Today in History - July 9

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118        Jul 9, Hadrian, Rome's new emperor, made his entry into the city.
    (HN, 7/9/98)

455        Jul 9, Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, became Emperor of the West.
    (HN, 7/9/98)

1401        Jul 9, Timur Lenk, Mongol monarch, destroyed Baghdad.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1536        Jul 9, French navigator Jacques Cartier returned to Saint-Malo from Canada.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1540        Jul 9, England's King Henry VIII had his 6-month-old marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves, annulled.
    (AP, 7/9/97)

1553        Jul 9, Maurice of Saxony was mortally wounded at Sievershausen, Germany, while defeating Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
    (HN, 7/9/98)

1572        Jul 9, In Gorinchem, Netherlands, 19 Catholics were executed during the Dutch war for independence. They became known as “The Martyrs of Gorkum.”
    (SFC, 3/5/11, p.E2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martyrs_of_Gorkum)

1595        Jul 9, Johannes Kepler inscribed a geometric solid construction of universe.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1737        Jul 9, Gian Gastone b.1671), the last Medici to rule Tuscany, died. With his death Florence ended its era as an independent state. Tuscany fell to Francis of Lorraine (later Holy Roman Emperor Francis I), husband of Maria Theresa of Austria, in exchange for Lorraine, which went to Stanislaus I of Poland.
    (http://tinyurl.com/mylnlb)(SFEC,11/30/97, p.T3)(AM, 7/05, p.39)

1747        Jul 9, Giovanni Battista Bononcini (76), Italian opera-composer, died.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1755        Jul 9, General Edward Braddock was mortally wounded when French and Indian troops ambushed his force of British regulars and colonial militia, which was on its way to attack France's Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh). Gen. Braddock's troops were decimated at Fort Duquesne, where he refused to accept George Washington's advice on frontier style fighting. British Gen'l. Braddock gave his bloody sash to George Washington at Fort Necessity just before he died on Jul 13.
    (A & IP, ESM, p.11)(HN, 7/9/98)(WSJ, 1/5/98, p.A20)

1764        Jul 9, Ann Radcliffe, novelist who wrote Gothic romances set in Italy, was born.
    (HN, 7/9/98)

1766        Jul 9, J. Schopenhauer, writer, was born.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1776        Jul 9, The Declaration of Independence was read aloud to Gen. George Washington's troops in New York.
    (AP, 7/9/97)
1776        Jul 9, New York was the 13th colony to ratify the Declaration of Independence.
    (SFC, 7/7/96, T1)

1789        Jul 9, In Versailles, the French National Assembly declared itself the Constituent Assembly and began to prepare a French constitution.
    (HN, 7/9/98)

1790        Jul 9, The Swedish navy captured one third of the Russian fleet at the naval battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.
    (HN, 7/9/98)

1795        Jul 9, James Swan paid off the $2,024,899 US national debt.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1797        Jul 9, Edmund Burke (b.1729), Irish-born British statesman, parliament leader, died. His writing included “Reflections on the Revolution in France” (1790). In 2013 Jesse Norman authored “Edmund Burke: The First Conservative.” In 2014 David Bromwich authored “The Intellectual Life of Edmund Burke: From the Sublime and Beautiful to American Independence.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Burke)(Econ, 5/25/13, p.85)(Econ, 7/5/14, p.69)

1802        Jul 9, Thomas Davenport, invented 1st commercial electric motor, was born.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1808        Jul 9, A leather-splitting machine was patented by Samuel Parker of Billerica, MA.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1815        Jul 9, The 1st US natural gas well was discovered.
    (MC, 7/9/02)
1815        Jul 9, King Louis XVIII left Ghent for France.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1816        Jul 9, Argentina declared independence from Spain.
    (AP, 7/9/97)

1819        Jul 9, Elias Howe (d.1867), inventor of the sewing machine, was born in Spencer, Mass. Howe, a machinist, developed his sewing machine in 1843-45 and patented it in 1846. Although Howe's machine sewed only short, straight lines, tailors and seamstresses saw it as a threat to their jobs. Unable to market his machine in America, Howe took it to Britain where he sold the rights to an English manufacturer in 1847. Upon his return to the United States, Howe discovered that his patent had been infringed upon by other sewing machine manufacturers, such as Isaac Singer. After a lengthy court battle, Howe's patent was upheld and royalties from sewing machine sales made him a wealthy man.
    (WUD, 1994, p.689)(HN, 7/9/99)(MC, 7/9/02)

1846        Jul 9, Captain J.B. Montgomery raised the American flag over San Francisco. Montgomery claimed Yerba Buena (SF) for the US.
    (SFEC, 3/1/98, p.W36)(www.bearflagmuseum.org/History.html)

1850        Jul 9, Zachary Taylor (b.1784), the 12th president of the United States, died of cholera at the age of 65 after serving only 16 months. He was succeeded by Millard Fillmore. Taylor was a Southerner, a slaveholder and the hero of the Mexican War in 1848 when he was nominated by the Whig Party as a candidate for president of the United States. He was an inoffensive candidate in the anxious years leading up to the Civil War because he had never taken a position on a political issue or even cast a vote in his life. During his 16 months as president, Congress addressed the explosive issue of slavery's expansion to the west with the Compromise of 1850, but Taylor himself never had the opportunity to act on this issue.
    (WUD,1994,p.1679)(SFC, 9/26/96, p.E10)(AP, 7/9/97)(HN, 7/9/98)(HN, 7/11/99)
1850        Jul 9, Bb, Bahi prophet, was executed in Tabriz, Iran.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1856        Jul 9, Nikola Tesla, electrical engineer, inventor (Tesla Coil), was born in Croatia.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1858        Jul 9, Franz Boas, anthropologist, was born.
    (HN, 7/9/01)

1861        Jul 9, Confederate cavalry led by John Morgan captured Tompkinsville, Kentucky. "The Yankees will never take me a prisoner again," vowed Confederate General John Hunt Morgan.
    (HN, 7/9/98)

1862        Jul 9, Gen. John Hunt Morgan captured Tompkinsville, Ky.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1864        Jul 9, An informal force of Union troops was defeated by Jubal Early at Monocacy, Maryland. Gen’l. Lew Wallace was able to detain Confederate Lt. Gen’l. Jubal from an early advance on Washington. Federal casualties numbered 1959 vs. 400 Confederate.
    (HT, 3/97, p.66)(AP, 7/11/97)(HN, 7/9/98)(MC, 7/9/02)

1878        Jul 9, H.V. Kaltenborn, newscaster (Who Said That?), was born in Milwaukee, Wisc.
    (MC, 7/9/02)
1878        Jul 9, An improved corncob pipe was patented by Henry Tibbe in Washington, Mo.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1879        Jul 9, Ottorino Respighi, composer (Pines of Rome), was born in Bologna, Italy.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1883        Jul 9, Adrien Louis Victor Boieldieu (67), composer, died.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1887        Jul 9, Samuel Eliot Morison (d.1976), American biographer and historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea), was born. "If the American Revolution had produced nothing but the Declaration of Independence, it would have been worthwhile."
    (AP, 7/4/97)(HN, 7/9/01)(MC, 7/9/02)

1892        Jul 9, A stray 500-pound shell from the Sandy Hook, New Jersey, testing range sank the schooner Henry R. Tilton.
    (AM, 7/04, p.35)

1893        Jul 9, Daniel Hale Williams (1858-1931), an African-American surgeon, performed successful heart surgery on a teenager in Chicago.
    (WSJ, 11/17/07, p.W11)(http://tinyurl.com/37gnkk)
 
1894        Jul 9, Dorothy Thompson, journalist, writer and radio commentator, was born.
    (HN, 7/9/98)

1900        Jul 9, Queen Victoria signed The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, uniting 6 separate colonies under a federal government, effective Jan 1, 1901.
    (HN, 7/9/98)(www.servat.unibe.ch/icl/as__indx.html)

1908        Jul 9, Minor White, abstract photographer, was born.
    (HN, 7/9/01)

1916        Jul 9, Edward Heath (d.2005), later PM of England (1970-1974, was born in Kent county.
    (SFC, 7/18/05, p.B6)
1916        Jul 9, The 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrived in US from Germany.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1917        Jul 9, British warship "Vanguard" exploded at Scapa Flow killing 804.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1918        Jul 9, The US Distinguished Service Cross was established by an Act of Congress.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
1918        Jul 9, 101 people were killed as an inbound local train collided with an outbound express in Nashville, Tenn.
    (AP, 7/9/97)

1926        Jul 9, Mathilde Krim, geneticist, founder of the AIDS foundation, was born.
    (HN, 7/9/01)
1926        Jul 9, Chiang Kai-shek was appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1932        Jul 9, The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 41.63, down 91% from its level exactly 3 years earlier. Trading volume for the day was 235,000 shares.
    (WSJ, 10/11/08, p.W1)
1932        Jul 9, John Paul Getty II, US-British oil magnate, billionaire (Getty Oil), was born.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1933        Jul 9, Oliver Sachs, neurologist, was born. In 2001 he authored "Uncle Tungsten: Memories of a Chemical Boyhood," a memoir of his years from 1943-1947.
    (SFC, 7/14/96, Z1 p.3)(WSJ, 10/12/01, p.W13)

1934        Jul 9, SS-Reichs Fuhrer Heinrich Himmler assumed command of German Concentration Camps.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1936        Jul 9, June Jordan, poet and author, was born.
    (HN, 7/9/98)
1936        Jul 9, David Joel Zinman, composer, conductor (Balt Symphony-1983), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1937        Jul 9, David Hockney, painter, was born in Bradford, England. He moved to LA in 1978.
    (HN, 7/9/01)(SFC, 8/18/01, p.B3)

1938        Jul 9, Brian Dennehy, actor (Check is in the Mail, F/X, Cocoon, Death of a Salesman), was born in Ct.
    (MC, 7/9/02)
1938        Jul 9, Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo died in Port Chester, NY, at age 68.
    (AP, 7/9/08)

1940        Jul 9, German Evangelist Church protested against euthanasia programs.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1942        Jul 9, Anne Frank (13), her family and 4 other Jews went into hiding in the attic above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
    (HN, 7/9/01)(MC, 7/9/02)

1943        Jul 9, American and British forces made an amphibious landing on Sicily. The 'man who never was' pulled off one of the greatest deceptions in military history--after his death. In April Britain’s Operation Mincemeat had landed the dead body of an itinerant Welsh laborer, Glyndwr Michael, disguised as a Major Martin, on the shore of Spain near Huelva. False papers on the body led the Germans to believe the allies would attack Greece and Sardinia rather than Sicily. The idea had been originally devised in 1939 as one of 51 submitted by Lt. Commander Ian Fleming. Operation Mincemeat was kept secret until 1953, the same year that “Casino Royale,” Fleming’s first James Bond novel was published.
    (ON, 10/10, p.5)

