Today in History - May 22

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337        May 22, Constantine (47), convert to Christianity and Emperor of Rome (306-37), died. He had made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire and had the Chapel of the Burning Bush built in the Sinai Desert at the site where Moses was believed to have witnessed the Miracle of the Burning Bush. He was baptized just before death.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.92)(PCh, 1992, p.48)(MC, 5/22/02)

760        May 22, The 14th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet occurred.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

987        May 22, Louis V le Faineant (20), the Lazy, king of France (986-87), was allegedly poisoned by his mother. [see May 21]
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1176        May 22, There was a murder attempt by "Assassins" (hashish-smoking mountain killers) on Saladin near Aleppo.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1246        May 22, Henry Raspe was elected anti-king by the Rhenish prelates in France.
    (HN, 5/22/98)

1370        May 22, Jews were expelled (massacred) from Brussels, Belgium.
    (MC, 5/22/02)   

1455        May 22, King Henry VI was taken prisoner by the Yorkists at the Battle of St. Albans, the 1st battle in the 30-year War of the Roses. The army of the Duke of York met the army of Queen Margaret at the Battle of St. Alban’s. The 2nd Duke of Somerset was killed as Yorkists briefly took possession of King Henry VI.
    (MH, 12/96)(HN, 5/22/99)(MC, 5/22/02)

1761        May 22, The first life insurance policy in the United States was issued, in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 5/22/97)

1803        May 22, The 1st US public library opened in Connecticut.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1804        May 22, The Lewis and Clark Expedition officially began as the Corps of Discovery departed from St. Charles, Missouri. [see May 14]
    (HN, 5/22/99)

1807        May 22, The treason trial of former VP Aaron Burr began in Richmond, Va. [see Sep 1]
    (PCh, 1992, p.367)(MC, 5/22/02)
1807        May 22, Townsend Speakman 1st sold fruit-flavored carbonated drinks in Phila.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1813        May 22, Richard Wagner, German composer, conductor and writer, was born in Leipzig, Germany. He composed "The Flying Dutchman."
    (AP, 5/22/97)(HN, 5/22/99)

1819        May 22, The first steam-propelled vessel to attempt a trans-Atlantic crossing, the Savannah, departed from Savannah, Ga. It arrived in Liverpool, England, June 20.
    (AP, 5/22/97)

1828        May 22, Albrecht von Grafe, German eye surgeon, founder of modern ophthalmology, was born.
    (HN, 5/22/01)

1843        May 22, The 1st wagon train with over 1000 people departed Independence, Missouri for Oregon. Known as the "Great Emigration," the expedition came two years after the first modest party of settlers made the long, overland journey to Oregon.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1845        May 22, Mary Cassatt (d.1926), American impressionist painter and printmaker, was born in Alleghany, Pa. Much of Cassatt’s early life was spent in Europe with her wealthy family. She attended the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts from 1861 to 1865 and worked briefly with Charles Joshua Chaplin in Paris, but preferred working her own way and copying old masters. She was a close friend of and greatly influenced by Edgar Degas. He admired her entry in the Salon of 1874, and at his invitation she joined the Impressionists and afterward showed her works at their exhibits. Degas’ influence is apparent in Cassatt’s mastery of drawing and in her unposed, asymmetrical compositions. Initially, Cassatt was a figure painter whose subjects were groups of women drinking tea or on outings with friends. After the great exhibition of Japanese prints held in Paris in 1890, she brought out her series of 10 colored prints, such as "Woman Bathing," and "The Coiffure," in which the influence of the Japanese masters Utamaro and Toyokuni is apparent. Cassatt urged her wealthy American friends and relatives to buy Impressionist paintings, and in this way, more than through her own works, she exerted a lasting influence on American taste. She was largely responsible for selecting the works that make up the H.O. Havemeyer Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.30)(AHD, p.209)(FAMSF, Mar, 98)

1856        May 22, Charles Cora, a gambler, and James Casey, a member of the SF Board of supervisors, were hanged by the SF Committee of Vigilance led by merchant Charles Doane, following a drumhead trial at “Fort Gunnybags," the vigilante headquarters on Sacramento St. There was widespread belief that Cora and Casey were “in cahoots" with then sheriff David Scannel. Cora was in jail for recently killing US Marshal William H. Richardson, who had drunkenly insulted Cora's mistress, Belle Ryan.
    (GenIV, Winter 04/05)(SFC, 6/12/10, p.C1)(SFC, 6/14/14, p.C1)
1856        May 22, Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner was assaulted on the Senate floor by South Carolina’s Preston Brooks. Representative Brooks, a pro-slavery Democrat from South Carolina, used a cane to attack Senator Charles Sumner, a Republican abolitionist from Mass. Sumner was beaten unconscious and was unable to resume duties for 3 years. Brooks resigned from his seat but was re-elected. Sumner's injuries in the attack compelled his absence from the Senate until December, 1859.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A6)(HNQ, 7/7/99)

1859        May 22, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (d.1930), author of the Sherlock Holmes series, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. He wrote 4 novels featuring Sherlock Holmes. "Mediocrity knows nothing higher than itself, but talent instantly recognizes genius." In 1999 Daniel Stashower published the biography: "Teller of Tales."
    (AP, 6/17/97)(HN, 5/22/98)(WSJ, 4/12/99, p.A21)

1860        May 22, In Lebanon a small group of Maronites fired on a group of Druzes at the entrance to Beirut, killing one and wounding two. This sparked off a torrent of violence which swept through Lebanon.

1861        May 22, Union Major General Benjamin F. Butler took command of Fort Monroe on the southern tip of the Virginia peninsula.
    (ON, 2/12, p.1)

1863        May 22, The US War Dept. established the Bureau of Colored Troops.
    (MC, 5/22/02)
1863        May 22, U.S. Grant’s second attack on Vicksburg, Miss., failed and a siege began.
    (HN, 5/22/98)
1863        May 22, The Treaty of Coche was signed in Venezuela. Arms were laid down from the Federal War and a general assembly called at Victoria, which elected Juan Chrisostomo Falcon as president and Antonio Leocadio Guzman as vice president. The latter was at the same time secretary of the treasury, and went to London to negotiate a loan.

1864        May 22, Battle of North Anna River, VA.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1868        May 22, The Great Train Robbery took place near Marshfield, Ind., as seven members of the Reno gang made off with $96,000 ($98k) in cash, gold and bonds.
    (AP, 5/22/97)(HN, 5/22/02)

1872        May 22, The Amnesty Act restored civil rights to Southerners.
    (HN, 5/22/98)

1882        May 22, The United States formally recognized Korea.
    (HN, 5/22/98)

1885        May 22, Victor-Marie Hugo (b.1802), French novelist (Les Miserables) and poet, died. In 1998 Graham Robb published the biography: "Victor Hugo." Hugo also did a number of drawings, later appreciated by Andre Breton and Max Ernst, and in 1914 Henri Focillon published the first critical study of them. In 1998 Pierre Georgel and Marie-Laure Prevost published "Shadows of a Hand: The Drawings of Victor Hugo."
    (WSJ, 2/10/98, p.A16)(HN, 2/26/98)(SFEC, 5/31/98, BR p.4)(MC, 5/22/02)

1886        May 22, The cover of Harper’s Weekly featured an illustrated picture of a jousting match in San Francisco with a German-style castle in the background atop Telegraph Hill. The castle, known as Layman’s Folly (1883-1903), was built by Frederick O. Layman. He had also built a 1,400-foot cable car line up Greenwich St. from Powell to the summit of Telegraph Hill.
    (SFC, 3/8/14, p.C2)

1892        May 22, Dr. Washington Sheffield invented toothpaste tube.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1900        May 22, The Associated Press (founded in 1848) was incorporated in New York as a non-profit news cooperative.
    (AP, 5/22/00)

1906        May 22, Orville and Wilbur Wright were awarded U.S. Patent 821,393 for "new and useful improvement in Flying Machines." They had hired a patent attorney to refine their 1903 application. The first successful powered flight of the Wright Flyer took place on December 17, 1903.
    (HNQ, 3/19/01)

1907        May 22, Lord Laurence Olivier, English actor, was born in Dorking, Surrey. He made Shakespeare movies and was knighted in 1947.
    (HN, 5/22/99)(AP, 5/22/07)

1908        May 22, The SF Chronicle reported that US Army Pvt. William Bulwada had been found guilty and sentenced to 5 years in prison for having applauded for and shaken hands with anarchist Emma Goldman, pending approval by Gen. Funston.
    (SSFC, 5/18/08, DB p.58)
1908        May 22, The Wright brothers registered their flying machine for a U.S. patent.
    (HN, 5/22/98)

1915        May 22, Near Gretna, Scotland, a passenger train collided with a troop train, killing 227 people.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A15)(AP, 2/18/04)

1916        May 22, French troops occupied parts of Fort Douaumont, Verdun.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1920        May 22, Thomas Gold, astronomer, was born.
    (HN, 5/22/01)

1927        May 22, Peter Mathiessen, writer, was born.
    (HN, 5/22/01)
1927        cMay 22, Harlem dancer Shorty Snowden, during a dance marathon, named his dance step the Lindy Hop following the headlines "Lindy Hops the Atlantic."
    (WSJ, 5/7/99, p.W15)

1931        May 22, Canned rattlesnake meat 1st went on sale in Florida.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1933        May 22, John Browning, pianist (Leventritt Award-1956), was born in Denver, Colorado.
    (MC, 5/22/02)
1933        May 22, Loch Ness Monster was 1st "sighted" by John Mackay.
    (SFEC,12/797, p.T4)(MC, 5/22/02)

1936        May 22, M. Scott Peck (d.2005), psychiatrist and author of “The Road Less Traveled" (1978), was born in New York.
    (SFC, 9/28/05, p.B7)
1936        May 22, Alexander Mackay and Joseph Kristy were hanged at San Quentin prison. Mackay and Kristy had once kidnapped prison officials in an escape attempt.
    (SSFC, 5/22/11, DB p.46)

1938        May 22, Richard Benjamin, director, actor (Goodbye Columbus, He & She), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1939        May 22, The foreign ministers of Germany and Italy, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Galeazzo Ciano, signed a "Pact of Steel" committing Germany and Italy to a military alliance forming the Axis powers.
    (HN, 5/22/99)(AP, 5/22/07)

1940        May 22, Premier Winston Churchill flew to Paris.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1941        May 22, British troops attacked Baghdad.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1943        May 22, The 1st US jet fighter was tested. Lockheed Martin had picked Clarence Johnson, a Univ. of Michigan graduate (1932) to develop the nation’s 1st jet fighter. He had already designed the P-38 Lightning. Johnson and his staff developed a jet prototype, the Shooting Star, in 143 days.
    (MC, 5/22/02)(MT, Summer/04, p.7)
1943        May 22, Stalin disbanded the Komintern.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1947        May 22, The Truman Doctrine brought aid to Turkey and Greece. President Harry S. Truman relied heavily on Dean Acheson for his most significant foreign policy achievements.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1207)(AP, 5/22/97)(HN, 5/22/98)
1947        May 22, The 1st US ballistic missile was fired.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1950        May 22, Richard Strauss' "4 Last Songs" (4 letzte Lieder) were performed in London.

