Today in History - June 25

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841        Jun 25, Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeated Lothar at Fontenay.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1096        Jun 25, The 1st Crusaders slaughtered the Jews of Werelinghofen, Germany.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1483        Jun 25, The short reign of Edward V (b.1470), king of England (Apr 9-Jun 25, 1483), ended. He disappeared after being sent (ostensibly for safety) to the Tower of London.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_V_of_England)

1503        Jun 25, Christopher Columbus beached his sinking ships in St. Anne’s Bay, Jamaica, and spent a year shipwrecked and marooned there before returning to Spain.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.8)(http://www1.minn.net/~keithp/v4.htm)

1630        Jun 25, The fork was introduced to American dining by Gov. Winthrop.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1658        Jun 25, Aurangzeb proclaimed himself emperor of the Moghuls in India.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1672        Jun 25, 1st recorded monthly Quaker meeting in US was held at Sandwich, Mass.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1673        Jun 25, French commander Charles de Batz (b.1611), known as D’Artagnan, was slain in the service of Louis XIV. He died at the Siege of Maastricht in the Franco-Dutch War and was one of the musketeers who inspired Dumas’ fiction.
    (SSFC, 4/13/08, p.E4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D'Artagnan)

1767        Jun 25, Mexican Indians rioted as Jesuit priests were ordered home. Spain expelled the Jesuits from Mexico and their work was taken over by the Dominican Fathers.
    (WSJ, 12/26/97, p.A9)(HN, 6/25/98)(Econ, 6/1/13, p.80)
1767        Jun 25, Georg Philipp Telemann (86), German composer, died.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1788        Jun 25, Virginia ratified the U.S. Constitution.
    (AP, 6/25/97)

1807        Jun 25, Napoleon I of France and Russian Czar Alexander I met near Tilsit, in northern Prussia, to discuss terms for ending war between their empires.
    (AP, 6/25/07)

1822        Jun 25, Ernst Theodor Amadeus (ETA) Hoffmann (46), German writer, judge, composer, died.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1749        Jun 25, Massachusetts residents were asked to fast due to a severe drought.
    (SFC, 6/25/09, p.D8)

1835        Jun 25, William A. Richardson built the first structure in Yerba Buena, renamed San Francisco in 1847, and was named captain of the port.
    (SFC, 3/27/99, p.A23)(SFC, 7/6/13, p.C2)(SFC, 9/18/15, p.C2)

1852        Jun 25, Antoni Gaudi (d.1926), Spanish modernist architect (Sagrada Familia, Barcelona), was born.
    (MC, 6/25/02)(SFEM, 10/8/00, p.61)

1857        Jun 25, Gustave Flaubert went on trial for public immorality regarding his novel, Madame Bovary. Flaubert first published his novel (Madame Bovary) “Emma Bovary" in serial form in 1856. It was later considered as the first novel of a liberated woman in modern literature. In 1998 Dacia Maraini published “Searching for Emma." A TV version for Masterpiece Theater was shown in 2000. [see Oct 1, 1856]
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, Par p.18)(WSJ, 2/4/00, p.W6)(HN, 6/25/01)

1860        Jun 25, Gustave Charpentier, French composer (Louise), was born.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1861        Jun 25, Abdul Mejid, the 31st Ottoman sultan, died. He had dreamed of a tunnel under the Bosphorus Straits connecting Asia to Europe.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abd%C3%BClmecid_I)(Econ, 10/26/13, p.62)

1862        Jun 25, The first day of the Seven Days Campaign began with fighting at Oak Grove, Virginia, with Robert E. Lee commanding the Confederate Army for the first time.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1863        Jun 25, Pres. Lincoln chose US General George Meade to replace General Hooker, hoping he would be more aggressive. [see Jun 28]
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1864        Jun 25, Union troops surrounding Petersburg, Virginia, began building a mine tunnel underneath the Confederate lines.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1867        Jun 25, The 1st barbed wire was patented by Lucien B. Smith of Ohio. [see Illinois, Oct 27, 1873]
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1868        Jun 25, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina were re-admitted to the Union.
    (AP, 6/25/97)
1868        Jun 25, Congress enacted legislation granting an eight-hour day to workers employed by the Federal government.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1870        Jun 25, Richard Wagner's opera "Die Walkure" was produced in Munich.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1874        Jun 25, Rose Cecil O’Neill (d.1944), illustrator, writer and creator of the Kewpie doll, was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
    (AH, 2/05, p.24)(www.britannica.com/ebi/article?tocId=9331987)

1876        Jun 25, Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated his telephone at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia.
    (SFC, 2/3/97, p.D1)(ON, 1/03, p.5)
1876        Jun 25, In the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana, Gen. George A. Custer and some 250 men in his 7th Cavalry were massacred by the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians. To crush the Plains Indians and drive them onto reservations, Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and more than 600 7th Cavalrymen and Indian scouts advanced on an Indian encampment in the Little Bighorn Valley of Montana. Custer's main concern was to keep the Indians from escaping, but on this day, he faced the biggest alliance of hostile Plains Indians--mostly Sioux and Cheyenne--ever gathered in one place. Custer and his entire personal command, about 210 soldiers, were wiped out. The site is near a region where paleontologist Prof. Edward Drinker Cope dug for dinosaur fossils just a few days after the massacre. Custer and his cavalrymen had attacked an encampment of 2,000 to 4,000 Lakota, Cheyenne and other Indians. Up to 300 Indians possessed Henry and Winchester repeating rifles.
    (WSJ, 11/1/94, p.1)(SFC, 6/28/96, p.A5)(AP, 6/25/97)(HNPD, 6/25/99)(Econ, 5/8/10, p.82)

1881        Jun 25, Crystal Eastman, suffragist, was born.
    (HN, 6/25/01)

1886        Jun 25, Henry (Hap) Arnold, commanding general of the U.S. Army Air Force during World War II, was born.
    (HN, 6/25/99)
1886        Jun 25, Britain adopted its Riot (Damages) Act, intended to provide compensation for losses by riots.
    (www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/Vict/49-50/38/introduction)

1887        Jun 25, George Abbott, American playwright, director and producer, was born. His plays included "Three Men on a Horse" and "Damn Yankees."
    (AP, 2/2/99)(HN, 6/25/99)

1900        Jun 25, Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma, the last British viceroy of India, was born. He survived World War II only to be killed by an IRA bomb.
    (HN, 6/25/99)

1903        Jun 25, George Orwell (d.1950), English novelist, essayist and critic, was born in India as Eric Arthur Blair. He took his pen name in 1932. His books included "Animal Farm" (1945) and "1984" (1949), which attacked totalitarianism. "Each generation imagines itself to be more intelligent than the one that went before it, and wiser than the one that comes after it."
    (HN, 6/25/99)(AP, 9/23/00)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Orwell)
1903        Jun 25, Marie Curie announced her discovery of radium. [see Apr 20, 1902]
    (HN, 6/25/01)

1906        Jun 25, A love triangle came to a violent end atop New York's Madison Square Garden as architect Stanford White, the building's designer, was shot to death by Harry Thaw, for an alleged tryst White had with Thaw's wife, Florence Evelyn Nesbit. Thaw, tried for murder, was acquitted by reason of insanity. At the time this was called "The Crime of the Century."
    (HN, 6/25/99)(AP, 6/25/06)

1910        Jun 25, An Act of US Congress established a postal savings system in post offices, effective January 1, 1911. It paid 2% interest on deposits not to exceed $2,500. In 1966 post offices stopped taking deposits. A 1984 law declared that no claims on funds would be honored after July 13, 1985.
    (www.usps.com/history/his2_5.htm)(SFC, 11/30/05, p.G3)
1910        Jun 25, The Mann Act was passed in the US. It forbade transporting women across state lines for immoral purposes.
    (MC, 6/25/02)   

1920        Jun 25, The Greeks took 8,000 Turkish prisoners in Smyrna.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1921        Jun 25, Samuel Gompers was elected head of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) for the 40th time.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1922        Jun 25, The SF Chronicle’s sports pages became the Sporting Green with the sports section printed in green.
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, p.W2)

1925        Jun 25, Robert Venturi, architect (Levittown NY, Las Vegas), was born in Phila.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1936        Jun 25, Convict James C. Lucas stabbed Al Capone in the back as Capone worked in prison laundry at Alcatraz. Capone was marked for refusing to participate in a mutiny several months earlier. The wound was not serious.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, DB p.42)

1938        Jun 25, Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law the Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act. It included a restriction on the sale of embedded non-food items, unless there’s a functional value, like the stick on a lollipop. It was partially provoked by a rash of injuries from depilatory creams.
    (WSJ, 6/24/02, p.A8)(Econ, 2/7/15, p.79)
1938        Jun 25, The US Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 was enacted.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
1938        Jun 25, Mary Hallock Foote (b1847), author and illustrator, died. Her 3 Leadville novels established her as a Western writer. On 2003 Darlis A. Miller authored “Mary Hallock Foote: Author-Illustrator of the American West.
    (AH, 6/03, p.62)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Hallock_Foote)

1940        Jun 25, Adolf Hitler viewed the Eiffel tower and tomb of Napoleon in Paris.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1941        Jun 25, Joe DiMaggio ran his hitting streak to 45 straight games.
    (MC, 6/25/02)
1941        Jun 25, Germans invaded Dubno, Poland, and encouraged the Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there.
    (MC, 6/25/02)
1941        Jun 25, Finland declared war on the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 6/25/98)
1941        Jun 25-26, Russians counter attacked at Rovno, Poland.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1942        Jun 25, Major General Dwight Eisenhower was appointed commander of US forces in Europe.
    (MC, 6/25/02)
1942        Jun 25, Some 1,000 British Royal Air Force bombers raided Bremen, Germany, during World War II.
    (AP, 6/25/97)

1943        Jun 25, Crematory III at Birkenau, Poland, was finished.
    (MC, 6/25/02)
1943        Jun 25, Arthur Seyss-Inquart ordered a mass arrest of Dutch physicians.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1944        Jun 25, British assault at Caen, Normandy.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1945        Jun 25, Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announced the fall of Okinawa.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1946        Jun 25, Ho Chi Minh traveled to France for talks on Vietnamese independence.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1948        Jun 25, Truman signed Displaced Persons Bill allowing 205,000 Europeans to come to the US.
    (MC, 6/25/02)
1948        Jun 25, The Republican national convention in Philadelphia chose California Gov. Earl Warren to be Thomas E. Dewey's running mate.
    (AP, 6/25/98)
1948        Jun 25, The Soviet Union tightened its blockade of Berlin by intercepting river barges heading for the city.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1949        Jun 25, In Bulgaria Communist Deputy Premier Traicho Kostov was arrested and charged with ideological deviation and treason. He and ten associates were found guilty and executed on Dec 16.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1194)

