Today in History - June 30

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1097        Jun 30, The Crusaders defeated the Turks at Dorylaeum.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1294        Jun 30, Jews were expelled from Bern, Switzerland.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1470        Jun 30, Charles VIII, King of France (1483-98), invaded Italy, was born.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1520        Jun 30, Montezuma II was murdered as Spanish conquistadors fled the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan during the night. Montezuma died from wounds inflicted by his people. Conquistadors under Cortez plundered gold from Aztecs.
    (HN, 6/30/01)(ON, 10/00, p.5)(MC, 6/30/02)

1548        Jun 30, Formerly Holy Roman (Catholic) Emperor Charles V ordered Catholics to become Lutherans.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1643        Jun 30, Battle at Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1685        Jun 30, John Gay, playwright, was born. He wrote the Beggars' Opera which attacked the court of George II,
    (HN, 6/30/99)
1685        Jun 30, Dominikus Zimmermann, German architect, painter (Liebfrauenkirche), was born.
    (MC, 6/30/02)
1685        Jun 30, Archibald Campbell (~55), Scottish politician, was beheaded.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1688        Jun 30, A jury proclaimed 7 English bishops not guilty of seditious libel against James II. They had refused to comply with his April 27 Declaration of Indulgence because it had not been approved by Parliament.
    (www.everything2.com/index.pl?node=Seven%20Bishops)

1755        Jun 30, Philippines closed all non-Catholic Chinese restaurants.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1768         Jun 30, Elizabeth Kortright, later Elizabeth Monroe, first lady to U.S. President James Monroe, was born.
    (HN, 6/30/01)

1815        Jun 30, US naval hero Stephen Decatur signed a treaty ending attacks by Algerian pirates. Commodores Stephen Decatur and William Bainbridge had conducted successful operations against the Barbary States of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli [See Aug 5].
    (WSJ, 10/9/01, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Barbary_War)

1857         Jun 30, Charles Dickens reads from "A Christmas Carol" at St. Martin's Hall in London--his first public reading. [see 1843]
    (HN, 6/30/01)

1859        Jun 30, French acrobat Blondin (born Jean Francois Gravelet) crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope as 5,000 spectators watched.
    (AP, 6/30/97)(HN, 6/30/98)

1861        Jun 30, CSS Sumter slipped past USS Brooklyn blockade.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1862        Jun 30, The Confederates failed to coordinate their attacks at the Battle of White Oak Swamp, allowing the Union forces to retreat to Malvern Hill in Virginia on Day 6 of the 7 Days-Battle. This battle in Virginia was alternately known as the battle of White Oak Swamp, Frayser’s Farm, Glendale, Charles City Cross Roads, Nelson’s Farm, New Market Cross Roads and Turkey Bend!
    (HN, 6/30/98)(HNQ, 3/5/01)(AM, 11/04, p.28)
1862        Jun 30, Julian Scott (16) sustained a hip injury during the Battle of White Oak Swamp. During his nine-month convalescence he developed a friendship with millionaire Henry Clark, who encouraged Scott to develop his artistic talent. After he obtained an honorable discharge from the army, Scott returned to the front to record the war through his art.
    (HNQ, 12/20/02)
1862        Jun 30, Gustave Flaubert completed "Salammbo."
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1863        Jun 30, Union and Confederate cavalries clashed at Hanover, Pennsylvania.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1864        Jun 30, Pres. Lincoln signed legislation creating America’s first national park. Congress gave to California the lands known as Yosemite with the understanding that the state would preserve them for public enjoyment.
    (SFEC, 10/18/98, p.T4)(SSFC, 6/22/14, p.P6)

1865        Jun 30, Eight alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln were found guilty after kangaroo court-martial and brutal treatment by military officers.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1870        Jun 30, Ada H. Kepley of Effingham, Ill., became America's first female law school graduate.
    (AP, 6/30/97)

1882        Jun 30, Charles Guiteau the assassin of President Garfield was hanged in a Washington jail.
    (HNPD, 9/19/98)

1893        Jun 30, Harold Laski, political scientist, was born. He believed the state was responsible for social reform and wrote "Authority in the Modern State" and "The American President."
    (HN, 6/30/99)
1893        Jun 30, Pres. Cleveland issued a proclamation calling for a special session of Congress on August 7 to deal with the financial crises.
    (ON, 10/99, p.11)
1893        Jun 30, Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) was discovered.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1894        Jun 30, Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian assassin (arch-duke Franz Ferdinand), was born.
    (MC, 6/30/02)
1894        Jun 30, Korea declared independence from China and asked for Japanese aid.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1896        Jun 30, W.S. Hadaway patented an electric stove.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1904        Jun 30, The San Francisco Chronicle reported that a property on Calhoun St. belonging to a Mrs. Burdett had been destroyed by blasting by quarrymen George and Harry Gray. Their blasting had erased a stretch of Calhoun St. and left a sheer precipice 125 feet high.
    (SFC, 2/22/14, p.C3)

1906        Jun 30, President Theodore Roosevelt signed into law the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act. The meat inspection act was inspired by Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle. The large meatpackers supported the law because it put inspection costs on the government and imposed costly regulations on smaller competitors.
    (HFA, '96, p.32)(WSJ, 3/8/06, p.A21)(AP, 6/29/06)

1908        Jun 30, An explosion near the Tunguska River in Siberia incinerated some 300 sq. km. that encircled the impact of an estimated 60 meter diameter stony meteorite. It flattened some 40,000 trees over 900 sq. miles and caused damage equivalent to a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb. The explosion in Siberia, which knocked down trees in a 30-mile radius and struck people unconscious some 40 miles away, is believed by some scientists to be caused by a falling fragment from a meteorite.
    (NH, 9/97, p.85)(SFC, 3/12/98, p.A15)(HN, 6/30/98)(Econ, 12/23/06, p.123)

1911         Jun 30, Czeslaw Milosz (d.2004), Polish poet and critic and Nobel winner, was born in Lithuania. In 2001 his Polish "Milosz’s ABC’s" was published in English.
    (SFC, 3/21/01, p.C1)(HN, 6/30/01)

1912        Jun 30, Belgian workers struck to demand universal suffrage.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1915        Jun 30, The Second Battle Artois ended as the French failed to take Vimy Ridge.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1917        Jun 30, Lena Horne, American singer, was born in Brooklyn, NYC. She later appeared in the films "Stormy Weather" and "Death of a Gunfighter."
    (HN, 6/30/99)(MC, 6/30/02)

1919         Jun 30, Susan Hayward, actress, was born.
    (HN, 6/30/01)
1919        Jun 30, John William Strutt (b.1842), 3rd Baron Rayleigh and British physicist and Nobel Prize winner (1904), died in England. His work included the discovery of the phenomenon now called Rayleigh scattering, explaining why the sky is blue.
    (www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1904/)

1921        Jun 30, President Harding nominated former President Taft chief justice of the United States, to succeed the late Edward Douglass White. Republican William Howard Taft (72), 27th president of the United States (1909-1913), served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1921 until illness forced him to resign in 1930.
    (WSJ, 3/11/98, p.A20)(AP, 6/30/08)

1922        Jun 30, Irish rebels in London assassinated Sir Henry Wilson, the British deputy for Northern Ireland.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1926         Jun 30, Paul Berg, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist, was born.
    (HN, 6/30/01)

1927        Jun 30, James Goldman, author, playwright (Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid), was born.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1930        Jun 30, France pulled its troops out of Germany’s Rhineland.
    (HN, 6/30/98)
1930        Jun 30, Lithuania held its 3rd national Song Festival with 200 choirs and 9000 singers to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the death of Vytautas the Great.
    (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GAbLnCvuM5E&feature=related)

1932         Jun 30, Mongo Beti, novelist and political writer, was born.
    (HN, 6/30/01)

1934        Jun 30, Harry Blackstone (d.5/14/1997), magician, was born in Three Rivers, Mich.
    (SFC, 5/15/97, p.A26)
1934        Jun 30, In San Francisco a group of men with sledgehammers and crowbars attacked the headquarters of the Western Worker, a Communist Party publication, near the Civic Center Plaza. They fled when men associated with the publication rushed out from a back room.
    (SSFC, 6/28/09, DB p.50)
1934        Jun 30, Adolf Hitler began his "blood purge" of political and military leaders in Germany. Among those killed was one-time Hitler ally Ernst Roehm (46), gay leader of the Nazi stormtroopers. Hitler personally confronted Rohm in a jail cell and left a single shot pistol in the cell. Ten minutes later, Rohm had killed himself. Hitler purged the Nazi Party by destroying the SA and bringing to power the SS in the "Night of the Long Knives." Also killed were Gregor Strasser (42), German pharmacist, Nazi leader and Karl Ernst, German SA-leader.
    (AP, 6/30/97)(HN, 6/30/98)(MC, 6/30/02)

1935        Jun 30, Fascists caused an uproar at the League of Nations when Haile Selassie of Ethiopia spoke. He also warned the League of Nations of the dangers of appeasement.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1936        Jun 30, The novel "Gone with the Wind" by Margaret Mitchell was published in New York.
    (AP, 6/30/97)
1936        Jun 30, The Walsh-Healey Act was passed by the US congress, guaranteeing all US federal workers an 8-hour day and a 40-hour work week.
    (www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/history/flsa1938.htm)
1936        Jun 30, Haile Selassie asked the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1939        Jun 30, Frank Sinatra made his first appearance with the Harry James' band.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1940        Jun 30, "Brenda Starr," a cartoon strip by Dale Messick, a woman, appeared in a Chicago Tribune insert. In Dec, 2010, Tribune Media Services announced that it was ending the feature’s newspaper syndication.
    (SFC, 12/10/10, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brenda_Starr_%28comic_strip%29)

1942        Jun 30, Col-gen Von Paulus' 6th Army stormed into the Ukraine.
    (MC, 6/30/02)

1943        Jun 30, Gen. MacArthur began his island-hopping Operation Cartwheel.
    (MC, 6/30/02)
1943        Jun 30, In Japan all stock exchanges were merged under the wartime conditions as the Japan Securities Exchange. This was dissolved after the war.
    (WSJ, 3/15/07, p.C1)

1944        Jun 30, A US B-24H bomber nicknamed "Miss Fortune," which was returning from a mission in Germany to its base in Italy, flew into bad weather with 3 others and were shot down by German gunners over western Hungary. The remains of Staff Sgt. Martin F. Troy, the tail gunner on the “Miss Fortune," were recovered in 2007.
    (AP, 8/11/07)

1948        Jun 30, Bell Labs introduced the point-contact transistor in the New York Times on p.46 as a replacement for the vacuum tube. Bell Labs had kept it secret for six months. John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley demonstrated their invention, the transistor, for the first time. John Pierce (d.2002) proposed the name. Transistors, much smaller than vacuum tubes, allowed the creation of smaller electronic devices and became a key component of the integrated circuit, which are found in everything from radios to computers to any of a number of automated systems. They were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for the invention in 1956. William Schockley, co-developer of the transistor, founded Schockley Semiconductor Laboratory in Palo Alto. Two of his hires, Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, later went on to start Intel Corp. Tim Jackson in 1998 published "Inside Intel." [see Dec 23, 1947]
    (SFE, 10/1/95, p.D-5)(SFEC, 8/17/97, BR p.4)(SFEC,12/14/97, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/13/98, p.A13)(HNQ, 12/23/99)(HN, 6/30/01)(SFC, 4/9/02, p.A18)

1950        Jun 30, President Harry Truman ordered U.S. troops into Korea and authorizes the draft. On that same day B-29 ‘Superfortresses’ bombed targets in North Korea.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1951        Jun 30, On orders from Washington, General Matthew Ridgeway broadcast that the United Nations was willing to discuss an armistice with North Korea. In 1950, as U.S. Marines tried to fight their way out of a Chinese trap, Korea suffered its worst winter of the century.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1952        Jun 30, "The Guiding Light," a popular radio program, made its debut as a television soap opera on CBS.
    (AP, 6/30/97)

