Today in History - June 24

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St. John's feast day.
 (DrEE, 9/28/96, p.1)

843        Jun 24, Vikings destroyed Nantes.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1128        Jun 24, Afonso I of Portugal defeated the army of his mother Theresa.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1298        Jun 24, Rindfleish Persecutions: Jews of Ifhauben, Austria, were massacred.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1322        Jun 24, Jews were expelled from France for a 3rd time.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1314        Jun 24, King Robert I (Robert the Bruce) of Scotland with 6,000 men and 500 horses routed English King Edward II with his army of 20,000 at Bannockburn. Bruce secured Scotland’s independence from England and ruled until his death in 1329. A film "The Bruce" was made in 1995 on a $500,000 budget.
    (AP, 6/24/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bannockburn)(ON, 2/08, p.7)

1340        Jun 24, The English fleet defeated the French fleet at Sluys, off the Flemish coast.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1497        Jun 24, Italian explorer John Cabot (1450-1498?), (aka Giovanni Caboto), on a voyage for England, landed in North America on what is now Newfoundland or the northern Cape Breton Island in Canada. He claimed the new land for King Henry VII. He documented the abundance of fish off the Grand Banks from Cape Cod to Labrador.
    (NH, 5/96, p.59)(WUD, 1994, p.206)(AP, 6/24/97)(HN, 6/24/98)

1509        Jun 24, Henry VIII was crowned king of England.
    (AP, 6/24/97)(HN, 6/24/98)

1519        Jun 24, Lucretia Borgia (39), daughter of Pope Alexander VI, died. In 2004 Sarah Bradford authored “Lucrezia Borgia: Life, Love and Death in Renaissance Italy.”
    (HN, 4/18/98)(WUD, 1994, p.171)(SSFC, 12/19/04, p.E2)

1527        Jun 24, Gustaaf I began Reformation in Sweden, taking RC possessions.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1535        Jun 24, Francis of Waldeck overcame the Anabaptists of Munster. Fanatic leader John of Leyden and others were tortured and executed in Jan 1536.
    (MC, 6/24/02)(PC, 1992, p.179)

1540        Jun 24, Henry VIII divorced his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1542        Jun 24, Juan de la Cruz, [de Yepes], Spanish Carmelite, poet, saint, was born.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1572        Jun 24, Adrianus van Gouda, lay brother, was hanged along with Cornelis van Diedt, Daniell van Arendonck (clergyman), Joannes van Naarden (priest) and Ludovicus Voets (priest).
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1622        Jun 24, The Dutch defeated Macao.
    (HFA, '96, p.32)

1647        Jun 24, Margaret Brent (d.1671), a niece of Lord Baltimore, was ejected from the Maryland Assembly after demanding a place and vote in the body. Brent, acted as attorney for Lord Baltimore, and saved the colony from mutinous soldiers and from a Protestant revolt against the Catholic government.
    (AP, 6/24/97)(www.historyswomen.com/MargaretBrent.htm)

1648        Jun 24, Cossacks slaughtered 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1664        Jun 24, New Jersey, named after the Isle of Jersey, was founded.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1690        Jun 24, King William III's army landed at Carrickfergus, Ireland.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1692        Jun 24, Kingston, Jamaica, was founded.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1771        Jun 24, E.I. Du Pont, chemist, was born.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1784        Jun 24, In a tethered flight from Baltimore, Maryland, Edward Warren (13) became the 1st to fly in a balloon on US soil.
    (NPub, 2002, p.3)

1793        Jun 24, The first republican constitution in France was adopted.
    (AP, 6/24/97)

1807        Jun 24, A grand jury in Richmond, Va., indicted former Vice President Aaron Burr on charges of treason and high misdemeanor. He was later acquitted.
    (AP, 6/24/07)

1812        Jun 24, Napoleon crossed the Nieman River [in Lithuania] and invaded Russia. The French army under Napoleon crossed the Nemunas River near Kaunas. Prior to his march into Russia, Napoleon had taken land from Russia and returned it to Polish control in Warsaw. This assured him safe passage through Poland and Lithuania on his way to Russia.  In 1824 the book “History of the Expedition to Russia, Undertaken by the Emperor Napoleon in the Year 1812” by Count de Segur, a general in Napoleon’s army, was first published. An English translation edited by Gerard Shelley was published in 1928.
    (HN, 6/24/98)(WSJ, 8/25/07, p.P9)(H of L, 1931, p.83-84)

1813        Jun 24, Henry Ward Beecher (1887), American clergyman, was born. “Even a liar tells a hundred truths to one lie; he has to, to make the lie good for anything.”
    (AP, 5/2/97)(HN, 6/24/01)

1821        Jun 24, Battle of Carabobo: Bolivar defeated the royalists outside of Caracas.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1842        Jun 24, Ambrose Bierce (d.1914), American writer, satirist, was born in Meigs County, Ohio. He wrote "The Friend's Delight" and "The Devil's Dictionary."
    (SFEC, 11/8/98, BR p.3)(AP, 6/24/99)(HN, 6/24/99)

1848        Jun 24, Brooks Adams, American historian and son of Charles Francis Adams, was born. He wrote "The Law of Civilization and Decay."
    (HN, 6/24/99)

1859        Jun 24, At the Battle of Solferino, also known as the Battle of the Three Sovereigns, the French army led by Napoleon III defeated the Austrian army under Franz Joseph I in northern Italy. Some 6,000 men died in the battle and thousands of wounded were effectively abandoned as witnessed by Henri Dunant (31), a Swiss businessman seeking Napoleon for a land development proposal. In 1862 Dunant published “A Memory of Solferino” and began a campaign for a volunteer society to aid wounded soldiers.
    (HN, 6/24/99)(ON, 4/08, p.11)

1861        Jun 24, Federal gunboats attacked Confederate batteries at Mathias Point, Virginia.
    (HN, 6/24/98)
1861        Jun 24, Tennessee became the 11th and last state to secede from US.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1862        Jun 24, U.S. intervention saved the British and French at the Dagu forts in China.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1863        Jun 24, Planning an invasion of Pennsylvania, Lee's army crossed the Potomac.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1869        Jun 24, Mary Ellen "Mammy" Pleasant officially became the Voodoo Queen in San Francisco, California.
    (HN, 6/24/99)

1882        Jun 24, Joseph Joachim Raff (60), German opera composer, died.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1883        Jun 24, Victor Francis Hess, physicist, was born.
    (HN, 6/24/01)

1894        Jun 24, Sadi Carnot (b.1837), French Pres. (1887-1894), was assassinated by an Italian anarchist.
    (AH, 10/01, p.25)(NG, 11/04, p.76)(http://tinyurl.com/78pc6)

1895        Jun 24, Jack Dempsey, American boxer, was born. He later became world heavyweight champion with a record of 62-1-0 and 49 knockouts.
    (HN, 6/24/99)

1896        Jun 24, Booker T. Washington became the first African American to receive an honorary MA degree from Howard University.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1898        Jun 24, American troops drove Spanish forces from La Guasimas, Cuba.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1901        Jun 24, Harry Partch, composer, was born.
    (HN, 6/24/01)
1901        Jun 24, The 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso (19) opened in Paris.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1906        Jun 24, Pierre Fournier, cellist (Paris Conservatoire), was born in Paris, France.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1908        Jun 24, The 22nd and 24th president (1893-1897) of the United States, Grover Cleveland, died in Princeton, N.J., at age 71.
    (SFEC, 1/12/97,  Z 3 p.4)(AP, 6/24/97)

1909        Jun 24, Milton Katims, conductor, violist (NBC Orchestra), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1910        Jun 24, The Japanese army invaded Korea.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1912        Jun 24, Norman Cousins (d.1990), editor of the Saturday Review, was born. He wrote "Anatomy of an Illness as Perceived by the Patient."  “History is an accumulation of error.”
    (AP, 4/22/97)(HN, 6/24/99)
1912        Jun 24, The San Francisco Board of Supervisors authorized Library Trustees to erect a library building in the Civic Center using $75,000 tendered for this purpose 11 years earlier by Andrew Carnegie.
    (SSFC, 6/24/12, DB p.42)

1913        Jun 24, Greece and Serbia annulled their alliance with Bulgaria following border disputes over Macedonia and Thrace.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1915        Jun 24, Fred Hoyle, British mathematician and astronomer, was born.
    (HN, 6/24/01)
1915        Jun 24, More than 800 people died when the excursion steamer “Eastland” capsized at Chicago’s Clark Street dock.
    (AP, 6/24/00)

1916        Jun 24, John Ciardi, poet, was born.
    (HN, 6/24/01)

1917        Jun 24, Russian Black Sea fleet mutinied at Sebastopol.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1923        Jun 24, Pope Pius XI spoke against allies occupying Ruhrgebied.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1924        Jun 24, The Democrats began their convention in New York’s Madison Square Garden. They were lured there by newspaper mogul Herbert Bayard Swope’s fundraising offer of $205,000. US Democrats offered Mrs. Lena Jones Springs (d.1942) for vice presidential nomination, the first woman considered for the job, for her party work in South Carolina.
    (HN, 6/27/98)(SFC, 1/31/07, p.G6)
1924        Jun 24, The US political conventions were first broadcast nationally by radio. The democrats settled on John W. Davis after 103 ballots. He was then defeated soundly by Calvin Coolidge.
    (WSJ, 7/22/96, p.A12)(WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A11)
1924        Jul 24, Palmer Cox (b.1840), Canadian artist and writer, died. He wrote and illustrated children’s stories about brownies, little elves from Scottish folklore. 2 dozen of his stories were collected and published in 1887 as “The Brownies: Their Book.” His characters inspired the name for a Kodak camera and for young girl scouts.
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.G2)(http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/biography/cox_p/cox_p.html)

1930        Jun 24, Claude Chabrol, French film director (The Cousins, Madame Bovary), was born.
    (HN, 6/24/01)
1930        Jun 24, The 1st radar detection of planes was made at Anacostia, DC.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1931        Jun 24, The Soviet Union and Afghanistan signed a treaty of neutrality.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1932        Jun 24, A coup ended the absolute monarchy in Thailand.
    (http://countrystudies.us/thailand/19.htm)

1935        Jun 24, Carlos Gardel, Argentine tango singer, died with 17 others, including three of his guitarists, when the propeller plane they were traveling in collided with another on takeoff from Medellin, Colombia, and burst into flames.
    (AP, 6/25/05)

1938        Jun 24, A 500 ton meteorite landed near Pittsburgh.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1940        Jun 24, The Republican Convention, opened in Philadelphia. In 2005 Charles Peters authored “Five Days in Philadelphia.” An account of the convention and how it freed FDR to move against Hitler.
    (WSJ, 7/6/05, p.D10)(http://tinyurl.com/e3xrw)
1940        Jun 24, France signed an armistice with Italy after the axis country attacked a portion of southern France during Germany's blitzkrieg.
    (AP, 6/24/97)(HN, 6/24/99)