1957        May 22, South Africa government approved race separation in universities.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1960        May 22, Chile experienced a 9.5 earthquake (moment magnitude). A slow earthquake was detected just before the big one. It caused tsunamis in every coastal town between the 36th and 44th parallels with a death toll of some 1000 people.
    (PCh, 1992, p.977)(SFC, 9/6.96, p.A11)(Econ, 10/15/05, p.28)

1961        May 22, The 1st revolving restaurant, Top of The Needle in Seattle, opened.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1964        May 22, Pres. Johnson (LBJ) presented his “Great Society" speech at the Univ. of Mich.

1965        May 22, "Super-cali-fragil-istic-expi-ali-docious" hit #66.
    (MC, 5/22/02)
1965        May 22, Heinrich Barth, Swiss philosopher (Das Sein in der Zeit), died.
    (MC, 5/22/02)

1967        May 22, Egyptian president Nasser closed the Straits of Tiran to Israel.
1967        May 22, J. Langston Hughes (b.1902), poet laureate, US author (Tambourines to Glory), died of complications following surgery at NY Polyclinic Hospital.
    (SSFC, 7/25/04, p.F3)

1968        May 22, The nuclear-powered US submarine Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, sank in the Atlantic Ocean. It was declared lost on June 5. Remains of the sub were found in October on the ocean floor 400 miles southwest of the Azores.
    (AP, 5/22/07)(

1969        May 22, The lunar module of Apollo 10 separated from the command module and flew to within nine miles of the moon's surface in a dress rehearsal for the first lunar landing.
    (AP, 5/22/97)

1970        May 22, Joseph Wood Krutch (b.1893), American writer, critic, and naturalist, died. His books included “Measure of Man" (1954). “If people destroy something replaceable made by mankind, they are called vandals; if they destroy something irreplaceable made by God, they are called developers."

1971        May 22, A 6.9 earthquake in eastern Turkey killed about a thousand people.

1972        May 22, President Nixon began a visit to the Soviet Union, the 1st for a US president, during which he and Kremlin leaders signed the SALT I arms limitation treaty.
    (AP, 5/22/02)
1972        May 22, Dame Margaret Rutherford (b.1892), Academy Award-winning English character actress, died. Her numerous films included “Murder at the Gallop" (1963).
    (WSJ, 3/4/06, p.P2)(
1972        May 22, The island nation of Ceylon became the republic of Sri Lanka, which is Sinhala for resplendent land, with the adoption of a new constitution under PM Sirimavo Bandaranaike. Sinhala was made the official language and Buddhism the state religion.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A8)(AP, 5/22/97)(HNQ, 5/23/98)(SFC, 5/30/00, p.A25)

1973        May 22, President Nixon made a 4,000-word defense of his own actions in the Watergate scandal.
1973        May 22, Robert Metcalf (b.1946), at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), circulated a memo about his Ethernet ideas to PARC colleagues. He later fixed this day as the birthdate of Ethernet. Metcalf had combined packet switching from the Arpanet and single wire broadcasting to lay the foundations for computer networks. Bob Metcalf described ethernet for the 1st time in a patent memo.
    (Econ, 12/12/09, TQ p.23)(SFC, 10/25/00, p.A16)
1973        May 22, In Greece a coup was planned, but it was put off due to fears and hesitation. The Junta got wind of the conspiracy, many arrests were made and people were tortured. The destroyer HNS Velos followed the original alternative plan in case of failure and sailed to Italy.
    (SFC, 6/28/99, p.A19)(

1978        May 22, Italy legalized abortion. Voters upheld the law in a 1981 referendum.
    (, 5/13/12)

1979        May 22, Canadians went to the polls in parliamentary elections that put the Progressive Conservatives under Joseph Clark in power, ending the 11-year tenure of PM Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
    (AP, 5/22/97)(,_1979)

1980        May 22, In response to a request from the Governor of NY, President Carter declared a second federal emergency at Love Canal, paving the way for federal aid to relocate the more than 700 families who still lived near the former toxic waste dump.
1980        May 22, Larry Layton, former member of the People’s Temple, was acquitted of 2 charges of attempted murder by a jury in Georgetown, Guyana.
    (SFC, 5/20/05, p.F2)
1980        May 22, The computer game Pac-Man was first released in Japan. Pac-Man, with its characters: Blinky, Pinky, Inky and Clyde, epitomized the arcade games of the 1980s.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.E1)(

1985        May 22, Baseball player Pete Rose passed Hank Aaron as the National League run scoring leader with 2,108.
    (HN, 5/22/98)
1985        May 22, SF Mayor Diane Feinstein declared this day to be “James Bond Day" to honor the premier of “A View To Kill," a third of which was filmed in the city. Stars Roger Moore and Grace Jones were present along with the rock group Duran Duran, which sang the title song.
    (SSFC, 5/23/10, DB p.50)
1985        May 22, In Lebanon Michel Seurat, a French history researcher, was abducted. In 1986 the Islamic Jihad said he had been executed.
    (AP, 3/5/00)(AP, 3/7/06)

1986        May 22, Cher called David Letterman an asshole on Late Night on NBC.

1987        May 22, An Iraqi missile hit the American frigate USS Stark in the Persian Gulf. [see 5/17/87]
    (HN, 5/22/99)
1987        May 22, A deadly tornado devastated the small West Texas town of Saragosa, killing 30 people and injuring 162. The storm destroyed 61 houses and leveled the community center and church.
    (AP, 5/22/97)

1988        May 22, Janos Kadar, installed by the Soviet Union as head of Hungary's Communist Party in 1956, was replaced by Prime Minister Karoly Grosz.
    (AP, 5/22/98)

1989        May 22, In West Los Angeles football star O.J. Simpson (41) pleaded no contest to battering his wife, Nicole Simpson (29), during a New Years Day argument.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.A8)(SSFC, 5/18/14, DB p.50)
1989        May 22, More than 100 top Chinese military leaders vowed to refrain from entering Beijing to suppress pro-democracy demonstrations.
    (AP, 5/22/99)

1990        May 22, Microsoft released Windows 3.0.
1990        May 22, Boxer Rocky Graziano died in New York at age 71.
    (AP, 5/22/00)
1990        May 22, After years of conflict, pro-Western North Yemen and pro-Soviet South Yemen merged to form the Republic of Yemen. The North was conservative and the South was socialist. This day became an annual National Day holiday.
    (WSJ, 3/28/97, p.A1)(AP, 5/22/98)(AFP, 5/23/12)

1991        May 22, Sonia Gandhi, the Italian-born wife of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, was designated to lead his Congress Party through national elections, one day after his assassination. However, Mrs. Gandhi turned down the position.
    (AP, 5/22/01)

1992        May 22, Johnny Carson hosted NBC's "Tonight Show" for the last time after a reign lasting nearly 30 years, telling his audience: "I bid you a very heartfelt good night." Carson was succeeded by Jay Leno.
    (AP, 5/22/97)

1993        May 22, The United States, Russia, France, Britain and Spain agreed to enforce safe areas in Bosnia-Herzegovina, but stopped short of endorsing President Clinton's proposal to use military force.
    (AP, 5/22/98)

1994        May 22, A worldwide trade embargo against Haiti went into effect to punish Haiti's military rulers for not reinstating the country's ousted elected leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    (AP, 5/22/99)

1995        May 22, The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that states cannot limit service in Congress without amending the Constitution.
    (AP, 5/22/00)
1995        May 22, "The CBS Evening News" resumed a single-anchor format with Dan Rather, after Connie Chung was dropped from the broadcast.
    (AP, 5/22/00)

1996        May 22, President Clinton counterattacked against Republican criticism of his foreign policy during a commencement address at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy in New London, Conn.; the president then traveled to New York where he was cheered by sailors from four nations aboard the USS Intrepid.
    (AP, 5/22/97)
1996        May 22, A consortium led by Houston Industries, AES Corp., and Electricite de France purchased control of the Brazilian state owned electrical utility Light Servicos de Eletricidade SA for 1.7 bil.
    (WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-16)
1996        May 22, The Burmese military regime has jailed 71 supporters of Aung San Suu Kyi in a bid to block a pro-democracy meeting. General Maung Aye, commander and deputy chairman of the military regime warned that the government will annihilate anyone who disturbs peace and tranquility.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)
1996        May 22, China planned to spend $10.78 billion on its telecommunications industry this year. 24,800 miles of optical cable were scheduled for install.
    (WSJ, 5/22/96, p.A-16)
1996        May 22, Iraq reached an agreement with the UN to sell $2 billion in oil for 180 days to buy food and medicine.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)
1996        May 22, Amnesty International reported that Iraqi doctors were forced to cut off the ears of alleged deserters and that Kenyan doctors were pressured to ignore evidence of torture.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.A9)

