Today in History - June 3

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1083        Jun 3, Henry IV of Germany stormed Rome capturing St. Peter's Basilica.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1098        Jun 3, Christian Crusaders of the First Crusade seized Antioch, Turkey.
    (HN, 6/3/99)

1539        Jun 3, Hernando De Soto claimed Florida for Spain. In 1922 Lippincott published "Narratives of de Soto in Florida." The translated texts included "A Narrative of de Soto's Expedition Based on the Diary of Rodrigo Rangel" by Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdes."
    (HN, 6/3/98)(ON, 4/01, p.5)

1594        Jun 3, Michel Renichon, priest, was executed.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1610        Jun 3, Jacob Neefs, Flemish engraver, publisher, was baptized.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1621        Jun 3, The Dutch West India Company received a charter for New Netherlands, now known as New York.
    (AP, 6/3/97)

1661        Jun 3, Gottfried Scheidt (67), composer, died.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1726        Jun 3, James Hutton, Scottish geologist, was born. He founded the science of geology and wrote "A Theory of the Earth."
    (HN, 6/3/99)

1732        Jun 3, Pieter Vuyst, Dutch gov-gen. of Ceylon, was executed.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1769        Jun 3, British navigator, Captain James Cook, British astronomer Charles Green and Swedish naturalist Daniel Solander observed and recorded a transit of Venus across the sun on the island of Tahiti during Cook's first voyage around the world.
    (http://transitofvenus.nl/wp/past-transits/1769-june-3/)

1770        Jun 3, Father Junipero Serra founded Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo on the shores of Monterey Bay as a chapel for the new Spanish Presidio of Monterey. A year later he moved the mission to Carmel.
    (SSFC, 11/25/01, p.C5)(www.sancarloscathedral.net/)

1771        Jun 3, Sydney Smith, preacher, reformer, author, was born in Woodford, Essex.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1804        Jun 3, Richard Cobden, English economist and politician, was born. He became known as 'the Apostle of free trade.' He led the Anti-Corn League, which in 1839-1846 fought to remove price controls and import barriers for wheat.
    (HN, 6/3/99)(Econ, 6/5/04, p.10)

1808        Jun 3, Jefferson Davis, the first and only president of the Confederacy (1861-1865), was born in Christian County, Ky. He was imprisoned and indicted for treason, but the case was dropped.
    (AP, 6/3/97)(HN, 6/3/99)

1809        Jun 3, John "Christmas" Beckwith (58), composer, died.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1814        Jun 3, Nicolas Appert (b.1749), French cook, died. He was the winner of a 12,000 franc prize offered by Napoleon for developing a method to preserve food. His original canning method took 14 years to develop and used glass jars sealed with wax reinforced with wire.
    (WSJ, 1/21/03, p.A1)(www.foodreference.com)

1861        Jun 3, In the first Civil War land battle, Union forces defeated Confederates at Philippi, in Western Virginia.
    (HN, 6/3/98)
1861        Jun 3, Stephen A Douglas, "Little Giant", senator (Lincoln Debates), died.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1863        Jun 3, Gen. Lee, with 75,000 Confederates, launched a second invasion of the North. Lee led his troops into Maryland and then Pennsylvania, to meet the Army of the Potomac again, this time around a small town called Gettysburg.
    (HNQ, 9/22/00)

1864        Jun 3, Some 7,000 Union troops were killed within 30 minutes during the Battle of Cold Harbor in Virginia. General Lee won his last victory of the Civil War at the Battle of Cold Harbor in Virginia
    (HN, 6/3/98)(MC, 6/3/02)

1865        Jun 3, George V, Saksen-Coburg [Windsor], King of Great Britain, was born.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1871        Jun 3, Jesse James and his gang robbed Obocock Bank in Corydon, Iowa, of $15,000.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1875        Jun 3, Georges Bizet (36), French composer (Carmen, Pearl Fishers), died.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1877        Jun 3, Raoul Dufy, French Fauvist painter (Palm), was born.
    (MC, 6/3/02)
1877        Jun 3, Frank Pocock, British explorer, drowned in the Congo.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1886        Jun 3, 24 Christians were burned to death in Namgongo, Uganda.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1888        Jun 3, The poem “Casey at the Bat" by Ernest Lawrence Thayer was 1st published in the SF Daily Examiner. The poem was based on a game played in Stockton, Ca.
    (SFC, 4/28/05, p.A1)(www.aaronshep.com/rt/RTE23.html)

1899        Jun 3, A French court overturned the 1894 guilty verdict against Capt. Dreyfus.
    (ON, 2/09, p.7)
1899        Jun 3, Johann Strauss (73), Jr., composer ("Waltz King"), died.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1904        Jun 3, Charles R. Drew (d.1950), American black surgeon, was born. He invented blood plasma banks. He helped develop methods to preserve blood plasma and protested the US Army's policy of segregating donated blood by race. While working on his doctorate at Columbia University, Drew researched ways to use and preserve blood plasma for use in transfusion. He quickly became a leading authority on "blood banks" and oversaw programs in the U.S. and Britain in the early years of World War II. He left this enterprise when the armed forces insisted on storing the blood plasma of blacks and whites separately. Taking jobs at Howard University and Freedman's Hospital in Washington, DC, he worked as an educator until his untimely death in a car accident in 1950.
    (SFC,11/12/97, p.A3)(HN, 6/3/00)(HNQ, 2/7/01)

1906        Jun 3, Josephine Baker, dancer, singer, Parisian nightclub owner, was born to an Indian and African mother and a Creole father in St. Louis. She was a talented singer and dancer who got her show business start with the Dixie Steppers vaudeville troupe and was the first black, female American entertainer to achieve international stardom. She left home at 13 to tour on the southern vaudeville circuit, later appeared on Broadway and was noted in New York as a comedienne. Frustrated by the racism she encountered in her homeland, Baker moved to France in 1925 and joined the Folies Bergere. Her sensuous performances with La Revue Negre earned her rave reviews and admiring fans. She returned to America in 1935 after 10 years in France only to find that racial barriers still prevented her from attaining the same status she enjoyed in Europe. She appeared in New York's Ziegfeld Follies but, when she did not achieve any success there she returned to France, became a citizen, and married a Frenchman. During World War II, Baker became active in undercover work for the French Resistance movement. She later adopted twelve orphans from around the world, calling them her "Rainbow Tribe." Josephine Baker died in France in 1975 and was buried in Paris with full military honors.
    (HNQ, 6/3/98)(HN, 6/3/98)(HNQ, 12/28/98)

1915        Jun 3, In northern California the Mount Lassen volcano erupted.
    (SSFC, 5/31/15, DB p.42)
1915        Jun 3, Leo Gorcey, actor (Mannequin, Road to Zanzibar), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1918        Jun 3, The US Supreme Court ruled child labor laws unconstitutional.
    (MC, 6/3/02)
1918        Jun 3, The Finnish Parliament ratified its treaty with Germany.
    (HN, 6/3/98)

1922        Jun 3, Alain Resnais, French film director, was born.
    (HN, 6/3/01)

1923        Jun 3, In Italy, dictator Benito Mussolini granted women the right to vote.
    (HN, 6/3/98)

1924        Jun 3, The US Forest Service designated 750,000 acres of the Gila National Forest in New Mexico as the Gila Wilderness, America’s first wilderness area. The Forest Service extended itself in a conservation direction promoted by Aldo Leopold, Arthur Carhart, and other agency staff.
    (www.foresthistory.org/research/usfscoll/policy/Wilderness/1924_Gila.html)
1924        Jun 3, Franz Kafka (b.1883), Czech writer, died. He was born in Prague and authored "The Castle" and "The Trial," both published after his death. Kafka had requested that his papers be burned after his death, but his friend, Max Brod, kept them and carried them to Tel Aviv when he fled Prague in 1939. Brod died in 1968 and left his personal secretary, Esther Hoffe, in charge of his literary estate and instructed her to transfer the Kafka papers to an academic institution. A critical German edition of The Castle was published in 1982 and an English translation of that edition came out in 1998. In 1927 Max Brod edited Kafka’s unfinished manuscript called "The Man Who Disappeared" and published it as "Amerika." In 2005 Roberto Calasso authored “K," a contemporary evaluation of Kafka’s work. In 2010 more of Kafka’s unfinished work emerged from safety deposit boxes in Tel Aviv and Zurich, Switzerland.
    (WSJ, 10/10/96, p.A1)(SFEC, 4/5/98, BR p.11)(SSFC, 12/8/02, p.M4)(SSFC, 2/20/05, p.B1)(SFC, 8/18/08, p.A12)(AP, 7/21/10)

1926        Jun 3, Allen Ginsberg (d.1997), poet, was born in Newark, New Jersey.
    (SFC, 4/16/97, p.E3)
1926        Jun 3, Colleen Dewhurst, actress (Maggie-Blue & Grey), was born in Montreal, Canada.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1928        Jun 3, Commander Amelia Earhart departed with pilot Bill Stultz from Boston Harbor to Halifax, Nova Scotia, and then to Trepassey, Newfoundland. From there on June 17 they embarked on a trans-Atlantic flight from Newfoundland to the British Isles.
    (AP, 6/17/97)(HNQ, 3/8/02)(ON, 12/07, p.8)
1928        Jun 3, Manchurian warlord Chian Tso-Lin died as a result of a bomb blast set off by the Japanese, who were planning to invade and claim Manchuria.
    (HN, 6/3/98)

1929        Jun 3, The 1st trade show at Atlantic City Convention Center featured electric light.
    (MC, 6/3/02)
1929        Jun 3, Chile, Peru & Bolivia signed an accord about the Tacna-Arica area. Chile and Peru accepted a proposal by Pres. Herbert Hoover over the outcome of the 1879-1893 War of the Pacific. Chile would retain Arica and return Tacna to Peru and grant access to the Arica port as a compromise. The accord was not implemented until 1999.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.A22)(MC, 6/3/02)

1932        Jun 3, Von Hindenburg disbanded the German Parliament.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1933        Jun 3, Pope Pius XI encyclical "On oppression of the Church in Spain."
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1934        Jun 3, Dr. Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, was knighted.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1935        Jun 3, The French liner Normandie set a record on its maiden voyage, arriving in New York after crossing the Atlantic in just four days, 11 hours and 42 minutes.
    (AP, 6/3/05)

1936        Jun 3, Larry McMurtry, novelist (The Last Picture Show, Terms of Endearment), was born.
    (HN, 6/3/01)
1936        Jun 3, Britain’s Air Ministry placed a £1.25 million order for 310 Spitfire fighters.
    (ON, 3/07, p.2)

1937        Jun 3, The Duke of Windsor, who had abdicated the British throne, married Wallis Warfield Simpson in Monts, France. In 2003 secret police records revealed that Simpson was also having an affair with Guy Marcus Trundle, a used car salesman.
    (AP, 6/3/97)(SFC, 1/30/03, p.A10)

1938        Jun 3, The German Reich voted to confiscate so-called "degenerate art."
    (HN, 6/3/98)

1940        Jun 3, In a special Maine election Margaret Chase Smith was elected to serve out the unexpired term of her late husband, Clyde Smith. At the next regular election, held 3 months later, Smith was voted to a full term in the House. She was elected to the Senate in 1948.
    (http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=s000590)
1940        Jun 3, The German Luftwaffe hit Paris with 1,100 bombs.
    (HN, 6/3/98)

