Today in History - July 16

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276        Jul 16, Marcus Annius Florianus, emperor of Rome (276), was murdered.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

390        Jul 16, Brennus and Gauls defeated the Romans at Allia.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

622        Jul 16, Islamic Era began. Mahomet began his flight from Mecca to Medina (Hegira).
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1099        Jul 16, Crusaders herded the Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue and set it afire.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1212        Jul 16, Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa marked the end of Muslim power in Spain.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1429        Jul 16, Joan of Arc led French army in the Battle of Orleans. [see May 9]
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1439        Jul 16, Kissing was banned in England in order to stop germs from spreading.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1519        Jul 16, There was a public debate between Martin Luther and theologian John Eck.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1548        Jul 16, La Paz, Bolivia, was founded.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

 1557        Jul 16, Anne of Cleves (41), queen of England and 4th wife of Henry VIII, died.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1723        Jul 16, Sir Joshua Reynolds, British portrait painter and first president of the royal Academy of Arts, was born.
    (HN, 7/16/98)

1728        Jul 16, Henri Moreau, composer, was born.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1764        Jul 16, Ivan VI (23), Emperor of Russia (1740-41), was murdered.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1765        Jul 16, Prime Minister of England Lord Greenville resigned and was replaced by Lord Rockingham.
    (HN, 7/16/98)

1769        Jul 16, Father Junipero Serra founded Mission San Diego de Alcala, the 1st mission in Calif. The Franciscan friars soon planted cuttings of olive trees. California’s first olive press was established in Ventura County in 1871. Serra went on to build nine missions along the coast and to take over tribal lands.
    (http://missions.bgmm.com/sdiego.htm)(SSFC, 8/27/06, p.F2)(SFC, 1/23/15, p.A12)

1774        Jul 16, Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed the treaty of Kuchuk-Kainardji, ending their six-year war.
    (HN, 7/16/98)

1775        Jul 16, John Adams graduated from Harvard.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1779        Jul 16, American troops under General Anthony Wayne, aka Mad Anthony Wayne, captured Stony Point, NY, with a loss to the British of more than 600 killed or captured.
    (HN, 7/16/98)(http://hhr.highlands.com/stpt.htm)

1782        Jul 16, Mozart's opera "Das Entfuehrung aus dem Serail" premiered in Vienna.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1790        Jul 16, The District of Columbia was established as the seat of the United States government.
    (AP, 7/16/97)

1791        Jul 16, Louis XVI was suspended from office until he agreed to ratify the constitution.
    (HN, 7/16/98)

1796        Jul 16, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (d.1875), French painter, was born. His work included "Madame Corot" (1833-1835) and "Interrupted Reading" (1870-1873). He led the way toward new forms of perspective and composition that was later mined by impressionism and photography.
    (SFC, 6/4/96, p.E5)(WSJ, 10/25/96, p.A15)(WSJ, 3/25/97, p.A16)(MC, 7/16/02)

1798        Jul 16, The Marine Hospital Service was established in the Department of the Treasury under provisions of an act (1 Stat. 605) authorizing marine hospitals for the care of American merchant seamen. In 1902 it was redesignated the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service by an act of July 1, 1902 (32 Stat. 712),
    (www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/090.html)

1809        Jul 16, A well-prepared revolutionary insurrection burst out in La Paz, Bolivia.
    (http://flagspot.net/flags/bo-l.html)

1821        Jul 16, Mary Baker Eddy (d.1910), founder of the Christian Science movement (1879), was born.
    (HN, 7/16/98)(WSJ, 9/26/03, p.W17)

1825        Jul 16, Alexander Gordon Laing (32), British Army Major, set off on camel from Tripoli in an attempt to become the 1st European to cross the Sahara Desert and reach the fabled city of Timbuktu (Mali).
    (SSFC, 1/1/06, p.M2)(ON, 11/06, p.5)

1827        Jul 16, Josiah Spode, potter, died.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1858        Jul 16, Eugene Ysaye, violinist, conductor, composer (Pierill Houou), was born in Belgium.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1862        Jul 16, Ida Bell Wells, first president of the American Negro League, was born.
    (HN, 7/16/98)
1862        Jul 16, David G. Farragut became the first rear admiral in the U.S. Navy.
    (AP, 7/16/97)
1862        Jul 16, Two Union soldiers and their servant ransacked a house and raped a slave in Sperryville, Virginia.
    (HN, 7/16/99)

1867        Jul 16, D.R. Averill patented a ready-mixed paint.
    (MC, 7/16/02)
1867        Jul 16, Joseph Monier patented reinforced concrete.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1872        Jul 16, Roald Amundsen (d.1928), Norwegian explorer, discoverer of the South Pole, was born.
    (Ind, 4/27/02, 5A)(MC, 7/16/02)

1875        Jul 16, The new French constitution is finalized.
    (HN, 7/16/98)

1882        Jul 16, Mary Todd Lincoln, the widow of Abraham Lincoln, died of a stroke.
    (HN, 7/16/98)

1887        Jul 16, "Shoeless" Joe Jackson, black sox player (Say it ain’t so, Joe), was born.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1894        Jul 16, Many negro miners in Alabama were killed by striking white miners.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1896        Jul 16, Trygve Lie, first secretary-general of the United Nations (1946-52), was born in Norway.
    (HN, 7/16/98)(MC, 7/16/02)
1896        Jul 16, William Hamilton Gibson, illustrator, author, novelist, died.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1907        Jul 16, Orville Redenbacher (d.1995), agronomist and popcorn entrepreneur, was born in Brazil, Indiana. "Do one thing and do it better than anyone."
    (AH, 10/01, p.36)(AP, 7/16/07)
1907        Jul 16, Barbara Stanwyck (d.1990), Oscar winning actress, was born in New York as Ruby Stevens.
    (HN, 7/16/98)(AP, 7/16/07)
1907        Jul 16, The SF supervisors, under pressure from graft prosecutors, named Edward Robeson Taylor (67), a doctor and lawyer, as mayor. He quickly replaced 16 of 18 supervisors, forced the police chief to quit and replaced many city officials with honest and competent men.
    (SFC, 11/6/07, p.B5)

1911        Jul 16, Ginger Rogers (d.1995), actress and dancer, was born as Virginia Katherine McMath.
    (HN, 7/16/01)(MC, 7/16/02)

1912        Jul 16, A Naval torpedo, launched from an airplane, was patented by B.A. Fiske.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1914        Jul 16, A Socialist conference in Brussels was attended by Kautsky, Trotsky & Rosa Luxemburg.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1915        Jul 16, Barnard Hughes, actor (Tron, Where's Poppa, Best Friends), was born in Bedford Hills, NY.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1917        Jul 16, Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka (70), German composer (Album Polonaise), died.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1920        Jul 16, Gen. Amos Fries was appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1926        Jul 16, National Geographic took the 1st natural-color undersea photos.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1927        Jul 16, Augusto Sandino began a 5-year war against the US occupation of Nicaragua.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1928        Jul 16, Anita Brookner, writer (Hotel du Lac), was born.
    (HN, 7/16/01)

1929        Jul 16, Col. Charles Lindbergh was severely angered when he realized a sound-camera man had recorded a private conversation using a concealed microphone. The “voice that has never been filmed" left San Francisco’s Mills Field airport on the cameraman’s reel.
    (SFC, 7/16/04, p.F4)

1934        Jul 16, The nation’s 1st general strike was called in San Francisco in response to violence and disregard of worker’s rights in the waterfront strike. Some 140,000 workers walked off their jobs. It collapsed after 4 days. Seven men were killed and thousands were injured. The general strike ended after 4 days and went into arbitration. In the fall arbitrators gave the union a hiring hall, a 6-hour day and a small wage increase. [see May 9, Jul 5]
    (SFEC, 12/15/96, BR p.5)(SFEC, 5/2/99, Z1 p.4)(SFC, 9/27/02, p.D11)(PCh, 1992, p.826)

1935        Jul 16, The first parking meters were installed, in Oklahoma City. Carlton Magee's automatic meter, the "Park-O-Meter" was installed by the Dual Parking Meter Company in Oklahoma City. The parking meters were divided by 20-foot spaces painted on the pavement and accepted nickels.
    (AP, 7/16/97)(HNQ, 8/4/02)

1936        Jul 16, 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation was made in Rochester, NY.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1940        Jul 16, Adolf Hitler ordered the preparations to begin on the invasion of England, Operation Sea Lion.
    (HN, 7/16/98)

1941        Jul 16, Dag Solstad, Norwegian novelist and playwright, was born.
    (HN, 7/16/01)

1942        Jul 16, Jews were transported from Holland to an extermination camp.
    (MC, 7/16/02)
1942        Jul 16, The first large-scale roundups of Jews began under protests by only a half-dozen Catholic church leaders. French police rounded up some 13,000 Jews over 2 days in Paris, many of whom were first holed up in harsh conditions at Paris' Vel d'Hiv, or the Winter Velodrome stadium.
    (SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A22)(Econ, 7/24/04, p.49)(AP, 7/22/12)

1944        Jul 16, Soviet troops occupy Vilna, Lithuania, in their drive towards Germany.
    (HN, 7/16/98)

1945        Jul 16, The first US test explosion of the atomic bomb was made at Alamogordo Air Base, south of Albuquerque, New Mexico, equal to some twenty thousand tons of TNT. The bomb was called the Gadget and the experiment was called Trinity from a poem by John Donne (Batter my heart, three-person’d God), and it was conducted in a part of the desert called Jornada del Muerto, (Dead Man’s Trail), and measured the equivalent of 18,600 (21,000) tons of TNT. It was the culmination of 28 months of intense scientific research conducted under the leadership of physicist Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer under the code name Manhattan Project. The successful atomic test was witnessed by only one journalist, William L. Laurence of the New York Times, who described seeing the blinding explosion: "One felt as though he had been privileged to...be present at the moment of the Creation when the Lord said: Let There be Light." Oppenheimer’s own thoughts from the Hindu Bhagavad-Gita were very different: "I am become death, the shatterer of worlds." The event is described in Richard Thode’s "The Making of the Atomic Bomb."  In 2005 Diane Preston authored “Before the Fallout: From Marie Curie to Hiroshima."
    (NOHY, 3/1990, p.212-213)(HNPD, 7/16/98)(SFC, 12/31/98, p.D4)(SFEC, 12/19/99, Par p.15)(SSFC, 7/10/05, p.E3)
1945        Jul 16, The US cruiser Indianapolis left SF with an atom bomb to be assembled at Tinian Island in the western Pacific.
    (SSFC, 7/31/05, p.B1)

1946        Jul 16, US court martial in Dachau condemned 46 SS to hang for the Malmedy massacre of disarmed GIs.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1947        Jul 16, Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat jailed by the Soviets who believed that he was an American spy, reportedly died at the Lubyanka prison in Moscow of an alleged heart attack. He had saved more than 20,000 Hungarian Jews from Nazi death camps. A 2001 Swedish report failed to confirm his death. In 2010 Russian Security Services archives said a man identified as Prisoner No. 7, who was interrogated 6 days after the diplomat’s reported execution on July 17, was likely Wallenberg.
    (SFC, 5/5/96, p.A-7)(SFC, 12/23/00, p.A12)(SFC, 1/13/01, p.A14)(WSJ, 2/28/09, p.A7)(SFC, 4/2/10, p.A4)

