Today in History - June 28

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1451        Jun 28. An eclipse occurred that allegedly prevented the outbreak of war between the Mohawk and the Seneca Indians.
    (SCTS, p.6)

1461        Jun 28, Edward IV was crowned king of England.
    (www.richardiiiworcs.co.uk/months/june.html)

1491        Jun 28, Henry VIII, King of England (1509-1547) and founder of the Church of England, was born at Greenwich. He later divorced four times. An inventory of his wealth in 1547 estimated his wealth at £300,000 and his military equipment at another £300,000.
    (CFA, '96, p.48)(AP, 6/28/99)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R8)

1577         Jun 28, Peter Paul Rubens (d.1640), Flemish painter, was born. His work included “Helene Fourment" and “The Abduction of the Daughters of Leucippus."
    (AAP, 1964)(WUD, 1994, p.1250)(HN, 6/28/01)

1635        Jun 28, The French colony of Guadeloupe was established in the Caribbean.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1675        Jun 28, Frederick William of Brandenburg crushed the Swedes.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1712        Jun 28, Jean-Jacques Rousseau (d.1778), writer and philosopher, was born in Geneva, Switzerland. His books include "The Social Contract" (1762) and Emile (1762).
    (www.infed.org/thinkers/et-rous.htm)(HN, 6/28/99)

1748        Jun 28, A riot followed a public execution in Amsterdam and over 200 were killed.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1762        Jun 28, Catharine II, Russian Tsarina, grabbed power. [see Jul 17]
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1776        Jun 28, Jefferson's document was placed before the Congress after some minor changes by Adams and Franklin. This event was immortalized in the painting by John Trumball.
    (Civil., Jul-Aug., '95, p.61)
1776        Jun 28, Colonists repulsed a British sea attack on Charleston, South Carolina.
    (HN, 6/28/98)
1776        Jun 28, Thomas Hickey, American sergeant convicted of treason, was hanged.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1778        Jun 28, "Molly Pitcher," Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley, wife of an American artilleryman, carried water to the soldiers during the Revolutionary War Battle of Monmouth, N.J. and, supposedly, took her husband's place at his cannon after he was overcome with heat. Temperatures reportedly reached 96 degrees in the shade. According to myth she was presented to General George Washington after the battle. Her actual existence is a matter of historical debate and the outcome of the battle was inconclusive.
    (SFEC,11/23/97, Par p.19)(HNQ, 7/25/99)(AP, 6/28/08)(SSFC, 6/28/09, p.B12)

1787        Jun 28, Sir Henry G. W. Smith, leader of British-Indian forces, was born.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1820        Jun 28, The tomato was proven to be non-poisonous.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1831        Jun 28, Joseph Joachim, violinist (Hungarian Concerto), was born in Kittsee, Germany.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1836        Jun 28, James Madison (85), the 4th president of the United States (1809-17), died in Montpelier, Va. His writings included the 29 Federalist essays. In 1999 "James Madison: Writings," edited by Jack N. Rakove, was published. In 2002 Garry Wills authored James Madison."
    (AP, 6/28/97)(WSJ, 2/2/95, p.A-16)(WSJ, 9/1/99, p.A24)(WSJ, 3/26/02, p.A21) (MC, 6/28/02)

1838        Jun 28, Britain's Queen Victoria was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
    (AP, 6/28/98)(http://tinyurl.com/zezjg)

1846        Jun 28, Near San Rafael, Ca., a US military detachment was approached by 3 unarmed Mexicans, Jose de los Reyes Berryessa, Francisco de Haro and his twin brother Ramon. Captain Fremont was asked by trapper Kit Carson whether he should take the men as prisoners. Fremont responded that he had no room for prisoners and Carson shot the men dead and left their bodies to rot.
    (SFC, 6/5/98, p.A20)(SSFC, 6/25/06, p.E1)

1862        Jun 28, At Garnett’s and Golding’s farms, fighting continued for a 4th day between Union and Confederate forces during the Seven Days in Virginia.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1863        Jun 28, General Meade replaced General Hooker three days before the Battle of Gettysburg. General George Gordon Meade said “Well, I’ve been tried and condemned without a hearing, and I suppose I shall have to go to execution," in response to his appointment as head of the Union Army of the Potomac during the Civil War. Within a week his army won the Battle of Gettysburg, assuring Meade of a record of success superior to all of his predecessors.
    (HN, 6/28/98)(HNQ, 2/25/02)

1867         Jun 28, Luigi Pirandello, Italian playwright (Six Characters in Search of an Author), was born, was born. He won the Nobel Prize in 1934.
    (HN, 6/28/01)(MC, 6/28/02)

1873        Jun 28, Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, was born. He won a Nobel Prize in 1912 for the development of blood vessel suture technique.
    (HN, 6/28/99)(MC, 6/28/02)

1874        Jun 28, The Freedmen's Bank, created to assist former slaves in the United States, closed. African American depositors lost some $3 million.
    (HN, 6/28/99)

1875        Jun 28, The Billy McGeorge gang rode into Yankee Hill, Colorado, to redress the insult of a $50 wanted poster put up by Marshall Willie Kennard. Kennard met the gang and killed 2 of them before the rest surrendered. Billy McGeorge was convicted of murder under acting judge Bert Corgan and hung from the same pine tree as Barney Casewit.
    (WW, 12/96)

1891         Jun 28, Esther Forbes, author (Johnny Tremain), was born.
    (HN, 6/28/01)

1884        Jun 28, Congress declared Labor Day a legal holiday.
    (HN, 6/28/98)
1894        Jun 28, Labor Day was established as a holiday for federal employees on the first Monday of September. The U.S. Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September a legal holiday.
    (AP, 9/5/97)(HNPD, 9/5/98)

1902         Jun 28, Richard Rodgers (d.1979), American composer, was born.
    (HN, 6/28/01)(SFC, 4/22/02, p.D1)
1902        Jun 28, Congress passed the Spooner bill, authorizing a canal to be built across the isthmus of Panama. The US purchased a concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million.
    (HN, 6/28/98)(MC, 6/28/02)

1904        Jun 28, Blind-deaf student Helen Keller graduated with honors from Radcliffe College. [See Sep 1]
    (AP, 6/28/04)

1906         Jun 28, Maria Goeppert Mayer, Nobel Prize-winning physicist, was born.
    (HN, 6/28/01)

1909         Jun 28, Eric Ambler, British mystery writer (The Dark Frontier, Uncommon Danger), was born.
    (HN, 6/28/01)

1911        Jun 28, Samuel J. Battle became the first African-American policeman in New York City.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1912        Jun 28, Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor, was born.
    (MC, 6/28/02)
1912        Jun 28, Karl F. von Weisacker, German physicist, philosopher, was born.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1914        Jun 28, Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to Austria-Hungary, and his wife, Sofia, were assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia, by a Serb nationalist. As the royal couple rode through the streets of Sarajevo in an open touring car, seven young radicals from an obscure Serbian-Bosnian nationalist group, called the Black Hand, lay in wait. An initial assassination attempt failed, but a wrong turn brought the car near Gavrilo Princip, who fired two shots at point-blank range into the couple's bodies. Within minutes, both the Archduke and Sophia were dead. Princip was arrested, but political tensions were so high between Austria-Hungary and Serbia that war broke out as a result. Like falling dominoes, international alliances brought one country after another into the conflict. The event triggered World War I. In 2011 Adam Hochschild authored “To End All Wars: A Story of Loyalty and Rebellion."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.252, 284-285,290)(AP, 6/28/97)(HNPD, 6/28/98)(Econ, 6/4/11, p.93)
1914        Jun 28, World War I (WW I) began in 1914 and ended on this date in 1919. [see Jul 28] In 1999 Niall Ferguson published "The Pity of War," in which he blames the British government for having turned a European war into a world war.
    (HFA, ‘96, p.32)(WSJ, 4/14/99, p.A24)

1917        Jun 28, The Raggedy Ann doll invented.
    (MC, 6/28/02)
   
1918        Jun 28, The US Marines took the Bois de Belleau.
    (SFC, 6/6/97, p.A26)

1919        Jun 28, Harry S. Truman married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace in Independence, Mo.
    (AP, 6/28/97)
1919        Jun 28, The Treaty of Versailles was signed in France, ending (WW I) World War I. World War I began in 1914 and ended on this date. Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles under protest. Books by participants included “Peacemaking" by Harold Nicolson; “The Economic Consequences of the Peace" by John Maynard Keynes; and “The Truth About the Peace Treaties" by David Lloyd George. In 2000 Richard Holmes authored “The Western Front." Nearly 1 million British died and nearly 2 million each for France, Germany, Russia and Turkey. In 2002 Margaret MacMillan authored “Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World."
    (HFA, ‘96, p.32)(AP, 6/28/97)(HN, 6/28/98)(WSJ, 8/16/00, p.A20)(SSFC, 12/15/02, p.M3)

1920        Jun 28, The Democrats opened their convention, the first in the West, in San Francisco. James Cox of Ohio was elected presidential candidate on the 44th ballot on July 6.
    (WSJ, 1/29/98, p.A19)(SFEC, 4/25/99, Z1 p.4)(AH, 10/04, p.56)
1920        Jun 28, Clarissa Eden was born to Major Jack Spencer-Churchill and Lady Gwendoline Bertie. In 1952 she married Anthony Eden (1897-1977) who later became Britain’s PM (1955-1957). Her father was the younger brother of Winston Churchill. In 2008 Cate Haste edited “Clarissa Eden, A Memoir: From Churchill to Eden."
    (Econ, 1/19/08, p.91)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clarissa_Eden,_Countess_of_Avon)

1921        Jun 28, A coal strike in Great Britain was settled after three months.
    (HN, 6/28/98)
1921        Jun 28, P.V. Narasimha Rao (d.2004), later India’s Prime Minister (1991-1996), was born to an upper-caste farming family in Andhra Pradesh state.
    (SFC, 12/24/04, p.B4)

1924        Jun 28, A tornado struck Sandusky & Lorain, Ohio, killing 93.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1926        Jun 28, Mel Brooks, comedian, actor, and director, was born. His films included "The Producers" and "Blazing Saddles."
    (HN, 6/28/99)

1928        Jun 28, New York Gov. Alfred E. Smith was nominated for president at the Democratic national convention in Houston.
    (AP, 6/28/98)
1928        Jun28-1928 Jun 29, Albert Hegenberger and Lester Maitland accomplished the first nonstop flight across the Pacific.
    (NPub, 2002, p.12)

1929        Jun 28, In San Francisco movie mogul William Fox unveiled his $5 million “theater of dreams." The SF Fox Theater closed in 1963.
    (SSFC, 2/17/13, DB p.42)

1934        Jun 28, President Roosevelt signed into law the National Housing Act, which established the Federal Housing Administration.
    (AP, 6/28/97)
1934        Jun 28, Hitler flew to Essen (Night of Long Knifes) where a massive purge of SA (storm troopers) was carried out to placate the Army and the high command. [see Jun 30]
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1935        Jun 28, FDR ordered a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1938        Jun 28, Congress created the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) to insure construction loans.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1939        Jun 28, Pan American Airways began regular trans-Atlantic passenger air service as the "Dixie Clipper" left Port Washington, N.Y., for Portugal.
    (AP, 6/28/99)(NPub, 2002, p.13)

1940        Jun 28, The Republican Convention, held in Philadelphia, nominated Wendall Willkie (d.1944) for US president. In 2005 Charles Peters authored “Five Days in Philadelphia." An account of the convention and how it freed FDR to move against Hitler.
    (WSJ, 7/6/05, p.D10)(http://tinyurl.com/e3xrw)
1940        Jun 28, The Quiz Kids began airing on US NBC radio from Chicago. It was created by Chicago public relations and advertising man Louis G. Cowan, and originally sponsored by Alka-Seltzer. In 1945 it began airing on NBC TV. Ruth Duskin Feldman (1934-2015) joined the program at age 7 and left the program soon after turning 16. In 1982 she authored “Whatever Happened to the Quiz Kids: Perils and profits of Growing Up Gifted."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quiz_Kids)(SFC, 6/11/15, p.D6)
1940        Jun 28, Italian fascist Marshall Italo Balbo (b.1896) was killed when his plane was shot down over Tobruk, Libya, by friendly fire.
    (SSFC, 7/5/15, DB p.50)

