Today in History - May 18

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526        May 18, St. John I, Catholic Pope (523-526), died.
    (HN, 5/18/98)(SC, 5/18/02)

1096        May 18, Crusaders massacred the Jews of Worms. Before embarking on the First Crusade to wrest the Holy Land from Muslim Turks, Count Emich von Leiningen and his army swept through their own German homeland, murdering thousands of Jews, whom they had declared "murderers of Christ." When Emich arrived in the town of Worms in May, the town's Roman Catholic Bishop tried to protect the Jewish population, but the Crusaders overran his palace and slaughtered some 500 people who had taken shelter there. Another 300 were killed over the next two days. The graves of the massacre victims can still be seen at the Jewish Cemetery at Worms.
    (HNPD, 5/12/99)(SC, 5/18/02)

1160        May 18, Erik IX Helgi (The Saint), King of Sweden, died. According to legends, the king was beheaded and miracles occurred after his death. Uppsala Cathedral was later built on the murder site to house his remains.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_IX_of_Sweden)(AP, 4/23/14)

1291        May 18, Sultan of Egypt and his son took the last Christian stronghold of Acre.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1302        May 18, The weaver Peter de Coningk led a massacre of the Flemish oligarchs at the French garrison (Brugse Metten).
    (HN, 5/18/99)(SC, 5/18/02)

1410        May 18, Ruprecht, Roman Catholics German king, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1587        May 18, Felix van Cantalice, Italian saint, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1596        May 18, Willem Barents left Amsterdam for Novaya Zemlya.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1604        May 18, (OS)England and Spain agreed signed the Treaty of London ending the 19 year Anglo-Spanish war.
    (AH, 6/07, p.31)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_London_%281604%29)

1619        May 18, Hugo the Great (1582-1645), Hugo de Groot or Grotius, Dutch scholar, the "Father of Int’l. Law" and author of the 1st treatise on the law of the sea, Mare liberum," was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SC, 5/18/02)(Internet)

1625        May 18, Francisco Gómez de Sandoval y Rojas, Spanish marquis of Denia, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1631        May 18, English colony of Massachusetts Bay granted Puritans voting rights and John Winthrop was elected 1st governor of Massachusetts.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1642        May 18, The Canadian city of Montreal was founded by French colonists.
    (AP, 5/18/08)

1643        May 18, Queen Anne, the widow of Louis XIII, was granted sole and absolute power as regent by the Paris parliament, overriding the late king's will.
    (HN, 5/18/99)

1652        May 18, A law was passed in Rhode Island banning slavery in the colonies but it caused little stir and seemed unlikely to be enforced.
    (HN, 5/18/99)

1653        May 18, Carel Reyniersz (48), Governor-General of Netherlands and East Indies, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1675        May 18, Jacques Marquette (37), Jesuit, missionary in Chicago, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1692        May 18, Joseph Butler Wantage Berkshire, theologian, was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1692        May 18, Elias Ashmole, antiquary, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1703        May 18, Dutch and English troops occupied Cologne.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1711        May 18, Ruggiero G. Boscovich [Rudzer J Boskovic], Italian astronomer, was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1724        May 18, Johann K. Amman (54), Swiss-Dutch doctor for deaf-mutes, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1733        May 18, Georg Bohm (71), German organist, composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1767        May 18, Thaddaus Ferdinand Lipowsky (28), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1788        May 18, Hugh Clapperton, African explorer, was born in Annan, Scotland.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1792        May 18, Russian troops invaded Poland.
    (HN, 5/18/98)

1794        May 18, The 2nd battle of Bouvines was between France and Austria.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1797        May 18, Frederik Augustus II, King of Saxon (1836-54), was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1799        May 18, Pierre de Beaumarchais (b.1732), French inventor and dramatist, died. In 2007 Hugh Thomas authored “Beaumarchais in Seville." In 2009 Susan Emanuel translated to English “Beaumarchais: A Biography" by Maurice Lever (d.2006).
    (www.theatrehistory.com/french/beaumarchais001.html)(SFC, 5/30/09, p.E2)

1803        May 18, Great Britain declared war on France after General Napoleon Bonaparte continued interfering in Italy and Switzerland.
    (HN, 5/18/99)(ON, 11/99, p.4)(SC, 5/18/02)

1804        May 18, The French Senate proclaimed Napoleon Bonaparte emperor.
    (AP, 5/18/97)(HN, 5/18/98)

1808        May 18, Jacob Albright [Albrecht] (49), German-US preacher, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1828        May 18, The Battle of Las Piedras, ended the conflict between Uruguay and Brazil.
    (HN, 5/18/98)

1829        May 18, Bernardo Bittoni, composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1830        May 18, Karl Goldmark Keszthely, composer, was born in Hungary.
    (HN, 5/18/98)(SC, 5/18/02)
1830        May 18, Edwin Beard Budding of England signed an agreement for the manufacture of his invention, the lawn mower. He adopted the rotary blade in the cloth industry to grass.
    (SC, 5/18/02)(Econ, 12/20/03, p.118)

1832        May 18, Bonafacio Asioli, composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1836        May 18, Wilhelm Steinitz was born. The Czech-born world chess champion (1866-94) later became a naturalized American.
    (HN, 5/18/99)(SC, 5/18/02)

1839        May 18, Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte (57), countess of Lipona (anagram of Napoli), died and was buried in Bologna.
    (SC, 5/18/02)(http://gutenberg.net)

1843        May 18, United Free Church of Scotland formed.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1846        May 18, US troops attacked at the Rio Grande and occupied Matamoros.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1850        May 18, Oliver Heaviside, physicist who predicted existence of ionosphere, was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1851        May 18, The Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1852        May 18, Massachusetts ruled that all school-age children must attend school.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1860        May 18, The Republican Convention in Chicago nominated Abraham Lincoln for US president and Senator Hannibal Hamlin of Maine as Vice President. Other presidential candidates included William Seward and Salmon Chase.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1860_Republican_National_Convention)(Econ, 12/1/12, p.75)

1861        May 18, Battle of Sewall's Point VA was the 1st Federal offense against South.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1861        May 18, Friedrich Hebbel's "Kriemhildes Rache" premiered in Weimar.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1862          May 18, William High Keim (b.1813), US Union Brigadier-General, died in camp of fever in Harrisburg, Pa.
    (SC, 5/18/02)(http://home.ptd.net/~nikki/usagen3.htm)

1863        May 18, Siege of Vicksburg, MS.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1864        May 18, Jan P. Veth Bayern, Dutch painter, etcher, lithographer, art historian, was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1864        May 18, The fighting at Spotsylvania in Virginia, reached its peak at the Bloody Angle.
    (HN, 5/18/99)
1864        May 18, Battle of Yellow Bayou, LA (Bayou de Glaize, Old Oaks).
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1864        May 18, James Byron Gordon (41) Confederate Brigadier-General, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1866        May 18, French Government of De Putte resigned.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1868        May 18, Nicholas II, the last Russian czar (1894-1917), was born. He and his family, were assassinated by revolutionaries.
    (HN, 5/18/99)(SC, 5/18/02)

1872        May 18, Bertrand Russell (d.1970), English mathematician, philosopher and social reformer, was born.
    (WSJ, 9/27/96, p.A16)(AP, 1/7/99)(HN, 5/18/99)

1880        May 18, In the 6th Kentucky Derby George Lewis aboard Fonso won in 2:37½.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1883        May 18, Walter Gropius (d.1969), architect and founder of the Bauhaus school of design, was born in Berlin, Germany. "The human mind is like an umbrella. It functions best when open."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.363)(AP, 10/7/98)(SC, 5/18/02)

1884        May 18, Heinrich R. Göppert, German paleo-botanist, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1885        May 18, Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (1945-50), was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1887        May 18, Emmanuel Chabrier’s opera "Le Roi Malgré Luis" premiered in Paris, France.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1889        May 18, Jules Massenet’s opera "Esclarmonde" premiered in Paris, France.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1891        May 18, Rudolf Carnap, philosopher (German Logical Positivist), was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1896        May 18, The US Supreme Court upheld the State of Louisiana Separate Car Act in Plessy vs. Ferguson. The Plessy v. Ferguson decision allowed that as long as accommodation existed, segregation did not constitute discrimination, establishing the doctrine of "separate but equal." The decision gave legitimacy to the segregationist policies known as Jim Crow laws. The ruling that was overturned in the 1954 Brown case, which involved elementary education. The Court ruled unanimously that segregation in public education was a denial of the equal protection of the laws.
    (www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/links/misclink/plessy/)(SFC, 5/12/96, p.A-6)(Econ, 4/2/11, p.24)(AP, 5/18/03)

1897        May 18, Frank Capra, movie director, was born. He is best remembered for "It's A Wonderful Life."
    (HN, 5/18/99)
1897        May 18, A public reading of Bram Stoker’s new novel, "Dracula, or, The Un-dead," was staged at the Royal Lyceum Theatre in London, an event that roughly coincided with the book’s publication.
    (WUD, 1994 p.432)(AP, 5/18/97)
1897        May 18, Paul Dukas "L'Apprenti Sorcier Pruimtabak on the Market" premiered.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1897        May 18, An Irish Music Festival was 1st held in Dublin.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1898        May 18, Juan J. Domenchina, Spanish poet, interpreter (sombra desterrada), was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1899        May 18, The First Hague Peace Conference opened in the Netherlands as 26 nations met on World Goodwill Day. The destruction or seizure of enemy property with no military value was banned at the convention. The czar of Russia had called for a disarmament conference that, for reasons of diplomatic niceties and international rivalries, ended up in The Hague.
    (AP, 5/18/99)(SFC, 8/11/00, p.A15)(AP, 4/17/06)

1900        May 18, Sarah Miriam Peale, US portrait painter (General Lafayette-1825), was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1900        May 18, Andrew Putnam Hill, encamped at Slippery Rock with a Subcommittee in the Big Basin of the Santa Cruz Mountains, proposed the formation of an organization to save the Big Basin redwoods. The next day he passed a hat and collected $32. This was the birth of the Sempervirens Club of California. "Save the Redwoods" became its official slogan.
    (Ind, 4/24/99, p.5A)(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.C1)
1900        May 18, Britain proclaimed a protectorate over kingdom of Tonga.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1902        May 18, Meredith Willson (Wilson), composer and lyricist (The Music Man), was born in Mason City, Iowa.
    (HN, 5/18/01)(SSFC, 2/14/04, p.D12)

1904        May 18, Jacob K. Javits, US Senator-R-NY, was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1904        May 18, Brigand Raizuli kidnapped American Ion H. Perdicaris in Morocco.
    (HN, 5/18/98)

1909        May 18, George Meredith (81), English poet, writer (Diana of Crossways), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1909        May 18, Isaac M F Albéniz (48), Spanish pianist, composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1910        May 18, Passage of Earth through tail of Halley's Comet caused near-panic.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1910        May 18, Flor van Duyse (66), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1911        May 18, Joseph Vernon "Big Joe" Turner, blues singer, was born in Kansas City, MO.
    (HN, 5/18/01)
1911        May 18, San Francisco received its first shipment of red onions from Stockton and growers received $2.25 per sack for all they could deliver. Italian gardeners earned about $500 an acre from their crop.
    (SSFC, 5/15/11, DB p.46)
1911        May 18, Composer Gustav Mahler (50) died in Vienna, Austria. His wife Alma Schindler married Walter Gropius in 1915. Mahler left his 10th symphony unfinished. A 1996 recording was made based on work by Remo Mazzetti Jr. who in turn based his work on the late Deryck Cooke. In 2004 Cornell Univ. Press published “Gustav Mahler: Letters to His Wife." In 2010 Norman Lebrecht authored “Why Mahler: How One Man and Ten Symphonies Changed the World."
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, DB p.52)(AP, 5/18/01)(WSJ, 12/15/04, p.D10)(Econ, 7/10/10, p.81)

1912        May 18, Richard Brooks, director (Blackboard Jungle, In Cold Blood), was born in Philadelphia, PA.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1912        May 18, Georg von Opel, German auto manufacturer, was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1912        May 18, Maurits Binger established 2 Dutch movie companies.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1913        May 18, Perry Como (Pierino Roland Como, d. 2001), singer, was born in Canonsburg, Pa. [maybe 1912]
    (SSFC, 5/13/01, p.A27)(SC, 5/18/02)
1913        May 18, Otto Reubke (70), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1916        May 18, US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shot down German aircraft.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1917        May 18, The U.S. Congress passed the Selective Service act, calling up soldiers to fight World War I.
    (HN, 5/18/99)
1917        May 18, Satie-Massine-Picasso's ballet "Parade" premiered in Paris, France.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1918        May 18, A TNT explosion in chemical factory in Oakdale, PA, killed 200.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1918        May 18, The Netherlands Indian Volksraad was installed in Batavia.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1918        May 18, Toivo Kuula (34), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1919        May 18, Margot Fonteyn (d.1991), ballet dancer, was born in Surrey, England, as Peggy Hookham.
    (HN, 5/18/01)

1920        May 18, Pope John Paul II (d.2005) was born as Karol Jozef Wojtyla, in Wadowice, Poland. In 1978 he became the 264th Roman Catholic pope. He was the first non-Italian Roman Catholic pope since the Renaissance and wrote the international bestseller "Crossing the Threshold."
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A13)(HN, 5/18/99)(SSFC, 4/3/05, p.A12)
1920        May 18, In the 46th Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War won in 1:51.6.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1922        May 18, Dutch 2nd Chamber agreed to a 48 hour work week over the previous 45 hours.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1924        May 18, At the Olympics in Paris the American rugby team beat the French 17-3. Only France Rumania and America fielded rugby teams. Rugby was dismissed from the Olympics after rival fans rioted following the American upset victory.
    (WSJ, 7/23/96, p.A6)(Ind, 2/16/02, 6A)