1941        Jun 3, German occupiers stamped "J" on Jewish passports.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1942        Jun 3, Japanese carrier-based planes strafed Dutch Harbor in the Aleutian Islands as a diversion of the attack on Midway island.
    (HN, 6/3/99)

1943        Jun 3, United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration formed.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1944        Jun 3, Nazis pulled out of Rome.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1946        Jun 3, A Supreme Court decision struck down Virginia's segregation statute on interstate buses. The case stemmed from the 1944 incident where Irene Morgan was jailed for refusing to give up her bus seat.
    (SFC, 8/4/00, p.D2)
1946        Jun 3, Intl. Military Tribunal opened in Tokyo against 28 accused Japanese war criminals.
    (MC, 6/3/02)
1946        Jun 3, US Supreme court ruled that race separation on buses is unconstitutional.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1947        Jun 3, In Britain an announcement was made in the House of Commons that India was to be partitioned and that independence would follow. In 2007 Yasmin Khan authored “The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan." In 2015 Nisid Hajari authored “Midnight’s Furies: The Deadly Legacy of India’s Partition."
    (Econ, 7/21/07, p.81)(Econ, 7/4/15, p.70)

1948        Jun 3, Korczak Ziolkowski (1908-1982), a self-taught sculptor, began blasting a figure of Crazy Horse into rock in the Black Hills of South Dakota under an invitation by the Lakota Sioux. Ziolkowski had worked under Gutzon Borglum at the Mount Rushmore site. The face of Crazy Horse, at the site known as Thunder Mountain, was completed and dedicated in 1998.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, Par p.11)(SSFC, 9/9/07, p.C4)
1948        Jun 3, The 200-inch reflecting telescope at the Palomar Mountain Observatory in California was dedicated. The nearly 5.1 meter Hale telescope was operated by Caltech.
    (AP, 6/3/97)(SFEC, 4/23/00, p.C14)
1948        Jun 3, Newfoundland and Labrador voted by a slim margin to relinquish status as a British colony and to become the 10th province of Canada.
    (Econ, 10/13/07, p.42)(www.heritage.nf.ca/law/referendums.html)

1949        Jun 3, Wesley Anthony Brown became the 1st negro to graduate from US Naval Academy.
    (MC, 6/3/02)
1949        Jun 3, Amadeo Peter Giannini (b.1870), founder of the Bank of America, died in San Mateo, Ca.
    (SFC,12/23/97, p.A13)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amadeo_Giannini)

1950        Jun 3, French expedition reached the top of Himalayan peak of Annapurna in Nepal. Maurice Herzog (1919-2012) became the first man to climb the 8,000-meter peak despite losing all his fingers and toes to frostbite. He later went on to scale the heights of French politics.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annapurna)(AP, 12/15/12)

1952        Jun 3, A rebellion by North Korean prisoners in the Koje POW camp in South Korea was put down by American troops.
    (HN, 6/3/98)

1961        Jun 3, JFK and Khrushchev met in Vienna.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1962        Jun 3, Lee Harvey Oswald arrived by train in Oldenzaal, Netherlands.
    (MC, 6/3/02)

1967        Jun 3, Arthur Ransome (b.1884), English author of children’s adventure stories, died. He is best known for writing the “Swallows and Amazons" series of children's books. It is believed that he served as a double agent and worked in the Russian service after the collapse of the Czarist regime. In 1918 he wrote a propaganda pamphlet titled: “On Behalf of Russia: An Open Letter to America." In 2009 Roland Chambers authored “The Last Englishman: The Double Life of Arthur Ransome."
    (Econ, 8/29/09, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Ransome)
1963        June 3, Pope John XXIII died at the age of 81, ending a papacy marked by innovative reforms in the Roman Catholic Church. He was succeeded by Pope Paul VI.
    (AP, 6/3/97)

1965        Jun 3, Astronaut Edward White became the first American to "walk" in space, during the flight of Gemini 4.
    (AP, 6/3/97)

1968        Jun 3, There was a Poor Peoples' March on Washington.
    (MC, 6/3/02)
1968        Jun 3, Valerie Solanas, founder of the Society for Cutting Up Men (SCUM), and author of the "SCUM Manifesto," shot Andy Warhol with a .32 automatic in his New York film studio, known as The Factory. Warhol survived but Solanas was judged insane and served three years in a psychiatric prison. She died in 1988 at 52 in a welfare hotel in San Francisco of bronchial pneumonia and emphysema. The 1996 film "I Shot Andy Warhol" was made by Mary Harron and featured Lili Taylor as Solanas.
    (SFC, 5/15/96, p.E-1)(AP, 6/3/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valerie_Solanas)

1969        Jun 3, Last episode of Star Trek aired on NBC (Turnabout Intruder).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_Trek)

1970        Jun 3, Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht (b.1877), President of Germany’s Reichsbank (1933-1939), minister of Economics (1934-1936), died. Schacht was tried for crimes against peace in Nuremberg in 1946. His defense was that he was only a banker and economist.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hjalmar_Schacht)

1972            Jun 3, Sally J. Priesand (25) was ordained the 1st female US rabbi by Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati, Ohio. Upon ordination Rabbi Pries accepted a position at Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in NYC where she served for seven years, first as Assistant Rabbi and then as Associate Rabbi. From 1979-1981, she was Rabbi of Temple Beth El in Elizabeth, New Jersey and also served as Chaplain at Manhattan's Lenox Hill Hospital. Since 1981, she has served as Rabbi of Monmouth Reform Temple in New Jersey.
    (www.monmouth.com/~mrt/rabbi/bio.html)

1973        Jun 3, A Soviet supersonic Tupelov 144, nicknamed Concordski, exploded in flight at the Paris Air Show and crashed into a nearby village, killing the six-man crew and seven people on the ground. The plane beat the French and English through the sound barrier.
    (SFEC, 10/10/99, p.T4)(AP, 7/27/02)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupolev_Tu-144)

1974        Jun 3, The last Air America aircraft crossed the border from Laos into Thailand. American forces left Laos and abandoned some 36,000 Laotians hired to battle North Vietnamese troops. The Hmong and Iu Mien were 2 hill tribes hired by the Americans to break codes and rescue downed pilots. Many of the soldiers fled to Thailand where they lived in refugee camps. Some 35,000 Iu Mien later moved to the US.
    (SFC,12/27/97, p.A15)(SFEC, 1/24/99, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/3mzgcy)
1974        Jun 3, Charles Colson, an aide to President Richard Nixon, pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice.
    (HN, 6/3/98)
1974        Jun 3, Yitzhak Rabin (1922-1995) formed a new Israeli government.
    (www.pmo.gov.il/PMOEng/Government/Memorial/PrimeMinisters/Rabin.htm)

1975        Jun 3, The musical "Chicago" opened on Broadway with a book by Fred Ebb and Bob Fosse, and music by John Kander.
    (WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A14)(http://broadwaymusicalhome.com/shows/chicago.htm)
1975        Jun 3, Ozzie Nelson (b.1906), actor (Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet), died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0625651/bio)

1976        Jun 3, Britain presented to the US the oldest known copy of the Magna Carta.
    (www.magnacharta.org/enews82000.htm)

1977        Jun 3, Roberto Rossellini (b.1906), Italian director, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roberto_Rossellini)

1979        Jun 3, In the 33rd Tony Awards: Elephant Man & Sweeny Todd won.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2lytw4)
1979        Jun 3, Ixtoc 1, an exploratory oil well in the Gulf of Mexico, blew and spilled an estimated 3.3 million barrels of oil by March 1980.
    (SFC, 11/20/02, p.A14)(Econ, 5/8/10, p.69)

1981        Jun 3, Pope John Paul II left a Rome hospital and returned to the Vatican three weeks after the attempt on his life.
    (AP, 6/3/97)

1982        Jun 3, Israel's ambassador to Britain, Shlomo Argov (1929-2003), was shot and critically wounded outside a London hotel. Israel's invasion of Lebanon followed the assassination attempt. The attack was blamed on Abu Nidal’s Palestinian Fatah group.
    (WSJ, 8/20/02, p.A18)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)(AP, 6/3/07)

1983        Jun 3, Gordon Kahl (b.1920), a militant tax protester wanted in the slayings of two US marshals in North Dakota, was killed in a gun battle with law enforcement officials near Smithville, Ark. Kahl was a former member of the anti-tax Posse Comitatus movement founded in 1969 by Henry L Beach.
    (AP, 6/3/97)(http://law.jrank.org/pages/9290/Posse-Comitatus.html)

1984        Jun 3, In San Francisco the cable cars on California Street returned to service after nearly 20 months and $58.2 million in re-design and construction costs.
    (SSFC, 5/31/09, DB p.50)

1985        Jun 3, Jerry A. Whitworth was arrested by the FBI, accused of being part of a spy ring headed by John A. Walker Jr. Whitworth was later sentenced to 365 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/3/05)

1986        Jun 3, In Beirut, Lebanon, Shiite Moslem militiamen clashed in separate battles with Palestinians and a pro-Palestinian Sunni Moslem faction. 53 people were killed.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ygh5ls)

1987        Jun 3, President Reagan arrived in Italy to prepare for a summit of major industrialized democracies, the 13th such gathering of world leaders.
    (AP, 6/3/97)
1987        Jun 3, Patricia Lopez (9) disappeared after leaving school in Santa Ana, Ca. Her body was found 2 days later bludgeoned to death in a feeder tunnel of the Santa Ana riverbed. In 2007 DNA evidence identified her brother, Rosendo Lopez (42), as the murderer.
    (SFC, 10/16/07, p.D12)
1987        Jun 3, Andres Segovia (b.1893), Spanish classical guitarist, died in Madrid.
    (WSJ, 8/7/00, p.A6)(www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Andr%E9s_Segovia)

1988        Jun 3, President Reagan returned home from the superpower summit in Moscow after a stopover in London.
    (AP, 6/3/98)
1988        Jun 3, Amber Swartz-Garcia (7) was abducted from her home in Pinole, Ca. In 2009 police identified cab driver Curtis Dean Anderson (d.2007), the 1999 killer of Xiana Fairchild(7), as the person who abducted Amber Swartz-Garcia, drove her to Arizona and killed her. Amber’s body was never found.
    (SFC, 1/29/99, p.A18)(SFEC, 4/2/00, p.B2)(SFC, 7/7/09, p.A1,7)

1989        Jun 3, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (89), Iran's spiritual and supreme leader, died.
    (AP, 6/3/97)(SFC, 8/15/97, p.A15)
1989        Jun 3, Japan’s Foreign Minister Sousuke Uno was named prime minister. He replaced Noboru Takeshita, who resigned to save his ruling Liberal Democratic Party from further embarrassment over an influence peddling scandal.
    (www.time.com/time/archive/preview/0,10987,957926,00.html)
1989        Jun 3, An explosion of a liquefied gas pipeline engulfed two Trans-Siberian Railroad trains parked outside the Central Asian city of Ufa in the Soviet Union. 575 people were killed.
    (AP, 4/23/04)
1989        Jun 3-1989 Jun 4, Chinese troops entered Beijing. They fired into the crowd at Tiananmen Square and killed at least hundreds of demonstrators.
    (SFC, 2/20/96, p.A4)

