Today in History - July 14

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1223        Jul 14, Philip II Augustus (57), King of France (1180-1223), died. Louis VIII succeeded his father.
    (HN, 7/14/98)(MC, 7/14/02)

1420        Jul 14, Jan Zizka (1360?-1424) led the Taborites in Battle at Vitkov Zizka's hill (Prague). The Taborites beat forces under Sigismund, the pro-Catholic King of Hungary and Bohemia. This was part of the Hussite Wars (1419-1436).
    (http://user.intop.net/~jhollis/janzizka.htm)

1430        Jul 14, Joan of Arc, taken prisoner by the Burgundians in May, was handed over to Pierre Cauchon, the bishop of Beauvais.
    (HN, 7/14/98)

1456        Jul 14, Hungarians defeated the Ottomans at the Battle of Belgrade, in present-day Yugoslavia. The 1456 Siege of Belgrade decided the fate of Christendom.
    (HN, 7/14/98)

1486        Jul 14, Andrea del Sarto (d.1531), aka Vanucchi or di Francesco, Italian Renaissance artist (Recollets), was born. He represented what Vasari called the terza maniera, the third or modern manner of painting.
    (WUD, 1994, p.55)(WSJ, 10/29/96, p.A21)(MC, 7/14/02)

1520        Jul 14, Hernando Cortes fought the Aztecs at the Battle of Otumba, Mexico.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1536        Jul 14, France and Portugal signed the naval treaty of Lyons aligning themselves against Spain.
    (HN, 7/14/98)

1581        Jul 14, English Jesuit Edmund Campion was arrested.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1602        Jul 14, Jules Mazarin, French cardinal, French 1st Minister (1642-61), was born.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1614        Jul 14, Camillus de Lellis (64), Italian soldier, monastery founder, saint, died.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1634        Jul 14, Pasquier Quesnel, French theologian, Jansenist (Jesus-Christ Penitent), was born.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1682        Jul 14, Henry Purcell was appointed organist of Chapel Royal, London.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1698        Jul 14, The first Company of Scotland expedition of five ships (Saint Andrew, Caledonia, Unicorn, Dolphin, and Endeavour) set sail from the east coast port of Leith to avoid observation by English warships, with around 1,200 people on board. After calling at Madeira and the West Indies, the fleet made landfall off the coast of Darien on 2 November. The settlers christened their new home "New Caledonia."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darien_scheme)

1771        Jul 14, Father Junipero Serra founded the Mission San Antonio de Padua in California.
    (SFEC, 3/12/00, p.T4)(MC, 7/14/02)

1776        Jul 14, Jemima Boone (13), the daughter of Daniel Boone, and 2 friends were kidnapped by a group of 5 Shawnee and Cherokee Indians near Boonesborough, Kentucky. They were rescued on July 16 by Daniel Boone and 7 other Boonesborough men.
    (ON, 8/08, p.6)

1789        July 14    , Bastille Day. Tens of thousands of the citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille, the Paris fortress used as a prison to hold political prisoners, and released the seven prisoners inside at the onset of the French Revolution. Over 100 rioters were killed or wounded. The average Frenchman was 5 foot 2 and weighed 105 pounds. France’s Louis XIV made a diary entry that read “Rien" (nothing). Historian Francois Furet (1927-1997), a leading writer on the French Revolution, was best known for his work: "Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution." He refuted Marxist interpretations of the events that preceded and followed the fall of the monarchy. In 1939 W. Higgins edited "The French Revolution Told by Contemporaries."
    (AP, 7/14/97)(HN, 7/14/98)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R12)(ON, 4/01, p.1)(Econ, 6/25/05, p.52)(SFC, 7/15/97, p.A18)
1789        Jul 14, The French Revolution. "It was not the literate and cultured minority of Frenchmen who brought down the government, as had been the case in England and America. Instead it was the common people, who marched upon the king and queen in their palace at Versailles. The Jacobins promulgated a Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizen that went beyond the American Bill of Rights in affirming, "Nothing that is not forbidden by Law may be hindered, and no one may be compelled to do what the Law does not ordain," for "Liberty consists in being able to do anything that does not harm others."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.230-231)(SFC, 6/23/96, Z1 p.2)

1791        Jul 14-1791 Jul 17, Riots took place in Birmingham, England. The houses of Joseph Priestley and other political dissenters were burned to the ground. Priestley had rejected various supernatural elements of Christianity, criticized the Church of England, and supported the French Revolution.
    (SFC, 1/9/09, p.E3)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Priestley_Riots)

1795        Jul 14, "La Marseillais," written in 1792, became the French national anthem.
    (http://tinyurl.com/7a4p9)

1798        Jul 14, The Sedition Act, the last of four pieces of legislation known as the Alien and Sedition Acts, was passed by Congress, making it unlawful to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the U.S. president and the U.S. government, among other things. Violations were made punishable by up to 2 years in jail and a fine of $2,000.
    (AP, 7/14/97)(HN, 7/14/98)(WSJ, 10/29/04, p.W10)
1798        Jul 14, 1st direct federal tax in US states took effect on dwellings, land and slaves.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1817        Jul 14, Madame de Stael (51), writer and daughter of former French finance minister Jacques Necker, died. She was intimate with Benjamin Constant and their intellectual collaboration made them one of the most important intellectual pairs of their time. In 2005 Maria Fairweather authored “Madame de Stael." In 2008 Renee Winegarten authored the dual biography “Germaine de Stael & Benjamin Constant."
    (Econ, 3/19/05, p.88)(www.kirjasto.sci.fi/stael.htm)(WSJ, 6/23/08, p.A15)

1827        Jul 14, Augustin-Jean Fresnel (b.1788), French engineer, died. He contributed significantly to the establishment of the theory of wave optics. Fresnel studied the behavior of light both theoretically and experimentally. He worked out a way to focus light using diffraction and was the first to construct a special type of lens, now called a Fresnel lens, as a substitute for mirrors in lighthouses.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augustin-Jean_Fresnel)(Econ, 6/9/12, p.85)

1845        Jul 14, Fire in NYC destroyed 1,000 homes and killed many.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1850        Jul 14, The 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration took place. James Harrison of Australia designed an ice-making machine. It was an improvement on one invented by Jacob Perkins in 1834.
    (MC, 7/14/02)(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R14)

1853        Jul 14, Pres. Franklin Pierce opened the 1st industrial exposition in NY. Some 4,000 exhibitors gathered for a trade show at the New York Crystal Palace (later Bryant Park).
    (WSJ, 9/14/00, p.A24)(MC, 7/14/02)
1853        Jul 14, Commodore Matthew Perry met with Prince Toda and Prince Ido at ceremony at Kurihama, Japan, and presented a letter from former Pres. Fillmore to Emperor Osahito requesting trade relations. Fillmore's term of office had already expired by the time the letter was delivered.
    (ON, 11/04, p.12)(AP, 7/14/07)

1858        Jul 14, Emmeline Pankhurst, British suffragist and founder of the Women's Social and Political Union, was born in Manchester, England.
    (HN, 7/14/98)(AP, 7/14/08)

1860        Jul 14, Owen Wister (d.1938), novelist, was born in Germantown, Pa.  His 1902 novel "The Virginian" inspired 5 films.
    (HN, 7/14/01)(SFC, 1/9/02, p.D8)(AH, 10/02, p.18)

1861        Jul 14, Union troops tried to force a crossing at Seneca Falls on the Potomac, northwest of Washington but were repulsed by the Confederates. A company of the Louisiana Tiger Rifles helped defend the line.
    (HN, 7/14/99)
1861        Jul 14, Gen McDowell advanced toward Fairfax Courthouse, VA, with 40,000 troops.
    (MC, 7/14/02)
1861        Jul 14, Naval Engagement at Wilmington, NC. USS Daylight established a blockade.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1863        Jul 14, Jews of Holstein Germany were granted equality.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1864        Jul 14, At Harrisburg, Mississippi, Federal troops under General Andrew Jackson Smith repulsed an attack by General Nathan Bedford Forrest, one of Forrest's only two defeats.
    (HN, 7/14/98)
1864        Jul 14, Gold was discovered in Helena, Mont. Four prospectors discovered gold in a small stream they called "Last Chance." This marked the birth of Helena, future capital of Montana. [see 1863]
    (Visitor’s brochure, 9/11/97)(MC, 7/14/02)

1865        Jul 14, Edward Whymper, Charles Hudson, Michel Croz, and Douglas Hadow became the 1st to climb the Matterhorn, on the border of Switzerland and Italy. Only Edward Whymper survived the descent.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Whymper)

1868        Jul 14, Alvin J. Fellows patented a tape measure.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1877        Jul 14, The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began in Martinsburg, West Virginia, and ended some 45 days later after it was put down by local and state militias.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Railroad_Strike_of_1877)

1881        Jul 14, Outlaw Billy the Kid (21), (born as Henry McCarty) aka William H. Bonney or Kid Antrim, was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner, New Mexico. Billy had been held in Lincoln County Courthouse jail but escaped and killed two guards. The Kid had fled to Fort Sumner and on a tip, Garrett set out toward Fort Sumner to find him, with lawmen John Poe and Thomas C. "Kip" McKinney. According to some, Pete Maxwell had alerted Poe to the Kid's whereabouts. Many details about Billy the Kid's death are controversial but, apparently, as he was returning to Maxwell's house he came upon Poe and McKinney outside, unsure of whether they were friends or foes. Garrett was awaiting inside, and as the Kid entered the room, Garrett shot him above the heart. Newspaperman A.J. Fountain awarded Garrett a gold star, which fetched $100,000 at auction in 2008. Joel Jacobsen later authored "Such Men as Billy the Kid."
    (AP, 7/14/97)(HNPD, 7/14/98)(SFC, 2/2/01, p.A14)(SFC, 6/17/08, p.B8)

1882        Jul 14, Johnny Ringo, a fast draw gunman, was found dead in Tombstone, Az.
    (SFC, 4/22/00, p.E3)

1895        Jul 14, William Leefe Robinson, the first man to win the Victoria Cross for shooting down a German Zeppelin, was born.
    (HN, 7/14/98)

1896        Jul 14, The Pacific Mail $680,000 Steamship Colombia was destroyed on rocks near Pescadero, Ca.
    (Ind, 7/20/02, 5A)(Ind, 8/10/02, 5A)

1897        Jul 14, Swede Saloman Andrée (b.1854)) and 2 accomplices, Knute Fraenkle and Nils Strindberg, in the Ornen balloon were forced down after 64 hours in the first expedition to fly by balloon from Spitsbergen across the North Pole. Their attempt to return ended on White Island. Their fate was only discovered Aug 5-6, 1930, by Norwegian whalers.
    (HNQ, 5/22/01)(ON, 11/01, p.11)(Econ, 5/11/13, p.89)

1900        Jul 14, European Allies retook Tientsin, China, from the rebelling Boxers.
    (HN, 7/14/98)

1901        Jul 14, Gerald Raphael Finzi, composer, was born.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1903        Jul 14, Irving Stone, biographical novelist, was born.
    (HN, 7/14/01)

1904        Jul 14, Isaac Singer (1991), Polish-born American author (Enemies-Nobel 1978), was born. "God is the sum of all possibilities." "When you betray somebody else, you also betray yourself."
    (AP, 3/30/97)(AP, 6/4/99)(HN, 7/14/01)(MC, 7/14/02)

1906        Jul 14, Tom Carvel, ice cream mogul (Carvels), was born.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1908        Jul 14, The short film "The Adventures of Dollie," the first movie directed by D.W. Griffith, opened in New York.
    (AP, 7/14/08)