1926        May 18, Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanished while visiting a beach in Venice, Calif.; she reappeared a month later, claiming to have been kidnapped.
    (AP, 5/18/97)

1927        May 18, Impresario Sid Grauman opened his Chinese Theater in Hollywood, CA.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.E6)(SC, 5/18/02)
1927        May 18, The Ritz Hotel opened in Boston.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1927        May 18, A schoolhouse in Bath, Mich., was blown up with explosives planted by local farmer Andrew Kehoe, who then set off a dynamite-laden automobile; the attacks killed 38 children and six adults, including Kehoe, who had earlier killed his wife.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
1927        May 18, "Slide Lake" in Gros Ventre, WY, collapsed.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1929        May 18, In the 55th Kentucky Derby: Linus McAtee on Clyde Van Dusen won in 2:10.8.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1930        May 18, Joao Marcellino Arroyo (68), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1931        May 18, Japanese pilot Seiji Yoshihara crashed his plane in the Pacific Ocean while trying to be the first to cross the ocean nonstop. He was picked up seven hours later by a passing ship.
    (HN, 5/18/99)

1932        May 18, Luigi Malvese, bootleg gangster, was ambushed and shot to death in front of the Del Monte Barbershop at 720 Columbus Ave, SF, Ca. A police dragnet rounded up some 1,000 "usual suspect" in an attempt to pressure the underworld to rein in its wild men. Louis Dinato, Al Capone’s tailor, was among those rounded up.
    (SSFC, 6/2/02, p.D3)

1933        May 18, The Tennessee Valley Authority Act was signed by President Roosevelt. The TVA proceed to build damns in the Tennessee Valley.
    (AP, 5/18/97)(HN, 5/18/99)

1934        May 18, The Academy Award was 1st called Oscar in print (Sidney Skolsky).
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1934        May 18, Congress approved the "Lindbergh Act", which made kidnapping a capital offense.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1934        May 18, TWA began commercial service.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1936        May 18, Alick Maclean (63), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1940        May 18, German forces under Field Marshal Georg von Kuchler (1881-1968) occupied Antwerp, Netherlands.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_von_K%C3%BCchler)

1941        May 18, An Egyptian steamer sank.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1941        May 18, Italian army under General Aosta surrendered to Britain in Ethiopia.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1942        May 18, New York ended night baseball games for the rest of World War II.
    (HN, 5/18/98)
1942        May 18, Allied forces bombed the harbor city of Kupang (Koepang), Timor.
    (www.kensmen.com/may42.html)

1943        May 18, In Croatia Archbishop Stepinac urged Pius XII to take a firm position to hold on "to its 240,000 converts." Eastern Orthodox practitioners had converted to Catholicism to escape death camps.
    (WSJ, 5/20/99, p.A21)
1943        May 18, Allied bombers attacked Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Sea.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1944        May 18, The Allies in Italy finally captured Monte Cassino, Europe's oldest Monastic house, after a four-month struggle that claimed some 20,000 lives. The Polish 2nd Army corps, at a staggering loss of life, captured the convent of Monte Cassino.
    (HN, 5/18/99)(AP, 5/18/02)(SC, 5/18/02)
1944        May 18, The Soviet Union began the expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea. They were accused of collaborating with the Germans. Stalin deported some 250,000 Tatars from Crimea to Uzbekistan. They did not being to return home until the fall of the USSR.
    (SC, 5/18/02)(SFC, 1/4/99, p.A8,9)

1947        May 18, John Bruton, Prime Minister (Republic of Ireland), was born.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1948        May 18, "Ballet Ballads" opened at Music Box Theater in NYC for 62 performances.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1948        May 18, Arab Legion captured the fort on Mount Scopus.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1948        May 18, Saudi Arabia joined the invasion of Israel.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1949        May 18, Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America incorporated.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1949        May 18, James T. Adams, US historian (Pulitzer 1921), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1950        May 18, "Liar" opened at Broadhurst Theater in NYC for 12 performances.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1951        May 18, US General Collins predicted the use of atom bomb in Korea.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1951        May 18, The United Nations moved out of its temporary headquarters in Lake Success, N.Y., for its permanent home in Manhattan.
    (AP, 5/18/97)(HN, 5/18/98)

1952        May 18, Professor WF Libby said Stonehenge dated back to 1848 BC.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1952        May 18, Rossetter Gleason Cole (86), composer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1953        May 18, Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier as she piloted a North American F-86 Canadair over Rogers Dry Lake, Calif.
    (AP, 5/18/97)

1954        May 18, European Convention on Human Rights went into effect.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1955        May 18, 28.7 cm rain fell at Lake Maloya, NM, for a state record.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1955        May 18, Queen Juliana opened the E55 fair in Amsterdam.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1955        May 18, Mary McLeod Bethune (79), educator & civil rights leader, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1955        May 18, Edwin Scharff (68), German painter, sculptor (Rossebändiger), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1956        May 18, Queen Juliana opened the Rembrandt fairs in Amsterdam.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1957        May 18, In the 83rd Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Bold Ruler won in 1:56.2.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1958        May 18, Chairman Mao Tse Tung spoke at the Second Session of the Eight Party Congress and called for schoolchildren to assist in the elimination of the four pests, which included sparrows, rats, flies and mosquitoes. A massive 3-day campaign soon began to exterminate sparrows, which were thought harmful because they ate the peasant's grain. Numerous other birds were killed in the process and the following year a plague of locusts became a problem. In 2001 Judith Shapiro, Donald Worster and Alfred W. Crosby authored “Mao's War Against Nature: Politics & the Environment in Revolutionary China."
    (http://tinyurl.com/8gbhg)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.65)(http://tinyurl.com/7m9egc)

1960        May 18, Eileen Fulton began playing Lisa on the TV soap "As the World Turns" and continued for over 30 years.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1960        May 18, Jean Genet’s "Le Balcon" premiered in Paris France.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1961        May 18, "Donnybrook!" opened at 46th St Theater in NYC for 68 performances.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1961        May 18, Henry O'Neill, actor (Lady Killer, Nothing But Trouble), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1963        May 18, "Beast in Me" closed at Plymouth Theater in NYC after 4 performances.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1963        May 18, "If You Wanna Be Happy" by Jimmy Soul hit #1.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1963        May 18, In the 89th Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Candy Spots won in 1:56.2.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1963        May 18, It was reported that American Airlines has approved a new contract allowing its stewardesses to keep flying until they are 33, take a ground job when they reach 32, or retire at 32 with severance pay.
    (SSFC, 5/19/13, p.46)

1964        May 18, David Frost interviewed Paul McCartney on the BBC.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1964        May 18, The US Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional to deprive naturalized citizens of citizenship if they return to home country for more than 3 years.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1965        May 18, President Lyndon B. Johnson officially announced the Head Start program in the White House Rose Garden. The program was soon launched with Dr. Julius Richmond (1916-2008), former US surgeon general under pres. Carter, as the first director.
    (www.ilheadstart.org/historical.html)
1965        May 18, Gene Roddenberry suggested 16 names including Kirk for Star Trek Captain.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1965        May 18, Eduard J. Dijksterhuis (72), mathematician (Archimedes), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1965        May 18, Eli Cohen, who arrived in Syria in 1962, was hanged in a public square in Damascus for spying for Israel until his capture. As businessman Kamal Amin Thabit he worked his way into the upper echelons of Syrian government and society, feeding Israel with valuable political and military intelligence.
    (AP, 5/30/10)

1966        May 18, Paul Althaus (78), German theologist (That Christian Wahrheit), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1967        May 18, Tennessee Gov. Buford Ellington signed a measure repealing the "Monkey Law" against teaching evolution that was used to prosecute John T. Scopes in 1925.
    (AP, 5/18/07)(SC, 5/18/02)
1967        May 18, Richard Ainley (b.1910), English stage and film actor, died. His films included “Above Suspicion" (1943).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Ainley)
1967        May 18, Andy Clyde (75), Scottish movie and TV actor, died. He is remembered for his roles as a comic sidekick, usually teaming with William Boyd in the Hopalong Cassidy series.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andy_Clyde)
1967        May 18, In Mexico schoolteacher Lucio Cabanas began a guerilla campaign in Atoyac de Alvarez, west of Acapulco in the state of Guerrero. The government responded with widespread repression and hundreds of civilians were killed or disappeared.
    (SFEC, 9/30/96, p.A12)

1968        May 18, In Maryland’s 94th Preakness Ismael Valenzuela aboard Forward Pass won in 1:56.8.
    (http://gallery.pictopia.com/bloodhorse/gallery/6826/photo/1259538/)

1969        May 18, "Canterbury Tales" closed at Eugene O'Neill in NYC after 121 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=3455)
1969        May 18, In Vietnam two battalions of the 101st Airborne Division assaulted Hill 937 (Hamburger Hill) but could not reach the top because of muddy conditions.
    (HN, 5/18/00)
1969        May 18, Astronauts Eugene A. Cernan, Thomas P. Stafford and John W. Young blasted off aboard Apollo 10.
    (AP, 5/18/97)

1971        May 18, The documentary "Powers That Be" aired for one time and went under litigation from PG&E. Don Widener (d.2003 at 72) produced the work about environmental and nuclear dangers.
    (SFC, 5/2/03, p.A26)
1971        May 18, President Nixon rejected the 60 demands of the Congressional Black Caucus.
    (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=3013)
1971        May 18, The last victim of Wayne Boden (1948-2006), Canadian serial killer and rapist, was found. He earned the nickname "the Vampire Rapist" because he had the penchant of biting the breasts of his victims.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayne_Boden)
1971        May 18, The 3rd Bulgarian constitution went into effect.
    (www.servat.unibe.ch/icl/bu00000_.html)

1972        May 18, "Me & The Chimp" last aired on CBS-TV.
    (www.tv.com/me-and-the-chimp/show/4167/summary.html)
1972        May 18, Eero Aukusti Sipila (53), Finnish composer, died.
    (http://meteli.net/eerosipila)

1973        May 18, Russian party leader Brezhnev visited West Germany.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1973-5/1973-05-18-CBS-12.html)
1973        May 18, Jeannette Rankin (b.1880) of Montana, the 1st US Congresswoman (1917-19, 41-43), died in California.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeannette_Rankin)

1974        May 18, "The Streak" by Ray Stevens hits #1.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Streak)
1974        May 18, India became the sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb. India conducted its first nuclear tests and then halted testing. India had exploited the civilian nuclear help it received under America’s “Atoms for Peace" initiative.
    (WSJ, 4/2/96, p.A-10)(SFC, 4/27/98, p.A12)(HN, 5/18/98)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.48)
1974        May 18, World's tallest structure, a 646-m Polish radio mast, was completed. It fell down Aug 8, 1991.
    (WSJ, 2/3/97, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw_radio_mast)

1975        May 18, Leroy Anderson (b.1908), American composer, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leroy_Anderson)

1976        May 18, In San Francisco the Bay View Federal Savings and Loan agreed to yield to the demands of the New World Liberation Front that it remove 4 dilapidated buildings it owned on Capp St. in exchange for removal from a bombing list.
    (SFC, 5/18/01, p.WBb5)
1976        May 18, In San Francisco Jenny Read (29), an artist and sculptor, was raped and killed at her Potrero Hill home. She was stabbed 13 times. In 2013 DNA evidence led to the conviction of James Mayfield (67) for her murder.
    (SFC, 10/11/13, p.D8)
1976        May 18, Zelmar Michelini and Hector Gutierrez, prominent Uruguayan lawmakers, were seized from their homes in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Their bullet-riddled bodies were found days later along with those of suspected rebels suspected guerrillas William Whitelaw and Rosario Barredo.
    (AP, 11/17/06)

1978        May 18, Russian dissident Yuri Orlov was sentenced to 7 years in a strict-regime labor camp. The Russian physicist was arrested Feb 10, 1977.
    (www.newyorker.com/search/query?keyword=Orlov%200044%20%20Yuri)

1980        May 18, At 8:32 a.m. Mount Saint Helens, in Washington, erupted. It burst 3 times in 24 hours after rumbling for two months and left 57 people dead or missing. The mountain lost over 1,300 feet of elevation and gained a two-mile-long and one mile-wide crater.
    (AAM, 3/96, p.84)(AP, 5/18/97)(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A15)(HN, 5/18/02)
1980        May 18, China People's Republic launched its 1st intercontinental rocket.
    (www.astronautix.com/articles/chidoors.htm)
1980        May 18, In the South Korean city of Kwangju (Gwangju), townspeople and students began a nine-day uprising that was finally put down by troops. The region was the home of opposition leader Kim Dae-jung.
    (AP, 5/18/00)(SSFC, 11/30/03, p.C10)
1980        May 18, Former president Fernando Belaunde Terry was elected president of Peru. Democracy was restored and the media was free again.
    (SFC, 12/20/96, p.B4)(SFC, 8/23/01, p.A11)(SFC, 6/5/02, p.A23)(SC, 5/18/02)
1980        May 18, Ian Curtis (b.1956), English rock vocalist (Joy Division), committed suicide. His death was later ruled as accidental.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Curtis)

