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Today in History - April 28

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Workers Memorial Day, to remember those killed or injured on the job.
    (WSJ, 11/2/98, p.B1)

357AD    Apr 28, Constantius II visited Rome for the first time.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1109        Apr 28, Hugo van Cluny, 6th abbot of Cluny, saint, died.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1202        Apr 28, King Philip II threw out John-without-Country, from France.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1282        Apr 28, Villagers in Palermo led a revolt against French rule in Sicily.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1376        Apr 28, English parliament demanded the supervision on royal outlay.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1442        Apr 28, Edward, the son of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, was born in Rouen, France. He was crowned as Edward IV in 1461 and became the first king of the House of York (1471-1483). In a 2004 television documentary, records were found in the Rouen Cathedral archives which revealed that, from 14 July to 21 August 1441, the crucial five-week period in which Edward must have been conceived, Edward's supposed father was away on campaign at Pontoise, several days' march from Rouen (where Cecily of York was based), and that prayers were being offered for his safety. This was taken to suggest that the Duke of York could not have been available to father Edward.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_IV_of_England)

1550        Apr 28, Powers of Dutch inquisition were extended.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1592        Apr 28, George Villiers, 1st duke of Buckingham, English admiral, was born.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1635        Apr 28, Virginia Governor John Harvey was accused of treason and removed from office.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1655        Apr 28, English admiral Blake beat a Tunisian pirate fleet.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1748        Apr 28, Lorenz Justinian Ott, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1753        Apr 28, Franz K. Achard, German physicist, was born.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1758        Apr 28, James Monroe (d.1831), later secretary of state and the fifth president of the United States (1817-1825), was born in Westmoreland County, Va. He created the Monroe Doctrine, warning Europe not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.28)(HNQ, 7/27/99)(HN, 4/28/02)

1760        Apr 28, French forces besieging Quebec defeated the British in the second battle on the Plains of Abraham.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1770        Apr 28, Marie AC de Camargo (60), Spanish-Italian-Belgian dancer, died.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1788        Apr 28, Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the US constitution, but on condition that a Bill of Rights be added.
    (AP, 4/28/07)(WSJ, 9/20/08, p.A21)

1789        Apr 28, Fletcher Christian lead a mutiny on the Bounty as the crew of the British ship set Captain William Bligh and 18 sailors adrift in a launch in the South Pacific. Richard Hough later authored: "Captain Bligh and Mr. Christian."
    http://www.visi.com/~pjlareau//bounty1.html
    (AP, 4/28/97)(HN, 4/28/98)(SFC, 10/9/99, p.A20)(MC, 4/28/02)

1795        Apr 28, Charles Sturt (d.1869), explorer of Australia, was born in India. British explorer Charles Sturt is known as the "father of Australian exploration." He was the first to penetrate deep into Australia's interior from 1828 to 1845 during three hazardous expeditions. In 1828 he discovered the Darling River and in January 1830 the Murray River, which he followed until he reached present day Goolwa. His last expedition came to an end when his eyesight was impaired by exposure and illness. Scotsman John McDouall Stuart was part of Stuart's final expedition and went on to become a major explorer, crossing the continent from Adelaide to Port Darwin in 1862. (http://members.ozemail.com.au/~fliranre/home.htm)
    (HN, 4/28/98)(HNQ, 5/26/98)

1799        Apr 28, Francois Giroust (62), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1813        Apr 28, Russian Gen. Mikhail Ilarionovich Kutuzov (b.1745) died. (April 16 Old Style) Kutuzov forced the French army to leave Russia along the path it had devastated when it entered the country.
    (www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/325629/Mikhail-Illarionovich-Prince-Kutuzov)

1815        Apr 28, Andrew Jackson Smith (d.1897), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1818        Apr 28, President Monroe proclaimed naval disarmament on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1826        Apr 28, Alexander Stadtfeld, composer, was born.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1848        Apr 28, The last slaves in French colonies were freed.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1856        Apr 28, Yokut Indians repelled an attack on their land by 100 would-be Indian fighters in California.
    (HN, 4/28/00)

1858        Apr 28, NYC commissioners approved the “Greensward” plan for Central Park. Frederick Law Olmstead (1822-1903), the recently selected park superintendant, and landscape architect Calvert Vaux won a design competition to improve and expand the park with a plan they entitled the Greensward Plan. The park had first opened in 1857, on 770 acres of city owned land. Construction began in 1858 and was completed in 1873. The initial budget for the new park was $1.5 million.
    (ON, 6/10, p.p6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Law_Olmsted)

1865        Apr 28, Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1873        Apr 28, A. Manzoni (88), writer, died. Giuseppi Verdi dedicated his "Requiem" to his memory.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1878        Apr 28, Lionel Barrymore, American stage, screen and radio actor, was born. He won an Oscar for his role in "A Free Soul."
    (HN, 4/28/99)

1881        Apr 28, Billy the Kid was held in Lincoln County Courthouse jail, near Carrizozo N.M. for the shooting of Sheriff William Brady, but escaped and killed two guards. He used an 1876 single-action army revolver made by Samuel Colt. The gun sold for $46,000 in 1998.
    (SFEC, 2/23/96, p.T8,9)(AP internet 7/14/97)(WSJ, 5/22/98, p.W12)(SFC, 2/2/01, p.A14)
1881        Apr 28, Robert W. Ollinger, US warden, last victim of Billy the Kid, died.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1882        Apr 28, Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist, was born.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1886        Apr 28, Erich Salomon, German photographer, was born.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1887        Apr 28, Carl Ferdinand Pohl (67), composer, died.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1889        Apr 28, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, premier, dictator of Portugal (1932-68), was born.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1892        Apr 28, John Jacob Niles, American folk singer and folklorist, was born.
    (HN, 4/28/01)
1892        Apr 28, The 1st performance of Antonin Dvorak's overture "Carneval."
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1896        Apr 28, Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian, died.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1898        Apr 28, William Soutar, Scottish poet, was born.
    (HN, 4/28/01)

1902        Apr 28, Johan Borgen, Norwegian novelist, was born.
    (HN, 4/28/01)
1902        Apr 28, A revolution broke out in the Dominican Republic.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1906        Apr 28, Bartholomeus J "Bart" Bok, Dutch-US astronomer (Milky Way), was born.
    (MC, 4/28/02)
1906        Apr 28, Kurt Gödel (d.1978), Austrian mathematician, was born in the Moravian city of Brno. Godel later developed his incompleteness theorem showing that within any logical system, no matter how rigidly structured, there are always questions that cannot be answered with certainty, contradictions that may be discovered, and errors that may lurk.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.340)(SFC, 6/14/05, p.D2)
1906        Aug 28, John Betjeman (d.1984), poet laureate of England (1972-1984), was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Betjeman)

1908        Apr 28, In SF a fire began just before midnight at a stable at 475 11th St. 48 horses belonging to F.M. Barrett, a lumber drayman, were killed.
    (SSFC, 4/27/08, DB p.58)

1910        Apr 28, The first night air flight was performed by Claude Grahame-White in England.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1912        Apr 28, Odette Hallowes, British secret agent in France, was born. She was later captured and tortured by the Gestapo.
    (HN, 4/28/99)

1914        Apr 28, W.H. Carrier was issued a patent for a method of “dew point control,” crucial to the development of automatic air cooling systems. In 1923 he invented an air-conditioning system powerful enough for installation at movie theaters.
    (http://dealscape.thedealblogs.com/2006/04/this_date_in_deal_history_firs.php)(ON, 8/07, p.11)
1914        Apr 28,  At Eccles, WV, 181 died in coal mine collapse.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1916        Apr 28, The British declared martial law throughout Ireland.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1917        Apr 28, Robert Anderson, writer (Tea & Sympathy, Never Sang for My Father), was born in NY.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1918        Apr 28, Gavrilo Princip (22), Bosnian murderer of arch duke Ferdinand, died in prison of tuberculosis.
    (http://concise.britannica.com)(AP, 4/28/07)

1919        Apr 28, The first jump with an Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute was made by Les Irvin.
    (HN, 4/28/98)(MC, 4/28/02)

1920        Apr 28, Azerbaijan joined the USSR. The Red Army invaded Azerbaijan and turned the country into a Soviet Republic.
    (HN, 4/28/98)(CO, Grolier’s Amer. Acad. Enc./ Azerbaijan)

1925        Apr 28, Kurd rebels surrendered to Turkish army.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1926        Apr 28, Harper Lee, American novelist, was born. Her 1960 book, "To Kill a Mockingbird" won a Pulitzer.
    (HN, 4/28/99)(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.M3)

1930        Apr 28, James Baker III was born. He became Secretary of Treasury (1985-88) for President Ronald Reagan, and Secretary of State (1989-1992) for President George Bush.
    (HN, 4/28/99)
1930        Apr 28, The first night organized baseball game was played in Independence, Kansas.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1932        Apr 28, A yellow fever vaccine for humans was announced.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1934        Apr 28, FDR signed a Home Owners Loan Act.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1935        Apr 28, The Moscow 81-km underground opened.
    (MC, 4/28/02)
1935        Apr 28, Alexander Campbell Mackenzie (87), Scottish composer, died.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1936        Apr 28, Kenneth White, poet and essayist, was born.
    (HN, 4/28/01)

1937        Apr 28, A ceremony marked the driving of the last rivet into the Golden Gate Bridge. A rivet gun destroyed a symbolic gold rivet and a steel rivet finished the job.
    (SSFC, 4/22/12, DB p.46)
1937        Apr 28, The 1st animated cartoon electric sign was displayed  in NYC.
    (MC, 4/28/02)
1937        Apr 28, Saddam Hussein, future president of Iraq, was born in the village of al-Oja near the desert town of Tikrit. His invasion of Kuwait prompted the Persian Gulf War. This became a state holiday under Hussein's rule and was abolished in 2003. He was executed in Dec 2006.
    (SFEC, 3/29/98, p.A12)(HN, 4/28/99)(WSJ, 1/20/02, p.A13)(AP, 7/13/07)
1937        Apr 28, Jean Redpath, Scottish folk singer, was born.
    (HN, 4/28/01)

