Today in History - June 27

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363        Jun 27, The death of Roman Emperor Julian brought an end to the Pagan Revival.
    (HN, 6/27/98)

678        Jun 27, St. Agatho began his reign as Catholic Pope.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

696        Jun 27, A Mayan ballcourt at Tonina was dedicated and sculptures, found in 2011, were created to commemorate the dedication.
    (AP, 7/8/11)

1458        Jun 27, Alfonso V of Aragon died. Ferdinand I succeeded to the throne of Naples, but Pope Calixtus III declared the line of Aragon extinct and the kingdom a fief of the church.
    (Wikipedia)

1462        Jun 27, Louis XII, King of France (1498-1515), was born.
    (HN, 6/27/02)

1542        Jun 27, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo set out from the port of Navidad, Mexico, with 2 ships, the San Salvador and the Victoria, to “discover the coast of New Spain." Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo claimed California for Spain. [see Sep 28]
    (NPS-CNM, 4/1/97)(MC, 6/27/02)

1550        Jun 27, Charles IX, king of France (1560-74), was born.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1580        Jun 27, Duke of Alba's army occupied Portugal.
    (MC, 6/27/02)

1652        Jun 27, New Amsterdam (later NYC) passed the 1st speed limit law in US.
    (MC, 6/27/02)

1682        Jun 27, Charles XII (d.1718), King of Sweden (1697-1718), was born.
    (WUD, 1994, p.249)(SFC, 8/17/96, p.E5)(HN, 6/27/98)

1693        Jun 27, The 1st woman's magazine "The Ladies' Mercury" was published in London.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1709        Jun 27, Russians under Peter the Great defeated the Swedes under Charles XII and Cossacks at the Battle of Poltava. [O.S. See July 8].
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Poltava)

1743        Jun 27, King George of the English defeated the French at Dettingen, Bavaria. English armies were victorious over the French at Dettingen. This event was celebrated by Handel in his composition “Dettingen Te Deum."
    (BLW, Geiringer, 1963 ed. p. 317)(HN, 6/27/98)

1776        Jun 27, Thomas Hickey, who plotted to hand George Washington over to British, was hanged.
    (MC, 6/27/02)

1778        Jun 27, The Liberty Bell came home to Philadelphia after the British left.
    (MC, 6/27/02)

1806        Jun 27, Buenos Aires was captured by British. [see Jul 5]
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1829        Jun 27, James Smithson, Englishmen scientist, died. His 1926 will he stated that should his nephew die without heirs, the estate should go to the US of America to found at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institute, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men. In 2003 Nina Burleigh authored "The Stranger and the Statesman: James Smithson, John Quincy Adams and the Making of America's Greatest Museum, The Smithsonian." [see 1836]
    (SFEC, 8/25/96, p.T6)(SC, 6/27/02)(SSFC, 12/21/03, p.M1)(SSFC, 12/21/03, p.A1)

1833        Jun 27, Prudence Crandall, a white woman, was arrested for conducting an academy for black women in Canterbury, Conn. The academy was eventually closed.
    (HN, 6/27/99)

1838        Jun 27, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Bengali novelist (Anandamath), was born.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1839        Jun 27, The Spanish coasting vessel La Amistad (The Friendship) set sail from Cuba to Porta Prince with a load of African slaves. Cinque, originally Senghbe, and over 50 other Africans had been kidnapped in Sierra Leone and sold into slavery in Cuba. They were carried on a Spanish ship, the Tecora, to Cuba. Cinque and 49 other slaves and 4 children were placed on the ship La Amistad destined for Haiti. They revolted, killed the captain, and ordered the crew back to Africa but the ship sailed north and ran aground. It was captured by the US Navy on August 26. A legal battle ensued in New London, Conn., that went to the Supreme court where former Pres. John Quincy Adams argued for their freedom and won. An 1855 novella by Herman Melville, "Benito Cereno" looked at the rebellion through the eyes of an American interloper. Barbara Chase-Ribaud later wrote "Echo of Lions," a novel based on the Amistad. In 1996 Steven Spielberg announced plans to direct a film based on the incident titled "Amistad." The film was to be released in 1997. A 1997 opera production, "Amistad," by Anthony Davis premiered in Chicago.
    (http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/AMI_BCIN.HTM)(SFEC,10/26/97, DB p.57)(USAT, 11/19/97, p.2D)(WSJ, 12/5/97, p.A16)(SFEC,12/797, DB p.44)(SFC,12/26/97, p.C6)(HN, 6/28/99)

1844        Jun 27, Mormon Joseph Smith (38) and his brother, Hyram, were again imprisoned. A mob stormed the Carthage, Ill. prison and the brothers were killed. [see 1846] James Strang laid claim to being his rightful successor but Brigham Young soon took control of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Strang then began evangelizing in the Midwest and East with some success. His followers were later called "Strangites."
    (Smith., Aug. 1995, p.86)(SFC, 4/9/96, A-7)(AP, 6/27/97)

1846        Jun 27, Charles Stewart Parnell (d.1891), Irish nationalist hero, was born.
    (HFA, '96, p.32)(AHD, 1971, p.954)(HN, 6/27/98)
1846        Jun 27, New York City and Boston were linked by telegraph wires.
    (AP, 6/27/07)

1850        Jun 27, Lafcadio Hearn (d.1904), Irish-American journalist, author, was born in Greece.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lafcadio_Hearn)
1850        Jun 27, Ivan Vazov, poet, novelist, playwright (Under the Yoke), was born in Bulgaria.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1857        Jun 27, H. Goldschmidt discovered asteroid #45, Eugenia.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1862        Jun 27, May Irwin, US comedienne, singer (A Hot Time in the Old Town), was born.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1862        Jun 27, Confederates broke through the Union lines at the Battle of Gaines’ Mill on the 3rd day of the Seven Days Battle in Virginia.
    (HN, 6/27/98)

1863        Jun 27, There was a skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse in Virginia.
    (MC, 6/27/02)

1864        Jun 27, General Sherman was repulsed by Confederates at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in the Atlanta Campaign.
    (HN, 6/27/98)(SC, 6/27/02)

1866        Jun 27, The Battle of Langensalza was fought near Bad Langensalza in what is now modern Germany, between the Kingdom of Hanover (Hanoverians) and the Prussians. The Hanoverians won the battle but were then surrounded by a larger and reinforced Prussian army, and, unable to link up with their Bavarian allies to the south, they surrendered. Hanover was annexed after losing a war with Prussia.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Langensalza_%281866%29)(Econ, 6/7/14, p.61)

1867        Jun 27, The Bank of California opened its doors.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1869        Jun 27, Emma Goldman, Lithuanian born American anarchist, feminist and birth control advocate, was born. She was deported to the Soviet Union for inciting World War I draft riots in New York.
    (HN, 6/27/99)

1871        Jun 27, The yen became the new form of currency in Japan.
    (HN, 6/27/98)

1872        Jun 27, Paul Laurence Dunbar, African-American poet and writer, was born in Dayton, Ohio. His poems include "Oak and Ivory" and "Majors and Minors."
    (HN, 6/27/99)(SC, 6/27/02)

1880        Jun 27, Helen Adams Keller (d. Jun 1, 1968 at 87) author, social reformer, educator, lecturer, was born in Tuscumbia, Ala. She lost her sight and hearing at 19 months of age from scarlet fever. She received a college degree and became an author (Let us Have Faith) and lecturer despite being blind and deaf most of her life. Helen Keller died in Westport, Connecticut. “No matter how dull, or how mean, or how wise a man is, he feels that happiness is his indisputable right." "There is no king who has not had a slave among his ancestors, and no slave who has not had a king among his."
    (DTnet, 6/1/97)(AP, 11/17/97)(SFEC, 8/16/98, BR p.3)(AP, 12/16/98)

1884        Jun 27, J. Palisa discovered asteroid #237, Coelestina.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1888        Jun 27, Antoinette Perry, actress and director, namesake of the "Tony" Awards, was born.
    (HN, 6/27/01)

1893        Jun 27, The New York stock market crashed.
    (AP, 6/27/97)

1898        Jun 27, Joshua Slocum (1844-1909) became the first person to sail single-handedly around the world. His voyage began on April 24, 1895 in Boston and ended on this day at Newport, Rhode Island.
    (Econ, 3/1/08, p.86)(www.millicentlibrary.org/slocum.htm)

1899        Jun 27. The plague came ashore in San Francisco. Political leaders overrode health officials and denied its presence. The governor declared it a felony to publish its existence. By 1904 more than 100 people had died of “syphilitic septicemia," the official pseudonym of plague.
    (NG, 5/88, p.686)

1900        Jun 27, Otto E. Passman (Rep-D-La, 1947-77), was born.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1902        Jun 27, John Steinbeck (d.1968), American author, was born. "A man, after he has brushed off the dust and chips of his life, will have left only the hard, clean question: Was it good or was it evil? Have I done well -- or ill?"
    (AP, 6/27/97)

1904        Jun 27, The 2nd Fastnet Lighthouse was completed off of southwest Ireland.
    (www.cil.ie/flat_areaEQLlighthousesAMPLighthouseIDEQL18_entry.html)(Econ, 12/20/08, p.98)

1905        Jun 27, The battleship Potemkin succumbed to a mutiny on the Black Sea.
    (HN, 6/27/98)

1907        Jun 27, Valerie Cossart (d.1994), actress (The Hartmans), was born in London.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0181961/)
1907        Jun 27, John McIntire, actor (Naked City, Wagon Train, Virginian), was born in Spokane, Wash.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1909        Jun 27, Gianandrea Gavazzeni, composer, conductor, was born.
    (MC, 6/27/02)

1911        Jun 27, Appsley Cherry-Gerrard, an English aristocrat and the youngest member of the Robert Falcon Scott South Pole expedition, began a 5 week expedition, lit by 5 hour-days of twilight, hauling a sledge on a hunt for pelican eggs that Scott wanted. He was accompanied by Lt. Henry Bowers and ornithologist Dr. Edward Wilson In 1922 he authored “The Worst Journey in the World." The author was later part of the rescue party that eventually found the frozen bodies of Scott and three men who had accompanied Scott on the final push to the Pole.
    (WSJ, 4/28/07, p.P8)(ON, 6/20/11, p.6)

1912        Jun 27, Audrey Christie, actress (Dorothy-Fair Exchange), was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1913         Jun 27, Richard Bissell, novelist and playwright, was born.
    (HN, 6/27/01)
1913         Jun 27, Willie Mosconi, professional billiards player and world champion (1941-57), was born.
    (HN, 6/27/01)(SC, 6/27/02)

1914        Jun 27, Giorgio Almirante, Italian fascist (member of parliament (1948-87), was born.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1914        Jun 27, US signed a treaty of commerce with Ethiopia.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1915        Jun 27, In Fort Yukon, Alaska, a state record 100° F (38° C) was recorded.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1917        Jun 27, Hank Gowdy became the 1st baseball player to enter WW I military service.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1918        Jun 27, Two German pilots were saved by parachutes for the first time.
    (HN, 6/27/98)

1920         Jun 27, I.A.L. Diamond, screenwriter, was born.
    (HN, 6/27/01)

1922        Jun 27, George Walker, composer (In Praise of Lillies), was born in Washington, DC.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1922        Jun 27, The Newberry Medal was 1st presented for kids literature to Hendrik Van Loon.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1923        Jun 27, Paul F. Conrad, cartoonist (Pulitzer 1964, 71, 84), was born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1923        Jun 27, The first in-flight refueling occurred over San Diego, Ca.
    (NPub, 2002, p.10)
1923        Jun 27, Yugoslav Premier Nikola Pachitch was wounded by Serb attackers in Belgrade.
    (HN, 6/27/98)

1924        Jun 24, The Democrats began their convention in New York’s Madison Square Garden. They were lured there by newspaper mogul Herbert Bayard Swope’s fundraising offer of $205,000. US Democrats offered Mrs. Leroy Springs for vice presidential nomination, the first woman considered for the job.
    (Hem., 8/96, p.87)(HN, 6/27/98)

1926         Jun 27, Frank O'Hara (d.1966), American poet, was born in Baltimore. In 1998 David Lehman published “The Last Avant-Garde: The Making of the New York School of Poets."
    (WSJ, 9/18/98, p.W8)(HN, 6/27/01)

1927        Jun 27, Robert Casey, actor (Henry-Aldrich Family Show), was born in Rochester, NY.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1927        Jun 27, Bob Keeshan, American television actor, was born. He is best known as "Captain Kangaroo," the longest running children's show, and Clarabelle on the "Howdy Doody Show."
    (HN, 6/27/99)
1927        Jun 27, The U.S. Marines adopted the English bulldog as their mascot.
    (HN, 6/27/98)

1929        Jun 27, Scientists at Bell Laboratories in New York revealed a system for transmitting television pictures.
    (HN, 6/27/98)
1929        Jun 27, Pres. Von Hindenburg refused to pay the German debt of WW I.
    (MC, 6/27/02)

1930        Jun 27, H. Ross Perot, Texas billionaire, was born.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1930        Jun 27, P. Parchomenko discovered asteroid #1166, Sakuntala.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1932        Jun 27, In Thailand King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) signed a new provisional constitution. The absolute power of kings ended and a constitutional monarchy began. By 2008 Thailand had gone thru 17 permanent or temporary constitutions.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Thailand)(Econ, 5/24/08, p.27)