1950        Jun 25, The Korean War started as forces from the communist North invaded the South. It lasted till 1953. A Truman administration statement that Korea was “outside the US defense perimeter" in the Pacific was said to have invited the attack. Gen. McArthur led a UN expeditionary force in response to North Korea’s attack on South Korea. The Chinese entered the war and the UN forces were pushed into a Christmas retreat. 2.5 million people were killed. No peace treaty was ever signed. About 1.7 million Americans were involved and there was an estimated 3 mil casualties including 150,000 (54,246) Americans and over 1 mil Chinese.  In 1990 North Korean officials revealed that Stalin knew about and encouraged North Korea’s aggression as did Mao Tse-Tung.
    (NG, Aug., 1974, p.255)(WSJ, 8/8/95, p. A15)(SFC, 4/8/96, p.A-9)(SFEM, 11/10/96, p.12)(SFC, 2/17/96, p.A26)(AP, 6/25/97)(WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A22)

1951        Jun 25, The first commercial color telecast took place as CBS transmitted a one-hour special from New York to four other cities. CBS tried a version of color TV with a design that featured a mechanical rotating color wheel.
    (AP, 6/25/97)(SFC, 3/18/04, p.E1)

1955        Jun 25, "Can Can" closed at Shubert Theater NYC after 892 performances.
    (MC, 6/25/02)

1958        Jun 25, A four-day dedication of the Mackinac Bridge linking Michigan's upper and lower peninsulas began, even though the bridge had been open to traffic since November 1957.
    (AP, 6/25/08)

1959        Jun 25, In San Francisco a new Safeway grocery store opened on Marina Boulevard adjacent to Gas House Cove. Murals by John Garth flanked the store’s two entrances.
    (SSFC, 6/21/09, DB p.50)
1959        Jun 25, Charles Starkweather, spree murderer, was executed.
    (MC, 6/25/02)
1959        Jun 25, The Cuban government seized 2.35 million acres under a new agrarian reform law.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1962        Jun 25, The Supreme Court ruled that the use of an unofficial, nondenominational prayer in New York public schools was unconstitutional.
    (AP, 6/25/97)(HN, 6/25/98)

1964        Jun 25, President Lyndon Johnson ordered 200 naval personnel to Mississippi to assist in finding three missing civil rights workers.
    (HN, 6/25/98)

1967        Jun 25, The Beatles performed their new song, "All You Need Is Love," during a live international telecast.
    (AP, 6/25/97)

1968        Jun 25, The Canadian federal election was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 28th Parliament of Canada. The Liberal Party won a majority government under its new leader, PM Pierre Trudeau.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_federal_election,_1968)

1973        Jun 25, White House Counsel John Dean began testimony before Senate Watergate Committee and admitted that President Nixon took part in the Watergate cover-up.
    (http://www.watergate.info/chronology/1973.shtml)(HN, 6/25/98)

1975        Jun 25, Mozambique became an independent state (twice the size of California), ending nearly five centuries of Portuguese rule and a long civil war began that lasted to 1992. 600,000 Portuguese farmers abandoned their farms and the agricultural industry was devastated. Frelimo took power in opposition to Renamo, which was supported by white-led governments in Rhodesia and South Africa. The UN Children’s Education Fund estimated that at least 850 children were kidnapped by guerillas of Renamo. some were forced to fight but most were put to work as cooks and cleaners.
    (WSJ, 3/21/96, p.A-11)(SFC, 6/25/96, p.A8)(AP, 6/25/97)

1976        Jun 25, John Herndon Mercer [Johnny Mercer] (b.1909), songwriter, died. He was buried in Boneventure Cemetery in Savannah, Ga. In 2004 Gene Lees authored the biography “Portrait of Johnny."
    (SFEC,11/30/97, p.T5)(HN, 11/18/00)(WSJ, 11/26/04, p.W4)

1978        Jun 25, Argentina, host to the World Cup, beat Netherlands in the soccer World Cup championship in Buenos Aires. It was later alleged that the ruling military junta bribed an opposing team to ensure Argentina’s progress and eventual victory.
    (SFC, 2/4/97, p.A12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1978_FIFA_World_Cup)(Econ, 8/15/09, p.32)

1980        Jun 25, The Associated Press chose 11 major newspapers to launch a cooperative experiment to deliver news electronically to computer-equipped homes.
    (SFC, 6/24/05, p.F2)

1981        Jun 25, The US Supreme Court decided that male-only draft registration was constitutional.
    (AP, 6/25/97)

1986        Jun 25, The US Congress approved $100 million in aid to the Contras fighting in Nicaragua.
    (HN, 6/25/98)
1986        Jun 25, San Francisco clothier Wilkes Bashford pleaded no contest to a felony charge and agreed to pay back $750,000 in rent to the city.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, DB p.42)

1987        Jun 25, Pope John Paul II received Austrian President Kurt Waldheim at the Vatican, a meeting fraught with controversy because of allegations that Waldheim had hidden a Nazi past. 
    (AP, 6/25/97)

1988        Jun 25, American-born Mildred Gillars, better known during World War II as "Axis Sally" for her Nazi propaganda broadcasts, died in Columbus, Ohio, at age 87. Gillars had served 12 years in prison for treason.
    (AP, 6/25/98)

1989        Jun 25, A judge in Cincinnati temporarily blocked a hearing by baseball Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti into allegations that Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose had gambled on baseball games.
    (AP, 6/25/99)

1990        Jun 25, The US Supreme Court ruled that family members cannot end the lives of comatose relatives unless those relatives previously made their wishes known.
    (www.scu.edu/ethics/publications/iie/v4n2/)
1990        Jun 25, African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela met with President Bush at the White House.
    (AP, 6/25/00)

1991        Jun 25, Slovenia proclaimed independence from Yugoslavia.
    (www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3407.htm)
1991        Jun 25, The civil war in Yugoslavia began when Croatia and Slovenia proclaimed independence from Yugoslavia. Croatia voted to declare independence with Franjo Tudjman as president. Following months of unsuccessful talks among Yugoslavia’s six republics about the future of the federation, the western republics of Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence. Entities of Yugoslavia began to split off leaving Serbia and Montenegro.
    (SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)(AP, 6/25/01)(www.factmonster.com/ce6/world/A0857636.html)

1992        Jun 25, Both houses of Congress rushed to pass a back-to-work order ending a national rail strike; President Bush signed it June 26.
    (AP, 6/25/97)
1992        Jun 25, The space shuttle Columbia, carrying seven astronauts, blasted off on a two-week mission.
    (AP, 6/25/97)

1993        Jun 25, Vice President Gore cast the tie-breaking vote as the Senate approved a record deficit-reduction plan.
    (AP, 6/25/98)
1993        Jun 25, Kim Campbell was sworn in as Canada's 19th prime minister, the first woman to hold the post.
    (CFA, '96, p.81)(AP, 6/25/98)

1994        Jun 25, Japanese Prime Minister Tsutomu Hata, faced with certain defeat in a no-confidence vote, announced his intention to resign after just two months in office.
    (AP, 6/25/99)

1995        Jun 25, Warren E. Burger, the 15th chief justice of the United States (1969-86), died in Washington, D.C., of congestive heart failure at age 87.
    (AP, 6/25/97)

1996        Jun 25, At least 19 Americans were killed at a US base near Dhahran. Another 105 suffered serious injuries from a truck bomb estimated at 5,000 pounds at the Khobar Towers apartment complex adjacent to King Abdul Aziz Air Base. About 5,000 US troops served in Saudi Arabia. US, French and British aircraft resumed flying 100 missions per day over southern Iraq from Saudi Arabia. In 1997 intelligence information tied a senior Iranian intelligence officer to Hani Abd Rahim Sayegh, a man who fled Saudi Arabia shortly after the bombing. In 1999 the US threatened was set to deport Hani al-Sayegh to Saudi Arabia. Sayegh feared torture and asked for US asylum. Sayegh was deported Oct 10. In 2000 Ahmad Behbahani told a 60 Minutes journalist from a refugee camp in Turkey that he proposed the Pan Am operation and coordinated the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia. In 2001 13 Saudis and one Lebanese man were indicted for the bombing that killed 19 American airmen and wounded nearly 400 others. In 2006 a US judge ruled that Iran financed the bombing and owes families of those killed $254 million.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A22)(SFEC, 4/13/97, p.A14)(WSJ, 10/5/99, p.A10)(SFC, 10/12/99, p.C16)(SFC, 6/5/00, p.A9)(SFC, 6/22/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 12/23/06, p.A1)
1996        Jun 25, Later reports said that Osama bin Laden, an exiled Saudi billionaire, bankrolled the bombing of the US base that killed 19 US servicemen. He was an advocate of strict Islamic rule and had said that he would campaign to overthrow the Saudi royal family. He had lived in the Sudan for 5 1/2 years and recently moved to Afghanistan and was accepted by the Taliban. In 1998 a senior Saudi official absolved Iran of any involvement in the bombing. In 2000 it was reported that the Bin Laden family firm was awarded the contract to rebuild the Khobar Towers.
    (SFC, 3/7/97, p.A17)(SFC, 5/23/98, p.A12)(SFC, 11/18/00, p.A12)
1996        Jun 25, A report stated that China had declared that foreign movies on TV can’t run for more than 36 minutes between 6 and 10 p.m.
    (WSJ, 6/25/96, p.A11)
1996        Jun 25, Yeltsin fired 7 top generals and ordered a pullout from Chechnya.
    (WSJ, 6/26/96, p.A1)

1997        Jun 25, It was reported that a man from Rio Vista, Ca., was doing a good business selling the moon’s real estate. Dennis Hope was charging $15.99 for 1,777 acres of lunar land plus tax and shipping.
    (SFC, 6/25/97, p.A15)
1997        Jun 25, The Supreme Court struck down the 1993 Religious Freedom Restoration Act. It said Congress had intruded on the authority of local officials. The legislation had instructed government officials to bend the rules for persons whose actions are based on their religion.
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A3)(AP, 6/25/98)
1997        Jun 25, An unmanned cargo vessel crashed in the Russian Mir space station during a docking practice knocking out half of the station's power and rupturing a pressurized laboratory. The area was sealed off and the situation was considered serious for the 3 astronauts onboard. Commander Vasily Tsibliev later faced a risky repair mission and complained of heart irregularities.
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A1)(SFC, 7/15/97, p.A10)(AP, 6/25/98)
1997        Jun 25, An auction of Princess Diana’s 79 cocktail and evening dresses brought in $3.26 million.
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A1)
1997        Jun 25, Oceanographer Jacques-Yves Cousteau (b.1910) died in Paris. In 2009 Brad Matsen authored “Jacques Cousteau: The Sea King."
    (AP, 6/25/98)(Econ, 10/31/09, p.97)
1997        Jun 25, In the Republic of the Congo the truce ended in a ferocious battle for the Brazzaville airport. Former president Nguesso appeared to have begun an assault on the airport.
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A7)
1997        Jun 25, In Indonesia East Timor rebel leader, Alex, died of gunshot wounds in Dili. Rebels charged that he was only slightly wounded and died under interrogation.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A11)
1997        Jun 25, On the island of Montserrat the Soufriere Hills volcano spewed rock and hot ash and killed 9 people while 17 were reported missing.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A11,12)

