Today in History - June 20

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451        Jun 20, Roman and Barbarian warriors halted Attila’s army at the Catalaunian Plains (Catalarinische Fields) in eastern France. Attila the Hun was defeated by a combined Roman and Visigoth army. Theodoric I, the Visigothic king, was killed. The Huns moved south into Italy but were defeated again. Some sources date this on Sep 20. Attila and his brother Bleda jointly inherited the Hunnish Kingdom, headquartered in what later became Hungary. Attila later murdered Bleda to gain full control.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Catalaunian_Plains)(V.D.-H.K.p.88)(ON, 4/12, p.3)

1567            Jun 20, Jews were expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don Henrique.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1597            Jun 20, Willem Barents, Dutch explorer who discovered Spitsbergen & Bereneil, died. In 1995 Rayner Unwin authored “A Winter Away from Home," an account of Barents’ Arctic voyages.
    (WUD, 1994 p.120)(SSFC, 12/10/00, p.C17)(MC, 6/20/02)

1632            Jun 20, Britain granted 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1674            Jun 20, Nicholas Rowe, poet laureate of England, was born.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1675        Jun 20, King Philip’s War began when Indians--retaliating for the execution of three of their people who had been charged with murder by the English--massacred colonists at Swansea, Plymouth colony. Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan & Wampanoag Indians formed an anti English front. Wampanoag warriors attacked livestock and looted farms.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Philip%27s_War)(AH, 6/02, p.46)

1723            Jun 20, Adam Ferguson, Scottish man of letters, philosopher, historian, and patriot, was born. He wrote "Principals of Moral and Political Science."
    (HN, 6/20/99)

1743            Jun 20, The British warship Centurion under Commodore George Anson engaged and overcame the Spanish treasure galleon, Nuestra Senora de Covadonga, near the Philippines. 58 Spaniards were killed and 83 wounded. Anson captured over 1 million Spanish silver dollars and 500 pounds of native silver.
    (ON, 4/01, p.7)

1756            Jun 20, In India rebels defeated the British army at Calcutta. British soldiers were imprisoned in a suffocating cell that gained notoriety as the "Black Hole of Calcutta." Most of them died. The exact circumstances of this incident, such as the number of prisoners, originally put at 146, are disputed.
    (HN, 6/20/98)(AP, 6/20/07)

1763            Jun 20, Theobald Wolfe Tone (d.1798), Irish nationalist, was born.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1782            Jun 20, Congress approved the Great Seal of the United States and the eagle as its symbol.
    (AP, 6/20/97)(SFC, 6/2/04, G9)

1789            Jun 20, Oath on the Tennis Court in Versailles, France, bonded members of the Third Estate to resist eviction until they have a new constitution.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1791            Jun 20, King Louis XVI of France attempted to flee the country in the so-called Flight to Varennes, but was caught.
    (AP, 6/20/97)

1819            Jun 20, Jacques Offenbach (d.1880), French composer (Tales of Hoffmann), was born in Cologne. His work included the comedy opera "Barbe-Bleue" (Blue Beard).
    (MC, 6/20/02)(WSJ, 2/20/98, p.A16)
1819            Jun 20, The paddle-wheel steamship Savannah arrives in Liverpool, England, after a voyage of 27 days and 11 hours--the first steamship to successfully cross the Atlantic.
    (HN, 6/20/01)

1825            Jun 20, Coronation of French king Charles X, the surviving brother of guillotined Louis XVI.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1837            Jun 20, Queen Victoria (18) ascended the British throne following the death of her uncle, King William IV (b.1765). She ruled for 63 years to 1901.
    (AP, 6/20/97)(WSJ, 4/27/00, p.A24)(HN, 6/20/01)

1840            Jun 20, Samuel F.B. Morse, a popular artist, patented his telegraph.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1858            Jun 20, Charles Chesnutt, African-American novelist, was born in Cleveland. In 2002 Werner Sollors edited “Chesnutt: Stories, Novels, and Essays."
    (HN, 6/20/01)(WSJ, 1/22/02, p.A11)

1863            Jun 20, West Virginia became the 35th state.
    (AP, 6/20/97)

1864            Jun 20, Battle of Petersburg, VA, in trenches.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1866            Jun 20, Lord George ESMH Carnarvon, Egyptologist (Tutankhamen), was born in England.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1867            Jun 20, Pres. Andrew Johnson announced the purchase of Alaska.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1876            Jun 20, Antonio L de Santa Ana, president of Mexico and victor at Alamo, died.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1887            Jun 20, Kurt Schwitters (d.1948), German artist, was born. He spent a year and a half in an internment camp on the Isle of Man during WW II where he managed to create some 200 works of art from salvaged scraps.
    (WSJ, 8/19/97, p.A17)(HN, 6/20/01)

1893            Jun 20, A jury in New Bedford, Mass., found Lizzie Borden innocent of the ax murders of her father, wealthy Fall River, Massachusetts, businessman Andrew Borden and his wife, Abby Borden. Lizzie Borden, defended by a team of skilled lawyers, was acquitted—some say on the strength of her lawyers’ portrayal of Lizzie as a respectable woman who could not have committed such brutal acts. Local townspeople were unconvinced, however, and Lizzie Borden was ostracized for the rest of her life.
    (AP, 6/20/97)(HNPD, 8/4/98)

1894            Jun 20, George Delacorte, philanthropist, publisher (Dell Books), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1898            Jun 20, During the Spanish-American War on the way to the Philippines to fight the Spanish, the U.S. Navy cruiser Charleston seized the island of Guam.
    (AP, 6/20/98)(HN, 6/20/98)

1899            Jun 20, Jean Moulin, French Resistance fighter against Nazi Germany, was born.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1901            Jun 20, Charlotte M. Manye of South Africa became the first native African to graduate from
    American University.
    (HN, 6/20/00)

1907            Jun 20, Lillian Hellman (d.1984), American author and playwright (The Little Foxes, Toys in the Attic), was born. “Success and failure are not true opposites and they’re not even in the same class; they’re not even a couch and a chair."
    (AP, 1/28/01)(HN, 6/20/01)

1909            Jun 20, Errol Flynn, actor who starred in “The Adventures of Robin Hood" and “Captain Blood" among many other movies, was born.
    (HN, 6/20/98)
1909            Jun 20, The first honeymoon in a balloon.
    (HFA, '96, p.32)

1910            Jun 20, Chester Arthur Burnett (d.1976) was born in West Point, Mississippi. He later became known as the blues singer Howlin’ Wolf.
    (SSFC, 7/4/04, p.M6)(www.britannica.com)
1910            Jun 20, Josephine Johnson, Pulitzer Prize-winning author (Jordanstown, Wildwood), was born.
    (HN, 6/20/01)
1910            Jun 20, Mexican President Porfirio Diaz proclaimed martial law and arrested hundreds.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1915            Jun 20, There was a German offensive in Argonne.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1919            Jun 20, Treaty of Versailles: Germany ended the incorporation of Austria. [see Jun 28]
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1920            Jun 20, Race riots in Chicago, Illinois left two dead and many wounded.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1923            Jun 20, Pres. Harding set out on a 7,500-mile “Voyage of Understanding" through the northwest. The 57-year-old Harding, who suffered from heart disease, was so shaken by breaking reports of corruption in his administration that he went on a cross-country speaking tour to strengthen his position.
    (SFC, 8/1/98, p.A19)(HN, 8/2/98)
1923            Jun 20, France announced it would seize the Rhineland to assist Germany in paying her war debts.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1924            Jun 20, Chet Atkins, guitarist, was born.
    (HN, 6/20/01)
1924            Jun 20, Audie Murphy was born in Kingston, Tx. He became the most decorated American soldier of World War II who went on to make movies and write a book about his war experiences called “To Hell and Back."
    (HN, 6/20/98)(MC, 6/20/02)

1928            Jun 20, Jean-Marie Le-Pen, leader of the National Front party in France, was born.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1931            Jun 20, Olympia Dukakis, actress (Moonstruck, Cemetery Club), was born in Lowell, Mass.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1936            Jun 20, Jesse Owens of US set a 100 meter record at 10.2 sec.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1941            Jun 20, U.S. Army Air Forces was established, replacing the Army Air Corps.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1942            Jun 20, Brian Wilson (Beach Boys), was born.
    (MC, 6/20/02)
1942            Jun 20, Adolf Eichmann proclaimed the deportation of Dutch Jews.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1943            Jun 20, Race-related rioting erupted in Detroit; federal troops were sent in two days later to quell the violence that resulted in 34 deaths and 600 wounded.
    (AP, 6/20/97)(SSFC, 12/17/00, Par p.5)

1944            Jun 20, The US Congress chartered the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
    (MC, 6/20/02)
1944            Jun 20, Vice Admiral Marc Mitchner, commander of the U.S. Task Force 58, ordered all lights on his ships turned on to help guide his carrier-based pilots back from the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
    (HN, 6/20/99)
1944            Jun 20, Nazis began mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1946            Jun 20, Andre Watts, pianist, was born.
    (HN, 6/20/01)

1947            Jun 20, President Truman vetoed the Taft-Hartley Act, but had his veto overridden by Congress. The act declared the closed shop illegal and permitted the union shop only following a majority employee vote. [see Jun 4]
    (WSJ, 6/19/96, Adv. Supl)(SFC, 9/26/96, p.C2)(AP, 6/20/97)(SFC, 10/4/02, p.A17)
1947            Jun 20, Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel was shot dead at the Beverly Hills, Calif., mansion of his girlfriend, Virginia Hill, at the order of mob associates angered over the soaring costs of Siegel's pet project, the Flamingo resort in Las Vegas, Nev.
    (AP, 6/20/97)

1948            Jun 20, The variety series "Toast of the Town," hosted by Ed Sullivan, debuted on CBS-TV. Guests included Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis, concert pianist Eugene List, and Broadway songwriters Rodgers and Hammerstein. The program became "The Ed Sullivan Show" in 1955.
    (AP, 6/20/98)

1952            Jun 20, John Goodman (actor: Roseanne, The Flintstones, The Babe), was born.
    (MC, 6/20/02)

1954            Jun 20, Ilan Ramon, Israeli pilot and astronaut, was born in Tel Aviv. He was among the 7 astronauts killed in the US Columbia space shuttle tragedy Feb 1, 2003.
    (SSFC, 2/2/03, p.A8)

1955            Jun 20, Michael Anthony, (bassist for Van Halen), was born.
    (MC, 6/20/02)
1955            Jun 20, The 10th commemorative session of the UN opened in SF with delegates from 60 nations. Pres. Eisenhower pledged a US policy of “peaceful and reasonable negotiations" with all other powers.
    (SFC, 6/17/05, p.F3)
1955             Jun 20, The AFL and CIO agreed to combine names for a merged group.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1958             Jun 20, FBI headquarters learned of Ronald Reagan’s desire to star in the film “The FBI Story." The bureau rejected the idea because of Reagan’s association with Communist front organizations in the 1940s.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F3)

1963             Jun 20, The United States and Soviet Union signed an agreement to set up a hot line communications link between the two superpowers and a treaty was signed limiting nuclear testing.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1963)(AP, 6/20/97)(HN, 6/20/98)

1964             Jun 20, General William Westmoreland succeeded General Paul Harkins as head of the U.S. forces in Vietnam.
    (HN, 6/20/98)

1967        Jun 20, Boxer Muhammad Ali was convicted in Houston of violating Selective Service laws by refusing to be drafted. He was soon sentenced to five years in prison but was released on appeal. His conviction was overturned three years later by the US Supreme Court.
    (AP, 6/20/97)(www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3404700148.html)

