died of his injuries on April 22. In the 1920s a firechief residence was built in his honor at 870 Bush St. A pond on the Potrero Hill potato farm of John Center provided water that saved the Mission district from the earthquake fire. Residents on Russian Hill saved 5 homes on Green Street between Jones and Leavenworth from fire and dynamite crews. The "Portals of the Past" monument in Golden Gate Park is a marble remnant from a mansion destroyed by the earthquake and fire.
    (SFC, 5/1/98, p.A26)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.B4)(SFC, 12/29/04, p.B1)(SSFC, 4/23/06, p.A8)(SFC, 4/24/06, p.A9)
1906        Apr 18, San Francisco firefighters, with the assistance of the US Navy, managed to drag a single fire hose from a pumper in the bay, over the shoulder of Telegraph Hill, over a mile to the Jackson Street warehouses. Navy Lt. Frederick Freeman led efforts that saved Anson Hotaling’s Whiskey warehouses at 451 and 455 Jackson street. Nearby Jones Alley was later renamed Hotaling Way.
    (http://web.mac.com/danruden/APHotaling/About_Us.html)(SSFC, 9/13/09, p.N4)(SFC, 8/30/14, p.D1)
1906        Apr 18, 500 hundred or more people were estimated to have died at Howard and Sixth in San Francisco where the Brunswick House, the Ohio House, the Lormor and Nevada House all collapsed. They had been built to fill “Pioche’s Lake," a sunken area created by the Hayward Earthquake of 1868.
    (SFC, 6/8/13, p.C4)
1906        Apr 18, The SF earthquake killed 119 people at Agnews State Hospital in San Jose.
    (SFC, 9/29/97, p.A21)

1907        Apr 18, The Fairmont Hotel opened in SF, exactly one year after the 1906 earthquake. It was designed by Julia Morgan and named after mining magnate James Graham Fair.
    (SSFC, 2/4/07, p.F1)
1907        Apr 18, SF Board of supervisors, a year after the city’s 1906 earthquake, set the official death toll for the disaster at 478. Let evidence showed more that 3,400 fatalities.
    (SFC, 1/15/05, p.B1)
1907        Apr 18, Miklos Rozsa, movie composer (Atomic Cafe, Fedora), was born in Budapest, Hungary.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1908        Apr 18, Joseph Keilberth, German conductor (Bayreuther Festspiele), was born.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1909        Apr 18, Joan of Arc was declared a saint.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1911        Apr 18, George Huntington Hartford II, heir (A&P), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1918        Apr 18, Clifton Keith Hillegass, founder of the study guides known as Cliff's Notes, was born.
    (HN, 4/18/01)

1921        Apr 18, Junior Achievement, created to encourage business skills in young people, was incorporated.
    (AP, 4/18/97)

1923        Apr 18, The first baseball game was played in Yankee Stadium. Babe Ruth hit a three-run homer as the Yankees beat the Red Sox 4-1. The stadium was called the House that Ruth built. In 2011 Robert Weintraub authored “The House That Ruth Built: A New Stadium, the first Yankees Championship, and the Redemption of 1923."
    (AP, 4/18/98)(WSJ, 10/12/99, p.A24)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.90)
1923        Apr 18, Poland annexed Central Lithuania.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1924        Apr 18, Henry J. Hyde, (Rep-R-IL), was born.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1928        Apr 18, Jean-Francois Pailliard, conductor, was born in Vitry-le-Francois, France.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1930        Apr 18, Clive Revill, actor (Legend of Hell House), was born in Wellington, NZ.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1934        Apr 18, The 1st laundromat, called a "Washateria," opened in Fort Worth, Tx.
    (AP, 4/18/07)
1934        Apr 18, Hitler named Joachim von Ribbentrop, ambassador for disarmament.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1936        Apr 18, Pan-Am Clipper began regular passenger flights from SF to Honolulu.
    (MC, 4/18/02)
1936        Apr 18, Ottorino Respighi (56), Italian composer (Pines of Rome), died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1937        Apr 18, Leon Trotsky called for the overthrow of Soviet leader Josef Stalin.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1939        Apr 18, Franz von Papen became German ambassador in Turkey.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1940        Apr 18, Ed Garvey, labor leader for the Major League Baseball Players Association, was born.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1942        Apr 18, First issue of the newspaper for U.S. armed forces, Stars and Stripes, was published.
    (HN, 4/18/98)
1942        Apr 18, The first US air strike against Japan, an air squadron from the USS Hornet led by Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle (d.1993), raided Tokyo and other Japanese cities. 16 U.S. Army B-25 bombers broke through Japanese defenses to strike Tokyo and other cities in broad daylight. The North-American B-25B Mitchells were launched from the deck of the aircraft carrier Hornet, and after striking their targets, flew on to China. 2 of the 80 men drowned. 3 of 8 captured by the Japanese were executed and 1 died in a prison camp. Doolittle later became the commander general of the Eighth Air Force. In 1943 Ted Lawson authored “Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo," an account of the bombing of Tokyo.
    (AP, 4/18/97)(SFC, 5/15/02, p.A23)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.A1)(SFC, 8/12/06, p.P8)
1942        Apr 18, The 16th plane of the Doolittle air strike against Japan landed outside Vladivostok in the Soviet Union following its mission. Nolan Herndon (1918-2007), the bombardier, later reported that their plane was used to test the Soviet resolve as an ally. The 5-man crew was held for over 13 months before escaping to a British Embassy in what later became Iran.
    (SFC, 10/16/07, p.D8)

1943        Apr 18, Traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (b.1884), the mastermind of the attack on Pearl Harbor, was shot down by American P-38 fighters.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=20381)

1944        Apr 18, The ballet "Fancy Free," with music by Leonard Bernstein premiered in NYC.
    (AP, 4/18/04)

1945        Apr 18, Ernie Pyle (b.1900), famed American war correspondent, was killed at age 44 by Japanese gunfire on the Pacific island of Ie Shima, off Okinawa. He did a syndicated aviation column from 1928-1932, and served as a roving reporter from 1935-1939. In 1997 James Tobin published “Ernie Pyle’s War: America’s Eyewitness to World War II."
    (AP, 4/18/97)(MT, Sum. ‘98, p.22)

1946        Apr 18, Jackie Robinson debuted as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals.
    (MC, 4/18/02)
1946        Apr 18, US recognized Tito's Yugoslavia govt.
    (MC, 4/18/02)
1946        Apr 18, The League of Nations was dissolved.
    (AHD, 1971, p.744)(AP, 4/18/97)(HN, 4/18/98)

1947        Apr 18, James Woods, actor (Salvador, Against All Odds), was born in Warwick, RI.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1948        Apr 18, Catherine Malfitano, soprano (Metropolitan Opera), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/18/02)
1948        Apr 18, International Court of Justice opened at Hague, Netherlands.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1949        Apr 18, The Republic of Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth and was officially proclaimed in Dublin on the anniversary of the 1916 Easter rebellion. King George VI sent his good wishes.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1166)(AP, 4/18/97)(HN, 4/18/98)

1950        Apr 18, The first transatlantic jet passenger trip was made.
    (HN, 4/18/98)
1950        Apr 18, Polish Catholic church and government signed an accord over relations.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1954        Apr 18, The US held a nationwide test of its disaster radio system known as Conelrad. In SF a simulated 10-megaton bomb, exploding over Hunters Point, was estimated to kill 500,000 Bay Area citizens.
    (SSFC, 4/12/09, DB p.43)
1954        Apr 18, Colonel Nasser seized power in Egypt.
    (HN, 4/18/98)

1955        Apr 18, Albert Einstein (76), physicist, died in Princeton New Jersey. Dr. Thomas Harvey, chief pathologist at Princeton Hospital, performed Albert Einstein’s autopsy. He removed the brain and took it home. In 2000 Michael Paterniti authored "Driving Mr. Albert: A Trip Across America with Einstein’s Brain." In 1999 it was reported that Einstein’s inferior parietal lobe was larger than normal. In 2000 Amir D. Aczel published "God's Equation: Einstein, Relativity, and the Expanding Universe." [see Apr 15] In 1983 Abraham Pais (d.2000 at 81) authored "Subtle Is the Lord: The Science and the Life of Albert Einstein." In 2000 Dennis Overbye authored "Einstein In Love," on Einstein’s 1st marriage with Mileva Maric. In 2002 Fred Jerome authored "The Einstein File: J. Edgar Hoover’s Secret War Against the World’s Most Famous Scientist." In 2007 Walter Isaacson authored “Einstein: His Life and Universe;" Jurgen Neffe authored “Einstein: A Biography;" and Jozsef Illy edited “Albert Meets America," a chronicle of Einstein’s first visit to the US (1921) on a fundraising tour with Zionist leader Chaim Weizman.
    (AP, 4/18/97)(SFC, 6/18/99, p.A18)(SFEC, 1/9/00, BR p.4)(SFC, 8/1/00, p.B2)(WSJ, 10/20/00, p.W10)(SSFC, 3/18/01, BR p.6)(SFC, 9/15/02, p.M5)(WSJ, 4/6/07, p.B3)(SSFC, 5/13/07, p.M6)

1956        Apr 18, Eric Roberts, actor (Pope of Greenwich Village, King of Gypsies), was born in Miss.
    (MC, 4/18/02)
1956        Apr 18, Actress Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier III of Monaco in a civil ceremony. A church wedding took place the next day.
    (AP, 4/18/97)
1956        Apr 18, An Israeli-Egyptian cease fire, arranged by UN Gen’l. Sec. Dag Hammarskjold, went into effect.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1241)

1961        Apr 18, Pamella Bordes, British parliament prostitute, was born in New Delhi, India.
    (MC, 4/18/02)
1961        Apr 18, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev sent a letter to Pres. Kennedy with an “urgent call" to end “aggression" against Cuba.
    (SFC, 3/23/01, p.D5)

1963        Apr 18, Dr. James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1964        Apr 18, Ben Hecht (71), playwright (Child of the Century), died.
    (MC, 4/18/02)

1968        Apr 18, Some 178,000 employees of US Bell Telephone System went on strike.
    (www.project1968.com/in-the-news-april-14-apri.html)
1968        Apr 18, London Bridge was sold to US oil company. It was later erected in Arizona.
    (MC, 4/18/02)
1968        Apr 18, There was a coup in Sierra Leone. A new government under Siaka Stevens was announced.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)

