Today in History - June 19

Return to home

240 BCE    Jun 19, Eratosthenes estimated the circumference of Earth using two sticks.
    (DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/98)

1205        Jun 19, Pope Innocent III fired Adolf I as archbishop of Cologne.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1269        Jun 19, King Louis IX of France decreed all Jews must wear a badge of shame.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1312        Jun 19, Piers Gaveston, earl of Cornwall, was beheaded.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1341        Jun 19, Juliana van Falconieri, Italian saint, Swedish tenor, died.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1464        Jun 19, French King Louis XI formed a postal service.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1566        Jun 19, King James I (d.1625 at 59), son of Mary Queen of Scots, was born. James, aka King James VI of Scotland ruled Scotland from 1567-25 and England from 1603-25.
    (WUD, 1994, p.763)(WSJ, 4/16/97, p.A13)(DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/99)

1586        Jun 19, English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, N.C. after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in America.
    (DT, 6/19/97)(AP, 6/19/97)

1623        Jun 19, Blaise Pascal (d.1662), French mathematician, physicist, religious writer, was born. He affirmed that the heart has its reasons, which reason does not comprehend. The French mathematician invented the roulette wheel in an effort to create a perpetual motion machine. He formulated the first laws of atmospheric pressure, equilibrium of liquids and probability." All the troubles of man come from his not knowing how to sit still."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.123)(SFEC, 3/23/97, z1 p.7)(AP, 6/19/98)(AP, 5/28/99)(HN, 6/19/99)

1717        Jun 19, Johann Wenzel Anton Stamitz, composer, was born.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1747        Jun 19, Alessandro Marcello (77), composer, died.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1749        Jun 19, Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, French revolutionary (Committee of Public Safety), was born.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1754        Jun 19, The Albany Congress opened. New York colonial Gov. George Clinton called for the meeting to discuss better relations with Indian tribes and common defensive measures against the French. The attendees included Indians and representatives from Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island. Benjamin Franklin attended and presented his Plan of Union, which was adopted by the conference. The meeting ended on July 11.
    (AH, 2/06, p.45)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albany_Congress)

1757        Jun 19, The Second Coming of Christ occurs, according to the followers of Emanuel Swedenborg (the Church of the New Jerusalem).
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1783        Jun 19, Thomas Sully (d.1872) was born. Painter, British, Queen Victoria portrait painter; other style says b. Jun 8, 1783 O.S.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1778        Jun 19, General George Washington’s troops finally left Valley Forge after a winter of training. Washington left to intercept the British force on its way to New York City.
    (HN, 6/19/98)(MC, 6/20/02)

1786        Jun 19, Gen. Nathanael Greene died of sunstroke at his Georgia plantation.
    (ON, 12/01, p.12)

1794        Jun 19, Richard Henry Lee (b1732) statesman, Declaration of Independence signer, died.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1811            Jun 19, Samuel P. Chase (b.Apr 17, 1741), Supreme Court Justice (1798-1811), revolutionary, attorney, Declaration of Independence signer; died. Chase was served with 6 articles of impeachment by the House of Representatives in late 1804. Two more articles would later be added. The Jeffersonian Republican-controlled United States Senate began an impeachment trial against Justice Chase in early 1805. He was charged with political bias, but was acquitted by the Senate of all charges on March 1, 1805. To this day, he remains the only Supreme Court justice to be impeached.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Chase)

1820        Jun 19, Joseph Banks, English natural historian (Cook, Australia), died.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1821        Jun 19, The Ottomans defeated the Greeks at the Battle of Dragasani.
    (HN, 6/19/98)

1825        Jun 19, Gioacchino Rossini's "Il Viaggio a Reims," premiered. Rossini wrote the "IL Viaggio a Reims" opera to celebrate the coronation of Charles X. The libretto by Luigi Balocchi was intended to show all major European nationalities coming together to celebrate the event.
    (WSJ, 9/29/99, p.A20)(MC, 6/19/02)

1846        Jun 19, The New York Knickerbocker Club played the New York Baseball Club in the earliest recorded baseball game under a set of adopted rules at the Elysian Field, Hoboken, New Jersey. The score was: NY Nines 23, Knickerbockers 1 in 1 inning. It was played under Cartwright Rules.
    (DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/98)

1856        Jun 19, Elbert Hubbard (d.1915), US, editor, publisher, author (Message to Garcia), was born. "The love we give away is the only love we keep." "If you want work well done, select a busy man -- the other kind has not time." "To escape criticism -- do nothing, say nothing, be nothing."
    (AP, 7/22/97)(AP, 9/29/97)(AP, 12/12/98)(MC, 6/19/02)

1861        Jun 19, Loyal Virginians, in what would soon be West Virginia, elected Francis Pierpoint as their provisional governor.
    (HN, 6/19/98)

1862        Jun 19, Slavery was outlawed in U.S. territories. President Abraham Lincoln outlined his Emancipation Proclamation. News of the document reached the south and Texas through General Gordon Granger.
    (BEP, 1994)(DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/99)

1863        Jun 19, Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties).
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1864        Jun 19, Skirmish at Pine Knob Georgia.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1864        Jun 19, The CSS “Alabama" was sunk by the USS “Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France. The Alabama had captured, sank or burned 68 ships in 22 months.
    (DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/98)(HNQ, 11/28/00)

1865        Jun 19, Emancipation Day, also known as Juneteenth, was the day that Union General Granger informed Texas slaves that they were free. Blacks came to celebrate the day as Juneteenth Freedom Day.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, p.D3)(SFC, 6/18/04, p.B2)

1867        Jun 19, The first running of the Belmont Stakes horserace in the US. It later became part of the Triple Crown. Oldest of the three U.S. horse races that constitute the Triple Crown. The Belmont is named after August Belmont. The stakes is held in early June at Belmont Park, near Garden City, Long Island; the course is 1.5 mi (2,400 m).
    (HFA, ‘96, p.32)(SFEC, 5/30/99, Z1 p.8)(YB)
1867        Jun 19, Mexican Emperor Maximillian (35) was executed on the orders of Benito Juarez by a firing squad in Queretaro. The event was immortalized in a painting by Manet.
    (HN, 6/19/98)(SFEC, 11/7/99, p.T10)(PCh, 1992, p.505)(WSJ, 5/5/00, p.17)

1878        Jun 19, Immigrant English photographer Edward Muybridge settled a bet for Leland Stanford, governor of California and horse racing enthusiast. Stanford bet a friend that a galloping horse kept at least one hoof on the ground at all times. At the governor's training course in Palo Alto, Muybridge set up 12 cameras at trackside with shutters activated by tripwires. The resulting "motion" pictures, seen here in postcard form, proved that the horse did indeed raise all four hooves off the ground during its gallop. Muybridge's photographic methods were expanded by Thomas Edison to develop "an instrument which does for the eye what the phonograph does for the ear, which is the recording and reproduction of things in motion...."
    (HNPD, 6/19/98)

1884        Jun 19, Juan Bautista Alberdi (b.1810), Argentine politician, writer, died in Paris. His writings inspired Argentina’s 1853 constitution.
    (www.taringa.net/posts/21963/Juan-B.-Alberdi---El-Gran-Pensador.html)(Econ, 3/10/07, p.35)

1889        Jun 19, Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "The Man with the Twisted Lip."
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1896        Jun 19, Bessie Wallis Warfield Simpson, Duchess of Windsor, divorcee, was born.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1897        Jun 19, Moe Howard (d.5/4/75), comic actor born as Moses Horwitz, one of the Three Stooges (Curly's & Shemp's brother), was born in Brooklyn.
    (HN, 6/19/98)(DT, 6/19/97)
1897        Jun 19, Charles Cunningham Boycott (b.Mar 12, 1832) English land agent in Ireland, died in England. He was a faulty estate manager whose tenants "boycotted" him into poverty; when the crops failed and the farmers went broke, he unsympathetically gave them the choice of paying immediately or being evicted. The farmers retaliated and his staff quit. His family was isolated. This tactic gave us the word whose last name became part of the English language.
    (www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Charles-Cunningham-Boycott)

1900        Jun 19, Laura Hobson, novelist (Gentleman's Agreement), was born.
    (HN, 6/19/01)

1902        Jun 19, The US Senate voted in favor of Panama as the canal site. US support for a $40 million purchase was based on Congressional acceptance for a canal in Panama rather than Nicaragua, and the acquisition of land to serve as a canal zone.
    (HN, 1/18/99)(ON, 1/00, p.1)
1902        Jun 19, Guy Lombardo (d.11/5/1977) Canadian bandleader was born in London, Ontario. He played the sweetest music this side of heaven with his Royal Canadians and sold over 100 million records.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1902        Jun 19, John E E Dalberg, baron van Acton (69), English historian, died.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1903        Jun 19, Henry Louis Gehrig (d.6/22/1941) was born in New York City. He became first baseman for the New York Yankees and started 2,130 games consecutively: HALL OF FAMER; MVP '36; 7x World Series; .341 avg., 493 HRs; 2,721 hits, 1,990 RBIs. He died of a muscle wasting disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, now known by his name.
    (HN, 6/19/99)
1903        Jun 19, The young school teacher, Benito Mussolini, was placed under investigation by police in Bern, Switzerland.
    (HN, 6/19/98)

1906        Jun 19, Earl Bascom (rodeo showman and inventor: first side-delivery rodeo chute, first hornless bronc saddle, first one-handed bareback rigging), was born.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1910        Jun 19, Father's Day was celebrated in Spokane Washington. Sonora Smart Dodd of Spokane, Washington, has been credited with the concept for Father's Day. Dodd sought a way to honor her own father, who had raised her as a single parent. In 1924 the holiday was approved by President Calvin Coolidge and, in 1972, President Richard Nixon officially recognized the third Sunday in June as Father's Day. An earlier observance of Father's Day actually took place in Fairmont, West Virginia on July 5, 1908. The special day was organized by Mrs. Grace Golden Clayton, who wanted to celebrate the lives of the 210 fathers who had been lost in the Monongah Mining disaster several months earlier, on December 6, 1907.
    (AP, 6/19/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Father%27s_Day)

1912        Jun 19, A new labor law is passed by Congress, extending the 8-hour working day to all workers under federal contract.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1914        Jun 19, Alan Cranston, former Sen., D-Calif., was born.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1914        Jun 19, Harry Lauter, actor (Waterfront), was born in White Plains, NY.
    (MC, 6/19/02)
1914        Jun 19, The comic strip "Captain and the Kids" debut in newspapers.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1917        Jun 19, King George V ordered the British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames. The family took the name “Windsor." [see Jun 17, Jul 17]
    (DT, 6/19/97)(MC, 6/19/02)

1919        Jun 19, Pauline Kael, American movie critic, was born. She wrote I lost it at the Movies.
    (DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/99)
1919        Jun 19, Mustafa Kemal founded the Turkish National Congress at Angora (later Ankara) and denounced the Treaty of Versailles.
    (HN, 6/19/98)

1921        Jun 19, Howell Heflin, senator from Alabama, was born.
    (HN, 6/19/98)
1921        Jun 19, Turks and Christians of Palestine signed a friendship treaty against Jews.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1922        Jun 19, Aage Nills Bohr, physicist, study atomic nucleus (Nobel 1975), was born in Denmark.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1923        Jun 19, "Moon Mullins", Comic Strip, made its debut.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1926        Jun 19, The first black musician, DeFord Bailey, appeared on Nashville's Grand Ole Opry show. 40 years later, Charley Pride, the most successful black country performer ever, achieved a similar feat.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1926        Jun 19, The opera “King Roger," composed by Polish composer Karol Szymanowski (1882-1937), premiered in Warsaw.
    (Econ, 8/23/08, p.73)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Roger)

1931        Jun 19, The first commercial photoelectric cell was installed in West Haven Ct.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1932        Jun 19, Hailstones killed 200 in Hunan Province, China PR.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1933        Jun 19, France granted Leon Trotsky political asylum.
    (HN, 6/19/98)

1934        Jun 19, The first movie of the sun was taken.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1934        Jun 19, President Roosevelt signed the US Communications Act. It established the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to supervise radio, telegraph and telephone communications.
    (WSJ, 11/3/97, p.A20)(AP, 6/19/06)
1934        Jun 19, The US National Archives and Records Administration was established under Pres. Franklin Roosevelt.
    (HN, 6/19/98)(WSJ, 12/29/05, p.B1)

1936        Jun 19, Max Schmeling of Germany knocked out Joe Louis in their first fight in NYC.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Louis_vs._Max_Schmeling)

1937        Jun 19, The town of Bilbao, Spain, fell to the Nationalist forces.
    (HN, 6/19/98)
1937        Jun 19, James M. Barrie (b.1860), Scottish writer (Dear Brutus, Peter Pan), died. In 2004 the film "Finding Neverland," was based on Barrie’s life.
    (www.angus.gov.uk)(AP, 9/5/04)

1938        Jun 19, In Montana 47 people were killed when a railroad bridge in Montana collapsed, sending a train known as the "Olympian Flyer" hurtling into Custer Creek. A cloudburst caused the bridge to collapse sending a locomotive and 7 passenger cars into the creek.
    (AP, 6/19/08)(SFC, 6/19/09, p.D10)