1933        Jun 27, Gary Crosby, son of Bing, actor (Which Way to the Front), was born.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1934        Jun 27, Anna Moffo, soprano (Lucia, Traviata), was born in Wayne, Penn.
    (MC, 6/27/02) 
1934        Jun 27, The US Federal Savings & Loan Association created. [see Jun 26]
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1937        Jun 27, Joseph P. Allen IV, PhD, astronaut (STS-5, STS 51A), was born in Crawfordsville, Ind.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1937        Jun 27, Robert Johnson, blues guitarist, recorded "Traveling Riverside Blues and 10 other songs in Dallas for the American Record Corp. He also did "Come On in My Kitchen."
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.D5)(BS, 5/3/98, p.7E)

1938        Jun 27, Bruce E. Babbitt (Gov-D-AL), was born.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1940        Jun 27, USSR returned to the Gregorian calendar.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1942        Jun 27, Bruce Johnston, rocker (Beachboys-In My Room), was born.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1942        Jun 27, The FBI announced the capture of eight Nazi saboteurs who had been put ashore from 2 submarines, one off New York’s Long Island and the other off of Florida. The men were tried by a military court and 6 were secretly executed in a DC jail. Ernest Burger and George Dasch were sentenced to 30 years in prison for their help in revealing the plot. They were pardoned in 1948 by Pres. Truman.
    (AP, 6/27/97)(SFC, 11/30/01, p.A18)
1942        Jun 27, The Allied Convoy PQ-17 left Iceland for Murmansk and Archangel. As their escorts turned away, the ships of the doomed Allied convoy PQ-17 followed orders and began to disperse in the Arctic waters.
    (HN, 6/27/98)

1944        Jun 27, During World War II, American forces completed their capture of the French port of Cherbourg from the Germans.
    (AP, 6/27/97)(HN, 6/27/98)

1945        Jun 27, Norma Kamali, dress designer (Costumes for the Wiz), was born in NYC.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1949        Jun 27, W. Baade discovered asteroid #1566, Icarus.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1950        Jun 27, Julia Duffy, actress (Stephanie-Newhart, Baby Talk), was born in Minneapolis, Minn.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1950        Jun 27, President Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict following a call from the United Nations Security Council for member nations to help South Korea repel an invasion from the North.
    (AP, 6/27/97)
1950        Jun 27, North Koreans troop reached Seoul. UN Security Council called on members for troops to aid South Korea.
    (HN, 6/27/98)(MC, 6/27/02)
1950        Jun 27, US sent 35 military advisers to South Vietnam.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1950        Jun 27, Milada Horakova (b.1901), a Czechoslovak politician, was executed by Communists on trumped-up charges of conspiracy and treason. As a one of few women ever executed in Czechoslovakia she is regarded as a symbol of anti-Communist resistance for her firm and courageous stance during her trial. In 2007 Ludmila Brozova-Polednova (86), former communist prosecutor, was found guilty of a charge of abetting judicial murder.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milada_Hor%C3%A1kov%C3%A1)(AP, 11/1/07)

1951        Jun 27, Ulf Andersson, International Chess Grandmaster (1972), was born in Sweden.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1951        Jun 27, Sidney M. Gutierrez, Major USAF, astronaut (STS 40), was born in Albuquerque, NM.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1951        Jun 27, M. Itzigsohn discovered asteroid #1588, Descamisada.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1953         Jun 27, Alice McDermott, writer (That Night, At Weddings and Wakes), was born.
    (HN, 6/27/01)

1954        Jun 27, CIA-sponsored rebels overthrew the elected government of Guatemala. A US supported force of Guatemalan mercenaries invaded from Honduras. Sam Zemurray, head of United Fruit, helped fund the rebels. Pres. Arbenz was toppled and replaced by 30 years of military rule. He spent much of his exile in Cuba. Arbenz died in 1971 in Mexico City. It was disclosed in 1997 to have been motivated by US economic interests with 58 Guatemalan politicians put on a list of potential targets for political killing. In 1982 “Bitter Fruit: The Untold Story of the American Coup in Guatemala" by Stephen Schlesinger and Stephen Kinzer, was published by Doubleday. In 2011 Guatemalan President Alvaro Colom acknowledged the state's responsibility in overthrowing Arbenz and apologized to his family.
    (NG, 6/1988, p.783)(SFC, 5/24/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 3/3/99, p.A18)(AP, 10/21/11)(SSFC, 7/8/12, p.F5)
1954        Jun 27, The 1st atomic power station opened near Moscow at Obninsk, Russia.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1955        Jun 27, Isabelle Adjani, actress (Story of Adele H, Driver, Ishtar), was born in Paris.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1955        Jun 27, 1st automobile seat belt legislation was enacted in Illinois.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1956        Jun 27, Martin Luther King was the featured speaker at the NAACP convention held at the SF Civic Auditorium.
    (SFEM, 2/2/97, p.10)

1957        Jun 27, More than 500 people were killed after Hurricane Audrey slammed through coastal Louisiana and Texas.
    (AP, 6/27/97)
1957        Jun 27, Malcolm Lowry (b.1909), English novelist, died in Sussex, England. He is best known for his novel “Under the Volcano" (1947). In 2007 Michael Hofmann edited “The Voyage That Never Ends: Malcolm Lowry in His Own Words."
    (www.kirjasto.sci.fi/mlowry.htm)

1958        Jun 27, Cuban rebel forces kidnapped 29 US sailors and Marines and held them until Jul 18.
    (SSFC, 1/20/02, p.A7)

1959        Jun 27, The play, "West Side Story" closed at Winter Garden Theater in NYC after 732 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.php?id=2639)

1960        Jun 27, Chlorophyll "A" was synthesized at Cambridge, Mass.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1962        Jun 27, NASA civilian pilot Joseph Walker took the X-15 to 6,606 kph, 37,700 m.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1963        Jun 27, Pres. Kennedy spent his 1st full day in Ireland.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1963        Jun 27, Henry Cabot Lodge was appointed U.S. ambassador to South Vietnam.
    (HN, 6/27/98)
1963        Jun 27, USAF Major Robert A. Rushworth reached an altitude of 53.9 miles in the X-15.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_American_X-15)

1966        Jun 27, The 1st sci-fi soap opera, "Dark Shadows," premiered.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1967        Jun 27, There was a race riot in Buffalo, NY, and 200 were arrested.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_riot_of_1967)

1968        Jun 27, The Czechoslovak parliament abolished censorship and provided for rehabilitation of political prisoners.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)

1969        Jun 27, The 3-day Denver Pop Festival opened. The peak attendance was estimated at 50,000.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denver_Pop_Festival)
1969        Jun 27, Honduras and El Salvador broke diplomatic relations due to soccer match. El Salvador and Honduras fought a 4-day "Soccer War" when fans brought out long-simmering tensions during World cup qualifying matches. Some 3,000 people died in the 4-day conflict.
    (www.onwar.com/aced/data/sierra/soccer1969.htm)(Econ, 11/28/09, p.52)

1971        Jun 27, T. Smirnova, Russian born astronomer, discovered asteroid #2121, Sevastopol.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamara_Mikhailovna_Smirnova)

1973        Jun 27, Nixon vetoed a Senate ban on Cambodia bombing.
    (HN, 6/27/98)
1973        Jun 27, Former White House counsel John W. Dean told the Senate Watergate Committee about an "enemies list" kept by the Nixon White House.
    (AP, 6/27/97)
1973        Jun 27, In Uruguay Juan Maria Bordaberry (b.1928) dissolved Congress and banned political parties at the behest of military leaders.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Mar%C3%ADa_Bordaberry)

1974        Jun 27, Pres. Nixon arrived in Moscow for his 3rd summit. During the summit the US and Russia approved a partial atomic test ban treaty.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5yvrog)
1974        Jun 27, In Chile Gen. Augusto Pinochet proclaimed himself "Supreme Chief of the Nation" (de facto provisional president).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Pinochet)

1975        Jun 27, Two French intelligence agents, Raymond Dous and Jean Donatini, who were investigating attacks on planes of Israel’s El Al airline at Orly Airport, were killed by Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez. Sanchez was identified by an arrested Palestinian Front militant, Michel Moukharbal, and was also killed.
    (SFC,12/11/97, p.C2)(SFC,12/13/97, p.A10)
1975        Jun 27, Robert Stolz (b.1880), Austrian composer (Freuhling im Prater), died.
    (http://robert.stolz.free.fr/Biography.htm)

1976        Jun 27, An Air France Airbus flight AF139, from Tel Aviv to Paris, was hijacked shortly after departing Athens and taken to Uganda.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_France)

1977        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court struck, in Bates v. State Bar of Arizona, down state laws and bar association rules that had prohibited lawyers from advertising their fees for routine services.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
1977        Jun 27, Illinois reinstated the capital punishment.
    (www.illinois.gov/PressReleases/ShowPressRelease.cfm?RecNum=1875&SubjectID=45)
1977        Jun 27, The Republic of Djibouti gained independence from France with Hassan Gouled as the first president.
    (SFC, 12/28/02, p.A6)(AP, 6/27/07)(Econ, 3/22/08, p.55)
1977        Jun 27, H.E. Lee Kuan Yew, the PM of Singapore, formally opened the Fourth Meeting of the ASEAN Economic Ministers which was held in Singapore on 27-29 June 1977.
    (www.aseansec.org/1287.htm)

1978        Jun 27, Sam Shepard’s play "Buried Child" had its world premier in San Francisco.
    (www.theatredatabase.com/20th_century/buried_child.html)
1978        Jun 27, US Seasat 1, the 1st oceanographic satellite, was launched into polar orbit.
    (www.n2yo.com/satellite.php?s=10967)
1978        Jun 27, Soyuz 30 carried 2 cosmonauts (1 Polish) to the Salyut 6 space station.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_30)

1980        Jun 27, President Carter signed legislation reviving draft registration.
    (AP, 6/27/97)
1980        Jun 27, The San Francisco 133rd Police Academy graduating class included 2 gay men.
    (SFC, 6/24/05, p.F7)
1980        Jun 27, Carey McWilliams, writer and editor of The Nation magazine, died of cancer. His books included “Southern California: An Island on the Land" (1946) and “Factories in the Field: The Story of Migratory Farm Labor in California" (1939). In 2005 Peter Richardson authored “American Prophet: The Life and Work of Carey McWilliams."
    (SSFC, 12/18/05, p.M2)(http://tinyurl.com/aeel2)
1980        Jun 27, Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870, an Italian domestic jetliner, exploded in flight and crashed near the island of Ustica. 81 people were killed. In 1999 it was reported that a fight by warplanes led to the crash and coverup charges were filed against Italian military officials. Among theories for the jet's demise was a bomb planted by domestic terrorists, or an errant US or French missile allegedly fired at a Libyan MiG streaking over the Mediterranean. In 2013 Italy's top criminal court ruled that there is "abundantly" clear evidence that a stray missile caused the Italian passenger jet to crash.
    (www.emergency-management.net/avi_acc_1979_1989.htm)(WSJ, 9/2/99, p.A1)(AP, 8/17/10)(AP, 1/28/13)

1981        Jun 27, The African States members of the Organization of African Unity, meeting in Liberia, adopted a Charter on Human and People’s Rights. Article 5 specifically prohibited slavery. It became effective as of October 21, 1986.
    http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/z1afchar.htm)

1982        Jun 27, The Broadway show "Dancin'" closed at the Ambassador Theater after 1,774 performances.
    (www.ibdb.com/production.asp?ID=4051)
1982        Jun 27, The 4th Space Shuttle, Mission-Columbia 4, was launched.
    (http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/sts-4/mission-sts-4.html)
1982        Jun 27, Jack Mullaney (b.1929), actor (My Living Doll, It's About Time), died.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0611955/)

1983        Jun 27, Maxie Anderson and Don Ida died in West Germany during a balloon race.
    (http://tinyurl.com/2r37bg)
1983        Jun 27, The Russian Soyuz T-9 spacecraft launched from Baikonur carrying 2 cosmonauts to the Salyut 7 space station.
    (http://space.kursknet.ru/cosmos/english/machines/st9.sht)

1984        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court ended the NCAA monopoly on college football telecasts, ruling such control violated antitrust law.
    (AP, 6/27/04)

1985        Jun 27, The legendary Route 66, which originally stretched from Chicago to Santa Monica, Calif., passed into history as officials decertified the road.
    (AP, 6/27/97)
1985        Jun 27, The U.S. House of Representatives voted to limit the use of combat troops in Nicaragua.
    (HN, 6/27/98)
1985        Jun 27, A hotel strike in NYC took place. It ended June 27.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yr7tgw)

1986        Jun 27, US informed New Zealand it will not defend it against attack.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1986        Jun 27, The International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled that the United States had broken international law and violated the sovereignty of Nicaragua by aiding the contras.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
1986        Jun 27, Don Rogers of the Cleveland Browns died of cocaine poisoning.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1986        Jun 27, An Irish referendum upheld a ban on divorce.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1987        Jun 27, The White House announced that a final analysis of two polyps removed from President Reagan's colon showed they were benign.
    (AP, 6/27/97)

1988        Jun 27, Mike Tyson retained the undisputed heavyweight crown as he knocked out Michael Spinks 91 seconds into the first round of a championship fight in Atlantic City, N.J.
    (AP, 6/27/98)
1988        Jun 27, Fifty-seven people were killed in a train collision in Paris.
    (AP, 6/27/98)

1989        Jun 27, President Bush, criticizing a Supreme Court decision upholding the right to desecrate the American flag as a form of political protest, called for a constitutional amendment to protect the Stars and Stripes.
    (AP, 6/27/99)

