Today in History - June 8

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65CE        Jun 8, Jews revolted against Rome, capturing the fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

452        Jun 8, Italy was invaded by Attila the Hun.
    (HN, 6/8/98)

632        Jun 8, Mohammed, the founder of Islam and unifier of Arabia, died. Iqra, which means read in Arabic, was reportedly the first word that the archangel Gabriel spoke to Mohammed. His companions compiled his words and deeds in a work called the Sunna. Here are contained the rules for Islam. The most basic are The Five Pillars of Islam. These are: 1) profession of faith 2) daily prayer 3) giving alms 4) ritual fast during Ramadan 5) Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca. The Sunna also calls for “jihad." The term means struggle, i.e. to do one’s best to resist temptation and overcome evil. Four contenders stood out to succeed Mohammad. They were Abu Bakr, his trusted father-in-law. Umar and Uthman, long-time friends and advisers, and Ali, a cousin and blood relative. Ali was Mohammad’s son-in-law and the father of Mohammad’s grandsons. Abu Bakr was chosen as caliph i.e. successor. In 2001 Minou Reeves, Iranian-born scholar, authored “Muhammad in Europe: A Thousand Years of Western Myth-Making." In 2013 Lesley Hazleton authored “The First Muslim: The Story of Muhammad."
    (ATC, p.60,63)(SFC, 12/15/98, p.A7)(AP, 6/8/03)(SFC, 10/22/98, p.C5)(WSJ, 12/12/01, p.A15)(SSFC, 1/27/13, p.F1)

793        Jun 8, Vikings raided the Northumbrian coast in England. Corfe served as a center of West Saxon resistance to Viking invaders. Vikings plundered the monastery and St. Cuthbert convent at Lindsfarne
    (HN, 6/8/98)(AM, 7/00, p.64)(MC, 6/8/02)

1376            Jun 8, Edward (b.1330), the "Black Prince" of Wales, son of King Edward III of England and Queen Philippa of Hainault, died at Westminster Palace, Middlesex.
    (www.britannia.com/bios/royals/blckprnc.html)

1625        Jun 8, Giovanni Domenico Cassini, discoverer of four satellites of Saturn, was born in Perinaldo, Italy. Gian Domenico Cassini was an astrologer and then became an astronomer and was known in France as Jean-Dominique Cassini. At the Paris observatory he discovered the wide gap in the rings of Saturn now called the Cassini division, as well as four of the planet’s moons.
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, Z1 p.4)(HN, 6/8/98)(SFCM, 3/17/02, p.29)

1671        Jun 8, Tomaso Albinoni, Italian composer (Adagio in G-minor), was born.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1675        Jun 8, Three Wampanoag Indians were hanged in Plymouth, Massachusetts. On the testimony of a Native American witness, Plymouth Colony arrested three Wampanoags, including a counselor to Metacom, a Pokanoket sachem. A jury among whom were some Indian members convicted them of the recent murder of John Sassamon, an advisor to Metacom.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Philip%27s_War)

1724        Jun 8, John Smeaton, English engineer, was born.
    (HN, 6/8/01)

1743        Jun 8, Alessandro Cagliostro, adventurer, was born in Palermo, Italy.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1708        Jun 8, The Spanish galleon San Jose was trying to outrun a fleet of British warships off Colombia's coast, when a mysterious explosion sent it to the bottom of the sea with gold, silver, emeralds and 600 men. 14 men survived. In 1979 Sea Search signed a deal with Colombia giving Sea Search exclusive rights to search for the San Jose and 50 percent of whatever they find. In 1982 Sea Search announced to the world it had found the San Jose's resting place 700 feet below the water's surface, a few miles from the historic Caribbean port of Cartagena. In 1984 Colombian President Belisario Betancur signed a decree reducing Sea Search's share from 50% to a 5% "finder's fee." By 2007 the treasure was valued at more than $2 billion. In July, 2007, Colombia’s highest court ruled that the ship must first be recovered before an international dispute over the fortune can be settled. In 2007 Carla Rahn Phillips authored “The Treasure of San Jose: Death at Sea in the War of the Spanish Succession."
    (AP, 6/3/07)(AP, 7/6/07)(WSJ, 1/31/07, p.D6)

1783        Jun 8, In Iceland the Lakagicar volcano began erupting. Over the next 6 months it built a lava dam 40 miles long and 540 feet high in a month. The Laki volcano wiped out 75% of the crops, which led to a severe famine that killed some 10,000 people, 20% of the population, reducing the population to some 40,000 people. This was described by Haraldur Sigurdson in an article titled Volcanic Pollution and Climate: Eos 63, Aug. 10, 1982. The Laki eruption sent poisonous gases across Europe. In 2014 Alexandra Witze and Jeff Kanipe authored “Island on Fire: The Extraordinary Story of Laki: the Volcano that Turned Eighteenth-Century Europe Dark."
    (NH, 9/97, p.38)(SFEC, 9/19/99, p.A18)(AM, 7/00, p.40)(ON, 2/04, p.9)(Econ, 12/22/07, p.132)(Econ, 4/24/10, p.62)(Econ, 5/29/10, p.85)(Econ, 7/19/14,p.71)
1783        Jun 8-1784 Feb, A series of 10 eruptions from the Laki Craters on Iceland changed atmospheric conditions in most of the Northern Hemisphere. This also generated a cascade of events that led to record low levels of water in the Nile River and brought famine to the region.
    (http://tinyurl.com/y9xemq)

1794        Jun 8, Maximilian Robespierre, French Revolutionary leader, worried about the influence of French atheists and philosophers, staged the "Festival of the Supreme Being" in Paris.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1795        Jun 8, In France the Dauphin (Louis XVII), son and sole survivor of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, died at age 10 after succumbing to tuberculosis in the Temple prison. His heart was cut from his body when he died in prison, pickled, stolen, returned, and DNA-tested two centuries later. In 2002 Deborah Cadbury authored "The Lost King of France."
    (SFC, 4/20/00, p.A14)(WSJ, 10/18/02, p.W9)(AP, 6/3/04)

1809        Jun 8, Thomas Paine (b.1737), British born political essayist, died in poverty and obscurity in NYC at age 72. His revolutionary essays included “Common Sense" (1776), "The Rights of Man" (1991/1792) and "The Age of Reason" (1794-1796), which he started while imprisoned in France. His body was exhumed in 1819 by William Cobbett, shipped to England, and kept in an attic trunk till Cobbett died in 1835. Parts of his skeleton were later said to be sold at auction. In 2006 Craig Nelson authored “Thomas Paine" and Harvey J. Kaye authored “Thomas Paine and the Promise of America."
    (HNQ, 9/21/99)(SSFC, 4/1/01, p.A7)(WSJ, 9/22/06, p.W4)(www.ushistory.org/Paine/index.htm)

1810        Jun 8, Robert Schumann (d.1856), German composer, was born in Zwickau, Germany.
    (BLW, Geiringer, 1963 ed. p.49)(HN, 6/8/01)

1813        Jun 8, David D. Porter, Union Admiral, was born.
    (HN, 6/8/98)

1815        Jun 8, The Congress of Vienna ended. Negotiations had begun in 1812 to rearrange Europe following the defeat of Napoleon. The final conclave began Nov 1, 1814. In 2007 Adam Zamoyski authored “Rites of Peace: The Fall of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna."
    (www.victorianweb.org/history/forpol/vienna.html)(WSJ, 8/1/07, p.D7)

1824        Jun 8, A washing machine was patented by Noah Cushing of Quebec.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1829        Jun 8, John Everett Millais, painter (Order of Release), was born in England.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1845        Jun 8, Andrew Jackson, 7th president of the US, died in Nashville, Tenn. His health had deteriorated over the last 30 years and in 1999 scientists cited lead poisoning from an 1813 wound as the primary cause of his health problems. In 1945 Arthur Schlesinger Jr. authored “The Age of Jackson," for which he won a Pulitzer Prize. Dr. Robert Remini later authored a 3-volume biography. In 2005 H.W. Brands authored “Andrew Jackson: A Life and Times." In 2008 Jon Meacham authored “American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the white House."
    (AP, 6/8/97)(SFC, 8/11/99, p.A2)(SSFC, 10/30/05, p.M3)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.85)(SSFC, 12/7/08, Books p.1)

1861        Jun 8, Tennessee voted to secede from the Union and joined the Confederacy. [see May 6]
    (AP, 6/8/97)(HN, 6/8/98)

1862        Jun 8, The Army of the Potomac defeated the Confederates at the Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia, during the Peninsula Campaign.
    (HN, 6/8/98)

1863        Jun 8, Residents of Vicksburg, Miss., fled into caves as Grant’s army began shelling the town.
    (HN, 6/8/98)

1864        Jun 8, Abraham Lincoln was nominated for another term as president during the National Union (Republican) Party's convention in Baltimore.
    (AP, 6/8/07)

1866        Jun 8, Prussia annexed the region of Holstein.
    (HN, 6/8/98)

1867        Jun 8, Frank Lloyd Wright, American master architect and builder, was born. He created "organic architecture" which included the Guggenheim Museum in New York and the Robie House in Pennsylvania. [see Jun 8, 1869]
    (CFA, '96, p.48)(HN, 6/8/99)

1869        Jun 8, Lloyd Wright (d.1959), American architect. He designed Taliesin West near Scottsdale, Arizona on 600 acres in the foothills of the McDowell Mountains. He also designed the beehive building of the Guggenheim Museum on 5th Ave in NYC. "Give me the luxuries of life and I will willingly do without the necessities." [see Jun 8,1867]
    (WUD, 1994, p.1647)(AAM, 3/96, p.43)(WSJ, 6/14/96, p.A7)
1869        Jun 8, Ives W. McGaffey of Chicago patented the 1st vacuum cleaner.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1874            Jun 8, Cochise (b.~1810), Chiricahua Apache war chief (his name meant “his nose") and leader of the Chokonen band, died on a reservation in the Dragoon Mountains in southeastern Arizona.
    (http://tinyurl.com/aqhkr)

1876        Jun 8, French author George Sand (b.1804 as Lucile Aurore Dupin Dudevant) died in Nohant, France. In 1975 Curtis Cate published the biography: "George Sand." French author. In 1993 Francis Steegmuller and Barbara Bray published their translation of correspondence between Flaubert and Sand. In 2000 Belinda Jack authored "George Sand: A Woman’s Life Writ Large." "I would rather believe that God did not exist than believe that He was indifferent."
    (AP, 6/8/00)(AP, 10/17/98)(SFEC, 8/27/00, BR p.5)(WSJ, 5/12/07, p.P10)

1889        Jun 8, Gerard Manley Hopkins (54), poet, died.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1894        Jun 8, Erwin Schulhoff (d.1942), composer, was born in Prague. He composed a body of jazz-inspired music that included "Rag Music" and "String Quartet No. 1." http://www.fuguemasters.com/schulhoff.html
    (WSJ, 3/14/97, p.A11)

