Today in History - April 24

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709        Apr 24, Wilfried (~76), bishop of York, died.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

729        Apr 24, Egbertus (89), English bishop, St. Egbert, died in Iona.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

858        Apr 24, Nicholas I succeeded Benedict III as the Catholic Pope.
    (HN, 4/24/98)(MC, 4/24/02)

1061        Apr 24, Halley's Comet inspired an English monk to predict that England would be destroyed.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1077        Apr 24, Geza I, King of Hungary (1074-7), died.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1288        Apr 24, Jews of Yroyes France were accused of ritual murder.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1519        Apr 24, Envoys of Montezuma II attended the first Easter mass in Central America.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1538        Apr 24, Guglielmo Gonzaga, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1547        Apr 24, Charles V's troops defeated the Protestant League of Schmalkalden at the battle of Muhlburg.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1558        Apr 24, Mary, Queen of Scotland, married the French dauphin, Francis.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1570        Apr 24, Spanish troops battled followers of Sultan Suleiman.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1620        Apr 24, John Graunt, statistician, founder of science of demography, was born.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1704        Apr 24, The Boston News-Letter was established, first successful newspaper in U.S.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1706        Apr 24, Giovanni Battista Martini, composer (Padre Martini), was born.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1731        Daniel Defoe, British author, died. His work included the novels “Robinson Crusoe,” “Roxana” and the pamphlet “The Shortest Way With Dissenters.”  In 1998 Richard West published the biography “Daniel Defoe: The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures.”
    (WSJ, 8/25/98, p.A12)(MC, 4/24/02)

1743        Apr 24, Edmund Cartwright, inventor of the power loom, was born.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1766        Apr 24, Robert Bailey Thomas, founder of the Farmer's Almanac, was born.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1769        Apr 24, Arthur Wellesley, general, Duke of Wellington, was born.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1778        Apr 24, US Ranger Captain John Paul Jones captured the British ship Drake.
    (ON, 2/04, p.6)(Internet)

1779        Apr 24, Mr. H. Sykes, an English optician living in Paris, wrote to Ben Franklin and explained a delay in sending an order for special spectacles, complaining that he was having difficulty making them. Franklin is believed to have ordered his first pair of bifocals from Sykes.
    (www.antiquespectacles.com/topics/franklin/franklin.htm)

1792        Apr 24, Capt. Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, an officer stationed in Strasbourg, composed "La Marseillaise," which later became the national anthem of France.
    (AP, 4/24/97)(HN, 4/24/98)

1800        Apr 24, Congress approved a bill establishing the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. with a $5,000 allocation
    (HFA, '96, p.28)(AP, 4/24/97)(HN, 4/24/98)

1801        Apr 24, The 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Jahreszeiten (The Seasons)."
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1815        Apr 24, Anthony Trollope (d.1882), British novelist, was born. His 47 novels included “The American Senator.” His 33rd novel was “The Way We Live Now.” “Nobody holds a good opinion of a man who has a low opinion of himself.” An essay by Cynthia Ozick on the novel is in her 1996 book “Fame and Folly.”
    (WUD, 1994, p.1517)(WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-18)(AP, 10/13/97)(WSJ, 6/9/00, p.W17)(HN, 4/24/01)

1833        Apr 24, A patent was granted for the first soda fountain.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1850        Apr 24, Louis Alexandre Piccinni (70), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1856        Apr 24, Henri Philippe Pétain, French Marshall, was born. He was known as the 'hero of Verdun' but collaborated with the Nazis after the fall of France in 1940 and convicted of treason in 1945. Petain was executed in 1951.
    (HN, 4/24/99)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.84)

1863        Apr 24, The Lieber code, also known as Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field, General Order № 100, was signed by Pres. Abraham Lincoln. It was named after the German-American jurist and political philosopher Francis Lieber and dictated how soldiers should conduct themselves in war time. It set a new norm of respect for private property.
    (Econ, 4/10/10, p.64)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lieber_Code)
1863        Apr 24, California’s “Act to Provide for Improvement and Protection of Wharves, Docks, and Waterfront in the City and Harbor of San Francisco” was signed by Gov. Leland Stanford. It established the Board of State Harbor Commissioners, an agency with the sole purpose of running the port of San Francisco.
    (SSFC, 4/28/13, p.A2)(http://sfheritage.org/03StateHarbor.pdf)
1863        Apr 24, Skirmish at Okolona, Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid).
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1867        Apr 24, Fannie Thomas, oldest known American (113 years, 273 days at death), was born.
    (HN, 4/24/98)
1867        Apr 24, Black demonstrators staged ride-ins on Richmond, Va., streetcars.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1872        Apr 24, Mt. Vesuvius erupted.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1874        Apr 24, John Russell Pope, US architect (Jefferson Memorial), was born.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1877        Apr 24, Federal troops were ordered out of New Orleans, ending the North's post-Civil War rule in the South.
    (AP, 4/24/00)
1877        Apr 24, Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1883        Apr 24, Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Brave soldier Schweik), was born.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1884        Apr 24, Otto von Bismarck cabled Cape Town that South Africa had become a German colony.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1885        Apr 24, Metis rebels won a major victory over Canadian troops at Fish Creek, Saskatchewan. The troops had been shipped to the region by way of the new Canadian Pacific Railway.
    (Reuters, 11/22/02)(ON, 11/07, p.12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North-West_Rebellion)

1888        Apr 24, Eastman Kodak was formed. The company produced the Kodak Camera: “You press the button – we do the rest.”
    (HN, 4/24/98)(WSJ, 1/22/04, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/2/06, p.B10)

1891        Apr 24, Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Final Problem."
    (MC, 4/24/02)
1891        Apr 24, Helmuth Karl Bernhard Graf von Moltke (b.1800), German Field Marshal, died. He was the chief of staff of the Prussian Army for thirty years and became later regarded as one of the great strategists of the latter 19th century.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmuth_von_Moltke_the_Elder)

1895        Apr 24, Joshua Slocum (1844-1909), a Canadian-American sailor, began a voyage around the world from Boston in a 37-foot rebuilt fishing boat called the Spray. He ended on Jun 27, 1898, at Newport, Rhode Island. His record was not beaten until 1938. In 1899 Slocum authored "Sailing Alone Around the World."
    (www.millicentlibrary.org/slocum.htm)(WSJ, 3/9/00, p.A27)(WSJ, 6/21/08, p.W8)
1895        Apr 24, S. Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal, people's commissioner, was born.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1898        Apr 24, Spain declared war on the United States after rejecting America's ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba.
    (AP, 4/24/97)(HN, 4/24/98)
1898        Apr 24, US fleet under commodore Dewey steamed from Hong Kong to Philippines.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1900        Apr 24, Elizabeth Goudge, English author, was born.
    (HN, 4/24/01)

1904        Apr 24, Willem de Kooning (d.1997), abstract impressionist artist, was born in Rotterdam.
    (SFC, 3/20/97, p.A1,6,E1)(HN, 4/24/01)
1904        Apr 24, Friedrich Siemens (77), German industrialist, died.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1905        Apr 24, Robert Penn Warren, first U.S. poet laureate, was born.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1906        Apr 24, William Joyce was born. He was the British traitor, who during World War II gave anti-British broadcasts known as 'Lord Haw-Haw.'
    (HN, 4/24/99)

1915        Apr 24-May 14, Turkey said Armenians had sided with Russia and issued a deportation order for the mass deportation of Armenians. Armenian organizations in Istanbul were closed and 235 members were arrested for treason. Turkish police arrested some 800 of the most prominent Armenians in Constantinople, took them into the hinterlands and shot them. With that the terror spread through "Turkish Armenia" spearheaded by the "Special Organization" of soldiers of the Turkish leader Enver. In 2006 Taner Akcam authored “A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility.”
    (AP, 4/24/97)(SFC, 4/27/99, p.A10)(HNQ, 5/30/99)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.95)(AP, 4/24/10)

1916        Apr 24, Some 1,600 Irish nationalist, the Irish Volunteers, launched the Easter Rising by seizing several key sites in Dublin, including the General Post Office. Eemon de Valera was one of the commandants in the uprising. It was provoked by impatience with the lack of home rule and was put down by British forces several days later. Michael Collins, a member of Sinn Fein, led the guerrilla warfare. 116 soldiers and 16 policemen were slain along with 62 rebels. The 1999 novel "A Star Called Henry" by Roddy Doyle was set in this period. Film footage of the Easter Rising was sold at auction in 2000 for $115,000 to a private Irish resident.
    (WSJ, 10/11/96, p.A8)(SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.6)(AP, 4/24/97)(SFEC, 9/19/99, BR p.1)(SFEC, 6/11/00, p.A30)(ON, 9/04, p.5)
1916        re: Apr 24, In "Easter" William Butler Yeats wrote: "All changed, changed utterly: A terrible beauty is born."
    (NOHY, 3/1990, p.212)
1916        re: Apr 24, "The history taught stopped at 1916, they didn’t deal with the war of independence or the civil war." Thus said Neil Jordan, director of the 1996 film "Michael Collins."
    (SFC, 9/22/96, Par p.31)

1920        Apr 24, British Mandate over Palestine went into effect and lasted for 28 years. The British organized a police force with some 3,000 British, Arab and Jewish officers.
    (MC, 4/24/02)(WSJ, 2/2/04, p.A12)

1923        Apr 24, Colonel Jacob Schick patented Schick razors.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1928        Apr 24, The fathometer, used to measure underwater depth, was patented.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1932        Apr 24, In German national elections the NSDAP/NAZI won 36.3% in Prussia.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1934        Apr 24, Shirley MacLaine, actress, mystic (Irma la Douce), was born in Richmond, Va.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1937        May 24, The US Supreme Court ruled that the Social Security Act is constitutional.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)(www.ssa.gov/history/court.html)

1941        Apr 24, British army began the evacuation of Greece.
    (MC, 4/24/02)
1941        Apr 24, Dutch Prince Bernhard became an RAF pilot.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1942        Apr 24, Barbra Streisand, singer, actress, was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (MC, 4/24/02)
1942        Apr 24, Luftwaffe bombed Exeter.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1944        Apr 24, The first B-29 arrived in China, over the Hump of the Himalayas. The phrase "flying the hump" originated during World War II when Allied transport planes flew dangerous missions over the Himalayan Mountains in order to provide China with supplies needed to fight the Japanese.
    (HN, 4/24/98)(HNQ, 8/1/98)
1944        Apr 24, British air force bombers hammered a former Jesuit college housing the Bavarian Academy of Science. Anton Spitaler (1910-2003), an Arabic scholar at the academy, later lamented the loss of a unique photo archive of ancient manuscripts of the Quran. His story however was a lie, and the collection survived hidden in his hands.
    (WSJ, 1/12/08, p.A1)

