Today in History - May 15

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392        May 15, Valentinianus II (21), emperor of Rome (375-392), was murdered.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

756        May 15, Abd-al-Rahman was proclaimed the emir of Cordoba, Spain. Abd al Rahman united the Umayyad forces in Spain and made the ancient Roman city of Cordoba his new capital.
    (ATC, p.95)(HN, 5/15/98)

1213        May 15, King John submitted to the Pope, offering to make England and Ireland papal fiefs. Pope Innocent III lifted the interdict of 1208. He named Stephen Langton Archbishop of Canterbury.
    (HN, 5/15/99)(MC, 5/15/02)

1248        May 15, Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden laid the cornerstone for Köln (Cologne) cathedral.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1492        May 15, Cheese and Bread rebellion: German mercenaries killed 232 Alkmaarse.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1525        May 15, A German army under Philip of Hesse surrounded and slaughtered 5,000 ending a peasant revolt led by Thomas Muntzer.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_M%C3%BCntzer)(PCh, 1992, p.173)

1536        May 15, Anna Boleyn and Lord Rochford were accused of adultery, incest, treason. [see May 2, May 19]
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1567        May 15, Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (d.1643), musician and composer (L'Orfeo), was born in Cremona, Italy. He marked the beginning of the Baroque Era in music.
    (LGC-HCS, p.25)(WUD, 1994, p.928)(MC, 5/15/02)
1567        May 15, Mary, Queen of Scots married James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Hepburn,_4th_Earl_of_Bothwell)

1591        May 15, Dimitri Ivanovitch (9), Russian son of czar Ivan IV, was murdered.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1602        May 15, Bartholomew Gosnold, English navigator, discovered Cape Cod.
    (AP, 5/15/97)(HN, 5/15/98)

1610        May 15, Parliament of Paris appointed Louis XIII (8) as French king.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1614        May 15, An aristocratic uprising in France ended with the treaty of St. Menehould.
    (HN, 5/15/98)

1618        May 15, Johannes Kepler discovered his harmonics law.
    (HN, 5/15/98)

1625        May 15, In Upper Austria 16 rebellious farmers were hanged in Varcklamarkt.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1648        May 15, The independence of the Netherlands was finally recognized with the Dutch and Spanish ratification of the Treaty of Munster, initially signed on January 30.
    (www.oldandsold.com/articles36/netherlands-18.shtml)

1665        May 15, Pope Alexander VII condemned Jansenism.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1672        May 15, 1st copyright law was enacted by Massachusetts.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1679        May 15, The Earl of Shaftesbury introduced his Exclusion Bill into Parliament proposing that James, the Catholic brother of King Charles II, be permanently barred from the line of succession to the English throne.
    (ON, 7/06, p.9)

1718        May 15, James Puckle, a London lawyer, patented the world's 1st machine gun.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1730        May 15, Robert Walpole became the sole minister in the English cabinet following the resignation of Lord Townshend.
    (HN, 5/15/99)

1759        May 15, Maria Theresia von Paradis, composer, was born.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1764        May 15, Johann Nepomuk Kalcher, composer, was born.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1768        May 15, By the Treaty of Versailles, France purchased Corsica from Genoa.
    (SFC, 12/3/96, p.A1)(HN, 5/15/99)

1773        May 15, Prince Clemens Von Metternich (d.1859), Chancellor of Austria, was born in Coblenz. His policies dominated Europe after the Congress of Vienna.
    (HN, 5/15/99)(WUD, 1994 ed., p.903)

1795        May 15, Napoleon entered the Lombardian capital of Milan in triumph.
    (HN, 5/15/98)

1800        May 15, King George III survived a 2nd assassination attempt.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1802        May 15, Isaac Ridgeway Trimble (d.1888), Major General (Confederate Army), was born.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1808        May 15, Michael William Balfe, composer ("The Bohemian Girl"), was born.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1819        May 15, Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1820        May 15, The US Congress designated the slave trade to a form of piracy.
    (HN, 5/15/99)

1823        May 15, Antonio Frantisek Becvarovsky (69), composer, died.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1829        May 15, Joseph Smith was "ordained" by John the Baptist- according to Joseph Smith.  Mormon church was founded in NY.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1833        May 15, Edmund Kean (46), English actor (Shylock), died.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1842        May 15, Emanuel ADMJ Count de las Cases (76), French historian (Napoleon), died.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1849        May 15, Neapolitan troops entered Palermo, and were in possession of all of Sicily.
    (HN, 5/15/98)

1853        May 15, In San Francisco a groundbreaking ceremony was held for a tunnel to deliver water from Mountain Lake to the Presideo and then to downtown SF. The project was not completed due to lack of funding. In 2010 the entrance, buried under 42 feet of landfill, was rediscovered in the Presidio near Polin Springs.
    (SFC, 10/11/10, p.A9)

1856        May 15, Lyman Frank Baum (d.1919) was born in Chittenango, NY. He had been a failed storekeeper, a reporter and, when his first children's book was published in 1897, a traveling china salesman. Two years later, Baum teamed with poster artist William Wallace Denslow to produce “Father Goose, His Book," the best-selling children's book of the year. “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" in 1900 was the second collaboration for Baum and Denslow. This color woodcut, "You ought to be ashamed of yourself!" is one of 24 full-page color plates that illustrated the first edition of the beloved children's classic [see 1891].
    (HNPD, 5/14/99)(AP, 5/15/07)

1858        May 15, Emily Folger, Shakespeare scholar, was born.
    (HN, 5/15/01)

1859        May 15, Pierre Curie, physicist (Nobel 1903), was born. He and his wife discovered radium.
    (HN, 5/15/99)(MC, 5/15/02)

1860        May 15, Ellen Louise Axson Wilson, first wife of President Woodrow Wilson, was born.
    (HN, 5/15/98)

1862        May 15, Arthur Schnitzler (d.1931), playwright and novelist (La Ronde), was born in Austria.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Schnitzler)
1862        May 15, The US Department of Agriculture was created.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1862        May 15, In New Orleans General Benjamin Butler issued an order to the effect that any woman insulting or showing contempt for any officer or soldier of the United States should be treated as a woman of the town "plying her avocation" - meaning soliciting of prostitution.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butler%27s_General_Order_No._28)
1862        May 15, The Union ironclad Monitor and the gunboat Galena fired on Confederate troops at the Battle of Drewry's Bluff, Virginia.
    (HN, 5/15/99)
1862        May 15, The Confederate cruiser Alabama ran aground near London.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1862        May 15-17, Battle of Princeton, WV.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1864        May 15, At Battle of New Market, Virginia, Military Institute cadets repelled a Union attack.
    (HN, 5/15/99)

1873        May 15, Nikolay N. Tcherepnin, composer of ballets, songs, was born in St Petersburg, Russia.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1878        May 15, The Tokyo Stock Exchange, Japan’s 1st public trading institution, formed.
    (WSJ, 3/15/07, p.C1)

1882        May 15, May Laws: Czar Alexander III banned Jews from living in rural Romania.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1885        May 15, Mormons began an exodus from the United States into Mexico. Chihuahua Governor Ochoa had agreed to sell land to the Mormons to colonize. Church President John Taylor had explored the area and church officials selected Casas Grandes, a valley in the state of Chihuahua, as the place to begin settlement.
    (www.epcc.edu/nwlibrary/borderlands/19_mormons.htm)

1886        May 15, Poet Emily Dickinson (b.1830) died in Amherst, Mass., where she had lived in seclusion for the previous 24 years. In 2001 Alfred Habegger authored her biography: "My Wars Are laid Away in Books." In 2008 Brenda Wineapple authored “White Heat: The Friendship of Emily Dickinson & Thomas Wentworth Higginson (1823-1911). In 2010 Lyndall Gordon authored “Lives Like Loaded Guns: Emily Dickinson and her Family Feuds," in which he presents evidence that Dickinson suffered from congenital epilepsy.
    (AP, 5/15/97)(HN, 5/15/01)(WSJ, 11/2/01, p.W11)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.96)

1891        May 15, Mikhail Bulgakov (d.1940), Russian novelist (Notes of a Dead Man, Heart of a Dog), was born.
    (HN, 5/15/01)(Econ, 3/13/04, p.86)
1891        May 15, Jules Massenet's opera "Griselde," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1891        May 15, Gerard and Anton Philips began their Philips & Co. operations in Eindhoven, Holland, with the production of light bulbs.
    (www.vedpuriswar.org/book/PHILIPS.htm)(WSJ, 1/7/04, p.A1)

1894         May 15, Katherine Anne Porter (d.1980), American author, was born. She is best remembered for her book "Ship of Fools." "Love must be learned, and learned again and again; there is no end to it. Hate needs no instruction, but wants only to be provoked." "I do not understand the world, but I watch its progress."
    (WUD, 1994 p.1120)(AP, 1/25/98)(AP, 3/4/99)(HN, 5/15/99)

1896        May 15, A tornado killed 78 in Texas.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1902        May 15, Richard Daley, mayor of Chicago through the 1960s and early 1970's, was born.
    (HN, 5/15/99)

1905        May 15, Joseph Cotton, actor, was born in Petersburg, Va.
    (AP, 5/15/05)

1909        May 15, James Mason, actor (The Desert Fox, Lolita, Bloodline, Boys From Brazil), was born in England.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1910        May 15, Robert F. Wagner, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1949-65), was born.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1911        May 15, Max Frisch (d.1991), Swiss architect and writer, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Max_Frisch)
1911        May 15, The Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Standard Oil Company, ruling it was in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act. The anti-trust suit led to the dissolution of Standard Oil Co. of John D. Rockefeller. From its remains 34 new companies were formed that included Exxon, Mobil, Amoco, Chevron, Arco and Conoco. Rockefeller’s quarter interest in the parent turned into a quarter interest in all the offspring. The action of the supreme court was based n part on findings by Ida Tarbell, who published articles in McClure’s Magazine regarding Rockefeller and Standard Oil. In 2008 Steve Weinberg authored “Taking on the Trust: The Epic Battle of Ida Tarbell and John D. Rockefeller."
    (AP, 5/15/97)(WSJ, 5/8/98, p.W10)(WSJ, 3/28/08, p.W5)

1912        May 15, Ty Cobb rushed a heckler at a NY Highlander game and was suspended.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1914        May 15, In San Francisco the new Ewing Field ballpark opened. Cal Ewing, owner of the Pacific Coast league Seals, erected the 18,000 seat Ewing Field on Masonic Ave south of Geary Blvd., now the site of Wallenberg High School. It was used for a half-season by the SF Seals and they fled back to Rec. Park because of the fog.
    (SFEC,12/797, Z1 p.4)(SSFC, 5/11/14, DB p.50)

1915        May 15, AT&T became the 1st corporation to have 1 million stockholders.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1917        May 15, British Lt. John Harold Pritchard was killed in a nighttime battle at Bullecourt, France. This was during the two week 2nd battle of Bullecourt on the Hindenburg Line. Thousands of dead were scattered on both sides. In 2013 Pritchard’s body was found on a farm that covered the battleground.
    (SFC, 4/24/13, p.A5)
1915        May 15, In Germany Clara Immerwahr, chemist and wife of chemist Fritz Haber, shot herself in the heart with her husband’s service weapon in their garden, possibly in response to his having personally overseen the first successful use of chlorine at the Second Battle of Ypres on April 22, 1915. That same morning, Haber left for the Eastern Front to oversee gas release against the Russians.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Haber)

1916        May 15, U.S. Marines landed in Santo Domingo to quell civil disorder. [see May 5, 1916]
    (HN, 5/15/98)

1918        May 15, Joseph Wiseman, actor (Dr No, Viva Zapata, Les Miserables), was born in Montreal.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1918        May 15, The U.S. Post Office and the U.S. Army began regularly scheduled airmail service between Washington and New York through Philadelphia. Lieutenant George L. Boyle, an inexperienced young army pilot, was chosen to make the first flight from Washington. Even with a route map stitched to his breeches, Boyle lost his way and flew south rather than north. The second leg of the Washington--Philadelphia--New York flight, however, took off and arrived in New York on schedule--without the Washington mail. The distance of the route was 218 miles, and one round trip per day was made six days a week. Army Air Service pilots flew the route until August 10, 1918, when the Post Office Department took over the entire operation with its own planes and pilots.
    (AP, 5/15/97)(HNPD, 6/15/99)(HNQ, 4/24/01)
1918        May 15, Pfc. Henry Johnson and Pfc. Needham Roberts received the Croix de Guerre for their services in World War I. They were the first Americans to win France's highest military medal.
    (HN, 5/15/99)