1911        Jul 14, Terry Thomas, actor (It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World), was born in England.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1912        Jul 14, Woodrow Wilson "Woody" Guthrie, American folk singer, was born. Woody Guthrie (d.1967) was born in Okemah, Okla.
    (HN, 7/14/98)(SFC, 11/27/98, p.C11)

1913        Jul 14, Gerald Ford (d.2006), 41st vice-president and 38th president of the United States, was born as Leslie King, Jr. in Omaha, Nebraska, and achieved his highest prominence as the 38th president of the Untied States. He became president upon Richard Nixon's resignation from office. Gerald Rudolph Ford was age two when his mother divorced his father and moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan. She remarried Gerald Ford, Sr., who adopted the young boy and gave him his name. Ford assumed the presidency on August 9, 1974, upon the resignation of Richard M. Nixon.
    (HN, 7/14/99)(HNQ, 11/24/99)(AP, 12/27/06)
1913        Jul 14, Jimmy Hoffa, missing labor leader, was born.
    (MC, 7/14/02)
1913        Jul 14, Fritz Erler, German politician (SDP), was born.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1914        Jul 14, 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design was granted to Dr. R. Goddard.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1916        Jul 14, Natalia Ginzberg, Italian novelist (The Dry Heat, Family Sayings), was born.
    (HN, 7/14/01)

1918        Jul 14, Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film director (The Seventh Seal, Fanny and Alexander), was born in Uppsala, Sweden.
    (HN, 7/14/01)(MC, 7/14/02)
1918        Jul 14, Arthur Laurents, writer and librettist, was born.
    (HN, 7/14/01)

1921        Jul 14, Italian anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were convicted for the May 5, 1920 killing of a paymaster and guard at a shoe factory in South Braintree, Massachusetts. Many claimed there was unsubstantial evidence and that the two were tried for their radical views rather than any crime. A defense committee secured a stay of their death sentences and the cause of Sacco and Vanzetti grew around the world. In 1927 a commission appointed by the governor of Massachusetts examined the conduct and evidence of the trial and sustained the verdict. Sacco and Vanzetti were put to death in the electric chair on August 23, 1927.
    (HNQ, 4/26/00)

1927        Jul 14, John William Chancellor, news anchor (NBC, VOA), was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1933        Jul 14, All German political parties except the Nazi Party were outlawed.
    (AP, 7/14/97)
1933        Jul 14, Nazi Germany promulgated the Law for the Protection of Hereditary Health. It was the beginning of their Euthanasia program.
    (HN, 7/14/00)

1938        Jul 14, Jerry Rubin, activist (Chicago 7), stockbroker, was born.
    (MC, 7/14/02)
1938        Jul 14, Howard Hughes landed at Floyd Bennet Field in NY with a crew of four after flying around the world in 3 days, 19 hours, and 17 min., a new record.
    (Hem., 2/96, p.44)
1938        Jul 14, Italian Premier Mussolini published an anti-Jewish and African manifesto prepared by Italian "scientists."
    (http://specialcollections.library.wisc.edu/exhibits/Fascism/Race.html)(Econ, 11/21/09, p.55)

1940        Jul 14, Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertised batting helmet with earflaps.
    (MC, 7/14/02)
1940        Jul 14, A force of German Ju-88 bombers attacked Suez, Egypt, from bases in Crete.
    (HN, 7/14/98)

1941        Jul 14, Vichy French Foreign Legionaries signed an armistice in Damascus, allowing them to join the Free French Foreign Legion.
    (HN, 7/14/99)
1941        Jul 14, 6,000 Lithuanian Jews were exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1944        Jul 14, SS men Heinrich Boere and Jacobus Petrus Besteman shot and killed Dutch pharmacist Fritz Hubert Ernst Bicknese at his home in Breda for suspected activity in Nazi resistance. Boere was sentenced to death in absentia by a Dutch court in 1949. This was later commuted to life imprisonment. In 2009 Boere (88) was slated to stand trial for murder in Germany for the execution-style killings of three Dutch civilians during World War II. In 2010 a German court convicted Boere (88) of murdering the three Dutch civilians. He was given the maximum sentence of life in prison for the killings.
    (www.wsws.org/articles/2009/nov2009/germ-n02.shtml)(AP, 7/7/09)(AP, 3/23/10)

1945        Jul 14, American battleships and cruisers bombarded the Japanese home islands for the first time. The battleship USS South Dakota was 1st US ship to bombard Japan
    (HN, 7/14/98)(MC, 7/14/02)

1946        Jul 14, Dr. Benjamin Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care" was published.
    (MC, 7/14/02)
1946        Jul 14, Heart Mountain, Wyoming, Japanese-American draft resisters were released from McNeil Island.
    (SFC, 10/26/01, p.A28)

1948        Jul 14, Israel bombed Cairo.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1951        Jul 14, The George Washington Carver National Monument in Joplin, Missouri became the first national park honoring an African American.
    (HN, 7/14/98)

1952        Jul 14, SS United States crossed the Atlantic in 84:12, a record westward.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1953        Jul 14, The freighter Jacob Luckenbach from SF rammed the Matson freighter Hawaiian Pilot near Point Montara, 17 miles from the Golden Gate. The Luckenbach sank while the Hawaiian Pilot limped to SF. Oil leaked from the Luckenbach later killed numerous birds. In 2002 a $3.5 million plan for cleanup was begun. A $19 million cleanup ended in Sep.
    (Ind, 3/31/01, 5A)(SFC, 2/5/02, p.A15)(SFC, 5/8/02, p.A22)(SFC, 10/1/02, p.A13)
1953        Jul 14, There was a Communist offensive in Korea.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1957        Jul 14, Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sank in Caspian Sea and 270 drowned.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1958        Jul 14, In Iraq Gen. Abdel Karim al-Kassem (Qassim) assassinated Faisal II with his son and premier. Karim proclaimed a republic. Jordan’s King Hussein succeeded Faisal. Faisal II, Hashemite King of Iraq (1939-58), was assassinated at Baghdad and Noeri el-Said, premier of Iraq, was murdered. Mohammed Hadid (d.1999 at 92) served as the first finance minister under the government of Abdel Karim Qassem.
    (PC, 1992 ed, p.963)(AP, 7/14/97)(USAT, 3/24/99, p.18A) (SFC, 8/6/99, p.D4)

1960        Jul 14, Fire raging through a Guatemala City, Guatemala, insane asylum and 225 were killed with 300 severely injured.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1961        Jul 14, Pope John XXIII published his encyclical Mater et magistrate.
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1962        Jul 14, Borehole for Mont Blanc-tunnel, between France and Italy, was finished. [see Aug 14]
    (MC, 7/14/02)

1964        Jul 14, The United States sent 600 more troops to Vietnam.
    (HN, 7/14/98)

1965        Jul 14, The American space probe Mariner 4 flew by Mars, sending back photographs of the planet.
    (AP, 7/14/97)
1965        Jul 14, U.S. Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson Jr., the Democratic presidential nominee in 1952 and 1956, died in London at age 65.
    (AP, 7/14/97)

1966        Jul 14, German-born playboy Gunter Sachs (1932-2011) married Brigitte Bardot in Las Vegas. They divorced in 1969.
    (AFP, 5/23/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunter_Sachs)
1966        Jul 14, In Chicago Richard Speck murdered 8 student nurses in a Chicago dormitory. He made a videotape in prison and admitted to the killings. Gloria Davy, Patricia Matusek, Nina  Schmale, Pamela Wilkening, Suzanne Farris, Mary Ann Jordan,  Merlita Gargullo, and Valentina Paison; all nursing students  at the South Chicago Community Hospital; were raped then strangled or stabbed to death by Richard Speck. One survivor, Cora Amurao, identified Richard Speck, and he was put in jail. He was serving consecutive sentences of 50 to 150 years and died of a heart attack in 1991 at age 49. The video shows him having sex and snorting cocaine in prison.
    (USA Today, 5/14/96, p.3A)(TMC, 1994, p.1966)(AP, 7/14/97)

1967        Jul 14, The Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization, or WIPO Convention, was signed at Stockholm, Sweden, and entered into force on April 26, 1970. As its name suggests, it established the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). WIPO Convention has 184 Contracting Parties. The Convention is written in English, French, Russian and Spanish, all texts being equally authentic. The Convention was amended on September 28, 1979.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Intellectual_Property_Organization)

1969        Jul 14 - 1969 Aug 2, In West Papua the "Act of Free Choice" was conducted by the Indonesian military forces. A UN approved referendum, involving 1,026 handpicked pro-Jakarta tribal chiefs, ratified Indonesia’s 1963 annexation of West Papua. Many voted at gunpoint in the unanimous decision. In papers released in 2004 it was revealed that US Ambassador Marshall Green in 1969 had foreknowledge that Indonesia had no intention of allowing a Papuan vote that might prevent Indonesia from annexing West Papua as a Indonesian province; he further pointed out that any UN member would be unwise to expect free or direct elections.
    (WSJ, 6/6/00, p.A23)(SSFC, 9/1/02, p.A15)(http://tinyurl.com/7cxq3)(Econ, 6/30/12, p.46)

1972        Jul 14, The US State Department criticized actress Jane Fonda for making antiwar radio broadcasts in Hanoi, calling them "distressing."
    (AP, 7/14/00)

1974        Jul 14, Bundy victims Janice Ott and Denise Naslund disappeared at Lake Sammamish, WA.
    (http://usersites.horrorfind.com/home/horror/drlarry/bundy3.htm)
1974            Jul 14, Carl A. Spaats (b.1891), 1st chief of staff of USAF, died at age 83.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Spaatz)

1976        Jul 14, Jimmy Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination by an overwhelming margin at the party's convention in New York City.
    (AP, 7/14/97)
1976        Jul 14, Carmelo Soria (b.1921), a Spanish UN official in Chile, was abducted. His corpse found two days later in a car sunk in the Canal del Carmen in the Piramide sector of Santiago de Chile. He was assassinated by Chile's DINA agents as a part of Operation Condor. Soria was first detained in the Vía Naranja house in the sector of Lo Curro, shared by DINA agent Michael Townley.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carmelo_Soria)

1977        Jul 14, US House Resolution 658 established a permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.
    (http://intelligence.house.gov/Faqs.aspx)

1978        Jul 14, Soviet dissident Anatoly (Natan) Sharansky was convicted of treasonous espionage and anti-Soviet agitation, and sentenced to 13 years at hard labor. He was released in 1986.
    (AP, 7/14/98)

1982        Jul 14, The US made assurances to Taiwan regarding arms sales.
    (www.heritage.org/Research/AsiaandthePacific/hl808.cfm)
1982        Jul 14, Virginia Hall (b.1906), a Baltimore native who had worked in France for British intelligence during WW II, died. In 1942 the Gestapo circulated posters offering a reward for the capture of "the woman with a limp. She is the most dangerous of all Allied spies and we must find and destroy her." Hall’s left leg had been amputated below the knee about a decade earlier after she stumbled and blasted her foot with a shotgun while hunting in Turkey.
    (AP, 12/11/06)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Hall)
1982        Jul 14, Iran launched a "Ramadan-offensive" in Iraq.
    (http://tinyurl.com/3xp9jz)