1940        Jun 19, German 7th Armour division under gen-maj Rommel occupied Cherbourg.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1941        Jun 19, US president Roosevelt signed Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1941        Jun 19, Cheerios Cereal was invented, O-shaped cereal 1/2-inch diameter, .0025 ounce, 400=1 serving; first called Cheerie Oats.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1941        Jun 19, Romania ordered Jews to evacuate Darabani.
    (MC, 6/19/02)

1942        Jun 19, Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrived in Washington D.C. to discuss the invasion of North Africa with President Roosevelt.
    (HN, 6/19/98)
1942        Jun 19, In Czechoslovakia PM Alois Elias, sentenced to death in October 1941 for high treason and espionage, was executed. In 2006 his ashes were buried with state honors.
    (AP, 5/7/06)

1943        Jun 19, "Sheik Of Araby" by Spike Jones & the City Slickers made the Pop Chart; will peak at #19.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1944        Jun 19, The Battle of the Philippine Sea (Battle of the Marianas), called the "Marianas Turkey Shoot," began when Japanese naval forces attacked the stronger U.S. naval forces. 280 Japanese planes were shot down by U.S. carrier- based planes and anti-aircraft fire from U.S. ships. Americans shoot down 220 Japanese planes while only losing 20.
    (BEP, 1994)(DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/98)
1944        Jun 19, “Ace of Aces" David McCampbell (1910-1996) and the Fabled 15 challenged 80 Japanese carrier based aircraft bearing down on an American fleet. He shot down 7 Zeroes and the group routed the enemy fliers at the Battle of the Marianas.
    (SFC, 7/3/96, p.C4)

1945        Jun 19, Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar poet, Nobel peace laureate (1991), was born.
    (DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/01)
1945        Jun 19, Tobias Wolff, American writer (This Boy's Life: A Memoir, The Night in Question), was born.
    (HN, 6/19/01)
1945        Jun 19, Millions of New Yorkers turned out to cheer Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, who was honored with a parade.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1946        Jun 19, "Anna & The King Of Siam", Motion Picture, with Irene Dunne & Rex Harrison, opened in theaters.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1946         Jun 19, The first title match in boxing to be televised takes place in New York City, as Joe Louis defeated Billy Conn for the heavyweight championship. Three NBC TV stations carried the fight.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Conn)

1947        Jun 19, Salman Rushdie, author of “Satanic Verses," was born. His life was later threatened in the Muslim world for what was considered a sacrilegious book.
    (HN, 6/19/99)
1947        Jun 19, The Tucker automobile premiered in Chicago.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1947        Jun 19, The first plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph) was flown by Albert Boyd in Muroc, California.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1948        Jun 19, The first successfully produced microgroove 33 1/3 rpm, long-playing, records were unveiled by Dr. Peter Goldmark of Columbia Records. Plans to phase out 78's followed. Unlike the average record which held 8 minutes of music, this new record could hold 45 minutes.
    (Hartford Courant, 6/21/48, p.7)
1948        Jun 19, Panama & Costa Rica recognized Israel.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1948        Jun 19, USSR blocked access road to West Berlin.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1951        Jun 19, President Harry S. Truman signed the Universal Military Training and Service Act, which extended Selective Service until July 1, 1955 and lowered the draft age to 18.
    (HN, 6/19/98)

1952        Jun 19, The celebrity-panel game show "I've Got A Secret" made its debut on CBS-TV with Garry Moore as host.
    (AP, 6/19/07)

1953        Jun 19, Julius (b.5/12/1918) and Ethel Rosenberg (b.9/28/1915), convicted of passing U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union during World War II, were executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York. The Supreme Court had vacated a stay granted by Justice William O. Douglas and President Eisenhower refused to intervene, despite a massive worldwide campaign to free them. In 1983 Ronald Radosh and Joyce Milton authored “The Rosenberg File." In 2001 Sam Roberts authored “The Brother," an account of David Greenglass, the younger brother of Ethel Rosenberg and star witness against her and Julius. In 2008 Morton Sobell (91), a former Soviet spy who had spent nearly 20 years in Alcatraz, fingered Julius Rosenberg as a fellow Soviet spy, but not Ethel.
    (TL, 1988, p.114)(BEP, 1994)(WSJ, 10/1/01, p.A22)(WSJ, 9/25/08, p.A19)
1953        Jun 19, Egypt was proclaimed a republic. Lieutenant Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser became premier.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685)

1954        Jun 19, Kathleen Turner (actress: Body Heat, Peggy Sue Got Married, Romancing the Stone, voice of Jessica Rabbit in Roger Rabbit), was born.
    (MC, 6/19/02)
1954        Jun 19, The Tasmanian Devil, a Cartoon Character, made its debut in 'Devil May Hare' by Warner Bros.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1955        Jun 19, Mickey Mantle hit his career HR # 100.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1956        Jun 19, Jerry Lee Lewis's "Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On" debuted on the national pop music charts.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1956        Jun 19, Jerry Lewis and Dean Martin no longer wished to film together after 16 films.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1956        Jun 19, Marilyn Monroe & Arthur Miller were married.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1957        Jun 19, 40 years ago, Walt Disney's movie "Johnny Tremain" was released in movie theaters.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1958        Jun 19, "The Lux Show Starring Rosemary Clooney", TV Variety; last aired on NBC.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1958        Jun 19, In Washington, D.C. nine entertainers refused to answer a congressional committee’s questions on communism.
    (HN, 6/19/98)
1958        Jun 19, Entrepreneurs Richard Knerr and Arthur Melin sought a trademark for a plastic cylinder based on a similar toy in Australia. Wham-O began selling the Hula Hoop following a demonstration of a rattan hoop imported from Australia. After one year teenagers in the US purchased some 100 million hoops at a suggested retail price of $1.98.
    (SFC, 7/1/02, p.B5)(SFC, 6/19/08, p.C3)

1960        Jun 19, Grand Ole Opry member Loretta Lynn made her debut on the country charts with her first single release, "Honky Tonk Girl," on the Zero label.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1961        Jun 19, R.C., "Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)" by The Coasters peaked at #23 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1961        Jun 19, R.C., "Peanut Butter" by The Marathons (The Vibrations) peaked at #20 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1961        Jun 19, R.C., "Rama Lama Ding Dong" by The Edsels peaked at #21 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1961        Jun 19, The U.S. Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state officeholders to profess a belief in the existence of God.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1961        Jun 19, Kuwait regained complete independence from Britain along with Qatar, Bahrain
    (NG, 5/88, p.662)(DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/98)

1963        Jun 19, Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova returned to Earth after spending nearly three days as the first woman in space.
    (DT, 6/19/97)(HN, 6/19/98)

1964        Jun 19, The Beatles release the EP "Long Tall Sally."
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1964        Jun 19, The Civil Rights Act of 1964 survived an 83-day filibuster in the US Senate, and was approved by a vote of 73-27. Pres. Johnson passed the Civil Rights Act that guaranteed the vote for everyone and that prohibited segregation in public places. Sex was added to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act and outlawed discrimination on the basis of sex in the labor market.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1964)(LSA, Spg/97, p.19)(AP, 6/19/06)
1964        Jun 19, In SF publicist Davey Rosenberg (1937-1986) persuaded waitress Carol Doda (b.1937) to don a Rudi Gernreich topless bathing suit at the Condor Club. She soon had her size-34 breast injected with silicon, and her bust came to be known as Doda's "twin-44s" and "the new Twin Peaks of SF." Her fame prompted the club to erect a neon sign with blinking nipples that lasted to 1991.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carol_Doda)(SFEC, 8/1/99, DB p.32)(SSFC, 9/11/11, DB p.46)

1965        Jun 19, R.C., "I Can't Help Myself" by Four Tops peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1965        Jun 19, Air Marshall Nguyen Cao Ky became South Vietnam’s youngest premier at age 34.
    (HN, 6/19/98)
1965        Jun 19, Col. Houari Boumedienne (1932-1978) overthrew Pres. Ahmed Ben Bella, Algeria's first civilian president. Abdelaziz Bouteflika was Boumedienne's right-hand man.
    (SFEC, 4/18/99, p.A22)(www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0107272.html)

1966        Jun 19, French archeologist Pierre Montet (b.1885), renowned for his excavations at Tanis, Egypt, died in Paris. In 1958 he published an account of his discoveries titled “La Necropole Royale de Tanis."
    (Arch, 5/05, p.25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Montet)

1967        Jun 19, Beatle Paul McCartney, having admitted in Queen Magazine that he had taken LSD, repeated the admission on television.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_McCartney)

1968        Jun 19, Some 50,000 marched on Washington, DC, to support the Poor People's Campaign. Rev. Jesse Jackson preached “I Am Somebody" at Resurrection City, a tent city set up in front of the White House. In 1971 he turned the speech into a poem for Sesame Street.
    (http://cheyannescampsite.blogspot.com/2008_06_15_archive.html)(SFC, 7/5/96, BR, p.6)(HN, 6/19/98)

1969        Jun 19, R.C., "Jumping Jack Flash" by the Rolling Stones peaked at #1 on the U.K. pop singles chart.
    (DT, 6/19/97)

1970        Jun 19, "The Tim Conway Show", TV Comedy, last aired on CBS after 13 episodes.
    (www.tvrage.com/The_Tim_Conway_Show_1970)
1970        Jun 19, Edward Heath (1916-2005) began serving as Britain’s prime minister and continued to 1974. Derek George Rayner (d.1998 at 72), later Lord Rayner, soon joined the government to centralize defense procurement for PM Edward Heath. Margaret Thatcher served as his education secretary.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Heath)(Econ, 3/19/05, p.32)(SFC, 7/18/05, p.B6)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.27)
1970        Jun 19, A. Nikolayev and V. Sevastyanov returned after 18 days in Russia’s Soyuz 9.
    (www.astronautix.com/flights/soyuz9.htm)

1971        Jun 19, The song "Rainy Days And Mondays" by the Carpenters peaked at #2 on the pop singles chart.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5caxet)
1971        Jun 19, R.C., "It's Too Late" by Carole King peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart and stayed there for five weeks.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/It's_Too_Late_(Carole_King_song))

1972        Jun 19, Ronald L. Ziegler, the president's Press Secretary, characterized the break-in that had occurred two days earlier at the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate, "a third-rate burglary." Links between the burglars and White House consultant E. Howard Hunt and the Committee to Reelect the President soon surfaced, leading to the Watergate scandals that resulted in the resignation of President Nixon on August 9, 1974.
    (HNQ, 6/19/98)
1972        Jun 19, Two days after the botched Watergate break-in, FBI official W. Mark Felt secretly assured Bob Woodward that The Washington Post could safely make a connection between the burglars and a former CIA agent linked to the White House, E. Howard Hunt. Woodward’s secret source for information became known as Deep Throat, and Felt’s name was not made public until 2005. In 2006 Mark Felt and John O’Connor authored “A G-Man’s Life: The FBI, Being “Deep Throat," and the Struggle for Honor in Washington."
    (http://tinyurl.com/cva26)(SSFC, 5/21/06, p.M3)
1972        Jun 19, The US Supreme Court voted 5-3 to confirm lower court rulings in the Curt Flood case, which upheld baseball's exemption from antitrust laws.
    (http://supreme.justia.com/us/407/258/)

1973        Jun 19, Pres. Nixon met with Russia’s leader Leonid Brezhnev at the White House.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonid_Brezhnev)
1973        Jun 19, The US Congress passed the Case-Church Amendment which forbade any further US military involvement in Southeast Asia, effective August 15, 1973. The veto-proof vote was 278-124 in the House and 64-26 in the Senate. The Amendment paved the way for North Vietnam to wage yet another invasion of the South, this time without fear of US bombing.
    (www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)
1973        Jun 19, The stage production of "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" opened in London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Rocky_Horror_Show)

1974        Jun 19, Pres. Nixon returned from a 9-day visit to the Middle-East, where he met with leaders of Egypt, Syria, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Jordan.
    (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=4267)

1975        Jun 19, Sam Giancana (b.1908), Italian-American mob boss, was murdered at his home in Oak Park, Ill. He had a romance with Phillis McGuire, of the McGuire Sisters vocal group, and was credited with assisting John F. Kennedy in efforts to win the presidential election. A movie was made in 1995 that depicts the Giancana-McGuire romance.
    (WSJ, 11/16/95, p.A-18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Giancana)

1976        Jun 19, Bette Midler's concert at the Cleveland Music Hall became HBO's premiere "Standing Room Only" presentation.
    (www.allbusiness.com/services/motion-pictures/4921414-1.html)
1976        Jun 19, The US Viking 1 went into Martian orbit after a 10-month flight from earth.
    (www.activemind.com/Mysterious/Topics/Mars/exploration.html)

1977        Jun 19, Pope Paul VI proclaimed a 19th-century Philadelphia bishop, John Neumann, the first male US saint.
    (AP, 6/19/07)

1978        Jun 19, America's favorite lasagna-loving cat, Garfield, created by Jim Davis, first appeared in newspapers as a comic strip.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garfield)
1978        Jun 19, "Best Little Whorehouse..." opened at 46th St NYC for 1584 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4066)

1979        Jun 19, In Mali presidential and general elections were held. Moussa Traore was elected President and Mady Sangare was elected as Speaker of the National Assembly.
    (www.etat.sciencespobordeaux.fr/_anglais/chronologie/mali.html)