1948        Jul 16, Ruben Blades, songwriter and actor, was born.
    (HN, 7/16/01)
1948        Jul 16, Pinchas Zukerman, violinist and conductor, was born in Tel Aviv Israel.
    (HN, 7/16/01)(MC, 7/16/02)

1950         Jul 16, Brazil, host for soccer’s World Cup, lost the final game to Uruguay 2-1. Uruguay’s goals came in 13 minutes late in the second half. Alcides Ghiggia (1926-2015) scored the winning goal.
    (Econ, 7/12/14, p.33)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1950_FIFA_World_Cup)
   
1951        Jul 16, "The Catcher in the Rye," a coming-of-age novel by J.D. Salinger (1919-2010), was first published. Holden Caulfield, the main character, became recognized as the quintessential American teenager.
    (SFC, 1/17/97, p.D7)(AP, 7/16/98)(WSJ, 12/15/07, p.W10)(SFC, 1/29/10, p.A1)

1952        Jul 16, Stewart Copeland, drummer (Police: Fall Out, Every Breath You Take, LP: The Equalizer & Other Cliffhangers), was born.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1953        Jul 16, Joseph Hilaire Pierre Belloc (82), author (Path to Rome), died.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1957        Jul 16, Marine Maj. John Glenn set a transcontinental speed record when he flew a jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds.
    (AP, 7/16/97)

1958        Jul 16, Michael Flatley, Irish choreographer (Lord of Dance), was born in Chicago, Ill.
    (MC, 7/16/02)
1958        Jul 16, The science-fiction film "The Fly" opened in San Francisco.
    (AP, 7/16/08)

1960        Jul 16, Albrecht von Kesselring (74), German field marshal (Italy), died.
    (MC, 7/16/02)
1960        Jul 16, The 1st UN troops reached Congo to replace Belgian troops.
    (www.un.org/Depts/DPKO/Missions/onucB.htm)

1964        Jul 16, In accepting the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco (Cow Palace – Daly City), Sen. Barry M. Goldwater of Arizona said "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice" and that "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue."
    (AP, 7/16/97)(SSFC, 7/13/14, DB p.38)

1965        Jul 16, Mount Blanc Road tunnel between France & Italy opened.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1966        Jul 16, "Half a Sixpence" closed at Broadhurst Theater in NYC after 512 performances.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1967        Jul 16, A prison brawl ignited barracks, killing 37 in Jay, Florida.
    (MC, 7/16/02)

1969        Jul 16, Apollo XI set out from Cape Canaveral (Cape Kennedy), Florida, with Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, and Michael Collins on the first manned mission to the surface of the moon.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.182, 341)(AP, 7/16/97)
1969        Jul 16, Vu Ngoc Nha (d.2002), top aide to presidents Ngo Dinh Diem and Nguyen Van Thieu, was arrested in Saigon. The CIA uncovered him as the head of a Communist espionage ring. He and 2 others were convicted of treason and sentenced to life in prison.
    (SFC, 8/13/02, p.A20)

1973        Jul 16, In testimony before the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities (the Ervin Committee), former presidential assistant Alexander Butterfield disclosed to lawyer Donald Sanders (d.1999 at 69) that President Richard Nixon had tape recorded all of his conversations in the White House and Executive Office Building. Butterfield's revelations led to Nixon's assertion of executive privilege and his refusal to release the tapes to the Ervin Committee on July 17 or to special prosecutor Archibald Cox on July 23. Judge John Sirica ordered Nixon to turn over the tapes on August 29, an order subsequently upheld by U.S. Court of Appeals on October 12. When a Nixon "compromise" of release of written summaries of the tapes was turned down by Cox, Nixon ordered Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and deputy attorney general William Ruckelshaus to fire Cox. Both refused and resigned. Solicitor General Robert Bork complied with Nixon's order on Saturday, October 20, resulting in the so-called "Saturday Night Massacre."
    (AP, 7/16/97)(HNQ, 10/15/98)(SFC, 9/28/99, p.A26)

1976        Jul 16, In the "Spaggiari Affair," a heist masterminded by Albert Spaggiari (1932-1989), a gang tunneled into the vault of a branch of Societe Generale in Nice during a public holiday, spent two days and two nights there and made off with about 24 million euros (21 million pounds) worth of cash and valuables. The heist spawned several books and movies.
    (AP, 4/4/10)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Spaggiari)

1979        Jul 16, Saddam Hussein succeeded Premier al-Bakr and became president of Iraq and chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC). He established a multilayered security system with 3-5 secret police units. He later put his son Qusai in charge of his 10,000 member Special Guards.
    (AP, 7/16/97)(SFC, 2/21/98, p.A10)(SFC, 2/24/98, p.A9)
1979        Jul 16, Nguyen Chi Thien (d.2012), Vietnamese poet, managed to pass 400 of his poems to the British ambassador in Hanoi before being arrested. They were later published as “Flowers of Hell" and won for him the Int’l. Poetry Award in 1985.
    (Economist, 10/13/12, p.114)

1980        Jul 16, Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Detroit.
    (AP, 7/16/97)(SFEM,11/2/97, p.12)
1980        Jul 16, Juan Antonio Samaranch (b.1920) of Spain was elected president of the Int’l. Olympic Committee (IOC). His reign lasted 21 years.
    (www.olympic.org/uk/organisation/ioc/presidents/samaranch_uk.asp)

1981        Jul 16, Singer Harry Chapin (38) was killed when his car was struck by a tractor-trailer on New York’s Long Island Expressway.
    (AP, 7/16/01)

1982        Jul 16, George Shultz (b.1920) was sworn in as the US Sec. of State under Ronald Reagan. He served until Jan 20, 1989.
    (SFEM,11/2/97, p.8)(www.state.gov/secretary/former/40807.htm)
1982        Jul 16, In NYC the Rev. Sun Myung Moon, Korean founder of the Unification Church, was sentenced to 18 months for tax fraud.
    (www.cedmagic.com/home/ced-digest/ced-digest-vol-07/ced-digest0728.html)

1987        Jul 16, Former White House political director Lyn Nofziger was charged with violating federal ethics laws in a six-count indictment. His convictions on three counts of illegally lobbying White House officials were overturned by a federal appeals court.
    (AP, 7/16/97)

1988        Jul 16, The Rev. Jesse Jackson arrived in Atlanta for the Democratic national convention, telling cheering supporters he was seeking "shared responsibility" with nominee-apparent Michael Dukakis.
    (AP, 7/16/98)

1989        Jul 16, Leaders of the seven major industrial democracies called at their economic summit in Paris for "decisive action" against global pollution.
    (AP, 7/16/99)
1989        Jul 16, Conductor Herbert von Karajan (b.1908) died near Salzburg, Austria.
    (AP, 7/16/99)

1990        Jul 16, NYC's Empire State Building caught fire, but there were no fatalities.
    (www.nycfiremuseum.org/inner/history/5alarm.htm)
1990        Jul 16, A 7.7 earthquake in Philippines killed some 5,000 people.
    (www.drj.com/drworld/content/w1_116.htm)
1990        Jul 16, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl announced that Moscow had agreed to drop its objection to a united Germany’s membership in NATO.
    (AP, 7/16/00)
1990        Jul 16, The Ukraine Parliament approved a declaration of State Sovereignty. The people's deputies vote 339-5 to proclaim July 16 a national holiday.
    (www.ukrweekly.com/Archive/2001/340119.shtml)

1991        Jul 16, Leaders of the Group of Seven nations holding their economic summit in London issued a communiqué calling for a "new spirit of cooperation" in the international community.
    (AP, 7/16/01)
1991        Jul 16, Robert Motherwell (b.1915), US painter (Elegies to Spanish Rep), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Motherwell)
1991        Jul 16, Frank Rizzo (70), (Mayor-D-Phila, 1972-80), died of a heart attack.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Rizzo)

1992        Jul 16, Bill Clinton delivered his acceptance speech a day after winning the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in New York City. To the dismay and anger of supporters, Ross Perot announced he would not run for president. He later changed his mind.
    (AP, 7/16/97)

1993        Jul 16, In Oakland Ca., Sizzler Restaurant manager Anthoney Vaughn was shot and killed during a robbery by 2 men at 2710 Telegraph Ave. In 2012 Charles Luckett (58) was charged with Vaughn’s murder after biological evidence linked him to the scene.
    (SFC, 6/27/12, p.C2)
1993        Jul 16, The surging Mississippi River charged through a levee at West Quincy, Mo., closing the Bayview Bridge, the only bridge across the river to Illinois for more than 200 miles.
    (AP, 7/16/98)

1994        Jul 16, "Sisters Rosensweig" closed at Barrymore Theater in NYC after 556 performances.
    (www.theatredb.com/QShow.php?sid=s0449)
1994        Jul 16, The 3 tenors, Placid Domingo, Luciano Pavarotti and Jose Carreras, performed in Los Angeles, Ca.
    (www.kviestore.org/vhthte19lan.html)
1994        Jul 16, The first of 21 pieces of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 slammed into Jupiter. The comet was initially discovered by astronomer Eugene Shoemaker (d.1997 at 69).
    (HFA, '96, p.34)(SFC, 7/19/97, p.A21)(AP, 7/16/99)

1995        Jul 16, William Barloon and David Daliberti, the two Americans who were imprisoned in Iraq for crossing the border from Kuwait four months earlier, were released.
    (AP, 7/16/00)
1995        Jul 16, Amazon.com went live on the Internet. The 1st book sold on the site was “Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought."
    (SFC, 7/5/05, p.E2)
1995        Jul 16, Stephen Spender (b.1909), English poet and critic, died. In 2004 John Sutherland authored “Stephen Spender: The Authorized Biography."
    (HN, 2/28/01)(Econ, 6/19/04, p.81)
1995        Jul 16, Early reports of massacres in Bosnia emerged as the first survivors of the long march from Srebrenica began to arrive in Muslim-held territory. Following negotiations between the UN and the Bosnian Serbs, the Dutch were at last permitted to leave Srebrenica, leaving behind weapons, food and medical supplies.
    (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/675945.stm)

1996        Jul 16, President Clinton told the National Governors Association he was granting states new powers to deny benefits to recipients who refuse to move from welfare to work.
    (AP, 7/16/97)
1996        Jul 16, Russian President Boris Yeltsin met a day late with Vice President Al Gore, easing some of the concerns about his fragile health.
    (AP, 7/16/97)
1996        Jul 16, US states were adopting laws that would allow drug users and their families to sue drug dealers.
    (WSJ, 7/16/96, p.B1)
1996        Jul 16, Handwriting analysis tagged Newsweek columnist and CBS commentator Joe Klein as the anonymous author of Primary Colors, a satire of the 1992 Clinton campaign.
    (WSJ, 7/17/96, p.A2)
1996        Jul 16, Pres. Clinton waived for 6 months sanctions on Cuba that would have allowed US courts to sue foreign companies for the use of property confiscated by the Castro regime.
    (WSJ, 7/16/96, p.A1)
1996        Jul 16, An ambush in Algeria killed the former head of a militant Muslim group.
    (WSJ, 7/29/96, p.A1)
1996        Jul 16, Hong Kong authorities arrested a US immigration agent on charges of smuggling illegal immigrants through Central America. Jerry Wolf Stuchiner, a 19 year veteran, was found with forged Honduran passports at Hong Kong’s Kai Tak Airport.
    (SFC, 7/17/96, A7)
1996        Jul 16, Ukrainian Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko escaped an assassination attempt. He proceeded to the Donbass coalfields where 200,000 miners were on strike.
    (WSJ, 7/17/96, p.A1)

