Return to home121 Apr 20,
Marcus Aurelius (d.180), 16th Roman emperor, philosopher, was born.
He authored the “Meditations." [see Apr 26]
1164 Apr 20, Victor IV,
[Ottaviano Montecello], Italian antipope (1159-64), died.
1139 Apr 20, The Second Lateran
Council opened in Rome. The crossbow was outlawed in the 12th
century, at least against Christians, by the second Lateran council
(the 10th ecumenical council), called by Pope Innocent II. Capable
of piercing chain mail from a range of up to 1,000 feet, this
formidable missile weapon remained a fixture of technically-advanced
European armies throughout the Middle Ages. Although it was used
after the introduction of firearms, it was eventually succeeded by
the harquebus—a primitive gun—in the late 15th century. The council
attempted universal enforcement of priestly celibacy in the Roman
(HN, 4/20/98)(HN, 4/20/98)(HNQ, 12/5/00)(SFC,
1314 Apr 20, Clement V,
[Bertrand Got], pope (1305-14) who moved papacy to Avignon, died.
1317 Apr 20, Agnes van
Montepulciano, Italian mystic, saint, died.
1494 Apr 20, John Agricola,
[Schneider], German theologian, prime minister, was born.
1505 Apr 20, Jews were expelled
from Orange, Burgundy, by Philibert of Luxembourg.
1534 Apr 20, Elizabeth Barton,
[St Magd van Kent], British prophet, died.
1534 Apr 20, Jacques Cartier
departed St. Malo on the 1st of his 3 expeditions to the New World.
1632 Apr 20, Nicolas Antione,
converted to Judaism, was burned at the stake. [see Dec 20]
1643 Apr 20, Christoph
Demantius (75), composer, died.
1653 Apr 20, Oliver Cromwell
dissolved the English parliament. “You have sat too long for any
good you have been doing lately…"
1657 Apr 20, English Admiral
Robert Blake fought his last battle when he destroyed the Spanish
fleet in Santa Cruz Bay.
1715 Apr 20, Nicholas Rowe's
"Tragedy of Lady Jane Gray," premiered in London.
1745 Apr 20, Philippe Pinel,
founder of psychiatry, was born.
1761 Apr 20, Johann Gottlieb
Karl Spazier, composer, was born.
1769 Apr 20, Ottawa Chief
Pontiac (b~1720) was murdered by an Indian in Cahokia.
(WUD, 1994, p.1117)(HN, 4/20/98)
1770 Apr 20, Captain Cook
arrived in New South Wales, Australia.
1775 Apr 20, British troops
began the siege of Boston.
1777 Apr 20, New York adopted a
new constitution as an independent state. [see Apr 14]
1786 Apr 20, John Goodricke
(21), English deaf and dumb astronomer, died.
1792 Apr 20, France declared
war on Austria, Prussia, and Sardinia, marking the start of the
French Revolutionary wars.
(AP, 4/20/97)(HN, 4/20/98)
1799 Apr 20, Friedrich
Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod," the third part of his Wallenstein
trilogy, premiered in Weimar.
1804 Apr 20, Jean-Jacques
Dessalines, Haitian rebel leader, commanded a massacre of the French
at town of Cape Francois.
1807 Apr 20, Aloysius Bertrand
("Gaspard de la Nuit"), French poet, was born.
1808 Apr 20, Charles Louis
Napoleon (d.1873), nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte, was born. He later
served as president (1848-1852) and as emperor of France
(WUD, 1994, p.950)(WSJ, 1/13/98, p.A20)(HN,
1809 Apr 20, Napoleon defeated
Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria.
1812 Apr 20, George Clinton
(73), the 4th vice president of the United States, died in
Washington, becoming the first vice president to die while in
1820 Apr 20, Arthur Young,
author (Annals of Agriculture), died.
1821 Apr 20, Franz K. Achard
(67), German physicist, chemist, died.
1827 Apr 20, John Gibbon
(d.1896), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1836 Apr 20, The Territory of
Wisconsin was established by Congress.
(AP, 4/20/97)(HN, 4/20/98)
1836 Apr 20, Johan I Jozef
(75), monarch of Liechtenstein, field marshal, died.
1839 Apr 20, Giuseppe Rossini,
father of Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini, died.
1841 Apr 20, Edgar Allen Poe’s
first detective story, "Murders in Rue Morgue," was published. Poe
published in this year 2 secret messages, as the work of W.B. Tyler,
that were not deciphered until 1992 and 2000. [see Mar 20, Apr 14
(HN, 4/20/98)(SFC, 12/1/00, p.A3)(MC, 4/20/02)
1850 Apr 20, Daniel Chester
French (d.1931), sculptor of the Concord Minuteman, was born at
Exeter, New Hampshire. He had his estate in Stockbridge, Mass. His
work also included the Lincoln Memorial. His Chesterwood estate
became a museum with an annual 6-month summer season. [Ph.
(HN, 4/20/98)(WSJ, 5/4/99, p.A20)
1861 Apr 20, Robert E. Lee
resigned from U.S. Army.
1861 Apr 20, Thaddeus Lowe
landed in South Carolina only to be surrounded by a group of
incredulous Carolinians who believed he was a spy. Lowe managed to
persuade the crowd that his 500-mile trip from Cincinnati, Ohio, was
merely an innocent aerial journey to test his strange craft. He
later tried to convince the Union to use his skill as a balloonist.
(HNQ, 4/5/01)(ON, 2/05, p.7)
1861 Apr 20, Battle of Norfolk,
VA. [see Apr 21]
1865 Apr 20, Chicago's Crosby
Opera House opened.
1869 Apr 20, Johann Carl
Gottfried Loewe (72), composer, died.
1871 Apr 20, The US 3rd
Enforcement Act, also known as the Ku Klux Klan Act, allowed the
President to suspend writ of habeas corpus.
1879 Apr 20, The first mobile
home (horse drawn) was used in a journey from London to Cyprus.
[what about Gypsy wagons, Conestoga wagons?]
1888 Apr 20, 246 people were
reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India.
1889 Apr 20, Adolf Hitler,
leader of National Socialist Party (1921-1945), was born in Braunau,
Austria. He was the dictator of Nazi Germany from 1933-1945 and
started World War II by invading Poland. He committed suicide in his
Berlin bunker. The German Fascist leader, promised to bring Germany
to the promised land on one condition: that the state would have
total control over all the organs, organizations, and citizens of
the nation. Brigitte Hammann later authored “Hitler in Vienna: A
Dictator’s Apprenticeship." In 1998 Ron Rosenbaum published
“Explaining Hitler," a look at the various agendas and needs of
different scholars in their examination of Hitler. In 1999 Ian
Kershaw published "Hitler 1889-1936: Hubris."
(V.D.-H.K.p.309)(HN, 4/20/98)(SFEC, 10/18/98, BR
p.5)(WSJ, 1/21/98, p.A16) (AP, 4/20/99)(HN, 4/20/99)(WSJ, 4/4/01,
1893 Apr 20, Harold Lloyd, film
comedian, was born. He is best remembered for his film "Safety
1893 Apr 20, Joan Miró (Joan
Miro), Spanish painter, was born.
1896 Apr 20, 1st public film
showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan," premiered in NYC.
1898 Apr 20, President
McKinley signed a congressional resolution recognizing Cuban
independence from Spain. He signed the Joint Resolution for War with
Spain that authorized U.S. military intervention to Cuban
(AP, 4/20/97)(SFC, 1/19/02, p.A19)
1902 Apr 20, Radium was
isolated as a pure metal by Curie and André-Louis Debierne through
the electrolysis of a pure radium chloride solution. Pierre and
Marie Curie had discovered the element in 1898.
1906 Apr 20, In San Francisco
Navy Lt. Frederick Freeman led his sailors in holding a line against
advancing flames at Chestnut and Lombard and Pier 27 saving the
city’s northeast waterfront. In 2005 Dennis Smith authored “San
Francisco Is Burning: The Untold Story of the 1906 Earthquake and
(SFC, 8/30/14, p.C2)
1910 Apr 20, Robert F. Wagner,
(Mayor-D-NYC, 1954-65), was born.
1910 Apr 20, Eva Swan (26), a
SF schoolteacher, disappeared. Doctor’s assistant Ben Gordon (18)
kept the secret until after a fight with Dr. James Grant over $18 in
wages. He then went to the police. Her body was found on Sep 23
buried under a basement at 320 Eureka St. and soaking in nitric acid
with every joint sawed through. Grant and nurse Marie Messerschmidt
were arrested on murder charges after the failed abortion went awry.
9/19/10, DB p.50)
1912 Apr 20, Boston’s Fenway
Park, home to Boston Red Sox, opened with its first official
1912 Apr 20, Bram Stoker, Irish
theater manager, writer (Dracula), died.
1914 Apr 20, Soldiers killed 33
during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo. In the Ludlow Massacre 2 women
and 11 children perished in a mining camp torched by Colorado
militiamen called in by John D. Rockefeller Jr. to settle a strike.
More than 75 people died during the Colorado coal strike with more
than half of them being company guards. In 2007 Scott Martelle
authored “Blood Passion: The Ludlow Massacre and Class War in the
(SFEC, 5/31/98, BR
p.3)(www.du.edu/anthro/ludlow/strike_000.html)(SSFC, 8/5/07, p.M2)
1915 Apr 20, The Turks fired
the first shot at Van; the first Armenians were deported from
Zeitoun on the 8th April, and there is a record of their arrival in
Syria as early as the l9th.
1916 Apr 20, The Chicago Cubs,
after merging with the Chicago Whales, began playing at Weeghman
Park. In 1926 the stadium became known as Wrigley Field.
1916 Apr 20, German-British sea
battle off Belgian coast.
1917 Apr 20, In the Pravda
newspaper Lenin named Russia "Free land of world."
1919 Apr 20, Polish Army
captured Vilna (Vilnius), Lithuania from Soviet Army.
1920 Apr 20, John Paul Stevens,
103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975-), was born in Illinois.
1920 Apr 20, Balfour
Declaration was recognized following a conference in San Remo,
Italy. It was agreed that a mandate to Britain should be formally
given by the League of Nations over an area, which in 2010 comprised
Israel, Jordan and the Golan Heights, to be called the "Mandate of
Palestine". The Balfour Declaration was to apply to the whole of the
mandated territory. The doctrine was named after British Foreign
Secretary Arthur James Balfour, who had first articulated it as a
policy on 2 November 1917.
1923 Apr 20, Tito Puente,
bandleader, was born.
1924 Apr 20, Nina Foch
(d.2008), film, theater and TV actress, was born in Leyden,
Netherlands. Her films later included “An American in Paris"
(SFC, 12/13/08, p.A5)
1927 Apr 20, Alex Muller, Nobel
Prize-winning physicist, was born.
1930 Apr 20, Charles (d.1974)
and Anne Lindbergh (d.2001 at 94) set a transcontinental speed
record flying from Los Angeles to New York in 14 hours and 45
minutes. Anne was 7 months pregnant. [see Jan 20]
(SFC, 2/8/01, p.C2)
1931 Apr 20, British House of
Commons agreed to sports play on Sunday.
1935 Apr 20, "Your Hit Parade"
debuted on NBC radio. It was called the "Lucky Strike Hit Parade" by
the newspapers. The show was re-named "Your Hit Parade" on November
9. The first number one song chosen for the first show was "Soon" by
(Bruce C. Byrd, Your Hit Parade & American
Top Ten Hits, 4th edition, 1994, p.15)
1936 Apr 20, Serious rioting
took place on the borders between Jaffa and Tel-Aviv, in particular
in the Catton, Manshieh and Saknat Abu Kebir quarters.
1938 Apr 20, San Francisco’s
Joe DiMaggio ended his holdout with Colonel Jacob Rupert, owner of
the NY Yankees, and accepted an annual salary of $25,000. DiMaggio
had asked for $40,000.
