Today in History - June 15

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1094        Jun 15, Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar [El Cid] occupied Valencia on the Moren.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1184        Jun 15, King Magnus of Norway was defeated by his rival, Sverre.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1215        June 15, The Magna Carta ("the Great Charter") was adopted and sealed by King John at Runnymede, England, granting his barons more liberty. King John signed the Magna Carta, which asserted the supremacy of the law over the king, at Runnymede, England.
    (CFA, '96, p.48) (HFA, '96, p.32)(AP, 6/15/97)(HN, 6/15/98)

1330        Jun 15, Edward the Black Prince, the eldest son of Edward III and Prince of Wales (1343-1376), was born. He was the first Duke created in England, the Duke of Cornwall.
    (HN, 6/15/99)(MC, 6/15/02)

1381        Jun 15, The English peasant revolt was crushed in London and Wat Tyler, the rebel leader, was beheaded.
    (HN, 6/15/98)(MC, 6/15/02)

1389        Jun 15, Ottoman Turks crushed Serbia in the Battle of Kosovo. The Serbs were defeated by the invading Turkish Ottoman army at the Battle of Kosovo Polje, the “Field of Blackbirds."
    (SFC, 12/29/96, BR p.7)(SFC, 3/3/98, p.A8)(WSJ, 5/5/98, p.A20)(HN, 6/15/98)

1416        Jun 15, St Francesco de Paolo, was born.
    (HT, 6/15/00)
1416        Jun 15, Joannes Argyropoulos, Greek scholar, was born.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1467        Jun 15, Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, died.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1520        Jun 15, Pope Leo the Tenth threatened to excommunicate Martin Luther if he did not recant his religious beliefs. Pope Leo X excommunicated Martin Luther by the bull Exsurge.
    (AP, 6/15/00)(HT, 6/15/00)

1567        Jun 15, Genoa expelled the Jews. [see Apr 2, 1550]
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1605        Jun 15, Thomas Randolph, English poet and playwright, was born.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1607        Jun 15, Colonists in North America completed James Fort in Jamestown. Hostilities with the Indians ended as ambassadors said their emperor, Powhatan, had commanded local chiefs to live in peace with the English.
    (HN, 6/15/98)(ON, 2/07, p.7)

1750        Jun 15, Marguerite De Launay, Baronne Staal, French writer, died.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1658        Jun 15, The Mogul emperor Aurangzeb imprisoned his father the Shah, after winning a battle at Samgarh.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1667        Jun 15, Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys, French doctor, performed the 1st animal to human blood transfusion. He successfully transfused a few ounces of blood from a lamb into boy (15). Another experimental transfusion this year resulted in the patient’s death and Denys was accused of murder. In 2011 Holly Tucker authored “Blood Work: A Tale of Medicine and Murder in the Scientific Revolution." 
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_transfusion)(Econ, 3/19/11, p.95)

1672        Jun 15, The Sluices were opened in Holland to save Amsterdam from the French.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1752        Jun 15, Benjamin Franklin and his son tested the relationship between electricity and lightning by flying a kite in a thunder storm. [see May 10]
    (HN, 6/15/01)

1767        Jun 15, Rachel Robards Jackson, U.S. first lady to Andrew Jackson, she caused a scandal by marrying Jackson before divorcing her husband, was born.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1775        Jun 15, The Second Continental Congress voted unanimously to appoint George Washington head of the Continental Army.
    (AP, 6/15/97)(HN, 6/15/98)
1775        Jun 15, Word reached the Americans that the British intended to occupy the Charlestown peninsula.
    (HT, 3/97, p.30)

1776        Jun 15, Delaware declared independence from both England and Pennsylvania with whom it had shared a royal governor.
    (WSJ, 5/30/00, p.A24)

1785        Jun 15, Two Frenchmen attempting to cross the English Channel in a hot-air balloon were killed when their balloon caught fire and crashed, in possibly the first fatal aviation accident.
    (AP, 2/26/13)(www.space.com/16595-montgolfiers-first-balloon-flight.html)

1794        Jun 15, The Guillotine was moved to outskirts of Paris.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1810        Jun 15, Englishman William Cobbett (1763-1810) was found guilty of treasonous libel after objecting in The Register to the flogging at Ely of local militiamen by Hanoverians. He was sentenced to two years imprisonment in infamous Newgate Prison. While in prison he wrote the pamphlet Paper against Gold, warning of the dangers of paper money, as well as many Essays and Letters. On his release a dinner in London, attended by 600 people, was given in his honor, presided over by Sir Francis Burdett who, like Cobbett, was a strong voice for parliamentary reform.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Cobbett)

1836        Jun 15, Arkansas was admitted into the Union as the 25th state.
    (AP, 6/15/97)(HN, 6/15/98)

1843        Jun 15, Edvard Grieg (d.1907), Norwegian composer, was born. He was best known for his "Peer Gynt" suite. In 1999 over 40 unknown pieces from 1858-1862 were found in Bergen, Germany. Grieg studied at Leipzig during this period.
    (WUD, 1994, p.622)(SFC, 2/23/99, p.B3)(HT, 6/15/00)

1844        Jun 15, Charles Goodyear (1800-1860) received patent #3633 for the vulcanization of rubber, his process to strengthen rubber. He had perfected the process in 1839 and never took out a European patent.
    (AP, 6/15/97)(www.patents4technologies.com/Historical.htm)(ON, 6/07, p.11)

1846        Jun 15, The United States and Britain signed a treaty settling a boundary dispute between Canada and the United States in the Pacific Northwest at the 49th parallel. Great Britain and the U.S. agreed on a joint occupation of Oregon Territory. President Polk agreed to a compromise border along the 49th parallel. The debate over the northwestern border of the United States. The campaign slogan "54-40 or fight" referred to the debate over the northwestern border of the United States. The slogan "54-40 or fight" refers to the north latitude degree and minute where many Americans wanted to place the border between the U.S. and then Great Britain in the Pacific Northwest.
    (AP, 6/15/97)(HN, 6/15/98)(SFC, 1/25/99, p.A3)(HNQ, 3/28/00)
1846        Jun 15, Washington diplomats established a straight line border between the US and Canada in the northwest and thus established Point Roberts, Wa. as the westernmost corner of the US. The enclave is 4.9 sq. miles.
    (SFC, 5/20/96, p.A-6)

1849        Jun 15, James Polk, the 11th president of the United States, died of cholera in Nashville, Tenn. Following a visit to New Orleans. In 2008 Walter R. Borneman authored “Polk: The Man Who Transformed the Presidency and America."
    (AP, 6/15/97)(WSJ, 5/16/08, p.W8)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.55)

1851        Jun 15, Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, set up the 1st ice-cream factory.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1855        Jun 15, Stamp duty on British newspapers was abolished.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1862        Jun 15, General J.E.B. Stuart completes his "ride around McClellan."
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1863        Jun 15, The 2nd battle at Winchester, Va., ended in Federal defeat with 1350 casualties.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1864        Jun 15, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton signed an order establishing a military burial ground at Robert E. Lee's home estate at Arlington. This became Arlington National Cemetery. It was founded by Union Quartermaster Gen. Montgomery C. Meigs, who had lost a son in the war. The first soldier buried at Arlington was on May 13, 1864.
    (AP, 6/15/97)(SFC, 2/16/09, p.E6)(SFC, 5/14/14, p.A6)
1864        Jun 15, Battle for Petersburg, Virginia, began as Union forces skirmished against the Confederate line.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1866        Jun 15, Prussia attacked Austria.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1869        Jun 15, Celluloid was patented in the USA. [see Apr 6]
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1877        Jun 15, Some 800 Nez Perce were pursued by the US Army and began their journey to reach safety in Canada. The Nez Perce had been ordered to leave the valley of the Winding Waters in the Northwest. They refused to be resettled and fled.
    (SFC, 6/13/97, p.A13)(SFEC, 6/15/97, Par p.1)
1877        Jun 15, Henry O. Flipper (d.1931 at 84) became the first African American to be graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. He was given a dishonorable discharge from the army in 1882 on charges that appeared to be racially motivated. In 1999 Pres. Clinton granted him a posthumous pardon.
    (HN, 6/15/98)(SFC, 2/19/99, p.A17)

1888        Jun 15, Wilhelm II became emperor of Germany.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1889        Jun 15, Mihai Eminescu, born in 1850 as Mihail Eminovici, died in Bucharest. He was a Romantic poet, novelist and journalist, and often regarded as the most famous and influential Romanian poet.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mihai_Eminescu)

1897        Jun 15, May Belle Elsas (d.2003), opera singer and actress, was born in NYC. She changed her name to Mary Ellis when she joined the Metropolitan Opera at age 18.
    (SFC, 2/3/03, p.B4)

1898        Jun 15, The U.S. House of representatives approved the annexation of Hawaii. Some 38,000 Hawaiians opposing annexation signed the "Monster Petition" that was delivered to Washington by Queen Lili’uokalani. The petition was ignored.
    (HN, 6/15/98)(SFEC, 8/9/98, p.D2)
1898        Jun 15, US marines attacked the Spanish off Guantanamo, Cuba.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1902        Jun 15, Erik H. Erickson, Danish-born psychologist who wrote “Childhood and Society," was born.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1903        Jun 15, Barney Oldfield (1878-1946), race car driver, drove a Ford 999 at a record mile per minute.
    (Ind, 10/6/01, 5A)

1904        Jun 15, A fire erupted aboard the steamboat General Slocum, owned by the Knickerbocker Steamboat Co., in New York City’s East River and some 1,021 people died. The ship carried a congregation of a German church on its annual picnic. Capt. William van Schaick (1837-1927) was convicted of manslaughter and sentenced to 10 years in Sing Sing. He was pardoned by Pres. Taft in 1911.
    (AP, 6/15/97)(www.newyorkhistory.info)(ON, 2/06, p.9)

1910        Jun 15, The ship Terra Nova departed Cardiff, Wales, on its expedition to the Ross Sea and South Pole. Expedition leader Robert Falcon Scott joined the ship in South Africa. Herbert Ponting (1870-1935) served as the expedition photographer and cinematographer. In this role, he captured some of the most enduring images of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terra_Nova_Expedition)(SSFC, 11/3/13, DB p.42)

1914        Jun 15, Yuri Andropov, Russian KGB chief, 1st secretary, was born.
    (MC, 6/15/02)
1914        Jun 15, Saul Steinberg, American cartoonist (New Yorker), was born in Romania.
    (HN, 6/15/01)

1916        Jun 15, President Woodrow Wilson signed a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1917        Jun 15, The US Espionage Act was passed. It was used to ban Marxist magazines from the mails and was soon followed by the Sedition Act. Eugene Debs was sent to prison for opposing the war under the Espionage Act.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Espionage_Act_of_1917)(WSJ, 10/29/98, p.A20)
1917        Jun 15, Great Britain pledged the release of all Irish captured during the Easter Rebellion of 1916.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1918        May 15, The U.S. Post Office and the U.S. Army began regularly scheduled airmail service between Washington and New York through Philadelphia. Lieutenant George L. Boyle, an inexperienced young army pilot, was chosen to make the first flight from Washington. Even with a route map stitched to his breeches, Boyle lost his way and flew south rather than north. The second leg of the Washington--Philadelphia--New York flight, however, took off and arrived in New York on schedule--without the Washington mail.
    (AP, 5/15/97)(HNPD, 6/15/99)