1990        Jun 3, President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev concluded their Washington summit with a joint news conference at the White House. Gorbachev and his delegation then flew to Minnesota for a whirlwind tour of Minneapolis-St. Paul.
    (AP, 6/3/00)
1990        Jun 3, "City of Angels" won Best Musical and "The Grapes of Wrath" won Best Play at the 44th Tony Awards.
    (AP, 6/3/00)
1990        Jun 3, Robert Noyce (b.1927), co-inventor of the integrated circuit, co-founder and 1st CEO of Intel Corp. (1968), died at age 62. In 2005 Leslie Berlin authored “The Man Behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley.
    (www.ieee.org/organizations/history_center/legacies/noyce.html)(SSFC, 7/10/05, p.E1)

1991        Jun 3, Pope John Paul the Second, visiting the Polish city of Kielce, indirectly criticized abortion, appealing to his listeners to "prevent further destruction of the Polish family."
    (AP, 6/3/01)
1991        Jun 3, Mount Unzendake in southern Japan erupted and left 43 people dead and nearly 2,300 homeless.
    (SFC, 3/31/00, p.A17)(SFEC, 4/2/00, p.A17)(AP, 6/3/01)

1992        Jun 3, Undeclared presidential candidate Ross Perot announced he'd hired Hamilton Jordan and Edward Rollins to help steer his campaign. Democrat Bill Clinton appeared on "The Arsenio Hall Show."
    (AP, 6/3/97)
1992        Jun 3, Actor Robert Morley died in Reading, England, at age 84.
    (AP, 6/3/02)
1992        Jun 3, William Gaines (70), MAD magazine publisher died in New York.
    (AP, 6/3/02)

1993        Jun 3, President Clinton abandoned his nomination of Lani Guinier to head the Justice Department's civil rights division, hearing critics who accused her of far-out views on minority rights.
    (AP, 6/3/98)

1994        Jun 3, President Clinton, continuing his tour of Italy, visited the graves of American soldiers killed in the Anzio landing during World War II.
    (AP, 6/3/99)
1994        Jun 3, The US began consultations with South Korea, Japan and Russia on how to retaliate for North Korea's removal of vital evidence about its nuclear weapons capability.
    (AP, 6/3/99)

1995        Jun 3, Bosnian Serb officials made contradictory statements about the whereabouts of an American pilot, a day after his Air Force jet was shot down. Bosnian Serb military sources claimed that the pilot, later identified as Captain Scott F. O'Grady, was in Bosnian Serb hands—a claim that proved false.
    (AP, 6/3/00)
1995        Jun 3, In Bosnia Mladic forces seized a Dutch observation post.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)

1996        Jun 3, The FBI pulled the plug on electricity at the Freemen ranch in Montana in an attempt to persuade the occupants to negotiate an end to the 71-day-old standoff.
    (AP, 6/3/97)
1996        Jun 3, During joint war games in the Pacific, a Japanese destroyer mistakenly shot down an American attack plane; two Navy aviators ejected safely.
    (AP, 6/3/97)
1996        Jun 3, The Rising Star Baptist Church in Greensboro, Ala., burned down. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1996        Jun 3, In the Ukraine a hepatitis epidemic has hospitalized nearly 3,000 residents of Sevastopol so far this year. Also all nuclear weapons have been transferred to Russia for dismantling. The US paid $267 mil for the removal.
    (WSJ, 8/8/95, p. B6D) (WSJ, 8/8/95, p. A1)
1996        Jun 3, In Chad Pres. Idriss Deby led 15 candidates in the first multiparty elections. [dates do not jive]
    (WSJ, 8/8/95, p. A1)
1996        Jun 3, A recent announcement was made that Hughes Electronics will take over the Indianapolis Naval Air Warfare Center. The NAWC made the bombsights that helped win WW II.
    (WSJ, 8/8/95, p. A14)
1996        Jun 3, The government of Bahrain said that 29 militants confessed last month to be trained by Iran to topple the ruling Al Khalifa family and install a Shiite Muslim government.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A11)
1996        Jun 3, Turkish soldiers shot and killed a Greek Cypriot soldier in the no-man's zone of Cyprus
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A11)

1997        Jun 3, The United States banned most slaughtered-animal parts from livestock feed because of concerns over "mad cow disease."
    (AP, 6/3/98)
1997        Jun 3, Harvey Johnson became the first black mayor of Jackson, Miss., the state capital. He took his oath of office on Jul 7.
    (SFC, 6/4/97, p.A3)(SFC, 7/8/97, p.A4)
1997        Jun 3, The "Pillar of Shame," a sculpture symbolizing oppression by Jans Galschiot of Denmark was erected in Victoria Park, Honk Kong.
    (SFC, 6/4/97, p.A11)
1997        Jun 3, Reinforcements from a peace-keeping force in Liberia were sent in to help Nigerian troops against the insurrectionist troops of Sierra Leone. After a bloody coup, 1,200 foreigners fled Sierra Leone aboard an American warship.
    (SFC, 6/4/97, p.A10)(AP, 6/3/98)

1998        Jun 3, An 87-foot memorial to Crazy Horse, sculpted into rock near Custer in the South Dakota Black Hills by Korczak Ziolkowski (d.1982), was dedicated after 50 years of work.
    (SFC, 4/13/98, p.A5)(SSFC, 7/28/02, Par p.11)
1998        Jun 3, Pres. Clinton announced the renewal of favored nation trade status with China. President Clinton urged Congress to renew normal trade benefits for China, saying good relations with Beijing were crucial amid fears of a nuclear arms race in South Asia.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A3)(AP, 6/3/99)
1998        Jun 3, In New York City hundreds of sidewalk food vendors held a 1-day strike and paraded through lower Manhattan.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 3, The FDA approved Rebetron, a combination of two anti-viral drugs (interferon and ribavirin), to treat Chronic Hepatitis C.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A9)
1998        Jun 3, Eritrean and Ethiopian soldiers clashed in heavy fighting along their disputed border.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A11)
1998        Jun 3, In Germany the high-speed ICE 884 train derailed near Eschede and 94 [101] people were killed. A damaged wheel was later cited as the cause.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/8/98, p.A1)(AP, 6/3/99)
1998        Jun 3, Mexico announced that it would prosecute US customs officials for breaking numerous Mexican laws in the undercover Casablanca operation that was announced May 18.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 3, In Mexico Chiapas Gov. Roberto Albores ordered a thousand police officers and soldiers into the town of Nicolas Ruiz where 141 people were arrested for supporting Zapatista rebels.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A10)
1998        Jun 3, The Kremlin announced a crackdown on skinheads.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, p.T8)
1998        Jun 3, Special Serbian forces reported 40 people killed in a 5-day operation in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 6/4/98, p.A10)
1998        Jun 3, From Sierra Leone it was reported that 243,000 refugees had fled to camps in Liberia and Guinea in terror of the ousted junta's loyalists.
    (WSJ, 6/3/98, p.A1)

1999        Jun 3, Stock pick for today is Arch Communications (APGR), a pager company. The close was around $2.61 per share.
    http://www.bigcharts.com/

1999        Jun 3, It was reported that Catholics and Lutherans had agreed to sign an accord over the theological issue of "justification." They agreed that divine forgiveness and salvation come "solely by God's grace" and that good works flow from that.
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.C4)
1999        Jun 3, Pres. Clinton called for an extension of China's favorable trading status on the 10th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 3, The US and Canada signed a 10-year accord to limit salmon fishing in the northwest based on the abundance of particular species.
    (WSJ, 6/4/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 3, Zane Floyd (23), a former Marine, killed 4 employees at an Albertsons supermarket in Las Vegas before being arrested by police.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A4)
1999        Jun 3, The 15-member EU announced plans to establish itself as a military power with a 60,000-troop force. A day later the EU named Javier Solana as the 1st foreign policy and security czar of the union.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A14)(SFC, 6/5/99, p.A12)
1999        Jun 3, Pres. Milosevic agreed to end the Kosovo conflict on the 72nd day of bombing. The key elements included: an end to fighting in Kosovo; a quick and verifiable withdrawal of Yugoslav and Serb forces; deployment a security force "with essential NATO participation;" disarmament of the KLA; and the safe return of ethnic Albanian refugees. Separately it was reported that over 5,000 members of the Yugoslav security forces had been killed by NATO air strikes.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.A1,11)
1999        Jun 3, From Iraq it was reported that a drought had killed about 70% of the nation's crops.
    (WSJ, 6/3/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 3, Pakistan freed Indian fighter pilot, Flight Lt. Nachiketa, as a good will gesture.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.D2)
1999        Jun 3, In Peru rebels of the Maoist Shining Path killed 9 people in 2 incidents in the highlands.
    (SFC, 6/5/99, p.A12)
1999        Jun 3, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin commuted all the remaining death sentences (716). From 1995-1996 an average of 132 executions were performed with a shot to the back of the head.
    (SFC, 6/4/99, p.D2)
1999        Jun 3, From Sierra Leone a new wave of mutilations was reported by Doctors Without Borders.
    (SFC, 6/3/99, p.C3)

2000        Jun 3, Pres. Clinton met with Russia's Pres. Putin in Moscow and began discussions on trade, missile defense and arms control.
    (SFEC, 6/4/00, p.A1)(AP, 6/3/01)
2000        Jun 3, William Simon, head of the US Treasury Dept. from 1974-1977, died at age 72. His published work included "A Time for Truth" and "A Time for Action." Simon left Wall Street as a bond trader to serve under Nixon as Deputy Sec. of the Treasury in 1973. From 1977-1980 he served as treasurer of the US Olympic Committee.
    (SFEC, 6/4/00, p.C15)(WSJ, 6/7/00, p.A26)
2000        Jun 3, Leonard Baskin (b.1922), American artist, writer and teacher, died. His work included paintings, sculptures, woodcuts and etchings.
    (SFEC, 7/23/00, DB p.36)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Baskin)

2001        Jun 3, The 2001 Tony winners included the play "Proof" and a lifetime achievement award to musical director Paul Gemignani. Mel Brooks' musical comedy "The Producers" won a record 12 Tony Awards.
    (SFC, 6/4/01, p.E3)(AP, 6/3/02)
2001        Jun 3, It was reported that the newest teen dance was called "freaking" and involved the partners, male behind female, thrusting to a hip-hop beat as in "Get Ur Freak On."
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A23)
2001        Jun 3, Anthony Quinn (b.1915), film actor, died in Boston at age 86. His films included "Zorba the Greek" (1964) and "Viva Zapata" (1952).
    (SFC, 6/4/01, p.A1)(NW, 12/31/01, p.111)
2001        Jun 3, In California pilot Daniel Katz (24) disappeared while flying over San Bernardino National Forest. This spurred one of the most extensive and high-tech searches in the area's history. In 2008 the wreckage of his rented plane was found on a steep mountainside north of Rancho Cucamonga near Lytle Creek.
    (AP, 9/23/08)
2001        Jun 3, In Bangladesh 10 people were killed in a church bombing in Baniarchar. Police later detained 7 suspects.
    (SFC, 6/5/01, p.A14)
2001        Jun 3, It was reported the Burundi was poised for war due to conflicts between the Hutu majority and Tutsi minority.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A16)
2001        Jun 3, In Indonesia over 100 police generals rejected Pres. Wahid's decision to fire police chief Suroyo Bimantoro.
    (SFC, 6/4/01, p.A10)
2001        Jun 3, In Peru Alejandro Toledo won the presidency over ex-president Alan Garcia.
    (SFC, 6/4/01, p.A1)(AP, 6/3/02)
2001        Jun 3, It was reported that Singapore may consider reviewing the 1992 ban on chewing gum to allow nicotine gum for smokers.
    (SSFC, 6/3/01, p.A16)

