Today in History - April 19

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843        Apr 19, Judith, French empress, 2nd wife of Louis de Vrome, died.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1524        Apr 19, Pope Clemens VII fired the Netherlands inquisitor-general French Van de Holly.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1529        Apr 19, The 2nd Parliament of Speyer banned Lutheranism. At the Diet of Speyer the Lutheran minority protested against restrictions on their teachings and were called "Protestant" for the first time.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speyer)

1539        Apr 19, Emperor Charles V reached a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1587        Apr 19, Sir Frances Drake sailed into Cadiz, Spain, and sank the Spanish fleet.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1600        Apr 19, The Dutch ship Liefde, piloted by Will Adams, reached Japan with a crew of 24 men. 6 of the crew soon died. 4 other ships in the expedition were lost.
    (ON, 11/02, p.8)

1666        Apr 19, Sarah Kembel Knight, diarist, was born.
    (HN, 4/1901)

1689        Apr 19, Residents of Boston ousted their governor, Edmond Andros.
    (HN, 4/19/97)
1689        Apr 19, Christina (b.1626), Queen of Sweden (1644-54), died. In 2004 Veronica Buckley authored “Christina: Queen of Sweden."
    (www.sweden.se)(WSJ, 10/29/04, p.W10)

1721        Apr 19, Roger Sherman, signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1763        Apr 19, Teedyuscung, a Lenape Indian, burned to death while sleeping in his cabin in the Wyoming Valley, Pa. The fire destroyed the whole Indian village. A few days later settlers from Connecticut arrived to resume their construction of a town.
    (ON, 1/03, p.6)

1764        Apr 19, The English Parliament banned the American colonies from printing paper money.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1768        Apr 19, Canaletto (b.1697), Venetian printmaker and landscape painter, died.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.101)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canaletto)

1770        Apr 19, Capt. James Cook first saw Australia. [see Apr 9]
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1774        Apr 19, Gluck's opera "Iphigenia in Aulis," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1775        Apr 19, Alerted by Paul Revere the American Revolutionary War began at Lexington Common with the Battle of Lexington-Concord. Capt. John Parker mustered 78 militiamen on the town green of Lexington to send a warning to the 700 British soldiers marching to Concord to seize weapons and gunpowder. Maj. Gen. Thomas Gage sent a force of 700 British troops to Concord, west of Boston, to capture colonial weapons and arrest Patriot leaders Samuel Adams and John Hancock. Arriving at Lexington on their way to Concord, the British were met on the town common by about 70 Minutemen. The “shot heard ‘round the world" ignited the American Revolutionary War. No one knows who fired the first shot, but when the smoke cleared, eight Americans lay dead. The British suffered more than 250 casualties as they opposed more than 1,500 Massachusetts men. The events are documented in the 1997 book “Liberty by Thomas Fleming." Isaac Davis was among the first to die at Lexington and Concord.
    (HFA, '96, p.28)(V.D.-H.K.p.224)(AP, 4/19/97)(SFEC,11/23/97, Par p.14)(HN, 4/19/97)(HNPD, 4/19/99)(HNQ, 10/17/00)

1782        Apr 19, Netherlands recognized the United States.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1794        Apr 19, Tadeusz Kosciusko forced Russians out of Warsaw.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1798        Apr 19, Franz Joseph Glaser, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1802        Apr 19, Spain reopened the New Orleans port to American merchants.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1813        Apr 19, Benjamin Rush (67), physician, revolutionary (signed Declaration of Independence), died.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1819        Apr 19, The USS Alabama and Louisiana destroyed a pirate base at the Patterson's Town Raid on Breton Island, Louisiana.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_of_31_August_1819)

1824        Apr 19, George Gordon, (6th Baron Byron, b.1788) aka Lord Byron, English poet, died of malaria in Greece at Missolonghi on the gulf of Patras preparing to fight for Greek independence. In 1999 Benita Eisler published the biography "Byron: Child of Passion, Fool of Fame." In 2002 Fiona MacCarthy authored "Byron: Life and Legend." In 2009 Edna O’Brien authored “Byron in Love."
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.D3)(WSJ, 4/26/99, p.A16)(HN, 4/1901)(SSFC, 12/29/02, p.M2)(SSFC, 6/21/09, Books p.J5)

1832        Apr 19, Lucretia Rudolph, President Garfield's first lady, was born.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1861        Apr 19, President Lincoln ordered the blockade of Confederate ports.
    (http://history.state.gov/milestones/1861-1865/Blockade)
1861        Apr 19, Baltimore riots resulted in four Union soldiers, 9 civilians killed. The 6th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiment, the first Union troops to pass through pro-secessionist Baltimore, Md., entered Baltimore expecting trouble. As they marched through the streets on their way to the defense of Washington, D.C., the troops were attacked by rock-throwing rioters bearing Confederate flags. Four soldiers and nine civilians were killed in the daylong melee.
    (HN, 4/19/97)(HNPD, 4/23/99)

1862        Apr 19, Simon Fraser, Canadian explorer, died.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1864        Apr 19, Naval Engagement at Cherbourg, France: USS Kearsarge vs. CSS Alabama. [see Jun 19]
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1868         Apr 19, Paul P. Harris, founder of the Rotary Club, was born in Racine, Wisconsin.
    (www.rotary.org/en/AboutUs/History/paulharris/Pages/Timeline.aspx)

1877        Apr 19, Ole Evinrude, inventor of the outboard marine engine, was born.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1880        Apr 19, The Times war correspondent telephoned a report of the battle of Ahmed Khel, the first time news was sent from a field of battle in this manner.
    (HN, 4/19/99)

1881        Apr 19, Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British PM (1868, 1874-1880), novelist, died.
    (WUD, 1994 p.415)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Disraeli)

1892        Apr 19, The prototype of the first commercially successful American automobile was completed in Springfield, Mass., by Charles E. Duryea and his brother Frank.
    (AP, 4/19/97)
1882        Apr 19, Charles R. Darwin (b.1809), English naturalist (Origin of Species), died at Downe, England, at age 73. In 1995 Janet Browne authored “Voyaging" the 1st of her 3-part biography. In 2002 her 2nd volume “The Power of Place" was published.
    (MC, 4/19/02)(WBO, 2002)(FT, 12/14/02, p.IV)

1893        Apr 19, The Oscar Wilde play "A Woman of No Importance" opened at the Haymarket Theatre in London.
    (WSJ, 9/16/98, p.A20)(AP, 4/19/03)

1894        Apr 19, Jules Massenet's opera "Werther," premiered in NYC.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1897        Apr 19, 1st performance of Debussy's "Pelleas et Melisande."
    (MC, 4/19/02)
1897        Apr 19, The first Boston Marathon was run from Ashland, Mass., to Boston. Winner John J. McDermott ran the course in 2 hours, 55 minutes and 10 seconds.
    (AP, 4/19/97)

1898        Apr 19, Congress passed a resolution recognizing Cuban independence and demanding that Spain relinquish authority over Cuba. President McKinley was also authorized to use military force to put the resolution into effect.
    (AP, 4/19/97)

1900        Apr 19, Richard Hughes, English novelist and playwright (A High Wind in Jamaica), was born.
    (HN, 4/1901)

1903        Apr 19, Eliot Ness, Treasury agent, was born. He fought for prohibition in Chicago, Ill.
    (HN, 4/19/99)

1904        Apr 19, Much of Toronto was destroyed by fire.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1905        Apr 19, Tom Hopkinson, British writer, was born.
    (HN, 4/1901)

1906        Apr 19, Pierre Curie, French physicist, chemist (Nobel 1903), died. Curie, was hit by a truck and killed as he crossed a street in Paris.
    (ON, 3/00, p.2)(MC, 4/19/02)

1909        Apr 19, The new Orpheum Theater opened in San Francisco, Ca.
    (SSFC, 3/8/09, DB p.45)
1909        Apr 19, In Persia Howard Baskerville (b.1885), an American Presbyterian preacher, was shot dead while trying to break the siege of Tabriz as a defender of the new Iranian constitution.
    (Econ, 7/17/10, p.87)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howard_Baskerville)

1910        Apr 19, After weeks of being viewed through telescopes, Halley's Comet was reported visible to the naked eye in Curacao.
    (AP, 4/19/00)

1912        Apr 19, Glenn T. Seaborg, first head of Atomic Energy Commission, was born. He won a Nobel Prize in 1951 for co-discovering Plutonium.
    (HN, 4/19/97)(MC, 4/19/02)

1913        Apr 19, California passed the Webb Bill, excluding Japanese from owning land. It was signed into law on May 19, 1913.
    (HN, 4/19/97)
1913        Apr 19, San Francisco’s Chinatown was put under a partial blockade following the killing of Lem Foon by Bing Kong tong highbinders. The blockade was the 2nd of its kind in as many years.
    (SSFC, 4/14/13, p.46)

1914        Apr 19, Charles Sanders Peirce (b.1839), American polymath, philosopher and scientist, died in Milford, Pa. In 1883 he used randomization in a psychological experiment at Johns Hopkins Univ.
    (www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Charles_Peirce)(Econ, 5/5/12, p.17)

1922        Apr 19, Erich Hartmann, German WW II pilot who later downed 352 Russian aircrafts, was born.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1924        Apr 19, The "National Barn Dance" premiered on WLS in Chicago.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1925        Apr 19, Hugh O'Brian, [Krampke], actor (Wyatt Earp), was born in Rochester, NY.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1927        Apr 19, Rudolf Friml's "Vagabond King" opened in London.
    (MC, 4/19/02)
1927        Apr 19, In China, Hankow communists declared war on Chaing Kai-shek.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1933        Apr 19, Etheridge Knight, poet, was born.
    (HN, 4/1901)
1933        Apr 19, The United States went off the gold standard by presidential proclamation. FDR tied this with orders that 445,000 newly minted gold $20 “Double Eagle" coins be destroyed. Ten coins escaped and one was scheduled for auction in 2002. The coin fetched $7.59 million. [see Jun 5]
    (TMC, 1994, p.1933)(PCh, 1992, p.819)(AP, 4/19/97)(SSFC, 3/29/02, Par p.6)(SFC, 7/31/02, p.A2)

1934        Apr 19, Shirley Temple appeared in her first movie.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1935        Apr 19, Dudley Moore (d.2002), film actor, comedian and musician, was born in Dagenham, East London.
    (SFC, 3/28/02, p.A15)

1936        Apr 19, Clarence Darrow. Lawyer and social reformer Clarence Darrow voiced the opinion that “There is no such thing as justice—in or out of court" in an interview for the New York Times.
    (HNQ, 6/27/00)
1936        Apr 19, Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Jaffa, Palestine.
    (www.palestinefacts.org/pf_mandate_riots_1936-39.php)(http://tinyurl.com/j93pg)

1938        Apr 19, General Francisco Franco declared victory in the Spanish Civil War.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1939        Apr 19, Connecticut finally approved Bill of Rights.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1941        Apr 19, Michel Roux, chef de cuisine, was born.
    (MC, 4/19/02)
1941        Apr 19, B. Brecht's 1939 play "Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder (Mother Courage and her Children)," premiered in Zurich.
    (www.theatre.ubc.ca/mother_courage/subject.shtml)