1921        May 15, The Italian Communist Party won 15 parliament seats out of 535.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_general_election,_1921)

1923        May 15, Richard Avedon, photographer, was born.
    (HN, 5/15/01)

1926        May 15, Anthony Shaffer, English playwright (Sleuth), twin brother of Peter Shaffer, was born.
    (HN, 5/15/01)
1926        May 15, Peter Shaffer, English playwright (Equus, Amadeus), twin brother of Anthony Shaffer, was born.
    (HN, 5/15/01)

1929        May 15, Fire in X-ray film stock killed 125 at Crile Clinic, Cleveland.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1930        May 15, Jasper Johns, Jr., painter, leader of the Pop Art movement, was born in Augusta, Ga. He grew up in South Carolina.
    (www.artsy.net/artist/jasper-johns)(SFC, 3/8/07, p.E3)
1930        May 15, Ellen Church, the first airline stewardess, went on duty aboard an Oakland-to-Chicago flight operated by Boeing Air Transport, a forerunner of United Airlines.
    (HN, 5/15/98)(AP, 5/15/07)

1932        May 15, Japan’s PM Tsuyoshi Inukai (b.1855) and his family were assassinated by young right-wing naval officers. His son Ken Inukai, watching a Sumo wrestling match with Charlie Chaplin, survived.
    (WSJ, 8/3/06, p.D5)

1933        May 15, 1st voice amplification system was used in US Senate.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1934        May 15, US Dept. of Justice offered $25,000 reward for John Dillinger, dead or alive.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1935        May 15, Kasimir Malevich (b.1878), Ukraine-born Cubist painter, died. He was a leader of the Suprematist movement in Russian painting. He pioneered the use of abstract geometrical elements and limited colors to demonstrate the supremacy of expressing feelings.
    (WSJ, 6/21/99, p.B14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazimir_Malevich)

1937        May 15, Trini Lopez, singer, guitarist (If I Had a Hammer), was born in Trinidad.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1939        May 15, US Supreme Court Justice James McReynolds in the US vs. Miller case said that the 2nd Amendment did not bar restrictions on the ownership of sawed-off shotguns, because the regulations did not have a "reasonable relationship" to militias. A District Court had held that section eleven of the National firearms Act violates the Second Amendment. It accordingly sustained the demurrer and quashed the indictment. The Supreme Court rejected the decision of the lower court.
    (USAT, 12/23/98, p.10A)(www.hoboes.com/Politics/Firearms/miller/)

1940        May 15, Nylon stockings went on general sale for the first time in the United States. [see Oct 24, 1939]
    (AP, 5/15/97)
1940        May 15, German troops occupied Amsterdam. Gen Winkelman surrendered.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1940        May 15, German armor division moved into Northern France.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1941        May 15, Lainie Kazan, singer, actress (Lust in the Dust, Beaches), was born in Brooklyn.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1941        May 15, Joe DiMaggio started his 56-game hitting streak. The Yanks lost 13-1. In 2011 Kostya Kennedy authored “56: Joe DiMaggio and the Last Magic Number in Sports."
    (www.baseball-almanac.com/feats/feats3.shtml)(http://www.kostyakennedy.com/)
1941        May 15, 1st British turbojet flew.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1941        May 15, All preparations for the German attack against Russia in Operation Barbarossa were to be finalized.
    (SFC,10/29/97, p.A23)
1941        May 15, Nazi occupiers in Netherlands forbade Jewish music.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1942        May 15, Gasoline rationing went into effect in 17 states, limiting sales to 3 gallons a week for nonessential vehicles.
    (AP, 5/15/97)(HN, 5/15/98)

1943        May 15, Halifax bombers sank U-463.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1943        May 15, Warsaw ghetto uprising ended in it's destruction by Nazi-SS troops.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1944        May 15, Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill and George VI discussed the D-Day plan.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1944        May 15, A partisan attack on a movie theater killed 5 German soldiers in Genoa. 4 days later SS Officer Friedrich Engel ordered the killing of 59 Italian prisoners in reprisal. In 2002 Engel (93) was sentenced to 7 years in prison for the order.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A14)(AP, 2/14/06)

1948        May 15, A 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ended.
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1948        May 15, Hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon.
    (AP, 5/15/97)

1952        May 15, California’s Central Valley Regional Water Pollution Control Board issued resolution No. 127 barring entry of perchlorate and 8 other chemicals into local groundwater and the American River. Medical researchers soon published that perchlorate blocks the uptake of essential iodide into the thyroid. Aerojet Corp., a rocket fuel manufacturer, objected and continued untreated discharges.
    (WSJ, 12/16/02, p.A9)
1952        May 15, Italo Montemezzi (76), composer, died.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1955        May 15, A treaty was signed in Vienna by the representatives of the four powers and Austria. It formally reestablished the Austrian republic in its pre-1938 frontiers as a “sovereign, independent and democratic state."
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-33385/Austria)

1957         May 15, The 1st British hydrogen bomb was detonated on Christmas Island in South Pacific. The 200 - 300 kilotons yield was less than expected.
    (www.atomicarchive.com/Timeline/Time1950.shtml)

1958        May 15, The MGM movie musical "Gigi," starring Leslie Caron as a young French courtesan-in-training, was released.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
1958        May 15, Vice President Richard Nixon received a hero's welcome on his return from a violence-marred tour of Latin America.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
1958        May 15, In South Korea the Yoido Full Gospel Church was founded by David Yonggi Cho and his mother-in-law, Choi Ja-shil, both Assemblies of God pastors. Their first worship service was held in the home of Choi Ja-shil. Apart from the two pastors, only Choi Ja-shil's three daughters and one elderly woman, who had come in to escape from the rain, attended the first service. By 2007 Yoido counted some 830,000 members and its church in Seoul was the largest in the world.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Yonggi_Cho)
1958        May 15, Sputnik III, the first space laboratory, was launched in the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 5/15/99)

1961        May 15, 36 Unification church couples were wed in Korea.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1962        May 15, US marines "arrived" in Laos.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1963        May 15, Peter, Paul & Mary won their 1st Grammy (If I Had a Hammer).
    (MC, 5/15/02)
1963        May 15, U.S. astronaut L. Gordon Cooper blasted off atop an Atlas rocket aboard Faith 7 on the final mission of the Project Mercury space program. He orbited Earth 22 times and manually piloted his craft to a pinpoint splashdown.
    (AP, 5/15/97)(WSJ, 11/7/97, p.A1)(HN, 5/15/98)

1966        May 15, South Vietnamese army battled Buddhists and about 80 died.
    (MC, 5/15/02)

1967        May 15, Edward Hopper (b.1882), US painter (House by Railroad), died in NYC. He studied in Paris but never painted in the abstract. He often used his wife, artist Josephine Nivison (d.1968), as his model. He was the first artist to paint the American scene as a desolate, vacant place. A biography of Mr. Hopper and his 44 years with Josephine was published in 1995 by Gail Levin titled “Edward Hopper." In 1998 the Whitney Museum published: "Edward Hopper: A Journal of His Work."
    (www.fact-index.com)(WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-12)(SFEC, 3/15/98, BR p.7)(HN, 7/22/02)

1968        May 15, A tornado at Jonesboro, Arkansas, killed 34 people. Another near Anchorage, Alaska, killed one person.
    (SFC, 5/15/09, p.D8)
1968        May 15, US Marines relieved army troops in Nhi Ha, South Vietnam, after a fourteen-day battle.
    (HN, 5/15/99)

1969        May 15, US Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigned amid a controversy over his past legal fees.
    (AP, 5/15/99)
1969        May 15, Univ. of California officials fenced People’s Park and planned to build dormitories. This prompted some 3,000 protesters to try to seize it back. Gov. Reagan placed Berkeley under martial law and dispatched tear gas-spraying helicopters and riot police who shot and killed one man.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F7)

1970        May 15, Phillip Lafayette Gibbs and James Earl Green, two black students at Jackson State University in Mississippi, were killed when police opened fire during student protests.
    (AP, 5/15/97)
1970        May 15, South Africa was excluded from Olympic play.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4p3x2n)

1972        May 15, Alabama’s Gov. George Wallace was shot by Arthur Bremer while campaigning in Laurel, Maryland, for the Democratic presidential primary. Wallace was left paralyzed. In 2007 Bremer was released from jail after serving 35 of his 53 year sentence.
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(SFC, 8/16/96, p.D11)(AP, 5/15/97)(AP, 11/9/07)
1972        May 15, The US returned Okinawa and the Senkaku Islands to Japan. The US had taken them over after WW II. Japan had begun administering Senkaku Islands between Okinawa and Taiwan in 1895.
    (SFEC, 10/8/96, A8)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Senkaku_Islands_dispute)

1973        May 15, Robert MacNeil and Jim Lehrer teamed up on NPACT’s coverage of the Senate Watergate hearings. In 1975 the MacNeil-Lehrer Report" premiered on PBS.
    (www.current.org/history/timeline/timeline-1970s.shtml)

1974        May 15, PFLP terrorists took a school in Maalot, Israel. 26 people were killed including 21 children after an unsuccessful rescue attempt.
    (www.mfa.gov.il/mfa)(WSJ, 9/14/04, p.A20)

1975        May 15, US forces raided the Cambodian island of Koh Tang and recaptured the American merchant ship Mayaguez. All 40 crew members were released safely by Cambodia, but some 40 US servicemen were killed in the military operation. Some 200 Marines stormed the island of Koh Tang to rescue the crew of the Mayaguez, but the crew had been moved. The Marines fought all day against the Khmer Rouge and escaped by helicopter in the evening. Three comrades were left behind and later died under the Khmer Rouge. The crew was freed about the same time that the Marine assault began.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A14)(AP, 5/15/08)

1976        May 15, Samuel Eliot Morison (b.1887), US historian (Admiral of Ocean Sea), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Eliot_Morison)

1978        May 15, The US Supreme Court’s Santa Clara Pueblo vs. Martinez decision held that tribal enrollment issues are an Indian-only matter immune from outside interference.
    (SSFC, 4/20/08, p.A11)(http://supreme.justia.com/us/436/49/)

1979        May 15, In Ghana J.J. Rawlings (b.1947) led an unsuccessful coup d'état that resulted in his arrest, imprisonment, and a death sentence.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Rawlings)

1983        May 15, The Madison Hotel in Boston, Mass., was destroyed by implosion.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2j8cul)

1984        May 15, Thomas Albright (48), art critic for the SF Chronicle, died. He had just completed his book “Art in the San Francisco Bay Area 1945-1980."
    (SSFC, 5/10/09, DB p.50)

1985        May 15, Edmond O'Brien (b.1915), film actor, died. His films included "Hunchback of Notre Dame" (1939) and "The Wild Bunch" (1969).
    (www.hollywood.com)

1986        May 15, Searchers on Oregon's Mount Hood found two teenage survivors of a hiking expedition that became trapped in a whiteout blizzard. Nine other climbers died.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
1986        May 15, Theodore H. White (b.1915), US journalist, died. His book “Making of the President" (1960) won a 1962 Pulitzer Prize.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_White)
1986        May 15, In Sudan Francis Bok (7) was kidnapped when Arabs from a government-armed militia swept into his village shooting the men and cutting off their heads with swords.
    (WSJ, 5/23/02, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/ybn8g5)

1987        May 15, President Reagan told a gathering of out-of-town reporters at the White House he did not consider himself "mortally wounded" by the Iran-Contra affair.
    (AP, 5/15/97)

1988        May 15, The Soviet Union began the process of withdrawing its 115,000 troops from Afghanistan, more than eight years after Soviet forces had entered the country.
    (AP, 5/15/98)(HN, 5/15/98)

1989        May 15, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Beijing for the first Sino-Soviet summit in 30 years. His 3-day visit was overshadowed by pro-democracy demonstrations led by Chinese students.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)(AP,  5/15/99)

1990        May 15, Congressional leaders and Bush administration officials began a bipartisan summit on the fiscal 1991 budget and its deficit.
    (AP, 5/15/00)
1990        May 15, "Portrait of Doctor Gachet" (1890) by Vincent Van Gogh sold for $82.5 million to Ryoei Saito, Japan's second-largest paper manufacturer.
    (www.vggallery.com/painting/p_0753.htm)