1941        Jun 28, German and Romanian soldiers killed 11,000 Jews in Kishinev.
    (MC, 6/28/02)
1941        Jun 28, German troops occupied Galicia, Poland.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1942        Jun 28, German troops launched “Operation Blue," an offensive to seize Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus and the city of Stalingrad.
    (HN, 6/28/98)(WSJ, 1/14/07, p.P8)

1944        Jun 28, The Republican national convention in Chicago nominated New York Gov. Thomas E. Dewey for president and Ohio Gov. John W. Bricker for vice president.
    (AP, 6/28/04)

1945        Jun 28, General Douglas MacArthur announced the end of Japanese resistance in the Philippines.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1946        Jun 28, Gilda Radner (d.1989), actress (Emmy Award-winning comedienne, actress: Saturday Night Live [1977-78]; Haunted Honeymoon [w/husband Gene Wilder]), was born in Detroit, Mich. "I wanted a perfect ending. ... Now I’ve learned, the hard way, that some poems don’t rhyme, and some stories don’t have a clear beginning, middle and end. Life is about not knowing, having to change, taking the moment and making the best of it, without knowing what’s going to happen next. Delicious ambiguity."
    (AP, 5/20/98)(MC, 6/28/02)

1947         Jun 28, Mark Helprin, novelist (Winter's Tale), was born.
    (HN, 6/28/01)

1948        Jun 28, Kathy Bates (Academy Award-winning actress: Misery [1990]; Fried Green Tomatoes, Home of Our Own, Prelude to a Kiss), was born.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1949        Jun 28, The last U.S. combat troops were called home from Korea, leaving only 500 advisers.
    (HN, 6/28/98)(WSJ, 5/26/00, p.W8)

1950        Jun 28, General Douglas MacArthur arrived in South Korea as Seoul fell to the North Korean forces.
    (AP, 6/28/97)(HN, 6/28/98)

1951        Jun 28, A TV version of the radio program "Amos 'N' Andy" premiered on CBS. Although criticized for racial stereotyping, it was the first network TV series to feature an all-black cast.
    (AP, 6/28/97)

1954        Jun 28, US Sen. John F. Kennedy wrote a letter to Gunilla von Post, a Swedish woman he had met on the French Riviera in August 1953, and suggested sailing with her for 2 weeks around the Mediterranean. Kennedy was 36 when he met Post (21). In 1997 Post authored a book, “Love, Jack," that detailed her long-distance affair with Kennedy. In 2010 an auction house put 11 letters and 3 telegrams of their correspondence up for sale.
    (SFC, 2/17/10, p.A9)
1954        Jun 28, French troops began to pull out of Vietnam’s Tonkin Province.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1956        Jun 28-30, Workers rioted in Poznan, Poland, and some 100 died.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685)

1958        Jun 28, Alfred Noyes (77), British poet, essayist (Robin Hood, The Highwayman), died.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1960        Jun 28, John Elway, NFL quarterback (Denver Broncos quarterback:  Super Bowl XXI, XXII, XXIV), was born.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1962        Jun 28, Thalidomide was banned in Netherlands.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1963        Jun 28, Khrushchev visited East-Berlin.
    (MC, 6/28/02)

1964        Jun 28, Malcolm X founded the Organization for Afro American Unity to seek independence for blacks in the Western Hemisphere.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1965        Jun 28, In California a blazing engine tore from the Pan American Flight 843. The engine plunged into San Bruno and a piece of the wing fell into South San Francisco. The plane with 153 passengers landed safely at Travis airport.
    (SSFC, 6/28/15, DB p.50)

1966        Jun 28, In Argentina a military uprising led by General Juan Carlos Ongania overthrew President Arturo Illia of the UCRP.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coups_d%27%C3%A9tat_in_Argentina)

1967        Jun 28, Fourteen people were shot in race riots in Buffalo, New York.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_riot_of_1967)
1967        Jun 28, Israel formally declared Jerusalem reunified under its sovereignty following its capture of the Arab sector in the June 1967 war.
    (AP, 6/28/98)

1968        Jun 28, Pres. Johnson signed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act. It moved official recognition of Washington’s birthday and some other holidays to Mondays. Columbus Day, previously celebrated on Oct. 12, was moved to the 2nd Monday of October. In 2004 Pres. Bush set it to Oct 11.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Monday_Holiday_Act)(SFC, 2/21/05, p.A7)

1969        Jun 28, In the early hours 8 police officers raided the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City's Greenwich Village. Police raided the bar because it had refused to pay an increase in bribery. This led to a clash in what came to be called The Stonewall Rebellion, an incident considered the birth of the homosexual rights movement. Some 400 to 1,000 patrons rioted against police for 3 days The event was described by gay historian Martin Duberman in his book “Stonewall" (1993).
    (SFEC, 7/21/96, DB p.32)(AP, 6/27/97)(AP, 6/27/08)(SFC, 6/22/09, p.E1)(SFC, 6/26/09, p.F3)

1970        Jun 28, Muhammed Ali, formerly Cassius Clay, stood before the Supreme Court regarding his refusal of induction into the Army during the Vietnam War.
    (HN, 6/28/99)
1970        Jun 28-1970 Jun 29, Reinhold and Gunther Messner of Tyrol, Italy, reached the 26,650-foot peak of Nanga Parbat in northern Pakistan. Gunther (24) died during the descent. In 2005 Reinhold retrieved his brother’s remains.
    (WSJ, 12/10/03, p.A1)(SFC, 9/5/05, p.A2)

1971        Jun 28, The Supreme Court overturned the draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali.
    (HN, 6/28/98)
1971        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court ruled in Lemon vs. Kurtzman that public aid to parochial schools in unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 8/6/99, p.D4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemon_v._Kurtzman)
1971        Jun 28, Daniel Ellsburg was arrested for leaking the Pentagon Papers to the Press. In 2002 he authored "Secrets: A Memoir of Vietnam and The Pentagon Papers." Anthony Russo, a researcher at the Rand think tank, had assisted Ellsberg in publishing the extracts of a 47-volume Defense Dept. study of the US role in Indochina over 3 decades.
    (www.topsecretplay.org/index.php/content/timeline)(SSFC, 10/20/02, p.M1)

1972        Jun 28, US Pres. Nixon announced that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam. South Vietnamese troops began a counter-offensive to retake Quang Tri Province, aided by US Navy gunfire and B-52 bombardments.
    (HN, 6/28/98)(www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html)

1974        Jun 28, Mario J. Molina and F. Sherwood Rowland of UCLA, Irvine, proposed an alarming hypothesis in Nature that the use of chlorofluorocarbons added chlorine to the environment in steadily increasing amounts. In 1985 scientists discovered a hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica. In 1987 governments negotiated the Montreal protocol to phase out CFCs.
    (www.ciesin.org/docs/011-464/011-464.html)(Econ, 9/20/14, p.14)

1975        Jun 28, Rod Serling (b.1924), writer and director of the TV series "Twilight Zone" and "Night Gallery," died. He was remembered in the 1995 PBS production titled: "Submitted for Your Approval."
    (WSJ, 11/27/95, p.A-14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rod_Serling)

1976        Jun 28, The first women entered the U.S. Air Force Academy.
    (HN, 6/28/98)

1977        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court allowed Federal control of Nixon tapes and papers.
    (www.kipnotes.com/James%20E.%20Carter.htm)

1978        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court ordered the medical school at the University of California at Davis to admit Allan Bakke, a white man who argued he had been a victim of reverse racial discrimination. The US court’s Bakke decision allowed universities to consider race in their decisions only if other factors were equal. This was raised as an issue of reverse discrimination. Justice Lewis Powell broke a 4-4 tie with the formulation that Davis’ program was unconstitutional, but that colleges and universities could still use race as one of several factors to create a diverse student body.
    (WSJ, 7/18/96, p.A10)(AP, 6/28/97)(SFC, 6/27/98, p.A16)

1979        Jun 28, OPEC raised oil prices. The price of a barrel of oil increased 50% since a year earlier.
    (www.energy.ca.gov/m+pco/history.html)
1979        Jun 28, Philippe Cousteau (b.1940), the youngest son of Jacques Cousteau, was killed while testing a seaplane near Lisbon.
    (SFC, 6/26/97, p.A7)

1981        Jun 28, Terry Fox (22), born in Winnipeg and raised in Port Coquitlam, died of cancer. Fox, who planned to run a marathon a day until he ran across Canada, was forced to stop his journey on Sept. 1, 1980, because the cancer that took his leg had spread to his lungs. He ran 5,373 kilometers over 143 days. His goal was to raise $1 for cancer research for every Canadian, which would have been about $24 million in 1980.
    (AP, 9/19/05)
1981        Jun 28, In Tehran, Iran, a powerful bomb exploded at the headquarters of the IRP while a meeting of party leaders was in progress. 73 persons were killed, including the chief justice and party secretary general Mohammad Beheshti, four cabinet ministers and 27 Majlis deputies. The Mujahedin e-Kalq carried out the bombing. Those killed included Premier Mohammad-Javad Bahonar and Pres. Mohammad-Ali Rajaei.
    (www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-6395.html)(WSJ, 5/8/08, p.A10)

1983        Jun 28, A 100-foot span of the Mianus River Bridge, part of Interstate 95 in Connecticut, collapsed without warning in the middle of the night, leaving 3 dead and three injured.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mianus_River_Bridge)

1987        Jun 28, US Secretary of State George P. Shultz said he had found some of the recent revelations about the Iran-Contra affair "sickening," but defended the Reagan administration's foreign policy.
    (AP 6/28/97)

1988        Jun 28, The US federal government sued the International Brotherhood of Teamsters to force reforms on the nation's largest labor union. The two sides reached a settlement in March, 1989.
    (AP, 6/28/98)

1989        Jun 28, China's new Communist Party chief, Jiang Zemin, said his government would show no mercy to leaders of the crushed pro-democracy movement, which he termed a "counterrevolutionary rebellion."
    (AP, 6/28/99)

1990        Jun 28, Jurors in the drug and perjury trial of Washington DC Mayor Marion S. Barry Jr. viewed a videotape showing Barry smoking crack cocaine during an FBI hotel-room sting operation. Barry was later convicted of a single count of misdemeanor drug possession.
    (AP, 6/28/00)

1991        Jun 28, In Detroit, a white woman was attacked by a group of black women at a downtown fireworks display in an incident captured on amateur video. Five women later pleaded no contest to charges stemming from the assault.
    (AP, 6/28/01)
1991        Jun 28, Two people were killed when the Sierra Madre earthquake, magnitude 5.8, shook Southern California.
    (AP, 6/28/01)(www.data.scec.org/chrono_index/sierrama.html)

1992        Jun 28, The 7.3 Landers earthquake hit Southern California. One person was killed and 402 injured.
    (AP, 6/28/97)(www.data.scec.org/chrono_index/landersq.html)
1992        Jun 28, A 35-year-old man at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center became the first recipient of a baboon liver transplant; he lived 10 more weeks.
    (AP, 6/28/97)
1992        Jun 28, In Afghanistan rebel leader Burhanuddin Rabbani became president, but factional fighting continued.
    (WA, 1997,p.737)
1992        Jun 28, French President Francois Mitterrand was cheered as he visited war-torn Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    (AP, 6/28/97)

1993        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court kept alive a "racial gerrymandering" case, saying congressional districts designed to benefit racial minorities may violate white voters' rights.
    (AP, 6/28/98)
1993        Jun 28, Kirk Noble Bloodsworth (b.1960), a former Marine discus champion, was exonerated by DNA evidence of the rape and murder of Dawn Hamilton (9). He was the first US prisoner freed from death row based on DNA.
    (Econ, 2/9/13, p.34)(http://tinyurl.com/a7zma7h)
1993        Jun 28, The US National Commission on AIDS ended its work after four years, with members expressing frustration over how little national leaders had done to combat the disease.
    (AP, 6/28/98)
1993        Jun 28, Boris Christoff (b.1914), Bulgaria born bass singer, died in Rome.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_Christoff)

1994        Jun 28, President Clinton became the first chief executive in U.S. history to set up a personal legal defense fund and ask Americans to contribute to it.
    (AP, 6/28/99)
1994        Jun 28, North and South Korea set July 25-27 as the dates for a historic summit. The summit was derailed by the death of North Korean President Kim Il Sung on Jul 8.
    (AP, 6/28/99)