1969        Apr 18, George Whittell, Jr. (b.1881), born in SF to wealth amassed in real estate and mining, died. His construction of a lakefront estate at lake Tahoe, the Thunderbird Lodge, began in 1937 and was completed in 1939.
    (SFC, 7/21/07, p.F1)(www.thunderbirdlodge.org/theman.html)

1974        Apr 18, In Genoa, Italy, the Red Brigade kidnapped deputy attorney Mario Sossi. He was held for 35 days.
    (WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)(http://tinyurl.com/39vg4e)
1974        Apr 18, Marcel Pagnol (b.1895), French writer and film director, died.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/pagnol.htm)

1975        Apr 18, Jesus Ibarra Piedra, a member of a Mexican leftist urban guerrilla group, was kidnapped and never seen again. On Nov 8, 2004, Juventino Romero Cisneros, a former agent of the Federal Security Directorate, was arrested for the kidnapping. Carlos Solana Macias, ex-director of the Judicial Police for the northern state of Nuevo Leon, was arrested Dec 29, 2005. In 2006 both Cisneros and Solano were released from prison.
    (AP, 10/9/04)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosario_Ibarra_de_Piedra)(AP, 5/21/06)

1978        Apr 18, The U.S. Senate voted 68-32 to turn the Panama Canal over to Panamanian control on Dec. 31, 1999.
    (AP, 4/18/98) (HN, 4/18/98)

1980        Apr 18, In Lebanon three UN peacekeepers were kidnapped. Derek Smallhorne and Thomas Barrett of Ireland were subsequently murdered and John O’Mahony seriously wounded. In 2014 a Mahmoud Bazzi (71), a suspect in the killings, agreed to return to Lebanon from Detroit, where he was living without proper documentation.
    (SFC, 8/12/14, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/At_Tiri_Incident)
1980        Apr 18, Zimbabwe's (Rhodesia) formal independence from Britain was proclaimed. Its chiefs were stripped of power following independence. Canaan Banana, a Methodist theologian, became president until 1987. He was later accused by dozens of men of sexual harassment and rape. Robert Mugabe became prime minister and held the real authority.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  p.C16)(SFC, 5/9/97, p.E3)(HN, 4/18/98) (SFC, 7/14/98, p.A10)

1983        Apr 18, Alice Walker (b.1944) won a Pulitzer Prize for "The Color Purple."
    (SSFC, 9/26/04, p.M1)
1983        Apr 18, At the US Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, 63 people, including 17 Americans, were killed by a suicide bomber. In 1996 sixteen Islamic militants were ordered to stand trial by a military court in Lebanon. Hezbollah leader Imad Mughniyah was suspected of involvement. CIA agent Robert Ames was among those killed. In 2014 Kai Bird authored “The Good Spy: The Life and Death of Robert Ames."
    (WSJ, 3/26/96, p.A-1)(WSJ, 9/19/01, p.A14)(WSJ, 8/3/06, p.A4)(AP, 4/18/08)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.87)

1987        Apr 18, President Reagan used his weekly radio address to express hope the superpowers could reach an agreement to sharply reduce the threat of intermediate-range nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 4/18/97)
1987        Apr 18, In Arizona Gregory Robertson made a 200-mph free fall to save Debbie Williams, who had collided with a fellow diver at around 9,000 feet and was knocked unconscious.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qruny)

1988        Apr 18, The United States destroyed two more Iraqi oil platforms, after a mine in the Persian Gulf injured 10 crewmen aboard a U.S. frigate. In 2003 a World Court in a 14-2 decision ruled the US was wrong but doesn't need to pay damages.
    (AP, 11/7/03)
1988        Apr 18, San Francisco journalist Stanton Delaplane (80) died at his home on Telegraph Hill. The SF Chronicle Pulitzer Prize-winner was credited with introducing Irish Coffee to the city at the Buena Vista Cafe.
    (SSFC, 4/14/13, p.46)
1988        Apr 18, An Israeli court convicted John Demjanjuk, a retired auto worker from Cleveland, of committing war crimes at the Treblinka death camp. Israel's Supreme Court later overturned Demjanjuk's conviction.
    (AP, 4/18/98)

1989        Apr 18, Thousands of Chinese students demanding democracy tried to storm Communist Party headquarters in Beijing.
    (AP, 4/18/99)

1990        Apr 18, The US Supreme Court ruled that states may make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one's home.
    (AP, 4/18/00)
1990        Apr 18, Bankruptcy court forced Frank Lorenzo (b.1940) to give up Eastern Airlines.
    (www.airlinesafety.com/Unions/UnionVictoryAtEastern.htm)
1990        Apr 18, A Franco-German proposal was made at the Dublin summit for the political union of the 12 European Community member countries.
    (www.unesco.org/mitterrand/anglais/ieuroues.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/36pexa)
1990        Apr 18, The Soviet Union shut off a pipeline that supplied the rebellious republic of Lithuania with crude oil; a day later, the Soviets severely reduced the flow of natural gas.
    (AP, 4/18/00)

1991        Apr 18, President Bush unveiled his “America 2000" education strategy, which included a voluntary nationwide exam system and aid pegged to academic results.
    (AP, 4/18/01)
1991        Apr 18, The US Census Bureau estimated its 1990 census had failed to count up to 6.3 million people.
    (AP, 4/18/01)
1991        Apr 18, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev ended a summit in Japan without winning the major aid package he’d been hoping for.
    (AP, 4/18/01)

1992        Apr 18, Democrat Jerry Brown met with black leaders in Philadelphia while front-runner Bill Clinton visited a Phillies-Pirates ballgame as the two courted Pennsylvania primary voters.
    (AP, 4/18/97)
1992        Apr 18, Serbia issued a protest to the United States, accusing Washington of siding with Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia in the Yugoslav crisis.
    (AP, 4/18/97)

1993        Apr 18, The government of Bosnia-Herzegovina agreed to a truce, effectively relinquishing besieged Srebrenica. Meanwhile, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic threatened to boycott further U.N. peace talks if tougher sanctions against Yugoslavia went into effect.
    (AP, 4/18/98)
1993        Apr 18, In Pakistan Nawaz Sharif’s government was dismissed by Ishaq Khan on corruption charges. The interim government was led by Balkh Sher Mazari.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1994        Apr 18, Former President Richard Nixon suffered a stroke at his home in Park Ridge, N.J., and was taken to New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center; he died four days later.
    (AP, 4/18/99)
1994        Apr 18, Several thousand Tutsis were massacred by men from Ildephonse Nizeyimana’s training school at the parish of Cyahinda. Nizeyimana, nicknamed the "Butcher of Butare," was arrested in 2009 in Uganda. In 2012 he was handed a life sentence for his role in the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)

1995        Apr 18, Quarterback Joe Montana retired from professional football.
    (AP, 4/18/00)
1995        Apr 18, President Clinton held a prime-time news conference in which he said he was satisfied that he remained relevant in a Republican-dominated capital, and challenged Congress to send him an acceptable welfare bill by July 4.
    (AP, 4/18/00)
1995        Apr 18, The Houston Post closed after 116 years.
    (AP, 4/18/00)

1996        Apr 18, President Clinton addressed the Japanese Parliament, hailing security ties between the two countries as the cornerstone of stability in Asia. Congress passed and sent to President Clinton long-awaited legislation giving federal law officers new powers to use against terrorism.
    (AP, 4/18/97)
1996        Apr 18, The US government will deliver $368 million in military equipment to Pakistan that was paid for in the 1980’s. Pakistan will also get $120 mil in cash that it paid for weapons and spare parts that were never manufactured.
    (SFC, 4/18/96, p.A-8)
1996        Apr 18, Pres. Yeltsin of Russia denied that there was a war in Chechnya while Russian TV showed Chechen rebels attacking a Russian military convoy. 26 soldiers were killed and 51 were wounded.
    (SFC, 4/18/96, p.a-14)
1996        Apr 18, A base at Qana, Lebanon, manned by Fijian UNIFIL troops was shelled by Israel and led to 75 (revised to 106) civilian deaths. A later UN investigation found the remains of 15 Israeli shells that indicated a targeted assault. Israel called the attack an "unfortunate mistake."
    (WSJ, 4/19/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-8)(AP, 4/18/97)(AP, 7/26/06)
1996        Apr 18, A base manned by Fijian UN troops in Lebanon was shelled by Israel and led to 75 (revised to 91) civilian deaths. A later UN investigation found the remains of 15 Israeli shells that indicated a targeted assault. Israel called the attack an "unfortunate mistake."
    (WSJ, 4/19/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/7/96, p.A-8)(AP, 4/18/97)
1996        Apr 18, Piet Hein (80), Danish architect, poet, mathematician, inventor, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piet_Hein_(Denmark))

1997        Apr 18, President Clinton held a news conference in which he warned Republicans that a balanced-budget deal may not come quickly, while reassuring nervous Democrats that he would not abandon the party's prized social programs.
    (AP, 4/18/98)
1997        Apr 18, American Rivers Inc., a national conservation group, listed this year’s ten most endangered rivers. Included were the Potomac, San Joaquin, the lower Colorado and the Hudson Rivers.
    (SFC, 4/21/97, p.A7)
1997        Apr 18, Scientists reported the discovery of a fusion protein that governed the ability of the HIV virus to fuse with the protective membranes of immune system cells.
    (SFC, 4/18/97, p.A4)
1997        Apr 18, It was reported that measurements by scientists suggest that the universe may have an “up" and a “down." “This axis of orientation is not a physical entity, but rather defines a direction of space that somehow determines how light travels throughout the universe." The measurements were later considered flawed because the scientists examined polarized radio waves, which oscillate in only one direction.
    (SFC, 4/18/97, p.A1,13)(SFC, 4/26/97, p.A5)