1997        May 22, The US Postal Service released a Bugs Bunny commemorative stamp, the first animated character on a US stamp.
    (SFC, 5/22/97, p.A3)
1997        May 22, Kelly Flinn, the Air Force's first female bomber pilot certified for combat, accepted a general discharge, thereby avoiding court-martial on charges of lying, adultery and disobeying an order.
    (AP, 5/22/98)
1997        May 22, The defense began presenting its case in the Oklahoma City bombing trial of Timothy McVeigh.
    (AP, 5/22/98)
1997        May 22, The Christian Coalition began a campaign for a proposed "religious liberty" constitutional amendment.
    (SFC, 5/23/97, p.A5)
1997        May 22, In Algeria a car bomb killed 15 people in Boufarik south of the capital.
    (SFC, 5/23/97, p.A18)
1997        May 22, In Italy the Grand Princess was launched at the Fincantieri Monfalcone shipyard. It was the world’s largest passenger cruise ship at 109,000 gross tons and was scheduled for interior completion in the spring of 1998.
    (SFEC, 5/26/97, p.A11)
1997        May 22, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin fired defense minister Gen’l. Igor Rodionov and Viktor Samsanov, head of the general staff, for lack of military reforms.
    (SFC, 5/23/97, p.A1)

1998        May 22, Federal Judge Norma Holloway Johnson ruled that Secret Service agents could be compelled to testify before the grand jury in the Monica Lewinsky investigation.
    (AP, 5/22/99)
1998        May 22, John Derek, film director, died in Santa Maria, Ca. His wives included Pati Behrs, Ursula Andress, Linda Evans and Mary Cathleen Collins, better known as Bo Derek.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A23)
1998        May 22, A joint peacekeeping force was set up by 7 European nations to maintain peace in Kosovo. Deputy defense ministers of Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Greece, Italy, Romania and Turkey signed on after meeting in Tirana. Slovenia and the US signed on as observers.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A14)
1998        May 22, In Bolivia earthquakes destroyed hundreds of homes in central remote mountain towns and at least 60 people were killed.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A12)
1998        May 22, In Indonesia Gen’l. Wiranto emerged as defense minister and chief of the armed forces. He peacefully evicted student protestors from the Parliament and removed rival Gen’l. Prabowo, a son-in-law of Suharto, to a military college in Bandung
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A12)
1998        May 22, In Tijuana, Mexico, the workers of the Han Young auto parts factory went on strike. An attempted strike break and political maneuverings by the company were unsuccessful and the case was to be put before a judge.
    (SFC, 6/2/98, p.A10)
1998          May 22, A vote on the referendum on the Northern Ireland peace agreement was held in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Voters showed 71% support in Northern Ireland and 94% support in the Republic of Ireland.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.A12)(SFC, 5/23/98, p.A1)(SFEC, 5/24/98, p.A1)
1998        May 22, In Portugal just 12,000 people visited the Expo by midday on its first day. Organizers had predicted an average daily attendance of 140,000.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A14)

1999        May 22, In Colorado Columbine High School seniors wearing blue-and-silver gowns marched single file in a graduation ceremony that mixed celebration of the day with sorrow for victims of the recent massacre.
    (AP, 5/22/00)
1999        May 22, NATO bombed the Kolubara power plant 20 miles from Belgrade, which supplied most of the power to Belgrade and northern Serbia.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, p.A8)
1999        May 22, In Russia the new All Russia Party was formed in St. Petersburg in the Tauride Palace. Gov. Vladimir Yakovlev and Tatarstan Pres. Mintimir Shaimiyev gave the opening and closing speeches. The party favored greater state control of the economy, lower taxes and welfare policies that targeted the needy.
    (SFEC, 5/23/99, p.A22)

2000        May 22, The Supreme Court struck down, 5-to-4, a federal law that shielded children from sex-oriented cable TV channels.
    (AP, 5/22/01)
2000        May 22, A committee of the Arkansas Supreme Court recommended that President Clinton be disbarred for giving false testimony about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky in the Paula Jones sexual harassment case. Clinton later agreed to give up his Arkansas law license for five years.
    (AP, 5/22/01)
2000        May 22, In Israel the Supreme Court ruled that women may read out load from the Torah and wear a prayer shawl at the Western Wall. In 2003 the Supreme Court rejected the rule.
    (SFC, 5/23/00, p.A10)(SFC, 4/7/03, p.A12)
2000        May 22, Israel’s 22-year occupation of southern Lebanon crumbled as Islamic guerrillas and civilians laid claim to disputed lands.
    (SFC, 5/23/00, p.A1)
2000        May 22, In Liberia 29 captured UN peacekeepers were freed while in Sierra Leone a halt dozen men with UN uniforms and Zambian insignia were found dead.
    (SFC, 5/23/00, p.A10)
2000        May 22, In Nigeria fresh Christian-Muslim clashes left 3 people dead in Kaduna.
    (WSJ, 5/23/00, p.A1)
2000        May 22, In Peru election observers suspended monitoring preparations for elections. Alejandro Toledo formally pulled out of the race after his demand for an election postponement was rebuffed.
    (WSJ, 5/23/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/23/00, p.A12)
2000        May 22, Russia asserted that Afghanistan’s Taliban had signed an agreement with Chechen rebels and that it might launch air strikes against Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 5/23/00, p.A10)
2000        May 22, Pres. Putin abolished the chief agency for environmental protection and transferred its powers to a ministry that hands out oil and gas leases.
    (SFC, 5/23/00, p.A12)
2000        May 22, In Sri Lanka over 150 Tamil rebels were killed over 2 days of fighting for control in Jaffna. Norwegian Deputy Foreign Minister met with Foreign Minister Lakshman Kadirgamar in Colombo in an attempt to broker a peace.
    (SFC, 5/23/00, p.A12)
2000        May 22, In Yugoslavia a Serbian court convicted 143 ethnic Albanians from Djakovica, Kosovo, on terrorism charges for attacks against Serbian police during 1999 NATO bombings.
    (SFC, 5/23/00, p.A14)

2001        May 22, Ford Motor Co. said it planned to spend more than $2 billion to replace up to 13 million Firestone tires on its vehicles because of safety concerns.
    (AP, 5/22/02)
2001        May 22, It was reported that researchers had identified a gene linked to Crohn’s disease, an inflammatory bowel disorder.
    (WSJ, 5/22/01, p.A1)
2001        May 22, The Taliban of Afghanistan decreed an edict that would require non-Muslims to wear distinguishing clothing.
    (WSJ, 5/22/01, p.A1)(SFC, 5/23/01, p.A1)
2001        May 22, Ethnic Albanian rebels in southern Serbia began laying aside their weapons for collection by NATO.
    (SFC, 5/23/01, p.A12)
2001        May 22, In the Philippines 2 workers were killed at the Pearl Farms resort on Samal Island during an attack by suspected Muslim rebels. Guards repulsed the attack.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.C3)
2001        May 22, In Sweden delegates from 127 countries formally adopted a global treaty banning 12 toxic chemicals called persistent organic pollutants (POPS).
    (SFC, 5/23/01, p.C4)

2002        May 22, Pres. Bush arrived in Berlin on a 7-day trip to 4 countries.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A10)
2002        May 22, Bobby Frank Cherry (71), former Alabama Klansman, was convicted for the Sep 14, 1963, murder of 4 Black girls at the 16th Street Baptist Church. The jury sent him to prison for life.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A1)
2002        May 22, The remains of Chandra Levy, former intern to Calif. Rep. Gary Condit, were found in Rock Creek Park, Washington DC. She was last seen April 30, 2001.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A1)
2002        May 22, Robert Rhodes (68), former Florida dog track security guard, was charged in Alabama with cruelty to animals after the remains of some 3,000 greyhounds were found on his property.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A6)
2002        May 22, Pope John Paul (82) arrived in Azerbaijan for a 2-day visit before continuing on to Bulgaria. He hope to improve relations with the Muslim and Christian Orthodox believers.
    (WSJ, 5/22/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/23/02, p.A1)
2002        May 22, In Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber killed himself and 2 Israelis in Rishon Letzion, a Tel Aviv suburb. Some 3 dozen people were injured. A Ukrainian Christian woman, previously misidentified, and her Palestinian husband drove the suicide bomber to the site. Irena Plitzik said she did not know about the suicide mission. A 2nd bomber, Tauurya Hamamra, backed out.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 5/23/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A1)(SFC, 5/31/02, p.A10)(SSFC, 6/2/02, p.A11)
2002        May 22, Kyrgyzstan Pres. Akayev accepted the resignation of PM Kurmanbek Bakiev and his entire government amid protests over clashes with police that killed 6 people in March.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A12)(Econ, 3/26/05, p.44)
2002        May 22, In Nepal King Gyanendra dissolved parliament and ordered elections due to rifts over a proposed extension of emergency rule.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A12)
2002        May 22, Philippine police in Cotabato city arrested Noor Mohammad Umog, a Muslim Abu Sayyaf leader.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A16)
2002        May 22, A US-led int'l. commission condemned the Sudanese government for allowing slavery to flourish. Bondage to pay off debts still existed.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A15)
2002        May 22, A UN environmental report said population growth was slowing but that severe water shortages should be expected in the Middle East over the next generation and biodiversity will continue to be damaged in many world regions. Ocean degradation was also noted.
    (SFC, 5/23/02, p.A6)

2003        May 22, Annika Sorenstam became the first woman since Babe Didrikson Zaharias in 1945 to tee off against the men on the pro tour, playing in the first round of the Colonial golf tournament in Fort Worth, Texas. Sorenstam missed the cut the next day by four shots.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2003        May 22, LeBron James, high school basketball star, agreed to a deal with Nike worth more than $90 million.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 22, Maryland Gov. Robert Ehrlich signed a bill that reduced criminal penalties for seriously ill people who smoke marijuana to a maximum $100 and no jail time.
    (SFC, 5/23/03, p.A5)
2003        May 22, NASA released the 1st photo of Earth taken from Mars, 86 million miles away. The record distance was a 1990 shot by Voyager 1 from 4 billion miles.
    (WSJ, 5/23/03, p.A1)
2003        May 22, In Colombia Government troops killed at least 29 rebels in a two-day battle in eastern Colombia.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 22, Iceland PM David Oddsson announced that he will step down in September 2004 in favor of the current foreign minister, who leads the other party in his coalition government.
    (AP, 5/22/03)
2003        May 22, The UN Security Council overwhelmingly approved an end to 13-year-old sanctions against Iraq and gave the United States and Britain extraordinary powers to run the country and its lucrative oil industry. Security Council Resolution 1483 identified the US and Britain as “occupying powers" in Iraq.
    (AP, 5/22/03)(Econ, 4/19/08, p.102)