(SSFC, 4/21/13, DB p.46)
1939 Apr 20, The Kehlsteinhous,
aka the Eagle’s Nest, a mountaintop teahouse located in the
Kehlstein mountains near Berchtesgaden, was given to Adolf Hitler as
a 50th birthday present.
(SSFC, 8/6/06, p.G4)
1940 Apr 20, RCA publicly
demonstrated its new and powerful electron microscope in
(AP, 4/20/97)(HN, 4/20/98)(MC, 4/20/02)
1941 Apr 20, Joni Evans,
publisher of Simon & Schuster, Random House, was born in NYC.
1941 Apr 20, Ryan O'Neal, actor
(Peyton Place, Paper Moon, was born in LA, Calif.
1942 Apr 20, Pierre Laval, the
premier of Vichy France, in a radio broadcast, established a policy
of "true reconciliation with Germany."
1942 Apr 20, Heavy German
assault on Malta.
1942 Apr 20, The battle for
Moscow ended. It officially lasted from September 30, 1941, to April
20, 1942, but in reality spanned more than those 203 days of
unremitting mass murder, and marked the first time that Hitler's
armies failed to triumph with their Blitzkrieg tactics. In 2007
Andrew Nagorski authored “The Greatest Battle: Stalin, Hitler, and
the Desperate Struggle for Moscow That Changed the Course of World
(WSJ, 1/11/08, p.W6)
1945 Apr 20, During World War
II, Allied forces, the U.S. 7th army, took control of the German
cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart.
(AP, 4/20/97)(HN, 4/20/98)
1945 Apr 20, American forces
liberated Buchenwald. 350 Americans were imprisoned at Berga, a
sub-camp of Buchenwald, following their Dec, 1944, capture at the
Battle of the Bulge. Charles Guggenheim's (d.2002) last documentary
film was title "Berga." [see Apr 10-11]
(WSJ, 5/28/03, p.D8)
1945 Apr 20, US forces
conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa.
1945 Apr 20, Soviet troops
began their attack on Berlin.
(HFA, '96, p.28)(HN, 4/20/98)
1946 Apr 20, 1st baseball game
telecast was in Chicago with the Cards vs. Cubs.
1948 Apr 20, United Auto
Workers president Walter P. Reuther was shot and wounded at his home
in Detroit. [see Apr 14]
1949 Apr 20, Jockey Bill
Shoemaker won his 1st race, in Albany, California.
1949 Apr 20, Scientists at the
Mayo Clinic announced they'd succeeded in synthesizing a hormone
found to be useful in treating rheumatoid arthritis; the substance
was named "cortisone."
1951 Apr 20, Gen. MacArthur
addressed a joint session of Congress after being relieved by
1953 Apr 20, Operation Little
Switch began in Korea, the exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of
1958 Apr 20, The last Key
System train left San Francisco for Oakland. Ferry service from the
SF Ferry Building ended when the Southern Pacific "Eureka" made its
last crossing to Oakland. Train tracks were taken off the lower deck
of the Bay Bridge and the lanes were paved in for car traffic.
(SFC, 8/10/98, p.A5)(SFC, 9/4/98, p.A25)(SFC,
8/7/07, p.A6)(SFC, 4/18/08, p.B1)
1959 Apr 20, British ballerina
Margot Fonteyn (1919-1991)) was arrested and briefly detained in a
Panama prison. She and her diplomat husband, Roberto Arias, had
sought Fidel Castro's help in a revolution that failed because of a
last-minute blunder. Fonteyn, born Peggy Hookham, went on to reach
even greater creative heights through her acclaimed partnership with
Russian dancer Rudolf Nureyev. She returned to Panama with her
husband years later and died there.
1961 Apr 20, American Harold
Graham made 1st rocket belt flight.
1962 Apr 20, New Orleans
Citizens Committee gave a free one-way ride to blacks to move North.
1962 Apr 20, NASA civilian
pilot Neil A. Armstrong took the X-15 to 63,250 m.
1962 Apr 20, The Secret Army
Organization (OAS) leader and ex-general Salan was arrested in
(MC, 4/20/02)(PCh, 1992, p.984)
1964 Apr 20, August Sander
(b.1876), German photographer, died. He attempted to make a complete
portrait survey of 20th century German society. His “Face of Our
Time," a volume of 60 photographs, was published in 1929.
6/3/04, p.D8)(Econ, 8/29/09, p.74)
1967 Apr 20, U.S. planes bombed
Haiphong for first time during the Vietnam War.
1968 Apr 20, Pierre Elliott
Trudeau was sworn in as prime minister of Canada. He succeeded
Lester B. Pierson.
1970 Apr 20, Paul Celan (49),
Romania born poet, drowned himself in the Seine. English
translations of his poems were published in 2001.
(SSFC, 4/1/01, BR p.5)
1971 Apr 20, The US Supreme
Court, in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, upheld
the use of busing to achieve racial desegregation in schools. The
ruling allowed Charlotte, NC., and other cities nationwide to use
mandatory busing and student assignment based on race to attempt to
further integrate schools. The case arose in 1965 when a black
parent, James E. Swann, challenged the system that kept Charlotte's
black students apart from the white majority. In 2001 an appeals
court ruled that the dual school system was dismantled and busing
could end. A failed appeal to the Supreme Court ended the case in
p.D1)(AP, 4/20/07)(SFC, 4/16/02, p.A3)
1972 Apr 20, The manned lunar
module from Apollo 16 landed on the moon.
1977 Apr 20, The film "Annie
Hall" premiered. Diane Keaton starred in the Woody Allen film Annie
Hall. It was rated #31 by the Amer. Film Inst. in 1998.
1977 Apr 20, The US Supreme
Court, in Wooley v. Maynard, said car owners could refuse to display
state mottoes on license plates. The Court ruled that "Live Free or
Die" may be covered on NH license plates.
1978 Apr 20, A South Korean Air
Lines Boeing 707 crash-landed in northwestern Russia. Flight 902 was
fired on by a Soviet interceptor after entering Soviet airspace. 107
passengers and crew survived after the plane made an emergency
landing on a frozen lake and 2 passengers were killed.
1979 Apr 20, Howard K. Smith
(d.2002) resigned as news analyst for ABC over the curtailment of
(SFC, 2/19/02, p.A14)(http://tinyurl.com/384oxz)
1980 Apr 20, The first Cubans
sailing to the United States as part of the massive Mariel boatlift
(SFC,12/13/97, p.A14)(AP, 9/26/97)(AP, 4/20/00)
1981 Apr 20, The final
performance of TV show "Soap" aired.
1983 Apr 20, Pres. Reagan
signed a $165B bail out for Social Security.
1984 Apr 20, Julie Connell
(18), a senior at Arroyo High School, disappeared in Hayward. Her
body was found 5 days later in Palomares Canyon near Castro Valley.
In 2000 DNA evidence revealed that Robert Rhoades (47), a Yuba City
man on death row, had kidnapped, raped and stabbed her to death.
(SFC, 1/26/00, p.A14)(SFC, 3/13/07, p.B3)
1986 Apr 20, The Atlas Star, a
double-decker ferry, sank in stormy weather in Bangladesh. 500
passengers were feared drowned.
1986 Apr 20, Following an
absence of six decades, Russian-born pianist Vladimir Horowitz
performed in the Soviet Union to a packed audience at the Grand Hall
of the Tchaikovsky Conservatory in Moscow.
1987 Apr 20, The United States
deported Karl Linnas to the Soviet Union, where he had been
convicted in absentia of Nazi war crimes and faced a death sentence.
Linnas, who maintained his innocence, died of heart disease in
Leningrad the following July.
1987 Apr 20, In Florida the new
Sunshine Skyway Bridge, connecting Tampa and St. Petersburg, opened.
The original 1954 bridge had collapsed following a ship collision in
(SFC, 3/1/14, p.D1)
1988 Apr 20, The US Senate
passed the Civil Liberties Act, a measure providing $20,000 payments
to Japanese-Americans interned by the US government during World War
II. Pres. Reagan signed it on Aug 10.
(AP, 8/10/97)(SSFC, 4/21/13, DB p.46)
1988 Apr 20, Gunmen who had
hijacked a Kuwait Airways jumbo jet were allowed safe passage out of
Algeria. An agreement also freed the remaining 31 hostages and ended
a 15-day siege in which two passengers were slain.
1988 Apr 20, Hector Felix, a
muckraking Mexican journalist, was murdered. He had dubbed Jorge
Hank, owner of the Tijuana Agua Caliente Racetrack, as “the
Abominable Snowman" for a reputed cocaine habit.
1989 Apr 20, Ramon Salcido, a
California winery worker later convicted of killing six relatives
and a co-worker, was deported from Mexico to the U.S.
1989 Apr 20, The case of Oliver
North went to the jury in his Iran-Contra trial.
1990 Apr 20, Former junk bond
financier Michael Milken agreed to plead guilty to six felonies and
pay $600 million in penalties to settle the largest securities fraud
case in history.
1990 Apr 20, Pete Rose pleaded
guilty to two felony counts of filing false income tax returns.
1991 Apr 20, US Marines landed
in northern Iraq to begin building the first center for Kurdish
refugees on Iraqi territory. General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, the US
commander of Operation Desert Storm, left Saudi Arabia for home.
1992 Apr 20, Defending champion
Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya became the sixth three-time winner of the
Boston Marathon, while Russia's Olga Markova won the women's
1992 Apr 20, The Russian
congress adopted a resolution affirming Russia's membership in the
Commonwealth of Independent States in a victory for President Boris
1993 Apr 20, President Clinton
said he accepted responsibility for the decision to try to end the
51-day siege at the Branch Davidian compound in Texas, yet laid
"ultimate responsibility" on David Koresh for the deaths that
1993 Apr 20, Mario Moreno (81),
Mexican comedian known as Cantinflas, died in Mexico City. His films
included "Around the World in 80 Days."
1994 Apr 20, Israeli and PLO
negotiators wrapped up an agreement transferring civilian government
powers to Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
1994 Apr 20, The Serbian army
bombed Gorazde, Bosnia, and the local hospital was hit.
1995 Apr 20, In the aftermath
of the Oklahoma City bombing, the FBI announced it was looking for
two men suspected of renting the truck used to carry the explosive;
rescue teams suspended the search for survivors so that the
remaining structure of the Alfred P. Murrah Building could be shored
1996 Apr 20, Russia and the
leaders of the world's seven richest democracies agreed in Moscow to
end nuclear tests by the fall and pledged new steps to keep nuclear
materials out of the wrong hands.
1997 Apr 20, In Atlanta, Ga.,
Timmie Sinclair (27) was beaten by police officers in a scene that
was captured on videotape and showed excessive use of force and
(SFC, 5/13/97, p.A6)
1997 Apr 20, An article in the
Astrophysics Journal identified some of the missing matter (dark
matter) of the universe as ionized hydrogen and helium gas spread
out between the galaxies. The atoms were stripped of their electrons
early in the formation of the universe.
(SFEC, 4/21/97, p.A3)
1997 Apr 20, Lameck Aguta of
Kenya won the Boston Marathon with a time of 2:10:34. Ethiopia’s
Fatuma Roba won the women’s best time at 2:26:24.
(WSJ, 4/22/97, p.A1)
1997 Apr 20, Israeli Prime
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu escaped indictment in an
influence-peddling scandal, with prosecutors saying they lacked
1997 Apr 20, Hwang Jang Yop,
the highest-ranking North Korean to defect, arrived in South Korea,
ending a 67-day odyssey that began in China.
1998 Apr 20, In an unusual use
of a racketeering law designed to fight the mob, a federal jury in
Chicago ruled that anti-abortion protest organizers had used threats
and violence to shut down clinics. However, the US Supreme Court
ruled in February 2003 that federal racketeering and extortion laws
were wrongly used to try to stop blockades, harassment and violent
protests outside clinics.