1998        Apr 18-19, A 34-nation trade summit was held over the weekend in Santiago, Chile. Some $45 billion from the Inner-America Development Bank, The World Bank and the US Agency for Int’l. Development was to be made available for an array of development projects.
    (WSJ, 4/17/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 4/19/98, p.A24)
1998        Apr 18, It was reported that Richard Mellon Scaife, 4th generation heir to the Mellon banking fortune, had donated million of dollars over more than 30 years to conservative groups and research centers. He had also supported groups critical of Pres. Clinton.
    (SFC, 4/18/98, p.A7)
1998        Apr 18, Former North Carolina governor and U.S. Sen. Terry Sanford died in Durham at age 80.
    (AP, 4/18/99)
1998        Apr 18, In Cambodia the Khmer Rouge killed 22 ethnic Vietnamese at Chanok Tru, a fishing village on Tonle Sap Lake. The remains of Pol Pot were cremated, three days after the Khmer Rouge leader blamed for the killings of up to 2 million Cambodians died at age 73.
    (SFC, 4/21/98, p.A15)(AP, 4/18/99)
1998        Apr 18, In Canada it was reported that marijuana revenues from British Columbia were estimated to be $400 million to over $3 billion.
    (SFC, 4/18/98, p.A8)
1998        Apr 18, Eduardo Umana Mendoza (50), Columbia’s top human rights lawyer, was killed with 6 bullets to the head.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A8)(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A18)
1998        Apr 18, In Northern Ireland the Ulster Unionists, despite fierce internal dissent, voted to support the peace agreement by a 72% margin.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/18/99)

1999        Apr 18, Wayne Gretzky played his last National Hockey League game as his New York Rangers lost to Pittsburgh 2-1 in overtime at Madison Square Garden.
    (AP, 4/18/00)
1999        Apr 18, NATO requested from Bulgaria the use of its airspace.
    (WSJ, 4/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 18, Pres. Kabila of Congo and Ugandan Pres. Museweni signed a cease-fire agreement that was mediated by Libyan leader Moammar Khadafy. Rwanda and Congolese rebels rejected the deal.
    (SFC, 5/29/99, p.A11)
1999        Apr 18, Yugoslav troops crossed into Montenegro and opened fire on a column of ethnic Albanian refugees near Rozaje. At least 6 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/21/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 18, In East Timor weekend violence left as many as 30 people dead, as pro-Indonesia militia rampaged through Dili.
    (WSJ, 4/19/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 18, In Turkey national election were held. Voters in early results gave 22% of the vote to Democratic Left Party of Bulent Ecevit, 15.4% to the Islamic Virtue Party and 18% to the Nationalist Action Party (MHP) led by Devlet Bahceli. The Motherland Party won 13% and the True Path won 12%. The People's Republican Party (CHP) received less than 9% and for the 1st time failed to win any seats.
    (SFC, 4/19/99, p.A9)(SFC, 4/20/99, p.A8)(AP, 11/4/02)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.61)
1999        Apr 18, In Turkey 7 provincial capitals in the Kurdish region elected leaders of the Kurdish nationalist party as mayors.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A18)
1999        Apr 18, In Yugoslavia NATO bombers hit refineries, bridges and other targets in the 25th straight day of attacks and the heaviest strikes to date. 70% of fuel storage capability was now destroyed and Yugoslavia no longer had the ability to refine oil. In Pancevo a refinery, fertilizer plant and American-built petrochemical complex were destroyed and a dense toxic cloud was released with potential long term consequences. Pancevo’s industrial zone was bombed over 20 times within a 2-month period and created an environmental disaster.
    (SFC, 4/19/99, p.A1,8)(SFC, 7/6/99, p.A8)(AP, 4/18/00)(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A14)
1999        Apr 18, During a speech on the 19th anniversary of independence Pres. Mugabe said that over 1200 Zimbabweans were dying each week from AIDS.
    (SFC, 4/19/99, p.A10)

2000        Apr 18, In his first game back following a 12-game suspension for making disparaging remarks about minorities, gays and immigrants, Atlanta’s John Rocker pitched a scoreless ninth inning in a 4-to-3, 12-inning victory over Philadelphia.
    (AP, 4/18/01)
2000        Apr 18, In a defeat for the United States, a United Nations commission in Geneva voted 22-to-18 against censuring China’s human rights record.
    (AP, 4/18/01)
2000        Apr 17, In Spokane, Wa., Robert L. Yates Jr., a National Guardsman and the father of 5, was arrested for the murder of a 16-year-old prostitute and suspected in the murder of as many as 17 other slayings in Washington state. On Oct 16 Yates agreed to plead guilty to 13 murders to avoid the death penalty. He was sentenced to 408 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A10)(SFC, 10/17/00, p.A12)(AP, 4/18/01)
2000        Apr 18, The Nasdaq gained 254.41 (7.19%) to 3793.57 for its biggest point gain ever.
    (WSJ, 4/19/00, p.C1)
2000        Apr 18, The US FDA approved the antibiotic Zyvox, made by Pharmacia, for use in hospitals and other medical settings to treat drug-resistant infections.
    (WSJ, 4/19/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 18, In Michigan Kenneth Ray Miller (55), a tenant at a senior apartment house in Lincoln Park, shot and killed 2 women after he was summoned to discuss complaints about his vulgar language. A 3rd woman died days later.
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A3)(SFC, 4/22/00, p.B10)
2000        Apr 18, In Zimbabwe Martin Olds, a white cattle rancher, was fatally shot by squatters.
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A10)

2001        Apr 18, US negotiators said China agreed to discuss the return of the US spy plane following a day of unproductive talks. Beijing and Washington staked out opposing positions on who was to blame for the incident.
    (SFC, 4/19/01, p.A10)(AP, 4/18/02)
2001        Apr 18, The US Federal Reserve lowered short term interest rates by a half point to 4.5%. The DJIA rose 399 to 10,615. Nasdaq rose 156 to 2079.
    (SFC, 4/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 18, Border fighting between Bangladesh and India left 16 Indian and 2 Bangladeshi soldiers dead.
    (WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 18, The Burundi army put down a coup attempt by junior officers opposed to Pres. Buyoya’s negotiations with Hutu rebels.
    (SFC, 4/19/01, p.A11)
2001        Apr 18, India launched a rocket carrying a communications satellite.
    (SFC, 4/19/01, p.A11)
2001        Apr 18, Iran launched 56 Scud missiles against an Iraq-based opposition group. At least 3 People’s Mujahedeen- Khalq (MEK) camps were hit.
    (WSJ, 4/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 18, Israel raided southern Gaza and leveled a Palestinian police station in response to mortar attacks.
    (SFC, 4/19/01, p.A10)
2001        Apr 18, In Nigeria a mosque collapsed amid a downpour in a Lagos shantytown and at least 12 children were killed.
    (WSJ, 4/20/01, p.A1)

2002        Apr 18, The WSJ announced the end of its expert vs. dartboard portfolio following a 14-year contest.
    (WSJ, 4/18/02, p.c1)
2002        Apr 18, Robert Blake (68), TV’s detective in the Baretta series, was arrested along with his bodyguard for the murder of his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley, last May. Blake was acquitted at his criminal trial but found liable in a civil trial.
    (SFC, 4/19/02, p.A1)(AP, 4/18/07)
2002        Apr 18, An Amtrak train derailed near Crescent City, Florida. 4 people were killed and 36 injured. The engineer had pulled the emergency brake after he spied what he thought was deformed track. 3 workers pulled the emergency brake when they saw a disjointed track.
    (SFC, 4/19/02, p.A3)(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/21/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 18, US Astronomers reported sighting a supernova dubbed SN2002bj, reported to be 135 million light years away and unique in that it died away in days rather than months.
    (SFC, 11/6/09, p.A7)
2002        Apr 18, Afghanistan's former king, Mohammad Zaher Shah, returned to his country after 29 years in exile.
    (AP, 4/18/03)
2002        Apr 18, A US fighter jet accidentally dropped a laser-guided bomb on Canadian forces near Kandahar, Afghanistan, and 4 soldiers were killed. On Sep 12 two U.S. F-16 fighter pilots were charged with manslaughter and assault in the "friendly fire" bombing of Canadian troops that killed four soldiers and injured eight. In 2004 USAF pilot Maj. Harry Schmidt was found guilty of dereliction of duty. He received a reprimand and was docked a month’s pay.
    (SFC, 4/18/02, p.A10)(SFC, 6/19/02, p.A8)(Reuters, 9/13/02)(SFC, 7/7/04, p.A6)
2002        Apr 18, In Chechnya rebel explosives killed 21 police officers in Grozny.
    (SFC, 4/19/02, p.A19)
2002        Apr 18, In Italy a small plane crashed into the 25th floor of the 32-story Pirelli building in Milan. He was killed along with 2 government lawyers working inside. Pilot Luigi Fasulo (67) made a distress call and flew off course. Suicide over financial problems was later suspected.
    (SFC, 4/19/02, p.A1,16)(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A9)
2002        Apr 18, Thor Heyerdahl (87), Norwegian head of the 1947 Kon-Tiki voyage, died in northern Italy.
    (SFC, 4/19/02, p.A2)
2002        Apr 18, Omar Abu Selmia (15), wired with grenades, was shot and killed by Israeli soldiers as he tried to enter a Jewish settlement in Gaza.
    (SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A1)

2003        Apr 18, Scott Peterson was arrested in San Diego for the death of his wife, Laci, who was eight months pregnant when she vanished on Christmas Eve. Genetic testing proved that two bodies found Apr 13-14 near the SF Bay Berkeley Marina were Laci Peterson and her baby. [see Dec 24, 2002]
    (AP, 4/19/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Apr 18, Burt Rutan, aircraft designer, unveiled SpaceShipOne, a rocket-powered spacecraft. He hoped to win the $10 million 1996 X Prize, offered for the 1st private launch of 3-people to an altitude of 62.5 miles twice in 2 weeks.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.A2)
2003        Apr 18, In the Florida Keys at least 28 pilot whales stranded themselves and 5 were reported dead.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.A4)
2003        Apr 18, Iraqi opposition leader Ahmad Chalabi said he expects an Iraqi interim authority to take over most government functions from the US military in "a matter of weeks rather than months." Protesters marched in Baghdad denouncing US presence. Kurds were reported expelling Arab families from towns and villages where they had lived decades ago. Samir Abd al-Aziz al-Najim (4 of clubs), a senior leader of the shattered Baath party, was handed over to US forces overnight by Iraqi Kurds near the northern city of Mosul. Iraqi police captured Hikmat Ibrahim al-Azzawi (8 of diamonds), a deputy prime minister and number 45 on an American list of the 55 most wanted Iraqis. US troops in Baghdad uncovered numerous boxes of UC currency estimated at $650 million. Videotape was shot by a Minnesota television crew traveling with US troops in Iraq when they first opened the bunkers at the Al-Qaqaa munitions base nine days after the fall of Saddam Hussein. The tape shows what appears to be high explosives still in barrels and bearing the markings of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
    (AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A1,A10)(AP, 10/29/04)
2003        Apr 18, North Korea said it was ready to begin reprocessing more than 8,000 spent nuclear fuel rods. US experts said it will give the communist state enough plutonium to make several atomic bombs.
    (AP, 4/18/03)(SFC, 4/19/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 18, At least 13 Filipino devotees were nailed to wooden crosses north of Manila in an annual Good Friday re-enactment of Jesus Christ's crucifixion.
    (AP, 4/18/03)
2003        Apr 18, Poland signed a deal to buy 48 US-made F-16 jet fighters for $3.5 billion, the biggest defense contract by a former Soviet bloc country since the end of the Cold War.
    (AP, 4/18/03)
2003        Apr 18, The IMF approved the release of $701 million in loans to Turkey, part of an $18 billion package approved in Feb 2002.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.A12)
2003        Apr 18, In north central Venezuela a fight between inmates wielding homemade knives and machetes left 11 dead and 40 injured inside a maximum security prison.
    (AP, 4/19/03)

