138 Jul 10,
Publius A. Hadrianus (b.76), Roman emperor (117-138), died. He was
responsible for Hadrian's Wall in Britain, begun in 122.
552 Jul 10, Origin of Armenian
1057 Jul 10, Lady Godiva rode
naked on horseback throughout Coventry on a dare from her husband,
the Earl of Mercia, who abolished taxation in this year.
1086 Jul 10, Knut IV, the
Saint, king of Denmark (1080-86), was murdered.
1460 Jul 10, Wars of Roses:
Richard of York defeated King Henry VI at Northampton.
1509 Jul 10, John Calvin,
founder of Calvinism, the basis for modern Protestantism, was born.
1520 Jul 10, The explorer
Cortes was driven from Tenochtitlan, Mexico, by Aztec leader
Cuauhtemoc, and retreated to Tlaxcala.
1535 Jul 10, Jacob Van Campen,
Anabaptist bishop of Amsterdam, was beheaded.
1559 Jul 10, Henry II of France
died following a wound to the head by a tournament lance on June 30.
This allegedly fulfilled a prophecy by Nostradamus. Gabriel de
Lorges de Montgomery, captain of the Scottish Guards, accidentally
killed Henry II as they jousted in front of the Hotel Royal des
Tournelles. The widowed queen, Catherine de Medicis (d.1589), had
the royal residence demolished.
(TL-MB, 1988, p.19)(SFEM, 3/15/98, p.16)
1584 Jul 10, William of Orange
(1533-1584), Prince of Orange (1544-1584), Count of Nassau
(1559-1584), and first stadholder of the United Provinces of the
Netherlands, was assassinated by Burgundian Balthasar Gerard (25)
with a handgun. Philip II of Spain had called for a volunteer
assassin due to William’s reluctance take a public stand on
religious issues. William was succeeded by his 17-year-old son,
Maurice of Nassau. In 2006 Lisa Jardine authored “The Awful End of
Prince William the Silent."
(TL-MB, 1988, p.23)(WSJ, 4/5/06, p.D8)
1609 Jul 10, The Catholic
states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of
Maximillian of Bavaria.
1627 Jul 10, English fleet
under George Villiers reached La Rochelle, France, a Huguenot
(MC, 7/10/02)(WUD, 1994, p.808)
1679 Jul 10, The British crown
claimed New Hampshire as a royal colony.
1706 Jul 10, In Virginia Grace
Sherwood (d.1740), aka the Witch of Pungo, was forced to undergo a
trial by water under accusations of being a witch. She floated, a
sign of guilt, and was imprisoned for nearly 8 years. In 2006 the
governor of Virginia officially cleared her name.
1723 Jul 10, William Blackstone
(d.1780), English jurist (Blackstone's Commentaries), was born in
England. He wrote that: "Husband and wife are one, and that one is
the husband." His "Commentaries on the Laws of England" were a
dominant source for the men who ratified the US Constitution.
(WUD, 1994, p.155)(SFC, 7/18/98, p.A15)(WSJ,
1/25/99, p.A19)(MC, 7/10/02)
1747 Jul 10, Persian ruler
Nadir Shah was assassinated at Fathabad in Persia. The Afghans rise
rose again in revolt under the leadership of Ahmad Shah Abdali and
retook Kandahar to establish modern Afghanistan.
(www.afghan, 5/25/98)(HN, 7/10/98)
1775 Jul 10, Gen Horatio Gates,
issued an order excluding blacks from Continental Army. [see Oct 8]
1776 Jul 10, The statue of King
George III was pulled down in New York City.
1778 Jul 10, In support of the
American Revolution, Louis XVI declared war on England.
1797 Jul 10, 1st US frigate,
the "United States," was launched in Philadelphia.
1806 Jul 10, George Stubbs
(b.1724), British artist, died. His work included the publication
“Anatomy of the Horse" (1766).
1820 Jul 10, Captain Jairus of
the USRC Louisiana captured four pirate ships off Belize.
1830 Jul 10, Camille Pissarro
(d.1903), French impressionist painter, was born on the island of
St. Thomas in the West Indies. He studied as a child in Paris but
spent his early years as an artist in Caracas, Venezuela. In Paris
he became a devotee of the neo-Impressionist technique.
(WUD, 1994, p.1097)(DPCP 1984)(HN, 7/10/01)
1832 Jul 10, President Andrew
Jackson vetoed legislation to re-charter the Second Bank of the
1834 Jul 10, James Abbott
McNeil Whistler (d.1903), US expatriate painter famous for painting
his mother, was born.
(HN, 7/10/98)(WUD, 1994 p.1628)
1850 Jul 10, Millard Fillmore
(Whig) was sworn in as the 13th president following the death of
(SFC, 2/21/97, p.A25) (AP,
1862 Jul 10, Helene Schjerfbeck
(d.1946), Finnish painter, was born.
1863 Jul 10-Jul 16, In the
Battle of Jackson, MS, federals captured Jackson with 1000
casualties vs. 1339 for the Confederates.
1863 Jul 10, Clement Clarke
Moore (83), (alleged author of "'Twas the Night Before Xmas"), died
1864 Jul 10, During the siege
of Petersburg, General Ulysses S. Grant established a huge supply
center, called City Point, at the confluence of the James and
Appomattox rivers. After nearly 10 months of trench warfare,
Confederate resistance at Petersburg, Va., suddenly collapsed.
Desperate to save his army, Robert E. Lee called on his soldiers for
one last miracle.
1866 Jul 10, The Indelible
pencil was patented by Edson P. Clark of Northampton, Mass.
1871 Jul 10, Marcel Proust
(d.1922), French novelist was born. His masterpiece was "Remembrance
of Things Past." In 1998 it was turned into a comic book series. In
1999 Edmund White published the biography "Marcel Proust" for the
Penguin Lives series. "We are healed of a suffering only by
experiencing it to the full."
(SFC, 9/16/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 2/7/99, Par p.14)(AP,
1873 Jul 10, French poet Paul
Verlaine (1844-1896) wounded Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891) with a
1875 Jul 10, Mary McLeod
Bethune (d.1955), American educator, reformer and founder of the
Bethune-Cookman College in Florida and the National Council of Negro
Women, was born. "Invest in the human soul. Who knows, it might be a
diamond in the rough."
(AP, 7/9/97)(HN, 7/10/98)
1882 Jul 10, Ima Hogg, Texas
art patron, founder of Houston Symphony, was born.
1890 Jul 10, Wyoming became the
(AP, 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/98)
1895 Jul 10, Carl Orff,
composer (Carmina Burana/Antigonae; Mozart prize 1969), was born in
1905 Jul 10, Ivie Anderson,
jazz singer, was born.
1908 Jul 10, William Jennings
Bryan was nominated for president by the Democratic National
Convention in Denver.
1913 Jul 10, A temperature of
134 degrees was recorded in Death Valley. It was the highest ever
recorded in the US and later said to be a world record.
(SFEC, 11/14/99, p.T6)(AP, 7/23/03)(SFC,
1913 Jul 10, Rumania entered
the Second Balkan War and four days later the Ottoman Empire joined
the general assault on Bulgaria. Faced with four fronts, Bulgarian
armies were defeated piecemeal and the government at Sofia was
forced to seek peace. Atrocities were widespread. For example, in
pursuing the Bulgarian army Greek forces systematically burnt to the
ground all Macedonian villages they encountered, mass-murdering
their entire populations. Likewise, when the Greek army entered
Kukush (Kilkis) and occupied surrounding villages, about 400 old
people and children were imprisoned and killed. Nor did the Serbian
"liberators" lag behind in destruction and wanton slaughter
throughout Macedonia. In Bitola, Skopje, Shtip and Gevgelija, the
Serbian army, police and chetniks (guerrillas) committed their own
1914 Jul 10, The Boston Red Sox
purchased Babe Ruth (19) from the Baltimore Orioles for 30 pieces of
(Hem., 4/97, p.105)(MC, 7/10/02)
1915 Jul 10, Saul Bellow, Nobel
(1976) and Pulitzer Prize-winning American author and writer of
Jewish moral and social alarm (Herzog, Humboldt's Gift), was born in
Montreal. "A man is only as good as what he loves." In 2000 James
Atlas authored "Bellow: A Biography."
(AP, 9/30/98)(HN, 7/10/98)(SFEC, 10/15/00, BR
1919 Jul 10, President Wilson
personally delivered the Treaty of Versailles to the Senate and
urged its ratification.
1920 Jul 10, David Brinkley
(d.2003), broadcaster, was born in Wilmington, NC.
(HN, 7/10/01)(MC, 7/10/02)
1923 Jul 10, Jean Kerr
(d.2003), playwright and author, was born in Scranton, Pa. Her later
books included "Please Don’t Eat the Daisies."
(SFC, 1/7/03, p.A22)
1924 Jul 10, Denmark took
Greenland as Norway ended its claim.
1925 Jul 10, The Scopes "Monkey
Trial," started. It was the result of a conspiracy hatched at
Robinson's Drug Store in Dayton, Tenn. John Scopes, a young
high-school teacher, was to become the test case on the legality of
Tennessee's anti-evolution law. An aging William Jennings Bryan,
Nebraska fundamentalist and politician, was the prosecutor and
Clarence Darrow was Scopes' defense attorney. Earlier in 1925, the
Tennessee State legislature had passed a law making it illegal to
teach the theory of evolution in schools. Many people believed that
Darwin's theory contradicted the idea of biblical creation. The
trial, complete with the spectacle of a cynical Darrow interrogating
Bryan on the witness stand as "an expert on the Bible," aroused
national interest and caused heated controversy over Darwin's
evolution theory. Scopes was judged guilty and fined $100, but later
let off on a technicality. The trial coverage dealt a blow to
American anti-evolution forces. It was the first trial to be
broadcast by radio. Bryan died six days later.
(Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.74-76)(TMC, 1994,
1925 Jul 10, The official news
agency of the Soviet Union, TASS, was established.
1927 Jul 10, David Dinkins,
first African-American mayor of New York City, was born.
1931 Jul 10, Alice Munro,
Canadian writer (Open Secrets, Friend of my Youth), was born.
1933 Jul 10, Jerry Herman,
songwriter, was born.
1933 Jul 10, 1st police radio
system began operations at Eastchester Township, NY.
1938 Jul 10, Howard Hughes and
the "Yankee Clipper" began the 1st passenger flight around the world
flight from NYC. [see Jul 14]
1940 Jul 10, During World War
II, the 114-day Battle of Britain began as Nazi forces began
attacking southern England by air. By October 31, Britain managed to
repel the Luftwaffe, which suffered heavy losses. Reginald Mitchell
(1895-1937), the designer of the Spitfire, and Sydney Camm, the
designer of the Hurricane, were both saviors. Both fighters were
necessary to win the battle. The R.A.F.’s Fighter Command began the
Battle of Britain with about 650 Hurricanes and Spitfires, and lost
over 900 of same during the course of the battle; enormous
production of replacements made good the losses to such an extent
that at times during the battle, Fighter Command had over 900
operational Hurricanes and Spitfires. In his book "The Air War
1939-1945," Richard J. Overy wrote, ". . . the Spitfire took two and
a half times the man hours that it took to produce a Hurricane
fighter." In overall performance the Spitfire was slightly better
than the Hurricane, but the above production figures give some clue
to the Hurricane’s importance. Re the Luftwaffe heavy bomber: The
Luftwaffe had a couple of four-engine bombers, the Heinkel He-177
and the Focke Wulf FW-200, but neither were produced in large
numbers, and neither were in the same league as the American B-17,
B-24, or B-29, or the British Lancaster. Hitler was fascinated by
high-tech "super weapons" and attempted to produce them at the
expense of more worthwhile, conventional ones. This was a guy who,
when nearly everyone else knew Germany was finished, wanted to build
a 1,500-ton tank and a long-range rocket to attack the United
(AP, 7/10/97)(ON, 3/07, p.2)(ExH, 3/23/98)
1940 Jul 10-1940 Oct 31, The
Battle of Britain in July-October of 1940 was an earth-shakingly
decisive campaign (not just a battle). Hermann Goering’s Luftwaffe
gathered over 2,500 combat planes for a bombing campaign that would
be a prelude to "Operation Sea Lion" (an invasion of Britain).