1981        May 18, Arthur O'Connell (73), actor (Mr. Peepers, Second Hundred Years), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_O'Connell)
1981        May 18, William Saroyan (b.1908), American writer, died in Fresno, Ca. He wrote some 60 books that included: "The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze" (1934), "The Human Comedy," which became a 1943 film, and the 1939 play "The Time of Your Life." In 2002 John Leggett authored "A Daring Young Man: A Biography of William Saroyan."
    {Writer, USA, California, Biography}
    (SFC, 5/23/96, p.A1)(HN, 8/31/00)(SFC, 4/1/02, p.A11)(SSFC, 11/10/02, p.M1)

1982        May 18, The Rev. Sun Myung Moon (1920-2012), South Korean founder of the Unification Church, was convicted of tax evasion. Moon had moved to America in 1971. He claimed to be the second coming of Jesus Christ and that his purpose was "to unite Christianity and bring families back to God." "Moonies in America" [by Shupe et al] is a book critical of the Unification Church. Moon served 13 months in prison.
    (SFC, 10/31/96, p.A1,8)(AP, 5/18/07)(Economist, 9/8/12, p.90)

1983        May 18, The US Senate passed the Simpson-Mazzoli bill for immigration reform. It offered millions of illegal aliens legal status under an amnesty program.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3bs7j6)

1985        May 18, In the 111th Preakness: Pat Day aboard Tank's Prospect won in 1:53.4.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1985-5/1985-05-18-NBC-21.html)
1985        May 18, Tex Terry (b.1902), American film actor, died. His films included “Apache Rose" (1947) and “Timberjack" (1955).
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0856084/)

1986        May 18, "Singin' in the Rain" closed at the Gershwin Theater in NYC after 367 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4376)
1986        May 18, John Bubbles Sublett (84), tap dancer (Black & Bubbles), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1987        May 18, Sen. Paul Simon of Illinois entered the Democratic presidential race.
    (AP, 5/18/97)

1988        May 18, Daws Butler (b.1916), cartoon voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound), died.
    (www.voicechasers.com/database/showactor.php?actorid=1250)
1988        May 18, A cheering crowd in the Soviet town of Termez greeted the first Soviet soldiers as they withdrew from Afghanistan. Experts agree that at least 40,000-50,000 Soviets lost their lives in action, besides the wounded, suicides, and murders. Mujahideen continued to fight against Najibullah's regime. Some 130,000 Red Army troops fought in Afghanistan and 15,000 were lost.
    (AP, 5/18/98)(www.afghan, 5/25/98)(SFC, 10/18/01, p.A3)

1989        May 18, In China a million protestors filled Tiananmen Square.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)
1989        May 18, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev concluded his historic visit to China, which officially marked the end of a 30-year Sino-Soviet rift.
    (AP, 5/18/99)

1990        May 18, The TV movie "Return To Green Acres" aired.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1990        May 18, In the face of heated student protests, the trustees of all-women Mills College in Oakland, Ca., voted to rescind their earlier decision to admit men.
    (AP, 5/18/00)
1990        May 18, Jill Ireland (54), actress (Carry on Nurse, Family), died of cancer.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1990        May 18, East and West Germany signed a monetary union treaty.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1990        May 18, The French TGV-train hit record speed of 515.3 kph.
    (www.netfundu.com/geography/aworld/france.htm)

1991        May 18, "Hansel" won the 116th running of the Preakness Stakes.
    (AP, 5/18/01)
1991        May 18, Helen Sharman became the first Briton to rocket into space as she flew aboard a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft with two cosmonauts on an eight-day mission.
    (AP, 5/18/01)
1991        May 18, France performed a nuclear test at Muruora Island.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1991        May 18, Edwina Booth (86), actress (Trader Horn), died of heart failure.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwina_Booth)

1992        May 18, The Supreme Court ruled that states may not force mentally unstable criminal defendants to take anti-psychotic drugs while on trial unless a good reason is shown to require the medication.
    (AP, 5/18/97)
1992        May 18, Skip Stephenson (52) comedian (Real People), died of heart attack.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0827323/)
1992        May 18, Marshall Thompson (65), TV and movie actor and writer, died of congestive heart failure in Royal Oak, Michigan. He played Dr. Marsh Tracy, the veterinarian, on “Daktari." He was born November 27, 1925 in Peoria, Illinois.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0860471/)

1993        May 18, Voters in Denmark ratified the European Community's Maastricht Treaty on closer economic and political union.
    (AP, 5/18/98)(SC, 5/18/02)
1993        May 18, Italian police arrested Mafia boss Benedetto "Nitto" Santapaola.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1993        May 18, Heinrich Albertz (78), theologist, mayor of Berlin (1966-67), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1993        May 18, Pamela M. Cunnington (67), English architect, writer, died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)

1994        May 18, The Tropical Butterfly Garden at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opened.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1994        May 18, Israel's three decades of occupation in the Gaza Strip ended as Israeli troops completed their withdrawal and Palestinian authorities took over.
    (AP, 5/18/99)

1995        May 18, Triumphant US Republicans pushed a historic budget through the House that they said would wring an unprecedented $1.4 trillion in savings from federal budgets over the next seven years.
    (AP, 5/18/00)
1995        May 18, Elisha Cook Jr. (91), actor (Maltese Falcon, Shane), died.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1995        May 18, Alexander Godunov (45), ballet dancer, was found dead.
    (AP, 5/18/00)
1995        May 18, Robert Harris (95), English actor (Werewolf of London), died.
    (http://movies.msn.com/celebs/celeb.aspx?c=219208)
1995        May 18, Elizabeth Montgomery (62), actress (Bewitched), died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 5/18/00)
1995        May 18, Gordon Reynolds (74), musician, died.
    (http://catless.ncl.ac.uk/Obituary/1995/music.html)(www.scottishbluegrass.com/article.htm)

1996        May 18, Louis Quatorze won the Preakness.
    (AP, 5/18/97)
1996        May 18, President Clinton, seeking to deflect Republican criticism that he was weak on welfare reform, endorsed Wisconsin's welfare-to-work plan in his Saturday radio address.
    (AP, 5/18/97)
1996        May 18, India’s new defense minister, Pramod Mahajan, said that military spending would be increased and that India’s 350,000 member force in the Kashmir, bogged down by Muslim insurgency, would be given "proper powers."
    (SFC, 5/18/96, p.A-9)
1996        May 18, Sergeo Moreno Perez, regional head of the Attorney General’s office in Baja was found shot with his son on the outskirts of Mexico City.
    (SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-9)
1996        May 18, A 40 year agreement was signed between Royal Dutch/Shell and Perupetro, Peru’s state oil company. Royal Dutch will spend $2.7 bil to develop a natural gas field.
    (SFC, 5/18/96, p.D-6)
1996        May 18, Biljana Plavsic (66), vice president of the Bosnian Serbs’ self-proclaimed republic, was chosen by Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic to be his representative to the international community.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-12)

1997        May 18, "King David" opened at New Amsterdam Theater in NYC.
    (SC, 5/18/02)
1997        May 18, The 50th Cannes Film Festival awarded Golden Palms to Japanese director Shohei Imamura for "The Eel" and Iranian filmmaker Abbas Kiarostami for "The Taste of Cherry."
    (AP, 5/18/98)
1997        May 18, President Clinton announced creation of a research center at the National Institutes of Health devoted to the goal of developing an AIDS vaccine within the next decade, but offered no new federal spending.
    (WSJ, 5/19/97, p.A1)(AP, 5/18/98)
1997        May 18-1997 May 19, In Bangladesh a cyclone pounded the country and 50,000 people were evacuated from the flat coastal region. As many as 350 people were reported killed.
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A13)(SFC, 5/20/97, p.A12)(SFC, 5/21/97, p.A8)(SFC, 5/22/97, p.A3)
1997        May 18, From London it was reported that new self-cooling cans would soon hit the soft-drink market. The cans would use HFC 134a as the coolant and scientist and environmentalists feared the impact on global warming. The coolant was developed to replace CFCs and there was no int’l. control on its use.
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, p.A2)
1997        May 18, In Indonesia as elections approached thousands of anti-government partisans have crowded the streets of Jakarta to reflect their disillusionment in the government.
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A13)
1997        May 18, In Mongolia Natsagiin Bagabandi of the (MPRP) People’s Revolutionary Party, the former Communist Party, won elections with 60% support.
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A14)
1997        May 18, In Sri Lanka security forces claimed to have killed some 250 separatist Tamil Tigers and to have captured the northern town of Nedunkeni.
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A14)
1997        May 18, In Tajikistan Rakhmonov’s neo-Communist government agreed to legalize major Islamist opposition parties. Pres. Rakhmonov signed with opposition leader Sayid Abdullo Nuri.
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A14)(SSFC, 9/23/01, p.A12)
1997        May 18, In Turkey on the 5th day of a military offensive, the military reported 1,081 guerillas killed as 25-50 thousand Turkish troops crossed the Iraqi border to attack rebels of the Kurdistan workers Party (PKK).
    (SFC, 5/19/97, p.A14)

1998        May 18, The US Justice Dept. filed an antitrust action against Microsoft Corp. for embedding its own browser in its operating system, thus limiting competition from others such as Netscape. The Justice Department and Microsoft reached a settlement in 2001.
    (SFC, 5/19/98, p.A1)(AP, 5/18/08)
1998        May 18, The Supreme Court, in a sweeping endorsement of broadcasters' free-speech rights and journalistic discretion, ruled that even public stations owned and run by states need not invite marginal candidates to political debates they sponsor.
    (AP, 5/18/99)
1998        May 18, The US Customs Service ended a 3-year sting operation, Operation Casablanca, with the indictment of 3 Mexican banks and 107 people on charges of laundering millions of dollars for drug-smuggling cartels.
    (SFC, 5/19/98, p.A1)
1998        May 18, In South Korea two economic advisors to former Pres. Kim Young Sam were arrested for bringing about the economic crises. Kang Kyong Shik, the former finance minister, and Kim In Ho, the economic secretary, were charged to have lied to the ex-president about the severity of the nation’s financial problems.
    (SFC, 5/19/98, p.A16)
1998        May 18, In Yugoslavia lawmakers loyal to Pres. Slobodan Milosevic voted to oust Prime Minister Radoje Kontic, after he refused to clamp down on reformist leaders in Montenegro.
    (SFC, 5/19/98, p.A12)

1999        May 18, Pres. Clinton declared for the first time that he would consider ground troops in Kosovo if he becomes convinced that the NATO bombing strategy would not bring victory.
    (SFC, 5/19/99, p.A10)
1999        May 18, Georgette Smith, a Florida woman left paralyzed from the neck down after being shot by her elderly mother, won the right to be taken off life support. Smith died the next day, shortly after being taken off a ventilator; her mother, Shirley Egan, was later acquitted of attempted murder.
    (AP, 5/18/00)
1999        May 18, Two Serb soldiers held as prisoners of war by the U.S. military in Germany were turned over to Yugoslav authorities.
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.A8)(AP, 5/18/00)
1999        May 18, NATO missiles hit at least 4 cities in Yugoslavia and one woman was reported killed and 12 injured. Some 1000 ethnic Albanians crossed into Macedonia.
    (SFC, 5/19/99, p.A14)
1999        May 18, Britain and Iran agreed to exchange ambassadors for the 1st time in 20 years.
    (SFC, 5/19/99, p.A12)
1999        May 18, In Fiji Mahendra Chaudry was appointed as the first Indian prime minister. His coalition held 52 seats.
    (SFC, 5/19/99, p.A12)
1999        May 18, In Indonesia 3 leading reformist parties agreed to unite against Pres. Habibie.
    (SFC, 5/18/99, p.C12)
1999        May 18, In Japan the parliament enacted a law to ban child prostitution and child pornography.
    (SFC, 5/19/99, p.A14)
1999        May 18, Pres. Zedillo of Mexico planned a 3-day visit to California.
    (SFC, 5/8/99, p.A1)
1999        May 18, In Sierra Leone the government and the rebels agreed to a cease-fire to begin next week along with peace talks.
    (SFC, 5/19/99, p.A12)

2000        May 18, Sante Kimes and Kenneth Kimes, mother-and-son grifters, were convicted in New York of murdering Irene Silverman in a plot to steal her elegant townhouse mansion. The body of the 82-year-old millionaire widow has never been found.
    (AP, 5/18/01)
2000        May 18, Former Ukraine prime minister Pavel Lazarenko was indicted by a San Francisco grand jury for money laundering and transportation of stolen property. In 2003 he put up an $86 million bail and was confined to a SF apartment. In 2004 a federal judge in SF dismissed nearly half the charges against Lazarenko. On June 3, 2004, Lazarenko was convicted on 29 felony charges. His money laundering was guessed to be in excess of $40 million.
    (SFC, 6/2/00, p.A19)(SSFC, 10/19/03, p.A25)(SFC, 5/8/04, p.B3)(SFC, 6/4/04, A3)
2000        May 18, Another computer virus, described as a complex polymorph, began to spread around the world.
    (SFC, 5/19/00, p.A1)
2000        May 18, Columbia/HCA Healthcare agreed to pay $745 million to the US federal government to resolve Medicare fraud allegations.
    (WSJ, 5/19/00, p.A3)
2000        May 18, In the Dominican Republic Hipolito Mejia was declared the winner in the presidential race after his opponents withdrew.
    (SFC, 5/19/00, p.D4)
2000        May 18, Ethiopian troops captured Barentu in Eritrea and some 250-550 thousand refugees were reported displaced by the fighting.
    (SFC, 5/19/00, p.A18)
2000        May 18, In Fiji 7 men led by George Speight, a Fijian businessman, staged a coup. They stormed the parliament and seized prime minister Chaudhry and 7 cabinet ministers. At the same time a march in Suva by supporters of the nationalist Taukei Movement erupted into rioting. Pres. Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara declared a state of emergency and took command of the military.
    (SFC, 5/19/00, p.A20)(SFC, 5/20/00, p.A8)
2000        May 18, The World Bank approved 2 loans for Iran totaling $232 million.
    (SFC, 5/19/00, p.D2)
2000        May 18, In the Ivory Coast Gen. Robert Guei dissolved the interim government.
    (SFC, 5/19/00, p.D4)
2000        May 18, North and South Korea agreed to an agenda for their 1st summit meeting.  In 2003 it was reported that South Korea's Hyundai business group drew $186 million from a government-owned bank shortly before the summit and allegedly spent the money on unspecified projects in the North. In 2006 it was reported that Hyundai sent some $500 million to Kim Jong Il to secure the June 13, 2000, summit with Pres. Kim Dae-jung.
    (WSJ, 5/19/00, p.A1)(AP, 2/1/03)(Econ, 10/28/06, p.49)(Econ, 8/29/09, p.76)
2000        May 18, In the Philippines explosions hit in Jolo and Zamboanga and 5 people were killed with some 58 wounded.
    (SFC, 5/19/00, p.A18)
2000        May 18, In East Timor floodwaters from monsoon rains drowned at least 50 people in refugee camps.
    (SFC, 5/19/00, p.D4)
2000        May 18, The UN called for a new land reform program in Zimbabwe as 2 more people were killed in clashes.
    (WSJ, 5/19/00, p.A1)