1943        Apr 19, Willy Graf, Kurt Huber and Alexander Schmorell, German resistance fighters, were beheaded.
    (MC, 4/19/02)
1943        Apr 19, In Warsaw, Poland, young Jews under Mordechai Anielewicz directed the 1st urban uprising against the Nazis. During World War II, tens of thousands of Jews living in the Warsaw Ghetto began a valiant but futile battle against Nazi forces. SS-Gen Jurgen Stroop led the destruction of the ghetto of Warsaw: "The Warsaw Ghetto is no more!" he wrote proudly to Heinrich Himmler and Adolf Hitler. Stroop was hanged on the site of the Warsaw ghetto after the war. Jacek Zlatka (Jack Eisner, 1925-2003) smuggled arms for the revolt. Eisner made a fortune in the import-export business after the war and in 1980 authored the autobiography "The Survivor."
    (SFEC, 3/2/97, p.T11)(AP, 4/19/97)(HN, 4/19/97)(MC, 4/19/02)(SSFC, 8/31/03, p.A29)
1943        Apr 19, Swiss chemist Albert Hoffman, following up on an experiment on April 16, deliberately ingested .25 milligrams of LSD and soon began to feel its effects. Hallucinations continued on his bicycle ride home and lasted for some 6 hours.
    (SFC, 5/9/96, p.A-1)(Econ, 5/10/08, p.98)
1943        Apr 19-1943 Apr 20, Lance Sgt. Haane Manahi (d.1987) of New Zealand performed gallant actions against overwhelming odds in the bloody battle for Takrouna, a fortified citadel in Tunisia, North Africa. In 2007 the Maori trooper was posthumously honored he 64 years after he was denied a top gallantry award despite a commendation signed by four commanding generals.
    (AP, 3/17/07)(www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/name-004807.html)

1945        Apr 19, The Rodgers and Hammerstein adopted Ferenc Molnar’s “Lilliom" and produced the musical “Carousel" on Broadway.
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, DB p.40)(AP, 4/19/97)
1945        Apr 19, US aircraft carrier Franklin was heavily damaged in Japanese air raid.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1946        Apr 19, Tim Curry, actor (Rocky Horror Show), was born in Cheshire, England.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1947        Apr 19, Murray Perahia, pianist (Avery Fischer Prize-1975, Grammy 1988), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1949        Apr 19, Paloma Picasso, [Gilot], actress (Immoral Tales), was born Paris, France.
    (MC, 4/19/02)
1949        Apr 19, The Foreign Assistance Act authorized $5.43 billion for the European Recovery Program.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1207)
1949        Apr 19, The Amethyst Affair began when the British frigate Amethyst came under fire from Communist Chinese artillery and ran aground in the Yangtze River. A tense, 103-day standoff followed until the frigate made a daring escape on July 30. The Amethyst lost 22 men killed and 31 wounded in the ordeal. Rescue attempts by the Royal Navy resulted in another 23 British sailors killed.
    (HNQ, 2/5/99)

1951        Apr 19, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, relieved of his command by President Truman, bid farewell to Congress, quoting a line from a ballad: "Old soldiers never die; they just fade away."
    (AP, 4/19/97)

1956        Apr 19, In southern England Cdr. Lionel "Buster" Crabb, a decorated Royal Navy veteran, disappeared while diving near Portsmouth. Secret documents released in 2006 showed that British authorities lied to cover up the fate of a Crabb, who died during a scuba diving spy mission near a warship used by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.78)(AP, 10/27/06)
1956        Apr 19, In Spain 12 people died and about 70 were injured following earthquakes in the southern Granada region.
    (AP, 5/12/11)(www.iberianature.com/material/earthquake.htm)

1957        Apr 19, Charles Funk (76), Encyclopedist (Funk & Wagnall’s), died.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1958        Apr 19, The last Key System train left Oakland for SF. Ferry service from the Ferry Building ended the next day when the Southern Pacific "Eureka" made its last crossing from SF to Oakland.
    (SFC, 8/10/98, p.A5)(SFC, 9/4/98, p.A25)(SFC, 8/7/07, p.A6)(SFC, 4/18/08, p.B1)

1960        Apr 19, Baseball uniforms began displaying player's names on their backs.
    (HN, 4/19/97)

1961        Apr 19, Cuba’s air force by this time shot down 9 of the invader’s 16 aircraft and US invaders, with ad death toll of 114, began to surrender. Subsequently 36 died in Cuban prisons. Many survivors were released between 1962 and 1965 after private donors paid $53 million in food and medicine for Cuba.
    (AH, 4/07, p.18)
1961        Apr 19, Howard Anderson was executed in Cuba after being convicted of arms smuggling to anti-Communist rebels.
    (WSJ, 9/15/06, p.A1)(www.cubanet.org/CNews/y02/jan02/09e5.htm)
1961        Apr 19, Cuban forces shot down a B-26 bomber piloted by Captain Thomas Ray north of Larga beach, an area they controlled. Ray was flying the bomber from Nicaragua while on contract to the US CIA. In a 2004 trial in the US, forensics on Ray’s body proved that the cause of his death was a small bullet entry thru the head.
    (WSJ, 9/15/06, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/kzeh2)

1964        Apr 19, There was a rightist coup in Laos. Suvanna Phuma remained premier.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1965        Apr 19, An article in Electronics magazine by Gordon Moore, later Intel Chairman, noted that chips seem to double in power every 18 months. Thus was born Moore's Law. Moore later asserted that his claim was that the number of components that can be packed on a computer chip doubles every 2 years. In 2005 Intel offered $10,000 for a pristine copy of the magazine.
    (SFEC, 12/21/97, p.A2)(SFC, 10/11/00, p.A6)(SFC, 4/12/05, p.A1)(SFC, 4/18/05, p.E1)
1965        Apr 19, At a cost of $20,000, the outer Houston Astrodome ceiling was painted because of sun's glare. This in turn caused the grass to die.
    (MC, 4/19/02)

1966        Apr 19, Lt. Lee Aaron Adams of Willits, Ca., was killed when his F-105D Thunderchief fighter plane was shot down in North Vietnam. His remains were returned home in 2005. During 1966 the US Air Force lost 126 Thunderchiefs.
    (SFC, 6/2/05, p.A1)

1967        Apr 19, Katherine Switzer (b.1947) ran in the Boston Marathon registered under the name K. Switzer. Up to this time women were not allowed to register for the race.
    (SFC, 2/22/13, p.E6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kathrine_Switzer)
1967        Apr 19, Conrad Adenauer (b.1876), West Germany chancellor (1949-63), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konrad_Adenauer)

1968        Apr 19, Ralph S. Plaisted (1927- 2008), insurance salesman turned explorer, reached the North Pole by snowmobile with 3 other men. This was the first expedition to indisputably reach the North Pole.
    (SFC, 9/11/08, p.B4)
1968        Apr 19, The Secretary of the National Assembly in Czechoslovakia promised rehabilitation of political prisoners and freedom of the press, assembly and religion.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)
1968        Apr 19, Makhosetive, later King Mswati III of Swaziland, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mswati_III_of_Swaziland)

1969        Apr 19, In Ithaca N.Y. some 80 armed, militant black students at Cornell Univ. took over Willard Straight Hall. They demanded a black studies program and cut a deal with frightened administrators for total amnesty. In 1999 Donald Alexander Downs described the events in his book: "Cornell '69."
    (WSJ, 5/20/99, p.A18)

1971        Apr 19, Charles Manson and 3 accomplices were sentenced to death for the Sharon Tate murders.
    (www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/manson/23.html)
1971        Apr 19, The Soviet Union launched Salyut 1, the world’s first space station into orbit.
    (HN, 4/19/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salyut_1)

1972        Apr 19, The Broadway production Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" opened at the Playhouse Theatre, where it ran for two months before transferring to the Edison. It had a total run of 1065 performances. The cast included Grant, Alex Bradford, and Hope Clarke.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don't_Bother_Me,_I_Can't_Cope)

1975        Apr 19, India announced it had launched its 1st satellite, from the Soviet Union atop a Soviet rocket.
    (AP, 4/19/05)

1977        Apr 19, Alex Haley received a special Pulitzer Prize for his book "Roots."
    (HN, 4/19/99) 

1982        Apr 19, Astronauts Sally K. Ride and Guion S. Bluford Jr. became the first woman and first African-American to be tapped by NASA for U.S. space missions.
    (AP, 4/19/97)(HN, 4/19/97)

1987        Apr 19, The last free-flying condor in California, a 19-pound, 7-year-old male, was captured. He was released in 2002.
    (SFC, 3/3/00, p.A21)(SFC, 5/2/02, p.A6)
1987        Apr 19, Maxwell D. Taylor (85), US commander 101st airborne (WW II), died.
    (www.arlingtoncemetery.net/mdtaylor.htm)
1987        Apr 19, Argentina’s President Raul Alfonsin obtained the surrender of dozens of armed rebel soldiers who had been holed up at a military base for three days.
    (AP, 4/19/97)
1987        Apr 19, Antony Tudor (b.1909), dancer, British choreographer (American Ballet Theater) died.
    (www.cmi.univ-mrs.fr/~esouche/dance/Tudor.html)

1988        Apr 19, Republican George Bush and Democrat Michael Dukakis handily won the New York presidential primaries.
    (AP, 4/19/97)
1988        Apr 19, Sarah LaChapelle (56) was found murdered at her home in East Oakland. Gregory Tate (21) was arrested later that day in LaChapelle's stolen Oldsmobile Cutlass. He was convicted in 1992 for her murder and in 1993 was sentenced to death. He had cut off a finger to steal LaChapelle’s wedding and engagement rings. In 2010 the California Supreme Court upheld Tate’s sentence.
    (http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/local/east_bay&id=7544217)

1989        Apr 19, A jogger was raped and beaten in Central Park. 5 black and Latino youths (14-16) were soon arrested and convicted. In 2002 DNA evidence identified Matias Reyes (31) as the rapist. A judge then overturned the original convictions. 3,254 other rapes were reported in the park in 1989. In 2003 Trisha Meili identified herself as the victim in her book “I Am the Central Park Jogger." In 2014 the five men initially convicted agreed to settle their civil rights lawsuit for about $40 million.
    (NG, 5/93, p.16)(SFC, 9/6/02, p.A3)(SFC, 11/21/09, p.A7)(SFC, 6/20/14, p.A11)
1989        Apr 19, The battleship USS Iowa's number 2 turret exploded while on maneuvers northeast of Puerto Rico. 47 sailors were killed and a $4 million investigation was launched. The Navy attempted to lay the blame on Clayton Hartwig, a seaman described as gay soldier disappointed in a gay affair. In 1999 Charles C. Thompson II published "A Glimpse of Hell: The Explosion of the USS Iowa and Its Cover-Up."
    (AP, 4/19/97)(SFEC, 6/13/99, BR p.1,8)(HN, 4/19/00)
1989        Apr 19, Daphne Du Maurier (82), English writer (Rebecca, Jamaica Inn), died.
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/dumaurie.htm)
1989        Apr 19, Adnan Khashoggi, a Saudi financier, was arrested in Switzerland at the request of the US Government, which is seeking his extradition to New York to stand trial on charges of racketeering, fraud and obstruction of justice. He faced charges stemming from ''illegal property dealings'' on behalf of Ferdinand E. Marcos, the ousted President of the Philippines, and his wife, Imelda. In 1992 Khashoggi and Imelda Marcos were found not guilty of racketeering by a jury in Manhattan.
    (http://tinyurl.com/qp8da)(www.maykuth.com/Archives/marcos90.htm)

1990        Apr 19, Nicaragua's nine-year-old civil war appeared near an end as Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas and the incoming government agreed to a truce and a deadline for the rebels to disarm.
    (AP, 4/19/00)

1991        Apr 19, Evander Holyfield won a unanimous decision over George Foreman to retain boxing’s heavyweight title in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
    (AP, 4/19/01)
1991        Apr 19, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in South Korea for talks with President Roh Tae-woo.
    (AP, 4/19/01)

