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Today in History - June 22

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1535        Jun 22, John Fisher (65), English bishop (1504-35), cardinal, saint, was beheaded by Henry VIII.
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1558        Jun 22, The French took the French town of Thioville from the English.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1564        Jun 22, A 3-ship French expedition under René de Laudonnière arrived in Florida and built Fort Caroline. French artist Jacques Le Moyne de Morgues was part of the expedition.
    (Arch, 1/05, p.47)(www.cla.sc.edu/sciaa/staff/depratterc/chas2.html)(WSJ, 7/18/08, p.W8)

1611        Jun 22, English explorer Henry Hudson, his son and several other people were set adrift in present-day Hudson Bay by mutineers. The starving crew of the Discovery, which had spent the winter trapped by ice in Hudson Bay, mutinied against Hudson, who was never seen again.
    (AP, 6/22/97)(SFEM, 11/15/98, p.26)(MC, 6/23/02)

1633        Jun 22, Galileo Galilei was again forced by the Pope to recant that the Earth orbits the Sun. On Oct 31, 1992, the Vatican admitted it was wrong.
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1675        Jun 22, Royal Greenwich Observatory was established in England by Charles II.
    (YarraNet, 6/22/00)

1684        Jun 22, Francesco Onofrio Manfredini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1740        Jun 22, King Frederick II of Prussia ended torture and guaranteed religion and freedom of the press.
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1741        Jun 22, Alois Luigi Tomasini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1757        Jun 22, George Vancouver, surveyed America's Pacific coast from San Francisco to Vancouver, was born.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1772        Jun 22, Slavery was in effect outlawed in England by Chief Justice William Murray, First Earl of Mansfield, following the trial of James Somersett. In 2005 Steven Wise authored “Though the Heavens May Fall: The Landmark Trial that Led to the End of Human Slavery."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somersett%27s_Case)(Econ, 2/5/05, p.76)(ON, 12/08, p.9)

1799        Jun 22, In France a scientific congress adopted the length of the meter as one ten-millionth of the distance along the surface of the Earth from its equator to its pole, in a curved line of latitude passing through the center of Paris. The congress used data gathered by astronomers, Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Delambre and Pierre-François-André Mechain. The established meter proved to be .2 millimeters too short, due to incorrect latitude data gathered by Mechain.
    (http://etherwave.wordpress.com/2009/01/21/hump-day-history-the-length-of-the-meter/)(ON, 2/09, p.9)

1807        Jun 22, British officers of the HMS Leopard boarded the USS Chesapeake after she had set sail for the Mediterranean, and demanded the right to search the ship for deserters. Commodore James Barron refused and the British opened fire with broadsides on the unprepared Chesapeake and forced her to surrender. The British provocation led to the War of 1812.
    (NG, Sept. 1939, p.363)(HN, 6/22/98)

1812        Jun 22, Napoleon's Grand Army invaded Russia.
    (MC, 6/22/02) 

1815        Jun 22, Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated a second time.
    (AP, 6/22/97)

1822        Jun 14, Charles Babbage (1792-1871), a young Cambridge mathematician, announced the invention of a machine capable of performing simple arithmetic calculations in a paper to the Astronomical Society. His 1st Difference Engine could perform up to 60 error-free calculation in 5 minutes. Babbage and engineer John Clement completed the calculator portion of a new engine in 1832, but the project lost funding and remained unfinished.
    (I&I, Penzias, p.94)(ON, 5/05, p.5) 

1847        Jun 22, The 1st doughnut with a hole in it was created.
    (SFC, 4/26/97, p.E4)(YarraNet, 6/22/00)

1849        Jun 22, San Francisco experienced its first theatrical performance with a one-man show in Portsmouth Square by Stephen C. Massett, an itinerant Brit.
    (SFC, 5/24/14, p.C1)

1858        Jun 22, Giacomo Puccini (d.1924), Italian composer of Madam Butterfly, was born. His work included the opera “Calaf."
    (WUD, 1994, p.1162)(WSJ, 10/22/97, p.A20)(HN, 6/22/98)

1860        Jun 22, Nathan Maroney, a Philadelphia station agent for Adams Express Co., pleaded guilty to the theft of $40,000 after Pinkerton agents, who had secretly befriended him, appeared in court to testify against him.
    (ON, 7/06, p.12)

1864        Jun 22, Confederate General A. P. Hill turned back a Federal flanking movement at the Weldon Railroad near Petersburg, Virginia.
    (HN, 6/22/98)
1864        Jun 22, Battle of Ream's Station, VA (Wilson's Raid).
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1868        Jun 22, Arkansas was re-admitted to the Union.
    (AP, 6/22/97) 

1870        Jun 22, The US Congress created the Department of Justice.
    (AP, 6/22/97)

1874        Jun 22, Dr. Andrew T. Sill of Macon, Missouri, founded osteopathy.
    (MC, 6/22/02)
1874        Jun 22, Howard Staunton, world chess champion and designer of chess pieces, died.
    (YarraNet, 6/22/00)

1876        Jun 22, Nathanael Herreshoff (1848-1938) sailed his revolutionary catamaran, Amaryllis, to victory in the New York’s Second Centennial Regatta.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lff9e68)(SFC, 9/6/13, p.A12)
1876        Jun 22, Annie Oakley, sharpshooter, married Frank Butler, marksman.
    (SFEM, 1/25/98, p.68)
1876        Jun 22, General Alfred Terry sent Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer to the Rosebud and Little Bighorn rivers to search of Indian villages.
    (HN, 6/22/99)

1885        Jun 22, In Sudan Muhammad Ahmad (b.1844), religious leader of the Samaniyya order, died of typhus. His chief deputy, Abdallahi ibn Muhammad took over the administration of the nascent Mahdist state.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Ahmad)

1887        Jun 22, Sir Julian Huxley was born in London. He became a biologist and philosopher and served as Darwin’s Bulldog.
    (YarraNet, 6/22/00)

1890        Jun 22, The SF Chronicle trumpeted its new 10-story building at 690 Market, the first steel-framed building in the West. It was designed by Burnham & Root of Chicago. In 1924 the Chronicle moved to its new building at Fifth and Mission. In 1962-1963 Home Mutual Savings and Loan draped the De Young Building at 690 Market in metal. In 2004 planned renovations included conversion to residential and hotel use.
    (SFC, 3/17/04, p.C4)(SFC, 8/15/05, p.C5)(SFC, 1/17/09, p.E1)

1898        Jun 22, Erich Maria Remarque, German born novelist and author of “All Quiet on the Western Front" (Im Westen nichts Neues), was born. The book, based on Remarque‘s experiences in World War I, emphasized the numbing daily routine of grunts in the trenches in stark contrast to prevailing political rhetoric. The novel received international acclaim and was made into a Hollywood film in 1930. Remarque left Germany for Switzerland in 1932 because of the growing Nazi movement. He became a naturalized American citizen in the ‘40s, but moved back to Switzerland later in life. Remarque kept writing, but never attained the same level of critical success as his first novel.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1213)(SFC, 12/31/96, p.A20)(HN, 6/22/98)(HNQ, 12//00)
1898        Jun 22, US forces, 6000 soldiers under Lawton, Bates, Rafferty and Wheeler and under the general command of General Shafter, landed at Daiquiri, Cuba. Col. Leonard Wood and Lt. Col. Theodore Roosevelt led the Rough Riders, a volunteer cavalry regiment, onto the beach at Daiquiri in the Spanish American War. 
    (www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/chroncuba.html)(http://tinyurl.com/ckvj3)

1903        Jun 22, John Dillinger, one of America’s “Most Wanted" gangsters, was born in Indianapolis, Indiana.
    (YarraNet, 6/22/00)
1903        Jun 22, George White, a black resident of Delaware, was lynched.
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1906        Jun 22, Anne Morrow Lindbergh, author, wife of Charles Lindbergh (Gifts from the Sea), was born.
    (HN, 6/22/01)
1906        Jun 22, Billy Wilder, movie director, was born. He directed “The Lost Weekend" and “The Apartment" and won an Oscar for “Stalag 17."
    (HN, 6/22/99)

1907        Jun 22, Anne Morrow Lindbergh, author (Gift from the Sea), was born.
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1909        Jun 22, In San Francisco customs inspectors seized 149 tins of opium, evidently smuggled in since a law prohibiting possession of opium for smoking went into effect in April. 16 tins ere found at in the basement of Mow Lee’s store at 76 Dupont St. The rest was found at a Chinese lodging house at 704 Jackson St. 
    (SSFC, 6/21/09, DB p.50)

1910        Jun 22, German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich announced a definitive cure for syphilis.
    (AP, 6/22/01)

1911        Jun 22, King George V of England crowned at Westminster Abbey.
    (SFEM, 1/26/97, p.40)(HN, 6/22/98)

1915        Jun 22, Austro-German forces occupied Lemberg on the Eastern Front as the Russians retreated.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1921        Jun 22, Joseph Papp, theater director and producer, founder of the New York Public Theatre and Shakespeare-in-the-Park, was born.
    (HN, 6/22/01)

1925        Jun 22, France and Spain agreed to join forces against Abd el Krim in Morocco.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1930        Jun 22, A son was born to Charles and Anne Murrow Lindbergh.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1933        Jun 22, Dianne Feinstein, 1st female mayor of SF, (Sen-D-Ca), was born.
    (MC, 6/22/02)
1933        Jun 22, Germany became a one political party country as Hitler banned parties other than the Nazis.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1934        Jun 22, San Francisco Police Capt. Charles Goff voiced the sensational charge that carefully planned communistic programs are being carried out in SF schools and churches.
    (SSFC, 6/21/09, DB p.50) 
1934        Jun 22, "Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche GmbH, Konstruktionen und Beratung für Motoren- und Fahrzeugbau" received the go-ahead from the "Reichsverband der Automobilindustrie (RDA)" (the Association of the German Reich of the Automotive Industry) to construct and build the Volkswagen. Hitler had asked Ferdinand Porsche Sr., owner of a consulting and design firm, to build a "people’s car," from which resulted the Volkswagen. Porsche took the design from the Tatra T97 of Czechoslovakia’s Hans and Erich Ledwinka.
    (http://tinyurl.com/22n6kb6)(SFC, 3/28/98, p.B12)(Econ, 6/28/08, p.20)

1936        Jun 22, Kris Kristofferson, singer/actor, was born.
    (YarraNet, 6/22/00)
1936        Jun 22, San Francisco Mint janitor W.F. Williams was buried under 7 tons of gold pieces in an accident that would likely lead to his death.
    (SSFC, 6/19/11, DB p.46)
1936        Jun 22, Harry Froboess dove 110 meters from an airship into the Bodensee & survived.
    (YarraNet, 6/22/00)

1937        Jun 22, Joe Louis began his reign as world heavyweight boxing champion by knocking out Jim Braddock in the eighth round of their fight in Chicago.
    (AP, 6/22/08)

1938        Jun 22, US boxing champion Joe Louis knocked out Max Schmeling in the first round of their heavyweight rematch at New York City's Yankee Stadium. Schmeling had won their first fight in NYC on June 19, 1936.
    (AP, 6/22/97)((http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Louis_vs._Max_Schmeling)
 
1940        Jun 22, During World War II, Adolf Hitler gained a stunning victory as France was forced to sign an armistice eight days after German forces overran Paris. France and Germany signed an armistice at Compiegne, on terms dictated by the Nazis.
    (AP, 6/22/97)(HN, 6/22/98)

