Today in History - July 10

Return to home



138        Jul 10, Publius A. Hadrianus (b.76), Roman emperor (117-138), died. He was responsible for Hadrian's Wall in Britain, begun in 122.
    (www.roman-emperors.org/hadrian.htm)

552        Jul 10, Origin of Armenian calendar.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1057        Jul 10, Lady Godiva rode naked on horseback throughout Coventry on a dare from her husband, the Earl of Mercia, who abolished taxation in this year.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1086        Jul 10, Knut IV, the Saint, king of Denmark (1080-86), was murdered.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1460        Jul 10, Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeated King Henry VI at Northampton.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1509        Jul 10, John Calvin, founder of Calvinism, the basis for modern Protestantism, was born.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1520        Jul 10, The explorer Cortes was driven from Tenochtitlan, Mexico, by Aztec leader Cuauhtemoc, and retreated to Tlaxcala.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1535        Jul 10, Jacob Van Campen, Anabaptist bishop of Amsterdam, was beheaded.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1559        Jul 10, Henry II of France died following a wound to the head by a tournament lance on June 30. This allegedly fulfilled a prophecy by Nostradamus. Gabriel de Lorges de Montgomery, captain of the Scottish Guards, accidentally killed Henry II as they jousted in front of the Hotel Royal des Tournelles. The widowed queen, Catherine de Medicis (d.1589), had the royal residence demolished.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.19)(SFEM, 3/15/98, p.16)

1584        Jul 10, William of Orange (1533-1584), Prince of Orange (1544-1584), Count of Nassau (1559-1584), and first stadholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, was assassinated by Burgundian Balthasar Gerard (25) with a handgun. Philip II of Spain had called for a volunteer assassin due to William’s reluctance take a public stand on religious issues. William was succeeded by his 17-year-old son, Maurice of Nassau. In 2006 Lisa Jardine authored “The Awful End of Prince William the Silent."
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.23)(WSJ, 4/5/06, p.D8)

1609        Jul 10, The Catholic states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of Maximillian of Bavaria.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1627        Jul 10, English fleet under George Villiers reached La Rochelle, France, a Huguenot stronghold.
    (MC, 7/10/02)(WUD, 1994, p.808)

1679        Jul 10, The British crown claimed New Hampshire as a royal colony.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1690        Jul 10, Domenico Gabrielli (39), composer, died.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1706        Jul 10, In Virginia Grace Sherwood (d.1740), aka the Witch of Pungo, was forced to undergo a trial by water under accusations of being a witch. She floated, a sign of guilt, and was imprisoned for nearly 8 years. In 2006 the governor of Virginia officially cleared her name.
    (http://tinyurl.com/k42jq)(WSJ, 9/15/06, p.A1)(http://carolshouse.com/witch/)

1723        Jul 10, William Blackstone (d.1780), English jurist (Blackstone's Commentaries), was born in England. He wrote that: "Husband and wife are one, and that one is the husband." His "Commentaries on the Laws of England" were a dominant source for the men who ratified the US Constitution.
    (WUD, 1994, p.155)(SFC, 7/18/98, p.A15)(WSJ, 1/25/99, p.A19)(MC, 7/10/02)

1747        Jul 10, Persian ruler Nadir Shah was assassinated at Fathabad in Persia. The Afghans rise rose again in revolt under the leadership of Ahmad Shah Abdali and retook Kandahar to establish modern Afghanistan.
    (www.afghan, 5/25/98)(HN, 7/10/98)

1775        Jul 10, Gen Horatio Gates, issued an order excluding blacks from Continental Army. [see Oct 8]
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1776        Jul 10, The statue of King George III was pulled down in New York City.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1778        Jul 10, In support of the American Revolution, Louis XVI declared war on England.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1779        Jul 10, Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini, composer, was born.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1797        Jul 10, 1st US frigate, the "United States," was launched in Philadelphia.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1806        Jul 10, George Stubbs (b.1724), British artist, died. His work included the publication “Anatomy of the Horse" (1766).
    (WSJ, 4/28/05, p.D8)(www.abcgallery.com/S/stubbs/stubbsbio.html)

1820        Jul 10, Captain Jairus of the USRC Louisiana captured four pirate ships off Belize.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_of_31_August_1819)

1830        Jul 10, Camille Pissarro (d.1903), French impressionist painter, was born on the island of St. Thomas in the West Indies. He studied as a child in Paris but spent his early years as an artist in Caracas, Venezuela. In Paris he became a devotee of the neo-Impressionist technique.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1097)(DPCP 1984)(HN, 7/10/01)

1832        Jul 10, President Andrew Jackson vetoed legislation to re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.
    (AP, 7/10/97) 

1834        Jul 10, James Abbott McNeil Whistler (d.1903), US expatriate painter famous for painting his mother, was born.
    (HN, 7/10/98)(WUD, 1994 p.1628)

1850        Jul 10, Millard Fillmore (Whig) was sworn in as the 13th president following the death of Zachary Taylor.
    (SFC, 2/21/97, p.A25)    (AP, 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/98)

1851        Jul 10, Louis-Jacques-Mand Daguerre, French painter (daguerreotype), died.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1862        Jul 10, Helene Schjerfbeck (d.1946), Finnish painter, was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helene_Schjerfbeck)

1863        Jul 10-Jul 16, In the Battle of Jackson, MS, federals captured Jackson with 1000 casualties vs. 1339 for the Confederates.
    (MC, 7/10/02)
1863        Jul 10, Clement Clarke Moore (83), (alleged author of "'Twas the Night Before Xmas"), died in NYC.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1864        Jul 10, During the siege of Petersburg, General Ulysses S. Grant established a huge supply center, called City Point, at the confluence of the James and Appomattox rivers. After nearly 10 months of trench warfare, Confederate resistance at Petersburg, Va., suddenly collapsed. Desperate to save his army, Robert E. Lee called on his soldiers for one last miracle.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1866        Jul 10, The Indelible pencil was patented by Edson P. Clark of Northampton, Mass.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1871        Jul 10, Marcel Proust (d.1922), French novelist was born. His masterpiece was "Remembrance of Things Past." In 1998 it was turned into a comic book series. In 1999 Edmund White published the biography "Marcel Proust" for the Penguin Lives series. "We are healed of a suffering only by experiencing it to the full."
    (SFC, 9/16/98, p.A10)(SFEC, 2/7/99, Par p.14)(AP, 8/2/99)(HN, 7/10/01)

1873        Jul 10, French poet Paul Verlaine (1844-1896) wounded Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891) with a pistol.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Rimbaud)

1875        Jul 10, Mary McLeod Bethune (d.1955), American educator, reformer and founder of the Bethune-Cookman College in Florida and the National Council of Negro Women, was born. "Invest in the human soul. Who knows, it might be a diamond in the rough."
    (AP, 7/9/97)(HN, 7/10/98)

1882        Jul 10, Ima Hogg, Texas art patron, founder of Houston Symphony, was born.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1890        Jul 10, Wyoming became the 44th state.
    (AP, 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/98)

1895        Jul 10, Carl Orff, composer (Carmina Burana/Antigonae; Mozart prize 1969), was born in Munich, Germany.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1905        Jul 10, Ivie Anderson, jazz singer, was born.
    (HN, 7/10/01)

1908        Jul 10, William Jennings Bryan was nominated for president by the Democratic National Convention in Denver.
    (AP, 7/10/08)

1913        Jul 10, A temperature of 134 degrees was recorded in Death Valley. It was the highest ever recorded in the US and later said to be a world record.
    (SFEC, 11/14/99, p.T6)(AP, 7/23/03)(SFC, 12/29/12, p.A6)
1913        Jul 10, Rumania entered the Second Balkan War and four days later the Ottoman Empire joined the general assault on Bulgaria. Faced with four fronts, Bulgarian armies were defeated piecemeal and the government at Sofia was forced to seek peace. Atrocities were widespread. For example, in pursuing the Bulgarian army Greek forces systematically burnt to the ground all Macedonian villages they encountered, mass-murdering their entire populations. Likewise, when the Greek army entered Kukush (Kilkis) and occupied surrounding villages, about 400 old people and children were imprisoned and killed. Nor did the Serbian "liberators" lag behind in destruction and wanton slaughter throughout Macedonia. In Bitola, Skopje, Shtip and Gevgelija, the Serbian army, police and chetniks (guerrillas) committed their own atrocities.
    (www.maknews.com/html/articles/stefov/stefov61.html)

1914        Jul 10, The Boston Red Sox purchased Babe Ruth (19) from the Baltimore Orioles for 30 pieces of gold.
    (Hem., 4/97, p.105)(MC, 7/10/02)

1915        Jul 10, Saul Bellow, Nobel (1976) and Pulitzer Prize-winning American author and writer of Jewish moral and social alarm (Herzog, Humboldt's Gift), was born in Montreal. "A man is only as good as what he loves." In 2000 James Atlas authored "Bellow: A Biography."
    (AP, 9/30/98)(HN, 7/10/98)(SFEC, 10/15/00, BR p.1)(MC, 7/10/02)

1919        Jul 10, President Wilson personally delivered the Treaty of Versailles to the Senate and urged its ratification.
    (AP, 7/10/97)

1920        Jul 10, David Brinkley (d.2003), broadcaster, was born in Wilmington, NC.
    (HN, 7/10/01)(MC, 7/10/02)

1923        Jul 10, Jean Kerr (d.2003), playwright and author, was born in Scranton, Pa. Her later books included "Please Don’t Eat the Daisies."
    (SFC, 1/7/03, p.A22)

1924        Jul 10, Denmark took Greenland as Norway ended its claim.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1925        Jul 10, The Scopes "Monkey Trial," started. It was the result of a conspiracy hatched at Robinson's Drug Store in Dayton, Tenn. John Scopes, a young high-school teacher, was to become the test case on the legality of Tennessee's anti-evolution law. An aging William Jennings Bryan, Nebraska fundamentalist and politician, was the prosecutor and Clarence Darrow was Scopes' defense attorney. Earlier in 1925, the Tennessee State legislature had passed a law making it illegal to teach the theory of evolution in schools. Many people believed that Darwin's theory contradicted the idea of biblical creation. The trial, complete with the spectacle of a cynical Darrow interrogating Bryan on the witness stand as "an expert on the Bible," aroused national interest and caused heated controversy over Darwin's evolution theory. Scopes was judged guilty and fined $100, but later let off on a technicality. The trial coverage dealt a blow to American anti-evolution forces. It was the first trial to be broadcast by radio. Bryan died six days later.
    (Nat. Hist., 4/96, p.74-76)(TMC, 1994, p.1925)(HNPD, 7/10/98)
1925        Jul 10, The official news agency of the Soviet Union, TASS, was established.
    (AP, 7/10/97)

1927        Jul 10, David Dinkins, first African-American mayor of New York City, was born.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1931        Jul 10, Alice Munro, Canadian writer (Open Secrets, Friend of my Youth), was born.
    (HN, 7/10/01)

1933        Jul 10, Jerry Herman, songwriter, was born.
    (HN, 7/10/01)
1933        Jul 10, 1st police radio system began operations at Eastchester Township, NY.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1938        Jul 10, Howard Hughes and the "Yankee Clipper" began the 1st passenger flight around the world flight from NYC. [see Jul 14]
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1940        Jul 10, During World War II, the 114-day Battle of Britain began as Nazi forces began attacking southern England by air. By October 31, Britain managed to repel the Luftwaffe, which suffered heavy losses. Reginald Mitchell (1895-1937), the designer of the Spitfire, and Sydney Camm, the designer of the Hurricane, were both saviors. Both fighters were necessary to win the battle. The R.A.F.’s Fighter Command began the Battle of Britain with about 650 Hurricanes and Spitfires, and lost over 900 of same during the course of the battle; enormous production of replacements made good the losses to such an extent that at times during the battle, Fighter Command had over 900 operational Hurricanes and Spitfires. In his book "The Air War 1939-1945," Richard J. Overy wrote, ". . . the Spitfire took two and a half times the man hours that it took to produce a Hurricane fighter." In overall performance the Spitfire was slightly better than the Hurricane, but the above production figures give some clue to the Hurricane’s importance. Re the Luftwaffe heavy bomber: The Luftwaffe had a couple of four-engine bombers, the Heinkel He-177 and the Focke Wulf FW-200, but neither were produced in large numbers, and neither were in the same league as the American B-17, B-24, or B-29, or the British Lancaster. Hitler was fascinated by high-tech "super weapons" and attempted to produce them at the expense of more worthwhile, conventional ones. This was a guy who, when nearly everyone else knew Germany was finished, wanted to build a 1,500-ton tank and a long-range rocket to attack the United States!
    (AP, 7/10/97)(ON, 3/07, p.2)(ExH, 3/23/98)
1940        Jul 10-1940 Oct 31, The Battle of Britain in July-October of 1940 was an earth-shakingly decisive campaign (not just a battle). Hermann Goering’s Luftwaffe gathered over 2,500 combat planes for a bombing campaign that would be a prelude to "Operation Sea Lion" (an invasion of Britain). British Air Marshall Hugh C. Dowding’s Royal Air Force’s Fighter Command could muster about 650 decent fighters (Hurricanes and Spitfires). The Luftwaffe came perilously close to wearing down the R.A.F., but at about that time, a German bomber accidentally dropped bombs on London, Churchill bombed Berlin, and Hitler switched the Luftwaffe’s attack from the R.A.F. to London, giving the R.A.F. a breather. The Luftwaffe’s bombers carried too small a bomb load for a strategic bombing campaign and were inadequately armed to defend themselves against R.A.F. fighters. The Luftwaffe’s Me-109 fighter lacked the range to provide sufficient escort for the bombers, which were massacred by Hurricanes and Spitfires. The Germans knew that the British radar installations existed, and did launch some attacks upon them, but never realized how vital radar truly was in directing R.A.F. fighters to intercept raiding aircraft. In 1969 the film “Battle of Britain" starred Laurence Olivier as Hugh C. Dowding. In 2010 James Holland authored “The Battle of Britain: Five Months That Changed History."
    (ExC, JWL, 3/20/98)(WSJ, 1/9/09, p.W10)(Econ, 5/15/10, p.93)

1941        Jul 10, Jelly Roll Morton (b.1885 as Ferdinand Joseph Le Menthe), jazz musician, died in Los Angeles, Ca. He was a virtuoso pianist, bandleader and composer who some call the first true composer of jazz music. Morton was a colorful character who liked to generate publicity for himself by bragging. His business card referred to him as the "Creator of Jazz and Swing."  He was born September 20, 1890 in the Creole of Color community in the Faubourg Marigny neighborhood of downtown New Orleans, Louisiana. He took the name "Morton" by Anglicizing the name of his step-father, Mouton. In 2003 Howard Reich and William Gaines authored "Jelly's Blues: The Life, Music and Redemption of Jelly Roll Morton." In 2005 Rounder Records released an 8-CD set titled “Jelly Roll Morton: The Complete Library of Congress Recordings by Alan Lomax."
    (SFC, 5/24/03, p.D3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jelly_Roll_Morton)(WSJ, 11/23/05, p.D12)
1941        Jul 10, In Jedwabne, Poland, some 300-400 Jews were herded into a barn by the local villagers and burned to death. In 1949 a communist-era court convicted 12 Poles in the massacre, saying they assisted German forces in the killings. In 2001 Jan Tomasz authored "Neighbors: The Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne." According to Gross, some 1,600 Jews were killed in Jedwabne.
    (SFC, 3/16/01, p.A16)(SFC, 3/31/01, p.A12)(AP, 7/10/11)

1942        Jul 10, General Carl Spaatz became the head of the U.S. Air Force in Europe.
    (HN, 7/10/98)
1942        Jul 10, Himmler ordered the sterilization of all Jewish woman in Ravensbruck Camp.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1943        Jul 10, Arthur Ashe, first black tennis player to win the U.S. Championship and Wimbledon, was born.
    (HN, 7/10/98)
1943        Jul 10, US and British forces completed their amphibious landing in Sicily in Operation Husky.
    (AP, 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/01)(MC, 7/10/02) 

