Today in History - June 11

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1184 BC    Jun 11, Greeks finally captured Troy. [see 1150BCE]
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1488        Jun 11, James III, king of Scotland, died in the battle of Sauchieburn, Scotland.
    (SC, 6/11/02)(PC, 1992, p.157)

1509        Jun 11, England's King Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon.
    (AP, 6/11/97)(HN, 6/11/98)
1509        Jun 11, In Italy troops of Florence took Pisa.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1517        Jun 11, Sir Thomas Pert reached Hudson Bay.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1567        Jun 11, At Borthwick Castle a thousand Scottish nobles cornered Mary, Queen of Scots, who fled the castle by jumping out the window, disguised as a pageboy. The nobles cornered the newly-wed Mary and her third husband, the dubious James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell. They demanded Bothwell's head and Mary’s renunciation of the Earl and his influence. Bothwell, a suspect in the murder of Queen Mary’s second husband, Lord Darnley, just a few months before, fled the castle’s sheltering 110-foot towers and the asylum offered by the 6th Lord Borthwick, leaving his wife and queen behind.
    (HNQ, 4/13/01)

1572        Jun 11, Ben Jonson (d.1637), English playwright and poet, was born. "Very few men are wise by their own counsel; or learned by their own teaching. For he that was only taught by himself, had a fool to his master."
    (AP, 1/4/98)(HN, 6/11/01)

1675        Jun 11, France and Poland formed an alliance.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1769        Jun 11, Anne Newport Royall, American newspaper reporter, was born.
    (HN, 6/11/01)

1685        Jun 11, James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, rebelled against Catholic king James II.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1690        Jun 11, English king William III departed to Ireland.
    (PC, 1992, p.265)

1719        Jun 11, Scottish rebels, aided by Spanish troops, who are defeated at Glenshiels surrendered.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1727        Jun 11, George I died on a journey to Hanover. George II became king of England.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_I_of_Great_Britain)

1741        Jun 11, Austria ceded most of Silesia to Prussia by Treaty of Breslau.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1770        Jun 11, Capt. James Cook, commander of the British ship Endeavour, discovered the Great Barrier Reef off Australia by running onto it.
    (AP, 6/11/97)(HN, 6/11/98)

1776        Jun 11, John Constable (d.1837), English landscape painter (Hay Wain), was born.
    (SFC, 4/29/97, p.B5)(SC, 6/11/02)
1776        Jun 11, A committee to draft the document of Independence met. John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston, Roger Sherman and Thomas Jefferson were the members. They immediately delegated the writing to Adams and Jefferson, and Adams gave it over to Jefferson. The events were later documented by Pauline Maier in her 1997 book: “American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence."
    (Civil., Jul-Aug., '95, p.60)(AP, 6/11/97)(SFEC, 6/29/97, BR p.5)

1788        Jun 11, The 1st British ship to be built on Pacific coast was begun at Nootka Sound, BC.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1798        Jun 11, Napoleon Bonaparte took the island of Malta.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1823        Jun 11, Major General James L. Kemper (d.1895), Confederate hero, was born. He fought at the battles of Williamsburg and Gettysburg.
    (HN, 6/11/99)

1847        Jun 11, Dame Millicent Garrett Fawcett, leader of English women's movement, was born.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1847        Jun 11, A written record was found in 1859, indicating that Sir John Franklin died on this day, and that Erebus and Terror were abandoned in April 1848. The crews' deaths have been attributed to either scurvy or lead poisoning originating from the solder on food tins. Both ships and the remains of most of the 129 crewmen have never been found. After commissioning three unsuccessful search expeditions, the British Admiralty posted a reward for anyone who could ascertain the fate of the crewmen of the HMS Erebus and Terror, who had sailed from England in May 1845 to navigate through the Arctic and find the elusive Northwest passage. Success was anticipated with Franklin commanding well-equipped crews and ships, but by 1847, the British Admiralty had received no reports of Franklin. Subsequent expeditions found evidence of the Franklin Expedition. Three graves dug into the permafrost were discovered in 1850 on Devon Island, their headstones dated 1846. In 2010 Anthony Brandt authored “The Man Who Ate His Boots: The Tragic History of the Search for the Northwest Passage." The book pivoted around explorer John Franklin (1786-1847).
    (HNQ, 6/11/98)(HN, 6/11/99)(ON, 11/03, p.12)(SFC, 4/9/10, p.F6)

1850        Jun 11, Cardinal Franzoni told Rev. Joseph Sadoc Alemany, a Dominican missionary who had worked in the Midwest frontier, that he was appointed the new bishop of Monterey, Ca.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A22)

1851        Jun 11, San Francisco vigilantes lynched John Jenkins (aka John Simpton) on Portsmouth Square for stealing a safe. He was part of contingent of ex-con Australians known as the Sidney Ducks.
    (SFC, 6/1/13, p.C1)

1859        Jun 11, Comstock silver load was discovered near Virginia City, Nevada. Prospector James Finney stumbled across thick, bluish clay in western Nevada. A fellow minor, Henry Comstock, gave his name to the lode, the most lucrative silver ore mine in history. Ott’s Assay Office in Nevada City, Ca., first assayed samples of the rich Comstock Lode of Nevada. Four Irishmen known as the Bonanza Kings bought up shares in the Comstock mines and became rich. They were John Mackay, James Fair, James Flood, and William O’Brian. Ore from the Comstock lode was hauled by horse-drawn wagon over Donner Pass to SF.
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, p.T6)(SFC, 4/14/96, T-3)(SFC, 5/19/96,City Guide, p.17)(RFH-MDHP, 1969, p.107)(SC, 6/11/02)
1859        Jun 11, Prince Metternich (b.1773), Austrian diplomat and statesman, died in Vienna.
    (WUD, 1994 ed., p.903)(Internet)

1861        Jun 11, Union forces under General George B. McClellen repulsed a Confederate force at Rich Mountain in Western Virginia.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1864        Jun 11, Gen. Wade Hampton (1818-1902) led a company of Citadel cadets at the battle of Trevilian Station in Virginia.
    (WSJ, 6/7/08, p.W9)(http://civilwarcavalry.com/?p=207)
1864        Jun 11, Richard Strauss (d.1949), German orchestra conductor and composer, was born. His work included “Daphne" and “Ariadne auf Naxos," (1912).
    (CFA, '96, p.48)(WUD, 1994, p.1405)

1865        Jun 11, Major General Henry W. Halleck found documents and archives of the Confederate government in Richmond, Virginia. This discovery led to the publication of the official war records.
    (HN, 6/11/99)

1867        Jun 11, Charles Fabry, found ozone layer in upper atmosphere, was born.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1876        Jun 11, A.L. Kroeber, anthropologist, textbook author, was born in Hoboken, NJ.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1880        Jun 11, Jeannette Rankin, Congresswoman from Montana, the first woman in Congress who also voted against U.S. participation in both world wars, was born.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1883        Jun 11, Frank O. King, "Gasoline Alley" cartoonist, was born in Cashton, Wisc.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1886        Jun 11, David Steinman, bridge designer (Hudson, Triborough), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1891        Jun 11, A. Charlois discovered asteroid #311 Claudia.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1891        Jun 11, Portugal assigned Barotseland, now in Zambia, to Britain and Nyasaland becomes a British protectorate.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
 
1895        Jun 11, Nikolai A. Bulganin, premier of the Soviet Union (1955-1958), was born.
    (HN, 6/11/99)
1895        Jun 11, The 1st auto race was held.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1895        Jun 11, Charles E. Duryea received the first U.S. patent granted to an American inventor for a gasoline-driven automobile.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1896        Jun 11, US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota, was authorized.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1898        Jun 11, Emperor Kuang-Hsu of China began 100 days of Reform in effort to modernize China, but conservative forces soon squelch the attempt.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1899        Jun 11, Yasonari Kawabata (d.1972), Japanese novelist (Thousand Cranes)(Nobel 1968), was born in Osaka.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1900        Jun 11, Lawrence E Spivak, news panelist (Meet the Press), was born in Brooklyn, NY.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1900        Jun 11, Belle Boyd (b.1844), former Confederate spy, died in Wisconsin. Her 1865 autobiography was titled “Belle Boyd in Camp and Prison." In 1944 Louis Sigaud authored “Belle Boyd: Confederate Spy."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belle_Boyd)(ON, 4/10, p.3)(http://tinyurl.com/27holn6)

1901        Jun 11, Cook Islands were annexed & proclaimed a part of New Zealand.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1903        Jun 11, The San Francisco Board of Supervisors enacted Section 538 of the Police Code forbidding youngsters under 21 from congregating in groups between 8 p.m. and daylight the following morning. On Nov 13, 1962, Municipal Judge Leland Lazarus ruled Section 538 unconstitutional.
    (SSFC, 11/11/12, DB p.46)
1903        Jun 11, King Alexander and Queen Draga of Belgrade were assassinated by 28 members of the Serbian army. The remains of their corpses were thrown out of a palace window. Peter Karageorgevic was later elected to replace him.
    (AP, 6/11/03)(Econ, 3/29/14, p.90)

1904        Jun 11, German General Lothar von Trotha arrived in SW Africa (later Namibia) to take over from the colonial Governor, Theodor Leutwein, the direction of a campaign to quell a native uprising.
    (www.umich.edu/news/MT/NewsE/10_05/steinmetz.html)

1905        Jun 11, Pennsylvania Railroad debuted the fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs).
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1907        Jun 11, Paul Mellon (d.1999), art lover, horse breeder (1964 Gold Baton), and philanthropist, was born to Andrew W. Mellon and Nora McMullen. Andrew Mellon was a financier and longtime secretary of the treasury. Mellon donations created the Yale Center for British Art, the Bollingen Prize for poetry, and the National Gallery of Art in Washington.
    (SFC, 2/3/99, p.A22)(SC, 6/11/02)

1910        Jun 11, Carmine Coppola (d.1991), composer, conductor (Godfather II, Apocalypse Now), was born.
    (Internet)
1910        Jun 11, Jacques Cousteau (d.1997), pioneer sea explorer, was born in Saint-Andre-de-Cubzac, France. He invented the aqualung and wrote "The Living Sea."
    (SFC, 6/6/97, p.A7)(HN, 6/11/99)

1913        Jun 11, Vince Lombardi, National Football League coach, was born. He coached the Green Bay Packers who won the first Super Bowl.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1914        Jun 11, Gerald Mohr, actor (Christopher-Foreign Intrigue), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1915        Jun 11, British troops took Cameroon in Africa.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1919        Jun 11, Richard Todd Ireland, actor (Dorian Gray, Assassin Yangtze Incident), was born.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1919        Jun 11, Sir Barton won the Belmont Stakes, becoming horse racing's first Triple Crown winner.
    (AP, 6/11/97)

1920        Jun 11, Robert Hutton, actor (Torture Garden, Rocket), was born in Kingston, NY.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1920        Jun 11, Hazel Scott, singer, pianist (Hazel Scott), was born in Trinidad.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1920        Jun 11, The US Republican Senate bosses gathered in rooms 408 & 410 of the Blackstone Hotel in Chicago and selected Sen. Warren Harding to break a deadlock. Harding, disregarding his mistress of four years, Nan Britton, declared himself to be of good character. The Republicans nominated Warren G. Harding at the Blackstone Hotel in Chicago. Britton later wrote a book, "The President’s Daughter," about their relations and claimed that she bore his daughter. Harding had another mistress named Carrie Phillips. In 1999 Martin Blinder published his novel "Fluke" based on Harding's political career and presidency.
    (WSJ, 8/26/96, p.A12)(Hem, 8/96, p.84)(SFC, 2/5/98, p.A8)(SFEC, 5/2/99, BR p.8)

