Today in History - June 16

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455        Jun 16, Rome was sacked by the Vandal army.
    (HN, 6/16/98)

632        Jun 16, Origin of Persian [Yazdegird] Era.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

956        Jun 16, Hugo the Great, duke of France, died.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1216        Jun 16, Pope Innocent III died. In 2003 John C. Moore authored “Pope Innocent III."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Innocent_III)(WSJ, 4/12/08, p.W8)

1487        Jun 16, Battle at Stoke: Henry VII beat John de la Pole & Lord Lovell.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1492        Jun 16, Jan Coppenhole, Flemish rebel leader, was beheaded.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1556        Jun 16, Pedro Fernandes Sardinha, The 1st bishop of Bahia, was shipwrecked between the rivers São Francisco and Cururipu and murdered by the Indians. The Caytes of the Brazilian coast ate the crews of every wrecked Portuguese ship they found. They ate the first Bishop of Bahia, two Canons, the Procurator of the Royal Portuguese Treasury, 2 pregnant women and several children.
    (WSJ, 7/8/96,p.A9)(www.newadvent.org/cathen/13466a.htm)

1567        Jun 16, Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle in Scotland.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1671        Jun 16, Stenka Razin, Cossack rebel leader, was tortured & executed in Moscow.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1722        Jun 16, John Churchill (b.1650), first Duke of Marlborough, English military strategist, died. In 2008 Richard Holmes authored “Marlborough: England’s Fragile Genius."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Churchill%2C_1st_Duke_of_Marlborough)(Econ, 6/21/08, p.99)

1745        Jun 16, English fleet occupied Cape Breton on St. Lawrence River.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1755        Jun 16, British captured Fort Beausejour and expelled the Acadians. The Accadians of Nova Scotia were uprooted by an English governor and forced to leave. Some 10,000 people moved to destinations like Maine and Louisiana. Some moved to Iles-de-la-Madeleine off Quebec. The Longfellow story "Evangeline" is based on this displacement.
    (SFEC, 8/22/99, p.T8,9)(SSFC, 6/2/02, p.C7)(MC, 6/16/02)

1775        Jun 16, American Col. William Prescott led 1200 men from Cambridge to dig in at Bunker’s Hill but arrived at night and dug in at Breed’s Hill. A siege on Boston by Colonial militia generals John Stark and Israel Putnam prompted the British to attack.
    (HT, 3/97, p.30)(SFC, 4/2/97, Z1 p.6)

1779        Jun 16, Spain, in support of the US, declared war on England.
    (MC, 6/16/02)
1779        Jun 16, Vice-Admiral Hardy sailed out of Isle of Wight against the Spanish fleet.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1784        Jun 16, Holland forbade orange clothes.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1815        Jun 16, Napoleon defeated the Prussians at the Battle of Ligny, Belgium.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ligny)
1815        Jun 16, A French attack at the crossroads called Quatre Bras badly mauled Anglo-Dutch army under Wellington, but failed to rout it or to take the crossroads. Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte had marched into Belgium to find himself confronted by two allied armies, which he tried to split apart. Although similarly battered at Ligny that day, the Prussian army also retired intact. Both armies would face Napoleon again two days later at Waterloo.
    (HNPD, 6/16/99)(Econ, 5/23/15, p.71)

1818        Jun 16, An ice-dammed lake in the Val de Bagnes above Martigny broke through its barrier causing many deaths. This event led Jean de Charpentier to focus on Swiss glaciers and then influence Louis Agassiz with his ideas regarding glacier development.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignaz_Venetz)

1822        Jun 16, Denmark Vessy led a slave rebellion in South Carolina. [see Jul 2]
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1833        Jun 16, Lucie (Ruthy) Blackburn (30), a fugitive slave, escaped from jail in Detroit and made her way to Canada. The next day a riot erupted, “The Blackburn Riots," as her husband, Thornton Blackburn (21), was escorted for return to slavery. Thornton escaped to Canada to join his wife. The first extradition case between the US and Canada over the issue of fugitive slaves soon followed. Canada ruled it could not extradite people to a jurisdiction that imposed harsher penalties then they would have received for the same offense in Canada and the Blackburns remained in Ontario.
    (AH, 4/07, p.43)

1850        Jun 16, Pope Pius IX persuaded Rev. Joseph Sadoc Alemany to return to the US and to go to California.
    (SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A22)

1856        Jun 16, James Strang, king of Big Beaver Island, Mich., was ambushed by Thomas Bedford and Alexander Wentworth. They shot him three times and then pistol-whipped him and fled to Mackinac on the USS Michigan. Bedfrod and Wentworth were brought before a justice of the peace and after a brief hearing were fined $1.25 for court costs and released as public heroes. Soon after, 75 vigilantes sailed to Beaver Island and cleared out the Strangite adherents.
    (Smith., Aug. 1995, p.88)

1858        Jun 16, In a speech accepting the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate in Springfield, Ill., Senate candidate Abraham Lincoln said the slavery issue had to be resolved, declaring, "A house divided against itself cannot stand."
    (AP, 6/16/98)(HN, 6/16/98)
1858        Jun 16, Dr. John Snow (b.1813), English obstetrician, died of a stroke. He is considered the father of epidemiology for his efforts in documenting the spread of cholera in London epidemics.
    (ON, 5/05, p.10)

1861        Jun 16, Battle of Vienna, VA., and Secessionville, SC (James Island).
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1864        Jun 16, Siege of Petersburg and Richmond began after a moonlight skirmish.
    (HN, 6/16/98)
1864        Jun 16, Battle of Lynchburg, VA.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1879        Jun 16, Gilbert & Sullivan's "HMS Pinafore" debuted at Bowery Theater in NYC.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1883        Jun 16, The New York Gothams admitted both escorted and unescorted ladies to the baseball park free in the 1st ladies’ day game against the Cleveland Spiders. NY won, 5-2. The club was founded by farming magnate John B. Day and manager Jim Mutrie. The franchise name was reportedly changed to the NY Giants in 1885.
    (HNQ, 12/21/01)(AP, 6/16/03)(SSFC, 3/30/14, p.L7)

1884        Jun 16, America's 1st roller coaster began operating at Coney Island, NYC. It hit a top speed of 6 mph.
    (MC, 6/16/02)(Econ, 6/28/03, p.30)

1888        Jun 16, Bobby Clark, comedian and actor, was born.
    (HN, 6/16/01)

1890        Jun 16, Stan Laurel (d.1965), entertainer, was born in England. He teamed up with Oliver Hardy (Laurel & Hardy) to make over 100 comedy films.
    (WUD, 1994 p.811)(HN, 6/16/01)(MC, 6/16/02)

1896        Jun 16, Jean Peugeot, French auto manufacturer, was born.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1897        Jun 16, The US government signed a treaty of annexation with Hawaii. The US Congress annexed Hawaii--without a vote from the Hawaiian people. Nearly 22,000 native Hawaiians had signed a petition opposing the annexation.
    (AP, 6/16/98)(HNPD, 1/25/99)(SSFC, 8/30/09, p.M1)

1899        Jun 16, Nelson Doubleday, US publisher (Doubleday), was born.
    (MC, 6/16/02)
1899        Jun 16, Helen Traubel, soprano (Met Opera Walkure/Isolde), nightclubs, was born in St Louis, MO.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1902        Jun 16, Barbara McClintock, geneticist (Nobel 1983), was born.
    (HN, 6/16/01)(MC, 6/16/02)
1902        Jun 16, George Gaylord Simpson, paleontologist, was born.
    (HN, 6/16/01)

1903        Jun 16, Ford Motor Co. was incorporated.
    (AP, 6/16/98)
1903        Jun 16, Pepsi Cola company formed. [see 1902]
    (MC, 6/16/02)
1903        Jun 16, Roald Amundsen (31) departed Christiana (later Oslo), Norway, aboard Gjøa with a crew of 6 to search for the Northwest Passage. They reached California in the fall of 1905.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.765)(Ind, 4/27/02, 5A)

1904        Jun 16, Bloomsday. The 1922 novel “Ulysses" by James Joyce was set on this day. It charts the wanderings of Leopold Bloom and Stephen Dedalus among Dublin streets and beaches, museums and galleries, pubs and brothels through the ebb and tide of their memories and emotions. The "same day that the penniless and Myopic Jimmy Joyce (22) first walked out with the redheaded chambermaid Nora Barnacle," (20) who became his Molly Bloom. In 1988 Brenda Maddox authored "Nora: The Real Life of Molly Bloom."
    (SFC, 6/13/96, p.C6)(SFEC, 10/31/99, BR p.7)(AP, 6/14/04)

1907        Jun 16, The Russian czar dissolved the Duma in St. Petersburg.
    (HN, 6/16/98)

1909        Jun 16, Jim Thorpe made his pro baseball pitching debut for Rocky Mount (ECL) with a 4-2 win. This later caused him to forfeit his Olympic medals.
    (MC, 6/16/02)
1909         Jun 16, In San Francisco the Gjoe, explorer Roald Amundsen’s converted herring boat, was passed as a gift to the people of San Francisco. He had used the vessel to cross the Northwest Passage in 1905 and had arrived in SF in 1906. In 1972 the Gjoe was returned to Norway and a commemorative sculpture was left next to the Beach Chalet at Ocean Beach.
    (Ind, 4/27/02, 5A)(SSFC, 6/14/09, DB p.50)

1917        Jun 16, Katharine Graham (d.2001), publisher of the Washington Post, was born. She was later considered one of the most influential women in the United States.
    (HN, 6/16/99)(SFC, 7/18/01, p.A6)
1917        Jun 16, Irving Penn, fashion photographer, brother of film director Arthur Penn, was born.
    (HN, 6/16/01)
1917        Jun 16, The 1st Congress of Soviets convened in Russia.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1920        Jun 16, John Howard Griffin, writer, was born. He posed as an African-American in the south in the early 1960s and his experiences resulted in the book "Black Like Me."
    (HN, 6/16/99)

1922        Jun 16, Henry Berliner demonstrated his helicopter to US Bureau of Aeronautics.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1923        Jun 16, Sun Yat Sen founded a military academy.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1925        Jun 16, France accepted a German proposal for a security pact.
    (HN, 6/16/98)

1932        Jun 16, President Hoover and Vice President Charles Curtis were renominated at the Republican national convention in Chicago.
    (AP, 6/16/02)
1932        Jun 16, The ban on Nazi storm troopers was lifted by the von Papen government in Germany. Germany forbade SA/SS street brawls.
    (HN, 6/16/98)(MC, 6/16/02)