1941        Jun 22, Ed Bradley, CBS news correspondent and one of the hosts of "Sixty Minutes," was born.
    (HN, 6/22/99)
1941        Jun 22, Estonians started armed resistance against Soviet occupation.
    (MC, 6/22/02)
1941        Jun 22, Finland invaded Karelia. When Germany attacked the Soviet Union in summer 1941, Finland joined in and began re-taking the lost territory.
    (www.publiscan.fi/cu13e-9.htm)
1941        Jun 22, German troops invaded Russia and thereby violated the 1939 Russo-German non-aggression pact. Under the codename Barbarossa, Germany invaded the Soviet Union, the largest invasion of another country in history. In 2005 Constantine Pleshakov authored “Stalin’s Folly," and David E. Murphy authored "What Stalin Knew." Both provide accounts of the invasion and Stalin’s refusal to acknowledge warning signs.
    (AP, 6/22/97)(HN, 6/22/98)(WSJ, 6/22/05, p.D12)
1941        Jun 22, Germany occupied the Baltic states.
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1942        Jun 22, The first delivery of V-Mail was in 1942.
    (HFA, '96, p.32)
1942        Jun 22, A Japanese submarine shelled Fort Stevens, Oregon, at the mouth of the Columbia River.
    (HN, 6/22/98)(MC, 6/22/02)
1942        Jun 22, A Jewish Brigade, attached by British Army, formed.
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1943        Jun 22, Federal troops put down race-related rioting in Detroit. 36 hours of rioting claimed 34 lives, 25 of them black. More than 1,800 were arrested for looting and other incidents, the vast majority black. Thirteen murders remained unsolved.
    (http://info.detnews.com/history/story/index.cfm?id=185&category=events)(AP, 6/22/03)

1944        Jun 22, President Roosevelt signed the Readjustment Act of 1944, more commonly known as the GI Bill of Rights. It authorized a broad package of benefits for WW II veterans.
    (HN, 6/22/98)(AP, 6/22/06)
1944        Jun 22, US Pilot William Kalan and his 9-man crew bailed out of their B-24 Liberator during a mission over Nazi-occupied France. Kalan avoided capture and went on to work with the French underground to harass German troops. In 2009 Kalan (91) was awarded the French Legion of Honor for his covert service.
    (SFC, 12/30/09, p.C3)

1945        Jun 22, The World War II battle for Okinawa officially ended; 12,520 Americans and 90,000 Japanese soldiers, plus 130,000 civilians were killed in the 81-day campaign. The battle for Okinawa proved to be the bloodiest in the Pacific Theater. A huge assemblage of American forces from both Admiral Chester W. Nimitz's Central Pacific drive and General Douglas MacArthur’s Southwest Pacific thrust converged on Okinawa--over 180,000 troops. For three months they faced more than 100,000 Japanese troops of Lt. Gen. Mitsuru Ushijima's Thirty-Second Army. Tokyo needed time to prepare for the expected American invasion of the home islands, so Ushijima wanted to make his adversary wrench each hill and ridge from his well-armed men.
    (HN, 6/27/01)(AP, 6/22/07)

1947        Jun 22, Holt, Missouri, experienced a world-record rainstorm when 304.8 mm (1 ft) of rain fell in 42 minutes. June 1947 had been the wettest month of record since record-keeping began in 1888 in northern Missouri. Holt is located in both Clay and Clinton Counties, Missouri and had a population of 405 in 2000.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holt,_Missouri)

1949        Jun 22, Meryl Streep, actress, was born in New Jersey. Her films included “French Lieutenant’s Woman," and “Sophie’s Choice."
    (YarraNet, 6/22/00)
1949        Jun 22, Lindsay Wagner, actress, was born in Los Angeles. Her films included “Bionic Woman," “Paper Chase," and “Nighthawks."
    (YarraNet, 6/22/00)
 
1956        Jun 22, The battle for Algiers began as three buildings in Casbah were blown up.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1962        Jun 22, The Hovercraft was 1st tested.
    (MC, 6/22/02)

1965        Jun 22, David O. Selznick, producer, died at 63. His films included "Gone With the Wind." In 1992 David Thomson authored "Showman: The Life of David O. Selznick." In 1972 his collected memos were edited by Rudy Behlmer and published as “Memo From David O. Selznick."
    (YarraNet, 6/22/00)(SFCM, 3/29/02, p.41)(WSJ, 1/7/07, p.P8)

1966        Jun 22, The film "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opened. It starred George Segal, Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor as a downtrodden professor and his drunken wife and was directed by Mike Nichols. Ernest Lehman was the screenwriter.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0061184/)(SFEC, 3/23/97, DB p.54)(SFC, 7/30/97, p.E3)(SFC, 11/21/14, p.E1)

1968        Jun 22-1968 Jun 23, In San Francisco Big Brother & the Holding Company played this weekend at the Carousel Ballroom, a former big band venue, at the corner of market and Van Ness. The space was operated by 4 SF bands: Jefferson Airplane, Grateful Dead, Quicksilver Messenger Service and Big Brother, whose Cheap Thrills album came out two months later.
    (SFC, 3/14/12, p.E3)

1969        Jun 22, The highly polluted Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio, caught on fire.
    (Hem., Oct. '95, p.83)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuyahoga_River)
1969        Jun 22, Judy Garland (47), film actress and star of “The Wizard of Oz," died in London. In 1975 Gerold Frank authored the biography “Judy." In 2000 Gerald Clarke authored “Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland."
    (SFEC, 10/5/97, Z1 p.6)(AP, 6/22/99)(SFEC, 6/18/00, BR p.4)

1970        Jun 22, President Nixon signed the 26th amendment, a measure lowering the voting age to 18.
    (AP, 6/22/97)(HN, 6/22/98)
1970        Jun 22, In Vietnam surgeon Dang Thuy Tram (27) died after refusing to surrender to US troops during a skirmish. Officer Frederick Whitehurst retrieved her the diaries from her gutted field hospital, and decided at his translator's urging not to burn them. The work was translated and published in 2006.
    (AP, 4/3/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dang_Thuy_Tram)
 
1973        Jun 22, Skylab astronauts splashed down safely in the Pacific after a record 28 days in space.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1977        Jun 22, Walt Disney’s film “The Rescuers" was released.
    (www.bcdb.com/bcdb/cartoon.cgi?film=40&cartoon=The%20Rescuers)
1977        Jun 22, John N. Mitchell became the first former U.S. Attorney General to go to prison as he began serving a sentence for his role in the Watergate cover-up. He was released 19 months later. Maurice Stans (d.1998 at 90), Nixon’s commerce secretary and fund-raiser, was indicted with Mr. Mitchell for perjury and conspiracy involving a $200,000 contribution by Robert Vesco, but were acquitted by a jury.
    (AP, 6/22/97)(SFC, 4/15/98, p.C3)

1978        Jun 22, Neo-Nazis called off plans to march in the Jewish community of Skokie, Ill.
    (www.lib.niu.edu/ipo/1978/ii781111.html)
1978        Jun 22, James Christy, while working at the United States Naval Observatory, discovered that Pluto had a moon, which he named Charon.
    (SFEC, 5/30/99, Par p.10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_W._Christy)

1980        Jun 22, The Soviet Union announced a partial withdrawal of its forces from Afghanistan.
    (HN, 6/22/98)

1981        Jun 22, Mark David Chapman (b.1955) pleaded guilty to killing John Lennon on December 8, 1980. He was sentenced 20 years to life in prison.
    (HN, 6/22/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_David_Chapman)
1981        Jun 22, In Iran Abolhassan Bani-Sadr was dismissed from the presidency by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Shortly thereafter he fled to Paris, where he had lived in exile during the reign of the Shah.
    (www.80s.com/Icons/Bios/abolhassan_bani_sadr.html)

1983        Jun 22, Emanuela Orlandi (b.1968), the daughter of a Vatican messenger, disappeared after a music lesson in Rome. She was 15 at the time. Her self-proclaimed kidnappers demanded the release of Ali Agca, who wounded the Pope in 1981, for her freedom. They never offered any proof they had the girl or that she was alive.
    (AP, 1/10/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emanuela_Orlandi)

1984        Jun 22, Richard Branson led the inaugural flight of his Virgin Airlines from London to Newark, NJ.
    (Econ, 6/16/07, SR p.10)

1987        Jun 22, Fred Astaire (b.1899), Hollywood dancer, died at a Los Angeles hospital. His elegance and fancy footwork graced more than 30 films. A 1984 biography by Bob Thomas was titled: "Astaire: The man, The Dancer." In 2008 Joseph Epstein authored “Fred Astaire." In 2009 Peter J. Levinson authored “Puttin’ on the Ritz."
    (AP 6/22/97)(SFC, 8/25/97, p.E3)(Econ, 12/13/08, p.100)(WSJ, 4/4/09, p.W8)

1988        Jun 22, Singer Dennis Day, Jack Benny's sidekick, died at age 71.
    (AP, 6/22/98)
1988        Jun 22, Gay rights activist Leonard Matlovich, discharged from the U.S. Air Force because of his homosexuality, died at age 44.
    (AP, 6/22/98)

1989        Jun 22, The government of Angola and the anti-Communist rebels of the UNITA movement agreed to a formal truce in their 14-year-old civil war. Some 1.5 million people were killed during this period and over 4 million forced to flee their homes. 
    (AP, 6/22/99)(Econ, 1/30/10, p.55)

1990        Jun 22, George W. Bush, a director of Harken Energy Corp., a Texas oil company, sold 212,140 shares at $4 per share just before huge losses were reported. Corporate disclosure of the sale was filed months later.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/9/02, p.A12)(WSJ, 7/10/02, p.A8)
1990        Jun 22, African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela addressed delegates at the United Nations, where he said victory for a democratic, non-racial South Africa was “within our grasp."
    (AP, 6/22/00)

1991        Jun 22, An estimated 200,000 Albanians turned out in the capital Tirana to cheer visiting US Secretary of State James Baker.
    (AP, 6/22/01)

1992        Jun 22, The US Supreme Court unanimously ruled that hate-crime laws that ban cross-burning and similar expressions of racial bias violated free-speech rights.
    (AP, 6/22/97)
1992        Jun 22, M.F.K. Fisher (b.1908), cook book author, died of Parkinson Disease. In 2004 Joan Reardon authored “Poet of the Appetites: The Lives and Loves of MFK Fisher.
    (www.foodreference.com/html/html/june22.html)(SFC, 11/16/04, p.D1)
1992        Jun 22, In Trnovace, Bosnia, 14 Muslims were massacred. In 1997 Novislav Djajic, member of a Bosnian Serb military unit, was convicted and sentenced to 5 years for participating.
    (SFC, 5/24/97, p.C1)
1992        Jun 22, Anastasia, a daughter of Czar Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra, was identified as one of the skeletons excavated in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
    (www.peterkurth.com/RUSSIAN%20FORENSICS%20TEAM.htm)

1993        Jun 22, A bomb mailed from Sacramento attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski maimed Univ. of Calif. San Francisco geneticist Charles Epstein at his home in Tiburon. Epstein (d.2011 at 77) had new eardrums installed, got a nerve transplant to raise his wrist and spent a year retraining his damaged hands to play his cello.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A3)(AP, 6/22/98)(SSFC, 2/20/11, p.C11)
1993        Jun 22, Former first lady Pat Nixon died in Park Ridge, N.J., at age 81.
    (AP, 6/22/98)

1994        Jun 22, The Houston Rockets defeated the New York Knicks 90-84 to win the NBA championship.
    (AP, 6/22/99)
1994        Jun 22, President Clinton announced North Korea had confirmed its willingness to freeze its nuclear program.
    (AP, 6/22/99)

1995        Jun 22, US House and Senate Republicans announced agreement on a compromise seven-year budget-balancing plan that would cut taxes by $245 billion and slow spending for Medicare, Medicaid and dozens of other programs.
    (AP, 6/22/00)
1995        Jun 22, Riot police stormed a hijacked jumbo jet in Hakodate, Japan, freeing all 364 people on board and capturing a lone hijacker.
    (AP, 6/22/00)
1995        Jun 22, Nigeria’s former military ruler Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo and his chief deputy were charged with conspiracy to overthrow Gen. Sami Abacha’s military government.
    (HN, 6/22/00)

1996        Jun 22, US Pres. Clinton endorsed a national registry to track sexual predators as they cross state lines.
    (SFC, 6/23/96, p.A1)
1996        Jun 22, At their first summit in six years, Arab leaders meeting in Cairo, Egypt, urged Israel to prove its commitment to peace by resuming negotiations without delay.
    (AP, 6/22/97)
1996        Jun 22, It was reported that scientists from Britain and Russia had discovered a freshwater, underground lake beneath an Antarctic glacier about the size of lake Ontario. The lake was believed to be a million years old.
    (SFC, 6/22/96, p.A6)