1896        Jun 8, William Jennings Bryan propelled himself to presidential candidacy when he stood before the Democratic Convention and made his famous "Cross of Gold" speech. The paramount issue in the 1896 presidential election was one of economics--the U.S. government promised to pay the holder of one dollar bill one dollar in gold. Democrats, farmers and westerners demanded that the government redeem paper money in silver as well, while Republicans and easterners protested that this policy would destroy the economy. It was on this dull, technical issue that 36-year-old William Jennings Bryan, a former congressman from Nebraska, launched his national political career. When he made his "Cross of Gold" speech, the Democrats had no strong presidential candidate. His dramatic words--"You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold!"--electrified his audience and resulted in his nomination for president in 1896.
    (HNQ, 6/8/98)
1896        Jun 8, The 1st car was stolen.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1904        Jun 8, U.S. Marines landed in Tangiers, Morocco, to protect U.S. citizens.
    (HN, 6/8/99)

1905        Jun 8, US Pres. Theodore Roosevelt offered to act as a mediator in the Russo-Japanese War.
    (AP, 6/8/05)

1906        Jun 8, Pres. Theodore Roosevelt signed the American Antiquities Act, first proposed in 1882. It was used to set aside American resources by executive order. Roosevelt had urged the passage of the Antiquities Act to allow the president to designate areas of scientific, historic or archeological significance as national monuments without the approval of Congress.
    (SFEC, 11/21/99, p.A3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antiquities_Act)(Arch, 1/06, p.4)

1908        Jun 8, King Edward VII of England visited Czar Nicholas II of Russia in an effort to improve relations between the two countries.
    (HN, 6/8/98)

1913        Jun 8, Emily Wilding Davison (b.1872), a member of the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU), died from injuries 4 days earlier when she tried to block the path of a racehorse owned by King George V. See link for video of race.
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Wdavison.htm)

1915        Jun 8, William Jennings Bryan, Woodrow Wilson's Secretary of State, resigned in a disagreement over U.S. handling of the sinking of the Lusitania. [see Jun 7]
    (AP, 6/8/97)(HN, 6/8/98)

1916        Jun 8, Francis Crick, co-discoverer of the structure of DNA (Nobel 1962), was born.
    (HN, 6/8/98)(MC, 6/8/02)

1917        Jun 8, Byron R. White (d.2002), later US Supreme Court Justice (1962-1993), was born in Fort Collins, Colo.
    (SFC, 4/16/02, p.A1)

1918        Jun 8, Robert Preston, actor (The Music Man), was born.
    (HN, 6/8/01)

1921        Jun 8, Suharto (d.2008), later dictator of Indonesia, was born.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)(AP, 1/27/08)

1924        Jun 8, George Mallory (38), a British schoolteacher, and Andrew Irvine (28), a student at Cambridge, attempted to reach the top of Mount Everest from their camp at 26,800 feet. The body of Mallory was found May 1, 1999 on a ledge at 27,000 feet. Irvine’s body was not found. Two books were published in 1999 that used parallel narratives for the 2 expeditions: "The Lost Explorer" by Conrad Anker and David Roberts, and "Ghosts of Everest" by Jochen Hemmleb, Larry A. Johnson and Eric R. Simonson (as told to William E. Northdurft). In 2012 Wade Davis won Britain’s leading nonfiction book prize for “Into the Silence: The Great War, Mallory and the Conquest of Everest."
    (SFC, 5/5/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 12/16/99, p.W10)(SFC, 11/14/12, p.F3)

1925        Jun 8, Barbara Pierce Bush, first lady to President George Bush, was born. She co-wrote "Millie's Book."
    (HN, 6/8/99)

1927        Jun 8, Jerry Stiller, comedian (Frank Constanza-Seinfeld), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1937        Jun 8, Joan Rivers (comedienne, talk show host: Can We Talk), was born.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1942        Jun 8, Andrew Weil, physician and author (Spontaneous Healing), was born.
    (HN, 6/8/01)
1942        Jun 8, Bing Crosby recorded "Adeste Fideles" and "Silent Night" in Los Angeles for Decca Records.
    (AP, 6/8/00)
1942        Jun 8, In Paris on the first day Helene Berr was forced to wear the yellow star to distinguish Jews: "My God, I didn't know this would be so hard. I was very brave all day. I held my head high and looked people so straight in the eyes they turned away. But it's hard ... This morning, I went out with Mother. Two kids in the street pointed at us saying 'Hey? You see? Jewish.'"
    (AP, 1/9/08)

1944        Jun 8, Boz (William) Scaggs (musician, singer: Lowdown, Lido Shuffle, Look What You've Done To Me), was born.
    (MC, 6/8/02)
1944        Jun 8, The 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attack was at Normandy.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1947        Jun 8, Sara Paretsky, detective novelist, was born.
    (HN, 6/8/01)

1948        Jun 8, The "Texaco Star Theater" made its debut on NBC-TV with Milton Berle hosting the first program. Although Berle was initially chosen to be only a guest host, he was named the show’s permanent host the following September. Sponsors changed and it became "The Buick-Berle Show" and then just "The Milton Berle Show." The show lasted to 1956.
    (SFEC, 5/24/98, DB p.37)(AP, 6/8/98)

1949        Jun 8, Emmanuel Ax, pianist (Artur Rubinstein Comp-1974), was born in Lvov, Poland.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1950        Jun 8, Alex Van Halen, drummer for the hard rock group Van Halen, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alex_Van_Halen)

1951        Jun 8, Paul Bobel, Werner Braune, Erich Naumann, Otto Ohlendorf, Oswald Pohl, W. Schallenmair & Otto Schmidt, last Nazi war criminals, were hanged by Americans at Landsberg Fortress.
    (MC, 6/8/02)

1953        Jun 8, The Supreme Court ruled that restaurants in Washington, D.C. could not refuse to serve blacks.
    (AP, 6/8/97)(HN, 6/8/98)
1953        Jun 8, A killer tornado hit Flint, Mich. It killed 116 people and injured more than 850 in Ohio and Michigan.
    (SSFC, 5/11/03, Par p.A11)(Hartford Courant, 6/9/63, p.23A)

1957        Jun 8, Mao ordered an "anti-rightist" witch hunt and Deng Xiaoping executed it.
    (www.marxists.org/archive/cliff/works/1959/05/chinawilt.htm)

1959        Jun 8, The NASA rocket powered X-15 made its first glide flight.
    (http://history.nasa.gov/x15/chrono.html)

1965        Jun 8, President Lyndon B. Johnson authorized commanders in Vietnam to commit U.S. ground forces to combat.
    (HN, 6/8/98)

1966        Jun 8, A merger was announced between the National and American Football Leagues, to take effect in 1970.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
1966        Jun 8, Gemini astronaut Gene Cernan attempted to become the first man to orbit the Earth untethered to a space capsule, but was unable to when he exhausts himself fitting into his rocket pack.
    (HN, 6/8/99)
1966        Jun 8, A tornado hit Topeka, Kansas, killing 16 people and destroying 820 homes.
    (SFC, 6/8/09, p.D8)

1967        Jun 8, On the 4th day of the Six-Day War Israel captured the Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, as well as the West Bank and Eastern Jerusalem from Jordan. Israel’s occupation of Gaza continued for the next 38 years.
    (SSFC, 6/3/07, p.E6)(Econ, 1/10/09, p.9)
1967        Jun 8, Israeli forces raided the USS Liberty, a US Navy ship stationed in the Mediterranean. Israel called the attack a tragic mistake. The Israeli Air Force attack on the intelligence gathering auxiliary ship Liberty killed 34 crewmen and wounded 171. The attack took place on the 4th day of the Six-Day War in international waters off the coast of Israel. While still a controversy, the official explanation was that Israel believed the Liberty was an Egyptian vessel. Commander William L. McGonagle (d.1999 at 73) was awarded the Medal of Honor for keeping Liberty afloat and remaining on the bridge for 17 hours despite his own wounds. Israel apologized and paid over $12 million in compensation.
    {Israel, USA}
    (AP, 6/8/97)(SFC, 3/9/99, p.A22)(WSJ, 5/9/01, p.A24)(WSJ, 5/16/01, p.A23)

1968        Jun 8, Authorities announced the capture in London of James Earl Ray, the suspected assassin of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
    (AP, 6/8/97)(HN, 6/8/98)

1969        Jun 8, President Nixon met with Nguyen Van Thieu, President of South Vietnam, and informed him that US troop levels were going to be sharply reduced. During a joint press conference with Thieu, Nixon announced a policy of 'Vietnamization' of the war and a reduction of US troops in Vietnam. The first phase of 'Vietnamization' was to include the withdrawal of 25,000 American military personnel.
    (www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A715042)(http://tinyurl.com/9n3vpd)

1972        Jun 8, John Plummer, helicopter pilot and operations officer in Vietnam, ordered the bombing of the village of Trang Bang. He did not know that villagers had taken refuge there. AP photographer Nick Ut took a photo of screaming children struck by napalm that showed 9-year-old Phan Thi Kim Phuc standing naked in agony. Alan Downes (1938-1996) filmed live TV footage of 9-year-old Kim Phuc and other children as they fled down Highway One in South Vietnam to escape a village under US napalm attack. On Nov 11, 1996 Plummer met with Phan Thi Kim at the Vietnam memorial in Washington in reconciliation. It was later disclosed that the actual pilot responsible was a South Vietnamese air force officer. In 2000 Denise Chong authored "The Girl in the Picture: The Story of Kim Phuc and the Photograph That Changed the course of the Vietnam War."
    (SFC, 10/11/96, p.A24)(SFC, 11/12/96, p.A3)(SFEC, 4/13/97, p.A1,12)(SFC,12/18/97, p.A3)(SFEC, 8/20/00, BR p.1)

1977        Jun 8, Protocols I and II were added to the 1949 Geneva Conventions. They prohibited environmental damage during int’l. and internal armed conflict. Protocol I prohibited "widespread, long-term and severe damage to the environment." Guerrilla warfare was affirmed as a legitimate means of conflict by the Geneva Conventions in 1977, when prisoner of war status was extended to guerrilla fighters.
    (SFC, 8/11/00, p.A15)(www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/93.htm)

1978        Jun 8, A jury in Clark County, Nev., ruled the so-called "Mormon will," purportedly written by the late billionaire Howard Hughes, was a forgery.
    (AP, 6/8/97)
1978        Jun 9, Leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints struck down a 148-year-old policy of excluding black men from the Mormon priesthood. Prophet Spencer Kimball opened the Mormon priesthood to blacks.
    (AP, 6/9/97)(NW, 9/10/01, p.48)

1982        Jun 8, President Reagan became the first American chief executive to address a joint session of the British Parliament.
    (AP, 6/8/97)
1982        Jun 8, Leroy Satchel Paige (b.1906), US baseball pitcher, died.
    (www.nlbpa.com/8june1982.html)

1986        Jun 8, Kurt Waldheim, an alleged Nazi, was elected president of Austria.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Waldheim)

1987        Jun 8, Fawn Hall began testifying at the Iran-Contra hearings, describing how, as secretary to National Security aide Oliver L. North, she helped to shred some documents and spirit away others.
    (AP, 6/8/97)

1988        Jun 8, The judge in the Iran-Contra conspiracy case ruled that Oliver North, John Poindexter, Richard Secord and Albert Hakim had to be tried separately.
    (AP, 6/8/98)

1989        Jun 8, Chinese Premier Li Peng appeared on TV, praising a group of army soldiers, apparently for their role in crushing the student-led pro-democracy movement.
    (AP, 6/8/99)