1946        Apr 24, The Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, ordered the establishment of the Blue Angels team.  In 1985 funding for the program was $4.2 million, about half the cost of replacements for the two A-4 jets. By 2005 21 pilots died during Angels shows. Navy officials said the super-trained unit and its dazzling displays are valuable in attracting young and talented recruits into the Navy and Air Force. By 2009 on the average, one F/A-18 used approximately 8,000 pounds or 1,300 gallons of JP-5 jet fuel at a cost of roughly $1,378. Fat Albert, which transports the crew to shows, holds 46,000 pounds of fuel.
    (www.navy.com/about/navylife/onduty/blueangels/faq/)(http://tinyurl.com/ydn8pes)

1949        Apr 24, In the 3rd Tony Awards: “Death of a Salesman” and “Kiss Me Kate” won.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1950        Apr 24, "Peter Pan" opened at Imperial Theater in NYC for 320 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/venue.asp?ID=1208)
1950        Apr 24, Pres Truman denied there were communists in US govt.
    (MC, 4/24/02)
1950        Apr 24, Jordan annexed the West Bank and offered citizenship to all Palestinians wishing to claim it.
    (SFC, 2/8/99, p.A6)

1953        Apr 24, British statesman Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace.
    (AP, 4/24/97) (HN, 4/24/98)

1954        Apr 29, Jerry Seinfeld, actor, was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (SFEC, 4/19/98, DB p.36)

1960        Apr 24, In the 14th Tony Awards: “Miracle Worker” and “Fiorello” won.
    (MC, 4/24/02)

1961        Apr 24, President Kennedy accepted "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1962        Apr 24, The Massachusetts Institute of Technology achieved the first satellite relay of a television signal, between Camp Parks, Ca., and Westford, Mass.
    (AP, 4/24/02)

1967        Apr 24, Frank Overton (b.1918), American film and TV actor, died. His films included “The Dark At the Top of the Stairs” (1960).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Overton)

1968        Apr 24, Leftist students at Columbia University in New York City began a weeklong occupation of several campus buildings in protest over the Vietnam War [See Apr 23].
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(AP, 4/24/97)(HN, 4/24/99)

1970        Apr 24, President Nixon ordered US and South Vietnamese troops to secretly invade the “Parrot’s Beak” region of Cambodia, thought to be a Viet Cong stronghold. Operation Patio was a covert aerial interdiction effort conducted by the United States Seventh Air Force in Cambodia from 24-29 April 1970 during the Vietnam Conflict. It served as a tactical adjunct to the heavier B-52 bombing missions being carried out in Operation Menu.
    (http://tinyurl.com/69ndsz8)(www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Operation-Patio)
1970        Apr 24, China launched its 1st satellite, known as China 1 or Mao 1, to orbit on a Long March rocket. It kept transmitting a song, "The East is Red." China became the fifth country to launch a satellite into space, sending up the Dongfanghong-1, which means "The East is Red."
    (www.spacetoday.org/Satellites/Iran/IranianSat.html)(AP,  4/24/97)

1972        Apr 24, Natalie Clifford Barney (b.1876), lesbian writer and US expatriate, died in Paris. In 2002 Suzanne Rodriguez authored "Wild Heart, A Life: Natalie Clifford Barney’s Journey From Victorian America to the Literary Salons of Paris."
    (SSFC, 10/27/02, p.M6)(www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7157)

1975        Apr 24, Hanna Krabbe (b.1945), a German Red Army faction guerrilla, took part in a Baader-Meinhof gang attack on the German embassy in Stockholm in which two German diplomats died. German chancellor Helmut Schmidt approved the storming of the building by Swedish police. Krabbe was arrested and sentenced to 21 years confinement and was released in 1996.
    (SFC, 5/11/96, p.A-9)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_German_embassy_siege)

1979        Apr 24, The hit song "Georgia on My Mind," written in 1930 with lyrics by Stuart Gorrell and music by Hoagy Carmichael, was declared the state song of Georgia. Georgia-born singer Ray Charles (1930-2004) made the song famous.
    (www.promotega.org/vsu00011/georgia_book.htm)

1980        Apr 24, An American assault team held 44 Iranians hostage for about 3 hours when their bus stumbled upon the remote desert site. The failed operation was commanded by Colonel Charles Beckwith, founder of the US Delta Force. The mission resulted in the deaths of 8 US servicemen. The US hostage rescue failed when a plane collided with a helicopter in Iran. The 1996 Iranian film: "Sandstorm" depicting the event was set for release in Feb, 1997.
    (WSJ, 11/19/96, p.A1)(AP, 4/24/97)(HN, 4/24/98)

1981        Apr 24, The US ended a 16-month grain embargo against the USSR.
    (www.orwelltoday.com/grainembargo.shtml)
1981        Apr 24, The IBM Personal Computer was introduced. It used software from a corporation called Microsoft.
    (HN, 4/24/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R42)

1986        Apr 24, Bessie Wallis Warfield Simpson (b.6/19/1896), the Duchess of Windsor, for whom King Edward VIII gave up the British throne, died in Paris at age 89. Wallis Simpson was King Edward VIII's wife. In the early 1950s Simpson engaged in an affair with playboy Jimmy Donahue. In 2000 Christopher Wilson authored "Dancing with the Devil: The Windsors and Jimmy Donahue."
    (AP, 4/24/97)(SFC, 2/28/98, p.A5)(SFC, 1/4/01, p.D10)

1987        Apr 24, In Greece 18 people, including 12 US military personnel, were injured when a roadside bomb exploded in the port of Piraeus; the guerrilla group November 17 claimed responsibility. In 2003 Dimitris Angelopoulos testified that he drove a truck in the bus bombing.
    (AP, 4/24/97)(AP, 3/26/03)

1988        Apr 24, Three sailors were killed and 22 injured when fire broke out aboard the submarine USS Bonefish off the Florida coast.
    (AP, 4/24/98)

1989        Apr 24, President Bush led a memorial service at the Norfolk Naval Station in Virginia for the 47 sailors killed in a gun-turret explosion aboard the USS Iowa.
    (AP, 4/24/99)
1989        Apr 24, Richard M. Daley was inaugurated as the 45th mayor of Chicago. He went on to serve 6 terms. His father, Richard Daley, had served 6 terms as mayor (1955-1976).
    (AP, 4/24/99)(Econ, 9/11/10, p.40)
1989        Apr 24, Thousands of students went on strike in Beijing for democratic reforms.
    (HN, 4/24/98)

1990        Apr 24, Security law violator Michael Milken pleaded guilty to 6 felonies.
    (www.johnreedstark.com/ClassMaterials/LitigationReleases/Milken1991.htm)
1990        Apr 24, The space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla., carrying the $1.5 billion Hubble Space Telescope. It cost $2 billion. The orbital period of the telescope was 97 Minutes. In 2008 Robert Zimmerman authored “The Universe in a Mirror: The Saga of the Hubble Space Telescope and the Visionaries Who Built It.”
    (AP, 4/24/97)(NG, 1/’94, p.23)(WSJ, 2/14/97, p.A1)(SFC, 3/21/98, p.E3)(WSJ, 6/16/08, p.A13)
1990        Apr 24, West and East Germany agreed to merge currency and economies on July 1.
    (www.mofa.go.jp/policy/other/bluebook/1990/1990-3-3.htm)

1991        Apr 24, A Kurdish rebel leader announced the guerrillas had reached an agreement in principle with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to end the Kurds’ two-week rebellion.
    (AP, 4/24/01)

1992        Apr 24, President Bush and Democratic challenger Bill Clinton made long-distance back-to-back appearances via satellite hookups before the National Association of Hispanic Journalists meeting in Albuquerque, N.M.
    (AP, 4/24/97)

1993        Apr 24, The Irish Republican Army (IRA) exploded a truck bomb in London's financial district. It killed a photographer and injured 44 people and cost millions of dollars' worth of damage.
    (SFEC, 12/22/96, Z1 p.7)(AP, 4/24/98)
1993        Apr 24, Former African National Congress president Oliver Tambo (75) died in Johannesburg, South Africa.
    (AP, 4/24/98)

1994        Apr 24, Bosnian Serbs, threatened with NATO air strikes, grudgingly gave up their three-week assault on Gorazde, burning houses and blowing up a water treatment plant as they withdrew.
    (AP, 4/24/99)

1995        Apr 24, Dow Jones Index hit a record 4303.98.
    (www.finfacts.com/Private/curency/djones.htm)
1995        Apr 24, California Forestry Assoc. Pres. Gilbert P. Murray, 47, was killed by a mail bomb at his headquarters in Sacramento. The bomb was attributed to the Unabomber. Gilbert B. Murray, chief lobbyist for the wood products industry, was killed by a package bomb linked to the Unabomber. Theodore Kaczynski was later sentenced to four lifetimes in prison for a series of bombings that killed three men and injured 29 others.
    (WSJ, 4/5/96, p.A-2)(AP, 4/24/05)

1996        Apr 24, Negotiators for Congress and the White House agreed on a permanent budget for fiscal year 1996.
    (AP, 4/24/97)
1996        Apr 24, Pres. Clinton signed the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA). It restricted the role of federal judges in reviewing state cases.
    (SFC, 4/19/00, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/2ltjtf)
1996        Apr 24, An article focused on the "Xanadu Concept" of Theodor Holm Nelson: a universal electronic library and publishing system that would link every book, movie, poem, song and software program ever written.
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.A15)
1996        Apr 24, In India Mahendra Das snuck up behind Hara Kunta as the rival official in the local transporter's union sipped tea at a shop in a busy market in Assam's capital, Gauhati. With a swing of his machete, Das decapitated Kunta. Then he carried the bloody head by the hair to a nearby police station screaming, "I have killed him." Courts ruled that the public nature of the killing warranted the death penalty. In 2011 Das (45) waited as officials searched for a hangman.
    (AP, 6/1/11)
1996        Apr 24, The Palestine National Council voted to revoke articles that contradicted the 1993 accords between Israel and PLO, specifically the parts that called for an armed struggle to destroy Israel.
    (WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-1)(AP, 4/24/97)
1996        Apr 24, Sierra Leone reached a truce with rebels after a five-year war and will seek a permanent peace accord. The truce came after Ivory Coast talks between the new civilian president and the rebel leader.
    (WSJ, 4/24/96, A-1)