1922        Jun 11, John Bromfield, actor (Easy to Love), was born in South Bend, In.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1922        Jun11, Michael Cacoyannis, director (Zorba the Greek, Trojan Women), was born.
    (Internet)
1922        Jun 11, The documentary film “Nanook of the North," shot in subarctic Quebec (1920-1921) by Robert Flaherty, premiered in NYC.
    (ON, 2/03, p.11)

1925        Jun 11, William Styron, American novelist (The Confessions of Nat Turner, Sophie's Choice), was born in Va.
    (HN, 6/11/01)

1926        Jun 11, Carlisle Floyd, composer (Slow Dusk), was born in Latta, SC.
    (Internet)

1929        Jun 11, G. Neujmin discovered asteroid #1147 Stavropolis.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1930        Jun 11, William Beebe, of the New York Zoological Society, in a diving chamber called a bathysphere, dived to a record-setting depth of 1,426 feet off the coast of Bermuda.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1932        Jun 11, Athol Fugard, playwright, director, actor and novelist, was born in Middelburg, South Africa as Harold Athol Lanigan Fugard. As a child he was known as Hally before he decided he wanted to be called Athol.
    (www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=1651)(HN, 6/11/01)
1932        Jun 11, E. Delporte discovered asteroid #1222 Tina.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1933        Jun 11, Jud Strunk, singer, comedian (Laugh-In), was born in Jamestown, NY.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1934        Jun 11, The Disarmament Conference in Geneva ended in failure.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1935        Jun 11, Gene Wilder, actor (Young Frankenstein, Silver Streak), was born in Milwaukee.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1936        Jun 11, Chad Everett, actor (Medical Center, Airplane II), was born in South Bend, In.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1936        Jun 11, Presbyterian Church of America was founded at Philadelphia.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1937        Jun 11, Johnny Brown, comedian (Good Times, Leslie Uggams), was born in St Petersburg, Fla.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1937        Jun 11, Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" was released.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1937        Jun 11, Reginald Joseph Mitchell (b.1895), British aeronautical engineer and chief designer of the Spitfire fighter, died of cancer.
    (ON, 3/07, p.2)

1939        Jun 11, King & Queen of England tasted their 1st "hot dogs" at FDR's party.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1940        Jun 11, Joey Dee, actor (Hey Let's Twist, 2 Tickets to Paris), was born in Passaic, NJ.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1940        Jun 11, Princess Juliana of the Netherlands arrived in Canada as an exile.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
1940        Jun 11, The German invasion of France was under way and the British had been forced to abandon their defense of northwestern France and Belgium at Dunkirk.
    (WSJ, 4/29/96, p.C-1)
1940        Jun 11, The Italian Air Force bombed the British fortress at Malta in the Mediterranean.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1942        Jun 11, The United States and the Soviet Union signed a lend-lease agreement to aid the Soviet war effort in World War II.
    (AP, 6/11/97)

1943        Jun 11, The Italian island of Pantelleria surrendered after a heavy air bombardment.
    (HN, 6/11/98)

1944        Jun 11, James "Ox" D A Van Hoften, astronaut (STS 41C, STS 51I), was born in Fresno, Calif.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1944        Jun 11, The 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, was established in NYC.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1944        Jun 11, U.C. carrier-based planes attacked Japanese airfields on Guam, Rota, Saipan and Tinian islands, preparing for the invasion of Saipan.
    (HN, 6/11/99)

1945        Jun 11, Adrienne Barbeau, wife of John Carpenter, actress (Maude, Swamp Thing), was born.
    (SC, 6/11/02) 

1947        Jun 11, The government announced the end of household and institutional sugar rationing, to take effect the next day. It began May 28, 1942.
    (AP, 6/11/97)

1951        Jun 11, Mozambique became an oversea province of Portugal.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1955        Jun 11, The 1st jet magnesium airplane was flown.
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1955        Jun 11, In Le Mans, France, a Mercedes-Benz racer crashed killing its driver and some 81 spectators. Pierre Levegh’s car hit the bank by the grandstand and immediately exploded. Parts of the wreckage were blown into the enclosure, killing scores of mostly-French spectators. Levegh was speeding down the straightaway in front of the pits when he clipped an Austin-Healey driven by British driver Lance Macklin.
    (WSJ, 7/7/04, p.D10)(http://tinyurl.com/69g9e)

1956        Jun 11, Ray Nagin, later mayor of New Orleans, was born in New Orleans.
    (WSJ, 1/10/06, p.A4)

1957        Jun 11, 12 died in a train crash in Vroman, Colo.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1959        Jun 11, Postmaster General banned D.H. Lawrence's book, “Lady Chatterley's Lover." Charles Rembar (d.2000 at 85) began a 7-year fight against obscenity laws when he contested the US postmaster general’s ban on Lady Chatterley’s Lover. In 1968 Rembar authored “The End of Obscenity." In 1980 he authored a history of American law: “The Law of the Land."
    (SFC, 10/28/00, p.A25)(SC, 6/11/02)

1960        Jun 11, In Pakistan a house packed with wedding celebrants collapsed killing 30.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1961        Jun 11, Norm Cash became the 1st Detroit Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1962        Jun 11, Frank Lee Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin escaped from Alcatraz and disappeared into the SF Bay. Their fate was never resolved. The 1979 film “Escape From Alcatraz" with Clint Eastwood was based on this event.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A20)(SFEC, 3/8/98, p.W38)(SFC, 12/1/98, pA3)

1963        Jun 11, JFK said segregation is morally wrong & that it is "time to act."
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1963        Jun 11, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was arrested in Florida for trying to integrate restaurants.
    (HN, 6/11/98)
1963        Jun 11, Federal troops were used to force Alabama Gov. George Wallace to accept black students, Vivian Malone Jones and James Wood, at the Univ. of Alabama. In 1996 George Wallace apologized in a formal ceremony.
    (WSJ, 5/13/96, p.A-16)(SFC, 10/11/96, p.A3)
1963        Jun 11, Greek Premier Constantine Caramanlis resigned in protest of King Paul's state visit to Britain.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
1963        Jun 11, Buddhist monk Quang Duc immolated himself on a Saigon street to protest the government of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem.
    (AP, 6/11/97)(www.buddhistinformation.com/self_immolation.htm)

1966            Jun 11, The musical "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever" closed at the Mark Hellinger in NYC after 280 performances. It had opened on October 17, 1965.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=3255)
1966        Jun 11, Wallace Ford (68), actor (The Deputy), died.
    (SC, 6/11/02)

1967        Jun 11, There was a race riot in Tampa Florida and the National Guard was mobilized. Martin Chambers (19) was suspected of robbing a camera store. Chambers ran from police near Nebraska and Harrison Streets and was shot in the back and died. Several days of riots around Central Avenue followed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tampa_Riots)
1967        Jun 11, Israel and Syria accepted a UN cease-fire. The UN brokered a cease-fire between Israel and the defeated Egypt, Syria, and Jordan, ending the Six-Day War with Israel occupying the Sinai, West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. Israel annexed the largely Arab East Jerusalem, which included the Old City, and has since ringed it with Jewish neighborhoods.
    (HN, 6/11/98)(AP, 6/11/03)(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)

1969        Jun 11, David Bowie released "Space Oddity."
    (SC, 6/11/02)
1969        Jun 11, John L. Lewis (b.1880), American labor organizer, died. He was the driving force behind the 1935 formation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_L._Lewis)
1969        Jun 11, Soviet and Chinese troops clashed on Sinkiang border.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1970        Jun 11, The United States presence in Libya came to an end as the last detachment left Wheelus Air Base.
    (AP, 6/11/00)
1970        Jun 11, Frank Laubach, Christian Evangelical missionary, died. In 1935, while working at a remote location in the Philippines, he developed the "Each One Teach One" literacy program. It has since been used to teach about 60 million people to read in their own language.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Laubach)
1970        Jun 11, Frank Silvera (b.1914), actor, died. He was accidentally electrocuted in his home. At the time he was appearing on the TV series “High Chaparral."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Silvera)
1970        Jun 11, Palestinian guerrillas and King Hussein's army signed a truce in Jordan after week of heavy clashes.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
1970        Jun 11, Alexander F. Kerensky (b.1881), Russian premier (1917), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Kerensky)

1974        Jun 11, Georgann Hawkins, Bundy victim, disappeared from UW, in Seattle, Wash.
    (www.charleyproject.org/cases/h/hawkins_georgeann.html)

1975        Jun 11, Australia’s Racial Discrimination Act became law under Australia's multicultural policy to protect minorities against intolerance. It is not enforced by prison sentences or fines, but enables judges to make orders to correct breaches.
    (AP, 9/28/11)(www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/C2004C06314)

1977        Jun 11, ELO’s "Telephone Line" reached #7 in the US, giving the band its first gold single.
    (http://private.peterlink.ru/vlad/dates70.htm)
1977        Jun 11, Seattle Slew (d.2002 at 28) won the Belmont Stakes, capturing the Triple Crown.
    (AP, 6/11/97)(WSJ, 5/8/02, p.A1)
1977        Jun 11, A 20-day hostage drama in the Netherlands ended as Dutch marines stormed a train and a school held by South Moluccan extremists. Six gunmen and two hostages on the train were killed.
    (AP, 6/11/97)

1978        Jun 11, Joseph Freeman Jr. became the first black priest ordained in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
    (AP, 6/11/98)
1978        Jun 11, Texas Instruments announced the first single-chip speech synthesizer.
    (www.datamath.org/Speech_IC.htm)   

1979        Jun 11, Actor John Wayne died of cancer at age 72. He was born as Marion Morrison in Iowa. His 1973 album "America, Why I Love Her" was re-released. The words were co-written with John Mitchum (d.2001). In 2014 Scott Eyman authored “John Wayne: The Life and Legend."
    (SFEC, 11/3/96, Z1 p.2)(SFEC, 11/17/96, Par p.2)(SFEC, 2/23/97, BR p.1)(AP, 6/11/97)(SFC, 12/3/01, p.A17)(Econ, 4/19/14, p.75)

1980        Jun 11, E. Bowell discovered asteroid #2531 Cambridge.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_asteroids/2501%E2%80%932600)

1981        Jun 11, Earthquake in southeast Iran killed at least 1,500 people.
    (SFC, 3/21/98, p.A9)(AP, 6/11/03)

1982        Jun 11, Movie "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial" was released in the US and became the highest grossing film to date.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.T._the_Extra-Terrestrial)
1982        Jun 11, In Michigan Eve August (24), a law intern, was fatally shot at a law office in Detroit’s Buhl Building. Robert Harrington, a disgruntled insurance salesman, demanded a check he hadn't received. When he didn't like the reply, he started shooting in a 90-minute rampage that left August dead and dozens injured from gunfire or the fire that followed.
    (SFC, 10/30/13, p.A9)(www.legalnews.com/detroit/1350541)
1982        Jun 11, Mauritius became the 1st African country to vote an opposition party into office. Anerood Jugnauth (b.1930) became prime minister.
    (www.eisa.org.za/WEP/mau1982results.htm)(SFC, 6/24/96, p.A8)(Econ, 9/27/03, p.46)

