Today in History - June 12

Return to home

746AD    Jun 12, The estimated date for the dedication of the Mayan Temple 22 in Copan, (Honduras).
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.31)

1099        Jun 12, Crusade leaders visited the Mount of Olives where they met a hermit who urged them to assault Jerusalem.
    (HN, 6/12/99)

1442        Jun 12, Alfonso V of Aragon was crowned King of Naples.
    (HN, 6/12/98)

1553        Jun 12, King Edward VI accepted archbishop Cranmer's "42 Articles."
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1665        Jun 12, England installed a municipal government in New York, formerly the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam.
    (AP, 6/12/97)

1771        Jun 12, Patrick Gass, Sgt. of Lewis & Clark Expedition, was born in Falling Springs, PA.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1775        Jun 12, In the 1st naval battle of Revolution the US ship Unity captured the British ship Margaretta.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1776        Jun 12 Virginia's colonial legislature became the first to adopt a Bill of Rights. The Virginia Declaration of Rights granted every individual the right to the enjoyment of life and liberty and to acquire and possess property. The Virginia document was written by George Mason and was a precursor to the Declaration of Independence. In 1787 Mason refused to endorse the Declaration of Independence because it did not include a Bill of Rights.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, Par p.8)(AP, 6/12/97)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R55)

1806        Jun 12, John Roebling, civil engineer, pioneer in designing suspension bridges, was born.
    (HN, 6/12/01)

1827        Jun 12, Johanna Spyri (d.1901), Swiss author, was born. She is best known for her novel Heidi, the story of a young girl who leave her home in the Swiss Alps for adventures in the world below. [see June 12, 1829]
    (WUD, 1994 p.1379)(HN, 6/12/99)

1829        Jun 12, Johanna Spyri (d.1901), Swiss author (Heidi), was born. [see June 12, 1827]
    (HN, 6/12/01)

1838        Jun 12, The Iowa Territory was organized.
    (AP, 6/12/97)

1839        Jun 12, Baseball was said to have been invented. According to legend Abner Doubleday chased cows out of Elihu Phiney’s pasture and invented the game of baseball at Cooperstown, New York, later home of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and the Cooperstown Bat Company. In 1939 on the 100th anniversary of the day Abner Doubleday supposedly invented the sport, the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, N.Y. Americans began playing baseball in the 1840s. It was derived from the British game called rounders.
    (SFE, 10/1/95, p.T-11)(AP, 6/12/97)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R34)(WSJ, 7/19/01, p.A20)

1842        Jun 12, Dr Thomas Arnold (b.1795), British educator and historian, died. Arnold was an early supporter of the Broad Church Anglican movement. He was headmaster of Rugby School from 1828 to 1841, where he introduced a number of reforms. In 2012 Mihir Bose authored “The Spirit of the Game: How Sport Made the Modern World."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Arnold)(Econ, 3/3/12, p.95)

1849        Jun 12, The gas mask was patented by L. P. Haslett.
    (HN, 6/12/98)

1862        Jun 12, Confederate General J. E. B. Stuart began his ride around the Union Army outside of Richmond, Virginia..
    (HN, 6/12/99)

1864        Jun 12, Lee sent Early into the Shenandoah Valley.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1880        Jun 12, Baseball’s first perfect game. The southpaw, left-handed Lee Richmond of the Worcester, Massachusetts, Ruby Legs, pitched himself to perfection with a 1-0 shutout of the Cleveland Spiders in a National League game.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1881        Jun 12, The steamship USS Jeannette sank under ice during an expedition to reach the North Pole. The crew, having abandoned the ship, prepared 3 lifeboats in an attempt to reach Siberia. Less than half survived. Chief engineer George W. Melville (d.1912) made it back to NYC on Sep 13, 1883, and in 1900 became engineer in chief of the US Navy. In 2014 Hampton Sides authored “In the Kingdom of Ice: The Grand and Terrible Polar Voyage of the USS Jeannette."
    (http://tinyurl.com/l8pd4zh)(ON, 2/05, p.1,5)

1897        Jun 12, Anthony Eden, British prime minister from 1955 to 1957, was born. He helped establish the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
    (HN, 6/12/99)
1897        Jun 12, Possibly the most severe quake in history struck Assam, India. Shock waves were felt over an area size of Europe.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1898        Jun 12, The Philippines gained independence from Spain. Emilio Aguinaldo, rebel leader, proclaimed Philippine independence. Aguinaldo served as the first president.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A17)(SFC, 3/31/97, p.A14)(AP, 6/12/97)(SFEC, 1/31/99, Z1 p.4)

1900        Jun 12, German Navy Law called for a massive increase in sea power.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1901        Jun 12, Cuba agreed to become an American protectorate by accepting the Platt Amendment.
    (HN, 6/12/98)

1907        Jun 12, A committee from the Vista Grande Improvement Club (Daly City, Ca.) was appointed to arrange for a volunteer fire department and a fire alarm system.
    (DCFD, Centennial, 2007)

1908        Jun 12, Otto Skorzeny, German-Austrian SS colonel who led glider rescue of Mussolini, was born.
    (MC, 6/12/02)
1908        Jun 12, Lusitania crossed the Atlantic in record 4 days 15 hours (NYC).
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1915        Jun 12, David Rockefeller, international banker, was born.
    (HN, 6/12/98)

1918        Jun 12, First airplane bombing raid by an American unit occurred on World War I’s Western Front in France.
    (HN, 6/12/98)

1920        Jun 12, Republicans in Chicago nominated Warren G. Harding for president and Calvin Coolidge, governor of Massachusetts, for vice president.
    (HN, 6/12/98)(WSJ, 6/16/98, p.A17)

1921        Jun 12, President Harding urged every young man to attend military training camp.
    (HN, 6/12/98)

1923        Jun 12, Harry Houdini freed himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1924        Jun 12, George Bush, forty-first President of the United States, was born. He sent the U.S. Armed Forces to defeat Iraq in the Persian Gulf War.
    (HN, 6/12/99)

1926        Jun 12, Brazil quit the League of Nations in protest over plans to admit Germany.
    (HN, 6/12/98)

1929        Jun 12, Anne Frank, German-Jewish diarist and Holocaust victim, was born in Holland. She with her family hid from the Nazis in Holland during World War II. Her diary is world famous
    (HN, 6/12/98)(MC, 6/12/02)

1931        Jun 12, Al Capone and 68 of his henchmen were indicted for violating Prohibition laws. Capone was indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition & perjury.
    (HN, 6/12/98)(MC, 6/12/02)

1933        Jun 12, The World Monetary and Economic Conference in London opened and had as its object the checking of the world depression by means of currency stabilization and economic agreements. Unbridgeable disagreements among the delegates from 64 nations and the attitude of the United States made the meeting a total failure.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Economic_Conference)(Econ, 3/28/09, p.65)

1934        Jun 12, The US Farm Mortgage Foreclosure Act allowed federal loans to farmers to recover property lost to foreclosure.
    (SSFC, 1/18/09, p.D6)

1935        Jun 12, Senator Huey Long of Louisiana spoke continually for 15 hours in Senate's longest speech on record (150,000 words).
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1936        Jun 12, Karl Kraus (b.1874), Austrian writer and journalist, died. He was known as a satirist, essayist, aphorist, playwright and poet.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Kraus_%28writer%29)(Econ, 10/19/13, p.88)

1937        Jun 12, The Soviet Union executed eight army leaders as a purge under Josef Stalin continued.
    (AP, 6/12/97)(HN, 6/12/98)

1939        Jun 12, The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, NY, on the 100th anniversary of the day Abner Doubleday supposedly invented the sport.
    (http://baseballhall.org/museum/experience/history)(AP, 6/12/97)

1942        Jun 12, American bombers struck the oil refineries of Ploesti, Rumania for the first time.
    (HN, 6/12/98)
1942        Jun 12, Anne Frank received her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1954        Jun 12, Bill Haley's "Rock Around the Clock," was originally released.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1957        Jun 12, Bandleader Jimmy Dorsey (53) died in New York.
    (AP, 6/12/07)

1961        Jun 12, The US TV show “PM East and PM West" began airing on the Westinghouse network.
    (SFC, 6/5/11, DB p.42)

1963        Jun 12, One of Hollywood's costliest failures, "Cleopatra," starring Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton and Rex Harrison, premiered in New York.
    (AP, 6/12/98)
1963        Jun 12, Medgar Evers (37), leader (field director) of the NAACP in Mississippi, was fatally shot in front of his home in Jackson by the KKK. An informant in the KKK, Delmar Dennis (1940-1996), later served as a key prosecution witness in convicting Byron De La Beckwith for the slaying. Beckwith was convicted of murdering Evers and sentenced to life in prison; he died in 2001 at age 80. A book by Bill McIlhany titled “Klandestine" recounts the story. In 1996 Whoopi Goldberg starred in the film “Ghosts of Mississippi" as the widow of Medgar Evers. In 1998 Willie Morris wrote “The Ghosts of Medgar Evers: A Tale of Race, Murder, Mississippi, and Hollywood."
    (SFC, 6/5/96, p.C5)(NYT, 6/7/96, p.B14)(AP, 6/12/97)(SFEC, 2/1/98, BR p.5)(SFC, 1/22/01, p.A22)

1964        Jun 12, In South Africa Nelson Mandela, convicted of treason in the Rivonia Trial, was moved into a jail cell on Robben Island. He stayed there until Apr 1982.
    (SFC, 12/19/96, p.C1)(SFC, 7/6/02, p.A19(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A19)

1965        Jun 12, Big Bang theory of creation of universe was supported by announcement of discovery of new celestial bodied know as blue galaxies.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1966        Jun 12, Hermann Scherchen (74), German conductor, music publisher, died.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1967        Jun 12, The US Supreme Court, in Loving v. Virginia, struck down state laws prohibiting interracial marriages. Mildred Loving (1940-2008) and her white husband, Richard (d.1975), married in 1958, had been arrested in Virginia within weeks of arriving from Washington DC and convicted on charges of "cohabiting as man and wife.
    (AP, 6/12/97)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.B1)(AP, 5/5/08)(Econ, 5/17/08, p.105)
1967        Jun 12, The US Supreme Court in Berger v. New York invalidated a New York law under the Fourth Amendment, because the statute authorized electronic eavesdropping without required procedural safeguards.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.23)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berger_v._New_York)
1967        Jun 12, Venera 4, a space probe of the Soviet Union, was launched. It transmitted information on the atmosphere of Venus.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venera_4)