2004        Apr 18, Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara (83), Fiji's first prime minister and a key U.S. ally in the South Pacific during the Cold War, died. The paramount chief of the Lau Islands of eastern Fiji, he was revered for holding together bickering tribes as he welded Fiji into a stable, multiracial nation after 96 years of colonial British rule.
    (AP, 4/19/04)
2004        Apr 18, In Indonesia Presidential front-runner Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said he had chosen the country's popular welfare minister as his running mate, forging a ticket that polls show could easily defeat incumbent Megawati Sukarnoputri in July.
    (AP, 4/18/04)
2004        Apr 18, Koken Nosaka (79), Japanese lawmaker, died. He was a former top government spokesman under Japan's first Socialist prime minister in the post-World War II era.
    (AP, 4/18/04)
2004        Apr 18, Hamas secretly appointed a new Gaza Strip chief. Dr. Mahmoud Zahar was appointed as the group's 3rd leader.
    (AP, 4/18/04)(SFC, 4/23/04, p.A16)
2004        Apr 18, In Libya Moammar Gadhafi called for the abolition of Libya's three decade-old exceptional courts and other strict laws criticized by human rights groups.
    (AP, 4/18/04)
2004        Apr 18, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il crossed into China in a special train for a summit to discuss the North's nuclear weapons program with the Chinese president.
    (AP, 4/18/04)
2004        Apr 18, Rodriguez Zapatero, Spain's new PM, ordered the withdrawal of 1,300 Spanish troops from Iraq.
    (SFC, 4/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 18, The UN reported that at least 50,000 people have fled their homes in recent weeks because of militia attacks and fighting between Sudanese government and rebel forces in southern Sudan.
    (AP, 4/18/04)

2005        Apr 18, The Boston Marathon was won by Hailu Negusie of Ethiopia, 2:11:45; Catherine Ndereba of Kenya became the first woman to win a fourth Boston Marathon with a time of 2:25:13.
    (WSJ, 4/19/05, p.A1)(AP, 4/18/06)
2005        Apr 18, Lance Armstrong announced he was retiring after the upcoming Tour de France.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2005        Apr 18, The annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were awarded in San Francisco. Recipients included Isidro Baldenegro of Mexico (forest protection), Rev. Jose Andres Tamayo Cortes of Honduras (unregulated logging), Kaisha Atakhanova of Kazakhstan (fighting the import of nuclear waste), Corneille E.N. Ewango of Congo (animal and plant protection), Stephanie Daniel Roth of Romania (for fighting an open-cast gold mine), and Chavannes Jean-Baptiste of Haiti (for teaching sustainable agriculture).
    (SFC, 4/18/05, p.B2)
2005        Apr 18, Adobe Systems announced a $3.1 billion all stock merger with Macromedia.
    (SFC, 4/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 18, Australia and China agreed to start talks on a free trade pact. Visiting PM John Howard also announcing Canberra's recognition of China as free market economy.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to widen the arms embargo in Congo as part of stepped-up efforts to bring peace to the African country's volatile east.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, In Ecuador anti-government protests spread from Quito as a river of demonstrators poured into the streets of Guayaquil to demand that President Lucio Gutierrez step down.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, India and Pakistan agreed to open up the militarized frontier dividing Kashmir, capping a landmark visit to New Delhi by President Pervez Musharraf.
    (Reuters, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, Iran suspended the nationwide operations of Arab TV broadcaster Al-Jazeera, accusing it of inflaming violent protests by the Arab minority in its southwest.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, Iraqi security forces, backed by U.S. military, swept into Madain, a town south of Baghdad, but found no hostages despite reports that Sunni militants had kidnapped as many as 100 Shiites there.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, Italy's Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi agreed a deal with rebel ministers of the Christian Democrat UDC party to form a new centre-right government and avoid snap elections.
    (AFP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, Lebanese lawmaker Bassel Fleihan (41), a former economy minister, died of wounds received 2 months ago in a bombing that killed his close friend, former PM Rafik Hariri.
    (AP, 4/18/05)
2005        Apr 18, Madagascar’s Pres. Ravalomanana signed a $110 million, 4-year aid package in Washington, designed to fix problems with corruption and local bank loans. The grant was from the Millennium Challenge Account, unveiled by Pres. Bush in 2002 to fund honest governments pursuing sound economic policies
    (WSJ, 4/18/05, p.A1)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.75)

2006        Apr 18, Pres. Bush nominated former Ohio Rep. Rob Portman to head the White House budget office.
    (SFC, 4/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 18, Chinese President Hu Jintao arrived in Washington state, toured the Redmond campus of Microsoft and had dinner at the home of MS Corp. Chairman Bill Gates.
    (AP, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 18, In a plea deal unsealed in federal court, US contractor Philip Bloom admitted that between December 2003 and December 2005, he conspired with some public officials, including several U.S. Army officers, to rig bids on Iraq rebuilding contracts.
    (Reuters, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, Two Duke University lacrosse players were arrested on charges of raping and kidnapping a stripper hired to dance at an off-campus party on March 13. The DA said he hoped to charge a third person soon. A Dec pre-trial hearing disclosed that no DNA material from the players had been found in the stripper and that this information had been withheld in an initial report. DNA evidence from several other men was found. In late December rape counts were dropped when the alleged victim changed her story. On April 11, 2007, all charges were dropped. Stuart Taylor and K.C. Johnson soon authored “Until Proven Innocent" (2007), their evaluation of the incident and following trial.
    (AP, 4/18/06)(WSJ, 12/23/06, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/24/06, p.A18)(Econ, 9/15/07, p.46)
2006        Apr 18, In SF thousands gathered for the 100 year anniversary of the 1906 earthquake.
    (SFC, 4/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 18, Josephine Crawford (84), a Galloway Township widow, hit a $10 million jackpot, the biggest in the history of casino gambling in Atlantic City, NJ.
    (AP, 4/20/06)
2006        Apr 18, In Rhode Island the 1940 Jamestown Bridge was demolished. It connected North Kingstown and Jamestown and was replaced by the Jamestown-Verrazano Bridge.
    (SFC, 4/19/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 18, Australia said it will send up to 110 troops to the Solomon Islands to help restore calm after the election of a new prime minister sparked rioting.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, Christian Schwarz-Schilling, Bosnia's international administrator, said the international community should end its decade-long control and allow Bosnia to assume the responsibilities of a "normal" democracy.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, In northern Baghdad clashes left 5 Iraqis dead and six people, including civilians, wounded. A bomb exploded at a Baghdad cafe frequented by police in the eastern neighborhood of Suleikh, killing at least three policemen and four civilians and wounding more than 20 other people. Authorities discovered 15 dead men shot in the head in various parts of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/18/06)(SFC, 4/19/06, p.A8)
2006        Apr 18, Israel decided to revoke the Jerusalem residency rights of four Hamas lawmakers, a response to a suicide bombing that killed nine civilians in a Tel Aviv restaurant. Israeli aircraft fired missiles at a metal workshop in Gaza City.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, Jordan accused Hamas activists of smuggling missiles and other weapons into the kingdom and said it was canceling a planned visit of the Palestinian foreign minister, the second diplomatic snub for the Hamas-led government in a week. Jordan later reported that it had detained more than 20 Hamas activists for smuggling arms from Syria.
    (AP, 4/18/06)(AP, 5/10/06)
2006        Apr 18, In Kenya officials said the Sabaki River, swollen by heavy rains, had overflowed its banks, forcing at least 10,000 people to flee their homes.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, In Mongolia thousands of demonstrators marched outside government headquarters, burning effigies of the nation's leaders and demanding their resignations because of alleged corruption and the mishandling of mineral wealth.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, In Morocco an appeals court upheld record damages imposed on a weekly newsmagazine in a defamation suit that some rights groups say the government is using to intimidate independent media.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, Noor Jehan, a 14-year-old Pakistani girl, was shot 5 times by male relatives over a rebuffed marriage proposal and left for dead on the outskirts of Karachi. She died at a hospital in Karachi on May 21.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2006        Apr 18, A security official said Saudi authorities arrested five suspected terrorists linked to the February 24 deadly attack on the world's largest oil processing facility.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, Mobs of Solomon Islanders looted stores, torched buildings and cars, and pelted police with stones after lawmakers elected Snyder Rini as the new prime minister. He associated with a previous administration accused of corruption. Seven officers were injured.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, Thailand's government said it will extend a state of emergency in southern Thailand as part of measures to combat a Muslim insurgency that has left over 1,000 people dead.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, Greenpeace said in a new report that more than 90,000 people were likely to die of cancers caused by radiation from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, countering a United Nations report that predicted the death toll would be around 4,000.
    (AP, 4/18/06)
2006        Apr 18, Vietnam's communist party opened its 10th five-yearly congress. The 8-day session,  likely to reshuffle the national leadership, opened with a stern warning from party General Secretary Nong Duc Manh that corruption threatens the regime's survival. During the session Bloc 8406, a new dissident group, emerged with a “manifesto on freedom and democracy."
    (AFP, 4/18/06)(Econ, 4/26/08, SR p.16)