1933        Jun 16, The 2nd US Glass-Steagall Act, actually the Bank Act of 1933, banned banks from underwriting stocks. It separated regular banks from investment banks. It was the 2nd act of the same name. Mr. Glass agreed to attach Mr. Steagall’s pet amendment, which authorized bank deposit insurance for the first time. [see 1932]
    (WSJ, 8/8/97, p.A11)(WSJ, 4/10/98, p.A1,6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glass-Steagall_Act)
1933        Jun 16, The US Congress passed the National Industrial Recovery Act, which established the Public Works Administration (PWA) and the National Recovery Administration. A $.25-per-hour standard wage was set as part of the Act. However, in 1935 the US Supreme Court declared the National Recovery Act unconstitutional, and the minimum wage was abolished. In July a code of the NRA instituted a 35 hour week for blue-collar workers and a 40-hour week for office employees. Minimum wages were also instituted, ranging from 12 ½ cents an hour for needlework employees in Puerto Rico to 70 cents an hour for wrecking and salvage workers in NYC. Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt had employers sign a “President’s Reemployment Agreement" covering 16.3 million employees. The employers who signed on agreed to limit work weeks to 40 hours, to pay a minimum wage of $12-$15 per week (at least 30 cents/hour) and to not hire children under 16.
    (www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1663.html)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minimum_wage)
    (http://tinyurl.com/8mxty)(http://tinyurl.com/9t4rn)
1933        Jun 16, US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) became effective. The initial deposit insurance level was set at $2,500.
    (www.fdic.gov/regulations/laws/rules/1000-200.html)(WSJ, 7/21/08, p.A10)

1935        Jun 16, Jim Dine, American artist, was born.
    (HN, 6/16/01)
1935        Jun 16, President Roosevelt's New Deal legislation was passed by the House of Representatives.
    (HN, 6/16/01)

1937        Jun 16, August Busch III, CEO (Anheuser-Busch, St Louis Cards), was born.
    (MC, 6/16/02)
1937        Jun 16, Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opened in LA. [see Jun 11]
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1938        Jun 16, Joyce Carol Oates, American writer and university professor, was born. She wrote "Them" and "Garden of Earthly Delights."
    (HN, 6/16/99)
1938        Jun 16, Torgny Lindgren, Swedish writer, was born.
    (HN, 6/16/01)
1938        Jan 16, The Benny Goodman Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert featured an outstanding solo by saxophonist Lester Young. Goodman performed at Carnegie Hall along with Count Basie, Harry James, Lester Young, Gene Krupa, Johnny Hodges, Lionel Hampton and 17 others. The concert was recorded and in 2000 Columbia issued a remastered edition of the performance.
    (WSJ, 8/29/96, A11)(WSJ, 1/12/00, p.A20)

1939        Jun 16-1939 Jun 20, Jewish refugees, whose quest for freedom in the Americas was denied, began to disembark the SS St. Louis back in Europe. Holland took 181, France received 224, 228 went to Great Britain, and 214 went to Belgium. [see May 13 and June 4]
    (www.iearn.org/hgp/aeti/aeti-1999/ushmm-and-st-louis2.htm)

1940        Jun 16, Dubose Heyward, US writer (Porgy, Star Spangled Virgin), died.
    (MC, 6/16/02)
1940        Jun 16, French Chief of State, Henri Petain, asked for an armistice with Germany. [see Jun 17]
    (HN, 6/16/98)
1940        Jun 16, Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov presented August Rei, Estonia’s envoy in Moscow, an ultimatum to allow an unlimited number of Soviet troops, which was accepted. Latvia received a similar ultimatum.
    (DrEE, 10/26/96, p.4)(www.historycommission.ee/temp/conclusions_frame.htm)

1941        Jun 16, The new Washington National Airport opened southwest of DC. In 1945, Congress passed a law that established the airport was legally within Virginia but under the jurisdiction of the federal government. In 1998 it was renamed Ronald Reagan National Airport.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Reagan_Washington_National_Airport)

1942        Jun 16, The SS Port Nicholson was headed for New York with 71 tons of platinum valued at about $53 million when it was sunk off Maine in an attack that left six people dead. The platinum was a payment from the Soviet Union to the US for war supplies.
    (AP, 2/2/12)(www.shippingtimes.co.uk/item_10244.html)

1943        Jun 16, Comedian Charles Chaplin married his fourth wife, 18-year-old Oona O'Neill, daughter of playwright Eugene O'Neill, in Carpenteria, Calif.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1947        Jun 16, Pravda denounced the Marshall Plan.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1949        Jun 16, A gas turbine, electric locomotive was demonstrated in Erie, Pa.
    (MC, 6/16/02)
1949        Jun 16, Laszlo Rajk, the Hungarian Communist foreign minister, was arrested on charges of conspiracy. This set off a purge of Hungarian Communists accused of deviating from the Soviet line.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1188)

1952        Jun 16, “Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl" was published in the United States.
    (HN, 6/16/98)
1952        Jun 16, Soviet Fighters shot down a Swedish Catalina reconnaissance flight.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1954        Jun 16, In San Francisco the 13-foot neon schooner atop the new Hamm’s Brewery building at 1550 Bryant St. was turned on. Brewing at the facility ended in 1974.
    (SFC, 4/10/12, p.E2)

1955        Jun 16, The U.S. House of Representatives voted to extend Selective Service until 1959.
    (HN, 6/16/98)
1955        Jun 16, Pope Pius XII excommunicated Argentine President Juan Domingo Peron. The ban was lifted eight years later.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1957        Jun 16, There was a French offensive in Algeria.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1958        Jun 16, The US Supreme Court, in Kent v. Dulles, ruled that artist Rockwell Kent could not be denied a passport because of his communist affiliations.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
1958        Jun 16, Imre Nagy (b.1896), former Hungarian premier (1956) and symbol of the 1956 uprising against Soviet rule, was hanged by the Communist government of Janos Kadar.
    (www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/kbank/profiles/nagy/)(Econ, 10/21/06, p.95)

1959        Jun 16, George Reeves (b.1914), American film and TV actor, died. Suicide was the predominant presumed cause of death. Reeves starred as Superman on TV from 1952-1958. In 1976 Gary Grossman authored “Superman: Serial to Cereal." The 1996 book “Hollywood Kryptonite," by Sam Kashner and Nancy Schoenberger, discusses the doubts by friends and relatives and the forensic evidence as to whether suicide was even physically possible.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Reeves)

1960        Jun 16, The Alfred Hitchcock movie “Psycho" opened in New York.
    (AP, 6/16/00)

1961        Jun 16, Dave Garroway was fired as Today Show host.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1963        Jun 16, The world's first female space traveler, Valentina Tereshkova, was launched into orbit by the Soviet Union aboard Vostok VI.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1966        Jun 16, "Rowan & Martin Show," debuted on NBC-TV.
    (MC, 6/16/02)
1966        Jun 16, In the 20th Tony Awards: Marat/Sade and Man of La Mancha won.
    (MC, 6/16/02)

1967        Jun 16, The three-day Monterey International Pop Music Festival opened in northern California.
    (AP, 6/16/07)

1970        Jun 16, Kenneth A. Gibson of Newark, N.J., became the first black to win a mayoral election in a major Northeast city.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1971        Jun 16, An El Greco sketch, "The Immaculate Conception," stolen in Spain 35 years earlier, was recovered in New York City by the FBI.
    (www.historynet.com/tdih0616.htm)

1975        Jun 16, The cartoon “Travels With Farley" by Phil Frank (1943-2007) launched in 50 newspapers.
    (SFC, 6/16/05, p.E2)
1975        Jun 16, The US Supreme Court ruled that uniform minimum legal fees are a violation.
    (http://supreme.justia.com/us/421/773/)

1976        Jun 16, U.S. Ambassador Francis E. Meloy, Jr. (b.1917) was murdered along with his associate Robert Waring, an American economic advisor. The two had been en route to a meeting with Lebanese president-elect Elias Sarkis when they were abducted by Muslim guerillas in Beirut.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_E._Meloy,_Jr.)
1976        Jun 16, In South Africa white police gunned down teenagers Hector Pieterson and Hastings Ndhlovu and caused a nationwide riot that left 700 people dead. Students at Morris Isacson High School in Soweto had marched to protest a new rule that called for Afrikaans as the medium of instruction.
    (SFC, 6/15/96, p.C12)(USAT, 7/9/04, p.10D)

1977        Jun 16, Werner von Braun (65), German-born Nazi and American rocket scientist (V1/V2), died of smoking. In 2005 Bob Ward authored “Dr. Space," a biography of von Braun.
    (www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/sputnik/braun.html)(WSJ, 6/16/05, p.D8)
1977        Jun 16, Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet Communist Party General Secretary, was named president of the USSR, becoming the first person to hold both posts simultaneously.
    (AP, 6/16/98)(HN, 6/16/98)

1978        Jun 16, President Carter and Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos exchanged instruments of ratification for the Panama Canal treaties.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1979        Jun 16, In Aleppo, Syria, Captain Ibrahim el-Yousuf, the officer on duty (in charge of moral and political steering and head of Ba’ath Party Unit) at the Military Artillery school, committed a massacre, killing 32 cadets and wounding 54 others. The culprits targeted cadets from the Alawite sect, however the then minister of information Mr. Ahmad Iskander Ahmad stated that they included Christians and Sunni Muslims. Immediately after the massacre, a country-wide campaign was started to uproot the Muslim Brotherhood organization.
    (www.shrc.org.uk/data/aspx/d5/315.aspx)

1980        Jun 16, The film "Blues Brothers" premiered in Chicago. National release was June 20.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0080455/releaseinfo)
1980        Jun 16, US Supreme Court ruled that new forms of life created in labs could become patents.
    (https://eee.uci.edu/clients/bjbecker/NatureandArtifice/week10c.html)
1980        Jun 16, Huey P. Newton (1942-1989), co-founder of the Black Panther Party, received his doctoral degree from UC Santa Cruz. His doctoral thesis was titled “War Against the Panthers: A Study of Repression in America."
    (SFC, 6/10/05, p.F2)

1983        Jun 16, Pope John Paul II visited Poland.
    (www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/travels/sub_index1983/trav_polonia_en.htm)
1983        Jun 16, Yuri Andropov (1914-1984, USSR party leader, was elected president.
    (www.britannica.com/ebc/article-9272865)

1987        Jun 16, NYC subway gunman Bernhard Goetz was acquitted on all but gun possession charges after shooting 4 black youths who tried to rob him [see Oct 20]. In 1996, a civil jury ordered Goetz to pay $43 million to one of the persons he'd shot.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q2px6)(AP, 6/16/07)

1988        Jun 16, Impeached and ousted Arizona Gov. Evan Mecham and his brother, Willard, were found innocent by a Phoenix jury of concealing a $350,000 campaign loan.
    (AP, 6/16/98)

1989        Jun 16, Hungarians paid homage to former premier Imre Nagy and four associates executed for leading the anti-Soviet revolt of 1956. At least 250,000 people attended the ceremonial reburial of PM Imre Nagy and four others hanged 31 years earlier and buried face down in unmarked graves. The reburial, broadcast live on TV from Budapest's Heroes' Square, came as Hungary's communist leadership and the democratic opposition were beginning to negotiate the country's transition to democracy. Sandor Racz, a 1956 veteran, called on the world to "help the Soviet Union" withdraw its troops from Hungary. Viktor Orban, then 26 and later to become prime minister, also urged the Russians to withdraw but blasted the country's communist leadership for making the 1956 revolution a taboo subject.
    (AP, 6/16/99)(AP, 6/16/09)

