Today in History - April 22

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296AD    Apr 22, St. Gaius ended his reign as Catholic Pope.
    (HN, 4/22/98)

536AD    Apr 22, St. Agapitus I ended his reign as Catholic Pope (535-36).
    (HN, 4/22/98)(MC, 4/22/02)

1056        Apr 22, Supernova Crab nebula was last seen by the naked eye.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1073        Apr 22, Gregory VII, St. Hildebrand, became Pope. He was driven from Rome and died in exile in 1085.
    (, 3/10/99, p.A22)

1164        Apr 22, Raynald of Dassel named Guido di Crema as anti-pope Paschalis III.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1357        Apr 22, Johan I, King of Portugal (1383-1433), was born.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1370        Apr 22, The first stone of the Bastille was laid by order of King Charles V (1364-1380). The original design of the Bastille was merely a fortified gate, but it was later turned into a fortress by Charles VI. It began to be used as a prison in the 17th century. Following the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789, it was demolished.
    (HNQ, 7/14/01)

1451        Apr 22, Isabella I of Castile, Queen of Spain (1479-1504), patron of Christopher Columbus, was born in Madrigal, Spain.
    (HN, 4/22/98)(AP, 4/22/01)(MC, 4/22/02)   

1500        Apr 22, Pedro Alvares Cabral (c1460-c1526), Portuguese explorer, discovered Brazil and claimed it for Portugal. He anchored for 10 days in a bay he called "Porto Seguro" and continued on to India.  [see Apr 23]
    (WUD,1994, p.206)(AHD, p.185)(TL-MB, 1988, p.8)(HN, 4/22/98)(SFC, 4/20/00, p.A14)

1509        Apr 22, Henry Tudor became King Henry VIII of England following the death of his father, Henry VII. He soon married Catherine of Aragon, his brother’s widow and the aunt of Charles V (the Holy Roman Emperor), and fathered Mary, future Queen of England.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.161)(AP, 4/22/08)

1521        Apr 22, French king Francois I declared war on Spain.
    (MC, 4/22/02)
1521        Apr 22, Juan de Padilla, Spanish nobleman, communero-rebel, was beheaded.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1529        Apr 22, Spain and Portugal divided the eastern hemisphere in Treaty of Saragosa.
    (HN, 4/22/98)

1610        Apr 22, Alexander VIII, [Pietro Ottoboni], Italian lawyer, Pope (1689-91), was born.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1648        Apr 22, English army claimed king Charles I was responsible for bloodshed.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1658        Apr 22, Giuseppe Torelli, composer (Concert Grossi op 8), was born in Italy.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1659        Apr 22, Lord protector Cromwell disbanded the English parliament.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1671        Apr 22, King Charles II sat in on English parliament.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1692        Apr 22, Edward Bishop was jailed for proposing flogging as cure for witchcraft.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1707        Apr 22, Henry Fielding (d.1754), English novelist and essayist, was born in Sharpham Park, Somerset, England. His work included "Tom Jones."
    (WUD, 1994 p.528)(AP, 4/22/07)

1722        Apr 22, In Batavia, Indonesia, 19 VOC "komplotteurs" were executed.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1724        Apr 22, Immanuel Kant (d.1804), German philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason), was born in Konigsberg (Kaliningrad). He held that space is just a "form of sensibility" that our minds impose on experience to give it structure. His work included the essay "Perpetual Peace."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.40)(HN, 4/22/98)(WSJ, 8/21/98, p.W13)(WSJ, 1/7/98, p.A10)

1745        Apr 22, Peace of Fussen was signed, restoring the status quo of Germany.
    (HN, 4/22/98)

1769        Apr 22, Madame du Barry became King Louis XV's "official" mistress.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1776        Apr 22, Johann Adolph Scheibe (67), German music theorist, composer, died.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1777        Apr 22, Henry Clay, American statesman, the "Great Compromiser," was born.
    (HN, 4/22/98)

1778        Apr 22, James Hargreaves, inventor (spinning jenny), died.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1792        Apr 22, President Washington proclaimed American neutrality in the war in Europe.
    (HN, 4/22/98)

1793        Apr 22, Pres. Washington attended the opening of Rickett's, the 1st circus in US.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1796        Apr 22, Napoleon defeated the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1804        Apr 22, Gioacchino Rossini (12) performed in Imola.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1809        Apr 22, At the Battle at Eckmahl Napoleon beat Austrian archduke Karl.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1823        Apr 22, R.J. Tyers patented roller skates.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1826        Apr 22, Ibrahim, son of Mohammed Ali of Egypt, took Missolonghi (in West Greece) after a long siege. [see Apr 23]
    (CMW, 1968, p.154)

1833        Apr 22, Richard Trevithick (b.1771), British engineer, died in Kent, England. In 1804 he built the first steam locomotive.
    (ON, 4/04, p.6)(WSJ, 4/11/09, p.W8)(

1838        Apr 22, The English steamship "Sirius" docked in NYC after a record Atlantic crossing.

1861        Apr 22, Robert E. Lee was named commander of Virginia forces.
    (HN, 4/22/98)

1864        Apr 22, Congress authorized the use of the phrase "In God We Trust" on for the 1st time on a 2 cent coin.
    (AP, 4/22/97)(

1870        Apr 22, Vladimir Ilyitch Lenin (d.1924), also known as Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov, Russian revolutionary leader and first communist leader of USSR, was born. It was later learned that he was a hereditary noble and that he had a French mistress named Inessa Armand. In 1996 Richard Pipes edited “The Unknown Lenin: From the Secret Archive."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.260)(WSJ, 10/23/96, p.A19)(SFC, 3/27/97, p.A15) (HN, 4/22/98)

1873        Apr 22, Ellen Glassgow, American novelist, was born.
    (HN, 4/22/01)

1876        Apr 22, O.E. Rolvaag, novelist (Giants in the Earth), was born.
    (HN, 4/22/01)
1876        Apr 22, Tchaikovsky completed his "Swan Lake" ballet.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1881        Apr 22, Alexander Kerensky, Russian PM (1917), was born in Simbirsk.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1884        Apr 22, Thomas Stevens (b.1853) started the 1st bicycle trip to cross the US from SF. He later continued around world (2 yrs 9 mos). He purchased a bicycle with a 50-inch diameter front wheel from Col. Albert Pope of Hartford, Conn., for $110 the price of a horse and buggy.
    (MC, 4/22/02)(ON, 9/03, p.9)

1889        Apr 22, The US federal government opened up the Unassigned Lands of Indian Territory to the country's first land run. The Oklahoma land rush officially started at noon as thousands of homesteaders staked claims.
    (WSJ, 1/4/96, p.A-8)(AP, 4/22/97)(HN, 4/22/98)

1897        Apr 22, NYC Jewish newspaper "Forward" began publishing.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1898        Apr 22, US Congress passed the Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry.
    (MC, 4/22/02)
1898         Apr 22, With the United States and Spain on the verge of formally declaring war, the U.S. Navy began blockading Cuban ports under orders from President McKinley. In the first Spanish-American War action the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship, the Buenaventura, off Key West, Fla. Also, Congress authorized creation of the First U.S. Volunteer Cavalry, popularly known as the "Rough Riders." In 1998 the book “Empire by Default" by Ivan Musicant retold the story of the war in detail.
    (AP, 4/22/97)(WSJ, 2/23/98, p.A20)(AP, 4/22/98)(HN, 4/22/98)

1904        Apr 22, J. Robert Oppenheimer, head of the Manhattan (Atomic-bomb) Project, was born.
    (HN, 4/22/98)

1906        Apr 22, Eddie Albert (d.2005), film and TV star (Green Acres), was born in Rock Island, Ill, and grew up in Minneapolis.
    (SFC, 5/28/05, p.A2)
1906        Apr 22, A new baseball rule put the umpire in sole charge of all game balls.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1912        Apr 22, At the urging of Pres. Taft the Chamber of Commerce of the USA was established at a Washington hotel by a gathering of 700 delegates from 44 states. The represented 324 voluntary organizations.
    (Econ, 4/21/12, p.77)

1914        Apr 22, Babe Ruth's 1st professional game as a pitcher was a 6-hit 6-0 win.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1915        Apr 22, The Australian ship Success, billed as a convict museum, docked in SF, Ca., for the Panama–Pacific International Exposition. While there a short film made by the Keystone Film Company called “Mabel and Fatty Viewing the World's Fair at San Francisco."
1915        Apr 22, Germans made the first use of poison gas in World War I at the Second Battle Ypres. Chlorine gas was used along 4 miles of the French line at Ypres.
    (NH, 10/98, p.18)(HN, 4/22/99)

1916        Apr 22, Yehudi Menuhin (d.1999), violinist, was born in New York.
    (SFC, 3/13/99, p.A1)(HN, 4/22/01)

1918        Apr 22, Robert Wadlow Alton, world's tallest man (8'11.1"), was born.
    (HN, 4/22/98)
1918        Apr 22, British naval forces attempted to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeeburgge.
    (HN, 4/22/99)

1922        Apr 22, Charles Mingus (d.1979), jazz bassist, was born.
    (HN, 4/22/01)

1926        Apr 22, James Stirling, Scottish D-day-parachutist, architect, knight, was born.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1929        Apr 22, Harold E. Jones, director of research at the Univ. of Cal. Institute of child Welfare reported that children doing poor schoolwork and those most often exhibiting objectionable traits were found to be those who attend motion picture shows frequently.
    (SFC, 4/16/04, p.F5)

1930        Apr 22, The United States, Britain and Japan signed the London Naval Treaty, which regulated submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding. The London Naval Conference met in Europe and agreed to shrink the world’s navies.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1930)(AP, 4/22/97)

1931        Apr 22, Egypt signed a treaty of friendship with Iraq.
    (HN, 4/22/98)

1933        Apr 22, Dutch government forbade a left-wing radio address.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1936        Apr 22, Glen Campbell, American country music singer (By the Time I get to Phoenix, Galveston), was born in Arkansas.

1937        Apr 22, Jack Nicholson, actor (One Flew Over Cuckoo's Nest, Shining), was born in NJ.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1938         Apr 22, In Virginia 45 workers were killed in a coal mine explosion at Keen Mountain in Buchanan County.
    (AP, 4/22/08)

1940        Apr 22, Rear Adm. Joseph Taussig testified before US Senate Naval Affairs Committee that war with Japan is inevitable.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1943        Apr 22, Louise Gluck, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, was born.
    (HN, 4/22/01)
1943        Apr 22, There was German counter attack in North Tunisia.
    (MC, 4/22/02)
1943        Apr 22, RAF shot down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1944        Apr 22, During World War II, U.S. forces and Allies began invading Japanese-held New Guinea with amphibious landings near Hollandia, New Guinea.
    (AP, 4/22/97)(HN, 4/22/98)
1944        Apr 22, Hitler and Mussolini met at Obersalzburg.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1945        Apr 22, In Croatia hundreds of prisoners were killed when 1,073 prisoners attempted to escape from the Jasenovac death camp. The Ustashe were killing fast before closing down the Jasenovac camp. 87 inmates escaped. 1000 others were recaptured or shot and killed while fleeing. Brother Satan, who took part in a World War II massacre of 2,000 Serbs by Ustashe troops and whose real name was Tomislav Filipovic Majstorovic, was defrocked in 1943 but stayed on in the camp, known as "Auschwitz of the Balkans," where he was said to have killed freely. Independent historians put the number of victims executed there at between 80,000 and 100,000.
    (SFC, 3/23/99, p.A10)(AP, 4/24/05)(AP, 4/12/19)
1945        Apr 22, Hitler acknowledged that the war was lost. A stenographic record of Hitler’s conferences with his generals from Apr, 1942, until Apr, 1945, was published in 2003 as: “Hitler and His Generals." It was edited by Helmut Heiber and David M. Glantz."
    (WSJ, 2/5/03, p.A1)
1945        Apr 22, Soviet troops liberated the concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen. Soviet secret police then used the camp just north of Berlin to imprison many Nazis as well as critics of the Soviet occupation of eastern Germany after the defeat of Adolf Hitler's regime. In all, an estimated 60,000 people were sent to "Special Camp No. 1" in 1945-50. In 2008 researchers finished compiling a list of 11,890 Germans who died there.
    (AP, 4/17/05)(AP, 3/6/08)

1946        Apr 22, Dectuplets were born in Bacacay, Brazil, 8 males and 2 females.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1951        Apr 22, There was a ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC.
    (MC, 4/22/02)
1951        Apr 22-25, The Battle of Imjin River in the Korean War. The 1st Battalion of the “Glorious" Gloucestershire Regiment made a remarkable last ditch stand to allow the British 29th Brigade to withdraw in the face of the oncoming Chinese army.

1952        Apr 22, An atomic test conducted at Yucca Flat, Nevada, became the first nuclear explosion shown on live network television.
    (AP, 4/22/99)(SFC, 4/19/02, p.G3)

1954        Apr 22, The publicly televised US Senate Army-McCarthy hearings began.
    (AP, 4/22/08)

1955        Apr 22, Congress ordered all U.S. coins to bear motto "In God We Trust".
    (HN, 4/22/98)

1956        Apr 22, Soviet authorities exposed a secret Allied spy tunnel built a year earlier from Rudow in West Berlin to Alt-Glienicke in East Berlin. It had tapped into underground cables and operated for 11 months and 11 days intercepting Red Army communications.
    (SFC, 8/21/12, p.A3)

1959        Apr 22, In SF dignitaries opened the new 1.4 mile extension of the Central Freeway from 13th and Mission to Golden Gate Ave. and Franklin St. In 1999 SF and the California Dept. of Transportation agreed replace it with a ground-level thoroughfare. Octavia Blvd. was dedicated in 2005.
    (SFC, 8/21/96, p.A13)(SFC, 1/3/07, p.B1)

1961        Apr 22, An uprising of French parachutists was led by Gen. Salan/Challe in Algeria.
    (MC, 4/22/02)

1964        Apr 22, President Johnson opened the 1964-1965 New York World's Fair in Queens. It featured the futuristic Unisphere and a house made of formica. Ken Kesey and 14 Merry Pranksters drove to the fair in a 1939 Int’l. Harvester school bus with Neal Cassidy driving. The trip was immortalized in "The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test" by Tom Wolfe in 1968.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1964)(AP, 4/22/97)(SFEM, 2/22/98, p.34)(WSJ, 1/22/99, p.W10)(SFC, 1/21/14, p.A1)
1964        Apr 22, At the opening of the New York World’s Fair in Queens the Vermersch family from Belgium introduced Belgian waffles, topped with fresh whipped cream, powdered sugar and sliced strawberries. They had first served the treat two years earlier at the 1962 World's Fair in Seattle, and for years after they made the waffles at the annual New York State Fair in Syracuse. But it was at the 1964 event in New York City that the waffles became a sensation.
    (AP, 4/21/14)
1964        Apr 22, The islands of Zanzibar and Pemba joined the former British colony of Tanganyika to form the republic of Tanzania. Zanzibar consists of the Pemba and Unguja islands. It has its own president and legislation but also votes in the Tanzanian presidential and National Assembly elections.
    (WSJ, 12/13/96, p.A1)(WUD, 1994, p.1453)(SFC, 11/7/00, p.B2)(MC, 4/22/02)

1969        Apr 22, In the Golden Globe boat race one man became the 1st to single-handedly sail nonstop around the world. In 2001 Peter Nichols authored “A Voyage for Madmen."
    (SSFC, 8/5/01, DB p.61)
1969        Apr 22, The 1st human eye transplant was performed for John Madden in Houston.