1920        Jun 15, Three African Americans were lynched in Duluth, Minnesota, by a white mob of 5,000.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1922        Jun 15, Morris “Mo" Udall (d.1998), U.S. Congressman from Arizona (1961-1991), was born in St. Johns, Az. He was one of 6 children in a pioneer Mormon family and was instrumental in investigating the Mai Lai Massacre in Vietnam and later sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1976.
    (HN, 6/15/99)(SFC, 12/14/98, p.A5)

1924        Jun 15, J. Edgar Hoover assumed leadership of the FBI. [see May 10]
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1925        Jun 15, Richard Baker, English broadcaster, was born.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1928        Jun 15, Republicans, convening in Kansas City, named Herbert Hoover their candidate for President.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1932        Jun 15, Mario M. Cuomo, (Gov-D-NY, 1982-94), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 6/15/02)
1932        Jun 15, Gaston Means was sentenced to 15 years for fraud in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1937        Jun 15, Waylon Jennings (d.2002), country singer, was born in Littlefield, Texas, where his father worked on a cotton farm.
    (SFC, 2/14/02, p.A2)

1938        Jun 15, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (b.1880), German Expressionist painter, died by his own hand.
    (http://www.the-artists.org)

1940        Jun 15, The French fortress of Verdun was captured by Germans.
    (HN, 6/15/98)
1940         Jun 15, The Soviets invaded Lithuania.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)

1941        Jun 15, Evelyn Underhill, English poet and mystic, died.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1942        Jun 15, Xaviera Hollander, [DeVries], celebrity "author" (Happy Hooker), was born in Surabaya, Indonesia.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1943        Jun 15, The 8,000-ton Rosandra, an Italian merchant ship, sank after being torpedoed by a British submarine a day earlier off Albania's southern coast. 6 people died but 173 were safely evacuated to land. In 2010 underwater archeologists reported the discovery of the ship.
    (AP, 6/14/10)(www.uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/3507.html)

1944        Jun 15, American forces began their successful invasion of Saipan during World War II. Meanwhile, B-29 Superfortresses made their first raids on Japan.
    (AP, 6/15/97)(HN, 6/15/98)

1947        Jun 15, The All-Indian Congress accepted a British plan for the partition of India. Britain partitioned the subcontinent and Pakistan was founded as an independent country.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(HN, 6/15/98)

1951        Jun 15, 1st commercial electronic computer was dedicated in Philadelphia. [see Jun 14]
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1954        Jun 15, The Convention People’s Party, led by Kwame Nkrumah, won the Gold Coast elections (later part of Ghana).
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1958        Jun 15, Greece severed military ties to Turkey because of the Cyprus issue.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1960        Jun 15, The Billy Wilder movie “The Apartment," starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine, opened in New York.
    (AP, 6/15/00)

1963        Jun 15, "Sound of Music" closed at Lunt Fontanne Theater in NYC after 1443 performances.
    (MC, 6/15/02)
1963        Jun 15, Israeli premier David Ben-Gurion resigned.
    (MC, 6/15/02)

1964        Jun 15, The last French troops left Algeria.
    (HN, 6/15/98)

1967        Jun 15, Gov. Reagan signed the Therapeutic Abortion Act, which permitted abortions in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy if a woman's life or health was threatened or the pregnancy was the result of rape or incest.
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(AP, 6/15/07)

1972        Jun 15, Ulrike Meinhof (1934-1976), co-leader of the Baader-Meinhof gang, was arrested in West Germany.
    (SFC, 1/10/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 4/3/09, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulrike_Meinhof)

1977        Jun 15, The first general election in Spain since 1936 resulted in victory for the UCD (Union of Democratic Center).
    (HN, 6/15/99)

1978        Jun 15, Lisa Halaby (b.1951), American-Arab of New York, married Jordan’s King Hussein and became Queen Noor.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Noor_of_Jordan)(AP, 6/15/97)

1983        Jun 15, The US Supreme Court struck down state & local restrictions on abortion.
    (www.rtl.org/html/hot_topics_html/supreme_court_decisions.html)

1985        Jun 15, In St. Petersburg, Russia, a middle-aged Lithuanian man pulled out a knife and slashed the stomach and thigh of the nude woman, Danaë, depicted in the Rembrandt masterpiece. He then hurled a jar of acid at the picture and splashed a militiaman in the face. He was overpowered by guards who found explosives strapped to his legs and trousers. The painting was restored and put back on exhibit in 1997.
    (SFC, 10/14/97, p.B5)

1986        Jun 15, Pravda announced that the high-level Chernobyl staff in Ukraine was fired.
    (http://tinyurl.com/ydptos)

1987        Jun 15, The Supreme Court struck down a Maryland law allowing use of "victim impact statements" at sentencing hearings of a capital case.
    (AP, 6/15/97)

1988        Jun 15, Hong Kong announced a clampdown on "boat people," saying newly arriving Vietnamese refugees would be incarcerated and returned to Vietnam if they could not prove that they had fled religious or political persecution.
    (AP, 6/15/98)

1989        Jun 15, Three Chinese workers in Shanghai were sentenced to death for helping to set fire to a train during recent pro-democracy protests.
    (AP, 6/15/99)

1990        Jun 15, Real estate mogul Donald Trump missed a payment due on junk bonds used to finance one of his Atlantic City, New Jersey, resorts.
    (AP, 6/15/00)
1990        Jun 15, The Dublin regime was established by the Dublin Convention and signed in Dublin, Ireland. It first came into force on 1 September 1997. The EU’s Dublin Rule said that people applying for asylum in an EU country other than the one they first entered should be returned to that first country.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dublin_Regulation)(Econ, 9/12/15, p.25)

1991        Jun 15, The song "Love Is A Wonderful Thing" by Michael Bolton (b.1953) reached #3 on the pop singles chart.
    (www.rockonthenet.com/archive/1991/06-15.htm)
1991        Jun 15, India concluded its violence-racked elections, with the Congress Party of recently assassinated former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi gaining a plurality of votes.
    (AP, 6/15/01)
1991        Jun 15, Mount Pinatubo (4,750 feet high) exploded in a cataclysmic eruption. Due to early warning 56,000 people were evacuated and only 450 people died. The eruption forced the closure of Clark Air Force Base in Angeles City and displaced hundreds of families of the Aeta tribe. [see June 12]
    (SSFC, 11/11/01, p.F4)(http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/1997/fs113-97/)
1991        Jun 15, Arthur Lewis (b.1915), Saint Lucian economist, died in Barbados. According to Lewis, developing countries' industrial wages begin to rise quickly at the point when the supply of surplus labor from the countryside tapers off. The “Lewis turning point," named after him, gained wide circulation in the context of economic development in China. His work included “The Theory of Economic Growth" (1955) in which he sought to “provide an appropriate framework for studying economic development.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, SR p.16)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Lewis_%28economist%29)

1992        Jun 15, Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin arrived in the United States for his summit with President Bush.
    (AP, 6/15/97)
1992        Jun 15, The US Supreme Court ruled the government may kidnap criminal suspects from a foreign country for prosecution.
    (AP, 6/15/97)
1992        Vice President Dan Quayle, relying on a faulty flash card, erroneously instructed a Trenton, N.J., elementary school student to spell "potato" as "potatoe" during a spelling bee.
    (AP, 6/15/97)

1993        Jun 15, Former Texas Gov. John Connally, who was wounded in the gunfire that killed President Kennedy, died at age 76.
    (AP, 6/15/98)
1993        Jun 15, In Azerbaijan former Communist party chief Geidar Aliyev (1923-2003) became head of parliament.  A fifth of Azerbaijan was controlled by Armenian insurgents when Abulfaz Elchibey was ousted from the presidency and replaced by former Communist party chief Geidar Aliyev. Under Aliyev Azerbaijan joined the Commonwealth of Independent States in Sept.
    (CO, Grolier’s Amer. Acad. Enc./ Azerbaijan)
1993        Jun 15, James Hunt, English motor-racing driver, died.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1994        Jun 15, Disney's "Lion King," opened in US theaters.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0110357/releaseinfo)
1994        Jun 15, Former President Jimmy Carter arrived in North Korea on a private mission to try to reduce tensions with the communist nation.
    (AP, 6/15/99)
1994        Jun 15, Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 6/15/97)
1994        Jun 15, Mauritius established its 16,000-acre Black River Gorges National Park.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_River_Gorges_National_Park)

1995        Jun 15, The Summit of 7 leading industrialist nations, G-7, met in Halifax, Canada, for talks on a unified front against terrorism. President Clinton met with Japanese PM Tomiichi Murayama on the opening day of a Group of Seven summit in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
    (AP, 6/15/00)(SFC, 6/20/97, p.A16)
1995        Jun 15, At the O.J. Simpson murder trial, Simpson struggled to don a pair of gloves that prosecutors said were worn the night Simpson’s ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman, were murdered.
    (AP, 6/15/00)

1996        Jun 15, The US Postal Service began printing a breast cancer awareness stamp.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.B1)
1996        Jun 15, Mary Ashley (1931-1996), video and performance artist, died in San Francisco. She helped found the ONCE Group in Ann Arbor, Mich., and had been involved in the “correspondence art" movement and the Fluxus group of artists.
    (SFC, 7/10/96, p.A4)
1996        Jun 15, Ella Fitzgerald (78), jazz singer, the "first lady of song," died in Beverly Hills, Calif.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A1)(AP, 6/15/97)
1996        Jun 15, A truck bomb blew up in a retail district of Manchester, England, injuring more than 200 people at the Arndale Center mall in an attack claimed by the Irish Republican Army.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A1)(AP, 6/15/97)
1996        Jun 15, UN weapons inspectors gave up after a 5-day standoff with Iraqi authorities over inspection of 4 sites for documents and other material relating to weapons of mass destruction.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A11)
1996        Jun 15, In Yemen heavy floods hit the country and more than 65 people were believed dead and hundreds made homeless.
    (SFC, 6/15/96, p.A10)

1997        Jun 15, In Columbia FARQ released 70 soldiers held as prisoners. FARQ regional commander Gen’l. Manuel Jose Bonett read a communiqué that set preconditions for the start of peace talks to end 30 years of civil war.
    (SFC, 6/16/97, p.A9)
1997        Jun 15, In Croatia voting irregularities occurred as Franjo Tudjman led low-turnout elections with 59%.
    (SFC, 6/16/97, p.A8)
1997        Jun 15, Israel's Supreme Court rejected an appeal to charge Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu with fraud in an influence-peddling scandal that had threatened to topple his government.
    (AP, 6/15/98)
1997        Jun 15, Kim Casali, English cartoonist, died.
    (HT, 6/15/00)