1945        Jul 10, U.S. carrier-based aircraft began airstrikes against Japan in preparation for invasion.
    (HN, 7/10/98)
1947        Jul 10, Camilla Parker Bowles, lover of Prince Charles, was born.
    (MC, 7/10/02)
1947        Jul 10, Arlo Guthrie, singer (Alice's Restaurant, City of New Orleans), was born in Brooklyn.
    (MC, 7/10/02)
1947        Jul 10, Orenthal James Simpson (OJ Simpson), football star, acquitted in trial for the murder of his ex-wife, was born.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1949        Jul 10, 1st practical rectangular TV tube was announced in Toledo, Oh.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1950        Jul 10, "Your Hit Parade" premiered on NBC (later CBS) TV.
    (www.bookrags.com/history/popculture/your-hit-parade-sjpc-05)

1951        Jul 10, In San Francisco Dashiell Hammett, mystery writer, was sentenced to 6 months in prison for refusing to tell where the Communist party got its bail money. Hammett, who was born in Maryland in 1894, was a Pinkerton detective for eight years and served in the Ambulance Corps in World War I before he began his writing career. Author of The Maltese Falcon (1930) and The Thin Man (1932), Hammett became heavily involved in left-wing political activity in 1934. He was later a trustee of the Civil Rights Congress. Hammett died in 1961.
    (SFC, 7/6/01, WBb p.8)(HNPD, 9/24/98)
1951        Jul 10, In London, England, Randolph Turpin (1928-1966), a black British boxer, defeated world champion Sugar Ray Robinson. Turpin lost a rematch 64 days later in NY.
    (SSFC, 10/28/07, p.M3)(http://tinyurl.com/2sxhce)
1951        Jul 10, Armistice talks aimed at ending the Korean conflict began at Kaesong.
    (AP, 7/10/97)(HN, 7/10/98)

1953        Jul 10, American forces withdrew from Pork Chop Hill in Korea after heavy fighting.
    (HN, 7/10/98)
1953        Jul 10, In San Francisco The Chronicle newspaper began calling itself “The Voice of the West" on its editorial pages. It adopted the name for Page One on August 9, 1953.
    (SSFC, 6/7/09, p.W3)
1953        Jul 10, Pravda reported that Lavrenti P. Beria, Stalin's ruthless chief of intelligence and member of the Soviet Presidium (1899-1953), had been ousted and arrested. [see Jun 26]
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685)(MC, 7/10/02)

1954        Jul 10, Pres. Eisenhower signed Public Law 480, the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, which later became known as the “Food for Peace" program.
    (http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?r103:H10MY4-223:)(WSJ, 10/26/05, p.A1)

1956        Jul 10, 650,000 US steel workers went on strike.
    (MC, 7/10/02)

1958        Jul 10, A largest tsunami on record was caused by the fall of 90 million tons of rock and ice into Lituya Bay, Alaska, following a local earthquake. The wave washed 500 meters up a mountain on the opposite shore.
    (CW, Spring ‘99, p.30)

1962        Jul 10, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested during a demonstration in Georgia.
    (MC, 7/10/02)
1962        Jul 10, The experimental communications satellite Telstar I, developed by Bell Labs, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the United States.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telstar)(AP, 7/10/97) (WSJ, 8/21/06, p.A2)

1964        Jul 10, The Four Tops released "Baby I Need Your Loving" on the Motown label. In 1967 Johnny Rivers also recorded a hit version.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baby_I_Need_Your_Loving)

1971        Jul 10, In Morocco a coup against King Hassan at the Skhirat palace failed. Nearly 100 guests were killed. The coup leaders were executed three days later. The army officers were angered by Hassan's abandonment of thousands of square miles in an Algerian border war.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)(SFC, 7/24/99, p.A9)(SFEC, 7/25/99, p.A19)

1972        Jul 10, During an extended drought a herd of stampeding elephants killed 24 in the Chandka Forest of India.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3bppys)

1973        Jul 10, The Bahamas became independent after three centuries of British colonial rule.
    (SFC, 7/1/97, p.A9)(AP, 7/10/97)
1973        Jul 10, Italian Red Brigades kidnapped and held hostage Jean Paul Getty III (1956-2011), nephew of Gordon Getty. Only after his ear was chopped off and sent to a Rome paper did his father J. Paul Getty II, agree to lend money for a ransom. After 5 months Getty senior negotiated a deal and got his grandson back for $2.7 million. Paul III was permanently affected by the trauma, and became a drug addict.
    (SFC, 1/8/95, p.7)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Paul_Getty)(SFC, 2/9/11, p.A4)

1974        Jul 10, The World Football League played its first games.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Football_League)

1976        Jul 10, There was an explosion at a factory in Seveso, Lombardy, Italy, owned by ICMESA with a Swiss parent company. It produced a cloud of Dioxin which settled over several adjacent communities.  The people exposed became nauseated, experienced eye and throat irritations, developed burn-like sores on exposed skin, headaches, dizziness and diarrhea -- the same symptoms recorded by exposed Vietnamese and Cambodian populations.  In the next two days, small animals in the area began to die. The contamination led to a high incidence of birth defects.
    (www.theveteranscoalition.org/educational_material/agent_orange.htm)(WSJ,2/12/97, p.A8)

1978        Jul 10, ABC-TV premiered “World News Tonight" with anchors Frank Reynolds, Peter Jennings and Max Robinson.
    (www.museum.tv/archives/etv/J/htmlJ/jenningspet/jenningspet.htm)
1978        Jul 10, John D. Rockefeller III (b.1906), US billionaire and philanthropist, died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_D._Rockefeller_3rd)
1978        Jul 10, In Mauritania Col. Mustapha Ould Salek overthrew Pres. Moktar Ould Daddah.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1691)

1979        Jul 10, Conductor Arthur Fiedler, who had led the Boston Pops orchestra for a half-century, died in Brookline, Mass., at age 84.
    (AP, 7/10/99)

1980        Jul 10, "True West" by Sam Shepard premiered in SF and became a stage hit. It was a comic drama of fraternal rivalry and family angst.
    (SFC, 7/10/97, p.E3)(www.theatredatabase.com/20th_century/true_west.html)

1981        Jul 10, Isabel Peron, ex-president of Argentina, flew in exile to Spain after being paroled following conviction for corrupt practices.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3bygk7)

1982        Jul 10, Pope John Paul II named Archbishop Joseph L. Bernardin of Cincinnati to succeed the late Cardinal John Cody as head of the Archdiocese of Chicago.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
1985        Jul 10, Bowing to pressure from irate customers, the Coca-Cola Company said it would resume selling old-formula Coke, while continuing to sell New Coke.
    (AP, 7/10/00)
1982        Jul 10, Maria Jeritza [Jedlicka] (b.1887), Moravia-born-US, singer (Metropolitan Opera), died in New Jersey.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria_Jeritza)
1982        Jul 10, In Germany Kalinka Bamberski (14) was found dead in her bed in the home of Dr. Dieter Krombach. The girl and her mother had moved in with Krombach after her parents' separation. The girl's father, Andre Bamberski, believed that Krombach gave his daughter a dangerous injection to make her lose consciousness so he could rape her, leading to her death. France convicted Krombach in absentia in 1995 of "intentional violence that led to unintentional death" and sentenced him to 15 years in prison. In 1997 Krombach was convicted in a German court to a two-year suspended sentence and suspended from medical practice after pleading guilty to drugging and raping a 16-year-old girl in his office. In 2009 Krombach (74) was kidnapped from his German town, tied up, and appeared near the courthouse in the eastern French city of Mulhouse. Andre Bamberski later acknowledged involvement, and was hit with preliminary charges of kidnapping. In 2011 Krombach was sentenced to 15 years in prison for "intentional violence that led to unintentional death." On Dec 20, 2012, a French court upheld the conviction against Krombach. Kidnapping charges were still pending against Bamberski.
    (http://tinyurl.com/4agzq8a)(AP, 3/29/11)(AP, 12/20/12)

1985        Jul 10, Bowing to pressure from irate customers, the Coca-Cola Company said it would resume selling old-formula Coke, while continuing to sell New Coke.
    (AP, 7/10/00)
1985        Jul 10, French security forces sank the Rainbow Warrior, a ship operated by Greenpeace near NZ. Fernando Pereira, a Dutch photographer, was killed in the sinking. In 2015 a retired French secret service agent apologized for planting the bombs. Jean-Luc Kister said that he and his colleagues never meant to kill anybody.
    (SFC, 5/7/99, p.A14)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainbow_Warrior)(AP, 9/7/15)
1985        Jul 10, A Soviet Tu-154 crashed in Uzbekistan and all 200 people aboard were killed.
    (SFC, 7/4/01, p.A10)(http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850710-0)

1987        Jul 10, Lt. Col. Oliver North told the Iran-Contra committees that the late CIA director William J. Casey had embraced a fund created by arms sales to Iran because it could be used for secret operations other than supplying the Contras.
    (AP, 7/10/97)
1987        Jul 10, In South Korea Chun Doo-hwan resigned as head of the Democratic Justice Party, remaining its Honorary Chairman but giving official political party control for the upcoming election to Roh.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chun_Doo-hwan)

1988        Jul 10, Lester Garnier (30), an off-duty SF vice cop, was shot and killed in a Walnut Creek, Ca., parking lot. His murder remained unsolved and a new investigation was begun in 1998. Sgt. Robert Guinan allegedly spread rumors that Inspector Vince Repetto was responsible. Repetto sued the police dept. In 2008 Walnut creek police identified Catherine Kuntz (44) of Florida as a prime suspect in the murder. Kuntz was deported to Scotland in Dec 2008.
    (SFC, 5/21/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A17)(SFC, 6/4/08, p.A1)(SFC, 2/2/09, p.A11)
1988        Jul 10, Opposition party activists in Mexico blocked a bridge linking their country to the United States, charging that Mexico's recent presidential election was marked by widespread fraud.
    (AP, 7/10/98)

1989        Jul 10, Mel Blanc (81), the "man of a thousand voices," including such cartoon characters as Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Sylvester and Tweety, Tazmanian Devil, Wile E. Coyote and Roadrunner, died in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 7/10/99)(SFC, 1/16/03, p.A19)

1990        Jul 10, The American League shut out the National League, 2-to-0, in the 61st All-Star game.
    (AP, 7/10/00)
1990        Jul 10, Mikhail S. Gorbachev handily won re-election as leader of the Soviet Communist Party.
    (AP, 7/10/00)

1991        Jul 10, President Bush lifted economic sanctions against South Africa, citing its "profound transformation" toward racial equality.
    (AP, 7/10/97)
1991        Jul 10, President Bush announced he was appointing Alan Greenspan to a second term as Federal Reserve chairman.
    (AP, 7/10/01)
1991        Jul 10, Boris N. Yeltsin took the oath of office as the first elected president of the Russian republic.
    (AP, 7/10/97)

1992        Jul 10, A federal judge in Miami sentenced former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega, convicted of drug and racketeering charges, to 40 years in prison. However, a judge in March, 1998, cut Noriega's sentence by ten years, meaning he could be eligible for parole in 2000.
    (WSJ, 3/28/96,p.A-1)(AP, 7/10/99)
1992        Jul 10, A New York jury found Pan Am responsible for allowing a terrorist bomb to destroy Flight 103 in 1988, killing 270 people.
    (AP, 7/10/97)
1992        Jul 10, The European Space Agency photographed the nucleus of Haley’s Comet.
    (SFC, 10/2/07, p.A6)

1993        Jul 10, President Clinton ended his visit to Japan, then traveled to South Korea, where in a speech to the National Assembly he denounced communist North Korea for raising the specter of "nuclear annihilation."
    (AP, 7/10/98)
1993        Jul 10, Kenyan runner Yobes Ondieki became the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than 27 minutes.
    (HN, 7/10/98)

1994        Jul 10, In the first meeting of its kind, Russian President Boris Yeltsin joined leaders of the Group of Seven nations for political talks following their annual economic summit in Naples, Italy.
    (AP, 7/10/99)

1995        Jul 10, President Clinton embraced mandatory ratings for TV programs and legislation to put parental-control chips in new sets.
    (AP, 7/10/00)
1995        Jul 10, The defense opened its case at the O.J. Simpson murder trial in Los Angeles.
    (AP, 7/10/00)
1995         Jul 10, In Burma Aung San Suu Kyi was released after six years of house arrest. She later charged that the military regime doesn't want democratic reform.
    (SFC, 5/22/96, p.C-1)(WSJ, 11/30/95, p.A-1)

1996        Jul 10, Ross Perot said on CNN he would make a second run for president if nominated by the Reform Party, putting him in contention with former Colorado Gov. Richard Lamm, who'd announced his candidacy the day before.
    (AP, 7/10/97)
1996        Jul 10, In a tough speech to Congress laying out conditions for Mideast negotiations, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu demanded that Syria and the Palestinians stop terrorists from attacking Israel.
    (AP, 7/10/97)

1997        Jul 10, President Clinton, visiting Poland, told a Warsaw square filled with cheering Poles that "never again will your fate be decided by others." He announced a successful drive to bring Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic into NATO by 1999.
    (AP, 7/10/98)
1997        Jul 10, RJR Nabisco Holdings said it would phase out the Joe Camel cartoon character used for advertising their cigarettes.
    (WSJ, 7/11/97, p.B1)
1997        Jul 10, The DNA from the arm bone of Neanderthal man found in 1856 was found to represent a separate human species. Scientists in London said DNA from a Neanderthal skeleton supported a theory that all humanity descended from an "African Eve" 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A1)(AP, 7/10/98)
1997        Jul 10, In Bosnia in Operation Tango NATO forces captured Milan Kovacevic, a physician who was the 2nd ranking officer in the Prijedor City Hall during the war. An attempt to capture Simo Drljaca, a leader of local "ethnic cleansing" led to a shootout and his death.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A17)
1997        Jul 10, In Britain thousands of rural people showed up at Hyde Park to defend the sport of fox and deer hunting. A bill to ban the hunting of foxes, deer, hares and mink with dogs was being considered.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A10)
1997        Jul 10, ASEAN foreign ministers voted to suspend Cambodia’s pending membership. The US announced a 3/4 reduction of staff and some aid. More than 50 people were dead after 2 days of fighting.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A12)
1997        Jul 10, In the Central African Republic Pres. Patasse reconciled with 300 mutinous soldiers.
    (WSJ, 7/11/97, p.A1)
1997        Jul 10, Paramilitary police suppressed protests in Mianyang city in Sichuan province where more than 100,000 unemployed textile workers demanded government assistance and accused local officials of stealing their unemployment funds.
    (SFC, 7/18/97, p.A12)
1997        Jul 10, In Northern Ireland the Orange Order canceled plans to march through Catholic neighborhoods in 2 main cities over the weekend.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A10)
1997        Jul 10, A mudslide in Izumi on Kyushu island, Japan, killed 21 people and injured 14.
    (SFC, 7/12/97, p.C1)
1997        Jul 10, In Papua New Guinea Gen’l. Jerry Singirok, leader of the March revolt against prime minister Chan, was decommissioned. Elections were completed and a new government was to be announced at the end of the month.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A11)
1997        Jul 10, Torrential rains in Poland and the Czech Republic killed at least 39 people and forced thousands from their homes.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A11)
1997        Jul 10, In Switzerland a 3 year pilot heroin distribution program was declared a success.
    (SFC, 7/11/97, p.A14)