1970        Apr 22, The first Earth Day and Earth Week was celebrated and millions protested pollution on Earth and their concern for the environment. The event was organized by a 33-member committee in Philadelphia. Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson suggested Earth Day as a means to focus national attention on ecological issues. Gaylord selected Pete McCloskey as co-chairman. Organizers later identified 12 anti-environment members of the US House and Senate, 7 of whom soon lost their seats.
    (AP, 4/22/97)(WSJ, 5/12/99, p.A23)(SSFC, 4/18/04, p.E3)(

1971        Apr 22, Former US Navy lieutenant John Kerry (27) testified before the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee and talked about hearing from fellow veterans about war crimes and atrocities committed in Vietnam by US forces.
    (SFC, 9/11/04, p.A5)(SSFC, 10/17/04, p.E6)

1974        Apr 22, A Pan Am 707 crashed into the mountains of Bali, killing 107.

1976        Apr 22, Director Ingmar Bergman (1918-2007) actress Bibi Anderson announced they were leaving Sweden because of harassment by Swedish tax officials.

1977        Apr 22, Simon Peres became premier of Israel under Pres. Ephraim Katzir. Peres served until June 21. He served again as premier from 1984-1986, and 1985-1996. 

1978        Apr 22, Cynthia Waxman (11) was raped and killed whiled playing in a field in Moraga, Ca. In 2005 DNA evidence revealed that she had been killed by Charles Jackson, a convict who died at age 64 in Folsom Prison in 2002. Jackson was linked to at least 6 other victims.
    {Murder, Rape, California, DNA, Kids}
    (SFC, 9/30/05, p.B5)
1978        Apr 22, Will Geer (75), TV and film actor, died. He is best remembered for portraying the wise and crusty Grandpa Zeb Walton on the long-running The Waltons (1972-1978).

1979        Apr 22, Samir Kantar (1962-2015) participated in the killing of an Israeli policeman and the attempted kidnapping of an Israeli family in Nahariya that resulted in the deaths of four Israelis and two of his fellow PLF kidnappers.
    (AP, 10/25/04)(

1980        Apr 22, Jane Froman (72), band singer, died. The 1952 film “With a Song in My Heart" starred Susan Hayward as band singer Jane Froman.
    (SSFC, 5/15/05, Par p.2)

1981        Apr 22, In the largest US bank robbery, more than $3.3 million was stolen in Tucson Ariz. 4 men were later arrested for the robbery.

1982        Apr 22, Robert Maurice Bloom (18) killed his father, stepmother and stepsister in a savage murder spree in southern California. He was convicted and sentenced to death until appellate attorneys uncovered documents that he was mentally ill and likely did not understand the consequences of his actions. Bloom was ordered released in 1997 pending a new trial.
    (SFC,12/25/97, p.A22)(
1982        Apr 22, Melville Bell Grosvenor (b.1901), president of the Natl. Geographic Society, died.
1982        Apr 22, A bombing in Paris killed a pregnant woman and injured 63 people. The attack was attributed to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(

1983        Apr 22, Earl Hines (b.1903), jazz pianist and bandleader, died in Oakland, Ca. He was one of jazz’s greatest pianist and was universally known as Earl “Fatha" Hines.
    (SFC, 2/13/08, p.E1)(
1983        Apr 22, In Germany the bogus “Hitler Diaries" was published by Stern Magazine. Stern magazine announced the discovery of a 60 volume personal diary written by Adolph Hitler. It turned out to be a hoax.
    (SFC, 10/15/96, p.A19)(AP, 4/22/07)

1984        Apr 22, The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) said French researchers had discovered that a virus causes AIDS. Scientists identified a retrovirus named human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as the cause of AIDS.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A20)(
1984        Apr 22, Ansel Adams (b.1902), US photographer, died in Monterey, Ca. He was best known for his black and white photographs of California's Yosemite Valley. He founded the group f/64 and redefined the aesthetic standards and possibilities of landscape photography.

1987        Apr 22, Joe Hunt, leader of a social and investment group called the "Billionaire Boys Club," was convicted by a jury in Santa Monica, Calif., of murdering Ron Levin in 1984, a con man whose body had not been found. Hunt was sentenced to life in prison. In 1992 Hunt was also tried for the 1984 killing of Hedayat Eslaminia, but a hung jury forced a mistrial.
    (SFC, 7/13/96, p. A17)(SFC, 3/29/97, p.A20)(AP, 4/22/97)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)

1988        Apr 22, Secretary of State George P. Shultz, visiting the Soviet Union, met with President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, who reportedly criticized the Reagan administration for its "confrontational" approach to U.S.-Soviet relations.
    (AP, 4/22/98)

1989        Apr 22, The Xinhua News Agency reported the first outbreak of violence stemming from China's pro-democracy protests, in the provincial capital of Xian.
    (AP, 4/22/99)

1990        Apr 22, Pro-Iranian kidnappers in Lebanon freed American hostage Robert Polhill after nearly 39 months of captivity.
    (AP, 4/22/00)
1990        Apr 22, Millions of Americans joined in a worldwide 20th anniversary celebration of the first Earth Day. Harriett Burgess (d.2010 at 73) founded the San Francisco based American Land Conservatory to shelter land from development in all parts of the country.
    (AP, 4/22/00)(SFC, 5/8/10, p.C4)

1991        Apr 22, The US White House promised a full accounting of chief of staff John Sununu’s travels as it sought to stem political fallout over reports of his extensive personal use of military jets.
    (AP, 4/22/01)
1991        Apr 22, Johnny Carson announces he would retire the next year from Tonight Show.
1991        Apr 22, Intel released 486SX chip.
1991        Apr 22, Sixty people were killed when a strong earthquake shook Costa Rica and neighboring Panama, causing millions of dollars’ worth of damage.
    (AP, 4/22/01)

1992        Apr 22, The Supreme Court heard arguments on Pennsylvania's restrictive abortion law. The court upheld most of the law's provisions the following June, but also reaffirmed a woman's basic right to an abortion.
    (AP, 4/22/97)
1992        Apr 22, A 6.0 Joshua Tree earthquake hit California.
1992        Apr 22, In Guadalajara, Mexico, more than 200 people were killed by a series of sewer explosions.
    (AP, 4/22/97)

1993        Apr 22, The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, D.C., to honor the victims of Nazi extermination.
    (AP, 4/22/97)
1993        Apr 22, Peter Townshend's rock musical "Tommy," premiered in NYC.
1993        Apr 22, In London, England, Stephen Lawrence (b.1974), a black teenager of Jamaican parentage, was brutally killed by a gang of white youths with a history of race baiting. 5 youths were identified, but none were prosecuted. Three of the suspects were acquitted in 1996. In 1999 a play called "The Color of Justice" was made based on the testimony of the trial. The 1999 Macpherson inquiry concluded that the police force’s mishandling of the case betrayed “institutional racism." In 2000 police arrested 3 men in connection with the killing. In 2002 two of those accused in the Lawrence case, David Norris and Neil Acourt, were convicted and jailed for a racist attack on a black police officer. In 2011 Gary Dobson (36) and David Norris (35) both white men from south London, faced trial for murder. On Jan 3, 2012, Dobson and Norris were found guilty. On Jan 4 Gary Dobson was sentenced to a minimum 15 years and two months and David Norris to 14 years and three months for the murder.
    (, 3/23/00, p.D2)(Econ, 9/20/08, p.72)(AFP, 11/15/11)(Reuters, 1/4/12)

1994        Apr 22, The Lyrid meteor shower was on this day.
    (PacDis, Spring/'94, p. 40)
1994        Apr 22, Richard M. Nixon (81), the 37th president of the United States (1969-1975), died at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, four days after suffering a stroke. In 1990 Roger Morris wrote the biography: "Richard Milhous Nixon." In 2000 Anthony Summers authored "The Arrogance of Power: The Secret World of Richard Nixon." In 2008 Rick Perlstein authored “Nixonland: The rise of a President and the Fracturing of America," and Conrad Black authored “Richard M. Nixon: A Life in Full."
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 2/23/97, BR p.3)(AP, 4/22/97)(SFEC, 8/27/00, p.A6)(SSFC, 5/18/08, Books p.4)(WSJ, 8/29/08, p.A15)
1994        Apr 22, In Robateau, Haiti, a shantytown of Gonaives city, soldiers and paramilitary burst into dozens of homes and beat and killed a number of people. In 2000 16 ex-soldiers and cohorts were found guilty of the massacre. Another 38 people, charged with masterminding the killings and all living in exile, were scheduled for a later trial. Another 37 defendants were tried in absentia and sentenced to life in prison. Louis-Jodel Chamblain was among those convicted in absentia for his role in the murders.
    (SFC, 11/11/00, p.A14)(SFC, 11/17/00, p.D6)(SFC, 3/24/04, p.A9)
1994        Apr 22, In Butare gasoline was used to set ablaze a building where 500 Tutsis were hiding. In 2001 Benedictine Sister Maria Kisito stood trial in Belgium for providing the gasoline. 7,000 Tutsi's were slaughtered in stadium of Kibuye, Rwanda.
    (SFC, 4/18/01, p.A12)(MC, 4/22/02)

1995        Apr 22, Jane Kenyon (47), poet, died in New Hampshire. In 1996 William Bolcom premiered a song cycle, Briefly It Enters, based on 9 of her poems in Ann Arbor, Mich. In 2005 Joyce Peseroff edited “Simply Lasting: Writers on Jane Kenyon."
    (SFC, 10/17/96, E1)(
1995        Apr 22, Maggie Kuhn (89), activist (Gray Panthers), died at her home in Pennsylvania.
1995        Apr 22, In Africa, Rwandan government troops killed thousands of Hutu refugees in Kibeho. The Tutsi-led government troops cleared a huge refugee camp that they said was full of Hutu extremists. Human rights officials said that at least 4,000 Hutus were killed, many shot, and many trampled. Tutsi officers involved received only token punishments.
    (SFC, 4/8/99, p.C3)(HN, 4/22/99)(SFC, 4/8/02, p.A6)

1996        Apr 22, Earth Day. The Goldman Environmental Foundation of San Francisco presented annual awards of $75,000 each to grass-roots eco-environ-mentalists on each of the inhabited continents as selected by a panel of experts from 30 countries. Winners for 1996 were Albena Simeonova, founder of Green Parliament in Bulgaria; Amooti Ndyakira, for journalism on endangered gorilla habitats in Uganda; Edwin Bustillos, defender of native lands and culture in Mexico, Mahesh Chandar Mehta, for crusading against air and water pollution in India; Bill Ballantine, for promoting marine reserves in New Zealand, Marina Silva, for fighting deforestation in Brazil.
    (USAT, 4/22/96, p.4-D)
1996        Apr 22, Pres. Clinton endorsed a plan to expand the Point Reyes National Seashore by 38,000 acres. The Dept. of the Interior was to buy easements from local farmers and to begin purchasing the 564-acre Giacomini dairy ranch.
    (SFC, 5/31/96, E1)
1996        Apr 22, After 11 days of focusing on Hezbollah guerrillas, Israeli warplanes turned to a new target in Lebanon, attacking the heavily fortified base of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
    (AP, 4/22/97)
1996        Apr 22, Homemaker-humorist Erma Bombeck died in San Francisco at age 69.
    (AP, 4/22/97)
1996        Apr 22, In Paraguay General Lino Oviedo was fired for insubordination by Pres. Juan Carlos Wasmosy. Oviedo defied the orders of Wasmosy to abandon his command.
    (SFC, 4/24/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 12/6/98, p.A28)

1997        Apr 22, President Clinton flew over the flooded town of Grand Forks, N.D.
    (AP, 4/22/98)
1997        Apr 22, A jury of seven men and five women was chosen in Denver to hear the Oklahoma City bombing trial of Timothy McVeigh.
    (AP, 4/22/98)
1997        Apr 22, In Peru on day 126 of the hostage crises government commandos stormed the home of the Japanese envoy in Lima and freed 71 hostages. Two soldiers, all 14 Tupac Amaru rebels and one hostage, Justice Carlos Giusti, died in the assault. Later reports indicated that some rebels were killed while trying to surrender and that their bodies may have been mutilated. The government planned to bury them in scattered unmarked graves. In 2002 forensic evidence indicated that 8 of 14 rebels were shot from behind after they surrendered at the end of the siege. A prosecutor then filed charges against 18 army officers for executing 3 rebels after they surrendered. On Oct 15, 2003, a secret military court dismissed charges against 140 commandos accused of summarily executing three leftist rebels during a 1997 hostage rescue at the Japanese ambassador's residence.
    (WSJ, 4/2397, p.A1)(SFC, 4/23/97, p.A1,8)(SFC, 4/25/97, p.A12)(AP, 4/22/98)(WSJ, 5/20/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/7/02, p.A12)(AP, 11/14/03)
1997        Apr 22, Gunmen in Moscow killed the head of the Russian Ice Hockey Federation in what appeared to be a gangland slaying.
    (WSJ, 4/2397, p.A1)
1997        Apr 22, A 6.5 earthquake hit Tobago. There were no reported injuries.
    (SFC, 4/23/97, p.A4)

1998        Apr 22, The new Disney Animal Kingdom theme park in Orlando opened.
    (SFEC, 2/22/98, Par p.4)
1998        Apr 22, National TV Turnoff Week began.
    (SFEC, 4/12/98, Par p.18)
1998        Apr 22, Amy Grossberg, a young woman charged along with her high school sweetheart with murdering their newborn at a Delaware motel, pleaded guilty to manslaughter. Amy Grossberg ended up serving nearly two years of a 2 1/2-year sentence; Brian Peterson served 1 1/2 years of a two-year sentence. Peterson had received a lesser sentence of two years because he'd cooperated with authorities.
    (AP, 4/22/03)(AP, 4/22/08)
1998        Apr 22, The UN Commission on Human Rights called on Iran to halt torture, amputations and stonings.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.A13)