1998        Jun 15, The Supreme Court ruled unanimously that state prison inmates are protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act.
    (AP, 6/15/99)
1998        Jun 15, In Richmond, Virginia, Quinshawn Booker (14) fired 8-9 rounds from a .32 caliber semiautomatic pistol at Armstrong High School and wounded a coach and a volunteer aide.
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 15, US F-16 fighter jets took off as part of a 13-nation, 85 warplane NATO show of force over Albania and Macedonia. Meanwhile Serb forces attacked 4 Kosovo villages with grenades and helicopter gunships and began sealing off the border to Albania.
    (SFC, 6/15/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/15/98, p.A1)(SFC, 6/16/98, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/16/98, p.A1)(SFC, 6/20/98, p.B2)(AP, 6/15/99)
1998        Jun 15, In Indonesia Habibie replaced the attorney general, a Suharto appointee, with Major Gen’l. Andi Muhammad Galib, chief of the military’s law office and chief auditor.
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A10)
1998        Jun 15, In Nigeria nine prominent political prisoners were released.
    (SFC, 6/16/98, p.A10)

1999        Jun 15, Rosa Parks (86) was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. It was the 121st such medal awarded.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.A3)
1999        Jun 15, The US Senate passed legislation protecting companies from lawsuits stemming from Year 2000 computer problems.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 15, In Colombia leftist rebels of the ELN released 33 hostages from the church group kidnapped 17 days earlier. At least 20 others were kept captive.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.B3)
1999        Jun 15, In Europe Coca Cola drinks were pulled from shelves after 31 Belgian schoolchildren began reporting illnesses on June 8. Bad carbon dioxide was traced to a fungicide on the surface of the cans.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.B3)(SFC, 6/17/99, p.C3)
1999        Jun 15, Vessels from North Korea and South Korea clashed on the Yellow Sea; about 30 North Korean sailors are believed to have died.
    (AP, 6/15/00)
1999        Jun 15, In Mexico a 6.7 earthquake killed at least 12 people in Puebla. The death toll rose to 19 and 4,000 people were forced from their homes.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.A1)(SFC, 6/17/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/18/99, p.D3)
1999        Jun 15, In Peru Maoist Shining Path rebels killed 8 people in a remote village in the center of the country.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.B2)
1999        Jun 15, In Serbia the Orthodox Church called for Pres. Milosevic to resign. Serb officials said 20 Serbs had been killed or kidnapped in Pristina. The exodus of refugees from Macedonia to Kosovo accelerated. Thousands of Ethnic Albanian refugees flooded back into Kosovo while thousands of Serbs fled.
    (SFC, 6/16/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/16/99, p.A20)(AP, 6/15/00)

2000        Jun 15, Denis Savard, Joe Mullen and Walter L. Bush Junior were selected to the Hockey Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 6/15/01)
2000        Jun 15, Al Gore named Commerce Secretary William Daley to take over his presidential campaign, replacing Tony Coelho, who had abruptly resigned, citing health problems.
    (AP, 6/15/01)
2000        Jun 15, US federal agents made over 170 arrests in the breakup of a Mexican heroin ring based in Nayarit state. The US-based ringleader, Oscar Hernandez (35), and his wife, Maria Lopez (39), were arrested in Panorama City. Operation Tar Pit began last October in San Diego.
    (SFC, 6/16/00, p.A5)
2000        Jun 15, In Canada demonstrators in Toronto protested cuts in social programs and clashed with police.
    (SFC, 6/16/00, p.A19)
2000        Jun 15, Ethiopia accepted a preliminary cease-fire plan and together with Eritrea planned to sign documents in Algeria.
    (SFC, 6/16/00, p.A19)
2000        Jun 15, In Kosovo 2 Serbs were killed and another wounded when their vehicle ran over a land mine. NATO peacekeepers raided an ethnic Albanian stronghold in Drenica and seized a large quantity of weapons and ammunition. Halil Dreshaj, a member of the Democratic League of Kosovo, was shot and killed by masked men wearing uniforms of the disbanded KLA.
    (SFC, 6/15/00, p.A19)(SFC, 6/17/00, p.A10)

2001        Jun 15, The Los Angeles Lakers defeated the Philadelphia 76ers 108-96 in game five to win their second straight NBA championship.
    (AP, 6/14/02)   
2001        Jun 15, Pres. Bush spoke in Poland and strongly backed the expansion of Nato into Eastern Europe. On the eve of his first meeting with Vladimir Putin, President Bush, chastised Russia for suspected nuclear commerce and encouraged the former Cold War rival to help "erase the false lines that have divided Europe."
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A1)(AP, 6/14/02)
2001        Jun 15, The US cancelled $16 million of Tanzania’s debt and committed to canceling the remaining $10 million by the end of the year.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A7)
2001        Jun 15, It was reported that the Bush administration had decided to restore some military ties with Indonesia. The Clinton administration had cut some ties during the 1999 upheavals in East Timor.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A6)
2001        Jun 15, US Catholic Bishops voted 209-7 to stop the performance of sterilizations in Catholic hospitals. The new policy applied to 620 US Catholic health care facilities and included non Catholic facilities acquired in mergers.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A21)
2001        Feb 15, In Cicero, Ind., the town president, Betty Loren-Maltese, and 9 others were charged with stealing $10 million in taxpayer money and spending it on a horse farm and golf course.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A5)
2001        Jun 15, The UN voted to keep peacekeepers in Congo for another year.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A7)
2001        Jun 15, In Macedonia rebels declared a unilateral cease-fire as politicians began talks to resolve the crises.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A7)
2001        Jun 15, Mexico’s Pres. Fox launched his Plan Puebla-Panama aimed at helping the poorer south and the poor countries of Central America. The program was launched June 15, but by 2007 only $4.5 billion of a projected $50 billion had been invested. In 2007 Pres. Calderon re-launched the program.
    (Econ, 4/14/07, p.41)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plan_Puebla_Panama)
2001        Jun 15, In Russia the State Duma passed land reform legislation (251-22) that permitted the sale and purchase of private property, but not farmland.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A6)
2001        Jun 15, In Sweden some 12,000 demonstrators in Goteborg demonstrated and set up flaming barricades to protest globalization. Police cordons had kept them away from Pres. Bush and EU leaders.
    (SFC, 6/16/01, p.A6)
2001        Jun 15, In Tajikistan gunmen kidnapped 15 people from an aid organization in Darvaz. 4 were released a day later.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A12)
2001        Jun 15, In Uganda villagers in northeast Aru, accused of being witches, began to get hacked to death. Some 200 people were killed over the next 3 weeks.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.A18)

2002        Jun 15, Arthur Andersen was convicted of obstructing justice by shredding Enron-related documents in a verdict that boosted prosecutors' efforts to get to the bottom of the Enron scandal. In 2005 the US Supreme Court overturned the conviction.
    (AP, 6/14/02)(SSFC, 6/16/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/17/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/1/05, p.A1)
2002        Jun 15, It was reported that a new book by Carnegie Endowment for Int'l. Peace reported that Israel was attempting to arm its diesel submarines with nuclear cruise missiles. [see Feb 2, 2000]
    (SFC, 6/15/02, p.A10)
2002        Jun 15, In Britain Mick Jagger was knighted for his service to music and became Sir Michael Philip Jagger.
    (SFC, 6/15/02, p.A2)
2002        Jun 15, In Guatemala despite accusations that he oversaw massacres in the 1980s and corruption scandals in the 1990s, durable former dictator Efrain Rios Montt won yet another term as leader of the ruling party.
    (AP, 6/15/02)
2002        Jun 15, Four Israelis were injured, two critically, when at least one Palestinian opened fire at a Jewish settlement in the northern Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/15/02)
2002        Jun 15, In Spain tens of thousands of people marched through Bilbao protesting the government's intention to outlaw a political party that refuses to condemn terrorism in the name of independence.
    (AP, 6/15/02)
2002        Jun 15, In Venezuela tens of thousands opposed to President Hugo Chavez marched to demand his resignation and punishment for those responsible for 17 deaths during a coup in April.
    (AP, 6/15/02)

2003        Jan 15, The San Antonio Spurs beat the New Jersey Nets 88-77 in game 6 to win the NBA finals.
    (SFC, 6/16/03, p.C1)
2003        Jun 15, Golfer Jim Furyk won the U.S. Open.
    (AP, 6/15/04)
2003        Jun 15, Scientists reported that nearly 1,000 whales, dolphins and porpoises drown every day after becoming tangled in fishing nets and other equipment.
    (AP, 6/15/03)
2003        Jun 15, Hume Cronyn (91), stage and film star, died in Fairfield, Conn.
    (SFC, 6/17/03, p.A21)
2003        Jun 15, With a deadline passed for Iraqis to hand in heavy weapons, U.S. forces fanned out across Iraq to seize arms and put down potential foes.
    (AP, 6/15/04)
2003        Jun 15, The Saudi government said it foiled "an imminent terrorist" attack with an overnight raid on a bomb-filled, booby-trapped apartment in the holy city of Mecca that left five suspects and two security agents dead.
    (AP, 6/15/03)
2003        Jun 15, Suspected Tamil Tiger rebels killed a Tamil politician opposed to them, fueling tensions a day after the murder of another politician and an ocean battle between government and rebels forces.
    (AP, 6/15/03)

2004        Jun 15, The Detroit Pistons beat the Los Angeles Lakers 100-87 in Game Five of the NBA Finals for their first championship in 14 years.
    (SFC, 6/16/04, p.D1)(AP, 6/15/05)
2004        Jun 15, The Southern Baptist Convention quit a global federation of Baptist denominations as SBC leaders denounced the Baptist World Alliance and other groups for accepting liberal theology.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2004        Apr 15, Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the world wide web, became the 1st recipient of Finland’s $1.2 million Millennium Technology Prize.
    (Econ, 5/14/05, p.84)(www.infoworld.com/article/04/04/16/HNbernerslee_1.html)
2004        Jun 15, It was reported that China had ordered water prices increased for the 1st time since the founding of the People’s Republic due to strains on supplies from development.
    (WSJ, 6/15/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 15, In Colombia suspected leftist rebels raided a ranch near La Gabarra in one of the biggest cocaine-producing regions, tied up 34 coca pickers with the hammocks they had been sleeping in, and gunned them all down.
    (AP, 6/16/04)(Econ, 6/19/04, p.38)
2004        Jun 15, Iraq's interim government received a boost when its neighbors welcomed the transfer of sovereignty in that country at the end of June. Two explosions on pipelines in southern Iraq cut oil exports from the south by half.
    (AP, 6/15/04)
2004        Jun 15, A Saudi al Qaeda group threatened to execute Paul M. Johnson Jr. within 72 hours unless fellow jihadists were released were released from prison.
    (SFC, 6/19/04, p.A15)
2004        Jun 15, In Sierra Leone a U.N.-backed war crimes trial began. The court was trying alleged crimes including rape, burning and looting, use of child soldiers and forced marriage committed during the 1991-2002 war.
    (AP, 6/16/04)