2007        Apr 18, The US Supreme Court, in a 5-4 ruling, upheld the 2003 nationwide ban on a controversial abortion procedure known as dilation and extraction, handing abortion opponents the long-awaited victory they expected from a more conservative bench.
    (AP, 4/18/07)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.34)
2007        Apr 18, The DJIA rose 30.80 to a record 12,803.84. Nasdaq fell 6.45 to 2,510.
    (SFC, 4/19/07, p.C1)(WSJ, 4/19/07, p.C1)
2007        Apr 18, US research found that Ethanol-fueled vehicles could contribute to more illnesses and deaths from respiratory disease than gasoline-powered cars and trucks.
    (AFP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 18, More than 100 journalists protested a police raid ordered by Afghanistan's attorney general on a private TV station that has fueled concern over growing government harassment of the media. Afghan and US-led coalition forces clashed with Taliban fighters and called in an airstrike in southern Afghanistan, leaving 24 suspected militants dead and two coalition soldiers wounded. Three other suspected militants were reported killed in the western provinces. In eastern Afghanistan coalition and Afghan forces arrested five suspected al-Qaida. A US-led coalition convoy hit a boy in Kabul and killed him.
    (AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 18, A catamaran was discovered deserted off Australia’s Great Barrier Reef with the sails up, engine running and food on the table. Its crew of 3 was last seen April 15.
    (AP, 4/21/07)
 2007        Apr 18, Bangladesh's military-backed emergency government exiled opposition leader Sheikh Hasina Wajed as it stepped up a massive purge of the crisis-wracked country's political hierarchy.
    (AP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 18, The British Foreign Office expressed disappointment and disagreement with a National Union of Journalists vote to call for a boycott on Israeli goods.
    (AP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 18, A report said Britain has the worst level of drug abuse in Europe, and the second highest level of drug-related deaths.
    (AFP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 18, Burundi, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda adopted a joint military strategy to fight rebel groups operating in the war-scarred Great Lakes region.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 18, The futuristic No. D460 bullet train departed Shanghai Station, heralding a new era of high-speed rail travel in China. In northeast China at least 32 workers were killed and two injured when they were engulfed in white-hot molten steel in a metal factory.
    (AFP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/18/07)(Econ, 5/19/07, p.70)
2007        Apr 18, In Colombia thousands of people were evacuated after a long-dormant volcano erupted, provoking avalanches and floods that swept away houses and bridges. The Nevado del Huila volcano's eruptions were its first on record since Colombia was colonized by the Spanish 500 years ago.
    (AP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 18, At least 16 Egyptian secondary school students were killed on their way to school when a truck they were riding in collided head-on with another vehicle south of Cairo.
    (AP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 18, Ultrasound machines in India, primarily sold by GE, were reported to be linked to a declining sex ratio, even though laws forbade doctors from disclosing the sex of fetuses. Female fetuses were widely aborted due to high dowry costs.
    (WSJ, 4/18/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 18, Iraq’s Pres. Maliki declared that Iraqi forces would take over security of the entire country by the end of this year. A few hours later a parked car bomb detonated in a crowd of workers at the Sadriyah market in central Baghdad, killing some 140 people and wounding 148 including men who were rebuilding the market after a Feb. 3 bombing left 137 dead. A suicide car bomber crashed into an Iraqi police checkpoint at an entrance to Sadr City killing at least 30 people, including five Iraqi security officers. A parked car exploded near a private hospital in the central neighborhood of Karradah, killing 11 people and wounding 13. A fourth explosion from a bomb left on a minibus in the northwestern Risafi area, killed four people and wounded six others. 4 policemen were killed when gunmen ambushed their patrol south of the city center. US troops killed five suspected insurgents and captured 30 others in a raid in Anbar province. A suspected insurgent was killed and eight captured in two raids north of Baghdad. More than 230 people died in one of the war's deadliest episodes of violence. Britain turned Maysan province over to Iraqi rule.
    (AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/19/07)(SFC, 4/19/07, p.A10)(Econ, 4/21/07, p.54)
2007        Apr 18, Mexican police and soldiers battled gunmen at a hospital in Tijuana in violence that left at least three people dead before the authorities subdued the attackers. Authorities said next day that the gunmen were hit men for the city's Arellano Felix drug cartel.
    (AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 18, Scientists in the Netherlands said they have discovered a fungus in elephant dung that will help them break down fibers and wood into biofuel.
    (Reuters, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 18, Nigeria's government rejected an opposition call to postpone the presidential election following widespread abuses in state polls last weekend. Nigerian soldiers killed at least 25 Islamic militants, in the second day of violent clashes in Kano.
    (AFP, 4/18/07)(Reuters, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 18, Russian police raided Educated Media Foundation, an independent Russian organization. Police said the search was linked to a criminal case launched against the director after she failed to declare some $12,500 in cash she brought into the country on January 21. Foundation President Manana Aslamazyan said this was likely linked to growing government pressure on Western-funded NGOs. Aslamazyan fled to Paris and authorities shuttered the foundation.
    (AP, 4/20/07)(AP, 4/24/07)(SFC, 6/30/07, p.A7)
2007        Apr 18, In Somalia overnight street battles in Mogadishu left at least 11 people dead and dozens others injured.
    (AP, 4/18/07)
2007        Apr 18, In central Turkey assailants in Malatya tied up three people at a publishing house that distributes Bibles and then slit their throats. Tilmann Geske (46), a German missionary, and two Turkish Christians were killed. Five young men were detained and charged with murder; they allegedly said they killed to protect Islam.
    (AP, 4/18/07)(AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 18, The UN Security Council expressed "serious concern" at mounting reports of weapons being smuggled from Syria to Lebanon and authorized an independent mission to evaluate monitoring of the border between the two countries.
    (AP, 4/18/07)

2008        Apr 18,     President George W. Bush and South Korea's leader Lee Myung-bak held talks on pushing ahead with a huge free trade deal and fortifying their half-century security alliance. Bush welcomed Lee at Camp David for the two-day talks, that are to include their economic and defense teams. Just hours before the Bush-Lee talks, South Korea announced it had agreed to give US beef greater access to its market.
    (AFP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, A magnitude 5.2 earthquake hit southern Illinois in the Ozark Dome region and was felt across the Midwest.
    (SFC, 4/19/08, p.A5)
2008        Apr 18, In New Jersey 5 people were shot and 3 others stabbed in 4 separate incidents in Irvington.
    (SFC, 4/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 18, In Afghanistan the son of the Netherlands' top military officer was killed by a roadside bomb, the day after his father assumed command of the Dutch armed forces.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In Bolivia American rancher Ronald Larsen, who has extensive land holdings there, and his son Duston were named in a criminal complaint for "sedition, robbery, and other crimes." Ronald Larsen, of Montana, was accused of firing on the vehicle Alejandro Almaraz, the Deputy Minister of Land. and holding the minister hostage as he tried to carry out a government inspection of Larsen's ranch in southern Bolivia on February 29. Larson said Almaraz was drunk and had showed up at the ranch at three in the morning.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 18, The Royal Canadian Mounted Police arrested Benoit Corbeil, a former senior Liberal official, on fraud charges in connection with an advertising scandal that helped topple the Liberal government in 2006.
    (Reuters, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In Chile 5 high-ranking retired navy officers were indicted for the abduction, torture and killing a British-Chilean priest and other dissidents in the days following Chile's 1973 military coup.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18,     In China 56 fishermen were reported missing as one of the earliest typhoons to hit the region in six decades barreled down on the southern island of Hainan. 38 swam to a reef area after their boats were damaged leaving 18 still missing.
    (AP, 4/18/08)(AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 18, Ecuador's constitutional assembly approved a decree revoking most of the mining concessions in the country, following up on the leftist government's pledge to take greater control over natural resources.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, Iraqi police said a company of government troops in Sadr City retreated when they came under attack from Shiite militiamen who used the cover of a sandstorm. Overnight clashed killed two people and injured nine. Ayman al-Zawahri, Al-Qaida's No. 2, said in a new audiotape that the US will lose whether it stays in Iraq or withdraws, and he sneered that President Bush just wants to pass the problem on to his successor. It was reported that US commanders have begun releasing Iraqi detainees. 8,000 have been released since September with plans to release half of the 23,000 currently held.
    (AP, 4/18/08)(WSJ, 4/18/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 18,     The Israeli government revealed plans to build 100 homes in two Jewish settlements, one of them deep in the West Bank, in violation of its pledge to freeze settlement expansion. The Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades said Hani Al-Kabi, a leader of the group in the Balata refugee camp, was killed by Israeli troops during a raid in Nablus.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In western Mexico a military helicopter crashed, killing 11 soldiers and seriously injuring another.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 18,     In Mongolia more than 20,000 people flooded the center of the capital, Ulan Bator, to demand that the government do something about rising food prices that have nearly tripled in some cases.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In Morocco French PM Francois Fillon announced the signing of economic tie-ups with Morocco, alongside the sale of a naval warship to aid defense coordination.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In southern Nepal Rudra Bahadur Singh, a candidate in last week's election from a party that supports Nepal's discredited king, was fatally shot.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 18, In the northern Philippines a passenger bus plunged into a ravine, killing nine people and injuring more than 20.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18,     In Singapore J.B. Jeyaretnam (82), interim secretary general of the Reform Party, vowed to fight what it called the "enslavement" of Singapore after nearly half-a-century of rule by the People's Action Party (PAP).
    (AFP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18,     South Africa's main transport union thwarted the delivery of a controversial shipment of Chinese arms destined for Zimbabwe, saying its workers would not offload the cargo. The Chinese ship left the South African harbor and headed for neighboring Mozambique. Angola and Mozambique said the ship is not welcome. China defended the cargo against international criticism.
    (AFP, 4/18/08)(AP, 4/19/08)(AFP, 4/22/08)(SFC, 4/23/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 18,     Spain's newly re-elected government announced an 18-billion-euro plan to revive the economy, which is suffering a slowdown after a decade-long boom that had been the envy of the rest of Europe.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18,     Former US Pres. Jimmy Carter arrived in Syria where he met Pres. Bashar Assad, the political leader of the militant Palestinian Hamas group and Syrian businessmen.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18,     Thailand's PM Samak Sundaravej said that Thais should be honored the Olympic torch is passing through their country and protesters have no reason to disrupt the relay. Up to 2,000 police will guard the April 19 relay, a 6.3-mile run.
    (AP, 4/18/08)
2008        Apr 18, In northern Yemen gunmen assassinated Saleh Hendi, a ruling party lawmaker, along with his son.
    (AP, 4/18/08)