1981        Jun 19, Boeing commercial Chinook 2-rotor helicopter was certified.
    (http://avia.russian.ee/helicopters_eng/bvertol_234.php)
1981        Jun 19, European Space Agency's Ariane carried two satellites into orbit.
    (www.arianespace.com/site/news/feature_12_19_05.html)

1982        Jun 19, Asia's first album topped the album charts.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Number-one_albums_of_1982_(U.S.))
1982        Jun 19, In a case that galvanized Asian-Americans, Vincent Chin (27), a Chinese-American engineering student, was beaten to death outside a nightclub in Highland Park, Mich., by autoworker Ronald Ebens. Two unemployed auto workers mistook Chin for being Japanese. Each one was sentenced to 3 years probation.
    (AP, 6/19/97)(SFEC, 2/6/00, Rp.10)

1984        Jun 19, The first live TV appearance by Chief Justice Warren Burger (Nightline).
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1984-6/1984-06-19-ABC-10.html)

1985        Jun 19, In El Salvador 4 off-duty US Marines and 9 others were killed at sidewalk restaurants in the Zona Rosa section of San Salvador. Pedro Antonio Andrade Martinez (aka Mario Gonzalez), a Marxist guerrilla, was one of the reputed masterminds of the massacre. Andrade later became an informant for the CIA and sought US asylum. Andrade was deported from the US in 1997.
    (SFC, 11/22/96, p.A21)(SFC,11/6/97, p.C3)

1986        Jun 19, Artificial heart recipient Murray P. Haydon (59) died in Louisville, Ky., after 16 months on the man-made pump.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
1986        Jun 19, University of Maryland basketball star Len Bias, the first draft pick of the Boston Celtics, suffered a fatal cocaine-induced seizure.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
1986        Jun 19, Argentina beat West Germany 3-2 in soccer's 13th World Cup in Mexico.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986_FIFA_World_Cup)

1987        Jun 19, The US Supreme Court in Edwards vs. Aguilard (7-2) struck down a Louisiana law requiring any public school teaching the theory of evolution to also teach creationism science as well.
    (www.positiveatheism.org/writ/berra.htm)(Econ, 7/30/05, p.31)
1987        Jun 19, Vermont’s Ben & Jerry Ice Cream & Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia announce new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia.
    (www.foodreference.com/html/html/june19.html)(http://tinyurl.com/ptccd)
1987        Jun 19, In Spain a bombing killed 21 people and injured 45. In 2003 two top members of the outlawed Basque separatist group ETA were sentenced to 790 years in prison. The Hipercor bombing was a car bomb attack by the Basque separatist organisation ETA at the Hipercor shopping centre on Avinguda Meridiana, Barcelona, Spain.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987_Hipercor_bombing)(AP, 7/26/03)

1988        Jun 19, Leaders of the world's seven wealthiest industrial democracies opened a three-day economic summit in Toronto.
    (AP, 6/19/98)
1988        Jun 19, Michael Jackson led a rock concert in West Berlin.
    (AP, 7/30/09)

1989        Jun 19, Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose sued baseball, arguing that Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti should be prevented from hearing allegations that Rose had gambled on baseball games.
    (AP, 6/19/99)
1989        Jun 19, The government of Burma renamed the country Myanmar. Rangoon was renamed Yangon.
    (SFC, 5/7/02, p.A9)

1990        Jun 19, Opening statements were presented in the drug and perjury trial of Washington DC Mayor Marion S. Barry Junior. Barry was later convicted of a single count of misdemeanor drug possession, and sentenced to six months in prison.
    (AP, 6/19/00)
1990        Jun 19, NYC's Zodiac killer shot a 4th victim, Larry Parham, who survived.
    (http://karisable.com/skazzodiac.htm)

1991        Jun 19, Newly elected Russian President Boris Yeltsin lobbied Congress during a Washington visit as he sought closer ties.
    (AP, 6/19/01)
1991        Jun 19, Two of Mia Farrow's daughters were arrested in Danbury, Conn., for shoplifting lingerie.
    (http://tinyurl.com/phgu8)
1991        Jun 19, Actress Jean Arthur died at age 90.
    (AP, 6/19/01)
1991        Jun 19, Pablo Escobar, head of Colombia’s Medellin drug cartel, surrendered to authorities.
    (AP, 6/19/01)
1991        Jun 19, Five Cubans stole and flew a Russian-made Antonov AN-2 biplane to Miami.
    (http://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=82602&page=2#.T3eeOtnNlPs)

1992        Jun 19, "Batman Returns", Motion Picture, opened with $47.7 million for the weekend with a record breaking $16.8 million in its first day. It starred Michael Keaton, Danny Devito, and Michelle Pfeiffer.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1992        Jun 19, "A Perfect Score" TV Game Show debut on CBS.
    (www.televisionheaven.co.uk/atozp.htm)
1992        Jun 19, "The Hollywood Game" (TV Game Show) debut on CBS.
    (http://tinyurl.com/b8ayd)
1992        Jun 19, Marc Louis Bazin (1932-2010) became prime minister of Haiti and served for one year.
    (AP, 6/17/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marc_Bazin)
1992        Jun 19, Russian President Boris Yeltsin addressed the Canadian Parliament, saying his country had abandoned totalitarianism for democracy.
    (AP, 6/19/97)

1993        Jun 19, R.C., "Touch My Light" by Big Mountain peaked at #51 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1993        Jun 19, R.C., "Come Undone" by Duran Duran peaked at #7 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1993        Jun 19, R.C., "Have I Told You Lately" by Rod Stewart peaked at #5 on the pop singles chart.
    (DT, 6/19/97)
1993        Jun 19, Sir William Golding (b.9/19/1911), English Nobel Prize-winning author (1983), died at his home in Cornwall, England, at age 81. His novel “Lord of the Flies" was published in 1954. other novels included “Pincher Martin" (1956) and “The Inheritors" (1955). In 2009 John Carey authored “William Golding: The Man Who Wrote Lord of the Flies."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_G._Golding)(AP, 6/19/98)(Econ, 9/5/09, p.93)
1993        Jun 19, Abraham Kaplan (b.1918), American philosopher, died. He is best for being the first philosopher to systematically examine the behavioral sciences in his book "The Conduct of Inquiry" (1964). He dubbed “duologue" as a conversation in which neither party listened to the other.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Kaplan)(Econ, 8/16/14, p.64)

1994        Jun 19, Former President Jimmy Carter, just returned from North Korea, said he believed the crisis with Pyongyang was over following talks with North Korean President Kim Il Sung on how to resolve the nuclear issue.
    (AP, 6/19/99)

1995        Jun 19, The Richmond Virginia Planning Commission approved plans to place a memorial statue of tennis professional Arthur Ashe.
    (HN, 6/19/00)
1995        Jun 19, Jennifer Lea Evans (21), a vacationing college student, was killed outside a Virginia Beach nightclub. Navy SEAL trainees Dustin Turner and his best friend, Billy Joe Brown, were convicted for the same crime. When they were arrested, each man accused the other of being the killer. In 2009 Brown said he killed Evans with no help from Turner. Brown said he wanted to tell the truth after almost 13 years because he had found religion in prison. A court soon overturned the convictions against Turner (33).
    (SFC, 8/5/09, p.A4)(http://freedusty.com/Story/Dusty_Story.html)
1995        Jun 20, US Air Force Captain Jim Wang, a radar officer, was cleared of wrongdoing in a friendly fire attack on 2 US helicopters over northern Iraq in 1994 that resulted in 26 deaths.
    (AP, 6/20/00)
1995        Jun 19, Murray Dickie (b.1924), opera singer, director, died.
    (http://catless.ncl.ac.uk/Obituary/1995/theatre.html)
1995        Jun 19, Chechen rebels and more than 100 human shields rode a convoy of buses back to Chechnya following the end of a hostage drama at a Russian hospital.
    (AP, 6/19/00)
1995        Jun 19, Chinese-American human rights activist Harry Wu was detained as he tried to enter China; he was jailed for 66 days before being expelled. 
    (AP, 6/19/00)(SFC, 5/19/96, Z1, p.3)

1996        Jun 19, Chief executives from seven states, police, state attorneys general and members of Congress met with President Clinton at the White House to discuss ways of stopping the recent torching of black churches.
    (AP, 6/19/97)
1996        Jun 19, New York City police announced that a shooting suspect in custody had been linked to the "Zodiac" shootings that terrorized New Yorkers in the early 1990's.
    (AP, 6/19/97)
1996        Jun 19, In Angola a new national army began to be formed.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 19, A new mandated manpower list revealed that the Honduran army is comprised of 12,115 troops, including 12 generals and 2,013 officers. Soldiers in Honduras are not allowed to vote.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A9)
1996        Jun 19, The European Union approved a British plan for wiping out “mad cow" disease.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 19, In Malaysia a court order stopped work on the $5.4 billion Bakun Dam due to violation of environmental laws.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 19, Mexico will repay $4.7 billion of the $10.5 billion in US Treasury borrowings from last year.
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, p.A1)
1996        Jun 19, A pending application for membership in the International Air Transport Association by North Korea could be accepted as early as next month.
    (WSJ, 6/18/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 19, Boris Fyodorov, former leader of Russia’s National Sports Fund, was shot and stabbed on a Moscow street. He had been arrested on drug charges last month. He was also chairman of the National Credit Bank, which used tax breaks that cost the government $2 billion, to import cigarettes and liquor. The Sports Fund has ordered an audit.
    (WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A14)

1997        Jun 19, President Clinton welcomed world leaders to Denver on the eve of an economic summit.
    (AP, 6/19/98)
1997        Jun 19, McDonald's won a libel case in London against two vegetarian activists, even though the judge said he agreed with some of the defendants' sharpest criticisms of the fast-food giant.
    (AP, 6/19/98)
1997        Jun 19, In Michigan three teenagers from Highland Township and Davisburg hopped a train and got off in Flint. They ran into some strangers who shot, raped and robbed them. One boy (15) was killed. Six people were later arrested.
    (SFC, 6/24/97, p.A2)
1997        Jun 19, In New Orleans 2 men, identified as the “Assault Poetry Unit," delivered unmarked boxes of manifestos, poems and innocuous objects to 14 prominent people. The targets feared for bombs and the 2 men were arrested for terrorizing.
    (SFC, 8/18/97, p.A3)
1997        Jun 19, In Algeria a bomb in an Algiers movie theater killed 2 and wounded 20.
    (WSJ, 6/20/97, p.A1)
1997        Jun 19, From Cambodia the report of Pol Pot’s surrender was rescinded.
    (SFC, 6/20/97, p.A19)
1997        Jun 19, China executed 38 people. In Sichuan 24 died for drug dealing and 14 were executed in Beijing.
    (SFC, 6/20/97, p.A22)
1997        Jun 19, In Russia the legislature gave a preliminary nod to a new tax code.
    (SFC, 6/20/97, p.A20)
1997        Jun 19, In the Ukraine Pres. Kuchma removed prime minister Pavlo Lazarenko under pressure from Western donors who saw him as an opponent to free-market policies.
    (SFC, 6/20/97, p.A22)
1997        Jun 19, In Zimbabwe delegates to the UN Convention on Int’l. Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) approved the applications by Zimbabwe, Namibia and Botswana to sell an annual quota of their collective ivory stockpile, but only to Japan. Trade in ivory was shut down in 1989 due to extensive poaching.
    (SFC, 6/20/97, p.A20)

1998        Jun 19, A study published in the British medical journal The Lancet said smoking more than doubles the risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer's disease.
    (AP, 6/19/03)
1998        Jun 19, Pope John Paul II began his third visit to Austria for 3 days.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.B3)(AP, 6/19/99)
1998        Jun 19, In India suspected separatist guerrillas shot and killed 25 male members of 2 Hindu wedding parties in Jammu and Kashmir state.
    (SFC, 6/20/98, p.D1)
1998        Jun 19, In Mexico the 37th annual US-Mexico Parliamentary Session opened.
    (SFC, 6/22/98, p.A10)
1998        Jun 19, Switzerland's three biggest banks offered $600 million to settle claims they'd stolen the assets of Holocaust victims; outraged Jewish leaders called the offer insultingly low.
    (AP, 6/19/99)
1998        Jun 19, In Yemen a 40% price increase for gasoline, kerosene and cooking gas led to protests for the next 4 days.
    (SFC, 6/23/98, p.A12)

