Today in History - July 5

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649        Jul 5, St. Martin I began his reign as Pope.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1201        Jul 5, An earthquake in Syria and upper Egypt killed some 1.1 million people.
    (www.geohaz.org/member/news/signif.htm)

1294        Jul 5, Pietro di Murrone, a pious hermit, was elected as Pope Celestine V. He was so besieged by the political, social and religious challenges of the position that just five months later, on December 13, he became the first pope to resign, for which he was imprisoned by his successor, Boniface VIII. He died in the castle of Fumone, May 19, 1296.
    (www.newadvent.org/cathen/03479b.htm)

1522        Jul 5, Antonio de Nebrija (b.1441), Spanish scholar, died. His work included a Spanish grammar written in Latin. It was the first systematic treatment of a vernacular European language.
    (Econ, 6/1/13, p.80)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_de_Nebrija)

1539        Jul 5, Antonio M. Zaccaria, Italian physician, saint, died.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1643        Jul 5, 1st recorded tornado in US was at Essex County, Massachusetts.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1687        Jul 5, The first volume of Isaac Newton's "Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica" ("Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy") was published in Latin by Edmund Halley. His invention of differential and integral calculus is here presented. Here also are stated Newton’s laws of motion, that obliterated the Aristotelian concept of inertia. 1) Every physical body continues in its state of rest, unless it is compelled to change that state by a force or forces impressed upon it. 2) A change of motion is proportional to the force impressed upon the body and is made in the direction of the straight line in which the force is impressed. 3) To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction. Book Three of the Principia opens with two pages headed "Rules of Reasoning in Philosophy." There are four rules as follows: 1) We are to admit no more causes of natural things than such as are both true and sufficient to explain the appearances. [A restatement of Ockham’s Razor: "What can be done with fewer is done in vain with more."] 2) Therefore to the same natural effects we must, as far as possible, assign the same causes. 3) The qualities of bodies which are found to belong to all bodies within the reach of our experiments, are to be esteemed the universal qualities of bodies whatsoever. 4) In experimental philosophy we are to look upon propositions inferred by general induction from phenomena as accurately or very nearly true notwithstanding any contrary hypothesis that may be imagined, till such time as other phenomena occur, by which they may either be made more accurate, or liable to exceptions.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.207-10)(http://tinyurl.com/6772jj)(Econ, 4/21/12, p.95)

1694        Jul 5, Composer Louis-Claude Daquin was born.
    (DataDragon)

1709        Jul 5, Etienne de Silhouette, French minister of finance, outline portrait artist, was born.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1755        Jul 5, Sarah Siddons, Welsh actress, gained fame playing Lady Macbeth in Macbeth, was born.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1775        Jul 5, William Crotch, composer, was born.
    (MC, 7/5/02)
1775        Jul 5, The Olive Branch Petition was adopted by the Continental Congress and professed the attachment of the American people to George III. It expressed hope for the restoration of harmony and begged the king to prevent further hostile actions against the colonies. The following day, Congress passed a resolution written by Thomas Jefferson and John Dickinson, a "Declaration of the Causes and Necessities of Taking Up Arms," which rejected independence but asserted that Americans were ready to die rather than be enslaved. King George refused to receive the Olive Branch Petition on August 23 and proclaimed the American colonies to be in open rebellion.
    (HNQ, 7/2/99)

1776        Jul 5, The Declaration of Independence was first printed by John Dunlop in Philadelphia. 200 copies were prepared July 5-6 and distributed to the states.
    (HN, 7/5/98)(HNQ, 7/4/99)(SFC, 7/4/01, p.A3)

1781        Jul 5, Stamford Raffles, founder of Singapore, was born.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1794        Jul 5, Sylvester Graham, developed graham cracker, was born.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1801        Jul 5, David G. Farragut (d.1870), American naval hero, was born in Knoxville, Tenn.
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1806        Jul 5, A Spanish army repelled the British during their attempt to retake Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1809        Jul 5, Pope Pius VII was taken prisoner to France and held there until 1814.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.371)

1809        Jul 5-6, Napoleon beat archduke Charles at the Battle of Wagram.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1810        Jul 5, P.T. Barnum, American showman who formed the Barnum and Bailey Circus, was born.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1811        Jul 5, Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1814        Jul 5, US troops under Gen. Jacob Brown and Gen. Winfield Scott defeated a superior British force under Maj. Gen. Phineas Riall near the Niagara River at Chippewa, Canada. British casualties exceeded 500 compared to some 300 Americans.
    (AH, 10/07, p.53)

1826        Jul 5, Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles (b.1781), British statesman, died in London. He is best known for his founding of the city of Singapore (now the city-state of the Republic of Singapore). He is often described as the "Father of Singapore". He was also heavily involved in the conquest of the Indonesian island of Java from Dutch and French military forces during the Napoleonic Wars and contributed to the expansion of the British Empire. He was also an amateur writer and wrote a book entitled History of Java (1817). In 2012 Victoria Glendinning authored “Raffles and the Golden Opportunity."
    (Econ, 11/10/12, p.88)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamford_Raffles)

1830        Jul 5, The French occupied the North African city of Algiers. A flotilla had set sail earlier from Toulon to wrest Algeria from Ottoman control.
    (AP, 7/5/97)(Econ, 3/1/14, p.83)

1832        Jul 5, The German government began curtailing freedom of the press after German Democrats advocate a revolt against Austrian rule.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1833        Jul 5, Joseph Nicephore Niepce (b.1765), French inventor most noted as the inventor of photography, died. He is well-known for taking some of the earliest photographs, dating to the 1820s.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nic%C3%A9phore_Ni%C3%A9pce)

1908        Jul 5, In Fairmont, West Virginia, a special day was organized by Mrs. Grace Golden Clayton, who wanted to celebrate the lives of the 210 fathers who had been lost in the Monongah Mining disaster several months earlier, on December 6, 1907. A general Father’s Day was organized in Spokane, Wa., on June 19, 1910.
    (AP, 6/19/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Father%27s_Day)

1839        Jul 5, British naval forces bombarded Dingai on Zhoushan Island in China and occupy it.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1841        Jul 5, Thomas Cook (1808-1892) opened the 1st travel agency as he arranged for the rail company to charge one shilling per person for rail tickets and food for a group of 540 temperance campaigners from Leicester Campbell Street station to a rally in Loughborough.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Cook)

1849        Jul 5, The sailing ship Niantic arrived in SF, Ca, and anchored in Yerba Buena Cove. The ship’s owners soon converted her to a storage and auction house for imported goods and built a hotel on her deck.
    (SFC, 5/9/03, p.E5)(SFC, 2/4/05, p.E16)

1852        Jul 5, Johann Baptist Weigl (69), composer, died.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1853        Jul 5, Cecil John Rhodes (d.1902), politician, diamond merchant, was born in South Africa. He discovered a vast lode of diamonds at Kimberley and founded the De Beers Mining Co. He ran for Cape parliament in 1881 and was prime minister of the Cape Colony from 1890-1896. He founded Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe) for mineral speculation and endowed the Rhodes scholarships upon his death with £3 million.
    (WSJ, 1/11/98, p.R18)(MC, 7/5/02)

1863        Jul 5, Federal troops occupied Vicksburg, Mississippi, and distributed supplies to the citizens. The battles of Jackson and Birdsong Ferry, were fought in Mississippi.
    (HN, 7/5/98)(MC, 7/5/02)

1865        Jul 5, The US Secret Service began operating under the Treasury Department. The Secret Service Division began in Washington, D.C., to suppress counterfeit currency. Chief William P. Wood was sworn in by Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCulloch.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Secret_Service)
1865        Jul 5, Great Britain imposed world’s 1st maximum speed laws.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1867        Jul 5, Andrew Ellicott Douglass, astronomer and archaeologist, was born.
    (HN, 7/5/01)

1877        Jul 5, Wanda A. Landowska, Warsaw Poland, harpsichordist (Musique Ancienne), was born.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1879        Jul 5, Dwight Filley Davis (d. Nov 28, 1945 at 66), hall of famer, tennis player, presidential aide, and Sec of War under Coolidge. He donated tennis’s Davis Cup in 1945.
    (DTnet, 11/28/97)(MC, 7/5/02)

1880        Jul 5, Jan Kubelik, composer, was born.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1884        Jul 5, US Congress accepted a 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1889        Jul 5, Jean Cocteau (d.1963), French artist, writer and actor, was born. “History is a combination of reality of History becomes a lie. The unreality of the fable becomes the truth."
    (AP, 11/16/00)(HN, 7/5/01)

1891        Jul 5, John Northrop, US biochemist, crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946), was born.
    (MC, 7/5/02)
 
1892        Jul 5, Andrew Beard was issued a patent for the rotary engine.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1895        Jul 5, Gordon Jacob, composer (William Byrd Suite), was born.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1904        Jul 5, Ernst Mayr, biologist, was born in Germany. He emigrated to the US in 1931. Mayr helped define the concept of species as a group of interbreeding populations. He helped found the modern evolutionary synthesis with Theodosius Dobzhansky, Julian Huxley and George Gaylord Simpson, that brought together a genetic understanding of how species adopt to their environment.
    (NH, 5/97, p.8)(SFC, 7/5/04, p.A6)

1909        Jul 5, Andrei Gromyko, diplomat, USSR President (1985-89), was born. [see Jul 18]
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1911        Jul 5, George Pompidou, Prime Minister of France, 1968, was born.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1923        Jul 5, Edward Robeson Taylor (b.1838), former mayor of San Francisco (1907-1910), died. Taylor, a doctor and lawyer, had also served as dean of Hastings College of the Law and was a founder of the Book Club of California as well as a published poet.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Robeson_Taylor)

1924        Jul 5, Janos Starker, cellist (Chic Symph 1953-58), was born in Budapest, Hungary.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1932        Jul 5, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar became premier and dictator of Portugal.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1934        Jul 5, During the West Coast maritime strike Mayor Angelo J. Rossi, a former florist, unleashed the city’s violently anti-union police department on the workers. 33 people were shot with 2 men killed in what came to be called "Bloody Thursday." Police fired into a crowd of strikers at Steuart and Mission streets and killed Howard S. Sperry and Nickolas Bordoise. Another 109 strikers were wounded. Police had tried to escort scabs to the docks. Civil liberties attorneys Ernest Besig (d.1998 at 94), and Chester Williams were called in from New York. They founded a local American Civil Liberties Union and sued SF and Oakland for failure to protect striker’s First Amendment rights.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W31)(SFC, 11/21/98, p.C2)(SFC, 9/27/02, p.D11)(SSFC, 7/3/11, DB p.38)

1935        Jul 5, President Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act), which provided for a National Labor Relations Board and authorized labor to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining. The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) was created by a statute as an independent federal agency that conducts secret-ballot elections to determine whether employees desire union representation.  This inaugurated the "pink decade" of Soviet espionage and penetration of America's labor movement by Communists.
    (WSJ, 5/12/97, p.A15)(AP, 7/5/97)(SFC, 11/27/99, p.C4)(SSFC, 1/11/04, p.M6)

1937        Jul 5, Joe DiMaggio hit his 1st grand slammer.
    (MC, 7/5/02)
1937        Jul 5, SPAM was unveiled by Hormel Foods. It was precooked pork and ham in a can, with a little potato starch, salt, and sugar. Sodium nitrate was added to keep it pink; without it, pork tends to turn gray. At 10 cents a can it was a big hit.
    (http://tinyurl.com/pzr4hu8)
1937        Jul 5, There was a Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1940        Jul 5, During World War II, Britain and Marshal Henri Petain's Vichy government in France broke diplomatic relations.
    (AP, 7/5/97)(HN, 7/5/98)

1941        Jul 5, German troops reached the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1942        Jul 5, 1st performance of Heitor Villa-Lobos' Choros 6/9/11.
    (MC, 7/5/02)
1942        Jul 5, Ian Fleming graduated from a training school for spies in Canada.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1943        Jul 5, US invasion fleet (96 ships) sailed to Sicily.
    (MC, 7/5/02)
1943        Jul 5, The battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in history, began as German tanks attacked the Soviet salient.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1944        Jul 5, The Japanese garrison on Numfoor, New Guinea, tried to counterattack but was soon beaten back by U.S. forces.
    (HN, 7/5/98)