1995        Jun 28, The US House overwhelmingly approved a constitutional amendment to protect the American flag from desecration. However, the amendment was defeated in the Senate.
    (AP, 6/28/00)
1995        Jun 28, Webster Hubbell, the former number-three official at the Justice Department, was sentenced to 21 months in prison for bilking clients of the law firm where he and Hillary Rodham Clinton were partners.
    (AP, 6/28/00)
1995        Jun 28, The New York Times received the Unabomber manifesto.
    (SFEC,11/9/97, Z1 p.5)
1995        June 28, Mexican police fired on a group of peasants at Agua Blancas in Guerrero. An edited video aired nationally showed that the peasants were armed, but raw video later showed police shooting unarmed peasants, who were than filmed with planted weapons on their corpses. 17 peasants from the leftist Southern Sierra Campesino Organization were killed and 23 others wounded. In 1996 Virgilia Galeana Garcia testified that Gen. Mario Arturo Acosta Chaparro was at the scene of the massacre.
    (SFC, 4/28/96, A-16)(SFC, 6/15/96, p.C12)(SFC, 9/2/00, p.A14)

1996        Jun 28, The Citadel voted to admit women, ending a 153-year-old men-only policy at the South Carolina military school.
    (AP, 6/28/97)
1996        Jun 28, General Motors planned to build cars in Silesia, Poland, after the approved creation of a special enterprise zone and a ten-year tax holiday.
    (WSJ, 6/28/96, p.A6)
1996        Jun 28, In the US a federal advisory panel concluded that high doses of standard birth control pills were safe and effective when used as “morning after" pills following unprotected sex.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A9)
1996        Jun 28, The 20th Century Fund reported that the American intelligence agencies spend $26 billion a year on machines and less than $3 billion on people to analyze the information collected by the machines.
    (SFC, 6/28/96, p.A8)
1996        Jun 28, Russian troops began to pull out from Chechnya.
    (SFC, 6/29/96, p.A13)
1996        Jun 28, In France immigrants began a hunger strike at St. Bernard’s Church in Paris in protest to new hard-line immigration policies.
    (SFC, 8/13/96, p.A3)
1996        Jun 28, The UN Security Council voted to extend the peacekeeper force in Haiti for 5 more months.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 28, Pres. Askar Akayev of Kyrgyzstan hoped to develop the Kumtor gold fields with the help of Cameco, a Canadian mining firm out of Saskatchewan.
    (WSJ, 6/28/96, p.A6)
1996        Jun 28-1996 Jun 29, In Libya some 1270 inmates were killed at Tripoli's Abu Salim prison after protesting conditions there. They included more than 200 guards. Libyan enforcer Abdullah Sanussi ordered Gen. Mansur Dao to carry out the execution. Libya opened an investigation in 2009 into the incident. The killings took place amid confrontation between the government and rebels from the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, an Islamist militant group which first announced its existence in 1995. In 2011 revolutionaries found their mass grave after getting information from captured officials and witnesses. The body count was put at 1700.
    (www.hrw.org/en/node/87096/section/9)(Econ, 3/5/11, p.50)(AFP, 9/26/11)(Econ, 9/17/11, p.46)
    (AFP, 6/29/12)
1996        Jun 28, In Mexico a new guerrilla group, The People’s Revolutionary Army (EPR), disrupted a political meeting in the state of Guerrero.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.A8)
1996        Jun 28, In Turkey Necmettin Erbakan became the country's 1st Islamic prime minister. His conservative Islamic Welfare Party would have to put together a new coalition government. Erbakan formed a coalition government and served as prime minister until resigning a year later after mounting pressure by secularist military.
    (WP. 6/29/96, p.A1)(AP, 11/4/02)
1996        Jun 28, In the Ukraine Pres. Leonid Kuchma pushed through parliament, called the Rada, a new constitution. It established a clear right to own private property, and Ukrainian as the only state language.
    (WP. 6/29/96, p.A20)
1996        Jun 28, Vietnam’s Prime Minister Vo Van Kiet, Party General Secretary Do Muoi and President Le duc Anh were expected to stay put amidst rumors of leadership changes.
    (WSJ, 6/28/96, p.A6)

1997        Jun 28, In a wild rematch, Mike Tyson was disqualified in the 3rd round in the boxing heavyweight title for biting Evander Holyfield's ear in Las Vegas. Tyson complained of head buts by Holyfield. His $30 million purse was withheld pending a hearing. Tyson was suspended and his purse withheld pending a decision on his punishment. His Nevada state boxing license was taken away and he was fined $3 million. The state license could be re-applied for in a year.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, p.C1)(WSJ, 7/2/97, p.A1)(SFC, 7/10/97, p.A7)(AP, 6/28/98)
1997        Jun 28, President Clinton, unable to meet his own July 4 deadline for campaign finance reform, blamed the inaction on Congress in his weekly radio address.
    (AP, 6/28/98)
1997        Jun 28, Robert Schuller, TV evangelist, attacked a flight attendant.
    (www.rapidnet.com/~jbeard/bdm/exposes/schuller/general.htm)
1967        Jun 28, The body of Che Guevara was found in a common grave in Vallegrande, Bolivia.
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, p.A10)
1997        Jun 28, Japanese police announced the arrest of a 14-year-old boy for the murder and beheading of an 11-year-old on May 27. The 15-year-old boy was convicted and sentenced to a juvenile prison, where he would be treated for mental illness. He could be kept there until age 26. In 2015 the killer published a detailed memoir, which quickly became a bestseller.
    (SFEC, 6/29/97, p.D1)(SFC,10/18/97, p.A11)(Econ, 8/1/15, p.37)

1998        Jun 28, The Cincinnati Enquirer published an apology and agreed to pay Chiquita Brands Int’l. $10 million to avoid suit for articles critical of the company’s business. The articles were reportedly based on voice mails stolen from Chiquita. Chiquita is based in Cincinnati and is controlled by financier Carl H. Lindner Jr. Reporter Michael Gallagher was fired and later sued by Chiquita. His 18-page article alleged that Chiquita used life-threatening pesticides, had a Honduran Army raze a village to close a plantation, and that Colombian officials had been bribed to allow the shipment of drugs on its ships.
    (SFC, 6/29/98, p.A4)(SFC, 7/3/98, p.A13)
1998        Jun 28, The 12th World AIDS Conference opened in Geneva with some 12,000 participants.
    (SFC, 6/29/98, p.A1)(AP, 6/28/99)
1998        Jun 28, Storms in the Midwest and East coast left 21 people dead.
    (SFC, 6/29/98, p.A2)(SFC, 6/30/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 28, Major Gen’l. Marion Carl (82), a WW II fighter pilot, was fatally shot at his home in southern Oregon during a robbery. Jesse Stuart Fanus (19) was later arrested for the murder. Fanus was convicted in March and a jury sentenced him to be executed in May, 1999.
    (SFC, 7/6/98, p.A7)(SFC, 5/6/99, p.A3)
1998        Jun 28, In Puerto Rico the Greater Committee of Labor Organizations voted for a work stoppage over the sale of the state phone company.
    (SFC, 6/30/98, p.A3)

1999        Jun 28, Announcing even bigger projected budget surpluses, President Clinton said the government could drastically reduce the national debt while still buttressing Social Security and Medicare.
    (AP, 6/28/00)
1999        Jun 28, It was reported that NATO scaled backed initial estimates of damage to the Yugoslav army in the 78-day air campaign.
    (SFC, 6/28/99, p.A11)
1999        Jun 28, A European and Latin American summit opened for a 2 day conference in Rio De Janeiro. The EU and Mercosur bloc agreed to form a new free-trade zone.
    (SFC, 6/29/99, p.A10)
1999        Jun 28, In Kosovo KLA rebels handed over weapons to NATO troops. At the same time hundreds of Albanians, fired a decade ago by Milosevic, demanded their state jobs back.
    (SFC, 6/29/99, p.A8)
1999        Jun 28, In Nigeria it was reported that armed members of the group Enough is Enough had seized 5 workers of Royal Dutch/Shell in Rivers State.
    (SFC, 6/29/99, p.A9)
1999        Jun 28, The Northern Ireland Parades Commission banned Protestant marchers from parading in Portadown on July 4.
    (SFC, 6/29/99, p.A9)
1999        Jun 28, In Somalia Ethiopian forces captured the regional capital of Garba Harre, 250 miles northwest of Mogadishu.
    (SFC, 6/29/99, p.A9)

2000        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court ruled that the Boy Scouts can exclude gays from its organization (from serving as troop leaders). The ruling allowed the organization to set standards for membership.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.A1)(AP, 6/28/01)(SSFC, 11/3/02, p.A5)
2000        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court also ruled that Nebraska’s ban on “partial-birth abortion" put an “undue burden" on a woman’s right to terminate a pregnancy.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.A1)(AP, 6/28/01)
2000        Jun 28, Seven months after he was cast adrift in the Florida Straits, Elian Gonzalez was returned to his native Cuba with his father.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.A1)(AP, 6/28/01)
2000        Jun 28, In China the government announced a $48 million emergency plan to fight the drought in the northern provinces of Shanxi, Hebei, Gansu, and Ningxia.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.C6)
2000        Jun 28, In Iraq 2 UN staffers were shot and killed in a UN building in Baghdad. Fowad Hussein Haydar (38) was arrested in the attack which he staged to protest int’l. sanctions.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.A10)
2000        Jun 28, In the Philippines Communist guerrillas killed 12 soldiers and an army brigade commander in the town of Jones in northern Isabela province.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.C6)
2000        Jun 28, In Russia The Kremlin issued a plan to overhaul the economy. Separately the upper house of parliament, the Federation Council, voted down a proposal by Pres. Putin to disband it.
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.C6)
2000        Jun 28, In Taiwan Pres. Chen Shui-bian told visiting Americans that he accepts that there is “one China."
    (SFC, 6/29/00, p.A10)

2001        Jun 28, A unanimous federal appeals court reversed the court-ordered breakup of Microsoft, but ruled that the software giant had violated antitrust laws, and appointed another judge to determine a new punishment.
    (SFC, 6/29/01, p.A1)(AP, 6/28/02)
2001        Jun 28, NY Gov. George Pataki signed legislation that banned the use of handheld cell phones by drivers, effective Nov 1. Emergencies were exempted.
    (SFC, 6/29/01, p.A8)
2001        Jun 28, Mortimer Adler, philosopher and author, died in San Mateo, Ca., at age 98. His work included “How to Read a Book" (1940) and “Great Books of the Western World" (1945), “How to Think About God" (1980) and “The Four Dimensions of Philosophy."
    (SFC, 6/30/01, p.A18)
2001        Jun 28, In Colombia rebels freed 242 prisoners in a boost to peace talks.
    (WSJ, 6/29/01, p. A1)
2001        Jun 28, Serbia sent former Pres. Milosevic to the Hague for a war-crimes trial, the 1st for an ex-head of state.
    (WSJ, 6/29/01, p. A1)(SFC, 6/29/01, p.A1)
2001        Jun 28, In Spain a parcel bomb in Madrid injured Gen. Justo Oreja Pedraza (63), a defense minister, along with 15 others. The ETA was blamed.
    (SFC, 6/29/01, p.D4)

2002        Jun 28, WorldCom Inc. began laying off 17,000 employees worldwide after disclosing accounting irregularities that later forced it into bankruptcy protection.
    (AP, 6/28/03)
2002        Jun 28, Xerox Corporation announced it had improperly reported $1.9 billion in revenue over the previous five years and would restate those financial results.
    (AP, 6/28/03)
2002        Jun 28, In China it was reported that at least 46 people were killed in the northern province of Shanxi when an electrical fire ignited explosives in a gold mine.
    (Reuters, 6/28/02)
2002        Jun 28, In Bogota, Colombia, a Catholic priest, critical of leftist rebels, was gunned down in front of a church where he had just performed mass.
    (AP, 6/28/02)
2002        Jun 28, In the Rep. of Congo officials reported that supporters of President Denis Sassou-Nguesso won a majority in the nation's new parliament after a runoff vote held last week.
    (AP, 6/28/02)
2002        Jun 28, The Israeli army smashed through an outer wall of the Palestinian Authority headquarters in Hebron to try to flush out suspected militants. An Israeli military court sentenced a 16-year-old Palestinian from the militant Hamas movement to life in prison for trying to blow himself up when confronted by Israeli police, the first time a would-be bomber was brought to trial.
    (Reuters, 6/28/02)(AP, 6/28/02)
2002        Jun 28, A Kyrgyzstan court overturned the corruption sentence on against an opposition lawmaker, whose case spawned nationwide protests in the former Soviet republic.
    (AP, 6/28/02)
2002        Jun 28, In Mexico City gunmen with assault rifles tried to hold up an armored car, killing three guards and wounding two others, but getting no money.
    (AP, 6/28/02)