1971             Jun 20, A 5-day Glastonbury Fair opened at Worthy Farm near Glastonbury, England. Arabella Spencer-Churchill (1949-2007), granddaughter of former PM Winston Churchill, helped found the fair. It featured Hawkwind, Traffic, Melanie, David Bowie, Joan Baez and Fairport Convention, and attracted some 12,000 people. Revived as a three-day festival in 1979, it had grown by 2007 to draw 153,000 people to hear acts including Coldplay, Brian Wilson, Kaiser Chiefs and Elvis Costello.
    (AP, 12/21/07)(www.efestivals.co.uk/festivals/glastonbury/1971/)

1972             Jun 20, President Richard Nixon named General Creigton Abrams as Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. armed forces.
    (HN, 6/20/98)
1972             Jun 20, Pres. Nixon recorded on tape information relating to the Jun 16 Watergate break-in. Sections of the tape were later erased, allegedly accidentally by sec. Rose Mary Woods. A panel of experts examined the tape to see if the 18-minute gap was intentional. Richard H. Bolt (d.2002 at 90), acoustic expert at Bolt, Beranek and Newman, later said that if it was an accident than it was committed at least 5 times in the 18 minutes.
    (SFC, 2/4/02, p.B5)

1973             Jun 20, Juan Peron (1895-1974) returned to Argentina.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Peron)(SFC, 12/24/96, p.A8)

1975             Jun 20, The Steven Spielberg shark thriller "Jaws" was first released.
    (AP, 6/20/05)

1977             Jun 20, The 1st oil of the Alaska pipeline began to flow south 799 miles from Prudhoe Bay to the port of Valdez. It reached Valdez on Jul 28.
    (www.alyeska-pipe.com/pipelinefacts.html)

1979             Jun 20, Robin Samsoe (12) was kidnapped in Huntington Beach, Ca. Her dismembered and decomposing body was found 12 days later in the Angeles National Forest. Rodney Alcala was arrested and convicted of the slaying in 1980, but the sentence was overturned. He was convicted again in 1986 but a judge faulted the ruling in 2005 and a retrial was scheduled. Alcala pleaded innocent to 4 other sex-torture killings that dated back to 1977.
    (SFC, 11/23/05, p.B3)(www.kleph.com/story/ruling.htm)
1979             Jun 20, Nikola Kavaja (d.2008 at 77) hijacked a US passenger jet with the intention of crashing it into Yugoslav Communist Party headquarters in Belgrade. He abandoned his hijack mission in Ireland, saying at the time he was not sure of the exact location of the downtown party office and did not want innocent civilians to die if the jet missed the target.
    (AP, 11/12/08)(www.nytimes.com/2008/11/12/world/europe/12kavaja.html)
1979             Jun 20, ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart was shot to death in Managua, Nicaragua, by a member of President Anastasio Somoza's national guard.
    (AP, 6/20/99)

1980             Jun 20, Lake Powell, straddling the Arizona-Utah border behind the Glen Canyon Dam, completed its fill, which began in 1963.
    (SFEC, 8/24/97, p.A1)(www.lakepowell.com/travel/glen-canyon-dam.cfm)

1983             Jun 20, The crew of the space shuttle Challenger, including America's first woman in space, Sally K. Ride, launched the Indonesian-owned Palapa B communications satellite into orbit.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2uu2fj)

1987             Jun 20, Tens of thousands of riot police in South Korea clashed with demonstrators.
    (AP, 6/20/97)

1988             Jun 20, The US Supreme Court unanimously upheld a New York City law making it illegal for private clubs to generally exclude women and minorities.
    (AP, 6/20/98)

1989             Jun 20, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev greeted the speaker of Iran's parliament, Hashemi Rafsanjani, who was visiting Moscow.
    (AP, 6/20/99)
1990             Jun 20, South African black nationalist Nelson Mandela and his wife, Winnie, arrived in New York City for a ticker-tape parade in their honor as they began an eight-city US tour.
    (AP, 6/20/00)
1990             Jun 20, In Russia the Communist Initiative created its neoconservative Russian Communist Party. Among the founders were Gennady Zyuganov, Valentin Kuptsov, and Alexander Rutskoi. Gorbachev still ran the country.
    (SFC, 6/10/96, p.A16)

1991             Jun 20, Boris Yeltsin, the newly elected president of the Russian republic, was welcomed to the White House by President Bush.
    (AP, 6/20/01)
1991             Jun 20, German lawmakers voted to move the seat of the national government from Bonn back to Berlin.
    (SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A24)(AP, 6/20/01)

1992        Jun 20, Indian officials raided Vachathi village in southern Tamil Nadu state to search for smuggled sandalwood. 18 women were reportedly raped and 100 people were badly beaten during the two-day raid. On Sep 29, 2011, an Indian court found 17 police and forest officials guilty of raping the group of lower-caste women.
    (AP, 9/29/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3wyvf2j)
1992             Jun 20, An enraged mob forced South African President F.W. de Klerk to cut short a visit to the black township of Boipatong, the scene of a massacre three days earlier.
    (AP, 6/20/97)

1993             Jun 20, The Chicago Bulls won their third NBA title in a row as they defeated the Phoenix Suns in Game 6 of their championship series, 99-98.
    (AP, 6/20/98)

1994             Jun 20, O.J. Simpson pleaded innocent in Los Angeles to the killing of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
    (AP, 6/20/99)
1994             Jun 20, Former airman Dean Allen Mellberg went on a shooting rampage at Fairchild Air Force Base near Spokane, Wash., killing four people and wounding 22 others before being killed by a military police sharpshooter.
    (AP, 6/20/04)

1995             Jun 20, US Air Force Captain Jim Wang, a radar officer, was cleared of wrongdoing in a     friendly fire attack on two US helicopters over northern Iraq in 1994 that resulted in 26 deaths.
    (AP, 6/20/00)
1995        Jun 20-1995 Jun 21, The Mount Zion AME Church in Greeleyville, S.C., was destroyed by fire. On the next day the Macedonia Baptist Church in Bloomville was burned. In 1996 two KKK members, Gary Cox and Timothy Welch, were charged in federal court for setting the fires. They pleaded guilty on 8/14/96. Former Klansmen Hubert Rowell and Arthur Haley pleaded guilty to 4 counts of conspiracy in the fires in Dec 1996. In 1998 the Christian Knights of KKK and Horace King, Grand Dragon of South Carolina, were ordered to pay $37.8 million in damages for the burning of the Macedonia Baptist church.
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.A6)(SFC, 8/15/96, p.A4)(SFC, 12/10/96, p.A3)(SFC, 7/25/98, p.A3)

1996             Jun 20, The Clinton administration announced it would veto the re-election of U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.
    (AP, 6/20/97)
1996             Jun 20, Westinghouse Electric agreed to buy Infinity Broadcasting for $3.9 billion.
    (AP, 6/20/97)
1996             Jun 20, Scientists announced the identification of the co-factor involved in human AIDS viral reproduction. Chemokin receptor-5, CKR5, is the name of the HIV co-factor.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.A3)
1996             Jun 20, The recent issue of Nature reported that fossil bones from 130-120 million ago were found in a jungle streambed in northeastern Thailand of a 21 foot tyrannosaur. It was named Siamotyrannus isanensis. The finding added to evidence that tyrannosaurs evolved in Asia.
    (SFC, 6/20/96, p.C12)
1996             Jun 20, In 1996 there were allegations of kickbacks from a 1988 European Airbus jets sale to Canada. Swiss Bank records were sought in a corruption probe. Former Prime Minister Mulroney filed suit for being named in the scandal.
    (WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A14)
1996             Jun 20, "Revolt Against Modernity: Leo Strauss, Eric Voegelin, and the search for a Postliberal Order" by Ted v. McAllister was reviewed by Robert Devigne. It discusses the modern political thinking wherein the search for knowledge is directed by humanity to master its environment.
    (WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A16)
1996             Jun 20, In Albania a court convicted 3 top ex-Communist officials for deporting more than 70 dissidents when they headed regional Communist administrations. The European Parliament urged Albania to hold another vote due to balloting irregularities in the May 26 and June 2 elections.
    (SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)(SFC, 6/22/96, p.A13)
1996             Jun 20, China was to announce the convertibility of its currency, the yuan, for trade, services, debt payment and profit repatriation by foreign companies.
    (WSJ, 6/20/96, p.A14)
1996             Jun 20, In Indonesia fighting broke out when the army backed dissidents who wanted to oust Megawati Sukarnoputri as leader of the opposition Indonesian Democratic Party. Party members fought with troops in Jakarta in support of Megawati who is seen as a threat to Pres. Suharto.
    (SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)
1996             Jun 20, In northern Nicaragua mediators began negotiations for the release of a group of about 30 election workers recently kidnapped by 15 re-armed contras and taken to Honduras.
    (SFC, 6/21/96, p.A14)
1996             Jun 20, In Russia Yeltsin fired 3 aides. Alexander Korzhakov, head of his personal security force; Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets; and Mikhail Barshukov, head of a KGB successor agency.
    (WSJ, 6/21/96, p.A1)

1997             Jun 20, US tobacco negotiators announced a settlement that would require cigarette companies to pay $368.5 billion over the next 25 years to compensate states for smoking-related illnesses, to finance anti-smoking programs, and to underwrite health care for millions of uninsured children in exchange for major relief from mounting lawsuits and legal bills.
    (SFC, 6/21/97, p.A1)(AP, 6/20/98)
1997             Jun 20, The summit of industrialized nations opened in Denver, with Russia taking its place as the new eighth partner.
    (AP, 6/20/98)
1997             Jun 20, A jury in Trenton, N.J., ordered the death penalty for Jesse K. Timmendequas, whose rape and strangling of his 7-year-old neighbor, Megan Kanka, led to the creation of "Megan's Laws" requiring that communities be notified of sex offenders in their midst.
    (AP, 6/20/07)
1997             Jun 20, In Cambodia government sources announced that former Khmer Rouge troops had captured Pol Pot.
    (SFC, 6/21/97, p.A10)
1997             Jun 20, In Mexico authorities announced the discovery of 53 properties, 36 bank accounts and 4 aliases for Raul Salinas.
    (SFC, 6/21/97, p.A11)
1997             Jun 20, In Spain former prime minister Felipe Gonzalez quit as the leader of the Spanish Socialist Party. He was succeeded by Joaquin Almunia.
    (WSJ, 6/23/97, p.A1)
1997             Jun 20, In Turkey Pres. Demirel asked Mesut Yilmaz, leader of the Motherland Party, to form a new government.
    (SFC, 6/21/97, p.A10)

1998             Jun 20, On the eve of Father's Day, President Clinton used his weekly radio address to announce the release of the first wave of almost $60 million in prostate cancer research grants.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
1998        Jun 20, Hanna “Kali" Weynerowska (100), a San Francisco-based Polish artist, died. In 1988 she had bequeathed 78 artworks to a Polish government museum in Switzerland, but they soon disappeared. In 2014 75 of her original works were found in Santa Rosa and shipped to Rapperswil, Switzerland.
    (SFC, 4/12/14, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/mzjt2v3)
1998             Jun 20, Seven people were killed on the Pennsylvania Turnpike when a Greyhound bus crashed into a tractor-trailer parked on the shoulder. At least 18 people were hurt. The driver was on his last run before retirement. he was among the dead with his wife and boy that they took care of.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A10)(WSJ, 6/22/98, p.A1)
1998             Jun 20, In Belarus ambassadors of the EU nations announced that they would leave the country to protest a government move barring them from their homes.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A17)
1998             Jun 20, Iran reversed its opposition to a UN plan, passed the previous day, permitting Iraq to spend $300 million of revenues from the oil-for-food program to buy spare parts to rebuild its oil industry.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A25)
             Jun 20, Suekiku Miyanaga (107), Japan’s oldest person, died in Osumi.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A25)
1998             Jun 20, In Kosovo 3 Serbian police were killed and four were held by the Kosovo separatist army during fighting in the Decani area.
    (SFEC, 6/21/98, p.A25)