1997        Jun 22, Dr. Nancy W. Dickey was named the first female president of the American Medical Association.
    (AP, 6/22/98)
1997        Jun 22, It was reported that 34 million acres of forest are lost each year around the world due to cutting and burning.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.D3)
1997        Jun 22, World leaders concluded a historic summit in Denver with Russia's full participation for the first time.
    (AP, 6/22/98)
1997        Jun 22, Iran and Iraq opened their border after 17 years and asked the UN for an inspection post there, giving Iraq a 4th exit point for its goods.
    (WSJ, 6/27/97, p.A11)
1997        Jun 22, In Russia it was reported that the newspaper Top Secret published a story that exposed Valentin Kovalev, justice minister, cavorting with nude women in a sauna in a secret Sep 1995 video. The video was shot at the nightclub hangout of the Solntsevo crime gang in Sep. 1995. The video was acquired from the vault of banker Arkady Angelevich, arrested Apr 17 on suspicion of embezzlement.
    (SFEC, 6/22/97, p.D8)(SFC, 6/23/97, p.A8)

1998        Jun 22, The Supreme Court made it much harder for students who are sexually harassed by teachers to hold school districts financially responsible, ruling 5-4 that a key anti-bias law applies only if administrators know about the misconduct.
1998        Jun 22, In Britain legislators voted to lower the age of consent for homosexual acts to 16, the norm in the EU.
    (SFC, 6/23/98, p.A10)
1998        Jun 22, Hong Kong suspended government land sales to bolster prices and announced a stimulus package to revive the economy.
    (SFC, 6/23/98, p.A9)
1998        Jun 22, South Korea captured a small North Korean submarine that was entangled in a fishing net. The sub sank while under tow and 9 crewmen were later found dead with rifle wounds to the head.
    (SFC, 6/23/98, p.A9)(SFC, 6/24/98, p.A10)(SFC, 6/26/98, p.A13)(WSJ, 6/26/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 22, In Kosovo ethnic Albanians kidnapped 3 Serbs and took over the mine pit at Belacevac.
    (WSJ, 6/23/98, p.A1)(SFC, 6/30/98, p.A8)
1998        Jun 22, In Yemen police fired on protestors reacting to fuel price increases. At least one person was killed in Taiz and 3 were killed in Sanaa. Protestors called for the resignation of Prime Minister Abdul Karim al-Iryani.
    (SFC, 6/23/98, p.A12)

1999        Jun 22, Pres. Clinton visited refugees in Macedonia and urged them to delay their return to Kosovo until protection from mines was ensured.
    (SFC, 6/23/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 22, The Supreme Court ruled the Americans with Disabilities Act does not extend to people with poor eyesight or other correctable conditions.
    (AP, 6/22/00)
1999        Jun 22, Azerbaijan planned to become a major exporter of gas following the discovery at the Shah Deniz offshore field that could contain as much as 700 billion cubic meters of natural gas.
    (WSJ, 6/23/99, p.A23)
1999        Jun 22, Iraq claimed that over a million people have died due to UN sanctions for the 1990 invasion of Kuwait.
    (SFC, 6/23/99, p.A14)
1999        Jun 22, Talks between North and South Korea broke down after 90 minutes as North Korea demanded and apology from South Korea for the naval clash in the Yellow Sea where some 30 North Korean sailors were believed to have died in a June 15 shootout.
    (SFC, 6/23/99, p.A14)
1999        Jun 22, UN Sec. Gen'l. Kofi Annan announced a 2 week delay on the Aug 8 vote in East Timor due to security and logistics.
    (SFC, 6/23/99, p.A14)
1999        Jun 22, Zimbabwe reported that an estimated 3,000 people were dying per week, nearly 70% of them from AIDS-related illnesses. 25% of the population was said to be infected with the AIDS causing virus.
    (SFC, 6/23/99, p.A14)

2000        Jun 22, Independent Counsel Robert Ray ended his investigation of the 1993 firings in the White House travel office, issuing no indictments but saying he’d found “substantial evidence" that First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton played a role in the dismissals.
    (AP, 6/22/01)   
2000        Jun 22, In Texas Gary Graham was executed for the 1981 murder of Bobby Lambert in a holdup near a Houston supermarket. Graham claimed his innocence to the very end.
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.A3)(AP, 6/22/01)
2000        Jun 22, The Int’l. Financial Action Task Force accused 15 areas of facilitating money laundering.
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.A17)
2000        Jun 22, In Bosnia a new cabinet proposed by Prime Minister Spasoje Tusevljak won parliamentary approval. Tusevljak, an economics professor, was approved by parliament earlier in June.
    (SFC, 6/24/00, p.A13)
2000        Jun 22, In China an overloaded ship capsized on the Yangtze River in Sichuan province and 59 people were either killed or missing. Separately a Yunshuji-7 turboprop was struck by lightning in Hubei province and all 42 people aboard were killed. 4 people were missing.
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.D3)
2000        June 22, In Kazakstan some 11,000 seals were reported found dead on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Infectious disease linked to weakened immune systems due to oil-related pollutants were blamed.
    (SFC, 6/23/00, p.D3)

2001        Jun 22, The US and Mexico unveiled a new border safety pact with measures to prevent migrants from crossing at deadly transit points and planned to equip US agents with nonlethal weapons.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 22, US forces in the Middle East were put on high alert following intelligence reports on possible terrorist attacks.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A9)
2001        Jun 22, Striking Comair pilots ratified a new contract, ending a three-month strike.
    (AP, 6/22/02)
2001        Jun 22, Former Duke Energy workers testified that production was ramped up and down at one San Diego plant to drive up electricity costs.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 22, The British government announced that Jon Venables and Robert Thompson, two teen-agers who were 10 years old when they kidnapped and killed a toddler (1993), had been granted parole.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2001        Jun 22, In Belfast, Northern Ireland, riots continued after Britain ordered more troops into the area in anticipation of weeks of confrontations.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A8)
2001        Jun 22, In Israel settlers blocked West Bank roads and scuffled with soldiers in a 3rd day of right-wing violence. A Palestinian suicide bombing killed 2 Israeli soldiers.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A8)
2001        Jun 22, In Macedonia government troops ended an 11-day cease-fire and attacked ethnic Albanian rebels with tanks and helicopter gunships.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A9)
2001        Jun 22, The Philippine government signed a peace agreement with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front.
    (SFC, 6/23/01, p.A9)
2001        Jun 22, Turkey's top court banned the Virtue Party for violating secular laws.
    (AP, 11/4/02)

2002        Jun 22, St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Darryl Kile was found dead in the team's Chicago hotel; he was 33.
    (AP, 6/22/03)
2002        Jun 22, Esther Lederer (83) known as Ann Landers, the widely read columnist who famously urged her readers to "wake up and smell the coffee," died, in Chicago. She took over the Ann Landers column in the Chicago Sun Times in 1955.
    (Reuters, 6/23/02)(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 6/24/02, p.A1)
2002        Jun 22, In Algeria shootings and bombings blamed on Islamic militants have killed seven people and wounded 35 others over the last two days.
    (AP, 6/22/02)
2002        Jun 22, In China an explosion at a gold mine in Fanshi County, Shanxi, killed 46 miners. An initial cover-up was attempted.
    (SFC, 6/29/02, p.A14)(SFC, 7/2/02, p.A8)
2002        Jun 22, The mayors in the western Colombian state of Antioquia resigned en masse after receiving threats from FARC rebels that they would be killed if they did not quit.
    (AP, 6/22/02)(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A22)
2002        Jun 22, A powerful earthquake in northern Iran killed at least 500 people and injured 1,500, razing dozens of mountain villages whose mud-brick homes crumbled to dust.
    (Reuters, 6/22/02)(Reuters, 6/23/02)(AP, 6/22/03)
2002        Jun 22, The Catholic Church in New Zealand revealed it had documented 38 cases of sexual abuse by church officers in the past 50 years and offered victims an "unreserved" apology.
    (AP, 6/22/02)
2002        Jun 22, In Meerwala, Pakistan, Mukhtar Mai (18) was gang raped in the Punjab on orders from a tribal council after her brother (13) was accused of socializing with a higher-caste Mastoi girl. It was later reported that the affair was fabricated to cover up sodomy of boy by Mastoi tribesmen. Six death sentences were handed down for the crime on Sep 1. In 2005 a lower court overturned 5 convictions, but Pakistan’s high court threw out the acquittal. In 2009 Mukhtar Mai married the police officer who was assigned to protect her as her case gained notoriety, becoming his 2nd wife. On april 21, 2011, Pakistan's Supreme Court freed five men accused in the gang-rape. The ruling left just one of the initial 14 suspects in prison.
    (SFC, 7/4/02, p.A10)(SFC, 7/12/02, p.A13)(Reuters, 9/1/02)(AP, 3/11/05)(AP, 3/18/09)(AP, 4/21/11)
2002        Jun 22, A bin Laden spokesman said in audiotaped remarks from Qatar that Osama bin Laden and his No. 2 man are both alive and well and their al-Qaida network is ready to attack new U.S. targets.
    (AP, 6/23/02)(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A22)
2002        Jun 22, Officials in southern Russia reported that flooding has claimed at least 28 lives and forced thousands to leave their homes. The toll rose to 93 and President Vladimir Putin took local authorities to task for not doing more to help victims.
    (AP, 6/22/02)(SFC, 6/25/02, p.A8)(AP, 6/28/02)
2002        Jun 22, In Spain it was reported that police had found 10 of 17 artworks stolen last year from the collection of a Spanish billionaire, including paintings by Goya, Pissarro and Breughel.
    (AP, 6/22/02)
2002        Jun 22, Two new bombs rocked Spain's tourist coasts, making five in two days that the government blamed on Basque separatist group ETA trying to disrupt a European Union summit in Seville.
    (Reuters, 6/22/02)
2002        Jun 22, Tens of thousands of people banged drums, blew whistles and danced their way through Seville's streets in a rally against globalization. The EU Summit ended with new measures to deter illegal immigration.
    (AP, 6/22/02)(SSFC, 6/23/02, p.A22)

2003        Jun 22, It was reported that Elko, Nevada, besieged by Mormon crickets (shield-backed katydids), had spent $56,000 for 18 tons of the pesticide carbaryl to stop the infestation. The 4-year Nevada plague, the worst in 5 decades, had missed Elko until this year.
    (SSFC, 6/22/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 22, Vasil Bykov (79), one of the best-known and most talented writers in Belarus and a harsh critic of its authoritarian leader, died. His books about World War II — including "Sign of Misfortune," "Alpine Ballad" and "Sotnikov" were required reading for all Belarusian school children.
    (AP, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 22, The Belgian government agreed on changes to narrow a war crimes law and prevent complaints against foreign leaders that have provoked vehement criticism from the US.
    (AP, 6/22/03)
2003        Jun 22, In Sao Paulo, Brazil, some 800,000 danced their way through one of the world's biggest gay pride parades.
    (AP, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 22, In Djibouti an explosion caused by a bomb dropped from a B-52 killed a U.S. Marine and wounded eight U.S. service members during a training exercise.
    (AP, 6/22/03)(WSJ, 6/24/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 22, Greece seized a Comoros-flagged cargo ship that wandered the Mediterranean Sea with 750 tons of explosives on board. The Baltic Sky set off from Gabes, Tunisia, last month with the explosives and 8,000 detonators and fuses destined for Sudan.
    (AP, 6/23/03)
2003        Jun 22, In western India a passenger train hit boulders spilled on the track by a landslide, causing four cars to derail and killing 51 people.
    (AP, 6/23/03)(AP, 6/24/03)
2003        Jun 22, Iraq returned to world oil markets with its first crude oil exports since the U.S.-led invasion. A fuel pipeline exploded and caught fire west of Baghdad, a possible act of sabotage that sent flames high into the sky.
    (AP, 6/22/03)
2003        Jun 22, Thousands of workers at South Korea's oldest bank ended a five-day strike by agreeing to a deal that guaranteed wage hikes and job security. Workers objected to the sale of the state bank to Shinhan Financial Group.
    (AP, 6/22/03)(Econ, 6/28/03, p.71)
2003        Jun 22, Russian private television station whose critical reporting had irritated the Kremlin was taken off the air and replaced by a state-run sports channel.
    (AP, 6/22/03)
2003        Jun 22, Tajiks voted on changes to their constitution that would allow President Emomali Rakhmonov to potentially stay in power for another 17 years. An overwhelming majority of voters approved the constitutional change.
    (AP, 6/22/03)(AP, 6/23/03)