1953        Jun 30, The first Corvette rolled off the Chevrolet assembly line in Flint, MI. The brainchild of designer Harvey J. Earl sold for $3,250. GM made 300 Corvettes in 1953 and moved production to St. Louis for 1954.
    (http://auto.howstuffworks.com/1953-corvette.htm)(WSJ, 7/12/02, p.W12)

1955        Jun 30, The "Johnny Carson Show," debuted on CBS-TV.
    (SFC, 1/24/05, p.A8)
1955        Jun 30, The U.S. began funding West Germany’s rearmament.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1956        Jun 30, A United DC-7 and a TWA Lockheed Constellation collided during a thunderstorm over the Grand Canyon (Arizona) killing all 128 people.
    (WSJ, 6/20/06, p.D3)(SFC, 6/30/09, p.D8)
1956        Jun 30, The Soviet Union recognized Laos.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1273)

1957        Jun 30, The American occupation headquarters in Japan was dissolved.
    (HN, 6/30/98)

1958        Jun 30, Esa-Pekka Salonen, conductor (Giro), was born in Helsinki, Finland.
    (MC, 6/30/02)
1958        Jun 30, Congress passed a law authorizing the admission of Alaska as the 49th state in the Union, the first new state since 1912. The Senate passed the Alaska statehood bill by a vote of 64-20.
    (HN, 6/30/98)(AP, 6/30/08)

1960         Jun 30, Alfred Hitchcock's film, "Psycho," opened.
    (HN, 6/30/01)
1960        Jun 30, US stopped sugar imports from Cuba.
    (MC, 6/30/02)
1960        Jun 30, Independence was granted to the Congo. A rebel movement freed the Belgian Congo from Belgium. In Zaire (Congo) Patrice Lumumba (1925-1961) became the first post-independence prime minister. He made Joseph Mobutu, a young military officer, his private secretary. Two months after he took power a sub-committee of the US National Security Council authorized the assassination of Lumumba.
    (SFC, 5/17/97, p.A14)(SFEM, 5/7/00, p.18)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrice_Lumumba)

1961        Jun 30, Lee de Forest (87), inventor of the 3-element vacuum tube (1906), died.
    (SSFC, 6/26/11, DB p.42)

1963        Jun 30, Cardinal Montini was crowned as Pope Paul VI, the 262nd head of the Roman Catholic Church.
    (AP, 6/30/97)(MC, 6/30/02)

1966        Jun 30, Betty Friedan (1921-2006) and 27 other women and men founded the National Organization for Woman and served as its 1st president (1966-1970). Catherine S. East (1916-1996) persuaded Betty Friedan to found NOW.
    (SFC, 8/20/96, p.A18)(Econ, 2/11/06, p.82)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betty_Friedan)

1968        Jun 30, The Lockheed C-5A Galaxy, a large US Air Force transport plane, made its first flight.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-5_Galaxy)

1971        Jun 30, The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Pentagon Papers. On the same day Pres. Nixon told Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman to break into the Brookings Institute and bring out files collected on the Vietnam War.
    (SFC, 6/10/96, p.A21)(SFC, 11/22/96, p.A4)(HN, 6/30/98)
1971        Jun 30, The 26th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified as Ohio became the 38th state to approve it. The amendment lowered the minimum voting age from 21 to 18. The amendment was authored by Senator Jennings Randolph (d.1998 at 96) of West Virginia.
    (AP, 6/30/97)(SFC, 5/9/98, p.A21)
1971        Jun 30, A Soviet space mission ended in tragedy when three cosmonauts (Georgi Dobrovolsky, Vladislav Volkov, and Viktor Patsayev) aboard Soyuz 11 were found dead inside their spacecraft after it returned to Earth.
    (AP, 6/30/97)(SFC, 10/2/07, p.A6)

1974        Jun 30, Alberta King (b.1903), mother of Martin Luther King Jr., was assassinated in Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia by Marcus Chenault, a twenty-one year old from Ohio who claimed that "all Christians are my enemies."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberta_Williams_King)

1977        Jun 30, President Jimmy Carter announced his opposition to the B-1 bomber.
    (HN, 6/30/98)
1977        Jun 30, SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization), the regional defense organization created to protect members from communist expansionism, formally ended. The organization had been created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty on Sep. 8, 1954, in response to events in Korea and Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos). It members were Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Pakistan withdrew in 1968 and France withdrew financial support. SEATO had one final exercise on Feb. 20, 1976, formally ending a little over a year later.
    (HNQ, 4/2/01)

1982        Jun 30, Federal Equal Rights Amendment failed with 3 states short of ratification.
    (www.now.org/issues/economic/cea/history.html)

1984        Jun 30, Lillian Hellman (b.1905), writer, died in Massachusetts. Her work included the play "The Little Foxes" (1939), and her memoirs "Scoundrel Time" (1976) and "Pentimento" (1973). The 1977 film "Julia" was based on a chapter from Pentimento which described Muriel Gardiner, an American medical student at the Univ. of Vienna active in anti-Nazi resistance. In 2005 Deborah Martinson authored “Lillian Hellman: A Life with Foxes and Scoundrels." In 2012 Alice Kessler-Harris authored “A Difficult Woman: The Challenging Life and Times of Lillian Hellman."
    (WSJ, 12/16/98, p.A21)(WSJ, 4/26/99, p.A16)(WSJ, 5/24/99, p.A28)(Econ, 12/17/05, p.82)(Econ, 4/14/12, p.91)
1984        Jun 30, Hedayat Eslaminia, a former government official under the Shah of Iran, disappeared while living in exile in Belmont, Ca. The family had reportedly fled Iran with a fortune in 1978. Hedayat (57) suffocated and died in a steamer trunk. His son Reza (26), a member of the "Billionaire Boys Club," was later charged with the abduction and murder. Reza was convicted and sentenced to life. In 1992 Joe Hunt, head of the club, was also tried for the killing of Eslaminia, but a hung jury forced a mistrial. In 1998 Rexa's conviction was overturned based on unfair evidence and a new trial was scheduled. Arben Dosti’s conviction was reversed in 1998. A new trial was scheduled for Oct. in San Mateo. In 2000 charges against Reza Eslaminia were dismissed.
    (SFC, 2/19/98, p.A14)(SFC, 4/30/98, p.A24)(SFC, 11/7/00, p.A15)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.A28)
1984        Jun 30, John Turner, Liberal Party, was sworn in as Canada's 17th prime minister, succeeding Pierre Elliott Trudeau.
    (CFA, '96, p.81)(AP, 6/30/04)

1985        Jun 30, 39 American hostages from a hijacked TWA jetliner were freed in Beirut after being held for 17 days.
    (AP, 6/30/97)
1985        Jun 30, James A. Dewar, creator of the Twinkie (1930), died.
    (www.foodreference.com/html/wjamesadewar.html)

1986        Jun 30, The Supreme Court, in Bowers v. Hardwick, ruled 5-4 that states could outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults. This upheld a Georgia law against sodomy. However, the nation's highest court effectively reversed this decision in 2003 in Lawrence v. Texas.
    (Econ, 4/3/04, p.87)(AP, 6/30/07)
1986        Jun 30, In Ohio a fire at the Columbus Grove apartment complex killed 2-year-old Cynthia Collins. Ken Richey (18) acknowledged he was intoxicated that night and did not remember everything that happened. He agreed to plead no contest to charges accusing him of leaving the toddler in harm's way by failing to baby-sit the child after telling her mother that he would. He was sentenced to the 21 years. In 2008 Richey returned to Scotland.
    (AP, 1/9/08)(http://truthinjustice.org/richey-reversed.htm)

1987        Jun 30, Canada introduced a one dollar coin that was soon nicknamed the Loonie.
    (WSJ, 11/6/97, p.A22)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loonie)
1987        Jun 30, The prosecutor at the trial of Klaus Barbie in Lyon, France, denounced the crimes of the former Nazi Gestapo official and demanded the maximum sentence of life in prison. Barbie died in 1991 at age 77.
    (AP, 6/30/97)

1988        Jun 30, Renegade Roman Catholic Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre consecrated four bishops in defiance of papal authority; the Vatican announced the excommunication of all five.
    (AP, 6/30/98)
1988        Jun 30, There was a surprising display of "glasnost" during a Soviet Communist Party conference as delegate Vladimir I. Melnikov bluntly criticized President Andrei A. Gromyko and other longtime Kremlin figures.
    (AP, 6/30/98)

1989        Jun 30, The NY State Legislature passed the Staten Island secession bill.
    (http://tinyurl.com/htf9r)
1989        Jun 30, Gen. Khin Nyunt, Myanmar’s prime minister and intelligence chief, brokered a ceasefire and autonomy deal with Sai Leun (Lin Mingxian), warlord of Mongla, who built the area into a gambling destination for Chinese tourists. The Kokang guerrillas, the main fighting force for the Burmese Communist Party, signed a cease-fire with the military government.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q8saxvf)(Econ, 1/29/05, p.41)(AP, 2/10/15)
1989        Jun 30, General Wojciech Jaruzelski announced he would not run for Poland's new presidency, saying the people viewed him as the man who imposed martial law.
    (AP, 6/29/99)
1989        Jun 30, In Sudan the elected coalition government was overthrown. Omar Hassan al-Bashir and Sheik Hassan al-Turabi, brother-in-law of Sadiq el-Mahdi, seized power. They imposed an Iranian style theocracy along with the strict Muslim Shariah law on the country including the Christian southern Sudan. The National Islamic Front (NIF), the political arm of the Muslim Brotherhood, backed the overthrow of a democratic government under PM Sadiq el-Mahdi and have ruled ever since. The Umma Party and the Democratic Union party established bases in Cairo and Eritrea and later allied with rebel groups that included the Southern People's Liberation Party.
    (SFC, 4/5/97, p.A12)(SFC, 2/20/98, p.A12)(SFC, 12/29/98, p.A6)(Econ, 2/18/12, p.50)

1990        Jun 30, Harken Energy reported a $23 million 2nd quarter loss.
    (SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A19)
1990        Jun 30, Mary Cobb (d.1998) allegedly witnessed Maurice Caldwell pump shotgun blasts into a car that resulted in one death and one serious injury at the Alemany Housing Project. The mother of 2 children later reported the killing to investigating police and identified Caldwell who was convicted and sentenced to 34 years in prison. Mary Cobb died of lupus as age 37. In 2010 a judge ordered the conviction of Caldwell set aside following a signed declaration by Maritte Funches that he and accomplice Henry Martin were responsible. In 2011 Caldwell was released after prosecutors learned that evidence in the case had been destroyed. In 2012 Caldwell filed a federal civil rights suit against San Francisco.
    (SFC, 12/17/10, p.A1)(SFC, 3/26/11, p.C1)
1990        Jun 30, African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela visited Oakland, California, a day after receiving a star-studded welcome in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 6/30/00)

1991        Jun 30, The federal base-closing commission voted to shut down 17 military bases, including the massive Philadelphia Navy Shipyard, in addition to seven facilities ordered closed two days earlier.
    (AP, 6/30/01)

1992        Jun 30, Planes loaded with food and medicine arrived at the airport in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, as part of an international relief effort.
    (AP, 6/30/97)
1992        Jun 30, Fidel Ramos was sworn in as the new president of the Philippines. Joseph Estrada was elected vice-president with twice as many votes in a separate race.
    (AP, 6/30/97)(SFEC,11/23/97, p.A25)