1991        May 15, Simon and Schuster published “Nancy Reagan: The Unauthorized Biography" by Kitty Kelly. Review copies came out in April.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Kitty_Kelley)
1991        May 15, President Bush took Britain’s Queen Elizabeth the Second to a baseball game between the Baltimore Orioles and the Oakland Athletics. The queen left after two innings; the A’s won, 6-to-3.
    (AP, 5/15/01)
1991        May 15, Defense lawyers released docs claiming Noriega is "CIA's man in Panama."
    (http://whateveritwasiwasagainstit.blogspot.com/2005/04/may-1991.html)
1991        May 15, French President Francois Mitterrand appointed Edith Cresson to be France’s first female premier.
    (AP, 5/15/01)

1992        May 15, A judge in Los Angeles ordered police officer Laurence Powell retried on a charge of excessive force in the beating of Rodney King. The charge was eventually dropped.
    (AP, 5/15/97)

1993        May 15, Prairie Bayou won the Preakness.
    (AP, 5/15/98)
1993        May 15, The $186 million Alamodome opened in San Antonio, Texas.
    (http://tinyurl.com/86zlw)
1993        May 15, Bosnian Serbs began voting in a two-day referendum that overwhelmingly rejected a U.N.-backed peace plan.
    (AP, 5/15/98)

1994        May 15, Supreme Court nominee Stephen G. Breyer arrived in Washington to spend the night at the White House, while Republicans joined Democrats in predicting swift Senate confirmation.
    (AP, 5/15/99)

1995        May 15, Dow Corning Corporation filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, citing potentially astronomical expenses from liability lawsuits.
    (AP, 5/15/00)

1996        May 15, Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole announced he was leaving the Senate after 27 years to challenge President Clinton full time.
    (AP, 5/15/97)
1996        May 15, Bishop Fabian Bruskewitz of the Lincoln, Nebraska, diocese in a March diocesan newspaper ordered Catholics to quit 12 proscribed groups or face excommunication. The groups include: Planned Parenthood, Call to Action, Catholics for a Free Choice, The Hemlock Society, and Masonic organizations such as the Rainbow Girls and others.
    (SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-3)
1996        May 15, An asteroid about a third of a mile across was detected and enroute to miss Earth by only 279,000 miles on 5/19/96. Timothy Spar and Carl Hergenrother discovered the asteroid and named it 1996 JA-1. It was traveling at 10 miles per second on a 4-year orbit around the sun.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, p.A-2)
1996        May 15, In India the BJP parliamentary leader, A.B. Vajpayee, was named prime minister. Pres. Shankar Dayal Sharma asked the new prime minister to form a coalition government by May 31. The BJP wants to build a nuclear bomb and revoke the autonomy of the disputed territory of Kashmir, India’s only Muslim-majority state.
    (WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-1)
1996        May 15, Serb. Pres. Slobodan Milosevic voted to sack the rump Yugoslavia’s central bank governor, Dragoslav Avramovic.
    (WSJ, 5/16/96, p.A-10)
1996        May 15, The UN closed its offices in Western Sahara due to a deadlock over election registration. 4/5 of Western Sahara is under Moroccan administration. The Polisario Front claims that Morocco is packing the electoral rolls with supporters having only tenuous links with the territory. Polisario has declared an independent republic and said this is recognized by more than 70 countries.
    (SFC, 5/15/96, p.A-10)


1996        May 15, Bishop Fabian Bruskewitz of the Lincoln, Nebraska, diocese in a March diocesan newspaper ordered Catholics to quit 12 proscribed groups or face excommunication. The groups included: Planned Parenthood, Call to Action, Catholics for a Free Choice, The Hemlock Society, and Masonic organizations such as the Rainbow Girls and others.
    (SFC, 5/16/96, p.A-3)

1997        May 15, Attorney General Janet Reno requested the death penalty for Unabomber suspect Theodore Kaczynski. However, under an arrangement in which he admitted his guilt, Kaczynski later agreed to be sentenced to life in prison without possibility of parole.
    (AP, 5/15/02)
1997        May 15, In Louisiana Hayes Williams (49) was released after 30 years from the State Penitentiary at Angola after new evidence confirmed his innocence in the 1967 murder of a white service station owner. He had filed a lawsuit against the state (Williams vs. Governor John McKeithen) that led to a 25-year overhaul of Louisiana’s prison system along with federal oversight.
    (SFC, 12/1/97, p.A3)
1997         May 15, Space shuttle Atlantis blasted off on a mission to deliver urgently needed repair equipment and a fresh American astronaut to Russia's orbiting Mir station.
    (AP, 5/15/98)
1997        May 15, It was reported that scientists at Cal Tech identified the source of mysterious gamma rays as coming from behind a large intergalactic cloud some 2 billion light-years from Earth.
    (SFC, 5/15/97, p.A6)
1997        May 15, In Algeria armed men massacred 30 villagers, 17 of them children, in Chebli, 15 miles south of the capital.
    (SFC, 5/16/97, p.A8)
1997        cMay 15, In the Congo in mid May Kabila’s soldiers were reported to have killed as many as 275 people in Uvira on Lake Tanganyika.
    (SFC, 7/26/97, p.A14)
1997        May 15, In Hungary the government approved the payment of $553.8 million to the Roman Catholic Church for assets lost under Communist rule. Negotiations on a concordat with the Vatican were in the final stages. Physical assets would be gradually returned through 2011.
    (WSJ, 5/16/97, p.A14)
1997        May 15, Pres. Fidel Ramos of the Philippines visited California and planned to announce a pact with Oracle Corp. to wire the country for long-distance phone service.
    (SFC, 5/15/97, p.A21)
1997        May 15, Saadallah Wannous, Syrian playwright, died in Damascus. His plays included “A Night Party for July 5," “Rituals of Signs and Changes," “The King Is the King," and “The Rape," an adoption of a Spanish play that was banned.
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A24)

1998        May 15, In Washington DC Latia Robinson (7) took control of a Honda Accord after her father passed out and drove him safely to a hospital at the beginning of rush hour.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.A6)
1998        May 15, Leaders of eight countries, including the US, opened a three-day summit in Birmingham, England.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
1998        May 15, Three African nations, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, announced plans for an economic, political and social union.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.A11)
1998        May 15, It was reported that the Burmese junta was expanding opium production while collecting money from the UN for destroying poppy fields.
    (SFC, 5/15/98, p.A14)
1998        May 15, Trapped in blazing shopping malls, hundreds of looters burned to death in rioting that laid smoking waste to Indonesia's capital, Jakarta.
    (AP, 5/15/99)
1998        May 15, Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin (b. 1962) became the 17th Sultan of Terengganu and the 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the constitutional head of state of Malaysia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mizan_Zainal_Abidin_of_Terengganu)
1998        May 15, In Northern Ireland the Loyalist Volunteers announced a cease-fire to encourage Protestant voters to reject the peace accord referendum.
    (SFC, 5/16/98, p.A11)
1998        May 15, Serbian police began to turn back truckers in a blockade of Kosovo. Shortage of critical food supplies soon developed.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.C16)

1999        May 15, Charismatic won the Preakness, finishing 1 1/2 lengths ahead of Menifee.
    (AP, 5/15/00)
1999        May 15, US warplanes attacked Iraqi air defense sites after being targeted by radar.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A15)
1999        May 15, In Russia the Communist-led drive to impeach Pres. Yeltsin failed as nearly 100 members stayed away from the balloting.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A1)
1999        May 15, In Russia two Red Cross workers were abducted in Nalchik, a town in the southern republic of Kabardino-Balkaria. A Russian woman was released but Geraldo Cruz Ribeiro of New Zealand was held by alleged Chechen gunmen.
    (SFC, 5/17/99, p.A10)
1999        May 15, In Slovakia presidential elections were held and Rudolf Schuster (65), mayor of Kosice, was the front runner over Vladimir Meciar (57). Schuster won 47% of the vote to Meciar's 37% and a runoff was scheduled for May 29.
    (SFEC, 5/16/99, p.A21)(SFC, 5/17/99, p.A10)

2000        May 15, By a five-to-four vote, the US Supreme Court threw out a key provision of the 1994 Violence Against Women Act, saying that rape victims could not sue their attackers in federal court.
    (AP, 5/15/01)
2000        May 15, United Press International was sold to the parent company of The Washington Times.
    (AP, 5/15/01)
2000        May 15, A consortium of Western oil companies found a large oil reserve in the northern Caspian Sea off the coast of Kazakhstan. The 480-sq. mile Kashagan field was estimated at 8 to 50 billion barrels of oil. In 2007 it was reported that the Kashagan field contained some 12-billion barrels of oil.
    (SFC, 5/16/00, p.A14)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.43)
2000        May 15, Near Chiquinquira, Columbia, Elvia Cortez (53) and Jairo Lopez, a bomb technician, were killed by explosives placed on her neck by kidnappers who claimed to be members of FARC and demanded $7,500. 
    (SFC, 5/16/00, p.A13)(SFC, 5/17/00, p.A14)
2000        May 15, In Ethiopia tens of thousands marched in Addis Ababa in support of the renewed border war with Eritrea.
    (WSJ, 5/16/00, p.A1)
2000        May 15, In Greece the government ordered the removal of religious affiliation from state identity cards.
    (SFC, 5/17/00, p.A18)
2000        May 15, Palestinian police and Israeli soldiers fought gun battles across the West Bank and Gaza Strip. 4 people were killed and hundreds were wounded.
    (SFC, 5/16/00, p.A1)
2000        May 15, In Serbia some 20,000 opposition supporters rallied in Belgrade for free elections and the resignation of Pres. Milosevic.
    (WSJ, 5/16/00, p.A1)

2001        May 15, The US Federal Reserve lowered the short term federal funds interest rate .5% to 4%.
    (SFC, 5/16/01, p.A1)
2001        May 15, The US government issued new guidelines for managing high cholesterol.
    (SFC, 5/16/01, p.A1)
2001        May 15, In California regulators adopted the highest rate increase in the state’s history. The residential consumer burden was raised by over $100 million.
    (SFC, 5/16/01, p.A1)
2001        May 15, A runaway freight train rolled about 70 miles through Ohio with no one aboard before a railroad employee jumped onto the locomotive and brought it to a stop.
    (AP, 5/15/02)
2001        May 15, In Colombia paramilitary forces kidnapped some 207 workers as they returned home in the state of Casanare.
    (SFC, 5/17/01, p.A10)
2001        May 15, The IMF approved $8 billion in loans to Turkey.
    (WSJ, 5/16/01, p.A1)
2001        May 15, In India gunmen killed 3 Catholic priests at Ngarian in Manipur state.
    (SFC, 5/17/01, p.C4)
2001        May 15, On Israel’s 53rd birthday Israeli troops shot and killed at least 4 Palestinians and over 200 were wounded. An Israeli woman was also killed in the West Bank.
    (SFC, 5/16/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 5/16/01, p.A1)
2001        May 15, A celebratory mood took hold of Japan after the palace formally announced that Crown Princess Masako was pregnant.
    (AP, 5/15/02)
2001        May 15, Macedonia’s new unity government ordered a halt to attacks on ethnic Albanian rebels but warned them to clear out of northern villages within 2 days or face full-scale assaults.
    (SFC, 5/16/01, p.A10)
2001        May 15, Tens of thousands of Palestinians packed town squares in the West Bank town of Ramallah as they marked what they called the day of "catastrophe" in 1948, when they were uprooted and the state of Israel created.
    (AP, 5/15/02)
2001        May 15, In the Philippines gunmen killed a policeman and stole ballot boxes as voting continued. Arroyo’s party held a flimsy lead.
    (WSJ, 5/16/01, p.A1)
2001        May 15, Fidel Castro arrived in Syria from Qatar for a 2-day visit.
    (SFC, 5/16/01, p.D14)
2001        May 15, Yugoslav forces forced ethnic Albanian rebels from the village of Oraovica in the Kosovo-Macedonia buffer zone. 14 rebels were reported killed.
    (SFC, 5/16/01, p.A10)(WSJ, 5/17/01, p.A1)