1997        Apr 24, The US ratified the UN Chemical Weapons ban. It came into force on April 29. The Senate voted 74-26 to approve the chemical weapons treaty, five days before the pact was to take effect. It was the 75th country to ratify the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention ban signed by 164 states. The signing obliges members to destroy all chemical weapons and production facilities by 2007.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A10)(AP, 4/24/98)(Econ, 8/31/13, p.20)
1997        Apr 24, The trial of Timothy McVeigh, prime suspect of the bombing of the Oklahoma City federal building, began in Denver. The prosecution and defense presented opening statements.
    (WSJ, 4/25/97, p.A1)(AP, 4/24/98)
1997        Apr 24, Scientists reported the discovery of a giant, Jupiter-like planet in the constellation Northern Crown. It appeared to be in a 40-day orbit around the star Rho Coronae Borealis about 50 light-years away.
    (SFC, 4/25/97, p.A11)
1997        Apr 24, Pat Paulsen (69), comedian, died in Mexico. In 1968 on the Smothers Brothers TV show he announced that he was running for president and actually got his name on the ballot in 1972. He built the Pat Paulen Winery in Asti, Ca., and proclaimed himself mayor in 1986.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A22)(AP, 4/24/98)
1997        Apr 24, A Bosnian Serb court sentenced 3 Muslims to 20 years in prison on murder charges for killing 4 Serb civilians in Krusev Dol, near Srebrenica, in May 1996. The men claimed to have been tortured into confessing and denied the charges with scant defense representation.
    (SFC, 4/25/97, p.A14)
1997        Apr 24, In Japan the lower house of parliament voted to make heart transplants possible by recognizing the concept of brain death.
    (SFC, 4/25/97, p.A12)
1997        Apr 24, In Zaire rebels were accused of having killed many refugees and burying them in a mass grave. Large amounts of airlift supplies intended to return Rwandan refugees were seized by rebels.
    (SFC, 4/25/97, p.A12)

1998        Apr 24, The American Health for Women magazine reported that Seattle was the healthiest city for women and that SF rated # 2 and Boston # 3.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A5)
1998        Apr 24, In Pennsylvania a 14-year-old boy was arrested after he shot a teacher to death and injured 2 others during a dance for 8th graders in Edinboro. Andrew Wurst (14) later pleaded guilty to third-degree murder and was sentenced to 30 to 60 years in prison.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A3)(AP, 4/24/03)
1998        Apr 24, In Bosnia some 1500 Bosnian Croats rioted in retaliation for a Serbian attack on Croatian Roman Catholic Cardinal Vinko Puljic.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A9)
1998        Apr 24, In Columbia the FARC released kidnapped American Louise Augustine. Two other bird-watchers were released soon after.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A9)(WSJ, 4/27/98, p.A1)
1998        Apr 24, The Human Rights Office of the Guatemalan Catholic Church issued a report that said 200,000 people died or disappeared during the 36 year civil war that ended in 1996.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A8)
1998        Apr 24, In Peru Pres. Fujimori announced that police captured 3 top guerrilla leaders of the Shining Path.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A9)
1998        Apr 24, After a month of confrontation, Russian lawmakers caved in to President Boris Yeltsin, approving acting prime minister Sergei Kiriyenko, 35, as premier despite doubts about his relative youth and inexperience. Kiriyenko was fired just four months later.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A1)(AP, 4/24/99)
1998        Apr 24, Rwanda executed 22 people by firing squad.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A1)
1998        Apr 24, In Somalia the aid workers kidnapped on Apr 15 were released.
    (SFC, 4/25/98, p.A9)
1998        Apr 24, From Vietnam it was reported that 14 attacks had recently occurred on children aged 3-14 riding on the backs of motor scooters, caused by a slasher riding a Vina Suzuki scooter.
    (SFC, 4/24/98, p.A12)
1998        Apr 24, Re Western Sahara: It was reported that the referendum on independence would be postponed until 1999 due to difficulties in counting eligible voters.
    (SFC, 4/24/98, p.A12)

1999        Apr 24, It was reported that the details of US sorties flown in Yugoslavia were not being shared with NATO allies in order to prevent leaks from compromising the missions.
    (SFC, 4/24/99, p.A13)
1999        Apr 24, On the second day of a NATO summit, the alliance ran into objections from Russia and questions among its own members about enforcing an oil embargo against Yugoslavia by searching ships at sea. President Clinton urged Americans to be patient with the bombing strategy.
    (AP, 4/24/00)
1999        Apr 24, NATO approved a new strategic concept in Washington that allowed the use of military force to prevent the abuse of human rights anywhere in Europe. NATO also announced plans for an around-the-clock war along with Yugoslavia and an effort to choke off oil supplies from the Adriatic. Damage to Yugoslavia was estimated to have reached $100 billion.
    (SFEC, 4/25/99, p.A1,21,28)
1999        Apr 24, A 2nd nail bomb exploded in London’s Brick Lane, one week following a blast that injured 39 people. Police attributed the bombs to a splinter group of Combat 18 (named from the position of Hitler's initials in the alphabet) called White Wolves. David Copeland (24) was convicted for the bombing in 2000.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.D3)(SFEC, 5/2/99, p.A25)(SFC, 7/1/00, p.A14)
1999        Apr 24, In India high temperatures over the past week in several states killed at least 40 people with 28 dead in Orissa.
    (SFC, 4/26/99, p.A15)
1999        Apr 24, In Belgrade, Serbia, a Nato cruise missile struck the building housing Radio-Television Serbia and 16 young employees were killed. The director was charged in 2001 for allowing the workers to die when he knew the station would be hit.
    (SFC, 10/24/01, p.C2)

2000        Apr 24, Concerned about the disappearance of a laptop computer with highly sensitive documents, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright announced a five-point plan to help guard against such lapses in the future.
    (AP, 4/24/01)
2000        Apr 24, In Washington DC a shootout at the National Zoo left 7 children wounded. A 16-year-old high school student, the son of a convicted enforcer, was later arrested.
    (WSJ, 4/25/00, p.A1)(SFC, 4/26/00, p.A3)(SFC, 4/27/00, p.A4)
2000        Apr 24, In Peoria, Ill., 3 construction workers were killed when scaffolding broke away from the McClugage Bridge.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A3)
2000        Apr 24, In NYC an 8th livery cab driver was found shot to death in the Bronx. 11 drivers were killed in 1999.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A5)
2000        Apr 24, In Colombia Pres. Pastrana reached a preliminary agreement with the ELN to withdraw government troops from a northern region as a condition for peace talks. Meanwhile FARC rebels announced a campaign to kidnap millionaires and corporate executives who refuse to pay tribute.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A11)(SFC, 4/27/00, p.A11)
2000        Apr 24, It was reported that officially 5000 new AIDS cases were registered in Irkutsk, Russia, over the last year along with 8,500 heroin addicts. 40% of Russian prostitutes were reported to be HIV-positive.
    (SFC, 4/24/00, p.A12)
2000        Apr 24, In South Africa Pres. Mbeki brokered a deal with Pres. Mugabe of Zimbabwe for an end to the campaign against white farmers in exchange for US and British funding for land reform and a restoration of relations with the IMF.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A10)
2000        Apr 24, In Zimbabwe David Nhaurva, a black supporter of the MDC, was killed by ax blows to the head north of Harare.
    (SFC, 4/26/00, p.A13)

2001        Apr 24, Pres. Bush said that the annual process of selling arms to Taiwan, a US policy since 1982, would end. China condemned the recent $5 billion arms sale.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A9)   
2001        Apr 24, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 to give police officers authority to handcuff, arrest and jail people for minor offenses including traffic offenses.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A11)(AP, 4/24/02)
2001        Apr 24, The US Institute of Medicine issued a 206-page report on the differences in health and disease due to sex in humans.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A3)
2001        Apr 24, California’s credit rating was downgraded by S&P for the 1st time since the recession of 1994.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 24, The Rev. Leon Sullivan, a pioneering civil rights crusader credited with helping end South Africa's system of apartheid, died in Scottsdale, Ariz., at age 78.
    (AP, 4/24/02)
2001        Apr 24, A Twin Otter plane landed at the Amundsen-Scott south Pole Station to pick up Dr. Ronald Shemenski (59), who suffered from a gall bladder attack. A C-130 Hercules from the New Zealand air force rescued 2 Americans from the McMurdo Antarctic Base.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A9)(AP, 4/24/02)
2001        Apr 24, Bosnian Serbs blocked a takeover of their part of Serajevo after an int’l. judge gave it to the Muslim-Croat federation.
    (WSJ, 4/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 24, Israel promised to ease restrictions on Palestinian towns in exchange for Palestinian efforts to prevent violence. Fighting left 2 Palestinians dead.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A12)(WSJ, 4/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 24, In Japan reformer Junichiro Koizumi (59) won elections to head the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). This set him up to become prime minister.
    (SFC, 4/24/01, p.A9)(SFC, 4/25/01, p.A8)(AP, 4/24/02)
2001        Apr 24, In the Philippines former Pres. Joseph Estrada was ordered to be arrested on charges of plunder.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A8)
2001        Apr 24, The Yugoslav army was reported to have charged 183 soldiers with crimes committed during the war in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 4/25/01, p.A12)

2002        Apr 24, On the 10th anniversary of “Take Our Daughters to Work Day,” the Ms. Foundation announced that boys would be included next year.
    (SFC, 4/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 24, The EPA reported that ethanol factories were producing carbon monoxide, methanol and some carcinogens at levels higher than promised.
    (SFC, 5/4/02, p.A3)
2002        Apr 24, Michael McDermott, a software engineer who'd claimed he was insane when he shot to death seven co-workers, was convicted of murder by a jury in Cambridge, Mass.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2002        Apr 24, US cardinals at the Vatican issued a communique for expedited procedures to defrock priests guilty of sexual abuse of minors.
    (SFC, 4/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 24, Greece closed all schools as a mysterious virus spread with 3 deaths and 39 diagnosed cases.
    (WSJ, 4/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 24, Israeli tanks rolled into Hebron. 3 Palestinian boys (14) were killed as they tried to attack a Jewish settlement.
    (WSJ, 4/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 24, In Turkmenistan a 5-nation Caspian Sea summit failed to reach agreement on dividing up the oil riches of the area.
    (WSJ, 4/25/02, p.A1)

2003        Apr 24, A new Cesar Chavez stamp was issued by the US postal service.
    (SFC, 4/25/03, A27)
2003        Apr 24, In Red Lion, Pa. James Shetts (14), a student armed with at least two handguns, fatally shot Eugene Segro (51), his school principal, in a crowded cafeteria before killing himself.
    (Reuters, 4/24/03)(SFC, 4/25/03, A7)
2003        Apr 24, Canada banned cod fishing off the Atlantic provinces and Quebec due to the collapse of cod stocks.
    (SFC, 4/25/03, A8)
2003        Apr 24, China shut down a major hospital in Beijing and put more than 2,000 employees under observation for severe acute respiratory syndrome. The global death toll from SARS surpassed 260
    (AP, 4/24/04)
2003        Apr 24, In Congo at least 60 members of the Lendu tribe were killed by the rival Hema in the Ituri region near the Uganda border. The attack was ordered by Hema militia leader Chief Yves Kahwa Mandro. The Lendu then killed about 60 Hema who were fleeing to Uganda to escape ongoing violence.
    (AP, 4/28/03)
2003        Apr 24, Iceland opened a filling station for hydrogen-powered vehicles.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2003        Apr 24, Tariq Aziz (8 of spades), Iraqi deputy prime minister, surrendered to US forces.
    (AP, 4/25/03)(SFC, 4/25/03, A1)
2003        Apr 24, Japanese scientists reported that a new vitamin that plays an important role in fertility in mice and may have a similar function in humans. They said Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), a substance discovered in 1979, can be categorized as a vitamin.
    (AP, 4/24/03)
2003        Apr 24, A Palestinian suicide bomber killed Alexander Kostyuk (23), a security guard, in a rush-hour attack at an Israeli train station. Israeli forces on patrol killed 2 Palestinians in Qarawat Bani Zeid.
    (AP, 4/24/03)(SFC, 4/25/03, A3)
2003        Apr 24, In the Turks and Caicos Islands the governing party narrowly held on to power in elections, giving Chief Minister Derek Taylor an unprecedented third term.
    (AP, 4/25/03)