1990        Jun 16, A crowd in the Netherlands welcomed African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, who thanked them for staunch Dutch support for the anti-apartheid movement.
    (AP, 6/16/00)

1991        Jun 16, The seventh International Conference on AIDS opened in Florence, Italy. The conference was marked by pleas from African and Asian countries for more help and criticism directed at the United States for its refusal to allow visits by foreigners infected with the AIDS virus.
    (AP, 6/16/01)

1992        Jun 16, President George H.W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin capped the first day of their Washington summit by announcing their countries had agreed to slash their long-range nuclear arsenals by two-thirds.
    (AP, 6/16/02)
1992        Jun 16, Former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger was indicted on 5-count felony charges in connection with the Iran-Contra affair. He was later pardoned by Bush. In 2001 Weinberger authored “In the Arena," an account of his ordeal.
    (WSJ, 11/28/01, p.A16)(AP, 6/16/02)

1993        Jun 16, The Dan Quayle Center and Museum opened in Huntington, Indiana.
    (DFP, 7/28/96, p.J1)
1993        Jun 16, The UN authorized an arms and oil embargo against Haiti.
    (www.un.org/News/ossg/haiti.htm)

1994        Jun 16, Former President Jimmy Carter, on a private visit to North Korea, reported the Communist nation's leaders were eager to resume talks with the United States on resolving disputes about Pyongyang's nuclear program and improving relations.
    (AP, 6/16/99)
1994        Jun 16, Boris Alexandrov (88), conductor (Red Army Song and Dance Ensemble), died.
    (www.oconnormusic.org/month-jun.htm)

1995        Jun 16, Salt Lake City was awarded the XIX Winter Olympic Games for 2002. A scandal later developed over pay-offs.
    (AP, 6/16/00)
1995        Jun 16, Bosnian government forces aided by Bosnian Croats unleashed a major offensive in hopes of breaking the Serb stranglehold on Sarajevo.
    (AP, 6/16/00)

1996        Jun 16, The Chicago Bulls won the NBA championship, beating the Seattle SuperSonics in game six, 87-to-75.
    (AP, 6/16/01)
1996        Jun 16, Sportscaster Mel Allen died in Greenwich, Connecticut, at age 83.
    (AP, 6/16/01)
1996        Jun 16, In Afghanistan a bomb exploded in a Jalalabad market and killed 4 people and wounded more than 20.
    (SFC, 6/15/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 16, Croats in Mostar named Pero Markovic as the new president of Herzeg-Bosnia.
    (SFC, 6/15/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 16, Members of a Muslim party beat former Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic during a northern Bosnia political rally. Leaders of Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia signed an agreement to reduce arsenals of heavy weapons.
    (WSJ, 6/17/96, p.A1)
1996        Jun 16, In India monsoon rainstorms battered southern India for 3 days and killed at least 85 people with 250 missing.
    (SFC, 6/16/96, p.A11)
1996        Jun 16, IRA guerrillas were caught making dozens of new bombs when police raided an arms factory west of Dublin. Prime Minister John Burton made the announcement ten days later.
    (SFC, 6/26/96, p.A9)
1996        Jun 16, Russian voters went to the polls in their first independent presidential election; the result was a runoff between President Boris and Communist challenger Gennady Zyuganov. Yeltsin won the July runoff.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A8)(AP, 6/16/01)
1996        Jun 16, In Zambia 15 soccer fans were crushed to death and 52 injured during a stampede after Zambia beat Sudan.
    (SFC, 6/15/96, p.A10)

1997        Jun 16, The Dow Jones Industrial Average climbed above 8,000 for the 1st time.
    (SSFC, 2/2/03, p.I4)
1997        Jun 16, Intel introduced its Net PC.
    (SFC, 6/17/97, p.A1)
1997        Jun 16, Motorola planned a new satellite system called Celestri to deliver data and video to int’l. organizations. This system would run in addition to the iridium project (66 satellites) and M-Star (72 satellites). It will compete with Teledesic, a 288-satellite plan, and an Alcatel-Loral venture called SkyBridge with 64 satellites. Service was planned to begin in 2002.
    (WSJ, 6/17/97, p.A3)
1997        Jun 16, In Algeria in post-election violence more than 50 people were slain in recent days. Blame was place on the Armed Islamic Group.
    (SFC, 6/17/97, p.D2)
1997        Jun 16, The British government broke off contacts it had just renewed with Sinn Fein after the Irish Republican Army killed two Protestant policemen in Lurgan, Northern Ireland.
    (AP, 6/16/98)(SFC, 6/17/97, p.A1)
1997        Jun 16, Israeli soldiers wounded 38 Palestinians in the 3rd day of protests at Hebron.
    (WSJ, 6/17/97, p.A1)
1997        Jun 16, In Japan Sue Sumii died at age 95 working on the 8th volume of her novel “The River With No Bridge." It was about the plight of the burakumin (the untouchables) of Japan. She published the first volume in 1958.
    (SFC, 6/24/97, p.A19)

1998        Jun 16, The Detroit Red Wings took home the Stanley Cup for the second consecutive year after completing a sweep of the Washington Capitals with a 4-1 victory in game four.
    (AP, 6/16/03)
1998        Jun 16, A woman (40) in Florida gave birth to a baby boy, named Sean, shown live on the Internet.
    (SFC, 6/17/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 16, Massachusetts' highest court cleared the way for Louise Woodward to return home to England, upholding a judge's ruling that freed the au pair convicted of killing a baby.
    (AP, 6/16/99)
1998        Jun 16, In Afghanistan the Taliban ordered the closing of over 100 private schools that had been educating girls. Schools would not be allowed to teach girls older than 8 and lessons were to be limited to the Koran.
    (SFC, 6/17/98, p.C16)
1998        Jun 16, North Korea admitted that it had sold missiles abroad and would continue to do so to generate needed income.
    (SFC, 6/17/98, p.A14)
1998        Jun 16, In South Korea Chung Ju-Yung (83), a wealthy industrialist, led 500 cattle in 50 open trucks, his Operation Rawhide, across the border to North Korea. He recently published an autobiography.
    (SFC, 6/17/98, p.C16)
1998        Jun 16, Senegal fired artillery into Guinea-Bissau to support Pres. Vieira.
    (WSJ, 6/17/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 16, In Serbia Pres. Milosevic agreed to allow monitors into Kosovo and to begin talks with Kosovo Albanian leaders, but not to withdraw his military forces until “terrorist activities subside."
    (WSJ, 6/17/98, p.A1)

1999        Jun 16, Vice President Al Gore announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
    (AP, 6/16/00)
1999        Jun 16, Kathleen Ann Soliah, a fugitive member of the Symbionese Liberation Army, was captured in St. Paul, Minnesota, where she had made a new life under the name Sara Jane Olson.
    (AP, 6/16/00)
1999        Jun 16, In Santa Fe 34 tribes filed a multibillion-dollar lawsuit against the nation's largest tobacco companies.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.a3)
1999        Jun 16, The US decided to support a British and Dutch proposal to partially lift oil sanctions on Iraq in exchange for answers on weapons programs and a new group of UN arms inspectors. Iraq rejected the proposal.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.C3)(SFC, 6/19/99, p.A11)
1999        Jun 16, US Marines in Kosovo disarmed 116 members of the KLA.
    (WSJ, 6/17/99, p.A21)
1999        Jun 16, Austria reported that it found animal feed contaminated with Dioxin.
    (WSJ, 6/17/99, p.A18)
1999        Jun 16, Screaming Lord Sutch, leader of Britain's Official Monster Raving Loony Party, was found dead at age 58. His party campaigned under the slogan: "Vote for Insanity, You Know It Makes Sense." Before entering fringe politics he ran a rock band called the Savages that featured Noel Redding (Jimi Hendrix Experience), Keith Moon (the Who) and Jeff Beck.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.C4)
1999        Jun 16, Pakistan admitted deep involvement on the Kashmir border war with India.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.C3)
1999        Jun 16, Thabo Mbeki took the oath as president of South Africa, succeeding Nelson Mandela. Mbeki soon appointed Jacob Zuma, chairperson of the ANC, as deputy president.
    (AP, 6/16/00)(www.anc.org.za/people/zumaj.html)

2000        Jun 16, The US Senate passed a bill to allow e-signatures for online contracts. Pres. Clinton said he would sign the bill.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A3)
2000        Jun 16, Federal regulators approved the merger of Bell Atlantic and GTE Corporation, creating the nation’s largest local phone company.
    (AP, 6/16/01)
2000        Jun 16, Inacom Corp., once the world’s largest computer dealer, sent most of its 5,100 employees an e-mail directing them to a toll-free phone number with a recorded message that fired them.
    (WSJ, 11/8/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 16, Scientists reported the discovery the sugar molecule, glucoaldehyde, near the center of the Milky Way at Sagittarius North, 26,000 light-years away.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A2)
2000        Jun 16, Raynard Johnson, 17, was found hanging from a tree in Marion County, Mississippi; investigators later ruled it a suicide, not a lynching.
    (AP, 6/16/01)
2000        Jun 16, In Chechnya Umar Idrisov, a Muslim leader, was shot and killed by attackers following a sermon for peace. 2 Chechen police officers working for Russian authorities were found beheaded.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A10)
2000        Jun 16, In Ethiopia the election board announced that the 4-party Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front won a landslide victory in 4 key regions in the may 14 elections.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A10)
2000        Jun 16, The Israeli pullout from Lebanon was finished according to UN Sec.-Gen. Kofi Annan. Lebanese Prime Minister Salim Hoss claimed that some Israeli outposts were still present inside their border.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A8)(SFEC, 6/18/00, p.A9)
2000        Jun 16, Empress dowager Nagako, widow of Japan’s Emperor Hirohito, died in Tokyo at age 97.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A20)(AP, 6/16/01)
2000        Jun 16, In Mexico American expatriates Norris (67) and Nancy (62) Price were found shot to death in Ajijic near Guadalajara. A land dispute was suspected.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A10)
2000        Jun 16, Serb opposition leader Vuk Draskovic was slightly wounded in an assassination attempt at his vacation home in Budva, Montenegro. Montenegro authorities reported the arrest of the attackers.
    (SFC, 6/16/00, p.A19)(SFC, 6/17/00, p.A8)
2000        Jun 16, In Russia Pres. Putin proposed a Moscow-based early warning center for missile launches around the world.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A8)
2000        Jun 16, In Russia media mogul Vladimir Gusinsky was released from jail but swindling and theft charges were maintained.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A8)
2000        Jun 16, South Korea turned off its anti-Communist broadcasts over border speakers at North Korea.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.A9)