1993        Jun 30, Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy promised federal help for Midwestern farmers as he toured flood-damaged areas of Iowa, South Dakota and Wisconsin.
    (http://tinyurl.com/cayj3)
1993        Jun 30, Actor George "Spanky" McFarland of "Our Gang" and "Little Rascals" fame died in Grapevine, Texas, at age 64.
    (AP, 6/30/98)

1994        Jun 30, Pres. Clinton signed Public Law 103-270, the Independent Council Reauthorization Act.
    (WSJ, 1/29/98, p.A1)
1994        Jun 30, The US Supreme Court ruled that judges can bar even peaceful demonstrators from getting too close to abortion clinics.
    (AP, 6/29/99)
1994        Jun 30, The U.S. Figure Skating Association stripped Tonya Harding of the 1994 national championship and banned her from the organization for life for an attack on rival Nancy Kerrigan.
    (AP, 6/29/99)

1995        Jun 30, President Clinton, speaking in Chicago, proposed an even tighter ban on armor-piercing handgun ammunition known as "cop-killer" bullets.
    (AP, 6/30/00)
1995        Jun 30, In a Greensburg, Indiana, a mobile home fire killed the 3-year-old son of Kristine Bunch. She was arrested in 1996, accused of setting the fire and was sentenced to 60 years in prison. In 2012 she was released following 16 years behind bars for a murder she said all along she didn't commit. The Indiana Court of Appeals had ordered the local court to allow Bunch's release on bond while she awaits a second trial.
    (AFP, 8/23/12)(http://tinyurl.com/95nz9nz)
1995        Jun 30, Gale Gordon (89), comic actor, died in Escondido, California.
    (AP, 6/30/00)(www.radiohof.org/comedy/galegordon.html)
1995        Jun 30, In a stunning Kremlin purge, Russian President Boris Yeltsin fired three top security ministers for the botched handling of a bloody hostage-taking by Chechen rebels in southern Russia.
    (AP, 6/30/00)

1996        Jun 30, President Clinton paid tribute to the 19 killed and hundreds wounded in the truck bomb attack in Saudi Arabia as he attended memorial services at Eglin Air Force Base and Patrick Air Force Base in Florida.
    (AP, 6/30/97)
1996        Jun 30, Forbes Magazine ranked Bill Gates the richest man in the world with a fortune valued at $18 bil. Warren Buffet, Omaha investor came in second with $15.3 bil. Of the 447 billionaires counted by Forbes, 123 were Asian.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.A2)
1996        Jun 30, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic responded to international pressure to step aside by handing his powers to an equally nationalist deputy.
    (AP, 6/30/97)
1996        Jun 30, In Iceland Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, a left-wing career politician, claimed victory in presidential elections.
    (SFC, 6/30/96, B7)
1996        Jun 30, The Irish Republican Army confirmed that it had fired mortar bombs at a British army base in the German town of Osnabrueck.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.A10)
1996        Jun 30, In Turkey a young Kurdish rebel disguised as a pregnant woman blew herself up in the midst of a military ceremony and killed 9 soldiers.
    (SFC, 7/2/96, p.A12)
1996        Jun 30, In Sao Tome and Principe, a 2-island African nation, voters went 41% for incumbent Miguel Trovoada and 39% for former Marxist ruler Manuel Pinto da Costa. A runoff was scheduled for Jul 21.
    (SFC, 7/3/96, p.C3)

1997        Jun 30, In Hong Kong, the Union Jack was lowered for the last time over Government House as Britain prepared to hand the colony back to China after ruling it for 156 years. The 1st Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) became the last British unit to leave Hong Kong.
    (AP, 6/30/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_the_British_Army#1990-present)
1997        Jun 30, North Korea agreed to hold talks with South Korea in NYC beginning Aug 5.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A8)
1997        Jun 30, This day marked the deadline on passage of a new law that withdraws recognition of non-Orthodox conversions performed in Israel. Orthodox parties threatened to withdraw from the government if the law was not passed.
    (SFEC, 6/1/97, p.D1)

1998        Jun 30, A US fighter jet fired a missile at an Iraqi anti-aircraft site after the site’s radar locked on a British warplane.
    (SFC, 7/1/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 30, Officials confirmed that the remains of a Vietnam War serviceman buried in the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery were identified as those of Air Force pilot Michael J. Blassie.
    (AP, 6/29/99)
1998        Jun 30, Linda Tripp, whose tape-and-tell friendship with Monica Lewinsky spurred a White House crisis, spent six hours testifying before a grand jury in Washington.
    (AP, 6/29/99)
1998        Jun 30, A federal judge halted enforcement of a new Florida law that imposed 5-year prison terms on doctors who perform a type of late-term abortion.
    (SFC, 7/1/98, p.A3)
1998        Jun 30, Judge Joan Comparet-Cassani in Long Beach, Ca., ordered the activation of a stun belt (50,000 volts), fitted under the jail jumpsuit of defendant Ronnie Hawkins, for his repeated interruptions.
    (SFC, 7/10/98, p.A3)(SFC, 8/7/99, p.A17)
1998        Jun 30, In NYC some 20,000 construction workers rallied to protest the city’s use of a nonunion contractor.
    (SFC, 7/1/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 30, In Geneva AIDS specialists from SF reported a patient infected with a strain of HIV resistant to the new anti-viral drugs.
    (SFC, 7/1/98, p.A1)
1998        Jun 30, In Haiti Theodore Beaubrun, a leading comedian, died at age 79.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.C2)
1998        Jun 30, In Malaysia the new Kuala Lumpur Int’l. Airport (KLIA) began operations.
    (SFEC, 7/5/98, p.T3)(Econ, 2/7/09, p.35)
1998        Jun 30, Serbian forces recaptured the Kosovo coal mine at Belacevac.
    (SFC, 7/1/98, p.A8)
1998        Jun 30, In the Philippines Joseph Estrada took his oath of office as the nation’s 13th president.
    (SFC, 6/30/98, p.A10)

1999        Jun 30, Farrah Slad of Brainerd, Minn., (21) won the $150 million Powerball lottery. She chose to receive a lump sum of $50.4 million after taxes.
    (SFC, 7/2/99, p.A3)   
1999        Jun 30, The US Federal Reserve raised interest rates for the first time in two years, boosting the target for the funds rate a quarter-point to five percent.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.A1)(AP, 6/30/00)
1999        Jun 30, On the day the independent counsel law expired, Kenneth Starr wrapped up the Whitewater phase of his investigation as presidential friend Webster Hubbell pleaded guilty to a felony and a misdemeanor.
    (AP, 6/30/00)
1999        Jun 30, In Bulgaria finance minister Muravei Radev announced that 40% of state assets would be sold and dozens of companies closed.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.A15)
1999        Jun 30, In Canada the highest court in BC upheld a ruling that Canada's law against the possession of child pornography is unconstitutional.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.a14)
1999        Jun 30, In Germany Turkish businesses in at least 9 cities were hit by firebombs following the conviction of Kurdish leader Ocalan.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.A12)
1999        Jun 30, Peace talks in Northern Ireland, set for a midnight deadline by British PM Tony Blair, were extended in an attempt to reach an accord.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.A12)
1999        Jun 30, In Israel the ultra-Orthodox Shas Party joined the coalition of Ehud Barak. 69 deputies from 6 parties gave him a majority in the 120-member Knesset.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.A12)
1999        Jun 30, In Sierra Leone the rebel movement accepted a government offer of power-sharing and a peace accord.
    (SFC, 7/1/99, p.A14)
1999        Jun 30, In South Korea a fire swept through the summer camp dormitory of the Sealand Youth Training Center in Hwasung and 23 young children were killed. It was later revealed that the owner of the facility had bribed local officials for licenses despite gross violations of fire and safety rules.
    (SFC, 6/30/99, p.A9)(SFC, 7/7/99, p.C12)

2000        Jun 30, Pres. Clinton signed legislation for "digital signatures."
    (WSJ, 7/3/00, p.A1)
2000        Jun 30, An Arkansas Supreme Court committee sued President Clinton to strip him of his law license. Clinton later agreed to pay a fine and give up his law license for five years.
    (AP, 6/30/01)
2000        Jun 30, In Canada a bill that erased virtually all legal distinctions between heterosexual marriages and same-sex unions went into effect.
    (SFC, 7/3/00, p.A12)
2000        Jun 30, In Chechnya Russian Gen. Gennady Troshev said that a 5-day firefight at Serzhen-Yurt was over and that over 100 rebels were killed.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A13)
2000        Jun 30, In Denmark 9 people were crushed to death at the Roskilde rock festival during a Pearl Jam concert.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A12)(AP, 6/30/01)
2000        Jun 30, North and South Korea signed an agreement to allow 100 people each to reunite with families across their border beginning Aug 15.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A12)
2000        Jun 30, In Russia the lower house voted to give pres. Putin the right to fire any of the nation’s 89 governors for cause.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A13)
2000        Jun 30, In the Solomon Islands Mannasseh Sogavare replaced Bartholomew Ulufa’alu as prime minister.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A13)
2000        Jun 30, In Sri Lanka the Supreme Court threw out the government’s news censorship system.
    (SFC, 7/1/00, p.A13)

2001        Jun 30, Pres. Bush met with Japan’s PM Koizumi at Camp David and endorsed his plan for economic reform. They agreed on alternative ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions since Bush rejected the Kyoto global warming treaty.
    (WSJ, 7/2/01, p.A8)(SSFC, 7/1/01, p.A12)
2001        Jun 30, Doctors implanted a dual-purpose pacemaker in Vice President Dick Cheney's chest.
    (AP, 6/30/02)
2001        Jun 30, NASA launched its 16-foot, 1,800-pound Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) to orbit the Sun and to scan the universe for the faint afterglow of Creation by measuring variations in radiation temperature of up to 20 millionths of a degree. In 2003 it allowed scientists to calculate the age of the universe at 13.7 billion years.
    (WSJ, 6/28/01, p.A16)(AP, 6/30/02)(SFC, 2/12/03, p.A4)
2001        Jun 30, Chet Atkins (77), a guitarist who helped create the Nashville sound, died in Nashville, Tenn.
    (WSJ, 7/2/01, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/1/01, p.A25)
2001        Jun 30, Joe Henderson (64), tenor saxophonist, died in SF. His work included 27 albums and CDs.
    (SSFC, 7/1/01, p.A20)
2001        Jun 30, In Northern Ireland David Trimble, Ulster Unionist leader, resigned as the 1st minister of the joint Catholic-Protestant government.
    (SSFC, 7/1/01, p.A13)
2001        Jun 30, It was reported that some 50,000 people had been driven from their homes in central Nigeria during 2 weeks of ethnic violence in which as many as 200 people died in Nassarawa state.
    (SFC, 6/30/01, p.A10)