2004        Apr 24, In Los Angeles, Vitali Klitschko stopped Corrie Sanders late in the eighth round to win the WBC heavyweight title vacated by the retirement of Lennox Lewis.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2004        Apr 24, Greek Cypriots overwhelmingly rejected a UN plan, the Annan Plan, to reunite Cyprus. The European Union pledged to start searching for ways to extend a hand of friendship to the island's long-ostracized Turkish side. It meant that only the Greek side of Cyprus would join the European Union on May 1.
    (AP, 4/25/04)(WSJ, 4/26/04, p.A13)(Econ, 5/1/04, p.49)
2004        Apr 24, Insurgents struck a U.S. military base north of Baghdad with rockets at dawn, killing 4 American soldiers. A rocket crashed into a crowded market in the Iraqi capital, killing at least three people. In addition up to 12 Iraqis were killed in several attacks, including an apparent suicide car bombing in Tikrit. At least 33 Iraqis died this day in multiple incidents.
    (AP, 4/24/04)(SSFC, 4/25/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 24, Three small dhows, a boat often used in the Gulf, exploded in the Gulf waters off Iraq's port of Umm Qasr when approached by teams sent to intercept them. Oil terminals at al-Basra and Khawr al-Amaya were targeted. The dhow near Khawr al-Amaya flipped over a U.S. Navy interception craft, killing 2 US sailors and wounding five others. Al Qaeda later claimed responsibility
    (AP, 4/25/04)(WSJ, 4/27/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 24, In Sri Lanka President Chandrika Kumaratunga's alliance won a key regional election, nearly 3 weeks after it emerged as the single largest party in parliamentary polls.
    (AP, 4/25/04)

2005        Apr 24, An unusual spring storm dumped nearly 2 feet of wet snow on parts of the Midwest and Appalachians, covering newly sprouting plants, snapping power lines and taking a bite out of baseball. 80,000 in the Cleveland area lost their electricity.
    (AP, 4/25/05)(WSJ, 4/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 24, In northeast China rescuers worked to free 69 coal miners trapped in a flooded mine at the Tengda Coal Mine, run by the local government in Jiaohe, a city in Jilin province.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 24, Some 82 people died in floods that swept eastern Ethiopia on the weekend.
    (AP, 4/27/05)
2005        Apr 24, In Indonesia representatives of more than 100 African and Asian countries closed out a summit (b.1955) with promises to boost economic relations and counter the threat of globalization.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 24, A car bomb exploded outside a police academy in Tikrit, Saddam Hussein's hometown. Another one went off moments later as authorities rushed to the scene, killing at least six Iraqis and wounding 33. Deaths from car bombings targeting police and civilians in Tikrit and Baghdad rose to 29.
    (AP, 4/25/05)
2005        Apr 24, A US soldier was killed when a roadside bomb exploded as his convoy passed west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 24, Ezer Weizman (80), former Israeli president (1993-2000), died. He was a political moderate who pioneered contacts with Palestinian leaders and helped bring about the Jewish state's first peace treaty with an Arab country. As defense minister in 1979, he was instrumental in negotiating Israel's peace treaty with Egypt.
    (AP, 4/25/05)(Econ, 5/7/05, p.81)
2005        Apr 24, Syrian troops burned documents and dismantled military posts in their final hours in Lebanon, before deploying toward the border and effectively ending 29 years of military presence in the country.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 24, In southern Thailand suspected Islamic separatists detonated a bomb, killing two police officers and wounding three other people.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 24, Voters lined up across Togo to choose a new president, hoping to establish democracy after the tiny West African nation was thrown into months of political turmoil by the death of Africa's longest-serving ruler.
    (AP, 4/24/05)
2005        Apr 24, Pope Benedict XVI formally began his stewardship of the Roman Catholic Church; the former Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger said in his installation homily that as pontiff he would listen to the will of God in governing the world's 1.1 billion Catholics.
    (AP, 4/24/06)

2006        Apr 24, Speaking in Irvine, Calif., President Bush said those calling for massive deportation of the estimated 11 million foreigners living illegally in the United States were not being realistic.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2006        Apr 24, Sanjay Kumar, the former CEO of Computer Associates International Inc., pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice and securities fraud charges in a massive accounting scandal at the Long Island-based software company.
    (AP, 4/25/06)
2006        Apr 24, Scott McNealy (51) stepped down as CEO of Sun Microsystems. He was replaced by Jonathan Schwartz, who had served as chief operating officer.
    (SFC, 4/25/06, p.C1)
2006        Apr 24, Rabbi Moses Teitelbaum (91), the spiritual leader of an ultra-Orthodox Jewish sect, died in New York.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2006        Apr 24, In Afghanistan a US-leased Antonov-32 plane carrying counternarcotics officials crashed into a nomad settlement while trying to avoid a truck on a runway during landing. 2 Ukrainian crewmen were killed along with 3 people on the ground, including 2 girls sleeping in their homes. In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition warplanes bombed a suspected Taliban camp in Helmand province, killing 3 insurgents. 5 more militants and one policeman died in a gunbattle in the Miana Shien district.
    (AFP, 4/24/06)(AP, 4/25/06)(WSJ, 4/25/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 24, In Rio de Janeiro a law went into effect requiring “women-only” cars on subway and above ground trains.
    (SSFC, 4/30/06, p.G2)
2006        Apr 24, A tiny ecological car was launched in Britain after three years of research financed by the EU. The three-wheeled vehicle runs on natural gas and consumes 2.5 liters of fuel per 100 kilometers (94 miles per gallon). Known as the Clever, Compact Low Emission Vehicle for Urban Transport, the car is easy to park and can transport a driver and one passenger, seated in the back.
    (AFP, 4/24/06)
2006        Apr 24, In Egypt 3 explosions rocked the resort city of Dahab at the height of the tourist season, killing 21 people and wounding more than 80. 3 of the dead were thought to be suicide bombers.
    (AP, 4/25/06)(AP, 5/2/06)
2006        Apr 24, In Haiti partial results indicated that President-elect Rene Preval's party had won at least 11 of 30 senate seats in the parliamentary runoff.
    (AP, 4/24/06)
2006        Apr 24, In Iraq 7 car bombs exploded across Baghdad, killing at least six people and wounding dozens, as politicians met to try to finalize a new Cabinet. Mortar attacks killed at least 15 people. Police discovered 28 bodies in Baghdad and Mosul, 15 of them security forces recruits.
    (AP, 4/24/06)(SFC, 4/25/06, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/25/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 24, In northern Nepal communist rebels stormed army bases and government buildings in a bold assault. A night-long gunfight left six people dead. In the capital, security forces fired rubber bullets on crowds of pro-democracy protesters. King Gayendra appeared on national television shortly before midnight and read words that restored the parliament.
    (AP, 4/24/06)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.44)
2006        Apr 24, In the Philippines government prosecutors filed rebellion charges against a former senator, six leftist lawmakers and 42 others suspected of plotting a coup in February against President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
    (AP, 4/24/06)
2006        Apr 24, Sri Lanka's military accused ethnic Tamil minority rebels of killing six Sinhalese rice farmers working in their fields to provoke ethnic rioting.
    (AP, 4/24/06)
2006        Apr 24, In Turkmenistan Gurbanbibi Atajanova, former chief state prosecutor, was charged with corruption. She begged not to be sent to prison after being accused of possessing 25 houses, 36 cars and 2,000 head of cattle.
    (Econ, 5/27/06, p.39)(http://turkmenistan.neweurasia.net/?cat=3)
2006        Apr 24, Vietnam's ruling Communist Party re-elected its leader, General Secretary Nong Duc Manh (65), for a second five-year term. The Congress approved a new five-year plan with targets for improving infrastructure and making Vietnam a modern industrial nation by 2020.
    (AFP, 4/24/06)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.38)

