Today in History - May 21

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427BC    May 21, Plato (d.347BC), Greek philosopher, was born. His work included the "Republic," and the dialogues "Critias" and "Timaeus" in which he mentioned the island empire of Atlantis. He claimed that an Egyptian priest confided information about Atlantis to Solon, the Athenian legislator, whose memoirs Plato claimed to have read. In 1998 2 books on Atlantis were published: "Atlantis Destroyed" by Rodney Castleden and "Imagining Atlantis" by Richard Ellis.
    (HN, 5/21/98)(WSJ, 6/26/98, p.W9)

685        May 21, Battle at Nechtansmere: Picts trounced the Northumbrians.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

987        May 21, Louis V, last Carolingian King of France (966-987), died. The Carolingian period of Frankish rule from the dynasty of Pepin the Short ended in France with the death of Louis V (20). [see May 22]
    (PCh, 1992, p.78)(AHD, 1971, p.205)(MC, 5/21/02)

996        May 21, Otto III (16) was crowned the Roman Emperor by his cousin Pope Gregory V.
    (HN, 5/21/98)(MC, 5/21/02)

1471        May 21, King Henry VI was killed in the tower of London, and Edward IV took the throne.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1527        May 21, Philip II (d.1598), king of Spain and Portugal (1556-98), was born. He invaded England and roasted heretics. He collected a fifth of all the wealth generated from the mines and trade in the Americas. He invested heavily into his military and lost it all with the defeat of the Armada in 1588. His debt at his death amounted to 85 million ducats, or 300 tons of gold.
    (HN, 5/21/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R8)(MC, 5/21/02)

1535        May 21, Imperial authorities in Antwerp captured and imprisoned William Tyndale for heresy over his translation of the Bible into English.
    (WSJ, 12/22/94, A-20)(www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/bios/b2tyndalew.htm)

1536        May 21, The Reformation was officially adopted in Geneva, Switzerland.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1542        May 21, Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto died while searching for gold along the Mississippi River. His men buried his body in the Mississippi River in what is now Louisiana in order that Indians would not learn of his death, and thus disprove de Soto's claims of divinity.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.16)(AP, 5/21/97)(MC, 5/21/02)

1602        May 21, Martha’s Vineyard was first sighted by Captain Bartholomew Gosnold.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1639        May 21, Tommaso Campanella (b.1568), Italian philosopher, theologian, astrologer, and poet, died. He spent 27 years imprisoned in Naples (1599-1626) for leading a conspiracy against the Spanish rule. During his detention, he wrote his most important works: The Monarchy of Spain (1600), Political Aphorisms (1601), Atheismus triumphatus (Atheism Conquered, 1605–1607), Quod reminiscetur (1606?), Metaphysica (1609–1623), Theologia (1613–1624), and his most famous work, The City of the Sun (originally written in Italian in 1602; published in Latin in Frankfurt (1623) and later in Paris (1638)).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tommaso_Campanella)

1650        May 21, James, Marquis of Montrose, Scottish general, was hanged.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1674        May 21, Gen. Jan Sobieski was chosen King of Poland. [see May 20]
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1688        May 21, Alexander Pope (d.1744), England, poet (Rape of the Lock), was born. His "Essay on Criticism" contains the line: "A little learning is a dangerous thing..."
    (NH, 9/97, p.24)(MC, 5/21/02)

1786        May 21, Carl W. Scheele (43), Swedish pharmacist, chemist, died.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1790        May 21, Paris was divided into 48 zones.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1792        May 21, Gustave-Gaspard Coriolis (d.1843), French engineer and mathematician, was born. He became first person to describe the Coriolis force.
    (SFC, 5/21/09, p.D10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaspard-Gustave_Coriolis)

1810        May 21, Charles Chevalier d'Eon de Beaumont (81), French spy, cross dresser, died.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1819        May 21, The 1st bicycles (swift walkers) in US were introduced in NYC.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1832        May 21, The first Democratic National Convention got under way in Baltimore and re-nominated Andrew Jackson.
    (Hem, 8/96, p.86)(AP, 5/21/97)

1836        May 21, Eliza Fraser was shipwrecked off the coast of Queensland, Australia and was soon captured by aborigines on Great Sandy Island (later Fraser island). A rescue party that included John Graham, an escaped convict who had lived for six years with the Aborigines, brought her back to Brisbane in August.
    (http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/fraser-eliza-anne-12929)(Econ, 5/31/14, p.77)

1840        May 21, The Treaty of Waitangi was signed by Maori chiefs of New Zealand and representatives of Queen Victoria. It granted sovereignty over all New Zealand to Queen Victoria, but only guaranteed the Maoris the land they wished to retain. The treaty remained a source of friction to the present day.
    (NG, Aug, 1974, p.197)(AP, 5/21/97)(SSFC, 11/14/04, p.F11)

1844        May 21, Henri Rousseau (d.1910), French painter (Dream), was born in Laval.
    (HN, 5/21/01)

1853        May 21, Lola Montez (1821-1861), Irish-born dancer and former lover of Franz Liszt and mistress of King Ludwig of Bavaria, arrived in San Francisco aboard a steamer from Panama.
    (SFC, 5/31/14, p.D1)

1856        May 21, Grace Hoadley Dodge, philanthropist, helped organize the YWCA, was born.
    (HN, 5/21/01)
1856        May 21, Lawrence, Kansas, was captured and sacked by pro-slavery forces.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1860        May 21, Willem Einthoven, Dutch physiologist, inventor of the electrocardiogram, was born.
    (HN, 5/21/01)(MC, 5/21/02)

1861        May 21, The Confederate Congress, meeting in Montgomery, Ala., voted to move the capital of the Confederacy from Montgomery to Richmond, Va.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
1861        May 21, Elena Molokhovets (1831-1918), Russian writer, published “A Gift to Young Housewives," which remained popular in Russia for half a century.
    (Econ, 12/20/08, p.141)(http://tinyurl.com/6u8dj4)

1863        May 21, The siege on Port Hudson, Louisiana, began.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1864        May 21, Gen. David Hunter took command of Dept. of West Virginia.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1865        May 21, C.J. Thomsen, archaeologist who named the Stone, Iron and Bronze Ages, was born in Denmark.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1867        May 21, Frances Densmore, ethnomusicologist, was born.
    (HN, 5/21/01)

1871        May 21-May 28, French government troops attacked the Commune of Paris. As many as 10,000 communards were killed. Of 36,000 people arrested some 10,000 were executed, imprisoned or deported. In 2014 John Merriman authored “Massacre: The Life and Death of the Paris Commune of 1871."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Commune)(Econ, 11/29/14, p.74)

1878        May 21, Glenn Hammond Curtiss, aviation pioneer and contemporary of the Wright brothers, was born in Hammondsport, N.Y. He also originally made bicycles and invented the hydroplane. Curtiss` entrance into flying began in 1904 when Thomas Scott Baldwin, famous lighter-than-air devotee, asked Curtiss to make him a two-cylinder, air-cooled engine to power his airship. The first plane Curtiss had anything to do with was Red Wing, which Casey Baldwin lofted from the ice at Keuka Lake on March 12, 1908.
    (HN, 5/21/98)(HNQ, 5/28/01)

1879        May 21, Battle of Iquiquw was fought.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1881        May 21, Clara Barton filed papers for the American Association of the Red Cross.
    (ON, 8/12, p.12) (AP, 5/21/97)

1891        May 21, James J. Corbett fought Peter "Black Prince" Jackson (1861-1901), in a much-heralded bout between San Francisco cross-town rivals. Since Corbett and Jackson were boxing instructors at the two most prestigious athletic clubs. They fought to a draw after 61 rounds. Jackson had won the Australian heavyweight championship in 1886 and the British Empire title in 1892.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_J._Corbett)

1892        May 21, The opera "I Pagliacci," by Ruggiero Leoncavallo, was first performed, in Milan, Italy.
    (AP, 5/21/97)

1898        May 21, Armand Hammer, millionaire industrialist, was born.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1902        May 21, Marcel Breuer, Hungarian-born architect, was born.
    (HN, 5/21/01)

1904        May 21, Fats Waller (d.1943), [Thomas Wright], jazz singer, composer (Ain't Misbehavin'), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1908        May 21, The Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) launched their 2nd airplane, called White Wing, equipped with aelerons, a mechanism proposed by Alexander Graham Bell, to steer the craft.  Pilot Glenn Curtiss flew over 1000 feet and landed safely.
    (ON, 12/11, p.10)

1909        May 21, Sister Maria Innocentia Hummel, artist, was born.
    (HN, 5/21/01)

1917        May 21, Raymond Burr, actor, was born in BC, Canada. He played Perry Mason on television.
    (HN, 5/21/99)(MC, 5/21/02)

1921        May 21, Andrei Sakharov, Russian physicist, was born. He is known as "the father of the Soviet H-bomb" and was the first recipient of the 1975 Nobel Peace Prize.
    (HN, 5/21/99)

1924        May 21, Bobby Franks (14) was murdered in a "thrill killing" committed by Nathan Leopold Jr. (19) and Richard Loeb (18), two rich college kids of the University of Chicago. The meticulously planned crime might never have been solved had Leopold's unique eyeglasses not been found near Franks' body. They were defended by Clarence Darrow, who pleaded his clients guilty in order to keep the case from a jury. Richard Loeb was a cousin of Bobby Franks. The sensational two-month trial generated an outcry in favor of execution, but Judge John Caverly sentenced the two to life imprisonment. Loeb was killed in a prison fight in 1936. Leopold, with the support of Prosecutor Crowe, was released from prison in 1958 and died of a heart attack in 1971. In 1956 Meyer Levin authored “Compulsion," an account of the case. A play dramatizing the case was written in 1995 by John Logan. In 2008 Simon Baatz authored “For the Thrill of It: Leopold, Loeb, and the Murder That Shocked Chicago."
    (AP, 5/21/97)(WSJ, 12/1/95, p.A-12)(AP, 5/21/97)(WSJ, 11/10/07, p.W8)(WSJ, 8/8/08, p.W8)

1926        May 21, Robert Creeley, poet, was born.
    (HN, 5/21/01)

1927        May 21, Charles Lindbergh (Lucky Lindy) landed in Le Bourget Field in Paris after a 33.5-hour nonstop, first solo flight from Roosevelt Field on New York’s Long Island. In 1953 Lindbergh authored his memoir “The Spirit of St. Louis."
    (F, 10/7/96, p.68)(AP, 5/21/97)(SFC, 10/20/99, p.C10)(ON, 2/08, p.1)
1927        May 21, Dedication ceremonies were held for the Carquinez Bridge over the Sacramento River between Crocket and Vallejo, Ca. It had opened for traffic on May 21. The cantilever bridge was built by American Toll Bridge Co. A 2nd was added in 1958. The bridge was scheduled for demolition in 2004.
    (www.cocohistory.com/photos-bridges.html#GTPhoto3)(SFC, 6/24/02, p.B3)(SSFC, 11/9/03, p.A25)