2002        Jun 3, Pres. Bush, in Little Rock, Ark., to promote his welfare initiative, said intelligence agencies and the FBI had to do a better job tracking and catching terrorists, emphasizing pursuit of "this shadowy enemy."
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2002        Jun 3, US CIA director George Tenet met with Israeli leaders as Israel stepped up seizures of Arab land for use as security buffer zones.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A7)
2002        Jun 3, It was reported that the US planned to resume manufacturing plutonium triggers for nuclear warheads at a new $4.4 billion plant in 2020.
    (WSJ, 6/3/02, p.A1)
2002        Jun 3, It was reported that scientists had discovered a new amino acid, dubbed pyrrolysine, in Archaea microbes. This brought the known total to 22.
    (SFC, 6/3/02, p.A4)
2002        Jun 3, NASA launched the $159 million Contour space probe to study the composition of comets. Scientists lost contact on Aug 15.
    (SFC, 8/16/02, p.A6)
2002        Jun 3, Lew Wasserman (89), movie mogul, died in Beverly Hills, Calif. In 2003 Connie Bruck authored his biography: "When Hollywood Had a King."
    (AP, 6/3/03)(WSJ, 6/6/03, p.W8)
2002        Jun 3, A rock concert at Buckingham Palace celebrated Queen Elizabeth II's 50 years on the throne.
    (AP, 6/3/07)
2002        Jun 3, In Colombia 9 people were killed in Chigorodo. Police suspected leftist rebels. At least 49 people were killed in weekend fighting outside a former rebel-held zone in the south.
    (WSJ, 6/4/02, p.A1)
2002        Jun 3, India and Pakistan exchanged fire in Kashmir and at least 8 civilians were killed and 23 injured.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A8)
2002        Jun 3, A 16-country summit of Central Asian leaders opened in Almaty, Kazakstan.
    (SFC, 6/3/02, p.A1)
2002        Jun 3, Pakistan blocked financial assistance to 115 Islamic schools for their alleged involvement in militancy and violence.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A8)
2002        Jun 3, In Thailand 3 gunmen attacked a school bus and killed 2 teenage students in the Ratchaburi province near Burma. 15 others were injured.
    (SFC, 6/4/02, p.A12)

2003        Jun 3, Sammy Sosa was ejected in the first inning of Chicago's 3-2 win over the Tampa Bay Devil Rays after umpires found cork in his shattered bat.
    (AP, 6/3/04)
2003        Jun 3, John Hickenlooper (b.1952) was elected mayor of Denver.
    (Econ, 11/3/07, p.39)(www.boomerstv.com/episodes_profile.php?lid=346)
2003        Jun 3, Eric Robert Rudolph pleaded innocent in a deadly 1998 abortion clinic bombing in Birmingham, Ala.
    (AP, 6/3/04)
2003        Jun 3, Jurors in Detroit convicted Abdel-Ilah Elmardoudi and Karim Koubriti of supporting planned terrorist strikes. Their case began 6 days after the Sep 11, 2001 attacks.
    (SFC, 6/4/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 3, In Egypt Arab leaders met with President Bush as he plunged into the labyrinth of Mideast peace talks. They pledged to fight terror and violence and called on Israel to "rebuild trust and restore normal Palestinian life."
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2003        Jun 3, The G-8 in Evian, France, issued closing statements. These included: confidence in the global economic future; they put North Korea and Iran on notice that member countries will not stand by and let them acquire nuclear weapons; they committed to further improve cooperation with African nations to lift the world's poorest continent out of civil war, disease and poverty; and adopted a plan to help halve the number of people without access to clean water and sanitation by 2015.
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2003        Jun 3, Miss Dominican Republic, 18-year-old Amelia Vega, was crowned in Panama City, Panama, as Miss Universe 2003.
    (AP, 6/4/03)
2003        Jun 3, Israel released about 100 prisoners, a goodwill gesture ahead of a Mideast peace summit with U.S. President George W. Bush.
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2003        Jun 3, Police in Nairobi, Kenya, said a landlord's thugs had hacked 9 people to death in a campaign to drive out shanty tenants and raise rents.
    (WSJ, 6/4/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 3, In Peru thousands of trade unionists and striking teachers marched through downtown Lima in defiance of a state of emergency that put the armed forces in charge of maintaining order.
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2003        Jun 3, In Spain a head-on train collision near Chinchilla in Albacete province left at least 11 people dead and another 16 missing.
    (AP, 6/4/03)
2003        Jun 3, In Togo security forces arrested opposition leaders and beat their followers, moving out in force to quell protests of an election the military ruler claimed to be winning.
    (AP, 6/3/03)
2003        Jun 3, In Zimbabwe a general strike shut down much of the already crippled economy, and security forces prevented efforts to organize massive street protests against Pres. Mugabe.
    (AP, 6/3/03)

2004        Jun 3, Julio Franco became, at age 45, the oldest player in major league history to hit a grand slam, connecting in Atlanta's 8-to-4 victory over Philadelphia.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2004        Jun 3, Pres. Bush said CIA Director George Tenet, has resigned for personal reasons. Tenet announced his resignation amid a controversy over intelligence lapses about suspected weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2004        Jun 3, The United States signed an agreement to give Egypt $300 million to compensate it for "regional unrest" stemming from last year's war in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/4/04)
2004        Jun 3, FBI Director Robert Mueller proposed the creation of an intelligence service within the FBI with clear authority over all FBI activities.
    (SFC, 6/4/04, A5)
2004        Jun 3, Former Pres. Clinton opened a book tour for his 957-page memoir “My Life" to be published on June 22.
    (SFC, 6/4/04, A2) 
2004        Jun 3, In Congo U.N. troops opened fire on rioters, killing two, as a mob broke into their base and tens of thousands of protesters overran the capital city of Kinshasa. Demonstrations swept the country over fighting in its volatile east.
    (AP, 6/3/04)
2004        Jun 3, Germany’s Goethe Center opened a reading room in Pyongyang, North Korea.
    (www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,1207346,00.html)
2004        Jun 3, Several mortar shells were fired at the Italian Embassy in Baghdad, causing some Iraqi deaths.
    (AP, 6/3/04)
2004        Jun 3, In Beirut, Lebanon, OPEC leaders agreed to raise their output ceiling by 2.5 million barrels a day.
    (WSJ, 6/4/04, p.A2)
2004        Jun 3, In Pakistan police and Shiite Muslim protesters clashed the northern city of Gilgit, killing one man. Investigators named an al-Qaida-linked militant group as their chief suspect in the suicide bombing of a Shiite mosque in Karachi that triggered mass rioting.
    (AP, 6/3/04)
2004        Jun 3, Nam Cam (Truong Van Cam, 57), an alleged Vietnamese crime "godfather," and four of his gangster colleagues were executed by firing squad after being convicted in a major crackdown on crime that is said to have reached into the ruling Communist Party.
    (AP, 6/3/04)

2005        Jun 3, The US accused 14 nations of failing to do enough to stop the modern-day slave trade in prostitutes, child sex workers and forced laborers. The countries included Bolivia, Cambodia, Cuba, Ecuador, Jamaica, Kuwait, Myanmar, North Korea, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Togo the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 3, US military officials said no guard at the Guantanamo Bay prison for terror suspects had flushed a detainee’s Quran down the toilet, but disclosed there were instances in which Qurans were abused by guards, intentionally or accidentally.
    (AP, 6/3/06)
2005        Jun 3, In eastern Afghanistan a bomb exploded next to a US military convoy, killing two American soldiers and wounding a third.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 3, Albanian novelist Ismail Kadare (b.1936) won the first international version of Britain's prestigious Man Booker literary prize. Kadare became famous in his homeland with the 1963 publication of his first novel, "The General of the Dead Army" (1963). His other works include "The Concert" (1988) and "The Palace of Dreams" (1981). David Bellos won the accompanying translator’s prize.
    (AP, 6/3/05)(Econ, 9/10/11, p.96)
2005        Jun 3, Bolivia's Pres. Carlos Mesa called a constitutional assembly and a referendum over greater regional autonomies, meeting the key demands behind street protests that have virtually paralyzed La Paz for more than two weeks.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, In Brazil new logging permits were suspended in Mato Grosso state where the rain forest is being cleared at an ever increasing rate.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, Gordon Brown, Britain's treasury chief, proposed canceling all debt to Africa's poorest countries, eliminating all trade barriers and selling gold reserves as part of a "modern Marshall plan" for the giant continent.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, Iraqi insurgent commanders "apparently came face to face" with four American officials during meetings on June 3 and June 13 at a summer villa near Balad, about 25 miles north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 3, Gunmen killed a city council official in Kirkuk. Gunmen also killed Razzouq Mohammed Ibrahim, an Iraqi contractor in charge of renovating a mosque in western Samarra. Two Iraqi civilians, including a child, were killed when their car swerved into a US Bradley fighting vehicle near Khalis.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, Oscar Espinosa Villarreal, former Mexico City mayor (1994-1998) and tourism secretary, was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison for embezzling government funds and ordered to pay more than $26 million in reparations.
    (AP, 6/4/05)
2005        Jun 3, A Peruvian judge ordered the arrest of 29 military officials for their alleged involvement in the decades-old massacre of dozens of campesinos in an Andean village.
    (AP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra arrived in New Delhi, India, for talks on a free trade agreement and civil aviation liberalization.
    (AFP, 6/3/05)
2005        Jun 3, The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) was formed with Brunei, Chile, New Zealand and Singapore as partners. It aimed to integrate the economies of the Asia-Pacific region.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-Pacific_Strategic_Economic_Partnership)
2005        Jun 3, UN Pres. Jean Ping presented 191 member governments the first draft of a plan for overhauling the United Nations, complete with demands to pay more attention to poverty and human rights. The document avoided the contentious issues of Security Council expansion, defining terrorism and guidelines for using force.
    (AP, 6/4/05)