1998 Apr 20, The Goldman
Environmental Awards were presented in SF. The prizes were increased
to $100,000 from $75,000. Berita Kuwar U’wa (44) of Columbia won for
leading the U’wa tribe’s struggle against Occidental Petroleum; Kory
Johnson (19) of Phoenix won for organizing Children for a Safe
Environment; Sven “Bobby" Peek (31) of South Africa won for fighting
for the rights of poor people in industrialized South Durban; Anna
Giordano (32) of Italy for her campaign against illegal hunting of
birds in Sicily and southern Italy; Atherton Martin (52) for his
work against a copper mine in Dominica; and Hirofumi Yamashita (64)
for fighting against the conversion of tidal flats to farmland on
Ishaya Bay on Kyushu.
(SFC, 4/20/98, p.A8)
1998 Apr 20, Moses Tanui of
Kenya won the 102nd Boston Marathon in 2 hrs, 7 min. and 43 sec.
Fatuma Roba of Ethiopia won among the women in 2:23:21.
(WSJ, 4/21/98, p.A1)
1998 Apr 20, A report was
published that suggested that the drug raloxifene, sold by Eli Lilly
as Evista, can prevent breast cancer in addition to tamoxifen. Both
synthetic drugs block the action of estrogen.
(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A7)
1998 Apr 20, A poll of 400
scientists indicated that 7 of 10 believed that a “mass extinction"
is under way, and that one-fifth of all living species could
disappear within 30 years.
(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A7)
1998 Apr 20, In Columbia a
Boeing 727 leased to Air France crashed after takeoff from Bogota
and all 53 people aboard were killed.
(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A12)(AP, 4/20/99)
1998 Apr 20, In Nigeria the
last of 5 government-sanctioned parties agreed to back Sani Abacha
in the presidential elections. the government gave each party
$250,000 for its convention.
(SFC, 4/21/98, p.A13)
1998 Apr 20, Three Russian
security agents met at a guest house outside Moscow to make an
extraordinary video in which they claimed their bosses had ordered
them to kill, kidnap and frame prominent Russians. In 2006 Alexander
Litvinenko, one of the 3 agents on the tape, was poisoned with a
rare radioactive isotope in London.
(AP, 5/23/07)(WSJ, 5/23/07, p.A14)
1998 Apr 20, Turkmenistan Pres.
Saparmurat Niyazov visited the US and planned to discuss oil and gas
(WSJ, 4/20/98, p.B7D)
1999 Apr 20, Jay Scott
Ballinger (36), arrested in Feb., was indicted on charges of burning
10 churches in Indiana and Georgia.
(SFC, 4/21/99, p.A7)
1999 Apr 20, In New Jersey
Attorney Gen'l. Peter Verniero acknowledged that state troopers had
engaged in racial profiling to target minority motorists.
(SFC, 4/21/99, p.A7)
1999 Apr 20, In Littleton,
Colo., 2 Columbine High School students, students Eric Harris (18)
and Dylan Klebold (17), used guns and explosives to randomly kill 12
other students and one teacher before killing themselves: Cassie
Bernall, Corey DePooter, Kelly Fleming, Matthew Kechter, Daniel
Mauser, Daniel Rohrbough, Rachel Scott, Isaiah Shoels, John Tomlin,
Lauren Townsend, Kyle Velasquez and teacher William "Dave" Sanders,
were killed by Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold. They wounded 28 other
students and were part of a small clique that identified themselves
as the "Trench Coat Mafia." 30 homemade bombs attributed to Harris
and Klebold were found at the school. Harris and Klebold had both
worked at the Blackjack Pizza No. 2025. Klebold and Harris recorded
5 videos prior to the shooting in which they spoke of a bloodbath
with hundreds killed. In 2001 it was reported that Daniel Rohrbough
was shot and killed by police. An independent investigation in 2002
cleared the police. In 2004 it was reported that local police had 15
contacts with Harris and Klebold prior to the massacre.
(SFC, 4/21/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/21/99, A1)(SFC,
4/22/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/23/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/13/99, p.A3)(SFC,
12/28/01, p.A9)(SFC, 4/18/02, p.A4)(WSJ, 2/27/04, p.A1)
1999 Apr 20, NATO bombing
continued in Yugoslavia. The UN refugee agency in Macedonia declared
its camps full beyond capacity and left 2,000 to 3,000 refugees at
the border. Another few thousand crossed the border to the hamlet of
Milana. The border with Albania was again opened but only a few
(SFC, 4/21/99, p.A1,10)
1999 Apr 20, Bulgaria and
Romania offered to let NATO use their airspace to bomb Yugoslavia.
(WSJ, 4/21/99, A22)
1999 Apr 20, Russia defaulted
on $1.3 billion Ministry of Finance bonds.
(SFC, 4/21/99, p.A13)
1999 Apr 20, In South Africa
the police beating of 4 carjacking suspects was broadcast over TV.
One suspect died from the beating and the officers were suspended
and put under criminal investigation.
(SFC, 4/21/99, p.A13)
2000 Apr 20, Littleton,
Colorado, paused to remember the victims on the first anniversary of
the Columbine High School massacre.
2000 Apr 20, In Chechnya Pres.
Maskhadov told a Russian news agency that he had declared a
unilateral cease-fire. Maskhadov later said his remarks meant that
fighting would stop only if both sides agreed to stop fighting and
negotiate a settlement.
(WSJ, 4/21/00, p.A1)(SFC, 4/25/00, p.A10)
2000 Apr 20, In China the
Communist party announced that Cheng Kejie, a deputy chairman in the
national legislature, was expelled and charged with amassing $4.5
million in bribes and kickbacks.
(SFC, 4/21/00, p.A20)
2000 Apr 20, In Italy the
center-left parties closed ranks behind Treasury Minister Giuliano
Amato following the resignation of Prime Minister Massimo D’Alema.
(WSJ, 4/21/00, p.A1)
2000 Apr 20, In Slovakia police
arrested former Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar for paying
unauthorized bonuses to Cabinet members during his 5 years in
office. He was released after several hours.
(SFC, 4/21/00, p.A18)
2001 Apr 20, President Bush
attended his first international summit as leaders of the Western
Hemisphere's 34 democracies met in Quebec to advance plans to create
the world's largest free-trade zone; police in riot gear clashed
with protesters. Protestors pushed to interrupt the Summit of the
Americas and held that the free trade efforts put corporate
interests ahead of workers, human rights and the environment.
(SFC, 4/21/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/20/02)
2001 Apr 20, Two therapists
were convicted in Golden, Colo., of reckless child abuse in a young
girl's suffocation death during a "rebirthing" therapy session.
Connell Watkins and Julie Ponder were later sentenced to 16 years in
2001 Apr 20, Yasser Arafat
proposed that he and Ariel Sharon simultaneously call for an end
(SFC, 4/21/01, p.A12)
2001 Apr 20, In Peru an air
force jet shot down a Cessna 185 carrying US missionaries. Veronica
Bowers (35) and her infant daughter, Charity, were killed when the
plane crash landed in the Amazon River. The plane was identified by
a US surveillance plane and was believed to be trafficking in
(SFC, 4/21/01, p.A12)(SFC, 4/22/01, p.D1)(AP,
2001 Apr 20-21, The 13th annual
National Youth Service Day called on youths and adult volunteers to
help make their schools and communities better.
(SSFC, 4/15/01, Par p.4)
2002 Apr 20, Representatives of
the Group of Seven countries, meeting in Washington, agreed to
intensify efforts to combat terrorist financing and also adopted a
plan to better deal with international debt crises.
2002 Apr 20, A US Navy F-4
crashed during an air show at Ventura, Ca., and its 2 crew members
(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A29)
2002 Apr 20, Eiman Judeh, a
Palestinian gunman, was shot and killed by Israeli soldiers at the
Erez Checkpoint, Gaza, after he killed border guard, Uriel Ben
(SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A1)
2002 Apr 20, Sudanese
government forces began a major offensive against 3 southern
provinces to oust the rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Army. Rebels
said hundreds of thousands of people were displaced.
(SFC, 4/24/02, p.A)
2002 Apr 20, In Vietnam a fire,
raging for weeks, was reported to have destroyed half of U Minh
National Park in Kien Giang province. Extended drought was blamed.
(SFC, 4/20/02, p.A24)
2003 Apr 20, An Australian navy
vessel boarded a North Korean ship off Sydney and charged it with
involvement in a $48 million heroin shipment to Victoria.
(WSJ, 4/22/03, A1)
2003 Apr 20, After reporting a
nearly tenfold increase in SARS cases in the capital, China
announced the sacking of its top health official and the capital's
mayor from key Communist Party positions. The number of infections
in Beijing soared from 37 to 346.
2003 Apr 20, Chechen rebels
opened fire on Russian troops, killing 7 soldiers and wounding 7
2003 Apr 20, In Colombia the
army said it killed 16 members of the FARC (Revolutionary Armed
Forces of Colombia) in eastern Antioquia state.
2003 Apr 20, It was reported
that the US planned a long-term military relationship with the
emerging government in Iraq to include access to military bases in
the region. US Army forces took control of Baghdad from the Marines
in a changing of the guard that thinned the military presence in the
capital. Celebrating Easter, the Reverend Emmanuel Delly, a longtime
Iraqi bishop, pleaded for safeguards against the persecution of
Christians in the new Iraq.
(SSFC, 4/20/03, p.A3)(AP, 4/20/04)
2003 Apr 20, Jamal Mustafa
Abdallah Sultan al-Tikriti (9 of clubs), son-in-law to Saddam
Hussein and former deputy head of Iraq's tribal affairs office, left
Syria and surrendered to members of the Iraqi National Congress.
2003 Apr 20, In southern
Kyrgyzstan a landslide swept through a village, killing 38 people.
2003 Apr 20, In northern Laos
gunmen opened fire at a bus, killing at least 12 people and injuring
30 others, in an attack officials with the communist government
blamed on Hmong rebels.
2004 Apr 20, The US Labor Dept.
established new rules on overtime pay. It expanded the range for
lower income workers and put a ceiling on overtime for higher income
(WSJ, 4/21/04, p.D1)
2004 Apr 20, The US federal
government agreed to settle a civil suit filed by leaders of Earth
First following an FBI arrest in Oakland May 24, 1990. Darryl
Cherney and the estate of Judi Bari expected to receive $2 million.
(SFC, 4/23/04, p.B1)
2004 Apr 20, A US federal
commission said oceans of the US are in dire shape due to pollution
and over fishing.
(WSJ, 4/21/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 20, An Oregon judge
ordered a halt to same sex marriages. He also ordered official
recognition of marriages already held in Multnomah County.
(SFC, 4/21/04, p.A3)
2004 Apr 20, Karen Jurgensen,
the editor of USA Today, resigned following charges of fabrication
and fraud against foreign correspondent Jack Kelley.
(Econ, 4/24/04, p.66)
2004 Apr 20, WorldCom emerged
from bankruptcy renamed as MCI.
(WSJ, 2/18/05, p.A1)
2004 Apr 20, The NASA Gravity
Probe B satellite, designed by Stanford researchers, was launched to
test Einstein's General Theory of Relativity.
(SFC, 4/21/04, p.A7)
2004 Apr 20, A tornado hit
Utica, Ill., and 8 people were killed in the basement of a tavern.
(SFC, 4/22/04, p.A6)(WSJ, 4/22/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 20, Afghanistan
carried out its first execution since the fall of the hardline
Taliban, putting a bullet to the head of a former military commander
convicted of more than 20 murders. "During his detention, Abdullah
Shah reportedly revealed first hand evidence against several
regional commanders currently in positions of power against whom no
charges have been brought."