1999             Jun 20, Golfer Payne Stewart won his second US Open title, by one stroke over Phil Mickelson.
    (AP, 6/20/00)
1999             Jun 20, Pres. Clinton met with Pres. Yeltsin in Germany and they agreed to rekindle efforts to reduce their nuclear arsenals.
    (SFC, 6/21/99, p.A1)
1999             Jun 20, The Cuban Evangelical Celebration, billed as the first Protestant gathering of its kind, was held in Havana's Plaza of the Revolution with Castro present.
    (SFC, 6/21/99, p.A10)
1999             Jun 20, The last Serbian officer left Kosovo. Pres. Milosevic urged the Serbs of Kosovo to stay in Kosovo under NATO protection. As the last of 40-thousand Yugoslav troops rolled out of Kosovo, NATO declared a formal end to its bombing campaign against Yugoslavia.
    (SFC, 6/21/99, p.A1,7)(AP, 6/20/00)

2000             Jun 20, After a furious last-minute lobbying blitz by the Clinton administration, the Senate voted 57-to-42 to approve legislation making it easier for federal prosecutors to try hate crimes, attaching the measure to a defense authorization bill. However, the House stripped the hate crimes provision from the defense bill the following October.
    (AP, 6/20/01)
2000             Jun 20, Vivendi agreed to acquire Seagram’s Corp. for $30 billion.
    (SFC, 6/21/00, p.C16)
2000             Jun 20, Brazil decreed an immediate ban on the sale of firearms as part of a broad $1.7 billion national security plan.
    (SFC, 6/21/00, p.A14)
2000             Jun 20, In Northern Ireland Ulster Freedom Fighters threatened break their cease-fire and accused Catholic groups of attacking protestant homes.
    (SFC, 6/21/00, p.A12)
2000             Jun 20, In South Korea some 50 thousand members of the medical association went on strike to protest a new system that bans them from selling most drugs.
    (SFC, 6/21/00, p.A16)
2000             Jun 20, In Russia the prosecutor’s office filed to reverse the privatization of Norilsk Nickel, the largest metal company, controlled by oligarch Vladimir Potanin.
    (SFC, 6/21/00, p.A14)

2001             Jun 20, Billy Collins was named the 11th U.S. poet laureate.
    (AP, 6/20/02)
              Jun 20, Andrea Yates (36) of Houston, Texas, drowned her 5 children, ages 6 months to 7 years, at her home near the Johnson Space Center. Yates had been under medication for post-partum depression. In 2002 a jury found Yates guilty of capital murder and sentenced her to life in prison. Her conviction was overturned in 2005 by an appeals court which ruled a prosecution expert witness gave false testimony at her trial. In 2006 a jury found her not guilty by reason of insanity.
    (SFC, 6/21/01, p.A6)(SFC, 3/13/02, p.A1)(SFC, 3/16/02, p.A1)(AP, 1/6/05)(SFC, 7/27/06, p.A3)
2001             Jun 20, In Brazil the Central Bank raised the key interest rate 1.5% to 18.25%.
    (WSJ, 6/22/01, p.A11)
2001             Jun 20, In Belfast, Northern Ireland, police battled sectarian mobs in the worst rioting since 1998.
    (WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)
2001             Jun 20, In Pakistan Gen'l. Pervez Musharraf dismissed the president and named himself to the post. He also dissolved the national Assembly and 4 provisional assemblies.
    (WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.A10)
                 Jun 20, In Peru American Lori Berenson (31) was convicted by a civilian court of collaborating with rebels and was sentenced to 20 years in prison. She already had served 5 years.
    (WSJ, 6/21/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/01, p.A10)

2002             Jun 20, The US Supreme Court ruled that the constitution bans the death penalty for mentally retarded convicted killers.
    (SFC, 6/21/02, p.A1)
                 Jun 20, Paul Shanley (71), a retired priest, was indicted in Cambridge, Mass., on charges of raping 4 children from 1979-1989. Shanley was convicted on 4 charges in 2005 and sentenced 12-15 years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/21/02, p.A3)(SFC, 6/8/04, p.A3)(SFC, 2/16/05, p.A4)
2002             Jun 20, Colombian President-elect Alvaro Uribe pressed President Bush for more help in fighting drugs, while Bush cautioned him to respect human rights as he combats leftist rebels who rely largely on drug trafficking for their income.
    (AP, 6/21/02)
2002             Jun 20, A gas explosion ripped through the Chengzihe coal mine in Jixi in northeast China and killed 111 miners.
    (Reuters, 6/20/02)
2002             Jun 20, Liberian rebels attacked a refugee camp near the border with Sierra Leone, seizing five nurses and sending thousands fleeing as they battled government troops. Four people died in the fighting.
    (AP, 6/21/02)
2002             Jun 20, Thousands of Italians, from prosecutors and judges to metalworkers, walked off their jobs to protest government plans to reform the judiciary system and labor law.
    (AP, 6/20/02)
2002        Jun 20, Palestinian gunmen killed 5 Jewish settlers at the Itamar settlement in the West Bank. The 2 assailants were killed. The mother of the family and three of her children were murdered. Another two children were seriously injured and a local security official was shot to death as he tried to help.
    (SFC, 6/21/02, p.A1)(AP, 3/12/11)
2002             Jun 20, In Saudi Arabia John Veness, a British employee at Al Bank al Saudi al Fransi, was killed in a car bomb explosion in Riyadh.
    (WSJ, 6/21/02, p.A7)
2002             Jun 20, In Spain pickets clashed with police, many shops closed and hundreds of flights were canceled as workers staged Spain's first general strike in eight years.
    (AP, 6/20/02)
2002             Jun 20, Turkey took over control of the 19-member peacekeeping force in Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 6/21/02, p.A10)
2002             Jun 20, In northern Tanzania more than 30 people may have suffocated deep inside a tanzanite mine in northern Tanzania after an oxygen pump failed.
    (AP, 6/20/02)
2002             Jun 20-2002 Jun 22, A European Union Summit was scheduled for Seville.
    (SSFC, 5/26/02, p.C2)

2003             Jun 20, President Bush named Scott McClellan his new press secretary, succeeding Ari Fleischer.
    (AP, 6/20/04)
2003             Jun 20, Pres. Bush and Brazil's Pres. Lula da Silva said that relations between the two nations remain on track despite sharp disagreements over Iraq and some trade issues.
    (AP, 6/21/03)
2003             Jun 20, Secretary of State Colin Powell met separately with the leaders of Israel and the Palestinian Authority, praising the Israelis for efforts toward an eventual peace settlement and urging speed on the Palestinians.
    (AP, 6/20/04)
2003             Jun 20, Gov. Davis announced that car license fees would triple as of Oct. 1 and Finance Director Steve Peace said California was now operating off of borrowed money.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A1)
2003             Jun 20, General Motors Corp. said it will sell about $13 billion of bonds, one of the largest corporate debt offerings ever, to help shore up its U.S. pension plan which ended last year under funded by $19.3 billion. Standard & Poor's 500 companies had a combined deficit of about $239 billion and growing, an all-time high.
    (Reuters, 6/20/03)
2003             Jun 20, In Los Angeles County 31 train cars broke loose and rolled over 30 miles before workers forced a derailing at Commerce.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A3)
2003             Jun 20, Wildfires fueled by high winds burned 250 homes in southern Arizona.
    (AP, 6/20/04)
2003             Jun 20, In China Guangdong health officials reported 211 encephalitis cases with 18 children killed. 100,000 children were vaccinated as a precaution.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A5)
2003             Jun 20, China said it will move 42,000 soldiers to civilian jobs this year as part of efforts to shrink the world's largest military.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, A 31-nation conference in Germany agreed to expand efforts to combat terrorist financing and money laundering. The Financial Action Task Force issued a 40-point program to keep international law enforcement abreast of criminals' increasingly sophisticated efforts to conceal illegal money flows.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003         Jun 20, In Iran student protests against Ayatollah Ali Khamenei spread to at least 8 other cities.
    (SFC, 6/21/03, p.A8)
2003        Jun 20, Kazakhstan's parliament passed a bill allowing private ownership of land for the first time in this vast former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, In Latvia Vaira Vike-Freiberga easily won a second term as president.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003            Jun 20, In Liberia Pres. Charles Taylor renounced his peace pledge to cede power and announced that he will serve to the January 2004 end of his term — and might run again.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, Singapore launched an automated commuter train system, filling a gap in the city's subway network.
    (AP, 6/20/03)
2003        Jun 20, A boat carrying some 250 people toward Italy sank off the Tunisian coast, killing at least 50 people. The boat's occupants were all thought to be illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 6/20/03)(AP, 6/22/03)
2003        Jun 20, In central Turkey a student dormitory at an Islamic school exploded and collapsed, killing 10 students.
    (AP, 6/20/03)

2003        Jun 20, Morgan Tsvangirai (51), Zimbabwe's opposition leader, was released on bail after two weeks in jail on treason charges. He said he will not stop putting pressure on Pres. Robert Mugabe (79).
    (AP, 6/21/03)

2004             Jun 20, Bermuda-based Bacardi Limited agreed to purchase Grey Goose vodka, distilled and bottled in France, from Sidney Frank Importing Co. for roughly $2 billion.
    (AP, 6/21/04)
2004             Jun 20, India and Pakistan announced they would establish a new hot line to alert each other of potential nuclear accidents or threats.
    (AP, 6/20/04)
2004             Jun 20, In Iraq a roadside bomb exploded along a highway leading to Baghdad's airport, killing two Iraqi soldiers and wounding 11 others.
    (AP, 6/20/04)
2004             Jun 20, Iraq resumed oil exports of about 1 million barrels a day through its southern Basra terminal after completing repairs to pipelines sabotaged by insurgents.
    (AP, 6/21/04)
2004             Jun 20, The Arab satellite TV network Al-Jazeera aired a videotape purportedly from al-Qaida-linked militants showing Kim Sun Il (33), a South Korean hostage, begging for his life and pleading with his government to withdraw troops from Iraq.
    (AP, 6/21/04)(SFC, 6/21/04, p.A7)
2004             Jun 20, A Philippine congressional committee announced, six weeks after the election, that President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo has won another term in office. In 2005 an audio file, allegedly wiretapped by military intelligence, became available with Arroyo speaking to election’s official Virgilio Garcillano. The “Hello Garci? file became popular as a cell phone ring tone.
    (AP, 6/20/04)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A2)
2004             Jun 20, Zimbabwe’s government said it would honor ownership rights to land bought on the property market, backtracking on previous announcements it would nationalize all farmland.
    (AP, 6/20/04)