1992        Apr 19, After six days, engineers plugged the tunnel leak under the Chicago River that caused an underground flood that had virtually shut down business in the heart of the city.
    (AP, 4/19/97)

1993        Apr 19, The 51-day siege at the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, ended as fire destroyed the structure after federal agents began smashing their way in; dozens of people, including leader David Koresh (Vernon Howell), were killed. In 1999 the FBI admitted that it used incendiary tear gas canisters but still maintained that it did not start the fire. An undisclosed tape recording of the assault was also disclosed in 1999.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1993)(AP, 4/19/97)(SFC, 8/25/99, p.A3)(SFC, 9/2/99, p.A30)
1993        Apr 19, South Dakota Gov. George S. Mickelson (52) died in an Iowa plane crash.
    (AP, 4/19/97)

1994        Apr 19, A Los Angeles jury awarded $3.8 million to beaten motorist Rodney King.
    (AP, 4/19/99)
1994        Apr 19, The US Supreme Court outlawed the practice of excluding people from juries because of their gender.
    (AP, 4/19/99)

1995        Apr 19, At 9:02 A.M. Oklahoma City, USA, a large car bomb exploded at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building killing 168 people, and injuring 500 including many children in the building’s day care center. Within a week a suspect, Timothy McVeigh, was caught and charged. Two suspects, Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, faced trial. McVeigh was arrested during a routine traffic stop 78 miles from Oklahoma City on weapons charges the same day. Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, were later convicted of charges related to the bombing. Michael Fortier, a key government witness and friend of Nichols and McVeigh, was sentenced to 12 years in prison in 1998 for failing to warn authorities, lying to the FBI, transporting stolen weapons and conspiring to fence stolen weapons. In 1999 Fortier's sentence was overturned and a more lenient sentence was ordered under manslaughter guidelines. In Oct a new 12-year sentence was issued. McVeigh was later convicted of federal murder charges and executed.
    (NPR, 4/19/95)(SFC, 4/29/97, p.A2)(SFC, 5/28/98, p.A3)(SFC, 7/1/99, p.A3)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A7)(AP, 4/19/06)
1995        Apr 19, J. Peter Grace Jr. (81), CEO (W R Grace), died.
    (www.sec.gov/litigation/investreport/34-39157.txt)
1995         Apr 19, In Spain a failed ETA car-bomb attempted to kill conservative opposition leader and future Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar.
    (AP, 3/22/06)
1995        Apr 19, In Sri Lanka the Tigers broke the truce and blew up 2 navy boats and killed 12 sailors in the port of Trincomalee.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1996        Apr 19, On the first anniversary of the Oklahoma City bombing, hundreds of mourners paused for 168 seconds of silence at the site where the federal building once stood.
    (AP, 4/19/97)
1996        Apr 19, President Clinton, visiting Russia, paid tribute to the hundreds of thousands of Russians who died in the Nazi siege of Leningrad -- and to the victims of the Oklahoma bombing as well.
    (AP, 4/19/97)

1997        Apr 19, In Newton, New Jersey, Giorgio Gallara, a Pizza shop owner, and employee Jeremy Giordano, were killed after being lured to an abandoned house. [see Apr 21]
    (SFC, 12/23/99, p.A9)
1997        Apr 19, In North Dakota the Red River overran sandbags and broke dikes in Grand Forks and floods sent nearly half of the 50,000 population into evacuation. Damages were estimated at over $1.5 billion.
    (AP, 4/19/97)(SFEC, 4/20/97, p.A1)(Econ, 4/4/09, p.39)
1997        Apr 19, The British drought was now two years old and London was the driest it had been in 200 years.
    (SFC, 4/19/97, p.A10)
1997        Apr 19, In Bulgaria the United Democratic Forces (UDF) under Ivan Kostov won elections with 52% of the vote. The former Communist’s renamed Socialist Party won 19%.
    (SFC, 4/21/97, p.A8)
1997        Apr 19, In India Inder Kumar Gujral was chosen to lead the United Front Coalition government. The Tamil Manila Congress withdrew from the coalition.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.A14)
1997        Apr 19, In Spain a Barcelona court found Jose Puignero, factory owner, guilty of illegally dumping chemical dyes into a river in the town of Sant Bartomeu del Grau. This was the first punishment for crimes against the environment ever handed out.
    (SFEC, 4/20/97, p.A17)

1998        Apr 19, Wang Dan, the noted dissident and student leader of Tiananmen Square, arrived in the US after being freed by China and was taken to Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit for medical evaluation.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A8)(AP, 4/19/99)
1998        Apr 19, In Madison, Wi., Salim Amara doused a fellow passenger on a city bus with gasoline and ignited a fire burning himself and others severely.
    (SFC, 4/21/98, p.A9)
1998        Apr 19, A small plane crashed on the west side of Detroit. It was reported to have contained cash and marijuana that neighbors quickly picked up. The pilot was believed to be Douglas C. Dufresne (66) of Florida.
    (SFC, 4/21/98, p.A4)
1998        Apr 19, In Austria Thomas Klestil was re-elected president with 63% of the vote.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A10)
1998        Apr 19, In Bhutan a fire destroyed the Taktsang Monastery, that dated back in some form to the 9th century.
    (SFC, 4/22/98, p.A9)
1998        Apr 19, In Chile leaders of the 34 Western Hemisphere democracies at the second Summit of the Americas agreed on a free-trade zone to be created by 2005. The first summit met in Miami in 1994.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Apr 19, An Israeli settler was shot and killed and three others, including a Palestinian man, were wounded. Dov Dribben (28) of Maon was killed when settlers tried to force a group of Bedouin shepherds off a contested piece of land.
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A9)
1998        Apr 19, In Japan Pres. Yeltsin held a summit with Prime Minister Ryutaro Hasimoto at the Kawana resort. Yeltsin promised to hand over KGB documents of interrogations of captured Japanese generals from WW II.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, p.A14)
1998        Apr 19, In Mexico Octavio Paz (84), poet and essayist, died of cancer. His work included “The Labyrinth of Solitude" and the poem “Sun Stone."
    (SFC, 4/20/98, p.A17)(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A12)
1998        Apr 19, In Nigeria police shot dead at least 3 Shiite Muslims, supporters of Ibrahim El-Zak Zaky, and wounded many more in Kaduna in clashes over 2 days.
    (SFC, 4/21/98, p.A13)

1998        Apr 19-20, In Arizona grasshoppers by the millions descended on communities along the lower Colorado River.
    (SFC, 4/21/98, p.A3)

1999        Apr 19, The 103rd Boston Marathon was won by Joseph Chebet of Kenya in 2h:9m:52s. Fatuma Roba of Ethiopia won the women's category in 2:23:25.
    (WSJ, 4/20/99, A1)(AP, 4/19/00)
1999        Apr 19, The US Supreme Court ruled that a federal law aimed at limiting e-mail smut does not violate free-speech rights.
    (AP, 4/19/00)
1999        Apr 19, The annual Goldman Environmental Prize went to: Ka Hsaw Wa of Burma for reporting on the plight of indigenous people and environmental abuses on a gas pipeline across Thailand and Burma; Bernard Martin, a Canadian fisherman, for his work opposing large factory trawlers; Jacqui Katona and Yvonne Margarula, Australian aboriginal women, who have led a fight against the mining of a uranium deposit by Kakadu National Park on lands owned by the Mirrar people; Samuel Nguiffo, a Cameroon lawyer, for his work in protecting rain forests and opposition to the slaughter of chimpanzees and other rare wildlife; Jorge Varela, a Honduran conservationist, for fighting the destructive shrimp farming practices in the Gulf of Fonseca; and Michal Kravcik, a Slovakian hydrologist, who successfully fought a government plan to dam the Upper Torysa River in 1996.
    (SFC, 4/19/99, p.A2)
1999        Apr 19, In Florida the Everglades fire charred had 130,000 acres and continued to rage.
    (SFC, 4/20/99, p.A3)
1999        Apr 19, In Canada a Toronto transit strike forced 800,000 commuters to seek alternate transportation.
    (WSJ, 4/20/99, A1)
1999        Apr 19, In the Congo Kabila in 1997 set this date for presidential and legislative elections.
    (SFC, 5/30/97, p.A15)
1999        Apr 19, The German parliament inaugurated its new home in the restored Reichstag in Berlin, its prewar capital.
    (AP, 4/19/00)
1999        Apr 19, India and Bangladesh border guards had a shootout that left 6 people dead and 60 wounded.
    (WSJ, 4/20/99, A1)
1999        Apr 19, In Hallac, Kosovo, 20 Albanian men were killed by Serb paramilitaries. 11 were shot in a vacant lot and 9 were killed in their homes. They were buried in a mass grave and later reburied individually just before NATO forces moved into Kosovo.
    (SFC, 6/14/99, p.A12)
1999        Apr 19, In Puerto Rico two US Marine jets in training dropped bombs over the island of Vieques and missed their targets. One civilian, David Sanes Rodriguez, was killed and 4 people were injured.
    (SFC, 4/20/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/26/99, p.A3)
1999        Apr 19, Yugoslav authorities shut down the Morini border crossing to Albania. NATO bombing continued and a Serb government headquarters building in Novi Sad was badly damaged. An estimated 500,000 to 850,000 ethnic Albanians remained were still inside Kosovo.
    (SFC, 4/20/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/20/99, A1)

2000        Apr 19, President Clinton knelt among 168 empty chairs memorializing each victim of the Oklahoma City bombing and declared the site “sacred ground" in the soul of America during a fifth-anniversary dedication ceremony.
    (AP, 4/19/01)
2000        Apr 19, The new Oprah Winfrey magazine “O" hit the newsstands.
    (WSJ, 4/20/00, p.A24)
2000        Apr 19, In Arizona Richard Glassel killed 2 women and injured 4 others in a retirement community in Peoria.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A10)(WSJ, 4/20/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 19, In Tennessee Robert Glen Coe, convicted for the 1979 murder and rape of Cary Ann Medlin (8), was executed by injection. This was the state’s first execution in 40 years.
    (SFC, 10/12/99, p.A3)(SFC, 3/24/00, p.A5)(SFC, 4/20/00, p.A4)
2000        Apr 19, In the Brittany region of France a bomb exploded in a McDonald’s restaurant in Dinan and one worker was killed.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A18)
2000        Apr 19, In southern Congo 6 Rwandan army officers and 4 Russian crew members were killed when their Antonov-8 aircraft crashed on takeoff at Pepa.
    (SFC, 4/21/00, p.A20)(WSJ, 4/21/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 19, In Israel 13 Lebanese prisoners, held as bargaining chips for an Israeli airman, were released.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A14)
2000        Apr 19, In Nigeria dozens of boat passengers were missing and feared dead after a boat carrying as many as 500 villagers sank on the Nembe River.
    (SFC, 4/21/00, p.A20)
2000        Apr 19, An Air Philippines Boeing 737-200 jet crashed and all 131 people aboard were killed on Samal Island following an attempted landing at Davao City. It was the worst air crash in Philippine history
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A1)(AP, 4/19/01)
2000        Apr 19, In Somalia over 110 people died over the last 2 days from an outbreak of cholera. 70 dead were in the Ufatest commune and 40 in the village of Bulo Addey.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.C4)
2000        Apr 19, In Sri Lanka the Defense Ministry reported 12 soldiers dead from fighting over the causeway linking Jaffna to the mainland. Rebels reported 100 soldiers killed and 26 rebels dead.
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.C4)