2005        Jun 15, A Republican-led House voted to upend a provision of the Patriot Act that allows federal agents to examine people’s book-reading habits at public libraries. Pres. Bush threatened to veto any the Justice Dept. spending bill if it weakens the act.
    (SFC, 6/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 15, Former Baylor basketball player Carlton Dotson was sentenced to 35 years in prison, a week after he unexpectedly pleaded guilty to murdering teammate Patrick Dennehy.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2005        Jun 15, The autopsy released on Terri Schiavo backed the contention of her husband, Michael, that she was in a persistent vegetative state, finding she was severely and irreversibly brain-damaged and blind as well.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2005        Jun 15, It was reported that Microsoft Corp. will provide computer training to more than 2,000 disadvantaged youths in rural Bangladesh over the next year.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, The opera “Gertrude Stein Invents A Jump Early On" with music by William C. Banfield (b.1961) and words by Karren LaLonde Alenier (b.1947) had its world premiere by the Encompass New Opera Theatre in New York City under the direction of Nancy Rhodes.
    (www.steinopera.com)
2005        Jun 15, In Afghanistan 4 people, including 2 boys, were killed by mines.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 15, Armenia said Azerbaijan was stockpiling more arms than permitted by treaty.
    (WSJ, 6/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 15, Blairo Maggi, Brazilian soyabean magnate, governor of Mato Grosso, and winner of this year’s Greenpeace “golden chainsaw" award for deforestation, refused to accept the award and slunk out through the back door of the school he was visiting, to the taunting shouts of hundreds of children.
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.70)(www.treehugger.com/files/2005/06/brazilian_soy_k.php)
2005        Jun 15, Canada's minority government survived a series of confidence votes, boosting Prime Minister Paul Martin and greatly reducing the risk his scandal-battered Liberal Party government could fall.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, China's biggest automaker, FAW Car Co., warned that its first-half net profit could fall by more than 50 percent amid sluggish sales, rising costs and government moves to tighten credit for buying cars.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, Diego Murillo, a brutal paramilitary warlord who made a fortune in Colombia's drug trade, demobilized more than 400 of his AUC fighters at a ceremony under a peace deal critics say could let him get away with murder.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, A US-based human rights group said thousands of people have been arrested across Ethiopia following violent clashes in which police killed 36 people.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, The EU commission slapped a 40 million pound fine on pharmaceutical giant AstraZeneca for illegally pushing rivals of a stomach ulcer medicine out of the market.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, In Guatemala a rain-sodden hillside gave way and buried houses in seven neighborhoods of a rural town, killing at least 21 people.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 15, Veteran civil servant Donald Tsang effectively won Hong Kong's leadership race, filing papers that showed he had the solid backing of an election committee that picks the Chinese territory's leaders.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, India passed its Rights for Information Act.
    (Econ, 3/12/11, p.18)(http://rti.gov.in/webactrti.htm)
2005        Jun 15, Indonesia reported its 1st human case of bird flu.
    (SFC, 6/16/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 15, Iraqi troops, backed by US forces, freed Douglas Wood, an Australian-born contract engineer, after six weeks in captivity. The release came as a suicide bomber dressed in an Iraqi army uniform blew himself up in a mess hall north of Baghdad, killing at least 25 Iraqi soldiers and injuring 27. A suicide car bomber slammed into 3 police cars on patrol in eastern Baghdad, killing 8 officers. Brutal attacks across Iraq killed more than 50 people.
    (AP, 6/15/05)(SFC, 6/16/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 15, Mexico's Supreme Court ruled that former Mexican President Luis Echeverria can be charged with genocide for his alleged involvement in the 1971 massacre of student protesters.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, A militant group in Nigeria's oil-rich Niger Delta region kidnapped 2 German and 4 Nigerian workers of a contractor firm providing service for Anglo-Dutch oil giant Shell.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, OPEC agreed to increase its production quota by half a million barrels a day in an effort to cool high crude oil costs that have dampened the global economy.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, Poland said it will cut its 1,700-troop deployment to Iraq this summer by as many as 300 troops.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, In Romania Maricica Irina Cornici (23), an Orthodox nun, was found dead, gagged and chained to a cross. Father Daniel (29), the superior of the Holy Trinity monastery, had ordered the crucifixion of the young nun because she was "possessed by the devil."  The Orthodox priest faced murder charges and was unrepentant as he celebrated a funeral mass for his alleged victim. [see Jun 22]
    (AFP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 15, In Russia authorities failed to contain a spill of heavy fuel from a derailed train and it flowed into waterways that supply Moscow with drinking water. Some 770 tons of thick, tar-like fuel spilled from more than a dozen tanker cars that went off the tracks about 100 miles northwest of Moscow.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 15, In Russia 2 explosions ripped through a petroleum storage depot outside Moscow, killing two workers, injuring another and forcing the evacuation of hundreds from nearby homes and a hospital.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, Spanish authorities said police had arrested 16 Islamic terror suspects in raids in several cities, including 11 men accused of having ties to Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi's group al-Qaida in Iraq and recruiting people for suicide attacks there.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, Sri Lanka's president vowed to go ahead with a deal to share tsunami aid with the rebel Tamil Tigers, despite a threat by a ruling coalition partner to leave the government if she does not back down.
    (AP, 6/15/05)
2005        Jun 15, Vietnam reported 6 new cases of bird flu in the past week.
    (WSJ, 6/15/05, p.A15)

2006        Jun 15, Pres. Bush announced plans to designate a new marine sanctuary in the area of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands encompassing nearly 140,000 square miles. The plan for Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, the nation’s 14th marine sanctuary, would end fishing in the area within 5 years. Formal designation was about a year away. Ricky Grigg (1937-2014), surfing trailblazer and oceanographer, gathered data along with colleagues to help establish the reserve.
    (SFC, 6/15/06, p.A2)(WSJ, 6/16/06, p.A1)(Econ, 1/10/09, p.70)(SSFC, 6/1/14, p.C8)
2006        Jun 15, The US Senate allocated $60 million toward launching a UN peacekeeping mission in the Darfur region of Sudan.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2006        Jun 15, US House Democrats voted to strip embattled Louisiana Congressman William Jefferson of his seat on the House Ways and Means Committee.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2006        Jun 15, A divided Supreme Court made it easier for police to barge into homes and seize evidence without knocking or waiting.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2006        Jun 15, US Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials said federal agents over the last 3 weeks had captured 2,179 illegal immigrants across the country in raids targeting child molesters, violent gang members and past deportees who re-entered the country. The crackdown, dubbed "Operation Return to Sender," kicked off on May 26. California topped the list with 722 arrests.
    (AP, 6/15/06)(SFC, 6/15/06, p.A6)
2006        Jun 15, A Colorado state appeals court ruled that a 15-year-old girl can enter into a common-law marriage. The court said that under English common law, which the state recognizes, it could be legal for girls at 12 and boys at 14 to enter common-law marriage.
    (SFC, 6/16/06, p.A4)
2006        Jul 15, A Chicago ban on the sale of foie gras became effective. This made Chicago the 1st American city to ban the food.
    (Econ, 5/20/06, p.37)
2006        Jun 15, Bill Gates (50) announced that he would hand over his role as chief architect of Microsoft to Ray Ozzie (50) in order to concentrate on the charitable work of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
    (Econ, 6/24/06, p.75)(AP, 6/15/07)
2006        Jun 15, In Idaho Alofa Time (50) drove into an oncoming car in downtown Boise and killed Samantha Nina Murphy (36) and daughter Jae Lynne Grimes (4). The severed head of Time’s wife's was tossed from his pickup truck in the suicide attempt.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 15, More than 10,000 Afghan and US-led coalition forces began a massive anti-Taliban operation across southern Afghanistan, while a bomb killed seven people riding a bus to a coalition base for work. Coalition forces killed 14 militants during combat operations linked to a large-scale anti-Taliban blitz. The offensive was launched in support of Operation Mountain Thrust, the largest anti-Taliban military campaign undertaken since the former regime's 2001 ouster in an American-led invasion. Operation Mountain Thrust began in mid-May with limited attacks and raids launched by coalition forces.
    (AP, 6/15/06)(AP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 15, The environmental group WWF said toxic chemicals are harming Arctic animals including polar bears, beluga whales, seals and seabirds.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2006        Jun 15, In Brazil some 3 million evangelical Protestants staged a huge rally in of Sao Paulo, demonstrating their growing influence in the world's largest Roman Catholic country. Brazil was nearly 100% Roman Catholic a century ago, but the percentage dropped to 84% in 1995 and is 74% today.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2006        Jun 15, Britain promised to hold Liberia's Charles Taylor in jail if he is convicted of war crimes, paving the way for Liberia's former president to be tried in The Hague.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2006        Jun 15, In China a series of explosions rocked the Longxin Chemical Plant in the city of Longquan, Zhejiang province, destroying two factories and threatening to contaminate the Oujiang river, which empties into the East China Sea.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 15, In China students rioted at Shengda after learning that the word Shengda would be added to their graduation certificates. The quasi-private college was affiliated with the prestigious Zhengzhou Univ. and up to now had just Zhengzhou Univ. printed on their degree certificates.
    (Econ, 8/12/06, p.33)
2006        Jun 15, The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, a Russian and Chinese-led bloc of Asian states, said it plans to set up an expert group to boost computer security and help guard against threats to their regimes from the Internet. SCO members (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) are mostly authoritarian states that maintain tight controls on communications technology, including the Internet.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2006        Jun 15, Geir Haarde became Iceland's new prime minister, marking a return to the office for Iceland's largest political party and a likely shift toward a tighter fiscal policy.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 15, The US military said American and Iraqi forces have carried out 452 raids since last week's killing of terrorist leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, and 104 insurgents were killed during those actions. Gunmen shot and killed 10 Shiites after pulling them off a bus in Baqouba. The US military said the man claiming to be the new al-Qaida in Iraq leader is Abu Ayyub al-Masri, an Egyptian with ties to Osama bin Laden's deputy, Ayman al-Zawahri. Gunmen stormed a Sunni mosque near Tikrit, killing four people and wounding 15. Sheik Aqeel, a key terror leader linked to the deaths of at least seven coalition soldiers in roadside bombs, was captured in Karbala. The death toll of US servicemen and women in Iraq war reached 2,500.
    (AP, 6/15/06)(AP, 6/16/06)(AP, 6/15/07)
2006        Jun 15, The Israeli Supreme Court ruled that Israel must move part of its barrier meant to keep Palestinian attackers out because it causes hardships to nearby West Bank residents. Palestinian militants fired five rockets at southern Israel, shortly after officials said Israeli threats had cowered the Hamas-led government into stopping the attacks. A Hamas government minister returned to the Gaza Strip with $2 million in his luggage for his money-starved government.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2006        Jun 15, The Serbian government recognized newly independent Montenegro, and said it would establish diplomatic ties with its former partner.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2006        Jun 15, In northern Sri Lanka a powerful land mine ripped through a packed bus, killing at least 64 people, including 15 school children in the worst act of violence since a 2002 cease-fire. Sri Lanka's air force responded by bombing rebel-held areas in the northeast.
    (AP, 6/15/06)(SFC, 6/15/06, p.A3)
2006        Jun 15, Sudan said the International Criminal Court did not have jurisdiction over crimes in the violent Darfur region and no officials would be interrogated by the court.
    (AP, 6/15/06)
2006        Jun 15, In Thailand suspected Muslim insurgents exploded bombs at 41 locations in 3 southern provinces in attacks on government offices, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 6/15/06)(SFC, 6/16/06, p.A20)
2006        Jun 15, This day was established as the First Annual World Elder Abuse Awareness Day by the International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse (INPEA) and the UN’s World Health Organization to bring awareness to the much-ignored problem of elder abuse and neglect on an international level.
    (SSFC, 6/16/13, p.A4)