1945        Jul 5, US General Douglas MacArthur announced that the liberation of the Philippines from its Japanese occupiers was complete.
    (MC, 7/5/02)
1945        Jul 5, Clement Atlee’s Labour Party won the British parliamentary election.
    (http://tinyurl.com/yk38nh)(Econ, 4/13/13, p.26)

1946        Jul 5, The bikini bathing suit, created by former civil engineer Louis Reard, made its debut during a fashion show at the Molitor Pool in Paris. Model Micheline Bernardini wore the skimpy two-piece outfit. Its name correlated with the July 1 American atom bomb test on Bikini Atoll. Réard wanted his design to have a similar explosive affect. According to New York Times columnist William Safire, the swimsuit caused more debate, concern and condemnation than the atomic bomb.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.D17)(TMC, 1994, p.1946)(AP, 7/5/97)(SFEC, 1/17/99, Z1 p.1)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R14)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R14)(HNQ, 4/6/02)
1946        Jul 5, The US Lanham Act was enacted. It in part prohibited trademarks from being used in ways that are likely to confuse consumers.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lanham_Act)(SFC, 11/18/14, p.A8)

1947         Jul 5, Larry Doby signed a contract with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.
    (AP, 7/5/97)
1947        Jul 5, Rancher Mac Brazel found unusual debris 75 miles northwest of Roswell, NM, scattered over an area 300 years wide and ¾ of a mile long. This led to rumors of an alien crash. The military said it was a crashed weather balloon.
    (SSFC, 8/1/04, p.D8)

1948        Jul 5, The pilot episode of “My Favorite Husband," with Lucille Ball, aired. It was entitled “The Cugat's Tenth Wedding Anniversary" It became the gifted redhead’s first regular radio program on CBS. Regular broadcasting began on July 23, 1948 and aired on various nights through March 31, 1951. Through most of its life it was sponsored by Jello.
    (www.geocities.com/TelevisionCity/6066/epguhuby.html)
1948        Jul 5, Britain's National Health Service Act went into effect, providing government-financed medical and dental care. Aneurin Bevan, Welsh Labour minister of health, was its political founder. The first NHS patient was treated at Trafford hospital near Manchester.
    (AP, 7/5/98)(Econ, 5/7/11, p.62)

1950        Jul 5, American forces engaged the North Koreans for the first time at Osan, South Korea.
    (HN, 7/5/98)
1950        Jul 5, Private Kenneth Shadrick of Skin Fork, West Virginia, became the first US serviceman to die in the Korean War.
    (AP, 7/5/00)
1950        Jul 5, Salvatore Giuliano (b.1922), Sicilian bandit, was shot by police in Castelvetrano.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvatore_Giuliano)

1951        Jul 5, Dr. William Shockley invented junction transistor at Murray Hill, NJ.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1954        Jul 5, Elvis Presley's first commercial recording session took place at Sun Records in Memphis, Tenn.; the song he recorded was "That's All Right (Mama)."
    (AP, 7/5/97)
1954        Jul 5, The B-52A bomber made its maiden flight.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1955            Jul 5, By this day, a day before Bill Haley’s 30th birthday, "Rock Around the Clock" topped the US billboards chart and stayed there for 8 weeks. The film “Blackboard Jungle," released in March, helped propel it to the top.
    (www.rockabillyhall.com/RockClockTribute.html)

1956        Jul 5, France raised the tobacco tax 20% to support war in Algeria.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1959        Jul 5, Ben-Gurion's Israeli government resigned.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1962        Jul 5, Algeria’s Provisional Executive proclaimed July 5, the 132nd anniversary of the French entry into Algeria, as the day of national independence. French Pres. Charles De Gaulle had pronounced Algeria an independent country on Jul 3 following the July 1 elections.  A massacre in Oran, Algeria, left 96 dead.
    (www.onwar.com/aced/data/alpha/falgeria1954.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/a5ky8)

1966        Jul 5, National Guard was mobilized in Omaha after a 3rd night of rioting.
    (MC, 7/5/02)

1969        Jul 5, Wilhelm Backhaus (b.1884), German pianist (Rubinstein-1905), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm_Backhaus)
1969        Jul 5, Walter Gropius (b.1883), architect, founder (Bauhaus school of design), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Gropius)
1969        Jul 5, Tom Mboya (b.1930) of Kenya’s Luo tribe was assassinated in Nairobi. He was the expected successor to Pres. Jomo Kenyatta (1894-1978).
    (SFC,12/23/97, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Mboya)

1975        Jul 5, Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title as he defeated Jimmy Connors.
    (AP, 7/5/97)
1975        Jul 5, The Cape Verde Islands officially became independent after 500 years of Portuguese rule. Aristides Pereira, a former guerrilla fighter against the Portuguese colonial administration, became head of state following independence. He ruled until 1991 when he lost the country's first democratic elections.
    (SFC, 8/5/9, p.A8)(AP, 7/5/00)(AP, 9/22/11)

1976        Jul 5, In SF the body of Wanda Baun (19), a prostitute, was found dead. She had been stabbed over 50 times. In 2007 Darrell Sweigart was convicted of 2nd degree murder after DNA evidence linked to the murder. He was already serving a 25 year to life sentence for rape and robbery.
    (SFC, 7/4/07, p.B3)

1977        Jul 5, Pakistan's army under Gen Mohammad Zia ul-Haq seized power. The civilian government was ousted by the military and martial law was imposed.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.B3)(SFEC, 8/3/97, p.A15)(www.ppp.org.pk/history.html)

1978        Jul 5, In Ghana Gen’l. Acheampong resigned as head of state. He was succeeded by Lt.-Col. Fred W.K. Akuffo.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)
1978        Jul 5, A Soviet Soyuz spacecraft touched down safely in Soviet Kazakhstan with its two-member crew, including the first Polish space traveler -- Major Miroslaw Hermaszewski.
    (AP, 7/5/98)

1980        Jul 5, In Mauritania, a west African republic, the regime of colonel Ould Haidalla decreed the abolition of slavery and the imposition of the Islamic Sharia Law. Prior to the 1980 abolition, slavery had been declared illegal in 1960 and 1966, but only on paper.
    (WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A10)(www.cwo.com/~lucumi/mauritania.html)

1983        Jul 5, Harry James (b.1916), American band leader and trumpet player, died, He is best remembered for his hit "You Made Me Love You." In 1999 Peter J. Levinson authored “Trumpet Blues: The Life of Harry James."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_James)(SFC, 11/18/08, p.B4)

1984        Jul 5, The Supreme Court weakened the 70-year-old "exclusionary rule," deciding that evidence seized with defective court warrants could be used against defendants in criminal trials.
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1986        Jul 5, Statue of Liberty was reopened after being refurbished.
    (http://www.nps.gov/archive/stli/prod02.htm)

1987        Jul 5, Pat Cash of Australia defeated Ivan Lendl in straight sets to win the Wimbledon men's singles final.
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1988        Jul 5, US Attorney General Edwin Meese III announced he would resign, saying he had been vindicated by an independent prosecutor's 14-month probe into his official conduct.
    (AP, 7/5/98)

1989        Jul 5, Former National Security Council aide Oliver North received a $150,000 fine and a suspended prison term for his part in Iran-Contra. The convictions were later overturned.
    (AP, 7/5/99)
1989        Jul 5, South-African Pres Pieter Botha visited ANC leader Nelson Mandela.
    (www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/mandela/etc/cron.html)

1990        Jul 5, NATO leaders opened a two-day meeting in London to revise the alliance’s strategy in light of easing East-West tensions in Europe and the unraveling of the Warsaw Pact.
    (AP, 7/5/00)

1991        Jul 5, A worldwide financial scandal erupted as regulators in eight countries shut down the Bank of Credit and Commerce International, charging it with fraud, drug money laundering and illegal infiltration into the U.S. banking system. BCCI, headquartered in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, failed. It was chartered in Luxembourg and the Cayman Islands and had offices in 70 countries. The ruling family of Abu Dhabi was the major investor and faced huge liability claims from depositors around the world. In 1997 a British court convicted Pakistani shipping tycoon, Abbas Gokal -chairman of the defunct Gulf Group, of a 1.2 billion fraud that led to the collapse. Larry Gurwin later co-authored “False Profits: The Inside Story of BCCI, The World’s Most Corrupt empire."
    (WSJ, 6/11/96, p.A9B)(WSJ, 4/4/97, p.A1)(AP, 7/5/97)(SFEC, 10/11/98, p.A2)(WSJ, 5/1/02, p.AD7)

1992        Jul 5, Leaders of the world's seven richest nations gathered in Munich, Germany, for their 18th annual economic summit. President Bush, en route to the summit, told cheering Poles in Warsaw that "America shares Poland's dream."
    (AP, 7/5/97)
1992        Jul 5, Andre Agassi won his first Grand Slam title, defeating Goran Ivanisevic at Wimbledon.
    (AP, 7/5/97)

1993        Jul 5, President Clinton left Washington for a Group of Seven summit in Japan.
    (AP, 7/5/98)
1993        Jul 5, Harrison E. Salisbury (b.1908), US journalist (NY Times), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harrison_E._Salisbury)
1993        Jul 5, A United Nations team left Iraq after trying for more than a month to persuade the Baghdad government to allow surveillance cameras at two former missile test sites.
    (AP, 7/5/98)
1993        Jul 5, In eight separate incidents, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) kidnapped a total of 19 Western tourists traveling in southeastern Turkey. The hostages, including U.S. citizen Colin Patrick Starger, were released unharmed after spending several weeks in captivity.
    (http://meria.idc.ac.il/journal/2001/issue4/jv5n4a5.htm)

1994        Jul 5, In an attempt to halt a surge of Haitian refugees, the Clinton administration announced it was refusing entry to new Haitian boat people.
    (AP, 7/5/99)
1994        Jul 5, President Clinton set out on a four-nation European trip that included a Group of Seven summit in Naples, Italy.
    (AP, 7/5/99)

1995        Jul 5, More than 100 Grateful Dead fans were injured when a deck on which they were gathered collapsed at a campground near Wentzville, Missouri.
    (AP, 7/5/00)

1996        Jul 5, An essay by SB Stewart discussed the history of Betty Crocker and showed the latest 8th Betty Crocker [General Mills advertising icon]. She was put together from the features of 75 women from around the country.
    (WSJ, 7/5/96, p.A6)
1996        Jul 5, The US government reported the nation's unemployment rate fell to a six-year low to 5.3% in June 1996; nervous investors, fearing higher interest rates, gave the stock market its worst beating in four months, sending the Dow industrials down 114 points.
    (SFC, 7/6/96, p.A1)(AP, 7/5/97)
1996        Jul 5, An LA County woman was identified as the first person in the US to carry the rare AIDS virus strain known as Group O. She was discovered by epidemiologists several months ago. Group O is only detected in 4 of 5 cases with current testing methods. Blood supply tests will need to be changed.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A5)
1996        Jul 5, A cloned lamb, named Dolly (d.2003) after Dolly Pardon, was born in Edinburgh Scotland. The event was not announced until Feb 23, 1997 when it was made public that researchers under Dr. Ian Wilmut at Edinburgh, Scotland, created a clone lamb from adult sheep DNA. In 2001 it was reported that Dolly suffered from arthritis, a sign of premature aging.
    (SFEC, 2/23/96, p.C1)(SFC, 1/5/02, p.A2)(SFC, 2/15/03, p.A2)
1996        Jul 5, A report stated that 740 metric tons of cocaine was being produced each year in South America and that the US took in less than half.
    (WSJ, 7/5/96, p.A4)
1996        Jul 5, The world’s 5 most expensive cities were reported to be in Asia. Tokyo and Osaka kept their No. 1 & 2 position while Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong moved into the top 5.
    (WSJ, 7/5/96, p.A4)
1996        Jul 5, Vival Exports from Vlora, Albania, was sending 6 tons a week of live frogs to Lyon, France. “But how long will this resource last?"
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A12)
1996        Jul 5, In Columbia the government released Jorge Luis Ochoa, aka The Fat Man, from prison after 5 1/2 years for drug-trafficking.
    (SFC, 7/6/96, p.A10)   
1996        Jul 5, In South Africa Anglo American Platinum Corp. fired an additional 7,000 striking workers. That makes the total 28,261 fired workers since the strike began Jun 25.
    (WSJ, 7/5/96, p.A4)
1996        Jul 5, In Tatarstan a new law was enacted that will charge $800 for insulting the president. Subsequent offenses could cost $1400. A printed insult could cost $6,000.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A16)
1996        Jul 5, In Uruguay the Fasano brothers, editor and publisher of the daily La Republica, were jailed for 15 days for printing a story that Paraguay’s president Wasmosy took payments from a hydroelectric project.
    (SFC, 7/5/96, p.A12)

