Today in History - May 23

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1059        May 23, Henri I crowned his son King Philip I of France.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1153        May 23, David I (~68), king of Scotland (1124-53), died.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1162        May 23, Thomas Becket was elected archbishop of Canterbury.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Becket)

1275        May 23, King Edward I of England ordered a cessation to the persecution of French Jews.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1421        May 23, Jews of Austria were imprisoned and expelled.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1423        May 23, Benedict XIII, [Pedro the Luna], Spanish Pope (1394-1423), died. He had been elected by the Avignon cardinals during the Great Western Schism.
    (MC, 5/23/02)(PTA, 1980, p.402)

1430        May 23, Joan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians, who sold her to the English.
    (AP, 5/23/97)(HN, 5/23/98)

1498        May 23, The body of Girolamo Savonarola (45), moral scourge of Florence (1494-98), was burned along with 2 Dominican companions. An enraged crowd burned the previously hanged body of Savonarola at the same spot where he had ordered cultural works burned the year before. In 2006 Lauro Martines authored “Fire in the City," an account of Savonarola’s life.
    (www.historyguide.org/intellect/savonarola.html)(WUD, 1994, p.1672) (WSJ, 5/19/06, p.W6)

1533        May 23, The marriage of England's King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon was declared null and void.
    (AP, 5/23/97)(HN, 5/23/98)

1536        May 23, Pope Paul III installed the Portuguese Inquisition at the request of John III. Its most common accusation was maintaining outlawed Jewish practices in secret. The Inquisition was disbanded in 1821.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_Inquisition)(AP, 8/19/15)

1611        May 23, Matthias von Habsburg was chosen king of Bohemia.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1618        May 23, The Thirty Years War (1618-1648) ravaged Germany. It began when three opponents of the Reformation were thrown through a window. The “official" Defenestration of Prague was the “official" trigger for the Thirty Year’s War. Local Protestants became enraged when Catholic King Ferdinand II reneged on promises of religious freedom and stormed Hradcany Castle and threw 3 Catholic councilors out of the window and into the moat.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.90)(NH, 9/96, p.18,22)(HN, 5/23/98)

1701        May 23, Scottish-born sea captain William Kidd was hanged on the banks of the Thames after being found guilty of piracy and murder. Kidd had reluctantly became a privateer for England in 1696 and was expected to fight pirates on the open sea, seize their cargoes, and provide a hefty share of the spoils to the Crown. According to his British accusers, Kidd turned to piracy himself as the deadline for reporting to his employers in New York approached and he had not taken enough booty to fulfill his commission. Kidd himself did not know he was a wanted man until he dropped anchor in the West Indies in April 1699. He chose to surrender to the authorities and submit to a London trial, believing to the end that he could clear his name. Important evidence in his favor was suppressed and he was hanged.
    (AP, 5/23/97)(HNPD, 8/27/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Kidd)

1706        May 23, Battle of Ramillies: Marlborough defeated the French and 17,000 were killed.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1707        May 23, Carolus Linnaeus [Carl von Linné, d.1778], Swedish botanist, was born.
    (HN, 5/23/01)(WUD, 1994 p.834)

1718        May 23, William Hunter (d.1783), obstetrician, surgeon, anatomy teacher, was born near Glasgow, Scotland. In 1768 he opened a medical school. The Glasgow Hunterian Museum opened in 1807.
    (MC, 5/23/02)(http://www.hunterian.gla.ac.uk/index.html)

1734        May 23, Friedrich Anton Mesmer, physician and hypnotist, was born.
    (HN, 5/23/98)

1750        May 23, Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo," premiered in Mantua.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1779        May 23, Benedict Arnold, military governor of Philadelphia, wrote a query to the British asking what they would pay for his services. He had already begun trading with the British for personal profit and faced charges.
    (ON, 11/01, p.1)

1785        May 23, Benjamin Franklin in Paris spoke of his invention of bifocals in a letter to friend and philanthropist George Whatley.
    (www.antiquespectacles.com/topics/franklin/franklin.htm)

1788        May 23, South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U. S. Constitution.
    (AP, 5/23/97)(HN, 5/23/98)

1799        May 23, Thomas Hood (d.1845), English poet, composer (Song of the Shirt), was born. "I saw old Autumn in the misty morn Stand shadowless like silence, listening To silence."
    (AP, 9/23/98)(MC, 5/23/02)

1810        May 23, Margaret Fuller (d.1850), American social reformer, writer and critic, was born. She was the first female journalist for the New York Tribune. "Man is not made for society, but society is made for man. No institution can be good which does not tend to improve the individual."
    (AP, 7/12/97)(HN, 5/23/99)

1819        May 23, Bolivar’s revolutionary commanders met in the deserted village of Setenta, Venezuela, and planned a march across the Andes to attack Spanish forces in New Granada (Colombia).
    (ON, 3/05, p.1)

1820        May 23, James Buchanan Eads, engineer of the Eads Bridge in St. Louis, was born.
    (HN, 5/23/98)

1832        May 23, Samuel Sharp was hanged in Jamaica for leading a slave rebellion. He is survived by his immortal declaration: "I would rather die upon yonder gallows than live in slavery."
    (Econ, 2/24/07, p.73)(http://tinyurl.com/3cu2ds)

1848        May 23, Helmuth J.L. von Moltke, German general, chief of staff (WW I), was born.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1861        May 23, Virginia citizens voted 3 to 1 in favor of secession, becoming the last Confederate state.
    (HN, 5/23/98)(MC, 5/23/02)
1861        May 23, Pro Union and pro Confederate forces clashed in Clarksburg, West Virginia.
    (HN, 5/23/99)

1862        May 23, Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson took Front Royal, Virginia, in the Valley Campaign. Jackson captured 691 federal soldiers. His success was based on information from Confederate spy Isabella Boyd.
    (HN, 5/23/98)(ON, 4/10, p.2)

1863        May 23, The 7th Day Adventist church was formally established in Battle Creek, Michigan with a membership of 3,500. Among its founders was Ellen G. White, whose extensive writings are still held in high regard by Seventh-day Adventists today.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seventh-day_Adventist_Church)
1863        May 23, In Germany the General German Workers’ Association (ADAV) was founded. In 1869 it became the Social Democratic Workers’ Party of Germany (SDAP). In 1875 it became the Social Democratic Party (SPD).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_Democratic_Party_of_Germany)

1864        May 23, Union General Ulysses Grant attempted to outflank Lee in the Battle of North Anna, Virginia.
    (HN, 5/23/98)

1865        May 23, The American flag was flown at full staff over White House for the 1st time since Lincoln was shot. Union Army's Grand Review began in Washington DC.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1867        May 23, Jesse James gang robbed a bank in Richmond, Missouri, with 2 killed and $4,000 taken.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1868        May 23, Kit Carson (b.1809), American scout and frontiersman, died at Fort Lyon, Colorado. In 1999 David Roberts authored "A Newer World: Kit Carson, John C. Freemont and the Claiming of the American West."
    (WUD, 1994, p.227)(SFEC, 2/13/00, BR p.5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kit_Carson)

1873        May 23, Canada's North West Mounted Police force was established. The North West Mounted Police was formed by the Canadian government to protect new settlers in the territory between Manitoba and British Columbia. [see Mar 9]
    (AP, 5/23/97)(HNQ, 5/5/98)

1875        May 23, Alfred Pritchard Sloan, Jr., president and chairman of the board for General Motors, was born. His foundation started the cancer research center Sloan-Kettering Institute. Sloan defined the modern automobile industry and helped rescue General Motors in 1920.
    (HN, 5/23/99)(WSJ, 1//03, p.D8)

1883        May 23, Douglas Fairbanks, actor, was born in Denver, CO.
    (HN, 5/23/98)(MC, 5/23/02)
1883        May 23, The first baseball game between one-armed and one-legged players was played.
    (HN, 5/23/98)

1887        May 23, The 1st transcontinental train arrived in Vancouver, BC.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1891        May 23, Par Lagerkvist, Swedish writer (The Dwarf, Barabbas), was born.
    (HN, 5/23/01)
1871        May 23, In France extremists burned the Tuileries Palace.
    (SFC, 10/8/07, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuileries_Palace)

1895        May 23, The New York Public Library had its origins with an agreement combining the city's existing Astor and Lenox libraries. James Lenox, the son of a wealthy Scottish merchant, started the NY Public Library.
    (HFA, '96, p.30)(AP, 5/23/97)(SFCM, 12/10/00, p.12)

1900        May 23, Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney became the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, thirty-seven years after the Battle of Fort Wagner.
    (HN, 5/23/99)

1901        May 23, American forces captured Philippine rebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo.
    (HN, 5/23/98)

1903        May 23, Dr. Horatio Nelson Jackson set off to cross the US from San Francisco in his $2,500 Winton touring car with his mechanic Sewell Croker. They reached NYC July 26.
    (SFC, 6/16/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/18/03, p.A23)(ON, 9/04, p.10)

1906        May 23, Henrik Ibsen (78), Norwegian playwright and poet died in Christiania, Norway.
    (AP, 5/23/06)

1908        May 23, John Bardeen, physicist, co-inventor of the transistor, was born.
    (HN, 5/23/01)
1908        May 23, Part of the Great White Fleet arrived in Puget Sound, Washington.
    (HN, 5/23/98)
1908        May 23, In the SF Bay Area John Morrell and his crew boarded their 485-foot airship in a field near Berkeley High School. The ship’s gas bag burst at 300-feet and the 20 men aboard plunged to the ground. 9 were seriosuly injured but no one died.
    (SFC, 10/11/14, p.C2)

1910        May 23, Franz Kline (d.1962), American painter of abstract expressionist style, was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
    (www.guggenheimcollection.org/site/artist_bio_77.html)
1910        May 23, Artie Shaw (d.2004), jazz bandleader and clarinetist, was born as Arthur Jacoby Arshawsky on the Lower East Side of NYC to poor Eastern European Jewish immigrants.
    (HN, 5/23/01)(SFC, 12/31/04, p.A4)

1911        May 23, The NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue was dedicated by Pres Taft. In 2008 the central reference building at 42nd and Fifth Avenue was renamed "The Stephen A. Schwarzman Building following a $100 million contribution by Schwarzman (b.1947), co-founder of the Blackstone Group, toward the expansion of the New York Public Library.
    (SFC, 5/23/11, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_A._Schwarzman)

1915        May 23, Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary in World War I. Italy entered World War I and came up against the Austro-Hungarian forces including many Slovenians in the Julian Alps near Trieste. Over 29 months 12 major battles were fought along the Soca River.
    (AP, 5/23/97)(HN, 5/23/98)(SFEC, 7/9/00, p.T14)

1920        May 23, Helen O'Connell, big band vocalist, was born.
    (HN, 5/23/01)

1921        May 23, James [Benjamin] Blish, US-UK sci-fi author (Hugo,  Black Easter, Star Trek Reader), was born.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1922        May 23, "Abbie’s Irish Rose" opened for the 1st of over 2,500 performances.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1928        May 23, Rosemary Clooney (d.2002), singer, was born in Maysville, Ky.
    (HN, 5/23/01)(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.A20)
1928        May 23, Italian Gen. Nobile reached the North Pole for a 2nd time with a 16-man crew aboard the dirigible Italia. The ship crashed the next day.
    (ON, 10/00, p.5)

