Today in History - June 17

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362        Jun 17, Emperor Julian issued an edict banning Christians from teaching in Syria.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1239         Jun 17, Edward I (Longshanks), king of England (1272-1307), was born. He became king of England following the death of his father Henry III. Edward I has been called "the English Justinian" because of his legal reforms, but is usually known as one of the foremost military men of the medieval world. His rule strengthened the authority of the crown and England’s influence over her neighbors. While successfully subduing Wales he died while attempting to conquer Scotland.
    (HN, 6/17/00)(HNQ, 2/1/01)

1397        Jun 17, The Union of Kalmar united Denmark, Sweden, and Norway under one monarch. The alliance grew out of the dynastic ties of the Scandinavian countries of Denmark, Norway and Sweden in response to rising German influence in the Baltic. The Kalmar Union is a historiographical term meaning a series of personal unions (1397–1523) that united the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway (with Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands and, prior to their annexation by Scotland in 1471, Shetland and Orkney), and Sweden (including Finland) under a single monarch.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalmar_Union)

1579        Jun 17, Sir Francis Drake sailed into a bay in Northern California and proclaimed English sovereignty over New Albion (California). Some claim that Sir Francis Drake sailed into the SF Bay. Sir Francis Drake claimed the area for England. The location may have been Drake’s Bay or Bolinas Lagoon. In 1999 there were 17 proposed locations for his landing with the latest set in Oregon and described by Bob Ward in the book "Lost Harbor Found." A brass plate, allegedly left by Drake, was found in 1993, but determined to be a fake in 1977. In 2012 Drake’s Cove in Point Reyes was designated as the site where Drake landed and named a national historic site.
    (SFEC, 2/9/97, p.W4)(HN, 6/17/98)(SFEC, 8/22/98, p.T6) (SFC, 10/29/99, p.A3)(SFC, 2/15/03, p.A1)(SFC, 10/20/12, p.A1)
1579        Jun 17, There was an anti-English uprising in Ireland.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1631        Jun 17, Mumtax Mahal, wife of Shah Jahan of India, her tomb (Taj Mahal), died. Arjumand Shah Begum (aka Mumtaz Mahal -Jewel of the Palace), was the 2nd wife of Shah Jahan. She had bore him 14 children and died in childbirth. He build the Taj Mahal (1654) in her memory. The project took 22 years and cost $18 million.
    (HT, 4/97, p.22)(SFEC, 5/21/00, p.T8)

1678        Jun 17, Giacomo Torelli (69), composer, died.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1696        Jun 17, Jan Sobieski (72), King of Lithuania and Poland (1674-96), died.
    (MC, 6/17/02)(LHC, 5/21/03)

1703        Jun 17, John Wesley, English evangelist and theologian, was born. He founded the Methodist movement.
    (HN, 6/17/99)

1719        Jun 17, Joseph Addison (47), English poet, writer, secretary of state, died.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1742        Jun 17, William Hooper, signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1745        Jun 17, American New Englanders captured Louisburg, Cape Breton, from the French. The ragtag army captured France's most imposing North American stronghold on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia.
    (HN, 5/17/98)(WSJ, 10/5/99, p.A24)(MC, 6/17/02)

1775        Jun 17, The Battle of Bunker Hill was actually fought on Breed’s Hill near Boston. It lasted less than 2 hours and was the deadliest of the Revolutionary War. The British captured the hill on their third attempt but suffered over 1,000 casualties vs. about 400-600 for the Americans. Patriotic hero Dr. Joseph Warren died in the battle. Patriot General William Prescott allegedly told his men, "Don't one of you fire until you see the whites of their eyes!" British casualties were estimated at 226 dead and 828 wounded, while American casualties were estimated at 140 dead and 301 wounded.
    (SFC, 4/2/97, Z1 p.6)(AP, 6/17/98)(HNQ, 4/1/99)(AH, 10/07, p.72)

1789        Jun 17, The Third Estate in France declared itself a national assembly, and undertook to frame a constitution.
    (AP, 6/17/97)

1797        Jun 17, Aga Mohammed Khan, cruel ruler of Persia, was castrated and killed.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1799        Jun 17, Napoleon Bonaparte incorporated Italy into his empire.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1815        Jun 17, A heavy rainstorm prevented French forces from catching up with Wellington’s army as they retreated to Waterloo.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.15)(ON, 4/06, p.3)

1818        Jun 17, Charles Francois Gounod, opera composer of “Faust" and “Romeo et Juliette," was born in Paris, France.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1837        Jun 17, Vincent Strong, Civil War Union Colonel (killed in action at Gettysburg in 1863), was born.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1848        Jun 17, Austrian General Alfred Windischgratz crushed a Czech uprising in Prague.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1849        Jun 17, Russian troops invaded Hungary.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.448)

1854        Jun 17, The Red Turban revolt broke out in Guangdong, China. The Red Turban Rebellion of 1854-1856, sometimes known as the Red Turban Revolt, was a series of uprisings by members of the Tiandihui or Heaven and Earth Society in the Guangdong province of South China.
    (HN, 6/17/98)(http://tinyurl.com/k3gz8ts)

1855        Jun 17, Heavy French-British shelling of Sebastopol killed over 2000.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1856        Jun 17, In Philadelphia, the Republican Party opened its first national convention. John C. Fremont (1830-1890), American explorer, was the 1st Republican presidential candidate. His platform pledged to end polygamy and slavery. He lost to James Buchanan by about 500,000 votes. Fremont went on to serve as territorial governor of Arizona from 1878 to 1883. In 2003 Lewis L. Gould authored "Grand Old Party: A History of the Republicans."
    (AP, 6/17/97)(HN, 6/17/98)(SFEC, 2/13/00, BR p.5)(HNQ, 3/11/00)(WSJ, 9/7/01, p.W17)(SSFC, 11/23/03, p.M1)

1861        Jun 17, President Abraham Lincoln witnessed Dr. Thaddeus Lowe demonstrate the use of a hot-air balloon.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1863        Jun 17, On the way to Gettysburg, Union and Confederate forces skirmished at Point of Rocks, Maryland.
    (HN, 6/17/98)
1863        Jun 17, Battle of Aldie: Confederates failed to drive back Union in Virginia.
    (MC, 6/17/02)
1863        Jun 17, Travelers Insurance Co. of Hartford, the 1st accident insurer, was chartered.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1864        Jun 17, A 640 meter long pontoon bridge over the James River in Virginia was finished.
    (MC, 6/17/02)
1864        Jun 17, General John B. Hood replaced General Johnston as head of CSA troops around Atlanta.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1866        Jun 17, Lewis Cass (b.1782), former governor of Michigan (1813-1831) and Sec. of War (1831-1836) under Pres. Jackson, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lewis_Cass)

1867        Jun 17, John Robert Gregg, inventor (shorthand), was born in Ireland.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1870        Jun 17, George Cormack, cereal inventor (Wheaties), was born.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1871        Jun 17, James Weldon Johnson, African American poet and novelist who wrote “The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man," was born.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1872        Jun 17, Canadian George Hoover hauled in a wagon load of whiskey and set up a tent shop called Hoover’s Bar five miles west of Fort Dodge, Kansas. It was the founding business of Dodge City. The town up to this time had been dry.
    (SFC, 6/13/98, p.E4)(HN, 6/17/98)

1876        Jun 17, General George Crook’s command of 1300 men with friendly Crow and Shoshone scouts was attacked and bested on the Rosebud River, Montana, by 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne under the leadership of Crazy Horse.
    (HN, 6/17/98)(WSJ, 8/5/05, p.W2)

1880        Jun 17, Carl Van Vechten, writer, poet, was born.
    (HN, 6/17/01)

1882        Jun 17, Igor Fedorovich Stravinsky (d.1971), U.S. composer, was born in Oranienbaum, Russia. He wrote “The Rite of Spring" and “The Firebird" among other symphonies. His work also included “The Rake’s Progress" and “Oedipus Rex." The libretto for Rake’s Progress was written by W.H. Auden and Chester Kallman.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1405)(WSJ, 8/20/96, p.A8)(WSJ, 12/4/96, p.A16)(HN, 6/17/98)

1885        Jun 17, The French naval ship Isere arrived in NYC with a cargo of wooden crates containing the pieces of the Statue of Liberty.
    (AP, 6/17/97)(ON, 4/03, p.3)

1894        Jun 17, 1st US poliomyelitis epidemic broke out in Rutland, Vermont.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1898        Jun 17, Maurits C. Escher, Dutch graphic artist, was born.
    (MC, 6/17/02)
1898        Jun 17, Sir Edward Burne-Jones (b.1833), British painter and member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, died. In 2011 Fiona MacCarthy authored “The Last Pre-Raphaelite: Edward Burne-Jones and the Victorian Imagination."
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.77)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Burne-Jones)

1900        Jun 17, Martin Bormann, deputy Führer to Hitler, was born.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1903        Jun 17, Joseph-Marie Cassant (b.1878), a French monk, died. He frequently meditated about Jesus on the cross. In 2004 he was beatified by Pope John Paul VI.
    (AP, 10/3/04)(www.vatican.va/news_services)

1904        Jun 17, Ralph Bellamy, actor (Air Mail, Dive Bomber, Trading Places, Sunrise at Campobello, Winds of War, War and Remembrance), was born in Chicago.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1912        Jun 17, Wessel Couzijn, sculptor, cartoonist (Auschwitz-monument), was born.
    (MC, 6/17/02)
1912        Jun 17, The German Zeppelin SZ 111 burned in its hanger in Friedrichshafen.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1913        Jun 17, U.S. Marines set sail from San Diego to protect American interests in Mexico.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1914        Jun 17, John Hersey, novelist and journalist, poet, was born. His books included “Men of Bataan,"  “Bell for Adano" and “Hiroshima."
    (HN, 6/17/01)

1916        Jun 17, American troops under the command of Gen. Jack Pershing marched into Mexico. US Gen’l. Pershing led an unsuccessful punitive expedition against Francisco “Pancho" Villa. [see Mar 31]
    (SFC, 1/26/98, p.A17)(MC, 6/17/02)

1917        Jun 17, Dean Martin, singer and comedian, was born as Dino Crocetti in Steubenville, Ohio. He worked with Jerry Lewis. His films included “My Friend Irma," “Hollywood or Bust," “Airport," “Bells are Ringing" and “Rio Bravo." [see Jun 7]
    (MC, 6/17/02)
1917        Jun 17, British king George V took the name Windsor. [see Jun 19, Jul 17]
    (MC, 6/17/02)
 1917        Jun 17, The Russian Duma met in secret session in Petrograd and voted for an immediate Russian offensive against the German Army.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1919        Jun 17, The "Barney Google" cartoon strip by Billy DeBeck premiered. In 1924 he introduced a horse named spark Plug to the strip.
    (SFC, 9/7/05, p.G7)(www.toonopedia.com/google.htm)

1924        Jun 17, The Fascist militia marched into Rome.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1926        Jun 17, Spain threatened to quit the League of Nations if Germany was allowed to join.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1928        Jun 17, Fox Movietone News covered the first night of a NY dance marathon at the Manhattan Casino and took a close-up of the feet of "Shorty" George Snowden. When asked "What are you doing with your feet," Shorty replied, "The Lindy." The Lindy Hop was born in black communities in Harlem, New York in the United States from about 1927 into the early 1930s from four possible sources: the breakaway, the Charleston, the Texas Tommy, and the hop. Four couples remained when the dance marathon was forced by the Health Commissioner to end after 16 days, on July 3. The eight finalists were awarded an equal portion of the $1000 prize at the Savoy Ballroom on Friday, July 6, 1928.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lindy_Hop)(http://tinyurl.com/y8dadpk)
1928        Jun 17, Amelia Earhart embarked on a trans-Atlantic flight from Newfoundland to Wales with pilots Wilmer Stultz and Louis Gordon, becoming the first woman to make the trip as a passenger.
    (ON, 12/07, p.9)(AP, 6/17/08)