2001        Jun 16, President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin, face to face for the first time, pledged during a meeting in Slovenia to deepen their nations' bonds and to explore the possibility of compromise on U.S. missile defense plans. Putin warned Bush against Nato expansion and “unilateral action" on missile defense, but they promoted their new friendship and planned economic cooperation.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A1)(AP, 6/16/02)
2001        Jun 16, In Afghanistan most UN bread production for some 282,000 poor in Kabul ceased due to disagreements on who should compile the list of people eligible for the bread.
    (SFC, 6/15/01, p.D6)(SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A20)
2001        Jun 16, In Narayanganj, Bangladesh, a bomb exploded at a political rally of PM Hasina’s governing Awami League Party. At least 22 people were killed.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A20)(WSJ, 6/18/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 16, In Colombia the government and FARC rebels swapped dozens of prisoners.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A20)
2001        Jun 16, In Germany Berlin lawmakers elected Klaus Wowereit as their first openly gay mayor.
    (AP, 6/16/02)
2001        Jun 16, It was reported that the Montenegro weekly Nacional had accused Pres. Djukanovic of amassing $65 million from cigarette smuggling over the last decade and had ordered contract killings of associates.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A16)
2001        Jun 16, In Goteborg, Sweden, 15 EU leaders ended a 3-day summit and agreed to a firm timetable to admit new members by 2004.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.A12)

2002        Jun 16, A runaway winner again in the U.S. Open, Tiger Woods became the first player since Jack Nicklaus in 1972 to capture the first two major championships of the year.
    (AP, 6/16/03)
2002        Jun 16, The Bush administration revealed a secret plan to for the CIA to undermine and possibly kill Iraqi Pres. Saddam Hussein. [see Apr 4]
    (SFC, 6/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Jun 16, In China at least 24 people were killed and 13 injured when a fire swept through the packed Lanjisu Cyber cafe in a university district of Beijing, in the city's worst fire since 1949. Windows were barred and the only door was locked. The unlicensed owner was arrested.
    (Reuters, 6/16/02)(SFC, 6/17/02, p.A7)
2002        Jun 16, France's leftist parliament became the latest casualty in Europe's rightward shift with a crushing legislative victory by the mainstream right that gave President Jacques Chirac full control of parliament.
    (AP, 6/17/02)
 2002        Jun 16, In Indian Kashmir suspected Islamic militants hurled grenades and opened fire on police, sleeping villagers and Hindu pilgrims, killing 12 people over the last 24 hours. 21 people, including five Hindu villagers, were killed in several incidents of separatist violence.
    (AP, 6/16/02)(Reuters, 6/16/02)(SFC, 6/17/02, p.A8)
2002        Jun 16, Philippine troops shot dead one Muslim rebel and wounded an unknown number in their first clash with the guerrillas since an American hostage was killed in a rescue operation more than a week ago.
    (Reuters, 6/16/02)
2002        Jun 16, In Russia two army deserters shot and killed two police officers who stopped their stolen car at a traffic checkpoint in southern Russia.
    (AP, 6/16/02)
2002        Jun 16, Pope John Paul II declared the mystic 20th century monk Padre Pio, a Capuchin monk who died in 1968, a saint.
    (AP, 6/16/02)

2003        Jun 16, A divided US Supreme Court said the government can force medication on mentally ill criminal defendants only in the rarest of circumstances.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2003        Jun 16, Thomas J. O'Brien (67), the Roman Catholic bishop of Phoenix, was arrested in connection with a fatal hit and run accident 2 days earlier. In 2004 O'Brien was sentenced to 4 years probation.
    (SFC, 6/17/03, p.A14)(WSJ, 3/29/04, p.A1)
2003        Jun 16, Twelve people sent to prison as the result of a Tulia, Texas, drug bust were released on bail by a judge who said they'd been railroaded by an undercover agent. A total of 35 people were later pardoned by Texas Governor Rick Perry.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2003        Jun 16, The 100th anniversary of the founding of Ford Motor Co. Douglas Brinkley authored "Wheels for the World," a history of the company.
    (WSJ, 4/25/03, W6)
2003        Jun 16, Scientists reported that they've identified a flawed gene that appears to promote manic-depression, or bipolar disorder.
    (AP, 6/16/03)
2003        Jun 16, Erica Young (16) and Uchenna Okeigwe (22) were murdered in Richmond, Ca. In 2007 Kimiko Kimio Wilson (22) was sentenced to life in prison for their murder and the attempted murder of Sheianna Babcock.
    (www.contracostatimes.com/news/ci_6039474)
2003        Jun 16, The Association of Southeast Asian Nations urged Myanmar's military government to free pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
    (AP, 6/16/03)
2003        Jun 16, In Colombia Pres. Alvaro Uribe helped deploy the nation's latest weapon in a nearly 40-year civil war, sending 10,000 peasant soldiers back to their villages to confront rebels and paramilitary fighters.
    (AP, 6/17/03)
2003        Jun 16, In England Steve Gough began a naked 847-mile trek Land's End to John 0'Groats at Scotland's north end.
    (SFC, 8/19/03, p.A11)
2003        Jun 16, In southern India a coal mine collapsed with at least 17 miners feared killed.
    (AP, 6/16/03)
2003        Jun 16, In Indonesia a passenger train slammed into a minibus carrying wedding guests, killing at least 15 people.
    (AP, 6/16/03)
2003        Jun 16, Abid Hamid Mahmud al-Tikriti, No. 4 on the wanted list, surrendered at a private home in Tikrit following informants' tips. Nearby US soldiers found two boxes, each counting $4 million in bundled hundred-dollar bills, along with hundreds of pieces of jewelry, a sniper rifle and two pounds of plastic explosive.
    (AP, 6/19/03)(SFC, 6/19/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 16, An explosion collapsed the ceiling in the Ziminka mine in the town of Prokopyevsk, one of central Siberia's oldest coal mines, killing 11 miners and trapping 4 others, who were later rescued.
    (AP, 6/17/03)(AP, 6/18/03)

2004        Jun 16, Rebuffing Bush administration claims, the independent commission investigating the Sept. 11 attacks said no evidence existed that al-Qaida had strong ties to Saddam Hussein.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2004        Jun 16, Gov. Barbour of Mississippi singed a law capping jury awards in most lawsuits.
    (WSJ, 6/17/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 16, A new computer worm targeting mobile phones was reported. It was dubbed “Cabir" and reportedly written by a virus-writing group in Spain known as 29A.
    (WSJ, 6/16/04, p.B9)
2004        Jun 16, Al Lapin Jr. (76), co-founder of the International House of Pancakes in 1958, died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2004        Jun 16, In northern Afghanistan a remote-controlled bomb hit a convoy of German peacekeepers, killing an Afghan driver and three civilians.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2004        Jun 16, French power workers cut electricity to the Eiffel Tower and President Jacques Chirac's residence in western Paris to protest the government's plans to partially privatize state utilities in an effort to raise money.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2004        Jun 16, In India a passenger train derailed after smashing into boulders on a bridge, killing at least 20 people and injuring 50. The engine of the Bombay-bound Matsyagandha Express jumped the tracks and plunged off the bridge.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2004        Jun 16, Saboteurs blasted a southern pipeline for the 2nd time in as many days, shutting down Iraq's oil exports. Gunmen killed a security chief for the state-run Northern Oil Co. Muqtada al-Sadr ordered his Shiite militias out of Najaf and Kufa.
    (AP, 6/16/04)(WSJ, 6/17/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 16, A Jordanian military court convicted 15 men, only one of whom was in custody, for a terror conspiracy targeting U.S. and Israeli interests.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2004        Jun 16, Libyan Arab Airline announced plans to spend a billion dollars over the next decade to buy 22 new aircraft, ranging from 14-seaters to jets with a capacity of 350 seats.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2004        Jun 16, Jose Fernando Jimenez Lecona, Mexico City police official, was shot to death outside his home. Lecona, head of a high-risk crimes unit, was investigating a string of brazen kidnappings.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.A3)
2004        Jun 16, In Nepal a passenger bus veered off a mountainous highway west of the capital, killing at least 12 passengers and leaving many more injured.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2004        Jun 16, In Pakistan a bus collided with a truck and plunged from a bridge near Islamabad, killing at least 40 passengers and injuring 10.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2004        Jun 16, President Vladimir Putin signed a strategic partnership deal with Uzbekistan, seeking to restore Russian influence.
    (AP, 6/16/04)
2004        Jun 16, Thanom Kittikachorn (92), ex-military ruler of Thailand died at the age of 92. He helped the US during the Vietnam War before being ousted in a popular uprising in 1973. Thanom came to be known as one of Thailand's "Three Tyrants" when he ran the country in the 1960s and early 1970s with his son, Col. Narong Kittikachorn, and Narong's father-in-law, Field Marshal Praphas Charusathien.
    (AP, 6/17/04)

2005        Jun 16, On the eve of Iran's presidential election, President Bush said the voting was designed to keep power in the hands of a few rulers "through an electoral process that ignores the basic requirements of democracy."
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2005        Jun 16, James Weinstein (b.1926), historian and founder of the political magazine “In These Times," died in Chicago.
    (SFC, 6/25/05, p.B4)
2005        Jun 16, Taliban rebels ambushed a police convoy in southern Afghanistan, taking at least 10 officers and a district police chief captive.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 16, Australian scientists said they have found a way to make blood cells in volume out of human master cells, which could eventually lead to production of safe blood cells for transfusions and organ transplants.
    (Reuters, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 16, In Brazil Chief of Staff Jose Dirceu resigned over accusations he knew of a vote-buying scheme in Congress, becoming the highest-ranking official hit by a scandal that has shaken President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva's administration.
    (AP, 6/16/05)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.37)
2005        Jun 16, In northwestern Cambodia a man driven by a grudge against his former employer spearheaded an assault on an international school in Siem Reap, taking dozens of children hostage and silencing a crying a 2-year-old Canadian boy by shooting him in the head.
    (AP, 6/17/05)(SFC, 6/17/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 16, EU leaders put on hold plans to unite their 25 nations under a single constitution.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2005        Jun 16, Officials said the Peace Corps has suspended operations in Haiti and evacuated its 16 volunteers because of increasing violence.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 16, India allowed foreign funds to invest in local news publications, widening the potential investor base within a 26 percent ceiling on foreign ownership. Foreign firms were allowed to own 100% of non-news publications.
    (AP, 6/16/05)(Econ, 3/1/08, p.44)
2005        Jun 16, A roadside bomb attack killed five US Marines, and gunfire killed an American sailor in a western Iraqi town. A suicide car bomber slammed into a truck that was carrying policemen along the main road connecting Baghdad with its airport, killing at least eight officers and injuring at least 25.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 16, Yoshiaki Tsutsumi, Japanese resort and railroad kingpin, pleaded guilty to charges of insider trading and falsifying records at the opening of his trial. This was widely seen as a symbol of the growing pressures toward transparency and social responsibility in corporate Japan.
    (AP, 6/16/05)(SFC, 6/17/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 16, Board members of the UN atomic watchdog agency approved a deal that exempts Saudi Arabia from nuclear inspections, despite serious misgivings about the arrangement in an era of heightened proliferation fears.
    (AP, 6/16/05)
2005        Jun 16, Marxists lawmakers quit Sri Lanka's governing coalition over the president's plan to share tsunami relief with ethnic Tamil rebels.
    (AP, 6/16/05)