1997        Jul 16, Hundreds of FBI agents, some handing out photos in gay bars and hotels, blanketed south Florida in the continuing hunt for alleged prostitute-turned-serial killer Andrew Phillip Cunanan, who was suspected of killing designer Gianni Versace.
    (AP, 7/16/98)
1997        Jul 16, Jerold Mackenzie was awarded $26.6M for being fired from Miller Brewing in 1993 for sexual harassment for relaying a Seinfeld episode to a co-worker. Higher courts later threw the entire award out. In 2003 Mackenzie accepted an out-of-court settlement for $625,000.
    (MC, 7/16/02)(http://www.jsonline.com/news/metro/jun03/146469.asp)
1997        Jul 16, In Recife, Brazil, the 18,000 man police force went on strike. The crime and murder rate immediately surged and some 3,000 soldiers were called to try to maintain order.
    (SFC, 7/23/97, p.A10)
1997        Jul 16, In Cambodia Hun Sen named a new co-premier, Ung Huot, the foreign minister and a member of Ranariddh’s Funcinpec Party. Exiled legislators said was the appointment was illegal.
    (SFC, 7/17/97, p.A8)(WSJ, 7/17/97, p.A1)
1997        Jul 16, In Cuba Vladimiro Roca, Martha Beatriz Roque, Felix Bonne, and Rene Gomez Manzano were detained for issuing a document "La Patria es de Todos," criticizing the political system. They were scheduled for a trial on charges of sedition in 1999. The Prosecution recommended a 6 year sentence for Roca and 5 year sentences for the others after the 4 rejected a government offer to go into exile. Roca was sentenced to 5 years, Manzano and Bonne to 4 years, and Roque to 3 ½ years.
    (USAT, 10/9/98, p.13A)(SFC, 2/27/99, p.A17)(SFC, 3/3/99, p.A10)(SFC, 3/16/99, p.A8)
1997        Jul 16, In Mexico Benjamin Flores Gonzalez (29), a newspaper editor of La Prensa, was gunned down in San Luis Colorado across the border from Yuma, Ariz.
    (SFC, 7/17/97, p.A9)

1998        Jul 16, The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia refused to block Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr from calling President Clinton's Secret Service protectors before a grand jury.
    (AP, 7/16/99)
1998        Jul 16, In Stockton, Ca., a jury awarded $30 million in damages to 2 brothers for enduring years of sexual abuse from Rev. Oliver O’Grady. In 2006 Amy Berg produced her film “Deliver Us From Evil," a documentary on O’Grady, who was deported to Ireland after serving time in the US.
    (SFC, 7/17/98, p.A1)(SFC, 10/25/06, p.E1)
1998        Jul 16, The US FDA approved the use of thalidomide as a treatment for leprosy.
    (SFC, 7/17/98, p.A1)
1998        Jul 16, In Gudermes, Chechnya, fighting broke out and over 50 people were reported killed in a battle between Chechen security forces and Muslim Wahabist paramilitary, a conservative arm of Sunni Islam.
    (SFC, 7/17/98, p.A16)
1998        Jul 16, China’s leaders announced a war on smuggling and the formation of a new anti-smuggling police force.
    (SFC, 7/17/98, p.A12)
1998        Jul 16, The Russian parliament agreed to a 5% sales tax.
    (SFC, 7/17/98, p.A12)
1998        Jul 16, In Turkey some 2000 soldiers were flown into northern Iraq to hunt Kurdish rebels who fled there after killing 22 Turkish troops in a raid.
    (SFC, 7/17/98, p.A16)

1999        Jul 16, Stanley Kubrick’s final film, "Eyes Wide Shut" starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman, made its debut.
    (AP, 7/16/00)
1999        Jul 16, US Representative Michael Forbes of New York announced his switch from the Republican to the Democratic Party.
    (SFC, 7/20/99, p.A5)
1999        Jul 16, Scientists announced plans to develop "chemically assembled electronic nanocomputers" (CAENs).
    (SFC, 7/16/99, p.A1)
1999        Jul 16, John F. Kennedy Jr. (38), his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy and sister, Lauren Bessette, were killed when the Piper Saratoga, which he piloted crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha's Vineyard, Mass.
    (SFEC, 7/18/99, p.A1)(AP, 7/16/07)
1999        Jul 16, In Wiener Neustadt, Austria, the 3-day Woodstock '99 "One World" experienced music festival was projected to have an audience of 250,000.
    (SFC, 1/29/99, p.D9)
1999        Jul 16, In Burundi peace talks ended in a deadlock.
    (SFC, 7/17/99, p.A14)
1999        Jul 16, In Mexico a judge cut the 50 year prison sentence of Raul Salinas in half and a Swiss court overturned the seizure of his stashed fortune, though the money remained frozen pending further investigation.
    (SFC, 7/17/99, p.A11)
1999        Jul 16, A NATO memorandum warned soldiers and workers of a "possible toxic threat" from the use depleted uranium ordnance used by the US during the air campaign across Yugoslavia. The "hazard awareness" document was not released and was not made public until 2001.
    (SFC, 1/8/01, p.A9)(SFC, 1/9/01, p.A14)
1999        Jul 16, A Russian supply ship for Mir was launched from Baikomur in Kazakhstan. It proceeded to successfully dock with Mir.
    (WSJ, 7/19/99, p.A1)

2000        Jul 16, Families and friends of the victims of the TWA Flight 800 explosion broke ground for a new memorial on the Long Island shore not far from where the plane went down in 1996, killing all 230 people on board.
    (WSJ, 7/18/96, p.A1)(AP, 7/16/01)
2000        Jul 16, An oil leak in Brazil’s Parana state began near the Getulio Vargas Refinery in Araucaria and dumped over 1 million gallons of crude into a tributary of the Iguacu River. Petrobras was later fined $94 million for the country’s worst spill in 25 years.
    (SFC, 7/18/00, p.A12)(SFC, 8/3/00, p.A13)
2000        Jul 16, In Indonesia a 2nd day of fighting left 20 people dead after Indonesian troops joined Muslim militants against Christian gangs in the Maluku Islands.
    (SFC, 7/17/00, p.A12)
2000        Jul 16, In Nigeria another pipeline blast killed over 100 people between the villages of Ifie and Ijala. The line was punctured to steal fuel.
    (SFC, 7/17/00, p.A13)(WSJ, 7/17/00, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/18/00, p.A1)
2000        Jul 16, In Pakistan a bomb exploded on a train leaving Hyderabad and 10 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/17/00, p.A13)

2001        Jul 16, The IOC in Moscow elected Jacques Rogge (59), a Belgian surgeon, to succeed Juan Antonio Samaranch.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 16, In northwest China an illegal cache of explosives blew up in Mafang and 41 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A7)
2001        Jul 16, In India the leaders of Pakistan and India failed to reach an accord on their half-century dispute over Kashmir, ending a landmark three-day summit on a solemn note. They did agree to meet later in the year in Pakistan.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A6)(AP, 7/16/02)
2001        Jul 16, In Israel a Palestinian suicide bomber killed himself and 2 Israelis at a bus stop north of Tel Aviv. The bombing was believed to be an effort to mar the opening of the Maccabiah, the Jewish Olympics in Jerusalem. Israel retaliated by shelling Palestinian police posts in 2 West Bank towns.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A6)(WSJ, 7/17/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 16, In Serbia authorities began exhuming bodies from another mass grave near Belgrade.
    (SFC, 7/17/01, p.A7)

2002        Jul 16, The body of Samantha Runnion (5), who had been kidnapped a day earlier from her home in Stanton, Calif., was found in a heavily forested area about 50 miles away.
    (AP, 7/16/03)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samantha_Runnion)
2002        Jul 16, Belgian banks signed agreements to pay some $54 million to the country's Jewish community for property lost during the Nazi occupation.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 16, In Chechnya separatist fighters attacked Russian army convoys and checkpoints and 6 people were killed.
    (WSJ, 7/17/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 16, In Ecuador Julia Butterfly Hill was arrested with 7 other demonstrators in Quito for protesting a proposed oil pipeline from the Amazon Basin to the port of Esmeraldas that would run through the Mindo-Nambillo Reserve. Hill was deported July 18.
    (SFC, 7/18/02, p.A12)(SFC, 7/19/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 16, In Ecuador rains caused a landslide that buried 11 vehicles including a bus with 40 people.
    (SFC, 7/18/02, p.A15)
2002        Jul 18, Greek police reported the capture of Alexandros Giotopoulos (58), the alleged head of the November 17 terror group. Police also reported confessions from other members to bombings and assassinations.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 16, In India-controlled Kashmir a grenade wounded at least 13 people in Anantnag.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A7)
2002        Jul 16, The Irish Republican Army issued an unprecedented apology for hundreds of civilian deaths over 30 years.
    (AP, 7/16/03)
2002        Jul 16, In the West Bank Palestinian gunmen ambushed a bus at the Emmanuel settlement left 8 Israelis dead.
    (SFC, 7/17/02, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/18/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 16, Russia and China signed their first friendship treaty in more than half a century.
    (AP, 7/16/02)

2003        Jul 16, The Environmental Protection Agency announced it was starting big-money, long-term cleanups at 10 Superfund toxic waste sites and putting ten other sites aside for later.
    (AP, 7/16/04)   
2003        Jul 16, New research indicated that frequent masturbation, particularly in the 20s, helps prevent prostate cancer later in life.
    (AP, 7/16/03)
2003        Jul 16, In Santa Monica, Ca., 10 people were killed and over 70 injured when a car driven by George Russell Weller (87) plowed through a crowded street market in an apparent accident. In 2006 a jury convicted Weller on 10 counts of felony manslaughter. He was sentenced to 5 years probation due to his failing health. Weller was also ordered to pay about $107,100 in fines and restitution.
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.A1)(SFC, 11/21/06, p.A3)(AP, 7/16/08)
2003        Jul 16, Celia Cruz (b.1925), Cuban-born Latin music singer, died in Fort Lee, NJ. In 2004 Eduardo Marceles authored “Azucar! The biography of Celia Cruz." An autobiography based on recorded material was also published as “Celia: My Life," by Celia Cruz and Christina Reymundo." 
    (SFC, 7/17/03, p.A21)(SSFC, 8/15/04, p.M6)
2003        Jul 16, Carol Shields (68), the Pulitzer-prize winning author who wrote "The Stone Diaries" (1995) and more than 20 other books, died at her home in Victoria, British Columbia.
    (AP, 7/17/03)(SFC, 7/18/03, p.A29)
2003        Jul 16, Salvatore Mancuso, head of the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia, said the largest paramilitary group agreed to lay down weapons because of the government's success in retaking control of wide swaths of land from leftist rebels.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2003        Jul 16, In northern India more than 100 people were feared dead in flash floods caused by a heavy rain in a remote hill area of Himachal Pradesh state.
    (AP, 7/16/03)
2003        Jul 16, In Sao Tome, an island nation off West Africa, Pres. Fradique de Menezes was ousted in a coup led by army Maj. Fernando Pereira. The revolt changed control of the impoverished country's new oil wealth.
    (AP, 7/16/03)