1998        Jun 25, Pres. Clinton landed in Xian, China. In Zhejiang province democracy activists announced the formation of the China Democracy Party. Some of the organizers were later arrested and jailed.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A1)(SFC, 7/13/98, p.A8)
1998        Jun 25, The Supreme Court rejected a 1997 line-item veto law as unconstitutional, and ruled that those infected with HIV are protected by the Americans With Disabilities Act.
    (AP, 6/25/99)
1998        Jun 25, Susan McDougal was ordered free by a federal judge in Little Rock, who reduced her sentence to the time already served.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 25, The US Supreme Court struck down the line-tem veto. It held that the law violated the constitutional requirement that legislation be passed by both houses and presented in its entirety to the president.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 25, The US Supreme Court ruled that “decency" can be considered in awarding federal arts grants.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 25, A planet, 1.9 times bigger than Jupiter, was reported found to be circling the small star Gliese 876, 15 light-years from Earth.
    (SFC, 6/25/98, p.A5)
1998        Jun 25, On Kauai, Ha., a helicopter crash killed at least 5 of 6 people on Mount Waialeale.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 25, Albanian security personnel (SHIK) under CIA guidance arrested Shawki Salama Attiya, a Tirana cell forger. Over the next month they made a successful raids on more suspected members of the Egyptian Jihad terrorist organization. The suspected terrorists were turned over to anti-terrorist officials in Egypt, where they delivered forced confessions following torture.
    (SFC, 8/13/98, p.A16)(WSJ, 11/20/01, p.A1)
1998        Jun 25, In Algeria Lounes Matoub (42), a popular singer and Berber patriot, was killed near Beni Douala. The Armed Islamic Group later claimed responsibility.
    (SFC, 6/27/98, p.A13)(SFC, 7/2/98, p.C2)
1998        Jun 25, In Indonesia a revised IMF bailout deal was loaded with fuel and food subsidies for the nation’s poor.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.D2)
1998        Jun 25, In Indonesia it was reported that two new tribes were found in the Mamberamo river area of Irian Jaya.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.D2)
1998        Jun 25, In Northern Ireland voters chose members for the new 108-seat Northern Ireland Assembly. Parties committed to the peace settlement emerged as victors. Anti-agreement forces accounted for 29 of the 108 seats.
    (SFC, 4/23/98, p.A12)(SFC, 6/26/98, p.A12)(SFC, 6/27/98, p.A10)
1998        Jun 25, Two Israeli soldiers were killed in southern Lebanon by a roadside bomb and seriously wounded 3. Meanwhile the government traded the corpses of 40 Lebanese guerrillas and the release of 60 Lebanese prisoners for the body of Itamar Ilya, a commando killed on Sep 5, 1997.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A16)
1998        Jun 25, Nigeria released 17 more political prisoners.
    (WSJ, 6/26/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 25, Marek Papala (38), former national police chief, was killed in Warsaw as he stepped out of his car outside his home. He was scheduled to be liaison officer to the EU with efforts directed at organized crime. Some 300-400 organized gangs were operating in Poland. Polish officials accused Edward Mazur, who holds Polish and US citizenship, of enticing another man to shoot Papala for $40,000. Mazur faced murder charges in Poland in the shooting death of Papala. In 2006 Mazur remained in the US federal government's Metropolitan Correctional Center in Chicago pending an extradition hearing.
    (SFC, 6/27/98, p.A14)(AP, 11/28/06)
1998        Jun 25, In Puerto Rico protestors planted bombs, smashed bank machines and burned telephone cables in reaction to the privatization of the phone company.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.A2)
1998        Jun 25, In Romania the Senate voted to keep some 125 million secret police files locked away.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.D2)
1998        Jun 25, In Russia a balcony collapsed at the Russian National Freestyle wrestling Competition in Nalchik and killed 22 people.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.D2)
1998        Jun 25, The Vatican agreed to sign a joint declaration with the Lutheran Church on how humans receive God’s forgiveness and salvation.
    (SFC, 6/26/98, p.D2)

1999        Jun 25, The San Antonio Spurs won their first NBA title as they beat the New York Knicks 78-77 in their 5th game.
    (SFC, 6/26/99, p.E1)(AP, 6/25/00)
1999        Jun 25, During a news conference, President Clinton said the people of Serbia had to “get out of denial" about the atrocities blamed on Slobodan Milosevic and decide if he was fit to remain president of Yugoslavia.
    (AP, 6/25/00)
1999        Jun 25, US Marines killed one person following an attack southeast of Pristina.
    (SFC, 6/26/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 25, Eritrea and Ethiopia began new fighting on their western front.
    (SFC, 6/26/99, p.A16)
1999        Jun 25, In Germany the parliament authorized a national Holocaust memorial designed by Peter Eisenman of New York. The design featured 2,700 close-set concrete pillars on a plot of about 100 sq. yards in Berlin.
    (SFC, 6/26/99, p.A11)
1999        Jun 25, In Nigeria representatives of the Ijaw, Itsekiri and Urhobo ethnic groups agreed to end ethnic strife and pursue a lasting peace through dialogue.
    (SFC, 6/26/99, p.A16)

2000        Jun 25, Juli Inkster became the first player in 16 years to successfully defend the LPGA Championship.
    (AP, 6/25/01)
2000        Jun 25, The Broadway show “Cats" was scheduled to close after 7397 performances. It was extended to September.
    (SFEC, 5/7/00, Par p.30)(SFC, 9/11/00, p.F4)
2000        Jun 25, The US Green party nominated Ralph Nader as its presidential candidate with running mate Winona LaDuke, an Ojibwe activist from Minnesota.
    (SFC, 6/26/00, p.A3)
2000        Jun 25, Philip Morris announced it was buying Nabisco for $14.9 billion.
    (AP, 6/25/01)
2000        Jun 25, In Japan Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori’s LDP lost power to its coalition partners in parliamentary elections. The coalition won 271 of 480 seats in the lower house.
    (SFC, 6/26/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 25, In Puerto Rico US Navy bombing in Vieques resumed with nonexplosive dummy bombs after 37 demonstrators were arrested. A fatal accident had prompted a yearlong occupation by protesters.
    (WSJ, 6/26/00, p.A1)(SFC, 6/28/00, p.A3)(AP, 6/25/01)
2000        Jun 25, South Korea marked the 50th anniversary of the start of the Korean Conflict.
    (AP, 6/25/01)
2000        Jun 25, In Kuwait a refinery explosion at the Mina al-Ahmedi plant killed 5 people and closed the largest of the 3 oil processing facilities.
    (WSJ, 6/26/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/28/00, p.A1)
2000        cJun 25, Montenegro told the UN that it no longer wants to be represented by Yugoslavia.
    (WSJ, 6/26/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 25, In Poland a 3-day world Forum on Democracy in Warsaw was sponsored by the NY-based Freedom House and the Warsaw-based Stefan Batory Foundation.
    (SFEC, 6/25/00, p.A9)
2000        Jun 25, In Russia the military declared that air and artillery attacks in Chechnya had been suspended. The next day the Kremlin said that attacks would continue.
    (SFC, 6/26/00, p.A10)
2000        Jun 25, In Zimbabwe EU observers said the voting in parliamentary elections was “not free or fair."
    (WSJ, 6/26/00, p.A1)

2001        Jun 25, In NYC the UN General Assembly convened for a special 3-day session on AIDS.
    (SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A12)(SFC, 6/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 25, In Chechnya Russia claimed to have killed Arbi Barayev, a top Chechen rebel commander, in a week-long offensive near Grozny. At least 17 rebels were killed. Movladi Udagov, a Chechen leader, said 150 federal soldiers were killed along with 60 civilians from a massive Russian bombardment.
    (WSJ, 6/25/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/26/01, p.A9)
2001        Jun 25, In China Typhoon Chebi killed 73 people in Fujian province and left 83 missing. Damage was estimated at $425 million.
    (WSJ, 6/26/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/01, p.D3)
2001        Jun 25, In southern Iraq a US Navy fighter jet attacked an anti-aircraft site in response to artillery fire.
    (SFC, 6/26/01, p.C2)
2001        Jun 25, In Skopje, Macedonia, rioting erupted after US troops escorted rebels away from the capital.
    (WSJ, 6/27/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 25, In Mexico some 300 police officers arrested 13 members of the leftist House of the People. They were suspected to be connected to the Apr 19 slaying of 8 peasants of the Fray Bartolome Alliance.
    (SFC, 6/26/01, p.C2)
2001        Jun 25, Vladimiro Montesinos, the former Peruvian spy chief, was flown from Venezuela to Lima.
    (SFC, 6/26/01, p.A8)
2001        Jun 25, The June 23 Peru earthquake was revised to 8.1 magnitude with the death toll at 102.
    (WSJ, 6/26/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/27/01, p.D3)
2001        Jun 25, In Ukraine Pope John Paul II planned to visit Babi Yar where some 200,000 Jews and other Nazi victims are buried. Pope John Paul II visited Babi Yar, the site of a Nazi massacre of at least 100,000 Jews. [see 1941]
    (SFC, 6/25/01, p.A8)(WSJ, 6/26/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 25, Jun 25, Yugoslavia asked a court to let Milosevic be extradited to the Hague for was UN war crimes trial.
    (WSJ, 6/26/01, p.A1)

2002        Jun 25, President Bush surveyed a huge wildfire in Arizona by air and declared the region a disaster area.
    (AP, 6/25/03)
2002        Jun 25, A federal judge in Alexandria, Va., refused to accept a no-contest plea from Zacarias Moussaoui, accused of conspiracy in the Sept. 11 attacks, and instead entered an innocent plea on his behalf.
    (AP, 6/25/03)
2002        Jun 25, The Defense Department told Congress it planned to supply the Canadian navy with Raytheon Co. -built SM-2 Standard surface-to-air missiles and related gear valued at up to $19 million.
    (Reuters, 6/26/02)
2002        Jun 25, The WHO reported that experts investigating a possible outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus in Republic of Congo have found four suspected cases in neighboring Gabon.
    (AP, 625/02)
2002        Jun 25, In Vancouver, Canada, it was reported that investigators had found the remains of four more women at a pig farm linked to what is feared to be one of North America's largest serial killing cases.
    (Reuters, 6/26/02)
2002        Jun 25, Israeli soldiers stormed the fortress-like Palestinian headquarters in the city of Hebron, occupying the seventh of eight main West Bank centers. Palestinian security officials said four policemen were killed.
    (AP, 6/25/02)
2002        Jun 25, Malaysia's ruling party said on Tuesday Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, one of Asia's longest-serving leaders, will hand power to his deputy late next year in a move investors praised as an orderly transition.
    (Reuters, 6/25/02)
2002        Jun 25, In Morocco authorities have arrested three more people in a widening investigation into the Moroccan tendrils of al-Qaida, bringing the number of suspects held here to 10, including three Saudis.
    (AP, 6/25/02)   
2002        Jun 25, Three American mountain climbers were swept away by an avalanche on Peru's highest peak and are feared dead.
    (AP, 6/25/02)
2002        Jun 25, South Africa's parliament passed a landmark bill aimed at transforming the country's mining industry by giving the government control of mineral rights.
    (AP, 6/26/02)