1930        Jun 17, Pres. Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill, placing the highest tariff on imports to the U.S. It was sponsored by Willis Hawley, a congressman from Oregon, and Reed Smoot, a senator from Utah. An international trade war began with the US passage of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act. Foreign countries retaliated. Many economists blame Smoot-Hawley for deepening the depression. It reflected the "Protectionism" of the times.
    (WSJ, 7/1/96, p.A11)(HN, 6/17/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R50)(WSJ, 2/3/04, p.A12)

1931        Jun 17, British authorities in China arrested Indochinese Communist leader Ho Chi Minh.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1932        Jun 17, The U.S. Senate defeated a cash-now bonus bill as some 10,000 veterans massed around the Capitol.
    (HN, 6/17/98)(WSJ, 11/7/05, p.B1)

1933        Jun 17, In the Kansas City Massacre 1 FBI agent, 4 cops and 1 gangster were killed by the mob.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1938        Jun 17, Japan declared war on China.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1939        Jun 17, Eugene Weldman became the last person guillotined in France.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1940        Jun 17, France asked Germany for terms of surrender in World War II. Marshal Henri Petain replaced Paul Reynaud, who chose to resign over surrender, as prime minister and announced his intention to sign an armistice with the Nazis. In 2000 Ernest R. May authored “Strange Victory," an account of the French defeat.
    (AP, 6/17/97)(WSJ, 9/14/00, p.A24)(MC, 6/17/02)
1940        Jun 17, Gen. Charles de Gaulle flew to London.
    (WSJ, 8/3/00, p.A12)
1940        Jun 17, The Soviet Union occupied Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1942        Jun 17, Rod Padgett, poet, was born.
    (HN, 6/17/01)
1942        Jun 17, Yank a weekly magazine for the U.S. armed services, began publication. Hartzell Spence (d.2001 at 93), executive editor of Yank, a new US Army publication, soon introduced the term “pinup" for the photo inserts of beautiful women and added the “Sad Sack" cartoon strip.
    (HN, 6/17/98)(SFC, 5/29/01, p.A17)
1942        Jun 17, Four men landed on a Florida beach from a German submarine with plans to sabotage US industrial sites. [see Jun 27]
    (SFC, 11/30/01, p.A1)

1944        Jun 17, Bill Rafferty, comedian (Laugh-In, Real People), was born in Queens, NY.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Rafferty)
1944        Jun 17, French troops landed on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean.
    (HN, 6/17/98)
1944        Jun 17, Iceland declared full independence from Denmark and became a republic.
    (DrEE, 1/4/97, p.4)(AP, 6/17/97)

1946        Jun 17, Barry Manilow Grammy Award-winning singer, was born as Barry Alan Pincus. His songs included: I Write the Songs [1975], Mandy, Looks Like, Copacabana.
    (MC, 6/17/02)
1946        Jun 17, SW Bell inaugurated mobile telephone commercial service in St Louis.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1947        Jun 17, Pan Am Airways was chartered as the 1st worldwide passenger airline.
    (Hem., 2/96, p.44)(MC, 6/17/02)

1948        Jun 17, A United Air Lines DC-6 crashed near Mount Carmel, Penn., killing all 43 people on board.
    (AP, 6/17/98)

1950        Jun 17, Surgeon Richard Lawler performed the first kidney transplant operation in Chicago.
    (HN, 6/17/01)

1951        Jun 17, Joe Piscopo (comedian, actor: Saturday Night Live, Sidekicks, Wise Guys, Johnny Dangerously), was born.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1952        Jun 17, John Whiteside Parsons (b.1914), rocket scientist, died following an explosion at his home in southern California. In 2005 George Pendle authored “Strange Angel: the Otherworldly Life of Rocket Scientist John Whiteside Parsons."
    (www.forteantimes.com/articles/132_parsons.shtml)(SSFC, 2/20/05, p.B2)

1953        Jun 17, Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas stayed the executions of spies Julius & Ethel Rosenberg scheduled for next day, their 14th wedding anniversary. They were put to death June 19.
    (MC, 6/17/02)(AP, 6/17/03)
1953        Jun 17, The East Germans threw stones at Russian tanks and were quickly subjugated. Eric Honecker threatened demonstrators with a “Peking Solution." Soviet tanks fought thousands of Berlin workers rioting against the East German government.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1953)(WSJ, 10/18/96, p.A13)(HN, 6/17/98)

1956        Jun 17, Golda Meir began her term as Israel's foreign minister.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1957        Jun 17, The Tuskegee boycott began as Blacks boycotted city stores.
    (MC, 6/17/02)
1957        Jun 17, Mob underboss Frank Scalice was shot to death at a produce market in the Bronx, N.Y.
    (AP, 6/17/07)

1959        Jun 17, Eamon de Valera was elected president of Ireland.
    (MC, 6/17/02)

1961        Jun 17, Soviet ballet star Rudolf Nureyev (d.1993) defected from the Soviet Union at the Paris Le Bourget airport while traveling with the Leningrad Kirov Ballet. In 1998 Diane Solway covered this event in her biography: "Nureyev."
    (WSJ, 10/1/98, p.A20)(SFEC, 11/1/98, p.A17)(AP, 6/17/08)

1963        Jun 17, The US Supreme Court ruled 8-1 to strike down rules requiring the recitation of the Lord's Prayer or reading of Biblical verses in public schools. The case began in 1956 when Edward L. Schempp (d.2003), on behalf of his son, objected to a 1949 Pennsylvania law requiring 10 Bible verses each day followed by the Lord's Prayer and the Pledge of Allegiance.
    (AP, 6/17/97)(HN, 6/17/98)(SFC, 11/24/03, p.A18)
1963        Jun 17, British House of Commons debated the John Profumo-Christine Keeler affair, which involved the defense minister and the call-girl he shared with a Russian agent.
    (MC, 6/17/02)
1963        Jun 17, John Cowper Powys (b.1872), English author, died. In 2007 Morine Krissdottir authored “Descent of Memory: The Life of John Cowper Powys." His 10 novels included “Wolf Solent," the story of a young man’s rebellion against the modern world.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cowper_Powys)(WSJ, 9/8/07, p.P9)

1965        Jun 17, Twenty-seven B-52’s hit Viet Cong outposts but lost two planes in South Vietnam.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1967        Jun 17, China detonated its 1st hydrogen bomb and became the world's 4th thermonuclear power.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F6)(MC, 6/17/02)

1968        Jun 17, The US Supreme Court in Jones v. Mayer banned racial discrimination in the sale and rental of housing.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jones_v._Mayer)
1968        Jun 17, The UK enacted sanctions against Rhodesia.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)

1969        Jun 17, The raunchy musical review "Oh! Calcutta!" opened in New York.
    (AP, 6/17/97)
1969        Jun 17, Black Panther William Brent (1931-2006) became the 28th person this year to hijack a US airplane to Cuba. The Cubans put him in jail for two years. He published his memoir in 1996 titled "Long Time Gone."
    (SFC, 6/3/96, BR p.3)(SFEC, 12/26/99, p.C10)

1970        Jun 17, North Vietnamese troops cut the last operating rail line in Cambodia.
    (HN, 6/17/98)

1971        Jun 17, The United States and Japan signed the Okinawa Reversion Treaty under which the United States would return control of the island of Okinawa and the Ryukyu Island chain, which includes the Senkaku Islands, in 1972.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Senkaku_Islands_dispute)(AP, 6/17/97)

1972        Jun 17, President Nixon's eventual downfall began when five men were arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate hotel at 1:52 a.m. Carl Schloffler (1945-1996), undercover police officer, made the arrest. Within hours of the bust G. Gordon Liddy attempted to shred all related documents. The five burglars were soon linked to Nixon's Committee for the Re-election of the President (CREEP) and, as suspicion grew, Nixon conspired to obstruct an FBI investigation of the incident. Nixon's conversations about the obstruction and subsequent cover-up had been tape-recorded as part of a secret tape-recording system revealed to investigators by Nixon's schedule keeper. Jeb Magruder later wrote "An American Life." The book has been described as the most accurate description of what happened. Stanley I. Kutler later authored "The Wars of Watergate." Liddy later asserted that John Dean was really after a brochure of call-girl pictures kept by DNC secretary Ida Wells that included a picture of Dean’s girlfriend, Maureen Biner.
    (SFC, 4/13/96, p.A-2)(TMC, 1994, p.1972)(SFC, 7/16/96, p.A14)(SFC, 2/1/99, p.A3) (HNPD, 6/17/99)(SFC, 2/4/00, p.D9)(SFC, 1/31/01, p.A2)
1972        Jun 17, Chile’s president Allende changed his Cabinet. The two most prominent departures were Brigadier General Pedro Palacios Cameron from Mines and Pedro Vuskovic from Economy.
    (www.rrojasdatabank.org/murder30.htm)

1974        Jun 17, In Italy 2 people died in a Red Brigades attack on a right-wing party’s office.
    (WSJ, 12/13/07, p.A18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Brigades)

1981        Jun 17, Riots between Muslims & Christians in Cairo left 16 people dead.
    (www.amcoptic.com/egyptmag/anti.html)

1982        Jun 17, Pres. Reagan addressed the UN General Assembly in NYC.
    (www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1982/61782a.htm)
1982        Jun 17, Pres. Galtieri resigned after leading Argentina to defeat in Falkland Islands War.
    (www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/B189501.htm)

1983        Jun 17, The US Air Force successfully conducted the first test flight of the Peacekeeper ICBM from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.
    (www.fas.org/nuke/guide/usa/icbm/lgm-118.htm)

1986        Jun 17, President Reagan announced the retirement of Chief Justice Warren Earl Burger.
    (AP, 6/17/97)
1986        Jun 17, Singer Kate Smith died in Raleigh, N.C., at age 79.
    (AP, 6/17/97)

1987        Jun 17, Baseball manager Dick Howser, who'd led the Kansas City Royals to a World Series championship, died at age 51 after a yearlong struggle with brain cancer.
    (AP, 6/17/97)
1987        Jun 17, Charles Glass, a journalist on leave from ABC News, was kidnapped in Lebanon. Glass escaped his captors in August 1987.
    (AP, 6/17/07)

1988        Jun 17, Leaders of the world's seven biggest industrial democracies began arriving in Toronto for their annual economic summit, with the host, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, forecasting progress on dismantling farm subsidies and alleviating Third World debt.
    (AP, 6/17/98)

1989        Jun 17, In China's crackdown on the pro-democracy movement, eight people were sentenced to death for allegedly beating soldiers and burning vehicles in Beijing.
    (AP, 6/17/99)

1990        Jun 17, South African black nationalist Nelson Mandela and his wife, Winnie, arrived in Ottawa, Canada, en route to an eleven-day tour of the United States.
    (AP, 6/17/00)

1991        Jun 17, The remains of President Zachary Taylor were briefly exhumed in Louisville, Kentucky, to test a theory that Taylor had died of arsenic poisoning. Results showed death was from natural causes.
    (AP, 6/17/01)
1991        Jun 17, Payne Stewart won the US Open golf tournament.
    (AP, 6/17/01)
1991        Jun 17, The South African Parliament abolished the Population Registration Act, the last major apartheid law still in effect.
    (AP, 6/17/01)