2006        Jun 16, The US House rejected a timetable for pulling forces out of Iraq, 256-153.
    (AP, 6/16/07)
2006        Jun 16, In Martinez, Calif., Susan Polk was convicted of stabbing to death her millionaire psychotherapist husband, whom she had met as a 14-year-old girl in treatment.
    (AP, 6/16/07)
2006        Jun 16, In Oakland, Ca., an unofficial final tally showed former US Rep. Ron Dellums winning the mayor’s race by 155 votes with 50.18% of the vote.
    (SFC, 6/17/06, p.B1)
2006        Jun 16, Barbara Epstein (77), co-founder and editor of the NY Review of Books (1963), died in NYC.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.79)
2006        Jun 16, Coalition forces pressed forward with a major offensive in southern Afghanistan, killing an estimated 45 insurgents in attacks on two Taliban militant camps. 2 coalition soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in Asadabad district in eastern Kunar province. 4 highway policemen were killed in southern Kandahar province when a roadside bomb exploded near their vehicle. Three insurgents were killed in southern Helmand province when a bomb they were trying to plant near the road exploded.
    (AP, 6/17/06)(AP, 6/18/06)
2006        Jun 16, Bolivian President Evo Morales' leftist government says it will fight poverty, hunger and homelessness in South America's poorest nation by investing $6.8 billion through 2010, much of it with ambitious public works projects.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 16, Canada said it has detected a case of H5 avian flu in the eastern province of Prince Edward Island and plans further testing over the weekend to determine whether it is the highly pathogenic H5N1 strain. On June 21 officials said it was not the pathogenic H5N1.
    (Reuters, 6/17/06)(Reuters, 6/21/06)
2006        Jun 16, A joint UN and African Union delegation met Chadian President Idriss Deby to discuss the possible deployment of UN troops in Sudan's war-ravaged western Darfur region.
    (AFP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 16, China's central bank demanded that commercial banks raise reserves requirements by half a percentage point to restrain credit and investment growth, which it feared have been getting out of control.
    (AP, 6/16/06)(Econ, 6/24/06, p.82)
2006        Jun 16, In China cleanup crews scrambled to absorb toxic coal tar, from a June 12 spill, before it reaches the Wangkuai Reservoir of Baoding, a city of about 10 million people. Authorities tried to slow the spread of a toxic spill by building 51 makeshift dams along the tainted Dasha River and using fire trucks to pump out polluted water. In eastern China an explosion at a chemical plant in Anhui killed 16 people and injured 30.
    (AP, 6/16/06)(AP, 6/18/06)
2006        Jun 16, East Timor rebel soldiers surrendered the first of their weapons to Australian peacekeepers, beginning a process deemed vital to ending months of bloody unrest.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 16, EU leaders gave Slovenia a green light to join the eurozone next year, launching a new wave of expansion for the currently 12-nation single currency club. EU leaders also gave their backing to the assessment of the EU's executive arm that Lithuania would not be ready to join the eurozone next year because inflation had overshot the limit required to join.
    (AFP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 16, Germany’s parliament approved a big increase in value-added tax, to take effect in 2007. Efforts to lower corporate taxes faced stiff opposition.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.71)
2006        Jun 16, India's cabinet gave its approval for signing and ratifying the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism.
    (AFP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 16, In Indonesia 2 men were found dead in the emergency bunker where they had sought shelter from erupting Mount Merapi.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 16, A shoe bomber blew himself up inside an important Shiite Mosque during prayers, killing at least 10 people and wounding 20. A mortar barrage struck a commercial area near the Taji air base in the northern Baghdad suburb of Saaba al-Bour, killing at least two people and wounding 16. Two US soldiers went missing after an attack that killed one of their comrades at a traffic checkpoint in the so-called "Triangle of Death" just south of Baghdad. Mansour Suleiman Mansour Khalifi al-Mashhadani, or Sheik Mansour, and two foreign fighters were killed as they tried to flee in a vehicle near the town of Youssifiyah. Mansour "reportedly served as a right-hand man of Zarqawi's, and also served as a liaison between al-Qaida in Iraq and the various tribes in the Youssifiyah area. Three 101st Airborne Division soldiers were killed in an attack while two others were abducted. Their mutilated bodies were found 3 days later. In 2008 Ibrahim al-Qaraghuli, Walid al-Kartani and Kazim al-Zubaie were the first to face court proceedings in the deaths of the three Americans. In 2008 al-Qaraghuli, a 29-year-old farmer, was convicted in the deaths of David J. Babineau (25) of Springfield, Mass.; Pfc. Kristian Menchaca (23) of Houston; and Pfc. Thomas Tucker (25) of Madras, Ore. The other two Iraqis on trial, Walid al-Kartani and Kazim al-Zubaie, were acquitted for lack of sufficient evidence.
    (AP, 6/16/06)(AP, 6/17/06)(AP, 6/20/06)(AP, 6/16/07)(AP, 10/16/08)(AP, 10/28/08)
2006        Jun 16, In Indian Kashmir 2 civilians were killed and three policemen wounded when militants hurled grenades and raked a police motorcade with AK assault rifle fire in Srinagar’s northern Baramulla district.
    (AFP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 16, EU leaders agreed to channel aid to cash-starved Palestinians for health care, utilities and social services while still maintaining a funding freeze on the Hamas-led government.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 16, Japan's parliament enacted a bill that would impose sanctions on North Korea if it fails to cooperate in clearing up details of its past abductions of Japanese citizens.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 16, Nepal’s rebel leader Prachanda met with top government officials and said the Maoist rebels will join an interim government to be formed shortly.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 16, In southeast Nigeria at least six people were killed in the city of Onitsha when a feud between a separatist group and a transport union degenerated into street battles.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 16, Hayatullah Khan, a Pakistani journalist who reported on a US airstrike that killed an al-Qaida operative, was found shot to death in a remote tribal region six months after vanishing.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 16, Peru's President-elect Alan Garcia said that one of his first acts when he takes office will be cutting public salaries, including his own, and canceling plans to open an embassy in Turkey.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 16, In Moscow the world’s richest countries vowed to cooperate more closely on fighting terrorism with a particular focus on terrorist recruitment, cyber crime and the flow of dangerous people and cargo across borders. The commitment came at the end of a two-day meeting of G8 law enforcement and justice officials as part of Russia's G-8 presidency.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 16, In Somalia some 10,000 opponents of an international peacekeeping mission demonstrated in Mogadishu, which is controlled by an Islamic militia accused by the US of harboring wanted al-Qaida members.
    (AP, 6/16/06)
2006        Jun 16, Sri Lanka's air force pounded Tamil Tiger rebel positions for a second day in retaliation for a bus bombing that killed 64 people.
    (AP, 6/16/06)

2007        Jun 16, A North Carolina State Bar disciplinary committee said disgraced prosecutor Mike Nifong would be disbarred for his disastrous prosecution of three Duke University lacrosse players falsely accused of rape.
    (SSFC, 6/17/07, p.A4)(AP, 6/16/08)
2007        Jun 16, In Selmer, Tenn., a drag-racing car lost control during a parade and careened into a crowd, killing 6 people and injuring up to 15 others. In 2008 an indictment was unsealed charging Troy Critchley (38) with 6 counts of vehicular homicide and 22 counts of reckless aggravated assault.
    (AP, 6/17/07)(SFC, 3/21/08, p.A4)
2007        Jun 16, US astronaut Sunita "Suni" Williams set a record aboard the international space station for the longest single spaceflight by any woman, surpassing the record of 188 days set by astronaut Shannon Lucid at the Mir space station in 1996.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2007        Jun 16, In Afghanistan suicide bombers targeting foreign forces struck two Afghan cities, killing four civilians, and a US soldier at one of the attacks "accidentally" shot dead a bystander. Hundreds of Taliban fighters launched raids on police posts near the strategic town of Chora in Uruzgan province, forcing NATO, backed by fighter jets, to respond.
    (AFP, 6/16/07)(AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 16, Planes remained grounded at Brussels south Charleroi airport as a strike by security officers entered a second day.
    (AFP, 6/16/07)
2007        Jun 16, China’s state media said that a total of 548 slave laborers have been freed in the past month from brick kilns and other illegal job sites in central China where they were starved, beaten and forced to work 14 hours or more per day.
    (AP, 6/16/07)
2007        Jun 16, Voting began in some overseas French territories in the final round of parliamentary elections expected to give conservative President Nicolas Sarkozy a big majority for his reform plans.
    (AP, 6/16/07)
2007        Jun 16, It was reported that a coin shortage had gripped Calcutta, India. Bank officials investigated claims that coins were being melted down to make razor blades.
    (SFC, 6/16/07, p.A2)
2007        Jun 16, In Iraq bombers loaded into pickup trucks pulled up to the al-Ashrah al-Mubashra mosque in Basra's al-Hakimiya district. Minutes after they left, a huge explosion tore through the building, leveling it. A British soldier died after a road accident in southern Iraq.
    (AP, 6/16/07)
2007        Jun 16, North Korea sent a letter to the UN nuclear watchdog, inviting inspectors to the country to discuss procedures for shutting down its main nuclear reactor. Top US nuclear negotiator Christopher Hill said technical problems in Russia are holding up the transfer of North Korean funds linked to a nuclear disarmament deal.
    (AP, 6/16/07)
2007        Jun 16, The US strengthened its offer of support for President Mahmoud Abbas, telling him an international aid embargo against the Palestinians would end as soon as he forms a new government without Hamas.
    (AP, 6/16/07)
2007        Jun 16, Spanish police, working with US and British authorities, seized four tons of cocaine aboard a ship off the northwest coast.
    (AP, 6/18/07)
2007        Jun 16, Thailand's military-installed government offered to negotiate with ousted PM Thaksin Shinawatra over his recently frozen assets, as thousands of people protested in support of the former leader.
    (AP, 6/16/07)
2007        Jun 16, Official media said Vietnam has confirmed its first human death from bird flu since 2005, as the latest flare-up of the virus ravaged poultry stocks. Tests confirmed that a 20-year-old from northern Ha Tay province died from the H5N1 virus on June 10.
    (AP, 6/17/07)
2007        Jun 16, Representatives of both sides said Yemen's government and Shiite rebels have reached a cease-fire in a three-year fight that has claimed 4,000 lives this year.
    (AP, 6/16/07)