2004        May 22, Filmmaker Michael Moore's "Fahrenheit 9/11," a scathing indictment of White House actions after the Sept. 11 attacks, won the top prize at the Cannes Film Festival. It was the first documentary to win Cannes' prestigious Palme d'Or since Jacques Cousteau's and Louis Malle's "The Silent World" in 1956.
    (AP, 5/23/04)
2004        May 22, Samuel Johnson (76), who'd built the family's SC Johnson wax company into a consumer products giant, died.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2004        May 22, An Arab League summit met for a 2-day session in Tunis. 8 Arab leaders, including Crown Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, failed to show up and Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi walked out on the 1st day.
    (AP, 5/23/04)
2004        May 22, The Commonwealth of Britain and its former colonies lifted a four-year suspension of Pakistan.
    (AP, 5/22/04)
2004        May 22, A bomb planted by suspected rebels exploded in a crowded discotheque in northwest Colombia, killing at least six people and wounding 82.
    (AP, 5/23/04)
2004        May 22, In Baghdad a car bomb exploded outside the home of a deputy interior minister, wounding him and killing at least five people, including four police.
    (AP, 5/22/04)
2004        May 22, Bombs exploded outside three banks in Jiutepec, central Mexico, heavily damaging them but causing no injuries. A note near the bombing sites signed by a group calling itself the Comando Jaramillista Morelense 23 de Mayo — in tribute to the peasant leader Ruben Jaramillo, who was murdered along with his family by state forces on May 23, 1962.
    (AP, 5/23/04)
2004        May 22, A 3-year-old Palestinian girl was shot and killed in the Rafah refugee camp on the fifth day of Israeli searches and house demolitions. A suicide bomber blew himself at an Israeli army checkpoint in the West Bank, wounding five people.
    (AP, 5/22/04)
2004        May 22, North Korea agreed to release the family members of Japanese citizens kidnapped by Northern agents, and Japan pledged aid to the impoverished country at a summit between the two nations' leaders.
    (AP, 5/22/04)
2004        May 22, Spain's Crown Prince Felipe married former TV anchorwoman Letizia Ortiz, the first commoner in line to be queen in Spanish history.
    (AP, 5/22/04)
2004        May 22, Voters in Sierra Leone choose local councils for the first time in 30 years.
    (AP, 5/23/04)
2004        May 22, The ship car carrier MV Hyundai, carrying 4,000 cars, sank after colliding with the oil tanker MT Kaminesan just south of Singapore.
    (AP, 5/23/04)
2004        May 22, Arab militiamen killed at least 56 people in a raid in western Sudan, just days after the government declared the troubled region was stable.
    (AP, 5/24/04)

2005        May 22, First Lady Laura Bush was heckled by protesters during a visit to holy sites in Jerusalem.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2005        May 22, Voice actor Thurl Ravenscroft (91), who supplied Tony the Tiger's "They're grrrrreeeat!" for more than 50 years, died in Fullerton, Calif.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2005        May 22, Egyptian authorities arrested the 4th-highest official in the powerful Muslim Brotherhood and 25 others. Mahmoud Ezzat, secretary-general of the Islamist group and head of its Cairo operations, is the highest-profile Brotherhood arrest since 1996.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, In India bombs tore through 2 cinemas in New Delhi showing a film considered offensive by some Sikhs.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 22, Seven Iraqi battalions backed by US forces launched an offensive in Baghdad in an effort to stanch the violence that has killed more than 550 people in less than a month.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, In Iraq gunmen killed a top trade ministry official while aides of a radical Shiite cleric met with a key Sunni group seeking to ease sectarian tensions.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, In Iraq 3 Romanian journalists and their Iraqi-American guide were freed after nearly two months in captivity. Mohammed Munaf, their Iraqi-American translator, was later tried and convicted on charges that he assisted in the kidnapping. In 2006 Munaf was sentenced to death.
    (AP, 5/22/05)(SSFC, 10/15/06, p.A20)
2005        May 22, Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian Authority said they had agreed terms for a feasibility study on transferring water from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea, to save the world's lowest sea from vanishing.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, A North Korean cargo ship arrived in South Korea to pick up fertilizer, the first such vessel from the isolated communist nation to dock here in 21 years.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, A top Kyrgyz official said Uzbeks who fled into neighboring Kyrgyzstan to escape violence in their Central Asian country are not refugees and must return home.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, In Mongolia Nambariin Enkhbayar, a candidate from the former Communist Party, won the presidency with 53% of the vote.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 22, In Palestine protesters besieged Laura Bush during her visit to two of Jerusalem's most sacred sites.
    (AP, 5/22/05)
2005        May 22, In South Africa 7 teenage girls drowned in a rip tide off the east coast and a boy was missing after a beach outing turned tragic when the swimmers ventured out before lifeguards were on duty.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 22, The UN condemned as "utterly unacceptable" the alleged abuse of detainees at the main US base in Afghanistan and called on the American military to allow an investigation by Afghan human rights officials.
    (AP, 5/22/05)

2006        May 22, The US Supreme Court ruled unanimously that police without a warrant can enter a home to break up a fight, overturning 3 Utah court findings.
    (WSJ, 5/23/06, p.A1)
2006        May 22, The Department of Veterans Affairs said personal data, including Social Security numbers of 26.5 million US veterans, was stolen from a VA employee after he took the information home without authorization.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2006        May 22, AP reported that the Wyoming Department of Family Services has funneled tens of thousands of dollars to a grant program administered by a private religious corporation that has funded churches, ministries and religiously oriented anti-abortion centers.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2006        May 22, Braxton Bilbrey (7) of Arizona swam from Alcatraz Island to San Francisco in 47 minutes.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2006        May 22, The NYSE under John Thain made a $10.2 billion cash and stock bid for Euronext NV, a European exchange operator, in an attempt to become the world’s first transatlantic stock trading center. Euronext had formed earlier as a combination of the Paris, Amsterdam and Brussels exchanges. The merged entity began trading April 4, 2007.
    (SFC, 5/23/06, p.C3)(Econ, 5/27/06, p.66)(WSJ, 4/5/07, p.C12)
2006        May 22, Wal-Mart Stores Inc. announced it was withdrawing from the highly competitive South Korean retail market, agreeing to sell its 16 stores to the country's top discount chain.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2006        May 22, Seagate Technology, a disk-drive manufacturer, completed its acquisition of Maxtor Corp. and said it will fire some 6,000 Maxtor employees.
    (SFC, 5/23/06, p.C1)
2006        May 22, A US-led coalition said nighttime airstrike against Taliban rebels in a southern Afghan village killed up to 80 suspected militants. The local governor said 16 civilians were killed and 16 wounded in Azizi in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2006        May 22, In Bangladesh textile workers demanding better pay and one day off per week went on a rampage at Savar, an industrial town near Dhaka, setting fire to two factories and several buses.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2006        May 22, An explosion in an illegal Chinese coal mine in the village of Siyuangou in Henan province killed eight miners and left an undetermined number missing.
    (AP, 5/24/06)
2006        May 22, Colombia's Interior Minister Sabas Pretelt said the peace process with far-right paramilitary gunmen was back on track, following days of tensions caused by a court ruling that tossed out part of a peace pact. In Jamundi 10 police officers in a US-trained unit were ambushed and killed in a ferocious attack by a platoon of 28 soldiers who unleashed a barrage of some 150 bullets and seven grenades. The attack stunned Colombians and severely embarrassed President Alvaro Uribe. An 11th man, an informant who led the police squad to the scene promising they would find a large stash of cocaine, was also found dead. When investigators removed his ski mask, they found a bullet hole in his head. In 2008 a judge gave a 54-year prison term to a cashiered army lieutenant colonel who was convicted of ordering the massacre of the anti-drug police. He also slapped near-maximum sentences of 52 years on the unit's second-in-command, and 50 years each on the other 13 soldiers involved. Senior police believed former Lt. Col. Byron Carvajal and his troops had been protecting a drug lord.
    (AP, 5/22/06)(AP, 6/17/06)(AP, 5/8/08)
2006        May 22, Haiti’s President Rene Preval said he has nominated former Cabinet member and close ally Jacques Edouard Alexis as prime minister. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed Edmond Mulet (b.1951) of Guatemala as his Special Representative in Haiti and Head of the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). Mr. Mulet succeeded Júan Gabriel Valdés of Chile.
    (AP, 5/22/06)(
2006        May 22, India’s main market index, the Sensex, set a record for intra-day volatility. Share prices had fallen by nearly 20% within 2 weeks. The recent drop was seen as a correction following a 3-year boom.
    (Econ, 5/27/06, p.70)
2006        May 22, In Iraq car bombs and drive-by shootings killed 17 people, including seven police officers, hours before Iraq's parliament met for its first session after swearing in a new government.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2006        May 22, Fed up with legal stonewalling and political posturing, Lithuania's government announced that it would submit a bill on nationalizing Mazeikiu Nafta, the country's largest corporation and the only oil refinery in the Baltics. If approved, the unprecedented move would ostensibly end a slew of legal battles and intense competition surrounding the enterprise, while at the same time possibly opening a Pandora's box of litigation against the Lithuanian government.
2006        May 22, A court found the former chief executive and chief financial officer of Dutch retailer Royal Ahold NV guilty of fraud, but ruled the pair will not have to serve prison time.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2006        May 22, AP Television News opened a full-time office in North Korea, becoming the first Western news organization to provide regular coverage of that nation.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2006        May 22, Hamas militiamen and Palestinian police traded heavy fire near Gaza City's parliament building, killing the driver of the Jordanian ambassador and wounding six people in the worst internal fighting in recent weeks.
    (AP, 5/22/06)
2006        May 22, Dr. Lee Jong-wook (61) died following surgery for a blood clot on the brain. He spearheaded the World Health Organization's successive battles against SARS and bird flu and was the first South Korean to head a UN agency.
    (AP, 5/22/06)