2007        Jun 15, The US State Dept. feared foreign nations will retaliate after the Supreme Court said NYC can sue embassies over property taxes.
    (WSJ, 6/16/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 15, The US Patent and Trademark office launched a one-year pilot program for a peer review of patent applications using an internet-based collaboration process.
    (Econ, 9/8/07, TQ p.28)
2007        Jun 15, During his ethics trial, a tearful Mike Nifong announced he would resign as district attorney of Durham County, NC, after admitting that he'd made improper statements about three Duke University lacrosse players who were once charged with raping a stripper. The players were later declared innocent by state prosecutors.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2007        Jun 15, Retired "Price Is Right" host Bob Barker won his 19th Daytime Emmy.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2007        Jun 15, New international health regulations (IHRS) obliged governments to co-operate with Margaret Chan, director-general of WHO, and report potential pandemics at once.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, p.67)
2007        Jun 15, In Tulsa, Okla., a crane lifted out a 1957 Plymouth Belvedere that had been buried in an underground concrete vault half a century earlier to celebrate 50 years of statehood.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2007        Jun 15, In southern Afghanistan 2 suicide attackers blew themselves up near NATO convoys, killing five Afghan children, four civilian men and a foreign soldier. A soldier of the US-led coalition died from a combat wound after a clash in the eastern province of Paktika.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, Australian PM John Howard met the Dalai Lama triggering an angry reaction from China who accused the premier of turning a "deaf ear" to its concerns. A government report said child sex abuse is rampant among Aborigines in remote northern Australia, blaming widespread drunkenness and the breakdown of traditional societies as among the root causes.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, In Brazil Marc Van Roosmalen was convicted of trying to illegally auction off the names of monkey species, keeping rare monkeys at his house without authorization and selling a scaffolding donated to the National Institute for Amazon Research where he worked. He was sentenced to 15 years and nine months in a prison. Roosmalen has claimed in media reports that he was framed by powerful logging and ranching interests that operate in the Amazon. In August Roosmalen was ordered released pending an appeal.
    (AP, 8/7/07)
2007        Jun 15, Britain announced the knighthood of author Salman Rushdie. This soon sparked rage among many Muslims.
    (Econ, 6/23/07, p.63)
2007        Jun 15, A London court jailed 7 Britons linked to a plot to blow up US financial institutions and stage a series of attacks in Britain, for a total of 136 years.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, Activists in Bulgaria bought the freedom of the country’s last three dancing bears. They will get to rest their paws at a mountain sanctuary, in an apparent end to the centuries-old performance tradition in the Balkans. Bears had still performed, even though the practice was outlawed in 1993, when there were 20 to 30 such bears in the country.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, In Quebec, Canada, Premier Jean Charest said his province plans to ban firearms in educational institutions and on public transport as part of a clampdown in the wake of a college shooting last year.
    (Reuters, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, China’s state media said as many as 1,000 children may have been sold into slave labor in central China, enduring maiming and brutality in primitive brick kilns, amid an expanding scandal about official neglect.
    (Reuters, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, Areva, a French nuclear energy group under the direction of Anne Lauvergeon, announced a cash offer for UraMin, a Canadian start-up firm with mining assets in Namibia, the Central African Republic, and South Africa. The acquisition cost $2.5 billion. In late 2011 Areva took a $2 million charge against the acquisition.
    (Econ, 2/18/12, p.67)(http://tinyurl.com/822j7j9)
2007        Jun 15, In Guatemala villagers in Muyurco killed a woman and attacked two others after accusing them of kidnapping a 9-year-old girl who was later found dead.
    (AP, 6/17/07)
2007        Jun 15, Human Rights Watch reported that tens of thousands of elementary school-age girls work in Guinea for no pay as household servants in conditions akin to slavery.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, Iran was reported to have denied allegations of abuse saying it has forced Afghan laborers back home because the 1.5 million undocumented migrants are an enormous burden on its economy.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, The US launched a large offensive operation in several al-Qaida strongholds around Baghdad. The remains of 13 members of an Iraqi taekwondo team kidnapped last year were found near the main highway leading to Jordan. US attack helicopters killed four suspects and wounded three in operations south of Baghdad. An American soldier was killed in a roadside bombing in southern Baghdad and an Ohio National Guard pilot was killed when his F-16 fighter crashed shortly after takeoff from Balad Air Base in central Iraq.
    (AP, 6/15/07)(AP, 6/16/07)(AP, 6/17/07)
2007        Jun 15, Lebanese troops raided an Islamic militant position inside a besieged Palestinian refugee camp, sparking a battle that killed at least four soldiers in renewed fighting.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, In Mexico the government of Oaxaca apologized for the first time for a police raid on protesters last year that led to the country's worst political unrest in years.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, In Nigeria military and industry sources said gunmen have kidnapped several foreigners in the main oil-producing region of southern Nigeria.
    (AFP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas appointed Fayyad to replace Ismail Haniyeh, who was fired after his Hamas group violently took control of the Gaza Strip. On its first day of full rule in Gaza, the Islamic militant Hamas granted amnesty to Fatah leaders, signaling that it seeks conciliation with the defeated forces of moderate Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, In the southern Philippines bombs went off on buses just a few minutes apart, killing eight people and wounding at least 14 others.
    (AP, 6/16/07)
2007        Jun 15, The Gulf state of Qatar tightened its grip on J Sainsbury, Britain's third biggest supermarket chain, by raising its stake to 25%, sparking speculation it may launch a takeover.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, Russia's security agency announced an espionage investigation based on statements by the suspect in Andrei Litvinenko's radiation poisoning, a move apparently targeting a Kremlin foe in Britain.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, On the island of Sardinia 2 trains collided head-on, killing a 27-year-old British woman and two Italians.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, Swiss officials inaugurated the Loetschberg Base Tunnel, the world's longest overland tunnel, a 34.6-kilometer-long (21-mile-long) rail link under the Alps meant to ease highway traffic jams.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, In northeastern Taiwan 2 trains collided, killing 5 people and injuring 16 others.
    (AP, 6/15/07)
2007        Jun 15, In southern Thailand a roadside bomb and shootings killed seven soldiers in one of the deadliest attacks on security forces this year.
    (AP, 6/15/07)

2008        Jun 15, In the annual NYC Tony Awards “August: Osage County" won 5 awards and the musical “In the Heights" won 4 awards.
    (SFC, 6/16/08, p.E3)
2008        Jun 15, Arthur Galston (b.1920), the botanist who discovered Agent Orange (1943), died. As a graduate student at the Univ. of Illinois he had found that a mild spray of 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid helped soyabeans grow, but that a stronger dose caused the plants to release ethylene which led to defoliation. He was appalled when a potentised strain of his discovery, containing dioxin as a by-product of manufacture, was used in Vietnam (1962-1970), and led efforts for toxicological studies, which stopped its use.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.94)(www.nytimes.com/2008/06/23/us/23galston.html)
2008        Jun 15, Michael Norton (66), who spent nearly two decades covering Haiti's coups, rebellions and disasters for The Associated Press, died after a long battle with cancer.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, Afghan President Hamid Karzai threatened to send Afghan troops across the border to fight militants in Pakistan, a forceful warning to insurgents and the Pakistani government that his country is fed up with cross-border attacks. Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed 20 militants in Zabul province.
    (AP, 6/15/08)(AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 15, Eleven Brazilian soldiers allegedly turned over three shantytown residents to a drug gang that executed them and left their bodies in a garbage dump. Police arrested the soldiers the next day and Rio state Gov. Sergio Cabral denounced the soldiers as criminals.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 15, US President George W. Bush arrived in Britain to hold talks with PM Gordon Brown on issues including Iraq and Iran's suspect nuclear program. Bush urged Brown to withdraw forces from Iraq based on conditions on the ground and not an arbitrary timetable.
    (AFP, 6/15/08)(Reuters, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, China’s state media said at least 55 people have died and seven were missing in flooding across a broad stretch of southern China.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, The Comoros isle of Anjouan went to the polls to elect a new president 3 months after rebel leader Mohamed Bacar was ousted by an African Union military force.
    (AFP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, The EU threatened to impose sanctions against Sudanese who do not cooperate in bringing those accused of war crimes in Darfur to the international court.
    (AFP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 15, An Islamic ruling that Egypt should give some of its oil and gas wealth to the people has ratcheted up the pressure on the government, already faced with rising popular discontent over food prices. The Islamic Research Centre of Cairo's Al-Azhar University, Sunni Islam's highest authority, issued a fatwa or religious edict saying it is a sacred duty to pay 20 percent of oil, gas and mineral revenues in the form of alms to the poor known as zakat.
    (AFP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, In northern Finland an 88-year-old man killed his two disabled adult daughters and shot his bedridden wife before turning the gun on himself.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 15, Israeli officials said that indirect peace talks between Israel and Syria have resumed, with Turkish mediation.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, Kosovo's government took control of the newly independent nation as the country's constitution went into force after nine years of UN administration.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, A peaceful repeat vote at dozens of polling stations in Macedonia confirmed the ruling coalition's landslide victory in parliamentary elections that had initially been marred by violence.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, In Sonora, Mexico, one state police officer and two federal agents were killed in a running battle with dozens of gunmen that lasted several hours. One of the gunmen was wounded.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 15, Rafael Del Pino Y Moreno (b.1920), Spain’s “King of the Bricks," died. His Grupo Ferrovial SA built the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao and other emblematic infrastructure across Spain.
    (WSJ, 6/21/08, p.A6)
2008        Jun 15, Sri Lankan war planes destroyed a suspected Tamil Tiger logistics base in the island's northeast. The rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) said Sri Lankan jets had killed two civilians and wounded 11 more in the attack.
    (AP, 6/15/08)
2008        Jun 15, Javier Garcia, a Venezuelan television anchorman, was found slain in his apartment, his body riddled with stab wounds.
    (AP, 6/16/08)