1984        Jul 14, Al Schacht (91), baseball player, died. He was known as the Clown prince of baseball. The former Washington Senators pitcher turned top hat jester had entertained the crowd before twenty-five World Series and eighteen All-Star Games.
    (www.baseball-almanac.com/yearly/yr1984a.shtml)
1984        Jul 14, David Lange (1942-2005) was elected prime minister of New Zealand. He served until 1989.
    (WSJ, 8/15/05, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand_general_election_1984)

1985        Jul 14, Carolyn Muncey’s badly beaten body was found near her home in eastern Tennessee. Paul House was convicted in 1986 and sentenced to die for the murder. In 2008 DNA evidence indicated he was not responsible for her sexual assault and a federal judge ordered that he be quickly retried or released.
    (SFC, 5/29/08, p.A2)(www.cbsnews.com/stories/2004/12/10/60minutes/main660438.shtml)

1986        Jul 14, Richard W. Miller became the 1st FBI agent convicted of espionage.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Miller_(FBI_agent))
1986        Jul 14, An expedition from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute filmed the wreck of the Titanic for the first time.
    (SFEC,12/797, DB p.37)
1986        Jul 14, In North Carolina Harold Gentry’s gunshot-ridden body was found sprawled on the floor of the home he shared with his wife, Betty Neumar. She collected at least $20,000 in life insurance, plus other benefits from the military and sold the couple's house and other items. In 2008 Neumar (76) was charged with hiring a hit man to gun him down. After arresting her, authorities realized that five times since the 1950s, she was married, and each union ended with the death of her husband.
    (AP, 6/13/08)
1986        Jul 14, Raymond Loewy (92), US industrial designer, died. His designs included the 1973 Avanti automobile.
    (www.raymondloewy.com/about/bio3.html)
1986        Jul 14, In Spain Jose Ignacio De Juana Chaos (b.1955), a former police officer who joined one of ETA's most active commando units, took part in a Madrid car bombing. The car bomb on República Dominicana Square killed 12 Civil Guard policemen. 45 people were wounded.
    (AP, 8/2/08)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I%C3%B1aki_de_Juana_Chaos)

1987        Jul 14, The National League took 13 innings to defeat the American League, 2-0, in the 58th All-Star Game in Oakland, Calif.
    (AP, 7/14/97)
1987        Jul 14, Lt. Col. Oliver North concluded six days of testimony before the Iran-Contra committees.
    (AP, 7/14/97)
1987        Jul 14, Greyhound Bus bought Trailways Bus for $80 million.
    (www.nlrb.gov/nlrb/shared_files/decisions/292/292-1069.txt)

1988        Jul 14, Speaking before the U.N. Security Council, Iran's foreign minister, Ali-Akbar Velayati, denounced the U.S. downing of an Iranian jetliner as "a barbaric massacre." Vice President Bush replied that the U.S.S. Vincennes had fired in self-defense.
    (AP, 7/14/98)
1988        Jul 14, The Soviet press agency Tass reported that Azerbaijan has rejected an attempt by Nagorno-Karabakh, a predominantly Armenian enclave, to secede and join Armenia. Some 200,000 demonstrated in Soviet Armenia for the incorporation of Nagorno-Karabakh.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n6dfc)

1989        Jul 14, 16th James Bond movies "License to Kill" premiered in the US.
    (www.bondmovies.com/ltk)
1989        Jul 14, Leaders of the seven richest nations opened a summit in Paris, which was also celebrating the bicentennial of the French Revolution with pomp and pageantry.
    (AP, 7/14/99)
1989        Jul 14, In San Francisco promoters staged a four-round exhibition match between legendary boxer Roberto Duran (38) and Irishman Pat Lawlor (25) of the Sunset District before 4,787 fans at the Civic Auditorium.
    (SSFC, 7/13/14, DB p.38)

1990        Jul 14, West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl arrived in Moscow for talks with Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev that were aimed at soothing Kremlin concerns about German unification.
    (AP, 7/14/00)

1991        Jul 14, American and Soviet negotiators in Washington continued work on trying to complete a treaty slashing long-range nuclear arsenals.
    (AP, 7/14/01)
1991        Jul 14, In California a Southern Pacific tanker car derailed near Dunsmuir and spilled 18,000 gallons of pesticides (19k gallons of metam sodium) into the Sacramento River. This killed every living thing in the river for 40 miles downstream including 250,000 trout.
    (SFEC, 8/16/98, p.T7)(SFC, 11/13/99, p.A22)
1991        Jul 14, Leaders of the Group of Seven nations began gathering in London for their annual economic summit.
    (AP, 7/14/01)

1992        Jul 14, The American League won the All-Star game, defeating the National League team 13-6 at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego.
    (AP, 7/14/97)
1992        Jul 14, The second day of the Democratic National Convention heard from speakers who included former President Carter, the Rev. Jesse Jackson and AIDS activist Elizabeth Glaser.
    (AP, 7/14/97)

1993        Jul 14, President Clinton visited flood-stricken Iowa for the second time in 10 days, telling flood victims to "hang in there."
    (AP, 7/14/98)

1994        Jul 14, A tidal wave of Hutu refugees from Rwanda's civil war flooded across the border into Zaire, swamping relief organizations.
    (AP, 7/14/99)

1995        Jul 14, Under pressure from Congress, FBI Director Louis Freeh removed his friend Larry Potts as the bureau’s deputy director because of controversy over Potts’ role in a deadly 1992 FBI siege in Idaho.
    (AP, 7/14/00)
1995        Jul 14, Physicists announced that a new state of matter was formed by using lasers and evaporation to plunge the temp. of rubidium gas to minus 459.67 degrees F. A full article on the experiment appeared in the journal Science.
    (WSJ, 7/14/95, A-1)

1996        Jul 14, Fire crews battled blazes covering more than 16,000 acres in California, Colorado, Idaho, Oregon and Utah.
    (AP, 7/14/97)
1996        Jul 14, In Afghanistan the new prime minister, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, closed movie theaters and banned music on TV and radio, claiming that they were repugnant to Islam.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A11)
1996        Jul 14, If elections are to proceed in Bosnia, Swiss foreign minister Flavio Cotti must determine that they can be free and fair by this date. He is the chairman of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
    (SFC, 6/8/96, p.A10)
1996        Jul 14, In Northern Ireland, a car bomb at the Killyhevlin Hotel in the town of Enniskillen exploded and injured 17 people soon after the building was evacuated; a group calling itself "Continuity" claimed responsibility for the blast.
    (SFC, 7/15/96, p.A1)(AP, 7/14/97)

1997        Jul 14, O.J. Simpson's California mansion was auctioned off for $2.6 million.
    (AP, 7/14/98)
1997        Jul 14, The international war crimes tribunal for the former Yugoslavia sentenced Dusan Tadic, a Bosnian Serb, to 20 years in prison for turning on his Muslim and Croat neighbors in a deadly campaign of terror and torture.
    (AP, 7/14/98)
1997        Jul 14, In Algeria a bomb exploded in an Algiers market filled with women and children and killed 21 people and wounded 40. Weekend massacres left 40 villagers dead.
    (SFC, 7/15/97, p.A10)
1997        Jul 14, In Bangladesh monsoon flooding killed at least 64 people in the last week.
    (WSJ, 7/14/97, p.A1)
1997        Jul 14, In El Salvador regulators seized Financiera Insepro which collapsed and left more than 1000 account holders demanding justice. The $15 million bank failure led to a call for US investigators and 5 prominent business leaders were jailed.
    (SFEC, 7/20/97, p.A18)
1997        Jul 14, A footbridge over the Yarkon River collapsed while being crossed by the Australian delegation to the 15th Maccabiah games. Two died immediately in the accident and 2 died later from complications possibly caused by the pollution in the river. The games are held every 4 years for Jewish athletes. The bridge was thrown up in less than a month with no blueprint or foundation. 5 Israelis were convicted in 2000 for criminal negligence. 4 officials were sentenced to prison terms from 6-21 months.
    (SFC, 8/11/97, p.A6)(SFC, 4/18/00, p.A10)(SFC, 6/6/00, p.A16)
1997        Jul 14, In Kenya thousands of students fought riot police in Nairobi and demanded constitutional reforms. Naironi Univ. and Jomo Kenyatta Univ. were closed indefinitely.
    (SFC, 7/15/97, p.A10)
1997        Jul 14, In Rwanda weekend clashes between the army and Hutu rebels left more than 170 people dead.
    (SFC, 7/18/97, p.A11)
1997        Jul 14, In Spain more than 2 million people took to the streets across Spain to mourn the death of Miguel Angel Blanco and to condemn the Basque separatist guerrillas who killed him.
    (SFC, 7/15/97, p.A10)

1998        Jul 14, The city of Los Angeles sued 15 tobacco companies for $2.5 billion over the dangers of secondhand smoke.
    (AP, 7/14/99)
1998        Jul 14, Flash floods hit Tennessee and Alabama and 2 people were reported killed. Meanwhile hot weather in Texas was responsible for some 23 deaths where temperatures hit over 100 for the last 26 days.
    (SFC, 7/15/98, p.A3)
1998        Jul 14, In Puerto Rico the telephone union gave in after a 26-day strike and agreed to go back to work.
    (SFC, 7/15/98, p.A3)

1999        Jul 14, Major league umpires voted to resign September second and not work the final month of the season. The strategy collapsed, with baseball owners accepting the resignations of 22 umpires.
    (AP, 7/14/00)
1999        Jul 14, Race-based school busing in Boston came to an end after 25 years.
    (AP, 7/14/00)
1999        Jul 14, The EU agreed to resume British beef exports on Aug 1, ending a 3-year ban due to mad cow disease.
    (WSJ, 7/15/99, p.A13)
1999        Jul 14, China announced that it had developed the design technology to make neutron bombs 11 years ago and could make miniaturized nuclear weapons.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.A9)(WSJ, 7/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Jul 14, In France robbers raided the Draguignan Museum during Bastille Day celebrations. A stolen Rembrandt painting, “Child With a Soap Bubble," was recovered in Nice in 2014 and two suspects were detained.
    (SFC, 3/22/14, p.A2)
1999        Jul 14, Iranian hard-liners answered a week of pro-democracy rallies with one of their own, sending 100,000 people into the streets of Tehran.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.A1)(AP, 7/14/00)
1999        Jul 14, In Northern Ireland the Ulster Unionists under David Trimble rejected a compromise for the creation of a power sharing government.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.A12)
1999        Jul 14, In Jamaica troops were deployed in Kingston to control gang violence. Some 500 people had been murdered since the start of the year.
    (WSJ, 7/15/99, p.A1)
1999        Jul 14, In Peru army soldiers captured Oscar Ramirez Durand (46), aka Comrad Feliciano, head of the Shining Path rebels. He was later sentenced by a military tribunal to life in prison.
    (SFC, 7/15/99, p.A12)(SFC, 8/18/99, p.C2)(SFC, 8/31/99, p.A13)
1999        Jul 14, The Sudanese government banned aid flights to Western Upper Nile province where 2 factions allied to the government were fighting for control of oil fields. This soon put 150,000 people to face starvation.
    (SFC, 7/29/99, p.A16)