2005             Jun 20, During a joint news conference with European leaders, President Bush said he was determined to complete the mission of establishing democracy in Iraq because the world would be a better place for it.
    (AP, 6/20/06)
2005             Jun 20, A US federal judge threw out evidence against four men charged with laundering more than $60 million through their chain of US Virgin Islands grocery stores, ruling that FBI agents acted in "reckless disregard for the truth."
    (AP, 6/21/05)   
2005             Jun 20, John Rigas (80), founder of Adelphia Corp., was sentenced to 15 years in prison for looting the firm and lying about finances. His son, Timothy Rigas, his ex-finance chief, received a 20-year sentence.
    (SFC, 6/21/05, p.D1)
2005             Jun 20, California state and federal officials set aside $2 million to determine why smelt and other species in the San Joaquin and Sacramento River Delta has dropped sharply. Numerous causes were suspect including nonnative predators and increasing herbicide and pesticide runoff as well as water draw down to supply Southern California and the Central Valley.
    (SFC, 6/21/05, p.B3)
2005             Jun 20, H.J. Heinz Co., the largest ketchup maker in the US, said it has agreed to buy the HP Foods and Lea & Perrins sauce divisions from France's Groupe Danone for $852 mil.
     (AP, 6/20/05)
2005             Jun 20, Charles D. Keeling (b.1928), American atmospheric chemist, died in Montana. His monitoring of the pure air at Mauna Loa, Hawaii, and the South Pole, begun in 1958, provided CO2 readings that climbed steadily and became known as the Keeling Curve.
     (WSJ, 6/24/05, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_David_Keeling)
2005             Jun 20, Jack Kilby (b.1923), Nobel Prize winner and co-inventor of the integrated circuit (1958), died in Dallas.
     (SFC, 6/22/05, p.A5)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.75)
2005             Jun 20, Fierce fighting between Taliban rebels and Afghan security forces left 18 insurgents and three others dead.
     (AP, 6/20/05)
2005             Jun 20, Dutch scientists reported that folic acid improved the memory of older adults.
     (SFC, 6/21/05, p.A3)
2005             Jun 20, European Union agriculture ministers agreed to share out an annual 12.7 billion-euro ($15.51 billion) package to support rural development.
     (AP, 6/21/05)
2005             Jun 20, India raised retail petrol and diesel prices by about 7 percent, the first increase since November.
     (AP, 6/20/05)
2005             Jun 20, India approved a free-trade agreement with Singapore.
     (WSJ, 6/21/05, p.A14)
2005             Jun 20, In Iraq a suicide car bomber killed at least 15 traffic police and wounded about 100 more outside the unit's headquarters in the northern Kurdish city of Irbil. Suicide attacks left 37 dead.
     (AP, 6/20/05)(WSJ, 6/21/05, p.A1)
2005             Jun 20, Japan said it would dramatically expand its research whaling, doubling the number of minke whales it kills annually for scientific study.
     (AP, 6/20/05)
2005             Jun 20, The leaders of Japan and South Korea failed to make progress on mending ties damaged by a territorial dispute over islands in the Sea of Japan and a flap over Tokyo's militaristic past during a tense summit.
     (AP, 6/20/05)
2005             Jun 20, Massouma al-Mubarak, Kuwait's first female Cabinet member, took the oath of office over the shouts of Muslim fundamentalist and tribal lawmakers opposed to women in politics.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2005             Jun 20, Palestinian gunmen ambushed an Israeli minivan driving through the northern West Bank, riddling the vehicle with bullets, killing one passenger and wounding a second.
     (AP, 6/20/05)
2005             Jun 20, In Thailand 3 Muslim men were shop dead in Pattani.
     (Econ, 7/23/05, p.40)
2005             Jun 20, In Vietnam officials said 2 more people from northern Vietnam have been sickened with bird flu, and thousands of chickens have dropped dead in the south.
     (AP, 6/20/05)

2006             Jun 20, One of the largest US military exercises in decades got underway off Guam island in the western Pacific.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, The US Mint at West Point, NY, staged a promotion for the nation’s first 24-karat, pure gold one-ounce coin, the American Buffalo. The $50 gold piece design was based on the 1913 buffalo nickel designed by James Earle Fraser. Orders for the bullion version began June 19, and orders for the proof coin would begin June 22 at $875 per proof coin.
     (WSJ, 6/16/06, p.C3)(SFC, 6/21/06, p.C1)
2006        Jun 20, A Washington DC jury found former Bush administration official David Safavian guilty of covering up his dealings with Republican influence-peddler Jack Abramoff. Safavian was sentenced to 18 months in prison, but the underlying conviction was thrown out by an appeals court in 2008. In Dec, 2008, Safavian was convicted of obstructing justice and lying. In Oct 2009 he was sentenced to a year and a day in federal prison.
    (AP, 6/20/06)(SFC, 10/17/09, p.A6)
2006             Jun 20, A US defense official said the United States has moved its ground-based interceptor missile defense system from test mode to operational amid concerns over an expected North Korean missile launch.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, National Guardsmen rolled into New Orleans to reinforce a depleted police department and battle a surge in violence.
     (AP, 6/20/07)
2006             Jun 20, CBS announced that Dan Rather, the anchorman who dominated CBS News for more than two decades, is leaving the network after 44 years.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, The Miami Heat won their first NBA title, beating the Dallas Mavericks 95-92 in Game 6.
     (AP, 6/20/07)
2006             Jun 20, Georgia Tech and IBM announced a microchip speed record of 500 billion cycles per second (500 gigahertz) by applying liquid helium to cool a chip to 451 degrees below zero.
     (SFC, 6/20/06, p.C3)
2006             Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan an explosion tore apart a coalition tank, killing one Romanian soldier and wounding four others. Afghan and coalition forces clashed with Taliban fighters in southern Helmand province, leaving 20 militants dead. Coalition soldiers accidentally fired on an unmarked police car in eastern Kunar province, killing 3 Afghan policemen and wounding 3.
     (AP, 6/20/06)(AP, 6/21/06)
2006             Jun 20, British media reported that PM Tony Blair and Queen Elizabeth II are to get two new dedicated aircraft, dubbed "Blair Force One" and "Blair Force Two."
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, Chad accused Sudan of cross-border attacks and urged the Security Council to meet over its neighbor's alleged "aggression and destabilization."
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, The UN said production of the coca plant used to make cocaine had increased by 8% in Colombia, to 330 square miles.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said in a report that Congo's armed forces and police are responsible for the majority of documented abuses against children in the chaotic country, sometimes abducting kids to carry equipment or for sex.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, East Timor prosecutors ordered the arrest of Rogerio Lobato, the former interior minister, for supplying weapons to a hit squad tasked with eliminating the prime minister's political opponents. International troops tightened security across the capital as hundreds of protesters gathered to demand PM Mari Alkatiri's ouster.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, US-led forces killed 15 terror suspects and detained three others during raids in a village northeast of Baghdad. Residents said 13 civilians also were killed. 4 Marines were killed in insurgency-ridden Anbar province, three of them in a roadside bombing and a fourth in a separate operation. The US military recovered the booby-trapped bodies of two missing soldiers in Iraq.
     (AP, 6/20/06)(AP, 6/22/06)(AP, 6/20/07)
2006             Jun 20, Indonesian officials said a 14-year-year-old boy died of bird flu last week, raising the country's death toll to at least 39 people.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, Italian police arrested at least 45 people in an anti-Mafia crackdown in Sicily, including top bosses who had allegedly been in touch with Bernardo Provenzano, the reputed No. 1 boss picked up earlier this year.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, Japan ordered the withdrawal of its ground troops from Iraq, declaring the humanitarian mission a success and ending a groundbreaking dispatch that tested the limits of its pacifist postwar constitution.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, A second bus service rolled between the Indian and Pakistani zones of disputed Kashmir, a move hailed as a boost for the peace process between the nuclear-armed rivals.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, A senior UN official marked World Refugee Day by welcoming home 125 Liberians from Sierra Leone where they lived for years seeking haven from Liberia's civil war. Former Liberian President Charles Taylor was taken to a Dutch prison to await a UN war crimes trial for the killing, rape or mutilation of hundreds of thousands in West Africa.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, Lithuania plunged deeper into political crisis after lawmakers rejected their president's choice for prime minister, edging the Baltic country toward early elections and its 14th government in 15 years. 52 lawmakers voted in favor of and 48 against Social Democrat Zigmantas Balcytis, who was nominated last week to the premiership by President Valdas Adamkus. There were 32 abstentions.
     (AFP, 6/20/06)
2006        Jun 20, Two Filipino oil workers were kidnapped near the Nigerian oil city of Port Harcourt in the southern Niger Delta.
     (AFP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, Pakistani authorities negotiated a temporary truce after at least 14 people died and 35 were wounded in a gunbattle near Parachinar between two tribes over access to water.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, In Gaza City Mohammed Roka (5), Samia el-Sharif (5), and Bilal Al-hassi (16) were killed by an Israeli missile that hit a group of children, but didn't kill the militants in the targeted car. After the air attack went awry, Israel defended its pursuit of militants, but said it would "continue to take every precaution to keep civilians out of harm's way."
     (AP, 6/21/06)
2006             Jun 20, In Spain and France 12 people, including one of the founders of the Basque separatists ETA, were arrested in pre-dawn raids in a crackdown on illegal financing of the armed group.
     (AFP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, Sudanese state news said President Omar Hassan al-Bashir ruled out letting UN troops into the Darfur region, saying he would not permit such a deployment as long as he was in power.
     (AP, 6/20/06)
2006             Jun 20, A US Embassy spokesman said the United States has asked Suriname to extradite a Guyanese man wanted on drug charges in New York. Shaheed Khan was arrested June 15 by authorities in Suriname.
     (AP, 6/21/06)
2006             Jun 20, Turkey's PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced plans to build three nuclear power plants by 2015 to meet the country's growing energy needs.
     (AP, 6/20/06)