British Air Marshall Hugh C. Dowding’s Royal Air Force’s Fighter
Command could muster about 650 decent fighters (Hurricanes and
Spitfires). The Luftwaffe came perilously close to wearing down the
R.A.F., but at about that time, a German bomber accidentally dropped
bombs on London, Churchill bombed Berlin, and Hitler switched the
Luftwaffe’s attack from the R.A.F. to London, giving the R.A.F. a
breather. The Luftwaffe’s bombers carried too small a bomb load for
a strategic bombing campaign and were inadequately armed to defend
themselves against R.A.F. fighters. The Luftwaffe’s Me-109 fighter
lacked the range to provide sufficient escort for the bombers, which
were massacred by Hurricanes and Spitfires. The Germans knew that
the British radar installations existed, and did launch some attacks
upon them, but never realized how vital radar truly was in directing
R.A.F. fighters to intercept raiding aircraft. In 1969 the film
“Battle of Britain" starred Laurence Olivier as Hugh C. Dowding. In
2010 James Holland authored “The Battle of Britain: Five Months That
(ExC, JWL, 3/20/98)(WSJ, 1/9/09, p.W10)(Econ,
1941 Jul 10, Jelly Roll Morton
(b.1885 as Ferdinand Joseph Le Menthe), jazz musician, died in Los
Angeles, Ca. He was a virtuoso pianist, bandleader and composer who
some call the first true composer of jazz music. Morton was a
colorful character who liked to generate publicity for himself by
bragging. His business card referred to him as the "Creator of Jazz
and Swing." He was born September 20, 1890 in the Creole of
Color community in the Faubourg Marigny neighborhood of downtown New
Orleans, Louisiana. He took the name "Morton" by Anglicizing the
name of his step-father, Mouton. In 2003 Howard Reich and William
Gaines authored "Jelly's Blues: The Life, Music and Redemption of
Jelly Roll Morton." In 2005 Rounder Records released an 8-CD set
titled “Jelly Roll Morton: The Complete Library of Congress
Recordings by Alan Lomax."
1941 Jul 10, In Jedwabne,
Poland, some 300-400 Jews were herded into a barn by the local
villagers and burned to death. In 1949 a communist-era court
convicted 12 Poles in the massacre, saying they assisted German
forces in the killings. In 2001 Jan Tomasz authored "Neighbors: The
Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne." According to
Gross, some 1,600 Jews were killed in Jedwabne.
(SFC, 3/16/01, p.A16)(SFC, 3/31/01, p.A12)(AP,
1942 Jul 10, General Carl
Spaatz became the head of the U.S. Air Force in Europe.
1942 Jul 10, Himmler ordered
the sterilization of all Jewish woman in Ravensbruck Camp.
1943 Jul 10, Arthur Ashe, first
black tennis player to win the U.S. Championship and Wimbledon, was
1943 Jul 10, US and British
forces completed their amphibious landing in Sicily in Operation
(AP, 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/01)(MC, 7/10/02)
1945 Jul 10, U.S. carrier-based
aircraft began airstrikes against Japan in preparation for invasion.
1947 Jul 10, Camilla Parker
Bowles, lover of Prince Charles, was born.
1947 Jul 10, Arlo Guthrie,
singer (Alice's Restaurant, City of New Orleans), was born in
1947 Jul 10, Orenthal James
Simpson (OJ Simpson), football star, acquitted in trial for the
murder of his ex-wife, was born.
1949 Jul 10, 1st practical
rectangular TV tube was announced in Toledo, Oh.
1950 Jul 10, "Your Hit Parade"
premiered on NBC (later CBS) TV.
1951 Jul 10, In San Francisco
Dashiell Hammett, mystery writer, was sentenced to 6 months in
prison for refusing to tell where the Communist party got its bail
money. Hammett, who was born in Maryland in 1894, was a Pinkerton
detective for eight years and served in the Ambulance Corps in World
War I before he began his writing career. Author of The Maltese
Falcon (1930) and The Thin Man (1932), Hammett became heavily
involved in left-wing political activity in 1934. He was later a
trustee of the Civil Rights Congress. Hammett died in 1961.
(SFC, 7/6/01, WBb p.8)(HNPD, 9/24/98)
1951 Jul 10, In London,
England, Randolph Turpin (1928-1966), a black British boxer,
defeated world champion Sugar Ray Robinson. Turpin lost a rematch 64
days later in NY.
(SSFC, 10/28/07, p.M3)(http://tinyurl.com/2sxhce)
1951 Jul 10, Armistice talks
aimed at ending the Korean conflict began at Kaesong.
(AP, 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/98)
1953 Jul 10, American forces
withdrew from Pork Chop Hill in Korea after heavy fighting.
1953 Jul 10, In San Francisco
The Chronicle newspaper began calling itself “The Voice of the West"
on its editorial pages. It adopted the name for Page One on August
(SSFC, 6/7/09, p.W3)
1953 Jul 10, Pravda reported
that Lavrenti P. Beria, Stalin's ruthless chief of intelligence and
member of the Soviet Presidium (1899-1953), had been ousted and
arrested. [see Jun 26]
(WUD, 1994, p.1685)(MC, 7/10/02)
1954 Jul 10, Pres. Eisenhower
signed Public Law 480, the Agricultural Trade Development and
Assistance Act of 1954, which later became known as the “Food for
1956 Jul 10, 650,000 US steel
workers went on strike.
1958 Jul 10, A largest tsunami
on record was caused by the fall of 90 million tons of rock and ice
into Lituya Bay, Alaska, following a local earthquake. The wave
washed 500 meters up a mountain on the opposite shore.
(CW, Spring ‘99, p.30)
1962 Jul 10, Martin Luther King
Jr. was arrested during a demonstration in Georgia.
1962 Jul 10, The communications
satellite Telstar, developed by Bell Labs, was launched from Cape
Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the
(AP, 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/98)(WSJ, 8/21/06, p.A2)
1964 Jul 10, The Four Tops
released "Baby I Need Your Loving" on the Motown label. In 1967
Johnny Rivers also recorded a hit version.
1971 Jul 10, In Morocco a coup
against King Hassan at the Skhirat palace failed. Nearly 100 guests
were killed. The coup leaders were executed three days later. The
army officers were angered by Hassan's abandonment of thousands of
square miles in an Algerian border war.
(WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(SFC, 7/24/99, p.A9)(SFEC,
1972 Jul 10, During an extended
drought a herd of stampeding elephants killed 24 in the Chandka
Forest of India.
1973 Jul 10, The Bahamas became
independent after three centuries of British colonial rule.
(SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 7/10/97)
1973 Jul 10, Italian Red
Brigades kidnapped and held hostage Jean Paul Getty III (1956-2011),
nephew of Gordon Getty. Only after his ear was chopped off and sent
to a Rome paper did his father J. Paul Getty II, agree to lend money
for a ransom. After 5 months Getty senior negotiated a deal and got
his grandson back for $2.7 million. Paul III was permanently
affected by the trauma, and became a drug addict.
p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Paul_Getty)(SFC, 2/9/11, p.A4)
1974 Jul 10, The World Football
League played its first games.
1976 Jul 10, There was an
explosion at a factory in Seveso, Lombardy, Italy, owned by ICMESA
with a Swiss parent company. It produced a cloud of Dioxin which
settled over several adjacent communities. The people exposed
became nauseated, experienced eye and throat irritations, developed
burn-like sores on exposed skin, headaches, dizziness and diarrhea
-- the same symptoms recorded by exposed Vietnamese and Cambodian
populations. In the next two days, small animals in the area
began to die. The contamination led to a high incidence of birth
1978 Jul 10, ABC-TV premiered
“World News Tonight" with anchors Frank Reynolds, Peter Jennings and
1978 Jul 10, John D.
Rockefeller III (b.1906), US billionaire and philanthropist, died.
1978 Jul 10, In Mauritania Col.
Mustapha Ould Salek overthrew Pres. Moktar Ould Daddah.
(WUD, 1994, p.1691)
1979 Jul 10, Conductor Arthur
Fiedler, who had led the Boston Pops orchestra for a half-century,
died in Brookline, Mass., at age 84.
1980 Jul 10, "True West" by Sam
Shepard premiered in SF and became a stage hit. It was a comic drama
of fraternal rivalry and family angst.
1981 Jul 10, Isabel Peron,
ex-president of Argentina, flew in exile to Spain after being
paroled following conviction for corrupt practices.
1982 Jul 10, Pope John Paul II
named Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin of Cincinnati to succeed the
late Cardinal John Cody as head of the Archdiocese of Chicago.
1985 Jul 10, Bowing to pressure
from irate customers, the Coca-Cola Company said it would resume
selling old-formula Coke, while continuing to sell New Coke.
1982 Jul 10, Maria Jeritza
[Jedlicka] (b.1887), Moravia-born-US, singer (Metropolitan Opera),
died in New Jersey.
1982 Jul 10, In Germany Kalinka
Bamberski (14) was found dead in her bed in the home of Dr. Dieter
Krombach. The girl and her mother had moved in with Krombach after
her parents' separation. The girl's father, Andre Bamberski,
believed that Krombach gave his daughter a dangerous injection to
make her lose consciousness so he could rape her, leading to her
death. France convicted Krombach in absentia in 1995 of "intentional
violence that led to unintentional death" and sentenced him to 15
years in prison. In 1997 Krombach was convicted in a German court to
a two-year suspended sentence and suspended from medical practice
after pleading guilty to drugging and raping a 16-year-old girl in
his office. In 2009 Krombach (74) was kidnapped from his German
town, tied up, and appeared near the courthouse in the eastern
French city of Mulhouse. Andre Bamberski later acknowledged
involvement, and was hit with preliminary charges of kidnapping. In
2011 Krombach was sentenced to 15 years in prison for "intentional
violence that led to unintentional death." On Dec 20, 2012, a French
court upheld the conviction against Krombach. Kidnapping charges
were still pending against Bamberski.
1985 Jul 10, Bowing to pressure
from irate customers, the Coca-Cola Company said it would resume
selling old-formula Coke, while continuing to sell New Coke.
1985 Jul 10, French security
forces sank the Rainbow Warrior, a ship operated by Greenpeace near
NZ. Fernando Pereira, a Dutch photographer, was killed in the
(SFC, 5/7/99, p.A14)(AP, 7/9/05)
1985 Jul 10, A Soviet Tu-154
crashed in Uzbekistan and all 200 people aboard were killed.