1997        Jul 5, It was reported that as many as 100 paintings and drawings by Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) may be fakes.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.A8)
1997        Jul 5, From Columbus, Ohio, The United Church of Christ decided to unite with 3 other protestant denominations that include the Presbyterian Church, the Reformed Church of America, and the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America.
    (SFEC, 7/6/97, p.B10)
1997        Jul 5, Sixteen-year-old Martina Hingis became the youngest Wimbledon singles champion this century as she beat Jana Novotna in the women's finals. (Charlotte "Lottie" Dod won in 1887 at age 15.)
    (AP, 7/5/98)
1997        Jul 5, NASA scientists brainstormed to fix problems that left Mars Pathfinder's robot rover stuck aboard the lander.
    (AP, 7/5/98)
1997        Jul 5, An editorial stated that Governor Fob James had declared Alabama to be a rights-free zone. In a letter to a federal judge Gov. James stated that the Constitution’s Bill of Rights does not apply to the states.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.A16)
1997        Jul 5, Cambodia's Second Prime Minister Hun Sen launched a bloody coup that toppled First Prime Minister Norodom Ranariddh. The heavy fighting in Phnom Penh indicated the collapse of the fragile coalition.
    (SFEC, 7/6/97, p.A3)(AP, 7/5/98)
1997        Jul 5, From Taiwan it was reported that the ruling party and the opposition pro-independence party had joined behind a plan to change the constitution and scrap the provincial government, a vestige of an old arrangement that considered Taiwan a part of China.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.C2)
1997        Jul 5, In Tokyo top electronics manufacturers agreed on standards for a new computer disk. The new magneto-optical disk will battle against the DVD-RAM disks as the preferred data storage format. Both disks will feature read and rewrite capabilities.
    (SFC, 7/5/97, p.D6)

1998        Jul 5, Pete Sampras won Wimbledon for the fifth time in six years with a 6-7 (2-7), 7-6 (11-9), 6-4, 3-6, 6-2 triumph over Goran Ivanisevic.
    (AP, 7/5/99)
1998        Jul 5, Algeria celebrated independence and put into effect a new law making Arabic the country’s sole official language. The Berber minority struggled to have the government recognize their own language, Tamazight.
    (SFC, 6/27/98, p.A13)(SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A18)
1998        Jul 5, In Bangladesh a memorandum of understanding was signed with the US that would allow Peace Corps volunteers to work here.
    (SFC, 7/6/98, p.A9)
1998        Jul 5, In Hong Kong the 73-year-old Kai Tak Airport closed after 73 years of operation.
    (SFC, 3/18/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 7/5/98, p.A9)
1998        Jul 5, In India the government announced that it would ban all lotteries.
    (SFC, 7/6/98, p.A9)
1998        Jul 5, Voters in Mexico elected governors in 10 states. The PRI won in Chihuahua with Patricio Martinez Garcia and in Durango. The PRD won in Zacatecas with Ricardo Monreal.
    (SFC, 7/4/98, p.A8)(SFC, 7/7/98, p.A9)
1998        Jul 5, In Northern Ireland British forces blocked the Protestant march by the Orangemen outside the main Catholic neighborhood of Portadown. Some 1,000 members of the Orange Order began a protest and threatened violence. Rioting erupted in south-central Belfast.
    (SFC, 7/6/98, p.A1)(AP, 7/5/99)
1998        Jul 5, In the Philippines Pres. Estrada announced that a yacht would be equipped as an office to allow him to spend months in the central Visayas and Mindanao regions.
    (SFC, 7/6/98, p.A9)

1999        Jul 5, President Clinton began a four-day, cross-country tour to promote a plan for drawing jobs and investment to areas that had not shared in the prosperity of the 1990’s.
    (AP, 7/5/00)
1999        Jul 5, It was reported that Norman Nixon (57) of Sarasota, Fla., planned to build a live-at-sea Freedom Ship to house some 50,000 people. The project was estimated at $6 billion. As of 2008 he was still working on realizing his dream. He was also suing several people who fleeced his company out of hundreds of thousands of dollars.
    (SFC, 7/5/99, p.A3)(www.freedomship.com/)
1999        Jul 5, In Fort Campbell, Ky., Pvt. Calvin Glover (18) beat to death Pfc. Barry Winchell (21) with a baseball bat. Glover was later convicted of pre-meditated murder and sentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole.
    (SFC, 12/9/99, p.A1)(SFC, 12/10/99, p.A3)
1999        Jul 5, In China a landslide caused a cave dormitory at a cement factory to collapse in Dengfeng and 17 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/9/99, p.A15)
1999        Jul 5, NATO and Russia resolved their differences and cleared the way for some 3,600 Russian troops to arrive in Kosovo.
    (SFC, 7/6/99, p.A1)
1999        cJul 5, Russian troops attacked some 150 militants in Chechnya and a number of people were killed.
    (WSJ, 7/6/99, p.A1)
1999        Jul 5, In Turkey Rusen Tabanci (19), a PKK suicide bomber, killed herself and injured 17 others in Adana. There were over 30 bombings in the last 2 days.
    (SFC, 7/6/99, p.A8)

2000        Jul 5, At the United Nations, President Clinton signed an international agreement to ban the forcible recruitment of youths as soldiers in armed conflict, and a companion accord to protect children from being forced into slavery, prostitution and pornography.
    (AP, 7/5/01)
2000        Jul 5, Thomas Junta, a hockey father, killed coach Michael Costin (40) following a practice hockey match in Reading, Mass. Junta went on trial in 2001. In 2001 Junta was found guilty of involuntary manslaughter. In 2002 Junta was sentenced 6 to 10 years in prison.
    (SFC, 1/3/02, p.A3)(SFC, 1/11/02, p.A3)(SFC, 1/12/02, p.A1)(SFC, 1/26/02, p.A3)
2000        Jul 5, In Northern Ireland rioting continued for a 4th day to force authorities to allow the Orange Order to parade down Garvaghy Road in Portadown.
    (SFC, 7/6/00, p.A12)
2000        In the Ivory Coast the military reached an agreement with mutinous soldiers. Lump sum payments of $1,600 were promised to soldiers, who had demanded $9000.
    (SFC, 7/6/00, p.A13)
2000        Jul 5, In the Philippines the army carried out a large offensive against Muslim separatists and bombarded the 25,000-acre Camp Abubakar on southern Mindanao.
    (SFC, 7/6/00, p.A13)
2000        Jul 5, The UN Security Council placed a diamond ban on the rebels of Sierra Leone to strangle their ability to finance the civil war. 90% of the diamond mines were in rebel hands.
    (SFC, 7/6/00, p.A12)(AP, 7/5/01)
2000        Jul 5, In Ukraine the Chernobyl nuclear plant drew pledges of $715 million from Western nations for a 5-year project to replace the protective tomb built to close off the 1986 nuclear accident.
    (WSJ, 7/6/00, p.A1)

2001        Jul 5, Pres. Bush appointed Robert S. Mueller III, a US attorney in SF, as the new head of the FBI. If confirmed he would become the 9th director.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 5, Condoleeza Rice, National Security Advisor, and Andrew Card Jr., white House chief of Staff, asked Richard Clarke, head of counter-terrorism, to alert top officials of the country's domestic agencies on increased terrorist threats.
    (SSFC, 4/18/04, p.A5)
2001        Jul 5, Kenneth Williams, an FBI agent in Phoenix, Arizona, wrote to bureau headquarters that al Qaeda could be sending terrorists to train as student pilots. He urged the investigation of Middle Eastern men enrolled in American flight schools. [see Jul 10]
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A19)(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A18)
2001        Jul 5, The US spy plane from China arrived at Dobbins Air Reserve Base in Georgia aboard a Russian Antonov-124 transport plane.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.A9)
2001        Jul 5, Researchers reported that cloned mice have profound genetic abnormalities not apparent at birth.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 5, Ely Callaway (b.1919), founder of Callaway golfing equipment, died. His Big Bertha golf club was launched in 1991.
    (Econ, 4/12/08, p.78)(www.cbc.ca/sports/story/2001/07/05/callaway010705.html)
2001        Jul 5, In the Central African Republic Jean-Pierre Lhomme, a UN security chief, was shot and killed in Bangui as he aided a fellow worker.
    (SFC, 7/7/01, p.B1)
2001        Jul 5, In Germany Hannelore Kohl (68), the wife of Chancellor Kohl, was found dead from suicide in Oggersheim. She suffered from a rare light allergy.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.A18)
2001        Jul 5, Iraq accepted a 5-month UN extension for the oil-for-food program.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.D6)
2001        Jul 5, In Macedonia the government and ethnic Albanian rebels signed a cease-fire agreement under pressure from Western powers. Fighting continued.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.A16)
2001        Jul 5, Scientists at Delft Univ. of Tech. in the Netherlands reported the creation of nanotechnology transistors built from a single molecule.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.B3)
2001        Jul 5, In Russia top journalists at Echo Moskvy resigned to protest a takeover by the Gazprom state monopoly.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.D4)
2001        Jul 5, In South Korea 8 people died when a helicopter crashed into a power tower. Among the dead was Kim Jong-jin, head of the Dongkuk Steel Mill.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, p.D6)
2001        Jul 5, Flooding from Typhoon Durian killed 25 people in Vietnam.
    (WSJ, 7/6/01, p.A1)

2002        Jul 5, Pres. Bush telephoned Afghan Pres. Hamid Karzai to express condolences for the deaths of Afghan civilians killed in a US bombing 4 days earlier that killed 48 civilians.
    (AP, 7/5/03)
2002        Jul 5, The Arkansas state Supreme Court ruled that a law banning sexual relations between people of the same sex was an unconstitutional invasion of privacy.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A5)
2002        Jul 5, The Medina River near San Antonio, Texas, overflowed along with the Guadalupe River and flooding left at least 7 people dead.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 5, Ted Williams (83), baseball Hall of Famer, died in Florida. In 2013 Ben Bradlee Jr. authored “The Kid: The Immortal Life of Ted Williams."
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 12/15/13, p.F3)
2002        Jul 5, A bomb ripped through an open-air market in Larba, 15 miles SE of Algiers on Algeria's independence day, killing 49 people and wounding 36 others.
    (AP, 7/5/02)(SFC, 7/6/02, p.A6)(AP, 7/7/02)
2002        Jul 5, Twenty vehicles piled up in early morning fog in southeastern Brazil, killing at least 13 people, including a pregnant woman and six police officers.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, Croatian Prime Minister Ivica Racan resigned in a political maneuver apparently aimed at forcing a rival party out of his coalition government.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Chechnya rebel ambushes killed 11 Russian soldiers and police officers.
    (SFC, 7/6/02, p.A7)
2002        Jul 5, In southern Egypt a minibus and a truck collided head-on, killing all 18 people aboard the bus.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Guyana the Caribbean Community trading bloc wrapped up a summit that was marred early on by violence and admitted Haiti as its 15th member.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, Former Madagascar President Didier Ratsiraka fled to the Seychelles with his family, apparently ending more than six months of turmoil in his island nation.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Mexico Katy Jurado (78), the actress who played a sultry wildcat in some of the top American films of the 1950s and gained an Academy Award nomination, died.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Somalia a mutiny against a prominent faction leader entered a second day, with street fighting in the city of Baidoa leaving eight militiamen dead and injuring 25 others, including civilians.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Spain a judge froze all bank accounts of Batasuna, the radical Basque political party.
    (SSFC, 7/7/02, p.A18)
2002        Jul 5, The United States has forgiven all of the remaining $21.3 million in debt owed by the Tanzanian government, the U.S embassy said.
    (AP, 7/5/02)
2002        Jul 5, In Turkey 3 police officers and a suspected Islamic militant were killed in a shootout during a raid on an apartment in the southeastern Turkish city of Elazig.
    (AP, 7/5/02)