2004        Jun 22, The American Film Institute released its list of 100 best movie songs. Judy Garland’s “Over the Rainbow" from the 1939 “Wizard of Oz" topped the list.
    (SFC, 6/24/04, p.E6)
2004        Jun 22, A federal judge granted class-action status to a lawsuit against Wal-Mart on behalf of 1.6 million women who claimed discrimination in pay and promotions.
    (SFC, 6/23/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 22, Former Pres. Clinton’s 957-page memoir “My Life" went on sale.
    (SFC, 6/18/04, p.E1)
2004        Jun 22, Microsoft received patent #6,754,472 for “a method and apparatus for transmitting power and data using the human body."
    (Econ, 7/3/04, p.66)
2004        Jun 22, Mattie Stepanek (13), poet (Heartsongs, 2001) and peace advocate, died from mitochondrial myopathy, a neuromuscular disease.
    (SSFC, 9/5/04, Par p.5)
2004        Jun 22, In Egypt a 5-story apartment building collapsed in the southern city of Aswan, killing at least 13. Eight residents remain missing.
    (AP, 6/22/04)(AP, 6/23/04)
2004        Jun 22, A bus in western France overturned, killing at least 11 people and seriously injuring up to three others.
    (AP, 6/22/04)
2004        Jun 22, In Haiti a fire ripped through a downtown section of Port-au-Prince, destroying more than 30 businesses.
    (AP, 6/23/04)
2004        Jun 22, In the Ivory Coast dozens of boys and men suffocated in an airless, sweltering shipping container. Rebels locked up more than 100 people for days. 75 bodies were pulled out.
    (AP, 8/6/04)
2004        Jun 22, Islamic militants beheaded a South Korean who pleaded in a heart-wrenching videotape that "I don't want to die" after his government refused to pull its troops from Iraq. Hours later, the United States launched an airstrike in Fallujah, where residents said the strike hit a parking lot. 3 people were killed and 9 wounded. Elsewhere 2 American soldiers were killed and one wounded in an attack on a convoy near Balad, 50 miles north of Baghdad. In 2006 it was reported that Spc. Patrick Ryan McCaffrey and 2nd Lt. Andre Demetrius Tyson had been killed by Iraqi soldiers patrolling alongside US soldiers near Balad.
    (AP, 6/22/04)(SFC, 6/21/06, p.A1)
2004        Jun 22, Francisco Ortiz Franco, Mexican newspaper, editor was shot to death in Tijuana.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2004        Jun 22, Thousands of Russian troops poured into Nazran, Ingushetia, chasing Chechen rebels who set fire to police and government buildings and killed over 90 people in brazen overnight attacks.
    (AP, 6/22/04)(Econ, 2/12/05, p.21)
2004        Jun 22, North Korea, the US, and four other nations agreed to discuss a freezing of the North's nuclear program and inspections that would lead to its eventual dismantlement.
    (AP, 6/22/04)

2005        Jun 22, A US Senate committee charged Jack Abramoff, a Washington lobbyist, and Michael Scanlon, a public relations executive, in a scheme that overcharged Indian tribes, faked invoices, and shuffled money between nonprofit groups and charities to conceal their involvement and avoid paying taxes. Of $66 million collected since 2001, $22 million went directly to Abramoff.
    (SFC, 6/23/05, p.A5)
2005        Jun 22, The US reported plans to send 50,000 tons of food to North Korea.
    (WSJ, 6/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 22, US drug agents launched a wide-ranging crackdown on medical marijuana providers in northern California, raiding pot clubs, homes and businesses in San Francisco and arresting a husband and wife in Sacramento. The operation followed a 2-year investigation dubbed “Operation Urban harvest."
    (AP, 6/23/05)(SFC, 6/23/05, p.A1)(SFC, 6/24/05, p.B4)
2005        Jun 22, Amnesty International and Oxfam said arms exports from Group of Eight nations such as Britain and the United States to poor, conflict-ridden countries are fueling poverty and human rights abuses there.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, US military said a US Air Force U-2 spy plane involved in a mission in Afghanistan crashed while returning to its base in the United Arab Emirates, killing the pilot.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, Ameritrade Holding said it will acquire TD Waterhouse from Toronto Dominion Bank, in a deal estimated at $2.25 bil.
    (SFC, 6/23/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 22, The IBM BlueGene/L System at Lawrence Livermore National Lab., a computer with 62,000 microprocessors, was crowned king among supercomputers at a conference in Germany.
    (SFC, 6/22/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 22, Chinese state-run oil firm CNOOC Ltd. announced an $18.5 billion cash offer for U.S. producer Unocal will prevail in the takeover battle with Chevron Corp.
    (AP, 6/23/05)(SFC, 6/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 22, Xinhua News said flooding triggered by torrential rains killed at least 27 people and forced the evacuation of more than 300,000 in a mountainous region of southern China.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, It was reported that China's Pearl River estuary is so badly polluted the fish that once thrived in its waters have virtually vanished.
    (AFP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 22, Colombia’s Congress passed a bill granting reduced punishments to right-wing warlords who disarm, a key step in Pres. Uribe's strategy to wind down a decades-long conflict.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, The European Commission unveiled proposals for a radical overhaul on EU sugar subsidies.
    (Econ, 6/25/05, p.73)
2005        Jun 22, The European Union's head office told Portugal to cut its burgeoning budget deficit and public debt, saying the country's economic slowdown was no excuse for violating euro-zone rules on sound finances.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, Senior peacekeepers said more than 15,000 gunmen have joined a UN disarmament process in Congo's Ituri district but that militias were still rearming and regrouping despite intense UN military operations.
    (Reuters, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, Egyptian police opened the streets of north Cairo to political protests against and in favor of President Hosni Mubarak, giving the opposition a chance to argue their case with ordinary people.
    (Reuters, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, In Iraq gunmen killed a former judge whose name once was on a list of Sunni Arabs joining a parliamentary committee to draft Iraq's new constitution. Separately, a Filipino hostage was released after almost eight months in captivity. 4 car bombs exploded at dusk, killing at least 23 people, including sidewalk diners and passengers at a bus station in Baghdad. In all, at least 32 people were killed across Iraq, including a prominent Sunni law professor assassinated by gunmen.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, In La Spezia, Italy, 10 former members of the Nazi SS were convicted in absentia of taking part in the 1944 massacre of more than 500 villagers in the Tuscan village of Sant'Anna di Stazzema and sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, Consuelo Velazquez (b.1916), Mexican pianist and composer, died. Her music included Besame Mucho, first recorded in 1941 by Emilio Tuero. It was the romantic vision of a chaste, convent-educated teenager growing up in 1930s Mexico, and was inspired by the sight of a smooching couple in the street.
    (www.guardian.co.uk/news/2005/jan/26/guardianobituaries.artsobituaries1)
2005        Jun 22, North Korea said it would not need nuclear weapons if the US treated it like a friend, as the isolated nation joined South Korea for high-level reconciliation talks.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, The first Palestinian-Israeli summit in four months failed to propel peace prospects forward or solidify a shaky truce, leaving main issues unresolved and both sides disappointed.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, Palestinian gunmen fired shots and detonated an explosive device as PM Ahmed Qureia left a building in a West Bank refugee camp where he was lecturing militants on the need to restore order to the streets.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, A Romanian monk and four nuns were charged with murder after a nun died during an exorcism. Maricica Irina Cornici (23) was crucified and left without food for three days. [see Jun 15]
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 22, South Asia endured one of its hottest summers on record and at least 375 people were reported to have died from sunstroke and dehydration in a month-long heat wave sweeping India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
    (Reuters, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, A lawmaker from Thailand's ruling party fell to his death from his 10th floor apartment, followed a few hours later by a woman with whom he had been quarreling. Separately suspected Islamic separatists beheaded a man at a teashop and then left his head in a sack on the side of the road.
    (AP, 6/22/05)
2005        Jun 22, An explosion blasted through an oil tanker moored for repairs off Trinidad's west coast, killing two people and leaving two missing.
    (AP, 6/23/05)
2005        Jun 22, The UN Security Council voted to temporarily enlarge the peacekeeping mission in Haiti by more than 1,000 troops and police in the run-up to elections set for later this year.
    (AP, 6/22/05)

2006        Jun 22, The Bush administration confirmed it had gained access to international banking records as part of a classified program to choke off financial support for terrorism.
    (AP, 6/22/07)
2006        Jun 22, The US was eliminated from soccer’s World Cup by Ghana 2-1.
    (WSJ, 6/23/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 22, The US Supreme Court expanded the definition of what constitutes “retaliatory discrimination" by employers against employees.
    (WSJ, 6/23/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 22, The US national Academy of Sciences reported that the last few decades of the 20th century were warmer than any comparable period in the last 400 years.
    (SFC, 6/23/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 22, In Connecticut E. Forbes Smiley III (50), of Martha's Vineyard, Mass., admitted in federal court that he had stolen nearly 100 rare maps worth about $3 million in a case that sent librarians and investigators scurrying to review collections and recover stolen treasures.
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 22, In Florida FBI agents arrested 7 people in the Liberty City area of Miami in connection with a nascent plot to attack the Sears Tower and federal buildings in south Florida. Narseal Batiste (32), the alleged ringleader, called the group “Seas of David." In 2009 five Miami men were convicted of plotting to start an anti-government insurrection by destroying Chicago's Sears Tower and bombing FBI offices. One man was acquitted.
    (SFC, 6/23/06, p.A10)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.26)(AP, 5/12/09)
2006        Jun 22, In San Jose, Ca., Mayor Ron Gonzales was arrested on charges in a garbage contract scandal that included bribery, conspiracy and misappropriation of funds. Joe Guerra, the mayor’s top aide, was also arrested on similar charges. Both posted $50,000 bail.
    (SFC, 6/23/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 22, Privacy advocates slammed AT&T Inc. for declaring that it owned its Internet and video customers' account information and could hand the data over to law enforcement if needed.
    (Reuters, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, A 2,585-acre fire approached Slide Rock State Park in northern Arizona. The blaze started June 18 in a camp used by transients and spread quickly.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, Colorado's Gov. Bill Owens banned open burning and fireworks as a wildfire there grew to nearly 12,000 acres.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai urged the international community to reassess its approach to the war on terror, saying the deaths of hundreds of Afghans in fighting with US-led forces was "not acceptable." In eastern Afghanistan 5 Afghan aid workers were abducted, including 3 employed by a Swedish aid agency. The aid workers were released on June 25.
    (AP, 6/22/06)(AP, 6/25/06)(AP, 6/26/06)
2006        Jun 22, In Australia a 176-year-old giant tortoise, believed to have been studied by famed English naturalist Charles Darwin, died after a short illness. Harriet was originally named Harry, as she was mistakenly identified as male, an error which was not rectified for more than a century.
    (AFP, 6/23/06)
2006        Jun 22, East Timor's president threatened to resign after the ruling party defied his orders to oust the prime minister.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, Hungarian PM Ferenc Gyurcsany said he and Pres. Bush had discussed calls to relax US rules which exclude citizens of nine of the bloc's 10 new member states, including Hungary, from visa waivers enjoyed by most of its other 15 member states. President Bush said war-weary Iraqis could learn from the Hungarians' long and bloody struggle against tyranny.
    (Reuters, 6/22/06)(AP, 6/22/07)
2006        Jun 22, Environmental activists warned that unregulated use of mercury in India is putting millions of people at risk, and the country has now become the world's second-largest user of the poisonous chemical.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, A ship carrying more than 100 passengers and crew sunk off Indonesia's Sumatra island in bad weather. 73 people were rescued. Soldiers in central Indonesia pulled bodies from villages razed by floods and landslides, bringing the death toll from days of heavy rain to more than 200 people.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, Iraqi police stormed a farm north of Baghdad and freed at least 17 people who were snatched a day earlier in a mass kidnapping of about 85 workers and family members at the end of a factory shift. An explosion of sectarian and revenge killings in Mosul over the past three days claimed 19 lives. The US military announced that four Marines were killed during operations in Anbar province, three of them in a roadside bombing.
    (AP, 6/22/06)(AP, 6/25/06)
2006        Jun 22, Israeli PM Ehud Olmert apologized for the deaths of Palestinian civilians in recent Israeli army airstrikes after meeting with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas at an informal breakfast in Jordan.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, The Red Cross federation admitted Israel's Magen David Adom society simultaneously with the Palestine Red Crescent. An optional new emblem, dubbed the "red crystal," was adopted so that Israel could retain its red star of David instead of having to adopt the red cross or crescent used by the 184 other societies in the global movement.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, Liberia's truth commission formally began work to document atrocities committed during nearly a quarter-century of conflict including the country's 14-year civil war (1990-2004), which left some 250,000 dead.
    (AP, 6/23/06)(Econ, 12/16/06, p.48)
2006        Jun 22, The UN Security Council unanimously recommended that newly independent Montenegro become the 192nd member of the United Nations.
    (AP, 6/23/06)
2006        Jun 22, Nepal's Maoist rebels said they are not prepared to disarm but are willing to put their army and their weapons under the supervision of the United Nations.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, Somalia's largely powerless government and the Islamic fighters who control the country's capital agreed to stop military action and recognize each other.
    (AP, 6/22/06)
2006        Jun 22, Parties backing the "Orange Revolution" agreed to form a coalition government to keep the pro-Western administration on course for bringing Ukraine out of Russia's shadow and into the European mainstream.
    (AP, 6/22/06)