2001        May 18, Brazil ordered consumers and businesses to cut energy use by 20% due to shortages created by drought. Rationing was to start June 1.
    (SFC, 5/19/01, p.A8)
2001        May 18, In France Loik Le Floch-Prigent, former head of Elf Aquitane SA (1989-1994), told newspapers that millions of dollars were paid in secret commissions to African governments, Spain and Germany, with the approval of 5 presidents.
    (SFC, 5/19/01, p.A8)
2001        May 18, In Hong Kong officials ordered the slaughter of some 1.2 million chickens and other poultry to halt a deadly flu virus.
    (SFC, 5/19/01, p.A12)
2001        May 18, In Israel a suicide bomber killed 7 others and wounded over 100 women and children at a shopping mall in Netanya. Israeli F-16 jets retaliated and killed at 10 Palestinian security personnel in 3 Palestinian cities. Near the Neve Tzuf Jewish settlement Yair Nebentzal (22) was killed by sniper fire.
    (SFC, 5/19/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/31/01, p.A1)(AP, 5/18/06)
2001        May 18, The captain and crew of a cargo ship from Bosaso forced overboard some 150 passengers after the vessel developed engine trouble. At least 86 people drowned. Somalia police arrested the captain on June 21.
    (SFC, 6/22/01, p.A16)

2002        May 18, War Emblem won the Preakness Stakes, setting up a shot at the Triple Crown. However, he came up short at the Belmont Stakes, which was won by long shot Sarava.
    (AP, 5/18/03)
2002        May 18, John Dempsey (83), cartoonist, died. His work lampooned contemporary America on the pages of Playboy magazine since 1954.
    (SFC, 6/26/02, p.A22)
2002        May 18, It was reported that the US-funded Plan Colombia had caused widespread crop damage in Ecuador. The coca leaf fumigation affected some 10,000 Ecuadorians along the Colombia border where the RoundupUltra herbicide was spread by Colombian airplanes.
    (SFC, 5/18/02, p.A11)
2002        May 18, The pan-Arab newspaper Al-Sharq al-Awsat quoted Abdel Azeem al-Muhajir, a senior al Qaeda leader, that a strike against the US was imminent and that the recent attack in Tunisia was its work.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A3)
2002        May 18, India and Pakistan traded fire for a 2nd day across the Line of Control. India gave its Pakistan ambassador 1 week to return home and bombarded 13 sectors in Kashmir.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A11)
2002        May 18, Hamas indicated it may run in Palestinian elections and vowed to continue suicide attacks against Israel.
    (SSFC, 5/19/02, p.A10)

2003        May 18, "Les Miserables" closed on Broadway after more than 16 years and 6,680 performances.
    (AP, 5/18/04)
2003        May 18, The US in a surprise reversal announced support for an int'l. treaty to combat tobacco use around the globe.
    (SFC, 5/19/03, p.A1)
2003        May 18, It was reported that many California community state pension expenses will soon exceed 40% of the public safety payroll.
    (SSFC, 5/18/03, p.D3)
2003        May 18, Belgium held parliamentary elections. PM Guy Verhofstadt and his center-left coalition of free-market liberals and socialists. The Greens suffered a huge defeat in both Dutch-speaking Flanders and Wallonia. The socialists scored even stronger gains than their liberal coalition partners.
    (AP, 5/19/03)
2003        May 18, In northeastern Congo the savagely killed bodies of 2 UN military observers were found after having been reported missing for several days.
    (AP, 5/19/03)
2003        May 18, Ecuadorian anti-drug agents seized three tons of cocaine in one of the nation's largest drug seizures ever. In Oct 2001 police seized 3.2 tons in Guayaquil.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 18, In Indonesia 2 days of talks between separatist rebels and government officials ended with no agreement on how to salvage a faltering peace pact and avert war in the resource-rich province of Aceh. Pres. Sukarnoputri singed a decree authorizing 6 months of martial law and ordered 30,000 government troops to crush the 5,000 Aceh rebels.
    (AP, 5/18/03)(SFC, 5/21/03, p.A3)
2003        May 18, In Kirkuk, Iraq, a weekend of Arab-Kurdish violence left at least 11 people dead and a U.S. soldier wounded.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 18, A Hamas suicide bomber killed seven passengers on a Jerusalem bus, while a second bomber blew himself up on the city's outskirts. Israeli PM Ariel Sharon postponed a trip to Washington. Israeli troops in the Gaza Strip shot and killed a Palestinian man. On June 3, 2010, Steve Averbach (44), who had been hit by shrapnel on the bus and paralyzed from the neck down, died as a result of complications from his wounds.
    (AP, 5/18/03)(AP, 6/4/10)
2003        May 18, In the Philippines the Manila Water Co dumped large doses of the disinfectant into a reservoir serving the eastern part of the capital after the young man fell into an aqueduct while picking fruit.
    (Reuters, 5/20/03)
2003        May 18, Swiss voters agreed to modernize their armed forces, overhaul the country's civil defense and keep nuclear energy.
    (AP, 5/19/03)
2003        May 18, Taiwan reported a record 36 new cases of SARS and 3 deaths.
    (SFC, 5/19/03, p.A3)
2003        May 18, In the Vatican Pope John Paul II celebrated his 83rd birthday.
    (AP, 5/19/03)

2004        May 18, Randy Johnson (40) pitched a perfect game to lead the Arizona Diamondbacks to a 2-0 victory over the Atlanta Braves.
    (SFC, 5/19/04, p.D1)
2004        May 18, Pres. Bush formally nominate Alan Greenspan for a 5th 4-year term as chairman of the Federal Reserve.
    (SFC, 5/19/04, p.C1)
2004        May 18, Former NYC fire commissioner Thomas Von Essen and former police chief Bernard Kerik came under harsh criticism from some members of the Sept. 11 commission.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2004        May 18, SF Supervisors learned that the Civil Service Commission had cut their salaries to $90,000 from $112,000 following a survey of other state municipalities.
    (SFC, 5/19/04, p.B4)
2004        May 18, Kubi, SF Zoo’s 29-year-old gorilla, died, 11 days following his May 7 surgery to remove a diseased lung.
    (SFC, 5/19/04, p.A1)
2004        May 18, In SF Chris Johnson (26) was killed in the Safeway parking lot at Geary and Fillmore just after attending a funeral for his nephew, Raymon Bass (17), who had been killed as part of a gang feud in the Western Addition. In 2008 Kevin Carradine Jr. (24) was convicted of first-degree murder for Johnson’s murder and sentenced for 77 years to life.
    (SFC, 2/27/08, p.B4)(SFC, 5/30/08, p.B3)
2004        May 18, Elvin Ray Jones (76), renowned jazz drummer and member of John Coltrane's quartet who also played alongside Duke Ellington, Charlie Parker and Miles Davis, died in new Jersey.
    (AP, 5/19/04)
2004        May 18, In Afghanistan U.S. forces killed 3 Taliban commanders and arrested five more members of the hardline militia.
    (AP, 5/21/04)
2004        May 18, Australia and the US signed a bilateral free trade agreement.
    (WSJ, 5/19/04, p.A16)
2004        May 18, An Azerbaijani cargo plane crashed in a forest after taking off from an airport in China's northwest, killing its seven-member crew.
    (AP, 5/18/04)
2004        May 18, Chechen rebels ambushed 2 military vehicles killing 8 Russian soldiers and 4-pro-Mosciw police officers.
    (WSJ, 5/19/04, p.A1)
2004        May 18, An explosion and a fire at two coal mines in northern China killed at least 22 workers and trapped 25.
    (AP, 5/19/04)
2004        May 18, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru opened negotiations in Cartagena for a free trade accord with the United States as anti-riot police clashed with protesters who say the pact would lead to job losses in the South American nations.
    (AP, 5/18/04)
2004        May 18, Colombian troops near La Salina seized 800 bullets soaked in liquid cyanide after clashes with FARC rebels left 2 guerrillas dead.
    (AP, 5/20/04)
2004        May 18, In France Myriam Delay, an unemployed mother, stunned a courtroom in the northern French town of Outreau saying she lied in accusing the 13 people of pedophilia, one of whom committed suicide behind bars. A week later she again reversed her testimony: "I was there and I saw everything... We ruined children's lives." 10 of 17 defendants were convicted in July. 6 of the 10 convicted were acquitted in 2005.
    (AP, 5/20/04)(AP, 5/25/04)(AP, 12/01/05)
2004        May 18, Sonia Gandhi announced she would "humbly decline" to be the next prime minister of India. Manmohan Singh (71), a respected Oxford-educated economist, was reported to be Gandhi's choice to become PM.
    (AP, 5/18/04)
2004        May 18, Before dawn U.S. troops killed nine fighters loyal to al-Sadr in Karbala. Ten Iraqi fighters were wounded in the clashes near the city's Imam Hussein and Imam Abbas shrines. At least five Iraqi insurgents were killed during clashes in Karbala later in the day.
    (AP, 5/18/04)
2004        May 18, Israeli troops under Operation Rainbow combed the Rafah refugee camp for weapons and gunmen in the biggest Gaza offensive in years. Twenty Palestinians were killed, including two teenagers shot as they gathered laundry.
    (AP, 5/18/04)(SFC, 5/18/04, p.A3)(SFC, 5/25/04, p.A5)
2004        May 18, Nigeria's Pres. Obasanjo declared a state of emergency in a troubled central state on, invoking sweeping powers in a bid to halt religious and ethnic bloodletting. Obasanjo sacked Gov. Joshua Dariye and dissolved the legislature in the central state of Plateau.
    (AP, 5/18/04)
2004        May 18, Brian Stewart (34), a suspected member of an outlawed anti-Catholic gang, was shot dead in Belfast. Police said a likely motive was feuding between paramilitary extremists over control of rackets and criminal profits.
    (AP, 5/18/04)
2004        May 18, A powerful typhoon slammed into the Philippines, causing at least 19 deaths on eastern islands in the archipelago.
    (AP, 5/19/04)
2004        May 18, In Uzbekistan Andrei Shelkavenko (36) died in police custody from apparent torture. Human Rights Watch said this was the fifth death from torture in Uzbek police custody since May 2003. Shelkavenko had been arrested 3 weeks earlier on suspicion of murder.
    (AP, 5/21/04)

2005        May 18, President Bush offered his unqualified support for Egypt's political reform process as he received PM Ahmed Nazief at the White House.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2005        May 18, An Internet audiotape was posted, purportedly by al-Qaida-in-Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, In which he justifies the deaths of fellow Muslims in attacks against US troops and their Iraqi allies by saying that jihad, or holy war, dwarfs all other concerns.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18-2005 May 19, Suspected Taliban militants ambushed and killed 11 Afghans working on a US-funded project to end opium farming in Helmand province. Chemonics, which employed 14,000 people, suspended operations.
    (AP, 5/18/05)(AP, 5/19/05)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.40)
2005        May 18, In Afghanistan Shaima Rezayee (24), a host on an MTV-style music show, was shot dead in the head at her Kabul home.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 18, Cambodia's legislature ratified a pact with the US exempting each country's citizens from extradition for prosecution by the International Criminal Court, an agreement sought by Washington to avoid political trials of its citizens.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, A UN report said Rwandan Hutu rebels operating in eastern Congo have killed, raped, or kidnapped more than 900 civilians over the past year.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Authorities in the Republic of Congo quarantined two districts hit by the deadly Ebola virus to ensure the highly contagious disease does not spread.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 18, Egyptian security detained 56 men in northern Egypt in the latest of a series of sweeps against the banned but usually tolerated Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Ethiopia's two main opposition parties claimed victory in parliamentary elections seen as a test of the African nation's commitment to democracy, saying they have won enough seats to form a government.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Hong Kong said it would place a cap on its currency's exchange rate to the U.S dollar, but an official denied that the move signaled China would soon revalue its currency.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Insurgents gunned down a senior Iraqi Interior Ministry official and the bodies of seven men shot in the head were found dumped west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, An Israeli aircraft fired at a group of Hamas militants who were about to shoot mortar shells at a Jewish settlement in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Police arrested nine terror suspects during raids in northern Italy in what they said was a crackdown on extremist cells accused of planning attacks in Italy and abroad.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, In Petra, Jordan, Elie Wiesel, the Dalai Lama and other Nobel Prize laureates debated solutions to challenges facing the modern world.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, Spain's Senate ratified the new European Union constitution, becoming the ninth country to approve the landmark document.
    (AP, 5/18/05)
2005        May 18, In Sudan at least 17 people were killed in clashes between refugees and police in a squatter area some 10 kilometers (six miles) east of Khartoum.
    (AFP, 5/19/05)
2005        May 18, A Muslim rebel group claimed it had seized control of Korasuv, a small Uzbek town on the border of Kyrgyzstan, and vowed to build an Islamic state.
    (AP, 5/18/05)