2004        Jul 16, Domestic icon Martha Stewart was sentenced to five months in prison and five months of home confinement by a federal judge in New York for lying about a stock sale. On March 4, 2005, Stewart was released from Alderson Federal Prison Camp, aka “Camp Cupcake," in West Virginia. She was then placed under home confinement and required to wear an ankle bracelet for an additional 5 months.
    (AP, 7/16/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha_Stewart#Stock_trading_case_and_conviction)
2004        Jul 16, PNC Financial, based in Pennsylvania, agreed to by Riggs National of Washington DC for $779 million. Riggs was fined $25 million in May for violating money laundering regulations.
    (Econ, 7/24/04, p.69)
2004        Jul 16, George Busbee 76, former Georgia Gov., died in Savannah.
    (AP, 7/16/05)
2004        Jul 16, New Zealand's prime minister and media heaped vitriol on Israel over the case of two Israelis imprisoned for passport fraud, saying there's "no doubt" the pair are spies.
    (AP, 7/17/04)
2004        Jul 16, A Saudi transport company said it had pulled out of Iraq to save the life of an Egyptian truck driver taken hostage by kidnappers who demanded the firm leave the country.
    (Reuters, 7/16/04)
2004        Jul 16, In Thailand the 15th Int’l. AIDS Conference ended in Bangkok.
    (SFC, 7/17/04, p.A14)

2005        Jul 16, J.K. Rawling’s latest book, “Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince," the 6th of the series, went on sale.
    (SSFC, 7/17/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 16, In Australia Sir Ronald Wilson (82), a former World War II fighter pilot who became a respected Australian judge and headed a national inquiry into the "stolen generations" of Aboriginal children, died.
    (AP, 7/17/05)
2005        Jul 16, The death toll from the July 7 bombings in London rose to 55 as a badly wounded young architect succumbed 9 days after being rescued. British PM Tony Blair warned that an "evil ideology" of Islamic extremism was bent on spreading terror through the West.
    (SSFC, 7/17/05, p.A17)(AP, 7/16/06)
2005        Jul 16, A small plane from Costa Rica, piloted by the son of a former owner of the San Jose Sharks hockey team, crashed off the Pacific Coast, killing six people.
    (AP, 7/17/05)
2005        Jul 16, A Russian-made plane that disappeared from radar shortly after takeoff in Equatorial Guinea crashed with 55 people aboard.
    (AP, 7/17/05)
2005        Jul 16, In Finland Indonesia's government and Aceh rebels reached a tentative peace deal to end a 29-year insurgency in the tsunami-devastated province. They agreed to sign a peace accord on Aug 15 in exchange for more autonomy.
    (AP, 7/17/05)(WSJ, 7/18/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 16, Security forces in India's portion of Kashmir killed at least 17 suspected Islamic militants, including 13 rebels who had entered the region from Pakistan.
    (AP, 7/17/05)
2005        Jul 16, Iran said it had arrested 200 people and deported another 800, all of whom were said to be linked to al-Qaida.
    (SSFC, 7/17/05, p.A3)
2005        Jul 16, In Baghdad a suicide car bomber attacked police commandos in the southern district of Dura, killing one commando and three civilians, two of them children. A 2nd Baghdad suicide bomber blew up a car in an attack targeting a passing US military convoy. One civilian was killed. A 3rd bomber blew himself up in a police station in Mosul, killing 4 policemen and wounding 18 more. A 4th bomber blew himself up in the Jabala area, when Iraqi police tried to arrest him. The explosion wounded two policemen and four civilians. 3 British soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in a rare attack in the relatively stable southern part of the country.
    (AFP, 7/16/05)
2005        Jul 16, In Iraq a suicide bomber blew up a fuel truck near a crowded vegetable market outside a Shiite mosque in Musayyib killing 98 people. A suspected mastermind of the attack was captured later during a raid by Iraqi forces in which two of his associates were killed.
    (Reuters, 7/17/05)(AP, 7/23/05)
2005        Jul 16, US forces in Iraq began setting up a base 3 miles from the Rawah, a crossroads town and smuggling route near the Syrian border.
    (SSFC, 7/31/05, p.A20)
2005        Jul 16, Israeli troops raided towns across the West Bank, arresting 26 suspected Palestinian militants. Israeli aircraft launched a series of airstrikes in Gaza City and the southern Gaza town of Khan Younis.
    (AP, 7/16/05)
2005        Jul 16, Hurricane Emily skirted Jamaica with winds spiking at 155 mph.
    (SSFC, 7/17/05, p.A3)
2005        Jul 16, In Lagos a court convicted Amaka Anajemba, a Nigerian woman, of helping defraud a Brazilian bank of $242 million in the country's biggest international fraud case. She was sentenced to 2 1/2 years in prison and ordered to give up $25.5 million in cash and assets. Banco Noroeste of Sao Paolo, Brazil, was reportedly fleeced of some $242 million over seven years until 2001.
    (AP, 7/17/05)
2005        Jul 16, Pakistani security officials said 3 of the 4 London suicide bombers recently visited Pakistan. Investigators probed whether they met with Al-Qaeda-linked militant groups.
    (AP, 7/16/05)
2005        Jul 16, Pakistani soldiers fought militants in a northwestern tribal region near the Afghan border. 18 people, mostly women and children, died in the clash.
    (AP, 7/17/05)
2005        Jul 16, A Russian air force helicopter carrying border guards crashed in mountainous southern Chechnya, killing eight people.
    (AP, 7/17/05)
2005        Jul 16, In Turkey a bomb blast destroyed a minibus near Kusadasi, a popular Aegean Sea beach, killing 5 people, including at least 2 foreigners. Initial reports implicating a female suicide bomber were soon changed to a remote controlled or timer bomb as the cause.
    (Reuters, 7/16/05)(AP, 7/17/05)

2006        Jul 16, President Bush and other Group of Eight world leaders meeting in St. Petersburg, Russia, urged Israel to show "utmost restraint" and blamed Hezbollah and Hamas for escalating violence in the Middle East. G8 leaders adopted statements on the summit's three priority areas of energy security, education and the fight against infectious diseases.
    (AP, 7/16/06)(AP, 7/16/07)
2006        Jul 16, US federal officials arrested David Carruthers in Texas, the British boss of BetonSports, as he changed planes enroute from London to Costa Rica. He was charged the next day, along with 10 others, with conspiracy and fraud related to online gambling.
    (Econ, 7/22/06, p.61) 
2006        Jul 16, Robert Brooks (b.1937), chairman of Hooters of America, died in South Carolina. He made a fortune selling chicken wings served by scantily clad waitresses.
    (www.cnn.com/2006/US/07/16/obit.hooters.ap/index.html)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.78)
2006        Jul 16, In Afghanistan Amir Gul Hassanyar was arrested in northern Kunduz province. He allegedly carried out numerous roadside bombings and trafficked in weapons and drugs.
    (AP, 7/22/06)
2006        Jul 16, A British soldier was killed and 3 others wounded in two different attacks near Iraq's main southern city of Basra. 17 people were killed in rebel violence across Iraq. Six of 29 people seized at an Iraqi Olympic Committee meeting were released in Baghdad.
    (AFP, 7/16/06)
2006        Jul 16, Seven Canadians from the same Montreal family, including four young children, were killed in Lebanon when Israeli aircraft bombed a house in the south of the country.
    (AP, 7/17/06)
2006        Jul 16, Hundreds of exhausted evacuees flew into Cyprus as Western countries moved their citizens from the Middle East amid continued Israeli bombardment of Lebanon.
    (AP, 7/16/06)
2006        Jul 16, A small German tourist plane crashed on takeoff from the Italian island of Elba, killing four people aboard and seriously injuring one.
    (AP, 7/16/06)
2006        Jul 16, Iran said that Western incentives to halt its nuclear program were an "acceptable basis" for talks, and it is ready for detailed negotiations.
    (AP, 7/16/06)
2006        Jul 16, A suicide bomber detonated explosives inside a cafe packed with Shiites in Tuz Khormato, a mostly Turkomen city 130 miles north of Baghdad. 26 people were killed and 22 injured. In the south, a British soldier was killed and another wounded during a raid against a "terrorist suspect" in Basra.
    (AP, 7/17/06)
2006        Jul 16,    Lebanese guerrillas fired a relentless barrage of rockets into the northern Israeli city of Haifa, killing eight people at a railway depot and wounding seven in a dramatic escalation of a five-day-old conflict that has shattered hopes for Mideast peace. Israeli airstrikes reduced entire apartment buildings to rubble and knocked out electricity in swaths of Beirut.
    (AP, 7/16/06)
2006        Jul 16, In Mexico City Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador led hundreds of thousands of marchers demanding a full recount of in the disputed election.
    (SFC, 7/17/06, p.A3)
2006        Jul 16, North Korea rejected a UN Security Council resolution sanctioning the communist nation for recent missile tests and warned the measure was a prelude to a renewed Korean War.
    (AP, 7/16/06)
2006        Jul 16, Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan signaled that his government was planning a tough response to mounting violence by Kurdish rebels after 13 members of the security forces were killed in the southeast over the past week.
    (AFP, 7/16/06)
2006        Jul 16, Ugandan negotiators at talks to end one of Africa's longest wars demanded on that Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels disarm and hand over all their weapons in order to receive amnesty.
    (Reuters, 7/16/06)