2003        Jun 28, The Mississippi River Museum and Aquarium opened in Dubuque, Iowa.
    (SSFC, 9/14/03, p.C12)
2003        Jun 28, After days of intense searching by ground and air, U.S. forces found the bodies of two soldiers missing north of Baghdad, as the toll of American dead since the start of war topped the grim milestone of 200.
    (AP, 6/28/04)
2003        Jun 28, An Islamic Jihad leader announced that the group accepted a conditional three-month halt to attacks on Israelis — the first open confirmation of the deal from a militant leader.
    (AP, 6/28/03)
2003        Jun 28, Two suspected Islamic militants stormed an army camp in Kashmir, killing 12 soldiers before being slain themselves.
    (AP, 6/28/03)
2003        Jun 28, West African leaders promised to deploy a peace force of at least 5,000 troops to warring Liberia after a cease-fire has been reached, and said France had offered soldiers and logistical support.
    (AP, 6/28/03)
2003        Jun 28, Malawi's army was deployed to quell violent riots after demonstrators attacked an American children's charity and several churches to protest the removal of five Muslim foreign nationals suspected of working for al-Qaida.
    (AP, 6/29/03)

2004        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court ruled 6-3 that detainees at Guantanamo must have access to the US legal system. The Court ruled that the war on terrorism did not give the government a "blank check" to hold a US citizen and foreign-born terror suspects in legal limbo.
    (WSJ, 6/29/04, p.A1)(AP, 6/28/05)
2004        Jun 28, America resumed direct diplomatic ties with Libya after a 24-year break.
    (USAT, 6/29/04, p.12A)(AP, 6/28/05)
2004        Jun 28, In Texas 2 freight trains collided in San Antonio and one engineer was killed. Derailed train cars released clouds of chlorine gas and ammonium nitrate. 2 people died from the toxic gases.
    (USAT, 6/29/04, p.3A)(WSJ, 6/30/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 28, Seven Afghan policemen were killed as NATO agreed to boost its troop contingent there to 10,000 ahead of September elections.
    (WSJ, 6/29/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 28, In Canada the Liberal Party suffered heavy losses forcing PM Paul Martin to establish the 1st minority government since 1979.
    (WSJ, 6/29/04, p.A1)(SFC, 6/30/04, p.A7)
2004        Jun 28, In Germany Mozart's opera "Die Entfuehrung aus dem Serail" (The Abduction from the Seraglio) has caused a scandal in Berlin. A new production featured rape, torture and masturbation, a nude bass singing an aria in the shower and a cross-dressing hero who rounds off the night by slaughtering a troupe of semi-naked prostitutes.
    (AP, 6/28/04)
2004        Jun 28, The European Union denied China's request to be officially recognized as a market economy, saying that an assessment of the Chinese economy showed too much state interference and poor corporate governance.
    (AP, 6/28/04)
2004        Jun 28, Iran’s Deputy Interior Minister Ali Asghar Ahmadi said two Iranian soldiers and eight rebels were killed in clashes with Kurds. A pro-Kurdish news agency said 16 soldiers and four rebels died.
    (AP, 7/10/04)
2004        Jun 28, The US-led coalition in a surprise move, transferred sovereignty to an interim Iraqi government two days early.
    (AP, 6/28/04)
2004        Jun 28, NATO leaders agreed to help train Iraq's armed forces just hours after the new government in Baghdad took over sovereignty from the U.S.-led administration.
    (AP, 6/28/04)
2004        Jun 28, A Palestinian rocket attack on Sderot killed an Israeli boy (3) and man (49).
    (USAT, 6/29/04, p.12A)

2005        Jun 28, On the first anniversary of Iraqi sovereignty, President Bush, addressing the nation from Fort Bragg, NC, rejected suggestions that he set a timetable for withdrawal from Iraq or send in more troops as he counseled patience for Americans who were questioning the war’s painful costs.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2005        Jun 28, In Alabama a jury acquitted former CEO Richard Scrushy of federal corporate corruption charges in a $2.7 billion accounting fraud at HealthSouth. The SEC soon announced that it would press a civil fraud case seeking $800 million from Scrushy.
    (SFC, 6/29/05, p.C1)(SFC, 7/6/05, p.C1)
2005        Jun 28, The Grand Challenges in Global Health announced 43 winners. The program was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation ($450m), the UK’s Wellcome Trust ($27m), and Canada’s Institute of Health Research ($4.5m).
    (WSJ, 6/28/05, p.D6)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.69)
2005        Jun 28, Google unveiled a free 3-D satellite mapping technology.
    (SFC, 6/29/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 28, In Kunar province, Afghanistan, 4 US Navy SEAL commandos radioed for help during a reconnaissance mission for Taliban and al-Qaeda fighters, that was part of Operation Red Wing. A US Chinook helicopter with 16 men responded to the call and was shot down. Marcus Luttrell was rescued by US forces on July 2. In 2007 Luttrell, the only survivor, authored “Lone Survivor: The Eyewitness Account of Operation Redwing and the Lost Heroes of SEAL Team 10." Michael Murphy, a Navy Seal who gave his life to call for help for his unit, was awarded the Medal of Honor in 2007.
    (AP, 6/29/05)(SFC, 7/7/05, p.A14)(WSJ, 10/23/07, p.A1)(WSJ, 10/27/07, p.A9)
2005        Jun 28, Austria launched an energy exchange to trade carbon allowances in accord with the Kyoto treaty to deal with greenhouse gases.
    (Econ, 7/25/05, p.64)
2005        Jun 28, Canada’s House of Commons passed legislation, drafted by PM Paul Martin, to legalize gay marriage in spite of fierce opposition from Conservatives and religious leaders. It would become only the third country in the world to legalize gay marriage.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, Canada’s Supreme Court said there is well-founded evidence that Rwandan exile Leon Mugesera helped to incite the massacre of ethnic rivals in his homeland and should be kicked out of Canada.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, China said it will begin filling its strategic oil reserve by the end of the year.
    (WSJ, 6/29/05, p.A13)
2005        Jun 28, Avian flu has killed 5,000 wild birds in China's northwest, the World Health Organization said, five times the number previously reported by the Chinese government.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Cuban leader Fidel Castro made a surprise visit to Venezuela for what he described on arrival as an ''historic encounter'' with his top ally, Pres. Hugo Chavez, and a 2-day summit with Caribbean leaders. This was his 4th trip to Venezuela since 1999 and his first outside of Cuba since late 2003.
    (www.globalexchange.org/countries/americas/cuba/3212.html)
2005        Jun 28, Colombia began a 2-day operation in which 12 members of Colombia's navy were arrested in raids that uncovered drug-making chemicals and documents linking them to cocaine smuggling groups.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, In Dagestan, Russia, a writer and critic of the Islamist movement was shot to death in Makhachkala.
    (WSJ, 7/29/05, p.A11)
2005        Jun 28, Egypt ordered five public sector company bosses to stand trial in a multi-million dollar corruption case, one of the biggest of its kind in recent years.
    (AFP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, In Ethiopia police arrested four independent newspaper editors on criminal charges of defaming the military. They were detained for seven hours and later released on bail. The arrests stem from reports in their Amharic-language weeklies about Ethiopian air force pilots who sought political asylum while training in Belarus.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, An international consortium chose France as the site for an experimental nuclear fusion reactor, a $13 billion project that developers hope will one day generate endless, cheap energy by reproducing the sun's power source and wean the world off fossil fuels.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Stung by a recent scandal that rocked India's booming business processing industry, the government announced that it will tighten laws to prevent cyber crime and ensure data secrecy.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, US troops allegedly killed an Iraqi television director when he drove near a US convoy. A suicide car bomb killed Sheikh Dhari Ali al-Fayadh, an Iraqi Shiite legislator, his son and two bodyguards near Baghdad as they were headed to a parliamentary session in the capital. A suicide bomber near Balad killed a US soldier. A car bomb near Tikrit killed another US soldier. In Samara police fired on a crowd demanding jobs and one person was killed. A car bomb in Baquba killed on e person. A suicide bomber in Musayyib killed a police officer. Bloodshed killed at least 18 people throughout Iraq. In Kirkuk a suicide car bomber slammed into a convoy killing a bodyguard of traffic police chief Brig. Gen. Salar Ahmed.
    (AP, 6/29/05)(SFC, 6/29/05, p.A15)
2005        Jun 28, More than 1,000 U.S. troops and Iraqi forces launched Operation Sword on Tuesday in a bid to crush insurgents and foreign fighters in western Iraq, the third major offensive in the area in recent weeks.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Pakistan's Supreme Court overturned the acquittals of 13 men accused of gang-raping a villager and ordered the suspects arrested in a case that has drawn international attention to the brutal treatment of women in this conservative Muslim country.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Lebanon's new parliament overwhelmingly re-elected a pro-Syrian as speaker in a political compromise by the anti-Syrian coalition that won the elections.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Lawmakers overwhelming approved a law allowing millions of Mexicans living abroad to vote by mail in next year's presidential election, a measure that could reshape the country's leadership race.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Mexico's Zapatista rebels suggested they would seek to open a political front with workers, farmers and students, a decision the government interpreted as a move toward joining mainstream politics and away from armed struggle.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Russia said it intends to cancel $2.2 billion owed by the poorest African countries in support of an initiative by the eight major industrialized nations to write off more than $40 billion of debt.
    (AP, 6/29/05)
2005        Jun 28, Saudi Arabia issued a list of 36 men wanted for acts of terror and called on people to report them to the police.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, South Korea's spy agency said North Korea has cut most of its international phone lines since late March over concerns that sensitive information about its society will flow out of the isolated country.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, Swedish truck and bus maker Volvo AB said it will close an assembly plant in Botswana and open a new factory in Durban, South Africa.
    (AP, 6/28/05)
2005        Jun 28, In Madrid a Tibetan group presented a criminal case against top Chinese officials for genocide and crimes against humanity, seeking to take advantage of Spain's laws on international human rights crimes.
    (AP, 6/28/05)