2000        Jul 14, In Florida a Miami-Dade County jury awarded $144.8 billion in punitive damages to 500,000 Florida smokers. Tobacco executives planned to appeal. In 2003 a state appeals court reversed not only the award but also the class action unifying hundreds of thousands of sick Florida smokers under a single lawsuit; the Florida Supreme Court agreed in May 2004 to review that decision.
    (SFC, 7/15/00, p.A1)(SFC, 5/22/03, p.A10)(AP, 7/14/05)
2000        Jul 14, In Waco, Texas, a federal jury decided that federal agents were not responsible for the deaths of 80 Branch Davidians in 1993.
    (SFC, 7/15/00, p.A1)
2000        Jul 14, A powerful flare erupted on the sun. It was the largest solar radiation event since Oct, 1989, and the associated coronal mass ejection was expected to trigger geomagnetic disturbances on Earth.
    (SFC, 7/15/00, p.A2)(SFEC, 7/16/00, p.A16)
2000        Jul 14, Actress Meredith MacRae of TV’s "Petticoat Junction" died in Manhattan Beach, California, at age 56.
    (AP, 7/14/01)
2000        Jul 14, In Australia John Roche contacted the Australian intelligence agency, known as ASIO to discuss information regarding his contacts with al-Qaeda.
    (LAT, 6/7/04)
2000        Jul 14, Mark Oliphant, a physicist who helped split the atom in 1932, died at age 98. He founded the Australian Academy of Science and was appointed as the governor of South Australia state (1971-1976).
    (SFC, 7/18/00, p.A22)
2000        Jul 14, In Canada a tornado hit the Green Acres campground near Red Deer, Alberta, and 9 people were killed. A 10th camper died the next day.
    (SFEC, 7/16/00, p.A2)(SFC, 7/17/00, p.A13)
2000        Jul 14, In Germany the Parliament passed a major tax-cut program.
    (SFC, 7/15/00, p.A16)
2000        Jul 14, In Durban, South Africa, Nelson Mandela closed the 13th Int’l. Conference on AIDS with a call for scientists to set aside differences with Pres. Thabo Mbeki and to concentrate on fighting the disease.
    (SFC, 7/15/00, p.A1)(AP, 7/14/01)

2001        Jul 14, The US launched a prototype missile interceptor from the Marshall Islands and successfully struck a mock warhead launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, 4,800 miles away. This was the 4th such Pentagon test. A $100 million prototype radar failed to detect the strike.
    (SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A3)(SFC, 7/18/01, p.A3)
2001        Jul 14, NASA launched an unmanned solar-powered plane named Helios over Hawaii.
    (WSJ, 7/16/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 14, Katharine Graham (b.1917), chairman of the executive committee of The Washington Post, suffered a head injury in a fall in Sun Valley, Idaho. She died three days later.
    (AP, 7/14/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.106)(NW, 12/31/01, p.106)
2001        Jul 14, China convicted Li Shaomin (44), a Chinese-born American business professor, of spying for Taiwan and ordered his expulsion.
    (SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A12)
2001        Jul 14, Gen. Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan arrived in India for talks on Kashmir and other issues with PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
    (SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A12)
2001        Jul 14, In Spain gunmen shot and killed a police officer, Mikel Uribe (44), in Leaburu and a bomb killed a local politician, Jose Javier Mugica (50), in Leiza. The ETA was blamed.
    (SSFC, 7/15/01, p.A18)

2002        Jul 14, Joaquin Balaguer (95), who ruled the Dominican Republic for 22 years and dominated his country's politics for years after leaving office, died.
    (AP, 7/14/02)(SFC, 7/15/02, p.B6)
2002        Jul 14, Maxime Brunerie, a man described as an emotionally disturbed neo-Nazi, tried to assassinate French President Jacques Chirac. He pulled a rifle from a guitar case and fired off a shot before being wrestled to the ground during a Bastille Day parade. Brunerie, sentenced to 10 years, was released from prison in 2009.
    (AP, 7/14/02)(AP, 8/22/09)
2002        Jul 14, Mexican state officials freed 10 prisoners in hopes of winning freedom for hostages held by farmers protesting construction of a new Mexico City airport.
    (AP, 7/15/02)
2002        Jul 14, A Palestinian man, on trial for allegedly collaborating with Israel, was killed by Palestinian militants after an Israeli airstrike disrupted court proceedings. Israeli aircraft fired missiles and destroyed a building in the southern Gaza Strip, injuring about 10 Palestinians.
    (AP, 7/14/02)
2002        Jul 14, A bus with 52 passengers, mostly Polish students, crashed in western Romania, killing five people and injuring 26.
    (AP, 7/14/02)
2002        Jul 14, A passenger bus overturned and burst into flames after hitting a cow, killing at least 18 people in South Africa's Eastern Cape province.
    (AP, 7/15/02)

2003        Jul 14, President Bush, facing questions about his credibility, said the United States was working overtime to prove Saddam Hussein was developing weapons of mass destruction before the United States invaded Iraq.
    (AP, 7/14/04)
2003        Jul 14, Columnist Robert Novak identified Valerie Plame as a CIA officer. Joseph Wilson, former American ambassador, had earlier alleged (July 6) that Pres. Bush had falsely accused Iraq of trying to buy uranium from Niger. Two White House officials soon called at least 6 Washington journalists and told them that Wilson’s wife, Valerie Plame, was an undercover CIA agent who had worked in Niger. In 2006 Richard Armitage, former Deputy Sec. of State, said he had confessed to the FBI on Oct 1, 2003, that he told Robert Novak about Valerie Plame during a July 8, 2003, meeting.
    (Econ, 8/21/04, p.28)(SFC, 10/14/04, p.A4)(SFC, 7/16/05, p.A4)(SFC, 8/29/06, p.A2)
2003        Jul 14, In China Yang Bin (40), a Chinese-born Dutch citizen, was convicted of fraud and bribery and sentenced to 18 years in prison. The orchid-selling tycoon was once ranked by Forbes magazine as China's second-richest businessman.
    (AP, 7/14/03)(SFC, 7/15/03, p.A11)
2003        Jul 14, In China a mountain on a tributary of the Three Gorges gave way killing 13 farmers. A large tongue of land was sheered into the water and a resulting wave crashed over 20 boats killing 11 fisherman.
    (WSJ, 8/29/07, p.A12)
2003        Jul 14, The Cyprus parliament voted unanimously to approve the accession of the Mediterranean island to the European Union.
    (AP, 7/14/03)
2003        Jul 14, Iraq's new governing council, in its first full day on the job, voted to send a delegation to the U.N. Security Council and assert its right to represent Baghdad on the world stage.
    (AP, 7/14/04)
2003        Jul 14, It was reported that Kim Jong Il of North Korea maintained an unpublicized trading network and slush fund named Division 39 with a cash hoard as large as $5 billion. Its operations included counterfeiting, drug trafficking and trade in illicit weapons systems.
    (WSJ, 7/14/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 14, In Manila Fathur Rohman al-Ghozi, terror suspect, escaped from prison.
    (Econ, 7/19/03, p.34)

2004        Jul 14, The US Senate scuttled a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage. 48 senators voted to advance the measure, 12 short of the 60 needed, and 50 voted to block it.
    (AP, 7/14/05)
2004        Jul 14, King Sihanouk reappointed Hun Sen as Cambodia’s premier.
    (WSJ, 7/15/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 14, Canada pulled its ambassador from Iran, which refused to admit observers to the trial of a policeman over a Canadian journalist’s fatal beating.
    (WSJ, 7/15/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 14, In Iraq a suicide attacker detonated a massive car bomb at a checkpoint near the British Embassy and the interim government's headquarters in Baghdad, killing 11 people.
    (SFC, 7/14/04, p.A12)(AP, 7/14/05)
2004        Jul 14, Militants in Iraq said they killed a captive Bulgarian truck driver and threatened to put another hostage to death in 24 hours. Georgi Lazov (30) and Ivaylo Kepov (32) were kidnapped Jun 29.
    (AP, 7/14/04)(USAT, 7/4/04, p.5A)
2004        Jul 14, Gov. Osama Youssef Kashmoula, a university professor, was gunned down as his convoy traveled to Baghdad for meetings with police officials on improving security.
    (AP, 7/15/04)

2005        Jul 14, US Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, ending a two-day stay in the hospital, pledged to continue working as long as his health permitted. He died in September 3, 2005.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2005        Jul 14, The US budget office said it expects a 2005 federal deficit of $333 billion, down 20% from a previous estimate and $79 billion below the record posted for 2004.
    (SFC, 7/14/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 14, A US appeals court overturned the 2003 “mad cow" ban on beef imports from Canada. The USDA said it would lift restrictions within days.
    (WSJ, 7/15/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 14, US and Afghan soldiers fought Taliban insurgent near the Pakistan border inside Afghanistan. Maj. Gen. Rehmatullah Raufi, the top army commander in Paktia, said the Afghan base was attacked in the Lwara area. The next day Pakistani troops found the bodies of 24 suspected Taliban militants. Pakistan protested the US cross-border raid.
    (AP, 7/15/05)(WSJ, 7/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 14, In Colombia commandos acting on a tip seized Jose Aldemar Rendon, as he was jogging outside Medellin. Rendon was a suspected leader of the Norte del Valle cartel drug cartel believed to have trafficked half the cocaine sold in the United States in the 1990s. In Maria la Baja the local paramilitary group disbanded and handed over its weapons under a peace agreement with the government.
    (AP, 7/15/05)(Econ, 3/24/07, p.41)
2005        Jul 14, The body of Jacques Roche, a well-known Haitian journalist, was found shot to death with signs of torture, 5 days after he was seized while driving in the capital.
    (AP, 7/15/05)
2005        Jul 14, Indian troops recovered the bodies of 5 Islamic militants as they hunted rebels high in the rugged Himalayas in northern Indian Kashmir. 7 people died in other violence. A spokesman identified one of the slain rebels as Abu Lukman, a senior member of the region's main rebel group Hizbul Mujahedin.
    (AFP, 7/14/05)
2005        Jul 14, In Iraq 2 US Marines were killed by roadside bomb near the Jordanian border.
    (AP, 7/15/05)
2005        Jul 14, In Iraq 2 suicide bombers struck near the Green Zone in central Baghdad, but a third was wounded and captured by US and Iraqi security forces, officials said. At least 9 people were wounded in the blasts. Gunmen killed five Iraqi employees of an American base in Baqouba. At least 9 policemen also were killed in separate attacks nationwide. 
    (AP, 7/14/05)
2005        Jul 14, In central Kenya Luigi Locati (b.1928), the bishop of Isiolo diocese, was shot to death in what appeared to be an attempted robbery. Five men shot and killed the Bishop after a row over cash donated to the Isiolo diocese. In 2014 Father Waqo Guyo was named as the mastermind of the plot. He and four others were sentenced to death on Nov 6, 2014.
    (AP, 7/15/05)(AFP, 11/6/14)
2005        Jul 14, In southern Thailand at least 60 insurgents plunged Yala city into darkness by destroying electrical transformers, then roamed the streets with fire-bombs, explosives and guns, targeting an area near a hotel, convenience stores, a restaurant and the railway station. Suspected Islamic separatists set off 5 bombs and exchanged gunfire with security personnel in an attack, killing a police officer and wounding 19 other people.
    (AP, 7/14/05)(AP, 7/17/05)