1992        Jun 17, President Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed a breakthrough arms-reduction agreement. Addressing Congress, Yeltsin pledged to find any American prisoners of war still being held in Russia.
    (AP, 6/17/97)
1992        Jun 16, Two German relief workers, the last of Western hostages held in Lebanon, were released.
    (AP, 6/17/97)

1993        Jun 17, President Clinton told a news conference his economic package was making "remarkable progress."
    (AP, 6/17/98)
1993        Jun 17, The US Food and Drug Administration could not confirm reports of tampering with Diet Pepsi-Cola cans at the manufacturing level, despite reports of foreign objects turning up in containers.
    (AP, 6/17/98)
1993        Jun 17, U.N. forces in Somalia searched in vain for warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
    (AP, 6/17/98)

1994        Jun 17, After leading police on a slow-speed chase on Southern California freeways, that millions of Americans watched, OJ Simpson was arrested for the murder of wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. The arrest took place after a prolonged slow-car chase where Al A.C. Cowlings drove Simpson around in a white Ford Bronco and talked him into giving up to the police. Simpson was later acquitted in a criminal trial, but held liable in a civil trial.
    (WSJ, 10/4/95, p.A-1)(SFC, 6/30/96, p.B5)(AP, 6/17/97)(HN, 6/17/98)
1994        Jun 17, Johnnie Cochran, who was later hired as a defense attorney for O.J. Simpson, was quoted off-camera during a break on ABC’s Nightline saying: “he obviously did it."
    (SFEC, 9/8/96, BR p.1)

1995        Jun 17, Russian commandos stormed a hospital where Chechen rebels were holding more than 1,000 hostages, but the Chechens beat the Russians back.
    (AP, 6/17/00)

1996        Jun 17, ValuJet Airlines suspended its flight schedule indefinitely after a federal inspection found "several serious deficiencies" in the discount carrier's operations. ValuJet resumed limited operations 15 weeks later.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A1)(AP, 6/17/97)
1996        Jun 17, Fires burned down five more Southern churches.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A1)
1996        Jun 17, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation presented its annual “genius" awards to 21 people selected by an anonymous team of talent scouts.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A2)
1996        Jun 17, In Liberia health workers have dug up an additional 150 bodies, many of them headless, along the beach at Mamba Point. Exhumations started 2 weeks ago and about 500 bodies have been found and reburied.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A9)
1996        Jun 17, The US said it will slap sanctions on $2 billion of Chinese goods if action is not taken by the government against the manufacture of pirate compact disks, videos and software.
    (WSJ, 6/6/96, p.A16)
1996        Jun 17, A World Health Organization study said that more than 8 million babies die each year worldwide before reaching their first birthday.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 17, The UN sponsored Conference on Disarmament agreed to admit 23 new members, among them Iraq, Syria, Israel, North Korea and South Africa.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 17, In New Zealand Mount Ruapehu erupted.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.A6)
1996        Jun 17, Sri Lankan troops killed 15 Tamil Tiger rebels in the northern Jaffna peninsula.
    (SFC, 6/18/96, p.A10)

1997        Jun 17, Mir Aimal Kasi, suspected in the shooting deaths of two CIA employees outside agency headquarters in January 1993, was brought to Fairfax, Va., to face trial after being arrested in Pakistan. He was later convicted and sentenced to death.
    (AP, 6/17/98)
1997        Jun 17, In Sierra Leone Major Johnny Paul Koroma was sworn in as head of state and pledged to work to restore democracy.
    (SFC, 6/18/97, p.A10)

1998        Jun 17, The Pritzker Architecture Prize was awarded to Italian architect Renzo Piano (60).
    (USAT, 6/17/98, p.1D)
1998        Jun 17, The US Senate snuffed out Congress' first bill to curb teen smoking, with Democrats accusing Republicans of being owned by Big Tobacco, and Republicans charging the measure was laden with too many amendments.
    (AP, 6/17/03)
1998        Jun 17, Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto welcomed a rare U.S. intervention in currency markets to support the sinking yen. The US and Japan bought billions of dollars worth of yen to stabilize the Japanese currency.
    (SFC, 6/18/98, p.A1) (AP, 6/17/99)
1998        Jun 17, Scientists announced the 3-D structure of the key protein that the HIV virus uses to unlock and enter cells.
    (SFC, 6/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 17, In Albania representatives of 5 Kosovo political parties met in Tirana and announced plans to organize defenses against the Serbian anti-insurgency campaign.
    (SFC, 6/19/98, p.B2)
1998        Jun 17, In Cairo Sheik Mohammed Sharawi died at age 87. The popular cleric lectured on Egyptian TV and his teachings were widely acclaimed. He supported female circumcision and ruled that women should not be appointed to top government positions or become judges.
    (SFC, 6/19/98, p.B6)
1998        Jun 17, In Israel Nahum Manbar, an Israeli businessman, was convicted of endangering security through the sale of $16 million in information and chemical weapons components to Iran. Manbar was sentenced to 16 years in July 1998 for selling materials to make nerve and mustard gas to Iran but insisted he acted with the approval of the Israeli authorities. He had been arrested in March the previous year. He was released from jail in 2011.
    (SFC, 6/18/98, p.A20)(AFP, 10/31/11)
1998        Jun 17, Andrei Kozlenok, a diamond merchant, was extradited from Greece to Russia, on charges of stealing $180 million in gold and gems from the Russian government in 1992. Kozlenok used the money to set up shop in SF and then moved to Belgium to avoid extradition.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.B1)
1998        Jun 17, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin named Anatoly Chubais as Russia’s chief liaison to the IMF. Chubais was also reinstated as a deputy premier.
    (WSJ, 6/18/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 17, In Rwanda Hutu rebels killed at least 25 and wounded 62 Tutsis at a camp for displaced people north of Kigali.
    (SFC, 6/18/98, p.A20)
1998        Jun 17, In Paramaribo, Suriname, four million acres of rain forest was dedicated as the Suriname Wilderness Nature Reserve.
    (SFC, 6/18/98, p.A20)
1998        Jun 17, Serb troops killed at least 10 Albanians they said were trying to cross the border into Kosovo.
    (WSJ, 6/18/98, p.A1)

1999        Jun 17, The Republican-controlled House narrowly voted to loosen restrictions on sales at gun shows, marking a victory for the National Rifle Association.
    (AP, 6/17/00)
1999        Jun 17, It was reported that a synthesis of 151 years of chimpanzee observations indicated cultural variations among various groups of Pan troglodytes.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.A2)
1999        Jun 17, It was reported that Rafael Resendez-Ramirez (39), a drifter from Mexico, was being sought for the suspected murders of at least 5 people near railroad tracks between Houston and San Antonio. His real name was later found to be Angel Leoncio Reyes Recendis [Angel Maturino Resendez, Resendiz]. Ramirez surrendered to police in El Paso on July 13. His sister, Manuela Karkiewicz of New Mexico, arranged for the surrender and was awarded $86,000 in reward money. Resendiz was convicted in 2000 for the murder and rape of a doctor. He asked the judge for the death penalty and was sentenced to death.
    (SFC, 6/17/99, p.A3)(SFC, 6/29/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/14/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/30/99, p.A6)(SFC, 5/19/00, p.A3)(SFC, 5/23/00, p.A2)
1999        Jun 17, Methanex Corp. of Canada sued California for $970 million over the state ban on the gasoline additive MTBE. A NAFTA investor rights provision was cited as the basis for the suit. In 1998 Canada overturned a ban on MMT when it was challenged in a similar suit by Ethyl Corp. of Virginia
    (SFC, 6/18/99, p.A1,19)
1999        Jun 17, Joseph Stanley Faulder, a former auto mechanic who killed a woman during a 1975 burglary, became the first Canadian to be executed in the United States in almost half a century as he was lethally injected in Huntsville, Texas.
    (AP, 6/17/00)
1999        Jun 17, In Germany 4 passengers were killed when their hot air balloon hit a power line near Ibbenburen.
    (AP, 2/26/13)
1999        Jun 17, Latvia's parliament elected Vaira Vike-Freiberga (61), Canadian émigré and retired university professor, as its first female president.
    (WSJ, 6/18/99, p.A1)(USAT, 6/11/04, p.5D)
1999        Jun 17, In East Timor rival factions agreed to cease intimidation and violence prior to the August referendum between independence and autonomy.
    (WSJ, 6/18/99, p.A1)

2000        Jun 17, In Belgium English and German soccer fans clashed in Charleroi prior to a game in the European Soccer Championship.
    (SFEC, 6/18/00, p.A14)
2000        Jun 17, In Cuba, more than 300,000 people turned out to protest the continued stay of Elian Gonzalez in the United States; it was the largest such demonstration since the previous December, when Cuba launched a national campaign of mass gatherings demanding the boy’s return.
    (AP, 6/17/01)
2000        Jun 17, In India upper-class militia stormed Miapur village in Bihar state and massacred 34 women, children and old men. The attack was in retribution for the murder of 12 upper-caste farmers five days earlier, which in turn was preceded by the murder of 5 low-caste Yadavs. Police later arrested 11 landlord-paid militiamen.
    (SFEC, 6/18/00, p.A12)(WSJ, 6/19/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 17, In Iran thousands of dead fish were reported to be spread over 5,400 acres of the dried up Arjang Lagoon, near the city of Shiraz, due to a 2-year drought.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.D8)
2000        Jun 17, In Kenya an ongoing drought was reported to have caused hungry baboons into villages in search of food. A crop failure for the 3rd consecutive year placed 22 million Kenyans on the brink of starvation.
    (SFC, 6/17/00, p.D8)
2000        Jun 17, Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe said that whites may live in Zimbabwe, but they will never have a voice equal to that of blacks.
    (SFEC, 6/18/00, p.A14)

2001        Jun 17, Texas Governor Rick Perry vetoed a bill to ban the execution of mentally retarded death row inmates, saying the state already had numerous safeguards in place to protect them.
    (AP, 6/17/02)
2001        Jun 17, It was reported in the Harvard Quarterly Journal of Economic that legalized abortion from 3 decades ago accounted for up to half of last decade’s national crime decline.
    (SSFC, 6/17/01, p.D1)
2001        Jun 17, In NYC a 5-alarm fire at a hardware store in Queens killed 3 firefighters and injured dozens of others.
    (SFC, 6/18/01, p.A3)
2001        Jun 17, Tropical Strom Allison moved into southeastern Pennsylvania and killed 4 people. This raised the toll from Allison to at least 43.
    (SFC, 6/18/01, p.A7)
2001        Jun 17, In Afghanistan the Taliban agreed to let the World Food Program select local women to survey the food needs of vulnerable households.
    (SFC, 6/19/01, p.A9)
2001        Jun 17, In Bulgaria voters in parliamentary elections supported the national Movement of Czar Simeon II (64), who was eligible to become prime minister. PM Ivan Kostov conceded.
    (SFC, 6/18/01, p.A10)
2001        Jun 17, In Egypt the Cairo weekly Al Nabaa published a sex scandal along with pictures at the Coptic Christian Muhariq monastery in Assiut between former monk Adel Saadallah Gabriel and an unidentified woman. Publisher Mamdouh Mahran was charged with disturbing the peace. Al-Nabaa was banned from publishing on July 5 and Mahran faced charges of sedition.
    (SFC, 6/30/01, p.A8)(SFC, 7/6/01, p.D4)
2001        Jun 17, Israeli soldiers shot and killed Ali Abu Shaweesh (5) when    they fired on Palestinian demonstrators near Jewish settlements in Gaza.
    (SFC, 6/18/01, p.A10)