2009        Jun 15, Harriet Miers, former White House counsel, during House Judiciary closed door testimony, said former White House political advisor Karl Rove played a central role in the 2006 ouster of New Mexico’s US Attorney David Iglesias as well as 8 other US attorneys.
    (SFC, 8/12/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 15, In Indiana the bodies of Dr. Philip Gabriele (44), an eye surgeon, and his wife, Marcella (43), were found at his clinic in Elkhart. Suicide was suspected as they were scheduled to surrender to authorities on charges of performing unnecessary surgeries on patients and bilking money from health insurers.
    (SFC, 6/16/09, p.A4)
2009        Jun 15, In California the body of Joanne Witt (47) was found at her home in El Dorado Hills, east of Sacramento. On June 17 her daughter Tyler Marie Witt (15) and boyfriend Steven Paul Colver (20), suspects in the stabbing death, were arrested at a strip mall in the Bay Area city of San Bruno. On Nov 24 a judge ruled that Tyler would have to stand trial as an adult.
    (SFC, 6/18/09, p.B3)(SFC, 11/25/09, p.C2)
2009        Jun 15, Georgia’s Supreme Court ordered Expedia Inc. and its Hotwire.com subsidiary to collect and pay hotel occupancy taxes to the west Georgia city of Columbus in a possible precedent for cities across the country.
    (SFC, 6/17/09, p.C1)
2009        Jun 15, US Gen. Stanley McChrystal formally assumed command of American and NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 6/16/09, p.A2)
2009        Jun 15, In Australia Des "Tuppence" Moran (61), a former underworld enforcer, died from multiple gunshot wounds to the head while enjoying a coffee in a suburban cafe. Gangland widow Judy Moran was one of three people later charged in the slaying. On March 9, 2011, Judy Moran (66) was convicted of orchestrating the execution-style murder of her brother-in-law.
    (AFP, 6/17/09)(AFP, 3/9/11)
2009        Jun 15, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva brought a message of worker solidarity and economic responsibility to the United Nations. He left with some rare, sharp criticism from human rights groups that once championed his government.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, Virgin Media, the cable TV operator owned by entrepreneur Richard Branson, launched a new kind of music download subscription service with Universal, the world's largest music company.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, The European Union agreed to help the administration of President Barack Obama "turn the page" on Guantanamo, saying individual EU nations will take detainees from the American prison in Cuba.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, In Gambia seven journalists were detained after criticizing the nation's president, who has ruled the tiny country since a 1994 coup.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 15, In Iran tens of thousands of supporters of pro-reform leader Mir Hossein Mousavi streamed through the center of Tehran in a boisterous protest against election results that declared President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad the winner. Iran's supreme leader ordered an investigation into allegations of election fraud. 7 demonstrators were shot and killed.
    (AP, 6/15/09)(AP, 6/18/09)
2009        Jun 15, Italy's interior minister defended plans to allow citizen patrols to beef up security amid outrage over a new right-wing guard that has put Fascist and Nazi-like symbols on its uniforms.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi sued three Moroccan newspapers for defamation, seeking eight million euros in damages for "attacks on the dignity of a head of state."
    (AFP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, Mexico's attorney general's office said it charged 51 guards and prison officials, including the director, for their complicity in the escape of 53 inmates from a jail in Zacatecas state. A survey by Mexico's National Human Rights Commission said an estimated 9,758 migrants were kidnapped in Mexico between September and February, mainly by drug gangs but some migrants reported that authorities were involved.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, In Nepal Maoist demonstrators clashed with police in Kathmandu as a general strike called by the former guerrillas' youth wing brought Kathmandu to a standstill.
    (AFP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, The Hague-based International Criminal Court ordered former Congolese rebel warlord Jean-Pierre Bemba to stand trial on charges of crimes against humanity and war crimes, including murder, rape and pillaging.
    (Reuters, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 15, Armed militants in Nigeria's Niger Delta claimed more attacks against facilities run by US oil giant Chevron and warned FIFA against letting the country host the under-17 World Cup tournament.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC) and China's state oil firm SIPEC said they have discovered crude oil in Niger Delta region.
    (AFP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, In North Korea tens of thousands rallied in Pyongyang to condemn the UN rebuke of the country's latest nuclear test amid concern the communist regime could conduct another one.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, Pakistani forces pounded militants in tribal areas, after vowing an all-out assault on a Taliban chief in the lawless Afghan border region known to be an Al-Qaeda and rebel hideout.
    (AFP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, Peru's government promised Amazon Indians to ask Congress to revoke decrees that native groups say would make it easier to exploit their lands for oil, gas and other development.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, Moscow vetoed a Western-proposed resolution to extend the mandate of UN monitors in the breakaway region of Abkhazia. It designed to buy time to negotiate a long-term plan for the 16-year-old monitoring mission in the Black Sea rebel region.
    (Reuters, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 15, Leaders from Central Asia, China and Afghanistan joined Russia's President Dmitry Medvedev at a summit. Members of the six-nation Shanghai Cooperation Organization (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) and leaders of observer nations (Iran, Pakistan, India and Mongolia) met in the Ural Mountains city of Yekaterinburg for two days of talks that are expected to include extensive discussions of Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, Turkmenistan Pres. Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov staged lavish ceremonies for foreign guests and media to launch a new $1.5 billion resort on the desert shore of the Caspian Sea in a city named after his eccentric and autocratic predecessor.
    (AP, 6/15/09)
2009        Jun 15, In Yemen 3 foreign women, including two German nurses and a South Korean teacher kidnapped on June 12, were found dead. Two children were found alive. Nine foreigners, including seven German nationals, a Briton and a South Korean, disappeared June 12 while on a picnic in Yemen’s northern Saada region.
    (AP, 6/15/09)(AP, 6/16/09)(SSFC, 6/21/09, p.F3)

2010        Jun 15, The White House said President Barack Obama has extended U.S. economic sanctions on North Korea for another year, citing the continuing threat posed by Pyongyang's nuclear program.
    (Reuters, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 15, The US Federal Reserve adopted new rules aimed at protecting credit card consumers from getting socked by lofty late payment charges and other penalty fees. Credit card companies were barred from charging a penalty fee more than $25 for paying a late bill, and for penalty fees higher that the amount associated with violations. Inactivity fees were also banned. The rules take effect August 22.
    (SFC, 6/16/10, p.D3)
2010        Jun 15, Anglo-Australian mining giant Rio Tinto announced it was investing 469 million US dollars to develop a nickel and copper mine in northern Michigan. Construction of the Kennecott Eagle mine in Michigan's Upper Peninsula will begin this year.
    (AFP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 15, In Afghanistan 5 international coalition troops died and an Afghan district official, his son and a body guard were assassinated in Kandahar province where the Taliban are targeting people loyal to the government and its foreign partners. Militants attacked a police checkpoint in eastern Ghazni province before dawn, killing five officers and wounding one.
    (AP, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 15, In southeastern Bangladesh powerful landslides triggered by heavy rains killed at least 53 people, striking a coastal area as people slept and burying many alive inside their homes.
    (AP, 6/15/10)(AP, 6/16/10) 
2010        Jun 15, In southeastern France at least 25 people were killed and another 12 missing after flash floods hit the Var region, turning city streets into meters-high (feet-high) brown rivers that swept away cars, trees and parts of houses.
    (AP, 6/16/10)(AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 15, An epic 12-year investigation into Northern Ireland's biggest mass killing by British soldiers reached a bittersweet climax as relatives of the 13 Catholic demonstrators killed on "Bloody Sunday" began reading a 5,000-page report into why the 1972 slaughter happened. The probe ruled that British soldiers were entirely to blame for the killings.
    (AP, 6/15/10)(SFC, 6/16/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 15, Iran signed contracts worth 21 billion dollars with local firms to develop six gas fields, some of them awarded to the elite Revolutionary Guards.
    (AFP, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 15, In Iraq Saleh Mahdi Saleh, head of Sadiyah's municipal council, was taken into custody and charged with terrorism and police found 11 pounds (5kg) of TNT and three remote controlled devices. Police acted on the confession of Saleh's son who was arrested two days ago on terrorism charges and said his family kept explosives in their home. A roadside bomb in the northern town of al-Hajaj, about 80 miles (130 km) north of Baghdad, exploded as a car was driving by, killing the driver and wounding a passenger. One American soldier died in Baghdad of injuries sustained in a noncombat related accident.
    (AP, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 15, Ireland's government called on Israel to withdraw a staffer at its Dublin embassy over the use of fake passports in the January assassination of a Hamas commander in Dubai.
    (Reuters, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 15, Italian police arrested Nicola Schiavone, a powerful mobster of the Camorra crime syndicate, in his villa in Casal di Principe, a small town north of Naples. He is the son of imprisoned mobster Francesco Schiavone, reputedly the longtime top boss of the clan. Another of the elder Schiavone's sons was arrested last month.
    (AP, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 15, The Int’l. Red Cross said several hundred people have been killed in Kyrgyzstan since rioting began on June 10. The interim government blamed the inner circle of former Pres. Bakiyev for inciting the rioting. Uzbekistan closed its borders saying it could take no more refugees.
    (AP, 6/15/10)(SFC, 6/16/10, p.A5)(Econ, 6/19/10, p.26)
2010        Jun 15, President Felipe Calderon appealed to Mexicans to support the fight against organized crime just hours after troops killed 15 suspected gang members, part of a surge in violence that has June headed toward being the deadliest month yet in his drug war.
    (AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 15, The international aid group Mercy Corps said it has suspended its operations in Pakistan after kidnappers killed one of its employees. 4 Pakistani employees of Mercy Corps were abducted Feb. 18 as they drove to one of their offices in Quetta. The agency recently learned that a 52-year-old driver in the group, a father of nine identified only as Habibullah, had been slain earlier this month. There was no word on the fate of the other three staffers.
    (AP, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 15, Interpol said it has arrested Moussa Hamdan (38), a Lebanese national suspected of funneling money to the Shiite militant group Hezbollah, in Paraguay in the tri-border area with Argentina and Brazil.
    (AFP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 15, South Sudan's army clashed with forces loyal to renegade militia leader George Athor, a day after flushing him out of his hideout in the region's Jonglei oil state. At least 20 people were killed in fresh fighting between rival Sudanese tribes in western Darfur.
    (Reuters, 6/16/10)(AFP, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 15, The Swiss parliament approved a treaty with the US that will hand thousands of files on suspected tax cheats to US authorities, but obstacles remain that could delay the deal for several more months.
    (AP, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 15, A Uganda army spokesman said at least 10 Ugandan soldiers were killed last month while pursuing Lord's Resistance Army rebels in the Central African Republic (CAR). Lt. Colonel Felix Kulayigye said an unknown Sudanese militia, not the LRA, was the likely culprit.
    (AFP, 6/15/10)
2010        Jun 15, In Venezuela Guillermo Zuloaga, the majority owner of the country's only opposition-aligned TV station, was confirmed to have left the country to avoid an arrest warrant as multiple cases brought by authorities leave Globovision facing an uncertain future. In the meantime the channel will be headed by Maria Fernanda Flores, a member of the board of directors, along with Carlos Zuloaga, a son of the owner.
    (AP, 6/16/10)

