Today in History - April 25

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1214        Apr 25, Louis IX, king of France (1226-1270), was born.
    (HN, 4/25/02)

1284        Apr 25, Edward II, king of England (1307-1327), was born.
    (HN, 4/25/02)

1507        Apr 25, Martin Waldseemuller, a German geographer working at a small college in Eastern France, labeled the New World "America," for the first time in his book "Cosmographiae Introductio," and gave Amerigo Vespucci (d.1512) credit for discovering it. Letters of 1504-1505 had circulated in Florence claimed that Vespucci had discovered the new World. Vespucci was in fact only a passenger or low officer on one of the ships captioned by others. Vespucci was later believed to have been the brother of Simonetta Vespucci, the model for Venus in the Botticelli painting. In 2000 the US Library of Congress planned to acquire the original map for $14 million from the Prince Johannes Waldburg-wolfegg. A $10 million purchase was completed in 2003. In 2009 Toby Lester authored “The Fourth Part of the World: The Race to the Ends of the World, and the Epic Story of the Map That Gave America Its Name."
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, p.T10)(SFC, 10/27/00, p.C14)(WSJ, 7/25/03, p.W19)(AP, 4/25/07)(SSFC, 12/27/09, Books p.E5)

1590        Apr 25, The Sultan of Morocco launched his successful attack to capture Timbuktu. Morocco sent 4,000 soldiers under the Muslim Spaniard Judar Pasha to conquer Songhai. After a five month journey across the Shara, Pasha arrived with only 1,000 men, but his soldiers carried guns. The 25,000 men of the Songhai were no match for the guns and Gao, Timbuktu and most of Songhai fall.
    (ATC, p.122)(HN, 4/25/98)

1599        Apr 25, Oliver Cromwell (d.1658) was born. He was an English military, political and religious leader, and dictator as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth from 1653-1658.
    (CFA, '96, p.44)(AHD, p.315) (HN, 4/25/98)

1644        Apr 25, The Ming Chongzhen emperor committed suicide by hanging himself as Beijing fell to the bandit and rebel leader Li Dzucheng (39). The Qing, or Chi’ing, dynasty of China began when the Manchus invaded from Northeast China and overthrew the 300-year-old Ming Dynasty.
    (WSJ, 9/13/96, p.B8)(HN, 4/25/98)(PCh, 1992, p.239)

1684        Apr 25, A patent was granted for the thimble.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1707        Apr 25, At the Battle of Almansa, Franco-Spanish forces defeated Anglo-Portuguese.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1719        Apr 25, Daniel Defoe's novel "Robinson Crusoe" was published in London. Crusoe was based on the story of Alexander Selkirk (1676-1721), a man who was voluntarily put ashore on a desert island (1704-1709).
    (WSJ, 8/25/98, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robinson_Crusoe)

1781        Apr 25, Gen. Nathanael Greene engaged British forces at Hobkirk’s Hill, South Carolina, and was forced to retreat.
    (ON, 12/01, p.10)

1792        Apr 25, Highwayman Nicolas Jacques Pelletier became the first person under French law to be executed by guillotine.
    (AP, 4/25/97)(HN, 4/25/98)

1825        Apr 25, Charles Ferdinand Dowd was born. He standardized time zones.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1840        Apr 25, Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (1812 Overture), was born. [see May 7]
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1848        Apr 25, A. Graham discovered asteroid #9: Metis.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1854        Apr 25,    The Gadsden Purchase was ratified in the US.
    (HFA, '96, p.28)(AHD, p.537)

1859        Apr 25,    Ground was broken in Egypt for the Suez Canal.
    (AP, 4/25/97)(HN, 4/25/02)

1860        Apr 25, The first Japanese ambassador to the US, Niimi Buzennokami, and his 74-man staff arrived in Washington to present their credentials to Pres. James Buchanan.
    (www.trivia-library.com/b/world-history-1860.htm)

1862        Apr 25, Admiral David Farragut gained control of the Mississippi River at New Orleans, Louisiana. A few days later federal troops occupied the city. This stopped cotton sales by the Confederacy a revenue shortage that led to printed money and hyperinflation. In 2000 Jack D. Coombe published "Gunfire Around the Gulf," which recounts the Southern Civil War naval campaign.
    (WSJ, 1/26/00, p.A20)(WSJ, 11/21/08, p.W6)(www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=1105)

1864        Apr 25, Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas.
    (HN, 4/25/98)
1864        Apr 25, After facing defeat in the Red River Campaign, Union General Nathaniel Bank returned to Alexandria, Louisiana.
    (HN, 4/25/99)

1867        Apr 25, Tokyo was opened for foreign trade.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1873        Apr 25, Howard R. Garis, children's writer, was born.
    (HN, 4/25/01)
1873        Apr 25, Walther de la Mare, poet and novelist (Memoir of a Midget, Come Hither), was born.
    (HN, 4/25/01)

1874        Apr 25, Guglielmo Marconi (d.1937), inventor of the radio, was born. He was an Italian electrical engineer and the developer of wireless telegraphy. He won a Nobel Prize in 1909.
    (HFA, '96, p.28)(AHD, p.798)(HN, 4/25/98)(SS, 4/25/02)

1876        Apr 25, The Chicago White Stockings (later Chicago Cubs) beat Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout) in the 1st NL game. Albert G. Spalding (1850-1915), former pitcher for the Boston Red Stocking, had joined the Chicago White Stockings after helping form the new National League. His move effectively ended the National Association, baseball’s first professional league. Spalding managed the White Stockings from 1876-1877 and continued as a player to 1878.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yb7u9ou)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Spalding)

1882        Apr 25, French commander Henri Riviere seized the citadel of Hanoi. Capt. Henri Reviere was later beheaded after he attempted to seize the coal deposits at Ha long Bay. The outraged French proceeded to colonize Vietnam.
    (HN, 4/25/98)(SFEC, 7/18/99, p.T4)

1883        Apr 25, Elsa Maxwell, writer (Jack Paar Show), was born in Keokuk, Iowa.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1890        Apr 25, J. Palisa discovered asteroids #291 Alice & #292 Ludovica.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1891        Apr 25, Pres. Benjamin Harrison visited SF.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1892        Apr 25, Maud Hart Lovelace, children's author, was born.
    (HN, 4/25/01)

1896        Apr 25, Fight in Central Dance Hall started a fire in Cripple Creek, Colorado.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1896        Apr 25, In Kansas a tornado swept through several counties killing at least 9 people in Clay County. 27 farms were destroyed.
    (SFC, 4/25/09, p.D12)

1898        Apr 25, The United States formally declared war on Spain. The US House passed the declaration 311 to 6.
    (AP, 4/25/97)(HN, 4/25/98)(SSFC, 3/30/03, p.A1)

1900        Apr 25, Wolfgang Pauli, physicist (Nobel 1945), was born in Austria.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1901        Apr 25, Erve Beck hit the 1st home run in the American League.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1901        Apr 25, In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of the greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit).
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1901        Apr 25, New York became the first state to require automobile license plates; the fee was one dollar. The first automobile license plates were issued in Paris, France in 1893. The first American city to require drivers to be licensed and register their vehicle was Boston, but the trend quickly spread.
    (AP, 4/25/98)(HNQ, 7/18/00)

1906        Apr 25, William Joseph Brennan Jr., future Supreme Court Justice (1956-90), was born in Newark, New Jersey.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A8)(AP, 4/25/07)
1906        Apr 25, J.H. Metcalf discovered asteroid #599: Luisa.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1907        Apr 25, Paula Trueman, actress (Gran-Billy), was born in NYC.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1908        Apr 25, Edward R. Murrow, war correspondent and newscaster, was born. He hosted See It Now and Person to Person. During World War II broadcast journalist Edward R. Murrow became known for opening his radio reports from London with the ominous-sounding “This is London." He later turned to television, becoming the host of a celebrity interview show called Person to Person, and was named head of the U.S. Information Agency in 1961.
    (HNQ, 3/29/99)(HN, 4/25/99)

1912        Apr 25, Gladys L. Presley, mother of Elvis Presley, was born.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1913        Apr 25, Earl Bostic, alto sax player (Flamingo, Temptation), was born in Tulsa, OK.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1913        Apr 25, Russ Conway Brandon, actor (Richard Diamond Private Eye), was born in Manitoba.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1914        Apr 25, Ross Lockridge, Jr., novelist (Raintree Country), was born.
    (HN, 4/25/01)

1915        Apr 25, Australian and New Zealand troops landed at Gallipoli in Turkey in hopes of attacking the Central Powers from below. Allied soldiers, ANZAC, invaded the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey in an unsuccessful attempt to take the Ottoman Turkish Empire out of the war. The allies were defeated in one of the deadliest battles of the war.
    (AP, 4/25/97)(SFC, 2/18/98, p.A18)(HN, 4/25/99)

1917        Apr 25, Ella Fitzgerald (d.1996), jazz singer, was born. [see Apr 25, 1918]
    (HN, 4/25/02)

1918        Apr 25, Ella Fitzgerald (d.1996), jazz singer, was born. She became known as the ‘First Lady of Song.’ [see Apr 25, 1917]
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A1)(SFC, 4/26/97, p.A5)
1918        Apr 25, Astrid Varnay, soprano (Met Opera 1941-56), was born in Stockholm, Sweden.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1923        Apr 25, Anita Bjorak, actress (Miss Julie, Loving Couples, Night People), was born.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1923        Apr 25, Melissa Hayden, ballerina (1961 Silver Bowl), was born in Toronto, Canada.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1923        Apr 25, Albert King, blues singer/guitar (Bad Look Blues), was born in Mississippi.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1925        Apr 25, General Paul von Hindenburg took office as president of Germany.
    (HN, 4/25/99)