2001        Apr 19, The musical "The Producers" opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 4/19/02)
2001        Apr 19, US and Chinese negotiators failed to reach any agreement over the US spy plane. The Chinese showed video images from flights last year and the US presented a written proposal for the return of the plane.
    (SFC, 4/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Apr 19, Pharmaceutical giants dropped a lawsuit against a South African law that could provide cheaper, generic AIDS drugs to millions of Africans, ending an international battle over patent rights and profit.
    (AP, 4/19/02)
2001        Apr 19, The space shuttle Endeavour went into orbit with 7 astronauts on an 11-day mission to install a billion-dollar robot arm on the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 4/20/01, p.A6)
2001        Apr 19, Former New Hampshire Gov. Meldrim Thomson died at his home in Orford at age 89.
    (AP, 4/19/02)
2001        Apr 19, Thousands of protesters gathered in Quebec City to oppose the Summit of the Americas and plans for a hemispheric free trade zone.
    (SFC, 4/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Apr 19, A US cargo ship departed from Jacksonville, Fla., for Cuba, the 1st scheduled ship in 40 years. 2 days later the ship failed to dock in Cuba.
    (SFC, 4/20/01, p.A13)(WSJ, 4/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 19, Israel removed road blocks to Palestinian travel in the Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 4/20/01, p.A15)
2001        Apr 19, In Mexico there was an execution style slaying of 8 peasants of the Fray Bartolome Alliance in the Chiapas village of Canalucum. [see Jun 25]
    (SFC, 6/26/01, p.C2)
2001        Apr 19, In Kosovo Nato troops broke up Serb roadblocks set up to protest UN tax collections on goods from elsewhere in Yugoslavia.
    (WSJ, 4/20/01, p.A1)

2002        Apr 19, US and British planes bombed Iraqi air defense systems in response to anti-aircraft fire.
    (SFC, 4/20/02, p.A13)
2002        Apr 19, Protesters gathered in Washington DC and rallied against US policies in Latin America ahead of weekend meetings of the IMF and World Bank.
    (SFC, 4/20/02, p.A3)
2002        Apr 19, The space shuttle Atlantis returned to Earth after installing the first girder in what eventually will be a giant framework at the international space station.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2002        Apr 19, Israel announced that “Operation Defensive Shield is over" and their forces completed withdrawal from Jenin. Israeli military reported the capture of Husam Ataf Ali Badran, a Hamas leader, near Nablus. 2 Palestinians were reported killed by Israeli gunfire in Gaza. A suicide bomber blew himself up in central Gaza. 3 Palestinians were reportedly killed by Israeli fire in Gaza. The UN approved a fact-finding mission into Israeli actions at Jenin.
    (SFC, 4/19/02, p.A20)(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A1,14)
2002        Apr 19, In Colombia a Russian-made Antonov jet, used to transfer inmates, crashed near Popayan airport and at least 2 prison officials were killed.
    (SFC, 4/20/02, p.A15)
2002        Apr 19, Congo peace talks broke down over power-sharing.
    (SFC, 4/20/02, p.A13)
2002        Apr 19, In Peru a prep school collapsed in Puno and at least 13 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A17)
2002        Apr 19, In Venezuela a military helicopter crashed in fog-shrouded mountains north of Caracas and 10 people were killed including 4 generals.
    (SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A16)

2003        Apr 19, In northeast Pennsylvania Hadley Bilger (13) was abducted by her uncle after he shot and killed her parents. Bilger was released the next day and Robert Lee Hixson (42) surrendered to police.
    (AP, 4/20/03)(SFC, 4/21/03, p.A3)
2003        Apr 19, US forces captured Abd al-Khaliq Abd al-Ghafar (4 of hearts), Saddam's scientific research minister.
    (AP, 4/21/03)
2003        Apr 19, In Brazil a tourist schooner with 64 people on board sank in a canal east of Rio de Janeiro, killing at least 11 people.
    (Reuters, 4/20/03)
2003        Apr 19, In Burundi a mortar shell apparently fired from rebel positions in the hills northwest of Bujumbura crashed into a house, killing three children and wounding a woman and another child. The latest fighting has forced 50,000 people to flee their homes.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        Apr 19, Cameroon was reported to have banned gorilla, chimpanzee and elephant meat from its restaurants with prison terms and fines up to $16,000 for violations. Extermination of the animals in a decade was feared if hunting was not stopped.
    (SFC, 4/19/03, p.B6)
2003        Apr 19, In Colombian rebels kidnapped eight people on Mucura Island.
    (AP, 4/20/03)
2003        Apr 19, Hong Kong reported 12 SARS patients died in a single day. Malaysia banned workers from Vietnam, which considered sealing its border with China due to the disease.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        Apr 19, India's prime minister acknowledged the government had manipulated elections in Indian-controlled Kashmir and promised residents it would not be repeated.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        Apr 19, Nazeh Darwazeh (45), a cameraman with Associated Press TV News, was killed while covering skirmishes between Israeli soldiers and Palestinians who were throwing rocks and firebombs. He died of a bullet wound to the head and Palestinian witnesses said he was shot by an Israeli soldier.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        Apr 19, The Israeli army killed 5 Palestinians and wounded around 70, many of them civilians, in a raid on the Rafah refugee camp in the Gaza Strip. Near the West Bank city of Qalqilya, soldiers shot dead a Palestinian who threw a petrol bomb at them.
    (Reuters, 4/20/03)
2003        Apr 19, In Nigeria elections Pres. Olusegun Obasanjo, a former military ruler turned civilian statesman, sought a second term against some 20 other candidates. Obasanjo won 62% of 42 million votes. Opponents denounced the elections as fraudulent and claimed serious rigging in 16 of 36 states.
     (AP, 4/21/03)(WSJ, 4/22/03, A1)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.45)
2003        Apr 19, Striking Nigerian oil workers took about 100 foreign workers hostage on several offshore oil installations.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 19, A Pakistani helicopter flying over tribal areas in southern Pakistan came under fire from the ground, injuring three US officials and four Pakistani army personnel.
    (AP, 4/19/03)
2003        cApr 19, In Sierra Leone an international war crimes tribunal indicted Augustine Gbao, a former rebel battlefield commander in the decade-long civil war declared over in 2002. He was the 8th person indicted by the special court.
    (AP, 4/20/03)

2004        Apr 19, In the Boston Marathon Timothy Cherigat of Kenya won for the men at 2:10:37; Catherine Ndereba of Kenya won for the women at 2:24:27.
    (WSJ, 4/20/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 19, Researchers reported in the Annals of Internal Medicine that fairly heavy alcohol consumption appears to moderately increase the risk of cancer in the colon and rectum.
    (Reuters, 4/19/04)
2004        Apr 19, The annual environmental Goldman Prizes were awarded in SF. Winners included Rashida Bee and Champa Devi Shukla of India for their work following the Bhopal catastrophe; Margie Richard of the US for her work following chemical leaks in Norco, Louisiana; Rudolf N. Amenga-Etego of Ghana for his work in suspending a water privatization project; Libia R. Grueso Castelblanco of Colombia for her work in securing territorial rights for rural communities; Manana Kochladze of Georgia for winning concessions to protect villagers and a pristine gorge from an oil pipeline; Demetrio De Carvalho of East Timor for his environmental efforts.
    (SFC, 4/19/04, p.B5)
2004        Apr 19, Jim Cantalupo (60), McDonald's Corp. Chairman and Chief Executive, died of an apparent heart attack in Florida and the company named Chief Operating Officer Charlie Bell to replace him as CEO.
    (AP, 4/19/04)
2004        Apr 19, John Maynard (1920-2004), a leading British evolutionary biologist widely credited with taking the radical step of applying game theory to the subject, died in Lewes, England. His books included "The Theory of Evolution" (1958) and "The Evolution of Sex" (1978).
    (SSFC, 4/25/04, p.B7)(AP, 4/29/04)
2004        Apr 19, Norris McWhirter (78), co-creator of the Guinness Book of Records (1955), died in England of a heart attack.
    (WSJ, 4/21/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 19, In Brazil riot police used tear gas and rubber bullets to eject hundreds of squatters who had seized a vacant building in Sao Paulo to demand the government speed up redistribution of land to the poor.
    (AP, 4/19/04)
2004        Apr 19, Chilean troops prepared to take up posts in central Haiti, extending the peacekeeping presence where as many as 400 rebels still hold sway.
    (AP, 4/19/04)
2004        Apr 19, Honduras President Ricardo Maduro announced the pullout of his 370 troops from Iraq "in the shortest time possible."
    (AP, 4/20/04)(WSJ, 4/20/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 19, In Iraq US officials and local leaders in Fallujah agreed to a number of measures to reduce tensions.
    (SFC, 4/20/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 19, Pierluigi Vigna, Italy's national anti-Mafia prosecutor, said Italian mobsters and Islamic terrorist groups have forged links in arms and drug trafficking.
    (AP, 4/20/04)
2004        Apr 19, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il reportedly held talks with Chinese President Hu Jintao about the North's nuclear arms program and requests for economic aid.
    (AP, 4/19/04)
2004        Apr 19, A Russian rocket roared into space carrying an American, a Russian and a Dutchman to the international space station on the 3rd manned mission since the halt of the US shuttle program.
    (SFC, 4/19/04, p.A5)(AP, 4/19/05)
2004        Apr 19, Saudi police seized 2 explosives packed SUVs on a highway outside Riyadh. It the 3rd day in a row that such a seizure was announced.
    (WSJ, 4/20/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 19, The Uzbek government labeled the activities of George Soros' foundation "undesirable" after the billionaire philanthropist said its office was being forced to close and blasted human rights abuses in this Central Asian nation.
    (AP, 4/19/04)

2005        Apr 19, The US government sacked its one-size-fits-all food pyramid in favor of a dozen different guides geared to individual nutritional needs and lifestyles.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, The US Mint said it will produce its 1st 24-karat gold coin in 2006.
    (WSJ, 4/20/05, p.D2)
2005        Apr 19, General Motors reported a loss of $1.1 billion for the 3 months ending in March, its worst quarterly performance since 1992.
    (Econ, 4/23/05, p.71)
2005        Apr 19, US forces killed more than 12 insurgents in a clash in southeastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/21/05)
2005        Apr 19, Britain's GW Pharmaceuticals announced its multiple sclerosis (MS) pain relief drug Sativex, the world's first containing cannabis, has been approved for use in Canada.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Canada released a federal policy statement that said it will use more soldiers, more foreign aid and more diplomats to carve its own niche in a fast-changing world.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, A car exploded in the southern Russian region of Dagestan, killing two people in what investigators believe was a botched attempt to kill a local prosecutor.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Hours after Ecuador's embattled President Lucio Gutierrez said he would not resign, at least 30,000 people tried to march to the presidential palace in the capital's largest demonstration yet against the country's leadership, demanding that Gutierrez resign.
    (AP, 4/20/05)
2005        Apr 19, Ethiopians welcomed the return of the first piece of a giant, 1,700-year-old granite obelisk that was looted from the African country 68 years ago by Italian troops.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, India and its eastern neighbor Bangladesh traded blame over a weekend border clash that killed an Indian military officer and two Bangladeshi villagers.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, A suicide car bomb outside an Iraqi army recruitment center and other attacks killed a dozen people and wounded more than 50.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, In Kuwait lawmakers agreed to permit women to vote and run in local council elections, although the measure requires more legislative action before it becomes law.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Nepali soldiers killed 22 Maoist guerrillas as the royalist government brushed aside a rebel prediction of a victory in the nine-year civil war.
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Dutch authorities arrested a Chechen citizen in the Netherlands in connection with the November 2 slaying of Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh. A 2nd suspect was arrested May 18 in Tours, France. Both were believed to have ties to a group of Islamic fundamentalists which prosecutors dubbed the Hofstad network.
    (AP, 5/27/05)
2005        Apr 19, A Spanish court convicted Adolfo Scilingo (58), a former Argentine naval officer, of crimes against humanity for throwing 30 naked and drugged prisoners from planes during his country's "dirty war" more than two decades ago. It sentenced him to 640 years in prison. During the trial, Scilingo insisted he fabricated the taped testimony to trigger an investigation into Argentina's "dirty war."
    (AP, 4/19/05)
2005        Apr 19, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (78) of Germany became Pope Benedict XVI. As the 265th pope he promised to enforce strictly conservative policies for the world's Roman Catholics. In Germany Ratzinger's latest book, "Werte in Zeiten des Umbruchs" (Values in Times of Upheaval), was already sold out after its release a week ago. Ratzinger viewed secularism and moral relativism as the chief adversaries of God and the church. After Ratzinger was elected pope, the Holy See's No. 2 official, Cardinal Angelo Sodano, signed a decree assigning "in perpetuity and worldwide" the copyrights of all Benedict's works, including the hundreds he wrote before becoming pope, to the Vatican's publishing house, Libreria Editrice Vaticana (LEV).
    (AP, 4/19/05)(WSJ, 4/20/05, p.A1)(AP, 2/19/06)