1990        Jun 27, Jose Canseco signed a record $4,700,000 per year baseball contract with the Oakland A's.
    (SC, 6/27/02)
1990        Jun 27, NASA announced that a flaw in the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope was preventing the instrument from achieving optimum focus.
    (AP, 6/27/00)
1990        Jun 27, Salman Rushdie, condemned to death by Iran, contributed $8600 to help their earthquake victims.
    (SC, 6/27/02)

1991        Jun 27, US Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, the first black to sit on the nation’s highest court, announced his retirement.
    (AP, 6/27/01)
1991        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court ruled that juries considering life or death for convicted murderers may take into account the victim’s character and the suffering of relatives.
    (AP, 6/27/01)
1991        Jun 27, Cor Therapeutics went public and raised $15 million. In 1998 it received partial FDA clearance for Integrillin, an anti-clotting drug.
    (WSJ, 5/24/99, p.R8)
1991        Jun 27, Yugoslav army tanks and helicopters attacked Slovenia. Fighting broke out between Serbian and Croatian militias. The Slovene militia trapped an armored column and captured 2,000 soldiers. The prisoners were released and an agreement was reached for Slovenia to control its own borders after a 90 day period of int’l. observation.
    (SFC, 6/11/96, p.A14)(SFC,10/16/97, p.A12)

1992        Jun 27, Authorities found the body of kidnapped Exxon executive Sidney J. Reso buried in a makeshift grave in Bass River State Park in New Jersey. Arthur and Irene Seale, were later convicted and sentenced to prison for the crime.
    (AP, 6/27/97)
1993        Jun 27, Actress Julia Roberts and singer Lyle Lovett were wed in Marion, Ind. The marriage ended in divorce.
    (AP, 6/27/98)
1993        Jun 27, US warships fired 24 Tomahawk cruise missiles at intelligence headquarters in Baghdad in retaliation for the assassination plot. The Iraqis claimed 8 dead. Iraqis pulled their dead from the rubble of buildings wrecked by U.S. missiles during an early morning raid ordered by President Clinton in reprisal for an alleged assassination plot against former President Bush.
    (SFC, 9/4/96, p.A8)(AP, 6/27/98)
1993        Jun 27, Laila al-Attar (48), painter and head of Iraq’s institute for the arts, was one of at least 6 civilians killed when 23 US Tomahawk cruise missiles hit Baghdad. She had painted an unflattering portrait of Pres. Bush on the floor of a hotel lobby.
    (WSJ, 5/31/02, p.A1)

1994        Jun 27, President Clinton replaced White House chief of staff Mack McLarty with budget director Leon Panetta.
    (AP, 6/27/99)
1994        Jun 27, U.S. Coast Guard cutters intercepted 1,330 Haitian boat people on the high seas in one of the busiest days since refugees began leaving Haiti following a 1991 military coup.
    (AP, 6/27/99)

1995        Jun 27, The space shuttle “Atlantis" blasted off on a historic flight to link up with Russia’s space station “Mir" and bring home American astronaut Norman Thagard.
    (AP, 6/27/00)
1995        Jun 27, The San Francisco Chronicle received a message from the Unabomber threatening to blow up a plane by the July Fourth weekend. The Unabomber later called the threat a prank.
    (AP, 6/27/00)

1996        Jun 27, President Clinton and other Group of Seven leaders meeting in Lyon, France, pledged solidarity against terrorism following a truck bombing in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 Americans.
    (AP, 6/27/97)
1996        Jun 27, A Dallas police officer was charged with trying to hire a hit man to kill football star Michael Irvin; Johnnie Hernandez later pleaded guilty to solicitation of capital murder. He was sentenced to serve two concurrent six-year prison terms, and was paroled in 1998.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
1996        Jun 27, The GM North Tarreytown Assembly Plant produced its last minivan prior to closure for the remaining 2,100 workers.
    (WSJ, 6/26/96, p.A1)
1996        Jun 27, A team of scientists using the Hubble space telescope believe that they have identified galaxies that were formed 14-7.5 Billion years ago. The images, called the Hubble Deep Field, were made in Dec. and released in Jan.
    (SFC, 6/27/96, p.A1)
1996        Jun 27, Anne Marie Fahey (30), the secretary of Gov. Thomas Carper, disappeared from Wilmington after dining at a Philadelphia restaurant with Thomas Capano. Capano, a prominent lawyer who had dated Fahey, was later accused of her murder based on testimony from his two brothers, who had helped him dispose the body. In 1998 Capano admitted that he disposed Fahey’s body but insisted that her death was an accident. In 1998 Capano testified that Fahey was shot accidentally by former mistress Deborah MacIntyre, who denied the charge. Capano was convicted by a jury on Jan 17, 1999. On Mar 16, 1999, Capano was sentenced to death.
    (SFEC,12/14/97, p.A4)(SFEC, 10/5/98, p.A5)(SFC, 10/27/98, p.A2)(SFC, 12/22/98, p.A2)(SFC, 1/18/99, p.A2)(SFC, 3/17/99, p.A2)
1996        Jun 27, Albert R. “Cubby" Broccoli (87), film producer, died. Together with Harry Saltzman, Broccoli produced the James Bond series of films. His forbears in Italy invented the broccoli vegetable by crossing Italian rabe with cauliflower.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.B6)(MC, 6/27/02)
1996        Jun 27, Mollie Beattie (1947-1996), head of the US Fish and Wildlife Service from 1993, died.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.B6)
1996        Jun 27, A report from London said that the British Library had acquired Buddhist texts that date back as early as the 2nd cent AD. The texts were believed to be part of the canon of the Sarvastivadin sect, which dominated Gandhara, now north Pakistan and east Afghanistan.
    (SFC, 6/27/96, p.A12)
1996        Jun 27, Gay marriages were legalized in Iceland.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A14)
1996        Jun 27, A report from the World Health Organization said that South Africa has the worst tuberculosis problem in the world and that drug-resistant forms (XDR-TB) of the disease were spreading rapidly.
    (SFC, 6/27/96, p.A12)(Econ, 2/24/07, p.58)
1996        Jun 27, In Turkey thousands of troops poured into northern Iraq and killed dozens of separatist Kurds.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A14)
1996        Jun 27, Ugandans voted for a new parliament. 814 candidates ran as individuals.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A14)

1997        Jun 27, The US announced agreements with Vietnam to expand ties.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A11)
1997        Jun 27, The Supreme Court threw out a key part of the Brady gun-control law, saying the federal government could not make local police decide whether people are fit to buy handguns. However, the court left intact the five-day waiting period for gun purchases.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A1)(AP, 6/27/98)
1997        Jun 27, It was reported that researchers have discovered the first defective gene that causes Parkinson’s disease. The mutated gene produces a defective version of the brain protein alpha synuclein.
    (WSJ, 6/27/97, p.B6)
1997        Jun 27, It was reported that some 42 dead seals were washed ashore at Point Reyes National Seashore in California in a ten day window in late May and early June. Cause of death was unknown but new deaths seemed to have stopped.
    (SFC, 6/27/97, p.A24)
1997        Jun 27, China announced that it would send 4,000 troops into Hong Kong six hours after the former colony is handed over to Chinese control.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A1)
1997        Jun 27, In China a major fire at a petrochemical plant outside Beijing caused many deaths and injuries. News of the fire was restricted to maintain an official tone of celebration for the Hong Kong transfer.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A13)
1997        Jun 27, In the Congo Etienne Tshisekedi was released.
    (WSJ, 6/30/97, p.A1)
1997        Jun 27, In Russia an explosive device was set off on a train as it approached Torbino, 140 miles southeast of St. Petersburg, and 3 people were killed.
    (SFC, 6/28/97, p.A11)
1997        Jun 27, A Tajikistan formal peace accord was signed in Moscow that was brokered by Russia and Iran. A power sharing arrangement was foreseen between Pres. Emomali Rakhmanov and opposition leader Said Abdullo. The opposition led by the Islamic Renaissance Party (IRPT) was guaranteed 30% of government positions.  Up to 150,000 people had been killed in the 5-year civil war.
    (WSJ, 6/30/97, p.A11)(SFC, 11/3/00, p.D2)(Econ, 11/11/06, p.50)(Econ., 3/14/15, p.42)

1998        Jun 27, Pres. Clinton held a live news conference with Pres. Jiang Zemin in Beijing that was broadcast across China. President Clinton and President Jiang Zemin offered an uncensored airing of differences on human rights, freedom, trade and Tibet.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, p.A1)(AP, 6/27/99)
1998        Jun 27, Heavy thunderstorms in the Northeast and Midwest left at least 5 people dead. The annual Ben & Jerry’s One World One Heart festival at Sugarbush, Vermont, was cancelled.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, p.A8)
1998        Jun 27, In Burma soldiers of the Light Infantry Battalion 246 shot and killed 23 villagers in Kaeng Tawn. The dead included 7 children and 2 women.
    (SFC, 8/8/98, p.A12)
1998        Jun 27, In Germany some 10,000 gays and lesbians took part in the 20th commemoration of Christopher St. Day with a march through Berlin.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, p.A20)
1998        Jun 27, In East Timor Manuel Soares (21) was shot dead in Manatuto when troops opened fire to quell a clash between Pro-Indonesia and pro-independence supporters. Three EU envoys arrived on a fact-finding mission.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, p.A20)
1998        Jun 27, In Malaysia the new $3.61 bil airport at Kuala Lumpur was scheduled to open. The new $2.25 billion int’l. airport covered 25,000 acres and was opened by King Tuanku Jaafar.
    (WSJ, 8/30/96, p.B8B)(SFEC, 6/28/98, p.A17)
1998        Jun 27, In southern Turkey a 6.3 earthquake around Adana and Ceyhan killed at least 144 people and injured about a 1,000.
    (SFEC, 6/28/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 6/29/98, p.A1)(SFC, 7/4/98, p.A7)

1999        Jun 27, Juli Inkster shot a 6-under 65 to win the LPGA Championship, becoming the second woman to win the modern career Grand Slam. The first was Pat Bradley.
    (AP, 6/27/00)
1999        Jun 27, The Seattle Mariners beat the Texas Rangers 5-to-2 in the final game at the Kingdome.
    (AP, 6/27/00)
1999        Jun 27, In Algeria the president raised the death toll in the 7-year civil war against rebel groups to 100,000.
    (WSJ, 6/28/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 27, Colombia devalued its currency by lowering its trading band by 9%.
    (WSJ, 6/29/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 27, In Germany a bomb in Merseburg injured 16 people.
    (WSJ, 6/28/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 27, Former Greek Col. George Papadopoulos died of cancer in a guarded hospital in Athens at age 80. He led the 1967-to-74 military dictatorship.
    (SFC, 6/28/99, p.A19)(AP, 6/27/00)
1999        Jun 27, In Kosovo ethnic Albanians burned and looted the village of Belo Polje. KLA men raped and killed a mentally ill Serbian woman.
    (SFC, 6/28/99, p.A1)
1999        Jun 27, In Sri Lanka an offensive against Tamil rebels left 16 government soldiers and 41 guerrillas dead.
    (WSJ, 6/28/99, p.A1)

2000        Jun 27, US House Republicans cut a deal to allow direct sales of food to Cuba for the first time in four decades.
    (AP, 6/27/01)
2000        Jun 27, In Chechnya 2 days of fighting left 12 Russians dead and up to 60 rebels killed according to Russian officials.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.C6)
2000        Jun 27, In Poland 107 participants joined to endorse a declaration of the “community of democracies." France alone excluded itself.
    (SFC, 6/28/00, p.B10)
2000        Jun 27, In Zimbabwe Pres. Mugabe promised to work with the newly elected parliament. The Movement for Democratic Change made historic gains and won 57 seats vs. 62 for Mugabe’s ZANU-PF party.
    (SFC, 6/28/00, p.A12)(AP, 6/27/01)

2001        Jun 27, The Federal Reserve cut interest rates by one-quarter percent. to 3.75%.
    (SFC, 6/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 27, Chico O’Farrill, Afro-Cuban jazz trumpeter, died at age 79 in NY.
    (WSJ, 7/2/01, p.A1)(SFC, 6/30/01, p.A18)
2001        Jun 27, Jack Lemmon (b.1925), film actor, died in Los Angeles. His work included the film "The Odd Couple," in which he played Felix Unger. Tony Randall played Felix Unger in the TV series.
    (WSJ, 6/29/01, p. A1)(UFB, 4/22/02)(AP, 6/27/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.111)
2001        Jun 27, Kofi Annan was nominated for a 2nd 5-year term as UN Sec.-Gen.
    (WSJ, 6/28/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 27, The United Nations concluded a three-day special session on HIV/AIDS after adopting a 16-page Declaration of Commitment which set tough targets for reducing infection rates and called for protecting the rights of infected people. It also included a 5-year plan to boost spending in low and middle income nations to $7-10 billion
    (SFC, 6/28/01, p.A1)(AP, 6/27/02)
2001        Jun 27, It was reported that Wang Guoqi, a Chinese doctor seeking political asylum, had presented a written statement to US authorities that he had taken part in harvesting body parts from executed prisoners in China. China meanwhile observed UN anti-drug day by executing dozens of people for drug crimes. China denied the accusations.
    (SFC, 6/27/01, p.A10)(SFC, 6/29/01, p.D4)
2001        Jun 27, Tove Jansson (b.1914), writer and creator of the Moomin family of trolls, died in Finland. She began her 1st Moomin book in 1939. The Swedish-speaking Finnish novelist, painter, illustrator and comic strip author received the Hans Christian Andersen Medal in 1966. In 2014 Tuula Karjalainen’s “Tove Jansson: Work and Love" became available in English.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tove_Jansson)