2006        May 18, Visiting one of the busiest crossing sectors between the US and Mexico, President Bush said in Yuma, Ariz., that it made sense to put up fencing along parts of the border but not to block off the entire 2,000 mile length to keep out illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2006        May 18, The US State Department said that 16,000 computers it bought from a US-based company partially owned by the Chinese government should be used only for unclassified work after a lawmaker criticized the purchase as potentially dangerous to national security.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, Prisoners with makeshift weapons battled guards trying to save a detainee pretending to commit suicide at the US prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The coordinated attack left six prisoners injured.
    (AP, 5/20/06)
2006        May 18, The US proposed that the 65-nation Conference on Disarmament negotiate a new treaty banning production of the nuclear material needed to make atomic bombs.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, A federal grand jury in LA indicted Milberg Weiss alleging a 20-year conspiracy by the law firm to funnel kickbacks to plaintiffs in dozens of securities class-action cases.
    (WSJ, 5/19/06, p.A1)
2006        May 18, In Florida Lionel Tate (19) was sentenced to 30 years in prison for violating probation by having a gun and robbing a pizza delivery man in 2005. The teenager had been convicted of murdering a 6-year-old girl in 1999 in what his attorneys initially claimed was a pro wrestling move.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, Burger King Holdings began trading on the NYSE at $17. The IPO closed up 2.9% at $17.50.
    (WSJ, 5/19/06, p.C3)
2006        May 18, Andrew Martinez, the famed Naked Guy at UC Berkeley (1992), died of suicide in a Santa Clara County Jail. In 2009 Santa Clara County agreed to pay $1 million to settle a wrongful death suit.
    (SFC, 5/19/09, p.B4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Martinez)
2006        May 18, In western Afghanistan a suicide car bomber rammed into two vehicles carrying foreigners, killing an American working on a counter-narcotics project and wounding two other people. A female Canadian soldier, army Captain Nichola Goddard, was killed in Kandahar.
    (AP, 5/18/06)(AFP, 5/19/06)(WSJ, 5/19/06, p.A1)
2006        May 18, In Australia officials released a 2005 statement in which Australia's national wheat exporter admitted paying money to Saddam Hussein's regime.
    (AFP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, Australian PM John Howard, during his first official visit to Ottawa, urged Canada to work with his country on climate change, much to the horror of environmentalists. Australia did not ratify the Kyoto Protocol.
    (AFP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, More than 600 Toronto police officers swooped down in coordinated pre-dawn raids across the city, arresting more than 78 people and seizing guns, drugs and large amounts of cash.
    (Reuters, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, A Canadian citizen and two US navy sailors were handed lengthy prison sentences for attempting to smuggle methamphetamine into Australia stashed in the radar dome of a visiting warship.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, A smiling Alberto Fujimori left jail after almost seven months when Chile's Supreme Court granted the former Peruvian president bail as he fights extradition to face corruption and human rights charges.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, China reported a ban on Ao Mei Ding, a breast-enlarging liquid that was approved for general use in 2000. Some 300,000 women were injected with the liquid and some reported so much pain that they had their breasts removed.
    (SFC, 5/19/06, p.A17)
2006        May 18, In northern China an underground flood trapped as 56 miners in a coal mine in the Xinjing Coal Mine in Shanxi province. 9 mine managers were soon detained after apparently trying to conceal the scale of the disaster. The last of the bodies were recovered on June 28.
    (AP, 5/21/06)(AP, 5/22/06)(AFP, 6/28/06)
2006        May 18, Typhoon Chanchu pummeled southern China, killing at least eight people and leaving 27 Vietnamese fishermen missing after their boats sank in Chinese waters.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, In Cairo, Egypt, police beat pro-reform protesters in the streets and arrested more than 300 for the second week in a row as Egyptian courts dealt new setbacks to activists seeking greater democracy.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, At least 18 people were killed and a police chief narrowly escaped an assassination attempt in attacks in Baghdad and Basra. Coalition forces killed three insurgents and wounded 10 in fighting in and around the northern city of Mosul. In Karbala gunmen killed a math teacher and former senior Baath party member as he was leaving his house. In northern Kirkuk, police reported that two people had been killed in a drive-by shooting. They also said they found the beheaded body of woman labor activist affiliated with the Kurdistan Democratic party. Four US soldiers and their Iraqi interpreter were killed when a roadside bomb struck their vehicle northwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, In Indian Kashmir one person was killed and 22 wounded in two grenade attacks by suspected Islamic militants at busy markets.
    (AFP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, In Kenya hundreds attended the burial of Robert Wambugu, a black man shot by Thomas Patrick Gilbert Cholmondeley, one of Kenya's wealthiest landowners. In 2005 Cholmondeley was charged with murder in the shooting a Massai game warden investigating reports of illegal wildlife trading. The charge was dropped for lack of evidence.
    (AP, 5/18/06)(AFP, 5/7/09)
2006        May 18, A Karen group said Myanmar troops, who have driven an estimated 15,000 Karen villagers from their homes, are throwing more battalions into a widening offensive against the ethnic minority.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, In Nepal lawmakers moved to reduce dramatically the powers of the king, calling for him to be stripped of his legal immunity, authority over the army and exemption from paying taxes. The proclamation also declared Nepal a secular state, ending its unique status as the world's last Hindu kingdom.
    (AP, 5/18/06)(AFP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 18, Thousands of police loyal to moderate Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas marched in a show of force, a day after the Hamas-led government deployed 3,000 heavily armed militants in a daring challenge.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, In South Africa a one-day national strike organized by the main trade union movement to protest poverty and unemployment hit production in the mining and car-manufacturing industries and had a patchy response in other sectors.
    (AP, 5/18/06)
2006        May 18, Sri Lanka asked donor nations to nudge Tamil Tigers to the table. EU officials agreed in principle to blacklist Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels as a "terrorist" group, in a move the rebels said would only lead to war in the country.
    (AFP, 5/18/06)(AFP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 18, Swiss astronomers reported the discovery of a 3-planet system circling the star HD69830 in the constellation Puppis.
    (SFC, 5/18/06, p.A6)

2007        May 18, The White House and Congress failed to strike a deal after exchanging competing offers on an Iraq war spending bill that Democrats said should set a date for US troops to leave.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2007        May 18, US federal prosecutors asked a judge to immediately freeze the assets of former Qwest Communications International Inc. Chief Executive Joseph Nacchio, who was convicted last month of making $52 million from insider trading.
    (Reuters, 5/20/07)
2007        May 18, In New Jersey a second rainstorm in three days soaked a forest fire and raised hopes that it could be brought under full control by day's end. New Jersey Air National Guard officials said one of their F-16s dropped a flare into the tinder-dry Pinelands during a training mission May 15, possibly starting the blaze.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, Deep-sea explorers of Florida-based Odyssey Marine Exploration said they have mined what could be the richest shipwreck treasure in history, bringing home 17 tons of colonial-era silver and gold coins from an undisclosed shipwreck off England. The estimated value was $500 million.
    (AP, 5/18/07)(WSJ, 5/19/07, p.A1)
2007        May 18, Microsoft agreed to buy online-ad specialist aQuantive for $6 billion, the largest acquisition in Microsoft’s history.
    (WSJ, 5/19/07, p.A1)
2007        May 18, Roy De Forest (77), prominent SF Bay Area painter, died.
    (SFC, 5/23/07, p.B7)
2007        May 18, The Taliban said it had arrested a close aide to the rebel movement's slain commander Mullah Dadullah for treachery that led to his killing. Soldiers from the Afghan army and a coalition led by the US killed 67 Taliban in an ambush in the eastern province of Paktia, near the border with Pakistan.
    (AFP, 5/18/07)(AFP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 18, Algeria’s Interior Ministry announced that the National Liberation Front party, which has dominated Algerian political life since independence in 1962, kept its leading position in parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, A group of 88 Burundians who have lived as refugees in neighboring Tanzania for up to 35 years became the first of some 8,500 to head to the US for a new life.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 18, UN officials said rebel leaders in the Central African Republic have agreed to begin sending several hundred child soldiers home to their families.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, China took steps to let its currency appreciate faster against the dollar and to cool its sizzling economy ahead of what are expected to contentious talks in Washington over Beijing's soaring trade surplus.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, President Alvaro Uribe lashed out at US lawmakers for treating Colombia like a "pariah" by refusing to pass a trade agreement amid a scandal linking his government to murderous right-wing paramilitaries.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, In Ethiopia 3 Swedish citizens were released after spending five months in jail. The three were among dozens of foreigners detained earlier this year as terror suspects.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 18, French President Nicolas Sarkozy named his first Cabinet, radically revamping the government, which included seven women among its 15 members. Bernard Kouchner, former UN administrator for Kosovo and co-founder of the Nobel Prize-winning aid group Doctors Without Borders, was named foreign minister.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, Haitian President Rene Preval declared a "war without end" against corruption, calling crooked state officials traitors who rob the deeply impoverished nation of vital investment and jobs.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, In India a bomb attack at the 17th-century Mecca Majid, the main mosque in Hyderabad, killed 13 people. Two other unexploded bombs were found and defused by police. Ensuing clashes with police left five more dead. A serial killer who has been leaving headless torsos outside the Indian capital's jail for more than a year, allegedly in revenge for wrongful imprisonment, struck again. This was the fourth time since December 2005 that a torso had been left in a sack outside the Tihar Jail.
    (AP, 5/18/07)(AP, 5/19/07)(WSJ, 11/28/08, p.A6)
2007        May 18, About 50 suspected insurgents attacked a US base in the center of Baqouba, sparking a battle with US soldiers and helicopters that left at least six militants dead. In Baghdad two Iraqi journalists working for ABC News were slain as they drove home from work. A suicide car bomber hit a police patrol in the Sunni-dominated town of Jurf al-Sakhar, killing three officers and wounding two. In Kirkuk drive-by shooters killed an Iraqi army officer as he was heading to work. A 24-hour curfew remained in place in Mosul for a third day. It was imposed after insurgents used five suicide vehicle bombs, mortars and small arms fire to destroy two bridges and attack a police station and a jail where suspected insurgents were being held. The attacks killed 15 insurgents, 10 Iraqi policemen, one Iraqi soldier and one civilian. US forces on a raid in northern Baghdad killed Azhar al-Dulaimi, a Shiite militant believed to have masterminded a brazen January attack in Karbala that led to the capture and killing of four US soldiers. 7 US soldiers died in Iraq; 3 were killed when their vehicle was bit by a bomb northeast of Baghdad, one in the western province of Anbar, one by small arms fire south of the capital and two by a roadside bomb and small arms fire in northwestern Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/18/07)(AFP, 5/19/07)(AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 18, Israel pounded more Hamas targets with airstrikes for a 2nd day, killing four Palestinians. 10 people have died with dozens wounded as it stepped deeper into fighting between the Islamic militants and the rival Fatah fighters of President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, In Japan a former gangster surrendered after a shooting rampage at his home that left one policeman dead and three other people, including his son and daughter, injured.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, Jordan's King Abdullah II made a new attempt to rally Mideast peace efforts as he hosted politicians and business leaders at the World Economic Forum. Politicians attending the forum warned of a bleak future for the Mideast if its explosive tensions are not resolved.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, Kazakhstan's veteran leader Nursultan Nazarbayev was in effect declared president-for-life in a move condemned by the nation's opposition as undemocratic.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, In the Netherlands a 400-pound gorilla escaped from his enclosure and ran amok in a Rotterdam zoo, biting one woman, dragging her around, and causing panic among dozens of visitors before he was finally subdued.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, President Gen. Pervez Musharraf acknowledged that Islamic militancy was increasing across Pakistan and said tough measures were needed to counter it, as religious students from a pro-Taliban mosque abducted four police officers. Musharraf said that he would not allow his two primary political opponents to come back to Pakistan before elections, slated for this year. Dozens of gunmen ambushed a vehicle carrying 8 government officials and kidnapped them in North Waziristan. Saud Memon (44), owner of the shed and land outside Karachi where the body of Daniel Pearl was found, died. Memon was found lying unconscious outside his house on April 28.
    (AP, 5/19/07)(SFC, 5/19/07, p.A3)(WSJ, 5/21/07, p.A6)
2007        May 18, In southern Peru a backpack containing dynamite and nails exploded during a celebration in a market in Juliaca, killing six people and wounding 48.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 18, A powerful bomb ripped through a teeming bus terminal in the violence-prone southern Philippines, killing a 5-year-old boy and injuring about three dozen other people.
    (AP, 5/18/07)
2007        May 18, In Russia EU leaders criticized Russia's human rights record, and were faulted in return, at the end of a summit that produced no formal agreements but helped illustrate the widening political chasm between Moscow and the West. Russia barred activists, including chess grandmaster Kasparov, from protests near the Volga summit.
    (AP, 5/18/07)(WSJ, 5/19/07, p.A1)
2007        May 18, The UN accused Sudan government forces of direct involvement in recent machine-gunning of Darfur villages that left at least 100 dead.
    (WSJ, 5/19/07, p.A1)