1939        Apr 28, Hitler claimed the German-Polish non-attack treaty to be still in effect.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1940        Apr 28, Glenn Miller and his orchestra recorded "Pennsylvania 6-5000" for RCA Victor.
    (AP, 4/28/97)
1940        Apr 28, Rudolf Hoess became commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1941        Apr 28, Ann-Margret, actress (Bye Bye Birdie, Tommy), was born in Valsjobya, Sweden.
    (MC, 4/28/02)
1941        Apr 28, Last British troops in Greece surrendered.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1942        Apr 28, Nightly "dim-out" began along the East Coast.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1943        Apr 28, German-Italian forces launched a counter offensive in North-Africa.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1944        April 28, Exercise "Tiger" ended with 749 U.S. soldiers and sailors killed, when their D-Day landing practice was attacked by German torpedo boats off the south coast of England. The casualties were not announced until nearly two months after the Normandy invasion. Full details were not known until 1974.
    (MC, 4/28/02)(AP, 4/27/04)

1945        Apr 28, John F. Kennedy, correspondent for the Hearst Newspapers, filed his 1st dispatch on the founding of the UN in San Francisco.
    (SSFC, 6/26/05, p.F1)
1945        Apr 28, US 5th army reached the Swiss border.
    (MC, 4/28/02)
1945        Apr 28, British commands attacked Elbe and occupied Lauenburg.
    (MC, 4/28/02)
1945        Apr 28, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed by Italian partisans as they attempted to flee the country. In 1961 Charles F. Delzell, a historian at Vanderbilt Univ., wrote "Mussolini's Enemies: The Italian Anti-Fascist Resistance.” In 2005 R.J.B. Bosworth authored ”Mussolini’s Italy.” In 2007 Philip Morgan authored “The Fall of Mussolini. In 2009 the diaries of Clara Petacci were published as a book.
    (AP, 4/28/97)(SFC, 9/21/99, p.E4)(Econ, 10/8/05, p.92)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.89)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.55)

1946        Apr 28, Allies indicted Hideki Tojo, former premier and war minister of Japan, with 55 counts of war crimes. The International Military Tribunal for the Far East meted out justice to Japanese war criminals at locations throughout Asia.
    (AP, 11/12/97)(HN, 4/28/98)
1946        Apr 28, Kazue Katz became the 1st Japanese woman to marry an American following WW II. Her marriage to Sgt. Frederick Katz in Tokyo required 29 endorsements.
    (SFC, 12/9/05, p.F6)
1946        Apr 28, Domenico Leccisi (d.2008 at 88) and 2 other Italians marked the first anniversary of the death of Mussolini by digging up his body in a Milan cemetery. They passed the body to 2 monks, who buried it in a nearby monastery. The theft sparked a nationwide manhunt for the group. The body was later returned for burial in Predappio, Mussolini’s birthplace.
    (SFC, 11/5/08, p.B15)

1947        Apr 28, Norwegian anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl (d.2002) and five others sailed from Peru aboard a balsa wood raft named the Kon-Tiki on a 101-day, 4,300 nautical mile journey across the Pacific Ocean to Polynesia. They wanted to prove that Peruvian Indians could have settled in Polynesia. Heyerdahl published “Kon-Tiki” in 1950.
    (AP, 4/28/97)(WSJ, 5/22/97, p.A13)(HN, 4/28/99)(SFC, 4/19/02, p.A2)

1952        Apr 28, War with Japan officially ended as a treaty that had been signed by the United States and 47 other countries took effect. Japan regained independence. The government immediately revoked Japanese nationality from ethnic Koreans, called zainichi. Those loyal to north Korea were called Soren and those loyal to South Korea were called Mindan.
    (AP, 4/28/00)(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 216)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.40)
1952        Apr 28, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower stepped down to run for President.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1953        Apr 28, French troops evacuated northern Laos.
    (HN, 4/28/98)

1956        Apr 28, Last French troops left Vietnam.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1958        Apr 28, Vice President Richard Nixon and his wife, Pat, began a goodwill tour of Latin America that was marred by hostile mobs in Lima, Peru, and Caracas, Venezuela.
    (AP, 4/28/99)
1958        Apr 28, The United States conducted the first of 35 nuclear test explosions in the Pacific Proving Ground as part of Operation Hardtack I.
    (AP, 4/28/08)

1959        Apr 28, Organization of American States voted unanimously to send a commission to Panama.
    (DBD, p.824)
1959        Apr 28, Charles de Gaulle resigned as president of France.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1963        Apr 28, In the 17th Tony Awards: Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum won.
    (MC, 4/28/02)

1965        Apr 28, Barbra Streisand starred on "My Name is Barbra" special on CBS.
    (MC, 4/28/02)
1965        Apr 28, U.S. Army and Marines under US Pres. Lyndon Johnson invaded the Dominican Republic to stop a civil war. Johnson sent 22,800 troops at the urging of Thomas Mann (d.1999 at 87), a high state department official. The troops stayed until stay until Oct 1966.
    (SFC, 5/17/96, p.A-14)(HN, 4/28/98)(MC, 4/28/02)

1967        Apr 28, Heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali refused to be inducted into the Army and was stripped of his boxing title.
    (AP, 4/28/97) (HN, 4/28/98)
1967        Apr 28, Gen. William C. Westmoreland told Congress the United States "would prevail in Vietnam."
    (AP, 4/28/97)
1967        Apr 28, Lt. Col. Leo Thorsness and “backseater” Harry Johnson ejected over North Vietnam following an attack by an enemy MiG fighter. They were released along with other POWs in 1973. In Oct, 1973, Thorsness received a Medal of Honor. In 2008 he authored “Surviving Hell: A POWs Journey.”
    (WSJ, 12/30/08, p.A9)

1969        Apr 28, French President Charles de Gaulle resigned his office after a referendum on the reform of the Senate and local government failed. Alain Pohrer (1909-1996), as president of the Senate, then served as interim president for 7 weeks.
    (SFC, 12/12/96, p.C8)(AP, 4/28/97)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.86)

1970        Apr 28, The US invasion of Cambodia took place. Congress and the press learned of the invasion on April 30.
    (www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=a04242670parrotsbeak)

1971        Apr 28, The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) was established within the Dept. of Labor under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, which was passed on Dec 29, 1970. It was formed to protect workers from on-the-job injuries and illnesses.
    (www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/100.html#100.1)

1974        Apr 28, A federal jury in New York acquitted former Attorney General John Mitchell and former Commerce Secretary Maurice H. Stans of charges in connection with a secret $200,000 contribution to President Nixon's re-election campaign from financier Robert Vesco. Vesco had gained control of IOS, a mutual fund firm, and looted hundreds of millions. In 1971 he fled to the Bahamas, then Costa Rica and finally to Cuba where he was convicted in 1996 for economic crimes against the state and sentenced to 13 years in prison.
    (AP, 4/28/99)(WSJ, 7/10/02, p.A8)

1975        Apr 28, Gen. Duong Van Minh was named the interim President of South Vietnam and promised to seek reconciliation with North Vietnam. Saigon fell 2 days later.
    (SFC, 8/8/01, p.A20)

1977        Apr 28, US regulations implementing Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act were signed. Americans with physical disabilities had begun staging protests at federal buildings in San Francisco, LA and Washington DC. The SF protest grew to 150 people and lasted 25 days.
    (SFC, 5/1/97, p.A20)(http://tinyurl.com/3xje8f)
1977        Apr 28, Andreas Baader and members of Baader-Meinhof gang, also known as the "Red Army Faction," were jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany.
    (http://www.baader-meinhof.com/timeline/1977.html)
1977        Apr 28, In Italy the Red Brigades assassinated Fulvio Croce, the president of the Turin Bar Association.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ywxupv)

1979        Apr 28, Carlos Muniz Varela, a Cuban travel agent and an activist for Puerto Rico's independence, was killed in Puerto Rico.
    (AP, 3/29/06)(www.rocla.org/Actions/MunizVarela.html)

1980        Apr 28, President Carter accepted the resignation of Secretary of State Cyrus Vance (1917-2002), who had opposed the failed rescue mission aimed at freeing American hostages in Iran. The decision to proceed had been spearheaded by Zbigniev Brzeninski.
    (AP, 4/28/97)(SSFC, 1/13/02, p.A27)(SFC, 3/16/03, p.AD3)

1983        Apr 28, The nuclear powered aircraft carrier Enterprise ran aground in SF Bay and was stick for over 5 hours yards from her berth at the Alameda Naval air Station.
    (SSFC, 4/27/08, DB p.58)
1983        Apr 28, Argentine government declared all 15-30,000 "missing persons" dead from "Dirty War."
    (www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB85/)

1984        Apr 28, "La Tragedie de Carmen" closed at Beaumont Theater in NYC after 187 performances.
    (MC, 4/28/02)
1984        Apr 28, Silvia A. Warner (b.1908), New Zealand-born writer, died. Her 1958 novel “Spinster” was made into the 1961 film “Two Loves” (also known as The Spinster) starring Shirley MacLaine.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sylvia_Ashton-Warner)

1986        Apr 28, The Soviet Union informed the world of the Apr 26 nuclear disaster at Chernobyl, saying the accident damaged a reactor and that aid was being rendered to "those affected."
    (AP, 4/28/02)

1987        Apr 28, Contra rebels in Nicaragua killed Benjamin Ernest Linder (b.1959), an American engineer working on a hydroelectric project for the Sandinista government. In 2001 Joan Kruckewitt authored “The Death of Ben Linder: The Story of a North American in Sandinista Nicaragua.”
    (AP, 4/28/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Linder)

1988        Apr 28, A flight attendant was killed and 61 persons injured when part of the roof of an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 peeled back during a flight from Hilo to Honolulu.
    (AP, 4/28/98)

1989        Apr 28, President Bush announced the U.S. and Japan had concluded a deal on joint development of a new Japanese jet fighter, the FSX, despite concerns that U.S. technology secrets would be given away.
    (AP, 4/28/99)

1990        Apr 28, Anti-abortion demonstrators marched in Washington D.C.; authorities put the number of protesters at 200,000, but organizers claimed a turnout of about 700,000.
    (AP, 4/28/00)