2006        Jun 3, Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, attending a security conference in Singapore, branded Iran the world's leading terrorist nation yet hoped Tehran seriously would consider incentives from the West in exchange for suspending suspect nuclear activities.
    (AP, 6/3/07)
2006        Jun 3, The 2006 World Philatelic Exposition ended in Washington, DC. It is held in the US every 10 years.
    (SFC, 5/30/06, p.A2)
2006        Jun 3, Doctors reported that a new experimental drug, lapatinib, from British-based GlaxoSmithKline PLC, delayed the growth of advanced breast cancer in women who had stopped responding to the drug Herceptin and were out of treatment options. The company planned to sell the drug under the name Tykerb.
    (AP, 6/3/06)(SSFC, 6/4/06, p.A5)
2006        Jun 3, John Finley Scott (b.1934), a retired UC Davis sociology professor, went missing from his home outside Davis, Ca. Much spattered blood was found in his bedroom and foyer. Scott was also known for inventing the mountain bike. In January 2007 Yolo County authorities arraigned his handyman, Charles Cunningham (38). Cunningham was charged with murdering a witness and five other felonies. In December Cunningham was sentenced to 31 years in prison.
    (www.charleyproject.org/cases/s/scott_john.html)(SFC, 12/5/07, p.B2)
2006        Jun 3, Afghanistan's government announced plans to replace dozens of police commanders, including the police chief in Kabul. In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban rebels attacked a police station in Miana Shien, but police repulsed them after a bloody battle that lasted several hours. Witnesses said 12 rebels were killed and at least as many wounded. 4 policemen and 18 Taliban were killed in a battle that erupted after rebels attacked a police post in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 6/3-4/06)
2006        Jun 3, Bolivia’s leftist President Evo Morales launched a sweeping land reform plan by handing over roughly 9,600 square miles of state-owned land to poor Indians. The ceremony came after talks broke down between Morales and agribusiness leaders on land reforms that involve handing out 77,000 square miles of government land, an area twice the size of Portugal, over the next five years.
    (AP, 6/3/06)
2006        Jun 3, British PM Tony Blair had a private audience with Pope Benedict XVI, at which the two men focused on the importance of inter-faith dialogue, in particular with "moderate Islam", in achieving peace.
    (AP, 6/3/06)
2006        Jun 3, In northeast China a suicide bomber attacked his former wife's wedding, killing at least eight other people and injuring five.
    (AP, 6/5/06)
2006        Jun 3, In China a military transport plane carrying 40 crashed in eastern Anhui province. All 40 people aboard were killed. 2 Beijing-backed newspapers later reported that the plane was a surveillance aircraft carrying nearly 3 dozen electronics experts.
    (AP, 6/4/06)(AP, 6/6/06)(AP, 9/7/06)
2006        Jun 3, Gunmen attacked a car belonging to the Russian Embassy in Baghdad, killing one diplomat and kidnapping four employees. Gunmen ambushed a police checkpoint in Baqouba, killing seven policemen and wounding five pedestrians. A suicide attacker blew up his car bomb at the main market in the oil-rich southern city of Basra, killing at least 27 people and injuring 67.
    (AP, 6/3/06)(SSFC, 6/4/06, p.A4)
2006        Jun 3, Montenegro's parliament declared independence from Serbia, forming Europe's newest country and dissolving the last vestiges of the former Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 6/3/06)
2006        Jun 3, The body of Zoran Vukojevic, a key witness in the trial of the alleged assassins of Serbia's first democratic prime minister since World War II, was found outside Belgrade. Vukojevic, a member of so-called Zemun Clan criminal group accused of plotting PM Zoran Djindjic's 2003 killing, had testified in 2004 against his fellow gang members. Police also discovered the body of another Zemun Clan member, Zoran Povic, in central Belgrade.
    (AP, 6/4/06)
2006        Jun 3, In Somalia 5 people were killed in fighting between Islamic militiamen and their secular rivals on the outskirts of Mogadishu.
    (AP, 6/3/06)
2006        Jun 3, Thousands of Tibetan exiles cast their votes for a de facto prime minister. Voting for one of two candidates took place at 53 polling stations set up by the election commission in India, Nepal, North America, Europe, Australia and Taiwan.
    (AFP, 6/3/06)
2006        Jun 3, The long-awaited first shipment of Caspian oil from the new Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline got on its way from a Turkish port.
    (AFP, 6/4/06)
2006        Jun 3, President Hugo Chavez inaugurated a Venezuelan film studio to counter what he called Hollywood's cultural "dictatorship." Venezuela received 30,000 Russian-made assault rifles, the first shipment in a deal for 100,000 rifles.
    (AP, 6/3/06)

2007        Jun 3, After attending the MTV Movie Awards, Paris Hilton reported to jail to serve a 45-day sentence for a probation violation in an alcohol-related reckless driving case. Hilton was released after three days behind bars for an unspecified medical condition, but a Los Angeles County judge ordered her back to jail.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2007        Jun 3, In Afghanistan 3 "enemies of peace and stability" were killed when a bomb they were planting exploded in the eastern province of Laghman. An Afghan army soldier was killed and another was injured by a remotely-controlled Taliban bomb in Zabul province.
    (AFP, 6/4/07)
2007        Jun 3, Australia’s PM John Howard ditched his opposition to a greenhouse gas reduction target for Australia with a pledge to set a national pollution limit next year.
    (AP, 6/3/07)
2007        Jun 3, A strong earthquake shook a hilly southwestern Chinese region near the border with Laos, killing at least three people.
    (AP, 6/3/07)
2007        Jun 3, A 19-year-old Chinese soldier died of the virulent strain of bird flu, the country's 16th reported death from the virus.
    (AP, 6/4/07)
2007        Jun 3, In northeast India suspected rebels ambushed a police vehicle, killing four policemen and injuring two others.
    (AP, 6/4/07)
2007        Jun 3, A car parked near a police station and an open-air market exploded in Balad Ruz, northeast of Baghdad, killing nine civilians and one policeman and wounding 25 other people. Elsewhere in Diyala province gunmen stopped a commuter minibus and raked its passengers with gunfire, killing five people and injuring seven. American helicopter gunships attacked targets in Mahdi Army-dominated Shiite east Baghdad, killing four suspected militants. Mahdi Army militiamen battled with Iraqi troops and local police searching for two militia leaders in the southern city of Diwaniyah. At least three people were killed and 24 wounded. 4 US soldiers died in a single roadside bombing northwest of Baghdad. Two other soldiers were killed and five were wounded along with an Iraqi interpreter in two separate roadside bombings.
    (AP, 6/3/07)(AP, 6/4/07)
2007        Jun 3, In Libya African leaders sought to reconcile differences between neighbors Chad and Sudan over Darfur and boost Somalia's embattled transitional government at a regional summit.
    (AFP, 6/3/07)
2007        Jun 3, In southern Mexico tons of bananas collapsed the false floor of a tractor-trailer smuggling migrants, killing 6 people hidden inside a secret compartment and wounding a dozen others.
    (AP, 6/4/07)
2007        Jun 3, Heavy gunfire rang out from inside a bombed out Palestinian refugee camp as the Lebanese army pounded Islamic militants holed up inside during the third day of a military offensive aimed at crushing the al-Qaida-inspired group.
    (AP, 6/3/07)
2007        Jun 3, Some 2,000 men and women participated in a series of four nude group photos in Amsterdam in the early hours of the morning as part of the latest project of US photographer Spencer Tunick.
    (AP, 6/3/07)
2007        Jun 3, Nigerian gunmen kidnapped six foreign staff of United Company RUSAL after blowing up their apartment with explosives in the southeastern town of Ikot Abasi.
    (Reuters, 6/3/07)
2007        Jun 3, Hamas militants wounded four Israeli soldiers in a mortar attack on a base near the Gaza Strip, shortly after Israel's PM Ehud Olmert vowed to press ahead with military operations against Palestinian gunmen.
    (AP, 6/3/07)
2007        Jun 3, President Vladimir Putin warned that Moscow could take "retaliatory steps" if Washington proceeds with plans to build a missile defense system for Europe, including possibly aiming nuclear weapons at targets on the continent.
    (WSJ, 6/4/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 3, A severe landslide has nearly obliterated one of Russia's most noted natural wonders, the Valley of Geysers. A snow-covered mound collapsed "within seconds" and caused a massive landslide, about a mile long and 600 feet wide, burying two-thirds of the valley.
    (AP, 6/5/07)
2007        Jun 3, In Sierra Leone a helicopter ferrying passengers to the main airport crashed, bursting into flames and killing 22 people, mostly Togo soccer fans.
    (AP, 6/4/07)(AP, 6/5/07)
2007        Jun 3, A suicide car bomber drove through a roadblock guarding the home of the Somali prime minister and rammed the vehicle into a wall. PM Ali Mohamed Gedi was whisked to safety, but at least five people were killed in the explosion.
    (AP, 6/3/07)
2007        Jun 3, Turkish troops shelled a border area in northern Iraq in an attack on Kurdish rebels based there.
    (AP, 6/3/07)
2007        Jun 3, Pope Benedict XVI named four new saints from France, Malta, the Netherlands and Poland at a ceremony in St. Peter's Square. Among those honored was Sister Marie Eugenie de Jesus Milleret, a French nun who in 1839 founded the Religious of the Assumption to educate young girls; the Rev. George Preca of Malta, who founded the Society of Christian Doctrine in 1932 as a group of lay people who teach the faith to others; the Rev. Szymon z Lipnicy of Poland, a Franciscan monk who comforted Poles afflicted by the plague that broke out in Krakow from 1482-83 and died of it himself; and the Rev. Charles of St. Andrew (Dublin), who was born Karel Van Sint Andries Houben in the Netherlands in 1821.
    (AP, 6/3/07)

