Today in History - May 19

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715        May 19, St. Gregory II began his reign as Catholic Pope.
    (HN, 5/19/98)

988        May 19, Dunstanus, English archbishop of Canterbury, died.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1218        May 19, Otto IV (36), Holy Roman Emperor, died.
    (PC, 1992, p.106)

1296        May 19, Pietro di Murrone, former Pope Celestine V, died in the castle of Fumone, where he was imprisoned by his successor, Boniface VIII.
    (SFEC, 10/22/00, p.A20)(www.newadvent.org/cathen/03479b.htm)

1469        May 19, Giovanni della Robbia, Italian sculptor, was born.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1506        May 19, Columbus selected his son Diego as sole heir.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1535        May 19, French explorer Jacques Cartier set sail for North America.
    (HN, 5/19/98)

1536        May 19, Anne Boleyn, the second wife of England's King Henry VIII, was beheaded on Tower Green after she was convicted of adultery and incest with her brother, Lord Rochford, who was executed two days before. It was the day before Henry VIII's marriage to Jane Seymour.
    (AP, 5/19/97)(DTnet, 5/19/97)(HN, 5/19/99)

1568        May 19, Defeated by the Protestants, Mary, Queen of Scots, fled to England where Queen Elizabeth imprisoned her.
    (HN, 5/19/99)

1571        May 19, Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founded the city of Manila in the Philippines and encountered Chinese settlements. [see Mar 19]
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)(WSJ, 12/26/02, p.A1)

1588        May 19, The Spanish Armada set sail to Lisbon bound for England; it was soundly defeated by the English fleet the following August. [see May 11]
    (AP, 5/19/97)(DTnet, 5/19/97)

1608        May 19, The Protestant states formed the Evangelical Union of Lutherans and Calvinists under the direction of the elector of Brandenburg.
    (HN, 5/19/99)

1635        May 19, Cardinal Richelieu of France intervened in the great conflict in Europe by declaring war on the Hapsburgs in Spain.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)(HN, 5/19/99)

1643        May 19, Delegates from four New England colonies, Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor, met in Boston to form a confederation: the United Colonies of New England.
    (AP, 5/19/97)
1643        May 19, A French army destroyed Spanish army at the Battle at Rocroi /Allersheim in France
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)(HN, 5/19/98)

1749        May 19, George II granted a charter to the Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1762        May 19, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher, was born. He developed ethical idealism out of Immanuel Kant's work.
    (HN, 5/19/99)

1774        May 19, Ann Lee and eight Shakers sailed from Liverpool to New York. The religious group originated in Quakerism and fled England due to religious persecution. They become the first conscientious objectors on religious grounds and were jailed during the American Revolution in 1776. In 1998 Suzanne Skees published “god Among the Shakers." The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing is the full, proper name for the 19th-century religious group better known as the Shakers. Although they were the largest and best-known communal society a century ago, the Shakers were rarely referred to by their proper name. Outsiders dubbed them "Shakers" for the movements in their ritualistic dance.
    (DT internet 5/19/97)(WSJ, 3/27/98, p.W10)(HNQ, 7/2/98)

1780        May 19, A mysterious darkness enveloped much of New England and part of Canada in the early afternoon; the cause has never been determined.
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(DTnet, 5/19/97)

1786        May 19, John Stanley (74), composer, died.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1792        May 19, Russian army entered Poland.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1795        May 19, Johns Hopkins, founder of Johns Hopkins University, was born.
    (HN, 5/19/98)
1795        May 19, James Boswell (54), friend and biographer of Samuel Johnson, died. His 1791 biography, the Life of Samuel Johnson," changed the way biographies were written by its emphasis on character and careful research.
    (ON, 11/06, p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Boswell)

1796        May 19, A game protection law was passed by Congress to restrict encroachment by whites on Indian hunting grounds.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1798        May 19, A French armada of 335 ships carrying nearly 40,000 men set sail for Alexandria, Egypt, which Napoleon planned to conquer. In 2008 Paul Strathern authored “Napoleon in Egypt."
    (WSJ, 11/17/08, p.A17)

1800        May 19, French Bosbeeck, veterinarian, robber, was hanged.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1802        May 19 Napoleon established the French Order of Legion d'Honneur award (Legion of Honor). It was a general military and civil order of merit conferred without regard to birth or religion, provided that anyone admitted swore to uphold liberty and equality.
    (DrEE, 9/28/96, p.5)(SFC, 10/19/96, A7)

1845        May 19, The HMS Erebus and Terror sailed from England under Sir John Franklin to navigate through the Arctic and find the elusive Northwest passage. Sir John Franklin and his 128-member crew all died on the journey and the ships vanished. By 1847 the British Admiralty had received no reports of Franklin. [see Franklin Jun 11, 1847]
    (WSJ, 2/10/95,  p.A-7)(www.coolantarctica.com)(Reuters, 8/23/12)

1848        May 19, Texas was awarded to the U.S.A. by Mexico thus ending the war.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1856        May 19, Senator Charles Sumner spoke out against slavery.
    (HN, 5/19/98)

1857        May 19, William Francis Channing and Moses G. Farmer were granted the first patent for an electric fire alarm system.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1858        May 19, A pro-slavery band led by Charles Hameton executed unarmed Free State men near Marais des Cygnes on the Kansas-Missouri border.
    (HN, 5/19/99)

1862        May 19, Homestead Act became law and provided cheap land for settlement of West.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1863        May 19, Union General Ulysses S. Grant's first attack on Vicksburg, Miss., was repulsed.
    (HN, 5/19/99)

1864        May 19, The last engagement in a series of battles of Spotsylvania was fought. Following the American Civil War Battle of Spotsylvania in 1864, General Ulysses S. Grant said, "The world has never seen so bloody and so protracted a battle as the one being fought and I hope never will again."
    (HN, 5/19/98)(HNQ, 2/12/99)
1864        May 19, Battle of Port Walthall Junction, VA (Bermuda Hundred).
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1864        May 19, Nathaniel Hawthorne (b.1804), US writer (Scarlet Letter), died in Plymouth, New Hampshire. Friend and former US Pres. Franklin Pierce was at his bedside. In 2003 Brenda Wineapple authored "Hawthorne: A Life."
    (MC, 5/19/02)(http://www.gradesaver.com/)(SSFC, 10/5/03, p.M1)

1879        May 19, Lord Waldorf Astor, British publisher, was born.
    (HN, 5/19/98)
1879        May 19, Lady Nancy Astor, Nancy Witcher Langhorne, was born. She was the first woman to sit in the British House of Commons.
    (HN, 5/19/99)

1881        May 19, Kemal Ataturk (d.1938), first president (1923-38) of the Republic of Turkey, later set this as his birth date. He did not know the exact day, but favored May 19, tied to his start in 1919 of the war for independence.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustafa_Kemal_Atat%C3%BCrk)(SSFC, 5/19/13, p.N3)

1885        May 19, Jan Matzeliger began the 1st mass production of shoes in Lynn,    Massachusetts.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1885        May 19, “Professor" Robert Emmet Odlum of Washington, D.C., a well named swimming instructor and author of pamphlets on diving, jumped from Brooklyn bridge. He entered the water feet first (as was the accepted diving position at the time) and shattered every bone in his frame from heel to skull. He was pulled from the river unconscious and died a half hour later.
    (http://thepublici.blogspot.com/)
1885        May 19, German chancellor Bismarck took possession of Cameroon & Togoland.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1886        May 19, Camille Saint-Saens' 3rd Symphony in C ("Organ"), premiered.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1890        May 19, Ho Chi Minh, revolutionist and leader of North Vietnam (1946-1969), was born. He fought the Japanese, French and United States to gain independence for his country.
    (HN, 5/19/99)(MC, 5/19/02)

1892        May 19, Charles Brady King of Detroit invented the pneumatic hammer. [see Jan 30, 1894]
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1895        May 19, Johns Hopkins, merchant and philanthropist, was born.
    (HN, 5/19/01)

1898        May 19, US Congress passed the Private Mailing Card Act which allowed private publishers and printers to produce postcards.
    (www.si.edu/archives/postcard/chronology.htm)

1900        May 19, Simplon Tunnel opened as the world's longest railroad tunnel at 12 miles; it linked Italy & Switzerland through the Alps.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1906        May 19, The Federated Boys' Clubs, the forerunner of the Boys' Clubs of    America, were organized.
    (AP, 5/19/97)(DTnet, 5/19/97)

1909        May 19, San Francisco Mayor Edward Taylor wrote a letter to Pres. Taft testifying to the valuable aid of the federal government in the city’s recent campaign against bubonic plague.
    (SSFC, 5/31/09, DB p.50)

1911        May 19, Maurice Ravel’s opera "L'Heure Espagnole," premiered in Paris.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1913        May 19, The Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill was signed in California, excluding Japanese from owning land.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1916        May 19, The Sykes-Picot Agreement was a secret understanding between the governments of Britain and France defining their respective spheres of post-World War I influence and control in the Middle East. The boundaries of this agreement still remains in much of the common border between Syria and Iraq. Britain and France carved up the Levant into an assortment of monarchies, mandates and emirates. The agreement enshrined Anglo-French imperialist ambitions at the end of WW II. Syria and Lebanon were put into the French orbit, while Britain claimed Jordan, Iraq, the Gulf states and the Palestinian Mandate. Sir Mark Sykes (d.1919 at age 39) and Francois Picot made the deal.
    (WSJ, 2/27/00, p.A17)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sykes-Picot_Agreement)

1918        May 19, Florence Chadwick, the 1st to swim English Channel both ways, was born.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1919        May 19, Mustafa Kemal arrived in Samsun, Anatolia, to start the National Struggle.
    http://www.osmanli700.gen.tr/english/sultans.html

1920        May 19, In Matewan, West Virginia, a gunbattle between coal company-hired detectives and local townspeople leaving 10 men dead, including mayor Cabell Testerman, 2 miners and 7 detectives.
    (AH, 4/07, p.62)(www.matewan.com/History/battle.htm)

1921        May 19, Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act, which established national quotas for immigrants entering the United States.
    (AP, 5/19/97)(DTnet, 5/19/97)

1925        May 19, Malcolm X, (Malcolm Little) militant black Muslim leader, was born in Omaha, Neb. He spoke of racial pride and black nationalism and was assassinated in 1965. "You can't separate peace from freedom because no one can be at peace unless he has his freedom."
    (AP, 2/21/99)(HN, 5/19/99)(SFC, 9/8/99, p.A7)
1925        May 19, Pol Pot (d.1998), Cambodian dictator and mass murderer, was born in Prek Sbauv, Cambodia.
    (www.time.com/time/asia/asia/magazine/1999/990823/pol_pot1.html)