1985        Jun 11, Karen Ann Quinlan (31), the comatose patient whose case prompted a historic right-to-die court decision, died in Morris Plains, N.J.
    (AP, 6/11/97)

1986        Jun 11, A divided Supreme Court struck down a Pennsylvania abortion law, while reaffirming its 1973 decision establishing a constitutional right to abortion.
    (AP, 6/11/97)

1987        Jun 11, Margaret Thatcher became the first British prime minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term of office as her Conservatives held onto a reduced majority in Parliament.
    (AP, 6/11/97)(HN, 6/11/98)

1988        Jun 11, Preakness winner Risen Star captured the Belmont Stakes with a time second only to its father, thoroughbred legend Secretariat.
    (AP, 6/11/98)
1988        Jun 11, Nathan Cook (b.1950), TV actor (Hotel), died of an allergic reaction.
    (www.tv.com/nathan-cook/person/38728/summary.html)
1988        Jun 11, Giuseppe Saragat (89), president of Italy (1964-71), died.
    (www.britannica.com/eb/article-9065724)

1989        Jun 11, The government of China issued a warrant for the arrest of dissident physicist Fang Lizhi (1936-2012), who had taken refuge inside the US Embassy in Beijing. Fang and his wife were allowed to go into exile.
    (AP, 6/11/99)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.106)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fang_Lizhi)

1990        Jun 11, A federal judge sentenced former national security adviser John M. Poindexter to six months in prison for making false statements to Congress about the Iran-Contra affair. However, Poindexter’s convictions were later overturned.
    (AP, 6/11/00)
1990        Jun 11, The US Supreme Court struck down a federal law prohibiting desecration of the American flag.
    (AP, 6/11/00)
1990        Jun 11, The UN appoints Olivia Newton-John as its 1st Goodwill Ambassador to the Environment.
    (http://hometown.aol.com/author31/discov.htm)

1991        Jun 11, President Bush authorized $1.5 billion in agricultural credit guarantees for the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 6/11/01)
1991        Jun 11, Actress Julia Roberts and actor Kiefer Sutherland called off their wedding three days before it was to have taken place.
    (AP, 6/11/01)
1991        Jun 11, Microsoft released MS DOS 5.0.
    (http://tinyurl.com/rkbnf)
1991        Jun 11, The half-nude body of Jessica McHenry (14) of Livermore, Ca., was found strangled and burning on Tesla Rd. In 2007 Derick Moncada (35) hanged himself at Kern Valley State Prison after being confronted with DNA evidence that linked him to her murder. Moncada was serving time for other crimes.
    (SFC, 4/28/04, p.B1)(SFC, 3/20/07, p.B1)

1992        Jun 11, President Bush's stopover in Panama en route to the Earth Summit in Brazil was disrupted when riot police fired tear gas at protesters, preventing Bush from speaking at a rally praising the revival of democracy in Panama.
    (AP, 6/11/97)
1992        Jun 11, Baseball owners approved the sale of Seattle Mariners to a Japanese group.
    (www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/S/Seattle_Mariners.stm)

1993        Jun 11, The Steven Spielberg movie "Jurassic Park" opened.
    (AP, 6/11/98)
1993        Jun 11, The US Supreme Court ruled that people who commit "hate crimes" motivated by bigotry may be sentenced to extra punishment; the court also ruled religious groups have a constitutional right to sacrifice animals in worship services.
    (AP, 6/11/98)
1993        Jun 11, In San Pablo, Ca., the body of Mueylin Saechao was found half naked in the backyard of her boyfriend’s home. In 2015 DNA evidence linked William Huff (51) to her murder and another in Berkeley’s Tilden Park in 1987.
    (SFC, 4/8/15, p.F1)
1993        Jun 11, North Korea pulled Asia back from the brink of a possible nuclear arms race by reversing its decision to withdraw from a treaty preventing spread of nuclear weapons.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
1993        Jun 11, United Nations forces launched a nighttime attack against the forces of Somali warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
    (AP, 6/11/98)

1994        Jun 11, The United States, South Korea and Japan agreed to seek punitive steps against North Korea over its nuclear program.
    (AP, 6/11/99)
1994        Jun 11, Jack Hannah (90), animator (The Flintstones), died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0360286/)
1994        Jun 11, A car bomb blew up outside a luxury hotel in Guadalajara, Mexico, killing five people in an apparently drug-related attack.
    (AP, 6/11/99)
1994        Jun 11, Mattias Flink (b.1970), a Swedish army lieutenant went berserk and killed 7 people. Flink was placed in the Norrköping prison but was subsequently moved to Beateberg prison outside of Stockholm.
    (SFEC, 8/23/98, p.A26)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mattias_Flink)

1995        Jun 11, In an unprecedented joint appearance, President Clinton and House Speaker Newt Gingrich sparred politely over Medicare and other issues before an audience of senior citizens in Claremont, New Hampshire.
    (AP, 6/11/00)
1995        Jun 11, A bomb exploded at an outdoor music festival in Medellin, Colombia, spraying shrapnel that killed at least 28 people and wounded more than 200 others. [see Jun 10]
    (AP, 6/11/03)

1996        Jun 11, Closing a congressional career that had lasted 3 1/2 decades, Bob Dole said goodbye to the Senate to begin in earnest his campaign for the presidency.
    (AP, 6/11/97)
1996        Jun 11, Five American Indian leaders sued the federal government after it was learned that the Bureau of Indian Affairs could not account for about 15% of an estimated $450 million held for some 300,000 Indians.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A12)
1996        Jun 11, Lightning struck a tank and started a blaze of 3 million gallons of gas at a Shell Oil storage facility in Woodbridge, N.J.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.A3)
1996        Jun 11, Federal agents arrested 3 leaders and 15 members of the Genovese organized crime family in New York.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.A3)
1996        Jun 11, Scientists reported the discovery of a new planet near the star Lalande 21185, the 4th closest star to Earth, 8.1 light-years away. The nearest is Proxima Centauri at 4.2 light-years. Analysis of the data indicates that the planet is about the size of Jupiter and revolves around its star every 30-35 years.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.A3)
1996        Jun 11, A trade pact between the European Union and Algeria was passed along with an agreement to provide $3.6 million to help pay for elections in Bosnia.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A15)
1996        Jun 11, Formosa Plastic Group of Taiwan led by Y.C. Wang was planning to build 6 thermal power plants in the coastal province of Fujian in China for an investment of $3.8 bil.
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 11, A rusty Russian freighter carrying hundreds of Liberian refugees remained at sea after Ghana refused to let it dock.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A16)
1996        Jun 11, A Chilean-based fruit company signed a letter of intent to purchase Fresh Del Monte Produce NV for $534 mil. A subsidiary of United Trading Company Desarollo & Comercio SA of Santiago signed the letter. Mr. Cabal, a banker accused in a massive self-lending scheme who fled Mexico in 1994, remains a minority shareholder through a Netherlands Antilles fund called Trumpet Vine where he and the state-owned development bank, Nacional Financiera SA, placed an 8.5% equity stake in 1992.
    (WSJ, 6/12/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 11, S. Korea pledged $3 mil in aid to N. Korea.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 11, A convoy of Chechen rebel leaders was blasted by remote control bombs while returning after negotiations with Russian counterparts.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 11, A bomb ripped through a Moscow subway and killed 12 people.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.A8)
1996        Jun 11, Vietnamese Deputy Foreign Minister Le Mai (1940-1996) died. He was a junior member of the team that negotiated US withdrawal in 1973 and chief architect of the recent campaign for diplomatic relations with the US.   
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.A25)

1997        Jun 11, Pres. Clinton announced that the US would only support Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic for NATO membership for now.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A14)
1997        Jun 11, The parents of Timothy McVeigh pleaded for their son's life during the penalty phase of the Oklahoma City bombing trial.
    (AP, 6/11/98)
1997        Jun 11, In Cambodia Pol Pot ordered the killing of the former Khmer Rouge defense minister Son Sen (67) and his powerful wife, Yun Yat (63), and 9 relatives.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.A1)
1997        Jun 11, The leaders of the militias ravaging Brazzaville, Congo, called for a cease-fire, but fighting continued unabated.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
1997        Jun 11, In Nepal Prakash Chandra Lohani, the foreign minister, resigned and accused the ruling coalition of Communists of cheating in last month’s elections.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A14)
1997        Jun 11, From Russia it was reported the Pres. Yeltsin planned to remove Yevgeny Nazdratenko, governor of the far-eastern Primorsky region, due to extensive crime and corruption.
    (SFC, 6/11/97, p.C3)
1997        Jun 11, In Sri Lanka a Tamil Tiger rebel raid claimed 300 soldiers dead vs. 50 guerrillas. The government said 97 soldiers were killed at Thandikulam and Nochchimoddai.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A14)

1998        Jun 11, Mitsubishi Motors agreed to pay $34 million to settle allegations that women on the assembly line at its Illinois factory were groped and insulted and that managers did nothing to stop it.
    (AP, 6/11/99)
1998        Jun 11, In Burundi military leader Pierre Buyoya was sworn in as president by the democratically elected parliament.
    (SFC, 6/12/98, p.A14)
1998        Jun 11, China ordered officials in its nearly 1 million villages to open their activities to public scrutiny.
    (SFC, 6/12/98, p.A14)
1998        Jun 11, Fighting between Eritrea and Ethiopia was reported 50 miles from Eritrea’s Red Sea port of Assab.
    (SFC, 6/12/98, p.A12)
1998        Jun 11, Between 1,500 and 2,000 foreigners, mostly Portuguese, were evacuated by ship from the capital of Guinea-Bissau, where civil war raged.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
1998        Jun 11, Pakistan announced a moratorium on nuclear tests and offered to enter into bilateral talks with India.
    (WSJ, 6/12/98, p.A1)

1999        Jun 11, The FBI was seeking the creator of Worm.Explore.Zip, a file-destroying computer virus which had hit some of the nation’s biggest corporations.
    (AP, 6/11/00)
1999        Jun 11, The US and Libya engaged in their first official meeting in 18 years. The US stipulated conditions to be met prior to the lifting of sanctions.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A13)   
1999        Jun 11, DeForest Kelley, who played Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy on Star Trek, died in Woodland Hills, California, at age 79.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A23)(AP, 6/11/00)
1999        Jun 11, In Algeria 14 people were killed by an armed group in Sidi Naamane.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.C1)
1999        Jun 11, Eritrea and Ethiopia clashed in a 2nd day of heavy fighting on the western Badme front.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.C1)
1999        Jun 11, Iraq accused Iran of firing 3 Scud-B missiles on the Ashraf camp of the Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK) guerrilla group, located 50 miles from the Iranian border.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.C1)
1999        Jun 11, Ayatollah Mohammad Yazi told worshipers that the world should pay him heed as the highest justice official in Iran and that 13 Iranian Jews would be tried under Islamic law for treason.
    (SFC, 6/22/99, p.A11)
1999        Jun 11, South Korean ships rammed and briefly repelled 4 North Korean patrol boats. North Korea warned South Korea to withdraw warships from disputed waters in the Yellow Sea on the 5th day of a standoff.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A13)(SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A13)
1999        Jun 11, Russian troops stationed in Bosnia entered Kosovo in a move that was later deemed a mistake.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 11, Cheering residents of Prokuplje, Kosovo, threw flowers onto several dozen Yugoslav army vehicles heading out of the province as NATO troops massed across the border in Macedonia.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
1999        Jun 11, Serb civilians began leaving Kosovo in fear of the transition period under NATO.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A12)