1934        May 23, Robert A. Moog, electrical engineer, creator of the Moog synthesizer, was born.
    (HN, 5/23/01)
1934        May 23, Wallace Carothers manufactured the 1st nylon, polymer 66.
    (MC, 5/23/02)
1934        May 23, Bonnie Parker (23) and Clyde Barrow (24) were shot some 4 dozen times early in the morning in a police ambush by Texas Rangers as they were driving a stolen Ford Deluxe along a road in Bienville Parish, near Sailes, La. This ended the most spectacular manhunt seen in America up to that time. The pair had spent the previous 2 years killing and robbing banks in the Midwest. Bonnie Parker was 19 and Clyde Barrow was 21 when they met in Dallas in 1930. By the time the Barrow gang's crime spree ended four years later, Bonnie, Clyde, Clyde's brother Buck and Buck's wife had terrorized the Southwest and Midwest and were believed to have committed 13 murders. In 1997 Clyde’s bullet-ridden shirt was auctioned off to a Nevada casino for $85,000. His largest theft was estimated at $4,000. In 1979 Ted Hinton and Larry Grove authored "Ambush: The Real Story of Bonnie and Clyde." In 2009 Jeff Guinn authored “Go Down Together: the True Untold Story of Bonnie and Clyde."
    (SFC, 4/3/97, p.A13)(SFC, 4/15/97, p.A13)(AP, 5/23/97)(HN, 5/23/02)(ON, 7/02, p.3)(WSJ, 3/10/09, p.A13)

1937        May 23, John Davison Rockefeller (97), industrialist, died in Ormond Beach, Fla. In 1998 Ron Chernow published this biography: “Titan: The Life of John D, Rockefeller, Sr." His value in 1999 dollars totaled $190 billion.
    (AP, 5/23/97)(WSJ, 5/8/98, p.W1)(SFEC, 5/23/99, Par p.7)(MC, 5/23/02)

1939        May 23, The US submarine Squalus sank off the coast of New Hampshire. A diving bell designed by Charles "Swede" Momsen (d.1967) brought 33 survivors (26 perished) safely to the surface. In 1999 Peter Maas authored "The Terrible Hours," an account of the sinking and rescue. This was the first successful undersea rescue operation to retrieve a sunken submarine crew
    (SFEC, 9/26/99, Par p.4,5)(WSJ, 8/17/00, p.A22)(HNQ, 5/29/01)
1939        May 23, British parliament planned to make Palestine independent by 1949.
    (MC, 5/23/02)
1939        May 23, Hitler proclaimed he wants to move into Poland.
    (MC, 5/23/02)
1939        May 23, Dmitri Shostakovitch was appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1940        May 23, Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra, the Pied Pipers and featured soloist Frank Sinatra recorded "I'll Never Smile Again" in New York for RCA.
    (AP, 5/23/97)
1940        May 23, The 1st great dogfight between Spitfires took place.
    (MC, 5/23/02)
1940        May 23, The Polish submarine ORP Orzel left Rosyth, Scotland, and disappeared in the North Sea during a mission with the Allies.
    (AP, 1/2/15)

1943        May 23, Thomas Mann began writing his novel Dr. Faustus.
    (MC, 5/23/02)
1943        May 23-24, Some 826 Allied bombers attacked Dortmund.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1944        May 23, During World War II, Allied forces bogged down in Anzio began a major breakout offensive.
    (AP, 5/23/99)

1945        May 23, Winston Churchill, the head Britain’s coalition government, resigned pending the upcoming general election. He continued to serve as the head of the caretaker government which lasted till he lost the election on July 26 and officially resigned as PM.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caretaker_Government_1945)
1945        May 23, British military police arrested Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz, Hitler's designated successor ("Fuhrer for a Weekend").
    (MC, 5/23/02)
1945        May 23, Heinrich Himmler (44), the head of the Nazi Gestapo, committed suicide while imprisoned in Luneburg, Germany.
    (AP, 5/23/97)(HN, 5/23/01)

1947        May 23, Jane Kenyon, poet (Let Evening Come, Otherwise), was born.
    (HN, 5/23/01)

1948        May 23, China’s People's Liberation Army began to encircle the Nationalist defenders in Changchun, while cutting off air transportation. The siege lasted for 150 days and ended when the People's Liberation Army under Gen. Lin Biao entered Changchun after the Nationalist 60th Army and New 7th Army surrendered. Some 160,000 civilians died, mainly of hunger, trapped in a killing zone outside the city walls.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Changchun)(Econ, 9/7/13, p.80)

1949        May 23, The Federal Republic of (West) Germany with Bonn as the capital officially came into existence under a new constitution.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1684)(Econ, 3/28/09, p.59)

1951        May 23, Anatoli Karpov, world chess champion (1975-85), was born in the USSR.
    (MC, 5/23/02)
1951        May 23, Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels," premiered in London.
    (MC, 5/23/02)
1951        May 23, The Dalai Lama signed the “17-point agreement" in which he agreed to accept Chinese sovereignty over Tibet.
    (www.friends-of-tibet.org.nz/17-point-agreement.html)(Econ, 5/21/11, p.42)

1953        May 23, Schools 1st used Cliff's Notes.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1958        May 23, Mao Tse Tung started his "Great leap forward" movement in China. China tried to modernize its economy in “The Great Leap Forward" and urged factories and farms to meet impossible production targets.  Farmers were forced to pool their possessions and devote all land to grain cultivation. Rather than concede failure, local officials misled central planners about output. The result: a famine that may have killed as many as 30 million people by the end of 1960. The story is told by Jasper Becker in his 1997 book “Hungry Ghosts: Mao’s Secret Famine."
    (WSJ 12/10/93)(SFEC, 10/7/96, A12)(WSJ, 2/7/97, p.A14)(MC, 5/23/02)

1959        May 23, Presbyterian church accepted women preachers.
    (MC, 5/23/02)

1960        May 23, A tidal wave, due to a 9.5 earthquake off Chile, hit Hilo, Hawaii. It killed 61 people, wiped out the beaches and destroyed 537 buildings. It went on to hit Japan.
    (SFEC, 4/2/00, p.T4)(SSFC, 8/25/02, p.C14)
1960        May 23, Israel announced Israeli agents had captured former Nazi official SS Lt. Col. Adolf Eichmann in Argentina. Eichmann was tried in Israel, found guilty of crimes against humanity, and hanged in 1962. [see May 11]
    (WSJ, 4/28/97, p.A17)(AP, 5/23/02)

1962        May 23, OAS leader general Raoul Salan was sentenced to life in prison. French general Raoul Salan led a failed army revolt in Algeria (July, 1960) and then fled abroad, continuing to direct increasing terrorist Secret Army Organization (OAS) attacks on the French and Algerian governments, turning the Algerian War of Independence into a three-way war in Algeria and a right-wing guerrilla insurrection in France.
    (http://tinyurl.com/d8qm2)
1962        May 23, Ruben Jaramillo, Mexican agrarian reformer, was assassinated along with his family by state forces.
    (SFC, 12/31/96, p.C9)(AP, 5/23/04)

1964        May 23, In San Francisco 6 people died in a fire at All Hallows Catholic Church. Panic seized some 250 people after a Samoan fire dancer’s pan of gasoline exploded from a cigarette lighter.
    (SSFC, 5/25/14, DB p.42)

1965        May 23, David Smith (b.1906), American sculptor, died in Albany NY. His farm in upstate New York was named the Terminal Iron Works. His work included "Circle and Box," "XI Books, III Apples," "Lunar Arc," "Becca" and "Rebecca Circle."
    (www.guggenheimcollection.org/site/artist_bio_146B.html)

1969        May 23, The BBC ordered 13 episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus.
    (www.querycat.com/faq/a99b3004b7265291928d484e51b547ea)
1969        May 23, The Who released their rock opera "Tommy."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tommy_(album))

1971        May 23, In California poet Lou Welch (b.1926) walked away from Gary Snider’s residence in the Sierra foothills and was never seen again.
    (SFC, 8/15/97, p.A21)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lew_Welch)

1975        May 23, The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the sale of turtles with shells that measured less than four inches in length. The turtles were identified as major carriers of salmonella bacterium and had been widely sold as pets for kids.
    (WSJ, 5/30/96, p.B1)(http://tiny.cc/IEWJ3)
1975        May 23, Jackie "Moms" Mabley (b.1894), comedienne, died. Her films included  “Amazing Grace" (1974).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moms_Mabley)

1977        May 23, Pres. Jimmy Carter presented an environmental message to Congress: "I am directing to make a one-year study of the probable changes in the world’s population, natural resources and environment through the end of the century. This study will serve as the foundation of our longer-term planning. The Global 2000 Report sold 1.5 million copies and pronounced a world that would be more crowded, more polluted, less stable ecologically and more vulnerable to disruption than the world of 1980.
    (SFC, 12/31/00, WB p.1)
1977        May 23, The US Supreme Court refused to hear appeals of former Nixon White House aides H.R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman & John Mitchell in connection with their Watergate convictions.
    (AP, 5/23/04)
1977        May 23, Moluccan extremists held 105 schoolchildren and 50 others hostage on a hijacked train in Netherlands. The children were released May 27. The siege ended June 11.
    (www.tkb.org/Group.jsp?groupID=4024)

1982        May 23, The British HMS Antelope was attacked. It sank the next day after an unexploded bomb detonates. Ten Argentine aircraft were destroyed.
    (www.yendor.com/vanished/falklands-war.html)

1983        May 23, Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev (35) praised Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia. He was removed from the air. Soviet sources said that Vladimir Danchev, the Radio Moscow news announcer who twice in six days described Soviet troops in Afghanistan as an occupying force, had been dismissed and was under investigation.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3dv7cx)

1985        May 23, Thomas Patrick Cavanagh, an aerospace engineer who admitted trying to sell "stealth" bomber secrets to the Soviet Union, was sentenced in Los Angeles to life in prison.
    (AP, 5/23/05)

1986        May 23, Sterling Hayden (b.1916), actor and author, died in Sausalito, Ca. he appeared in 35 films and wrote two books, including his autobiography: “The Wanderer."
    (http://movies.aol.com/celebrity/sterling-hayden/31197/biography)(SSFC, 5/22/11, DB p.46)

1987        May 23, Rescue workers and survivors searched through the rubble of a killer tornado in Saragosa, Texas, that had claimed 30 lives. Texas Gov. Bill Clements expressed his sorrow, and pledged all possible help.
    (AP, 5/23/97)

1988        May 23, Less than a week before a scheduled superpower summit in Moscow, Secretary of State George Shultz went to Capitol Hill to ask for a prompt Senate vote to ratify the intermediate-range nuclear missile treaty.
    (AP, 5/23/98)

1989        May 23, An estimated 1 million people in Beijing and tens of thousands in other Chinese cities marched to demand that Premier Li Peng resign.
    (AP, 5/23/99)

1990        May 23, Clinton’s campaign for a 5th term as governor of Arkansas received a $60,000 loan from the Perry County Bank. More cash was requested a few days later.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A7)
1990        May 23, Neil Bush, son of the president, denied any wrongdoing as a director of a failed Denver savings-and-loan in testimony before Congress. The cost of rescuing US savings & loan failures was put at up to $130 billion.
    (AP, 5/23/00)(www.mof.go.jp/english/f_review/fr51e.htm)
1990        May 23, The Soviet Union unveiled an economic-reform program that included plans for a national referendum.
    (AP, 5/23/00)