2007             Jun 20, For the second time, President Bush vetoed an embryonic stem cell bill as he urged scientists toward what he termed "ethically responsible" research.
     (AP, 6/20/08)
2007             Jun 20, Sammy Sosa, playing for the Texas Rangers after a year out of baseball, hit his 600th home run, making him the fifth player to reach the milestone.
     (AP, 6/20/08)
2007             Jun 20, Isaac Kamali, who appears on Rwanda's most wanted list submitted to Interpol, was detained at Philadelphia airport.
     (Reuters, 6/22/07)
2007             Jun 20, In eastern Afghanistan gunmen opened fire on people praying in a mosque, killing three and wounding four others. A series of roadside bombings in Afghanistan killed eight people, including three Canadian NATO soldiers. One bomb blew up a police vehicle in the eastern province of Khost, killing Qalandar district police chief Ali Mohammad and one of his men. An ambush on a convoy belonging to UN's Office for Project Services on the main Kabul-Kandahar highway, killed two Afghan guards. Another bomb exploded on a road in Ghazni province and killed a man who was cycling home after buying groceries. Fighting in Paktika province between US-led troops and suspected Taliban left 8 militants and a policeman dead.
     (AP, 6/20/07)(AFP, 6/20/07)(AP, 6/21/07)
2007             Jun 20, Australia announced that it will spend 9.3 billion US dollars on five Spanish-designed warships to boost its capacity to face military threats in the region.
     (AP, 6/20/07)
2007             Jun 20, In Chechnya a gunbattle broke out between traffic police and a Defense Ministry unit in Grozny, leaving at least five people dead and six wounded.
     (AP, 6/20/07)
2007             Jun 20, China announced a nationwide crackdown on enslavement and child labor. China's regulatory standards chief pledged to update and boost enforcement of food safety rules as the country faces intense international pressure for exporting unsafe products from toothpaste to pet food ingredients. State media said floods and landslides triggered by heavy rain have killed 36 more people and left 13 missing in southwest and central China. A knife-wielding man slashed four students, wounding one seriously at a high school in Fuzhou, capital of southeastern Fujian province.
     (AP, 6/20/07)(Reuters, 6/20/07)(AP, 6/21/07)
2007             Jun 20, Otto Roberto Herrera Garcia, a man accused of turning Guatemala into a corridor for US-bound cocaine, was arrested in Bogota, two years after escaping from a Mexican prison. He offered agents $700,000 each in bribes to let him go when he was seized.
     (AP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 20, A Dutch government-funded agency said China has overtaken the United States as the top emitter of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, because of surging energy use amid an economic boom. However consumption and emission levels per head remained a mere fraction of America’s.
    (AP, 6/20/07)(Econ, 6/13/09, p.45)
2007            un 20, Starbucks signed a deal to credit Ethiopia's unique bean varieties on its coffee labels, ending a long-brewing trademark dispute.
     (AFP, 6/21/07)
2007             Jun 20, In Athens, Greece, 7 police officers were charged with torture and other offenses in the alleged beating of two Albanian immigrants that was recorded on a cell phone camera and posted on the Internet.
     (AP, 6/20/07)
2007             Jun 20, Gunmen blew up two Sunni mosques south of Baghdad, causing heavy damage but no casualties, in an apparent retaliatory attack a day after a suicide truck bombing devastated a revered Shiite mosque in the heart of the capital. The US military said at least 30 al-Qaida fighters were killed and several bombs and weapons caches destroyed as soldiers fought their way through the streets of Baqouba. 4 US soldiers were killed and one was wounded when their convoy was struck by a roadside bomb in a western neighborhood in Baghdad. Southwest of Baghdad. Two US soldiers were killed and 4 were wounded when explosions struck near their vehicle. Two Marines also were killed while conducting combat operations in Anbar province.
     (AP, 6/20/07)(AP, 6/21/07)
2007        Jun 20, Nazek al-Malaika (85), a renowned Iraqi poet, died. She was famous as the first to write Arabic poetry in free verse rather than classical rhyme.
    (AP, 6/20/07)
2007             Jun 20, Israeli tanks entered southern Gaza, and four people, including at least two militants, were killed in an exchange of fire. Israel fired missiles at two rocket launchers in northern Gaza in the first attack since Hamas militants took control. Israel also let in a few seriously ill Palestinians who had been holed up for days at a fetid border crossing. In the West Bank, two Palestinian militants were killed in a shootout with Israeli troops during an arrest raid near Jenin.
     (AP, 6/20/07)
2007             Jun 20, Japanese lawmakers approved a two-year extension of the country's air force transport mission in Iraq, despite criticism of Tokyo's involvement in the unpopular war.
     (AP, 6/20/07)
2007             Jun 20, Nigerian stocks dipped 1.74% as a general strike called by the country's two main labor movements over a 15-percent hike in petrol prices took its toll. Nigerian health officials said an outbreak of measles in a village in the northern state of Borno had killed 20 children and caused a further 100 children to be hospitalized.
     (AFP, 6/20/07)
2007             Jun 20, In Sierra Leone 3 former military leaders were found guilty of war crimes by a UN-backed court, the first verdicts from the country's civil war and the first convictions in an international court for using child soldiers. Alex Tamba Brima, Brima Bazzy Kamara and Santigie Borbor Kanu were indicted in 2003 as the alleged leaders of a junta, called the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council, which toppled the government in 1997 and then teamed up with rebels to control the country until 1998.
     (AP, 6/20/07)
2007             Jun 20, In Switzerland 2 people accused of running al-Qaida-linked Web sites that showed the slaying of hostages and gave details of how to make bombs and carry out attacks went on trial. Moez Garsallaoui (39), a Tunisian based in Switzerland, and Malika El Aroud 948), the Belgian-born widow of an al-Qaida suicide bomber, appeared in court on charges that included providing support for terrorists.
     (AP, 6/20/07)
2007             Jun 20, Thailand’s legislature approved an anti-rape law that widens the definition of the crime and makes it illegal for a husband to have sex with his wife without her consent.
     (AP, 6/21/07)
2007             Jun 20, Adm. William Fallon, a top US military commander, met with Turkmenistan's new President Berdymukhamedov for talks on regional security, counterterrorism operations and drug trafficking.
     (AP, 6/21/07)

2008        Jun 20, The US Federal Appeals Court in Washington, DC, ruled that Huzaifa Parhat, an ethnic Chinese Uighur captured in the early stage of the US war in Afghanistan, was inappropriately designated an enemy combatant.
    (SFC, 6/24/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 20, Zinc prices closed at $0.9157 per pound, down 3 cents. September copper added 5 cents to $3.83 per pound in New York. Silver closed at $17.38 per ounce.
    (www.adn.com/money/industries/oil/story/427858.html)(http://tinyurl.com/6xgaby)
2008        Jun 20, The widening Salmonella outbreak sickened more than 550 people. US food safety inspectors planned trips to Florida and Mexico this weekend to examine tomato farms and distribution chains, hoping to pinpoint the source of the outbreak.
    (Reuters, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 20, A rocket carrying a US-French satellite for monitoring ocean surface height was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The data will be used to monitor climate change effects on sea level.
    (SFC, 6/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 20, NASA scientists reported that the Mars Phoenix spacecraft had uncovered chunks of ice.
    (SFC, 6/21/08, p.A2)
2008        Jun 20, Wilbur Hardee (b.1917), founder of the Hardee’s restaurant chain (1960), died in Greenville, NC.
    (SFC, 6/24/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked a military convoy as it drove through a town, killing five civilians and one soldier from the US-led coalition.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 20, Brazil’s Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva decreed a new 3.8 million acre (1.5 million hectare) Indian reservation in the heart of the Amazon rain forest's logging frontier.
    (AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 20, Cambodian officials said authorities working with Australian police had destroyed an enormous stockpile of 33 tons of safrole-rich oil, a key ingredient used in producing the synthetic drug Ecstasy. Cambodian authorities have been working since 2002 to stem the distillation of the oil and since then have succeeded in detecting and dismantling more than 50 clandestine laboratories capable of producing up to 15 gallons of oil a day. Cambodian officials are trying to preserve the sassafras tree, which is classified as a rare species that grows mainly in Cambodia's Cardamom Mountains.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 20, Maftuh Fauzi 27) a student at Indonesia’s National University, died in hospital. He had been among 100 fuel price protesters arrested May 24, but there were conflicting reports about the cause of death.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 20, In Iraq hundreds of followers of anti-US cleric Muqtada al-Sadr took to the streets after prayers in Shiite areas to protest plans for a long term security pact between Iraq and the US. An American soldier was killed and five others wounded by roadside bombs northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/20/08)(AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 20, Panicked youths rushed for the exits during a police raid on a Mexico City nightclub, leaving 12 people dead in the crush of bodies. The dead included 3 underage teens and 3 police officers. Prosecutors later charged the police commander who led a botched raid with 12 counts of homicide.
    (AP, 6/21/08)(SSFC, 6/22/08, p.A11)(AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 20, Nigerian militants blew up a key oil supply pipeline operated by Chevron, in the latest attack targeting the country's multi-billion-dollar oil industry. The breached pipeline prompted Chevron to shut down its onshore oil production.
    (AFP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 20, Paraguayan prisoners rioted to press a list of demands including more sex. Inmates seized the Esperanza prison's director and other administrators, demanding nighttime conjugal visits and an end to mistreatment by guards.
    (AP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 20, Typhoon Fengshen smashed into the Philippines' third largest island packing winds of 140 kilometers (87 miles) an hour as residents braced for flooding, landslides and big waves. Flash floods and landslides triggered by Typhoon Fengshen left more than 700 dead or missing in various parts of the country.
    (AFP, 6/20/08)(AFP, 6/21/08)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.49)
2008        Jun 20, In Saudi Arabia religious police arrested 21 allegedly homosexual men and confiscated large amounts of alcohol at a large gathering of young men at a rest house in Qatif.
    (AP, 6/21/08)
2008        Jun 20, The UN reported that over 40 civilians had been killed this week in Mogadishu, Somalia.
    (SFC, 6/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 20, South Korea's embattled President Lee Myung-Bak Friday replaced seven top aides to give his government a fresh start after weeks of mass protests against a US beef import deal.
    (AFP, 6/20/08)
2008        Jun 20, In Thailand several thousand protesters pushed through a heavy police cordon around the seat of government, vowing to besiege the compound until PM Samak Sundaravej resigns. They accused Samak's government of interfering with corruption charges against former PM Thaksin and trying to change the constitution for its own self-interest. A Thai army helicopter crashed in southern Thailand, killing all 10 people on board.
    (AP, 6/20/08)

2009        Jun 20, The US pharmaceutical industry agreed to spend $80 billion over the next decade improving drug benefits for seniors on Medicare and defraying the cost of President Barack Obama's health care legislation, capping secretive negotiations involving key lawmakers and the White House.
    (AP, 6/21/09)
2009        Jun 20, The SF Chronicle displayed a picture of a 9x7x2 foot, miniature, toothpick construct of San Francisco, created over the last 34 years by Scott Weaver of Rohnert Park, Ca. Weaver spent some 3,000 hours creating the work.
    (SFC, 6/20/09, p.B1)
2009        Jun 20, It was reported that that the H1N1 swine flu virus has spread to at least 76 countries and caused over 160 deaths, and that Brazilian researchers have identified a new strain of the virus.
    (SFC, 6/20/09, p.D12)
2009        Jun 20, In eastern Afghanistan one soldier serving with the US-led coalition was killed in an insurgent attack.
    (AFP, 6/20/09)
2009        Jun 20, In central China hundreds of baton-wielding police dispersed protesters and cordoned off a Shishou city hotel after a young man's mysterious death sparked unrest [see June 17]. In eastern China an explosion at a factory producing quartz sand killed 16 people and injured dozens in Fengyang, a county in Anhui province.
    (AP, 6/21/09)
2009        Jun 20, Greece opened its new, $180.5 million Acropolis Museum with a lavish party, bolstering its long campaign for the return of 2,500-year-old sculptures stripped from the citadel more than two centuries ago. It was designed by Bernard Tschumi and Michael Photiadis.
    (AP, 6/20/09)(Econ, 6/27/09, p.89)
2009        Jun 20, Indian troops regained control of Lalgarh town captured by Maoists during a rebellion by the left-wing activists against West Bengal state's communist rulers.
    (AFP, 6/20/09)
2009        Jun 20, In Iran witnesses said police beat protesters and fired tear gas and water cannons at thousands who rallied in Tehran in open defiance of Iran's clerical government, sharply escalating the most serious internal conflict since the 1979 Islamic Revolution. A blast at the Tehran shrine of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini wounded two. The clashes left at least 10 dead and 100 injured. Among those killed was Neda Agha Soltan (b.1982), whose death was captured on video. 
    (AP, 6/20/09)(AP, 6/21/09)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neda_(Iranian_protester))
2009        Jun 20, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki called the withdrawal of US troops from cities by the end of this month a "great victory" and promised it would go ahead as scheduled. Hour later in northern in Taza, a mostly Turkomen city, a truck bomb exploded near a Shiite mosque following prayers, killing 82 people and wounding 163.
    (AP, 6/20/09)(AP, 6/21/09)(AP, 6/27/09)
2009        Jun 20, Italian police in Sicily said they have arrested 14 people and placed more than 250 under investigation in the country's biggest sweep against Internet child pornography.
    (AP, 6/20/09)
2009        Jun 20, Kashmir valley closed down in the latest protest over the alleged rape and murder of two Muslim women that has triggered massive anti-India demonstrations in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AP, 6/20/09)
2009        Jun 20, Pakistani warplanes resumed strikes against militant hideouts in South Waziristan. There was heavy fighting in the villages of Barwand and Madijan and about 50 militants were killed, the first confirmed militant casualties of the offensive in South Waziristan. A citizens' militia trying to drive out the Taliban killed seven militants in a two-hour clash in the troubled northwest. Another militant was wounded in the fighting night near the village of Patrak. The military killed seven militants and arrested 16 others in Malakand, which includes Upper and Lower Dir, Buner and Swat districts.
    (AP, 6/20/09)(AP, 6/21/09)(AFP, 6/21/09)
2009        Jun 20, In the southern Philippines suspected Muslim guerrillas hurled two grenades near a crowded town plaza where a beauty contest was being held, killing at least one person and wounding 32 others in the predominantly Christian town of Maasim, Sarangani province.
    (AP, 6/21/09)
2009        Jun 20, Somali lawmakers pleaded for international military intervention within 24 hours to help fight Islamic insurgents, where fierce fighting has resumed in Mogadishu. The government called for troops from Kenya and Ethiopia to come to its aid.
    (AP, 6/20/09)(Econ, 6/27/09, p.56)
2009        Jun 20, Venezuela’s Commerce Minister Eduardo Saman, a close confidant of President Hugo Chavez, announced that the government would annul patents on some medicines under a reform of existing intellectual property laws. Industry leaders soon responded saying the action could cause shortages and scare off foreign investment.
    (AP, 6/21/09)
2009        Jun 20, In Venezuela authorities arrested Salvatore Miceli, suspected of being a key intermediary in the drug trafficking trade and one of Italy's most dangerous Mafia fugitives, as he left his apartment in Caracas. Police also picked up two other Italian suspects.
    (AP, 6/21/09)
2009        Jun 20, Zimbabwean PM Morgan Tsvangirai was booed and shouted down by exiles during a speech in London when he pleaded with them to return home to help rebuild the shattered country.
    (AFP, 6/21/09)