1999        Jun 19, The USA beat Denmark 3-0 on the opening day to the Women's World Cup in Giants Stadium, New Jersey. 78,992 people watched in the largest ever attendance at a woman's sporting event in the world to date.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1999_FIFA_Women's_World_Cup)
1999        Jun 19, The Dallas Stars won the Stanley Cup by defeating the Buffalo Sabres 2-to-1 in game six, which had gone into triple overtime and ended past midnight.
    (AP, 6/19/00)
1999        Jun 19, In Franklin, Ind., Ronald Lee Shanabarger smothered to death his 7-month old son, Tyler, in revenge against his wife, Amy, who had refused to cut short a vacation in 1996 when his father died. It was later learned that Shanabarger had a $100,000 insurance policy for the boy.
    (SFC, 6/29/99, p.A2)(SFEC, 7/4/99, p.A5)
1999        Jun 19, The G7 nations pledged billions in aid to help Russia.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.A13)
1999        Jun 19, NATO reached a tentative agreement with leaders of the KLA for the rebel force to gradually disarm, disband and cease military activities in 30 days.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 19, Britain’s Prince Edward (35) wed Sophie Rhys-Jones (34) in Windsor, England.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.A2)(AP, 6/19/00)
1999        Jun 19, In Chile some 100 Mapuche Indians completed a 24 day walk to Santiago to demand more land and greater autonomy ahead of a planned demonstration the next day.
    (SFEC, 6/20/99, p.A13)
1999        Jun 19, In Colombia the government agreed to start formal peace talks with the 15,000 strong FARC on July 7.
    (SFC, 6/21/99, p.A10)
1999        Jun 19, Turin, Italy, was chosen as the site of the 2006 Winter Olympic Games.
    (AP, 6/19/00)
1999        Jun 19, The Bologna process for the creation of the European Higher Education Area started. 29 European Ministers responsible for higher education signed the Bologna declaration in which they undertake to create a European Higher Education Area.
    (www.aic.lv/ace/ace_disk/Bologna/about_bol.htm)
1999        Jun 19, Mario Soldati (b.1906), Italian writer and film director, died at age 92. He started publishing novels in 1929 although his fame came with “America primo amore" (1935), a diary about the time he spent teaching at Columbia University. He won literary awards for the work.
    (SFC, 6/24/99, p.A25)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Soldati)

2000        Jun 19, The Los Angeles Lakers won their first championship in 12 years, defeating the Indiana Pacers 116-to-111 in game six of the NBA Finals. The post-game celebration, however, was marred by violent fans.
    (SFC, 6/21/00, p.A3)(AP, 6/19/01)
2000        Jun 19, The Clinton administration moved to lift trade sanctions against North Korea.
    (SFC, 6/20/00, p.A12)
2000        Jun 19, The US Supreme ruled that cities and states may not boycott companies that do business with Burma and that only the president and Congress have the authority to set foreign policy.
    (SFC, 6/20/00, p.A3)
2000        Jun 19, The Supreme Court reaffirmed, 6-to-3, that praying in public schools had to be private, barring officials from letting students lead stadium crowds in prayer before football games.
    (AP, 6/19/01)
2000        Jun 19, In Colombia Guillermo Valencia Cossio, the brother of peace negotiator Fabio Valencia Cossio, was abducted. Carlos Castano, head of the feared Self-Defenses Forces, later confirmed that he ordered the kidnapping.
    (SFC, 6/22/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 19, EU leaders in Portugal approved Greece’s bid to join the euro beginning Jan 1, 2001.
    (WSJ, 6/20/00, p.A23)
2000        Jun 19, In Haiti militant supporters of Pres. Aristide shut down the 3 largest cities and demanded the release of election results. The Elections Council in response announced that Aristide’s party won control of the Senate.
    (SFC, 6/20/00, p.A12)
2000        Jun 19, In Indonesia sectarian fighting killed as many as 161 people in the Maluku Islands, also known as the Moluccas or Spice Islands. Thousands of Muslims attacked Christians in the village of Duma.
    (WSJ, 6/20/00, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/00, p.A13)
2000        Jun 19, Noboro Takeshita, former leader of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party and premier from 1987-1989, died at age 76.
    (SFC, 6/19/00, p.E2)
2000        Jun 19, Representatives of Nigeria said they found bank accounts in Liechtenstein with over $150 million held by family members of former dictator Gen Sani Abacha.
    (SFC, 6/20/00, p.A13)
2000        Jun 19, In Zimbabwe officials said elections would not be monitored by foreign nongovernmental organizations.
    (WSJ, 6/20/00, p.A1)

2001        Jun 19, The Gates foundation announced a $100 million donation to the Global AIDS and Health Fund.
    (WSJ, 6/20/01, p.B1)
2001        Jun 19, A jury in San Jose, Calif., convicted Andrew Burnett of tossing a little dog to its death on a busy highway in a bout of road rage. He was sentenced to three years in prison for the death of Leo, a fluffy white bichon frise.
    (AP, 6/19/02)
2001        Jun 19, It was reported that scientists at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory had found that neutrinos ejected from the sun shifted form.
    (SFC, 6/19/01, p.A2)
2001        Jun 19, Juan Raul Garza (44), Texas drug kingpin, was executed by injection in Terra Haute, Ind. He was strapped to the same padded gurney on which Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh was executed 8 days earlier. He was the 2nd federal inmate to die since 1963.
    (SFC, 6/20/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/20/01, p.A1)(AP, 6/19/02)
2001        Jun 19, A tornado struck in Siren, Wisconsin, and 3 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/20/01, p.A5)
2001        Jun 19, Algeria banned protests in the capital following 2 months of unrest that had left at least 55 dead.
    (WSJ, 6/20/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 19, Argentina adopted a dual exchange rate.
    (WSJ, 6/20/01, p.A12)
2001        Jun 19, Iraq claimed that 23 civilians were killed when Western planes bombed a soccer field during a match in the northern town of Tall Afar. US and Britain denied responsibility and blamed a malfunctioning Iraqi anti-aircraft missile.
    (WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.A12)
2001        Jun 19, Israel reached an agreement with Lockheed to purchase 50 F-15 fighters for $2 billion.
    (WSJ, 6/20/01, p.A6)
2001        Jun 19, It was reported that Papuan intellectuals had come up with a “special autonomy" plan Irian Jaya.
    (SFC, 6/19/01, p.A8)
2001        Jun 19, Syria completed a pullout of its forces from Beirut.
    (WSJ, 6/20/01, p.A1)

2002        Jun 19, The space shuttle Endeavour returned to Earth with one Russian and two American crewmen who'd spent six and a-half months aboard the international space station.
    (AP, 6/19/03)
2002        Jun 19, American adventurer Steve Fossett launched his latest solo round-the-world balloon trip from Australia, his silver balloon rising over this western farming town after a long delay caused by surface winds.
    (AP, 6/19/02)
2002        Jun 19, Rod Langway, Bernie Federko, Clark Gillies and Roger Neilson were elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2002        Jun 19, In Afghanistan the 9-day grand council ended with the inauguration of Hamid Karzai as president and the approval of his new Cabinet.
    (SFC, 6/20/02, p.A6)
2002        Jun 19, Air traffic controllers in France and other nations went on strike to protest a plan to dramatically reorganize the use of Europe's skies.
    (AP, 6/19/02)
2002        Jun 19, Israel launched Operation Determined Path and announced it will gradually reoccupy Palestinian areas until terrorism stops in a major policy change prompted by a deadly bus bombing. Israeli troops raided three West Bank towns from which dozens of terror attacks have been launched. Seven Israelis were killed when a Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at a crowded bus stop in northern Jerusalem. About 50 people were injured. Hamas declared a war on buses.
    (AP, 6/19/02)(AP, 9/6/03)
2002        Jun 19, President Vicente Fox is releasing nearly 80 million secret intelligence files collected over decades, vowing that Mexico's government will never again use spying and violence against its critics.
    (AP, 6/19/02)
2002        Jun 19, In Peru government officials said they would suspend the sale of two state-owned electricity companies following 6 days of violent protests.
    (AP, 6/19/02)
2002        Jun 19, In the Philippines witnesses reported that 17 people were killed in a shootout between members of a cult and security forces moving in to arrest their leader on a remote southern Philippine island.
    (Reuters, 6/19/02)
2002        Jun 19, In Venezuela Pres. Chavez made an offer for a referendum on his rule in 2003.
    (SFC, 6/19/02, p.A8)

2003        Jun 19, The FBI put cosmetics heir Andrew Luster aboard a plane in Mexico and flew him back to California, five months after he'd been convicted in absentia of drugging and raping three women.
    (AP, 6/19/04)
2003        Jun 19, Federal authorities said an Ohio truck driver who met Osama bin Laden and admitted plots against trains and Brooklyn Bridge had pleaded guilty to felony charges.
    (AP, 6/19/04)
2003        Jun 19, The U.S. Air Force dropped manslaughter and aggravated assault charges against two fighter pilots who'd mistakenly bombed Canadian soldiers in Afghanistan in 2002. One pilot was waiting trial on a charge of dereliction of duty.
    (AP, 6/19/04)
2003        Jun 19, In Arizona a wildfire burned up to 250 homes on Mount Lemon, north of Tucson.
    (SFC, 6/20/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 19, Thousands of Colombians marched on the presidential palace to defend their jobs against what they described as a drive to turn the country's public services into multinational corporations.
    (AP, 6/19/03)
2003        Jun 19, The Congolese government and two rebel factions agreed to halt fighting in an eastern region and pull back from newly occupied areas, hours after a battle for a key town there killed dozens of people.
    (AP, 6/19/03)
2003        Jun 19, European leaders gathered at a secluded Greek seaside resort for a three-day summit to discuss Middle East peace, illegal immigration, and the contentious draft of a first-ever European Union constitution.
    (AP, 6/19/03)
2003        Jun 19, A team of Australian researchers reported that bananas and taro were cultivated ion the highlands of Papua New Guinea as long as 7,000 years ago.
    (AP, 6/19/03)
2003        Jun 19, In France more Iranians set themselves on fire to protest a crackdown on an Iraq-based anti-Tehran group.
    (WSJ, 6/20/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 19, In Iraq The special "Task Force 20" commando team was joined in the convoy operation by an AC-130 gunship and other air support, attacking by ground and air along a known escape and smuggling route near the western city of Qaim.
    (AP, 6/24/03)(SFC, 6/25/03, p.A18)
2003        Jun 19, An Israeli shopkeeper was killed by a Palestinian suicide bomber.
    (WSJ, 6/20/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 19, In northeastern Nigeria 30 miles north of the city of Umuahia, fuel gushing from a vandalized pipeline exploded, killed at least 105 villagers as they scavenged gasoline.
    (AP, 6/21/03)

2004        Jun 19, In Chechnya rebel attacks killed seven Russian soldiers and police officers over the last 24 hours.
    (AP, 6/19/04)
2004        Jun 19, A US military plane fired missiles into a residential neighborhood in Fallujah, killing 26 people and leveling houses. The target was a hideout of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi's terror network. 23 of the 26 killed were foreign terrorists. 3 Iraqis were among the dead.
    (AP, 6/19/04)(SFC, 6/21/04, p.A7)
2004        Jun 19, In Nepal rebels ambushed a police truck with a bomb and gunfire, also hitting a nearby passenger bus in an attack that killed 14 policemen and 4 civilians, including at least one child.
    (AP, 6/19/04)
2004        Jun 19, Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir ordered "complete mobilization" to disarm all illegal armed groups in the western region of Darfur, including the Arab militias who have been harassing African villagers.
    (AP, 6/19/04)

2005        Jun 19, Michael Campbell answered every challenge Tiger Woods threw his way for a two-shot victory in the U.S. Open.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
2005        Jun 19, Fourteen Formula One drivers refused to participate in the United States Grand Prix because of unresolved concerns over the safety of their Michelin tires. The race was won by Michael Schumacher, one of six drivers who raced using Bridgestone tires.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
2005        Jun 19, In southern Afghanistan US warplanes and helicopters opened fire on a group of suspected rebels after the ambush of a coalition convoy, killing 15-20 militants.
    (AP, 6/19/05)(SFC, 6/20/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 19, China’s Xinhua news agency reported that the China Regulatory Commission had approved 42 more companies to take part in a state share reform program. 4 maiden companies were named a month earlier.
    (WSJ, 6/20/05, p.C16)
2005        Jun 19, Top Croatian financial officials left for Washington to present a package of fiscal proposals that should shore up this year's budget and save the stand-by arrangement with the International Monetary Fund.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, Local Cuban media reported that the communist government has revoked some 2,000 licenses from self-employed workers across the island, part of a campaign to reassert state control over the economy.
    (AP, 6/20/05)
2005        Jun 19, A new, domestic French low-cost airline, Air Turquoise, took to the skies, opening budget routes from the northeast city of Reims to Bordeaux, Marseille and Nice.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, Guinea-Bissau began its first presidential election since a 2003 coup, with 13 contenders vying to become the West African country's leader. The candidates include the man the military ousted two years ago.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, A suicide bombing ripped through a popular Baghdad kebab restaurant at lunchtime, killing 23 people and wounding 36. A suicide car bomber struck an Iraqi military checkpoint north of Baghdad, killing two soldiers and one civilian, officials said. Thirteen others were wounded.
    (AP, 6/19/05)(SFC, 6/20/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 19, Israel publicly apologized to the US over arms exports to China that have drawn criticism from Washington and strained U.S.-Israeli security ties.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, In Lebanon voters cast their ballot in the last round of elections. The anti-Syrian opposition secured a majority in the Lebanese parliament, after opposition candidates swept all seats in the last round of elections. The winning pro-Western coalition became known as the March 14th alliance after the recent big anti-Syrian demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/20/05)(Econ, 11/13/10, p.53)
2005        Jun 19, Mauritius expected that by year's end, or soon afterward, to become the world's first nation with coast-to-coast wireless Internet coverage, the first country to become one big "hot spot."
    (CT, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, Mexico City introduced metrobus, a new Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system.
    (SSFC, 8/7/05, p.A11)
2005        Jun 19, A South Korean soldier threw a grenade at his commander and then opened fire on fellow soldiers near the border with communist North Korea, killing 8 and injuring 2 others.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, Palestinian militants fired light arms and rocket-propelled grenades at Israelis near an army post on the Gaza-Egypt border, wounding 3 Israelis. One militant was killed in the attack.
    (AP, 6/19/05)
2005        Jun 19, Voters in Spain's northwest Galicia region were deciding whether to extend the 15-year rule of Manuel Fraga (82), the last surviving politician of Gen. Francisco Franco's regime. Fraga had served as Interior Minister from 1975-1976, when police still occasionally fired on demonstrators.
    (AP, 6/19/05)(Econ, 4/17/10, p.57)
2005        Jun 19, Eastern Sudanese rebels launched a major offensive near the country's main port, capturing government troops in what Khartoum charged was an operation mounted with the complicity of Eritrea.
    (AP, 6/20/05)
2005        Jun 19, Vietnam’s PM Phan Van Khai (71) arrived in Seattle. The first visit to America by a prime minister from Vietnam in 30 years was greeted by demonstrators shouting "Down with communists!" and calling for an end to political and religious persecution in Vietnam. Khai hoped to strengthen ties with Washington during his weeklong US tour.
    (AP, 6/20/05)