2008        Jun 16, US President George W. Bush won Europe's backing for tighter sanctions on Iran over its nuclear program and secured a British pledge to send more troops to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, In California county clerks began issuing marriage rights to gay men and lesbians, becoming the 2nd US state to grant such rights.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 16, Maryland’s Gov. Martin O’Malley unveiled the BIO 2020 Initiative, America’s largest per-capita investment in biotech.
    (www.choosemaryland.org/pressroom/pressreleases/BIO2020.html)
2008        Jun 16, It was reported that Texas businessman Bassam Nabulsi had a federal lawsuit against Sheik Issa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, a son of the late UAE president and brother of Abu Dhabi's crown prince. Nabulsi said he safeguarded the sheik's most important documents: financial records, investment documents, and videotapes showing the sheik torturing people with a cattle prod and a spiked plank.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, In Utah the Bureau of Land Management announced a dinosaur find, calling the quarry near Hanksville "a major dinosaur fossil discovery." An excavation revealed at least four plant-eating dinosaurs and two carnivorous ones dating back to about 150 million BC.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, In southern Afghanistan some 500 Taliban fighters took over several villages just outside Arghandab, and NATO and Afghan forces were redeploying to meet the threat.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Bosnia signed a stabilization agreement with the EU, the first step towards membership.
    (Econ, 6/21/08, p.64)
2008        Jun 16, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon unveiled an arresting shaft-of-light memorial in London to journalists killed in the line of work.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Britain’s Oxford Univ. announced that alumnus Michael Moritz, a SF Bay Area venture capitalist, has donated $50 million.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.D1)
2008        Jun 16, The Canadian government added the World Tamil Movement to its list of terrorist groups, describing it as a front organization that raised funds for the rebel Tamil Tigers fighting against the government in Sri Lanka.
    (Reuters, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, The Canadian Auto Workers union ended its blockade of General Motors of Canada's headquarters in Oshawa, Ontario, allowing about 900 employees to return to work after nearly 13 days of protest, but it vowed to fight on.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, A group of militants opened fire on a convoy of security officers in Chechnya, killing three and injuring five.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, A conservation group said the northern white rhino of central Africa was on the verge of being wiped out. 4 surviving specimens in Congo’s Garamba National Park had not been seen since 2006.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 16, Smugglers fleeing from Cuba's Coast Guard overturned a boat loaded with US-bound migrants to distract pursuers, killing a woman and an 11-year-old boy. The smugglers, who were charging US$10,000 a head to take 20 people to the United States, escaped in their speedboat after being surprised by the Coast Guard.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 16, It was reported that France will slash 54,000 defense jobs and boost funding for space- and land-based military intelligence, according to a new strategy aimed at adapting the country's forces to evolving threats.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Police in Guinea went on strike, firing gunshots repeatedly into the air and blocking the country's main port. The work stoppage was launched in response to low wages and unpaid bonuses going back years.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Guyanese authorities banned imports of pit bulls into the South American nation following a spate of maulings by the breed.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, An Iranian weekly said Iran has withdrawn around $75 billion from Europe to prevent the assets from being blocked under threatened new sanctions over Tehran's disputed nuclear ambitions.
    (Reuters, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, Iran’s pro-reform daily Kargozaran reported that police were questioning women and men where they bought their clothes or had their hair done, then targeting the shops. A Police spokesman said 32 clothing shops and hairdressers in Tehran were shut down so far.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, Israeli troops in southern Gaza killed three Palestinian gunmen as they planted explosives along the Gaza-Israel border. Separately an Israeli airstrike injured three Hamas militants, one of them critically.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, The FCX Clarity, Honda's new zero-emission, hydrogen fuel cell car, rolled off a Japanese production line and headed to Southern California, where Hollywood is already abuzz over the latest splash in green motoring.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, In Pakistan a bomb exploded at a Shiite mosque in the northwestern town of Dera Ismail Khan, killing four worshippers.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, In Sri Lanka battles across the volatile north killed 14 ethnic Tamil rebels and one government soldier.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, The Turkish military opened fire on 21 Kurdish PKK fighters trying to enter Turkey from northern Iraq. Most of them were "neutralized."
    (Reuters, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 16, Officials said 2 days of peace talks in Turkey involving Israel and Syria had concluded and more talks were planned.
    (AP, 6/16/08)
2008        Jun 16, A Vietnamese soldier shot and killed four people and seriously injured five others before shooting himself dead. Nguyen Manh Hung (23) reportedly became enraged after being accused of stealing a mobile phone.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun16, In Zimbabwe Emmanuel Chiroto's house in the suburb of Hatcliffe was attacked and destroyed by ZANU-PF supporters. Chiroto had been elected Mayor of Harare. He was not present but his wife was later found beaten to death.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.50)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emmanuel_Chiroto)

2009        Jun 16, The US added six African countries to a blacklist of countries trafficking in people, and put US trading partner Malaysia back on the list. Chad, Eritrea, Niger, Mauritania, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe were added to the list in the annual report. Removed from the list were Qatar, Oman, Algeria, and Moldova.
    (AFP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 16, US FDA said consumers should stop using Zicam Cold Remedy nasal gel and related products because they can permanently damage the sense of smell.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 16, Rhode Island became the 3rd state in the US to allow marijuana sales to chronically ill patients as the General Assembly voted to override a veto by Gov. Don Carcieri.
    (SFC, 6/17/09, p.A7)
2009        Jun 16, GM and Sweden's Koenigsegg said they have struck a deal for Koenigsegg, a niche manufacturer of some of the world's fastest and most expensive sports cars, to buy loss-making Saab Automobile from General Motors.
    (Reuters, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 16, The British government declared a goal for Britain become the world's "digital capital" by building cutting-edge broadband, telecoms and media infrastructure to cement its role as a "global economic powerhouse."
    (AFP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 16, The $13.5 billion takeover of Barclays Global Investors by BlackRock was finalized. This created the world’s largest asset manager. By 2013 Aladdin, the risk management platform on its computers, kept its eye on almost 7$ of the world’s $225 trillion of financial assets.
    (Econ, 6/20/09, p.73)(Econ, 9/3/11, p.74)(Econ, 12/7/13, p.25)
2009        Jun 16, A new hydrogen car designed for use in cities and backed by Sebastian Piech, a relative of the founder of German luxury sportscar maker Porsche, was unveiled in London. The two-seater Riversimple Urban Car can travel 240 miles without refueling, weighs just 350 kilograms (770 pounds) and has a top speed of 50 miles per hour.
    (AFP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 16, In the Dominican Rep. Mauricio Encarnacion Castillo and Ramon Antonio del Rosario set cocaine evidence on fire after exchanging gunfire with police conducting a raid. The house in San Pedro de Macoris then caught fire and the men died of smoke inhalation.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 16, Guatemalan authorities confiscated nearly 10 million pseudoephedrine pills worth $33 million, the country's biggest seizure of the methamphetamine precursor.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 16, Indian PM Manmohan Singh met with Pakistan's president for the first time since last year's deadly terrorist attacks on Mumbai, and told him Pakistan must prevent its territory from being used to launch such attacks. The leaders of South Asia's nuclear-armed neighbors met on the sidelines of summits in the Ural Mountains city of Yekaterinburg.
    (AP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 16, In Indonesia 16 miners were rescued after a massive explosion of methane gas collapsed a coal mine owned by local residents in West Sumatra province. 5 of the rescued miners died in hospital and the death toll rose to 31 the next day after rescuers unearthed more bodies. One more miner was believed to be buried.
    (AFP, 6/16/09)(AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 16, A spokesman said Iran's Islamic leadership is prepared to conduct a limited recount of disputed presidential elections, as thousands of people took to the streets to show support for the regime. Authorities clamped down on independent media in an attempt to control images of election protests, but pictures and videos leaked out anyway, showing how difficult it is to shut off the flow of information in the Internet age.
    (AP, 6/16/09)(AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 16, In Iraq a commuter bus traveling from Baghdad to a southern city caught fire near Kut, killing 14 passengers on board. An American soldier was killed by a roadside bomb southeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 16, Italian police said they had arrested 13 people suspected of helping a top Mafia fugitive hide, communicate with other mobsters and conduct his business. Investigators said they are closing in on Matteo Messina Denaro, a fugitive who is among a handful of mobsters vying to take over the Sicilian Mafia. Most of the arrests were carried out in Trapani, a city in Western Sicily that is the power base of Messina Denaro.
    (AP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 16, In Malaysia Teoh BEng Hock, a young aide to a state councilor, fell from a window where Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) officials had been questioning him. The MACC had been created earlier this year from the ashes of another agency.
    (Econ, 9/5/09, p.48)
2009        Jun 16, In northern Mexico police found the bodies of seven young men who were beaten or shot to death in the state of Durango. In western Michoacan state, three suspected kidnappers were killed in a shootout with local police in the city of Uruapan. The Navy reported that it had detected a shipment of cocaine hidden inside the carcasses of frozen sharks aboard a freight ship at the Gulf coast port of Progreso.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 16, Nigerian President Umaru Yar’Adua made a fresh amnesty offer in Abuja to militants in the oil-rich Niger Delta and promised that an amnesty centre would be set up.
    (AFP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 16, In Northern Ireland racist thugs armed with bricks and bottles forced more than 100 Romanian Gypsies from their Belfast homes in a wave of attacks that sent them fleeing to the safety of a nearby church.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 16, North Korea said that two female US journalists whom it jailed last week for 12 years had admitted a politically motivated smear campaign against the communist state. Ri Hyon Ok (33) was executed in Ryongchon for distributing the Bible. She was also accused of spying for South Korea and the US and organizing dissidents according to later reports by South Korean activists.
    (AFP, 6/16/09)(AP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jun 16, The Norwegian firm Opera Software unveiled new technology that allows it Opera 10 Web browser to also function as a file server. A feature called Opera Unite enables users to push content and establish communications without the need for a 3rd party.
    (SFC, 6/17/09, p.C1)   
2009        Jun 16, Pakistan's military said it is in the early stages of an operation targeting the country's Taliban leader Baitullah Mehsud in a key stronghold of al-Qaida and other militants.
    (AP, 6/16/09)
2009        Jun 16, A Palestinian military tribunal in a security compound in the West Bank town of Jenin sentenced Taghreed, her last name was not released, to a life term of hard labor. The woman (22) said she became an informer for Israel to earn money that would get her out of prostitution.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 16, In Russia leaders from the world's top emerging economic powers met for their first summit to plot a strategy to increase their clout amid the global crisis. Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC) failed to reach consensus on a new reserve currency. They did issue a statement calling for a more diversified int’l. monetary system.
    (AFP, 6/16/09)(SFC, 6/17/09, p.A4)
2009        Jun 16, Russia welcomed Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on his first trip abroad since his bitterly disputed re-election, a show of support for a leader facing major protests at home and questions from the West about the legitimacy of the vote count.
    (AP, 6/16/09)