1998        Jul 10, Bringing to a close one of the biggest sex scandals ever to hit the Roman Catholic Church, the Diocese of Dallas agreed to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who said they had been molested by a priest.
    (AP, 7/10/99)
1988        Jul 10, Lester Garnier (30), an off-duty SF vice cop, was shot and killed in a Walnut Creek parking lot. His murder remained unsolved and a new investigation was begun in 1998. Sgt. Robert Guinan allegedly spread rumors that Inspector Vince Repetto was responsible. Repetto sued the police dept. In 2008 Walnut creek police identified a woman possibly involved in the murder.
    (SFC, 5/21/98, p.A1)(SFC, 11/7/98, p.A17)(SFC, 6/3/08, p.B1)
1998        Jul 10, Police in England and Ireland arrested 9 people and thwarted a plot to bomb central London. The arrested were members of the 32 County Sovereignty Committee, a hard-line dissident Catholic group opposed to the peace settlement that was led by Bernadette Sands. Her husband, Michael McKevitt, was the reputed leader of the Real IRA.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.A1)(SFC, 8/18/98, p.A8)(SFC, 8/20/98, p.A14)
1998        Jul 10, Serbian soldiers killed four Albanian arms smugglers and seized anti-tank mines.
    (SFC, 7/11/98, p.A11)
1998        Jul 10, In South Africa 8 people were gunned down in the Kwa-Zulu-Natal town of Richmond. Pres. Mandela spoke out against the police after another 15 were killed with no arrests. 40 people had been killed since May.
    (SFC, 7/13/98, p.A8)(SFC, 7/28/98, p.A8)

1999        Jul 10, In Pasadena the US women won the Women's World Cup in soccer against the team from China in a 5-4 kick-off following a 0-0 tie after double overtime.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A1)
1999        Jul 10, In Colombia the government declared a dawn-to-dusk curfew across over 30% of the country as guerrillas attacked security forces, raided 15 towns and bombed energy infrastructure. 64 guerrillas, 6 civilians and 3 policemen were reported killed in the last 24 hours.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A19)
1999        Jul 10, In Northern Ireland the Parades Commission reversed a previous ban and gave the Protestant Orange Order permission to gather at Ormeau Park on July 12 after the parade route was altered.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A24)
1999        Jul 10, In India the prime minister said most of the Pakistani soldiers had been cleared out of the Indian side of Kashmir.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A26)
1999        Jul 10, In Iran some 25,000 gather to protest against Ayatollah Ali Khamenei in Tehran.
    (SFEC, 7/11/99, p.A17)
1999        Jul 10, In Nigeria clashes began between the Yorubas, mostly Christians, and Hausas, northern Muslims, that left at least 60 people dead in the southwestern city of Sagamu.
    (SFC, 8/24/99, p.A10)
1999        Jul 10, In Zambia 5 nations involved in the Congo civil war signed a peace accord.
    (SFC, 8/2/99, p.A12)

2000        Jul 10, Pres. Clinton moved to establish an 84 million gallon stockpile of heating oil for the Northeast.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A7)
2000        Jul 10, Texas Governor George W. Bush, facing a skeptical audience, told the NAACP convention in Baltimore that "the party of Lincoln has not always carried the mantle of Lincoln," and promised to work to improve relations.
    (AP, 7/10/01)
2000        Jul 10, Justin Pierce (25), actor, committed suicide by hanging himself in hotel room of the Bellagio Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada. His last movie, Looking for Leonard (2002), was not released until two years after his death because production had been halted due to lack of funds. His character subsequently disappeared from the film without explanation. He was born March 21, 1975 in Paddington, London, England.
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0682399/)
2000        Jul 10, DASA (minus MTU) merged with Aerospatiale-Matra of France and Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain to form the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS). DASA was founded as Deutsche Aerospace AG on May 19, 1989 by the merger of Daimler-Benz's aerospace interests (MTU, Dornier and two divisions of AEG). In July 1989 the two AEG divisions were themselves merged within Deutsche Aerospace to form Telefunken Systemtechnik (TST). In December 1989 Daimler-Benz acquired Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB) and merged it into DASA.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DASA)
2000        Jul 10, In Israel Pres. Ezer Weizman resigned following his alleged improper acceptance of $453,000 from Edouard Sarousi, a French textile magnate.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A9)(AP, 7/10/01)
2000        Jul 10, In Kosovo an Albanian boy (5) was killed when an American soldier’s rifle discharged accidentally.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A14)
2000        Jul 10, In Mexico Augustin Vasquez Mendoza was arrested in Tehuacan. In 2005 he was extradited from Mexico to the United States to stand trial for his role in the murder of DEA Special Agent Richard Fass in Glendale, Arizona, on June 30, 1994.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A10)(http://crime.about.com/b/a/145527.htm)
2000        Jul 10, In Nigeria over 100 people, many of them children, were burned to death after a damaged gasoline pipe exploded near the villages of Adeje and Oviri-Court in the Niger Delta. The toll was later raised to 200.
    (SFC, 7/12/00, p.A8)(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A12)
2000        Jul 10, In the Philippines a garbage dump in Quezon City, a Manila suburb, collapsed and burst into flames. At least 124 people were killed in the Lupang Pangako shantytown at the Payatas dump. The camp was called the Promised Land. 200 were feared to have died.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A14)(WSJ, 7/111/00, p.A1)(SFC, 7/12/00, p.A10)(SFC, 7/13/00, p.C4)(SFC, 7/15/00, p.A24)
2000        Jul 10, In Russia Oleg Belonenko, director of the Uralmashzadov machine-tool manufacturing operation, was killed by 2 gunmen in Yekaterinburg.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A10)
2000        Jul 10, In Togo UN Sec. Gen. Kofi Annan opened a summit conference of the Organization of African Unity.
    (SFC, 7/11/00, p.A12)

2001        Jul 10, In Seattle the American League beat the National League 4:1 in the annual All-Star game at Safeco Field.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 10, The White House backed off a plan to let religious groups that receive federal money, such as the Salvation Army, ignore local laws that ban discrimination against gays and lesbians.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
2001        Jul 10, George Tenet, director of the CIA, allegedly met with Condoleeza Rice and warned her of an imminent al-Qaida attack. News of the meeting was only made public in 2006.
    (SFC, 10/2/06, p.A4)
2001        Jul 10, For the second time in a month, a jury in New York rejected the death penalty for one of the men convicted in the bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa, opting instead for life in prison without parole.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
2001        Jul 10, Kenneth Williams, an FBI agent in Phoenix, Arizona, issued a memorandum that requested detailed examination of US flight schools for al Qaeda terrorists. Mid-level officials rejected the request. [see Jul 5]
    (SFC, 5/22/02, p.A18)
2001        Jul 10, In North Carolina 3 Marines were killed in a helicopter crash near Camp Lejeune.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A5)
2001        Jul 10, In England police confronted white and South Asian gangs in a 3rd night of racial violence in Bradford.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)
2001        Jul 10, Protestant militants withdrew support for the Northern Ireland peace accord.
    (WSJ, 7/11/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 10, Israel destroyed at least 10 Palestinian structures in Rafah in the Gaza Strip and ignited a fierce gun battle.
    (WSJ, 7/10/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/11/01, p.A7)
2001        Jul 10, In Kashmir 25 people were killed as India pressed an offensive against Islamic insurgents.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A8)
2001        Jul 10, In Jedwabne, Poland, Pres. Kwasniewski apologized for a wartime massacre of Jews.
    (SFC, 7/11/01, p.A7)
2001        Jul 10, The South Africa government ordered the demolition of shacks on the squatter occupied land in Bredell. 1-2 thousand shacks were expected to be destroyed.
    (SFC, 7/13/01, p.A15)
2001        Jul 10, In Madrid, Spain, a policeman was killed by a bomb. Basque rebels were blamed.
    (WSJ, 7/12/01, p.A1)

2002        Jul 10, A unified US Senate approved harsh new penalties for corporate fraud and document-shredding as part of an accounting oversight bill. The House approved, 310-113, a measure to allow pilots to carry guns in the cockpit to defend their planes against terrorists. President George W. Bush later signed the measure into law.
    (AP, 7/10/07)
2002        Jul 10, The Dow Jones fell 282 to 8,813.5 and Nasdaq closed down 35 to 1,346.
    (SFC, 7/11/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 10, The first summit of the African Union ended with lofty promises of a new era of economic development and good government on a continent plagued by poverty and oppression.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
2002        Jul 10, It was reported that Britain planned to downgrade marijuana possession to a Class C crime.
    (SFC, 7/10/02, p.A12)
2002        Jul 10, In Cyprus a military helicopter crashed during a nighttime training exercise, killing the commander of the east Mediterranean island's military and the air force chief. Two crew members and a navy officer on board were also killed.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
2002        Jul 10, Palestinian gunmen shot and killed an Israeli army lieutenant on patrol in the southern Gaza Strip, and Israeli troops fatally shot a 19-year-old Palestinian in the West Bank.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
2002        Jul 10, In the Russian Baltic enclave of Kaliningrad a man was killed when a sign with an offensive slogan exploded as he tried to remove it from a park.
    (AP, 7/10/02)
2002        Jul 10, Two people were hacked to death and a police station was overrun by armed tribesmen who stole ballot boxes and freed prisoners in the latest election-related violence in Papua, New Guinea.
    (AP, 7/11/02)

2003        Jul 10, Pres. Bush met with Pres. Festus Mogae in Botswana. Bush said that AIDS is "the deadliest enemy Africa has ever faced" and pledged to the nation with the world's highest AIDS infection rate that it would have a strong partner in his administration in fighting the disease.
    (SFC, 7/10/03, p.A8)(AP, 7/10/08)
2003        Jul 10, The oldest planet ever detected is nearly 13 billion years old and more than twice the size of Jupiter, locked in orbit around a whirling pulsar and a white dwarf located near the heart of a globular star cluster some 5,600 light-years from Earth in the constellation Scorpius.
    (AP, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 10, In Burundi recent fighting left an estimated 170 people killed according to a UN estimate. 6,000 to 7,000 others had been forced to flee their homes.
    (AP, 7/12/03)
2003        Jul 10, Cuba signed an operating agreement with the Port of Corpus Christi, an agreement that could help erode the long-standing US embargo of the island.
    (AP, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 10, Lord Shawcross (101), Britain's chief prosecutor at the Nazi war crimes trials in Nuremberg, died in Cowbeech, England.
    (AP, 7/10/04)
2003        Jul 10, Framers of the European Union's first constitution finalized their draft charter but failed to settle differences over how much power national governments would cede to Brussels.
    (AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 10, Unemployment in Germany was reported to be around 11% with social spending close to 30% of the gross domestic product.
    (WSJ, 7/10/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 10, In Hong Kong a double-decker bus collided with a truck and plunged off a bridge, killing 21 people and injuring 20 more.
    (AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 10, In the southern Philippines a bomb exploded in a crowded market, killing at least three people and injuring 26 others, including many children.
    (AP, 7/10/03)
2003        Jul 10, Spain's Pres. Aznar began a visit to 3 US states, California, New Mexico and Texas, to promote trade and cultural connections.
    (SFC, 7/11/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 10, Spain unveiled its first mosque since 1492 when the Moors were expelled.
    (AP, 7/11/03)
2003        Jul 10, In southeastern Turkey suspected Kurdish rebels raided a village, killing four villagers and injuring another.
    (AP, 7/11/03)

2004        Jul 10, President Bush said in his weekly radio address that legalizing gay marriage would redefine the most fundamental institution of civilization, and that a constitutional amendment was needed to protect traditional marriage.
    (AP, 7/10/05)
2004        Jul 10, In Iraq US Marines clashed with insurgents in Ramadi, a city known as a stronghold of Saddam Hussein supporters, killing 3 of the attackers and wounding 5 others. Saboteurs attacked a natural gas pipeline that feeds into a northern power station.
    (AP, 7/10/04)
2004        Jul 10, Four U.S. Marines were killed in a vehicle accident while conducting security operations in Anbar, an area of western Iraq.
    (AP, 7/11/04)
2004        Jul 10, In northwest Colombia suspected leftist guerrillas shot and killed seven rural peasants in an attack on a small village.
    (AP, 7/12/04)
2004        Jul 10, Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo (74), the only woman to serve as Portugal's prime minister (1979), died of heart failure.
    (AP, 7/10/04)
2004        Jul 10, Sudan, under international pressure to take action to end the humanitarian crisis in Darfur, agreed with Chad to deploy a joint force along their troubled border.
    (AFP, 7/11/04)
2004        Jul 10, In northern Yemen 5 policemen were killed as security forces continued an offensive against followers of a Shiite dissident, firing missiles on the militant's mountain hideout.
    (AP, 7/10/04)

2005        Jul 10, Police in LA killed Jose Raul Pena (34) as well as Susie Marie Lopez (19 months) as Pena fired at police while holding the child.
    (SFC, 7/12/05, p.A3)
2005        Jul 10, Hurricane Dennis swamped homes, ripped off roofs and felled power lines and trees when it hurtled into northwest Florida and Alabama with 120-mph (190-kph) winds. The storm left at least 16 dead in Haiti. Dennis killed at least 16 people in Cuba, damaged or destroyed 15,000 homes and caused an estimated $1.4 billion in property damage. Dennis killed at least 62 people, the majority in the Caribbean.
    (Reuters, 7/11/05)(WSJ, 7/11/05, p.A1)(AP, 7/12/05)(AP, 7/13/05)
2005        Jul 10, In Mississippi 2 Canadian National Railroad freight trains collided outside Bentonia and 4 crewmen were killed.
    (WSJ, 7/11/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 10, In eastern Afghanistan the body of a missing US commando was located in Kunar province. The location and disposition of the service member's remains indicate he died while fighting off enemy terrorists on or about June 28.
    (AP, 7/11/05)
2005        Jul 10, In Britain a Pakistani man was killed in a suspected racial attack in the central city of Nottingham.
    (AP, 7/12/05)
2005        Jul 10, In Canada 2 small biplanes simulating a World War I dogfight collided at an air show in Saskatchewan, killing both pilots instantly.
    (AP, 7/10/05)
2005        Jul 10, China said torrential rains in the southwest have killed 65 people over the past two weeks and forced more than 428,000 to flee their homes in flood-prone areas.
    (AP, 7/10/05)
2005        Jul 10, Vidal Cerrato (63), a former vice president of Honduras (1998-2001) and a representative of the Central American Parliament, died.
    (AP, 7/11/05)
2005        Jul 10, In India suspected Naga rebels bombed an army convoy, killing two soldiers and critically wounding six others in Manipur.
    (Reuters, 7/10/05)
2005        Jul 10, In Iraq Abdullah Ibrahim Mohammed Hassan al Shadad (or Abu Abdul Aziz), another al-Qaida in Iraq lieutenant, was captured.
    (AP, 7/14/05)
2005        Jul 10, A man strapped with explosives blew himself up at an Iraqi military recruiting center in Baghdad killing 25 people. 2 US Marines were killed by indirect fire in Hit. 4 insurgents were killed in Tal Afar. 2 suicide car bombers killed at least 7 Iraqi customs officials along the Syrian border. 8 members of a Shiite family, including a 2-year-old, were shot to death in their sleep. The father suspected it was a sectarian crime. The body of kidnapped Iraqi karate association chief Ali Shakir was found floating in the Tigris river southeast of Baghdad. An Iraqi commando brigade detained 10 Sunnis, who were later found tortured and suffocated in a container. Attacks left over 50 people dead.
    (AP, 7/10/05)(SFC, 7/11/05, p.A1)(SFC, 7/12/05, p.A3)
2005        Jul 10, Kyrgyzstan held presidential elections. With more than three-quarters of the ballots counted from 95 percent of the districts, Kurmanbek Bakiev (Bakiyev) received nearly 89 percent of the vote. He had teamed up with Felix Kulov, his most serious rival, by promising him the position of prime minister.
    (AP, 7/11/05)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.39)
2005        Jul 10, Luxembourg voters ratified the EU’s proposed constitution referendum.
    (AP, 7/10/05)
2005        Jul 10, In Northern Ireland police using a steel barricade prevented Protestant hard-liners from parading through the main Catholic section of Portadown.
    (AP, 7/11/05)
2005        Jul 10, Puerto Ricans voted to do away with half their lawmakers, endorsing a referendum for a one-house legislature.
    (AP, 7/11/05)
2005        Jul 10, In Sri Lanka 4 Tiger rebels were killed at their LTTE office in Trimcomalee, despite a ceasefire. Violence in the area quickly escalated. The government denied responsibility for the attack.
    (AP, 7/14/05)
2005        Jul 10, Sudan's new presidency on Sunday lifted the state of emergency in Sudan, except in the conflict-torn regions of Darfur and the east.
    (Reuters, 7/10/05)
2005        Jul 10, On Turkey's Aegean coast a bomb exploded in a popular resort town of Cesme, wounding about 20 people, including two foreign tourists.
    (AP, 7/10/05)