2004 Apr 20, In Argentina a
federal judge issued an international arrest warrant for former
President Carlos Menem who has refused to appear for questioning in
a corruption probe.
2004 Apr 20, British PM Tony
Blair said he would put a new European Union constitution to a
nationwide vote. No date was set.
2004 Apr 20, China urged North
Korean leader Kim Jong Il to rethink his demands for a written U.S.
pledge not to attack, saying only a softer line can ease the
standoff over Pyongyang's nuclear program.
2004 Apr 20, Yang Xiuzhu,
former vice-mayor of Wenzhou and vice-director of the Zhejiang
Provincial Construction Bureau, fled abroad as investigations began
on bribery charges. She was believed to have taken bribes of 253.2
million yuan (US$30 million).
(http://tinyurl.com/aza8m)(Econ, 6/4/05, p.42)
2004 Apr 20, Chinese state
media reported that from April last year, about 50 to 60 infants
died from malnutrition after being fed a milk formula with virtually
no nutritional value.
(AP, 4/20/04)(SFC, 4/21/04, p.A8)
2004 Apr 20, Gen. Jose Miguel
Soto Jimenez said the Dominican Republic will pull its troops out of
Iraq early, in the next few weeks, following the lead of Spain and
2004 Apr 20, Elections began in
India for the 1st of 5 stages culminating May 10. India's general
elections implemented the use of computerized voting machines.
(WSJ, 4/19/04, p.A1)(AP, 4/22/04)
2004 Apr 20, Indonesia's Golkar
Party chose ex-Gen. Wiranto as its presidential candidate. He was
indicted by the UN for human-rights abuses in East Timor in 1999.
(WSJ, 4/21/04, p.A1)
2004 Apr 20, In Iraq a barrage
of 18 mortars hit a Baghdad jail, killing 21 prisoners.
2004 Apr 20, Authorities in
southern Italy reported that they had seized about 7,500 Kalashnikov
assault rifles and other combat-grade firearms from a
Turkish-flagged ship headed for New York. The weapons were destined
for a company in the U.S. state of Georgia.
2004 Apr 20, In Jordan police
shot and killed three suspected terrorists who were believed to have
planned to detonate a bomb that would have flattened a large part of
the capital Amman.
2004 Apr 20, Palestinians fired
a barrage of homemade rockets and mortar shells at Gaza Strip
settlements and towns inside Israel in retaliation for the killing
of Hamas leader Abdel Aziz Rantisi. Over two days, 15 Qassam rockets
hit Israeli targets, wounding one Israeli and damaging at least five
structures. Israeli soldiers raided the Gaza neighborhood where some
of the rockets originated, killing 5 Palestinians, among them 3
militants, and wounding 21 others.
(AP, 4/20/04)(SFC, 4/21/04, p.A12)
2004 Apr 20, Palestinian
militants stormed a Palestinian police station in Gaza City and
released three men with possible links to a deadly bombing of a U.S.
2005 Apr 20, Pres. Bush signed
new legislation to make individual bankruptcy more difficult.
(SFC, 4/21/05, p.A3)
2005 Apr 20, The US government
said consumer prices jumped 0.6 percent in March, the biggest
inflation surge in 5 months, as the costs of energy, clothing and
airline fares all rose sharply. The DJIA fell 115.5 to 10,012.36.
(AP, 4/20/05)(SFC, 4/21/05, p.C1)
2005 Apr 20, The NYSE, in a
move toward computerized trading, agreed to buy Archipelago Holdings
of Chicago in a reverse merger. The new company, to be called NYSE
Group was valued at $3.5 billion.
(WSJ, 4/21/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 20, Gov. Jodi Rell
signed legislation making Connecticut the 2nd state after Vermont to
offer civil unions to gay couples.
(SFC, 4/21/05, p.A3)
2005 Apr 20, An air tanker
Lockheed P-3 Orion crashed in California’s Lassen National Forest
killing 3 crew members during a training run. A report in 2006 was
unable to determine the cause of the crash.
(SFC, 4/22/05, p.B3)(SFC, 9/5/06, p.B1)
2005 Apr 20, In Afghanistan 2
former Taliban leaders joined a reconciliation drive that American
commanders hope will undermine a three-year-old insurgency.
2005 Apr 20, Ecuador’s
100-member Congress voted 60 to 0 to remove President Lucio
Gutierrez from office amid street protests calling for his ouster
for abuse of power and misrule. Brazil granted asylum to Gutierrez.
Alfredo Palacio, a heart surgeon and Ecuador's vice president,
assumed the presidency.
(SFC, 4/21/05, p.A3)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.37)
2005 Apr 20, Pernod, French
spirits producer, announced the $14 billion purchase of Britain’s
(Econ, 4/23/05, p.62)
2005 Apr 20, Haiti's former
national police commander agreed to plead guilty to two of eight
counts in a federal indictment accusing him of smuggling drugs and
2005 Apr 20, Iraq’s President
Jalal Talabani said the bodies of more than 50 people have been
recovered from the Tigris River and have been identified. The bodies
were believed to have been those of hostages seized in the Madain
(Madaen) region earlier this month.
(AP, 4/20/05)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.19)
2005 Apr 20, Italian Premier
Silvio Berlusconi said he would step down but pledged to form a new
government, an attempt to strengthen a coalition left weakened by
electoral defeat and concerns over a slow economy.
2005 Apr 20, Mexican
prosecutors charged Mexico City's popular leftist mayor with abuse
of authority in a case that could knock him out of the 2006
(AP, 4/21/05)(WSJ, 4/21/05, p.A1)
2005 Apr 20, Oxfam reported
that Vietnam’s Red River was at its lowest point for 100 years, and
if the drought persisted beyond May then significant numbers of
people will need food aid.
2005 Apr 20, In his first Mass
as pontiff, Pope Benedict XVI pledged to work for unity among
Christians and to seek an open and sincere dialogue'' with other
2006 Apr 20, Pres. Bush
welcomed Chinese President Hu Jintao to the White House as the two
leaders embarked on talks aimed at cooling tensions over a yawning
US-China trade gap. Bush urged Hui Jintao to make trade concessions,
improve human rights and exert more influence over North Korea. The
2 leaders broke no new ground on sensitive issues.
(AP, 4/20/06)(SFC, 4/21/06, p.A1)
2006 Apr 20, The CIA fired Mary
McCarthy, a top intelligence analyst, who admitted leaking
classified information about a network of secret CIA prisons. She
had provided information that contributed to a Washington Post story
last year disclosing secret US prisons in Eastern Europe.
2006 Apr 20, John Negroponte,
US National Intelligence Director, said the US employs almost
100,000 people in 16 federal departments and agencies dealing with
(SFC, 4/21/06, p.A18)
2006 Apr 20, America’s FDA
issued a statement saying that smoked marijuana has no accepted
medical use in treatment in the US. Medicinal use of marijuana was
well established around the world.
(Econ, 4/29/06, p.83)
2006 Apr 20, Arkansas
Republican Governor Mike Huckabee signed a $1.10 state minimum wage
increase into law to be effective Oct 1. The previous minimum was at
the federal standard of $5.15 per hour.
2006 Apr 20, Georgia’s Gov.
Sonny Perdue signed a bill into law that offered
government-sanctioned elective classes on the Bible in public high
schools. He also signed a bill permitting the display of the Ten
Commandments at courthouses.
(SFC, 4/21/06, p.A3)
2006 Apr 20, In Columbus,
Kansas, 5 teenage boys were arrested for threatening to carry out a
shooting spree at their high school on the anniversary of the
(SFC, 4/25/06, p.A3)
2006 Apr 20, In SF federal and
local agents raided a chapter of the Hells Angels in the Dogpatch
neighborhood of Potrero Hill. They found a pound of methamphetamine.
Agents targeted 16 locations including Livermore and San Mateo
County recovering weapons and a total of 6 pounds of
(SFC, 4/21/06, p.B1)
2006 Apr 20, Oil jumped to a
fresh record high above $74 a barrel after a steep drop in US
gasoline inventories fueled fears of tight summer supplies at a time
of growing anxiety over Iran's exports.
2006 Apr 20, Scott Crossfield,
the hotshot test pilot who in 1953 became the first man to fly at
twice the speed of sound, was killed in the crash of his small plane
2006 Apr 20, Stanley Hiller Jr.
(b.1925), boy-wonder and helicopter pioneer, died in California.
(SSFC, 4/23/06, p.B7)
2006 Apr 20, Suspected Taliban
militants killed six Afghan policemen in Afghanistan's volatile
south and burned four of their bodies. US military said a soldier
was killed in a clash while inspecting a weapons cache in the
central Uruzgan province's district of Dihrawud.
2006 Apr 20, The Belgian
parliament narrowly approved a bill to grant same-sex couples equal
rights in adoption. Belgium became the fourth European Union member
state to allow same-sex couples equal rights in adoption, after
Spain, the Netherlands and Sweden.
2006 Apr 20, China denied it is
engaged in industrial espionage in Canada, calling accusations by
Ottawa's foreign minister baseless and irresponsible.
2006 Apr 20, In northeastern
Colombia leftist rebels ambushed a military convoy, killing 16
soldiers and secret police officers in the deadliest attack on
security forces this year.
2006 Apr 20, In northeastern
India a bus carrying wedding guests veered off a road and plunged
into a lake, killing at least 64 people. Another bus crash later in
the day killed at least 15 people.
(AP, 4/20/06)(AP, 4/21/06)
2006 Apr 20, Bowing to intense
pressure, Iraqi Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari agreed to abandon
his claim to another term.
2006 Apr 20, In Mexico a
violent confrontation between 800 federal and state police agents
and more than 500 striking steelworkers left two workers dead and
dozens of workers and police agents injured at the Siderurgica
Lazaro Cardenas-Las Truchas, SA (Sicartsa) steel plant in the port
city of Lazaro Cardenas in the state of Michoacan. The decapitated
heads of two police officials were found dumped in front of a
government building in Acapulco.
2006 Apr 20, Nepalese police
opened fire on thousands of pro-democracy protesters marching toward
the capital in defiance of a government-imposed curfew, killing at
least three and wounding dozens.
2006 Apr 20, Militants ambushed
a convoy of Pakistani troops in a northwestern tribal region near
the Afghan border, killing seven soldiers and wounding 22. A
suspected foreign Islamic militant linked to al-Qaida and a security
official were killed in a gunfight at a roadblock near Afghan
2006 Apr 20, Tamil Tiger rebels
announced they were indefinitely postponing talks aimed at saving a
truce with the Sri Lankan government as 4 more people were killed in
2007 Apr 20, Vermont senators
voted to call for the impeachment of President Bush and Vice
President Dick Cheney, saying their actions have raised "serious
questions of constitutionality."
2007 Apr 20, In NYC 13 people
were indicted on charges stemming from their roles in a credit card
fraud. Waiters in about 40 restaurants, in New York and as well
eateries in Florida, New Hampshire, New Jersey and Connecticut, had
quietly recorded customers' credit card information and passed it on
to people who used the information to make more than $3 million
worth of worth of illegal purchases. The conspirators had operated
from November 2005 until this week.
2007 Apr 20, The American
Economic Association announced that Susan Athey (36), professor at
Harvard, had won the John Bates Clark medal. This prestigious honor
was awarded every 2 years to the nation’s most promising economist
under age 40.
(WSJ, 4/21/07, p.A1)
2007 Apr 20, The family of
Virginia Tech gunman Seung-Hui Cho, who shot and killed 32 people
and himself, said they felt ‘‘hopeless, helpless and lost,’’ and
‘‘never could have envisioned that he was capable of so much
2007 Apr 20, Andrew Hill
(b.1931), jazz pianist, died in New Jersey.