1941        Jun 24, President Franklin Roosevelt pledged all possible support to the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 6/24/98)
1941        Jun 24, The entire Jewish male population of Gorzhdy, Lithuania, was exterminated.
    (MC, 6/24/02)
1941        Jun 24, Germans advanced into Russia and took Vilnius, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1942        Jun 24, Mick Fleetwood (musician: drums: group: Fleetwood Mac: Dreams, Don't Stop), was born.
    (MC, 6/24/02)
1942        Jun 24, The German Africa Corps occupied Egypt.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1943        Jun 24, Royal Air Force Bombers hammered Muelheim, Germany in a drive to cripple the Ruhr industrial base.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1946        Jun 24, Mary McLeod Bethune was named director of the Division of Minority Affairs for the National Youth Administration by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The well-known educator thus became the first Black woman ever to head a US government agency.
    (www.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/135bethune/135facts1.htm)
1946        Jun 24, Lt. Col. Ellison S. Onizuka (astronaut: mission specialist aboard ill-fated Space Shuttle Challenger), was born.
    (MC, 6/24/02)
1946        Jun 24, Fred M. Vinson (1890-1953) was sworn in as Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court.
    (www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/legal_entity/85/)

1947        Jun 24, Flying saucers were "sighted" over Mount Rainier by pilot Ken Arnold.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1948        Jun 24, The Republican National Convention, meeting in Philadelphia, nominated New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey for president.
    (AP, 6/24/98)
1948        Jun 24, Communist forces with 30 military divisions cut off all land and water routes between West Germany and West Berlin, prompting the United States to organize the massive Berlin airlift. Gen’l. Lucius Clay, the local American commander, ordered an air supply effort.
    (AP, 6/24/97)(SFC, 5/12/98, p.A12)

1949        Jun 24, "Hopalong Cassidy" became the 1st network western (NBC). William Boyd (1895-1972) played Hopalong Cassidy on a radio program. He bought the rights to the Cassidy movies and edited them for TV. They proved popular and he made an additional 52 new episodes for TV [see Nov 28, 1948].
    (SFC, 1/21/98, Z1 p.3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hopalong_Cassidy)

1950        Jun 24, In Brazil the Maracana stadium in Rio was officially inaugurated for the opening of soccer’s World Cup, the first in 12 years due to WW II.
    (www.soccerhall.org/history/WorldCup_1950.htm)

1951        Jun 24, Persian army took over nationalized oil installations.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1952        Jun 24, Eddie Arcaro set a thoroughbred racing record for American jockeys by winning his 3,000th horse race.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1953        Jun 24, John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier announced their engagement.
    (HN, 6/24/98)
1953        Jun 24, The 6th annual World Trade Fair opened in San Francisco at the Palace Hotel with products imported from 21 nations.
    (SFC, 6/20/03, p.E2)

1955        Jun 24, Soviet MIG’s down a lightly armed US Navy patrol plane over the Bering Strait. Russia’s foreign minister V.M. Molotov expressed his country’s regrets the next day.
    (HN, 6/24/98)(SFC, 6/24/05, p.F7)

1957        Jun 24, "I Love Lucy," last aired on CBS-TV. [see May 6]
    (MC, 6/24/02)
1957        Jun 24, A 37-kiloton nuclear fission bomb, code-named Priscilla, was exploded in the Nevada desert at Frenchman Flat. The security of a bank vault was tested in the experiment. At this time the US was manufacturing 10 nuclear bombs a day.
    (SSFC, 8/22/04, p.E1)

1958        Jun 24, Victor M. Gerena, security guard who robbed $7 million (FBI wanted), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1961        Jun 24, Iraq demanded dominion over Kuwait.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1963        Jun 24, 1st demonstration of home video recorder was at the BBC Studios in London.
    (MC, 6/24/02)
1963        Jun 24, Levi Eshkol formed an Israeli government.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1964        Jun 24, The Federal Trade Commission announced that starting in 1965, cigarette manufactures will be required to include warnings on their packaging about the harmful effects of smoking.
    (HN, 6/24/98)

1966        Jun 24, The period of relative peace following WW II exceeded that following WW I.
    (MC, 6/24/02)

1967        Jun 24, Pope Paul VI published his encyclical Sacerdotalis Caelibatus (priestly celibacy).
    (http://tinyurl.com/n5pq3)

1968        Jun 24, "Resurrection City," a shantytown constructed as part of the Poor People's March on Washington, D.C., was closed by authorities.
    (AP, 6/24/97)

1970        Jun 24, The film "Catch-22," directed by Mike Nichols, opened. It was based on the novel by Joseph Heller.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, DB p.44)(www.imdb.com/title/tt0065528/)
1970        Jun 24, The US Senate voted overwhelmingly to repeal the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. With fresh evidence later available, claims that the Tonkin Gulf incident was deliberately provoked gained new plausibility.
    (HN, 6/24/98)(http://tinyurl.com/4x8keb)

1972        Jun 24, The song "I Am Woman," by Helen Reddy, was released by Capitol Records.
    (http://440.com/twtd/archives/jun24.html)

1975        Jun 24, In New York 113 people were killed when an Eastern Airlines Boeing 727 crashed while attempting to land during a thunderstorm at John F. Kennedy International Airport. The crash was later attributed to a microburst, not experienced at the control tower because of a sea breeze front.
    (AP, 6/24/97)(SFC, 6/24/09, p.D8)

1977        Jun 24, The IRS revealed that Pres. Jimmy Carter paid no taxes in 1976.
    (www.kipnotes.com/James%20E.%20Carter.htm)

1978        Jun 24, There was a coup in North Yemen. Pres. Ahmad Hussein al-Ghashmi was murdered and replaced by Lt.-Col. Ali Abdullah Saleh. Saleh was elected president of North Yemen and began his 2-decade hold on the office. His power was strong in the cities but in the countryside Sheik Abdulla al-Ahmar held power.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)(WSJ, 3/28/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 1/02/00, p.A1)

1979        Jun 24, Brenda Lynn Judd and Sandra Colley were kidnapped in Reno, Nevada, by Gerald Gallego (b.1946) and Charlene Williams. The bodies of Judd (14) and Colley (13) were found in Dec 1999 in Lassen Ct., Ca. Gallego died in 2002 at age 56.
    (www.francesfarmersrevenge.com/stuff/serialkillers/gallego.htm)(SFC,10/28/97, p.A17)(SFC, 12/4/99, p.A3)(SFC, 7/20/02, p.A15)

1981        Jun 24, In England the Humber Bridge, the longest single-span suspension bridge in the world, opened to traffic over Humber (the estuary formed by the rivers Trent and Ouse).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humber_Bridge)

1982        Jun 24, Pres. Reagan dismissed Gen. Alexander Haig (1924-2010) from his position as Sec. of State.
    (SSFC, 2/21/10, p.A9)
1982        Jun 24, The US Supreme Court ruled that the president cannot be sued for actions while in office.
    (http://supreme.justia.com/us/457/731/)

1983        Jun 24, The US Supreme Court ruled that Congress cannot veto presidential decisions.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3db2gl)
1983        Jun 24, The space shuttle "Challenger," carrying America's first woman in space, Sally K. Ride, coasted to a safe landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
    (AP, 6/24/03)(http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/sts-7/mission-sts-7.html)

1984        Jun 24, In San Francisco the 12th annual Lesbian/Gay Freedom Parade drew an estimated 300,000 observers and participants.
    (SSFC, 6/21/09, DB p.50)

1985        Jun 24, A federal judge in New York found former Wall Street Journal reporter R. Foster Winans guilty of illegally using his position at the paper in a get-rich-quick insider-trading scheme. Winans served eight years in federal prison.
    (AP, 6/24/05)

1987        Jun 24, Jackie Gleason (b.1916), comedian-actor (The Hustler) died of cancer at his home in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.
    (AP 6/24/97)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0001276/)

1988        Jun 24, Pope John Paul II, on a visit to Austria, condemned Nazism during a stopover at the Mauthausen death camp.
    (AP, 6/24/98)

1989        Jun 24, In China Communist Party general secretary Zhao Ziyang (1920-2005) was ousted for allegedly supporting the protests and put under house arrest. Jiang Zemin became the third hand-picked successor to Deng Xiaoping. Deng resigned from his last official post.
    (AP, 6/24/99)(SFC, 1/17/05, p.B4)

1990        Jun 24, Health and Human Services Secretary Louis Sullivan was virtually drowned out by jeering demonstrators as he addressed the Sixth International AIDS conference in San Francisco.
    (AP, 6/24/00)
1990        Jun 24, South African black nationalist Nelson Mandela arrived in Washington.
    (AP, 6/24/00)

1991        Jun 24, The US Supreme Court ruled the First Amendment did not shield news organizations from being sued when they publish the names of sources who had been promised confidentiality.
    (AP, 6/24/01)
1991        Jun 24, Croatia and Slovenia voted to declare independence unless some new agreement was reached among the Yugoslav republics.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)
1991        Jun 24, Rufino Tamayo (b.1899), a Zapotecan Indian artist born in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, died in Mexico City. His painting “Tres Personajes,” sold in 1977 to a Houston couple for $55,000, was stolen in 1987. In 2003 it was found amongst street trash on Manhattan’s Upper West Side.
    (SFC, 10/24/07, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rufino_Tamayo)

1992        Jun 24, The US Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, strengthened its 30-year ban on officially sponsored worship in public schools, prohibiting prayer as a part of graduation ceremonies.
    (AP, 6/24/97)

1993        Jun 24, Eight Muslim fundamentalists were arrested in New York, accused of plotting a day of bombings of the United Nations, a federal building and the Holland and Lincoln tunnels. They and two others were later convicted of seditious conspiracy
    (AP, 6/24/03)
1993        Jun 24, Yale University computer expert David Gelernter was injured in his office by a bomb sent from Sacramento by Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.5)(AP, 6/24/98)
1993        Jun 24, In Texas Jennifer Ertman (14) and Elizabeth Pena (16) were confronted by six teenage members of a loose-knit "Black and White" gang who savagely raped, tortured, and beat them to death. Police soon arrested Jose Ernesto Medellin, who gave a written confession but was not told that he could request assistance from the Mexican consulate. Five of the six defendants received death sentences at trial. Medellin was sentenced to death in 1994, but the World court in 2004 ruled that his conviction, and that of 50 other Mexicans in the US, violated the 1963 Vienna Convention. In 2007 his case went before the US Supreme Court. In 2010 Peter Anthony Cantu was executed for his role in the rapes and murders.
    (www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7051821)(SFC, 10/11/07, p.A7)(SFC, 8/18/10, p.A4)

1994        Jun 24, President Clinton struck out at his conservative critics and the media, complaining in a speech in St. Louis that unfair and negative reports about him were feeding a cynical mindset in America.
    (AP, 6/24/99)
1994        Jun 24, The EU and Russia signed a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA). It went into force on Dec 1, 1997.
    (www.eu-russiacentre.org/assets/files/Arbatova_article.pdf)