2006        Jul 10, A US presidential commission urged Washington to spend $80 million to help nongovernmental groups hasten change in Cuba, but some dissidents here said the move would do them more harm than good.
    (AP, 7/10/06)
2006        Jul 10, Colorado Gov. Bill Owens cut a deal with Democratic leaders on a package of bills to deny some state services to illegal immigrants and to punish employers who hire them.
    (SFC, 7/12/06, p.A8)
2006        Jul 10, In Berkeley, Ca., Cody’s flagship bookstore on Telegraph Ave. opened and closed for the last time, one day after celebrating its 50th anniversary. Its last store on Shattuck Ave. closed in 2008.
    (SFC, 7/10/06, p.B1)(SFC, 6/23/08, p.A7)
2006        Jul 10, In NYC a four-story townhouse collapsed and burned in an apparent gas explosion after what witnesses described as a thunderous explosion that rocked the neighborhood just off Madison Avenue. Dr. Nicholas Bartha (66), owner of the building, was pulled alive from the rubble. He had recently lost a $4 million judgement in a divorce case. Bartha died from his wounds on July 15.
    (AP, 7/10/06)(SFC, 7/11/06, p.A4)(AP, 7/16/06)
2006        Jul 10, Falling concrete slabs crushed a car inside one of Boston's troubled Big Dig tunnels, killing Milena Delvalle (38) and tying up traffic with another shutdown in the massive building project that has become a central route through the city. In 2007 the family of Delvalle reached a $6 million settlement with the epoxy supplier blamed for the accident. In 2008 the family settled a wrongful death suit for over $28 million.
    (AP, 7/11/06)(SFC, 7/12/06, p.A5)(SFC, 12/26/07, p.A4)(SFC, 10/1/08, p.C5)
2006        Jul 10, Kraft Foods Inc., the No. 1 US food company, said it will pay about $1.07 billion to acquire the Spanish and Portuguese units of United Biscuits and reclaim the rights to Nabisco trademarks in the European Union, Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
    (AP, 7/10/06)
2006        Jul 10, Afghan and US-led coalition forces killed more than 40 suspected Taliban militants as a warplane dropped 500-pound bombs on a militant compound in Uruzgan province. Britain announced it would send 900 more soldiers to southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/10/06)(SFC, 7/11/06, p.A6)
2006        Jul 10, Fred Wander (b.1917), writer and Holocaust survivor, died in Vienna. His 1970 novel, “The Seventh Well," describes his survival. The German edition was translated to English in 2007.
    (SFC, 12/11/07, p.D2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Wander)
2006        Jul 10, Bolivia's education minister called for an end to religious education in the country's schools, drawing criticism from the Roman Catholic Church which could see its schools affected by the proposed change.
    (AP, 7/10/06)
2006        Jul 10, Britain unveiled a $6 million program to replace Belfast's towering paramilitary wall murals in the most hard-line Protestant areas with more positive, less threatening art works.
    (AP, 7/10/06)
2006        Jul 10, Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev (41) was killed in Ingushetia. He had claimed responsibility for modern Russia's worst terrorist attacks including Beslan in 2004. He was killed along with 4 other militant while accompanying a truck filled with 220 pounds of dynamite that blew up in the Ingush village of Ekazhevo. Shortly before his death he was appointed vice-president of Ichkeria, the rebel’s name for their non-existent state.
    (AP, 7/10/06)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.84)
2006        Jul 10, The government of Colombia announced that it was nominating Ernesto Samper as ambassador to France. This sparked outrage among many Colombians and allies in Washington in the war on drugs. In a statement, Pres. Uribe said Samper had declined the France ambassadorship so as not to harm Colombia's national interests.
    (AP, 7/12/06)
2006        Jul 10, Nobel laureate Jose Ramos-Horta was sworn in as PM of East Timor in a move aimed at ending months of political uncertainty and street violence.
    (AP, 7/10/06)
2006        Jul 10, In Honduras a bus with failing brakes slammed into the back of another bus on the outskirts of Tegucigalpa, killing 15 people and injuring more than 24.
    (AP, 7/11/06)
2006        Jul 10, In Iraq 2 car bombs struck a Shiite district in Baghdad, killing at least eight people and wounding dozens. Gunmen also ambushed a bus in the predominantly Sunni neighborhood of Amariyah in western Baghdad, killing six passengers, including a woman, and the driver. A bomb exploded in the Shurja market in central Baghdad, killing 3 people and wounding 18. In Kirkuk a suicide truck bomber struck an office of one of the main Kurdish political parties in Iraq, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, killing five people and wounding 12. A member of the provincial council in Diyala, Adnan Iskandar al-Mahdawi, was killed and two of his guards were wounded in a drive-by shooting. A former high-ranking officer from Saddam Hussein's army, ex-staff Maj. Gen. Salih Mohammed Salih, was killed in a shootout in the southern city of Basra.
    (AP, 7/10/06)
2006        Jul 10, Israeli aircraft fired missiles at a car in southern Gaza, killing two Islamic Jihad militants. Israeli PM Olmert rebuffed criticism of Gaza tactics as 8 Palestinians died.
    (AP, 7/10/06)(WSJ, 7/11/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 10, In Morocco ministers from 57 European and African countries gathered in Rabat to seek ways to combat illegal immigration to Europe "with dignity but firmness", from tightening border controls to stimulating African development.
    (AFP, 7/10/06)
2006        Jul 10, In eastern Pakistan a Fokker F-27 twin-engine aircraft operated by Pakistan International Airlines slammed into a wheat field and burst into flames minutes after takeoff. All 45 people on board were killed.
    (AP, 7/10/06)(AP, 7/28/10)
2006        Jul 10, In the Philippines a fire destroyed more than 200 shanties in a squatter colony north of Manila, killing one resident, injuring 6 others and leaving about 5,000 people homeless.
    (AP, 7/10/06)
2006        Jul 10, Somalia's Islamic militia battled a pocket of resistance, pounding Mogadishu with machine-gun fire and rocket-propelled grenades and at least 7 people were killed.
    (AP, 7/10/06)
2006        Jul 10, South African writer Mary Watson was named the 7th winner of the Caine Prize for African writing her 2004 book “Moss," a collection interlinked stories. The prize was created in honor of the late Sir Michael Caine, a British businessman with a deep interest in Africa who for almost 25 years chaired the management committee of what is today known the Man Booker Prize.
    (AP, 7/12/06)(Econ, 7/15/06, p.83)
2006        Jul 10, In Taiwan the son-in-law of President Chen Shui-bian was indicted on insider trading charges, one of several high-profile corruption cases involving Chen's family and inner circle.
    (AP, 7/10/06)

2007        Jul 10, US President George W. Bush nominated Army Gen. William Ward, the highest ranking black in the US military, to lead the new Africa Command and coordinate military operations on the continent.
    (AP, 7/11/07)
2007        Jul 10, Richard Carmona, ex-Surgeon General (2002-2006), told US Congress that he was kept in an ideological straightjacket on issues such as stem cells and birth control.
    (WSJ, 1/11/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 10, Delaware Gov. Ruth Ann Minner signed a law abolishing the state’s 2-year state of limitations on personal injury lawsuits for victims of child sex abuse.
    (SFC, 7/13/07, p.A3)
2007        Jul 10, A judge in Los Angeles sentenced pizza deliveryman Chester Turner to death for murdering 10 women and a fetus during the 1980s and '90s.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2007        Jul 10, In Baseball’s All-Star game the American League beat the National League 5-4 at AT&T Park in SF.
    (www.foxnews.com/photoessay/0,4644,2028,00.html)
2007        Jul 10, It was reported that more than 500 Tennessee streams are polluted with E. coli bacteria, according to information from the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation.
    (AP, 7/11/07)
2007        Jul 10, In Florida a small plane trying to make an emergency landing crashed into a suburban Orlando neighborhood, killing both people aboard and starting two house fires that seriously burned two adults and a 10-year-old boy.
    (AP, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 10, Doug Marlette (57), Pulitzer Prize winning cartoonist and writer, died in a car accident near Holly Springs, Mississippi.
    (SFC, 7/11/07, p.B5)(AP, 7/10/08)
2007        Jul 10, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber targeted a NATO patrol in a marketplace in Dihrawud, Uruzgan province, killing at least 17 people, including 13 schoolchildren. 8 Dutch troops were wounded.
    (AP, 7/10/07)(WSJ, 1/11/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 10, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva said that Brazil will budget about $540 million over eight years to complete its nuclear program, including uranium enrichment and possibly building a nuclear-powered submarine.
    (AP, 7/11/07)
2007        Jul 10, The Bank of Canada raised its key interest rate, by one-quarter point to 4.50%, for the first time in over a year and kept the door open to further hikes, saying inflation has been persistently higher than it expected.
    (Reuters, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 10, Activists said that a recent UN report showing Canadians use more marijuana than people in any other industrialized country is more evidence that the drug should be legalized. The 2007 World Drug Report found that 16.8% of Canadians between 15 and 64 used marijuana, at least once in the past year.
    (Reuters, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 10, China executed Zheng Xiaoyu (63), former head (1997-2006) of its State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA), for approving untested medicine in exchange for cash. Zheng was convicted of taking cash and gifts worth $832,000 when he was in charge of the state administration.
    (AP, 7/10/07)(WSJ, 1/11/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 10, Cyprus and Malta received approval from EU finance ministers to join the euro.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.57)
2007        Jul 10, EU finance ministers agreed to have Dominique Strauss-Kahn at top man at the IMF to replace Rodrigo de Rato, who will resign in October.
    (Econ, 7/14/07, p.12)(www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19691259/)
2007        Jul 10, The bulk log carrier Hai Tong No. 7 went down, 375 miles northwest of Guam, where it ran into Typhoon Man-yi. 9 of 22 crew members were dead or missing. The ship, owned by Fuzhou Haijing Shipping, was en route from Papua New Guinea to China.
    (AP, 7/14/07)
2007        Jul 10, Railroad Development Corp., a Pittsburgh-based railroad company under Henry Posner III, planned to shut down Guatemala's only train service after years of fighting thieves, squatters and government-backed lawsuits. Posner expected to take his case to int’l. arbitration under CAFTA with a demand for $65 million in lost revenues and investments.
    (AP, 7/10/07)(WSJ, 1/23/07, p.A14)
2007        Jul 10, Extremists unleashed a barrage of more than a dozen mortars or rockets into the Green Zone, killing at least three people, including an American, and wounding 18 in an area once considered the safest in the Iraqi capital. Gunmen in Baghdad kidnapped a senior security official, Abdul Razzaq Aseel al-Assal, the director of the joint security committee in the city of Mosul. Hannelore Krause (61), a German woman who was kidnapped in Iraq, was released after 155 days in captivity, but her son was still held hostage. Sunni extremists attacked Sherween village northwest of Baghdad. A US and Iraqi army force moved into Sherween village and drove out the insurgents in a battle that left at least 19 extremists dead.
    (AP, 7/10/07)(AP, 7/11/07)
2007        Jul 10, The Gaddafi Foundation charity said it has reached an accord with the families of HIV-infected Libyan children that ends the crisis of the Bulgarian nurses sentenced to death for infecting them.
    (Reuters, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 10, Mexico's government called a series of gas pipeline explosions a threat to the nation's democratic institutions and vowed to step up security after a guerrilla group claimed responsibility for the blasts.
    (AP, 7/11/07)
 2007        Jul 10, Nigerian troops foiled an attempt by militants to kidnap workers at a Korean firm in southern Rivers state, killing one insurgent and injuring several others. Police said several people were injured and many houses and vehicles were destroyed in two days of fighting between two rival cult gangs in southern Ogoniland.
    (AP, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 10, Pakistani troops flushed out holdouts entrenched inside a women's religious school, taking control of the sprawling Red Mosque room by room in fighting that left about 50 militants and eight soldiers dead. Abdul Rashid Ghazi, the chief cleric of the Red Mosque and brother of Abdul Aziz, was killed as Pakistani troops flushed out entrenched militants. Umme Hassan, the wife of Aziz and head of a seminary for female jihadists, escaped.
    (AP, 7/10/07)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.50)
2007        Jul 10, Some 50 Philippine marines were heading back to camp when they were attacked by about 300 suspected Abu Sayyaf guerrillas in Tipo Tipo town on southern Basilan island. Troops recovered the bodies of 14 marines, some of them beheaded.
    (AP, 7/11/07)
2007        Jul 10, Russian newspapers reported that thieves had stolen a collection of rare paintings worth millions of dollars from retired judge Kamo Manukyan. They were stored unguarded in his empty apartment. The 13 paintings stolen included works by Frenchman Georges-Pierre Seurat, the founder of neo-impressionism, Russian seascape painter Ivan Aivazovsky, and Russian expressionist Alexej Jawlenski.
    (Reuters, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 10, Sudan’s head of the civil defense authority said flash floods across central and eastern Sudan have killed 20 people and destroyed 15,000 houses, and predicted worse weather conditions to come.
    (Reuters, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 10, Pope Benedict XVI has reasserted the universal primacy of the Roman Catholic Church, approving a document that says Orthodox churches were defective and that other Christian denominations were not true churches.
    (AP, 7/10/07)
2007        Jul 10, Zimbabwe police said hundreds more business executives and store managers have been arrested as part of a crackdown on violations of a government-ordered price freeze.
    (AFP, 7/10/07)