1991        May 23, In a five-to-four vote, the US Supreme Court upheld regulations barring federally subsidized family planning clinics from discussing abortion with pregnant women, or from telling women where they could get abortions.
    (AP, 5/23/01)
1991        May 23, Holly Washa (22) of Burien, Washington, was kidnapped, raped and soon murdered. Cal Coburn Brown was convicted of murder in 1993 and sentenced to death in 1994. In 2009 the Washington supreme Court granted a last minute reprieve and postponed his execution, which would have been the state’s first since 2001.
    (SFC, 3/13/09, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/alz33r)
1991        May 23, Last Cubans troops left Angola.
    (www.iie.com/research/topics/sanctions/cuba.cfm)
1991        May 23, Peter T. Thwaites, British brig-gen, playwright (Love or money), died.
    (www.aim25.ac.uk/cgi-bin/search2?coll_id=723&inst_id=21)

1992        May 23, Pres. Bush issued Executive Order 12807 authorizing the repatriation of Haitian refugees interdicted by the Coast Guard.
    (http://uscis.gov/graphics/aboutus/history/nov91.htm)
1992        May 23, The United States and four former Soviet republics signed an agreement in Lisbon, Portugal, to implement the START missile-reduction treaty that had been agreed to by the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution.
    (AP, 5/23/97)
1992        May 23, In Sicily anti-Mafia investigator Giovannii Falcone was murdered on a highway outside Palermo. Falcone’s wife and 3 bodyguards were also killed. Sicilian politician Salvo Lima was also murdered. Anti-Mafia investigator Paolo Borsellino was killed in another blast some months later. In 1997 Pietro Aglieri, aka "U Signurinu" (The Little Gentleman), was arrested for involvement in all three murders. 24 mobsters were convicted in the murder in 1997, including Leoluca Bagarella.
    (SFC, 9/27/97, p.A12)(SFEC, 6/7/98, p.A23)(http://giovanni-falcone.foosquare.com/)

1993        May 23, A jury in Baton Rouge, La., acquitted Rodney Peairs of manslaughter in the shooting death of Yoshi Hattori, a Japanese exchange student he'd mistaken for an intruder. Peairs was later found liable in a civil suit brought by Hattori's parents.
    (AP, 5/23/08)

1994        May 23, "Pulp Fiction" by American director Quentin Tarantino won the Golden Palm for best film at the 47th Cannes Film Festival.
    (AP, 5/23/99)
1994        May 23, Funeral services were held at Arlington National Cemetery for former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.
    (AP, 5/23/97)
1994        May 23, Some 270 pilgrims, most of them Indonesian, were killed in a stampede in Mecca as worshippers surge toward cavern for symbolic ritual of "stoning the devil."
    (AP, 2/1/04)

1995        May 23, Leland William Modjeski (37), a graduate student, was shot and wounded on the White House lawn after scaling a fence with an unloaded gun.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
1995        May 23, The nine-story hulk of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was demolished. That day, James Nichols, whose brother and a friend were charged in the Oklahoma bombing, was released from federal custody.
    (AP, 5/23/00)

1996        May 23, The US House approved, by a vote of 281-144, election-year legislation to raise the minimum wage by 90 cents an hour.
    (AP, 5/23/97)
1996        May 23, The Mt. Tabor Baptist Church in Cerro Gordo, N.C., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1996        May 23, In San Francisco the Joe Goode Performance Group celebrated its 10th anniversary with the opening of "The Maverick Strain," a spoken word and dance performance that explored the renegade impulse in American culture.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.B1)
1996        May 23, Federal agents in the Bay Area and Sacramento, Ca., began arresting agents of China’s two main government-owned arms companies on suspicion of smuggling 2,000 illegal automatic assault weapons into the US. The smugglers are representatives of China Northern Industrial Corp. (Norinco) and Poly Technologies. Norinco reports to the State Council headed by Premier Li Peng. Poly Tech operates under the Chinese army General Staff, which reports to Chinese Pres. Jiang Zemin.
    (SFC, 5/23/96, p.A1)(SFC, 5/23/96, p.A17)
1996        May 23, The Armed Islamic Group said that it had killed 7 French Trappist monks who were kidnapped two months ago from the Notre Dame de l’Atlas monastery at Tibhirine near Medea on Mar 27. Only their decapitated heads were found. In 2002 John W. Kister authored "The Monks of Tibhirine." In 2010 this story was covered in the French film “Of Gods and Men."
    (SFC, 5/24/96, p.A14)(WSJ, 2/19/02, p.A24)(Econ, 2/19/11, p.95)
1996        May 23, In Bangladesh as many as 77 people were feared drowned in a sunken ferry after a collision on the Jamuna River. More than 50 ferries have sunk since 1981 killing more than 1,000 people.
    (SFC, 5/25/96, p.A11)
1996        May 23, In Mexico a teacher’s march turned into a bloody confrontation with police and 40 teachers were injured. Pres. Zedillo later fired Police Chief David Garay for his heavy-handed action.
    (SFC, 6/1/96, p.A12)
1996        May 23, A North Korean pilot flew his unarmed Mig-19 jet to South Korea. Capt. Lee Chul Soo (30) was the first pilot to defect since 1983.
    (SFC, 5/24/96, p.A12)

1997        May 23, The defense at the Oklahoma City bombing trial suffered an embarrassing setback when one of its own witnesses provided testimony damaging to defendant Timothy McVeigh.
    (AP, 5/23/98)
1997        May 23, The Senate decisively approved a carefully constructed deal to balance the budget and cut taxes.
    (AP, 5/23/98)
1997        May 23, In Algiers 2 car bombs exploded and killed 7 people and wounded 12 in the town of Tlemcen.
    (SFC, 5/24/97, p.C1)
1997        May 23, In Indonesia thousands rampaged the streets of Jakarta after a confrontation between the rival United Development Party and the ruling Golkar Party. A 5-day cooling off period was declared. On Borneo as many as 130 people died in a shopping complex fire set by rioters during a political clash.
    (SFEC, 5/26/97, p.A10)(SFC, 5/24/97, p.A8)
1997        May 23, In Iran presidential elections put conservative speaker Ali Akbar Nateq Nouri against left-leaning cleric Mohammad Khatami (54). Former Culture Minister Mohammad Khatemi won in a landslide over hard-liners in the ruling Muslim clergy.
    (WSJ, 3/20/97, p.A12)(AP, 5/23/98)(SFEC, 5/25/97,  p.1)
1997        May 23, Russia and Belarus signed a union charter for economic, military and political cooperation.
    (SFC, 5/24/97, p.A8)
1997        May 23, From Russia it was reported that huge forest fires near Lake Baikal had consumed more than 400,000 acres of Siberian woodland and killed 20 people over the last 2 months.
    (SFC, 5/23/97, p.A18)

1998        May 23, From Guatemala it was reported that the Pacaya volcano had erupted during the week and covered Guatemala City with a half-inch of grit.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A5)
1998        May 23, From India and Pakistan it was reported that temperatures had reached 120 degrees and claimed 34 lives. Most of the fatalities occurred in the southwestern Indian state of Maharashtra.
    (SFC, 5/23/98, p.A5)
1998        May 23, Official returns showed two convincing "yes" votes for the Northern Ireland peace accord: a surprisingly strong 71.1 percent in British-linked Northern Ireland, and 94.4 percent in the Republic of Ireland.
    (AP, 5/23/99)

1999        May 23, At Cannes the Belgian film "Rosetta" by Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne won the Golden Palm Award at the 52nd Cannes Film Festival. The Russian film 'Moloch" won for best screenplay and "Humanity" by Frenchman Bruno Dumont won the runner-up Grand Jury Prize. The Jury Prize went to "The Letter" by Portuguese director Manoel de Oliveira.
    (SFC, 5/24/99, p.D3)
1999        May 23, Owen Hart (33), a professional wrestler also known as "The Blue Blazer," was killed when he fell 50 [78] feet while being lowered into the ring at a World Wrestling Federation show in Kansas City. The fall was revised to 90 feet in front of 16,200 fans at the Kemper Arena.
    (SFC, 5/24/99, p.A6)(SFC, 5/25/99, p.A3)(AP, 5/23/00)
1999        May 23, Some 14,000 ethnic Albanians crossed the border from Kosovo to Macedonia in the last 2 days.
    (SFC, 5/24/99, p.A12)
1999        May 23, In Algeria men armed with guns and bombs attacked a village near Medea and killed 10 people.
    (SFC, 5/24/99, p.A13)
1999        May 23, In Germany Johannes Rau, a prominent Social Democrat, was elected president by the 1,338 member federal assembly with a 690 majority.
    (SFC, 5/24/99, p.A13)
1999        May 23, In Indonesia thousands rallied in the streets of Jakarta in support of Megawati Sukarnoputri.
    (SFC, 5/24/99, p.A14)
1999        May 23, In Iraq US planes bombed Iraqi defense systems.
    (SFC, 5/24/99, p.A13)

2000        May 23, Two weeks before a US-Russia arms summit, presidential candidate George W. Bush said he would slash America’s nuclear arsenal as part of a broad national security review that would call for a missile-defense system.
    (AP, 5/23/01)
2000        May 23, The US Nasdaq market fell 6% to 3,164.55.
    (SFC, 5/24/00, p.A1)
2000        May 23, Ethiopian forces reclaimed Zalambessa, which was seized by Eritrea 2 years ago.
    (WSJ, 5/24/00, p.A1)
2000        May 23, In France the 15-day strike by armored truck security guards ended after they agreed to a risk premium of $138 per month.
    (SFC, 5/24/00, p.C4)
2000        May 23, The South Lebanon Army abandoned its positions and Israel’s 22-year occupation of its “security zone" ended.
    (SFC, 5/24/00, p.A1)
2000        May 23, In Nigeria Christians and Muslims clashed for a 2nd day in Kaduna and the death toll mounted to 100.
    (SFC, 5/24/00, p.C4)

2001        May 23, The US Senate passed an 11-year, $1.35 trillion tax cut bill.
    (AP, 5/23/02)
2001        May 23, Pres. Bush banned the import of rough diamonds from Liberia in an effort to deprive rebels in Sierra Leone of a source of funds.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.C3)
2001        May 23, Pres. Bush met with the Dalai Lama as China condemned the Taiwan president’s visit to NYC.
    (WSJ, 5/24/01, p.A1)
2001        May 23, US Sec. of State Colin Powell began his 4-nation African tour in Mali and met with Pres. Alfa Omar Konare.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.C2)
2001        May 23, In Arizona 12 illegal Mexican immigrants were found dead due to dehydration. 2 more were found dead the next day. In 2002 Jesus Lopez-Ramos, one of 3 smugglers, was sentenced to 16 years in prison. In 2004 Luis Alberto Urrea authored "The Devil's Highway: A True Story," about the ill-fated crossing.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.A3)(SFC, 5/25/01, p.A3)(SFC, 2/23/02, p.A5)(SSFC, 4/11/04, p.M2)
2001        May 23, An Israeli contractor was killed in an ambush in the West Bank. 38 Palestinians including 15 children were wounded in a firefight at the Rafah refugee camp in Gaza.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.A14)
2001        May 23, India called off a 6-month cease-fire in Kashmir and at the same time invited Pakistan’s military leader to visit and discuss how to bring peace to the region.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.C2)
2001        May 23, The negotiations for the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants were completed in Stockholm, Sweden. The convention entered into force on May 17th, 2004 with ratification by an initial 128 parties and 151 signatories.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockholm_Convention)(SSFC, 7/6/08, p.A2)
2001        May 23, The UN reported that in Sierra Leone some 2,300 fighters turned in their weapons in the 1st 6 days of a new disarmament deal.
    (SFC, 5/24/01, p.C3)