1926        Apr 25, Puccini's opera Turandot premiered at La Scala in Milan with Arturo Toscanini conducting.
    (HN, 4/25/01)
1926        Apr 25, In Iran (Persia), Reza Kahn was crowned Shah and chose the name "Pehlevi".
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1930        Apr 25, Dotty Mack, actress (Paul Dixon Show), was born in Cincinnati, Ohio.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1930        Apr 25, Paul Mazursky, US writer, director (Moscow on the Hudson), was born.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1932        Apr 25, William Roache, actor (Ken Barlow-Coronation Street), was born in England.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1934        Apr 25, Denny "Scott" Miller, actor (Wagon Train), was born in Bloomington, Ind.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1937        Apr 25, Bo Brundin, actress (Rhinemann Exchange), was born in Stockholm, Sweden.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1937        Apr 25, Clem Sohn (26), air show performer, died when his chute failed to open.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1938        Apr 25, A seeing eye dog was first used.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1940        Apr 25, Al Pacino, actor (And Justice For All, Godfather, Scorpio), was born in NYC.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1945        Apr 25, Stu Cook, rock bassist (Creedence Clearwater Revival-Proud Mary), was born.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1945        Apr 25, Bjorn Ulvaeus, rock vocalist, guitarist (ABBA-Waterloo, Dancing Queen), was born.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1945       Apr 25, Delegates from some 50 countries met in San Francisco to organize the United Nations. Charles Easton Rothwell (d.1987) headed the 500-member group that helped establish the UN Charter.
    (AP, 4/25/97)(SFC, 8/14/04, p.B6)
1945        Apr 25, During World War II, U.S. and Soviet forces linked up at Torgau, on the Elbe River, in central Europe, a meeting that dramatized the collapse of Nazi Germany.
    (AP, 4/25/97)(HN, 4/25/98)
1945        Apr 25, Some 318 British Lancaster bombers dropped 1,232 tons of bombs on Hitler’s alpine redoubt at Obersalzberg near Berchtesgaden.
    (SSFC, 8/6/06, p.G5)
1945        Apr 25, Last B-17 attack against Nazi Germany.
    (HN, 4/25/98)
1945        Apr 25, Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany, made its final transmission.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1946        Apr 25, Talia Shire, actress (Adrienne-Rocky, Godfather), was born in Lake Success, NY.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1946        Apr 25, A train crash at Napierville, Illinois, killed 45-48. The "Exposition Flyer" was rammed.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1949        Apr 25, Michael Brown, keyboardist (Left Bank-Don't Walk Away Renee), was born.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1949        Apr 25, E.L. Johnson discovered asteroid #1922: Zulu.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1950        Apr 25, Steve Ferrone, drummer (Average White Band), was born.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1950        Apr 25, Chuck Cooper became the 1st black to play in the NBA.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1951        Apr 25, After a three day fight in the Battle of Imjim River against Chinese Communist Forces, the Gloucestershire Regiment was annihilated on “Gloucester Hill," in Korea.
    (HN, 4/25/99)(http://britishhistory.about.com)

1952        Apr 25, American Bowling Congress approved use of an automatic pinsetter.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1952        Apr 25, President Juan Peron of Argentina won re-election.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1953        Apr 25, The magazine Nature published an article by biologists Francis Crick and James Watson, describing the "double helix" of DNA.
    (HN, 4/25/01)

1954        Apr 25, Bell Labs in NYC announced the 1st solar battery.
    (SFC, 2/16/04, p.E1)

1955        Apr 25, The 1st cases of polio in children who received a vaccine were reported. It was later found that 2 batches of vaccine made by Cutter Laboratories of Berkeley, Ca., contained live polio virus.
    (SFC, 4/25/05, p.A1)

1956        Apr 25, Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel" goes number one. [see Apr 21]
    (HN, 4/25/98)(SFC, 1/20/98, p.A9)
1956        Apr 25, John W. Powell (1919-2008), former editor of the China Weekly Review, was indicted by a federal grand jury in San Francisco on charges of sedition. Powell had published articles about alleged military use of germ warfare during the Korean War. A 5-day trial in 1959 ended in a mistrial and the judge said the charge should been treason. A charge of treason was dismissed 6 months later. All government charges were dropped in 1961.
    (SSFC, 12/21/08, p.B6)

1957        Apr 25, The 1st experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1959        Apr 25, St. Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opened to shipping.
    (AP, 4/25/97)(HN, 4/25/98)

1960        Apr 25, First submerged circumnavigation of the Earth was completed by a Triton submarine. In 1962 Edward Latimer “Ned" Beach (b.19180, Navy captain authored “Around the World Submerged."
    (HN, 4/25/98)(SFC, 12/2/02, p.A19)
1960        Apr 25, Hope Emerson (62), actress (I Married Joan, Peter Gunn), died.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1961        Apr 25, SF Giants baseball games began to appear on TV.
    (SSFC, 4/24/11, DB p.46)
1961        Apr 25, Robert Noyce patented the integrated circuit.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1961        Apr 25, Mercury-Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin. An unmanned Mercury test exploded on launch pad.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1961        Apr 25, France exposed soldiers to a nuclear test, code-named "Gerboise verte" or green gerboa, in the Sahara Desert. In 2010 a French news report, citing a classified defense document, said the exposure was intentional to study how the atomic bomb would affect their bodies and minds. In total, France conducted 210 nuclear tests, both in the atmosphere and underground, in the Sahara Desert and the South Pacific from 1960-1996.
    (AP, 2/17/10)

1962        Apr 25,    Operation Dominic began with a test blast on Christmas Island. The operation was a series of 105 nuclear test explosions conducted in 1962 and 1963 by the United States. Those conducted in the Pacific are sometimes called Dominic I. The blasts in Nevada are known as Dominic II.
    (www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Operation_Dominic_I_and_II)
1962        Apr 25, U.S. Ranger spacecraft crash landed on the Moon.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1967        Apr 25, Britain granted internal self-government to Swaziland. The new Swaziland flag included a black and white shield to depict racial harmony.
    (http://flagspot.net/flags/sz.html)(SSFC, 4/22/12, p.H3)

1971        Apr 25, US canal rights in Nicaragua and rights to Nicaragua’s Corn Islands expired.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corn_Islands)

1972        Apr 25, Hans-Werner Grosse (b.1922), German glider pilot, glided 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans-Werner_Grosse)
1972        Apr 25, George Sanders (b.1906), Russia-born English actor, died of suicide. He received an Academy Award as Best Supporting actor for his role in “All About Eve" (1950).
    (www.filmreference.com/Actors-and-Actresses-Ro-Sc/Sanders-George.html)

1974        Apr 25, Marshal Antonio de Spinola (1910-1996) was called to the barricades in Portugal to receive the surrender of the 41-year old regime of Antonio Salazar. Spinola was then named head of state by the 7-member military junta, which included Gen. Costa Gomes. The Carnation Revolution changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC (Processo Revolucionário Em Curso), characterized by social turmoil and power dispute between left and right wing political forces.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnation_Revolution)(SFC, 8/12/99, p.D6)(SFC, 8/4/01, p.E2)

1975        Apr 25, The 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service began between Hong Kong and Macao.
    (SS, 4/25/02)(http://pdf.aiaa.org/preview/1979/PV1979_2017.pdf)
1975        Apr 25, In Vietnam former Foreign Minister Vu Van Mau (d.1998 at 84) was named prime minister.
    (SFC, 9/12/98, p.C3)

1978        Apr 25, William Clinton (31), attorney general of Arkansas and candidate for governor, sexually assaulted Juanita Broaddrick at the Camelot Inn in Little Rock. Broaddrick made the story public on national TV in 1999.
    (SFC, 2/19/99, p.A1,10)(SFC, 2/25/99, p.A2)
1978        Apr 25, The US Supreme Court ruled pension plans can't require women to pay more.
    (http://supreme.justia.com/us/435/702/)

1979        Apr 25, N. Chernykh, Soviet-Russian, discovered asteroids #2656: Evenkia & #3653.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolai_Stepanovich_Chernykh)

1980        Apr 25, President Jimmy Carter announced the hostage rescue disaster in Iran.
    (HN, 4/25/98)

1982        Apr 25, In accordance with Camp David agreements, Israel completed the Sinai withdrawal. Ariel Sharon, as defense minister, directed the dismantling of Israeli settlements in the Sinai Peninsula. Nearly 5,000 residents and many more sympathizers were dragged off roofs and bundled onto buses.
    (HN, 4/25/98)(AP, 2/21/04)
1982        Apr 25, E. Bowell discovered asteroids #2688: Halley, #3275: Oberndorfer & #3692.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_asteroids/2601%E2%80%932700)
1982        Apr 25, Don Wilson (b.1900), TV announcer (Jack Benny Show), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Don_Wilson_(announcer))

1983        Apr 25, "Nightline" expanded from a 1/2 hour to a full hour. The new format proved to be unsuccessful, and after a few months, the old program was restored.
    (SS, 4/25/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nightline)
1983        Apr 25, Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov invited Samantha Smith to visit his country after receiving a letter in which the Manchester, Maine, schoolgirl expressed fears about nuclear war.
    (AP, 4/25/97)
1983        Apr 25, The Pioneer 10 spacecraft crossed Pluto's orbit, speeding on its endless voyage through the Milky Way.
    (AP, 4/25/97)

1984        Apr 25, Richard Benedict (64), actor, died of a heart attack.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1985        Apr 25, Richard Haydn (b.1905), British actor, died of a heart attack in Los Angeles.
    (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0370821/)
1985        Apr 25, Murray Matheson (72), actor (Felix-Banacek), died.
    (SS, 4/25/02)

1986        Apr 25, In Swaziland King Mswati III was crowned. He succeeded his father Sobhuza II as ruler of the southern African kingdom.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mswati_III_of_Swaziland)

1987        Apr 25, Thousands of people gathered in Washington for three days of protests against U.S. foreign policy, particularly toward Central America and South Africa.
    (AP, 4/25/97)

1988        Apr 25, "Nightline" went on location to Jerusalem, Israel.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1988        Apr 25, NASA launched space vehicle S-211.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1988        Apr 25, To the cheers of spectators, a judge in Jerusalem sentenced John Demjanjuk to death after the retired Ohio autoworker was convicted of being "Ivan the Terrible," a Nazi death camp guard who had killed tens of thousands of people. Demjanjuk's conviction was later overturned.
    (AP, 4/25/98)

1989        Apr 25, Japanese Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita announced his resignation in order to take responsibility for his involvement in Japan's Recruit stock scandal.
    (AP, 4/25/99)

1990        Apr 25, In the 25th Academy of Country Music Awards Clint Black and Kathy Mattea won.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1990        Apr 25, The Hubble Space Telescope was deployed from the space shuttle "Discovery."
    (AP, 4/25/00)
1990        Apr 25, Dexter Gordon (67), jazz saxophonist, died in Philadelphia.
    (SS, 4/25/02)
1990        Apr 25, Violeta Barrios de Chamorro was inaugurated as president of Nicaragua for a six year term, ending 11 years of leftist Sandinista rule.
    (AP, 4/25/97)(HN, 4/25/98)

1991        Apr 25, "Secret Garden" opened at St. James Theater in NYC for 709 performances.
    (http://www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4640)
1991        Apr 25, The US White House threatened to "take whatever steps are necessary" should Iraq fail to meet a deadline for withdrawing its security forces from the refugee zone in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 4/25/01)
1991        Apr 25, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, facing harsh criticism during a closed-door meeting of the Communist Party’s Central Committee, offered to resign as party leader, an offer that was rejected.
    (AP, 4/25/01)

1992        Apr 25, The Ms. Foundation began its “Take Our Daughters to Work Day."
    (SFC, 4/24/02, p.A1)
1992        Apr 25, Islamic forces in Afghanistan took control of most of the capital of Kabul following the collapse of the Communist government.
    (AP, 4/25/97)
1992        Apr 25, An earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale shook northern California.
    (AP, 4/25/97)

1993        Apr 25, Hundreds of thousands of gay rights activists and their supporters marched in Washington, D.C., demanding equal rights and freedom from discrimination.
    (AP, 4/25/98)
1993        Apr 25, Voters in Russia participated in a referendum, giving President Boris N. Yeltsin a sturdy vote of confidence.
    (AP, 4/25/98)   