2010        Jun 16, BP under pressure from Pres. Obama agreed to set aside $20 billion in a spill recovery escrow program to compensate Gulf Coast fishermen and others who have lost work and wages from the 8-week old massive oil spill.
    (SFC, 6/17/10, p.A8)
2010        Jun 16, In northern Afghanistan a roadside bombing killed two US service members. US and Afghan forces conducted an operation in Baghi Shirkat in which 12 militants were killed, including two local Taliban commanders. 3 Afghans working for a private security company were killed when their vehicle struck a roadside bomb in Muqar district of Ghazni province.
    (AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 16, Prosecutors in Aruba said they want to take Joran van der Sloot up on his offer to discuss the unsolved disappearance of American teenager Natalee Holloway.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 16, Brunei's Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah (63) announced he is divorcing his Malaysian wife after five years of marriage. He had married Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim (30), a former Malaysian TV news journalist, in 2005.
    (AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 16, In China at least 90 people died and 50 were missing after torrential downpours in southern China triggered heavy floods. The provinces of Fujian and Sichuan, in the southeast and southwest respectively, as well as the southern region of Guangxi were the hardest hit.
    (AFP, 6/16/10)(AFP, 6/18/10)(AP, 6/19/10)
2010        Jun 16, In Colombia a gas explosion at the San Fernando coal mine in Antioquia province, left at least 34 people dead, with dozens of miners still trapped.
    (AP, 6/17/10)(AP, 6/21/10)
2010        Jun 16, The French government unveiled plans to raise the retirement age to 62 in a sweeping overhaul of the pensions system that labor unions have vowed to fight to the end.
    (AFP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 16, In Haiti Marc Louis Bazin (b.1932), former prime minister of Haiti (1992-1993), died. He lost Haiti's first free presidential election in 1990.
    (AP, 6/16/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marc_Bazin)
2010        Jun 16, Indonesia was hit by a series of powerful earthquakes. At least 17 people were killed and more than 4,600 others left homeless.
    (AP, 6/16/10)(AP, 6/21/10)
2010        Jun 16, Iran's nuclear chief said his country is designing a new atomic research reactor in another snub of international efforts to curb the Islamic Republic's nuclear ambitions.
    (AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 16, In Iraq 2 separate blasts in eastern Baghdad killed one person and wounded eight people.
    (AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 16, Human Rights Watch called on Kurdish authorities in northern Iraq to ban the practice of female genital mutilation, and said in a new report that the majority of women in the self-ruled region undergo the medically risky and emotionally painful procedure.
    (AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 16, Israeli officials they will significantly ease its bruising land blockade of the Gaza Strip, in an effort to blunt the widespread international criticism that has followed a deadly Israeli commando raid on a blockade-busting flotilla. Israeli troops shot and killed a drug smuggler on the Egyptian border. Egypt said he was among a group of seven armed men trying to bring drugs into Israel.
    (AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 16, In Kazakhstan 2 US and a Russian crewmate blasted off for the int’l. space station in a Soyuz TMA-19 spacecraft. A woman in the US crew doubled the ISS female crew to an all time high.
    (SFC, 6/16/10, p.A2)(SFC, 6/18/10, p.A10)
2010        Jun 16, In Mexico Alain Escutia (20) and Emilio Palacios (22) were arrested in the Michoacan state capital of Morelia for their role in the June 14 attack that left 12 police officers dead in Michoacan.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 16, Ruben Dario Granda, the brother of a top Colombian guerrilla leader, arrived in Managua, where president Daniel Ortega had granted him political asylum earlier this month. Granda is the brother of Rodrigo Granda, known as the "foreign minister" of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 16, In Puerto Rico negotiators reached an agreement to end a strike that has paralyzed the University of Puerto Rico for nearly two months. On June 21 students ratified the agreement.
    (AP, 6/17/10)(AP, 6/21/10)
2010        Jun 16, In Russia’s North Caucasus region 4 policemen were killed and 3 wounded in the Kostek village in the province of Dagestan during a siege that left five militants dead. In a separate incident, four gunmen were killed after they refused police orders to pull over and opened fire on the officers. Two police died in further attacks, one in Dagestan and another in the nearby Kabardino-Balkaria province.
    (AP, 6/16/10)
2010        Jun 16, Spain embarked on shaking up its economy with labor market reforms designed to encourage companies to hire, enacting long-awaited structural changes as it struggles to reassure markets and investors who are worried over its public finances and pushing Spanish borrowing costs to new highs.
    (AP, 6/16/10)

2011         Jun 16, Embroiled in a “sexting" scandal, and under pressure from his colleagues, including Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi and President Obama, New York Congressman Anthony Weiner is said to be ready to announce he will resign from congress.     
            (Washington Post, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In SF Deshon Marman (20), a college football player, was arrested and thrown off a US Airways jet in a dispute over his sagging pants. Marmon was in the city attending the funeral of his best friend, David Henderson, who was fatally wounded last month.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.C4)
2011        Jun 16, Moshe Gerstein (35), a NYC attorney, died in Mexico city. Two days earlier he was charged along with at least two dozen others in a child-pornography sweep. Manhattan prosecutors had accused Gerstein of being a part of a child-pornography ring that shared images of children being raped and sexually abused. Gerstein was first arrested on May 10 and was freed on $5,000 bail.
    (Reuters, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 16, The Int’l. Labor Organization (ILO) adopted a new treaty, the Convention Concerning Decent Work for Domestic Workers. It remained for individual government to ratify.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.73)
2011        Jun 16, Capital One Financial agreed to pay $9 billion in cash and stock for ING Direct USA, the US subsidiary of ING Group, a Dutch banking and insurance giant.
    (SFC, 12/29/11, p.D6)(http://tinyurl.com/3v6mthz)
2011        Jun 16, Austrian police said they have arrested four men suspected of involvement in a terrorist organization that is committed to founding a "religious fundamentalist society" in Afghanistan and responsible for attacks there.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In Chile some 80,000 students, teachers and sympathizers demanded more money for state education.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.48)
2011        Jun 16, In Brazil police said Jose Rainha (50), a longtime leader of the MST, a landless rural workers movement, was arrested in rural Sao Paulo state after a 10-month investigation.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, The British government set out legislation to return the task of overseeing banks to the Bank of England.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.69)
2011        Jun 16, An Islamist website said veteran militant Ayman al-Zawahri has taken command of al Qaeda after the killing of Osama bin Laden, a move widely expected following his long years as second-in-command.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In France a 7th child was hospitalized with an E. coli infection after eating meat that manufacturers said could come from Germany, where an outbreak of the bacteria has killed 37 people.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, Indian budget airline GoAir said it had placed a $7.2-billion order for 72 new Airbus aircraft as local carriers continue an aircraft shopping spree to meet booming demand on the subcontinent.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, Indonesian Muslim cleric Abu Bakar Bashir (72), known as spiritual leader of the militants who carried out the deadly 2002 Bali bombings, was sentenced to 15 years in prison for his support of a terror training camp uncovered last year. On Oct 20 an appeals court reduced the sentence to 9 years.
    (AP, 6/16/11)(AP, 10/26/11)
2011        Jun 16, An Iraqi court sentenced 15 alleged al-Qaida members to death for their role in the 2006 wedding party massacre of 70 people, considered one of the most horrific attacks carried out by Sunni-led militants during the insurgency.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In Libya NATO airstrikes pounded the area near Moammar Gadhafi's compound. Kadhafi's regime told visiting Russian envoy Mikhail Margelov that the embattled Libyan leader is "not ready" to go, despite growing calls for him to quit and a months-long uprising. Muammar Gaddafi’s son said his father is willing to hold elections and step aside if he lost, an offer unlikely to placate his opponents but which could test the unity of the Western alliance trying to force him out. A NATO air strike took place near Ajdabiyah, eastern Libya, and six rebel pickup trucks fitted with anti-aircraft guns were destroyed and 16 rebel fighters injured.
    (AP, 6/16/11)(AFP, 6/16/11)(Reuters, 6/16/11)(Reuters, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 16, Malaysia opened an investigation into allegations that two immigration officers forced a pair of Singaporean women to do squats naked. The officers were suspended.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 16, In Mexico PEMEX director said increasingly sophisticated thieves have stolen about 20,000 barrels per day of oil products from the state-owned oil company in the first four months of 2011, thefts worth about $250 million.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In northern Myanmar more than 10,000 people were reported to have fled fighting between government troops and the Kachin ethnic minority group's militia. They were living in temporary camps near the Chinese border as refugees.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In Nigeria a suicide bombing blamed on radical Islamist militants killed a policeman in the parking lot of police headquarters in Abuja. The next day the Boko Haram sect said it was behind the attack. Security experts said it was the first suicide bombing in Nigeria.
    (AP, 6/16/11)(AFP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 16, North Korea demanded the immediate return of nine citizens who defected by sea and warned Seoul ties between the nations could worsen otherwise.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, More than 200 militants crossed into Pakistan from Afghanistan and attacked a border village with rockets, mortars and machine guns, killing five people and kidnapping more than 20. A bomb attack in southern Afghanistan killed a NATO coalition service member.
    (AP, 6/16/11)(AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 16, Palestinian foreign minister Riyad al-Malki urged Spain and the rest of the EU to recognize a Palestinian state with borders from before the 1967 Six Day War.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, In the Philippines a Protestant church group sued former Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, claiming security forces under her control killed and tortured at least six of its members.
    (AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, Spain’s National Police arrested Hussein Salem, an Egyptian associate of ousted president Hosni Mubarak, in Mallorca. Police the next day said he had obtained money illegally in Egypt and sent it to accounts in Spain held by his family. Spain froze euro33 million ($47 million) in accounts held by Salem, who is also wanted back home.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 16, The Sudanese army said it will continue to fight by all available means to stop the rebellion in South Kordofan, as concern grew over the humanitarian impact of the conflict. Aid workers and a UN report said fighting has erupted along a new front near the internal border between north and south Sudan with dozens of people reported killed.
    (AFP, 6/16/11)(AP, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 16, Swedish arms-maker Saab said that it had unwittingly paid over $3 million to a South African ANC defense consultant. Saab said payments had been made in 2003 through the British arms producer, BAE Systems.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.43)(www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-13813281)