1991        Apr 28, Anti-abortion demonstrators marched in Washington DC; authorities put the number of protesters at 200,000, but organizers claimed a turnout of about 700,000.
    (AP, 4/28/01)
1991        Apr 28, The musical “A Chorus Line” closed after 6,137 performances on Broadway.
    (AP, 4/28/01)

1992        Apr 28, President Bush and Bill Clinton won the Pennsylvania presidential primary.
    (AP, 4/28/97)
1992        Apr 28, The US Agriculture Department unveiled its pyramid-shaped recommended-diet chart that had cost nearly $1 million to develop.
    (AP, 4/28/97)

1993        Apr 28, The first "Take Our Daughters to Work Day," promoted by the New York City-based Ms. Foundation, was held to boost self-esteem of girls with invitations to a parent's workplace.
    (AP, 4/28/98)

1994        Apr 28, Former CIA official Aldrich Ames, who had betrayed U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and then Russia, pleaded guilty to espionage and tax evasion, and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.  His wife Rosario also pleaded guilty.
    (AP, 4/28/99)(MC, 4/28/02)

1995        Apr 28, In Taegu, South Korea, a gas line exploded in the middle of an intersection crowded with morning traffic, killing 101 people.
    (AP, 4/28/00)
1995        Apr 28-1995 Apr 29, In Sri Lanka Tigers used anti-aircraft missiles for the first time and downed 2 air force transport planes that killed 90 people.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)

1996        Apr 28, President Clinton gave 4 1/2 hours of videotaped testimony as a defense witness in the criminal trial of his former Whitewater business partners.
    (AP, 4/28/97)
1996        Apr 28, A lone gunman, Martin Bryant, 28, killed 35 tourists visiting a colonial prison on the Australian island of Tasmania; he was captured by police after a 12-hour standoff. He was later sentenced to 35 life terms in prison.
    (WSJ, 4/29/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 4/30/96, p. A-8)(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A22)(AP, 4/28/97)
1996        Apr 28, In Pakistan a bomb killed 40 people aboard a bus traveling home for a Muslim festival in a town southeast of Lahore. They were going home to celebrate the most sacred holiday in Islam, Eid al-Adha, the Feast of Sacrifice.
    (SFC, 5/5/96, p.T-9)
1996        Apr 28, In Taegu, South Korea, a gas line exploded in the middle of an intersection crowded with morning traffic, killing 101 people.
    (AP, 4/28/01)

1997        Apr 28, "Jekyll & Hyde" opened at Plymouth Theater NYC.
    (www.mtishows.com/show_home.asp?id=000181)
1997        Apr 28, In Philadelphia, President Clinton and three predecessors -- George Bush, Jimmy Carter and Gerald Ford -- began drafting a national army of community service volunteers during the Presidents' Summit for America's Future.
    (AP, 4/28/98)
1997        Apr 28, It was reported that a type of Mad Cow Disease was killing deer and elk in the Fort Collins region of Colorado and Wyoming. The “spongiform encephalopathies” riddled the brain with holes and it was wondered if the disease might be transmitted to humans as the fatal Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease.
    (SFC, 4/28/97, p.A5)
1997        Apr 28, It was reported that millions of tons of smog-causing pollution were being spewed from coal-burning power plants from Atlanta to Boston.
    (SFC, 4/28/97, p.A5)
1997        Apr 28, A bomb in southern Russia killed one person and injured 17 at a train station in Pyatigorsk. It was the 2nd bombing in a week and Chechen rebels were blamed.
    (WSJ, 4/29/97, p.A1)

1998        Apr 28, The US Senate opened a new round of hearings on alleged abuse and mismanagement at the Internal Revenue Service.
    (AP, 4/28/99)
1998        Apr 28, US Social Security's trustees in their annual report predicted three extra years of full pension benefits for retiring baby boomers before a potential cash shortfall in 2032.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
1998        Apr 28, A new group, the Historical Society, was announced as a back-to-basics professional organization. The American Historical Association had 15,000 members. The Organization of American Historians had 9,000 members.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.A6)
1998        Apr 28, Public Radio Inc. of SF received a NEA grant for $185,000 to create “Lost and Found Sound: An American Record.” The project will produce a series of radio programs for NPR to chronicle, reflect and celebrate the 20th century.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.E1)
1998        Apr 28, In a breakthrough for the government's tobacco investigation, cigarette maker Liggett & Myers agreed to tell prosecutors whether the industry had hidden evidence of health damage from smoking.
    (AP, 4/28/99)
1998        Apr 28, The Arizona Supreme Court struck down as unconstitutional a voter-approved law requiring English be used in official state and local business.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.A4)
1998        Apr 28, In SF Supervisor Mabel Tang announced that the Boy Scouts of America will be barred from taking part in a city charity drive due to the groups stance against admitting gays.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.A15)
1998        Apr 28, In Algeria 40 people were killed in a massacre at a village in Medea province.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.A11)
1998        Apr 28, In Iraq Americares, a US relief organization, flew in $2 million in medical supplies for 22 centers throughout the country.
    (SFC, 4/30/98, p.A10)
1998        Apr 28, In Nigeria a military tribunal sentenced 6 men to death for plotting a 1997 coup against Gen’l. Abacha. Gen’l. Oladipo Diya, former deputy head of state, maintained that he was framed by officers close to Abacha who fabricated the plot.
    (SFC, 4/29/98, p.A10)

1999        Apr 28, The US House voted 249-180 that congressional approval would be required to send troops to Yugoslavia. A Democratic resolution supporting NATO air strikes tied 213-213.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 4/29/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 28, The US announced that it would allow US firms to sell food and medicine to Iran, Sudan and Libya.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.A3)
1999        Apr 28, San Francisco-based McKesson Corp. announced irregularities in the books of its newly acquired HBO & Co. The stock plunged 48%. The January merger had cost McKesson $13.9 billion.
    (SFC, 10/17/03, p.B4)(SFC, 6/19/12, p.D1)
1999        Apr 28, Rory Calhoun (76), Western film star, died in Burbank, Calif., from emphysema and diabetes. He starred in the 1950s TV series "The Texan."
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.D6)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0001983/)
1999        Apr 28, In Canada a 14-year-old boy shot 2 17-year-olds and killed one at W.R. Myers High School in Taber, Alberta. Jason Lang was killed and Shane Christmas was seriously wounded.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.A16)(SFC, 4/29/99, p.D4)
1999        Apr 28, The IMF reached a preliminary agreement with Russia for a $4.5 billion, that would not go to Russia but work as an accounting measure to prevent default on money already owed.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.C5)
1999        Apr 28, The 124-member Palestine Central Council decided not to declare a Palestinian state on May 4, and that deliberations would continue till after Israel's May 17 elections. In exchange Arafat won EU backing for a state within a year and the support of Pres. Clinton for self-determination.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.C2)(WSJ, 4/30/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 28, In Peru labor unions staged a nation-wide strike to protest stagnant living standards.
    (WSJ, 4/29/99, p.A1)
1999        Apr 28, Yugoslav Pres. Milosevic fired Deputy Prime Minister Vuk Draskovic.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.A14)
1999        Apr 28, In Korenica, Kosovo, Serb forces retaliated for an ambush and executed every man over 16 that they could find. 155 unarmed men, women and children were killed.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.A12)
1999        Apr 28, In eastern Congo Gov. Kanyamuhanga Gafunzi ordered 100,000 Rwandan refugees in Kivu province to go home within 15 days for supporting Hutu rebels.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.D8)
1999        Apr 28, The UN Human Rights Commission voted in favor of a worldwide moratorium on executions over the objections of fewer than a dozen countries that included the US, China, Rwanda and Sudan.
    (SFC, 4/29/99, p.C16)

2000        Apr 28, In a sharp repudiation of President Clinton’s policies, the House rejected, on a tie vote of 213-to-213, a measure expressing support for NATO’s five-week-old air campaign against Yugoslavia; the House also voted 249-to-180 to limit the president’s authority to use ground forces in Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 4/28/01)
2000        Apr 28, The US Justice Dept. and 17 states filed to split Microsoft Corp. into 2 corporations.
    (SFC, 4/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 28, In Florida William O’Brien, the Miami police chief, resigned after Mayor Joe Carollo fired Donald Warshaw, the city manager, who refused to fire O’Brien. O’Brien did not alert the mayor to the federal action in the Elian Gonzalez seizure.
    (SFC, 4/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Apr 28, In Pennsylvania Richard Baumhammers (34) shot and killed 5 people in a racially motivated shooting spree in McKees Rocks. He was sentenced to death in 2001.
    (SFC, 4/29/00, p.A3)(BS, 5/12/01, p.3A)
2000        Apr 28, English writer Penelope Fitzgerald (b.1916) died. In 2012, The Observer named her final novel, The Blue Flower (1995), as one of "the ten best historical novels." In 2013 Hermione Lee authored “Penelope Fitzgerald: A Life.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penelope_Fitzgerald)(Econ, 11/2/13, p.91)
2000        Apr 28, In southern Lebanon guerrillas attacked the Aramta outpost with a car bomb and killed 3-4 Israeli-allied militiamen.
    (SFC, 4/28/00, p.A19)(SFC, 4/29/00, p.A14)
2000        Apr 28, In the Philippines government troops on Basilan Island gained control of the rebel stronghold after week of fighting that left 6 soldiers were dead and 32 wounded. No hostages were recovered.
    (SFC, 4/29/00, p.A12)