2007        May 22, The US and China opened a new round of high-level economic talks with the Bush administration pushing for concrete results and China saying efforts to politicize trade disagreements would be a mistake.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2007         May 22, Two-time Olympic gold medalist speedskater Apolo Anton Ohno and his professional dance partner, Julianne Hough, won ABC's "Dancing With the Stars."
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2007        May 22, Silas Rondeau, Brazil's mines and energy minister, resigned amid accusations he was bribed by a construction company that obtained contracts to provide electricity to poor rural areas in a program championed by the nation's first working class president.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 22, Prosecutors in London accused Andrei Lugovoi, a former KGB agent, of murder in the radioactive poisoning of fellow ex-operative Alexander Litvinenko and sought his extradition from Russia. The Russian prosecutor-general's office said it will not turn over Lugovoi to British authorities.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 22, Cambodian PM Hun Sen met with junta head Senior General Than Shwe in military-ruled Myanmar, as the two nations moved to improve tourism links.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 22, The International Criminal Court prosecutor announced a war crimes investigation into hundreds of rapes and other violations in the Central African Republic in 2002 and 2003. The UN condemned the capture of two aid workers in the north-west of the CAR, saying the worsening security was hampering its humanitarian work in the country.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 22, Guatemala ratified the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoptions, an international adoption treaty, committing to bring adoptions under government regulation and make sure babies are not bought or stolen.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 22, In India streets were deserted and shops closed across the northern state of Punjab after Sikh leaders called a general strike in the wake of a clashes with a quasi-religious sect that have left one person dead. The Akali Dal, the Sikh’s main political party, encouraged protests against the Dera Sacha Sauda, a powerful group that had supported Congress in state assembly elections.
    (AP, 5/22/07)(Econ, 7/7/07, p.43)
2007        May 22, Iran jumped gasoline prices 25% in a new blow to consumers already disgruntled over high inflation, and the government said it will begin rationing fuel in two weeks. By November inflation was running at 16%.
    (AP, 5/22/07)(Econ, 11/17/07, p.56)
2007        May 22, A car bomb exploded at an outdoor market in a Shiite area of Baghdad, killing 25 people and wounding at least 60. Gunmen in two cars drove through the nearby Khadra neighborhood and ambushed a civilian car carrying three plainclothes police from the major crimes unit, killing two and wounding the third. A police officer was killed when a roadside bomb exploded next to a police patrol driving through eastern Baghdad. Gunmen disguised as soldiers set up a fake checkpoint and stopped a minibus bringing college students to the Shiite neighborhood of Sadr City. The militants killed 8 of the students and wounded three others. At another fake checkpoint near Baqouba gunmen killed six people from one family, a woman, her 5-year-old son and four men and stole their car. 2 mortar shells slammed into a teacher's college affiliated with Baghdad University, killing three students and injuring seven. In the Baghdad neighborhood of Dora, a sniper shot two civilians, killing one and wounding the other. At least 100 Iraqis were killed or found dead nationwide. They included 33 people found shot execution-style, presumably by sectarian death squads, and their bodies scattered across Baghdad. US soldiers and two Marines were killed in separate attacks. A US soldiers was killed in a roadside bomb attack near Tikrit.
    (AP, 5/22/07)(AP, 5/23/07)(Reuters, 5/25/07)
2007        May 22, Israeli aircraft struck two camps used by the Islamic militant group Hamas, a day after a Palestinian rocket attack killed an Israeli woman. Officials suggested even Palestinian Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh of Hamas could be a target.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 22, In Lebanon a convoy of UN relief supplies was hit in renewed fighting as it tried to enter the Palestinian refugee camp of Nahr el-Bared. At least 15 civilians were left dead or wounded. Lebanon asked the US for $280 million in military assistance.
    (AP, 5/22/07)(WSJ, 5/23/07, p.A1)
2007        May 22, The UN's top refugee official arrived in Nepal for a visit aimed at resolving the fate of around 100,000 refugees from Bhutan stuck in Nepal for 16 years.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 22, Pakistani security forces backed by helicopter gunships attacked a militant training camp near the Afghan border, killing at least four suspected militants.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 22, The Philippine elections commission suspended the vote count from last week's polls in southern Maguindanao province amid allegations of massive cheating by pro-government supporters.
    (AP, 5/22/07)
2007        May 22, South African lawmakers passed amended legislation to broaden the definition of rape in a country with sky-high rates of sex crimes and HIV/AIDS. The heaviest snowfalls in 20 years blocked major highways, as a severe cold snap tightened its grip on South Africa. At least 17 deaths, mostly in Eastern Cape province, were blamed on the cold weather.
    (AP, 5/22/07)(AFP, 5/22/07)(SFC, 5/26/07, p.B6)
2007        May 22, Guven Akkus (28), a suicide bomber, carried out an attack that killed six people and injured dozens in Ankara, using methods similar to those of a Kurdish rebel group. Akkus had spent two years in prison for hanging illegal posters and resisting police.
    (AP, 5/23/07)

2008        May 22, The US Congress enacted a farm bill over Pres. Bush’s veto sending new and bigger subsidies for farmers and more food stamps to help the poor with rising grocery prices.
    (SFC, 5/23/08, p.A5)
2008        May 22, Several companies agreed to pay a combined $24 million to pet owners to resolve lawsuits over contaminated pet food linked to the illness and death of animals. The settlement involving Canada-based Menu Foods Income Fund and other pet food manufacturers and suppliers was outlined in documents filed in the US District Court in New Jersey.
    (Reuters, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, The Summit Fire began in the California’s Santa Cruz mountains. After 5 days it had covered 4,270 acres and destroyed 31 residences before becoming fully contained.
    (SFC, 5/23/08, p.A1)(SFC, 5/28/08, p.B2)
2008        May 22, A tornado hit northern Colorado killing one person.
    (WSJ, 5/23/08, p.A1)
2008        May 22, In western Afghanistan gunfire broke out in Ghor province at a protest against a US sniper in Iraq who used a Quran for target practice. Two civilians were slain and seven others were wounded. A NATO soldier from Lithuania was killed, the first of the Baltic country's troops to die while serving there.
    (AP, 5/22/08)(AFP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Bangladesh reported its first confirmed case of human bird flu, but said the 16-month-old victim had now recovered from the virus.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Britain’s PM Gordon Brown called for a total ban on the use of cluster bombs by the British military. Nicky Reilly, would-be suicide bomber, tried to detonate a nail bomb in a restaurant in Exeter but injured only himself. He had embraced Islam between 2002 and 2003 and called himself Mohammad Rashid Saeed Alim. In 2009 Reilly (22) was sentenced to a minimum of 18 years in prison.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)(AP, 1/30/09)
2008        May 22, In Canada a shoe-clad foot was discovered on a small uninhabited island south of Vancouver in the Strait of Georgia, and is the fourth discovered in the region in the past 10 months. Police did not know where they are coming from.
    (Reuters, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, China said the toll of dead and missing from last week's powerful earthquake jumped to more than 80,000, while the government appealed for millions of tents to shelter homeless survivors.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Tens of thousands of French workers took to the streets as unions mounted a one-day show of force against President Nicolas Sarkozy's government over pension reforms.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Partial returns and an exit poll showed President Mikhail Saakashvili's ruling party heading for a strong majority in Georgia's parliamentary election. United Opposition co-leader David Gamkrelidze alleged widespread cheating and pressure on opponents by authorities in areas outside Tbilisi.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Indonesians faced runaway inflation and higher interest rates after the government vowed to hike subsidized fuel prices by an average 28.7% despite widespread protests.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Pres. al-Maliki met with the Iraq’s most influential Shiite spiritual leader, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, to discuss his government crackdowns. Iraq's most influential Shiite cleric has been quietly issuing religious edicts declaring that armed resistance against US-led foreign troops is permissible.
    (AP, 5/22/08)(AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, In Pakistan unidentified gunmen shot dead Muhammad Ibrahim (44), a reporter for Urdu-language Express newspaper, after he interviewed a spokesman for Taliban militants in a tribal area bordering Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, A Palestinian suicide bomber detonated a truck loaded with explosives as he tried to ram a crucial crossing between the Gaza Strip and Israel. There were no casualties besides the bomber.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, A US government agency signed a political risk insurance deal with a Palestinian firm to help guarantee investments in the West Bank as part of an international effort to develop the beleaguered local economy.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, The South African army mobilized in support of embattled police trying to quell a wave of violence against immigrants that has claimed 42 lives and displaced 16,000. More than 10,000 Mozambicans have fled home from South Africa to escape the xenophobic attacks.
    (AP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, In Sri Lanka government soldiers killed 11 insurgents in three separate clashes in Vavuniya. 10 soldiers were wounded. Other battles in Jaffna, Mannar and Welioya killed 11 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 22, Thailand's PM Sundaravej pledged to sell rice to Manila at "negotiable" rates, as he began a visit to the Philippines, which is working to boost its stocks of the grain.
    (AFP, 5/22/08)
2008        May 22, Two Turkish soldiers were killed in an overnight clash with Kurdish rebels in southeastern Turkey. Troops killed two Kurdish rebels near the southeastern city of Sirnak.
    (AP, 5/22/08)(AP, 5/24/08)