2008        Jul 10, Pres. Bush signed a bill that overhauls government eavesdropping and grants immunity to telecommunications companies that help the US spy on Americans in suspected terrorism cases.
    (SFC, 7/10/08, p.A4)
2008        Jul 10, The American Medical Association issued a formal apology for more than a century of discriminatory policies that excluded blacks from participating in a group long considered the voice of US doctors.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, Rocky Aoki (69), founder of the Benihana steakhouse chain, died in New York from complications of cancer. Aoki was also a wrestler and avid balloonist.
    (SFC, 7/12/08, p.B5)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiroaki_Aoki)
2008        Jul 10, Officials said a decade-long drought in Australia's most important crop-growing region is worsening and there is little hope for relief from either saving rains or a new government conservation plan.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, Britons voted in a by-election triggered when David Davis, a top opposition MP, quit in protest at government plans to increase the period police can hold terror suspects before charging them.
    (AFP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, Salman Rushdie's novel "Midnight's Children" was named as the greatest Booker Prize winner ever, scooping a special "best of the best" award for the second time.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, In China migrant workers began a 3-day riot in Kanmen town in coastal Zhejiang province. Three hundred military police arrived on July 13 and 30 migrant workers have been detained. A Hong Kong-based rights group said the unrest was centered around a migrant worker who was beaten by a security guard while trying to get a temporary residence permit.
    (AP, 7/14/08)
2008        Jul 10, The European Parliament called the fingerprinting of Gypsies in Italy a clear act of racial discrimination and urged the authorities to stop it.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, European Union lawmakers called for tougher EU sanctions against Zimbabwe, including putting businessmen who finance Pres. Mugabe's regime on a visa ban list.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, In France four people were found shot dead near the southwestern city of Toulouse. A fifth victim died later in hospital.
    (AFP, 7/11/08)
2008        Jul 10, Indonesia executed Ahmad Suradji (57), a man convicted of killing 42 women and girls in a series of ritual slayings he believed would give him magical powers.
    (AP, 7/11/08)
2008        Jul 10, In Indonesia Asnawi Sandri, a 38-year-old father of two, died in the hospital, days after he came down with symptoms of bird flu. This raised the unofficial toll in the world's hardest hit nation to 111 in three years.
    (AP, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 10, Iran test-fired more long-range missiles overnight in a second round of exercises meant to show that the country can defend itself against any attack by the US or Israel.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, Iraq's Oil Ministry said that it is close to signing contracts to build two new oil refineries in southern Iraq. Turkey's PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan became the first Turkish leader to visit Iraq in nearly 20 years.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, Israeli troops shot and killed a teenage Palestinian militant along the country's border with Gaza. Soldiers thought he was armed but, after inspecting the body, found that he was not. In the fourth day of operations in the city of Nablus, Israel closed a clinic and TV station, and raided a mosque.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, In northern Mexico, 6 bullet-ridden bodies were found inside the auto body shop in Culiacan, the capital of Sinaloa state, and three more bodies were found on the street just outside the business. A police investigator was found shot to death in his truck near Culiacan's police headquarters.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, Nigeria's main militant group said it would resume attacks in the country's oil-rich river delta region because of Britain's recent pledge to back the government in the conflict there. UN special envoy Ibrahim Gambari resigned as chairman of a planned peace summit for the oil-rich Niger Delta following opposition from regional leaders.
    (AP, 7/10/08)(AFP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, North Korea returned to international talks on its nuclear activities after a nine-month break, in what host China hailed as a potential turning point in the disarmament process.
    (AFP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, In Pakistan six mortar rounds appeared to have targeted a military post in Angore Adda in South Waziristan, seriously wounding six Pakistani troops, lightly wounding two other troops and also injuring two civilians in a nearby market.
    (AP, 7/12/08)
2008        Jul 10, A Palestinian health official said a tunnel used to smuggle goods across the Gaza-Egypt border has collapsed, killing two Palestinians.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, The Interfax news agency, citing a source in Russia's secret services, reported that the head of the embassy's trade and investment section, Christopher Bowers, was believed to be a senior British intelligence officer.
    (AP, 7/11/08)
2008        Jul 10, Somali insurgents killed at least two people in an overnight attack on an army base 15 miles (24 kilometers) northeast of the government headquarters in Baidoa.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, In Turkey authorities detained four suspects in connection with the July 9 attack on the US consulate in Istanbul which left 3 policemen and 3 assailants dead.
    (AP, 7/10/08)
2008        Jul 10, In Uzbekistan a fire at a Soviet-era military base spread to an ammunition depot, igniting a series of powerful explosions that killed three people and injured 21 others.
    (AP, 7/10/08)

2009        Jul 10, General Motors emerged from bankruptcy protection. CEO Fritz Henderson said the new GM will be far faster and more responsive to customers than the old one, and it will make money and repay government loans faster than required.
    (AP, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 10, A US plant scientists said late blight, which caused the Irish Potato Famine of the 1840s and 1850s, is killing potato and tomato plants in home gardens from Maine to Ohio and threatening commercial and organic farms.
    (Reuters, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 10, Police in Illinois closed a black cemetery in Alsip and declared it a crime scene after former employees were accused of dumping hundreds of unearthed corpses in a scheme to resell their plots.
    (SFC, 7/11/09, p.A4)
2009        Jul 10,     Kenneth Stampp (b.1913), US Berkeley historian, died. His books included “The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Antebellum South" (1956) and “The Era of Reconstruction, 1865-1877" (1965).
    (SFC, 7/22/09, p.D5)
2009        Jul 10, In Afghanistan 8 British soldiers were reported killed over the last 24 hours. A US service member wounded in June in Afghanistan died in the US.
    (AP, 7/11/09)(AP, 7/12/09)
2009        Jul 10, Millions of Argentines stayed home from work, churches in Bolivia canceled Mass and Ecuador announced its first fatalities from swine flu, as the virus continued its spread during the South American winter season.
    (AP, 7/11/09)
2009        Jul 10, Britain’s the last ever Royal Show closed in Warwickshire. The agricultural jamboree, intended to spread innovation among farmers, ended a 170 year run.
    (Econ, 7/11/09, p.57)
2009        Jul 10, In China boisterous crowds turned up at mosques in riot-hit parts of Urumqi, ignoring orders canceling Friday prayers due to the ethnic violence and forcing officials to let them in.
    (AP, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 10, China’s state media said 4 detained Rio Tinto Ltd. employees are accused of paying bribes for secret information about China's stance in iron ore price talks. A Chinese steel executive, also detained along with four Rio Tinto employees, was being investigated for leaking China's "bottom line" on iron ore prices. Chinalco denied the move was payback for a collapsed deal.
    (AP, 7/10/09)(Reuters, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 10, In Iraq an American soldier in Iraq shot and killed a truck driver who did not respond to warnings to stop on a highway between Tikrit and Balad.
    (AP, 7/11/09)
2009        Jul 10, In Italy the 3-day G8 summit came to close. World leaders launched a $15 billion initiative to help farmers in poor countries boost production in a shift in the way the West tackles world hunger.
    (AP, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 10, Nigerian militants claimed to have blown up for a second time a recently repaired oil pipeline operated by US petroleum giant Chevron.
    (AP, 7/11/09)
2009        Jul 10, Earl Haig (91), Scottish artist and son of WWI Field Marshal Douglas Haig, died. He developed his gift for painting as a prisoner of war in World War II.
    (AP, 7/15/09)
2009        Jul 10, Somali residents said Islamist insurgent fighters in Baidoa have beheaded seven people accused of abandoning their religion and of espionage, in the largest mass execution since the Islamists were chased from power two and a half years ago.
    (AP, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 10, South Korea’s spy agency told lawmakers that a research institute affiliated with the North's Ministry of People's Armed Forces received an order on June 7 to "destroy the South Korean puppet communications networks in an instant." The Chosun Ilbo newspaper reported that the North has between 500-1,000 hacking specialists.
    (AP, 7/11/09)
2009        Jul 10, In Spain charging bull gored a young Spanish man to death at Pamplona's San Fermin festival, the first such fatality in nearly 15 years. Nine others were injured in a particularly dangerous and chaotic chapter of the running of the bulls.
    (AP, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 10, In Switzerland British conductor Edward Downes (b.1924) died with his wife Joan (74) at an assisted suicide clinic. He was a longtime stalwart at the Royal Opera and maestro of the first-ever performance at Sydney's iconic Opera House.
    (AP, 7/14/09)
2009        Jul 10, At the Vatican Pope Benedict XVI stressed the church's opposition to abortion and stem cell research in his first meeting with President Barack Obama.
    (AP, 7/10/09)
2009        Jul 10, Zimbabwe's army and police refused to vacate diamond fields where security forces are accused of human rights abuses, despite a pledge last week for their withdrawal. Finance Minister Tendai Biti said the government will provide 142 million dollars in aid to small-scale farmers as the country struggles to revive its shattered agricultural sector.
    (AFP, 7/10/09)(AP, 7/10/09)

2010        Jul 10, In the Gulf of Mexico hundreds of thousands of gallons of oil were allowed to spew into the fouled waters while BP engineers prepared to install a new containment system they hope will catch it all in the coming days.
    (AP, 7/11/10)
2010        Jul 10, In Afghanistan 6 American service members and at least a dozen civilians died in attacks in the east and south. Afghan and int’l. forces in a combined commando unit killed a Taliban operative and captured 8 others in an overnight raid in Paktia province, though local villagers claimed the men were innocent civilians. In the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif, thousands of Afghan's staged an anti-US protest over another night raid that killed two security guards. Insurgents in Kunduz province overran a checkpoint near the northern border with Tajikistan, killing at least six of the nine border police stationed there. 3 border police stationed at the checkpoint were missing. In Kunduz militants killed Malem Nazir, the chief of Qala Zal district and his body guard by remotely detonating a bomb as he passed in his car. Five other police died when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in northeastern Badakshan province, next to Kunduz. A joint Afghan-international force killed a Taliban commander, Malauwi Shahbuddin, along with several armed insurgents in the Shahjoy district of Zabul province. A provincial spokesman said 13 Taliban were killed in the attack.
    (AP, 7/10/10)(AP, 7/11/10)
2010        Jul 10, It was reported that Amazon river dolphins were being killed by fishermen for bait and that the population was dropping 7 percent a year. The gentle and curious dolphins were easy targets for nets and harpoons as they swim fearlessly up to fishing boats.
    (AP, 7/10/10)
2010        Jul 10, One of Britain's biggest ever manhunts ended dramatically when Raoul Moat shot himself dead after a six-hour stand-off with armed police in Rothbury, Northumberland.
    (AP, 7/9/10)(AP, 7/10/10)(AFP, 3/1/12)
2010        Jul 10, In Colombia 3 soldiers were killed after entering a minefield in the northeastern province of Arauca.
    (AP, 7/12/10)
2010        Jul 10, Cuban church officials released the names of 12 more political prisoners who will be freed and sent into exile in the coming days under a landmark agreement with President Raul Castro's government, bringing to 17 the total number of jailed dissidents who have accepted asylum in Spain.
    (AP, 7/11/10)
2010        Jul 10, Baghdad officials said 58,000 stray dogs have been killed in and around the Iraqi capital over the past three months as part of a campaign to combat dog attacks.
    (AP, 7/10/10)
2010        Jul 10, In Jamaica Sugar Minott (b.1956), a smooth-voiced singer and producer who helped to popularize reggae music, died.
    (AP, 7/11/10)
2010        Jul 10, Mexican marines raided a house in the Pacific resort of Acapulco and captured Gamaliel Aguirre Tavira (35), a suspected regional chief of a drug gang involved in a bloody turf war in the center and south of Mexico. Authorities said Tavira is a close ally of Edgar Valdez Villarreal, a Texas-born gang boss known as "La Barbie" who leads one of the two factions fighting over control of the Beltran Leyva drug cartel.
    (AP, 7/11/10)
2010        Jul 10, Myanmar state media reported that a new party formed by renegade members of detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi's disbanded party has received a permit to participate in Myanmar's first elections in two decades.
    (AP, 7/10/10)
2010        Jul 10, North Korea expressed willingness to return to international nuclear disarmament talks, a sign it is satisfied with the UN Security Council's decision to avoid directly blaming it for the sinking of a South Korean warship.
    (AP, 7/10/10)
2010        Jul 10, Northern and southern Sudanese leaders said they would consider forming a confederation or a common market if southerners chose to declare independence in an upcoming referendum.
    (Reuters, 7/10/10)
2010        Jul 10, In Spain more than a million people gathered in northeastern Barcelona to demand greater regional autonomy for Catalonia and protest a recent court ruling forbidding this prosperous region from calling itself a nation.
    (AP, 7/10/10)
2010        Jul 10, The Vatican said it had posted its 3rd straight annual financial loss, registering a 4.1 million euro ($5.2 million) deficit for 2009.
    (SSFC, 7/11/10, p.A3)

2011        Jul 10, President Barack Obama's chief of staff, William Daley, said that the US was suspending $800 million in aid to the Pakistani military until the two countries can patch up their relationship.
    (AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Afghanistan a spate of attacks across the country killed three NATO service members. Officials said that insurgents have killed six Afghan deminers from a group of 32 that was kidnapped last week in the country's southwest. Mohammad Dawood, the chief of Muqur district in Badghis province, was killed by a roadside bomb while driving to his office. In Kandahar a roadside bomb killed three police officers.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Australia’s PM Julia Gillard announced plans to tax carbon pollution at Aus$23 (US$24.74) per ton to help battle climate change, as it moved towards creating the region's biggest emissions trading scheme.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)(Econ, 7/16/11, p.41)
2011        Jul 10, In Bangladesh riot police fired tear gas in clashes with thousands of stone-throwing Islamist activists protesting constitutional changes that proclaimed the country a secular state. At least 70 people were injured. a 30-hour nationwide strike was called by a coalition of 12 Islamic parties to protest the removal of a clause from the preamble of country's constitution that expressed "absolute faith and trust in Allah." The main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party also backed the protest.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Rio de Janeiro's public defenders' department said the Brazilian state has accumulated more than 60,000 unsolved murders in the last 10 years.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Britain's News of the World was published for the last time after the tabloid was axed amid the phone-hacking scandal, as its owner Rupert Murdoch flew in to take charge of managing the crisis.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In China 2 workers were rescued in the Guangxi region after being trapped for more than a week deep underground in a July 2 mine collapse in which 8 people died and 12 were still missing.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In the Republic of Congo 7 people died as security forces failed to control a stampede outside the Felix Eboue stadium in Brazzaville, the venue for the 8th Pan-African Music Festival (Fespam).
    (AFP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Egypt protesters camped out at a central Cairo square blocked access to the Egyptian capital's largest government building and threatened to lay siege to the nearby Interior Ministry and state TV building if their demands are not met. The protesters demanded justice for the nearly 900 protesters killed by security forces during the 18-day uprising that toppled longtime leader Hosni Mubarak in February.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Honduras a bus crash near the Copan archaeological ruin killed 10 people and injured 25. Among the dead were two Americans, a Canadian, three Salvadorans and three Hondurans. Another victim has yet to be identified.
    (AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, In northern India rescuers searched through the wreckage of a packed express train for people trapped inside after it derailed in Uttar Pradesh state, killing 68 people and injuring 239 others.
    (AP, 7/10/11)(AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Japan a 7.1 earthquake hit the northeastern coast. There were no reports of immediate damage.
    (SSFC, 7/10/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 10, In Libya forces loyal to Moamer Kadhafi launched a counterattack on against rebel advance positions 50 km (30 miles) southwest of Tripoli. Rebels replied with anti-tank fire as they sought to maintain their grip on Gualish. Rebel troops advancing into the loyalist stronghold of Zliten said they lost one fighter and had 32 wounded by landmines laid by Moamer Kadhafi's retreating troops.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Mexico townsfolk, known as the Tzotzil Mayan Indians, took police hostage and demanded the government pay $4,300 for their release. Residents of San Cristobalito in Chiapas state were angry that the officers were executing an arrest warrant for a community member accused of auto theft. About 200 people, displeased with the negotiation, waited for the agents to get inside their unit before pushing it off a 400-foot (120-meter) cliff killing two officers and a civilian inside. A fourth man reportedly survived.
    (AP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Morocco thousands of demonstrators, including Islamists, held rallies in Rabat and Casablanca to demand greater political reform and social justice.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Nigeria a bomb blast killed three people outside a church in Suleja, just north of Abuja.
    (AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, Pakistani called on the United States to share information about new al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahri after US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said he believed that Osama bin Laden's successor was in Pakistan.
    (Reuters, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, In Russia a 55-year-old double-decker boat, called Bulgaria, sank on the Volga River in the Tatarstan region, killing at least 100 people with 29 missing. A total of 208 people are believed to have sailed on the boat. Officials said it was overloaded when it sank.
    (AP, 7/10/11)(AP, 7/11/11)(AP, 7/13/11)
2011        Jul 10, Senegal, under international pressure, reversed course and called off the extradition of former Chadian dictator Hissene Habre. The decision came hours before Habre was to be deported to Chad.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Syria's vice president Farouk al-Sharaa called for a transition to democracy and credited protesters with forcing the regime to consider reforms. Syria's Foreign Ministry said it had summoned the American and French ambassadors to protest their visits to the restive city of Hama. Security forces in Homs killed the son of an anti-regime tribal leader.
    (AP, 7/10/11)(AP, 7/11/11)
2011        Jul 10, In western Ukraine a fire tore through a home for the elderly, killing 16 people in the village of Bile.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, The head of the UN refugee agency said that drought-ridden Somalia is the "worst humanitarian disaster" in the world. The World Food Program estimated that 10 million people already need humanitarian aid. More than 380,000 refugees had moved into Kenya’s Dabaab refugee camp.
    (AP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Vietnamese police forcibly dispersed an anti-China rally and arrested at least 10 people, including journalists, after a series of protests over tensions in the South China Sea.
    (AFP, 7/10/11)
2011        Jul 10, Government-backed Yemeni tribesmen for the first time joined the fight against al-Qaida-linked militants in a lawless southern province. One militant was killed, and four were wounded in clashes in Lawder and Modya. 4 militants were killed and two wounded in fighting in Zinjibar that also left one soldier killed. In Taiz random artillery shelling of positions held by opposition tribesmen killed two people.
    (AP, 7/10/11)