2002        May 15, The White House acknowledged that in the weeks before the Sept. 11 attacks, President Bush was told by U.S. intelligence that Osama bin Laden's terrorist network might hijack American airplanes, but that officials did not know that suicide hijackers were plotting to use planes as missiles.
    (AP, 5/15/03)
2002        May 15, The Bush administration rejected pleas by former Pres. Carter and farm-state lawmakers to ease the trade embargo on Cuba.
    (WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A1)
2002        May 15, Financier Martin Frankel pleaded guilty in New Haven, Conn., to pulling off one of the most brazen swindles Wall Street had ever seen. In 2004 Frankel (50) was sentenced to over 16 years in prison.
    (AP, 5/15/03)(SFC, 12/11/04, p.A3)
2002        May 15, German Metalworkers in Baden-Wuerttemberg won a higher than expected wage increase that included 4% in June and 3.1% in 2003. A 10-day strike was expected to end.
    (WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A1)
2002        May 15, In Israel Binyamin Ben-Eliezer, the defense minister, proposed a peace package that called for sharing Jerusalem with the Palestinians and granting them most of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
    (SFC, 5/16/02, p.A6)
2002        May 15, Election results in the Netherlands showed the opposition Christian Democrats with a sizeable victory with 43 seats. List, the party of recently slain Pim Fortuyn, took 2nd place with 26 seats and named Mat Herben as leader. Jan Peter Balkenende, head of the Christian Democrats, was set to be PM. The ruling Labor Party won 23 of the 150 seats.
    (WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A14)(SFC, 5/16/02, p.A8)(WSJ, 5/17/02, p.A1)
2002        May 15, In Palestine Yasser Arafat conceded mistakes and proposed new elections and political changes.
    (WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/16/02, p.A6)
2002        May 15, The Swiss National Exhibition, Expo.02, opened. The $823 million production, scattered around 3 lakes and 4 town, was set to close Oct 20.
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.C5)
2002        May 15, Authorities imposed water rationing in Taipei for the 1st time in 22 years as drought reduced the main water reservoir to its lowest level since 1987.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.C15)
2002        May 15, Zimbabwe was reported to have begun evicting thousands of black families occupying white-owned farms and other lands not listed for seizure under Pres. Mugabe's land plan.
    (WSJ, 5/16/02, p.A12)

2003        May 15, The three-year championship reign of the Los Angeles Lakers came to a decisive end as the San Antonio Spurs overpowered the Lakers 110-82 to win the Western Conference semifinal series 4 games to 2.
    (AP, 5/15/04)
2003        May 15, Emergency officials rushed to a series of mock catastrophes in the Chicago area on the busiest day of a national weeklong exercise.
    (AP, 5/15/04)
2003        May 15, Runaway Texas Democrats boarded two buses and returned home after a self-imposed weeklong exile in Oklahoma that succeeded in killing a redistricting bill they opposed.
    (AP, 5/15/04)
2003        May 15, San Francisco attorney Stephen Joseph withdrew his recent suit against Kraft Inc. to stop the sale of Oreo cookies. He was satisfied with the media attention on the high trans fat content in the cookies and other products.
    (SFC, 5/15/03, p.A3)
2003        May 15, Scott S. Sheppard of the Univ. of Hawaii reported 43 more moons around Jupiter and said he expects to find 50 more. The total number of Jupiter moons reached 80.
    (SFC, 5/15/03, p.A9)
2003        May 15, June Carter Cash (73), the Grammy-winning scion of one of country music's pioneering families and the wife of Johnny Cash, died of complications from heart surgery.
    (AP, 5/16/03)
2003        May 15, Britain cancelled all flights to and from Kenya following US warnings of a possible terrorist attack.
    (SFC, 5/16/03, p.A12)
2003        May 15, China threatened possible execution or jail sentences for people who cause death or injury by deliberately spreading SARS.
    (WSJ, 5/16/03, p.A1)
2003        May 15, Fleeing Congo civilians jammed roads out of Bunia by the thousands, trying to escape rival ethnic militias battling for control with mortars and machetes.
    (AP, 5/15/03)
2003        May 15, The Dominican government took control of the Caribbean nation's oldest and most respected newspaper and seized 70 radio and four television stations after Ramon Baez, banker and media baron, was charged with bank fraud.
    (AP, 5/15/03)(WSJ, 6/30/03, p.A1)
2003        May 15, French Foreign Minister Dominique de Villepin said in an interview that France wants "lies and calumny" published in both the U.S. and British press to stop.
    (AP, 5/16/03)
2003        May 15, The economies of Germany, Netherlands and Italy contracted during the first three months of 2003 as the European Union as a whole showed no growth for the first time in almost two years.
    (AP, 5/16/03)
2003        May 15, In northern India a fire engulfed the rear three coaches of a moving express train, killing at least 39 passengers and injuring 20 others.
    (AP, 5/15/03)
2003        May 15, The Development Fund for Iraq was established to fund reconstruction projects with Iraqi oil revenue.
    (WSJ, 10/28/03, p.A4)
2003        May 15, US Army forces stormed into a village near the northern city of Tikrit before dawn, seizing more than 260 prisoners, including one man on the most-wanted list of former Iraqi officials.
    (AP, 5/15/03)
2003        May 15, Israeli troops killed 5 people including 3 youths during a raid at Beit Hanoun aimed to stop Palestinian fighters from firing rockets into Israel.
    (SFC, 5/16/03, p.A10)
2003        May 15, In Karachi, Pakistan, a series of explosions shook 18 Shell gas stations, slightly injuring four employees.
    (AP, 5/15/03)

2004        May 15, Smarty Jones won the Preakness by a record 11 1/2 lengths.
    (AP, 5/16/04)
2004        May 15, In Golden, Colorado, a 40-ton steel bridge girder collapsed on I-70 near Golden and sheered off the top of an SUV killing its 3 passengers.
    (SSFC, 5/16/04, p.A2)(AP, 5/15/05)
2004        May 15, William Hinton (b.1919), American agronomist and author: “Fanshen: A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village" (1966), died.
    (Econ, 5/29/04, p.85)
2004        May 15, Col. Robert Morgan (85), commander of the famed Memphis Belle B-17 bomber that flew combat missions over Europe during World War II, died in Asheville, N.C.
    (AP, 5/15/05)
2004        May 15, Suspected insurgents attacked a coalition combat patrol in southern Afghanistan, killing one American soldier and wounding two others. At least 122 U.S. troops have died, 53 killed in action, since the start of Operation Enduring Freedom in 2001 to topple the Taliban regime for harboring al-Qaida.
    (AP, 5/16/04)
2004        May 15, Yang Shen-sum (92), a Chinese artist who was a master of the Lingnan school of painting, died in Hong Kong. He had moved to Canada in 1988 and was in Hong Kong on a visit.
    (AP, 5/16/04)
2004        May 15, In Iraq a U.S. soldier was killed and another was wounded in a roadside bombing. The death brought to 776 the number of U.S. service members who have died since the start of military operations in Iraq last year. Of those, 566 died from hostile action and 210 died of non-hostile causes. At least 38 Iraqis were killed over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 5/16/04)(SSFC, 5/16/04, p.A3)
2004        May 15, In Iraq a US patrol was hit by a roadside bomb in Baghdad that contained the nerve agent sarin. This was the first case of an IUD used to disperse a nerve agent. In 2014 Staff Sgt. James Burns and Pfc. Michael Yandell, wounded in the attack, shared their story in a NY Times report.
    (SSFC, 12/7/14, p.A19)
2004        May 15, More than 100,000 Israelis rallied in favor of a pullout from the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 5/15/04)
2004        May 15, In Jordan a three-day World Economic Forum began. Augusto Lopez-Claros, chief economist and director of the Global Competitiveness Program in the World Economic Forum, said "oil will remain a source of instability in the world, and perhaps in the short-term it is the most significant factor."
    (AP, 5/14/04)(AP, 5/15/04)
2004        May 15, U.S. forces fought militiamen loyal to radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in Karbala, while insurgents in the northern city of Mosul attacked an Iraqi army recruiting center, killing four people and wounding 19.
    (AP, 5/15/04)
2004        May 15, Visiting U.S. national security adviser Condoleezza Rice and Russian President Vladimir Putin on Saturday discussed the next steps necessary to bring stability to Iraq.
    (AP, 5/15/04)

2005        May 15, Newsweek, in its May 23rd edition, issued a partial apology for a story from its May 9th edition that said US interrogators at Guantanamo Bay prison flushed a Quran, the Muslim holy book, down a toilet. The next day, under pressure from the Bush administration and others, Newsweek retracted the story.
    (SFC, 5/17/05, p.A1)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.32)
2005        May 15, Algerian Islamic militants with alleged links to al Qaeda killed 11 soldiers in the worst attack on government troops in months.
    (AP, 5/16/05)
2005        May 15, In southern Bangladesh at least 22 people have died and over 70 are missing after a twin-deck ferry with more than 100 aboard sank on the Char Kazal river during a storm.
    (AP, 5/16/05)
2005        May 15, The Czech Republic denied Canada its third straight title and won the world ice hockey championship 3-0 in Vienna, Austria.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2005        May 15, Ethiopia held elections. EU monitors later said the elections did not meet int’l. standards. Ethiopia's opposition soon claimed major gains in the unprecedented open parliamentary election that drew a turnout of 90%. Post election violence left close to 200 people dead.
    (WSJ, 8/26/05, p.A1)(AP, 5/16/05)(AP, 12/22/09)
2005        May 15, The bodies of 46 men shot execution-style were found dumped at an abandoned chicken farm, a trash-strewn lot and an insurgent stronghold west of the capital. Gunmen in two cars shot dead Industry Ministry official Col. Jassam Mohammed al-Lahibi and his driver in western Baghdad's Ghazaliyah neighborhood. attackers killed Shiite cleric Sheik Qassim al-Gharawi and his nephew in the capital's New Baghdad neighborhood. 2 explosions detonated about five minutes apart in a busy street as residents were heading to work in Baqouba killing four people and wounding 37.
    (AP, 5/15/05)(SFC, 5/16/05, p.A1)
2005        May 15, Gunmen freed the kidnapped governor of Iraq's western Anbar province after US troops ended a weeklong offensive in the region. 125 insurgents were reported killed along with 9 US soldiers in Operation Matador.
    (AP, 5/15/05)(WSJ, 5/16/05, p.A1)
2005        May 15, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice paid a surprise visit to Iraq to express support for its new government.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2005        May 15, In Saudi Arabia 3 reform advocates were sentenced to terms ranging from six to nine years in prison, prompting a human rights activist to call their trial a "farce."
    (AP, 5/15/05)
2005        May 15, Ali al-Dimeeni (al-Domeini), already jailed more than a year in a Saudi prison outside Riyadh, was sentenced to nine years in prison for sowing dissent, disobeying his rulers and sedition. His 1998 novel "A Gray Cloud," centered on a dissident jailed for years in a desert nation prison where many others have done time for their political views.
    (AP, 5/25/05)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.51)
2005        May 15, In eastern Uzbekistan groups of attackers killed several soldiers before fleeing across the border into Kyrgyzstan. About 500 bodies were laid out in nearby Tefektosh, where troops fired on a crowd of protesters.
    (AP, 5/15/05)