2006        Jul 14, A US federal appeals court reversed a ruling that struck down Nebraska's same-sex marriage ban, which was approved by voters in 2000.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, The US Court of International Law slapped an injunction on the United States government preventing it from handing over any more duties from Canadian softwood lumber imports to US industry competitors.
    (Reuters, 7/17/06)
2006        Jul 14, US Gen. Bantz Craddock, head of the US Southern Command, was announced as the next chief of NATO.
    (WSJ, 7/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 14, The Dow Jones fell 106 to 10,739 and Nasdaq closed down 16 to 2,037. Crude oil for August delivery closed at a record $77.03. Spurred by Mideast fighting, oil prices rose to an intraday record $78.40 a barrel.
    (SFC, 7/14/06, p.D1)(AP, 7/14/07)
2006        Jul 14, The Sawtooth Complex fire in southern California merged with the Millard fire creating a 69,000-acre blaze. Some 1,800 firefighters battled the fire which so far had destroyed 45 homes.
    (SFC, 7/15/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 14, Actress Carrie Nye died in New York at age 69.
    (AP, 7/14/07)
2006        Jul 14, A suicide bomber was the sole victim in a failed attack on an Afghan police convoy in the Gurbuz district of southeastern Khost province, bordering Pakistan. Skirmishes between coalition and Taliban militants raged throughout the southern Uruzgan province. An estimated 31 enemy extremists were killed during engagements in Chora, Kala Kala, and Khorma villages. Afghan and coalition soldiers also killed two male "foreigners" wearing burkas, the body-shrouding veil worn by women, and detained five Taliban in Uruzgan's Dihrawud district. The Afghan army killed eight rebels in Sangin.
    (AP, 7/14/06)(AFP, 7/15/06)
2006        Jul 14, The World Bank said it and Chad had resolved a dispute over oil revenues that will result in significant increases in government spending on projects that benefit the poor.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, In China Qiu Xinhua (47) killed the abbot of the Tiewadian temple in the northern city of Ankang, five staff members and four pilgrims. He reportedly believed the abbot had flirted with his wife. Xinhua was executed on Dec 28.
    (AP, 12/28/06)
2006        Jul 14, East Timor's President Xanana Gusmao swore in a new government as his tiny nation looked for a return to political order after several weeks of unrest.
    (AFP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, Militants forced open a border gate between Egypt and Gaza, wounding an Egyptian officer and letting hundreds of Palestinians who had been trapped on the Egyptian side of the border to get into Gaza.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, India's PM Singh said the Bombay train bombers were "supported by elements across the border" and that Pakistan must rein in terrorists before a peace process can move ahead.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, A bomb struck a Sunni mosque in Baghdad, killing seven people and wounding five, while mortars barraged a Shiite mosque north of the capital, leaving five wounded. At least 26 people were killed across Iraq, including 13 Iraqi soldiers in an attack on their checkpoint near the northern oil hub of Kirkuk.
    (AFP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, Israel tightened its seal on Lebanon, blasting its air and road links to the outside world and bringing its offensive to the capital for the first time to punish Hezbollah and with it, the country for the capture of 2 Israeli soldiers. Israel destroyed the home and office of Hezbollah's leader, Sheik Hassan Nasrallah. Lebanese guerrillas fired a barrage of at least 60 Katyusha rockets throughout the day, hitting more than a dozen communities across northern Israel. Israeli warplanes destroyed the building housing the headquarters of Hezbollah guerrillas in southern Beirut. Hezbollah guerrillas attacked an Israeli warship that had been firing missiles into southern Beirut. A senior Israeli intelligence official said Iranian troops helped Hezbollah fire a missile that damaged the warship off the Lebanese coast. He also said about 100 Iranian soldiers are in Lebanon and helped fire the Iranian-made, radar-guided C-802 at the ship that killed 4 sailors. Deaths in 3 days of fighting rose to 61 people in Lebanon and 10 in Israel.
    (AP, 7/14/06)(AP, 7/14/07)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.58)
2006        Jul 14, Japan’s central bank raised a key interest rate for the first time in six years, ending an unorthodox experiment meant to jump-start the country after a decade of economic doldrums. The rate increased from zero to .25%.
    (AP, 7/14/06)(Econ, 7/22/06, p.65)
2006        Jul 14, In Kazakhstan police under Mayor Imangali Tasmagambetov moved in to destroy the illegal Shanyrak settlement on the outskirts of Almaty. 30-40 people on each side were injured. A policeman died after being doused with petrol and set on fire.
    (Econ, 8/5/06, p.39)
2006        Jul 14, Kyrgyzstan and the US resolved a payment dispute that had threatened the future of the US military base near Bishkek.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, In Karachi, Pakistan, a suicide bomber killed a prominent Shiite Muslim cleric and two other people in an attack that was likely to heighten sectarian tensions. About 80% of Pakistan's 150 million people are Sunni; most of the rest are Shiite.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, Malaysia's government declassified documents on negotiations with Singapore over an aborted bridge in a bid to counter criticism from defiant ex-premier Mahathir Mohamad.
    (AFP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, Poland's Pres. Lech Kaczynski (57) swore in his identical twin brother, Jaroslaw, as prime minister, along with a socially conservative Cabinet made up largely of the same ministers who resigned in a shake-up days earlier.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, In St. Petersburg, Russia, authorities detained more than 200 anti-globalization activists hoping to protest the G-8 summit, as protest organizers vowed to hold a march despite a ban on demonstrations.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, In Serbia criminal charges were filed against 9 people accused of helping UN war crimes suspect Ratko Mladic evade justice. The 9 were indicted for "hiding and helping hide Mladic although they knew that he was charged" with war crimes.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, Somalia's nearly powerless interim government said it would boycott weekend peace talks with the Islamic militia that has seized control of nearly all the nation's south, accusing the group of civilian massacres and ties to foreign terrorists.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, Sri Lankan government troops clashed with Tamil Tiger rebels in the worst fighting since a cease-fire halted the civil war in 2002, leaving as many as 16 dead. The military said 13 soldiers were missing.
    (AP, 7/14/06)
2006        Jul 14, In Trinidad a high-court judge convened a special hearing that stayed an arrest order against Satnarine Sharma, the chief justice of Trinidad, who was charged with attempting to pervert the course of justice by helping former PM Basdeo Panday.
    (Econ, 7/22/06, p.40)

2007        Jul 14, The Los Angeles archdiocese agreed to a landmark $660 million clergy abuse settlement. Over 500 claimants will get an average payout in excess of $1.3 million.
    (AP, 7/15/07)(SSFC, 7/15/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 14, In Algeria about 50 members of the Al Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb attacked two police stations in Yaourene village in Tizi Ouzou province, about 100 km (60 miles) east of Algiers. The Algerian army halted the attack and killed 4 in the northeastern Kabylie region.
    (Reuters, 7/15/07)
2007        Jul 14, In London an Indian doctor arrested the same day his brother allegedly drove a Jeep Cherokee loaded with gas bombs into Glasgow's main airport was charged with a terrorism offense. A distant cousin in Australia was also charged in the failed attacks in London and Glasgow.
    (AP, 7/14/07)
2007        Jul 14, Egyptian police said authorities have arrested 35 men suspected of membership in an al-Qaida- inspired group that planned to carry out attacks in Egypt.
    (AP, 7/14/07)
2007        Jul 14, In southern France Pascal Payet (43), who was serving a 30-year sentence for a holdup on an armored truck that left a guard dead, escaped by helicopter from the Grasse prison. Payet had escaped from the Luynes prison in October 2001. In 2003, he helped organize the helicopter escape of three fellow inmates from the same prison. In September Payet was arrested along with 2 accomplices in Mataro, Spain.
    (AP, 7/17/07)(AP, 9/22/07)
2007        Jul 14, PM Nouri al-Maliki said that the Iraqi army and police are capable of keeping security in the country when American troops leave "any time they want," though he acknowledged the forces need further weapons and training. A car bomb in Baghdad leveled a two-story apartment building, and a suicide bomber plowed his explosives-packed vehicle into a line of cars at a gas station. The two attacks killed at least eight people. A group of 24 Iranians escaped from detention in an Iraqi police station in the southern town of Badra. Four were quickly recaptured, but the remainder may have fled across the nearby border.
    (AP, 7/14/07)(AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 14, Lebanon's political factions including the pro-Syrian opposition Hezbollah began two days of talks in France to try to ease the deadlock paralyzing the nation.
    (AP, 7/14/07)
2007        Jul 14, UN inspectors arrived in North Korea to monitor the communist country's long-anticipated promise to scale back its nuclear weapons program. North Korea said it had shut down its nuclear reactor at Yongbyon, hours after a ship cruised into port loaded with oil promised in return for the country's pledge to disarm.
    (SSFC, 7/15/07, p.A4)(AP, 7/14/08)
2007        Jul 14, Islamic militants launched a deadly suicide attack, detonated a roadside bomb and fired rockets as thousands of Pakistani troops deployed to the northwestern frontier to thwart the launch of a holy war. A suicide bomber struck in North Waziristan, his explosives-laden vehicle killing at least 26 soldiers and wounding 29 others in a military convoy.
    (AP, 7/14/07)(AP, 7/15/07)
2007        Jul 14, Palestinian PM Salam Fayyad resigned as head of an emergency government and was immediately appointed to lead an interim Cabinet.
    (AP, 7/14/07)
2007        Jul 14, Russia suspended its participation in a key European arms control treaty that governs deployment of troops on the continent. Under the moratorium, Russia will halt inspections and verifications of its military sites by NATO countries and will no longer limit the number of its conventional weapons. The treaty, between Russian and NATO members, was signed in 1990 and amended in 1999 to reflect changes since the breakup of the Soviet Union, adding the requirement that Moscow withdraw troops from the former Soviet republics of Moldova and Georgia. Russia has ratified the amended version, but the United States and other NATO members have refused to do so until Russia completely withdraws.
    (AP, 7/14/07)
2007        Jul 14, Sri Lankan troops used war planes and long-range weapons to attack suspected Tamil Tiger positions as fresh fighting broke out. The clash with Tamil Tiger rebels killed at least 10 Sri Lankan soldiers and left 34 wounded.
    (AP, 7/14/07)
2007        Jul 14, Sudan arrested 14 alleged plotters including retired army officers. The next day the interior ministry accused an opposition leader of heading a plot to overthrow the regime by creating armed chaos that would lead to international intervention.
    (AFP, 7/15/07)
2007        Jul 14, A miner (29) died in western Uganda from the deadly Marburg virus, first discovered in 1967.
    (Econ, 8/18/07, p.40)
2007        Jul 14, Alexandre Robert (15), a French-Swiss youth, was raped by 3 UAR nationals in Dubai. The case went to court in November. On Dec 12 a panel of judges sentenced two Emirati men to 15 years in prison each in connection with a kidnapping and sexual attack on the French-Swiss boy.
    (Reuters, 11/7/07)(AP, 12/12/07)