2002        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court ruled to allow random drug searches in public schools on students who engage in extracurricular activities. The court also upheld a Cleveland school voucher program in Zelman vs. Simmons-Harris.
    (SFC, 6/28/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/10/03, p.D5)
2002        Jun 27, A US Air Force pilot was killed when his A10 “Warthog" crashed during a training mission in eastern France.
    (SFC, 6/28/02, p.A14)
2002        Jun 27, John Entwistle (57), bassist for The Who, died in Las Vegas.
    (SFC, 6/28/02, p.A2)
2002        Jun 27-28, In Afghanistan an arsenal exploded at Spinbaldak and 19 people were killed. A 1st blast was called both a controlled explosion and the result of a rocket attack.
    (SFC, 6/29/02, p.A12)(SSFC, 6/30/02, p.A15)
2002        Jun 27, In Argentina thousands of government opponents marched in anger after a police crackdown on jobless protesters a day earlier left two dead and 90 wounded.
    (AP, 6/27/02)
2002        Jun 27, Rescue helicopters from the South African ship Agulhas picked up 21 Russian scientists from the Magdalena Oldendorff, trapped in ice near Antarctica. 1,100 pounds of food was delivered to the remaining 86 people. Another 48 were rescued the next day.
    (SFC, 6/28/02, p.A14)(SFC, 6/29/02, p.A14)
2002        Jun 27, Belgian authorities signed agreements to pay about $55 million to the country's Jewish community for property lost during the Nazi occupation.
    (AP, 6/27/02)
2002        Jun 27, Burundian rebels said they had repelled a major government offensive against bases in the Kibera National Park, saying 35 government soldiers had been killed in five day of fighting.
    (AP, 6/27/02)
2002        Jun 27, In Canada G-8 leaders signed an agreement with African leaders to support development. It was pointed out that US farm subsidies contradicted African exports. World leaders broadly backed a controversial plan by George W. Bush to end the Middle East crisis, although they mostly stopped short of endorsing his insistence that Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat quit. They agreed to spend $20 billion over the next 10 years to decommission weapons from the former Soviet republics.
    (Reuters, 6/27/02)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.A11)
2002        Jun 27, In Colombia more than 100 government officials defied rebel death threats, withdrawing their resignations and agreeing to go back to work. Authorities confirmed that Rigo Calvo, mayor of La Sierra, was abducted.
    (AP, 6/27/02)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.A12)
2002        Jun 27, Cuba's one-party socialist state was engraved in the constitution as "irrevocable" after Fidel Castro's communist parliament followed his lead and rejected domestic and foreign efforts to introduce democratic reforms.
    (AP, 6/27/02)
2002        Jun 27, The mayor of the Bavarian town of Roeckingen, who has been missing since early March, was found dead in a forest in the western Czech Republic, police said Thursday.
    (AP, 6/27/02)
2002        Jun 27, Israel's army urged Palestinians holed up under fire for a third day in a West Bank compound to surrender Thursday, warning it will overrun the battered Hebron government complex if those inside refuse to come out. Helicopter gunships fired missiles into the Hebron complex.
    (AP, 6/27/02)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.A10)
2002        Jun 27, In India's Jammu-Kashmir 9 people, including three soldiers, were killed and 22 wounded in separate incidents of violence.
    (Reuters, 6/27/02)(SFC, 6/28/02, p.A14)
2002        Jun 27, Muslim guerrillas killed a Philippine army officer and wounded five soldiers in a gun battle on a southern island where three Indonesian seamen have been held hostage for more than a week.
    (Reuters, 6/27/02)
2002        Jun 27, In central Somalia rival militias fought a fierce battle over the deaths of fellow clansmen, leaving 23 people dead and 40 wounded just one day after a peace deal was reached.
    (AP, 6/27/02)
2002        Jun 27, In Khartoum, Sudan, representatives of 57 Muslim nations pledged support for Palestinians in a resolution that made no mention of President Bush's call for Palestinians to elect a new leadership. In 21 months of violence, 1,739 people have been killed on the Palestinian side and 564 people on the Israeli side.
    (AP, 6/27/02)
2002        Jun 27, In Uganda guerrillas of the Lord's Resistance Army killed 7 rangers at Murchison Falls Nat'l. Park and abducted at least 10 others.
    (SFC, 6/29/02, p.A9)

2003        Jun 27, The American public poured an avalanche of discontent into the new national do-not-call list (www.donotcall.gov), registering over 735,000 phone numbers on the 1st day.
    (AP, 6/28/03)(SFC, 6/28/03, p.A1)
2003        Jun 27, The Central African Republic's former PM fled after being granted asylum in France, ending five months holed up in the French Embassy after a coup here.
    (AP, 6/27/03)
2003        Jun 27, In India thousands of fish in the Gomati River died when monsoon rains sent a huge overflow of untreated sewage into the water, causing a drastic drop in oxygen levels. The fish were already ailing from the persistent flow of untreated sewage. A cleanup was important because Lucknow's 2 million people depend on the river for drinking water.
    (AP, 8/23/03)
2003        Jun 27, Israeli and Palestinian leaders agreed for Israel to begin withdrawing forces from areas of the Gaza Strip and returning security control to Palestinian officers. In 33 months of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, 2,414 people have been killed on the Palestinian side and 806 on the Israeli side.
    (AP, 6/27/03)(SFC, 6/28/03, p.A1)

2004        Jun 27, Insurgents threatened to behead Cpl. Wassef Ali Hassoun, a U.S. Marine who'd vanished in Iraq, in a videotape that aired on Arab television. However, Hassoun contacted American officials in his native Lebanon the following month; after being reunited with his family in Utah, Hassoun disappeared in December.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2004        Jun 27, In Lithuania Valdas Adamkus won the 2nd round of elections against center-left candidate Kazimira Prunskiene.
    (WSJ, 6/28/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 27, Hundreds of thousands of Mexicans wearing white staged a silent march through the heart of their nation's capital to protest kidnappings, violent crimes and the failures of law enforcement to curb them.
    (AP, 6/27/04)
2004        Jun 27, In Mongolia elections the renamed Communists lost their majority to an opposition block. The left-leaning MPRP won 36 seats while the MDC took 34.
    (WSJ, 6/29/04, p.A1)(Econ, 8/7/04, p.35)
2004        Jun 27, Palestinian militants blew up an Israeli army post with explosives in a tunnel near the Gush Katif settlement in the Gaza Strip. At least one soldier was killed. A firefight followed that left 2 Palestinians dead.
    (SFC, 6/28/04, p.A6)
2004        Jun 27, Serbia held elections. Pro-Western Boris Tadic led early polls over the ultranationalist candidate, Tomislav Nikolic. Boris Tadic, won 53.5 percent of votes.
    (AP, 6/28/04)
2004        Jun 27, Saudi Arabia dispatched two planeloads of aid to Sudan's war-torn western region of Darfur.
    (AFP, 6/27/04)
2004        Jun 27, Turkey rejected the demands of Islamic militants who are threatening to behead three of its kidnapped citizens during a visit by President Bush to Turkey.
    (AP, 6/27/04)
2004        Jun 27, Over 40 thousand Turks chanting anti-Bush slogans demonstrated against the president's visit to their country and a NATO summit. NATO leaders closed ranks on a pledge to take a bigger military role in Iraq; Pres. Bush declared that the alliance was poised to "meet the threats of the 21st century." Pres. Bush called on the EU to admit Turkey as a member.
    (AP, 6/27/04)(Econ, 9/11/04, p.50)(AP, 6/27/05)

2005        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that Kentucky cannot display framed copies of the Ten Commandments in county courthouses, and allowed the Texas statehouse to keep the commandments as part of a display on its grounds.
    (AP, 6/27/05)(SFC, 6/28/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court also ruled that cable-TV companies are not required to share their high-speed Internet connections with rivals.
    (WSJ, 6/28/05, p.B1)
2005        Jun 27, In Kansas BTK suspect Dennis Rader (60) pleaded guilty to 10 counts of first-degree murder, admitting in a chillingly matter-of-fact voice to a series of slayings that terrorized the city from 1974-1991. Rader later received multiple life sentences.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2005        Jun 27, Wal-Mart heir John T. Walton (58), crashed and died while at the controls of a homemade, experimental aircraft near Jackson Hole Airport, Wyoming. His net worth was over $18 billion. Walton supported efforts to educate low-income children.
    (AP, 6/28/05)(SFC, 6/28/05, p.A2)
2005        Jun 27, Shelby Foote (b.1916), novelist and historian, died in Memphis. His books included the multi-volume “The Civil War: A Narrative" (1958-1974).
    (SFC, 6/29/05, p.B7)
2005        Jun 27, Bangladesh opposition parties led by the Awami League staged a human-chain protest in Dhaka against what they called an anti-people budget taking effect on Friday.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, Bosnian Serb police said they had arrested 11 people on war crimes charges.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, PM Tony Blair defended Britain's deportation of failed Zimbabwean asylum seekers, a policy that has triggered a refugee hunger strike.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, Colombia's main leftist rebel group offered to swap three kidnapped American defense contractors for two guerrilla leaders jailed in the United States, but the US government immediately rejected the proposal.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 27, In northeastern Congo militia fighters using women and children as human shields battled with UN peacekeepers south of Bunia.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, French investigators raided the home and offices of finance minister Thierry Breton. It was part of a criminal probe sparked by complaints filed by Rhodia investors Hughes de Lasteyrie du Saillant and Edouard Stern. [see Mar 1]
    (WSJ, 6/30/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 27, France, Germany, Brazil and Chile called for a tax on airline tickets to help finance the global fight against poverty.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 27, Iraqi Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari said that two years would be "more than enough" to establish security in his country, a task Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld believes may take up to 12 years.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, The US military said it planned to expand its prisons across Iraq to hold as many as 16,000 detainees.
    (SFC, 6/28/05, p.A3)
2005        Jun 27, A US Apache attack helicopter crashed north of Baghdad, killing both pilots. A car bomb exploded between a movie house and mosque in eastern Baghdad, killing at least four people and injuring 16.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, An Israeli military court convicted Wahid Taysir, a former Israeli soldier, of manslaughter in the killing of Tom Hurndall, a pro-Palestinian British activist on Apr 11, 2003. Taysir, a member of Israel's Bedouin Arab minority, charged the army with racism, saying he was prosecuted because he is an Arab and his victim was a foreigner.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, An undersea cable carrying data between Pakistan and the outside world developed a serious fault, virtually crippling data feeds, including the Internet.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 27, It was reported that a heat wave across Pakistan has killed about 175 people over the past eight days.
    (Reuters, 6/27/05)
2005        June 27, In Somalia gunman hijacked the MV Semlow, a ship carrying food aid, and held the vessel for 100 days before it was released Oct. 4.
    (AP, 10/12/05)
2005        Jun 27, South African trade unions staged a one-day nationwide strike to protest high unemployment and job losses, with employers reporting a mixed response at job sites and tens of thousands of protesters marching in major cities.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, A meeting in Istanbul of the World Tribunal on Iraq, the culmination of 20 meetings around the world over the last 2 years, called the invasion and occupation of Iraq illegal. The symbolic tribunal sought the immediate withdrawal of coalition forces from Iraq and payment of reparations for the damage caused during the conflict.
    (AP, 6/27/05)
2005        Jun 27, The UN said it wanted to move hundreds of Uzbek refugees to third countries from camps in Kyrgyzstan because there were fears Uzbekistan might try to snatch them and take them home by force.
    (AP, 6/27/05)