2007        Jun 22, The US House of Representatives voted to prohibit any aid to Saudi Arabia as lawmakers accused the close ally of religious intolerance and bankrolling terrorist organizations.
    (Reuters, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, In Wyoming Republican legislator John Barrasso was named as the country’s newest US senator to replace the late Craig Thomas.
    (SFC, 6/23/07, p.A3)
2007        Jun 22, Blackstone Group share rose 13.1% in their stock market premier. This was the 6th richest IPO in US history. Schwarzman and Peter Peterson sold shares worth a combined $2.6 billion. In 2010 David Carey and John Morris authored “King of Capital: The Remarkable Rise, Fall, and Rise Again of Stephen Schwarzman and Blackstone." 
    (SFC, 6/23/07, p.C1)(Econ, 10/16/10, p.102)
2007        Jun 22, The space shuttle Atlantis landed in California to avoid rain in Florida, ending a two-week, five-million-mile mission for its crew of seven. While docked at the International Space Station, the astronauts successfully installed a new truss segment, expanding the station's laboratory with a new set of power-generating solar arrays. Atlantis ended a two-week mission bringing home crew member Sunita "Suni" Williams, who'd set an endurance record for the longest single spaceflight by a woman at 195 days.
    (AP, 6/23/07)(AP, 6/22/08)
2007        Jun 22, Guy Vander Jagt (75), a 13-term Republican congressman from Michigan, died in Washington.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2007        Jun 22, In southern Afghanistan Taliban militants attacked police posts, triggering NATO airstrikes overnight which killed 20 suspected militants, but also 25 civilians, including 9 women, 3 babies and the mullah at the local mosque 9 miles northeast of Gereshk town. NATO and US-led coalition forces killed 60 insurgents near the border with Pakistan, in what was described as the largest insurgent formation crossing the region in six months. Pakistan's army said a rocket fired during the battle hit a house on its territory, killing nine civilians. In Helmand province an attack on US-led coalition troops left one soldier dead and two others wounded.
    (AP, 6/22/07)(AP, 6/23/07)
2007        Jun 22, Algerian soldiers shot and killed six armed Islamists near Algiers, while two guards died in homemade bomb blasts at a gas pipeline southeast of the capital.
    (AFP, 6/24/07)
2007        Jun 22, British energy group BP, facing pressure from the Kremlin, said that it had agreed to sell its stakes in a Siberian gas field and company to Russian gas giant Gazprom for up to 900 million dollars (669 million euros).
    (AP, 6/22/07)(WSJ, 6/22/07, p.A3)
2007        Jun 22, Chinese investigators said government labor monitors and police officers were actively involved in the Chinese brickyard slavery scandal. A provincial governor apologized as the government stepped up efforts to try to show it was responding to a growing slave labor scandal.
    (AP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, In Colombia a wave of bombings in Bogota wounded 23 people. Marines defused another two bombs the next day. Authorities blamed the bombings on rebels seeking revenge for the killing of a regional guerrilla commander.
    (AP, 6/23/07)
2007        Jun 22, Southeastern Europe baked under soaring temperatures, with nearly 30 deaths across the region blamed on the year's first major heat wave.
    (AP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, In Greece immigrant groups opened the first formal Islamic prayer site to operate in Athens since rule by the Ottoman Empire ended more than 170 years ago.
    (AP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, In India 12 members of a wedding party were among 31 feared drowned overnight in two separate boat accidents in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Heavy rains and flooding killed at least 45 people in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and left nearly 100 children stranded on the roof of their school.
    (AP, 6/23/07)
2007        Jun 22, Iran interior minister was quoted saying Iran has produced more than 220 pounds of enriched uranium.
    (AP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, A suicide attacker wearing an explosives vest struck a police patrol in Fallujah, killing two officers. US helicopters killed 17 al-Qaida fighters as they tried to get by a checkpoint in Baqouba.
    (AP, 6/22/07)(WSJ, 6/23/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 22, In Kenya at least 20 people were killed overnight in and around Nairobi, including two people found beheaded and 14 killed in gunbattles.
    (AP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, Rebels attacked an army base in Niger, killing 13 and wounding 30 soldiers, and taking at least 47 prisoners.
    (AP, 6/23/07)
2007        Jun 22, Nigeria's crippling general strike entered a third day with labor leaders and government officials deadlocked after all-night talks ended in failure.
    (AP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, Pakistani police arrested Muhammad Shahid Jamil Qureshi, a former government minister, after a court cancelled his bail in connection with the death of a Canadian woman.
    (Reuters, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, Philippine Justice Secretary Raul Gonzalez said the government was dropping charges against veteran coup-plotter Gregorio Honasan after he was elected to the Senate last month.
    (AP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, South African unions turned down a revised offer of a 7.5% pay rise, ensuring that the country's biggest strike since the end of apartheid will go into a fourth week.
    (AFP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, In southern Thailand 10 people, including five soldiers, were hurt in two separate bombings.
    (AFP, 6/22/07)
2007        Jun 22, Zimbabwe's currency plunged to new depths as the US ambassador to Harare predicted galloping inflation will force Pres. Mugabe from office before the end of the year.
    (AP, 6/22/07)

2008        Jun 22, The Walker Fire began in Lake County, Ca. By June 25 it had covered 14,000 acres and was only 5% contained.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 22, In SF a father and 2 sons were shot and killed in the Excelsior district during a minor traffic encounter. On Jun 25 Edwin Ramos (21), an alleged member of MS-13, was arrested in El Sobrante on murder charges. On May 9, 2012, Ramos was convicted on 3 first-degree murder charges in the killings of Tony Bologna (48) and his two sons (16,20). On June 11, 2012, Ramos was sentenced to 3 consecutive life terms with no possibility of parole. An FBI report in 2006 had implicated Ramos in the killing of Rolando Valladares. On July 9, 2012, Wilfredo Reyes (31), suspected of aiding Ramos, was arrested in North Carolina along with Jose Antonio Mejia, a suspected MS-13 gang member.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.A1)(SFC, 5/10/12, p.A1)(SFC, 6/12/12, p.C3)(SSFC, 7/1/12, p.A1)(SFC, 7/10/12, p.A1)
2008        Jun 22, George Carlin (71), legendary comedian, died of heart failure at a hospital in Santa Monica, Calif. In 2009 His book written with Tony Hendra was published as “Last Words: A memoir."
    (AP, 6/23/08)(SSFC, 11/22/09, Books p.F3)
2008        Jun 22, Dody Goodman (b.1914) comedian and character actress, died in New Jersey. She had gained famed on Jack Paar’s late-night show (1957) and as the ditsy matriarch on the 1976 “Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman" soap opera.
    (SFC, 6/24/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 22, In Afghanistan US-led troops killed 55 militants including three senior commanders after rebels ambushed a patrol with rockets near the eastern Afghan-Pakistani border in fighting that had begun June 20. Militants in Pakistan fired rockets at NATO bases across the border in Afghanistan, killing three children in a village and prompting the alliance to launch a pair of retaliatory artillery strikes.
    (AFP, 6/23/08)(AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, Natural gas-rich Tarija became the fourth Bolivian state to declare autonomy from the government of leftist President Evo Morales as voters backed greater independence in a referendum.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, In Iraq a female suicide bomber struck near a government compound in Baqouba, killing at least 15 people and wounding 40. At least 21 suicide attacks have been carried out this year by women. A roadside bomb apparently targeting a police patrol struck a civilian car instead, killing four people, including two women, near the northern city of Kirkuk. A mortar attack in Udaim, 70 miles north of Baghdad, killed 10 members of a US-allied Sunni group that has joined forces with the Americans against al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/22/08)(AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, Israel increased the trickle of badly needed goods flowing into the Gaza Strip, in the latest stage of a four-day-old truce with Hamas militants.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, Fighting broke out in northern Lebanon between pro- and anti-government factions leaving at least four people dead.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, Militants in Nigeria's southern Niger Delta, whose campaign of sabotage has sharply cut the country's oil output, announced a ceasefire but stopped short of agreeing to participate in peace talks.
    (Reuters, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, Suspected Taliban rebels kidnapped 17 tribal policemen near Pakistan's Khyber pass, the latest incident on the main supply route for international forces in Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, A Russian film about a teenager surprised by the sudden appearance of the father she thought to be dead won the top prize at the 11th Shanghai International Film Festival. Vladimir Kott's directorial debut "Mukha" was named best feature film in the Jin Jue Awards announced at the conclusion of the nine-day festival.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, Saudi Arabia held meeting in Jiddah between oil producing and consuming nations as a way to show that it was not deaf to international cries that high oil prices have caused social and economic turmoil. Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi said Saudi Arabia is willing to produce more oil if customers need it without citing any specific output increase. Britain’s PM Gordon Brown called for cash-rich Gulf nations to invest in renewable and nuclear energy production in Britain and elsewhere.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, In Somalia gunmen killed Mohamed Hassan Kulmiye, a senior official with the Mogadishu-based Centre For Research and Dialogue (CRD), one day after kidnapping a UN official, the latest in a string of attacks against aid and rights workers.
    (AFP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, Sri Lanka Army troops captured six rebel bunkers near the front lines in Vavuniya after a battle that killed 10 rebels and five soldiers. In the nearby Mannar district, soldiers clashed with guerrillas, leaving 10 rebels and one soldier dead. Other battles in Welioya, Vavuniya and Jaffna killed 13 rebels while wounding 30 rebels and 15 soldiers.
    (AP, 6/23/08)
2008        Jun 22, Sudanese media said leaders of north and south Sudan have agreed to submit a dispute over the oil rich Abyei region to international arbitration in The Hague.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, Thailand’s PM Samak Sundaravej agreed to resign if he lost a no-confidence vote in Parliament.
    (AP, 6/22/08)
2008        Jun 22, Zimbabwe’s opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai said he is pulling out of this week's presidential runoff due to mounting violence and intimidation against his supporters.
    (AP, 6/22/08)