1994        Apr 25, Conservative Tsutomu Hata, former foreign minister, became prime minister of Japan, succeeding Morihiro Hosokawa as political infighting continued.
    (Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 217)(AP, 4/25/99)
1994        Apr 25, Two Catholic Hutu Sisters in Rwanda ordered frightened Tutsis out of their Benedictine compound into the hands of Hutu soldiers. In 1997 Sisters Gertrude (Consolata Mukangango) and Sister Maria Kisito (Juliene Makubutera), having escaped to Belgium, were accused by witnesses of aiding Hutu soldiers who slaughtered some 600 Tutsis. In 2001 Sister Gertrude and Maria Kisito were convicted. Gertrude was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Kisito was sentenced to 12 years. Two others were also convicted and sentenced. Alphonse Higaniro was sentenced to 20 years and Vincent Ntezimana was jailed for 12 years.
    (SFC, 4/18/97, p.A15)(SFC, 4/18/01, p.A12)(SFC, 6/8/01, p.A17)(SFC, 6/9/01, p.A5)
1994        Apr 25, In Rwanda Colonel Ephrem Setako ordered the killings of 30 to 40 Tutsis at Mukamira military camp in Ruhengeri prefecture. In 2010 Setako was convicted of crimes against humanity and murder.
    (Reuters, 2/25/10)
1994        Apr 25, Terrorist bombers struck twice on the eve of South Africa's first all-race election, killing about a dozen people. Car bombs near voting stations killed 20 people. Afrikaner Nationalists led by Eugene Terre’Blanche (TerreBlanche) were responsible. In 1997 Clifton Barnard and Abraham Myburgh were sentenced to 50 years in prison for the bomb blasts that killed 21 people. [see 12/24/96]
    (SFC, 12/25/96, p.A10)(SFC, 6/18/97, p.A10)(SFC,10/24/97, p.D6)(AP, 4/25/99)

1995        Apr 25, Ginger Rogers, show business legend died in Rancho Mirage, Calif., at age 83.
    (AP, 4/25/00)

1996        Apr 25, US Sec. of State Warren Christopher helped produce a cease-fire between Israel and the Hezbollah guerillas in Lebanon. In the “April Understanding" Israel, Lebanon, France, Syria and the US agreed that Lebanese and Israeli civilians would not be targeted in Hezbollah’s drive to end Israel’s occupation.
    (WSJ, 5/6/96, p.A-13)(SFC, 7/31/06, p.A7)
1996        Apr 25, Ford Motor Co. announced a recall of about 8 million cars, minivans and pickups because of an ignition switch fire hazard.
    (AP, 4/25/97)
1996        Apr 25, Top Chechen officials confirmed that their leader, Dzhokar Dudayev, was killed in a Russian air strike. He was succeeded Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev.
    (WSJ, 4/25/96, p.A-1)(USAT, 9/2/04, p.13A)
1996        Apr 25, In Pakistan the Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI - Movement for Justice) party was founded by Imran Khan.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan_Tehreek-e-Insaf)
1996        Apr 25, A day after the PLO annulled clauses calling for Israel's destruction, the governing Labor Party abandoned its long-standing opposition to a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 4/25/97)
1996        Apr 25, Princess Nonhlanhla Zulu disappeared during a gang attack on a royal residence in KwaMashu black township near Durban, South Africa.
    (SFC, 4/28/96, A-13)

1997        Apr 25, The Clinton administration extended the area over which the northwest coast silvery Coho salmon is considered a “threatened" species.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A1)
1997        Apr 25, The prosecution began calling witnesses in Timothy McVeigh's Oklahoma City bombing trial.
    (AP, 4/25/98)
1997        Apr 25, In the US a federal judge ruled that cigarettes are drug delivery systems and that the FDA has the right to regulate cigarettes and other tobacco products -- but said it couldn't restrict cigarette advertising.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A1)(AP, 4/25/98)
1997        Apr 25, In Algeria a bomb killed some 21 passengers and injured 20 near Algiers.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A12)
1997        Apr 25, Angola was supporting Kabila’s rebels. The government of Zaire claimed that Angolan troops had invaded near Cabinda.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A10)
1997        cApr 25, In China police opened fire on a crowd in Xinjiang province and killed 2 people. Protestors had tried to block the execution of 3 people convicted during the February unrest.
    (WSJ, 4/29/97, p.A1)
1997        Apr 25, In England the IRA set off explosions near the M6 highway and caused chaos in Britain’s morning commute.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A10)
1997        Apr 25, In Indonesia some 5,000 demonstrators protested wage policies at the Nike shoe factory. They said Nike was not paying a $2.50 per day minimum wage. A 10.7% wage increase was negotiated the next day.
    (SFEC, 4/27/97, p.T7)
1997        Apr 25, In Israel soldiers found the bodies of 2 teenage girls stabbed to death in the Wadi Kelt ravine near Jerusalem.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A12)
1997        Apr 25, In the Philippines a fire at the New Imperial Hotel in Cotabato City killed at least 24 people and scores were injured.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A12)
1997        Apr 25, Russia refused to sign the chemical arms ban. They claimed insufficient funds to destroy the 40,000 tons of stored chemical weapons. The Duma did pledge intent to endorse the accord later this year.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.A10)

1998        Apr 25, Whitewater prosecutors questioned first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton on videotape about her work as a private lawyer for the failed savings and loan at the center of the investigation.
    (AP, 4/25/99)
1998        Apr 25, In Arkansas two little girls, Sidney Pippin (4-months old) and Vicky Fraley, died of heat exhaustion after they were left in a car for 8 hours in Little Rock. Police charged Ricky Leon Crisp (23), the father of Vicky (16-months old), and Justin Griffith (27) with first-degree murder.
    (SFC, 4/28/98, p.A3)
1998        Apr 25, In Texas three teenagers were found shot to death in Brownsville.
    (SFC, 4/27/98, p.A5)
1998        Apr 25, In Millbrae, Ca., motorcycle Patrolman David Chetcuti (43) was shot and killed by Marvin Patrick Sullivan (43) during a routine traffic stop. Sullivan, a paranoid schizophrenic, was found to be carrying a cache of pipe bombs and rifles. Sullivan was later found to be incompetent to stand trial.
    (SFEC, 4/26/98, p.A1)(SFC, 7/23/02, p.A1)
1998        Apr 25, In July a Pakistani defector claimed that the military leadership of Pakistan decided to launch a pre-emptive nuclear attack on New Delhi within 48 hours of this day. Dr. Iftikhar Khan Chaudry also claimed that Pakistan had already armed and deployed nuclear warheads at 2 sites along the Indian border. Chaudry (29) was described as a low-level engineer with no access to military planning data. Pakistani news media later said Chaudry was a low-level accountant at a bathroom fixtures company until Nov 1997, when he resigned. He was later identified as a fraud with no more than a high school education.
    (SFC, 7/2/98, p.A15)(WSJ, 7/2/98, p.A1)(SFC, 7/3/98, p.D2)(SFC, 7/7/98, p.A9)
1998        Apr 25, In Spain a wall of acidic toxic liquid, 5 million cubic meters, broke free from an Aznalcollar mine waste lagoon near Seville and threatened the 300-sq. ml. Donana National Park. The tainted water was diverted to the Guadalquivir River and then to the Gulf of Cadiz. 13,300 acres of cropland were expected to be left barren for 25 years due to the spill.
    (WSJ, 4/27/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/28/98, p.A13)(SFC, 4/29/98, p.A10)

1999        Apr 25, On the third and final day of their Washington summit, NATO leaders promised military protection and economic aid to Yugoslavia's neighbors for standing with the West against Slobodan Milosevic. Pres. Yeltsin called Pres. Clinton to search for a solution to Kosovo.
    (SFC, 4/26/99, p.A1)(AP, 4/25/00)
1999        Apr 25, More than 70,000 mourners gathered in Littleton, Colo., to remember the victims of the Columbine High School massacre.
    (AP, 4/25/00)
1999        Apr 25, Lord Killanin, former president of the International Olympic Committee, died in Dublin, Ireland, at age 84.
    (AP, 4/25/00)
1999        Apr 25, NATO airstrikes in Yugoslavia destroyed the last bridge in Novi Sad along with other targets in northern and central Serbia. The KLA staged a new conference in Kukes and pleaded anew for a battlefield alliance with NATO.
    (SFC, 4/26/99, p.A12)
1999        Apr 25, In Angola UNITA rebels claimed to control 70% of the country.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.D8)
1999        Apr 25, In China some 10,000 people protested in Beijing on behalf of the right to practice Falun Dafa (law wheel great way), a brand of meditation and exercise. Adherents to the practice, founded by Li Hongzhi, was estimated at 70-100 million.
    (SFC, 4/26/99, p.A13)(WSJ, 4/26/99, A1,6)
1999        Apr 25, Pro-Indonesian militias were reported to have killed over 150 people in East Timor.
    (WSJ, 4/26/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 25, In Iraq US warplanes struck air defense sites in the northern no fly zone after being threatened by radar.
    (SFC, 4/26/99, p.A14)
1999        Apr 25, In Uganda police reported that a bomb killed 5 people and injured 15 in a poor neighborhood of Kampala.
    (WSJ, 4/26/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 25, In Venezuela voters overwhelmingly endorsed the formation of an assembly to rewrite the constitution. The abstention rate was 60%.
    (SFC, 4/26/99, p.A13)

2000        Apr 25, The Ohio state motto, “with God, all things are possible," was declared unconstitutional by a federal appeals court.
    (SFC, 4/26/00, p.B8)
2000        Apr 25, In Vermont the Legislature approved civil unions for homosexuals and Gov. Howard Dean promised to sign the legislation effective July 1.
    (SFC, 4/26/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 25, Broadway producer David Merrick died in London at age 88.
    (AP, 4/25/01)
2000        Apr 25, In Burundi 66 people were reported killed in renewed fighting between Hutu rebels and government troops.
    (SFC, 4/26/00, p.A16)
2000        Apr 25, In India it was reported that some 50 million people faced severe drought in Rajasthan and Gujarat.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A12)
2000        Apr 25, In Serbia Zika Petrovic (62), head of the Yugoslav Airlines and ally of Pres. Milosevic, was shot to death near his home in Belgrade.
    (SFC, 4/26/00, p.A16)
2000        Apr 25, In southwestern Somalia nearly 400 people in famine-ridden villages were reported dead from cholera over the last 2 weeks.
    (SFC, 4/25/00, p.A14)
2000        Apr 25, In Turkey Prime Minister Ecevit rallied opposition parties behind Ahmet Necdet Sezer, chief justice of the top court and candidate for the presidency. Sezer needed 367 of 550 parliamentary votes.
    (SFC, 4/26/00, p.A14)