1995        Jun 24, The New Jersey Devils won the Stanley Cup as they completed a sweep of the Detroit Red Wings.
    (AP, 6/24/00)
1995        Jun 24, In his weekly radio address, President Clinton blamed the failed nomination of Dr. Henry Foster to be surgeon general on right-wing extremists who, he said, would “stop at nothing” to outlaw abortion.
    (AP, 6/24/00)
1995        Jun 24, Nelson Mandela, wearing a Springbok rugby shirt and baseball cap, presented the William Webb Ellis Cup to South African captain Francois Pienaar following the Springbok win over New Zealand in the Rugby World Cup. This was the first Rugby World Cup in which every match was held in one country. In 2008 John Carlin authored ”Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_Rugby_World_Cup)(Econ, 9/13/08, p.92)

1996        Jun 24, A jury in Philadelphia awarded $1.5 mil to the survivors of the MOVE cult members for the May 13, 1985, fire that killed 11 people and was begun from a bomb dropped by police on their rooftop.
    (USAT, 6/25/96, p.3A)(AP, 6/24/97)
1996        Jun 24, The US Post Office issued its James Dean stamp for its “Legends of Hollywood” series.
    (USAT, 6/25/96, p.1D)
1996        Jun 24, In Israel Netanyahu’s government approved another Jewish neighborhood in East Jerusalem.
    (SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 24, In Panama a coalition of human rights groups called for early elections saying that the president and his party have lost authority to rule. Attorney General Jose Antonio Sossa said that the law for punishing individuals who accept drug money in political campaigns was not yet in effect when drug money went to Pres. Balladares.
    (SFC, 6/25/96, p.A10)

1997        Jun 24, In Freehold, N.J., 18-year-old Melissa Drexler, who gave birth during her prom, was charged with murder in the death of her baby. In 1998 she was sentenced to 15 years in prison in a plea bargain with parole possible in less than 3 years. Drexler later pleaded guilty to aggravated manslaughter, and served three years in prison.
    (SFC, 10/30/98, p.A3)(AP, 6/24/07)
1997        Jun 24, The Air Force released a report on the so-called "Roswell Incident," suggesting the alien bodies witnesses reported seeing in 1947 were actually life-sized dummies.
1997        Jun 24, Actor Brian Keith (75) committed suicide in his Malibu, Calif., home.
    (www.franksreelreviews.com/shorttakes/briankeith/briankeith.htm)
1997        Jun 24, A federal judge in Miami gave 40,000 Nicaraguans and other immigrants a 7-month reprieve from deportation.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A3)
1997        Jun 24, It was reported that a man from Rio Vista, Ca., was doing a good business selling the moon’s real estate. Dennis Hope was charging $15.99 for 1,777 acres of lunar land plus tax and shipping.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A15)
1997        Jun 24, It was reported that the defective gene that makes leptin, a hormone that helps in the body’s weight-control system, caused obesity. A 2nd gene was also identified as a weight-control agent.
    (SFC, 6/24/97, p.A9)
1997        Jun 24, In Ireland David Trimble of the main Protestant party said he would accept an Anglo-Irish recommendation to set up an int’l. commission to oversee the gradual disarmament of the IRA and pro-British paramilitary gangs as wider negotiations progress.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A8)
1997        Jun 24, In Israel Prime Minister Netanyahu survived a no-confidence vote in parliament through some last minute deals.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A8)
1997        Jun 24, At the UN Pres. Abdul Gayoom of the Republic of the Maldives said that the survival of the island nation was dependent on halting the process of global warming. The 42-member Alliance of Small Island States called on the industrial nations to cut emissions 20% from 1990 levels by the year 2010.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A2)

1998        Jun 24, The Clinton administration claimed that Syria had an active chemical weapons program and had armed missiles with the nerve gas sarin.
    (SFC, 6/25/98, p.A9)
1998        Jun 24, President Clinton left on a nine-day visit to China amid a swirl of controversy over his policy toward the Beijing government.
    (WSJ, 6/25/98, p.A1)(AP, 6/24/99)
1998        Jun 24, AT&T Corp. struck a deal to buy cable television giant Tele-Communications Inc. for $31.7 billion dollars. Combined sales were estimated to be $60 billion.
    (SFC, 6/24/98, p.A1)(AP, 6/24/99)
1998        Jun 24, In China Wang Youcai and other dissidents announced plans to form the China Democracy Party and applied to officials in Zhejiang province for permission to set up a local committee. The attempt was crushed six months later with leading organizers sentenced to up to 13 years in prison. Wu Yilong, a student in the master's program in literature at Zhejiang University, was one of dozens of dissidents detained after attempting to register the China Democracy Party. Wu Yilong (43) was released on Sep 13, 2010.
    (SFC, 2/05/04, p.A3)(AP, 9/15/10)
1998        Jun 24, In Colombia rebels seized Ed Leonard of the Terramundo Drilling Co. of Canada. They asked for a ransom of $2 million from the Grey Star Resources Co., which had hired Terramundo for exploratory work.
    (SFC, 11/7/98, p.C1)
1998        Jun 24, In Hungary the Young Democrats Party and the Smallholders Party agreed to form the next government.
    (SFC, 6/25/98, p.A12)
1998        Jun 24, In Northern Ireland a car bomb exploded in Newtownhamilton and injured a 13-year-old boy. The INLA claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A12)
1998        Jun 24, In Puerto Rico Gov. Pedro Rossello signed a law that completed the $1.9 billion sale of Telefonica to a US consortium led by GTE.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A2)
1998        Jun 24, In Togo thousands protested the declared victory of Pres. Gngassigbe Eyadema, who had ruled over the last 31 years. EU observers declared that the electoral process was flawed.
    (SFC, 6/25/98, p.A12)
1998        Jun 24, In Turkey the constitutional court ruled that adultery was no longer a crime for women. Adultery, legal for men for a long time, had been punishable for women with up to 3 years in prison.
    (SFC, 6/25/98, p.A11)

1999        Jun 24, The US offered a $5 million reward for help in the arrest of Pres. Milosevic. US plans to oust Pres. Milosevic included the encouragement for a coup; financial support for the opposition; covert action; a freeze on assets; propaganda; and reconstruction aid for the area excluding Serbia.
    (WSJ, 6/25/99, p.A1)(SFEC, 6/27/99, p.A17,19)
1999        Jun 24, Union organizers claimed victory after workers at six Fieldcrest Cannon mills in North Carolina voted to be represented by the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees.
    (AP, 6/24/00)
1999        Jun 24, Testimony wound to an end after 76 days in the landmark Microsoft antitrust trial.
    (AP, 6/24/00)
1999        Jun 24, The World Bank approved a plan to relocate 58,000 poor Chinese farmers to land historically farmed by Tibet. However work on the $40 million project was delayed pending a review panel.
    (SFC, 6/25/99, p.A14)(WSJ, 6/25/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 24, Israel bombed Lebanon in retaliation for Katyusha rocked attacks on northern Israel that killed 2 Israelis. Israeli bombing blacked out Beirut, killed 9 Lebanese and wounded as many as 57 people.
    (SFC, 6/25/99, p.A10)(SFC, 6/26/99, p.A10)

2000        Jun 24, Revising an earlier plan, President Clinton proposed using $58 billion from the growing budget surplus to help senior citizens pay for prescription drugs in 2002.
    (AP, 6/24/01)
2000        Jun 24, Vera Atkins (b.1908), British intelligence officer during WW II, died in Sussex, England. In 2005 Sarah Helm authored “A Life in Secrets: The Story of Vera Atkins and the Lost Agents of SOE.”
    (Econ, 3/17/07, p.90)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vera_Atkins)
2000        Jun 24, A red tide of algal bloom over 2,700 square miles was reported over the East China Sea. China’s environmental protection agency blamed pollutants and weather conditions.
    (SFC, 6/24/00, p.A24)
2000        Jun 24, Israeli police fired across the Lebanese border at the Fatima gate at Kfar Kila. 3 Jordanian civilians were wounded.
    (SFC, 6/25/00, p.A6)
2000        Jun 24, After months of political violence, elections began in Zimbabwe.
    (SFC, 6/24/00, p.A1)(AP, 6/24/01)

2001        Jun 24, Karrie Webb won the LPGA Championship by two strokes to become the youngest woman to complete the Grand Slam.
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2001        Jun 24, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon arrived in the United States for talks with President George W. Bush.
    (AP, 6/24/02)
2001        Jun 24, Albania parliamentary elections were marred by violent incidents. The ruling Socialists claimed victory. The Socialists won 41.5 percent and 73 seats, while the Democrats had 36.8 percent and 46 seats.
    (WSJ, 6/25/01, p.A1)(AP, 7/3/05)
2001        Jun 24, In the West Bank town of Nablus Osama Jawabri (29), a Palestinian activist, was killed by a bomb planted in a public phone.
    (SFC, 6/25/01, p.A8)
2001        Jun 24, In Legazpi, Philippines, the Mayon volcano erupted and at least 7,000 villagers fled their homes.
    (SFC, 6/25/01, p.A9)

2002        Jun 24, Pres. Bush outlined his blueprint for peace in the Middle East. His statement included a call on Palestinians to replace Yasser Arafat with leaders "not compromised by terror" and adopt democratic reforms that could produce an independent state within three years.
    (SFC, 6/25/02, p.A1)(AP, 6/24/03)
2002        Jun 24, The Supreme Court overturned the death sentences of at least 150 convicted killers, ruling 7-2 that juries and not judges must make such life-or-death decisions.
    (AP, 6/24/02)(WSJ, 6/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Jun 24, Alfred Moisiu, a 72-year-old retired general and former defense minister, was elected president of Albania by a comfortable majority in parliament. He was the only candidate.
    (AP, 6/24/02)
2002        Jun 24, In Brazil gunmen with assault rifles and machine guns opened fire on city hall in Rio de Janeiro, an attack the mayor said was a response to a government crackdown on organized crime. No one was hurt.
    (AP, 6/24/02)
2002        Jun 24, In Ecuador Finance Minister Carlos Julio Emanuel resigned amid allegations of corruption within the ministry.
    (AP, 6/24/02)     
2002        Jun 24, In Germany 2 people were killed and two others seriously injured in a drive-by shooting in downtown Dortmund.
    (AP, 6/24/02)
2002        Jun 24, Israeli forces killed six Palestinians in a helicopter missile strike on a car carrying Islamic militants in the Gaza Strip on Monday and surrounded Yasser Arafat in his headquarters in the West Bank.
    (AP, 6/24/02)
2002        Jun 24, Pierre Werner (88), Luxembourg Prime Minister from 1959-1974 and 1979-1984, died. He was hailed as the “father of the euro” for his 1970 plan for a common European currency.
    (SFC, 6/25/02, p.A20)
2002        Jun 24, In central Tanzania a passenger train rolled backward into an oncoming freight train, killing at least 288 people.
    (AP, 6/24/02)(AP, 6/25/02)(AP, 6/28/03)