2002        Jun 17, The US Supreme Court struck down an Ohio village's law and ruled that groups have a constitutional right to go door-to-door to promote their causes without getting permission from local officials.
    (SFC, 6/18/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/17/03)
2002        Jun 17, SF Judge James Warren reversed the 2nd degree murder conviction against Marjorie Knoller saying she could have known that her dogs were capable of killing someone.  He let stand Knoller's conviction for involuntary manslaughter. (However, the California Supreme Court has left open the possibility the murder conviction could be reinstated.) Robert Noel was sentenced to 4 years for involuntary manslaughter.
    (SFC, 6/18/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/17/07)
2002        Jun 17, The 1st oral “black fever" drug was announced. Visceral leishmaniasis reportedly killed 60,000 annually, mostly in Brazil, India and Bangladesh.
    (WSJ, 6/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Jun 17, A converted C-130 air tanker crashed over a flaming ridge near Walker in Mono County, Ca., and 3 crew members were killed. It was later reported that the 1956 plane had been used by the CIA and lacked maintenance records.
    (SFC, 6/17/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/7/03, p.A3)
2002        Jun 17, Australian scientists said they had successfully "teleported" a laser beam encoded with data, breaking it up and reconstructing an exact replica a yard away.
    (AP, 6/17/02)
2002        Jun 17, In Colombia troops took control of Arequipa to support a new government ban on public protests.
    (SFC, 6/18/02, p.A7)
2002        Jun 17, German construction workers launched their first major strike in more than 50 years, following members of the country's main manufacturing union in walking out earlier this year to back up demands for higher wages.
    (AP, 6/17/02)
2002        Jun 17, In northern Guatemala about 8,000 ex-paramilitary fighters, wielding machetes and clubs, blocked roads, demanding payment from the government for their services during the country's 36-year guerrilla war. They were disbanded in 1996.
    (AP, 6/17/02)(SFC, 6/18/02, p.A9)
2002        Jun 17, Suspected Muslim guerrillas have seized four Indonesian seamen, including the captain, of a Singaporean-owned tugboat in the southern Philippines.
    (Reuters, 6/18/02)
2002        Jun 17, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up on Israel's frontier with the West Bank, shortly after Israel angered the Palestinians by starting work on a security fence between the two territories. In 2003 the UN said the fence carved off 14% of the West Bank and barred a route to work for some 400,000 Palestinians.
    (Reuters, 6/17/02)(WSJ, 11/12/03, p.A1)
2002        Jun 17, In Peru police deployed armored vehicles and squads armed with automatic rifles in the capital to prevent the spread of unrest tied to the Friday sale of state-run companies.
    (AP, 6/17/02)
2002        Jun 17, In the Republic of Congo military officials reported more than 100 rebels were killed in an attack on Brazzaville.
    (AP, 6/18/02)
2002        Jun 17, Russian police fatally shot two army deserters, ending a daylong manhunt that began after the soldiers left their unit and killed two policemen at a roadblock in southern Russia.
    (AP, 6/17/02)
2002        Jun 17, In South Africa Lulu Petersen said she hoped a class-action lawsuit against foreign companies that dealt with the racist, white regime would finally bring her family justice.
    (AP, 6/17/02)

2003        Jun 17, A US federal appeals court ruled the government properly withheld names and other details about hundreds of foreigners who were detained in the months after the Sept. 11 attacks.
    (AP, 6/17/04)
2003        Jun 17, The US Justice Department issued a directive banning routine racial and ethnic profiling at all 70 federal agencies with law enforcement powers.
    (AP, 6/17/04)
2003        Jun 17, English soccer star David Beckham was sold to Real Madrid by Manchester United for a $41 million transfer fee.
    (AP, 6/17/04)
2003        Jun 17, Ivory Coast army and rebel forces agreed to pull their forces back from battle positions, strengthening a cease-fire in the former French colony.
    (AP, 6/17/03)
2003        Jun 17, Jordanians voted for a new parliament, six years after the previous one was dissolved. Allies of King Abdullah II won more than half of the seats in Jordan's parliamentary elections. Jordan's parliament, unlike many Arab legislatures, can block bills and dismiss a prime minister and his Cabinet.
    (AP, 6/17/03)(AP, 6/18/03)
2003        Jun 17, Liberia's President Charles Taylor pledged to yield power as part of a cease-fire with rebels, but his government quickly hedged on the resignation.
    (AP, 6/17/03)
2003        Jun 17, Peruvian investigators dramatically increased their estimate of the death toll from a two-decade fight against Shining Path rebels, saying they now believe between 40,000 and 60,000 people perished or disappeared from 1980-1990s.
    (AP, 6/18/03)
2003        Jun 17, Romania's government acknowledged that its former leaders deported and exterminated Romanian Jews during World War II.
    (AP, 6/17/03)
2003        Jun 17, The Virgin Islands Party was swept from power after spending 17 years at the helm, according to final election results.
    (AP, 6/18/03)

2004        Jun 17, The US bipartisan commission investigating the 2001 Sep 11 attacks released its final report. The report found that officials, blindsided by terrorists and beset by poor communications, were so slow to react on Sept. 11, 2001, that the last of four hijacked planes had crashed by the time Vice President Dick Cheney ordered hostile aircraft shot down.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.A1)(AP, 6/17/05)
2004        Jun 17, President Bush disputed the Sept. 11 commission's finding that Saddam Hussein had no strong ties to al-Qaida, saying the former Iraqi leader had had "numerous contacts" with the terrorist network.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2004        Jun 17, It was reported that power was shifting away from manufacturers and producers to retailers and distributors who deliver goods to customers. In 1990 Alvin Toffler authored “Power Shift," a look at power shifts in the everyday world.
    (WSJ, 6/17/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 17, In Afghanistan fighters loyal to several regional warlords stormed Chagcharan, a provincial capital of western Ghor province, and forced the governor to flee.
    (AP, 6/18/04)
2004        Jun 17, Algerian troops killed one of North Africa's most-wanted terrorist leaders, who allied his group with Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network. Nabil Sahraoui (also known as Abu Ibrahim Mustapha), one of his key right-hand men and a "good number" of other Salafist lieutenants were killed in a military sweep.
    (AP, 6/20/04)(SFC, 6/21/04, p.A6)
2004        Jun 17, A jury in Brussels, Belgium, convicted Marc Dutroux (47), an ex-convict, of abducting 6 girls in 1995-96. It also found him guilty of murdering 2 of the girls and an accomplice.
    (AP, 6/17/04)
2004        Jun 17, Brazil’s Senate backed a rise in the minimum wage to 275 reais ($88) per month and approved a new bankruptcy law.
    (Econ, 6/26/04, p.42)
2004        Jun 17, In Brazil the Camara Dam on the Mamanguate River burst and flooded the city of Alagoa Grande in Paraiba state, some 1,300 miles northeast of Sao Paulo. At least 3 people were killed.
    (AP, 6/18/04)
2004        Jun 17, A Chad military official said Arab militias, known as Janjawids, fought Chadian troops in Birak, a locality inside Chad about 10 miles (six kilometers) from the border with western Sudan. 69 Janjawids militiamen were killed and two taken prisoner in the fighting. He did not give figures for any losses among Chadian troops.
    (AP, 6/17/04)
2004        Jun 17, In the Dominican Republic Craig Roger Hiserote (55), an American executive for a North Carolina-based energy company, was killed by two gunmen on a motorcycle as he drove home from work in the coastal town of San Pedro de Macoris.
    (AP, 6/17/04)
2004        Jun 17, In Iraq 2 car bombings killed 41 people and wounding 142. A sport utility vehicle packed with artillery shells blew up in a crowd of people waiting to volunteer for the Iraqi military. Another car bomb north of the capital killed six members of the Iraqi security forces.
    (AP, 6/17/04)(WSJ, 6/18/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 17, Tahar Ben Jelloun (59), a Moroccan-born novelist and poet, won the Int’l. IMPAC Dublin Literary Award for the best work of English fiction for 2002. Linda Coverdale, translator of “This Blinding Absence of Light," received a quarter of the $120,000 prize.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.E2)
2004        Jun 17, In Peru the 400-year-old Lima Roman Catholic cathedral celebrated its restoration, a project that began in 1997. A new museum in a converted sacristy displays a nine-painting series depicting Santa Rosa de Lima's road to canonization in the 1600s as the first saint of the New World.
    (AP, 6/18/04)
2004        Jun 17, Pakistan's army killed Nek Muhammad (Nek Mohammed), a renegade Wazir tribal leader, tracing him to a mud-brick compound near Wana via a satellite phone and then leveling the building in a helicopter assault. He was accused of sheltering al-Qaida fighters. Army troops killed 30 tribesman suspected of shielding al-Qaida fugitives. As many as 70 "foreign terrorists" were also killed in the operation. In southern Pakistan Munawar Soharwardi, a leading opposition politician, was slain in a drive-by shooting.
    (AP, 6/17/04)(AP, 6/18/04)(AP, 6/23/04)(Econ, 4/14/07, p.44)

2005        Jun 17, The US Roman Catholic bishops agreed to a five-year extension on their unprecedented policy of permanently barring sexually abusive clergy from church work.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2005        Jun 17, MasterCard International said a security breach had exposed about 40 million payment cards of various brands to potential fraud in the biggest such privacy violation ever reported. The breach was traced to Atlanta-based CardSystems Solutions.
    (Reuters, 6/18/05)(SSFC, 6/19/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 17, The US reported that its Current Account Trade Deficit, the broadest measure of international trade, rose to an all-time high of $195.1 billion from January through March of this year as the country sank deeper into debt to Japan, China and other nations.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 17, Marcus Wesson, the domineering patriarch of a large clan he'd bred through incest, was convicted in Fresno, Calif., of murdering nine of his children. Wesson was later sentenced to death.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2005        Jun 17, Dennis Kozlowski, former CEO of Tyco Int’l., and Mark Swartz, former CFO, were convicted on all but one of 31 counts of various fraud charges. They were convicted of looting their company of more than $600 million.
    (SFC, 6/18/05, p.C1)(AP, 6/17/06)
2005        Jun 17, Crude oil prices for July delivery hit a record high closing at $58.47 a barrel.
    (AP, 6/18/05)(SFC, 6/18/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 17, Bank of America signed an agreement to buy a 9 percent stake in state-owned China Construction Bank for $3 billion, the largest single purchase of stock in a Chinese bank by a foreign financial institution.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 17, San Francisco enacted its Environmentally Preferable Purchasing for Commodities Ordnance. It became the 1st US city take public health and environmental stewardship into consideration when purchasing products.
    (SFC, 6/18/05, p.B2)
2005        Jun 17, Australia pledged to ease a controversial policy of locking up refugees.
    (AFP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 17, Egyptian security forces in the Sinai mountains clashed with suspects in deadly attacks last year on Red Sea resorts. Security officials said a soldier and a fugitive were killed and four other soldiers were wounded.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 17, In Germany former US Pres. George Bush, one-time Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl received an award for their role in ending Germany's Cold War division.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 17, In Haiti police raided a slum of Bel Air teeming with gangs loyal to ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Residents accused the officials of killing two people, including a 17-year-old girl.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 17, Iranians voted in an election shaping up as the closest presidential race since the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Young people disillusioned by the theocracy called for a boycott of the balloting. Voters failed to give any candidate an outright majority and hard-liners made an unexpectedly strong showing. A 2nd round between former president Rafsanjani and conservative Tehran mayor Ahmadinejad was scheduled in a week.
    (AP, 6/17/05)(AP, 6/18/05)(WSJ, 6/20/05, p.A13)
2005        Jun 17, The US military launched a major combat operation with 1,000 Marines and Iraqi soldiers in the hunt for insurgents and foreign fighters in a volatile western province straddling Syria.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 17, In Iraq 2 US soldiers were killed and one was wounded during a small-arms skirmish with insurgents in Karabilah. A car bomb blew up outside a mosque in the western town of Habaniyah, killing four people and injuring another 15.
    (AP, 6/17/05)(AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 17, In Kyrgyzstan several hundred unarmed supporters of a presidential hopeful who was denied registration in next month's election stormed the government headquarters. Troops with truncheons and tear gas beat back protesters in the biggest unrest in Kyrgyzstan since its longtime president was ousted in March. The clash injured 39 people.
    (AP, 6/17/05)
2005        Jun 17, In Northern Ireland Roman Catholic hard-liners assaulted police and Protestant marchers in a religiously polarized part of Belfast, and nearly 30 people were injured.
    (AP, 6/18/05)
2005        Jun 17, Pakistan said it has completed arrangements to sell 26 percent of its state-run telephone company amid employee protests over the sale.
    (AP, 6/17/05)