2003        Jun 25, The US Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates by one-quarter percent. The new 1% rate was the lowest since 1958.
    (BS, 6/26/03, 1A)
2003        Jun 25, The music industry threatened to sue hundreds of individual computer users who were illegally sharing music files online.
    (AP, 6/25/04)
2003        Jun 25, Lester Maddox (87), segregationist and former Georgia governor (1967-1970), died in Atlanta.
    (BS, 6/26/03, 5A)(AP, 6/25/08)
2003        Jun 25, An Australian military spokesman said the army will kill as many as 15,000 kangaroos to keep a southeastern army base from being overgrazed.
    (AP, 6/25/03)
2003        Jun 25, The Malaysia Parliament passed a post secondary school National Service Bill to encourage nation building by integrating participants in a state-run summer camp.
    (Econ, 10/23/04, p.44)
2003        Jun 25, Three Palestinian militant groups agreed to halt attacks on Israel for 3 months.
    (BS, 6/26/03, 1A)
2003        Jun 25, Yemeni troops killed at least 6 Islamic militants during an attack on a mountain hideout following failed negotiations.
    (SFC, 6/26/03, p.A10)

2004        Jun 25, Pres. Bush stopped in Ireland to meet with EU leaders, while on his way to Turkey for a summit with NATO leaders. Thousands of protesters demonstrated against his actions in Iraq.
    (SFC, 6/26/04, p.A3)
2004        Jun 25, Jack Ryan (44), US Republican Senate candidate from Illinois, pulled out of the race following the disclosure of details from his 1999 divorce from TV actress Jeri Ryan.
    (SSFC, 6/27/04, p.A5)
2004        Jun 25, In southern Afghanistan suspected Taliban gunmen sprayed a van with bullets after finding that occupants had registered to vote. some 10-16 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/28/04, p.A6)(AP, 6/25/05)
2004        Jun 25, Australia's government decided to cover most of the outside of cigarette packages with graphic images showing the physical damage caused by smoking.
    (AFP, 6/25/04)
2004        Jun 25, The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) agreed to and signed the National Water Initiative (NWI) to improve water management across the country.
    (www.pmc.gov.au/nwi/index.cfm)
2004        Jun 25, US air strikes hit Fallujah and up to 25 people were killed. Al-Sadr announced a unilateral cease fire.
    (SFC, 6/26/04, p.A13)
2004        Jun 25-2004 Jun 27, Ugandan rebels (LRA) in southern Sudan unleashed a two-day campaign of arson, looting and murder, killing 100 villagers and forcing 15,000 others to flee their homes.
    (AP, 7/9/04)

2005        Jun 25, Gov. Rod Blagojevich signed a new state law that requires Illinois to divest about $1 billion worth of pension investments in companies that do business in Sudan to protest the ongoing humanitarian crisis in the country's Darfur region.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, The NAACP selected retired Verizon executive Bruce S. Gordon to be its new president.
    (AP, 6/25/06)
2005        Jun 25, A shark attack near Pensacola, Florida, killed a girl (14).
    (WSJ, 6/27/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 25, Afghan forces found the bodies of 76 suspected militants killed during a barrage of their camps by Afghan and US forces. In all, a total of 178 militants were killed and 56 suspected insurgents have been captured since Jun 21.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, In northern Afghanistan a massive explosion at a weapons dump near an airfield killed five Afghans and two German soldiers.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, Algerian militant Amari Saifi, a leader of the al-Qaida-linked Salafist Group for Call and Combat, was sentenced in absentia to life in prison for helping to create a terror group. He was considered the mastermind of the 2003 kidnapping of 32 European tourists in the Sahara desert.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, Bulgarians voted in general elections. The ex-communist Socialist party was expected to see the Socialists topple ex-king PM Simeon Saxe-Coburg and take over the tough task of steering the country into the EU in 2007.
    (Reuters, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, In southern China thousands of students rioted at Jiujiang Institute, a university jointly run by the military, to protest high university fees, overcrowded dorms and unappealing cafeteria food.
    (AP, 7/2/05)
2005        Jun 25, In Colombia leftist rebels killed at least 25 soldiers in two clashes.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, In Dagestan, Russia, 4 explosions aimed at police vehicles and transportation links, including one that derailed a cargo train, wounded eight people.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, India said police forces have destroyed one of the largest Myanmarese rebel bases in India, deep in the mountainous jungles of the remote northeast. Some 200 guerrillas and supporters living in the Chin National Army camp fled before the attack.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, Gujarat's chief minister said Gujarat Petroleum Corp (GSPC) has made the India’s biggest gas discovery 20 trillion cubic feet, worth $50 billion off the southeast coast.
    (AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, Tehran Mayor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was declared the winner of Iran's presidential runoff election. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said he seeks to make his country a "modern, advanced, powerful, and Islamic" model for the world.
    (AP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, Mohammed Al-Sumaidaie (21), a university student, was killed when he took Marines doing house-to-house searches to a bedroom to show them where a rifle which had no live ammunition was kept. When the Marines left, he was found in the bedroom with a bullet in his neck. Iraq's UN ambassador later accused U.S. Marines of killing his unarmed young cousin in what appeared to be "cold blood" and demanded an investigation and punishment for the perpetrators.
    (AP, 7/2/05)
2005        Jun 25, A suicide car bomber blew himself up outside an Iraqi police officer's home north of Baghdad, killing at least six people and wounding at least a dozen. 3 evening mortar rounds struck a crowded cafe in a predominantly Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad, killing 5 civilians and wounding 7.
    (AP, 6/25/05)(AP, 6/26/05)
2005        Jun 25, In Kenya 24 people were killed after drinking an illegal brew laced with industrial alcohol. By the next day death toll climbed to 49 with 174 people hospitalized.
    (AP, 6/26/05)(SFC, 6/27/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 25, Rebels in Sudan's remote east urged the world's media to come and see damage in civilian areas that they say was caused by government bombing. They said the bombing began in the Barka Valley on June 23 and resulted in a large but unknown number of civilian casualties who filled hospitals in Port Sudan and the town of Tokar.
    (AFP, 6/25/05)
2005        Jun 25, Taiwan reimposed a ban on imports of American beef after the US confirmed its second case of mad cow disease.
    (AP, 6/25/05)

2006        Jun 25, SF celebrated its 36th annual Pride Parade. Some 200 groups passed before hundreds of thousands of spectators.
    (SFC, 6/26/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 25, In Denver, Colorado, Michael Ford burst into a sprawling Safeway Inc. warehouse, killing one person, wounding five others and sending terrified workers fleeing the building. The attacker was later killed in a shootout with police.
    (AP, 6/26/06)
2006        Jun 25, Dr. Robert Scarborough (b.1953), a leading researcher in heart drugs, died of brain cancer. He led the development of Natrecor, used for acute heart failure, and Integrillin, used for the prevention of heart attacks.
    (SFC, 8/1/06, p.B5)
2006        Jun 25, Actress Nicole Kidman married country music star Keith Urban in Sydney, Australia.
    (AP, 6/25/07)
2006        Jun 25, It was reported that Iran had purchased 800 high-caliber sniper rifles made by Steyr Mannlicher, an Austrian firm.
    (SSFC, 6/25/06, Par p.7)
2006        Jun 25, Arcelor, based in Luxembourg, accepted Mittal Steel's 27-billion-euro ($34 billion) partnership offer. The new group, would be owned 50.6% by Arcelor shareholders and 49.4% by those of Mittal, of which 43% would be controlled by the Mittal family of India.
    (AP, 6/26/06)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.56)
2006        Jun 25, In Afghanistan a coalition soldier was fatally wounded during combat operations in the Pech district of Kunar province. Pfc. Justin R. Davis (19) of Gaithersburg, Md., died in eastern Kunar province when he came in contact with indirect fire while on patrol during combat operations.
    (AP, 6/26/06)(AP, 7/1/06)
2006        Jun 25, Algerian soldiers launched a major assault on a hideout of Islamic insurgents, killing 19 militants, including the regional emir, Merouani (40).
    (AP, 6/26/06)
2006        Jun 25, In southern China flash flooding caused by torrential rain in Hunan province killed at least 21 people with another 6 missing.
    (AP, 6/25/06)(AP, 6/30/06)
2006        Jun 25, PM Nouri al-Maliki offered an olive branch to insurgents who join in rebuilding Iraq and that lawmakers should set a timeline for the Iraqi military and police to take control of security nationwide. Maliki presented a 24-point national reconciliation plan to parliament aimed at stemming sectarian tensions and violence. An al-Qaida-linked group posted a Web video showing the killings of 3 Russian embassy workers abducted earlier this month in Iraq. A fourth also was said to have been killed.
    (AP, 6/25/06)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.42)
2006        Jun 25, Hamas militants infiltrated southern Israel through a tunnel from the Gaza Strip and attacked a tank with bombs and grenades, killing two crew members and kidnapping a third. Gilad Shalit (19), an Israeli corporal, was kidnapped. Israeli military officials said seven or eight militants crossed under a border fence through a tunnel that extended 300 yards inside Israel. Soldiers shot dead three gunmen. 3 groups claimed responsibility: the Islamic Army, the Popular Resistance Committees (PRC) and the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas.
    (AP, 6/25/06)(Econ, 7/1/06, p.41)
2006        Jun 25, Italians voted in a constitutional referendum on whether to give regions more clout and shift power to the premier to encourage more stability in a country that has had 61 governments since World War II.
    (AP, 6/24/06)
2006        Jun 25, Mauritanians voted overwhelmingly to limit presidential terms in a referendum aimed at ensuring they get a change of leadership at least once every 10 years.
    (AP, 6/26/06)
2006        Jun 25, In Morocco police reported that 4 men were arrested in Rabat in connection with the February 22 theft of more than 53 million pounds from a Kent cash depot, considered Britain's biggest ever bank robbery.
    (AFP, 6/26/06)
2006        Jun 25, Two Filipino oil workers, kidnapped in Nigeria's southern oil delta, were released after five days in captivity.
    (AP, 6/25/06)
2006        Jun 25, Sudan suspended the work of all UN missions in Darfur except for UNICEF and the World Food Program, in response to the use of a UN helicopter to transport a rebel leader.
    (AP, 6/26/06)
2006        Jun 25, An explosion in the popular Turkish Mediterranean resort town of Antalya killed three people and injured about 25 others.
    (AP, 6/25/06)