2000        Jun 11, In NYC’s Central Park young male gangs attacked some 47 women with harassment, molestation and robbery during the annual Puerto Rico Day parade. Some of the assaults were captured on home video. 16 of 60 suspects were arrested over the next week. Some police officers also faced discipline for lack of response.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A6)(SFC, 6/19/00, p.A2)(AP, 6/11/01)
2000        Jun 11, Gustavo Kuerten of Brazil won his second French Open title, beating Magnus Norman 6-2, 6-3, 2-6, 7-6 (6).
    (AP, 6/11/01)
2000        Jun 11, In Congo Rwandan troops drove Ugandan forces from Kisangani to end a week of indiscriminate shelling.
    (SFC, 6/12/00, p.A13)   
2000        Jun 11, In Dessau, Germany, Alberto Adriano (39), a 20-year German resident from Mozambique, was kicked to death by 3 men. Enrico Hilprecht (24) was later convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Two 16-year-old accomplices were sentenced to 9 years each.
    (SFC, 8/31/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 11, A former hard-liner who has recently favored democratic reforms was elected as the speaker of Iran's first reformist-dominated parliament in more than 20 years.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
2000        Jun 11, In Montenegro voters kept the pro-West government in the capital, Podgorica, but elected allies of Slobodan Milosevic in Herceg Novi.
    (WSJ, 6/12/00, p.A1)(SFC, 6/13/00, p.A11)
2000        Jun 11, A day after the death of Syrian President Hafez Assad, his son, Bashar, was unanimously nominated by Syria’s ruling Baath Party to succeed his father.
    (AP, 6/11/01)

2001        Jun 11, It was reported that Intel researchers had developed tiny silicon transistors that would allow production of chips with 1 billion transistors by 2007.
    (SFC, 6/11/01, p.D1)
2001        Jun 11, Timothy McVeigh (33) was executed by lethal injection at the federal prison in Terra Haute, Ind., for the April 19, 1995, Oklahoma City bombing. For his final statement he issue a hand-written copy of “Invictus," a poem written in 1875 by William Ernest Henley, whose last 2 lines read “I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul."
    (SFC, 6/11/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/12/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 11, The Colombia AUC named a new 9-man command council to lead its fight against rebel guerrillas.
    (SFC, 6/12/01, p.A9)
2001        Jun 11, In northern Colombia, thousands turned out to protest a US-backed program to aerially eradicate coca crops. They wanted the government to manually eradicate the plant used to make cocaine instead of spraying the countryside.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
2001        Jun 11, In Germany Chancellor Schroeder and leading energy companies signed an agreement to shut down the country’s 19 nuclear power plants. Average operation was limited to 32 years and the last would close around 2021.
    (SFC, 6/12/01, p.A8)
2001        Jun 11, In Macedonia ethnic Albanian rebels and the government announced cease-fires.
    (SFC, 6/12/01, p.A10)
2001        Jun 11, In Slovakia 17 Indian would-be immigrants were believed to have drowned while trying to cross the Morava River from Slovakia to the Czech Republic.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.C3)

2002        Jun 11, Congressional investigators released a report which said Clinton administration workers had defaced equipment and left behind prank messages as they departed the White House in January 2001; but the investigators failed to uncover the widespread problems alleged by some Republicans.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2002        Jun 11, Roman Catholic Bishop J. Kendrick Williams resigned in Kentucky amid accusations of sexual abuse, becoming the third U.S. bishop to step down in the scandal rocking the church.
    (AP, 6/11/02)
2002        Jun 11, Quincy Troupe (62), prof. of creative writing at UC San Diego, was named California state poet laureate. Troupe resigned Oct 18 after he acknowledged that he lied in his resume about graduating from college.
    (SFC, 6/12/02, p.D5)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.A14)
2002        Jun 11, Afghanistan's former king attended a long-awaited Loya Jirga, accompanied by leaders of Hamid Karzai's interim government in a show of unity for a tribal assembly. The assembly was delayed by 1 day as Zahir Shah renounced any potential post.
    (Reuters, 6/11/02)(SFC, 6/11/02, p.A1)(SFC, 6/12/02, p.A10)
2002        Jun 11, In Algeria alleged Islamic militants opened fire on a bus, killing 11 people. Ten others were wounded.
    (AP, 6/12/02)
2002        Jun 11, Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaore tightened his grip on power, throwing out all nine opposition ministers from his Cabinet and cutting the number of posts from 36 to 31.
    (AP, 6/12/02)
2002        Jun 11, More than 40 Burundian refugees, returning home from Tanzania after years in exile, died when the truck carrying them overturned.
    (AP, 6/12/02)
2002        Jun 11, In Canada Inco Ltd. said on Tuesday it had reached a $1.9 billion, 30-year deal to develop the huge Voisey's Bay nickel deposit in northern Labrador.
    (Reuters, 6/11/02)
2002        Jun 11, In Congo an investigation began into claims by the Hemu community that some 2,400 of its people had been killed since April by the Lendu tribe and rebel allies.
    (SFC, 6/12/02, p.A14)
2002        Jun 11, In Egypt Tahseen Basheer (77), a veteran diplomat who served as official spokesman for two of Egypt's late presidents died.
    (AP, 6/12/02)
2002        Jun 11, Sir Paul McCartney and his new wife, former model Heather Mills, were married in a lavish Irish wedding in Glaslough.
    (AP, 6/12/02)
2002        Jun 11, A suicide bomber in Tel Aviv killed himself, a 15-year-old girl and wounded 15. In the Gaza Strip a 9-year-old boy was killed by Israeli army gunfire. Israeli forces killed 3 gunmen in Gaza and a militant died when a bomb he was planting exploded. In Hebron Arab gunmen killed 2 fellow Palestinians suspected of being informers.
    (AP, 6/12/02)(SFC, 6/12/02, p.A11)
2002        Jun 11, Moroccan police arrested three Saudi nationals who were allegedly planning attacks against U.S. and British war ships in the Strait of Gibraltar. They were identified as: Hilal Jaber al-Assiri, Abdellah Ali al-Ghamdi and Zuher al-Tbaiti.
    (AP, 6/11/02)(WSJ, 6/12/02, p.A14)
2002        Jun 11, Thousands of Romania state workers jammed a square in downtown Bucharest, blaming the government for a decline in living standards and calling for its resignation.
    (AP, 6/12/02)

2003        Jun 11, Houston's Roy Oswalt, Pete Munro, Kirk Saarloos, Brad Lidge, Octavio Dotel and Billy Wagner combined for the first no-hitter against the New York Yankees in 45 years, winning 8-0.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
2003        Jun 11, The US military launched a massive operation to crush opposition north of Baghdad and captured nearly 400 suspected Saddam Hussein loyalists in a bid to end daily attacks against American soldiers.
    (AP, 6/11/03)
2003        Jun 11, Patrick James Dennehy (21), a Baylor Univ. basketball player, disappeared in Waco, Texas, and was feared to have been killed by team mates. Carlton Dotson (21) later confessed to the slaying and was arrested in Maryland on Jul 21. Dennehy's body was found Jul 25. In 2005 Dotson was sentenced to 35 years in prison.
    (SSFC, 6/28/03, p.A25)(SFC, 7/22/03, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A1)(SFC, 6/16/05, p.B5)
2003        Jun 11, David Brinkley (b.1920), TV news pioneer, died in Houston.
    (SFC, 6/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 11, The Canadian government said that gay marriages performed in the central province of Ontario over the last two days were legal for now but refused to rule out taking measures later to invalidate them.
    (Reuters, 6/11/03)
2003        Jun 11, Kazakhstan's PM Imangali Tasmagambetov resigned after a prolonged battle with parliament over a land reform bill that would allow private land ownership in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 6/11/03)(Econ, 6/28/03, p.40)
2003        Jun 11, A Palestinian blew himself up on a Jerusalem bus and killed 16 other people. Israel retaliated with 2 rocket strikes that killed 11 Palestinians in Gaza City.
    (AP, 6/11/03)(AP, 6/11/08)
2003        Jun 11, Poland's finance minister quit in a power struggle over economic reforms. Grzegorz Kolodko was the 11th minister, and the second finance minister, to quit Miller's 20-month-old left-leaning administration.
    (AP, 6/11/03)

2004        Jun 11, Pres. Reagan’s formal funeral was held in Simi, Ca.
    (USAT, 6/11/04, p.1A)
2004        Jun 11, Terry Nichols escaped execution as the District court jury in McAlester, Oklahoma, deadlocked in the penalty phase of his trial. He was convicted May 26 on 161 counts of 1st degree murder in the 1995 Oklahoma City federal building bombing.
    (WSJ, 6/14/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 11, The Cassini spacecraft flew within 1,285 miles of Phoebe, one of the outer moons of Saturn.
    (SSFC, 6/13/04, A11)
2004        Jun 11, A new audiotape, was broadcast on the Arab satellite station Al-Arabiya alleges that a U.S. plan for reform in the Middle East is really a bid to replace Arab leaders. It was believed to be from al-Qaida No. 2 Ayman al-Zawahri.
    (AP, 6/12/04)
2004        Jun 11, Congo's government said its security forces had put down an attempted coup by dissidents in President Joseph Kabila's personal guard.
    (AP, 6/11/04)
2004        Jun 11, Two crowded boats collided on a lake straddling the Congo-Rwanda border on and one of them capsized, with some 80 people believed trapped aboard.
    (AP, 6/11/04)
2004        Jun 11, In Iraq gunmen stormed a police station south of Baghdad, drove off the poorly armed police and blew up the building in the 4th such attack against Iraqi security installations over the last week.
    (AP, 6/11/04)
2004        Jun 11, Irish voters have overwhelmingly approved a constitutional amendment to tighten their liberal citizenship laws.
    (AP, 6/12/04)
2004        Jun 11, Egon von Furstenberg (57), a Swiss-born aristocrat known as the "prince of high fashion," died in Rome.
    (AP, 6/11/04)
2004        Jun 11, In Nigeria labor groups representing millions of workers abandoned a crippling three-day general strike.
    (AP, 6/11/04)
2004        Jun 11, Poland's president nominated economist Marek Belka as prime minister for the 2nd time, opening the way for lawmakers to confirm a new government or trigger early elections by rejecting it.
    (AP, 6/11/04)
2004        Jun 11, A commission of the government of the Republika Srpska, the Serbian part of Bosnia, finally admitted that Serbian forces were responsible for the 1995 Muslim massacre at Srebrenica.
    (Econ, 6/19/04, p.53)
2004        Jun 11, In Palermo, Sicily, a court convicted and sentenced 30 top Sicilian mobsters to life imprisonment after a 10-year trial covering a total of 77 murders.
    (AP, 6/12/04)
2004        Jun 11, In Yemen a gunman opened fire with an automatic rifle on worshippers in a mosque outside the capital during midday prayers, killing four people and wounding six.
    (AP, 6/12/04)