2009        Apr 18, The Obama administration said it will boycott the April 20-25 UN conference on racism due to objectionable language in the meeting’s final draft document.
    (SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A13)
2009        Apr 18, In Texas 5 Houston children died after their sedan slid into a rain-swollen ditch when driver Chanton Jenkins (32) lost control while trying to answer a cell phone. Police the next day filed intoxication manslaughter charges against Jenkins, the father of 3 of the victims.
    (AP, 4/19/09)(AP, 4/20/09)(WSJ, 4/20/09, p.A7)
2009        Apr 18, In central Afghanistan NATO-led forces and Afghan troops killed 3 suspected militants during a raid in Logar province, where insurgent attacks have spiked this year. At least two other suspected militants died in an airstrike in southern Kandahar province. A roadside bomb targeting a police vehicle in Kandahar city killed a woman and wounded five other people including three civilians.
    (AP, 4/18/09)
2009        April 18, Eddie George (70), British central banker, died. He had helped give Britain over 40 successful quarters of economic growth.
    (Econ, 4/25/09, p.90)
2009        Apr 18, In Egypt the state-run newspaper Al-Ahram reported that an Egyptian woman has contracted bird flu in the second case in the country in as many days.
    (AFP, 4/18/09)
2009        Apr 18,  In southern Egypt Muslim gunmen shot dead two Coptic Christians as they left church after an Easter vigil, in an apparent five-year-old vendetta.
    (AFP, 4/19/09)
2009        Apr 18, French and Spanish security forces thwarted a new ETA attack with the arrest of Jurdan Martitegi, the military chief of the Basque separatist group, and seven other suspected members.
    (AFP, 4/19/09)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.56)
2009        Apr 18, Jon Anza Ortunez (47), a member of the armed Basque group ETA, was last seen. ETA blamed Spanish police for a role in his disappearance — a claim Spain denied. ETA said Anza had been transporting a large sum of money between the French cities of Bayonne, which is not far from the border with Spain, and Toulouse for the group when he vanished. In 2010 his body turned up in a morgue in France. French officials told Anza's family that he had fallen ill on a street on April 29 and was taken to a hospital in Toulouse, where he died May 11. At the time, no one was reportedly able to identify him.
    (AP, 3/12/10)
2009        Apr 18, Eight Mexican law enforcement officers were killed in an unsuccessful attack on a police convoy attempting to prevent the transfer of an important drug suspect to a prison in western Mexico. The attack appeared to have been an attempt to free  Jeronimo Gamez, a top lieutenant of the Beltran-Leyva cartel, was arrested on the outskirts of Mexico City in January. Officers managed to deliver Gamez and eight other detainees to the prison despite the attacks.
    (AP, 4/19/09)(AP, 4/20/09)
2009        Apr 18, In Mexico one train apparently ran into another on the recently inaugurated Suburban Railway bordering Mexico City. At least 70 people were injured.
    (AP, 4/19/09)
2009        Apr 18, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into a military checkpoint near the Orakzai tribal region, killing at least 27 people.
    (AP, 4/18/09)(SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A6)
2009        Apr 18, A Palestinian teen (16) was fatally shot by Israeli troops after throwing firebombs at the gate of the Beit El Jewish settlement in the West Bank. A Palestinian man drove his Mercedes into two Israeli policemen checking motorists at a checkpoint outside Jerusalem. The driver was arrested after he told police he targeted the officers. Officials announced that the border crossing between Gaza and Egypt would be open over the weekend to let medical patients leave the blockaded territory.
    (AP, 4/18/09)
2009        Apr 18, Philippine security forces rescued Andreas Notter (38), a Swiss Red Cross worker held hostage since January 15 by Islamic guerrillas. The government said it had no immediate details about a 2nd International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) hostage, Italian national Eugenio Vagni (62), who was believed to be unwell and in need of hernia surgery.
    (AFP, 4/18/09)
2009        Apr 18, Somali parliamentarians unanimously endorsed a proposal to implement Islamic law in the Horn of Africa nation.
    (AP, 4/18/09)
2009        Apr 18, Somali pirates attacked two ships off the Horn of Africa, seizing the Belgian-flagged Pompei carrying 10 crew. NATO forces intervened in the other assault, chasing the pirates down. Dutch commandos then freed 20 fishermen on a Yemeni dhow hijacked earlier. Seven pirates attempted to attack the Norwegian-flagged MV Front Ardenne but fled after crew took evasive maneuvers and alerted warships in the area. NATO warships and helicopters pursued the Somali pirates for seven hours after they attacked the tanker, and the high-speed chase only ended when warning shots were fired at the pirates' skiff. NATO forces boarded the skiff, where they found a rocket-propelled grenade, and interrogated, disarmed and released the pirates. The Pompei and its crew were released on June 28.
    (AP, 4/18/09)(AP, 4/19/09)(AP, 6/28/09)
2009        Apr 18, In Sri Lanka 17 rebels were killed and 22 wounded in offensives aimed at clearing new escape routes for the civilians and a road link for the military to enter the zone. According to the military more than 2,800 civilians were able to flee the war zone.
    (AP, 4/19/09)
2009        Apr 18, The 34-nation weekend Summit of the Americas opened in Trinidad. Cuba, as the region's only non-democracy, was not invited. Pres. Obama signaled he was ready to accept Cuban President Raul Castro's proposal of talks on issues once off-limits for Havana, including the scores of political prisoners held by the communist government.
    (AP, 4/18/09)
2009        Apr 18, In Turkey thousands of people marched to the mausoleum of the country’s secular founder to protest the arrests of university professors and other secularists accused of involvement in an alleged plot to topple the Islamic-rooted government.
    (AP, 4/18/09)
2009        Apr 18, About 140 migrants remained stranded aboard a Turkish cargo ship for a third day as Malta and Italy argued about which country should accept them.
    (AP, 4/18/09)
2009        Apr 18, Venezuela’s Hugo Chavez said that he is restoring Venezuela's ambassador in Washington, voicing hopes for a "new era" in relations after exchanging greetings with US President Barack Obama at a regional summit in Trinidad. Chavez presented Obama with a Spanish hardcover edition of "Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent" (1971), by Uruguayan journalist Eduardo Galeano.
    (AP, 4/18/09)(WSJ, 4/27/09, p.A13)
2009        Apr 18, Zimbabweans celebrated their first Independence Day under a coalition government, with President Robert Mugabe calling for national conciliation as he shared the stage with his former political rival.
    (AP, 4/18/09)

2010        Apr 18, The Int’l. Cannabis and Hemp Expo closed at the Cow Palace, Daly City, Ca. it was the first trade show in the US to allow on-site pot smoking and attracted some 15,000 enthusiasts over the weekend.
    (SFC, 4/19/10, p.C1)
2010        Apr 18, The Afghan Interior Ministry said at least 29 militants, including two commanders, have been killed over four days of intense fighting aimed at protecting supply routes through northern Afghanistan. One person was killed and 14 wounded when a remote-controlled bomb exploded in the town of Dawlatabad in northern Faryab province.
    (AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 18, Chinese President Hu Jintao called on rescuers to keep searching for survivors as he visited victims of a powerful quake in Tibet that left some 2,064 dead.
    (AP, 4/18/10)(AP, 4/19/10)(AP, 4/21/10)
2010        Apr 18, Turkish Cypriots voted for a new leader, aware that their choice could lead to a deadlock in peace talks and possibly jeopardize Turkey's bid for EU membership. Nationalist Dervis Eroglu narrowly defeated leftist incumbent Mehmet Ali Talat in the election with 50.38 percent of the vote, promising to continue reunification talks with rival Greek Cypriots. Talat drew 42.85 percent. With a clear mandate, there is little incentive for Eroglu to abandon his support for two separate states on the island.
    (AP, 4/18/10)(AP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 18, Iran’s pro-reform Sharq daily said that filmmaker Mohammad Nourizad was convicted on charges of spreading propaganda against the clerical establishment and insulting the country's leaders. Nourizad was arrested in November after writing a protest letter to the country's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, urging him to apologize to the nation for the bloody crackdown on the opposition movement after the disputed June presidential elections. In May it was later reported that Nourizad was beaten in prison and had gone on a hunger strike.
    (AP, 4/18/10)(AP, 5/20/10)
2010        Apr 18, In Iraq Abu Omar al-Baghdadi and Abu Ayyub al-Masri, leaders of al-Qaida in Iraq, were killed in a nighttime raid on their safehouse near Tikrit. 4 dead men were identified as al-Masri, his assistant, al-Baghdadi and al-Baghdadi's son. An American soldier died of non-combat related injuries.
    (AP, 4/19/10)(AP, 4/20/10)
2010        Apr 18, In Nigeria gunmen abducted two Germans who sought respite along a beach in the oil-rich and violent southern region.
    (AP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 18, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber rammed a truck loaded with explosives into a police station in the Kohat area, killing a child and six other civilians. The Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 18, In the Philippines Justice Secretary Alberto Agra said he has ordered prosecutors to remove the names of Zaldy Ampatuan, a former governor of a Muslim autonomous region, and his brother-in-law Akhmad from the charge sheets for lack of strong evidence linking them to the planning and staging of the Nov 23, 2009, carnage in Maguindanao's Ampatuan township.
    (AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 18, In Somalia at least 10 people died, including five government soldiers, when a land mine exploded near a police station in south Mogadishu overnight.
    (AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 18, Somali pirates hijacked three Thai fishing vessels, the MV Prantalay 11, 12, and 14, with 77 crew aboard more than 1,200 miles (1,930 km) off the Somali coast, the farthest-off-shore attack to date.
    (AP, 4/20/10)
2010        Apr 18, Thailand's military declared Bangkok's main shopping boulevard unsafe because of large crowds of anti-government protesters and sent soldiers to nearby high-rise buildings to watch for any violence. The elite-backed "Yellow Shirts" vowed to take action if the government fails to deal with red-clad protesters within a week, raising fears of clashes between the rival groups.
    (AP, 4/18/10)(AFP, 4/18/10) 
2010        Apr 18, Turkey's navy commandos aboard the TCG Gelibolu frigate captured 13 Somali-based pirates in the Indian Ocean. They destroyed two skiffs and confiscated other pirate material.
    (AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 18, Pope Benedict XVI met in Malta with a group of clerical sex-abuse victims and promised them with tears in his eyes that the Catholic Church would seek justice for pedophile priests and implement "effective measures" to protect young people from abuse. 10 Maltese men came forward earlier this month saying they wanted to meet with the pope to tell him their stories and to request an apology. They said they were abused by 4 priests at a Catholic orphanage.
    (AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 18, In Yemen soldiers killed 2 suspected members of al-Qaida wanted by police and arrested a third in an exchange of fire at a checkpoint near the country's Red Sea coast.
    (AP, 4/18/10)
2010        Apr 18, Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe pledged to move ahead with plans to hand over 51 percent control of businesses to blacks under a controversial program. Addressing a rally to mark 30 years of independence from Britain, Mugabe urged Zimbabweans to end political violence and focus on rebuilding a devastated economy.
    (Reuters, 4/18/10)