1999        Apr 22, Earth Day. TV Turnoff Week began.
    (SFC, 4/22/99, p.A17)(SFC, 4/23/99, p.C7)
1999        Apr 22, In Louisiana a 14-year-old boy opened fire at a middle school in Scotlandville, a suburb of Baton Rouge, and a 14-yar-old girl was hit in the cheek.
    (SFC, 4/23/99, p.A3)
1999        Apr 22, At Columbine High School in Littleton, Colo., investigators found a powerful bomb made from a propane tank, heightening suspicions that gunmen Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, who killed 13 people before killing themselves, intended to destroy the school, and may have had help in assembling their arsenal.
    (AP, 4/22/00)
1999        Apr 22, In Kentucky an Army Black Hawk helicopter crashed during training at Fort Campbell and 7 people were killed and 4 injured.
    (SFC, 4/23/99, p.A3)
1999        Apr 22, The NATO summit began in Washington.
    (USAT, 3/24/99, p.5A)
1999        Apr 22, British PM Tony Blair, speaking before the Chicago Economic Club, unveiled his "Doctrine of the International Community" (Chicago Doctrine). Among other things, the doctrine outlines circumstances that warrant the international community to intervene in the affairs of other nations.
1999        Apr 22, An early morning missile hit the home of Pres. Milosevic at 15 Uzicke St. in Belgrade. NATO bombs also hit the Serbian TV station in Belgrade and killed 15 people. Russian envoy Viktor Chernomyrdin after meeting with Pres. Milosevic in Belgrade said Milosevic would accept an int'l. presence in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 4/23/99, p.A1,18)(USAT, 4/23/99, p.1A)
1999        Apr 22, In eastern India upper-caste landlords, members of the Ranbir Sena militia, killed 12 Dalits (oppressed ones) in the village of Sindani. It was believed to be a retaliation for the Mar 18 massacre in Bihar.
    (SFC, 4/23/99, p.D3)
1999        Apr 22, In Iran the Parliament began proceedings to impeach culture minister Ayatollah Mohajerani for excessive media freedom.
    (SFC, 4/23/99, p.D3)

2000        Apr 22, In Miami US INS agents stormed the home of Lazaro Gonzalez and took away Elian Gonzalez to Washington, where he was united with his father. Riots erupted in Little Havana and 290 protesters were arrested.
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.A1,4)
2000        Apr 22, Earth Day 2000, the 30th annual anniversary, was celebrated in Washington DC with the theme “Clean Energy Now."
    (SFEC, 4/23/00, p.C8)
2000        Apr 22, Broadway producer Alexander Cohen died in NYC at age 79.
    (AP, 4/22/01)
2000        Apr 22, In Chechnya guerrillas attacked a Russian convoy and killed 15 soldiers near Serzhen-Yurt.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A10)
2000        Apr 22, In Rwanda Paul Kagami became president and appealed for an end to ethnic strife.
    (WSJ, 4/24/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 22, In Sri Lanka rebels took over Elephant Pass.
    (SFC, 5/9/00, p.A10)

2001        Apr 22, The Goldman Environmental Prize was awarded. Jane Akre and Steve Wilson, American TV journalist, won for reports on modified bovine growth hormone. Eugene Rutagarama of Rwanda won for efforts to protect the mountain gorillas. Myrsini Malakou and Giorgos Catsadorakis, Greek biologists, won for their efforts to save the Prespa wetlands. Yosepha Alomang, spokeswoman for the Amungme tribe of Irian Jaya, won for her opposition to mining dumps by Freeport McMoran. Oscar Olivera, grassroots leader in Bolivia, won for his efforts against water privatization. Bruno Van Peteghem, an Air France crew member, won for resisting mining activities on New Caledonia.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.A3)
2001        Apr 22, Two spacewalking astronauts, including Canadian Chris Hadfield, installed a massive Canadian-built robot arm on the international space station.
    (AP, 4/22/02)
2001        Apr 22, In Quebec City, Canada, 34 Western leaders affirmed the creation of a free trade zone by 2005. They agreed that only democratic nations could join and to penalize any country that strayed from the path of democracy.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/22/02)
2001        Apr 22, Ahmed Khalil Ibrahim Samir al-Ani, an Iraqi diplomat, was expelled from the Czech Republic. He was later reported to have met with Mohamed Atta and planned an attack on Radio Free Europe.  Five others were expelled in March 2003.
    (SFC, 11/10/01, p.A5)(AP, 11/30/09)
2001        Apr 22, In Israel a suicide bomber killed himself and an Israeli physician at a bus stop in Kfar Sava. 40-50 others were wounded.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 22, In Montenegro parliamentary elections pro-independence advocates won 42% of the seats vs. 40.6% for the opposition.
    (SFC, 4/22/01, p.D1)(SFC, 4/23/01, p.A8)(SFC, 4/24/01, p.A10)
2001        Apr 22, In a boxing match in South Africa, Hasim Rahman stopped Lennox Lewis in the fifth round to capture the WBC and IBF heavyweight titles in one of the biggest upsets in boxing history.
    (AP, 4/22/02)
2001        Apr 22, In Turkey pro-Chechen gunmen seized at least 30 hostages at the Istanbul Swissotel luxury hotel.
    (SFC, 4/23/01, p.A8)

2002        Apr 22, Zacarias Moussaoui (33), charged in connection with the Sep 11 terrorism, made a 50 minute statement and asked that his court-appointed attorneys be replaced by a Muslim legal consultant.
    (SFC, 4/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 22, Actor Robert Blake was charged with murder, solicitation of murder and conspiracy in the shooting death of his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley, outside a Los Angeles restaurant; Blake's bodyguard, Earle Caldwell, was charged with conspiracy to commit murder. Both men pleaded innocent and both were acquitted at criminal trial; Blake was later found liable in a civil trial.
    (AP, 4/22/07)
2002        Apr 22, Linda Boreman (53), who starred as Linda Lovelace in the 1972 porno film “Deep Throat," died in Denver from Apr 3 car crash injuries. Boreman became an anti-porn advocate after the film and authored “Ordeal" in 1980.
    (SFC, 4/23/02, p.A18)
2002        Apr 22, Argentina closed its banks and foreign-exchange markets indefinitely to stop the flow of money out of the country.
    (WSJ, 4/21/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 22, Colombia rebels kidnapped a governor and ex-defense minister during a peace march.
    (WSJ, 4/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 22, Israeli-Palestinian fighting left 7 Palestinians dead in the West Bank and Gaza along with 1 Israeli soldier. A leader of the al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade was killed in an Israeli helicopter attack.
    (SFC, 4/23/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 4/23/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 22, Vietnamese groups planned demonstrations in over 20 cities to protest the recent ceding of some 800 miles of land and water on the northern border of Vietnam to China without public input.
    (SSFC, 4/21/02, p.A24)

2003        Apr 22, President Bush announced he would nominate Alan Greenspan for a fifth term as Federal Reserve chairman.
    (AP, 4/22/04)
2003        Apr 22, A new study reported that tea boosts the body's defenses against infections. L-theonine in black tea is broken down in the liver to ethylamine, a molecule that primes the response of the immune system.
    (SFC, 4/22/03)
2003        Apr 22 American soldiers in Baghdad found $112 million sealed inside 7 animal kennels.
    (SFC, 4/23/03, A12)
2003        Apr 22, Felice Bryant (77), bluegrass song writer, died in Gatlinburg, Tenn. She and her late husband wrote such tunes as "Bye Bye Love" and other Everly Brothers hits and "Rocky Top" (1968).
    (SFC, 4/23/03, A21)(AP, 4/22/08)
2003        Apr 22, France proposed that the UN suspend economic sanctions against Iraq, but continue to operate the oil-for-food program.
    (SFC, 4/23/03, A8)
2003        Apr 22, Hundreds of thousands of Shiite pilgrims marched to the holy shrine in Karbala, where Hussein, the grandson of Muhammad, was killed in the 7th century Battle of Karbala between a small group of his followers and the Umayyad Army.
    (AP, 4/22/03)
2003        Apr 22, In Kashmir a bomb exploded beside a rural road, killing five people and injuring 12 others, as former Indian Home Secretary N.N. Vohra made a weeklong visit to the state to explore the possibility of talks with separatist groups.
    (AP, 4/22/03)
2003        Apr 22, In Senegal nearly a million people traveled to Touba, the hometown of 19th-century religious leader Sheikh Ahmadou Bamba. Fearing his growing influence, the French exiled Bamba in 1895 to their other colonial holdings in West Africa. Bamba returned to Touba in 1902 to launch and guide one of Senegal's main Muslim brotherhoods, the Mourides, until his death in 1927.
    (AP, 4/22/03)

2004        Apr 22, On Earth Day Pres. Bush toured a Maine nature preserve and said the US should try to expand its wetlands.
    (WSJ, 4/23/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 22, Sex abuse victims were awarded nearly $70 million after suing part of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
    (AP, 4/22/05)
2004        Apr 22, The Queen Mary 2 arrived in NYC on its maiden transatlantic voyage. A crew of 1,250 and 2,600 passengers made the 6-day crossing from Southampton, England.
    (SFC, 4/23/04, p.A3)
2004        Apr 22, Pat Tillman, former safety for the Arizona Cardinals, was killed in an ambush in Afghanistan. He had walked away from millions of dollars to join the Army Rangers and serve his country. In late May the Army said that Tillman was likely killed by friendly fire. In 2005 a new Army report said top officials held back information that Tillman was killed by “friendly fire." In 2007 a Pentagon report found no plot to conceal evidence, but recommended that officers be held accountable for making misleading statements about Tillman’s death. A general was censured on July 31, 2007. In 2009 Jon Krakauer authored “Where Men Win Glory: The Odyssey of Pat Tillman."
    (AP, 4/24/04)(AP, 5/29/04)(SFC, 5/4/05, p.A9)(SFC, 3/27/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/1/07, p.A1)(SSFC, 9/20/09, p.B1)
2004        Apr 22, Algerian officials said the Salafists, a rebel group linked to al Qaeda, were in surrender talks to end a 12-year Islamic insurgency.
    (WSJ, 4/23/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 22, In Brazil inmates at Urso Branco State Prison ended a 5-day rebellion that left nine people dead at the overcrowded prison, after authorities agreed to improve conditions.
    (AP, 4/22/04)
2004        Apr 22, Tens of thousands of Cypriots turned out in a final show of support for a U.N. plan to end the 30-year division of their island.
    (AP, 4/23/04)
2004        Apr 22, Guatemala Pres. Oscar Berger joined the heads of Congress and the Supreme Court in publicly acknowledging government responsibility in the 1990 killing of human rights leader Myrna Mack.
    (AP, 4/22/04)
2004        Apr 22, In Haiti Louis-Jodel Chamblain, a rebel commander convicted of killing supporters of ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, surrendered to justice officials.
    (AP, 4/23/04)
2004        Apr 22, The Iraqi health minister said that 576 Iraqi insurgents and civilians had died during the sharp upturn in violence since April 1 that has also taken the lives of at least 100 U.S. soldiers.
    (AP, 4/22/04)
2004        Apr 22, A gunman in traditional Arab robe and headdress shot and killed a South African security guard in a Baghdad shop after accusing him of being a Jew.
    (Reuters, 4/22/04)
2004        Apr 22, It was reported that Japanese scientists had demonstrated mammalian reproduction in mice using 2 sets of female genes.
    (SFC, 4/22/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 22, In Nigeria rival militias threatened to escalate an ethnic conflict in Nigeria's oil delta, where 10 people were killed this week in an attack on a boat full of market vendors.
    (AP, 4/22/04)
2004        Apr 22, In North Korea 2 trains carrying oil and liquefied petroleum gas exploded near the Ryongchon train station when workers knocked wagons against power lines. Over 160 were killed including 76 children, 1,249 injured and 8,100 homes were destroyed. This was later believed to have been an assassination attempt on Kim Jong Il. A mobile phone was used to detonate a huge bomb a t a train station. The incident markedly delayed the introduction of mobile phones in North Korea. 
    (, 4/23/04, p.A1)(AP, 4/25/04)(SSFC, 4/25/04, p.A14)(WSJ, 4/28/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 22, U.S. authorities prohibited Peru's largest airline, Aero Continente, from flying to the United States because of safety concerns.
    (AP, 4/23/04)
2004        Apr 22, Spain has agreed to a U.S. request to leave its intelligence agents in Iraq and not withdraw them along with its 1,300 troops.
    (AP, 4/22/04)
2004        Apr 22, Saudi security forces killed five wanted militants and were pursuing others after shootouts that spread over two days in the port city of Jiddah.
    (AP, 4/23/04)

2005        Apr 22, President Bush named Gen. Peter Pace to be the new chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2005        Apr 22, Zacarias Moussaoui pleaded guilty for participating in a 2001 broad conspiracy by al Qaeda to fly planes into American buildings.
    (SFC, 4/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 22, The US Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. agreed to take over the underfunded pension plans of United Airlines and assume some $6.6 billion in liabilities.
    (SFC, 4/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 22, The Nasdaq Stock Market said it will buy Instinet Group’s electronic trading network for $934.5 million.
    (SFC, 4/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Apr 22, Daron Acemoglu (37) of MIT, Turkish-born economist, won the John Bates Clark medal for his work on key factors in a nation’s economic destiny.
    (WSJ, 4/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 22, Elwood Norris, inventor of a HyperSonic Sound system, received the $500,000 annual Lemelson-MIT Prize. His system worked by sending a focused beam of sound above the range of human hearing. When it lands on you, it seems like sound is coming from inside your head.
    (AP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 22, Eduardo Paolozzi (b.1924), sculptor and printmaker, died. In 1952 he helped form an association of British artists called The Independent Group. Paolozzi, born in Scotland of Italian parents, became known as a key contributor to British pop art.
    (SSFC, 5/1/05, p.A23)(Econ, 4/30/05, p.82)
2005        Apr 22, In Colombia FARC guerrillas hit the village of Jambalo with mortars and gunfire in combat that began overnight and ended at dawn. Clashes have spread across a 14-mile-long strip along the western face of the Central Cordillera of the Andes.
    (AP, 4/23/05)
2005        Apr 22, Indian Foreign Minister Natwar Singh met Nepal's King Gyanendra on the fringes of an international summit in Jakarta and pushed for a restoration of democracy.
    (AFP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 22, A car bomb exploded during prayers at a Shiite mosque in Baghdad, killing eight people and wounding 20. A militant group claimed responsibility for shooting down a Russian-made helicopter carrying 11 civilians and released a video purportedly showing insurgents shooting the crash's lone survivor.
    (AP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 22, Al Jazeera television reported that insurgents gave Romania 4 days to withdraw its troops from Iraq in order to save the lives of 3 journalists kidnapped last month.
    (Reuters, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 22, Japan's PM Koizumi apologized for his country's World War II aggression in Asia in a bid to defuse tensions with regional rival China, but a Chinese diplomat dismissed the remarks, saying "actions are more important" than words.
    (AP, 4/22/05)
2005        Apr 22, The US Embassy in Caracas announced that President Hugo Chavez's government has unexpectedly ended a military exchange program with US.
    (AP, 4/22/05)