2006        Jun 11, Afleet Alex won the Belmont Stakes by seven lengths.
    (AP, 6/11/06)
2005        Jun 11, US officials said a cow had tested positive for mad cow disease in November, opening the door to possible changes in testing procedures in the US beef industry. The cow was later identified as being calved in Texas in 1993.
    (AP, 6/11/05)(WSJ, 6/30/05, p.A1)
2006        Jun 11, The first tropical storm of the season, Arlene, sloshed ashore in the Florida Panhandle.
    (AP, 6/11/06)
2005        Jun 11, Lillian Lux (86), star of Yiddish theater, died. She made her name with almost continuous performances of “A Khasene in Shtetl" (A Village Wedding) from the 1940s.
    (Econ, 6/25/05, p.86)
2005        Jun 11, In southern Afghanistan an Afghan army truck collided with a bus, killing three villagers and wounding seven. A US soldier was killed by small-arms fire in Orgun-e.
    (AP, 6/11/05)(SFC, 6/14/05, p.B3)
2005        Jun 11, Police investigating the disappearance of an Alabama honors student in Aruba arrested a man at dawn, hours after one of three young men already in custody admitted "something bad happened" to the woman after they took her to the beach.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, Australian farmers danced in the rain as downpours delivered the first soaking falls in over four years to large parts of drought-ridden eastern Australia.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, Finance ministers from the Group of Eight industrialized nations meting in London agreed to a historic deal canceling at least $40 billion worth of debt owed by 18 of the world's poorest nations. These included: Benin, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guyana, Honduras, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, In northern China an attack on a shantytown left six people dead and wounded 48 others. Villagers had disputed compensation offered by officials for their land and occupied the proposed site in 2004. Authorities have arrested more than 100 people and began investigating two Communist Party officials following the attack.
    (AP, 7/11/05)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.40)
2005        Jun 11,Two Ethiopian opposition leaders were placed under arrest, a day after the ruling party agreed to work with its foes to end violent protests that have left 29 dead.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, French journalist Florence Aubenas and her Iraqi assistant were freed and in good health after nearly five months in captivity in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 11, In Iraq a suicide bomber dressed as a policeman blew himself up during roll call at the heavily guarded headquarters of an elite commando unit killing 5 people. Gunmen attacked a busload of construction workers south of Baghdad on Saturday, killing at least 11 and wounding three others. Attacks in and around Baghdad killed at least 23 people.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, US fighter planes equipped with precision-guided missiles launched airstrikes on an Iraqi town near the Syrian border, killing about 40 insurgents who were stopping and searching civilian cars.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, In the Philippines thousands of protesters demanded President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo step down during the biggest anti-government rally since allegations surfaced that she fixed last year's election and her family received gambling kickbacks.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, More than 2,000 people defied a ban on a gay-rights rally in Poland's capital, taking to the streets of Warsaw against the orders of the city's conservative mayor.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, Vasco Goncalves (83), former Portugal prime minister (1974-1975), died. He played a key part in the 1974 April revolution that toppled 48 years of right-wing dictatorship.
    (AP, 6/11/05)
2005        Jun 11, A new round of peace talks on Sudan's Darfur region ran into early problems as Khartoum's negotiators rejected Eritrean participation, stopping the first behind-closed-doors plenary session from going ahead.
    (Reuters, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 11, Jose Maria Corredor, a Colombian drug smuggler wanted by the US, bribed his way out of Venezuela's secret police headquarters with help from federal agents.
    (AP, 6/14/05)

2006        Jun 11, In the Tony Awards in NYC the play “The History Boys" won best play and “Jersey Boys" won as best musical. The award for best actor went to Richard Griffiths of "The History Boys." Cynthia Nixon won best actress for her role in “Rabbit Hole."
    (Reuters, 6/11/06)(SFC, 6/12/06, p.E3)
2006        Jun 10, James Cameron (92), who survived an attempted lynching and went on to found America's Black Holocaust Museum, died in Milwaukee.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2006        Jun 11, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai said his government will give weapons to local tribesmen to help fight the surge in Taliban violence. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed 15 suspected militants, including Mullah Amanullah, a relative of Taliban leader Mullah Omar, in Uruzgan province. Ten militants were killed in Helmand province's Sangin district in a battle involving Afghan and British forces.
    (AP, 6/12/06)(SFC, 6/12/06, p.A3)
2006        Jun 11, In Bangladesh police fired tear gas at thousands of stone-throwing protesters demanding the prime minister's resignation in Dhaka, leaving dozens of people injured.
    (AP, 6/11/06)
2006        Jun 11, A military transport plane crashed as it tried to land at an unlit airport at night in Chad's main eastern city, killing five people. Chad rebels claimed that they shot the C-130 military plane down at Abeche airport.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 11, Amnesty International released a report saying China's sales of military vehicles and weapons to Sudan, Nepal and Myanmar have aggravated conflicts and abetted violence and repressive rule in those countries.
    (AP, 6/11/06)
2006        Jun 11, Foreign Minister Jose Ramos-Horta said the East Timorese government has asked the UN to form an "independent special inquiry commission" into violence that has left 21 dead.
    (AFP, 6/11/06)
2006        Jun 11, Iran's top nuclear negotiator said that his country wants "unconditional" nuclear talks and that a Western incentives package has "weak points."
    (AP, 6/11/06)
2006        Jun 11, Iraqi and US officials released some 200 detainees from Abu Ghraib. Al-Maliki has promised to release 2,500 prisoners by the end of this month. At least five Iraqis were killed and a British soldier wounded in a firefight which broke out between Shiite militiamen and British troops in the southern city of Al-Amara. Al-Qaida in Iraq vowed "major attacks" after the death of leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in a US airstrike.
    (AFP, 6/11/06)(AP, 6/12/06)(AP, 6/11/07)
2006        Jun 11, Jordan arrested four lawmakers who visited the family of slain terrorist leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. They were charged with "instigating sectarian strike" and "fueling national discord" and remained jailed, serving 15-day detention orders.
    (AP, 6/18/06)
2006        Jun 11, Palestinian militants fired about 10 rockets at Israel from the Gaza Strip, critically injuring an Israeli and nearly hitting a college in the southern Israel town of Sderot. In return Israeli aircraft struck a rocket-launching cell in the northern Gaza Strip, killing two militants from the Palestinians' ruling Hamas party.
    (AP, 6/11/06)
2006        Jun 11, In the Philippines a grenade blast wounded eight people in a market in Batangas province. A nearly simultaneous explosion damaged a mobile police station in Manila.
    (AP, 6/11/06)
2006        Jun 11, Teams of veterinarians were sent to destroy domestic poultry in northern Ukraine after the first appearance of bird flu in the region.
    (Reuters, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 11, US troops sent to the Black Sea peninsula of Crimea to prepare for joint war games left Ukraine after two weeks of protests organized by pro-Russian parties prevented them from carrying out their mission.
    (AP, 6/12/06)

2007        Jun 11, Pres. Bush arrived in Bulgaria and met with President Georgi Parvanov.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, Republicans blocked a Senate no-confidence vote on Attorney General Alberto Gonzales, rejecting a symbolic Democratic effort to force him from office amid blistering criticism from lawmakers in both parties.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2007        Jun 11, A divided panel of the 4th US Circuit Court of Appeals said the Bush administration could not use new anti-terrorism laws to keep US residents locked up indefinitely without charging them.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2007        Jun 11, NY City Mayor Michael Bloomberg said the city will incorporate biofuel made from corn and soybeans into oil used to heat city buildings starting in 2008.
    (Reuters, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 11, In Texas 3 National Guardsmen were arraigned on charges of conspiring to transport illegal immigrants.
    (SFC, 6/12/07, p.A5)
2007        Jun 11, Idaho Sen. Larry Craig (62) was arrested by a plainclothes officer investigating complaints of lewd conduct in a men's restroom at the Minneapolis airport. The conservative three-term senator pleaded guilty on Aug 8, paid $575 in fines and fees and was put on unsupervised probation for a year.
    (AP, 8/28/07)
2007        Jun 11, The Blackstone IPO filing said CEO Stephen Schwarzman (60) made $398 million in 2006. He stood to make another $677 million in the IPO.
    (SFC, 6/12/07, p.C1)(WSJ, 6/12/07, p.C3)
2007        Jun 11, Yahoo Inc. said China should not punish people for expressing their political views on the Internet, a day after the mother of a Chinese reporter announced she was suing the US company for helping officials imprison her son.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, Mala Powers (b.1931), American film star, died in Burbank, Ca. Her films included Cyrano de Bergerac (1950) and “Outrage" (1950).
    (SFC, 6/14/07, p.B4)
2007        Jun 11, In Afghanistan’s eastern Khost province, a suicide car bomber blew himself up as police were approaching to search his vehicle at a checkpoint in Gurbuz district. The US-led coalition and Afghan troops killed more than 24 suspected Taliban fighters during a battle in the south.
    (AP, 6/11/07)(AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 11, In southeastern Bangladesh at least 130 people were killed in Chittagong and other districts and many others were injured in mudslides triggered by heavy monsoon rains.
    (AFP, 6/11/07)(AFP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 11, Belgian PM Guy Verhofstadt's Liberal-Socialist coalition government resigned, a day after conservatives, led by Christian Democrats, posted big gains in general elections.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, In Bosnia thousands of survivors of Europe's worst massacre since WW II protested in Sarajevo, demanding a special administrative status for the town of Srebrenica and saying it should not be run by Bosnian Serb authorities who were responsible for genocide there.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, In London, England, Mahmod Mahmod (52), a Kurdish father who ordered his daughter brutally slain for falling in love with the wrong man in a so-called "honor killing," was found guilty of murder. In early 2006 Banaz Mahmod (20) was strangled with a boot lace, stuffed into a suitcase and buried in a back garden. In 2007 Mahmod Mahmod, and uncle Ari Mahmod, were sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 6/11/07)(AP, 7/20/07)
2007        Jun 11, Cuba's largest foreign investor, Canada’s Sherritt International Corp., saw business running smoothly under acting President Raul Castro and will push ahead with a $1.2 billion expansion in nickel mining, and oil and electricity production.
    (Reuters, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, In the Central African Republic a French aid worker for Doctors Without Borders was shot and killed while traveling to a town grappling with poor health conditions.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, Organizers of the Beijing Olympics threatened to cancel the contracts of companies using child labor and violating minimum-wage rules to make Olympic-licensed products. The country's chief veterinarian said Blue ear disease, blamed for a surge in politically sensitive pork prices, has spread to 22 Chinese provinces and regions. State media said Chinese authorities are investigating the widespread sale of fake blood protein to hospitals and pharmacies, a practice that deprives patients of a crucial medical need.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, Police barred voters from polling stations and arrested about 100 opposition members, as Egyptians chose members of the upper chamber of parliament in an election marred by violence that killed one person. President Hosni Mubarak's ruling party won a majority of seats in elections for Egypt's upper house of parliament. The Muslim Brotherhood condemned the elections for their unprecedented fraud.
    (AP, 6/11/07)(AP, 6/13/07)(Econ, 6/16/07, p.54)
2007        Jun 11, An Ethiopian court convicted 38 opposition activists in a trial stemming from violent unrest that followed disputed elections in 2005.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, Indonesia's tropical rain forests were disappearing 30 percent faster than previously estimated as illegal loggers raid national parks, threatening the long-term survival of orangutans, according to a new UN report.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, Iran announced it will help build five new refineries across Asia with a total capacity of 1.1 million barrels per day in a bid to strengthen ties in the region. The refineries will be built in China, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia and Syria.
    (AFP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, The Iraqi Parliament voted in a closed session to remove the speaker after a series of embarrassing scandals involving the lawmaker. Mahmoud al-Mashhadani will be replaced by another Sunni Arab. Treasury chief Gordon Brown, Britain's next prime minister met with Iraqi leaders in a surprise visit following promises to study his country's participation in the conflict. A parked truck bomb destroyed a bridge carrying traffic over the Diyala River in Baqouba. At least 11 Iraqis were killed in attacks.
    (AP, 6/11/07)(AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 11, Israel's military launched a spy satellite. A senior official suggested it could help keep track of developments in Iran.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, Officials gathered in Kazakhstan for a 2-day meeting of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism. 37 of 51 Global Initiative partner nations, along with the IAEA and European Union as observers, assessed current plans to enhance the partnership capacity of Global Initiative nations and discussed new ways to combat nuclear smuggling and other terrorist acts. 2 days of talks produced a 10-year action plan.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, p.68)(www.usembassy.kz/)
2007        Jun 11, In Kenya an explosion went off outside a hotel in downtown Nairobi during morning rush hour, killing two people, injuring more than 30.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, In Lebanon 2 local Red Cross workers helping coordinate negotiations between the Lebanese army and Islamic militants were shot to death at the Nahr el-Bared camp. Fighting also killed 4 soldiers.
    (AP, 6/11/07)(WSJ, 6/12/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 11, Mexican police and soldiers arrested three men during an operation to fight illegal logging in a mountain region south of Mexico City where environmentalist Aldo Zamora (21) was killed on May 15.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, In the Netherlands an international conference on endangered species banned almost all trade in sawfish, large shark-like rays, whose long snouts bristling with teeth are in high demand among collectors.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, Hostage takers in Nigeria's restive oil heartland released 13 captives, including three Americans.
    (AP, 6/11/07)
2007        Jun 11, Fighting between Palestinian factions left 12 people dead.
    (SFC, 6/12/07, p.A16)(WSJ, 6/12/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 11, In Ankara, Turkey, funerals for three soldiers killed in a roadside bombing by Kurdish rebels turned into anti-government protests as thousands of mourners called on leaders to resign over their failure to rein in the violence.
    (AP, 6/11/07)