2001        Apr 25, In unusually blunt terms, President Bush warned China that an attack on Taiwan could provoke a U.S. military response.
    (AP, 4/25/02)
2001        Apr 25, US federal regulators voted for a “mitigation" plan and ordered limited price controls to tame wholesale electricity prices in California.
    (SFC, 4/26/01, p.A1)(AP, 4/25/02)
2001        Apr 25, A rescue plane flew out of the South Pole with ailing American doctor Ronald S. Shemenski in the most daring airlift ever from the pole.
    (AP, 4/25/02)
2001        Apr 25, In Gaza an explosion killed 4 Palestinian police.
    (SFC, 4/26/01, p.A14)
2001        Apr 25, Ousted Philippine President Joseph Estrada became the country's first leader to be arrested for alleged corruption in office. Estrada was jailed on 8 charges.
    (SFC, 4/26/01, p.A12)(AP, 4/25/02)
2001        Apr 25, In Sri Lanka soldiers attacked rebel positions and 32 were killed with 180 wounded. Rebels lost 75 fighters with 300 wounded.
    (SFC, 4/26/01, p.A14)

2002        Apr 25, Pres. Bush met with Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah, who told him bluntly that the US must temper its support of Israel. Abdullah gave Bush an 8-point proposal for Middle East peace.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 25, The US House voted 405-9 to abolish the embattled Immigration and Naturalization Service.
    (AP, 4/25/03)
2002        Apr 25, In NYC dozens were injured in an explosion at a building on W. 19th St. Industrial chemicals were suspected.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A3)
2002        Apr 25, Lisa “Left Eye" Lopes (30), top female singer in the trio TLC, was killed in a car crash in Honduras. Her albums included “Crazysexycool" (1994).
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A2)(NW, 5/6/02, p.8)
2002        Apr 25, An earthquake in Tbilisi, Georgia, killed at least 3 people.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A15)
2002        Apr 25, In Liberia police shut down the independent Analyst newspaper and arrested Tiawan Gongloe, a leading human rights lawyer.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A15)
2002        Apr 25, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at a Shiite mosque in Bukker, Punjab, and 12 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A14)
2002        Apr 25, A Palestinian military filed court sentenced 4 Arafat followers to prison terms for their roles in the 2001 slaying of Israeli minister Rehavan Zeevi. Israel called the trial a sham.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A20)
2002        Apr 25, Russia reported that Khattab, an Arab guerrilla, had been killed in Chechnya on Mar 19-20.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A14)(SFC, 4/27/02, p.A10)
2002        Apr 25, A Russian rocket blasted into orbit with Mark Shuttleworth (28) of South Africa, who paid $20 million for the trip to the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 4/26/02, p.A15)
2002        Apr 25, Former Yugoslav Gen. Dragoljub Ojdanic (60) surrendered to the war crimes tribunal. He pleaded not guilty the next day for the murder and forced removal of ethnic Albanians in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 4/27/02, p.A11)

2003        Apr 25, The Pentagon announced that Army Secretary Thomas White, whose tenure as civilian chief of the military's largest service was marked by tensions with his boss, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, was leaving office.
    (AP, 4/25/04)
2003        Apr 25, Georgia lawmakers voted to scrap the Dixie cross from the state's flag.
    (AP, 4/25/04)
2003        Apr 25, Nuclear talks in Beijing ended after U.S. officials said North Korea claimed to have nuclear weapons and might test, export or use them.
    (AP, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 25, Beijing reported 180 new SARS infections and 5 deaths. Some 2,000 people at the People's and Ditan Hospitals were quarantined.
    (SFC, 4/26/03, A3)
2003        Apr 25, Farouk Hijazi, who once helped run Saddam Hussein's intelligence service and was linked to al-Qaida, was delivered by Syria to US forces.
    (AP, 4/25/03)(SFC, 4/26/03, A1)
2003        Apr 25, Fighters from Sierra Leone and Liberia killed rebel leader Sgt. Felix Doh near the town of Gbinta, in western Ivory Coast.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 25, In the northern state of Kashmir a powerful explosion ripped through a courthouse, killing three people and injuring 34.
    (AP, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 25, A Pakistani army helicopter crashed into a mountain in northern Pakistan, killing all 13 military personnel on board.
    (AP, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 25, The Philippines reported its first deaths from SARS; Taiwan authorities quarantined over 1,100 doctors, nurses and patients in a hospital and Asian health chiefs met on ways to tackle the deadly flu-like disease.
    (Reuters, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 25, In South Africa Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, the fiery anti-apartheid leader and ex-wife of former President Nelson Mandela, was sentenced to four years in prison for her conviction on fraud and theft charges.
    (AP, 4/25/03)
2003        Apr 25, UN agencies reported that malaria kills 3,000 children a day in Africa and robs the continent of millions of dollars in lost productivity, even though the disease could be controlled with nets costing $5 and other simple measures.
    (AP, 4/25/03)

2004        Apr 25, In Washington DC tens of thousands of women gathered for an abortion-rights rally as Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton told several hundred of them the issue is about women gaining full equality.
    (AP, 4/25/04)(SFC, 4/26/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 25, The IMF ended 2 days of talks in Washington DC and finance leaders agreed on the need to continue canceling the debts of poor countries and to provide more aid in the form of grants.
    (SFC, 4/26/04, p.A7)
2004        Apr 25, Thom Gunn (b.1929), British-born poet, died in SF at age 74. His 1st book, titled "Fighting Terms" (1954), was recognized as part of the British group called "The Movement." He moved from England to America in 1954 to live with his male lover and explore the California culture.
    (SFC, 4/28/04, p.B7)(Econ, 5/8/04, p.83)
2004        Apr 25, Estee Lauder (b.1906), cosmetics pioneer whose pots of potions and tubs of moisturizers have turned the clock back for millions of faces across the globe, died in NYC.
    (AP, 4/26/04)
2004        Apr 25, In Austria Heinz Fischer, the candidate of the opposition Social Democrats, defeated Foreign Minister Benita Ferrero-Waldner, a conservative rival backed by right-wing populist Joerg Haider in a presidential election.
    (AP, 4/25/04)
2004        Apr 25, Clashes between Congolese troops and Rwandan insurgents in eastern Congo killed at least 61 people over the weekend.
    (AP, 4/26/04)
2004        Apr 25, A roadside bomb exploded by a U.S. patrol in Baghdad, killing a U.S. soldier and sparking a gunbattle.
    (AP, 4/25/04)
2004        Apr 25, In Indonesia's Maluku islands Muslim and Christian gangs fought running battles, leaving at least 10 people dead, including two youths who were hacked to death by sword-wielding men.
    (AP, 4/25/04)
2004        Apr 25, Pope John Paul II added six more people to the ranks of Catholics on the path to possible sainthood. Honored were: August Czartoryski (1858-1893) of Poland, a prince who became a Salesian priest; Laura Montoya (1874-1949) of Colombia, who founded the Congregation of the Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Mary; Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala (1878-1963) of Mexico, co-founder of the Congregation of the Servants of Saint Margaret Mary and the Poor; Nemesia Valle (1847-1916) of Italy, a nun of the Congregation of the Sisters of Charity of Saint Giovanna Antida Thouret; Eusebia Palomino Yenes (1899-1935) of Spain; a nun of the Institute of the Daughters of Mary, Help of Christians; and da Costa (1904-1955), who became a lay Salesian cooperator.
    (AP, 4/25/04)

2005        Apr 25, President Bush sought relief from record-high gas prices and support for Middle East peace as he opened his Texas ranch to Crown Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 4/25/05)
2005        Apr 25, The CIA's top weapons hunter in Iraq, Charles Duelfer, said his search for weapons of mass destruction had been "exhausted" without finding any.
    (AP, 4/25/06)
2005        Apr 25, Mayor Dick Murphy (62) of San Diego announced his resignation effective July 15 under the weight of mounting scandals and fiscal probes. San Diego faced a $50 million budget deficit and a $1.3 billion pension shortfall.
    (SFC, 4/26/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/26/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 25, Bashir Noorzai (44), alleged Afghan heroin dealer, was arrested while traveling to NY.
    (SFC, 4/26/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 25, In Chicago 11 reputed mob figures were indicted on charges of plotting at least 18 murders including the 1986 hit on Tony Spilotro.
    (SFC, 4/26/05, p.A5)
2005        Apr 25, It was reported that Didemnum, a species of sea squirt, were spreading unabated off New England and the Pacific Northwest to the detriment of valuable shellfish beds and habitat for bottom feeding fish.
    (SFC, 4/25/05, p.A6)
2005        Apr 25, A 3-man U.S.-Russian-Italian crew from the Int’l. Space Station landed in northern Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 4/25/05, p.A3)(AP, 4/25/06)
2005        Apr 25, Alex Trotman (71), retired Ford Motor Co. Chairman (1993-1998), died at his home in England. He spearheaded a $5 billion restructuring to restore the automaker to profitability in the 1990s.
    (AP, 4/25/05)(Econ, 4/30/05, p.63)
2005        Apr 25, Jiri Paroubek (52) was officially named as the new Czech prime minister. Paroubek, local development minister in Gross's government and deputy chairman of the Social Democrats (CSSD), became the country's third prime minister in nine months.
    (AFP, 4/25/05)
2005        Apr 25, The 3rd and final piece of the Axum obelisk was returned to Ethiopia from Italy.
    (AP, 4/25/05)
2005        Apr 25, EU trade ministers backed a full investigation into allegations that cheap textiles and clothing from China were flooding the EU market, but disagreed on imposing fast action to block imports.
    (AP, 4/25/05)
2005        Apr 25, In San Pedro Sacatepequez, Guatemala, gunmen killed Jose Victor Bautista Orozco, a judge who ruled on drug smuggling cases, shooting him as he left his home for work.
    (AP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 25, Indian troops killed 6 Islamic militants in a mountainous Kashmir district bordering the Pakistani-zone of the divided state, while suspected rebels hanged to death a civilian.
    (AFP, 4/26/05)
2005        Apr 25, A packed commuter train that was behind schedule and may have been speeding jumped the tracks and hurtled into an apartment complex, killing 107 people and injuring 450 in Japan's worst rail accident in 40 years.
    (AP, 5/1/05)
2005        Apr 25, Pakistan said the start of a free trade agreement with Sri Lanka in June is expected to double business between the 2 countries to almost 300 million dollars in the first year.
    (AP, 4/25/05)