2011        Apr 18, US investor William Browder said a Moscow tax official, who approved a fraudulent $230 million tax return in 2007, has bought luxury real estate in Moscow, Dubai and Montenegro and wired money through her husband's bank accounts worth $39 million. Browder has been campaigning against Russian corruption since 2009 when his lawyer, Sergey Magnitsky, died a year after being sent to prison.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, Two airline employees came to the aid of a woman that was being raped at Denver Int’l. Airport. Noel Bertrand (26) was later charged with sexual assault.
    (www.truecrimereport.com/2011/04/ex-marine_noel_alexander_alleg.php)
2011        Apr 18, In North Carolina Crystal Mangum (32) was indicted on a charge of first-degree murder and two counts of larceny. She has been in jail since April 3, when police charged her with assault in the stabbing of her boyfriend Reginald Daye (46). He died after nearly two weeks at a hospital. Mangum had falsely accused white lacrosse players of raping her at a 2006 party for which she was hired to perform as a stripper.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed two soldiers in the Defense Ministry in Kabul in the third attack on security installations in four days. The attacker was shot dead before he set off his explosives. Afghan and Iranian officials said armed assailants have kidnapped 12 Iranians and 2 Afghans building a road in western Farah province. 3 of the men were released April 19 and the rest on April 20 with the help of local tribal elders.
    (Reuters, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/19/11)(AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Argentina Victor Oscar Martinez (52), the sole witness to the 1977 death of Bishop Carlos Horacio Ponce de Leon, disappeared. He was released late April 20, hours after the president ordered all federal forces to search for him.
    (SFC, 4/21/11, p.A2)(AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 18, Bahrain’s Foreign Minister Sheikh Khaled bin Ahmad al-Khalifa said Gulf troops will stay until its Sunni rulers are satisfied that threats from Iran have eased amid an ongoing crackdown on dissent. He also said Bahrain does not seek to dissolve the main Shiite opposition group Al-Wefaq, and wants it as a "partner for the future."
    (AP, 4/18/11)(AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Botswana nearly 90,000 public sector workers went on strike demanding a 16% pay raise after a 3-year wage freeze. The government proceeded to fire 1,400 striking health care workers including some 50 doctors. After 8 weeks public workers settled for three percent after the government insisted it could not afford a larger increase.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.55)(AFP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 6/27/12)
2011        Apr 18, In Burkina Faso students burned down the ruling party headquarters and the prime minister’s house in Koudougou as a soldier’s mutiny spread.
    (SFC, 4/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 18, In CongoDRC at least 23 people died when a truck crashed into an area where young girls were collecting water outside the eastern city of Goma.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 18, Cuban delegates at a Communist Party summit approved about 313 “guidelines" for economic reforms in a unanimous vote, including a measure that apparently recommends the legalization the buying and selling of private property.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(Econ, 3/24/12, SR p.3)
2011        Apr 18, Greece's public order minister said residents of Keratea, a town near Athens, have pledged to suspend nearly four months of often violent protests over a planned rubbish dump, pending talks with officials.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, Hungary's center-right-dominated parliament adopted a socially and fiscally conservative new constitution, with 262 votes in favor, 44 against and one member abstaining. It included a ban on gay marriage protection of the life of a fetus from conception.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)(SFC, 4/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 18, India's Supreme Court banned travelling circuses from employing children and ordered the government to conduct raids on all performing companies to rescue minors.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Iraq suicide bombers detonated two explosives-packed cars outside Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone, killing at least 9 people and wounding 23. Two carloads of robbers stormed two jewelry shops in Baghdad's eastern al-Amin area, sparking a shootout with police. A shop owner and a customer were killed. Police also shot dead one of the robbers before the attackers fled with a bag of gold and gems. Gunmen stormed a house in Kirkuk, a northern, ethnically mixed city, killing 3 Shiite Arab women who had recently moved there.
    (AP, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 18, Italian chocolate tycoon Pietro Ferrero (47) fell off his bike while riding in South Africa and died. A heart attack was suspected.
    (AFP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Japan a pair of thin robots on treads sent to explore buildings inside the crippled Fukushima nuclear reactor came back with disheartening news: Radiation levels are far too high for repair crews to go inside.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Libya forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi bombarded Misrata with rockets and artillery. A senior UN official said Gadhafi's government has promised the UN access to Misrata, following weeks of heavy shelling of the city by government forces. A doctor reported 1,000 people killed in six weeks of fighting in the besieged city.
    (AP, 4/18/11)(AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, Mexico’s military captured nine suspects in connection with the killings of at least 145 people whose bodies were found starting early this month in pits in the township of San Fernando, in the border state of Tamaulipas. In 2014 federal prosecutors said local police in San Fernando were involved in the massacres of 193 mainly Central American migrants, whose bodies were found in mass graves in April and May, 2011.
    (AP, 4/20/11)(AP, 12/22/14)
2011        Apr 18, The Nigerian Red Cross said rioting in cities across northern Nigeria has killed many people with homes, churches and mosques set ablaze as election officials released results showing the Christian incumbent had gained an insurmountable lead.
    (Reuters, 4/18/11)(AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, Hamas police besieged a house in Gaza where al-Qaida-inspired militants implicated in the slaying of Italian activist Vittorio Arrigoni were holed up, trading gunfire with the suspects after they refused to surrender. Two Salafists were killed in the shootout.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(Econ, 4/30/11, p.50)
2011        Apr 18, Spain raised 4.66 billion euros in short-term debt but had to pay more than previously as Portugal's bailout talks sparked fresh fears over Madrid's ability to stabilize its own public finances.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, Spanish police arrested Sicilian mafia fugitive Claudio Adriano Giusto (43) after 13 years on the run for murder and robbery. Giusto was accused of shooting and killing Giuseppe Magaddino with a 7.65 mm firearm and then taking his wallet in Italy in March 1998.
    (AFP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 18, A Sudanese army helicopter crashed in North Darfur, killing all five people on board.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Syria at least seven people were killed when security forces fired into a crowd in the flashpoint town of Homs, as nationwide protests showed no sign of abating.
    (AFP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In southern Thailand Muslim insurgents set off a car bomb that killed one soldier and wounded 25 people.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Turkey Bedri Baykam, a prominent government critic, was hospitalized after a stabbing assault, which followed a speech in which he condemned plans to tear down the "Monument to Humanity," a sculpture near the Armenian border.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 18, Uganda police battled protesters for the third time in a week and again arrested the country's top opposition politician. One protester died after being tear gassed.
    (AP, 4/18/11)
2011        Apr 18, In Yemen several top figures and lawmakers who defected from Saleh's ruling Congress Party set up a new opposition party. Yemeni police reportedly fired tear gas and live ammunition at protesters calling for the ouster of the country's longtime president, injuring 45 people in the southern port town of al-Hudaydah.
    (AP, 4/18/11)

2012        Apr 18, The Los Angeles Times published 2 pictures, dating back to 2010, showing US soldiers posing with the remains of Taliban insurgents. One showed members of the 82nd Airborne Division posing in 2010 with Afghan police holding the severed legs of a suicide bomber. The 2nd appeared to show the hand of a dead insurgent resting on a US soldier's shoulder as the soldier smiles.
    (AP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 18, Eladio Aponte, a former Venezuelan supreme court justice who recently fled to the US, gave an interview to SoiTV, a Miami-based TV channel. He said that senior officials from the president on down would provide the judiciary with instructions on sensitive cases.
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.42)
2012        Apr 18, Dick Clark (1929) died at St. John's Hospital in Los Angeles after suffering a heart attack. He had hosted American Bandstand for four decades and literally introduced rock ’n’ roll to much of the nation.
    (SFC, 4/19/12, p.C5)
2012        Apr 18, ExxonMobil finalized the terms of a deal with Russia’s Rosneft to invest up to $500 billion in developing offshore reserves, including in Russia’s Arctic Kara Sea.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, SR p.5)
2012        Apr 18, The Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights said the government has arrested about 80 leading democracy activists in an attempt to contain anti-government protests ahead of the April 22 Formula One Grand Prix race.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 18, The British government promised to release 8,800 files from 37 former colonies as an official revue concluded that thousands of documents detailing shameful acts in the final years of the British Empire were systematically destroyed.
    (SSFC, 4/22/12, p.A4)
2012        Apr 18, CongoDRC Finance Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo Mapon (47) was appointed prime minister and asked to form a new government.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 18, The German government approved an extension of the EU's anti-piracy operation off the Horn of Africa to include targeting equipment stored on Somali beaches.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 18, Guinea-Bissau's former ruling party rejected the junta's plans for a transition government and demanded the release of top political leaders being held by the military rulers. Former secretary of state Fode Cassama was seized at his house by soldiers and taken to an unknown destination. The junta and opposition parties formally dissolved the government and called for a two-year transition period before new elections can be held.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 18, Iran welcomed Saudi Arabia suspending death sentences against several of its nationals convicted for drug trafficking.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 18, Mexican authorities seized 268,000 rounds of assault rifle ammunition in a US truck at a border crossing in Ciudad Juarez. Dallas truck driver Jabin Bogan was transporting a load of ammunition to a Phoenix gun shop when he said he made a wrong turn, causing him to cross the border into Mexico. Jabin was released on Nov 23 after his mother paid a fine.
    (SFC, 4/20/12, p.A2)(ABC News, 11/25/12)
2012        Apr 18, Mozambique state-run newspaper Noticias reported that rampaging elephants are terrorizing villages near the Zimbabwe border, attacking people, trampling crops and scaring children.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 18, In northern Nigeria a customs officer was shot dead at Gamboru market in Maiduguri, while a water vendor was also killed in another area of the city on the same day.
    (AFP, 4/20/12)
2012        Apr 18, Pakistan called for negotiations with rival nuclear power India over the disputed Siachen Glacier to the north of Kashmir, an apparent softening in attitude toward a neighbor with which it has fought three wars since 1947.
    (AP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 18, At Edinburgh High Court a man was sentenced to life in prison for the murder of his ex-lover in a hearing which was the first of its kind in Britain to be filmed by television cameras. David Gilroy (49) must spend a minimum of 18 years behind bars for killing his colleague Suzanne Pilley (38) two years ago, after she ended their affair.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 18, Spain's King Juan Carlos apologized for having gone elephant-hunting in Africa while everyday people endure a severe economic crisis.
    (AP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 18, Sudan’s Pres. Omar el-Bashir threatened to topple the government of South Sudan and liberate its people.
    (SFC, 4/19/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 18, Syrian troops opened fire on protesters, wounding eight in the Damascus suburb of Arbeen, visited by a UN observer team. Regime forces fired mortar shells at the central city of Homs. State news said two separate roadside bombs killed 10 members of the security forces and a civilian in northern Syria. 30 people were killed today, 22 of them civilians. In the central city of Homs alone, 13 civilians died in renewed bombardment.
    (AP, 4/18/12)(AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 18, Tunisia said some 100 Tunisian workers kidnapped by armed men in western Libya have been released. 3 Libyans arrested on April 14 wee also reported freed.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)
2012        Apr 18, Turkey said it has intercepted an Antigua and Barbuda-flagged vessel in the Mediterranean suspected of carrying weapons and ammunition to Syria. The "Atlantic Cruiser" belonged to a German company. The ship was chartered by a Ukrainian firm, which said that the cargo contained no weapons, but legal goods for civilian use.
    (AFP, 4/18/12)(AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 18, In Yemen 7 Al-Qaeda suspects, including four Somali nationals, were killed in battles with Yemeni troops near the southern town of Loder (Lawder). An air strike on an Al-Qaeda position near Loder killed six militants.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)