1987 Jul 10, Lt. Col. Oliver
North told the Iran-Contra committees that the late CIA director
William J. Casey had embraced a fund created by arms sales to Iran
because it could be used for secret operations other than supplying
1988 Jul 10, Lester Garnier
(30), an off-duty SF vice cop, was shot and killed in a Walnut
Creek, Ca., parking lot. His murder remained unsolved and a new
investigation was begun in 1998. Sgt. Robert Guinan allegedly spread
rumors that Inspector Vince Repetto was responsible. Repetto sued
the police dept. In 2008 Walnut creek police identified Catherine
Kuntz (44) of Florida as a prime suspect in the murder. Kuntz was
deported to Scotland in Dec 2008.
(SFC, 5/21/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A17)(SFC,
6/4/08, p.A1)(SFC, 2/2/09, p.A11)
1988 Jul 10, Opposition party
activists in Mexico blocked a bridge linking their country to the
United States, charging that Mexico's recent presidential election
was marked by widespread fraud.
1989 Jul 10, Mel Blanc (81),
the "man of a thousand voices," including such cartoon characters as
Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Sylvester and Tweety, Tazmanian
Devil, Wile E. Coyote and Roadrunner, died in Los Angeles.
(AP, 7/10/99)(SFC, 1/16/03, p.A19)
1990 Jul 10, The American
League shut out the National League, 2-to-0, in the 61st All-Star
1990 Jul 10, Mikhail S.
Gorbachev handily won re-election as leader of the Soviet Communist
1991 Jul 10, President Bush
lifted economic sanctions against South Africa, citing its "profound
transformation" toward racial equality.
1991 Jul 10, President Bush
announced he was appointing Alan Greenspan to a second term as
Federal Reserve chairman.
1991 Jul 10, Boris N. Yeltsin
took the oath of office as the first elected president of the
1992 Jul 10, A federal judge in
Miami sentenced former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega, convicted
of drug and racketeering charges, to 40 years in prison. However, a
judge in March, 1998, cut Noriega's sentence by ten years, meaning
he could be eligible for parole in 2000.
(WSJ, 3/28/96,p.A-1)(AP, 7/10/99)
1992 Jul 10, A New York jury
found Pan Am responsible for allowing a terrorist bomb to destroy
Flight 103 in 1988, killing 270 people.
1992 Jul 10, The European Space
Agency photographed the nucleus of Haley’s Comet.
(SFC, 10/2/07, p.A6)
1993 Jul 10, President Clinton
ended his visit to Japan, then traveled to South Korea, where in a
speech to the National Assembly he denounced communist North Korea
for raising the specter of "nuclear annihilation."
1993 Jul 10, Kenyan runner
Yobes Ondieki became the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than
1994 Jul 10, In the first
meeting of its kind, Russian President Boris Yeltsin joined leaders
of the Group of Seven nations for political talks following their
annual economic summit in Naples, Italy.
1995 Jul 10, President Clinton
embraced mandatory ratings for TV programs and legislation to put
parental-control chips in new sets.
1995 Jul 10, The defense opened
its case at the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles.
1995 Jul 10, In Burma Aung San
Suu Kyi was released after six years of house arrest. She later
charged that the military regime doesn't want democratic reform.
(SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-1)
1996 Jul 10, Ross Perot said on
CNN he would make a second run for president if nominated by the
Reform Party, putting him in contention with former Colorado Gov.
Richard Lamm, who'd announced his candidacy the day before.
1996 Jul 10, In a tough speech
to Congress laying out conditions for Mideast negotiations, Israeli
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu demanded that Syria and the
Palestinians stop terrorists from attacking Israel.
1997 Jul 10, President Clinton,
visiting Poland, told a Warsaw square filled with cheering Poles
that "never again will your fate be decided by others." He announced
a successful drive to bring Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic
into NATO by 1999.
1997 Jul 10, RJR Nabisco
Holdings said it would phase out the Joe Camel cartoon character
used for advertising their cigarettes.
(WSJ, 7/11/97, p.B1)
1997 Jul 10, The DNA from the
arm bone of Neanderthal man found in 1856 was found to represent a
separate human species. Scientists in London said DNA from a
Neanderthal skeleton supported a theory that all humanity descended
from an "African Eve" 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A1)(AP, 7/10/98)
1997 Jul 10, In Bosnia in
Operation Tango NATO forces captured Milan Kovacevic, a physician
who was the 2nd ranking officer in the Prijedor City Hall during the
war. An attempt to capture Simo Drljaca, a leader of local "ethnic
cleansing" led to a shootout and his death.
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A17)
1997 Jul 10, In Britain
thousands of rural people showed up at Hyde Park to defend the sport
of fox and deer hunting. A bill to ban the hunting of foxes, deer,
hares and mink with dogs was being considered.
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A10)
1997 Jul 10, ASEAN foreign
ministers voted to suspend Cambodia’s pending membership. The US
announced a 3/4 reduction of staff and some aid. More than 50 people
were dead after 2 days of fighting.
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A12)
1997 Jul 10, In the Central
African Republic Pres. Patasse reconciled with 300 mutinous
(WSJ, 7/11/97, p.A1)
1997 Jul 10, Paramilitary
police suppressed protests in Mianyang city in Sichuan province
where more than 100,000 unemployed textile workers demanded
government assistance and accused local officials of stealing their
(SFC, 7/18/97, p.A12)
1997 Jul 10, In Northern
Ireland the Orange Order canceled plans to march through Catholic
neighborhoods in 2 main cities over the weekend.
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A10)
1997 Jul 10, A mudslide in
Izumi on Kyushu island, Japan, killed 21 people and injured 14.
(SFC, 7/12/97, p.C1)
1997 Jul 10, In Papua New
Guinea Gen’l. Jerry Singirok, leader of the March revolt against
prime minister Chan, was decommissioned. Elections were completed
and a new government was to be announced at the end of the month.
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A11)
1997 Jul 10, Torrential rains
in Poland and the Czech Republic killed at least 39 people and
forced thousands from their homes.
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A11)
1997 Jul 10, In Switzerland a 3
year pilot heroin distribution program was declared a success.
(SFC, 7/11/97, p.A14)
1998 Jul 10, Bringing to a
close one of the biggest sex scandals ever to hit the Roman Catholic
Church, the Diocese of Dallas agreed to pay $23.4 million to nine
former altar boys who said they had been molested by a priest.
1988 Jul 10, Lester Garnier
(30), an off-duty SF vice cop, was shot and killed in a Walnut Creek
parking lot. His murder remained unsolved and a new investigation
was begun in 1998. Sgt. Robert Guinan allegedly spread rumors that
Inspector Vince Repetto was responsible. Repetto sued the police
dept. In 2008 Walnut creek police identified a woman possibly
involved in the murder.
(SFC, 5/21/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A17)(SFC,
1998 Jul 10, Police in England
and Ireland arrested 9 people and thwarted a plot to bomb central
London. The arrested were members of the 32 County Sovereignty
Committee, a hard-line dissident Catholic group opposed to the peace
settlement that was led by Bernadette Sands. Her husband, Michael
McKevitt, was the reputed leader of the Real IRA.
(SFC, 7/11/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)(SFC,
1998 Jul 10, Serbian soldiers
killed four Albanian arms smugglers and seized anti-tank mines.
(SFC, 7/11/98, p.A11)
1998 Jul 10, In South Africa 8
people were gunned down in the Kwa-Zulu-Natal town of Richmond.
Pres. Mandela spoke out against the police after another 15 were
killed with no arrests. 40 people had been killed since May.
(SFC, 7/13/98, p.A8)(SFC, 7/28/98, p.A8)
1999 Jul 10, In Pasadena the US
women won the Women's World Cup in soccer against the team from
China in a 5-4 kick-off following a 0-0 tie after double overtime.
(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A1)
1999 Jul 10, In Colombia the
government declared a dawn-to-dusk curfew across over 30% of the
country as guerrillas attacked security forces, raided 15 towns and
bombed energy infrastructure. 64 guerrillas, 6 civilians and 3
policemen were reported killed in the last 24 hours.
(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A19)
1999 Jul 10, In Northern
Ireland the Parades Commission reversed a previous ban and gave the
Protestant Orange Order permission to gather at Ormeau Park on July
12 after the parade route was altered.
(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A24)
1999 Jul 10, In India the prime
minister said most of the Pakistani soldiers had been cleared out of
the Indian side of Kashmir.
(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A26)
1999 Jul 10, In Iran some
25,000 gather to protest against Ayatollah Ali Khamenei in Tehran.
(SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A17)
1999 Jul 10, In Nigeria clashes
began between the Yorubas, mostly Christians, and Hausas, northern
Muslims, that left at least 60 people dead in the southwestern city
(SFC, 8/24/99, p.A10)
1999 Jul 10, In Zambia 5
nations involved in the Congo civil war signed a peace accord.
(SFC, 8/2/99, p.A12)
2000 Jul 10, Pres. Clinton
moved to establish an 84 million gallon stockpile of heating oil for
(SFC, 7/11/00, p.A7)
2000 Jul 10, Texas Governor
George W. Bush, facing a skeptical audience, told the NAACP
convention in Baltimore that "the party of Lincoln has not always
carried the mantle of Lincoln," and promised to work to improve
2000 Jul 10, Justin Pierce
(25), actor, committed suicide by hanging himself in hotel room of
the Bellagio Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada. His last movie, Looking for
Leonard (2002), was not released until two years after his death
because production had been halted due to lack of funds. His
character subsequently disappeared from the film without
explanation. He was born March 21, 1975 in Paddington, London,
2000 Jul 10, DASA (minus MTU)
merged with Aerospatiale-Matra of France and Construcciones
Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain to form the European Aeronautic
Defence and Space Company (EADS). DASA was founded as Deutsche
Aerospace AG on May 19, 1989 by the merger of Daimler-Benz's
aerospace interests (MTU, Dornier and two divisions of AEG). In July
1989 the two AEG divisions were themselves merged within Deutsche
Aerospace to form Telefunken Systemtechnik (TST). In December 1989
Daimler-Benz acquired Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) and merged it
2000 Jul 10, In Israel Pres.
Ezer Weizman resigned following his alleged improper acceptance of
$453,000 from Edouard Sarousi, a French textile magnate.
(SFC, 7/11/00, p.A9)(AP, 7/10/01)
2000 Jul 10, In Kosovo an
Albanian boy (5) was killed when an American soldier’s rifle
(SFC, 7/11/00, p.A14)
2000 Jul 10, In Mexico Augustin
Vasquez Mendoza was arrested in Tehuacan. In 2005 he was extradited
from Mexico to the United States to stand trial for his role in the
murder of DEA Special Agent Richard Fass in Glendale, Arizona, on
June 30, 1994.
2000 Jul 10, In Nigeria over
100 people, many of them children, were burned to death after a
damaged gasoline pipe exploded near the villages of Adeje and
Oviri-Court in the Niger Delta. The toll was later raised to 200.
(SFC, 7/12/00, p.A8)(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A12)
2000 Jul 10, In the Philippines
a garbage dump in Quezon City, a Manila suburb, collapsed and burst
into flames. At least 124 people were killed in the Lupang Pangako
shantytown at the Payatas dump. The camp was called the Promised
Land. 200 were feared to have died.
(SFC, 7/11/00, p.A14)(WSJ, 7/111/00, p.A1)(SFC,
7/12/00, p.A10)(SFC, 7/13/00, p.C4)(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A24)
2000 Jul 10, In Russia Oleg
Belonenko, director of the Uralmashzadov machine-tool manufacturing
operation, was killed by 2 gunmen in Yekaterinburg.
(SFC, 7/11/00, p.A10)
2000 Jul 10, In Togo UN Sec.
Gen. Kofi Annan opened a summit conference of the Organization of
(SFC, 7/11/00, p.A12)
2001 Jul 10, In Seattle the
American League beat the National League 4:1 in the annual All-Star
game at Safeco Field.