2001        Apr 28, It was reported that the CIA had released some 10,000 pages of documents on 20 Nazis that included Hitler, Eichmann, Mengele, Barbie, Mueller, Waldheim and Hoettl.
    (SFC, 4/28/01, p.A10)
2001        Apr 28, It was reported that researchers at the Univ. of Pennsylvania had used gene therapy to reverse a form of congenital blindness in dogs.
    (SFC, 4/28/01, p.A3)
2001        Apr 28, A young girl’s decapitated body was found near an intersection in Kansas City, Mo. In 2005 “Precious Doe” was identified as Erica Michelle Marie Green. Her mother and stepfather were charged with murder. In 2009 a park was dedicated in her honor.
    (SFC, 5/6/05, p.A7)(SSFC, 4/26/09, p.A7)
2001        Apr 28, In Argentina a plane crash killed 10 people near Roque Perez.
    (WSJ, 4/30/01, p.A1)
2001        Apr 28, Shimon Peres, Israel’s foreign minister, traveled to Cairo to discuss objections to the Jordanian-Egyptian Middle East peace initiative.
    (SFC, 4/28/01, p.A12)
2001        Apr 28, In Gaza mortar shells hit a Jewish settlement and 5 teenagers were injured.
    (SSFC, 4/29/01, p.A16)
2001        Apr 28, In Macedonia 8 government soldiers and police were killed by rebels near the Kosovo border.
    (SFC, 4/30/01, p.A8)
2001        Apr 28, In Mexico the Congress approved broad constitutional reforms granting autonomy and other rights to millions of indigenous people.
    (SSFC, 4/29/01, p.A16)
2001        Apr 28, A Russian Soyuz rocket lifted off for the Int’l. Space Station with two cosmonauts and California businessman Dennis Tito (60), who paid some $20 million, for the experience. Tito was the founder of the Wilshire Associates investment firm.
    (SSFC, 4/29/01, p.A15)(AP, 4/28/02)
2001        Apr 28, In Senegal legislative elections were held and a soldier and 4 others were killed in the Casamance region.
    (WSJ, 4/30/01, p.A1)

2002        Apr 28, US Sec. of Defense Rumsfeld visited Pres. Niyazov in Turkmenistan and Pres. Nazarbayev in Kazakhstan.
    (SFC, 4/29/02, p.A9)
2002        Apr 28, Bernard J. Ebbers (60), CEO of WorldCom Inc., resigned as the stock dropped to 2.35 from a high of 64.5 in June 1999.
    (WSJ, 4/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 28, Storms hit the Ohio and Tennessee valleys with tornadoes in Missouri and Maryland. At least 6 people were killed.
    (SFC, 4/29/02, p.A3)(WSJ, 4/30/02, p.A1)(AP, 4/28/07)
2002        Apr 28, China’s VP Hu Jintao (59), heir apparent, rang the bell at the NY Stock Exchange and viewed ground zero.
    (WSJ, 4/30/02, p.A1)
2002        Apr 28, In Indonesia a mob stabbed and burned to death 14 Christians in the village of Soya on the outskirts of Ambon. The Muslim militia Laskar Jihad was blamed.
    (SSFC, 4/28/02, p.A19)(SFC, 4/29/02, p.A5)
2002        Apr 28, General Murat Zyazikov was elected president of Ingushetia, replacing military commander Ruslan Aushev.
    (www.nupi.no/cgi-win/Russland/krono.exe?5105)(Econ, 11/29/08, SR p.16)
2002        Apr 28, The Israeli Cabinet approved a deal to lift the siege of Arafat’s compound in Ramallah after promises that US and British jailers would guard the terrorist suspects held there. The Cabinet refused to allow a UN team to investigate charges of a massacre at Jenin. Israeli troops had surrounded the compound in Ramallah demanding Arafat turn over the six men who had sought refuge inside. Five of the men, including Ahmad Saadat, leader of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, were implicated in the 2001 assassination of Israeli Tourism Minister Rehavam Zeevi. The sixth, Fuad Shobaki, masterminded an illegal weapons shipment to the Palestinian Authority on a ship called the Karine A. President Bush brokered a deal with Israeli PM Ariel Sharon that sent the six men to a Palestinian prison in Jericho, where they were guarded by US and British monitors. In return, Israeli troops pulled back from Arafat's West Bank compound.
    (SFC, 4/29/02, p.A1)(AP, 3/15/06)
2002        Apr 28, In Russia Alexander I. Lebed (52), governor of Krasnoyarsk, was killed in a helicopter crash with 6 others at Abakan, 200 miles from Mongolia. Gen. Lebed was instrumental in helping Yeltsin retain power in 1991.
    (SFC, 4/29/02, p.B8)
2002        Apr 28, A bomb killed 7 people in a Russian provincial town near Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 4/29/02, p.A1)

2003        Apr 28, US soldiers opened fire on Iraqis at a nighttime demonstration against the American presence here after people shot at them with automatic rifles. The director of the local hospital said 13 people were killed and 75 injured. Amer Mohammed Rashid (6 of spades), known to UN weapons inspectors as the "Missile Man" and ranked 47th on the US most-wanted list of 55 members of Saddam's inner circle, surrendered.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 28, The US moved an air operation center from Saudi Arabia to Qatar.
    (AP, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 28, The United States pledged $4 million to help keep peacekeepers in the Ivory Coast in addition to the $5 million it has already given to ECOWAS.
    (AP, 4/30/03)
2003        Apr 28, Ten of the largest US Wall Street firms agreed to pay $1.4 billion to settle government charges involving abuse of investors during the late 1990s. Details of the settlement, which called for one of the largest penalties ever levied by securities regulators, will change the way major investment firms do business.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, A1)
2003        Apr 28, In San Francisco Steve Jobs raised the curtain on the iTunes Music store.
    (SSFC, 4/28/13, p.D1)
2003        Apr 28, An environmental group reported that chemical perchlorate, the explosive ingredient in rocket fuel, was found in samples of lettuce traced to growers in southern California or Arizona. The Bush administration had already imposed a gag order on the EPA from publicly discussing perchlorate pollution.
    (SFC, 4/28/03, A1)(WSJ, 4/28/03, A3)
2003        Apr 28, Scientists reported the discovery of a type of mouse that appears to the have a genetic resistance to cancer.
    (Reuters, 4/29/03)
2003        Apr 28, In Colombia Rafael Rojas, a 20-year veteran of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the commander of the group's 46th Front, surrendered and urged his former comrades to do the same.
    (AP, 4/28/03)
2003        Apr 28, On Saddam Hussein's 66th birthday, some 300 prominent Iraqis met in Baghdad under US direction to convene a national conference to create an interim government.
    (SFC, 4/29/03, A1)(AP, 4/28/04)
2003        Apr 28, Japan’s Nikkei 225 stock prices hit bottom more than a decade after they first started falling.
    (Econ, 10/18/08, p.86)(http://tinyurl.com/6d5bz8)
2003        Apr 28, The Soyuz space capsule carrying a U.S.-Russian space crew docked with the international space station.
    (AP, 4/28/04)
2003        Apr 28, Ukraine's Pres. Leonid Kuchma signed a bill prohibiting media censorship amid claims by journalists that his administration is meddling in their work.
    (AP, 4/28/03)

2004        Apr 28, The US monetary policy subcommittee approved a bill to put the faces of US presidents on new dollar coins.
    (SFC, 4/29/04, p.C3)
2004        Apr 28, CBS broadcast photos on “60 Minutes” showing US abuse of prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison.
    (SFC, 5/6/04, p.A17)
2004        Apr 28, In Colombia a construction crew's backhoe tumbled down a hillside onto a school bus on the highway below, killing 21 children and two adults and injuring 36 others.
    (AP, 4/29/04)
2004        Apr 28, The Dian Fossey fund reported that the lowland gorilla population in eastern Congo has dropped over 70% since 1994 due to human warfare.
    (WSJ, 4/29/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 28, Masked demonstrators stormed the main cathedral in El Salvador's capital and demanded the country's new president withdraw troops from Iraq and rehire dozens of fired government employees.
    (AP, 4/29/04)
2004        Apr 28, Iran's Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi ordered a ban on the use of torture for obtaining confessions.
    (SFC, 4/29/04, p.A3)
2004        Apr 28, In Iraq a series of explosions and gunfire rocked Fallujah in new fighting the day after a heavy battle in which U.S. warplanes and artillery pounded the city in a show of force against Sunni insurgents. Elsewhere 1 US and 2 Ukrainian soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 4/28/04)(WSJ, 4/29/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 28, Macedonians chose between a liberal prime minister and a nationalist candidate in presidential elections. Front-runner Branko Crvenkovski, the current PM, and right-wing opposition politician Sasko Kedev, a U.S.-educated doctor with little political background, competed in the runoff election for the mostly ceremonial post. Oremier Crvenkovski claimed victory and Kedev claimed fraud.
    (AP, 4/28/04)(WSJ, 4/29/04, p.A1)
2004        Apr 28, The six nations involved in resolving the North Korea nuclear arsenal dispute — the United States, China, the two Koreas, Russia and Japan —scheduled to begin working level talks May 12 in Beijing, China.
    (AP, 4/29/04)
2004        Apr 28, Pakistan said it will reduce the size of its army by 50,000, but military officials said this 1st reduction in its 57-year history men will not hurt fighting strength.
    (AP, 4/28/04)
2004        Apr 28, A Spanish judge indicted Amer Azizi, a Moroccan fugitive, on charges of helping to plan the Sept. 11 hijackings.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2004        Apr 28, In Thailand police gunned down machete-wielding militants who stormed security outposts in Thailand's Muslim-dominated south, killing at least 112 people. The 16th century Krue-sae Mosque was damaged by soldiers who fired automatic weapons, tear gas and grenades at it and killed 32 suspected Islamic insurgents.
    (AP, 4/28/04)
2004        Apr 28, The UN Security Council unanimously approved Resolution 1540 requiring all 191 UN states to pass laws to keep weapons of mass destruction out of the hands of terrorists.
    (AP, 4/29/04)(www.nti.org/f_WMD411/f2n.html)