2007        Jun 25, First Lady Laura Bush arrived in Senegal to start a four-nation Africa tour that is expected to focus on how the US can help fight AIDS on a continent where many countries struggle to even provide basic health care.
    (AP, 6/26/07)
2007        Jun 25, Robert Zoellick won unanimous approval of the World Bank's board to become the institution's next president.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2007        Jun 25, Lt. Col. Bruce D. Hopfengardner (46), a former US Army Reserve officer, was sentenced to nearly two years in prison for helping steer millions of dollars in Iraq-reconstruction contracts in exchange for jewelry, computers, cigars and sexual favors.
    (AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 25, A Washington DC judge rejected a lawsuit by Roy Pearson, who sought $54 million for a pair of pants lost by the Custom Cleaners dry cleaning firm in 2005. Pearson’s claim had been reduced from $67 million.
    (SFC, 6/26/07, p.A3)
2007        Jun 25, In Utah police recaptured Curtis Allgier (27) after he wrested a gun from a corrections officer Stephen Anderson, killed him and fled in a stolen SUV.
    (SFC, 6/26/07, p.A4)
2007        Jun 25, In California a forest fire raged out of control for a 2nd day near Lake Tahoe. The 7-day Angora fire destroyed 254 homes burning 3,100 acres with damages estimated at over $150 million.
    (SFC, 6/26/07, p.A1)(SFC, 6/30/07, p.A1)(SFC, 6/21/08, p.A1)
2007        Jun 25, Chris Benoit (40), a professional wrestling superstar, was found dead alongside the bodies of his wife and retarded son (7) in Fayetteville, Georgia. Police treated the case as a possible murder-suicide. Anabolic steroids thought to be a contributing factor. The Canadian-born wrestler won the world heavyweight championship in 2004. Doctors later reported that Chris Benoit had injected steroids not long before he died.
    (Reuters, 6/26/07)(SFC, 6/28/07, p.A4)(Reuters, 7/17/07)
2007        Jun 25, Police and soldiers began deploying to outback Australia as part of a radical plan to end child sex abuse in Aboriginal communities which has been criticized as a return to the nation's paternalistic past.
    (AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 25, The final British troops withdrew from the Northern Ireland borderland long known as "bandit country," ending a 37-year mission to keep watch over the Irish Republican Army's most dangerous power base.
    (AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 25, A charter plane carrying 22 people between two popular Cambodian tourist destinations crashed in a mountainous region in the south of the country. All aboard were killed.
    (AP, 6/25/07)(AP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 25, In Cairo a state security court sentenced Mohammed Sayed Saber (35), an Egyptian nuclear engineer, to life in prison after convicting him of spying for Israel. He had been charged with harming the country's national security by giving stolen documents to Mossad, the Israeli intelligence agency, in exchange for $17,000.
    (AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 25, Frontex, the EU's external border agency, kicked off a new series of patrols in the Mediterranean coastal area, known as operation Nautilus, in order to halt the influx of illegal immigrants, crossing over from North Africa to Europe. Many migrants aimed to reach Malta as a stepping stone to Italy and Europe.
    (www.eubusiness.com/Malta/1181678401.8/)(Econ, 6/23/07, p.59)
2007        Jun 25, In India police arrested Dr. K. Murugesan and his physician wife, the parents of Dhileepan Raj, who supervised their son while he allegedly performed the Caesarean section.
    (AP, 6/26/07)
2007        Jun 25, A suicide bomber apparently targeting a meeting of US-allied Sunni sheiks penetrated layers of security and blew himself up in a hotel lobby, killing 13 people including 4 sheiks. The poet Rahim al-Maliki, who wrote about his dreams of Iraqi unity in a place where such appeals are drowned out by daily bombings, was among those killed as a wave of suicide and other bombings left at least 54 people dead across Iraq. A US soldier shot to death in south Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/26/07)(SFC, 6/26/07, p.A17)(AP, 6/25/08)
2007        Jun 25, Israel's PM Ehud Olmert promised to free 250 Palestinian prisoners and to improve life in the West Bank in an attempt to boost Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas after Hamas' takeover in Gaza. Olmert made the pledges at a summit in this Egyptian Red Sea resort with Abbas and the leaders of Egypt and Jordan. Hamas militants posted an audio message from an Israeli soldier captured a year ago at an army base near the Gaza Strip, the first sign of life from the young serviceman since he was seized. In a new video kidnapped British journalist Alan Johnston appeared with what he says are explosives strapped to his body and warned that his captors intend to set them off if rescuers attempt to free him by force.
    (AP, 6/25/07)(AP, 6/26/07)   
2007        Jun 25, Ayman al-Zawahri, Al-Qaida's deputy leader, called on Muslims around the world to back Hamas with weapons, money and attacks on US and Israeli interests in a Web audiotape, urging the Palestinian militant group to unite with al-Qaida's "holy warriors" after its takeover of Gaza.
    (AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 25, Mexico temporarily removed all 284 of its top federal police officers from their jobs and is forcing them to undergo psychological reviews to prove they will not be corrupted in the fight against drug trafficking.
    (AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 25, In the Netherlands former Liberian president Charles Taylor boycotted the resumption of his war crimes trial.
    (AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 25, In Nigeria 2 youth activists were killed in a clash between two rival groups in southern Nigerian Rivers State.
    (AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 25, In the Philippines Vicente Sumalpong, a reporter at a government-run radio station, was fatally shot on southern Tawi Tawi island, the latest victim in a string of killings of journalists.
    (AP, 6/25/07)
2007        Jun 25, Puerto Rico's Gov. Anibal Acevedo Vila acknowledged that he is the target of a US grand jury investigation into campaign finances, a revelation further jeopardizing his bid for re-election.
    (AP, 6/26/07)
2007        Jun 25, A Swedish court ruled that convicted sex offenders are free to read pornography in their cells. It said the country's prison system had no right to deny an imprisoned rapist access to his porn magazines.
    (www.thelocal.se/7699/20070625/)
2007        Jun 25, The Thai government said it will freeze an additional $147 million in assets believed to be controlled by ousted PM Thaksin Shinawatra.
    (AP, 6/26/07)

2008        Jun 25, The US Supreme Court ruled the death penalty cannot be imposed for child rape, its first decision in more than 30 years on whether a crime other than murder can be punished by execution. It struck down a Louisiana law that allowed the execution of people convicted of a raping a child.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, The US Supreme Court overturned the $2.5 billion in punitive damages that Exxon Mobil Corp had been ordered to pay for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill off Alaska. Punitive damages were reduced to $507.5 million.
    (AP, 6/25/08)(Econ, 5/22/10, p.68)
2008        Jun 25, Jerry Brown, California’s attorney general, sued Countrywide Financial for unfair business practices relating to home loan mortgages. Lisa Madigan, the attorney general of Illinois, also filed suit against Countrywide, which is being acquired by Bank of America. The Washington State Dept. of Financial Institutions filed an administrative action against Countrywide alleging discriminatory lending practices.
    (SFC, 6/26/08, p.C1)(WSJ, 6/26/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 25, In western Kentucky employee Wesley N. Higdon (25) shot and killed a supervisor and four others after an argument at a plastics plant in Henderson in a rampage just after midnight that ended in suicide.
    (AP, 6/25/08)(AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 25, In Cleveland, Ohio, 3 teenagers beat a homeless man to death as passers-by slowed to watch the attack, some of which was caught on videotape. Anthony Waters (42) suffered a lacerated spleen and broken ribs during the attack and died at a hospital.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 25, Brooke Bennett of Braintree, Vermont, disappeared and was found dead on July 2. Federal prosecutors later charged Michael Jacques (42) with drugging, sexually assaulting and killing his 12-year-old niece. Prosecutors also said that he coerced another girl into aiding his plot by claiming to be part of a child-sex club that sometimes selected girls for "termination."
    (AP, 10/1/08)
2008        Jun 25, In Afghanistan US-led air strikes killed 22 Taliban militants who attacked two towns with rockets in Paktika province. In Helmand province a soldier in the US-led coalition was killed and three others were wounded when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Dozens of Belarusian news Web sites filled their pages with grim black banners to protest a new media law that will severely restrict the last source of independent information in the repressive ex-Soviet state.
    (AP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 25, Queen Elizabeth II conferred a knighthood on "The Satanic Verses" author Salman Rushdie, a year after the announcement of the knighthood provoked protests from the Muslim world.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, China re-opened Tibet to foreign tourists after claiming victory over the worst unrest there in decades -- which led Beijing to all but seal off the area from the outside world.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, The International Crisis Group think tank said Guinea's "main problem is president Lansana Conte," regarding the situation in the West African nation shaken by army and police protests.
    (AFP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, In India several commanders of a leading separatist group in the restive northeast announced a cease-fire and called for an end to their 30-year rebellion.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Iran condemned as a "disgrace" the decision by Britain to lift a ban on the main Iranian armed opposition group, the People's Mojehedin Organization of Iran (PMOI).
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Iraqi police reported 14 Shiite gunmen were arrested after fighting south of the capital. US soldiers in Baghdad killed 3 alleged gunmen who had reportedly fired on an American convoy that had stopped along the side of the road just west of the city's airport. Hospital officials identified the 3 people as a manager and 2 female bank employees. On July 27 the US military acknowledged that soldiers had killed 3 law abiding citizens. Outside Tikrit 6 people were killed in a farmhouse that was destroyed by a US airstrike.
    (AP, 6/25/08)(SFC, 6/26/08, p.A10)(SFC, 7/28/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 25, Police in Muslim-majority Indian Kashmir fought running battles with protesters for the third consecutive day as anger mounted over the provision of land to Hindu pilgrims.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, In Mexico state police spokesman Cesar Ramirez said 20 people have been killed in less than three days in the border city of Ciudad Juarez. Guerrero state authorities agreed to pay 490,000 pesos (US$48,000) in compensation to 14 indigenous Mexican men coerced into having vasectomies. The men said that state health workers showed up in the southern village of El Camalote in 1998 and demanded that men with more than four children must have vasectomies.
    (AP, 6/25/08)(AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 25, Seven indigenous Maori tribes signed New Zealand's largest-ever settlement over grievances arising from 19th century losses of lands, forests and fisheries during European settlement of the country.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Nigeria's National Bureau of Statistics said the inflation rate rose in May to 9.7 percent from 8.2 percent the previous month, driven by increases in the cost of food and household items. Witnesses said at least six people have been killed over four days of fighting between rival militant gangs in southern oil-rich Bayelsa state.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, In northwest Pakistan the bullet-riddled bodies of at least 22 captives were found along the Tank-Jandola road. Militants loyal to Taliban leader Baitullah Mehsud had taken captives from a rival, pro-government faction, headed by Turkistan Bitani in fighting that began on June 23.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Saudi officials said authorities have arrested hundreds of suspected al-Qaida-linked militants this year. Some of those arrested are suspected of plotting attacks against the kingdom's oil and economic installations. Of the 701 arrested 181 were released because there was no proof linking them to the terror network.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, In South Africa striking local police opened fire on officers from South Africa's national force when they tried to stop them from blocking roads in Johannesburg. Patients with drug-resistant forms of the disease went on a rampage to protest prison-like conditions at the Jose Pearson hospital, near the coastal city of Port Elizabeth, which treats about 300 patients.
    (AFP, 6/26/08)(AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 25, Spain's parliament voiced its support for the rights of great apes to life and freedom in what will apparently be the first time any national legislature has called for such rights for non-humans.
    (Reuters, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, In northern Sri Lanka at least 69 Tiger rebels and two soldiers were killed in the last 2 days in heavy fighting where security forces wrested more territory from the guerrillas.
    (AFP, 6/26/08)
2008        Jun 25, Swedish car maker Volvo, a unit of US auto giant Ford, said it planned to cut 2,000 jobs worldwide, most of them in Sweden.
    (AFP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, A senior UN atomic inspector said an initial probe of US allegations that a Syrian site hit by Israeli warplanes was a secretly built nuclear reactor is inconclusive and further checks are necessary.
    (AP, 6/25/08)
2008        Jun 25, Zimbabwe's opposition leader emerged from his refuge at the Dutch Embassy to call for African leaders to guide talks to end Zimbabwe's crisis, saying a presidential runoff this week was no solution. Morgan Tsvangirai said the goal of the talks would be forming a coalition transitional authority for his country.
    (AP, 6/25/08)