2011        Jun 15, The White House said the United States has spent more than $715 million for military and humanitarian operations in Libya since unrest began in the north African country earlier this year.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Washington DC 10 members of the House of Representatives, conservative Republicans and liberal Democrats, filed suit challenging Pres. Obama’s right to wage war in Libya.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A8)
2011         Jun 15, A jury convicted Salvatore (Sal) DiMasi, former speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, of corruption, finding that he used his office help a software company to gain lucrative state contracts in exchange for kickbacks.  He was found guilty of seven of the nine charges against him, including extortion and conspiracy to defraud citizens of his honest services.
            (Boston Globe, 6/15/11)
2011             Jun 15, Arizona Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords was released from the rehabilitation hospital in Houston where she has been recovering from a gunshot wound to the head. While doctors have described her recovery thus far as miraculous, she still struggled with verbal communication, and how fully she will recover remains uncertain.
            (Houston Chronicle, 6/15/11)(AP, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Arizona a grand jury indicted Donald Lapre, a Phoenix-based TV pitchman, accused of running a nationwide scheme to sell essentially worthless Internet-based businesses to more than 200,000 people. Victims were defrauded of nearly $52 million.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 15, California’s Democrat-controlled legislature passed a budget, but it was vetoed the next day by Gov. Brown due to questionable maneuvers.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.38)
2011        Jun 15, Citigroup admitted that its original estimate of the number of people affected by a cyber-attack was low. Rather than about 200,000, hackers gained access to the account information of over 360,000 customers.
            (Reuters, 6/15/11)
2011             Jun 15, In another hacker attack, a group known as Lulz Security (LulzSec) was able to take down the public website of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The group announced the attack at 6pm by sending out a message on Twitter. Service was restored on the CIA site later in the evening, and sources at the agency said no sensitive files were breached.
            (Reuters, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, Pandora Media made its Wall Street debut closing at $17.42, up 8.87% over its $16 IPO.
    (SFC, 4/30/11, p.D1)
2011        Jun 15, A team of int’l. astronomers reported the finding of the oldest black holes ever observed. Their observations put the black holes 13 billion light years from Earth, meaning that they were being observed just as they looked 1 billion years after the formation of the universe.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 15, In Afghanistan an insurgent shell struck a new $106-million police training center during inauguration ceremonies in Wardak province.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A2)
2011              Jun 15, In London, police arrested two men on suspicion of trying to kidnap and murder soul singer Joss Stone. Suspects Junior Bradshaw and Kevin Liverpool, were arrested near Stone’s country home; they were said to be in possession of swords, rope, and a body bag.     
            (AFP, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Vancouver, Canada, the Boston Bruins shocked the favored Vancouver Canucks, winning game seven of the Stanley Cup championship finals 4-0, to take the series 4 games to 3. The Bruins won the Stanley Cup for the first time in 39 years; goaltender Tim Thomas was awarded the Conn Smythe trophy as the Most Valuable Player in the playoffs. Riot police fired tear gas to control a mob that burned cars and looted shops in downtown Vancouver after the Canucks lost the Stanley Cup final to the Boston Bruins.
    (Boston Globe, 6/15/11)(Reuters, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 15, In China the “The Beginning of the Great Revival," a celebration of the founding of China’s Communist Party, opened at every Cineplex in the country. It was produced by the for profit China Film Group.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.72)
2011        Jun 15, The Czech Rep. said it is withdrawing from US missile defense plans out of frustration at its diminished role.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 15, In Greece mass protests against the prime minister’s proposed austerity measures turned violent, as tens of thousands of angry demonstrators, who had gathered outside the parliament building, clashed with police. Responding to the rising tensions PM Papandreou said he would resign and permit a new unity government to be formed.
            (Reuters, 6/15/11)(SFC, 6/16/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 15, Iran launched a satellite into earth orbit, in a feat that is likely to raise concerns among those who fear Iran's intentions and nuclear development program.
    (AP, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, Mexican police found the dismembered bodies of two bodyguards who worked for the governor of Nuevo Leon state, the site of a violent turf war between drug cartels. Marco Antonio Guzman (34), who had several aliases including "El Brad Pitt," was captured in the US border state of Chihuahua along with two alleged accomplices. Police said Guzman was involved in the June 15, 2010 car bomb explosion that killed a federal police officer and two civilians. The northern state of Nuevo Leon, home to the industrial city of Monterrey, saw 33 killings, in the most violent day in recent history.
    (AP, 6/15/11)(AP, 6/16/11)(AFP, 6/17/11)
2011            Jun 15, Three Mexican journalists, who fled Mexico because their lives were in danger, asked the United States government to speed up their pleas for asylum. Ernesto Gutierrez, a print journalist; Ricardo Chavez Aldana, a radio journalist; and Alejandro Hernandez Pacheco, a TV cameraman, were involved in coverage of criminal activities of drug traffickers; each received death threats from members of drug cartels.
            (AP, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, Mexican soldiers raided 3 interconnected warehouses in Queretaro state. They thought they had found 1,462 50-gallon drums filled with various methamphetamine precursors. When experts examined the stash, they found 3.4 tons (3.1 metric tons) of pure meth.
    (AP, 8/27/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Nigeria a man claiming to be a Boko Haram spokesman warned that the group would launch more attacks after being angered by comments from the national police chief. A day earlier Inspector General of Police Hafiz Ringim said during a visit to the northeastern city of Maiduguri that "the days of Boko Haram are numbered."
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Puerto Rico Doral Bank executive Maurice J. Spagnoletti was shot to death on a busy highway in San Juan. The 56-year-old father previously held bank executive posts in South Carolina, Indiana and Pennsylvania. An investigator said the slaying could be linked to an audit Spagnoletti was conducting at the bank.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 15, Terrified Syrians ran for their lives as elite army units swept through a restive northern province.
    (SFC, 6/16/11, p.A2)
2011              Jun 15, Turkey’s president Tayyip Erdogan held talks with an envoy of Syrian president Bashar al-Assad as a growing number of Syrians fled their country seeking safety in refugee camps. Relations between Turkey and Syria strained, as Turkey wants Syria to stop its brutal crackdown on protesters.
            (Reuters, 6/15/11)
2011        Jun 15, Venezuela's energy minister said his country will soon begin rationing electricity in several regions because of recurring power outages.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 15, In Yemen up to 200 militants from the Al-Qaida linked group Ansar al-Shariah launched a surprise attack on Houta killing one soldier and wounding 3. They pulled out of the city in the afternoon and took positions on the southern outskirts.
    (SFC, 6/15/11, p.A2)

2012        Jun 15, The Obama administration announced that the federal government will stop deporting law-abiding undocumented immigrants under age 30 who arrived in the country before age 16. The new policy took effect on August 15.
    (SFC, 6/16/12, p.A1)(SFC, 7/8/14, p.C4)
2012        Jun 15, In Alameda County, Ca., a jury ordered the Jehovah’s Witnesses to pay an unprecedented $21 million to a woman who blamed the church for allowing a fellow congregant to molest her when she was a child in the mid-1990s.
    (SFC, 6/16/12, p.A1)
2012        Jun 15, Daredevil Nik Wallenda (33) became the first person to walk across the Niagara Horseshoe Falls on a tightrope. Others have crossed the Niagara River itself, but never over the falls.
    (ABCNews, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 15, In Algeria 2 police officers were killed and two others wounded when armed men attacked police barracks east of Algiers.
    (AFP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 15, In Australia documents were released revealing "horrific" child sex assaults and brutal initiation ceremonies in the Australian military, prompting PM Julia Gillard to signal a possible public inquiry. The report details allegations of sexual and other serious physical assaults against boys as young as 13 dating back to the 1950s.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, A British Columbia Supreme Court justice ruled that federal laws banning assisted suicide are unconstitutional because they discriminate against severely ill patients.
    (SFC, 7/14/12, p.A2)(http://tinyurl.com/6v2hh3l)
2012        Jun 15, Canadian PM Stephen Harper and Michigan Governor Rick Snyder announced a deal to build a new bridge linking Detroit and Windsor, a $4 billion project that officials say will help speed the flow of goods across North America's busiest commercial land border crossing. Canada will pay for building the bridge and finance Michigan’s $550 million portion of the project.
    (Reuters, 6/15/12)(Economist, 9/29/12, p.36)
2012        Jun 15, A manned Chinese submersible set a new record for the country's deepest sea dive, over 6,000 meters, showing Beijing's technological ambitions as it also readies for its first manned space docking. The "Jiaolong" craft dived over 19,685 feet into the Mariana Trench in the western Pacific Ocean.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood warned that a court ruling to dissolve the Islamist-led parliament and let Hosni Mubarak's former prime minister run for president is a move toward reversing the gains of the revolution.
    (AP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, Envoys from the Middle East Quartet (the United States, United Nations, European Union and Russia) met in Brussels amid calls from the Palestinians to step up action to halt continuing Israeli settlement activity.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, Gambia's Fatou Bensouda (51) was sworn as the International Criminal Court's new chief prosecutor, saying she was ready to lead the fight against the world's worst war criminals.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, In India large parts of New Delhi were struggling with acute water shortages on after a neighboring state cut its supplies at the peak of summer.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, PM Noda’s Democratic Party of Japan (DJP) agreed with the main opposition parties to raise the sales tax from 5% to 8% in April, 2014, and to 10% in October, 2015.
    (Econ, 6/23/12, p.43)
2012        Jun 15, In Japan Katsuya Takahashi (54), the last fugitive suspected in a doomsday cult's deadly nerve gas attack on Tokyo's subways in 1995, was caught at a comic book cafe, closing a chapter on Japan's worst terrorist attack.
    (AP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, Nigerian troops shot dead four suspected Boko Haram Islamists during a dawn raid on one of the group's presumed hideouts in the northern city of Kano.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, Paraguay deployed its army to resolve a violent land dispute in a remote northern forest reserve after 17 people were killed in gunbattles between police and landless farmers. The violence broke out as police tried to evict about 150 farmers from the reserve, which is part of a huge estate owned by Blas Riquelme, a Colorado Party politician opposed to Pres. Lugo.
    (AP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, A Scottish authority in Argyll lifted its ban stopping a nine-year-old Scottish girl from photographing her school lunches and posting them on her blog, after the move sparked outrage online. Six weeks ago, Martha Payne began taking photos of the uninspiring lunches provided by her school canteen and posting them on her blog, "NeverSeconds."
    (AFP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, In Sri Lanka gunmen on motorcycles stormed a public meeting organized by the Marxist JVP, or People's Liberation Front, at the village of Katuwana and escaped after killing a woman and a 17-year-old boy and wounding many others.
    (AFP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 15, A top IMF official said Sri Lanka is seeking fresh help from the International Monetary Fund after drawing down a previous $2.6-billion bailout.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, The Syrian regime kept up a ferocious offensive on rebel areas around the country in one of the most serious escalations in violence since Annan brokered the truce. Activists said at least 10 people were reported killed when security forces opened fire on protests across the country. Syrian opposition members began a two-day meeting in Turkey to discuss a vision for a post-Assad Syria and steps need to be taken to ensure a transition to democracy. Human Rights Watch said that Syrian government forces have used sexual violence to torture men, women, girls and boys detained during the current conflict. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 9 bodies, some of them mutilated, were found in a town near Damascus.
    (AP, 6/15/12)(AFP, 6/15/12)
2012        Jun 15, Yemeni troops took control of the city of Shuqra after Al-Qaeda militants pulled out, the third jihadist bastion in the south to fall in the space of a week. Advancing troops killed 27 militants in gun battles overnight. Warplanes pounded militant hideouts in the mountains surrounding Azan. In Aden police forcibly reopened the main entrance into the Mansoura district, blocked off by the local militia since 2011, and dismantled a year-old separatist protest camp, sparking fierce clashes.
    (AFP, 6/15/12)(AP, 6/16/12)(AFP, 7/11/12)