1926        May 19, French air force bombed Damascus, Syria.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1928        May 19, The 1st annual "Frog Jumping Jubilee" at Angel's Camp, Ca., drew 51 frogs.
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1928        May 19, "Firedamp" exploded in a Mather, Pennsylvania, coal mine killing 195 of 273 miners.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1929        May 19, Harvey Cox, US theologist (Secular City), was born.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1934        May 19, James Lehrer, broadcast journalist, was born in Wichita, Ks.
    (HN, 5/19/01)

1935        May 19, National Football League adopted an annual college draft to begin in 1936.
    (HN, 5/19/98)
1935        May 19, Colonel Thomas E. Lawrence (b.1888), better known as Lawrence of Arabia, died 6 days after sustaining head injuries in a motorcycle accident on a Dorset, England, country road. Lawrence served the British Foreign Office as liaison officer during the Arab revolt against the Turks in World War I. His leadership and sympathetic understanding of the Arabs were instrumental in Allied General Edmund Allenby's conquest of Palestine in 1917. Bitterly disappointed by the 1919 Paris Peace Conference's refusal to mandate Arab independence, Lawrence resigned from the Foreign Office in 1922 to write books about his Middle East experiences. In 2011 Michael Korda authored “Hero: The Life and Legend of Lawrence of Arabia." In 20154 Anthony Sattin authored “The Young T.E. Lawrence."
    (HNPD, 5/19/99)(AP, 5/19/08)(Econ, 4/30/11, p.90)(Econ., 2/14/15, p.75)

1939        May 19, In San Francisco a new Safeway grocery store opened at Bush and Larkin at a site once occupied by Lurline baths.
    (SSFC, 5/18/14, DB p.50)

1940        May 19, Amsterdam time became MET (Middle European Time).
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1941        May 19, Jane Brody, food and health writer, was born.
    (HN, 5/19/01)
1941        May 19, Nora Ephron, screenwriter and director, was born.
    (HN, 5/19/01)
1941        May 19, German occupiers in Holland forbade bicycle taxis.
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1941        May 19, The new 823.5-foot Nazi battleship Bismarck left Gdynia, Poland, under the command of Commander Gunther Lutjens.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_battleship_Bismarck)(ON, 10/09, p.1)

1942        May 19, Sir Joseph Larmor (b.1857), professor of mathematics, died in Ireland. His contributions bridged the old and the new physics. He published three papers all entitled “A dynamical theory of the electric and luminiferous medium" between 1894 and 1897. These papers presented his theory of the electron, which gained further weight in 1897 when J J Thomson experimentally identified the electron.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9y5wg)(WSJ, 10/13/06, p.A13)

1943        May 19, In an address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledged his country's full support in the war against Japan.
    (AP, 5/19/97)
1943        May 19, Billy Sing (b.1886), credited with being the most successful and feared sniper in the Gallipoli campaign, died in Australia. The Australian-Chinese war hero was credited with having killed more than 200 enemy soldiers. In 2010 a television film, "The Legend of Billy Sing," raised the ire of the Australian-Chinese community because it featured a white actor as Billy Sing.
    (AFP, 5/9/10)
1943        May 19, Berlin was declared "Judenrien" (cleansed of Jews).
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1944        May 19, The Gustav line, the German defense line in Italy, collapsed under heavy assault by Allied troops.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1944        May 19, 240 gypsies were transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork Neth.
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1944        May 19, Friedrich Engel (1909-2006), a Nazi SS officer, oversaw the massacre of 59 Italian prisoners near Genoa. An Italian military court convicted Engel in absentia in 1999 and sentenced him to life for war crimes connected to a total of 246 deaths. In 2002 a German court convicted Engel of 59 counts of murder and handed him a suspended seven-year term.
    (AP, 2/14/06)

1945        May 19, Peter Townshend, England, rock guitarist, vocalist, composer (Who-Tommy), was born.
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1945        May 19, The UN Charter committee met in Muir Woods. The meeting was planned by Roosevelt on a suggestion by Sec. of the Interior Ickes: one of the sessions “might be held among the giant redwoods in Muir Woods. Not only would this focus attention upon the nation’s interest in preserving these mighty trees for posterity, but in such a “temple of peace" the delegates would gain a perspective and sense of time that could be obtained nowhere better than in such a forest."
    (Park, Spring/95, p.2)

1951        May 19, UN began a counter offensive in Korea.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1952        May 19, John Garfield (39), blacklisted film actor, died. His films included "The Postman Always Rings Twice" (1946).
    (SFC, 1/27/04, p.A16)

1954        May 19, Postmaster General Summerfield approved a CIA mail-opening project.
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1954        May 19, American composer Charles Ives died in New York.
    (AP, 5/19/04)

1955        May 19, In Vietnam Maj. Vo Bam, a defense supply specialist, was instructed to find a supply route south. Bam's route became the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
    (SFC, 8/18/00, p.D2)

1956        May 19, R.C., "(You've Got) The Magic Touch" by The Platters peaked at #4 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)

1958        May 19, The movie "Attack of the 50 Foot Woman" was released in the movie theaters in USA.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1958        May 19, The United States and Canada formally established the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD).
    (AP, 5/19/97)(Econ, 3/5/05, p.38)
1958        May 19, British actor Ronald Colman died in Santa Barbara, Calif., at age 67.
    (AP, 5/19/08)

1959        May 19, Nicole Brown Simpson, Mrs. OJ Simpson (murdered), was born in Frankfurt, Germany.
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1959        May 19, The Peoples’ Army of Vietnam’s Military Transportation Group 559 formed on the 69th birthday of Vietnamese revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh. It ultimately resulted in the creation of the Ho Chi Minh Trail. The trail was intended to facilitate the infiltrating of troops and transporting supplies from North Vietnam to support the revolution in South Vietnam.
    (HNQ, 6/1/99)

1960        May 19, Walt Disney's movie "Pollyanna" was released in movie theaters.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1960        May 19, The Drifters recorded "Save the Last Dance For Me".
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1960        May 19, DJ Alan Freed was accused of bribery in radio payola scandal.
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1960        May 19, USAF Maj. Robert M White took the X-15 to 33,222 m.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1960        May 19, Belgian parliament required a rest day for self employed.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1962        May 19, R.C., "Shout! Shout! (Knock Yourself Out)" by Ernie Maresca peaked at #6 on the pop singles chart.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1962        May 19, Marilyn Monroe sang "Happy Birthday" to Pres. Kennedy at Madison Square Garden while wearing a dress described as "skin and beads." In 1999 the dress sold for $1.15 million at Christie's auction house.
    (SFC, 10/28/99, p.A3)
1962        May 19, Stan Musial broke Honus Wagner's NL baseball hit record with 3,431.
    (MC, 5/19/02)
1962        May 19, Indonesian paratroopers landed in New Guinea.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1964        May 19, The State Department announced the U.S. embassy in Moscow had been bugged. A network of more than 40 microphones embedded in the walls had been found.
    (AP, 5/19/97)(DTnet, 5/19/97)

1966        May 19, A tortoise, reportedly given to Tonga's King by Capt. Cook in 1773), died.
    (MC, 5/19/02)

1967        May 19, The Soviet Union ratified a treaty with the United States and Britain banning nuclear weapons from outer space: "Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies." The Int’l. Outer Space Treaty barred nations from appropriating celestial bodies but did not mention individuals.
    (AP, 5/19/97)(SFC, 6/25/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 7/13/97, Par p.8)
1967        May 19, Aircraft from the US carriers Enterprise, Kitty Hawk, and Bon Homme Richard conducted air strikes against three targets in the vicinity of Hanoi.
    (www.virtualwall.org/dp/PattersonJK01a.htm)

1971        May 19, The Russian Mars 2 Orbiter and Lander made it to Mars but the Lander crashed when braking rockets failed. The orbiter returned late until 1972.
    (SFC, 11/19/96, p.B1)

1972        May 19, Kathy Boudin and Bernardine Dohrn, members of the Weathermen, set explosives in bathroom of the US Pentagon. [See Oct 20,1981]
    (WSJ, 11/26/03, p.A1)(http://hnn.us/articles/1155.html)

1974        May 19, Valeri Giscard d'Estaing won French presidential elections.
    (SFEC, 11/12/00, p.D4)(www.loc.gov/today/pr/2003/03-008.html)

1976        May 19, The US Senate established congressional oversight over the CIA with the permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI).
    (SFC, 9/17/97, p.A3)(http://tinyurl.com/3cc2yh)
1976        May 19, In San Francisco Jenny Read (b.1945), an Episcopal sculptor, was raped and murdered while working on a sculpture of St. John of the Cross in Potrero Hill. In 2009 police using DNA evidence arrested and charged James Lee Mayfield (63), a registered sex offender with her murder.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.F4)(SFC, 8/11/09, p.C1)

1977        May 19, David Frost, British talk-show host, extracted an on-air apology from former Pres. Richard Nixon regarding his role in Watergate.
    (www.landmarkcases.org/nixon/nixonview.html)

1979        May 19, The recording "Shake Your Body (Down To The Ground)" by The Jacksons peaked at #5 on the pop singles chart.
    (www.1050chum.com/index_chumcharts.aspx?artist=8900)
1979        May 19, The Regents of the Univ. of California asked General Motors to stop doing business with the police and military forces in South Africa.
    (SFC, 5/14/04, p.F5)

1982        May 19, Sophia Loren (b.1934) began serving 18 days in an Italian prison for failing to pay her taxes.
    (www.answers.com/topic/sophia-loren?cat=entertainment)

1984        May 19, Michael Larson (1949-1999) won $110,000 on the "Press Your Luck" Game Show. He had memorized the generated game patterns.
    (http://gscentral.net/larsen.htm)
1984        May 19, John Betjeman (b.1906), British poet, died. In 2004 Bevis Hillier authored a 3-volume biography of Betjeman. In 2006 A.N. Wilson authored a single volume biography.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Betjeman)(WSJ, 12/2/06, p.P8)

1986        May 19, South African commandos struck alleged ANC "operational centers" in Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia.
    (www.iie.com/research/topics/sanctions/southafrica.cfm)

1987        May 19, President Reagan defended America's presence in the Persian Gulf, two days after 37 American sailors were killed when an Iraqi warplane attacked the U.S. frigate Stark.
    (AP, 5/19/97)

1988        May 19, Carlos Lehder Rivas, co-founder of Colombia's Medellin drug cartel, was convicted in Jacksonville, Fla., of smuggling more than 3 tons of cocaine into the US.
    (AP, 5/19/98)

1989        May 19, The NCAA announced sanctions against the University of Kentucky's basketball program for recruiting and academic violations.
    (AP, 5/19/99)
1989        May 19, On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average passed the 2500 mark, ending the day at 2,501.10.
    (AP, 5/19/99)