2007        Jul 16, Pres. Bush said he would call Israel, the Palestinians and others in the region to a peace conference and urged Arabs to send Cabinet-level officials to a Fall meeting to be led by Sec. of State Condoleeza Rice.
    (SFC, 7/17/07, p.A7)(AP, 7/16/08)
2007        Jul 17, The US freed 16 Saudis from Guantanamo and flew them home, where they were taken into custody for investigation of possible links to terrorism.
    (WSJ, 1/17/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 16, A man carrying a gun and declaring "I am the emperor" was shot and killed by security outside the offices of Colorado Gov. Bill Ritter.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2007        Jul 16, Dikembe Mutombo (41), NBA basketball star, said he wants to score for his native Democratic Republic of Congo by financing a new hospital and training young hoops players. Mutombo invested $15 million (11 million euros) in the construction of the hospital, more than half the total cost.
    (AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp. reached a tentative agreement to buy Dow Jones & Co., publisher of the Wall Street Journal, for $5 billion.
    (SFC, 7/17/07, p.A3)
2007        Jul 16, IHOP Corp. announced that it had sealed a deal to buy Applebee’s for about $2.1 billion. This would make IHOP the nation’s largest sit-down restaurant chain with 3,250 locations and sales of nearly $7 billion.
    (WSJ, 1/17/07, p.A2)
2007        Jul 16, An Amtrak train hit a car at a Florida crossing killing 4 occupants.
    (WSJ, 1/17/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 16, Mark Sneed (50), president of Phillips Foods, died of a heart attack at his home in Riva, Md. He drove the company’s expansion to Asian suppliers for crab.
    (WSJ, 1/21/07, p.A4)
2007        Jul 16, Afghanistan's government fired Abdul Sattar Murad, the governor of Kapisa province, days after he said Afghans are distancing themselves from Pres. Hamid Karzai and that a "vacuum of authority" is allowing the Taliban, al-Qaida and other groups to gain power. In southern Kandahar province suspected Taliban militants ambushed two police officers riding a bike in Zhari district, killing both.
    (AP, 7/17/07)(AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 16, Argentina’s President Nestor Kirchner's economy minister resigned after a prosecutor ordered her to testify about $64,000 in cash that was found in a bag in her office bathroom. Kirchner accepted Felisa Miceli's resignation and appointed economist and Industry Secretary Gustavo Peirano as her replacement.
    (AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, Bangladesh police arrested former PM Sheikh Hasina on extortion charges, and she was ordered jailed pending trial.
    (AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, Britain ordered the expulsion of four Russian diplomats because of Moscow's refusal to extradite the lead suspect in the fatal poisoning of a former KGB officer in London.
    (AP, 7/17/07)
2007        Jul 16, The High Court in London upheld a ban on a teenager from wearing a so-called "purity ring" at school to signal her refusal of sex before marriage.
    (AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, The Canadian government agreed to disburse C$1.4 billion ($1.3 billion) in aid over 20 years to Quebec's 15,000 Cree to improve health, security and other services for the native Indians.
    (Reuters, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, Orascom Construction Industries S.A.E. of Cairo said it is investing $115 million to acquire a 50% stake in a North Korean cement plant.
    (WSJ, 1/16/07, p.A6)
2007        Jul 16, In Ethiopia a court sentenced 35 opposition politicians and activists to life in prison and denied them the right to vote or run for public office for inciting violence in an attempt to overthrow the government. They had protested the alleged rigging of ’05 elections. Those facing life imprisonment include the leader of the Coalition for Unity and Democracy, Hailu Shawel; Berhanu Nega, who was elected mayor of Addis Ababa; former Harvard scholar Mesfin Woldemariam; and former UN special envoy and former Norfolk (Va.) State University professor, Yacob Hailemariam.
    (AP, 7/16/07)(WSJ, 1/17/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 16, A group representing thousands of children of Holocaust survivors filed a class-action lawsuit against the German government, demanding that Germany pay for their psychiatric care.
    (AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, Haitian radio reported that US Drug Enforcement Administration agents arrested Guy Philippe (39), a former rebel leader and presidential candidate with alleged ties to drug traffickers.
    (AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, Reliance Communications, India's second largest telecom company, said it paid 300 million dollars to buy US-based telecom firm Yipes Holdings to expand data services.
    (AFP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, A court in Iran sentenced Adnan Hassanpour (27), a journalist for the closed Kurdish-Persian weekly, to death on charges of endangering national security and propaganda against the state. Abdolvahed “Hiva" Botimar (29) was also sentenced to death by a revolutionary tribunal in Marivan.
    (http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=15054)
2007        Jul 16, In Iraq twin suicide car bombings exploded within 20 minutes of each other in Kirkuk, killing at least 85 people and wounding around 150 in attacks targeting a Kurdish political office and ripping through the Haseer outdoor market. A string of attacks in Baghdad killed at least 14 people. An American soldier died from wounds received the day before by a bombing in Ninevah province. American soldiers killed about a dozen insurgents during a three-hour gunfight in Fadhil. A US Marine died in a non-combat related incident in Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/16/07)(AP, 7/17/07)(WSJ, 1/17/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 16, A 6.8 earthquake struck northwestern Japan, destroying hundreds of homes, buckling seaside bridges and causing a fire at one of the world's most powerful nuclear power plants. 11 people were killed and hundreds were injured. The Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant suffered a slew of problems, including spilled waste drums, leaked radioactive water, fires and burst pipes.
    (AFP, 7/16/07)(WSJ, 1/17/07, p.A1)(Econ, 7/21/07, p.41)(AP, 7/16/08)
2007        Jul 16, In northern Lebanon fierce fighting erupted at a besieged Palestinian refugee camp as army troops pounded the remaining hideouts of al-Qaida-inspired militants holed up inside with artillery and tank fire. 4 soldiers were killed in fighting. Troops captured two militants while pursuing the fighters in the camp's old neighborhoods.
    (AP, 7/16/07)(AP, 7/17/07)
2007        Jul 16, Health officials in Malawi prepared to launch a massive HIV testing program to identify tens of thousands of people unknowingly infected with the virus.
    (AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, In Mexico police fired tear gas to prevent hundreds of leftist protesters from reaching the venue of an international folk festival in Oaxaca, in the worst outbreak of violence in the troubled Mexican city since November.
    (AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, Pakistan held crisis talks with tribal elders to save a peace deal with pro-Taliban militants, amid fears of fresh violence after 3 weekend suicide attacks left more than 70 dead.
    (AFP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, Scotland’s University of Edinburgh confirmed that it had withdrawn an honorary doctorate awarded to Zimbabwe’s president Robert Mugabe in 1984, because of concern over his human rights record.
    (AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, Public schools reopened in South Africa after seven weeks following a month-long strike by teachers and winter holidays.
    (AP, 7/16/07)
2007        Jul 16, In Venezuela RCTV resumed broadcasting on cable and satellite TV channels. The station had been pushed off public access on May 28.
    (Econ, 7/21/07, p.38)(www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=22903)
2007        Jul 16, Zimbabwean Roman Catholic Archbishop Pius Ncube was named in an adultery case. State radio reported that a woman, identified as Rosemary Sibanda, "admitted the affair" to the state broadcasting company. The radio report said the woman's husband, Onesimus Sibanda, was demanding $160,000 in damages.
    (AP, 7/16/07)

2008        Jul 16, The United States signed a pair of agreements to boost trade and investment ties with countries in southern and eastern Africa. These included the Trade, Investment and Development Cooperation Agreement with the Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), which includes Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland; and the Trade Investment and Framework Agreement (TIFA) with the East African Community, which includes Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
    (Reuters, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 16, The US Postal Service released a series of stamps honoring black cinema.
    (SFC, 7/16/08, p.E3)
2008        Jul 16, California state educators said 24% of the state’s high school students had dropped out of school during the 2006-2007 school year.
    (SFC, 7/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Jul 16, Jo Stafford (b.1917), pop star singer during the 1940s and 1950s, died in Los Angeles. Her songs included “You Belong To Me," a big hit in 1952.
    (SFC, 7/19/08, p.B5)
2008        Jul 16, The governor of Kandahar said eight militants were killed during an operation in the southern province's Khakrez district in the past two days. A regional Taliban commander, Mullah Mahmoud, who controlled about 250 fighters, was among those killed. Several militants were killed in the Nahr Surkh district of Helmand. Coalition and Afghan security forces uncovered and destroyed a large weapons cache in northern Jawzjan province.
    (AP, 7/16/08)(AP, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 16, Thousands of British local government employees began a two-day strike over pay. Unions expected more than half a million workers in England, Wales and Northern Ireland to join the walkout that began after midnight.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 16, Anglican bishops from around the world gathered in Canterbury for the Lambeth Conference, with the 10-yearly meeting set to be dominated by deep splits over the roles of women and homosexuals.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 16, Cambodia assembled its troops near the Thai border in the second day of alleged incursions by Thai soldiers amid tensions over disputed border land near a historic temple.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 16, The government of China’s Gansu province told the Ministry of Health about an unusual surge of kidney stones among infants who had all drunk the same brand of milk.
    (Econ, 9/20/08, p.57)
2008        Jul 16, In Egypt a truck ploughed into traffic at a closed level crossing, pushing a bus, truck and several cars into the path of a passenger train. Four people died from their injuries overnight bringing the total number of dead to 41.
    (AFP, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 16, In France the first stone was laid at the Louvre's new Arts of Islam gallery, the first major modern architectural addition to the museum since its famed glass pyramid was built in the 1980s.
    (AP, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 16, In eastern India at least 20 special commando police officers were killed when their vehicle struck a land mine planted by communist rebels in Orissa state.
    (AP, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 16, Coalition forces handed the Iraqi government control of a province south of Baghdad, reflecting security improvements across the country. US and Polish forces operated in the mostly Shiite province of Qadisiyah, the tenth of 18 provinces to revert to Iraqi authority. A car bomb killed at least 7 children and 11 other people in the northern city of Tal Afar. 90 people also were injured in the blast at a popular outdoor market. A car bomb killed two civilians in Mosul.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 16, Hezbollah handed over two black coffins with the bodies of two Israeli soldiers and Israel freed 5 Lebanese militants, including Samir Kantar, who killed a 4-year-old girl and her father in 1979.
    (AP, 7/16/08)(WSJ, 7/17/08, p.A1)
2008        Jul 16, An Italian parliamentary panel gave initial approval to a plan to fingerprint everyone in the country, a move that could defuse criticism over a mandatory program to fingerprint Gypsies.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 16, Malaysian police arrested opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim on suspicion that he sodomized a male aide, pre-empting his voluntary appearance at the police headquarters to answer the allegation. He was interrogated for more than eight hours and made to sleep on a "cold cement" floor in a holding cell before being released the next day.
    (AP, 7/16/08)(AP, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 16, Mexico's navy seized a homemade submarine carrying a drug shipment off the Pacific coast and arrested its four-man crew.
    (AP, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 16, In Nigeria about 30 armed men in speedboats attacked a navy vessel that was guarding key oil facilities in southern Rivers state. Three militants, a naval serviceman and a civilian were killed. MEND said it was not involved.
    (Reuters, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 16, In southwestern Pakistan a roadside bomb wounded seven security personnel and two passers-by. In the northwest a military operation began to expel insurgents from Zargari. 10 militants were killed and five troops wounded.
    (AP, 7/16/08)(AP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 16, The Philippine government and Moro Islamic Liberation Front reached a deal to create an ancestral homeland for 3 million Muslims.
    (WSJ, 7/17/08, p.A8)
2008        Jul 16, Gold production was severely disrupted in parts of South Africa as thousands of mineworkers downed tools to protest rising living costs.
    (AFP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 16, In South Korea former Samsung Chairman Lee Kun-hee saw the suspension of his prison sentence in a tax-evasion conviction, a move that confirmed South Koreans' view that tycoons are immune from jail.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 16, In Spain King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia kicked off an interfaith conference in Madrid, an effort to bring Muslims, Christians and Jews closer together amid a world that often puts the three faiths at odds.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 16, Sri Lankan soldiers captured a key naval base used by the Tamil Tiger rebels in the northern part of the country. Fighting in the north killed 24 rebels and 3 soldiers.
    (AP, 7/16/08)(AP, 7/17/08)
2008        Jul 16, In Sudan a peacekeeper with the United Nations-African Union was shot and killed in Darfur. The peacekeeper, believed to be a Nigerian company commander, died while on patrol near a peacekeeping camp.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 16, Turkey’s military said 11 Kurdish rebels were killed in an ongoing operation in Hakkari province, near the border with Iraq.
    (AP, 7/16/08)
2008        Jul 16, In Turkey Ahmet Yildiz, a gay Kurd, was allegedly killed by his father for besmirching the family honor. In 2011 the film “Zenne Dancer," based on his story, won 5 awards at the Golden Orange Film Festival.
    (Econ, 10/22/11, p.64)(http://ahmetyildizismyfamily.blogspot.com/)
2008        Jul 16, Zimbabwe’s central bank's governor said the annual rate of inflation, already the highest in the world, has hit a new record level of 2.2 million percent.
    (AFP, 7/16/08)