1969        Jun 12, Alexander Deyneka (b.1899), Soviet Russian artist, died. he came from a family of railroad workers and started out as a police photographer after graduating from art school. He made mosaics in the 1930s for Mayakovskaya metro station in central Moscow.
    (AFP, 2/17/11)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Deyneka)

1971        Jun 12, Tricia Nixon and Edward F. Cox were married in the White House Rose Garden. The event was covered by all three major TV networks.
    (AP, 6/12/97)(SFC, 12/1/97, p.A7)

1972        Jun 12, The film “Deep Throat" was released in NYC. Linda Lovelace, aka Linda Boreman (d.2002 at 53), made a hit with her film, the first movie to score a 100 from Screw Magazine. She signed for the film after a performance in which she was mounted by a German shepherd. Boreman later became an anti-porn advocate.
    (WSJ, 4/10/97, p.A12)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0068468/)(SFC, 4/23/02, p.A18)
1972        Jun 12, Richard Kleindienst (1923-2000) was sworn in as the attorney general after John Mitchell left to head the Committee to Re-Elect the President.
    (SFC, 2/4/00, p.D9)(www.answers.com/topic/richard-kleindienst)
1972        Jun 12, At a hearing in front the of a U.S. House of Representatives committee, Air Force General John Lavalle defended his orders on engagement in Vietnam.
    (HN, 6/12/99)
1972        Jun 12, Saul Alinsky (b.1909), founder of the Industrial Areas Foundation, died in Carmel, Ca. He is generally considered the father of community organizing.
    (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saul_Alinsky)
1972        Jun 12, Edmund Wilson (b.1895), author and American literary critic, died. His novels included “Memoirs of Hecate County" (1946). In 1995 Jeffrey Meyers wrote a biography of Mr. Wilson, wherein he documented Wilson’s relationships with four wives and numerous mistresses as well as his writings. In 2005 Lewis M. Dabney authored “Edmund Wilson: A Life in Literature." In 2007 the Library of America published 2 volumes of his literary criticism.
    (WSJ, 4/26/95, p.A-14)(WSJ, 8/26/05, p.W6)(www.nndb.com/people/238/000084983/)(WSJ, 9/28/07, p.W4)

1975        Jun 12, In India the High Court of Allahabad declared Indira Gandhi's election invalid on grounds of alleged malpractices in an election petition filed by Raj Narain, who had repeatedly contested her Parliamentary constituency of Rae Bareli without success.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indira_Gandhi)

1976        Jun 12, In Uruguay the military ousted Pres. Juan Maria Bordaberry (b.1928). Uruguay remained under the control of a right-wing dictatorship until 1985. In 2006 Bordaberry was arrested for the murder of opposition leaders in 1976.
    (AP, 11/16/06)(http://tinyurl.com/yczxw5)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.38)

1977        Jun 12, "Pippin" closed at Imperial Theater in NYC after 1944 performances.
    (MC, 6/12/02)

1978        Jun 12, David Berkowitz was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison for each of the six "Son of Sam" .44-caliber killings that had terrified New Yorkers.
    (AP, 6/12/98)

1979        Jun 12, Cyclist Bryan Allen (26) flew the manpowered Gossamer Albatross across the English Channel. This was the first man powered craft to fly across the English Channel. The bicycle plane was designed by Paul MacCready (1925-2007).
    (Hem, Nov.'95, p.138)(AP, 6/12/97)(WSJ, 9/1/07, p.A4)

1981        Jun 12, "Raiders Of The Lost Ark" starring Harrison Ford premiered.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0082971/)
1981        Jun 12, US major league baseball players began a 49-day strike over the issue of free-agent compensation. The season did not resume until August 10.
    (AP, 6/12/01)

1982        Jun 12, Some one million anti-nuclear demonstrators rallied in Central Park, NYC.
    (www.thenation.com/doc/20070702/schell)

1983        Jun 12, Norma Shearer (80), Canadian-born Hollywood film actress, died.
    (SSFC, 7/25/04, Par p.2)

1984        Jun 12, In San Francisco the Huntington Falls at Stow Lake in Golden Gate Park was again turned on after being rebuilt for $846,000 under a state grant. The 1893 falls had collapsed in 1962 and were turned off for 22 years.
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, DB p.46)

1985        Jun 12, The US House of Representatives approved $27 million in aid to the Nicaraguan contras.
    (HN, 6/12/98)
1985        Jun 12, The town of Xintan on the Yangtze was obliterated by a landslide that sent a 128-foot surge wave down the river. It had been evacuated a few days earlier.
    (NH, 7/96, p.32)
1985        Jun 12, Spain and Portugal signed Accession Treaties to the European Community.
    (http://europa.eu.int/abc/history/1985/index_en.htm)

1987        Jun 12, President Reagan, during a visit to the divided German city of Berlin, publicly challenged Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev at the Brandenburg Gate: “Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall."
    (AP, 6/12/97)(WSJ, 10/18/02, p.AW17)

1988        Jun 12, In runoff elections in France, President Francois Mitterrand's Socialist Party fell short of a majority in the National Assembly. But a right-wing coalition also failed to retain its legislative control.
    (AP, 6/12/98)

1989        Jun 12, The US Supreme Court expanded the abilities of white males to challenge court-approved affirmative action plans, even years after they take effect.
    (AP, 6/12/99)

1990        Jun 12, In a speech to the Supreme Soviet legislature, President Mikhail S. Gorbachev eased his objection to a reunified Germany holding membership in NATO.
    (AP, 6/12/00)
1990        Jun 12, Boris Yeltsin led a vote at the Congress of Peoples Deputies on a "declaration of Sovereignty for Russia." Russia Day became a national holiday honoring this day, when Russian lawmakers decided that Russian laws should take priority over Soviet Union laws.
    (SFC, 6/10/96, p.A16)(AP, 6/12/12)

1991        Jun 12, The Chicago Bulls won their first N-B-A championship, defeating the Los Angeles Lakers four games to one.
    (AP, 6/12/01)
1991        Jun 12, The Mount Pinatubo volcano in the Philippines began erupting for the 1st time in 600 years. [see Jun 15]
    (AP, 6/12/01)(HN, 6/12/02)
1991        Jun 12, Russians went to the polls and elected Boris Yeltsin as president.
    (AP, 6/12/01)(www.cs.indiana.edu/~dmiguse/Russian/bybio.html)
1991        Jun 12, Mintimer Shaimiev (b.1937) became president of the Muslim republic of Tatarstan, located within Russia. He continued as president until the expiration of his 4th term in 2010.
    (Econ, 1/30/10, p.62)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mintimer_Shaimiev)

1992        Jun 12, President Bush, addressing the Earth Summit in Brazil, declared America's environmental record "second to none."
    (AP, 6/12/97)
1992        Jun 12, In a letter to U.S. senators, Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin said the Soviet Union had shot down nine U.S. planes in the early 1950's and held 12 American survivors.
    (AP, 6/12/97)

1993        Jun 12, Reports surfaced that Judge Stephen Breyer, considered a likely candidate to the Supreme Court, had failed to pay Social Security taxes for a domestic employee. (Although Breyer was passed over by President Clinton in favor of Ruth Bader Ginsburg, he was later nominated to serve on the nation's highest court.)
    (AP, 6/12/98)
1993         Jun 12, In Nigeria Chief Moshood Abiola, a Yoruba, was elected to the presidency but the election was annulled by the ruling Hausa and the country plunged into turmoil. Gen’l. Ibrahim Babangida cancelled the elections. The northern Hausa and Fulani tribes tended to dominate the military governments.
    (WSJ, 12/15/95, p.A-16)(SFEC, 7/19/98, p.A20)

1994        Jun 12, At the Tony Awards, "Angels in America: Perestroika" won best play while "Passion" won best musical.
    (AP, 6/12/99)
1994        Jun 12, Nicole Simpson (35) and Ronald Goldman (27) were knifed to death outside of Nicole’s Brentwood, Los Angeles, condominium. O.J. Simpson was later acquitted of the killings in a criminal trial, but held liable in a civil action. “The Run of His Life" by Jeffrey Toobin tells the story of the O.J. Simpson trial.
    (SFC, 5/26/96, p.A-15)(SFEC, 9/8/96, BR p.1)(AP, 6/12/97)
1994        Jun 12, Rabbi Menachem Schneerson, the charismatic Orthodox Jewish leader, died in New York at age 92.
    (AP, 6/12/99)

1995        Jun 12, The US Supreme Court dealt a potentially crippling blow to federal affirmative action programs, ruling Congress was limited by the same strict standards as states in offering special help to minorities.
    (AP, 6/12/00)
1995        Jun 12, Air Force Captain Scott O’Grady, rescued after being shot down over Bosnia, was treated to lunch at the White House and a hero’s welcome at the Pentagon.
    (AP, 6/12/00)

1996        Jun 12, Trent Lott of Mississippi was chosen as Senate majority leader after Bob Dole stepped down to run for president.
    (WSJ, 6/13/96, p.A1)
1996        Jun 12, A panel of federal judges in Philadelphia blocked a law against indecency on the Internet, saying the 1996 Communications Decency Act would infringe adults' free-speech rights.
    (AP, 6/12/97)
1996        Jun 12, The Mohave Desert town of Hinkley, Ca., won a $333 million settlement from PG&E for the leakage of high concentrations of chromium 6 from storage tanks into the groundwater. The film “Erin Brockovich" (2000) was based on the case." In 2008 PG&E paid $20 million to settle the last in a series of suits related to groundwater in Hinkley.
    (SFC, 10/29/00, p.A5)(www.salon.com/ent/feature/2000/04/14/sharp/print.html)(SFC, 4/4/08, p.B14)
1996        Jun 12, Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan said he has sent a team to Cuba to study the country’s health and education systems. He praised the Castro regime for the virtual elimination of illiteracy.
    (SFC, 6/12/96, p.A9)
1996        Jun 12, Ashley Taylor, the lone minor (16) at the Freeman Ranch, left the compound.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.A4)
1996        Jun 12, Chechnya’s pro-Moscow government refused to postpone elections for the local parliament as called for in the recent peace talks.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C2)
1996        Jun 12, In Columbia the lower house of Congress voted to absolve Pres. Ernesto Samper of charges that his campaign was financed by drug traffickers.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)
1996        Jun 12, The Election Commission of Bangladesh announced that the liberal Awami League of Hasina Wajed won 126 seats,  the centrist National Party 103 seats, and the Jatiya Party 28.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C1)
1996        Jun 12, In Palestine, Eyad Sarraj smuggled out a message from a Gaza City jail that said he was being beaten and framed on drug charges.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)
1996        Jun 12, In Spain Judge Jose Jimenez Alfaro lost most of his right hand when a letter bomb exploded at his courthouse in Madrid. He had sent policemen to jail for Spain’s “dirty war" war on Basque rebels in the 1980s.
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C3)
1996        Jun 12, The UN passed Resolution 1060, the 1st of many condemnations of Iraq's denial of access to UN weapons’ inspectors.
    (SFC, 9/24/02, p.A12)