1990        May 19, The tune "Vogue" by Madonna peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart.
    (www.onmc.iinet.net.au/top/1990.htm)
1990        May 19, Summer Squall won the Preakness Stakes.
    (www.lanesendstakes.com/milestones.html)
1990        May 19, Secretary of State James A. Baker III concluded an agreement with the Soviet Union to destroy chemical weapons and settle longstanding disputes over limits on nuclear-tipped cruise missiles.
    (AP, 5/19/00)

1991        May 19, Martial-law courts in Kuwait began trying people accused of collaborating with Iraqi occupation forces, sentencing one man to life in prison for wearing a Saddam Hussein T-shirt. The trials came under international criticism, and were halted.
    (AP, 5/19/01)

1992        May 19, The 27th Amendment to the Constitution, which prohibited Congress from giving itself mid-term pay raises, went into effect as it was certified by the archivist of the United States, two centuries after it was first proposed by James Madison. It actually became part of the constitution on May 7, 1992, when Michigan became the 38th state to ratify the amendment.
    (AP, 5/19/97)
1992        May 19, In San Francisco, Vice President Dan Quayle denounced what he called the "poverty of values" in America's inner cities, and criticized the TV show "Murphy Brown" for having its title character decide to bear a child out of wedlock.
    (AP, 5/19/97)
1992        May 19, In Massapequa, New York, Mary Jo Buttafuoco was shot and seriously wounded by teen-ager Amy Fisher (17), who claimed to be having an    affair with Mrs. Buttafuoco's husband, Joey, an allegation the Buttafuoco's    denied. Joey later pleaded guilty to 3rd degree rape and admitted to the affair. In 1998 Mr. Buttafuoco planned to premier a TV show on public cable access for “people jammed up in the media." Fisher was later dubbed "the Long Island Lolita" and served 7 years of a 15 year sentence.
    (SFC, 3/31/98, p.A6)(SFC, 5/11/99, p.A9)
1992        May 19, Members of a Bosnian Serb paramilitary group allegedly killed 11 detained Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) civilians in the Hunters Lodge in Mostina, shooting from automatic rifles and throwing hand grenades through an opened door. In 2010 Milan Kornjaca (56) Milorad Zivkovic 54) and Dusko Tadic (46) were charged with taking part in the killing.
    (Reuters, 6/9/10)

1993        May 19, The US White House set off a political storm by abruptly firing the entire staff of its travel office; five of seven staffers were later reinstated and assigned other duties.
    (AP, 5/19/98)
1993        May 19, Dow Jones closed above 3,500 for the first Time (3,500.03).
    (www.finfacts.com/Private/curency/djones.htm)
1993        May 19, A Boeing 727 of Columbian SAM regional airline crashed into a jungle mountain near Medellin and killed all 132 on board.
    (SFC, 11/1/96, p.A18)

1994        May 19, The final episode of LA Law (b.1986) showed on TV after 8 year run.
    (http://epguides.com/LALaw/)
1994        May 19, President Clinton held a news conference in which he defended his foreign policy against suggestions he improvises it from crisis to crisis, saying, "I continue to look for new solutions."
    (AP, 5/19/99)
1994        May 19, The US FDA approved of the first genetically engineered tomato. Flavr Savr tomatoes supermarkets this year.
    (www.bioline.org.br/request?nl94033)(Econ, 5/10/14, p.25)
1994        May 19, Former first lady Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis died of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cancer in New York City at age 64.
    (SFEC, 11/10/96, Par p.2)(SFEC, 5/4/97, p.A3)(AP, 5/19/97)

1995        May 19, The movie "Die Hard: With a Vengeance" was released in the movie theaters in USA.
    (DTnet, 5/19/97)
1995        May 19, The Senate voted 99-0 to reject President Clinton's spending blueprint.
    (AP, 5/19/00)
1995        May 19, NASA's administrator unveiled plans to slash thousands of aerospace jobs and to overhaul virtually every part of the agency.
    (AP, 5/19/00)
1995        May 19, AMC Entertainment Inc. opened the 1st multi-theater film megaplex, the Grand 24, in Dallas, Texas.
    (SFC, 5/19/05, p.C3)(WSJ, 5/13/97, p.B1)
1995        May 19, The world's youngest doctor in the world came to be as India-born Balamurali Ambati at 17 graduated from Mount Sinai Medical School.
    (www.hindunet.org/alt_hindu/1995_May_2/msg00038.html)

1996        May 19, In an astronomical near hit, a large asteroid approached Earth within 279,000 miles, a distance just greater than the moon, in a surprise to astronomers who discovered it in midweek.
    (SFC, 5/19/96, p.A-2)
1996        May 19, The Endeavour Shuttle rocketed into orbit with six astronauts. One task was to deploy an experimental antennae that would inflate and swell to the size of a tennis court.
    (SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-2)
1996        May 19, French troops moved into Bangui of the Central African Republic to help quell an army uprising and protect French citizens.
    (SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-9)

1997        May 19, An indictment was filed against NBC sportscaster Marv Albert for biting a woman in an Arlington, Va., hotel on Feb 12 as many as 15 times and forcing her to perform oral sex. At trial, Albert ended up pleading guilty to assault and battery; he served no jail time.
    (AP, 5/19/07)(www.eonline.com/News/Court/0597.albert.html)
1997        May 19, The Univ. of Calif. at Berkeley created the first professorship dedicated to the study of how knowledge is created within businesses. Japanese scholar Ikujiro Nonaka was named as head of the post with a grant from Xerox and Fuji Xerox Co.
    (SFC, 5/20/97, p.C2)
1997        May 19, In China’s Inner Mongolia a gas explosion in Wuhai city killed at least 28 miners.
    (SFEC, 5/25/97, p.C16)

1998        May 19, The PanAmSat Corp. Galaxy 4 communications satellite malfunctioned and disrupted pager services for some 40 million customers.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/20/98, p.A1)
1998        May 19, In Florida Hank Carr freed himself from handcuffs and killed 2 officers and a state trooper after he was picked up for questioning in the shooting death of his 4-year-old stepson. He later shot himself during a standoff with 170 police officers at a gas station.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.A3)
1998        May 19, In Fayetteville, Tenn., an honor student (18) killed a classmate, who was dating his ex-girlfriend.
    (SFC, 4/21/99, p.A6)
1998        May 19, In Afghanistan Taliban officials withdrew from the peace plan citing the refusal of the opposition to cooperate.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.C2)
1998        May 19, In Colombia Pres. Samper disbanded the 20th Intelligence Brigade under US pressure because of evidence that the unit was responsible for a series of murders of civilian politicians and human rights activists.
    (SFC, 5/25/98, p.A12)
1998        May 19, A Congo military court sentenced Masasu Nindanga and Joseph Olenghankoy, opponents of Pres. Kabila, to jail terms of 20 and 15 years with no right of appeal.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.C2)
1998        May 19, In Indonesia a threatened anti-Suharto demonstration was called off to avoid bloodshed after the army mounted a big show of force in the capital.
    (WSJ, 5/20/98, p.A1)
1998        May 19-1998 May 20, Bandits stole three of Rome's most important paintings, two by Van Gogh and one by Cezanne, from the National Gallery of Modern Art.
    (SFC, 5/21/98, p.A14)(AP, 5/19/99)
1998        May 19, In Russia strikes by coal miners, scientists and other workers spread across the country in a demand for unpaid wages.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.A12)
1998        May 19, In Serbia Pres. Milosevic named Momir Bulatovic as federal prime minister. Montenegro’s parliament said it did not recognize the ouster of Radoje Kontic and that it would no recognize any laws of the federal government.
    (SFC, 5/20/98, p.A12)

1999        May 19, The much-anticipated movie prequel "Star Wars: Episode One -- The Phantom Menace" opened. The film brought in a record $28,543,549.
    (SFC, 5/21/99, p.C1)(AP, 5/19/00)
1999        May 19, The US Justice Dept. moved to revoke the citizenship of John Demjanjuk (79), a retired Cleveland autoworker, and said it had new evidence that he was a death camp guard, known as "Ivan the Terrible," at Treblinka during WW II.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A4)(AP, 5/19/00)
1999        May 19, Ali A. Mohamed, a former US Army sergeant, was indicted for conspiring with Osama bin Laden to kill Americans abroad.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A2)
1999        May 19, Researchers reported that pollen from corn infused with genes from the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is toxic to monarch butterfly larvae when sprinkled on milkweed, a natural food source for the caterpillars. The genetically manipulated corn comprised about 20% of the US crop.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A1,15)
1999        May 19, A bull market began in China after the people’s Daily exhorted the masses to buy stocks.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.D1)
1999        May 19, In Congo the rebel Congolese Democratic Coalition named Emile Ilunga as their new leader.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A13)
1999        May 19, In France employees of the Culture Ministry went on strike and shut down the government-owned museums and historic chateaus.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, p.A26)
1999        May 19, As NATO's Operation Allied Force entered its ninth week, Russia's special envoy to the Balkans called on both NATO and Yugoslavia to suspend hostilities.
    (AP, 5/19/00)
1999        May 19, In Russia Sergei Stepashin was approved as the new prime minister by the Duma 301 to 55.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A12)
1999        May 19, Ukrainian authorities on 19 May 1999 arrested four Russian citizens who were attempting to smuggle 20kg of “enriched uranium ore" to Western Europe.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3cydhn)
1999        May 19, As many as 1000 Yugoslav Army soldiers were reported to have returned home from Kosovo after hearing of the suppression of anti-war demonstrations in Cacak, Krusevac and Alexandrovac.
    (SFC, 5/20/99, p.A1)

2000        May 19, NYC Mayor Giuliani dropped out of the race for a US senate seat due to prostate cancer. He was also beleaguered by a personal scandal.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.A1)
2000        May 19, Scientists led by Robert Gallo announced plans for an oral AIDS vaccine to be tested in Uganda for less than $1 per dose. Trials might begin within 18 months.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.A1)
2000        May 19, The shuttle Atlantis lifted off with 7 astronauts on a mission to fix the Int’l. Space Station.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.A7)
2000        May 19, China and the European Union reached a market-opening trade deal, clearing Beijing’s largest remaining hurdle to joining the World Trade Organization.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.A8)(AP, 5/19/01)
2000        May 19, Masked gunmen launched a coup in Fiji that toppled Prime Minister Mahendra Chaudhry, the country’s first ethnic Indian premier.
    (AP, 5/19/01)
2000        May 19, In France an 11-day strike by armored truck guards left the country short of cash.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.A9)
2000        May 19, Nine countries banded together to petition entry into NATO in 2002. They included Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.A9)
2000        May 19, In Paraguay Pres. Luis Gonzalez Macchi announced that an attempted coup by soldiers and police was stopped.
    (SFC, 5/20/00, p.A8)