2008        Jun 3, Barack Obama sealed the US Democratic presidential nomination. Hillary Clinton did not give up yet, but said she’d be interested in the No. 2 spot. Obama won the Montana primary, while Clinton won the South Dakota primary.
    (AP, 6/4/08)(SFC, 6/4/08, p.A1)(Econ, 6/7/08, p.35)
2008        Jun 3, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke said that US interest rates were "well positioned" for an economy facing both price pressures and threats to growth, but issued a rare warning on the inflation risks posed by a weak dollar.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Ohio Christopher Paul (44), pleaded guilty to planning terrorist attacks. He was accused of joining al-Qaida in the early 1990s and helping teach Muslim extremists how to bomb US and european targets.
    (http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5iVlFdiHopuka4A5g4J-eVGRq-BzgD912SEC80)
2008        Jun 3, A Denver, Colorado court fined Dow Chemical Co. and Boeing Co. a combined $926 million for property damages caused by plutonium contamination from a nuclear weapons plant. The initial trial had concluded in February 2006. Dow planned to appeal. The Rocky Flats plant was operated by Dow from 1953 to 1975, and then by defense contractor Rockwell until its closing in 1994; it supplied the plutonium triggers for the US nuclear bomb arsenal.
    (AFP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 3, SF voters (61%) approved Proposition G endorsing plans for a major housing and commercial development at the Hunters Point Shipyard and Candlestick Point. Voters also passed Proposition A, a $198 annual school parcel tax, which would expire in 2028.
    (SFC, 6/4/08, p.A1, B1)(SFC, 6/5/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 3, UAL Corp's United Airlines announced plans to slash jobs and flights, following a similar move by AMR Corp's American Airlines last month.
    (Reuters, 6/5/08)
2008        Jun 3, General Motors said it is closing four truck and SUV plants in the U.S., Canada and Mexico as surging fuel prices hasten a dramatic shift to smaller vehicles.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Afghanistan US General David McKiernan took over the 52,000-strong International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) at a ceremony in Kabul attended by President Hamid Karzai and a host of dignitaries. 2 Afghan security guards were killed when militants ambushed their convoy in the southern province of Zabul. In eastern Khost province unknown gunmen shot dead a district intelligence chief. A suicide car bomber targeting Canadian troops in Kandahar province killed one Afghan child. A Canadian officer was killed in Kandahar province when his foot patrol came under enemy fire. In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces killed more than a dozen insurgents.
    (AFP, 6/3/08)(Reuters, 6/4/08)(AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 3, Four Algerian Christians received suspended jail terms and fines for seeking to convert Muslims in the latest in a series of cases to have provoked accusations in the West of religious repression.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, Belize PM Dean Barrow declared a disaster area in southern Stann Creek Valley as flash flooding carried away houses and ripped a child from his father's grasp. Falling trees killed two people in Honduras, raising the death toll from Central America's twin tropical storms this week to at least nine.
    (AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 3, In France a Paris court convicted Brigitte Bardot of provoking discrimination and racial hatred for writing that Muslims are destroying France. She was fined $23,325.
    (SFC, 6/4/08, p.A4)
2008        Jun 3, Greece's first gay weddings were held when two couples, abetted by a sympathetic local mayor, defied the threat of criminal charges and the wrath of the Orthodox church to tie the knot on the tiny Aegean island of Tilos.
    (Reuters, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Iraq the US military captured two al-Qaida in Iraq bombing suspects and a Shiite militia leader in separate raids north and south of Baghdad. The bodies of at least 23 Iraqis were discovered in a shallow grave and a sewer shaft at separate sites near Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/3/08)(AP, 6/4/08)
2008        Jun 3, A Cabinet minister said Malaysia will remove price controls on gasoline and diesel, allowing stations to sell fuel at world market prices in an attempt to reduce the government's ballooning subsidy bill.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Mexico Claudio Conti (53) was reportedly kidnapped along Zicatela beach in Puerto Escondido, where he operated the Da Claudio restaurant and a hotel. On Feb 28, 2009, Mexican police said they had captured four men suspected of kidnapping the Italian businessman, and that one of the men told police the victim had been ordered killed, though it was not clear if the slaying was carried out.
    (AP, 3/1/09)
2008        Jun 3, The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) raised its lending rate (MPR) to 10.25 percent from 10 percent to tame high inflation triggered by rising global food prices.
    (AP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, The Good Friends, a Seoul-based humanitarian group, said that a highly contagious disease has sparked a health alert with an estimated five or six children dying every day since April 27 in North Korea’s city of Hoeryong. A doctor said hand-foot-mouth disease could be spreading from China, where it has killed several dozen children.
    (AFP, 6/3/08)
2008        Jun 3, In Sweden world chess star turned political activist Garry Kasparov told world news industry leaders that PM Vladimir Putin had assaulted press freedoms in Russia, and urged them to challenge Kremlin leaders over the issue.
    (AP, 6/4/08)

2009        Jun 3, President Barack Obama began his latest bid to open a dialogue with the Muslim world by paying a call on King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia. Pres. Obama spoke to King Abdullah about a host of thorny problems, from Arab-Israeli peace efforts to Iran's nuclear program.
    (AP, 6/3/09)
2009        Jun 3, New Hampshire became the sixth state to legalize gay marriage in a move that reflects the state's changing demographics from reliably Republican and conservative to younger and more liberal.
    (AP, 6/3/09)
2009        Jun 3, Osama bin Laden threatened Americans in a new audio tape, saying President Barack Obama inflamed hatred toward the US by ordering Pakistan to crack down on militants in Swat Valley and block Islamic law in the area.
    (AP, 6/3/09)
2009        Jun 3, David Bromige (75), London-born poet and former Sonoma State Univ. professor, died in Sebastopol, Ca. He was Sonoma County’s 2nd poet laureate (2001-2003).
    (SFC, 6/17/09, p.B4)
2009        Jun 3, Five Afghan private security guards escorting a supply convoy were killed in a suicide bombing near the southern border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/3/09)
2009        Jun 3, British Communities Secretary Hazel Blears announced she was resigning, the second British cabinet minister to resign, undermining PM Gordon Brown's authority and his future as leader of the increasingly out-of-favor Labor Party. Blears last month agreed to pay more than 13,000 pounds ($21,000) in tax on the sale of a property.
    (AP, 6/3/09)
2009        Jun 3, In China foreign journalists were barred from Beijing's Tiananmen Square as an Internet clampdown that blocked Twitter expanded to include more blogs on the eve of the 20th anniversary of a bloody crackdown on pro-democracy protests.
    (AP, 6/3/09)
2009        Jun 3, In central China a storm with gale-force winds killed 20 people and seriously injured 117 as it swept through Shangqiu and Kaifeng in Henan province.
    (AP, 6/4/09)
2009        Jun 3, The Organization of American States (OAS), meeting in Honduras, cleared the way for Cuba's possible return to the group by lifting a 1962 ban on the communist-run country, a move backed by Washington despite initial objections.
    (AP, 6/4/09)
2009        Jun 3, India's Parliament elected Meira Kumar (64) as its first-ever female speaker. Kumar is the daughter of a former deputy prime minister and an untouchable, a member of India's lowest caste.
    (AP, 6/3/09)
2009        Jun 3, Iranian nuclear scientist Shahram Amiri vanished during a pilgrimage to the Saudi kingdom. In October Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki said: "We hold Saudi Arabia responsible for Shahram Amiri's situation and consider the US to be involved in his arrest."
    (AP, 10/7/09)
2009        Jun 3, Israel dismantled a military checkpoint that had significantly impeded Palestinian travel in the West Bank in an apparent goodwill gesture a day before President Barack Obama's much-anticipated address to the Muslim and Arab world.
    (AP, 6/3/09)
2009        Jun 3, A court in Laos found Samantha Orobator (20), a pregnant British woman, guilty of trafficking heroin and sentenced her to life in prison. Under a pact signed last month by Laos and Britain that still needs ratification, Orobator could be extradited to serve her time in Britain. On Aug 6 Orobator returned to Britain to serve the remainder of her sentence, just weeks before she was due to give birth.
    (AP, 6/3/09)(AP, 8/6/09)
2009        Jun 3, Mexican federal investigators questioned 48 Veracruz city traffic officers about the disappearance of the top customs official for one of Mexico's most important ports. Customs administrator Francisco Serrano has not been seen since his smashed government vehicle was found abandoned at an accident scene three days ago. Serrano recently launched a new system to check shipping containers at the Gulf coast port.
    (AP, 6/4/09)
2009        Jun 3, Moldovan lawmakers failed for a second time to elect a president, meaning the Parliament elected in April will be dissolved and a new election will be held this summer.
    (AP, 6/3/09)
2009        Jun 3, Moroccan customs officers seized 19.5 tons of cannabis resin worth about 17.3 million euros (24.5 million dollars) at the northern port of Nadir. The drugs were concealed in a lorry transporting frozen octopus from a seafood processing plant in the southern town of Agadir and the Italian driver and his Spanish companion were arrested.
    (AFP, 6/4/09)

2010        Jun 3, BP sliced off a pipe with giant shears in the latest bid to curtail the worst spill in US history, but the cut was jagged and placing a cap over the gusher will now be more challenging. BP's top executive acknowledged the global oil giant was unprepared to fight a catastrophic deepwater oil spill as engineers were forced yet again to reconfigure plans for executing their latest gambit to control the Gulf of Mexico gusher. Robots a mile beneath the Gulf positioned a cap over the main pipe on the leaking well Thursday night and an inverted funnel-like system, wrapped in hoses and more sophisticated than previous devices, started pumping oil and gas to a tanker on the surface. A very rough estimate of current collection was estimated at about 42,000 gallons a day. An estimated 500,000 to 1 million gallons of crude was believed to be leaking daily. The federal government slapped BP with a $69 million bill to cover initial costs of responding to the oil spill.
    (AP, 6/3/10)(AP, 6/4/10)(AP, 6/4/10)
2010        Jun 3, Former Massachusetts state Sen. Dianne Wilkerson pleaded guilty to 8 counts of attempted extortion. The Boston Democrat had been captured on video stuffing bribe money into her sweater and bra.
    (SFC, 6/4/10, p.A6)
2010        Jun 3, A federal jury in Minneapolis found vendors Russell and Abby Cole guilty of using an online auction to defraud Best Buy of $41.6 million between 2003-2007. The vendors had the help of Robert Bossany, a Best Buy employee.
    (SFC, 6/14/10, p.E3)
2010        Jun 3, NYC agreed to pay $9.9 million to Barry Gibbs, an innocent man who spent 19 years behind bars after being framed by a police dept. detective who had doubled as a killer for the mob.
    (SFC, 6/4/10, p.A6)
2010        Jun 3, In Ohio Hor Akl and his wife Amera Akl were taken into custody in Toledo for conspiring to provide thousands of dollars to Hezbollah.
    (SFC, 6/4/10, p.A6)
2010        Jun 3, This year’s Kavli Prizes were announced. 8 winners were awarded in 3 categories including neuroscience, astrophysics and nanoscience.
    (www.kavlifoundation.org/2010-kavli-prizes)(SFC, 6/9/10, p.C4)
2010        Jun 3, In Azerbaijan journalist Eynulla Fatullayev, jailed since 2007, went on a hunger strike demanding his release after Europe's top human rights court in April ruled that his imprisonment was illegal.
    (Reuters, 6/3/10)
2010        Jun 3, In Bangladesh an illegal chemical warehouse fuelled a toxic blaze that ripped through one of Dhaka's most densely populated areas, killing at least 117 people.
    (AP, 6/4/10)
2010        Jun 3, Roz Savage (42), a British environmentalist, became the first woman to row solo across the Pacific Ocean as she landed in Madang, Papua New guinea. She covered nearly 7,000 miles in three separate legs beginning May 25, 2008, when she departed from San Francisco.
    (SFC, 6/4/10, p.C3)(AP, 6/5/10)
2010        Jun 3, In Brussels, Belgium, a lone gunman, an Iranian refugee (47), rose near the end of a court session and gunned down Judge Isabelle Brandon and her clerk Andre Bellemans, then fled from the courthouse on foot. The suspect was caught eight hours later in a park a mile (1.5 km) away after a brief exchange of gunfire with police. The slain magistrate had ordered his eviction in 2007 from a house after a rent dispute.
    (AP, 6/3/10)(AP, 6/4/10)
2010        Jun 3, Britain's financial regulator said it had slapped a record £33.32 million fine on a unit of US banking giant JP Morgan for having failed to properly protect client money over a period of seven years.
    (AFP, 6/3/10)
2010        Jun 3, Cuba urged people to save water amid what it is calling a "critical" and "tense" drought that has left reservoirs at 40 percent capacity.
    (AP, 6/3/10)
2010        Jun 3, The European Commission announced it has sent a final warning to Britain over its failure to comply with EU air quality rules, due to the levels of dangerous airborne particles in London and Gibraltar.
    (AFP, 6/3/10)
2010        Jun 3, Israel rejected calls from the UN and others for an international investigation of its deadly raid on a Gaza-bound aid flotilla but left the door open to foreign involvement. The Foreign Press Association demanded that Israel’s military stop using the captured material without permission and identify the source of the video already released. The material appeared Wednesday on the army's YouTube site labeled as "captured."
    (AP, 6/3/10)
2010        Jun 3, Nigeria's parliament approved a constitutional amendment on transferring presidential powers, aimed at avoiding a repeat of a crisis when the late President Umaru Yar'Adua fell seriously ill last year.
    (Reuters, 6/3/10)
2010        Jun 3, In Russia a male crew of three Russians, a Frenchman, an Italian-Colombian and a Chinese began a 520-day experiment in a windowless capsule, to simulate a 250-day journey to Mars, a 30-day surface exploration phase and 240 days return trip.
    (AP, 6/2/10)
2010        Jun 3, In Geneva WHO Director-General Margaret Chan said swine flu is still a pandemic, even though the most activity appears to have passed. Last week WHO confirmed 18,114 deaths from swine flu worldwide since that start of the outbreak in April, 2009.
    (SFC, 6/4/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 3, In Somalia at least 17 civilians were killed during heavy shelling and fierce gunbattles between government forces and Islamist insurgents in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 6/3/10)
2010        Jun 3, Suriname's former dictator and the man who led a rebel army against his military regime agreed to form a coalition government, uniting two adversaries with little in common beyond matching drug-trafficking convictions in the Netherlands.
    (AP, 6/3/10)
2010        Jun 3, In Turkey Luigi Padovese, the pope's apostolic vicar in Anatolia, was stabbed to death in his home in the Mediterranean port of Iskenderun. Police detained suspect Murat A, the bishop's driver who worked for him for the past four and a half years.
    (AP, 6/3/10)
2010        Jun 3, Ukraine's Parliament, prodded by pro-Russia President Viktor Yanukovych, approved a bill that cements the country's neutrality and prevents it from joining NATO.
    (AP, 6/3/10)