1932        May 21, Amelia Earhart made her first transatlantic solo flight from Newfoundland to Ireland.
    (HN, 5/21/98)(AP, 5/20/97)

1935        May 21, Jane Addams (b.1860), a founder of ACLU (Nobel 1973), died. She was known for her work as a social reformer, pacifist, and founder of Hull House in Chicago in 1889. She was the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize (1931). In 2001 Jean Bethke Elshtain authored "Jane Addams and the Dream of American Democracy" and edited "The Jane Addams Reader."
    (AHD, 1971, p.15)(HN, 9/6/98)(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A16)(MC, 5/21/02)

1937        May 21, The San Francisco Theater Union premiered the first stage version of John Steinbeck’s “Of Mice and Men."   
    (SSFC, 5/13/12, p.42)

1940        May 21, Nazis surrounded the British Army at Dunkirk.
    (HN, 5/21/98)
1940        May 21, British tank forces attacked General Erwin Rommel’s 7th Panzer Division at Arras, slowing his blitzkrieg of France.
    (HN, 5/21/99)

1941        May 21, The first U.S. ship, the SS Robin Moor, was sunk by a U-boat.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1944        May 21, In Hawaii the tank landing ship LST-353 exploded at West Loch while handling ammunition. In a short space of time, six LSTs were so damaged that they sank. Two others were severely damaged. The total casualties from the tragedy were 163 dead and 396 injured.
    (www.nps.gov/archive/usar/scrs/scrs2z.htm)
1944        May 21, Mary Bourke Robinson, first woman president of Ireland (1990-1997), was born.
    (HN, 5/21/01)

1945        May 21, Actors Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart were married.
    (SFEC, 5/18/97, Par p.6)(MC, 5/21/02)
1945        May 21, German Reichsfuhrer, SS Heinrich Himmler, was captured.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1950        May 21, French sources reported that Viet Minh guerrillas had infiltrated Cambodia and opened an arms-smuggling corridor to Thailand.
    (www.geocities.com/khmerchronology/1950.htm)

1951        May 21, The U.S. Eighth Army counterattacked to drive the Communist Chinese and North Koreans out of South Korea.
    (HN, 5/21/99)

1952        May 21, IBM introduced its 701 Electronic Data Processing System, the first commercially successful computer. It was withdrawn from marketing on October 1, 1954.
    (http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/701/701_1415bx01.html)(Econ, 3/10/12, p.97)

1955        May 21, The first transcontinental round-trip solo flight was completed.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1956        May 21, The first known airborne US hydrogen bomb was tested over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685) (EWH, 1968, p.1210)(AP, 5/21/97)

1959        May 21, The musical "Gypsy," inspired by the life of stripper Gypsy Rose Lee, opened on Broadway.
    (AP, 5/21/97)

1961        May 21, Governor Patterson declared martial law in Montgomery, Alabama.
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1964        May 21, The 1st nuclear-powered lighthouse began operations in the Chesapeake Bay.
    (MC, 5/21/02)

1966        May 21, The new $114 million Stanford Linear Accelerator Center at Stanford Univ., Ca., began smashing atoms.
    (SFC, 9/30/02, p.A5)(SFC, 9/26/07, p.B7)
1966        May 21, In Northern Ireland a group calling itself the "Ulster Volunteer Force" issued the following statement: “From this day, we declare war against the Irish Republican Army and its splinter groups. Known IRA men will be executed mercilessly and without hesitation. Less extreme measures will be taken against anyone sheltering or helping them, but if they persist in giving them aid, then more extreme methods will be adopted... we solemnly warn the authorities to make no more speeches of appeasement. We are heavily armed Protestants dedicated to this cause."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulster_Volunteer_Force)

1970        May 21, The National Guard was mobilized to quell disturbances at Ohio State University. [see May 4]
    (HN, 5/21/98)

1975        May 21, The trial against the Baader-Meinhof gang began in Stuttgart.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Army_Faction)

1978        May 21, The Unification Church of Sun Myung Moon wed 118 couples in England.
    (www.tparents.org/Library/Unification/Topics/U-Stuff/BLSS-HST.htm)

1979        May 21, Former San Francisco City Supervisor Dan White was convicted of voluntary manslaughter in the 1978 murders of Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk. The verdict set off the "White Night Riots," involving thousands of protesters outside City Hall. $400,000 worth of property damage resulted including 14 police cars.
    (SFC, 7/11/96, p.C2)(AP, 5/21/97)(SFC, 11/26/98, p.A19)

1980        May 21, The $22 million Star Wars sequel "Empire Strikes Back" premiered.
    (SFC, 5/20/05, p.F2)
1980        May 21, Ensign Jean Marie Butler became the first woman to graduate from a U.S. service academy as she accepted her degree and commission from the Coast Guard Academy in New London, Conn.
    (AP, 5/21/00)

1981        May 21, Francois Mitterrand began serving as president of France. He was the first socialist president of the Fifth Republic and the first left-wing head of government since 1957.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois_Mitterrand)

1982        May 21, During the Falklands War, British amphibious forces landed on the beach at San Carlos Bay.
    (AP, 5/21/07)

1983        May 21, Eric Hoffer (b.1902), longshoreman-philosopher, died in SF. His writings included "The True Believer" (1951), a critical view of mass movements, "The Passionate State of Mind," "The Ordeal of Change," and "The Temper of the Time."
    (SFC, 1/22/00, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Hoffer)

1985        May 21, Patti Frustaci of Riverside, Calif., who was expecting septuplets, gave birth to six live babies, three of whom died in the following weeks.
    (AP, 5/21/05)(http://tinyurl.com/ypm8k4)

1987        May 21, In the wake of the Iraqi attack on the U.S. frigate Stark that claimed 37 lives, the Senate approved a proposal requiring President Reagan to send Congress a report detailing the threat to U.S. ships in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 5/21/98)
1987        May 21, The TV series “The Days and Nights of Molly Dodd" starred Blair Brown as a divorced woman living in NYC. The show continued to 1991.
    (LSA, Spring, 2009, p.44)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0092336/releaseinfo)

1988        May 21, Risen Star won the Preakness Stakes.
    (AP, 5/21/98)
1988        May 21, The Soviet news agency Tass reported that the Communist Party leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan had been dismissed after fresh outbreaks of ethnic tensions in the two southern Soviet republics.
    (AP, 5/21/98)

1989        May 21, Thousands of native Chinese marched in Hong Kong, Paris, Tokyo and scores of other cities in a worldwide show of support for the pro-democracy demonstrators in Beijing.
    (AP, 5/21/99)

1990        May 21, Israeli soldiers shot and killed three Palestinians in violence sparked by the slayings of seven Palestinians by an Israeli civilian a day earlier.
    (AP, 5/21/00)

1991        May 21, Cuban composer Julian Orbon (b.1915) died in exile in Miami. Mr. Orbon was not recognized by Cuba's musical establishment after he left the country permanently in 1960. He contributed to the adaptation of the famous Guantanamera tune with the verses of the Cuban poet Jose Marti (1853-1895).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juli%C3%A1n_Orb%C3%B3n)
1991        May 21, Ethiopia’s Marxist president (Mengistu Haile Mariam) resigned and fled into exile as rebels continued to advance. Mengistu left behind thousands of pages of memoranda.  (AP, 5/21/01)(Econ, 9/29/07, p.50)
1991        May 21, A Tamil suicide bomber assassinated PM Rajiv Gandhi (46) at a campaign rally near Madras. Tamil leader Velupillai Prabhakaran ordered the assassination. Gandhi and 16 others were killed when the female Tamil bomber, Dhanu, presented him flowers hiding explosives packed with 10,000 metal pellets. 41 Indian and Sri Lankan suspects were charged with murder and conspiracy. 12 suspects later committed suicide when they were trapped by police. In 1999 4 of the 25 convicted had their death sentences confirmed. 3 death sentences were commuted to life in prison and 19 sentences were set aside. In 1999 3 Tamil men and a woman, convicted in 1991, were scheduled for execution.
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)(SFC, 1/9/96, p.A10)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15) (SFC, 1/29/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 5/12/99, p.A1)(SFC, 10/16/99, p.A16)(SFC, 5/30/00, p.A25)

1992        May 21, The US Coast Guard announced that high-seas interdiction of Haitian refugees was being drastically scaled back because refugee camps at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo, Cuba, were filled.
    (AP, 5/21/97)
1992        May 21, The EU adopted the Habitats Directive, more formally known as Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the Conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora.
    (Econ, 12/22/12, p.126)(http://tinyurl.com/c27o68l)

1993        May 21, President Clinton met at the White House with Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev; afterward, Clinton expressed pessimism over resolving the ethnic conflict in the Balkans and pledged not to send American soldiers into a "shooting gallery."
    (AP, 5/21/98)

1994        May 21, Israeli commandos swept into Lebanon’s eastern mountains and abducted Mustafa Dirani, a Shiite Muslim guerrilla leader of the Believer's Resistance. In 2000 Dirani sued Israel with charges of torture and sodomy. Dirani was released in Jan 2004, as part of a complex prisoner exchange between Hezbollah and Israel.
    (SFEC, 11/17/96, p.A14)(SFC, 3/14/00, p.A10)(AP, 5/21/04)
1994        May 21, South Yemen seceded from Yemen.
    (www.al-bab.com/yemen/chron/yem94b.htm)
1994        May 21, John Henry Weidner (b.1912), Dutch-US resistance fighter, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johan_Hendrik_Weidner)

1995        May 21, Les Aspin (56), former US Secretary of Defense, died at a Washington D.C. hospital after suffering a massive stroke.
    (AP, 5/21/00)
1995        May 21, Larry Lee Hillblom, co-founder and majority shareholder of DHL Corp., disappeared into the Pacific Ocean in his World War II vintage seaplane. He was conservatively valued at 500 million and willed most of his estate to a charitable trust for medical research. $240 million was set aside for medical research at UCSF. He named the Bank of Saipan as executor but left behind a number of illegitimate children in the Philippines and the Mariana Islands who are laying claim to his estate. In 1998 4 children won $90 million settlements each. Later it was learned that many of his personal effects in Saipan were buried to avoid DNA tests for paternity confirmation. In 2012 James D. Scurlock authored “The Life and Ruins of a Billionaire Genius."
    (WSJ, 5/15/96, p.A1,8)(SFEC, 1/11/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 8/16/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/20/00, p.A1)(SSFC, 2/12/12, p.F7)