2010        Jun 20, In Montana a tornado ripped the roof off the 10,000 seat Rimrock Auto Arena in Billings. No injuries were reported.
    (SFC, 6/21/10, p.A6)
2010        Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan 2 bombs set up in push carts exploded minutes apart in Lashkar Gah, the provincial capital of Helmand province. 3 Taliban militants were killed and 33 others were wounded in a clash with police. A NATO rocket, apparently targeting an airport in the Behsud district of Nangarhar province, struck a house, killing two children and injuring three men and a woman.
    (AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 20, China’s government said major rivers have burst their banks in southern China, triggering massive floods in 10 provinces and forcing 860,000 to flee their homes. Dozens were missing with more storms forecast. The death toll soon rose to 377.
    (AP, 6/20/10)(AP, 6/21/10)(AP, 6/25/10)(SSFC, 6/27/10, p.N3)
2010        Jun 20, In Colombia polls showed a huge lead for former Defense Minister Juan Manuel Santos (58). Santos won 69% of the vote, the largest margin in modern Colombian history.
    (AP, 6/20/10)(AP, 6/21/10)
2010        Jun 20, In El Salvador gang members set a bus afire near the capital, killing at least 14 of the people aboard.
    (AP, 6/21/10)
2010        Jun 20, Egyptian security forces beat and arrested dozens of protesters when they attempted to march through downtown Cairo in the latest demonstration against police brutality following the June 6 death of a young man.
    (AP, 6/21/10)
2010        Jun 20, Indian troops fired on hundreds of demonstrators who tried to torch a paramilitary bunker in Kashmir, killing one person and wounding at least five. More were injured in subsequent clashes.
    (AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 20, In Iran Abdulmalik Rigi, head of Jundallah, was hanged for leading the Sunni insurgent group active near the country's border with Pakistan.
    (AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 20, In Iraq two suicide car bombers struck a crowded area outside a state-run bank in Baghdad, killing 27 people. Police and morgue officials said the decomposed bodies of six women and a man were found buried in the backyard of a deserted house in the religiously mixed Zayouna neighborhood in eastern Baghdad. The seven victims apparently were killed two to three months ago. In Tikrit at least 5 people were killed by a suicide bomber as police and onlookers responded to a roadside bomb, apparently set as a trap.
    (AP, 6/20/10)(SFC, 6/21/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 20, The Israeli government approved the construction of a massive new water desalination plant to help the arid country deal with a severe shortage.
    (AFP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 20, Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo asked a state prosecutor to investigate whether Interior Minister Desire Tagro has been skimming state funds. Gbagbo specifically mentioned payments made by Dutch oil-trading company Trafigura to victims of a 2006 toxic waste spill in Abidjan.
    (AP, 6/21/10)
2010        Jun 20, In Mexico a mayor and another man in the southern state of Oaxaca were killed by assailants in a dispute apparently motivated by a disagreement over a mine. A man and his 12-year-old daughter were detained in Guerrero state for allegedly killing a neighboring land owner in a dispute over land.
    (AP, 6/21/10)
2010        Jun 20, Moldova authorities detained 2 former policemen and another person on suspicion of trying to sell four pounds (nearly two kg) of uranium on the black market, but it was unclear if this was enough for a "dirty bomb." The uranium-238 had a value of euro9 million ($11.35 million). This was not made public until Aug 25.
    (AP, 8/25/10)
2010        Jun 20, Poles voted for a new head of state after president Lech Kaczynski perished in an air disaster. Poland's centrist presidential candidate Bronislaw Komorowski faced a tight run-off vote against his right-wing rival Jaroslaw Kaczynski on July 4 after beating him by only a few percentage points in today’s vote.
    (AFP, 6/20/10)(Reuters, 6/21/10)
2010        Jun 20, Turkish forces pushed into northern Iraq, killing 4 people, including a girl (15), as they hit back against hideouts of Kurdish rebels who killed 12 soldiers over the last 2 days.
    (AFP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 20, The Vatican pledged that Naples’ Cardinal Crescensio Sepe would cooperated in an alleged corruption probe over his real transactions and other dealings.
    (SFC, 6/21/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 20, Yemen said it has arrested the suspected mastermind of the spectacular June 19 attack on Aden’s intelligence headquarters, which freed detainees and left 11 people dead.
    (AP, 6/20/10)
2010        Jun 20, Zimbabwe arrested two Pakistani men for using fake passports. State media later said one man is potentially linked to the November 2008 attacks in Mumbai. Suspect Imran Muhammad (33) was wanted in Pakistan for alleged involvement in the Mumbai attacks, which left 166 people dead. The second man was identified as Chaudry Parvez Ahmed.
    (AP, 6/26/10)

2011        Jun 20, A US federal judge agreed to a $3.4 billion settlement over mismanaged Indian royalties. The 15-year suit represents the largest ever approved against the US government. This followed a long campaign led by Elouise Cobell (d.2011) of Browning, Mo. Cash payment began to go out in Sep 2014.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.A4)(SFC, 9/19/14, p.D3)
2011        Jun 20, The US Supreme Court denied a sex discrimination suit on behalf of over 1 million Wal-Mart employees saying they failed to pinpoint any company policy that denied them equal pay of promotions.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 20, Texas Gov. Rick Perry signed into law a measure, effective Sep 1, that gives the state’s teachers more access to criminal information about their students. It was prompted by the 2009 fatal stabbing of a teacher in Tyler, Texas, by a 16-year-old who had been released from the Texas Youth Commission.
    (http://tylerpaper.com/article/20110621/NEWS01/110629970)
2011        Jun 20, Wyoming became the first state to begin using a suite of cloud computing tools from Google for its entire executive branch of government, allowing data and applications to be stored on remote servers and accessed over the Internet. The system was formally unveiled on June 22 as Gov. Matt Mead cut a red data cable with scissors.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 20, US comedy stunt television show "Jackass" lost one of its stars when Ryan Dunn (34), known for his death-defying and often car-related pranks, died in a car accident.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Google and the British Library announced an agreement that will let Internet users read, search, download and copy thousands of texts published between 1700 and 1870.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, announced that websites will be able to have any suffix for almost any word in any language for an application fee of $185,000.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.D6)
2011        Jun 20, In Afghanistan's violent east one of the leaders of the al Qaeda-linked Haqqani network said they will target courts and judges after the execution of two fighters convicted over the brutal Feb 19 bank raid in Kabul.
    (Reuters, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Austrian police said they have arrested a 25-year-old terrorist suspect identified only as Thomas al-J. in Vienna last week. He allegedly supports the radical Islamist German Taliban Movement and considered a Sept. 11-style attack that would involve flying a plane into the Reichstag, Germany's parliament in Berlin.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Brazil Juan Moraes (11), was shot and killed by police in Rio de Janeiro. The boy’s body was found three days later, dumped in a river near police headquarters, 11 miles (18 km) from where he was shot.  4 police officers, involved in the shooting death were arrested on July 21.
    (AP, 7/22/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3wj8rze0)
2011        Jun 20, British police arrested a man (19) suspected of hacking attacks on int’l. businesses and intelligence agencies. The arrest took place following a joint operation by its Internet crimes unit and the FBI. Police would not say whether the man is believed to be linked to either the Anonymous or Lulz Security (LulzSec) hacking collectives, which have called for "war" on governments that control the Internet and claimed responsibility for a string of high-profile attacks on targets such as Sony, the CIA web page and the US Senate computer system.
    (AP, 6/21/11)(SFC, 6/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 20, British-based Rolls-Royce said it had won an order worth $2.2 billion to supply its Trent XWB jet engines to power the Airbus A350 long-haul planes bought by Brazil's TAM airlines.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, A Chilean appeals court suspended a controversial hydroelectric project in the country’s Patagonia region.
    (SFC, 6/21/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 20, Chinese President Hu Jintao made a rare visit to Ukraine to sign a strategic partnership declaration as Beijing seeks to revive ties with the ex-Soviet state after years of neglect. Hu Jintao oversaw the signing of business deals worth $3.5 billion.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)(AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Chinese authorities said more than 40 miles (70 km) of dikes are in danger of overflowing in eastern Zhejiang province where floods have caused $1.2 billion in losses.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Equatorial Guinea was accused by Amnesty International of a clampdown on freedom of expression ahead of an African Union summit being held in the country this month.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Euro zone finance ministers applied intense pressure on Greece, saying it had to approve stricter austerity measures before a final decision is made on a further 12 billion euros in loans.
    (Reuters, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, RIKEN and Fujitsu took first place on the 37th TOP500 list at the 26th International Supercomputing Conference (ISC'11) held in Hamburg, Germany. This ranking is based on a performance measurement of the "K computer," currently under their joint development.
    (www.fujitsu.com/global/news/pr/archives/month/2011/20110620-02.html)
2011        Jun 20, In Indonesia Abu Tholut (50), one of the nation’s top terrorism suspects, went on trial on charges of helping set up a terrorist training camp for a group that plotted attacks on foreigners and assassinations of the country's moderate Muslim leaders. Arrested in December, Tholut is one of more than 120 alleged members of the "Tanzim Al Qaeda in Aceh" group to have been captured or killed since the camp was uncovered.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Iran hanged in public three men convicted of rape and armed robbery in the eastern city of Zabol.
    (AFP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Iraq a roadside bomb exploded next to a French Embassy convoy traveling through downtown Baghdad, wounding seven Iraqis. Nearly an hour later, a parked car bomb targeted a passing police patrol in the northeastern Shaab neighborhood, killing one policeman and wounding four others.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Libya's government said a NATO airstrike on a large family compound belonging to Khoweildi al-Hamidi, a close associate of Moammar Gadhafi, killed 13 people, including three children, west of Tripoli. Hamadi escaped unharmed, but his wife and 2 grandchildren were among the dead. NATO acknowledged obliterating the compound. On July 28 attorneys for Hamadi filed a civil lawsuit in Belgium accusing NATO of killing the 13 civilians.
    (AP, 6/20/11)(SFC, 6/21/11, p.A2)(AP, 7/28/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Mexico journalist Miguel Angel Lopez Velasco (55), his wife, and their son (21) were shot to death inside their home in Veracruz. Velasco wrote a column about politics and crime and was editorial director for the daily newspaper Notiver. His son, Misael Lopez, had been working as a photographer for the same newspaper.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Nepal a lawyer and a college professor from the United States celebrated Nepal's first public lesbian wedding ceremony in the Himalayan nation that recently began recognizing gay rights and drafting laws to end sexual discrimination.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Nigeria gunmen shot a nurse dead and wounded four others who were playing poker at a bus stop in the city of Maiduguri. The same group of gunmen killed a security officer in a separate attack hours later. Police suspected members of the radical Muslim sect known as Boko Haram. Gunmen killed five police officers and a bystander in a bank robbery in Kankara staged to look like a militant attack.
    (AP, 6/20/11)(AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Northern Ireland sectarian clashes erupted on Belfast's streets as masked Protestant rioters attacked Catholic homes.
    (AP, 6/21/11)
2011        Jun 20, In northwest Pakistan suspected US drones fired missiles at a vehicle and a house, killing 12 people in a rare attack in the Kurram tribal area, where some of NATO's fiercest enemies have reportedly traveled. A car bomb near women's school in southwestern Pakistan killed 2 and wounded 12.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In northwestern Russia a TU-134 passenger jet slammed into the ground and caught fire while trying to land on a foggy night at Petrozavodsk, killing 44 people and leaving eight survivors badly hurt. 3 more victim died days later bringing the death toll to 47. Russian authorities later reported that the navigator was in a state of “light alcoholic intoxication."
    (Reuters, 6/21/11)(AP, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/26/11)(SFC, 9/20/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 20, Rival north and south Sudan signed a deal to demilitarize their disputed frontier region of Abyei and let in an Ethiopian peacekeeping force. Sudanese intelligence agents were said to have posed as Red Crescent workers and ordered some 7000 civilians to leave a UN camp in Kadugli, Southern Kordofan. The IFRC launched an investigation but found no evidence that its emblem was misused.
    (AP, 6/21/11)(AP, 6/23/11)(AP, 6/28/11)(AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jun 20, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad pledged political reforms within months to address a wave of protests against his rule, but blamed saboteurs for the unrest and warned that no deal could be reached with gunmen. Assad called on the 10,000 who have already crossed the frontier to come home. Demonstrations erupted overnight in the cities of Hama, Homs, Latakia, Deir al-Zor, the town of Madaya near the Lebanese border, several suburbs of the capital Damascus and in Albu Kamal on the border with Iraq.
    (Reuters, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, Jack Warner, FIFA official from Trinidad and Tobago, resigned from the organization ending all investigations into his conduct. The governing body of world soccer suspended Warner a month ago for a scandal where $40,000 was allegedly given to his colleagues running soccer games in Caribbean nations.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 20, Tunisia's former autocratic ruler, whose ouster triggered a series of Arab world uprisings, went on trial in absentia in the first of what will likely be a long series of court proceedings five months after he went into exile. Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and wife Leila Trabelsi were convicted in absentia on embezzlement and other charges after $27 million (euro18.97 million) in jewels and public funds were found in one of his palaces.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Venezuela National Guard troops fired tear gas at a prison as they tried for a fourth day to dislodge a group of heavily armed inmates who have staved off attempts to retake control.
    (AP, 6/20/11)
2011        Jun 20, In Yemen tens of thousands took to the streets of the capital, demanding that the president's sons leave Yemen as pressure rose for the wounded leader being treated outside the country to step down. Six Yemeni soldiers, including two officers, were killed in clashes with Al-Qaeda-linked militants near the gunmen-held southern city of Zinjibar overnight. Airstrikes overnight killed 20 militants in the southern province of Abyan.
    (AP, 6/20/11)(AFP, 6/20/11)(AP, 6/21/11)