2009        Jun 22, Pres. Obama, in an effort to curb teen smoking, signed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. The legislation gave the FDA unprecedented authority to regulate what goes into tobacco products.
    (SFC, 6/23/09, p.A6)(Econ, 6/20/09, p.33)
2009        Jun 22, The US Supreme Court ruled 6-3 to allow a mining company to dump waste from an Alaskan gold mine into a nearby 23-acre lake, although the material will kill all of the lake's fish. Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin called the decision "great news for Alaska" and said it "is a green light for responsible resource development." The Kensington gold mine 45 miles north of Juneau will produce as many as 370 jobs when it begins operation.
    (AP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 22, In Lead, South Dakota, scientists, politicians and other officials gathered for a groundbreaking of sorts at a lab 4,850 foot below the surface of an old gold mine that was once the site of Nobel Prize-winning physics research, a place uniquely suited to scientists' quest for mysterious particles known as dark matter.
    (AP, 6/23/09)
2009        Jun 22, Kodak announced that it would discontinue the production of its Kodachrome 64 color film.
    (SFC, 7/7/09, p.D1)
2009        Jun 22, In Kansas 4 bodies, including a 3-year-old girl, were found on the front year of a Kansas City home. Adrian Burks (37) was arrested the next day and charged with aggravated battery in the beating of another man hours before the slayings. Two days later Burks was charged with the 4 murders.
    (SFC, 6/26/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 22, A Washington DC Metrorail transit system train plowed into another stopped train, killing at least seven people and injuring scores of others. It was part of an aging fleet that federal officials had sought to phase out because of safety concerns.
    (AP, 6/23/09)
2009        Jun 22, US pilot Capt. George B. Houghton (28), of Candler, NC, died in an F-16 crash at the Utah Test and Training Range near the Nevada-Utah state line.
    (SFC, 6/24/09, p.A4)(SFC, 6/25/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 22, The United States dedicated the site of a new $170 million representative office in Taiwan.
    (AP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 22, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorbike killed 7 civilians when he drove into the center of eastern Khost city and set off explosives. In Kandahar province another suicide bomber killed 3 Afghan soldiers in an attack on a convoy of troops inspecting a highway bridge for explosives. In eastern Nangarhar province, an explosion at a weapons cache killed a 6-year-old boy and wounded 20 others. A major clash in the southwestern province of Farah left nine militants and two Afghan troops dead.
    (AP, 6/22/09)(AP, 6/23/09)
2009        Jun 22, Australian police said that an e-mail challenging PM Kevin Rudd's honesty in his 19-month-old government's biggest political crisis appeared to be a forgery.
    (AP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 22, In eastern Bolivia 8 men from a Mennonite farming community were arrested following accusations of raping dozens of females at the settlement. 60 women, from 11 to 47 years old, have accused the men of rape.
    (AP, 6/23/09)
2009        Jun 22, Britain pledged an extra five million pounds in aid to Zimbabwe, hailing progress under a new unity government but urging more reform after landmark talks between leaders of the two countries.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 22, In Toronto, Canada, garbage collectors, daycare workers and other municipal employees went on strike in a contract dispute that could lead to a prolonged shutdown of important services.
    (AP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 22, In Colombia rebels killed at least seven members of a police counterinsurgency unit in an ambush in the country's southwest.
    (AP, 6/23/09)
2009        Jun 22, In Democratic Republic of Congo rioting inmates overnight raped around 20 female prisoners during a failed prison break in Goma. Two people were killed and 12 others were injured when prisoners detonated two grenades.
    (Reuters, 6/23/09)
2009        Jun 22, French President Nicolas Sarkozy declared that the Islamic burqa is not welcome in France, branding the face-covering, body-length gown as a symbol of subservience that suppresses women's identities.
    (AP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 22, Across eastern and central India security forces were on high alert as Maoists staged a 2-day general strike and the federal government slapped a formal ban on the rebels.
    (AP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 22, In Ingushetia a suicide car bomber attacked a convoy carrying Yunus Bek Yevkurov (45), the president of the troubled Russian province, critically wounding him and killing two bodyguards. A 3rd guard died later from his wounds. A group, which calls itself the Riyadus Salikhin Martyrs' Brigade, later said it staged the attack on the president of Ingushetia because of his support for Kremlin policies and because of his role in the second war in Chechnya that began in 1999.
    (AP, 6/22/09)(SFC, 6/23/09, p.A2)
2009        Jun 22, In Iran riot police attacked hundreds of demonstrators with tear gas and fired live bullets in the air to disperse a rally in central Tehran, carrying out a threat by the country's most powerful security force to crush any further opposition protests over the disputed presidential election. The Guardian Council, acknowledged voting irregularities in 50 electoral districts in the June 12 vote, the most serious official admission so far of problems in the election that the opposition has labeled a fraud.
    (AP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 22, In Iraq bombings killed as many as 18 people in the Baghdad area as violence intensified ahead of a planned withdrawal next week of US troops from major cities and urban areas. Bombings and shooting killed over 30 people across Iraq.
    (AP, 6/22/09)(SFC, 6/23/09, p.A3)
2009        Jun 22, In Italy Khaled Hussein (73), a Palestinian man who helped plan the 1985 hijacking of the Achille Lauro cruise ship, died of a heart attack in a jail in Benevento.
    (SFC, 6/23/09, p.A2)
2009        Jun 22, In Kashmir 4 Indian police officials were suspended over their handling of a rape and murder case that has sent shockwaves through the disputed Muslim-majority region.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)
2009        Jun 22, Mexican customs officials made 3 major drug seizures. Nearly 1,000 pounds (450 kilos) of cocaine was found hidden in a shipment of tires from Colombia, found at the Pacific port of Manzan. More than 1,200 pounds (545 kilos) of marijuana was discovered in the border city of Nuevo Laredo. 330 pounds (150 kilos) of pseudophedrine pills, used to make methamphetamine, was found in a shipment of medical supplies from Bangladesh, stopped at Mexico City International Airport.
    (AP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 22, Pakistan's army said they were in the final phase of a campaign to crush militants in Swat valley, as clashes intensified with Taliban fighters in the northwest tribal belt. Militants near the Afghan border launched attacks on three Pakistani military bases and fighter jets responded with airstrikes that killed at least 25 people, mostly insurgents. 3 women and 3 children died when the house of a local tribal leader was hit in the Razmak area. A suicide bomber rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into a police checkpoint in the Bagram district bordering Swat, killing two people.
    (AFP, 6/22/09)(AP, 6/22/09)(SFC, 6/23/09, p.A3)
2009        Jun 22, An Islamic court in Somalia sentenced four men to have a hand and a leg cut off for stealing mobile phones and guns. The court postponed the punishment the next day saying the hot weather could cause them to bleed to death.
    (AP, 6/23/09)(SFC, 6/23/09, p.A2)
2009        Jun 22, Pirates off Somalia were chased down and captured by NATO’s Portuguese warship, the Corte-real, after an attempted hijacking of a Singaporean freighter.
    (SFC, 6/23/09, p.A2)
2009        Jun 22, In Tanzania a UN court, trying alleged masterminds of Rwanda's 1994 genocide, sentenced former interior minister Callixte Kalimanzira (56) to 30 years in prison for tricking thousands of people to hide on a hill, only to watch them get slaughtered by militias.
    (AP, 6/22/09)

2010        Jun 22, The Obama administration unveiled a multi-agency strategy to combat homelessness. The 67-page plan was called “Opening Doors."
    (Econ, 6/26/10, p.36)
2010        Jun 22, General Stanley McChrystal, the US military commander in Afghanistan, was summoned to the White House after he and his aides mocked and criticized top officials including President Barack Obama in an explosive interview with Rolling Stone magazine. US defense officials said Duncan Boothby, a senior media aide to McChrystal, has resigned after a magazine article portrayed the military commander and his team making critical comments about the Obama administration.
    (AFP, 6/22/10)(Reuters, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, A US congressional hearing was held on a new report titled “Warlond Inc., which focused on the Pentagon's system of outsourcing to private companies the job of moving supplies in Afghanistan. According to the report, "The principal private security subcontractors are warlords, strongmen, commanders and militia leaders who compete with the Afghan central government for power and authority." The report described a mafia of politically warlords enriched by contracts to protect NATO convoys, which some also allegedly attack.
    (Econ, 6/26/10, p.30)(http://tinyurl.com/2722o2r)
2010        Jun 22, In New Orleans US District Judge Martin Feldman struck down the Obama administration’s 6-month ban on deep-water drilling. It was later disclosed that Feldman was heavily invested in the oil and gas industry last year, according to his 2009 financial disclosure.
    (SFC, 6/23/10, p.A6)(http://news.yahoo.com/s/ynews/20100625/ts_ynews/ynews_ts2856)
2010        Jun 22, The San Francisco Board of Supervisors' 10-1 vote in favor of an ordinance requiring cell phone retailers to disclose the phones' specific absorption rate, or SAR, to customers.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, In Florida Kenneth Wayne McLeod (48) was found dead in an apparent suicide. On June 24 a US federal judge in Miami issued an order freezing the assets of the estate of the McLeod, his consulting firm and an affiliated investment firm. The SEC alleged that McLeod and associated firms had defrauded an estimated 260 investors starting in 1988 in an alleged $34 million Ponzi scheme, which targeted federal employees.
    (SFC, 6/26/10, p.D3)
2010        Jun 22, Austin Heap (26) launched Proxyheap, the precursor to anti-censorship software called Haystack. He soon received a license from the US treasury, State Dept. and commerce Dept. to export it to Iran. The software was withdrawn on Sep 10 due to security issues.
    (Econ, 9/18/10, p.75)
2010        Jun 22, In northern Afghanistan Dr. Azizullah Safari, the head of a provincial health department, was killed by a bomb planted in his private clinic in Kunduz province. Two NATO service members were killed in attacks. NATO and Afghan forces captured a senior Taliban figure in an overnight raid. A British marine was killed, taking the Britain’s military death toll in the war-torn country to 303.
    (AP, 6/22/10)(AFP, 6/23/10)
2010        Jun 22, Australia reinstated race discrimination laws in the remote Northern Territory region after suspending them for three years to pursue a controversial crime crackdown in poor Aboriginal townships. Indigenous Affairs Minister Jenny Macklin said: "Reinstating the RDA (Racial Discrimination Act) restores dignity and helps Indigenous Australians to take ownership of their lives and to drive change in the Northern Territory."
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Belarussian President Alexander Lukashenko ordered the shutdown of transit of Russian gas to Europe, escalating a new "gas war" after Moscow slashed supplies to Minsk in a debt dispute. Belarus said Gazprom owes it 217 million dollars in transit fees.
    (AFP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, In Brazil floods after days of driving rain killed at least 51 people in the northeast, and left another 120,000 people homeless. After some days the number of missing dropped to 76.
    (AP, 6/22/10)(AFP, 6/23/10)(AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 22, Britain announced the toughest cuts to public spending in decades and new tax rises in an emergency budget aimed at sharply reducing the country's record debts.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Britain, France and Germany committed to levying a fee on banks to shield taxpayers from the cost of resolving financial crises and said they would ask other countries to join them.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, In Britain an 1878 self-portrait by Edouard Manet sold for 22.4 million pounds at Sotheby's auction house in London, setting a new record for a work by the master impressionist.
    (AFP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, In Burundi 2 people were reported killed and several wounded overnight in the latest spate of attacks to rock the East African nation amid a tense electoral crisis.
    (AFP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, In southern India a speeding truck rammed into two tractors pulling trolleys loaded with guests returning from a wedding, killing 18 people, including the groom.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Iran's state television says the country will send an aid ship to the blockaded Gaza Strip with 1,100 tons of relief supplies.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, In Iraq bombs killed at least nine Iraqis, including two leaders of government-backed Sunni militias that have fought al-Qaida in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Israel's defense minister criticized the approval by a Jerusalem planning body of a plan to raze 22 Palestinian homes in the disputed eastern part of the city to make room for an Israeli tourist center, saying it lacked "common sense" and "a sense of timing."
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Israel launched a spy satellite called "Ofek 9" increasing Israel's capacity to keep an eye on enemies like Iran.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Israeli archaeologists uncovered the heaviest and most valuable gold coin ever found in Israel. The 2,200-year-old coin weighs an ounce (28 grams) and was found at the Tel Kedesh site near the Lebanon border.
    (AP, 8/11/10)
2010        Jun 22, In Jamaica reputed drug baron Christopher "Dudus" Coke (42) sought out a preacher's advice and tried to turn himself in to US marshals. He was caught by police at a highway checkpoint before he could get there. 73 people were killed in the process of catching Coke. He was later extradited to the US. On Dec 8, 2011, PM Andrew Holness said a US surveillance plane helped monitor the deadly raid.
    (AP, 6/23/10)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.46)(AP, 12/9/11)
2010        Jun 22, Kyrgyzstan troops reportedly beat several dozen men and women in an Uzbek neighborhood in Osh in a raid that deepened refugees' fears about returning to an area seared by an eruption of deadly ethnic violence.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Pakistan's PM Yousuf Raza Gilani, defying a warning from Washington, promised to go ahead with a plan to import natural gas from Iran even if the US levies additional sanctions. Pakistani troops backed by fighter jets killed 43 militants and wounded two dozen others in the Orakzai tribal region. 4 soldiers were killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Peru's coca crop grew for a fourth straight year, according to the UN, edging the country closer to Colombia in overall cultivation of the raw material of cocaine.
    (AP, 6/23/10)
2010        Jun 22, Philippine marines killed two Muslim rebels in two clashes on Jolo island.
    (AP, 6/24/10)
2010        Jun 22, Puerto Rican Sen. Hector Martinez Maldonado (41) was indicted for allegedly supporting legislation in favor of a private security company in exchange for a trip to Las Vegas to watch a boxing match. Martinez was first elected senator in 2004 and re-elected in 2008. He resigned in March as head of an important judicial committee citing a federal investigation, but he denied any wrongdoing.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, Russia’s Pres. Medvedev arrived in California, where he planned to have dinner in San Francisco with Gov. Schwarzenegger. A tour of Silicon Valley was scheduled for the next day along with a speech at Stanford Univ.
    (SFC, 6/22/10, p.D1)
2010        Jun 22, A Saudi court convicted four women and 11 men for mingling at a party and sentenced them to flogging and prison terms.
    (AP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, South Africa went out with heads high, despite being the only hosts ever to exit the World Cup's first round, but France headed home in shame and Latin American giants Argentina cruised into the second round. Troubled France crashed out of the World Cup losing 2-1 to South Africa.
    (AP, 6/22/10)(AFP, 6/23/10)
2010        Jun 22, In Sudan 2 German humanitarian workers were abducted when unknown gunmen swooped on the offices of the THW group in south Darfur. Fighting between government troops and rebels of the Justice and Equality Movement killed 50 people and wounded 101 in Sudan's Darfur region. The release of the German aid workers was announced on July 27.
    (AFP, 6/23/10)(AP, 7/27/10)
2010        Jun 22, In Syria a severe 4-year drought was reported to be devastating rural communities, forcing them to abandon the country's traditional breadbasket in the northeast for cities in search of employment.
    (AFP, 6/22/10)
2010        Jun 22, In Turkey Kurdish rebels detonated a remote-controlled bomb in Istanbul, killing 5 people and wounding 12 on a bus carrying military personnel and their families.
    (AP, 6/22/10)