2006        Jun 17, The Edmonton Oilers shut out the Carolina Hurricanes 4-0 to take the Stanley Cup finals to a seventh and deciding game.
    (Reuters, 6/18/06)
2006        Jun 17, The typical American chief executive earned 300 times the average wage, up tenfold from the 1970s.
    (Econ, 6/17/06, p.30)
2006        Jun 17, In Louisiana 5 people aged 16-19 were gunned down just outside the business district of New Orleans.
    (SSFC, 6/18/06, p.A4)
2006        Jun 17, Arthur Franz (86), American film and TV actor, died in Oxnard, Ca. His numerous films included “The Sniper" (1952) and “Hellcats of the Navy" (1957).
    (SFC, 6/20/06, p.B5)
2006        Jun 17, British troops battled Taliban fighters near Kajaki dam in southern Helmand province killing six insurgents. One suicide attacker on a motorcycle detonated his explosives near a group of Afghan soldiers in southwestern Nimroz province, killing himself and wounding two soldiers and three bystanders. Seven militants and one police officer also were killed during a gunbattle that lasted until dawn in southern Kandahar.
    (AP, 6/18/06)
2006        Jun 17, Burundi's President Pierre Nkurunziza left to sign a cease-fire agreement with the country's last rebel group in neighboring Tanzania as his government works toward ending a 12-year conflict.
    (AP, 6/18/06)
2006        Jun 17, In Chechnya Russian police killed rebel leader Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev in a special police operation in his hometown of Argun. An intelligence agent and a police officer were killed in the operation. One rebel also was killed and two rebels escaped.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 17, In Haiti kidnappers seized Ed Hughes, a Canadian missionary, from his residence and demanded $45,000 in ransom. After 5 days the ransom was lowered to $10,000. Hughes lost an arm in December 2005 trying to stop the abduction of Haitian-American missionary Daniel Phelusmar. Hughes was shot and badly wounded in the arm. Phelusmar was held hostage for four days.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 17, A series of explosions struck commercial areas in Baghdad within hours, killing at least 17 people.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 17, In Indian Kashmir suspected militants shot dead the owner of a public telephone office and separately a former rebel who was working with counter-insurgency police.
    (AFP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 17, PM Fouad Siniora said Lebanon will complain to the UN about Israel after a Lebanese man confessed to killing Hezbollah and Palestinian guerrillas on May 26 on the orders of Israeli intelligence.
    (Reuters, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 17, In Libya engineer Ismail Al Khazmi (30) was arrested. He died from injuries while in detention. A medical report dated November 15, 2006, said he had died of natural causes from a heart attack. A 2nd autopsy, performed by a committee of three forensic medical doctors on September 11, 2007, concluded that his death was injury induced… from blows with a hard, blunt object of some sort. In 2010 the human rights groups Alkarama, Trial and Human Rights Watch charged that an investigation into his death was opened, but that it was blocked by General Saleh Ragab, Libya's public security secretary.
    (AFP, 11/20/10)(http://tinyurl.com/248e9wo)
2006        Jun 17, Mexican authorities in Guadalajara arrested Pedro Castorena, the leader of a far-flung ring that allegedly made and distributed forged immigration and identification documents in the US. Castorena was indicted in Denver last July on charges of conspiracy, fraud, misuse of visas and money laundering.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
2006        Jun 17, Slovaks voted in their first election since joining the EU, choosing between a record third term for PM Mikulas Dzurinda or a leftist pledging to overturn economic and social reforms. Smer, Slovakia's opposition leftist party led by Robert Fico, won the parliamentary elections, tapping into widespread public discontent over eight years of austere economic reforms.
    (AP, 6/17/06)(AP, 6/18/06)(Econ, 7/8/06, p.44)
2006        Jun 17, The leader of Somalia's increasingly powerful Islamic militia accused Ethiopian troops of crossing into the country, a charge Ethiopia denied.
    (AP, 6/17/06)
2006        Jun 17, Tamil Tiger rebels stormed a village in boats, firing grenade launchers at a police station near a navy base at the islet of Mannar. Military helicopters fired on the boats. Tiger rebels said they had killed 12 soldiers; the navy said three sailors were killed and eight were missing. The military said up to 30 rebels were killed in the fighting, but rebels acknowledged only two wounded. At least 52 people were killed as heavy sea and land battles erupted while Tamil Tiger rebels warned that the island would plunge in a "fatal war" if the military kept up air strikes. Sri Lankan troops stormed a church in Pesalai, a village north of Mannar, where some 200 Tamil civilians were seeking shelter, shooting and throwing grenades. The assault killed 5 people and injured 47.
    (AFP, 6/17/06)(AP, 6/18/06)(SSFC, 6/18/06, p.A23)
2006        Jun 17, In Zambia inflation was reported to have fallen under 10%. The local currency, the kwacha, gained strength as the economy improved due to a lower debt burden and government moves toward a more market-oriented economy.
    (Econ, 6/17/06, p.56)

2007        Jun 17, An enormous bomb ripped through a police academy bus at Kabul's busiest transportation hub, killing at least 35 people in the deadliest insurgent attack in Afghanistan since the US-led invasion in 2001. The dead included 22 police academy instructors and 13 bystanders. The Taliban claimed responsibility. In Paktika province US-led jets targeted a compound that also contained a mosque and a madrassa, or Islamic school, resulting in the death of seven boys, ages 10 to 16.
    (AP, 6/17/07)(AP, 6/18/07)(Econ, 6/23/07, p.51)
2007        Jun 17, CAR state radio said former rebels in the Central African Republic have signed a pact with the UN children's agency for the demobilization of hundreds of child soldiers.
    (AP, 6/17/07)
2007        Jun 17, President Nicolas Sarkozy looked set to win a powerful majority as the French voted in runoff elections for parliament. Sarkozy won a comfortable majority but not the crushing victory predicted in polls.
    (AP, 6/17/07)(AP, 6/18/07)
2007        Jun 17, Iran said it had received indications from Russia's president that he would not follow through with an offer to allow the US to use a radar station in neighboring Azerbaijan for missile defense against Tehran.
    (AP, 6/17/07)
2007        Jun 17, Baghdad sprang to life after a four-day curfew to thwart violence following a provocative attack on a Shiite shrine. A car bomb killed two Kurdish security agents in Iraq's oil-rich northern city of Kirkuk. A roadside bomb went off next to an Iraqi police patrol in Nasiriyah, wounding two policemen. US attack helicopters killed four suspects and wounded three in operations south of Baghdad. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb while on a foot patrol in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/17/07)(AP, 6/18/07)
2007        Jun 17, In Italy Gianfranco Ferre (b.1944), known as the "architect of fashion," died in Milan. He was the top designer for Christian Dior from 1989-1996.
    (SFC, 6/18/07, p.A2)(AP, 6/17/08)
2007        Jun 17, Authorities in Montenegro arrested Vlastimir Djordjevic, Serbia's assistant interior minister and chief of the Public Security Department (1997-2001), wanted for murder and persecution of ethnic Albanians in Kosovo.
    (AP, 6/17/07)
2007        Jun 17, Thousands of Pakistanis braved the rain in Faisalabad to cheer the country's top judge, keeping the pressure on President Pervez Musharraf to end a crisis over the chief justice's ouster.
    (AFP, 6/17/07)
2007        Jun 17, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas swore in an emergency Cabinet and outlawed the militia forces of the Islamic Hamas movement, deepening the violent rupture in Palestinian society.
    (AP, 6/17/07)
2007        Jun 17, A Syrian court found 7 pro-Democracy advocates guilty of endangering the state and sentenced them 5 to 7 years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/19/07, p.A7)