1997        Jun 12, Baseball began interleague play, ending a 126-year tradition of separating the major leagues until the World Series.
    (AP, 6/12/98)
1997        Jun 12, A US administration accord adopted a UN payment schedule. The US would pay $819 million over 3 years conditioned on a UN cut in spending, job reduction, and a lowering of US costs from 25% to 20%.
    (WSJ, 6/12/97, p.1)
1997        Jun 12, The Republicans removed riders and Clinton signed the emergency aid bill for the April Red River flood victims.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A1)
1997        Jun 12, Timothy McVeigh was sentenced to death for the Apr 19, 1995 bombing of the federal office building in Oklahoma.
    (SFC, 6/14/97, p.A1)
1997        Jun 12, The US Treasury Dept. unveiled its new $50 bill. It was meant to be more counterfeit-resistant and to replace the old bill design in use since 1929.
    (SFC, 6/13/97, p.B2)(AP, 6/12/98)
1997        Jun 12, A new computer, speech-recognition program by dragon Systems was touted. It used a 30,000 word vocabulary and cost $695.
    (WSJ, 6/12/97, p.B1)
1997        Jun 12, It was reported that a gene may be responsible for advanced social skills in girls. The results were derived from a study of Turner’s syndrome, related an abnormal x chromosome.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A7)
1997        Jun 12, Mary Robinson, Pres. of Ireland, was named the top human rights official for the United Nations.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A16)

1998        Jun 12, Strikes at GM plants in Flint idled 13 assembly plants and dozens of parts operations and 50,900 workers in the US, Canada and Mexico.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 12, A jury in Hattiesburg, Miss., convicted 17-year-old Luke Woodham of killing two students and wounding seven others at Pearl High School.
    (AP, 6/12/99)
1998        Jun 12, Space shuttle Discovery returned to Earth, bringing home the last American to live aboard Mir and closing out three years of U.S.-Russian cooperation aboard the aging space station.
    (AP, 6/12/99)
1998        Jun 12, Leo Buscaglia, columnist, lecturer and social philosopher known as “Dr. Hug," died at age 74.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A21)
1998        Jun 12, In China torrential rains began in Hunan province and led to the death of at least 40 people. Over 100,000 homes were destroyed.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.A4)
1998        Jun 12, The G8 industrialized nations agreed to halt all loans to India and Pakistan except those for humanitarian purposes.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 12, In Guinea-Bissau some 200 people drowned as they fled the country by boat.
    (SFC, 6/15/98, p.A12)
1998        Jun 12, In France Jean-Paul Guerlain (63), renowned perfumer, was shot and his mansion was plundered when some 12 armed and masked men invaded his home.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A11)
1998        Jun 12, In Nigeria security forces broke up a planned mass protest organized to mark the 5-year anniversary of the annulment of the last presidential elections.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.A10)

1999        Jun 12, It was reported that all 15,000 glaciers of the Himalayas were melting at an alarming rate and that torrential floods in Northern India could result over the next 40 years.
    (SFC, 6/12/99, p.A11)
1999        Jun 12, NATO troops began entering Kosovo. They reached Pristina and confronted Russian soldiers over control of the airport. A Russian armored column entered Pristina before dawn to a heroes' welcome from Serb residents. 2 Serbs were killed and a German soldier was wounded as peacekeepers moved into Kosovo. 2 German journalists were killed near Stimlje by sniper fire.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A1)(SFC, 6/14/99, p.A1)(AP, 6/12/04)
1999        Jun 12, India and Pakistan met for talks on Kashmir with little success as each blamed the other for the insurgency.
    (SFEC, 6/13/99, p.A13)

2000        Jun 12, US Supreme Court Justices in a unanimous ruling curbed patient’s rights and ruled that HMOs can’t be sued over doctor’s incentives to cut treatment costs.
    (WSJ, 6/13/00, p.A1)(AP, 6/12/01)
2000        Jun 12, The US Justice Dept. agreed to compensate the Nixon estate $18 million for the tapes and presidential papers seized in 1974.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A3)
2000        Jun 12, In St. Louis, Earl Murray, a drug dealer, and his friend Ronald Beasley were killed by police during an attempted drug arrest. The two men were unarmed and police fired 20 bullets into their car.
    (SFC, 6/28/00, p.A11)
2000        Jun 12, Akhmad Kadyrov, a Muslim cleric, was appointed by Pres. Putin to head the administration in Chechnya.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A10)
2000        Jun 12, In Chile the worst rains in 20 years began and caused flooding in Santiago and a large portion of the central and southern parts of the country.
    (SFC, 6/15/00, p.C4)
2000        Jun 12, In Indonesia at least 8 people were killed in Muslim-Christian fighting in Maluku.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A11)
2000        Jun 12, Saudi Arabia and Yemen signed an agreement to end decades of border disputes.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A11)
2000        Jun 12, Rifaat Assad, the brother of Hafez Assad, claimed himself the rightful heir of power in Syria. Syrian security forces were ordered to arrest Rifaat if he entered the country.
    (SFC, 6/13/00, p.A10)

2001        Jun 12, Pres. Bush on his 1st major overseas trip met with Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar in Madrid and pushed for his missile defense shield.
    (SFC, 6/11/01, p.A10)(SFC, 6/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 12, A federal court in NYC sentenced Mohamed Rashed Daoud Al-'Owhali, a Saudi Arabian follower of Osama bin Laden, to life in prison without parole for his role in the deadly 1998 bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Kenya.
    (SFC, 6/13/01, p.A3)(AP, 6/12/02)
2001        Jun 12, Gov. Jebb Bush signed into law a bill banning the execution of mentally retarded killers. Florida became the 15th state to do so.
    (SFC, 6/13/01, p.A12)
2001        Jun 12, In Florida Tropical Storm Allison killed another 4 people. 5 were killed in the Panhandle a week earlier.
    (SFC, 6/13/01, p.A12)
2001        Jun 12, Amos Perlmutter, US political scientist and author, died at age 69. His 15 books included “The Life and Times of Menachem Begin" (1987) and “The Military and Politics in Modern Times" (1977).
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A27)
2001        Jun 12, It was reported that Berlin suffered from a $30 million debt. The left-right coalition under mayor Eberhard Diepgen recently collapsed.
    (SFC, 6/12/01, p.A10)
2001        Jun 12, In Ecuador a mudslide killed 36 stranded motorists in the Andes. The deaths raised to 41 the total dead from recent heavy storms.
    (SFC, 6/13/01, p.D4)
2001        Jun 12, Israel and the Palestinians agreed to a cease-fire following 6 days of mediation by US CIA director George Tenet.
    (SFC, 6/13/01, p.D2)
2001        Jun 12, Macedonia broke ties with Taiwan and restored relations with China.
    (WSJ, 6/13/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 12, In Macedonia gunmen shot dead Naser Hani (42), an intermediary between militants and government parties.
    (SFC, 6/14/01, p.C3)
2001        Jun 12, In central Nigeria clashes erupted between the Azare and Tiv communities.
    (SFC, 6/30/01, p.A10)
2001        Jun 12, In the Philippines Muslim rebels on Basilan Island claimed to have beheaded Guillermo Sobero of Corona, Ca., one of the hostages kidnapped May 27.
    (SFC, 6/12/01, p.A8)(SFC, 6/13/01, p.D4)

2002        Jun 12, The Los Angeles Lakers finished off the New Jersey Nets in four games, winning their third straight NBA title with the 113-to-107 victory.
    (AP, 6/12/03)
2002        Jun 12, A U.S. military transport plane, Air Force MC-130, carrying 10 people crashed on takeoff in Afghanistan, killing three Americans, military officials said. Seven escaped with minor injuries.
    (AP, 6/12/02)(SFC, 6/13/02, p.A24)
2002        Jun 12, Bill Blass (b.1922), fashion designer, died of throat cancer in New Preston, Conn. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Blass).
    (SFC, 6/13/02, p.A23)
2002        Jun 12, An associate of the Jose Padilla, the man accused of plotting to set off a "dirty" bomb in the United States, was reported in custody in Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/12/02)
2002        Jun 12, A jury in northern Brazil acquitted 124 police officers accused of taking part in the 1996 massacre of 19 farm workers.
    (AP, 6/13/02)
2002        Jun 12, Brazil's currency fell to a 9-month low and marked a looming debt crises and the possible election of a left-wing president in October.
    (WSJ, 6/13/02, p.A15)
2002        Jun 12, In China more than 200 people have died in some of the worst flooding in years. Crops were destroyed and vast areas were under water.
    (AP, 6/12/02)
2002        Jun 12, Fidel Castro led hundreds of thousands of people in support of a constitutional amendment declaring Cuba's socialist state "untouchable." It was a protest to President Bush's policies toward Cuba and defiance for democratic reforms of his one-party system. A proposed amendment outlined Cuba as a socialist state of workers… organized with all and for the good of all…"
    (AP, 6/12/02)(SFC, 6/12/02, p.A13)
2002        Jun 12, Israeli troops shot and killed five armed Palestinians and a 9-year-old boy in separate incidents near a Jewish settlement, while a Palestinian suicide bomber blew up a fast food restaurant in a Mediterranean resort town, killing a 15-year-old Israeli girl. Israeli forces pulled out of the West Bank town of Ramallah, lifting their latest blockade on Yasser Arafat's office, as Secretary of State Colin Powell raised the idea of a provisional Palestinian state.
    (AP, 6/12/02)(AP, 6/13/02)
2002        Jun 12, Horace Roye (97), British fashion photographer, was stabbed to death at his home in Rabat, Morocco.
    (SFC, 6/13/02, p.A30)
2002        Jun 12, In Nepal some 300 Maoist rebels attacked an army camp in western Salyan district and killed at least 5 soldiers.
    (SFC, 6/14/02, p.A16)
2002        Jun 12, Conservationists in New Zealand warned that Kiwis, the fluffy, flightless birds that are New Zealand's national symbol, could be hunted to extinction by predators within 15 years.
    (AP, 6/12/02)
2002        Jun 12, The party of Yugoslavia's president withdrew from the parliament of the nation's main republic, declaring Serbia's legislature invalid and creating the worst political crisis in the country since Slobodan Milosevic's ouster.
    (AP, 6/12/02)