2003        Jul 5, Serena Williams beat sister Venus for her 2nd straight Wimbledon title.
    (AP, 7/5/04)
2003        Jul 5, Caribbean leaders agreed to establish a commission like the European Union to oversee their 15-member, single market economy, allowing the free movement of goods, services and professional workers.
    (AP, 7/6/03)
2003        Jul 5, In Ramadi, Iraq, an explosion struck a ceremony for Iraqi policemen graduating from US training, killing at least seven recruits and wounding dozens. In Baghdad a British TV journalist was shot dead near the national museum.
    (AP, 7/5/03)(WSJ, 7/7/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 5, In Kuwait Islamists and supporters of the royal-led Cabinet kept their grip the all-male parliament in elections, while liberals urging voting rights for women suffered major losses.
    (AP, 7/6/03)
2003        Jul 5, Police in Namibia reported the recent death of N!xau, the diminutive bushman catapulted to international stardom in the film "The Gods Must Be Crazy" — he was thought to be about 59 years old.
    (AP, 7/5/04)
2003        Jul 5, In Russia 2 women suicide bombers blew themselves up at a giant rock festival in suburban Moscow, leaving 14 victims killed.
    (AP, 7/6/08)
2003        Jul 5, Delegates at a Somali peace conference agreed to create a federal government.
    (AP, 7/6/03)
2003        Jul 5, The WHO removed Taiwan from its list of SARS-infected areas and declared a provisional victory over the epidemic, which had killed 812 people over 5 continents. The economic losses from SARS was later estimated at about $200 billion. SARS was later classified as one of a number of zoonoses, i.e. diseases that come from animals.
    (SSFC, 7/6/03, p.A3)(Econ, 11/19/05, p.84)

2004        Jul 5, Gov. Ed Rendell signed laws authorizing 61,000 slot machines in Pennsylvania, more than any other state except Nevada. Most of the state's share will pay for a $1 billion cut in property taxes a year.
    (AP, 7/5/04)
2004        Jul 5, Ernst Mayr, German-born American biologist, celebrated his 100th birthday. His books included “Evolution and the Diversity of Life" (1976), “The Growth of Biological Thought" (1982), “Toward a new Philosophy of Biology" (1988) and “What Makes Biology Unique" (2204).
    (NH, 5/97, p.8)(SFC, 7/5/04, p.A6)
2004        Jul 5, US military families planned to leave Bahrain in the next few days following reports terrorists were planning attacks here.
    (AP, 7/5/04)
2004        Jul 5, It was reported that India was logging nearly 1000 new AIDS cases a month and that there were an estimated 5.1 million people infected with HIV.
    (SFC, 7/5/04, p.A8)(AP, 7/6/04)
2004        Jul 5, In India a landslide swept a busload of pilgrims into a river in Uttaranchal killing at least 18 people and leaving hundreds of others stranded deep in the Himalayas.
    (Reuters, 7/7/04)
2004        Jul 5, Former army Gen. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) won the first round in Indonesia's presidential election. A Sep 20 showdown set Megawati Sukarnoputri against SBY.
    (SFC, 7/3/04, p.A14)(AP, 7/5/04)(SFC, 7/7/04, p.A3)
2004        Jul 5, US-led coalition forces launched an air strike in the restive city of Fallujah on a suspected safe house used by followers of al-Zarqawi. The attack killed 15 people.
    (AP, 7/6/04)
2004        Jul 5, Rwaida Al Shemre (33), an Iraqi interpreter for the US 3rd Battalion, was assassinated as she was driven to work.
    (SSFC, 8/1/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 5, Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi won an endorsement from his EU colleagues for plans to narrow Italy's budget deficit with $9.2 billion in new spending cuts and tax measures.
    (AP, 7/5/04)
2004        Jul 5, Hugh Shearer (81), a prime minister (1967-1972) in the early stages of Jamaica's independence, died. Shearer had succeeded Donald Sangster, who died in office.
    (AP, 7/5/04)
2004        Jul 5, A suspicious fire gutted Kashmir's oldest educational institution, destroying 30,000 rare books on Islam, including some of the world's oldest copies of the Quran.
    (AP, 7/5/04)
2004        Jul 5, Pres. Fox named Emilio Goicoechea Luna, a business chamber leader and senator, as the new chief of staff, and Ruben Aguilar Valenzuela, a presidential analyst, as media relations chief. The 2 positions were held by Alfonso Durazo who resigned saying that the first lady's political ambitions are out of control and Fox is acting like the autocrats he replaced.
    (AP, 7/6/04)
2004        Jul 5, Voters in Zacatecas, Mexico, elected Amalia Garcia (PRD), the country's first female governor since the end of one-party dominance. Pres. Fox's National Action Party lost badly in Chihuahua and Durango. It finished a distant third in Zacatecas,
    (AP, 7/5/04)
2004        Jul 5, Animal rights activists protested in Pamplona, Spain, on the eve of the start of the famous running of the bulls 'San Fermin' festival.
    (Reuters, 7/5/04)
2004        Jul 5, In Sierra Leone a UN-sponsored war crimes court opened the first trials for rebel military commanders accused in the 10-year campaign for control of the diamond-rich country.
    (AP, 7/5/04)

2005        Jul 5, President Bush thanked Iraq war ally Denmark during a stopover in Copenhagen while en route to an international economic summit in Scotland.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2005        Jul 5, A survey of US sheriffs was released in which most considered methamphetamine as the most serious problem facing their departments.
    (SFC, 7/6/05, p.A2)
2005        Jul 5, Police in Torrance, Ca., arrested 2 men for robbing gas stations. Investigations soon revealed that they were associated with Kevin James, an inmate at California State Prison in Sacramento, a founder of Jamiyyat Ul-Islam Is Saheeh (JIS). The group was planning terrorist attacks in the LA area. Another participant was arrested Aug 2. In 2007 Kevin James (31) and Levar Haley Washington (28) pleaded guilty to conspiring to levy war against the US.
    (SFC, 9/1/05, p.A4)(SFC, 12/15/07, p.A3)
2005        Jul 5, At its Synod in Georgia(US) the United Church of Christ voted to use "economic leverage" to promote peace between Israel and Palestinians and to call for the dismantling of the Jewish state's security fence.
    (AP, 7/6/05)
2005        Jul 5, A judge in Kentucky authorized a $120 million settlement between the Roman Catholic Diocese of Covington and hundreds of victims in child-molesting cases.
    (SFC, 7/6/05, p.A3)
2005        Jul 5, Tropical Storm Cindy moved ashore, pelting the Louisiana coast with sideways rain and intermittent squalls.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2005        Jul 5, James Stockdale (81), ex-POW and 1992 vice-presidential candidate with Ross Perot, died in Colorado. His 1984 autobiography was titled “In Love and War."
    (SFC, 7/6/05, p.B7)
2005        Jul 5, An alliance of Russia, China and central Asian nations called for the US and coalition members in Afghanistan to set a date for withdrawing from member states, reflecting growing unease over America's regional military presence. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization includes China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
    (AP, 7/5/05)
2005        Jul 5, It was reported that French and South African researchers had found that circumcision reduces the risk of AIDS by 70%.
    (WSJ, 7/5/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 5, Albania's opposition party headed by Sali Berisha, the country's former president (1992-1997), took the lead in parliamentary elections, but foreign monitors criticized the vote as falling short of international standards.
    (AP, 7/5/05)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.43)
2005        Jul 5, In Brazil a top official of the ruling Workers' Party stepped down, the second ally of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva to resign this week amid new allegations regarding a bribes-for-votes scandal.
    (AP, 7/5/05)
2005        Jul 5, Workers began removing a field of crosses at Berlin's former Checkpoint Charlie after a privately run museum lost a court battle to keep the memorial to people killed at the East German border during the Cold War.
    (AP, 7/5/05)
2005        Jul 5, In India a suicide bomber blew up a security fence and gunmen used the breach to storm the Ram Janmabhoomi shrine complex in Ayodhya, setting off a two-hour gunbattle that left all six attackers dead. A Hindu mob razed a mosque at the site on Dec 6, 1992. Police later said that the 5 gunmen who attacked the site in Uttar Pradesh state were Islamic militants who came from Pakistan, adding that two gun-runners linked to the assault have been arrested in Kashmir.
    (AP, 7/5/05)(WSJ, 7/6/05, p.A1)(AP, 7/15/05)
2005        Jul 5, At least 100 suspected insurgents, including foreigners, were arrested in a new military operation by US and Iraqi security forces. Insurgents mounted attacks against Arab and Muslim diplomats in Iraq, wounding Bahrain's top envoy in a kidnapping attempt. Pakistan's ambassador also escaped an assault on his convoy.
    (AP, 7/5/05)
2005        Jul 5, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi issued an audiotape announcing the formation of the Omar Brigade to kill Shia. Sunni clerics had recently accused the Shia Badr Brigade of sending hit squads against Sunnis.
    (Econ, 7/16/05, p.41)
2005        Jul 5, A US soldier from Task Force Liberty was killed and two were wounded by a roadside bomb northeast of Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/5/05)
2005        Jul 5, In Kashmir suspected Islamic militants shot dead five people, two of them Indian soldiers guarding the de facto border with Pakistan. The soldiers were killed during a clash with militants near the Line of Control (LoC) that divides Kashmir.
    (AP, 7/6/05)
2005        Jul 5, In Pakistan police arrested 7 men in Chaniot, Punjab province, who a week earlier allegedly kidnapped and gang-raped a married woman in retaliation for her cousin's affair with one of the suspect's daughters.
    (AP, 7/6/05)
2005        Jul 5, Hamas rejected an invitation from Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas to join his government.
    (AP, 7/5/05)
2005        Jul 5, A Peruvian judge ordered the arrest of 118 current and retired military officials for their alleged involvement in the May 14, 1988, massacre of peasants in an Andean village and subsequent violations in the area.
    (AP, 7/6/05)
2005        Jul 5, In the southern Russian region of Dagestan an explosion tore through a police post, killing at least one officer and wounding 3.
    (AP, 7/5/05)
2005        Jul 5, Sudan and two Darfur rebel groups signed a "declaration of principles" aimed at helping bring peace to Darfur, but failed to reach a comprehensive deal to stop the violence that has left tens of thousands dead.
    (AP, 7/6/05)
2005        Jul 5, Thousands of poor ethnic Hmong refugees from Laos were living without shelter in northern Thailand, forced from their homes under a Thai campaign to pressure them to return to their native land. Landlords said the government had set a July 4 deadline for them to evict the some 6,500 refugees from their bamboo shelters.
    (AP, 7/6/05)
2005        Jul 5, The United Arab Emirates (UAR), under international pressure to stop child abuse in a traditional desert sport, banned the use of underage riders in camel racing.
    (AP, 7/5/05)