1996        May 21, The US Congress listed the California red-legged frog as an endangered species. The year long moratorium blocking new listings by the Fish and Wildlife Service ended last month.
    (WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-10)
1996        May 21, The Alabama Dept. of Corrections decided to stop chaining prisoners together after one year due to security problems.
    (SFC, 6/21/96, p.A1,9)
1996        May 21, Al "Lash" LaRue, a bullwhipping star of low-budget 1940s Westerns, died at 78. He had performed in touring shows and attempted suicide in 1958. He was arrested for possession of marijuana in the 1970s as a traveling evangelist.
    (SFC, 5/31/96, p.E2)
1996        May 21, Mary Perot Nichols (79), journalist, died.
    (www.upenn.edu/almanac/v42/n33/deaths.html)
1996        May 21, Bangladesh Pres. Abdur Rahman Biswas accused the army chief. Lt. General Abu Saleh Mohammad Nasim of ordering troops to march against the government. There has been 2 presidents assassinated, 3 military coups, and 18 coup attempts since independence in 1971.
    (SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-10)
1996        May 21, A bombing in New Delhi, India, killed 25 people. Kashmiri separatists claimed responsibility.
    (WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-1)
1996        May 21, A Tanzanian ferry sank on Lake Victoria and at least 615 people, many of whom were students, were killed. Pres. Mkapa called the sinking a national disaster. The ferry, MV Bukoba with capacity for 441, was traveling from Bukoba to Mwanza. 563 of the 663 aboard were presumed dead.
    (WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-1)(SFC, 5/22/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 5/23/96, p.A-1)(AP, 5/21/97)
1996        May 21, The government of Zambia adopted new constitutional amendments to prevent Kenneth Kaunda from running for president. The amendments require that candidates be at least second-generation Zambians. Kaunda is the son of immigrants from Malawi.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)

1997        May 21, Prosecutors at the Oklahoma City bombing trial of Timothy McVeigh rested their case.
    (AP, 5/21/98)
1997        May 21, The space shuttle Atlantis undocked from the Russian Mir space station.
    (AP, 5/21/98)
1997        May 21, In Afghanistan faction leader Gen. Abdurrashid Dostum, an ethnic-Uzbek, was up against mutineers in 6 of his 8 northern provinces.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.C2)(SFC, 10/10/01, p.A3)
1997        May 21, In Bulgaria Ivan Kostov was elected the new premiere by the parliament. He planned reforms for the economy, cleanup of corruption, and gaining admission to the EU and NATO.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.C3)
1997        May 21, In India an earthquake killed at least 27. Its epicenter was near Jabalpur City, about 400 miles southeast of New Delhi.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.C4)
1997        May 21, In Mexico a half-ton of cocaine was stolen from a police station in Sonora. Seven government employees were later charged with the theft.
    (SDUT, 6/6/97, p.A1)
1997        May 21, The UN approved an agreement for equitable use of waters that flow through more than one country. Only China and Turkey refused to sign the key UN convention on transnational rivers.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.C2)(AP, 4/16/11)

1998        May 21, In Anaheim, Ca., Disney opened its world of tomorrow.
    (SFC, 5/22/98, p.A19)
1998        May 21, Frank and Shirley Capaci of Streamwood, Ill., announced they were holding a winning Powerball ticket worth $195 million.
    (AP, 5/21/99)
1998        May 21, In Springfield, Ore., Kipland Kinkel (15) killed 1 classmate and wounded 19 more at Thurston High School. His parents, William (59) and Faith (57), were found shot dead at home and a 2nd student died the next day. He had been expelled from school the previous day for bringing a gun to school. Kinkel dropped an insanity plea in 1999 and pleaded guilty to 4 counts of murder and 26 counts of attempted murder. He was sentenced to over 111 years in prison.
    (SFC, 5/22/98, p.A1)(SFC, 5/23/98, p.A1)(SFC, 9/25/99, p.A3)(SFC, 11/11/99, p.A3)
1998        May 21, Canada ordered major cuts in the catch of Coho salmon on the West Coast due to declining stocks. Fishing on the Skeena and Thompson River runs was banned and US officials were urged to take similar action.
    (WSJ, 5/22/98, p.A1)
1998        May 21, India announced a moratorium on nuclear tests and restated a willingness to negotiate an agreement on a formal test ban.
    (SFC, 5/22/98, p.D3)
1998        May 21, In the wake of deadly anti-government protests, Indonesia’s Pres. Suharto resigned after 32 years in power and appointed his vice-president, B.J. Habibie (b. 6/25/36), as the new leader. In 2005 Richard Lloyd Parry authored “In the Time of Madness," an account of Indonesia’s transformation following the resignation of Suharto.
    (SFC, 5/21/98, p.A14)(AP, 5/21/99)(Econ, 4/2/05, p.77)
1998        May 21, In Cuernavaca, Mexico, police arrested the wife, son, daughter and daughter-in-law of kidnapper Daniel Arizmendi Lopez. He was wanted for carrying out at least 18 bold and brutal kidnappings since 1996.
    (SFEC, 5/31/98, p.A24)
1998        May 21, In Portugal the 4-month Expo ‘98 was inaugurated in Lisbon. The theme of the fair expanded on the UN theme Int’l. Year of the Oceans. 15 million people were expected to visit with exhibits from almost 150 countries.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.T6)(SFC, 5/22/98, p.D3)
1998        May 21, In Russia armed gunmen occupied a building in Makhachkala, Dagestan, in support of Nadirshakh Khachilayev, who led demands for a new government.
    (SFC, 5/22/98, p.D3)
1998        May 21, In northwest Turkey rains caused floods and left at least 10 people dead.
    (SFC, 5/22/98, p.D4)

1999        May 21, Susan Lucci won a Daytime Emmy Award for best actress on her 19th try.
    (AP, 5/21/00)
1999        May 21, Presidential friend and fund-raiser Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie pleaded guilty to campaign finance violations and agreed to cooperate in an investigation of illegal Asian donations to the Democrats.
    (AP, 5/21/00)
1999        May 21, The US urged a buildup of ground forces to secure the return of Kosovo refugees.
    (SFC, 5/22/99, p.A1)
1999        May 21, NATO forces bombed the Dubrava prison near Istok and 19 inmates and guards were killed. NATO said the facility was used as military barracks. NATO also mistakenly bombed a KLA base in Kosare that had been seized 6 weeks earlier and 7 KLA fighters were killed and 25 wounded.
    (SFC, 5/22/99, p.A1)(SFEC, 5/23/99, p.A8)
1999        May 21, In Colombia Piedad Cordoba, an opposition senator, was kidnapped in Bogota by suspected ELN rebels. They said she would be freed with a message about the peace process. Carlos Castano, head of the United Self-Defense Forces later admitted that he ordered the abduction.
    (SFC, 5/22/99, p.A16)(SFC, 5/24/99, p.A13)
1999        May 21, In Indonesia students in Jakarta clashed with police during protests that former Pres. Suharto be prosecuted on the one year anniversary of Suharto's resignation.
    (SFC, 5/22/99, p.A12)
1999        May 21, A luxury cruise liner, the Sun Vista, sank off Malaysia's western coast; nearly 1,100 passengers and crew escaped safely.
    (AP, 5/21/00)
1999        May 21, In Mexico the northern states of Coahuila, Chihuahua, Sonora, Durango and Sinaloa were declared disaster areas due to the ongoing drought.
    (SFC, 5/22/99, p.A16)
1999        May 21, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin reappointed several key members of the previous government to a new Cabinet. He named Vladimir Rushailo as the interior minister and Nikolai Aksyonenko as a first deputy prime minister. The media described Rushailo and Aksyonenko as tools of Boris Berezovsky. Yeltsin also signed permission to keep the Mir space station aloft pending private financing.
    (SFC, 5/22/99, p.A16)(SFC, 5/25/99, p.A8)
1999        May 21, In South Africa a principal and teacher opened fire on students who were throwing stones angered by field trip fees. Sithembiso Gcwenya (19) was killed and 2 students were wounded near Scottburgh on the Indian Ocean.
    (SFC, 5/22/99, p.A12)

2000        May 21, "Dancer in the Dark" won the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival; the Grand Prize went to "Devils on the Doorstep."
    (AP, 5/21/01)
2000        May 21, In Pennsylvania a commuter plane, returning from Atlantic City, NJ, crashed in the Pocono Mountains near Wilkes-Barre and all 19 people aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 5/22/00, p.A1)(AP, 5/21/01)
2000        May 21, Mark Hughes (44), the late founder of Herbalife International, a maker of nutritional supplements, died. His son Alex (8) was the sole beneficiary of a $400 million trust.
    (AP, 9/13/05)
2000        May 21, Sir John Gielgud English actor, died in Aylesbury at age 96. In 2004 Richard Mangan introduced and edited “Sir John Gielgud: A Life in Letters."
    (SFC, 5/23/00, p.A1)(AP, 5/21/01)(WSJ, 6/18/04, p.W10)
2000        May 21, In Britain Dame Barbara Cartland, author of 723 romance novels, died at age 98.
    (SFC, 5/22/00, p.A14)
2000        May 21, In Fiji 10 junior MPs were released after they signed resignation letters. Prime Minister Chaudhry also agreed to sign a letter of resignation.
    (SFEC, 5/21/00, p.B11)
2000        May 21, In Haiti elections began for 7,625 positions. The Family Lavalas party of former Pres. Aristide won 14 of 19 senate seats. The international community put millions in foreign aid on hold until results are revised.
    (SFC, 5/22/00, p.A11)(SFC, 5/27/00, p.A13)(SFC, 5/31/00, p.A13)(AP, 2/11/04)
2000        May 21, In the Philippines soldiers rescued 2 children held by hostages on Basilan. 7 hostages still remained with Muslim rebels.
    (SFC, 5/22/00, p.A11)
2000        May 21, In Sierra Leone rebels freed 54 more UN workers as government forces advanced on rebel positions.
    (SFC, 5/22/00, p.A10)