2013        Apr 18, In Watertown, Mass., local police were involved in a car chase and shootout with 2 men identified by the FBI as Suspect 1 and Suspect 2 in the April 15 Boston bombings. MIT police officer, Sean Collier (26), was shot and later died.  
    (AP, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 18, The New York Public Service Commission approved a plan to build the Champlain Hudson transmission line, which will be capable of moving 1,000 megawatts of hydropower from Québec to New York City.
    (Reuters, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 18, In Montana Zaccary John Kern (21) and Robert Eric Bottenhagen (21) were arrested on suspicion of negligent homicide hours after 4 bodies were found in a burned-out mobile home near Billings.
    (SFC, 4/20/13, p.A4)
2013        Apr 18, Authorities said a former Texas justice of the peace seeking revenge for a theft conviction that ended his judicial career carried out a plot with his wife to kill the men who prosecuted him. Eric Lyle Williams (46), and his wife, Kim Williams, were charged with capital murder in the slayings of Kaufman County District Attorney Mike McLelland, his wife, Cynthia, and assistant prosecutor Mark Hasse.
    (SFC, 4/19/13, p.A7)
2013        Apr 18, Scientists reported the discovery of 2 newly-found Earth-like planets. The exoplanets were named Kepler62-e and Kepler62-f.
    (SFC, 4/19/13, p.A11)
2013        Apr 18, Scientists reported the discovery of a cache of dinosaur embryos in southern China. The bed of lufengosaurus bones dated to the early Jurassic, about 190-197 million years ago.
    (SFC, 4/19/13, p.D7)
2013        Apr 18, In Afghanistan insurgents shot and killed four laborers building a checkpoint for the Afghan army in Helmand province. The International Committee of the Red Cross warned that security was deteriorating across Afghanistan as militants flood the battlefield and conduct attacks in the spring fighting season of the nearly 12-year-old war.
    (AP, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 18, Four Britons were jailed for plotting al Qaeda inspired bombings across the country, including an attack on an army base using a remote-controlled toy car packed with explosives which they planned to drive under the gates. Zahid Iqbal, Mohammed Sharfaraz Ahmed, Umar Arshad and Syed Farhan Hussain, from Luton, north of London, had all pleaded guilty last month to preparing for acts of terrorism.
    (AP, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 18, Guinea security forces arrested the opposition's spokesman and another leader after firing tear gas to disperse protesters who had planned a demonstration against the June 30 date set for upcoming legislative elections.
    (AP, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 18, In Iraq a suicide bombing attack on a Baghdad cafe killed 36 people and wounded dozens. A car bomb exploded, killing three soldiers and wounding five others traveling in an army convoy in Mosul. Hours later, one policeman was killed and three others were wounded when gunmen attacked a security checkpoint in western Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/18/13)(AP, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 18, Irish company ABP Foods, at the center of a scandal in Europe over horsemeat in beef products, said it is leaving the frozen burger market after selling the factory where burgers containing horse DNA were first discovered.
    (Reuters, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 18, In Kenya a masked gunman believed to be a member of an al-Qaida-linked Somalia militant group stormed a hotel near the border with Somalia and opened fire with an assault rifle, killing nine people.
    (AP, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 18, In Nigeria fighting erupted between security forces and Boko Haram extremists in the northeastern fishing town of Baga.
    (Econ, 4/27/13, p.47)
2013        Apr 18, North Korea demanded the lifting of UN sanctions and the end of US-South Korea military drills as conditions for resuming talks meant to defuse tension on the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 18, Former Pakistani military ruler Pervez Musharraf and his bodyguards pushed past policemen and sped away from court in the country's capital to avoid arrest after his bail was revoked in a case accusing him of detaining senior judges while in power.
    (AP, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 18, South Africa said 232 rhino had been illegally killed so far this year, 70% of them in Kruger National Park. Poachers killed 668 rhinos in South Africa in 2012, a 50% increase over the previous year.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 18, Syrian rebels took control of the entire Dabaa military complex  in Homs province. Government forces captured the town of Abel, cutting the road between Homs and Qusair. Gunmen killed Ali Balan, head of public relations at the Ministry of Social Affairs and a member of Syria's relief agency, in a Damascus restaurant. The state-run SANA news agency reported that government troops shot down an air balloon that carried what it described as "American cameras" over the rebel-held town of Maaret al-Numan in Idlib province.
    (AP, 4/18/13)(AP, 4/19/13)(SFC, 4/20/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 18, The United Arab Emirates said that authorities have arrested seven suspected members of terrorist cell linked to al-Qaida that allegedly planned to carry out operations in the country and the region.
    (AP, 4/18/13)
2013        Apr 18, Venezuelan  officials, in a surprise announcement, said they will accept an audit of the disputed vote that handed a narrow margin of victory to the heir of late President Hugo Chavez.
    (AP, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 18, Yemenis in a symbolic move began to dismantle protest tent camp in the capital, Sanaa, and other cities across the country, declaring the end of their revolution.
    (AP, 4/18/13)

2014        Apr 18, President Barack Obama signed into law a bill designed to bar Iran's pick for UN ambassador from US soil over his links to the 1979 American embassy hostage siege. But Obama also issued a statement saying that he would only regard the legislation as guidance, warning it could infringe upon his executive powers as president.
    (AFP, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 18, The US federal government said farms stricken with a deadly pig virus must report outbreaks as part of a new program to help monitor and possibly control the disease. Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED), believed to have come from China, has killed millions of pigs in 27 states since it began showing up in the US last May.
    (SFC, 4/19/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 18, A Chinese court sentenced four anti-corruption protestors to between two and three-and-a-half years in jail over their role in small-scale demonstrations, furthering a crackdown on rights activists. The four were associated with the New Citizens Movement, a loose network whose members held peaceful protests in Beijing last year.
    (AFP, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 18, An Egyptian police officer was killed when a bomb targeting a traffic police kiosk in Cairo exploded.
    (AFP, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 18, Off eastern Indonesia a boat loaded with people in a Good Friday procession capsized in high waves, leaving dozens of people missing and at least 7 dead.
    (AP, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 18, In Iraq a bomb planted on a street full of shoppers in Baghdad killed 3 people and wounded five.
    (AP, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 18, An avalanche swept down a slope of Mount Everest killing 13 Nepali mountaineering guides at the beginning of the main climbing season. Three people remained missing.
    (Reuters, 4/18/14)(AP, 4/19/14)
2014        Apr 18, In Northern Ireland gunmen escorted Tommy Crossan (43), a senior Irish Republican Army hard-liner, to a fuel depot and shot him in the head and body at close range. Residents said a Catholic priest was called to give him the last rites. Police soon arrested a man for questioning about the killing.
    (AP, 4/19/14)
2014        Apr 18, In the Philippines a Danish man joined eight Filipinos in re-enacting the death of Jesus Christ by being nailed to crosses in a bloody annual Easter spectacle before some 40 thousand onlookers.
    (AFP, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 18, In South Africa a rhino was found killed in the Dinokeng Game Reserve with a single bullet from a high-powered rifle. Poachers cut off its horns in the first such incident since the reserve officially opened in 2011. About 300 have been killed so far this year in South Africa.
    (AP, 5/2/14)
2014        Apr 18, South Korean prosecutors sought arrest warrants for the captain, and two crew members of the ferry that capsized two days before with hundreds of children on board. Lee Joon-Seok and most of his 28 crew managed to escape the ferry.
    (AFP, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 18, Spanish art dealer Jose Carlos Bergantinos Diaz, who is wanted for fraud in the United States, was arrested at a luxury hotel in Seville. His partner, Glafira Rosales, was arraigned in New York in August, accused of peddling counterfeit art for 15 years as undiscovered works by world-renowned artists.
    (AP, 4/20/14)
2014        Apr 18, In Sudan the Darfur Justice and Equality Movement attacked the Kunar oil field, operated by the Sudanese Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company in the West Kordofan State, abducting three engineers, two of them Chinese and one Sudanese. On May 2 Xinhua media service said the two Chinese engineers have been released.
    (Reuters, 5/4/14)
2014        Apr 18, In Syria a bomb went off in front of a mosque on the edge of Akrama and killed 14 people. Hundreds of rebel fighters and civilians remain trapped in the ancient quarter of Homs, surrounded by government forces and pro-Assad militia. In Aleppo at least 10 people were killed in shelling and aerial bombardment of rebel-held areas.
    (Reuters, 4/18/14)(AFP, 4/19/14)(SFC, 4/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 18, In eastern Ukraine pro-Russian insurgents who have occupied government buildings in more than 10 cities said they will not leave them until the country's interim government resigns.
    (AP, 4/18/14)
2014        Apr 18, In Vietnam a Chinese man who was being repatriated from Vietnam along with 15 other migrants seized a gun from a border guard, triggering a gunfight and standoff in which five Chinese and two Vietnamese guards died.
    (AP, 4/18/14)

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