2011        Jun 3, The US Treasury reached an agreement to sell the rest of its holdings in Chrysler to Italy’s Fiat.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.77)
2011        Jun 3, Former North Carolina US Senator John Edwards (57) was charged with using $925,000 in under-the-table campaign contributions to hide his pregnant mistress during 2008 run for president.
    (SFC, 6/4/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 3, In New Jersey Abdiah Jones (11), on a school trip to the popular shore resort at Wildwood, plunged to her death as she was riding on an amusement park Ferris wheel.
    (Reuters, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, Actor James Arness (88) died at his home in Los Angeles. He played in some 50 films and TV movies and starred as Marshal Mat Dillon in the TV series “Gunsmoke," one of televisions longest running series.
    (SFC, 6/4/11, p.A4)
2011                Jun 3, Singer-songwriter Andrew Gold (“Lonely Boy," “Thank You For Being A Friend") died of cancer, at age 59.
             (LAT, 6/6/11, Obit)(http://tinyurl.com/3ve3y46)
2011        Jun 3, Jack Kevorkian (83), crusader for legalizing physician-assisted suicide, died at a hospital in Royal Oak, Michigan.
    (SFC, 6/4/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 3, In southern Afghanistan two coalition service members were killed in separate insurgent attacks. An Italian paramilitary Carabinieri was killed in northeastern Panjsher province. Lt. Col. Cristiano Congiu, a member of the anti-drug and security squad at the Italian embassy, was involved in an altercation on a narrow village street. He allegedly fired his pistol and wounded a youth, aged 18 or 19. Villagers then fired their own weapons and killed Congiu.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 3, Bahraini police fired tear gas and rubber bullets at protesters marching toward the landmark Pearl Square in Manama, two days after authorities lifted emergency rule.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Burkina Faso at least seven people, including a 14-year-old girl, were killed during a mutiny by soldiers in Bobo-Dioulasso, the country’s second-largest city. 57 soldiers were arrested and faced court for “rebellion and stealing goods."
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Canada picket lines went at Canada Post mail processing plant in Winnipeg as part of a limited rotating strike around the country.
    (Reuters, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, A global maritime watchdog warned ships traversing the South China Sea bordering Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore following the hijack of three tugboats and a barge in recent weeks.
    (AFP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Iraq a suicide bomber detonated explosives at a Sunni mosque during Friday prayers, killing 16 people, including a police commander and a judge in Tikrit. Victims were taken to a hospital. Another suicide bomber walked into the hospital and blew himself up near the emergency room, where family members had gathered, killing 5 more people.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Israel billionaire Sammy Ofer (89) died after a long illness. Along with his brother, Ofer owned one of the world's biggest container shipping companies. Ofer's name was recently in the news after the US government sanctioned one of his companies for doing business with Iran's national shipping company.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Jordan pro-reform activists took to the streets, stepping up their calls for PM Marouf al-Bakhit to resign because they say he has failed to fight corruption.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Libya a series of at least 10 NATO strikes hit in and around Tripoli, targeting military barracks close to Gadhafi's sprawling compound, a police station and a military base. A rebel military leader said his troops had broken the siege of two towns in the western Nafusa mountain range, Yefren and Shakshuk. The Chinese Foreign Ministry said that China's ambassador to Qatar had recently met with the head of Libya's rebel council.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, Mexico’s federal Attorney General's Office said authorities in the Pacific port of Manzanillo seized 69 tons (63 metric tons) of two chemicals used to make synthetic drugs. 34 tons of monomethylamine arrived May 6 on one ship and the other ship carrying 35 tons of ethyl phenyl acetate arrived April 10. Both ships were from Shanghai, China.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 2, In Mexico the Global Commission of Drug Policy called for the decriminalization of all drug taking.
    (Econ, 6/4/11, p.70)
2011        Jun 3, North Korea vowed to launch "retaliatory military actions" against South Korea, a threat that came days after Seoul said its military had used photos of Pyongyang's ruling family for target practice.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, Pakistani helicopters and artillery forced back militants who crossed over from Afghanistan this week and triggered battles that have killed scores of people. The government demanded that NATO and Afghan troops do more to control insurgents on their side of the long, porous border. Mohammad Ilyas Kashmiri, a senior al Qaeda figure, was reportedly killed by a US drone following a tipoff from local intelligence. Mohammad Ilyas Kashmiri, a senior al Qaeda figure, was reportedly killed by a US drone following a tipoff from local intelligence.
    (AP, 6/3/11)(Reuters, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Russia fire tore through an ammunition depot in the central region of Udmurtia, causing shells to explode all day. More than 28,000 people were evacuated from their homes. Interfax news said that 106 of the arsenal's 152 buildings were destroyed.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, The UN Security Council demanded that Sudan withdraw troops from Abyei and stop looting and attacks in the region disputed with rival southern Sudan.
    (AP, 6/4/11)
2011        Jun 3, Syrian security forces opened fire in Hama during one of the largest anti-government protests so far in the 10-week revolt, killing at least 70 people.
    (AP, 6/3/11)(AP, 6/4/11)(SFC, 6/5/11, p.A4)(Econ, 6/11/11, p.53)
2011        Jun 3, In Tanzania former Black Panther Party leader Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt (63), died. Pratt was convicted in 1972 of being one of two men who robbed and fatally shot schoolteacher Caroline Olsen on a Santa Monica tennis court in December 1968. The conviction was overturned after he spent 27 years in prison for a crime he maintained he did not commit.
    (AP, 6/3/11)
2011        Jun 3, In Yemen shells struck Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh's palace in Sanaa. President Ali Abdullah Saleh was wounded. 11 guards were killed and seven top officials were also wounded. More than 370 people have been killed, at least 155 of them in the last 10 days, since a popular uprising against Saleh began in January.
    (Reuters, 6/3/11)(AP, 6/3/11)(SFC, 6/9/11, p.A4)

2012        Jun 3, New Mexico’s Gila Wilderness has scorched 377 square miles. The Whitewater-Baldy Complex was still only 17% contained.
    (SFC, 6/4/12, p.A6)
2012        Jun 3, In Ohio a car crash killed 3 students including the drive who was to graduate later in the day. A 4th student about to graduate, died soon after of injuries suffered in the crash. A fifth student was injured.
    (AP, 6/4/12)
2012        Jun 3, In Utah nearly 300 Mormons marched in a gay pride parade in Salt Lake City, holding signs that read "God Loves His Children" in a unique display of support from believers of a religious tradition that has long opposed homosexuality.
    (Reuters, 6/3/12)
2012        Jun 3, A Lockheed P2V aerial firefighter crashed in Utah killing 2 pilots. Another P2V, fighting a wildfire south of Reno, crash-landed at Minden-Tahoe Airport.
    (SFC, 6/4/12, p.A8)
2012        Jun 3, In Afghanistan British forces recovered a kidnapped policeman, but one of their soldiers was killed and another wounded in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/4/12)
2012        Jun 3, In Cambodia PM Hun Sen's ruling party won local elections in a vote that monitors said was tainted by vote buying and other irregularities.
    (AP, 6/3/12)
2012        Jun 3, In China police beat and detained political activists marking the 23rd anniversary of the brutal crackdown on the Tiananmen Square democracy protests. Officers used violence against activists in the southeast province of Fujian and detained them. A day earlier over 30 people who came to Beijing "to petition" were held and forced to return to their home province.
    (AFP, 6/3/12)
2012        Jun 3, In Egypt hundreds of people occupied Cairo's Tahrir Square after a night of rage against what they feel are lenient sentences given to ousted dictator Hosni Mubarak and his security chiefs.
    (AFP, 6/3/12)
2012        Jun 3, Japanese police arrested Naoko Kikuchi (40), a former member of the Aum Shinrikyo cult that released the nerve gas sarin in Tokyo's subways in 1995, killing 13 people and injuring more than 6,000.
    (AP, 6/4/12)
2012        Jun 3, In India anticorruption campaigners Baba Ramdev and Anna Hazare drew thousands of supporters in New Delhi to press the government to act against graft and bring back billions of dollars stashed overseas.
    (SFC, 6/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 3, In northern Mexico gunmen opened fire inside a drug rehab center killing 11 men in Torreon.
    (SFC, 6/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 3, In northwestern Myanmar 10 Muslims were beaten to death in Rakhine state.
    (SFC, 6/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 3, In Nigeria a suicide bomber attacked a church in northeastern Bauchi state, causing the building to collapse on the worshippers inside killing at least 15 people and wounding dozens more. The next day Boko Haram claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 6/3/12)(AFP, 6/4/12)
2012        Jun 3, In Nigeria a Dana Air Boeing MD-83 smashed into businesses and crowded apartment buildings near Lagos' Murtala Muhammed Int’l. Airport killing all 153 aboard, the country’s worst air disaster in nearly two decades. At least 6 more people perished on the ground. A probe into the crash traced the cause to the loss of two engines and non-functionality of the throttles on final descent from Abuja to Lagos.
    (AP, 6/4/12)(AFP, 6/5/12)(AFP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jun 3, In Pakistan US drone strikes targeting a militant compound in the northwestern tribal area killed 10 suspected militants. The dead included militant commander Malang Jan, an associate of warlord Maulvi Nazir, who sends fighters to Afghanistan to support the Taliban.
    (AFP, 6/3/12)(SFC, 6/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 3, In Pakistan a bus carrying a wedding party in Kahuta plunged into a ditch in the country's north, killing 25 people.
    (AFP, 6/4/12)
2012        Jun 3, In Serbia a man blew up the entrance to a packed nightclub with a hand grenade after he was refused entrance, killing himself and 2 others in Idvor.
    (SFC, 6/4/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 3, The Sudanese army said at least 45 rebels have been killed in Sudan's North Darfur after they attacked the military. Clashes began after rebels from the Justice and Equality Movement attacked Fataha, a village in North Darfur, looted the market and killed an unspecified number of villagers.
    (AP, 6/3/12)
2012        Jun 3, Syrian President Bashar Assad denied that his government had anything to do with last week's gruesome Houla massacre, saying not even "monsters" would carry out such an ugly crime.
    (AP, 6/3/12)