(SFC, 4/23/07, p.B6)
2007 Apr 20, William Phillips,
a NASA contract worker, shot and killed David Beverly, a NASA civil
servant, and then killed himself at the Johnson Space Center in
(SFC, 4/21/07, p.A3)
2007 Apr 20, A purported
Taliban statement demanded the release of a number of the group's
fighters and the withdrawal of French troops from Afghanistan in
exchange for the freedom of two kidnapped French aid workers. In
southern Afghanistan separate explosions killed two NATO soldiers. A
Dutch soldier was killed in one explosion, the first fatality from
hostile action among Dutch troops serving with NATO forces in the
(AP, 4/20/07)(AP, 4/21/07)
2007 Apr 20, Bolivia’s military
retook control of a natural gas pipeline to Argentina after days of
violent protests at gas installations in southern Bolivia. More than
1,000 protesters had seized the Yacuiba pipeline station run by
Transredes, a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell. The disturbances
killed at least one person and wounded dozens more.
2007 Apr 20, Eight workers went
missing after a fire swept through a fish-processing ship off
southern Chile, killing one person. 116 members of the Hercules'
crew were rescued.
2007 Apr 20, Bishop Fu Tieshan
(76), the hard-line chairman of the state-sanctioned Catholic
Church, died. He sparred had with the Vatican over China's
insistence on appointing its own bishops. An upsurge of gas in a
coal mine killed 11 miners in the Tao'er Coal Mine in Handan, an
industrial city in Hebei province.
(AP, 4/21/07)(AP, 4/24/07)
2007 Apr 20, Final results from
a nationwide referendum showed an overwhelming majority of
Ecuadoreans supported President Rafael Correa's push for a special
assembly to rewrite the constitution.
2007 Apr 20, German Defence
Minister Franz Josef Jung arrived in South Korea to discuss the
proposed sale of second-hand Patriot missiles and other military
2007 Apr 20, It was reported
that German researchers had discovered a natural anti-HIV factor.
The 20 amino acid peptide chain blocked multiple strains of HIV.
(SFC, 4/20/07, p.A7)
2007 Apr 20, AIDA, Germany’s
largest cruise line, christened the new 2,050 passenger AIDAdiva in
the Hamburg harbor.
(SFC, 4/21/07, p.A5)
2007 Apr 20, Thousands of mine
workers in Indonesia's remote Papua province protested for a third
day as marathon talks with US firm Freeport McMoRan over pay and
benefits showed signs of progress.
2007 Apr 20, Clashes erupted
between gunmen and US and Iraqi forces around a Shiite mosque in
western Baghdad before Friday prayers, and two suspected insurgents
were killed. US forces killed eight suspected insurgents and
captured 41 in several raids across Iraq. A roadside bombing in
Diwaniyah killed a Polish soldier.
(AP, 4/20/07)(AP, 4/21/07)
2007 Apr 20, Libya's National
Oil Corporation and US firm Dow Chemical announced a joint venture
to operate and expand the Ras Lanuf petrochemical complex in Libya.
2007 Apr 20, In Nigeria the
opposition said that troops have intercepted a truck-load of already
completed ballots a day before the presidential election,
heightening fears the vote will be rigged. A Nigerian navy
helicopter crashed in the country's south, killing its three crew
members. 7 policemen on election duty were ambushed and shot dead
near Karu town in central Nassarawa State.
(Reuters, 4/20/07)(AFP, 4/21/07)
2007 Apr 20, North Korea
restated its commitment to a landmark nuclear disarmament deal,
saying it would invite UN atomic inspectors and discuss shutting
down its bomb-making atomic reactor as soon as it confirmed the
release of its funds frozen in a banking dispute.
2007 Apr 20, In Paraguay
Japanese businessman Hirokazu Ota, the leader of Sun Myung Moon's
Unification Church in Paraguay, was freed following a 19-day
abduction and a 140,000-dollar ransom payment.
2007 Apr 20, In Somalia a local
human rights group said 3 days of fighting between Islamic
insurgents and Ethiopian troops backing the government has killed at
least 113 civilians.
2007 Apr 20, In Sri Lanka’s
northern district of Vavuniya troops on foot patrol fired at
suspected Tamil Tigers killing four rebels. A landmine explosion in
the northeastern district of Polonnaruwa killed two soldiers and
wounded two others.
2007 Apr 20, A Vatican
committee issued a report concluding that unbaptized babies who die
may go to heaven and not be stuck in Limbo, which “reflects an
unduly restrictive view of salvation."
(SFC, 4/21/07, p.A7)
2008 Apr 20, Pope Benedict XVI
held a Mass at Yankee Stadium on his last day in the US.
(WSJ, 4/21/08, p.A1)
2008 Apr 20,
The US Coast Guard recovered the bodies of 20 migrants, 19
Haitians and one Honduran, from the sea near the Bahamas after their
boat apparently capsized.
2008 Apr 20, In Emeryville,
Ca., Chad Clarke (38), a suspected marijuana dealer, was shot a
killed. In 2011 Anthony Ramirez (25) was convicted of the murder and
sentenced to 25 years in prison. Co-defendant Ricco Orlando Earl
(31) had testified against Ramirez and faced 12-16 years in prison.
(SFC, 8/24/11, p.C3)
2008 Apr 20, In eastern
Afghanistan a child was killed in a militant rocket attack on an
army base in Kunar province. 4 Taliban were killed in a gun battle
with Afghan security forces in Kandahar province.
2008 Apr 20, In Brazil Rev.
Adelir Antonio de Carli, a 41-year-old Roman Catholic priest, went
missing after he lifted off under hundreds of balloons from the port
city of Paranagua wearing a helmet, an aluminum thermal flight suit,
waterproof coveralls and a parachute. Tugboat workers discovered a
body off Rio de Janeiro in early July that authorities believed
belonged to the cleric. DNA confirmed that it was the body of the
(AP, 4/23/08)(AP, 7/29/08)
2008 Apr 20,
China unveiled a new draft food safety law that provides for
penalties of up to life imprisonment for people responsible for the
production of substandard food.
2008 Apr 20, The second and
final day of voting in Ethiopia's local and parliamentary polls was
held amid tight security. The 2 largest opposition parties boycotted
the elections saying intimidation had forced out over 17,000 of
(AP, 4/20/08)(WSJ, 4/21/08, p.A8)
2008 Apr 20, A Georgian
unmanned reconnaissance flight was shot down over the Georgian rebel
region of Abkhazia. The next day Georgia's air force commander said
a Russian fighter jet shot down the spy plane as it flew over
Abkhazia, but Russia said it had been shot down by separatist forces
and that the flight violated UN ceasefire agreements. A UN report on
May 26 said a Russian jet shot down the spy drone.
(Reuters, 4/22/08)(AP, 4/22/08)(SFC, 5/27/08,
2008 Apr 20, In Indonesia
several thousand hardline Muslims protested outside the presidential
palace in Jakarta demanding that Pres. Yudhoyono ban Ahmadiyah, an
unorthodox but moderate Muslim sect founded in India in the 19th
(Econ, 4/26/08, p.59)
2008 Apr 20,
US troops killed 12 militants during an "uptick" in fighting,
as fierce clashes broke out in Baghdad's Sadr City district after
radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr warned he will declare war if a
crackdown against his followers persists. 6 civilians, four men and
two boys ages 8 and 10, were killed in fighting in Sadr City after
midnight. An armed drone fired a Hellfire missile at a group of
gunmen killing all three. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
arrived in Baghdad for a trip she said was intended to promote fresh
political gains she sees to be flowing from the government-led
assaults on radical militias.
(AP, 4/20/08)(AP, 4/21/08)
2008 Apr 20,
Israeli airstrikes killed 2 more Hamas militants one day after
the group detonated two jeeps packed with hundreds of kilograms of
explosives on the Gaza border.
2008 Apr 20,
In Mauritius a conference of the 14-nation Southern African
Development Community (SADC) opened for talks on poverty and food
2008 Apr 20, In Pakistan gunmen
riding a motorcycle killed three paramilitary soldiers in an ambush
in the town of Hub.
2008 Apr 20,
A group of Palestinian refugees stranded on the Iraq-Syria
border since 2006 flew to Chile under a resettlement plan sponsored
by the Catholic Church in the South American country and the UN
agency for refugees.
2008 Apr 20,
Paraguay held elections. The Colorado Party, in office since
1947, had the longest current run of uninterrupted governance in
Latin America. Fernando Lugo (56), a former Roman Catholic bishop,
won over Blanca Ovelar, a protege of President Nicanor Duarte. She
had sought to become Paraguay's first woman president. 43 percent of
the country's 6.5 million people lived in poverty.
(AP, 4/20/08)(AP, 4/21/08)
2008 Apr 20, Russia closed down
a plutonium producing reactor in Seversk, marking a milestone in US
nuclear nonproliferation efforts.
2008 Apr 20, Pirates off the
Somali coast, armed with grenade launchers, stormed a Spanish tuna
fishing boat, the Playa de Bakio, with 26 crew members.
2008 Apr 20,
Sri Lankan forces killed a Roman Catholic priest who was also
a top human rights campaigner inside rebel-held territory, as
fighting raged in the troubled north.
2008 Apr 20, Zimbabwe announced
a delay in the partial recount of its disputed March 29 election.
The opposition accused the authorities of waging a "war" that has
killed 10 people and injured 500 others since disputed parliamentary
and presidential elections. The secretary general of the opposition
Movement for Democratic Change said 400 opposition supporters have
been detained in Zimbabwe following the elections.
2009 Apr 20, President Barack
Obama convened his first formal Cabinet meeting and asked department
and agency chiefs to look for ways over the next 90 days to cut $100
million out of the federal budget.
2009 Apr 20, New York-based
Human Rights Watch said gunmen with suspected links to Hamas
security forces in the Gaza Strip killed at least 32 Palestinians
and wounded dozens in attacks on political opponents and alleged
informers during and after Israel's recent war in the coastal
territory. The report said 18 Palestinians were killed by Hamas
during the three-week war, which ended Jan. 18, and 14 others were
2009 Apr 20, Chesapeake Energy
Corp. filed its proxy statement revealing a compensation package to
CEO Aubrey McClendon that totaled $112 million for 2008, even as the
company’s stock price tumbled.
(WSJ, 4/28/09, p.B1)
2009 Apr 20, In Florida 7 more
Venezuelan polo horses sickened just before a tournament died
overnight, raising the death toll to 21. Officials said they may
have been killed by some type of poison. On April 23 Franck’s
Pharmacy admitted to having prepared a generic version of Biodyl, a
vitamin supplement banned in the US, which was administered to all
the dead horses.
(AP, 4/20/09)(SFC, 4/24/09, p.A7)
2009 Apr 20, In Maryland a
Loyola college student, her visiting parents and younger sister were
found dead in a hotel room near Baltimore in an apparent murder
(WSJ, 4/22/09, p.A6)
2009 Apr 20, In Washington
state former Tacoma elementary school teacher Jennifer Rice (33) was
convicted of having sex with a student (10) and his brother (15).
(SFC, 4/21/09, p.A6)
2009 Apr 20, Chicago cancelled
a $2.52 billion deal to privatize Midway Airport after a winning
consortium failed to line up funding.
(WSJ, 4/21/09, p.B4)
2009 Apr 20, Oracle Corp.
snapped up computer server and software maker Sun Microsystems Inc.
for $7.4 billion. The opportunity opened up after rival IBM Corp.
abandoned an earlier bid to buy one of Silicon Valley's best known,
and most troubled companies.
2009 Apr 20, Benjamin F.
Edwards III (77), former president (1967-2001) of St. Louis-based
brokerage firm A.G. Edwards Inc., died. Under him the family firm
grew from fewer than 50 branches to nearly 700.
(WSJ, 4/25/09, p.A4)
2009 Apr 20, In southern
Afghanistan two police were killed and four others wounded during a
clash with insurgents in Zabul province. A roadside bomb in Uruzgan
province killed a civilian, while a second roadside bomb in eastern
Khost province killed two civilians.