2001        May 21, The Supreme Court ruled, six-to-three, that a radio host cannot be sued for airing a phone conversation taped illegally by a third party.
    (AP, 5/21/02)
2001        May 21, The Mitchell Report on Mideast violence called on Palestinians to jail terrorists and Israel to freeze settlement activity.
    (AP, 5/21/02)
2001        May 21, Ford Motor and Bridgestone/Firestone announced the termination of their century old business relationship.
    (WSJ, 5/23/01, p.A1)
2001        May 21, Joerg C. Tiller of MIT said a new polymer, called hexyl-PVP, could be used as a surface coating and was able to kill common disease-causing organisms.
    (SFC, 5/22/01, p.A6)
2001        May 21, The body of Quetzalcoatl Alba (15) was found in a storage room in the carport area of the Park Plaza Drive apartment complex in Daly City, Ca. Suspects Carlos Maldonado and Erick Morales denied involvement and left the area. In 2007 police found evidence of the crime and tracked down Maldonado in Miami. He attempted to escape police on arrival at the SF Airport and jumped a railing plunging 25 feet to the arrival area of the airport, suffering serious, but non-life threatening injuries. In 2009 police arrested Erick Morales (25) in NY state and planned to extradite him to San Mateo. In 2013 Reynaldo Maldonado (34) was convicted of murder.
    (SFC, 10/24/07, p.B4)(SFC, 10/14/09, p.D2)
2001        May 21, In Seattle, Wa., members of the Earth Liberation Front torched the Univ. of Washington’s Center for Urban Horticulture causing about $6 million in damage. An Oregon tree farm owned by Jefferson Poplar Farms was also burned. 4 people were later convicted of taking part in the firebombing. One later committed suicide in prison. In 2011 Briana Waters (35) pleaded guilty to arson and related charges in the firebombing. In 2012 Waters was sentenced to 4 years in prison with credit for time served.
    (SFC, 9/16/10, p.C5)(http://uwnews.org/article.asp?articleID=3180)(SFC, 6/17/11, p.C3)(SFC, 6/23/12, p.A4)
2001        May 21, In Chile Pres. Ricardo Lagos made a state-of-the-nation address and raised the government’s job creation pledge to 150,000 to help offset rising unemployment.
    (WSJ, 5/25/01, p.A8)
2001        May 21, In Iquique, Chile, 26 prisoners, mostly first time offenders, died after rioting inmates set fires in their cells. Authorities later said the fire was started by accident.
    (WSJ, 5/22/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/23/01, p.A1)
2001        May 21, In Cairo Saad Eddin Ibrahim, an Egyptian American human rights campaigner, was sentenced to 7 years in prison of charges of tarnishing Egypt’s image, accepting foreign money and embezzling funds. His conviction was overturned Dec 3, 2002.
    (SFC, 5/22/01, p.A10)(SFC, 12/4/02, p.A19)
2001        May 21, Amid escalating Middle East violence, an international commission submitted a report calling for end to violence, but it was never implemented.
    (AP, 9/6/03)
2001        May 21, Cardinals from around the world gathered at the Vatican for a three-day meeting to ponder the challenges facing the Roman Catholic Church and who might lead it after Pope John Paul II.
    (AP, 5/21/02)

2002        May 21, President Bush warned that al-Qaida terrorists still "want to hurt us," while his Pentagon chief, Donald Rumsfeld, said terrorists inevitably will acquire weapons of mass destruction from countries like Iraq, Iran or North Korea.
    (AP, 5/21/03)
2002        May 21, The Bush administration announced that it would resume economic aid to Yugoslavia because it had met requirements to cooperate with the war crimes tribunal in The Hague.
    (SFC, 5/22/02, p.A15)
2002        May 21, The US State Dept issued its annual report on terrorism: "Patterns of Global Terrorism 2001." Iran was branded as the most active supporter of terrorism due to increased support for Palestinian militants.
    (SFC, 5/22/02, p.A12)
2002        May 21, Merrill Lynch agreed to pay $100 million to settle allegations that it misled investors during the 1990s.
    (SFC, 5/22/02, p.A1)
2002        May 21, Citigroup agreed to buy Cal Fed Bank for $5.8 billion in cash and stock.
    (SFC, 5/22/02, p.A1)
2002        May 21, In Medellin, Colombia, fighting between security forces and guerrillas left at least 9 people dead including 2 children.
    (SFC, 5/22/02, p.A15)
2002        May 21, In Germany there were anti-war protests on the eve of Pres. Bush's arrival.
    (WSJ, 5/22/02, p.A1)
2002        May 21, It was reported that scientists in Guatemala had found the source of jade deposits used by the Olmecs and Mayans.
    (SFC, 5/22/02, p.A2)
2002        May 21, Fighting between Indian and Pakistan soldiers in Kashmir killed 9 civilians and wounded 7 others. Gunmen in Srinagar assassinated Abdul Ghani Lone (70), a moderate Kashmiri separatist leader.
    (SFC, 5/21/02, p.A9)(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A13)(WSJ, 5/22/02, p.A1)

2003        May 21, Ruben Studdard edged Clay Aiken to win the second "American Idol" competition on Fox TV.
    (AP, 5/21/04)
2003        May 21, Christie Whitman (56), former New Jersey governor, announced her resignation as chief of the Environmental Protective Agency.
    (SFC, 5/22/03, p.A1)
2003        May 21, In Algeria a 6.7 earthquake struck near Algiers. More than 2,200 people were killed and thousands injured. Thenia, 40 miles east of Algiers, was worst hit.
    (SFC, 5/22/03, p.A1)(AP, 5/25/03)(SFC, 5/27/03, p.A12)
2003        May 21, American troops guarding the US Embassy in Kabul shot and killed four Afghan soldiers, apparently mistaking them for assailants.
    (AP, 5/21/03)
2003        May 21, In Barbados PM Owen Arthur's governing Labor Party won elections in a landslide victory that secured the party 23 seats in the legislature. The opposition Democratic Labor Party won seven seats in the 30-seat Parliament.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 21, In northeastern Congo the death toll from more than a week of tribal fighting rose to 280 people.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 21, In Iraq US forces captured Aziz Saleh Numan, former Baath regional command chairman for west Baghdad. He was No. 8 on the most wanted list.
    (SFC, 5/23/03, p.A20)
2003        May 21, Israeli troops shot to death 2 Palestinians including a mother of 8 during a clash at the West Bank village of Qarawat Bani Zeid.
    (SFC, 5/22/03, p.A3)
2003        May 21, In Myanmar bombs exploded on the border with Thailand, killing four people.
    (AP, 5/21/03)
2003        May 21, The Mexican Justice Department said that 258 women had been killed since 1993 in Ciudad Juarez.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 21, NATO's 19 nations agreed unanimously to start planning to help Poland lead a multinational peacekeeping force in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/21/03)
2003        May 21, Taiwan reported 35 new cases of SARS for a total of 418 with 52 deaths.
    (SFC, 5/22/03, p.A3)

2004        May 21, Nearly 100,000 unionized SBC Communications Inc. workers began a four-day strike to protest the local-phone giant's latest contract offer.
    (AP, 5/21/04)
2004        May 21, In northeastern Bangladesh a bomb exploded during noon prayers at a Muslim shrine, killing two Bangladeshi men and wounding about 100 people.
    (AP, 5/22/04)
2004        May 21, The UN Security Council approved a peacekeeping force of 5,600 troops for Burundi to help the African nation finally end a 10-year civil war.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2004        May 21, The European Union confirmed its backing for Russia to join the World Trade Organization, and Russian President Vladimir Putin said Moscow in turn would speed up ratification of the troubled Kyoto accord on global warming.
    (AP, 5/21/04)
2004        May 21, In Iraq American AC-130 gunships and tanks bombarded militia positions near two shrines in the holy city of Karbala, killing 18 fighters loyal to a rebel cleric.
    (AP, 5/21/04)
2004        May 21, Israeli troops pulled back from two neighborhoods in the Rafah refugee camp.
    (AP, 5/21/04)
2004        May 21, Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors Corp., struggling to survive, announced it would cut 11,000 jobs.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2004        May 21, African finance ministers began a two-day meeting in Uganda to discuss how their governments can do more to reduce trade imbalances with rich nations.
    (AP, 5/21/04)

2005        May 21, Afleet Alex regained his footing and his drive after being cut off by Scrappy T in a frightening collision and breezed home to win the Preakness Stakes; Kentucky Derby winner Giacomo finished third.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2005        May 21, In Oakland, Ca., groundbreaking took place for the new Cathedral of Christ the Light at the northwest tip of Lake Merritt. It was built on the site of an 1893 neo-Gothic brick church damaged by the 1989 earthquake. The $131 million Catholic project was designed by Craig Hartman. Completion was expected in 2008. Dedication ceremonies for the $190 million cathedral were later set for Sep 25, 2008.
    (SSFC, 5/22/05, p.A1)(SFC, 9/13/08, p.A7)(WSJ, 2/18/09, p.D7)
2005        May 21, In east Cleveland, Ohio, a fire broke out during a sleepover at a crowded house, killing Medeia Carter (33), 4 of her children and 4 other children. In 2010 a judge ruled that suspect Antun Lewis (27) is mentally disabled and can’t face execution. On Feb 14, 2011, Lewis was convicted for the arson deaths.
    (AP, 5/22/05)(SFC, 12/28/10, p.A6)(SFC, 2/15/11, p.A10)
2005        May 21, In NYC a Cessna 172S crashed at Coney Island killing all 4 people aboard.
    (SSFC, 5/22/05, p.A4)
2005        May 21, Howard Morris (85), best known for playing poetry-spouting hillbilly Ernest T. Bass on the "Andy Griffith Show," died at his home in the Hollywood section of Los Angeles.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 21, In eastern Afghanistan fighting between insurgents and US-led coalition and Afghan forces left 12 rebels dead and one U.S. soldier slightly wounded. In southern Afghanistan a bomb exploded near a U.S. military patrol, killing one American soldier and wounding two others.
    (AP, 5/21/05)(AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 21, Azerbaijani protesters demanding free elections were beaten back by police, who arrested dozens as they broke up a banned rally.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21, The Belgian film “The Child," by Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne, won the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.
    (SSFC, 5/22/05, p.A2)
2005        May 21, China ordered emergency measures to prevent an outbreak of avian flu after investigators said migratory birds found dead in a western province this month were killed by the virus.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21-2005 May 22, Some 160 delegates from Cuba’s opposition movement held an assembly in Havana without government interference.
    (Econ, 5/28/05, p.40)
2005        May 21, Germany's prestigious Academy of Arts was reopened at its pre-World War II site next to Berlin's Brandenburg Gate.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21, Sunni groups joined forces to form a political and religious organization to represent the minority as it seeks to gain influence in Iraq's new Shiite-dominated government.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21, In South Korea Chung Se-yung (76) died in Seoul. He helped build Hyundai Motor Co. into one of the world’s biggest car companies.
    (SFC, 5/23/05, p.B4)
2005        May 21, In Libya reporter Daif al-Ghazal (32) was taken from the northern city of Benghazi by armed men and taken to an unknown location. His body was found a week later.
    (AP, 6/5/05)
2005        May 21, In Lahore, Pakistan, some 300 male and female runners participated in .06-mile footrace in a symbolic victory for co-ed running.
    (SFC, 6/1/05, p.A8)
2005        May 21, The Palestinian interior ministry said the Hamas militant group has agreed to halt mortar and rocket fire on Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip, a deal meant to save a truce threatened by three consecutive days of violence.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21, In central Peru a passenger bus plunged off a bridge into a river on, killing at least 35 people and injuring 30 others.
    (AP, 5/21/05)
2005        May 21, In South Africa several hundred people, most of them white, demonstrated to protest a proposal to change the capital's name from Pretoria, the name given to it by white settlers, to Tshwane, as the site was once known to its original African inhabitants.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        The Eurovision song contest was held in Kiev, Ukraine.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.57)
2005        May 21, In eastern Venezuela armed gunmen stole a 2nd government-owned helicopter before dawn after taking 3 security guards hostage at an airport in Ciudad Bolivar.
    (AP, 5/21/05)