2009        Jun 25, US officials acknowledged that the US organized an arms shipment to the Somali government earlier this month.
    (SFC, 6/26/09, p.A3)
2009        Jun 25, Farrah Fawcett (b.1947), a 1970s sex symbol and TV star of "Charlie's Angels" (1976), died in Santa Monica, Ca. She had spent almost three years in private fighting for her life against cancer. The news came just a month after the airing of "Farrah's Story," a documentary in which she made public her painful treatments and dispiriting setbacks.
    (AP, 6/26/09)
2009        Jun 25, Michael Jackson (b.1958), pop superstar, died at age 50 in Los Angeles. His 1982 album, "Thriller," is the best-selling album of all time, with an estimated 50 million copies sold worldwide. Jackson was awash in about $400 million in debt and on the cusp of a final comeback after well over a decade of scandal. On Aug 28 the office of the LA coroner confirmed that Jackson’s death was ruled a homicide caused by a mixture of propofol and lorazepam administered by Dr. Conrad Murray.
    (AP, 6/26/09)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.A11)(SFC, 8/29/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 25, Scientists reported new evidence that one of Saturn's moons, Enceladus, has an ocean beneath its surface.
    (AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, Antigua's former chief financial regulator surrendered to face US charges that he aided an alleged $7 billion swindle by Texas billionaire R. Allen Stanford.
    (AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva approved a law that could legalize landholdings by some 1 million squatters occupying a Texas-sized chunk of the Amazon rain forest, despite environmentalist fears it will accelerate deforestation.
    (AP, 6/26/09)
2009        Jun 25, The government of East Timor said it plans to establish a national park to protect a bounty of dolphins and whales, some of them endangered species, recently discovered mingling and feeding off its coast.
    (AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, The EU said it will give China up to euro50 million ($70 million) to build a carbon capture and storage plant that will test a technology aimed at limiting climate change.
    (AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, Honduras Pres. Manuel Zelaya said he would ignore a Supreme Court ruling ordering him to reinstate a military chief he fired.
    (SFC, 6/26/09, p.A2)
2009        Jun 25, Iran's opposition leader, Mir Hossein Mousavi, pledged not to withdraw his election challenge despite what he said were attempts to isolate and discredit him, while the declared winner, hard-line Pres. Ahmadinejad, accused US Pres Barack Obama of meddling in Iran's affairs.
    (AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, A bombing at a bus station in a Shiite neighborhood in southwest Baghdad killed at least 7 people and wounded 31 others. Another three bombs and a mortar killed two more people around the capital. At least 3 other bombs exploded in the country as US forces prepared to withdraw from Iraqi cities by June 30.
    (AP, 6/25/09)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.A3)
2009        Jun 25, Israeli and Palestinian defense officials said Israel has granted US-trained Palestinian security forces greater autonomy in four major West Bank cities. Bowing to pressure from Washington Israeli officials said the army would now reduce its presence in Qalqilya, Bethlehem, Jericho and Ramallah.
    (AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, In Italy foreign ministers of the industrialized Group of Eight gathered for a 3-day meeting in Trieste. Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini said he hoped delegates from the US, Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Canada, Japan and Russia will condemn the crackdown in Iran and urge a recount.
    (AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, Kyrgyzstan's parliament unanimously approved a deal allowing the US to continue using an air base crucial to military operations in Afghanistan, sharply shifting course months after ordering American forces out by August. President Kurmanbek Bakiyev signed the agreement into law in early July.
    (AP, 6/25/09)(AP, 7/7/09)
2009        Jun 25, In Mexico’s northern state of Sonora, assailants opened fire on a car carrying a congressional candidate for Calderon's National Action Party, or PAN, killing two people who were with the candidate.
    (AP, 6/27/09)
2009        Jun 25, In Namibia Russian Pres. Dmitry Medvedev called for boosting trade ties with Namibia, at the start of the first-ever visit by a Kremlin chief to the southern African nation. Pres. Hifikepunye Pohamba said his nation was also keen to strengthen cooperation and build a durable economic partnership.
    (AFP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, Nigerian rebels said that they carried out a pre-dawn attack against Royal Dutch Shell facilities in a warning to Russia not to invest in the country's oil and gas industry. Later in the day the main militant group blew up a well-head in a Royal Dutch Shell (RDSa.L) oil field in Delta state, hours after President Umaru Yar'Adua announced an amnesty offer for gunmen.
    (AFP, 6/25/09)(Reuters, 6/26/09)
2009        Jun 25, Tens of thousands of North Koreans shouted slogans to denounce international sanctions at a rally in central Pyongyang, as the communist country vowed to enlarge its atomic arsenal and warned of a "fire shower of nuclear retaliation" in the event of a US attack.
    (AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, Pakistan's PM Gilani told Washington's visiting top security adviser that the US must halt drone attacks on its soil, after they killed dozens of people in the northwest.
    (AFP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, Russia's Supreme Court overturned the acquittal of three men charged with the 2006 murder of Anna Politkovskaya, a journalist whose reporting on Chechnya directly challenged the country's most powerful leaders.
    (AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, In Somalia in a brazen show of power in Mogadishu, Islamist rebels punished four convicted thieves (ages 18-25) by cutting off a hand and a foot each before hundreds of onlookers who gathered for the bloody spectacle.
    (AP, 6/25/09)
2009        Jun 25, Spanish legislators voted to change a law that let judges indict Osama bin Laden and Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, narrowing its scope to cases with a clear link to this country and yielding to criticism that Spain should not be a global cop.
    (AP, 6/25/09)

2010        Jun 25, President Barack Obama declared victory after congressional negotiators reached a dawn agreement on a sweeping overhaul of rules overseeing Wall Street. The congressional compromise overhauled the US banking system and called for an international effort to prevent future economic meltdowns.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, In Richmond, Va., Quanis Phillips, a co-defendant with Philadelphia Eagles’ QB Michael Vick in a 2007 federal dogfighting charge, died in a shooting. Vick had pleaded guilty to the 2007 charges. Police said Vick has not been ruled out as suspect or person of interest in the shooting which occurred shortly after a birthday party for Vick had ended at a club. An investigation was ongoing. 
    (AP, 7/01/10)
2010        Jun 25, ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, agreed in a meeting to start using Chinese characters for suffixes handed out by Chinese, Hong Kong and Taiwan-based Internet registries. It started allowing Arabic earlier this year.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, In Afghanistan 3 international troops, including 2 American, were reported killed. The bodies of 11 men, some beheaded, were found in Uruzgan province. NATO and Afghan forces in Logar province killed Ghulam Sakhi, a Taliban commander involved in making and deploying IEDs. Afghan and NATO forces also killed several insurgents in an air strike night in the southern province of Zabul.
    (AP, 6/25/10)(AP, 6/26/10)
2010        Jun 25, New Australia PM Julia Gillard pledged to end a mining tax row as soon as possible after spending her first day in power speaking to world leaders and assuring Washington of Canberra's commitment to Afghanistan.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, In Austria the world's largest gold coin has been sold at auction for euro3.27 million ($4 million). The 2007 maple leaf coin with a face value of 1 million Canadian dollars ($960,000) weighed 220 pounds (100 kg) with a diameter of 21 inches (53 cm).
    (AP, 6/26/10)
2010        Jun 25, In Canada G8 leaders gathered for an opening day of talks during which the group failed to resolve a dispute over the proper mix of government spending and deficit reductions needed to keep the global economy on track. Canada’s PM Harper announced that the G8 leaders had pledged to contribute $5 billion over the next five years to an initiative to support health care for mothers and children in poor countries.
    (AP, 6/26/10)
2010        Jun 25, Chinese official said a huge bright green algae bloom is blanketing the sea off China's east coast and wind is driving it closer to land. The current outbreak has nearly doubled in size since it was first spotted June 14 near eastern Shandong province and now measures about 110 square miles (300 square km).
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, In Egypt several thousand people, joined by top opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei, protested what they call authorities' systematic use torture in the largest demonstration yet sparked by the alleged beating death of a young man by police this month.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, In southern France Giuseppe Falsone, an Italian mobster and one of the country's top 30 most wanted fugitives, was arrested in Marseille.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, Georgian police cordoned off the central square in Gori and at night toppled a statue of former Russian dictator George Stalin.
    (Econ, 8/21/10, p.41)
2010        Jun 25, Hong Kong's legislature agreed to add 10 elected seats, completing a set of Beijing-backed electoral changes that critics say reinforce the territory's undemocratic political system.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, India detained a Pakistan-bound cargo ship carrying a "huge quantity" of explosives and other weapons at a harbor in eastern India. Police identified the vessel as the MV Aegean Glory and said it was registered in Panama.
    (AFP, 6/26/10)
2010        Jun 25, In Indonesia 10 people were killed in a fire that ripped through the packed Redboxx Café nightclub in Surabaya in the early hours, including a mother and the baby she apparently gave birth to during the tragedy.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, Israeli warplanes raided the Gaza Strip overnight killing a Palestinian and wounding another.
    (AFP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, Thousands of Italians took to the streets to protest public spending cuts. Demonstrators demanded that PM Berlusconi modify his plan to freeze pubic sector salaries and slash local government funding.
    (SFC, 6/26/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 25, Kyrgyz authorities said they have arrested Sandjar Bakiyev (27), a nephew of deposed President Kurmanbek Bakiyev, and charged him with helping organize the ethnic rioting that tore apart this Central Asian nation's south.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, Macedonian authorities said they have broken up an antiquities smuggling ring and recovered thousands of valuable artifacts. Police charged 2 police officers and a former mayor with attempting to sell antiquities abroad.
    (SFC, 6/26/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 25, Malaysia banned three works of political cartoons that criticize the government, but one of the artists, Zulkifli Anwar Ulhaque (aka Zunar), said he was obligated to highlight issues other cartoonists would not.
    (AP, 6/25/10)
2010        Jun 25, Malaysia's government scrapped a plan to let non-Muslims bet on international sports, bowing to public criticism that it would promote gambling. PM Najib Razak announced authorities have revoked their approval for Ascot Sports, a company linked to Malaysian billionaire Vincent Tan, to run betting on sports.
    (AP, 6/26/10)
2010        Jun 25, In Morocco a 5-day meeting of the International Whaling Commission ended. Native people of Greenland won a long battle to extend their annual whale hunt to humpbacks, overriding objections from conservation-minded members of the IWC. A 2008 investigation showed about one-fourth of the whales the Greenlanders caught were sold on the market in violation of the commission's rules.
    (AP, 6/26/10)
2010        Jun 25, Russian fisheries official Boris Simonov, suspected of accepting bribes, tossed 10 million rubles ($322,000) from his car after a police chase and a crash on a busy Moscow highway. Simonov's boss, Roman Postnikov, who oversaw two Moscow rivers, was arrested on suspicion of forging a contract that allowed a fishing firm operate without the proper documents.
    (Reuters, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 25, In Venezuela it was reported that fish and birds covered with tar-like oil are washing up on the eastern shores of Lake Maracaibo, angering fishermen who fear their livelihood is at stake because of the country's state-run oil company.
    (AP, 6/26/10)