2006        Jun 27, A constitutional amendment to ban desecration of the American flag died in a US Senate cliffhanger, falling one vote short of the 67 needed to send it to states for ratification.
    (AP, 6/27/07)
2006        Jun 27, US Surgeon General Richard Carmona issued a report that said secondhand smoke dramatically increases the risk of heart disease and lung cancer in nonsmokers.
    (SFC, 6/28/06, p.A11)
2006        Jun 27, Washington DC was scheduled to begin a campaign to screen every resident (14-84) for the AIDS virus. DC was experiencing the highest rate of new AIDS cases in the US.
    (SSFC, 6/25/06, p.A8)
2006        Jun 27, A US federal court in Hawaii authorized partial compensation of $2,000 each to about 7,500 victims of human rights abuses under late Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 27, In California the Berkeley City Council passed a resolution to let the public vote on the November 7 ballot for the impeachment of President Bush.
    (SFC, 6/29/06, p.B1)
2006        Jun 27, The City Council of Oakland, Ca., passed a measure to ban Styrofoam food packaging for restaurant takeout food effective January, 2007.
    (SFC, 6/29/06, p.B3)
2006        Jun 27, Railroad Killer'' Angel Maturino Resendiz, linked to 15 murders, was executed in Texas for the slaying of physician Claudia Benton in 1998.
    (AP, 6/27/07)
2006        Jun 27, In Afghanistan 2 members of the UK armed forces were killed in action in Helmand province. 2 Afghan soldiers and 11 insurgents were killed in the fighting. 2 civilians died in a suicide blast aimed at a German patrol in the north.
    (AP, 6/27/06)(SFC, 6/28/06, p.A13)
2006        Jun 27, In northeastern Brazil a two-story abandoned building collapsed onto three houses and a construction supply store in Recife, killing 7 people and injuring 7 others.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 27, Archbishop Rowan Williams, head of the 80 million member Anglican Communion, suggested the communion could break up into a core of constituent churches willing to sign a doctrinal covenant on homosexuality and other thorny issues.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.52)
2006        Jun 27, Chechnya's new separatist leader named warlord Shamil Basayev, wanted by Russia for a string of shocking terrorist attacks, as his vice president in a move that could signal a radicalization of the Chechen rebel movement.
    (AP, 6/29/06)
2006        Jun 27, China’s government said a law imposing fines on media that report emergencies such as riots and natural disasters without official approval could go into effect by October. A rights group urged Beijing to scrap it. Xinhua News said a cache of dynamite exploded in a house in northern Shaanxi province, killing at least 10 people and injuring 20.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2006        Jun 27, Egyptian security forces shot dead two men named as members of a group behind deadly bombings in Sinai tourist resorts.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2006        Jun 27, Ethiopia claimed to have killed more than 110 rebels allegedly sent by arch-foe Horn of Africa neighbor Eritrea to destabilize the country since the beginning of the month. Eritrea flatly rejected the claim.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2006        Jun 27, One of Iraq's largest Sunni Arab groups endorsed the prime minister's national reconciliation plan, and the government announced new benefits to help freed detainees return to normal lives. A suicide car bomb also struck a busy gas station in the northern city of Kirkuk, killing at least three people and wounding 17. A professor at a technology university in Baghdad was gunned down in a drive-by shooting in the upscale neighborhood of Mansour. Police found the bullet-riddled bodies of five men, including three who were handcuffed, in two areas of Baghdad. A US Marine and a soldier were killed in separate attacks west and south of Baghdad, while another US soldier died the day before in the volatile Anbar province.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2006        Jun 27, The Cabinet of PM Bertie Ahern agreed to use the Republic of Ireland's Gaelic name, Eire (pronounced AIR-uh), during EU summits.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 27, Italy's ruling coalition agreed to withdraw as many as 400 soldiers from Afghanistan, dealing another blow to US-led military efforts overseas.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2006        Jun 27, A Japanese government white paper on youth said the number of child abuse cases reported in the year to March 2005 surged to 33,408 from 26,569 the year before, a rise of 25.7 percent.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2006        Jun 27, Netherlands’ Immigration Minister Rita Verdonk reversed a politically divisive decision of six weeks earlier, when she announced Hirsi Ali's 1997 naturalization was invalid because she lied on her asylum application.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 27, The rival Hamas and Fatah movements agreed on a plan implicitly recognizing Israel, after weeks of acrimonious negotiations aiming to lift crippling international aid sanctions. A Palestinian militant leader said a captured Israeli soldier was being held in a "secure place," and he claimed that his group also seized a Jewish settler in the West Bank. A massive explosion demolished a car traveling near the residence of President Mahmoud Abbas, killing an unknown number of people inside. The blast scattered debris and body parts up to 200 yards away. The Israeli army said it was not involved in the blast.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2006        Jun 27, In Mogadishu, Somalia, members of an Islamic militia that controls most of southern Somalia battled for a clan-held checkpoint, killing five people before declaring victory.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2006        Jun 27, Renegade Tamil militants killed at least four members of the Tamil Tiger rebel group in eastern Sri Lanka.
    (AP, 6/27/06)
2006        Jun 27, In Thailand prosecutors asked the Constitutional Court to disband both the governing Thai Rak Thai (TRT) and the main opposition Democrats for gross misconduct in the April elections. In southern Thailand 7 people were killed by suspected Islamic insurgents in attacks, including a bombing that left five security officers dead.
    (Econ, 7/1/06, p.38)(AFP, 6/27/06)
2006        Jun 27, Vietnamese legislators elected Nguyen Minh Triet (63), the Communist Party chief for Ho Chi Minh City, as the country's new president in a leadership shuffle. Triet, in turn, nominated Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, 56, to become the next PM.
    (AP, 6/27/06)

2007        Jun 27, Under the banner, "If another world is possible, another US is necessary," 10,000 civil society activists gathered in Atlanta, Georgia, for the beginning of the first US Social Forum (USSF).
    (IPS, 6/30/07)
2007        Jun 27, Don Harvey and his wife, Joyce, of Oklahoma won a $105.8 million Powerball lottery. They chose to receive a $33.3 million lump sum after taxes instead of the full amount paid out over 29 years.
    (AP, 6/29/07)
2007        Jun 27, In her first televised interview since being released from custody, a demure Paris Hilton told CNN's Larry King she would never again drink and drive and that her time in jail was "a time-out in life."
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2007        Jun 27, The annual Merrill Lynch World Wealth Report said 9.5 million people in 2006 held at least $1 million in financial assets, excluding the value of their primary home, for a combined value of $37.2 trillion.
    (SFC, 6/28/07, p.C1)
2007        Jun 27, It was reported that the United Auto Group (UAG) will soon change its name to Penske Automotive Group. The company planned to become the sole US distributor of DaimlerChrysler AG’s Smart car in 2008.
    (WSJ, 6/27/07, p.A8)
2007        Jun 27, It was reported that Salvia divinorum, a leafy hallucinogenic green plant from Mexico, was readily available in the SF Bay Area for $15-50 a hit. The effect was said to be short-lived and not in wide-spread use.
    (SFC, 6/27/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 27, Nevada Solar One, the first large CSP (concentrating solar power) plant built since the 1980s, went online with a capacity to generate 64 megawatts.
    (Econ, 9/15/07, p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nevada_Solar_One)
2007        Jun 27, Torrential storms flooded parts of central Texas, stranding people on roofs, in trees and in vehicles. Constant downpours claimed 11 lives in the last 11 days.
    (AP, 6/27/07)(AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 27, William M. Jenkins (b.1919), former CEO of Seattle-First National Bank, died on Bainbridge Island, Wash. His term ended after the bank was forced into a merger due to bad loans following the 1982 failure of Oklahoma’s Penn Square Bank.
    (WSJ, 1/14/07, p.A4)
2007        Jun 27, In Brazil police backed by helicopters raided Rio’s notorious Alemao shantytown and killed 19 suspected drug traffickers in pitched gunbattles.
    (AP, 6/28/07)(Econ, 8/4/07, p.34)
2007        Jun 27, Gordon Brown became British prime minister, promising a new government with new priorities, after Tony Blair resigned to end a decade in power. Major Western powers agreed on the mandate for a new Middle East envoy and named Tony Blair to the position after he stepped down as prime minister. A statement from the Quartet (US, UN, EU, Russia) said Blair will focus on mobilizing international support and assistance for the Palestinians.
    (AP, 6/27/07)(Reuters, 6/27/07)(AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 27, Canada’s government said it will ban all smoking in federal prisons next year to improve the health of prisoners, staff and visitors.
    (Reuters, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 27, Chinese inspectors, following a six-month crackdown, said industrial oils, acid, cancer-causing chemicals and other dangerous ingredients have been found in thousands of foods. The government said it closed 180 food manufacturers found to have used industrial chemicals and additives in food products. A state news agency quoted China's chief auditor saying auditors have found that officials stole or misused $1.9 billion in pension funds and other government money. Cases in the latest investigations stretched back to before 2000.
    (AFP, 6/27/07)(AP, 6/27/07)(WSJ, 6/28/07, p.A8)
2007        Jun 27, Egyptian archaeologists said the mummy of an obese woman, who likely suffered from diabetes and liver cancer, has been identified as that of Queen Hatshepsut, Egypt's most powerful female pharaoh. Hatshepsut, who ruled Egypt in the 15th century B.C., was known for dressing like a man and wearing a false beard. But when her rule ended, all traces of her mysteriously disappeared, including her mummy. Discovered in 1903 in the Valley of the Kings, the mummy was left on site until two months ago, when it was brought to the Cairo Museum for testing.
    (AP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 27, An Egyptian state-run news agency said Ashraf Marwan (62), the controversial son-in-law of Egypt's late President Gamal Abdel Nasser, has died in London. Marwan was suspected of being a double agent for Israel during the 1973 war.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 27, Power blackouts hit 13 locations in Athens and 95 fires were reported across Greece amid a heat wave that has killed dozens of people in southeast Europe over the past week.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 27, In Iran 2 gas stations were torched early in Tehran as angry Iranians protested fuel rationing measures suddenly enforced by the government, while many other Iranians lined up to fill their tanks.
    (AP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 27, In Iraq a parked car exploded near a Shiite shrine in the Kazimiya district of Baghdad killing at least 14 people. Roadside bombs killed five policemen in Samarra and another five civilians in Baghdad. In Sadr City two people were killed in separate cars enveloped in a barrage of gunfire. Unknown gunmen opened fire on a civilian car in southwestern Baghdad, killing a man and wounding his son who was riding with him. Gunmen opened fire on a minibus in western Baghdad, injuring five civilians including the driver. In all at least 80 Iraqis were killed or found dead across the country. 3 British soldiers were killed in a roadside bomb in southern Iraq. One American soldier was killed and 4 wounded in a roadside bombing in Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/27/07)(AP, 6/28/07)(SFC, 6/28/07, p.A19)
2007        Jun 27, Israeli attacks in the Gaza Strip killed 13 Palestinians, including a 12-year-old boy, and wounded over 40 others.
    (AP, 6/27/07)(SFC, 6/28/07, p.A12)
2007        Jun 27, In Abidjan, Ivory Coast, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi said his plan for a United States of Africa should include creating a two million strong army to staunch recurrent conflicts which have ravaged many of the continent's nations. He was on his way to an African Union summit beginning on July 1 in neighboring Ghana's capital Accra.
    (Reuters, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 27, A Kazakhstan court convicted 21 medical workers for their roles in infecting scores of children with the virus that causes AIDS in a case that has outraged the country. Health officials said 118 children and 14 mothers have been confirmed as contracting HIV. The Shymkent district court gave suspended sentences to five senior health officials. 16 medical workers were sentenced to prison sentences of up to five years.
    (AP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 27, In Maputo US first lady Laura Bush announced $507 million in assistance would be approved for Mozambique to build roads and boost its battle with malaria, which kills about 150 Mozambicans each day.
    (AP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 27, A special commission of Poland's Roman Catholic Church said that documents in secret police files showed "about a dozen" living bishops had ties to the communist-era secret services.
    (AP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 27, Moscow legislators approved a fifth term for Mayor Yuri Luzhkov, whom critics accuse of running the city like a personal fiefdom.
    (AP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 27, South Africa's main international airport faced major disruption after a deadly cold snap which saw the heaviest snowfalls in Johannesburg for more than two decades.
    (AP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 27, Majzub al-Khalifa, a close adviser to Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir tasked with handling the Darfur crisis, was killed in a road crash.
    (AFP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 27, A Swiss investigator said European governments have built a "wall of silence" surrounding their complicity with a CIA program that included holding terrorist suspects in secret jails.
    (AP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 27, Officials said independent tests carried out in Italy have confirmed the presence for the first time of the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu in poultry from Togo. Several thousand poultry birds have been found dead in Togo recently, most of them in the past week on the one farm in Sigbehoue.
    (AFP, 6/27/07)
2007        Jun 27, Gen. Yasar Buyukanit, Turkey's military chief, asked his government to set political guidelines for an incursion into northern Iraq to fight Kurdish guerrillas.
    (AP, 6/27/07)