2006        May 21, US Attorney General Alberto Gonzales said the government has the legal authority to prosecute journalists for publishing classified information.
    (SFC, 5/22/06, p.A2)
2006        May 21, In Louisiana a shooting spree at The Ministry of Jesus Christ church in Baton Rouge left 4 people dead. Anthony Bell (25) then kidnapped his wife and killed her. He was charged with murder in the deaths of his wife and her grandparents, great aunt and a cousin.
    (AP, 5/22/06)(SFC, 5/22/06, p.A3)
2006        May 21, In Oregon demolition crews destroyed the 499-foot cooling tower of the Trojan Nuclear Power Plant. Demolition of the containment dome was scheduled in 2008.
    (SFC, 5/22/06, p.A2)
2006        May 21, In SF some 62,000 runners participated in the annual Bay to Breakers race. Gilbert Okari (27) of Kenya won in 34 minutes and 20 seconds. Among the women Ukrainian Tetyana Hladyr won in 39:09. Mayor Newsom finished the 7.46 miles in 59:04.
    (SFC, 5/22/06, p.A1)
2006        May 21, Katherine Dunham (96), a pioneering dancer, author and civil rights activist, died in New York.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2006        May 21, Grand Ole Opry legend Billy Walker (77) died in a traffic accident along an Alabama interstate highway.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2006        May 21, In Afghanistan a car bomb exploded on a busy road in Kabul, killing the driver of the car and two civilians.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2006        May 21, Greek Cypriots voted to elect a new parliament on this divided island, their first vote since rejecting a UN reunification plan. Voters put their weight behind parties in President Tassos Papadopoulos' governing coalition, a result likely to be seen as an endorsement of his rejection of a UN plan to reunify this war-divided island.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2006        May 21, In Egypt global business and political leaders focused on dialogue, democracy and development in the Middle East. 3 major players, Iran, Hamas and Syria, were absent.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2006        May 21, Iraq's new PM Nouri al-Maliki promised to use "maximum force" if necessary to end the brutal insurgent and sectarian violence racking his country. A suicide bomber killed at least 13 people and injured 17 when he blew himself up in a downtown Baghdad restaurant frequented by police. The attack came as PM Nouri al-Maliki pledged to soon fill vacancies in his two key security ministries. Bombs and killings across Iraq left a total of 30 people dead.
    (AP, 5/21/06)(SFC, 5/22/06, p.A6)(AP, 5/21/07)
2006        May 21, The Israeli Cabinet approved the transfer of $11 million worth of medicine and health supplies to the Palestinians to help ease the deteriorating humanitarian conditions in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Officials said that Israel has approved plans to expand four Jewish settlements in the West Bank, a practice the United States has opposed in the past.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2006        May 21, Local authorities said boats carrying more than 400 migrants have been intercepted off Lampedusa over the past 48 hours, overwhelming the tiny island south of Sicily.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2006        May 21, Islamic militants dressed as policemen hurled grenades and shot into a rally by the ruling Congress party in India's portion of Kashmir, killing at least 7 people and wounding 22 others. Two attackers were killed.
    (AFP, 5/21/06)
2006        May 21, Kuwait's ruler dissolved parliament and called early elections amid a dispute between the government and lawmakers over electoral reform.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2006        May 21, A Kuwait criminal court acquitted five former Guantanamo detainees of charges that they collected money for Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network. Abdullah Salih al-Ajmi (29), released from Guantanamo in 2005, took part in a suicide bomb attack in Mosul in April, 2008.
    (AP, 5/21/06)(SFC, 5/8/08, p.A8)
2006        May 21, In Liberia tens of thousands of children marched against hunger, adding their voices to a global event to tackle food shortages that many in the war-battered west African nation have felt firsthand.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2006        May 21, Montenegro voted by a slim margin to secede from Serbia and form a separate nation, erasing the last vestiges of the former Yugoslavia.
    (Econ, 3/4/06, p.47)(AP, 5/22/06)
2006        May 21, In Nigeria rock star and activist Bono told African finance ministers that the recent goodwill of wealthy industrialized countries toward Africa could dissipate unless the continent tackles corruption.
    (Reuters, 5/21/06)
2006        May 21, Pakistan and Iran officials met again in Islamabad to discuss a proposed 1,735-mile pipeline that would deliver Iranian gas to Pakistan and India.
    (AP, 5/21/06)
2006        May 21, In Sri Lanka 2 soldiers were killed and two others wounded in two separate Claymore mine attacks in the northeastern Trincomalee district and the northern district of Vavuniya. Figures maintained by the Scandinavian truce monitoring mission showed that 510 people were killed in Sri Lanka's embattled regions since December. Suspected rebels attacked the offices of three international aid groups in what appeared to be their first assault on foreigners. Tamil separatists denied the charge.
    (AFP, 5/21/06)(AP, 5/21/06)

2007        May 21, US Democratic presidential hopeful Joseph Biden called for US troops to help quell the violence in Sudan's Darfur region, drawing a strong rebuke from Sudan's UN envoy.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, A Chinese delegation led by Vice Premier Wu Yi arrived in the United States for two days of talks that will spotlight tensions over US trade deficits with the Asian export giant. A Chinese state fund that is buying a $3 billion stake in US private equity firm Blackstone Group LP wants to avoid political backlashes when it makes other investments abroad.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, Bill Richardson, Gov. of New Mexico, officially joined the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (WSJ, 5/22/07, p.A1)
2007        May 21, The US Supreme Court ruled that parents don't need to hire a lawyer to sue public school districts over their children's special education needs.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2007        May 21, The US Food and Drug Administration issued a safety alert for the diabetes drug Avandia, marketed by GlaxoSmithKline, which disputed a report saying it was linked to a greater risk of heart attack. A doctor in Maryland had linked Avandia to congestive heart failure in 2000, but GlaxoSmithKline rejected her warning and tried to stop her from talking about it with other doctors and hospitals.
    (AP, 5/21/08)(WSJ, 11/19/08, p.B6)
2007        May 21, Florida set its 2008 presidential primary for January 29.
    (WSJ, 5/22/07, p.A1)
2007        May 21, It was reported that California’s spending trends would have the prison budget overtake spending on state universities in five years.
    (SFC, 5/21/07, p.A1)
2007        May 21, Afghanistan's lower house of parliament voted to oust an outspoken female lawmaker who has enraged former mujahedeen fighters now in President Hamid Karzai's US-backed government. Malalai Joya (29) had compared parliament to a stable full of animals in a recent TV interview. A parliament rule known as Article 70 forbids lawmakers from criticizing one another.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, Mining giant Rio Tinto and energy powerhouse BP announced plans for a $1.5 billion coal-fired power project in Australia which would capture carbon dioxide to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, The presidents of Belarus and Iran sought to cement ties that the Belarusian leader called "a strategic partnership." Belarus will develop an oil field in Iran under an agreement announced by President Alexander Lukashenko during a visit by Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, In Greenwich, England, a spectacular fire heavily damaged the clipper ship Cutty Sark, one of London's proudest relics of the 19th century tea trade with China designed to be the fastest ship of its day. Cutty Sark left London on its first voyage on Feb. 16, 1870, proceeding around Cape Hope to Shanghai 3 1/2 months later. The ship made only eight voyages to China in the tea trade, as steam ships replaced sail on the high seas.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, In Chile Pres. Michelle Bachelet apologized for failing to fix her capital's public bus system and promised to raise education spending by hundreds of millions of dollars.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, Ethiopian troops backing Somalia's fragile government killed one person and wounded another after their convoy was targeted by a land mine in Mogadishu. Two Ethiopian rebel groups, the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) and the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), said they have killed 157 troops in the east of the country this month.
    (AP, 5/21/07)(AFP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 21, Indar Jit Rikhye (86), Indian peacekeeper, died. In 1970 he set up the Int’l. Peace Academy in NYC to train military officers and diplomats in simulated conflicts.
    (Econ, 6/9/07, p.99)(www.ipacademy.org/our-work)
2007        May 21, Iran charged Haleh Esfandiari, a jailed Iranian-American academic, with setting up a network to overthrow the Islamic establishment, the government announced. Esfandiari, director of the Middle East Program at the Washington-based Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars, has been held at Tehran's notorious Evin Prison since early May.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, Gunmen in two cars attacked a minibus outside Hibhib, Diyala Province, killing 7 passengers, including a child. In western Baghdad, a roadside bomb exploded near a group of Iraqi soldiers patrolling the Sunni-dominated Adil neighborhood in western Baghdad, killing three of the soldiers and injuring two. The Iraqi newspaper Azzaman reported that one of its reporters, Ali Khalil (22), was kidnapped while leaving a relative's house in the increasingly volatile Baiyaa neighborhood of Baghdad and found dead several hours later. Two gunmen killed two police officers as they walked by the police station in Muqdadiyah. In Basra gunmen killed one police officer and wounding another in an attack on their patrol. A British soldier and a civilian driver were killed when a supply convoy was attacked in the center of Basra.
    (AP, 5/21/07)(AP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 21, Israel pushed ahead with its campaign against Palestinian rocket squads, pounding the Gaza Strip with new airstrikes that killed five militants. A rocket from Gaza killed an Israeli woman.
    (AP, 5/21/07)(WSJ, 5/22/07, p.A1)
2007        May 21, Japanese Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko arrived in Sweden, kicking off a 10-day tour of Europe that will take in the three Baltic nations and Britain, where they have faced protests in the past.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, Kazakhstan's Pres. Nazarbayev (66) approved a constitutional amendment that waives presidential term limits and allows him to seek the top post indefinitely.
    (AP, 5/22/07)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.42)
2007        May 21, Lebanese troops pounded a Palestinian refugee camp with artillery and tank fire for a second day, raising huge palls of smoke as they battled a militant group suspected of ties to al-Qaida in the worst eruption of violence since the end of the 1975-90 civil war.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, Norway said it would make its first transfer of direct aid to the Palestinians' new government, more than two months after the Nordic country broke with most Western nations by recognizing the Hamas-led coalition.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, In Pakistan radical Islamist students kidnapped three policemen in Islamabad, creating a second tense police hostage stand-off.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, Paraguayan President Nicanor Duarte and Brazil's Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva met in Paraguay's capital, Asuncion, and vowed to boost legitimate trade and to strengthen cross-border cooperation in fighting smuggling in the Triple Border.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 21, Polish doctors launched a nationwide open-ended strike, demanding a pay raise amid complaints that the health system is underfunded and medical professionals are overworked.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 21, In northern Sri Lanka 6 people were killed during deepening fighting between government soldiers and separatist rebels.
    (AP, 5/21/07)
2007        May 21, In Tanzania the appeals court of the UN-backed Rwandan genocide tribunal upheld a life sentence for Mika Muhimana (57), convicted on multiple counts of rape and murder. Muhimana, a Hutu, was accused of involvement in the rape of nearly 30 women from the minority Tutsi tribe during Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 5/21/07)