1944        Jul 9, American forces secured Saipan as the last Japanese defenses fell during WW II.
    (AP, 7/9/00)
1944        Jul 9, Raoul Wallenberg, a Swedish National Guardsman, arrived in Budapest to head the local office of the US-sponsored War Refugee Board. He had been recruited in June by a US Embassy official in Stockholm and sent to Nazi-controlled Budapest under Swedish diplomatic cover. He used US funds to bribe Nazi officials and saved over 20,000 Hungarian Jews from Nazi death camps.
    (SFC, 5/5/96, p.A-7)(MT, Spg. ‘99, p.18)(WSJ, 2/28/09, p.A7)

1945        Jul 9, Dean R[ay] Koontz, US author (Star Quest, Beastchild), was born.
    (MC, 7/9/02)
1945        Jul 9, A 3rd big Tillamook fire occurred near the Salmonberry River, and was joined two days later by a second blaze on the Wilson River, started by a discarded cigarette. This fire burned 180,000 acres before it was put out. The cause of the blaze on the Salmonberry River was mysterious, and many believed it had been set by an incendiary balloon launched by the Japanese, and brought to Oregon by the jet stream.
    (http://www.fact-index.com/t/ti/tillamook_burn.html)

1947        Jul 9, The engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth to Lt. Philip Mountbatten was announced.
    (AP, 7/9/97)
1947        Jul 9, Spain voted for Franco.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1948        Jul 9, Satchel Paige (42) debuted in majors pitching 2 scoreless inning for Cleveland.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1951        Jul 9, President Truman asked Congress to formally end the state of war between the United States and Germany.
    (AP, 7/9/97)

1953        Jul 9, The 1st helicopter passenger service began in NYC.
    (MC, 7/9/02)

1955        Jul 9, Jimmy Smits, actor (Victor-LA Law, Running Scared, NYPD Blue), was born in Brooklyn.
    (MC, 7/9/02)
1955        Jul 9, Scientists in London issued a manifesto declaring that researchers must take responsibility for their creations, such as the atomic bomb. Bertrand Russel, British pacifist philosopher, drafted the manifesto, which served as the philosophical origin for the 1957 Pugwash Conference (Nova Scotia) against nuclear arms. It was signed by ten other scientists that included as Joseph Rotblat (1995 Nobel Peace Prize), Albert Einstein, Linus Pauling and Frederic Joliot-Curie.
    (WSJ, 10/16/95, p. A-15)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Rotblat)

1956        Jul 9, Tom Hanks, actor (Bossom Buddies, Forrest Gump, Phila), was born in Concord, Calif.
    (MC, 7/9/02)
1956        Jul 9, Fred (d.1983) and Pat Cody (d.2010 at 87) opened Cody’s bookstore in Berkeley, Ca. In 1977 they sold the operation to Andy Ross. In 2005 Ross planned to open a store in Union Square, SF. In 2006 Ross sold the company to a Japanese firm. Cody’s closed its last store in Berkeley on June 20, 2008.
    (SFC, 1/7/05, p.C1)(SFC, 6/23/08, p.A7)(SFC, 6/23/08, p.A7)(SFC, 10/6/10, p.C5)
1955        Jul 9, Scientists in London issued a manifesto declaring that researchers must take responsibility for their creations, such as the atomic bomb. Bertrand Russel, British pacifist philosopher, drafted the manifesto, which served as the philosophical origin for the 1997 Pugwash Conference (Nova Scotia) against nuclear arms. It was signed by ten other scientists that included as Joseph Rotblat (1995 Nobel Peace Prize), Albert Einstein, Linus Pauling and Frederic Joliot-Curie.
    (WSJ, 10/16/95, p. A-15)

1960        Jul 9, Roger Woodward (7) and his sister, Deanne Woodward (17), were rescued from the Niagara River after being tossed from family friend James Honeycutt's 12-foot aluminum boat. New Jersey tourists John Hayes and John Quattrochi pulled Deanne Woodward to shore just before the brink. Honeycutt was swept with Roger Woodward over the Horseshoe Falls and died. Roger survived the 162-foot plunge.
    (AP, 7/16/10)
1960        Jul 9, Khrushchev threatened to use rockets to protect Cuba from the US.
    (PC, 1992, p.973)

1965        Jul 9, Adelaide Hiebel (b.1879), American artist, died. Many of her paintings were used for advertising and calendar prints.
    (http://tinyurl.com/lqooq3)(www.askart.com/askart/h/adelaide_hiebel/adelaide_hiebel.aspx)

1969        Jul 9, Howard Luck Gossage (b.1917), American ad man, died of leukemia. He wrote the essays: Understanding Marshall McLuhan, Our Fictitious Freedom of the Press, How to Look at a Magazine and How to Look at a Billboard. In 1995 "The Book of Gossage," ed. by Bruce Bendinger, was published by The Copy Workshop.
    (www.ciadvertising.org/student_account/fall_01/adv382j/mgautam/PAPER2/luck.html)(Wired, Dec. '95, p.192)

1971        Jul 9, The United States turned over complete responsibility of the Demilitarized Zone to South Vietnamese units. In 1998 Jerry Lembcke authored "The Spitting Image: Myth, Memory and Legacy of Vietnam.
    (HN, 7/9/98)(SFEC, 10/11/98, BR p.7)
1971        Jul 9, Henry Kissinger secretly visited China and met with Premier Zhou Enlai.
    (www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB66/)

1972        Jul 9, The body Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972), former head of Ghana (1952-1966), was returned to Nkroful, Ghana, for burial.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5e95hx)

1974        Jul 9, Earl Warren (83), former California governor and US Chief Justice (1953-68) died in Washington D.C. In 1997 Ed Cray authored the Warren biography "Chief Justice." In 2006 Jim Newton authored “Justice for All: Earl Warren and the Nation He Made.”
    (AP, 7/9/99)(SFC, 2/28/01, p.A18)(SSFC, 12/3/06, p.M3)

1975        Jul 9, California’s Governor Jerry Brown signed a bill that reduced the penalty for possession of marijuana to a $100 fine. The bill was sponsored by Sen. George R. Moscone and written with the help of attorney Leo Paoli (d.1997 at 65).
    (SFC, 12/27/99, p.A10)(www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/hemp/moscone/chap3.htm)

1976        Jul 9, Uganda asked UN to condemn Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1976-7/1976-07-09-NBC-18.html)

1978        Jul 9, Nearly 100,000 demonstrators marched on Wash DC for ERA.
    (www.now.org/issues/economic/cea/history.html)
1978        Jul 9, American Nazi Party held a rally at Marquette Park, Chicago.
    (www.skokiehistory.info/chrono/nazis.html)

1980        Jul 9, In Brazil at least 3 and as many as 7 died in a stampede to see the Pope at a stadium in Fortaleza.
    (http://tinyurl.com/36kdnt)
1980        Jul 9, Pieter Menten (81), Dutch war criminal and art collector, was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
    (http://tinyurl.com/369gbh)(http://tinyurl.com/3xjlqp)

1982        Jul 9, A Pan Am Boeing 727 crashed in Kenner, La., killing all 145 people aboard and eight people on the ground.
    (AP, 7/9/07)
1982        Jul 9, Michael Fagan (b.1951) broke into the Buckingham Palace bedroom of Queen Elizabeth II. Fagan was initially charged with the theft of some wine from the palace but the charges were dropped.
    (AFP, 2/24/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Fagan_incident)

1984        Jul 9, A fire destroyed the roof in the south transept of the 12th century York Minster. Around £2.5 million was spent on repairs. Restoration work was completed in 1988, and included new roof bosses to designs which had won a competition organized by BBC Television's Blue Peter program.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/York_Minster)(http://tinyurl.com/353gfq)

1986        Jul 9, The Attorney General's Commission on Pornography released the final draft of its 2,000-page report, which linked hard-core porn to sex crimes.
    (AP, 7/9/97)

1987        Jul 9, In his third day of testimony on Capitol Hill, Lt. Col. Oliver North said he had shredded evidence as part of a planned cover-up of his role in the Iran-Contra affair.
    (AP, 7/9/97)

1988        Jul 9, Teamsters President Jackie Presser died in Lakewood, Ohio, at age 61.
    (AP, 7/9/98)
1988        Jul 9, Dog trainer Barbara Woodhouse died in Buckinghamshire, England, at age 78.
    (AP, 7/9/98)

1989        Jul 9, West German tennis players Steffi Graf and Boris Becker won the women's and men's singles titles at Wimbledon.
    (AP, 7/9/99)
1989        Jul 9, President Bush began a visit to Poland.
    (AP, 7/9/99)
1989        Jul 9, Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim, wounding 16. Saudi authorities blame Iranian-inspired terrorists and later beheaded 16 Kuwaiti Shiite Muslims for bombings. Iran denied involvement.
    (AP, 2/1/04)

1991        Jul 9, The American League defeated the National League, 4-to-2, in the All-Star Game in Toronto.
    (AP, 7/8/01)
1991        Jul 9, Former CIA officer Alan D. Fiers pleaded guilty to two misdemeanor charges in the Iran-Contra affair.
    (AP, 7/8/01)
1991        Jul 9, The International Olympic Committee readmitted South Africa.
    (AP, 7/9/97)

1992        Jul 9, Poet Adrienne Rich rejected the US government National Medal for the Arts award due to radical disparities of wealth and power in America.
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.A10)
1992        Jul 9, Democrat Bill Clinton tapped Tennessee Sen. Al Gore to be his running mate.
    (AP, 7/9/97)
1992        Jul 9 The space shuttle Columbia landed at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, ending a two-week mission.
    (AP, 7/9/97)
1992        Jul 9 Eric Sevareid (79), CBS news commentator, died in Washington.
    (AP, 7/9/97)

1993        Jul 9, Leaders of Bosnia's Muslim-led government rejected a plan to divide the country into three ethnically separate republics.
    (AP, 7/9/98)
1993        Jul 9, Russian President Boris Yeltsin met with Group of Seven leaders as they concluded their three-day summit in Tokyo.
    (AP, 7/9/98)

1994        Jul 9, Members of the Group of Seven (G-7) nations concluded their economic summit in Naples, Italy.
    (AP, 7/9/99)
1994        Jul 9, Planned talks between North Korea and South Korea were put on hold following the death of North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung.
    (AP, 7/9/99)

1995        Jul 9, Pete Sampras won the men’s singles title at Wimbledon by defeating Boris Becker, 6-7 (7-5), 6-2, 6-4, 6-2.
    (AP, 7/9/00)
1995        Jul 9, The Dutch in Bosnia again asked for air support but it was refused.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.A12)
1995        Jul 9, French commandos boarded the Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior Two in the South Pacific.
    (AP, 7/9/00)