2006        Apr 22, In Alaska 6 seventh-graders were arrested in North Pole, just outside of Fairbanks, for conspiracy to commit murder during an assault on their school. Authorities found weapons in their homes.
    (AP, 4/25/06)
2006        Apr 22, In Spring, Texas 2 white teenagers severely beat and sodomized a Hispanic boy (16) who had tried to kiss a Hispanic girl (12). David Henry Tuck and 17-year-old were later charged with aggravated sexual assault. The beaten boy was in critical condition.
    (SFC, 4/28/06, p.A8)
2006        Apr 22, The 2-day Maker Faire began in San Mateo, Ca., as a gathering of tinkerers to display their gadgets.
    (Econ, 5/3/08, p.87)(
2006        Apr 22, Ed Davis, former LA police chief (1969-1978) and California state representative (1980-1992), died in San Luis Obispo.
    (SSFC, 4/23/06, p.B7)
2006        Apr 22, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb exploded as a Canadian armored vehicle drove by, killing four soldiers.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, Two British scientists reported that the long-term effects of the Chernobyl disaster could cause up to 66,000 extra deaths from cancer, 15 times more than UN officials predicted last year. Their report was titled "The Other Report on Chernobyl."
    (AFP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, In Colombia Pedro Gil Trujillo, a city council member in Rivera, was arrested while giving a live radio interview by telephone for allegedly masterminding a guerrilla attack that killed nine of his colleagues on Feb 27.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, Gunmen burst into the home of Satyadeo Sawh (50), Guyana's agriculture minister, and fatally shot him along with two relatives and a security guard.
    (AP, 4/22/06)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.42)
2006        Apr 22, In India Pramod Mahajan (56), the general secretary of the opposition Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party, was shot and critically wounded by his brother. Pramod Mahajan died from his wounds on May 3.
    (AP, 4/23/06)(AP, 5/4/06)
2006        Apr 22, The population of Kerala, India, was reported to be about 33 million. It boasted over 91% literacy. The per capita income was about half that of Goa, India’s richest state. Some 3.5 million Keralans worked abroad, 85% in the Middle East.
    (Econ, 4/22/06, p.43)
2006        Apr 22, Iran's envoy to the UN nuclear watchdog agency said the Islamic republic had reached a "basic deal" with the Kremlin to form a joint uranium enrichment venture on Russian territory, state-run television reported.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, Iraq president formally designated Shiite politician Jawad al-Maliki to form a new government, starting a process aimed at healing ethnic and religious wounds and pulling the nation out of insurgency and sectarian strife. Parliament elected President Jalal Talabani, a Kurd, to a second term and gave the post of parliament speaker to Mahmoud al-Mashhadani, a Sunni Arab. Suspected insurgents set off two bombs in a public market in northern Iraq, the second one timed to hit emergency crews arriving at the scene, and the blasts killed at least two Iraqis and wounded 17.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, In Fallujah, Iraq, Sheik Shaukit al-Kubaisi, a Sunni cleric and imam of a local mosque, was killed by gunmen. 5 US soldiers were killed in bombings in southern Baghdad. US and Iraqi forces fought an hour-long gunbattle with insurgents in Ramadi.
    (AP, 4/22/06)(AP, 4/23/06)
2006        Apr 22, Alida Valli (84), Italian movie star, died in Rome. She appeared in over 100 films that included “The Third Man" (1949).
    (SFC, 4/27/06, p.B7)
2006        Apr 22, Japan and South Korea defused a tense standoff over disputed waters, with Japan withdrawing a plan to survey the area and South Korea delaying plans to submit name proposals for underwater features.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, Morocco's King Mohammed VI pardoned all prisoners from the disputed territory of Western Sahara currently being held in jails in the kingdom.
    (AFP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, Nepali security opened fire on tens of thousands of protesters marching toward the royal palace in defiance of a curfew, as opposition leaders rejected the king's proposals for restoring democracy.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, Saudi Arabia and China signed defense, security and trade agreements in Riyadh on the first day of Chinese President Hu Jintao's visit.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, Hassan al-Turabi, a Sudanese Islamist leader who once protected Al-Qaeda supremo Osama bin Laden, was branded an apostate by the country's Muslim scholars for taking a liberal stand on women's rights.
    (AFP, 4/23/06)
2006        Apr 22, In eastern Ukraine homemade bombs exploded in lockers at two supermarkets, wounding as many as 14 people.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, Thousands of Venezuelans lay in the outlines of bodies chalked on a main avenue to protest against President Hugo Chavez's handling of violent crime, while supporters held a separate demonstration backing his social policies.
    (AP, 4/22/06)
2006        Apr 22, Vietnam welcomed Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates, who then spoke in Hanoi on Vietnam’s potential in IT development.
    (SSFC, 4/23/06, p.A14)

2007        Apr 22, The annual Goldman Environmental Prizes were announced on Earth Day. The winners included Julio Cusurichi of Peru for his work to fight illegal logging; Willie Corduff of Ireland for his work to halt an energy project that disregarded local and environmental concerns; Sophia Rabliauskas of Canada for her work to help protect the boreal forest in Manitoba; Orri Vigfussen of Iceland for his work on the North Atlantic Salmon Fund; Ts. Munkhbayar for his work against unregulated mining in Mongolia; and Hammerskjoeld Simwinga for his work in organizing microloan programs in Zambia.
    (SSFC, 4/22/07, p.E1)
2007        Apr 22, In eastern Afghanistan 2 suicide bombers blew themselves up in Khost, killing 11 civilians and wounding over 40 others. In Paktia province, a mob of Taliban fighters ambushed a police patrol, kicking off a three-hour battle that left 5 Taliban dead. Assailants in Laghman province bombed an intelligence service vehicle in an attack that killed two intelligence service officers, a soldier and a driver in the provincial capital of Mehtar Lam. In Ghazni province assailants abducted and beheaded an Afghan intelligence service employee.
    (AFP, 4/22/07)(AP, 4/23/07)
2007        Apr 22, Bangladesh issued an arrest warrant for opposition leader Sheikh Hasina Wajed as a plane arrived to take her arch rival, the country's last prime minister Khaleda Zia, into exile in Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 4/22/07)
2007        Apr 22, In Bosnia a fast-moving fire tore through an orphanage in Sarajevo, killing five babies and injuring 17 others.
    (AP, 4/22/07)
2007        Apr 22, Zhou Chunxiu made history as the first Chinese runner to win the London marathon as she came home in 2hrs 20min 38sec, finishing ahead of Ethiopia's Gete Wami and Romanian Constantina Tomescu-Dita.
    (AP, 4/22/07)
2007        Apr 22, Jorge Luis Garcia Perez, a veteran dissident leader who wrote a book about Cuban prison conditions while behind bars, was freed after serving his entire 17-year sentence.
    (AP, 4/23/07)
2007        Apr 22, Government officials said 8 Ethiopians held hostage for 52 days after they were kidnapped along with five European tourists have been released unharmed. The ex-hostages later told Ethiopian television that they had been mistreated by their captors, who wore Eritrean army uniforms.
    (AP, 4/22/07)(AFP, 4/27/07)
2007        Apr 22, French voters turned out in force to choose a new president in one of the country's most suspense-filled elections in recent times. In the first round conservative Nicolas Sarkozy and Socialist rival Segolene Royal received enough votes to advance to a runoff, which Sarkozy won.
    (AP, 4/22/07)(AP, 4/22/08)
2007        Apr 22, In India’s Uttar Pradesh state a small political party pushed for the reinstatement of the legal rights of people wrongly declared dead by unscrupulous relatives trying to steal their assets. The Indian Express reported that 8 tigers were missing from the Ranthambore National Park in western India, raising new concerns about the country's dwindling big cat population.
    (AP, 4/22/07)(AP, 4/22/07)
2007        Apr 22, PM Nouri al-Maliki, on a tour to ask the mostly Sunni-led governments of the Arab world to help his struggling government stop the violence in Iraq, received a strong endorsement from Egypt. Two suicide car bombers attacked a police station in Baiyaa, a mixed Sunni-Shiite area of western Baghdad, killing at least 19 people and turning nearby buildings into piles of rubble. A former member of Saddam Hussein's Baath Party was gunned down near his house in Fallujah. In Suwayrah three bodies were found floating in the Tigris River, blindfolded with the hands bound, and gunshots in the head and chest. The bodies of three brothers abducted six days ago in Mosul were also discovered. In Basra a suspect accused of attacks on British and Iraqi troops in the area was killed in a raid. Two of the man's brothers were arrested. Gunmen in northern Iraq stopped a bus filled with Christians and members of the tiny, mostly Kurdish, Yazidi religious sect, separating out the groups. 21 of the Yazidi passengers were killed. In Mahmoudiya US and Iraqi forces detained eight suspected insurgents and confiscated three caches of weapons during a raid on an apartment complex, including mortars, rockets and ammunition. The weapons appeared to be new and were stamped with recent dates and Iranian markings.
    (AP, 4/22/07)(SFC, 4/23/07, p.A7)(AP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 22, Israeli troops killed two Palestinian militants, including a top bombmaker, during an arrest raid. The Islamic militant group Hamas called for new attacks on Israel after eight Palestinians were killed in a surge of fighting over the weekend.
    (AP, 4/22/07)
2007        Apr 22-2007 Apr 23, In Italy Marco Ahmetovic (22) killed the four teenage boys after driving his van onto a pavement while under the influence of alcohol. He was sentenced to 6-1/2 years detention, but was allowed to spend most of that time under house arrest in return for cooperating with the court.
    (Reuters, 11/29/07)
2007        Apr 22, Japan went to the polls in two upper-house by-elections and a chain of local elections that could further weaken the leadership of embattled PM Shinzo Abe.
    (AFP, 4/22/07)
2007        Apr 22, Marcos Leyes Perez, the son of the US consul in southern Oaxaca state, was stabbed during an apparent mugging.
    (AP, 4/23/07)
2007        Apr 22, The two main opposition parties denounced the conduct of Nigeria's presidential elections. An influential, homegrown observer group called for a cancellation of the vote meant to cement civilian rule in Africa's top oil producer.
    (AP, 4/22/07)
2007        Apr 22, Trustees said a fund to compensate Puerto Rico for damages from a 1994 oil spill will be used to build an artificial reef, create a shoreline nature reserve and restore the walls of a Spanish colonial fort.
    (AP, 4/22/07)
2007        Apr 22, In Mogadishu, Somalia, the two main hospitals said they admitted 26 civilians wounded as fighting eased.
    (AP, 4/22/07)
2007        Apr 22, South Korea agreed to send 400,000 tons of rice to impoverished North Korea despite the communist government's failure to meet a deadline to shut down its nuclear reactor.
    (AP, 4/22/07)

2008        Apr 22, In New Orleans Pres. Bush ended a 2-day meeting with PM Harper of Canada and Pres. Calderon of Mexico as all three defended NAFTA. Bush denied the US is in recession calling the current economic situation a slowdown.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/23/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 22, In Pennsylvania Hillary Clinton won the primary with about 55% of the vote to 45% for Obama.
    (AP, 4/23/08)
2008        Apr 22, A US district Court in Manhattan charged Ben-ami Kadish (84), a former US Army mechanical engineer, with 4 counts of conspiracy. He was charged of spying for Israel and sending classified documents on nuclear weapons to an employee of the Israeli consulate.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 22, In California Gov. Schwarzenegger designated the historic Irvine Ranch, nearly 40,000 acres of protected habitat, as the 1st California Natural Landmark.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.B6)
2008        Apr 22, In Richmond, Ca., Uriah Dach, a mentally ill man, died following a struggle with police at a mental health center. Police used pepper spray, shock weapons and batons to subdue him. In 2011 the city of Richmond agreed to pay his family $1.5 million.
    (SFC, 11/24/11, p.C6)
2008        Apr 22, In California a grizzly bear named Rocky (5) killed trainer Stephan Miller (39) at the Randy Miller’s Predators in Action center in San Bernadino County.
    (SFC, 4/23/08, p.A2)(SFC, 4/24/08, p.B2)
2008        Apr 22, The Bank of Canada cut its benchmark interest rate by half a percentage point to 3 percent, as expected, but suggested it might pause a little before cutting rates again.
    (Reuters, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22, In Colombia former Sen. Mario Uribe, a 2nd cousin and close political ally of President Alvaro Uribe wanted for allegedly backing illegal militias, surrendered to police after Costa Rica denied him political asylum. Charges included seeking support from right-wing paramilitary gunmen in 2002 and buying land that was illegally obtained by them.
    (AP, 4/23/08)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.55)
2008        Apr 22, In Indonesia torchbearers ran laps with the Olympic flame in front of an invitation-only crowd after officials changed the relay route from Jakarta's streets to a sports stadium amid pressure from China to keep away demonstrators.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22, Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki, at a meeting in Kuwait, urged neighboring countries to help dry up "the springs of terrorism" by preventing militants from obtaining weapons and financing from abroad.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22, In Iraq a Shadow reconnaissance crashed south of Baghdad. A female suicide bombing in Diyala province killed 18 people including 10 Iraqi civilians, a Kurd and 7 Iraqi policemen. A car bomb in Mosul killed on person. In Baghdad 21 suspected gunmen were killed in Shiite militia strongholds. Officials said 15 civilians were among the dead, including two women. A US airstrike killed a militant planting a bomb wire. Police said an air strike killed 8 civilians. A car bomb killed 2 US Marines and 10 Iraqis in Anbar province.
    (AP, 4/22/08)(AP, 4/23/08)(SFC, 4/23/08, p.A2)
2008        Apr 22,     Alitalia flew into the unknown after Air France-KLM withdrew its takeover offer, leaving Italy's long-struggling flagship airline with little choice but to contemplate bankruptcy or receivership. The outgoing center-left government allowed a loan of €300 million to Alitalia.
    (AP, 4/22/08)(Econ, 4/26/08, p.68)
2008        Apr 22, Anglo-Dutch oil group Shell reported output loss of 169,000 barrels per day following the sabotage of its key supply pipelines in southern Nigeria.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22,     Senior representatives said Hamas has softened its position and is willing to accept a cease-fire in just the Gaza Strip, dropping a demand that the truce immediately include the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22,     The Royal Bank of Scotland announced a record share issue of 12 billion pounds to shore up its finances after huge subprime-related writedowns and the blockbuster takeover of Dutch giant ABN Amro.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22,    Security forces in northern Somalia stormed a hijacked ship carrying food, rescuing hostages and arresting seven pirates. The seizure was the latest in a spate of pirate attacks off the increasingly lawless Somali coast.
    (AP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22, In Sri Lanka rebels said Tamil separatists had destroyed an army tank after Sri Lankan war planes bombed a Roman Catholic church compound killing a man and wounding two children.
    (AFP, 4/22/08)
2008        Apr 22,     In Sudan counting started in a census seen as a vital step towards holding democratic elections after a landmark 2005 north-south peace deal. In southern Sudan ethnic clashes broke out that also targeted equipment and facilities used in the nationwide census. Later reports said some 95 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/22/08)(AFP, 4/25/08)