2003          Jun 24, Pres. Bush met with Pakistan's Pres. Musharraf and promised a $3 billion aid package that did no included F-16s.
    (WSJ, 6/25/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 24, The WHO lifted its warning against travel to Beijing due to SARS.
    (SFC, 6/25/03, p.A7)
2003        Jun 24, In central Colombia the bullet-riddled bodies of industrialist Helmut Bickenbach (68) and his wife Doris Gil (65), Miss Columbia (1957), were found by an army patrol lying in a ditch, with their hands bound. They had been kidnapped 6 months earlier.
    (AP, 6/25/03)
2003        Jun 24, Finland's parliament elected Matti Vanhanen as PM.
    (SFC, 6/25/03, p.A3)
2003        Jun 24, An Air France Concorde bound for a German museum landed in Germany.
    (AP, 6/23/04)
2003        Jun 24, In Majar al-Kabir, Iraq, British troops in the Shiite south killed 4 Iraqis in a gunbattle. In response a 400-strong Iraqi mob descended on the police station and murdered 6 British troops. 8 suspects were later detained. One was released in 2009 and cases against 5 were dropped in 2010. Two suspects were held for trial. On Oct 10, 2010, a Baghdad court cleared two Iraqi men accused of taking part in the mob slaying.
    (WSJ, 6/25/03, p.A1)(BS, 6/26/03, 12A)(AP, 8/15/10)(AP, 10/10/10)
2003        Jun 24, Israel arrested more than 130 Palestinians in the West Bank city of Hebron, targeting Hamas as the Palestinian government awaited word on whether the Islamic militant group would agree to a cease-fire.
    (AP, 6/24/03)
2003        Jun 24, Pres. Vladimir Putin flew to London to be feted as the guest of Queen Elizabeth II in the first state visit by a Russian leader to Britain since Czar Alexander II in 1874.
    (AP, 6/24/03)

2004        Jun 24, Federal investigators questioned President Bush for more than an hour in connection with the news leak of a CIA operative's name.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2004        Jun 24, A federal appeals court struck down a Federal Communications Commission effort to make sweeping changes in media ownership rules.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2004        Jun 24, The US Census Bureau reported that San Antonio had eclipsed Dallas as the nation's 8th-largest city.
    (AP, 6/23/04)
2004        Jun 24, Carl Rakosi (100), American poet, died in SF.
    (SFC, 7/2/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 24, In eastern Afghanistan 2 U.S. Marines were killed and another was wounded in an attack at Kunar province.
    (AP, 6/25/04)
2004        Jun 24, George Bacchus (51), a Guyana cattle farmer who prompted an inquiry into an alleged government hit squad, was assassinated.
    (AP, 6/24/04)
2004        Jun 24, In India a bomb exploded in a crowded bus, killing at least five people and critically wounding 17 in the northeastern state of Assam.
    (AP, 6/24/04)
2004        Jun 24, In southern Iran a tanker truck carrying gasoline crashed into packed buses and erupted in flames, killing 71 people. 108 people were injured, many suffering severe burns.
    (AP, 6/25/04)
2004        Jun 24, Western advisers completed their handover Iraq’s remaining government ministries. The final 11 of 25 were handed over 6 days before the official end of coalition occupation.
    (SFC, 6/25/04, p.A13)
2004        Jun 24, Insurgents launched coordinated attacks against police and government buildings across Iraq. The strikes killed over 105 people, including three American soldiers. In Mosul alone 4 car bombs killed 62 people.
    (AP, 6/24/04)(SFC, 6/25/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 24, Israeli troops posted near a Gaza Strip settlement killed two Palestinians wearing bulletproof vests and armed with submachine guns, ammunition clips and grenades.
    (AP, 6/24/04)
2004        Jun 24, In Russia Yukos named Steven Theede, an American oil industry veteran, as chief executive. Yukos faced a $3.41 billion bill for back taxes.
    (WSJ, 6/25/04, p.B2)
2004        Jun 24, In Istanbul, Turkey, bombs shattered a bus and exploded outside a hotel where President Bush is to stay this weekend, back-to-back attacks that killed four people and wounded 17.
    (AP, 6/25/04)

2005        Jun 24, Despite growing anxiety about the war in Iraq, President Bush refused to set a timetable for bringing home U.S. troops and declared, "I'm not giving up on the mission. We're doing the right thing."
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2005        Jun 24, US Agriculture officials said a 2nd case of mad cow disease was confirmed in a cow from Texas. This case of the disease, as well as one from Alabama in 2006, was later reported as atypical.
    (SFC, 6/25/05, p.A3)(SFC, 6/12/06, p.A6)
2005        Jun 24, Crude oil, at close to $60 a barrel, caused widespread selling on global equity markets, as shares in transport and automobile companies fell sharply.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, In Yuma, Arizona, 6 people, including 4 children, were killed. Police said a man was seen running from the scene and had not been apprehended.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 24, In New Jersey 3 boys were found dead in the trunk of a car following a massive, two-day search. They had died from accidental suffocation.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, Paul Winchell (b.1922), ventriloquist, inventor and children's TV show host best known for creating the lispy voice of Winnie the Pooh's animated friend Tigger, died in LA, Ca.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 24, In Afghanistan 4 days of fighting left 114 people dead, including 102 insurgents.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, A flash flood hit Britain's famous Glastonbury rock festival and left some 120,000 people trying to dry out after parts of the site soaked under neck-deep water.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, Statistics Canada said that if you divided the national net worth by the population each Canadian would have a share equal to $134,400.
    (CP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, China’s government said flooding and mudslides have killed at least 567 people across the country in the past two weeks, with more heavy rain forecast in the southern province whose factories are the heart of the country's booming export industries.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, Ecuador inmates stepped up a protest for improved conditions. Some prisoners were voluntarily hung from crosses and others using their blood to scrawl out demands.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, India refused permission for Pakistan's information minister, who once sheltered anti-Indian Kashmiri separatists, to visit its part of Kashmir on a new "peace bus".
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Iranians packed polling stations in a tight presidential race. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (49), the hardline Tehran mayor, won Iran’s presidency in a landslide election victory that cements conservative control over the nation's political leadership.
    (AP, 6/24/05)(AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, Three separate roadside bombs exploded near US military convoys and a police patrol. Iraqi security forces discovered the bodies of eight beheaded men in 2 villages north of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, An Italian official said a judge has ordered the arrest of 13 CIA agents for allegedly helping deport an imam to Egypt as part of U.S. anti-terrorism efforts. The agents are suspected in the seizure of an Egyptian-born imam identified as Abu Omar on the streets of Milan in February 2003.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, In Jordan Saddam Hussein's daughter said his family will publish next week a novel written by the ousted Iraqi leader before the U.S.-led war.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, In India's portion of Kashmir Islamic militants triggered a car bomb by remote control as an army convoy drove past a popular park, killing 9 soldiers and wounding 22 other people.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, In Indonesia 15 convicted gamblers were flogged for illegal gaming, the first time caning was used as punishment in the world's most populous Muslim country.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Malaysia's ruling UMNO party suspended cabinet minister Isa Samad for six years for corruption.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, In Northern Ireland veteran negotiator Reg Empey was elected leader of the Ulster Unionists, a once-dominant Protestant party that has seen its support crumble because it backed Northern Ireland's 1998 peace pact.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, A Norwegian court sentenced the pilot of a British Airways jet to six months in prison for preparing to fly even though members of his crew were drunk.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Palestinian gunmen opened fire on a group of hitchhikers and killed one, the third Israeli slaying in a flare-up of violence that threatens a truce reached in February.
    (AP, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Russia, whose last border guard left the Tajik-Afghan border last week, said Afghanistan's heroin output was growing at breakneck speed and presented a threat to the world community.
    (Reuters, 6/24/05)
2005        Jun 24, Thailand police reported that attackers in Yala province had slashed the necks of a couple, almost severing their heads in the latest killings attributed to Islamic separatists.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 24, The UN Security Council approved the transfer of $200 million in oil-for-food revenue to the Development Fund for Iraq and said an additional $20 million can be used to pay Iraq's past UN dues.
    (AP, 6/24/05)

2006        Jun 24, Patsy Ramsey (49), who was thrust into the national spotlight by the unsolved slaying of her daughter JonBenet, died in Roswell, Ga.
    (AP, 6/24/07)
2006        Jun 24, Coalition and Afghan forces killed about 45 Taliban militants during the fighting in the Panjwayi district of southern Kandahar province. 2 coalition soldiers died from wounds.
    (AP, 6/25/06)
2006        Jun 24, Algeria’s state news reported that Algeria had agreed with Canada for early repayment of its debt totaling some $255 million, the eighth such accord with creditor countries since mid-May. Algeria has signed accords covering 3.25 billion of an estimated $8 billion. Apart from Canada, they cover France (1.6 billion), Portugal (20 million), the Netherlands (45 million), Belgium (225 million), Denmark (54.3 million), Austria (396 million) and Spain (690 million). Agreements would be concluded this week with Sweden, for $11 million, and Finland for 15 million. The main creditors still outstanding include Italy, which is owed $1.7 billion, and the United States, 1.2 billion.
    (AFP, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 24, Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva announced his bid for a second term, pledging to push harder to eradicate poverty in Latin America's largest country if re-elected.
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 24, In Haiti Ed Hughes (72), a Canadian missionary, was released after kidnappers received a ransom raised by his friends and colleagues.
    (AP, 6/26/06)
2006        Jun 24, Israeli troops briefly entered the Gaza Strip before dawn and arrested two Hamas militants, one of their first incursions into the Palestinian-controlled area since last summer's withdrawal.
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 24, Iraqi agencies reported that at least 50,000 Iraqis had died since the 2003 US-led invasion, 20,000 higher than previously acknowledged by the Bush administration. A roadside bomb struck a police patrol near the al-Sadiq University for Islamic Studies in a predominantly Shiite area in northern Baghdad, killing 2 policemen and wounding 3 others. Police found an unidentified body of a man who had been handcuffed, bound by the legs and shot to death in Baghdad. A roadside bomb aimed at a patrol of police commandos missed its target but killed a civilian and wounded 4 others in western Baghdad. In Kirkuk, a roadside bomb killed the local chief of intelligence, Maj. Gen. Mussa Hatam, along with two of his guards.  A US soldier was killed by a bomb during a foot patrol south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/24/06)(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.A18)
2006        Jun 24, Transparency International, a global anti-corruption group, fired Mwalimu Mati, the executive director of its Kenya chapter, accusing him of misusing at least $26,800 through double billing and other financial improprieties.
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 24, Philippines’ President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed a law abolishing the death penalty, giving final approval to a measure that divided many Filipinos.
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 24, Saudi Arabia’s Interior Ministry said security forces had arrested 42 suspected terrorists, including four foreign nationals, allegedly involved in earlier attacks across the kingdom. 27 of the detainees, including an Ethiopian and two Somalis, were rounded up May 9-23 in Riyadh, Mecca, the Eastern Region province and the Hafer al-Baten province that borders Iraq. An Iraqi and three Saudis were detained in a June 17 raid on a desert camp in Hafer al-Baten. Another nine, all Saudis, also were captured at a desert hideout in Hafer al-Baten. Two more suspected were arrested after the June 23 raid.
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 24, In Somalia Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys, a fundamentalist Muslim, who the US suspects of collaborating with al-Qaida terrorists, was named as the new leader of an Islamic militia that has seized control of Mogadishu. Aweys was aided by fighters loosely linked to the Shabab, the armed wing of Islamic Courts Union.
    (AP, 6/24/06)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.44)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.58)
2006        Jun 24, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers extended a deadline for EU truce monitors to withdraw from the island, while the army accused the rebels of shooting dead 2 soldiers in the northwest.
    (Reuters, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 24, In Timor-Leste thousands of protesters demanded the ouster of PM Mari Alkatiri, blaming him for provoking violence and political chaos.
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 24, Vietnam's president, prime minister and chief of parliament all submitted their resignations, bowing out in a long-awaited internal shuffle to make way for a new generation of leaders.
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 24, Yemen's president Ali Abdullah Saleh, a US ally in the war on terrorism, said he would run for re-election this year despite earlier assurances that he would step down after 28 years in power.
    (AP, 6/24/06)