2011        Jun 22, President Barack Obama mapped a course for drawing down the nearly 10-year war in Afghanistan and set a target of bringing home 33,000 troops by next summer.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/23/11)
2011        Jun 22, The Obama administration pledged to increase its investment in Central Americas security to nearly $300 million this year to thwart the expanding activities of drug cartels threatening to destabilize the entire region.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Mob boss James "Whitey" Bulger (81) was captured near Los Angeles, along with longtime girlfriend Catherine Greig, after 16 years on the run that embarrassed the FBI and exposed the bureau's corrupt relationship with its underworld informants. Anna Bjornsdottir, a one-time model and Miss Iceland 1974, was later paid a $2 million reward for the tip that led to Bulger's arrest. She had gotten to know Bulger's girl friend Catherine Greig after the two women both took a shared interest in a local stray cat in Santa Monica.
    (AP, 6/23/11)(Reuters, 10/10/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Seattle Abu Khalid Abdul-Latif, aka Joseph Anthony Davis, and Walli Mujahidh, aka Frederick Domingue Jr., were arrested in an FBI sting after they arrived at a warehouse to pick up machine guns for an attack on a military recruiting station.
    (SFC, 6/24/11, p.A10)
2011        Jun 22, Hedge funds faced closer scrutiny under SEC rules being approved today that seek to protect investors from risky trades and prevent another financial crisis.
    (AP, 6/22/11) 
2011        Jun 22, An Algerian court sentenced a 28-year-old Palestinian to four years in jail for possession of a banned substance used to make explosives. The defendant had been arrested by security services last year in possession of 300 grams of mercury fulminate and crystal rocks.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Bahrain sentenced 8 prominent Shi'ite Muslim activists and opposition leaders to life in prison on charges of plotting a coup during protests in the Gulf island kingdom earlier this year. Witnesses say Bahrain security forces fired tear gas at protesters after a security court sentenced Shiite activists to life in prison.
    (Reuters, 6/22/11)(AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Bahrain sentenced opposition leader Ibrahim Sharif to five years in prison for plotting to overthrow the monarchy. Sharif was released on June 19, 2015.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibrahim_Sharif)(SSFC, 6/21/15, p.A3)
2011        Jun 22, The online pranksters at Lulz Security (LulzSec) say they've taken down two government Web sites in Brazil as they continue with their global "Anti-Security" campaign. The cyber attack blocked traffic to the website of the Brazilian presidency and two other government sites.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(http://tinyurl.com/3ddjml6)
2011        Jun 22, In China renowned Chinese artist and activist Ai Weiwei was released on bail after confessing to tax evasion following more than three months in detention.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Colombia women of Barbacoas announced that they would deny their partners sex until authorities began paving a 35-mile (57-km) road linking the town of 35,000 people with the provincial capital of Pasto. Army engineers began work on Oct 11 and the sex strike was declared over.
    (AP, 10/13/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Egypt unidentified assailants have killed two policemen and wounded another two when they opened fire on their patrol in northern Sinai.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In France European plane maker Airbus won a slew of orders for its A320 medium-haul workhorse, including a record deal for 180 from Indian budget carrier IndiGo at a rainy Paris Air Show.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Guatemala the World Bank unveiled a billion-dollar plan to fund security measures in Central America, amid other hundred-million-dollar pledges from donors bidding to cut a wave of drug gang-related violence sweeping the region. The announcement came as leaders of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama attended the Central American Security Conference aiming to curb crime fueled by a spillover from Mexico's war on drug cartels.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In northeastern India a protest against squatter evictions turned deadly as riot police fired tear gas and live rounds into the air to disperse thousands of stone-throwing protesters in Gauhati, Assam state.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Indonesia indigenous peoples of Borneo demanded a halt to internationally backed forest conservation schemes, saying they are trampling their rights and robbing their lands.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Iran’s state-run Press TV announced that 30 people were arrested in May on suspicion of spying for the US.
    (SFC, 6/23/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 22, Iraqi lawmakers said they are trying to figure out what happened to about $17 billion that was supposed to be used for reconstruction. Gunmen attacked an Iranian oil delegation visiting Baghdad. A series of attacks in Baghdad during rush hour left one person dead and 30 others wounded.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(Reuters, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Iraq said it would donate 10 million dollars in disaster relief to Japan and offered oil sales, as Tokyo struggles with the devastation of a March 11 tsunami.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Japan passed legislation easing the process for non-profit organizations to get favorable tax status.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.39)
2011        Jun 22, Kenyan activists demanded the arrest of the education minister over revelations that $45 million donated for elementary education was stolen. A government audit last week found that $45 million in education funding had been stolen, far above the $1 million a 2009 audit found had been stolen.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Japan TEPCO, owner of the tsunami-damaged nuclear plant, said it will pay an estimated $1 billion (88 billion yen) to thousands of residents who evacuated homes near the radiation-leaking plant and don't yet know when they can return.
    (AP, 6/22/11)     
2011        Jun 22, In Libya NATO warplanes resumed daytime strikes on targets in Tripoli as alliance member Italy called for the "immediate suspension" of hostilities there. Gaddafi forces landed rockets in the center of Misrata for the first time in several weeks.
    (AP, 6/22/11)(Reuters, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Morocco's pro-reform February 20 Movement urged a boycott of the constitutional referendum proposed by King Mohammed VI and called for peaceful nationwide protests.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, The Myanmar military-backed government deported Hollywood actress Michelle Yeoh, who stars as pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi in an upcoming movie, on the same day as she arrived in Yangon. The Luc Besson movie about Suu Kyi's life, "The Lady," is due out later this year.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 22, In the Philippines Gregorio "Comrade Roger" Rosal (64), a popular Mao cap-wearing Filipino guerrilla, died of a heart attack. He had given a voice and face to one of Asia's longest-running Marxist insurgencies as its spokesman.
    (AP, 10/9/11)
2011        Jun 22, Russia denied registration to the People's Freedom Party, a new political party created by three prominent opposition leaders, effectively barring them from participating in upcoming parliamentary and presidential elections.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Russia and the EU signed a deal agreeing conditions for the resumption of EU fresh vegetable imports to Russia, which banned them because of a deadly E.coli outbreak.
    (Reuters, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Senegal African superstar Youssou Ndour added his voice to the critics condemning a new law being proposed by Senegal's ruling party to create a vice presidential post. The opposition charged that the vice presidential post is being created so that the country's aging president can appoint his unpopular son, and put in motion a mechanism for his succession.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Sudan sporadic air strikes and shelling began taking place in the eastern and southern parts of South Kordofan's Nuba Mountains, home to Sudan's indigenous non-Arab Nuba. One woman was killed and four others, including two children, were wounded in an aerial attack on Kauda. The Nuba peoples had fought with former southern rebels, the SPLA, during their 1983-2005 war with Khartoum.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Turkey Hamas chief Khaled Meshaal held talks with Turkish officials on efforts to achieve Palestinian unity during a two-day visit to Istanbul.
    (AFP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, Vietnam released Tran Khai Thanh Thuy (50), a dissident writer and pro-democracy activist, and deported her to the United States on humanitarian grounds.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 22, Yemeni security officials said 57 militants, mostly from al-Qaida, tunneled their way from the Mukalla jail in southern Yemen.
    (AP, 6/22/11)
2011        Jun 22, In Zimbabwe a gang of 27 armed robbers struck again stealing three tons of gold ore at Chav-Chess Farm outside Kadoma.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)