2002        May 23, Pres. Bush at a Berlin press conference said that he expects Pres. Putin to “get on board" with America's hard-line policy toward Iran and Iraq. Bush also addressed the German Parliament and said terrorist groups constitute a “new totalitarian threat," and then flew on to Moscow.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A1)
2002        May 23, It was reported that the US government had charged Jeffrey A. Royer, a former FBI agent, with giving stock traders information on criminal probes of public companies in a scheme hatched by investor Amr “Anthony" Elgindy. 3 others were also charged including a current FBI agent.
    (WSJ, 5/23/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 5/29/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 8/22/02, p.A1)
2002        May 23, The Pentagon reported that the Defense Dept. sprayed live nerve and biological agents over Navy ships in 6 six tests between 1964-1968. The Project shipboard Hazard and Defense (SHAD) experiments included the use of sarin and VX nerve gases and the staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB).
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A7)
2002        May 23, Sam Snead (89), golfing legend, died.
    (WSJ, 5/24/02, p.A1)
2002        May 23, The UN voted to extend the mandate for an int'l. force in Afghanistan for 6 months but with no expansion of troops or presence beyond Kabul.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A13)
2002        May 23, Pope John Paul II visited Bulgaria, his 1st to the Orthodox nation of just 80,000 thousand Catholics.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A13)
2002        May 23, In Israel a bomb exploded under a tanker truck near a fuel depot but failed to ignite the tanker fuel.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A18)
2002        May 23, The Israeli Embassy in Paris burned beyond repair. A faulty circuit was suspected.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A16)
2002        May 23, Pedro Carmona (60), CEO of Industrias Venoco CA and Venezuela‘s recent 2-day president, escaped house arrest and sought refuge in the Colombian Embassy.
    (SFC, 5/24/02, p.A16)(WSJ, 3/10/08, p.A5)

2003        May 23, Golfer Annika Sorenstam failed to make the 36-hole cut at the PGA Tour in Fort Worth, Texas, missing the cut by four strokes. She was the first woman to play in a PGA Tour event in 58 years.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2003        May 23, The US Congress gave its final approval to $330 billion in new tax cuts for families, investors and businesses. Congress passed a $350 billion, 10-year tax cut.
    (AP, 5/23/03)(WSJ, 11/3/04, p.A6)
2003        May 23, US defense officials reported that American troops had confiscated gold bars valued at $34 million from a truck in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 5/23/03)
2003        May 23, Another travel alert for Toronto, Canada, was issued following the report of 20 possible new cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
    (AP, 5/24/03)
2003        May 23, Researchers from China and Hong Kong identified a coronavirus in 3 wild mammals, palm civets, a raccoon dog and a ferret badger, sold in the live-animal food markets of South China.
    (SFC, 5/24/03, p.A1)
2003        May 23, In India officials reported that a heat wave in southern Indian has killed at least 198 people in the past eight days.
    (AP, 5/23/03)
2003        May 23, Israel's PM Ariel Sharon agreed to work with a US-backed peace plan to end 32 months of fighting and to set up a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 5/23/03)
2003        May 23, The Democratic Party in the Dutch Caribbean territory of St. Maarten won legislative elections, winning support for its platform of working with the regional government before seeking independence from the Netherlands.
    (AP, 5/24/03)

2004        May 23, Seattle’s new $165 million downtown Central Library, designed by Rem Koolhaas, officially opened.
    (SFC, 5/21/04, p.W1)(WSJ, 1/13/05, p.D8)
2004        May 23, In eastern Bangladesh 2 river ferries carrying about 250 passengers capsized during a storm, and dozens of people were feared dead. The death toll climbed to 74.
    (AP, 5/24/04)(WSJ, 5/24/04, p.A1)(AP, 5/25/04)
2004        May 23, Rod Hall (53), British literary agent, was found dead in his London home. An autopsy revealed the cause of death to be multiple stab wounds to the chest and abdomen. On May 29 Usman Durrani, 20, a student from east London, was charged with the murder.
    (AP, 5/30/04)
2004        May 23, In France a section of the futuristic, cylindrical passenger terminal at Paris' Charles de Gaulle airport collapsed, killing 4 people and injuring three.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2004        May 23, In Germany Horst Koehler, a former head of the IMF and advocate of bolder economic reforms, was elected as the country's 9th postwar president.
    (AP, 5/23/04)(Econ, 5/22/04, p.47)
2004        May 23, In India's portion of Kashmir suspected Islamic militants blew up a military bus, killing at least 33 soldiers and relatives, and wounding 15.
    (AP, 5/23/04)(SFC, 5/24/04, p.A7)
2004        May 23, It was reported that Iraq faces an estimated $120 billion debt including over $21 billion creditors of the Paris Club.
    (SSFC, 5/23/04, p.A1)
2004        May 23, In Iraq US troops battled fighters loyal to a radical Muslim cleric in his stronghold of Kufa, and at least 32 insurgents and three civilians were killed. Gunmen killed a police captain and a university student who were headed by car to Baghdad from Baqouba. Insurants loyal to al-Sadr gave up control of central Karbala.
    (AP, 5/23/04)(SFC, 5/24/04, p.A1)
2004        May 23, A car explosion rocked the West Bank city of Nablus, killing at least 2 people. Israeli military denied responsibility.
    (AP, 5/23/04)
2004        May 23, In Tunisia Arab leaders concluded a 2-day summit and committed their countries to political reforms.
    (SFC, 5/24/04, p.A7)

2005        May 23, US Senate moderates reached a bipartisan compromise agreeing on a yes-no vote on some disputed judicial nominees and not to block future ones except in extraordinary circumstances. Republicans agreed to back off a bid to end filibusters in such cases.
    (WSJ, 5/24/05, p.A1)
2005        May 23, President Bush said that US troops in Afghanistan will remain under US control despite Afghan President Hamid Karzai's request for more authority over them.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, Kansas City rapper Anthony “Fat Tone" Watkins (24) and another man were found shot dead in the Southern Highlands area of Las Vegas. Police later said that a SF rap promoter named Andre Dow, aka “Mac Minister," and Jason Mathis killed the 2 men to avenge the Nov, 2004, killing of Andre “Mac Dre" Hicks in Kansas. Mathis was arrested in 2005 in SF. Dow was arrested in 2006 in SF.
    (SFC, 5/26/05, p.B5)(SFC, 11/29/05, p.A1)(SFC, 3/3/06, p.B7)
2005        May 23, Afghan and coalition forces killed two insurgents in a firefight in central Afghanistan, while US aircraft bombed and destroyed a cave where about six other rebels were believed hiding.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 23, Thousands of British Broadcasting Corp. journalists and technicians began a 24-hour strike over proposed job cuts, severely disrupting radio and TV programs.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, In Shenzhen, China, 16 buildings toppled near the Hong Kong border in what state media said was the largest urban demolition blast ever in China.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, In eastern Congo militiamen calling themselves Rastas killed at least 18 people and kidnapped at least 50 others in a late-night attack on the village of Ninja, hacking their victims to death as they ran for safety.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 23, A Russian-made plane crashed shortly after takeoff near Bunyakiri, Congo, killing 26 people.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2005        May 23, French anti-terrorist officers captured three suspected members of the Basque separatist group ETA in an early morning sweep in southeast France.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, A string of car bombs and suicide attacks across Iraq killed at least 49 Iraqis and wounded more than 130. Militants assassinated a top national security official. Five US troops were killed by roadside bombs and a vehicle accident.
    (AP, 5/23/05)(AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 23, In Ireland a bus full of high school students collided with two cars northwest of Dublin on and tipped over into a ditch, killing five teenage girls and injuring 50 people.
    (AP, 5/24/05)
2005        May 23, Morocco's king pulled out of the first North African summit in more than a decade, over Algeria's latest comments in a long-running dispute over independence for Western Sahara. Moroccan King Mohammed VI will be represented at the two-day summit in Tripoli, Libya, by Morocco's foreign minister, Mohamed Benaissa.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate announced a wildcat exploration well drilled in the Norwegian Sea has made a promising natural gas strike, although it was too early to say how large.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, The Palestinian Election Commission said that parliamentary elections scheduled for July 17 will be delayed because it needed more time to prepare for the vote.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, Ryszard Kalisz, Poland's interior minister, offered his resignation amid reports of growing corruption in police forces around the country.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, The Vatican said there was no investigation under way of allegations that Rev. Marcial Maciel Degallado, the Mexican founder of a conservative religious order, sexually abused seminarians more than 30 years ago.
    (AP, 5/23/05)
2005        May 23, In Zimbabwe paramilitary units armed with batons and tear gas patrolled Harare's main roads as police warned they would not tolerate any more protests against their crackdown on street trading, the only livelihood for thousands in the shattered economy.
    (AP, 5/23/05)

2006        May 23, Pres. Bush met with Israel’s OM Olmert and urged him to reach out to Abbas as an alternative to dealing with Hamas.
    (WSJ, 5/24/06, p.A1)
2006        May 23, A US federal agency charged that employees at mortgage giant Fannie Mae manipulated accounting so that executives could collect millions in bonuses as senior management deceived investors and stonewalled regulators. Federal regulators expected a $400 million settlement.
    (AP, 5/23/06)(SFC, 5/24/06, p.C1)
2006        May 23, In a recording posted on the Internet, a voice purported to be that of Osama bin Laden said neither Zacarias Moussaoui, the only person convicted in the US for the Sept. 11 attacks, nor anyone held at Guantanamo had anything to do with the al-Qaida operation.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2006        May 23, ABC appointed Charles Gibson to replace Elizabeth Vargas as anchor of its "World News Tonight" evening newscast.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2006        May 23, In California the Hercules City Council voted unanimously to use eminent domain to prevent Wal-Mart from building a bog box store on a 17-acre lot near the city’s waterfront on the SF Bay.
    (SFC, 5/24/06, p.B1)
2006        May 23, Washington Mutual Inc., the nation's largest savings and loan, notified 1,400 workers in Washington and Florida that they will lose their jobs as part of the company's cost-saving strategy.
    (AP, 5/24/06)
2006        May 23, MIT unveiled its first working prototype of its $100 laptop designed for the Third World under an initiative named “One Laptop Per Child."
    (SFC, 5/24/06, p.C3)
2006        May 23, Lloyd Bentsen (b.1921), former Texas senator, died at his home in Houston. In 1988 Michael Dukakis picked him as his vice-president candidate. In 1993 he became Bill Clinton’s first treasury secretary.
    (SFC, 5/24/06, p.A2)(Econ, 6/3/06, p.84)
2006        May 23, In Afghanistan Pres. Hamid Karzai ordered an investigation into US airstrikes on a village that killed at least 16 civilians and asked to meet with the US commander of forces. A land mine blew up under a vehicle carrying a team of Afghan health workers, killing a doctor, two nurses and their driver.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, In Bangladesh angry garment workers set fire to seven textile factories in and around the capital after news that an employee shot in the back during recent protests over better pay and working conditions had died.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, Congo arrested a group of foreign security guards on suspicion of plotting a coup ahead of national elections. Interior Minister Theophile Mbemba said there were three Americans, 10 Nigerians and 12 South Africans among the group of 32 taken into custody. Mbemba said all the men had received visits from their respective ambassadors.
    (AP, 5/24/06)
2006        May 23, Fighting between disgruntled former soldiers and the military left at least two people dead in East Timor, as Australia and New Zealand offered to provide troops to the tiny nation to help restore calm.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met the Shanghai bishop from the Chinese Catholic church on the final day of a visit in which rights issues took center stage alongside trade.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, Warplanes from Greece and Turkey collided over the Aegean Sea island of Karpathos as they shadowed each other. Officials said the Turkish pilot was rescued unhurt, and a search was launched for the Greek pilot.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, Iran’s government closed one of the country's top three newspapers, detaining its editor and cartoonist, Mana Neyestani, for publishing a caricature that caused members of Iran's Azeri minority to riot in protest. Amnesty International said in a report in 2007 that 19 people were reported killed in the unrest and hundreds arrested. Neyestani was released from jail after 3 months and fled the country with his wife. In 2012 he published his autobiographical comic book "An Iranian Metamorphosis," a Kafkaesque story recounting his 2006 jailing.
            (AP, 5/23/06)(AFP, 2/10/12)
2006        May 23, A bomb went off in a motorcycle parked in the courtyard of a Shiite mosque in Baghdad, killing 11 people and wounding at least nine, the deadliest of the attacks across Iraq that claimed 40 lives. A US soldier died when his patrol was attacked by small arms fire and rocket-propelled grenades south of Balad.
    (AP, 5/23/06)(AP, 5/25/06)
2006        May 23, Ibrahim Hamed (41), a top Hamas military commander, surrendered in Ramallah after Israeli troops surrounded his hideout and threatened to demolish it with him inside. He was linked by Israel to attacks that killed 78 people, including five Americans.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, Italy's new deputy economics minister called the nation's economic situation "a disaster," saying the deficit in 2006 may exceed 4.5 percent of gross domestic product.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, Ziad Khalaf Raja al-Karbouly, an Iraqi government contractor, confessed on Jordanian television to kidnapping and killing on the orders of al-Qaida in Iraq before he was lured to Jordan and arrested.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, Mexico’s Pres. Fox began a five-day trip to the US in Utah before moving on to Washington state and California. Immigration was the major focus of Fox's trip as the US Senate considered legislation to strengthen border security
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, In Mexico 3 men were shot to death in two different attacks in the border city of Nuevo Laredo, bringing to at least 115 the number of people slain by violence this year.
    (AP, 5/24/06)
2006        May 23, The Dutch parliament approved new anti-terrorism measures that make it easier to arrest suspects without strong evidence and hold them longer without charge.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, Pakistani officials said at least 7 people have died and thousands of others have fallen sick after drinking contaminated water in Faisalabad, a city famous for its textile mills. The outbreak of gastroenteritis began May 14. The last two fatalities happened May 21.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, Serbia's president said he recognized the results of the independence vote in Montenegro that will separate the tiny Adriatic republic from its union with Serbia.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, A high-level UN delegation arrived in Sudan to press a reluctant government to accept a large force of U.N. peacekeepers in the strife-torn Darfur region.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, In Thailand PM Thaksin Shinawatra resumed his duties as challenges to his hold on power mounted even after a self-imposed leave of absence for seven weeks.
    (AP, 5/23/06)
2006        May 23, In northern Thailand flash floods left thousands of people stranded on rooftops and trapped inside trains. 9 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 5/23/06)