2007        Jun 24, Charles W. Lindberg (86), one of the U.S. Marines who raised the first American flag over Iwo Jima during World War II, died in Edina, Minn.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2007        Jun 24, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb hit a convoy of British troops, wounding one soldier and prompting them to open fire in a civilian area in insurgency-plagued Helmand province, killing one man.
    (AP, 6/24/07)
2007        Jun 24, Argentines in Buenos Aires voted for a new mayor. Pre-election polls suggested most would swing right and elect Mauricio Macri (48), the president of Argentina's most popular soccer team.
    (AP, 6/24/07)
2007        Jun 24, Treasury chief Gordon Brown, three days before taking over from Tony Blair as premier, replaced Blair as leader of Britain's Labor Party and vowed that the country's foreign policy will recognize that defeating terrorism "involves more than military force."
    (AP, 6/24/07)
2007        Jun 24, The Iraqi High Tribunal sentenced Ali Hassan al-Majid, known as "Chemical Ali," and two others to death for their roles in the bloody offensive said to have killed some 180,000 people during the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war. Two others sentenced to hang for anti-Kurdish atrocities were former defense minister Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Tai and Hussein Rashid Mohammed, a former deputy director of operations for the Iraqi armed forces. Two Sunni blocs in the Iraqi parliament, holding 55 seats, began a boycott of the 275-seat house, demanding reinstatement of the Sunni speaker, Mahmoud al-Mashhadani. Journalist Zeena Shakir Mahmoud (35) was shot to death on her way home from work in Mosul, the second female journalist to be killed there this month.
    (AP, 6/24/07)(AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 24, The Israeli Cabinet approved the release of frozen tax funds to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, in a step to bolster the moderate leader in his standoff against the Islamic militant group Hamas.
    (AP, 6/24/07)
2007        Jun 24, In Indian Kashmir 3 suspected Muslim rebels were shot dead trying to cross from the Pakistan side of the divided state. The region's main guerrilla group vowed to continue attacks and shun peace talks. A landmine attack by rebels on an Indian police convoy wounded 10 on the outskirts of Srinagar.
    (AFP, 6/24/07)
2007        Jun 24, Lebanese troops raided an apartment complex suspected of housing Islamic militants in the northern port city of Tripoli, sparking a gunbattle that left 10 people dead, including a soldier and 6 gunmen. A bombing killed 6 members of Spanish UN peacekeepers, including 3 Colombians, and seriously wounded two others.
    (AP, 6/24/07)(AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 24, A news report said South Korea has extracted gas hydrate, an alternative fuel source Seoul hopes might help reduce its heavy dependence on oil imports, in its eastern territorial waters.
    (AP, 6/24/07)

2008        Jun 24, In NYC David Fisher, an Italian architect, said he is poised to start construction on a new skyscraper in Dubai that will be "the world's first building in motion," an 80-story tower with revolving floors that give it an ever-shifting shape.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, In NYC Robert Williams (31) was convicted of attempted murder, rape, kidnapping, arson and other charges in an attack of a Columbia University graduate student, which was so prolonged and agonizing that Ann Prunty begged her tormentor to kill her and later tried to kill herself.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, In North Carolina a federal grand jury indicted 26 suspected members of the MS-13 int’l. gang on charges that included racketeering and drug trafficking.
    (SFC, 6/25/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 24, In Florida Gov. Charlie Crist and officials of US Sugar announced a plan for the state to buy US Sugar for $1.7 billion. The company, founded by Charles Stewart Mott, would be allowed to operate for 6 more years before returning 187,000 acres of the Everglades to its natural state. In November the plan was revised to pay $1.34 billion for 181,000 acres. In 2009 the plan was again scaled back to cover 72,500 acres fro $533 million with a 10-year option to buy the remaining land.
    (SFC, 6/25/08, p.A2)(WSJ, 6/25/08, p.B1)(WSJ, 11/12/08, p.A2)(WSJ, 4/2/09, p.A4)
2008        Jun 24, In Iowa a railroad bridge collapsed into the flooded Iowa River near Columbus Junction, dropping a locomotive and its engineer into the water.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, Leonid Hurwicz, Nobel Prize co-winner in economics (2007), died in Minnesota.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 24, In eastern Afghanistan coalition warplanes swooped down on militants withdrawing from a firefight with police into the mountains, killing 15 of them. Militants torched a convoy carrying military supplies just south of the capital near Saydabad. 2 NATO soldiers died when a mine blast hit a patrol in Khogyani, a district of the eastern province of Nangarhar. A British soldier serving with a separate NATO security force was killed in a bomb blast in Helmand province.
    (AP, 6/24/08)(AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, A Japanese warship steamed into a Chinese port, the first such visit since World War Two, in a military exchange aimed at putting relations between the former bitter enemies on a firmer footing.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, Cuba's Roman Catholic Church protested the communist government's growing support of gay rights, including a daylong event raising awareness against homophobia and a law allowing sex-change operations.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, A lawyer said prison guards at an Egyptian jail near the Mediterranean city of Alexandria beat up 17 inmates to force them to end a hunger strike. An Egyptian security official denied a beating had taken place.
    (AFP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 24, The EU named Iran's largest commercial bank, the chief of the Revolutionary Guards and the head of the country's nuclear program as the targets of new sanctions imposed over Tehran's nuclear defiance as part of an updated blacklist of nuclear experts and companies in Iran being targeted under new sanctions.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, Countries at a one-day conference in Berlin agreed to commit more than $240 million to help strengthen the Palestinian Authority's police force and court system. The funding being sought was for the Palestinian Authority-controlled West Bank, which does not control the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, In Indonesia about 1,000 Indonesian protesters angered by a student demonstrator's death after his arrest burned tires and hurled stones at police guarding the Parliament. Participants in the demonstration in Jakarta also demanded that the government revoke a 30 percent fuel price increase imposed last month.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, A bomb struck a municipal council building in Baghdad's Shiite Sadr City district, killing four Americans, including two soldiers and two US government civilian employees. At least six Iraqi civilians also died. US troops captured a suspect who tested positive for explosive residue after fleeing the scene. Gunmen killed the head of the local council in Abu Dshir, a Shiite enclave in the mainly Sunni area of Dora in southern Baghdad. A roadside bomb killed three American soldiers and an interpreter north of Baghdad. Abu Khalaf, Al-Qaida in Iraq's top leader in Mosul, was killed along with two other extremists in a gunbattle.
    (AP, 6/24/08)(AP, 6/25/08)(AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 24, Sixty people were hurt in Indian Kashmir in escalating protests about the handing over of land to Hindu pilgrims visiting the Muslim-majority region.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, Myanmar's ruling junta announced that 84,500 people perished in Cyclone Nargis in May, up from an earlier confirmed toll of 77,700.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, New Zealand police charged two men in the slaying of Jae Hyeon Kim (25), a South Korean backpacker, who disappeared five years ago during a working holiday in New Zealand. The exact date of Kim's death remained unclear, but police said it was likely to have been between Sep. 29 and Oct. 22, 2003.
    (AP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, Ibrahim Gambari said Nigeria will seek a 90-day truce in the oil rich Niger Delta before holding a summit on peace in that region. Gambari was appointed to chair a summit.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)
2008        Jun 24, Three Palestinian rockets hit southern Israel and PM Ehud Olmert's office says the cease-fire that took effect last week has been broken. Islamic Jihad militants in the Gaza Strip said they carried out the attack to avenge an Israeli military raid that killed one of their fighters in the West Bank. Israeli troops killed two Palestinians in the West Bank raid. The militant group Hamas said it remains committed to a cease-fire with Israel, but will not act as Israel's "police force" in confronting militants who breach the truce. An Israeli police officer fatally shot himself in the head at an airport farewell ceremony for French President Nicolas Sarkozy. The officer was identified as Raed Ghanem, a member of the minority Druse community.
    (AP, 6/24/08)(AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, Fighting across Sri Lanka's embattled northern region killed at least 32 ethnic Tamil rebels and four government soldiers. Air force fighters bombed a training base in the rebel stronghold of Mullaitivu while helicopter gunships pounded rebel bunkers along the front lines in Mannar.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 24, Zimbabwe's opposition hand-delivered a letter to the country's electoral commission confirming that its leader Morgan Tsvangirai will not participate in this week's presidential run-off.
    (AFP, 6/24/08)