2006        Jun 28, Star Jones Reynolds was booted from "The View," one day after surprising ABC and Barbara Walters by saying on the air that she wouldn't be returning to the daytime talk show in the fall.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2006        Jun 28, "Miracle on Ice" coach Herb Brooks and Patrick Roy, the NHL's winningest goaltender, were among four honorees elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2006        Jun 28, In California the San Jose City Council passed a nonbinding resolution (8-3) asking Mayor Gonzales to resign following his indictment on corruption charges.
    (SFC, 6/29/06, p.B1)
2006        Jun 28, The US NBA approved switching to a synthetic basketball that promised improved control and more dunks next season.
    (WSJ, 6/29/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 28, The IPO of J. Crews closed at $25.55, 28% above the $20 offering price. CEO Mickey Drexler stepped in as head of the NY retailer in 2003.
    (SFC, 6/29/06, p.C1)
2006        Jun 28, At least 16 deaths in northeastern US states were blamed on the stormy weather and three people were missing. Rain on the East coast forced the evacuation of more than 2,200 people near a rising lake and washed out part of a four-lane highway.
    (AP, 6/28/06)(WSJ, 6/29/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 28, Published remarks by Algeria’s Interior Minister Noureddine Yazid Zerhouni said about 200 Islamist fighters have so far surrendered under an amnesty aimed at ending years of violence.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, Australia's PM Howard hailed his country's record liquid natural gas export contract with China as a symbol of blossoming trade between the countries during an inaugural ceremony with Premier Wen Jiabao at the Chinese gas terminal in Shenzen.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, Belgian authorities confirmed the discovery of a second body in their search for two missing schoolgirls. Stepsisters, Stacy Lemmens (7) and Nathalie Mahy (10), had disappeared from a street party on June 10.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, About 150,000 people demanded autonomy for Bolivia's wealthiest state in one of the nation's largest demonstrations ever just four days before a national referendum on the issue.
    (AP, 6/29/06)
2006        Jun 28, Canadian scientists said they have created the first device able to re-grow teeth and bones. Researchers at the University of Alberta in Edmonton filed patents earlier this month in the US for the tool based on low-intensity pulsed ultrasound technology after testing it on a dozen dental patients in Canada.
    (AFP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, In northern China an explosion at a coal mine killed at least 22 workers and injured 37. Five more people were missing following the explosion in the Wulong Coal Mine in Fuxin, a city in Liaoning province.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, Stone-throwing youths attacked refugee camps and torched homes in East Timor, raising tensions as thousands of supporters of ex-premier Mari Alkatiri waited outside the capital Dili.
    (AFP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jan 28, Maurice Lever (b.1935), French writer, died in Paris of cancer. His work included a biography of Marquis de Sade (1994), “Bloody Rumors" (1993), a history of violent news stories, and “Scepter and Bauble" (1909), a history of court jesters.
    (SFC, 5/30/09, p.E2)(www.imdb.com/name/nm1927840/bio)
2006        Jun 28, HSBC said police had arrested an employee at an HSBC centre in Bangalore, India's technology hub, for allegedly taking 230,000 pounds from the accounts of 16 British account holders.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, Iraq's PM Nouri-al-Maliki said that 11 insurgent groups have shown a willingness for reconciliation, but that any amnesty for insurgents would exclude militants who killed American forces or Iraqis. Eight of the 11 insurgent groups banded together to approach al-Maliki's government under The 1920 Revolution Brigade, which has claimed credit for killing US troops in the past. A security official said Iraqi forces had captured Yousri Fakher Mohammed Ali, a Tunisian also known as Abu Qudama, a key al-Qaida suspect wanted in the bombing of a Shiite shrine. The mastermind of the attack that brought the country to the brink of civil war was still at large. A suicide car bomber blew up himself near a Sunni mosque in a market south of the northeastern city of Baqouba, killing one person and wounding 12. A roadside bomb targeting a US convoy exploded in western Baghdad, killing an Iraqi civilian and wounding another. Gunmen killed Riyadh Abdul-Majid Zuaini, the customs director for central Baghdad, and his driver in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Amariyah.
    (AP, 6/28/06)(AP, 6/29/06)
2006        Jun 28, Israeli tanks and troops entered southern Gaza in the early morning and planes attacked three bridges and knocked out electricity and water supplies for most of the 1.3 million residents of the Gaza Strip. An Israeli Cabinet minister accused the Hamas leader in Syria of ordering the kidnapping of an Israeli soldier in the Gaza Strip and said he is a target for assassination. A Palestinian militant group threatened to kill an abducted Jewish settler if Israel doesn't stop its raid on the Gaza Strip.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, Italy's center-left government won a confidence vote, a motion it had called itself in a political maneuver to gain more time to implement a package of reforms.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, Gunmen shot and killed Ignacio Perales Gomez, a prominent Mexico City police investigator, outside his home. Perales was a lead investigator in several of the city's notable cases including that of jailed businessman Carlos Ahumada, a Mexico City construction mogul linked to a bribery scandal that rocked the country in 2004.
    (AP, 6/29/06)
2006        Jun 28, Morocco and the US agreed to give the African country's exports to North America a boost.
    (AFP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, Pakistani authorities released 50 detained tribesmen in a goodwill gesture in the northern tribal region. The releases came amid efforts to end four years of violence between pro-Taliban militants and the Pakistani military in the North and South Waziristan regions.
    (AP, 6/29/06)
2006        Jun 28, Peru’s Congress overwhelmingly voted to ratify a free trade pact with the US, rejecting claims the treaty will hurt Peru's farmers by flooding the Andean nation with subsidized cotton, rice, corn and potatoes.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, The Kremlin press service said President Vladimir Putin has ordered Russia's special services to hunt down and "destroy" the killers of four Russian diplomats in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, Russian prosecutors asked media officials to close three popular teenage magazines, arguing the publications propagate sexual activity.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, A spokesman said the UN Development Program has halted a voluntary disarmament program in Uganda's troubled northeast amid new reports of rights abuses by government troops in the region.
    (AP, 6/28/06)
2006        Jun 28, The UN General Assembly unanimously admitted the newly independent Republic of Montenegro as the 192nd member of the world body.
    (AP, 6/28/06)

2007        Jun 28, President Bush's immigration plan to legalize as many as 12 million unlawful immigrants while fortifying the border collapsed in the Senate.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2007        Jun 28, The US FDA halted imports of 5 kinds of farm raised seafood from China after tests revealed trace amounts of carcinogens and antibiotics.
    (SFC, 6/29/07, p.B5)
2007        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court in a 5-4 decision condemned race-based school enrollment plans in Louisville, Ky., and Seattle, but stopped short of banning it. The decision was denounced at a debate hours later by Democratic presidential candidates. The court also struck down an anti-trust rule nearly a century old, saying that it is no longer automatically unlawful for manufacturers and distributors to agree on setting minimum retail prices.
    (SFC, 6/29/07, p.A1, D1)(AP, 6/28/08)
2007        Jun 28, In Alabama a district judge ordered Richard M. Scrushy, former head of HealthSouth to immediately begin serving an 82-month prison sentence for bribery. Former Alabama Gov. Don Siegelman was sentenced to over 7 years in prison.
    (WSJ, 6/28/07, p.A3)
2007        Jun 28, Biologists reported the conversion of one species of bacterium into another by replacing all of its DNA.
    (SFC, 6/29/07, p.A9)
2007        Jun 28, The US Fish and Wildlife Service announced that it would remove the bald eagle from the list of creatures protected under the Endangered Species Act.
    (Econ, 7/7/07, p.31)
2007        Jun 28, Bruce Kennedy (b.1938), former CEO of Alaska Airlines (1979-1991), was killed when his Cessna 182 crashed in Cashmere, Wash.
    (WSJ, 1/7/07, p.A4)
2007        Jun 28, A suicide car bomber hit a convoy of security contractors in Kabul, killing two US nationals and an Afghan woman and wounding three other Americans. The last of 18 mine clearing experts seized by the Taliban at the weekend were released unharmed, but the insurgent group has kept hold of key detection equipment as well as 3 specialist sniffer dogs. The Taliban beheaded a boy (15) in Zabul province after accusing him of spying for US forces. The headless body of Mir Zaman, who had been working as a translator for NATO-led troops in the eastern province of Paktia, was found in Logar province.
    (AFP, 6/28/07)(Reuters, 6/28/07)(AFP, 6/29/07)
2007        Jun 28, An Angolan Airlines plane crashed into a house on landing, killing at least six people in M'banza Congo, a town about 180 miles north of the capital, Luanda.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, Dramatic flooding replaced relentless drought in parts of eastern Australia, as PM John Howard expressed hopes that the country's worst drought in a century may be coming to an end.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, The Bolivian government began legal proceedings to seize the vast landholdings of a prominent opposition leader, saying the property was fraudulently obtained and should be given to a local Indian tribe. Soybean oil magnate Branko Marinkovic, an outspoken critic of President Evo Morales, said the 64,250 acres targeted by the government were obtained legally and are being used productively.
    (AP, 6/29/07)
2007        Jun 28, In central Bolivia 3 Bolivian soldiers and a Venezuelan sergeant died when an air force helicopter crashed.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, Federal authorities in Brazil arrested 10 Brazilians accused of luring South American women to Spain and forcing them into prostitution.
    (AP, 6/29/07)
2007        Jun 28, In Toronto the CN Tower, the world's tallest free-standing structure, showed off its high-efficiency LED lighting, giving a brief preview of some of the millions of color combinations that will flow up and down the 553-meter (1,815-foot) tower during holidays and special events.
    (Reuters, 6/29/07)
2007        Jun 28, Egypt banned all female circumcision, the widely-practiced removal of the clitoris, which just days ago cost the life of a 12-year-old girl.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, Ethiopian PM Meles Zenawi said he had accepted a 2002-border ruling with the country's arch-foe Eritrea, but insisted on new talks on how to implement it.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, The European Commission said all Indonesian airlines and several from Russia, Ukraine and Angola will be banned from flying to the EU due to safety concerns.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, Hundreds of ethnic Georgians confronted Russian peacekeeping forces in the breakaway region of South Ossetia, throwing paint and gasoline on the troops and forcing them to stop blocking a road project.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, African Union foreign ministers met in Accra, Ghana, to prepare a summit of heads of state next week, the focus of which will be the creation of the United States of Africa.
    (AP, 6/29/07)
2007        Jun 28, In Greece a fire broke out in the forest on Mount Parnitha, 12 miles northwest of Athens, and burned for 5 days destroying some 11,000 acres.
    (SSFC, 7/22/07, p.G2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Parnitha)
2007        Jun 28, In Iraq a car bomb killed 22 people in one of the capital's busy outdoor bus stations. A report of 20 beheaded bodies, allegedly discovered on the banks of the Tigris River southeast of Baghdad, was later found to be false. 3 mortar rounds slammed into a popular shopping district in central Baghdad, killing 3 pedestrians. Mortars also fell early in eastern Baghdad's al-Amin neighborhood, killing 2 civilians and wounding 4 others. A car bomb exploded at a fuel station in western Baghdad's Mansour neighborhood, killing one person and wounding 3 others. 2 suspected militants were killed when the bomb they were planting near a house of a US translator detonated prematurely. Insurgents launched a deadly coordinated attack on an American combat patrol, detonating a roadside bomb, then firing guns and rocket-propelled grenades at the soldiers.
    (AP, 6/28/07)(AP, 6/29/07)(AP, 7/1/07)
2007        Jun 28, Israeli President Moshe Katzav agreed to resign under an unexpected plea bargain that included no jail time for sex crimes, ending a year-long investigation. Israeli troops imposed a curfew on downtown Nablus and clashed with Fatah militants as the army's activities moved from Gaza to the West Bank.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, It was reported that Italy’s PM Romano Prodi estimated that unpaid taxes, including income from the black market, were equal to 27% of Italy’s GDP. The public debt stood at 106% of GDP.
    (WSJ, 6/28/07, p.A1)
2007        Jun 28, Shigetake Ogata (73), the former head of Japan's intelligence agency, was arrested on fraud allegations involving a $29 million purchase of the headquarters of the General Association of Korean Residents from a pro-North Korean group that he had monitored.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, Kiichi Miyazawa (b.1919), former PM of Japan (1991-1993), died.
    (AP, 6/28/07)(SFC, 6/30/07, p.B5)
2007        Jun 28, Lebanese troops killed at least six Islamic militants during a gunbattle in northern Lebanon.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, Nigeria’s President Umaru Yar'Adua revealed personal wealth of $5 million, saying public financial disclosures should be standard practice amidst official corruption. Torrential rain brought Lagos virtually to a standstill as streets flooded with more than 50 centimeters (20 inches) of water, in places blocking traffic.
    (AFP, 6/28/07)(AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, Salam Fayyad, the new Palestinian PM, delivered a stern warning to hundreds of Islamic preachers, including Hamas supporters: He won't tolerate calls for violence delivered from mosque pulpits and plans to collect militants' weapons.
    (AP, 6/29/07)
2007        Jun 28, President Vladimir Putin welcomed Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez for talks at the Russian presidential retreat outside Moscow, saying economic affairs and military-technical cooperation were on the agenda.
    (AP, 6/29/07)
2007        Jun 28, In Somalia a roadside bomb killed two Somali soldiers in Mogadishu in the latest of a string of attacks highlighting worsening security.
    (AFP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, In South Africa public sector unions representing one million members called off a nearly monthlong strike, bringing an end to a labor action that shut down schools and crippled hospitals across the country.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, In Sudan China's No. 1 oil company, CNPC, and Indonesia's PT Pertamina agreed to co-develop a Sudanese offshore oil block, ignoring international efforts to isolate Sudan over the crisis in its Darfur region.
    (AP, 7/1/07)
2007        Jun 28, The Vatican said Pope Benedict XVI has approved a document that relaxes restrictions on celebrating the Latin Mass used by the Roman Catholic Church for centuries until the modernizing reforms of the 1960s.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, In Zambia US first lady Laura Bush promoted the role of faith-based organizations in combating disease in Africa as she launched an anti-malaria campaign.
    (AP, 6/28/07)
2007        Jun 28, Zimbabwe ordered a blanket freeze on the prices of all goods and services, urging members of the public to blow the whistle on retailers who ignore the latest edict.
    (AFP, 6/28/07)