2008        May 18, In SF the 97th running of the Bay to Breakers drew some 60,000 participants, of which 33,000 had officially registered.
    (SFC, 5/19/08, p.A1)
2008        May 18, Surgeon Harry Buncke (b.1922), Canada-born microsurgery pioneer, died in California. In 1972 He performed the first toe-to-thumb transplant at San Francisco’s Franklin Hospital, later called Ralph K. Davies Medical Center. Buncke came to be called the father of microsurgery.
    (SFC, 5/21/08, p.B7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_J._Buncke)
2008        May 18, Lawrence Roman (b.1921), screenwriter, died in Woodland Hills, Ca. His work included the 1960 Broadway play “Under the Yum-Yum Tree," which he also adopted to film in 1963. During his career he wrote more than 20 films and teleplays.
    (SFC, 5/27/08, p.B3)
2008        May 18, Osama bin Laden released a new message denouncing Arab leaders for sacrificing the Palestinians and saying the head of the Shiite militant group Hezbollah did not really have the strength to take on Israel.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 18, Sayed Parwez Kambakhsh (24), an Afghan journalism student sentenced to death for insulting Islam, denied the charges before an appeals court, saying he only confessed to questioning the religion's treatment of women because he was tortured. In 2008 an appeal court overturned the death sentence, but upheld his conviction of blasphemy and sentenced him to 20 years in jail. A police officer was killed and two others injured when their patrolling convoy came under fire from rebels in the southwestern province of Farah. A soldier with a US-led military coalition and an Afghan "non-combatant" were killed when a bomb blew up their vehicle in southern Afghanistan. A suicide bombing in Helmand province killed four people.
    (AP, 5/18/08)(AFP, 5/18/08)(AFP, 5/19/08)(AP, 5/20/08)(AP, 10/21/08)
2008        May 18, In Burundi as the government and rebels sought unsuccessfully to reach agreement in negotiations to reinstate a 2006 ceasefire deal, the army attacked National Liberation Forces (FNL) rebel positions south of Bujumbura.
    (AFP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 18, China declared three days of national mourning for earthquake victims and ordered a suspension of the Olympic torch relay, as the search for survivors of the disaster grew bleak with the confirmed death toll rising to 32,476.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, In Colombia Eldaneyis Mosquera, also known as "Karina," a wanted leader of Latin America's largest guerrilla army, handed herself over to Colombian authorities.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 18, Cuban officials said they have documented proof that US officials on the island are delivering private funds to political dissidents in order to undermine the communist government.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, In Egypt Pres. Bush lectured the Arab world about everything from political repression to the denial of women's rights but ran into Palestinian complaints he is favoring Israel in stalled Mideast peace talks. His message was aimed at the countries in the region where the political and civil systems are far from free as he ended a five-day Mideast trip.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, Ethiopia's electoral board said the ruling party won nearly all seats in last month's local polls and parliamentary by-elections that were marred by boycotts and accusations of repression. Official data said the ruling Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) won 97 percent of the vote held on April 13 and 20.
    (AFP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, In eastern India at least 16 people were killed in clashes between rival political parties during local council elections. Over 200 people were injured as supporters of the Communist Party, which governs in West Bengal state, and the Congress Party that heads the federal government, fought battles using guns and rocks.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(WSJ, 5/20/08, p.A15)
2008        May 18, A parked car bomb struck an Iraqi army patrol in eastern Baghdad, killing two soldiers and wounding six other people.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, In Italy residents of Naples, fed up with the stench from months of uncollected rubbish, used the waste to barricade streets in protest at the long-running crisis.
    (AP, 5/18/08)   
2008        May 18, Kuwait's parliamentary elections showed strong gains for Muslim hardliners. Women candidates failed to win a single seat.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, An American woman (28) was among four people found dead in the Mexican beach town of Playas de Rosarito, near border with California.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 18, A senior UN envoy went to Myanmar to urge its military junta to accept more international aid for cyclone survivors. A British minister suggested the isolationist regime may be relenting.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, Pakistani Taliban carried out a suicide attack in the northwestern city of Mardan. 13 people were killed there in revenge for an earlier suspected US missile strike on a rebel hideout at Damadola.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 18, In South Africa mobs killed at least six people and injured 50 in anti-foreigner violence that has spread through poor suburbs of Johannesburg. Zimbabweans were mainly targeted. The trouble started last week in the sprawling township of Alexandra, where angry residents accused foreigners of taking scarce jobs and housing.
    (AP, 5/18/08)
2008        May 18, In Sri Lanka government soldiers and the rebels fought several battles in northern Mannar district, killing 40 rebels and 10 soldiers while three other soldiers are reported missing. 21 other rebels and seven soldiers were also killed in scattered fighting, mortar fire and mine blasts across Jaffna. A pro-rebel Web site reported that the rebels have stalled a military advance in Mannar, killing 26 soldiers and wounding more than 50. Three insurgents were also killed in the battle the Web site reported, quoting an unnamed rebel official.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 18, Turkmenistan held a foundation-laying ceremony in Ashgabat for a new, $70 million, 607-foot monument that will rise twice as high as Turkmenistan's current record-holder, a tower topped by a golden statue of late dictator Niyazov that rotates to face the sun.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 18, A Yemeni-American on the FBI's Most Wanted list of terror suspects was jailed in Yemen after an appeals court upheld his 10-year prison sentence. Jaber Elbaneh has been accused of belonging to al-Qaida, convicted of plots to attack oil installations in Yemen and of involvement in a 2002 attack on the French tanker Limburg off Yemen's coast that killed one person. On November 8 Elbaneh’s sentence was cut to 5 years after winning an appeal.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(AP, 11/8/08)

2009        May 18, The US Justice Department accused Wyeth, one of the nation's biggest drug makers, of cheating Medicaid programs out of hundreds of millions of dollars by overcharging for a stomach acid drug.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, In Colorado Springs Daniel Gudino (13) allegedly shot and killed his 9-year-old brother, Ulysses, and allegedly attempted to murder his mother, Maria Gudino (38). In 2010 a psychiatrist testified that the boy was sleepwalking.
    (www.coloradoconnection.com/news/story.aspx?id=301255)(SFC, 5/8/10, p.A5)
2009        May 18, In Larose, Louisiana, middle-school student Justin Doucet (15) fired a gunshot at a teacher in a classroom and then shot himself and died on May 23. Doucet left a handwritten journal and an apparent suicide note that described his intention to kill other people.
    (AP, 5/19/09)(SFC, 5/19/09, p.A5)(SFC, 5/26/09, p.A4)
2009        May 18, The Wolfram Alpha Internet search engine was officially launched. Stephen Wolfram, British physicist, described it as a “computational knowledge engine." It was created to compute answers from its own source of materials.
    (Econ, 5/16/09, p.86)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolfram_Alpha)
2009        May 18, Wayne Allwine (62), the actor who voiced Mickey Mouse for more than 30 years, died of complications from diabetes with Russi Taylor, his wife of 20 years and the voice of Minnie Mouse, by his side. He was the third man behind Mickey's voice. The first was Disney himself, then Jimmy MacDonald, who became Allwine's mentor and passed him the reins after voicing the mouse for 30 years.
    (AP, 5/20/09)
2009        May 18, In Afghanistan a group of Afghan army soldiers in Jalalabad opened fire in a market, killing three shopkeepers. Rocket-propelled grenades and machine gunfire rained down on a motorcade carrying Ahmad Wali Karzai, the brother of Afghanistan's president, in an apparent assassination attempt. A bodyguard was killed.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, British PM Gordon Brown called for "root and branch" reform to defuse an expenses scandal that has damaged the main political parties and put pressure on parliament's most senior figure to quit. A group of MPs launched a rare bid to oust the Speaker of the House of Commons, over the expenses scandal.
    (Reuters, 5/18/09)(AFP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, In China a government spokesman said a sex theme park that featured explicit exhibits of genitalia and sexual culture is being demolished before it can even open. The park, christened "Love Land" by its owners, went under the wrecking ball over the weekend in the southwestern city of Chongqing.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, UN military commanders told top UN officials that Congolese rebels integrated into the country's army as part of a peace deal are looting, raping and killing the civilians they are meant to protect.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, In Egypt a 4-year-old girl died of bird flu, making her the country's 27th death from the virus since 2006.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 18, A leading animal rights group criticized Egypt for using "shocking and cruel" methods to slaughter the country's pigs over swine flu fears, responding to a YouTube video that showed men skewering squealing piglets with large kitchen knives and hitting others with crowbars.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, In Guatemala government opponents submitted 35,000 signatures to demand that Congress start procedures to strip Pres. Colom of immunity from prosecution over allegations that he ordered a lawyer killed.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 18, In Guatemala Rev. Lawrence Rosebaugh (74) of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, was shot and killed by masked gunmen who stopped a car carrying him and four other missionaries to a meeting in Playa Grande. He had put an international spotlight on human rights abuses in Brazil in 1977.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 18, In India Krishna Pattabhi Jois (b.1915), a yoga teacher and practitioner famous for popularizing Ashtanga yoga in the West, died in Mysore. He concentrated on stretching and balancing. Ashtanga yoga literally means "eight-limbed yoga," as outlined by the sage Patanjali in the Yoga Sutras. According to Patanjali, the path of internal purification for revealing the Universal Self consists of the following eight spiritual practices: Yama (moral codes), Niyama (self-purification and study), Asana (posture), Pranayama (breath control), Pratyahara (sense control), Dharana (concentration), Dhyana (meditation), Samadhi (contemplation).
    (AP, 5/20/09)(Econ, 6/6/09, p.85)(www.ashtanga.com/html/background.html)
2009        May 18, In Japan health officials said a wave of new confirmations sent the number of H1N1 flu cases soaring to more than 120, prompting the government to order the closure of schools and the cancellation of community events.
    (AP, 5/17/09)
2009        May 18, Two Lebanese men suspected of spying for Israel fled across the heavily fortified border to the Jewish state, the second such escape since Lebanon stepped up a campaign of arrests against those thought to be working for its archenemy.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, In Lithuania Pres.-elect Dalia Grybauskaite said she would consider replacing up to five ministers in PM Andrius Kubilius' center-right Cabinet after she takes office on July 12. "They have underestimated the real scale of recession," she said. "The budget was way too optimistic and needs to be revised in nearest time. We must save money." To lead by example said she would only take half of her presidential salary of 312,000 litas ($120,000) a year.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, Mexican soldiers arrested Rodolfo Lopez and several others after they landed at Monterrey's international airport to take over trafficking operations in Monterrey. Several armed men were arrested in the parking lot, where they were waiting to pick Lopez up. Police in the southern state of Guerrero found the severed heads of three men in an ice chest left on the side of a highway near the resort of Zihuatanejo.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 18, In Nepal Maoist lawmakers stormed the parliament and demonstrated inside the assembly hall to block a vote for a new prime minister, a move that could prolong the country's political crisis.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, Nigerian university teachers decided to go on strike to demand the implementation of a pay agreement with government. After two-and-a-half years of negotiations, the government had yet to implement the agreement on pay rises and upgrading of facilities in the universities.
    (AFP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 18, Pakistani jets and helicopters bombarded militant targets in Swat, where troops entered strategic towns in a pincer thrust towards the Taliban-held capital of the northwest valley.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, In the southern Philippines mudslides tumbled down a rain-soaked mountain, burying dozens of shanties in a gold mining village and killing at least 26 people.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 18, It was reported that South Korea's top technology university has developed a plan to power electric cars through recharging strips embedded in roadways that use a technology to transfer energy found in some electric toothbrushes.
    (Reuters, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, Somalia's war-torn government appealed for international help to set up a coast guard, saying it would guarantee that sea piracy near its shores is wiped out once it has such an agency. In Malaysia representatives of the government, attending an international conference on piracy, ruled out allowing foreign forces on Somali soil to destroy pirate bases.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, Hard-line Somali Islamist fighters captured Mahaday, 70 miles (113 km) north of Mogadishu, after a pro-government militia abandoned it.
    (AP, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, Sri Lanka declared it had crushed the Tamil Tiger rebels, killing their chief, Velupillai Prabhakaran, along with top deputies, Soosai and Pottu Amman, and ending their three-decade quest for an independent homeland for minority Tamils. Diplomats in Brussels said the EU will endorse a call for an independent war crimes investigation into the killing of civilians in Sri Lanka. LTTE leaders Balasingham Nadesan and S. Puleedevan and their families were reportedly machine-gunned while advancing under a white flag. Defense Sec. Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, brother of the president, later said 6,261 soldiers had been killed in 3 years of fighting and that a total of 23,000 troops had died since October, 1981, when the insurgency began.
    (AP, 5/18/09)(Econ, 5/30/09, p.44)(Econ, 6/6/09, p.42)
2009        May 18, A Turkish court ruled that President Abdullah Gul should stand trial for a fraud case dating back to the late 1990s, when the Welfare Party, a predecessor to the AK Party, was accused of misappropriating funds from the Treasury. A court of appeals will have the final say on the case.
    (Reuters, 5/18/09)
2009        May 18, The World Bank said it would give $22 million to Zimbabwe, but said the country must clear its long-standing arrears to qualify for more aid.
    (AP, 5/18/09)