2012        Jun 16, US border agents in Washington state arrested Travis Brandon Baumgartner (21), a Canadian fugitive, suspected of shooting to death 3 fellow security guards and wounding a fourth in a bloody armored-car heist at the University of Alberta in Edmonton a day earlier.
    (Reuters, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, In northern Colorado additional crews arrived to fight a wildfire that has scorched 85 sq. miles and destroyed at least 181 homes, the most in state history.
    (SSFC, 6/17/12, p.A10)
2012        Jun 16, In New Mexico the Whitewater-Baldy wildfire scorched 450 sq. miles in the Gila National Forest.
    (SSFC, 6/17/12, p.A10)
2012        Jun 16, China launched its most ambitious space mission yet carrying its first female astronaut and two male colleagues on a Shenzhou 9 capsule in an attempt to dock with an orbiting module and work on board for more than a week.
    (AP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, Egyptians entered their latest round of elections in a race between Ahmed Shafiq, a career air force officer, and the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohammed Morsi. The two-day balloting will produce Egypt's first president since the ouster of Mubarak. The military told parliament it has been dissolved and banned its members from entering the house after a court annulled the last legislative poll.
    (AP, 6/16/12)(AFP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, In western India at least 32 pilgrims were killed and more than 20 injured when their bus plunged off a bridge in Maharashtra state.
    (AFP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, In Iraq car bombs targeting religious processions in Baghdad killed 32 people on the last day of the Shiite al-Kadhim pilgrimage already hit three times in some of the deadliest violence since American troops withdrew.
    (AP, 6/16/12)(AFP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 16, In Italy tens of thousands of workers demonstrated in Rome to protest pension cuts, tax hikes and labor reforms imposed by the government.
    (SSFC, 6/17/12, p.A4)
2012        Jun 16, Japan started work to put nuclear reactors back online, despite public distrust of the technology after last year's meltdowns at Fukushima.
    (AFP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, Libyan authorities declared warring mountain towns in the west of the country a "military zone" and called for an immediate ceasefire.
    (AFP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, Hurricane Carlota made landfall near the Mexican beach town of Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca state. Two sisters, aged 13 and 7, died in the Oaxaca state community of Pluma Hidalgo when a mudslide collapsed their home. A day later Carlotta was downgraded to a tropical depression.
    (AP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 16, State mouthpiece the New Light of Myanmar said 50 people have been left dead with 54 injured between May 28 and June 14 in Rakhine state, convulsed by violence between local Buddhists and Muslim Rohingya.
    (AFP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, Myanmar’s Suu Kyi presented her Nobel Prize acceptance speech in Oslo 31 years after winning the world's highest diplomatic honor in 1991.
    (AP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, In Pakistan a car bomb exploded at a crowded bazaar in the northwestern Khyber region near the border with Afghanistan, killing 33 people and wounding over 50 others. Violence erupted in the southwestern town of Kucklak after a man allegedly tried to burn the copy of the Quran (Koran). Angered over the incident, residents rallied and torched a police station and five vehicles.
    (AP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, Pakistani militants in North Waziristan banned anti-polio vaccination teams, to protest US drone strikes saying the attacks were killing civilians.
    (AFP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 16, Saudi Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz (79), a half brother of King Abdullah, died, leaving the oil powerhouse with no apparent successor to the throne.
    (AFP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, In Somalia a suicide bomber attacked a military base housing African Union soldiers and Somali troops about 30 km (20 miles) from the capital Mogadishu.
    (AFP, 6/16/12)
2012        Jun 16, UN observers suspended their mission to Syria, blaming intensifying violence as government forces shelled rebel strongholds including Douma near the capital and the central city of Homs. A watchdog 69 people were killed across the country, including 51 civilians, 16 troops and two rebels.
    (AFP, 6/16/12)(AFP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 16, Yemeni military officials said government troops have killed 17 al-Qaida militants in the latest fighting in the south.
    (AP, 6/16/12)

2013        Jun 16, Orchard Supply Hardware, based in San Jose, Ca., declared bankruptcy. The North Carolina-based Lowe’s hardware chain said it has offered $205 million in cash for OSG and the assumption of a large part of the company’s debt.
    (SFC, 6/18/13, p.A1)
2013        Jun 16, In Las Vegas Erin Brady (25) of South Glastonbury, Conn., won the Miss America beauty pageant.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 16, In Afghanistan the US-led military coalition said that one of its service members died in a non-battle-related incident in the south.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 16, In Bangladesh several hundred garment workers were sickened at their factory outside Dhaka apparently after drinking contaminated water. Earlier this month contaminated water sickened 450 workers at another factory in the same area.
    (SFC, 6/17/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 16, Czech PM Petr Necas said he will resign over a spy and bribery scandal involving his government. He said he will also quit as chairman of his conservative Civic Democratic Party. Necas resigned the next day.
    (SFC, 6/17/13, p.A2)(Econ, 6/22/13, p.58)
2013        Jun 16, In Egypt a hard-line Muslim cleric received an 11-year suspended sentence for tearing up and burning a Bible. His son was given a suspended sentence of eight years over the same incident.
    (AP, 6/16/13)
2013        Jun 16, In India torrential monsoon rains and landslides led to flooding in Uttrakhand that washed away roads and nearly two dozen bridges and demolished 365 houses and partially damaged 275 others.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 16, Smoke from fires in Indonesia, an annual result of land clearing for palm oil production, again began to smother Singapore and large parts of Malaysia.
    (Econ, 6/29/13, p.39)
2013        Jun 16, In Iraq a string of nearly a dozen apparently coordinated bombs and a shooting in cities across the country killed at least 51 and wounded dozens. Most of the car bombs hit Shiite-majority areas.
    (AP, 6/16/13)(AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 16, Kuwait's constitutional court forced new parliamentary elections, dissolving the current chamber on the basis of flaws in the election law. Kuwait's emir is expected to set a new election day.
    (AP, 6/16/13)
2013        Jun 16, Four Lebanese Shiite Muslim men were found killed in an ambush in northeastern Lebanon.
    (AP, 6/16/13)
2013        Jun 16, Libya's official news agency said unidentified militants assassinated Mohammed Naguib, a senior judge in Derna, an eastern city known to be a stronghold of Islamic militants.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 16, North Korea's top governing body proposed high-level nuclear and security talks with the United States in an appeal sent just days after calling off talks with rival South Korea.
    (AP, 6/16/13)
2013        Jun 16, In northwest Pakistan gunmen killed two anti-polio workers in Kandar village.
    (AP, 6/16/13)
2013        Jun 16, In Syria a late night car bomb targeting a checkpoint near a military airport in an upscale neighborhood of Damascus killed 10 soldiers.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 16, In Turkey thousands of defiant protesters attempting to converge on central Istanbul's Taksim Square were kept away by police firing repeated rounds of tear gas, as the government maintained a hard line against rekindled demonstrations. Protesters vowed the group would retake Gezi Park.
    (AP, 6/16/13)

2014        Jun 16, Pres. Obama notified congress that up to 275 soldiers could be sent to Iraq to protect the US Embassy and other American interests.
    (AP, 6/17/14)(SFC, 6/17/14, p.A1)
2014        Jun 16, Secretary of State John Kerry said the Obama administration is willing to talk with Iran over deteriorating security conditions in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, The US Supreme Court has ruled that holders of defaulted Argentine bonds can force the South American country to reveal where its assets are held around the world. Pres. Cristina Fernandez refused to go along with a US judge's ruling requiring a $1.5 billion repayment of defaulted bonds
    (AP, 6/16/14)(AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 16, Pilger, Nebraska, home to about 350 people, took a direct hit from one of an estimated four tornadoes that the US National Weather Service tracked across the northeast part of the state. The tornadoes left at least two people dead. More than half of the town was destroyed.
    (AP, 6/17/14)(SFC, 6/17/14, p.A12)
2014        Jun 16, General Motors said it is recalling 3.36 million cars because they might suddenly switch off if their keys are carrying extra weight and the vehicles experience a jarring event.
    (SFC, 6/17/14, p.D6)
2014        Jun 16, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb planted by the Afghan Taliban killed 5 civilians from the same family in Kandahar province.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, In southern Albania hundreds of police, backed by armored vehicles, stormed Lazarat village after suspected marijuana growers allegedly fired rocket-propelled grenades, mortars and machine guns at officers during a drug raid.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Bhutan promised it will not allow its territory to be used against India, an early success for Indian PM Narendra Modi's region-wide drive to shore up diplomatic relations with neighbors in return for stronger economic ties.
    (Reuters, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, In Brazil a suspected Mexican drug trafficker wanted in the United States was arrested in Rio de Janeiro as he tried to board a plane to watch Mexico play in the World Cup soccer competition.
    (Reuters, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 16, Britain said it would ban the Sunni Islamist insurgent group the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), whose stunning offensive in northern Iraq in the past week has spurred fears of all-out sectarian warfare in the Middle East.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Britain's food safety watchdog said you should not wash a chicken before cooking it, because washing raw chicken spreads the campylobacter bacteria.
    (AFP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang arrived in Britain on a 3-day visit that included a planned meeting with Queen Elizabeth II and talks aimed at boosting fragile diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, China executed 13 people for terrorism and violent crimes in the restive Xinjiang region.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, In Egypt clashes between security forces and Islamist supporters of deposed President Mohammed Morsi left one policeman dead in southern Cairo.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, In northern India two crowded buses went out of control and fell off roads in separate accidents in the Himalayan foothills, killing a total of 21 people.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 16, In Iraq Sunni militants captured Tal Afar, a strategic city along the highway to Syria. Interior Ministry spokesman, Brig. Gen. Saad Maan Ibrahim, told a press conference that Iraqi security forces killed 56 "terrorists" and wounded 21 in operations just outside the capital over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Israeli armed forces swept through half a dozen Palestinian towns and arrested more Hamas officials, expanding a search for three teenagers into a crackdown on the Islamist group accused of abducting them.
    (Reuters, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, In Kenya an attack in Majembeni village left 10 people died. Majembeni is next to Mpeketoni where four dozen people were slaughtered a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 16, In Mali a jail break in Bamako left at least two people dead as 22 prisoners escaped.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 16, Netherlands-based Greenpeace said it has suffered a 3.8 million-euro ($5.2 million) loss on an ill-timed bet in the currency market by a well-intentioned — if reckless — employee in its finance department.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Pakistani fighter jets pounded North Waziristan and said 37 terrorists were killed. At least six Pakistani soldiers were killed when a roadside bomb hit an army convoy just north of Miranshah. Police said Omar Jillani, an intelligence official and nephew of Pakistan's powerful chief justice, was kidnapped in the eastern city of Multan by suspected Taliban gunmen.
    (Reuters, 6/16/14)(AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Russia cut gas supplies to Ukraine as a payment deadline passed and negotiators failed to reach a deal on gas prices and unpaid bills amid continued fighting in eastern Ukraine. Gazprom announced that it is suing Ukraine's state energy company Naftogaz in an international court for the $4.5 billion. Naftogaz said it has also filed a suit against Gazprom, seeking a "fair and market-based price" for gas, as well as a repayment of $6 billion for what it said were overpayments for gas from 2010.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, In Spain a Madrid court sentenced ETA member Juan Ramon Carasatorre Aldaz (52) to 29 years for the killing of infantry brigadier Mariano de Juan Santamaria, who was shot in the head on April 10, 1995, in the northern city of San Sebastian.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Spanish police detained eight people in Madrid on suspicion of recruiting jihadi militants for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, or ISIL.
    (AP, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, Syrian military helicopters dropped barrel bombs on a rebel-held neighborhood in Aleppo, cleaving the fronts of apartment buildings and killing at least 24 people. In the east a car bomb in the town of al-Shamatiyeh, likely planted by ISIL, killed 7 people including a judge from the al Qaeda-linked Nusra Front and a commander of Ahrar al-Sham, another hardline Islamist group.
    (AP, 6/16/14)(Reuters, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 16, In Tajikistan Alexander Sodikov, a Tajik political science student in Canada employed by Britain’s Univ. of Exeter, was detained by secret police while conducting research in Gorno-Badakhshan.
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.36)
2014        Jun 16, Ukraine’s President Petro Poroshenko called for a truce in east Ukraine, where his government faces a rebellion by pro-Russian separatists, to provide time to seek agreement on a peace plan.
    (Reuters, 6/16/14)
2014        Jun 16, In Venezuela at least 20 people were killed and 10 were wounded when a bus driving toward Caracas crashed after the driver lost control.
    (Reuters, 6/16/14)

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