2008        May 21, Pres. Bush signed legislation to protect people from losing their jobs or health insurance when genetic testing reveals they are susceptible to costly diseases. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act was designed to prohibit the improper use of genetic information in health insurance and employment.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_Information_Nondiscrimination_Act)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.D6)
2008        May 21, American Airlines said it will remove 75 of 954 aircraft in its fleet and start charging some domestic passengers $15 to check a suitcase due to rising fuel costs. Oil futures closed at a record $133.17.
    (SFC, 5/22/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A1)
2008        May 21, In Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers and a civilian interpreter were killed when an explosion hit them during a patrol in eastern Ghazni province. In eastern Kunar province a rocket hit a schoolyard in Asmor district, killing one student and wounding four others. The victims were between eight and 14 years old.
    (AP, 5/21/08)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A9)(AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 21, In Australia Milton Orkopoulos (50), the former New South Wales state minister for Aboriginal affairs, was jailed for nearly 14 years on child sex and drugs charges.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi claimed that government troops have killed or captured 95 percent of rebels in the separatist Ogaden region.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 21, Hundreds of French fishermen clashed with police in Paris and severely disrupted cross-Channel traffic as they stepped up a 10-day-old protest against soaring fuel costs.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Georgia held parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 21, India and Pakistan signed a pact in Islamabad granting consular access to prisoners in each other's jails but reported no significant progress in negotiations on the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, In Indonesia thousands of students took to the streets across the country to protest the government's plan to raise fuel prices.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, At least 11 people were killed when gunfire broke out after a roadside bombing in a Shiite militia stronghold in eastern Baghdad near Sadr City, scene of a major military clampdown. The shooting occurred in the Obeidi neighborhood after three roadside bombs targeted joint US-Iraqi troops. An Iraqi television cameraman, Wissam Ali Auda, of Afaq TV, was killed in the fighting. A second journalist was killed north of Baghdad. The bullet-riddled body of Hashim al-Hussein (35), a correspondent for the Sharq newspaper kidnapped a day earlier, was found dumped near the city of Baqouba. A US helicopter strike north of Baghdad killed 8 civilians, including several children. The US military said the assault targeted al-Qaida fighters but acknowledged that children died.
    (AP, 5/21/08)(AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 21, Brian Keenan (66), a commanding figure during the Irish Republican Army's long march from war to peace, died of cancer.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Israel and Syria said they were holding indirect peace talks through Turkish mediators on a dispute that centers on the Golan Heights.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Premier Silvio Berlusconi moved his Cabinet meeting to Naples, vowing to clean the city's streets of the garbage that has piled up for months and become a stinking symbol of government inadequacy.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Lebanon's feuding factions reached a breakthrough deal, following talks in Qatar, to end the country's 18-month political stalemate. The deal gives the militant Hezbollah group and its allies veto over any government decision.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, In northern Mali 27 people were killed, including 10 soldiers, following an insurgent attack on an army base. Ethnic Tuareg rebels active in the area claimed responsibility for the attack. They said only one of their fighters died in the skirmish and that they had taken some 60 soldiers hostages.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 21, UN chief Ban Ki-moon began a mission for Myanmar's cyclone victims, saying "our focus now is on saving lives," as the military government gave approval UN helicopters to distribute aid.
    (Reuters, 5/21/08)(WSJ, 5/22/08, p.A1)
2008        May 21, In northern Nigeria 46 soldiers, who just returned from a peacekeeping mission in Darfur, were killed in a road accident. 10 people drowned and six were rescued when their boat capsized in Port Harcourt.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)(AFP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 21, Pakistan's government promised to "gradually" pull out troops from the northwestern valley of Swat after signing a peace agreement with Taliban militants.
    (Reuters, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, In Moscow, Russia, Manchester United prevailed over Chelsea in the soccer final of the Champions League.
    (Econ, 5/24/08, p.77)
2008        May 21, The interior ministers of Senegal and Spain signed an agreement extending cooperation between the west African nation and the EU border control agency Frontex to combat illegal immigration by one year.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, In southern Somalia dozens of heavily armed gunmen kidnapped two Italian aid workers and their Somali colleague.
    (AP, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, In South Africa xenophobic violence, that has killed at least 24 people, spilled over to the volatile Zulu heartland and security officials discussed whether to use troops to quell unrest.
    (Reuters, 5/21/08)
2008        May 21, Dozens of men on horseback armed with machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades ambushed Nigerian peacekeepers serving with the joint UN-African Union force in Darfur. No casualties were reported.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 21, Two Swedish contractors were arrested suspected of preparing to sabotage The Oskarshamn nuclear power plant in southern Sweden, after traces of explosives were found on one of the men. Police released the 2 men the next day as technical experts continued an investigation.
    (AFP, 5/21/08)(Reuters, 5/22/08)
2008        May 21, Ukraine moved to strengthen its currency, the hryvnia, by revising its peg to the dollar form 5.05 hryvnia per dollar to 4.85.
    (WSJ, 5/22/08, p.C14)

2009        May 21, Alaska’s Gov. Sarah Palin became the only governor to turn down federal stimulus money for energy efficiency, a move that legislators called "disappointing" for a state with some of the country's highest energy costs.
    (AP, 5/22/09)
2009        May 21, In northern California police arrested James Stanley Koenig (57), Gary T. Armitage (59) and Jeffery A. Guidi (54) for running an alleged Ponzi scheme that swindled thousands of people of more then $200 million since 1997.
    (SFC, 5/23/09, p.B1)
2009        May 21, In Florida 11 people were indicted in Miami on charges of running a money laundering racket for the Bonano crime family of New York. A FBI agent posing as a crooked businessman was key to the indictment.
    (SFC, 5/22/09, p.A6)
2009        May 21, Linda Fleming (66), a woman with late-stage pancreatic cancer, became the first person to kill herself under Washington state's new assisted suicide law, known as "death with dignity."
    (AP, 5/23/09)
2009        May 21, In Afghanistan two militants were killed and six others detained after a clash in southern Helmand province. A US military statement said US and Afghan forces had seized 16.5 tons of drugs and killed 34 Islamic militants during a 3-day operation in the south.
    (AP, 5/21/09)(SFC, 5/22/09, p.A2)
2009        May 21, Bolivia’s President Evo Morales called for an about-face in relations with Washington, saying past diplomatic spats can be overcome if the new US government refrains from meddling in Bolivian affairs.
    (AP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, The British government announced a climbdown over settlement rights for Gurkha veterans, saying all of the Nepalese fighters who have served at least four years can apply to live here.
    (AFP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, In Egypt Hisham Talaat Moustafa, a real estate mogul with ties to Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak's son, was sentenced to death for ordering the slaying of a Lebanese pop star in a case that sparked a media frenzy in a country where the elite is often perceived as being above the law. Moustafa, a member of the ruling National Democratic Party, was accused of paying a former Egyptian police officer $2 million to kill Suzanne Tamim while she was in Dubai. Former officer, Mohsen el-Sukkary, was also convicted and sentenced to death. On March 4, 2010, the Court of Cassation, the country's highest court of appeal, overturned his conviction, and ordered a retrial.
    (AP, 5/21/09)(AP, 3/4/10)
2009        May 21, In Georgia police killed Giorgy Krialashvili, a former military officer accused of plotting mutiny, and wounded two others in an overnight gunbattle. Protesters condemned the shootings and blocked Tbilisi streets in the seventh week of an anti-government campaign.
    (AP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 8 US-backed Sunni paramilitaries as they waited in a line to receive salaries at an Iraqi military base in the northern city of Kirkuk. A bomb exploded inside a police station in western Baghdad, killing 2 policemen and wounding 19 others. 3 American soldiers were killed in a bombing in Baghdad that also killed 12 Iraqis.
    (AP, 5/21/09)(SFC, 5/22/09, p.A4)
2009        May 21, Israeli security forces demolished a minor Jewish settlement outpost in the West Bank, three days after President Barack Obama told visiting Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that he must halt settlement activity.
    (AP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, Japan’s PM Taro Aso again urged the public to stay calm as a total of 292 swine flu cases were reported, including the third in greater Tokyo, the world's largest urban area.
    (AFP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, Fathi al-Jahmi, Libyan dissident and human rights activist repeatedly imprisoned in Libya for defying the country's leader Moammar Gadhafi, died after being released earlier this month to Jordan. He never regained consciousness after having slipped into a coma following a stroke on May 4 in a Libyan jail. He was sentenced to death in 2006 for failing to recognize Gadhafi's authority, and remained behind bars until his release to Jordan.
    (AP, 5/22/09)
2009        May 21, Nepal's Maoists agreed to stop blocking parliamentary proceedings so lawmakers can choose a new government to ease the country's political crisis. Lawmakers from the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) said that although they had agreed to lift their protests, they would permanently end them only if the chamber takes up a motion censuring President Ram Baran Yadav.
    (AP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, New Zealand police launched an international search for Leo Gao, a businessman, and his girlfriend, Kara Hurring, who allegedly took money and ran after the Westpac Bank in Rotorua mistakenly put 10 million New Zealand dollars ($6.1 million) into their account. The couple managed to flee the country with about $2.3 million. Hurring returned to New Zealand voluntarily in Feb, 2011. She faced trial in 2012 on charges of stealing NZ$11,000 and money laundering HK$1.5 million ($192,000) in Macau. Hui (Leo) Gao was arrested by Hong Kong border patrol on Sep 29 as he tried to enter the territory from China.
    (AP, 5/21/09)(AP, 5/22/09)(AFP, 9/30/11)(AFP, 5/15/12)
2009        May 21, Pakistan said five soldiers and an unspecified number of "miscreants-terrorists" were killed in battles in several parts of the Swat valley during the previous 24 hours. Seven militants were captured.
    (AP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, South Korea’s Supreme Court said that doctors treating a comatose woman (76) must remove her from life support as her family requested, the first time it has ruled in favor of a patient's right to die.
    (AP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, Sri Lanka said it planned to return most of the nearly 300,000 civilians displaced by civil war to their homes this year as the president called on the country to be magnanimous in victory.
    (AP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, Sudan announced the results of a nationwide census seen as crucial to prepare constituencies for elections next year, but which former southern rebels said they would reject. The census showed Sudan to have a total population of 39,154,490, with 8,260,490 or 21 percent living in the south.
    (AFP, 5/21/09)
2009        May 21, In Venezuela police and soldiers raided a property belonging to the head of the only anti-government news network amid a growing confrontation between the station and President Hugo Chavez's government.
    (AP, 5/22/09)
2009        May 21, Zimbabwe’s PM Morgan Tsvangirai said the unity government has agreed on key appointments in an attempt to resolve the political impasse that has paralyzed the new administration.
    (AP, 5/21/09)