2009        Jun 24, In Arizona Trenda Lynne Halton of Peoria was indicted for recruiting as many as 136 people to pose as college students and defrauding the government out of nearly $154,000 in student aid money.
    (SFC, 6/24/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 24, In Arizona a private plane crashed killing 4 people. The plane was returning to Texas from California and carried over 12 pounds of marijuana and over $8,000 cash.
    (SFC, 6/27/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 24, Ed Thomas, Iowa high school football coach, was shot at Aplington-Parkersburg High School while training in the school weight room. Thomas soon died of his wounds and former student Mark Becker (24) was arrested for the murder.
    (www.iowa.gov/government/ag/latest_news/releases/july_2009/Mark_Becker.html)
2009        Jun 24, South Carolina Republican Gov. Mark Stanford confessed to having an affair with a woman in Argentina and resigned as head of the Republican Governors Association.
    (SFC, 6/25/09, p.A6)
2009        Jun 24, The Gosaibi family of Saudi Arabia held a creditor’s meeting in Bahrain. Their representatives revealed that the group owed $9.2 billion to over 120 banks all over the world.
    (Econ, 7/11/09, p.65)
2009        Jun 24, Denmark's Post Danmark A/S and Sweden's Posten AB merged to form the new holding company Posten Norden AB in the industry’s first-ever cross border tie up.
    (Econ, 10/31/09, p.74)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post_Danmark)
2009        Jun 24, Iran's supreme leader said that the government would not yield to demonstrators demanding the annulment of a disputed presidential election. The wife of the opposition leader said protesters would not buckle under a situation she compared to martial law. 70 university professors were detained after a meeting with opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi, who has alleged massive fraud in the June 12 vote. All but four of the professors were soon released. Iranian authorities barred journalists for international news organizations from reporting on the streets and ordered them to stay in their offices.
    (AP, 6/24/09)(AP, 6/25/09)(AP, 6/26/09)
2009        Jun 24, In northern India a passenger bus plunged into a gorge, killing at least 25 people in Jammu-Kashmir state.
    (AP, 6/24/09)
2009        Jun 24, In Indian-ruled Kashmir thousands of people defied a ban on protest marches with a fresh demonstration over the alleged rape and murder of two young Muslim women by Indian troops.
    (AFP, 6/24/09)
2009        Jun 24, In Iraq an explosion late in Sadr City killed 78 people and wounded 158. The bomb was built using about 200 kilograms (441 pounds) of high explosives packed with steel bearing and other metal objects. It was apparently loaded on a motorcycle pulling a cart.
    (AP, 6/25/09)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.A3)(AP, 6/27/09)
2009        Jun 24, The Nigerian government met with militants from the oil-producing states of the Delta to make an amnesty offer for fighters who cease hostilities in the south of the country. President Umaru Yar'Adua ordered the release of the leader of a militant group from the oil-rich Niger Delta. Alhaji Mujahid Dokubo-Asari, head of the Niger Delta People's Volunteers Force (NDPVF), was arrested the previous evening on returning from a medical exam in Germany.
    (AFP, 6/24/09)
2009        Jun 24, Russia’s Pres. Medvedev arrived in Nigeria to sign gas and nuclear energy pacts, becoming the first Kremlin leader to visit Africa's most populous and energy-rich nation.
    (AFP, 6/24/09)
2009        Jun 24, North Korea threatened to wipe the United States off the map as Washington and its allies watched for signs the regime will launch a series of missiles in the coming days. Meanwhile a US destroyer tailed a North Korean ship suspected of transporting illicit weapons to Myanmar in what could be the first test of UN sanctions passed to punish the nation for an underground nuclear test last month.
    (AP, 6/24/09)
2009        Jun 24, Venezuela and the United States said they will restore their ambassadors more than nine months after President Hugo Chavez expelled the US envoy in his final diplomatic bout with the Bush administration.
    (AP, 6/24/09)

2010        Jun 24, President Barack Obama hosted Russian President Dmitry Medvedev at the White House. They appeared to get along like a couple of buddies.
    (AP, 6/24/10)
2010        Jun 24, The US Congress approved tough new unilateral sanctions aimed at squeezing Iran's energy and banking sectors, which could also hurt companies from other countries doing business with Tehran.
    (Reuters, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 24, The US Supreme Court ruled that disclosing the names of people who sign initiative petitions generally does not violate their right to free speech.
    {Supreme Court, USA}
    (SFC, 6/25/10, p.A5)
2010        Jun 24, The California Budget Project issued a report titled “Making Ends Meet.” It estimated that a single adult must earn nearly $32,000 to live in San Francisco and that 2 working parents with 2 children must take in a little more than $84,000 to get by in the city.
    (SFC, 6/25/10, p.D1)
2010        Jun 24, The Oakland, Ca., City Council voted to lay off 80 of the city’s 776 police officers as it slashed at a $30.5 million budget deficit.
    (SFC, 6/25/10, p.A1)
2010        Jun 24, In San Francisco Walter Shorenstein (95), a pre-eminent real estate developer, die at his home. He controlled 130 buildings nationwide.
    (SFC, 6/25/10, p.A1)
2010        Jun 24, The Strasbourg-based European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that European law does not require countries to grant same-sex couples the right to marry, even if some states have already done so. The ECHR is part of the Council of Europe, which promotes democracy and the rule of law among its 47 member states.
    (Reuters, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 24, Julia Gillard (48), a Welsh-born lawyer, became Australia's first female prime minister after the once hugely popular Kevin Rudd fell victim to a party coup less than three years after taking office. Gillard moved to revive a stalled carbon trading scheme, pledging more consultation with industry and voters to win support for an issue that has split the nation.
    (AP, 6/24/10)(Reuters, 6/24/10)
2010        Jun 24, Afghan and NATO coalition troops destroyed a bomb factory and killed a Taliban district commander in Kandahar province. In all, 15 insurgents were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 6/24/10)
2010        Jun 24, In Belgium police raided the home and former office of recently retired Archbishop Godfried Danneels as part of an investigation into the sexual abuse of children by Roman Catholic priests. Separately police seized the records of an independent panel investigating sexual abuse by priests.
    (SFC, 6/25/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 24, Chinese President Hu Jintao called for a new start and a firming of Sino-Canadian ties, despite new irritants, during a state visit to Canada ahead of G8 and G20 summits in the Toronto area.
    (AFP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 24, In China Karma Samdrup, a Tibetan environmentalist once praised as a model philanthropist, was sentenced to 15 years in prison on charges of grave robbing and dealing in looted antiquities. Supporters said the case was aimed at punishing his activism.
    (AP, 6/24/10)
2010        Jun 24, In Ethiopia a government minister said that a faction of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF), seeking a separate state in the west of the country, has agreed to lay down its arms following talks in Germany.
    (AFP, 6/24/10)
2010        Jun 24, In France workers around the country went on strike to protest Pres. Sarkozy’s plans to raise the retirement age by 2 years to 62. Unions stage nearly 200 marches in several cities over a broad reform of the money-losing pension system.
    (SFC, 6/25/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 24, Germany's Supreme Court issued a landmark ruling that an assisted suicide can not be punished if it is carried out based on a patient's prior request.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 24, In Greece a letter bomb in Athens killed police officer Giorgos Vassilakis (50), a close aide to the law enforcement minister. The device had been hidden in an envelope originally sent by mail on June 18 to minister Michalis Chryssohoidis' political office.
    (AP, 6/26/10)
2010        Jun 24, Indian authorities arrested a key separatist leader and 40 other activists in a bid to quell spiraling protests in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir.
    (AP, 6/24/10)   
2010        Jun 24, Indian and Pakistani diplomats pledged to strive for sustained dialogue to get their fragile relations back on track and deny militants space to derail reconciliation efforts.
    (AFP, 6/24/10)
2010        Jun 24, In Iraq 2 police officers were killed by a roadside bomb in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 6/25/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 24, Libya justified its closure of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees office in a statement that included claims its representative had offered refugee status in exchange for sex.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 24, In Mexico police in the border city of Mexicali arrested Manuel Garibay (52), a purported top figure in Mexico's powerful Sinaloa drug cartel. 6 gunmen died in two shootouts in Matamoros, across from Brownsville, Texas. Another five gunmen died after clashing with soldiers in Ciudad Mier, which is also in Tamaulipas.
    (AP, 6/26/10)
2010        Jun 24, Norwegian Cruise Line’s $1.2 billion, 4,100 passenger Epic cruise ship, began its maiden transatlantic voyage from Southampton, UK, and arrived in New York on July 1.
    (www.epic.ncl.com/the-latest/in-the-news/article/?jid=152)
2010        Jun 24, Noorsat, the operator which handles the broadcasting of Al-Aqsa TV to parts of Europe and throughout the Middle East, shut down the broadcasts of Al-Aqsa TV, a Gaza-based television station accused of inciting hatred of Jews and Israel.
    (AFP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 24, The Police Service of Northern Ireland arrested Fermin Vila Michelena (40), a Basque separatist, in central Belfast. Michelena faced three Spanish arrest warrants over a string of ETA attacks. A ministry statement accused Michelena of membership in an ETA terror cell that committed four car-bomb attacks in Spain in 2001.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 24, In Rwanda journalist Jean-Leonard Rugambage, the acting editor of Umuvugizi, a banned local-language newspaper, was shot dead in Kigali. Didace Nduguyangu and Antoine Karemera were arrested the day after the killing. On Oct 29 Rwanda’s High Court sentenced both of them to life in prison.
    (AFP, 6/25/10)(AFP, 10/31/10)
2010        Jun 24, Venezuela said it has captured Luis Frank Tello Candelo (47), a suspected Colombian drug smuggler, who is wanted on cocaine charges in the United States and who has allegedly collaborated with Mexico's Zetas drug gang.
    (AP, 6/24/10)