2008        Jul 14, Pres. Bush lifted the presidential moratorium on offshore drilling, however Congress has renewed its ban on drilling every year since 1981 and top Democrats said it will do so again this year.
    (SFC, 7/15/08, p.A1)
2008        Jul 14, David Remnick, editor of The New Yorker magazine, defended the newest satirical cover of the magazine by cartoonist Barry Blitt, which depicted Sen. Barack Obama in Muslim garb and his wife as an Afro-sporting gun packer.
    (SFC, 7/15/08, p.A10)
2008        Jul 14, Thousands of Univ. of California workers faced suspension and other disciplinary action for walking off their jobs despite a judge’s ruling barring them from doing so. The employees had been without a contract since January.
    (SFC, 7/15/08, p.B1)
2008        Jul 14, In Pennsylvania Luis Ramirez (25), an illegal Mexican migrant worker, died in Shenandoah after being beaten by white youths. 4 young men were charged and found responsible for the fight, but most of the federal charges against them were dropped. Local police were later accused of tampering with evidence and witnesses or lying to the FBI. In 2010 Derrick Donchak and Brandon Piekarsky were convicted for a federal hate crime. In 2011 former police chief Matthew Nestor was found guilty of falsifying his police report, a charge that carries up to 20 years in prison. Officer William Moyer was found guilty of lying to the FBI but was acquitted of four other counts. Officer Jason Hayes, who's engaged to the mother of one of Ramirez's attackers, was acquitted of both charges against him. In all, the jury convicted on two of nine counts.
    (AP, 12/16/09)(www.maldef.org/luis_ramirez_petition/)(SFC, 10/15/10, p.A6)(AP, 1/27/11)
2008        Jul 14, In eastern Afghanistan seven insurgents were killed in fighting in Wanat, Nuristan province, where 9 US soldiers were killed a day earlier. An "Arab terrorist" was captured during the operation.
    (AP, 7/15/08)
2008        Jul 14, Britain vowed to increase pressure on Zimbabwe's leaders by pushing for tougher EU sanctions and hunting down their assets around the world, after failing to secure bolstered UN action.
    (AF, 7/14/08)
2008        Jul 14, Three British Muslim men pleaded guilty to conspiring to cause explosions, part of a plan prosecutors say would have involved smuggling liquid bombs onto airliners with the intention of blowing them up mid-flight.
    (Reuters, 7/14/08)
2008        Jul 14, At Britain’s Farnborough International Airshow Etihad Airways, the national carrier of the United Arab Emirates, said it had agreed to buy 45 Boeing passenger jets worth 9.4 billion dollars (5.9 billion euros).
    (AFP, 7/14/08)
2008        Jul 14, A Chinese migrant worker at the Shuangqiao Garden Plaza in Wenshan county killed one person and stabbed nine others after discovering his savings of 2,600 yuan ($380) had been swapped for counterfeit notes while he visited a prostitute.
    (Reuters, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 14, An explosion at a mine in northern Hebei province killed 34 miners and a rescue worker. In November, 2009, officials at the mine were charge with moving dead bodies, destroying evidence and paying journalists 2.6 million yuan ($380,000) not to report the explosion. In 2010 a journalist was sentenced to 16 years in prison for taking bribes to help cover up the disaster, which took place just 3 weeks before the Beijing Olympics.
    (www.nytimes.com/2009/12/01/world/asia/01mine.html?_r=1)(AP, 1/6/10)
2008        Jul 14, Greek police said 9 British women faced prostitution charges after being arrested at the weekend for taking part in an oral sex competition in the Greek holiday island of Zakynthos. Six British and six Greek men, including two bar owners, were also charged in the incident, which took place at Laganas beach.
    (Reuters, 7/14/08)
2008        Jul 14, Police in the Adriatic city of Pescara arrested Otttaviano Del Turco, the governor of Italy's Abruzzo region, in a health care corruption investigation. Prosecutors said at least 35 people are being investigated.
    (AP, 7/14/08)(Econ, 7/19/08, p.60)
2008        Jul 14, Malaysian police locked down Parliament with roadblocks and massive security to prevent opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim and his supporters from attending a key debate.
    (AP, 7/14/08)
2008        Jul 14, In Mexico commander Gerardo Valdes, the head of kidnapping and organized crime investigations in the border state of Coahuila, was seized by at least six men when he was driving in Saltillo. An unidentified man called police and said that Valdes had been grabbed by the Juarez Cartel.
    (AP, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 14, In Peru a new law went into effect allowing couples who agree upon alimony, child custody and division of assets to seek divorce from a qualified notary or municipality.
    (AP, 7/15/08)
2008        Jul 14, Russia agreed to write off $242 million in Tajikistan debt and take control of the Okno mountaintop station, operational since 2004. It was designed to track satellites and even fragments of space debris.
    (AP, 7/15/08)
2008        Jul 14, South Korea said it will recall its ambassador from Japan over a rekindled debate about disputed islands between the countries, as the new Seoul government seeks to lift its sagging popularity at home with an appeal to nationalism.
    (AP, 7/14/08)
2008        Jul 14, Spain's biggest bank, Santander, said it had reached agreement to buy British lender Alliance and Leicester in an all-share deal worth 1.26 billion pounds (1.57 billion euros) as it continues its push into the British market.
    (AFP, 7/14/08)
2008        Jul 14, Spanish construction giant Martinsa-Fadesa announced in a filing with Spanish stock market regulators that it is seeking protection from creditors.
    (AP, 7/15/08)
2008        Jul 14, The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court filed genocide charges against Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, accusing him of masterminding attempts to wipe out African tribes in Darfur with a campaign of murder, rape and deportation. The filing marked the first time prosecutors at the world's first permanent, global war crimes court have issued charges against a sitting head of state.
    (AP, 7/14/08)
2008        Jul 14, In Turkey prosecutors indicted 86 secular Turks, including high-ranking ex-military officials, on terrorism charges for their alleged involvement in plots to topple the Islamic-rooted government. They were suspected of being part of Ergenekon, an ultra-nationalist gang bent on overthrowing the AKP government.
    (AP, 7/14/08)(Econ, 7/19/08, p.34)
2008        Jul 14, In Vietnam Dayana Mendoza, Miss Venezuela, was crowned Miss Universe 2008 in a contest marked by the spectacle of Miss USA falling down during the evening gown competition for the second year in a row.
    (AP, 7/14/08)

2009        Jul 14, President Barack Obama unveiled a $12 billion initiative to boost community colleges and propel the United States toward his goal of having the highest proportion of college graduates in the world by 2020.
    (AP, 7/14/09)
2009        Jul 14, Episcopalians meeting in Anaheim, NY, declared gays and lesbians eligible any ordained ministry.
    (SFC, 7/15/09, p.A6)
2009        Jul 14, Exxon Mobil said it would put $300 million into an effort to create a new generation of biofuels, and to add $300 if plans with Synthetic Genomics, a San Diego firm under Craig Venter, proved successful.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.78)
2009        Jul 14, In San Francisco Rev. Floyd Lotito (74), founder of St. Anthony’s Dining Room (1981) died after a long struggle with Parkinson’s disease. The St. Anthony free-meal program currently served nearly 2,600 meals per day.
    (SFC, 7/20/09, p.C5)
2009        Jul 14, The Int’l. Accounting Standards Board (IASB) proposed to put all financial assets into 2 buckets. Loans and securities would be in one and held at cost; all others would be in another and held at fair value.
    (Econ, 7/18/09, p.74) 
2009        Jul 14, In Afghanistan a NATO-contracted helicopter was shot down killing six Ukrainian crew members on board and an Afghan child on the ground in Helmand province. A roadside bomb killed one Italian soldier and wounded three others in western Afghanistan. Another roadside blast hit a civilian vehicle in Uruzgan province, killing three people and wounded six others. US coalition and Afghan forces searched compounds in Kandahar and found bomb-making materials, mortar rounds, AK-47 rifles, rocket-propelled grenades and 100 pounds (45 kilograms) of opium.
    (AP, 7/14/09)(SFC, 7/15/09, p.A2)(AP, 7/26/09)
2009        Jul 14, The European Parliament elected ex-Polish Prime Minister Jerzy Buzek as its president, making him the first leader from a former Soviet bloc country to hold one of the top European Union posts.
    (Reuters, 7/14/09)
2009        Jul 14, Iran’s official IRNA news agency reported that authorities in the southeastern city of Zahedan hanged 13 members of a Sunni Muslim rebel group convicted of bombings and killings in the area. The report said Abdulhamid Rigi, brother of Abdulmalik Rigi, leader of the group known as Jundallah or soldiers of God, had been scheduled to be hanged along with the 13 men, but his execution was postponed.
    (AP, 7/14/09)
2009        Jul 14, In Iraq one person was killed and 9 others were wounded when a bomb exploded near an Internet cafe late at night in south Baghdad. Two traffic policemen were killed in eastern Baghdad by 2 gunmen who refused to stop at a checkpoint near the fortified Green Zone.
    (AP, 7/15/09)
2009        Jul 14, Lithuania's Parliament approved a censorship bill that sharply curbs the spreading of public information that lawmakers say could harm the mental, physical, intellectual and moral development of youngsters. The bill comes into law on March 2010 at the latest.
    (www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,4487209,00.html?maca=en-rss-en-all-1573-rdf)
2009        Jul 14, In Nairobi, Kenya, authorities seized over 660 pounds of illegal ivory and black rhinoceros horn, some of it still bloody, on a Mozambique-to-Asia plane.
    (SFC, 7/15/09, p.A2)
2009        Jul 14, Nigeria's main militant group declared a 60-day truce, effective July 15, in its "oil war" with the government after the release of its leader Henry Okah under an amnesty deal.
    (AFP, 7/15/09)
2009        Jul 14, In Pakistan fighting overnight in the lawless tribal belt killed 23 Taliban militants. An attack in the Khyber region destroyed an oil tanker supplying NATO forces based across the border in Afghanistan and left 2 civilians dead. Troops killed 13 militants in the latest clashes in the Swat Valley, underscoring the region's fragile security even as refugees displaced by fighting return home.
    (AFP, 7/14/09)(AP, 7/15/09)
2009        Jul 14, In Russia 6 men emerged from three months of isolation in Soviet-era metal tubes after completing an experiment simulating a mission to Mars.
    (AP, 7/14/09)
2009        Jul 14, In Somalia two French officials working as security advisers to the Somali government were kidnapped in Mogadishu. Agent Marc Aubriere managed to escape on August 26. Secret-agent Alexx Denis remained captive.
    (Reuters, 7/14/09)(AP, 8/26/09)(SFC, 8/27/09, p.A2)(Econ, 8/13/11, p.45)
2009        Jul 14, South Korean police said hackers extracted files from computers they contaminated with the virus that triggered cyberattacks last week in the United States and South Korea, a sign that they tried to steal information from the victims. North Korea has supposedly trained an elite group of hackers at Mirim College, its military school.
    (AP, 7/14/09)(Econ, 7/11/09, p.62)
2009        Jul 14, In Tanzania Tharcisse Renzaho, the former prefect of Rwandan capital Kigali, was sentenced to life for genocide-related crimes by the UN-backed war crimes court trying masterminds of the country's 1994 massacre.
    (AFP, 7/14/09)
2009        Jul 14, Venezuela's oil minister Rafael Ramirez said workers at the state oil company must support President Hugo Chavez's endeavors or be suspected of conspiring against his socialist revolution.
    (AP, 7/14/09)
2009        Jul 14, Zimbabwe's constitution talks, violently disrupted by militant backers of President Robert Mugabe, resumed with calls for tolerance in work on a charter meant to pave the way to fresh polls.
    (AFP, 7/14/09)