2002        Jun 30, The United States vetoed a resolution extending the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Bosnia, then agreed to keep the mission alive three more days while the Security Council seeks a way to meet U.S. demands for immunity from a new global war crimes court. 
    (Reuters, 6/30/02)(SFC, 7/1/02, p.A3)
2002        Jun 30, The US first-class postal rate increased 3 cents to 37 cents.
    (SFC, 6/27/02, p.A5)
2002        Jun 30, Leonard Gregg, a part-time firefighter, was charged with starting one of the two wildfires that merged into a monstrous blaze in eastern Arizona. Gregg faced trial on federal charges. Gregg later pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (AP, 6/30/07)
2002        Jun 30, A US prisoner head count showed 1,355,748 federal prisoners and 665,475 local inmates. This amounted to 1 in every 142 US residents.
    (SFC, 4/7/03, p.A3)
2002        Jun 30, Bolivians voted for president and Congress following a campaign in which some candidates urged radically changing the political system and overturning the free-market economy. The economy was sliding and crime so rampant it had provoked lynchings. Many Bolivian voters turned away from traditional candidates in elections for president and Congress, picking a fragmented group that some analysts said could leave the country more unstable. Evo Morales (42), an Aymara Indian of the Movement Toward Socialism party, won 21% of the vote and a seat in Congress. Voters elected 36 Indians to the lower house of 130 seats and 10 Indians to the 27-seat Senate.
    (AP, 6/30/02)(AP, 7/1/02)(SFC, 7/6/02, p.A8)(SFC, 7/12/02, p.A10)
2002        Jun 30, Ronaldo, the world's greatest goal-scorer, capitalized on an error by the best goalkeeper, Oliver Kahn, then scored again to lift Brazil to an unprecedented fifth World Cup title Sunday night, 2-0 over Germany.
    (AP, 6/30/02)
2002        Jun 30, Cameroon held parliamentary and municipal elections, one week after voting was called off because of a lack of ballot papers.
    (AP, 6/30/02)
2002        Jun 30, The ruling party of Guinea's president hoped to win big in long-delayed legislative elections, but most opposition parties boycotted the ballot.
    (AP, 6/30/02)
2002        Jun 30, An Israeli tank shelled a house in Nablus and killed Mohammed Tahir, a local Hamas leader and bombmaker, along with an aide.
    (SFC, 7/1/02, p.A3)
2002        Jun 30, In Bishkek, Kyrgyz, police reported that a Chinese diplomat was shot and killed by unknown gunmen in an apparent gangland dispute.
    (AP, 6/30/02)

2003        Jun 30, Buddy Hackett (78), comedian and film actor born as Leonard Hacker, died in Malibu, Ca. His films included "The Music Man" (1962).
    (SFC, 7/1/03, p.A2)(SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E9)(AP, 6/30/08)
2003        Jun 30, In Algeria a military plane slammed into a house west of the capital, killing at least 12 people, including women and children on the ground.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, In Chechnya armed thieves opened fire on a crowd of Chechen villagers as they were collecting unemployment benefits, killing four and wounding at least eight.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, American troops detained the U.S.-appointed mayor of Najaf, Iraq, accusing him of kidnapping and corruption.
    (AP, 6/30/04)
2003        Jun 30, In Iraq 10 people died in a masque blast in Fallujah. US military later said the blast was due to an accident during a "bomb manufacturing class." US ground commanders said there was no evidence of a bomb factory and residents blamed a US war plane.
    (WSJ, 7/2/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/2/03, p.A14)(SFC, 7/3/03, p.A10)(SFC, 7/4/03, p.A17)
2003        Jun 30, Israeli and Palestinian commanders shook hands, bulldozers dismantled checkpoints and Palestinian traffic flowed freely in the Gaza Strip. A Palestinian shooting killed a Romanian truck driver in the West Bank.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, Ivory Coast Rebels announced that they were suspending participation in the power-sharing government, accusing the government of violating an agreement ending nine months of civil war.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, A Laotian court sentenced two European journalists and an American pastor to 15 years in jail for the slaying of a village security official. They were released Jul 9.
    (AP, 6/30/03)(AP, 7/9/03)
2003        Jun 30, In Nigeria a general strike called to protest massive fuel-price increases paralyzed the major cities. Police fired tear gas to break up mobs of banner-waving workers and roving armed gangs.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, Pakistan's new ambassador to India arrived to take up his post, saying his country was ready to restore normal ties with its nuclear rival after a gap of 18 months.
    (AP, 6/30/03)
2003        Jun 30, Beatriz Merino (55), Peru's first female PM debuted, pledging to bring discipline and austerity to the beleaguered government amid hopes her appointment will help salvage Alejandro Toledo's presidency.
    (AP, 7/1/03)
2003        Jun 30, In Moscow an investigation of 700 police officers of the criminal Investigation Dept. began as "Operation Werewolves" continued into a 2nd week.
    (SFC, 7/3/03, p.A14)
2003        Jun 30, Foreign ministers from 16 South Pacific nations endorsed a plan to send more than 2,000 troops and police to impose civil order in the Solomon Islands. The military component of the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) ended in 2013.
    (AP, 7/3/03)(Econ, 7/20/13, p.39)

2004        Jun 30, The US Federal Reserve raised interest rates by a quarter point.
    (SFC, 7/1/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 30, A federal appeals court approved an antitrust settlement Microsoft had negotiated with the Justice Department.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2004        Jun 30, The Cassini probe entered Saturn’s orbit for 4 years of explorations. Its 4-year mission included a close approach to Saturn’s 3rd moon Iapetus.
    (Econ, 4/24/04, p.83)(WSJ, 7/1/04, p.A1)
2004        Jun 30, The Iraqis took legal custody of Saddam Hussein and 11 of his top lieutenants, a first step toward the ousted dictator's expected trial for crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2004        Jun 30, From Nigeria it was reported that Alhaji Dokubo-Asari head of an ethnically diverse mix of fighters who chiefly worship Egbesu, the traditional god of war for ethnic Ijaw, was trying to wrest the oil-rich Niger Delta away from multinational oil giants and the government, and put it into the hands of "the people."
    (AP, 7/1/04)

2005        Jun 30, Pres. Bush, in advance of the G-8 summit, announced a $1.7 billion aid package for Africa and promised to double total assistance by 2010.
    (SFC, 7/1/05, p.A15)
2005        Jun 30, The US Federal Reserve raised interest rates by a quarter point. It marked the 9th increase since tightening began in 2004.
    (SFC, 7/1/04, p.A1)
2005        Jun 30, Time editor Norman Pearlstein agreed to hand over notes relating to the CIA-leak probe. The next day Lawrence O’Donnell broke the story that the e-mails that Time turned over to the prosecutor that day reveal that Karl Rove is the source Matt Cooper is protecting.  [see Jul 14, 2003, Sep 29, 2003]
    (WSJ, 7/1/05, p.A1)(http://tinyurl.com/83v7r)(SSFC, 7/3/05, p.A8)
2005        Jun 30, Bank of America Corp. said it will acquire MBNA Corp. in a $35 billion cash and stock deal that will result in 6,000 jobs cuts but transform the nation's third-largest bank into one of the world's largest credit card issuers.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Viacom launched Logo, a gay oriented TV show.
    (SFC, 6/30/05, p.E1)(Econ, 7/2/05, p.59)
2005        Jun 30, A 2-year, 11-nation investigation, called Operation Site Down, culminated with arrests and the shut down of 8 major pirated film and software distribution servers. Over 120 cyber pirates were identified.
    (SFC, 7/1/05, p.B1)
2005        Jun 30, At El Cahon, Ca., 5 illegal immigrants were killed and six others injured when their van collided with a pickup truck shortly after it sped around a border checkpoint.
    (AP, 7/1/05)
2005        Jun 30, In Australia a clinical audit of cases handled by surgeon Dr. Jayant Patel nicknamed "Dr. Death" by his former colleagues, has found he contributed to eight patient deaths during his two years at a Queensland hospital, far fewer than earlier reported.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Storms lashed Australia's east coast in a violent end to one of the country's worst droughts on record.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, The income of Prince Charles, heir to the British throne, rose by 11% in 2004 to more than $23 million, according to an annual financial report released by his household.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Christopher Fry, English playwright, died at age 97. Fry was England’s last successful playwright to write in verse. His work included “Look Back in Anger" (1956).
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.83)
2005        Jun 30, A Cambodia doctor reported that 2 infants have died in Cambodia from influenza, part of an outbreak that has hospitalized more than 1,000 children. He said the illness appears to be a form of human flu, not the avian influenza.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Chinese President Hu Jintao visited Russia and is expected to bolster ties with Beijing's former rival in hopes of quadrupling their trade turnover to up to $80 billion a year by 2010.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, China overtook Japan as the world’s largest holder of foreign exchange reserves. The combined China and Hong Kong reserves stood at $833 billion.
    (Econ, 9/17/05, p.80)
2005        Jun 30, The EU and China plunged into a 2nd trade row, this time over shoes, but Brussels said a deal was still possible over Beijing's surging footwear exports.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, In Kinshasa riot police fired tear gas and beat demonstrators with batons as thousands protested delays to Congo's first postwar presidential elections. At least six died in violence nationwide.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, The Muslim Brotherhood, Egypt's largest Islamic group, launched an alliance devoted to the peaceful removal of President Hosni Mubarak, who has been in power since 1981. Several other opposition groups promptly lent their support to what the Brotherhood has called an alliance intended "to exercise peaceful pressure on the regime, through legal and constitutional means, to make it respond to democratic change."
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, In Honduras Central American leaders agreed to create a regional special forces unit to fight drug trafficking, gang violence and terrorism within their borders. The 2-day regional meeting included the presidents of Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama.
    (AP, 6/30/05)(SFC, 7/1/05, p.A14)
2005        Jun 30, The Israeli military isolated the Gaza Strip, declaring it a "closed military zone" to prevent Jewish extremists from going in.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, An ultra-Orthodox Jew stabbed and wounded two marchers in the annual Jerusalem Gay Pride parade.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Pres. Fox signed a bill allowing millions of Mexicans living abroad to vote by mail in next year's presidential election.
    (AP, 7/1/05)
2005        Jun 30, Justice Minister Yuri Chaika said that Russia was seeking to have assets of the beleaguered Yukos oil company seized overseas and had asked Netherlands and Lithuania for help.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Spain’s Parliament voted 187-147 to legalize gay marriages, defying conservatives and clergy making Spain the 3rd country to allow same-sex unions nationwide.
    (AP, 6/30/05)(WSJ, 7/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 30, Sudan announced the imminent end of a 16-year state of emergency across most of the giant country and began releasing political prisoners, including the leading Islamic opposition figure.
    (AP, 6/30/05)(WSJ, 7/1/05, p.A1)
2005        Jun 30, The UN panel overseeing compensation for victims of Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait approved its final claims, bringing the total award to $52.5 billion.
    (AP, 6/30/05)
2005        Jun 30, Zimbabwe police targeted an illegal settlement west of Harare in the government's six-week demolition and resettlement campaign, and as many as three people were reported dead. 2 women, one of them pregnant, died when they fell off the back of trucks ferrying them to a "transit camp" where thousands of displaced people are living in tents. A 4-year-old boy was run over by a truck
    (AP, 7/1/05)