2008        Jun 28, US President George W. Bush declared a state of emergency in California and ordered federal aid to help authorities battle more than 1,000 wildfires burning out of control.
    (AFP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 28, Ruslana Korshunova (20), a European Vogue cover model, fell to her death from her Manhattan apartment building in an apparent suicide. She was originally from the former Soviet republic of Kazakhstan.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 28, In Mountain View, Ca., Omar Aquino (24) and his sister, Teresa Sanchez (27), were killed in their home. Police later said they were the victims of a conspiracy that included 7 youths and young adults communicating with cellular text messages.
    (SFC, 8/28/08, p.B4)
2008        Jun 28, A small plane crashed outside Las Vegas killing 4 residents of Oakley, Ca.
    (SFC, 6/30/08, p.B1)
2008        Jun 28, Dr. Robert C. Seamans, former NASA administrator (1960-1968) and MIT professor, died in Massachusetts. In 1968 Pres. Nixon named him secretary of the Air Force and in 1974 Pres. Ford named him the first administrator of the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), which along with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, had replaced the Atomic Energy Commission.
    (SFC, 7/4/08, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Seamans)
2008        Jun 28, In Afghanistan the US-led coalition said 32 militants were killed in southern Uruzgan province. 2 militants were killed in a firefight in the Marja district of troubled Helmand province. An army vehicle was struck by a roadside bomb in Paktia province killing two Afghan soldiers. In Farah province insurgents attacked the government headquarters in Juwain and the ensuing battle left at least 2 police officers dead.
    (SSFC, 6/29/08, p.A4)(AP, 6/30/08)(SFC, 6/30/08, p.A10)
2008        Jun 28, In Bulgaria extremists throwing rocks, bottles and gasoline bombs attacked the capital's first gay pride parade which included some 150 participants.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 28, In Chechnya 2 police officers and 2 civilians were killed in the southern Shatoi district during an operation to persuade militants to surrender.
    (SFC, 6/30/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 28, China’s government said Tropical Storm Fengshen killed at least nine people in southern China. In southwest China angry villagers set fire to police and government offices and overturned vehicles to protest how officials handled a teenage student's death. The unrest was sparked by the death of a 16-year-old student who was raped and murdered. Relatives said she disappeared after being called away by three young men, two of whom were related to officials in the county's public security bureau. Provincial officials soon dismissed the town’s government, party and police chiefs.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/29/08)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.30)
2008        Jun 28, In Iraq 2 militants were killed in a gunfight in Sharqat, about 170 miles north of Baghdad. One of the dead was identified as a wanted member of a network that carries out bombings. A suspected militant was killed in Kirkuk during a raid on a cell believed to have carried out kidnappings. Gunmen killed the head of Basra's intelligence department in a night time drive-by shooting in eastern Baghdad. The US military detained a suspected al-Qaida in Iraq member in Udaim in an operation that destroyed two structures rigged with explosives.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 28, In Indian Kashmir at least 50 people were injured when police and protesters clashed for a sixth day as resistance to the transfer of land to a Hindu pilgrim group deepened.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 28, In Lebanon at least one person was killed and 28 others wounded when an explosion ripped through an apartment building in the northern city of Tripoli. The explosion was caused by a bomb placed in the first floor of a building in a district whose Sunni Muslim residents support the government.
    (AP, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 28, In Malaysia a male volunteer, working for the political campaign of opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim, lodged a police report accusing him of sexual assault.
    (Econ, 7/5/08, p.51)
2008        Jun 28, Pakistani forces bombarded suspected militant hideouts with mortar shells as the government launched a major offensive against Taliban fighters near Peshawar, the main city in the country's volatile northwest.
    (Reuters, 6/28/08)
2008        Jun 28, In the southern Philippines some 50 New People's Army guerrillas attacked a police station and burned a cellular phone transmission tower, sparking clashes with government forces that killed at least 11 people.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 28, Police in Russia’s Dagestan province killed three suspected militants, including a woman.
    (AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 28, In northern Sri Lanka government troops captured a Tamil Tiger rebel-held village. 20 rebels and a soldier were killed in Vavuniya. Seven Tigers and a soldier were killed in Mannar and 14 rebels died in Welioya.
    (AP, 6/28/08)(AP, 6/29/08)
2008        Jun 28, The head of a foreign observer mission said many Zimbabweans deliberately defaced their ballots in a discredited presidential runoff with President Robert Mugabe as the sole candidate, and voted only out of fear.
    (AP, 6/28/08)

2009        Jun 28, The US Agriculture Department said a Colorado meat company is expanding a recall of beef due to possible contamination by E.coli O157:H7 bacteria after an investigation found 18 illnesses may be linked to the meat.
    (Reuters, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 28, It was reported that bark beetles were killing millions of pine trees from Colorado to Canada. Over 7 million acres of forest in the US have been declared all but dead. 22 million more acres were expected to die over the next 15 years.
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, p.A16)
2009        Jun 28, Impressionist Fred Travalena (66), a headliner in Vegas showrooms and a regular on late-night talk shows with his takes on presidents, crooners and screen stars, died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 28, Billy Mays (50), known to television viewers as the OxiClean guy, died of a heart attack at his Tampa home. The boisterous pitchman aired on commercials hundreds of times a week nationwide showing off his latest cleaning product or gadget. An autopsy later showed that cocaine use contributed to his heart disease.
    (AP, 6/29/09)(SFC, 6/30/09, p.A4)(SFC, 8/8/09, p.A4)
2009        Jun 28, In eastern Afghanistan a suicide car bomber attacked a police vehicle in Nangarhar province, killing a child nearby and wounding nine people, including four policemen.
    (AP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 28, Albanians voted in parliamentary elections seen as a crucial test of democracy to prove the Balkan country is ready for EU membership. The governing Democratic Party and the opposition Socialist Party were neck-and-neck in pre-election polls. PM Berisha’s Democrats won 68 seats and allies won 2 seats in the 140-seat parliament.
    (AP, 6/28/09)(SFC, 6/29/09, p.A2)(SFC, 7/27/09, p.A2)
2009        Jun 28, Argentina's first couple suffered a stunning setback in an election seen as a referendum on their political dynasty, losing control of both houses of Congress. The loss weakened President Cristina Fernandez's government two years before she leaves office by diminishing her ability to push legislation through Congress. Former President Nestor Kirchner, lost a bid for a seat from Buenos Aires province. Allies of the first couple also lost key races in the election in the city of Buenos Aires and Cordoba and Santa Fe provinces.
    (AP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 28, The Australian navy intercepted a refugee boat with 194 people aboard off the country's northwest coast. It was the 15th suspected people-smuggling craft to have been stopped in Australian waters or to have made landfall since January.
    (AFP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 28, Egyptian security forces arrested a leading member of the opposition Muslim Brotherhood and three others in pre-dawn raids. Egyptian police shot dead a migrant and wounded two others as they tried to enter Israel illegally.
    (AFP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 28, Guinea-Bissau held elections for a new leader to replace the late President Joao Bernardo "Nino" Vieira, who was assassinated more than three months ago. The population of Guinea-Bissau stood at about 1.5 million. Leading a pack of 11 candidates were three former presidents seeking to retake the post. The election was marked by one of the lowest turnouts ever. If no candidate wins an overall majority in the first round, the election will go to a run-off between the two highest-placed contenders on July 28.
    (AP, 6/28/09)(AFP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 28, In Honduras more than a dozen soldiers arrested President Manuel Zelaya and disarmed his security guards after surrounding his residence before dawn. Protesters called it a coup and flocked to the presidential palace as local news media reported that Zelaya was sent into exile in Costa Rica. He was detained shortly before voting was to begin on a constitutional referendum the president had insisted on holding even though the Supreme Court ruled it illegal and everyone from the military to Congress and members of his own party opposed it. The nonbinding referendum was to ask voters if they want to hold a vote during the November presidential election on whether to convoke an assembly to rewrite the constitution. Roberto Micheletti, the leader of Congress, was sworn in to serve until Zelaya's term ends. This was the first military ouster of a Central American president since 1993, when Guatemalan military officials refused to accept President Jorge Serrano's attempt to seize absolute power.
    (AP, 6/28/09)(AP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 28, In India hundreds of gay rights supporters waved flags and danced past traffic during marches through three Indian cities to celebrate gay pride and call for the decriminalization of homosexuality in this deeply conservative country.
    (AP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 28, In India at least 35 people including eight children were killed after they were struck by lightning in the adjoining eastern Indian states of Bihar and Jharkhand.
    (AFP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 28, In Ingushetia in a region bordering Chechnya to the east, police troops clashed with militants in an overnight gunbattle that killed four militants and one police officer.
    (AP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 28, Iranian media reported that eight local British embassy staff were detained for an alleged role in postelection protests. Rot police clashed with up to 3,000 protesters near the Ghoba Mosque in north Tehran. It was Iran's first major post-election unrest in four days.
    (AP, 6/28/09)(AP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 28, In Iraq a roadside bomb targeting a US convoy in eastern Baghdad wounded six bystanders. It was unclear if anyone in the convoy was injured. A car bomb also exploded in the parking lot of a police academy in western Baghdad, killing one police officer and wounding six others. Insurgents were apparently taking advantage of a major sandstorm that blanketed Baghdad and reduced visibility to just a few yards in some places.
    (AP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 28, In Lebanon a Sunni woman (30) was killed and three men were wounded in a gunbattle between Sunni supporters of Lebanon's prime minister-designate and parliamentary majority leader Saad Hariri, and rival followers of the Hezbollah-allied Shiite Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri.
    (AP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 28, Mexican prosecutors announced they have put 93 police officers and investigators under house arrest on suspicion of aiding the Zetas, a feared gang of hit men tied to the Gulf drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 28, In Nigeria at least eight people were killed in the collapse of a three-story building in Lagos, the capital.
    (AP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 28, The Pakistani government offered a $615,000 reward for information leading to the capture or death of Baitullah Mehsud. Fighter jets bombarded militant hideouts in Samm village of Laddha town in South Waziristan, killing 8 rebels. An ambush by rival Taliban under Gul Bahadur killed 23 soldiers in North Waziristan. 10 suspected militants were also killed in the attack. A stray mortar shell hit a mosque during prayers in Azam Warsak in South Waziristan, killing 3 tribesmen and wounding 7.
    (AP, 6/28/09)(AP, 6/29/09)(SFC, 6/29/09, p.A2)(Econ, 7/25/09, p.38)
2009        Jun 28, In the Philippines 7 policemen killed in an attack by suspected Muslim guerrillas on the restive southern island of Basilan.
    (AFP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 28, Somali pirates released the entire crew of the Belgian the Pompei dredger, a ship seized on April 18, after a ransom was paid.
    (AP, 6/28/09)
2009        Jun 28, In Sudan 6 people were killed in weekend tribal clashes between Nuba and Misseriya tribesmen in Sudan's South Kordofan region, which borders Darfur.
    (AFP, 6/29/09)
2009        Jun 28, Swiss police said they have uncovered a child pornography ring involving more than 2,000 people in 78 countries.
    (AP, 6/28/09)