2008        Jun 11, The US government said the average American life expectancy has surpassed 78 years with 81 years for women and 75 for men.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 11, US health officials said there were some 167 reported cases in 17 states of people falling ill from salmonella-tainted tomatoes.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 11, In South Carolina a bill allowing an “I Believe" license plate with the image of a cross and a stained glass window became law after Gov. Mark Sanford declined to veto it.  The state legislature allowed several religious-themed bills to become laws in its closing session.
    (SFC, 6/13/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 11, NASA's Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope, or GLAST, successfully launched aboard a Delta II rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. The telescope was soon named after Enrico Fermi.
    (www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/jun/HQ_08141_GLAST_Launch.html)(SFC, 8/27/08, p.B7)
2008         Jun 11, In rural western Iowa four boys were killed when a tornado hit. They were among the elite of the Boy Scouts of America to attend a special week-long leadership development seminar put on by the Mid-America Council.
    (www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,366264,00.html)(AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 11, Afghan officials said 31 people died in airstrikes in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, InBev, the Belgian-Brazilian brewing giant, offered $46 billion, or 65 dollars a share, in cash for Anheuser-Busch in a bid to create an unrivaled global brewing giant.
    (AFP, 6/12/08)(Econ, 6/21/08, p.77)
2008        Jun 11, Police in southern Brazil fired rubber bullets and tear gas at protesters who tried to invade a supermarket to protest high food prices, part of widespread demonstrations across more than a dozen states.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, In Brazil bankers set an IPO price of $689 per share in OGX Petroleo e Gas Participacoes SA, a firm created by Eike Batista (50) to drill for oil in Brazilian offshore tracts.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 11, Yeshi Girma (32), the partner of Hussain Osman, a would-be suicide bomber who attempted to attack London's subway system, was convicted in London for not warning police about the July 1, 2005, plot. Her sister and brother were also both found guilty of failing to disclose information and helping Osman.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, Canada, addressing one of the darkest chapters in its history, formally apologized for forcing 150,000 aboriginal children into grim residential schools, where many said they were sexually and physically abused.
    (Reuters, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 11, A plane carrying 10 people that disappeared four days ago in Chile's frigid southern forests was found with nine survivors who stayed alive by huddling for warmth, sharing food and sheltering in the plane's wreckage. The only fatality was the pilot Nelson Bahamondes (65). The plane had disappeared June 7 after taking off the Chilean city of Puerto Montt en route to La Junta.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe adopted a Resolution establishing the election procedure of the members of the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA). By mid August it was ratified by 17 countries.
    (www.coe.int/t/DG2/TRAFFICKING/campaign/default_en.asp)(Econ, 8/16/08, p.58)
2008        Jun 11, Hong Kong officials found bird-flu virus at three more food markets and ordered the slaughter of some 3,500 birds at retail outlets.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.A13)
2008        Jun 11, India’s central bank raised its key short-term lending rate by .25% to 8%.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.A13)
2008        Jun 11, Abbas Palizdar, a former staff member of Iran’s parliament, was arrested. He had revealed that dozens of top clerical leaders had used their connections to swindle hundreds of millions of dollars from the state.
    (Econ, 7/26/08, p.58)(www.wikio.co.uk/news/Abbas+Palizdar)
2008        Jun 11, A bomb planted near a bridge in northern Baghdad killed 6 people on passing minibuses during rush hour. 2 mortar rounds hit a busy street in the central Baghdad area of Karrada, killing a civilian and wounding five others. The US military said it captured an Iranian-trained bomb expert southeast of Baghdad during a raid on the man's home. Elsewhere a Marine died in a non-combat related incident.
    (AP, 6/11/08)(AP, 6/12/08)(AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 11, The Israeli military said soldiers opened fire at militants launching rockets into Israel. Palestinian officials said a 6-year-old girl was killed by Israeli tank fire in Gaza. A car bomb blast in central Tel Aviv killed a prominent Israeli lawyer, in what they called a criminal bombing and not an attack by Palestinian militants.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, In Japan the upper house, newly controlled by the opposition Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), passed its first ever censure motion against the government.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.55)
2008        Jun 11, Japanese pharmaceutical firm Daiichi Sankyo said it would buy control of top Indian generics firm Ranbaxy for up to 4.6 billion dollars, entering the fast expanding non-branded drugs market.
    (AFP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, The government of Lithuania approved construction of a new museum in Vilnius. The joint project between Lithuania, the Guggenheim and the State Hermitage Museum in Russia, will be designed by Iraq-born Zaha Hadid (b.1950) and is to open in 2013.
    (www.ejpress.org/article/news/27790)
2008        Jun 11, In southern Mexico armed men hijacked a bus carrying 33 Cubans and four Central American migrants detained after forcing immigration agents away at gunpoint. The seized Cubans and Central Americans were being taken to an immigration processing center in the nearby city of Tapachula when the attack occurred. Mexican immigration agents are normally unarmed on such assignments.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 11, In Nepal deposed King Gyanendra left his palace in Kathmandu for the last time. The mistress (94) of his long dead grandfather, King Tribhuwan (d.1955), was allowed to stay in the palace because she had no relatives or house to move to.
    (SFC, 6/12/08, p.A11)
2008        Jun 11, In Nigeria a pay strike by teachers brought schools to a standstill after talks with the government ended in deadlock.
    (AFP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 11, The Rwandan army arrested four officers, including a brigadier general, over the murder of 13 senior Catholic clergy during the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 11, Serbian police arrested Stojan Zupljanin (57), a Bosnian Serb police commander during the 1992-95 civil war, and one of the four remaining war crimes fugitives wanted by the UN tribunal in the Netherlands.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, South Korea's president said that his government will make a fresh start, hours after thousands of people had gathered in Seoul in the largest demonstration yet against the planned resumption of US beef imports.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, Spain deployed riot police to lift striking truckers' blockades of a border crossing with France and a major highway outside Madrid and made dozens of arrests.
    (AP, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, In Sri Lanka government forces destroyed two Tamil Tiger rebel bunkers in the embattled north while infantry clashes killed 13 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 11, In Thailand thousands of truckers went on a half-day strike demanding government help against rising fuel prices, the latest in a series of protests that have swept across Asia and Europe.
    (Reuters, 6/11/08)
2008        Jun 11, Vietnam devalued its currency by 2% as inflation pushed over 25%.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.86)(http://enews.mcot.net/view.php?id=4709)
2008        Jun 11, Vo Van Kiet (b.1922), former Vietnamese Prime Minister (1991-1997), died in Singapore. The economic reformer had led the Communist nation away from poverty and isolation and backed the normalization of ties with the United States.
    (AP, 6/11/08)(WSJ, 6/14/08, p.A7)
2008        Jun 11, Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's party said it would deploy more war veterans to campaign in some opposition areas ahead of a presidential election run-off marred by violence. South African President Thabo Mbeki said levels of violence in the approach to Zimbabwe's run-off presidential election on June 27 are a cause for "serious concern."
    (Reuters, 6/11/08)(AFP, 6/11/08)