2009        Apr 22, David Kellermann (41), the acting chief financial officer of money-losing mortgage giant Freddie Mac was found dead at his home. Police said it was an apparent suicide. Freddie Mac and sibling company Fannie Mae have both come under fire from lawmakers as they plan to pay more than $210 million in bonuses through next year to give workers the incentive to stay in their jobs.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, In Connecticut a decade-long battle for marriage equality ended when the General Assembly voted to update the state's marriage laws to conform with a landmark court ruling allowing gay and lesbian couples to tie the knot.
    (AP, 4/23/09)
2009        Apr 22, In Afghanistan a cascading collection of deep-blue high-mountain lakes became the country’s first provisional national park, as the violence-plagued nation took a big first step toward protecting one of its finest natural treasures.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, Britain’s Chancellor Alistair Darling said the government will pay drivers to swap old cars for new in a scheme to boost its stricken auto sector, mirroring moves in Germany and other European nations. He also said he saw the economy starting to grow again by the end of this year following the worst recession since World War II.
    (AP, 4/22/09)(AFP, 4/21/09)
2009        Apr 22, Jack Cardiff (94), British cinematographer, died. Cardiff was one of the first cinematographers to shoot in Technicolor. He won an Academy Award for the film "Black Narcissus" and was awarded an honorary Oscar for his work in 2001.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, The film “City of Life and Death," written and directed by Chuan Lu, opened in China. It depicted the 1937 Japanese assault on Nanjing.
    (Econ, 5/2/09, p.43)(
2009        Apr 22, The European Commission published a consultative green paper on the common fisheries policy (CFP). With almost all stocks overfished, it called for drastic cuts in the EU's 90,000-strong fishing fleet and subsidies to safeguard a sustainable and economically viable fishing industry.
    (AP, 4/22/09)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.58)
2009        Apr 22, In northern France an auto parts factory was closed after employees angry over job losses ransacked offices and prompted new concern about increasingly violent French worker protests.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, In Georgia thousands of opposition supporters from the provinces poured into the capital to join the protests aimed at forcing President Mikhail Saakashvili to step down.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, In Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel's Cabinet approved a new law to require the vast majority of the country's Internet service providers to block child pornography sites.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed at least five people and wounded 15 inside a mosque in central Iraq. A US soldier died from combat related injuries sustained during a patrol in an eastern section of Baghdad.
    (Reuters, 4/23/09)(AP, 4/23/09)
2009        Apr 22, In Ireland about 15 masked men armed with steel bars, chains and nail-studded clubs ransacked a Shell pipeline site, in the latest trouble for Ireland's most controversial energy project. Shell has spent four years battling opponents of the project in both the courts and on the ground in rural County Mayo, where the global energy giant has government permission to pump natural gas from an untapped field 80 kilometers (50 miles) out in the Atlantic. It was the first time a paramilitary-style gang has attacked a Shell site in Ireland.
    (AP, 4/23/09)
2009        Apr 22, In Lesotho a military-style offensive took place on the official residence of the PM Pakalitha Mosisili. Two men were arrested shortly after the shooting. 7 others were arrested across the border in South Africa the day after the shooting. The 9 men were charged with 31 counts, including murder and attempted murder in the attack.
    (AFP, 7/28/11)
2009        Apr 22, In Mexico the bullet-riddled bodies of the two army officers were found in the Durango township of Tepehuanes, about 30 miles (50 kms) south of Guanacevi. The discovery happened days after Roman Catholic Archbishop Hector Gonzalez Martinez created a stir by saying that Sinaloa cartel leader Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman lives near the town of Guanacevi.
    (AP, 4/23/09)
2009        Apr 22, In Nigeria 7 high-ranking officials from the country's electricity regulatory commission were charged with "criminal diversion" of state funds. The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) accused chairman Ransome Owan and six of the agency's commissioners of diverting for their private use about five billion naira ($33 million/26 million euros).
    (AFP, 4/23/09)
2009        Apr 22, A group of Norwegian lawyers filed a complaint accusing 10 Israelis of war crimes in Gaza under the country's new universal jurisdiction law.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, Somalia's foreign minister urged the international community to help its fledgling government set up a coast guard to fight the rampant piracy that has disrupted shipping in one of the world's busiest waterways.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, South Africans voted in general elections set to launch the ruling ANC party's controversial leader Jacob Zuma (67) into the presidency. The African National Congress took 65.9 percent of the nearly 18 million votes cast, failing to get its coveted two-thirds of the seats in the 400-member parliament. The Democratic Alliance (DA), under Helen Zille, won nearly 17% and 17 seats, while the new COPE Party got barely 7% of the vote. The Inkatha Freedom Party got 5% of the vote winning 18 seats.
    (AFP, 4/22/09)(AP, 4/25/09)(Econ, 4/25/09, p.53)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.13)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.50)
2009        Apr 22, A South Korean court convicted and handed down a death sentence to a masseur charged with killing 10 people, including his wife and mother-in-law. Kang Ho-sun (38) was indicted in February in the slayings of eight office workers, karaoke bar employees and university students after abducting them between September 2006 and December 2008. Kang was also accused of burning to death his wife and mother-in-law in 2005 in an attempt to win insurance money.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, Two Tamil Tiger officials surrendered to the Sri Lankan army, and refugees joined a stream of more than 80,000 people the government says have fled a war zone that appeared to shrink by the hour.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, A Sudanese court sentenced 11 members of the Darfur rebel Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) to death and acquitted five others for an unprecedented 2008 attack on Khartoum. A district official said the death toll from clashes between rival ethnic groups in south Sudan has risen to 250 people, with dozens of children also abducted.
    (AFP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, The Turkish Foreign Ministry said Turkey and Armenia have agreed on a roadmap for normalizing relations and reaching reconciliation, but it wasn't immediately clear how they would tackle their bitter dispute over Ottoman-era killings of ethnic Armenians.
    (AP, 4/22/09)
2009        Apr 22, In Yemen two young sons of a Yemeni detainee at Guantanamo were buried after a grenade they were playing with accidentally detonated inside their home. The two boys were the sons of Guantanamo prisoner #1463, Abdelsalam al-Hilah, a businessman who was captured in Cairo in 2002 and sent to Guantanamo on charges of terrorism.
    (AP, 4/24/09)

2010        Apr 22, The US National Research Council released a study that found the level of acid in oceans increasing by 30% since the start of the Industrial Revolution, some 200 years ago. This came on the 40th observance of Earth Day.
    (SFC, 4/23/10, p.A16)
2010        Apr 22, In Jefferson City, Missouri, Chris Shaw (29), a tattooed father of three, came forward as the $258 million winner of the 10th-largest Powerball jackpot ever.
    (AP, 4/23/10)
2010        Apr 22, CenturyTel Inc., the fifth-largest US local-phone company, said that it will buy Qwest Communications International Inc., the third-largest, in a stock swap worth $10.6 billion to gain the benefits of scale in a shrinking business.
    (AP, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, Codexis, a Redwood City, Calif.-based developer of biocatalysts for drug and biofuel production, launched its initial public offering at $13 per share. Codexis was founded in 2002 as a spin-out from drug developer Maxygen, which now owns about 21.3%.
    (Econ, 10/30/10, p.85)(
2010        Apr 22, In San Francisco Alicia Parlette (28), former copy editor, died at UCSF of cancer. Her diagnosis of incurable cancer at age 23 led to “Alicia’s Story," a 17-part series in the SF Chronicle.
    (SFC, 4/23/10, p.C5)
2010        Apr 22, The world’s first cloned polo pony was born in the US.
2010        Apr 22, The Int’l. Whaling Commission (IWC), under Chilean chairman Crishan Maquieira, unveiled a peace plan whereby the current moratorium would be lifted for a decade if whalers would agree to sharp reductions in their catch. The plan will be considered at the June meeting of the IWC in Morocco.
    (Econ, 5/1/10, p.62)
2010        Apr 22, Afghan and NATO forces came under heavy fire while searching a compound in eastern Logar province, sparking a gunbattle that killed two US soldiers and five insurgents.
    (AP, 4/23/10)
2010        Apr 22, Armenia suspended ratification of peace accords with Turkey, setting back to square one US-backed efforts to bury a century of hostility between the neighbors.
    (Reuters, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, Belgian Premier Yves Leterme's government collapsed after negotiations broke down to resolve a long-simmering dispute between Dutch and French-speaking politicians over a bilingual voting district.
    (AP, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, In Burkina Faso Health Minister Seydou Bouda said a strain of meningitis, called X, has killed 718 people out of 5,118 cases in the West African country since January.
    (AP, 4/23/10)
2010        Apr 22, European airports sent thousands of planes into the sky after a week of unprecedented disruptions, with airlines piling on more flights and bigger planes to try to get as many people home as possible.
    (AP, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, Markets hammered Greece after the EU revised the debt-ridden country's deficit and debt figures upwards, sending the country's borrowing costs to unsustainably high levels and pushing Athens closer to calling for an expensive rescue.
    (AP, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, In Iraq an American soldier died of injuries that were not a result of combat.
    (AP, 4/23/10)
2010        Apr 22, Israel unveiled an indictment against five of its citizens, including a retired army general, charging them with operating a nationwide organ trafficking ring that ensnared dozens of potential victims.
    (AP, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, Al-Qaida in North Africa kidnapped Frenchman Michel Germaneau (78) in northern Niger. On May 14 a militant Web site said it wanted to trade him for the group's prisoners in France and other nations. A day before the kidnapping, four Sahara Desert nations opened a joint military headquarters in the Algerian city of Tamanrasset to combat terrorism and trafficking. On July 25 al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb said it had killed the 78-year-old French hostage in retaliation for the killing of six al-Qaida members in a recent raid by Mauritanian forces aided by the French military.
    (AP, 5/14/10)(AP, 7/25/10)
2010        Apr 22, Nigeria’s Acting President Goodluck Jonathan approved a 4.6 trillion naira (31-billion-dollar) budget that increased spending by about 50%. He also signed a bill that gives preferential treatment to Nigerian companies wanting to take part in the country's oil industry.
    (AP, 4/23/10)
2010        Apr 22, Pakistan security forces, backed by tanks and artillery, killed at least 20 Taliban militants in a clash in the northwestern region of Orakzai. One soldier was killed in the fighting. Militants ambushed a Pakistani army convoy traveling in North Waziristan that is mostly home to insurgent groups focused on the war in neighboring Afghanistan, killing eight soldiers. Intelligence officials said tribesmen joined local Taliban fighters to stage the ambush after a 15-year-old boy in the area was allegedly shot to death by an earlier group of traveling soldiers.
    (Reuters, 4/22/10)(AP, 4/23/10)
2010        Apr 22, A South Korean news report said the South Korea's military believes a torpedo fired from a North Korean submarine sank its navy ship last month, based on intelligence gathered jointly with the United States.
    (Reuters, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, Sri Lanka's detained former army chief, Sarath Fonseka, briefly emerged from custody for the opening of parliament and accused the government of planning to silence his "fight for democracy." He was briefly allowed out of custody to attend parliament, in which he won a seat in parliamentary elections two weeks ago.
    (AFP, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, In Thailand a series of blasts were detonated near a massive encampment of anti-government protesters in Bangkok, wounding as many as 28 people. At least one person was reported killed.
    (AP, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, The UN World Health Organization and UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) asked for funds for vaccinations saying almost 200 children have died of measles in 16 African countries in the first three months of this year.
    (AFP, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, Pope Benedict XVI accepted the resignation of Irish Bishop James Moriarty of Kildare, who acknowledged failing to report abuse to police, while a German bishop also offered to step down.
    (AP, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, Venezuelan authorities raided eight drug laboratories near the Colombian border, seizing 4.5 tons of cocaine in one of the largest hauls in recent times.
    (Reuters, 4/22/10)
2010        Apr 22, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe welcomed Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a meeting of two leaders united in fierce opposition to the West.
    (AP, 4/22/10)

2011        Apr 22, In Missouri a tornado tore through a terminal at St. Louis Lambert Airport, causing several injuries and sending people scurrying for shelter as plated glass shattered around them. Gov. Jay Nixon announced a state of emergency, allowing state agencies to assist communities with their emergency responses to the storm's aftermath.
    (AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, Oregon motorcycle officer Chris Kilcullen (43) was fatally shot while chasing a fleeing driver. The female driver was arrested after a standoff with a SWAT team.
    (SSFC, 4/24/11, p.A11)
2011        Apr 22, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed five Afghan border policemen. An insurgent attack left one NATO service member dead in the east. Afghan forces killed eight insurgents in a gunbattle in the Pech Valley area of eastern Kunar province. A suicide attacker on foot detonated a vest packed with explosives at the entrance to a building used by education officials in Jayi Maydan district of Khost province. The bomber died in the attack and four people were wounded.
    (AP, 4/22/11)(AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, Anglo-Australian miner Rio Tinto settled a long-running dispute over Guinea's huge Simandou iron ore field, with the West African nation agreeing to take a stake of up to 35 percent.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 22, Physicians for Human Rights said at least 32 health care professionals in Bahrain have been detained since martial law was declared last month to quell anti-government demonstrations by the country's Shiite majority demanding greater freedoms and equal rights.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, In Brazil gunmen killed Jorge Grando, an environmental activist, his brother and three friends.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 22, Cambodia and Thailand exchanged artillery and gunfire for several hours in a flare-up of a long-running border dispute that left six soldiers killed.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, In China truck drivers protested for a third day over rising fuel costs and fees, disrupting the flow of goods in Shanghai, China's busiest port city.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, In southern Egypt tens of thousands, led by hard-line Islamists, protested the appointment of a Coptic Christian governor in Qena province.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, Gambia said it wants the Libyan ambassador loyal to Moammar Gadhafi to leave and declared its support for the Benghazi-based rebel council.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, The Hungarian Red Cross evacuated hundreds of Roma women and children from their homes because they were frightened of a far-right vigilante group that was setting up a training camp near their village.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, In India an army helicopter went down in the state of Sikkim, killing four.
    (AP, 5/1/11)
2011        Apr 22, In southern Iraq two American soldiers were killed while conducting operations.
    (AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara ordered Gen. Ibrahim "IB" Coulibaly, who led two coups in Ivory Coast and commands the Invisible Commando force, to lay down arms or be forcibly disarmed. Coulibaly agreed but said it would take time to organize.
    (AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, Japan announced a $49 billion special budget for areas devastated by last month's quake and tsunami and said it would extend an evacuation zone around a nuclear plant crippled by the disaster.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, Libyan rebels wrested control of a downtown office building in Misrata which had been a base for Gaddafi's snipers and other troops, after a furious two-week-long battle. Rebels welcomed US plans to deploy unmanned aircraft. Two people were killed in NATO raids on the Zintan region.
    (AP, 4/22/11)(AFP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 22, Mexican authorities released another tally of corpses unearthed from pits in the northeastern state of Tamaulipas: 32 bodies discovered in the past week, bringing the monthly total to 177. A farmer opened fire on a crowd as they were leaving a church in the town of Los Pozos, Veracruz state, killing a woman and two children and wounding another minor. Farmer Leonardo Bautista Rivera later the same day in his home.
    (AP, 4/22/11)(AP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, In Morocco masked students with sticks and knives went on the rampage in a university campus in Rabat after a student from the disputed Western Sahara territory was stabbed to death. The clashes followed the deadly stabbing of student Abbad Hammad (25), from the Western Sahara, in a brawl the previous evening near the campus when Hammad got drunk and harassed a woman.
    (Reuters, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, In northern Nigeria suspects detained in post-election violence have rioted at an overcrowded jail and more than a dozen of them escaped.
    (AFP, 4/23/11)
2011        Apr 22, In northwest Pakistan a US drone strike targeting Taliban killed 25 people including 20 militants, 3 children and 2 women, after 16 security forces died in an insurgent attack.
    (AFP, 4/22/11)(AP, 2/25/12)
2011        Apr 22, In the Philippines at least 21 people were missing and three confirmed dead after a night-time landslide ravaged a gold mining village in a mountainous area of Mindanao.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, Syrian security forces fired live bullets and tear gas at tens of thousands of people shouting for freedom and democracy in several areas across the country. At least 109 people were killed in the clashes.
    (Reuters, 4/22/11)(AP, 4/23/11)(Reuters, 4/24/11)(SFC, 4/25/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 22, Workers in Tajikistan began dismantling the 22.5-m (74-foot) Lenin monument in the city center of Khujand, once known as Leninabad in honor of the Soviet founder. The statue, built in 1974 to mark the 50th anniversary of the leader's death, was being moved a new location next to a war memorial on the western fringe of the city.
    (AP, 4/22/11)
2011        Apr 22, Yemeni authorities arrested several officers moving against military figures who defected from the camp of the country's embattled president to join the opposition. A sea of hundreds of thousands of anti-government protesters swelled along a five-lane boulevard reaching across Yemen's capital in the largest of two months of demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/22/11)