2006        Jul 5, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Saakashvili and backed Georgia’s bid to join NATO.
    (WSJ, 7/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 5, Japan, the United States and Britain readied a UN Security Council resolution demanding that nations withhold all funds, goods and technology that could be used for North Korea's missile program.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2006        Jul 5, New Jersey's casinos ushered the last of the gamblers away from slot machines and tables, and janitors locked the doors behind them as a state government shutdown claimed its latest victims.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2006        Jul 5, Greg Anderson, weight trainer for Barry Bonds, was sent to federal prison fro refusing to testify before a grand jury investigating Bonds and steroid use.
    (SFC, 7/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 5, Crude oil for August delivery jumped to a record close of $75.19 per barrel. The previous high was $75.15. The DJIA closed down 76 to 11,151.
    (SFC, 7/6/06, p.C1)
2006        Jul 5, Researchers reported that carbon dioxide, the major greenhouse gas, from industrial emissions was raising the acidity of the world’s oceans and threatening organisms that form the base of the entire marine food web.
    (SFC, 7/6/06, p.A4)
2006        Jul 5, Kenneth Lay (b.1942). Enron Corp. founder and chief executive, died of a heart attack at his vacation home in Colorado. He was convicted in May for his role in the in the Houston-based company's downfall.
    (Reuters, 7/5/06)(Econ, 7/8/06, p.81)
2006        Jul 5, Prince Tu'ipelehake (56), a Tongan prince known for promoting political reform in his South Pacific island nation, died in a car crash along with his wife, Princess Kaimana (46) and driver Vinisia Hefa when a teenage driver, Edith Delgado (18), slammed into them on Highway 101 in Menlo Park, Ca. In 2007 Delgado was sentenced to 2 years in jail and 3 years probation.
    (AP, 7/7/06)(SFC, 7/7/06, p.B3)(SFC, 11/6/08, p.B2)
2006        Jul 5, In Afghanistan 3 bombs targeting government workers and security forces exploded in Kabul, killing one bystander and wounding at least 47 other people. A coalition soldier and eight rebels were killed in new clashes in Paktika province. A British soldier and six more militants were killed and six captured in two separate incidents southern Zabul province. The family of Abdul Khaliq, a legislator from Uruzgan province, was fired upon killing Khaliq’s brother-in-law. Khaliq put the blame on American and Australian troops. 
    (AP, 7/5/06)(AFP, 7/6/06)(SFC, 7/8/06, p.A3)
2006        Jul 5, Afghan President Hamid Karzai met Japanese Emperor Akihito in Tokyo and said he wanted to build peace in the war-torn nation so he could some day invite the emperor and empress. Tokyo has provided about $1 billion in assistance for security and development, and in January pledged another $450 million.
    (AP, 7/6/06)
2006        Jul 5, In El Salvador violence broke out after police fired tear gas to disperse students protesting against a hike in electricity rates and public transportation fees. Two officers were killed and 10 others were wounded by gunshots. The next day police arrested Luis Antonio Herrador Funes (37), who allegedly was captured on tape shielding a man who was shooting an M-16 rifle. Police were still looking for the shooter.
    (AP, 7/6/06)
2006        Jul 5, A France court convicted 38 people in a vast party financing scandal centered on Paris City Hall from 1987 to 1993, when Jacques Chirac was mayor.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2006        Jul 5, France beat Portugal 1-0 and will play Italy for Soccer’s World Cup on July 9.
    (WSJ, 7/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 5, Germany's Cabinet approved a 2007 budget that foresees trimming the deficit to comply with EU rules, and the finance minister said Berlin likely would hit the target this year.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2006        Jul 5, In India heavy rains kept schools and colleges shut for a third day and meteorologists forecast more downpours in Bombay, as the nationwide death toll rose to more than 250 since the monsoon began in June.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2006        Jul 5, An Iraqi vice president said kidnappers of a Sunni legislator have demanded the release of all detainees, a timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops and an end to attacks on Shiite mosques in exchange for her freedom.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2006        Jul 5, Israeli leaders authorized troops to move into residential areas of the Gaza Strip as they increase pressure on militants holding an Israeli soldier and look to create a security zone to prevent Palestinians from firing rockets into Israel.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2006        Jul 5, Italian prosecutors said they had arrested two Italian intelligence officers and were seeking four more Americans as part of an investigation into the alleged CIA kidnapping of an Egyptian cleric in Milan in 2003.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2006        Jul 5, Macedonia held parliamentary elections. President Branko Crvenkovski urged a free and fair vote in a country struggling to ease tensions between majority Macedonian Slavs and the ethnic Albanian minority, which makes up about a quarter of the nation's population.
    (AP, 7/6/06)
2006        Jul 5, Mexico’s recount of election results put Lopez Obrador ahead of Louis Calderon with 83% of the votes tallied.
    (WSJ, 7/6/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 5, North Korea test-fired a long-range missile that may be capable of reaching America, but it failed seconds after launch. North Korea also tested shorter range missiles in an exercise the White House termed "a provocation" but not an immediate threat. The early morning tests came as the US celebrated the Fourth of July and just minutes ahead of the US launch of the space shuttle Discovery.
    (AP, 7/4/06)(AP, 7/5/06)(SFC, 7/5/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 5, In southwestern Pakistan security forces backed by helicopter gunships targeted hideouts of tribal militants accused of blowing up gas pipelines and attacking officials, killing 25 suspects in a 2-day operation.
    (AP, 7/5/06)
2006        Jul 5, Venezuela marked its Independence Day showcasing recent arms deals that have alarmed Washington. Pres. Chavez proposed that Mercosur members: Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela, Uruguay and Paraguay, should one day join their militaries to guarantee the region's security.
    (AP, 7/5/06)

2007        Jul 5, In a setback to President Bush's war strategy, GOP stalwart Sen. Pete Domenici said he wanted to see an end to combat operations and US troops heading home from Iraq by spring 2008.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2007        Jul 5, Captain America was laid to rest in the latest issue of Marvel Comics' "Fallen Son." He landed on newsstands in March 1941, nine months before Pearl Harbor, delivering a punch to Hitler on the cover of his first issue.
    (AP, 7/1/07)
2007        Jul 5, It was reported that SF faced a $4.9 billion unfunded liability for health care for retiring city workers. Other local governments and school districts in California also faced unfunded costs.
    (SFC, 7/5/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 5, In Cleveland, Ohio, Terrance Hough (35), an off-duty fireman angered by a noisy Fourth of July party, shot and killed 3 people.
    (SFC, 7/6/07, p.A7)
2007        Jul 5, Kerwin Mathews 81, film star, died in SF. His 32 films included “The 7th Voyage of Sinbad" (1958) and “The 3 Worlds of Gulliver" (1960).
    (SSFC, 7/8/07, p.B6)
2007        Jul 5, Kingsley Wightman (91), longtime math and astronomy teacher at Chabot Space & Science Center in Oakland, Ca., died (www.chabotspace.org).
    (SFC, 7/9/07, p.C4)
2007        Jul 5, A suicide bomber in southern Afghanistan blew himself up at a checkpoint, killing 10 police and wounding 11. A roadside bomb and clashes in the east left 3 NATO soldiers dead. In Uruzgan province 33 Taliban fighters were killed.
    (AP, 7/6/07)(AFP, 7/6/07)(AP, 7/7/07)
2007        Jul 5, Ali Asgar Lobi, a former Bangladeshi MP who dodged more than 2.4 million dollars in unpaid tax, was sentenced to eight years in jail.
    (AFP, 7/5/07)
2007        Jul 5, A Belgian court sentenced Bernard Ntuyahaga (55), a former Rwandan army major, to 20 years in prison on for the murder of 10 Belgian peacekeepers and an undetermined number of Rwandan civilians at the start of the 1994 genocide.
    (Reuters, 7/5/07)
2007        Jul 5, British media reported that a Scottish house had been used as a makeshift bomb factory to carry out the terror attacks in London and Scotland. Three "cyber-jihadis" who used the Internet to urge Muslims to wage holy war on non-believers were jailed for between six-and-a-half and 10 years in the first case of its kind in Britain. Morocco-born Younis Tsouli (23), an al-Qaida-inspired computer expert who dubbed himself "the jihadist James Bond," was sentenced to 10 years in prison for running a network of extremist Web sites. Accomplices Tariq al-Daour and Waseem Mughal also got prison terms.
    (AP, 7/5/07)(AFP, 7/5/07)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.29)
2007        Jul 5, Two thieves showed up at a London jeweler in a flashy car and made off with an even flashier haul, stealing about $20 million worth of diamonds and gems.
    (AP, 7/11/07)
2007        Jul 5, The Bank of England raised its key interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point to 5.75 percent, the fifth increase this year, in an attempt to curb inflation.
    (AP, 7/5/07)
2007        Jul 5, George Melly, English jazzman and writer, died in London of lung cancer.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.92)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Melly)
2007        Jul 5, China's Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi visited Indonesia and said their countries should cooperate to defend the interests of developing nations as they work to enhance bilateral ties.
    (AFP, 7/5/07)
2007        Jul 5, Over a million people marched in Bogota, Colombia, to protest kidnappings and the recent killing of abducted politicians.
    (SFC, 7/6/07, p.A10)
2007        Jul 5, France’s Agriculture Ministry said 3 swans found dead in a pond in eastern France have tested positive for the H5N1 strain of bird flu.
    (AP, 7/5/07)
2007        Jul 5, Regine Crespin (80), the French opera great who took her personal magnetism and soprano voice to the world's leading stages, died.
    (AP, 7/5/07)
2007        Jul 5, Shares of top real-estate firm DLF, which raised 2.24 billion dollars in India's biggest ever public share offering, leapt 36% on their first day of trade before retreating.
    (AP, 7/5/07)
2007        Jul 5, Human Rights Watch released a report saying Indonesian security forces have killed and beat unarmed civilians, and on two occasions raped women during recent operations against separatists in Papua province. The 96-page report detailed 8 alleged killings by police and military officers in the province's central highlands since 2005 and several vicious beatings.
    (AP, 7/5/07)
2007        Jul 5, In northern Iran Jafar Kiani, a man convicted of adultery, was stoned to death in Aghchekand, the first time in years that the country has confirmed such an execution.
    (AP, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 5, In southern Baghdad 18 people died after a car bomb blew up outside a photo shop where a wedding party waited as newlyweds had their pictures taken. Security forces found 24 bodies around Baghdad. US forces killed one militant and wounded 6 others in Sadr City. A bomb in Baghdad killed 2 US soldiers. 2 US Marines were killed in western Anbar province and a US soldier died in Baghdad.
    (SFC, 7/6/07, p.A3)(AP, 7/7/07)
2007        Jul 5, Israeli troops crossed into the Gaza Strip and engaged Hamas militants in a fierce gunbattle that drew in Israeli aircraft, tanks and bulldozers. 11 militants were killed. A cameraman for Hamas TV, who lay wounded on the ground, came under more fire during a clash with Israeli troops. The shooting was captured on film and broadcast on al-Jazeera satellite television. Imad Ghanem had to have both legs amputated as a result of his injuries. Israel repatriated 4 Jordanian infiltrators who were serving life sentences in Israeli prisons for killing Israeli soldiers.
    (AP, 7/5/07)(AP, 7/6/07)(AP, 7/7/07)
2007        Jul 5, Japanese police arrested an American sailor on suspicion of attempted murder after two women were stabbed near a naval base south of Tokyo. In 2008 a Japanese court found sailor Joshua David Williams (20) guilty of stabbing the two Japanese women sentenced him to eight years in prison.
    (AP, 7/5/07)(AP, 6/19/08)
2007        Jul 5, Mine workers across Mexico waged a 24-hour strike, hoping to achieve better safety standards and to improve collective labor's footing in the industry.
    (AP, 7/6/07)
2007        Jul 5, In Mexico a small cargo jet failed to take off in Culiacan and barreled onto an adjacent highway, killing at least 9 people, including two soldiers assigned to the Mexican president's security detail.
    (AP, 7/6/07)
2007        Jul 5, In Nigeria kidnappers snatched the 3-year-old daughter of a British worker as she was being taken to school.
    (AP, 7/5/07)
2007        Jul 5, Peruvian public school teachers walked off the job to protest an education reform proposal that would require them to pass periodic competency exams. Education Minister Jose Antonio Chang called the effort a failure, saying only 15% of Peru's approximately 350,000 teachers failed to show up for work in the country.
    (AP, 7/6/07)
2007        Jul 5, In the southern Philippines 9 inmates fled jail after attacking guards. Pursuing police officers fatally shot three of the escaped convicts and recaptured four others. Two other inmates from the jail in southern Cagayan de Oro city remained at large.
    (AP, 7/6/07)
2007        Jul 5, Larisa Arap, a member of a Russian opposition group, was hospitalized in a psychiatric facility for criticizing a clinic's use of violence against mentally ill patients.
    (Reuters, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 5, Thailand's military junta unveiled a new outline constitution with controversial proposals that could limit the role of any future elected prime minister.
    (AFP, 7/5/07)