2009        Jul 16, Michelle Cawthra, a former Colorado Dept. of Revenue supervisor, said love for her ex-boyfriend Hysear Randell led her to steal $11 million in unclaimed tax refunds from the state over a 2-year period. Randell was on trial in Denver for theft, forgery, computer crimes and racketeering.
    (SFC, 7/17/09, p.A6)
2009        Jul 16, In Phoenix, Arizona, 4 boys, all Liberian refugees (9-14) lured a Liberian girl (8) to a storage shed and raped her. Charges against one of the boys, aged 8, were dropped on Dec 16 after a judge ruled the boy was not competent to stand trial.
    (SFC, 8/10/09, p.A4)(SFC, 12/17/09, p.A12)
2009        Jul 16, In Chicago Willis Tower was introduced to Chicago by Mayor Richard M. Daley and others during a public Sears Tower renaming ceremony hosted by Willis Group Holdings. The London-based insurance brokerage secured the naming rights as part an agreement to lease 140,000 square feet of space, and has said it plans to bring hundreds of jobs to the city.
    (AP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, CIT Group Inc. shares tumbled 75% as its inability to get emergency government funding raised expectations that the commercial lender will file for bankruptcy protection.
    (AP, 7/16/09)(SFC, 7/17/09, p.C1)
2009        Jul 16, In California the UC Board of Regents cut $813 million from US budgets and approved pay raises, dividends and other benefits for over two dozen executives.
    (http://tinyurl.com/n3hcj3)(SFC, 8/7/09, p.A1)
2009        Jul 16, Jeffrey Locker (52), a debt-ridden motivational speaker, was found strangled and stabbed in his car in East Harlem, hours after he was seen buying condoms. In 2011 jurors found Kenneth Minor guilty of helping Locker commit suicide.
    (SFC, 3/4/11, p.A10)
2009        Jul 16, In southeastern Afghanistan local Taliban commanders threatened to kill a captured American soldier unless the US military stops operations in Ghazni province's Giro district and Paktika province's Khoshamand district. The British soldier was killed during a foot patrol near Gereshk in southern Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/16/09)(AP, 7/17/09)
2009        Jul 16, Australia and China traded warnings over Rio Tinto employees detained for spying, as the United States urged Beijing to ensure transparency and fair treatment for staff of foreign companies.
    (Reuters, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, The Chadian rebel Union of Forces of Resistance (UFR) claimed the Chadian air force attacked two villages in the southeastern Chadian region of Tissi. Rebels claimed some 50 had been killed some 100 wounded. Sudan accused Chad of launching air raids on its western region of Darfur.
    (AFP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, Colombian authorities extradited to the United States Gerardo Aguilar (50), alias "Cesar," a FARC rebel "jailer" captured in last year's July 2 rescue of three US military contractors and ex-presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt. He faced drug-trafficking charges, kidnapping and other charges on an indictment in Washington, D.C. federal court.
    (AP, 7/17/09)
2009        Jul 16, In Egypt 8 Serb tourists and 3 Egyptians were killed when a truck on the wrong side of the road hit their coach head-on along Egypt's Red Sea coast.
    (AP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, In Marseilles, France, a worker was killed immediately when the roof of a stage being built for a Madonna concert fell apart on top of several workers. Madonna canceled her scheduled July 19 performance. A 2nd worker died the next day.
    (AP, 7/17/09)
2009        Jul 16, Iceland’s Althingi (parliament) voted 33 to 28 to apply to join the EU.
    (Econ, 7/25/09, p.50)
2009        Jul 16, The leaders of India and Pakistan, following rare talks in Egypt, vowed to cooperate in the fight against terror in the wake of the devastating Mumbai attacks.
    (AFP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, In India Rita Bahuguna Joshi, a leading politician of India's ruling Congress party, was arrested and her house set on fire by activists after she suggested that a rival leader be raped so she can better understand the plight of rape victims.
    (AP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, Iran announced that Gholam Reza Aghazadeh, the head of its nuclear agency, has resigned, a move that may have been connected to the country's postelection turmoil. Aghazadeh told the semiofficial ISNA news agency that he submitted his resignation from Iran's Atomic Energy Organization 20 days ago and also resigned from his other post as one of Pres. Ahmadinejad's vice presidents.
    (AP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, In Iraq 18 people were injured in an explosion that targeted a minibus transporting Shiite pilgrims to a holy shrine in Najaf. 3 US soldiers were killed in a rocket attack on a base outside of Basra. On July 18 an Iranian-backed militiaman confessed to the rocket attack near the Basra airport.
    (AP, 7/16/09)(AP, 7/17/09)(AP, 7/18/09)
2009        Jul 16, In Israel Ultra-Orthodox Jews clashed with police using horses and water cannon in Jerusalem in the third day of rioting over the arrest of a mentally ill Hasidic woman who authorities say was starving her child.
    (AP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, Mexico’s Interior Secretary Fernando Gomez Mont said the government was pouring 1,500 federal police officers, 2,500 soldiers and 1,500 navy personnel into Michoacan state, the home base for the violent La Familia cartel led by Servando "La Tuta" Gomez.
    (AP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, In northwestern Pakistan gunmen killed UN employee Zill-e-Usman (59) and a guard during a failed kidnap attempt at a refugee camp near Peshawar, a blow to humanitarian efforts to help civilians displaced by army offensives against the Taliban.
    (AP, 7/16/09)(SFC, 7/17/09, p.A2)
2009        Jul 16, In Taiwan’s southern city of Kaohsiung, more than 3,000 athletes and staff from 105 countries and territories marched into the World Games Stadium, a new, eye-catching structure designed by renowned Japanese architect Toyo Ito. China’s 100-strong delegation boycotted the opening ceremony of the World Games in Taiwan, underscoring the limits of the historic breakthrough in relations between Taipei and Beijing.
    (AP, 7/16/09)
2009        Jul 16, In Tajikistan 5 militants were killed in a gunfight at a remote military checkpoint near the border with Afghanistan. Law enforcement agencies later issued a joint statement claiming the perpetrators of the attack were suspected terrorists with Russian citizenship. Authorities said that earlier this month Mirzo Ziyoyev, a rebel commander in Tajikistan's 1990s civil war, who later became a government minister, was killed by members of a militant group he had allegedly joined recently. The government said Azizov was a member of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, or IMU, an al-Qaida-linked militant group that has operated in ex-Soviet Central Asia and Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/20/09)
2009        Jul 16, The UN Security Council banned travel and froze assets of 10 North Korean individuals and businesses linked to the country’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs.
    (SFC, 7/17/09, p.A2)

2010        Jul 16, Kendall Myers (73), a retired US intelligence analyst and great grandson of Alexander Graham Bell, was sentenced to life in prison for spying for Cuba. His wife was sentenced to 5½ years.
    (SFC, 7/17/10, p.A5)
2010        Jul 16, In the US 94 people, including several doctors and nurses, were charged in scams totaling $251 million. Authorities indicted 33 suspects in the Miami area, accused of charging Medicare for about $140 million in various scams. Busts were carried out this week in Miami, New York City, Detroit, Houston and Baton Rouge, La., Federal authorities, while touting the operation, cautioned the cases represent only a fraction of the estimated $60 billion to $90 billion in Medicare fraud absorbed by taxpayers each year.
    (AP, 7/16/10)
2010        Jul 16, James Gammon (b.1940), TV and film actor, died in Orange County, Ca. His films included “Major League" (1989) and its 1994 sequel. His TV roles included the father on “Nash Bridges" (1996-2001).
    (SFC, 7/20/10, p.A4)
2010        Jul 16, In Afghanistan 2 NATO soldiers including one British and one American died in Taliban-style bomb attacks.
    (AP, 7/17/10)
2010        Jul 16, In Brazil an 11-year-old boy in a school classroom was killed by a stray bullet from a shootout between police and suspected drug gang members in Rio de Janeiro.
    (AP, 7/16/10)
2010        Jul 16, Canada’s Defense Minister Peter MacKay said Canada will buy 65 new fighter jets from Lockheed Martin Corp for C$9 billion ($8.6 billion), one of the biggest arms deals in the nation's history.
    (Reuters, 7/16/10)
2010        Jul 16, A typhoon that left a trail of destruction and deaths in the Philippines hit southern China as emergency workers prepared for torrential rains and lashing winds, flights and ferries were canceled and tens of thousands of residents were evacuated.
    (AP, 7/16/10)
2010        Jul 16, In Guyana the publisher of Kaieteur News vowed to fight a libel lawsuit filed by President Bharrat Jagdeo for a column that accused the president of racism and of hiring people to disrupt an academic conference. A June 28 column accused Jagdeo and his party, which is dominated by people of East Indian descent, of hiring "goons" to noisily disrupt a conference two days earlier.
    (AP, 7/17/10)
2010        Jul 16, In Indian Kashmir hundreds of anti-India protesters clashed with police and paramilitary soldiers despite a rigid curfew being reimposed in most of Kashmir following weeks of unrest that has killed 15 people.
    (AP, 7/16/10)
2010        Jul 16, In Mexico 5 factory workers were gunned down when armed men burst into a party at a house in Ciudad Juarez. In other municipalities of Chihuahua, which shares a long border with Texas, there were four killings.
    (AP, 7/17/10)
2010        Jul 16, In Mexico Roberto Cabrera (38), with a mysterious bulge under his T-shirt, was stopped, searched and detained at Mexico City's international airport after arriving from Peru. Authorities found 18 tiny endangered monkeys in a girdle he was wearing. Two of the monkeys were dead.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 16, In Pakistan a powerful bomb blast ripped through a busy market in the Khyber tribal region, an area along the Afghan border, killing 10 people including children.
    (AP, 7/16/10)(AP, 7/17/10)
2010        Jul 16, The Sudanese army said it inflicted a series of defeats on Darfur's most powerful rebel group, killing and capturing hundreds in a series of clashes over the past few days. General Al-Tayeb al-Musbah Osman told the state news agency that the army killed at least 300 members of the rebel Justice and Equality Movement and captured another 86. The army said 75 of its troops were also killed.
    (AP, 7/17/10)
2010        Jul 16, Turkey unveiled its first drone airplane, a surveillance craft able to fly for 24-hour stretches over the rugged mountains where Kurdish rebels are waging a deadly insurgency.
    (AP, 7/16/10)