2008        Jun 27, Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton began their joint Democratic campaign In Unity, NH.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 27, US National Guard leaders ended a 5-day convention with their spouses in St. Thomas as their equipment accounts tallied a $47.5 billion deficit.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A2)
2008        Jun 27, Settlement documents were filed for Steven Hatfill, a former Fort Detrick, Md., Army scientist. He had been named in 2002 as a person of interest in the 2001 anthrax attacks. He will receive $5.8 million to settle his lawsuit against the Justice Department. Hatfill claimed the Justice Department violated his privacy rights by speaking with reporters about the case.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 27, The US CDC said at least 810 Americans have been sickened by the strain Salmonella Saintpaul in tomatoes. The source of the tomatoes was made difficult due to the process of repacking tomatoes at distribution centers. As the number sickened reached nearly 1000 CDC officials began to look at other possibilities for the outbreak, including cilantro and jalapeno and Serrano peppers.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.B1)(WSJ, 7/5/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 27, In SF city officials celebrated the dedication of the Kroc Corps Community Center and Railton Place on turk Street. The center and housing facility was the 2nd to open with funds from philanthropist Joan Kroc (d.2003), widow of McDonald’s billionaire Ray Kroc. She had left the Salvation Army some $1.5 billion.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 27, Leaders of the Presbyterian Church in the US, meeting in San Jose, Ca., overturned a ban on the ordination of gays and lesbians.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.A2)
2008        Jun 27, Archbishop Raymond Burke of St. Louis, a church law expert known for his tough stance that politicians who support abortion rights be denied Holy Communion, was named to head the Vatican's supreme court.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 27, The Mississippi River burst a levee inundating the small town of Winfield, Missouri.
    (WSJ, 6/28/08, p.A1)
2008        Jun 27, The US stock markets entered bear territory as a decline in the Dow Jones of 106.91 marked a 20% drop from a peak in October. Crude oil closed at 140.21.
    (SFC, 6/28/08, p.C1)
2008        Jun 27, Michael Turner (b.1971), comic book artist, died in Santa Monica of complications related to cancer. His company, Aspen MLT, created online comic adaptations for the NBC series “Heroes" and published his own titles including Fathom.
    (SFC, 7/4/08, p.B5)
2008        Jun 27, In Afghanistan a British soldier died and two others were injured when their patrol vehicle rolled over. An American special forces soldier was fatally wounded by a bomb during a patrol in Kandahar province.
    (AFP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 27, Canada's highest court allowed a native Indian-only fisheries on a key Pacific coast salmon river, rejecting a complaint the policy fostered racial discrimination.
    (Reuters, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Chechnya a clash left two militants and four police dead, and four more police wounded.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 27, EU and Russian leaders, meeting in Siberia, agreed to launch formal negotiations on a new strategic agreement governing relations. A first round of negotiations will be held in Brussels on July 4.
    (Reuters, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, France's highest administrative body, the Council of State, ruled that the woman, identified only as Faiza X, had "adopted a radical practice of her religion incompatible with the essential values of the French community, notably with the principle of equality of the sexes, and therefore she does not fulfill the conditions of assimilation" listed in the country's Civil Code as a requirement for gaining French citizenship.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Guatemala a helicopter crash killed Interior Minister Vinicio Gomez and three other people.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 27, In India Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw (b.1914) died. He became the 8th chief of the Indian army in 1969 and in 1971 led India’s forces in the war with Pakistan that ended with the creation of Bangladesh.
    (SFC, 7/1/08, p.B5)(Econ, 7/5/08, p.95)
2008        Jun 27, A relative of Iraq’s PM al-Maliki was killed in Hindiyah, about 12 miles east of Karbala, in a raid conducted by 60 US soldiers supported by four helicopters and a fighter jet. Karbala is one of 9 Iraqi provinces where the US has handed over security to local officials.
    (AP, 6/29/08)(SSFC, 6/29/08, p.A9)
2008        Jun 27, Israel refused to fully open crossings with the Gaza Strip and Palestinian militants attacked Israel with mortars, further testing an already fragile truce. Israeli soldiers shot dead Mohammed Alameh (17), a West Bank teenager who threw Molotov cocktails at an army patrol.
    (AP, 6/27/08)(AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Jamaica two gunmen murdered Douggie Chambers, chairman of the Jamaica urban Transit Company. The former accountant and fraud investigator had just finished redundancy terms for 485 workers.
    (Econ, 7/5/08, p.47)
2008        Jun 27, In Japan Group of Eight (G8) powers warned they could take further action against Sudan at the UN Security Council unless it complies with demands to bring Darfur war crimes suspects to justice.
    (AFP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Indian-controlled Kashmir tens of thousands of angry demonstrators filled the streets, burning flags and effigies of Indian leaders on the fifth day of protests against the transfer of land to a Hindu shrine in the Muslim-majority region.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Piedras Negras, Mexico, Chad Foster, the mayor of Eagle Pass, Texas, attended a tree planting ceremony for the first of 400,000 trees which will form a "green wall" in protest of the fence the US is building along the border with Mexico.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 27, Niger government troops clashed with ethnic Tuareg rebels, leaving at least 17 people dead.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, North Korea destroyed the most visible symbol of its nuclear weapons program, blasting apart the cooling tower at its main atomic reactor in a sign of its commitment to stop making plutonium for atomic bombs.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, A gang of Pakistani militants in the Bajur region executed two Afghan prisoners in front of thousands of cheering supporters, beheading Jan Wali (36) and shooting the other after accusing them of aiding a US missile strike. Celebratory gunfire then killed two bystanders and wounded six.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(SFC, 6/28/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 27, In Spain the Basque parliament approved a plan for a regional referendum on self-determination, setting the stage for a confrontation with the central Spanish government in Madrid which has condemned the poll as illegal.
    (AP, 6/27/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Sri Lanka government troops captured Andankulam town in Mannar after a battle that killed 28 rebels and one soldier. Other battles killed 12 rebels and one soldier in the Welioya region, while in the northern Jaffna peninsula, a soldier died in a roadside bomb blast blamed on the rebels.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Sudan a small cargo plane crashed mid-flight, killing 7 crew members, including 5 foreigners, in the third fatal aviation accident to blight the African country in the past two months. There was one survivor. Gunmen killed a Ugandan driver contracted to deliver aid for the World Food Program in Sudan, in the 7th such killing in the country in three months.
    (AFP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/28/08)(AFP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 27, In Zimbabwe marshals led voters to polling stations and bands of government supporters harassed people in the street as the government held an internationally discredited, one-candidate presidential runoff marked by intimidation. A film was taken by prison guard Shepherd Yuda using a camera supplied by the Guardian newspaper. It was smuggled out of Zimbabwe and showed prison staff being told by a war veteran how to fill in their ballot papers for Mugabe.
    (AP, 6/27/08)(Reuters, 7/5/08)

2009        Jun 27, The United States announced a new drug policy for opium-rich Afghanistan, saying it was phasing out funding for eradication programs while significantly increasing its funding for alternate crop and drug interdiction efforts. Insurgent bomb attacks in Afghanistan killed a provincial deputy police chief and two civilians as Taliban militants stormed a checkpoint overnight and killed eight policemen. President Hamid Karzai called on Taliban and other militants to "vote for the president they want" in Afghanistan's presidential election, while a Taliban spokesman said militants would "disrupt" the vote without harming civilians.
    (AP, 6/27/09)(AFP, 6/27/09)
2009        Jun 27, In Los Angeles County a gunman opened fire outside a restaurant in Pico Rivera during a fundraiser by the motorcycle group know as the Old School Riders. 3 people were killed and 7 others injured.
    (SFC, 6/29/09, p.A4)
2009        Jun 27, In Roanoke, Virginia, William Ronald Carter (56), a retired tire factory worker, shot and killed his wife Bonnie (56) and a son (29) and summoned home another son Timothy (22), who was shot but survived. Carter then set the house on fire and killed himself.
    (SFC, 6/30/09, p.A5)
2009        Jun 27, Gale Storm (b.1922 as Josephine Owaissa Cottle), singer and former film and TV star, died. Her wholesome appearance and perky personality made her one of early television's biggest stars on "My Little Margie" (1952-1955) and "The Gale Storm Show" (1956-1960). Her 1980 autobiography was titled "I Ain't Down Yet."
    (AP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 27, In China a nearly finished 13-story apartment building collapsed in Shanghai killing one worker. Authorities soon detained nine people in an investigation into the collapse.
    (AP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 27, In Dagestan Interior Ministry troops patrolling a village south of Makhachkala clashed with a group of 10 gunmen who tried to hole up in village houses, but were driven into surrounding hillsides. A police officer was killed. Officials then called in helicopter gunships and armored vehicles to shell the forests where the gunmen hid out. Troops sweeping the forest the next morning found the bodies of four gunmen.
    (AP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 27, In Hong Kong Michael Mudd, a student at California State University, Chico, caused the crash of a taxi and the death of its driver before commandeering the vehicle and slamming it into another cab. In 2010 Mudd (23) was sentenced to four years and three months in prison.
    (AP, 10/28/10)
2009        Jun 27, In Ireland some 12,000 people marched in this year’s Gay Pride Parade in downtown Dublin.
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A4)
2009        Jun 27, Kyrgyzstan security forces killed three alleged members of a terrorist organization in a shootout. Authorities identified the gunmen as Islamic militants and said one of those killed was their leader, a Kyrgyz citizen who had received training at a terrorist camp in Pakistan. Another of the dead was from Khanabad, a town in neighboring Uzbekistan. The security ministry said they belonged to the Islamic Jihad Group (IJG), an obscure organization that Uzbek authorities have claimed is a splinter group of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 27, Lebanon's president appointed parliamentary majority leader Saad Hariri to become prime minister after his pro-Western coalition defeated a Hezbollah-led alliance in this month's election.
    (AP, 6/27/09)
2009        Jun 27, In Mauritania more than 10 months after being overthrown in a military coup, President Sidi Cheikh Ould Abdallahi, the country’s first freely elected president, gave up his claim to power and officially resigned.
    (AP, 6/27/09)
2009        Jun 27, In Mexico’s western state of Michoacan, gunmen opened fire on a car carrying two forensic investigators in Zamora, killing a chemist and wounding a doctor. In the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, a women and her 3-year-old son were shot to death by unidentified assailants on a highway. Police uncovered a mass grave in central Mexico with the remains of 14 or 15 people believed to have been executed by the Zetas drug gang.
    (AP, 6/27/09)(AP, 7/2/09)
2009        Jun 27, NATO and Russia agreed to resume military ties and agree to cooperate on Afghanistan, counterterrorism and anti-piracy patrols at their first high-level meeting since last year's war between Russia and Georgia.
    (AP, 6/27/09)
2009        Jun 27, Northern Ireland's oldest paramilitary group, the Ulster Volunteer Force, announced its full disarmament, a long-sought peacemaking move that, if confirmed, would formally end the pro-British group's decades of terror against Irish Catholics.
    (AP, 6/27/09)
2009        Jun 27, In Pakistan at least 12 militants were killed and more than a dozen wounded when government forces attacked suspected bases of Mehsud and his Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) in South Waziristan. Two Pakistani fighter jets pounded Taliban militant hideouts in Makeen and Laddah, killing 10 Taliban and injuring 15 others. Overnight, police killed five suspected militants with links to Mehsud who were said to be plotting terrorist attacks on the port city of Karachi. Militants fired six rockets at a security camp and a paramilitary fort in Wana, the main town of South Waziristan. Security forces in retaliation shelled the militants, killing two and wounding three others. A resident said the shelling also killed two civilians and wounded three others. Insurgents fired rockets at Pakistani forces at a South Waziristan paramilitary Frontier Corps camp, killing an officer and injuring three soldiers.
    (AFP, 6/27/09)(AFP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 27, In the Philippines two soldiers were shot dead by suspected Abu Sayyaf members as they stepped outside of their camp to buy cigarettes in Tipo-tipo town, Basilan Island.
    (AP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 27, In Thailand more than 18,000 "Red Shirt" protesters loyal to fugitive premier Thaksin Shinawatra gathered in Bangkok for the biggest anti-government rally since bloody riots two months ago.
    (AP, 6/27/09)
2009        Jun 27, Thousands of Venezuelans held separate protests to support and condemn an opposition-aligned TV station that President Hugo Chavez's government has threatened with closure.
    (AP, 6/27/09)

2010        Jun 27, San Francisco held its 40th annual Gay Pride Parade undeterred by a fatal shooting the previous evening in the Castro neighborhood.
    (SFC, 6/28/10, p.A1)
2010             Jun 27, It was reported that Vienna residents have become victims of burglary in recent weeks. The Austrian interior ministry suspected that many of the burglars were from the Republic of Georgia and were supported by the Georgian Mafia. The alleged local head, a restaurant owner in Vienna, has been arrested. Police suspected the burglaries were part of plan to finance a coup against Georgian Pres. Saakashvili.
            (SSFC, 6/27/10, p.A4)
2010        Jun 27, In Afghanistan 4 Norwegian soldiers died after a roadside bomb exploded near their vehicle in Faryab province. NATO forces killing a local leader of the Haqqani group, a Taliban faction with close ties to al-Qaida, in an airstrike in Khost province. The leader, known only as Satar, was responsible for planting roadside bombs in the area. The US-led operation, began in the region around Kunar province. 2 US troops were killed in the operation. Up to 150 Taliban insurgents were killed in battles along the Kunar border.
    (AP, 6/27/10)(AP, 6/28/10)(AP, 6/29/10)
2010        Jun 27, Bangladesh security forces arrested over 200 activists as the main opposition party led a nationwide dawn-to-dusk general strike to protest alleged government misrule.
    (AP, 6/27/10)(SFC, 6/28/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 27, Burundi's police overnight arrested six senior officials from an opposition party, as the troubled central African nation prepared for a controversial presidential election.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)
2010        Jun 27, In Canada G20 leaders agreed on a deal to cut national deficits in half within three years and to stabilize the ratio of public debt to gross domestic product by 2016.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)(SFC, 6/28/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 27, A new UN report cited political repression as one of the main forces preventing Egyptian youths, who make up a quarter of the population, from participating in the country's development.
    (AP, 6/27/10)   
2010        Jun 27, In Ethiopia water minister of Egypt and Sudan said they will not be forced into signing a new deal on the sharing of the Nile's waters. Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda inked a framework in March, 2010, replacing a 1929 colonial-era treaty between Egypt and Britain which gave Cairo veto power over upstream projects. A two-day meeting concluded of regional water ministers concluded with Egypt handing over the body's chair to Ethiopia.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)
2010        Jun 27, Authorities in Georgia tore down another monument to Soviet dictator and native son Josef Stalin.
    (AP, 6/27/10)
2010        Jun 27, In Ghana an illegal mine collapsed trapping about 80 miners.
    (SFC, 6/30/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 27, Junta-ruled Guinea held its first free election since independence more than half a century ago, a historic vote laden with hope the bedraggled West African nation will finally end decades of harsh military rule and launch a new democratic era.
    (AP, 6/27/10)
2010        Jun 27, Iceland's PM Johanna Sigurdardottir (68) married her partner under a new law legalizing same-sex marriage in the country.
    (AP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 27, In Israel Admiral Mike Mullen, the top US military officer, held talks in Tel Aviv with Defense Minister Ehud Barak and other members of the military's top brass. Mullen's meetings focused on Iran's nuclear program and the situation in Syria and Lebanon.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)
2010        Jun 27, In Indian Kashmir another man was killed when paramilitary forces fired rubber bullets to disperse protesters who had defied a strict curfew.
    (AFP, 6/27/10)
2010        Jun 27, Kyrgyzstan held a referendum on a new constitution, amid deadly ethnic tensions. The interim government hoped it would legitimize their hold on power until new elections in October. Interim Pres. Roza Otunbayeva said voters have approved a new constitution that will allow the nation to form a legitimate government after months of turmoil.
    (AP, 6/26/10)(AP, 6/27/10)
2010        Jun 27, In Pakistan suspected US missiles struck a militant compound in the northwest, killing at least three people in an area teeming with Taliban and al-Qaida fighters.
    (AP, 6/27/10)
2010        Jun 27, Philippine troops attacked a communist rebel camp to rescue an abducted soldier and a militiaman in the country's south, killing at least two communist guerrillas but failing to find the captives.
    (AP, 6/27/10)
2010        Jun 27, It was reported that thousands of Puerto Ricans have been caught up in a lucrative document-fraud scheme to hide illegal immigrants in the United States. The island government's only answer so far is to void every Puerto Rican birth certificate as of July 1 and require about 5 million people, including 1.4 million on the US mainland, to reapply for new ones with security features. New birth certificates will be issued starting July 1, and all old birth certificates will be annulled by Sept. 30.
    (AP, 6/27/10)
2010        Jun 27, Pope Benedict denounced as "surprising and deplorable" raids by Belgian police on Church offices and the home of a cardinal this week during an investigation into pedophilia by Roman Catholic priests.
    (Reuters, 6/27/10)