2012        Apr 22, In Albany, Ca., Occupy the Farm protesters took over the Gill Tract as a protest against planned development and housing nearby. UC Berkeley used the tract for agricultural experiments. Police cleared the farm of protesters on May 14.
    (SFC, 5/15/12, p.C3)
2012        Apr 22, A meteor, dubbed the Sutter’s Mill Meteriote, exploded into fragments over northern California. It weighed barely 2 pounds and was apparently from a family of known asteroids named 495 Eulalia. 
    (SFC, 12/21/12, p.C9)
2012        Apr 22, In Florida George Zimmerman was released without incident around midnight from a Florida county jail on $150,000 bail as he awaits his second-degree murder trial for fatally shooting Trayvon Martin.
    (AP, 4/23/12)
2012        Apr 22, In North Bend, Washington state, two women were found dead in a house fire. Both were shot to death. Peter Keller (41), who had shared the house with his wife and daughter, was sought as a person of interest. On April 28 after a 22-hour standoff, police blew the top off a mountain bunker near Seattle, only to find Keller dead of a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
    (SFC, 4/24/12, p.A4)(AP, 4/28/12)
2012        Apr 22, A prize-winning, super-energy-saving 10-watt LED bulb from Dutch electronics giant Philips, went on sale to coincide with Earth Day. The bulb, said to last over 20 years, has won the US Department of Energy's "Bright Tomorrow Lighting Prize" and was now available from retailers for $50, down from an initial $60 price tag.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, Google launched Street View in Israel, the US Internet giant said, putting on show streets and sites of interest from the Holy Land's three major cities with its 360-degree street-level images.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, Afghanistan and the US agreed on a much-delayed strategic partnership (SPA) deal that is meant to govern the US role in Afghanistan as international forces draw down and for decades after. The agreement pledged US support for 10 years.
    (AP, 4/22/12)(SFC, 4/23/12, p.A3)(Econ, 4/28/12, p.43)
2012        Apr 22, Bahrain's Formula One Grand Prix went ahead despite a week of daily protests amid rising tensions between the kingdom's Sunni rulers and their majority Shiite population. Protesters burnt tires on the main road linking the capital to Sakhir race track, as security forces stopped dozens of others from marching towards the now demolished Pearl Square in central Manama. The British Channel 4 News crew, including foreign correspondent Jonathan Miller, were arrested while covering a series of Shiite-led anti-government protests. Bahrain had paid $40 million to the sport’s governing body to host the race.
    (AFP, 4/23/12)(Econ, 4/21/12, p.63)
2012        Apr 22, Bangladesh police in the northeastern city of Sylhet fired rubber bullets and tear gas at stone-throwing opposition supporters enforcing a strike to protest a politician's disappearance, leaving dozens injured. Elias Ali, who heads the local branch of the opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party, went missing in Dhaka on April17.
    (AP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, Kenya's Wilson Kipsang and Mary Keitany triumphed in the London Marathon. Claire Squires (30) collapsed and died near the end of her charity run in the race.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)(SFC, 4/25/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 22, China and Russia launched their first joint naval exercises, with 6 days of war games in the Yellow Sea that come amid tensions between China and its Asian neighbors over territorial claims.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, Chinese blind lawyer Chen Guangcheng (40), one of the country’s best-known rights activists, made a daring escape from house arrest in Shandong province. By the end of the week he recorded a video detailing the abuses he and his family have suffered and expressed serious concerns for his wife and young son, still being held at the family's home. Chen reportedly found refuge in the US Embassy.
    (AFP, 4/27/12)(SFC, 4/28/12, p.A3)
2012        Apr 22, Egypt said it had scrapped the 2005 gas export deal with Israel, which generates 40 percent of its electricity from natural gas, with Egypt providing 43 percent of its gas supplies. The balance comes from Israel's own Yam Thetis offshore gas field. East Mediterranean Gas Company (EMG), which exports the gas to Israel, said it was cancelled because the Israeli company failed to respect conditions stipulated in the contract.
    (AFP, 4/23/12)
2012        Apr 22, France held its first round of presidential elections. The first-round balloting trimmed down a list of 10 candidates to two finalists for a May 6 runoff. Final results showed Socialist Francois Hollande won 28.6% of the vote and incumbent conservative Nicolas Sarkozy 27.2%. Far-right nationalist Marine Le Pen was in third with 17.9%.
    (AP, 4/22/12)(AP, 4/23/12)
2012        Apr 22, Iran's principal oil terminal on Kharg island in the Gulf was disconnected from the Internet. A voracious virus attack hit computers running key parts of Iran's oil sector, forcing authorities to unplug the oil export terminal from the Internet and to set up a cyber crisis team.
    (AFP, 4/23/12)
2012        Apr 22, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki was given a red carpet welcome by Iran’s First Vice President Mohammad Reza Rahimi at Saadabad Palace in north Tehran. He was scheduled to meet with Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad during a two-day official visit.
    (AP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, The Israeli Prisons Service said at least 1,350 Palestinian prisoners being held in Israeli jails are observing an open-ended hunger strike, after another 150 inmates began refusing food.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, In Kenya 7 people were killed when flash floods hit as they were trekking through Hell's Gate national park.
    (AFP, 4/23/12)
2012        Apr 22, In Lebanon 7 people were injured when an explosion apparently caused by a bomb shook the Nocean restaurant at midnight in the coastal town of Tyre.
    (AFP, 4/23/12)
2012        Apr 22, Thousands of young Mauritanian opposition protestors took to the streets of Nouakchott to demand President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, a former coup leader, step down.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, In Syria UN cease-fire monitors toured the rebel-held town of Hama with army defectors, while government troops pounded a Damascus suburb with artillery and heavy machine guns. 2 people were reported killed by indiscriminate firing in Douma. 4 soldiers were also killed when a roadside bomb hit an armored personnel carrier in the town. Security forces also killed three people in the northern province of Idlib and one person in the village of Hteita outside Damascus when troops opened fire from a checkpoint.
    (AP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, Taiwan local media reported government plans to purchase four warships from the United States as part of the island's efforts to modernize its forces and offset the perceived military threat from China.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, UN and African officials urged sovereign wealth funds (SWF) worth an estimated $5 trillion to invest in developing countries, even as they seek the right climate and demand steps against corruption.
    (AFP, 4/22/12)
2012        Apr 22, Yemen’s army fired a series of artillery shells on suspected Al-Qaeda positions late today near the city of Loder (Lawder), killing 13 militants. At least three other militants were killed elsewhere, in an air strike on several vehicles traveling in a remote desert region in the country's eastern Marib province. The financier of Yemen's Al-Qaeda branch, Mohammed Said al-Omda (also known as Abu Gharib Taizi) was among the dead. Former Pres. Saleh's half brother, air force commander Mohammed Saleh al-Ahmar, finally gave up his command and left his office at the military section of the international airport at Sanaa.
    (AFP, 4/23/12)(AP, 4/24/12)(AFP, 5/10/12)

2013        Apr 22, US prosecutors charged Dzhokhar Tsarnaev for the Boston Marathon bombings in an impromptu hearing in his hospital room, accusing him of crimes that could carry the death penalty if he is convicted. Sixteen hours after investigators began interrogating him, Tsarnaev went silent: He'd just been read his constitutional rights.
    (Reuters, 4/22/13)(AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 22, A US federal judge ruled that the government must release the names of Latin American military leaders it has trained at the installation formerly known as the School of the Americas in Fort Benning, Ga. The facility is now called the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation. Names were released from 1994, but disclosure ended in 2004 under Pres. George W. Bush.
    (SFC, 4/24/13, p.E1)
2013        Apr 22, A new San Francisco company called the Minerva Project announced that it will issue an annual $500,000 prize to one autstanding higher education faculty member whose innovations have led to extraordinary student learning experiences.
    (SFC, 4/23/13, p.C1)
2013        Apr 22, As Nevada legislators emotionally debated a move toward same-sex marriage, Sen. Kelvin Atkinson rose to his feet and declared, "I'm gay." Atkinson says that he quickly picked up hundreds of new friends on Facebook and followers on Twitter.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 22, A West Virginia teenager (14) returned to class wearing the same National Rifle Association T-shirt that led to his suspension and arrest after he refused a teacher's order last week to remove it.
    (AP, 4/22/13)
2013        Apr 22, Richie Havens (72), American folk singer and guitarist, died at his home in New Jersey. He was the first performer at the 1969 Woodstock festival and over his career released over 25 albums.
    (SFC, 4/23/13, p.C4)
2013        Apr 22, The British government said it will proceed with selling some or all of its 33 percent stake in uranium enrichment company Urenco. Three countries hold equal stakes in the world's second-largest nuclear fuel vendor - the UK, the Netherlands and Germany, whose stake is held by utilities E.ON and RWE.
    (AP, 4/22/13)
2013        Apr 22, In Canada Chiheb Esseghaier (30) of Montreal and Raed Jaser (35) were arrested and charged by police with plotting an attack on a Toronto-area passenger train.
    (Reuters, 4/23/13)
2013        Apr 22, Many of Iraq's Sunnis held a day of civil disobedience to protest the Shiite-led government's policies they perceive as being discriminatory against their minority.
    (AP, 4/22/13)
2013        Apr 22, In Kuwait Musallam al-Barrack, a former parliament member, was granted bail while he appeals the conviction and a five-year sentence for a speech considered insulting to the Gulf nation's emir.
    (AP, 4/22/13)
2013        Apr 22, In New Zealand rain continued to fall in a downpour that has lasted three days over much of the country. Farmers were relieved that the deluge has ended the country's most widespread drought in 30 years.
    (AP, 4/22/13)
2013        Apr 22, The Nigerian Communications Commission started a number exchange between the country's four main carriers, allowing customers to keep their number and switch carriers every 90 days for free.
    (AP, 4/23/13)
2013        Apr 22, Pakistan's caretaker government told the Supreme Court it will not file treason charges against former military ruler Pervez Musharraf but will leave the decision on that to the winner of the upcoming election.
    (AP, 4/22/13)
2013        Apr 22, In southwest Russia Sergei Pomazun (32) opened fire outside a department store in Belgorod, killing five people immediately, including a girl (16). Another girl (14) died in hospital. The man opened fire while he tried to rob a hunting store. Pomazun was captured on April 23 as he tried to leave on a freight train.
    (AP, 4/22/13)(SFC, 4/24/13, p.A5)
2013        Apr 22, The Serbian government approved a landmark agreement to normalize relations with breakaway Kosovo, but thousands of Kosovo Serb demonstrators — chanting "Treason, Treason" — rejected the deal.
    (AP, 4/22/13)
2013        Apr 22, Syrian activists said 6 days of fighting in a Damascus suburb has killed more than a hundred people and possibly many more. Most of the victims were killed in Jdaidet Artouz. 2 bombings targeted an army checkpoint and a military post in a third Damascus suburb, Mleiha, killing eight soldiers there.
    (AP, 4/22/13)
2013        Apr 22, In Syria Bishop Boulos Yazigi of the Greek Orthodox Church and John Ibrahim of the Assyrian Orthodox Church were abducted as they traveled from the Turkish border to Aleppo. Their driver was killed.
    (AP, 4/23/13)(AP, 8/3/13)

2014        Apr 22, Pres. Obama took an aerial tour of Oso, Wa., where at least 41 people were killed in a mudslide on March 22. Afterwards he spoke at the Oso Fire Dept.
    (SFC, 4/22/14, p.A7)
2014        Apr 22, US Naval officials and two dozen Asia-Pacific nations adopted the code For Unplanned Encounters, an agreement aimed at improving communication at sea to reduce the possibility of conflict amid rising friction between an increasingly assertive China and its neighbors. The agreement was approved unanimously at the Western Pacific Naval Symposium in the eastern Chinese port city of Qingdao.
    (AP, 4/22/14)(SFC, 4/23/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 22, The FBI asked the public’s help to identify at least 90 potential victims of William James Vahey (64), a suspected child predator. Vahey had worked at 10 American and other int’l. schools abroad for over four decades. He committed suicide last month in Minnesota.
    (SFC, 4/23/14, p.A7)
2014        Apr 22, The US Supreme Court heard oral arguments in a case involving Aereo, a US internet streaming service that picks up signals of free-to-air TV channels for its subscribers.
    (Econ, 4/26/14, p.65)
2014        Apr 22, Tesla Motors Inc. delivered its first eight electric sedans to customers in China. CEO Elon Musk said the company will build a nationwide network of charging stations and service centers as fast as it can.
    (AP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, In southern Afghanistan 5 police officers were killed in a Taliban attack on a checkpoint in Ghorak district.
    (AP, 4/23/14)
2014        Apr 22, Brazil's Congress passed a bill guaranteeing Internet privacy and enshrining access to the Web on the eve of a major conference in Sao Paulo on the future of Internet governance that's expected to draw representatives from some 80 countries.
    (AP, 4/23/14)
2014        Apr 22, In Brazil violence flared in Rio de Janeiro’s tourist Copacabana Beach area after dancer Douglas Rafael da Silva Pereira (25) was found shot dead, heightening fears about security in a city that will host seven World Cup games including the July 13 final.
    (AFP, 4/27/14)
2014        Apr 22, London Metropolitan Police arrested Tania Clarence (42), a graphic designer from South Africa, after the bodies of a four-year-old girl and two three-year-old boys were found at her home. The three children had "life-limiting" genetic disorders.
    (AFP, 4/23/14)
2014        Apr 22, In Brunei the penalty for homosexuality was increased to death by stoning as part of a new broader imposition of Islamic Shariah law which also imposed death for rape, adultery and extramarital relations.
    (SSFC, 5/18/14, p.A17)
2014        Apr 22, In CongoDRC some 50 people were killed when a train derailed in the southeast.
    (AFP, 4/23/14)(SFC, 4/24/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 22, In Iraq militants wearing military uniforms carried out an overnight attack against a balloting center in Daqouq village outside Kirkuk and killed 10 guards.
    (AP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, Nearly 150 Japanese lawmakers paid homage at the Yasukuni shrine which honors the nation's war dead, raising the stakes in an already tense region on the eve of US President Barack Obama's visit.
    (AFP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, Armed pirates raided an oil tanker off the coast of Malaysia and took three crew members with them.
    (Reuters, 4/23/14)
2014        Apr 22, Nepalese guides on Mount Everest said they had decided to abandon this year's climbing season, to honor 16 colleagues killed in an avalanche last week. The decision threw the plans of hundreds of foreign mountaineers into chaos.
    (AFP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, In Pakistan 9 people, including policemen, were killed and dozens wounded in two separate bomb and gun attacks in the volatile northwest.
    (AP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, In the Philippines about 80 activists protested at the Chinese consulate in Manila, demanding that China stop intruding into Philippine territory in the South China Sea. Philippine marine officer Mike Pelotera said he and his men saw Filipino fishermen being "bullied" away from the Second Thomas Shoal in the South China Sea at least eight times from December to March.
    (AP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, Russia’s top opposition leader Alexei Navalny was found guilty of slandering a lawmaker and ordered to pay a hefty fine. He was found guilty of calling municipal lawmaker Alexei Lisovenko "a lawmaker-drug addict" and ordered to pay 300,000 rubles ($8,300, 6,000 euros).
    (AFP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, In Somalia two gunmen belonging to an Islamic extremist group shot and killed legislator Abdiaziz Isaq Mursal as he stepped out of his home in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, In South Korea the confirmed death toll from the April 16 disaster off the southern coast reached 113 with about 190 people were still missing.
    (AP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, Swiss pharmaceutical firm Novartis AG launched a major overhaul of its business, unveiling a series of multibillion-dollar deals with Britain's GlaxoSmithKline PLC and the U.S.'s Eli Lilly & Co.
    (AP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, Turkey’s PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan said number of Syrian refugees in Turkey has reached "almost one million," while pledging to keep accepting those fleeing the war.
    (AFP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, Uganda’s military said African troops have captured a junior commander with the Lord's Resistance Army and rescued 10 people, mostly children, abducted by the rebels. The rebel lieutenant known as Charles Okell was seized after a firefight in Central African Republic.
    (AP, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, Ukrainian PM Arseny Yatseniuk said that Russian special forces were operating in the east to undermine a presidential election due on May 25 and he called on Moscow to pull them out. Acting President Oleksandr Turchynov ordered the resumption of military operations in the east, where pro-Russia protesters and masked gunmen have seized government buildings and set up checkpoints on the roads.
    (Reuters, 4/22/14)(AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 22, In Ukraine US Vice President Joe Biden delivered an aid package and demanded Russia back off. He also warned Kiev it must tackle the "cancer of corruption."
    (Reuters, 4/22/14)
2014        Apr 22, In Ukraine Simon Ostrovsky, a US journalist for Vice News, disappeared. He had been covering the crisis in Ukraine for weeks and was reporting about groups of masked gunmen seizing government buildings in one eastern Ukrainian city after another. Pro-Russian gunmen in eastern Ukraine admitted the next day that they are holding Ostrovsky.
    (AP, 4/23/14)
2014        Apr 22, In Yemen Colonel Abdul Razak al-Jabali was shot dead becoming the fourth officer to be killed in suspected militant attacks in Sanaa in two days. A state security court sentenced Sami Dayan, an Al-Qaeda militant, to 15 years in prison after convicting him of taking part in plotting to kill an army commander in south Yemen in 2012, in a suicide bombing attack.
    (AFP, 4/22/14)