2011        Jul 16, Pres. Obama met with the Dalai Lama despite a warning from Beijing that the meeting would risk damaging relations.
    (SSFC, 7/17/11, p.A8)
2011        Jul 16, In San Francisco Kenneth Wade Harding (19) was killed in a confrontation with police in the Bayview district. Harding was wanted in Washington state in connection with a July 13 killing. On July 21 police said Harding died from a bullet allegedly fired from his own gun.
    (SFC, 7/22/11, p.A1)
2011        Jul 16, In Florida Tyler Hadley (17) of Port St. Lucie bludgeoned his parents with a hammer, then hosting dozens of friends for a party while their bodies lay in the bedroom.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 16, Dawn, a NASA spacecraft, went into orbit around Vesta, an asteroid in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. After a year it was expected to leave Vesta and head for the asteroid Ceres.
    (Econ, 7/16/11, p.81)
2011        Jul 16, In southern Afghanistan a man wearing an Afghan army uniform killed a NATO soldier. A British soldier on a routine patrol was shot dead in southern Afghanistan, the 376th British serviceman to die there since 2001.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)(AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Algeria security forces in the eastern Boudjellal mountain region shot dead two gunmen overnight near the border with Tunisia. A suicide bomber blew up his car in front of a police station at Bordj-Menaiel. Another suicide bomber drove his motorbike at a crowd near the town hall of Bordj-Menaiel, killing a police officer and a local official.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, Bangladesh reported its population is up nearly 10% in a decade to 142.3 million, following its latest census.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff attended a ceremony marking the startup of operations at a shipyard where the four Scorpene attack submarines will be built. The four diesel-powered submarines will be built as part of a 2008 agreement with France that includes the future construction of Latin America's first nuclear submarine.
    (AP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, Bulgarian railway workers found seals on a train carriage door broken, and the door not properly closed. 64 unarmed missile warheads from the train transporting military equipment to Bulgaria from Romania were missing. The components were said to not be dangerous.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 16, China’s state media said landslides triggered by torrential rain across the country have left 13 people dead and hundreds trapped in their cars.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, Authorities in Ecuador banned the sale of alcohol in the coastal municipality of Urdaneta in Los Rios province after at least 19 people died after drinking adulterated alcohol. The victims began drinking the alcohol on July 7. Adulterated liquor was later traced to a factory near Guayaquil, where methanol was being added to fruity wines. By September some 51 were dead and 771 poisoned.
    (AP, 7/15/11)(AP, 7/17/11)(Econ, 9/24/11, p.49)
2011        Jul 16, The Greek oil tanker 'Aegean Star' belonging to the Endeavour Marine Agency company and flying a Liberian flag was hijacked, 30 nautical miles off the coast of Nigeria. The ship was released on July 18.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)(Reuters, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 16, Iran and China signed a series of agreements worth $4 billion (2.8 billion euros) for infrastructure projects as part of a broader bid to boost trade volume between the two nations. The agreements were signed during a visit by He Guoqiang, a senior executive of the Chinese Communist Party.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Iraq a bomb, hidden in an empty rickshaw, blew up near Shiite pilgrims headed to the holy city of Karbala, killing two people and wounding 26. In Baghdad, a bomb in a minibus parked outside a restaurant and nightclub in the Karradah neighborhood killed three passers-by and wounded at least nine. Pediatrician Safi Harzan (48) was freed in a village south of Kirkuk after spending three weeks in captivity after his family paid $500,000 to kidnappers.
    (AP, 7/16/11)(AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, Israeli aircraft struck Gaza overnight for the fourth time in as many days, wounding a militant who was about to fire a rocket.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Jordan 4 policemen suspected of attacking journalists at a demonstration in the Amman were arrested.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Libya 12 rebel fighters were killed in an advance on the strategic oil town of Brega, with rebel forces sweeping the outskirts for land mines so they could move in.
    (AP, 7/16/11)(AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Libya at least 12 rebels were reported killed in a failed assault on Brega.
    (AFP, 7/17/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Mexico two Mexican tourists in Acapulco were killed in a gun attack at a restaurant on the main oceanfront avenue in the tourist zone of the Pacific resort. Two other people were wounded.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Pakistan gunmen ambushed a bus carrying Sunni Muslims and killed all 10 passengers in the northwestern Kurram tribal region.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Syria security forces continued a weekslong operation in the restive Idlib province, near the Turkish border. Authorities raided homes in the village Kfar Nabl and made scores of arrests. A civilian was killed in Al-Bukamal when security forces opened fire to break up a demonstration against the regime of President Assad. 3 security personnel were killed and two kidnapped in an attack on a government building. An opposition conference in Turkey, called the National Salvation Conference, was attended by some 400 dissidents looking to form a unified opposition to Pres. Assad, whose family has ruled Syria for more than 40 years. The corpses of 3 Alawite government supporters were dumped in Homs with their eyes gouged out.
    (AP, 7/16/11)(AP, 7/17/11)(SFC, 7/19/11, p.A5)
2011        Jul 16, Hundreds of Taiwanese farmers demanded help from the government after steep falls in the prices of bananas, papayas, beans and other crops hurt their incomes.
    (AP, 7/16/11)
2011        Jul 16, In Yemen senior protest figures announced the formation of a shadow government they say will prepare to run the country should the embattled regime of President Ali Abdullah Saleh collapse. The 17-member body included a number of former ministers, one former prime minister, business people and civil society leaders.
    (AFP, 7/16/11)

2012        Jul 16, US Navy gunners aboard the USNS Rappahannock, a refueling ship, opened fire on a small boat racing toward them in broad daylight near the Gulf city of Dubai. One Indian was killed in the incident, and three of his countrymen were seriously wounded. An Indian fisherman aboard the boat told officials the crew received no warning before being fired upon. In 2013 a Navy investigation said the sailors acted within rules of engagement.
    (AP, 7/17/12)(AP, 4/8/13)
2012        Jul 16, In Lebanon, Ohio, investigators said a high school student was at the center of a marijuana distribution ring that was taking in as much as $20,000 a month. A year-long investigation culminated in the arrest of the teen and 7 adults.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.A8)
2012        Jul 16, Stephen R. Covey (79), Utah-based motivational speaker and author of the best-selling "The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People" (1989), died in Idaho Falls.
    (AP, 7/16/12)(Econ, 7/21/12, p.58)
2012        Jul 16, Kitty Wells, American country singer, died in Madison, Tenn. Her songs included “It Wasn’t God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels" (1952).
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.C4)
2012        Jul 16, Afghan soldier Abdul Sabor was sentenced to death for killing four French troops on Jan 20, 2012, in eastern Afghanistan. Insurgents twice ambushed the convoy of Nuristan provincial Gov. Tamim Nuristani, but he escaped unharmed both times. One policeman was killed in the 2nd ambush. A magnetic bomb attached to the vehicle of the chief of Khan Abad district of Kunar province exploded, killing one policeman and wounding eight civilians.
    (AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, Jon Lord (b.1941), keyboardist for the British Deep Purple rock band, died in London. His work included “Concerto for Group and Orchestra" (1969).
    (SFC, 7/18/12, p.C4)
2012        Jul 16, In Canada 2 people were killed and 23 injured when a street party in Toronto’s suburb of Scarborough ended in gunfire.
    (Reuters, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, Antonin Holy (1936), a renowned Czech scientist, died. His research significantly contributed to the development of antiviral drugs. He died the same day the US Food and Drug Administration approved Truvada, a drug Holy helped to create.
    (AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, Egypt’s ousted leader Hosni Mubarek (84) was returned to a Cairo prison.
    (SFC, 7/17/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 16, The EU formally agreed to a two-year mission from next month to help Niger fight organized crime and terrorism in the Sahel, where armed groups are threatening regional stability.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Indian officials suspended 12 doctors for allegedly conducting prenatal sex tests, a practice banned to stop the abortion of female fetuses that has widened India's gender gap.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, Iraq signed an initial deal with a Kuwait-led consortium made up of Kuwait Energy, Dubai-based Dragon Oil and Turkey's TPAO. A contract was awarded to a Russia-led group to drill for energy, part of Baghdad's efforts to strengthen its role as a major producer.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Israel's settlement watchdog accused the government of quietly legalizing Givat Salit, an unauthorized settlement outpost in the Jordan Valley, in a move likely to spark international criticism.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Japan tens of thousands of people rallied in Tokyo demanding an end to nuclear power, the latest in a series of anti-atomic gatherings following the tsunami-sparked disaster at Fukushima last year.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Heavy rain again lashed southwest Japan, triggering fears of more landslides and hampering the clean-up operation after a record deluge that left at least 32 people dead or missing.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, The president of Libya's Olympic Committee Nabil al-Alam was kidnapped by gunmen in the center of Tripoli and taken to a secret location. He was released on July 22.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)(AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Mali a Timbuktu man accused of drinking alcohol was given 40 lashes by members of the Ansar Dine Islamist group.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Firefighters in Montenegro struggled to contain wildfires that threatened an ancient pine forest in the northeast of the country. The blaze had reached the outer rim of the Crna Poda forest, where some of the pine trees are 400 years old.
    (AP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, New Zealand announced plans to ban the use of drugs offering so-called 'legal' highs unless manufacturers can provide clinical evidence that they are safe.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Nigeria fined Shell $5.0 billion over a December 2011 oil spill at the Bonga oilfield in the Gulf of Guinea. The next day Shell spokesman Tony Okonedo said the fine was unwarranted as the company had acted quickly to contain the spill.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Pakistan Taliban suicide bombers dressed in burqas stormed a police station, sparking gunbattles in the northwestern town of Bannu near the militant stronghold of North Waziristan.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Pakistan began a widely publicized 3-day polio vaccination campaign.
    (AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, In the Philippines ex-president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was charged with plunder in the alleged misuse of nearly $9 million.
    (SSFC, 7/22/12, p.A4)
2012        Jul 16, In the Republic of Congo a police helicopter crash killed two Ukrainian pilots.
    (AP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Somalia a car bomb went off in Mogadishu killing Mohamed Abdinur Garweyne, a former trade minister, and wounding six people nearby.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Sudan 7 military personnel died when their helicopter crashed in conflict-plagued Darfur because of a malfunction.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, Syrian troops resuming shelling of the southern Damascus neighborhood of Tadamon and soldiers and the Free Syrian Army (FSA) clashing in two other districts. The rebel Free Syrian Army said it has launched a large-scale operation dubbed "the Damascus volcano and earthquakes of Syria."
    (AFP, 7/16/12)(AFP, 7/17/12)
2012        Jul 16, In Thailand 8 suspected drug dealers were killed in a clash with Thai security forces who seized weapons and a large amount of illegal amphetamines.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16,     The United Arab Emirates deported an online activist to Thailand after stripping him of citizenship, part of a widening crackdown on alleged anti-state challenges since the Arab Spring uprisings. Ahmed Abdul Khaleq was deported on a Comoros Islands passport arranged by UAE authorities in the first such banishment by the country. He is among a group of activists whose citizenship has been revoked by UAE officials after they campaigned for reforms.
    (AP, 7/16/12)
2012        Jul 16, The UN's drugs and crime office launched a new media awareness campaign to highlight the threat posed by the multi-billion dollar operations run by organized crime groups worldwide.
    (AFP, 7/16/12)