2007        Jun 19, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice warned North Korea it would face consequences if it test-fired a missile thought to be powerful enough to reach the West Coast of the United States.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2006        Jun 19, The US Supreme Court rolled back coverage of the Clean Water Act, but did not agree on how to define the waters protected by the act.
    (WSJ, 6/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 19, US Interior Chief Kempthorne set new rules making it harder for snowmobiles and off-road vehicles to get permission to ride in national parks.
    (WSJ, 6/20/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 19, New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin asked the state to send National Guard troops to help patrol the city streets under a growing crime problem. Louisiana Gov. Kathleen Blanco said she would send National Guard troops and state police to patrol the streets of New Orleans after a bloody weekend in which six people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/20/06, p.A1)(AP, 6/19/07)
2006        Jun 19, It was reported that cosmetics magnate Ronald S. Lauder had purchased the Gustav Klimt portrait "Adele Bloch-Bauer I" (1907) for a record $135 million. This eclipsed the 2004 sale of Picasso’s “Boy With a Pipe" for $104.1 million.
    (SFC, 6/19/06, p.E2)
2006        Jun 19, In Raleigh, NC, the Carolina Hurricanes blunted an historic comeback bid by the Edmonton Oilers with a 3-1 Game Seven win to lift their first Stanley Cup.
    (Reuters, 6/20/06)
2006        Jun 19, Faheem Khalid Lodhi (36), a Pakistani-born architect was convicted of plotting a terrorist attack in Australia. He was arrested in April 2004 at his home in suburban Sydney. The jury convicted Lodhi of charges relating to maps, chemical inquiries and bombmaking instructions. On August 23 he was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/19/06)(AP, 8/23/06)
2006        Jun 19, Egyptian authorities detained 31 members of the banned Muslim Brotherhood, bringing to nearly 700 the number of members arrested since a crackdown began in March.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
2006        Jun 19, A parked car bomb struck an Iraqi army convoy, killing five people and wounding nine. An umbrella group linked to al-Qaida in Iraq claimed that it had kidnapped two American soldiers reported missing south of Baghdad, where 8,000 Iraqi and US troops were conducting a massive search. Hundreds of American and Iraqi troops backed by a US gunship pushed into an insurgent-infested section of eastern Ramadi. The bodies of two US soldiers, Pfc. Kristian Menchaca (23) of Houston, and Pfc. Thomas L. Tucker (25) of Madras, Ore., were found. The men were "killed in a barbaric way." Al-Qaida in Iraq claimed responsibility, and said the successor to slain terror leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi had "slaughtered" them. The US Army said it has charged three soldiers in connection with the May 9 deaths of 3 Iraqis who were in military custody in northern Iraq. The US military captured a senior al Qaeda in Iraq member near an area where the group's leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was killed in a US air strike two weeks ago. Hamed Jumaa Farid al-Saeedi, known as Abu Humam or Abu Rana, was captured north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/19/06)(AP, 6/20/06)(Reuters, 6/23/06)AP, 9/6/06)
2006        Jun 19, It was reported that the Iraqi government was pumping millions of barrels of an oil refinery byproduct called “black oil" into a mountainous area called Makhul near the Tigris River where it was burned. The insurgency prevented the substance from being exported for further refining at more modern facilities.
    (SFC, 6/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 19, Israel's defense minister has ordered a review of the route of Israel's separation barrier to better reflect Palestinian concerns, a decision that could have significant implications for Israel's future borders.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
2006        Jun 19, In Onitsha, Nigeria, 204 prison inmates were set free by the "hoodlums" who invaded the building at around 2:00 am. The attack on Onitsha prison came less than 24 hours after troops were deployed and a curfew imposed on the troubled city. Clashes between the banned Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB), a separatist group, and police were reported to have left several people dead at the weekend.
    (AP, 6/20/06)
2006        Jun 19, In Norway the prime ministers of 5 nations gathered at the northern island of Svalbard to lay the cornerstone for the Svalbard Int’l. Seed Vault. The site will hold millions of seed varieties to restock the planet in the case of a global catastrophe.
    (SFC, 6/19/06, p.A3)
2006        Jun 19, In Pakistan militants in South Waziristan shot dead Nazimuddin Gangikhel, a senior Pakistani tribesman with close ties to the US-backed Afghan government.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
2006        Jun 19, Sri Lanka invited Tamil Tiger rebels to negotiate peace and save their collapsing ceasefire as 2 more soldiers were killed in a weekend of violence that left over 50 people dead.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
2006        Jun 19, The Sudanese government and the Eastern Front under Eritrean mediation signed a ceasefire agreement and pledged to work for a comprehensive settlement of their dispute.
    (AFP, 10/10/06)
2006        Jun 19, Swiss chocolate-maker Nestle AG said it will fatten up its weight-loss business by buying Jenny Craig Inc. for $600 million.
    (AP, 6/19/06)
2006        Jun 19, The UN inaugurated its new Human Rights Council. The 47-member council replaced the Human Rights Commission, which became discredited in recent years as rights-abusing countries conspired to escape condemnation. Muslim countries and various non-democracies held a majority of the 47 seats.
    (AP, 6/19/06)(Econ, 3/24/07, p.68)

2007        Jun 19, President Bush and visiting Israeli PM Ehud Olmert sided emphatically with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in his standoff with the militant group Hamas.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2007        Jun 19, The US announced the transfer of six Guantanamo Bay prisoners back to their home countries, including one who, according to his lawyers, now may face abuse in Tunisia for nonviolent political activities. 4 men returned to Yemen and two to Tunisia.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, Thomas Ravenel, treasurer of South Carolina, was indicted on federal cocaine distribution charges.
    (WSJ, 6/20/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 19, After some six years as a Republican, NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg (65) announced that he has left the Republican Party and become unaffiliated in what many believe could be a step toward entering the 2008 race for president.
    (AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, International Lease Finance Corp., the world's largest airline leasing company, ordered 63 Boeing jets with a total list price of $8.8 billion.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, Sterlite Industries, the flagship company of India’s Vedanta Resources, went public on the NYSE for over $2 billion.
    (Econ, 7/28/07, p.72)(www.stockhouse.com/shfn/editorial.asp?edtID=19859)
2007        Jun 19, In Austin, Texas, 3-4 people beat a man to death after the car he was riding in apparently struck and injured a child.
    (AP, 6/20/07)(SFC, 6/22/07, p.A5)
2007        Jun 19, James Cockayne (21) of New Hope, Pa., was beaten and stabbed to death in the Virgin Islands. 3 men, Anselmo Boston, Kamal Thomas and Jahleel Ward, were arrested after the parents of Cockayne appeared on US news programs and accused Virgin Islands detectives of botching an investigation into their son's death. On Oct 10, 2008, Ward was found guilty of first-degree murder and other charges. Anselmo Boston and Kamal Thomas were found guilty on two counts each of third-degree assault, among other charges.
    (AP, 10/6/08)(AP, 10/10/08)
2007        Jun 19, Fierce clashes between Taliban militants and NATO and Afghan forces left more than 100 people dead over the last three days in Uruzgan province. Police clashed with insurgents and retook control of Miya Nishin district in Kandahar. Hours later provincial police chief forces lost Ghorak district in the same province to the militants. A mosque attack occurred in Ismail Kheil in Khost province. Two unidentified men entered the building and fatally shot three people while wounding four others.
    (AP, 6/19/07)(AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, The Algerian government approved a plan to set up an academy of the Amazigh language, spoken by the Berber minority, many of whom live in Kabylie in the mountainous north of the country.
    (AFP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, "The Lord of the Rings" musical, the most expensive production in West End history, opened at London's Theatre Royal to mixed reviews, with some critics praising it as brilliant and others calling it corny and "a thumping great flop."
    (AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, China’s state media reported that the worst drought in 30 years in northeast China's Liaoning province has left more than 1.2 million people short of drinking water.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, In Dubai a Canadian UN official, who advised the Afghan government on eradicating opium poppy crops, was sentenced to four years in prison for smuggling and drug possession. Bert Tatham (35) of Vancouver, British Columbia, was arrested April 23 during a one-hour stopover at the Dubai International Airport, after being caught with a half a gram of hashish, and two poppy bulbs.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, The European Parliament decided that if it isn't distilled from grains or potatoes, it really isn't vodka. It also overwhelmingly approved a ban on trade in products containing cat or dog fur.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, Georgia border agents blocked a car trying to smuggle radioactive plutonium and beryllium from Azerbaijan.
    (WSJ, 6/20/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 19, Ghanaians reacted with a blend of excitement and foreboding to the news of a major oil find off the coast of their west African nation, some viewing it as a boon and others fearing it could turn out to be a curse.
    (AFP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, Indian police said they have discovered a stash of hundreds of human skulls and thigh bones and arrested a gang for allegedly smuggling them to the Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan for use in Buddhist monasteries.
    (Reuters, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, A truck bomb struck the Shiite Khillani mosque in central Baghdad, killing at least 87 people and wounding more than 200. About 10,000 US soldiers used heavily armored Stryker and Bradley fighting vehicles to battle their way into an al-Qaida sanctuary in Baqouba. The troops, under cover of attack helicopters, killed at least 22 insurgents in the offensive. A Task Force Lightning soldier was killed by an explosion near his vehicle. In all 142 people were killed or found dead in sectarian violence.
    (AP, 6/19/07)(AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, Former Israeli PM Ehud Barak took over as defense minister. Hundreds of terrified Gazans fleeing Hamas rule were trapped at a main crossing with Israel, hoping to gain permission to pass through Israeli territory to sanctuary in the West Bank. Israeli security officials said they have arrested 12 members of a PLO cell that planned to kidnap American citizens.
    (AP, 6/19/07)(AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, A Lebanese soldier was killed in clashes with al-Qaida-inspired militants in a Palestinian refugee camp in northern Lebanon.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, Antonio Aguilar (88), Mexican mariachi singer and actor, died. He recorded more than 150 albums and began his acting career during Mexico's "Golden Era" of cinema. He appeared in 167 films, including "The Undefeated" starring John Wayne.
    (AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, In Nigeria a top militant leader freed on bail said that armed groups in the restive south will halt attacks on oil installations to give the new government a chance to deal with the region's problems.
    (AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, Students at a Northern Ireland high school were receiving counseling after three 15-year-old classmates hanged themselves over the past month.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, A US envoy said North Korea has finally received millions of dollars at the heart of a dispute that stalled nuclear disarmament negotiations, and must quickly shut down its only reactor.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, In Pakistan an explosion killed at least 26 Taliban allies in the North Waziristan tribal region. Security officials said it appeared to be a missile attack from Afghanistan targeting a training camp for foreign militants. A Pakistani military spokesman said the explosion was from a bomb being made by the militants.
    (SFC, 6/20/07, p.A3)(WSJ, 6/20/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 19, In Romania hundreds of retirees took to the streets in Bucharest and about 20 other towns to demand that pensions be raised to at least 45% of the average national salary and other benefits. Romania numbered 6 million retirees out of a population of 22 million.
    (AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, A new survey reported that Moscow is the world's most expensive city for the second year in a row, thanks to an appreciating ruble and rising housing costs.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, A Russian court sentenced four men to prison terms of between seven and 14 years for the racially motivated killing of a Congolese student. The slaying of Roland Epassak in St. Petersburg two years ago prompted outrage and protests among Russian and foreign exchange students and other young people.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, Sri Lanka government troops killed up to 44 Tamil rebels in clashes in northern and eastern Sri Lanka while destroying three small camps in the insurgents' last eastern stronghold.
    (AP, 6/20/07)
2007        Jun 19, President Jakaya Kikwete said Tanzania will shut camps housing 150,000 refugees from Burundi by the end of this year as the war in the neighboring central African country is over.
    (AFP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, Police charged ousted PM Thaksin Shinawatra and his wife with concealing assets and ordered the exiled leader to return to Thailand.
    (AP, 6/19/07)
2007        Jun 19, It was reported that political troubles in the Ukraine were being aggravated by soaring bread prices as the worst drought in a century hit the region.
    (WSJ, 6/19/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 19, The Vatican issued a set of "Ten Commandments" for drivers, telling motorists not to kill, not to drink and drive, and to help fellow travelers in case of accidents.
    (AP, 6/19/07)