2010        May 21, In San Francisco the city planning commission approved a plan to open a medical marijuana facility in the Sunset District, despite objections by area residents.
    (SFC, 5/22/10, p.C1)
2010        May 21, The Texas State Board of Education adopted a social studies and history curriculum that amended or watered down the teaching of civil rights, slavery, America’s relationship with the UN and hundreds of other items.
    (SFC, 5/22/10, p.A6)
2010        May 21, European Union finance ministers started laying out new, tougher rules for their public finances in the hopes of winning back market confidence and preventing a repeat of the debt crisis that is threatening the euro.
    (AP, 5/21/10)
2010        May 21, In Bolivia retired Gen. Gary Prado, famous for capturing Ernesto "Che" Guevara, was ordered held under house arrest in connection with an alleged plot against President Evo Morales. Prosecutors alleged that Prado had exchanged "ultrasecret" encrypted e-mail with Eduardo Rozsa, a Bolivian-born Hungarian who was slain in an April 2009 raid by an elite police unit.
    (AP, 5/22/10)
2010        May 21, In China some 1900 workers at a Honda auto parts factory in Guangdong province went on strike demanding higher pay. Monthly pay at the facility in Foshan city was about $117 per month. Similar companies paid between $292 and $365 a month. Honda announced a settlement on June 4.
    (www.china.org.cn/business/2010-05/28/content_20133668.htm)(SSFC, 5/30/10, p.A4)(AP, 6/4/10)
2010        May 21, Three Americans jailed in Iran for 10 months met with their mothers a second time as Iranian authorities used their visit to underline their complaints about their own citizens detained by the United States.
    (AP, 5/21/10)
2010        May 21, In Iraq a car bombing at an open-air market in Khalis, a Shiite town northeast of Baghdad, left 30 people dead. A US Division-North soldier was killed near Mosul in an incident that was put under investigation.
    (AP, 5/22/10)
2010        May 21, In Indian Kashmir thousands of people turned out to pay tribute to two slain separatist leaders as a one-day strike called to mark the occasion closed shops and businesses.
    (AFP, 5/21/10)
2010        May 21, Mexican officials said Jose Manuel Garcia, a senior member of the Sinaloa cartel, one of Mexico's largest criminal gangs, has been arrested along with a cache of weapons, money and drugs.
    (AFP, 5/21/10)
2010        May 21, Nigerian officials and residents said hundreds of Niger nationals, mostly women and children, have flooded into the country in search of food.
    (AFP, 5/22/10)
2010        May 21, Norwegian browser developer Opera Software said it is moving its data processing capacity to a newly-built center in Iceland, one of the first foreign investment deals for the crisis-hit island as it tries to rebuild its economy.
    (AP, 5/21/10)
2010        May 21, Pakistani protesters shouted "Death to Facebook", "Death to America" and burnt US flags, venting growing anger over "sacrilegious" caricatures of the Prophet Mohammed on the Internet.
    (AP, 5/21/10)
2010        May 21, Two Palestinian militants, Nader Abu Dakkar (17) and Hamdi Abu Hammad (17) infiltrated Israel from the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip but were killed in a firefight with Israeli troops. The Israeli military launched aerial raids overnight in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, following a rocket attack the previous evening. No one was injured or killed in the sorties.
    (AP, 5/21/10)(AFP, 5/21/10)(AFP, 5/22/10)
2010        May 21, Spain convicted 3 members of Basque separatist group ETA of detonating a car bomb at Madrid airport in 2006 that killed two Ecuadorians.
    (Reuters, 5/21/10)
2010        May 21, In southern Sudan President Salva Kiir was sworn in eight months ahead of a scheduled referendum on whether the south will secede from the north. The south and the northern government, led by Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, must still negotiate how the two regions will share oil revenues and divide access to the Nile River waters before the referendum.
    (AP, 5/21/10)
2010        May 21, Yemen’s Pres. Saleh extended an olive branch to the opposition, offering to form a national unity government and announcing an amnesty for imprisoned southern separatists and Shiite rebels.
    (AFP, 5/22/10)

2011        May 21, Hackers launched a "significant and tenacious" cyber attack on Lockheed Martin, a major defense contractor holding highly sensitive information.
    (AP, 5/29/11)
2011        May 21, It was reported that a mutated form of equine herpes virus-1 has killed at least 7 horses and sickened another 37 in 8 states including 14 in California.
    (SFC, 5/21/11, p.D1)
2011        May 21, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least 6 medical students and wounded 23 more at a military hospital in a heavily-guarded area of Kabul. 3 Afghan policemen were killed and 3 wounded when their vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in the western province of Herat. A border police officer was killed when his vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Iran's Intelligence Ministry claimed that it has arrested at least 30 people allegedly linked to a CIA-run spy network in accusations that also could spill over into the country's deepening political power struggles.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Iranian dissident Mohammad Rasoulof won the Cannes prize for best director in the Un Certain Regard section but could not attend because of "Kafkaesque" authorities at home.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In northern Iraq violence in the disputed province of Kirkuk left five people dead, just two days after a string of anti-police attacks in the region killed 29.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In Ivory Coast Alassane Ouattara was inaugurated as the president, in a ceremony meant to mark the return of constitutional order and the end of a political standoff that sparked a conflict that killed hundreds earlier this year.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, The leaders of Japan, China and South Korea travelled to Fukushima in a show of solidarity over the ongoing nuclear crisis, visiting evacuees left homeless by the quake and tsunami.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In Malaysia a landslide left 15 boys and one adult dead at an orphanage for ethnic Malay Muslim boys in a village in central Selangor state. 9 people survived.
    (AP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Mexican marines were confronted when passing by what proved to be a gang safe house in the Durango state capital, also named Durango. Gunmen fired at the marines, who shot back then rushed into the house, killing three alleged criminals.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 21, In the Netherlands the Salesian order's top official, Delegate Herman Spronck, confirmed in a statement that a priest, identified by RTL Nieuws as 73-year-old "Father Van B.," had served on the board of "Martijn," a group that campaigns to end the Dutch ban on adult-child sex.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il was said to have visited an industrial city in northeastern China and appeared headed to Beijing by train on the second day of a mysterious trip to his country's most important ally.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In the Khyber region of Pakistan a bomb attack on a NATO fuel tanker headed to Afghanistan sparked a huge fire that killed 15 people who had been scrambling to collect petrol leaking out from the bombed-out vehicle. 11 other NATO supply vehicles, "most of them oil tankers," were destroyed at a terminal in nearby Torkham town.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Palestinian officials said that Israel's dismissive response to President Barack Obama's new Mideast peace proposal proves there's not enough common ground for meaningful negotiations.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Masked Palestinians shot dead Omar Helwan (32) of Beit Dajan village. The West Bank man was suspected of spying for Israel. This was the second such killing in the occupied territory this month.
    (Reuters, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Russia's oil pipeline monopoly said it would appeal a court ruling ordering it to release board meeting minutes, saying an anti-corruption blogger wanted the information as part of a conspiracy against Russia.
    (Reuters, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Seychelles' incumbent President James Michel said he was confident of re-election as residents of the archipelago's three main islands voted on the final day of a three-day polling. Michel from the ruling Lepep party took 55 percent of the vote.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Southern Sudan's army said the northern army is bombing by air for a second day in the border hotspot of Abyei. Local officials said at least six rebels and soldiers have been killed in clashes between the southern army and rebels over the last 24 hours in Unity state. Northern Sudanese forces with tanks occupied the disputed town of Abyei, scattering southern troops that were there as part of a joint security unit.
    (AP, 5/21/11)(AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Spanish protesters furious over soaring unemployment remained camped in a Madrid square after all-night festivities in defiance of a 48-hour ban ahead of local elections.
    (AFP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In Syria at least five people were killed while marching during the funeral procession of several people among 44 killed during protests a day earlier.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Thailand police arrested a man suspected of being a key player in one of Thailand's largest tiger trafficking rings.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 21, Six senior politicians in a Turkish opposition party resigned amid a sex video scandal that could have far-reaching consequences in elections on June 12.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, In Venezuela inmates at a Caracas prison freed the warden and 14 other officers after holding them hostage for more than a day.
    (AP, 5/21/11)
2011        May 21, Yemeni Pres. Ali Abdullah Saleh condemned a US-backed proposal by Gulf Arab nations that he step down, calling it "a coup over legitimacy," and warning of an al-Qaida takeover if he leaves office. The deal would give Saleh immunity from prosecution if he steps down within 30 days.
    (AP, 5/21/11)

2012        May 21, US Roman Catholic leaders filed federal lawsuits against the Obama administration mandate that employers provide workers birth control coverage.
    (SFC, 5/22/12, p.A7)
2012        May 21, A "threats report" was released by McAfee showed that the number of new pieces of malicious code, or "malware," targeting Windows machines in the first three months of this year was the highest in four years. There was also a rise in malware aimed at mobile gadgets running on Google-backed Android software and at Macintosh computers based on Apple operating systems.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 21, In Natchez, Mississippi, a gang fight at the privately Adams County Correctional Center for illegal immigrants escalated into a riot involving as many as 300 inmates. One guard was beaten to death.
    (SFC, 5/22/12, p.A6)
2012        May 21, In Colombia 12 soldiers were killed in an ambush by alleged FARC rebels near the Venezuelan border.
    (SFC, 5/22/12, p.A2)
2012        May 21, An Egyptian court sentenced 12 Christians to life in prison and acquitted 8 Muslims in relations to the April, 2010, strife in Minya province that left 2 Muslims dead.
    (SFC, 5/22/12, p.A2)
2012        May 21, Guinea police seized over 800 pieces of ivory, including sculptures and elephant tusks, in the capital Conakry during raids beginning May 19 that led to six arrests.
    (AFP, 5/25/12)
2012        May 21, In Honduras Juan Carlos Bonilla Valladares (46), nicknamed "The Tiger," was named police chief as part of President Porfirio Lobo's efforts to reform a department that is widely accused of killings and human rights violations. A 10-year-old report on Bonilla Valladares soon resurfaced in widely distributed emails and on a local website. The report named him in at least 3 killings or forced disappearances between 1998 and 2002 and said he was among several officers suspected in 11 other cases.
    (AP, 6/1/12)
2012        May 21, Lebanese Sunni groups supporting and opposing the Damascus regime fired rocket-propelled grenades and machine guns in Beirut, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 21, Mali’s interim President Dioncounda Traore suffered a head wound after an attack by protesters and was taken to a hospital. Traore was released from the hospital a few hours later.
    (AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 21, North Korea’s official Central News Agency expressed concern about drought in western areas, which it said had received little rainfall in the past few weeks. A Seoul-based online newspaper said some residents even in the southwestern rice belt have starved to death.
    (AFP, 5/21/12)
2012        May 21, Palestinian security forces arrested 10 members of the Islamic Jihad in the Jenin refugee camp.
    (AFP, 5/21/12)
2012        May 21, Papua New Guinea's Supreme Court called for veteran leader Sir Michael Somare (76) to be reinstated over PM Peter O'Neill. 2 of the 5 justices abstained from taking part in the ruling.
    (AFP, 5/21/12)
2012        May 21, Syrian forces ambushed and killed nine army deserters in a north Damascus suburb, as NATO ruled out military action against the regime of President Bashar al-Assad. A bomb struck a restaurant late in the in Damascus killing at least five people.
    (AFP, 5/21/12)(AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 21, In Tunisia military police confiscated the cameras of Ramzi Bettaieb, who works for Nawaat, a collective blog, when he filmed the trial of Ben Ali and 22 co-accused in the northwestern town of Kef over their role in crushing anti-regime protests. On May 28 he launched a hunger strike to defend press freedom.
    (AFP, 6/5/12)
2012        May 21, A group of Ukrainians announced a project to provide free accommodation, translation and other services to foreign football fans attending next month's European Championship. UEFA President Michel Platini has called on the government to stop "bandits and crooks" from ripping off fans with exorbitant accommodation prices. Euro 2012, jointly held with Poland, begins June 8.
    (AP, 5/21/12)
2012        May 21, In Yemen a suicide bombing at a military parade rehearsal in Sanaa killed 96 soldiers and left some 200 wounded. The bombing appeared to be a failed assassination attempt against Minister of Defense, Maj. Gen. Mohammed Nasser Ahmed, who arrived at the city square for the parade just minutes before the blast ripped through the area.
    (AP, 5/21/12)(SFC, 5/22/12, p.A4)(AP, 7/24/12)