2012        Jun 20, The US Federal Reserve announced that it would purchase $267 billion of long-term bonds by the end of the year, paid for from the proceeds of sales of short-term bonds in its portfolio. This was its 7th installment of unconventional monetary policy since running out of orthodox ammunition in late 2008.
    (Econ, 6/23/12, p.74)
2012        Jun 20, Rodney Alcala (68), a convicted California serial killer, was flown to NY to face charges in Manhattan of killing two women in the 1970s.
    (SFC, 6/21/12, p.A8)
2012        Jun 20, San Francisco’s new headquarters of the Public Utilities Commission, a 13-story box at 525 Golden Gate Ave., was officially dedicated.
    (SSFC, 6/17/12, p.C1)
2012        Jun 20, In San Francisco a 4-alarm blaze tore through a warehouse on Pier 29 and caused over $2 million in damages. The structure dated back to 1915. The 1918 façade was restored to its original neo-classical design in time for the 2013 America’s Cup Race.
    (http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?id=8708675)(SFC, 6/22/12, p.C1)(SSFC, 12/1/13, p.C12)
2012        Jun 20, A highly invasive brown kelp native to Japan, commonly known as Wakame, was reported to have spread throughout the San Francisco waterfront. It was first discovered in California about 12 years ago and in SF in 2009.
    (SFC, 6/20/12, p.A1)
2012        Jun 20, In Florida a 31-foot (9.4 meter) fishing boat, the T.T. Zion, washed ashore on a Fort Lauderdale beach before dawn with its navigation lights on and twin outboard engines still running. It belonged to Guma Aguiar (35), the founder of a Texas oil and gas company that he sold for a reported $2.55 billion in 2006.
    (Reuters, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 20, In Hawaii a company owned by billionaire David Murdock filed a transfer application with the state’s Public Utilities Commission to sell its 98% share of Lanai Island to Larry Ellison (67), CEO of Oracle Corp.
    (SFC, 6/21/12, p.A1)
2012        Jun 20, Duluth, Minnesota, Mayor Don Ness declared a state of emergency after a deluge of up to 9 inches of rain forced residents to evacuate their homes and animals to escape their pens at the city zoo.
    (SFC, 6/21/12, p.A8)
2012        Jun 20, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide bomber attacked US and Afghan forces at a checkpoint in Khost, killing 21 people, including 3 US soldiers. In Logar province 7 civilians, including 3 women and 4 children, were killed by a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, Angola police in Luanda dispersed more than 100 protesting war veterans, who claimed they have not received promised payments. State news agency Angop quoted an army statement saying payments were resumed June 15.
    (AP, 6/21/12)
2012        Jun 20, In Australia a Sydney brothel was reported to have received the green light for a multi-million-dollar expansion which will see it become the nation’s largest sex premises. Stiletto’s hourly rate of Aus$370 includes room, lady of choice and beverages.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, A Burundian court sentenced journalist Hassan Ruvakuki and 13 others to life in prison on terrorism charges for a November attack launched from across the Tanzanian border, a ruling criticized by media watchdogs.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, In China 17 people were killed and three seriously injured when a long-distance bus overturned and plunged down a deep ravine in Fujian's Ningde city.
    (AP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, In China Ngawang Norphel (21) set himself on fire along with another Tibetan youth, Tenzin Kaldrup, who died at the protest in Chendou county in the western province of Qinghai. Norphel died of his burns on Aug 1.
    (AFP, 8/2/12)
2012        Jun 20, Colombia’s Congress approved a government-sponsored constitutional reform of the judicial system. It stripped the Supreme Court of the power to investigate allegations of crimes committed by legislators. Pres. Santos called Congress back into session on June 27th urging it to reverse its vote.
    (Econ, 6/30/12, p.37)
2012        Jun 20, In Colombia 4 people were killed and 11 injured in an attack on a bus in Narino province. Authorities blamed FARC rebels.
    (SFC, 6/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 20, In the Democratic Republic of Congo almost 170 soldiers, including seven senior officers, quit the army in the east of the DRC to join a mutinous armed force known as M23. The deserters were all members of a former rebel movement, the National Congress for the Defence of the People (CNDP), who were integrated into the army early in 2009, following a peace pact.
    (AFP, 6/21/12)
2012        Jun 20, In Colombia 4 people were killed and 11 injured in an attack on a bus in Narino province. Authorities blamed FARC rebels.
    (SFC, 6/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 20, In Egypt Hosni Mubarek was in a coma but off life support and his heart and other vital organs were functioning following a stroke a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, In France a gunman, who authorities say had past psychiatric problems, took four people hostage in a bank in Toulouse, claiming he was acting for religious reasons. The gunman released one hostage mid-afternoon, a woman in her late 20s.
    (AP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, Israel's government said 30 Jewish families have consented to leave the Ulpana enclave, an unauthorized West Bank settler outpost, suggesting their court-ordered evacuation can proceed peacefully.
    (AP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, An Israeli air strike near Gaza City killed Moamen al-Adam (14). His father was also seriously wounded, and two other people were said to be in moderate condition. An earlier air raid killed Hamas militant Ghaleb Ermilat (21), whom Israel said was a "global jihad operative" who was behind a deadly ambush along the Israeli-Egyptian border, which killed one Israeli civilian earlier this week.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, In Kenya 6 lions were speared to death overnight on the outskirts of Nairobi after they strayed from the city's national park and killed four goats. Kenya has been losing 100 lions a year for the best part of the past decade, leaving the country with just 2,000 of its famous big cats. On June 22 an official said Maasai warriors who speared to death the six lions will be arrested for killing wildlife.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)(AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 20, Kuwait's constitutional court declared February's legislative polls, in which the opposition swept to victory, illegal and reinstated the previous pro-government parliament.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, In Mali Islamists occupying the north gave a couple in Timbuktu 100 lashes of a whip for having a child out of wedlock as they continue enforcing sharia law.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, In Nigeria new clashes between Christians and Muslims hit areas in and around the city of Kaduna, leaving at least five people dead. Days of violence left 106 people dead.
    (AFP, 6/21/12)
2012        Jun 20, In Romania former PM Adrian Nastase shot himself and was hospitalized hours after a court upheld a 2-year prison sentence on corruption charges.
    (SFC, 6/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 20, Senegalese police detained former interior minister Ousmane Ngom for questioning amid a probe by the new regime into graft by officials from the previous government. Amnesty International urged Senegal's new government to deal with rights violations which have gone unpunished for years in the west African nation.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, In Sweden explosives were found on a truck at the southwestern Ringhals atomic power station. Bomb technicians said the material lacked a detonating device, meaning there was no danger of an imminent explosion.
    (AP, 6/21/12)
2012        Jun 20, In Syria 29 soldiers were among 46 people killed in violence, as UN observers said they were "morally obliged" to stay in the country despite the risks. The mission's mandate ends on July 20. The Observatory later said 88 people were killed today across the country.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)(AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 20, In Thailand Michelle Elizabeth Smith (60), an Australian tourist, was stabbed and killed as 2 men tried to steal her bag on the resort island of Phuket. Two Thai men were arrested and pleaded guilty on June 26, saying they meant only to slash her pocketbook strap and never meant to stab her.
    (AFP, 6/26/12)
2012        Jun 20, Uganda’s minister for ethics and integrity, Simon Lokodo, said Uganda will ban 38 nongovernmental organizations for spreading homosexuality.
    (AFP, 6/20/12)
2012        Jun 20, Uruguay announced plans to have its government sell marijuana to take drug profits out of the hands of dealers. The defense minister said Uruguayan farmers would plant the marijuana.
    (AP, 6/21/12)
2012        Jun 20, In southern Yemen renewed fighting left six al-Qaida fighters and three soldiers dead as the government consolidated its recapture of militant strongholds. Demining teams spotted an Egyptian militant but he killed himself with a hand grenade before being arrested. Officials also found the bodies of 7 militants, including 3 Egyptians, killed in earlier fighting. Security forces killed local Al-Qaeda leader Salah al-Jawhari and two other "suicide bombers who were preparing to target military and security commanders in Bayda. Security forces also arrested Majed al-Qulaisi, "a member of the (Al-Qaeda) cell that planned" the deadly suicide attack that killed more than 100 troops at a military parade rehearsal in Sanaa last month. A Tunisian, "one of Al-Qaeda's most dangerous foreign nationals in Yemen," Nizar Abdel Rahman, was also arrested.
    (AP, 6/20/12)(AFP, 6/20/12)