2009        Jun 11, In San Francisco BART’s governing board approved a 6.1% fare hike effective July 1. The minimum ride went up 25 cents to $1.75.
    (SFC, 6/12/09, p.B1)
2009        Jun 11, In eastern Afghanistan NATO mortar rounds killed two Afghan civilians during a clash with insurgents. Two died later of their injuries while undergoing treatment. A bomb blast killed a British soldier near Kandahar. Four other Afghan civilians died in Kunar when a truck collided with a NATO vehicle.
    (AP, 6/12/09)
2009        Jun 11, In Australia an Australian Aboriginal elder (46), arrested for drunk driving, died after being "cooked" in the back of a scorching hot prison van. The next day a coroner found that Mr. Ward's death breached Australia's obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
    (AFP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 11, Four Guantanamo detainees, Uighurs from predominantly Muslim western China, were transferred to Bermuda, marking an unexpected new chapter in their odyssey.
    (AP, 6/11/09)
2009        Jun 11, The London subway workers’ strike continued for the second day in a row shutting down much of the city's Underground network. The strike ended as Transport for London agreed with workers to restart talks.
    (AP, 6/11/09)(SFC, 6/12/09, p.A2)
2009        Jun 11, The ICRC said armed men have killed a local employee of the International Committee of the Red Cross at Birao in the north of the Central African Republic.
    (AFP, 6/11/09)
2009        Jun 11, German researchers said a new, superheavy chemical element numbered 112, Ununbium, Latin for 112, will soon be officially included in the periodic table. A team in Darmstadt first produced 112 in 1996 by firing charged zinc atoms through a 120-meter-long particle accelerator to hit a lead target.
    (Reuters, 6/11/09)
2009        Jun 11, Italian police said they were carrying out arrests in Rome, Milan and other cities as part of an investigation into the activities of suspected radical leftist terrorists.
    (AP, 6/11/09)
2009        Jun 11, The Mexican army captured 25 gunmen in northern Nicolas Bravo, Chihuahua state, who witnesses say disguised themselves as soldiers. Soldiers also seized 29 automatic rifles during the raid. Gunmen tossed grenades and fired on a crowded taco stand in the city of Uruapan, Michoacan state, killing a police officer and a 15-year-old boy. Armed men barged into a motel room and killed five people in their beds in Ciudad Juarez. Two other people were killed during a car chase and shootout between armed men in downtown Juarez. The Mexican Navy in Sinaloa discovered one of the largest methamphetamine labs ever found in the country, with enough ephedrine to produce more than 40 tons of methamphetamine.
    (AP, 6/11/09)(AP, 6/12/09)(AP, 6/14/09)(AP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 11, Human Rights Watch in a report to the UN said abuses by the Mexican military have surged since the government deployed troops to fight drug cartels more than two years ago, and too little is done to investigate allegations of rapes, killing and torture. Mexico's government disputed the charges.
    (AP, 6/11/09)
2009        Jun 11, North Korea demanded a 3,000 percent hike in rent from South Korea for the site of a joint industrial park at the center of a dispute roiling their relations. It also sought a more than fourfold increase in wages for North Korean workers employed by South Korean companies at the park. More than 100 South Korean companies have factories in the park, employing some 40,000 North Koreans. They are paid about $70 a month on average.
    (AP, 6/11/09)
2009        Jun 11, Pakistan's army said it had killed 66 Taliban as fighting spilled into a tribal area and known bolthole for the militant group blamed for a deadly bombing at a luxury hotel. One person was killed and 35 injured when a bomb hidden in a toilet exploded on a train in southwestern Baluchistan province. On a road to Peshawar, gunmen attacked the car of northwest provincial minister for prisons Mian Nisar Gul. The official was wounded, while two of his bodyguards and one of the assailants were killed. In the northwestern town of Dera Ismail Khan one person was killed and 30 wounded in two separate hand grenade attacks in crowded bazaars.
    (AP, 6/11/09)
2009        Jun 11, In Peru riot police used tear gas to turn student protesters away from the Congress as thousands marched to back Amazon Indians resisting oil and natural gas exploration on their land.
    (AP, 6/11/09)
2009        Jun 11, In the southern Philippines Ansar Venancio, a Filipino bomb expert from the Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) group, was arrested in Marawi city. He is thought to have carried out a deadly attack on Manila in 2000.
    (AFP, 6/11/09)
2009        Jun 11, The World Health Organization held an emergency swine flu meeting and declared the first flu pandemic in 41 years as infections climbed in the United States, Europe, Australia, South America and elsewhere.
    (AP, 6/11/09)

2010        Jun 11, A US federal grand jury indicted 3 current and 2 former New Orleans police officers in the shooting of Henry Glover (31) on Sep 2, 2005, and then burning his body.
    (SFC, 6/12/10, p.A9)
2010        Jun 11, Valdez Villareal, a Texas-born man suspected of leading a Mexican drug cartel, was charged in federal court in Atlanta with distributing thousands of pounds of cocaine to the eastern US from 2004-2006. Authorities were offering a reward of up to $2 million for information leading to his capture.
    (SFC, 6/12/10, p.A9)
2010        Jun 11, Vanguard Health Systems, owned by the Blackstone Group, signed an agreement for the acquisition of the 8 hospitals of the Detroit Medical Center for $417 million.
    (Econ, 7/24/10, p.64)(http://tinyurl.com/392p7bb)
2010        Jun 11, In Salt Lake City an underground pipeline broke sending oil into a creek that ultimately flows into the Great Salt Lake. The pipeline was shut off the next day as the 21,000 gallon spill coated some 300 birds at area creeks. Chevron said it would pay for cleanup.
    (SFC, 6/14/10, p.A6)
2010        Jun 11, In Arkansas flash floods swept through a popular campground, killing at least 19 people in and around the Albert Pike Recreation Area.
    (AP, 6/12/10)(AP, 6/14/10)
2010        Jun 11, NATO leaders declared that the alliance had regained the initiative in the Afghan war, promising that the gains could result in a handover of security responsibilities in some parts of the country to local authorities by year's end. Two US troops and at least 11 civilians died in violence across southern Afghanistan, including one attack in which a suicide bomber wearing a burqa blew himself up in a bazaar.
    (AP, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, In Algeria a suicide bomber rammed a truck into the barracks of an elite police unit in a village east of Algiers. At least nine people died, including four police officers and one Chinese worker.
    (AP, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, A Credit Suisse analyst, briefed by BP’s Chief of Staff, said in a research note that BP expects the total bill for the clean up of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill to be $3-6 billion.
    (Reuters, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, Norman Macrae, deputy editor of The Economist (1965-1988), died.
    (Econ, 6/19/10, p.88)
2010        Jun 11, In China a construction crew in the south-central city of Changsha completed a 15-story hotel in just six days.
    (http://tinyurl.com/237rlpo)
2010        Jun 11, Roman Catholic leaders announced that Cuban authorities have agreed to free Ariel Sigler, an ill political prisoner, and transfer six others to jails nearer home, the latest in a rare series of concessions from a government not known for its tolerance of dissent.
    (AP, 6/12/10)
2010        Jun 11, Ethiopian rebels said the military had killed 71 civilians in the last month as part of a growing crackdown in a region where international oil and gas companies are exploring.
    (Reuters, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, A Finnish court sentenced former Rwandan pastor, Francois Bazaramba, to life imprisonment for committing genocide against the Tutsi minority in his home country in 1994.
    (AP, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, In India Reliance Industries said it will pay 48 billion rupees ($1 billion) for a 95 percent stake in Infotel Broadband, the only company to win pan-India broadband wireless spectrum in a government auction. The auction yielded 383 billion rupees ($8.2 billion) in spectrum fees.
    (AP, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, A car bomb struck a joint US-Iraqi military convoy north of Baghdad, killing at least five people, including two American troops. 3 people were killed when a bomb hidden in a pile of trash exploded at a market in southern Baghdad. That explosion, in the capital's Dora neighborhood, wounded 10 people.
    (AP, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, Israeli police said an unidentified Palestinian man was shot dead after he struck two Israeli police officers with his car in east Jerusalem.
    (AP, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, Japan's new PM Naoto Kan pledged a fiscal policy overhaul to reduce the country's massive public debt mountain, warning of a Greece-style meltdown.
    (AFP, 6/12/10)
2010        Jun 11, In Kashmir a cycle of protests began after Tufail Ahmed Mattoo (17) was killed by a tear gas shell near Srinagar’s main mosque.
    (Econ, 7/10/10, p.42)(Econ, 8/7/10, p.38)
2010        Jun 11, In southern Kyrgyzstan clashes between the ethnic Kyrgyz and the minority Uzbek community erupted overnight and killed at least 37 people leaving more than 450 wounded in Osh. Officials declared a state of emergency in part of the Central Asian nation that hosts US and Russian military bases.
    (AP, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, In Mexico former state police detective Irvin Solano was arrested in central Morelos state. He was accused of becoming a top enforcer for Edgar Valdez Villareal, a US-born drug trafficker.
    (AP, 6/14/10)
2010        Jun 11, In northwestern Pakistan a volley of US missiles killed 15 alleged militants in an extremist stronghold, the second such strike in less than 12 hours.
    (AP, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, Russia signaled it was scrapping the controversial sale of S-300 missiles to Iran in a major shift the Kremlin said was needed after fresh UN sanctions over Tehran's nuclear program.
    (AFP, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, The World Cup kicked off with unfancied hosts South Africa taking on Mexico in front of 85,000 spectators in a packed Soccer City stadium in Johannesburg. Host nation South Africa got their continent's first World Cup off to a thrilling start by scoring the tournament's opening goal in a spirited 1-1 draw with Mexico.
    (AFP, 6/11/10)(AFP, 6/12/10)
2010        Jun 11, Taiwan's High Court upheld former President Chen Shui-bian's conviction on graft charges but cut his life sentence to 20 years, in a small victory for the man who once excited great passions on the island but is now largely ignored.
    (AP, 6/11/10)
2010        Jun 11, Venezuelan authorities issued an arrest warrant for Guillermo Zuloaga, the owner of a television channel that takes a critical line against President Hugo Chavez. Zuloaga served as president and majority shareholder of Globovision, the country's only remaining channel on the airwaves that is stridently opposed to Chavez.
    (AP, 6/12/10)

2011        Jun 11, Scandal-plagued New York congressman Anthony Weiner, under pressure from the leaders of his party to resign, instead announced he was taking a leave of absence from congress to seek professional help. In a statement Weiner said he hoped that therapy would help him to become “a better husband and a healthier person."
            (Reuters, 6/11/11)    
2011           Jun 11, Brian Young of Kodiak, Alaska, suddenly stopped breathing after he completed the 20-hour climb up to the summit of Mt. McKinley and then back to camp. Young was the fifth climber this season to die at Mt. McKinley, which is North America’s tallest peak.   
            (Reuters, 6/11/11)
2011           Jun 11, The wildfire in eastern Arizona was now spreading hazy smoke as far away as central New Mexico, causing officials there to worry about potential threats to people with respiratory conditions. The fire, still not contained, had now burned 672 square miles of land.
            (NYT, 6/11/11)(AP, 6/11/11)
2011           Jun 11, A 140 lb. male mountain lion was struck by an SUV on a highway in Milford, CT. The driver was unhurt but the mountain lion died from its injuries. Since mountain lions are not native to Connecticut, officials from the Department of Environmental Protection believed the animal had been held in captivity and then escaped from its owner.
            (Hartford Courant, 6/11/11)(Reuters, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 11, It was reported that Harold Camping (89), the doomsday preacher who had recently predicted that the world would end on May 21, suffered a stroke. The radio evangelist was expected to recover, but the stroke might end his Family Radio ministry, since he was suffering from slurred speech.
            (Oakland, CA Tribune, 6/11/11)(Econ, 5/28/11, p.36)
2011        Jun 11, New York’s the Belmont Stakes was won by Ruler on Ice, a 24-1 long shot. Favorite Animal Kingdom nearly fell at the beginning of the race and never caught up, finishing fifth. 
            (AP, 6/11/11)
2011        Jun 11, In North Carolina the bodies of 4 people were found shot to death along a highway in Durham.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun 11, Texas Gov. Rick Perry’s proclamation, issued on June 6, continued to evoke controversy. The governor, who declared that August 6th should be a “day of prayer and fasting for our nation’s challenges," invited other governors to join him at an evangelical Christian prayer service, sponsored by groups that include the American Family Association, known for its opposition to gay rights and its condemnation of homosexuality.
            (NYT, 6/12/11, p. A31)
2011            Jun 11, In Afghanistan at least 21 people were killed across the country. A report from the UN Mission to Afghanistan noted that the month of May was especially deadly for Afghan civilians. 368 deaths were reported and 593 civilians were wounded.
            (AP, 6/11/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 11, In Bahrain over 10,000 demonstrators joined the first public rally in months as the main Shiite party urged backers to press ahead for political rights.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 11, Chile’s Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcano continued to sporadically spew a cloud of ash, disrupting airline travel from Brazil and Argentina to as far away as Australia and New Zealand.   
            (AP, 6/11/11)
2011        Jun 11, The International Monetary Fund acknowledged that it had been the victim of a cyber-attack on its computers. The attack was said to be very sophisticated, and its intent was to install spyware. The intruders were able to access and read numerous e-mails and documents; several published reports said the attack was “connected to a foreign government," but did not reveal which one.      
            (Reuters, 6/11/11)
2011        Jun 11, In India Jyotirmoy Dey, an investigations editor at the Mid-day daily tabloid, was gunned down in a daylight drive-by shooting in a northern suburb of Mumbai.  On Nov 25 Jigna Vora, a journalist with the Asian Age, was remanded in police custody until December 1 on suspicion of conspiracy and aiding and abetting the killers of Dey. Police believe he was killed on the orders of underworld crime boss Chhota Rajan. On Dec 3 an indictment was filed in a Maharashtra state court naming Rajan along with 11 other people, including the alleged gunmen and those suspected of providing material used in the killing.
    (AP, 11/25/11)(AP, 12/3/11)
2011        Jun 11, In northern Iraq two car bombs killed 6 people and wounded 52 in Mosul. A separate attack in Tikrit killed the 3 sons and a daughter of a school teacher. A human rights activist was killed in Baghdad.    
            (AP, 6/11/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 11, Pop star Lady Gaga performed at a large gay pride rally at Rome’s Circus Maximus. She also used the appearance to speak out in favor of full equality for gay men and lesbians, and to denounce countries that show intolerance to those who are different.
            (AP, 6/11/11)(AFP, 6/11/11)
2011        Jun 11, In Japan protesters held mass demonstrations across the country against nuclear power in the wake of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami that left over 23,000 dead.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A7)
2011        Jun 11, In Peshawar, Pakistan, two bomb blasts severely damaged a supermarket and hotel, killing 34 people and injuring more nearly 100. Authorities suspected the Pakistani Taliban.
            (AFP, 6/11/11)(SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 11, In Yemen clashes between soldiers and Islamic militants around Lawdar and Zinjibar left 21 militants dead as well as 19 soldiers.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A6)