1990        Jun 8, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir announced he had succeeded in forming a new right-wing coalition government, ending a three-month-old political crisis.
    (AP, 6/8/00)

1991        Jun 8, Preakness winner "Hansel" won the Belmont Stakes.
    (AP, 6/8/01)
1991        Jun 8, A victory parade was held in Washington D-C to honor the veterans of the Persian Gulf War.
    (AP, 6/8/01)
   
1992        Jun 8, US Secretary of State James A. Baker III and Russian Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev met in Washington to try to pave the way for a new round of strategic arms cuts.
    (AP, 6/8/97)
1992        Jun 8, In Egypt two masked gunmen shot and killed writer Farag Foda.
    (WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A16)(www.tkb.org/MorePatterns.jsp?countryCd=EG&year=1992)

1993        Jun 8, Los Angeles voters elected their first registered Republican mayor since 1961, choosing Richard Riordan over City Councilman Michael Woo.
    (AP, 6/8/98)
1993        Jun 8, In New Jersey, Christie Todd Whitman defeated four other Republicans for the chance to face Governor Jim Florio in the November election.
    (AP, 6/8/98)
1993        Jun 8, In Cairo, Egypt, a bomb exploded near a tour bus on Pyramids Road killing 2 people and wounding 22 others.
    (WSJ, 10/11/04, p.A17)

1994        Jun 8, President Clinton returned to Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes scholar, to receive an honorary doctorate.
    (AP, 6/8/99)
1994        Jun 8, Bosnia's warring factions agreed to a one-month cease-fire.
    (AP, 6/8/99)

1995        Jun 8, US Marines rescued U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O’Grady, whose F-16C fighter jet had been shot down by Bosnian Serbs on June second.
    (AP, 6/8/00)
1995        Jun 8, Mickey Mantle received a liver transplant at a Dallas hospital; however, the baseball great succumbed to disease two months later.
    (AP, 6/8/00)(HN, 6/8/99)

1996        Jun 8, Editor's Note won the Belmont Stakes.
    (AP, 6/8/97)
1996        Jun 8, Declaring racial hostility was behind recent church fires in the South, President Clinton said in his weekly radio address he would devote whatever resources were needed to "smother the fires of hatred."
    (AP, 6/8/97)
1996        Jun 8,  Australian swimmer Susie Maroney began to swim the 110 miles across the Florida Straits to Key West from Havana, Cuba.
    (SFC, 6/9/96, p.A-5)
1996        Jun 8, China set off an underground nuclear test blast. The Australian Seismological Center reported a nuclear test by China having a body wave magnitude of 5.7, a middle range explosion, in the Lop Nor area of Xinjiang Province. This was the 44th test since 1964.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A11)(AP, 6/8/06)
1996        Jun 8, General Enrique Salgado assumed Mexico City’s top police job and indicated that he would appoint military officers to key public security posts. He also said that he will stress citizen participation in forming policy.
    (SFC, 6/10/96, C16)

1997        Jun 8, Jon Nakamatsu of San Jose won the Van Cliburn Int’l. Piano Competition in Texas.
    (SFC, 6/10/97, p.D1)
1997        Jun 8, Reid Shelton (71), actor (Daddy Warbucks-Annie), died of stroke.
    (http://movies.yahoo.com/shop?d=hc&id=1800041047&cf=gen&intl=us)
1997        Jun 8, Irish Prime Minister John Bruton was defeated in elections. Opposition leader Bertie Ahern of Fiana Fail, a populist Dubliner, was expected to be asked to form a new government. Fiana Fail was Ireland’s largest and traditionally most anti-British party.
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.A10)(SFC, 4/11/98, p.A8)(AP, 6/8/98)
1997        Jun 8, In Nigeria Amos Tutuola, folk writer, died at age 77. Born in Abeokuta his novels included "The Palmwine Drinkard" and "My Life in the Bush of Ghosts."
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.C2)
1997        Jun 8, In the Republic of Congo a private militia of 5,000 loyal to former leader Denis Sassou-Nguesso fought to gain control of Brazzaville. Soldiers loyal to Pres. Pascal Lissoubax were arming the citizens and looting homes.
    (SFC, 6/9/97, p.A10)

1998        Jun 8, Charlton Heston was installed as the new head of the National Rifle Association (NRA).
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A4)
1998        Jun 8, The US FTC filed a suit against Intel Corp. for using its monopoly power to bully other computer companies.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 8, Wells Fargo and Norwest Corp. reported a merger plan valued at $30-34 billion to form the nation’s 6th-7th largest bank.
    (SFC, 6/8/98, p.A1)(SFC, 6/9/98, p.A10)
1998        Jun 8, In New Mexico the $77 million Sloan Digital Sky Survey was reported to be about to start probing the universe.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 8, The shuttle Discovery pulled away from Mir, ending America's three-year space partnership with Russia.
    (AP, 6/8/99)
1998        Jun 8, In Haysville, Kansas, a Debruce Grain Elevator exploded and killed 2 men. Four people were trapped in the wreckage. The death toll rose to five after more victims were found the next day.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A6)(SFC, 6/11/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 8, In Splendora, Texas, Don Willburn Collins (13) doused Robert Middleton with gasoline on his 8th birthday and set him on fire. Middleton died in 2011 from skin cancer blamed on burns across 99% of his body. In 2014 a judge ruled that Collins could be tried as an adult.
    (SFC, 3/7/14, p.A8)(http://tinyurl.com/mzfz6pk)
1998        Jun 8, Eritrea appealed for direct talks with Ethiopia to end the border war.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A14)
1998        Jun 8, In Mexico Catholic Bishop Samuel Ruiz resigned as chief mediator in peace negotiations with the Zapatista guerrillas. The committee that he led also resigned and accused the government of standing in the way of peace.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A12)
1998        Jun 8, Nigeria’s Gen’l. Sani Abacha (54) died of a heart attack in the arms of 2 Indian prostitutes and a local virgin. Gen’l. Abdulsalam Abubakar, the defense chief of staff, was quickly named the new head of state.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A11)(Econ, 12/18/04, p.62)
1998        Jun 8, In Russia the number of AIDS was reported to have quadrupled since 1996 to 8,313, mainly due to intravenous drug-taking.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A14)
1998        Jun 8, Larisa Yudina (53), an independent journalist in Kalmykia, was found dead in a pond with a fractured skull and multiple stab wounds. She had pursued investigations of corruption of Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, the president of Kalmykia. The murder was called a political killing. Two aides of Ilyumzhinov were later arrested by the police and confessed to the killing.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A10)(SFC, 6/17/98, p.C2)
1998        Jun 8, It was reported that Turkish soldiers had killed 37 Kurdish insurgents in the southeast provinces of Sirnak, Siirt, and Diyarbakir.
    (SFC, 6/9/98, p.A14)

1999        Jun 8, President Clinton announced new restrictions aimed at making it tougher for teens to sneak into R-rated movies.
    (AP, 6/8/00)
1999        Jun 8, The United States, Russia and six leading democracies authorized a text calling for a peacekeeping force in Kosovo. The G8 agreed to the context of a UN Security Council resolution to end the conflict in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 6/9/99, p.A1)(AP, 6/8/00)   
1999        Jun 8, The WSJ covered the thong as a fashion statement on page 1.
    (WSJ, 6/7/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 8, Sen. James Inhofe (R-Okla) blocked all the civilian nominations of Pres. Clinton in protest of the "recess appointment" of James Hormel.
    (SFC, 6/9/99, p.A3)
1999        Jun 8, In Belgium 31 schoolchildren began reporting illnesses from drinking Coca Cola and prompted the removal of Coca Cola drinks from shelves on June 15. The problems were traced to defective carbon dioxide in an Antwerp bottling plant and a chemical contaminant from transport palettes. 14 million cases of Coke were eventually recalled in 5 European countries.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.B3)(WSJ, 6/29/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 8, In Chile five retired army officers were indicted in connection to the executions of 72 dissidents after a 1973 coup. Indicted were retired Gen'ls. Sergio Arellano, Pedro Espinoza, retired Cols. Sergio Arredondo, Marcelo Moren, and retired Capt. Patricio Diaz.
    (SFC, 6/9/99, p.C2)
1999        Jun 8, India and Pakistan agreed to hold talks on Kashmir Jun 11, while India continued airstrikes and a ground offensive.
    (WSJ, 6/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 8, In Lebanon 3 judges were killed along with a prosecutor in Sidon.
    (WSJ, 6/9/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 8, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor announced that the ECOMAG intervention force would leave for good on July 26 marking the end of the 7-year civil war.
    (SFC, 6/9/99, p.C4)
1999        Jun 8, In Rwanda Charles Muligande, head of the Rwandan Patriotic Front, said that Tutsi dominated government had extended its mandate to rule for another 4 years.
    (SFC, 6/10/99, p.C3)

2000        Jun 8, Jeff MacNally (52), Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist, died in Baltimore, Maryland.
    (AP, 6/8/01)
2000        Jun 8, In Greece Brigadier Stephen Saunders (53), a British diplomat, was assassinated in Athens. The November 17 terrorist group claimed responsibility, saying it killed Saunders because of his role in NATO airstrikes against Yugoslavia. In 2002 Iraklis Kostaris was charged with participating in the murder and Vassilis Xiros confessed to the assassination.
    (SFC, 6/9/00, p.A14)(AP, 6/8/01)(SFC, 7/22/02, p.A3)
2000        Jun 8, In Nigeria rioting in Lagos and a nationwide strike began after a 50% increase in fuel prices.
    (SFC, 6/9/00, p.A15)
2000        Jun 8, In Russia Pres. Putin took personal control over Chechnya. A provisional government was planned headed by a Kremlin-appointed official.
    (SFC, 6/9/00, p.A14)
2000        Jun 8, The UN voted (Resolution 1302) to extend Iraq’s oil for food program. Over the next 2 years the extensions were repeated every 180 days.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)

2001        Jun 8, Five Cuban men were convicted in the US for operating as unregistered foreign agents. Gerardo Hernandez (36) was sentenced to life in prison on Dec 12 for conspiracy in the deaths of 4 aviators shot down by Cuba in 1996. Antonio Guerrero (43), convicted for spying while working a Navy base in Florida, was sentenced to life in prison on Dec 27. In 2009 Guerrero’s sentence was reduced to 20 years. Fernando Gonzalez, known to US authorities by his alias, Ruben Campa, completed his sentence in 2014 at a prison in Arizona and was deported to Cuba.
    (SFC, 12/13/01, p.A4)(SFC, 12/28/01, p.A5)(SFC, 10/14/09, p.A4)(AP, 2/27/14)
2001        Jun 8, British Prime Minister Tony Blair and his Labour Party swept to a second term, winning re-election by a crushing margin.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2001        Jun 8, A knife-wielding man killed eight children at a Japanese elementary school.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2001        Jun 8, In Guatemala 3 soldiers and a priest were found guilty of the 1998 murder of Bishop Juan Jose Gerardi. The officers were sentenced to 30 years in prison and Rev. Orantes was sentenced to 20 years. An appeals court in 2002 granted a new trial.
    (SFC, 6/9/01, p.A8)(AP, 10/8/02)
2001        Jun 8, In Iran Pres. Khatami was elected to a 2nd term with nearly 77% of the vote.
    (SFC, 6/9/01, p.A8)(SFC, 6/11/01, p.A10)
2001        Jun 8, Irish voters rejected the EU’s Nice treaty to pave the way for 12 new members. The Irish reportedly feared immigrants in search of jobs and participation in an EU Rapid Reaction Force.
    (SFC, 6/9/01, p.A9)(Econ, 3/17/07, SR p.10)
2001        Jun 8, A knife-wielding man killed eight children at a Japanese elementary school.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2001        Jun 8, In Macedonia rebels seized Aracinovo, 5 miles from Skopje, without firing a shot.
    (SFC, 6/13/01, p.D2)