1996        Jul 9, The National League won the All-Star game, defeating the American League 6-0 in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 7/9/97)
1996        Jul 9, Former Colorado Gov. Richard Lamm began a drive for the presidential nomination of Ross Perot's fledgling Reform Party.
    (AP, 7/9/97)
1996        Jul 9, Attorney Melvin M. Belli (b.7/29/07), King of Torts, died at 88 in San Francisco. He authored the 5-volume work "Modern Trials," a classic on the demonstrative method of presenting evidence.
    (SFC, 7/10/96, p.A1)
1996        Jul 9, "The Iranians: Persia, Islam and the Soul of a Nation" by Sandra Mackey was reviewed and panned by Abbas Milani, author of "Tales of Two Cities: A Persian Memoir."
    (SFC, 7/9/96, p.B4)
1996        Jul 9, In Chechnya the pre-election truce was shattered and the war has resumed.
    (WSJ, 7/10/96, p.A1)
1996        Jul 9, The Bosnian federation approved the merger of the Muslim and Croat armies. This clears the way for the US to begin training and shipping arms to Bosnian troops.
    (WSJ, 7/10/96, p.A1)
1996        Jul 9, Mexico City’s police chief announced that every top official in his department was replaced with military officers. The move was made to break up corruption and abuse in the old "brotherhood."
    (SFC, 7/10/96, p.A7)
1996        Jul 9, Turkey announced a 50% raise for its 1.5 million civil servants.
    (SFC, 7/10/96, p.A8)
1996        Jul 9-1996 Jul 10, In Rwanda the Tutsi dominated army carried out an operation against Hutu insurgents in Karago and Giciye villages and 62 people were killed. The area was the home of the late Hutu president Juvenal Habyarimana.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A12)

1997        Jul 9, Boxer Mike Tyson was banned from the ring and fined $3 million for biting opponent Evander Holyfield's ears.
    (AP, 7/9/98)
1997        Jul 9, In Hawaii medical, insurance and pension benefits began to be allowed to any 2 adults who could not legally marry under a law enacted to ward off homosexual marriages.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A3)
1997        Jul 9, Louise Woodward failed to respond to a wrongful death suit filed by the parents of Matthew Eappen, the baby she was convicted of killing, and this allowed a federal court to automatically rule against her.
    (www.courttv.com/trials/woodward/070998.html)
1997        Jul 9, Leaders of 16 NATO nations met with 25 other countries in an unprecedented security summit in Madrid, Spain.
    (AP, 7/9/98)
1997        Jul 9, In Algeria Adbelkader Hachani, Muslim fundamentalist leader, was freed hours after a court sentenced him to 5 years in prison. He had been held without trial since 1991 when the military voided a vote that his group was set to win.
    (WSJ, 7/10/97, p.A1)
1997        Jul 9, In Cambodia some 30 opposition officials were arrested in Pray Veng Province, 13 in Battambang, and 20 in Kompong Speu. Prince Ranariddh was in consultation with the United Nations for support.
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.E3)
1997        Jul 9, Cypriot Pres. Glafcos Clerides and Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash were scheduled to meet in a 4-day session in New York to resolve their disputes.
    (SFC, 6/12/97, p.A14)
1997        Jul 9, In India half of the Asian elephant population of 60,000 lived in an area of just 168,000 sq. miles.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A7)
1997        Jul 9, In Kenya armed police shut down the Univ. of Nairobi and clubbed students who demanded free and fair elections.
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.C2)
1997        Jul 9, From Thailand it was reported that elephants were dying around pineapple orchards, possibly from chemical poisoning. Only some 500 elephants remained in the country.
    (SFC, 7/9/97, p.A7)
1997        Jul 9, In Venezuela a 6.7 earthquake hit the northeast coastal region and killed at least 59 people including 27 students trapped inside a collapsed school building.
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.E3)(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A11)

1998        Jul 9, Congress sent President Clinton an election-year bill overhauling the Internal Revenue Service; Clinton said he would sign it.
    (AP, 7/9/99)
1998        Jul 9, Former high school sweethearts Amy Grossberg and Brian Peterson were sentenced in Wilmington, Del., to prison for killing their newborn son at a motel. Grossberg received 2 1/2 years; Peterson, who cooperated with prosecutors, got two years. Grossberg ended up serving nearly two years; Peterson, 1 1/2 years.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
1998        Jul 9, In Algeria a bomb exploded in a flea market in Algiers and killed 10 people and wounded 21.
    (SFC, 7/10/98, p.A18)
1998        Jul 9, A 5.8 earthquake hit the Azores Islands and killed 10 people and injured about a 100. Some 1000 were left homeless.
    (SFC, 7/10/98, p.A18)
1998        Jul 9, Nigeria’s junta commuted the death sentence of Gen’l. Oladipyo Diya and five other men convicted of plotting to overthrow Abacha. The rioting continued and the death toll was raised to 60. Northern Hausa Muslims were fighting Yorubas.
    (SFC, 7/10/98, p.A14)(WSJ, 7/10/98, p.A1)(SFC, 7/11/98, p.A10)
1998        Jul 9, An explosion in Istanbul left 7 people dead and many injured at a spice bazaar. Pinar Selek was arrested by police two days after the explosion. Four expert reports said the explosion was caused by a gas leak and there was no evidence of a bomb. Selek was tortured and spent 2.5 years in prison, but was later acquitted when a Court for Serious Crimes in Istanbul determined there was no evidence linking her to the blast. In a separate trial, however, the court found her guilty under Article 169, which covers the aiding and abetting of a crime ring, on charges of carrying explosive material used to make a bomb and keeping a bomb in her workshop. The court later dropped the charge because of the length of the trial. In 2011 Selek (40) was acquitted for a 3rd time. Selek was sentenced to life in prison in January, 2013, despite three previous acquittals. On June 11, 2014, a top Turkish court overturned the life sentence.
    (www.pinarselek.com/public/page_item.aspx?id=520)(AP, 2/9/11)(Reuters, 6/11/14)

1999        Jul 9, In LA a jury ordered GM to pay $4.9 billion to 6 people burned when their 1979 Chevrolet Malibu fuel tank exploded Dec 24, 1993 following a rear end collision. In Aug a judge reduced the award to $1.2 billion. A judge later reduced the punitive damages to $1.09 billion, while letting stand $107 million in compensatory damages; GM continued to appeal.
    (SFC, 7/10/99, p.A1)(SFC, 8/27/99, p.A3)(AP, 7/9/00)
1999        Jul 9, In China the number of AIDS cases was reported to have climbed past 400,000. A government report in 2000 said 20,711 people had tested positive for AIDS with 397 having died. Health officials estimated 500,000 HIV-positive Chinese.
    (SFC, 7/10/99, p.C1)(SSFC, 12/17/00, p.D2)
1999        Jul 9, In Iran police and vigilantes attacked a student rally protesting a ban of the daily Salam in Tehran.
    (SFC, 7/10/99, p.A10)
1999        cJul 9, In Jamaica Vivian Blake, alleged leader of the Shower Posse, was extradited to Miami. His gang was blamed for 1,400 murders in several US states during the 1980s.
    (SFC, 7/14/99, p.C10)
1999        Jul 9, In Kosovo NATO peacekeepers identified a site in Ljubenic containing the remains of as many as 350 victims.
    (SFC, 7/10/99, p.A10)

2000        Jul 9, Top-seeded Pete Sampras won his seventh Wimbledon title as he defeated Patrick Rafter, 6-7 (10), 7-6 (5), 6-4, 6-2.
    (WSJ, 7/11/00, p.A1)(AP, 7/8/01)
2000        Jul 9, In Afghanistan Mary MacMakin was arrested for violating the Taliban ban on employing women. She led the ngo: "Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Support for Afghanistan," (PARSA). MacMakin was released 3 days later ordered to leave the country with accusations of spying and trying to convert Muslims to Christianity.
    (SFC, 7/10/00, p.A8)(SFC, 7/13/00, p.A13)
2000        Jul 9, In Fiji rebels signed a deal to return their captives in exchange for an end to the country’s multiracial democracy.
    (SFC, 7/10/00, p.A8)
2000        Jul 9, Voters in Haiti cast ballots for 44 seats of the 83-member Chamber of Deputies. Most voters ignored the balloting and int’l. observers called the elections "fundamentally flawed."
    (SFC, 7/10/00, p.A9)(WSJ, 7/14/00, p.A1)
2000        Jul 9, In Northern Ireland some 2000 Orange Order marchers held a peaceful march at Drumcree.
    (SFC, 7/10/00, p.A8)
2000        Jul 9, In the Philippines government troops captured the headquarters of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front at Camp Abubakar in Maguindanao province.
    (SFC, 7/10/00, p.A10)
2000        Jul 9, In Russia a bomb attack at a food market in Vladikavkaz in North Ossetia left 5 people dead. Another bomb in a department store at the port of Rostov-on-Don on the Black Sea left 2 people dead.
    (SFC, 7/10/00, p.A9)
2000        Jul 9, The 13the Int’l. AIDS Conference convened in Durban, South Africa. Pres. Thabo Mbeki opened the conference and insisted that poverty was a greater enemy than the AIDS virus. Hundreds of delegates walked out.
    (SFC, 7/7/00, p.A1)(SFC, 7/10/00, p.A1)(AP, 7/8/01)
2000        Jul 9, In Zimbabwe 12 people died in a soccer stampede set off when police fired tear gas at bottle-throwing fans during a World Cup qualifier between Zimbabwe and South Africa in Harare. South Africa’s 2-0 victory over Zimbabwe was ruled official.
    (WSJ, 7/10/00, p.A1)(AP, 7/8/01)

2001        Jul 9, The Bush administration announced that it opposed a UN draft to restrict the sale of small arms. The US was the leading exporter of small arms.
    (SFC, 7/10/01, p.A8)
2001        Jul 9, Wildcard entrant Goran Ivanisevic won the men's title at Wimbledon by beating Patrick Rafter.
    (AP, 7/9/02)
2001        Jul 9, In Chile an appeals court ruled that Gen. Augusto Pinochet could not be tried on human rights charges because of his deteriorating health and mental condition, a ruling that effectively brought the 85-year-old former dictator's legal troubles to an end.
    (SFC, 7/10/01, p.A7)(AP, 7/9/02)
2001        Jul 9, In Jamaica PM Patterson ordered the army deployed across the island to restore calm following 3 days of violence that killed at least 28 people.
    (SFC, 7/10/01, p.A7)(SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)(SFC, 7/27/01, p.D6)
2001        Jul 9, The UN ranked Norway as the country with the world’s highest standard of living. PM Jens Stolenberg credited the nation’s welfare system. Norway was followed by Australia and Canada. The US ranked 6th.
    (SFC, 7/10/01, p.A8)