2005        Apr 28, Pres. Bush endorsed changes to Social Security that would cut benefits for future middle-class and wealthy retirees, while raising retirement checks for the poor.
    (SFC, 4/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 28, A military jury at Fort Bragg, N.C., sentenced Sgt. Hasan Akbar to death for the 2003 murders of two officers in Kuwait.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2005        Apr 28, More than 100 volunteers joined police in Duluth, Ga., in searching for Jennifer Wilbanks, a bride-to-be who had vanished two days earlier. Wilbanks turned up in Albuquerque, N.M., having run away on her own.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2005        Apr 28, Steve Wynn opened the new $2.7 billion Wynn Las Vegas casino-resort.
    (SFC, 4/29/05, p.A3)
2005        Apr 28, Scientists reported that deep ocean readings promised a steadily warming world and attributed global warming to human activity.
    (SFC, 4/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Apr 28, Percy Heath (81), bassist and last surviving member of the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ), died in Southampton, NY.
    (SFC, 4/30/05, p.B4)
2005        Apr 28, India’s central bank raised its key interest rate to 5% to stem inflation.
    (WSJ, 4/29/05, p.A15)
2005        Apr 28, Indian troops shot dead four Muslim rebels who infiltrated into Indian Kashmir from the Pakistani-zone of the divided state.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 28, Premier Silvio Berlusconi's new government won approval from the Italian Senate, ending a government crisis that followed an embarrassing defeat in regional elections.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2005        Apr 28, In Iraq Ahmad Chalabi captured a key position in the new government, a deputy prime minister's spot and temporary control of the lucrative oil ministry.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2005        Apr 28, Lt. Col. Ala'a Khalil Ibrahim, who worked in the visa section of the Interior Ministry, was shot dead on the way to work by gunmen in Baghdad's eastern section of al-Shaab. A suicide car bomb exploded near an Iraqi army checkpoint, wounding four Iraqi soldiers, three U.S. soldiers and seven Iraqi civilians.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2005        Apr 28, Four US soldiers were killed and two wounded when a Task Force Freedom convoy was hit by a roadside bomb in Tal Afar city, 90 miles east of the Syrian border.
    (AP, 4/30/05)
2005        Apr 28, Islamic militant group Army of Ansar al-Sunna said it shot dead six abducted Sudanese drivers working for U.S. forces in Iraq, according to a video posted on the Internet.
    (AP, 4/28/05)
2005        Apr 28, A twin-engine army plane slammed nose-first into Peru's southern desert coast, killing all 13 people aboard.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 28, A military helicopter crashed into a wooded ravine on a northern Philippine mountain, killing all nine people on board.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 28, Dharmeratnam Sivaram (46), a top Tamil journalist whose articles favored the mainstream Tamil rebels over a breakaway faction, was fatally shot hours after being seized by attackers at a restaurant in Colombo.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 28, The African Union agreed to more than triple the size of its peacekeeping force in Sudan's western Darfur region.
    (AP, 4/29/05)
2005        Apr 28, Swiss engineers blasted through the final four yards of rock to complete the bore of the first of two deep rail tunnels under the Swiss Alps linking north and south Europe. The 21-mile Loetschberg tunnel, part of a massive construction project to move heavy European Union trucks off Switzerland's narrow highways and onto transport trains, will shorten the travel time between Germany and Milan, Italy, by an hour.
    (AP, 4/28/05)

2006        Apr 28, President George W. Bush approved Dubai's $1.24 billion takeover of Doncasters, a British engineering company with US plants that supply the Pentagon.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, Five member of US Congress were willingly arrested and led away from the Sudanese Embassy in plastic handcuffs after protesting the Sudanese government's alleged role in atrocities in the Darfur region.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, The US government adopted a federal advisory council’s recommendations for deep cuts to the 2006 salmon season for California and Oregon.
    (SFC, 4/29/06, p.B1)
2006        Apr 28, Attorneys for Rush Limbaugh, who had been accused by Florida prosecutors of "doctor shopping" for painkillers, announced a deal under which a single prescription fraud charge against the talk show host would be dismissed after 18 months provided he stayed drug-free and did not violate any laws.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2006        Apr 28, Storms battered eastern Texas with wind up to 100 mph and hail the size of baseballs.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2006        Apr 28, Rhode Island, America's smallest state, was reported to be seeking to become the first state to offer a wireless broadband network from border to border. The Rhode Island Wireless Innovation Networks (RI-WINs) was expected to be fully in place by 2007, providing wireless connectivity throughout the state, whose land mass of about 1,045 square miles is only slightly more than double the size of metropolitan Los Angeles.
    (Reuters, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, Ellen DeGeneres swept the Daytime Emmy awards, winning best talk show host for the second time and earning talk show honors for the third consecutive year.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2006        Apr 28, It was reported that a research team at UC Berkeley had created microscopic versions of compound eyes as used by insects.
    (SFC, 4/28/06, p.B1)
2006        Apr 28, NASA launched 2 weather satellites designed to provide the 1st 3-D views of Earth’s clouds and help predict how cloud cover contributes to global warming.
    (SFC, 4/29/06, p.A10)
2006        Apr 28, Afghan President Hamid Karzai urged Taliban militants to end the violence raging across the country and join forces with the new government to help Afghanistan's reconstruction. NATO foreign ministers reaffirmed the alliance's readiness to nearly double its peacekeeping operations in Afghanistan, where violence is increasing.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, In Brazil police charged Antonio Palocci, a former finance minister, with four crimes, including money laundering. He was viewed as the architect of Brazil's economic recovery.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, Prince Harry, third in line to the British throne, launched a charity in memory of his late mother Princess Diana to help AIDS orphans in Lesotho.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, In Bulgaria Secretary Rice signed a Defense Cooperation Agreement, which included a US lease of 3 bases in Bulgaria.
    (www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/pix/2006/65423.htm)(Econ, 6/24/06, p.62)
2006        Apr 28, Canadian currency topped out at C$1.1162 to the US dollar, or 89.59 US cents, its highest level since June 1978, rising for the sixth straight session.
    (Reuters, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, Chinese President Hu Jintao signed an oil exploration contract with Kenya, the latest in a series of deals designed to keep Africa's natural resources flowing to China's booming economy.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, It was reported Baiyangdian Lake in northern China's Hebei province was choking for its life. Large-scale fish deaths have occurred regularly since the 1980s as excessive amounts of untreated industrial waste water and raw sewage, coupled with drought and constantly falling water levels, have left fish farms decimated.
    (AFP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, Representatives of the Colombian government and that nation's second largest rebel group wrapped up four days of talks in Cuba without resolution, but agreed to meet again after their country's May 28 elections.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, A cargo plane carrying telecom equipment crashed in eastern Congo, killing as many as eight passengers and crew on board. Another aircraft carrying three people disappeared in the same region.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, In East Timor hundreds of former soldiers burned cars and shops in Dili, sparking violent clashes with police that left at least two people dead and 27 injured. The soldiers, who were dismissed last month for striking against "discriminatory" working conditions, have held near-daily rallies in Dili this week demanding that their grievances be heard.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, US forces killed a local al-Qaida in Iraq leader and two other insurgents in a raid north of Baghdad. Roadside bombs killed an American soldier and an Iraqi policeman. The death toll in two days of fighting in Baqouba climbed to 58, including seven Iraqi soldiers.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, A senior Israeli military official said Palestinian militants have smuggled dozens of Katyusha rockets into the Gaza Strip, potentially threatening towns well inside Israel.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, Mexican lawmakers approved a bill that would allow people to possess small amounts of cocaine, heroin, even ecstasy for their personal use.
    (AP, 4/29/06)
2006        Apr 28, Mexican police in Tijuana found the body of a US citizen kidnapped nearly 3 weeks earlier. They said he had been beaten, strangled, stripped naked and stashed in the trunk of a car. George Kwok Choi Chu, a seafood wholesaler, worked in Tijuana but lived across the border in San Diego.
    (AP, 4/29/06)
2006        Apr 28, It was reported that Morocco has just graduated its first team of women preachers to be deployed as a vanguard in the kingdom's fight against any slide towards Islamic extremism. A pioneer group of 50 Morchidat, or guides, finished a 12-month course in early April. They were trained to "accompany and orient" Muslim faithful, notably in prisons, hospitals and schools.
    (AFP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, Nepal's Parliament reconvened for the first time in four years, and legislators proposed a cease-fire with the Himalayan country's Maoist rebels and elections for a constitutional assembly.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, More than 45,000 Puerto Ricans marched through the streets of San Juan demanding politicians resolve a budget impasse that could lead to a government shutdown next week.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, In South Korea prosecutors arrested Hyundai Motor Co. Chairman Chung Mong-koo in an embezzlement and slush fund scandal.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, The UN food agency said it is cutting rations in half for about 3 million refugees in Sudan's war-ravaged Darfur region because of a shortage of money, calling it "scandalous" that it has to stretch out supplies while it pleads for funds.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, A powerful group of developing nations blocked reform proposals that would have given Secretary-General Kofi Annan more budget power, and rich countries warned the move could push the world body toward financial crisis.
    (AP, 4/28/06)
2006        Apr 28, An official said Vietnam needs more than $400 million to fight bird flu and prepare for a potential pandemic over the next five years, and expects about half to come from international donors.
    (AP, 4/28/06)