2011        Jun 25, The Lulz Security (LulzSec) group of rogue hackers announced it was disbanding with one last data dump, which included internal AOL Inc and AT&T documents.
    (Reuters, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, George C. Ballas Sr. (85), Houston entrepreneur and inventor of the weed whacker, died.
    (SFC, 6/30/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 25, Afghanistan's political crisis worsened with lawmakers voting to sack the five most senior judicial officials and international consternation growing after a presidential tribunal threw out a quarter of parliament. In the east a suicide bomber blew up a sport utility vehicle outside a small clinic in Logar province, bringing the building down on those inside. At least 38 people were reported killed and 50 wounded.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, An Algerian village was on strike for a second day after a civilian was shot dead by soldiers in error after a bomb attack on June 23.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, Central African Republic President Francois Bozize launched an operation to disarm hundreds of rebels at Bocaranga in the northwest.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 25, China’s PM Wen Jiabao, during a visit to Budapest, announced Beijing would purchase Hungarian government bonds and extend a one-billion-euro credit to the country.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, Egypt’s Finance Minister Samir Radwan said Egypt said it will not borrow from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund after revising its budget and cutting the forecast deficit, even though a loan had been agreed.
    (Reuters, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, An Egyptian court sentenced Rachid Mohammed Rachid, the country's former industry and commerce minister, to five years in prison. Rachid, who was convicted in absentia of embezzling public funds, fled Cairo after the uprising that forced Mubarak from power.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, In Paris tens of thousands turned out for a gay pride parade. In Germany thousands packed downtown Berlin for the 33rd annual CSD (Christopher Street Day) festival, an annual European LGBT celebration and demonstration held in various cities across Europe for the rights of LGBT people.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A10)
2011        Jun 25, In Indonesia a passenger bus plunged from a hill into a trench on Sumatra island, killing 14 people.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, In Iran Pakistani Pres. Asif Ali Zardari and his Afghan counterpart Hamid Karzai attended an international anti-terrorism conference alongside Sudan's Pres. Omar al-Bashir, Iraqi Pres. Jalal Talabani and Tajik Pres. Emomali Rahmon. The presidents of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan agreed to join forces in combating militancy.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(AFP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, Libyan authorities accused NATO of killing 15 people in an airstrike that hit a restaurant and bakery in the east, while the alliance said there were no indications that civilians had died. Two loud explosions were heard in Tripoli as jets flew over the city. The rebel authority said 4 members of Libya's national soccer team and 13 other football figures have defected.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(Reuters, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, Malaysian police detained about 60 opposition supporters amid efforts to prevent a massive rally seeking electoral transparency.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, In Mexico more than 40 masked men burst into a cantina and opened fire, killing four people in the Pacific Coast state of Jalisco. Federal police said they arrested the leader of the Zetas cartel's operations in Veracruz state.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, In northwest Pakistan militants armed with guns and grenades attacked a police station killing 8 police officers and 2 civilians. Three explosions were heard at the scene. Husband and wife suicide bombers blew themselves up when an armored vehicle tried to enter the police compound in Kolachi, Dera Ismail Khan district. Earlier in the day 15 insurgents were killed in the northwest tribal region of Orakzai during a gunbattle between two factions of the Pakistani Taliban.
    (AP, 6/25/11)(AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, Russian tycoon and New Jersey Nets basketball team owner Mikhail Prokhorov was confirmed as the new head of a Kremlin-friendly political party.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, Russian police detained 14 gay rights activists trying to hold an unsanctioned demonstration in St. Petersburg, as well as one person suspected of attacking the protesters.
    (AP, 6/25/11)
2011        Jun 25, A South Sudanese officials said 8 members of a militia tied to the northern government were killed during an attack on Turalei. 3 South Sudanese soldiers were also killed.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 25, Syrian tanks rolled into a village on the border with Turkey where workers are scrambling to erect a huge tent city for fear of a new exodus of refugees from the crackdown. Government forces opened fire at funerals for slain political protesters leaving two dead in al-Kaswa, a suburb of the Syrian Damascus. Two other people were killed in the village of al-Quseir. One person was killed in the Barzeh neighborhood of Damascus.
    (AFP, 6/25/11)(AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, Thailand announced its withdrawal from the UN's World Heritage Convention, at a meeting of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Paris. Thailand said it was withdrawing because the committee's consideration of Cambodia's plan for managing the Preah Vihear temple site could threaten Thai sovereignty and territory.
    (AP, 6/26/11)
2011        Jun 25, Venezuela's top security official said authorities have seized more than 5.5 tons of cocaine.
    (AP, 6/26/11)

2012        Jun 25, George R. Hearst (b.1927), grandson of William Randolph Hearst and chairman of the board of the Hearst Corp., died in Palo Alto.
    (SFC, 6/26/12, p.A1)
2012        Jun 25, In Abu Dhabi two unnamed men, a Briton (21) and a Syrian (19), were convicted on charges of selling 20 grams (nearly three quarters of an ounce) of marijuana and sentenced by the criminal court to death.
    (AP, 6/26/12)
2012        Jun 25, In Argentina Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao met President Cristina Fernandez in Buenos Aires as part of a South American tour that included visits to Brazil and Uruguay and will end in Chile this week. Wen said the Asian giant is interested in a possible free-trade deal with the Mercosur regional trade bloc.
    (AP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 25, British hackers Ryan Cleary (20) and Jake Davis (19), linked to the Lulz Security group, pleaded guilty to a slew of computer crimes.
    (SFC, 6/26/12, p.A3)
2012        Jun 25, In China scores of people were injured when police in Shaxi township in Guangdong province broke up clashes between migrant workers from Sichuan province and the local population in the latest unrest to hit the nation.
    (AFP, 6/26/12)
2012        Jun 25, In CongoDRC mutineers said fighting between the army and troops who have deserted resumed, after a week of relative calm, in the eastern Nord-Kivu province. Officials said militants have killed at least 10 people and kidnapped a foreigner in a park in the volatile northeast.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)(AP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 25, Cyprus said it would seek aid from the eurozone’s bailout funds.
    (SFC, 6/26/12, p.A4)
2012        Jun 25, The European Union imposed fresh sanctions on President Bashar al-Assad's regime, targeting six government ministries as well as a bank and television company. This was the 16th round of sanctions agreed by the bloc's foreign ministers since the repression of anti-Assad protests began in March 2011.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 25, In Iraq the Communications and Media Commission said it has decided to place restrictions on 39 media outlets including the BBC and Voice of America over alleged license problems. An Iraqi media rights organization, said that the CMC had in fact recommended banning 44 news outlets, and called for the move, which it said violated the constitution, to be reversed. Bomb blasts in Hilla and Baquba killed 11 people.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)(SFC, 6/26/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 25, In Indian Kashmir a major fire gutted a 200-year-old, revered Sufi Muslim shrine, sparking clashes between police and residents in the region's summer capital Srinagar. Nearly two dozen people were injured in the violence.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 25, In Lebanon the headquarters of Al-Jadeed TV, a leading TV station in Beirut, was attacked with burning tires after it hosted a hard-line Sunni Muslim cleric who harshly criticized the country's Shiite Muslim leaders.
    (AP, 6/26/12)
2012        Jun 25, A Malaysian court ruled that Masoud Sedaghatzadeh, an Iranian man accused of plotting to attack Israeli targets in Bangkok on Feb 14, must be extradited to Thailand.
    (AP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 25, In Mexico 2 federal police officers, suspected of working for drug traffickers, opened fire on fellow officers in a crowded food court at Mexico City's international airport killing three policemen. The suspects were captured in airport surveillance video and have been fully identified but remained at large.
    (AP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 25, Puerto Rico's Gov. Luis Fortuno signed a law protecting 1,950 acres (790 hectares) of north coast state-owned land from large-scale development. The new reserve makes up 66 percent of what is known as the Northeast Ecological Corridor.
    (AP, 6/26/12)
2012        Jun 25, Russian President Vladimir Putin unveiled a World War II memorial during a rare trip to Israel where he is expected to hold talks on the situation in Syria and Iran's nuclear program.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 25, State-rescued Royal Bank of Scotland battled to repair an already battered reputation as it struggled to fix a week-old computer glitch that has affected millions of customers. Software problems that left customers at the bank and at RBS-owned lenders NatWest and Ulster Bank unable to pay bills, access accounts and receive wages have been fixed, but a huge backlog of unprocessed transactions remain.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 25, In Scotland the TED Global conference, known for taking an innovative look at cutting-edge issues, opened in Edinburgh. with the theme “radical openness." The 5-day event was set to explore the implications of crowd sourcing, blogs, smartphones and other culture-changing features of the Internet Age.
    (AFP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 25, In South Africa a bus plunged off a bridge killing at least 19 people and injuring 55 in the small town of Meyerton.
    (AP, 6/25/12)
2012        Jun 25, Dozens of Syrian soldiers defected overnight to Turkey, crossing the border with their families. The state-run Anadolu news agency said 33 soldiers defected, including a general and two colonels. Syrian troops killed 10 "terrorists" in the Damascus suburb of Douma.
    (AP, 6/25/12)(AP, 6/26/12)