(SFC, 7/11/01, p.A1)
2001 Jul 10, The White House
backed off a plan to let religious groups that receive federal
money, such as the Salvation Army, ignore local laws that ban
discrimination against gays and lesbians.
2001 Jul 10, George Tenet,
director of the CIA, allegedly met with Condoleeza Rice and warned
her of an imminent al-Qaida attack. News of the meeting was only
made public in 2006.
(SFC, 10/2/06, p.A4)
2001 Jul 10, For the second
time in a month, a jury in New York rejected the death penalty for
one of the men convicted in the bombings of two U.S. embassies in
Africa, opting instead for life in prison without parole.
2001 Jul 10, Kenneth Williams,
an FBI agent in Phoenix, Arizona, issued a memorandum that requested
detailed examination of US flight schools for al Qaeda terrorists.
Mid-level officials rejected the request. [see Jul 5]
(SFC, 5/22/02, p.A18)
2001 Jul 10, In North Carolina
3 Marines were killed in a helicopter crash near Camp Lejeune.
(SFC, 7/11/01, p.A5)
2001 Jul 10, In England police
confronted white and South Asian gangs in a 3rd night of racial
violence in Bradford.
(SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)
2001 Jul 10, Protestant
militants withdrew support for the Northern Ireland peace accord.
(WSJ, 7/11/01, p.A1)
2001 Jul 10, Israel destroyed
at least 10 Palestinian structures in Rafah in the Gaza Strip and
ignited a fierce gun battle.
(WSJ, 7/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/11/01, p.A7)
2001 Jul 10, In Kashmir 25
people were killed as India pressed an offensive against Islamic
(SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)
2001 Jul 10, In Jedwabne,
Poland, Pres. Kwasniewski apologized for a wartime massacre of Jews.
(SFC, 7/11/01, p.A7)
2001 Jul 10, The South Africa
government ordered the demolition of shacks on the squatter occupied
land in Bredell. 1-2 thousand shacks were expected to be destroyed.
(SFC, 7/13/01, p.A15)
2001 Jul 10, In Madrid, Spain,
a policeman was killed by a bomb. Basque rebels were blamed.
(WSJ, 7/12/01, p.A1)
2002 Jul 10, A unified US
Senate approved harsh new penalties for corporate fraud and
document-shredding as part of an accounting oversight bill. The
House approved, 310-113, a measure to allow pilots to carry guns in
the cockpit to defend their planes against terrorists. President
George W. Bush later signed the measure into law.
2002 Jul 10, The Dow Jones fell
282 to 8,813.5 and Nasdaq closed down 35 to 1,346.
(SFC, 7/11/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 10, The first summit
of the African Union ended with lofty promises of a new era of
economic development and good government on a continent plagued by
poverty and oppression.
2002 Jul 10, It was reported
that Britain planned to downgrade marijuana possession to a Class C
(SFC, 7/10/02, p.A12)
2002 Jul 10, In Cyprus a
military helicopter crashed during a nighttime training exercise,
killing the commander of the east Mediterranean island's military
and the air force chief. Two crew members and a navy officer on
board were also killed.
2002 Jul 10, Palestinian gunmen
shot and killed an Israeli army lieutenant on patrol in the southern
Gaza Strip, and Israeli troops fatally shot a 19-year-old
Palestinian in the West Bank.
2002 Jul 10, In the Russian
Baltic enclave of Kaliningrad a man was killed when a sign with an
offensive slogan exploded as he tried to remove it from a park.
2002 Jul 10, Two people were
hacked to death and a police station was overrun by armed tribesmen
who stole ballot boxes and freed prisoners in the latest
election-related violence in Papua, New Guinea.
2003 Jul 10, Pres. Bush met
with Pres. Festus Mogae in Botswana. Bush said that AIDS is "the
deadliest enemy Africa has ever faced" and pledged to the nation
with the world's highest AIDS infection rate that it would have a
strong partner in his administration in fighting the disease.
(SFC, 7/10/03, p.A8)(AP, 7/10/08)
2003 Jul 10, The oldest planet
ever detected is nearly 13 billion years old and more than twice the
size of Jupiter, locked in orbit around a whirling pulsar and a
white dwarf located near the heart of a globular star cluster some
5,600 light-years from Earth in the constellation Scorpius.
2003 Jul 10, In Burundi recent
fighting left an estimated 170 people killed according to a UN
estimate. 6,000 to 7,000 others had been forced to flee their homes.
2003 Jul 10, Cuba signed an
operating agreement with the Port of Corpus Christi, an agreement
that could help erode the long-standing US embargo of the island.
2003 Jul 10, Lord Shawcross
(101), Britain's chief prosecutor at the Nazi war crimes trials in
Nuremberg, died in Cowbeech, England.
2003 Jul 10, Framers of the
European Union's first constitution finalized their draft charter
but failed to settle differences over how much power national
governments would cede to Brussels.
2003 Jul 10, Unemployment in
Germany was reported to be around 11% with social spending close to
30% of the gross domestic product.
(WSJ, 7/10/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 10, In Hong Kong a
double-decker bus collided with a truck and plunged off a bridge,
killing 21 people and injuring 20 more.
2003 Jul 10, In the southern
Philippines a bomb exploded in a crowded market, killing at least
three people and injuring 26 others, including many children.
2003 Jul 10, Spain's Pres.
Aznar began a visit to 3 US states, California, New Mexico and
Texas, to promote trade and cultural connections.
(SFC, 7/11/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 10, Spain unveiled its
first mosque since 1492 when the Moors were expelled.
2003 Jul 10, In southeastern
Turkey suspected Kurdish rebels raided a village, killing four
villagers and injuring another.
2004 Jul 10, President Bush
said in his weekly radio address that legalizing gay marriage would
redefine the most fundamental institution of civilization, and that
a constitutional amendment was needed to protect traditional
2004 Jul 10, In Iraq US Marines
clashed with insurgents in Ramadi, a city known as a stronghold of
Saddam Hussein supporters, killing 3 of the attackers and wounding 5
others. Saboteurs attacked a natural gas pipeline that feeds into a
northern power station.
2004 Jul 10, Four U.S. Marines
were killed in a vehicle accident while conducting security
operations in Anbar, an area of western Iraq.
2004 Jul 10, In northwest
Colombia suspected leftist guerrillas shot and killed seven rural
peasants in an attack on a small village.
2004 Jul 10, Maria de Lourdes
Pintasilgo (74), the only woman to serve as Portugal's prime
minister (1979), died of heart failure.
2004 Jul 10, Sudan, under
international pressure to take action to end the humanitarian crisis
in Darfur, agreed with Chad to deploy a joint force along their
2004 Jul 10, In northern Yemen
5 policemen were killed as security forces continued an offensive
against followers of a Shiite dissident, firing missiles on the
militant's mountain hideout.
2005 Jul 10, Police in LA
killed Jose Raul Pena (34) as well as Susie Marie Lopez (19 months)
as Pena fired at police while holding the child.
(SFC, 7/12/05, p.A3)
2005 Jul 10, Hurricane Dennis
swamped homes, ripped off roofs and felled power lines and trees
when it hurtled into northwest Florida and Alabama with 120-mph
(190-kph) winds. The storm left at least 16 dead in Haiti. Dennis
killed at least 16 people in Cuba, damaged or destroyed 15,000 homes
and caused an estimated $1.4 billion in property damage. Dennis
killed at least 62 people, the majority in the Caribbean.
(Reuters, 7/11/05)(WSJ, 7/11/05, p.A1)(AP,
2005 Jul 10, In Mississippi 2
Canadian National Railroad freight trains collided outside Bentonia
and 4 crewmen were killed.
(WSJ, 7/11/05, p.A1)
2005 Jul 10, In eastern
Afghanistan the body of a missing US commando was located in Kunar
province. The location and disposition of the service member's
remains indicate he died while fighting off enemy terrorists on or
about June 28.
2005 Jul 10, In Britain a
Pakistani man was killed in a suspected racial attack in the central
city of Nottingham.
2005 Jul 10, In Canada 2 small
biplanes simulating a World War I dogfight collided at an air show
in Saskatchewan, killing both pilots instantly.
2005 Jul 10, China said
torrential rains in the southwest have killed 65 people over the
past two weeks and forced more than 428,000 to flee their homes in
2005 Jul 10, Vidal Cerrato
(63), a former vice president of Honduras (1998-2001) and a
representative of the Central American Parliament, died.
2005 Jul 10, In India suspected
Naga rebels bombed an army convoy, killing two soldiers and
critically wounding six others in Manipur.
2005 Jul 10, In Iraq Abdullah
Ibrahim Mohammed Hassan al Shadad (or Abu Abdul Aziz), another
al-Qaida in Iraq lieutenant, was captured.
2005 Jul 10, A man strapped
with explosives blew himself up at an Iraqi military recruiting
center in Baghdad killing 25 people. 2 US Marines were killed by
indirect fire in Hit. 4 insurgents were killed in Tal Afar. 2
suicide car bombers killed at least 7 Iraqi customs officials along
the Syrian border. 8 members of a Shiite family, including a
2-year-old, were shot to death in their sleep. The father suspected
it was a sectarian crime. The body of kidnapped Iraqi karate
association chief Ali Shakir was found floating in the Tigris river
southeast of Baghdad. An Iraqi commando brigade detained 10 Sunnis,
who were later found tortured and suffocated in a container. Attacks
left over 50 people dead.
(AP, 7/10/05)(SFC, 7/11/05, p.A1)(SFC, 7/12/05,
2005 Jul 10, Kyrgyzstan held
presidential elections. With more than three-quarters of the ballots
counted from 95 percent of the districts, Kurmanbek Bakiev (Bakiyev)
received nearly 89 percent of the vote. He had teamed up with Felix
Kulov, his most serious rival, by promising him the position of
(AP, 7/11/05)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.39)
2005 Jul 10, Luxembourg voters
ratified the EU’s proposed constitution referendum.
2005 Jul 10, In Northern
Ireland police using a steel barricade prevented Protestant
hard-liners from parading through the main Catholic section of
2005 Jul 10, Puerto Ricans
voted to do away with half their lawmakers, endorsing a referendum
for a one-house legislature.
2005 Jul 10, In Sri Lanka 4
Tiger rebels were killed at their LTTE office in Trimcomalee,
despite a ceasefire. Violence in the area quickly escalated. The
government denied responsibility for the attack.
2005 Jul 10, Sudan's new
presidency on Sunday lifted the state of emergency in Sudan, except
in the conflict-torn regions of Darfur and the east.
2005 Jul 10, On Turkey's Aegean
coast a bomb exploded in a popular resort town of Cesme, wounding
about 20 people, including two foreign tourists.
2006 Jul 10, A US presidential
commission urged Washington to spend $80 million to help
nongovernmental groups hasten change in Cuba, but some dissidents
here said the move would do them more harm than good.
2006 Jul 10, Colorado Gov. Bill
Owens cut a deal with Democratic leaders on a package of bills to
deny some state services to illegal immigrants and to punish
employers who hire them.
(SFC, 7/12/06, p.A8)
2006 Jul 10, In Berkeley, Ca.,
Cody’s flagship bookstore on Telegraph Ave. opened and closed for
the last time, one day after celebrating its 50th anniversary. Its
last store on Shattuck Ave. closed in 2008.