2011        Jun 27, The US Supreme Court refused to let California regulate the sale or rental of violent video games to children, saying governments do not have the power to "restrict the ideas to which children may be exposed" despite complaints about graphic violence.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, A US federal judge temporarily blocked parts of Georgia's strict new law targeting illegal immigration from taking effect, including a provision that authorizes police to check the immigration status of suspects without proper identification and to detain illegal immigrants.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, Rod Blagojevich, who won two terms as Illinois governor before scandal made him a national punch line, was convicted in Chicago of a wide range of corruption charges, including trying to sell President Barack Obama's Senate seat.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, A rock, named asteroid 2011 MD, zoomed by just 7,500 miles (12,000 km) above Earth, making a sharp turn forced by gravity before winging off into space again. The flyby occurred at about 1 p.m. EDT (1700 GMT).
    (SPACE.com, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In northern Afghanistan a senior leader of a leader of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan was captured in Kunduz city dressed up like a woman. Two associates were also captured.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Australia Hong Kong-based Philip Morris Asia Limited launched legal action against the government over plans to strip company logos from cigarette packages and replace them with grisly images of cancerous mouths, sickly children and bulging, blinded eyes.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, A Botswana's Bushmen spokesman said Bushmen plan to boycott the country's upcoming census in protest at the government's refusal to provide them with a polling station during the last election. Some 100,000 Bushmen remained in southern Africa, spread across Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, A Brazilian state judge approved what the court said is the nation's first gay marriage. Sao Paulo state Judge Fernando Henrique Pinto ruled two men could convert their civil union into a full marriage.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Cambodia the top four surviving members of the brutal Khmer Rouge (Khieu Samphan, former head of state; Nuon Chea, “Brother Number Two;" Ieng Thirith, social affairs minister; and Ieng Sary, deputy prime minister) went on trial before a tribunal aimed at finding justice for the estimated 1.7 million people who died in Cambodia's "killing fields" of the 1970s.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A3) 
2011        Jun 27, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and British PM David Cameron signed trade deals worth £1.4 billion at a summit as Wen faced questions over his country's rights record. Jiabao proceeded to Berlin for a visit that with Chancellor Angela Merkel.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(Reuters, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, Two Swedish freelancer journalists, Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye, entered Ethiopia from Somalia to report about allegations of human rights violations in the region including torture and rape.
    (AP, 7/4/11)
2011        Jun 27, French President Nicolas Sarkozy said French banks are ready to help troubled Greece by accepting a significant debt rollover, a move that could push other banks to pitch in to the Europe-wide effort to keep Athens from defaulting.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, Germany's national disease control center said the death toll from the E. coli outbreak has risen to 47 including one person in Sweden.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Haiti high waves flipped a ferry over after it left La Gonave about 50 miles (80 km) west of Port-au-Prince. 5 people died, 7 people were missing, and five people were rescued.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, The Israeli government dropped a threat to issue lengthy deportation orders against journalists aboard a Gaza-bound flotilla. Israel's security cabinet ordered the navy to stop an international aid flotilla from breaching a naval blockade on the Gaza Strip but to avoid clashes with activists on board.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(AFP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, Ivory Coast state media said 15 ex-ministers, who served under the arrested former strongman Laurent Gbagbo, were indicted over the weekend for crimes against the state, embezzlement and other offenses.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, Jordanian MPs failed to impeach PM Maaruf Bakhit for his alleged role in a suspected graft case about a multi-million-dollar deal that his government singed with a British-based company to build a casino, between 2005 and 2007 when he first served as premier.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 27, Kenya's PM Raila Odinga paid more than $37,000 in back taxes to abide by a new constitution that requires lawmakers to pay taxes on their hefty allowances. Kenya's Revenue Authority last week said lawmakers' properties will be auctioned if they don't each pay nearly $21,000 in back taxes.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Libya NATO operations entered a 100th day with airstrikes having eased the siege of key rebel cities but with Moamer Kadhafi still in power and fears of an open war lingering. Rebels south of Tripoli advanced to within about 80 km (50 miles) of the capital and fought government troops for control of the town of Bir al-Ghanam.
    (AFP, 6/27/11)(Reuters, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Mexico gunmen burst into the office of the police chief of Santa Catarina, Nuevo Leon state, and shot him to death. German Perez was shot at least eight times his Monterrey suburb. 7 bodyguards and officers who were guarding the police station were placed under investigation. The killing came a day after 3 Santa Catarina police officers were detained on suspicion of spying on officers in a neighboring town for the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 27, The International Criminal Court in the Netherlands issued arrest warrants for Moammar Gadhafi, his son Seif, and his intelligence chief for crimes against humanity in the Libyan leader's four-month battle to cling to power.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Nigeria two girls were killed and three customs officers wounded from a bombing in the northeastern city of Maiduguri.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Pakistan gunmen riding in a car with tinted windows near the Afghan border shot and killed Shakirullah Shakir, a senior Pakistani Taliban commander who helped train and deploy the group's suicide bombers. A suspected US drone fired two missiles in the Dra Nishter area of South Waziristan, killing 12 suspected militants. The Muttahida Qaumi Movement, a member of Pakistan's ruling coalition, announced it was pulling out of the government at both the national level and in southern Sindh province because of disputes over legislative assembly elections held in Pakistan-held Kashmir a day earlier.
    (AP, 6/27/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A3)
2011        Jun 27, In Puerto Rico Luis Calderon Rodriguez, sub-director of the water and sewer authority in the city of Carolina, was arrested and removed from his post. He was charged with conspiracy to commit bribery involving programs that use US federal funds.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Russia Col. Alexander Poteyev, a former senior Russian intelligence officer, was convicted in absentia of betraying a ring of 10 Russian spies in the United States. Poteyev had reportedly fled to Belarus and then on to Germany and, finally, the United States using a passport belonging to another person.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Senegal thousands of demonstrators took to the streets of Dakar to protest frequent power cuts. People claimed they now go regularly without electricity for 24 hours or more.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 27, South Korea said it will resume imports of Canadian beef suspended in 2003 after an outbreak of mad cow disease, agreeing to allow meat from cows younger than 30 months old.
    (Reuters, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, In South Korea unionized workers at Standard Chartered bank went on strike over the issue of performance related pay. Korean bank staff were typically paid and promoted according to age and time.
    (Econ, 7/30/11, p.68)
2011        Jun 27, A Swiss man (62) appeared in court accused of drugging and sexually abusing some 50 girls at a camp and a private boarding school between 1996 and his arrest in 2007. On July 1 the man was sentenced to 13 years in prison and ordered to pay his victims 65,000 Swiss francs ($77,000).
    (AP, 6/27/11)(AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 27, In Geneva more than 80 states began meeting for the first four-day intercessional meeting on the Convention on Cluster Munitions to advance their commitments to a world free of cluster bombs. During the meeting Thailand and Cambodia indicated their intention to join in the near future.
    (AFP, 7/1/11)(www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=3086)
2011        Jun 27, In Syria nearly 200 critics of President Bashar Assad met in Damascus for the first time during the three-month uprising against his rule, in a government-sanctioned gathering some activists complained would be exploited to give legitimacy to the regime.
    (AP, 6/27/11)
2011        Jun 27, The UN Security Council ordered a 4,200-strong Ethiopian peacekeeping force to Abyei to monitor the withdrawal of northern Sudanese troops who occupied the disputed border region on May 21.
    (AFP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 27, Uruguay’s government said it will remove obstacles to human rights prosecutions against some 80 cases of officials of the past military dictatorship (1973-1985).
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)

2012        Jun 27, The US FDA approved Arena Pharmaceuticals’ anti-obesity pill Belviq, the first weight loss drug approved since 1999.
    (SFC, 6/28/12, p.A11)
2012        Jun 27, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a roughly $92 billion state budget bill. The budget kept most of the state parks open this year.
    (SFC, 6/28/12, p.C1)(SFC, 6/29/12, p.A1)
2012        Jun 27, Firefighters struggled against the Waldo Canyon Fire at the edge of Colorado Springs that forced 32,000 people from their homes, prompted evacuations from the US Air Force Academy and consumed an unknown number of homes.
    (Reuters, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, The Chicago City Council voted to decriminalize marijuana possession. From August 4 police can issue tickets of $250-$500 for someone caught with 15 grams or less of pot. The new law could generated millions of dollars for the city.
    (SFC, 6/28/12, p.A7)
2012        Jun 27, In southeastern Montana wildfires torched over 125,000 acres.
    (SFC, 6/28/12, p.A8)
2012        Jun 27, In Afghanistan 4 policemen were killed in the Musa Qala district of Helmand province when a roadside bomb they were trying to defuse exploded. Another roadside blast killed two policemen and wounded two others in Kunduz province.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, Four people are believed to have died and 130 others were rescued after a crowded boat carrying asylum seekers to Australia capsized and sank between Christmas Island and the main Indonesian island of Java.
    (AP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, Austrian police stopped 3 overloaded vans about to ross into Hungary and found them packed with 9.5 tons of stolen garlic, valued at $37,500, apparently coming from Spain.
    (SFC, 6/28/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 27, Bahraini police injured Zainab al-Khawaja, a prominent human rights activist, by shooting her in the leg with a tear gas canister.
    (AP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 27, Botswana's Court of Appeal temporarily suspended a court order for the government to reinstate some 566 workers who were fired in a massive strike last year.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, Brazil's President Dilma Rousseff announced a new, $4 billion economic stimulus package to combat stagnant growth.
    (AP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, Lawyers representing Amazon rain forest residents in Ecuador filed a 2nd lawsuit in Brazil to seize assets of Chevron Corp. as part of their effort to collect an $18.2 billion judgement they won in Ecuador in 2011.
    (SFC, 6/28/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 27, Barclays bank revealed that it will pay fines of £290 million ($452 million, 362 million euros) to British and US authorities over a probe into rate manipulation, and top staff will take a bonus cut.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, John Massey (64) one of Britain's longest-serving prisoners, escaped from Pentonville prison in Islington, North London. He was serving a life sentence for the murder of a man at a Hackney pub in 1975.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 27, Burundi President Pierre Nkurunziza pardoned "several thousand" prisoners in order to address prison overcrowding and celebrate the 50th anniversary of independence on July 1. Eloge Niyonzima, a journalist for a private radio station in Bubanza, was beaten up overnight by members of the ruling party's youth wing militia.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, A Cambodia appeals court ordered the release of 13 women who were jailed for protesting being evicted from their homes without adequate compensation, in a case that had critics had highlighted as an example of injustice. On May 24 prison sentences were imposed on the 13 women.
    (AP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, Twenty-four Ethiopians, including a leading opposition figure and a prominent journalist, faced life in prison after a court found them guilty on charges of terrorism. They were accused of links to US-based group Ginbot 7, considered a terrorist group under Ethiopian law, and other outlawed groups.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, Gabonese President Ali Bongo set fire to five tons of ivory worth around 10 million euros ($14 million) to mark his government's commitment to battling poachers and saving elephants. The stockpile and would have required the killing of some 850 elephants.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, In Germany banker Gerhard Gribkowsky was found guilty in Munich of receiving corrupt payments in 2005 from Bernie Ecclestone, the boss of the Formula One Group, as Formula One was sold to CVC Capital, a private equity firm.
    (Econ, 7/28/12, p.58)
2012        Jun 27, Iraqi PM Nuri al-Maliki called for early elections a released statement after a series of political crises escalated into calls for his removal. Bombs in Baghdad targeting the homes of Shiite cleric and a member of a Sunni militia that fights al-Qaida killed at least 11 people, including four teenagers.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, TEPCO, the operator of Japan's crippled Fukushima nuclear plant, said record amounts of radiation had been detected in the basement of reactor number 1, further hampering clean-up operations.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, Libya’s official TAP news agency said a Tunisian seaman died after the Libyan coastguard fired on a Tunisian fishing boat with a crew of 19 off the north African coast.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, In Mali Islamists claimed control of the key town of Gao in the occupied north after fierce clashes with Tuareg rebels left at least 21 people dead.
    (AFP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, A grainy three-minute video appeared on Mundonarco.com depicting five shirtless men on their knees, their chests painted with large black “Z"s, surrounded by masked members of Mexico’s Gulf cartel wielding machetes. The footage showed members of the Gulf cartel interrogating and then beheading at least three members of the Zetas cartel.
    (ABCNews, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 27, In Pakistan a bomb planted under a tea stall at a railway station in the southwest killed 7 people, including a child, and wounded more than a dozen others.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 27, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered an overhaul of the upper house of Parliament in an apparent reaction to criticism that the Federation Council is little more than a vacation retreat for officials.
    (AP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, South Korean archaeologist Cho Mi-soon said that the nation’s archeological agency has found the remains of a farming field from the Neolithic period on South Korea's east coast and that the site may be up to 5,600 years old.
    (AP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, Spanish scientists reported evidence that dinosaurs were warm-blooded, despite being reptiles.
    (SFC, 6/28/12, p.A1)
2012        Jun 27, In Syria gunmen raided the headquarters of Al-Ikhbariya, a pro-government TV station, killing seven employees, kidnapping others and demolishing buildings in Drousha. Some 30 more Syrian soldiers defected to Turkey with their families overnight. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least 10 government soldiers were killed in an ambush in the eastern province of Deir el-Zour.
    (AP, 6/27/12)
2012        Jun 27, In eastern Turkey an explosion targeting a pipeline cut off Iranian natural gas shipments to the country. The pipeline was expected to be back in operation within 4 to 5 days. Turkey received 27 million cubic meters of gas a day via the Iranian pipeline. The gas flow was reported restored on July 3.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)(AFP, 7/3/12)