2003        Jun 12, Lewis “Scooter" Libby, chief of staff to VP Dick Cheney, 1st learned of CIA officer Valery Plame in a conversation with VP Cheney. In 2005 Libby told a Grand Jury that he was authorized to disclose information about the National Intelligence Estimate to the press by his superiors.
    (SFC, 10/25/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/10/06, p.A3)
2003        Jun 12, Air France turned the oldest of its Concordes over to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington.
    (AP, 6/12/04)
2003        Jun 12, EndoVascular Tech., a unit of Guidant Corp., pleaded guilty for failure to report malfunctions of their Ancure Endograft system and was ordered to pay $92.4 million in civil and criminal penalties. Some 2,628 malfunctions between 1999 and 2001 had not been reported.
    (SFC, 6/17/03, p.A1)(SFC, 10/17/03, p.A25)
2003        Jun 12, Gregory Peck (b.1916), film actor, died in Los Angeles at age 87. His many films included "Moby Dick" and "To Kill a Mockingbird."
    (SFC, 6/13/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 12, A US helicopter gunship was shot down in western Iraq, just hours after US fighter jets bombed "a terrorist training camp" in central Iraq. US troops stormed through Sunni Muslim towns, seeking Saddam Hussein loyalists in one of the biggest American military assaults since the war began.
    (AP, 6/12/03)(AP, 6/12/08)
2003        Jun 12, Israeli helicopters fired rockets at two cars carrying Hamas activists in Gaza killing seven people, including a young child, and wounding 29.  The first strike killed two low-level Hamas activists, ages 22 and 24, from a unit that guards city streets.
    (AP, 6/12/03)
2003        Jun 12, The first-ever Mexican freedom of information law took effect, designed to expose the government and its once guarded records and secrets to greater public scrutiny.
    (AP, 6/12/03)
2003        Jun 12, In Peru teachers went back to work after a month long strike that grew to include protests by farmers and government workers and led President Alejandro Toledo to impose emergency measures.
    (AP, 6/12/03)
2003        Jun 12, Puerto Rico police arrested more than 1,000 people during a major anti-drug operation.
    (AP, 6/13/03)
2003        Jun 12, A container ship ran aground off the coast of Singapore and leaked 165 tons of fuel oil into the sea.
    (AP, 6/12/03)

2004        Jun 12, It was reported that engineers had created a “metal-rubber," a substance that conducts electricity like metal, but also stretches like rubber up to 250% of its original length.
    (Econ, 6/12/04, p.14)
2004        Jun 12, Central African leaders of Chad and Cameroon officially opened the taps on one of the largest private investments in sub-Saharan Africa, a 663-mile, $3.7 billion pipeline snaking from Chad through virgin rain forests to the Atlantic.
    (AP, 6/12/04)
2004        Jun 12, Iran said it would reject international restrictions on its nuclear program and challenged the world to accept Tehran as a member of the "nuclear club."
    (AP, 6/13/04)
2004        Jun 12, In Iraq gunmen killed Bassam Salih Kubba, a deputy foreign minister as he went to work in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/12/04)
2004        Jun 12, In Indian-controlled Kashmir suspected rebels threw a grenade into a crowded tourist restaurant, killing 4 people and injuring 25 others.
    (AP, 6/12/04)
2004        Jun 12, A Lebanese Foreign Ministry official said Iraqi gunmen had kidnapped three Lebanese in Iraq and killed one of them.
    (AP, 6/12/04)
2004        Jun 12, In central Pakistan a powerful bomb exploded outside the home of a senior security official, killing one person and wounding three.
    (AP, 6/12/04)
2004        Jun 12, A parade in Moscow celebrated the Day of Russia. Formerly known as Independence Day, the holiday marks the Russian parliament's June 12, 1990, declaration of sovereignty from the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 6/12/04)
2004        Jun 12, In Saudi Arabia an American was kidnapped. An al-Qaida statement, posted on an Islamic Web site, showed a passport-size photo of a brown-haired man and a Lockheed Martin business card bearing the name Paul M. Johnson. Islamic militants shot and killed Kenneth Scroggs of Laconia, New Hampshire, in his garage in Riyadh. In 2014 a court in Riyadh sentenced an Al-Qaeda member to death for the kidnapping and murder of Johnson.
    (AP, 6/13/04)(AP, 6/20/04)(AFP, 8/19/14)

2005        Jun 12, Vice President Dick Cheney, reacting to a growing chorus of calls to close the US prison at Guantanamo Bay, told Fox News Channel there were no plans to do so.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2005        Jun 12, At the LPGA Championship, Annika Sorenstam closed with a 1-over 73 for a three-shot victory over Michelle Wie, who shot a 69 to finish second.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2005        Jun 12, A fire in Philadelphia left 5 children dead. Security bars on windows may have hampered escape attempts.
    (SFC, 6/13/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 12, In Iran 4 bombs exploded in Ahwaz, the capital of  oil-rich Khuzestan province on the Iranian border with Iraq. 9 people were killed and 36 wounded in the deadliest explosions in the nation in more than a decade.
    (AP, 6/12/05)(Econ, 6/18/05, p.42)
2005        Jun 12, The US military announced the killing of 4 more soldiers, pushing the American death toll past 1,700. Iraqi police found the bullet-riddled bodies of 28 people, many thought to be Sunni Arabs, buried in shallow graves or dumped streetside in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12,The Kurdish Parliament elected veteran guerrilla leader Massoud Barzani the first president of Iraq's northern Kurdistan region.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, British troops arrested a group of Iraqi insurgents suspected of carrying out separate roadside bombings that killed two British soldiers.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, The Venice Biennale opened under the direction of Rosa Martinez and Maria de Corral.
    (Econ, 6/4/05, p.80)
2005        Jun 12, Italians voted in national referendums on whether to loosen assisted fertility legislation. 90% voted to change the law but only 26% of eligible voters bothered to turn out.
    (AP, 6/12/05)(Econ, 6/18/05, p.48)
2005        Jun 12, UniCredit, Italy’s largest bank, announced the takeover HVB Group, Germany’s 2nd biggest. This gave UniCredit a commanding presence in Germany, Austria and Poland.
    (Econ, 6/18/05, p.70)(Econ, 10/12/13, SR p.8)
2005        Jun 12, Kuwait state TV reported that the Kuwaiti government has appointed its first female Cabinet minister, a month after lawmakers in this oil-rich nation granted women the right to vote and run for office. Massouma al-Mubarak (54), a women's rights activist and columnist, was given the planning and administrative development portfolios.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, Lebanon held its third round of a four-stage election. Michel Aoun, a Lebanese Christian general, appeared headed toward a surprising victory. He once fought the Syrian army and returned from exile just weeks ago. Fifty-eight of 128 seats in parliament were at stake in the elections in central and eastern regions of the country.
    (AP, 6/13/05)
2005        Jun 12, Pakistan's army seized control of the national telecoms firm after trade unions called a strike against the company's privatization next week.
    (AFP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, The Palestinian Authority carried out its first executions since 2001, killing four convicted murderers as part of a new campaign to rein in lawlessness and chaos.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, In Russia an explosion believed caused by a terrorist bomb derailed a train traveling from Chechnya to Moscow during a national holiday, injuring at least 15 people. The Day of Russia holiday, formerly known as Independence Day, marks the Russian parliament's June 12, 1990, declaration of sovereignty from the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 6/12/05)
2005        Jun 12, In South Africa Makobo Modjadji (27), the famed rain queen of the Bolobedu people, died of unspecified causes.
    (AP, 6/13/05)