2008        Jul 5, Kent Couch (48), a gas station owner, flew a lawn chair rigged with helium-filled balloons more than 200 miles across the Oregon desert, landing in a field in Idaho. He used his trusty BB gun to help him return to Earth.
    (AP, 7/6/08)(www.couchballoons.com/)
2008        Jul 5, In Afghanistan a clash killed seven Taliban and two police in Helmand province. Five other officers were wounded during the fight in Nawa district. A Canadian military medic was killed when an explosive device detonated in the Panjwayi District.
    (AP, 7/6/08)(Reuters, 7/7/08)
2008        Jul 5, Argentina's lower house of Congress approved a package of grain-export taxes that have sparked nationwide farm protests and food shortages.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, A small boat packed with at least 148 illegal immigrants from Africa landed on a beach in the Canary Islands.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, In northern China an apparent blast at a coal mine killed 21 workers at the Wujiu coal mine outside Datong city in Shanxi province. In central China a four-story building under construction in a suburb of Wuhan city collapsed and killed eight people.
    (AP, 7/6/08)
2008        Jul 5, Dagestan's Interior Ministry says three policemen were wounded when a bomb went off near their vehicle in the town of Khasavyurt.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, In northern India flooding, house collapses and lightning strikes from heavy rains killed at least 14 people, raising the reported death toll in the annual monsoon season to 79.
    (AP, 7/6/08)
2008        Jul 5, In Ingushetia a police officer was killed and another was injured when their armored vehicle came under grenade fire.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, An Iranian government spokesman says the country's nuclear program remains unchanged, indicating that Tehran has no plans to stop enriching uranium.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, The last major remnant of Saddam Hussein's nuclear program — a huge stockpile of concentrated natural uranium, reached a Canadian port to complete a secret US operation that included a two-week airlift from Baghdad and a ship voyage crossing two oceans. In Iraq one American soldier died of a non-combat cause.
    (AP, 7/6/08)(AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, In northern Japan more than 1,000 people marched to protest an upcoming summit of the G8 industrialized countries. Police arrested four protesters after a brief scuffle.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, In Kashmir thousands of protesters clashed with police in Srinagar over allegations that government forces set fire to Jenab Sahib, a local Muslim shrine.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, Macedonia’s leading party said PM Nikola Gruevski has agreed to form a coalition government with the main ethnic Albanian party to aim at getting its NATO and EU bids back on track.
    (Reuters, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, Nigerian officials said radioactive materials in abandoned mining fields in central Nigeria's Plateau state pose a serious health hazard to two million people. Police said Nigeria has deployed troops in the remote southeastern state of Ebonyi after 14 people were killed and scores of buildings destroyed in clashes between rival groups feuding over land.
    (AP, 7/5/08)(Reuters, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, Pakistan's Foreign Ministry insisted that its nuclear proliferation case was closed, a day after the disgraced architect of its atomic program claimed the army under President Pervez Musharraf helped spread the technology to North Korea in 2000. A government official said Pakistani security forces have eased an operation against insurgents in a tribal region near the border with Afghanistan as local elders try to negotiate peace with a militant leader.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, South Korean police said about 50,000 people protested in Seoul against a US beef import deal and the policies of the new president, whose government has faced weeks of street rallies.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, In Sri Lanka clashes were reported in several villages in Vavuniya district where 12 rebels were killed. 3 rebels were killed in Mannar and 4 rebels and a soldier were killed in Welioya.
    (AP, 7/6/08)
2008        Jul 5, In southern Thailand suspected insurgents shot up a bustling cafe, killing three customers and injuring four others.
    (AP, 7/5/08)
2008        Jul 5, In northern Yemen an explosion at the main post office building of Saada killed at least five people.
    (AP, 7/5/08)

2009        Jul 5, In Florida 2 monorail trains crashed in the Magic Kingdom section of Walt Disney World, killing one train's operator.
    (AP, 7/5/09)
2009        Jul 5, John Bachar (b.1957), free-style rock climber, fell to his death from a dike wall in the eastern Sierra near Mammoth Lakes, Ca.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.84)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bachar)
2009        Jul 5, Terry Herbert (55), an unemployed treasure hunter, unearthed the biggest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold and silver ever found in a country field in Staffordshire. The trove of at least 1,350 items, including five kilos (11 pounds) of gold and a smaller amount of silver, was found by Herbert with a metal detector near his home in Burntwood, some 15 miles north of Birmingham. It is believed to date from the seventh century AD, and may have belonged to Saxon royalty. It was later valued at more than three million pounds, to be split equally between the man who found it and the owner of the land.
    (AFP, 9/24/09)(AFP, 11/26/09)(www.nydailynews.com/topics/Terry+Herbert)
2009        Jul 5, Bulgaria held parliamentary elections. The Conservative opposition center-right GERB party, led by ex-wrestler Boyko Borisov, won elections with 39.7% of the vote as voters punished the governing Socialists for failing to crack down on corruption.
    (Reuters, 7/5/09)(AP, 7/6/09)(Econ, 7/11/09, p.52)(Econ, 1/9/10, p.51)
2009        Jul 5, In China’s far west protesters from a Muslim ethnic group clashed with police, with activists saying police fired shots in the air and used batons to disperse a crowd that had swelled to nearly 1,000. Over the next few days some 192 people were killed and over 800 wounded in protests that roiled Urumqi, the capital of western Xinjiang province. State media said at least 20 people have died and more than 670,000 had to be evacuated in China after torrential rain and floods destroyed houses, damaged roads and caused rivers to overflow.
    (AP, 7/5/09)(AFP, 7/5/09)(Time.com, 7/6/09)(AP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 5, Guinea-Bissau said the second round of presidential elections has been brought forward to July 26 to enable farmers to continue harvesting unhindered.
    (AFP, 7/5/09)
2009        Jul 5, Honduras' ousted President Manuel Zelaya said he was getting on a flight home to reclaim his post, accompanied by the UN General Assembly president and a group of journalists. The interim government said it ordered the military to prevent the landing of Zelaya's plane. Soldiers clashed with thousands of Zelaya backers massed at the airport in hopes of welcoming home the deposed leader removed a week earlier. Isis Obed Murillo Mencia (19) was killed by soldiers as a crowd tried to break through an airport fence. Pilots of the plane loaned by Venezuelan Pres. Hugo Chavez circled the airport and decided not to risk a crash.
    (AP, 7/5/09)(AP, 7/6/09)(SFC, 7/7/09, p.A3)
2009        Jul 5, Iran said it has released a British-Greek journalist held for more than two weeks following its disputed presidential elections as dissent continued. Ali Reza Beheshti, the son of a prominent Iranian revolutionary icon, made a rare public push for President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's removal from office. The Assembly of Qom Seminary Scholars and Researchers, a pro-reform Iranian clerical group, said the outcome of last month's presidential vote was "invalid," even though Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has upheld the result.
    (AP, 7/5/09)(Reuters, 7/5/09)
2009        Jul 5, In Iraq an attack on the checkpoint in western Baghdad killed two Iraqi police officers and three soldiers.
    (AP, 7/6/09)
2009        Jul 5, Mexicans voted in midterm congressional elections. The old Institutional Revolutionary Party made a big comeback in defiance of those who had written off what is still the country's biggest and most representative party. The PAN will lose some of its 206 seats in the lower house, and the PRI stands to more than double its 106 seats.
    (AP, 7/5/09)(AP, 7/6/09)
2009        Jul 5, Nigerian rebels announced they had launched a fresh attack on an oil facility run by the Anglo-Dutch group Shell in the restive Niger Delta. The militants destroyed a Chevron oil pipeline junction in the latest attack on Nigeria's key money earner since the government offered an amnesty.
    (AP, 7/5/09)(AFP, 7/6/09)
2009        Jul 5, Pakistani fighter jets targeted suspected Taliban hide-outs in a tribal region near Afghanistan, killing as many as six people in North Waziristan. Gunship helicopters shelled militant hideouts at Mangaltan area of Charbagh town. At least ten militants were killed in the shelling. At least three militants were killed and many injured in shelling in the Orakzai region. Elsewhere in the northwest, two bomb explosions killed two people and wounded 15 more in Upper Dir district.
    (AP, 7/5/09)(AFP, 7/5/09)
2009        Jul 5, In the southern Philippines suspected Muslim guerrillas detonated a bomb near a Roman Catholic cathedral in Cotabato city, killing at least five people and wounding 46.
    (AP, 7/5/09)
2009        Jul 5, In Somalia heavy shelling between rebels and government forces near the presidential palace killed at least 12 people. PM Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke looked for help from more African Union peacekeepers.
    (AP, 7/5/09)
2009        Jul 5, An official Zimbabwe newspaper reported that the government has promised to withdraw soldiers from diamond fields in the east, a week after a rights group alleged the military was committing killings and abuses in the area.
    (AP, 7/5/09)

2010        Jul 5, US government estimates said the first stage of President Barack Obama's health care overhaul would provide coverage to about 1 million uninsured Americans by next year. Many others, more than 100 million people, are getting new benefits that improve their existing coverage.
            (AP, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, The US deported Imam Ahmad Afzali to Saudi Arabia. He had admitted to lying to the FBI during an investigation into a suicide bomb plot against NYC subway stations in 2009.
            (SFC, 7/6/10, p.A4)
2010        Jul 5,  BP's costs for the Gulf of Mexico oil spill climbed nearly half a billion dollars in the past week, raising the oil giant's tab to just over $3 billion for work on cleaning and capping the gusher and payouts to individuals, businesses and governments. Tar balls from the Gulf oil spill found on a Texas beach were the first evidence that gushing crude from the Deepwater Horizon well has reached all the Gulf states.
            (AP, 7/06/10)
2010        Jul 5, Newspapers reported that at least $4.2 billion in cash have left Kabul airport in the past three-and-a-half years, raising fresh concerns about corruption in war-torn Afghanistan.
            (AFP, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, Australia's new leader launched a plan to make East Timor a hub for processing asylum seekers fleeing war and persecution across Asia while a debate rages in her country over illegal migration.
            (AP, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, In Australia Brendan Sokaluk pleaded not guilty to charges that he deliberately started one of the deadly wildfires that swept through southern Australia last year. The fires in Victoria state in February 2009 were Australia's deadliest, killing 173 people and destroying more than 2,000 homes. Brendan Sokaluk is accused of starting one blaze that investigators say killed 10 people.
            (AP, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, Belarus signed a customs union with Russia and Kazakhstan.
    (Econ, 7/24/10, p.53)
2010        Jul 5, Brazil’s Pres. Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva wrapped up a state visit to Equatorial Guinea (Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial), which included the signing of multiple cooperation agreements, economic meetings, and festivities.
            (PR Newswire, 7/6/10)
2010        Jul 5, In Ottawa the operator of a dormant Canadian nuclear reactor that once supplied a third of the world's medical isotopes formally applied to restart the plant, saying it was safe again after lengthy repairs. Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd shut down the aging Chalk River facility in eastern Ontario in May 2009 after discovering a leak of heavy water, used as a moderator and coolant in the reaction process.
            (Reuters, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, In Canada a fire at a Toronto transformer station knocked out power to much of the city, snarling traffic in the midst of a blistering heatwave. The outage hit around 4:45 p.m. on the hottest day of the year so far in Toronto.
            (Reuters, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, The Central African Republic said it has called on the United States for military support to help "neutralize" LRA rebels terrorizing the country.
            (AFP, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, In China Xue Feng (44), an American geologist detained and tortured by China's state security agents over an oil industry database, was sentenced in Beijing to 8 years in jail.
            (SFC, 7/6/10, p.A3)
2010        Jul 5, In Cairo, Egypt, religious liberal Nasr Abu Zayd (66), a Koranic scholar declared an apostate for challenging mainstream Muslim views on the holy book, died.
            (Reuters, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, Authorities in Iceland exhumed the body of American chess champion Bobby Fischer to determine whether he is the father of a 9-year-old girl from the Philippines.
            (AP, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, In Tbilisi, Georgia, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton pledged US support for the former Soviet state.
            (AP, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, It was reported that three decades of wars, massacres and sectarian killings in Iraq have left as many as a million widows. More than 100,000 lost their husbands in the US-led invasion and violent aftermath. The struggling postwar government was of little help.
            (AP, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, Israel dropped its long-standing restrictions on allowing consumer goods into the Gaza Strip but retained limits on desperately needed construction materials. Thousands of marchers brought the cultural and financial capital to a standstill, urging the government to do whatever it takes to win freedom for a soldier captured four years ago by Gaza militants. Near Israel's border with Gaza, thousands more gathered for a concert led by a world-famous conductor to press Hamas to let the Red Cross visit the soldier for the first time.
            (AP, 7/05/10)(AP, 7/06/10)
2010        Jul 5, In Kosovo a gunman wounded legislator Petar Miletic (35), a Serb member of Kosovo’s parliament, as he walked out of his home in Mitrovica.
            (SFC, 7/6/10, p.A2)
2010        Jul 5, Mexico’s Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which ruled for seven decades before voters threw it out a decade ago, gained some momentum in state elections where the dominant issue was the country's skyrocketing drug violence. Police found the decapitated bodies of three men inside a burned-out car in the drug gang-plagued Mexican state of Sinaloa. The heads had been put on the vehicle's hood.
            (McClatchy, 7/05/10)(AP, 7/05/10)
2010        Jul 5, Nigeria’s anti-human trafficking agency ruled that it lacks sufficient evidence to criminally charge Senator Ahmed Sani Yerima (49) for marrying a 13-year-old Egyptian girl, the daughter of his driver, to whom Yerima allegedly paid a $100,000 dowry.
            (AP, 5/11/10)(SFC, 7/6/10, p.A2)
2010        Jul 5, In Pakistan a Taliban suicide bomber detonated his explosives at a paramilitary base killing one soldier and wounding at least 7 others. The army said it killed Taliban commander Amir Ullah Mehsud during a clash in Miran Shah.
            (SFC, 7/6/10, p.A2) 
2010        Jul 5, A Romanian military plane crashed near the Black Sea, killing 10 people and injuring three. The Antonov AN-2 plane with 13 people on board took off for parachuting training and crashed soon after takeoff.
            (AP, 7/5/10)
2010        Jul 5, In Venezuela Carlos Alberto "Beto" Renteria (65), last remaining fugitive capo of Colombia's Norte del Valle drug cartel, was arrested after he traveled to Margarita Island. The next day Pres. Chavez announced that would be extradited to the US, which has offered a $5 million reward for information leading to his arrest. The cartel is accused in a 2004 US indictment of shipping some 500 metric tons of cocaine to the US beginning in 1990.
            (AP, 7/7/10)