2002        Jun 8, Serena Williams won the French Open, defeating her older sister, Venus.
    (AP, 6/8/03)
2002        Jun 8, "Sarava," a 70-1 shot, captured the 134th running of the Belmont Stakes; Kentucky Derby and Preakness winner "War Emblem" finished eighth.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/8/03)
2002        Jun 8, Lennox Lewis kept his heavyweight titles by stopping Mike Tyson in the eighth round of their fight in Memphis, Tenn.
    (AP, 6/8/03)
2002        Jun 8, Pres. Bush met with Egypt's Pres. Hosni Mubarek at Camp David. Mubarek said Middle East violence would continue until Israel withdraws from Palestinian territory and hope for a future is restored to the Palestinian people. Bush sidestepped Arab pleas to impose a deadline for Palestinian statehood while Mubarak defended Yasser Arafat and urged, "Give this man a chance."
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A12)(AP, 6/8/03)
2002        Jun 8, The Colorado Hayman fire began and by June 16 burned 102,000 acres and destroyed at least 24 homes. It was later reported to have been accidentally set by Terry Lynn Barton (38), a forest service technician.
    (SFC, 6/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Jun 8, A bus filled with Afghan families returning from Pakistan plunged into the Kabul River near Sarobi and 67 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A18)
2002        Jun 8, Colombian police in Cali arrested John Fredy Jimenez, the alleged hired assassin who gunned down Roman Catholic Archbishop Isaias Duarte as he left a wedding March 16.
    (AP, 6/9/02)
2002        Jun 8, Liberian troops recaptured a northern town believed to have been used by insurgents as a transit point for supplies and rebels fighters based in neighboring Guinea.
    (AP, 6/8/02)
2002        Jun 8, In Mali former junta leader Amadou Toumani Toure was sworn in for a five-year term as the new democratically elected president..
    (AP, 6/8/02)
2002        Jun 8, Palestinians entered a Jewish settlement in the West Bank early Saturday and killed three Israelis in a shooting attack, the military and paramedics said. Three Israelis and seven armed Palestinians were killed.
    (AP, 6/7/02)(AP, 6/9/02)   
2002        Jun 8, From Russia it was reported that Pres. Putin's allies in the Duma kicked out the Communists of their governing coalition.
    (SFC, 6/8/02, p.A14)
2002        Jun 8, Uganda police reported that more than three dozen people were feared drowned after a wooden boat capsized in Lake Victoria..
    (AP, 6/8/02)
2002        Jun 8-9, A weekend meeting was held in Tallinn, Estonia, for Baltic and Nordic defense ministers. Donald Rumsfeld, US Sec. of Defense, attended.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.A13)

2003        Jun 8, "Hairspray" took firm hold of the Tony Awards, collecting eight prizes, including best musical. Brian Dennehy and Vanessa Redgrave won best actor and actress for their roles in "Long Day's Journey into Night." The best play was "Take Me Out," Richard Greenberg's play about a gay baseball player.
    (AP, 6/9/03)(SFC, 6/9/03, p.D9)
2003        Jun 8, A coalition of US mayors meeting in Denver asked federal officials to bypass state governments and give them the money they needed to beef up homeland security.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2003        Jun 8, Annika Sorenstam won the LPGA Championship for her 5th major title. Spain's Juan Carlos Ferrero won the French Open men's final over Martin Verkerk.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2003        Jun 8, George Foreman was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2003        Jun 8, Toronto reported two more SARS deaths, raising the Canadian toll from the deadly respiratory illness to 33.
    (Reuters, 6/8/03)
2003        Jun 8, In Chechnya the deputy director of the region's natural gas network was shot and killed in his home.
    (AP, 6/9/03)
2003        Jun 8, China began building one of the world's longest bridges. The 22-mile, $1.4 billion bridge across Hangzhou Bay, linking Shanghai to the port of Ningbo, was set for completion in 2009.
    (AP, 6/9/03)(SFC, 7/9/03, p.A16)
2003        Jun 8, In Germany storms left 10 people dead.
    (WSJ, 6/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 8, In Quetta, Pakistan, near the Afghan border 2 gunmen on motorcycles sprayed a group of policemen with machine-gun fire, killing at least 11 officers and wounding 9.
    (AP, 6/8/03)
2003        Jun 8, Three Palestinians disguised as Israeli military sneaked into an army post and killed 4 soldiers before being killed by troops in the first major attack on Israelis since last week's Mideast summit. Another Israeli soldier was killed in Hebron. 6 Palestinians died in the violence.
    (AP, 6/8/03)(SFC, 6/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 8, Poland ended a two-day referendum to join the EU. 76% of the 59.6% turnout voted in favor.
    (AP, 6/9/03)(SFC, 6/9/03, p.A7)
2003        Jun 8, In Barcelona, Spain, more than 7,000 people gathered at daybreak and shed their clothes to take part in artist Spencer Tunick's largest work yet, an installation featuring a sea of nude bodies covering a central Barcelona avenue.
    (AP, 6/8/03)

2004        Jun 8, John Ashcroft, US Attorney General, told Congress he would not release a 2002 policy memo on the degree of pain and suffering legally permitted during enemy interrogations.
    (SFC, 6/9/04, A1)
2004        Jun 8, U.S.-led troops backed by jet fighters and helicopters killed 21 Taliban militants, after rebels attacked a convoy in the mountains of southern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/9/04)
2004        Jun 8, Britain planned to give an extra 15 million pounds (27 million dollars) in relief aid to Sudan's crisis-hit Darfur region.
    (AFP, 6/8/04)
2004        Jun 8, In Ecuador foreign ministers from around the Americas declared war on the deeply ingrained corruption in the region at the end of a two-day meeting in Quito.
    (AP, 6/9/04)
2004        Jun 8, In Gabon a small airliner crashed after takeoff from Libreville. At least 14 of 30 people aboard were killed.
    (WSJ, 6/9/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 8, Two volcanoes in separate parts of Indonesia shot forth plumes of smoke and showers of stones, killing two hikers and forcing the evacuation of 5,000 villagers.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2004        Jun 8, Iraqi officials declared that the interim government has assumed full control of the country's oil industry.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2004        Jun 8, In Iraq 3 Italians and a Polish contractor who'd been abducted were freed by US special forces.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2004        Jun 8, In Iraq 2 car bombs exploded in Mosul and Baquoba, killing at least 14 Iraqis and one U.S. soldier. 6 coalition soldiers, two Poles, three Slovaks and a Latvian, were killed in an explosion while defusing mines in Suwayrah.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2004        Jun 8, In Saudi Arabia an American citizen who worked for a US defense contractor was shot and killed in Riyadh.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2004        Jun 8, In Venezuela, elections officials said President Hugo Chavez must face a recall vote on Aug 15. Should Chavez lose a recall before Aug. 19, the completion of the fourth year of his six-year term, presidential elections would be held within a month. After Aug 19, Chavez's vice president, Jose Vicente Rangel, would serve out the remainder of Chavez's term.
    (AP, 6/9/04)
2004        Jun 8, The Zimbabwe government announced that all farmland will be nationalized and private land ownership abolished. Title deeds of farm properties will be scrapped and replaced by 99-year leases with rent payable to the government.
    (AP, 6/8/04)
2004        Jun 8, Venus made a rare transit across face of the sun.
    (AP, 6/9/04)
2004        Jun 8, The UN voted 15-0 to accept a US and British resolution to end the formal co-occupation of Iraq on June 30.
    (SFC, 6/9/04, A1)

2005        Jun 8, The US Senate confirmed California judge Janice Rogers Brown for the federal appeals court, ending a two-year battle.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2005        Jun 8, Former Boston Bruins star Cam Neely, the late Valeri Kharlamov and Murray Costello were named to the Hockey Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2005        Jun 8, Seagate introduced a disk drive for notebook computers that stores 160 gigabytes of data. It used new technology called perpendicular recording.
    (WSJ, 6/9/05, p.B7)
2005        Jun 8, The WWF conservation group reported that fishing nets claim the lives of some 1,000 whales, dolphins and porpoises around the world each day.
    (WSJ, 6/9/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 8, In eastern Afghanistan rebel rockets struck US troops unloading supplies from a helicopter, killing two and wounding 8.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Brazil the top financial officer for Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva's Workers’ Party denied paying off congressmen to keep the fragile governing coalition alive, making a bid to contain political damage from an alleged bribes-for-votes scandal. This came to be called the mensalao (“big monthly stipend") scandal.
    (AP, 6/8/05)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.42)
2005        Jun 8, Security forces opened fire on stone-throwing demonstrators in Ethiopia, killing 26 people in a third day of protests over election results.
    (AP, 6/8/05)(WSJ, 6/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 8, French PM Dominique de Villepin easily won a parliamentary vote of confidence after announcing a job creation plan worth $5.5 billion.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Haiti Butteur Metayer (34), a gang leader who started the uprising that led to the ouster of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, died of kidney failure.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In India a bus hit a high voltage wire, killing 11 passengers and injuring 15 others in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, An American-Iraqi offensive killed at least 10 militants, including four blown apart by their own car bomb.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Mexico Alejandro Dominguez took office as police chief of Nuevo Laredo, saying he wasn't afraid of anything. Nine hours later, he was ambushed and killed by gunmen who fired some three dozen times.
    (AP, 6/9/05)
2005        Jun 8, Nepalese police arrested 53 journalists as they protested press restrictions.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Nigeria 5 men and one woman were shot dead in the poor Apo neighborhood Abuja. Police initially said they were armed robbers caught in the act, but an inquiry established that they were unarmed. In Dec Nigeria apologized to the families of the people who were shot dead and offered them 3 million naira ($22,600) each, setting a precedent in a country where police brutality is a fact of daily life.
    (Reuters, 12/03/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Norway US Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and his Norwegian counterpart on signed an agreement allowing the US military to continue storing equipment there.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, In Palestine 3 workers at a Jewish settlement in Gaza were killed in a Palestinian mortar strike, two West Bank militants were shot dead by soldiers and an infiltrator from Egypt to Gaza was gunned down by Israeli forces.
    (AP, 6/8/05)
2005        Jun 8, A 2-day conference on racism sponsored by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) opened in Cordoba, Spain.
    (AP, 6/9/05)