2006        Jun 12, US officials said that the Cuban government had cut off electricity to the US diplomatic mission in Havana on June 5 and that requests for power to be restored have gone unanswered. Power was restored the next day.
    (AP, 6/13/06)(AP, 6/14/06)
2006        Jun 12, The US Supreme Court paved the way for more death row inmates to challenge execution by lethal injection. In an unanimous decision, the court allowed those condemned to die to make last-minute claims that the chemicals used are too painful, and therefore amount to cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Constitution's Eighth Amendment.
    (http://talkleft.com/new_archives/015070.html)
2006        Jun 12, FBI statistics confirmed that violent crime in the US was on the rise, posting its biggest one-year increase since 1991.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 12, In SF Superior Court Judge James Warren struck down a voter approved ban on handgun possession. Proposition H, pass last November, would have outlawed possession of handguns by all city residents except law enforcement officers and other who need guns for professional purposes.
    (SFC, 6/12/06, p.B1)
2006        Jun 12, Forecasters issued a hurricane warning for parts of Florida's Gulf Coast as the first named storm of the 2006 Atlantic hurricane season quickly gained strength in the Gulf of Mexico.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 12, Charla Mack was slashed to death in Reno, Nevada. Judge Chuck Weller (53) was shot and wounded the same day by a sniper. Police issued a murder warrant for Charla’s husband, David Mack (45), the next day and declared him a suspect in the shooting of Weller. Mack surrendered to Mexican police on June 23. In 2008 Mack was sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 6/16/06, p.B6)(WSJ, 6/24/06, p.A1)(SFC, 2/9/08, p.A4)
2006        Jun 12, Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed 12 suspected militants in Kandahar province. Taliban militants killed Zulmai Khan, a district intelligence chief, in a drive-by shooting in the Ghazni provincial district of Waghuz.
    (AP, 6/12/06)(AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 12, Gyorgy Ligeti (b.1923), Hungarian composer, died in Vienna, Austria. Stanley Kubrick used his scores in the 1968 film “2001: A Space Odyssey." Ligeti’s opera “Le Grand Macabre," based on a play by Belgian surrealist Michel Ghelderode, premiered in Stockholm in 1978.
    (SFC, 6/12/06, p.B7)
2006        Jun 12, Brunei police said 3 men have been sentenced to a year in prison for sending cell phone video clips that were considered seditious and insulting to the royal family.
    (AP, 6/13/06)
2006        Jun 12, Ken Thomson (82), Canadian newspaper tycoon, died. He helped transform his father's print empire into one of the world's biggest electronic publishers.
    (Reuters, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 12, In northern China a truck carrying the coal tar fell into the Dasha river in Shanxi province. Cleanup crews scrambled to absorb 60 tons of toxic coal tar accidentally dumped into a river before it reaches a reservoir serving a city of 10 million people.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2006        Jun 12, EU foreign ministers reached agreement with Cyprus on a formula to enable Turkey to take its first step in detailed accession talks with the 25-nation bloc.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 12, In Guinea students infuriated by a postponement of exams protested in Conakry, the capital and in Labe, with some throwing rocks and burning tires. The Red Cross said six people were killed during the demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 12, Hungary’s director of national epidemic affairs some 1,200 people the northeast had fallen ill from drinking contaminated water. Flooding caused by heavy spring rainfall contaminated the spring water that flows into the city water system.
    (AP, 6/12/06)   
2006        Jun 12, US-led forces raided a house near a volatile city northeast of Baghdad, killing nine people, including two children. A suicide car bomber plowed into a gas station in northern Iraq, killing four civilians and wounding more than 40. A bomb also struck a minivan of workers in southern Baghdad, killing six people and wounding 10. A roadside bomb detonated next to a police patrol east of Kirkuk, but missed and struck a civilian car. One person was killed in the explosion, two more were injured. Two mortar rounds struck a neighborhood in southern Baghdad, killing three civilians just moments after gunmen strafed the area with random fire. Al-Qaida in Iraq said in a Web statement that a militant named Abu Hamza al-Muhajer was the group's new leader.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 12, In central Israel a crowded, high-speed commuter train derailed after slamming into a pickup truck at a crossing, killing five people and injuring 67.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 12, In Indian Kashmir at least nine people were killed in a series of attacks, including one close to a camp housing Hindu pilgrims, while a boy died in police firing. Suspected Islamic militants shot dead seven Indian laborers.
    (Reuters, 6/12/06)(AP, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 12, Gale force winds battering northern New Zealand cut power to the nation's biggest city, while heavy snow from a cold snap collapsed roofs and blanketed much of the country's south.
    (AP, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 12, In southwestern Pakistan a bomb ripped through a roadside tea stall in Quetta, killing five people and wounding 17.
    (Reuters, 6/12/06)
2006        Jun 12, Hundreds of Palestinian security men loyal to President Mahmoud Abbas went on a rampage against the Hamas-led government, riddling the parliament building and Cabinet offices with bullets before setting them ablaze in retaliation for an attack by Hamas gunmen in the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/12/06)

2008        Jun 12, President Bush went to Capitol Hill, where he prodded rebellious Senate Republicans to help resurrect legislation that could provide eventual citizenship for millions of illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2007        Jun 12, The CDC said up to 75,000 US Marine family members may have drunk water at Camp Lejeune tainted by dry-cleaning fluid over a 30-year period.
    (WSJ, 6/13/07, p.A1)(www.atsdr.cdc.gov/sites/lejeune/)
2007        Jun 12, A report on CEO compensation said Terry Semel of Yahoo topped the list with $71.7 million in annual pay. Half of American CEO’s made over $8.3 million.
    (SFC, 6/12/07, p.C5)
2007        Jun 12, In SF Supervisor Ed Jew surrendered under charges that he lied about where he lived in order to run for office. Jew posted bail and was released. The SF school board approved a 3-year contract for Carlos Garcia offering the ex-superintendent of Nevada’s Clark County (Las Vegas) a salary of $255,000.
    (SFC, 6/13/07, p.A1)(SFC, 6/13/07, p.B4)
2007        Jun 12, In Texas Sgt. Lawrence G. Sprader (25), an experienced soldier who lost contact during a training exercise on the sprawling Fort Hood Army base, was found dead after four days.
    (AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 12, Don Herbert (b.1917), who as television's "Mr. Wizard" introduced generations of young viewers to the joys of science, died in California at his suburban Bell Canyon home.
    (AP, 6/12/07)(SFC, 6/14/07, p.B5)
2007        Jun 12, Afghan police in Nangarhar province mistook US troops on a nighttime mission for Taliban fighters and opened fire on them, prompting US forces to return fire and call in attack aircraft. 8 Afghan police were killed. Gunmen on motorbikes killed two schoolgirls in central Afghanistan. NATO and Afghan forces killed 12 Taliban fighters in Zabul province. A suicide bomber killed one policeman and wounded two in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/12/07)(AP, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 12, Australian PM John Howard agreed to meet the Dalai Lama after opponents charged he was afraid of offending China, drawing an immediate rebuke from Beijing. The Dalai Lama warned major nations not to try to contain China's economic and military rise, and urged countries like Australia to use their trading clout to pressure Beijing on human rights.
    (AP, 6/12/07)(Reuters, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, In Australia outraged victims in the Hunter and Central Coast areas north of Sydney said looters raided abandoned houses, businesses and cars during four days of violent storms, stealing everything from iPods to alcohol and cigarettes.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, In London Chinua Achebe (76), a Nigerian novelist, won the Booker Int’l. Prize for fiction, awarded every 2 years for a body of fiction. He is best known for his 1st book “Things Fall Apart" (1958).
    (SFC, 6/13/07, p.E5)
2007        Jun 12, In Kinshasa, DRC, delegates from 20 African countries began talks on the process of disarming and reintegrating former combatants to boost peace and development on the violence-wracked continent.
    (AFP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, Baron Guy de Rothschild (b.1909), French banker, died. He managed his family's French banking empire and saw it taken over first during the Nazi occupation and then by a Socialist government 40 years later.
    (AP, 6/14/07)
2007        Jun 12, Germany wrapped up one aspect of its Nazi past by shutting down a forced labor fund that paid out more than 4.37 billion euros to 1.7 million elderly victims of the Hitler era around the world.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, Haitian police and UN peacekeepers killed a suspected gang leader wanted in the kidnap-slaying of a French businessman.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, In Bali, Indonesia, a gathering of religious leaders and victims of terrorist attacks, sponsored by the US Libforall Foundation, denounced Iran’s president for claiming the Holocaust was a myth.
    (SFC, 6/13/07, p.A15)
2007        Jun 12, Fierce clashes broke out between joint US-Iraqi forces and al-Qaida militants in Baqouba, leaving two Iraqi soldiers and six militants dead. Suspected Sunni insurgents bombed and badly damaged a span over the main north-south highway leading from Baghdad, the third bridge attack in as many days. Gunmen stormed the house of the Sunni mayor of Muqdadiyah, forcing the family members outside, then blowing up the house. The al-Qaida front group Islamic State in Iraq posted a video showing what it said were 14 captive members of the Iraqi security forces and threatening to kill them in 72 hours if their demands were not met. At least 45 people were killed or found dead including 9 soldiers and civilians in clashes and drive-by shootings.
    (AP, 6/12/07)(SFC, 6/13/07, p.A10)
2007        Jun 12, Authorities said Italian police have recovered an ancient Greek temple dug up in southern Italy by a construction crew who had dumped or looted the prized artifacts and begun to pour cement over the ruins.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, A team of Japanese researchers reported the development of a type of rice that can carry a vaccine for cholera. The vaccine would be delivered in a capsule or pill containing rice powder.
    (SFC, 6/12/07, p.A11)
2007        Jun 12, Kurdish separatist rebels declared a "unilateral cease-fire" in attacks against Turkey and said they were ready for peace negotiations, but the group maintained the right to defend itself.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, A senior official said security cameras are monitoring government workers in northeastern Malaysia to keep them from slacking off or vanishing for extended tea breaks.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, An official said Japan has agreed to offer direct aid to the Palestinian Authority, but will send it to president Mahmud Abbas and not Hamas militants.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, In the Netherlands the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal convicted Milan Martic (52), a wartime leader of Croatia's rebel Serbs, of murder, torture and persecution and sentenced him to 35 years in prison for the 1991-1995 brutal ethnic cleansing campaign of non-Serbs in Croatia.
    (AP, 6/12/07)(WSJ, 6/13/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 12, Shahid Jamil Qureshi, Pakistan’s minister of state for communications, resigned after police named him as a suspect in the death of Kafila Siddiqui, a Canadian citizen of Pakistani origin, at their shared home in Islamabad.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, A rocket-propelled grenade hit the home of the Hamas prime minister, while his fighters captured several positions from the rival Fatah movement and threatened to step up the offensive. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas accused his Hamas rivals of staging a coup and called for a cease-fire.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, Pres. Putin led ceremonies to honor Russia Day. The holiday is one of several that have been shifted or renamed as Putin's Kremlin seeks to shape Russia's image. It was introduced by his predecessor, Boris Yeltsin, to commemorate Russia's 1990 declaration of sovereignty and was long known to many as Independence Day.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development said South Africa is to become the first African country to join an OECD convention requiring adherents to crack down on bribery of foreign public officials.
    (AP, 6/12/07)
2007        Jun 12, Sudan agreed to a "hybrid" UN-AU force of between 17,000 and 19,000 troops and an additional 3,700 police. Some diplomats feared conditions may be attached.
    (Reuters, 6/13/07)
2007        Jun 12, It was reported that the Hadzabe tribe of Tanzania, numbering fewer than 1,500, faced a hastening extinction following a government deal to lease 2,500 square miles of tribal hunting land to members of the Abu Dhabi royal family. Schools, roads and other projects were offered in compensation.
    (SFC, 6/12/07, p.A20)