2015        Apr 22, The US Justice Dept. said Exxon Mobil Corp has agreed to pay $5.07 million to resolve allegations it violated the federal Clean Water Act and state environmental laws in connection with a March 29, 2013, oil spill in Arkansas.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In California Raymond Edward Steele (67), who spent 25 years on death row for the murder of a brain-damaged woman, died at San Quentin of unknown causes. He was the third condemned prisoner to die this year in a state that has not carried out an execution in nearly a decade.
    (Reuters, 4/23/15)
2015        Apr 22, A fiery interstate crash left 5 nursing students dead in Georgia. In 2016 Louisiana truck driver John Wayne Johnson (56) pleaded guilty nine counts including five counts of first-degree vehicular manslaughter and was sentenced to five years in prison.
    (, 7/15/16, p.A6)
2015        Apr 22, In Virginia Portsmouth police Officer Stephen Rankin shot and killed William Chapman (18) outside a Wal-Mart store following a shoplifting incident. Witnesses said chapman had his hands up. On August 4, 2016, Rankin (36) was convicted of voluntary manslaughter.
    (, 8/5/16, p.A6)
2015        Apr 22, The Afghan Taliban announced the start of its annual spring offensive, warning it would ramp up attacks on foreign embassies and government officials, as well as military targets, starting on April 24.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In Australia a cyclonic storm lashing the east coast for a third day was declared a catastrophe after destroying homes, cutting power to more than 200,000 homes and causing millions of dollars of damage in Sydney and other cities. The confirmed death toll from the storm reached 4.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Austrian lawmakers condemned as "genocide" for the first time the massacre of Armenians by Ottoman Turks during World War I, ahead of the 100th anniversary of the violence.
    (AFP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In Belgium much of the transport in Brussels came to a halt as public sector workers held a one-day strike over government austerity measures.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov ordered his police to "shoot to kill" if servicemen from other parts of the country encroach on their territory.
    (AFP, 4/23/15)(SFC, 4/24/15, p.A8)
2015        Apr 22, In southern Chile the Calbuco volcano erupted for the first time in more than four decades. LATAM airlines cancelled flights to and from Puerto Montt. One hiker was reported missing.
    (AP, 4/23/15)
\2015        Apr 22, Margrethe Vestager, the EU’s competition commissioner, sent Russia’s Gazprom a charge sheet alleging market abuses.
    (Econ., 4/25/15, p.59)
2015        Apr 22, French President Francois Hollande acknowledged for the first time that France will have to give Russia a refund if it doesn't receive the Mistral-class warship whose delivery has been suspended last year because of the conflict in Ukraine.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In India Gajendra Singh Rajput, a poor farmer, hanged himself at a farmer’s rally in New Delhi. He was the 42nd farmer from Rajasthan state to hang himself in the last two months.
    (SFC, 4/23/15, p.A2)
2015        Apr 22, In Iraq two bomb blasts in Baghdad killed at least 10 people.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In Iraq and Syria US-led forces targeted Islamic State militants with 18 air strikes over the last 24 hours including 7 in Syria and 11 in Iraq.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe held talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of a summit in Indonesia.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, A Japanese court rejected an injunction requested by local residents opposed to resuming operations of two nuclear reactors, giving the go-ahead for their restart as planned this summer.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Japanese authorities said they were investigating after a small drone laced with traces of radiation was found on the roof of the prime minister's office, sparking concerns about drones and their possible use for terrorist attacks.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In Macedonia over 100 journalists gathered outside a government building in Skopje to protest death threats against a journalist critical of the country's conservative government. A funeral wreath bearing the inscription "final greeting" was delivered a day earlier to the home of Borjan Jovanovski, editor in chief of the Nova TV web portal, while he was abroad.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, North Korea caught Joo Won-moon (21), a South Korean student at NYU, crossing its border from the Chinese side of the Yalu River. He later said that he had intended to be arrested and hoped to bring about better relations between North and South Korea.
    (Reuters, 5/2/15)(SFC, 5/6/15, p.A2)
2015        Apr 22, In Puerto Rico arrest warrants were being served to 29 people indicted by a federal grand jury for operating a multimillion-dollar drug trafficking ring.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Russia said it is arming Iraq and Syria to help them fight Islamic State, calling the radical militant group the main threat to his own country's security.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Russia's opposition led by the charismatic activist Alexei Navalny vowed to contest next year's parliamentary elections as liberals firm up plans to close ranks amid an intensifying Kremlin crackdown.
    (AFP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Russia said an experimental solid-fuel rocket went off trajectory after being launched from the Plesetsk launch pad in the northern Arkhangelsk region.
    (AFP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In Tanzania the UN-backed international tribunal trying Rwanda's worst genocide cases ended its final hearing after more than two decades of work.
    (AFP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, South Korea said it has reached agreement with Washington on revisions to the 41-year-old treaty that governs its commercial nuclear activities.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In South Sudan heavy fighting broke out in the war-ravaged northeastern town of Malakal. The fighting pitted troops loyal to the state governor against those of rogue general Johnson Olony, an ex-rebel who commands a pro-government ethnic Shilluk militia. At least 2 soldiers were reported killed over the last 24 hours.
    (AFP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Sri Lanka police arrested Basil Rajapaksa, the brother and former Economic Affairs Minister of former President Mahinda Rajapaksa, over alleged misappropriation of state funds.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In Syria airstrikes in Harasta and Douma, suburbs of Damascus, killed at least 11 people, including two women, and wounded others.
    (AP, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, Ukraine said it is ditching the Soviet name for World War Two and aims to adopt the poppy, a mainly British wartime symbol, to mark the 70th anniversary of the victory over Nazi Germany. Kiev said it will also align its calendar with that of its European allies by adding for the first time May 8 - known in the West as Victory in Europe Day - as a national holiday.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) said more than 100,000 people in Vanuatu have no clean drinking water, a month after a monster cyclone struck the tiny Pacific nation.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)
2015        Apr 22, In Yemen rival forces fought on despite a declared halt to a Saudi-led bombing campaign. The Houthi rebel movement said it wanted to return to UN-sponsored peace talks but only after a complete halt to a month of Saudi-led air strikes on the group. The Saudi-led coalition bombed southern Houthi positions carrying out at least 12 air strikes. In Aden 5 Houthi militiamen were killed at a checkpoint while fighting against local forces and 8 other Houthi fighters were killed in heavy clashes in southern Dalea province.
    (Reuters, 4/22/15)(Reuters, 4/23/15)

2016        Apr 22, The US military acknowledged that its air strikes killed 20 civilians in Iraq and Syria between Sep 10, 2015, and Feb 2, 2016. Six of the strikes were in Iraq and three were in Syria.
    (SFC, 4/23/16, p.A2)
2016        Apr 22, Leaders from 175 states gathered at the UN on Earth Day to sign the Paris climate deal, a record turn-out that boosted hopes of quick action on combating global warming. The Paris agreement will come into force as soon as 55 countries responsible for 55 percent of the world's greenhouse gases have ratified the accord.
    (AFP, 4/22/16)(SFC, 4/23/16, p.A3)
2016        Apr 22, In Ohio 8 members of the Rhoden family were fatally shot in the head in four homes in Piketon. Police found marijuana growing operations at three of the four homes. In 2018 a grand jury indicted a family of four for the killings.
    (SFC, 4/23/16, p.A4)(SFC, 4/25/16, p.A6)(SFC, 11/14/18, p.A5)
2016        Apr 22, Foreign ministers of Albania, Bulgaria, Greece and Macedonia said they will work to improve coordination along southern Europe's migrant trial.
    (AP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, In Australia Greens MP Jeremy Buckingham posted a video on Facebook showing him set fire to the Condamine River in Queensland, to draw attention to methane gas he says is seeping into the water due to fracking. The dramatic video quickly attracted more than two millions views.
    (AFP, 4/24/16)
2016        Apr 22, Bank of England governor Mark Carney announced that artist J. M. W. Turner will appear on the new £20 note.
    (AFP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, Cuban state media announced the loosening of a policy banning Cuban-born people from arriving by sea, allowing Carnival Corp. to go forward with the first US cruise to the island in a half-century.
    (AP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, The World Bank said it would lend Ecuador $150 million to speed up assistance to victims of last week's major earthquake that devastated large areas of the country's northern coast.
    (Reuters, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, The European Broadcasting Union said Romania has been barred from this year's Eurovision Song Contest for failing to pay millions in debts to the EBU.
    (AFP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, In Germany more than 20,000 demonstrators turned out in Hannover to protest the planned US-Europe free trade agreement (TTIP), a day before the arrival of President Barack Obama.
    (AP, 4/23/16)
2016        Apr 22, A German government source said around 630,000 Audi, Mercedes, Opel, Porsche and Volkswagen cars are to be recalled in Europe owing to irregularities in their emission of pollutants.
    (AFP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, Germany-based Volkswagen announced a 4.1 billion euros ($4.6 billion) operating loss for 2015 as Europe's largest automaker took a 16.2 billion euros hit to pay for its diesel emissions test-rigging scandal.
    (Reuters, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, In northeastern India torrential rains triggered a mudslide that buried a labor camp bordering China in Arunachal Pradesh state, killing 17 people.
    (AP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, In eastern India a fire killed 12 people who were sleeping after they attended a wedding in a village in Bihar state.
    (AP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, In Iraq a suicide bomb attack claimed by Islamic State killed at least 9 people following Friday prayers at a Shi'ite Muslim mosque in southwestern Baghdad. A second suicide attacker at the mosque in al-Radwaniya district was shot and killed by security forces before he could set off his explosives. A separate bomb went off in the district of Abu Ghraib, west of Baghdad, killing 2 and wounding nine.
    (Reuters, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, It was reported that explosives planted by Islamic State have killed dozens of Iraqi civilians who returned to Ramadi despite warnings that much of the western city remains unsafe nearly four months after its recapture from the militants.
    (Reuters, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, Japanese Transport Minister Keiichi Ishii said he wanted Mitsubishi Motors Corp to respond "with integrity" after revelations that it cheated on test to measure fuel economy, including by possibly buying back the cars in question.
    (Reuters, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, In Kuwait delayed peace talks aimed at ending 13 months of conflict in Yemen resumed, a day after UN mediators finally managed to get warring sides to the table.
    (AFP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, Thousands of Nicaraguans marched to oppose a planned interoceanic canal that critics say threatens to displace rural communities and damage the environment. The government has calculated that it will cost $50 billion and create 50,000 direct jobs.
    (AP, 4/23/16)
2016        Apr 22, The Pakistani Taliban killed Sikh lawmaker Sardar Suran Singh, an adviser to the chief minister for minority affairs in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
    (AP, 4/23/16)
2016        Apr 22, Puerto Rico's financially strapped government was ordered by a federal judge to immediately pay long-overdue bills owed by the Health Department to companies that serve mentally disabled people in the US territory.
    (AP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, In Syria at least 18 people were killed when airstrikes hit several rebel-held neighborhoods in Aleppo and neighboring Idlib province. Islamic State fighters captured Syrian pilot Azzam Eid after he fell by parachute near the site where his plane crashed east of Damascus.
    (AP, 4/22/16)(AFP, 4/22/16)(Reuters, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, In northeastern Syria regional Kurdish security forces and pro-Syrian government forces declared a ceasefire, calming a three-day outbreak of violence which killed more than 26 people.
    (Reuters, 4/23/16)
2016        Apr 22, Disgraced tycoon Asil Nadir (74), jailed for stealing millions from his Polly Peck empire, was released from a Turkish prison just one night after being extradited from Britain. The Turkish Cypriot was convicted in 2012 of purloining nearly £29 million (37 million euros) -- the equivalent of more than £70 million in today's terms -- from the major UK conglomerate in the late 1980s.
    (AFP, 4/22/16)
2016        Apr 22, The United Arab Emirates' official news agency reported that Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan has ordered two billion dollars of investment in Egypt, and will deposit two billion dollars in the Egyptian central bank to increase its foreign reserves.
    (AP, 4/22/16)