(SFC, 7/10/06, p.B1)(SFC, 6/23/08, p.A7)
2006 Jul 10, In NYC a
four-story townhouse collapsed and burned in an apparent gas
explosion after what witnesses described as a thunderous explosion
that rocked the neighborhood just off Madison Avenue. Dr. Nicholas
Bartha (66), owner of the building, was pulled alive from the
rubble. He had recently lost a $4 million judgement in a divorce
case. Bartha died from his wounds on July 15.
(AP, 7/10/06)(SFC, 7/11/06, p.A4)(AP, 7/16/06)
2006 Jul 10, Falling concrete
slabs crushed a car inside one of Boston's troubled Big Dig tunnels,
killing Milena Delvalle (38) and tying up traffic with another
shutdown in the massive building project that has become a central
route through the city. In 2007 the family of Delvalle reached a $6
million settlement with the epoxy supplier blamed for the accident.
In 2008 the family settled a wrongful death suit for over $28
(AP, 7/11/06)(SFC, 7/12/06, p.A5)(SFC, 12/26/07,
p.A4)(SFC, 10/1/08, p.C5)
2006 Jul 10, Kraft Foods Inc.,
the No. 1 US food company, said it will pay about $1.07 billion to
acquire the Spanish and Portuguese units of United Biscuits and
reclaim the rights to Nabisco trademarks in the European Union,
Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
2006 Jul 10, Afghan and US-led
coalition forces killed more than 40 suspected Taliban militants as
a warplane dropped 500-pound bombs on a militant compound in Uruzgan
province. Britain announced it would send 900 more soldiers to
southern Helmand province.
(AP, 7/10/06)(SFC, 7/11/06, p.A6)
2006 Jul 10, Fred Wander
(b.1917), writer and Holocaust survivor, died in Vienna. His 1970
novel, “The Seventh Well," describes his survival. The German
edition was translated to English in 2007.
2006 Jul 10, Bolivia's
education minister called for an end to religious education in the
country's schools, drawing criticism from the Roman Catholic Church
which could see its schools affected by the proposed change.
2006 Jul 10, Britain unveiled a
$6 million program to replace Belfast's towering paramilitary wall
murals in the most hard-line Protestant areas with more positive,
less threatening art works.
2006 Jul 10, Chechen warlord
Shamil Basayev (41) was killed in Ingushetia. He had claimed
responsibility for modern Russia's worst terrorist attacks including
Beslan in 2004. He was killed along with 4 other militant while
accompanying a truck filled with 220 pounds of dynamite that blew up
in the Ingush village of Ekazhevo. Shortly before his death he was
appointed vice-president of Ichkeria, the rebel’s name for their
(AP, 7/10/06)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.84)
2006 Jul 10, The government of
Colombia announced that it was nominating Ernesto Samper as
ambassador to France. This sparked outrage among many Colombians and
allies in Washington in the war on drugs. In a statement, Pres.
Uribe said Samper had declined the France ambassadorship so as not
to harm Colombia's national interests.
2006 Jul 10, Nobel laureate
Jose Ramos-Horta was sworn in as PM of East Timor in a move aimed at
ending months of political uncertainty and street violence.
2006 Jul 10, In Honduras a bus
with failing brakes slammed into the back of another bus on the
outskirts of Tegucigalpa, killing 15 people and injuring more than
2006 Jul 10, In Iraq 2 car
bombs struck a Shiite district in Baghdad, killing at least eight
people and wounding dozens. Gunmen also ambushed a bus in the
predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Amariyah in western Baghdad,
killing six passengers, including a woman, and the driver. A bomb
exploded in the Shurja market in central Baghdad, killing 3 people
and wounding 18. In Kirkuk a suicide truck bomber struck an office
of one of the main Kurdish political parties in Iraq, the Patriotic
Union of Kurdistan, killing five people and wounding 12. A member of
the provincial council in Diyala, Adnan Iskandar al-Mahdawi, was
killed and two of his guards were wounded in a drive-by shooting. A
former high-ranking officer from Saddam Hussein's army, ex-staff
Maj. Gen. Salih Mohammed Salih, was killed in a shootout in the
southern city of Basra.
2006 Jul 10, Israeli aircraft
fired missiles at a car in southern Gaza, killing two Islamic Jihad
militants. Israeli PM Olmert rebuffed criticism of Gaza tactics as 8
(AP, 7/10/06)(WSJ, 7/11/06, p.A1)
2006 Jul 10, In Morocco
ministers from 57 European and African countries gathered in Rabat
to seek ways to combat illegal immigration to Europe "with dignity
but firmness", from tightening border controls to stimulating
2006 Jul 10, In eastern
Pakistan a Fokker F-27 twin-engine aircraft operated by Pakistan
International Airlines slammed into a wheat field and burst into
flames minutes after takeoff. All 45 people on board were killed.
(AP, 7/10/06)(AP, 7/28/10)
2006 Jul 10, In the Philippines
a fire destroyed more than 200 shanties in a squatter colony north
of Manila, killing one resident, injuring 6 others and leaving about
5,000 people homeless.
2006 Jul 10, Somalia's Islamic
militia battled a pocket of resistance, pounding Mogadishu with
machine-gun fire and rocket-propelled grenades and at least 7 people
2006 Jul 10, South African
writer Mary Watson was named the 7th winner of the Caine Prize for
African writing her 2004 book “Moss," a collection interlinked
stories. The prize was created in honor of the late Sir Michael
Caine, a British businessman with a deep interest in Africa who for
almost 25 years chaired the management committee of what is today
known the Man Booker Prize.
(AP, 7/12/06)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.83)
2006 Jul 10, In Taiwan the
son-in-law of President Chen Shui-bian was indicted on insider
trading charges, one of several high-profile corruption cases
involving Chen's family and inner circle.
2007 Jul 10, US President
George W. Bush nominated Army Gen. William Ward, the highest ranking
black in the US military, to lead the new Africa Command and
coordinate military operations on the continent.
2007 Jul 10, Richard Carmona,
ex-Surgeon General (2002-2006), told US Congress that he was kept in
an ideological straightjacket on issues such as stem cells and birth
(WSJ, 1/11/07, p.A1)
2007 Jul 10, Delaware Gov. Ruth
Ann Minner signed a law abolishing the state’s 2-year state of
limitations on personal injury lawsuits for victims of child sex
(SFC, 7/13/07, p.A3)
2007 Jul 10, A judge in Los
Angeles sentenced pizza deliveryman Chester Turner to death for
murdering 10 women and a fetus during the 1980s and '90s.
2007 Jul 10, In Baseball’s
All-Star game the American League beat the National League 5-4 at
AT&T Park in SF.
2007 Jul 10, It was reported
that more than 500 Tennessee streams are polluted with E. coli
bacteria, according to information from the Tennessee Department of
Environment and Conservation.
2007 Jul 10, In Florida a small
plane trying to make an emergency landing crashed into a suburban
Orlando neighborhood, killing both people aboard and starting two
house fires that seriously burned two adults and a 10-year-old boy.
2007 Jul 10, Doug Marlette
(57), Pulitzer Prize winning cartoonist and writer, died in a car
accident near Holly Springs, Mississippi.
(SFC, 7/11/07, p.B5)(AP, 7/10/08)
2007 Jul 10, In Afghanistan a
suicide bomber targeted a NATO patrol in a marketplace in Dihrawud,
Uruzgan province, killing at least 17 people, including 13
schoolchildren. 8 Dutch troops were wounded.
(AP, 7/10/07)(WSJ, 1/11/07, p.A1)
2007 Jul 10, President Luiz
Inacio Lula da Silva said that Brazil will budget about $540 million
over eight years to complete its nuclear program, including uranium
enrichment and possibly building a nuclear-powered submarine.
2007 Jul 10, The Bank of Canada
raised its key interest rate, by one-quarter point to 4.50%, for the
first time in over a year and kept the door open to further hikes,
saying inflation has been persistently higher than it expected.
2007 Jul 10, Activists said
that a recent UN report showing Canadians use more marijuana than
people in any other industrialized country is more evidence that the
drug should be legalized. The 2007 World Drug Report found that
16.8% of Canadians between 15 and 64 used marijuana, at least once
in the past year.
2007 Jul 10, China executed
Zheng Xiaoyu (63), former head (1997-2006) of its State Food and
Drug Administration (SFDA), for approving untested medicine in
exchange for cash. Zheng was convicted of taking cash and gifts
worth $832,000 when he was in charge of the state administration.
(AP, 7/10/07)(WSJ, 1/11/07, p.A1)
2007 Jul 10, Cyprus and Malta
received approval from EU finance ministers to join the euro.
(Econ, 7/14/07, p.57)
2007 Jul 10, EU finance
ministers agreed to have Dominique Strauss-Kahn at top man at the
IMF to replace Rodrigo de Rato, who will resign in October.
2007 Jul 10, The bulk log
carrier Hai Tong No. 7 went down, 375 miles northwest of Guam, where
it ran into Typhoon Man-yi. 9 of 22 crew members were dead or
missing. The ship, owned by Fuzhou Haijing Shipping, was en route
from Papua New Guinea to China.
2007 Jul 10, Railroad
Development Corp., a Pittsburgh-based railroad company under Henry
Posner III, planned to shut down Guatemala's only train service
after years of fighting thieves, squatters and government-backed
lawsuits. Posner expected to take his case to int’l. arbitration
under CAFTA with a demand for $65 million in lost revenues and
(AP, 7/10/07)(WSJ, 1/23/07, p.A14)
2007 Jul 10, Extremists
unleashed a barrage of more than a dozen mortars or rockets into the
Green Zone, killing at least three people, including an American,
and wounding 18 in an area once considered the safest in the Iraqi
capital. Gunmen in Baghdad kidnapped a senior security official,
Abdul Razzaq Aseel al-Assal, the director of the joint security
committee in the city of Mosul. Hannelore Krause (61), a German
woman who was kidnapped in Iraq, was released after 155 days in
captivity, but her son was still held hostage. Sunni extremists
attacked Sherween village northwest of Baghdad. A US and Iraqi army
force moved into Sherween village and drove out the insurgents in a
battle that left at least 19 extremists dead.
(AP, 7/10/07)(AP, 7/11/07)
2007 Jul 10, The Gaddafi
Foundation charity said it has reached an accord with the families
of HIV-infected Libyan children that ends the crisis of the
Bulgarian nurses sentenced to death for infecting them.
2007 Jul 10, Mexico's
government called a series of gas pipeline explosions a threat to
the nation's democratic institutions and vowed to step up security
after a guerrilla group claimed responsibility for the blasts.
2007 Jul 10, Nigerian
troops foiled an attempt by militants to kidnap workers at a Korean
firm in southern Rivers state, killing one insurgent and injuring
several others. Police said several people were injured and many
houses and vehicles were destroyed in two days of fighting between
two rival cult gangs in southern Ogoniland.
2007 Jul 10, Pakistani troops
flushed out holdouts entrenched inside a women's religious school,
taking control of the sprawling Red Mosque room by room in fighting
that left about 50 militants and eight soldiers dead. Abdul Rashid
Ghazi, the chief cleric of the Red Mosque and brother of Abdul Aziz,
was killed as Pakistani troops flushed out entrenched militants.
Umme Hassan, the wife of Aziz and head of a seminary for female
(AP, 7/10/07)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.50)
2007 Jul 10, Some 50 Philippine
marines were heading back to camp when they were attacked by about
300 suspected Abu Sayyaf guerrillas in Tipo Tipo town on southern
Basilan island. Troops recovered the bodies of 14 marines, some of
2007 Jul 10, Russian newspapers
reported that thieves had stolen a collection of rare paintings
worth millions of dollars from retired judge Kamo Manukyan. They
were stored unguarded in his empty apartment. The 13 paintings
stolen included works by Frenchman Georges-Pierre Seurat, the
founder of neo-impressionism, Russian seascape painter Ivan
Aivazovsky, and Russian expressionist Alexej Jawlenski.