2006        Jun 30, A US free-trade agreement with Guatemala took effect.
    (SFC, 7/1/06, p.A3)
2006        Jun 30, US prosecutors asked a federal judge to force former Enron chief executives Ken Lay and Jeffrey Skilling to forfeit $183 million for their crimes at the collapsed energy company.
    (Reuters, 6/30/06)
2006        Jun 30, The US Defense Dept. granted the Navy an exemption to use sonar during maritime exercises off both coasts for the next 6 months. This sidestepped a lawsuit that sought to protect whales near Hawaii from the noise.
    (SFC, 7/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 30, Former NYC Police Commissioner Bernard Kerik, whose Homeland Security nomination was withdrawn because of ethics questions, pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges of accepting $165,000 in improper gifts while serving as a top city official.
    (Reuters, 6/30/06)(WSJ, 7/1/06, p.A1)
2006        Jun 30, Ralph’s Grocery Co. agreed to pay $70 million in restitution and fines as part of a plea agreement involving charges of hiring hundreds of workers under fake names during a 2003 strike and lockout in Southern California.
    (SFC, 7/1/06, p.C1)
2006        Jun 30, The US FDA gave Genentech approval to market Lucentis, a drug to restore sight to people suffering from the wet form of age-related macular degeneration.
    (SFC, 7/1/06, p.C1)
2006        Jun 30, In eastern Afghanistan Coalition soldiers tracked a group of militants to a safe house and killed 14 in an attack on the compound. Afghan and coalition forces also raided a village in the southern Afghan province of Kandahar, killing one suspected militant and detaining eight others.
    (AP, 6/30/06)
2006        Jun 30, China's ruling party must stamp out the rampant corruption that led to the convictions of thousands of officials last year, President Hu Jintao said as the Communist Party commemorated the 85th anniversary of its founding.
    (AP, 6/30/06)
2006        Jun 30, Campaigning began for Congo's first multiparty elections in more than 4 decades. Troops fired into a crowd and killed 12 protesters in retaliation for the death of a soldier in Matadi.
    (AP, 6/30/06)(Econ, 7/8/06, p.41)
2006        Jun 30, Cuban librarians criticized attempts by the Miami-Dade County school board to ban a children's book that presents a positive depiction of life on the communist-run island.
    (AP, 7/1/06)
2006        Jun 30, PM Manmohan Singh promised his government will do all it can to help farmers in India's main cotton belt where crippling debts and falling prices have pushed many to suicide.
    (AFP, 6/30/06)
2006        Jun 30, The US military said 5 US Army soldiers are being investigated for allegedly raping a young woman, then killing her and three members of her family in Mahmoudiya. The soldiers also allegedly burned the body of the woman they are accused of raping. Police found three bodies that had been bound and shot in different areas Baghdad. A Marine was killed in fighting in the volatile Anbar province west of Baghdad. On Nov 15 Spc. James P. Barker (23) pleaded guilty and agreed to testify against other soldiers. The deal called for Barker to serve 90 years in prison, but he would be eligible for parole in 20 years.
    (AP, 6/30/06)(SFC, 11/17/06, p.A19)
2006        Jun 30, A tired-sounding Osama bin Laden praised slain Iraq insurgent Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in an audiotape.
    (AP, 6/30/07)
2006        Jun 30, An Israeli airstrike hit a car driving down a main road in Gaza City, and two people were injured.
    (AP, 6/30/06)
2006        Jun 30, At least eight suspected Islamic militants trying to cross into India's portion of disputed Kashmir from the Pakistani side were killed during a gunbattle. Federal security forces shot dead music composer Inayatullah Bhat (31) near his home in Srinagar. The next day at least two dozen people were hurt as thousands of protesters hurled bricks and stones in a violent demonstration over his killing.
    (AP, 6/30/06)(AFP, 7/1/06)
2006        Jun 30, Pierluigi Bersani, Italian minister for economic development, rushed a decree through cabinet abolishing some of the more abstruse regulations in the services industry that throttled economic activity. This sparked wildcat protests by taxi drivers. The taxi strikes ended July 17 following concessions from the government.
    (Econ, 7/8/06, p.59)(SSFC, 7/23/06, p.G2)
2006        Jun 30, Former Mexican President Luis Echeverria was placed under house arrest on genocide charges stemming from a 1968 student massacre, an unprecedented move coming just two days before the country elects a new president. Authorities found two more human heads in front of a government office in Acapulco, accompanied with threatening messages linked to the drug trade.
    (AP, 7/1/06)
2006        Jun 30, The Dutch PM Jan Peter Balkenende and his Cabinet resigned after a split in its ranks over the citizenship case of Ayaan Hirsi Ali, a prominent Somali-born critic of Islam.
    (AP, 6/30/07)
2006        Jun 30, Russia offered a $10 million reward for information on the killers of five Russian Embassy staff workers in Iraq.
    (AP, 6/30/06)
2006        Jun 30, Three Darfur rebel groups, that have refused to sign up to an African Union-mediated peace deal for the troubled western Sudanese region, formed a new alliance to fight Khartoum. Officials from the groups created the National Redemption Front (NRF) after talks in the Eritrean capital and reaffirmed their opposition to the Abuja peace agreement.
    (AFP, 6/30/06)
2006        Jun 30, The Vatican said it will release from its secret archives years of files on Pope Pius XI, whose pontificate spanned most of the period between the world wars.
    (AP, 6/30/06)
2006        Jun 30, The UN Security Council voted unanimously to conclude its peacekeeping mission in Burundi on Dec. 31 and replace it with a UN office to help promote development and democracy in the central African nation.
    (AP, 6/30/06)
2006        Jun 30, The UN General Assembly lifted a $950 million budget spending cap over objections from the US, which wanted to keep the lid to press for management reforms.
    (AP, 7/1/06)

2007        Jun 30, BCE Inc, Canada's largest telecommunications group, agreed to a C$51.7 billion ($48.5 billion) offer from a group including the Ontario Teachers Pension Plan, in what the purchasers said was the largest buyout in Canadian corporate history.
    (Reuters, 6/30/07)
2007        Jun 30, East Timor parliamentary elections got under way. The ruling Fretilin party narrowly defeated its rivals in elections, prompting the President Jose Ramos-Horta to call for a national unity coalition to avoid a collapse of the government.
    (AP, 6/30/07)(AP, 7/5/07)
2007        Jun 30, American soldiers rolled into Baghdad's Shiite Sadr City slum in search of Iranian-linked militants and as many as 26 Iraqis were killed. Iraqi officials said the death toll was much lower. Residents, police and hospital officials said eight civilians were killed in their homes. In Muqdadiyah a suicide bomber blew himself up near a crowd of police recruits, killing at least 23 people and wounding 17. Fighting near the Sunni city of Ramadi left 23 insurgents dead.
    (AP, 6/30/07)(SSFC, 7/1/07, p.A16)(AP, 7/2/07)
2007        Jun 30, An Israeli air strike killed 3 Palestinian militants in Gaza, including an Islamic Jihad commander long sought by Israel for involvement in rocket shootings at the Jewish state.
    (AP, 6/30/07)
2007        Jun 30, Voting in general elections began in Papua New Guinea and was scheduled to continue to July 10. An average of 25 candidates stood for each of 109 seats. Bad weather pushed completion to mid July. The population numbered about 6 million.
    (Econ, 7/7/07, p.42)(Econ, 7/21/07, p.44)
2007        Jun 30, In Scotland a four-wheel-drive Jeep rammed into the main terminal at Glasgow airport and exploded in flames; the attack came a day after two cars rigged as bombs were found in London. Police arrested two men for the attack, one of them under guard in the hospital after being engulfed in flames when the Jeep crashed into the airport. The driver was later identified as Kafeel Ahmed (28), an Indian aeronautical engineer.
    (Reuters, 6/30/07)(AP, 7/1/07)(SFC, 7/9/07, p.A8)(AP, 6/30/08)
2007        Jun 30, Gunmen shot dead two civilians in Sri Lanka's northern Jaffna peninsula, as the government and Tamil Tigers blamed each other for the latest in a string of such killings.
    (AFP, 7/1/07)
2007        Jun 30, Venezuela’s Pres. Chavez arrived in Iran for a two-day visit.
    (AP, 7/1/07)

2008        Jun 30, President Bush signed legislation to pay for the war operations in Iraq and Afghanistan for the rest of his presidency and beyond, hailing the $162 billion plan as a rare product of bipartisan cooperation.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, Missouri Gov. Mat Blunt signed a bill outlawing cyberbullying. The bill updated state laws against harassment by removing the requirement that the communication be written or made over the telephone. This was in response to the suicide of Megan Meier (13) on October 17, 2006.
    (SFC, 7/1/08, p.A5)
2008        Jun 30, Crude oil futures hit a record intraday high of $143.67 before closing at $140.
    (WSJ, 7/1/08, p.C16)
2008        Jun 30, In Afghanistan 4 civilians were killed and two police were wounded in three roadside bomb blasts in the Zurmat district of eastern Paktia province. Militants attacked the government office in the town of Azra, Logar province, killing a civilian employee and wounding 3 police. US-led helicopters and bombers killed 33 insurgents in eastern Khost province, while NATO soldiers in the same area cooperated with Pakistani troops across the frontier to kill several more rebels. Gunmen dragged three pro-Karzai tribal elders from their car and shot them dead in Paktika province. A policeman was killed in a separate but similar incident in the same area.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)(AP, 6/30/08)(AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 30, In Hay, Australia, John Walsh (69) was arrested hours after hacking his two grandchildren and wife to death with an ax and badly wounding his daughter in Cowra.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, In Chile Judge Alejandro Solis said he sentenced retired Gen. Manuel Contreras to two consecutive life prison terms for the killing of retired army chief Carlos Prats and his wife, who died when a bomb blew their car in Argentina in 1974. Contreras was already in prison serving sentences of more than 70 years for other crimes committed under Pinochet's rule.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, In Egypt African Union Commission chief Jean Ping told African leaders at a summit that Africa must assume its responsibility in crisis-riven Zimbabwe.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, A French court ordered online auctioneer eBay to pay nearly 40 million euros in damages to Louis Vuitton for selling fake luxury goods, in a ruling cheered as a victory for copyright protection.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, Brahim Deby, the eldest son of Chad’s President Idriss Deby, was found dead in the basement of his apartment building in a Paris suburb. He was asphyxiated by chemicals from a fire extinguisher that lay near his body. In late November Romanian police arrested a French-Romanian national identified as Marius C. after on a warrant from France.
    (AP, 11/28/08)(www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L02560147.htm)
2008        Jun 30, The Socialist International (SI), meeting in Lagonissi, Greece, granted observer status to the Polisario Front, a group fighting for full independence in Western Sahara. The disputed Western Sahara region is largely controlled by Morocco, but the Algerian-backed Polisario Front is committed to securing independence.
    (AFP, 7/2/08)
2008        Jun 30, India’s massive waiver for the debts of small farmers took effect. This cost the government an estimated 1.6% of GDP. Banks and credit cooperatives will be reimbursed in installments over the next 4 years.
    (Econ, 7/5/08, p.84)
2008        Jun 30, A special Iranian court sentenced Ali Ashtari (45), an Iranian man, to death on charges of spying for Israel. It was the country's first known conviction for espionage linked to Israel in almost a decade. The salesman of electronic merchandise had a job supplying military, security and defense centers across the country with electronic devices.
    (AP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, In Indian Kashmir shops, schools and offices remained shut for the eighth day running as protesters demanded formal revocation of an order to hand over land to a Hindu pilgrim body.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, Iraq announced that it was opening six major oil fields and two natural gas fields to development by foreign firms.
    (AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 30, Lithuania’s national communication regulator's office said that some 300 websites, including those of public institutions such as the national ethics body and the securities and exchange commission, as well as a string of companies, had found themselves under cyber attack.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, The UN said thousands of tons of food from the US has started flowing into North Korea.
    (SFC, 7/1/08, p.A3)
2008        Jun 30, In Pakistan an explosion killed six people at the house of Militant chief Haji Namdar in the northwestern Khyber tribal district, on the third day of a government offensive. Richard Boucher, the US Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asia, flew into Islamabad for talks with PM Yousuf Raza Gilani and other senior officials.
    (AFP, 6/30/08)
2008        Jun 30, In the Philippines gunmen killed journalist Bert Sison (62) and slightly wounded one of his daughters, whose sister pretended to be dead and escaped unharmed. The two daughters, also correspondents of the "Regional Bulletin," which reports mostly crime stories and sometimes carries articles critical of politicians.
    (AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 30, Sri Lanka's air force bombed a Tamil Tiger rebel navy base, while separate ground clashes in the country's war-torn north left 20 combatants dead.
    (AP, 7/1/08)
2008        Jun 30, In Sudan a cargo plane crashed shortly after takeoff from Khartoum's airport, killing all four Russian crew members aboard. The plane hit an electricity pole shortly after takeoff and then crashed into an empty field.
    (AP, 6/30/08)