2006        Jun 8, The US offered a reward of up to $5 million for information leading to the capture of Jorge Eduardo Costilla Sanchez, a reputed Mexican drug cartel chieftain, whose group allegedly smuggles tons of cocaine and marijuana north each year.
    (AP, 6/9/06)
2006        Jun 8, The US FDA approved the vaccine Gardasil, developed by Merck to prevent most cases of cervical cancer.
    (SFC, 6/9/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 8, A jury in Memphis, Tenn., convicted former state Sen. Roscoe Dixon for his role in the Tennessee Waltz bribery sting. He was convicted on all five counts, which centered on accepting $9,500 in bribe money to influence legislation that would have been beneficial to E-Cycle Management Inc., a fake company the FBI created to orchestrate the Waltz sting.
    (http://tinyurl.com/kt8od)(WSJ, 6/9/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 8, Richard Miller, writer, died in Monterey, Ca. His 13 books included “Bohemia: The Protoculture Then and Now" (1977).
    (SFC, 6/17/06, p.B5)
2006        Jun 8, Afghan troops killed 13 suspected Taliban rebels including two Pakistani nationals in an operation in southern Afghanistan. The US military released 33 Afghans from a prison at Bagram Air Base. Violence killed nine people around Afghanistan, including a regional security director and two Afghan aid workers.
    (AFP, 6/9/06)(AP, 6/9/06)
2006        Jun 8, In Azerbaijan the Presidents Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan and Valdas Adamkus of Lithuania met in the presence of the two countries’ delegations following a one-on-one meeting.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ffjol)
2006        Jun 8, Sheikha Haya Rashed Al Khalifa, a pioneering lawyer and women's rights advocate from Bahrain, was elected UN General Assembly president, the first woman from the Middle East to take the post.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2006        Jun 8, A boat carrying more than 70 people capsized in rough waters off Bangladesh's coast. Rescuers recovered at least 16 bodies.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2006        Jun 8, In southern China the bank of a rain-swollen river collapsed, flooding 11 villages filled with sleeping people and causing an unknown number of deaths and injuries.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2006        Jun 8, Fu Xiancai (47) was called into the Zigui County Public Security Bureau in Hubei province and criticized for his television appearance in which he criticized the government's treatment of people who were forced to relocate as a result of the Three Gorges dam project. He was attacked after leaving the police station and was paralyzed after assailants broke his neck. On July 26 the head of the security bureau's forensics department and another county official said that experts concluded the injuries were self-inflicted.
    (AP, 7/27/06)
2006        Jun 8, The European Central Bank (ECB) meeting in Madrid raised its key interest rate by a quarter point to 2.75% amid worries that high oil prices would spur inflation. Stock markets in Asia tumbled to their lowest levels in months and European shares also declined amid anxiety that possible US interest rates hikes will slow global growth.
    (SFC, 6/9/06, p.D3)(AP, 6/8/06)(Econ, 6/10/06, p.75)
2006        Jun 8, It was reported that pollution in Hong Kong is worse than Los Angeles, the most polluted city in the United States, and claims around 2,000 lives a year.
    (AFP, 6/8/06)
2006        Jun 8, Pres. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said Iran was ready to discuss "mutual concerns" over his country's nuclear program, but he refused to first suspend uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2006        Jun 8, Iraq's parliament approved three new key ministers, including a Sunni Arab to head the defense ministry. Bombs struck a busy outdoor market and a police patrol in a mostly Shiite area of Baghdad. At least five bombs, most them packed in vehicles, detonated in and around Baghdad, killing at least 40 people. Gunmen kidnapped Muthanna al-Badri, a senior Iraqi oil official in Baghdad, as he was returning home from work. In Ghalbiyah, near where al-Zarqawi was killed, five civilians were killed and three were wounded in a firefight.
    (AP, 6/8/06)(AP, 6/9/06)
2006        Jun 8, The Israeli military struck a PRC training camp in the southern Gaza town of Rafah. Abu Samhadana (43), Hamas government's top security chief, was killed when four missiles struck. 3 other militants were also killed and 10 wounded. Palestinians fired 2 rockets into Israel hitting a building in Sderot.
    (AP, 6/9/06)
2006        Jun 8, In Nigeria militants released one Nigerian and five South Korean gas workers after a plea from the jailed militant leader in whose name they were abducted.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2006        Jun 8, The Hamas-led government's 3,000-member private militia showed no signs of withdrawing from Gaza's streets despite a deal with the rival Fatah movement to remove it from public areas.
    (AP, 6/8/06)
2006        Jun 8, Breakaway factions from two rebel groups that rejected last month's peace accord for Sudan's violence-riven Darfur region signed declarations committing themselves to the pact. Southern Sudanese leaders said they are organizing peace talks with the rebel Lord's Resistance Army and the Ugandan government to try to end the brutal war in northern Uganda that has spilled across the border into their own country.
    (AP, 6/8/06)

2007        Jun 8, The US froze bank accounts of four Iran banks tied to Tehran’s nuclear efforts. Iran confirmed for the first time that it is holding Ali Shakeri of Lake Forest, Calif., an Iranian-American peace activist, the fourth dual citizen it has detained in recent months.
    (WSJ, 6/9/07, p.A1)(AP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, US Defense Secretary Robert Gates said that bitter divisions over the Iraq war on Capitol Hill led the Bush administration to replace Gen. Peter Pace with Adm. Mike Mullen, currently chief of naval operations.
    (AP, 6/9/07)
2007        Jun 8, Mary Winkler, who'd killed her preacher husband with a shotgun blast to the back as he lay in bed, was sentenced in Selmer, Tenn., to three years in prison. She ended up serving 67 days in custody, 12 in jail and the rest in a mental health facility.
    (AP, 6/9/08)
2007        Jun 8, Paris Hilton was sent screaming and crying back to jail after a judge in Los Angeles ruled she had to serve out her sentence for a probation violation behind bars rather than under house arrest.
    (AP, 6/9/08)
2007        Jun 8, A European investigator issued a report saying the CIA ran secret prisons in Poland and Romania from 2003 to 2005 to interrogate detainees in the war on terror.
    (AP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, Two inmates escaped while working at the Montana State Prison ranch near Deer Lodge. On June 13 authorities captured Kelly A. Frank and William J. Willcutt. Frank was once accused of plotting to kidnap the son and nanny of David Letterman.
    (SFC, 6/14/07, p.A2)
2007        Jun 8, A patched-up Atlantis blasted off with seven astronauts on the first space shuttle flight of 2007, an 11-day space station-building mission.
    (AP, 6/8/07)(WSJ, 6/9/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 8, Thomas G. Ayers (b.1915), former chief executive of Chicago’s Commonwealth Edison, died. Ayers retired a year after the 1979 accident at Three Mile Island.
    (WSJ, 6/30/07, p.A4)
2007        Jun 8, Richard Rorty (b.1931), philosophy professor, died in Palo Alto, Ca. His books included “Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature" (1979). In 2008 Neil Gross authored “Richard Rorty: The Making of an American Philosopher."
    (SFC, 6/11/07, p.A2)(Econ, 6/14/08, p.103)
2007        Jun 8, Afghan Attorney General Abdul Jabar Sabet, a critic of some of the country's factional leaders and former warlords, was set upon in the middle of a traffic jam just outside Kabul by Gen. Din Mohammad Jurat, a senior official at the Interior Ministry. A roadside bomb exploded in Kandahar's Panjwayi district, killing three police officers and wounding four in a police vehicle. In the Spin Boldak district a roadside bomb killed two policemen and wounded three others in a border police vehicle.
    (Reuters, 6/8/07)(AP, 6/9/07)
2007        Jun 8, Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov said that Azerbaijan is ready to consider proposed joint US-Russian use of a radar facility in the country as part of a missile defense system.
    (AP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, A wild storm lashed Australia's east coast, killing at least five people. The Pasha Bulker, massive coal ship, was pushed onto a sand bank off the port city of Newcastle, some 90 miles north of Sydney.
    (AP, 6/9/07)
2007        Jun 8, The Royal Navy's largest and most powerful attack submarine, the giant nuclear-powered HMS Astute, was given a beery royal launch.
    (AFP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, In Chile former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori was put back under house arrest, a day after a Chilean prosecutor recommended his extradition to face charges of human rights abuses and corruption in his home country.
    (AP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, In southern China thousands of workers, mostly women, at a plastic Christmas tree factory clashed with police after a 10-day strike.
    (AP, 6/9/07)
2007        Jun 8, In Germany the leaders of the G8 met with African leaders on their summit's concluding day, agreeing on a $60 billion package to fight disease in Africa as diplomats worked behind the scenes on a possible deal with Russia over Kosovo's future. The G8 powers called for action against "the perpetrators of atrocities" in Darfur and said it would back UN action against the Sudanese government and rebel groups if the conflict is not ended. President Bush was ill and stayed in his room after meeting privately with French President Nicolas Sarkozy.
    (AP, 6/8/07)(AFP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, It was reported that the student wing of the Shiv Sena party, a right-wing Hindu group, has asked public Internet centers in India to partly block access to Orkut, and is making a software to monitor abusive communities on the popular social networking site operated by Google.
    (Reuters, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, In Indonesia Dago Simamora (59), a junior high-school teacher in South Sumatra, was shot dead by a killer on a motorcycle. It was later alleged that he was killed because he was accused of trying to convert girls in his class to Christianity. In 2009 ten members of the Palembang jihadist group that killed him were jailed on terrorism charges. One member said: “Dago Simamora was killed because he forbade his students to wear headscarves at school."
    (Econ, 9/12/09, SR p.8)(http://tinyurl.com/mdzqrl)
2007        Jun 8, Carloads of attackers descended on a police chief's house outside Baqouba at dawn, killing the official's wife, two brothers and 11 guards, and kidnapping three of his grown children. A parked minibus exploded at a bus terminal in the town of Qurnah, and a hospital director said at least 16 people were killed and 32 wounded. Bombings struck a Shiite mosque in a town near the oil-rich city of Kirkuk, killing at least 13 people and wounding 14. Unknown gunmen speeding by in the northern city of Kirkuk shot and killed a soldier, Adnan Mahmoud, as he drove with his 2-year-old daughter. The child also was killed.
    (AP, 6/7/07)
2007        Jun 8, In Italy the first trial involving the CIA's extraordinary rendition program opened in the absence of all 26 American defendants accused of kidnapping an Egyptian terrorist suspect.
    (AP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, The Japanese government donated 9.25 million dollars (6.42 million euros) to UNICEF to support its child survival programs in Nigeria.
    (AFP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, Japan’s Inamori Foundation announced that a California-based earthquake scientist, Japanese chemist and German choreographer have won the $410,000 Kyoto Prize for achievement in the arts and sciences. The basic sciences award went to Hiroo Kanamori of the California Institute of Technology for his research on major earthquakes along the Pacific Rim; Hiroo Inokuchi at the University of Tokyo received the advanced technology award for his work in organic electronics; German choreographer Pina Bausch was awarded the arts and philosophy prize for her pioneering work in developing a new genre of ballet dubbed "Tanztheater," or dance theater. The prizes were awarded on Nov 10.
    (AP, 6/9/07)(AP, 11/11/07)
2007        Jun 8, Lebanese troops battled al-Qaida-inspired militants in a Palestinian refugee camp where violence has raged for three weeks. The clashes in northern Lebanon came hours after a bombing in a Christian town northeast of Beirut killed at least one man.
    (AP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, It was reported that Libya, citing cost and liability concerns, has informed the United States of plans to back out of a contract to destroy its mustard gas stocks as promised under a landmark 2003 agreement.
    (Reuters, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, In Pakistan's southwestern Baluchistan province 3 people were killed and five wounded when a roadside bomb blasted a passing bus.
    (AFP, 6/9/07)
2007        Jun 8, South Korea lifted a de facto ban on American beef imports, after the US confirmed that only two shipments meant for domestic consumption were exported mistakenly.
    (AP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, Spanish police arrested Arnaldo Otegi (48), the Basque separatist movement's most prominent politician, on a court order for him to start serving a 15-month sentence for defending terrorism. A judge indicted 32 people on charges of belonging to or collaborating with a militant group working in Spain to recruit fighters for al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/8/07)(AP, 6/9/07)
2007        Jun 8, Sri Lanka's highest court ordered police to stop expelling Tamils from the capital.
    (AP, 6/8/07)
2007        Jun 8, The Zimbabwean government published a draft bill to amend the country's constitution, provide for harmonized presidential and parliamentary polls and reduce the presidential term. A party spokesman said 11 Zimbabwean opposition supporters, who had been detained for two months for an alleged "terrorism" plot, have been released after a court ordered the charges to be dropped.
    (AFP, 6/8/07)(AFP, 6/9/07)