2008        Jun 12, US House Republicans said an internal investigation of their campaign arm showed that Christopher J. Ward, a former treasurer fired last January, had stolen about $725,000 over a 6-year period.
    (WSJ, 6/13/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 12, US health officials said there were some 228 reported cases in 23 states of people falling ill from salmonella-tainted tomatoes. The 1st patient had become sick on April 10.
    (WSJ, 6/12/08, p.A1)(SFC, 6/13/08, p.A2)(WSJ, 7/10/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 12, Deaths due to the heat wave across the US East Coast climbed past 30 with at least 15 dead in Philadelphia and 7 in NYC.
    (WSJ, 6/13/08, p.A2)
2008        Jun 12, The University of Massachusetts rescinded an honorary law degree awarded 22 years ago to Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, calling his politics "egregious" and his leadership an "assault on human rights."
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Minnesota Katricia Daniels (36) and her son, Robert Shepard (10), were found murdered. Daniels was stabbed and cut more than 100 times and her son had a television smashed over his head. On June 18 Stafon Edward Thompson (17) and Brian Lee Flowers (16), both of Minneapolis, were charged as adults with first-degree murder.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 12, Gunther Stent (b.1924), who helped pioneer the field of molecular biology as one of the first scientists to confirm the structure of DNA, died in Pennsylvania. Stent was born Gunter Siegmund Stensch in Berlin. He escaped Nazi Germany in 1938 and joined his sister in Chicago. His 1963 book "Molecular Biology of Bacterial Viruses" became a key text in the study of genetics.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 12, Jonathan Carr, English journalist and biographer, died in Germany.
    (www.ft.com/cms/s/0/198856aa-3e54-11dd-b16d-0000779fd2ac.html)
2008        Jun 12, Afghanistan's Pres. Hamid Karzai appealed to world donors in Paris for massive, long-term aid for police, road-building and agriculture to help make his country safer and his countrymen less hungry. Donors ranging from the US the World Bank pledged more than $21 billion for Afghanistan. 2 British troops were killed by enemy fire while patrolling the area around their base in the Upper Gereshk Valley.
    (AP, 6/12/08)(AP, 6/13/08)(AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, ASEAN said Southeast Asian and UN experts will have full access to cyclone-devastated parts of Myanmar, where more than a million people have still not received any foreign help.
    (AFP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Brazil 3 armed robbers stole two Pablo Picasso prints from the Sao Paulo Museum of Art and 2 other paintings in a rapid strike in which they bypassed more valuable works. By August 18 police recovered all of the paintings and arrested 3 suspects.
    (AP, 6/13/08)(AP, 8/7/08)(AP, 8/18/08)
2008        Jun 12, The Bank of England reported that inflation in May had risen to a record 4.3%.
    (Econ, 6/14/08, p.71)
2008        Jun 12, In Chechnya at least 25 armed rebels raided the village of Benoi-Vedeno, killing three locals and setting several houses on fire. An internet site with ties to the separatist movement, www.kavkazcenter.com, said the rebels had killed 11 armed men linked to Ramzan Kadyrov, Chechnya's pro-Moscow president.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, Chile’s Pres. Bachelet visited California on a trade mission, addressed the state Assembly and signed a cooperation agreement with Gov. Schwarzenegger.
    (SFC, 6/13/08, p.B12)
2008        Jun 12, Chinese police kicked foreign journalists out of Dujiangyan city, where the collapse of several schools in China's earthquake drew charges of corruption from parents of dead children.
    (AFP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Dagestan, a remote-controlled bomb killed a jogger in a park in the capital, Makhachkala. A passerby was injured and taken to hospital. Police said the explosive device was packed with shrapnel.
    (Reuters, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, Ecuadorean police arrested four men, including at least three Colombians, who were allegedly plotting to kill President Rafael Correa (45). The next day police said 2 of the Colombians purportedly acknowledge having links to Colombia's right-wing paramilitaries and said they were offered US$1.5 million to kill Correa.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, Human Rights Watch said Western donors have failed to condemn war crimes by Ethiopian forces during a year-old campaign against separatist fighters in the country's eastern Ogaden region.
    (Reuters, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Indonesia a local health official said at least 21 toddlers have died of malnutrition in eastern Indonesia in recent months due to a food shortage that threatens the lives of thousands more children.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Iraq US airstrikes destroyed a booby-trapped house believed to be an al-Qaida in Iraq hideout, killing four suspected insurgents northeast of Baghdad. A car bomb exploded as a police convoy passed through a commercial area in central Baghdad. Two people, one a policeman, were killed and 15 others were wounded. An American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/12/08)(AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, In central Myanmar at least 11 people died over the last 24 hours when their homes collapsed from landslides caused by heavy rain.
    (AP, 6/14/08)
2008        Jun 12, Thousands of Pakistani lawyers and activists gathered for a "long march" from Lahore to Islamabad to demand the restoration of judges sacked by Pres. Pervez Musharraf.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, A blast flattened the house of a militant commander in the Gaza Strip, killing four people, wounding 40 and burying an unknown number of others. Israel denied involvement. Hamas said the blast was caused by an Israeli airstrike and responded with a heavy barrage of rockets and mortar shells into southern Israel, wounding an Israeli woman. Earlier in the day Israeli troops killed two Palestinian militants in a clash in northern Gaza.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told Kosovo's leaders he intends to reshape the UN mission there to allow the EU to take on key tasks, according to a letter in the letter to Kosovo President Fatmir Sejdiu. Russia demanded disciplinary action against the head of the UN mission in Kosovo for preparing to hand over powers to a EU mission that Moscow says is illegal.
    (Reuters, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, In Sri Lanka a new round of fighting with Tamil Tiger separatists has killed 11 rebels and two soldiers.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
2008        Jun 12, Taiwan and China agreed for the first time ever to set up permanent offices in each others' territories as the two sides met for their first formal talks in more than a decade.
    (AP, 6/12/08)
2008        Jun 12, Zimbabwe police arrested opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai while he was campaigning for the country's June 27 presidential run-off election. The Zimbabwean opposition's secretary-general Tendai Biti was arrested at Harare airport as he returned home from South Africa to campaign for the June 27 election.
    (AP, 6/12/08)

2009        Jun 12, In New Jersey an Indictment was unsealed today against three individuals who allegedly hacked into the telephone systems of large corporations and entities in the US and abroad and sold information about the compromised telephone systems to Pakistani nationals residing in Italy. Italian law enforcement conducted searches of approximately 10 locations in four regions of Italy and arrested the financiers of the hacking activity. Those financiers allegedly used the information to transmit over 12 million minutes of telephone calls valued at more than $55 million over the hacked networks of victim corporations in the US alone.
    (SFC, 6/16/09, p.A2)(http://newark.fbi.gov/dojpressrel/2009/nk061209.htm)
2009        Jun 12, Guantanamo detainee Ahmed Zuhair and two others were reported to have been sent home to Saudi Arabia, where they would be subject to judicial review before entering a government-run "rehabilitation" program. Zuhair had been held at Guantanamo since June 2002 and had refused to eat since the summer of 2005. He was force-fed a liquid mix to keep him alive.
    (AP, 6/12/09)
2009        Jun 12, In Afghanistan a suicide car bomber hit a fleet of fuel tankers intended for a NATO base in Helmand province, killing eight Afghans and wounding 21. A British soldier was killed Helmand in an explosion during an operation in Sangin district.
    (AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 12, In Algeria at least five members of an Islamist militant group were killed near Constantine, as well as several Islamist clan chiefs in different regions.
    (AFP, 6/18/09)
2009        Jun 12, A Brazilian ship recovered three more bodies from the Atlantic bringing the total to 44. Searchers said weather and currents complicated their job and warned it is unlikely that all the dead from Air France Flight 447 will be found.
    (AP, 6/12/09)
2009        Jun 12, In the Central African Republic 15 rebels of the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) and 3 soldiers were killed in fighting in the northwest of the country.
    (AFP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 12,  Iranians packed polling stations with a choice that's left the nation divided and on edge: keeping hard-line President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in power or electing a reformist who favors greater freedoms and improved ties with the United States.
    (AP, 6/12/09)
2009        Jun 12, In Iraq a senior Sunni lawmaker was killed after delivering a sermon during at a mosque in a former insurgent stronghold in western Baghdad. Harith al-Obeidi (47) led the main Sunni bloc in parliament and was known as a fierce advocate of human rights and the rights of mainly Sunni detainees. The assailant was chased down the street by mosque guards and then detonated a grenade, killing himself and an undetermined number of pursuers. A bomb on a bicycle exploded in eastern Baghdad, killing two people and wounding nine others. An American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 6/12/09)(AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 12, Indian Home Minister P. Chidambaran, speaking in Srinagar, said India is to phase out the controversial presence of large numbers of its troops in towns across the Muslim-majority Kashmir region. Indian troops and paramilitaries were thought to number up to 500,000.
    (AFP, 6/12/09)
2009        Jun 12, In Indonesia a male Sumatran elephant was found dead in a pulp plantation in Riau province, Sumatra with its tusks removed. Six other endangered Sumatran elephants had been killed in Riau in the last two months and two were found with missing tusks.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 12, In Mexico Mauricio Fernandez, a ruling party mayoral candidate in Monterey suburb San Pedro Garza, suggested that as mayor he would avoid confronting the Beltran Levya cartel to maintain peace. Police found the bodies of five men dumped beside on a highway in the northern state of Durango, all with signs of torture. Four more bodies were found in different parts of Ciudad Juarez, across the border from El Paso, Texas. Soldiers arrested Juan Manuel Jurado Zarzoza, the local leader of the Gulf drug cartel in Cancun in charge of drug sales, extortion and kidnappings.
    (AP, 6/13/09)(AP, 6/14/09)
2009        Jun 12, Moroccans voted in a local election that opposition Islamists hope will extend their influence in big cities.
    (AP, 6/12/09)
2009        Jun 12, Mozambican state media reported that a court has sentenced Alexandre Balate to 22 years in jail for killing a suspect. Balate, the former head of the search and seizure unit, was found guilty of the 2007 murder of Abranches Penicelo, who was allegedly abducted by a group of police officers, burnt alive and shot. Amnesty International had drawn global attention to Penicelo's murder. Last year the group released a report accusing the national police of "killing and torturing people with near total impunity."
    (AFP, 6/12/09)
2009        Jun 12, In Nigeria MEND rebels breached Chevron’s Makaraba-Utonana-Abiteye pipeline and started a fire at the Makaraba Jacket 5 facility in Delta State. MEND also released a British oil sector worker who had been held for nine months.
    (AFP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 12, Pakistan’s military said at least 39 Taliban militants and 10 soldiers were killed in fierce fighting over the last 24 hours in the northwest Swat valley. Two back-to-back suicide attacks on mosques in the eastern city of Lahore and northwestern garrison town of Nowshera killed six people including vocal anti-Taliban religious scholar Sarfraz Naeemi.
    (AFP, 6/12/09)(AP, 6/13/09)
2009        Jun 12, In the Philippines fighting with the militant Moro Islamic Liberation Front left 10 dead and 20 wounded. Columnist Antonio Castillo was killed in Masbate province by motorcycle-riding gunmen.
    (AP, 6/13/09)(AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 12, A South Korean newspaper reported that the youngest son of North Korea's authoritarian leader has been given the title of "Brilliant Comrade," a sign the communist regime is preparing to name him as successor to the ailing Kim Jong Il.
    (AP, 6/12/09)
2009        Jun 12, At least 40 south Sudanese soldiers and civilians were killed when tribal fighters ambushed boats carrying UN food aid, the latest in a string of ethnic attacks threatening a fragile peace deal.
    (Reuters, 6/14/09)
2009        Jun 12, Swiss pharmaceuticals company Novartis AG said it has successfully produced a first batch of swine flu vaccine weeks ahead of expectations.
    (AP, 6/12/09)
2009        Jun 12, In Turkey the liberal Taraf newspaper published a copy of “Plan to Combat Islamic Fundamentalism," an alleged military plan hatched last April to overthrow the AK party and to incriminate Turkey’s largest Islamist brotherhood, led by Fetullah Gulen. It was signed by Dursun Cicek, a colonel serving in the army’s psychological warfare unit.
    (Econ, 6/20/09, p.56)
2009        Jun 12, The UN Security Council agreed to expand an arms embargo against North Korea with the goal of derailing the isolated nation's nuclear and missile programs. It passed Resolution 1874 authorizing the search of North Korean ship suspected of carrying illegal arms.
    (AP, 6/13/09)(Econ, 6/27/09, p.50)
2009        Jun 12, In Yemen nine foreigners, including 3 children, were kidnapped while on a picnic in northern Saada province. 3 of the kidnapped were found dead on June 15. In May 2010 Saudi intelligence forces freed 2 German girls, aged 4 & 6. The fate of the others remained unknown.
    (AP, 6/16/09)(AP, 5/18/10)