2007        Apr 24, In a harsh exchange, Vice President Dick Cheney accused Democratic leader Harry Reid of personally pursuing a defeatist strategy in Iraq to win votes at home, a charge Reid dismissed as President Bush's "attack dog" lashing out.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2007        Apr 24, The US military formally charged Omar Khadr (20), a young Canadian prisoner, with murder and other crimes, clearing the way for his trial before the war crimes tribunal at the Guantanamo Bay naval base. Khadr was captured during a gunfight at an alleged al Qaeda compound in Afghanistan when he was 15 and sent to Guantanamo shortly after turning 16. Khadr's family was close to Osama bin Laden and his Egyptian-born father, Ahmed Said Khadr, was an alleged al Qaeda financier killed in a battle with Pakistani soldiers in 2003. His family had lived in Pakistan but returned to Canada after the elder Khadr's death.
    (Reuters, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, US FDA advisers endorsed a Pfizer AIDS drug that fights HIV by blocking one of two cell receptors that are infection routes.
    (WSJ, 4/25/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 24, A consortium led by US private equity group KKR was left unchallenged in its quest to take over Alliance Boots, after a rival British bidder withdrew its bid for Europe's biggest pharmacy chain.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, The video game “Lord of the Rings Online,” developed by Turbine Inc., was released for the Microsoft Windows platform. It initially cost players $40 plus a subscription for each month played.
    (Econ, 12/10/11, SR p.7)
2007        Apr 24, A tornado in the Texas border town of Eagle Pass killed at least 10 people and destroyed two schools and more than 20 homes. The storm killed 2 more people in Arkansas and Louisiana.
    (AP, 4/25/07)(SFC, 4/26/07, p.A3)
2007        Apr 24, European astronomers announced they had found a potentially habitable planet outside the solar system. They said the planet had Earth-like temperatures, a find described as a big step in the search for "life in the universe." The planet, named 581c, circled the red dwarf star, Gliese 581, relatively nearby at 120 trillion miles away.
    (AP, 4/24/07)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.93)
2007        Apr 24, Japan's Toyota Motor Corp. reported that it outsold General Motors Corp. by around 90,000 vehicles in the first quarter, moving a step closer to unseating its US rival as the world's biggest automaker. Aside from a few strike-related blips GM had been the top US car seller since 1931.
    (Reuters, 4/24/07)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.76)
2007        Apr 24, Warren E. Avis (b.1915), founder of the Avis Rent-A-Car System (1946), died in Ann Arbor, Mich.
    (WSJ, 4/28/07, p.A6)
2007        Apr 24, Afghan and international forces clashed overnight with Taliban insurgents in two separate gun battles in the south and west, leaving 13 militants dead and four other people wounded. Five more “enemy elements" were killed in the northeastern province of Kunar in an operation by troops from the Afghan security forces and US-led coalition. Militants ambushed a police car in the west, killing four officers, in the Guzara district in Herat province. Fighting in Ghazni province left three construction company guards and seven Taliban dead.
    (AFP, 4/24/07)(AFP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 24, British anti-terrorist police arrested six people who were suspected of inciting others to commit acts of terrorism overseas and raising funds for terrorism.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, Ecuador's popular President Rafael Correa tightened his hold over all branches of government, sending police to prevent the return of opposition lawmakers as his tentative majority in Congress dismissed all nine members of the nation's highest court.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, In Baghdad two bombs went off outside the Iranian Embassy for the second consecutive day. Six civilians were injured. In Diyala province gunmen disguised as Iraqi soldiers killed six Iraqis and burned five homes. South of Baghdad a family of seven was shot to death in their beds at dawn by masked gunmen. The Shaibah logistics base, once the main center of British military operations in Iraq, was turned over to the Iraqi national army on for use as a training base.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, China's secretive communist government said it has approved rules boosting official transparency but added that state secrets have to be safeguarded and social stability preserved. Eight miners were missing and feared dead following an explosion in a mine in Handan, an industrial city in Hebei province.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, In Ethiopia Ogaden rebels raided a Chinese-run oil field near the Somali border, killing 65 Ethiopians and nine Chinese workers. An Ethiopian rebel group claimed responsibility. The next day Ethiopia blamed Eritrea for the attack. Eritrea issued a swift, angry denial. In 2008 security forces arrested eight men suspected of involvement in the deadly raid.
    (AP, 4/24/07)(AP, 4/25/07)(WSJ, 4/25/07, p.A1)(AFP, 3/30/08)
2007        Apr 24, In Indonesia Richard Ness an American director of Newmont Mining Corp., the world's largest gold producer, was acquitted of charges the company dumped dangerous amounts of toxic waste into a bay off Sulawesi Island.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, The armed wing of Hamas fired a barrage of rockets and mortar shells from Gaza toward Israel on its independence day, and said they considered it the end of a five-month truce with Israel.
    (AP, 4/24/07)(WSJ, 4/25/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 24, Joji Obara (54), a Tokyo businessman, was sentenced to life in prison for a wave of brutal assaults on women, but was cleared over the 2000 abduction and killing of British bar hostess Lucie Blackman.
    (AFP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, Mexico City lawmakers voted to legalize abortion during the first three months of pregnancy, a landmark decision likely to heighten church-state tensions in the Roman Catholic nation and lead to a bitter court battle.
    (AP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 24, The Nigerian government accused Bola Tinubu, the governor of Lagos, of operating foreign accounts contrary to his oath of office.
    (AP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 24, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf arrived in Spain, part of a four-nation tour of Europe, for talks expected to focus on Islamic radicalism and NATO's mission in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, At a conference in Moscow titled “Megaprojects of Russia’s East,” supporters proposed a 68-mile tunnel under the Bering Strait. The tunnel linking Alaska and Siberia would cost $65 billion and take some 20 years to build.
    (SFC, 4/25/07, p.A6)
2007        Apr 24, Rwandan media said that a former Belgian army officer in the UN mission to Rwanda (Minuar) has accused French soldiers of training extremist Hutus responsible for the 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, In Somalia artillery shells and mortars rained down on Mogadishu in a seventh straight day of raging battles that have left nearly 250 dead.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, Tamil rebel planes bombed government positions in northern Sri Lanka in their second-ever airstrike. The military said six soldiers were killed but that the aircraft were turned back before reaching a key base.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, A Syrian court convicted prominent human rights activist Anwar al-Bunni of disseminating hostile information and sentenced him to five years in jail.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, Turkey's foreign minister Abdullah Gul was named as the ruling party's candidate for the presidency, a decision that will maintain continuity in EU reforms but fails to resolve a fight between the country's secular and Islamist camps.
    (AP, 4/24/07)
2007        Apr 24, Yanis Chimaras (51), a Venezuelan soap opera actor, was stabbed to death when he came upon a robbery in a Caracas suburb. The Justice Ministry reported 9,402 homicides nationwide in 2005.
    (AP, 4/26/07)

2008        Apr 24, It was reported that the US military’s health insurance program has been swindled out of more than $100 million over the past decade in bogus claims filed in the Philippines, where US bases were closed in 1992.
    (SFC, 4/24/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 24, Film star Wesley Snipes was sentenced to 3 years in prison for willfully failing to file tax returns.
    (SFC, 4/25/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 24, UC Berkeley officials defended an arrangement that allowed campus Police Chief Victoria Harrison (54) to retire last year with a $2.1 million package and then return to the same job for more money.
    (SFC, 4/25/08, p.B1)
2008        Apr 24, The Washington-based Cato Institute announced that Yon Goicoechea (23), a law student in Venezuela, was winner of the $500,000 Milton Friedman Prize for Advancing Liberty. Goicoechea took a central role last year in rallying students to oppose what he sees as threats to personal liberties and democracy in Venezuela.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, It was reported that surviving members of the Grateful Dead band have decided to give the group’s archives to the US Santa Cruz library.
    (WSJ, 4/24/08, p.A4)
2008        Apr 24, James Day (89), co-founder of San Francisco’s KQED TV station (1954), died in NYC. In 1995 he published “The Vanishing Vision: The Inside Story of Public Television.”
    (SFC, 4/30/08, p.B9)
2008        Apr 24, In Argentina authorities detained Luis Abelardo Patti, a politician and former police officer targeted in a Dirty War-era human rights probe in Argentina, just hours after Congress barred him from taking up a seat that would have afforded him immunity.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 24, In Bolivia a packed SUV collided with a group of cyclists on Bolivia's "Highway of Death," killing 9 people, including a British man who was the second foreign tourist to die this week along the notorious road.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, In England police in Leeds found Damien Oldfield (33) stabbed to death. Anthony Morley (36) attacked Damien Oldfield (33) during a night the pair spent together at Morley's home. Morley slit Oldfield's throat as he lay in his bed, stabbed him repeatedly and cooked some of his flesh. On Oct 20 Morley was sentenced to a minimum of 30 years in prison.
    (AP, 10/20/08)(http://tinyurl.com/6nw7hx)
2008        Apr 24, Canada’s British Columbia province shut the door on exploring for radioactive minerals, saying companies cannot claim rights to them even if the discovery is by accident.
    (Reuters, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, China said a shipment of arms bound for Zimbabwe will be recalled after South African workers refused to unload the vessel and other neighboring countries barred it from their ports.
    (Reuters, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, Ethiopia launched a commodities exchange market, aimed at boosting fair trade and stabilizing its food market.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, In Honduras gunmen ambushed and killed Altagracia Fuentes (60), the leader of Honduras' largest workers federation and two traveling companions.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 24, Britain's foreign secretary held talks with Iraqi PM Nouri al-Maliki. PM al-Maliki said all political blocs have agreed to return to the government. At least 13 people were reported killed in the ongoing fighting between Shiite militiamen and Iraqi and US-led forces. A US soldier was killed in a roadside bombing south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/24/08)(AP, 4/25/08)(WSJ, 4/25/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 24, An Israeli airstrike in Gaza wounded three militants and tanks were moving toward the area. Hamas proposed a six-month cease-fire with Israel, saying it will stop firing rockets out of Gaza if the Jewish state simultaneously lifts its blockade of the coastal strip.
    (AP, 4/24/08)(AFP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, Nepal's former communist rebels were declared the biggest party in a new governing assembly. While the Maoists won't have a majority, they are expected to usher in sweeping changes for the poor Himalayan nation.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, In Nigeria members of a white-collar union working for Mobil Producing Nigeria (MPN), an affiliate of US oil group ExxonMobil, began an indefinite strike over pay and working conditions. MEND fighters sabotaged a Royal Dutch Shell oil pipeline in southern Rivers State.
    (AP, 4/24/08)(AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 24, Sri Lanka carried out retaliatory air strikes against Tamil Tiger rebels, a day after intense artillery battles left hundreds killed or wounded, according to officials on both sides.
    (AFP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, Syria dismissed US accusations that North Korea was helping it build a nuclear reactor that could produce plutonium. Israeli warplanes bombed a site in Syria on Sept. 6, 2007, that private analysts said appeared to have been the site of a reactor, based on commercial satellite imagery taken after the raid. Syria later razed the site.
    (AP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, Taiwan's Supreme Court cleared the island's president-elect Ma Ying-jeou of corruption charges, delivering a final ruling in the high-profile case less than a month before he takes office.
    (AFP, 4/24/08)
2008        Apr 24, Elections were held in Tonga as part of its transition to full democracy.
    (Econ, 5/3/08, p.52)