2012        Jul 10, Dozens of people were charged in what US federal authorities called a highly sophisticated six-year-long, loan fraud scheme that robbed $2.7 million from at least 2,000 victims with poor credit histories in Canada and the United States.
    (Reuters, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, A damning report on the Australian military detailed 24 allegations of rape that never went to trial and other claims that Defence Minister Stephen Smith admitted would "shock" people. Smith released an entire 1,500-page document detailing 847 alleged incidents of sexual or other abuse dating back to the 1950s.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Barclay’s chairman Marcus Agius said former chief executive Bob Diamond will give up bonuses worth £20 million after resigning over a rate-rigging scandal. Agius also said Diamond would still receive a final pay-off of around £2 million.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Boeing Co. revealed a further large order for its remodeled short-haul 737 aircraft, a $9.2 billion with GE Capital Aviation Services. Rival Airbus announced its first billion-dollar order at this year's Farnborough Airshow.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, In Brazil Eugenio de Araujo Sales (91), the former archbishop of Rio de Janeiro (1971-2001), died. He claimed to have provided shelter to some 5,000 opponents of Brazil’s 1964-1985 political refugees fleeing dictatorships in Argentina and Chile.
    (SFC, 7/11/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 10, Egypt's Islamist-dominated parliament opened a new front in the country's leadership showdowns by meeting in defiance of orders that disbanded the chamber and brought President Mohammed Morsi in conflict with both the powerful military and the highest court. The session was brief, lasting just five minutes. The Supreme Constitutional Court on annulled a decree by newly-elected President Mohamed Morsi reinstating the Islamist-led lower house of parliament. Thousands of protesters rallied in Tahrir Square in support of Morsi.
    (AP, 7/10/12)(AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 10, An Israeli court cleared former PM Ehud Olmert of the central charges in a multi-case corruption trial that forced him from power, but convicted him of a lesser charge of breach of trust. His conviction on the lesser charge of "breach of trust" made him the first Israeli prime minister ever convicted of a crime.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Israel released Mahmoud Sarsak (25), a member of the Palestinian national soccer team. He had been held for three years without formal charges and pushed for his freedom with a hunger strike of more than 90 days.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Jordan said it has set up a camp to accommodate a growing number of refugees fleeing violence in Syria.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, The Islamists controlling northern Mali destroyed two tombs at the ancient Djingareyber mud mosque in Timbuktu, an endangered World Heritage site.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Mexico’s El Manana newspaper in the northern border city of Nuevo Laredo announced that it will stop covering violent criminal disputes after suffering a second grenade attack against its offices in two months. Gunmen threw grenades and opened fire on two buildings belonging to the El Norte newspaper in the northern state of Nuevo Leon. No injuries were reported.
    (AP, 7/12/12)
2012        Jul 10, Myanmar state media said dozens of Thai nationals will face charges after they were held for illegally crossing the border to run rubber plantations.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, In the Netherlands the International Criminal Court sentenced Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga to 14 years in prison, a potential landmark in the struggle to protect children during wartime. Lubanga was found guilty in March of recruiting and using children in his Union of Congolese Patriots militia. An appeal in 2014 upheld his conviction.
    (AP, 7/10/12)(SFC, 12/2/14, p.A2)
2012        Jul 10, In Nigeria a bombing of a church killed 3 people. Boko Haram extremists were suspected.
    (AP, 7/9/13)
2012        Jul 10, A Moscow Regional Court said that Elena Osina (24) and her brother (21) pleaded guilty to attempted murder regarding a May 2011 incident. The young mother and her brother were sentenced to eight years in prison after they admitted putting the woman's 9-month son on a four-lane highway in hopes he would get killed.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, South Korean police said they were investigating 27 North Korean refugees for swindling private insurance firms out of hundreds of thousands of dollars in bogus medical claims. More than 23,500 North Koreans have settled in the South since the 1950-53 war.
    (AFP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, Spanish coal miners angered by huge cuts in subsidies converged on Madrid for protest rallies after walking nearly three weeks under a blazing sun from the pits where they eke out a living.
    (AP, 7/10/12)
2012        Jul 10, In Syria 82 people were killed in violence including 30 civilians, 26 soldiers and 26 rebels according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
    (AFP, 7/11/12)
2012        Jul 10, A Trinidad and Tobago conservation group called for a prompt investigation into how government work crews crushed leatherback turtle eggs and hatchlings on a remote beach that experts say is the globe's densest nesting site for the endangered marine species. Thousands of leatherback eggs were crushed by heavy machinery over the weekend as workers redirected a shifting river that was eroding the nesting sites and threatening a hotel.
    (AP, 7/11/12)

2013        Jul 10, The US Navy successfully landed theX-47B experimental drone aircraft, the size of a fighter jet, on the George H.W. Bush aircraft carrier. Off the coast of Virginia.
    (SFC, 7/11/13, p.A4)
2013        Jul 10, Boston Marathon bombings suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's pleaded not guilty during a seven-minute arraignment in federal court in Boston. He faced 30 federal charges, including using a weapon of mass destruction to kill, in connection with the April 15 attack that left three people dead and more than 260 wounded.
    (AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, The SEC issued a final rule lifting an 80-year-old ban that prohibited private US companies from seeking accredited investors through advertising and other forms of general solicitiation.
    (SSFC, 7/14/13, p.D1)
2013        Jul 10, Washington DC passed a bill requiring large retailers to pay their workers a minimum of $12.50 per hour.
    (Econ, 7/20/13, p.29)
2013        Jul 10, In southern California three former allies of San Diego Mayor Bob Filner called on him to resign, saying several women had approached them describing instances of sexual harassment.
    (Econ, 8/10/13, p.24)
2013        Jul 10, A group of major North American retailers announced the signing of the Bangladesh Worker Safety Initiative. GAP, Walmart and 15 others signed the accord to improve conditions for workers in the Bangladesh garment industry.
    (SFC, 7/11/13, p.C1)
2013        Jul 10, In China  Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan and Chinese President Xi Jinping presided over the signing of accords between their governments to facilitate $1.1 billion in low-interest loans for much-needed infrastructure in Nigeria.
    (AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, Flooding in western China triggered a landslide that killed at least 18 people with 107 missing in Dujiangyan, Sichuan province. More than 2,000 people were rescued after being trapped for several hours in a highway tunnel between Dujiangyan and Wenchuan. By the end of the week the toll of dead and missing climbed beyond 200.
    (AP, 7/10/13)(AP, 7/11/13)(Reuters, 7/12/13)
2013        Jul 10, Chinese archaeologists said they have discovered some of the world's oldest known primitive writing, dating back 5,000 years, in eastern China, and some of the markings etched on broken axes resemble a modern Chinese character.
    (AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, Colombia expressed concern after revelations the United States had spied on the Andean nation, its closest military ally in Latin America, and called for an explanation.
    (Reuters, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, Egyptian authorities escalated their crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood by ordering the arrest of Mohammed Badie, its spiritual leader, as well as nine other leading Islamists. The group remained steadfast in its defiance of the new military-backed administration and refused offers to join an interim government. Militants attacked a security checkpoint in the Sinai Peninsula, killing at least two people.
    (AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, In Hungary a government minister said wages for 150,000 teachers will rise from September by an average 34%. Further hikes were promised every year until 2017.
    (Reuters, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, In Iraq gunmen overran an Iraqi army checkpoint and special oil industry police assigned to protect a nearby pipeline. They opened fire on a trailer packed with policemen breaking their Ramadan fast, killing 14 in Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/11/13)(AP, 7/12/13)
2013        Jul 10, Kuwait promised $4 billion in aid to Egypt.
    (AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, Talks between the rival Koreas aimed at restarting a stalled inter-Korean factory park ended with no breakthrough. Both sides agreed to meet again next week to discuss restoring what was once a rare symbol of cooperation between the archrivals.
    (AP, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, The junior party in Morocco's governing coalition confirmed that it had quit over planned cuts in food and energy subsidies, raising the prospect of political instability and possibly an early election.
    (Reuters, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, A Myanmar court sentenced seven Buddhists to between three and 15 years in jail for their roles in the March 20-21 massacre at an Islamic boarding school that left dozens of students and teachers dead, while a Muslim convicted in one related killing received a life sentence.
    (AP, 7/11/13)
2013        Jul 10, In Pakistan Bilal Shaik, the security chief of President Asif Ali Zardari, was killed along with two others in a suspected suicide bombing in Karachi as he stopped his armored vehicle to buy some fruit.
    (Reuters, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, In Syria residents of Aleppo said rebels fired into the air to disperse a protest by civilians in a rebel-held district against a blockade preventing food and medicine reaching government-held areas.
    (Reuters, 7/10/13)
2013        Jul 10, The World Food Program said it needed $27 million every month to deal with the growing ranks of Syrians made hungry because of the war as Muslims began observing the dawn-to-dusk fast for the month of Ramadan across the Middle East.
    (AP, 7/10/13)

2014        Jul 10, It was reported that US federal agencies made $97 billion in overpayments in 2013. Underpayments totaled $9 billion.
    (SFC, 7/10/14, p.A8)
2014        Jul 10, US officials returned the fossilized remains of over 18 dinosaurs to the Mongolian government. They had been illegally poached and smuggled out between 2005 and 2012. The fossilized bones of at least 31 more remained to be returned.
    (SFC, 7/11/14, p.A7)
2014        Jul 10, Curt Gentry (b.1931), San Francisco-based authored, died. His books included “The Madams of San Francisco" (1964) and “Helter Skelter: The True Story of the Manson Murders" (1991).
    (SSFC, 7/20/14, p.C8)
2014        Jul 10, In southern California David Galvan sent nude photographs of ex-boyfriend and science teacher Richard Rosa to over 200 students and staff at John Muir High School while Rosa was out of the country. Galvan was arrested in late October.
    (SFC, 11/1/14, p.A7)
2014        Jul 10, In Massachusetts 4 adults and 3 children were killed in a fire in a three-story apartment building in Lowell.
    (SFC, 7/11/14, p.A7)
2014        Jul 10, In Tennessee Christopher Farrar (15) fatally shot Sgt. 1st Class Michael W. Braden (45), a member of the National Guard, at an armory in Lobelville.
    (SFC, 7/11/14, p.A7)(http://tinyurl.com/q74un5j)
2014        Jul 10, In Afghanistan Taliban fighters ambushed a convoy of de-miners traveling through Herat province, killing 6 people. Two de-miners were kidnapped. 7 police officers died in the roadside bombing in Charsada district, Gor province. The blast was followed by a four-hour gunbattle between Taliban fighters and police officers that killed 8 suspected militants.
    (AP, 7/11/14)
2014        Jul 10, Britain’s PM David Cameron unveiled emergency laws designed to force phone and Internet companies to store and search records for a year.
    (SSFC, 7/13/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 10, Cambodia said it will build a memorial at the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum to remember at least 12,000 people tortured and killed there during the radical Khmer Rouge regime (1975-1979).
    (AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, In China courts in the western region of Xinjiang sentenced 32 people to prison, three of them for life, for terror charges stemming from downloading and spreading violent Internet content that authorities have blamed for inspiring a recent string of deadly attacks.
    (AP, 7/12/14)
2014        Jul 10, China and the United States agreed to boost military ties and counter-terrorism cooperation during high-level annual talks in Beijing, but there was little immediate sign of progress on thorny cyber-security or maritime issues. They also agreed that China will reduce its intervention in the currency market when conditions are ripe and promised closer cooperation on climate change and North Korea.
    (Reuters, 7/10/14)(AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, Egypt opened its Rafah border crossing to Gaza to receive wounded Palestinians as Israel pounded the enclave with air strikes.
    (AFP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, A European Union court ruled that Germany can't require the spouses of Turkish immigrants to show basic knowledge of the German language as a condition for being granted a visa.
    (AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, The European Union slapped a travel ban and asset freeze on two South Sudanese military leaders for committing atrocities and obstructing the peace.
    (AFP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, Arianespace launched a rocket from French Guiana carrying four satellites that will help provide Internet and mobile connectivity to people in nearly 180 countries.
    (AP, 7/11/14)
2014        Jul 10, Germany ask the CIA station chief in Berlin to leave the country in response to fresh allegations of US spying on Berlin.
    (Reuters, 7/11/14)
2014        Jul 10, India's new government introduced a reform-minded budget, telegraphing a contentious overhaul of populist subsidies and vowing to lift economic growth to rates of 7-8 percent by spending billions of dollars on infrastructure. The budget included $33 million for a 182-meter (nearly 600 feet)-tall replica of Indian independence leader Vallabhbhai Pate.
    (AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, In Iraq PM Nouri al-Maliki's relationship with the Kurdish minority further frayed, as the Kurds declared their politicians will boycott Cabinet meetings and authorities in Baghdad suspended all cargo flights to the largely autonomous northern Kurdish region.
    (AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, Israel dramatically escalated its aerial assault targeting hundreds of Hamas sites in the Gaza Strip as Palestinians reported the strikes also hit a home and a beachside cafe, raising the total number of people killed in this week's offensive to at least 85 including 25 today.
    (AP, 7/10/14)(AFP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, Malaysia's central bank raised its benchmark interest rate for the first time in three years to curb inflation and household debt as economic growth picked up.
    (AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, In Mexico 5 people were killed following the crash of a small plane in Veracruz state. Two men were injured in the crash.
    (AP, 7/11/14)
2014        Jul 10, In Myanmar four reporters and the chief executive of the magazine they work for were sentenced to 10 years of hard prison labor for violating the country’s national security by writing and publishing stories about a weapons factory.
    (AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, In Pakistan a suspected American drone fired two missiles at a compound, killing six militants in Datta Khel, North Waziristan.
    (AP, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, In Syria rebels, including members of the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front, attacked the village of Rahjan, Hama province killing 18 soldiers and pro-government gunmen.
    (AP, 7/11/14)
2014        Jul 10, Tunisia detained eight people in a "sweeping security operation" in the restive Sidi Bouzid region, targeting radical Islamists belonging to the banned Ansar al-Sharia group.
    (AFP, 7/11/14)
2014        Jul 10, Ukrainian forces regained more ground but sustained further casualties in clashes with separatists. France and Germany urged Russia's Vladimir Putin to exert more pressure on the rebels to find a negotiated end to the conflict.
    (Reuters, 7/10/14)
2014        Jul 10, In eastern Ukraine Vladimir Antyufeyev (63), also known as Vadim Shevtsov, was named "deputy prime minister" by separatist leader Aleksander Borodai. He was one of several native Russians to have taken charge of the separatist rebellion in Ukraine's eastern regions.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 10, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said it is more urgent than ever to avoid another Israeli-Palestinian war and is urging both leaders to show statesmanship and agree to an immediate cease-fire.
    (AP, 7/10/14)