2001        May 19, "Point Given" won the Preakness as Derby winner "Monarchos" finished out of the money.
    (AP, 5/19/02)
2001        May 19, The Arab League called on Arab governments to sever political contacts with Israel until the Jewish state ended military action against Palestinians.
    (AP, 5/19/02)
2001        May 19, It was reported that China’s “Strike Hard" anti-crime campaign had resulted in at least 801 executions in the last 3 weeks of April.
    (SFC, 5/19/01, p.A8)
2001        May 19, In Croatian local elections nationalists won 14 of 21 counties.
    (WSJ, 5/22/01, p.A1)
2001        May 19, In Somalia luggage in a bus exploded near Halgan and 26 passengers were killed. Gunpowder in a suitcase was placed near the engine.
    (SSFC, 5/20/01, p.A16)
2001        May 19, In Yemen an explosion in the weapons market of al-Suwaida killed at least 14 people and injured 15.
    (SSFC, 5/20/01, p.A16)

2002        May 19, Boston Cardinal Bernard Law said in a letter distributed to parishes that he did not become aware until 1993 of sexual abuse allegations against the Rev. Paul Shanley.
    (AP, 5/19/03)
2002        May 19, Sgt. Gene Arden Vance (38), an American special forces soldier, was killed in Afghanistan, when his unit came into contact with enemy forces. Operation Mountain Lion began in an attempt to seal off the border.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A14)(NW, 8/26/02, p.39)
2002        May 19, A team of 50 US Green Berets landed in Tbilisi for a 2-year training program for Georgia's army.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A14)
2002        May 19, Walter Lord (84), author of "A Night To Remember," a minute-by-minute retelling of the "Titanic" tragedy, died in New York.
    (AP, 5/19/03)
2002        May 19, Weekend fighting in Kashmir between India and Pakistan left at least 15 people killed.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A8)
2002        May 19, In Israel a suicide bomber killed himself, 3 Israelis and wounded over 50 in a market in Netanya.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A1)
2002        May 19, Sanabel Al-Fararja (15) and Kayan Al-Saify (16), West Bank teenagers, ended an 8-week trip in the US where they crossed the country and spoke on behalf of peace in Palestine.
    (SFC, 5/16/02, p.A13)
2002        May 19, The Sierra Leone National Election Committee declared Pres. Kabbah the winner in the May 14 elections with 70.6% of the votes.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A6)
2002        May 19, Vietnam claimed almost 100% turnout in the mandatory single party national elections. All 759 candidates were approved by the Fatherland Front.
    (SFC, 5/20/02, p.A7)

2003        May 19, The US Supreme Court dealt a defeat to the drug industry, ruling 6-3 that a state may try to force companies to lower prices on prescription medications for the poor and uninsured.
    (AP, 5/19/04)
2003        May 19, It was reported that a loose affiliation of people worked to coordinate Internet attacks on span generators. E-mail marketer Optinrealbig.com was one of those targeted.
    (WSJ, 5/19/03, p.A1)
2003        May 19, MCI agreed to pay investors $500 million to settle fraud charges that it acquired in its merger with WorldCom.
    (WSJ, 5/20/03, p.A1)
2003        May 19, In France more than 300,000 protesters marched in anger over government pension reforms and striking teachers prevented students from taking part of their high-school graduation exams.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 19, Indonesian war planes attacked a rebel base and troops parachuted into restive Aceh province as the military launched a major offensive just hours after peace talks broke down and the president imposed martial law.
    (AP, 5/19/03)
2003        May 19, In central Iraq 4 US Marines on a resupply mission were killed when their Ch-46 Sea-Knight helicopter crashed into a canal and a fifth drowned trying to save them.
    (AP, 5/20/03)
2003        May 19, A Palestinian riding a bicycle blew himself up near an Israeli army jeep. A female suicide bomber detonated at the entrance to a shopping mall in Afula and killed 3 others in the 5th suicide bombing in 48 hours.
    (SFC, 5/20/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/19/04)

2004        May 19, Specialist Jeremy C. Sivits wept and apologized after receiving a year in prison and a bad conduct discharge in the first court-martial stemming from abuse of Iraqis at the Abu Ghraib prison.
    (AP, 5/19/05)
2004        May 19, Jack Eckerd (91), founder of the Eckerd drug store chain, died in Florida.
    (WSJ, 5/20/04, p.A1)
2004        May 19, Melvin J. Lasky (84), an American writer and editor who shaped opinions against communism in Cold War Europe, died at his home in Berlin.
    (AP, 5/27/04)
2004        May 19, In Afghanistan clashes left at least 4 Taliban dead.
    (WSJ, 5/20/04, p.A1)
2004        May 19, Britain opened the world’s 1st stem cell bank.
    (WSJ, 5/20/04, p.A1)
2004        May 19, The European Union lifted its 6-year-old ban on biotech products by approving imports of an insect-resistant strain of sweet corn for human consumption.
    (AP, 5/19/04)
2004        May 19, Sonia Gandhi announced that her Congress party had elected economist Manmohan Singh (71) as the next prime minister of India.
    (AP, 5/19/04)
2004        May 19, US Army Spc. Jeremy C. Sivits received the maximum penalty, one year in prison, reduction in rank and a bad conduct discharge, in the first court-martial stemming from mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners at the Abu Ghraib prison.
    (AP, 5/19/04)
2004        May 19, In Iraq US bombing killed up to 45 people, mostly women and children from the Bou Fahad tribe, at Mogr el-Deeb near the Syrian border. Witnesses said the site was a wedding celebration while US officials called it a way station for infiltrators.
    (AP, 5/20/04)(SFC, 5/20/04, p.A1)
2004        May 19, Israeli forces fired a missile and a tank shell into a large crowd of Palestinians demonstrating against the invasion of a neighboring refugee camp, witnesses said. At least 10 Palestinians were killed, all children and teenagers.
    (AP, 5/19/04)
2004        May 19, Ivory Coast's president fired 3 rebel and opposition ministers from a national unity government, including the leader of insurgents holding the northern half of the country.
    (AP, 5/20/04)
2004        May 19, A cyclone that swept through western Myanmar and left more than 140 people dead or missing, and about 18,000 people homeless.
    (AP, 5/28/04)
2004        May 19, In the Philippines Typhoon Nida left 31 people dead.
    (SFC, 5/21/04, p.B10)
2004        May 19, A Moscow court sentenced Mikhail Trepashkin, a former intelligence agent, to 4 years in prison, on a charge of revealing state secrets. The charge was related to Trepashkin’s investigations of 4 bombings in apartments across Russia in 1999 that were blamed on Chechen separatists.
    (SFC, 5/20/04, p.A10)
2004        May 19, Antonina Presnyakova, Russian Ebola researcher, died following an accidental needle stick containing the deadly virus. She worked at the Vektor State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology outside Novosibirsk in central Siberia.
    (AP, 5/25/04)

2005        May 19, The film “Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith," premiered.
    (WSJ, 5/19/05, p.A1)
2005        May 19, Republicans and Democrats tangled over President Bush's judicial nominees and the Senate's filibuster rules, with Democrats accusing Bush of trying to "rewrite the Constitution" and Republicans accusing Democrats of "unprecedented obstruction."
    (AP, 5/19/06)
2005        May 19, J.P. Morgan Chase introduced a no-swipe plastic credit card that used an embedded chip and RFID technology as well as the usual magnetic strip.
    (SFC, 5/20/05, p.C1)
2005        May 19, The US FCC voted to require internet phone companies to offer 911 service.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.67)
2005        May 19, UN health officials said death from the Angola Marburg fever outbreak had exceeded 300.
    (WSJ, 5/20/05, p.A1)
2005        May 19, British researchers reported the creation of the country's first, and the world's second (South Korea), cloned human embryo.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, The Canada House of Commons split 152-152 on a confidence motion and it took a vote by the parliament speaker to give Martin's minority government its one-vote victory.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, Five Chilean soldiers froze to death and 65 were missing after a fierce snowstorm pounded the Andes mountains.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, In northern China a large gas explosion in a coal mine left at least 51 workers trapped. 40 bodies were later found and 10 remained missing.
    (AP, 5/19/05)(AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 19, Colombian rebels ambushed a police convoy and fought government forces along the border with Ecuador in separate attacks, killing at least 13 police.
    (AP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, In Egypt authorities detained 14 members of the opposition Muslim Brotherhood in the south in a crackdown on the large Islamist movement. The number of detained rose to more than 780.
    (Reuters, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, Indonesia lifted 2 years of emergency rule in Aceh.
    (WSJ, 5/19/05, p.A1)
2005        May 19, Iraq's prime minister called on Syria to block the infiltration of foreign fighters trying to start a civil war. 25 Iraqis, including an Oil Ministry engineer, and 4 US soldiers were reported killed in the ongoing daily bloodshed. Oil Ministry employee Ali Hamid Alwan al-Dulaimy (31) walked out of his house toward his car when three men firing pistols from a minivan killed him.
    (AP, 5/19/05)(WSJ, 5/20/05, p.A1)
2005        May 19, South Korea scientists announced the creation of 11 different stem cell lines matching the DNA of human patients with a variety of diseases. The work was later discredited.
    (SSFC, 5/29/05, p.A17)(AP, 12/23/05)
2005        May 19, The leaders of Togo's bitterly divided ruling and opposition parties, meeting in Nigeria, failed to agree on a power-sharing deal to end a bloody post-election crisis.
    (AFP, 5/20/05)
2005        May 19, Uzbekistan troops retook an eastern Uzbek town from rebels who said they would build an Islamic state, arresting the group's leaders. Uzbekistan said it opposes an int’l. investigation into Andijan.
    (AP, 5/19/05)(WSJ, 9/2/05, p.A13)