2007 Jul 10, Sudan’s head of
the civil defense authority said flash floods across central and
eastern Sudan have killed 20 people and destroyed 15,000 houses, and
predicted worse weather conditions to come.
2007 Jul 10, Pope Benedict XVI
has reasserted the universal primacy of the Roman Catholic Church,
approving a document that says Orthodox churches were defective and
that other Christian denominations were not true churches.
2007 Jul 10, Zimbabwe police
said hundreds more business executives and store managers have been
arrested as part of a crackdown on violations of a
government-ordered price freeze.
2008 Jul 10, Pres. Bush signed
a bill that overhauls government eavesdropping and grants immunity
to telecommunications companies that help the US spy on Americans in
suspected terrorism cases.
(SFC, 7/10/08, p.A4)
2008 Jul 10, The American
Medical Association issued a formal apology for more than a century
of discriminatory policies that excluded blacks from participating
in a group long considered the voice of US doctors.
2008 Jul 10, Rocky Aoki (69),
founder of the Benihana steakhouse chain, died in New York from
complications of cancer. Aoki was also a wrestler and avid
2008 Jul 10, Officials said a
decade-long drought in Australia's most important crop-growing
region is worsening and there is little hope for relief from either
saving rains or a new government conservation plan.
2008 Jul 10, Britons voted in a
by-election triggered when David Davis, a top opposition MP, quit in
protest at government plans to increase the period police can hold
terror suspects before charging them.
2008 Jul 10, Salman Rushdie's
novel "Midnight's Children" was named as the greatest Booker Prize
winner ever, scooping a special "best of the best" award for the
2008 Jul 10, In China migrant
workers began a 3-day riot in Kanmen town in coastal Zhejiang
province. Three hundred military police arrived on July 13 and 30
migrant workers have been detained. A Hong Kong-based rights group
said the unrest was centered around a migrant worker who was beaten
by a security guard while trying to get a temporary residence
2008 Jul 10, The European
Parliament called the fingerprinting of Gypsies in Italy a clear act
of racial discrimination and urged the authorities to stop it.
2008 Jul 10, European Union
lawmakers called for tougher EU sanctions against Zimbabwe,
including putting businessmen who finance Pres. Mugabe's regime on a
visa ban list.
2008 Jul 10, In France four
people were found shot dead near the southwestern city of Toulouse.
A fifth victim died later in hospital.
2008 Jul 10, Indonesia executed
Ahmad Suradji (57), a man convicted of killing 42 women and girls in
a series of ritual slayings he believed would give him magical
2008 Jul 10, In Indonesia
Asnawi Sandri, a 38-year-old father of two, died in the hospital,
days after he came down with symptoms of bird flu. This raised the
unofficial toll in the world's hardest hit nation to 111 in three
2008 Jul 10, Iran test-fired
more long-range missiles overnight in a second round of exercises
meant to show that the country can defend itself against any attack
by the US or Israel.
2008 Jul 10, Iraq's Oil
Ministry said that it is close to signing contracts to build two new
oil refineries in southern Iraq. Turkey's PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan
became the first Turkish leader to visit Iraq in nearly 20 years.
2008 Jul 10, Israeli troops
shot and killed a teenage Palestinian militant along the country's
border with Gaza. Soldiers thought he was armed but, after
inspecting the body, found that he was not. In the fourth day of
operations in the city of Nablus, Israel closed a clinic and TV
station, and raided a mosque.
2008 Jul 10, In northern
Mexico, 6 bullet-ridden bodies were found inside the auto body shop
in Culiacan, the capital of Sinaloa state, and three more bodies
were found on the street just outside the business. A police
investigator was found shot to death in his truck near Culiacan's
2008 Jul 10, Nigeria's main
militant group said it would resume attacks in the country's
oil-rich river delta region because of Britain's recent pledge to
back the government in the conflict there. UN special envoy Ibrahim
Gambari resigned as chairman of a planned peace summit for the
oil-rich Niger Delta following opposition from regional leaders.
(AP, 7/10/08)(AFP, 7/10/08)
2008 Jul 10, North Korea
returned to international talks on its nuclear activities after a
nine-month break, in what host China hailed as a potential turning
point in the disarmament process.
2008 Jul 10, In Pakistan six
mortar rounds appeared to have targeted a military post in Angore
Adda in South Waziristan, seriously wounding six Pakistani troops,
lightly wounding two other troops and also injuring two civilians in
a nearby market.
2008 Jul 10, A Palestinian
health official said a tunnel used to smuggle goods across the
Gaza-Egypt border has collapsed, killing two Palestinians.
2008 Jul 10, The Interfax news
agency, citing a source in Russia's secret services, reported that
the head of the embassy's trade and investment section, Christopher
Bowers, was believed to be a senior British intelligence officer.
2008 Jul 10, Somali insurgents
killed at least two people in an overnight attack on an army base 15
miles (24 kilometers) northeast of the government headquarters in
2008 Jul 10, In Turkey
authorities detained four suspects in connection with the July 9
attack on the US consulate in Istanbul which left 3 policemen and 3
2008 Jul 10, In Uzbekistan a
fire at a Soviet-era military base spread to an ammunition depot,
igniting a series of powerful explosions that killed three people
and injured 21 others.
2009 Jul 10, General Motors
emerged from bankruptcy protection. CEO Fritz Henderson said the new
GM will be far faster and more responsive to customers than the old
one, and it will make money and repay government loans faster than
2009 Jul 10, A US plant
scientists said late blight, which caused the Irish Potato Famine of
the 1840s and 1850s, is killing potato and tomato plants in home
gardens from Maine to Ohio and threatening commercial and organic
2009 Jul 10, Police in Illinois
closed a black cemetery in Alsip and declared it a crime scene after
former employees were accused of dumping hundreds of unearthed
corpses in a scheme to resell their plots.
(SFC, 7/11/09, p.A4)
2009 Jul 10,
Kenneth Stampp (b.1913), US Berkeley historian, died. His books
included “The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South"
(1956) and “The Era of Reconstruction, 1865-1877" (1965).
(SFC, 7/22/09, p.D5)
2009 Jul 10, In Afghanistan 8
British soldiers were reported killed over the last 24 hours. A US
service member wounded in June in Afghanistan died in the US.
(AP, 7/11/09)(AP, 7/12/09)
2009 Jul 10, Millions of
Argentines stayed home from work, churches in Bolivia canceled Mass
and Ecuador announced its first fatalities from swine flu, as the
virus continued its spread during the South American winter season.
2009 Jul 10, Britain’s the last
ever Royal Show closed in Warwickshire. The agricultural jamboree,
intended to spread innovation among farmers, ended a 170 year run.
(Econ, 7/11/09, p.57)
2009 Jul 10, In China
boisterous crowds turned up at mosques in riot-hit parts of Urumqi,
ignoring orders canceling Friday prayers due to the ethnic violence
and forcing officials to let them in.
2009 Jul 10, China’s state
media said 4 detained Rio Tinto Ltd. employees are accused of paying
bribes for secret information about China's stance in iron ore price
talks. A Chinese steel executive, also detained along with four Rio
Tinto employees, was being investigated for leaking China's "bottom
line" on iron ore prices. Chinalco denied the move was payback for a
(AP, 7/10/09)(Reuters, 7/10/09)
2009 Jul 10, In Iraq an
American soldier in Iraq shot and killed a truck driver who did not
respond to warnings to stop on a highway between Tikrit and Balad.
2009 Jul 10, In Italy the 3-day
G8 summit came to close. World leaders launched a $15 billion
initiative to help farmers in poor countries boost production in a
shift in the way the West tackles world hunger.
2009 Jul 10, Nigerian militants
claimed to have blown up for a second time a recently repaired oil
pipeline operated by US petroleum giant Chevron.
2009 Jul 10, Earl Haig (91),
Scottish artist and son of WWI Field Marshal Douglas Haig, died. He
developed his gift for painting as a prisoner of war in World War
2009 Jul 10, Somali residents
said Islamist insurgent fighters in Baidoa have beheaded seven
people accused of abandoning their religion and of espionage, in the
largest mass execution since the Islamists were chased from power
two and a half years ago.
2009 Jul 10, South Korea’s spy
agency told lawmakers that a research institute affiliated with the
North's Ministry of People's Armed Forces received an order on June
7 to "destroy the South Korean puppet communications networks in an
instant." The Chosun Ilbo newspaper reported that the North has
between 500-1,000 hacking specialists.
2009 Jul 10, In Spain charging
bull gored a young Spanish man to death at Pamplona's San Fermin
festival, the first such fatality in nearly 15 years. Nine others
were injured in a particularly dangerous and chaotic chapter of the
running of the bulls.
2009 Jul 10, In Switzerland
British conductor Edward Downes (b.1924) died with his wife Joan
(74) at an assisted suicide clinic. He was a longtime stalwart at
the Royal Opera and maestro of the first-ever performance at
Sydney's iconic Opera House.
2009 Jul 10, At the Vatican
Pope Benedict XVI stressed the church's opposition to abortion and
stem cell research in his first meeting with President Barack Obama.
2009 Jul 10, Zimbabwe's army
and police refused to vacate diamond fields where security forces
are accused of human rights abuses, despite a pledge last week for
their withdrawal. Finance Minister Tendai Biti said the government
will provide 142 million dollars in aid to small-scale farmers as
the country struggles to revive its shattered agricultural sector.
(AFP, 7/10/09)(AP, 7/10/09)
2010 Jul 10, In the Gulf of
Mexico hundreds of thousands of gallons of oil were allowed to spew
into the fouled waters while BP engineers prepared to install a new
containment system they hope will catch it all in the coming days.
2010 Jul 10, In Afghanistan 6
American service members and at least a dozen civilians died in
attacks in the east and south. Afghan and int’l. forces in a
combined commando unit killed a Taliban operative and captured 8
others in an overnight raid in Paktia province, though local
villagers claimed the men were innocent civilians. In the northern
city of Mazar-i-Sharif, thousands of Afghan's staged an anti-US
protest over another night raid that killed two security guards.
Insurgents in Kunduz province overran a checkpoint near the northern
border with Tajikistan, killing at least six of the nine border
police stationed there. 3 border police stationed at the checkpoint
were missing. In Kunduz militants killed Malem Nazir, the chief of
Qala Zal district and his body guard by remotely detonating a bomb
as he passed in his car. Five other police died when their vehicle
hit a roadside bomb in northeastern Badakshan province, next to
Kunduz. A joint Afghan-international force killed a Taliban
commander, Malauwi Shahbuddin, along with several armed insurgents
in the Shahjoy district of Zabul province. A provincial spokesman
said 13 Taliban were killed in the attack.
(AP, 7/10/10)(AP, 7/11/10)
2010 Jul 10, It was reported
that Amazon river dolphins were being killed by fishermen for bait
and that the population was dropping 7 percent a year. The gentle
and curious dolphins were easy targets for nets and harpoons as they
swim fearlessly up to fishing boats.
2010 Jul 10, One of Britain's
biggest ever manhunts ended dramatically when Raoul Moat shot
himself dead after a six-hour stand-off with armed police in
(AP, 7/9/10)(AP, 7/10/10)(AFP, 3/1/12)
2010 Jul 10, In Colombia 3
soldiers were killed after entering a minefield in the northeastern
province of Arauca.