2009 Apr 20, Thousands of
Tamils blocked some of London's busiest roads, demonstrating outside
the Houses of Parliament for an immediate ceasefire in the war
between Tamil rebels and Sri Lanka's government.
2009 Apr 20, British
pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline said it has agreed to buy
US-based skincare group Stiefel Laboratories in a deal worth up to
2.4 billion pounds ($3.6 billion).
2009 Apr 20, At the Shanghai
Motor Show Rolls Royce CEO Tom Purves announced that the company's
new model would be called Ghost.
(http://tinyurl.com/dfqycq)(Econ, 5/9/09, p.66)
2009 Apr 20, In Chile Gen.
Gonzalo Santelices, former head of the Santiago army garrison, was
indicted along with 2 other officers in the killing of 14 dissidents
in the early days of the dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet
(SFC, 4/21/09, p.A2)
2009 Apr 20, In China a new
English-language paper published by the Communist Party hit
newsstands, part of Beijing's efforts to raise its profile on the
global stage and find an international audience for the party line.
2009 Apr 20, Ecuador’s finance
minister Maria Elsa Viteri said the government will buy back about
$3.2 billion in Global 2012 and 2030 bonds, worth about 32% of
Ecuador's total foreign debt at a 70% discount, ending months of
speculation about a default. A government audit last year determined
that conditions surrounding the debt sale had left the bonds
"illegal and illegitimate," prompting President Rafael Correa to
order the refinancing.
2009 Apr 20, In southeast
France workers at a French subsidiary of the American company Molex
detained two bosses to protest plans to close the plant.
2009 Apr 20, In Iraq a suicide
bomber killed 3 Iraqi police officers and wounded eight US soldiers
visiting the mayor of Baqouba city. At least 9 civilians were also
(AP, 4/20/09)(SFC, 4/21/09, p.A4)
2009 Apr 20, In Mexico police
found a body in flames dumped along a main thoroughfare on the
outskirts the northern border city of Tijuana. The victim was found
with his head wrapped in packing tape, a common practice used by
drug smugglers against rivals.
2009 Apr 20, New Zealand's PM
John Key said that he wants an exit strategy before sending the
country's Special Air Service combat troops back to Afghanistan as
the US has requested.
2009 Apr 20, Nigerian pirates
attacked the Aleyna Mercan ship about 50 nautical miles off Onne
port, near the oil city of Port Harcourt. The vessel was delivering
equipment to French oil group Total. On April 22 the kidnappers
released the Turkish captain and the chief engineer.
2009 Apr 20, Pakistan's central
bank lowered the discount interest rate by one percentage point,
acknowledging that the economy in the poverty-stricken,
nuclear-armed nation was showing resilience. Pakistani security
forces shelled and launched airstrikes against Taliban in the South
Waziristan tribal region overnight, killing 4 civilians and 8
(AFP, 4/20/09)(AP, 4/20/09)
2009 Apr 20, Paraguay's Pres.
Fernando Lugo (57) was hit with another paternity claim, just a week
after the former Roman Catholic bishop acknowledged fathering a
different illegitimate child while still subject to his vows of
chastity. Benigna Leguizamon, an impoverished soap-seller, said
Lugo's previous admission inspired her to go public about her
2009 Apr 20, Vladimir Lukin,
Russia's parliament-appointed human rights ombudsman, presented an
annual report on human rights in Russia that included violations of
religious freedoms, prisoners' rights and freedom of political
expression. He said he is concerned about a growing number of claims
that police and judicial authorities committed abuses.
2009 Apr 20, Somali pirates in
two boats with about six pirates each attacked the Maltese-flagged
MV Atlantica, before the ship took evasive maneuvers and escaped in
the Gulf of Aden without damages or injury. Other pirates released a
Togo-flagged, Lebanese-owned ship after they found out it was
supposed to pick up food destined for Somalia. The MV Sea Horse was
hijacked April 14 with 19 crew as it headed to India to pick up more
than 7,300 tons of food destined for Somalia. The pirates also were
paid "a reward" of $100,000 by two Somali businessmen for freeing
the aid ship.
2009 Apr 20, Sri Lanka’s
military said some 35,000 civilians fled the last corner of
territory held by the Tamil Tigers, as the government warned the
rebels it would launch a final assault in 24 hours. According to
Tamil rebels 1,000 civilians died in a government raid on their
territory. The military denied the accusation saying only 17
civilians were killed and that they died in rebel suicide bombings.
Over the next 9 days some 114,520 civilians fled the area.
(AP, 4/20/09)(AP, 4/21/09)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.44)
2009 Apr 20, A south Sudan
district official said weekend clashes left more than 170 people
dead as armed fighters from the Murle ethnic group in remote Akobo
county in eastern Jonglei state attacked Lou Nuer villages.
2009 Apr 20, A UN racism
conference opened in Geneva. Iran’s Pres. Ahmadinejad accused Israel
of being the "most cruel and racist regime," sparking a walkout by
angry Western diplomats. The US, Australia, Canada, Germany, Israel,
Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand and Poland boycotted the conference
out of concern that it could be used by Muslim countries to
criticize Israel and to limit free speech when it comes to
criticizing their religion.
(AP, 4/19/09)(AP, 4/20/09)
2009 Apr 20, Zimbabwe's central
bank governor admitted that he took hard currency from the bank
accounts of private businesses and foreign aid groups without
permission, saying he was trying to keep his country's cash-strapped
2010 Apr 20, The US Supreme
Court struck down a federal law aimed at banning videos that show
graphic violence against animals, saying it violates the right to
2010 Apr 20, America’s
Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) approved the second of 2
exchanges that would allow trading of contracts based on films’
(Econ, 4/24/10, p.74)
2010 Apr 20, The space shuttle
Discovery landed in Florida ending its 15-day voyage to the int’l.
(SFC, 4/21/10, p.A8)
2010 Apr 20, An explosion and
fire damaged an oil rig and critically injured 7 people off the
coast of Louisiana leaving 11 workers missing in the Gulf of Mexico.
The Deepwater Horizon rig sank 2 days later. Officials feared as
much as 336,000 gallons of crude oil a day could be rising from the
sea floor nearly 5,000 feet below. On April 23 no oil appeared to be
leaking from the well head at the ocean floor, nor was any leaking
at the water's surface. On April 25 it was reported that some 1000
barrels per day were leaking from 2 conduit sources related to the
sunken oil rig. An internal investigation later said the deadly
blowout was triggered by a bubble of methane gas that escaped from
the well and shot up the drill column, expanding quickly as it burst
through several seals and barriers before exploding. In June it was
reported that BP had been trying to seal cracks in the Macondo well
more than 2 months before the explosion.
(AFP, 4/21/10)(AFP, 4/23/10)(AP, 4/25/10)(AP,
5/8/10)(SFC, 6/18/10, p.A13)
2010 Apr 20, Dorothy Height
(98), a longtime leader of the US civil rights movement and the
chairwoman of the National Council of Negro Women, died in
2010 Apr 20, Argentina's last
dictator, Reynaldo Bignone (82), was convicted and sentenced to 25
years in prison for kidnappings and torture during the nation's
1976-1983 military regime.
2010 Apr 20, A UN court
delivered a long-awaited ruling rejecting Argentina's claim that a
Uruguayan pulp mill pollutes their shared river. Both sides said the
decision by the International Court of Justice in the Netherlands
gave them what they need to resolve their differences, with
Argentina taking heart from a part of the ruling that said Uruguay
did not properly inform it about the project. Argentine activists
were still blocking the main bridge across the river and refused to
give up their fight. Activists in June voted to lift their four-year
(AP, 4/21/10)(AP, 6/17/10)
2010 Apr 20, Australia’s PM
Kevin Rudd said he had reached agreement with all but one of
Australia's states on major health reforms which he hopes will
spearhead his 2010 re-election campaign.
2010 Apr 20, Bolivia’s Pres.
Evo Morales said that men should stay away from eating chicken if
they want to maintain their hair and virility. He said chicken
producers inject the birds with female hormones. Producers in the
US, EU and other countries abandoned the use of hormones in poultry
several decades ago.
(SFC, 4/21/10, p.A2)
2010 Apr 20, Brazil speedily
awarded the tender for the controversial Belo Monte hydro-electric
dam projected to be the world's third-largest, despite fierce
opposition from environmentalists. The tender was awarded to Norte
Energia, a consortium led by Chesf, a subsidiary of the state
electricity company Electrobras, after a series of court injunctions
that had blocked and unblocked the auction process. The reservoir of
the dammed Xingu river will cover 516 square km. and leave scores of
(AFP, 4/20/10)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.34)
2010 Apr 20, Airplanes
gradually took to the skies after five days of being grounded by a
volcanic ash cloud that has devastated European travel. Only limited
flights were allowed to resume at some European airports and UK
authorities said London airports would remained closed for at least
another day due to new danger from the invisible ash cloud.
2010 Apr 20, Colombian Gen.
Fernando Joya and five other members of the military died in a
helicopter collision at a base in the nation's southwest.
2010 Apr 20, In Dagestan
assailants gunned down two traffic policemen who pulled over their
car in the provincial capital, Makhachkala.
2010 Apr 20, Ethiopia said that
it would go ahead with a new deal with six other countries on
sharing the waters of the Nile and accused Egypt of "dragging its
feet" on a more equitable treaty.
2010 Apr 20, In Honduras a
gunman fatally shot journalist Georgino Orellana (48) in the head as
he was leaving a television studio in the city of San Pedro Sula.
2010 Apr 20, India’s trade
ministry said it will launch a formal dispute against the EU at the
World Trade Organization (WTO) over EU seizures of Indian generic
2010 Apr 20, In Iran an
explosion in a car killed 2 people and wounded 8 in the western city
of Ilam. The car was not a gas-powered vehicle of the sort that has
seen a number of accidental explosions in recent years.
2010 Apr 20, Iraqi and US
troops killed Ahmed al-Obeidi (Ahmad Ali Abbas Dahir al-Ubayd), a
regional leader of al-Qaida in Iraq, in an early morning raid in the
northern province of Ninevah. Five family members of a local chief
of an anti-Qaeda militia were gunned down in their homes in
Tarmiyah, north of Baghdad, with the children also beheaded. A
police colonel and his driver were killed by a roadside bomb in the
western city of Hit, while 7 other policemen and 4 civilians were
injured in bombings in Ramadi and Baghdad.
(AP, 4/20/10)(AFP, 4/20/10)(SFC, 4/23/10, p.A2)
2010 Apr 20, Kyrgyzstan's
ousted president was in exile in Belarus, as the interim authorities
controlling the Kyrgyz capital warned he would be imprisoned if he
tried to return to the Central Asian country.
2010 Apr 20, In Malaysia ruling
party lawmaker Bung Mokhtar Radin (50) and actress Zizie Ezette A.
Samad, his second wife, pleaded guilty to entering into a polygamous
marriage without official consent amid a debate over Islamic
morality among politicians.
2010 Apr 20, Mexican state
police reported that three men were found shot to death in a taxi in
2010 Apr 20, The Dutch Supreme
Court overturned the acquittal of Guus Kouwenhoven, a businessman
accused of supplying arms to former Liberian strongman Charles
Taylor, and ordered a new appeals hearing in the case. He had been
convicted in 2006 of breaching a UN arms embargo by trading weapons
for timber in Liberia and sentenced to eight years imprisonment, but
the conviction was overturned in 2008.
2010 Apr 20, Pakistani
officials said several senior Pakistani police and intelligence
officials have been removed from their posts after a damning April
15 UN report into the killing of ex-premier Benazir Bhutto.
2010 Apr 20, Gaza's Hamas
rulers burned nearly 2 million pills of Tramadol, a painkiller many
Gazans take recreationally because they say it relaxes them and
provides temporary relief from the territory's hardships.