2006        May 19, Sony Corp.’s film “The Da Vinci Code," opened. It was directed by Ron Howard and based on Dan Brown’s best-selling 2003 novel. The weekend global debut produced $224 million, Hollywood’s 2nd highest behind “Star Wars: Episode III," which took in $253 million.
    (WSJ, 5/22/06, p.B4)
2006        May 19, The UN panel that monitors compliance with the world's anti-torture treaty said the United States should close its prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and avoid using secret detention facilities in the war on terror. The report by the Committee Against Torture came as the US military disclosed that prisoners wielding improvised weapons had clashed with guards trying to save a detainee who was pretending to commit suicide.
    (AP, 5/19/06)(AP, 5/19/07)
2006        May 19, In Detroit 12 people died over the last 2 days from an overdose of a drug called fentanyl that was considered 80 times more powerful than morphine. Some fentanyl was being mixed with heroine. Officials reported over 100 confirmed overdose cases from the drug since last fall.
    (SSFC, 5/27/06, p.A21)
2006        May 19, The NRA opened its annual convention in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Wayne LaPierre, executive VP, signed copies of his new book: “the Global War on Your Guns: Inside the UN Plan to destroy the Bill of Rights."
    (Econ, 5/27/06, p.28)
2006        May 19, Freddie Garrity (69), lead singer of the 1960s British pop band Freddie and the Dreamers, died in Wales.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2006        May 19, Gunbattles in Helmand province killed at least 6 militants and one Afghan soldier. A US soldier was killed in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 5/20/06)
2006        May 19, Roadside bombs and other attacks killed 10 Iraqis and wounded 26 people, including a US soldier riding through Baghdad in a minesweeper.
    (AP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 19, In Morocco the prime ministers of Morocco and Pakistan expressed hopes for closer bilateral ties, especially economically, after inking several agreements during a visit by Pakistan's Shaukat Aziz.
    (AP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 19, Nepal's new government declared a public holiday after parliament passed a proclamation stripping King Gyanendra of his powers and thousands of people staged a celebration rally.
    (AFP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 19, Nigeria sold to a state-owned Chinese group licenses to explore four oil blocks, underlining Beijing's increasing drive for energy resources. In exchange for the drilling rights, China agreed to invest two billion dollars in northern Nigeria's Kaduna refinery. The Movement for the Emancipation of Niger Delta (MEND), rejected the claim and described the allocation as a "bribe".
    (AFP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 19, A gun battle erupted between the new Hamas security force and rival Fatah forces in Gaza City, police officials said. Two police officers were wounded.
    (AP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 19, Officials said Russia stands to lose tens of millions of dollars in international AIDS funding because the World Bank has reclassified it as an upper middle-income country.
    (AP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 19, In South Africa Noziphu Bhengu (32), a victim of AIDS and quackery, died.
    (Econ, 6/10/06, p.89)
2006        May 19, In Sudan's Darfur region dozens were killed in a major attack by government-backed militias on Shearia town, the latest in a wave of raids since a peace deal was signed earlier this month.
    (AP, 5/20/06)
2006        May 19, In southern Turkey a truck carrying illegal immigrants from Afghanistan and Bangladesh crashed into a parked transport truck, killing at least 40 people.
    (AP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 19, Ukraine cultural figures and celebrities criticized efforts to grant the Russian language special status, calling it an act of war against the Ukrainian language. Council officials said their decision is based on a European charter, which was ratified by the Ukrainian parliament in 2003, that protects regional and minority languages.
    (AP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 19, The Vatican said it had asked Rev. Marcial Maciel, the Mexican founder of the conservative order Legionaries of Christ (1941), to renounce celebrating public Masses and live a life of "prayer and repentance" following its investigation into allegations he sexually abused seminarians.
    (AP, 5/19/06)
2006        May 19, In Vietnam 5 people convicted of heroin dealing were executed by firing squad. About 100 people were executed in Vietnam each year for drug-related offenses.
    (AP, 5/20/06)
2006        May 19, An official said at least 150 Vietnamese fishermen were missing at sea and another 28 were found dead after getting caught in Typhoon Chanchu.
    (AP, 5/19/06)

2007        May 19, Curlin nipped Kentucky Derby winner Street Sense to win the Preakness Stakes.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2007        May 19, In San Francisco Scott Chris Thomas attacked Loren Schaller (15) with a knife at a Twin Peaks bakery. In 2010 a jury convicted Schaller (29) of attempted murder and mayhem. He still phased the issue of whether or not he was sane during the attack.
    (SFC, 3/3/10, p.C2)
2007        May 19, In northern Afghanistan a suicide attacker detonated himself next to German soldiers shopping in a crowded market in Kunduz, killing 3 German soldiers and 6 Afghan civilians with 16 people wounded. A district police chief and a bodyguard were killed in a bomb blast in the eastern province of Nangarhar.
    (AFP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 19, Algerian official news reported that security forces had dismantled a suspected support network linked to twin terror bombings last month in the capital that killed 30 people.
    (AP, 5/20/07)
2007        May 19, Two local health workers were kidnapped for ransom in the Central African Republic (CAR), prompting UN concerns that worsening security was hampering aid work there.
    (AFP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 19, China’s state media said an outbreak of a viral disease common in children has sickened almost 900 people in eastern China but the outbreak has been contained. The outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease began in late April in the city of Linyi in Shandong province. In southern China thousands of farmers rioted at a government office in Shabi township, Guangxi region, after authorities imposed heavy fines on families that had more children than allowed under the country's family planning policy.
    (AP, 5/19/07)(AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 19, The ruler of Dubai launched a $10 billion foundation to provide scholarships and promote research in the Middle East, saying the region has neglected education despite its oil wealth.
    (AP, 5/20/07)
2007        May 19, Police arrested 14 members of the banned Muslim Brotherhood as part of Egypt's ongoing campaign against the country's strongest opposition group.
    (AP, 5/20/07)
2007        May 19, In Germany G8 finance ministers from the world's richest nations sought ways to improve financial management in Africa and were asked to scold China for lending too freely to African countries.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 19, Gunmen wearing Iraqi army uniforms entered a village east of Baghdad, rousted families from their homes and opened fire on the men, killing 15 men and one woman. Shiite militiamen from the Mahdi Army traded gunfire with Iraqi soldiers in southwestern Baghdad's Baiyaa district, killing one of the soldiers. In Tikrit police received the bodies of seven men killed in clashes the night before in Samarra. Outgoing British PM Tony Blair arrived in Baghdad on a farewell visit, and three mortar shells or rockets slammed into the Green Zone where he met with Iraq's leaders. One US soldier died from a roadside bomb south of Baghdad. Six American soldiers and their translator died in a bombing in western Baghdad. Another US soldier was killed and two were wounded when a blast struck their vehicle near Diwaniyah. At least one US soldier was killed and four wounded as insurgents attacked the searchers for 3 missing comrades with guns, mortars and bombs.
    (AP, 5/19/07)(AFP, 5/19/07)(AP, 5/20/07)
2007        May 19, Japan's state and navy police raided a Japanese naval academy over an alleged leak of sensitive warship technology data shared between Japan and the US.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 19, Assailants shot dead a police commander in a wealthy Monterrey suburb, the latest in a wave of killings of law enforcement officials across Mexico.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 19, In southern Nigeria gunmen dynamited the front gate of a residential compound and kidnapped three Indians in an attack that left one Nigerian dead.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 19, In Islamabad hardline clerics holding four Pakistani police at a mosque won the release of four extremists after a tense day-long stand-off between armed police and baton-wielding students.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 19, In Gaza negotiators from the rival Hamas and Fatah movements reached a new cease-fire deal.
    (AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 19, Romanians voted on whether to impeach President Traian Basescu, who has been accused of violating the constitution but remains popular among the public. Basescu, suspended on grounds he abused power, easily survived a referendum on his impeachment, with partial results indicating about three-fourths of the votes supporting the leader.
    (AP, 5/19/07)(AP, 5/20/07)
2007        May 19, German Gref, Russia’s Economy Minister, told reporters that Russia will not allow indebted state companies to default. It was reported that more than a half-dozen journalists with the Russian News Service, have resigned to protest the new pro-Kremlin management's policy that at least 50 percent of coverage must be positive.
    (Reuters, 5/19/07)(AP, 5/19/07)
2007        May 19, Miroslav Deronjic (52), Bosnian Serb war criminal, died in a hospital in Sweden. Deronjic, the top authority in the eastern Bosnian city of Bratunac during the 1992-1995 Bosnian War, was convicted of ordering a 1992 attack on a Bosnian village in which 65 civilians were killed. He had been serving a 10-year sentence for war crimes.
    (AP, 5/20/07)
2007        May 19, Tens of thousands of Venezuelans marched to support a TV station aligned with opponents of President Hugo Chavez, whose government plans to kick the channel off the air next week by not renewing its license.
    (AP, 5/19/07)

2008        May 19, The US Justice Department said international investigators have busted a vast Internet fraud network and charged 38 suspects, most of them Romanians living in the US.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Federal regulators said eight former AOL Time Warner Inc. executives fraudulently inflated the company's online advertising revenues by more than $1 billion between 2000 and 2002.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Al Gore received a $1 million prize on Monday for his environmental work from an Israeli fund. The Dan David Foundation awarded the former vice president its annual "present" prize for alerting the world to the crisis from the overuse of fossil fuels.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Google made available a free service allowing customers to manage their medical records online at www.google.com/health.
    (SFC, 5/20/08, p.D1)
2008        May 19, Huntington Hartford (b.1911), the deep-pocketed A&P grocery heir who burned through most of a $100 million fortune in a series of fruitless business and cultural endeavors before his life unraveled, died at his home in Lyford Cay, Nassau, in the Bahamas.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew himself up near Afghan troops in a bazaar near the Pakistani border, wounding four soldiers and a civilian translator. 8 Taliban were killed in a military raid elsewhere. The decapitated body of a policeman was found in the southwestern province of Farah, a day after he had been captured by Taliban fighters. In eastern Afghanistan militants fired mortars at an aid agency's water tanker, killed the driver and stole his tanker. In southwestern Nimroz province, a mine blew up a truck transporting sheep and killed five men and several of the animals. In Wardak, near Kabul, a mine apparently intended for police exploded under a civilian car and killed two people. Two soldiers with NATO's International Security Assistance Force were killed in separate insurgency-related incidents in southern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)(AFP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 19, Argentine farmers announced plans to suspend a 13-day strike and resume grain sales, paving the way for talks with the government to end contentious export restrictions.
    (AP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 19, In Australia the Tasmania state government said the Tasmanian devil will be listed as an endangered species this week as a result of a deadly and disfiguring cancer outbreak. Animal rights activists said Australian authorities have started the controversial killing of about 400 kangaroos on the outskirts of Australia's capital of Canberra.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)(AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, British lawmakers voted to approve controversial plans to allow the use of animal-human embryos for research.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, China stood still to begin 3 days of mourning over tens of thousands of earthquake victims, and the government appealed for more international aid to cope with the country's deadliest disaster in a generation. The confirmed death toll from the May 12 quake rose to 34,073.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(Econ, 5/24/08, p.57)
2008        May 19, In southern India police said locally brewed liquor apparently tainted with lethal chemicals killed at least 59 people over the weekend. By May 21 the death toll rose to 156.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 19, The Iraqi Interior Ministry reported the arrest of Abdul-Khaliq al-Sabawi, a top al-Qaida in Iraq figure in the northern city of Mosul, where security forces have been carrying out an intensified crackdown to root out the terror network. Lt. Col. Farhan Qassim, the police chief of the southern town of Suq al-Shiyoukh, was killed by a bomb that exploded in his office. Suspected Sunni insurgents near the Syrian border ambushed a minibus carrying Iraqi recruits killing all 11 passengers.
    (AP, 5/19/08)(SFC, 5/20/08, p.A8)
2008        May 19, In Ireland UN chief Ban Ki-Moon called for a "visionary" global deal to ban cluster bombs, as delegates from over 100 countries opened a conference aimed at outlawing the lethal weapons.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Japan’s tourism ministry named Hello Kitty as its choice to represent the country in China and Hong Kong, two places where she is wildly popular among kids and young women.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Nissan Motor Co. and NEC corp. announced plans to begin mass-producing lithium-ion batteries for electric cars. Nissan and Renault planned to have an all-electric car in the US and Japan by 2010.
    (WSJ, 5/20/08, p.B1)
2008        May 19, In Mexico the military took over the town of Zirandaro near Texas after all 20 of its police officers were either killed, run out of town or quit.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 19, Myanmar declared three days of mourning for cyclone victims after agreeing to an international aid effort led by its Southeast Asian neighbors to help two million survivors in dire need.
    (AFP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, In western Nepal 36 people were killed when an overcrowded bus careened off a mountain highway into a river. Another 10 were presumed dead.
    (AFP, 5/20/08)
2008        May 19, In the Philippines a man strafed several houses during a shooting spree in a town south of Manila, killing eight people and wounding six others. Five of the dead were children aged 4-12 years who were sleeping inside their homes in Calamba town. The lone suspect escaped.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Matrook al-Faleh was arrested at King Saud University in the Saudi capital Riyadh, where he teaches political science. A rights group said it came after al-Faleh publicly criticized conditions in a prison where two other human rights activists are serving jail terms. Faleh was released in January, 2009.
    (AP, 5/25/08)(AP, 1/11/09)
2008        May 19, In South Africa police fired rubber bullets and made arrests to try to quell outbursts of anti-foreigner violence in and around Johannesburg, as the death toll reached 22.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Suspected members of a Basque separatist group allegedly exploded a car bomb in a northern Basque town, causing considerable damage but no injuries.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, In Turkey a law extending a smoking ban to most enclosed areas — including taxis, ferries and shopping malls — came into effect in the nicotine-addicted nation.
    (AP, 5/19/08)
2008        May 19, Zimbabwe's opposition party accused the country's military of plotting to assassinate the group's presidential candidate using snipers.
    (AP, 5/19/08)