2009        Apr 24, US federal regulators privately began telling the nation's 19 largest financial institutions how well they performed in stress tests to assess their soundness. The results were scheduled for public release on May 4.
    (AP, 4/24/09)(SFC, 4/25/09, p.C1)
2009        Apr 24, It was reported that stem-cell scientists had reprogrammed mature cells into embryonic-like cells using proteins instead of genes.
    (WSJ, 4/22/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 24, It was reported that scientists have created the first genetic blueprint of domestic cattle and found they share 80% of their genes with humans.
    (WSJ, 4/22/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 24, South Carolina's worst wildfire in at least three decades threatened to intensify after a lull overnight, when calm winds and firebreaks helped contain the blaze that demolished homes and roared through woods just miles from the most-populated stretch of the state's tourist beaches.
    (AP, 4/24/09)
2009        Apr 24, In Afghanistan a bomb inside a package left at a checkpoint in Kabul exploded when police opened it, killing one officer. Taliban militants released the father of Afghanistan's education minister after holding him hostage for four days. International and Afghan troops clashed with insurgents in fighting that left at least 12 militants dead.
    (AP, 4/24/09)(WSJ, 4/25/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 24, Margaret Gelling (84), expert on English place names, died. From 1986 to 1998 she served as the president of the English Place-Name Society.
    (Econ, 5/16/09, p.93)
2009        Apr 24, The Canadian Auto Workers union and Chrysler Canada reached a tentative concession deal that would cut about C$19 ($15.70) an hour from labor costs in a bid to keep the struggling automaker from bankruptcy.
    (Reuters, 4/24/09)
2009        Apr 24, China enacted a new postal law propping up its China Post monopoly. It imposed new rules on small domestic companies and severely limited the activities of foreign owned firms.
    (Econ, 5/2/09, p.65)
2009        Apr 24, David Duke (59), the former Grand Wizard of the Louisiana-founded Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, arrived in Prague at the invitation of a local far-right group, Narodni Odpor (National Resistance). He was soon arrested and questioned for several hours on suspicion of promoting movements seeking the suppression of human rights. Duke was freed during the night and forced to leave the country the next day.
    (AFP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 24, In Egypt a woman (33) died from the H5N1 strain of bird flu, the third death from the disease in Egypt this week.
    (AFP, 4/24/09)
2009        Apr 24, Ethiopian authorities arrested 35 members of an opposition group accused of plotting to carry out a "terror attack" in the Horn of Africa nation.
    (AFP, 4/26/09)
2009        Apr 24, In India's remote northeast Assam state wild elephants demolished two thatched-roof huts, killing five villagers in a pre-dawn attack. India's northeast has the world's highest number of wild Asiatic elephants, with 7,000 estimated in the states of Assam and Meghalaya alone.
    (AP, 4/24/09)
2009        Apr 24, In Iraq back-to-back, female suicide bombings killed 71 people outside Baghdad’s Shiite shrine of Imam Mousa al-Kazim. Among the dead were 25 Iranian pilgrims. An American soldier died as a result of a noncombat related incident in the northern Salahuddin province.
    (AP, 4/24/09)(AP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 24, Jewish settlers, Israeli troops and Palestinian villagers clashed with guns, rocks and tear gas, leaving five Palestinians hospitalized.
    (AP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 24, Jordan's king recorded an interview urging President Barack Obama to take a more forceful role in the peace process between Israelis and Palestinians, warning of a new Mideast war if there is no significant progress in the next 18 months.
    (AP, 4/26/09)
2009        Apr 24, In Italy US and Russian arms negotiators held a "very productive" initial round of talks aimed at agreeing a new treaty to curb nuclear weapons as part of a broader effort to improve relations.
    (AP, 4/24/09)
2009        Apr 24, In Madagascar police clashed with supporters of the ousted president leaving 2 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/25/09, p.A2)
2009        Apr 24, Malaysia's PM Najib Razak vowed to investigate a scathing report by US lawmakers saying thousands of Myanmar refugees were handed over to human traffickers and ended up working in Thai brothels.
    (AP, 4/24/09)
2009        Apr 24, Mexico’s Health Secretary Jose Cordova said private and public schools in Mexico city have been ordered to remain closed due to a flue epidemic. At least 20 people have died nationwide from the flu in the last three weeks.
    (AP, 4/24/09)
2009        Apr 24, In Mexico the bullet-riddled bodies of nine men were found in and around the resort of Acapulco. 2 federal police agents were shot to death in Ciudad Juarez, as they walked in the downtown area after leaving a bar. Mexican authorities captured German Torres (29), an alleged cartel hit man suspected in the abduction of American anti-kidnapping expert Felix Batista. Batista was kidnapped in Coahuila state Dec. 10 and has not been heard from since.
    (AP, 4/24/09)(AP, 4/26/09)
2009        Apr 24, In Pakistan Taliban militants who had seized Buner district, just 60 miles from the capital, began pulling out after the government warned it would use force to evict them.
    (AP, 4/24/09)
2009        Apr 24, Paraguay’s President Fernando Lugo asked for forgiveness for a paternity scandal in which three women claim the former Roman Catholic bishop fathered their children. He vowed not to let the current scandal distract his government from pressing reforms, and said he would step down only when his term ends in 2013.
    (AP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 24, Somalia's hardline Islamist leader Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys ruled out talks on with the government until African Union peacekeepers withdraw from the war-torn country.
    (AFP, 4/24/09)

2010        Apr 24, In Mississippi a devastating tornado sliced through the state killing 10 people including 3 children. Tornadoes also were reported in Louisiana, Arkansas and Alabama with 2 deaths in Alabama.
    (AP, 4/25/10)(AP, 4/26/10)
2010        Apr 24, The Texas Rangers filed for bankruptcy. Hicks Sports Group, the holding company that owns the Rangers, stopped paying interest on its $525 million of debts last year.
    (Econ, 5/29/10, p.64)
2010        Apr 24, Angus Maddison (83), British economic historian and chiffrephile (a lover of figures) died. His life work included 20 books and 130 article plus 19 volumes that he edited or co-authored. 
    (Econ, 5/1/10, p.80)(Econ, 10/4/14, p.82)
2010        Apr 24, In Chile Paul Schaefer (89), a former Nazi soldier, died in a prison. He had founded Colonia Dignidad, a secretive, commune-like colony of German immigrants and was serving time for child molestation and human rights abuses dating to the dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet.
    (AP, 4/24/10)
2010        Apr 24, China replaced Wang Lequan (65), the unpopular Communist Party boss for western Xinjiang province, months after ethnic riots there killed nearly 200. The Xinhua News Agency said Wang had been appointed as deputy secretary of a political committee of the Central Committee. It is not known if he is still a member of the party's Politburo, the 25-member body near the pinnacle of power in China. He was replaced by Zhang Chunxian (56), party boss of southern Hunan province since November 2006. The Dalian city government ordered the mayor of Zhuanghe city to resign for his "mismanagement" of an April 13 incident in which he ignored scores of villagers who knelt in front of government offices to appeal for an investigation into official corruption.
    (AP, 4/24/10)(AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 24, Iran’s official IRNA news agency reported that Iran has amnestied 110 "terrorists" since it captured the leader of a Sunni insurgency in southeastern Sistan-Baluchestan province in February. Provincial governor Ali Mohammad Azad said 300 militants had "expressed regret" for their actions since Abdolmalek Rigi's arrest.
    (AFP, 4/24/10)
2010        Apr 24, In Mexico gunmen armed with assault rifles and grenades attacked a convoy carrying the top security official of the western state of Michoacan, killing four and wounding 10. In the Pacific coast state of Guerrero, the dismembered bodies of three men were found in plastic bags inside a home outside the resort of Acapulco. A hand-lettered sign blamed the three dead men for the April 14 shooting that killed six people on Acapulco's main boulevard. Prosecutors in Chihuahua state, where Ciudad Juarez is located, announced the arrest of a man suspected of participating in last year's killing of an anti-crime activist and a neighbor, both of whom lived in rural Chihuahua but held dual US citizenship. Ubaldo Rohan was charged with acting as a lookout in the kidnapping of activist Benjamin LeBaron's brother, Eric. After LeBaron protested the kidnapped, he and a neighbor were killed [see July 7, 2009]. 
    (AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 24, In New Zealand 3 airmen were killed and a fourth seriously hurt after a military helicopter en route to a military memorial flyover crashed on farmland north of Wellington.
    (AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 24, Nigeria and the United States agreed to work together to counter the spread of nuclear weapons. The agreement was announced following a meeting between US undersecretary of state for political affairs William Burns with acting Pres. Goodluck Jonathan.
    (AFP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 24, In Nigeria Edo Ugbagwu (42), a justice reporter for the daily newspaper The Nation, died in a shooting after some sort of confrontation at his home in Lagos. Two journalists working for a Christian magazine were stabbed to death by a mob in a predominantly Muslim suburb in the flashpoint Nigerian city of Jos. Kidnappers seized the commissioner of the environment in southern oil-rich Bayelsa State, along with her mother-in-law, during a private visit to Abia state. Mrs. Victoria Denenu and her mother-in-law were released on April 29.
    (AP, 4/26/10)(AFP, 4/26/10)(AFP, 4/27/10)(AFP, 5/1/10)
2010        Apr 24, In northwest Pakistan a suicide attack on a prison van wounded at least 10 policemen in Timergarah. Troops waging an offensive in the Orakzai tribal region killed 20 suspected Taliban insurgents. Gunmen torched 6 NATO oil tankers killing 4 police officers in the Chakwal district of Punjab province.
    (AP, 4/24/10)(SSFC, 4/25/10, p.A7) 
2010        Apr 24, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas called for an "open political dialogue" between Palestinian groups and both Israeli and Jewish organizations around the world.
    (AFP, 4/24/10)
2010        Apr 24, Paraguay lawmakers gave Pres. Fernando Lugo and the army emergency powers resembling martial law to pursue a guerrilla group known for its kidnappings in the north of the country.
    (AP, 4/24/10)
2010        Apr 24, In Peru police Gen. Luis Muguruza, who commanded a police operation against an Indian road blockade last June that resulted in 33 deaths, was named a member of the Interior Ministry's human rights commission, according to a decree published in the government's official gazette.
    (AP, 4/26/10)
2010        Apr 24, A Russian Proton rocket carrying a US AMC 49 telecommunications satellite was launched into orbit from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
    (AFP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 24, In Spain tens of thousands of people marched through Madrid and other Spanish cities in a boisterous show of support for Judge Baltasar Garzon, who has been indicted on charges of abusing his authority by investigating atrocities committed during the civil war and the early years of Gen. Francisco Franco's dictatorship.
    (AP, 4/24/10)
2010        Apr 24, Thailand's PM Abhisit Vejjajiva rejected scaled-back demands that he dissolve Parliament in 30 days, prompting anti-government protesters to pull out of negotiations and dashing hopes for an imminent resolution to the country's political crisis.
    (AP, 4/24/10)
2010        Apr 24, Ukraine's political opposition sought to rally people against a decision by President Viktor Yanukovich to allow the Russian navy to stay in Ukraine's Crimea until 2042.
    (Reuters, 4/24/10)