2008        Jun 8, The new $47.5 million SF Contemporary Jewish Museum, designed by Daniel Libeskind, opened on Jessie Square next to St. Patrick’s Church on Mission St. It was created in the former 1907 PG&E power station designed by Willis Polk.
    (SSFC, 6/8/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 8, Iowa schoolteachers John (55) and Nancy (49) Vogel set off with their two twins (10), Daryl and Davy, on a 3-year bicycle trip from Alaska to Argentina. They expected to complete the trip in March, 2011.
    (SSFC, 8/15/10, Par p.8)(http://familyonbikes.org/blog/)
2008        Jun 8, In Ohio a small plane crashed in a residential area of Sandusky County and all 6 people aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 6/9/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 8, In Oklahoma Taylor Placker (13) and Skyla Whitaker (11) were murdered on an unpaved road in Weleetka. On Dec 9, 2011, authorities announced murder charges against Kevin Sweat (25), who was already in custody in connection with the July 17 death of his girlfriend, Ashley Taylor (23).
    (SFC, 12/10/11, p.A6)(http://tinyurl.com/6lne9lz)
2008        Jun 8, In Texas a medical helicopter crashed on an isolated ranch in Sam Houston National Forest, killing a patient and three crew members.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In the Gulf of Mexico 4 college students from Texas and a safety officer were rescued after spending some 26 hours in choppy seas following the sinking of their 38-foot Cynthia Woods, which was competing in the Regatta de Amigos. Safety officer Roger Stone died in the capsized vessel.
    (SFC, 6/9/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 8, Wicked weekend storms pounded the US from the Midwest to the East Coast, forcing hundreds of people to flee flooded communities, spawning tornadoes that tore up houses and killing at least eight people in Indiana (1), Michigan (6), Connecticut (1). Wisconsin Gov. Jim Doyle declared a state of emergency in 29 counties and President Bush declared a major disaster in 29 Indiana counties, freeing up aid. Iowa Gov. Chet Culver declared an emergency in nearly a third of the state's 99 counties.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In Afghanistan the body of Abdul Samad Rohani (25), an Afghan reporter for the BBC, was found in Helmand province. 3 British paratroopers were killed in Helmand province in a suicide bomb attack, bringing total British military deaths in Afghanistan since 2001 to 100.
    (AFP, 6/8/08)(AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 8, In Algeria 2 bombs exploded at a railway station east of Algiers reportedly killing 13 people. Officials the next day said only 2 people, a French engineer and his driver, were killed in the bombings.
    (Reuters, 6/8/08)(AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 8, Burundi's top rebel leader and the government's chief negotiator pledged to work to end 15 years of civil war as they arrived in South Africa for talks on the country's peace process.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In southwestern Greece a strong earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 6.5 struck near the port city of Patras, killing at least two people and injuring more than 200.
    (AP, 6/8/08)(SFC, 6/10/08, p.A10)
2008        Jun 7, In Hong Kong a routine inspection found chickens infected with H5N1 bird flu in a poultry market. Authorities slaughtered 2,700 birds and banned live poultry imports from China.
    (WSJ, 6/9/08, p.A12)
2008        Jun 8, An unidentified gunman shot and killed a police officer in the city of Nazran in the province of Ingushetia.
    (AP, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 8, A blast just outside Baghdad's Green Zone killed three civilians and wounded 10. 6 shepherds were killed execution-style before dawn by suspected militants linked to al-Qaida masquerading as fellow herders east of Baghdad. The US military captured six more suspected Sunni extremists in Mosul, including an alleged al-Qaida in Iraq leader and another man who is a wiring expert in charge of a bombing cell there. In northern Tamim province a suicide truck bomber, with explosives concealed under tanned animal hides, struck a US patrol base killing one US soldier and wounding 18 other Americans.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, G8 leaders meeting in Japan pledged to fight skyrocketing energy prices by increasing efficiency and accelerating investment in new technologies, while urging producers to expand production.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In Tokyo police arrested Tomohiro Kato, a blood-spattered 25-year-old man, who they said drove a truck into a crowd of people, then got out and began a frenzied knife attack stabbing 17 people leaving at least 7 dead. On March 24, 2011, a court sentenced the former auto plant worker to death.
    (Reuters, 6/8/08)(WSJ, 6/9/08, p.A1)(SFC, 6/10/08, p.A3)(AFP, 3/24/11)
2008        Jun 8, Malawi began its fifth census since its 1964 independence from Britain, a decade after the last head count was held in the AIDS-blighted and impoverished nation.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In the Philippines a television news team was abducted in Sulu province by armed men, believed to be members of Abu Sayaf. A cameraman was released on June 12, but 2 colleagues remained captive.
    (SFC, 6/11/08, p.A15)(AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 8, In Somalia 12 civilians were killed in Mogadishu in a cross fire between troops and suspected Islamic insurgents.
    (SFC, 6/9/08, p.A11)
2008        Jun 8, The leaders of Sudan's northern and southern halves signed an agreement to settle a dispute over the oil-rich Abyei region that, if implemented, could stop the nation's slide back into civil war.
    (AP, 6/8/08)
2008        Jun 8, In Tanzania a growing criminal trade in albino body parts was reported to have led to 19 killings over the past year. By the end of the year at least 35 albinos were reportedly murdered to supply witch doctors with limbs, organs and hair for their potions.
    (SSFC, 6/8/08, p.A22)(Econ, 1/17/09, p.50)
2008        Jun 8, In eastern Ukraine a powerful explosion tore through a mine, trapping at least 37 miners who had been making repairs to improve safety conditions in the mine. 23 miners were rescued on June 9.
    (AP, 6/8/08)(Reuters, 6/9/08)
2008        Jun 8, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez urged Colombian rebels to lay down their weapons, unilaterally free dozens of hostages and end a decades-long armed struggle.
    (AP, 6/8/08)

2009        Jun 8, The US border patrol said a Mexican truck driver was arrested over the weekend at a checkpoint in San Diego County after 73 illegal Mexican immigrants were found in the back of his rig.
    (SFC, 6/9/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 8, Royal Dutch Shell agreed In NYC to a $15.5 million settlement to end a lawsuit alleging that the oil giant was complicit in the executions of activist Ken Saro-Wiwa and other civilians by Nigeria's former military regime.
    (AP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, New Jersey officials broke ground for a new tunnel under the Hudson River linking to NYC. The $8.7 billion project was expected to be completed in 2017.
    (SFC, 6/8/09, p.A6)
2009        Jun 8, North Carolina State Univ. terminated former first lady Mary Easley’s $170,000-a-year job after e-mails showed that former Gov. Mike Easley had served as an intermediary when the school hire her.
    (SFC, 6/9/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 8, In Kansas David Lee Gage of Wichita (52) was found dead of suicide in his jail cell. He had faced nearly 30 years in prison for raping 3 women who had advertised erotic services on Craigslist.
    (SFC, 6/10/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 8, Harold Norse (b.1916 as Harold Rosen), SF-based Beat poet, died. His books included “Beat Hotel" (1960), an experimental cut-up novel, and “Hotel Nirvana: Selected Poems: 1953-1973)" (1974).
    (SSFC, 6/14/09, p.B6)(www.beatmuseum.org/norse/haroldnorse.html)
2009        Jun 8, Brazilian and French ships recovered 8 more bodies from Air France Flight 447, bringing the total recovered to 24. The tail section of the plane was also recovered. The plane disappeared during a flight from Rio de Janeiro to Paris on May 31 amid strong thunderstorms.
    (AP, 6/9/09)(SFC, 6/9/09, p.A3)
2009        Jun 8, Final election results showed a British far-right party won its first-ever parliamentary seats in EU elections. The British National Party, which does not accept nonwhite members and calls for the "voluntary repatriation" of immigrants, won two of Britain's 72 seats in the European Parliament. Austria's Freedom Party, which also campaigned on an anti-Islam platform, more than doubled its share of the vote to 13.1%. Hungary's Jobbik party, which describes itself as Euro-skeptic and anti-immigration and wants police to crack down on what it calls "Gypsy crime," won three of the country's 22 seats and almost 15% of the vote. The Greater Romania Party, which is, among other things, pro-religion, anti-gay and anti-Hungarian, made surprise gains, winning almost 9% of the vote and taking two of Romania's 33 seats. A bloc of center-right parties remained the largest group.
    (AP, 6/8/09)(Econ, 11/14/09, p.63)
2009        Jun 8, In Britain van maker LDV was placed in administration after the collapse of a rescue deal by Malaysian firm Weststar collapsed. Up to 850 jobs and thousands more in the supply chain were threatened. The company, owned by Russian giant GAZ, applied to Birmingham County Court for administrators to be appointed.
    (AFP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, The Wall Street Journal reported that China will require all personal computers sold in the country from July 1 to come with software that blocks access to certain websites. The program aimed to prevent the spread of pornography and other "unhealthy" content. On June 16 the government backed away from the order required use of installation of the Green Dam Youth Escort software, but the software would come pre-installed or included with all PCs sold on the mainland as of July 1.
    (AFP, 6/8/09)(AP, 6/9/09)(SFC, 6/17/09, p.C3)
2009        Jun 8, Cuba formally rejected an offer to rejoin the Organization of American States (OAS), echoing the sentiments of Fidel Castro who has long maintained his island has no use for the group.
    (AP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, In Egypt at least 18 factory workers were killed when their bus collided with a truck in the Nile Delta.
    (AFP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, Gabon Pres. Omar Bongo (b.1935), the world's longest-serving president, died at a hospital in Spain. His 42-year rule reflected an era when Africa was ruled by "Big Men." He left behind at least 66 bank accounts. The first family owned 45 homes in France, including at least 14 in Paris and 11 on the French Riviera. And they boasted of 19 or more luxury cars, including a Bugatti sports model that cost the Republic of Gabon $1.5 million.
    (AP, 6/8/09)(AP, 6/20/09)(Econ, 6/20/09, p.90)
2009        Jun 8, In Hong Kong an unidentified assailant hurled acid in the busy Mong Kok shopping district, injuring 24 pedestrians including a 4-year old girl. It was the third in a series of acid attacks that have hurt some 100 people.
    (AP, 6/9/09)
2009        Jun 8, In Iraq a bomb tore through a minibus during morning rush hour in a mainly Shiite area in Baghdad, killing at least nine people and wounding 24.
    (AP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, In Indian Kashmir security forces opened fire on protesters, wounding at least seven people, including two critically, in the worst clash since unrest broke out last week over the deaths of two young women.
    (AP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, In Malawi an international organization began moving more than 60 elephants from Phirilongwe village, south of Lake Malawi, to the Majete Wildlife Reserve. Local farmers had used violence to protect their crops from raids by the elephants, and at least 10 people and a number of elephants have recently died in such confrontations.
    (AP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, In Mexico gunmen launched grenades and opened fire in near simultaneous attacks on two police stations in Acapulco, killing three officers in violence that broke out less than 48 hours after a gunbattle in the resort left 17 dead.
    (AP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, In Nepal a strike called by Maoist sympathizers paralyzed large swathes of Nepal, forcing schools and businesses to shut and stranding tourists.
    (AFP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, North Korea convicted Laura Ling and Euna Lee, American journalists for former Vice President Al Gore's San Francisco-based Current TV media venture, and sentenced them to 12 years of hard labor for crossing into its territory, intensifying the reclusive nation's confrontation with the United States.
    (AP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, In Norway Georg Mueller (58) stepped down as bishop in the western city of Trondheim. On April 7, 2010, Norway’s Catholic Church said he did so after admitting he had molested a child years earlier, when he was a priest.
    (AP, 4/7/10)
2009        Jun 8, Gaza militants equipped with explosives-laden horses approached the Israeli border, igniting a battle that left four gunmen dead.
    (AP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, In Peru indigenous leader Alberto Pizango sought refuge at Nicaragua's embassy in Lima. Nicaragua granted Pizango political asylum but he remained at the embassy, awaiting Peru's agreement to allow him safe passage out of the country.
    (AP, 6/10/09)
2009        Jun 8, Interfax news agency reported that Russian forces have killed Doku Umarov, the leader of the Chechen separatist movement.
    (Reuters, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, Sudan passed an amended version of a media bill that sparked protests in Khartoum last month, but the new version failed to allay the fears of many Sudanese journalists.
    (AP, 6/8/09)
2009        Jun 8, In Thailand gunmen opened fire on a mosque in Narathiwat province’s Hoh-I-Rong district killing at least 10 people and wounding 19 others.
    (SFC, 6/9/09, p.A2)