2009        May 19, "Glee," Fox's new musical comedy, premiered.
    (http://articles.latimes.com/2009/may/19/entertainment/et-glee19)
2009        May 19, US astronauts completed a 5-day repair of the 19-year-old Hubble Space Telescope. The improved Hubble will take its first pictures by the end of the month.
    (SFC, 5/20/09, p.A6)
2009        May 19, California voters defeated 5 of 6 propositions aimed to reduce the state’s $21.3 billion budget deficit. Voters approved Prop. 1F, which barred elected officials from receiving pay raises when the state’s reserve fund has a deficit larger than 1% of the general fund.
    (SFC, 5/20/09, p.A1)
2009        May 19, In Ventura, Ca., an intruder dressed in black and wearing a motorcycle helmet barged into a beach home and stabbed to death a pregnant Davina Husted (42) and father, Brock Husted (42) as their two children were in other rooms.
    (AP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 19, Scientists in New York unveiled the skeleton of what they said could be the common ancestor to humans, apes and other primates. The tiny creature, officially known as Darwinius masillae, but dubbed Ida, lived 47 million years ago and is unusually well preserved. The monkey-like creature, discovered in 1983, was preserved through the ages in Germany's Messel Pit, a crater rich in Eocene Epoch fossils. New analysis soon followed saying Darwinius does not belong in the same primate category as monkeys, apes and humans. Instead, the analysis concluded, it falls into the other major grouping, which includes lemurs.
    (AFP, 5/19/09)(AP, 10/21/09)
2009        May 19, In Oklahoma City pharmacist Jerome Ersland (57), confronted by two holdup men, pulled a gun, shot one of them in the head and chased the other away. Then, in a scene recorded by the drugstore's security camera, he went behind the counter, got another gun, and pumped five more bullets into the wounded teenager. Ersland was soon charged with first-degree murder. District Attorney David Prater later said Ersland was justified in shooting Antwun Parker (16) once in the head, but not in firing the additional shots into his belly.
    (AP, 5/30/09)
2009        May 19, In Afghanistan an airstrike by NATO-led forces killed eight Afghan civilians following a battle with militants in southern Helmand province, where Afghan troops also killed 25 militants. This was the beginning of a 4-day operation.
    (AP, 5/20/09)(AP, 5/23/09)
2009        May 19, Michael Martin, the Speaker of Britain's lower house, said he would step down in June after criticism of his handling of a scandal over lawmakers' expenses that has badly tarnished the reputation of the "Mother of Parliaments." The last Speaker to be forced from the post was John Trevor, who lost the confidence of the house in 1695 for taking a bribe.
    (Reuters, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, In London, England, a protest outside parliament turned violent early as relief agencies and governments called for urgent humanitarian aid after Sri Lanka announced defeat for Tamil Tiger rebels.
    (AFP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, China and Brazil signed a raft of agreements in Beijing including a $10 billion loan for the South American country's state energy company and a deal to send oil to China amid stronger ties between the two developing world giants.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, China’s government Web site said Liu Youjun (46), a senior official in southern Guangdong province, has been detained in an apparent corruption sweep that has already targeted other major figures in the wealthy region on the cutting-edge of China's economic reforms.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, Colombian lawmakers approved a proposal for voters to decide in a referendum whether to change the constitution and let President Alvaro Uribe seek a third term.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, In India newly elected Congress lawmakers formally chose PM Manmohan Singh as their leader for a second term, clearing the way for the swearing in of his new government this week.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, Environmental groups in Indonesia said Singapore-based Asia Pulp & Paper,  one of the world's largest paper companies, plans to clear a large swath of unprotected forest in Indonesia being used as a sanctuary for critically endangered orangutans.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, Italian police arrested Franco Letizia (31), one of the country's "most-dangerous" fugitives, in raids that netted at least 70 suspected members of the Naples-based Camorra crime syndicate. The search for dozens more was still under way.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, Malawi held elections. Voters chose between re-electing Malawi's President Bingu wa Mutharika (75) or replacing him with challenger John Tembo (77) backed by his predecessor. The race between Mutharika and Tembo was too close to predict going into the polls. Mutharika, a former World Bank official credited with bringing economic gains to the southern African nation of 12 million, won the national election with about 66% of the vote.
    (AP, 5/19/09)(AP, 5/22/09)
2009        May 19, Inmates at a Mexico City prison rioted over restrictions on visits due to swine flu, as the country reported two more confirmed deaths, raising the toll to 74 nationwide.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, Russia announced it has created a commission to fight what President Dmitry Medvedev says are efforts to hurt his country by falsifying history, part of a campaign to promote the Kremlin's views and silence those who question them.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, Russia and the US held talks in Moscow aimed at cutting stockpiles of nuclear weapons, a move that could herald a thaw in relations between the former Cold War foes.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, A Spanish court sentenced three senior army officers to prison for knowingly misidentifying the bodies of 30 peacekeepers killed in a plane crash on May 26, 2003, in northwestern Turkey. 32 of the Spaniards were identified correctly but relatives of the other 30 got the wrong bodies.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, In Somalia witnesses said that Ethiopian troops have crossed the border and appear to be stationing themselves at a strategic crossroads. Ethiopia denied the reports. Witnesses said they saw Ethiopian troops in the Somali town of Kalabeyr, 14 miles (22 km) from the Ethiopian border and 11 miles (18 km) north of Belet Weyne, the provincial capital of the Hiran region.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon formally named Bill Clinton as its special envoy to Haiti.
    (AP, 5/19/09)
2009        May 19, The UN Security Council said that it had asked the Congolese government to investigate and arrest five high-ranking army officers known to have committed atrocities.
    (AP, 5/19/09)

2010        May 19, Khalid Ouazzani (32) of Kansas City, Mo., admitted that he sent $23,500 to Al-Qaeda between 2007-2008. The Morocco-born auto parts dealer became a US citizen in 2006.
    (SFC, 5/20/10, p.A6)
2010        May 19, In Afghanistan insurgents launched a brazen pre-dawn assault against the giant US-run Bagram Air Field, killing an American contractor and wounding nine troops in the second Taliban strike at NATO forces in and around the capital in as many days. 10 guerrillas were killed including 4 with suicide vests.
    (AP, 5/19/10)(SFC, 5/20/10, p.A3)
2010        May 19, The Bahrain-based USS McFaul discovered the Panamanian-flagged M/V Iceberg I with as many as 50 pirates and more than 20 crew members on board. It says the location of the hijacked ship was previously unknown. The McFaul followed the ship for more than a day and a half before the pirates turned back toward the Somali coast.
    (AP, 5/24/10)
2010        May 19, Nick Clegg, Britain's new deputy leader, says he'll scrap an unpopular national identity card program, limit the retention of DNA samples and tightly regulate the use of closed circuit TV cameras in a sweeping civil liberties drive.
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 19, The Burundian government said in a statement that it had given Neela Ghoshal, a Human Rights Watch researcher, until June 5 to leave the country. Burundi is due to hold its first round of elections after nearly 16 years of civil war May 23. Presidential polls are scheduled for June 28.
    (AP, 5/21/10)
2010        May 19, Chadian authorities at Ndjamena airport refused entry to Khalil Ibrahim and a number of other JEM members who had arrived from the Libyan capital Tripoli. Chadian authorities confiscated their passports and refused to let them into Chadian territory and ordered them to go back to Libya. Khalil and his delegation had planned to head to Darfur through Chad.
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 19, In China at least five men armed with knives burst into the dormitory of a vocational college in Haikou, the capital of the southern island province of Hainan, and slashed nine students, one of them seriously.
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 19, The French government decided to impose a $185 fine on women who wear a full-face Islamic veil in public. The legislation was forwarded to Parliament.
    (SFC, 5/20/10, p.A2)
2010        May 19, India's auction of 3G bandwidth for mobile telephone services ended, with final bids earning the government close to 15 billion dollars -- double its own estimate.
    (AFP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 19, Iran dismissed as "illegitimate" a draft UN Security Council resolution seeking to impose harsher sanctions against Tehran for its refusal to halt uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 19, Kenya signed a new treaty for the equitable sharing of waters of the Nile after four other upstream countries inked the deal last week.
    (AFP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 19, In southern Kyrgyzstan ethnic violence broke out in Jalalabad. Ethnic Kyrgyz supporters of ousted Pres. Bakiyev clashed with the Uzbek minority, supporters of the interim government.
    (AP, 5/20/10)(SFC, 5/20/10, p.A2)
2010        May 19, Mexican police found the mummified bodies of two women and three men stuffed in plastic bags in a pickup truck left near a highway in the northern Mexico state of Chihuahua. University authorities in Ciudad Juarez also reported that a freshman had been found dead, wrapped in a blanket at a local fairground. Authorities said about 88 tons (80 metric tons) of a precursor chemical used to make methamphetamines had been seized at the Pacific Coast seaport of Manzanillo.
    (AP, 5/20/10)
2010        May 19, NATO and Russia said they will boost efforts to develop a joint system to protect their troops from attack by short-range missiles.
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 19, Royal Dutch Shell PLC announced it will spend more than $2 billion to sharply reduce the burning off of natural gas at its oil wells in Nigeria, gases that when burned contribute to global warming and sicken people living nearby.
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 19, Pakistan's government ordered Internet service providers to block Facebook amid anger over a page that encourages users to post images of Islam's Prophet Muhammad.
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 19, Tens of thousands of Romanians rallied in Bucharest to protest planned wage cuts as a budget crises impacted the ailing economy.
    (SFC, 5/20/10, p.A2)
2010        May 19, John Shepherd-Barron (84), the Scotsman credited with inventing the world's first automatic cash machine, died after a short illness. The first automatic teller machine, now known as ATMs, was installed at a branch of Barclays Plc in a north London suburb on June 27, 1967.
    (AP, 5/19/10)
2010        May 19, Downtown Bangkok, Thailand, became a battleground as an army assault forced anti-government protest leaders to surrender, enraging followers who shot grenades and set fire to landmark buildings, cloaking the skyline in black smoke. The Central World mall was in charred ruins. Italian freelance photographer Fabio Polenghi (48) was killed by gunfire in clashes between the military and demonstrators. A 2013 inquest said Polenghi was shot by a high-velocity bullet like those issued to soldiers.
    (AP, 5/19/10)(Econ, 5/29/10, p.46)(AP, 2/28/11)(AP, 5/29/13)
2010        May 19, Zimbabwe's Chamber of Mines proposed a compromise in the government's drive to force foreign firms to give 51 percent stakes to locals, saying 15 percent local shareholding for mines was enough.
    (AP, 5/19/10)