2010 Apr 20, Rwanda’s army
announced that 2 senior generals have been arrested over accusations
of corruption and misconduct.
2010 Apr 20, In Saudi Arabia a
police official said that the head of the powerful religious police
has fired the chief of the Mecca branch for advocating the mixing of
the sexes. Ahmed bin Qassim al-Ghamidi's suggestion in a newspaper
interview this week that men and women should be left to mingle
freely directly clashed with a central preoccupation of the force.
2010 Apr 20, In Serbia Biljana
Kovacevic Vuco (58), one of Serbia's most prominent human rights
activists, died. She played an important role in Serbia's fledgling
human rights and anti-war movement during the 1990s rule of late
strongman Slobodan Milosevic.
2010 Apr 20, Two Somali radio
stations said the government has ordered them to close for obeying a
week-old order by an Islamic militant group to stop playing music.
Officials at Somaliweyn and Tusmo radio stations said they won't
obey the government order to resume playing music and shut down. The
government order was rescinded minutes after it was issued.
(AP, 4/20/10)(SFC, 4/21/10, p.A2)
2010 Apr 20, In South Korea two
North Korean army majors were arrested on suspicion of plotting to
kill Hwang Jang-yop (87), a high-profile defector. Jang-yop was one
of North Korea's most powerful officials when he fled the
impoverished nation 13 years ago in a defection that reportedly
enraged Kim Jong Il.
2010 Apr 20, South Africa’s
biggest agricultural union, Agri SA, said 2 farmers are attacked
every day in South Africa and two killed per week.
2011 Apr 20, US officials said
the Obama administration plans to give the Libyan opposition $25
million in non-lethal assistance in what will be the first direct US
aid to the rebels after weeks of assessing their capabilities and
2011 Apr 20, US Homeland
Security officials said they were scrapping the 5-color system used
since 2001 terrorist threat alerts. New written alerts will warn of
an elevated or imminent threat when needed.
(SFC, 4/21/11, p.A8)
2011 Apr 20, In Colorado a pipe
bomb and propane tanks were found planted at the Southwest Plaza
Mall in Littleton, a suburb of Denver. On April 26 suspect Earl
Albert Moore (65) was arrested.
(SFC, 4/27/11, p.A8)
2011 Apr 20, Oklahoma Gov. Mary
Fallin signed a pair of bills intended to further restrict abortion
in her state.
(SFC, 4/21/11, p.A6)
2011 Apr 20, BP marked the
first anniversary of the massive Gulf of Mexico oil spill by suing
its business partners for billions of dollars, as Gulf residents
held somber vigils and relatives flew over the waters where 11 oil
rig workers died.
2011 Apr 20, In Afghanistan a
French soldier was killed and nine others were wounded when their
armored vehicle struck a road side bomb in Kapisa province. A
Haqqani operator was captured in Tere Zayi district of Khost
province, which borders Pakistan. Several suspected insurgents were
detained in the provincial capital of Khost. Coalition and Afghan
troops took the leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)
and two of his associates into custody in Khan Abad district of
(AP, 4/21/11)(AP, 4/22/11)
2011 Apr 20, The Afghan
government said the scandal-plagued Kabul Bank would be split in
two, one good bank and one filled with bad loans, as part of a
drastic overhaul to save it from failure.
(SFC, 4/21/11, p.A5)
2011 Apr 20, A South Australian
politician was detained and charged with four child pornography
2011 Apr 20, In England Tina
Nash (31), a mother-of-two, was assaulted by her boyfriend at her
home in Hayle. Shane Jenkin (32) gauged out her eyes and broke her
jaw and nose. He kept Nash imprisoned for the next 12 hours,
stopping her from seeking help. On April 13, 2012, Jenkin pleaded
2011 Apr 20, China’s Legal
Daily newspaper said authorities in Shenyang have found bean sprouts
tainted with banned food additives to make the vegetables grow
faster and look shinier. Police had seized 40 tons of bean sprouts
treated with the chemical compounds sodium nitrite and urea, as well
as antibiotics and a plant hormone called 6-benzyladenine.
2011 Apr 20, In the Czech Rep.
a huge nitroglycerine explosion occurred at an explosives factory in
Pardubice, leaving nine people injured and four missing.
2011 Apr 20, Hundreds of
Eritrean exiles marched in the capital of neighboring Ethiopia to
protest their country's autocratic leadership.
2011 Apr 20, In Haiti election
officials declared Michel Martelly, a popular singer known by the
stage name "Sweet Micky," to be the earthquake-devastated country's
next president. The final election results were released late in the
day giving victories to 17 Chamber of Deputies candidates and one
Senate candidate who ended up with far more votes than they had when
preliminary returns were announced April 4. Demonstrations popped up
in the countryside and some turned violent. The ruling Unity Party
expanded its presence in the Chamber of Deputies, taking 46 of the
99 positions, and gained an absolute majority in the upper Senate
with 17 of the 30 seats.
(AP, 4/21/11)(AFP, 4/22/11)
2011 Apr 20, In Iran more than
200 lawmakers warned President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad that he must obey
an order from the country's supreme leader reinstating Heidar
Moslehi, the powerful intelligence minister who resigned on April
2011 Apr 20, Prominent Israeli
intellectuals and artists came out in favor of creating a
Palestinian state based on the 1967 line marking the West Bank. Gaza
Strip and east Jerusalem. 47 signatories to a statement released
today called for an Israeli pullout from the West Bank.
2011 Apr 20, Israeli police
arrested two Israelis in connection with a seizure of over $60
million worth of cocaine smuggled into Israel aboard a Colombian
2011 Apr 20, In Ivory Coast
die-hard forces loyal former President Laurent Gbagbo still battled
troops of the democratically President Alassane Ouattara in an
Abidjan neighborhood. Troops loyal to Ouattara lobbed shells into
the Yopougon suburb as pro-Gbagbo civilian supporters tried to get
2011 Apr 20, In Libya Gadhafi's
troops clashed with opposition forces In Misrata and shelled the
mountain town of Yifran. Yifran, Qalaa, Nalut and others near the
Tunisian borders are inhibited by Berbers who suffered under Gadhafi
repressive policies. France and Italy announced that they will join
the UK in sending small teams of military advisers to eastern Libya.
Among those killed today in Misrata were British photojournalist Tim
Hetherington, co-director of Oscar-nominated war documentary
"Restrepo," and American photographer Chris Hondros. A Ukrainian
doctor was killed in a separate incident. The doctor's wife lost her
(AP, 4/20/11)(AP, 4/21/11)(Reuters, 4/21/11)
2011 Apr 20, Regulators said
Malaysia and Singapore have agreed to slash roaming charges for
voice calls and text messaging over the next two years in a landmark
2011 Apr 20, In northern Mexico
investigators found 26 badly decomposed bodies at a vacant lot in
the state of Durango and said they were looking for more. In
Tamaulipas authorities reported they had rescued 68 people,
including 12 Central American migrants, allegedly kidnapped by a
drug cartel. Federal police in Cancun arrested Marco Antonio Gomez,
a lawyer who allegedly helped the Zetas drug cartel manage ransom
and extortion payments, which were sometimes handed over in the form
of property deeds. Nine more suspected Zetas members were arrested
in the border state of Tamaulipas.
(AP, 4/20/11)(AP, 4/21/11)
2011 Apr 20, In Nigeria
opposition presidential candidate, ex-military ruler Muhammadu
Buhari, urged calm saying he would pursue his complaints through
legal means as post-poll unrest in Nigeria was reported to have
killed more than 200 people.
2011 Apr 20, South Korean
telecoms operator KT rolled out Kibot, a robot playmate for
children, in a move aimed at cashing in on the potentially lucrative
2011 Apr 20, In Spain the
Madrid Superior Court of Justice upheld a ban barring atheists from
holding a march on Holy Thursday, saying that would be offensive to
Spanish Catholics who mark Easter with processions of their own. The
ban was imposed last week by the Interior Ministry office for the
2011 Apr 20, In Syria thousands
of students held demonstrations against the authoritarian regime,
brushing off President Assad's sweeping declarations of reform as
the country's growing protest movement vowed to stage the biggest
rallies to date on April 22.
2011 Apr 20, In southeastern
Turkey one person was killed when police opened fire on Kurdish
protestors in Bismil town.
2011 Apr 20, In Yemen gunmen on
motorcycles sped by and opened fire on hundreds of demonstrators
camped out in the early hours of the morning in the Yemeni port city
of Hodeida, killing one and wounding several protesters.
2012 Apr 20, Pres. Obama
declared some 14,000 acres of California’s Fort Ord a national
monument under the 1906 Antiquities Act.
(SFC, 4/21/12, p.A1)
2012 Apr 20, In Arizona Isabel
Mercedes Celis (6) was last seen in her bedroom in Tucson.
(SFC, 4/28/12, p.A4)
2012 Apr 20, In San Francisco
the Sam Wo restaurant in Chinatown said goodbye after some 100 years
(SFC, 4/20/12, p.C1)
2012 Apr 20, In Sacramento,
Ca., a man suspected in a crime spree led to the temporary closure
if I-80. Officers fatally shot Jimmy Lee Graves (38) on a 2nd-story
balcony after he started a fire and refused to show his hands.
(SSFC, 4/22/12, p.A6)
2012 Apr 20, In Florida
neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman apologized to the
family of Trayvon Martin, stunning a rapt courtroom and a national
television audience at a hearing in which the judge granted him
$150,000 bail on a charge of 2nd-degree murder.
2012 Apr 20, An unresponsive
twin-engine plane flying erratically over the Gulf of Mexico and
tracked by the Air Force crashed between Louisiana and Florida. An
airport mechanic who has worked on the plane said the pilot
was Dr. Peter Hertzak (65) of New Orleans.
(AFP, 4/20/12)(SFC, 4/21/12, p.A5)
2012 Apr 20, North
Carolina-based Boxun.com was forced to move to a new web hosting
service after its previous host said the attacks were threatening
its entire business. The website has reported extensively on China's
biggest political turmoil in years, underscoring the pivotal role
the Internet has played in the unfolding scandal.
2012 Apr 20, Members of the
International Monetary Fund raised $430 billion in new funds for
crisis intervention, with China and other emerging economic giants
2012 Apr 20, Bahrain's most
senior Shiite cleric, Sheik Isa Qassim, condemned the Sunni rulers
for staging the F1 race despite opposition protests. Opposition
leaders from Bahrain's largest Shiite bloc, Al-Wefaq, said at least
50 people have been injured in the past two days when security
forces fired pellets to disperse protesters on several occasions.
Tens of thousands flooded a major highway demanding a halt to the
Formula One race.
(AP, 4/20/12)(SFC, 4/21/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 20, British diplomat
George Fergusson (56) was mugged as he walked through Hammersmith in
West London. He lost sight in his left eye following the attack. He
is due to take up the post of governor in the British overseas
territory of Bermuda.
2012 Apr 20, British guitarist
Bert Weedon (91) died. He inspired a generation to pick up the
string instrument. The Beatles' George Harrison, John Lennon as well
as Paul McCartney, Eric Clapton, Queen guitarist Brian May and Pete
Townshend of The Who were all among those who started out with
Weedon's books. His first "Play In A Day" book was published in
2012 Apr 20, China signed
accords on energy cooperation and the Arctic in Iceland as Premier
Wen Jiabao started a tour of northern Europe that will focus on
Chinese investment in a continent eager for funds and to trade with
the rising world power.
2012 Apr 20, Hackers claiming
to come from China defaced the website of the Philippines' top
university to assert their country's claim over the hotly disputed
South China Sea.