2013        Jun 20, The corporate office of 7-Eleven told its 5,600 franchise owners of the chain's convenience stores that it was requiring an internal review of personnel files after federal authorities seized 14 stores in New York and Virginia this week that employed undocumented workers in a "modern-day plantation system."
    (abcNEWS, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, In eastern Washington state a routine inspection at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation detected higher radioactivity under a tank holding radioactive waste.
    (SFC, 6/21/13, p.A4)
2013        Jun 20, Sociology Prof. Philip Slater (b.1927), author and early LSD tester, died in Santa Cruz, Ca. His books included “The Pursuit of Loneliness" (1970), “Wealth Addiction" (1980) and “A Dream Deferred" (1992).
    (SFC, 6/27/13, p.D6)
2013        Jun 20, In San Jose, Ca., Manuel Urzua (16) died gunshot wound inflicted a day earlier. Police later arrested four men and two teenage boys in connection with the gang-related shooting.
    (SFC, 10/22/13, p.D3)
2013        Jun 20, An Afghan spokesman said President Karzai is willing to join peace talks with the Taliban if the US follows through with promises he says were made by Secretary of State John Kerry in a phone call. Spokesman Fayeq Wahidi said Kerry promised that the Taliban flag and a nameplate with their former regime's name would be removed from the militant group's newly opened political office in Doha, and said the US would issue a formal letter supporting the Afghan government.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, The Afghan Taliban said they are ready to free US Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, held captive since 2009, in exchange for five of their senior operatives imprisoned at Guantanamo Bay as a conciliatory gesture.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, More than a million Brazilians poured into the streets of at least 80 cities in this week's largest anti-government demonstrations yet. Violent clashes broke out in several cities as people demanding improved public services and an end to corruption faced tear gas, pepper spray and rubber bullets. At least one protester was killed in Sao Paulo state after a car rammed into a crowd of demonstrators.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, Britain’s Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) said the aggregate capital shortfall at five UK banks at the end of 2012 was 27.1 billion pounds, slightly higher than its 25 billion initial estimate in March this year.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, In Canada 2 people were killed in a massive explosion and fire at a fireworks plant near Montreal.
    (Reuters, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, In Colombia American DEA agent James Watson (43) died in a robbery attempt as he got into a Bogota taxi. On June 25 police said 5 men were arrested in the case. On July 1, 2014, seven Colombian taxi drivers were extradited to stand trial in Virginia for the murder of Watson.
    (AP, 6/21/13)(SFC, 6/26/13, p.A2)(SFC, 7/2/14, p.A2)
2013        Jun 20, In Colombia the Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARC) caught a US soldier, identified as Kevin Scott Sutay, in a jungle region in the south of the country. They reported his capture on July 19 and described him as a mine clearance expert from New York who has served in Afghanistan. Sutay was reported released on Oct 27.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)(AFP, 10/28/13)
2013        Jun 20, An Icelandic businessman linked to the anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks said he had readied a private plane in China to fly Edward Snowden, who has admitted leaking secrets about classified US surveillance programs, from Hong Kong to Iceland if Iceland's government would grant asylum.
    (Reuters, 6/21/13)
2013        Jun 20, Iran's state TV said the country's navy has detained 13 fishermen from two United Arab Emirates vessels after they trespassed into what the report said were Iranian territorial waters.
    (AP, 6/21/13)
2013        Jun 20, In Iraq a mortar attack killed one person in Ramadi, Anbar province, while polls were open. A suicide bomber blew himself up inside a ballot-counting center in Ramadi, killing at least 4 people, after the polls closed in elections in two of the country's most volatile province.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, Kyrgyzstan lawmakers voted 91-5 in favor of ending an agreement with the US to lease the Manas Transit Center in June 2014. The bill will come into force when it is signed by President Almazbek Atambayev, who has repeatedly pledged to end the lease.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, Lebanese demonstrators clashed with police in downtown Beirut during a protest against the extension of parliament's term earlier this month.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, Shell Nigeria said an explosion and fire caused by oil theft have forced it to shut down its Trans Niger Pipeline that carries 150,000 barrels of crude a day.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, Rami Hamdallah, the new Palestinian prime minister, submitted his resignation to President Mahmoud Abbas, after two weeks on the job, because of a conflict over authority.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, Saudi Arabia said it plans to deport Lebanese citizens who support Hezbollah because of the militant group's role in the Syrian civil war.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, In Singapore the Pollutant Standards Index, surged to a record reading of 371. People were urged to remain indoors as a smoky haze wrought by forest fires in neighboring Indonesia worsened dramatically. Nearby Malaysia closed 200 schools and banned open burning in some areas.
    (AP, 6/20/13)
2013        Jun 20, Syrian rebels and Kurdish gunmen reached an agreement to end a rebel siege on the northern predominantly Kurdish region of Afrin that triggered a shortage of food and medicine there. Violence was reported between government forces and rebels in different parts of the country, mostly near Damascus and in Aleppo.
    (AP, 6/20/13)

2014        Jun 20, A US State Department blacklist included Thailand and Malaysia for their failure to meet minimum standards in fighting human trafficking.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, The US issued new sanctions against seven Ukraine separatists accused of stoking violence against their capital in Kiev.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, Former driver Peter Malaszuk filed suit against imprisoned hedge-fund founder Raj Rajaratnam in US District Court alleging that Rajaratnam gave him names and contact information for the family members of inmates who were to receive money. He says the cash was meant to secure special treatment in prison for Rajaratnam, who is serving an 11-year sentence for insider trading at a minimum-security facility in Massachusetts.
    (AP, 7/2/14)
2014        Jun 20, Afghanistan's president Hamid Karzai said that he was in favor of the UN intervening in the presidential election after one of the candidates dropped out of the process over allegations of mass fraud. Guards in a provincial governor's convoy traded gunfire with policemen at a checkpoint, prompting clashes that left four of the guards dead and four policemen wounded in Balkh province. A mortar shell slammed into a home in Nangarhar province, killing one child and wounding five others.
    (Reuters, 6/20/14)(AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, In southern Afghanistan 3 US troops and a working dog were killed by a bomb blast.
    (Reuters, 6/21/14)
2014        Jun 20, Albanian police declared victory over drug producers who for more than 15 years had run the southern village of Lazarat as a personal fief, churning out marijuana on an industrial scale untouched by the NATO member state. Police said most of the ringleaders had escaped under cover of night.
    (Reuters, 6/19/14)
2014        Jun 20, A British husband and wife were convicted of murdering the woman's parents, burying their bodies and collecting their pension checks for 15 years. A jury at Nottingham Crown Court found Susan and Christopher Edwards guilty of shooting William and Patricia Wycherly in May 1998.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, In China assailants stabbed two police officers guarding a security checkpoint in a village in Qaraqash county, Xinjiang, and set fire to a room in which three other officers were sleeping, killing all five.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 20, In Egypt two people were killed in Cairo in clashes during demonstrations by supporters of ousted Islamist president Morsi.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, Estonian PM Taavi Roivas urged NATO to establish a permanent presence in the Baltic state in response to Russia's actions in Ukraine.
    (Reuters, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, European Union finance ministers in Luxembourg agreed on a reform to close a loophole that allowed companies to shift some of their profits between different country divisions to avoid taxation.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, Tens of thousands of Hong Kongers voted in an unofficial referendum on democratic reform that has alarmed Beijing and sets the stage for a possible showdown with the government, with mass protests aimed at shutting down the Chinese capitalist enclave's financial district.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, Iran and six powers made some progress on drafting the wording of a nuclear deal, but key sections of the document were left blank. Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said full agreement was possible at the next round, in Vienna on July 2.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, Iran’s state TV reported that a court in Kerman province has convicted two men on charges of spying for Britain and Israel and sentenced them to 10 and five years in prison, respectively.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, In Iraq Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, the spiritual leader of the Shiite majority, called for a new, "effective" government, increasing pressure on PM Maliki as an offensive by Sunni militants rages on.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, Iraqi Kurdistan looked set to unload in Israel a first cargo of disputed crude oil from its new pipeline after weeks of seeking an outlet as Iraq's central government has threatened legal action against any buyer.
    (Reuters, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, Israeli soldiers killed Mohammed Dudin (15), a Palestinian boy, in clashes during West Bank raids. 3 other Palestinians were seriously wounded by army gunfire during raids in four towns and refugee camps, as a search for three Israeli teens feared abducted in the territory entered its second week.
    (Reuters, 6/20/14)(AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, Kenya's Interior Ministry said security forces have shot and killed five people suspected of killing 60 residents in two nighttime attacks on a coastal town this week.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, In eastern Lebanon a suicide bomber detonated his vehicle near a police checkpoint, killing one person amid rising fears of renewed violence in this volatile country sparked by a stunning offensive by Sunni insurgents in nearby Iraq.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, In the Philippines Sen. Ramon Revilla Jr., popular politician and action movie star, surrendered after an anti-graft court ordered his arrest on large-scale corruption charges in a rare spectacle of the country's political elite being made to answer for alleged crimes.
    (AP, 6/21/14)
2014        Jun 20, Slovenia's former PM Janez Jansa went to prison to begin a two-year sentence for bribery in an arms deal with a Finnish company. In 2015 a retrial was ordered by the Supreme Court after the Constitutional Court overturned his conviction.
    (AP, 6/23/14)(AP, 4/23/15)
2014        Jun 20, In Syria a powerful truck bomb exploded in the government-held village of Horrah, near Hama, killing at least 34 civilians and wounding more than 50. Fighters of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) captured key towns in eastern Syria adjoining territory the al Qaeda splinter group has seized in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/20/14)(Reuters, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, In Syria the bullet-riddled bodies of 3 officers of the Western and Arab-backed rebel Free Syrian Army were found, two days after suspected Islamist militants (ISIL) kidnapped them in the oil-rich eastern province of Deir Ezzor.
    (AFP, 6/21/14)
2014        Jun 20, In Ukraine 7 government troops were killed in overnight fighting in the Donetsk region, as clashes between government forces and pro-Russia rebels flared ahead of the publication of a presidential peace plan that includes a unilateral cease-fire.
    (AP, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged the Security Council to impose an arms embargo on Syria, describing foreign powers and groups as "irresponsible" for giving military support to the warring parties in the three-year conflict.
    (Reuters, 6/20/14)
2014        Jun 20, The United Nations cultural agency listed the Palestinian village of Battir as a World Heritage site in danger, raising hopes among residents that this will protect their community against Israel's West Bank separation barrier.
    (AP, 6/21/14)

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