2006        May 15, Pres. Bush asked Congress for $1.9 billion to permanently expand the civilian Border Patrol. He endorsed a guest worker program and a program for citizenship for many of the estimated 12 million illegal immigrants. Bush also called for the development of a tamper-proof ID card for workers and pledged to send the National Guard to tighten security along the US border with Mexico.
    (SFC, 5/16/06, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/16/06, p.A1)
2006        May 15, The United States restored full diplomatic ties with Libya, rewarding the longtime pariah nation for scrapping its weapons of mass destruction programs.
    (Reuters, 5/15/06)
2006        May 15, Washington banned all US arms sales to Venezuela, punishing President Hugo Chavez for his ties with Cuba and Iran and for what it believes is his inaction against guerrillas from neighboring Colombia.
    (Reuters, 5/15/06)
2006        May 15, The Pentagon disclosed the names, ages and home countries of everyone held at the isolated Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in southeastern Cuba as a suspect in the U.S.-led war on terror. None of the most notorious terrorist suspects was included in the list, raising questions about their whereabouts.
    (AP, 5/16/06)
2006        May 15, Valeant Pharmaceuticals received FDA approval to resume sales of Cesamet (also called nabilone) a synthetic version of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient of marijuana, which it bought from Lilly in 2004. Lilly received FDA approval in 1985, but withdrew it from the market in 1989 for commercial reasons.
    (SFC, 5/17/06, p.A3)
2006        May 15, In Brazil prison riots and attacks on police by a criminal gang extended into a 4th day, raising the reported death toll to 70.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2006        May 15, China's official exchange rate broke through the psychologically important 8 yuan per dollar level, its highest level in more than a decade, in a move traders said might signal Beijing's willingness to allow its currency to appreciate faster.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2006        May 15, Ecuador expelled Occidental Petroleum following a dispute over the sale of oil-drilling rights by Occidental to Canada’s EnCana Corp. without government approval. Occidental filed for international arbitration.
    (WSJ, 5/16/06, p.A12)(Econ, 5/20/06, p.41)
2006        May 15, A top official said the EU will support an Iranian nuclear program that cannot be put to military use and will boost political and economic cooperation if Tehran accepts international oversight.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2006        May 15, More than 12,000 doctors across Germany went on strike in the biggest walkout in the sector since a dispute over pay flared two months ago.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2006        May 15, Indonesia’s Mount Merapi erupted violently, sending searing gas clouds and burning rocks down its scorched flanks and threatening villagers who refused to leave because of ancient mystical beliefs.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2006        May 15, In Iran Mohammadi-Ashtiani was convicted of having an "illicit relationship" with two men, according to her lawyer and London-based human rights watchdog Amnesty International. Amnesty said she received 99 lashes as per her sentence but was subsequently accused of "adultery while being married" in September 2006 during the trial of a man accused of murdering her husband. In 2010 her sentence of death by stoning was temporarily halted.
    (AFP, 7/31/10)
2006        May 15, The chief judge formally charged Saddam Hussein with crimes against humanity, including torture of women and children, murder and the illegal arrest of 399 people in a crackdown against Shiites in the 1980s. A defiant Saddam refused to enter a plea. Iraq's interior ministry arrested two al-Qaida in Iraq members: Salah Hussein Abdul-Razzaq in Ramadi and Omar Ahmed Salah in Baghdad. Two US soldiers from 3rd Heavy Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division, were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb near Balad. Gunmen killed Nazar Abdel-Zahra, a manager of a local soccer team, near his home in the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 5/15/06)(AP, 5/16/06)
2006        May 15, In Nepal David Sharp (34), a British engineer, died at about 1,000 feet into his descent from the summit of Mt. Everest. Dozens of people walked right past him, unwilling to risk their own ascents.
    (AP, 5/26/06)
2006        May 15, Northern Ireland's legislature, shut down for more than three years, sprang back to life as a first step toward forming a Roman Catholic-Protestant administration, the elusive goal of the Good Friday peace accord eight years ago.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2006        May 15, The Palestine Liberation Organization reopened its Beirut office, closed since the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon.
    (AP, 5/15/06)
2006        May 15, Zimbabwe state media reported that police, carrying out a massive monthlong roundup, had detained thousands of capital residents, charging many were responsible for crime in Harare.
    (AP, 5/16/06)

2007        May 15, Kenny Chesney collected his third consecutive entertainer of the year trophy from the Academy of Country Music.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2007        May 15, Pres. Bush tapped Army Lt. Gen. Douglas Lute as a new White House War Czar. At least 5 four-star generals had turned the offer down.
    (SFC, 5/16/07, p.A7)
2007        May 15, The US military said former Guantanamo detainees have organized a jailbreak in Afghanistan, kidnapped Chinese engineers and taken leadership positions with the Taliban. In southern Afghanistan at least 11 suspected Taliban and possibly dozens more were killed by airstrikes on Taliban compounds in the Zhari district of Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, Associated Press reported that many VA officials who got hefty bonuses last year sat on the boards that recommended the payments.
    (WSJ, 5/16/07, p.A1)
2007        May 15, Voters in southern Oregon’s Jackson County defeated a property tax measure to prop up the county’s 15 public libraries.
    (SFC, 5/17/07, p.A5)
2007        May 15, Reuters agreed to a $17.2 billion takeover by Thomson of Canada that would vault the combined entity ahead of Bloomberg to become the world's largest financial data and news provider.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, Tyco Int’l. said it has agreed to pay almost $3 billion to settle class-action suits brought by investors in the largest payment ever by a company in such a suit.
    (SFC, 5/16/07, p.C1)
2007        May 15, The Rev. Jerry Falwell (73), the television minister whose 1979 founding of the Moral Majority galvanized American religious conservatives into a political force, died.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, Karen Hess (88), culinary historian and author, died in NYC. Her books included “The Taste of America" (1977), which sounded an alarm for more healthful eating.
    (SFC, 5/22/07, p.B5)
2007        May 15, Argentine commuters in Buenos Aires enraged by delays in evening train service set fire to parts of a railroad station, looted nearby shops and clashed with riot police.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva said Brazil will push to improve working conditions for sugarcane cutters who harvest most of the cane that is turned into ethanol for the nation's booming biofuel industry. A jury voted 5-2 to convict rancher Vitalmiro Bastos de Moura of masterminding the shooting of 73-year-old Dorothy Stang, an American nun and rain forest defender on Feb. 12, 2005, in a case seen as an important test of justice in the largely lawless Amazon region. This ruling was overturned in 2008 after the man who confessed to shooting Stang recanted earlier testimony, insisting that he'd acted alone. Gunman Rayfran das Neves Sales was sentenced to 28 years in prison. In 2009 Para state's top court reversed the 2008 not-guilty verdict for Vitalmiro Moura on a technicality.
    (AP, 5/15/07)(AP, 4/7/09)
2007        May 15, PM Bertie Ahern became the first Irish leader to address the joint houses of the British Parliament.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2007        May 15, In Denmark hundreds of black-clad youths clashed with police in Copenhagen, barricading streets and setting fire to cars to protest the demolition of a building in the free-wheeling Christiania district.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, Mohammed Sayed Saber (35). an Egyptian accused of spying for Israel praised the Jewish state for its advanced technology and claimed documents he passed on were so outdated they posed no threat to Egypt's security.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, In India separatist rebels fatally shot six migrant workers in northeastern Assam state. At the heart of the violence is simmering resentment by Assam's indigenous people, most of whom are ethnically closer to people in Myanmar and China than India, against the federal government in New Delhi, some 1,000 miles to the west, and ethnic Indians who have migrated to the state over the centuries.
    (AP, 5/16/07)
2007        May 15, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad called on Gulf Arab neighbors to send experts to inspect his country's nuclear power plant, in an apparent effort to ease fears over Tehran's nuclear ambitions.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, In Iraq’s Diyala province about 50 suspected insurgents attacked a village north of Baghdad, killing five civilians and wounding 14. Two bombs hidden in plastic bags exploded in shops in central Baghdad, killing at least seven people and wounding 17. A parked car bomb exploded near a market in a Shiite enclave northeast of the capital, killing at least 32 people and wounding 50. Hospital officials and wounded victims said chlorine gas may have been used in the attack, but police denied that.
    (AP, 5/15/07)(AP, 5/16/07)
2007        May 15, A top Mexican anti-drug official said the US must do more to stop weapons from being smuggled into the hands of drug traffickers who are using them to kill Mexican soldiers and police.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, Royal Dutch Shell Plc. said protestors have occupied an oil facility in southern Nigeria forcing daily production cuts of 170,000 barrels per day.
    (AFP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, In Pakistan a suicide bomber with a warning to spies for America taped to his leg attacked a crowded restaurant in Peshawar near the Afghan border, killing at least 25 people days after a relative of the Taliban's slain commander was arrested there.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, Hamas gunmen ambushed rival Fatah forces near a key crossing along the Israeli border, killing eight people in the deadliest battle yet in three days of factional fighting.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, International observers of elections in the Philippines said they witnessed threats and vote-buying inside some southern precincts, and police said two more people were killed in violence related to the voting.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, Russia's top AIDS specialist said Russia's AIDS epidemic is worsening with as many as 1.3 million people infected with HIV as the virus spreads further into the heterosexual population.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, Serbia's parliament approved a new pro-democracy government, overcoming efforts by anti-Western ultranationalists to derail the vote and force new elections.
    (AP, 5/16/07)
2007        May 15, A Spanish anesthesiologist with hepatitis C was sentenced to prison for infecting 275 people with the virus by injecting them with morphine from the same needles he used to feed his own addiction. Juan Maeso (65) was sentenced to 1,933 years in prison. The most he can serve under Spanish law is 20 years.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, Venezuela’s health minister said Venezuela will impose a limited smoking ban in bars and restaurants but has no plans to halt the production of cigarettes and tobacco.
    (AP, 5/15/07)
2007        May 15, In Vietnam Tran Quoc Hien, a trade union organizer and member of Bloc 8406, became the 6th democracy campaigner to be imprisoned within a week.
    (Econ, 5/19/07, p.45)
2007        May 15, In Zimbabwe a spokesman said dozens of doctors at four of the largest state hospitals have gone on strike to demand higher pay.
    (AFP, 5/15/07)

2008        May 15, The California Supreme Court affirmed the right of same-sex couples to marry.
    (SFC, 5/16/08, p.A1)
2008        May 15, Anthony Pellicano (64), a Hollywood private eye, was convicted on federal racketeering and other charges for digging up dirt on well-heeled LA clients. He and 14 others were initially indicted in February, 2006. On August 29 Pellicano and entertainment lawyer Terry Christensen (64) were convicted of conspiring to illegally wiretap the ex-wife of billionaire Kirk Kerkorian. The verdicts were the result of a 2002 FBI probe into Pellicano’s business. On Dec 15, 2008, Pellicano was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
    (SFC, 5/16/08, p.B4)(SFC, 8/30/08, p.A2)(SFC, 12/16/08, p.A15)
2008        May 15, In Santa Clara County, Ca., 11 members of the San Jose El Hoyo Palmas gang were indicted on charges related to 4 homicides over the last 2 years.
    (SFC, 5/16/08, p.B7)
2008        May 15, CBS Corp. announced it was buying SF-based Cnet Networks, an Internet technology news provider, for $1.8 billion in cash.
    (SFC, 5/16/08, p.C1)
2008        May 15, Will Elder (b.1921), founding artist at Mad Magazine (1952), died. After Mad he established himself at Playboy where he produced the “Little Annie Fanny" cartoon.
    (WSJ, 5/17/08, p.A8)
2008        May 15, Bob Florence (b.1932), a Grammy Award sinning bandleader, died in LA. His 18-piece Bob Florence Limited Edition band was considered one of the most musically challenging bands in jazz.
    (SFC, 5/27/08, p.B3)
2008        May 15, Willis Eugene Lamb Jr. (b.1913), Nobel Prize winning physicist (1955), died.
    (SFC, 5/23/08, p.B10)(http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1955/lamb-bio.html)
2008        May 15, In western Afghanistan a suicide bomber wearing a burqa attacked a police patrol at a crowded market, killing at least 12 people and wounding 27 others. Taliban militants attacked the compound of the Shinkay district chief in Zabul province. The ensuing hour-long gun battle left 5 Taliban dead and 6 wounded.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(AP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 15, Britain's third-biggest bank, said that first quarter profits fell after suffering a 1.0 billion-pound (1.25 billion-euro, 1.95 billion-dollar) hit from the global credit crunch.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, China warned the death toll from this week's earthquake could soar to 50,000, while the government issued a public appeal for rescue equipment as it struggled to cope with the disaster.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, In Egypt Abdullah Kamel Mohammed (42) man was sentenced to 1,000 years behind bars after scamming hundreds of people out of 280 million pounds (around 52 million dollars).
    (AFP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, In France hundreds of thousands of teachers and other public sector workers went on strike to protest jobs cuts and other changes proposed by Pres. Sarkozy’s government.
    (WSJ, 5/16/08, p.A8)
2008        May 15, Gambia’s Pres. Yahya Jammeh ordered homosexuals to leave the country and in a televised speech threatened to cut off the head of anyone discovered to be gay.
    (SFC, 6/3/08, p.A3)
2008        May 15, In Greece the 2 largest labor unions staged strikes to protest pension changes and recent privatizations.
    (WSJ, 5/16/08, p.A8)
2008        May 15, In northeastern India suspected rebels gunned down 11 people in two attacks in Assam state. Rebels allegedly stopped four cement company trucks and shot 10 employees in the vehicles before setting the trucks on fire. In a separate attack, militants shot at a moving train, killing the conductor and injuring three others.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, Government troops began house-to-house searches for al-Qaida in Iraq militants in Mosul, part of a major security operation to cleanse Iraq's third largest city from cells of the terror network. An Iranian Embassy convoy came under fire in Baghdad, wounding four people, including three Iranians and an Iraqi. Overnight and early morning clashes between US-backed Iraqi forces and militiamen loyal to al-Sadr left eight men killed and 19 wounded.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(AP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 15, Italian police announced the arrest of hundreds of suspected illegal immigrants in a sign of the new right-wing government's determination to clamp down. Police had arrested 383 people sing May 7.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(WSJ, 5/16/08, p.A8)
2008        May 15, The Hezbollah-led opposition and US-backed government reached a deal to end Lebanon's worst violence since the 1975-90 civil war, now that the Cabinet has reversed measures aimed at reining in the Iranian-backed militants. The violence had left at least 81 people dead.
    (AP, 5/15/08)(Econ, 5/24/08, p.67)
2008        May 15, In Mexico Pres. Calderon held a signing ceremony for an agreement with Elba Esther Gordillo, head of the national teacher’s union, to promote the “Alliance for Educational Quality, an effort to improve teacher quality.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.55)
2008        May 15, Myanmar's junta warned that legal action would be taken against people who trade or hoard international aid as the cyclone's death toll soared above 43,000. Myanmar announced that a constitution won massive support in a referendum, a claim slammed by a leading rights group as an insult to the country's people.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, In Nigeria a huge explosion was triggered when an excavator accidentally pierced an oil pipeline. The Nigeria Red Cross said some 100 people were killed in a blaze that lasted more than a day. A local government official put the death toll at 15.
    (AFP, 5/16/08)
2008        May 15, European and Latin American leaders gathered in Peru for their fifth summit in a decade with plans to tackle climate change, high food prices and poverty.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, An unmanned Russian cargo ship blasted off with supplies, equipment and gifts for the international space station.
    (AP, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, A body representing genocide survivors said Generosa Mukanyonga (90), a Rwandan genocide survivor, was stabbed and burned to death by a gang that included four assailants who had confessed to taking part in the 1994 slaughter.
    (Reuters, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, In Sudan thousands of civilians fled clashes between former north-south civil war foes in the oil-rich central town of Abyei. The SPLM said more than $1 billion in oil revenues from Abyei has been taken by the ruling National Congress Party rather than shared with the south as the peace deal prescribes.
    (Reuters, 5/15/08)
2008        May 15, Zimbabwe's opposition reacted furiously to the prospect of a run-off poll being delayed until the end of July, accusing authorities of flouting the law to help Robert Mugabe cling to power. Zimbabwe introduced a new half-a-billion dollar bank note in a bid to tackle cash shortages fed by rampant inflation.
    (AFP, 5/15/08)