2010 Jul 10, Cuban church
officials released the names of 12 more political prisoners who will
be freed and sent into exile in the coming days under a landmark
agreement with President Raul Castro's government, bringing to 17
the total number of jailed dissidents who have accepted asylum in
2010 Jul 10, Baghdad officials
said 58,000 stray dogs have been killed in and around the Iraqi
capital over the past three months as part of a campaign to combat
2010 Jul 10, In Jamaica Sugar
Minott (b.1956), a smooth-voiced singer and producer who helped to
popularize reggae music, died.
2010 Jul 10, Mexican marines
raided a house in the Pacific resort of Acapulco and captured
Gamaliel Aguirre Tavira (35), a suspected regional chief of a drug
gang involved in a bloody turf war in the center and south of
Mexico. Authorities said Tavira is a close ally of Edgar Valdez
Villarreal, a Texas-born gang boss known as "La Barbie" who leads
one of the two factions fighting over control of the Beltran Leyva
2010 Jul 10, Myanmar state
media reported that a new party formed by renegade members of
detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi's disbanded party has
received a permit to participate in Myanmar's first elections in two
2010 Jul 10, North Korea
expressed willingness to return to international nuclear disarmament
talks, a sign it is satisfied with the UN Security Council's
decision to avoid directly blaming it for the sinking of a South
2010 Jul 10, Northern and
southern Sudanese leaders said they would consider forming a
confederation or a common market if southerners chose to declare
independence in an upcoming referendum.
2010 Jul 10, In Spain more than
a million people gathered in northeastern Barcelona to demand
greater regional autonomy for Catalonia and protest a recent court
ruling forbidding this prosperous region from calling itself a
2010 Jul 10, The Vatican said
it had posted its 3rd straight annual financial loss, registering a
4.1 million euro ($5.2 million) deficit for 2009.
(SSFC, 7/11/10, p.A3)
2011 Jul 10, President Barack
Obama's chief of staff, William Daley, said that the US was
suspending $800 million in aid to the Pakistani military until the
two countries can patch up their relationship.
2011 Jul 10, In Afghanistan a
spate of attacks across the country killed three NATO service
members. Officials said that insurgents have killed six Afghan
deminers from a group of 32 that was kidnapped last week in the
country's southwest. Mohammad Dawood, the chief of Muqur district in
Badghis province, was killed by a roadside bomb while driving to his
office. In Kandahar a roadside bomb killed three police officers.
2011 Jul 10, Australia’s PM
Julia Gillard announced plans to tax carbon pollution at Aus$23
(US$24.74) per ton to help battle climate change, as it moved
towards creating the region's biggest emissions trading scheme.
(AFP, 7/10/11)(Econ, 7/16/11, p.41)
2011 Jul 10, In Bangladesh riot
police fired tear gas in clashes with thousands of stone-throwing
Islamist activists protesting constitutional changes that proclaimed
the country a secular state. At least 70 people were injured. a
30-hour nationwide strike was called by a coalition of 12 Islamic
parties to protest the removal of a clause from the preamble of
country's constitution that expressed "absolute faith and trust in
Allah." The main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party also backed
2011 Jul 10, Rio de Janeiro's
public defenders' department said the Brazilian state has
accumulated more than 60,000 unsolved murders in the last 10 years.
2011 Jul 10, Britain's News of
the World was published for the last time after the tabloid was axed
amid the phone-hacking scandal, as its owner Rupert Murdoch flew in
to take charge of managing the crisis.
2011 Jul 10, In China 2 workers
were rescued in the Guangxi region after being trapped for more than
a week deep underground in a July 2 mine collapse in which 8 people
died and 12 were still missing.
2011 Jul 10, In the Republic of
Congo 7 people died as security forces failed to control a stampede
outside the Felix Eboue stadium in Brazzaville, the venue for the
8th Pan-African Music Festival (Fespam).
2011 Jul 10, In Egypt
protesters camped out at a central Cairo square blocked access to
the Egyptian capital's largest government building and threatened to
lay siege to the nearby Interior Ministry and state TV building if
their demands are not met. The protesters demanded justice for the
nearly 900 protesters killed by security forces during the 18-day
uprising that toppled longtime leader Hosni Mubarak in February.
2011 Jul 10, In Honduras a bus
crash near the Copan archaeological ruin killed 10 people and
injured 25. Among the dead were two Americans, a Canadian, three
Salvadorans and three Hondurans. Another victim has yet to be
2011 Jul 10, In northern India
rescuers searched through the wreckage of a packed express train for
people trapped inside after it derailed in Uttar Pradesh state,
killing 68 people and injuring 239 others.
(AP, 7/10/11)(AP, 7/11/11)
2011 Jul 10, In Japan a 7.1
earthquake hit the northeastern coast. There were no reports of
(SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A6)
2011 Jul 10, In Libya forces
loyal to Moamer Kadhafi launched a counterattack on against rebel
advance positions 50 km (30 miles) southwest of Tripoli. Rebels
replied with anti-tank fire as they sought to maintain their grip on
Gualish. Rebel troops advancing into the loyalist stronghold of
Zliten said they lost one fighter and had 32 wounded by landmines
laid by Moamer Kadhafi's retreating troops.
2011 Jul 10, In Mexico
townsfolk, known as the Tzotzil Mayan Indians, took police hostage
and demanded the government pay $4,300 for their release. Residents
of San Cristobalito in Chiapas state were angry that the officers
were executing an arrest warrant for a community member accused of
auto theft. About 200 people, displeased with the negotiation,
waited for the agents to get inside their unit before pushing it off
a 400-foot (120-meter) cliff killing two officers and a civilian
inside. A fourth man reportedly survived.
2011 Jul 10, In Morocco
thousands of demonstrators, including Islamists, held rallies in
Rabat and Casablanca to demand greater political reform and social
2011 Jul 10, In Nigeria a bomb
blast killed three people outside a church in Suleja, just north of
2011 Jul 10, Pakistani called
on the United States to share information about new al Qaeda leader
Ayman al-Zawahri after US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said he
believed that Osama bin Laden's successor was in Pakistan.
2011 Jul 10, In Russia a
55-year-old double-decker boat, called Bulgaria, sank on the Volga
River in the Tatarstan region, killing at least 100 people with 29
missing. A total of 208 people are believed to have sailed on the
boat. Officials said it was overloaded when it sank.
(AP, 7/10/11)(AP, 7/11/11)(AP, 7/13/11)
2011 Jul 10, Senegal, under
international pressure, reversed course and called off the
extradition of former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre. The decision
came hours before Habre was to be deported to Chad.
2011 Jul 10, Syria's vice
president Farouk al-Sharaa called for a transition to democracy and
credited protesters with forcing the regime to consider reforms.
Syria's Foreign Ministry said it had summoned the American and
French ambassadors to protest their visits to the restive city of
Hama. Security forces in Homs killed the son of an anti-regime
(AP, 7/10/11)(AP, 7/11/11)
2011 Jul 10, In western Ukraine
a fire tore through a home for the elderly, killing 16 people in the
village of Bile.
2011 Jul 10, The head of the UN
refugee agency said that drought-ridden Somalia is the "worst
humanitarian disaster" in the world. The World Food Program
estimated that 10 million people already need humanitarian aid. More
than 380,000 refugees had moved into Kenya’s Dabaab refugee camp.
2011 Jul 10, Vietnamese police
forcibly dispersed an anti-China rally and arrested at least 10
people, including journalists, after a series of protests over
tensions in the South China Sea.
2011 Jul 10, Government-backed
Yemeni tribesmen for the first time joined the fight against
al-Qaida-linked militants in a lawless southern province. One
militant was killed, and four were wounded in clashes in Lawder and
Modya. 4 militants were killed and two wounded in fighting in
Zinjibar that also left one soldier killed. In Taiz random artillery
shelling of positions held by opposition tribesmen killed two
2012 Jul 10, Dozens of people
were charged in what US federal authorities called a highly
sophisticated six-year-long, loan fraud scheme that robbed $2.7
million from at least 2,000 victims with poor credit histories in
Canada and the United States.
2012 Jul 10, A damning report
on the Australian military detailed 24 allegations of rape that
never went to trial and other claims that Defence Minister Stephen
Smith admitted would "shock" people. Smith released an entire
1,500-page document detailing 847 alleged incidents of sexual or
other abuse dating back to the 1950s.
2012 Jul 10, Barclay’s chairman
Marcus Agius said former chief executive Bob Diamond will give up
bonuses worth £20 million after resigning over a rate-rigging
scandal. Agius also said Diamond would still receive a final pay-off
of around £2 million.
2012 Jul 10, Boeing Co.
revealed a further large order for its remodeled short-haul 737
aircraft, a $9.2 billion with GE Capital Aviation Services. Rival
Airbus announced its first billion-dollar order at this year's
2012 Jul 10, In Brazil Eugenio
de Araujo Sales (91), the former archbishop of Rio de Janeiro
(1971-2001), died. He claimed to have provided shelter to some 5,000
opponents of Brazil’s 1964-1985 political refugees fleeing
dictatorships in Argentina and Chile.
(SFC, 7/11/12, p.A2)
2012 Jul 10, Egypt's
Islamist-dominated parliament opened a new front in the country's
leadership showdowns by meeting in defiance of orders that disbanded
the chamber and brought President Mohammed Morsi in conflict with
both the powerful military and the highest court. The session was
brief, lasting just five minutes. The Supreme Constitutional Court
on annulled a decree by newly-elected President Mohamed Morsi
reinstating the Islamist-led lower house of parliament. Thousands of
protesters rallied in Tahrir Square in support of Morsi.
(AP, 7/10/12)(AFP, 7/11/12)
2012 Jul 10, An Israeli court
cleared former PM Ehud Olmert of the central charges in a multi-case
corruption trial that forced him from power, but convicted him of a
lesser charge of breach of trust. His conviction on the lesser
charge of "breach of trust" made him the first Israeli prime
minister ever convicted of a crime.
2012 Jul 10, Israel released
Mahmoud Sarsak (25), a member of the Palestinian national soccer
team. He had been held for three years without formal charges and
pushed for his freedom with a hunger strike of more than 90 days.
2012 Jul 10, Jordan said it has
set up a camp to accommodate a growing number of refugees fleeing
violence in Syria.
2012 Jul 10, The Islamists
controlling northern Mali destroyed two tombs at the ancient
Djingareyber mud mosque in Timbuktu, an endangered World Heritage
2012 Jul 10, Mexico’s El Manana
newspaper in the northern border city of Nuevo Laredo announced that
it will stop covering violent criminal disputes after suffering a
second grenade attack against its offices in two months. Gunmen
threw grenades and opened fire on two buildings belonging to the El
Norte newspaper in the northern state of Nuevo Leon. No injuries
2012 Jul 10, Myanmar state
media said dozens of Thai nationals will face charges after they
were held for illegally crossing the border to run rubber
2012 Jul 10, In the Netherlands
the International Criminal Court sentenced Congolese warlord Thomas
Lubanga to 14 years in prison, a potential landmark in the struggle
to protect children during wartime. Lubanga was found guilty in
March of recruiting and using children in his Union of Congolese
Patriots militia. An appeal in 2014 upheld his conviction.