2006        Apr 25, President Bush ordered a temporary suspension of environmental rules for gasoline, making it easier for refiners to meet demand and possibly dampen prices at the pump. He also halted for the summer the purchase of crude oil for the government's emergency reserve.
    (AP, 4/25/06)
2006        Apr 25, US Deputy Undersecretary of Defense Richard Lawless estimated that Tokyo will pay some $26 billion for the realignment of the US military in Japan. The number shocked Japanese officials.
    (AP, 4/27/06)(Econ, 5/13/06, p.26)
2006        Apr 25, California legislators demanded that UC reveal details of extra pay and perks to dozens of top executives following an audit that found 91 exceptions to policy and procedures over the past decade. In Feb. Pres. Dynes had appeared before the state Senate Education Committee to apologize for the compensation scandal.
    (SFC, 4/26/06, p.B1)(SFC, 8/14/07, p.A4)
2006        Apr 25, Hamid Hayat (23) of Lodi, Ca., was convicted by a federal jury of providing material support to terrorists as a result of his training in a terrorist camp in Pakistan (2003-2005). His father’s case ended in a mistrial. In 2014 lawyers appealed the conviction and 24-year sentence saying Hayat’s lawyer was inexperienced and that the camp in Pakistan has already been dismantled before he supposedly attended it.
    (SFC, 4/26/06, p.A1)(SFC, 5/2/14, p.D1)
2006        Apr 25, Charles Clarke, Britain’s Home Secretary, said that since 1999 Britain had freed 1,023 foreign prisoners, including murderers, rapists and pedophiles, who should have been considered for deportation at the time of their release.
    (Reuters, 4/25/06)(Econ, 4/29/06, p.59)
2006        Apr 25, The fox population in London was reported to be an estimated 10,000.
    (WSJ, 4/26/06, p.A1)
2006        Apr 25, Canada’s central bank raised its overnight interest rate a 6th straight time, a quarter point to 4%.
    (WSJ, 4/26/06, p.A8)
2006        Apr 25, Jane Jacobs (89), American-born Canadian writer and activist, died. Her books included “The Death and Life of Great American Cities" (1961).
    (WSJ, 4/26/06, p.A1)(Econ, 5/13/06, p.97)
2006        Apr 25, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader, said that the country is ready to transfer its nuclear technology to other countries. Tehran threatened to halt all cooperation with the UN atomic energy agency if the UN Security Council imposes sanctions, warning that it might hide its nuclear program if the West takes any other "harsh measures."
    (AP, 4/25/06)
2006        Apr 25, In a rare video posted on the Internet, al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi swore allegiance to Osama bin Laden and said any government formed in Iraq would be merely a "stooge." A bomb hidden in a minibus exploded near the offices of anti-American cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in eastern Baghdad, killing two Iraqi civilians and wounding three.
    (AP, 4/25/06)(AP, 4/25/07)
2006        Apr 25, In Nepal tens of thousands of people celebrated in the streets and weeks of pro-democracy protests were called off after the king gave in to a key demand to reinstate parliament. Girija Prasad Koirala began his 4th term as prime minister. He succeeded Sher Bahadur Deuba.   
    (AP, 4/25/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girija_Prasad_Koirala)
2006        Apr 25, Pakistani attack helicopters pounded suspected Islamic militant hideouts near the Afghan border as clashes killed three militants and two soldiers. In northwestern Pakistan the body of Khan Mati, a taxi driver missing since April 17, was found. Suspected Islamic militants decapitated him over suspicions he was a US spy and a frequent visitor to an American military base in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/25/06)(AP, 4/26/06)
2006        Apr 25, In Puerto Rico Gov. Acevedo Vila warned in a televised address that "Beginning next Monday, May 1, the majority of agencies of the central government will not be able to operate." Puerto Rico's House of Representatives wants to impose a 4 percent sales tax instead and has refused to review the governor's plan. The island now has no sales tax.
    (AP, 4/26/06)
2006        Apr 25, Russia launched a satellite for Israel that the Israelis say will be used to spy on Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/25/06)
2006        Apr 25, A pregnant suicide bomber blew herself up in front of a car carrying Sri Lanka's highest-ranking general, killing 8 people and badly injuring the top officer.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 25, The UN Security Council imposed sanctions on four men accused of atrocities in Sudan's Darfur region, the first time it has moved to punish those responsible for three years of conflict that has left 180,000 dead.
    (AP, 4/25/06)

2007        Apr 25, Brushing off a presidential veto threat, the House passed, 218-208, a $124.2 billion supplemental spending bill ordering US troops to begin coming home from Iraq in the fall of 2007.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2007        Apr 25, US federal authorities arrested John P. Tomkins (42) of Dubuque, Iowa, a man suspected of mailing dud pipe bombs to financial companies in Chicago and Kansas City, Mo., and threatening letters that were signed "The Bishop."
    (AP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 25, Rosie O'Donnell announced she was leaving the ABC talk show "The View" in June.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2007        Apr 25, The DJIA closed above 13,000 for the first time rising 135.95 to a record 13,089.89. Nasdaq rose 23.35 to 2,547.
    (SFC, 4/26/07, p.C1)
2007        Apr 25, Negotiators reached a tentative settlement in the 10-day school strike in Hayward, Ca.
    (SFC, 4/26/07, p.B3)
2007        Apr 25, UCSF biochemist Joe DeRisi said he found genes of the single-celled, spore producing parasite Nosema ceranae in dead bees. Researchers in Spain had recently shown that the parasite is capable of wiping out a beehive.
    (SFC, 4/26/07, p.A1)
2007        Apr 25, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb attack on an Afghan military convoy left seven soldiers dead. A suicide attacker blew himself up close to the vehicle of a district governor of Paktika. Militants ambushed a police vehicle in the western province of Herat overnight and killed three policemen. Afghan police and US special troops clashed with foreign militants in eastern Afghanistan, killing at least five militants.
    (AP, 4/25/07)(AP, 4/26/07)
2007        Apr 25, In Argentina a federal court threw out amnesties for former military President Jorge Videla (81) and Navy chief Eduardo Massera, two leaders of the former military dictatorship, saying they must serve their life terms in prison for crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 25, A top US diplomat warned of new sanctions against Belarus if authorities refuse to release what he said were political prisoners, and dropping charges against others.
    (AP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 25, China detained four Americans on Mount Everest after they called for independence for Tibet and protested the Beijing Olympics. More than 50 children were poisoned by a kindergarten breakfast in Zhengzhou city in Henan province, in the latest case highlighting problems in the country's food supply chain.
    (AP, 4/25/07)(AP, 4/26/07)
2007        Apr 25, Royal Bank of Scotland, Fortis, a Belgian-Dutch lender and Santander of Spain launched a blockbuster 72-billion-euro takeover battle for Dutch group ABN Amro, outgunning by far an agreed offer by Barclays.
    (AFP, 4/25/07)(Econ, 4/28/07, p.85)(Econ, 7/19/08, p.84)
2007        Apr 25, In Indonesia the MT Maulana, an oil tanker that had just unloaded its cargo, exploded on a Sumatran river, killing four crew members.
    (AP, 4/26/07)
2007        Apr 25, A UN report was released that said that violence in Baghdad remains at high levels. The UN Assistance Mission in Iraq singled out Kurdistan in its 10th human rights report on Iraq, expressing concern over infringements on freedom of expression by the regional government. A suicide bomber wearing a hidden belt of explosives attacked a police station in Iraq's volatile province of Diyala, killing at least four policeman. Roadside bombs, mortar rounds and drive-by shootings also killed 10 Iraqis and wounded 23 in the Baghdad area and the cities of Kirkuk, Mosul and Fallujah.
    (AP, 4/25/07)(AP, 4/26/07)
2007        Apr 25, Israel’s PM Ehud Olmert authorized the army to carry out limited operations against militants in the Gaza Strip, but ruled out a large-scale ground offensive in response to a new round of Hamas rocket attacks.
    (AP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 25, Japan adopted stricter gun control guidelines following a spate of gangster shootings that rattled a nation renowned for its crime-free streets.
    (AP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 25, Barbara Blida (57), a former Polish government minister, committed suicide in her bathroom as police searched her house in connection with corruption allegations. Blida, a lawmaker for the post-communist Democratic Left Alliance from 1989-2005 and construction minister from 1993-1996, was suspected of taking and receiving material gains. The raid was part of an investigation into corruption allegations against 14 people.
    (AP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 25, In Somalia civilians were caught in the crossfire as the government's Ethiopian backers used tanks and heavy artillery to pound insurgent strongholds. Human rights groups said more than 350 people have been killed in the last eight days, the majority civilians.
    (AP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 25, The UN food agency said Sudanese authorities were holding up to 100,000 tons of sorghum meant for Darfur, alleging that it is genetically modified. Laboratory tests had shown it was not genetically modified.
    (Reuters, 4/26/07)
2007        Apr 25, Ukraine’s President Viktor Yushchenko pushed back the date of snap parliamentary elections until June 24. The move was seen as a conciliatory gesture as the Constitutional Court began deliberations on the legality of his decree dissolving parliament.
    (AP, 4/25/07)
2007        Apr 25, In Venezuela officials from Chevron, BP PLC, France’s Total SA and Norway’s Statoil ASA signed memorandums of agreement to give state-owned Petroleos de Venezuela SA a majority stake in 3 projects. ConocoPhillips resisted giving up control of 2 projects.
    (SFC, 4/27/07, p.D3)

2008        Apr 25, Wachovia Corp. agreed to pay as much as $144 million to settle an 18-month government investigation into its relationships with telemarketers that allegedly harmed 350,000 to 500,000 consumers.
    (WSJ, 4/26/08, p.A6)
2008        Apr 25, In San Diego a bomb exploded at the FedEx building. Another bomb exploded at a downtown San Diego courthouse on May 4. There were no injuries in either of the early morning bombings. On August 6 authorities indicted 3 people: Rachelle Carlock, Ella Louise Sanders and Eric Reginald Robinson, for both bombings. On Feb 16, 2013, Donny Love (46) was sentenced to 55 years in prison for allegedly masterminding the bombings.
    (SFC, 8/7/08, p.A7)(SSFC, 2/17/13, p.A12)
2008        Apr 25, Near San Diego, Ca., a shark killed triathlete David Martin (66) at Solano Beach.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 25, In Chicago a tractor trailer that witnesses said didn't seem to slow down rammed into a crowded bus shelter and a Chicago Transit Authority train station during the evening rush hour, killing two people and injuring more than a dozen.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 25, Enrico Donati (99), Italian-born American painter, died in Manhattan. He was considered by many to be the last of the Surrealists. Donati had also served as chairman and CEO of Houbignant Inc., one of the oldest purveyors of French perfumes. He had bought the company in 1965.
    (SFC, 4/29/08, p.B5)
2008        Apr 25, Some 50 Taliban attacked Afghan police at Charbaran in Paktika province. The police called in American help and American helicopters broke the attack. Several insurgents were later tracked by drones and killed.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.37)
2008        Apr 25, Police swarmed a Rio de Janeiro slum in search of a drug lord, touching off a shootout that killed 11 people including a 70-year-old woman. Two bystanders were wounded. Emival Barbosa Machado (50), an Amazon farmer who received death threats after reporting illegal logging to authorities, was shot to death as he left his house in Tucurui.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 25, China's government agreed to a meeting with an envoy of exiled Tibetan leader the Dalai Lama, a step that follows weeks of calls from world leaders for dialogue in the wake of anti-government protests in Tibet.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, China banned a controversial type of irreversible brain surgery used to treat schizophrenia.
    (WSJ, 4/28/08, p.A11)
2008        Apr 25, Iranians voted in parliamentary run-off elections expected to leave conservatives firmly in control because most reformist candidates were barred from running.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called for an end to clashes between his militia fighters and Iraqi troops, saying that his threat of an "open war" applied only to US-led foreign forces. The US military said American and Iraqi forces killed 10 militants in overnight clashes in northeastern Baghdad. Local hospital officials said 7 people, including two women, were killed and 45 others were wounded in the clashes.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, In Japan protesters waved the Tibetan flag and denounced China's rulers as the Beijing Olympic torch arrived for the latest leg of a worldwide relay marred by demonstrations.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, In northwestern Pakistan a car bomb killed three people, despite calls from Taliban leaders asking Islamic militants to refrain from attacks amid efforts by the new government to reach peace deals in the region.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, A Palestinian militant shot and killed two Israeli security guards at a factory along the divide between Israel and the West Bank. The attacker was lightly wounded in an exchange of gunfire but managed to escape.
    (AP, 4/25/08)
2008        Apr 25, In Sri Lanka a bomb in a bus baggage rack exploded outside Colombo killing 24 people and wounding 40.
    (SFC, 4/26/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 25, Turkish warplanes and artillery units struck Kurdish rebels in northern Iraq who were preparing to cross the border to carry out attacks. The strikes continued the next day.
    (AP, 4/26/08)
2008        Apr 25, In Zimbabwe heavily armed police swooped down on opposition headquarters and independent election observers' offices, arresting hundreds and beating and shoving scores of people.
    (AP, 4/25/08)