2006        Apr 19, White House press secretary Scott McClellan announced his resignation as part of a shake-up of President George W. Bush's senior aides. White House political mastermind Karl Rove surrendered his role as chief policy coordinator.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2006        Apr 19, The US government released the most extensive list yet of the hundreds of detainees who have been held at the Guantanamo Bay prison. Nearly all 558 on the list were labeled enemy combatants, but only a handful of whom have faced formal charges.
    (AP, 4/20/06)
2006        Apr 19, The 2006 US estimated cost of the war in Iraq was put at $94 billion.
    (SFC, 4/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 19, US Immigration agents arrested 7 executives and 1,187 illegal immigrants employed by IFCO Systems, a Netherlands-based manufacturer of crates and pallets, as part of a crackdown on employers of illegal workers.
    (AP, 4/19/06)(SFC, 4/21/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 19, In Croatia workers who have been occupying a tobacco factory in Zagreb for nearly two weeks asked the chief state prosecutor to investigate their claims that the facility was illegally sold to a local tobacco giant.
    (AP, 4/20/06)
2006        Apr 19, Cuba agreed to buy another $30 million in food from Nebraska, strengthening trade relations with the US farm state already selling corn, wheat, soybeans and other products to the communist island.
    (AP, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 19, Ecuador approved revisions to its Hydrocarbons Law to increase state revenue from private crude-oil producers. The changes became effective on April 25.
    (WSJ, 4/21/06, p.A7)(WSJ, 4/26/06, p.A8)
2006        Apr 19, The Egyptian government said it had arrested a group of 22 militant Islamists planning bomb attacks on tourist targets, a gas pipeline near Cairo and Muslim and Christian religious leaders. The statement listed 22 members, led by a 26-year-old humanities student named Ahmed Mohamed Ali Gabr.
    (Reuters, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 19, In Guatemala a mob burned a man and a woman to death after accusing them of several child abductions in the predominantly Mayan town of Sumpango, where residents have long claimed youngsters are snatched and the police do nothing.
    (AP, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 19, Militants broke into two schools in a mainly Shiite district of Baghdad and allegedly killed a school guard in front of students and a teacher as he arrived. The attack occurred at the Amna and Shaheed Hamdi elementary schools in Baghdad's Shaab neighborhood. Police in the neighborhood denied that the attack occurred.
    (AP, 4/19/06)(AP, 4/20/06)
2006        Apr 19, A top Italian court confirmed the slim electoral victory of center-left economist Romano Prodi over Premier Silvio Berlusconi, according to Italian television.
    (AP, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 19, Japan defied South Korean protests and dispatched two ships to begin a maritime survey near disputed islets between the two nations, raising the stakes in the territorial standoff.
    (AP, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 19, In Kyrgyzstan Pres. Bakiyev threatened to expel American troops from the Central Asian nation unless the US agrees to pay more for its military presence.
    (AP, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 19, The Mexican Congress enacted a law that allows journalists to protect the confidentiality of their sources.
    (SFC, 4/20/06, p.A3)
2006        Apr 19, In southeastern Nepal security forces opened fire on thousands of pro-democracy protesters, killing at least 4 and wounding several others.
    (AFP, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 19, Nigerian militants killed two people in a car bomb attack on an army barracks in the southern city of Port Harcourt, extending a four-month onslaught against the world's eighth largest oil exporter.
    (Reuters, 4/20/06)
2006        Apr 19, Hyundai Motor Co. said its chairman and his son will donate $1.1 billion worth of personal assets to the public amid a slush fund scandal engulfing South Korea's largest automaker.
    (AP, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 19, A UN spokesman said Sudan has refused to grant visas for a UN military assessment mission planning a UN peacekeeping operation in Darfur.
    (Reuters, 4/19/06)
2006        Apr 19, In Venezuela a riot erupted at a western prison, leaving 10 inmates dead and one wounded. A day earlier authorities had seized weapons and illegal drugs from gang members in the jail.
    (AP, 4/19/06)

2007        Apr 19, US Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid offered a bleak assessment of Iraq, saying the war was "lost," triggering an angry backlash by Republicans.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2007        Apr 19, One-time CEO Joe Nacchio was found guilty of illegally selling $52 million in stock amid an accounting scandal that nearly sank Qwest Communications. The jury acquitted Nacchio of all 23 insider trading counts involving sales before April 2001 but convicted him on 19 counts tied to sales of 1.33 million shares for $52 million in gross proceeds from April 26 to May 29, 2001.
    (AP, 4/20/07)
2007        Apr 19, Luis Posada Carriles (79), an anti-Castro exile wanted in Cuba for the 1976 bombing of a Cuban airliner, was freed from a New Mexico jail after he posted $250,000 bond and his family put up another $100,000. He must wear an electronic monitoring device while under house arrest at his wife's home in Miami pending his May 11 trial on immigration fraud charges. Posada's immigration case was later thrown out by a federal judge, but the government appealed
    (AP, 4/20/07)(AP, 4/19/08)
2007        Apr 19, A Brooklyn jury convicted Gerald Garson, a former matrimonial court judge, of taking bribes. His arrest in 2003 prompted investigations into judicial corruption.
    (www.cnn.com/2007/LAW/04/20/judge.cigar.ap/index.html)
2007        Apr 19, A jury in Selmer, Tenn., convicted Mary Winkler of voluntary manslaughter in the shooting death of her preacher-husband, Matthew. Winkler spent seven months in custody, with two months served in a mental facility.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2007        Apr 19, The DJIA rose 4.79 to a record 12,808.63. Nasdaq fell 5.15 to 2,505.
    (SFC, 4/20/07, p.D1)
2007        Apr 19, Helen Robson Walton (b.1919), widow of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton, died in Bentonville, Ark. She had pushed for a profit-sharing plan for employees in the Wal-Mart’s early days and demanded that the family live in a small, rural town.
    (WSJ, 4/21/07, p.A6)
2007        Apr 19, British aerospace engine maker Rolls-Royce said that it will withdraw from Sudan, citing "increasing international humanitarian concerns" in the violence-scarred region of Darfur.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, China jailed Huseyin Celil (37), a Uighur-Canadian, for life for separatism and terrorism and warned Canada not to get involved even as Ottawa announced it would send its foreign minister to discuss the case. Celil was detained in Uzbekistan in March 2006 when he was visiting relatives and sent to China last June.
    (Reuters, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, In Cuba the Committee to Protect Journalists denounced the Apr 13 arrest and sentencing of Oscar Sanchez Madan (44), an independent Cuban journalist, who wrote critical articles about dissident groups and the hardships of island life.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, European Union members agreed to new rules to combat racism and hate crimes across the 27-nation bloc, including setting jail sentences against those who deny or trivialize the Holocaust.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, Former Rwandan army major Bernard Ntuyahaga went on trial in Brussels, charged with the murder of 10 Belgian peacekeepers and the Rwandan prime minister in 1994.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, Iranian engineers began filling a new dam as archaeologists warned that its reservoir will flood newly discovered antiquities and could damage Iran's grandest site, the ancient Persian capital of Persepolis.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, A Sunni insurgent coalition posted Web videos naming the head of al-Qaida in Iraq as "minister of war" and showing the execution of 20 men it said were members of the Iraqi military and security forces. A suicide bomber breached Baghdad's heavy security presence, killing at least 12 people and wounded 34 in a mostly Shiite district. A US Marine in a rocket attack on a base south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/19/07)(AP, 4/20/07)
2007        Apr 19, Israeli Knesset speaker Dalia Yitzik arrived in Jordan, the second Israeli official to visit the Arab kingdom this week for talks on ways to revive Israeli-Palestinian peacemaking.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, Kyrgyzstan police used tear gas and stun grenades to disperse thousands of opposition protesters who had marched to the president's office in Bishkek to demand his resignation.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, President Sidi Mohamed Ould Cheikh Abdallahi took over from a military junta as Mauritania's civilian head of state.
    (Reuters, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, North and South Korea formally opened economic aid talks, after a delay caused by Pyongyang's insistence that Seoul pledge food assistance to the impoverished nation despite its failure to live up to a pact on nuclear disarmament.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, Chanting "down with Talibanization," hundreds of human rights activists marched through Pakistani cities, urging the government to rein in clerics who have launched an anti-vice campaign in the capital.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, The heads of seven men who were kidnapped by Muslim extremists on a volatile southern island were delivered to a Philippine army detachment. The men, six road project workers and a dried-fish factory worker, were kidnapped at gunpoint in two separate incidents April 16 near the town of Parang. A group of civilians was ordered to take the heads to Parang by Muslim rebel commander Habier Malik.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, Romania's parliament voted to suspend the popular president who ushered in economic and social reforms to help the country join the European Union, accusing him of abusing his constitutional powers. President Traian Basescu had earlier vowed to resign "within five minutes" if lawmakers voted to suspend him. His resignation would prompt a new election within three months, and he has said he would run again for office. Former president Nicolae Vacaroiu (1992-1996) became acting president.
    (AP, 4/19/07)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.61)
2007        Apr 19, Rwanda filed a case against France at the UN's highest court in The Hague over a French request that President Paul Kagame be tried by the Rwanda war crimes tribunal.
    (AP, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, In Somalia fighting between Ethiopian troops and insurgents left at least 12 people dead in Mogadishu, while a suicide car bomb exploded at an Ethiopian army base.
    (AP, 4/20/07)
2007        Apr 19, A Sudanese rebel group said government aircraft destroyed a village in northern Darfur in an air strike.
    (Reuters, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, Venezuela launched a Zeppelin to patrol Caracas, seeking to fight crime in one of Latin America's most dangerous cities but also raising fears that President Hugo Chavez could be turning into Big Brother.
    (Reuters, 4/19/07)
2007        Apr 19, In Zimbabwe 82 members of the Women of Zimbabwe Arise group were arrested in Bulawayo during a protest against power outages. 18 of the women were stripped and jailed for hours.
    (SFC, 4/23/07, p.A10)