2009        May 22, President Obama signed the Credit Card Accountability, Responsibility, and Disclosure (CARD) Act of 2009, marking a turning point for American consumers and ending the days of unfair rate hikes and hidden fees. The new rules went into effect on Feb 22, 2010.
    (, 2/23/10, p.D2)
2009        May 22, In Pinole, Ca., Anthony Ramirez (23) was interrupted in an attempted robbery of a home and escaped leaving behind his cell phone. Ramirez was a suspect in 3 recent East Bay slayings and was apprehended on May 27 following calls to himself to retrieve his cell phone.
    (SFC, 6/3/09, p.B2)
2009        May 22, The African Union called on the UN Security Council to take "immediate measures" to impose sanctions on Eritrea over its support for Islamist insurgents in Somalia.
    (AFP, 5/22/09)
2009        May 22, Brazil's Supreme Court approved the extradition to the US of Pablo Rayo Montano, a Colombian-born drug lord accused of running one of the world's largest drug smuggling operations.
    (AP, 5/22/09)
2009        May 22, In Brazil a twin-engine plane crashed near a private airport in a northeastern coastal resort area, killing all 11 people aboard.
    (AP, 5/23/09)
2009        May 22, A Canadian court found Desire Munyaneza (42), a Rwandan man, guilty of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes for his role in the 1994 Rwanda genocide, making him the first person convicted under Canada's war crimes act. Munyaneza arrived in Canada in 1997 and unsuccessfully tried to claim refugee status. Police subsequently launched an investigation and arrested him in 2005. On Oct 29 Munyaneza was sentenced to 25 years in prison before becoming eligible for parole.
    (Reuters, 5/22/09)(Reuters, 10/29/09)
2009        May 22, A Toronto-area man (21) convicted of belonging to a group plotting al Qaeda-inspired attacks on Canadian landmarks was sentenced to 2-1/2 years in jail, the first sentence handed out in the so-called "Toronto 18" case. He has already spent two years in custody and will likely be released soon due to credit for time already served.
    (Reuters, 5/24/09)
2009        May 22, In Egypt Ayman Nour, a prominent Egyptian dissident, was attacked by an assailant on a motorcycle who ignited a flammable substance in his face, leaving his head burned. Nour accused elements within the ruling party of being behind the attack.
    (AP, 5/23/09)
2009        May 22, Haiti's civil protection department said floods have killed at least 11 people this week as heavy rains swamp towns still rebuilding from last year's hurricanes.
    (AP, 5/22/09)
2009        May 22, In Iraq the body of Jim Kitterman (60), an American civilian contractor, was found stabbed to death in a vehicle in the Green Zone. Another contractor was killed by a rocket attack near the American Embassy. An American soldier died in a noncombat incident in Baghdad province. In June Iraqi authorities detained 4 Americans and one Iraqi in connection with the death of Kitterman, in what could be the first case of Americans facing local justice under a joint security pact that took effect this year. 3 of the detained American were soon released due to insufficient evidence.
    (AP, 5/23/09)(AP, 6/7/09)(AP, 6/8/09)(AP, 6/11/09)
2009        May 22, Israeli troops crossed into Gaza and killed two Palestinian militants who were planting a bomb along the border fence before dawn.
    (AP, 5/22/09)
2009        May 22, An Italian warship arrested nine pirates after helping a US-flagged container vessel and another ship evade brigands off the coast of Somalia.
    (AP, 5/22/09)
2009        May 22, Police in Morocco uncovered more than 20 tons of cannabis resin, one of the country's largest ever hash hauls, hidden in steel crates destined for France.
    (AFP, 5/23/09)
2009        May 22, Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi pleaded not guilty at her trial and blamed the regime's lax security for allowing an American intruder to swim uninvited to her lakeside home.
    (AP, 5/22/09)
2009        May 22, Nigeria's foreign minister said that the military has rescued 12 hostages, eight Filipinos and four Ukrainians, from militants being targeted by the armed forces in the southern oil region. The military said a dozen troops had gone missing in the region.
    (AP, 5/23/09)
2009        May 22, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at a congested marketplace in the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing at least 5 people wounding dozens. Troops encircled Taliban militants in their mountain base as well as the main town in the Swat Valley, as the UN appealed for $543 million to ease the suffering of nearly 2 million refugees from the fighting.
    (AFP, 5/22/09)(AP, 5/22/09)(SFC, 5/23/09, p.A2)
2009        May 22, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev challenged EU leaders meeting at a summit in Khabarovsk to help Ukraine pay its gas bills in order to prevent disruption of Russian supplies to Europe.
    (Reuters, 5/22/09)
2009        May 22, Serbian authorities said they will investigate a drug rehab facility sponsored by the Serbian Orthodox Church after the publication of a video showing one of the patients being severely beaten with a shovel by Orthodox priest Branislav Peranovic. On May 27 Peranovic was removed from his job leading the Crna Reka center in southern Serbia. On May 29 an employee of the center, shown in another video punching a patient with brass knuckles, was charged by police.
    (AP, 5/22/09)(AP, 5/27/09)
2009        May 22, Hundreds of Somali government troops attacked insurgent-held positions north and south of Mogadishu and the heart of the city was heavily shelled. One witness said a busload of fleeing civilians was hit. Fighting between Somali government troops and Islamic insurgents killed 53 people in Mogadishu. Residents reported that the operation had failed to dislodge the insurgents.
    (AP, 5/22/09)(AP, 5/23/09)

2010        May 22, Jordan Romero (13), an eighth-grader from California, became the youngest climber to reach the top of Mount Everest, surpassing the previous record set by Temba Tsheri (16) of Nepal.
    (AP, 5/22/10)
2010        May 22, Martin Gardner (b.1914), American writer on mathematics, died. His books included “The Annotated Alice" (1960).
    (Econ, 6/5/10, p.94)
2010        May 22, In southern Afghanistan 3 foreign soldiers and one civilian working with NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) were killed in two separate incidents. At least a dozen people were killed south of Kabul after US troops spotted two insurgents trying to plant bombs. The Taliban staged a nighttime assault on Kandahar Air Base that wounded a number of coalition soldiers and civilian employees.
    (AFP, 5/22/10)(AP, 5/22/10)(AP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 22, A Chilean appeals court ordered Mohammad Saif Ur Rehman Khan, a Pakistani, man back into a high-security prison, saying the chemicals allegedly found on his possessions at the US Embassy and inside his apartment could only have come from direct contact with explosives.
    (AP, 5/22/10)
2010        May 22, At the Cannes film festival “Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives," a surreal tale of the afterlife with giant monkeys and an erotic catfish scored gold for Thai director Apichatpong Weerasethakul.
    (AFP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 22, An Air India Express plane trying to land at a tricky hilltop airport in southern India overshot the runway, crashed over a cliff and burst into flames at dawn, killing 158 people. There were 8 survivors. An investigative panel later said Serb flight commander had slept through more than half the flight and was disoriented during landing.
    (AP, 5/22/10)(SFC, 11/20/10, p.A2)
2010        May 22, Nigerian youths in Jos hacked to death 3 Muslim herders and burned their bodies.
    (AP, 5/22/10)
2010        May 22, In Pakistan an overnight US missile strike killed two foreign militant suspects and eight Pakistanis near the Afghan border.
    (AP, 5/22/10)
2010        May 22, In Poland Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), the 16th-century astronomer whose findings were condemned by the Roman Catholic Church as heretical, was reburied by Polish priests as a hero, nearly 500 years after he was laid to rest in an unmarked grave.
    (AP, 5/22/10)
2010        May 22, In Slovakia authorities in Bratislava called off the country’s first-ever gay pride parade following attacks by neo-Nazis.
    (SSFC, 5/23/10, p.A6)
2010        May 22, Spanish railway workers called for a one-day stoppage on May 28 in protest at proposed changes in working conditions.
    (Reuters, 5/22/10)
2010        May 22, Thailand's government displayed to foreign diplomats a huge cache of weapons it said had been confiscated from anti-government protesters, to quash criticism of a deadly crackdown. The recent clashes and blasts left 91 dead and 1,900 injured.
    (AFP, 5/22/10)(Econ, 7/10/10, p.39)(Econ, 9/18/10, p.58)
2010        May 22, Dozens of nations, meeting in Istanbul at a UN-sponsored conference for Somalia, pledged to help Somalia build a strong police and military, achieve peace and stability and eradicate piracy that has plagued international maritime trade.
    (AP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 22, Yemen's President Ali Abdullah Saleh announced an amnesty for journalists being tried or convicted of press offences to mark the 20th anniversary of the unification of north and South Yemen.
    (AFP, 5/22/10)

2011        May 22, A massive tornado that tore a 6-mile path across southwestern Missouri killed at least 117 people as it slammed into the city of Joplin leaving a forest of splintered tree trunks behind where entire neighborhoods once stood. The National Weather Service said it was the single deadliest twister in the past 60 years. In June death toll reached 154.
    (AP, 5/23/11)(AP, 5/24/11)(Reuters, 6/5/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A8)
2011        May 22, Joseph Brooks (73), the Academy Award-winning songwriter of "You Light Up My Life" (1977), was found dead in NYC of an apparent suicide while awaiting trial on charges of sexually assaulting more than a dozen women and just months after his son was accused of murdering a swimsuit designer.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 22, In Afghanistan 6 members of the Afghan security forces died when the Taliban stormed a traffic police office in Khost city and two suicide bombers detonated themselves, triggering a nine-hour stand-off. Two female civilians died and five others including four women were wounded in the southern province of Zabul when the tractor they were travelling in hit a roadside mine.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Brazil about 1,000 people gathered in Sao Paulo to protest against proposed laws in favor of Brazilian farmers who are seeking more space to raise cattle. They said that the environmental law changes would increase deforestation in the Amazon.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Brazil a boat carrying more than 100 passengers sank in a lake in Rio de Janeiro. Rescue workers said a baby was dead and seven people were missing.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 22, The last of Britain's military forces in Iraq pulled up anchor, ending more than eight years of fighting militants and training security forces since invading in 2003.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, Auction site eBay said a bidder paid £81,100 ($131,648) for a silk bow hat worn by Princess Beatrice to last month’s royal wedding. The Philip Treacy creation was put on sale to raise money for UNICEF and Children in crises.
    (SFC, 5/23/11, p.A2)
2011        May 22, An Egyptian court condemned a policeman to death for killing 20 protesters, in the first such sentencing of a security forces member for the murder of demonstrators during a January-February revolt.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, The European Union established formal diplomatic contact with the opposition seeking to topple Moammar Gadhafi by opening an office in the eastern rebel stronghold of Benghazi and promised support for a democratic Libya.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, The Cannes Film Festival awarded its top prize to the drama “Tree of Life" by Terence Malick. Kirsten Dunst too the best actress prize for “Melancholia." Jean Dujardin claimed the best actor prize for the silent film “The Artist."
    (SFC, 5/23/11, p.E2)
2011        May 22, Honduras President Porfirio Lobo signed an agreement allowing the country’s re-entry into the Organization of American States and the return of ousted leader Manuel Zelaya to his homeland.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, Iceland closed its main international airport and canceled all domestic flights as the Grimsvotn volcano sent a plume of ash, smoke and steam 12 miles (20 km) high.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, Iran's Arabic-language state television said a new surface-to-surface missiles, Qiyam (Resurrection) 1, were successfully tested and delivered to the armed forces today.
    (Reuters, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Iraq a rapid-fire series of explosions in and around Baghdad killed 20 people, including 10 people who died when a suicide bomber blew himself up in a crowd of police officers in Taji. 2 US soldiers were killed by a bomb near Camp Victory. In the northern city of Kirkuk, police found the dead body of a man believed to be in his late 20s. The man's hands were tied behind his back and he was killed execution-style with a bullet to the back of his head.
    (AP, 5/22/11)(SFC, 5/23/11, p.A3)
2011        May 22, Anti-settlement NGO Peace Now reported that Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak has approved the construction of 294 new homes in Beitar Ilit settlement on the occupied West Bank.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Japan the leaders of China and South Korea agreed to bolster efforts to aid disaster recovery as they met with the Japanese prime minister to smooth over differences on Tokyo's handling of its post-tsunami nuclear crisis.
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Libya NATO warplanes carried out raids against the port of Tripoli and the residence of Moamer Kadhafi near the center of the capital.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Mexico Durango state officers discovered a fake road checkpoint set up by gang members about 70 miles (110 km) north of Durango city and summoned soldiers. A gunbattle erupted, leaving five civilians dead and three state officers wounded.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 22, Moroccan police beat protesters who defied a ban on demonstrations across the country, leading to arrests and dozens of injuries, some of them life threatening.
    (Reuters, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In Pakistan as few as six Taliban gunmen launched a brazen attack on the PNS Mehran base in Karachi to avenge the killing of Osama bin Laden. At least 10 military personnel were killed and 20 wounded in the assault. 2 US-made surveillance planes were destroyed.
    (AP, 5/23/11)(AFP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 22, Saudi authorities re-arrested activist Manal al-Sherif, who defied a ban on female drivers. She was detained for several hours a day earlier by the country's religious police and released after she signed a pledge agreeing not to drive. Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world that bans women, both Saudi and foreign, from driving.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 22, Somali government troops backed by African Union forces advanced towards Mogadishu's main market, a stronghold of the Islamist Shebab rebels, amid a heavy firefight that claimed two lives.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, In South Africa 2 officers were shot dead and their guns stolen in a Cape Town squatter camp. On May 19 two officers were killed after raiding a building in eastern KwaZulu-Natal province. The national police chief called the violence against police a crises. 
    (AP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, South Korea said the United States has agreed on a joint investigation after American veterans claimed they buried large amounts of Agent Orange at the Camp Carroll US military base in South Korea in 1978. Environmental tests already confirmed extremely high levels of dioxin in people, fish and soil near the Camp Carroll air base.
    (AP, 5/22/11)(AP, 6/2/11)
2011        May 22, Spain held regional and municipal elections as protesters, fuming over mass unemployment, defied a ban on their swelling movement. The ruling Socialists suffered a crushing defeat to the conservative opposition Popular Party.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)(SFC, 5/23/11, p.A4)
2011        May 22, Northern Sudanese troops seized control of most of Abyei district on Sudan's north-south border as the south accused Khartoum of an "illegal invasion" that threatens the lives of thousands.
    (AFP, 5/22/11)
2011        May 22, Vietnam held parliamentary elections.
    (AP, 5/22/11)