2011        Jun 24, Pres. Obama outlined a $500 million initiative to energize the manufacturing sector with an emphasis on research and new technologies.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A11)
2011        Jun 24, Pres. Obama named Andrew Liveris, head of Dow Chemical, as co-chair of a new “Advance Manufacturing Partnership” to bring together government, academia and business to build a roadmap for a more competitive manufacturing sector.  Liveris had recently authored “Make It in America: The Case for Re-Inventing the Economy.”
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.62)
2011        Jun 24, The war-weary US House of Representatives delivered a harsh, symbolic rebuke to President Barack Obama over the conflict in Libya but beat back efforts to cut funds for direct US air strikes.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, A US judge ordered former media baron Conrad Black (66) back to prison for 13 more months, cutting his original 6 1/2-year sentence nearly in half for remaining fraud and obstruction of justice convictions.
    (Reuters, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, Google said the FTC has opened a broad investigation into its online search and online advertising businesses to see if it has abused its dominant position.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.56) 
2011        Jun 24, Connecticut Gov. Dannel Malloy began issuing layoff notices to as many as 7,500 state employees after a state union voted down a labor concessions package.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 24, In Indiana a federal judge issued an injunction barring the state from cutting off funding for general health services by Planned Parenthood clinics just because the organization also provides abortions.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A11)
2011        Jun 24, The Michigan parole board voted to release former Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick from prison after more than a year behind bars for violating probation.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 24, In Michigan Dr. Stephen Hatch (46) of Indiana and his current wife were killed in a plane crash near Charlevoix. 8 years earlier Hatch survived a crash that killed 2 of his children and his wife Julie (38).
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A11)
2011        Jun 24, In Nevada a tractor-trailer slammed into an Amtrak’s California Zephyr train on Highway 95 killing at least 6 people including rig driver Lawrence Valli II and a train conductor.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/11, p.A1)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 24, New York became the sixth and largest state in the country to legalize gay marriage, breathing life into the national gay rights movement that had stalled over a nearly identical bill here two years ago. Pending any court challenges, legal gay marriages can begin in NY by late July after Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed his bill into law just before midnight. It would be effective on July 24.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(Econ, 7/2/11, p.22)
2011        Jun 24, In North Dakota the Souris River swamped as estimated 2,500 homes in Minot as it soared nearly 4 feet in less than a day. More than a quarter of the city’s 40,000 residents had evacuated earlier this week.
    (SFC, 6/25/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 24, In northern Afghanistan a bicycle rigged with explosives ripped through a bazaar in the Khanabad district of Kunduz province killing at least 10 people.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, The presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan failed to approve a set of basic principles for a peaceful settlement to their long-standing dispute over the breakaway territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, despite US and Russian efforts to mediate the conflict in the strategic Caucasus region.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao embarked on a three-country tour of Europe, mired in currency and sovereign debt woes. After talks with Hungary’s PM Viktor Orban and a reception at a Budapest university, Wen moves on to London and Berlin before returning home.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In CongoDRC a 4-day meeting of the Kimberly Process, a system to end the trade in “blood diamonds,” ended. Chairman Mathieu Yamba announced that two Zimbabwean-South African joint ventures could resume diamond sales.
    (Econ, 7/2/11, p.40)
2011        Jun 24, In CongoDRC 19 people were believed dead after a boat capsized overnight on Lake Albert.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 24, European Union leaders appointed Italy's Mario Draghi as the next president of the European Central Bank, a move that gives investors much-needed certainty over who will lead the institution in its pivotal role in the fight against the crippling debt crisis.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, EU officials said Croatia will become a European Union member in two years, making it the first new country to join the bloc since 2007 and offering hope to other nations from the former Yugoslavia seeking to join.
    (AP, 6/24/11) 
2011        Jun 24, French junior transport minister Thierry Mariani said French engineering group Alstom is in exclusive talks to build a high-speed rail line between Baghdad and Basra in Iraq.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, India and Pakistan wrapped up a fresh round of peace talks in Islamabad without any breakthrough other than an agreement to meet again in New Delhi ahead of ministerial talks next month. They did agree to work on new nuclear confidence-building measures and expanded trade and travel across the ceasefire line dividing disputed Kashmir.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)(Reuters, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, India’s government announced a hike in the price of some petroleum products, increasing inflationary pressures in the fast-growing economy.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, Playboy Indonesia's former editor was released from prison after the country's top court overturned his indecency conviction for publishing pictures of scantily clad women.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Iran Pakistani president Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai held a three-way summit with Iran ahead of attending an anti-terrorism conference.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Lebanon Sheik Hassan Nasrallah said CIA members at the embassy had recruited at least two Hezbollah members and the group was investigating whether the US intelligence agency or another foreign agency recruited a third.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Libya a ship carrying 51 prisoners docked in Benghazi. 249 people from the West wishing to be reunited with family in eastern Libya also were on board.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In northeast Mali a raid by the Mauritanian army on an Al-Qaeda base left 17 dead, including two soldiers.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Mexico a mass grave was discovered by soldiers patrolling in the municipality of Juarez, Nuevo Leon state. Authorities believed the graves contained at least 11 bodies. Mexico's Defense Department said that it was sending close to 3,000 soldiers to Tamaulipas to aid the northern state in weeding out corrupt police and recruiting and training new ones. Guerrero state police said five people were killed in the Pacific resort city of Acapulco, two of them in the tourism district. Five other slain people were found in other parts of Guerrero state.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 24, In southeastern Mexico gunmen reportedly kidnapped at least 60 undocumented migrants, including children, who were aboard a freight train in Mexico trying to get to the United States. On June 29 the government said it hasn't found evidence to confirm a priest's report that at least 80 Central American migrants were kidnapped from the freight train.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)(AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 24, Mozambique said will begin housing minors in separate prisons from adults, as the justice minister opened the country's first juvenile detention facility.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Myanmar 4 bombs exploded in three cities, wounding at least two people.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Pakistani fighter jets bombed suspected militant hideouts in two areas of the northwestern Kurram tribal region near the Afghan border, killing at least 10 alleged insurgents.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Palestinian protesters rammed a bulldozer into a contested barrier near the village of Bilin, days after the Israeli army said it would finally comply with a court order and reposition the fence.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Peru three people wee killed and 15 wounded after police fired on mostly indigenous protesters when they tried to storm a provincial airport in the country's southern highlands. Aymara Indian activists have been protesting since May 9 against a planned silver mine owned by a Canadian company and a proposed hydroelectric project that would mostly benefit neighboring Brazil.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, In the Philippines more than 53,000 people were in evacuation centers after fleeing their homes following days of torrential rains caused by Tropical Storm Meari.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Spain said it will slash the government spending limit by 3.8 percent in 2012 as it fights to lower the public deficit.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Swaziland found its options narrowing to avoid financial collapse, turning to neighboring South Africa for a bailout as the African Development Bank refused a $150 million loan request.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Syria at least 18 people were killed when security forces opened fire to disperse demonstrations in Damascus, the town of Kiswah, Qusair and the central city of Homs. Demonstrations rocked many Syrian cities, including the eastern oil hub of Deir Ezzor where 30,000 protesters filled the streets. The EU this week issued fresh sanctions against Syria, which expanded a blacklist targeting 23 top leaders including the embattled president Assad.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)(AFP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Tanzania the UN Court trying suspects of the 1994 Rwanda genocide found Pauline Nyiramasuhuko, a female former government minister, and her son, Arsene Ntahobali, guilty of war crimes and gave both life sentences, marking the first time a woman has been convicted of genocide.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In southern Thailand 3 hidden roadside bombs killed two people and wounded 13 others. Police believed Islamist militants were responsible.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, Ukraine's former prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko went on trial on charges of abuse of office, insisting during a chaotic hearing that the case is a plot by the nation's president to keep her out of politics.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, UNESCO added the Ningaloo Coast in Western Australia, Japan's remote Ogasawara Islands and the Kenya Lake System in the Rift Valley province, to its heritage list.
    (AFP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In the US Virgin Islands a 6-week embezzlement case against three former hospital executives ended in mistrial. A US government audit had accused the three of colluding with the hospital's board to hide bloated compensation packages and of lying to legislators about hospital funds.
    (AP, 6/24/11)
2011        Jun 24, In Venezuela Warden Luis Aranguren was arrested along with National Guard Capt. Gamalier Jose Camargo Gomez whose unit patrolled the Rodeo II prison. The two men were charged with corruption, criminal association and supplying arms and explosives to inmates. Violence began after troops stormed the Rodeo I on June 17 in a weapons hunt, sparking a furious reaction from prisoners.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 24, Yemeni security forces opened fire on tens of thousands of protesters at a funeral in southern Yemen, killing at least one demonstrator. A car bomb, believed to have been set off be a suicide attacker, killed three security personnel in the southern city of Aden.
    (AP, 6/24/11)

2012        Jun 24, San Francisco held its 42nd gay pride parade with more than 200 floats making their way down Market Street.
    (AP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 24, Colorado Gov. said half the nation’s fire fighting fleet was battling fires in his state and that military planes would begin assisting the next day. 8 wildfires made this the worst state wildfire season in a decade.
    (SFC, 6/25/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 24, In Colorado police Officer Celena Hollis (32) was shot and killed as she tried to break up a fight in a Denver city park. Police soon arrested suspect Rollen Oliver (21).
    (SFC, 6/26/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 24, At least one person was killed by a tornado spun off by Tropical Storm Debby as it approached Florida and Alabama.
    (SFC, 6/26/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 24, NY Attorney General Eric Schneiderman said that he has secured a civil settlement in which hedge fund manager J. Ezra Merkin will reimburse clients $405 million lost in Bernard Madoff’s investment scam.
    (SFC, 6/25/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 24, In Oklahoma two freight trains collided near Goodwell and 3 crew members were missing.
    (SFC, 6/25/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 24, In Afghanistan 2 NATO service members died in a traffic accident in the south.
    (AP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, In Canada a roof collapsed at a shopping mall in Elliot Lake, Ontario. Two bodies were recovered on June 27 and 12 people remained unaccounted for.
    (SFC, 6/25/12, p.A2)(Reuters, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 24, In the Central African Republic a violent clash pitted CAR troops against an unidentified group of armed men attempting to launch an assault on the site of a uranium plant operated by French mining company Areva. The armed men were believed to be members of the Chadian rebel Popular Front for Recovery (FPR) led by 'General' Baba Ladde. The rebels seized five French nationals and two locals.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)(AP, 6/26/12)
2012        Jun 24, In southwest China an earthquake struck the border between the provinces of Sichuan and Yunnan, killing at least two people and injuring around 100. The Chinese government put the magnitude of the quake at 5.7.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, A manned Chinese submersible, the Jiaolong, broke through the 7,000-meter mark for a new national deep water dive record in the Mariana Trench in the western Pacific Ocean on its fourth dive since arriving in the area earlier this month. The dive came on the same day China successfully completed its first manual space docking.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, In Ecuador’s Galapagos National Park the only remaining Pinta Island tortoise and celebrated conservation icon, passed away. Lonesome George, estimated to be more than 100 years old, was discovered in 1972 at a time when tortoises of his type were already believed to be extinct.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 24, Egypt’s head of the electoral commission announced that Muslim Brotherhood member Mohamed Morsi with 51.73% of the vote is declared the first president of Egypt since a popular uprising ousted Hosni Mubarak. Tens of thousands packed into Cairo's Tahrir Square in the largest celebration the protest hub has witnessed since Hosni Mubarak's ouster, to celebrate their new president-elect, Mohamed Morsi.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, In Honduras journalist Anibal Barrow (62) was kidnapped while driving in his truck. Three of his family members were also taken, but were quickly released unharmed. On Jul 9 his body was found in a shallow pit on the bank of the Siboney lagoon in San Pedro Sula. His body had been beheaded and the arms legs cut off before it was set ablaze. 4 of 10 suspects in the case were reported detained.
    (AP, 7/11/13)
2012        Jun 24, An Iraqi press freedom group condemned the government for ordering the closure of 44 news organizations, including a US-funded broadcaster.
    (AP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, In Kenya a grenade and gunfire attack on a bar outside the coastal city of Mombasa left at least 3 people dead and some 25 wounded.
    (AP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 24, In Nigeria attackers with guns and explosives raided a jail in Damaturu, leaving four prison guards dead and freeing 40 inmates. One of the inmates was re-arrested and another was killed. In Bauchi a home-made explosive device planted in an unfinished building next to a group of pubs went off injuring 9 people.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)(AFP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 24, In Norway a pension dispute led to an industry-wide strike by the nation’s energy workers. The government intervened on July 10 after the oil industry threatened to halt all output. Energy professionals in Norway averaged $180,300 per year.
    (SFC, 7/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 24, Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari issued a decree to prevent actions taken in the past two months by the ex-premier, recently ousted by judges, from being challenged in court. Gunmen killed 3 policemen in a drive-by shooting on the outskirts of Quetta. 13 soldiers were killed after some 100 militants crossed from Afghanistan into the northwestern district of Upper Dir. Six were killed in gunbattles and another 7 were beheaded after going missing. On June 27 the Taliban released a video showing 17 heads displayed on a bloody white sheet.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)(AFP, 6/25/12)(AFP, 6/26/12)(AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 24, The Philippines alleged that a Chinese vessel accidentally rammed a local fishing boat north of a disputed South China Sea shoal, killing one and leaving four others missing. The fishing boat set out from the northern coastal town of Bolinao, in Pangasinan province on June 18 and was reported to have sunk two days later.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, The Philippines said that at least 14 immigration officers were under investigation for alleged involvement in the human trafficking of poor Filipinos to violence-torn Syria.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, A Russian ship that tried to deliver repaired attack helicopters to Syria entered the northern port of Murmansk after being forced to abandon its initial attempt.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, In Saudi Arabia a man (60) died from severe pneumonia complicated by renal failure. He had arrived at a Jihad hospital 11 days earlier with symptoms similar to severe case of influenza or SARS. In September an Egyptian virologist said it was caused by a new coronavirus. Months later the illness was named MERS (Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome).
    (SFC, 8/14/13, p.E1)
2012        Jun 24, In Singapore Shirley Sarmiento found the body of her boyfriend, Shane Truman Todd (31), in his apartment. The US software engineer was hanging from a black strap that was fashioned into a noose and secured to a door. At an inquest in 2013 Sarmiento said he had been unhappy at work and feared "heavy hands coming after him." In 2013 a judge ruled that Todd’s death was a suicide.
    (AP, 5/13/13)(AP, 7/8/13)
2012        Jun 24, Sudanese security forces used tear gas to break up anti-regime demonstrations in Khartoum, as the government vowed to press ahead with economic austerity measures that set off a wave of unrest last weekend.
    (AP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, Violence in Syria killed at least 34 people, more than half of them troops who died in clashes with rebels. Regime troops stormed the Neirab refugee camp in Aleppo province, where there were reports of casualties.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, Tunisia sent back ex-Libyan PM Baghdadi al-Mahmoudi, a stalwart of slain leader Moamer Kadhafi's regime, to face trial in Tripoli.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)
2012        Jun 24, Turkey’s army said its warplanes have carried out strikes on suspected Kurdish militant targets in northern Iraq. Air strikes had hit 9 PKK targets over the last 3 days. Kurdish rebels killed one policeman and wounded 3 others in a roadside bomb attack.
    (AFP, 6/24/12)(SFC, 6/25/12, p.A2)