2007         May 23, President Bush, speaking at the US Coast Guard commencement, portrayed the Iraq war as a battle between the US and al-Qaida and contended that Osama bin Laden was setting up a terrorist cell in Iraq to strike targets in America.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2007        May 23, Jordin Sparks (17) of Glendale, Ariz., was crowned the newest and youngest "American Idol."
    (AP, 5/24/07)
2007        May 23, The California Energy Commission announced rules that barred municipal utilities from signing new contracts with coal-fired power plants. Coal generated about 20% of the state’s electricity.
    (SFC, 5/28/07, p.A17)
2007        May 23, A conservation group said dozens of European mammals faced extinction unless immediate measures are taken to protect them. 35 of the continent’s 231 mammal species fell into the threatened category.
    (SFC, 5/23/07, p.A7)
2007        May 23, A bomb in northern Afghanistan killed a Finnish soldier and an Afghan civilian, while a suicide attacker in Kabul killed two people, including a policeman. Two operations in southern Afghanistan killed 18 suspected militants, including seven "foreigners," while six people died when a stash of ammunition exploded in the east.
    (AP, 5/23/07)(AP, 5/24/07)
2007        May 23, Australian PM John Howard and his Greek counterpart Kostas Karamanlis sealed a deal which concluded a decades-long debate over pensions for one of the world's largest expatriate Greek communities.
    (AFP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, Belarus lawmakers backed legislation stripping hundreds of thousands of disabled and retired people and students of social benefits and other state payments.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, The High Court in London upheld a ruling letting families return to their Indian Ocean island homes, from where they were forced out 30 years ago to make way for a US military base.  The Court of Appeal backed a High Court ruling in May last year that allowed the families to return to the Chagos Islands, except for Diego Garcia, a launchpad for US military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, China said it was investigating reports that toothpaste containing a potentially deadly chemical had been exported to Central America.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, Colombia announced capital controls on some foreign investments to try to curb the soaring peso, which has made greater gains against the dollar this year than any other currency.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, The BBC reported that Pakistani UN peacekeepers charged with disarming Congolese militia instead engaged in gold and weapons trafficking with militia members. The Pakistani unit in question deployed to Mongwalu in April 2005.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 27, The inaugural sermon was held at Mega Frater, Central America's biggest church. The new center of the Fraternidad Cristiana, a Neo-Pentecostal church based in the Guatemalan City, includes an auditorium that seats 12,500, a seven-story parking tower topped with a helipad and a day-care center for 3,000 kids.
    (www.freerepublic.com/focus/keyword?k=Guatemala)
2007        May 23, An Iraqi intelligence officer alleged in a published report that 70% percent of insurgents fighting in Iraq come from Gulf countries via Syria where they are provided with forged passports. A suicide bomber walked into a packed market café in the town of Mandali, and blew himself up, killing 15 people and wounding 20 others. A suicide bomber (17) blew himself up in the house of two brothers who were supporting a Sunni alliance opposed to al Qaida in the Anbar province, killing 10 people, including the men, their wives and their children. A parked car bomb exploded in a parking lot in Jbala, killing three civilians and wounding 15 others. Gunmen drove into a commercial area in central Baghdad and opened fire on shops, killing four civilians and injuring 14 others. US-led forces discovered a cache of Iranian money and bomb-making equipment during a raid in the Shiite neighborhood of Sadr City in Baghdad. Two suspected militants were killed in the raid and 19 others detained. At least 104 people were killed in sectarian violence or found dead, including 32 who died in suicide bombings. US authorities examined a body found in a river south of Baghdad and identified it as Pfc. Joseph Anzack Jr., one of three US soldiers seized in an ambush on May 12. 2 US soldiers were killed during combat operations in Anbar province.
    (AP, 5/23/07)(AP, 5/24/08)
2007        May 23, Japan passed a law to fund the reorganization of US forces in Japan and help move thousands of Marines from the country's south to the US territory of Guam. Fire broke out at a farm in northern Japan, killing about 2,000 pigs.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, In Lebanon hundreds of Palestinian civilians carrying their belongings in plastic bags trickled out of a besieged refugee camp, taking advantage of a truce in fighting that mostly held overnight.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, In western Mexico a tractor-trailer loaded with sand smashed into a toll booth and rebounded into other vehicles, setting off a blaze that killed 10 people.
    (AP, 5/24/07)
2007        May 23, Philippine President Gloria Arroyo said she welcomed a greater global role by Japan as she discussed a stalled free trade agreement in Tokyo.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, Romania's suspended President Traian Basescu was reinstated after he won a referendum on his removal from office.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, In Serbia Slobodan Milosevic's paramilitary commander and 11 other men were convicted and sentenced in the assassination of Serbia's first democratically elected prime minister, Zoran Djindjic.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, In northern Syria 14 people were killed and 20 injured when an Iraqi bus overturned on the Raqqa-Aleppo highway about 250 miles north of Damascus.
    (AP, 5/24/07)
2007        May 23, In southern Thailand 7 people including two teenagers were killed, while 11 others were injured in a spate of bombings by suspected separatist rebels.
    (AFP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, The UN human rights commissioner said that Burundi has agreed to set up a tribunal to try people suspected of genocide and war crimes during its 12-year civil war.
    (AP, 5/23/07)
2007        May 23, Yuri Chernogayev, an Uzbek reporter for German broadcaster, said he faces up to 10 years in prison after being accused of defaming President Islam Karimov.
    (AP, 5/23/07)

2008        May 23, Vallejo, Ca., officially declared Chapter 9 bankruptcy as it faced a $16 million deficit with no money in reserve for fiscal year 2008-2009. Vallejo, population 117,000, emerged from bankruptcy on Nov 1, 2011. Legal fees cost the city $8 million.
    (SFC, 5/24/08, p.B1)(SFC, 11/2/11, p.C5)
2008        May 23, In Kansas at least 17 tornadoes touched ground, one of which killed 2 people in a car 75 miles west of Wichita.
    (SSFC, 5/25/08, p.A2)
2008        May 23, George Frederick Jewett Jr. (81), former director of Potlatch Corp., philanthropist and sailing buff, died in SF. He had chaired 5 America’s Cup syndicates.
    (SFC, 5/26/08, p.B3)
2008        May 23, Utah Phillips (b.1935), a seminal figure in American folk music, died of congestive heart failure in Nevada City, California. Born Bruce Duncan Phillips in Cleveland, Ohio, he had performed extensively and tirelessly for audiences on two continents for 38 years.
    (www.utahphillips.org/)
2008        May 23, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up as an Afghan army convoy slowed to pass a pothole-riddled section of road, killing four soldiers and a child. In southern Afghanistan several insurgents were killed and six others detained during a US-led coalition operation.
    (AP, 5/23/08)(AP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 23, In Brazil 12 South American leaders gathered in Brasilia to set up the Union of South American Nations. UNASUR was expected to replace the South American Community, declared in 2004, and unite the Mercosur and Andean Community free trade areas. Members included Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNASUR_Constitutive_Treaty)(Econ, 5/31/08, p.41)
2008        May 23, China and Russia jointly condemned a US plan for a global missile defense system at the start of a highly symbolic visit by new Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, UN peacekeepers found over 100 bodies in three mass graves in the east of Democratic Republic of Congo. A UN spokesman said they apparently were graves dating back to the 1990s, but that is was difficult to know accurately.
    (Reuters, 5/24/08)
2008        May 23, Indonesia's government raised gasoline pump prices by nearly 30 percent because of the surging cost of oil and gas on the global market. The move triggered generally peaceful protests throughout the vast Indonesian archipelago.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        May 23, Clashes between Israeli troops and Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip left five militants dead.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, Frank Phel (74), an American tourist, was hit and killed by a train at a Rome station as he was walking on the tracks in a daze after being drugged and robbed. The suspected robber was arrested the next day.
    (AP, 5/26/08)
2008        May 23, Japan allocated $54 million in emergency grants to the UN to help Afghanistan, Africa and Palestinian refugees cope with the ongoing food crisis.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, Mexico's attorney general said homicides related to organized crime jumped 47 percent in 2008, in a rare confirmation of how bad violence has become.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, Mexican federal officials said they plan to clean up Acapulco's bay, where an estimated 400 gallons (1,700 liters) of sewage spews into the Pacific ocean every second.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said Myanmar's junta agreed to allow all aid workers into the country after weeks of refusing access to foreign relief experts seeking to help cyclone survivors.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, The International Court of Justice awarded Singapore sovereignty over a disputed island at the eastern entrance of the Singapore Straits. The ICJ ruled in favor of Singapore in the 28-year dispute with Malaysia over a tiny but strategic uninhabited island the size of half a football field. The court, however, gave Malaysia ownership of a smaller uninhabited outcropping. Sovereignty over a third disputed cluster of rocks was left to be determined later between the countries when they sort out their territorial waters.
    (AP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, In Somalia a roadside bomb exploded near a compound housing African Union (AU) peacekeepers in Mogadishu, causing some casualties.
    (AFP, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, South Africa's security chief accused right wingers, linked to the former apartheid government, of fanning xenophobic violence that has spread to Cape Town, the second largest city and tourist center.
    (Reuters, 5/23/08)
2008        May 23, In Sri Lanka Army troops launched two separate attacks along the front lines on the Jaffna peninsula and destroyed 13 rebel bunkers. Guerrillas said 16 civilians were killed in a roadside bomb attack carried out by government forces deep inside Tamil Tiger territory. Rebels also said a government airstrike elsewhere in Kilinochchi killed an infant and a teenage girl. Other fighting in the Vavuniya and Mannar regions bordering the rebels' de facto state in the north killed seven rebels and one soldier.
    (AP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 23, In Turkey one rebel and one village guard were killed in a clash near the border with Iran.
    (AP, 5/24/08)
2008        May 23, A UN food aid agency said the response to its appeal for money to help meet soaring fuel and food costs went beyond what it had hoped to collect, saying $500 million from Saudi Arabia means it won't have to cut rations.
    (AP, 5/23/08)