2010        Jun 28, The US and the EU signed a deal to share financial data in suspected terrorist cases.
    (SFC, 6/29/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 28, The Supreme Court held that Americans have the right to own a gun for self-defense anywhere they live. The court, in the case of McDonald v. City of Chicago, forever changed the terms of debate over the right to bear arms. The 5-4 vote extended principles the court laid out in 2008, when it struck down a handgun ban in Washington, D.C.
    (AP, 6/29/10)(http://news.yahoo.com/s/ynews/20100628/pl_ynews/ynews_pl2876)
2010        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court in Christian Legal Society vs. Martinez (08-1371) ruled that a public university is not required to subsidize student groups with discriminatory membership policies.
    (SFC, 6/29/10, p.A1)
2010        Jun 28, The FBI announced the arrests of 10 alleged deep cover Russian agents after tracking the suspects for years. They were accused of attempting to infiltrate US policymaking circles while posing as ordinary citizens. All 10 were charged with conspiracy to act as an agent of a foreign government without notifying the US attorney general. The offense carries a maximum penalty of five years in prison. An 11th person allegedly involved in the Russian spy ring was arrested the next day in Cyprus.
    (AP, 6/29/10)
2010        Jun 28, Chicago’s former police Cmdr. Jon Burge (b.1947) was convicted of lying about the torture of suspects and was sentenced to 4½ years in prison. In 2012 the City Council approved settlements totaling $7.17 million to resolved lawsuits by 2 men who alleged they were victims of police torture during the tenure of Burge.
    (SFC, 7/24/12, p.A4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Burge)
2010        Jun 28, Robert C. Byrd (b.1917), the longest serving member of the US Senate, died. The fiery orator and hard-charging power broker had steered billions of federal dollars to his beloved West Virginia.
    (AP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 28, In Afghanistan NATO said that a Taliban commander was among several armed people killed during a search operation in Kandahar, but residents claimed the troops killed eight innocent civilians, including two elderly men. In eastern Ghazni province, a minivan exploded when it struck a roadside bomb in Andar district. At least eight people were killed and two wounded in the blast. 4 Afghan National Police officers were killed by a roadside bomb in the Dularam district of Farah province.
    (AP, 6/28/10)(AP, 6/30/10)
2010        Jun 28, The British Home Office unveiled plans to limit the numbers coming to live and work in the country for the first time, cutting visas for skilled non-EU migrants by five percent.
    (AP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 28, Burundi began voting for a president. Incumbent Pres. Pierre Nkurunziza was the lone candidate.
    (AP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 28, In southwestern China a landslide caused by heavy rains trapped at least 107 people, and there was little hope for their survival.
    (AP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 28, In Cuba President Bashar Assad of Syria sat down with Raul Castro as part of his first tour of Latin America, a trip that is taking him to meetings with many of the region's left-leaning governments.
    (AP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 28, In Iraq attacks in Baghdad killed two women civilians and an intelligence officer, while two policemen died trying to defuse a bomb.
    (AFP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 28, Israel's internal security service said 7 Israeli Arabs inspired by al-Qaida have been indicted in the killing of an Israeli cab driver and other attacks on Jews and Christians.
    (AP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 28, In Indian Kashmir 2 separatist protesters were killed when security forces opened fire to disperse angry demonstrations.
    (AFP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 28, In Mexico gunmen ambushed campaign caravan of Rodolfo Torre (46) less than a week before he was expected to win the governor's race in Tamaulipas, a state torn by a turf battle between two rival drug cartels. Torre and 4 other people were killed: three of the candidate's bodyguards and a state lawmaker. In Guerrero state reported Juan Rodriguez Rios and his wife were shot dead inside an Internet café they operated in Coyuca de Benitez.
    (AP, 6/29/10)(SFC, 6/30/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 28, Four Pakistani soldiers were killed when Taliban militants ambushed an army patrol in the tribal district of Bajaur near the Afghan border. A truck carrying chemicals accidentally exploded in southern Pakistan after pressure built up in its storage tank, killing 18 people and wounding 40.
    (AFP, 6/28/10)(AP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 28, In central Gaza 2 dozen masked men vandalized a UN summer camp for children, burning and slashing tents, toys and a plastic swimming pool. It was the second such attack in just over a month.
    (AP, 6/28/10)
2010        Jun 28, Somali pirates hijacked the Singaporean-flagged Golden Blessing carrying a poisonous chemical used in antifreeze off the northern tip of Somalia and took the 19 Chinese sailors onboard hostage. A ransom was paid and the hostages were freed on Nov 6.
    (AP, 6/28/10)(http://allafrica.com/stories/201011081306.html)
2010        Jun 28, South African media said Mozambicans and Thais children (9-16) were discovered a week earlier by South African border police during an inspection at the Komatipoort crossing between South Africa and Mozambique.
    (AFP, 6/29/10)
2010        Jun 28, Sudan said will close its border crossings with Libya next month as it ramps up security on the frontier in response to banditry. Leaders from the Misseriya and Rizeigat groups signed a reconciliation deal in the West Darfur town of Zalingei, raising hopes for an end to fighting that has killed more than 200 people since March.
    (AFP, 6/29/10)(Reuters, 6/29/10)
2010        Jun 28, In Switzerland Alfred Donath (78), a Jewish activist who helped Holocaust victims and their heirs recover money from Swiss banks, died. Donath was the vice president of the Swiss Federation of Jewish Communities when Swiss banks reached an out-of-court settlement in 1998 to pay Holocaust victims and their heirs $1.25 billion. He led the organization from 2000 to 2008.
    (AP, 6/29/10)
2010        Jun 28, Pope Benedict XVI announced the creation of a new Vatican office to fight secularization and "re-evangelize" the West, a tacit acknowledgment that his attempts to reinvigorate Christianity in Europe haven't succeeded and need a new boost.
    (AP, 6/29/10)

2011        Jun 28, California lawmakers approved a budget package with $86 billion in general fund spending, ensuring that they will once again get paid.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 28, Two Kansas doctors filed a suit to stop the state from enforcing a new abortion licensing law due to take effect July 1.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 28, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christy signed legislation requiring government workers to pay more for health care and pensions.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A6)
2011        Jun 28, In Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed two women and injured a child who were walking in Panjwai district of Kandahar province. A NATO service member was killed in an insurgent attack. Heavily armed Taliban militants stormed a top Kabul hotel, sparking a ferocious battle involving Afghan commandos and a NATO helicopter gunship that left 20 people dead including nine attackers. The hotel was hosting delegates attending an Afghan security conference and a large wedding party when the insurgents struck late in the day.
    (AP, 6/28/11)(AFP, 6/29/11)(AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 28, British immigration officials arrested Arab-Israeli Islamist leader Sheikh Raed Saleh after he returned from an event in the central English city of Leicester.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, Colombia extradited Phanor Arizabaleta (73) to the US. He has been charged with drug trafficking by a court in Washington, DC. Arizabaleta was alleged to have been a key figure in the now-defunct Cali cartel. Colombia's Supreme Court also approved the extradition of Ramon Quintero Sanclemente (52) to face money laundering and drug charges in Florida.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, An Egyptian court ordered the dissolution of more than 1,750 municipal councils, seen as one of the last vestiges of Hosni Mubarak's rule. Security forces clashed with some 5,000 protesters in Cairo’s Tahrir Square. Protesters demanded that the country's military rulers speed up the prosecution of security officers responsible for February protester deaths.
    (AP, 6/28/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 28, French finance chief Christine Lagarde (55) was named as the first female head of the Int’l. Monetary Fund (IMF).
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.D4)
2011        Jun 28, Greek riot police fired tear gas at youths hurling rocks near the finance ministry in Athens. The clashes with police came at the start of a two-day strike called by unions furious that the new euro28 billion ($40 billion) austerity program will slap taxes on minimum wage earners and other struggling Greeks.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Kenya the aid group Save the Children said more than 800 Somali children arrive each day at overcrowded refugee camps in the northeast to escape a devastating drought in their war-ravaged country. They were among nearly 1,300 people who arrive each day at the Dadaab refugee camps.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Mexico Abraham Barrios Caporal (26), an alleged hit man accused of kidnapping bus passengers, killing them and burying them in mass graves in northern Mexico, was captured in Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz state, and acknowledged working for the Zetas drug cartel.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 28, Moldova officials said 6 people have been arrested for trying to sell an unspecified amount of uranium-235 to a North African country for $28.85 million.
    (SFC, 6/30/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 28, Nepal’s government said workers renovating the Hanuman Dhoka palace in Kathmandu, a UNESCO world heritage site, have discovered a huge stash of gold and silver ornaments weighing more than 300 kilograms (661 pounds).
    (AFP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, The Dutch parliament agreed with the Dutch Party for the Animals (pvdD) and passed a bill banning the slaughter of livestock without stunning it first, removing an exemption that has allowed Jews and Muslims to butcher animals according to centuries old dietary rules.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)(Econ, 12/21/13, p.80)
2011        Jun 28, In northeastern Nigeria lightning strikes in Gombe and Yobe states killed eight men, four women and three children.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Pakistan federal and provincial ministers from an influential political party in Sindh resigned after their Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) quit the government in protest. The move left the PPP with a slender majority in the national government.
    (AFP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, Pro-Palestinian activists, who plan to breach Israel's sea blockade of the Gaza Strip, said that they had increased security around their docked flotilla after an alleged act of sabotage on one of the vessels in a Greek port. Organizers said hostile divers had cut the propeller shaft of one of the flotilla’s 10 ships.
    (AP, 6/28/11)(SFC, 6/28/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 28, In Papua New Guinea the Somare family, led by his wife, Lady Veronica Somare, announced Michael Somare's retirement as Prime Minister and from politics. Somare was still hospitalized in intensive care at Raffles Hospital in Singapore at the time of his retirement, more than three months after he underwent heart surgery in April 2011.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Somare)(Econ, 8/6/11, p.35)
2011        Jun 28, Judicial authorities in Oman said 15 protesters have been sentenced to jail terms for taking part in violent demonstrations calling for more jobs and other reforms.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, Saudi police detained one woman while driving in Jiddah on the Red Sea coast. Four other women accused of driving were later detained in the city.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, Somali lawmakers overwhelmingly approved the appointment of a new, Harvard-educated prime minister. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali said that he would focus on combating the country's al-Qaida-linked militants who are trying to topple his fragile government.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, Sudanese leader Omar al-Bashir arrived in China for talks with President Hu Jintao.
    (AFP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Syria some 50,000 to 60,000 protesters marched through the eastern town of Deir Ezzor, where demonstrations have become a daily event. Author and activist Munzer Khaddam, who a day earlier presided over a public meeting of opposition figures in Damascus, was taken to task by pro-regime supporters.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, Tunisian police arrested about 30 people at a rally by Salafist Muslims demanding the release of comrades who ransacked a cinema that showed a film on secularism.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Uganda 18 students and a teacher died after lightning struck their school in the country's midwest. In the past few weeks, lightning strikes around the country have killed at least 34 people.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 28, The UN officially declared that the rinderpest disease has been wiped off the face of the Earth. The UN program to eradicate the animal disease began in 1945 and cost some $5 billion.
    (SFC, 6/28/11, p.A4)
2011        Jun 28, U.S. Virgin Islands Immigration and Customs Enforcement said officers have found 531 kg of cocaine, worth about $16 million, some marijuana and two pistols at a house on St. Thomas.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, The Vatican inaugurated its new information portal: www.news.va.
    (www.news.va/en/news/presentation-of-new-vatican-multimedia-portal)
2011        Jun 28, In Venezuela authorities arrested an operations chief of Rodeo II and a prison guard. Another 10 officials have also been arrested, including Ruben Jose Gonzalez Heredi, the deputy director of an adjacent prison. He was detained for allegedly facilitating arms and explosives and illegal drug trafficking.
    (AP, 6/28/11)
2011        Jun 28, In Yemen a roadside bomb killed an army colonel in Aden.
    (AP, 6/29/11)