2008        Jun 19, Barack Obama, US presidential candidate, announced that he would not use public funds for his campaign, contrary to a 2007 promise to use public funds. This would allow him to outspend John McCain by a wide margin.
    (Econ, 6/28/08, p.37)
2008        Jun 19, Two former hedge fund managers at investment bank Bear Stearns were arrested after a federal criminal probe into the collapse of funds they oversaw.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Bradley Birkenfeld, a former UBS executive, pleaded guilty to helping clients hide hundreds of millions of dollars and evade US taxes in a case that is part of a probe into whether the Swiss banking giant did the same for other wealthy individuals.
    (AP, 6/19/08)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.79)
2008        Jun 19, Researchers reported the survival of an Oregon man with advanced skin cancer following an experimental treatment that revved up his immune system.
    (SFC, 6/19/08, p.A8)
2008        Jun 19, Afghan officials said a swift offensive by Afghan and NATO forces drove Taliban militants from a strategic group of villages outside Kandahar and killed 56 insurgents. Two Afghan soldiers and one civilian also died. The militants had planted hundreds of land mines in the area before fleeing. 2 soldiers from the US-led coalition were fatally wounded in a shooting incident in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/19/08)(AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 19, In central Bosnia a helicopter carrying two Spanish pilots of the EU peace force and two German officers crashed, but it was not clear if there were any casualties.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, It was reported that Bristol has been designated as Britain's first "cycling city" as part of a 100 million pound scheme aimed at getting people to exercise by using bicycles.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Canada's national police laid criminal charges against former Nortel Networks Corp chief executive Frank Dunn and other onetime executives, claiming the men fraudulently misstated the telecom equipment maker's results.
    (Reuters, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, China’s government raised its base price for gasoline by 17% and 18% for diesel in an effort to diminish the nation’s appetite for fuel.
    (WSJ, 6/19/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 19, Colombia's chief prosecutor ordered the arrest of a cashiered navy rear admiral on charges he helped drug traffickers. Rear Adm. Gabriel Arango was fired in August over accusations that traffickers paid him for information on the movements of drug patrols off Colombia's Caribbean coast.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, The EU agreed to lift its 2003 diplomatic sanctions against Cuba, but imposed tough conditions on the communist island to maintain sanction-free relations.
    (AP, 6/20/08)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.44)
2008        Jun 19, In France a man suspected of stealing $15 million of historic treasures from churches was arrested. The 30-year-old suspect was taken into custody by police in Saint-Ouen, north of Paris, after he allegedly asked an antiques dealer to sell an object stolen from a church in Normandy.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, In India officials said soldiers and rescue workers rushed to provide relief to hundreds of thousands of people stranded in eastern India by monsoon floods that have killed at least 38 people in the past week.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Iraqi troops arrested Rafia Abdul-Jabbar, the top official in Amarah, a Muqtada al-Sadr loyalist, drawing swift condemnations from followers of the anti-US cleric as a military operation against Shiite militias got under way. Iraqi troops arrested 11 people on the wanted list who were believed be members of armed groups and seized an unspecified number of weapons during overnight raids in Basra. US troops captured six suspected insurgents, including a wanted man believed to have ties to local al-Qaida in Iraq leaders. 15 others were captured during operations targeting al-Qaida elsewhere in northern Iraq.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Guns went quiet as a six-month truce between Israel and Gaza Strip militants took effect, but there was widespread skepticism about its ability to hold.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, A Moroccan court ordered a newspaper to stop publishing testimony given by victims of years of repression under late king Hassan II to a royal truth commission.
    (AFP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Nigeria's most prominent militant group claimed responsibility for an attack on Shell's main offshore oilfield and said it had kidnapped a US oil worker. The attack shut down a tenth of the country's oil output in a rare attack on a deepwater facility. The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) said US captain Jack Stone from oil services company Tidex was freed in the afternoon.
    (AFP, 6/19/08)(Reuters, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Philippine officials said Indanan township mayor Alvarez Isnaji and his son Jun, who negotiated with al-Qaida-linked rebels for the release of an abducted TV news anchor and three other people, have been arrested as suspects in the June 8 kidnappings.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, Serbia's Supreme Court sentenced Radomir Markovic, late strongman Slobodan Milosevic's security chief, to 40 years in prison for organizing a deadly attack on a prominent dissident. He was convicted of trying to kill opposition leader Vuk Draskovic in October 1999.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, In South Korea about 6,500 truck drivers ended their strike after transportation companies agreed to increase fees for hauling freight, but another 6,500 remained off the job.
    (AP, 6/19/08)
2008        Jun 19, In Sri Lanka fighting between the government forces and Tamil Tiger rebels along the northern front lines killed 26 rebels and three government soldiers.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 19, The UN adopted Resolution 1820 affirming that sexual violence as a weapon of war affects international peace and security, and could trigger sanctions.
    (Econ, 2/21/09, p.61)(http://tinyurl.com/lg8px5)
2008        Jun 19, Zimbabwe’s Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) opposition said 4 more opposition activists and the wife of an MDC politician have been killed, blaming the deaths on ruling party supporters. The MDC youth members were abducted Jun 17 and their bodies were discovered in various locations in Chitungwiza, southeast of Harare.
    (AFP, 6/19/08)

2009        Jun 19, The United States joined the UN Human Rights Council, a body widely criticized for failing to confront abuses around the world and for acting primarily to condemn Israel, one of Washington's closest allies.
    (AP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, The US House impeached imprisoned US District Judge Samuel Kent of Texas for lying about sexual assaults of two women. Kent (59) entered a federal prison in Massachusetts on June 15 to serve a 33-month sentence. He pleaded guilty last month to lying to judicial investigators about sexual assaults of two female employees. Kent was refusing to resign until next year so he can continue to draw his $174,000 a year salary. If he is convicted of the impeachment charges in the Senate, he will be forced off the bench.
    (AP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, Federal prosecutors in Virginia indicted Texas financier Allen Stanford (59) and 4 others on fraud and other charges in connection with a multi-billion Ponzi scheme.
    (SFC, 6/20/09, p.C2)
2009        Jun 19, US census officials announced that same-sex married couples would be counted for the first time in the 2010 census.
    (Econ, 6/27/09, p.38)
2009        Jun 19, In Illinois tank cars loaded with thousands of gallons of highly flammable ethanol exploded in flames as a freight train derailed in Rockford, killing Zoila Tellez (41) and forcing evacuations of hundreds of nearby homes.
    (AP, 6/20/09)(SSFC, 6/21/09, p.A9)
2009        Jun 19, In Michigan officials said 36 members of 4 violent Detroit street gangs were arrested with immigration, probation, weapons and other violations as part of a nationwide crackdown.
    (SFC, 6/20/09, p.A4)
2009        Jun 19, Google Inc. said that it was working to block pornography reaching users of its Chinese service after a mainland watchdog found the search engine turned up large numbers of links to obscene and vulgar sites.
    (AP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson took part in a ceremonial groundbreaking at the remote site of Spaceport America, about 45 north of Las Cruces. The spaceport was being constructed for commercial space development.
    (SFC, 6/20/09, p.A4)
2009        Jun 19, In Afghanistan a university student in Kandahar City was found dead with his throat cut in a side room of a mosque where he had gone to study. A British soldier with the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was killed in an explosion while on patrol near the town of Lashkar Gah in the southern province of Helmand. A roadside bomb tore through a car in the western province of Herat, killing six members of a family. 26 Taliban were killed in an air strike conducted by foreign forces near Lashkar Gah. 7 other insurgents were killed elsewhere in Helmand.
    (AP, 6/19/09)(AFP, 6/20/09)
2009        Jun 19, The Brazilian government apologized for the torture and abuse of 44 poor farmers under the military regime that ruled the country from 1964 to 1985 and announced reparations for the victims.
    (AP, 6/20/09)
2009        Jun 19, A top Congo army officer said 32 people have been killed in three days of fighting in eastern Congo between government soldiers and Rwandan Hutu rebels backed by Congolese militia allies.
    (Reuters, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, Iran’s Ayatullah Ali Khamenei said that the country's disputed presidential vote had not been rigged, sternly warning protesters of a crackdown if they continue massive demonstrations demanding a new election.
    (AP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, The bodies of two men were handed over to the British embassy in the Iraqi capital with the Foreign Office saying the remains were "highly likely" to be those of Jason Swindlehurst (38) and Jason Creswell (39). They were among four guards protecting Peter Moore when around 40 heavily armed militants seized all five men at the finance ministry in central Baghdad on May 29, 2007.
    (AP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 19, EU leaders agreed to establish a European System Risk Board. It was intended to sound an alarm over the build up of risk and to create new European supervisory authorities to keep an eye on big cross-border financial institutions.
    (Econ, 7/4/09, p.73)
2009        Jun 19, In West Germany 3 German retirees, who lost $1.4 million in the financial crisis, kidnapped James Amburn (56), their American investment adviser, in an attempt to recoup the money. Amburn was freed by police after 4 days. In 2010 the retirees were convicted, with their 74-year-old ringleader and sentenced to six years in prison.
    (AP, 3/23/10)(http://tinyurl.com/yhdokyf)
2009        Jun 19, Isamu Akasaki (80), a professor at Nagoya University in central Japan, was among the winners of this year's Kyoto Prizes. He will receive the advanced technology award for his pioneering work in the development of blue light-emitting diodes, or LEDs. Peter (72) and Rosemary Grant (72), a husband-and-wife team of biologists from Princeton University, won for their decades of research on evolution in the Galapagos Islands and will share an award of $515,000. This year's award in arts and philosophy went to French composer and conductor Pierre Boulez (84).
    (AP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, Mexico authorities in the border city of Ciudad Juarez said they would step up patrols after killings there rebounded to levels near those that led the government to send in 5,000 army troops in March. In Michoacan state gunmen tossed a grenade at an ambulance and then opened its doors to kill a patient inside who had narrowly survived an earlier shooting in Uruapan. Paramedics ran for their lives during the attack. The man (23) died and his wife (20) was listed in serious condition.
    (AP, 6/20/09)
2009        Jun 19, Nigeria's main militant group said it had destroyed a major pipeline supplying crude oil to Italian oil group Agip's Brass exports terminal.
    (AFP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, Pakistani fighter jets bombed Taliban militant hideouts in the northwest tribal belt, as the death toll from a suspected US missile strike a day earlier rose to 13.
    (AFP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, New York Times reporter David S. Rohde (41) escaped from kidnappers in Pakistan after more than seven months in captivity and was flown to Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan the next day.
    (AP, 6/21/09)
2009        Jun 19, A leading South African research group said one in four male South Africans it surveyed admitted to committing rape, a finding that cast a harsh light on a culture of sexual violence that victims groups say is deeply embedded in society.
    (AP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, South Korea rejected North Korea's demand for a massive increase in wages and rent at a joint industrial park struggling to stay afloat, leaving the fate of more than 100 companies and 40,000 workers there hanging in balance.
    (AP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, In Spain a powerful bomb exploded near the Basque city of Bilbao, killing a policeman in an attack blamed on the separatist group ETA.
    (AP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, The UN Food and Agriculture Organization said one in six people in the world, or more than 1 billion, is now hungry, a historic high due largely to the global economic crisis and stubbornly high food prices.
    (AP, 6/19/09)
2009        Jun 19, The UN said Colombia's coca crop shrank by nearly a fifth last year while cultivation of the bush that is the basis of cocaine rose for a third straight year in Peru and Bolivia, the world's two other coca-producing nations.
    (AP, 6/19/09)