2009        Apr 25, The World Health Organization called an emergency meeting of experts to consider declaring an international public health emergency over the swine flu outbreak believed to have killed dozens of people in Mexico and sickened at least seven in the US.
    (AP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 25, In Florida Joshua Cartwright (28), accused of beating his wife, killed two sheriff's deputies at a shooting range in Okaloosa County. Cartwright shot the deputies after they shocked him with a Taser. He then fled across the county line, where he died in an exchange of gunfire with deputies.
    (AP, 4/26/09)(WSJ, 4/27/09, p.A5)
2009        Apr 25, In Athens, Georgia, Prof. George Zinkhan (57) shot and killed his wife and 2 other people outside the Athens Community Theater. Zinkhan fled the scene. Cadaver dogs found Zinkhan’s body "beneath the earth" in the north Georgia woods on May 9, two weeks after police say he shot his wife and two other people to death outside a community theater.
    (SSFC, 4/26/09, p.A7)(SFC, 4/27/09, p.A4)(AP, 5/10/09)(AP, 5/10/09)
2009        Apr 25, In San Francisco Anthony’s Cookies held its grand opening at 1417 Valencia Street.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yae5jzv)(SFC, 12/7/09, p.E1)
2009        Apr 25, Beatrice Arthur (b.1922), stage and TV actress, died. The tall, deep-voiced actress considered herself lucky to be discovered by television executives after a long stage career that included a Tony award for the musical "Mame." Her TV shows included “Maude" (1972-1978) and “The Golden Girls" (1985-1992).
    (AP, 4/26/09)(SSFC, 4/26/09, p.B6)
2009        Apr 25, In Afghanistan 3 suicide bombers penetrated the governor's compound in Kandahar city, killing at least five police officers in the latest multi-pronged attack in the Taliban's spiritual birthplace. A roadside bomb in the eastern province of Khost killed three border police.
    (AP, 4/25/09)(AP, 4/26/09)
2009        Apr 25, Australia intercepted a boat carrying more than 50 refugees north of Darwin, little more than a week after an explosion on another vessel killed five people. A boat carrying 32 Sri Lankan refugees was stopped near the northwest coast on April 23.
    (AFP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 25, It was reported the Behrad Khamesee and colleagues at the Univ. of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada, have built a micro-robot with gripper arms that levitates.
    (Econ, 4/25/09, p.85)
2009        Apr 25, In Guatemala police announced that they had seized more than 500 grenades, anti-personnel mines, machine guns, 350 kilograms (770 pounds) of cocaine and two armored cars at a warehouse where five anti-drug agents were killed in a shootout the previous day.
    (AP, 4/26/09)
2009        Apr 25, Icelanders voted in an early parliamentary election. Iceland's leftist coalition won the country's general election, a blow for the pro-business Independence Party that many blamed for the collapse of the country's banking system. Johanna Sigurdardottir, the acting prime minister, was expected to be named prime minister.
    (AP, 4/25/09)(AP, 4/26/09)(Econ, 5/2/09, p.52)
2009        Apr 25, In India two employees of Airworks, the company that maintained the helicopter of an Indian billionaire Anil Ambani, sabotaged the gear box. The potentially lethal tampering was not motivated by corporate rivalry, but was part of a dispute between Airworks employees and management dating back to 1995. Two janitors were arrested in the attempted sabotage. Uday Warekar (42) and Palraj Ganpat Tewar (38) faced life in prison for violating the unlawful activities act and the civil aviation act.
    (AP, 5/4/09)
2009        Apr 25, It was reported that Kenya’s government included 94 ministers and deputies, each earning over $15,000 a month.
    (Econ, 4/25/09, p53)
2009        Apr 25, Lebanese authorities arrested three men for allegedly being part of a spying ring for Israel, in the latest episode in the long-running espionage war between the two countries. The arrests were based on information extracted from a retired Lebanese general arrested earlier this week, also for allegedly spying for Israel.
    (AP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 25, Lebanon’s national debt was reported to have dropped to 162% of GDP, triple the world average.
    (Econ, 4/25/09, p.52)
2009        Apr 25, Mexico City suspended all public events for 10 days as officials tried to contain an outbreak of a deadly new swine flu. Tests showed 20 people have died of the swine flu, and 48 other deaths were probably due to the same strain.
    (AP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 25, In Mexico gunmen killed the police chief of Piedras Negras, across the border from Eagle Pass, Texas, less than three weeks after he took over the local force with the aim of purging alleged corruption. Six police officers were being questioned in the attack.
    (AP, 4/26/09)
2009        Apr 25, North Korea said it has restarted its nuclear facilities to harvest plutonium for atomic weapons, just hours after the UN imposed new sanctions on the communist state for its recent rocket launch.
    (AP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 25, In northwest Pakistan at least four children were killed in a bomb explosion outside a girls' primary school in Luqman Banda village of Lower Dir town.
    (AFP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 25, In Somalia mortars fired toward the parliament missed the building but hit a police unit inside the compound as well as a residential neighborhood, killing at least 7 people. Armed fighters attacked two African Union peacekeeping bases in Mogadishu, and a witness said he saw the bodies of three civilians killed.
    (AP, 4/25/09)(AP, 4/26/09)
2009        Apr 25, Hijackers seized the Maltese-flagged MV Patriot, a German-owned ship with a crew of 17, in the pirate-infested waters between Somalia and Yemen. An Italian cruise ship with 1,500 people on board fended off a pirate attack far off the coast of Somalia when its Israeli private security forces exchanged fire with the bandits.
    (AP, 4/25/09)(AP, 4/26/09)
2009        Apr 25, In Sri Lanka the Tamil Tiger rebels warned that tens of thousands of civilians trapped in the northern war zone are facing starvation, as the UN sent its top humanitarian official to assess the crisis.
    (AP, 4/25/09)
2009        Apr 25, In Thailand around 2,000 anti-government protesters gathered for a rally in Bangkok, a day after PM Abhisit Vejjajiva lifted a state of emergency imposed amid violent demonstrations earlier this month.
    (AFP, 4/25/09)

2010        Apr 25, In California Fresno police began a crackdown on gangs after 3 people were killed in separate shootings. By May 10 police made some 648 arrests including 216 for felony offenses.
    (SFC, 5/10/10, p.A4)
2010        Apr 25, Dorothy Provine (75), film and TV actress, died at her home in Washington state. Her films included “Live Fast, Die Young" (1958) and “The Great Race" (1965).
    (SFC, 5/1/10, p.C4)
2010        Apr 25, Phuong Le (24) of Suisun city, Ca., was last seen at a bookstore in Fairfield, Ca. Her body was found on May 7 in rural Napa County.
    (SFC, 5/8/10, p.C3)
2010        Apr 25, In Afghanistan 13 girls became sick in northern Kunduz province. Another 47 had complained of dizziness and nausea the day before, and 23 fell ill on April 21. A strange odor in their classrooms, prompted an investigation into whether they were targeted by militants who oppose education for girls or victims of mass hysteria. Hundreds of people blocked a main road in Logar province, and burned several trucks to protest what they said were civilian deaths in NATO operations. In southern Zabul province a suicide bomber attacked private security guards while they were at a bazaar, killing four Afghans and wounding 12. One Afghan police officer was killed and another was wounded during an attack on a militant compound in the Wordoch district of Badakshkhan province northeast of Kabul. 2 militants were killed in the operation. Government forces on a mission to eradicate poppies in eastern Nangrahar province came under fire. During the gunbattle three Afghans were killed. Six Taliban militants were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 4/25/10)(AP, 4/26/10)
2010        Apr 25, Austria's president easily secured a second term, deflecting a challenge by a far-right politician who had criticized the country's anti-Nazi law. Incumbent Heinz Fischer, a Social Democrat, won 78.9 percent of the vote, trouncing his main rival, Barbara Rosenkranz of the anti-foreigner and anti-European Union Freedom Party, who netted 15.6 percent.
    (AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 25, Kifah Hassan, chief executive of Iraqi Airways, had his passport seized and the plane he arrived on was impounded at Gatwick Airport in a long-running legal dispute with Kuwait Airways. The dispute dated back to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait in 1990, when, according to the oil-rich emirate, 10 of its planes and aircraft parts were plundered after its airport was seized.
    (AFP, 4/30/10)
2010        Apr 25, Colombian police said they have captured Danit Doria Castillo, a leading figure in a drug trafficking, right-wing militia group.
    (AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 25, Cuba held elections to fill municipal assemblies across the island in a vote the communist government says belies criticism in Washington and Europe that Fidel Castro's half-century old revolution is not democratic.
    (AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 25, Police in Hong Kong seized 820 pounds (372 kg) of cocaine from a suburban house that was reportedly part of a botched drug shipment sent to the southern Chinese territory by mistake. Police later said they have arrested eight people, four men and four women aged 22 to 84, in connection to the case, their largest seizure to date.
    (AP, 4/27/10)
2010        Apr 25, Hungarians went to the polls for the second round of general elections. The center-right Fidesz party, led by Viktor Orban, a former prime minister who promised to restore "law and order" and pull Hungary out of recession, won a two-thirds parliamentary majority.
    (AFP, 4/25/10)(AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 25, In Iraq troops raided the town of al-Safra and arrested Burhan Mahmoud Mohammed, a local leader of the Islamic State of Iraq. An explosion inside an iron factory in Irbil killed five workers, including two Indians, two Arabs, a Kurd, and wounded 15.
    (AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 25, In Japan nearly 100,000 protesters attended a rally on Okinawa to demonstrate against a US air base in a row that is dominating Japan's national politics and souring its ties with Washington.
    (AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 25, Malaysia's government scored a narrow win in a tense by-election billed as a referendum on PM Najib Razak's planned economic reforms and his first year in office.
    (Reuters, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 25, In the Philippines a huge fire sweeping through a shantytown outside Manila destroyed about 600 houses leaving one person dead and some 10,000 people homeless.
    (AP, 4/25/10)(AP, 4/26/10)
2010        Apr 25, In Sudan clashes continued for a 4th day in Darfur between Arab nomads and south Sudan's army along the country's volatile north-south border. Local tribal officials reported more than 50 Arab nomads were killed in the fighting with soldiers from the southern Sudan's People Liberation Army.
    (AP, 4/25/10)
2010        Apr 25, A hot air balloon carrying 14 people crashed in the desert south of Dubai, killing at least two.
    (AP, 4/25/10)