2009        May 15, General Motors said it plans to eliminate some 1,000 of 6,000 showrooms over the next year in an effort to boost profits by lessening competition among dealers.
    (SFC, 5/16/09, p.C1)
2009        May 15, San Francisco’s Mayor Newsom said that 1,000 city workers would lose their jobs in the coming months to help close a growing budget deficit. The city’s biggest union this week rejected $38 million in wage concessions.
    (SFC, 5/16/09, p.A1)
2009        May 15, A Minnesota couple who refused chemotherapy for their son, Daniel Hauser (13), was ordered to have the boy re-evaluated to see if he would still benefit from cancer treatment for his Hodgkin’s lymphoma, or if it may already be too late. On May 18 Colleen Hauser Daniel, who has Hodgkin's lymphoma, apparently left their home sometime after a doctor's appointment and court-ordered X-ray showed his tumor had grown. Hauser and her son returned on May 25 and agreed to medical treatment.
    (AP, 5/15/09)(SFC, 5/16/09, p.A5)(AP, 5/20/09)(AP, 5/26/09)(SFC, 5/27/09, p.A4)
2009        May 15, In eastern Afghanistan 2 NATO were killed in fighting with insurgents. In southern Helmand province 22 Taliban militants, including three regional commanders, were killed in overnight fighting.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, A court-appointed liquidator reported that the Antigua offshore Stanford International Bank, at the center of an alleged Ponzi scheme by a wealthy Texas businessman, had a $6 billion shortfall between assets and liabilities, confirming fears that investors will likely get little of their money back.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, Britain's expense scandal widened with the suspension of a justice minister who claimed more than 65,000 pounds ($98,000) in housing costs over three years. The Daily Telegraph reported that Justice Minister Shahid Malik put in the claims while he was given a discounted rent of 100 pounds ($150) a week by a local landlord.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, The Wolfram Alpha Internet search engine was officially launched. Stephen Wolfram, British physicist, described it as a “computational knowledge engine." It was created to compute answers from its own source of materials.
    (Econ, 5/16/09, p.86)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfram_Alpha)(Econ, 6/4/11, TQ p.30)
2009        May 15, Microsoft Corp. announced a 3-year partnership aimed at helping make the eastern Chinese city of Hangzhou a model for innovation and protection of intellectual property, in the company's latest attempt to combat rampant software piracy.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, In Egypt a three-year-old boy from north Egypt tested positive for the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu in the second such case in two days. This brought to 71 the number of bird flu infections in Egypt.
    (AFP, 5/16/09)
2009        May 15, Among perks enjoyed by EU Parliament lawmakers: flying no-frills and expensing the cost of a full fare ticket, listing spouse or child as aides and paying them fat salaries, wining-and-dining friends at Michelin-starred restaurants and billing the taxpayer. Unprecedented reforms, agreed in long and difficult negotiations, mean the incoming 736 assembly members of the EU assembly will earn far less than their predecessors and face far stricter spending rules.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, Lakhdar Boumediene (43), a Guantanamo Bay prisoner who was at the center of a Supreme Court battle over inmates' rights, arrived in France, which agreed to take in the Algerian in a gesture to the Obama administration.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, In Hong Kong 63 governments approved the Int’l. Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships. It aimed to make the business of scrapping ships safer and greener by requiring higher standards at recycling yards mostly located in South Asia. 107 environmental rights groups complained that the UN accord, doesn’t go far enough.
    (SFC, 5/16/09, p.A2)
2009        May 15, Hugh Van Es (67), a Dutch photojournalist, died in Hong Kong. He covered the Vietnam War and recorded the most famous image of the fall of Saigon in 1975, a group of people scaling a ladder to a CIA helicopter on a rooftop.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, In Indonesia 6 Asia-Pacific countries, meeting at the World Oceans Conference, agreed on a management plan to protect one of the world's largest networks of coral reefs, promising to reduce pollution, eliminate overfishing and improve the livelihoods of impoverished coastal communities. The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security covered an area defined as the Coral Triangle, which spans Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and East Timor.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, In Israel Pope Benedict XVI ended his pilgrimage to the Holy Land with his strongest call yet for the creation of a Palestinian state and telling the faithful at the site of Jesus' crucifixion that peace is possible.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, Mexico received eight armored vehicles as part of a US aid package to help the government with its nationwide fight against drug cartels. Mexican federal police announced the capture of an alleged lieutenant of the Sinaloa drug cartel. Mario Gonzalez Martinez was described as one of the most trusted aides of Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Martinez was captured along with four alleged accomplices in the western state of Jalisco.
    (AP, 5/16/09)
2009        May 15, Nicaraguans awoke to find that the Central Bank, moving in the night as stealthily as the Tooth Fairy, had snuck a new legal tender into their economy while the markets were sound asleep.
    (www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1900518,00.html?xid=rss-world-cnn)
2009        May 15, In Nigeria the rebel Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) declared "all-out war" in the southern oil-producing region. The Nigerian military rescued 10 hostages from militants in the southern oil region and destroyed the camp where the victims were being held.
    (AFP, 5/15/09)(AP, 5/16/09)
2009        May 15, North Korea said it has scrapped all wage and rent agreements with South Korea at a joint industrial estate and told some 100 South Korean companies to leave if they cannot accept it.
    (AFP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, Pakistani forces killed 55 Taliban in the northwestern valley of Swat, and lifted a curfew to allow thousands more civilians to flee before troops assail the Taliban-held main town of Mingora. Militants had mounted a counterattack, and three soldiers were killed and 11 wounded in various clashes over the previous 24 hours.
    (AP, 5/15/09)
2009        May 15, In Peru a national Indian representative said Amazon Indians who have been blocking roads, waterways and a state oil pipeline since April are declaring an "insurgency" against Peru's government for refusing to repeal laws that the protesters say make it easier for foreign companies to take their lands. The next day they said they would withdraw the call for an insurgency against the government, but vowed to press ahead with their protests.
    (AP, 5/16/09)
2009        May 15, Polish gas firm PGNiG announced that it had signed a deal with the Qatari firm Qatargas for the supply of one million tons of liquefied natural gas (LNG) per year.
    (AP, 5/30/09)
2009        May 15, In Spain police arrested of Raffaele Amato, an alleged Camorra boss who investigators say was one of Italy's top cocaine importers.
    (AP, 5/19/09)

2010        May 15, Oil leaking from the ruptured well pipe in the Gulf of Mexico washed ashore in two new locations, as BP’s latest attempt to contain the spill faltered. Experts warned that the spill may be growing more than ten times faster than previous Coast Guard estimates of 5,000 barrels (210,000 gallons) a day.
    (AFP, 5/15/10)
2010        May 15, In Fresno, Ca., police arrested 60 people and impounded 37 vehicles as part of a crackdown on gangs that began last month.
    (SFC, 5/17/10, p.A4)
2010        May 15, In Maryland jockey Martin Garcia rode “Lookin At Lucky" to victory in the Preakness Stakes.
    (SFC, 5/17/10, p.A1)
2010        May 15, Afghan police officers came under attack from insurgents while working to defuse a roadside bomb in eastern Paktia province. One militant was killed and two others arrested after a gunbattle. Zabiullah Mujahid, a Taliban spokesman, boasted that the group had kidnapped and killed 4 Afghan interpreters in Khost province. Insurgents attacked a convoy in Andar district of Ghazni province, killing one private security guard and injuring two others.
    (AP, 5/16/10)(SSFC, 5/16/10, p.A7)(AP, 5/17/10)
2010        May 15, In Australia Jessica Watson (16) became the youngest person to sail around the globe solo, nonstop and unassisted when she cruised into Sydney Harbor in her pink, 34-foot (10m) yacht to a rock star welcome of thousands. Her feat will not be considered an official world record, because the World Speed Sailing Record Council discontinued its "youngest" category.
    (AP, 5/15/10)
2010        May 15, In Brazil a fire destroyed what may be the world's largest scientific collection of dead snakes, spiders and scorpions. The Instituto Butantan’s collection of nearly 80,000 specimens was the main source for research on thousands of species.
    (AP, 5/16/10)
2010        May 15, British PM David Cameron and Afghan President Hamid Karzai agreed to strengthen ties between London and Kabul in the first meeting between the new British PM and a foreign leader.
    (AFP, 5/15/10)
2010        May 15, In Cuba hundreds of gay and lesbian activists, some dressed in drag and others sporting multicolored flags representing sexual diversity, marched and danced through the streets of Havana along with the daughter of Cuban President Raul Castro as part of a celebration aimed at eliminating homophobia around the world.
    (AP, 5/15/10)
2010        May 15, In central India Maoist rebels kidnapped and killed six villagers in a thickly forested area of Chattisgarh state, alleging that the men were police informants. Their bodies were found the next day. The rebels were currently present in 20 of the country's 28 states with an estimated 10,000 to 20,000 fighters.
    (AP, 5/16/10)
2010        May 15, In Iran prosecutor Abbas Jafari Dolatabadi confirmed the death sentence for six opposition activists arrested in protests after last year's disputed presidential election. They included Ahmad Daneshpour Moghadam, Mohsen Daneshpour Moghadam and Alireza Ghanbari, who were arrested after opposition protests during the Shiite mourning holiday of Ashura last December. Mohammad Ali Saremi, Jafar Kazemi and Mohammad-Ali Haj-Aghai were arrested in September.
    (AFP, 5/15/10)
2010        May 15, The Israeli army gunfire killed farmer Fuad Abu Matar (75) and wounded another Palestinian near northern Gaza's border with the Jewish state.
    (AFP, 5/15/10)
2010        May 15, Moshe Greenberg (81), an influential Bible scholar, died in Jerusalem. His work won the first-ever Israel Prize for biblical studies (1994). His definitive two-volume commentary on the Book of Ezekiel described, among other things, how the prohibition of murder became an unbreakable taboo with the Abrahamic religions because of the rise of a belief in man's connection to God.
    (AP, 5/17/10)
2010        May 15, Former Mexican presidential candidate Diego Fernandez de Cevallos (69) disappeared. His abandoned car was found near his ranch in the central state of Queretaro. Four young men were found decapitated in northern Durango state. A message on the windshield of a pickup, allegedly signed by the Zetas gang, said the victims were involved in an attack at a bar in the neighboring city of Torreon that killed eight people earlier in the day. Cevallos was released on Nov 26 after the family paid a ransom of around $20 million.
    (AP, 5/15/10)(AP, 5/16/10)(Reuters, 11/27/10)
2010        May 15, Niger government spokesman Mahamane Laouali Dan Dah said that more than 21,000 tons of food would be given to 1.5 million people in need.
    (AP, 5/15/10)
2010        May 15, In Pakistan a suspected US missile strike killed at least five people in the northwest Khyber tribal region. Militants armed with assault rifles kidnapped about 60 people in a troubled tribal region in the northwest in the Kurram region after ambushing their vehicles.
    (AP, 5/15/10)
2010        May 15, Bitter Palestinian rivals marched together in a rare show of unity as they marked 62 years of displacement in the war surrounding Israel's creation. The Egyptian border post at Rafah in southern Gaza was opened for the first time in 10 weeks. Some 300 Palestinians crossed the border and that 8,000 others were expected to follow during the opening due to last three days.
    (AP, 5/15/10)(AFP, 5/15/10)
2010        May 15, In Rwanda 2 people were killed and 27 others wounded during two separate grenade attacks in the capital Kigali.
    (AFP, 5/16/10)
2010        May 15, Sudanese authorities arrested Islamist opposition leader Hassan al-Turabi and closed his newspaper, sparking a furious reaction from the country's opposition. A coalition of 17 opposition parties, including the heavyweight Umma party, signed a statement condemning Turabi's arrest as a "violation against freedoms and democratic transformation and the constitution."
    (AFP, 5/16/10)(Econ, 6/5/10, p.54)
2010        May 15, Thailand's PM Abhisit Vejjajiva defended the deadly army crackdown on the Red Shirt protesters besieging the capital, saying there was no turning back as clashes raged in the center of Bangkok. Violence Bangkok claimed 8 more lives as the embattled premier vowed no turning back and the army threatened a crackdown on thousands of protesters.
    (AP, 5/15/10)(AFP, 5/15/10)