2008        Apr 19,     In NYC Pope Benedict XVI preached in St. Patrick's cathedral, assuring priests and nuns that he was close to them as they battled the damage left by the clergy sex scandal.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19, Alfonso Lopez Trujillo (b.1935), Vatican enforcer and former archbishop of Medellin, died. In 1995, as head of the Pontifical council for the Family, he published a “Lexicon of Ambiguous and Debatable Terms."
    (Econ, 5/3/08, p.93)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_L%C3%B3pez_Trujillo)
2008        Apr 19, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a civilian vehicle, killing three people and wounding another. An Afghan policeman and two Taliban fighters were killed in a firefight in Panjwayi, Kandahar province. Afghan police clashed with Iranian forces at the southwestern border with Iran, leaving one civilian dead and two Iranian officers wounded.
    (AP, 4/19/08)(AFP, 4/20/08)(AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 19, In Argentina President Cristina Fernandez surveyed more than 200 raging brush fires by air as a thick cloud of smoke covered Buenos Aires for a fifth day. She vowed to prosecute anyone who lit the blazes that have sent smoke clouding highways and grounding jetliners.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     In Australia PM Rudd opened a summit of the nation's top minds to discuss fresh policy ideas for the future.
    (Reuters, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     In Austria 3 men posing as policemen were shot along S1 highway, one fatally, when they tried to rob two men who turned out to be real officers.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     In central Bangladesh a speeding bus plunged off a road, killing at least 18 people and injuring dozens.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19, In Ecuador flames started by fireworks swept through a nightclub in Quito, killing at least 14 people who were unable to escape through the club's padlocked doors.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19, In France the charred body of Sussanna Zetterberg (19), a Swedish teenager, was discovered in woods outside Paris just hours after she left a nightclub. A postmortem showed she had been stabbed.
    (Reuters, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 19,     Twelve people died in overnight clashes in Baghdad's Sadr City district. The US military said one of its attack helicopters located and hit a mortar crew in Sadr City at 3:30 a.m., killing two gunmen and destroying the weapon. In the town of Suq al-Shiyoukh a firefight killed one militant and left six policemen injured. The US military said an American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb while on patrol in Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19, In northern Kazakhstan a Soyuz capsule, carrying South Korean bioengineer Yi So-yeon, American astronaut Peggy Whitson and Russian flight engineer Yuri Malenchenko, landed 260 miles off its mark.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     Typhoon Neoguri swept through Macau, after it struck Hainan island south of mainland China the night before.
    (AFP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     Pakistan's ambassador to Afghanistan, who went missing in February in the Khyber region, appeared on Arabic television saying he was being held by the Taliban and urged Islamabad to meet their demands.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     Hamas militants drove two cars laden with explosives to an Israeli border crossing with Gaza under the cover of morning fog and detonated one. 4 militants were killed in the huge blasts and exchanges of fire with at least 13 Israeli soldiers wounded. Israel killed 5 Hamas militants in a series of airstrikes after the group detonated the explosives.
    (AFP, 4/19/08)(AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 19, In southern Spain a crash of a bus filled with Finnish tourists left nine people dead near the resort town of Benalmadena. Police arrested the driver of the other vehicle, who was not seriously injured, after he failed a blood alcohol test.
    (AP, 4/20/08)
2008        Apr 19, In Syria defying US and Israeli warnings, former President Jimmy Carter met again on with Khaled Mashaal, the exiled leader of the militant Hamas group, and his deputy, Moussa Abu Marzouk.
    (AP, 4/19/08)
2008        Apr 19,     Zimbabwe held a partial recount of votes from last month's general election as the opposition accused President Robert Mugabe and his party of trying to rig their way back to power.
    (AFP, 4/19/08)

2009        Apr 19, The annual Goldman Environmental Prize was awarded to 7 activists from 6 nations. Rizwana Hasan (40) of Bangladesh was awarded for exposing environmental damage and exploitative practices used in the country’s ship dismantling industry; Marc Ona Essangui (45) of Gabon, the founder of Brainforest, was awarded for exposing secret agreements for a Chinese mine project that threatened Gabon’s rain forests; Yuyun Ismawati of Indonesia was awarded for designing environmentally safe waste management systems for poor Indonesia n communities; Olga Speranskaya (46) of Eco-Accord in Russia was awarded for her efforts to control and store chemicals in Russia and former Soviet republics; Wanze Eduards (52) and Hugo Jabini (44) of Suriname, leaders of the maroon community, were awarded for their efforts that led to a landmark ruling ending tribal exploitation by the government. Maria Gunnoe (40) of West Virginia was awarded for her fight against the practice of removing of the tops of mountains and filing valleys below with tailings.
    (SSFC, 4/19/09, p.A18)
2009        Apr 19, In Arizona Doug Georgianni (51) was shot and killed while collecting data from a traffic enforcement camera inside an SUV in Phoenix. The next day police arrested Thomas Patrick Destories (68) on 1st degree murder charges.
    (WSJ, 4/21/09, p.A7)(WSJ, 4/22/09, p.A6)
2009        Apr 19, In Afghanistan roadside bomb in Kandahar city killed one police officer and wounded another.
    (AP, 4/20/09)
2009        Apr 19, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika vowed to pursue national reconciliation, after being sworn in for a third five-year term.
    (AP, 4/19/09)
2009        Apr 19, Bolivia's leftist president was headed to the airport when Barack Obama gave him what he requested the day before: public repudiation of an alleged attempt on his life.
    (AP, 4/19/09)
2009        Apr 19, Author J.G. Ballard (b.1930), a China-born author and survivor of a Japanese prison camp, died in London. His vision was so dark and distinctive it was labeled "Ballardian." His first novel, "The Wind From Nowhere" (1962) sold well enough for Ballard to become a full-time writer. Other works included the novels "The Drowned World" and "The Crystal World" and the story collection "Vermilion Sands." He reached a wide audience with the autobiographical "Empire of the Sun" (1984), adapted as a film (1987) by Steven Spielberg.
    (AP, 4/20/09)(WSJ, 4/25/09, p.W12)
2009        Apr 19, The Shanghai Motor Show opened. Porsche kicked off the show by unveiling the Panamera, the German luxury carmaker's first foray into the sedan segment.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/8007484.stm)
2009        Apr 19, Turkish Cypriot nationalists won a parliamentary election that could stifle a promising effort to reunite Cyprus, an ethnically divided island. The right-wing National Unity Party (UBP), led by Dervish Eroglu, garnered 44% of the vote. The ruling leftist Republican Turkish Party (CTP), of Turkish Cypriot leader Mehmet Ali Talat, won 29%.
    (AP, 4/19/09)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.56)
2009        Apr 19, In Haiti clear-plastic ballot boxes were nearly as empty as Port-au-Prince's unusually deserted streets as few voters turned out for Senate elections in which candidates from a major populist party were not allowed to run. Supporters of ousted former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, whose Fanmi Lavalas party was disqualified from the election by Haiti's provisional electoral council, had urged an estimated 4 million registered voters not to participate.
    (AP, 4/19/09)
2009        Apr 19, Iraq's parliament ended months of political paralysis by electing Ayad al-Samarraie, a prominent Sunni lawmaker, as its new speaker. Armed with pistols equipped with silencers simultaneously raided two jewelry stores near one another in northern Baghdad. At least 7 people were killed in the daylight heist.
    (AP, 4/19/09)(SFC, 4/20/09, p.A2)
2009        Apr 19, Italy agreed to accept 140 migrants stranded aboard a Turkish cargo ship that rescued them in the Mediterranean, ending a four-day standoff with Malta about who would take them in.
    (AP, 4/20/09)
2009        Apr 19, In Jamaica Stephen Fray (20) forced his way through Montego Bay airport security and hijacked a Canadian jet, holding six crew members hostage. He fired his father's licensed .38-caliber revolver into the air, stole money from some of the 167 passengers aboard and demanded to be flown off the island. After 6 hours police and soldiers stormed the aircraft and captured Fray. On October 8 Fray was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/20/09)(AP, 10/9/09)
2009        Apr 19, In Pakistan a suspected US missile attack aimed at Taliban and Al-Qaeda rebels on the outskirts of Wana, the main town in South Waziristan district along the border with Afghanistan, killed at least three militants. Pakistan helicopter gunships raided suspected militant hideouts near Ghiljo in the semi-autonomous tribal district of Orakzai near the Afghan border killing 20 insurgents and destroying their positions.
    (AFP, 4/19/09)(AFP, 4/20/09)
2009        Apr 19, In central Somalia two Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) workers were seized by around 25 gunmen traveling in two trucks. Dutch national Kees Keus (49) and Belgian Jorgen Stassijns (40) were released on April 28.
    (AP, 4/19/09)(AP, 4/28/09)
2009        Apr 19, In Sudan 21 people were killed when a bus they were travelling in collided with a truck about 25 miles south of Khartoum.
    (AFP, 4/19/09)
2009        Apr 19, In Trinidad a Western Hemisphere summit wrapped up with President Barack Obama hopeful he'd boosted the image of the US among its friends in the region and perhaps even made some new ones. Caribbean leaders asked the US to expand a $1.4 billion program to help Mexico and Central America fight drug trafficking and organized crime to include aid for their island nations. The final declaration of the Summit of Americas, which Hugo Chavez of Venezuela and his leftist bloc refused to sign, turned out to have just one signatory. It was PM Patrick Manning, host of the 34-nation summit.
    (AP, 4/19/09)