2010        Jun 19, In California Jimmy Schlager (56) attacked his stepdaughter's family as they ate lunch at a restaurant in San Bernadino, killing her husband (33) and 6-year-old son, wounding the woman (29) and another child, and then fatally shooting himself.
    (AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 19, Manute Bol (47), a lithe 7-foot-7 shot-blocker from Sudan who spent 10 seasons in the NBA and was dedicated to humanitarian work in Africa, died at the University of Virginia Hospital in Charlottesville.
    (AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 19, Two Afghan policemen were killed and five others were wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in Gereshk district. A NATO rocket landed on a house in Qarghay district of Laghman province, killing two women and injuring two other adults. 10 militants were killed and eight others wounded in a 30-minute clash in Sherzad district, Nangarhar province.
    (AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 19, A plane carrying a group of Australian mining executives disappeared en route from Cameroon to Congo-Brazzaville. All 11 on board were killed wiping out the entire board of the Sundance Resources company including mining tycoon Ken Talbot. The wreckage was found June 21 in the Congo jungle.
    (AFP, 6/20/10)(AFP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 19, China’s central bank said it will gradually make the yuan's exchange rate more flexible a week before a G20 summit, strongly suggesting that it was ready to break the currency's 23-month-old dollar peg.
    (Reuters, 6/19/10)
2010        Jun 19, Former French PM Dominique de Villepin launched a new political movement to act as an alternative to the policies of President Nicolas Sarkozy, his longtime rival.
    (AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 19, In Germany tens of thousands of gays, lesbians and other revelers marched and danced in downtown Berlin for the German capital's annual gay pride celebration, which featured a colorful parade through the heart of the city.
    (AP, 6/19/10)
2010        Jun 19, In India at least 100 tourists were stranded by an indefinite strike in Darjeeling, as a Gorkha political party campaigned for an autonomous Gorkha homeland. The tourists had to be escorted out by police.
    (SSFC, 6/27/10, p.N3)
2010        Jun 19, An Iranian newspaper, the Economic daily Pool (Money), voluntarily suspended publication after being warned by the national press watchdog for printing "false material."
    (AFP, 6/19/10)
2010        Jun 19, In Iraq a protest over electricity shortages in the southern port city of Basra turned deadly with troops fatally shooting one demonstrator. A series of bombings and a rocket attack struck Baghdad late in the day, killing five people.
    (AP, 6/19/10)(AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 19, A top US envoy called for an independent investigation into the violence that has devastated southern Kyrgyzstan, as amateur video emerged of unarmed Uzbeks gathering to defend their town during the attacks.
    (AP, 6/19/10)
2010        Jun 19, Carlos Monsivais (b.1938), renowned Mexican journalist, critic and political activist died in Mexico City. His death was confirmed by the Estanquillo Museum that Monsivais founded in 2006 with his extensive collection of pop art pieces ranging from comic books to miniature reproductions of household objects.
    (AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 19, It was reported that the North Korean government has lifted all restrictions on private markets in a desperate attempt reduce food shortages.
    (SFC, 6/19/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 19, In Pakistan a suspected US missile strike killed 13 people in the North Waziristan tribal region. A roadside bomb aimed at police in the country's volatile northwest killed a civilian and wounded eight people. Gunmen opened fire on police at a court in the southern city of Karachi; one police officer and an attacker were killed. Gunmen opened fire on a vehicle carrying an area police chief, Abdul Wahab, in the southwestern city of Quetta, wounding him critically.
    (AP, 6/19/10)
2010        Jun 19, In South Africa exiled Rwandan Lt.-General Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa was shot and wounded in what his wife called a Rwandan-backed assassination attempt, a charge the Kigali government dismissed as "preposterous." In 2011 six accused men, three Rwandans and three Tanzanians, stood trial for the shooting.
    (Reuters, 6/19/10)(AFP, 7/1/11)
2010        Jun 19, In South Africa Rev. Nico Smith (81), a white pastor who challenged South Africa's apartheid system by moving with his wife into a black township in the 1980s, died of a heart attack.
    (AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 19, Turkish warplanes launched air raids at suspected Kurdish rebel positions in northern Iraq after a rebel attack on a military outpost in Turkey touched off clashes in which eight soldiers and 12 PKK rebel fighters died.
    (AP, 6/19/10)
2010        Jun 19, In Yemen 4 suspected al-Qaida gunmen blasted their way into the intelligence headquarters of Aden, Yemen's second largest city, and freed several detainees in the group's most spectacular operation since a US-backed government crackdown began late last year. The attack left 11 people dead.
    (AP, 6/19/10)(AP, 6/21/10)

2011        Jun 19, "The Bold and the Beautiful" won four trophies, including drama series honors for the third consecutive year, at the Daytime Emmys, which will have two fewer soap operas to celebrate next year.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 19, Alyssa Campanella (21) of Los Angeles topped a field of 51 beauty queens to take the title at the Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino on the Las Vegas Strip.
    (AP, 6/20/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3jwxkkx)
2011        Jun 19, In New York David Laffer killed 4 people during a pharmacy robbery in Medford. In September he pleaded guilty to murder charges and his wife, who drove their getaway car, pleaded guilty to robbery.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A5)(SFC, 9/9/11, p.A15)
2011        Jun 19, In Ohio a small plane crashed near Columbus killing 2 people.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 19, In northern Afghanistan a suicide attacker blew up his explosives-laden car next to a German military convoy, killing three Afghan civilians. An Afghan soldier who shot dead his Australian mentor last month was killed when he tried to pull his pistol on troops attempting to capture him in Khost province.
    (AP, 6/19/11)(AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Bahrain lawyers for three former editors of the main opposition newspaper told a court the journalists were tricked into publishing false news about the Sunni monarchy's crackdown on Shiite-led protesters as part of a plot to undermine a key opposition voice.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, Brazilian police raided Rio’s Mangueira shantytown, dominated by drug trafficking gangs, in an ongoing program to bring peace to areas near Maracana stadium ahead of the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympics.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, China’s state media reported that more than 5 million people have been displaced or otherwise affected by flooding in eastern China that is also pushing up food prices. Rescuers searched for 11 workers who were buried when an office building they were renovating in Wuxi city, Jiangsu province, collapsed on top of them.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, Chinese public relations consultant Chen Hong closed down his website which let people post anonymous tips on official bribery after censors stepped in blocking access to the site for people inside China. His website, http://www.ibribery.com, had drawn 200,000 unique visitors in two weeks.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 19, European aerospace giant EADS unveiled its "Zero Emission Hypersonic Transportation" (Zehst) rocket plane it hopes will be able to fly from Paris to Tokyo in 2.5 hours by around 2050.
    (AFP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Fiji Agape Ministries leader Rocco Leo, a fugitive Australian cult leader, was picked up by officials, along with two associates, for alleged visa breaches. On May 20, 2010, Australian police raided 12 properties associated with Agape and netted 15 guns, slow-burning fuses, detonators, extendable batons and 35,000 rounds of ammunition.
    (www.religionnewsblog.com/26049/cult-leader-rocco-leo-arrested)(AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 19, An Indian general led a delegation to Beijing as the two countries moved to resume exchanges between their militaries after a yearlong freeze.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, Japanese game maker Sega said hackers have stolen the personal data of some 1.29 million customers of the, in a theft via a website of its European unit.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Israel the Jerusalem municipality approved the expansion of 2,000 homes in the settlement district of Ramat Shlomo, allowing each Israeli home to add an additional room.
    (AFP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, The Libyan government accused NATO of bombing a residential neighborhood in the capital and killing civilians, adding to its charges that the alliance is striking nonmilitary targets. 9 people, including two children, were reported killed. NATO admitted it carried out an air strike that killed civilians in Tripoli.
    (AP, 6/19/11)(Reuters, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 19, Liechtenstein 69% of voters backed a new law giving gay and lesbian couples the right to formally register their partnerships.
    (SFC, 6/20/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 19, In Mexico four people, 18-25 years old, were killed in Guadalupe, a city adjacent to Monterrey. The bodies of 14 people were found in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Morocco several thousand rallied in Casablanca to answer a call from the youth-based February 20 Movement that has rejected constitutional reforms proposed by King Mohammed VI. Pro-government demonstrators attacked democracy activists protesting constitutional reforms recently unveiled by the king.
    (AFP, 6/19/11)(AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In northwest Pakistan at least 50 militants attacked a paramilitary checkpoint near the Afghan border, triggering intense fighting that killed four soldiers. A local government official put the number of militants dead at eight.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Pakistan Muhammad Riaz chopped off his wife’s nose before turning himself over to the Khanpur police. Riaz, a resident of Choee village, said he believed his wife, Ansar Bibi (22), was having an affair. Bibi denied the allegation saying he did it because she is infertile. Police later arrested the alleged boyfriend, Ashiq Hussain, from Riaz’s house and registered separate cases against both men.
    (www.muslimwomennews.com/)(SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 19, In Papua New Guinea an attacker fired 2 arrows hitting Matt Scheurich as the 28-year-old New Zealander relaxed on a river bank while his girlfriend, a French doctoral student studying tribal life, swam in the river. The attacker also threw rocks at Scheurich's head and then attempted to sexually assault the French woman. The couple were air lifted out and treated at Kiunga Hospital and then in Cairns, Australia.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jun 19, Somalia's PM Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed said that he would resign, reversing a pledge he made last week that he would not step down after Somalis took to the streets in support of the Somali-American politician. President Sheik Sharif Sheik Ahmed named Abdiwali Mohamed Ali as a caretaker of the prime minister's position until a new prime minister is appointed.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, Spanish protesters of all stripes marched in Madrid to drive home their anger over high unemployment, bleak economic prospects and politicians they see as inept.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, Syrian troops tightened their grip on a restive area near the Turkish border, setting fire to homes and a bakery that was supplying bread to thousands of displaced people. The Turkish government began providing food for the first time to Syrians across the border who had fled the army campaign.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Venezuela fire ripped through the El Rodeo I prison where thousands of troops struggled to put down a revolt by inmates as dozens of horrified relatives tried to watch the fighting.
    (AP, 6/19/11)
2011        Jun 19, In Yemen military and medical officials said government artillery shelling of an area on the Dufas area in Zinjibar, Abyan province, has killed 12 al-Qaida-linked militants and wounded three others.
    (AP, 6/19/11)

2012        Jun 19, The United States and New Zealand signed an agreement to expand defense cooperation. The deal did not alter Auckland's longstanding ban on port visits by nuclear-armed American warships.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, In Pennsylvania Patricia Smith (58), the former controller of the Baierl Automotives auto dealership, was sentenced to 78 months in prison and pay restitution of $10,349,569.14 for embezzling from her former boss in a stunning case of a trusted employee looting the business then squandering the cash on luxuries.
    (http://tinyurl.com/74sosfk)
2012        Jun 19, Washington state authorities said Ricky Charles Goodrich (54) of Novato, Ca., has been charged with stealing $380,000 from Pearl Jam, a Seattle grunge band. He stole from the band from 2006 until 2010, when he was fired from his position as chief financial officer.
    (SFC, 6/20/12, p.C3)
2012        Jun 19, US-based Walgreens said it was spending $6.7 billion (£4.3 billion) to take a 45-percent stake in British-based Alliance Boots to create the world's largest retail pharmacy chain.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, Joan Scott (b.1921), Hollywood screenwriter, died. For years she took credit for work by her blacklisted husband, Adrian Scott, under the pseudonym Joanne Court. Adrian was one of the Hollywood 10 who went to prison for refusing to cooperate with the House Un-American Activities committee in 1947. Joan Scott did write many of the Lassie TV stories after her husband became stumped for ideas in 1955 as well as stories for “Have Gun Will Travel."
    (SFC, 6/29/12, p.C5)
2012        Jun 19, In southern Afghanistan militants stormed a NATO military base in Kandahar province. All 7 attackers were reported killed. 3 policemen were killed and 9 others were injured during an hour-long gun battle that ensued after militants attacked a police checkpoint in Kandahar City. 8 civilians died in a roadside bomb explosion in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, Algerian troops killed eight Islamist militants in the Kabylie region, where Al Qaeda-linked groups remain active.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 19, In Brazil “Rio+20," the biggest UN summit on sustainable development in a decade, approved a draft agreement filled with weasel words and compromises. A decision on managing global oceans was postponed for 3 years.
    (Econ, 6/23/12, p.64)
2012        Jun 19, WikiLeaks chief Julian Assange made a run for the Ecuadorean Embassy in London, seeking asylum in a long shot move that, if successful, would place him in a small, friendly South American country rather than in Sweden facing questioning about alleged sex crimes.
    (AP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 19, Egypt's Hosni Mubarak (84) suffered a stroke in prison and was put on life support. State news initially said Mubarek was “clinically dead."
    (AFP, 6/19/12)(AP, 6/20/12)(SFC, 6/20/12, p.A4)
2012        Jun 19, In southern Haiti a bus overturned in a rain-swollen river. Officials differed about the number of people who died. Local civil protection officials were said to have recovered the bodies of 40 people. The bus owner said there were 27 people aboard and that only eight people are missing.
    (AP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, Iran's President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad stopped in Bolivia en route to a summit in Brazil, to court support from another leftist Latin American nation which has tense ties with the United States.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, The world powers known as "P5+1," permanent UN Security Council members Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, plus Germany, failed to win any concession from Iran that would give the talks a new impulse. Negotiators in Moscow managed to prevent the diplomatic process from complete collapse by agreeing a new meeting at expert-level in Istanbul on July 3.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 19, Typhoon Guchol cut across Japan's main island of Honshu, as flights were cancelled and evacuations ordered.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, Kenyan police officers arrested two Iranians suspected of being involved in terrorism. Officials later said the men, who led authorities to a cache of explosives after their arrest, planned to attack Israeli, US, British or Saudi targets inside Kenya.
    (AP, 6/22/12)(AFP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jun 19, Kurdish rebels attacked Turkish military units with mortars and rocket-propelled grenades in southeastern Turkey, sparking clashes in which 10 rebels and eight soldiers died.
    (AP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, In southwestern Niger clashes pitting farmers against herders over a long-disputed piece of land left seven people dead.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 19, Nigerian authorities slapped a round-the-clock curfew on Damaturu as fresh gunfire rocked the restive northeastern city. A radical Islamist sect unleashed multiple attacks in Damaturu, killing at least 25 people as fears swelled about the government's inability to corral rising sectarian violence. Habibu Bama, a suspect in the 2011 Christmas Day bombings that killed at least 44 people, was arrested in Damaturu, following a shootout with the military joint task force. Bama died soon after sustaining injuries from the gun battle.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)(AP, 6/19/12)(AP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 19, Nigerian tycoon Aliko Dangote, Africa's richest man according to Forbes magazine, was reinstated as president of the Nigerian Stock Exchange, the position from which he was removed two years ago.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, Pakistan's top court, led by chief justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, disqualified PM Yousuf Raza Gilani from office in a stunning move likened to a "judicial coup" that threw the country into fresh turmoil. The ruling rendered invalid any decision taken by Gilani since April 26. Chaudhry's reputation was dented this month by allegations that his son accepted payments worth $3.6 million from a property tycoon in a failed effort to sway the outcome of court cases.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, The bodies of two Palestinian teenagers were recovered by medics after an early morning Israeli air strike in Deir al-Balah. The Israeli military confirmed that 11 rockets had hit southern Israel since midnight. Unknown attackers set fire to a West Bank mosque and sprayed it with Hebrew graffiti, in an incident that bore the hallmarks of an attack by extremist Jewish settlers.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, Romania’s PM Victor Ponta faced claims that he had plagiarized half of his doctoral thesis. Two of his education ministers had already resigned for allegedly copying academic work. On June 29 an academic panel ruled that Ponta had plagiarized large sections of his thesis and called for him to be stripped of his doctorate. Ponta soon fired the academic body that upheld the charges.
    (SFC, 6/20/12, p.A2)(SFC, 6/30/12, p.A2)(Econ, 7/14/12, p.47)
2012        Jun 19, A Russian ship allegedly carrying refurbished attack helicopters and missiles destined for Syria has stopped off the Scottish coast after its British insurer, Standard Club, withdrew cover for the MV Alaed. On June 24 the ship was re-flagged as a Russian vessel.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)(SFC, 7/13/12, p.A4)
2012        Jun 19, The UN tribunal for Rwanda handed a life sentence to Ildephonse Nizeyimana, a former army captain nicknamed the "Butcher of Butare," for his role in the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 19, Syria's government said it was ready to act on a UN call to evacuate civilians trapped in the rebellious central city of Homs for more than a week, but blamed rebels for obstructing efforts to get them out. The Observatory later said 62 people were killed today across the country.
    (AP, 6/19/12)(AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 19, Double amputee Spencer West completed his ascent of Mount Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania. West (31) of Canada, lost the use of both legs at the age of five. West and his two best friends, David Johnson and Alex Meers made the ascent to raise money for Free the Children, an organization that supplies drinking water to hundreds of people in Kenya.
    (AFP, 6/23/12)
2012        Jun 19, Togolese authorities detained former prime minister and opposition figure Agbeyome Kodjo in the wake of protests last week. He was released later in the day.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, In Turkey thousands of feminists and activists sent a petition to several government ministries to protest a bill that would ban abortions beyond the first six weeks of pregnancy.
    (AFP, 6/19/12)
2012        Jun 19, In Yemen 3 civilians were killed in Zinjibar by landmines planted by militants. US General James N. Mattis, commander of US Central Command, met with Yemen's President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi and senior military officials and reaffirmed the US commitment to a strong partnership.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)