(AP, 7/10/12)(SFC, 12/2/14, p.A2)
2012 Jul 10, In Nigeria a
bombing of a church killed 3 people. Boko Haram extremists were
2012 Jul 10, A Moscow Regional
Court said that Elena Osina (24) and her brother (21) pleaded guilty
to attempted murder regarding a May 2011 incident. The young mother
and her brother were sentenced to eight years in prison after they
admitted putting the woman's 9-month son on a four-lane highway in
hopes he would get killed.
2012 Jul 10, South Korean
police said they were investigating 27 North Korean refugees for
swindling private insurance firms out of hundreds of thousands of
dollars in bogus medical claims. More than 23,500 North Koreans have
settled in the South since the 1950-53 war.
2012 Jul 10, Spanish coal
miners angered by huge cuts in subsidies converged on Madrid for
protest rallies after walking nearly three weeks under a blazing sun
from the pits where they eke out a living.
2012 Jul 10, In Syria 82 people
were killed in violence including 30 civilians, 26 soldiers and 26
rebels according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
2012 Jul 10, A Trinidad and
Tobago conservation group called for a prompt investigation into how
government work crews crushed leatherback turtle eggs and hatchlings
on a remote beach that experts say is the globe's densest nesting
site for the endangered marine species. Thousands of leatherback
eggs were crushed by heavy machinery over the weekend as workers
redirected a shifting river that was eroding the nesting sites and
threatening a hotel.
2013 Jul 10, The US Navy
successfully landed theX-47B experimental drone aircraft, the size
of a fighter jet, on the George H.W. Bush aircraft carrier. Off the
coast of Virginia.
(SFC, 7/11/13, p.A4)
2013 Jul 10, Boston Marathon
bombings suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's pleaded not guilty during a
seven-minute arraignment in federal court in Boston. He faced 30
federal charges, including using a weapon of mass destruction to
kill, in connection with the April 15 attack that left three people
dead and more than 260 wounded.
2013 Jul 10, The SEC issued a
final rule lifting an 80-year-old ban that prohibited private US
companies from seeking accredited investors through advertising and
other forms of general solicitiation.
(SSFC, 7/14/13, p.D1)
2013 Jul 10, Washington DC
passed a bill requiring large retailers to pay their workers a
minimum of $12.50 per hour.
(Econ, 7/20/13, p.29)
2013 Jul 10, In southern
California three former allies of San Diego Mayor Bob Filner called
on him to resign, saying several women had approached them
describing instances of sexual harassment.
(Econ, 8/10/13, p.24)
2013 Jul 10, A group of major
North American retailers announced the signing of the Bangladesh
Worker Safety Initiative. GAP, Walmart and 15 others signed the
accord to improve conditions for workers in the Bangladesh garment
(SFC, 7/11/13, p.C1)
2013 Jul 10, In China
Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan and Chinese President Xi
Jinping presided over the signing of accords between their
governments to facilitate $1.1 billion in low-interest loans for
much-needed infrastructure in Nigeria.
2013 Jul 10, Flooding in
western China triggered a landslide that killed at least 18 people
with 107 missing in Dujiangyan, Sichuan province. More than 2,000
people were rescued after being trapped for several hours in a
highway tunnel between Dujiangyan and Wenchuan. By the end of the
week the toll of dead and missing climbed beyond 200.
(AP, 7/10/13)(AP, 7/11/13)(Reuters, 7/12/13)
2013 Jul 10, Chinese
archaeologists said they have discovered some of the world's oldest
known primitive writing, dating back 5,000 years, in eastern China,
and some of the markings etched on broken axes resemble a modern
2013 Jul 10, Colombia expressed
concern after revelations the United States had spied on the Andean
nation, its closest military ally in Latin America, and called for
2013 Jul 10, Egyptian
authorities escalated their crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood by
ordering the arrest of Mohammed Badie, its spiritual leader, as well
as nine other leading Islamists. The group remained steadfast in its
defiance of the new military-backed administration and refused
offers to join an interim government. Militants attacked a security
checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least two people.
2013 Jul 10, In Hungary a
government minister said wages for 150,000 teachers will rise from
September by an average 34%. Further hikes were promised every year
2013 Jul 10, In Iraq gunmen
overran an Iraqi army checkpoint and special oil industry police
assigned to protect a nearby pipeline. They opened fire on a trailer
packed with policemen breaking their Ramadan fast, killing 14 in
(AP, 7/11/13)(AP, 7/12/13)
2013 Jul 10, Kuwait promised $4
billion in aid to Egypt.
2013 Jul 10, Talks between the
rival Koreas aimed at restarting a stalled inter-Korean factory park
ended with no breakthrough. Both sides agreed to meet again next
week to discuss restoring what was once a rare symbol of cooperation
between the archrivals.
2013 Jul 10, The junior party
in Morocco's governing coalition confirmed that it had quit over
planned cuts in food and energy subsidies, raising the prospect of
political instability and possibly an early election.
2013 Jul 10, A Myanmar court
sentenced seven Buddhists to between three and 15 years in jail for
their roles in the March 20-21 massacre at an Islamic boarding
school that left dozens of students and teachers dead, while a
Muslim convicted in one related killing received a life sentence.
2013 Jul 10, In Pakistan Bilal
Shaik, the security chief of President Asif Ali Zardari, was killed
along with two others in a suspected suicide bombing in Karachi as
he stopped his armored vehicle to buy some fruit.
2013 Jul 10, In Syria residents
of Aleppo said rebels fired into the air to disperse a protest by
civilians in a rebel-held district against a blockade preventing
food and medicine reaching government-held areas.
2013 Jul 10, The World Food
Program said it needed $27 million every month to deal with the
growing ranks of Syrians made hungry because of the war as Muslims
began observing the dawn-to-dusk fast for the month of Ramadan
across the Middle East.
2014 Jul 10, It was reported
that US federal agencies made $97 billion in overpayments in 2013.
Underpayments totaled $9 billion.
(SFC, 7/10/14, p.A8)
2014 Jul 10, US officials
returned the fossilized remains of over 18 dinosaurs to the
Mongolian government. They had been illegally poached and smuggled
out between 2005 and 2012. The fossilized bones of at least 31 more
remained to be returned.
(SFC, 7/11/14, p.A7)
2014 Jul 10, Curt Gentry
(b.1931), San Francisco-based authored, died. His books included
“The Madams of San Francisco" (1964) and “Helter Skelter: The True
Story of the Manson Murders" (1991).
(SSFC, 7/20/14, p.C8)
2014 Jul 10, In southern
California David Galvan sent nude photographs of ex-boyfriend and
science teacher Richard Rosa to over 200 students and staff at John
Muir High School while Rosa was out of the country. Galvan was
arrested in late October.
(SFC, 11/1/14, p.A7)
2014 Jul 10, In Massachusetts 4
adults and 3 children were killed in a fire in a three-story
apartment building in Lowell.
(SFC, 7/11/14, p.A7)
2014 Jul 10, In Tennessee
Christopher Farrar (15) fatally shot Sgt. 1st Class Michael W.
Braden (45), a member of the National Guard, at an armory in
(SFC, 7/11/14, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/q74un5j)
2014 Jul 10, In Afghanistan
Taliban fighters ambushed a convoy of de-miners traveling through
Herat province, killing 6 people. Two de-miners were kidnapped. 7
police officers died in the roadside bombing in Charsada district,
Gor province. The blast was followed by a four-hour gunbattle
between Taliban fighters and police officers that killed 8 suspected
2014 Jul 10, Britain’s PM David
Cameron unveiled emergency laws designed to force phone and Internet
companies to store and search records for a year.
(SSFC, 7/13/14, p.A4)
2014 Jul 10, Cambodia said it
will build a memorial at the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum to remember
at least 12,000 people tortured and killed there during the radical
Khmer Rouge regime (1975-1979).
2014 Jul 10, In China courts in
the western region of Xinjiang sentenced 32 people to prison, three
of them for life, for terror charges stemming from downloading and
spreading violent Internet content that authorities have blamed for
inspiring a recent string of deadly attacks.
2014 Jul 10, China and the
United States agreed to boost military ties and counter-terrorism
cooperation during high-level annual talks in Beijing, but there was
little immediate sign of progress on thorny cyber-security or
maritime issues. They also agreed that China will reduce its
intervention in the currency market when conditions are ripe and
promised closer cooperation on climate change and North Korea.
(Reuters, 7/10/14)(AP, 7/10/14)
2014 Jul 10, Egypt opened its
Rafah border crossing to Gaza to receive wounded Palestinians as
Israel pounded the enclave with air strikes.
2014 Jul 10, A European Union
court ruled that Germany can't require the spouses of Turkish
immigrants to show basic knowledge of the German language as a
condition for being granted a visa.
2014 Jul 10, The European Union
slapped a travel ban and asset freeze on two South Sudanese military
leaders for committing atrocities and obstructing the peace.
2014 Jul 10, Arianespace
launched a rocket from French Guiana carrying four satellites that
will help provide Internet and mobile connectivity to people in
nearly 180 countries.
2014 Jul 10, Germany ask the
CIA station chief in Berlin to leave the country in response to
fresh allegations of US spying on Berlin.
2014 Jul 10, India's new
government introduced a reform-minded budget, telegraphing a
contentious overhaul of populist subsidies and vowing to lift
economic growth to rates of 7-8 percent by spending billions of
dollars on infrastructure. The budget included $33 million for a
182-meter (nearly 600 feet)-tall replica of Indian independence
leader Vallabhbhai Pate.
2014 Jul 10, In Iraq PM Nouri
al-Maliki's relationship with the Kurdish minority further frayed,
as the Kurds declared their politicians will boycott Cabinet
meetings and authorities in Baghdad suspended all cargo flights to
the largely autonomous northern Kurdish region.
2014 Jul 10, Israel
dramatically escalated its aerial assault targeting hundreds of
Hamas sites in the Gaza Strip as Palestinians reported the strikes
also hit a home and a beachside cafe, raising the total number of
people killed in this week's offensive to at least 85 including 25
(AP, 7/10/14)(AFP, 7/10/14)
2014 Jul 10, Malaysia's central
bank raised its benchmark interest rate for the first time in three
years to curb inflation and household debt as economic growth picked
2014 Jul 10, In Mexico 5 people
were killed following the crash of a small plane in Veracruz state.
Two men were injured in the crash.
2014 Jul 10, In Myanmar four
reporters and the chief executive of the magazine they work for were
sentenced to 10 years of hard prison labor for violating the
country’s national security by writing and publishing stories about
a weapons factory.
2014 Jul 10, In Pakistan a
suspected American drone fired two missiles at a compound, killing
six militants in Datta Khel, North Waziristan.
2014 Jul 10, In Syria rebels,
including members of the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front, attacked the
village of Rahjan, Hama province killing 18 soldiers and
2014 Jul 10, Tunisia detained
eight people in a "sweeping security operation" in the restive Sidi
Bouzid region, targeting radical Islamists belonging to the banned
Ansar al-Sharia group.
2014 Jul 10, Ukrainian forces
regained more ground but sustained further casualties in clashes
with separatists. France and Germany urged Russia's Vladimir Putin
to exert more pressure on the rebels to find a negotiated end to the
2014 Jul 10, In eastern Ukraine
Vladimir Antyufeyev (63), also known as Vadim Shevtsov, was named
"deputy prime minister" by separatist leader Aleksander Borodai. He
was one of several native Russians to have taken charge of the
separatist rebellion in Ukraine's eastern regions.
2014 Jul 10, UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said it is more urgent than ever to
avoid another Israeli-Palestinian war and is urging both leaders to
show statesmanship and agree to an immediate cease-fire.