2009        May 23, Pres. Obama selected Gen. Charles Bolden (62), a retired astronaut, to lead NASA.
    (SSFC, 5/24/09, p.A16)
2009        May 23, It was reported that millions of bats in at least 7 US states (Connecticut, New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia and West Virginia) have died from white-nose syndrome, a fungal diseases. In 2011 the fungus Geomyces destructans was identified as the cause.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.36)(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A18)
2009        May 23, In Afghanistan a group of Taliban fighters in Ghazni province ambushed police in a market and one civilian was killed in the firefight. The US military updated earlier reports and said international and Afghan forces have killed 60 militants and seized 102 tons (92 metric tons) of opium poppy seeds, drugs and chemicals during a four-day operation in southern Helmand province. A British soldier with the NATO-led alliance was killed in a bomb blast in the insurgency-hit south of the country.
    (AP, 5/23/09)(AFP, 5/24/09)
2009        May 23, In Australia thousands more people in the flood-hit east were told to leave their homes as gale-force winds lashed the coast. Emergency services said up to 20,000 people had been cut off.
    (AP, 5/23/09)
2009        May 23, Horst Koehler won a 2nd term as German president in a parliamentary vote that gave conservative Chancellor Angela Merkel a symbolic victory months ahead of a national election.
    (AP, 5/23/09)
2009        May 23, Nepal’s lawmakers elected communist party leader Madhav Kumar Nepal (56) as the new prime minister in a move aimed at ending weeks of political turmoil. 2 people were killed, one of them a teenager, and 14 wounded when a bomb exploded in a packed Roman Catholic church on the outskirts of Kathmandu.
    (AFP, 5/23/09)
2009        May 23, The Church of Scotland voted in favor of appointing an openly gay minister, the latest case involving sexuality to create a division in the Anglican Communion. The church's ruling body voted 326 to 267 to support the appointment of the Rev. Scott Rennie (37), who was previously married to a woman and is now in a relationship with a man.
    (AP, 5/24/09)
2009        May 23, Pakistani security forces entered Mingora, the main town in a northwestern Taliban stronghold, engaging in fierce street battles as they tried to wrench the Swat Valley from militants. 17 suspected militants were killed in the past 24 hours of the operation. Matta, another major town in the valley, has been cleared of militants, but some 1,500 to 2,000 insurgents remain in the valley. Gunmen in southwestern Baluchistan province kidnapped a French tourist, snatching him from a group of compatriots.
    (AP, 5/23/09)(AFP, 5/23/09)
2009        May 23, It was reported that Saudi Arabian investors were spending $100 million to raise wheat, barley and rise on land leased from the government of Ethiopia. The World Food Program estimated that it would spend almost the same amount between 2007 and 2011 to provide 230,000 tons of food aid to some 4.6 million Ethiopians threatened by hunger and malnutrition.
    (Econ, 5/23/09, p.61)
2009        May 23, Former South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun (62) jumped to his death while hiking in the mountains behind his rural home. His hard-won reputation as a corruption fighter was tarnished by bribery allegations that drew in his family and closest associates.
    (AP, 5/23/09)(Econ, 5/30/09, p.88)

2010        May 23, The US government threatened to remove BP from efforts to seal a blown-out oil well in the Gulf of Mexico if it doesn't do enough to stop the leak, though it acknowledged only the company and the oil industry have the needed know-how. Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal said the state is not waiting for federal approval to begin building sand barriers to protect the coastline from the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.
    (AP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 23, In New Jersey a crowd of some 30-35 thousand gathered at the Statehouse in Trenton to protest Gov. Chris Christie’s proposed budget cuts. Christie has called for workers to accept wage freezes and contribute to their health benefits.
    (SSFC, 5/23/10, p.A9)
2010        May 23, Jose Lima (1972-2010), a right-hand Dominican pitcher who was a 20-game winner and an All-Star during a 13-year major league career, died in Pasadena, Ca., of an apparent heart attack.
    (AP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 23, British screenwriter Simon Monjack (39), the husband of Brittany Murphy, was found dead at his Los Angeles home, five months after the Hollywood actress died. Murphy, best known for her major roles in "Clueless," "Girl Interrupted," and "8 Mile" in 2002, died Dec. 20, at age 32 after collapsing in her home.
    (AP, 5/24/10)
2010        May 23, Britain's Duchess of York Sarah Ferguson said she was "very sorry" for her lapse of judgment after she was recorded apparently offering to sell access to her ex-husband Prince Andrew in return for 500,000 pounds ($724,000).
    (AP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 23, In southern China a fuel rod at the Guangdong Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station experienced a "very small leakage" that increased radioactivity levels slightly in the nuclear reactor's cooling water. The plant supplies power to Hong Kong.
    (AP, 6/15/10)
2010        May 23, In Colombia leftist rebels killed nine marines and wounded two in a firefight. The marines were attacked when they entered a rebel camp in Solano, a municipality in the southern state of Caqueta.
    (AP, 5/24/10)
2010        May 23, Ethiopia held Parliamentary elections. PM Meles Zenawi rejected opposition complaints of fraud elections and said he expected to win on the strength of his economic record. The ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and allied parties won 534 seats out of 536 declared, giving PM Meles Zenawi most seats in the 547-member parliament. The EU observation mission released its final report on Nov 8. It said the electoral process was short of international standards concerning transparency, and that state resources were used in the ruling party's campaign.
    (Reuters, 5/23/10)(Reuters, 5/26/10)(AP, 11/8/10)
2010        May 23, Iran said it will abandon an offer to ship some of its uranium stockpile abroad if the United States imposes new sanctions. Iran's intelligence minister said he had no doubt three US citizens arrested last July near the Iraq border were spies and called on Washington to propose a prisoner swap to secure their release.
    (AP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 23, The Iraqi cabinet said in a statement that a court has sentenced to death a man accused of the kidnapping and killing of five Russian embassy civil servants.
    (Reuters, 5/23/10)
2010        May 23, In Jamaica masked men defending a reputed drug lord sought by the United States torched a police station and traded gunfire with security forces in a patchwork of barricaded slums in Kingston.
    (AP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 23, In Nigeria fresh violence between Muslims and Christians in Jos left one person dead and another seriously wounded, a day after three others were killed. 15 suspects were arrested for the previous day’s killings. Gunmen in the delta seized 3 Chinese technicians. The men were freed on May 29.
    (AP, 5/23/10)(AFP, 5/23/10)(AP, 5/29/10)
2010        May 23, Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said that his country plans to boost trade with Egypt, during a visit to Cairo where he met with President Hosni Mubarak.
    (AFP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 23, In Gaza masked gunmen stormed a UN-run Gaza summer camp early on Sunday and set it on fire, threatening "harsh measures" against the Gaza director of UNRWA, the UN agency for Palestinian refugees.
    (AFP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 23, Dozens of American soldiers and a battery of Patriot missiles arrived in Poland, where they will spend the next two years teaching the Polish military to operate the advanced guided missile system at a base just a few miles from the Russian border.
    (AP, 5/24/10)
2010        May 23, In Somalia Islamist militants attacked the presidential compound and other government positions in Mogadishu. At least 15 people were killed and 30 others wounded.
    (AP, 5/23/10)
2010        May 23, The Swedish 1885 “Treskilling Yellow" postage stamp retained its title as the world’s most expensive stamp following an auction in Geneva. In 1996 it had sold for a record $2.3 million. The price this year was not revealed.
    (SSFC, 5/23/10, p.A6)
2010        May 23, Anwar Al-Awlaki, a US-born radical preacher who has encouraged Muslims to kill American soldiers, called for the killing of US civilians in his first video released by a Yemeni offshoot of al-Qaida.
    (AP, 5/23/10)