2010        Jun 8, The US Supreme Court derailed a key part of Arizona's campaign finance system by at least temporarily blocking extra money for publicly funded candidates outspent by privately financed rivals or targeted by independent groups' spending.
    (AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, Voters in 12 states expressed their anger with Washington and special interests by defeating a $10 million union campaign to unseat Arkansas, Sen. Blanche Lincoln (D), who had the courage to stand up against their special interest legislation, promoting women outsiders who have run public companies but never held office, and supporting candidates aligned with Tea Party  values. In the California governor’s race, Meg Whitman’s victory over state insurance commissioner Steve Poizner places her in a faceoff against the quintessential career politician—Jerry Brown, governor of California from 1975 to 1983, then mayor of Oakland and now the state attorney general.
    (AP, 6/9/10)
2010        Jun 8, Nader Modanlo, a Potomac, Md., resident, was arrested on charges he secretly brokered the launch from Russia of the first Iranian-owned satellite in 2005, in violation of the US sanctions against Iran. His trial was expected to begin in October 2012.
    (www.iranwatch.org/suppliers/records/nader-modanlo.html)(AP, 6/27/11)
2010        Jun 8, General Motors Co. said it was recalling about 1.5 million vehicles worldwide to address a problem with a heated windshield wiper fluid system that could lead to a fire, its second recall over the issue in two years.
    (AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, In Afghanistan 2 American troops were killed by a roadside bomb and a British soldier was shot dead on patrol. Kandahar's provincial government said in a statement that Afghan and NATO troops had battled Taliban militants in the Mianshen district, killing 14 insurgents. The Interior Ministry said seven Afghan private security guards were killed two separate attacks in eastern Ghazni province.
    (AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, In northeastern Brazil Jose Agostinho Pereira (54) was jailed for keeping his daughter imprisoned for 12 years in a remote fishing village. Police said he had raped her repeatedly and had seven children with her. The man was also accused of abusing a young girl he had with his daughter. In Feb, 2011, Pereira was decapitated by fellow inmates who broke into his cell in the city of Pinheiro.
    (AP, 6/9/10)(AP, 2/9/11)
2010        Jun 8, Britain’s state-owned bank Northern Rock said that it plans to cut up to 650 jobs by the end of 2010 as part of an ongoing restructuring process after a government bailout.
    (AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, Britain’s Anglican Communion suspended US Episcopalians from serving on ecumenical bodies because of the election of lesbian Rev. Canon Mary Glasspool as an assistant bishop in Los Angeles on June 5.
    (SFC, 6/9/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 8, China's Xinhua news agency said iPhone maker Foxconn International Holdings will no longer pay compensation to families of employees who kill themselves to discourage further suicides. Foxconn employed some 800,000 people, half of whom worked and lived in Shenzhen’s Foxconn City.
    (Reuters, 6/8/10)(Econ, 5/29/10, p.67)
2010        Jun 8, In China a couple attacked two judges and four court officers with sulphuric acid as they were attempting to seize their home in southern Guangxi province over a loan dispute.
    (AP, 6/9/10)
2010        Jun 8, A report by the European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS) charged that a consortium led by Swedish Lundin Petroleum is partly to blame for war crimes  committed in Sudan between 1997 and 2003.
    (AFP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, In Egypt Coptic Pope Shenouda rejected a court ruling that Coptic men could remarry following divorce, except in cases of separation following adultery, saying the decision was against the church's principles and reflected interference in its affairs.
    (Reuters, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, In France Maurice Dufresse, a former agent for the DGSE counterintelligence agency, was detained for questioning. The Defense Ministry had filed a complaint against Dufresse, who wrote his book "Twenty-Five Years in the Secret Services" under the pen-name Pierre Siramy. Among other things, the book describes how spies recruit sources and various espionage affairs.
    (AP, 6/10/10)
2010        Jun 8, France officially opened up its online gaming market, granting 17 licenses to 11 operators three days before the start of the soccer World Cup in South Africa. Online betting on horses, sport and poker was legalized.
    (AFP, 6/8/10)(Econ, 7/17/10, p.70)
2010        Jun 8, Hungary's new PM Victor Orban said he would cut public wages, overhaul the tax system and ban mortgage lending in foreign currencies as he strove to reassure nervous investors he can contain the budget deficit. Orban said he would introduce a flat 16 percent income tax.
    (Reuters, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, In Iraq 5 people were killed, including a policeman and a soldier, in bomb attacks and shootings in and around Baghdad.
    (AFP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, Israeli settlers clashed with police after the demolition of two shacks built in the West Bank settlement of Beit El.
    (AP, 6/9/10)
2010        Jun 8, In Mexico six inmates had their throats cut and died in a prison in Culiacan, Sinaloa state.
    (AP, 6/9/10)
2010        Jun 8, The Pakistani Taliban staged a public execution in front of hundreds of tribesmen in North Waziristan after an Islamic court convicted the man of killing two brothers.
    (AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, In the Philippines a congressional count said Benigno Aquino III won more than 15 million votes in the May election, about 5.7 million ahead of his closest opponent, ousted leader Joseph Estrada, who pledged to support him. The 50-year-old bachelor and economics graduate will officially become the nation's 15th president on June 30.
    (AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, A Russian source close to Security Council talks told reporters that UN sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program have been "completely agreed upon."
    (Reuters, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, In Russia 4 soldiers were charged with stealing bank cards belonging to an official who died in the April 10 crash that killed Poland’s Pres. Lech Kaczynski and 95 others.
    (SFC, 6/9/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 8, Singapore launched a global manhunt for Lloyd Dane Alexander, a Briton suspected of involvement in a train vandalism case that raised doubts about the security of key installations in the city state. Alexander was accused of being the accomplice of a Swiss business consultant, Oliver Fricker (32), who was on bail in Singapore. Both men could face jail, fines and caning for allegedly breaking into a protected subway depot and spray-painting elaborate graffiti on a parked train in May. On June 25 a court sentenced Fricker to five months' jail and three strokes of a cane.
    (AFP, 6/8/10)(AFP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 8, South Africa opened the continent's first high-speed rail link, just in time to whisk a mass influx of World Cup fans Cup from the country's main airport into uptown Johannesburg.
    (AFP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, A Taiwan court acquitted the island's imprisoned former Pres. Chen Shui-bian of embezzling from a special diplomatic fund. Prosecutors failed to provide evidence that Chen Shui-bian gave $330,000 to son Chen Chih-chung while he was studying in the US.
    (AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, In Thailand a drive-by bombing near a mosque wounded 23 people in the turbulent south. Police the next day called it an attack by Muslim insurgents.
    (AP, 6/9/10)
2010        Jun 8, At the Vatican groups that have long demanded that women be ordained Roman Catholic priests took advantage of the Vatican's crisis over clerical sex abuse to press their cause, demanding the Vatican open discussions on letting women join the priesthood.
    (AP, 6/8/10)
2010        Jun 8, The UN refugee agency said it is being expelled from Libya without explanation despite being responsible for thousands of refugees in the North African country. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees received a note from Libyan authorities last week ordering it to cease its work and leave the country.
    (AP, 6/8/10)