2010        May 18, Arizona voters approved a 1% sales tax increase.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n2mdega)
2010        May 18, Indiana Republican Rep. Mark Souder announced he would resign from Congress, effective May 21, because he had an affair with a staffer.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, A discovery of tar balls on Florida's Key West fanned fears that a massive Gulf of Mexico oil spill was spreading through ocean currents, as energy giant BP Plc worked to capture more of the crude leaking from its gushing deep-water well.
    (Reuters, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, A Taliban suicide car bomber struck a NATO convoy in Kabul, killing six troops 5 American and one Canadian. Twelve Afghan civilians also died, many of them on a public bus in rush-hour traffic.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, Britain’s new chancellor George Osborne called for a freeze to the EU's 2011 budget, saying it was "unacceptable" for Brussels to demand a huge increase.
    (AFP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, Britain rebuffed a new appeal by Argentina to resume talks with London over the long-disputed Falklands Islands in the south Atlantic.
    (AFP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, Martin Smith (45) was flown back from Spain to Britain, the same day as the bodies of his children were found dead in the coastal resort of Lloret de Mar, Spain. His wife, Lianne Smith (43), was arrested on suspicion of the murder of his two children Rebecca (5) and Daniel (11 months). Lianne Smith was charged with murder on May 21.
    (AFP, 5/19/10)(AP, 5/21/10)
2010        May 18, Most of Canada's largest forestry companies announced a groundbreaking deal with environmental groups that will restrict logging in the country's vast northern forests.
    (Reuters, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, In China Huang Guangyu, a school drop-out who became China's richest man by building an electronics and home appliance empire, was jailed for 14 years for bribery and insider trading. He had admitted to paying bribes totaling 4.56m yuan to five government officials between 2006 and 2008. A Beijing court ordered Huang, in his 40s, to pay a fine of 600 million yuan ($88 million). Authorities seized another 200 million yuan in assets as part of his conviction.
    (AFP, 5/18/10)(Econ, 5/22/10, p.69)
2010        May 18, In Colombia Rogelio Martinez (51) gunmen intercepted a mototaxi and shot him at least three times near his residence in San Onofre, Sucre province. Martinez lived with 52 displaced families locked in a dispute with a paramilitary group over a 556-hectare (1,374-acre) farm called "La Alemania."
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 18, Ethiopia's main rebel group claimed to have captured an army garrison town and killed 94 government soldiers in a major operation. The Ethiopian government denied the town had been captured and said the attack had been successfully repelled.
    (AFP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, Greece received a 14.5 billion euro ($18 billion) loan from the EU and can now repay its immediate debt, but still faces a mammoth task to claw its way out of recession.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, Haitian President Rene Preval pledged to step down as scheduled next year, rebuking critics who say he is using the post-earthquake emergency to hold onto power.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, India’s home minister said the government is willing to begin peace talks with Maoist rebels, but only if the insurgents halt all attacks for 72 hours.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, In Iraq Abdullah Azam Saleh al-Qahtani, an alleged al-Qaida militant said he had talked to friends about attacking Danish and Dutch teams at the World Cup in South Africa next month to avenge insults against the Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 18, An Israeli Defense Ministry spokesman said Israel has fined Global CST, a local security consulting firm, for negotiating a deal last year to provide arms and military training to Guinea's military junta without the state's prior approval. Global CST said it was not fined, but was instead ordered to spend the money to tighten its oversight procedures to avoid similar "errors" in the future.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, In Kyrgyzstan several thousand people tried to storm a university in a burst of ethnic violence that left at least 2 people dead and 50 wounded, prompting the interim government to call a local state of emergency.
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 18, In Malawi a gay couple, arrested after throwing a party to celebrate their engagement in this conservative southern African country, were convicted of unnatural acts and gross indecency. On May 20 a judge sentenced the couple to the maximum 14 years in prison with hard labor under Malawi's anti-gay legislation. On May 29 President Bingu wa Mutharika announced a pardon and ordered their release. 
    (AP, 5/18/10)(AP, 5/20/10)(AP, 5/29/10)
2010        May 18, Mexico’s Attorney General's Office announced that a judge handed down a prison sentence of almost 22 years against Jaime Gonzalez Duran, also known as "The Hummer," for money laundering and weapons possession.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, In Mexico City Javier Covarrubias (20) left his house and took his 2 children to a park. There he allegedly asphyxiated 1 1/2-year-old Isis Liliana, and a half hour later he asphyxiated 2 1/2-year-old Darien Isai. He soon reported his two children kidnapped but then changed his story and said he really gave them to a woman to settle a debt of 25,000 pesos, or about $1,925. The bodies of the children were found on June 8.
    (AP, 6/9/10)
2010        May 18, In Nigeria both houses of parliament voted to approve Namadi Sambo, a northern Muslim, as new vice president of the country, maintaining a delicate religious and geographical balance in power.
    (AFP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, In northwestern Pakistan a suicide bomber on a bicycle killed 11 people when he attacked a police patrol in an area where many citizens fled last year to escape a large army offensive against the Taliban.
    (AP, 5/18/10) 
2010        May 18, Gaza's Hamas rulers executed 3 convicted killers and dropped off their bullet-riddled bodies at a hospital. One allegedly participated in the 2003 slaying of a young woman whose body was later tossed in a garbage bin. The other two men were accused of murdering money changers in two separate incidents. Hamas began carrying out formal executions in April, and today's killings brought the total number of prisoners put to death to five.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, In southern Poland 2 days of flooding killed at least 9 people. Officials closed the Auschwitz-Birkenau memorial site to protect its Holocaust archives and artifacts. Heavy rains that began in central Europe last weekend also caused flooding in areas of Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, with rivers bursting their banks and inundating low-lying homes and roads, and cutting off villages.
    (AP, 5/18/10)(AP, 5/21/10)
2010        May 18, The boss of Russia's Raspadskaya mine quit after PM Vladimir Putin assailed him over explosions that killed 66 people and could be prosecuted following a safety probe into the tragedy.
    (Reuters, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, In northern Somalia security forces in the semiautonomous region of Puntland arrested 12 pirates, including a prominent gang member whose assets were frozen by the US Treasury Department last month. Abshir Abdillahi, who is also known as Abshir Boyah, was captured as he tried to flee the town of Garowe.
    (AP, 5/20/10)
2010        May 18, A female American aid worker, Flavia Wagner (35), and two Sudanese colleagues were ambushed and abducted by gunmen in Abu Ajura, South Darfur state. On Aug 30 the foreign ministry said police had freed Wagner in the Abu Agora area south of Nyala.
    (AFP, 5/18/10)(AFP, 8/30/10)
2010        May 18, The Thai government rejected a proposal for peace talks with leaders of the Red Shirt protesters to end the deadly mayhem gripping Bangkok, saying negotiations cannot start until the demonstrators disperse.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, A Yemeni security court convicted six Somalis for piracy and sentenced them to death for seizing an oil tanker. Six other convicted pirates received 10 year prison sentences and the pirates must together pay $2 million compensation to an Aden refinery company, which owned a tanker that was seized in April, 2009.
    (AP, 5/18/10)
2010        May 18, Amnesty International accused Zimbabwe's unity government of failing to provide for victims of a mass eviction blitz five years ago that left 700,000 people destitute.
    (AFP, 5/17/10)

2011        May 18, The US slapped sanctions on Syrian Pres. Bashar Assad and six of his senior officials for human rights abuses.
    (SFC, 5/19/11, p.A4)
2011        May 18, The John Jay college of Criminal Justice released a $2 million report titled: “The Causes and Contexts of Sexual Abuse of Minors by Catholic Priests in the United States, 1950-2010." The Catholic church provided funding and cooperation.
    (SFC, 5/18/11, p.A5)
2011        May 18, Oakland, Ca., police shot and killed 2 men on Curran Ave. In 2012 a probe charged 4 men with conspiracy to commit murder and alleged that the 2 men killed were part of the conspiracy. Prosecutors cleared the police officers involved.
    (SFC, 6/30/12, p.C1)
2011        May 18, IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn resigned amidst sexual assault charges in NYC.
    (SFC, 5/19/11, p.A8)
2011        May 18, In the Gulf of Mexico off the Mississippi coast the Eurus London, a 660-foot commercial cargo boat, and the Sandy Point, a 163-foot fishing boat, collided about eight miles south of Gulfport between Cat Island and Ship Island around 8:50 p.m. The Sandy Point sank after the collision with 16 people aboard. 3 Sandy Point crew members drowned in the accident.
    (AP, 5/19/11)(AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 18, Texas officials said the worst state drought in decades has cost $1.5 billion in agricultural losses.
    (SFC, 5/19/11, p.A6)
2011        May 18, An Afghan detainee at the Guantanamo Bay prison died in an apparent suicide. The prisoner, known only by the name Inayatullah, had been held without charge at Guantanamo since September 2007. The military said he was an admitted planner for al Qaida terrorist operations, and acknowledged facilitating the movement of foreign fighters. Inayatullah had twice before tried to kill himself at the US base and had a long-term mental illness that predated his time in custody.
    (AP, 5/18/11)(AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 18, In Afghanistan hundreds of protesters, angered by an overnight NATO raid that they believed killed four civilians, clashed with security forces on the streets of Taloqan, Takhar province. At least 12 people died in the fighting. A suicide bomber crashed a car into a police bus, killing 14 people and wounding 16 in Nangarhar province. In the south a NATO service member died in an insurgent attack.
    (AP, 5/18/11)(AP, 5/19/11)(SFC, 5/20/11, p.A2)
2011        May 18, In Argentina a turboprop plane carrying 22 people crashed and exploded in the southern Patagonia region, killing all on board.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 18, Brazil said it has set up a crisis center to combat increased deforestation in the Amazon rain forest. Satellite data showed a significant increase in deforestation over the past two months.
    (SFC, 5/19/11, p.A2)
2011        May 18, China’s Cabinet acknowledged that its $23 billion    Three Gorges Dam required action to curb pollution, counter risks of possible natural disasters and improve life for the 1.4 million people who were forced to relocate.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 18, China and Pakistan signed three agreements in Beijing on economic and technology cooperation, banking and mining.
    (AP, 5/18/11)   
2011        May 18, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood said the party it formed to contest elections has chosen a Christian intellectual as vice president and numbers almost 100 Coptic Christians among its founding members.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, The Libyan government released four foreign journalists. Americans Clare Morgana Gillis and James Foley, British freelance reporter Nigel Chandler and Spanish photographer Manuel Varela, appeared at a Tripoli hotel after being released from six weeks detention.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 18, A Mexican prison brawl in which inmates battled with guns and knives left eight detainees dead and 11 others wounded in the northern city of Durango. Mexican soldiers seized a big cache of weapons after fighting a running gunbattle with drug cartel gunmen fleeing in a 17-vehicle convoy on the outskirts of Matamoros. 3 suspected gunmen were killed and 3 captured.
    (AFP, 5/19/11)(AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 18, In Myanmar a bomb exploded on a passenger train near the capital, killing two people and injuring nine.
    (AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, In Pakistan more than 70 militants attacked a security checkpost on the outskirts of Peshawar, triggering a shootout that killed two security forces and wounded five. Police said at least 15 insurgents were killed.
    (Reuters, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, Missing journalist Dorothy Parvaz, who was held by Iranian authorities after being detained in Syria, arrived in her company's home base of Qatar after winning her freedom.
    (AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, Scotland's pro-independence First Minister Alex Salmond called for Edinburgh to have greater powers and more say in European affairs as he was officially re-elected for a second term.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, In Somalia shells fired in battles between insurgent militant Islamists and African Union forces at a Mogadishu market left at least 14 civilian dead.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, South Africa held municipal elections with growing anger over corruption scandals and poor basic services expected to dent support for the powerful ruling African National Congress. The ANC was expected to win in the overwhelming majority of the country's 278 municipalities. Voters handed the ANC a 63.6% majority, with most of the votes counted. The Democratic Alliance saw its support jump to 22.1%.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)(Reuters, 5/20/11)
2011        May 18, The Swiss government passed a measure restricting arms sales to Syria and freezing the assets and banning the travel to Switzerland of 13 senior Syrian officials.
    (AP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, In Tunisia suspected Libyan Al-Qaeda militants exchanged fire with security forces, leaving two alleged militants and a Tunisian colonel dead.
    (AFP, 5/18/11)
2011        May 18, A Turkish website that posted compromising videos which forced four far-right politicians to resign threatened to post new sex videos that could hurt more opposition politicians ahead of next month's election.
    (AP, 5/18/11) 
2011        May 18, Yemen's president and opposition, pressed by Western and Gulf mediators, agreed to sign a deal for a transition of power that would end the rule of Ali Abdullah Saleh within a month.
    (AP, 5/18/11)