2015        Jul 10, Pres. Obama signed a declaration making Berryessa Snow Mountain California’s newest national monument.
    (www.fs.fed.us/visit/berryessa-snow-mountain-national-monument)
2015        Jul 10, South Carolina’s divisive Confederate flag came down at the State House in Columbia. The flag was taken to the nearby Confederate Relic Room and Military Museum.
    (AFP, 7/10/15)(SFC, 7/11/15, p.A5)
2015        Jul 10, Hawaii state officials voted to restrict access to mauna Kea for 120 days to allow construction to resume on the $1.4 billion Thirty Meter Telescope.
    (SSFC, 7/12/15, p.A10)
2015        Jul 10, In Michigan Dr. Farid Fata (50), a Detroit area cancer doctor, was sentenced to 45 years in prison for putting some 533 patients through needless, grueling treatments to collect millions from insurers.
    (SFC, 7/11/15, p.A5)
2015        Jul 10, In Afghanistan Hafez Saeed, a senior commander in the Pakistani branch of the Taliban, was killed in a US air strike along with 30 other militants as they gathered in Achin district of Nangarhar province. He was among a small but increasing number of senior Taliban militants who have switched allegiance to Islamic State.
    (Reuters, 7/11/15)
2015        Jul 10, An Austrian jury acquitted Alnur Mussayev, Kazakhstan's former spy chief, and presidential family guard Vadim Koshlyak of double murder in a trial whose main suspect, the president's former son-in-law, was found hanged in jail.
    (Reuters, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In central Bangladesh a stampede killed 21 elderly women and four young people early today when hundreds of people stormed the home of a businessman for a charity handout during the holy Muslim month of Ramadan.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In Bolivia Pope Francis arrived at the notorious Palmasola prison, greeting some by hand ahead of a message that focused on encouragement. The prison built for 800 inmates has more than 5,000.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, Burundi's government said it backed regional calls to postpone controversial polls, but only by a few days, saying it had asked the election commission to implement the delay. Burundian soldiers clashed with gunmen in a northern region near Rwanda. Government soldiers killed 31 suspected rebels and captured another 170 in Kayanza province.
    (AFP, 7/10/15)(SFC, 7/14/15, p.A2)
2015        Jul 10, China's national weather service said super Typhoon Chan-hom is expected to make landfall by early tomorrow at the eastern province of Zhejiang, and has issued its highest-level alert. Authorities have evacuated tens of thousands of people, canceled scores of trains and flights and shuttered seaside resorts.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, Omar Sharif (83), Egyptian-born actor, died in Cairo. He soared to international stardom in movie epics "Lawrence of Arabia" and "Doctor Zhivago".
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In Egypt 4 children and a woman were killed when a mortar round crashed into their home in Sheikh Zuweid, near North Sinai's main town of El-Arish.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, The European Union extended a suspension of sanctions on Iran until July 13 to allow ongoing talks about the country's nuclear ambitions to succeed.
    (Reuters, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, European plane-maker Airbus flew its E-fan plane from Lydd, England, to the French port of Calais. About 12 hours before Airbus' Channel flight, French pilot Hugues Duval took his two-engine, one-seat Cricri electric plane from Calais to Dover and back.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In France the leader of a banned group was sentenced to nine years in jail on terrorism charges after police raids found weapons and a list of Jewish targets in his personal files. Mohamed Achamlane (37) was one of 14 people tried on charges of criminal conspiracy related to a terrorist enterprise. Forsane Alizza (Horsemen of Pride in Arabic) was banned in 2012.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In Germany a man from the town of Ansbach named as Bernd G. (47) shot and killed two people in northern Bavaria. Two mechanics working at a petrol station in Bad Windsheim overpowered the man after he entered the shop and threatened employees with a gun.
    (Reuters, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, Greek PM Alexis Tsipras appealed to his party's lawmakers to back a tough reforms package after abruptly offering last-minute concessions to try to save the country from financial meltdown.
    (Reuters, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, The prime ministers of nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan agreed at a rare meeting to cooperate on eliminating terrorism in South Asia.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In Indonesia Mount Raung in East Java province began spewing ash sparking chaos for holidaymakers. Airports were closed and international airlines canceled flights to tourist hotspot Bali, stranding thousands.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In Iran and Iraq tens of thousands marched in Tehran and Baghdad in annual Quds (Jerusalem) Day demonstrations in support of Palestinians. Saudi Arabia this year joined arch-foe Israel as the target for protesters.
    (AFP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, Iraqi government and Shiite militia repelled an Islamic State group attack in Anbar province. At least 10 soldiers and 12 IS fighters were killed.
    (SFC, 7/11/15, p.A2)
2015        Jul 10, In Iraq and Syria the United States and its allies carried out 34 air strikes against Islamic State militants with 17 in Iraq and 17 in Syria.
    (Reuters, 7/11/15)
2015        Jul 10, Nigeria's head of state's spokesman Garba Shehu said Pres. Muhammadu Buhari will take only half of the salary paid to former head of state Goodluck Jonathan. In the northeast at least 10 people were killed when a large commando of Boko Haram Islamic extremists attacked Ngamdu village, Borno state, and took over a major highway in the region. Later reports said four villages were attacked and some 43 people killed. Boko Haram gunmen on a motorcycle opened fire residents returning to Gamboru killing 5 men and 3 women.
    (AFP, 7/10/15)(AP, 7/11/15)(AFP, 7/14/15)
2015        Jul 10, In northeastern Nigeria commercial flights resumed into Maiduguri, nearly 18 months after the airport was shut in the wake of a daring Boko Haram raid.
    (AFP, 7/11/15)
2015        Jul 10, Oslo-based Scatec Solar said Mali said has signed an agreement to build west Africa's first industrial-scale solar power plant.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, Pope Francis arrived in the Paraguayan capital of Asuncion on the final leg of his three-nation tour of South America's poorest countries that included Ecuador and neighboring Bolivia.
    (AP, 7/11/15)
2015        Jul 10, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin announced that India and Pakistan will join the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, a group dominated by Russia and China and also including former Soviet republics in Central Asia.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, Saudi Arabia's Prince Saud al-Faisal (b.1940), formerly the world's longest-serving foreign minister, died in the US. He oversaw four decades of turbulent diplomacy for the oil-rich kingdom.
    (AFP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In Somalia at least 6 civilians and 4 militants were killed when al Shabaab Islamists attacked the Siyad and Weheliye hotels in the center of Mogadishu.
    (Reuters, 7/11/15)(SFC, 7/11/15, p.A2)
2015        Jul 10, The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said a dozen patients have died and dozens more wounded are without care in a South Sudanese hospital after fighting forced medics to flee.
    (AFP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, Tanzania extradited Jamil Mukulu to Uganda to face multiple counts of murder stemming from his alleged role as leader of the Congo-based Allied Democratic Forces, an Islamic militant group that regularly attacks civilians in eastern Congo.
    (SFC, 7/11/15, p.A2)
2015        Jul 10, In southern Thailand 3 women were killed by a motorcycle bomb that exploded late today near a karaoke bar in the border town of Padang Besar. Arson was blamed for the deaths of 3 people at a shop in Sungai Kolok, another border town, where eight other people were wounded, including three women from Laos, by an improvised bomb hidden in a planter in front of a hotel.
    (AP, 7/11/15)
2015        Jul 10, Tunisian security forces killed 5 Islamist militants in clashes in the mountains near the central town of Gafsa and that military helicopters were pursuing more in the area. Mourad Gharsalli, a senior leader of the Al-Qaeda-linked Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigades jihadist group, was among the dead.
    (Reuters, 7/10/15)(AFP, 7/11/15)
2015        Jul 10, Turkey's state-run news agency said police have carried out raids in Istanbul and three other cities, detaining at least 21 people suspected of being members of the Islamic State extremist group.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In eastern Ukraine an unidentified gunman shot and killed 3 postal workers as they were transporting money, escaping with the equivalent of $115,000 in the government-held city of Kharkiv.
    (AP, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, Yemen’s main warring factions endorsed a UN-brokered humanitarian truce from midnight today although heavy fighting on the ground and Saudi air strikes carried on relentlessly.
    (Reuters, 7/10/15)
2015        Jul 10, In southeastern Yemen two missile strikes by unmanned American drones killed 10 suspected members of Al-Qaeda, including 3 local chiefs at the port of Mukalla.
    (AFP, 7/11/15)

2016        Jul 10, Barack Obama met Spain's King Felipe in Madrid, during a symbolic but abbreviated first presidential trip to Spain in the wake of America's latest spasm of violence.
    (AFP, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, Seth Rich (b.1989), an American employee for the Democratic National Committee (DNC), died after he was fatally shot in the Bloomingdale neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Police suspected he may have been killed in an attempted robbery.
    (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Seth_Rich)
2016        Jul 10, In southern California the driver of an SUV struck and killed 3 women (16-20) and then fled the scene in Santa Ana.
    (SFC, 7/12/16, p.A5)
2016        Jul 10, In Chicago weekend violence left 43 people shot, 4 of them fatally, bringing the year’s homicide number to at least 344.
    (SFC, 7/12/16, p.A5)
2016        Jul 10, In northwestern Nevada 2 federal firefighters were killed when their vehicle crashed while returning from a patrol for lightning-sparked wildfires.
    (SFC, 7/12/16, p.A5)
2016        Jul 10, In Cambodia Kem Ley (45), a well-known critic of the government, was shot dead in what police said was a personal dispute over money. He was killed at a gas station in Phnom Penh. His attacker, identified as Oeut Ang, was soon arrested. Ang’s wife later said her husband was too poor to have loaned any money. Opposition parties suggested a political conspiracy behind the killing.
    (AP, 7/10/16)(AP, 7/12/16)
2016        Jul 10, Following a two-day meeting in Shanghai trade ministers from the G20 nations called on their governments to roll back anti-trade measures that have become more pervasive than any time since 2009.
    (AP, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, Chinese officials in Fujian province said at least 2 people were dead and 17 others missing after Typhoon Nepartak battered the coast with heavy rain and strong winds that toppled homes and triggered landslides. On July 18 news media reported that the government has fired three officials in Fujian province after tropical storm Nepartak killed 83 people and left 19 others missing.
    (AP, 7/10/16)(AP, 7/18/16)
2016        Jul 10, In Germany more than 120 police officers were injured and 86 demonstrators were detained during leftist riots overnight in Berlin. Activists had called for the demonstration to protest against police operations at buildings taken over the squatters in the eastern part of the city last month.
    (AP, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, Iranian news reported that unknown gunmen in western Iran killed two people and injured a lawmaker and a local governor after opening fire on their car.
    (AP, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, In Israel the finds from some three-decades of excavation unearthing a Philistine cemetery went on display at the Rockefeller Archaeological Museum in Jerusalem. Their presence between 1200 and around 600 BC is evident on a thin coastal strip running from present-day Gaza to Tel Aviv.
    (AFP, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, Israel's government approved nearly $13 million in financing for the West Bank settlements of Kiryat Arba and within Hebron.
    (AFP, 7/11/16)
2016        Jul 10, Japan's ruling coalition was a clear winner in parliamentary elections, paving the way for PM Shinzo Abe to push ahead with his economic revival policies. PM Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party won 56 of 121 upper house seats up for grabs. Coalition parnter Komeito won 14 seats.
    (AP, 7/10/16)(SFC, 7/11/16, p.A2)
2016        Jul 10, The death toll in India's northern Jammu and Kashmir state rose to 20 as clashes between Indian troops and protesters killed 4 protesters and a police officer, despite a curfew imposed in the to suppress anti-India anger following the killing of a popular rebel commander.
    (Reuters, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, The Islamic Jihad militant group said one of its tunnels in Gaza has collapsed, killing a militant who was inside.
    (AP, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, Portugal beat France 1-0 in extra time in Paris to win the European Championship for its first major soccer trophy.
    (AP, 7/11/16)
2016        Jul 10, The residence of South Sudan's vice president and former rebel leader Riek Machar was attacked by forces loyal to President Salva Kiir. Kenya Airways said it was suspending flights to Juba due to uncertain security.
    (Reuters, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, In Spain bullfighter Victor Barrio (29) was fatally gored at the Teruel bullring, the first professional matador to be killed in the ring since3 1985.
    (AP, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, In Tanzania visiting Indian PM Narendra Modi and President John Pombe Magufuli signed five agreements, including one to provide credit $92 million to improve water accessibility on the island of Zanzibar.
    (AP, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, A Thai journalist was detained by police in Ratchaburi province while reporting on the New Democracy Movement, a group opposed to the military government. Three activists of the group were also detained. Taweesak Kerdpoka was the first journalist to be arrested under a new law that makes it illegal to criticize the planned August 7 referendum on a new draft constitution.
    (AP, 7/10/16)
2016        Jul 10, In Turkey two Kurdish militant bomb attacks ripped through a military outpost and an army vehicle, killing 5 members of the armed forces in Hakkari province.
    (Reuters, 7/10/16)