2013        Jun 19, President Barack Obama spoke in Berlin challenging Americans and Europeans not to become complacent even though the Cold War is over. He called for a one-third reduction of the US and Russia's nuclear stockpiles.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, The United States said it has agreed to resume bilateral talks with Cuba on migration issues next month, the latest evidence of a thaw in chilly relations between the Cold War enemies.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, The US Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md., charged 3 Navy football players with sexually assaulting a female midshipman at an off-campus house in April, 2012.
    (SFC, 6/20/13, p.A7)
2013        Jun 19, The World Food Prize Foundation awarded this year’s prize to 3 pioneers of plant biotechnology: Marc Van Montagu, founder and chairman of the Institute of Plant Biotechnology Outreach at Ghent Univ. in Belgium; Mary-Dell Chilton, founder and researcher of Syngenta Biotechnology; and Robert Fraley, chief technology officer at Monsanto.
    (SFC, 6/20/13, p.A6)
2013        Jun 19, James Gandolfini (b.1961), Emmy-winning lead star of the HBO TV series “The Sopranos," died in Italy of a heart attack.
    (SFC, 6/20/13, p.A6)
2013        Jun 19, Afghan President Hamid Karzai suspended talks with the United States on a new security deal to protest the way his government was being left out of the initial peace negotiations with the Taliban.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, In Brazil street demonstrations popped up again around the country as protesters continued their collective cry against the low-quality public services they receive in exchange for high taxes and high prices. Leaders in Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo reversed an increase in bus and subway fares which ignited anti-government protests over the past week.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, Britain's Girl Guides unveiled their new pledge. Gone is the reference to loving God, replaced by a call to "be true to myself and develop my beliefs." It also retained a reference to serving the queen.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, The UK's highest court ruled that the government was wrong to have imposed sanctions on an Iranian bank in 2009 over alleged links to Iran's nuclear program. The decision mirrored a January ruling by the European Union's General Court, which overturned sanctions imposed in 2010, and could result in the bank suing Britain for damages.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, China’s Communist Party newspapers and websites proclaimed that Pres. Xi will fight "formalism, bureaucracy, hedonism and extravagance." Xi commanded wayward cadres to purify themselves of corruption and summed it up in a pithy slogan: “Look in the mirror, take a bath."
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, Chinese conglomerate Dalian Wanda Group said it would spend $1.6 billion (1 billion pounds) to buy British yacht maker Sunseeker and develop an upmarket London hotel, the latest example of a trend for Chinese companies to acquire top luxury global brands.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, In Hungary former PM Gyula Horn (b.1932) died. He had served as prime minister from 1994-1998.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, India's PM Singh said that the death toll from flooding this week in the northern state of Uttrakhand had reached 102 and could rise substantially.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up inside politician Younis al-Rammah's guest house in Ninevah province. Al-Rammah and 4 relatives were killed, and six others were wounded.  A bomb placed near a juice cart exploded in the Shiite neighborhood of Shula in Baghdad, killing 2 people and wounding eight others. 7 people were killed and 24 were wounded when two bombs exploded simultaneously on a soccer field while teenagers and young adults were playing in Fallujah.
    (AP, 6/19/13)(AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 19, In Italy a Milan court convicted the designers Domenico Dolce and Stefano Gabbana of tax evasion. They were found guilty of failing to declare 200 million euros ($268 million) through a Luxembourg company to authorities and given a one year and eight months suspended jail sentence. They were also ordered to pay a penalty of 500,000 euros (about $670,000) to tax authorities.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, Japan’s nuclear watchdog formally approved a set of new safety requirements for the country’s nuclear plants.
    (SFC, 6/20/13, p.A3)
2013        Jun 19, In Jordan infiltrators from Syria clashed with Jordanian soldiers near the border. One infiltrator was killed and two wounded.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 19, Norway's Parliament opened up a new area on the fringe of the Arctic Ocean to offshore oil drilling despite protests from opponents who fear catastrophic oil spills in the remote and icy region.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 19, Doctors investigating a new respiratory virus related to SARS, said it spreads easily between people and appears to be more deadly than SARS. The biggest outbreak of the virus, now called MERS, was in Saudi Arabia.
    (SFC, 6/20/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 19, In northwest Pakistan militants attacked a military convoy with rocket-propelled grenades and other heavy weapons, killing 6 soldiers.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, In Somalia 7 al-Shabab gunmen detonated a pick-up truck rigged with explosives at the gate of the UN compound in Mogadishu, launching a bombs-and-gunfire assault that saw militants pour into the complex, killing at least 13 people, including 3 foreigners. The gunmen all died in the assault.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, Syrian troops backed by Lebanese Hezbollah fighters clashed with rebel forces south of a Damascus suburb that is home to the Shiite shrine of Sayida Zeinab.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, A state security prosecutor in the United Arab Emirates said 30 Egyptian and UAE suspects have been charged with plotting a coup linked to a network of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood, in a case likely to further strain relations with Cairo.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, Vietnam’s Pres. Truong Tan Sang left Hanoi to pay his first state visit to China as President. The two countries signed a new strategic partnership during the visit.
    (http://tinyurl.com/k69vwr7)(Econ, 10/19/13, p.49)
2013        Jun 19, Zimbabwe's highest court said it has received an application from longtime President Robert Mugabe's party to delay crucial elections by at least two weeks following pressure from regional leaders.
    (AP, 6/19/13)
2013        Jun 19, In Zimbabwe Edward Chindori-Chininga, a Zanu-PF member of parliament, died in a car accident after issuing a report on his party’s theft of vast revenues from the diamond fields of Marange.
    (Econ, 6/29/13, p.44)

2014        Jun 19, A California state auditor blasted federal and state oversight of sterilization surgeries for female prison inmates after finding more than a quarter of 144 tubal ligations, performed from 2006 to 2013, were done without lawful consent.
    (SFC, 6/20/14, p.A1)
2014        Jun 19, Gerry Goffin (b.1939), pop lyricist, died at his home in Los Angeles. During the 1960s he and his then wife Carole King wrote such songs “A Natural Woman," “Take Good Care of My Baby," Up on the Roof," “The Loco-Motion," and “Will You Love Me Tomorrow" (1960).
    (SSFC, 6/22/14, p.C5)
2014        Jun 19, In eastern Afghanistan four Taliban militants struck a NATO post in Nangarhar province, destroying dozens of trucks and sparking a gun battle with police.
    (Reuters, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, Australia's highest court ruled that it is unconstitutional for the federal government to fund a program that provides chaplains to schools.
    (AP, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, In Bulgaria flash floods killed at least 12 people including two children, with others missing after torrential rains lashed the east of the country.
    (AFP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 19, China said it is moving a second oil rig closer to Vietnam's coast, showing its determination to press its territorial claims and continue searching for resources in disputed waters despite a tense confrontation with Vietnam over another oil rig to the south.
    (AP, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, In eastern China a court sentenced to up to 6 ½ years in prison three activists who were part of a nascent civil rights movement that has urged government officials to publicly disclose their assets. A court in southern Guangxi region sentenced to death He Shenguo, who killed two government workers and injured four other people in an argument related to the one-child policy.
    (AP, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, Chinese PM Li Keqiang arrived on an official three-day visit to Greece, which the Greek government hopes will lead to trade and investment deals that will boost the recession-plagued economy.
    (AP, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, Chinese authorities arrested 11 North Koreans who had fled their country and will likely deport them back to the North where they could face severe punishment.
    (AP, 7/2/14)
2014        Jun 19, Growing numbers of French railway employees returned to work after lawmakers voted to approve the broad outline of a railway reform that has triggered a nine-day strike.
    (Reuters, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, An injured German caver was hauled out of the country's deepest cavern by a multinational rescue operation that involved more than 700 people. Johann Westhauser (52), an experienced caver, had gone into the Riesending cave system in the Alps with two companion on June 8 and was injured during a rock fall.
    (AP, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, It was reported that India is cracking down on foreign-funded charities after receiving an internal report alleging they are costing the country up to 3 percent of its GDP by rallying communities against polluting industries.
    (AP, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, In Iraq Col. Ali al-Qureishi told state-run Iraqiya television by telephone that the Beiji oil facility remained under his control. He said his forces had killed nearly 100 militants since June 17. The Beiji refinery accounts for just over a quarter of the country's entire refining capacity.
    (AP, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, In Iraq the bullet-riddled bodies of 4 handcuffed men, presumably Sunnis, were discovered in the Shiite Baghdad district of Abu Dashir. A roadside bomb hit a police patrol on a highway in the east of Baghdad, killing 2 police officers and wounding two. A car bomb also exploded inside a parking lot in Baghdad's southeastern Shiite neighborhood of New Baghdad, killing 3 people and wounding seven.
    (AP, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, Israeli forces traded gunfire with Palestinians in the fiercest street battles in the occupied West Bank since a search began for three Israeli teenagers missing for a week. 30 "terror suspects" were detained in the West Bank, bringing to 280 the number of Palestinians taken into custody over the past week.
    (Reuters, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, An Israeli court sentenced former Jerusalem mayor Uri Lupolianski to six years in prison for his part in a corruption scandal involving ex-premier Ehud Olmert.
    (AFP, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, Kenyan fighter jets attacked two bases belonging to Islamist al Shabaab insurgents in Somalia and killed at least 80 militants. Al Shabaab rebels denied any of its fighters had been killed.
    (Reuters, 6/23/14)
2014        Jun 19, In Pakistan thousands of refugees poured out of North Waziristan, terrified by both state troops and Taliban insurgents fighting for control of the troubled region.
    (Reuters, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, Philippine security forces battled Abu Sayyaf militants in the south in fierce clashes that killed 6 troops and 10 rebels. A military investigation concluded on July 10 that friendly fire and not Muslim extremists killed six elite army soldiers during the clash.
    (AP, 6/19/14)(AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jun 19, In Spain divorced former journalist, Letizia Ortiz, became Spain's first commoner queen when her husband, Felipe VI (46), was sworn in as king.
    (Reuters, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 19, In Syria a car bomb exploded near a school in the pro-government Nazha district of Homs, killing 3 people and wounding nine.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 19, Ukrainian troops and pro-Russian separatists were locked in fierce fighting in the east after rebels rejected a call to lay down their arms in line with a peace plan proposed by Pres. Petro Poroshenko.
    (Reuters, 6/19/14)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Go to June 20