2007        Apr 28, Actors and musicians including Elton John, George Clooney, Bob Geldof and Mick Jagger called on world leaders to take "decisive action" over atrocities in Darfur. Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi urged African, Arab and Western diplomats to work with Sudanese rebels to find an immediate solution to the crisis in Sudan's troubled Darfur region.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 28, Richard Holbrooke, the former US ambassador to the UN, said Afghanistan's US-backed government, tarnished by corruption and unable to control large swaths of its own territory, is rapidly losing the support of ordinary Afghans.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 28, Dabbs Greer, character actor, died at age 90.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2007        Apr 28, Tommy Newsom, "Tonight Show" assistant conductor, died at age 78.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2007        Apr 28, Lou Papan (78), long-time California state assemblyman for San Mateo County, died. Papan had started his political career as a Daly City councilman.
    (SFC, 5/1/07, p.B5)
2007        Apr 28, The Taliban freed a female French aid worker who was kidnapped more than three weeks ago, but demanded the withdrawal of French troops or release of prisoners for the freedom of a French man and three Afghans still being held. Afghan and coalition forces clashed with Taliban militants in separate incidents in the east and south, killing 21 insurgents.
    (AFP, 4/28/07)(AP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 28, Australia's centre-left Labor Party scrapped its 25-year ban on new uranium mines in a move miners said would encourage new investment and growth in the industry.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 28, China's president called for closer business ties with Taiwan to help squelch the self-ruled island's pro-independence movement as he met with a former Taiwanese opposition leader.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 28, China's ZTE signed a $200 million deal with Ethiopia's state-owned Telecom Corp.
    (AFP, 4/30/07)
2007        Apr 28, In Estonia minority Russian youths angry over the government's decision to remove a Soviet war memorial from Tallinn rioted for a second night, with unrest spreading to at least two other towns. 66 people were injured in the capital, including six policemen. More than 500 people, many of them adolescents, were detained overnight as vandals prowled the streets, breaking shop windows and looting stores.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 28, Guyana police found the remains of a an elderly woman who was lynched by a crowd of villagers. She had been accused of being an “Old Higue,” an evil spirit who drinks the blood of human babies.
    (AP, 4/30/07)
2007        Apr 28, It was reported that pro-Indonesian militias had regrouped in the mountainous center of Aceh as the Communication Forum for Children of the Nation (Forkab).
    (Econ, 4/28/07, p.47)
2007        Apr 28, A parked car exploded near one of Shiite Islam's holiest shrines in the city of Karbala as people were headed to the area for evening prayers, killing 68 people and wounding dozens. In Baghdad gunmen opened fire on a vehicle in a Sunni-Shiite neighborhood, killing 4 of 7 people aboard. In western Baghdad, two mortar shells hit another residential area of poor, two-story homes, killing 3 Iraqi children, between the ages of 5 and 7, and wounding 10 Iraqis, including 3 children. US forces detained 17 suspected insurgents in raids targeting al-Qaida in Iraq. The Danish military announced that it has sent an unspecified number of special forces to Iraq to reinforce its 460-strong contingent near the southern city of Basra. A US soldier was slain by small arms fire during a patrol in eastern Baghdad.
    (AP, 4/28/07)(AP, 4/29/07)(AP, 4/30/07)
2007        Apr 28, Israeli troops killed at least three Hamas militants who were en route to carrying out an attack.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 28, In Jamaica the 7-week, 1st Cricket World Cup ended with Australia defeating Sri Lanka.
    (Econ, 5/5/07, p.48)
2007        Apr 28, The 1st round of the Mali presidential election garnered a turnout of around 36%. Incumbent President Amadou Toumani Toure (59), one of 8 candidates, was widely expected to win a second term. General Amadou Toumani Toure and Soumaila Cisse, candidate for the ruling party Adema, faced each other for the 2nd round.
    (AFP, 5/6/07)(http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/1982814.stm)
2007        Apr 28, In Nigeria ballot papers were stolen and voters intimidated as polls were re-staged for hundreds of state and federal legislators' seats after elections widely condemned as fraudulent. Oil officials said Nigeria is currently losing 600,000 barrels of oil per day in the oil rich Niger Delta as a result of the activities of militants in the region.
    (AP, 4/28/07)(AFP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 28, In northwest Pakistan a suicide attacker detonated a bomb as Aftab Khan Sherpao, the interior minister, finished speaking at a public meeting, killing 28 people and wounding the official. Saud Memon (44), a suspect in the death of WSJ reporter Daniel Pearl, was dumped, badly injured and weighing less than 80 pounds, in front of his Karachi home. He had been secretly detained and interrogated by US and Pakistani intelligence.
    (Reuters, 4/28/07)(AP, 4/29/07)(WSJ, 11/12/07, p.A3)
2007        Apr 28, A Philippine air force helicopter crashed on a busy street in Lapu Lapu City, Cebu Island, pinning a motorcycle taxi and hitting another with its spinning rotors. At least 9 people on the ground and one airman were killed. Norberto Linao Jr., the mayor of Morong town in Bataan province, escaped injury after assailants sprayed his house with gunfire.
    (AFP, 4/28/07)(AP, 4/30/07)
2007        Apr 28, Turkey's Islamist-rooted government called the army to order, saying it is answerable to the civilian authority, after the military threatened action to defend the country's secular system.
    (AP, 4/28/07)
2007        Apr 28, President Hugo Chavez said that Venezuela is ready to become the sole energy supplier to Cuba, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Haiti, presenting the countries with his most generous offer yet of oil-funded diplomacy in the region.
    (AP, 4/29/07)
2007        Apr 28, Zimbabwe announced new controls to clamp down on charities and other humanitarian organizations, including democracy and human rights groups that the government accuses of campaigning against it. A state daily reported that Zimbabwe has compensated 800 white farmers for property seized during controversial land reforms launched by President Robert Mugabe's government.
    (AP, 4/28/07)

2008        Apr 28, The US Supreme Court upheld Indian’s voter-ID law, passed in 2005. It ruled that states can require voters to produce photo identification without violating their constitutional rights, validating Republican-inspired voter ID laws.
    (AP, 4/28/08)(WSJ, 4/29/08, p.A1)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.40)
2008        Apr 28, The IRS began depositing tax-rebate checks in thousands of bank accounts as the US stimulus program began early.
    (WSJ, 4/29/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 28, In Washington truck drivers honked horns, waved placards and shouted through bullhorns at the Capitol to protest rising fuel prices they say are hurting their livelihood.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 28, In Oakland, Ca., a jury convicted Hans Reiser, a computer programmer, of 1st degree murder in the death his wife Nina Reiser, even though her body has not been found.
    (SFC, 4/29/08, p.A1)
2008        Apr 28, In South Carolina the new 140-acre Hard Rock Park opened for business in Myrtle Beach. The official opening was set for May 9. The park closed in September. On Jan 6, 2009, a Delaware court approved a request the company to begin liquidating. Private investors had put up some $75 million for the them park and raised another $320 million in debt to fund the operation.
    (WSJ, 1/7/09, p.B1)(www.oceancreek.com/blog/hard-rock-park/2008/04/)
2008        Apr 28, In southeast Virginia 6 destructive tornadoes resulted in much devastation and over 200 injuries but no deaths. Gov. Timothy Kaine declared a state of emergency in the hardest hit areas.
    (AP, 4/29/08)(SFC, 4/30/08, p.A3)
2008        Apr 28, In Australia police in Perth arrested Robert Agius (58) on charges of running a money laundering scheme that helped clients avoid taxes by transferring $93 million through offshore bank accounts.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, In China a policeman and a Tibetan activist were killed following a raid against ethnic Tibetans in Qinghai province.
    (WSJ, 5/1/08, p.A11)
2008        Apr 28, In eastern China a high-speed passenger train jumped its tracks and slammed into another train, killing 72 people and injuring 416 in China's worst train accident in a decade.
    (AP, 4/28/08)(AP, 7/24/11)
2008        Apr 28, Egypt’s official MENA news agency reported that PM Ahmed Nazif has urged anyone who can resolve the nationwide problem of price rises to come forward with ideas.
    (AFP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, In Indonesia hundreds of protesters in West Java province chanted "Kill, kill" and set fire to a mosque belonging to the Muslim Ahmadiyah sect they claim is heretical. Last week, a team of prosecutors, religious scholars and government officials said the sect "had deviated from Islamic principles" and recommended it be outlawed.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, Iran and Russia discussed the outlines of "serious proposals" aimed at assuring the international community that Tehran's nuclear program is peaceful, state media reported.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, Shiite extremists lobbed more rockets or mortar shells at the US protected Green Zone. A suicide attacker on a motorcycle struck a checkpoint manned by US-allied Sunni fighters in eastern Baghdad, killing at least one and wounding four other members of the awakening council. Gunmen killed a local commander of al-Sadr, Ali Ghalib, in Basra. US soldiers killed 7 extremists in Sadr City after coming under small arms fire. 4 US soldiers were killed in Baghdad by rocket or mortar fire.
    (AP, 4/28/08)(SFC, 4/29/08, p.A5)
2008        Apr 28, An Israeli tank shell slammed into a tiny Gaza Strip home during a skirmish with gunmen, killing a Palestinian woman and four of her children as they prepared to sit down for breakfast. A militant and an unidentified man were also killed in fighting in Beit Hanoun, a northern border town frequently used by militants to fire rockets and mortars at southern Israel.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, Residents of Rome elected Gianni Alemanno, the Italian capital's first right-wing mayor since World War II. He took 53.6 percent of the vote to 46.3 percent for Francesco Rutelli, a former two-time center-left Rome mayor.
    (AP, 4/29/08)(Econ, 5/3/08, p.61)
2008        Apr 28, In Morocco 3 people burned to death in a factory fire in Casablanca.
    (AFP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 28, Baitullah Mehsud, a Pakistani Taliban commander, pulled out of a peace deal with the government after it refused to withdraw the army from tribal lands on the Afghan border.
    (Reuters, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, Russia ordered two American military attaches at the US Embassy in Moscow to leave the country following the expulsion of a pair of Russian diplomats from Washington. One Russian military officer was ordered to leave Washington in November last year. The second was ordered to leave on April 22.
    (AP, 5/8/08)
2008        Apr 28, Sri Lanka hailed Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's visit as an important step in cementing closer ties between the two nations.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, A Ukrainian helicopter crashed onto an offshore drilling platform in the Black Sea, killing all 20 people on board.
    (Reuters, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, Officials said Vietnam is ending a child adoption agreement with the United States after being accused of allowing baby-selling and corruption.
    (AP, 4/28/08)
2008        Apr 28, The Olympic torch arrived in Vietnam from North Korea, where tens of thousands of citizens were mobilized to celebrate the relay in Pyongyang in the flame's first visit to the authoritarian nation.
    (AP, 4/29/08)
2008        Apr 28, Lawyers in Zimbabwe appealed for the release of some 200 jailed opposition activists as officials defied pressure from the West to release the results of last month's presidential election.
    (AP, 4/28/08)