2008        Jun 17, Florida Gov. Charlie Crist, a potential vice presidential candidate for John McCain, reversed his long-standing opposition to oil drilling off the Florida coast.
    (WSJ, 6/18/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 17, In Oakland, Ca., police arrested Mark Chandler (33), leader of the Acorn gang, along with over 30 of his accomplices. They were linked to several homicides, carjackings, a series of restaurant robberies as well as drug and weapons trafficking.
    (SFC, 6/18/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 17, Neil Beagley (16) died in Oregon of complications from a urinary tract blockage. In 2010 a jury found parents Jeff and Marci Beagley, followers of Christ Church in Oregon City, guilty of criminally negligent homicide for praying over their ill son instead of seeking medical help. On March 8, 2010, Jeff and Marci Beagley were each sentenced to 16 months in prison on charges of criminally negligent homicide.
    (SFC, 2/3/10, p.A8)(SFC, 3/9/10, p.A4)
2008        Jun 17, Cyd Charisse (b.1922), film actress and dancer, died in Los Angeles. Her films included “Singin’ in the Rain" (1952), in which she partnered with Gene Kelly. She was born as Tula Ellice Finklea in Amarillo, Texas. She was married to singer-actor Tony Martin.
    (SFC, 6/18/08, p.A2)(SFC, 7/31/12, p.A7)
2008        Jun 17, Residents and officials said Taliban militants destroyed bridges and planted mines in several villages they control outside southern Afghanistan's largest city in apparent preparation for battle, as some 4,000 people or more fled the Arghandab district 10 miles northwest of Kandahar city. An explosion elsewhere killed 4 British soldiers in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/17/08)(AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 17, Brazil's environment minister said grain crushers have extended a two-year-old moratorium on the purchase of soybeans planted in areas of the Amazon rain forest cut down after 2006.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, The Rev. Henry Chadwick (b.1920), a Church of England priest and renowned scholar of the early centuries of Christianity, died. The first of his many books was a translation of "Contra Celsum" by Origen of Alexandria, the third century church father, published in 1953.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 17, China's Xinhua News Agency said recent flooding has killed 169 people in 12 provinces following several weeks of rains.
    (SFC, 6/17/08, p.A8)
2008        Jun 17, Egypt's state-owned news agency said Israel and Hamas have agreed on a truce to begin June 19.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, A human rights group said Iran has sentenced 177 people under the age of 18 to death over the past decade and has executed nearly three dozen of them.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, Iraq's deputy speaker said parliament will start holding sessions outside the US-protected Green Zone in the fall. Muhieddin Abdul-Hamid (50), an Iraqi state TV reporter, was shot to death near his apartment in Mosul. A suicide bomber on a motorcycle struck a Baghdad checkpoint manned by US-allied fighters, killing one and wounding four. A deadly truck bombing in a Baghdad Shiite neighborhood killed at least 65 people. A US spokesman believed the attack was carried out by a Shiite special group led by Haydar Mehdi Khadum al-Fawadi, described as a "murderous thug" seeking to incite violence "for his individual profit and gain."
    (AP, 6/17/08)(AP, 6/18/08)(SFC, 6/19/08, p.A2)
2008        Jun 17, In Japan serial killer Tsutomu Miyazaki (45), who mutilated the bodies of four young girls and reportedly drank the blood of one of his victims, was among three convicted murderers executed for crimes an official called indescribably cruel. Also executed were Shinji Mutsuda (45), who had been on death row for the murder and robbery of two people, and Yoshio Yamasaki (73), who was convicted of killing two people for the insurance money.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, In Lebanon overnight clashes between pro- and anti-government supporters left three people dead and four wounded in the east of the country.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, Lawmakers in Lithuania, where many still feel bitter about nearly 50 years of Soviet occupation, approved legislation to ban the display of Nazi and Soviet symbols, such as the swastika and the hammer and sickle. President Valdas Adamus was expected to sign the bill into law later in the month.
    (AP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 17, Mexico’s Pres. Felipe Calderon signed a constitutional amendment that threw open the doors to its judicial system, allowing US-style public trials and creating a presumption of innocence.
    (AP, 6/18/08)(WSJ, 6/18/08, p.A8)
2008        Jun 17, Nigerian police stormed the hideout of the kidnappers of Eunice Gideon, the wife of a senior Bayelsa state official and freed her. She was abducted two weeks ago and was freed in neighboring Rivers state after a gunbattle with the kidnappers.
    (AFP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, Norway passed a new equality law granting gay couples the same rights as heterosexuals to marry, adopt and undergo artificial insemination.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, In northwestern Pakistan gunmen killed four Shiite Muslims.
    (AP, 6/17/08)
2008        Jun 17, Two out of four Rwandan army officers being tried for their presumed role in the 1994 murder of 13 priests pleaded guilty at their first appearance in a Kigali court. The officers were accused of war crimes relating to the murder June 5, 1994, of 13 Catholic clerics, including three bishops.
    (AFP, 6/18/08)
2008        Jun 17, In Sri Lanka scattered fighting across the restive north killed 25 Tamil Tiger rebels and six soldiers.
    (AP, 6/18/08)

2009        Jun 17, The Obama administration proposed a sweeping overhaul of the financial system. An 88-page wish list of changes released by the Treasury Dept. would require the approval of Congress and included broad new powers for the Federal Reserve to supervise institutions considered to big to fail. It included a proposal for the creation of a Consumer Financial Protection Agency (CFPA).
    (SFC, 6/18/09, p.A1)(Econ, 6/20/09, p.77)
2009        Jun 17, A White House official said President Barack Obama, whose gay and lesbian supporters have grown frustrated with his slow movement on their priorities, is extending benefits to same-sex partners of federal employees but stopping short of a guarantee of full health insurance.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 17, The Obama administration said it will pump more than $130 million into the, Montana towns of Libby and Troy, where asbestos contamination has been blamed for more than 200 deaths.
    (AP, 6/18/09)
2009        Jun 17, Ten large US banks said they had repaid a total of $68 billion in bailout funds from the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP).
    (SFC, 6/18/09, p.C2)
2009        Jun 17, The number of Nebraska cattle herds quarantined because of bovine tuberculosis concerns jumped to 42 and Colorado and South Dakota were warned the disease may have already spread there.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 17, It was reported that security researchers at Finjan, a venture–funded security company in San Jose, have identified a sophisticated online network, called GoldenCashworld, that was used for buying and selling access to infected PCs. The network included tools for creating malicious code and stolen credentials for about 100,000 Web sites.
    (SFC, 6/17/09, p.C1)
2009        Jun 17, In southern Afghanistan 3 Danish soldiers were when a bomb exploded as their vehicle passed down Highway 1 heading toward the town of Barakhzai in Helmand province.
    (AFP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 17, In southeastern Algeria Islamist rebels ambushed a military convoy and killed at least 18 gendarmes and one civilian in the deadliest attack on government forces in the last six months. In 2011 a criminal court sentenced six people to death for the attack, for which Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility.
    (AFP, 6/18/09)(SFC, 6/19/09, p.A2)(AFP, 1/29/11)
2009        Jun 17, Belarus set up customs posts on its border with Russia for the first time in 14 years as a trade dispute between the two countries escalated.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 17, China and Russia expressed serious concern about tension on the Korean peninsula and, in the face of North Korea's rhetoric, joined international pressure for it to return to nuclear talks.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 17, In China’s Hubei province, the body of Tu Yuangao (24) was found in front of the Shishou city hotel. Xinhua News later said that Tu worked as a chef at the hotel and some believed he was killed by gangsters or by the hotel's boss, who is related to the city mayor. The Communist Party boss of Shishou and head of law enforcement were dismissed on July 25 for mishandling the violent protests that followed Yuangao’s death.
    (AP, 6/21/09)(AP, 7/25/09)
2009        Jun 17, In China 16 miners became stuck when the Xinqiao Coal Mine flooded in Henan province. 3 of the men were rescued on July 12.
    (AP, 7/13/09)
2009        Jun 17, Ralf Dahrendorf (80), German thinker and politician, died. He spent his life defining and defending liberty and wrote almost 30 books to this end.
    (Econ, 6/27/09, p.94)
2009        Jun 17, In Greece gunmen shot dead an anti-terrorist police officer guarding a witness in central Athens, in an escalation of domestic terrorist attacks in the country.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 17, Iranian opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi issued a direct challenge to the country's supreme leader and cleric-led system, calling for a mass rally to protest disputed election results and violence against his followers. International human rights organizations said that many prominent activists and politicians have been arrested in Iran in response to protests over the country's disputed presidential election.
    (AP, 6/17/09)(AP, 6/18/09)
2009        Jun 17, Iraqi forces acting on tips arrested Ahmed Abid Uwaid (45), a suspected al-Qaida in Iraq leader, who was believed to be a mastermind of the June 12 assassination Harith al-Obeidi, a prominent Sunni lawmaker in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/17/09)(SFC, 6/18/09, p.A3)
2009        Jun 17, In Mexico four teenagers were shot to death on a Ciudad Juarez street by gunmen wielding assault rifles. The four were between the ages of 16 and 18.
    (AP, 6/20/09)
2009        Jun 17, In Nigeria a Ukrainian plane made an emergency landing due to technical problems in the northern city of Kano. Eighteen crates of mines and ammunition, destined for Equatorial Guinea, were found aboard the aircraft. The crew and a Nigerian collaborator were detained and soon transferred to Abuja for questioning.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 17, Royal Dutch Shell said it had deferred shipments of crude oil from its Nigerian Forcados exports terminal for two months due to delays in repairing a key pipeline damaged by vandals.
    (AFP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 17, In northwest Pakistan tribesman seeking to avenge a deadly mosque bombing killed six Taliban. 22 suspected rebels were killed in the Swat Valley over the last 24 hours in an ongoing military offensive.
    (AFP, 6/17/09)(SFC, 6/18/09, p.A3)
2009        Jun 17, Somali government forces attacked rebel strongholds in Mogadishu, triggering battles that killed at least 17 people, including Col. Ali Said, the capital's police chief.
    (AP, 6/17/09)
2009        Jun 17, American engineers Raymond Tomlinson (b.1941) and Martin Cooper (b.1928), who were instrumental in developing e-mail and mobile phones, won one of Spain's prestigious Prince of Asturias awards for revolutionizing the way people communicate.
    (AP, 6/17/09)

2010        Jun 17, The Los Angeles Lakers basketball team won their 16th championship following a gritty 83-79 victory over the Boston Celtics.
    (AP, 6/18/10)
2010        Jun 17, The US Justice Dept. said it has arrested 485 people since March in the largest nationwide mortgage-fraud crackdown of its kind.
    (SFC, 6/18/10, p.D3)
2010        Jun 17, The US Agricultural Dept. announced that Campbell Soup Co. is recalling 15 million pounds of SpaghettiOs with meatballs after a cooker malfunctioned at one of the company's plants in Texas and left the meat undercooked.
    (AP, 6/18/10)
2010        Jun 17, Dr. Shinya Yamanaka (47), UCSF stem cell researcher, learned that he was awarded the $550,000 Kyoto Prize by Japan’s Inamori Foundation. He had discovered a technique for transforming adult skin cells into “pluripotent" stem cells without resorting to human embryos.
    (SFC, 6/18/10, p.C2)
2010        Jun 17, In Minnesota tornadoes ripped through Wadena, part of a turbulent system that fueled twisters across the state and killed at least three people.
    (AP, 6/18/10)
2010        Jun 17, Toyota said it will restart the delayed construction of its Mississippi plant, which will provide 2,000 jobs and be up and running by the fall of next year.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, Officials and reports said floods and landslides triggered by incessant monsoon rains in Bangladesh and Myanmar have killed more than 100 people.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, Brazil suspended retaliatory measures against US goods over a cotton subsidy dispute, freezing until 2012 a long-running row that has demonstrated the South American nation's trade clout.
    (Reuters, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, European Union leaders agreed tighter sanctions against Iran, including measures to block oil and gas investment and curtail its refining and natural gas capability.
    (Reuters, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, Iceland’s parliament voted to create what supporters hoped will be the world’s strongest protections for free speech and journalism, passing measures intended to make Iceland a safe haven for investigative reporting.
    (SFC, 6/18/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 17, In Iraq an anti-al-Qaida fighter and four family members were killed as they slept in their garden to escape the heat in a former insurgent stronghold west of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, In Israel tens of thousands of black-clad ultra-Orthodox Jews staged mass demonstrations to protest a Supreme Court ruling forcing the integration of a religious girls' school.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, Israel agreed to ease its three-year-old land blockade of the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip, hoping to quell international outrage over its deadly raid on a flotilla bound for the Palestinian territory.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, Japanese PM Naoto Kan's ruling party outlined its determination to rebuild the nation's finances and slash its deficit in its new manifesto ahead of elections next month.
    (AFP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, Human Rights Watch (HRW) released a report released saying Somalis seeking safety must first get past abusive Kenyan police trying to take what little they have left. Kenya's police rejected the report.
    (Reuters, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, The United Nations said some 400,000 people have been displaced by ethnic violence in southern Kyrgyzstan, dramatically increasing the official estimate of a crisis that has left throngs of desperate, fearful refugees without enough food and water in grim camps along the Uzbek border.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, In Kosovo Bajram Asllani (29) of Mitrovica was arrested and accused of being part of a terrorism plot that originated in North Carolina among people who planned attacks both at a US military installation and abroad.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, In Mexico police in southern Guerrero state found the bodies of two men who had been tortured in the town of Tepecoacuilco. In the northern border city of Ciudad Juarez, two 15-year-old girls were among 15 people killed in a 24-hour period. Soldiers acting on a tip raided 3 houses in Culiacan, Sinaloa state, and found over $1 million in cash, guns, drugs and expensive jewelry.
    (AP, 6/17/10)(AP, 6/18/10)(SFC, 6/19/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 17, A Dutch court sentenced five Somali pirates, the first to stand trial in Europe, to five years in prison for attacking a Dutch Antilles-flagged ship in 2009.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, Royal Dutch Shell PLC warned Nigeria that $40 billion of planned investments in the oil-rich nation could be in jeopardy if lawmakers pass a proposed bill to overhaul the petroleum industry. Government officials say the bill would allow more oil money to return to Nigeria's people. The bill also would require the government-run Nigerian National Petroleum Corp., which partners with all foreign oil firms, to seek profits like a private business and not rely on government subsidies.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, In Paraguay two police officers were killed in a confrontation with a guerrilla group in the north of the country. The clash involved five or six members of the Paraguayan People's Army. At least one guerrilla was wounded after the confrontation with a team of about 50 special agents.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, In Peru American activist Lori Berenson (40) apologized in a letter to Peru for her “crime of collaboration with terrorism." Berenson asked a government panel to commute her 20-year sentence for aiding the leftist Tupac Amuru Revolutionary Movement.
    (SFC, 6/18/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 17, Russia's children's rights ombudsman said Russian and US negotiators have agreed to set up licensed adoption agencies and allow monitors to visit the homes of adopted children as part of a new accord.
    (AP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, Russia PM Putin agreed to support a $1 billion joint US-Russian venture to drill for oil in the Black Sea. San Ramon, Ca., based Chevron and Russia’s state-owned Rosneft signed the agreement to develop the Val Shatsky deposit, which could contain up to 860 million tons of crude.
    (SFC, 6/18/10, p.D3)
2010        Jun 17, The United Nations said it will set up a panel to probe war crimes in Sri Lanka despite repeated protests from the island's hawkish government.
    (AFP, 6/17/10)
2010        Jun 17, Vietnam's communist-dominated National Assembly voted to replace firing squads with lethal injections. As of 2012 no executions were conducted because the EU refused to export the required lethal drugs.
    (AFP, 6/17/10)(SFC, 11/2/12, p.A2)