2010        Jun 12, A French fishing vessel rescued Abby Sunderland (16), a California teenager from her crippled sailboat in the turbulent southern Indian Ocean, bringing relief to her family but ending her around-the-world sailing effort. Sunderland had set out from Los Angeles County's Marina del Rey on Jan. 23, trying to become the youngest person to circumnavigate the globe solo and nonstop.
    (AP, 6/12/10)
2010        Jun 12, In the Bahamas J. Wallace Tutt III, a South Florida interior designer whose elegant creations were popular with movie stars, models and fashion icons, was found dead in a grassy area of the island known as "The Narrows."
    (AP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 12, Food critic Egon Ronay (b.1915), whose eponymous restaurant guides helped Britain embrace fine dining after years of postwar austerity, died. Ronay left communist Hungary for Britain in 1946 and began writing about food for The Daily Telegraph newspaper. In 1957 he produced the first Egon Ronay Guide to British restaurants, modeled on France's Michelin guides.
    (AP, 6/12/10)
2010        Jun 12, China’s government reported that unusually heavy seasonal flooding in southeast China has killed at least 155 people and forced more than 1.3 million to flee as water levels in some areas reached at their highest in more than a decade.
    (AP, 6/12/10)
2010        Jun 12, French PM Francois Fillon said France will slash state spending by 45 billion euros (54.5 billion dollars) in the next 3 years to get its public deficit back down to 3%.
    (AFP, 6/12/10)
2010        Jun 12, Germany’s federal prosecutor's office said that Polish authorities have arrested an alleged Mossad spy from Israel wanted in connection with the slaying of a Hamas agent in Dubai. A man using the name of Uri Brodsky was arrested in early June upon his arrival in Poland because of a European arrest warrant issued by Germany and Germany is now seeking his extradition.
    (AP, 6/12/10)
2010        Jun 12, Iranian police arrested 91 people as the nation marked the anniversary of last year's disputed presidential election.
    (AFP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 12, In Iraq American-backed Iraqi security forces killed 2 suspected insurgents and arrested 7 other south of Baghdad. Iraqi officials said the killed were civilians.
    (SSFC, 6/13/10, p.A5)
2010        Jun 12, In Ivory Coast two people were killed and 30 wounded in a stampede at a reggae concert in the rebel-controlled city of Bouake. Local reggae star Alpha Blondy had organized the concert to promote peace and reconciliation in the West African nation.
    (AP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 12, In Mexico a government media tour to promote tourism in the southwest went awry when machete-wielding Indians briefly kidnapped 13 reporters on the trip. 15 people trying to film a beer commercial were also abducted. The indigenous communal landowners were upset that Grupo Modelo, the maker of Corona beer, had not asked their permission to film the commercial on their property. They were all released unharmed but the Indians refused to return cameras and other equipment.
    (AP, 6/14/10)
2010        Jun 12, North Korea vowed to launch an all-out attack against South Korean loudspeakers and other propaganda facilities along their heavily fortified border, warning it could even turn Seoul into a "sea of flame."
    (AP, 6/12/10)
2010        Jun 12, Pakistani fighter jets destroyed several militant hide-outs in the northwest, killing 10 insurgents in the Orakzai tribal region.
    (AP, 6/12/10)
2010        Jun 12, In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf militants beheaded three loggers in apparent retaliation for government offensives near Maluso town on Basilan island.
    (AP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 12, Slovakia's three party governing coalition fought for survival in a parliamentary election, challenged in a tight race by the center-right opposition. Voters handed PM Robert Fico a setback by giving the center-right opposition a majority.
    (AP, 6/12/10)(AP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 12, In Switzerland a bus carrying 48 Canadian tourists crashed in the canton of Valais, killing two people and injuring at least 15 others, five of them seriously.
    (AP, 6/13/10)
2010        Jun 12, Yemeni tribesmen blew up an oil pipeline outside the provincial capital, Marib, after the government recently bombed the area in retaliation for an attack on a military convoy.
    (AP, 6/12/10)

2011            Jun 12, At the Tony Awards, the big winner was “The Book of Mormon," described by one critic as a “profane and hysterical" musical comedy, from the creators of the hit TV show “South Park." The play earned nine awards, including the year’s Best Musical.
            (AP, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, In the National Basketball Association finals, the underdog Dallas Mavericks defeated the Miami Heat four games to two, to capture their first ever NBA championship.
            (Houston Chronicle, 6/12/11)(Reuters, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, Boxer Mike Tyson was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in Canastota, NY, as thousands of fans cheered the former heavyweight champion. 
            (AFP, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, In Arizona a fire broke out near Sierra Vista. The Monument Fire soon forced 2,600 people to flee their homes and by June 20 had consumed 44 homes.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A6)
2011             Jun 12, In Oakland, CA, about 300 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration near city hall to express their outrage that a white former officer with the San Francisco Bay Area transit police was about to be released from prison. Johannes Mehserle, was convicted of involuntary manslaughter in the shooting death in 2009 of Oscar Grant, an unarmed black passenger. Mehserle only served eleven months of a two-year sentence. Mehserle was released from a Los Angeles jail early the next day.
            (AP, 6/12/11)(SFC, 6/13/11, p.C1)
2011        Jun 12, North Carolina’s Democrat Gov. Beverly Perdue became the state’s first governor to veto a budget bill since the chief executive was given the power in 1997. She said the Republican led Legislature’s $20 billion proposal would do generational damage to public education.
    (SFC, 6/13/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 12, Carl Gardner (83), the original lead singer of 1950s pop group the Coasters, died in Port St. Lucie, Florida. Among the hits he sang with the Coasters were “Yakety-Yak," “Charlie Brown," and “Poison Ivy."
            (AP, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 12, Hollywood producer Laura Ziskin (61) lost her battle with breast cancer and died at her home in Santa Monica, Ca. Among the hit movies she produced were the “Spider Man" series, “Pretty Woman," and “Fight Club."
            (LAT, 6/13/11)
2011        Jun 12, Bahrain sentenced Ayat al-Qurmezi to a year in prison on anti-state charges, including inciting hatred. She had recited poems critical of Bahrain’s rulers.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 12, In the Central African Republic the last major rebel movement active, the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), signed a ceasefire with the government that is set to lead to a peace accord.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 12, Chile's Puyehue-Cordon Caulle volcano continued to emit a cloud of ash, disrupting flights to Buenos Aires, Argentina and Montevideo, Uruguay. Authorities were also monitoring the volcano for its potential to cause landslides and avalanches.
            (AP, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, China’s state media reported that over 600 people have been sickened by lead poisoning in tinfoil processing workshops in Yangxunqiao, Zhejiang province.
    (SFC, 6/13/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 12, In China riots broke out near the southern city of Guangzhou as hundreds of migrant workers protested what they felt was unfair treatment by Chinese security guards. What started the riot was an incident where guards were said to have pushed a pregnant street hawker to the ground, leading to protests by more than 1,000 migrants.
            (Reuters, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, In Egypt Ilan Grapel, an Israeli legal aid worker, was arrested in Cairo on suspicion of spying. In October Israel’s government announced plans for his release in exchange for 25 Egyptian prisoners. The exchange took place on Oct 27.
    (SFC, 10/25/11, p.A2)(SFC, 10/28/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 12, Jordan’s King Abdullah II, in response to demonstrations in favor of reform, agreed that he will soon allow the election of Cabinets, rather than maintaining the current policy of appointing the members. 
            (AP, 6/12/11)
2011        Jun 12, In Libya resurgent rebel forces fought to retake the port city of Zawiya, but were repelled by Khadafy’s forces.
    (SFC, 6/13/11, p.A2)
2011             Jun 12, Syrian troops, led by President Assad’s brother and assisted by tanks and helicopters, successful regained control of Jisr al-Shughour, one of the first regions where anti-government protests had shown strength.  
            (AP, 6/12/11)
2011            Jun 12, In Turkey PM Tayyip Erdogan and his AK party won a decisive victory over rivals, as Erdogan was re-elected for the third consecutive time. The AK took nearly 50% of the votes, but failed to secure a two-thirds majority. This will force it to seek support for constitutional changes. The Republican People’s Party, the main opposition won 26%.
            (Reuters, 6/12/11)(SFC, 6/13/11, p.A3)(Econ, 6/18/11, p.16)
2011        Jun 12, In Venezuela a shoot-out erupted between gangs at the Rodeo I unit of the El Rodeo jail complex. 27 people were reportedly killed.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.40)