2011        Apr 25, In Arkansas powerful storms caused flooding and a tornado that left 10 people dead.
    (SFC, 4/27/11, p.A8)
2011        Apr 25, In Oakland, Ca., a shooting at Sweet Jimmie’s restaurant killed Bill Jenkins (27) and Adam Williams. 4 others were wounded. On June 15 Clem Thompkins was arrested in connections with the killings. On Nov 21, 2013, gang members Clem Thompkins (25) and Lamar Fox (23) were convicted for the double murder.
    (SFC, 6/17/11, p.C3)(SFC, 11/22/13, p.D2)
2011        Apr 25, Abu Dhabi state news agency said five activists, including a blogger and an academic, were detained for "opposing the government" in the oil-rich Gulf country.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, In southern Afghanistan some 488 Taliban fighters and commanders escaped overnight from a prison in Kandahar in an audacious jailbreak which the government admitted was a security "disaster." The Taliban later said 541 prisoners escaped including 106 military commanders.
    (AFP, 4/25/11)(SFC, 4/29/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 25, Cambodian and Thai troops clashed with guns and artillery after almost a full-day break in fighting that has killed at least 12 people in four days and sent nearly 50,000 into evacuation centers.
    (Reuters, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Chad’s Pres. Idriss Deby Itno won nearly 84% of the vote in elections, which the opposition boycotted.
    (AFP, 8/8/11)
2011        Apr 25, Chinese oil refining giant Sinopec said it has demoted Lu Guangyu, a top executive, who bought 1.6 million yuan (148,463 pounds) of wine and spirits after details of the purchase leaked onto the Internet and sparked an uproar over extravagance at the state-owned firm.
    (Reuters, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, In China an illegal garment shop in southern Beijing caught fire, killing 17 migrant workers and their family members who may not have been able to escape the four-story building because of bars on the windows.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, In eastern Congo a boat owner said 72 people are missing after his boat capsized on Lake Kivu, possibly because of bad weather and high winds.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Dominican Rep. first lady Margarita Cedeno (45) said she will not run for the presidency just weeks after the ruling party cleared the way for her candidacy.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Egypt's premier suspended Emad Mikhail, a Christian governor linked to the ousted Mubarak regime, after his appointment sparked protests in restive Qena province.
    (AFP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, In El Salvador 3 suspected gang members climbed aboard a bus and shot television cameraman Alfredo Hurtado (41) to death as he rode to work.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 25, Hungarian President Pal Schmitt formally signed the country's new constitution into law, despite heavy criticism from civil groups, rights organizations and opposition parties.
    (AFP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Indian officials arrested the chief organizer of last year's Commonwealth Games and two other officials as part of a corruption investigation into the scandal-plagued competition in New Delhi.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, A senior Iranian military official said Iran has been hit by a second computer virus, the Stars virus, suggesting it was part of a concerted campaign to undermine the country's disputed nuclear program.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Japan sent nearly 25,000 soldiers to recover bodies killed in last month’s earthquake and tsunami. Some 14,300 were confirmed dead with 12,000 still missing.
    (SFC, 4/25/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 25, In Libya NATO forces flattened a building inside Muammar Gaddafi's Bab al-Aziziyah compound, in what a press official from Gaddafi's government said was an attempt on the Libyan leader's life. Refugees fleeing the Western Mountains told of heavy bombardment by Muammar Gaddafi's forces as they try to dislodge rebels in remote Berber towns.
    (AP, 4/25/11)(Reuters, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, Mexican authorities said federal police rescued 51 people, including six Chinese and 18 Central American migrants, who were captive in Reynosa, the same border city where more than five dozen people were freed last week.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 25, Mauritanian police arrested 20 people after hundreds demonstrated in the capital against the regime of President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.
    (AP, 4/26/11)
2011        Apr 25, In northeastern Nigeria police said an explosion at a hotel killed three people and wounded 14 others only days before the state's gubernatorial election.
    (AP, 4/25/11)
2011        Apr 25, South Sudan’s army said at least 165 people have been killed in the past week in fighting between its army and militia. The UN said more than 800 civilians have been killed since January.
    (AP, 4/25/11)(SFC, 4/26/11, p.A2)  
2011        Apr 25, Syria sharply escalated its already deadly campaign to crush a five-week uprising, sending troops backed by tanks, snipers and knife-wielding security forces into Daraa where the rebellion began, killing at least 25 people. Syria sealed off its border with Jordan.
    (AP, 4/25/11)(AFP, 4/25/11)(Reuters, 4/26/11)(AFP, 4/27/11)
2011        Apr 25, In Yemen forces loyal to the embattled president attacked protesters calling for his ouster in Ibb and Bayda, injuring dozens. 2 people were killed and dozens wounded.
    (AP, 4/25/11)(SFC, 4/26/11, p.A3)
2011        Apr 25, In Zimbabwe thieves raided the offices and stole computer hard drives and the editor's laptop of NewsDay, an independent daily newspaper critical of President Mugabe.
    (AP, 4/27/11)

2012        Apr 25, US federal officials announced that multiple airport screeners have been arrested for allegedly taking handsome bribes to look the other way while loads of illegal drugs slipped through security at Los Angeles International Airport.
    (ABCNews, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, The US Marine Corps said a sergeant will be discharged for criticizing President Barack Obama on Facebook in a case that called into question the Pentagon's policies about social media and its limits on the speech of active duty military personnel. Sgt. Gary Stein will get an other-than-honorable discharge and lose most of his benefits for violating the policies.
    (AP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, Connecticut Gov. Dannel Malloy signed a law that ends the state’s death penalty for future crimes, making it the 17th state to abolish capital punishment.
    (SFC, 4/26/12, p.A6)
2012        Apr 25, In Massachusetts Anthony DiNunzio, the alleged head of the New England Cosa Nostra, was arrested in Boston. He pleaded not guilty to multiple counts including racketeering and conspiracy.
    (SFC, 4/26/12, p.A6)
2012        Apr 25, In southern Afghanistan another NATO service member was killed by an improvised explosive device. Another NATO service member died of non-battle injuries. A man wearing an Afghan National Army uniform shot and killed a US soldier and an Afghan interpreter in Kandahar province. The shooter was killed when coalition forces returned fire.
    (AP, 4/25/12)(AP, 4/26/12)(SFC, 4/28/12, p.A3)
2012        Apr 25, In Bahrain an overnight bomb attack carried out by "terrorists" wounded four policemen in the Shiite-populated village of Diraz. Police also raided 11 homes and arrested six people.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, European ministers began returning to Belarus. Poland, Lithuania and Sweden sent their representatives back to Minsk today. Other ambassadors will return over the next hours and days.
    (Reuters, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, Brazil’s Congress launched an investigation into the political influence of businessman Carlos Augusto Ramos (aka Carlinhos Cachoeira or Charlie Waterfall). He was thought to have ties with the numbers racket.
    (Econ, 5/5/12, p.37)
2012        Apr 25, Britain was back in recession after the economy shrank again in the first quarter but the government insisted on sticking by its deep spending cuts despite concerns they undermine growth. Britain's gross domestic product (GDP) contracted 0.2 percent between January and March, following a fall of 0.3 percent in the fourth quarter of 2011.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, In central Indonesia a South African pilot and his Australian passenger were killed when their Susi Air Pilatus PC-6 aircraft crashed. The airline identified the pilot as Jonathan James Willis (28). Indonesian officials identified the passenger as photographer Ian McDougall (57).
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, A Kyrgyzstan utilities company turned off the gas supply to a major war memorial in the capital, Bishkek, after city authorities failed to clear a 3-year $9,400 debt.
    (AP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, Libya's ruling National Transitional Council issued a new law that bans parties based on religious principles, the council spokesman said. The surprise move was denounced by Islamists organizing to compete in upcoming elections. The interim ruling council fired the nation's Cabinet just five months after it took office, citing incompetence, just two months before the country's first national election. 65 of the NTC's 72-members approved a no-confidence motion against PM Abdurrahim el-Keib.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)(AP, 4/26/12)
2012        Apr 25, Mali's interim PM Cheick Modibo Diarra (60) formed a 24-member government, including three military representatives seen as close to the outgoing military junta.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, In New Zealand an African elephant killed a zookeeper caring for her at the Franklin Zoo near Auckland where the animal was retired after performing in circuses for decades.
    (AP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, Pakistan successfully tested an improved intermediate-range ballistic missile with a possible range of 466-620 miles.
    (SFC, 4/26/12, p.A3)
2012        Apr 25, Philippine communist guerrillas (NPA) killed 11 soldiers and a civilian near the mountain town of Tinoc on the main island of Luzon in one of their most audacious attacks in recent years.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, Philippine and US Navy troops conducted joint exercises in the South China Sea.
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.44)
2012        Apr 25, Two major South Korean retailers pulled US beef from their stores following the discovery of mad cow disease in a California dairy cow. US health authorities a day earlier said the animal was never a threat to the nation's food supply. US authorities said the dead cow had what scientists call an atypical case of BSE, meaning that a random mutation in the animal rather than infected cattle feed was the cause.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, South Sudan freed 14 Sudanese prisoners of war as a "goodwill gesture" despite weeks of fierce fighting along their contested border. South Sudan’s Pres. Kiir cut short his visit to China amid violence with Sudan, as Beijing announced plans to send a peace envoy.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)
2012        Apr 25, In Syria an explosion in Hama killed at least 16 people. The government blamed rebels. Activists on the ground put the death toll as high as 68, including 16 children. UN envoy Kofi Annan urged the fast deployment of the full, 300-strong mission and voiced alarm about persistent violence. Observers now numbered 15. Syria was refusing to accept monitors from the Western and Arab coalition of countries in the so-called Friends of Syria group which has backed the Syrian opposition.
    (AFP, 4/25/12)(AFP, 4/26/12)(SFC, 4/27/12, p.A3)
2012        Apr 25, In Venezuela Walid Maklid, an alleged drug baron, said he had paid supreme court justice Eladio Aponte millions of dollars.
    (Econ, 4/28/12, p.42)