2009        Jun 30, Navy Adm. James Stavridis replaced Army Gen. Bantz J. Craddock at a change of command ceremony at the US military's Patch Barracks near Stuttgart attended by US Defense Secretary Robert Gates and Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Stavridis, as the new head of the US European Command and NATO's top military leader, said quelling the Afghan insurgency would take more than bullets, calling for efforts to rebuild roads, schools and farms to win local support against the Taliban. A US soldier went missing and was believed captured by insurgents in eastern Afghanistan. He was later identified as Pfc. Bowe R. Bergdahl (23) of Ketchum, Idaho.
    (AP, 6/30/09)(AP, 7/2/09)(AP, 7/19/09)
2009        Jun 30, Boston disbanded its mounted police unit due to budget cuts. Founded in 1873 it was the first mounted unit in the country.
    (SFC, 6/29/09, p.A4)
2009        Jun 30, Minnesota’s state Supreme Court ruled unanimously that Democrat Al Franken should be certified the winner. Republican Norm Coleman pulled the plug on a bitter election that was decided by 312 votes out of almost 2.9 million cast. Franken's victory gave Democrats 60 Senate seats, the critical number needed to overcome Republican filibusters.
    (AP, 7/1/09)
2009        Jun 30, In Michigan gunmen in a green minivan opened fire on a group of teenagers waiting at a bus stop near a Detroit school, wounding seven including two who were in critical condition.
    (AP, 7/1/09)
2009        Jun 30, In California August Provost (29), a black and gay sailor, was burned and killed during an arson attack at Camp Pendleton. On July 31 Petty Officer Jonathan (32) was found dead of suicide in the base’s brig.
    (SSFC, 8/2/09, p.A9)(http://socialistworker.org/2009/07/20/why-did-august-provost-die)
2009        Jun 30, The African Union Executive Council announced it was lifting sanctions against Mauritania despite the coup held there 10 months ago. The sanctions could be enforced again if the presidential election due July 18 aren't considered fair.
    (AP, 7/1/09)
2009        Jun 30, Authorities in Argentina's capital and Buenos Aires province declared health emergencies and extended school vacations as the nation's swine flu death toll surged to 35.
    (AP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 30, Australian serial rapist John Xydias (45) was jailed for 28 years. For over 15 years he had dressed his unconscious victims in his collection of women's underwear and filmed assaults on them.
    (AFP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 30, In Australia 2 men were charged with the murder of a female student from China who went missing June 25 after a night out in Tasmania. Stavros Papadopoulos and Daniel Joseph Williams, both 21 and from Hobart, were remanded in custody after a brief appearance before a magistrate. Accountancy student Zhang Yu (26) was last seen alive outside a Hobart city center pub. Police later found her body in the Tyenna river west of Hobart. In 2010 Papadopoulos was sentenced to life in prison. Accomplice Daniel Jo Williams was sentenced to 10 years in jail on a charge of manslaughter.
    (AP, 6/30/09)(AFP, 6/30/10)
2009        Jun 30, China postponed a plan to require personal computer makers to supply Internet-filtering software, retreating in the face of protests by Washington and Web surfers hours before it was due to take effect.
    (AP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 30, Ethiopian police shot dead two people and injured six others as they blocked an attempt by Christians to build a church at a site also claimed by Muslims.
    (AFP, 7/1/09)
2009        Jun 30, Shi Pei Pu (b.1938), a Chinese operatic soprano, died in Paris. His affair with French lover Bernard Boursicot (b.1945), inspired the 1988 play and 1993 film “M. Butterfly." Both were arrested for espionage in 1983 and convicted in 1986. Shi was pardoned in 1987.
    (SFC, 7/4/09, p.B3)
2009        Jun 30, The UN adopted a resolution calling on all 192 UN member states not to recognize any government in Honduras other than Zelaya's. Roberto Micheletti, Honduras' interim leader, warned that the only way his predecessor will return to office is through a foreign invasion. The regime that ousted Zelaya claimed that the deposed president allowed money and tons of cocaine to be flown into the Central American country on its way to the US.
    (AP, 7/1/09)
2009        Jun 30, India's first "sea bridge" was officially opened in Mumbai, raising hopes that the state-of-the-art structure will ease chronic congestion on the city's notoriously choked roads. The 5.6-kilometer (3.5-mile) Bandra-Worli Sea Link, an eight-lane freeway, will help cut the 40-minute journey between the suburbs of Bandra and Worli to just eight minutes. Suspected militants used automatic weapons and machetes to kill a family of four migrant workers in India's insurgency-hit northeast.
    (AFP, 6/30/09)(AP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 30, Indonesia committed to the conservation of its dwindling tropical forests in a multimillion dollar debt-swap deal signed with the American government. Jakarta's payments to Washington will be reduced by $30 million over the next eight years under the US Tropical Forest Conservation Act.
    (AP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 30, Iraq's long-awaited licensing round to develop some of its massive oil reserves stumbled as oil and gas companies dug in their heals, demanding more money for their efforts than the government was willing to pay. Iraq celebrated National Sovereignty Day, a new public holiday, following the withdrawal of US forces from its cities. An explosion in Kirkuk killed at least 30 people.
    (AP, 6/30/09)(SFC, 7/1/09, p.A2)(AP, 7/2/09)
2009        Jun 30, The Israeli navy ordered a small ferry carrying medical supplies and foreign peace activists trying to break a blockade of Gaza to turn back. The Israeli navy intercepted the ship and forced it to sail to the Israeli port of Ashdod.
    (AP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 30, Mexican police found the remains of six people tortured and shot to death in western Michoacan state, a focus of the government's war against drug cartels. In the northern city of Ciudad Juarez, police found the body of a 19-year-old woman, an American citizen from across the border in El Paso, dumped at an intersection with her throat slit.
    (AP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 30, The Dutch Supreme Court upheld the war crimes conviction of businessman Frans van Anraat for selling chemicals to Iraq, which were turned into poison gas and unleashed in 1988 by the regime of Saddam Hussein on Kurds and Iranians. The court shaved six months off Anraat’s 17-year sentence because his case took so long.
    (AP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 30, Pakistan’s military said that 18 militants and three soldiers had been killed in the previous 24 hours. It also said militants had killed 18 of their wounded comrades in Swat. A militant faction allied with Mehsud in North Waziristan, another militant hotbed on the Afghan border, said it was ending a pact with the government because of US drone aircraft attacks and the presence of government forces in their area.
    (AP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 30, In Poland officials began building a new museum of Jewish history in Warsaw that they hope will become a major cultural landmark. Museum officials say construction will cost around 150 million zlotys ($47 million) and should be completed in 2012. An earlier groundbreaking ceremony for the Museum of the History of Polish Jews took place in 2007 in the presence of the Polish president, but bureaucratic obstacles then held up construction.
    (AP, 6/30/09)
2009        Jun 30, As many as 30 people were feared dead after the MV Demas Victory capsized and quickly sank in choppy Persian Gulf waters off the Qatari capital Doha. Five crew members were rescued. The ship was carrying 9 crew, along with 24 employees of the charterer HBK Power Cleaning and two caterers working for a company hired by HBK.
    (AP, 7/2/09)
2009        Jun 30, In Turkey a civilian prosecutor charged and briefly arrested Col. Dursun Cicek for his alleged involvement in a plan to overthrow the AK party. The army ordered an investigation but declared the colonel innocent.
    (Econ, 7/4/09, p.49)
2009        Jun 30, A Yemenia Airbus 310 jet with 153 people on board crashed into the Indian Ocean as it tried to land during strong winds on the island nation of Comoros. The passengers were on the last leg of a journey from Paris and Marseilles to Comoros with a stop in Yemen to change planes. Bahia Bakari (14), the only person to survive, was plucked from the sea after clinging to wreckage for 13 hours. Investigators on Aug 28 retrieved the slightly damaged flight data recorder and 10 more bodies from the Yemenia Airways flight. The voice recorder was recovered on Aug 29. On Nov 15, 2013, France charged Yemenia Airways with manslaughter over the crash.
    (AP, 6/30/09)(SFC, 7/2/09, p.A3)(AP, 8/29/09)(AFP, 1/29/14)

2010        Jun 30, In Alabama a grand jury indicted Joran van der Sloot on charges that he tried to extort $250,000 from Beth Holloway, the mother of Natalee Holloway, a teenager who disappeared during a 2005 trip to Aruba.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.A4)
2010        Jun 30, The San Francisco fiscal year ended. Parking meter revenue generated $38 million for the fiscal year. Revenue from expired meter fines added almost $29 million. Meter rates have been raised in 1992, 2003, 2005 and 2009.
    (SFC, 10/7/10, p.A10)
2010        Jun 30, Allyn Ferguson (b.1924), Emmy-winning composer, died at his home in Los Angeles County. He co-wrote the theme music for the TV series “Charlie’s Angels" and “Barney Miller," as well as numerous other series.
    (SFC, 6/30/10, p.C5)
2010        Jun 30, In eastern Afghanistan militants set off a car bomb and stormed the entrance to a major NATO air base outside Jalalabad city. 8 insurgents died in the failed assault. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid said six suicide attackers killed 32 foreign and Afghan security forces at the airport. NATO said a US trooper died of wounds sustained in a gunbattle with insurgents. Two patients waiting for a doctor were wounded when a suicide bomber detonated his vest of explosives behind a clinic in the Dularam district of Farah province. 43 insurgents were reported killed or captured in a 3-day operation aimed at disrupting insurgents in Panjwai district of Kandahar province. Afghan and int’l. troops captured Mullah Nazar Mohammad, the Taliban district chief of Now Zad and Mullah Malang, a Taliban commander in Baghran, Helmand province. Some Taliban were killed or wounded.
    (AP, 6/30/10)(WSJ, 7/2/10, p.A10)(SFC, 7/2/10, p.A4)
2010        Jun 30, In Algeria Al Qaeda-linked militants killed 11 Algerian paramilitary police in the oil-rich state's deadliest attack in a year.
    (AFP, 7/1/10)(SFC, 7/1/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 30, The British the Supreme Court ruled that British troops are not protected by human rights laws on the battlefield, after the government argued that such protection could hamper military decision-making.
    (AFP, 6/30/10)
2010        Jun 30, In Burundi politicians boycotting the elections dismissed the results as a sham.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 30, China threw open the gates of its secretive Central Party School, offering foreign journalists a rare but carefully scripted peek at the leafy campus where the country's Communist elite are trained.
    (AP, 6/30/10)
2010        Jun 30, In Colombia former hostage Ingrid Betancourt filed a request with Colombia's Defense Ministry to pay her $6.8 million for damages she suffered during six years in rebel captivity. She sought the payment for herself, her two children, mother and sister. Betancourt later said that despite seeking damages, she has no intention of suing Colombia for the money.
    (AP, 7/10/10)(AP, 7/12/10)
2010        Jun 30, Amnesty International released a report saying Cuba uses repressive laws, a well-oiled state security apparatus and complicit courts to stifle political dissent as it harasses, spies on and imprisons those who openly oppose its communist system.
    (AP, 6/30/10)
2010        Jun 30, In Germany Christine Wulff, a former state governor. was elected president after 3 rounds of voting. He was Chancellor’s Merkel’s candidate.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 30, In Guinea a group of candidates running in what many hoped would be the country's first free election since independence denounced what they called widespread fraud in the poll.
    (AP, 6/30/10) 
2010        Jun 30, The Israeli army said an Israeli soldier and several civilians have been arrested for allegedly passing information to the Lebanese militia Hezbollah and smuggling drugs across the border.
    (AFP, 6/30/10)
2010        Jun 30, In Mexico a 6.2 earthquake, centered in Oaxaca, killed at least one man.
    (SFC, 7/1/10, p.A2)
2010        Jun 30, Nepal's PM Madhav Kumar Nepal announced his resignation, bowing to pressure from opposition Maoists who have been demanding his ouster in parliament and on the streets.
    (AP, 6/30/10)
2010        Jun 30, In Pakistan Samiullah Khan, a deputy administrator in the Orakzai tribal region, said the aerial bombings have destroyed six Taliban hide-outs in the region leaving at least 20 militants dead.
    (AP, 6/30/10)
2010        Jun 30, In the Philippines Benigno Aquino III was sworn in as the country’s 15th president. He promised to prosecute the corrupt and banish poverty as he urged Filipinos to help him in a job he likened to a biblical burden.
    (AP, 6/30/10)
2010        Jun 30, A South African health official said botched circumcisions performed during traditional initiation rites have killed 40 boys and put more than 100 in hospital this month.
    (AFP, 6/30/10)