2011        May 15, San Francisco celebrated the 100th anniversary of its 7.46 mile Bay to Breakers race. Organizer’s hired guards to confiscate alcohol and banned iconic floats.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A1)
2011        May 15, In Illinois a fire in an apartment building in Aurora, a suburb of Chicago, killed 6 people, including 3 children.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A4)
2011        May 15, In southern Afghanistan a British marine was killed in a blast while searching a compound in the Nad-e Ali district of Helmand Province.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, In China a one dog per family policy went into effect in Beijing.
    (SSFC, 5/15/11, p.A5)
2011        May 15, Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil al-Araby was elected the new secretary-general of the Arab League.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A2)
2011        May 15, Egypt's Pope Shenouda, head of the Orthodox Coptic church, called on Christians to abandon a demonstration against attacks on their community after a clash overnight left 78 wounded.
    (Reuters, 5/16/11)
2011        May 15, Germany’s Welt am Sonntag newspaper said the government is prepared to pay a billion euros ($ 1.4 billion) in subsidies over the next two years to help its industry develop electric cars.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, In northern Guatemala assailants killed at least 29 people, decapitating most of the victims, on a ranch in Caserio La Bomba, Peten province, an area plagued by drug cartels.
    (AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Hong Kong-based Galaxy Entertainment opened is new $1.9 billion Galaxy casino in Macao.
    (Econ, 5/21/11, p.70)
2011        May 15, In India police said 2 Muslim mothers in Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh state, have been arrested on accusations they killed their daughters for dishonoring the family by eloping with Hindu men. Newlyweds Zahida (19) and Husna (26) were strangled last week when they returned home after getting married to men of their choice.
    (AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said he has temporarily assumed the duties of the oil ministry. A day earlier Ahmadinejad dismissed oil minister Masoud Mirkazemi, alongside two other ministers without parliamentary approval.
    (AFP, 5/16/11)(AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 15, In Iraq gunmen broke into a house and fatally shot a family of three as they slept in Baghdad’s mixed Sunni-Shiite neighborhood of Baiyaa. Separately, mortar rounds struck in central Baghdad, killing two.
    (AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Israeli troops clashed with Arab protesters along three hostile borders, leaving at least 12 people dead and dozens wounded in an unprecedented wave of violence marking the anniversary of the mass displacement of Palestinians surrounding Israel's establishment in 1948. Israeli gunfire killed two protesters and wounded dozens as civilians crossed from Syria onto the annexed Golan Heights, raising tensions between Damascus and the Jewish state. 10 of the dead were Palestinian refugees living in Lebanon.
    (AP, 5/15/11)(AFP, 5/15/11)(AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 15, Italians voted in partial local elections with all eyes on the northern business hub of Milan, a center-right stronghold of embattled PM Silvio Berlusconi.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Japan started the first evacuations of homes outside the 20-km government exclusion zone radius from the Fukushima Daiichi power plant, after the March 11 earthquake and tsunami crippled one of the country's nuclear power plants.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, A Lebanese soldier was wounded from gunfire coming from the Syrian side of the border.
    (AP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, In Libya NATO aircraft blasted an oil terminal in the eastern port of Ras Lanouf.
    (SFC, 5/16/11, p.A2)
2011        May 15, Moroccan security services used truncheons to disperse a pro-democracy protest on the southern outskirts of the capital Rabat, injuring several people.
    (Reuters, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, In Pakistan the bodies of two men, killed by Taliban militants, were found in North Waziristan. They were accusing them of spying for the United States.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Sudan said the northern ruling party won an election for governor in South Kordofan, the north's main oil state, after a vote the south said was rigged, creating a fresh flashpoint before the south secedes in July.
    (Reuters, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Sudan's army carried out air strikes against the villages of Labado and Esheraya in the troubled western Darfur region.
    (AP, 5/17/11)
2011        May 15, In Syria at least 8 people were killed in Talkalakh, the most recent casualties from a government crackdown that already has killed 850 people nationwide since mid-March.
    (AP, 5/16/11)
2011        May 15, The New York Times reported that the crown prince of Abu Dhabi has hired Erik Prince, the founder of private security firm Blackwater Worldwide, to set up an 800-member battalion of foreign troops for the United Arab Emirates.
    (Reuters, 5/15/11)
2011        May 15, Zimbabwe's central bank chief Gideon Gono said the southern African country's economy cannot sustain an election.
    (AFP, 5/15/11)

2012        May 15, In Florida Tonya Thomas (33) fatally shot her four children, ages 12-17, and then killed herself in Port St. John.
    (SFC, 5/16/12, p.A6)
2012        May 15, Henry Denker (99), American novelist and playwright, died at his home in NYC. He authored over 30 novels. From 1947 to 1956 he wrote, directed and produced “the Greatest Story Ever Told," a radio drama for which he won a Peabody Award.
    (SFC, 5/24/12, p.C5)
2012        May 15, Australian researchers said a mystery liver disease, thought to be caused by introduced weeds, is causing hairy-nosed wombats in southern Australia to go bald and die.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, British prosecutors accused former Rupert Murdoch aide Rebekah Brooks (43) and five others of obstructing justice in the first criminal charges from the News of the World phone hacking scandal.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, In China police in Beijing launched a 100-day campaign urging citizens to report on foreigners illegally living or working in the capital, after a British man allegedly tried to rape a woman.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, China began issuing new versions of its passports to include electronic chips. Inside the passports an outline of China printed in the upper left corner includes Taiwan and the entire South China Sea hemmed in by the dashes. This was later seen as a provocation since it would require other nations to tacitly endorse those claims by affixing their official seals to the documents.
    (AP, 11/23/12)
2012        May 15, In Colombia a midday bombing killed two bodyguards of an archconservative former interior minister and injured at least 39 people in a busy commercial district of Bogota.
    (AP, 5/16/12)
2012        May 15, In CongoDRC villagers marched on the UN base in the Bunyiakiri district of South Kivu province after an overnight attack which reportedly killed six people. At least 11 Pakistani peacekeepers were injured as villagers opened fire.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, The EU naval force patrolling the Indian Ocean carried out its first air strikes against pirate targets on shore, with a pirate reporting that the raid destroyed speed boats, fuel depots and an arms store.
    (AP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, Francois Hollande became president of France.
    (AP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, French energy giant Total said it has begun the operation to plug a gas leak under one of its North Sea platforms by pumping it full of mud at high pressure.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, Police in northern India probed alleged fraud in the construction of giant sculptures of elephants and low-caste political heroes that were the $1.2-billion pet projects of former leader Mayawati.  Akhilesh Yadav, the new chief minister of the state and bitter rival of Mayawati, estimated that the total fraud could be as much as 400 billion rupees once everything was taken into account.
    (AFP, 5/16/12)
2012        May 15, India said it would cut purchases of Iranian oil by 11% following pressure from the US to join a drive to isolate the Islamic republic over its disputed nuclear program.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, Indonesian police said they would not issue a permit for a Lady Gaga concert scheduled for June 3 in the capital.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, In Indonesia a critically-endangered Sumatran elephant was found dead in Aceh province, the second death from suspected poisoning within a month.
    (AFP, 5/16/12)
2012        May 15, Iran said Majid Jamali Fashi, a man convicted of playing a key role in the 2010 murder of a top nuclear scientist and of spying for Israel, was hanged today.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, In Iraq Ahmed al-Jubouri, the bodyguard for Iraq's fugitive Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, testified that he was paid $3,000 to assassinate security official Ibrahim Saleh Mahdi in November 2011 on al-Hashemi's orders. Mahdi's wife also was killed in the drive-by shooting on a Baghdad highway. Al-Hashemi has hotly denied the confessions, saying his bodyguards were tortured into making the statements.
    (AP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, In southern Kazakhstan a three-man crew, NASA astronaut Joseph Acaba and Russian cosmonauts Gennady Padalka and Sergei Revin, blasted off from the Baikonur space center on board a Soyuz craft for a four-and-half-month stay at the International Space Station. Russian charges for use of the Soyuz were $450 million per year.
    (AP, 5/15/12)(Econ, 5/5/12, p.77)
2012        May 15, In Kenya a landmine killed a policeman and seriously wounded two others, when it exploded beneath their vehicle as they escorted aid workers near the sprawling Dadaab refugee camp. Attackers fired shots and detonated four grenades outside a nightclub in the coastal town of Mombasa after they were denied entry, killing a security guard and wounding 4 people. One suspect was arrested. Both attacks were blamed on Kenyan recruits of the al-Shabab Somali militant group.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)(AP, 5/16/12)
2012        May 15, In Rome the Syrian National Council elected Paris-based academic Burhan Ghalioun as head of the exiled opposition coalition.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, Lebanese troops deployed in tense areas of the northern city of Tripoli after three days of sectarian clashes killed at least eight people in a spillover of the conflict in Syria. Officials said two of the eight people died of their wounds overnight.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, Mexican novelist Carlos Fuentes (b.1928) died in Mexico City. His books included “The Old Gringo" (1985) and “The Death of Artemio Cruz" (1962).
    (SFC, 5/16/12, p.C4)
2012        May 15, NATO invited Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari to the alliance's May 20-21 summit in Chicago, after signs that the country could be moving to reopen its Afghan border to NATO military supplies.
    (AP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, South African police fired teargas during clashes between the opposition Democratic Alliance, angered by youth unemployment over 50%, and supporters of Cosatu, the most powerful trade union in Johannesburg.
    (AFP, 5/15/12)
2012        May 15, South African police officers, tipped off by an anonymous informer, forced their way into a Johannesburg apartment where they found 10 rhinoceros horns and an elephant tusk and arrested a Vietnamese man.
    (AP, 5/16/12)
2012        May 15, In Syria regime troops "massacred" 20 people during a funeral procession in Khan Sheikhun. A roadside bomb hit a UN convoy in the town and left them stranded overnight with rebel forces. The attack came minutes after witnesses said regime forces gunned down mourners at a funeral procession nearby. Across the country 64 people were reportedly killed, including two rebel fighters and 11 regular army soldiers.
    (AP, 5/16/12)(AFP, 5/16/12)
2012        May 15, The UN World Food Program launched the distribution of cash vouchers for the purchase of food in Neteboulou, in Senegal's Tambacounda region, for people hit by poor harvests and high food prices.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 15, In the Vatican prominent Legion of Christ priest Rev. Thomas Williams admitted that he had had a relationship with a woman and had fathered a child "a number of years ago." The next day the Legion of Christ admitted that it knew Williams had fathered a child several years ago yet did not remove him from teaching morality to seminarians and speaking publicly about ethics and other church issues.
    (AP, 5/16/12)
2012        May 15, Yemeni military officials said warplanes and troops backed by heavy artillery have intensified the war against al-Qaida along at least four fronts in the south. Officials said raids mistakenly killed eight civilians and wounded 20 in Jaar and that six militants were captured in Zinjibar while four soldiers died in fighting near Lawder town. At least 44 people were killed in south Yemen including 25 Islamist militants. Yemeni officials said for the first time that the assaults were directly guided by American troops at a nearby airbase.
    (AP, 5/15/12)(AFP, 5/15/12)