2013        Jun 15, In eastern Afghanistan a roadside bomb struck a police van, killing 5 officers and wounding seven as they were on their way to a training session in Paktika province.
    (AP, 6/15/13)
2013        Jun 15, In Brazil at least 500 protesters complaining against the high cost of staging the World Cup rallied in front of the National Stadium in Brasilia just hours before Brazil played Japan in the opening match of the Confederations Cup.
    (AP, 6/15/13)
2013        Jun 15, Britain clinched a deal with its major offshore tax havens on Saturday that will see 10 British overseas territories and crown dependencies sign up to international protocols on information sharing. Those included were Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, Anguilla, Montserrat, Turks and Caicos Islands, Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man.
    (Reuters, 6/15/13)
2013        Jun 15, Egypt’s President Mohammed Morsi told supporters at a Cairo rally that his country is severing ties with Damascus and closing its embassy in the Syrian capital. Morsi also called for a UN endorsed no-fly zone over Syria.
    (AP, 6/16/13)
2013        Jun 15, In Iran Hasan Rohani (64), a reformist-backed presidential candidate, capped a stunning surge to claim the presidency.
    (AP, 6/15/13)
2013        Jun 15, In Iraq a rocket attack on the sprawling Camp Liberty near Baghdad killed 2 members of an Iranian exile group, the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq. The attack also killed an Iraqi and wounded 9 Iranians and 7 Iraqis. The Shiite Mukhtar Army militia later claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 15, In an audio message posted online, a speaker identified as Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of al-Qaida's Iraq arm, insisted that a merger he announced in April with Syria's Jabhat al-Nusra rebel group to create a cross-border movement known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant will continue.
    (AP, 6/15/13)
2013        Jun 15, In Libya rooftop snipers and knife-wielding assailants killed 6 soldiers in Benghazi. At least five other security posts were attacked throughout the night by hundreds of plain-clothed gunmen.
    (AP, 6/15/13)
2013        Jun 15, In Mozambique regional presidents of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC), meeting at a special summit on Zimbabwe asked President Mugabe to delay crucial elections he has set for the end of July while asking the nation to guarantee conditions for free and fair elections.
    (AP, 6/15/13)
2013        Jun 15, In Pakistan a bomb tore through a bus of female university students in Quetta, killing 14. Victims were taken to the nearby hospital where a suicide bomber struck killing 3 plus 3 more who died overnight. The siege of a hospital in Quetta ended after security forces stormed the building. 4 paramilitaries and 6 attackers were killed. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi later claimed responsibility for the attack. Attackers on motorcycles planted bombs at the 19th century residence associated with Pakistan’s founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the mountain resort town of Ziarat. Jinnah lived there before his death in 1948. The attackers shot dead a police guard outside the residency, which had been turned into a museum about Jinnah.
    (AP, 6/15/13)(AP, 6/16/13)(AP, 6/21/13)
2013        Jun 15, Syrian troops reportedly killed several rebels and destroyed their hideouts in the Ahmadiyeh area, a suburb of Damascus.
    (AP, 6/15/13)
2013        Jun 15, In Turkey protesters at Istanbul's Gezi Park vowed to press on with their 2-week sit-in, defying government appeals and a warning from Erdogan for an end to the standoff. Tens of thousands of supporters of PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan rallied in Sincan, a suburb of Ankara. In the evening riot police cleared Gezi Park and Taksim Square of thousands of peaceful protesters in a swift but muscular operation.
    (AP, 6/15/13)(AP, 6/16/13)
2013        Jun 15, Vietnam police arrested Dinh Nhat Uy (30), a blogger accused of posting "erroneous and slanderous" information about the communist government. He is the brother of Dinh Nguyen Kha, a student who was sentenced last month to eight years in jail for spreading propaganda against the state. So far this year, 46 bloggers or democracy activists have been convicted and imprisoned, more than the number of people locked up for violating national security laws in the whole of 2012.
    (AP, 6/16/13)
2013        Jun 15, In Vietnam legal scholar Cu Huy Ha Vu said he hasn't eaten since May 27 and that he won't until the prison officially replies to his complaints. He was among the many government critics who have been imprisoned as the Communist government, beset by economic troubles and complaints about corruption and inequality, cracks down on dissent.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 15, Yemeni police confirmed the kidnapping of Judith Spiegel, a Dutch journalist, along with her partner Boudewijn Berendsen, earlier this month. In July the couple appealed for help, saying their captors have threatened to kill them in days unless the Dutch government meets unspecified demands.
    (Reuters, 7/16/13)(http://tinyurl.com/n4zl2pj)

2014        Jun 15, In Newark, New Jersey, a fire in a single-family home killed 6 people.
    (SFC, 6/16/14, p.A5)
2014        Jun 15, In Pennsylvania Jeff Hooten (47), the pilot of a hot air balloon, fell from the basket while trying to land near Philadelphia and died after becoming trapped under it.
    (SFC, 6/17/14, p.A7)
2014        Jun 15, The body of Gilberto Francisco Ramos Juarez (15), a teenager from Guatemala, was found in the Rio Grande Valley of South Texas. He had likely died from exposure as he made his way north.
    (SSFC, 7/13/14, p.A7) 
2014        Jun 15, US medical device manufacturer Medtronic said it has agreed to buy Ireland-based competitor Covidien for $42.9 billion in cash and stock.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 15, Colombian voters went to the polls in a runoff between President Juan Manuel Santos (62) and right wing rival Oscar Ivan Zuluaga (55). President Juan Manuel Santos won re-election with almost 51% of the vote. Zuluaga trailed with 45%.
    (AP, 6/15/14)(Reuters, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 15, Egyptian security forces said they have seized the Zad chain of supermarkets owned by Khairat el-Shater and the Seoudi chain of Abdulrahman el-Seoud, two leading figures of the Muslim Brotherhood, as part of the government's crackdown against the banned organization.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)
2014        Jun 15, Indian PM Narendra Modi began his first visit abroad since taking office, arriving in Bhutan to launch a drive to reassert Indian influence in the region.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)
2014        Jun 15, In India an angry mob of workers wielding iron rods and stones beat the CEO of a West Bengal jute factory to death in a dispute over increasing their working hours.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 15, An Iraqi spokesman said security forces have killed 279 "terrorists" in the past 24 hours, as they pushed back against a major militant offensive. A series of explosions in Baghdad killed at least 19 people and injured over 40. Mortar rounds smashed into a central Iraq recruitment center for civilians volunteering to fight a militant offensive, killing 6 people. Sunni militants attacked Tal Afar. Images posted by ISIL militants indicated some 170 Iraqi soldiers killed following the June 12 capture of Tikrit. A claim of 1,700 killed was not confirmed.
    (AFP, 6/15/14)(Reuters, 6/15/14)(AP, 6/16/14)(SFC, 6/16/14, p.A4)
2014        Jun 15, Israeli troops arrested some 80 Palestinians, including dozens of members of Hamas, in an overnight raid in the West Bank as PM Benjamin Netanyahu accused the Islamic militant group of kidnapping three teenagers who went missing nearly three days ago.
    (AP, 6/15/14)
2014        Jun 15, In Kenya at least 50 people were killed after suspected al Shabaab gunmen in two minibuses sped into Mpeketoni town on the coast, shooting soccer fans watching a World Cup match in a television hall and targeting two hotels, a police post and a bank.
    (Reuters, 6/16/14)(AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 15, In Kosovo parliamentary candidate Elvis Pista, from the party of PM Hashim Thaci, was shot dead one week after an inconclusive general election in the tiny Balkan nation.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)
2014        Jun 15, In Libya renegade Gen. Khalifa Haftar launched an offensive against Islamist militants in the eastern city of Benghazi, prompting dozens of families to flee the port in the latest bout of turmoil to hit the North African oil-producing nation. A ground assault left 5 people dead.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)(SFC, 6/16/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 15, In Libya American commandoes seized Ahmed Abu Khattala. He and the Ansar al-Shariah militant group were accused by the US of involvement in the 2012 attack on its consulate in Benghazi that left 4 Americans dead, including Ambassador Chris Stevens.
    (AP, 6/18/14)(SFC, 6/18/14, p.A3)
2014        Jun 15, NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said NATO is preparing measures to help Ukraine defend itself in its stand-off with Russia, and must adapt to the fact that Moscow now views it as an adversary.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)
2014        Jun 15, In Nigeria at least 4 people were killed and houses torched in ethnic clashes between rival groups in eastern Taraba state. Media reported that more than 25 people were feared dead after the clash. At least 15 people were killed when suspected Boko Haram gunmen stormed a market in the farming community of Daku, Borno state.
    (Reuters, 6/16/14)(AFP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 15, Pakistan's army launched Operation Zarb e-Azb (strike of the Prophet’s sword), a "comprehensive operation" against militants holed up in the tribal North Waziristan region. As many as 100 militants were reported killed.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)(AP, 6/15/14)(Econ, 7/12/14, p.36)
2014        Jun 15, Slovakia inaugurated Andrej Kiska (51) its 4th president since independence in 1993. He vowed continued cooperation with the EU and NATO amid concerns about security in neighboring Ukraine.
    (AP, 6/15/14)
2014        Jun 15, In southwestern Sri Lanka hard-line Buddhists hurled gasoline bombs and looted homes and businesses in attacks in several Muslim towns, killing 3 Muslims and seriously wounding more than 50 people. The attacks were led by a mob from Bodu Bala Sena, or Buddhist Power Force, which rails against the country's Muslim minority.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 15, Syrian government forces retook Kasab, ousting rebels from the village on the Turkish border in the coastal heartland of President Bashar al-Assad's Alawite minority sect.
    (Reuters, 6/15/14)
2014        Jun 15, Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko declared a day of mourning and vowed to punish those responsible after pro-Russia separatists shot down a Ukrainian military transport plane a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/15/14)
2014        Jun 15, In southern Yemen a suspected Al-Qaeda gunman opened fire on a minibus carrying staff members from a military hospital in Aden, killing 8 people.
    (AFP, 6/15/14)

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