2010        Jul 14, NYC unveiled its first electric car charging station.
    (SFC, 7/15/10, p.A6)
2010        Jul 14, After days of progress on the Gulf of Mexico oil leak, BP said that delays have temporarily stopped work beneath the water on both a stopgap solution and a permanent fix to the gusher.
    (AP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 14, In Afghanistan 4 American troops were killed by a roadside bomb in the south, while one more US service member died the same day of wounds from a gunbattle. 9 Afghan civilians died in the south when their vehicle hit a roadside bomb in the volatile district of Marjah in Helmand province. Another homemade bomb killed 2 security guards traveling on a road in eastern Paktika province. 2 suspected Taliban also died in Helmand's Lashkar Gar district when the roadside bomb they were trying to plant exploded prematurely. Gunmen kidnapped five Health Ministry employees in Kandahar province while insurgents.
    (AP, 7/14/10)(AP, 7/15/10)
2010        Jul 14, Jornal do Brazil said it will end its print editions in September after 119 years, but will continue with a paid online edition.
    (SFC, 7/15/10, p.A2)
2010        Jul 14, British Airways and Iberia won the EU's regulatory approval to merge and to team up with American Airlines to share more of their lucrative trans-Atlantic routes.
    (AP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 14, In Canada Violet (78) and Allen Large (75), who live in a modest home in Lower Turo, Nova Scotia, scooped the Lotto 649 jackpot winning $11.2 million. They proceeded to give most of the money away to charity.
    (www.msnbc.msn.com/id/40009180/ns/us_news-giving/)
2010        Jul 14, In Germany new statistics were released indicating the number of Germans with immigrant roots has reached more than 16 million, or nearly 20 percent of the population.
    (AP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 14, India's Foreign Minister S.M. Krishna arrived in Pakistan saying that he brought a message of "peace and friendship" but called on Islamabad to act decisively against terrorism.
    (AP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 14, An Air India plane carrying more than 200 passengers from New York became the first commercial flight to land at New Delhi's new Terminal 3, part of a $2.7-billion airport upgrade.
    (AFP, 7/14/10)(Econ, 7/10/10, p.72)
2010        Jul 14, In India at least 92 people were sickened, eight of them critically, when they inhaled chlorine that leaked from a cylinder in an industrial part of Mumbai.
    (AP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 14, Iran's Foreign Ministry said nuclear scientist Shahram Amiri was on a flight home, traveling through the Gulf nation of Qatar and was expected to arrive in Tehran on July 15. A US official confirmed that Amiri left the United States. The Washington Post said that Amiri had been working for the CIA for more than a year. It said he was paid $5 million out of a secret program aimed at inducing scientists and others with information on Iran's nuclear program to defect.
    (AP, 7/14/10)(AP, 7/15/10)
2010        Jul 14, Iraq's deputy justice minister said that US has handed over 55 former members of Saddam Hussein's inner circle, including the longtime int’l. face of the regime, Tariq Aziz. As of July 15, Iraqi security officials will control Camp Cropper, and the US will hand over roughly 1,600 Iraqi prisoners currently in American custody.
    (AP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 14, A ship sent by a Libyan charity to break Israel's naval blockade of the Gaza Strip changed course in the Mediterranean Sea and docked at an Egyptian port after agreeing to deliver its cargo of aid through Egyptian territory.
    (AP, 7/14/10)(AP, 7/15/10)
2010        Jul 14, In Mexico gunmen shot and killed Mario Medina, the nephew of Chihuahua state governor-elect Cesar Duarte, in a botched kidnapping attempt.
    (SFC, 7/16/10, p.A2)
2010        Jul 14, Northern Ireland police came under live fire during a third straight night of Belfast unrest. No officers were hit by gunfire, but police said several officers suffered minor injuries, adding to the 82 already wounded.
    (AP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 14, In the Philippines the first typhoon this year flooded parts of the capital, toppled power lines and killed at least 26 people, many of them trying to scramble to safety as the storm changed course. 38 people were missing. Typhoon Conson came ashore on the east coast of Luzon the previous night with winds of 75 miles per hour (120 km per hour).
    (AP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 14, In Rwanda Andre Kagwa Rwisereka, deputy president of the opposition Rwandan Democratic Green Party, was found nearly decapitated and dumped by a river. He was last seen a day earlier walking out of a bar in a southern district.
    (AFP, 7/14/10)
2010        Jul 14, In southern Yemen suspected Al-Qaeda gunmen launched simultaneous attacks on the intelligence and security services headquarters in the southern town of Zinjibar, killing three policemen and wounding 11.
    (AFP, 7/14/10)

2011        Jul 14, The US Pentagon said a cyber attack in March by a foreign government stole some 24,000 files from a defense industry computer network.
    (SFC, 7/15/11, p.A8)
2011        Jul 14, Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill making California the first state in the nation to add lessons about gays and lesbians to social studies classes in public schools.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, Minnesota Gov. mark Dayton and top Republican struck a deal to end a budget impasse with the Democratic governor giving up on raising taxes.
    (SFC, 7/15/11, p.A9)
2011        Jul 14, Nevada authorities said federal and Las Vegas police seized 212 pounds of drugs, $280,000 in cash, 6 guns and 9 vehicles after searching homes in Las Vegas and Henderson. 8 illegal immigrants from Mexico were arrested on drug trafficking charges.
    (SFC, 7/15/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 14, Bloomberg Philanthropies announced a $24 million initiative to fund “Innovation Delivery Teams" to help city mayors solve particular local problems.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.34)
2011        Jul 14, Afghan President Hamid Karzai ordered an investigation into provincial government claims that a NATO raid killed six civilians in Khost province. NATO said its troops killed insurgents linked to the Haqqani network during gunfights in the area and that only one civilian was wounded. A demonstration broke out after bodies of the dead were carried through Khost and the provincial council announced it was going on strike in protest over the deaths. A suicide bomber hiding explosives in his turban blew himself up inside a mosque during a memorial service for the slain half brother of President Karzai, killing at least 5 people. A French soldier was killed in a skirmish with insurgents in Kapisa province.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)(AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, In Argentina former Gen. Hector Gamen and Col. Hugo Pascarelli were convicted of murder, kidnapping and torture at El Vesubio, one of the most notorious prisons run by the former dictatorship (1976-1983). Both got life sentences for crimes against humanity.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, Bangladesh and India launched a census of "enclaves" -- areas where one country's territory is surrounded by the other -- in an effort to end complex border disputes.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, British police arrested Neil Wallis (60), another former News of the World executive, in connection with the phone hacking scandal at the tabloid. Wallis was deputy editor at the 168-year-old title from 2003 to 2007 under editor Andy Coulson.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, Britain's Department for International Development (DFID) announced it was suspending budgetary aid to Malawi over poor governance, as fast-deteriorating relations between the two countries reached a new low. The Malawi opposition quickly blamed President Bingu wa Mutharika's "sheer arrogance" for the decision.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, Burkina Faso's army chief of staff, Nabere Honore Traore, said the military has discharged 566 soldiers following a wave of mutinies that swept across the country earlier this year.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, Chad's former president Hissene Habre, in exile in Senegal, said in a published interview that he would be willing to appear before an international tribunal to answer charges of atrocities during his 1982-1990 rule.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, Chinese dissident artist Ai Weiwei said he had accepted a job at an art university in Germany, as he battles charges of massive tax evasion after nearly three months in police detention.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, China’s state-backed Catholic hierarchy held a 3-hour ceremony to consecrate a bishop in Shantou. 4 Rome-aligned bishops were reportedly abducted and pressed to take part in the ceremony.
    (Econ, 8/20/11, p.40)
2011        Jul 14, In France thousands of angry travelers were still stranded in airports and in Algiers as a strike by Air Algerie cabin crew, who want a 106% pay rise, went into its 4th day. Air Algerie staff ended their four-day strike after mediation by the office of PM Ahmed Ouyahia.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, German Chancellor Angela Merkel met the president of oil-and-gas rich Nigeria after her trip to Angola the previous day sparked controversy over an offer to sell patrol boats.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, In Indonesia Mount Lokon on Sulawesi island burst into life late at night and continued to spew ash and searing gas into the air well into the next morning, prompting more than 4,500 residents to head to safety.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, Israeli jets struck three targets in Gaza, moderately wounding four Palestinians.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 14, In Lebanon 7 Estonian tourists abducted nearly four months ago while cycling through Lebanon's eastern Bekaa Valley were released in good health. Harakat al-Nahda wal-Islah, or the Movement for Renewal and Reform, had claimed responsibility for the March 23 abduction and demanded an unspecified ransom. Two men suspected of involvement in the kidnapping were killed in a September 20 shootout with police.
    (AP, 7/14/11)(AP, 11/2/11)
2011        Jul 14, Libyan forces repelled a coordinated attack by NATO forces and rebels against the strategic oil town of Brega.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, The Canadian head of the NATO mission over Libya said Gaddafi has ordered his troops to blow up refineries and other facilities if they have to retreat. Russia’s special envoy to Libya told the Izvestia newspaper that Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi has a "suicidal plan" to blow up the capital Tripoli if it is taken by rebels.
    (Reuters, 7/14/11)(AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, Malian security services said they have arrested two men identified as supporters of Al-Qaeda's north African branch in the northwestern Timbuktu region.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, In Pakistan Malik Ishaq, an Islamist militant accused in dozens of killings and a 2009 attack on Sri Lanka's cricket team, was freed on bail after 14 years in custody because the Supreme Court decided there was not enough evidence to keep holding him.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, South Sudan became the newest and 193rd member of the United Nations, as it was welcomed into the world's top club amid pledges to help one of the planet's poorest states take its first steps.
    (AFP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, The Satellite Sentinel Project released images showing what appear to be freshly dug sites in Southern Kordofan state, where Sudan's Arab military has been targeting a black ethnic minority loyal to the military of the newly independent Republic of South Sudan. The group said that an eyewitness reported seeing 100 bodies or more put into one of the pits on June 8.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, The Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, finalized in May in Qatar, was signed by the Sudanese government and the Liberation and Justice Movement, one of a myriad of rebel groups.
    (Econ, 4/6/13, p.57)(http://tinyurl.com/bg6u952)
2011        Jul 14, Switzerland suspended imports of some seeds, beans and sprouts from Egypt, after the EU blamed Egyptian fenugreek seeds for E.coli outbreaks in Germany and France. The temporary ban would expire in October 31, 2011, in line with the EU's suspension.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, In Syria a 45-year-old man was shot dead in Deir el-Zour province, near the border with Iraq, when security forces fired at protesters.
    (AP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, An umbrella group that includes Turkey's Kurdish party proclaimed Kurdish autonomy in Diyarbakir, hours after a clash left 13 soldiers and seven Kurdish guerrillas dead.
    (AP, 7/15/11)
2011        Jul 14, Human Rights Watch said prisoners in Uganda are subjected to hard labor under conditions resembling slavery and face routine abuse and exploitation by officials.
    (AFP, 7/14/11)
2011        Jul 14, In southern Yemen a US warplane attacked a police station overrun by Islamic militants, killing three of the fighters. Fighting broke out at night between the Guards, loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh, and tribesmen, allied with demonstrators in Taez. 2 people were killed and at least 22 others wounded.
    (AP, 7/14/11)(AFP, 7/15/11)