2012        May 22, Elon Musk's Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) launched a private space capsule called Dragon on a history-making trip to the International Space Station.
    (, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, In northeast Afghanistan 2 foreign doctors and their 3 Afghan colleagues were kidnapped in a remote area of Badakhshan province.
    (AP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 22, The first woman to command a major Royal Navy warship took up her post. Commander Sarah West (40) took control of the frigate HMS Portland. West has served in the Royal Navy for 16 years.
    (AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, The art collection of the late German-born playboy Gunter Sachs, featuring works celebrating his obsession with his former wife Brigitte Bardot, fetched over $56 million at a London sale.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 22, On the border between Burkina Faso and Mali clashes broke out between the Peul herders and Dogon farmers. At least 30 people were killed in the clashes over land rights.
    (SFC, 5/25/12, p.A2)
2012        May 22, In Canada thousands of people marched through central Montreal to mark the 100th day of student protests over tuition increases, a campaign that is turning into a broader movement against the Quebec government and aspects of the capitalist system.
    (Reuters, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, In eastern CongoDRC a local activist said a feud between Rwandan Hutu rebels and the Mai Mai militia last week left more than 100 people dead, including civilians.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, An Egyptian court sentenced five policemen to 10 years in prison in absentia for killing protesters, in a rare conviction of security officials accused of using deadly force against the demonstrations that overthrew Hosni Mubarak in 2011. Out of the 17 defendants who appeared before the Giza Criminal Court, two others received one-year suspended sentences while ten other policemen were acquitted.
    (AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh issued a harsh warning to criminals in the tiny African nation, telling security chiefs to "shoot first and ask questions later."
    (AFP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 22, Guinea-Bissau interim President Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo signed a decree establishing the 27-member cabinet under PM Rui Duarte Barros, which includes as defense minister Colonel Celestino Carvalho, a member of the putschists who ousted the president. The armed forces vowed to return to their barracks.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, In northern India at least 24 Hindu pilgrims were killed when a packed bus plunged into the fast-flowing Alaknanda river after colliding with a truck near the town of Byasi.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, In southern India a passenger train rammed into a parked freight train and caught fire before dawn, killing at least 25 people and injuring dozens more in southwestern Andhra Pradesh state.
    (AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, In India the government of Maharashtra state says injuring or killing suspected poachers will no longer be considered a crime. Maharashtra Forest Minister Patangrao Kadam said the state will send more rangers and jeeps into the forest, and will offer secret payments to informers who give tips about poachers and animal smugglers.
    (AP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 22, In Iraq bombings in the center of the ethnically-mixed city of Baquba, killed six people including four children. The attacks struck the homes of a Sunni anti-Qaeda militiaman and a formerly internally-displaced Shiite family.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, In Japan a new 634-meter (2,080-foot) tower with special technology meant to withstand earthquakes, opened to the public. The Tokyo Skytree became the world's second-tallest structure behind the 828-meter (2,717-foot) Burj Khalifa in Dubai, according to owner Tobu Tower Skytree Co.
    (AP, 4/17/12)(AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, The pro-coup Committee of Malian Patriotic Organizations (COPAM) said it had decided at a meeting "to institute Captain Amadou Sanogo as president of the transition" in the west African nation.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 22, In Myanmar protests against chronic power shortages spread to Yangon, following rallies in Myanmar's second city Mandalay which saw several opposition party members briefly held by police.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, In Pakistan gunmen opened fire on a political rally in Karachi, killing 11 people and sparking rioting. Attackers fired on a rally held by Awami Tehrik, a small nationalist group, and it was attended by members of several other parties in the city.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)(Econ, 5/26/12, p.43)
2012        May 22, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin targeted those who dare oppose him, introducing draconian new fines for protesters and handing out Kremlin jobs to widely detested lieutenants despite the public anger they have generated. Police quickly rounded up several members of the liberal Yabloko party who attempted to protest the new bill outside parliament.
    (AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, South African President Jacob Zuma and his African National Congress sought a court order to have a painting depicting the president's genitals removed from an art gallery, but two men took matters into their own hands by defacing the portrait with gobs of paint. The painting, titled “The Spear," by Brett Murray went on display in a Johannesburg gallery earlier this month.
    (AP, 5/22/12)(SSFC, 5/27/12, p.A4)
2012        May 22, A South African court convicted Chris Mahlangu, one of the two accused black farmworkers in the April 3, 2010, murder of white supremacist leader Eugene Terre'Blanche. Co-accused Patrick Ndlovu, who was a minor at the time of the crime, was found guilty only of house-breaking, and not guilty on charges of murder and robbery. On Aug 22 Mahlangu was sentenced to life in prison. Ndlovu (18) was handed a two-year suspended sentence.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)(AFP, 8/22/12)
2012        May 22, In South Africa 10 illegal diamond miners were killed in a disused mine tunnel in the Northern Cape province.
    (AFP, 5/27/12)
2012        May 22, In Spain teachers and students from every level of the education system went on strike to protest wide-ranging government spending cuts.
    (AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, Sri Lankan authorities seized 1.5 tons of African ivory marked as plastic waste and addressed to a buyer in Dubai. They informed the authorities in the United Arab Emirates and Kenya to take action against the shipper and the consignee.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 22, In Sudan driver Nassir Awadallah Ahmed Saeed (65), a Port Sudan businessman, was killed when his car exploded on the Red Sea coast. A year earlier Sudan blamed Israel for an air strike in the same region.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, In Syria intense clashes were reported between troops and defectors in the towns of Atareb in Aleppo province and Kfar Rouma in Idlib. 11 Lebanese Shiites were abducted in Aleppo province.
    (AP, 5/22/12)(AP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 22, In the UAR a federal court convicted 10 Somali pirates captured during a raid to retake MV Arrilah-1 on April 1, 2011, and sentenced them to life behind bars.
    (AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, UN nuclear chief Yukiya Amano said that despite some remaining differences, a deal has been reached with Iran that will allow the UN nuclear agency to restart a long-stalled probe into suspicions that Tehran has secretly worked on developing nuclear arms.
    (AP, 5/22/12)
2012        May 22, In southern Zimbabwe dozens of miners were trapped underground at the Mimosa platinum mine in Zvishavane following a fire the previous evening.
    (AFP, 5/22/12)