2011        Apr 24, In New Mexico Margaret Salcedo (48) was mauled to death by a pack of four pit bulls in the town of Truth or Consequences.
    (Reuters, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 24, In New Mexico a small plane crashed in Heron Lake near the town of Chama. Police divers the next day recovered some human remains and bundles of cocaine.
    (SFC, 4/26/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 24, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a NATO service members. NATO confirmed that Afghan and coalition forces have killed three leaders of the Haqqani network, including Salih Khan, a senior Haqqani leader in Nadir Shah Kot district.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Sir Denis Mahon (b.1910), a renowned art collector and historian, died in London. He left his collection to the Art Fund charity with instructions it should be placed on display in specific venues in perpetuity.
    (Reuters, 2/20/13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denis_Mahon)
2011        Apr 24, Cambodian and Thai troops exchanged artillery fire in a third day of fighting that has killed 10 soldiers and uprooted thousands of villagers from their homes.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, In India Hindu guru Sathya Sai Baba (b.1926), revered by millions worldwide, died after nearly a month of hospital treatment near his southern Indian ashram. Trust members found 98 kg (215.6 pounds) of gold, 307 kg of silver and 115 million rupees ($2.55 million) in cash afterwards in his private quarters. The treasure was recorded in the presence of two retired judges. On June 28 trustees offered to pay tax on the vast piles of cash and gold.
    (AP, 4/24/11)(Econ, 5/14/11, p.110)(AFP, 6/28/11)
2011        Apr 24, Iran and Iraq signed agreements to return each others' detainees, which could lead to the forced repatriation of an Iranian opposition group based in Iraq.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 24, In Iraq a bomb exploded outside the entrance of a Baghdad church injuring at least 7 people.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu (bv.1924), the de facto First Lady of South Vietnam (1955-1963), died in Rome, Italy. In 2013 Monique Brinson Demery authored “Finding the Dragon lady: The Mystery of Vietnam’s Madame Nhu.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madame_Nhu)(SSFC, 11/3/13, p.F5)
2011        Apr 24, In Japan thousands of people marched in Tokyo to demand an end to nuclear power and a switch to alternative energy after the crisis at an atomic plant hit by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.
    (AFP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Kuwait announced a pledge of "urgent humanitarian aid" to Libyan civilians, through the Transitional National Council of Libya. The pledge was later said to be $180 million.
    (AFP, 5/7/11)
2011        Apr 24, Libyan rebel fighters drove Moammar Gadhafi's forces to the edge of Misrata, taking control of the main hospital where government troops had been holed up. At least 28 people have been killed and 85 wounded by fighting in the city over the last 24 hours. Salvos of Grad rockets exploded In Misrata in apparent contradiction of Gadhafi's vow to halt fire there. Residents said 4 people were killed in the mountain town of Zintan, around 160 km (100 miles) southwest of Tripoli, by fire from Gaddafi's tanks and rockets.
    (AP, 4/24/11)(AFP, 4/24/11)(AP, 4/25/11)(AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 24, Mexico’s Federal Competition Commission confirmed that it hit Telcel with a fine of 11.99 billion pesos ($1 billion) for charging competing networks sky-high connection fees.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.41)(http://tinyurl.com/6dft5fj)
2011        Apr 24, In Mexico a severed head was found on a street outside the central bus terminal in Zihuatanejo, Guerrero state.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, In Morocco thousands of demonstrators marched peacefully in several cities to demand more democracy and social justice despite King Mohammed VI's concessions, including the release of political prisoners.
    (AFP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Nigerian police said at least 11 recent college graduates who helped run polling stations as part of the country's national youth service corps have been killed in postelection violence in northern Nigeria and other female poll workers have been raped. A Nigerian human rights group said more than 500 people were killed in post-election violence last week in the mostly Muslim north.
    (AP, 4/24/11)(Reuters, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, A Palestinian policeman opened fire at a group of Israelis who had come to pray at a Jewish holy site in the West Bank without authorization, killing one and wounding four. Hours later, Jewish settlers attacked Palestinian cars south of Nablus, setting fire to one after its passengers fled and stoning passing vehicles before Israeli soldiers dispersed them.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, In South Africa the body of Noxolo Nogwaza (24) was found in a drainage ditch choked with trash and high reeds. The lesbian activist had been repeatedly stabbed with broken glass, and beaten so severely with chunks of concrete that her teeth had been knocked out.
    (AP, 5/10/11)(http://wherethegirlsgo.com/tag/noxolo-nogwaza/)
2011        Apr 24, South Sudan’s Brig. Malaak Ayuen, the head of the Southern Sudan's Army Information Department, said at least 115 people have died in violence between government forces and a rebel militia in Southern Sudan this week. Militia chief Gabriel Tang and around 1,300 of his men surrendered peacefully.
    (AP, 4/24/11)(AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 24, Thousands of Syrians called for the overthrow of President Bashar al-Assad at a funeral for protesters killed by security forces in the southern town of Nawa. Syrian security forces detained dozens of opposition activists and others in raids. In Jableh army troops and police reportedly opened fire from rooftop positions even though no protest was in progress, killing one person and wounding several others.
    (Reuters, 4/24/11)(AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, Turkmenistan culminated a weekend horse show with opening of the four new lavish race tracks. The country boasted around 3,000 Akhal-Teke horses, of which 500 are owned by the President Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov.
    (AP, 4/24/11)
2011        Apr 24, In Yemen thousands of anti-government protesters held their ground in the capital's Change Square despite the president's acceptance, a day earlier, of an Arab proposal to leave office under certain conditions after 32 years in power.
    (AP, 4/24/11)

2012        Apr 24, Mitt Romney swept five GOP primaries, including Pennsylvania and New York, and solidified his lead in the race to reach the 1,144 delegates necessary to claim the GOP nomination.
    (AP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 24, The US Department of Agriculture reported the country's fourth-ever case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in a California dairy cow, but stressed the outbreak was contained and no contaminated meat had entered the food chain.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 24, In Texas a US federal indictment was unsealed against Mexican drug boss Joaquin Guzman Loera, known as El Chapo. The indictment also named Sinaloa cartel co-leader Zambada Garcia and 22 others.
    (SFC, 4/25/12, p.A8)
2012        Apr 24, At the Museum of Flight in Seattle, Wa., the Planetary Resources firm announced a plan to mine metals from asteroids and bring them back to Earth. The company was founded by peter Diamandis, instigator of the X Prize.
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.81)
2012        Apr 24, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member was killed by an improvised explosive device. Another NATO service member died of non-battle injuries in the east.
    (AP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 24, BTG Pactual, a Brazilian investment bank, raised $3.7 billion reais ($1.9 billion) in an initial public offering (IPO).
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.81)
2012        Apr 24, British police arrested five men on suspicion of terror offences in Luton, in pre-planned raids. The men were arrested "on suspicion of the commission, preparation or instigation of acts of terrorism" in the Bury Park area, which has been home to a large Muslim Pakistani community since the 1970s. On April 30 four men Zahid Iqbal (30), Mohammed Sharfaraz Ahmed (24), Umar Arshad (23), and Syed Hussain (21) were charged with intention to commit acts of terror or assisting others to commit such acts.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)(AFP, 4/30/12)
2012        Apr 24, In London Gianfranco Techegne (49) was arrested at the Broadway Post Office by detectives from Scotland Yard's extradition unit. He has been wanted by Italian police since 1982 in connection with the armed robbery of a car rental agency in Naples during which a young police officer was fatally wounded.
    (AP, 4/28/12)
2012        Apr 24, An Egyptian court upheld a conviction against popular comedian Adel Imam (71) for offending Islam in some of his most popular films. He was sentenced to 3 months in jail and fined around $170. On Sep 12 an appeals court said the lawyer was not personally harmed by the movies and had no standing to sue.
    (SFC, 4/25/12, p.A2)(AP, 9/12/12)
2012        Apr 24, Hundreds of Egyptians noisily protested outside the Saudi Embassy to demand the release of an Egyptian human rights lawyer detained on April 17 in Saudi Arabia for allegedly insulting the kingdom's monarch.
    (AP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, An Indian couple who "married" when aged just one and three had their wedding annulled in Jodhpur in a ground-breaking case that activists hope will challenge the culture of child marriages.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 24, Israel's Supreme Court rejected an appeal by a Palestinian prisoner who has been refusing food for more than seven weeks to protest being held without charge. Hassan Safdi (31) was arrested on June 29, 2011 and has been held without charge under a procedure called administrative detention, which means a prisoner can be held for renewable periods of up to six months.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 24, Israel legalized three unsanctioned West Bank settler outposts and was trying to save another, infuriating the Palestinians as the chief American Mideast envoy was in the region laboring to revive peace efforts.
    (AP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, In Ivory Coast 8 people were killed and ten of homes burned in an attack on the village of Sakre in the restive south-west bordering Liberia. Four attackers were soon arrested, all of them sympathizers of ousted strongman Laurent Gbagbo.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 24, Jordanian authorities detained journalist of Jamal Muhtaseb for publishing online statements alleging misconduct by royal officials. On May 13 Muhtaseb, chief editor of Gerasa News, was released on bail after publishing a report on a graft probe into a $7 billion housing project.
    (AP, 4/24/12)(AFP, 5/13/12)
2012        Apr 24, In Kenya a stone thrown by a rioter killed one protester in the coastal city of Mombasa after police blocked members of an outlawed group from entering a court house. Riot police fired teargas to stop more than 100 members of the Mombasa Republican Council (MRC) from reaching the court to hear a case in which they are challenging the ban on their group. The MRC has repeatedly claimed that the Mombasa region, predominantly Muslim, is not part of Kenya.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, In northern Mali special forces from Burkina Faso swept into rebel-held territory aboard a helicopter and whisked Swiss hostage Beatrice Stockly to safety in a pre-arranged handover by Islamist Ansar Dine rebels.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 24, Moldova's Pres. Nicolae Timofti refused to sign a law that would have meant that foreigners convicted of sexually abusing children in Moldova were chemically castrated. Parliament had approved the law on March 6 after lawmakers said the impoverished nation was attracting pedophiles from the West.
    (AP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, Nigerian lawmakers called for a probe into an alleged $6.8 billion lost since 2009 through a graft-ridden fuel subsidy program.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, In Nigeria gunmen killed five people, including a police officer and a politician, at a bar in Damaturu, Yobe state, in an area previously hit by a bomb blast blamed on Islamists. 5 people, including two children, were killed in Gwa-Rim village by suspected Fulani herdsmen. In Jos a blast killed one person and wounded nine soccer fans.   
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 24, In eastern Pakistan a bomb exploded at the main railway station in Lahore, killing at least two people.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, The Philippines Supreme Court ruled to break up Hacienda Luisita, the estate owned by the family of Pres. Benigno S. Aquino III, parceling out plots to over 6,000 farmers and their families after decades of conflict over the land. The estate was valued at $4.5 million.
    (SFC, 4/25/12, p.A2)(SSFC, 4/29/12, p.A4)
2012        Apr 24, The Philippines said it had brokered a "significant" agreement with Muslim rebels (MILF) on how to end a decades-long insurgency, but warned that major issues still needed to be resolved.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, The Philippines said it was hoping to help secure its energy future by developing a natural gas field in Reed Bank, an area of the South China Sea also claimed by China.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, South Sudan's Pres. Salva Kiir, on a visit to Beijing where he met President Hu Jintao, said his "neighbor in Khartoum has declared war on the Republic of South Sudan." Kiir accused Sudan of declaring war as Khartoum's fighter jets bombed border regions in defiance of international calls for restraint.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, Syrian rebels seeking to topple President Bashar Assad killed three regime officers in separate attacks around Damascus.
    (AP, 4/24/12)
2012        Apr 24, The UN released a report slamming Hungary for the treatment of migrants from violence-ridden countries detained for months without convictions.
    (SFC, 4/25/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 24, A UN mine removal expert said unexploded cluster munitions have been found in northern Sri Lanka, appearing to confirm, for the first time, that the weapons were used in that country's long civil war.
    (AP, 4/26/12)
2012        Apr 24, Venezuela's top security official announced the arrests of five people on charges of money laundering and said that there are suspicions some opposition politicians were involved in the scheme.
    (AP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 24, Vietnamese riot police fired warning shots and tear gas to break up a protest by hundreds of angry farmers against a forced eviction on the outskirts of the capital Hanoi. The area is to be developed by EcoPark, a satellite city being built by a private company, Viet Hung Co. Ltd., which the farmers say was granted some 500 hectares of their land without proper negotiations. Police and security guards beat two state radio reporters who were watching them evict farmers from their land to make way for a massive privately built housing project.
    (AFP, 4/24/12)(AP, 5/8/12)
2012        Apr 24, Yemeni government troops fought their way into the center of Zinjibar, an al-Qaida-held city in the lawless south after a fierce, six-hour battle that ended early today. Dozens were killed and wounded on both sides.
    (AP, 4/24/12)