2012        Jul 14, In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up in a wedding hall. 23 people were killed including Ahmad Khan Samangani, a prominent warlord-turned-politician who was greeting wedding guests, and three security officials in Aybak, the capital of Samangan province. 2 NATO service members were killed in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/14/12)(AFP, 7/15/12)(AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 14, In western Australia a surfer was bitten in half in a savage shark attack near Wedge Island, north of Perth, the fifth such fatality in the region in less than a year.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, It was announced that former British PM Gordon Brown is to become a special global education envoy to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, In northern Egypt some 23,000 textile workers went on strike in Mahalla al-Kobra, demanding higher wages.
    (AP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Egypt an 11-storey building in the poor Alexandria neighborhood of al-Gomrouk collapsed onto three adjacent buildings, reducing much of the structures to rubble. 19 people were reported killed.
    (AP, 7/15/12)(AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 14, India's struggling Kingfisher Airlines cancelled more than three dozen flights when frustrated pilots and other workers walked off the job to protest about long-overdue pay.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, In northern Iraq gunmen killed five soldiers and policemen when they attacked a checkpoint in the Turkmen town of Rashidiyah.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Israel Moshe Silman (58) set himself ablaze at a social justice demonstration in the city of Tel Aviv. Silman blamed PM Netanyahu and the Israeli establishment for "stealing" from him, saying they had "left him with nothing." Silman died of his burns on July 20. 
    (AFP, 7/15/12)(AP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 14, An Italian Alpine rescue team military official said the bodies of a Polish woman and Spanish man were found 4,400 meters (14,436 feet) up on the Mont Blanc Dome du Gouter peak on the Italian-French border after spending more than 24 hours in a snow hole.
    (AP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 14, In southwest Japan about 400,000 people were ordered or advised to leave their homes in as heavy rain pounded the area for a third day at least 26 people dead.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)(AP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Malaysia conjoined 15-month-old twins attached at the pelvis and sharing three legs were successfully separated at a hospital in a complex 24-hour operation.
    (AFP, 7/28/12)
2012        Jul 14, In northern Mali members of the radical Islamic sect Ansar Dine were going from door to door in Goundam town in a bid to arrest the leaders of a protest against them.
    (AP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Myanmar General Electric became the first American company to invest in the former pariah state, signing deals to provide medical equipment to a pair of hospitals in the country's biggest city.
    (AP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, Some 5,000 Pakistani Islamists, who oppose the anti-terrorism alliance with Washington, began a march to the border in protest over the reopening of NATO supply routes into Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 14, Pakistani police arrested a man accused of burying his newborn daughter alive because she was born deformed with large head and "abnormal" features. The child was born July 12 at a hospital in the town of Kacha Khoh, eastern Punjab province.
    (AP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Puerto Rico Carmen Paredes (46) was killed at home. She was shot multiple times, including once in the forehead. On Jan 22, 2014, her husband Pablo Casellas, the son of a US district court judge, was found guilty on charges including murder, weapons offenses and destroying evidence.
    (AP, 2/6/14)(http://tinyurl.com/kkwosyf)
2012        Jul 14, Rwanda refused to take custody of 24 rebels who surrendered last May to UN peacekeepers in DR Congo, which accuses Kigali of backing an army mutiny in its restive east.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)
2012        Jul 14, Sri Lankan authorities arrested another 131 would-be asylum seekers heading to Australia and seized a fishing trawler used for the people-smuggling operation. The number of Sri Lankans detained on charges of illegally trying to leave the country has reached more than 250 over the last week.
    (AFP, 7/15/12)
2012        Jul 14, In Syria hundreds of soldiers backed by helicopter gunships attacked Khirbet Ghazaleh in the province of Daraa. A pregnant woman was among 115 people killed across the country. A suicide bomber blew up his car in the central town of Muhrada killing three civilians and one security officer.
    (AFP, 7/14/12)(AP, 7/14/12)(AFP, 7/15/12)

2013        Jul 14, In Afghanistan NATO forces carried out a "precision strike" in Paktia province overnight, killing 5 militants. Afghan suspect Lamber Khan, the army soldier who opened fire July 9 on Slovakian NATO troops, escaped this morning with the help of at least one other Afghan soldier.
    (AP, 7/14/13)(AP, 7/15/13)
2013        Jul 14, In Bahrain a homemade bomb exploded in Janabiyah, a mostly Shiite area northwest Manama, injuring four policemen.
    (AP, 7/14/13)
2013        Jul 14, In eastern CongoDRC fresh fighting erupted after more than 100 armed men disguised in women's clothing entered the country from Rwanda.
    (AP, 7/15/13)
2013        Jul 14, In Egypt Mohamed ElBaradei (71), a leading reform advocate, took office as Egypt's interim vice president, reinforcing the role in the new leadership of liberals who are strongly opposed to the deposed president's Muslim Brotherhood.
    (AP, 7/14/13)
2013        Jul 14, In eastern Indonesia 17 people were killed in a stadium stampede after spectators rioted just before midnight to protest a local boxer's loss in a championship match at the Kota Lama Sport Stadium.
    (AP, 7/15/13)
2013        Jul 14, Iran’s new Pres. Hasan Rowhani put the country’s inflation rate at 42%, 8% above official figures.
    (Econ, 8/3/13, p.43)
2013        Jul 14, In Iraq a wave of coordinated blasts that tore through overwhelmingly Shiite cities shortly before the breaking of the Ramadan fast and other attacks killed at least 38.
    (AP, 7/14/13)
2013        Jul 14, Pakistan Air Force jets pounded several militant hideouts between Orakzai and Khyber overnight killing 7 insurgents.
    (Reuters, 7/14/13)
2013        Jul 14, Taliban commanders in Pakistan said they have decided to join the anti-Assad rebellion, saying hundreds of fighters had gone to Syria to fight alongside their "Mujahedeen friends."
    (Reuters, 7/14/13)
2013        Jul 14, In Spain a bull gored an Australian woman (23) and left her seriously injured during the final run of this year's annual San Fermin festival. 4 other runners were hospitalized with cuts and bruises.
    (AP, 7/14/13)
2013        Jul 14, Toby Lanzer, the UN humanitarian coordinator in South Sudan, said some 200 civilians have been wounded in ongoing clashes between rival tribes in Jonglei state. He urged the central government and local officials to stop "the cycle of violence" that has killed many people and displaced thousands.
    (AP, 7/15/13)
2013        Jul 14, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir arrived in Nigeria for an African Union summit on HIV/AIDS as his hosts chose to ignore an International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrant against him.
    (AP, 7/15/13)
2013        Jul 14, Uganda Red Cross said more than 60,000 Congolese have fled to Uganda after a rebel attack on a town near the border in a continuing influx that is stretching humanitarian capacities.
    (AP, 7/14/13)
2013        Jul 14, Zimbabwe police officers and soldiers, who will be on duty during the July 31 election, began voting, the eve of a court hearing to stop the process because PM Morgan Tsvangirai's MDC party says police numbers were inflated.
    (Reuters, 7/14/13)

2014        Jul 14, MakerBot, now owned by Stratasys Inc., and Home Depot announced a new partnership to bring 3D printing capabilities to the masses. The MakerBot Replicator Mini was priced at $1,375.
    (http://tinyurl.com/q3atfda)(SFC, 7/16/14, p.C1)
2014        Jul 14, The Space X company launched a Falcon rocket from Cape Canaveral packed with communication satellites.
    (SFC, 7/15/14, p.A6)
2014        Jul 14, British PM David Cameron announced an investment of £1.1 billion (1.38 billion euros, $1.88 billion) into the armed forces, the bulk of it on intelligence and surveillance equipment.
    (AFP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, The British government faced a call to impose legal caps on executive salaries after a study found top pay in Britain has reached 180 times average wages.
    (AFP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, The Church of England voted overwhelmingly in favor of allowing women to become bishops.
    (SFC, 7/15/14, p.A3)
2014        Jul 14, In Cambodia 2 generals who led the helicopter unit of the air force were killed in a crash, along with two pilots. Defense Minister Tea Banh, who rushed to the crash site in a muddy pond south of the capital, said a fifth person on the chopper was seriously injured.
    (AP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, Chinese state media reported that authorities have indicted British and American investigators hired by GlaxoSmithKline on charges of illegally obtaining and selling private information, as the Briton blamed the pharmaceutical company for misleading and using him.
    (AP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, China’s state media reported that teachers are now banned from receiving gifts from students and their parents to curb the buying of favors, often in exchange for giving students special treatment.
    (Reuters, 7/15/14)
2014        Jul 14, Chinese state media reported that police have uncovered a series of illegal World Cup betting cases involving almost $3 billion, as authorities struggled to control the country's growing gambling problem.
    (AFP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, In southwest China part of a railway tunnel collapsed, trapping an estimated 14 workers in Yunnan province's Funing county.
    (AP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, In Egypt a Cairo appeals court ruled that leaders of the former ruling party of ousted Pres. Mubarek will not be barred from running for elections.
    (SFC, 7/15/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 14, In France soldiers carrying the flags of 76 countries marched down the Champs-Elysees in Paris, as the traditional Bastille Day military parade commemorated the centenary of World War I.
    (AP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, An overloaded fishing boat carrying some 70 illegal Indonesian migrants capsized off southern Malaysia, killing at least 2 people with 9 left missing.
    (AFP, 7/15/14)
2014        Jul 14, In Iraq two car bombs in commercial areas of Baghdad killed at least 7 people, as government forces and allied Sunni tribal fighters tried to dislodge militants from Duluiyah, 45 miles north of Baghdad. Authorities discovered 12 bloated bodies with gunshot wounds to the head near the village of Nofal.
    (AP, 7/14/14)(SFC, 7/15/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 14, The Israeli military said it downed a drone launched by Gaza militants, the first time it encountered an unmanned aircraft since the start of its offensive last week. New Israeli airstrikes pushed the death toll from Israeli airstrikes to at least 175. Fighting continued as two Israeli airstrikes struck the southern Gaza city of Khan Younis, killing 4 Palestinians. A 21-year-old Palestinian was killed during confrontations with Israeli soldiers in the West Bank village of Samoa.
    (AP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, Israel agreed to an Egyptian truce plan, proposed late today. Under it, a 12-hour period of de-escalation was to begin at mid-morning July 15. Once both sides agree to halt hostilities, they would negotiate the terms of a longer-term truce.
    (AP, 7/15/14)
2014        Jul 14, Rockets were fired at Israel from southern Lebanon, drawing retaliatory artillery fire from Israeli forces.
    (Reuters, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, Hundreds of Kurdish fighters entered Kobane, northern Syria, to help battle jihadists besieging the Kurdish city of Ain al-Arab.
    (AFP, 7/15/14)
2014        Jul 14, In northern Mali a French soldier died from wounds in a suicide bombing.
    (Reuters, 7/15/14)
2014        Jul 14, Nepal's former crown price Paras Shah, notorious for his flamboyant lifestyle, was released on bail for marijuana possession in Thailand. In 2012 he was arrested for marijuana possession on the resort island of Phuket in southern Thailand.
    (AP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 14, In northeastern Nigeria at least 26 people were killed when suspected Islamist Boko Haram militants stormed Dille village, Borno state, and a government warplane opened fire to repel the attackers. Cannon fire from the government jet killed at least 6 civilians, 4 women and 2 children.
    (Reuters, 7/15/14)
2014        Jul 14, Pakistani government forces moved in the town of Mir Ali, North Waziristan, triggering a gunbattle in which 3 soldiers and 7 militants were killed.
    (AP, 7/15/14)
2014        Jul 14, Russia’s foreign ministry said it has invited monitors from the OSCE European security and rights body to two of its border crossings with Ukraine as a sign of goodwill. A NATO military officer said Russia has been building up its forces again along the Ukrainian border and now has an estimated 10,000-12,000 troops in the area.
    (Reuters, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, In Syria the Al Qaeda offshoot Islamic State expelled rival rebels from the eastern city of Deir al-Zor, tightening its grip on the oil-producing province abutting territory it also controls in Iraq. Heavy clashes broke out between Syrian rebels and Hezbollah fighters near the Syria-Lebanon border.
    (Reuters, 7/14/14)(AP, 7/14/14)
2014        Jul 14, Ukraine's Defense Minister said a military transport plane has been shot down along the country's eastern border with Russia. All eight aboard the plane managed to bail out safely. Kiev later said it has found four survivors, that two others are being held by rebels, and that it does not know the fate of the remaining two. President Petro Poroshenko accused Russian military staff officers of fighting alongside separatists in the east of the country and said a newly-developed Russian missile system was being used against government forces.
    (AP, 7/14/14)(Reuters, 7/14/14)(SFC, 7/15/14, p.A3)(Reuters, 7/65/14)

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