2012        May 18, Pres. Obama pledged that the United States will keep providing emergency aid to feed the world's hungry and said that firms had committed $3 billion to improve agriculture.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, US Border Patrol agents stopped a fake UPS van as the driver tried to circumvent a highway checkpoint near Niland, about 150 miles east of San Diego in California's Imperial Valley, near the Mexican border. 13 suspected illegal immigrants from Mexico were stuffed inside.
    (AP, 5/24/12)
2012        May 18, In Michigan Sandra Layne (74) allegedly "hunted down" her teenage grandson (17) in her in her West Bloomfield Township home and shot at him 10 times over a six-minute span. In 2013 Layne testified that she was afraid of her grandson and acted in self-defense.
    (AP, 3/18/13)
2012        May 18, A Tennessee judge said Tory Hansen must pay $150,000 and $1000 per month to support Artyom Saveliev (10) until he turns 18. She had sent the adopted boy back to Russia by himself in 2010 saying she did not want him anymore.
    (SFC, 5/19/12, p.A5)
2012        May 18, In Dallas, Texas, a jury sentenced John Fiala (53), a Roman Catholic priest, to 60 years in prison for plotting the death of a man who accused him of sexual abuse.
    (SFC, 5/19/12, p.A5)
2012        May 18, Facebook's stock closed at $38.23, up 23 cents in its debut on the Nasdaq Market. It had been priced at $38 per share the previous evening.
    (AP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, In Afghanistan rockets crashed into a US base and a house in a remote area of the northeast, killing two NATO service members and three civilians in Kunar province. A NATO airstrike killed 8 militants in Sayd Abad district of Wardak province. In the west, three members of the Afghan security forces, two soldiers and an intelligence official, and 11 militants were killed in a gunbattle in Farah province.
    (AP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, In Afghanistan Lal Bibi (18) was abducted, chained to a wall, sexually assaulted and beaten for five days. She later said she was raped because her cousin offended a family linked to a local militia commander, who then had his men abduct her. A policeman said a mullah had married them just before intercourse.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7tunl8o)(SFC, 6/28/12, p.A4)
2012        May 18, Leaders of Bulgaria, Qatar and Turkey agreed to study joint infrastructure projects like the construction of a new motorway from Istanbul across Bulgaria.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, In Canada Quebec’s provincial and city governments passed laws to authorize a crackdown on student protests. Angry student leaders vowed to fight the tough new laws to quell 14 weeks of strikes against tuition hikes, threatening to escalate their protests into a broad campaign of civil disobedience.
    (Reuters, 5/18/12)(Econ, 6/9/12, p.42)
2012        May 18, Beijing blasted a "protectionist" US decision to slap hefty anti-dumping duties on Chinese solar cell makers.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, In China Lai Changxing was convicted and sentenced by the Intermediate People's Court in Xiamen, the port city which was his base. On top of the life sentence for smuggling and a concurrent 15-year sentence for bribery, the court ordered all of Lai's personal property seized. The court's verdict said the operation totaled $3.3 billion, evaded $1.7 billion in duties and other taxes and bribed 64 officials between 1996 and 1999.
    (AP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, The government of Equatorial Guinea's PM Ignacio Milam Tang resigned in line with a constitutional reform approved in November.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, French Pres. Francois Hollande, on his first visit to the Oval Office, told Pres. Obama that he will withdraw all French troops from Afghanistan by year’s end.
    (SFC, 5/19/12, p.A2)
2012        May 18, In Germany baritone Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (b.1925), acclaimed as one of the world’s greatest singers, died at his home in Bavaria.
    (SFC, 5/22/12, p.C5)(Econ, 5/26/12, p.90)
2012        May 18, India's central bank promised to use "all its available tools" to stabilize the rupee, which sank to a record low against the dollar for a third straight day amid turmoil in global markets. India outlined plans to curb government foreign trips as part of an austerity drive and says it is "vigorously" committed to curtailing ballooning spending.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)(AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 18, In Iran thousands of people demonstrated in Tehran to protest a proposed union of Saudi Arabia and Bahrain.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, In Iraq 3 bombs struck near simultaneously at a busy bird market in Sadr City in eastern Baghdad, killing five people and wounding dozens. An anti-terror officer, his wife and three children were shot dead by gunmen in north Baghdad.
    (AP, 5/18/12)(AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 18, A pair of Japanese whaling vessels left for the northwestern Pacific aiming to catch 260 whales for "scientific research."
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, In Lebanon shelling between two pro- and anti-Syrian neighborhoods in the port city of Tripoli left three people wounded. Clashes in the area over the past week have left 10 people dead.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, The parliament in Mali passed a law granting amnesty to the leaders of the March coup.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, In Mauritania several people were hurt and arrested as police fired tear gas and beat back protesters demanding that President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz step down in a fresh anti-regime protest.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, It was reported that Saudi Arabia has banned all government and private agencies from using the Gregorian calendar in official dealings. The use the English language to answer calls or communicate, mainly in companies and hotels, has also been banned in an effort to preserve the Arabic language.
    (SSFC, 5/20/12, p.A4)
2012        May 18, Spanish company Repsol said an exploratory oil well off the northern coast of Cuba has proved a failure and will be capped and abandoned, a disappointment for a cash-strapped nation hoping for an economic lifeline.
    (AP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, Sri Lanka's president signed papers for the release of his jailed electoral foe, ex-army chief Sarath Fonseka (61), bowing to US-led pressure three years after the end of the island's long ethnic war. Fonseka was released on May 21.
    (AFP, 5/20/12)(AP, 5/21/12)
2012        May 18, Syrian security forces fired tear gas and live ammunition to disperse thousands rallying in the northern city of Aleppo, which activists said saw the largest turnout since the start of the uprising in March 2011. Regime forces shelled the town of Rastan.
    (AP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, The UN Security Council unanimously ordered sanctions against the leaders of last month's military coup in Guinea-Bissau and warned it was ready to take new measures.
    (AFP, 5/18/12)
2012        May 18, In Venezuela a 3-week prison standoff ended as the last of over 1,600 inmates agreed to be moved from La Planta prison to other prisons.
    (SFC, 5/19/12, p.A2)
2012        May 18, In Yemen thousands of protesters gathered in cities across the country to demand a complete restructuring of the military including the sacking of relatives of former Pres. Ali Abdullah Saleh.
    (SFC, 5/19/12, p.A2)

2013        May 18, Arkansas Treasurer Martha Shoffner was arrested in an FBI sting operation. She accused of taking at least $36,000 from a broker who later came to manage a large share of the state’s $3.3 billion stock and bond portfolio.
    (SFC, 5/21/13, p.A5)(SFC, 5/22/13, p.A5)
2013        May 18, Opera singer Claramae Turner Hoffman (b.1920) died in Santa Rosa, Ca. She appeared in the 1956 movie Carousel in which she sang “You’ll Never Walk Alone."
    (SFC, 6/10/13, p.C4)
2013        May 18, In NYC Elliot Morales (33) fired a fatal shot point-blank into a man's face on a Manhattan street. Morales was arrested on the edge of the New York University campus.
    (AP, 5/18/13)   
2013        May 18, In Pennsylvania Richard DeCoatsworth (27), a former Philadelphia police officer, was arraigned on charges including rape, involuntary deviate sexual intercourse, trafficking of persons, false imprisonment and aggravated assault. His bail was set at $60 million. He had hailed as a hero after he was shot in the face during a traffic stop in September 2007 but still managed to chase after his attacker, who was later sentenced to 36 to 72 years in prison.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 18, Conservative religious lawmakers in Afghanistan blocked legislation aimed at strengthening provisions for women's freedoms, arguing that parts of it violate Islamic principles and encourage disobedience. 4 Afghan army soldiers died in Bakwa district when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 5/18/13)
2013        May 18, In Algeria Hicham Aboud, editor of the My Journal and Djaridati newspapers, rejected an order from the Communication Ministry to remove an article from the papers that claimed hospitalized President Abdelaziz Bouteflika had slipped into a coma. The government in return blocked the publication of his two newspapers.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 18, In Egypt baggage handlers in Cairo went on strike after a baggage handler who works for EgyptAir died when a conveyer belt used to unload luggage fell on his head. The strike did not disrupt flights.
    (AP, 5/18/13)
2013        May 18, French President Francois Hollande signed a law authorizing gay marriage and adoption by same-sex couples. This means the first gay marriages may be celebrated in France within about 10 days.
    (AP, 5/18/13)
2013        May 18, French police arrested Julian Stevenson (48), a British unemployed man after the bodies of his daughter (5) and son (10) were found with their throats slit at his apartment in a suburb of Lyon. Stevenson hanged himself in prison on Dec 30.
    (Reuters, 5/19/13)(AFP, 12/31/13)
2013        May 18, In Iraq gunmen kidnapped 8 policemen who were guarding a post on the main highway to Jordan and Syria. Gunmen broke into the house of an anti-terrorism police officer in the southern suburbs of Baghdad, killing 5 people including Cap. Adnan Ibrahim and his sleeping family. In Basra gunmen shot and killed a Sunni cleric, Assad Nassir, as he was leaving his house. 2 Iraqi soldiers were killed and two others wounded when a roadside bomb exploded in Mosul. A string of attacks across the country killed at least 16 people.
    (AP, 5/18/13)
2013        May 18, A union of Italian metal workers led thousands of people in a march through the heart of Rome to press the new government for measures to spur job creation.
    (AP, 5/18/13)
2013        May 18, In Ivory Coast militia leader Amade Oueremi, a native of Burkina Faso, was taken into custody not far from the national park where his forces had been illegally occupying in the country's volatile western region. He was accused of grave crimes during the country’s 2010-11 postelection violence.
    (AP, 5/18/13)
2013        May 18, Kenya police shot dead a couple suspected to be terrorists after they threw four grenades, wounding five officers. The man killed was Kenyan national Felix Otuko, who was suspected of carrying out two grenade attacks on October 24, 2011.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 18, Nigeria's military declared a 24-hour curfew in several neighborhoods of Maiduguri as its campaign against Islamic extremists in the region continued.
    (AP, 5/18/13)
2013        May 18, In Pakistan Zahra Shahid, a senior member of former cricket star Imran Khan's party, was shot and killed in Karachi. Gunmen shot Shahid in front of her home after they tried to snatch her purse and then sped away on a motorcycle. Khan blamed her killing on the Muttahida Quami Movement (MQAM), the same party he accused of vote rigging in the May 11 election.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 18, Russia's Sergey Karjakin won the €100,000 ($130,000) Norway chess championship after drawing against Veselin Topalov of Bulgaria.
    (AP, 5/18/13)
2013        May 18, In Syria gunmen abducted the elderly father of Faisal Mekdad, the deputy foreign minister. Activists reported a wave of tit-for-tat kidnappings between rival Islamic militant groups in Aleppo, after clashes killed at least four militants.
    (AP, 5/18/13)
2013        May 18, Massive numbers of Tunisian police and army surrounded the religious center of Kairouan to prevent a conference by salafists. The ultraconservative Muslim group Ansar al-Shariah has been implicated in attacks around the country.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 18, In Yemen a suspected US drone strike killed four al-Qaida militants in Abyan province, an area once overrun by the group.
    (AP, 5/18/13)

2014        May 18, Gordon Willis, American cinematographer, died at his home in Massachusetts. His many films included the Godfather series, “Manhattan," “Annie Hall", “Klute" and “All the President’s Men."
    (SFC, 5/27/14, p.C3)
2014        May 18, Bosnian officials said over 300 landslides triggered by unprecedented rains have left hundreds of people homeless. The floods and landslides unearthed minefield warning signs from the 1992-95 war and, in many cases, the unexploded booby traps themselves.
    (AP, 5/18/14)
2014        May 18, In China Liu Zhanbin, the chief executive of Sanjing Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., jumped to his death. He was under investigation on suspicion of taking bribes.
    (AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 18, In Colombia 32 children were killed when an overcrowded bus they were traveling in caught fire in Fundacion.
    (AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 18, Egyptian courts in Cairo and Kafr el-Sheikh convicted 170 suspected supporters of toppled President Mohammed Morsi on charges over violent attacks last year.
    (AP, 5/18/14)
2014        May 18, Greeks began voting in the first round of local elections that mark PM Antonis Samaras's first big electoral test since coming to power two years ago.
    (Reuters, 5/18/14)
2014        May 18, Guinea-Bissau voted in a presidential runoff vote intended to restore constitutional order in a country known for coups and unrest. Voters chose between Jose Mario Vaz, whose party won a parliamentary majority in April's first round, against Nuno Gomes Nabiam, who is known for having close ties to military leaders.
    (AP, 5/18/14)
2014        May 18, In Iraq a series of bombings mainly targeting markets and commercial streets killed 14 people.
    (AP, 5/18/14)(SFC, 5/19/14, p.A2)
2014        May 18, In Libya forces loyal to rogue Libyan Gen. Khalifa Hifter attacked the parliament in Tripoli, forcing lawmakers to flee an assault that targeted Islamists there who protect the extremist militias now plaguing the nation. Two people were reportedly killed and more than 50 wounded.
    (AP, 5/18/14)(AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 18, Peruvian politician Carlos Bruce (57) announced he is gay, in an interview this weekend with the newspaper El Comercio. This was a first in one of Latin America's most conservative countries.
    (AFP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 18, In Serbia soldiers, police and volunteers battled to protect power plants from rising flood waters as the death toll from the region's worst rainfall in more than a century reached 35.
    (Reuters, 5/18/14)
2014        May 18, Syrian rebels captured a village in the northwest, killing more than a dozen government troops in heavy clashes and prompting the military to carry out airstrikes to try to dislodge the fighters. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 18 pro-government troops and two rebels were killed in the fighting. The Observatory also said Islamic State fighters killed at least 19 rebels near the village of Raai in Aleppo province. Abdullah Qadour al-Hamawi, a disabled 14-year-old, was reportedly killed by a chlorine bomb in Kfar Zeita, Ha province.
    (AP, 5/18/14)(Reuters, 5/20/14)
2014        May 18, Turkish police detained 24 people, including mining company executives and personnel, as an investigation into last week's mine disaster in Soma got underway. The last of 301 victims were buried.
    (Reuters, 5/18/14)(SSFC, 5/25/14, p.A6)
2014        May 18, Vietnam smothered anti-China protests with a massive security clampdown after deadly riots triggered by a territorial dispute with Beijing spooked foreign investors and the country's leadership alike. Beijing said it had evacuated 3,000 nationals from Vietnam and was sending the first of five ships to pull out others wanting to leave.
    (AP, 5/18/14)
2014        May 18, Yemeni troops killed a local al Qaeda commander and four of his aides in clashes in a southern province where the army has been waging an offensive against the militant network. The militant, known by his nickname al-Meqdad, was killed in Qarn al-Sawda, Shabwa province.
    (Reuters, 5/18/14)

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