2013        May 22, Army Secretary John McHugh and Chief of Staff General Ray Odierno told a Senate panel they were addressing the service's sexual harassment and sexual assault problem as their top priority. They revealed that Sergeant First Class Michael McClendon was charged last week for videotaping female cadets in the showers at West Point.
    (Reuters, 5/22/13)00
2013        May 22, In Florida Ibragim Todashev (27), a Chechen immigrant, was shot dead by an FBI agent in Orlando early today as he was "about to sign a statement" admitting to a role, along with Boston Marathon bombing suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev, in an unsolved triple murder in Massachusetts on Sep 11, 2011. Todashev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev both fought mixed martial arts in the name of Boston's Wai Kru gym, where one of the 2011 triple murder victims, Brendan Mess, also trained. An investigation into Todashev’s death continued through August.
    (SFC, 5/23/13, p.A12)(SFC, 8/14/13, p.A6)
2013        May 22, Chicago officials closed 49 schools that they said were not being fully used.
    (SFC, 5/23/13, p.A10)
2013        May 22, In Pennsylvania Herbert (44) and Catherine Schaible (43), advocates of faith healing, were arrested following the death of their 9th child, 8 months old, in April. Herbert said “Medicine is against our religious beliefs." They had received a 10 year probation in Feb, 2011, following the death of their son, Kent.
    (SFC, 5/25/13, p.A7)
2013        May 22, The 5th edition of the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (DSM-5) was released by the American Psychiatric Assoc. This marked its first major revision since 1994.
    (SFC, 5/22/13, p.C1)(Econ, 5/18/13, p.83)
2013        May 22, Los Angeles held mayoral elections. City Councilman Eric Garcetti (42) defeated city controller Wendy Greuel 54%-46%.
    (SFC, 5/23/13, p.A13)
2013        May 22, In Afghanistan hard-line Islamist students protested in Kabul demanding the repeal of a presidential decree for women's rights that they say is un-Islamic.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 22, In Afghanistan Habibullah Khan, an anti-Taliban village elder, was killed along with two bodyguards and a civilian bystander by a suicide bomber in Ghazni province. At least 14 civilians were wounded, most of them shoppers and merchants.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 22, Bahrain's Interior Ministry said an Iranian drone has been found in the strategic Gulf kingdom.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 22, In the Woolwich area of south London, England, 2 men armed with meat cleavers and possibly a firearm, hacked off-duty soldier Lee Rigby (25) to death while horrified bystanders watched. They rushed toward police when officers arrived on the scene and police opened fire. British-born Londoner Michael Adebolajo (28) and Michael Adebowale (22) boasted of their exploits and warned of more violence. Two additional suspects were arrested the next day. On May 24 police arrested Abu Nusaybah after he told spoke on BBC’s "Newsnight" that intelligence officers had approached Adebolajo six months ago to see if he would work for them as an informant. Adebolajo Adebowale faced trial in November.
    (AP, 5/23/13)(AP, 5/24/13)(SFC, 5/24/13, p.A5)(AFP, 10/9/13)
2013        May 22, China's Premier Li Keqiang began a two-day visit to Pakistan by praising the relationship between the two Asian powers in glowing terms.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 22, In Colombia at least 10 soldiers were killed in an attack with homemade explosives by the ELN in Norte de Santander state.
    (SFC, 5/23/13, p.A2)
2013        May 22, Croatian Airlines’ staff accepted a 9% wage cut and returned to work after 8 days of strikes.
    (Econ, 5/25/13, p.52)
2013        May 22, In the Czech Rep. rescuers arrived to tackle a fire at a family house in the Brno neighborhood of Ivanovice and discovered "that a violent crime had been commited there." Police sought Kevin Dahlgren (b.1992), an American man, suspected of killing his uncle, aunt and cousins. Dahlgren was arrested on May 23 in Washington, DC, on an int’l. warrant.
    (AP, 5/23/13)(AP, 5/24/13)(AP, 5/25/13)
2013        May 22, In Iceland Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson, head of the Progressive Party, was chosen as the new prime minister. He immediately announced a halt to talks with the EU about joining the 27-nation block.
    (SFC, 5/23/13, p.A2)(Econ, 5/4/13, p.56)
2013        May 22, Mexican autorities seized 5 boxes filled with cash as part of an investigation into alleged embezzlement by former Tabasco state Gov. Andres Granier (65). The money was found in the office of Jose Saiz, the finance minister under Granier. Saiz was arrested on June 8 at the US border on suspicion of embezzlement.
    (SFC, 5/24/13, p.A6)(SFC, 6/14/13, p.A6)
2013        May 22, An imprisoned member of the punk band Pussy Riot said she is going on hunger strike after a judge refused to allow her to attend a court hearing where she was seeking release on parole. Maria Alekhina, watching the trial from a prison colony via video link, ordered her defense not to participate in today’s hearing, saying the court was violating her rights.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 22, In South Korea a suicidal man, jumping to his death  from the 11th floor of an apartment building, killed a 5-year-old girl by falling on her as she walked with her parents outside the building in Busan.
    (AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 22, The UN atomic agency detailed rapid Iranian progress in two programs that the West fears are geared toward making nuclear weapons, saying Tehran has upgraded its uranium enrichment facilities and advanced in building a plutonium-producing reactor.
    (AP, 5/22/13)
2013        May 22, Venezuela's Pres. Maduro announced the creation of a new workers' militia to defend the country's "Bolivarian revolution" at a time when the government faces economic problems and political turmoil.
    (AP, 5/24/13)
2013        May 22, Zimbabwe's President Mugabe signed into law a new constitution and vowed to hold peaceful and clean elections later this year.
    (AP, 5/22/13)

2014        May 22, US politicians, federal officials and gay activists celebrated the first day issue of a US Postal Service stamp in honor of Harvey Milk, on what would have been his 84th birthday.
    (SFC, 5/23/14, p.A1)
2014        May 22, Tennessee Rep. Gov. Bill Haslam signed a bill into law allowing the state to electrocute Death Row inmates in the event the state is unable to obtain drugs used for lethal injections.
    (SFC, 5/23/14, p.A6)
2014        May 22, In northeastern Afghan Taliban fighters reportedly kidnapped 27 police officers during an assault in Badakhshan province.
    (SFC, 5/23/14, p.A2)
2014        May 22, Britain voted in local and European elections. An opinion poll exposed a paradox: The anti-EU UK Independence Party was forecast to win the vote yet public opinion favored staying inside the EU.
    (Reuters, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, In Central African Republic 3 civilians were killed in Bambari as hundreds of Muslims armed with rifles and machetes clashed with French peacekeeping troops trying to disarm members of the rebel Seleka coalition in the town.
    (Reuters, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, In China two vehicles with explosives ploughed into an open market in Urumqi, Xinjiang province, in the deadliest act of violence in the region in years. At least 43 people were killed including 4 suicide bombers. One suspect was captured.
    (Reuters, 5/22/14)(Reuters, 5/23/14)(AP, 5/24/14)
2014        May 22, China and Russia vetoed a draft UN Security Council resolution to refer Syria to the International Criminal Court for war crimes committed by both sides in its civil war.
    (AFP, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, In Egypt about 150 activists held a protest in Alexandria to demand the release of rights lawyer Mahienoun el-Masry. Police beat protesters with batons and rifle butts and arrested 15 people to disperse a rally against a two-year prison sentence for el-Masry. The army carried out an operation that resulted in the killing of six "extremely dangerous criminal elements."
    (AP, 5/22/14)(Reuters, 5/23/14)
2014        May 22, EU parliamentary elections began in Britain and the Netherlands at the start of 4 days of balloting across the 28 members.
    (SFC, 5/23/14, p.A5)
2014        May 22, In Indonesia Anne Marie Drozdz (40), a British woman, was found dead in the cultural tourism district of Ubud, Bali island, and that there were signs her villa had been broken into. Police on May 24 arrested construction worker Hambali (32) in Jakarta, where he fled following the robbery and murder of Drodzd.
    (AFP, 5/23/14)(AFP, 5/25/14)
2014        May 22, Italy’s statistical body (Istat) said that from October it would include drug trafficking, prostitution, and alcohol and tobacco smuggling in its economic output numbers.
    (Econ, 5/31/14, p.64)
2014        May 22, Lebanon banned all political gatherings by Syrians on its territory, citing a wish to preserve security two weeks ahead of a controversial Syrian presidential election.
    (AFP, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, In Mali Tuareg separatists said they have seized control of several towns in the north after routing government forces but they would respect calls for a ceasefire.
    (Reuters, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, Nepal said it has opened 104 more mountain peaks for climbers, including two named after the conquerors of Mount Everest, hoping more foreign climbers come to the Himalayan country.
    (AP, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, In Nigeria many schools closed around the country to protest the abductions of schoolgirls by Boko Haram, the government's failure to rescue them and the killings of scores of teachers by the Islamic extremists. Suspected Boko Haram gunmen rampaged through three villages in Borno state, killing 28 people and burning houses to the ground.
    (AP, 5/22/14)(AP, 5/24/14)
2014        May 22, North and South Korean warships exchanged artillery fire in disputed waters off the western coast, in the latest sign of rising animosity between the bitter rivals in recent weeks.
    (AP, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, The Pan American Health Organization reported more than 55,000 suspected and confirmed cases of the chikungunya virus since December throughout the Caribbean islands. The virus, spread rapidly by mosquitoes, was first identified in Africa in 1953. It has also reached French Guiana, the first confirmed transmission on the South American mainland.
    (AP, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, In Puerto Rico the US FBI issued arrest warrants for 16 police officers on charges of corruption.
    (AP, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, In Sudan battles between the Hamar and Maaliya tribes in the border region of West Kordofan and East Darfur states. At least 28 people were killed over the next 24 hours in the renewed fighting.
    (AFP, 5/24/14)
2014        May 22, Syrian troops backed by airstrikes broke a yearlong rebel siege of a prison in Aleppo, allowing Pres. Bashar Assad's forces to close in on a nearby command center of a coalition of Islamist rebel groups. Rebels had sought to free an estimated 4,000 inmates.
    (AP, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, In southern Syria a mortar shell struck a large tent late today where supporters of President Bashar Assad had gathered for election campaigning, killing at least 39 people in Daraa and wounding scores.
    (AP, 5/23/14)(SFC, 5/24/14, p.A4)
2014        May 22, Thailand's army chief General Prayuth Chan-ocha seized control of the government in a coup, two days after he declared martial law, saying the military had to restore order and push through reforms after six months of turmoil.
    (Reuters, 5/22/14)
2014        May 22, In Turkey violence erupted when police fired live ammunition as well as tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse protesters who denounced the death of a teenage boy who fell into a coma during anti-government unrest last year. At least one person was killed by gunshot and another died of wounds from a grenade explosion.
    (AFP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 22, In eastern Ukraine pro-Russia insurgents attacked a military checkpoint just north of Donetsk, killing 11 troops and wounding at least 33 others in the deadliest raid yet in weeks of fighting. One insurgent was reported killed. Separatist rebels seized four eastern coal mines and demanded that its workers supply them with explosives.
    (AP, 5/22/14)(AFP, 5/22/14)(Reuters, 5/23/14)(Econ, 5/24/14, p.46)
2014        May 22, The United Nations children's agency defended a decision to pay nearly $90,000 a month for its new office in Myanmar — a three-story house owned by the family of Maj. Gen. Nyunt Tin, who was slapped with US sanctions during the country's dictatorship.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 22, In southern Yemen a shell smashed into a vehicle and killed 5 civilians during clashes between the army and Al-Qaeda suspects near Al-Saeed, Shabwa province. The army and al-Qaida blamed each other.
    (AFP, 5/22/14)

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