2012 Apr 20, In Egypt tens of
thousands of protesters packed Cairo's downtown Tahrir Square in the
biggest demonstration in months against the ruling military. But the
crowds in Tahrir were divided between rival groups with differing
complaints and goals.
2012 Apr 20, The Council of
Europe's 47 member states agreed to a declaration aimed at making
the European Court of Human Rights more efficient.
2012 Apr 20, The European Union
parliament condemned Argentina's move to seize control of the YPF
division of Spanish oil and gas giant Repsol and demanded that EU
takes action against Buenos Aires at the World Trade Organization.
2012 Apr 20, European
regulators recommended approval of a new type 2 diabetes drug from
AstraZeneca, Britain's second biggest drugmaker, and Bristol-Myers
Squibb, in a decision that contrasts starkly with its failure to win
approval in the United States.
2012 Apr 20, Dive operators and
conservationists said Indonesia's government is not doing enough to
keep illegal fishermen out of the boundaries of the Komodo National
Park, a UN World Heritage site. They said enforcement declined
greatly following the exit two years ago of a US-based environmental
group that helped fight destructive fishing practices.
2012 Apr 20, In western
Kazakhstan journalist Lukpan Akhmedyarov was stabbed and shot in an
overnight attack that his colleagues say may have been motivated by
his critical reporting about the Central Asian nation's
2012 Apr 20, In Mexico masked
gunmen burst into a bar in Chihuahua and opened fire killing 14
(SSFC, 4/22/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 20, In Mexico a truck
trailer came loose and hit a passenger bus killing at least 43
people in Veracruz state.
(SFC, 4/21/12, p.A2)
2012 Apr 20, Mexico’s
Popocatepetl volcano shot a heavy plume of ash into the sky
southeast of Mexico City and spewed glowing rock from its crater at
2012 Apr 20, In North Korea
tens of thousands rallied, screaming hatred for South Korean
President Lee Myung-Bak and calling for his death over alleged
insults during the North's anniversary celebrations.
2012 Apr 20, In Norway
far-right fanatic Anders Behring Breivik described in court how he
gunned down teenagers in the Utoya massacre as they fled in panic or
froze before him, paralyzed with fear.
2012 Apr 20, A Pakistani Bhoja
Air passenger jet with 127 people on board crashed as it was landing
in bad weather at an airport near Islamabad. All onboard were
(AP, 4/20/12)(AP, 4/21/12)
2012 Apr 20, Senegalese state
media reported that Mali's Pres. Amadou Toumani Toure and family has
sought refuge in neighboring Senegal nearly one month after the
democratically elected leader was overthrown in a coup that has
sparked political and humanitarian crises.
2012 Apr 20, South Africa's
President Jacob Zuma married his fourth current wife, marking the
sixth time the 70-year-old has tied the knot.
2012 Apr 20, Sudan said its
forces have retaken the main town in the Heglig oil region 10 days
after South Sudanese troops seized it. The announcement came shortly
after South Sudanese President Salva Kiir ordered the immediate
withdrawal of his troops from Heglig, following intensified global
diplomatic efforts to pull the two nations from the brink of wider
2012 Apr 20, Switzerland said
it has revised a tax pact agreed with Britain last year and will
offer it a higher rate of withholding tax, after Germany earlier
this month succeeded in obtaining more favorable terms in a similar
deal with the Swiss government.
2012 Apr 20, Syrian troops
fired bullets and tear gas to disperse thousands of protesters.
State media reported that bombs and shooting killed 17 soldiers in
the latest violence to defy international efforts to calm the
country's crisis. Activists reported at least 11 civilians killed.
(AP, 4/20/12)(SFC, 4/21/12, p.A4)
2012 Apr 20, Jailed former
Ukrainian PM Yulia Tymoshenko went on hunger strike after prison
guards allegedly beat her. She had refused to be treated for a
severe spinal condition at the Kharkiv clinic because she doesn't
trust government-appointed doctors.
2012 Apr 20, In Yemen tens of
thousands rallied in the capital, Sanaa, and several other cities
demanding trial of Saleh and his family for killing protesters
during past year's uprising. Yemen's air force raided Al-Qaeda
hideouts in the south. The military regained control over part of
Zinjibar after a battle left 12 militants and 7 troops dead.
(AP, 4/20/12)(AFP, 4/21/12)(SSFC, 4/22/12, p.A2)
2013 Apr 20, In San Francisco
some 10-15 thousand people gathered at Golden Gate Park’s Hippie
Hill for the annual “420" unofficial pot-smoking bacchanalia. They
left some 10,000 pounds of garbage for cleanup.
(SFC, 4/22/13, p.A1)
2013 Apr 20, In Colorado an
estimated 80,000 individuals gathered in Denver’s Civic Center Park
the as they celebrated a state voters’ decision to legalize the
recreational use of cannabis last November. Gunshots were heard less
than an hour after the rally's keynote address completed. 2
individuals were wounded.
(SFC, 4/22/13, p.A5)
2013 Apr 20, In Colorado an
avalanche near Loveland Pass killed 5 backcountry enthusiasts.
(SFC, 4/22/13, p.A6)
2013 Apr 20, Florida filed a
lawsuit in Panama City against BP and Halliburton over the 2010
Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
(SSFC, 4/21/13, p.A9)
2013 Apr 20, In Pennsylvania
Dr. Autumn Klein (41) died after falling ill at home. A coroner
later found cyanide in her system. On July 25 her husband, Univ. of
Penn. researcher Dr. Robert Ferrante, was arrested on charges that
he had poisoned her. On Nov 7, 2014, Ferrante (66) was convicted of
1st degree murder. On Feb 4, 2015, Ferrante was sentenced to
mandatory life in prison.
(SFC, 7/26/13, p.A7)(SFC, 11/8/14, p.A5)(SFC,
2013 Apr 20, Bahrain
authorities foiled possible attacks one day before the kingdom's
Formula One race.
2013 Apr 20, In Zedelgem,
Belgium, fleeing robbers panicked and threw a cracked safe out the
window sending some $1 million euros into the air. Inhabitants of
the area were urged to return the money.
2013 Apr 20, In China a
powerful earthquake struck the steep hills of Lushan county, Sichuan
province, leaving at least 188 people dead and more than 11,000
(AP, 4/21/13)(AP, 4/22/13)
2013 Apr 20, Iraqis braved the
fear of violence to vote in the first election since the US military
withdrawal. Officials have delayed voting in two largely Sunni
provinces, Anbar and Ninevah, where large anti-government protests
have been held, citing security concerns. The largely autonomous
northern Kurdish region will hold local elections in September.
Voters are also not balloting in the ethnically disputed and
oil-rich province of Kirkuk, which has not had a chance to elect
local officials since 2005 because residents cannot agree on a
power-sharing formula there.
2013 Apr 20, Italy's Parliament
re-elected Giorgio Napolitano to an unprecedented second term as
president, after party leaders persuaded the 87-year-old to serve
again in hopes of easing the hostility that has thwarted formation
of a new government.
2013 Apr 20, On the Lebanese
side of the Syrian border, schools were evacuated in the mostly
Shiite villages of al-Qasr, Bouweydah and Hawch amid fears that
Syria's rebels could target the residents.
2013 Apr 20, In Montenegro more
than 5,000 opposition supporters rallied claiming their leader was
cheated of victory in the April 7 presidential ballot. The
opposition claimed their candidate Miodrag Lekic was robbed.
2013 Apr 20, Police in
Nicaragua detained Eric Justin Toth, a former US school teacher, who
was on the FBI's 10 most-wanted fugitives as a suspect in a child
2013 Apr 20, Pakistan’s former
military ruler Pervez Musharraf was ordered held for two weeks until
the next hearing in a case related to his 2007 decision to sack and
detain several judges. A suspected suicide bomber targeted security
forces outside the main gate of a hospital in Khar, in the Bajur
tribal region. Four people died in the blast.
2013 Apr 20, Syrian troops
backed by pro-government gunmen advanced during battles with rebels
in a strategic area in Homs province near the Lebanese border. SANA
said government troops gained control of four key villages in Homs
province: Qadesh, Mansourieh, Saadiyeh and Radwaniyeh. 6 rebels were
reported killed in the fighting. SANA said a shell fell outside a
sports club in Aleppo killing two children.
2014 Apr 20, In Colorado tens
of thousands gathered to celebrate the first legal 4:20, the April
20 pot holiday, at Denver’s Civic Center Park.
(SFC, 4/21/14, p.A8)
2014 Apr 20, Herb Wong, a
leading West Coast jazz expert and educator, died at his home in
Menlo Park, Ca. He started his own radio show on KJAZ in 1959 and
continued until 1996.
(SFC, 4/26/14, p.C3)
2014 Apr 20, In Afghanistan new
partial results in the presidential election released today showed
candidate Abdullah Abdullah as the front-runner, though a runoff
election looked likely.
2014 Apr 20, Prizefighter Rubin
"Hurricane" Carter (b.1937) died at his home in Toronto. He was
convicted in 1967 and again in 1976 for three 1966 murders committed
at a tavern in Paterson, New Jersey. He was freed in 1985 when his
convictions were thrown out after years of appeals The convictions
became an international symbol of racial injustice and inspired a
Bob Dylan song and a Hollywood film.
2014 Apr 20, An Egyptian court
sentenced people to more than three years in prison for violent
protests in February in support of deposed Islamist president
Mohamed Morsi. Gunmen killed a police captain and a conscript in a
firefight on a desert road outside Cairo.
(AFP, 4/20/14)(AP, 4/20/14)
2014 Apr 20, In India 2 victims
were found dead aboard the Chinese-built carrier Tuo Fu 3 anchored
near Haldia city in the Bay of Bengal. They had reportedly collapsed
immediately after entering the cargo hold filled with coal and
accumulated methane gas.
2014 Apr 20, In Iraq a series
of attacks, including a coordinated assault on a private Shiite
college in Baghdad, killed at least 15 people and wounded nearly 50
2014 Apr 20, Israeli police
arrested 16 Palestinians at one of Jerusalem's most revered and
politically sensitive holy sites as they dispersed protesters
opposed to any Jewish attempts to pray there.
2014 Apr 20, Myanmar reported
that fighting between government troops and ethnic Kachin rebels has
left 22 people dead this month.
(SFC, 4/21/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 20, In southern
Pakistan a passenger bus rammed into a disabled flatbed trailer
parked on the side of a highway near Pannu Aqil, killing at least 42
people, including 17 women and children.
(AP, 4/20/14)(SFC, 4/21/14, p.A2)
2014 Apr 20, Saudi Arabia's
health ministry said three more patients who contracted a
potentially fatal Middle East virus related to SARS have died amid a
recent increase in infections.
2014 Apr 20, In Syria dozens of
people were killed in air strikes on Aleppo, including at least 29
people in a single neighborhood. Former German rapper Denis Mamadou
Cuspert, aka Deso Dogg, was among 16 killed in a suicide attack by
Al-Nusra Front in an eastern province. In Syria he had joined ISIL
and taken on the name Abu Talha al-Almani.
(Reuters, 4/21/14)(AFP, 4/22/14)
2014 Apr 20, Ukraine and Russia
traded blame for a shootout at a checkpoint manned by pro-Russia
insurgents in Slovyansk that left three people dead in a mysterious
(AP, 4/20/14)(Econ, 4/26/14, p.50)
2014 Apr 20, Pope Francis, in
his Easter address "Urbi et Orbi" (Latin for 'to the city and to the
world') denounced the "immense wastefulness" in the world while many
go hungry and called for an end to conflicts in Syria, Ukraine and
2014 Apr 20, In Venezuela fresh
clashes erupted in Caracas, with hooded anti-government protesters
hurling rocks and Molotov cocktails at riot police who returned fire
with rubber bullets, tear gas and water cannon.
2014 Apr 20, A drone strike in
south Yemen killed at least 30 suspected Al-Qaeda militants.