2013        Jun 25, The US Supreme Court declared a key provision of the Voting Rights Act unconstitutional. 9 states will no longer be subject to federal scrutiny before changing voting laws.
    (SFC, 6/26/13, p.A4)
2013        Jun 25, In California PG&E shut down one of two reactors at its Diablo Canyon nuclear plant after finding a small leak in a backup cooling system.
    (SFC, 6/27/13, p.C6)
2013        Jun 25, Veteran Representative Edward Markey of Massachusetts won the US Senate seat vacated by John Kerry and helped Democrats maintain their majority in the chamber.
    (AP, 6/26/13)
2013        Jun 25, Texas state Sen. Wendy Davis staged an 11-hour filibuster to prevent passage of a law that would limit women’s access to abortion. A raucous crowd of shouting demonstrators effectively took over the state Capitol and blocked the bill that abortion rights groups warned would close most abortion clinics in the state.
    (AP, 6/26/13)(Econ, 6/29/13, p.29)
2013        Jun 25, Three former NASA scientists unveiled Planet Labs, a new company that planned to hire out CubaSats, tiny satellites for taking images of Earth from space.
    (SSFC, 6/30/13, p.G2)(http://tinyurl.com/mxbujyt)
2013        Jun 25, In Afghanistan suicide attackers blew up a car bomb and battled security forces outside the presidential palace in Kabul after infiltrating one of the most secure areas of the capital. The army said the attackers were killed but knew of no other deaths. A minibus hit a bomb on a road northwest of Kandahar city killing 8 women, 2 children and a man.
    (AP, 6/25/13)
2013        Jun 25, Brazil's congress late today shelved legislation that had been a target of nationwide protests, hours before another expected round of large-scale demonstrations.
    (AP, 6/26/13)
2013        Jun 25, Czech President Milos Zeman appointed Jiri Rusnok, his economic adviser, as the country's new prime minister to form a government of experts, replacing the cabinet of Petr Necas who resigned last week amid a spy and bribery scandal.
    (AP, 6/25/13)
2013        Jun 25, In France the Eiffel Tower Paris was shut down due to a labor dispute over salaries, profit sharing and other issues. It reopened after workers returned on June 27.
    (SFC, 6/26/13, p.A2)(AP, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 25, In India an air force helicopter returning from a rescue mission in the flood-ravaged north hit the side of a mountain in Uttarakhand and fell into a river. The bodies of 20 people, including five air force crew members, were recovered the next day.
    (AP, 6/25/13)(AP, 6/26/13)
2013        Jun 25, An Iranian news agency reported that security forces have dismantled a terrorist and sabotage network in southern city of Shiraz.
    (AP, 6/25/13)
2013        Jun 25, In Iraq bomb blasts struck a minibus carrying Shiite pilgrims to Karbala and a gathering of demonstrators in Tuz Khormato, an ethnically disputed northern city, killing at least 6 and wounding dozens. This was the deadliest in a spate of attacks that killed at least 23 people.
    (AP, 6/25/13)
2013        Jun 25, Lebanese troops detonated booby traps at a complex captured from followers of a hardline Sunni cleric, securing the area after two days of fighting in the port city of Sidon. Official reports said at least 17 soldiers were killed and 50 wounded in the fighting while more than 20 of al-Assir's supporters died in the battle.
    (AP, 6/25/13)
2013        Jun 25, Pakistani investigators named former military dictator Pervez Musharraf as the prime suspect in the Dec. 2007 assassination of former PM Benazir Bhutto.
    (SFC, 6/26/13, p.A3)
2013        Jun 25, Qatar's ruler Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani (61) formally handed power to his son  Sheik Tamim (33), capping a carefully crafted transition that puts a new generation in charge of the Gulf nation's vast energy wealth and rising political influence.
    (AP, 6/25/13)(Econ, 9/28/13, p.46)
2013        Jun 25, Russia's foreign minister bluntly rejected US demands to extradite National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden, saying that Snowden hasn't crossed the Russian border.
    (AP, 6/25/13)
2013        Jun 25, In South Korea major government and news media websites were shut down after anonymous hackers attacked them on the 63rd anniversary of the start of the 1950-1953 Korean War.
    (SFC, 6/26/13, p.A3)
2013        Jun 25, Turkish police detained at least 20 people allegedly involved in violent protests, as the country's prime minister continued to lash out at protesters, and BBC journalist Selin Girit, he claimed were part of a conspiracy to harm Turkey.
    (AP, 6/25/13)(SFC, 6/26/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 25, The UN Security Council approved the July 1 deployment of a new Mali peacekeeping force to help the government regain control of rebel-held areas and organize elections.
    (SFC, 6/26/13, p.A2)

2014        Jun 25, The US Supreme Court ruled in Riley v California that police must get a search warrant before examining the contents of cell phones they seize from people they arrest.
    (SFC, 6/26/14, p.A10)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.25)
2014        Jun 25, US federal investigators shut down myredbook.com, a SF Bay Area website that catered to prostitutes and johns. Eric Omuro (53) of Mountain view and Annmarie Lanoce (40) of Rocklin (Placer Ct.) were arrested after being indicted a day earlier.
    (SFC, 6/26/14, p.A10)
2014        Jun 25, A US federal appeals court in Denver ruled that states must allow gay couples to marry.
    (SFC, 6/26/14, p.A6)
2014        Jun 25, Abu Dhabi-based airline Etihad Airways said it had reached a deal in principle to buy a 49 percent stake in struggling Italian carrier Alitalia. In return Alitalia agreed to cut 20% of its work force.
    (AP, 6/25/14)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.58)
2014        Jun 25, Afghan officials said at least 13 policemen, 8 army soldiers and 100 Taliban fighters have been killed in five days of fighting as Taliban militants to wrest control of Sangin district in Helmand province. Helmand province is a major route for the transit of opium and some districts are controlled by drug dealers and the Taliban.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, Britain's Supreme Court said an assisted-suicide ban is incompatible with human rights, but it dismissed the appeal from two severely disabled men who argued the law should be changed to allow doctors to legally kill them.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, Central African Republic peacekeepers said nearly 50 people have been killed since June 23 during violence in the Bambari region and nearby villages.
    (AFP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, China sent its first ever ministerial-level official to Taiwan for four days of meetings.
    (SFC, 6/26/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 25, In Egypt eight people were hurt in northern Cairo when homemade explosive devices blew up at four metro stations and a courthouse.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, In Egypt education authorities overturned a post-revolutionary reform that allowed for deans and presidents of state universities to be elected.
    (Econ, 6/28/14, p.41)
2014        Jun 25, A French doctor was acquitted of poisoning charges after giving lethal injections to seven terminally ill patients. Relatives of Dr. Nicolas Bonnemaison's patients had testified in his favor.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, Greek authorities said they have broken a massive lottery scam targeting Germans that tricked about 360,000 people into paying to take part in non-existent draws. Two German-born suspects were arrested a day earlier in Athens.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, Iraq's Shiite PM al-Maliki rejected calls to form an interim "national salvation government" that critics say would allow the country's squabbling sects to quickly present a unified front in the face of a growing threat by Sunni militants. Sunni militants launched a dawn raid on a key Iraqi oil refinery they have been trying to take for days, but security forces fought them back. Militants attacked one of Iraq's largest air bases and seized control of several small oilfields as US military experts began arriving to set up an operations center to help Iraqi security forces counter a mounting Sunni insurgency.
    (AP, 6/25/14)(Reuters, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, Israeli troops searching for three teenagers it says were kidnapped a fortnight ago by Hamas militants, arrested 17 Palestinians in the West Bank overnight. The arrests included a Palestinian MP.
    (AFP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, In Israel dozens of Palestinian prisoners ended their 63-day-long hunger strike after reaching a deal with Israeli prison authorities.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, Kenyan police arrested Lamu county Governor Issa Timamy in connection with gun attacks in his area that killed about 65 people. Timamy denied responsibility and was released on bail on June 30.
    (Reuters, 6/26/14)(AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 25, The Lebanese army said a security operation in the country's north has resulted in the arrest of a 'terrorist cell' plotting the assassination of a high-ranking officer in the security forces.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, Libya held elections for a new parliament. Turnout was only 630,000 out of 1.5m registered to vote.
    (AP, 6/25/14)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.42)
2014        Jun 25, In Libya Salwa Bugaighis, a lawyer and rights activist, was assassinated in Benghazi when gunmen stormed her house. She was among the most outspoken voices against militiamen and Islamic extremists who have run rampant in the country since Gadhafi's fall.
    (AP, 6/26/14)
2014        Jun 25, Myanmar's state media reported that parliament has reduced the prison terms for violating a law that regulates public protests. The amended law also appears to allow protests as long as permission is sought.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, In Nigeria an explosion at a mall in Abuja left 22 people dead. Soldiers shot and killed one suspect as he tried to escape, and police detained a second suspect. The government said two explosions at a fuel depot in Lagos, which left 2 people dead, were caused by gas canisters. Boko Haram later claimed responsibility for both attacks.
    (AP, 6/26/14)(AFP, 7/13/14)
2014        Jun 25, A rocket fired by Palestinian militants toward Israel exploded in the northern Gaza Strip, killing a 3-year-old Palestinian girl and wounding three other people.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, Romania's Parliament called on President Traian Basescu to resign, saying suspicions that his brother took a bribe from the family of a well-known convict have damaged the prestige of his office. Basescu’s brother was arrested last week on charges that he took a 250,000 euros ($340,000) bribe from the son of convict imprisoned for attempted murder to get his sentence reduced.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, On Russian President Vladimir Putin's demand, the upper house of the Russian parliament canceled a resolution allowing the use of military in Ukraine.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, In South Africa tens of thousands of platinum miners returned to work after wage deals ended the longest and most damaging strike in the country's history.
    (Reuters, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, In Spain a judge in Madrid charged Princess Cristina with tax fraud and money laundering in a case involving her husband and business associates charged with embezzling millions in public funds earmarked for sports events.
    (SFC, 6/26/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 25, In Spain award-winning author Ana Maria Matute (88), best known for her books set during the Spanish Civil War, died.
    (AP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, Syrian government warplanes struck a series of targets in the northern city of Raqqa, a stronghold of an al-Qaida splinter group, killing at least 12 people. Syrian aircraft also carried out a series of airstrikes in the eastern, oil-rich province of Deir el-Zour near the border with Iraq. The US and Iraqi military officials confirmed that Syrian warplanes bombed militant’s positions in and near the border crossing in Qaim.
    (AP, 6/25/14)(SFC, 6/26/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 25, In Ukraine rebels and government forces traded fire in Slavyansk oblivious to the week-long truce ordered by Ukraine's new president and backed by a top leader of the pro-Russian separatists.
    (AFP, 6/25/14)
2014        Jun 25, In Yemen militants assassinated Col. Khaled al-Khawlani, a senior intelligence officer, in a drive-by shooting in Sanaa.
    (AP, 6/25/14)

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