2011        Jun 17, A 90-day deadline passed on the American government, under the 1973 War Powers Resolution, for asking permission from Congress for continuing hostilities against Libya. Pres. Obama held that America’s supporting role no longer amounts to hostilities.
    (Econ, 6/25/11, p.44)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Powers_Resolution)
2011        Jun 17, In Arizona firefighters continued to battle the Wallow Fire, which thus far has consumed 773 square miles, the largest in state history. Containment was at 33%.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 17, In California government and corporate leaders broke ground on the $4 billion Blythe Solar Power Project in Riverside County, developed by Solar Millennium, a German firm.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.A8)
2011        Jun 17, In Connecticut former prep school dean Robert Reihhardt (46) was sentenced to 9½ years in prison for sexually abusing 4 students at The Gunnery.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 17, It was reported that scientists at Wake Forest have designed a brain implant that restores lost memory function and strengthens recall of new information in laboratory rats.
    (SFC, 6/17/11, p.A17)
2011        Jun 17, In Bahrain thousands of Shiites rallied outside Manama in the second mass demonstration organized by Al-Wefaq opposition group since a mid-March crackdown on pro-democracy protests.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Air Canada Inc and striking customer service workers reached a tentative contract agreement, settling on a compromise on the biggest obstacle to a deal: the issue of pension benefits and who should pay for them.
    (Reuters, 6/16/11)
2011        Jun 17, In Finland 6 parties across the political spectrum united to form a government, saving Finland from the embarrassment of having no prime minister at a key European Union summit next week.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Greek PM George Papandreou met the demands of his restive party by replacing his finance minister in a broad cabinet reshuffle that won strong support from markets, optimistic that crucial austerity measures will now be passed. Germany softened its position on giving Greece more help by agreeing with France that private investors would be involved only on a voluntary basis.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Guatemalan police arrested retired Gen. Hector Mario Lopez (81), a former military chief of staff in the mass killing of government opponents during the country's 36-year civil war. He was the highest-ranking official yet detained for massacres in the 1980s. Lopez was allegedly involved in about 200 massacres committed while he was chief of staff of the Guatemalan military between 1982 and 1983.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, In Iraq hundreds rallied in Baghdad's Tahrir Square in dueling pro- and anti-government demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, In Israel an explosion in a residential building in Netanya killed 3 people. The blast appeared to be due to a gas cylinder used for cooking fuel.
    (SFC, 6/17/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 17, The Ynet website reported that a Jerusalem rabbinical court has condemned to death by stoning a dog it suspects is the reincarnation of a secular lawyer who insulted the court's judges 20 years ago.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Italy signed an agreement with Libyan rebels meant to stem a stream of migrants fleeing unrest, prompting concerns at the UN refugee agency that people seeking asylum won't have proper protection.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Libyan rebels and pro-Gaddafi forces exchanged heavy artillery fire near the western city of Zlitan as the rebels tried to push deeper into government-held territory east of the capital. NATO warplanes dashed into the Libyan capital Tripoli, pounding a target in the south of the city and sending a thick cloud of black smoke rising high into the air.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, In Mexico a gunbattle between soldiers and suspected cartel gunmen left two suspects dead in the northern border city of Matamoros. The government of Veracruz state said five suspects died there following a shootout with state police and soldiers. 11 people were killed in the state of Veracruz when criminals attacked police and soldiers at a military checkpoint on a highway between the state capital of Xalapa and the port city of Veracruz.
    (AP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 17, Mexican customs inspectors say they've found more than $2.4 million in cash rolled up and stuffed into spools of telephone cable headed for Venezuela. Authorities say Venezuela is increasingly becoming a trans-shipment point for cocaine, and Mexican cartels often ship money back to South America to pay for the drugs.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Morocco's King Mohammed VI announced a series of constitutional reforms in a speech that he said will turn the North African country into a constitutional monarchy, though pro-democracy activists remain skeptical.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, A rocket fired during fighting in Pakistan's tribal region landed in eastern Afghanistan, killing four children in an area where militants launch attacks on US-led forces.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Several Saudi women boldly got behind the wheel, including one who managed a 45-minute trip through the nation's capital, seeking to ignite a road rebellion against the male-only driving rules in the ultraconservative kingdom.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, Spain’s attorney general said prosecutors are investigating 849 cases of newborn children stolen from their mothers and sold to other families for profit.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, The army of north Sudan shelled a town just south of the flashpoint Abyei border region, with tensions rising along the frontier just weeks before southern independence. Satellite images showed northern Sudanese military vehicles including heavy transports and artillery massing in the capital of the conflict-stricken Southern Kordofan state.
    (AFP, 6/17/11)(Reuters, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 17, Syrian security forces killed 19 people, including a 16-year-old boy, during anti-government protests. Thousands of people poured into the streets throughout Syria after prayers calling for the downfall of President Bashar Assad's regime. Security forces opened fire on protesters in the western coastal city of Banias.
    (AP, 6/17/11)(AFP, 6/17/11)(AP, 6/18/11)
2011        Jun 17, The United Nations issued its first condemnation of discrimination against gays, lesbians and transgender people in a cautiously worded declaration hailed by supporters including the United States as a historic moment.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, The UN Security Council approved 2 resolutions to unlink Al-Qaida and the Taliban and recognize their different agendas.
    (SFC, 6/18/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 17, In Venezuela thousands of National Guard troops stormed the El Rodeo I prison seeking to disarm inmates days after a bloody riot, setting off gunfights with resisting inmates that left at least two soldiers dead and 18 wounded.
    (AP, 6/17/11)
2011        Jun 17, The Virgin Islands government said it has transferred 66 male inmates to the US mainland to improve security at a prison that federal officials have said is out of control. Gov. John de Jongh said the transfer of inmates from the Golden Grove prison on the island of St. Croix to prisons in Virginia and Florida was planned months before the federal government requested to take over the prison.
    (AP, 6/18/11)

2012        Jun 17, In NYC thousands of protesters marched down Fifth Avenue to demand an end to the police department’s “stop-and-frisk" tactics.
    (SFC, 6/18/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 17, Rodney King (b.1965), whose videotaped beating by police in 1991 led to the L.A. riots, was found dead at the bottom of a swimming pool at his Rialto, California, home.
    (Reuters, 6/17/12)(SFC, 6/18/12, p.A6)
2012        Jun 17, Egyptians voted for a 2nd day in a presidential runoff pitting Hosni Mubarak's last prime minister against a conservative Islamist. Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood claimed nearly 52% of the vote to defeat Mubarak's last PM Ahmed Shafiq with about 48%. The military council issued an interim constitution just as polls were closing that gave the generals sweeping authority to maintain their grip on power and subordinate the nominal head of state. The interim constitution declared the military rulers the country's lawmakers in lieu of the dissolved parliament, gave them control over the budget and the power to determine who writes the permanent constitution that will define the country's future.
    (AP, 6/17/12)(AP, 6/18/12)
2012        Jun 17, France held legislative elections. Final results showed the Socialist Party won 280 seats, while two closely allied parties garnered a total of 34 seats, giving the Socialist-led bloc 314 seats.
    (AP, 6/18/12)
2012        Jun 17, Greece held national elections for the 2nd time in six weeks. Final results gave New Democracy 29.66% and 129 of 300 seats, followed by Syriza at 26.89% and 71 seats. The conservative New Democracy party lacked enough legislators to govern alone, and sought allies among the pro-bailout Socialists, who came in third at 12.3% and 33 seats.   
    (AP, 6/17/12)(AP, 6/18/12)(SFC, 6/18/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 17, In Greece a major fire south of Athens raged for the second day, as gale-force winds were rekindling the flames and three new fronts broke out.
    (AP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 17, In Indonesia a boat carrying at least 70 passengers and crew on board, went down after it was battered by waves up to five meters (16 feet) high in Maluku province. 12 people were rescued and 58 remained missing.
    (AFP, 6/17/12)(AP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 17, In Iraq bombings killed five people and wounded 34 others, after a bloody week that cost the lives of more than 100 people.
    (AFP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 17, In Nigeria bomb blasts damaged five churches in four cities in northern Kaduna state, injuring dozens of worshippers and leading to an immediate curfew. Suicide blasts on 3 churches carried out by Boko Haram Islamists and subsequent rioting killed at least 52 people.
    (AFP, 6/17/12)(AFP, 6/18/12)
2012        Jun 17, Two Palestinians, Anwar Abed Rabbo (35) and Naim al-Najjar (29), were shot dead by an Israeli truck driver after they tried to steal his vehicle in the south Hebron Hills.
    (AFP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 17, Sudanese riot police attacked a Khartoum student demonstration against high food prices, firing tear gas and beating some of the protesters with batons. Sudanese security agents seized all the copies of three independent newspapers, the latest such move in a week long crackdown on local independent dailies.
    (AFP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 17, Swiss voters decided that they have enough democracy already, dealing a heavy defeat to a proposal to hold more referendums on international treaties.
    (AP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 17, Syrian troops intensified their shelling of rebel-held neighborhoods in the central city of Homs as living conditions there deteriorate further. A watchdog said 10 people were killed across Syria, taking the weekend death toll to nearly 80.
    (AP, 6/17/12)(AFP, 6/17/12)
2012        Jun 17, Togolese authorities released three protest leaders, including the coordinator of Let's Save Togo.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 17, In southeastern Turkey prison inmates set mattresses and blankets alight overnight, starting a fire that killed 13 prisoners in the mostly-Kurdish and Arabic-speaking city of Sanliurfa.
    (AP, 6/17/12)