2011        Jul 5, In Arizona a monster dust storm moved through the state halting airline flights and knocking out power to nearly 10,000 people.
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 5, A bill to require California public schools to teach the historical accomplishments of gay men and lesbians passed the state Legislature on a vote of 49-25, without a single Republican supporting it.
    (Reuters, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, California police killed Manuel Ramos (37), a mentally ill, homeless man, during a violent confrontation at the Fullerton Transportation Center. In September 2 police officers were charged with killing Ramos. The beating was captured on video.
    (SFC, 9/27/11, p.A9)
2011        Jul 5, Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal said award-winning gains by Atlanta students were based on widespread cheating by 178 named teachers and principals. His office released a report from the Georgia Bureau of Investigation that named 178 teachers and principals – 82 of whom confessed – in what's likely the biggest cheating scandal in US history.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3q26c6q)
2011        Jul 5, In Florida Casey Anthony (25) was found not guilty of killing her 2-year-old daughter three years ago in a case that captivated the nation as it played out on national television from the moment the toddler was reported missing. She was convicted of only four counts of lying to investigators looking into the June 16, 2008, disappearance of her daughter Caylee, whose body was found in nearby woods six months later.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, Edward Hastings, former artistic director of the SF-based American Conservatory Theater (1986-1992), died at his home in New Mexico.
    (SFC, 7/7/11, p.C5)
2011        Jul 5, Theodore Roszak (b.1933), American writer, died in Berkeley, Ca. His books included “The making of a Counter-Culture" (1969) and “Where the Wasteland Ends" (1972).
    (SFC, 7/13/11, p.C4)
2011        Jul 5, Cy Twombly (83), American painter, died in Rome. The Cy Twombly Gallery in Houston, designed by Renzo Piano, opened in 1995.
    (SFC, 7/6/11, p.C7)
2011        Jul 5, In Afghanistan civilians were killed during a fight between insurgents and an Afghan-led security force, which was searching for a leader of the Haqqani network. 13 people — including the Haqqani leader. Provincial authorities in southern Ghazni province said two civilians were killed and one other injured in a military incident.
    (AP, 7/7/11)(AFP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 5, The Bahamas banned commercial fishing of sharks, awarding protection to the more than 40 species circling the island chain that touts itself as the shark diving capital of the world. The ban applies to an estimated 243,000 square miles (630,000 square km) of water surrounding the archipelago.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, In Manama, Bahrain, reconciliation talks between the Sunni monarchy and the Shiite opposition started for the first time since the eruption of anti-government protests.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, British MPs said the Ministry of Defense lost track of £6.3 billion ($10.1 billion, 7 billion euros) of equipment, as they urged the Ministry of Defence to get a grip on stock control.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, News International acknowledged that it gave London’s Metropolitan Police a set of e-mails documenting payments from News of the World journalists in 2003 and after.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.53)
2011        Jul 5, Moody's said China's local government debt burden may be 3.5 trillion yuan ($540 billion) larger than auditors estimated, putting banks on the hook for deeper losses that could threaten their credit ratings.
    (Reuters, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, The World Trade Organization (WTO) ruled that China's export restrictions on raw materials are illegal, upholding complaints by the US, the EU and Mexico.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, Denmark started a controversial plan to boost customs checks on its borders, deploying 50 additional customs officers at crossings with Germany and Sweden.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, An Egyptian court acquitted three Hosni Mubarak-era ministers of corruption charges while finding a fourth guilty in absentia. Judge Mohammed Fathi Sadek found not guilty Ahmed Maghrabi, Yousef Boutros-Ghali and Anas el-Fiqqi, former ministers of housing, finance and information, respectively. The court found former Trade Minister Rachid Mohammed Rachid and two businessmen guilty of squandering public funds and profiteering. Rachid and one of the businessmen were sentenced in absentia to five years in prison.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, The EU announced action against Egyptian bean and seed imports, after tests indicated that a 15-ton batch of Egyptian fenugreek seeds imported in 2009 to Germany and then distributed elsewhere was at the root of an E.coli outbreak that killed 50 people.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 5, French author Tristane Banon (31) filed charges of attempted rape against former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn. The incident took place in 2003. She had first recounted the incident on a 2007 TV show. The charges were dismissed on Oct 13 due to a 3-year statute of limitations.
    (SFC, 7/6/11, p.A5)(SFC, 10/14/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 5, In Greece Pro-Palestinian activists from an international flotilla banned from setting sail for Gaza by Greek authorities occupied the Spanish Embassy in Athens.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, In Guatemala Fernando Marroquin, a San Jose Pinula mayoral candidate, was arrested in Antigua. His rival Enrique Ovalle was gunned down in a car on June 11. Five days later Enrique Dardon, another mayoral candidate, was shot to death in a barber shop. Ballistic evidence implicating two of Marroquin's workers.
    (AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, Police in India arrested a man suspected of killing his 20-year-old daughter, Mukesh, in an apparent "honor killing" after she walked out on an arranged marriage with a man 25 years her senior. She had apparently fled her husband's home in the north Indian state of Haryana and refused to return to him.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, In Iraq double blasts from a car bomb and a roadside bombing at a parking lot outside the Taji city council building north of Baghdad killed 37 people with 54 wounded. On July 19 the Islamic State of Iraq said in a statement posted on its website that it was behind the double bombings in Taji.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A2)(AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 5, Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak called off the impending transfer of the remains of 84 Palestinian militants from an Israeli grave site to the West Bank — just hours after the military confirmed the planned handover. Israeli aircraft fired at Gaza militants about to launch rockets at Israel, killing two.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 5, Jamaica said it has shuttered all citrus nurseries in an attempt to check the spread of bacteria causing the incurable “citrus greening" disease. The bacteria has hobbled citrus production in parts of China and infested millions of trees in Florida and Brazil.
    (SFC, 7/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 5, In Libya shelling by forces loyal to Moamer Kadhafi killed 11 people and wounded dozens more, the majority civilians, around the besieged rebel enclave of Misrata.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, In Mauritania al-Qaida militants attacked a military base in the town of Bassiknou and then fled towards Mali. On July 7 the army said 6 militants were killed with no casualties on the Mauritanian side. The militants said that they had killed 20 soldiers in an ambush late last month in the Wagadou region of Mali. Mauritanian officials said 15 militants and two soldiers were killed.
    (AP, 7/6/11)(AP, 7/7/11)
2011        Jul 5, An appeals judges ruled that the Netherlands was responsible for the deaths of three Bosnian Muslim men slain by Serbs during the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, ordering the Dutch government to compensate the men's relatives.
    (AP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, In Nigeria 11 people were killed and 30 rescued when a four-storey building collapsed in the central business district of Lagos.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)(AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 5, Nine Pakistani soldiers were killed in attacks targeting troops in the militant-infested tribal badlands near Afghanistan and further south on the border with Iran. A bomb attack in Miranshah killed three troops and wounded another 15.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)(AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, In the Philippines Darcy Hans Rentenberg (53), a retired Canadian missionary, was reported missing 10 days after he left his flat in nearby Mandaue city. On July 16 police said they had found his body and arrested a family-of-three who owned the farm where the corpse was buried.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 5, Moody’s Investor Service cut Portugal’s debt to junk status, a decision condemned by all of Europe. Europe Central Bank pres. Jean-Claude Trichet called for a European-based rating agency.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A4)
2011        Jul 5, Sudanese journalist Fatima Ghazali was jailed for a month, and her editor fined, for publishing reports on the alleged rape of Safiya Ishaq, a female opposition activist, by security force personnel after her arrest in Khartoum last February.
    (AFP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, A boat caught fire of Sudan’s northeastern coast and almost 200 African migrants, on their way to Saudi Arabia, were feared drowned. 3 migrants were rescued.
    (SFC, 7/6/11, p.A2)
2011        Jul 5, Syrian troops fired on residents who set up makeshift roadblocks to prevent the advance of tanks ringing the city of Hama. The London-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 14 people were killed in Hama. Another group, the National Organization for Human Rights in Syria said, as many as 22 people were shot dead and more than 80 wounded.
    (AP, 7/5/11)(AP, 7/6/11)
2011        Jul 5, The UN High Commission for Refugees said persistent violence compounded by a serious drought have forced 54,000 Somalis to flee in June, bringing the total number of displaced Somalis to a quarter of the country's population.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)
2011        Jul 5, Yemeni state news said at least 40 militants have been killed in two days of air strikes and clashes with government forces. Authorities arrested the head of a Shiite opposition party, Hassan Zaid, at Sanaa airport as he was headed for the Saudi city of Jeddah. 4 civilians and 6 gunmen were killed in a series of air raids that targeted extremists who have taken control of most of Yemen's southern city of Zinjibar, where the home of the deputy head of the parliament, Mohammed Ali al-Shadadi, was hit by an air strike that killed three family members and injured seven. 4 fighters were killed in an air raid that targeted them in the nearby town of Jaar. Another raid on the road linking Jaar to Zinjibar killed two other militants.
    (AFP, 7/5/11)(SFC, 7/6/11, p.A3)