2012        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court upheld Pres. Obama’s signature health care law's individual insurance mandate in a 5-4 decision. The mandate was upheld as a tax, with Chief Justice John Roberts, a Bush appointee, joining the liberal wing of the court to save the law.
    (SFC, 6/29/12, p.A1)
2012        Jun 28, The US Supreme Court ruled to toss the conviction of Xavier Alvarez, a former southern California politician, who lied about being a decorated military veteran. He had been charged under the 2006 Stolen Valor Act. The decision invalidated the law.
    (SFC, 7/2/12, p.A6)
2012        Jun 28, The US House of Representatives voted 255-67 to make Attorney General Eric Holder the first sitting attorney general to be held in contempt of Congress for withholding documents requested as part of an investigation into a botched gun-running operation.
    (SFC, 6/29/12, p.A10)
2012        Jun 28, In Arizona Michael Martin (53) collapsed and died in court after a jury convicted him of burning down his $3.5 million mansion. An autopsy report found that he had committed suicide by taking cyanide.
    (SFC, 6/29/12, p.A10)(SFC, 7/28/12, p.A6)
2012        Jun 28, Stockton, Ca., city officials filed for Chapter 9 protection, making Stockton the largest US city to vote itself into bankruptcy. The city council had voted to file for bankruptcy on June 26.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.A1)(SFC, 6/29/12, p.C8)
2012        Jun 28, In Colorado Springs a body was found in one of the estimated 346 burned homes. Two people were reported missing. The Waldo Canyon Fire was only 15% contained. Another fire in the north has destroyed 257 homes.
    (SFC, 6/29/12, p.A11)
2012        Jun 28, In North Carolina US Army battalion commander Lt .Col. Roy Tisdale was killed by fellow soldier Spc. Ricky Elder (27) in a shooting incident at Fort Bragg. The alleged gunman then shot himself and is in custody; a third soldier was slightly injured in the shooting. Elder, recently charged with larceny, died of his wounds on June 29.
    (AFP, 6/29/12)(SSFC, 7/1/12, p.A9)(SFC, 7/2/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 28, US scientists reported the development of a paint that can store and deliver electrical power just like a battery.
    (Reuters, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, An Algerian court sentenced Abdelmalek Droukdel, the leader of Al-Qaeda's north African branch (AQIM), and seven other Islamists to death for a series of murders and bombings, though most were tried in absentia. Mohamed Toumi, the only one present of those convicted, was found guilty of killing 5 soldiers in 1993, 14 police and 8 military police in 1994, and 8 more soldiers in 2006.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, Bangladesh officials said at least 106 people have been killed in landslides in the southeast after three days of rains triggered flash floods and severed transport links.
    (AP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, A British security official said 2 Muslim converts have been arrested in London on suspicion of terror offenses. It remained unclear whether the men were arrested as part of an alleged plot.
    (AP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, Cameroon and China signed a large infrastructure deal that will see Beijing lend the African country €368 million to build its first new motorway since independence in 1960.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, In Santiago, Chile, tens of thousands of students took to the streets to call for the end of public financing for private universities. Many students faced huge educational loan debts.
    (SFC, 6/29/12, p.A2)
2012        Jun 28, In Dubai Somali President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed and his counterpart Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo of Somaliland agreed to boost cooperation between their different factions. The two men signed the "Dubai Charter" in the presence of the leaders of Puntland and Galmudug, two self-proclaimed autonomous regions in Somalia.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, An Egyptian court jailed for 15 years each former oil minister Sameh Fahmi and fugitive businessman Hussein Salem for selling natural gas to Israel below market value. Five former high ranking officials from the oil and gas authority received jail sentences raging from three to 10 years on similar charges.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, Indian officials said at least 27 people have died and 900,000 others forced to leave their homes as monsoon rains swamped wide areas of northeastern Assam state.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, Surjeet Singh (69) was freed after spending 3 decades in a Pakistani prison for spying and walked across the border into India where he was met by family and hordes of reporters.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, In Iraq a car bomb exploded near a Shiite place of worship in Baquba, killing six people and wounding 51, while two people were killed and four wounded in another bombing. Bombings and shootings killed 22 people and wounded more than 50. The spike in violence made June Iraq's bloodiest month in almost a half a year.
    (AP, 6/28/12)(AFP, 6/29/12)
2012        Jun 28, In Kenya demonstrators in Nairobi left 49 mock coffins at the gates of parliament to bury 49 years of impunity, charging political rulers with corruption and calling for change ahead of elections due next year. Kenya has been mired in multiple corruption scandals since independence in 1963, but high level suspects have seldom faced justice.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, In Mali Islamists of the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) patrolled the streets of Gao and arrested civilians after dislodging Tuareg rebels from their positions in a day of bloody combat between the armed groups.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, Mongolians headed to the polls to elect a new parliament. The ruling Mongolian People's Party (MPP) and the main opposition Democratic Party have campaigned on platforms of ensuring a fairer distribution of wealth across the vast nation.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, In northeastern Nigeria militants armed with guns and explosives attacked a police station in Adamawa state's town of Gulak. The building was destroyed by the subsequent blaze.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, The North Korean government launched a new program: “On the Establishing of a New Economic Management System in Our Own Style." It reportedly allowed farmers to sell nearly one third of their harvests at market prices.
    (SFC, 9/13/12, p.A5)
2012        Jun 28, In Pakistan a powerful remote-controlled car bomb targeting a bus killed at least 11 people including nine Shiite pilgrims in the insurgency-torn southwest.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, In South Africa chimpanzees at the Jane Goodall Institute Chimpanzee Eden near Nelspruit pulled Andrew F. Oberle, an American graduate student working there, into their enclosure, bit him and dragged him nearly a half mile.
    (AP, 6/29/12)(AP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 28, Amnesty International said both South Sudan's army and rebel groups are using weapons imported from China, Ukraine and neighboring Sudan in fighting that has claimed dozens of civilian lives. Amnesty said the army was using Ukrainian-supplied T-72 battle tanks and that the rebel SSLA laid Chinese-made anti-vehicle mines and were firing Sudanese-made ammunition.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)
2012        Jun 28, In Syria a strong explosion rocked Damascus near a busy market and the country's highest court, wounding at least three people. Elsewhere activists reported clashes between troops and rebels. Opposition groups later reported that today’s death toll reached 190 in fighting across the country.
    (AP, 6/28/12)(AP, 6/29/12)(SFC, 6/30/12, p.A4)
2012        Jun 28, The United Nations declared that March 20 each year will be the International Day of Happiness.
    (AFP, 6/29/12)
2012        Jun 28, A Yemeni security official said government forces have arrested a cell of Al-Qaeda operatives suspected of carrying out a suicide bombing in Sanaa on May 21 that killed more than 100 troops. On July 2 the government said the arrests foiled 10 terrorist suicide bombings in Sanaa.
    (AFP, 6/28/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)
2012        Jun 28, The Yugoslav war crimes tribunal at The Hague acquitted former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic of one charge of genocide but upheld 10 other war crimes counts related to atrocities in Bosnia's bloody war.
    (AP, 6/28/12)

2013        Jun 28, Pres. Obama departed Senegal saying Washington had a "moral imperative" to help the world's poorest continent feed itself and he then left for South Africa hoping to see ailing Nelson Mandela.
    (AP, 6/28/13)
2013        Jun 28, Vice President Joe Biden asked Ecuador to turn down an asylum request from National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden.
    (AP, 6/29/13)
2013        Jun 28, The 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco lifted an injunction it had imposed in September, 2010, that had blocked a federal judge’s ruling, alowing same-sex marriages to resume for the first time since Prop. 8 prohibited them in November 2008.
    (SFC, 6/29/13, p.A1)
2013        Jun 28, It was reported that a pneumonia outbreak has killed at least 20 bighorn sheep on Old Dad Mountain in California’s Mohave National Preserve. Nevada numbered some 10,000 adult animals in at least 60 mountain ranges.
    (SFC, 6/28/13, p.D5)
2013        Jun 28, Ruport Murdoch’s News Corporation split into two parts: 21st Century Fox and News Corp.
    (Econ, 6/22/13, p.65)
2013        Jun 28,  BP, at an official ceremony in Baku, Azerbaijan, confirmed that a new pipeline to bring gas to Europe from the Caspian Sea will go through Greece and then under the sea to Italy, a defeat for a rival project to bring gas through Bulgaria and into Austria.
    (AP, 6/28/13)
2013        Jun 28, Human rights and aid groups said fighters in Central African Republic have destroyed dozens of villages since February, compounding a humanitarian crisis that affects the country's entire population of 4.6 million people.
    (AP, 6/28/13)
2013        Jun 28, In England the 3-day Glastonbury music festival opened. It featured acts on 58 stages across 900 acres.
    (SSFC, 6/30/13, p.A4)
2013        Jun 28,  In China a tense minority region in the far west erupted in violence for the second time in three days, barely hours after the government called the earlier unrest a "terrorist attack" and raised the death toll to 35.
    (AP, 6/28/13)
2013        Jun 28, In Egypt thousands of backers of Islamist President Morsi rallied in Cairo in a show of support ahead of planned opposition protests this weekend demanding his removal.
    (AP, 6/28/13)
2013        Jun 28, In western Iraq two bombs exploded near a checkpoint run by government-allied Sunni militiamen, killing at least 11 people in the village of Zangoura, just south of Ramadi.
    (AP, 6/28/13)
2013        Jun 28, Pakistan floated the concept of an Afghan power-sharing arrangement between Kabul and the Taliban as part of a peace talks "end game." The suggestion met with outrage in Kabul.
    (Reuters, 7/1/13)
2013        Jun 28, In South Sudan the government of the central Lakes state ordered the Good News Radio station to stop broadcasting for three days for "criticizing the government." Activists said the station had annoyed the government by questioning the official line on the death of a civilian in jail, among other critical reports.
    (Reuters, 7/3/13)
2013        Jun 28, Intense shelling by Syrian government troops on Karak village in eastern Daraa killed at least 8 women and girls overnight as forces loyal to President Bashar Assad pushed ahead with an offensive against rebels near the border with Jordan.
    (AP, 6/28/13)
2013        Jun 28, Vatican official Monsignor Nunzio Scarano and two others were arrested by Italian police for allegedly trying to illegally bring 20 million euros ($26 million) in cash into the country from Switzerland with a private jet.
    (AP, 6/28/13)(SFC, 6/29/13, p.A3)

2014        Jun 28, Chinese President Xi Jinping feted neighbors India and Myanmar, dusting off the 60th anniversary of a now rather obscure agreement signed in the early days of the Cold War to pledge a rising China's commitment to peace.
    (Reuters, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, China's Xinhua state news agency said more than 1,200 Chinese workers who were trapped in the embattled northern Iraqi city of Samarra have been evacuated to Baghdad.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, In Egypt two bombs exploded at a small telephone exchange on Cairo's outskirts, killing an 18-year-old woman.
    (Reuters, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, In India a dilapidated building collapsed in New Delhi leaving 11 people dead. An 11-story building under construction near Chennai collapsed, killing at least 60 people as rescuers searched for dozens of others feared trapped. Nearly 90 contract workers had been in the basement collecting wages. Over the next days 27 people were rescued from the wreckage.
    (AP, 6/28/14)(AP, 6/29/14)(AP, 7/1/14)(SFC, 7/1/14, p.A5)(AP, 7/3/14)
2014        Jun 28, In western India a blast triggered by a suspected gas leak in a ship being dismantled killed five workers and injured another seven at the Alang ship-breaking yard in Gujarat state.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, Indian authorities rushed food and drinking water to thousands of people marooned by monsoon rains and mudslides that left at least 11 dead in the remote northeast.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, Iraqi troops backed by helicopter gunships launched an operation aimed at dislodging Sunni militants from the northern city of Tikrit. The military also carried out three airstrikes on the insurgent held city of Mosul.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, In northeastern Nigeria an explosion overnight in a brothel in the city of Bauchi killed 11 people and wounded 28.
    (Reuters, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, In Pakistan Fayaz Aslam (26) burned alive a young girl he wanted to marry after her family refused his proposal. Aslam doused Sidra Shaukat (20) in gasoline before setting her alight in a field in Punjab province. The girl was taken to hospital where she died overnight. Aslam was arrested for murder.
    (AP, 6/29/14)
2014        Jun 28, Puerto Rico Gov. Alejandro Garcia Padilla signed a law establishing a de facto bankruptcy regime for state-owned enterprises.
    (Econ, 7/5/14, p.26)
2014        Jun 28, In Singapore some 26,000 gay rights activists gathered for the annual Pink Dot rally that came under unprecedented criticism from religious conservatives, with one influential Christian pastor calling on the government to ban the event.
    (AP, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, In Sudan North Darfur state Gov. Osman Kbir announced the death of Ali Karbino, a Darfur rebel leader, who experts said was responsible for some of the deadliest attacks against Sudanese forces.
    (AFP, 6/29/14)
2014        Jun 28, In Syria a car bomb exploded in a busy market in Douma, a rebel-held suburb of Damascus, killing at least 2 people and wounding dozens as Muslims went shopping a day before the start of their holy month of Ramadan. Islamist rebels waged a counter-offensive in the border town of Albu Kamal, challenging the grip of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
    (AP, 6/28/14)(Reuters, 6/28/14)
2014        Jun 28, In Syria the ISIL jihadist group publicly executed and crucified 9 men, eight of them rebels fighting both President Bashar al-Assad's regime and the jihadists in Deir Hafer, Aleppo province.
    (AFP, 6/29/14)
2014        Jun 28, In Taiwan Zhang Zhijun, China’s Taiwan Affairs Office Minister, canceled two events after protesters threw paint on his motorcade.
    (SSFC, 6/29/14, p.A6)
2014        Jun 28, In Ukraine pro-Russian insurgents released the last four OSCE observers held since their seizure in late May in Luhansk.
    (SSFC, 6/29/14, p.A8)
2014        Jun 28, In Yemen fierce clashes broke out between pro-government tribesmen and Shiite Huthi rebels near Sanaa, as President Abdrabuh Mansur Hadi vowed that authorities will not tolerate any violence.
    (AFP, 6/28/14)

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