2013        Apr 25, The George W. Bush presidential library was dedicated in Dallas, Texas.
    (SFC, 4/26/13, p.A16)
2013        Apr 25, The US Justice Dept. announced charges against Marta Rita Velazquez involving her role in recruiting Ana Belen Montes, a friend and colleague, to spy for the Cuban Intelligence Service in 1984.
    (SFC, 4/26/13, p.A15)
2013        Apr 25, A 1913 Liberty Head nickel, one of only 5 known to exist, was sold for $3.17 million at an auction in Chicago. It was minted in 1912 in Philadelphia with the year 1913 cast on its face. A set of 5 was broken up in 1942.
    (SFC, 4/27/13, p.A4)
2013        Apr 25, An Oregon federal judge ruled that the practice of limiting inmates’ mail to postcards in unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 4/26/13, p.A6)
2013        Apr 25, Texas executed Richard Cobb (29) for shooting Kenneth Vandever, one of three people abducted during a convenience store robbery on Sep 2, 2002. Two women were also shot and one was raped.
    (SFC, 4/26/13, p.A6)
2013        Apr 25, The US military said 94 men are on the hunger strike at Guantanamo Bay, up two from a day earlier.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, Argentina's congress passed new limits on judicial independence, key parts of a package of laws the government promised will "democratize" the country's courts. Opponents said private property will be much more difficult to protect and President Cristina Fernandez and her appointees will have free reign to govern without court interference.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, Britain’s Ministry of Defense announced that a new drone-operating squadron had begun operating from RAF Waddington in eastern England.
    (AP, 4/27/13)
2013        Apr 25, Richard Dart (30), a white Briton who was the subject of a 2011 documentary detailing his conversion to radical Islam, was jailed on terrorism charges on the strength of evidence gleaned from fragments of deleted text recovered from a laptop.
    (Reuters, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, Central African Republic (CAR) local residents said at least 40 elephants have been slain at Dzanga-Sangha since the rebels took power on March 24.
    (AP, 4/26/13)
2013        Apr 25, Chilean police arrested four people accused of burning a baby alive in a ritual because the leader of the sect believed that the end of the world was near and that the child was the antichrist. The 3-day-old baby was taken to a hill in the town of Colliguay near the Chilean port of Valparaiso on Nov. 21 and was thrown into a bonfire. The 12-member sect was formed in 2005 and was led by Ramon Gustavo Castillo Gaete (36), who remained at large.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, Guinea-Bissau sentenced army captain Pansau Ntchama to serve five years in prison after being found guilty of treason and using illegal weapons while leading a failed coup last year.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, In Haiti Richard Joyal (62), a Catholic missionary from Manitoba, Canada, was shot to death as he left a bank in Port-au-Prince.
    (Reuters, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, In Iraq gunmen took over Suleiman Beg, a Sunni town north of Baghdad, after a firefight with security forces. Fighting since April 23 in Sunni towns in western and northern Iraq have left more than 100 people dead in clashes and other violence.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, Israel shot down a drone as it approached its northern coast from neighboring Lebanon, raising suspicions that the Hezbollah militant group was behind the infiltration attempt.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, Israel's army said that it would soon halt its use of white phosphorus shells after years of international criticism for using the incendiary munitions in crowded Palestinian areas.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, A pro-Kurdish news agency said Kurdish rebels will start withdrawing thousands of guerrilla fighters from Turkey on May 8 and retreat across the border to northern Iraq, in an important milestone toward ending the nearly three-decade old insurgency that has cost tens of thousands of lives.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, The Malian military says it has expelled French journalist Dorothee Thienot from Gao in northern Mali. She had documented civilian deaths blamed on Malian soldiers.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, Pirates off of Nigeria attacked the German-operated “City of Xiamen" container ship. The ship’s 5 Pole and Russian crew members were released on May 11.
    (http://gcaptain.com/nigerian-pirates-release-city-of-xiamen-crew/)
2013        Apr 25, In Karachi, Pakistan, a bomb exploded outside an election office of  the Muttahida Quami Movement, one of the main political parties, killing 5 people in the latest attack ahead of the nation's May 11 elections.
    (AP, 4/26/13)
2013        Apr 25, In the southern Philippines gunmen attacked a truck carrying a mayor and his supporters and killed 13 people including his daughter in Lanao del Norte province. Nunungan Mayor Abdul Manamparan and nine others were wounded in the country's worst violence in campaigning for May elections.
    (AP, 4/26/13)
2013        Apr 25, Rwanda issued its first Eurobond. The ten-year $400m issue was more than 8 times oversubscribed.
    (Econ, 5/4/13, p.74)(http://tinyurl.com/o76lxbr)
2013        Apr 25, In Somalia Omar Hammami, a most-wanted American jihadi fropm Alabama, was wounded in an assassination attempt.
    (AP, 4/26/13)
2013        Apr 25, South Africa's parliament passed a bill designed to protect state secrets despite the concerns of some activists who fear it could undermine the country's young democracy.
    (AP, 4/25/13)
2013        Apr 25, Spanish agents arrested a Dutch citizen, identified as S.K. (35), for using a vehicle to hack into networks. He was accused of attacking the Swiss-British antispam watchdog group Spamhaus.
    (SFC, 4/29/13, p.A3)
2013        Apr 25, The UN Security Council authorized the deployment of a 12,600 member peacekeeping force to Mali.
    (AP, 4/26/13)(Econ, 6/15/13, p.44)
2013        Apr 25, Venezuelan opposition leader Henrique Capriles announced that his movement will boycott an audit of election results and push the government to hold a new presidential ballot.
    (AP, 4/25/13)

2014        Apr 25, President Barack Obama wrapped up a state visit to Japan during which he assured America's ally that Washington would come to its defense, but failed to clinch a trade deal key to both his "pivot" to Asia and PM Shinzo Abe's economic reforms.
    (Reuters, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, President Barack Obama and South Korean President Park Geun-hye warned Pyongyang that it could face tougher sanctions if it follows through with threats to launch a fourth nuclear test.
    (AP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, Three US protesters, arrested in 2012 for plotting Molotov cocktails in a 2012 Nato summit in Chicago were sentenced from 5-8 years in prison on arson and mob-action charges. They had been acquitted of terrorism and received credit for two years in jail.
    (SFC, 4/26/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 25, California's Governor Jerry Brown said the state drought is so severe that the government will roll back some environmental protections and loosen the rules on transferring water to farmers.
    (Reuters, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, Dr. John Jay Osborn (96), inventor of one of the first heart-lung machines (1956), died in Belvedere, Ca. The machine made open heart surgery possible.
    (SFC, 5/1/14, p.D6)
2014        Apr 25, In Milford, Connecticut, Maren Sanchez (16) died of stab wounds to her torso and neck on the day of her junior prom at Jonathan Law High School. Chris Plakson (16) was arrested and charged with homicide.
    (SFC, 4/28/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 25, Oregon dropped its problem-plagued online health exchange and decided to switch to the federal website for private policies.
    (SFC, 4/26/14, p.A6)
2014        Apr 25, Multiple tornadoes hit eastern North Carolina damaging over 200 homes.
    (SSFC, 4/27/14, p.A13)
2014        Apr 25, Cambodia's highest court ruled that a prominent Russian property developer wanted in his homeland for allegedly embezzling millions of dollars cannot be extradited. Sergei Polonsky expressed satisfaction with the ruling and said he will spend up to $100 million developing an island he purchased off Cambodia's southern coast. Polonsky was charged in Russia in June last year with embezzling more than 5.7 billion rubles ($175 million) from 80 property investors.
    (AP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, China’s Sina.com temporarily closed its literature site after being accused of hosting pornography, and authorities confirmed they were revoking two crucial licenses, ensnaring one of China's top web portals in an intensifying online crackdown.
    (AP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, In CongoDRC at least 23 people were killed when a stampede broke out in Kikwit, Bandundu province during a tribute for singer King Kester Emeneya (57), who died in Paris in February.
    (AP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, A top El Salvador official said Mara street gangs are arming themselves with high-powered rifles and some gang members have tried to join the army to get military training.
    (AP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, Finland-based Nokia said it has completed the 5.44 billion-euro ($7.5 billion) sale of its troubled cellphone and services division to Microsoft Corp.
    (AP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, German-Jewish writer Stefanie Zweig (81), best known for her autobiographical novel "Nowhere in Africa" (1995), died. The book retold the story of her family's time in Kenya. A movie adaptation won an Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film in 2003.
    (AP, 4/27/14)
2014        Apr 25, Iran announced petrol price hikes as high as 75 percent to take immediate effect, in a long-awaited attempt to regulate energy prices in the country's flatlining, sanctions-hit economy.
    (AFP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, In Iraq a multiple bombing killed at least 33 people at a campaign rally for a militant Shiite group in Baghdad. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack on the rally, which drew about 10,000 backers of Asaib Ahl al-Haq. Several hours later a senior Sunni politician in the mostly Shiite southern city of Basra was shot dead in what appeared to be a revenge attack.
    (AP, 4/26/14)
2014        Apr 25, Police in Jamaica arrested 20 people suspected of involvement in a multimillion-dollar lottery scam.
    (AP, 4/26/14)
2014        Apr 25, In Pakistan a powerful bomb exploded in an upscale residential area of Karachi, killing at least 4 people and wounding 25.
    (AP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, Puerto Rico police said they have seized 209 pounds (95 kg) of cocaine found on an abandoned boat near the popular tourist island of Culebra.
    (AP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, Russia’s Central Bank said it has increased its one-week auction rate by 0.5 percentage points to 7.5 percent in an effort to stem inflation as the country begins to feel the impact of its policies in Ukraine. Standard & Poor's credit agency cut Russia's credit rating for the first time in more than five years, citing the flight of capital and the risk to investment in Russia since the Ukraine crisis blew up late last year.
    (AP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, Saudi Arabia's Health Ministry said that five more people in the kingdom have died from MERS. The ministry says 92 people have died and 313 have contracted the virus in Saudi since September 2012.
    (AP, 4/26/14)
2014        Apr 25, South Sudan released four top leaders accused of rebellion and treason, dropping charges for attempting to overthrow the government in a move aimed at ending a four-month-old civil war.
    (AFP, 4/25/14)
2014        Apr 25, Ukrainian special forces launched a second phase of their operation in the east of the country by mounting a full blockade of the rebel-held city of Slaviansk A Ukrainian military helicopter exploded at a base near the eastern town of Kramatorsk after being hit by a rocket-propelled grenade. In Slovyansk pro-Russian activists detained an eight-member team traveling under the auspices of the OSCE, accusing them of being NATO spies.
    (Reuters, 4/25/14)(AP, 4/25/14)(SSFC, 4/27/14, p.A9)
2014        Apr 25, Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro said that 16 people have been arrested in a new round of inspections to find alleged price gougers whom the socialist government blames for the worst inflation rate in the Americas.
    (Reuters, 4/25/14)

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