2011        May 23, President Obama arrived in Ireland to begin a six-day European tour. The president took a helicopter from Dublin for a quick visit to Moneygall, the site of a piece of his ancestry. Falmouth Kearney, a shoemaker and Obama's thrice-removed grandfather on his Kansas-born mother's side, left Moneygall for the US in 1850 at the height of Ireland's Great Famine. Obama's roots in the town were discovered during the 2008 presidential campaign.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, The US Supreme Court said California must reduce its prison population by over 30,000 in two years to address its inadequate prison health care system.
    (SFC, 5/24/11, p.A1)
2011        May 23, Bradley Franzen (41) pleaded guilty in a Manhattan court to bank fraud, money laundering and illegal gambling offenses. The US president of a Costa Rica-based company faced up to 30 years in prison for illegally processing payments for Internet poker firms.
    (AFP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Reputed Philadelphia mob boss Joseph Ligambi and 12 others were indicted with charges of racketeering and gambling.
    (SFC, 5/24/11, p.A4)
2011        May 23, Square, a startup co-founded by Jack Dorsey (one of the creators of Twitter), unveiled a new payment system that undercut credit card processing fees charged to small businesses and making it easy for them to accept digital payments.
    (Econ, 5/28/11, p.79)
2011        May 23, A spokesman for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria said the group has halted payments for program in China amid mismanagement by a public agency.
    (AFP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, In southern Afghanistan a NATO service member died in an explosion. NATO forces in southern Helmand province conducting a search shot and killed an Afghan who they said acted hostile and raised an object toward troops. The object was a flashlight. An unnamed intelligence source said Taliban leader Muhammad Omar was shot dead 2 days earlier as he moved from Quetta, Pakistan, to North Waziristan. There was no confirmation.
    (AP, 5/24/11)(SFC, 5/24/11, p.A3)
2011        May 23, In Argentina Dr. Carlos Livio Warter (61) was arrested at his home in a wealthy Buenos Aires neighborhood, on charges of falsely billing $1 million in health insurance claims in Hawaii. He worked as a psychiatrist and led seminars based on his latest book, "Pathways to the Soul." Warter was charged in August 2009 with 37 state felonies accusing him of Medicare fraud, each punishable by up to five years in prison. This February he voluntarily surrendered his medical license for failure to comply with professional conduct laws. In 1982 Warter was convicted of falsifying reports in Denver. A 2009 notice from Washington state's Medical Quality Assurance Commission said "The conviction was based on your stipulation that you overcharged the state of Colorado, through the Medicaid system, in the sum of $44,500." The notice was sent to Warter in denying his application to practice medicine there.
    (AP, 5/25/11)(AP, 5/25/11)
2011        May 23, In Burkina Faso thousands of students took to the streets of the capital burning tires and chanting in support of teachers who are demanding better conditions.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Chile exhumed the remains of President Salvador Allende for an autopsy to determine whether he committed suicide or was assassinated during the 1973 military coup.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Dominican Rep. Deputy Health Minister Jose Rodriguez said there have been 1,143 cases of cholera and 14 deaths since the outbreak began in November. The number of new cases reported today is up about 50 percent since the middle of May.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, EU foreign ministers decided to impose asset freezes and travel bans on more Iranian officials and companies with links to the nuclear program. It was not yet clear how many officials and companies were involved.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, The EU imposed sanctions on Syrian President Bashar Assad because of his government's continuing crackdown on anti-government protesters, condemning the violence in which more than 900 people have reportedly been killed.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, A French diplomatic source said France and other members of a NATO-led coalition plan to deploy attack helicopters in Libya, a move aimed at ramping up pressure against Muammar Gaddafi's forces.
    (Reuters, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Greece said it will immediately start selling state assets and take more than $8.4 billion in additional fiscal measures this year to address its debt crises.
    (SFC, 5/24/11, p.A2)
2011        May 23, In Honduras gunmen opened fire on Manuel Acosta, the manager of a daily newspaper, as he was driving home in Tegucigalpa. Acosta was shot six times and his car had more than 30 bullet holes. Acosta was able to drive home and his family took him to a hospital.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, India's PM Manmohan Singh began a six-day trip to Ethiopia and Tanzania, aiming to strike deeper economic ties with a continent rich in minerals and commodities, but where Asia's third-largest economy lags far behind rival China.
    (Reuters, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Iraq's Electricity Ministry spokesman said a five-year plan with Iran will let Iraq buy 25 million cubic meters of natural gas each day to feed two power plants in northeastern suburbs of Baghdad, one built by Iran and the other by South Korea's Hyundai conglomerate.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Iraq's Electricity Ministry spokesman said a five-year plan with Iran will let Iraq buy 25 million cubic meters of natural gas each day to feed two power plants in northeastern suburbs of Baghdad, one built by Iran and the other by South Korea's Hyundai conglomerate.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, In Iraq two bomb blasts targeting security forces in Kirkuk and Baghdad killed two people and wounded 20, underscoring instability. PM Nouri al-Maliki insisted that security forces have been mostly successful in curbing insurgent attacks.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, In Japan furious parents at the center of the atomic crisis and hundreds of their supporters rallied in Tokyo against revised nuclear safety standards in schools they say are putting children at risk. A new limit allowed exposure of up to 20 millisieverts a year, 20 times the radiation that was permissible before the March 11 tsunami caused a meltdown at the Fukushima nuclear plant.
    (AFP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Mexican prosecutors said they have detained 16 policemen who allegedly took bribes to protect members of a drug gang who carried specially marked cards to avoid detention. Police in Acapulco found a decapitated body and a head with mutilated ears inside a cab left next to a hotel in a tourist area. In Durango gunmen attacked highway police on the outskirts of the state capital, killing a female officer (35) and wounding 4 officers and a civilian.
    (AP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Mozambique’s Supreme Court slashed jail time for Antonio Munguambe, transport and communications minister from 2005 to 2008, to four and a half years as opposed to 20, saying embezzlement from a public company earned a lesser penalty than stealing money from the government.
    (AFP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 23, In Nigeria a Borno State policeman on patrol was killed in a drive-by shooting near St. Mary Catholic Church in the city of Maiduguri. Boko Haram, a radical Muslim sect, was blamed for the killing.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 23, North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il visited a development zone in eastern China, as he pursued a secretive trip aimed at seeking answers for his nation's crippled economy.
    (AFP, 5/23/11) 
2011        May 23, Pakistani troops recaptured the PNS Mehran base in Karachi after a 16-hour battle with as few as six Taliban gunmen, who had launched their brazen attack to avenge the killing of Osama bin Laden. 3 militants were killed in the gunbattle while the body of a fourth was believed to be buried under the rubble of a collapsed wall. Two suspects were believed to have fled the scene. At least 7 militants, including three Arab nationals, were killed in a missile strike by a US drone aircraft in North Waziristan. An Afghan television station reported Taliban leader Mullah Omar had been killed in Pakistan, but the group denied it, saying he was safe and in Afghanistan. 
    (Reuters, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, A Saudi pilot died when his US-made F-15 fighter jet crashed in eastern Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 5/24/11)
2011        May 23, In Sudan armed men burned and looted the flashpoint town of Abyei. Southern Sudan's military said the northern army is moving to carry out a "full-scale war" in the contested region. Angry Sudanese rallied in the southern capital of Juba, demanding northern forces end their "invasion" of the contested Abyei region.
    (AP, 5/23/11)(AFP, 5/23/11)
2011        May 23, Yemeni security forces battled in the streets of Sanaa with fighters from the country's most powerful tribe, which has joined the opposition, in an eruption of violence after President Ali Abdullah Saleh refused to sign an agreement calling on him to step down.
    (AP, 5/23/11)

2012        May 23, The US Interior Department announced a plan to allow periodic increases in the flow of Colorado River water through the Grand Canyon to help propel silt and sediment downstream.
    (SFC, 5/24/12, p.A8)
2012        May 23, BP agreed to spend over $400 million to settle legal complaints about chronic pollution problems at its refinery in northwest Indiana.
    (SFC, 5/24/12, p.A8)
2012         May 23, In Maine shipyard employee Casey Fury set fire to rags aboard the USS Miami nuclear submarine as it underwent overhaul at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in Kittery. The fire caused $450 million in damages. On March 15, 2013, Fury was sentenced to 17 years in prison. On March 28, 2014, the US Navy deactivated the submarine after estimated repairs grew substantially over the $450 million estimate.
    (SFC, 3/16/13, p.A6)(SFC, 3/29/14, p.A8)
2012        May 23, In New Mexico 2 lightning-sparked fires merged to form the Gila Wilderness blaze. Bay May 25 it had spread over 85,000 acres, or more than 130 square miles.
    (SFC, 5/26/12, p.A8)
2012        May 23, Paul Fussell (1924-2012), American writer and warrior against war, died. His books included “BAD Or, The Dumbing of America" (1991).
    (Econ, 6/9/12, p.98)
2012        May 22, In northeast Afghanistan 2 foreign doctors and their 3 Afghan colleagues were kidnapped in a remote area of Badakhshan province. Officials said one managed to escape and alerted authorities.
    (AP, 5/23/12)(SFC, 5/24/12, p.A2)
2012        May 23, The annual index by Business Review Weekly said Australia's richest person, Gina Rinehart (58), has eclipsed Wal-Mart heiress Christy Walton to become the world's wealthiest woman. The index put the mining tycoon's personal fortune at Aus$29.17 billion (US$28.48 billion).
    (AFP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, In Brazil subway workers went on strike in Sao Paulo, but ended it five hours later after halting a system used daily by more than 4 million people.
    (AP, 5/2/12)
2012        May 23, Family history website ancestry.co.uk published online for the first time the wills of famous Britons such as Winston Churchill, among those of six million other people.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, In Canada locomotive engineers and conductors at Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd went on strike after failing to reach a contract agreement, shutting down freight operations on Canada's second-biggest railroad.
    (Reuters, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, NY-based Human Rights Watch said a branch of Chinese city governments, set up to monitor everything from unlicensed street vendors to unauthorized construction, is rife with abuse of power, stoking already high social tensions.
    (AP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, The UN refugee agency said fighting between Congolese army and mutineers has forced tens of thousands of people from their homes since late April, with thousands taking refuge in Uganda and Rwanda.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, Egyptians voted in presidential elections for the first time in generations. A field of 13 candidates ran in the 2-day vote. This first run was not expected to produce an outright winner. A runoff between the two top vote-getters will be held June 16-17.
    (AP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, EU leaders concluded their latest summit with few concrete steps to fix the continents financial crises.
    (SFC, 5/24/12, p.A7)
2012        May 23, Iran and six world powers resumed talks over Tehran's nuclear program. Diplomats from six world powers offered Iran new proposals to ease international concerns about its nuclear program, but appeared to reject Tehran's appeals to ease economic sanctions to help move along talks.
    (AP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, Iran's navy saved the American-flagged Maersk Texas cargo ship that was being attacked by pirates in the Gulf of Oman. It was the first time the Iranian navy protected a US ship from pirates.
    (AFP, 5/24/12)
2012        May 23, The Israel Antiquities Authority said archeologists digging at a Jerusalem site have found the oldest artifact that bears the inscription of Bethlehem, a 2,700 years old seal with the name of Jesus' traditional birthplace.
    (AP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, In Kenya Sylvester Opiyo, also known as Musa Osodo, was abducted by armed men after the car he was traveling in with five other people broke down in western Kenya. Police have denied they are holding him. Opiyo, sympathetic to the Somali militant group al-Shabab, was arrested in March after three grenades were thrown at a Nairobi bus stop, killing nine people. He was released without charge.
    (AP, 5/25/12)
2012        May 23, Pakistani doctor Shakil Afridi, who helped the US track down Osama bin Laden, was convicted of high treason and sentenced to 33 years in prison. Afridi also was ordered to pay a fine of about $3,500 and will spend an additional 3½ years in prison if he does not. Afridi was tried under the Frontier Crimes Regulations, or FCR, the set of laws that govern Pakistan's semiautonomous tribal region. He had the right to appeal. Court documents later showed that he was convicted for conspiring with an Islamist militant commander.
    (AP, 5/23/12)(AP, 5/30/12)
2012        May 23, In Pakistan 2 US drone missiles killed 4 militants in a Taliban compound near Miranshah.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, Peru's Supreme Court approved Joran van der Sloot's extradition to stand trial in the United States, but only after the confessed murderer has served out his 28-year prison sentence in the South American nation. Peru’s justice minister and Cabinet were still required to endorse the decision.
    (AP, 6/4/12)
2012        May 23, In the first case brought under the Philippines 2001 wildlife act, farmer Bryan Balaon (26) was fined 100,000 pesos ($2,300), for shooting and eating one of the world's rarest eagles. The Philippine eagle, or Pithecophaga jefferyi, found only in the country's vanishing forests, is the world's largest eagle and is "critically endangered" with just 90-250 pairs left in the wild.
    (AFP, 5/24/12)
2012        May 23, Saudi Arabia’s SPA state news said Saudi Arabia has signed a $3-billion deal with Britain to buy Hawk trainer jets for the Gulf kingdom's air force. The majority of the Hawks will be made at BAE's plants in Samlesbury and Warton in Lancashire, northwest England.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)(Reuters, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, Saudi Arabia said it will give its impoverished neighbor Yemen aid worth $3.25 billion and urging other nations to take similar steps.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, In Saudi Arabia a Saudi woman defied orders by the notorious religious police to leave a mall because she is wearing nail polish and recorded the interaction on her camera. Her video went viral, attracting more than a million hits in just five days.
    (AFP, 5/28/12)
2012        May 23, Syria's oil minister acknowledged the heavy toll international sanctions have taken on the country's oil sector, saying that they had sucked about $4 billion from the economy.
    (AP, 5/23/12)
2012        May 23, The executive committee of the Syrian National Council asked Burhan Ghalioun to pursue his duties until a new president is elected at a meeting on June 9 and 10.
    (AP, 5/24/12)