2012        Jun 11, In south Florida a woman (34) was severely burned after being doused in gasoline and lit on fire outside a 7-Eleven store in a dispute with the father of her child. Roosevelt Mondesir (52) was charged with attempted first-degree murder and was being treated for burns at Bethesda Memorial Hospital in Boynton Beach.
    (AP, 6/11/12)
2012        Jun 11, Maine began demolishing its Great Works dam in Bradley, part of a historic effort to open nearly 1,000 miles of habitat to 11 species of fish that haven’t had open access to the Penobscot River for two centuries.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.38)
2012        Jun 11, Canada-born American actress Ann Rutherford (94) died at her home in Beverly Hills. She played one of the sisters of Scarlett O’Hara in “Gone With the Wind" (1939). She became famous for her role as the sweetheart in the Andy Hardy film series in the late 1930s.
    (SFC, 6/15/12, p.C5)
2012        Jun 11, In northern Afghanistan an ambulance struck a roadside bomb while rushing a pregnant woman and her family to a hospital, killing four of her family members. The woman delivered her baby a few hours later. Earlier today two women and two children were killed in the east when a mortar fired by insurgents hit their home in Ghazni province. NATO said it is limiting airstrikes against houses to self-defense for troops, following a strike last week that killed women and children alongside insurgents.
    (AP, 6/11/12)(SFC, 6/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 11, In Afghanistan 2 shallow earthquakes less than half an hour apart shook the mountainous Hindu Kush region, starting a slide of debris that smashed into a remote village, burying mudbrick houses to a depth of up to 100 meters. Over 70 people were feared killed.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 11, Bahamas police said 7 of 28 people have been rescued from a boat that sank while carrying migrants to Florida. The boat had departed from Abaco island a day earlier.
    (SFC, 6/12/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 11, British workers from Coryton oil refinery marched on a fuel terminal in the southeast of the country and disrupted the supply of fuel heading to petrol stations to protest against the plant's closure. Coryton is currently being wound down as crude supplies run out, and 900 jobs were threatened.
    (Reuters, 6/11/12)(Reuters, 6/14/12)
2012        Jun 11, In China young and old residents of the metropolis of Wuhan were advised to stay indoors after a thick haze blanketed the city of nine million people. Xinhua described the haze as grey-yellow in color and said it was seen in 7 cities in Hubei province, including Wuhan.
    (AFP, 6/11/12)
2012        Jun 11, Israeli authorities rounded up 115 of African migrants slated for deportation, most of them from South Sudan, as the government weighs tough penalties against Israelis who help illegal aliens.
    (AFP, 6/11/12)(AFP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 11, A Libyan judicial source said four International Criminal Court (ICC) envoys have been put into "preventive" detention in prison for 45 days while investigating an alleged threat to national security.
    (AFP, 6/11/12)
2012        Jun 11, Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan inaugurated one of sub-Sahara Africa's biggest cement factories, with a capacity to produce 5.25 million metric tons a year. Dangote Cement's held ambitions of ranking among the top eight cement-producing companies in the world by the year 2015. Armed robbers in north Nigeria killed 27 people while attacking villages preparing for a local market day.
    (AFP, 6/11/12)(AP, 6/11/12)
2012        Jun 11, In Oman 22 people were detained for protesting outside the central police station in Muscat. They were calling for the release of 3 pro-democracy campaigners detained some days earlier.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.52)
2012        Jun 11, Syrian troops attacked a central, rebel-held town with helicopter gunships and shelled other restive areas across the nation. 12 people, including three children, were killed in a car bomb blast in Deir Ezzor's Al-Joura neighborhood. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said nationwide violence cost the lives of at least 111 people, including 79 civilians.
    (AP, 6/11/12)(AFP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 11, Taiwan's military said it is looking into how a top-secret computer from a "stealth" warship went missing, amid concerns it might have fallen into Chinese hands. The laptop, installed on board a "Kuang Hua No. 6" class guided-missile vessel, disappeared late last month while the vessel was anchored at the southern port of Tsoying.
    (AFP, 6/11/12)
2012        Jun 11, In Tunisia radical protesters set fire to a police post in La Marsa and to a security kiosk in Kram. Police fired warning shots to disperse them. 7 police officers were injured and 90 people arrested in the 2 days of unrest in three suburbs of Tunis.
    (AP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 11, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez sang, danced and gave a marathon speech at the launch of his re-election bid, offering a preview of a campaign in which he is likely to push his limits trying to show Venezuelans he is emerging from cancer's shadow.
    (AP, 6/11/12)
2012        Jun 11, Yemen military and local officials said fierce clashes between troops and Al-Qaeda militants in the southern province of Abyan have killed 28 people, two of them soldiers.
    (AFP, 6/11/12)

2013        Jun 11, In California a Santa Clara County jury indicted 48 reputed Nuestra Familia gang members on a variety of charges that included the murder of a man last August. The defendants included 38 men and 10 women based in San Jose and Gilroy.
    (SFC, 6/12/13, p.E1)
2013        Jun 11, NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg proposed erecting floodwalls in lower Manhattan and levees, gates and other defenses under $20 billion plan to defend city from rising seas and severe weather.
    (SFC, 6/12/13, p.A5)
2013        Jun 11, Psychiatric patient James Flavey Coy Brown filed a federal civil rights lawsuit in Nevada accusing state officials of giving him a one-way ticket to northern California, where he arrived without money and identification. The complaint sought class-action status for as many as 1,500 people that lawyers claim were bused since 2008 from Nevada to almost every US state.
    (SFC, 6/13/13, p.A8)
2013        Jun 11, Google announced the acquisition of Waze, the Israeli creator of a traffic and navigation app for smartphones.
    (Econ, 6/15/13, p.68)
2013        Jun 11, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber struck outside the Supreme Court in Kabul killing 17 people with wounded 30. Militants in Ghazni province attacked a NATO convoy carrying supplies, killing two Afghan police officers and two truck drivers. 3 insurgents were also killed in the attack.
    (AP, 6/11/13)(AP, 6/12/13)
2013        Jun 11, Brazil’s government said over 100 Mundurucu Indians have occupied the offices of the federal indigenous affairs agency in Brasilia to protest the construction of the Belo Monte hydroelectric dam.
    (SFC, 6/12/13, p.A2) 
2013        Jun 11, British police scuffled with scores of anti-G8 demonstrators in central London and surrounded a building where protest organizers were meeting before a summit of world leaders in Britain next week.
    (Reuters, 6/11/13)
2013        Jun 11, Two 10th century Cambodian stone statues displayed for nearly two decades at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art were returned to their homeland in a high-profile case of allegedly looted artifacts. Widespread looting of Cambodia's ancient temples took place in the 1970s through the 1990s, with many items smuggled through Thailand.
    (AP, 6/11/13)
2013        Jun 11, An Egyptian court convicted a Coptic Christian teacher of blasphemy but didn't hand down a prison sentence. It imposed a $14,000 fine on her.
    (AP, 6/11/13)
2013        Jun 11, In Iraq a bomb struck a military convoy in Mosul, killing 3 soldiers and 2 officers. A policeman in Mosul was also killed when a roadside bomb hit his convoy.
    (AP, 6/11/13)
2013        Jun 11, In northeastern Lebanon six rockets landed in Hermel, wounding four residents. Syrian rebels have threatened to punish Hezbollah for its support of Assad.
    (AP, 6/11/13)
2013        Jun 11, Libya's interim army chief of staff, Col. Salem Qineydi, insisted that militias will have to lay down their arms or join the military by year's end.
    (AP, 6/11/13)
2013        Jun 11, Russia’s State Duma voted 434-0 with one abstention to approve Kremlin-backed legislation which imposes hefty fines for holding gay pride rallies or providing information about the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community to minors.
    (AP, 6/11/13)
2013        Jun 11, South Korea said its first high-level talks in years with North Korea have been scrapped because of a stalemate over who will lead each delegation. The last minister-level meeting between the Koreas occurred in 2007.
    (AP, 6/11/13)
2013        Jun 11, In Syria 2 suicide bombers targeted a police station in Damascus, killing at least 14 people with 31 wounded. Fighting was also reported in Aleppo and Homs. At least 60 people, mostly Shiite fighters but also ordinary villagers, were killed in the village of Hatla in the oil-rich province of Deir el-Zour that borders Iraq. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said thousands of rebels took part in the attack and at least 10 of them were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 6/11/13)(AP, 6/12/13)
2013        Jun 11, In Turkey hundreds of riot police overran improvised barricades at Istanbul's Taksim Square, firing tear gas, rubber bullets and water cannon in running battles with protesters who have been occupying the area for more than a week. The raid came on the 12th day of nationwide protests. The Turkish Human Rights Foundation raised the number of deaths in more than a week of protests to four.
    (AP, 6/11/13)
2013        Jun 11, A Yemeni government statement said attacks on power lines have caused a widespread blackout that has left several provinces and the country's capital without electricity for two days.
    (AP, 6/11/13)

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