2011        May 19, President Barack Obama laid out a new US strategy toward a skeptical Arab world, offering fresh aid to promote democratic change as he seeks to shape the outcome of popular uprisings threatening both friends and foes.
    (Reuters, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, A US federal judge awarded $300 million in punitive damages in each of two suicide bombings blamed on Iran and Iranian-backed Islamic groups. One ruling came on behalf of the family of Alan Beer, a US citizen who was killed in Jerusalem in 2003 in the bombing of a bus by the Iran-backed organization Hamas. The other was made to American citizen Seth Haim, his father and his brother. They were injured in the 1995 bombing of a bus in the Gaza Strip by the Iranian-supported Shaqaqi Faction of the Palestine Islamic Jihad.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee signed legislation banning the unsolicited distribution of Yellow Pages in the city.
    (SFC, 5/26/11, p.C1)
2011        May 19, A US judge in NYC agreed to allow IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn (62) to be freed on $1 million bail, but remain under house arrest.
    (SFC, 5/20/11, p.A7)
2011        May 19, Doctors in Oregon announced that electrodes implanted on the spinal cord of Rob Summers (25) had reactivated nerve circuits and allowed him to consciously move body parts that had been paralyzed following a 2006 hit and run accident.
    (SFC, 5/20/11, p.A8)
2011        May 19, The Mississippi River crested at over 14 feet above flood stage in Vicksburg, Mississippi. The flooding left one man dead.
    (SFC, 5/20/11, p.A6)
2011        May 19, The LinkedIn IPO was priced at $45 per share and closed at $94.25 after reaching a high of $122.70. It was the first major US social networking company to sell stock on a public market.
    (SFC, 5/20/11, p.A1)
2011        May 19, A Bahraini security court announced the sentencing of a prominent Shiite cleric and eight others to 20 years in prison for the alleged kidnapping of a police officer.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Amnesty International said Egyptian authorities continue to restrict freedom of assembly, torture detainees and try civilians in military courts, highlighting the urgent need for reform.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Guyana police detained Akbar Muhammad, a visiting US Muslim cleric and longtime aide to Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan, on suspicion of ties to drugs and terrorism. Muhammad was released by Guyanese authorities the next day and demanded an official apology from the government.
    (AP, 5/20/11)(AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 19, India's most powerful politician, Sonia Gandhi, promised to push forward with legislation to reform land acquisition rules after deadly clashes near the national capital.
    (AFP, 5/19/11) 
2011        May 19, In Iraq twin bombs that lured policemen out of their fortified headquarters in Kirkuk killed 27 people, most of them police officers. A third bomb, planted on a road, set cars and trucks ablaze when it exploded about 550 yards (500 m) away, targeting a police patrol near a mosque wounding eight people.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Garret FitzGerald (b.1926)), Ireland's most popular elder statesman, died. He twice served as prime minister (1981-1982, 1982-1987) and played a crucial role in paving the way for peace in Northern Ireland.
    (Reuters, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Takeda Pharmaceutical Co. said it will buy Switzerland's Nycomed for $13.6 billion, giving Japan's biggest drugmaker coveted access to emerging markets.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, In Libya Gadhafi forces shelled the main rebel stronghold in the strategic Nafusa mountains southwest of the Libyan capital, pounding the area with rockets.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, In northeastern Nigeria a bomb went off wounding five soldiers and policemen just hours after a gang of suspected Islamists raided a police station.
    (AFP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, In Puerto Rico a jury convicted five people of fraudulently obtaining medical licenses to work as doctors in the US territory.
    (AP, 5/20/11)
2011        May 19, In South Africa more than 700 people were injured, 70 of them seriously, when two commuter trains collided in the Soweto township outside Johannesburg.
    (Reuters, 5/20/11)
2011        May 19, A South Korean court boosted the amount the government must pay a group of North Korean defectors who say a leak of their identities led to retaliation against their families in the North.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Thousands of Spaniards defied a ban on a pre-election demonstration and mounted a protest camp in the heart of Madrid to express anger at political parties and the country's handling of the economic crisis. Spain is battling to emerge from nearly two years of recession that has left it with a swollen deficit and a staggering 21.3% unemployment rate.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, In Sudan a UN convoy transporting 200 northern army troops was attacked as they were pulling out of the contested region of Abyei along the north-south border. Sudan's army spokesman said northern troops were ambushed by the southern army and suffered "huge losses." A spokesman for the south's Sudan Peoples' Liberation Army (SPLA) said the northern forces provoked the fighting in at attempt to seize the disputed area. 70 northern troops were killed and more than 120 others were missing.
    (AP, 5/20/11)(AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 19, The Syrian army shelled the border town of Talkalakh overnight and early today, sparking gunbattles that killed at least 8 people. The government condemned US sanctions targeting President Bashar Assad.
    (AP, 5/19/11)
2011        May 19, Ugandan police placed the country's top opposition leader under house arrest to prevent what authorities said could be a destructive protest march.
    (AP, 5/19/11)

2012        May 19, G8 leaders meeting in Maryland made progress on addressing the two biggest threats to their economies, the euro zone crisis and very high oil prices. G8 leaders sent a strong message to Iran that tough energy sanctions would be firmly applied, vowing to ensure oil markets are well supplied to prevent crude prices soaring. G8 leaders pledged to lift millions of Africans out of poverty by promoting investments in sustainable agriculture.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, G8 leaders meeting in Maryland backed keeping Greece in the euro zone and vowed to take all steps necessary to combat financial turmoil while revitalizing a global economy increasingly threatened by Europe's debt crisis.
    (Reuters, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, The NAACP passed a resolution endorsing same-sex marriage as a civil right and opposing any efforts "to codify discrimination or hatred into the law."
    (AP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In southeast Afghanistan a suicide bomber in Khost province struck at a lunch gathering of Afghan police and local civilians killing at least 13 people, 3 of them policemen.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In northern Afghanistan flood waters ravaged a provincial capital, killing at least 19 people and destroying hundreds of homes. About 60 other people were missing.
    (AFP, 5/20/12)
2012        May 19, Blind activist Chen Guangcheng and his family left China on a plane bound for the United States to pursue studies at an American university.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In CongoDRC fighting broke out when mutineers attacked army positions in the Rutshuru territory near Virunga National Park on the Ugandan border, home to more than half the world's 700 or so mountain gorillas.
    (AFP, 5/20/12)
2012        May 19, In East Timor former guerrilla leader and ex-army chief Taur Matan Ruak was sworn in as the new president as the young democracy, devastated by decades of conflict, celebrated 10 years of independence.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development approved investment of 1.0 billion euros for expansion into north Africa and the Middle East under its first British president, Suma Chakrabarti, who a day earlier replaced Thomas Mirow from Germany. The EBRD is planning to invest specifically in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In Germany some 20,000 held a rally of the local Occupy movement in Frankfurt to decry austerity measures, the dominance of banks and “untamed capitalism."
    (SSFC, 5/20/12, p.A4)
2012        May 19, Officials said Guinea-Bissau's junta, parliament and a group of political parties have signed a roadmap aimed at ending the crisis created by the April 12 coup.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In Northern Ireland 7 Irish nationalists were charged over the last two days of involvement in militant activity, three under a rarely used law against "directing terrorism."
    (Reuters, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, Israeli soldiers stood by as settlers shot at Palestinians during stone-throwing clashes between hardline Yitzhar settlers and Palestinian villagers from Asira al-Qibliya near Nablus. Video showed live fire hitting one stone-thrower in the head.
    (AFP, 5/21/12)
2012        May 19, In southern Italy a bomb exploded outside a vocational school in Brindisi, named after a slain anti-Mafia prosecutor, as students arrived for class, killing one girl (16) and wounding several other classmates. On June 6 police arrested Giovanni Vantaggioto (68), a fuel vendor on suspicion of multiple homicide.
    (AP, 5/19/12)(SFC, 6/8/12, p.A5)
2012        May 19, Lesotho held early voting, one week before the mostly hotly contested general elections since the 1998 polls that degenerated into looting and sparked a South African intervention. A full election was set for May 26.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, Madagascar police made several arrests after using tear gas to break up an unauthorized protest of several thousand people who turned out to support opposition radio Free FM.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In Malaysia a Canadian Muslim gay activist launched her controversial new book on liberal Islam despite a government minister's attempts to shut down the event. Irshad Manji launched "Allah, Liberty and Love" at a hastily arranged event in Kuala Lumpur after two other venues pulled out of hosting her. Her previous internationally acclaimed book, "The Trouble with Islam Today," was already banned in Malaysia.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In Mali coup leaders said they respect a decision by the West African bloc ECOWAS that interim president Dioncounda Traore must head the transition until general elections.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In Nepal 4 climbers from Germany, South Korea, China and Canada died while returning from the summit of Mount Everest.
    (AFP, 5/21/12)(AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 19, In Pakistan Imtiaz Ahmad, chief warden of the Quetta district prison, was targeted when two people riding a motorcycle sprayed him with bullets near his office. The al-Qaeda-linked militant group Lashkar-e-Jhangvi later claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 5/20/12)(AFP, 5/27/12)
2012        May 19, In Somalia at least 7 people, mostly Somali soldiers, were killed in bomb explosions in Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In eastern Syria a suicide vehicle bomb tore through the parking lot of a military compound in Deir al-Zour, killing nine people. A day earlier the state-run news agency SANA reported that authorities had foiled an attempt to blow up a car rigged with explosives in the city and detained those involved.
    (AP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In Taiwan tens of thousands rallied in Taipei to voice their anger at Pres. Ma Ying-jeou over a spate of controversial policies, on the eve of his inauguration for a 2nd term.
    (AFP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In Thailand Buddhist monks led prayers as tens of thousands gathered in Bangkok to mark the 2nd anniversary of deadly clashes between soldiers and "Red Shirt" protesters.
    (AP, 5/19/12)
2012        May 19, In northeastern Turkey a 22-meter (72-foot) high copper statue of Ataturk, the country's biggest of the iconic figure, was inaugurated in Artvin. It was a tribute to the near-mystical hold that Ataturk exerts over his fervent believers, whose admiration is rooted in his success in imposing secular values on a largely Muslim nation.
    (AP, 6/10/12)
2012        May 19, The Vatican denounced as criminal a new book, “His Holiness," by journalist Gianluigi Nuzzi, which reproduced letters and memos to and from Pope Benedict XVI and his personal secretary.
    (SSFC, 5/20/12, p.A4)
2012        May 19, Yemeni officials said fresh clashes with al-Qaida fighters in the south have left at least 34 people dead, while a suspected US drone strike killed two militants.
    (AP, 5/20/12)