2010        Apr 19, Arizona lawmakers passed a controversial immigration bill requiring police in the state that borders Mexico to determine if people are in the United States illegally, a measure critics say is open to racial profiling.
    (Reuters, 4/20/10)
2010        Apr 19, San Diego, Ca., Sheriff Bill Gore said that 24 documented gang members and eight gang associates have been booked on suspicion of various offenses following the two-day multi-agency operation called "Allied Shield."
    (AP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, In Los Angeles Brian Alexik (34) slipped out the back window of his apartment as detectives interviewed local tenants regarding a gas odor. Detectives found a cache of loaded weapons, including an AK-47, next to a mosaic depicting the CIA seal. They found equipment for counterfeiting money. High-powered binoculars were trained on the US Federal Reserve building next door. Alexik had been paying about $4,000 cash for his rent but had recently stopped paying and was on the verge of getting evicted. He allegedly had been bleaching low-denomination bills then using a printer to change the value to $100 or $50. In all, police recovered about $15,000 in bogus bills. Alexik was caught on June 3.
    (AP, 6/27/10)
2010        Apr 19, Winners of the 2010 Goldman Environmental Prizes, known as the "green Nobels," were honored in San Francisco. Sereivathana Tuy of Cambodia won for his efforts in stopping farmers from killing elephants. Randall Arauz of Costa Rica won for his campaign to halt the maiming and killing of sharks for their fins. Humberto Rios Labrada (47) of Cuba won for his campaign to shift farming practices toward increasing diversity and reducing chemical use. Malgorzata Gorska of Poland won for her fight to stop a highway through the Rospuda Valley, one of Poland’s last vestiges of untouched wilderness. Thuli Makama of Swaziland won for her efforts in getting citizen participation on the Swaziland board in charge of the environment. She helped prompt investigations into allegations of private park rangers killing suspected poachers in sub-Saharan Africa's last absolute monarchy. Lynn Henning of the USA won for exposing polluting practices of livestock ranches in Michigan.
    (AP, 4/19/10)(SFC, 4/19/10, p.A1)
2010        Apr 19, In Oregon Jorge Ortiz-Oliva (40), the kingpin of one of the biggest drug organizations in Oregon history, was sentenced to 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/20/10)
2010        Apr 19, In Tennessee a man opened fire outside the Parkwest Medical Center in Knoxville killing a woman and injuring 2 others before committing suicide.
    (SFC, 4/20/10, p.A6)
2010        Apr 19, The Afghan intelligence service said security forces have arrested nine members of a terrorist cell and seized nearly a quarter-ton of explosives, foiling a plot to stage suicide bombings and other attacks in Kabul. In southern Kandahar province, a remote-controlled bomb planted on a donkey exploded near a police checkpoint, killing three children aged 11, 12 and 15. An American soldier was killed and several wounded in an explosion at an Afghan National Army facility just outside Kabul. 3 students and a police officer were killed in crossfire between foreign soldiers and insurgents in eastern Khost province. Insurgents killed Azizullah Yarmal, the vice mayor of the southern city of Kandahar, as he prayed at a mosque.
    (AP, 4/19/10)(AFP, 4/20/10)(AP, 4/20/10)(AP, 4/21/10)
2010        Apr 19, Algeria's Energy Minister Chakib Khelil said 11 major natural gas exporting countries have decided to work towards a long term plan to index prices with oil.
    (AFP, 4/20/10)
2010        Apr 19, In Australia Carl Williams, known as the baby-faced killer, was killed in Victoria state's highest security prison by a fellow inmate who attacked him with part of an exercise bike.
    (www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/04/19/2876669.htm)(AFP, 4/30/10)
2010        Apr 19, The chief of British Airways said test flights have proven that the blanket restrictions EU governments have imposed on flights because of volcanic ash are unnecessary. The airline industry said it has lost at least $1 billion due to five days of closed airports. A senior Western diplomat says several NATO F-16 fighters suffered engine damage after flying through the volcanic ash cloud covering large parts of Europe.
    (AP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, China’s government passed amendments revising the Border Quarantine Law as well as China's Law on Control of the Entry and Exit of Aliens. The changes were effective immediately. This lifted a two-decade-old ban on people with HIV and AIDS from entering the country, just as it is about to welcome the world to the Shanghai Expo on May 1.
    (AP, 4/28/10)
2010        Apr 19, In western India police found 12 fetuses dumped near a garbage bin in Ahmadabad, the main city of Gujarat state.
    (AP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, Indonesia’s Constitutional Court ruled 8-1 that a 45-year-old law banning religious blasphemy was constitutional. The law limited officially recognized religions to six: Buddhism, Catholicism, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam and Protestantism. Up to 5 years in prison could be imposed for anyone found guilty of heresy.
    (SFC, 4/20/10, p.A2)
2010        Apr 19, In Iran a senior adviser said President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has approved the location for a new uranium enrichment facility Iran plans to begin building over the next year.
    (AP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, In Iran the semi-official Fars news agency reported that the Press Supervisory Board ordered the pro-reform Bahar daily closed for "spreading doubts on fundamental issues such as elections. The official IRNA news agency reported that Iran has sentenced prominent political activists Mohsen Mirdamadi, Mostafa Tajzadeh and Davood Soleimani to six years in prison each for involvement in the country's post-election turmoil. They were convicted of spreading propaganda against Iran.
    (AP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, An Iraqi panel investigating election complaints ordered a recount of more than 2.5 million votes cast in Baghdad during the March 7 election, agreeing to a demand by PM Nouri al-Maliki that could swing the outcome in his favor.
    (AP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, Israeli Defense minister Ehud Barak said Israel must recognize that the world will not put up with decades more of Israeli rule over the Palestinian people.
    (AP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, The Nigerian army averted an attack by suspected Muslim extremists on a mainly Christian village in the flashpoint central Plateau State, killing two gunmen. 2 Christian farmers were killed and two others went missing in fresh attacks by suspected Muslim-Fulani nomads in central Plateau State.
    (AFP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, The Chosun Sinbo, a pro-North Korean newspaper published in Tokyo, said mobile phone subscriptions are spreading fast in North Korea and could number 600,000 by the end of this year. In December 2008, North Korea introduced a 3G mobile phone network in a joint venture with Cairo-based Orascom Telecom.
    (AFP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, In Pakistan at least 23 people including police officials were killed in a suicide bombing in the Qissa Khawani Bazaar in Peshawar. Hours earlier a boy (8) was killed and at least ten people were injured in a bombing outside a high school in Peshawar. A later explosion Boharh Bazaar slightly damaged a parked car and two shops.
    (AP, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, In Puerto Rico the naked body of Ashley Santiago Ocasio (31), born as Juan Antonio), was found at his home in the town of Corozal. Rico Ashley Santiago Ocasio (31), a transgender beauty salon owner with high cheekbones and a flair for fashion, had been shot in the head. Her car was missing and there were no signs of a break-in.
    (www.dosmanzanas.com/tag/ashley-santiago)(AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 19, The Slovenian parliament ratified a border arbitration deal with Croatia vital for Zagreb's EU membership bid, but the deal still faces a much tougher test at a June referendum in Slovenia.
    (Reuters, 4/19/10)
2010        Apr 19, In Venezuela former boxing champ Edwin Valero committed suicide in his jail cell just hours after he was arrested in his wife's killing.
    (AP, 4/19/10)

2011        Apr 19, It was reported that a US Department of Justice test of the CelleBrite UFED used by Michigan police found the device could grab all of the photos and video off of an iPhone within one-and-a-half minutes. The device works with 3000 different phone models and can even defeat password protections.
    (www.thenewspaper.com/news/34/3458.asp)
2011        Apr 19, A Virginia jury convicted Lee Farkas (58), the majority owner of what had been one of the nation's largest mortgage companies, on all 14 counts in a $2.9 billion fraud trial. Prosecutors said Farkas led a fraud scheme of staggering proportions for roughly eight years as chairman of Florida-based Taylor Bean & Whitaker. The fraud not only caused the company's 2009 collapse and put its 2,000 employees out of work, but also contributed to the collapse of Alabama-based Colonial Bank, the sixth-largest bank failure in US history.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 19, Sony Corp. in the US noticed unauthorized activity on its network, and discovered that data had been transferred off the network the next day. The company's general counsel gave the FBI information about the breach on April 22.
    (AP, 5/4/11)
2011        Apr 19, In Afghanistan 17 insurgents, including foreign fighters, were killed in Kunar province by Afghan and coalition forces searching for a senior leader of the al-Qaida network.
    (AP, 4/21/11)
2011        Apr 19, Brazilian police swept through Rio de Janeiro's largest slum in a crackdown on drug-related crime, arresting 11 people and seizing an estimated three tons of marijuana.
    (AFP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Britain said it will send a team of up 20 senior military officers to Libya to help organize the country's haphazard opposition forces.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, In Burkina Faso Gen. Nabere Honore Traore, the recently appointed army chief, said that the new government will work to resolve the issues behind the military unrest that has plagued the country since last week.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Cuban delegates to a key Party Congress picked Raul Castro (79) to replace his ailing brother at the helm, while weathered veterans moved up to the No. 2 and 3 positions. Raul acknowledged the lack of fresh faces, saying the country had failed to develop young leaders because of errors committed in the past.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, An Egyptian government fact-finding mission said at least 846 people were killed and over 6,400 injured during the popular uprising that toppled longtime president Hosni Mubarak.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, India's Supreme Court told state governments to "ruthlessly" stamp out so-called honor killings and warned that officials who fail to deal with the practice would be prosecuted.
    (AFP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, In India a mob opposing a government plan to build a nuclear plant in the western state of Maharashtra ransacked a hospital and set buses on fire during a protest strike.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, In India a helicopter hit a wall and burst into flames as it was trying to land in the remote northeast, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Iran’s intelligence minister Heidar Moslehi resigned following reported internal disputes with Pres. Ahmadinejad and the president publicly accepted it. But Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei quickly ordered that Moslehi remain on the job.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 19, In Iraq a senior Education Ministry official was killed by a bomb that was hidden on his car in Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Forty one Ivorians were arrested by United Nations forces as they attempted to cross the border into Liberia with cars, guns and ammunition shortly after the capture of former Ivorian president Laurent Gbagbo.
    (AFP, 6/21/12)
2011        Apr 19, Laos announced that it would defer a decision on erecting the $3.5 billion Xayaburi dam, the first dam on the lower Mekong River in the face of opposition from neighboring countries. In Dec the Mekong River Commission (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam) members called for further studies.
    (SFC, 4/20/11, p.A2)(Econ, 1/7/12, p.34)
2011        Apr 19, In Libya heavy fighting raged in Misrata. A NATO commander complained the alliance was having trouble destroying Gadhafi's mortars and rockets attacking rebels there. 8 people were reported killed in Misrata. The UN appealed for a ceasefire in Misrata, saying at least 20 children had been killed in attacks by besieging government forces on rebel-held parts of the city. Rebels put the death toll from two months of fighting at 10,000. NATO's commander in chief for the operation in Libya announced military strikes against Kadhafi's command centers, including Tripoli and a brigade accused of leading attacks on civilians.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(Reuters, 4/19/11)(AFP, 4/19/11)(Reuters, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 19, A Malaysian official said authorities have sent 66 Muslim schoolboys identified by teachers as effeminate to a four-day camp where they will receive counseling on masculine behavior to discourage them from being gay.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Mexican troops clashed with gunmen trying to establish a base in Veracruz, killing 10 alleged assailants.
    (AP, 4/20/11)
2011        Apr 19, In Nigeria burned corpses with machete wounds lay in roads and smoke rose above Kaduna where rioting broke out again among Muslim opposition supporters who were angered by the announcement that the Christian incumbent president had won the election.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Somali citizen Ahmed Abdulkadir Warsame was captured by the US military. He was interrogated aboard a US warship for two months before facing terrorism charges in NYC.
    (SFC, 7/6/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 19, Investors announced that West Africa Cable System (WACS), a new $650 million undersea telecommunications cable, has landed in South Africa, saying the link would double the broadband capacity of the continent's largest economy.
    (AFP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Syria's government approved lifting the country's nearly 50-year-old state of emergency to meet a key demand of anti-government protesters. Syria imposed a total ban on all demonstrations after warning of a crackdown on an "armed revolt" by Islamist radicals. Security forces fired on protesters in the city of Homs, killing at least 15.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(AFP, 4/19/11)(Econ, 4/23/11, p.49)
2011        Apr 19, A Tunisian court dropped charges against a policewoman whose dispute with fruit vendor Mohamed Bouazizi sparked a chain of events that unleashed uprisings around the Arab world. The case against Fedia Hamdi was closed after the vendor's family withdrew its original complaint.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, In Turkey Kurdish protesters clashed with police in two cities and the main Kurdish party threatened to boycott the upcoming election because of a decision the previous day to bar some Kurdish candidates.
    (AP, 4/19/11)
2011        Apr 19, Yemeni security forces opened fire on anti-government protesters in Taiz, the second largest city, killing at least 3. Tens of thousands took to the streets in the capital Sanaa later in the day and thousands demonstrated in Aden, Ibb, al-Hudaydah and other cites where most of the shops were closed in support of the protesters. The UN children's fund said that at least 26 children have been killed during the protests over the last two months.
    (AP, 4/19/11)(SFC, 4/20/11, p.A2)