2012        Jun 12, A federal judge in Boston sentenced Catherine Grieg (61), girlfriend of mobster James “Whitey" Bulger, to 8 years in prison for helping Bulger stay on the run for 16 years.
    (SFC, 6/13/12, p.A8)
2012        Jun 12, Lanty Molloy (b.1932), patriarch of the family-owned Molloy’s Tavern in Colma, Ca., died of a heart attack.
    (SFC, 6/14/12, p.C3)
2012        Jun 12, Elinor Ostrom (b.1933), the first woman to win a shared Nobel Prize for economics (2009), died In Bloomington, Ind.
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.94)
2012        Jun 12, Texas authorities said they arrested seven members of one of Mexico's largest drug cartels and accused them of laundering money in the United States by buying, breeding and racing American racehorses. On July 3 Jose Trevino Morales, the brother of two alleged cartel leaders, was among 15 people charged in what federal prosecutors said was a money-laundering scheme centered on an Oklahoma horse ranch.
    (Reuters, 6/12/12)(AFP, 7/4/12)
2012        Jun 12, In Afghanistan Taliban bomb attacks killed at least eight people, including women and children in Balkh and Wardak provinces.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 12, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez announced a major economic stimulus plan, using pension and treasury funds to provide nearly cost-free housing loans of up to $77,000 each to 400,000 people who have been closed out of private-sector borrowing.
    (AP, 6/13/12)
2012        Jun 12, Bangladesh turned away 3 boats carrying 1,000 Rohingya Muslims fleeing violence in Myanmar, bringing to 1,500 the number of refugees blocked in recent days.
    (AP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 12, In India police raided factories in New Delhi and rounded 26 up children working in 3 textile factories and a metal processing plant. An estimated 50,000 children were believed working in New Delhi factories despite laws against child labor.
    (SFC, 6/13/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 12, Israeli officials from the Population and Migration Authority said a total of 140 people had been arrested on Jun 10-11, with another 73 picked up in nationwide raids today. Most of the 213 arrested immigrants were from South Sudan.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 12, In Myanmar people fled their burning homes and security forces struggled to contain communal violence in a western region where state media reported the death toll had climbed to 21 since June 8. A Myanmar official said around 25 people have been killed and a further 41 people wounded in five days of unrest.
    (AP, 6/12/12)(AFP, 6/13/12)
2012        Jun 12, Nigeria's stock exchange board announced that exchange regulator Arunma Oteh has been suspended from her post, weeks after she publicly clashed with politicians over corruption allegations.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 12, Pakistani state media said a judicial investigation has concluded that Husain Haqqani, Pakistan's former ambassador, to the US did write a secret letter to American officials requesting their help in reining in the powerful army last year.
    (AP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 12, In Pakistan property magnate Malik Riaz accused Arsalan Iftikhar (32), the son of the chief justice Iftikhar Chaudry, of taking $3.6 million in kickbacks for offering to fix cases for the tycoon.
    (Econ, 6/16/12, p.48)
2012        Jun 12, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber targeted an anti-Taliban tribal elder, killing two of his security guards and wounding two others on the outskirts of Peshawar.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 12, In the Philippines a three-man news team for the Dubai-based Al Arabiya network failed to return to their hotel on Jolo island, a stronghold of the Abu Sayyaf.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)(SFC, 6/20/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 12, In Russia tens of thousands flooded Moscow's tree-lined boulevards in the first massive protest against President Putin's rule since his inauguration in May. Investigators a day earlier searched the homes of several key opposition figures and summoned them for questioning shortly before the start of the rally. Opposition leaders included Alexei Navalny (36), corruption-fighting lawyer, Sergei Udaltsov (35), leader of the Left Front opposition movement, Ksania Sobchak (30), socialite and TV host, and Ilya Yashin (28), a member of the leadership of the opposition Solidarity movement. The protest had city approval.
    (AP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 12, In Singapore, Ng Boon Gay (46), former head of the police drug enforcement unit was charged with corruption for soliciting sexual favors in exchange for help with contracts.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 12, South Africa's disgraced former police chief Bheki Cele was sacked by Pres. Zuma due to his handling of leases for police headquarters that were signed at far above market rates. Cele was suspended in October when a commission of enquiry was launched.
    (AFP, 6/13/12)
2012        Jun 12, South African authorities said the slaughter of rhinos driven by the soaring illegal trade in their horns continues at a record pace with 245 killed since January. Police have arrested 161 suspects, including 138 poachers, since the start of the year.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 12, Syrian forces pounded a neighborhood of the eastern city of Deir Ezzor with mortar fire, killing 10 civilians including a young girl. 3 people were reported killed and dozens wounded in clashes in Al-Haffe. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said that she had information Russia was sending attack helicopters to Syria.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)(AFP, 6/13/12)
2012        Jun 12, Tunisia's justice minister condemned as terrorism a spate of overnight attacks on government offices by gangs including Islamist hardliners, warning that those guilty would be punished.
    (AFP, 6/12/12)
2012        Jun 12, Turkey announced plans to introduce elective Kurdish language instruction in schools, a step aimed at easing tension that Kurdish minority activists argued didn't go far enough. Activists and Kurdish politicians insisted on full Kurdish education in schools.
    (AP, 6/12/12)

2013        Jun 12, In an interview with the South China Morning Post newspaper, Edward Snowden claimed the US has long been attacking a Hong Kong university that routes all Internet traffic in and out of the semiautonomous Chinese region.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 12, Officials in Hartford, Conn., ordered good Samaritan Anthony Cymerys (82) out of a city park because residents were concerned about the safety and sanitation of his free haircuts to homeless people.
    (AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 12, In southern Afghanistan a motorcycle bomb killed an Afghan soldier and a civilian and wounded 15 other people in Helmand province. 6 policemen were found shot at their checkpoint in Helmand province and 2 others were missing, raising suspicions they killed their comrades.
    (AP, 6/12/13)(AP, 6/13/13)
2013        Jun 12, Britain's top court ruled that Nigeria-born, oil tycoon Michael Prest should surrender 7 properties to his English former wife, Yasmin. Prest was ordered to transfer the properties as partial payment of a 17.5 million pound (about $27 million) settlement.
    (AP, 6/12/13)
2013        Jun 12, A strike by French air traffic controllers forced cancellations of more than 60% of flights and disrupted travel elsewhere in Europe.
    (AP, 6/12/13)
2013        Jun 12, Georgia said that it has closed two of its bases in Afghanistan after 10 of its soldiers were killed by militant attacks within the last four weeks. It will not reduce the number of troops serving there.
    (AP, 6/12/13)
2013        Jun 12, Greece's conservative-led government was facing a political crisis after its decision to shut down state-run TV and radio as part of spending cuts triggered a wave of strikes and fierce opposition from within the coalition government. The executive order to close ERT must be ratified by parliament within three months but is faced failure if not backed by all the coalition's members.
    (AP, 6/12/13)
2013        Jun 12, India’s government announced the end of its telegram services. The state-run telecommunications company sent its final telegram on July 14 ending 163 years of service.
    (AP, 7/12/13)(AP, 7/15/13)
2013        Jun 12, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu kicked off a two-day visit to Poland. He met Polish PM Donald Tusk in Warsaw and then headed south to inaugurate a new Auschwitz pavilion meant to educate visitors about the Holocaust and the WWII Nazi quest to exterminate the Jewish people.
    (AP, 6/12/13)
2013        Jun 12, Jiroeman Kimura (b.1897), the oldest man in the world and the oldest man ever, died in Japan at age 116.
    (SFC, 6/13/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 12, Kuwait's PM Sheik Jaber Al Mubarak Al Sabah arrived in Baghdad on an official visit, signaling the improving ties between the two neighbors.
    (AP, 6/12/13)
2013        Jun 12, Mexican prosecutors said they have arrested 12 people in connection with the slayings of 11 young women, whose skeletal bodies were found near Ciudad Juarez early last year. They allegedly belonged to a gang that forced young women into prostitution and drug dealing, killing them when they were no longer of use.
    (SFC, 6/13/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 12, Thousands of Russian opposition activists marched through Moscow on Russia Day, decrying President Vladimir Putin's authoritarian rule and calling for the release of people they consider political prisoners.
    (AP, 6/12/13)
2013        Jun 12, A Syrian government helicopter fired three missiles on a border town in Lebanon, lightly wounding one person. Heavy clashes were reported in Homs, mostly in the neighborhood of Wadi Sayeh. At least 30 Shiite Muslims were killed in Hatlah, a village in Deir el-Zour province. Antigovernment activists put the total at 60 and said most of the dead were pro-government militia fighters.
    (AP, 6/12/13)(SFC, 6/13/13, p.A4)
2013        Jun 12, A Tunisian court convicted 3 European feminist activists, who staged a topless courthouse protest last month, sentencing them to four months and a day in prison.
    (AP, 6/12/13)
2013        Jun 12, In Turkey riot police clashed in the early hours with demonstrators occupying Istanbul’s Taksim Square. The government proposed a referendum on the development project that has triggered the protests. Thousands of black-robed Turkish lawyers stormed out of their courthouses, shouting about the rough treatment police dished out to their colleagues amid Turkey's biggest anti-government protests in years.
    (SFC, 6/12/13, p.A3)(AP, 6/12/13)(SFC, 6/13/13, p.A5)
2013        Jun 12, A UN report added 3 Malian militias and Syria’s main rebel force to an annual “list of shame." 55 armed groups from 14 countries were included. Syrian government forces were added to a list of groups that sexually abuse children.
    (SFC, 6/13/13, p.A2)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Go to June 13