2013        May 19, More than two dozen tornadoes were spotted in parts of Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas and Illinois. A half-mile wide twister struck near Oklahoma City and at least one person was killed.
    (Reuters, 5/20/13)
2013        May 19, Lottery officials said a lone ticket in Florida matched each of the numbers drawn for the highest Powerball jackpot in history at an estimated $590.5 million.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 19, Nigel Wright, the top aide to Canadian PM Stephen Harper, abruptly resigned over his role in a mounting expenses scandal which threatened to undermine the Conservative government.
    (Reuters, 5/19/13)
2013        May 19, China's new Premier Li Keqiang visited India on his first foreign trip as the neighboring giants look to speed up efforts to settle a decades-old boundary dispute and boost economic ties.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 19, Iran’s state radio said Mohammad Heidari, who was accused of providing Mossad with classified information in return of money, and Kourosh Ahmadi, who allegedly gave the CIA intelligence on Iran, have been hanged.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 19, Nigeria's military said its offensive against insurgents in the country's restive northeast has killed at least 14 suspected Islamic extremists and three soldiers.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 19, Pakistan held a repeat election in an upscale area of the southern city of Karachi that was plagued with allegations of vote-rigging.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 19, A Russian capsule carrying mice, lizards and other small animals returned to Earth after spending a month in space for what scientists said was the longest experiment of its kind. Fewer than half of the 53 mice and other rodents who blasted off on April 19 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome survived the flight.
    (AP, 5/20/13)
2013        May 19, In South Sudan a battle in Jonglei state killed 20 rebel fighters and 4 government troops as the army recaptured the town of Boma, near the border with Ethiopia, from rebels led by David Yau Yau who took over the town earlier this month.
    (AP, 5/20/13)
2013        May 19, Syrian troops backed by tanks and warplanes launched an assault on Qusair, a rebel-held town near the Lebanese border, pounding the area with airstrikes and artillery salvos. At least 50 Syrian rebels were reported killed in the battle for Qusair, including two commanders. An official at the Homs governor's office said two suicide bombings in the town of Deir Balbaa killed at least 3 people and wounded 15 others. State news said another pair of bombings struck near a factory on a different Homs highway, killing 4 people and wounding 13.
    (AP, 5/19/13)(AP, 5/20/13)
2013        May 19, In Tunisia some 11,000 police officers and soldiers blocked an annual conference by a radical Islamist movement that has been implicated in attacks across the country, prompting clashes with angry youths that resulted in one death.
    (AP, 5/19/13)
2013        May 19, Tunisian feminist Amina Tyler (19), who scandalized her country by posting topless photos of herself online, was arrested after allegedly sneaking into Tunisia's holiest city disguised in a veil, then trying to get undressed during a protest.
    (AP, 5/20/13)

2014        May 19, The US indicted five members of the Chinese military on charges they stole US secrets through hacking to help state-run companies. Attorney General Eric Holder said they hacked into six US nuclear power, metals and solar products industries: Alcoa World Alumina, Westinghouse Electric Co., Allegheny Technologies, U.S. Steel Corp., United Steelworkers Union, and SolarWorld.
    (AFP, 5/19/14)(AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, Swiss-based Credit Suisse pleaded guilty to a criminal charge of having helped its customers elude America’s tax authorities. The bank was fined $2.8 billion.
    (Econ, 5/24/14, p.65)
2014        May 19, In Alaska the human-caused Funny River wildfire began in the Kenai Peninsula. By May 26 it grew to some 248 square miles. Mandatory evacuations were underway.
    (SFC, 5/27/14, p.A7)
2014        May 19, Actor Michael Jace (51) shot and killed his wife, April Jace (40), at their home in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Los Angeles. Jace had appeared on the FX series “The Shield" as a police officer.
    (SFC, 5/21/14, p.A9)
2014        May 19, In Florida an indictment was unsealed charging North Miami Mayor Lucie Tondreau (54) and others in an $8 million mortgage fraud scheme. Tondreau was elected North Miami's first female Haitian-American mayor last June.
    (AP, 5/20/14)
2014        May 19, A Manhattan jury convicted Mustafa Kamel Mustafa (aka Abu Hamza al-Masri), a former London-based Egyptian Islamic cleric, for providing material to support terrorist organizations, for sending men to establish an al-Qaida training camp in Bly, Oregon, and sending at least one man to an al-Qaida training camp in Afghanistan. Al-Masri (56) was extradited in 2012 from England where in the 1990s he led London’s Finsbury Park Mosque.
    (SFC, 5/20/14, p.A8)(SFC, 5/21/14, p.A2)
2014        May 19, A US federal judge threw out Oregon’s same-sex marriage ban.
    (SFC, 5/20/14, p.A8)
2014        May 19, AT&T Inc. said it would buy DirecTV for $48.5 billion in cash and stock, or $95 per share. The deal faced unique regulatory scrutiny from the FCC and Department of Justice.
    (AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, Bosnia’s government said more than a quarter of the country’s four million people have been affected by the worst floods to hit the Balkans in more than a century. Torrential rains have caused rivers to burst their banks and triggered more than 2,000 landslides as the death toll in Bosnia and Serbia rose to 38. Croatia reported 2 deaths. The flooding left tons of drowned livestock.
    (AP, 5/19/14)(AP, 5/20/14)(AP, 5/20/14)
2014        May 19, Chinese media said the government of the industrial city of Tianjin will limit the number of vehicles allowed on roads during heavy smog. Last month Tianjin banned new steel and cement plants as part of a program to reverse damage done to its environment.
    (Reuters, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, Hundreds of Chinese workers left Vietnam on ships chartered by their government after deadly unrest broke out last week amid a dispute over sovereignty claims in the South China Sea.
    (AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, In Egypt gunmen in a drive-by shooting killed 3 policemen and wounded nine during late night rally by Islamist students in Cairo.
    (AP, 5/20/14)
2014        May 19, European law enforcement officials announced that police worldwide, acting on an FBI tipoff, have arrested 97 people in 16 countries suspected of developing, distributing or using malicious software called BlackShades that allows criminals to gain surreptitious control of personal computers. French detectives said they arrested more than two dozen people during their May 13 raids.
    (AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, Germany lowered the pension age for some workers from 65 to 63.
    (www.thelocal.de/20140520/coalition-agrees-to-lower-retirement-age)
2014        May 19, Greece's main opposition party Syriza declared a victory for its anti-austerity message after its candidates fared strongly in big local election races in Athens and the surrounding region.
    (Reuters, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, In Iraq election results from April 30 were released by the Independent High Electoral Commission and showed that PM al-Maliki's State of Law gained 92 seats, winning the top spot in 10 of 18 provinces. He would need to build support from a total of 165 seats to have a shot at keeping the prime minister's post.
    (AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, In northeast Kenya Somali militants killed 12 people including 3 police reservists in a border ambush for which Al-Shabab claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 5/20/14, p.A2)
2014        May 19, Kuwait’s Cabinet accepted the resignation of five lawmakers who resigned in protest after the largely pro-government parliament refused to question PM Sheik Jaber Mubarak Al Sabah over corruption allegations.
    (AP, 5/20/14)
2014        May 19, Libya’s parliament chief Nouri Abu Sahmein, an Islamist-leaning politician, ordered a powerful umbrella group of mainly Islamist militias known as "Libya's Central Shield" to mobilize to defend against forces under rogue Gen. Khalifa Hifter. The umbrella group is dominated by a militia from Libya's third largest city, Misrata. A Libyan air force base in the eastern city of Tobruk said it has decided to join forces of Gen. Khalifa Hifter.
    (AP, 5/19/14)(Reuters, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, In Myanmar community activists freed two contractors working for a Chinese company operating a copper mine in Monywa that is the subject of a long-running land dispute. The two Chinese were abducted a day earlier by a group calling itself the "Student Network of Mandalay."
    (Reuters, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, The Philippines said it has reached an agreement over the weekend with Indonesia on a sea border dispute after 20 years of negotiations, and hopes to sign the pact soon.
    (AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered troops deployed near Ukraine to return to their home bases and praised the launch of a dialogue between the Ukrainian government and its opponents even as fighting continued in the eastern parts of the country.
    (AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, Serbia braced for a river surge that threatened to inundate the country’s main power plant at Obrenovac and cause major power cuts in the crisis-stricken country.
    (AP, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, South Korean Pres. Park Geun-hye formally apologized for the April 16 ferry disaster that killed about 300 people, mostly school children, and said she would dismantle the coast guard for failing in its duties.
    (Reuters, 5/19/14)
2014        May 19, A Swiss court ordered Dmitry Rybolovlev of Monaco to pay his ex-wife, Elena Rybolovlev, 4,020,555,987.80 Swiss francs to settle their divorce after a 6-year legal fight. The Russian billionaire had made his fortune in potash mining. Forbes estimated his worth at $8.8 billion.
    (SFC, 5/20/14, p.A2)
2014        May 19, In Syria 13 people were killed after a missile smashed into a building late today in the town of Marea. Most of the dead were children. Hours later a missile fired at a building in the nearby town of Azaz killed another 10 people.
    (AP, 5/20/14)
2014        May 19, Uruguay said it will exempt marijuana production and sales from taxes in a bid to ensure prices remain low enough to undercut competition from black market pot smuggled in from Paraguay.
    (Reuters, 5/19/14)

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