2002        Jul 9, To the boos of disappointed fans, the All-Star game in Milwaukee finished in a 7-7 tie after 11 innings when both teams ran out of pitchers.
    (AP, 7/9/03)
2002        Jul 9, Speaking in New York, President Bush called for doubled prison terms and aggressive policing to combat fraud and corruption in corporate America.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A1)(AP, 7/9/03)
2002        Jul 9, The US Senate approved a nuclear waste burial site at Yucca Mountain in the Nevada desert. The Senate voted to entomb thousands of tons of radioactive waste inside Yucca Mountain, rejecting the state's fervent protests. Gov. Kenny Guinn vowed to continue fighting the plan.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A3)(AP, 7/9/03)
2002        Jul 9, The Women's Health Initiative announced that estrogen-progestin pills, taken by millions of women as a hormone replacement therapy, do more harm than good.
    (SSFC, 7/14/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 9, WWF Int'l. released its 4th Living Planet Report and said humans are using 20% more natural resources each year than can be regenerated.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 9, Rod Steiger (77), actor, died. His films included "On the Waterfront" and "In the Heat of the Night."
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 9, African leaders in Durban, SA, launched the African Union, an ambitious new body intended to pull the beleaguered continent out of poverty and conflict.
    (AP, 7/9/03)
2002        Jul 9, Thousands of unemployed Argentines, university students and labor activists marched on the presidential palace to protest the government's failure to end the country's deep economic crisis.
    (AP, 7/9/02)
2002        Jul 9, A Palestinian gunman opened fire on Israeli police officers just outside the walled Old City of Jerusalem, wounding one, and a passer-by was killed in the ensuing gunbattle.
    (AP, 7/9/02)
2002        Jul 9, Philippine officials said they had arrested a Filipino Muslim suspected of helping to procure more than a ton of explosives for al Qaeda-linked Islamic radicals accused of plotting to bomb U.S. targets in Singapore. A U.S-trained Philippine soldier and an undetermined number of Muslim rebels were killed in fierce fighting on southern Jolo island.
    (Reuters, 7/9/02)
2002        Jul 9, NATO troops arrested Radovan Stankovic (33), a former member of an elite Serb paramilitary unit, for allegedly running a house where women and girls were raped during Bosnia's 1992-1995 war.
    (AP, 7/9/02)(SFC, 7/10/02, p.A8)

2003        Jul 9, Pres. Bush met with South African President Thabo Mbeki in Pretoria for discussions on AIDS, the war on terror, trade issues and to seek common ground in their attempts to deal with the political and economic crisis in neighboring Zimbabwe. Pleading for patience, President Bush, continuing his Africa tour, said the United States would "have to remain tough" in Iraq despite attacks on U.S. soldiers. Bush said he was "absolutely confident" in his actions despite the discovery that one claim he'd made about Saddam Hussein's weapons pursuits was based on false information.
    (AP, 7/9/03)(SFC, 7/10/03, p.A3)(AP, 7/9/04)(AP, 7/9/08)
2003        Jul 9, Karl Rove, senior advisor to Pres. Bush, spoke with syndicated columnist Robert Novak about diplomat Joseph Wilson and his wife Valerie Plame. About this same time Rove also spoke with Matthew Cooper, Time’s White House correspondent, and mentioned Wilson and Plame. In 2006 Novak acknowledged that 3 administration sources, including Rove and CIA spokesman Bill Harlow, had provided him information.
    (SFC, 7/16/05, p.A4)(SFC, 12/12/05, p.A3)(SFC, 7/12/06, p.A3)
2003        Jul 9, US Defense Sec. Rumsfeld increased the estimate of military costs in Iraq to $3.9 billion a month.
    (SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 9, The US cleared $20 million in direct aid to the Palestinians.
    (WSJ, 7/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 9, Research was released that said PBDEs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers), commonly used in flame retardants, posed a health hazard.
    (SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 9, Winston Graham (93), author of the hugely popular Poldark novels, died in Sussex, England. His other novels included "Marnie" (1961).
    (AP, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 9, Canada became the 1st country in the world to start selling marijuana to several hundred seriously ill people but said the pot project could be halted at any time.
    (Reuters, 7/9/03)
2003        Jul 9, Haiti paid $32 million in arrears to the Inter-American Development Bank, nearly wiping out its foreign reserves in its effort to resume frozen international loans.
    (AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 9, It was reported that occupation authorities had eliminated all import taxes in Iraq and accelerated the closure of hundreds of local factories unable to compete with foreign goods. At the same time hundreds of millions of dollars was pumped in as cash payments to government workers. 2 U.S. soldiers were killed and a third wounded in separate attacks on their convoys near Mahmudiyah and Tikrit.
    (SFC, 7/9/03, p.A1)(AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 9, In northwestern Somalia 3 days of fighting among hundreds of gunmen from rival clan-based factions killed more than 40 people and wounded 90.
    (AP, 7/10/03)

2004        Jul 9, A US Senate committee report said that flawed prewar intelligence fueled the Bush administration position that Saddam Hussein’s regime posed a serious threat to the US.
    (SFC, 7/10/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 9, An appeals court rejected Nevada’s claim against the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository, but ordered leak plans beyond 10,000 years.
    (WSJ, 7/12/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 9, Cpl. Wassef Ali Hassoun (24) arrived in Germany from Lebanon, where he had turned up at the US Embassy in Beirut a day earlier. He had been missing since June 20 from his base near the troubled Iraqi city of Fallujah. The Pentagon announced that Hassoun would be charged with desertion, larceny and wrongful disposition of military property in connection with his service-issued M9 pistol that disappeared with him and never turned up. On January 4, 2005, he was again labeled a deserter after failing to return to his base at Camp Lejeune in North Carolina from authorized leave. He was reportedly in Lebanon.
    (AP, 7/10/04)(SFC, 7/9/04, p.A1)(www.cnn.com/2005/LAW/01/05/hassoun.case/index.html)
2004        Jul 9, Geraldine Williams (67) of Lowell, Mass., accepted a lump sum payment of $168 million for her July 3 win in the $294 million lotto.
    (SFC, 7/10/04, p.A2)
2004        Jul 9, Isabel Sanford (86), actress, died Los Angeles.
    (AP, 7/9/05)
2004        Jul 9, A U.N.-backed body barred the Republic of Congo from the legitimate world diamond trade, accusing it of blatantly sending millions of dollars in smuggled gems onto the global market.
    (AP, 7/10/04)
2004        Jul 9, In Egypt President Hosni Mubarak's cabinet resigned and the longtime leader appointed technocrat Ahmed Nazief (Nazif), a relative outsider, to replace Atef Obeid as prime minister, further consolidating his power at a time of growing calls for political, social and economic change. Half of the 26 regional governors were also replaced.
    (AP, 7/9/04)(Econ, 7/17/04, p.47)
2004        Jul 9, In Baghdad, Iraq, 2 mortar shells targeting a hotel housing foreigners in the capital hit a house instead, killing a child and wounding three others.
    (AP, 7/9/04)
2004        Jul 9, The Int’l. Court of Justice ruled that Israel’s separation barrier in the occupied West Bank violates freedom of movement and should be demolished.
    (SFC, 7/10/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 9, Paul Klebnikov (41), the American editor of Forbes Magazine's Russian edition and author of a book about tycoon Boris Berezovsky, was shot to death. Klebnikov was also the author of “Conversation with a Barbarian,” about organized crime in Russia’s continuing war in Chechnya. In Nov. Muslim Ibragimov, aka Kazbek Dukuzov, was arrested in Belarus. He was later extradited to Moscow in 2005 and accused of involvement in the slaying. Russian prosecutors later determined that Khozh-Akhmed Nukhayev, a former separatist Chechen official who was the subject of a book by U.S. journalist Paul Klebnikov, ordered the murder.
    (AP, 7/9/04)(SFC, 7/10/04, p.A8)(WSJ, 2/24/05, p.A13)(AP, 6/16/05)
2004        Jul 9, In Peru 2 passenger buses collided head-on on a coastal highway, killing at least 36 people and injuring two dozen.
    (AP, 7/9/04)

2005        Jul 9, Pres. Bush signed the Junk Fax Prevention Act of 2005, supported by business interests, which made it easier for companies to send out junk faxes.
    (SFC, 7/13/05, p.C1)
2005        Jul 9, Minnesota Gov. Jim Pawlenty signed a temporary spending plan and lawmakers agreed on the outline of a 2-year budget.
    (SSFC, 7/10/05, p.A3)
2006        Jul 9, A panda cub, later named Tai Shan, was born at the National Zoo in Washington.
    (AP, 7/9/06)
2005        Jul 9, It was reported the world’s 439 nuclear reactors produce about 16% of the world’s electricity. US reactors numbered 103 plants with capacity utilization at over 90%.
    (Econ, 7/25/05, p.59)
2005        Jul 9, Hurricane Dennis left at least 32 people dead in the Caribbean and moved toward Pensacola, Florida.
    (SSFC, 7/10/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 9, The US military released another batch of 76 Afghan prisoners as part of ongoing efforts to promote national reconciliation. A purported Taliban spokesman said that the group has beheaded a missing American commando, but he offered no proof. The body of the commando was found the next day.
    (AP, 7/9/06)
2005        Jul 9, Suspected Taliban gunmen ambushed an Afghani government border patrol in the desert near the frontier with Pakistan, killing 10 soldiers and beheading their bodies.
    (AP, 7/10/05)
2005        Jul 9, The leader of Brazil's governing Workers Party stepped down, the third ally of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva to resign this week amid charges of buying votes in Congress.
    (AP, 7/10/05)
2005        Jul 9, In Congo DRC Rwandan rebels burned 39 people alive, mostly women and children, when they torched the village of Mtulumamba in eastern Congo in what some locals said was punishment for supporting UN peacekeepers.
    (AP, 7/11/05)
2005        Jul 9, It was reported that a recent Internet announcement said that Ibrahim Youssef al-Shammari would serve as official spokesman for the Islamic Army of Iraq and the Army of the Mujahideen, 2 groups thought to be linked to the former Baath Party.
    (Econ, 7/25/05, p.39)
2005        Jul 9, Khamis Farhan Khalaf Abd al-Fahdawi (known as Abu Seba), a senior lieutenant of al-Qaida in Iraq, was arrested following operations in the Ramadi. He was a key suspect in the kidnap-slaying of an Egyptian envoy and attacks on senior diplomats from Pakistan and Bahrain.
    (AP, 7/14/05)
2005        Jul 9, North Korea said it will rejoin six-nation nuclear arms talks on July 25.
    (AP, 7/9/05)
2005        Jul 9, The 110-ton barge left Magadan, Russia, on a two-day journey to Okhotsk, sent out a distress signal during severe weather, then lost communication. 6 of 10 sailors were rescued 3 days later.
    (AP, 7/12/05)
2005        Jul 9, In Sudan John Garang, the former rebel leader who spent 21 years fighting Khartoum's government, was sworn in as first vice president. Garang and Pres. Omar el-Bashir signed into being Sudan's new constitution.
    (AP, 7/9/05)(AP, 7/10/05)
2005        Jul 9, In southeastern Turkey a land mine believed to have been planted by Kurdish rebels killed 3 soldiers. Two other land mines injured seven people in separate explosions.
    (AP, 7/10/05)