2011        Jun 30, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a budget plan. He used his line-item veto to cut an additional $23.8 million from the state’s $86 billion general fund.
    (SFC, 7/1/11, p.A1)
2011        Jun 30, Florida’s Miami-Dade police shot and killed 4 armed men in a sting operation targeting a group that had committed a series of violent home robberies.
    (SFC, 7/2/11, p.A5)
2011        Jun 30, Ohio Republican Governor John Kasich signed into law a bill that allows gun owners in the state to carry concealed weapons into bars and other places where alcohol is served. The law also prohibits gun owners from consuming alcohol or being under the influence of alcohol or drugs when they carry their weapons into bars.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In southern Afghanistan roadside bombs killed two NATO service members in separate attacks. A man, woman and four children were killed when the car in which they were riding hit a roadside bomb in Marjah district, Helmand province. Militants captured two de-mining workers and seized five of their vehicles in Gardez.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, Bahrain stopped bringing anti-government protesters to trial at a special tribunal with military prosecutors and moved the proceedings to civilian courts. Riot police fired tear gas and stun grenades to disperse thousands of opposition supporters.
    (AP, 6/30/11)(SFC, 7/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 30, Bangladesh's Parliament rewrote the constitution and rescinded a 15-year-old requirement that general elections be overseen by nonpartisan caretaker governments, a move the opposition says could allow incumbents to rig the votes.
    (AP, 6/30/11)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.42)
2011        Jun 30, Bolivia's government said it has informed the United Nations it is renouncing the world body's 1961 anti-drug convention because it classifies coca leaf as an illegal drug.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In Brazil a law was published in the official gazette saying prisoners will get one day knocked off their sentences for every 12 hours in the classroom.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, British teachers and public service workers swapped classrooms and offices for picket lines as hundreds of thousands walked off the job to protest pension cuts.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, China’s 200 mph bullet train from Beijing to Shanghai opened to the public. Construction of the $34 billion, 1,318 km rail line began on April 18, 2008.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beijing%E2%80%93Shanghai_High-Speed_Railway)
2011        Jun 30, In Equatorial Guinea the 53-nation African Union opened its summit in Malabo.
    (AP, 6/29/11)
2011        Jun 30, The German parliament approved government plan to shut down nuclear power plants by 2022.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, India’s media reported that at least 17 infants have died in the last 48 hours at the government-run B.C. Roy Hospital for Children in Kolkata, West Bengal. In 2006, 22 infants died in three days at the same hospital because of prematurity or acute forms of either meningitis, encephalitis or septicemia.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono appointed his brother-in-law, who rights groups say may have been responsible for abuses in East Timor in 1999, as the nation's new army chief.
    (AFP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In northern Iraqi two police officers were killed in a late night ambush at a fake checkpoint in Wana.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 30, The Italian government approved a $68 billion austerity sweep. The 3-year plan aimed to bring the government’s 3.9% budget deficit to near balance by 2014.
    (SFC, 7/1/11, p.A2)
2011        Jun 30, In Kenya two people were killed and dozens injured after a riot broke out in part of the Dadaab camp, Africa's biggest refugee camp, where thousands of Somali refugees have been arriving weekly in search of food and shelter. The population at Dadaab camp surpassed 370,000 last week and showed no sign of stabilizing.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 30, A UN-backed court investigating the 2005 assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri delivered four arrest warrants. Lebanese authorities were given 30 days to serve the indictments on suspects or execute arrest warrants. If they fail, the court can then order the indictment published and advertised in local media. One of the people named is Mustafa Badreddine, believed to have been Hezbollah's deputy military commander. He is the brother-in-law of the late Hezbollah military commander Imad Mughniyeh and is suspected of involvement in the 1983 bombings of the U.S. and French embassies in Kuwait that killed five people. The other suspects are: Salim Ayyash, also known as Abu Salim; Assad Sabra and Hassan Anise, who changed his name to Hassan Issa.
    (AP, 6/30/11)(AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 30, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton arrived for the two-day "Community of Democracies" gathering in Vilnius, Lithuania.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In Mexico gunmen opened fire during a soccer game in the resort city of Acapulco, killing two people and wounding at least two children who were watching the match.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, A Pakistani military commander said troops backed by jets and helicopter gunships have killed 40 militants in the Mohmand tribal area bordering Afghanistan in the past three days.
    (AFP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, Organizers of a pro-Palestinian flotilla that will try to break Israel's sea blockade of the Gaza Strip accused Israel of sabotaging a second ship.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, Russian officials said a court in a Moscow suburb banned works by the founder of the Church of Scientology. A court in the Siberian city of Surgut had earlier made a similar decision, but then overturned it. The decision did not yet taken effect due to a still-pending appeal by the Scientologists.
    (AP, 6/30/11)(AP, 1/8/12)
2011        Jun 30, In Sri Lanka hundreds of people protested demanding to know the whereabouts of their family members abducted by "white van squads" allegedly operated by the government during the height of the country's civil war.
    (AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In Sudan an Ethiopian peacekeeper was killed in West Darfur and another wounded when an unidentified gunman fired at their vehicle.
    (AFP, 7/2/11)
2011        Jun 30, Syria's second city Aleppo braced for a mass rally, after a call for anti-regime protesters to "light the spark of the revolution," as pro-democracy dissidents joined ranks at home and abroad. Only five Syrians made it across the border today as the death toll from a two-day military siege rose to 11 people.
    (AFP, 6/30/11)(AP, 6/30/11)
2011        Jun 30, In Taiwan former Pres. Lee Teng-hui (88) was indicted for embezzlement and money-laundering during his time in office (1988-2000).
    (SFC, 7/1/11, p.A6)(Econ, 7/9/11, p.40)
2011        Jun 30, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (56) revealed that he is fighting cancer after having a tumor removed in Cuba, raising uncertainty about Venezuela's political future even as he assured his country he expects to fully recover.
    (AP, 7/1/11)
2011        Jun 30, In Yemen 5 soldiers were killed in fresh fighting with alleged Al-Qaeda militants in the restive southern city of Zinjibar.
    (AP, 6/30/11)

2012        Jun 30, Millions across the mid-Atlantic region sweltered in the aftermath of violent storms that pummeled the eastern US with high winds and downed trees, killing 24 people and leaving 3 million without power during a heat wave. At least six of the dead were killed in Virginia. 2 young cousins in New Jersey were killed when a tree fell on their tent while camping. 2 were killed in Maryland, one in Ohio, one in Kentucky and one in Washington.
    (AP, 6/30/12)(SFC, 7/3/12, p.A8)(Econ, 7/7/12, p.32)
2012        Jun 30, In Utah a group of about 150 Mormons quit their church in a mass resignation ceremony in Salt Lake City in a rare display of defiance ending decades of disagreement for some over issues ranging from polygamy to gay marriage.
    (Reuters, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 30, In Afghanistan an explosive strapped to a bicycle went off near a Kabul Bank branch in Gardez killing 2 policemen.
    (AP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 30, British police stopped a car on the M1 highway in South Yorkshire and impounded it for not having insurance. Firearms, offensive weapons and other material were later found hidden in the vehicle, which prompted police to trace and arrest the driver, passenger and 5 other suspects.
    (AP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jun 30, China’s Civil Affairs Ministry said at least 50 people have been killed from mudslides in the south. Another 42 people were missing.
    (SSFC, 7/1/12, p.A6)
2012        Jun 30, In Egypt Mohamed Morsi took the oath of office to become the country’s first Islamist president and its first elected head of state since the revolt that overthrew Hosni Mubarak overthrow last year.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 30, Egyptian press reported that security forces have seized a large weapons consignment, including Grad rockets, that had been smuggled from Libya and could have been headed to the Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 30, Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili named veteran Interior Minister Vano Merabishvili as the new prime minister ahead of an October parliamentary election. Under constitutional changes approved in 2010, the prime minister will gain additional powers to rival those of the president.
    (AP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jun 30, Hong Kong police used pepper spray to disperse crowds demonstrating against Chinese President Hu Jintao, ahead of the 15th anniversary of the territory's handover amid tight security.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 30, Iceland's President Olafur Ragnar Grimsson was re-elected to a fifth term with 52.8% of the vote.
    (AP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jun 30, In Iraq 3 policemen died when a suicide car bomb and three roadside bombs exploded at a security checkpoint in Samarra. The bombing raised the death toll for June to at least 237.
    (AP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jun 30, Yitzhak Shamir (96), Israel's former prime minister (1983-84 and 1986-92), died.
    (AFP, 7/1/12)(Econ, 7/14/12, p.86)
2012        Jun 30, Hardline Islamists occupying northern Mali went on the rampage in Timbuktu, destroying ancient tombs of Muslim saints and threatening to wipe out every religious shrine in the fabled city. The onslaught by the fundamentalist Ansar Dine group was launched just two days after UNESCO named the city an endangered world heritage site.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 30, Nigeria's military said it has arrested the leader of a gang responsible for a series of attacks on oil installations in the Niger Delta region. Seifa Gbereke (25), known locally as "General Cairo," was also suspected of stealing crude from pipelines.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 30, Philippine soldiers killed 13 communist guerrilla rebels in two separate clashes, in what military officials described as one of the biggest victories over the insurgents in years.
    (AFP, 6/30/12)
2012        Jun 30, In South Africa a fire at the Gold Fields Kloof-Driefontein mine near Johannesburg left five workers dead. On July 2 the mineral resources ministry issued a compulsory order that halted operations pending investigations. On July 3 Gold Fields reopened the east section of the Kloof Driefontein Complex.
    (AP, 7/2/12)(AFP, 7/2/12)(AFP, 7/3/12)
2012        Jun 30, In Geneva representatives of global and regional powers accepted a UN-brokered plan calling for creation of a transitional national unity government in Syria. But at Russia's insistence, the compromise agreement left the door open to Assad being part of the interim administration.
    (AP, 6/30/12)(AP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jun 30, Syrian activists said government troops have regained control of a rebellious Damascus suburb after a 10-day assault that left dozens dead, hundreds wounded and caused a major humanitarian crisis. Activists said at least 22 people were killed in violence today. Dozens more were reported killed and wounded in a powerful evening explosion that hit a funeral procession in a suburb of Damascus.
    (AP, 6/30/12)(AP, 7/1/12)
2012        Jun 30, Yemeni officials said six bodies were found today outside Zinjibar. Deaths from landmines since Zinjibar fell to a military offensive two weeks ago reached 81. Engineering teams have removed some 3,000 landmines from the area.
    (AP, 6/30/12)