2013        Jun 3, The US Supreme Court ruled in a 5-4 decision that police may take a DNA swab from people arrested for crimes without first getting a warrant to do so.
    (AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 3, The California Coastal Commission and Sean Parker said they have reached a $2.5 million settlement to pay for coastal conservation programs after the Napster co-founder built a large movie-set-like wedding site in an ecologically sensitive area of Big Sur without proper permits.
    (AP, 6/4/13)
2013        Jun 3, New Jersey Sen. Frank Lautenberg (b.1924) died. First elected in 1982 he helped establish the national drinking age of 21 and led a successful fight to ban smoking on all commercial airline flights.
    (SFC, 6/4/13, p.A5)
2013        Jun 3, Sulejman Mujagic (50), arrested las November in Utica, NY, was extradited to Bosnia-Herzegovina to be tried for alleged war crimes committed in 1995.
    (SFC, 6/4/13, p.A4)
2013        Jun 3, Jasper, Texas, a town with a history of racial unrest on fired two white police officers recently captured on video slamming a black woman’s head into a countertop and wrestling her to the ground.
    (Lookout, 6/4/13)
2013        Jun 3, In Afghanistan a buried bomb killed 7 people in the eastern province of Laghman. A suicide bomber targeting American troops in Paktia province killed 9 Afghan children who were walking home from school nearby, as well as two Americans and an Afghan police officer.
    (AP, 6/4/13)
2013        Jun 3, It was reported that coffee leaf rust has devastated coffee plantations across Central America and knocked half a million people out of work. Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras were all severely impacted.
    (SFC, 6/4/13, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/alqvfoc)
2013        Jun 3, The Enough Project, the Satellite Sentinel Project and two other groups said in a new report that members of Joseph Kony’s LRA have turned to elephant poaching in CongoDRC and the CAR and that the militia trades illegal ivory to acquire food and other supplies. The report also said elephants of Garamba National Park also are being targeted by "members of the armed forces of (Congo), South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda," citing the concerns of park rangers there.
    (AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 3, In northeastern China a fire raged through a poultry plant in Jilin province's Mishazi township, trapping workers inside a cluttered slaughterhouse and killing 121 people. On Dec 26, 2014, two fire chiefs and two poultry farm bosses were convicted and sentenced to prison terms of up to nine years.
    (AP, 6/3/13)(AP, 12/27/14)
2013        Jun 3, An Egyptian court official said five foreigners have been sentenced to death after being convinced of drug smuggling. They included a Briton, a Pakistani, and 3 individuals from the Republic of Seychelles.
    (AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 3, In Greece 3 firebombs exploded at different locations in central Athens, with one wounding a woman as she emerged from her apartment.
    (AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 3, Haiti brought in mining experts from around the world in hopes of developing precious metals in one of the world's poorest countries. Testing has indicated that gold, copper and silver in the country's northeastern mountains could be worth $20 billion.
    (AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 3, Indonesia's government said it has ordered that production be halted at a gold and copper mine owned by Arizona-based Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc., during an investigation into recent fatal accidents at the Grasberg mine in easternmost Papua province.
    (AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 3, Jordan said it has blocked 304 unlicensed national news websites in a step toward regulating online media widely criticized by the government and readers for sensational reporting.
    (AP, 6/4/13)
2013        Jun 3, In southern Libya a personal feud sparked clashes between tribes of African and Arab origins, leaving five people dead.
    (AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 3, In Pakistan attackers in the northwestern town of Hangu shot and killed Farid Khan, a newly elected provincial lawmaker.
    (AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 3, In South Africa at least two people were shot, one fatally, in ongoing union rivalry at the troubled Lonmin platinum mine.
    (AP, 6/3/13)
2013        Jun 3, In Syria heavy shelling pounded Qusair killing at least 3 civilians.
    (SFC, 6/4/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 3, Turkey's Pres. Abdullah Gul  defended the right of citizens to protest, in contrast to the dismissive stance of PM Erdogan, as police used tear gas for a fourth day in an attempt to disperse demonstrations that grew out of a sit-in to prevent the uprooting of trees at Istanbul's main square. A 20-year-old man died in a hospital in Istanbul from injuries after a vehicle slammed into a crowd of protesters a day earlier. By now most of Turkey’s 81 provinces had seen protests.
    (AP, 6/3/13)(Econ, 6/8/13, p.25)           
2013        Jun 3, At the UN more than 60 countries signed a landmark treaty regulating global arms trade. The US said it will sign soon.
    (SFC, 6/4/13, p.A2)

2014        Jun 3, Pres. Obama said the United States is preparing to boost its military presence in Europe and at a cost of up to $1 billion. The announcement in Poland came at the start of a three-country swing through Europe steeped in both historical significance and regional anxiety over the crisis in Ukraine.
    (AP, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, San Francisco voters approved Proposition B requiring voter approval for any new building on Port of San Francisco property to exceed existing height limits.
    (SFC, 6/4/14, p.A1)
2014        Jun 3, In San Francisco half of the city’s 538 Muni transit workers called in sick on the 2nd day of public transit disruptions due to an impasse in contract negotiations. Scheduled buses and rail cars on duty climbed to 300 out of 600.
    (SFC, 6/4/14, p.A1)(SFC, 6/5/14, p.A1)(SFC, 6/6/14, p.D7)
2014        Jun 3, In San Jose, Ca., police found more than 12 pounds of marijuana in a storage locker along with grow lights. The space was rented by police officer Son Vu. On April 23 Vu (44) was arrested on charges of possession and intent to sell.
    (SFC, 4/25/15, p.C2)
2014        Jun 3, In North Carolina Patrick Cannon, the mayor of Charlotte, pleaded guilty to one count of honest services wire fraud as he admitted his guilt in accepting thousands of dollars in cash and airline tickets. From undercover federal agents posing as businessmen.
    (SFC, 6/4/14, p.A6)
2014        Jun 3, Four Afghan police officers were killed and one was wounded when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/4/14)
2014        Jun 3, British police arrested Altaf Hussain (60), one of Pakistan's most well-known and divisive politicians, on suspicion of money-laundering, sparking fears of violence in his power base of Karachi where businesses closed early and residents rushed home. Hussain, the leader of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), has lived in self-imposed exile in Britain since 1992. Hussain was released on bail on June 7.
    (AP, 6/3/14)(AP, 6/7/14)
2014        Jun 3, China showed off its first high-speed rail link to the restive region of Xinjiang, promising that it could guarantee the security of an important economic project despite a recent serious escalation in violence.
    (Reuters, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, In Egypt sexual assaults on women took place during public celebrations of Pres. El-Sisi’s victory. On Aug 7 a court sentenced two men to life in prison and a 3rd to 20 years on charges that included kidnapping, attempted rape, torture and attempted murder.
    (SFC, 8/8/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 3, The European Union told Bulgaria to suspend preparatory work on the Russian gas pipeline South Stream, which will bypass Ukraine to bring supplies into the heart of Europe. The EU said that work on the line should not proceed until the Bulgarian government gives clear answers on antitrust concerns over ownership.
    (AP, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, Finnish police officers found the bodies of 5 dead babies in packages in a basement cupboard of an apartment building in the western city of Oulu after they were alerted to the scene by emergency services. A woman (35) was arrested on suspicion of manslaughter.
    (AP, 6/4/14)
2014        Jun 3, India's minister for rural development, Gopinath Munde (64), died after a road collision in New Delhi. Newly elected PM Modi had entrusted to Munde the crucial task of spearheading a battle on poverty in the countryside.
    (Reuters, 6/3/14)   
2014        Jun 3, In Indonesia a building under construction collapsed on the island of Borneo, killing two workers and burying at least 13 others in Samarinda, the provincial capital of East Kalimantan.
    (AP, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, In Iraq government shelling of Fallujah killed 18 people and wounded another 43.
    (AFP, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, Israeli troops shot dead Alaa Odeh (30), a Palestinian who the military said had opened fire and wounded a soldier at a checkpoint in the occupied West Bank. Odeh's family was quoted as saying in media reports that he was at the checkpoint awaiting a delivery of phones.
    (Reuters, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, Libya’s newly elected PM Ahmed Maiteg took office as the interim premier Abdullah Al-Thinni vowed not to hand over power.
    (SFC, 6/4/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 3, Nigerian media said ten generals and five other senior military officers have been found guilty in courts-martial of providing arms and information to Boko Haram extremists.
    (AP, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, In northeastern Nigeria Boko Haram militants dressed as soldiers slaughtered at least 200 civilians in three villages and the military failed to intervene even though it was warned that an attack was imminent. The killings occurred in Danjara, Agapalwa, and Antagara, Borno state.
    (AP, 6/5/14)
2014        Jun 3, A Pakistani air force fighter jet crashed in Karachi after a technical fault, killing 2 pilots and a civilian on the ground.
    (AP, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, Qatar said it has moved five Afghan Taliban prisoners freed in exchange for a US soldier to a residential compound and will let them move freely in the country.
    (Reuters, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, In Sierra Leone the death toll from an Ebola outbreak rose to at least five victims. The Ebola disease has had a 70 percent fatality rate during the first crisis of its kind in West Africa.
    (AP, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, In Sri Lanka at least 22 people were reported killed from two days of floods and mudslides triggered by unusually heavy monsoon rains.
    (AP, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, In Syria tens of thousands pledged renewed allegiance to President Bashar Assad as they voted in a presidential election that excluded a vast swath of the pre-war population and was decried by the opposition as a charade. Assad won 88.7% of the vote.
    (AP, 6/3/14)(SFC, 6/5/14, p.A7)
2014        Jun 3, Thailand's military rulers said they are monitoring a new form of silent resistance to the coup, a three-fingered salute borrowed from "The Hunger Games," and will arrest those in large groups who ignore warnings to lower their arms. The junta lifted the military's curfew at three popular beach resorts — Phuket, Koh Samui and Pattaya — to ease the impact of the May 22 coup on tourists.
    (AP, 6/3/14)
2014        Jun 3, In eastern Ukraine fighting raged for the second straight day as the army rolled out an offensive against pro-Russia separatists holding the city of Slaviansk and claimed to have inflicted losses on the rebels. 2 government soldiers were killed and 42 injured in daylong fighting.
    (Reuters, 6/3/14)(AP, 6/4/14)

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