2006        Jul 9, Freescale Semiconductor, a former division of Motorola, announced the commercial availability of a chip called Magnetoresistive random-access memory (MRAM), which is fast to read and write and can keep data without power. In September the Blackstone Group offered $17.6 billion for Freescale.
    (SFC, 7/10/06, p.A3)(Econ, 9/23/06, p.73)
2006        Jul 9, In Washington DC Alan Senitt (27), a British volunteer for the potential presidential campaign of former Virginia Gov. Mark R. Warner, was killed in the Georgetown neighborhood by robbers who slashed his throat and tried to rape his female companion. Within three hours of the attack, police arrested and charged two men, and two other suspects surrendered a few hours later. On May 21, 2007, Christopher Piper and Jeffery Rice pleaded guilty to robbing and killing Alan, and committing other robberies in the city. They were sentenced August 24, 2007, to 37 and 52 years respectively in prison.
    (AP, 7/10/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Senitt)
2006        Jul 9, In Missouri 5 youths (10-17) including 4 siblings drowned in the Meramtec River during a church outing at Castlewood State Park. One had become caught in an undertow and the others jumped in to help.
    (SFC, 7/11/06, p.A3)
2006        Jul 9, In southern Afghanistan a Canadian coalition officer died of wounds suffered in fighting near an opium-rich insurgent stronghold. At least 15 militants were killed. A coalition patrol found the bodies of 10 militants killed in an airstrike in Panjwayi.
    (AP, 7/9/06)(SFC, 7/10/06, p.A4)
2006        Jul 9, Roger Federer ended a five-match losing streak to Rafael Nadal, winning 6-0, 7-6 (5), 6-7 (2), 6-3 to earn his fourth straight Wimbledon title.
    (AP, 7/9/07)
2006        Jul 9, India test-fired its nuclear-capable Agni III missile for the first time. The missile plunged into the Bay of Bengal short of its target. 14 more people were reported to have died in rain-related incidents in northern India, taking the nationwide death toll since the beginning of the monsoon season in May to 286. Supporters of Shiv Sena, a Hindu fundamentalist party, went on a rampage in Mumbai protesting the defacing of a statue of Meenatai, the wife of the movement’s founder, Balasaheb Thackeray.
    (AFP, 7/9/06)(AP, 7/10/06)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.39)
2006        Jul 9, Masked Shiite gunmen stopped cars in western Baghdad and grabbed people off the streets, singling out the Sunni Arabs among them and killing at least 42. Gunmen killed an Iraqi intelligence officer in the Shiite city of Karbala, one of several deadly shootings targeting security forces. Iraqi troops launched a pre-dawn raid on Kadhimiya, a mainly Shi'ite district next to Shula, killing nine militants and capturing seven.
    (Reuters, 7/9/06)(AP, 7/9/06)
2006        Jul 9, Top officials said Israel will push forward with its offensive in the Gaza Strip until Palestinian militants release a captured Israeli soldier and halt their rocket attacks.
    (AP, 7/9/06)
2006        Jul 9, Italy beat France 5-3 in a shootout following a 1-1 tie in the World Cup final. Zinedine Zidane, captain of the French team, was sent off for head-butting an Italian player.
    (SFC, 7/10/06, p.A1)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.49)
2006        Jul 9, A Russian Airbus 310 passenger plane skidded off a rain-slicked Siberian runway and plowed through a concrete barrier, bursting into flames. At least 125 of 203 people on board were killed.
    (AP, 7/9/06)(AP, 7/9/07)
2006        Jul 9, In Somalia 20 people were killed in bloody fighting as Islamic fighters fought supporters of Abdi Awale Qaybdiid, who refused to disarm.
    (AP, 7/10/06)

2007        Jul 9, President Bush directed former aides to defy congressional subpoenas, claiming executive privilege in resisting Congress' investigation into the firings of US attorneys.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2007        Jul 9, Alaska’s former state Rep. Tom Anderson was convicted of taking thousands of dollars from a corrections company consultant in exchange for his help in the Legislature.
    (AP, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 9, US Sen. David Vitter, R-La., acknowledged that he was on the list of phone records just released by Deborah Jeane Palfrey, the alleged “D.C. Madam.”
    (SFC, 7/11/07, p.A6)
2007        Jul 9, The NAACP meeting in Detroit held a public burial for the N-word (nigger) racial slur. In 1944 the NAACP held a symbolic funeral in Detroit for Jim Crow.
    (SFC, 7/10/07, p.A3)
2007        Jul 9, Northwest Biotherapeutics, a US-based biotech company, said it had won approval for commercial use of the world's first vaccine against brain cancer in Switzerland.
    (AFP, 7/9/07)
2007        Jul 9, Researchers said a pill developed by Pfizer to help people stop-smoking appears to also help curb heavy drinking by targeting a pleasure center in the brain. The drug called varenicline, began selling in the US last August under the brand name Chantix.
    (SFC, 7/10/07, p.A2)
2007        Jul 9, Novartis said the first skin patch to treat the dementia that can plague Alzheimer's patients has gained federal approval. The drug in the patch, called Exelon or rivastigmine, is the same as that now available in capsule form but provides a regular and continuous dose throughout the day.
    (AP, 7/9/07)
2007        Jul 9, Charles Lane (b.1905), film actor, died in Santa Monica. He appeared in well over 250 roles on film and TV. His final screen appearance was in the 1995 TV movie “The Computer Wore Tennis Shoes.”
    (SFC, 7/11/07, p.A2)
2007        Jul 9, Afghan troops and the US-led coalition conducting a nighttime raid killed a Taliban leader but also two children caught in the crossfire. An exchange of small arms fire at an army base in Herat killed four Afghan soldiers.
    (AP, 7/9/07)(Reuters, 7/9/07)
2007        Jul 9, A London jury convicted four Muslim militants of plotting to bomb London's public transport system.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2007        Jul 9, Buenos Aires experienced its first major snowfall since June, 1918.
    (WSJ, 1/10/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 9, Canada announced plans to increase its Arctic military presence in an effort to assert sovereignty over the Northwest Passage, a potentially oil-rich region the United States claims is international territory.
    (AP, 7/9/07)
2007        Jul 9, The UN-backed Okapi radio station said that Floribert Chui Bin Kositi, a former Congolese rebel leader, was beaten to death in Congo’s restive eastern Kivu region. He held a senior position in a state-run body monitoring food imports and recently ordered a large consignment of rice to be destroyed on the grounds that it was unfit for human consumption.
    (AP, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 9, The EU's top justice official said EU citizens will be protected by the US Privacy Act under an anti-terror deal with Washington on the sharing of trans-Atlantic air passenger data.
    (AP, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 9, In India’s Chattisgarh state an hours-long battle between police and Maoist rebels armed with machine guns and mortars ended with the deaths of 25 rebels and 24 police. The Maoist insurgency is now spread across 13 of India's 28 states and the rebels are believed to have 10,000-15,000 fighters in an increasingly well-armed force.
    (AP, 7/11/07)
2007        Jul 9, In Indonesia prosecutors filed a civil lawsuit against former dictator Suharto (1921-2008), toppled in 1998, seeking $1.54 billion in damages and funds allegedly stolen from the state during his 32 years in power. He allegedly forced state banks and others to contribute millions to the Supersemar Foundation, much of which was siphoned off to companies run by members of his family and cronies.
    (AP, 7/9/07)(Econ, 7/14/07, p.48)
2007        Jul 9, Attacks in Baghdad killed 13 people as prominent Shiite and Sunni politicians called on Iraqi civilians to take up arms to defend themselves after a weekend of violence that claimed more than 220 lives. A roadside bomb exploded near an Iraqi military bus north of Baghdad, killing 9 Iraqi soldiers and injuring 21. British warplanes struck the southern town of al-Majar al-Kabir near the Iranian border, killing three militants suspected of smuggling weapons into Iraq.
    (AP, 7/9/07)(AP, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 9, An appeals court freed Moldova's former defense minister, overturning his conviction for abusing his position in the 1997 sale of 21 fighter planes to the United States.
    (AP, 7/9/07)
2007        Jul 9, In Nigeria gunmen attacked two southern oil installations, kidnapping two senior Nigerian employees of Royal Dutch Shell PLC and two foreigners.
    (AP, 7/9/07)
2007        Jul 9, Pakistan’s President Gen. Pervez Musharraf gave clerics more time to persuade defiant militants to lay down their arms and surrender a mosque they have defended against thousands of government troops.
    (AP, 7/9/07)
2007        Jul 9, Poland’s PM Jaroslaw Kaczynski fired his deputy, Andrzej Lepper, over corruption allegations, throwing the future of Poland's conservative governing coalition into doubt and raising the possibility of early elections. Kaczynski also fired Sports Minister Tomasz Lipiec, of his own Law and Justice party.
    (AP, 7/9/07)
2007        Jul 9, Zimbabwe police said more than 1,300 shop owners and business managers have been arrested as part of a crackdown on firms accused of flouting government-imposed price controls. Thousands of students were evicted from Zimbabwe's main university campus after they protested at the weekend against a decision to deny them food for not paying their fees.
    (AFP, 7/9/07)