2013        Apr 24, Robert Shearer (68), a former San Francisco State Univ. official, was charged with 128 felonies for allegedly taking bribes for a waste-disposal contract that ultimately cost the university millions in additional dollars. Stephen Cheung (47) of Chemical Hazardous Material Technology was charged with 118 felonies, including commercial bribery.
    (SFC, 4/25/13, p.A7)
2013        Apr 24, In Illinois Rick O. Smith, the nephew of a small-town mayor, shot and killed 5 people in a Manchester home before he was shot and killed in a chase by police.
    (SFC, 4/25/13, p.A5)
2013        Apr 24, In a new study scientists reported that some bacteria and other microbes from the gut turn lecithin - a nutrient in egg yolks, liver, beef, pork and wheat germ - into an artery-clogging compound called TMAO (trimethylamine-N-oxide). They also found that blood levels of TMAO predict heart attack, stroke or death, and do so "independent of other risk factors."
    (Reuters, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 24, In Afghanistan an insurgent shot and killed an Afghan police officer who was guarding a girls' primary school in Ghazni city. A roadside bomb in Ghazni province hit a convoy of Afghan police cars and trucks carrying supplies south toward Kandahar, killing two policemen.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 24, In Afghanistan 18 people were killed by the earthquake that struck Nangarhar and Kunar provinces.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 24, In Bangladesh the 8-story Rana Plaza building, housing five garment factories, collapsed in the Dhaka suburb of Savar. More than 2,500 people were rescued alive. By May 9 the death toll reached 948. The building was designed in 2004 as a shopping mall and not for any industrial purpose. Three of the floors were built illegally. The final death toll reached 1,129. This was likely the worst garment-factory accident ever. At least 322 people remained missing.
    (Reuters, 4/25/13)(AP, 4/30/13)(AP, 5/1/13)(AP, 5/2/13)(AP, 5/9/13)(Econ, 5/4/13, p.42)(AP, 6/19/13)(AP, 7/5/13)
2013        Apr 24, Britain sought to inject new life into the country's stagnant economy by giving banks greater incentives to lend to small and medium-sized firms which complain they are starved of credit.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 24, The Czech Republic said it plans to donate 4 million koruna (some $200,000) to help the Texas town of West recover from a devastating fertilizer plant explosion. The government decided to the provide aid in solidarity because a significant number of people in the town of 2,700 have Czech roots.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 24, Egypt's Islamist-led parliament pushed ahead with a law that could force into retirement many of the nation's most senior judges, despite an uproar by the judiciary over fears the president's allies want to control the courts.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 24, Wikileaks said it has secured a victory in Iceland’s Supreme Court against the financial blockade imposed by Visa and Master Card on donations for the secret-spilling site.
    (SFC, 4/25/13, p.A2)
2013        Apr 24, In the message to its Iranian retailers, Samsung said that it cannot provide access to the store, known as Samsung Apps, in Iran because of "legal barriers," effective May 22. It apologized to customers in emailed statement. The move was seen as part of international sanctions on the country over its disputed nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 24, In Iraq clashes erupted between the Iraqi army and armed Sunni tribesmen who sealed off two central Iraqi towns, leaving 38 dead. Security forces killed 3 gunmen who attacked a checkpoint in the country's north amid escalating Sunni-Shiite tensions. 10 gunmen and 4 police officers were killed in clashes in Mosul, and 12 policemen were wounded. Police reported fierce clashes in Suleiman Beg with 4 soldiers and 12 others killed, including some gunmen.
    (AP, 4/24/13)(AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 24, Israel's attorney general upheld a practice to allow security personnel to read people's email accounts when they arrive at the airport, arguing it prevents militants from entering the country.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 24, Italy’s Pres. Giorgio Napolitano nominated Enrico Letta, the deputy head of the Democratic Party, as prime minister.
    (SFC, 4/25/13, p.A3)
2013        Apr 24, In northern Lebanon a grenade, left behind from the 2007 fighting in a Palestinian refugee camp exploded and wounded seven schoolchildren.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 24, Lebanon's leading caricaturist Pierre Sadek (76), died. He was famous for his decades of work poking fun at politicians.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 24, In Liberia at least three were killed and more than 10 feared trapped under the rubble of a building that was gutted by fire and came down in the Waterside commercial district of Monrovia.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 24, In Mexico the hacked-up bodies of photojournalist Daniel Martinez Bazaldua (22) and  Julian Zamora (23) were found in the northern city of Saltillo. A hand-lettered message appeared to indicate the Zetas were responsible for the killings.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 24, A Dutch court ordered Hans van Anraat, convicted of selling Saddam Hussein raw materials for mustard gas, to pay compensation to victims of chemical weapon attacks by the late Iraqi dictator's regime. The landmark ruling was largely symbolic for the 16 survivors as the businessman is serving a prison sentence for selling the chemicals and is believed to be destitute.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 24, In northeastern Nigeria at least 7 people were killed in a shootout between soldiers and Islamic extremists in the fishing village of Gashua in Yobe state. Another attack killed four people in Bama.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 24, A Pakistani court rejected bail for ex-military ruler Pervez Musharraf in a case connected to the assassination of former PM Benazir Bhutto in 2007.
    (AP, 4/24/13)
2013        Apr 24, In Syria the minaret of the famed Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo was destroyed. Government and rebel forces blamed each other. Two mortar shells slammed into a Damascus suburb, killing at least seven people and wounding dozens. Government troops captured Otaybah, a strategic town near Damascus, cutting an arms route for rebels trying to topple President Bashar Assad's regime.
    (AP, 4/24/13)(AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 24, Venezuelan authorities arrested Timothy Tracy (35), a filmmaker from California, accusing him of fomenting postelection violence on behalf of the US government. Tracy was formally charged on April 27. Officials accused him of paying right-wing groups to foment postelection unrest on behalf of US intelligence. Tracy was released and returned to the US on June 5.
    (AP, 4/25/13)(AP, 4/27/13)(AP, 6/5/13)

2014        Apr 24, US postal workers in cities large and small rallied against a US Postal service pilot program to open counters in Staples stores.
    (SFC, 4/25/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 24, A US court filing indicated that four major Silicon Valley companies (Adobe, Apple, Google and Intel) have settled a suit over charges that they conspired not to hire one another’s workers.
    (SFC, 4/25/14, p.C5)
2014        Apr 24, In Afghanistan 3 Americans were killed when a security guard opened fire at the Kabul Cure Hospital funded by a US Christian charity. They killed included Dr. Jerry Umanos, health clinic administrator Jon Gabel and his visiting father, Gary. The attacker was captured.
    (Reuters, 4/24/14)(AP, 4/26/14)
2014        Apr 24, Bolivia's army, navy and air force announced the expulsion of 702 enlisted men for sedition, rebellion and attacking the "honor of the Armed Forces." An unprecedented military protest began April 21 with 500 soldiers but expanded to about 1,000 today. Soldiers vowed to keep up protests to demand the option of rising to the rank of officer.
    (AP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 24, In Brazil Paulo Malhaes, a former army colonel who acknowledged he tortured and killed political prisoners during Brazil's 1964-1985 military regime, was suffocated to death by three men who broke into his house and stole two computers and some of the antique guns he collected.
    (AP, 4/26/14)
2014        Apr 24, The British government said Cornish people have been given the same status as Scots, Welsh and Irish — the U.K.'s other Celtic peoples — under EU law protecting national minorities.
    (AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, China passed amendments to the country's environmental protection law that will impose tougher penalties on polluters in the most sweeping revisions to the law in 25 years.
    (Reuters, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, Four French police officers were held in custody on suspicion of raping a 34-year-old Canadian woman at their Paris headquarters. The alleged rape took place overnight April 22-23 at the headquarters of the Paris police station.
    (AFP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 24, In India Mumbai voters were among the 180 million people who were registered to vote in the sixth phase of the mammoth general election, but many were unable to cast ballots when their names were not found on the electoral lists.
    (Reuters, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 24, In Iraq a car bomb exploded at a police checkpoint south of Baghdad, killing 8 people.
    (AFP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, Japanese Economy Minister Akira Amari said that the US and Japan made progress in trade talks but did not reach a final deal.
    (Reuters, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, In Kashmir Indian forces used tear gas and wooden batons to disperse scores of demonstrators who shouted anti-India slogans and threw rocks to protest against voting in national elections in the disputed region. Voter turnout was low.
    (AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, The Marshall Islands filed suit against the US and eight other nuclear-armed nations with an unprecedented lawsuit demanding that they meet their obligations toward disarmament and accusing them of "flagrant violations" of international law. The Marshall Islands claims the nine countries are modernizing their nuclear arsenals instead of negotiating disarmament.
    (AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, In southern Pakistan a bombing killed Shafiq Tanoli, a police officer known for his anti-militant campaigns, and 3 other people in Karachi. Pakistani warplanes carried out airstrikes against insurgents in the Khyber tribal region, killing 37 suspected militants.
    (AP, 4/24/14)(SFC, 4/25/14, p.A2)
2014        Apr 24, Saudi Arabia's health ministry said two more patients who became infected with a Middle East virus related to SARS have died, and that 13 others have contracted the MERS virus. The deaths bring to 83 the number of people who have died in the kingdom since contracting the virus in September 2012.
    (AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, Syrian government airstrikes targeted a vegetable market in a rebel-held town in the northern Aleppo province, killing at least 18 people and wounding scores of others according to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Another activists group, the Syria-based Local Coordination Committees also reported the airstrikes on Atareb, saying that 24 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, A Togo-flagged cargo ship sank off the southern island of Crete. Four crew members were rescued by a merchant vessel, but three remained missing.
    (AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, Ukrainian government troops moved against pro-Russia forces in the east of the country and killed at least two of them in clashes at checkpoints manned by the insurgents. Russian President Vladimir Putin decried what he described as a "punitive operation."
    (AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, A UN panel that settles claims for damages resulting from Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait paid out another $990 million. The Geneva-based commission was established by the UN Security Council in 1991 and is funded by a 5 percent tax on the export of Iraqi oil. It makes payments every three months.
    (AP, 4/24/14)
2014        Apr 24, In Yemen two officers of the US Embassy in Sanaa shot and killed a pair of armed civilians during an attempted abduction of the Americans at a business. Within days of the shooting both Americans left Yemen with the approval of the Yemeni government.
    (AP, 5/10/14)

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