2013        May 15, Pres. Obama announced the resignation of Steven Miller, acting com missioner of the IRS. US Attorney General Eric Holder promised angry lawmakers that the Justice Department will undertake a national investigation into the IRS wrongdoing. Treasury Secretary Jack Lew forced out Steven Miller. A Treasury Department Inspector General's report had detailed how the IRS in 2010 had targeted conservative groups for special scrutiny when they applied for tax-exempt status.
    (AP, 5/15/13)(SFC, 5/16/13, p.A6)
2013        May 15, It was reported that Ranbaxy Labs, India’s biggest drugmaker, has agreed to pay $500 million to resolve fraud allegations related to adulterated drugs sold in the US and lying to US regulators. A 2007 whistle-blower’s lawsuit was unsealed on May 12. Whistelblower Dinesh Thakur had resigned from Ranbaxy in 2005 and contacted American regulators regarding invented data to win approval for drugs in American and treatment for HIV patients.
    (SFC, 5/15/13, p.C3)(Econ, 9/21/13, p.65)
2013        May 15, Google announced that you can now email money, just like you would email a photo or Word document. Both parties, payer and recipient, would need Google Wallet accounts.
    (Yahoo News, 5/16/13)
2013        May 15, NASA reported that the Kepler telescope, launched in 2009, was in trouble.
    (Econ, 6/8/13, p.83)
2013        May 15, In Kentucky a Humvee carrying 6 Navy SEALS overturned at Fort Know killing one of the men.
    (SFC, 5/18/13, p.A6)
2013        May 15, In North Texas at least 6 people were killed in an outbreak of spring tornadoes.
    (SFC, 5/16/13, p.A6)
2013        May 15, In Afghanistan 2 bombs exploded at a checkpoint outside a provincial governor's compound, killing at least one police officer in Jalalabad, Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 5/15/13)
2013        May 15, Fourteen members of the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq arrived in Albania from Iraq, the first of 210 set to travel to new homes in Albania.
    (AP, 5/16/13)
2013        May 15, The Arctic Council, meeting in Sweden, agreed to expand membership and provide observer status to 6 new nations including China, India, Italy, Japan, Singapore and South Korea.
    (SFC, 5/16/13, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctic_Council)
2013        May 15, Two million Argentines will get wage hikes of 24% under a deal President Cristina Fernandez brokered with six allied labor unions. Economists say inflation has been running about 25% a year, more than twice the official inflation rate of 10%.
    (AP, 5/16/13)
2013        May 15, In Brussels a plan to turn Mali into a stable democracy rather than a terrorist haven drew massive support as various nations and international organizations pledged 3.25 billion euros ($4.22 billion) to help reconstruct the conflict-ridden West African nation.
    (AP, 5/16/13)
2013        May 15, In CongoDRC at least 24 militiamen and 3 soldiers died, including a lieutenant colonel, in fighting between soldiers and Mai Mai militiamen in Beni, 220 miles (350 km) north of Goma. 5 others, who were awaiting transfer to a military training center, were also killed.
    (AP, 5/15/13)
2013        May 15, The recession across the economy of the 17 EU countries that use the euro extended into its sixth quarter, longer than the calamitous slump that hit the region in the financial crisis of 2008-9.
    (AP, 5/15/13)
2013        May 15, In Iraq a wave of bombings struck in mainly in Shiite neighborhoods, killing 33 people and raising concerns over a return to the sectarian bloodshed.
    (AP, 5/16/13)
2013        May 15, In Libya protesters and disgruntled job seekers forced the closure of the eastern Zueitina oil terminal for the second time in six months, disrupting exports.
    (AP, 5/15/13)
2013        May 15, Mexico’s Pres. Enrique Peña Nieto fired Humberto Benítez Treviño, the head of its consumer protection agency, because his daughter got inspectors to partly close a Mexico City bistro that didn’t give her a table she wanted.
    (SFC, 5/16/13, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/aky7v2o)
2013        May 15, Dutch sociologist Saskia Sassen was awarded Spain's Prince of Asturias social sciences prize for her work in the field of globalization and urban sociology. The jury said that one of her greatest scientific contributions was "her concept of the 'global city', now accepted and used worldwide."
    (AP, 5/15/13)
2013        May 15, In Pakistan Mujahid Hussain, chief of disaster management efforts in the Kurram tribal area, said an estimated 35,000 and 49,000 have left their villages following a new offensive by the military against militants.
    (AP, 5/15/13)
2013        May 15, Violence erupted as the Palestinians held an annual day of mourning and protests over the displacement of Palestinians following Israel's creation in 1948. Police say Jewish worshippers inside the Old City of Jerusalem were attacked during the unrest.
    (AP, 5/16/13)
2013        May 15, Syrian rebels launched a coordinated assault on the main prison in the northern city of Aleppo in an attempt to free hundreds of regime opponents believed to be held in the facility. An Internet blackout engulfed the country for the second time in two weeks.
    (AP, 5/15/13)
2013        May 15, The Vatican ordered disgraced Scottish Cardinal Keith O'Brien to leave Scotland for several months to pray and atone for sexual misconduct, issuing a rare public sanction against a "prince of the church" and the first such punishment meted out by Pope Francis.
    (AP, 5/15/13)
2013        May 15, In Vietnam a law, known as "Decision 20", came into effect. It requires that translation and editing be performed by an agency licensed by the government and that content is "appropriate to the people's healthy needs and does not violate Vietnamese press law." It also states that commercials running on foreign channels must be made in Vietnam.
    (AP, 5/16/13)

2014        May 15, A US federal judge upheld registration requirements that are part of gun laws in Washington DC.
    (SFC, 5/16/14, p.A5)
2014        May 15, In California an estimated 50,000 gallons of crude oil spilled over a half-mile area due to a break in an above-ground pipeline in Atwater Village, Los Angeles. The spill was soon downgraded to 10,000 gallons.
    (Reuters, 5/15/14)(SFC, 5/16/14, p.A6)
2014        May 15, A federal judge in Las Vegas imposed a 20-year sentence on David Camez (22) for his role in what authorities say is an unprecedented criminal case involving an international cybercrime syndicate with hundreds of thousands of US victims. He was already is serving a seven-year term in Arizona for similar crimes. He also was ordered to share in restitution of nearly $51 million.
    (AP, 5/16/14)
2014        May 15, In Afghanistan a shootout between Afghan and Pakistani border guards killed one Afghan policeman in a remote southern region where the border between the two countries is poorly marked.
    (AP, 5/15/14)
2014        May 15, An Azerbaijan opposition journalist Parviz Gashimly was sentenced on to eight years in prison in a case critics say highlights a government-led crackdown on dissent in the oil-rich former Soviet republic. He was arrested last September after police raided his apartment and reported finding firearms.
    (Reuters, 5/15/14)
2014        May 15, In central Bangladesh the M.V. Miraz-4 ferry carrying more than 100 passengers capsized in the River Meghna after being hit by a storm. Some 25 people swam to safety. 54 bodies were recovered over the next two days. An unknown number remained missing.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(AP, 5/16/14)(AP, 5/17/14)
2014        May 15, Former Belgian PM Jean-Luc Dehaene (73) died. He helped set up the European Union treaty and led his nation during the 1990s when it granted increasing autonomy to its Dutch and French-speaking regions.
    (AP, 5/15/14)
2014        May 15, In Brazil protesters blocked two of Sao Paulo's main highways, burning tires, waving banners and causing chaos during the morning commute in the sprawling metropolitan area as officials braced for a wave of anti-government demonstrations in several Brazilian cities, many of them protesting the high spending on next month's World Cup.
    (AP, 5/15/14)
2014        May 15, A Chinese court sentenced Vincent Wu, a Chinese-American businessman, to 20 years in prison on charges of heading a mob that kidnapped rivals and operated illegal casinos, and rejected his claim that he was tortured by police. About two dozen other defendants in the case received sentences of between 19 months and 19 years
    (AP, 5/15/14)
2014        May 15, China’s Caixin business magazine reported that Wei Pengyuan, a senior official of the National Energy Administration’s coal department, was under arrest. So much cash ($16m) was found at his home in Beijing that investigators brought in 16 machines from a bank to count it all.
    (http://tinyurl.com/l8kd336)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.38)
2014        May 15, Prime ministers from central European countries backed Polish plans for close energy cooperation and agreed to draft joint crisis management plans for the possibility of a cut in natural gas from Russia in the coming months.
    (Reuters, 5/15/14)
2014        May 15, In Guatemala Jairo Orellana Morales (40), a suspected local Zetas leader, was captured in Zacapa province after a shootout with federal forces that killed a police officer and two others. The US government last year imposed financial sanctions against the alleged drug trafficker under the Kingpin Act.
    (AP, 5/17/14)
2014        May 15, Hong Kong started incinerating its nearly 30-ton stockpile of confiscated ivory to show it's serious about cracking down on an illegal wildlife trade that is devastating Africa's elephant population.
    (AP, 5/15/14)
2014        May 15, In Iraq a spate of bombings in Baghdad, killing at least 19 people.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(AP, 5/16/14)
2014        May 15, Israeli troops shot dead two Palestinian teens, Nadim Nuwara (17) and Muhammad Abu Thahr (16), in a West Bank clash that erupted after Palestinians marked their uprooting during the Mideast war over Israel's 1948 creation.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(Reuters, 6/12/14)
2014        May 15, Heavily armed fighters, believed to have come from Liberia, seized a border village in western Ivory Coast.  They crossed the Cavally River, which forms the boundary between the two West African neighbors, and attacked the village of Fetai.
    (Reuters, 5/16/14)
2014        May 15, Russia ratcheted up pressure on Ukraine, with President Vladimir Putin saying in a letter released today that it only will deliver gas to its struggling neighbor next month if it pays in advance.
    (AP, 5/15/14)
2014        May 15, A woman and a firefighter drowned in Serbia and hundreds of people in the Balkans were evacuated from their homes as rain-swollen rivers flooded roads, bridges and railways, closed schools and cut off power and phone service in Bosnia, Serbia, Croatia and Romania.
    (AP, 5/15/14)
2014        May 15, In Sudan Mariam Ibrahim (26), a pregnant woman doctor who married a Christian man in 2011 and who was convicted earlier this week on charges of "apostasy," was sentenced to death. The court in Khartoum also ordered Ibrahim be given 100 lashes for committing "zena" — an Arabic word for illegitimate sex. On May 27 Ibrahim gave birth to her child in jail. On June 23 the Court of Cassation canceled her sentence and ordered her release. On June 24 Khartoum airport passport police arrested Meriam Ibrahim after she presented emergency travel documents issued by the South Sudanese embassy and carrying an American visa. She was freed again on June 26. On July 16 a suit by her father to establish her as his Muslim daughter was dropped.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(AP, 5/18/14)(AP, 5/29/14)(AP, 6/23/14)(AP, 6/26/14)(Reuters, 7/17/14)
2014        May 15, In northern Syria an explosion near a border crossing to Turkey killed at least 43 people and wounded many others. Shelling on a government-held neighborhood in Aleppo killed 3 people.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(AP, 5/16/14)(SFC, 5/16/14, p.A4)
2014        May 15, In northern Thailand hundreds of armed men descended on a village and overpowered residents blocking the road to a goldmine said by locals to have caused environmental damage so that trucks could take ore away in the Khao Luang district of Loei province. Residents of Khao Luang have for years contested the mining operations of Tungkum Ltd, a subsidiary of Tongkah Harbour Plc.
    (SFC, 5/15/14, p.A2)(Reuters, 5/16/14)
2014        May 15, Ukraine’s acting President Oleksandr Turchynov told lawmakers that government forces attacked overnight an insurgent base in the city of Slovyansk and another one in nearby Kramatorsk. Rinat Akhmetov's company, Metinvest, agreed with steel plant directors, police and community leaders to help improve security in Mariupol and get insurgents to vacate the buildings they had seized. A representative of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, which had declared independence, was also a party to the deal.
    (AP, 5/15/14)(AP, 5/16/14)

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