2008        Jul 9, A grand jury in Anchorage indicted Sen. John Cowdery, an Alaska legislator, on bribery and conspiracy counts in a federal investigation of corruption that already has led to convictions against three former state lawmakers. Federal prosecutors allege that Cowdery conspired with executives of oil field services company VECO Corp. to bribe another unnamed state senator for votes to support oil and gas legislation.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 9, The California state Board of Education voted to make algebra mandatory in the eighth grade beginning in 2011, in order to bring the state into compliance with the federal No Child Left Behind program.
    (SFC, 7/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Jul 9, Michigan Gov. Jennifer Granholm signed legislation approving a compact by 8 states surrounding the Great Lakes. Michigan was last of the 8 states to approve the agreement, which outlaws diversions of Great lakes water from natural drainage basins with rare exceptions.
    (WSJ, 7/10/08, p.A2)
2008        Jul 9, In western Pennsylvania the bodies of 22-year-old Ashley Guarino, her 2-year-old daughter Dreux and 11-month-old son Orlando Jr. were found by relatives. Orlando Maurice Guarino (38) was arrested the next day and charged with the murders of his wife and children.
    (AP, 7/11/08)
2008        Jul 9, US electronic games publisher Activision under Bobby Kotick closed its merger with the gaming arm of Vivendi, a French media conglomerate, in a deal valued at $18.8 billion.
    (Econ, 8/15/09, p.60)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Activision_Blizzard)
2008        Jul 9, It was announced that the Abu Dhabi Investment Council had purchased a 90% stake in NYC’s Chrysler Building for $800 million.
    (WSJ, 7/10/08, p.C3)
2008        Jul 9, In northwestern Afghanistan a group of villagers used a machine gun, sticks and stones to kill two Taliban militants and chase 10 others away. NATO-led forces in central Logar province killed a Taliban militant involved with suicide bombing networks. 9 British soldiers were injured in Helmand province when an Apache helicopter opened fire after mistaking them for the enemy.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 9, China convicted and then executed two ethnic Uighur men and imprisoned another 15 for alleged terrorist links in the western region of Xinjiang.
    (AP, 7/12/08)
2008        Jul 9, German investigators carried out raids on 600 homes in Austria, Switzerland and Germany seeking chemicals used to produce an illicit date-rape drug.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2008        Jul 9, In Grenada Tillman Thomas, former political detainee, was sworn in as the new prime minister.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2008        Jul 9, Iran test-fired nine long- and medium-range missiles during war games that officials said aimed to show the country can retaliate against any US and Israeli attack.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2008        Jul 9, In Iraq a suicide bomber killed 8 civilians in an attack on a military convoy in Mosul. A bomb in Fallujah killed four police officers and one civilian. A bomb killed a US soldier in Samarra. In total bombs and bullets killed 20 Iraqis.
    (AP, 7/9/08)(SFC, 7/10/08, p.A7)
2008        Jul 9, In Ingushetia police said three officers have been killed and four kidnapped in separate attacks.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2008        Jul 9, An Israel-Hamas truce has boiled down to a simple trade-off: For a day of calm, Israel adds five truckloads of cows and 200 tons of cement to the barest basics it ships to Gaza, but rocket fire from the territory reseals the border for a day.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2008        Jul 9, In Italy police in Naples arrested 44 suspected mobsters in a crackdown on drug trafficking. The latest raids led to the confiscation of apartments, cars, motorcycles, farmland and companies worth nearly $480 million.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2008        Jul 9, In Japan G8 leaders reiterated their commitment for doubling aid to Africa by 2010 and instituted new accountability procedures to ensure that wealthy countries fulfill their promises of aid there. They also agreed to combat global warming but developing nations declined o endorse emissions targets.
    (SFC, 7/10/08, p.A7)(WSJ, 7/10/08, p.A1)
2008        Jul 9, In northern Lebanon heavy fighting erupted between government supporters and Hezbollah's allies, killing at least 4 people and shattering a truce that lasted just two weeks.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2008        Jul 9, Tribal elders and Pakistani authorities struck a deal aimed at bringing peace to a militant-infested northwest region where a paramilitary offensive has tried to flush out insurgents. Police captured Rafiuddin, an aide to top commander Baitullah Mehsud, along with four associates they traveled in a vehicle through the town of Hangu in the South Waziristan region.
    (AP, 7/9/08)(AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 9, In Peru tens of thousands of union workers took to the streets across the country to protest rising food and fuel prices they blame on the free market policies of President Alan Garcia.
    (AP, 7/9/08)
2008        Jul 9, A Spanish patrol boat rescued 33 people and recovered one body from the boat off the coast of southern Almeria province. 15 African migrants, most of them small children, died of hunger, thirst or exposure as they drifted across the Mediterranean on the small, overcrowded boat.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 9, In Istanbul, Turkey, men armed with pistols and shotguns attacked a police guard post outside the US consulate, sparking a gunbattle that left 3 attackers and 3 officers dead.
    (AP, 7/9/08)(Reuters, 7/9/08)

2009        Jul 9, In Florida Byrd and Melanie Billings were killed at their sprawling home near Pensacola. The wealthy Florida couple had 4 children and adopted 12 others with developmental disabilities and other problems. Three men were soon arrested in connection with the slayings. In 2010 a jury found Patrick Gonzalez Jr. guilty of 2 counts of 1st degree murder and one count of robber. He had led a group of men dressed as ninjas in the attack.
    (AP, 7/13/09)(SFC, 7/14/09, p.A5)(SFC, 10/29/10, p.A6)
2009        Jul 9, An Afghan government spokesman said President Hamid Karzai has pardoned five heroin smugglers, at least one of them a relative of a man who heads Karzai's campaign for re-election next month. A truck rigged with explosives blew up near Kabul killing 25 people including 13 primary school students. Militants attacked a district headquarters in the southern province of Zabul, sparking a clash in which 15 Taliban were killed. 30 insurgents planting bombs in a road in Zabul were killed in an Afghan military ambush. Overnight clashes with troops killed 27 suspected militants in Helmand.
    (Reuters, 7/9/09)(AFP, 7/9/09)
2009        Jul 9, An African Union panel said former UN chief Kofi Annan handed the International Criminal Court the names of key suspects in Kenya's post-poll violence which he helped end last year.
    (AFP, 7/9/09)
2009        Jul 9, The US deported Luis Arce Gomez (71), a key figure in Bolivia's last military dictatorship, back home to serve a 30-year prison sentence for crimes including genocide and political assassinations. Gomez, known as "the minister of cocaine," took part in the July 1980 coup led by then-Gen. Luis Garcia Meza and backed by drug traffickers.
    (AP, 7/9/09)
2009        Jul 9, In China a 6.0 earthquake rocked Yunnan province, killing one person and destroying thousands of houses. More than 400,000 people left their homes following the tremor that left at least one person dead.
    (AP, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 9, Egypt’s Interior Ministry said authorities have arrested 25 militants with links to al-Qaida on suspicion of plotting attacks on oil pipelines and ships in the Suez Canal.
    (AP, 7/9/09)
2009        Jul 9, In Iran hundreds of young men and women chanted "death to the dictator" and fled baton-wielding police in Tehran as opposition activists sought to revive street protests despite authorities' vows to "smash" any new marches.
    (AP, 7/9/09)
2009        Jul 9, In Iraq 2 suicide bombings in Tal Afar, in Nineveh province, killed 38 people and wounded 66. Tal Afar is mainly home to minority Turkmen of the Shiite Muslim faith. In Baghdad, 8 people were killed and 30 wounded by two bombs in a market in Sadr City, a poor, Shiite Muslim area. 10 more people were killed by bombs elsewhere in Baghdad. US forces released five Iranian officials detained in January 2007 in northern Iraq on suspicion of aiding local Shiite militants. An Iranian television report identified the men as Mohsen Bagheri, Mahmoud Farhadi, Majid Ghaemi, Majid Dagheri and Abbas Jami. A car driver was killed in a head-on collision with a US Army Stryker vehicle, the lead vehicle of a US-Iraqi convoy in western Diyala province.
    (Reuters, 7/9/09)(AP, 7/9/09)(AP, 7/10/09)(AP, 7/11/09)
2009        Jul 9, In Italy the G8 opened their summit to include the G5, which made their fifth straight appearance at the annual summit, albeit as guests, to discuss climate change, development aid, global economic growth and international trade.
    (AP, 7/9/09)
2009        Jul 9, Mexican police found four mutilated bodies in plastic bags on the side of a highway in La Huacana, Michoacan state.
    (AP, 7/9/09)
2009        Jul 9, In Nigeria Henry Okah, a key militant in Nigeria's southern Niger Delta detained since September 2007, accepted President Umaru Yar'Adua recent offer of unconditional amnesty. Armed robbers killed six police officers as they fled after a raid on a commercial bank at Idi-Iroko, a Nigerian border town with Benin.
    (AFP, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 9, Pakistan’s government announced a plan to allow some 2 million people who fled the offensive to return home next week, saying the region was now secure and essential services restored. A landmine killed five paramilitary soldiers and wounded four others in the insurgency-plagued province of Baluchistan. Dozens of militants overran a police post and killed four officers in the northwest city of Khar. 
    (AFP, 7/9/09)(AP, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 9-2009 Aug 2, Saudi Arabian authorities arrested 44 suspected militants who sought to recruit youths and finance their "deviant activities" through charitable donations.
    (AP, 8/19/09)
2009        Jul 9, In South Africa World Cup organizers said a strike by construction workers entered its second day as negotiators meet to try and resolve the standoff.
    (AP, 7/9/09)
2009        Jul 9, South Korean Web sites were attacked again after a wave of Web site outages in the US and South Korea that several officials suspect North Korea was behind.
    (AP, 7/9/09)
2009        Jul 9, The Swedish government said it will expel Sylvere Ahorugeze (53) within three weeks, fulfilling a request from authorities in Rwanda and marking the first time an EU nation has sent back a suspect to face charges in the 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 9, The UN passed a resolution extending the lifetime of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to next year. The latest extension is the second for the Tanzania-based court which had originally been scheduled wind up its lower court cases by December 2008, but had its life extended to December 2009.
    (AFP, 7/9/09)
2009        Jul 9, In Venezuela’s top telecommunications official said President Hugo Chavez's government is imposing new regulations on cable television while revoking the licenses of more than 200 radio stations.
    (AP, 7/9/09)