2013        May 23, Pres. Obama announced new restraints on targeted killings and outlined plans for winding down drone strikes.
    (SFC, 5/24/13, p.A8)
2013        May 23, Danny Werfel told IRS employees in an email that he has been selected as new acting head of the IRS division that targeted tea party groups. Lois Lerner was replaced as director a day after she refused to answer questions at a congressional hearing.
    (AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 23, In Oregon Grant Acord (17) was arrested after police received a tip that he was making a bomb to explode in West Albany High School.
    (SSFC, 5/26/13, p.A11)
2013        May 23, In Washington, DC, Julian Zapata Espinoza pleaded guilty to the Feb 15, 2011, killing of US Custom’s agent Jaime Zapata during an ambush in Mexico. He also pleaded gulty to the attempted murder of ICE special agent Victor-Avila. Three other defendants were also charged with murder.
    (SFC, 5/24/13, p.A7)
2013        May 23, Lawyers said an order of the Roman Catholic Church has agreed to pay $16.5 million to more than 400 adults who said they were sexually abused as children by religious leaders. The victims claimed abuse at schools and child-care facilities belonging to the Christian Brothers and the Christian Brothers of Ireland, Inc, in 17 US states and Canada from the late 1940s or early 1950s until the 1980s.
    (Reuters, 5/23/13)
2013        May 23, In Texas local leaders of the Boy Scouts of America voted to open their ranks to openly gay boys for the first time in 103 years. They retained a ban on adults serving as leaders.
    (AP, 5/23/13)(SFC, 5/24/13, p.A1)
2013        May 23, In northern Washington an I-5 bridge over the Skagit river collapsed, dumping 2 vehicles and 3 people into the water. There were no fatalities.
    (AP, 5/23/13)(SFC, 5/24/13, p.A9)
2013        May 23, Britain’s Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) said it has fined a wealth management unit of US bank JPMorgan Chase 3.08 million pounds ($4.6 million) for being unable to show it was giving clients the right advice.
    (AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 23, Election officials in the Cayman Islands said the opposition party has won nine of 18 seats, one short of a majority needed to control the British territory's legislature. Ousted former Premier McKeeva Bush was re-elected to the West Bay seat he has held since 1984.
    (AP, 5/23/13)(Econ, 5/25/13, p.35)
2013        May 23, In CongoDRC M23 rebels fired two rockets into the eastern city of Goma, killing one person and wounding four. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon arrived in Goma, hours after a rebel group fighting government forces nearby said they would impose a cease-fire to allow the visit to proceed.
    (AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 23, A Guinean government spokesman said at least 15 people were injured, four of them by bullet wounds, during a protest in Conakry between opposition parties and security forces.
    (AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 23, In Iraq gunmen shot dead 4 soldiers at an army checkpoint in Taji, a former insurgent stronghold. Militants exchanged fire with military forces and pro-government Sunni militia in the western village of Karma, near Fallujah. 3 soldiers were killed and 18 people wounded, including seven Sunni fighters.
    (AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 23, In Japan a radiation leak took place at the Hadron Experimental Facility in Tokaimura.
    (SSFC, 5/26/13, p.A6)
2013        May 23, In Lebanon opponents and supporters of Syrian President Bashar Assad traded heavy machine gun fire and mortar shells in the port city of Tripoli, leaving 5 people dead in what was described as some of the heaviest fighting there in years.
    (AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 23, Malaysian authorities detained 3 anti-government figures, charged a student activist with sedition and seized hundreds of opposition newspapers, raising political tensions after recent national elections triggered claims of fraud.
    (AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 23, Attackers in Niger detonated two car bombs. One assault on an army camp killed 20 soldiers and 3 jihadists in Agadez. Two jihadists ran away and holed themselves up inside a dormitory on the base, where they were killed. Another attack took place in the remote town of Arlit at a French-operated uranium mine. 14 employees, one of whom died later, were wounded. Two suicide bombers were killed. The twin attacks were claimed by the Mali-based Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa, or MUJAO, a spinoff of al-Qaida's affiliate in Africa. It was also claimed in a statement by notorious Algerian terrorist, Moktar Belmoktar, whose brigade known as "Those Who Sign in Blood."
    (AP, 5/23/13)(AP, 5/24/13)
2013        May 23, In southwest Pakistan a large bomb hidden by the Taliban in a rickshaw exploded as a police vehicle passed by. 11 policemen and two civilians were killed on the outskirts of Quetta. Several militants attacked an army checkpoint in Kurram tribal area, killing four soldiers. Soldiers, backed by gunship helicopter and jet fighters, chased the militants fleeing to their hideouts and killed 20 of them.
    (AP, 5/23/13)     
2013        May 23, A rising tide of seaweed halted a nuclear power station near Edinburgh, Scotland, threatening to clog up its cooling system.
    (Reuters, 5/24/13)
2013        May 23, In Sweden groups of youths early today burned down a restaurant, torched more than 30 cars and injured 3 police in a fourth night of riots in suburbs Stockholm that started following a fatal police shooting.
    (AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 23, Togo police fired tear gas to disperse protesters in the latest confrontation between the ruling party and the increasingly active opposition. Demonstrators were gathering to protest the death of an opposition member, who died in jail.
    (AP, 5/23/13)
2013        May 23, Officials in the Turks and Caicos Islands said they have recovered $19.5 million and over 2,500 acres of real estate as they continued to seize assets improperly obtained by corrupt politicians.
    (SFC, 5/24/13, p.A2)
2013        May 23, In Vietnam Nick Vujicic (32), an Australian evangelical preacher, spoke before some 25,000 at a soccer stadium in Hanoi. He was born with a rare disorder characterized by the absence of all four limbs. His book “Unstoppable: The Incredible Power of Faith in Action" was published in 2012. It was son translated into Vietnamese by Nguyen Bich Lan, who shares Vujicic’s situation of being born with the rare disorder called tetra-amelia syndrome.
    (SFC, 5/25/13, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/prp5yev)

2014        May 23, The Standard & Poor’s 500 index climbed to a record close above 1900 for the first time rising .4% to 1900.53.
    (SFC, 5/24/14, p.D1)
2014        May 23, In California Elliot Rodger (22) stabbed 3 people to death in his apartment before gunning down 3 more victims in a drive-by late today. He then took his own life during the chaotic killing spree in downtown Isla Vista, near the University of California Santa Barbara campus. He posted his intentions on YouTube just a day before he took to the streets in a black BMW armed with a semi-automatic hand gun.
    (Reuters, 5/24/14)(Reuters, 5/25/14)
2014        May 23, In Colorado a federal judge sentenced a former Ethiopian jail guard to 22 years in prison for immigration crimes. Kefelgn Alemu Worku was convicted of genocide in absentia in Ethiopia in 2000 and sentenced to death. He reportedly had tortured and killed dozens of people during government sponsored violence in the 1970s.
    (SFC, 5/24/14, p.A11)
2014        May 23, In Afghanistan gunmen armed with machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades attacked an Indian Consulate in Herat, though its diplomatic staff escaped unharmed. Police and soldiers killed three assailants in a gunbattle that saw the building catch fire.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, China warned Japan to stay out of a growing dispute with its neighbors over the South China Sea, as the Philippines implicitly accused Beijing of delaying talks aimed at a solution.
    (Reuters, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, In China Liu Han, a former mining tycoon, was sentenced to death for leading a crime gang that killed rivals. Han had been chairman of the Sichuan Hanlong Group, an energy conglomerate with stakes in Australian and US mines.
    (AP, 5/23/14)(SFC, 5/24/14, p.A3)
2014        May 23, In China a tour bus carrying 26 people fell into a section of the Jiulong River in Fujian province killing at least 2 people. Five people remained missing. 24 passengers were from Taiwan.
    (AP, 5/24/14)
2014        May 23, Egyptian security sources said Shadi al-Menei, an Islamist militant leader in the Sinai Peninsula, has been shot dead along with 5 others by unknown assailants. State news said a security officer was shot dead by unidentified gunmen at a security checkpoint in the North Sinai town of Rafah. In Fayoum, southwest of Cairo, one man was killed and three others wounded at clashes between security forces and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood.
    (Reuters, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, Europe's main human rights and democracy forum accused Azerbaijan of intimidating and repressing its critics.
    (Reuters, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, A Haitian government official said health authorities will distribute pain medication to clinics around the country amid a surge in suspected cases of a mosquito-borne virus that is new to the region. More than 5,500 suspected cases of the chikungunya virus have been reported in Haiti, up from 1,500 cases a week earlier.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, An Indian court ordered anti-corruption campaigner Arvind Kejriwal to remain behind bars for another two weeks as he continued to refuse to pay bail in a defamation case.
    (AFP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, Iraq took legal action against Turkey after Ankara announced that oil from Iraq's autonomous Kurdish region was being exported to international markets.
    (AFP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, In Iraq violence in Baghdad and in Nineveh killed 9 people as throngs of Shiite pilgrims converged on Baghdad for annual commemoration rituals.
    (AFP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, In Libya at least 2 people were killed when missiles fired at a special forces army base missed their target and struck family homes in the eastern city of Benghazi.
    (AP, 5/24/14)
2014        May 23, The African Union said ethnic Tuareg separatist rebels have signed a cease-fire deal after having pushed the Malian army out of Kidal.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, The Int’l. Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague sentenced Germain Katanga, a Congolese militia leader, to 12 years in prison for his role in a 2003 attack where more than 200 civilians were killed.
    (SFC, 5/24/14, p.A3)
2014        May 23, In Pakistan dozens of baton-wielding Sikhs pushed past the front gate and entered the grounds of the parliament in Islamabad as they protested against recent attacks on their houses of worship.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, In Russia’s North Caucasus 4 militants and a member of Russia's security service were killed during clashes in Karbadino-Balkaria.
    (Reuters, 5/24/14)
2014        May 23, Syrian rebels and government forces began a truce in an opposition-held area near the central city of Homs. The truce in al-Waar, which lies across the Orontes River from Homs, was meant to enable the warring sites to negotiate an agreement that will allow the rebels to leave the area without being attacked, or later arrested.
    (AP, 5/24/14)
2014        May 23, In Thailand ousted members of the former government turned themselves in to the country's new military junta, as soldiers forcefully dispersed hundreds of anti-coup activists who defied a ban on large-scale gatherings to protest the army's seizure of power.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, A Tunisian soldier was killed and five wounded in a landmine explosion near the Algerian border where security forces have been hunting Islamist militants.
    (Reuters, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, In Ukraine armed pro-Russian separatists clashed with Ukrainian self-defense fighters near the eastern city of Donetsk, two days before the presidential election, and at least two people were killed.
    (Reuters, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, A United Nations committee concluded that the Vatican has effective worldwide control over bishops and priests who must comply with a UN anti-torture treaty, a finding that could expose the Catholic Church to new lawsuits by victims of clerical sex abuse.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, The UN said nearly 30 children fleeing the war-ravaged Central African Republic have died in just a month from starvation, exhaustion and exposure after crossing into Cameroon.
    (AFP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, In Vietnam a woman (67) died after setting herself on fire in downtown Ho Chi Minh City in protest against China's deployment of an oil rig in waters claimed by Hanoi.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, The WTO ruled that China's anti-dumping duties on imports of American-made cars and sport-utility vehicles violate international trade rules.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, In northern Yemen suicide bomber drove an explosives-laden car into a checkpoint manned by Shi'ite Muslim fighters, killing at least three people in Jawf province.
    (AP, 5/23/14)
2014        May 23, Zambia Ranger Dexter Chilunda was killed while investigating reports of gunshots in Liuwa Plain National Park. Two suspected poachers were arrested on June 1.
    (AP, 6/3/14)

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