2013        Jun 24, Texas Republicans used their majority to cut short debate and give preliminary approval early today to some of the toughest abortion restrictions in the country as time was running out on the Texas Legislature's special session.
    (AP, 6/24/13)
2013        Jun 24, Some $1.2 million was reported to have disappeared from a shipment of cash on Flight 17 from Switzerland to NYC as part of a banking transaction.
    (SFC, 6/26/13, p.A4)
2013        Jun 24, Tenet Healthcare said it would buy Vanguard Health Systems for $4.3 billion including debt. The combined US group will have 79 hospitals and 157 outpatient clinics.
    (Econ, 6/29/13, p.61)
2013        Jun 24, Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff proposed a wide range of actions to reform the political system, fight corruption and improve public services — all demands angrily asked for by the millions of protesters who've taken to the streets the past week. Rousseff shifted some of the burden for progress onto the back of Brazil's widely loathed congress — in particular, in calling for a plebiscite on political reform that only lawmakers have the authority to call. 9 people were killed during a police operation in a Rio favela after a protest march.
    (AP, 6/25/13)(Econ, 6/29/13, p.34)
2013        Jun 24, British mobile phone operator Vodaphone announced its acquisition of Kabel Deutschland, Germany’s biggest cable-television company, for €7.7 billion.
    (Econ, 6/29/13, p.57)
2013        Jun 24, Heads of state and government leaders from 25 West and Central African countries along the Gulf of Guinea met in Cameroon's capital to address escalating piracy, trafficking and other illicit activities in the strategic region.
    (AP, 6/24/13)
2013        Jun 24, American executive Chip Starnes (42) said he has been held hostage for four days at his medical supply plant in Beijing by scores of workers demanding severance packages like those given to 30 co-workers in a phased-out department. Starnes left the Beijing factory on June 27 after he and a labor representative said the two sides had reached agreement in a pay dispute.
    (AP, 6/24/13)(AP, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 24, Ecuador's foreign minister said his country will act not on its interests but on its principles as it considers an asylum request from National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden, wanted for revealing classified US secrets.
    (AP, 6/24/13)
2013        Jun 24, The European Commission confirmed approval of InterContinental Exchange's proposed $8.2 billion takeover of NYSE Euronext, saying the two are not direct competitors in most markets and will continue to face strong competition.
    (AP, 6/24/13)
2013        Jun 24, In Iraq an attacker rammed his explosive-laden car into an army patrol in Mosul, killing a soldier and a police officer. A 2nd bomber blew set off his explosive-rigged belt inside a university campus in the city of Tikrit, killing a police officer. A series of evening bombings near markets in and around Baghdad and other blasts north of the capital killed at least 42 people altogether and wounded dozens of others.
    (AP, 6/24/13)
2013        Jun 24, Israeli aircraft pounded targets in the Gaza Strip after rockets were fired at Israel from the territory. A total of six rockets were fired at Israel overnight. Israeli police said that vandals slashed the tires of 21 cars in an Arab neighborhood of east Jerusalem. The vandals also scribbled slogans on nearby walls.
    (AP, 6/24/13)
2013        Jun 24, In Italy former premier Silvio Berlusconi was sentenced to seven years in prison and banned from politics for life for paying an underage prostitute for sex during infamous "bunga bunga" parties and forcing public officials to cover it up. He still had two levels of appeal.
    (AP, 6/25/13)
2013        Jun 24, Lebanese army units battled followers of hard-line Sunni cleric Sheikh Ahmad al-Assir holed up in a mosque complex in Sidon, the second day of fighting that has left at least 16 soldiers dead and 50 wounded. At least three of al-Assir's supporters died in the fighting.
    (AP, 6/24/13)
2013        Jun 24, In Pakistan Amanullah Khan, a deputy superintendent, and his driver were killed in Peshawar. Khan was in charge of the Peshawar traffic police.
    (AP, 6/24/13)

2014        Jun 24, In Kansas City, Mo., police officer Jacob Ramsey was making a warrant check when Anthony Contreras ran from a house. Police said he feared he was about to be shot and fired at Contreras, critically wounding him. On April 17, 2015, a prosecutor dismissed charges Ramsey, who was indicted in February by a grand jury for the non-fatal shooting.
    (http://tinyurl.com/k437yhq)(Reuters, 4/17/15)
2014        Jun 24, Britain became the latest nation to formally outlaw the herbal stimulant khat, the bushy leaf chewed by many Somalis, Yemenis, Kenyans and Ethiopians. As of today khat is a "class C drug", making possession punishable by up to two years in jail and supply and production punishable by up to 14 years.
    (AFP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, Two powerful British political insiders met starkly different fates as former News of the World editor Andy Coulson was convicted of phone hacking but fellow editor Rebekah Brooks was acquitted.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, Cameroon security forces killed at least 10 suspected Boko Haram militants in three clashes in the north of the country near its border with Nigeria.
    (Reuters, 6/26/14)
2014        Jun 24, In China Wei Jianghong, chairman of a state-owned copper smelter and a delegate to the national legislature, jumped to his death in Anhui province. The suicide was attributed to “excessive work pressure and mental stress.”
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.38)
2014        Jun 24, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi said he will not interfere in court rulings, rebuffing calls from the United States and other Western governments that he pardon or commute the sentences of three Al-Jazeera journalists handed heavy prison terms a day earlier. El-Sissi also said he will donate half of his personal wealth and half of his salary to help the country's crippling economy, the improvement of which he said requires sacrifices from all Egyptians.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, An Egyptian court convicted Kerolos Ghattas (30), an Egyptian Christian, to six years imprisonment for blasphemy and contempt of religion. He was arrested earlier this month for posting pictures deemed insulting to Islam on his Facebook page.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, The EU set Albania on the road to membership, granting the small Balkan state the status of candidate to join in recognition of recent reforms, while warning the government that progress was conditional on further efforts.
    (Reuters, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, In Finland former European affairs minister Alexander Stubb took over as the head of the conservative-led government after PM Jyrki Katainen resigned to pursue a position in the European Commission.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, France's top administrative court ordered an end to the treatment of a comatose man — a decision blocked hours later by the European Court of Human Rights.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 24, The Paris Club of creditor nations announced Israel's induction, bringing the club's membership to 20 countries. It was created in 1956, and has worked out loan deals for 90 countries.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, The Honduran fishing boat "Miss Nushka" was lost about 83 km (50 miles) north of the port of La Ceiba in heavy winds and waves. Divers later recovered one body inside the boat. Seven fishermen were rescued after floating for 10 hours before coming upon a small island. 7 remained missing.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 24, Indonesia became the newest country to mandate graphic photo warnings on cigarette packs, joining more than 40 other nations or territories that have adopted similar regulations in recent years. Authorities said major tobacco companies have largely ignored a deadline to put graphic health warnings on all cigarette packs.
    (AP, 6/24/14)(AP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 24, In Iran an attack near its western border with Iraq killed 3 border guards.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 24, Iraqi air strikes killed at least 32 people as security forces held off attacks on a strategic town and an oil refinery. The UN said at least 1,075 people, the vast majority of them civilians, have been killed in Iraq during June as a Sunni insurgency overtakes key areas of the country.
    (AFP, 6/24/14)(AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, Japanese PM Shinzo Abe unveiled a fresh round of reforms, in the latest bid to cement a fragile recovery, his second attempt to fire the "third arrow" of his economic action plan.
    (AFP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, A Lebanese security source said an overnight suicide blast in Beirut's southern suburbs, Hezbollah's main bastion, killed a security officer who had tried to stop the bomber.
    (AFP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, Mali security forces arrested Mahamed Aly Ag Wadoussene, a fugitive at the heart of a jail break in Bamako on June 16 in which at least two people were killed and 22 prisoners escaped.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 24, Mexican officials said Fernando Sanchez Arellano, head of the once-mighty Tijuana-based Arellano Felix cartel, has been arrested.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, In Nigeria extremists overran a military checkpoint in the northeast and killed at least 21 soldiers.
    (AP, 6/26/14)
2014        Jun 24, In Pakistan one woman was killed and three crew members were wounded by gunmen shooting at an Airbus 310 plane carrying 178 passengers from Saudi Arabia as it landed in Peshawar.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 24, Nine Peruvian commercial fisherman died after two trawlers collided and one boat capsized 13 nautical miles off Pisco. Three of the Marisol II’s crew survived.
    (SFC, 6/25/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin asked parliament to cancel a resolution sanctioning the use of military force in Ukraine.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, In South Africa the world's three biggest platinum firms signed a wage deal with the AMCU union, but said that fallout from a five-month strike made job cuts and restructuring inevitable, setting the scene for more labor turmoil in the sector.
    (Reuters, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, South African police in Kloof seized heroin worth more than two billion rand ($190 million). Police arrested two Chinese nationals and one South African in the biggest drugs bust in the country's history.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 24, Spain's Supreme Court approved a $7-billion oil exploration project off the Canary Islands.
    (Reuters, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, Thailand’s former Interior Minister Charupong Reuangsuwan, a member of the elected government ousted by last month's coup, formed an opposition group in exile, invoking historical symbols of resistance and revolution while rejecting as illegitimate the new military regime.
    (AP, 6/24/14)
2014        Jun 24, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said pro-Russian separatists in the east had violated a ceasefire with overnight attacks that killed one government soldier. Rebels downed a government helicopter.
    (Reuters, 6/24/14)(AFP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 24, The UN and Interpol released a report saying global environmental crime is worth up to $213 billion a year and helps finance criminal and terrorist groups threatening security and sustainable development worldwide.
    (AFP, 6/24/14)

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