2010        Jul 9, The US and Russia orchestrated the largest spy swap since the Cold War, exchanging 10 spies arrested in the US for four convicted in Russia in a tightly choreographed diplomatic dance at Vienna's airport.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, US regulators shut down 2 banks in Maryland, bringing to 88 the number of failed US banks this year.
    (SFC, 7/10/10, p.D3)
2010        Jul 9, US Presbyterian leaders strongly backed a proposal that included a call to end US aid to Israel unless the country stops settlement expansions in disputed Palestinian territories.
    (AP, 7/10/10)
2010        Jul 9, Google said China has renewed its license to operate a website, preserving the search giant's toehold in the most populous Internet market after it gave up an attempt to skirt Beijing's Web censorship.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, In California scuba divers began killing invasive Asian clams in Lake Tahoe. Long rubber mats were laid over half an acre in a test effort starve the clams of oxygen.
    (SFC, 7/10/10, p.C2)
2010        Jul 9, Aid agency Oxfam warned that the food crisis gripping the Sahel region of Africa was reaching disastrous levels and called on governments and the international community to act now. The crisis stretched across the region taking in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger and northern Nigeria.
    (AFP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, In Afghanistan an explosion ripped into a convoy of NATO and Afghan forces in eastern Nangarhar province, killing one civilian and wounding nine others. Australian Pvt. Nathan Bewes was killed just before midnight by a homemade bomb, the 6th Australian soldier to die in Afghanistan in just over a month.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, Chinese state media said authorities have seized 76 tons of milk powder tainted with melamine, the same chemical responsible for the deaths of six babies two years ago.
    (AFP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, In Iraq a suicide bomber drove an explosives-laden car into an Iraqi army check point in western Baghdad, killing six people and injuring 20.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, Italy's Fiat, which controls Chrysler Group LCC, said it will proceed with a euro700 million ($886 million) investment to move production of its new Panda compact from Poland to a plant near Naples despite an unresolved dispute with an Italian union.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, In Indian-ruled Kashmir thousands of residents defied a strict curfew prompting police to fire rubber bullets and lob tear gas as fresh rebel attacks injured two policemen. Government forces arrested dozens of suspected separatists in an attempt to stem civil unrest.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, Libyan organizers said a charity headed by Saif Al-Islam Kadhafi, the second son of Libyan leader Moammar Kadhafi, is sending an aid boat from Greece to Gaza to break the Israeli "siege." Organizers of the initiative had earlier said the 25-year-old ship, owned by Piraeus-based ACA Shipping Corporation, was called Hope. The ship set sail from Greece on July 10 and headed for Egypt.
    (AFP, 7/9/10)(AFP, 7/10/10)
2010        Jul 9, Prosecutors at the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal in The Hague cited Ratko Mladic's diaries, seized in a raid on his wife's Belgrade home in February, in a motion to reopen the trial of former Bosnian Croat political leader Jadranko Prlic and five other political and military Croat officials that ended two months ago.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, In Pakistan a pair of suicide bombers struck outside a government office in the Mohmand tribal region, killing 102 people and wounding 168 near the Yakaghund village office of Rasool Khan.
    (AP, 7/9/10)(AP, 7/10/10)
2010        Jul 9, In Puerto Rico hundreds of US drug agents and local police swept through public housing projects at dawn on the island's west coast in what officials described as the largest operation of its kind in the American territory.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, Slovakia’s Pres. Ovan Gasparovic appointed a new center-right government led by Iveta Radicova, the country’s first female prime minister.
    (SFC, 7/10/10, p.A2)
2010        Jul 9, South Korean prosecutors raided the office of PM Chung Un-chan over allegations that its ethics officials illegally investigated a businessman two years ago over the posting of an Internet video critical of the president.
    (AP, 7/9/10)
2010        Jul 9, South Sudan's army killed seven militia fighters in a raid on their camps. Youths led an SPLA division to two hideouts used by a militia loyal to Akol's SPLM- DC (Democratic Change) party in Upper Nile.
    (Reuters, 7/11/10)

2011        Jul 9, In Maryland Barry Landau’s assistant Jason Savedoff (24) was caught stealing documents for the Maryland Historical Society in Baltimore. Multiple searches of Landau's NYC West 57th Avenue apartment by the FBI turned up thousands more documents. In 2012 Landau was sentenced to 7 years in prison.
    (SFC, 5/15/13, p.A6)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barry_Landau)
2011        Jul 9, The Afghan defense ministry said military officials from Pakistan and Afghanistan have agreed to hold more high-level talks to defuse a row over a series of attacks across their porous border. Four Taliban fighters were killed in daylong fighting in Ghazni province. In central Uruzgan province, a raid on insurgents sparked fighting that left 10 militants and three Afghan police officers dead.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 9, An Afghan guard, Amanullah, opened fire at a NATO-escorted reconstruction convoy after an argument, killing a service member and a civilian working for the coalition before being killed by return fire. Amanullah worked as a bodyguard for the second-ranking official in Afghanistan's intelligence service, Gen. Assam Din Assam, the deputy director for National Directorate for Security.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, Argentine singer Facundo Cabral (b.1937), one of Latin America's most admired folk singers, was killed in Guatemala when three carloads of gunmen ambushed the vehicle in which he was riding. By 1970 became internationally known through his song "No soy de aqui ni alla" (I'm Not From Here Nor There). Authorities later said the target of the attack was Nicaraguan businessman Henry Farinas, who was driving the singer to the airport when they were ambushed.
    (AP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/31/11)
2011        Jul 9, British author Alan Shadrake (76), who spent five weeks in Singapore’s new Changi Prison for contempt after publishing a book questioning executions in the city-state, was deported to London, hours after being released.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, In Colombia nearly simultaneous attacks in three towns killed three people and wounded more than 20. President Manuel Santos blamed the FARC rebel group.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, Prosecutor in Egypt's second city Alexandria ordered the arrest of 12 police officers accused of torturing to death Sayed Belal, a Salafi fundamentalist and suspect in a deadly New Year's church attack. PM Essam Sharaf pledged to meet the demands of protesters with a series of measures. Sharaf soon called for Interior Minister Mansour el-Issawi to fire 400 police officers accused of killing protesters. El-Issawi balked saying firing them would be illegal.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)(AFP, 7/10/11)(SFC, 7/12/11, p.A3)
2011        Jul 9, In Georgia Irakli Gedenidze, Zurab Kurtsikidze and another photographer were charged with espionage. Natia Gedenidze was released without charge. Gedenidze, the personal photographer to the Georgian president, confessed to giving another photographer, Zurab Kurtsikidze, details of the president's itinerary, motorcade route and offices for unspecified remuneration.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, An Indian wildlife official said 3 wild elephants were electrocuted after they toppled a high-tension electricity line near Dudhwa National Park, Uttar Pradesh state.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, In Italy a Milan court ordered Fininivest, one of PM Berlusconi’s family holding companies, to pay $798 million as compensation for corrupt activities in a takeover battle.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 9, Malaysian police fired tear gas and detained hundreds of activists as more than 20,000 demonstrators massed across Kuala Lumpur demanding electoral reforms in the country's biggest political rally in years. Police said that they detained 1,667 people in a clampdown called "Operation Erase Bersih," referring to the Bersih coalition of civic groups that organized the rally.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, In Mexico 10 people were found dead in various parts of the northern city of Torreon, where the Zetas fought the Sinaloa cartel headed by Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman. Federal police killed three more riflemen after confronting them on a highway where they were trying to pull motorists out of their cars in Michoacan state.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 9, Mexican federal police captured Armando Villareal Heredia (33), a US-born drug lieutenant. He had joined the Tijuana cartel after a crackdown on the notorious Arellano Felix brothers caused the group to splinter and emerge with a younger leadership.
    (AP, 7/12/11)
2011        Jul 9, Interpol, at the request of the Netherlands-based Special Tribunal for Lebanon, issued its highest-level international alerts against four Hezbollah men indicted in the 2005 slaying of Lebanon's former prime minister.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, Nigerian special military forces in Niger Delta arrested four suspects after troops raided sites where stolen oil was illegally being "refined." More than 1,000 the sites were destroyed during the operation. At least 25 people, including a 13-year-old boy, were killed during a military and police operation against a radical Muslim sect in Maiduguri. Security forces launched a search operation after two suspected members threw two homemade bombs at patrol cars from a moving bus. The blasts wounded five soldiers.
    (AFP, 7/9/11)(AP, 7/10/11)(AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 9, Pakistani forces regained control over trouble spots in Karachi, the nation's largest city, where five days of political and ethnic violence killed at least 93 people and forced many to stay at home in fear. Many of the killings appeared linked to political and ethnic turf battles.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, In Singapore a rally for electoral reform in Kuala Lumpur led to the arrest of over 1,600 people.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.46)
2011        Jul 9, South Sudan raised the flag of its new nation for the first time, as thousands of South Sudanese citizens and dozens of international dignitaries swarmed the new country capital of Juba to celebrate the country's birth. Salva Kiir was sworn in as South Sudan's president. South Sudan expected to become the 193rd country recognized by the United Nations next week and the 54th UN member state in Africa.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, Human Rights Watch, in a report citing defectors from President Bashar Assad's regime, said Syrian commanders have told security forces they were fighting terrorists and ordered them to open fire on anti-regime demonstrations even after they found unarmed protesters instead.
    (AP, 7/9/11)
2011        Jul 9, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez announced a new $4 billion loan from China and discussed his health in a televised appearance.
    (AP, 7/9/11)

2012        Jul 9, Afghan suicide bombers in Kandahar city killed 2 children and wounded 6 others, when their explosive vests detonated prematurely as they went to attack police. 3 insurgents were killed after they launched an attack on Kandahar city police headquarters. A suicide bomber on a bicycle tried to attack a police vehicle in Shibirghan, the capital of Jawzjan province. The explosive-laden bicycle detonated before reaching its target and wounded 24 civilians and 2 police. Gunmen assassinated a chief prosecutor in Ghazni province.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)(AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, Some 40,000 Algerian police auxiliaries, who once helped in the fight against armed Islamist groups, tried to march on the capital to demand pay rises and other benefits but were blocked by police.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 9, Boeing Co. clinched the first big deal of this year's Farnborough Airshow with a firm order from Air Lease Corp. for 75 of its redesigned 737 aircraft worth $7.2 billion.
    (AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, A British judge ruled that Samsung's Galaxy tablet was not "cool" enough to be confused with Apple's iPad giving South Korea's Samsung a patent battle win against US rival Apple.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, British police found Eva Rausing (48) dead at her multimillion-pound (dollar) London home. Initial post-mortem examinations failed to establish a formal cause of her death. Her husband Hans Kristian Rausing (49) is an heir to the Tetra Pak fortune his father built in Sweden as a globally successful manufacturer of laminated cardboard drink containers. British media later reported that she had been dead for several days. On August 1 Rausing pleaded guilty to preventing her proper burial and was given a 10-month suspended jail sentence. On Dec 14 a coroner said she died from cocaine abuse.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)(SFC, 7/18/12, p.A2)(AP, 8/1/12)(AP, 12/14/12)
2012        Jul 9, Nabeel Rajab, a prominent Bahraini human rights activist, was found guilty and sentenced to three months in jail on charges linked to anti-government comments he made on social media.
    (AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, Canadian nuclear engineers at the Candu Energy subsidiary of the SNC-Lavalin Group Inc went on strike in a contract dispute and no talks to end the walkout are scheduled. About 700 engineers joined 144 others who have been on strike for five weeks.
    (Reuters, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, Egypt's highest court insisted that its ruling that led to the dissolution of the Islamist-dominated parliament was final and binding, setting up a showdown with the country's newly elected president. Egypt's MENA state news agency said speaker Saad el-Katatni has called for parliament to meet on July 10.
    (AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, Abbes Settou of Eritrea, who drank sea water to survive, was spotted clinging to a jerry can and the remains of the stricken boat off the Tunisian coast by fishermen who alerted the coast guard. 54 migrants trying to reach Italy died of thirst when their inflatable boat ruptured in the Mediterranean.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 9, Indian officials said devastating floods in the northeast have killed around 600 animals in Kaziranga National Park, Assam state, including 14 threatened one-horned rhinos.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, A spokeswoman for Italian oil major Eni SpA said in a statement that repair work was ongoing on its Nembe-Obama pipeline and blamed sabotage for the spill from one of its pipelines in Nigeria's oil-rich southern delta.
    (AP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, An Ivory Coast official said 12 inmates have escaped from Abidjan's main prison, in the second prison break in two months. He said an alarm failed to function because of an electricity outage and that four inmates remained on the run after the weekend escape.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 9, A Malaysian official said customs officers have made the country's biggest drug bust so far this year, seizing nearly three million party drug pills worth 58.28 million ringgit ($18.4 million). The Erimin 5 pills were hidden in 20 boxes along with some goods including chewing tobacco. 5 people including a woman and her Bangladeshi husband have been arrested and faced a possible death sentence on suspicion of drug trafficking.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, In Morocco a bus speeding on a mountainous road along the Mediterranean crashed outside the city of Nador, killing 10 people and injuring 33 others. Another bus flipped over on the highway as it traveled between the Atlantic coast tourist destinations of Essaouira and Agadir, killing 17 people including those of a German and a Dutch tourist.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 9, In Pakistan gunmen killed 7 soldiers and a policeman in an attack on an army camp near Gujrat.
    (SFC, 7/10/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 9, Palestinian militants in Gaza fired a rocket which crashed into an uninhabited area of southern Israel without causing casualties or damage. The Israeli air force carried out an air raid on the Gaza Strip overnight, in retaliation for a Palestinian rocket attack.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 9, In Saudi Arabia 2 Shiites were killed in overnight clashes with police in the eastern province of Qatif following the arrest of a prominent Shiite cleric and government critic. The new deaths bring to nine the number of people killed in clashes between Saudi authorities and protesters in the Shiite-populated region.
    (AFP, 7/9/12)
2012        Jul 9, In Yemen two protesters were killed and a man was left "clinically dead" during clashes in the Mansoura district of Aden which for months has been controlled by southern separatists who have their own militia.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)