2009        Apr 28, World health officials raised a global alert to an unprecedented level as swine flu was blamed for more deaths in Mexico and the epidemic crossed new borders, with the first cases confirmed in the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific regions.
    (AP, 4/28/09)
2009        Apr 28, Veteran Republican Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania switched parties with a suddenness that seemed to stun the Senate, a moderate's defection that pushed Democrats to within a vote of the 60 needed to overcome filibusters and enact President Barack Obama's top legislative priorities.
    (AP, 4/29/09)
2009        Apr 28, The US Supreme Court upheld an FCC rule penalizing broadcasters for isolated utterances of expletives before 10 pm.
    (WSJ, 4/28/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 28, In California a charter bus carrying French tourists overturned near Soledad killing at least 5 people.
    (SFC, 4/29/09, p.B1)
2009        Apr 28, Ursula Askham Fanthorpe (b.1929), a highly regarded English poet, died near her home in Wotton-under-Edge in western England. She was first inspired by the human tragedy she saw in a neurological hospital.
    (AP, 5/1/09)
2009        Apr 28, In eastern China police freed a total of 32 people in a raid on kilns located on the outskirts of the city of Jieshou in Anhui province. Police later arrested 10 men for allegedly enslaving mentally handicapped people who were forced to work at brick kilns and endure beatings.
    (AP, 5/22/09)
2009        Apr 28, An EU court ruled that judges in Cyprus can compel the return of land seized after the 1974 Turkish invasion.
    (WSJ, 4/28/09, p.A1)
2009        Apr 28, An Indonesian court sentenced a Singaporean man to 18 years in prison on terrorism charges. Mohammad Hasan bin Saynudin (36), who claimed to have met Osama bin Laden on many occasions, was convicted of plotting to kill a teacher and planning a deadly attack on a bar frequented by Western tourists.
    (AP, 4/28/09)
2009        Apr 28, Lithuania reported a 12.6% drop in GDP in the first quarter as compared to a year earlier.
    (WSJ, 4/28/09, p.A8)
2009        Apr 28, Pakistani jets and attack helicopters bombed Taliban positions in the Buner district near the capital, in an expansion of an offensive against militants seemingly emboldened by a much-criticized peace deal. Militants seized three police stations in the north of Buner and kidnapped 70 police and paramilitary troops.
    (AP, 4/28/09)(AP, 4/29/09)
2009        Apr 28, Peru’s Pres. Alan Garcia and Brazil’s Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva signed an agreement for six hydroelectricity schemes in Peru. The Inambari dam would be the first to be built, and most of its power would be exported to Brazil.
    (www.bicusa.org/en/Article.11256.aspx)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.42)
2009        Apr 28, Ekaterina Maximova (70), legendary Russian ballerina, died. Maximova's dancing career at the Bolshoi spanned three decades, from her debut as Masha in "The Nutcracker" in 1958 until 1988.
    (AP, 4/28/09)
2009        Apr 28, The Russian destroyer Admiral Panteleyev seized a vessel with 29 suspected pirates off the coast of Somalia. A Russian tanker fended off an attack by the same group earlier in the day. On May 4 the Russian warship freed 8 Iranians who were seized along with the suspected Somali pirates.
    (AP, 4/29/09)(AP, 5/4/09)
2009        Apr 28, The Seychelles Coast Guard said it had arrested nine suspected pirates believed to be behind the weekend attempt to hijack the melody, a luxury cruise liner carrying an estimated 1,000 tourists in the Indian Ocean. The Spanish navy had tracked the skiff and apprehended the suspects. They were then turned over to the Seychelles Coast Guard.
    (AP, 4/28/09)
2009        Apr 28, South Korean scientists said they have engineered four beagles that glow red using cloning techniques that could help develop cures for human diseases.
    (AP, 4/28/09)
2009        Apr 28, A Sri Lanka rebel-linked Web site and a doctor in the region said government forces pounded rebel territory with a fierce artillery barrage, a day after the government pledged to stop using heavy weapons to prevent civilian casualties.
    (AP, 4/28/09)
2009        Apr 28, Taiwan was formally invited by the World Health Organization (WHO) to take part as an observer in the May 18 meeting of its governing body under the name “Chinese Taipei.” This was the first time the nation has officially participated in a United Nations meeting or event since the ROC walked out of the world body in 1971. 
    (Econ, 9/26/09, p.52)(www.taiwantoday.tw/ct.asp?xItem=59969&ctNode=427)
2009        Apr 28, Venezuela recalled its ambassador to protest Peru's decision to grant political asylum to a prominent opponent of President Hugo Chavez, calling it a mockery of international law and escalating a diplomatic dispute.
    (AP, 4/28/09)

2010        Apr 28, Coast Guard Rear Adm. Mary Landry was emphatic at a hastily called news conference that a new leak was discharging 5,000 barrels a day of sweet crude, not the 1,000 barrels officials had estimated for days since the Deepwater Horizons drilling rig exploded and sank 50 miles off the Louisiana Coast. Shrimpers in Louisiana filed a class-action lawsuit against oil giant BP Plc and owners of the drilling platform that exploded in the Gulf of Mexico, as claims for economic losses anticipated from the disaster began to mount.
    (AP, 4/29/10)(Reuters, 4/29/10)
2010        Apr 28, The US Supreme Court refused to order the removal of a cross from the Mohave National Preserve  in southern California. Veterans of Foreign Wars had placed a cross there in 1934 to honor soldiers killed in WWI. The first wooden cross was later replaced by a metal cross, which was around May 9-10, 2010.
    (www.stripes.com/article.asp?section=104&article=69916)
2010        Apr 28, Sempra Energy, the parent company of San Diego Gas and Electric Co., agreed to pay $410 million to settle claims that it played Enron-style games with California’s electricity market during the 2000-2001 energy crises.
    (SFC, 4/28/10, p.D1)
2010        Apr 28, The International Olympic Committee, acting on evidence that Dong Fangxiao was only 14 at the 2000 Games in Sidney, stripped China of the women's team bronze medal. China was ordered to give the medal back, allowing the United States to claim it instead.
    (AP, 4/28/10)
2010        Apr 28, Palm Inc. a pioneer in the smart phone business that couldn't quite make the comeback it needed, agreed to be bought out by Hewlett-Packard Co. for about $1.4 billion in cash. Palm was founded in 1992 by Donna Dubinsky and Jeff Hawkins and helped originate the handheld computing market with its Palm Pilot "personal digital assistants" in the 1990s.
    (AP, 4/29/10)
2010        Apr 28, Scientists reported that infrared analysis of asteroid 24 Themis indicated that it contained evidence of water ice as well as organic compounds. Themis, a 120-mile wide asteroid, stood as one of the largest in the solar system.
    (SFC, 4/28/10, p.A6)
2010        Apr 28, In Beijing France and China said they would work together to consider an overhaul of the global monetary system, at the start of a state visit by French President Nicolas Sarkozy.
    (AFP, 4/28/10)
2010        Apr 28, In southern China Chen Kangbing (33) wielding a knife broke into a primary school and stabbed 15 students and a teacher in Leizhou city, the same day another school attacker was executed for killing eight children last month. Xu Yuyuan (47) was found guilty of attempted homicide in mid-May by the Taizhou Intermediate Court in Jiangsu province. He was executed on May 30. Kangbing was sentenced to death on June 11.
    (AP, 4/28/10)(AP, 5/30/10)(AP, 6/11/10)
2010        Apr 28, An Egyptian court convicted 26 men of spying for the Lebanese militant group Hezbollah and plotting attacks in Egypt, and gave them prison sentences ranging from six months to life. A Hamas security official in charge of the tunnel area along the border said Egyptians had filled a passage with some type of crowd dispersal gas killing four Palestinians. The next day Egypt denied the charges saying fires sparked by such explosions could use up all the oxygen in the tunnel and people caught inside could suffocate.
    (AP, 4/28/10)(AP, 4/29/10)
2010        Apr 28, Bangladesh Labor and Manpower Minister Mosharraf Hossain said Bangladesh will raise the minimum wage for millions of garment workers, as workers staged another mass protest that blocked the country's main highway.
    (AFP, 4/28/10)
2010        Apr 28, EU Pres. Herman Van Rompuy said he is fully confident that debt-laden Greece will receive the financial assistance it needs in time to address its debt problems and to preserve eurozone stability. Greece faced a May 19 deadline, when around euro 10 billion of debt comes due.
    (AP, 4/28/10) 
2010        Apr 28, In Iraq former PM Ayad Allawi, the front-runner in the recent parliamentary elections, called for the formation of an impartial, internationally supervised caretaker government to prevent the country from sliding into violence and counter what he says are efforts to change the vote results. The US military said an American soldier has been killed by a roadside blast in the Diyala province in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 4/28/10)
2010        Apr 28, In Mexico gunmen stormed into a bar, dragged out eight people and killed them in the parking lot, the first of several shootings in Ciudad Juarez that left 16 dead, including a man in a wheelchair. In the Pacific coast state of Guerrero, gunmen killed, Jose Santiago Agustino, the mayor of the small town of Zapotitlan Tablas, while he was in the state capital of Chilpancingo. In 2009 he had complained that a government hospital built in his region more than a decade earlier had never opened.
    (AP, 4/28/10)
2010        Apr 28, Nigeria's senate ordered a probe into Senator Ahmed Sani Yerima (49) for his alleged marriage to a 13-year-old Egyptian girl, after the national rights watchdog and other 10 groups accused him of shaming the country. Gunmen seized four officers of an agency responsible for combating counterfeit pharmaceuticals in the southern state of Abia.
    (AFP, 4/28/10)(AFP, 4/30/10)
2010        Apr 28, In Pakistan security forces have killed seven suspected insurgents in the Orakzai tribal region near Afghanistan.
    (AP, 4/28/10)
2010        Apr 28, Dunkin' Donuts said it is returning to Russia, following an 11-year absence, with plans to tap growing appetite for coffee and sweets by opening up to 20 outlets in Moscow this year.
    (AP, 4/28/10)
2010        Apr 28, In Sudan around 2,000 people gathered in El Fasher, capital of North Darfur, after discovering that the scheme had collapsed. Police used tear gas to break up a protest by hundreds of investors who lost money in a Ponzi scheme that stretched across Sudan's strife-ridden Darfur region and beyond.
    (Reuters, 4/29/10)
2010        Apr 28, Thai security forces fired into a crowd of anti-government protesters during a clash just outside Bangkok as they tried to keep the Red Shirts from expanding their demonstrations from a base in the capital. One soldier was killed, and at least 18 protesters were hurt.
    (AP, 4/28/10)