2011        Jun 8, An increasing number of Democratic and Republican members of congress called for scandal-plagued New York Representative Anthony Weiner to resign. Meanwhile, sources revealed that his wife, Huma Abedin, an aide to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, is pregnant.    
            (AP, 6/8/11)(Reuters, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, The wildfire raging in eastern Arizona, showed no signs of being under control. The blaze now spread over 607 square miles, blackening about 389,000 acres.  Authorities expressed concern that the flames could soon disrupt power lines, which would affect not only Arizona but parts of Texas and New Mexico.  
            (AP, 6/8/11)       
2011        Jun 8, At Camp Shelby, a military training base in southern Mississippi, a lightning strike hit a power pole, near the tents of Air Force Reserve cadets. Nobody was hit directly, but 77 cadets were sent to the hospital as a precaution. 
            (AP, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, Meredith Vieira ended her five year stint as co-host of the popular Today Show. The veteran newswoman is leaving television to spend more time with her husband, who suffers from multiple sclerosis. Vieira is being replaced on Today by Ann Curry.
            (AP, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, In East Palo Alto, CA, Fabian Zaragoza (17) was charged as an adult in the murder of a 3-month old baby and the wounding of the baby’s mother. Zaragoza shot at a car in which he believed he saw two gang members, who had beaten him up a few days earlier. But in a case of mistaken identity, the car belonged to a family leaving a baby shower.
            (SFC, 6/8/11)     
2011        Jun 8, By a wide margin, voters in Hercules, Ca., recalled the mayor, Joanne Ward, and a city councilman, Donald Kuehne, in a special election. Both had earned the ire of local voters for arranging unethical business deals that benefited friends and contributed to the city’s financial crisis; the two also fired a city manager who was investigating their conduct.
            (SFC, 6/8/11, p. C3)(Martinez CA News-Gazette, 6/9/11)  
2011        Jun 8, Rap music star Ja Rule (real name Jeffrey Atkins) left a NYC courthouse to begin serving a two-year prison sentence for criminal gun possession. He may also face additional jail time as a result of pleading guilty to failure to pay taxes on more than $3 million in income.
            (AP, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, In Nevada, Carolyn Goodman, wife of popular Las Vegas mayor Oscar Goodman, succeeded him in office. She was easily elected, receiving 61% of the vote. 
            (Las Vegas Sun, 6/811)(AP, 6/8/11)    
2011        Jun 8, At meetings in Vienna, Austria, OPEC failed to come to an agreement to boost oil production, as a majority of the members voted not to do so. The vote disappointed western nations, which had hoped an increase in production would help to lower high oil prices.
            (AFP, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, The government of Iran announced it planned to continue nuclear enrichment, despite opposition from other nations that worried Iran was planning to build an atomic bomb.
            (Reuters, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, In Libya Khadafy forces shelled Misrata killing 10 rebel fighters.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 8, In Pakistan Taliban fighters launched an attack at a security checkpoint in South Waziristan. 8 Pakistani soldiers and ten militants were killed in the clash. Sarfraz Shah (18), an unarmed teenager, was killed in Karachi by members of the  paramilitary Rangers. 6 Rangers were arrested in connection with the killing. On Aug 12 a court sentenced to death Shahid Zafar, the soldier who shot and killed the unarmed youth. Five other soldiers and a civilian who were present during the killing were convicted of murder and handed life sentences.
            (AP, 6/8/11)(SFC, 6/10/11, p.A5)(AP, 8/12/11)(SFC, 8/13/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 8, In Sudan an eyewitness allegedly saw 100 bodies or more put into a pit in Southern Kordofan state, where the Arab military has been targeting a black ethnic minority loyal to the military of the newly independent Republic of South Sudan. On July 14 the Satellite Sentinel Project released images showing what appeared to be freshly dug grave sites in Southern Kordofan state. In August satellite imagery revealed the existence more mass graves, bringing the total number of mass graves sited there to eight.
    (AP, 7/14/11)(AP, 8/24/11)
2011        Jun 8, Civil strife continued in Syria, as elite troops, led by President Bashar Assad’s brother Maher, were sent to the northern region of the country to crack down on anti-government rebels, who are fighting to overthrow the Assad regime.
    (AP, 6/8/11)
2011        Jun 8, Turkey’s PM Erdogan said he would scrap the ministry for women along with 7 other cabinet jobs.
    (Econ, 6/11/11, p.59)(http://tinyurl.com/3tw6omd)
2011        Jun 8, Yemeni security officials said opposition tribesmen have taken control of Taiz.
    (SFC, 6/9/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 8, In Zimbabwe a group of 19 armed men made off with one ton of gold ore, beating farm workers with hot iron bars at Chav-Chess Farm outside Kadoma.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)

2012        Jun 8, US federal regulators approved pertuzumab (Perjeta), a new, less toxic breast cancer drug made by Genentech.
    (SFC, 6/9/12, p.A6)
2012        Jun 8,  Pentagon statistics showed that 154 suicides for active-duty troops in the first 155 days of the year far outdistance the US forces killed in action in Afghanistan — about 50 percent more.
    (AP, 6/8/12)
2012        Jun 8, In NYC Christopher “Dudus" Coke of Jamaica was sentenced to 23 years in prison for drug trafficking.
    (SFC, 6/9/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 8, In Afghanistan NATO commander General John Allen flew to Logar province "to see local leaders and the population to apologize and offer condolences to the families," of those killed in a June 6 airstrike.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)
2012        Jun 8, In Britain 6 men were handed jail sentences for running a website, Confidential Access, that earned millions of pounds by selling fake documents and coaching fraudsters in how to conduct successful scams. Two masterminds ran the site from villas in Alicante in Spain while associates in Britain created fake documents including bank statements, pay slips, driving licenses and bills.
    (AFP, 6/9/12)
2012        Jun 8, China’s central bank cut its benchmark deposit and lending rates to help stimulate the economy.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.81)
2012        Jun 8, In Egypt a mob of hundreds of men assaulted women holding a march demanding an end to sexual harassment, with the attackers overwhelming the male guardians and groping and molesting several of the female marchers in Cairo's Tahrir Square.
    (AP, 6/8/12)
2012        Jun 8, In Gabon 2 leading activists and some 40 others were arrested as they tried to hold a "Counter-Forum of Indignants" alongside the New York Forum Africa opening today in Libreville. Marc Ona, an award-winning environmental activist, and Gregory Ngbwa Mintsa, spokesman of Gabon's Indignants' Front, were detained before their event could kick off.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)
2012        Jun 8, In Iraq gunmen opened fire on the car of a colonel in the civil defense forces, killing him and his wife and wounding their three children in western Baghdad. Assailants in Baghdad also killed an aide to Qusai al-Suhail, the deputy speaker of parliament. An Iraqi soldier was killed and four were wounded by a roadside bomb in Bala Ruz.
    (AP, 6/8/12)
2012        Jun 8, In the Ivory Coast 7 UN peacekeepers from Niger were killed in an ambush. They had been patrolling in an area between two villages after hearing rumors of an imminent attack on communities in the region. At least 8 civilians were also killed. Deputy defense minister Paul Koffi Koffi said the attackers had crossed over from neighboring Liberia, adding that two Ivorian soldiers and at least one civilian may also have been killed.
    (AFP, 6/9/12)
2012        Jun 8, Lebanese politician, diplomat, and press baron Ghassan Tueni (b.1926) died in hospital.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)
2012        Jun 8, Lesotho's new PM Thomas Thabane (72) was sworn in after his coalition government unseated former leader Pakalitha Mosisili in the kingdom's first peaceful transition.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)
2012        Jun 8, Malawi's finance minister said civil servants will receive an average 21-percent pay increase, as he presented the country's $1-billion (820-million euro) budget. The state said it will also recruit 16,000 schoolteachers.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)
2012        Jun 8, Mali's Tuareg rebels clashed overnight with their former Islamist allies, after the two groups fell out over forming a breakaway state in the northern desert region they control.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)
2012        Jun 8, In western Myanmar 7 people were killed in religious clashes, where police opened fire and the authorities declared a curfew to tackle the escalating unrest. Rohingya rioted in Maungdaw township killing 10 Buddhists and torching over 460 Buddhist homes. This was in reaction to a Buddhist attack on Muslim pilgrims in southern Rakhine sparked by rumors of a gang rape by Muslim men. In the following months security forces, according to villagers, beat Rohingya, looted valuables and raped women.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)(AP, 6/9/12)(SFC, 11/28/13, p.A24)
2012        Jun 8, In Nigeria a suicide blast outside police headquarters in Maiduguri killed 8 people and wounded others. Hours earlier a suspected bomber died when an explosive went off prematurely in another part of the city. Gunmen also shot dead a police constable outside his house in Boriya district on the outskirts of Potiskum. A nearby drug vendor, also hit and injured by the attackers' bullet, died later.
    (AP, 6/8/12)(AFP, 6/9/12)
2012        Jun 8, In northwestern Pakistan a bomb tore through a police bus carrying government employees and other civilians, killing 19 people near Peshawar. The bus was rented by the government to take staff home after work in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
    (AFP, 6/8/12)(SFC, 6/9/12, p.A3)
2012        Jun 8, Russia’s Pres. Putin signed into law a measure that will impose heavy fines on people who organize or take part in unsanctioned demonstrations.
    (SFC, 6/9/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 8, Syrian troops heavily shelled a rebel-held neighborhood in the central city of Homs as the military appeared to be readying to storm the area. State-run media said armed "terrorist groups" attacked military units charged with protecting al-Omar oil field of al-Furat Oil Company in the oil-rich city of Deir Ezzor province. SANA also said a car bomb in the Damascus suburb of Qudsaya killed 3 policemen, while another explosion in the northern city of Idlib killed 2 soldiers and 3 civilians. In Daraa at least 17 civilians were killed in the shelling. Troops clashed with rebels from the Free Syrian Army in the Kfar Souseh district of Damascus in fierce fighting sparked when the armed fighters attacked a military checkpoint in the area.
    (AP, 6/8/12)(AP, 6/9/12)
2012        Jun 8, In Yemen Al-Qaeda militants killed two soldiers in Yemen's Abyan province, prompting troops to shell jihadist positions and kill nine extremists.
    (AFP, 6/9/12)

2013        Jun 8, In Nevada officials of Lake Mead urged people to avoid the Overton Arm of the lake following the appearance of a mysterious brown foam over an 8-mile area.
    (SFC, 6/12/13, p.A5)
2013        Jun 8, In eastern Afghanistan a man in an Afghan army uniform turned his weapon on American trainers working with him in Paktika province, killing 3 of them. An attacker with a grenade killed an Italian soldier in Farah province.
    (AP, 6/8/13)
2013        Jun 8, Australian authorities said a boat carrying up to 60 asylum seekers has capsized in the Indian Ocean near Christmas Island. 13 bodies were so far recovered with no survivors.
    (SSFC, 6/9/13, p.A6)
2013        Jun 8, In Germany more than 80,000 emergency personnel including firefighters and soldiers were on duty, working aggressively to contain the most dramatic floods in Germany in a decade. 20 people reportedly have already died in the floods across central Europe.
    (AP, 6/8/13)
2013        Jun 8, In Iraq 2 car bombs, one in a Baghdad Shiite neighborhood and the other targeting a police convoy in Mosul, killed five people.
    (AP, 6/8/13)
2013        Jun 8, In Libya clashes broke out between protesters and militias aligned with the military in Benghazi. 35 people were killed and dozens wounded. Some 200 protesters were demanding that militias leave their camp and submit to the full authority of Libya's security forces. The clashes prompted Army Chief of Staff Maj. Gen. Youssef al-Mangoush to resign the next day.
    (AP, 6/9/13)(Econ, 6/15/13, p.48)
2013        Jun 8, Pakistan's new government summoned a top US envoy to lodge a protest over a June 7 US drone strike, suggesting that PM Nawaz Sharif's team fully intends to make good on its promise to aggressively push for an end to such strikes.
    (AP, 6/8/13)
2013        Jun 8, Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir ordered the closure of pipelines exporting South Sudanese oil. Al-Bashir said that the move was in response to South Sudan's funding of rebels fighting his regime.
    (AP, 6/8/13)
2013        Jun 8, In Syria car bomb exploded in a neighborhood outside of Homs, largely populated by Alawites, the Shiite offshoot sect that dominates the regime, killing 8 people including 3 women and a teenager.
    (AP, 6/8/13)
2013        Jun 8, Hassan Aboud, leader of the Syrian Islamic Front, revealed his name in an interview with Al Jazeera. His coalition of fighters was said to number 10-20 thousand fighters.
    (Econ, 7/20/13, p.45)
2013        Jun 8, In Turkey police in Ankara fired tear gas and used water cannons to disperse thousands of people protesting near government buildings. Pro- and anti-government protesters also clashed in Adana.
    (AP, 6/9/13)
2013        Jun 8, In Yemen Judith Spiegel, a Dutch journalist, was kidnapped along with her partner Boudewijn Berendsen. Both were reported released on Dec 10.
    (AFP, 12/10/13)

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