2013        May 21, A US federal appeals court struck down Arizona’s ban on abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
    (SFC, 5/22/13, p.A7)
2013        May 21, It was reported that NASA has given a six-month grant to a company developing what could be the world’s first 3-D food printer. And the project’s developer, reports Quartz, an online digital news site, believes the invention could be used to end world hunger.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mhbdgwh)
2013        May 21, Rob Rhinehart (24) raised $100,000 in after requesting donations on Twitter for support to manufacture Soylent, an artificial food substance. Over 1,000 backers overnight pledged $65 for a week’s supply.
    (SSFC, 5/26/13, p.D2)
2013        May 21, Microsoft Corp. said it is expanding its services for hosting and processing online data in Australia with the establishment of two new "cloud" computing data centers in the country.
    (Reuters, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, In western Afghanistan a powerful roadside bomb killed six policemen when their vehicle hit the explosives buried in the road in Herat province. Gunmen kidnapped Khobi Khan (60), the father of the national cricket team captain near his home in Jalalabad.
    (AP, 5/21/13)(AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 21, New York-based Human Rights Watch said 600 females are now detained in Afghanistan under charges listed as moral crimes, a catch-all category that covers running away from home and sex outside of marriage. It said the number of females behind bars has jumped by 50% since late 2012.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, In Argentina 3 former Ford Motor Co. executives were charged with crimes against humanity for allegedly targeting union workers for kidnapping and torture after the country's 1976 military coup.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, A Canadian Pacific derailment spilled 575 barrels of crude oil near Jansen, Saskatchewan. The line reopened the next day as clean up continued.
    (Reuters, 5/22/13)
2013        May 21, Chinese boat owner Yu Xuejun said gunmen wearing North Korean military uniforms released his fishing boat after holding its crew since May 5, beating up the captain and stealing the vessel's fuel. He added that the hijackers did not get the 600,000 yuan ($100,000) ransom they had demanded.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, In CongoDRC fighting between the M23 rebels and the army continued for a second day the eastern provincial capital of Goma. The clashes have so far killed 20 people, all of them either soldiers or rebels.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, Egypt's president signed a new tax law that cut the amount paid by poorer Egyptians in the latest move aimed at reforming the country's economy.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, In India Chinese Premier Li Keqiang told Indian business leaders that developing stronger economic ties between their two nations would have huge benefits for both sides.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, Iran’s Guardian Council approved eight hopefuls, most of them hard-line candidates associated with the clerical establishment. It barred ex-president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani (78), a centrist who had revitalized reformist hopes as well as Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei, the top aide of Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, In Iraq new attacks killed 7 people and wounded dozens more in Tarmiyah, Tuz Khormato and Kirkuk. A car bomb targeting worshippers in Baghdad’s western neighborhood of Abu Ghraib, killed 10 people and left 21 wounded. A bomb also targeted a tea house in Baghdad's mainly Sunni southern Dora neighborhood, killing 3 people and wounding 14.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta received a long-awaited Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission report whose findings showed that his father, the country's first president, presided over a government responsible for numerous human rights violations, including political assassinations and illegal allocation of land. The report also finds that two former presidents, Daniel Arap Moi and Mwai Kibaki, who succeeded the late Jomo Kenyatta, presided over governments responsible for massacres, economic crimes and large-scale corruption, among other violations.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 21, Kyrgyzstan's President Almazbek Atambayev reaffirmed that next year the Central Asian nation will evict the US air base that supports military operations in nearby Afghanistan.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 21, A Myanmar court sentenced 7 Muslims to prison, one of them to a life term, in the killing of a Buddhist monk. Deadly sectarian violence has been overwhelmingly directed against minority Muslims but has not led to any criminal trials against members of the country's Buddhist majority.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, Saudi Arabia executed five Yemenis convicted of crimes and displayed their bodies in public as a deterrent for future criminals. A sixth man, a Saudi, was executed for murder.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, In South Africa a forced auction to pay off a debt of Nelson Mandela's ex-wife failed to take place because no one would open her home to the sheriff.
    (AP, 5/21/13)
2013        May 21, Syrian activists said 3 members of Lebanon's militant Hezbollah group died of wounds sustained while fighting for control of Qusair, as the battle in the area raged for its third straight day. This made 31 Hezbollah fighters, at least 68 Syrian rebels and 9 Syrian army soldiers killed in the fighting since May 19. Three people were killed and 24 others wounded in mortar attacks Mleiha, near Damascus.
    (AP, 5/21/13)

2014        May 21, In California a bus crashed west of Blythe near the Arizona border after it struck a load of metal pipes that had just tumbled from a flatbed truck. 4 passengers were killed and at least 7 seriously injured.
    (SFC, 5/22/14, p.A6)
2014        May 21, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters launched overnight attacks in several provinces, killing at least 10 policemen and 3 civilians. Villagers also found the bodies of 8 slain policemen who were abducted by militants two weeks ago.
    (AP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, In Albania fourteen fired civil servants launched a hunger strike outside the government headquarters in protest at what they say is a politically motivated cull of workers. They won backing from the main opposition Democratic Party, which accused the Socialist-led government of firing 7,000 people from public-sector posts since coming to power eight months ago.
    (AP, 5/22/14)
2014        May 21, In Brazil civil police in 14 states went on a 24-hour strike demanding higher pay. A strike by Sao Paulo bus drivers demanding higher pay began losing steam as it entered a second day.
    (AP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, Brazil and a host of governmental and private partners agreed to create a $215 million fund to expand protected areas of the Amazon rain forest by more than 34,000 square miles and to help pay for its management over the next 25 years.
    (SFC, 5/22/14, p.A2)
2014        May 21, China signed a landmark deal to buy Russian natural gas worth about $400 billion, giving a boost to diplomatically isolated President Vladimir Putin and expanding Moscow's ties with Asia.
    (AP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, China’s state-owned Commercial Aircraft Corp. said it is ready to deliver the country’s first homegrown regional airliner, the ARJ21-700, to Chengdu Airlines.
    (SSFC, 5/25/14, p.D2)
2014        May 21, A Czech Rep. court in Zin sentenced 10 men up to life in prison for being responsible for a 2012 wave of methanol poisoning that killed dozens of people.
    (AP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, In Egypt a criminal court convicted former Pres. Hosni Mubarak of diverting millions of dollars in public money for his personal use.
    (SFC, 5/22/14, p.A2)
2014        May 21, An Egyptian court sentenced 155 Muslim Brotherhood supporters to jail terms and gave 54 of them life sentences in a case related to violence in the Nile Delta province of Mansour last August.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, In Italy Milan's 5,000 taxi drivers sought curbs on San Francisco-based Uber as representatives met with the transport minister. Milan's taxis have been idle for five days to protest Uber’s ride-hailing app.
    (AP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, In Libya at least 2 people were killed when heavy fighting erupted near Tripoli. Heavy fighting involving anti-aircraft batteries also broke out near an army camp in Tajoura, an eastern suburb.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, Mali launched a military offensive to retake control of a northern Tuareg separatist stronghold. Witnesses reported intense fighting with machine gun and heavy weapons fire in Kidal. At least 50 Malian soldiers were killed and 30 wounded in a failed attempt to retake the Tuareg separatist stronghold. Another 50 were taken prisoner and some 900 surrendered their weapons and sought refuge at a UN post.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)(Reuters, 5/23/14)(Econ, 5/31/14, p.39)
2014        May 21, Mexican authorities said they have rescued 35 people who had been kidnapped and held for ransom in Guerrero state. 4 suspected kidnappers were arrested.
    (SFC, 5/22/14, p.A2)
2014        May 21, Pakistani warplanes and helicopters pounded militant hideouts in Mir Ali, North Waziristan, killing 60 fighters.
    (AP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, In Pakistan thousands of women, children and activists marched in Baluchistan in a protest against a campaign by Tanzeemul Islam-ul-Furqan (Organization of Islam for the Koran) to force schools to shut down across the region.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin said he ordered troops to pull out from the regions near Ukraine to help create a positive environment ahead of the nation's presidential vote. Putin spoke from Shanghai, China, where he attended a security summit.
    (AP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, South Korea offered a $50,000 reward for information about Yoo Byung-eun (73), a mysterious missing billionaire, who authorities say owns a ferry that sank last April 16, leaving more than 300 people dead or missing. Yoo faced allegations of tax evasion, embezzlement and professional negligence.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 21, In Taiwan a university student (21) wielding a knife attacked riders aboard a subway train in Taipei, killing 4 people and injuring at least 21 others.
    (AP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, In Tajikistan 2 people in the eastern city of Khorog were killed when police opened fire on a crowd that tried to storm a police station to free a local man, the brother of a former warlord, held there and then went on to set fire to several government buildings.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, Thailand's army chief assumed the role of mediator by summoning the country's key political rivals for face-to-face talks one day after imposing martial law.
    (AP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, Transparency International said South Asia is the most corrupt region of the world and governments must strengthen their anti-graft agencies to prevent political interference and protect whistleblowers. The watchdog group found serious problems with anti-corruption efforts in Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 5/21/14)
2014        May 21, Jaime Lusinchi (89), former Venezuelan president (1984-1989), died in Caracas. He had struggled to tame an economic crisis sparked by plunging oil prices in the late 1980s and then saw his reputation tarnished by allegations of corruption after leaving office.
    (AP, 5/22/14)
2014        May 21, Vietnamese PM Nguyen Tan Dung said Vietnam and the Philippines are determined to oppose Chinese infringement of their territorial waters.
    (Reuters, 5/21/14)

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