2011        Apr 28, Pres. Obama declared a major disaster in Alabama. Declarations for Mississippi followed on Apr 29,  Georgia on Apr 30, and soon followed for Tennessee and Arkansas.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.28)
2011        Apr 28, Arizona Gov. Jan brewer signed a bill designating the colt Single-Action Army revolver as the state’s first official firearm. Brewer also signed a bill authorizing the construction of a fence along the state's portion of the US-Mexico border, either with other states or by itself. He also signed a bill approving special new license plates, including a “Don’t Tread On Me” slogan to commemorate the Tea Party.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A7)(AP, 4/29/11)(SFC, 4/30/11, p.A6)
2011        Apr 28, The Christian Brothers in North America filed for bankruptcy becoming the 2nd Catholic order to do so because of sexual abuse claims.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A7)
2011        Apr 28, Lightning hit Florida’s Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge during a severe drought and started a fire. By late July it had consumed 300,000 acres and was 70% contained. By late October costs to taxpayers reached $52.7 million and the fire continued to burn in the underground peat.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.29)(SFC, 10/29/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 28, Exelon Corp., the largest operator of nuclear plants in the US, said it has agreed to buy Constellation Energy Group for about $7.9 billion in stock. This would add stakes in 5 reactors and make it the largest US electricity marketer.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.D3)
2011        Apr 28, Afghan authorities said 74 escapees had been recaptured and 2 more killed following the April 25 prison break.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A5)
2011        Apr 28, A Bahraini military court convicted four Shiite protesters and sentenced them to death for the killing of two policemen during anti-government demonstrations last month. Three other Shiite activists were sentenced to life in prison for their role in the policemen's deaths.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, Cambodia and Thailand called a ceasefire halting their bloodiest clashes in decades, after seven days of fighting left 15 dead and around 75,000 civilians displaced.
    (AFP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, China released 2010 census numbers indicating a total mainland population of 1.34 billion.
    (Econ, 5/7/11, p.43)
2011        Apr 28, Authorities in Colombia arrested Sen. Ivan Moreno, the brother of Bogota Mayor Samuel Moreno, on corruption charges for his alleged role in a bid-rigging scandal involving road construction.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, Egypt's new foreign minister, Nabil al-Araby, said that the closure of the key Rafah border crossing with the Palestinian Gaza Strip was about to end, calling the decision to close the crossing "a disgusting matter" in an interview with Al-Jazeera.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 28, France based Total SA announced plans to buy a 60% stake in SunPower Corp. of San Jose, Ca.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.D1)
2011        Apr 28, In northern Iraq a car bomb explosion killed a police officer and three of his guards in Hawija. A suicide bomber blew himself up in a Shiite mosque in Balad Ruz.
    (AP, 4/28/11)(SFC, 4/29/11, p.A2)
2011        Apr 28, Libyan government forces closed on rebel outposts, showering the western mountain city of Zintan with missiles and attacking insurgents holed up near the Tunisian border. Pro-Gaddafi forces also shelled rebel positions around the Dehiba-Wazin border crossing with Tunisia. 7 insurgents were killed overnight when a checkpoint in Misrata came under rocket and heavy artillery fire.
    (Reuters, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, A Mauritania fishing boat shipwrecked off the coast leaving 12 sailors missing.
    (AP, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 28, In Morocco a massive explosion ripped through the Argana café, popular among tourists in Marrakech, killing 16 people including 2 Canadians, 8 French citizens, 3 Moroccans, a Dutchman, a Portuguese, a Swiss and a British national. More than 20 people were wounded. The Al-Qaeda terror network was suspected of involvement. Another Swiss national died a week later raising the death toll to 17. In 2012 a court confirmed the death sentence for the ringleader, Adel al-Othmani, and changed the life sentence of his associate Hakim Dah into capital punishment. Six other defendants convicted of being associated with the bombing had their prison sentences of two and four years increased to 10 years. Only one defendant, Abdel-Fattah Dehaj, kept his two-year sentence.
    (AP, 4/29/11)(AP, 5/2/11)(AP, 5/6/11)(AP, 10/2/11)(AP, 3/10/12)
2011        Apr 28, Nigeria's ruling party won the delayed governorship elections in two northern states where hundreds died in rioting after a vote two weeks ago.
    (Reuters, 4/30/11)
2011        Apr 28, In Pakistan a roadside bomb set by Taliban militants killed 4 people in a bus carrying navy personnel in Karachi.
    (SFC, 4/29/11, p.A4)
2011        Apr 28, In South Korea former US President Jimmy Carter said that North Korean leader Kim Jong Il wants direct talks with South Korea's leader, an offer unlikely to be accepted until Pyongyang takes responsibility for violence that killed 50 South Koreans last year.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir warned that Khartoum will not recognize the new state of south Sudan when it declares independence in July if it insists on claiming the disputed Abyei region.
    (AFP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, Syrian tanks rolled into the northern port of Latakia, a key city in the heartland of Syria's ruling elite, and security forces opened fire on anti government demonstrators, while heavy shooting rang out again in the southern protest hotbed of Daraa.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, The UN nuclear agency said for the first time that a target destroyed by Israeli warplanes in the Syrian desert five years ago was a covertly built nuclear reactor, countering assertions by Syria that it had no atomic secrets to hide.
    (AP, 4/28/11)
2011        Apr 28, Venezuelan authorities said inmates have taken 22 employees hostage at a prison to demand human rights guarantees and improved living conditions. The uprising inside El Rodeo prison began the previous day, when inmates complained of a tuberculosis outbreak inside the lockup.
    (AP, 4/29/11)
2011        Apr 28, In Yemen tens of thousands are rallying across the country, denouncing the killing of 12 protesters the previous day in the capital Sanaa and insisting the country's long-time ruler step down.
    (AP, 4/28/11)

2012        Apr 28, US officials said that $147 million in aid programs to Palestinians has been restored. The money had been frozen as a penalty for a Palestinian UN membership bid.
    (SSFC, 4/29/12, p.A4)
2012        Apr 28, The 37-foot yacht Aegean ran into trouble during a race off the coast of California and Mexico. Three crew members were killed and a 4th was missing.
    (SSFC, 4/29/12, p.A2)
2012        Apr 28, A storm struck Louisville, Ky., and hail damaged some 3,500 Ford Escapes assembled at a plant nearby.
    (SFC, 5/28/12, p.A8)
2012        Apr 28, In southern Afghanistan 2 Taliban militants hiding handguns in their shoes slipped into the Kandahar governor's compound, setting off a fierce gunbattle that left two security guards and both attackers dead. A roadside bomb killed 10 Afghan security forces in eastern Wardak province.
    (AP, 4/28/12)
2012        Apr 28, In Colombia French journalist Romeo Langlois (35) went missing along with five Colombian security force members following combat with leftist FARC rebels that claimed the lives of three soldiers and a police officer. Langlois was freed on May 30.
    (AP, 4/29/12)(AP, 5/31/12)
2012        Apr 28, In Egypt reform leader Mohamed ElBaradei launched the Constitution Party, a new political party that he said aims to unite Egyptians and save the country's revolution from a messy democratic transition. Assailants attacked demonstrators gathered outside the Defense Ministry in Cairo to call for an end to military rule with rocks and firebombs, killing one protester and wounding 30.
    (AP, 4/28/12)(AP, 4/29/12)
2012        Apr 28, In Germany some 2,000 members of the new Pirates’ party gathered in the northern city of Neumuenster to discuss the group's growth, new polls predicted it would win seats in two more state legislatures in May.
    (AP, 4/28/12)
2012        Apr 28, Top Iraqi politicians, many of whom feel marginalized by PM Nuri al-Maliki's style of governing, called in Arbil, the capital of Kurdistan, for greater democracy in running the country.
    (AFP, 4/28/12)
2012        Apr 28, The Ivory Coast government and opposition agreed to launch a formal dialogue and meet four times a year to reconcile the country after last year's deadly crisis.
    (AFP, 4/28/12)
2012        Apr 28, Malaysian police unleashed tear gas and chemical-laced water at thousands of demonstrators who staged one of the country’s largest street rallies in years. The Bersih demanded fair rules for national elections expected soon. News organizations estimated the number of demonstrators at 80k-100,000.
    (AP, 4/28/12)(Econ, 7/14/12, p.33)
2012        Apr 28, Mexican authorities in Xalapa, the capital of Veracruz state, found Regina Martinez, a correspondent for the national magazine Proceso, dead in her bathroom with signs she had been beaten and strangled.
    (AP, 5/4/12)
2012        Apr 28, North Korea began sending electronic GPS jamming signals affecting civilian flights in South Korea amid simmering cross-border tensions.
    (AFP, 5/3/12)
2012        Apr 28, In Pakistan at least seven people including Station House Officer (SHO) of Civil Lines and two constables were killed along with 16 others wounded in Lyari, in the consecutive second day of violence and unrest.
    (http://dawn.com/2012/04/28/brother-of-lyari-gang-leader-killed-in-police-action/)
2012        Apr 28, In the Philippines 2 communist rebels and a soldier were killed in separate clashes as NPA insurgents stepped up their attacks.
    (AFP, 4/29/12)
2012        Apr 28, Saudi Arabia's official news agency said the kingdom has closed its embassy and consulates in Egypt and recalled its ambassador following protests over a detained Egyptian human rights lawyer Ahmed el-Gezawi.
    (AP, 4/28/12)
2012        Apr 28, A South African court halted the roll-out of tolls on major highways around Johannesburg in the latest delay for the project which has met widespread opposition.
    (AFP, 4/28/12)
2012        Apr 28, South Africa officials said some 14,600 inmates will be released to ease overcrowding. Violent criminals would not be freed.
    (SSFC, 4/29/12, p.A4)
2012        Apr 28, A South African policeman was shot dead by a game ranger in the Kruger National Park while searching for rhino poachers in a deadly exchange that also claimed the gunman's life.
    (AFP, 4/29/12)
2012        Apr 28, South Sudan government spokesman Barnaba Mariel Benjamin said China has agreed to loan the country eight billion dollars for infrastructure development.
    (AFP, 4/28/12)
2012        Apr 28, Sudan rejected UN Security Council involvement in efforts to end weeks of border clashes with South Sudan, which said it repelled an attack by Khartoum-backed rebels. A Briton, a Norwegian, a South African and a South Sudanese were captured by Sudanese troops in the oil-rich region of Heglig. The next day a representative for one of the three said that they were on a humanitarian mine-clearing mission.
    (AFP, 4/28/12)(AP, 4/29/12)
2012        Apr 28, Syrian army defectors clashed briefly with troops in the coastal town of Burj Islam, home to the presidential summer palace.
    (AP, 4/28/12)

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