2013        Jul 9, Illinois became the last state in the US to allow public possession of concealed guns.
    (SFC, 7/10/13, p.A4)
2013        Jul 9, In NYC nine reputed members of the Bonanno crime family were charged in a 158-page indictment of mob activity.
    (SFC, 7/10/13, p.A4)
2013        Jul 9, An Afghan soldier opened fire on NATO troops at the Kandahar airfield. One Slovakian soldier was killed and 6 others wounded. A roadside bomb struck a motorcyle-drawn cart killing 17 civilians, including 4 children, in the Obi district of western Herat. A roadside bomb in Helmand province killed 3 civilians.
    (AP, 7/9/13)(Reuters, 7/9/13)(SFC, 7/10/13, p.A3)
2013        Jul 9, EU finance ministers in Brussels officially agreed to make Latvia the 18th member of the eurozone currency union. Latvia will start using the new currency on Jan 1, 2014.
    (AP, 7/9/13)
2013        Jul 9, In western China rescuers in Sichuan province pulled 3 people from a raging river following the collapse of the Qinglian bridge amid heavy flooding that has forced thousands to evacuate their homes. The two-lane bridge was built in 1967 and a replacement span was under construction.
    (AP, 7/9/13)
2013        Jul 9, A Cyprus criminal court found former defense minister Costas Papacostas guilty of manslaughter in the explosion of confiscated Iranian munitions in 2011 that killed 13 people and wrecked his country's main power station. On Aug 2 Papacostas was sentenced to 5 years in prison.
    (AP, 7/9/13)(AP, 8/2/13)
2013        Jul 9, Dagestan journalist Akhmednabi Akhmednabiyev, who wrote about alleged human rights abuses, was shot dead on the outskirts of Makhachkala.
    (Reuters, 7/9/13)
2013        Jul 9, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood rejected a new timetable announced by the military-backed interim leadership that sets a fast track for amending the Islamist-drafted constitution and holding new parliamentary and presidential elections by early next year.
    (AP, 7/9/13)
2013        Jul 9, Iranian security forces killed a man suspected of wanting to carry out a suicide bombing on a police headquarters in the southeastern city of of Chabahar.
    (Reuters, 7/9/13)
2013        Jul 9, In Lebanon a car bomb rocked a stronghold of the Shiite militant Hezbollah group south of Beirut, setting several cars on fire and wounding at least 53 people.
    (AP, 7/9/13)(SFC, 7/10/13, p.A3)
2013        Jul 9, A Nigerian court sentenced 4 of 8 alleged Islamic extremists to life in prison for two bombings that killed 19 people last year. The eight had been found guilty of masterminding and carrying out an April 8, 2012, bombing on an electoral commission office that killed 16 people and a July 10, 2012, bombing of a church that killed three.
    (AP, 7/9/13)
2013        Jul 9, In Russia Anatoly Iksanov (61), the chief of Moscow's Bolshoi Theater, was fired after months of infighting following an acid attack on its artistic director that has stained the reputation of one of the legendary names in world ballet.
    (AP, 7/9/13)(SFC, 7/10/13, p.A2)0
2013        Jul 9, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirate promised $8 billion in grants, loans and badly needed gas and oil to Egypt.
    (AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 9, In Somalia a bomb exploded inside Bakara market in Mogadishu, wounding at least 5 government soldiers aboard a military vehicle.
    (AP, 7/9/13)
2013        Jul 9, In Turkey Gezi Park in Istanbul, at the center of protests against PM Tayyip Erdogan's government, reopened after a night of clashes between police and protesters, but the mood among the small groups of visitors was calm.
    (Reuters, 7/9/13)

2014        Jul 9, The US Treasury Department sanctioned three companies suspected of aiding the Syrian government: Pangates International Corp., a petroleum company based in the United Arab Emirates, Expert Partners and Megatrade, two Syrian-based companies.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, The United States and China vowed to improve their economic and security cooperation, saying they wouldn't let persistent differences over maritime claims, cyberhacking and currency hamper a relationship critical to global peace and prosperity.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, A California jury ruled that the Los Angeles Dodgers were partly responsible for the March 31, 2011, beating of Giants fan Bryan Stow. The $18 million award would cost the Dodgers $15 million and his two attackers $3 million
    (SFC, 7/10/14, p.A1)
2014        Jul 9, A Colorado judge ruled that the state’s 2006 voter-approved ban on gay marriage violates the state and federal constitutions. The ruling was immediately put on hold pending appeal.
    (SFC, 7/10/14, p.A8)
2014        Jul 9, Former New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin was sentenced to 10 years in prison for bribery, money laundering and other corruption that spanned his two terms.
    (SFC, 7/10/14, p.A14)
2014        Jul 9, In Texas Ronald Lee Haskell (33) killed 2 adults and their 4 children at a suburban Houston home. A girl (15) was wounded. Haskell was estranged from a woman related to the couple and soon surrendered following a police chase.
    (SFC, 7/10/14, p.A9)(SFC, 7/11/14, p.A7)
2014        Jul 9, In southern Afghanistan insurgent suicide bombers and gunmen staged a deadly assault on government compounds in Kandahar. All 22 attackers were killed as well as 5 police and 4 civilians.
    (AP, 7/9/14)(SFC, 7/10/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 9, In Brazil some 200 Ghanaian Muslim tourists, who entered the country to watch World Cup games, asked for asylum. Ghana’s government rejected their claims.
    (SFC, 7/11/14, p.A2)(SSFC, 7/20/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 9, In Dagestan Said Amirov, the former mayor of Makhachkala (1988-2013), was sentenced to 10 years in jail on charges of plotting a "terrorist" attack to kill a political rival. He was long relied on by President Vladimir Putin to rule one of Russia's most violent cities.
    (Reuters, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, In Egypt a soldier was killed and four others wounded after an armored tank drove over an explosive device in Rafah, near the border with Israel.
    (Reuters, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, In France Yoo Somena, daughter of billionaire Yoo Byung-eun, faced extradition to South Korea based on suspicions of embezzling $8 million between 2004 and 2013. Yoo Byung-eun is the South Korean fugitive businessman believed linked to a deadly April ferry disaster.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, Greece's public sector workers began a 24-hour strike, shutting down public services and leaving state-run hospitals accepting only emergency cases to protest austerity policies imposed in return for the country's bailout. Public transport was not affected.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, In Indonesia some 190 million voters headed to the polls in a hotly contested election for president in Indonesia. Jakarta Gov. Joko Widodo and ex-army general Prabowo Subianto both declared a win after the quick count results were released. The election commission, which began tallying the votes, will produce the official results by July 22.
    (AP, 7/9/14)(AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 9, Iraqi officials discovered 53 bodies, many of them blindfolded and with their hands bound, in in the predominantly Shiite village of Khamissiya outside the city of Hillah, 95 km (60 miles) south of Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/9/14)(Reuters, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, Israel stepped up its offensive “Operation Protective Edge” on the Hamas-run Gaza Strip, pummeling scores of targets. Militants continued to fire rocket salvos deep into Israeli territory, and Israel mobilized thousands of forces along the Gaza border ahead of a possible ground operation. Palestinian officials said Israel’s offensive has killed at least 38 people over the last two days.
    (AP, 7/9/14)(Reuters, 7/9/14)(SSFC, 7/13/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 9, In Mexico 6 gunmen and a Guerrero state police officer died following an attack on a police station in Chilapa. Two days of gunbattles left a total of 13 people dead in the area known for growing opium poppies.
    (SFC, 7/11/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 9, Nicaragua’s government and HKND Group of Hong Kong unveiled the route for a proposed $40 billion canal to compete with the Panama Canal. Construction was expected to start this December.
    (SFC, 7/10/14, p.A6)
2014        Jul 9, Puerto Rico’s Senate announced the launch of an investigation into the payment of millions of dollars for overtime in government agencies.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, Russian officials said Ukrainian air force pilot Nadezhda Savchenko (31), has been arrested in Russia and charged with abetting the June 17 killing of two Russian journalists. She was captured by separatist rebels last month.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, Somalia's government fired the police and intelligence chiefs a day after Islamic militants attacked the heavily guarded presidential palace in Mogadishu.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, Spain’s Interior Ministry said police in Madrid have arrested 32 suspected members of Italy's Camorra crime group involved in drug trafficking, extortion, fraud and money laundering. Four arrests were also reported in Italy.
    (Reuters, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, A Swiss prosecutor brought charges against former Julius Baer private banker Rudolf Elmer for allegedly handing over confidential data to WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange and attempting to pass on files to German officials.
    (Reuters, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, Syria's Western-backed opposition, the National Coalition, elected Hadi al-Bahra, chief negotiator at the Geneva peace talks, as its new president after a three-day meeting in Istanbul.
    (Reuters, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, Syrian rebels rampaged through a Sunni village in the central province of Hama, firing indiscriminately at civilians and killing 14 people, including 7 women. At least 20 Islamic State fighters were reported killed as a result of Syrian government airstrikes targeting a training base for the group in the city of Raqqa.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, In northern Syria the Islamic State group captured three Kurdish villages near Kobani and pressed forward toward the border town. 18 Kurdish fighters were reported killed.
    (AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 9, Turkmenistan President Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov announced that a university entrance exam based on the Ruhnama, or "Book of the Soul," by former president Saparmurat Niyazov, would be abolished.
    (AP, 7/9/14)
2014        Jul 9, Three Ukrainian soldiers were killed in two night attacks in different parts of the east.
    (Reuters, 7/10/14)

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