2013        Jun 17, President Barack Obama, speaking in Belfast, declared peace in Northern Ireland a "blueprint" for those living amid conflict around the world, while acknowledging that the calm between Catholics and Protestants will face further tests.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, The US Supreme Court ruled that states can't demand proof of citizenship from people registering to vote in federal elections unless they get federal or court approval to do so. The decision complicated efforts in Arizona and other states to bar voting by people who are in the country illegally.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, In Afghanistan insurgents fired rocket-propelled grenades and heavy machine guns into a convoy carrying goods to Kabul, killing 3 drivers and wounding two others. The police chief of Helmand province survived a suicide car bomb attack on his convoy that wounded 3 officers.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, In Brazil more than 100,000 people were in the streets for largely peaceful protests in at least eight big cities. Demonstrations in Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte were marred by vandalism and violent clashes with police. The wave of protests, which began over a hike in bus prices, was also in large part motivated by widespread images of Sao Paulo police last week beating demonstrators and firing rubber bullets during a march that drew 5,000.
    (AP, 6/18/13)
2013        Jun 17, Scientists reported that the use of airborne laser technology has allowed them to uncover a network of roadways and canals linking together Cambodia’s 1,200-year-old Angkor Wat temple complex.
    (SFC, 6/19/13, p.A5)
2013        Jun 17, In Canada Montreal’s new Mayor Michael Applebaum, who pledged to stamp out corruption at City Hall when he took office late last year, was arrested by Quebec's anti-corruption police squad. He faced 14 charges including defrauding the government and corruption in municipal affairs.
    (AP, 6/17/13)(SFC, 6/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 17, Canada said it has pledged an additional $98.4 million to Jordan to help the Arab country cope with the costly fallout from the worsening crisis next door in Syria.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, The semiannual TOP500 listing of the world's fastest supercomputers was released. It said the Tianhe-2, developed by the National University of Defense Technology in central China's Changsha city, is capable of sustained computing of 33.86 petaflops per second. The Tianhe-2, which means Milky Way-2, knocks the US Energy Department's Titan machine off the No. 1 spot. It achieved 17.59 petaflops per second.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, In France Airbus and Boeing both won pledges for big purchases of long-haul, wide-body jets, as the Paris Air Show got off to a robust, if rainy start.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, Officials in India said torrential rain and floods have killed at least 23 people in the northern state of Uttarakhand. 50 people remained missing.
    (SFC, 6/18/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 17, Iran's newly elected Pres. Hasan Rowhani pledged to follow a "path of moderation" and promised greater openness over the country's nuclear program, emphasizing messages from Western leaders since his victory that have brought cautious hope of new openings with Tehran.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, In Iraq 3 bomb attacks, including a blast in a roadside restaurant in Taji, killed 15 people.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, In Kenya police in Mombasa killed Kassim Omolo Otieno and Salim Mohammed Nero for suspected links with terrorists. Family and witnesses later said the suspects were arrested without a fight. One was handcuffed, one begged for his life and both were executed.
    (AP, 6/26/13)
2013        Jun 17, Father Lancelote Miguel Rodrigues (b.1923) died in Macau. The Malacca-born priest had played a crucial role in protecting waves of refugees that rushed to Macau, running away from the military conflicts that rocked the region.
    (Econ, 6/29/13, p.86)(http://tinyurl.com/luu8v7h)
2013        Jun 17, In Mozambique an assault by 100-150 opposition fighters on an arms depot in Sofala province killed 6 government troops and injured three others.
    (AP, 6/18/13)
2013        Jun 17, In northeastern Nigeria suspected Boko Haram militants opened fire on students taking exams in Maiduguri. 9 students were killed. The attack came hours after extremists attacked the Government Secondary School, a boarding school for seniors in Damaturu, Yobe state, killing 7 high school seniors and 2 teachers. The military said 2 soldiers and 2 jihadists also were killed in what developed into a five-hour shootout.. Suspected extremists also gunned down a group of fisherman on a river bank in Alau, 20 km outside Maiduguri.
    (AP, 6/18/13)(AP, 6/26/13)
2013        Jun 17, G8 leaders began meeting in Northern Ireland. They dedicated themselves to a political solution to Syria's bloody civil war, even as President Barack Obama and Russian President Vladimir Putin staked out diametrically opposite stands on which side deserves military support.
    (AP, 6/17/13) (AP, 6/18/13)
2013        Jun 17, Saudi Arabia said four more people have died from a new respiratory virus related to SARS, bringing the total number of deaths to 32 in the kingdom at the center of the growing crisis.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, A Gulf source told Reuters that Saudi Arabia had equipped fighters for the first time with shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles. Rebels said Riyadh had also sent them anti-tank missiles.
    (Reuters, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, Syrian troops clashed with rebels inside Aleppo and in the city's outskirts. A regime airstrike hit the village of Douweirina, a stronghold of an al-Qaida affiliated group fighting on the opposition's side.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, In Turkey labor unions and political foes of PM Recep Erdogan rallied by the thousands across the country, hoping to capitalize on weeks of initially small-scale protest to register broader discontent. The call to walk off the job had limited fallout beyond the demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/17/13)
2013        Jun 17, In Turkey Erdem Gunduz, a choreographer, began a silent and motionless stand in Taksim Square to protest police use of tear gas and water cannon to clear both the square and Gezi Park of thousands of demonstrators.
    (Econ, 6/22/13, p.56)(http://tinyurl.com/kh3yqve)
2013        Jun 17, Yemeni and American rights protesters staged a demonstration in front of the US Embassy in Sanaa, demanding release of Yemeni Guantanamo detainees.
    (AP, 6/17/13)

2014        Jun 17, Georgia inmate Marcus Wellons was executed by lethal injection for killing his neighbor (15) in 1989.
    (SFC, 6/18/14, p.A9)
2014        Jun 17, Missouri inmate John Winfield was executed by lethal injection for killing two St. Louis County women in 1996.
    (SFC, 6/18/14, p.A9)
2014        Jun 17, US authorities in Philadelphia arrested Johann Breyer (89) after a German warrant charged him with 158 counts of complicity in the killing of Jews while he was a guard at Auschwitz in 1944. Breyer died on July 22, hours before a ruling on his extradition to Germany.
    (SFC, 6/19/14, p.A9)(SFC, 7/24/14, p.A8)
2014        Jun 17, American Airlines said that it will cut nearly 80 percent of its flights to Venezuela in a dispute over revenue being held by the South American country.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, Anthony Goldschmidt (b.1942), American designer of posters for top movies, died in Los Angeles.
    (SSFC, 7/6/14, p.C9)
2014        Jun 17, Austrian police said a Romanian woman (40) was imprisoned, raped and repeatedly beaten in a house in Styria for more than a month before escaping when her attacker got drunk. Police arrested a Romanian man (49) in connection with the imprisonment and attacks.
    (Reuters, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, In southern Albania near-continuous gunfire rang out from the lawless village of Lazarat as hundreds more police arrived to battle well-armed marijuana growers who were trying to thwart a government crackdown.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, In England Nahid Almanea (31), a Saudi student, died after she was stabbed 16 times while walking on a public path in Colchester, northeast of London. She was wearing a full-length Muslim robe and a headscarf and had been studying English as part of an advanced degree program.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 17, Chinese premier Li Keqiang began his visit to Britain with a meeting with Queen Elizabeth II at Windsor Castle. He then traveled to central London for a formal inspection of British soldiers and a meeting with PM David Cameron at his office in Downing Street. Mr Li, who was accompanied by a large business delegation, formally agreed during the trip to commercial deals and investments worth £14bn ($24 billion) in areas such as energy and finance.
    (AP, 6/17/14)(Econ, 7/19/14, p.11)
2014        Jun 17, In China an accidental explosion killed 17 soldiers as they were stacking ammunition in Hengyang, Hunan province.
    (SFC, 6/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 17, In England a unanimous jury decision at Birmingham Crown Court found two Singaporean businessmen and a footballer guilty of involvement in a match-fixing conspiracy targeting English lower league games.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, Egypt released Abdullah Elshamy (26), a jailed Al-Jazeera journalist, citing health conditions. Elshamy had been on a hunger strike for over four months to protest his prolonged detention without charges.
    (SFC, 6/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 17, French riot police clashed with striking train workers, who hurled bottles and blocked traffic in anger over a bill to reform the state-run railway system.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, Iran and six world powers re-launched talks to rescue prospects for a deal on Tehran's nuclear activity by a July deadline.
    (Reuters, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, In Iraq pro-government Shiite militiamen killed nearly four dozen Sunni detainees after insurgents tried to storm a jail and free them northeast of Baghdad. 9 of the attackers were reported killed. The Iraqi military, however, insisted the inmates were killed when the attackers shelled the facility. In central Baghdad a sticky bomb attached to a car went off, killing 3 passengers and wounding 11 bystanders.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, In Iraq gunmen loyal to the rebel Free Syrian Army and Al-Qaeda's Syrian franchise Al-Nusra Front took control of Al-Qaim, the Iraqi side of a border crossing with Syria, after security forces withdrew. They had already controlled the Syrian side of the crossing.
    (AFP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, Israel’s security cabinet agreed to make more arrests, put up roadblocks and turn Palestinian houses into military observation posts to increase pressure on Hamas for the kidnapping of three youths after they left their religious school in a Jewish settlement on June 12.
    (Reuters, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, Kenya's president blamed political leaders inside Kenya for carrying out two nights of deadly attacks that killed at least 60 people in coastal communities, saying that despite claims of responsibility from al-Shabab, the Islamic extremists were not behind it.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, A Liberian judge sentenced 13 men to life in prison for "mercenary activity" in neighboring Ivory Coast in 2011-2012.
    (AP, 6/18/14)
2014        Jun 17, A Liberian a health official said 7 people believed to have the Ebola virus have died in recent days in the first deaths reported in Monrovia since the outbreak began. 16 people were now believed to have died from the virus in the West African country.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, In Nigeria at least 14 people were killed and 26 wounded in a bomb blast as soccer fans were viewing the Brazil-Mexico match in Damaturu, Yobe state. A “terror kingpin" was reported captured among 486 suspects in a convoy of 33 buses in Enugu state.
    (AP, 6/18/14)(SFC, 6/19/14, p.A6)
2014        Jun 17, Pakistani police clashed with followers of an anti-Taliban cleric critical of Pakistan's government in the eastern city of Lahore. The violence killed at least 7 people. Cleric Tahir-ul-Qadri is based in Canada but has a network of mosques and religious centers across Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/17/14)(SFC, 6/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 17, The Pakistani military said combat aircraft destroyed a bomb making factory in the tribal region of North Waziristan and at least 25 militants were killed in a wave of air strikes.
    (Reuters, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, The Syrian Islamic Council, a group of Sunni clerics that back the mainstream rebels, formally condemned ISIS as a stooge of Pres. Assad.
    (Econ, 6/21/14, p.46)
2014        Jun 17, Ukraine received 500 million euros ($680 million) from the EU to help stabilize the country and shore up its ailing economy.
    (AP, 6/17/14)
2014        Jun 17, In Ukraine Russian correspondent Igor Kornelyuk (37) died during surgery in a hospital after being wounded by mortar fire while on assignment in Luhansk. Sound engineer Viktor Denisov was also confirmed dead.
    (AP, 6/17/14)(SFC, 6/18/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 17, In central Ukraine an explosion rocked the main pipeline carrying Russian natural gas to the rest of Europe but a source at Russian gas producer Gazprom said the blast has not disrupted the gas flow.
    (Reuters, 6/17/14)

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