2013        Jun 30, President Barack Obama  flew from Johannesburg to Cape Town and announced a new initiative to double access to electric power in sub-Saharan Africa.
    (AP, 6/30/13)
2013        Jun 30, In Arizona 19 firefighters of an elite crew fighting a forest fire northwest of Phoenix were overtaken and killed by a fast-moving blaze stoked by hot winds. The Yarnell Hill Fire also destroyed some 200 homes. On Dec 4 a state commission approved a nearly $650,000 fine against the state Forestry Division after investigators found that officials had put protection of property ahead of safety.
    (AP, 7/1/13)(SFC, 12/5/13, p.A8)
2013        Jun 30, San Francisco’s 43rd annual LGBT Parade drew a crowd estimated at 1.2 million people.
    (SFC, 7/1/13, p.A1)
2013        Jun 30, In San Francisco a woman 28 was punched in the early hours and then robbed of her purse and cell phone. The attacker then returned and kicked her in the face in an event that was captured on video. On July 26 police arrested Christopher Porter-Bailey of Oakland on suspicion of robbery and assault.
    (SFC, 8/1/13, p.A1)
2013        Jun 30, In Brazil more than 5,000 anti-government protesters marched near the Maracana stadium before a major international soccer match, venting their anger about the billions of dollars the government is spending on major sporting events rather than public services.
    (AP, 6/30/13)
2013        Jun 30, Chinese paramilitary troops began round-the-clock patrols in the country's northwestern region of Xinjiang following a series of bloody clashes that have killed at least 56 people over the last several months. State media blamed religious extremists.
    (AP, 6/30/13)(Reuters, 6/30/13)
2013        Jun 30, In Egypt tens of thousands of opponents of Islamist Pres. Morsi massed in Cairo's Tahrir Square and in cities around the country, launching an all-out push to force him from office on the one-year anniversary of his inauguration. At least 16 people were killed and more than 600 wounded in clashes between supporters and opponents of President Morsi.
    (AP, 6/30/13)(Reuters, 6/30/13)(AP, 7/2/13)
2013        Jun 30, Germany’s Der Spiegel newsmagazine reported that the United States taps half a billion phone calls, emails and text messages in Germany in a typical month and has classed its biggest European ally as a target similar to China, according to secret US documents taken by fugitive former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden.
    (AP, 6/30/13)
2013        Jun 30, Malaysia urged Myanmar to take stronger action to prevent persecution of Muslims and bring the perpetrators to justice, the latest sign that the inter communal violence is straining ties in Southeast Asia.
    (Reuters, 6/30/13)
2013        Jun 30, In Nigeria gunmen shot dead two civilians overnight and then used explosives to free 175 inmates from a prison in the southern town of Akure.
    (Reuters, 6/30/13)
2013        Jun 30, In northwest Pakistan 17 people were killed when a powerful roadside bomb attack narrowly missed a passing convoy of security forces but ravaged a busy market area in Peshawar. A roadside bomb struck an army convoy and killed 4 soldiers in the North Waziristan tribal area. In the southwest at least 28 people were killed and dozens wounded in Quetta when a suicide bomber attacked a largely Shi'ite Muslim neighborhood.
    (AP, 6/30/13)(Reuters, 6/30/13)
2013        Jun 30, Pakistan’s 2008 moratorium, passed by a previous government, expired. The new policy of PM Nawaz Sharif's government was to execute all death row prisoners, except those pardoned on humanitarian grounds.
    (Reuters, 7/7/13)
2013        Jun 30, The family and Israeli layer of a Palestinian from the Gaza Strip, who vanished while visiting Egypt this month, said Wael Abu Rida (35) was under arrest in Israel for alleged security offences. Israel's Public Defender's Office said it had received Abu Rida's case on June 22 and assigned him a lawyer.
    (AP, 6/30/13)
2013        Jun 30, The Kremlin said Pres. Putin has singed into law a measure that stigmatizes gay people and bans giving any information about homosexuality.
    (SFC, 7/1/13, p.A2)
2013        Jun 30, Somalia's government called for a neutral force in the disputed port city of Kismayo, accusing Kenyan troops there of backing one militia against others in ongoing fighting for control of the strategic southern city.
    (AP, 7/1/13)
2013        Jun 30, In Spain Aurea Vazquez Rijos, accused of hiring someone to kill her wealthy Canadian husband in Puerto Rico on Sep 23, 2005, was arrested by Spanish police after being sought for five years in the alleged murder-for-hire scheme.
    (AP, 6/30/13)
2013        Jun 30, In Syria government attacks on central and northern cities killed six people. The government announced that two years of conflict has cost the public sector $15 billion. Assad's forces pounded Sunni Muslim rebels in the city of Homs with artillery and from the air for a second day in their offensive in central Syria.
    (AP, 6/30/13)(Reuters, 7/1/13)
2013        Jun 30, Thailand's PM Yingluck Shinawatra sacked the commerce minister who had come under fire over a rice intervention scheme that resulted in huge losses to the budget and saw the country lose its place as the world's top rice exporter. Shinawatra added the post of defense minister to her duties.
    (AP, 6/30/13)
2013        Jun 30, In Turkey police fired teargas and water cannon to disperse thousands of protesters in Diyarbakir, the main city in Turkey's Kurdish-dominated southeast, during demonstrations across the country to pressure the government to carry out reforms.
    (Reuters, 6/30/13)

2014        Jun 30, Pres. Obama, in a direct challenge to House Republicans, said he would act on his own to stem the tide people crossing the southern US border illegally, fix failures in the immigration system and speed the return of thousands of smuggled children from Central America.
    (SFC, 7/1/14, p.A1)
2014        Jun 30, The US Supreme Court in Burwell v Hobby Lobby decided 5-4 that some employers with religious objections do not have to pay for contraceptives for their staff.
    (Econ, 7/5/14, p.24)
2014        Jun 30, The US Supreme Court in Harris v Quinn decided that home health care workers are employed by the people they care for.
    (Econ, 7/5/14, p.24)
2014        Jul 3, The DJIA topped 17,000 for the first time closing at 17,068.
    (SFC, 7/4/14, p.C5)
2014        Jun 30, BNP Paribas, France’s largest bank, pleaded guilty in a New York state court admitting that it had transferred billions of dollars on behalf of Sudan, Cuba and Iran, all blacklisted by the US. The bank agreed to pay $8.9 billion to settle the charges.
    (SFC, 7/1/14, p.D2)(Econ, 7/5/14, p.58)
2014        Jun 30, General Motors added 8.2 million vehicles to its ballooning list of cars recalled over faulty ignition switches.
    (SFC, 7/1/14, p.D4)
2014        Jun 30, In southern California Sinh Vinh Ngo Nguyen of Garden Grove was sentenced to 13 years in prison for using Facebook and other Internet communications to connect with al-Qaida and plan to train its fighters in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/1/14, p.A6)
2014        Jun 30, Paul Mazursky (b.1930), American film director, writer, actor and producer, died in Los Angeles. His films included “"Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice" (1969), “Harry and Tonto" (1974), “An Unmarried Woman" (1978) and “Enemies: A Love Story" (1989).
    (SFC, 7/2/14, p.E4)
2014        Jun 30, Frank Robinson (b.1926), LGBT advocate and novelist, died in San Francisco. “The Glass Inferno," which he co-wrote with Thomas Scortia, was one of two books adapted into the film “The Towering Inferno" (1974).
    (SFC, 7/4/14, p.D1)
2014        Jun 30, Afghan forces continued to battle the Taliban in southern Helmand province for a second week seeking to reassert control over a strategic district just weeks after the departure of US troops.
    (Reuters, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, Argentine officials said flooding from torrential rains have forced the evacuation of 3,000 people in the northeastern provinces of Misiones and Formosa.
    (SFC, 7/1/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 30, Australia’s Catholic church said Bishop Max Davis has stepped down after being accused of sexually abusing a teenage student decades ago. Davis denied the charges.
    (SFC, 7/1/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 30, In Belgium a 24-hour strike disrupted train service and caused the cancellation of high-speed Thalys services between Brussels and Paris, Amsterdam and other European cities.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, In England Rolf Harris (84) an Australian-born artist, TV presenter and performer of songs like "Tie Me Kangaroo Down, Sport," was convicted at Southwark Crown Court on all 12 counts of indecently assaulting girls and young women from 1968-1986.
    (AFP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, Bulgaria sought to stabilize its banks with rescue money after what the government called a criminal plot to undermine them with rumors triggered runs on deposits.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, Cameroon's football federation said it will investigate allegations of match-fixing by its team at the World Cup and the possible existence of "seven bad apples" in the squad.
    (AP, 7/1/14)
2014        Jun 30, In Canada Toronto Mayor Rob Ford returned to work after a two-month stay in rehab and vowed to stay clean.
    (SFC, 7/1/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 30, In China former top Gen. Xu Caihou was expelled from the ruling Communist Party to face bribery charges. Three other senior officials, including a former deputy police minister, also were expelled from the party to face corruption charges.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, China said it will re-open its embassy in Mogadishu 23 years after evacuating its diplomats as Somalia plunged into civil war.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, In China a leaking oil pipeline caught fire in the northeastern port city of Dalian, forcing the evacuation of nearly 20,000 residents.
    (AP, 7/1/14)
2014        Jun 30, In Egypt 2 police officers were killed while trying to defuse makeshift bombs planted near Cairo's presidential palace close to the anniversary of the army's overthrow of an elected Islamist president. The militant group Ajnad Misr, or Soldiers of Egypt, claimed responsibility.
    (Reuters, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, France said the leaders of Russia and Ukraine have agreed to work on the adoption of a ceasefire in Ukraine as well as the establishment of effective border controls.
    (Reuters, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, Iraq lifted a 17-day social media ban imposed to disrupt the communications of armed militants who have seized much of its west and north, although about 20 news websites remain blocked.
    (Reuters, 7/1/14)
2014        Jun 30, Israeli military found the bodies of teenagers Eyal Yifrah (19), Gilad Shaar (16) and Naftali Fraenkel (16), under a pile of rocks north of Hebron. They were abducted on June 12 while hitchhiking home from the Jewish seminaries, where they were studying near the West Bank city of Hebron. Troops set off explosions in the family homes of the alleged abductors in Hebron.
    (AP, 7/1/14)(Reuters, 7/1/14)(SFC, 7/1/14, p.A2)
2014        Jun 30, Israel's interior minister Gideon Saar (47) said he will no longer permit Tel Aviv supermarkets to stay open on the Jewish Sabbath, drawing a chorus of criticism from liberal Israelis who see the regulation as religious coercion against secular society.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, Israeli prosecutors indicted businessman Nochi Dankner for securities fraud. Last December he lost his grip on IDB Holding Corp. after a court approved a rescue plan that handed control to two rival entrepreneurs.
    (Econ, 7/5/14, p.54)
2014        Jun 30, In Japan thousands of people protested outside the PM Shinzo Abe's office in anticipation his government will reinterpret the constitution to allow Japan's military a larger international role.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, A Macedonian court convicted six Muslim men of murdering five Christian fishermen in a lake near the capital Skopje on Easter, 2012, in an alleged plot to destabilize the country, and sentenced them to life imprisonment. Two of the defendants were tried in absentia, because they are serving jail terms in neighboring Kosovo over illegal weapons charges. A seventh suspect was acquitted.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, In southern Mexico 22 suspected criminals were killed in a firefight with troops in the San Pedro Limon community of Tlatlaya. On Sep 30 three soldiers were charged with homicide. On Oct 21 the government said soldiers had killed 12-15 suspects in the fight. A survivor later said most of the victims had been killed after they surrendered.
    (AP, 9/25/14)(AP, 10/1/14)(SFC, 10/23/14, p.A2)(Econ, 10/18/14, p.37)(AP, 12/31/14)
2014        Jun 30, Pakistan launched a ground offensive against militant strongholds near the Afghan border after evacuating nearly half a million people from the region.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, Palestinian militants fired at least 14 rockets into southern Israel, damaging two homes but causing no injuries.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, In Somalia 2 people were killed after a land mine exploded at a business center in the northern outskirts of Mogadishu.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, In Syria a barrage of mortar shells hit government-held areas of the northern city of Idlib, killing 14 people and wounding at least 40. Heavy clashes were reported between several Syrian rebel factions and ISIL fighting for control of a border crossing with Iraq in eastern Syria.
    (AP, 6/30/14)
2014        Jun 30, Thailand's military government said it had begun an overhaul of the electoral system following an announcement by junta leader General Prayuth Chan-ocha that polls could take place by late 2015.
    (Reuters, 6/30/14)

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