2017        Apr 22, US scientists staged an unprecedented protest in Washington, DC. The March for Science was provoked by steep cuts President Donald Trump has proposed for science and research budgets, and growing disregard for evidence-based knowledge. Similar events took place around the world.
    (Reuters, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, US actress Erin Moran (56) died in Corydon, Indiana. She played the mischievous kid sister Joanie on the sitcom "Happy Days" (1974-1984) and its spin-off "Joanie Loves Chachi" (1982-1983).
    (AFP, 4/23/17)
2017        Apr 22, In Australia US Vice President Mike Pence and PM Malcolm Turnbull swept aside any lingering tensions over an Obama era agreement on the resettlement of refugees, joining forces to urge China to take a greater role in pressuring North Korea to scuttle its nuclear weapons and missile program.
    (AP, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, British police late today arrested Arthur Collins, the boyfriend of a reality TV performer, sought in connection to an acid attack at an east London nightclub. The assault left two people seriously injured and many others suffering from burns inflicted at the Mangle nightclub on April 17.
    (AP, 4/23/17)
2017        Apr 22, Emergency teams in the Canary Islands raced to contain a three-kilometer oil slick caused by a ferry crashing into underwater fuel pipes.
    (Reuters, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, Polling stations opened in France's far-flung overseas territories — one day earlier than on the mainland — for the country's unpredictable presidential election as the 11 candidates in the race observed a ban on campaigning.
    (AP, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, In Germany two police officers were injured and a police car was set ablaze during protests in Cologne, as some 600 delegates of the deeply divided anti-immigration Alternative for Germany (AfD) party met to discuss policy for September's national elections.
    (Reuters, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, In Iraq hundreds of people fled Mosul after government forces retook two more districts in the west of the city from Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, Veteran Italian cyclist Michele Scarponi (37) was killed after colliding with a van while out training on his bike, plunging the cycling world into mourning.
    (AFP, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, Lebanon’s army said Hassan al-Malees, a Syrian Islamic militant wanted for his role in attacking Lebanese army posts in cross border operations, was killed during a raid to arrest infiltrators from Syria. 10 other militants were arrested.
    (AP, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, Lebanese activists ramped up their campaign to scrap Article 522, a controversial law allowing rapists who marry their victims to go free.
    (AFP, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, In Mexico the remains of at least six bodies were found in a ditch on just outside the seaside resort of Acapulco, Guerrero state. A prosecutor said the bodies had been buried between 5 and 20 days ago. Two top drug traffickers were killed in pre-dawn shootouts with federal forces in the northern border state of Tamaulipas.
    (AP, 4/23/17)
2017        Apr 22, Police in Nicaragua blocked thousands of farmers and rural residents from holding a march against a government plan to build a canal across the country, potentially carving up their land.
    (AFP, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, North Korea detained Tony Kim (aka Kim Sang Dok), a US citizen, bringing to three the number of Americans now being held there. Kim (58) had taught accounting at the Pyongyang University of Science and Technology for about a month. On May 3 the state-run KCNA news agency said he was arrested for committing "hostile criminal acts with an aim to subvert the country".
    (AP, 4/23/17)(Reuters, 5/3/17)
2017        Apr 22, Philippine forces killed Joselito Melloria, a suspected Muslim militant, in new fighting near Clarin town, Bohol province, where troops foiled possible kidnapping and bombing plots by extremists earlier this month. Melloria's companions fled and three of them were later killed by troops.
    (AP, 4/22/17)(AP, 4/23/17)
2017        Apr 22, In western Romania two teenagers died in an avalanche after the country was hit by a blast of wintry weather.
    (AP, 4/22/17)
2017        Apr 22, Saudi Arabia's King Salman restored cuts to financial allowances for civil servants and military personnel after a seven month cutback. The move was seen as helping the kingdom avoid recession this year while smoothing the path toward economic reforms.
    (Reuters, 4/23/17)
2017        Apr 22, In Vietnam Hanoi Mayor Nguyen Duc Chung met with representatives from a village on the outskirts of the city and secured the release of 19 policemen and officials who had been held hostage by villagers over a land dispute.
    (AP, 4/22/17)(Econ 6/17/17, p.35)

2018        Apr 22, Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg said he is donating $4.5 million to the United Nations body that oversees climate change negotiations.
    (AP, 4/23/18)
2018        Apr 22, In Tennessee a nearly nude gunman killed four people at a Waffle House restaurant near Nashville. James Shaw Jr. (29) managed to disarm Travis Reinking (29) of Morton, IL., who fled and was arrested the next day.
    (SFC, 4/24/18, p.A7)
2018        Apr 22, In Afghanistan an Islamic State suicide bomber killed at least 57 people including women and children and wounded 119 outside a voter registration center in Kabul. Another 119 people were wounded. Another six people were killed when a vehicle struck a roadside bomb near a voter registration center in Baghlan province.
    (AP, 4/22/18)(SFC, 4/23/18, p.A2)
2018        Apr 22, Armenian police detained three opposition leaders including Nikola Pashinian, leader of the protests, and detained at least 230 protesters during the latest demonstrations against the appointment of the former President Serzh Sarksyan as prime minister.
    (Reuters, 4/22/18)(SFC, 4/23/18, p.A2)
2018        Apr 22, The hottest-ever London Marathon featured a Kenyan double as Eliud Kipchoge (33) swept to a third victory in front of Buckingham Palace joining Vivian Cheruiyot who won the women's race.
    (AP, 4/22/18)
2018        Apr 22, In Canada the foreign ministers of the Group of Seven industrialized nations met in Toronto seeking a common front against what they see as aggression from Vladimir Putin's Russia.
    (AFP, 4/22/18)
2018        Apr 22, Egypt's parliament passed a law banning the cultivation of crops in some areas that require a large amount of water, amid fears that a massive Ethiopian dam being built upstream could cut into the country's share of the Nile.
    (AP, 4/23/18)(AP, 4/24/18)
2018        Apr 22, France's National Assembly adopted a controversial immigration bill that speeds up the asylum process and accelerates deportations after a fierce debate that exposed divisions in President Emmanuel Macron's party.
    (AFP, 4/23/18)
2018        Apr 22, Germany's Social Democrats (SPD) elected Andrea Nahles (47) as their first ever female leader, hoping she can reinvigorate the country's oldest party after it suffered heavy losses in September's election.
    (Reuters, 4/22/18)
2018        Apr 22, In western India government forces killed at least 14 Maoist rebels during a raid on their hideout in a forested area of Gadchilori district, Maharashtra state.
    (AP, 4/22/18)
2018        Apr 22, Iran's state media reported that the judiciary has arrested former Tehran prosecutor Saeed Mortazavi. He was sentenced to two years in prison in late 2017 for complicity in the 2009 death of a man arrested after the pro-reform protests but had gone missing.
    (Reuters, 4/22/18)
2018        Apr 22, The Israeli military said it has arrested 15 Hamas operatives in an overnight West Bank raid. Those captured were suspected of collaborating with a well-known Hamas operative from Gaza to spread its activities to the West Bank.
    (AP, 4/22/18)
2018        Apr 22, Kuwaiti authorities said police have arrested two Filipinos for allegedly convincing housemaids to run away from their employers' homes. The arrests came after the Philippines' ambassador faced questions for comments about his embassy's work in aiding abused workers.
    (AP, 4/22/18)
2018        Apr 22, Nicaragua's Pres. Daniel Ortega sought to placate popular fury, announcing he was revoking the pension reform plan that would have increased both employer and employee contributions and reduced benefits, in an IMF-backed bid to cap a rising $76 million deficit at the Nicaraguan Social Security Institute (INSS).
    (AFP, 4/23/18)
2018        Apr 22, In North Korea a bus plunged from a bridge killing 32 Chinese tourists and four North Koreans late today in North Hwanghae province.
    (AFP, 4/23/18)
2018        Apr 22, In Pakistan gunmen killed two members of the local Shiite Hazara community and wounded a third in Quetta. This was the fifth attack in recent months targeting Shiites in Quetta.
    (Reuters, 4/22/18)
2018        Apr 22, In Pakistan Asma Yaqub died at a hospital in the city of Lahore. A Muslim man had hurled gasoline at her outside her home in the city of Sialkot last week before setting her on fire and fleeing the scene. The Christian woman had refused his marriage offer. Police soon arrested Rizwan Gujar, who confessed to the attack.
    (AP, 4/23/18)
2018        Apr 22, Paraguay held presidential elections. Mario Abdo Benitez of the ruling conservative Colorado party won over his centrist opponent, Efrain Alegre.
    (Reuters, 4/22/18)(AFP, 4/22/18)(SFC, 4/23/18, p.A2)
2018        Apr 22, Russia's communications watchdog Roskomnadzor said that it is adding some Google IP addresses to the state registrar of banned sites, as a dispute intensified over Telegram, a banned messaging app.
    (SFC, 4/23/18, p.A2)
2018        Apr 22, In Syria air strikes pounded the jihadist-held al-Hajar al-Aswad area near Damascus, as the government stepped up efforts to wipe out the insurgency's last foothold near the capital. UNRWA, the UN agency that cares for Palestinians, said two Palestinian refugee civilians - a father and son - had been killed in their home in the adjacent Palestinian camp of Yarmouk.
    (Reuters, 4/22/18)
2018        Apr 22, More than a dozen Turkish opposition lawmakers switched parties in a show of solidarity as President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's rivals scramble to challenge him in a surprise snap election that could solidify his rule. The snap presidential and parliamentary elections called for June 24 last week caught Turkey off guard.
    (AP, 4/22/18)
2018        Apr 22, In Yemen dozens were killed and wounded in an air raid on a wedding party in the Huthi-controlled Bani Qais area of Hajjah province. Huthi rebels blaming a Saudi-led military coalition.
    (AFP, 4/23/18)
2018        Apr 22, Zimbabwean nurses called off a strike against poor working conditions. a nurses union said they will return to work on April 23.
    (Reuters, 4/22/18)

2019        Apr 22, The Trump administration said that it will no longer exempt any countries from US sanctions if they continue to buy Iranian oil, stepping up pressure on Iran. The decision means sanctions waivers for five nations, including China and India and US treaty allies Japan, South Korea and Turkey, won't be renewed when they expire on May 2. China, one of Iran's largest customers, slammed the step, calling it more evidence of US "unilateral sanctions and long-arm jurisdiction." Iran's commander of the Revolutionary Guards' navy said Iran would close the Strait of Hormuz if Tehran is barred from using it.
    (AP, 4/22/19)(Reuters, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that 71 more cases of measles were reported last week, with 68 of them from New York, where most of the cases have been from unvaccinated people in Orthodox Jewish communities.
    (SFC, 4/23/19, p.A6)
2019        Apr 22, In the SF Bay Area Joel Ortiz (21) of Boston was sentenced to ten years in prison for stealing more than $7.5 million in cryptocurrency from at least 40 victims.
    (SFC, 4/23/19, p.C4)
2019        Apr 22, In central Texas a small plane crashed as it approached Kerville Municipal Airport. All six aboard were killed including philanthropist Jeffrey C. Weiss (65), the co-owner and pilot of the Beechcraft BE58.
    (SFC, 4/23/19, p.A7)
2019        Apr 22, In Afghanistan fighting erupted in two districts of the eastern Afghan border province of Nangarhar, when Islamic State fighters attacked villages under Taliban control.
    (Reuters, 4/24/19)
2019        Apr 22, In Afghanistan an explosion at a coal mine in the northern province of Samangan killed at least seven miners.
    (AP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Albania police said they have arrested four suspects over the theft of some 5 million euros ($5.6 million) from a passenger plane at the country's only international airport. The cash has not been recovered.
    (AP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 21, Algerian state TV said five local billionaires, some of them close to former president Abdelaziz Bouteflika who quit over mass protests, have been arrested as part of an anti-graft investigation.
    (Reuters, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, In Bolivia a bus crashed head-on with another vehicle and plunged down a deep ravine, killing at least 17 people and leaving 15 others injured in the northern town of Yolosa.
    (AP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Prominent Bosnian Serb businessman Slavisa Krunic, who owns a private security firm, was shot dead late today along with his bodyguard in what local media described as a mafia-style execution that sparked a shootout. One of the attackers was killed and Krunic's driver sustained serious injuries.
    (AP, 4/23/19)
2019        Apr 22, London police said the number of environmental campaigners arrested during eight days of direct action topped 1,000, adding that Waterloo Bridge, one of the sites blockaded by the protests, had re-opened to traffic.
    (Reuters, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, The leaders of Cambodia and Thailand met at the Thai border town of Aranyaprathet to mark the ceremonial reopening of a rail link that will restore train service between the two countries after more than four decades.
    (AP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Cypriot authorities searched a flooded mineshaft where two dead female bodies have been discovered as well as a nearby lake for further bodies. A suspect in the killings, a 35 year-old Greek Cypriot military officer, remained in custody.
    (AP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Egyptians voted for a third and final day on constitutional changes that could keep President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in power until 2030.
    (AFP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Iran's President Hassan Rouhani said that a new joint security force with Pakistan will be formed to combat militants based along the two countries' shared border.
    (AP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Iraqi officials said more $64 million dollars in public funds were embezzled by Mosul officials close to the province's sacked governor in the wake of last month's ferry sinking. Governor Nawfel Akoub has since gone on the run. Just six million dollars were recovered by the government.
    (AFP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Japanese prosecutors said they have indicted Nissan's former chairman Carlos Ghosn on fresh breach of trust charges that expand their allegations of financial misconduct outside Japan.
    (AP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita appointed finance minister Boubou Cisse as prime minister, days after the government resigned following pressure to respond to the vigilante massacre of about 160 Fulani herders which shocked the nation.
    (Reuters, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, In southern Mexico a surprise raid by police and immigration agents detained 367 migrants in Chiapas state. Hundreds of other migrants scrambled away into the brush along the highway to elude authorities.
    (AP, 4/23/19)
2019        Apr 22, In northern Myanmar more than 50 people were believed to have died late today in a mudslide at a jade mining site in the Hpakant area of Kachin state.
    (AP, 4/23/19)
2019        Apr 22, In Pakistan hundreds of school children were taken to hospitals complaining of nausea and vomiting after being given polio vaccinations. Angry family members responded by storming a local health facility in Peshawar and setting it ablaze.
    (AP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, In the northern Philippines a magnitude 6.1 earthquake killed at least 11 people and trapped others in a collapsed building that housed a supermarket in Pampanga province. A number of people remained unaccounted for at the collapsed Chuzon supermarket.
    (AP, 4/22/19)(SFC, 4/23/19, p.A2)
2019        Apr 22, Qatar opened the first prosthetic hospital and a disability rehab center in the Gaza Strip, overcoming obstacles that delayed the much-needed project.
    (AP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Saudi Arabia said it had arrested 13 individuals in connection with planning attacks in the kingdom, a day after security forces said they had thwarted an attack north of the capital. Four alleged Islamic State militants were killed in that attack.
    (Reuters, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Tensions escalated in Sudan after talks broke down between protesters and the country's military rulers, who called for the reopening of roads blocked by sit-ins established during the uprising that drove President Omar al-Bashir from power.
    (AP, 4/22/19)
2019        Apr 22, Ugandan police fired teargas and water cannon to disperse supporters of popular musician and lawmaker Bobi Wine after they gathered at a beach resort near Kampala where he was planning to hold a news conference and stage a concert. Police detained Wine after shutting down one of his concerts.
    (Reuters, 4/22/19)(AFP, 4/22/19)

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