2012        Jul 5, The United States placed sanctions on six alleged backers of Al-Qaeda-linked Shebab rebels in Somalia, naming them as two Eritrean government officials, a Sudanese national and three Kenyans.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, The first trucks supplying NATO troops in Afghanistan crossed the border from Pakistan after Islamabad ended a seven-month blockade.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Human Rights Watch criticized Angola for its "alarming" crackdown on anti-government protestors amid a growing public show of dissent in the run-up to next month's elections.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Argentina convicted Rafael Videla (86) and Reynaldo Bignone (84), two former dictators, for the systematic stealing of babies from political prisoners 30 years ago. Seven of their co-defendants were also convicted on charges involving the theft of 34 babies.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, In Argentina the interest for small and medium-sized business loans was set to 15 percent a year. Facing clear signs of a looming recession, Argentina's president ordered banks to lend $3.3 billion of their clients' savings at rates below what many believe to be the level of inflation. Many analysts estimated inflation at around 25 percent.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, The British government gave details of major army cuts which will see it lose 20,000 regular soldiers by 2020, taking force levels to their lowest since the early 19th century.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, British police in London arrested 6 people over an alleged plot to launch a terrorist attack. A 7th person, female (22) was arrested on July 7. A woman (30) among the 6 arrested was reported released without charge on July 8.
    (AP, 7/7/12)(AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 5, Europe's tallest skyscraper the Shard was inaugurated in London by Qatari PM Hamad bin Jassem al-Thani, whose country has funded it, and Queen Elizabeth II's son Prince Andrew. The name was coined by its Italian architect Renzo Piano.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Capital Economics, a British-based consultancy, scooped the Wolfson Economics Prize for coming up with the best method for an "orderly exit" of one or more member countries wishing to leave the European Monetary Union.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, London's iconic but derelict Battersea Power Station was acquired by a Malaysian consortium for £400 million ($620 million, 501 million euros).
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Colin Marshall (78), who guided British Airways on its transition from state ownership to privatization, died. He was appointment as chief executive of British Airways in 1983 and was given a knighthood after the airline was privatized in 1987.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 5, China pledged financial aid to Cuba as it undertakes historic economic reforms, promising visiting President Raul Castro a new credit line as well as help in health care and technology. During Raul Castro's four-day visit to China he met President Hu Jintao and secured pledges from Beijing for financial aid, among other measures, to help the country in sectors such as technology and healthcare.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)(AFP, 7/8/12)
2012        Jul 5, The DR Congo's army (FARDC) launched an offensive to rout mutinous armed troops of the March 23 Movement (M23) near the Virunga national park. North Kivu residents reported that M23 rebels attacked and fought army troops to dislodge them from Jomba, the only major village on the road from Bunagana border post to the eastern town of Rutshuru, a border crossing into Uganda and Rwanda. A UN peacekeeper from India was killed in clashes. The entire population of Bunagana and some 600 Congolese troops moved into Uganda.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)(AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, A Dubai court ordered the release on bail of Ohio-raised Zack Shahin (52), who was in jail on fraud charges and has been on a hunger strike since May 14. Shahin, at the time managing director of property developer Deyaar, was arrested in 2008 and charged the following year with embezzling more than 98 million dirhams (then $27 million). Shahin was released on July 12, but was soon caught fleeing the country.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)(AP, 7/13/12)(AP, 9/6/12)
2012        Jul 5, The European Central Bank cut its key interest rate a quarter point to 0.75%. Its rate on deposits dropped to zero percent.
    (SFC, 7/6/12, p.A2)(Econ, 7/14/12, p.66)
2012        Jul 5, India and Pakistan ended two days of peace talks, vowing to keep their dialogue on track despite renewed tensions over the alleged role of Pakistani "state actors" in the 2008 Mumbai attacks.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Iraq's top diplomat said he had "solid information" that al-Qaida militants were crossing from Iraq to Syria to carry out attacks. Explosions in Baghdad and Mosul killed at least six people and wounded 17 more. The Baghdad attack targeted the house of a government official killing his wife and two daughters.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Kuwait's ruler, Sheik Sabah Al Ahmad Al Sabah, reappointed PM Sheik Jaber Al Hamad Al Sabah following his resignation earlier this week, setting the stage for the formation of a new government.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Malaysia reported that police have detained 100 people in nationwide raids on international crime syndicates who bet millions of dollars on the Euro 2012 championship. Police conducted almost 150 raids across the country in May and June in collaboration with officials from China, Macau, Hong Kong and Singapore among other nations.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)   
2012        Jul 5, In Panama the International Whaling Commission rejected a request from Denmark for a whaling quota for indigenous groups in Greenland. Two days earlier it approved the renewal of bowhead whale quotas for indigenous subsistence whaling in Alaska and Russia and for St. Vincent and the Grenadines in the Caribbean. The United States says it doesn't support a South Korean plan to restart whale hunting for purportedly scientific purposes.
    (AP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 5, Russia's chief investigator ordered a review of a closed probe against prominent opposition leader Alexei Navalny, raising the pressure on those leading protests against President Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, South Korean activist No Su-hui (68) was arrested as soon as he set foot on home soil, resisting police in a stunt of defiance after an unapproved, 3-month stay in the North.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Rivals Sudan and South Sudan resumed security talks aimed at easing tensions on the disputed border, after they failed to reach a deal at negotiations last week.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, The Red Cross said rebels in Sudan's Darfur region have freed more than 60 Sudanese soldiers who have been handed over to government authorities.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, In Ukraine some 1,000 opposition activists rallied in Kiev to protest legislation upgrading the status of the Russian language.
    (AP, 7/5/12)
2012        Jul 5, Uganda arrested Thaddee Kwitonda (51), a Belgian citizen of Rwandan origin, in Kampala after police tracked his movements for several months. He was wanted by a court in his adopted homeland for involvement in the 1994 genocide.
    (AFP, 7/6/12)
2012        Jul 5, The UN Security Council passed a resolution calling for sanctions against Al-Qaeda fighters in Mali but again held back giving a UN mandate to a proposed African force in the conflict-stricken country.
    (AFP, 7/5/12)

2013        Jul 5, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber sneaked into a police dining hall in Uruzgan province and blew himself up, killing 12. A border police officer and a civilian were killed in a separate suicide attack in the south.
    (AP, 7/5/13)
2013        Jul 5, The African Union suspended Egypt from membership in the continental body after the military ouster of President Mohammed Morsi.
    (AP, 7/5/13)
2013        Jul 5, Colombia’s state-controlled oil company Ecopetrol said two explosions over the last 24 hours have shut down the 80,000 barrel-per-day Cano Limon-Covenas oil pipeline. A military source describing them as attacks carried out by leftist rebels.
    (AP, 7/6/13)
2013        Jul 5, Egyptian troops opened fire on supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi marching on Republican Guard facility. Islamist gunmen staged multiple attacks on security forces in the troubled Sinai Peninsula. 5 police offers were killed in El Arish. Two soldiers were killed in el-Gorah. At least 36 people were killed in clashes across the country. Khairat el-Shater, the deputy head of the Muslim Brotherhood was arrested along with his brother. In southern Egypt a mob of Muslim extremists rampaged through the village of Nagaa Hassan and killed Emile Naseem (41) with axes and clubs. His nephew escaped. 3 other Christians were stabbed to death as the mob burned dozens of Christian houses in the village.
    (AP, 7/5/13)(Reuters, 7/5/13)(Reuters, 7/6/13)(AP, 7/6/13)(SFC, 7/11/13, p.A2)(Econ, 7/13/13, p.42)
2013        Jul 5, In Iraq a car bomb explosion killed 7 Sunni protesters in Samarra. A suicide bomber killed 15 people as they left a Shi'ite mosque in Baghdad. Protest organizers in Samarra blamed Shi'ite militia for the bombing and said security forces were complicit as the explosives-packed vehicle had passed through several checkpoints.
    (AP, 7/5/13)(Reuters, 7/5/13)
2013        Jul 5, Irish police charged eight men with Irish Republican Army membership after police raided a suspected meeting of the outlaws' Dublin leadership, inflicting what a senior policeman called a major blow to the "New IRA" splinter group.
    (AP, 7/5/13)
2013        Jul 5, Israel targeted advanced anti-ship cruise missiles near Latakia in an air attack targeting a type of Russian-made missile called the Yakhont that Russia had sold to the Syrian government.
    (AP, 7/13/13)
2013        Jul 5, More than 300 Lebanese rallied in the coastal city of Sidon in support of Sheikh Ahmed al-Assir, a fugitive Sunni Islamist cleric, a day after an audio recording believed to be his voice urged followers to demonstrate.
    (Reuters, 7/5/13)
2013        Jul 5, Portugal's PM Pedro Passos Coelho reached a deal with the ruling coalition's junior partner CDS-PP to resolve a rift which has threatened the country's adjustment program under a bailout.
    (Reuters, 7/5/13)
2013        Jul 5, South Sudan accused Sudan's army of launching two separate attacks with planes and land troops on areas near their disputed border, in a new sign of friction between the former civil war foes.
    (Reuters, 7/5/13)
2013        Jul 5, Syrian troops unleashed some of the civil war's heaviest bombardments on the central city of Homs, pounding opposition-held areas with artillery and airstrikes for the sixth straight day.
    (AP, 7/5/13)
2013        Jul 5, Tanzania police said they have arrested Iqbal Ahsan Ali, a British man, suspected of involvement in unspecified "terrorism activities" in Britain.
    (Reuters, 7/6/13)
2013        Jul 5, Pope Francis cleared Pope John Paul II for sainthood, approving a miracle attributed to his intercession and setting up a remarkable dual canonization along with another beloved pope, John XXIII.
    (AP, 7/5/13)
2013        Jul 5, Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela and Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua made offers of asylum for NSA leaker Edward Snowden during separate speeches in their home countries.
    (AP, 7/6/13)

2014        Jul 5, The US Secret Service arrested Roman Valerevich Seleznev (30), a Russian national, in an airport in the Maldives for hacking into US retailers' computer systems to steal credit card data from 2009 to 2011.
    (Reuters, 7/8/14)
2014        Jul 5, California-based World Eco Energy said it has signed a preliminary agreement to invest $1.175 billion (864 million euros) in Iran, in a rare joint commercial project to turn rubbish and human waste into electricity.
    (AFP, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, In Philadelphia, Pa., an infant and three children (4) died as a fire engulfed at least 10 houses.
    (SSFC, 7/6/14, p.A11)
2014        Jul 5, In Afghanistan militants set fire to 200 oil tanker trucks supplying fuel for NATO forces near Kabul.
    (Reuters, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, In Australia six Taiwanese men were arrested for importing Aus$42 million ($39 million) worth of methamphetamine into Australia.  They faced life sentences.
    (AFP, 7/6/14)
2014        Jul 5, In Bahrain police officer Mahmood Fareed died of wounds sustained in a blast, which occurred the day before in the village of Eker, south of the capital, Manama.
    (AP, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, England began hosting the first three stages of the three-week Tour de France race before it enters France.
    (AP, 7/6/14)
2014        Jul 5, In Canada Arthur struck with near-hurricane strength and knocked out power to more than 250,000 customers in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
    (SFC, 7/7/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 5, In northwestern China 17 miners were trapped following a gas explosion at a coal mine in the Xinjiang region. On July 7 official media reported that all 17 had died.
    (AP, 7/6/14)(AP, 7/7/14)
2014        Jul 5, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum said Dubai is launching a project to build an entertainment and hotel district that will include the world's largest shopping mall.
    (Reuters, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, An Egyptian court sentenced Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie to life in prison for inciting violence that erupted after the army deposed Islamist President Mohamed Mursi last year. Some 36 other Brotherhood leaders and supporters were convicted for the same crime.
    (Reuters, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, Egypt's government drastically raised fuel prices to tackle a bloated subsidy system, in a potentially unpopular move that might blow back on newly elected President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi.
    (AFP, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, Iran state media reported that Colonel Shoja'at Alamdari Mourjani has been killed while fighting in Iraq, in what is thought to be Tehran's first military casualty during battles against Islamic State jihadists.
    (AFP, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, Clashes between Israeli police and Palestinian protesters spread from Jerusalem to Arab towns in northern Israel following the funeral of an Arab teenager who Palestinians say was killed by Israeli extremists in a revenge attack. Militants fired 15 rockets and mortar rounds, two of which targeted the southern city of Beersheva some 40 km (25 miles) from the Palestinian territory.
    (AP, 7/5/14)(AP, 7/6/14)
2014        Jul 5, In Kenya at least 22 people were killed in late night attacks by gunmen in the coastal towns of Hindi and Gamba. Al-Qaida-linked militants claimed responsibility but Kenyan officials blamed local separatists.
    (AP, 7/6/14)(Reuters, 7/6/14)(SFC, 7/7/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 5, In Libya Marco Vallisa (54), working in the coastal city of Zwara for Italian building group Piacentini Costruzioni, was kidnapped. On Nov 13 a security source in Libya said Vallisa was freed by an armed militia after they obtained a ransom of around one million euros ($1.25 million).
    (AFP, 11/13/14)
2014        Jul 5, In Somalia 4 people were killed when a car laden with explosives blew up near the parliament building in Mogadishu. Al-Shabab claimed responsibility.
    (AP, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, In Sudan combat between two Arab tribes in the Darfur region killed 18 people. The clash began when a Maaliya killed a Rezeiga.
    (AFP, 7/6/14)
2014        Jul 5, In southern Thailand a raid at a palm plantation exposed a ring that trafficked Myanmar's minority Rohingya Muslims into the country.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 5, Turkish media said Kurdish rebels will begin a stalled withdrawal from Turkey into their safe haven in northern Iraq after parliament passes reforms aimed at ending a decades-long insurgency.
    (AFP, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, Ukraine's forces claimed a significant success against pro-Russian insurgents, chasing them from Slovyansk, one of their strongholds in the embattled east of the country. More than a hundred militiamen were said to have been killed in the last three days.
    (AP, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, In Uganda over 60 suspected insurgents, believed to be Bakonzo, were killed in clashes between security forces and a tribal militia near the country's border with Congo. At least 12 people, mostly police and civilians, were killed by "thugs" armed with guns, spears and machetes.
    (AP, 7/6/14)(AP, 7/7/14)(AP, 7/25/14)
2014        Jul 5, Metropolitan Volodymyr (78), head of Ukraine's Moscow-linked parish of the Orthodox Church, died in Kiev.
    (AP, 7/5/14)
2014        Jul 5, The Yemeni air force bombed Shi'ite Muslim fighters north of Sanaa in fighting that caused a large number of casualties. At least 34 soldiers and 70 Houthis were killed.
    (Reuters, 7/5/14)(Reuters, 7/6/14)

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