2017        Jul 10, After four and a half years as YouTube's most seen video, "Gangnam Style" slipped late today to number two, replaced by "See You Again" by Wiz Khalifa and Charlie Puth. The song was a tribute to Paul Walker, an actor in "The Fast and Furious" film franchise who died in a car wreck.
    (AP, 7/11/17)
2017        Jul 10, Pres. Donald Trump’s commission on election fraud told states to hold off on providing detailed voter information until a judge rules on a lawsuit filed by the Electronic Privacy Information Center in Washington.
    (SFC, 7/12/17, p.A4)
2017        Jul 10, A US military KC-130 air tanker crashed in rural Mississippi killing at least 15 Marines and a navy sailor.
    (SFC, 7/11/17, p.A9)(SFC, 7/12/17, p.A5)
2017        Jul 10, In northern New York Staff Sgt. Justin Walters (32) shot to death state Trooper Joel Davis (36), who was responding to reports of gunfire near Fort Drum. Walters’ wife was found dead with multiple gunshot wounds. Walters was arrested and charged with murder.
    (SFC, 7/11/17, p.A8)
2017        Jul 10, In Texas Dr. Howard Gregg Diamond (56) was arrested on charges that included conspiracy to distribute controlled substances. Federal prosecutors said he wrote prescriptions that contributed to the overdose deaths of at least seven people over a four year period.
    (SFC, 7/13/17, p.A4)
2017        Jul 10, Britain's High Court ruled that UK arms exports to Saudi Arabia are not unlawful, after campaigners argued the weapons were used to violate international humanitarian law in bombing Yemen.
    (AFP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, Cambodia’s National Assembly passed a bill barring political parties from having links with convicted criminals.
    (SFC, 7/11/17, p.A2)
2017        Jul 10, Denmark said that Apple has decided to build a data center in the southwestern town Aabenraa, near Viborg, where it has another one already under construction.
    (AP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, Egyptian police killed six militants who allegedly adhered to the Islamic State group's beliefs when a gunfight erupted during a raid on their Nile valley hideout.
    (AFP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, In Finland Japanese PM Shinzo Abe pledged to increase cooperation with Finland in Arctic issues and on furthering Russian relations, after talks with Finnish President Sauli Niinisto.
    (AP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, Indonesia’s Pres. Joko Widodo signed a decree allowing the government to ban organizations with goals at odds with the constitution.
    (Econ 7/22/17, p.30)
2017        Jul 10, Iranian cancer researcher Mohsen Dehnavi was detained at Boston's Logan International Airport along with his wife and three young children upon arrival. They were sent back to Iran the following day despite holding a J-1 visa for visiting scholars. He was expecting to take up work at Boston Children's Hospital. It was later reported that Dehnavi had previously headed a student branch of a volunteer paramilitary militia.
    (AP, 7/13/17)
2017        Jul 10, Iraqi forces still battled Islamic State militants in a small area of Mosul, a day after the prime minister visited to congratulate the troops on retaking nearly all of Iraq's second largest city. PM Haider al-Abadi came to Mosul for the second day in a row to declare "total victory".
    (AP, 7/10/17)    (AP, 7/11/17)
2017        Jul 10, Israel troops shot dead a Palestinian driver who tried to run down and then stab Israeli soldiers near a settlement in the occupied West Bank.
    (Reuters, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, Israeli Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz made a rare appearance in the occupied West Bank and signed an agreement on electricity with Palestinian PM Rami Hamdallah. They announced a boost in electricity supply in the area that comes with a payment guarantee from the Palestinians and unveiled a new substation.
    (AFP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, In Kashmir gunmen sprayed bullets on a passenger bus as it returned Hindu pilgrims from the Amarnath cave shrine in Indian-controlled Kashmir. Seven Hindu pilgrims were killed and 19 wounded.
    (AP, 7/12/17)(SFC, 7/12/17, p.A2)
2017        Jul 10, In Libya clashes between rival factions east of Tripoli extended into a second day, keeping the coastal road shut and preventing residents from returning to their homes.
    (Reuters, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, Mongolia’s populist business tycoon and ex-judo champion Khaltmaa Battulga was inaugurated as the new president. He pledged to provide greater benefits for the county's 3 million people from their vast mineral wealth despite a slump in commodity prices that has battered the landlocked Asian nation's economy.
    (AP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, In Pakistan a new report said an official investigation into corruption allegations against PM Nawaz Sharif and his family has found a "significant disparity" between their declared wealth and known sources of income. A 275-page report summarized the findings of a two-month corruption probe.
    (AP, 7/10/17)(Econ 7/15/17, p.33)
2017        Jul 10, In Peru a double-decker bus went out of control on a sight-seeing tour in the hills of Lima killing nine people and injuring 40.
    (SFC, 7/11/17, p.A2)
2017        Jul 10, State-owned Qatar Petroleum and French energy giant Total said they will formally launch a 25-year joint venture to develop the Al Shaheen oil field this week.
    (AFP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, Russia confirmed that Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin had discussed forming a joint Russian-US group on cyber security, an idea that has provoked uproar in Washington, but said it was only a tentative proposal.
    (Reuters, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, Russia’s PM Dmitry Medvedev signed a package of anti-doping measures including orders for the Russian Sports Ministry and national sports federations to develop a scheme for "confiscating income and property from athletes, coaches, doctors and other specialists" involved in doping cases.
    (AP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, In South Africa thieves broke into the state prosecutors' offices early today and made off with two laptop computers.
    (Reuters, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, In South Sudan Adil Faris Mayat, the head of state television, was arrested by security officials for failing to broadcast Pres. Kiir's speech live.
    (Reuters, 7/15/17)
2017        Jul 10, Spain's Iberia airline said it has decided to scrap a pregnancy test for new employees after it was fined 25,000 euros ($29,000) by a regional government for discrimination.
    (AP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, Syrian troops and Iranian-backed militias launched an assault on Bedouin villages in the southeast desert to consolidate control of eastern Sweida, a swathe of desert stretching to the Iraqi border.
    (Reuters, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, In southern Thailand a group of gunmen barged into the home of Worayuth Sanglhung, a village headman in Krabi province, and killed eight members of his family, including three children, by shooting them in the head. On July 16 police said local businessman Surikfad Bannopwongsakul, who had a dispute with Sanglhung, has been arrested along with seven others.
    (AP, 7/11/17)(AP, 7/17/17)
2017        Jul 10, Turkey’s state media reported that the government has detained 42 staff of two Istanbul universities including a prominent academic as part of an investigation into the group blamed for last year's failed coup. Anadolu news agency also said authorities have issued a total of 72 arrest warrants for people suspected of links to the group of US-based Muslim cleric Fethullah Gulen.
    (AFP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, The UN's envoy for Syria opened a new round of indirect talks in Geneva, the seventh so far, between Syrian government representatives and opposition leaders to try to wind down the battered country's civil war.
    (AP, 7/10/17)
2017        Jul 10, The Red Cross said a cholera outbreak in Yemen has now surpassed 300,000 suspected cases with more than 1,600 deaths.
    (AFP, 7/10/17)

2018        Jul 10, President Donald Trump launched a weeklong Europe trip with harsh criticism for NATO allies and predicted the "easiest" leg of his journey would be his scheduled sit-down with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Pres. Donald Trump pardoned ranchers Dwight and Steven Hammond, whose case sparked the 2016 armed occupation of a national wildlife refuge in Oregon. The Hammonds were convicted in 2012 of intentionally setting fires on public lands.
    (SFC, 7/11/18, p.A7)
2018        Jul 10, The US State Department said it had designated al-Ashtar Brigades, established in Bahrain in 2013, as a foreign terrorist organization. It described the organization as an Iran-backed terrorist group.
    (Reuters, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, The Office of the US Trade Representative proposed 10 percent tariffs on a list of 6,031 Chinese product lines. The office will accept public comments and hold hearings on the plan Aug. 20-23 before reaching a decision after Aug. 31.
    (AP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey said the state will no longer give jail food funds to sheriffs personally after some profited large sums by skimping on jailhouse meals. A 2008 state policy called for paying prisoner food service allowances directly to sheriffs.
    (SFC, 7/12/18, p.A10)
2018        Jul 10, California's third District of Appeal ordered the state to restore $331 million to a homeowner's fund that was designated for programs to assist homeowners harmed by abusive bank foreclosures. In 2012 California had received $410 million as part of a nationwide settlement with major banks accused of the abusive foreclosures. Gov. Jerry Brown then used $331 million to pay state agencies in housing and other programs to cover their deficits.
    (SFC, 7/12/18, p.C1)
2018        Jul 10, In South Carolina an 11-year-old Danish girl died one day after she was struck by a vehicle while walking with her parents in Charleston. Jeffrey William Wakefield (30) of Charleston, was charged with reckless homicide and driving under the influence resulting in death.
    (AP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, In North Dakota a tornado killed a seven-day-old baby and injured more than two dozen people when it ripped through a trailer park in the southwest part of Watford City.
    (AP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, Tesla said it has reached an agreement with Chinese authorities to build a battery and automobile factory in Shanghai, its first first plant outside the US.
    (SFC, 7/11/18, p.C1)
2018        Jul 10, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber killed at least 12 people, including several children, in an attack in the eastern city of Jalalabad claimed by Islamic State militants.
    (Reuters, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, An Afghan man (23) deported from Germany was found dead in a hotel room in Kabul after committing suicide. He was forcibly returned to Kabul on July 4 along with 68 other failed Afghan asylum seekers.
    (AFP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, In Azerbaijan two high-ranking police officers were stabbed to death while confronting about 200 demonstrators gathered outside the local administration headquarters in the western city of Ganja. One suspect was arrested the next day. Azerbaijani media said the protest was over the arrest of a man accused of attacking Ganja's mayor, Elmar Veliyev.
    (AP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, British PM Theresa May met with her shaken-up Cabinet as she tried to restore government unity after the resignations of two top ministers over Brexit.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, China allowed Liu Xia, the wife of dissident intellectual Liu Xiaobo, to fly to Berlin for medical treatment, ending an eight-year house arrest that drew international criticism and made the soft-spoken, chain-smoking 57-year-old poet with a shaven head a tragic icon known around the world.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, A Chinese court convicted a Japanese citizen of spying in China. Takahiro Iwase was sentenced to 12 years in prison with forced labor by the Hangzhou Intermediate People's Court in Zhejiang. Iwase was arrested in May 2015 near a military facility in the Zhejiang province on suspicion of spying.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, An official with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe defended the creation of a glossary that offers journalists on both sides of ethnically divided Cyprus alternatives to words that are deemed offensive or negative in their reporting of the island's long-standing conflict.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Czech PM Andrej Babis signed a power-sharing deal with the far-left Communist Party in a move that will give the maverick party a role in governing for the first time since the country's 1989 anti-communist Velvet Revolution.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Ecuador's highest court upheld a $9.5 billion judgement against Chevron for decades of rainforest damage. California-based Chevron no longer operates in the country.
    (SFC, 7/12/18, p.C4)
2018        Jul 10, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) said Bulgaria has opened a new plasma melting plant that will treat and dispose of radioactive waste at its Kozloduy nuclear power plant.
    (Reuters, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, French firefighters found five people dead, including a toddler, after a suspected domestic dispute in an apartment in the southwestern city of Pau.
    (AFP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, In France Airbus unveiled its new A220 aircraft, a rebranded Bombardier C Series plane that the company picked up in a deal last year.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Germany-based BMW Group and the biggest Chinese SUV brand, Great Wall Motor, announced a partnership to produce electric MINI vehicles in China as global automakers ramp up development under pressure from Beijing.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Indian police arrested seven people in Bihar state, including a school principal and a teacher, on suspicion of raping and blackmailing a teenage girl over several months. The girl (15) had told police she was raped by students in a school lavatory in December 2017 and that the abuse continued for seven months.
    (Reuters, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Japan's top government spokesman says at least 155 people have been confirmed dead from the recent heavy rains, floods and mudslides that had struck western Japan. More than 50 people were still unaccounted
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, In Indian-controlled Kashmir government forces fired at protesters, killing a teenage boy and wounding at least 120 more who had been trying to reach the site of a gunbattle in which soldiers killed two rebels.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Ireland said it will introduce safe access zones around premises where abortion services will be provided and ensure cost is not a barrier to terminations as part of new laws following a historic referendum vote to repeal its strict abortion laws.
    (Reuters, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Israel's navy seized a boat that had left from a Gaza port with wounded Palestinians aboard in a bid to challenge the blockade of the Hamas-run enclave.
    (AFP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, In northern Mexico a drone carrying two deactivated grenades landed on a property owned by the security chief of Baja California state.
    (AP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, In Northern Ireland six shots were fired at police officers during a fourth night of disturbances in Derry. Authorities accused dissident Irish republican groups opposed to Northern Ireland's peace process of fueling the latest violence.
    (AP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, In northern Nigeria 26 people were killed over the last two days in violence blamed on cattle thieves.
    (AFP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, Norway's energy regulator said Norwegians enjoyed the warmest May this year since records began in 1900, but as rainfall has been unusually low, the treat will cost them about 2 billion euros ($2.34 billion) in higher power bills.
    (Reuters, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, In Romania two grandparents and their two grandchildren were swept away by torrents of water after their cart capsized in a flooded river in the village of Magurele.
    (AP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, In the World Cup semifinals in St. Petersburg French defender Samuel Umtiti's second-half headed goal led France to a 1-0 victory over Belgium.
    (AP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, A Russian cargo ship delivered a fresh load of fuel, food, and other supplies for the International Space Station, making it in record time. The unmanned spacecraft docked at the station in automatic mode less than four hours after the launch.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Saudi state media said Saudi Arabia's air defense forces intercepted a missile launched toward the kingdom's southwestern Jizan region by Yemen's armed Houthi movement. The Houthi-run al-Masirah TV said earlier that a Badr 1 missile had targeted Jizan Economic City, where Saudi Aramco is building a 400,000-barrel-per-day refinery that is expected to become fully operational in 2019.
    (Reuters, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, The Saudi-based Organization of Islamic Cooperation began hosting a two-day conference to encourage peace talks to end Afghanistan's nearly 17-year war.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, South Korea suspended its summertime civil defense drills aimed at preparing against a North Korean attack to keep alive a positive atmosphere for nuclear diplomacy with the North.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, In South Sudan rebels reportedly ambushed and killed three government soldiers who had gone to look for wild cassava.
    (AP, 7/12/18)
2018        Jul 10, Spain's Supreme Court ordered former Catalan president Carles Puigdemont and five other separatists be suspended as regional lawmakers after concluding a probe into their secession bid.
    (AFP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Syrian government forces bombed villages and towns in the northwestern province of Idlib after a surprise attack by insurgents that reportedly killed two dozen soldiers.
    (AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, Taiwan braced for Typhoon Maria, prompting school closures and the cancellations of hundreds of flights amid warnings of landslides and floods on the island.
    (Reuters, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, In Thailand rescuers freed the last four of 12 Thai boys and their soccer coach from the flooded Tham Luang Nang Non cave, ending a mission that gripped the world for 18 days.
    (Reuters, 7/10/18)(AP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, The UN said at least 16,000 people have been displaced from their homes by armed conflict in the border region between Colombia and Venezuela.
    (AFP, 7/11/18)
2018        Jul 10, The UN human rights office said at least 232 civilians were killed and 120 women and girls raped in "scorched earth" attacks by South Sudan government troops and aligned forces in opposition-held villages earlier this year.
    (Reuters, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, The UN said more than 800 children as young as 11 years of age were recruited to Yemen's devastating conflict in 2017 alone.
    (AFP, 7/10/18)
2018        Jul 10, In Yemen Martin Griffiths, the UN envoy for Yemen, met with embattled President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi in another round of talks aimed at brokering a truce between the government and rebels.
    (AFP, 7/10/18)

2019        Jul 10, Pres. Trump signed an executive order directing the government to revamp the nation's care for kidney disease so that more people whose kidneys fail have a chance at early transplants and home dialysis.
    (SFC, 7/11/19, p.A10)
2019        Jul 10, Dorothy Toy (b.1917), an American dancer of Japanese heritage, died in Oakland, Ca. She worked for much of her career with Paul Wing. In 2017 Rick Quan produced the documentary "Dancing through Life: The Dorothy Toy Story".
    (SFC, 8/2/19, p.C3)
2019        Jul 10, Puerto Rico's former secretary of education and five other people were arrested on charges of steering federal money to unqualified , politically connected contractors.
    (SFC, 7/11/19, p.A6)
2019        Jul 10, The World Customs Organization and Interpol said they had conducted nearly 2000 seizures in June in Operation Thunderball helping local authorities seize nearly 10,000 live turtles, we live apes, 30 live big cats, half a ton of ivory and five rhino horns.
    (SFC, 7/11/19, p.A2)
2019        Jul 10, The International Atomic Energy Agency said Iran is enriching uranium to 4.5% purity, above the 3.67% limit set by its deal with major powers.
    (Reuters, 7/10/19)
2019        Jul 10, It was reported that Sir James Dyson (72), the leading Brexiteer, billionaire and high-flying British technology entrepreneur, has bought the most expensive “super penthouse" in Singapore for £44 million.
    (The Telegraph, 7/10/19)
2019        Jul 10, Britain’s ambassador in Washington, Sir Kim Darroch, resigned following a diplomatic storm caused by the publication of leaked emails in which he lambasted the Trump administration.
    (The Daily Beast, 7/10/19)
2019        Jul 10, Human Rights Watch said 22 Western countries have issued a statement urging China to end mass arbitrary detentions and other violations against Uighurs and other Muslims in the Xinjiang region.
    (AP, 7/10/19)
2019        Jul 10, French President Emmanuel Macron's top diplomatic advisor held high-level talks in Tehran aimed at saving the 2015 nuclear deal and easing tensions between Iran and the US.
    (AFP, 7/10/19)
2019        Jul 10, France admitted that it is the owner of American-made anti-tank missiles found at a base used by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar's Libyan National Army for its assault on Tripoli. The Army Ministry said the Javelin anti-tank guided missiles were for the "self-protection of a French military unit deployed to carry out intelligence and counter-terrorism operations" and never intended for sale or transfer to any party to Libya's conflict.
    (The Telegraph, 7/10/19)
2019        Jul 10, In Germany Ali Bashar (22), an Iraqi man, was sentenced to life in jail for the 2018 rape and murder of Susanna Maria Feldman (14) that fuelled far-right protests against a mass influx of mostly Muslim migrants.
    (AFP, 7/10/19)
2019        Jul 10, Iran's Revolutionary Guards launched deadly strikes against "terrorists" across the border in Iraqi Kurdistan. The two-day operation killed at least one civilian.
    (AFP, 7/12/19)(AP, 7/12/19)
2019        Jul 10, Sudanese activists said the ruling generals restored internet service in the country, following a weekslong blackout imposed during a deadly crackdown early last month.
    (AP, 7/10/19)
2019        Jul 10, The UN environment agency said networks and organizations representing more than 7,000 institutions of higher and further education around the world have signed a letter declaring "a climate emergency" and committing to tackle it.
    (AP, 7/10/19)

Go to http://www.timelinesdb.com
Go to July 11