2012        Jun 22, The Arkansas Supreme Court struck down the state’s death penalty law, faulting a provision that allowed the Corrections Dept. to select the fatal drugs used in an execution.
    (SFC, 6/23/12, p.A4)
2012        Jun 22, Tesla Motors delivered its first all electric sedan, the Model S, from is plant in Fremont, Ca.
    (SFC, 6/23/12, p.D1)
2012        Jun 22, In Florida Anthony Giancola (45), a former middle-school principal who lost his job over a drug arrest 5 years ago, went on a rampage. He stabbed several people and killed at least two in Lealman, near Tampa, before being arrested by police.
    (SFC, 6/23/12, p.A4)
2012        Jun 22, North Las Vegas, after five years of declining property taxes, massive layoffs and questionable spending, declared a state of emergency, invoking a rarely used state law crafted for unforeseen disasters.
    (AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Pennsylvania Jerry Sandusky (68), former defensive coach at Penn State, was convicted of sexually assaulting 10 boys over 15 years.
    (SFC, 6/23/12, p.A4)
2012        Jun 22, In Afghan a 12-hour long rampage ended after heavily armed insurgents stormed into the Spozhmai hotel at Qargha Lake north of Kabul and opened fire on guests inside, killing 18 people, most civilians. Police said 5 Taliban attackers were shot and killed. 2 NATO service members were killed by insurgents in the south.
    (AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, Austrian prosecutors filed a criminal complaint against lobbyist Alfons Mensdorff-Pouilly, suspected of bribery and money laundering while working for the British aerospace giant BAE Systems from 2000 to 2008.
    (AFP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, The president of Azerbaijan pardoned 66 convicts, including nine youth activists arrested during a wave of anti-government protests last year inspired by the Arab Spring.
    (AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Bolivia a mutiny by rank-and-file police demanding higher wages spread across the nation, with an estimated 4,000 officers occupying barracks. Bolivia's 28,000 rank-and-file police officers earn an average of $194 a month, a third less than a sergeant in the armed forces. The police force was widely seen as the country's most corrupt institution.
    (AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Brazil “Rio+20," the biggest UN summit on sustainable development in a decade, approved a strategy to haul more than a billion people out poverty and cure the sickness of the biosphere. The gathering of 191 UN members crowned a 10-day forum marking 20 years since the Rio Earth Summit, where leaders vowed the world would live within its environmental means. "Sustainable Development Goals" will replace the UN's Millennium Development Goals from 2015.
    (AFP, 6/23/12)
2012        Jun 22, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao arrived in Uruguay, his first stop on a multi-nation visit to South America.
    (AFP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Egypt tens of thousands rallied in Cairo's Tahrir Square to support Mohammed Morsi, the Brotherhood's candidate for president. A delay in the run-off results, which had been due a day earlier, widely raised suspicions that the result was being negotiated rather than counted.
    (AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, In India villagers in the eastern state of Jharkhand killed a man and his two teenaged sons, accusing them of practicing witchcraft.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Iraq 2 bombs tore through a market full of shoppers in Baghdad, killing 14 people and wounding more than 100. Gunmen opened fire on a police checkpoint in western Baghdad, killing three officers, A bomb exploded in a car parked near the entrance of the Shiite al-Askari shrine in Samara, killing one pilgrim and injuring 13 other people.
    (AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan fired his national security adviser and defense minister, as fears mounted over spiraling unrest in the country's north. The new security adviser will be Sambo Dasuki, a retired colonel, prominent northerner and cousin to the Sultan of Sokoto, Nigeria's highest Muslim spiritual figure.
    (AFP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Pakistan Raja Pervez Ashraf was elected as the new prime minister after the Supreme Court dismissed Yousuf Raza Gilani for contempt. Ashraf was head of the water and power ministry for three years, an unpopular position in a country where daily blackouts in the steamy summer can be as long as 22 hours.
    (AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired two rockets that hit Israel, as a truce declared by the Islamist Hamas ruling the enclave entered its second day.
    (AFP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Paraguay 39 senators voted to dismiss Pres. Fernando Lugo after a five-hour trial, while four senators voted against and two were absent. Lugo, a former Roman Catholic bishop elected on a pledge to help the poor, said he would step aside following the Senate vote, even though he called it a blow to democracy. Federico Franco (49) of the Authentic Radical Liberal Party was sworn in to serve out the remainder of Lugo’s term.
    (AP, 6/23/12)
2012        Jun 22, Somali leaders approved the draft constitution. The president, prime minister and four other leaders signed the document at a meeting in Nairobi, Kenya. Somali PM Abdiweli Mohamed Ali said the constitutional is only provisional until Somali citizens can vote on it.
    (AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, In South Africa 18 police officers, recently arrested on charges of murder, assault and possession of ammunition, appeared in court in Durban. They were freed on 5,000 rand (less than $600) bail each.
    (AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Sudan black smoke hung over Khartoum and tear gas stung the air as security forces tried to disperse widening protests sparked by rising food prices.
    (AFP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, Swaziland teachers went on strike demanding a 4.5 percent salary increase.
    (AFP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jun 22, Syria’s state-run news agency, SANA, said terrorist groups had killed and mutilated at least 25 people in Daret Azzeh, a rebel-held area in the Aleppo countryside. A video emerged showing more than a dozen bloodied corpses, some of them piled on top of each other and in military uniforms, in what the government said was a "massacre" by rebels in the northern province of Aleppo. Activists reported that thousands of people rallied in various parts to protest the regime following afternoon prayers. Syria said it shot down a Turkish military plane that entered Syrian air space. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 116 people were killed today in violence across the country.
    (AP, 6/22/12)(AP, 6/23/12)(AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Tanzania bandits killed a Dutch tourist and the manager of a safari lodge in Serengeti national park. Police soon arrested 5 people. On July 5 Daniel Musa, Marwa Machage and Ghati Wegesa were charged in connection with the killings and robberies.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)(AFP, 7/7/12)
2012        Jun 22, Uganda’s government said in a statement that it does not discriminate against people "of a different sexual orientation." It was signed by Ethics Minister Simon Lokodo, the official accused by gay activists of orchestrating a hate campaign that includes breaking up gay conferences and threatening to expel civil society groups he says promote homosexuality.
    (AP, 6/22/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Venezuela Pres. Hugo Chavez and Iran’s Pres. Ahmadinejad pledged to stand together to battle "imperialism," with Chavez criticizing tough sanctions on Tehran.
    (AFP, 6/23/12)
2012        Jun 22, In Zimbabwe a handful of male lawmakers underwent voluntary circumcision in a new public drive to curb the spread of HIV, which affects about one in 10 people in the southern African country.
    (AFP, 6/22/12)

2013        Jun 22, In Ohio a plane carrying wing walker Jane Wicker crashed at The Vectren Air Show near Dayton. Wicker and the pilot were killed.
    (SSFC, 6/23/13, p.A7)
2013        Jun 22, In Afghanistan a coalition service member died in a militant attack in the south.
    (AP, 6/22/13)
2013        Jun 22, In Brazil tens of thousands of anti-government demonstrators again took to streets in several cities. An estimated about 60,000 demonstrators gathered in a central square in Belo Horizonte, largely to denounce legislation that would limit the power of federal prosecutors to investigate crime.
    (AP, 6/22/13)
2013        Jun 22, In southern England four-year-old colt Thomas Chippendale collapsed and died shortly after winning the Hardwicke Stakes at Royal Ascot.
    (Reuters, 6/22/13)
2013        Jun 22, In China Fan Jiemin (62) shot to death 5 people and killed another with a tool at a chemical plant in Shanghai. The plant had been closed over pollution complaints.
    (http://english.caixin.com/2013-06-24/100545440.html)
2013        Jun 22, In India at least 7,000 people were air-lifted by air force and privately-owned helicopters and transported to Uttarakhand's capital, Dehradun. Some 22,000 people remained stranded in the flood-hit state with bad weather and heavy rainfall predicted over the next two days.
    (AP, 6/22/13)
2013        Jun 22, In Iraq a suicide bombing inside a Shiite mosque during evening prayers and other attacks north of Baghdad killed 23 people.
    (AP, 6/22/13)
2013        Jun 22, Jordan’s PM Abdullah Ensour said some 900 US military personnel, including dozens staying on from joint military drills, are in Jordan to bolster its defense and prevent the Syrian civil war from spreading across its border.
    (AP, 6/22/13)
2013        Jun 22, In northern Pakistan some 15 Islamic militants wearing police uniforms shot to death 10 foreign climbers and one Pakistani guide before dawn at the base camp of Nanga Parbat, the ninth highest mountain in the world. The dead included 3 Ukrainians, 3 Chinese, 2 Slovakians, one Lithuanian and one Nepalese. Pakistani Taliban said the attack was to avenge a US drone strike that killed a deputy leader last month. In 2014 it was reported that the actual plan had been to kidnap Chinese-American Chen Honglu and use him as a high-value Taliban bargaining chip.
    (AP, 6/23/13)(SFC, 6/24/13, p.A3)(AFP, 6/29/14)
2013        Jun 22, The militant Islamic group Hamas that rules Gaza executed two men whom it accused of passing intelligence to Israel. Raed Jundiyeh, an Islamic Jihad militant wanted by Hamas for the kidnapping of a Gaza resident, was shot in the head by Hamas police as he resisted arrest. Jundiyeh died the next day.
    (AP, 6/22/13)(SFC, 6/25/13, p.A3)
2013        Jun 22, In Qatar an 11-nation group including the US met in Doha to coordinate military aid and other forms of assistance to rebels in Syria.
    (AP, 6/23/13)
2013        Jun 22, Syrian government forces stepped up their attack against rebel strongholds north Damascus. Opposition fighters declared their own offensive in the country's largest city Aleppo.
    (AP, 6/22/13)
2013        Jun 22, Turkish police used water cannon to disperse thousands gathered in Istanbul's Taksim Square to observe a memorial for four people killed during recent anti-government protests. The officers later fired tear gas and rubber bullets, and in some cases beat people with batons, to scatter demonstrators who regrouped in side streets.
    (AP, 6/22/13)
2013        Jun 22, The UN said another 27 residents of an Iraqi camp housing members of an Iranian exile group have been relocated to Albania.
    (AP, 6/22/13)

2014        Jun 22, The US Border Patrol said it will fly nearly 300 Central American migrants from south Texas to California for processing, as the government seeks to ease the workload on agents at the nation's busiest corridor for illegal crossings.
    (AP, 6/22/14)
2014        Jun 22, Fouad Ajami (b.1945), Lebanon-born academic and author on Middle East affairs, died in Maine. His books included “The Arab Predicament: Arab Political Thought and Practice Since 1967" (1981) and “The Dream Palace of the Arabs: A Generation’s Odyssey" (1998).
    (SFC, 6/25/14, p.D3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fouad_Ajami)
2014        Jun 22, In Massachusetts an Amtrak train struck a sports utility vehicle that was apparently driving on train tracks. 3 people were killed in the SUV and the train derailed with no injuries.
    (SFC, 6/24/14, p.A6)
2014        Jun 22, The party of Afghan presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah broadcast audio that it said showed mass fraud had been committed in an election that aims to transfer power democratically in the country for the first time.
    (Reuters, 6/22/14)
2014        Jun 22, British newspaper The Sunday Times reported that the 25 board members of FIFA, the international governing body of association football, futsal and beach soccer, now get a $200,000 stipend for their part-time duties. FIFA declined to comment on claims that annual payments were doubled for executive committee members after their bonuses were stopped last December.
    (AP, 6/22/14)
2014        Jun 22, Felix Dennis (67), British hedonist and media magnate, died. His 20,000 hectare Forest of Dennis included a garden of heroes with life-size statues of famous figures. 
    (Econ, 7/5/14, p.78)
2014        Jun 22, In Cameroon an anti-poaching Cessna 172, flown by American Bill Fitzpatrick (59), disappeared as he approached Douala on a flight from Kano, Nigeria. Villagers stumbled on his remains in April 2015.
    (AP, 4/15/15)
2014        Jun 22, China’s Ministry of Civil Affairs said five days of rainstorms in the south have left 26 people dead and another three missing and led to direct economic losses of 4 billion yuan ($650 million).
    (AP, 6/23/14)
2014        Jun 22, Tens of thousands of Hong Kongers lined up to vote, joining hundreds of thousands of others who cast electronic ballots in the first three days of an unofficial referendum on democratic reform that Beijing has blasted as a farce.
    (AP, 6/22/14)
2014        Jun 22, Iraqi military officials said Sunni militants have captured the Turabil crossing with Jordan and the al-Walid crossing with Syria. Militants also seized Rutba in Anbar province, the fourth town to fall in two days.
    (AP, 6/22/14)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.40)
2014        Jun 22, Israeli tanks fired at Syrian army positions following an attack from inside Syria that killed Mohammed Qaraqara, a 13-year-old Israeli boy, on the occupied Golan Heights.
    (Reuters, 6/22/14)
2014        Jun 22, Israeli soldiers in Nablus fired at stone-throwing Palestinians overnight, killing Ahmad Famawi (26). In Ramallah, the Islamic Jihad militant group said one of its members was killed by Israeli gunfire. Israeli troops fatally shot Ahmed Saoud (27), a mentally ill Palestinian, as he approached them in the Al-Ein refugee camp. 
    (Reuters, 6/22/14)(SFC, 6/23/14, p.A4)
2014        Jun 22, In Kosovo special EU police backed by NATO fired tear gas and rubber bullets at ethnic Albanian rioters burning police cars and lobbing rocks in the ethnically-divided town of Mitrovica, in protest over the blockage of the main bridge by ethnic Serbs.
    (Reuters, 6/22/14)
2014        Jun 22, In northern Nigeria suspected Islamist militants kidnapped as many as 91 villagers, most of them women and young girls, in Borno state. 63 girls and women managed to escape on July 4.
    (Reuters, 6/24/14)(AP, 7/7/14)
2014        Jun 22, South Korean troops exchanged fire with a runaway soldier who was surrounded in a forest after he killed five comrades near his North Korea border outpost, and brought in his parents to persuade him to surrender.
    (AP, 6/22/14)
2014        Jun 22, Spain’s police said three people have been arrested on suspicion of illegally scanning and then unlawfully publishing books on a large scale. More than 1000 books and 10 computer hard drives full of texts were seized.
    (SFC, 6/23/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 22, Syrian troops backed by fighters from Lebanon's Hezbollah launched an assault to oust rebels from the foothills of the Qalamun mountains north of the capital.
    (AFP, 6/22/14)
2014        Jun 22, Thailand police arrested eight people for demonstrating against the nation's increasingly repressive military junta, including a man who was dragged away by undercover officers for reading a copy of George Orwell's "Nineteen Eighty-Four" outside one of Bangkok's most luxurious shopping malls.
    (AP, 6/22/14)
2014        Jun 22, Ukraine's Pres. Petro Poroshenko agreed to dialogue with separatists not implicated in "murder and torture" as he laid out a peace plan that Russian President Vladimir Putin promised to back as fighting flared between government and pro-Moscow separatist forces.
    (AFP, 6/22/14)(Reuters, 6/22/14)

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