2013        Jun 27, Pres. Obama began an 8-day trip to Africa with a visit to Senegal.
    (Reuters, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, The US suspended Bangladesh from its Generalized System of Preferences due to wretched conditions in its export industries.
    (SFC, 6/28/13, p.C1)
2013        Jun 27, The Obama administration said it was sanctioning North Korea's Daedong Credit Bank for its role in supporting Pyongyang's weapons of mass destruction program.
    (Reuters, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, Eugene Mallory (80), a retired California man, was shot and killed by police who raided his home based on an incorrect, anonymous tip that the senior citizen was housing a methamphetamine lab on his residence, despite having no criminal record prior to the incident.
    (Econ, 3/22/14, p.14)(http://tinyurl.com/lxn2lgp)
2013        Jun 27, A 30-count federal indictment was opened against Boston Marathon suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev.
    (SFC, 6/28/13, p.A6)
2013        Jun 27, In western Afghanistan Taliban fighters ambushed a national police patrol overnight, killing a commander and 4 of his men in Herat province. In Ghazni province police ambushed a group of Taliban fighters and killed 5, including a leader believed to have been responsible for making roadside bombs and organizing suicide attacks in the area.
    (AP, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, Kevin Rudd was sworn in as Australian prime minister three years and three days after he was ousted from the same job in an internal government showdown.
    (AP, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, In Brazil some 5,000 protesters battled police in Fortaleza. In Rio some 2,000 people marched without clashes. Demonstrators were angry over corruption and poor public services despite high taxes.
    (SFC, 6/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 27, In China Pres. Xi Jinping and South Korean Pres. Park Geun-hye called for a swift resumption of six-nation North Korean nuclear disarmament talks after a summit that brought together Pyongyang's archrival and its biggest ally.
    (AP, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, The UN raised the alarm about the recent rape of 9 girls in eastern Congo. The youngest was 18 months old and 2 of the girls died.
    (SFC, 6/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 27, Ecuador's leftist government thumbed its nose at Washington by renouncing US trade benefits and offering to pay for human rights training in America in response to pressure over asylum for former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden.
    (AP, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, Top EU officials hashed out a last-minute deal on a 960 billion euro ($1.3 trillion) budget for the bloc for the next seven years.
    (AP, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, In Iraq a series of bombings targeting soccer fans watching the Confederations Cup semifinal between Spain and Italy in cafes in Baghdad, Jbala and Baqouba killed 36 people.
    (AP, 6/28/13)
2013        Jun 27, Kosovo's parliament approved an EU-brokered agreement on creating normal ties with neighboring Serbia as protesters opposing the deal clashed with riot police in Pristina.
    (Reuters, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, Libya’s PM Ali Zidan sacked the defense minister, after three days of gun battles in Tripoli and amid a deteriorating security situation. Security officials said at least 10 were killed and dozens injured in the clashes.
    (AP, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, Mongolia’s election commission said Pres. Elbegdorj Tsakhia has won a 2nd 4-year term with 50.2% of the vote.
     (SFC, 6/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 27, In Morocco delegates at the World Intellectual Property Organization produced a draft treaty text showing consensus. 600 negotiators in Marrakech agreed to an international treaty to overcome “book famine" for world’s 285M visually impaired.
    (Econ, 7/20/13, p.54)
2013        Jun 27, In southern Pakistan a bomb killed at least two people in Kuchlak village, Baluchistan province, an area frequently hit by violence.
    (AP, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, Portuguese unions halted public transport in a peaceful one-day strike against austerity measures which have led to the worst economic slump since the 1970s and sent unemployment to record levels.
    (Reuters, 6/27/13)
2013        Jun 27, In Syria a suicide bomber hit the central neighborhood of Bab Touma in Damascus, killing a least 4 people with several more wounded.
    (Reuters, 6/27/13)

2014        Jun 27, The United States announced its intention to join an international treaty banning land mines, without setting a time frame while working through possible complications on the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 27, California’s Golden Gate Bridge Highway and Transportation District approved $76 million to install steel cable nets beneath the edges of the GG bridge to prevent suicides.
    (SFC, 6/28/14, p.C1)
2014        Jun 27, In Colorado police in Denver raided the Maryjane’s Social Club, one of dozens of private pot smoking clubs operating in a legal gray area. Officers handcuffed smokers, seized drug paraphernalia and ticketed the owner for violating a state law banning indoor cigarette smoking.
    (SFC, 7/4/14, p.A6)
2014        Jun 27, In Somerset, Kentucky, Clinton Inabnitt (40) shot and killed lawyer Mark Stanziano (57) after being turned down for help.
    (SFC, 6/28/14, p.A5)
2014        Jun 27, In Mississippi attorney and Tea Party official Mark Mayfield committed suicide after facing charges for taking photos of US Sen. Thad Cochran’s ailing wife inside a nursing home.
    (SFC, 6/28/14, p.A5)
2014        Jun 27, Bobby Womack (b.1944), soul songwriter and musician aka the Preacher, died. In 1964 he recorded “It’s All Over Now" with the Valentinos that included four of his brothers. A version by the Rolling Stones became that group’s first No. 1 hit single in Britain.
    (SFC, 6/28/14, p.A7)
2014        Jun 27, Thousands of angry protesters marched on the Afghan president's palace in support of candidate Abdullah Abdullah's allegations that mass fraud had been committed during the presidential election by organizers and state officials.
    (Reuters, 6/27/14) 
2014        Jun 27, An Argentine judge charged Vice President Amado Boudou with bribery and conducting business incompatible with public office in the acquisition of the company that prints the country's currency and of later benefiting from government contracts.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 27, Bosnian Serbs unveiled a monument in their part of Sarajevo to Gavrilo Princip, the man who ignited the war by assassinating the Austro-Hungarian crown prince on June 28, 1914.
    (AP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, British authorities ordered Eurotunnel to stop running its ferry service to France on grounds of unfair competition.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, In Bulgaria rattled depositors withdrew some $550 million from The First Investment Bank (FIB) in a matter of hours. Authorities appealed for calm and arrested several people suspected of instigating the crises. Operations at the Corporate Commercial Bank (CCB) were suspended on June 20 following a run that took 20% of deposits. Some 200,000 depositors and companies were left stranded without access to their funds.
    (Econ, 7/5/14, p.62)(Econ, 10/11/14, p.64)
2014        Jun 27, China’s state media said a court has sentenced 25 members of Quannengshen, or the Church of Almighty God, a banned religious, group to prison terms of up to eight years, the largest in a series of prosecutions against a group that China calls an illegal cult.
    (Reuters, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, Five Chinese fishermen were missing after a trawler sank in waters to the north of islands disputed with Japan in the East China Sea in what appeared to be an accident.
    (Reuters, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, European Union leaders nominated former Luxembourg PM Jean-Claude Juncker (59) to become the 28-nation bloc's new chief executive. He was chosen by an indirect system known as Spitzenkandidaten (lead candidate). Juncker still needed to be confirmed by the European Parliament before taking office on Nov 1.
    (AP, 6/27/14)(SFC, 6/28/14, p.A2)(Econ, 6/28/14, p.47)
2014        Jun 27, European Union leaders signed broad trade and economic deals with non-member countries Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia.
    (AP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, EU leaders set June 30 as the deadline for the release of prisoners in east Ukraine and for the terms of a lasting ceasefire, warning Moscow they were ready to impose further sanctions.
    (Reuters, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, German travel group TUI and its British subsidiary TUI Travel said that they had agreed to a tie-up that will create the world's biggest tourism operator.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, In Hong Kong more than 800 lawyers protested over a requirement for judges to be patriotic to China. In what was seen as a thinly veiled threat ahead of a 10-day referendum, Beijing had released a policy document that said, among other things, that Hong Kong's autonomy comes at the discretion of the central government and included a requirement for judges to be patriotic to China.
    (AP, 6/29/14)
2014        Jun 27, In India 14 people were killed and 20 injured in a blast and fire at a gas pipeline in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.
    (Reuters, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, Iraqi forces fought for a second day to seize control of a strategically located university in militant-held Tikrit ahead of a full-scale assault on the city.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, Iraqi Kurdish leader Massud Barzani said there was no going back on autonomous Kurdish rule in oil city Kirkuk and other towns now defended against Sunni militants by Kurdish fighters.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, An Israeli air strike on a car in the Gaza Strip killed two Palestinians, hours after a bomb exploded near troops manning Israel's security fence.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, In Israel Eritrean and Sudanese migrants left the open Holot detention center, saying Israel has not processed their claims for asylum. They camped out by the border after Israel's army prevented them from crossing into Egypt.
    (AP, 6/29/14)
2014        Jun 27, Mexican authorities detained Dr. Jose Mireles, one of the most well-known leaders of vigilante groups that have been battling drug gangs in Michoacan state, for carrying illegal guns. He was detained in Lazaro Cardenas with 82 other people who also were allegedly carrying illegal firearms, as they planned to travel to the state capital of Morelia.
    (Reuters, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 27, Mexican authorities in the northern state of San Luis Potosi arrested Roman Catholic priest Guillermo Gil Torres on suspicion of sexually abusing a minor, the second priest charged there in a week.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 27, In Nigeria police acting on a tip-off defused a bomb consisting of 13 cylinders of explosives next to the Jumat Praying Ground in Kano. Insurgents killed 7 soldiers in the village of Goniri, Yobe state.
    (Reuters, 6/28/14)(Reuters, 6/29/14)
2014        Jun 27, In Pakistan a young couple were tied up and had their throats slit with scythes after they married for love. Muafia Bibi (17) and Sajjad Ahmed (30) had married on June 18 without the consent of their families in the eastern Punjabi village of Satrah. 869 so-called "honor killings" were reported in the media last year - several a day. But the true figure is probably much higher since many cases are never reported.
    (Reuters, 6/28/14)(AP, 6/29/14)
2014        Jun 27, A Panamanian judge acquitted and ordered the immediate release of the last three of 35 North Koreans detained last year for trying to transport undeclared Cuban weapons through the Panama Canal. The decision was based on the fact that the incident "was of international character and outside Panamanian jurisdiction."
    (AFP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 27, Paraguay officials said floods caused by torrential rains have forced the evacuation of some 200,000 people living near the Paraguay and Parana rivers.
    (SFC, 6/28/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 27, In Ukraine pro-Russian separatist leaders and mediators for the Kiev government met in the city of Donetsk in new consultations on ending the fighting in Ukraine's Russian-speaking east. President Petro Poroshenko told EU leaders he was extending a ceasefire in east Ukraine for three days. Rebels in the southeast released four out of eight OSCE observers, captured over a month ago.
    (Reuters, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, The United Arab Emirates arrested two Qatar citizens, Hamad Ali al-Hamadi and Yousef Abdelsamad al-Mulla, at the Ghweifat border crossing between Saudi Arabia and the UAE. Both were described as "spies" by Emirati media.
    (AFP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jun 27, The UN Human Rights Council agreed to set up a year-long inquiry into human rights in Eritrea, similar to previous high-level investigations into Syria, North Korea and Sri Lanka.
    (Reuters, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, The UN said some 110,000 people have fled to Russia from Ukraine since the start of 2014 while more than 54,000 have been displaced inside the conflict-torn country.
    (AFP, 6/27/14)
2014        Jun 27, The Vatican said that Archbishop Jozef Wesolowski, a former ambassador to the Dominican Rep., was found guilty for sexually abusing boys and sentenced to laicization.
    (SFC, 6/28/14, p.A4)
2014        Jun 27, In Venezuela a power plant failure knocked out electricity across a big swath of the country, darkening the lights at a nationally televised presidential ceremony and forcing a suspension of subway and train services around the country.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 27, In Yemen fierce clashes pitted government troops against Huthi militants in Amran province.
    (AFP, 6/28/14)

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