2012        Apr 19, The US military said 2 ethnic Uighur men from western China, held for almost a decade without charge at Guantanamo Bay, have been resettled in El Salvador.
    (SFC, 4/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 19, One of the first pennies ever produced by the US Mint, a 1792 Silver Center penny, was put up for auction and reportedly sold for more than $1 million.
    (ABCNews, 4/20/12)
2012        Apr 19, Levon Helm (71), drummer and singer for the Band, died in Albany, NY. The group, which also backed Bob Dylan, was known for such songs as “Up on Cripple Creek" (1969), “The Weight" (1968), and “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down" (1969).
    (SFC, 4/20/12, p.C5)
2012        Apr 19, In Afghanistan a US Army helicopter crashed in bad weather during a night flight to the scene of a suicide bombing. All 4 American crew members were killed. 4 Afghan police officers were killed and 7 others were wounded in the suicide attack on the checkpoint in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 4/20/12)
2012        Apr 19, Australia vowed in an apparent U-turn to keep combat troops in Afghanistan through 2014 after PM Julia Gillard had indicated they would come home earlier than planned.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 19, Bahraini police fired buckshot and tear gas to disperse overnight demonstrations in Shiite villages outside the capital Manama ahead of this weekend's Formula One Grand Prix.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 19, The European Union said it will suspend most sanctions against Myanmar for a year while it assesses the country's progress toward democracy.
    (AP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 19, Guinea-Bissau's junta named Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo, a former parliamentary speaker and independent presidential candidate, to head a two-year transition government after a deal with the opposition, defying world calls for a return to democracy.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 19, India successfully tested a powerful new missile that can carry nuclear weapons 5,000 km (3,100 miles). The Agni-V took off from a small launcher on what appeared to be railroad tracks from Wheeler Island off India's east coast.
    (AP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 19, In India 3 commuters hanging onto the outside of a train in Mumbai were killed when they were hit by an iron pole in the latest accident on India's overcrowded railways.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 19, In Iraq bombings struck several areas in Baghdad and to the north. Al-Qaida extremists launched dozens of bombings and shootings in 7 different provinces killing 38 people and wounding more than 170.
    (AP, 4/19/12)(AFP, 4/20/12)
2012        Apr 19, Jamaica announced a new government task force to fight proliferating lottery scams that mainly target elderly Americans.
    (SFC, 4/20/12, p.A2)   
2012        Apr 19, Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf issued a decree exempting schools, hospitals, the national broadcaster and power company from paying customs duties on fuel.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 19, Mali's police announced a wave of arrests overnight after officers seized container loads of weapons, as the country's new prime minister considered who should form his transitional government. The junta announced late today that it had released 22 people whose arrests earlier this week had prompted international criticism.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)(AP, 4/20/12)
2012        Apr 19, In northern Nigeria 5 people were killed by gunmen suspected to be Boko Haram, in a bakery in Maiduguri. A policeman was killed outside his house in Damaturu, the capital of Yobe state.
    (AFP, 4/20/12)
2012        Apr 19, In Somalia Burundian troops with the AU force seized areas of Mogadishu’s Banadir district late today, including securing the Deynile airstrip, part of long-running efforts to drive the militants from the city.
    (AFP, 4/20/12)
2012        Apr 19, In South Africa a man was killed by a shark while body boarding at a bay in Cape Town in the country’s second deadly mauling this year.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 19, South Sudan said it repulsed four attacks from Sudan over a 24-hour period as fighting on the border showed no signs of slowing. A Sudanese air raid struck a Heglig oil processing facility, setting it ablaze. A pipeline was damaged and oil poured into the ground.
    (AP, 4/19/12)(AFP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 19, Syria and the UN signed a deal on the framework for observers to monitor a shaky ceasefire, as Arab and Western ministers gathered in Paris to pile pressure on Damascus. At least three people were reported killed in violence across Syria today.
    (AFP, 4/19/12)
2012        Apr 19, The Vatican’s Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith ordered an overhaul of the Leadership Conference of Women Religious (LCWR), based in Silver Spring, Md. I cited radical feminist themes and questioned official positions on homosexuality and the ordination of women.
    (SFC, 4/20/12, p.A6)
2012        Apr 19, Yemeni government troops launched a surprise attack in Abyan province. 32 Islamist militants were reported killed.
    (AFP, 4/21/12)

2013        Apr 19, The US's annual global human rights report was issued by the State Department. It said China had imposed new registration requirements to prevent groups from emerging that might challenge government authority.
    (AP, 4/21/13)
2013        Apr 19, Federal agents swarmed Watertown, Mass., after local police were involved in a car chase and shootout with 2 men identified by the FBI as Suspect 1 and Suspect 2 in the April 15 Boston bombings. The shootout occurred after a gunfight erupted near the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Suspect 1, identified as Tamerlan Tsarnaev (26), was killed in the shootout. Suspect 2, identified as Dzhokhar A. Tsarnaev (19), a second-year student, was wounded but escaped. He was soon found hiding under a boat tarp in a neighborhood backyard. The brothers' family was originally from Chechnya.
    (AP, 4/19/13)(AP, 4/20/13)
2013        Apr 19, A fishing boat owned by a Louisiana sea food company sank off the Texas Gulf Coast after it was hit by a freak wave. 4 fishermen were lost and one was rescued.
    (SFC, 4/22/13, p.A5)
2013        Apr 19, At the US Guantanamo Bay detention facility the number of detainees deemed on a hunger strike increased from 52 to 63 out of a total of 166.
    (SFC, 4/20/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 19, The Boy Scouts of America proposed lifting a ban on gay scouts but maintaining a prohibition on gay adults from leading troops.
    (Reuters, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 19, Floodwaters swelled the Mississippi River and other Midwestern rivers following days of torrential rains. In Quiincy, Ill., the river rose nearly 10 feet in 36 hours. Two flood related deaths were in Indiana, a 3rd in Missouri.
    (SFC, 4/20/13, p.A4)(SSFC, 4/21/13, p.A9)(SFC, 4/22/13, p.A6)
2013        Apr 19, David Rubenstein, co-CEO of the Carlyle Group, announced his donation of $10 million to help visitors see the full plantation of Thomas Jefferson’s home at Monticello, Va.
    (SSFC, 4/21/13, p.A9)
2013        Apr 19, Kenneth Appel (80), American mathematician of maps, died. In 1976 he and Wolfgang Haken used computer power to prove that four colors were sufficient to ensure that no adjacent countries on a map would be the same color.
    (Econ, 5/4/13, p.90)
2013        Apr 19, Al Neuharth (b.1924), founder of USA Today (1982), died in Cocoa Beach, Fl.
    (SFC, 4/20/13, p.A6)
2013        Apr 19, In Afghanistan Taliban insurgents attacked a local police checkpoint in Andar, a district of Ghazni province, killing 13 officers.
    (AP, 4/21/13)
2013        Apr 19, Britain's credit standing took a further blow when Fitch Ratings became the second major international agency to strip the country of its top-notch credit rating.
    (Reuters, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 19, In Egypt thousands of supporters of Islamist Pres. Morsi took to the streets of Cairo, calling on him to "cleanse the judiciary."
    (AP, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 19, In Georgia some 10,000 supporters of embattled pro-Western President Mikhail Saakashvili gathered for a rally testing their strength ahead of October's presidential vote.
    (AP, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 19, In Iraq mortar fire and bombs targeting worshippers killed 9 people and wounded 29 others in two attacks north of Baghdad shortly after noon prayers. The dead included 7 in Khalis and 2 in Kirkuk. An Iraqi soldier was killed in Hawija.
    (AP, 4/19/13)(Econ, 4/27/13, p.46)
2013        Apr 19, In Jordan about 100 Syrian refugees threw stones at Jordanian police for preventing some of them from sneaking out of their desert camp.
    (AP, 4/21/13)
2013        Apr 19, Kosovo and Serbia reached a potentially historic agreement to normalize relations between the Balkan neighbors, end years of acrimony and put them both on a solid path to EU membership.
    (AP, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 19, Pakistan’s former military ruler Pervez Musharraf was arrested overnight in Islamabad in a case involving his decision to fire senior judges while in power. Musharraf criticized allegations against him as "politically motivated."
    (AP, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 19, Poland inaugurated its new $100 million Museum of the History of Polish Jews in the heart of the former Warsaw ghetto.
    (SFC, 4/19/13, p.A3)
2013        Apr 19, Syrian regime troops and rebels fought fierce battles near the Lebanese border.
    (AP, 4/19/13)
2013        Apr 19, Venezuela held inauguration ceremonies for President Nicolas Maduro. Massive crowds that used to pack the streets for late leader Hugo Chavez failed to appear.
    (AP, 4/19/13)

2014        Apr 19, In Algeria 11 soldiers were killed and a dozen wounded in an ambush in the restive Kabylie region east of Algiers. On May 1 al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 4/20/14)(AFP, 4/21/14)(AFP, 5/1/14)
2014        Apr 19, In Bahrain an apparent car bombing killed two people and wounded one in Mughsha, a village west of Manama.
    (AP, 4/19/14)
2014        Apr 19, In Brazil angry residents of a city near Rio de Janeiro torched four buses to protest the death of a man killed a day earlier by a bullet on his way to a Good Friday church service. They said Anderson Santos Silva (21) died while trying to protect his mother and 9-year-old sister from bullets from a gunfight involving police.
    (AP, 4/19/14)
2014        Apr 19, Tobias Bowen (47), charged with raping a child in March 2010 when he lived in New York’s Syracuse suburb of Liverpool, was arrested in London after getting off a plane. He had fled to his native Liberia, where he was administrator of a government hospital.
    (AP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 19, A Chinese maritime court in Shanghai seized a ship owned by Japanese shipping firm Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, a move that Japan warned could have an adverse impact on its businesses in China. The court said the company had failed to pay compensation stemming from a WWII contractual obligation. On April 24 China said Japan's Mitsui O.S.K. Lines Ltd has paid about $29 million for the release of the ship.
    (Reuters, 4/21/14)(Reuters, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 19, In Iraq two bombs planted on a street full of shoppers in the Dora neighborhood of Baghdad killed 4 people and wounded eight.
    (AP, 4/19/14)
2014        Apr 19, In northern Mexico a Hawker 800 jet crashed in Coahuila state killing all 8 people on board. On the northwestern fringe of Mexico City a three-way car collision in Naucalpan killed at least 8 people and injured 12 others.
    (Reuters, 4/20/14)
2014        Apr 19, Nigerian officials said another 14 schoolgirls kidnapped by Boko Haram Islamists in the northeast have escaped, leaving 85 missing.
    (AFP, 4/19/14)
2014        Apr 19, In Pakistan Hamid Mir, a famous host on the private TV broadcaster Geo, suffered three gunshot wounds to the stomach and the upper legs in an attack near Karachi's airport. His brother alleged the attack was planned by the Inter-services Intelligence directorate (ISI). Mir survived the attack.
    (AP, 4/19/14)(Econ, 4/26/14, p.40)
2014        Apr 19, An earthquake with a magnitude 7.8 was recorded off Papua New Guinea.
    (Reuters, 4/19/14)
2014        Apr 19, In Peru a nationwide ban on illegal mining took effect. Some 40,000 illegal gold miners had until today to legalize their status in the southeast in the face of a ban on illegal mining that has ravaged rain forests and contaminated rivers.
    (SSFC, 4/20/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 19, In South Korea Captain Lee Joon-seok (68) and two crew members of the Sewol ferry that capsized on April 16 were arrested. The confirmed death toll rose to 32 with some 270 people still missing.
    (AP, 4/19/14)
2014        Apr 19, In South Africa robbers broke into a provincial parks office in Nelspruit and used a machine tool called a grinder to break into a safe holding several dozen rhino horns worth a fortune on the illegal market in parts of Asia. On June 9 police said two men have been arrested in connection with the theft, worth about $5.2 million.
    (AP, 4/22/14)(Reuters, 6/9/14)
2014        Apr 19, In central Syria two rebel car bombs targeted Homs and Salamiya, two areas controlled by government forces, killing at least ten people as opposition forces fought fiercely to hold onto territory.
    (AP, 4/19/14)
2014        Apr 19, In Yemen an American drone strike killed 15 Al-Qaeda suspects and 3 civilians in central Baida province, a stronghold of the extremist group.
    (AP, 4/19/14)

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