2013        Jul 16, National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden submitted a request for temporary asylum in Russia, claiming he faces persecution from the US government and could face torture or death.
    (AP, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, The police chief of Oakland, Ca., said his force was understaffed and that officers have struggled to cope with 3 nights of protests in the wake of the acquittal of George Zimmerman in Florida. The local protests left many downtown businesses vandalized.
    (SFC, 7/17/13, p.A1)
2013        Jul 16, Rashia Wilson (27) of Tampa, Florida, was sentenced to 21 years in prison for tax fraud. She and eager associates had claimed bogus tax refunds of over $11 million.
    (http://tinyurl.com/nzj479x)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.27)
2013        Jul 16, In Afghanistan a bomb planted on a bicycle in eastern Nangarhar province killed two civilians and wounded three others.
    (AP, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, The countries that regulate Antarctic fishing faced apparent Russian objections and failed to agree on proposals to create giant marine sanctuaries in the continent's oceans.
    (AP, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, Argentina's state-controlled YPF oil company persuaded Chevron Corp. to sign a long-sought deal to invest $1.24 billion in developing the Vaca Muerta shale oil deposits.
    (AP, 7/16/13)(Econ, 11/30/13, p.36)
2013        Jul 16, Australia's PM Kevin Rudd said a deeply unpopular carbon tax will be replaced by a less-severe emissions trading scheme a year ahead of schedule, in a bid to lower power bills for households as a tight national election looms.
    (AP, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, In rough seas north of Christmas Island a boat carrying 150 people believed to be asylum seekers capsized, killing four people.
    (AP, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, Chinese authorities detained Xu Zhiyong, a well-known rights lawyer, in a move activists described as the widening of a crackdown on individuals calling for greater accountability to fight graft.
    (AP, 7/17/13)
2013        Jul 16, Congo's army says its helicopter gunships have bombarded rebel positions during a third straight day of fighting between government forces and M23 rebels.
    (AP, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, In Egypt interim Pres. Adly Mansour swore in a Cabinet that included women and Christians, but no Islamists.
    (SFC, 7/17/13, p.A3)(AP, 7/16/13)(Reuters, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, In southwestern France a neo-Nazi linked to Norwegian mass killer Anders Behring Breivik was arrested after investigators decided he might stage a large "terrorist act." Kristian Vikernes (40), who is also a convicted murderer from Norway, had in the past received a copy of a manifesto from Breivik, the far-right militant who killed 77 people in 2011.
    (Reuters, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, A majority of Greek lawmakers voted early today to lift former finance minister George Papaconstantinou's immunity from prosecution over the fate of a list of about 2,000 names provided by French authorities in 2010 as Greece's economy was struck by a major crisis.
    (AP, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, Tens of thousands of Greek workers walked off the job and rallied in front of parliament in a noisy protest against government plans to fire public sector employees to satisfy foreign lenders.
    (Reuters, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, In India 23 children died and more than two dozen others were sick in Bihar state after eating a free school lunch that was tainted with insecticide. The principal of the school was arrested on July 24, nine days after she went into hiding. In October Meena Kumari and her husband were charged with murder.
    (AP, 7/17/13)(AP, 7/18/13)(AP, 7/24/13)(AP, 10/22/13)
2013        Jul 16, Israel condemned new guidelines by the European Union which ban EU funding and cooperation with Israeli institutions that operate in territory captured by the Jewish state in the 1967 Mideast war.
    (AP, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, In Nigeria a British national was kidnapped shortly after arriving at Lagos airport. On July 22 a police superintendent said police officers have "safely and effectively" rescued the kidnapped Briton as well as two Chinese businessmen.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)(AP, 7/22/13)
2013        Jul 16, In Northern Ireland protestant youths hurled petrol bombs at police, wounding at least 27 officers in a fourth night of protests over restrictions on traditional marches.
    (Reuters, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, Spanish police said they have arrested Brian Charrington, a Briton suspected of leading a drug-trafficking organization, describing him as one of Europe's top 10 most wanted criminals. He was arrested along with his girlfriend and son as part of a police operation in which 13 people were detained between Spain and Venezuela.
    (Reuters, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, Syrian rebels poured reinforcements into a key Damascus suburb in an attempt to push back government troops who have renewed their campaign to secure the capital and build on battlefield gains elsewhere in the country.
    (Reuters, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, Pirates looted a chemical tanker and injured some of its crew off the coast of Togo. Gunmen in speedboats boarded the Marshall Islands-flagged MT Ocean Centurion and grabbed money and possessions of the ship and its crew. Togo detained Captain Sunil James and a crew member known only as Vijayan on charges of aiding the pirates.
    (Reuters, 7/18/13)(AFP, 12/19/13)
2013        Jul 16, Turkish police arrested about 30 people in Istanbul after briefly detaining more than 1,000 in a widening crackdown after weeks of violent anti-government protests.
    (Reuters, 7/16/13)
2013        Jul 16, A man and a 15-year-old boy were killed by stray bullets shot from Syria into a Turkish border town. Turkish troops returned fire, in the most serious spillover of violence in weeks.
    (Reuters, 7/17/13)
2013        Jul 16, Yemeni security officials said militants have shot dead a man (20) suspected of being gay. Saudi-born Saeed al-Shihri, a former Guantanamo Bay prisoner and No. 2 figure of AQAP, was killed in a US drone strike.
    (SFC, 7/17/13, p.A2)(Econ, 9/28/13, p.23)

2014        Jul 16, President Barack Obama announced broader sanctions against Russia, targeting two major energy firms including Rosneft, a pair of powerful financial institutions, eight weapons firms and four individuals.
    (AP, 7/17/14)(SFC, 7/17/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 16, In California three robbers fleeing a bank in Stockton took three women hostage and led police on a chase that reached speeds of 100 mph, ending when 3 people were shot dead, including hostage Misty Holt-Singh. Norteno gang members Gilbert Renteria Jr. (30) and Alex Martinez (27) were killed. Jaime Ramos (19) survived and was arrested. Police officers fired over 600 bullets into the disabled vehicle with Singh inside. In 2015 her family filed suit against the city of Stockton.
    (SFC, 7/18/14, p.D1)(SFC, 7/21/14, p.C2)(SFC, 1/21/15, p.D2)
2014        Jul 16, Texas blues legend Johnny Winter (b.1944), died while on tour in Geneva. He was known for his lightning-fast blues guitar riffs, his striking long white hair and his collaborations with the likes of Jimi Hendrix and childhood hero Muddy Waters.
    (AP, 7/17/14)
2014        Jul 16, Britain’s National Crime Agency said police have arrested 660 suspected pedophiles including doctors, teachers and care workers in a six-month operation targeting people watching indecent images online.
    (AFP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, Six Cambodian opposition politicians were charged with leading an insurrection movement after a clash with security forces who prevented their followers from rallying in a public park a day earlier.
    (AP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, Medical charity MSF said a survey of nearly 33,000 Central African refugees in neighboring Chad had shown 8 percent questioned had lost at least one member of their family. The report said refugees reported 2,599 deaths between November 2013 and April 2014.
    (Reuters, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, Vietnam said China has moved an oil rig out of waters claimed by Hanoi. Two months of drilling had triggered a near-breakdown in ties between the neighbors and led to deadly protests in Vietnam.
    (AP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, Medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said women and children are being kidnapped by armed gangs and forced to work as sex slaves in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
    (AFP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, An Egyptian court sentenced seven men to life in prison over sexual assaults at Cairo's Tahrir Square, including during celebrations marking Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's presidential election victory last month.
    (AFP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, Greek police arrested one of the country's most wanted men during a shootout in Athens' central tourist district that left four people wounded. Nikos Maziotis (43) and his wife Panagiota Roupa were convicted in absentia last year and sentenced to 25 years for participation in Revolutionary Struggle, a group active between 2003 and 2009 and best known for firing a rocket-propelled grenade into the US Embassy and bombing the Athens Stock Exchange. Roupa was still at large.
    (AP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, In Indian-controlled Kashmir an army truck collided with a taxi, outside Srinagar killing 7 people, including a pregnant woman, and triggering violent protests. An Indian border guard was killed by firing from Pakistani border officers.
    (AP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, A civil court in The Hague court cleared the Netherlands of liability in the deaths of the most of the 8,000 Bosnian Muslims slain in the July, 1995, Srebrenica massacre, but did order the nation to compensate the families of more than 300 men turned over to Bosnian Serb forces and later killed.
    (AP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan sought parliamentary approval to borrow up to $1 billion (730 million euros) in foreign loan to fight an insurgency by Boko Haram militants which has claimed thousands of lives in the past five years.
    (AFP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, In Nigeria a German worker at a technical skills training center was taken at gunpoint from his car in Gombi town of Adamawa state as he drove to work. On Jan 21, 2015, Cameroon announced the release of Nitsch Eberhard Robert following an operation by its military and allies.
    (AP, 7/17/14)(Reuters, 1/21/15)
2014        Jul 16, Pakistani military jets killed 35 suspected militants as part of an anti-Taliban offensive. A US drone strike killed 15-20 people in Datta Khel, North Waziristan.
    (Reuters, 7/16/14)(AP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, Hundreds of Palestinian families, fled, as Israel intensified airstrikes on Hamas targets. 4 Palestinian children were killed and one was critically wounded on a Gaza beach by a shell fired by an Israeli naval gunboat. The Palestinian death toll in nine days of fighting rose to 207, with some 1,450 wounded. On the Israeli side, one man was killed and several people wounded since the fighting erupted on July 8.
    (AP, 7/16/14)(Reuters, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, In the Philippines Typhoon Rammasun left some 54 people dead, knocked out power in many areas, damaged a parked plane but spared Manila when its fierce wind shifted.
    (AP, 7/16/14)(SFC, 7/17/14, p.A3)(SFC, 7/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 16, In Poland a malfunction at a power plant near Kozienice caused a leakage of fuel, prompting emergency officials to work to make sure it doesn't contaminate the nearby Vistula River.
    (AP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, A Russian security source said Russia has quietly reached a provisional agreement with Cuba on reopening a big Soviet-era base at Lourdes from which it spied in the United States.
    (Reuters, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, Russian jets reportedly shot down a Ukrainian SU-25 fighter plane that was on military operations near Amvrosiyivka, about 15 km (about 9 miles) from the border with Russia, where government forces fought to quell a pro-Russian separatist rebellion. Russia denied that it shot down the plane.
    (Reuters, 7/17/14)
2014        Jul 16, In Somalia one soldier was killed and two others injured in a car bomb explosion near the town of Qoryoley west Mogadishu.
    (AP, 7/17/14)
2014        Jul 16, Master Builders South Africa said a major strike by engineering and metal workers, which has already hit the vital auto manufacturing sector, is now disrupting building construction.
    (AFP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, Syria’s President Bashar Assad (48) was sworn in, marking the start of his third seven-year term in office. Syria's civil war, now in its fourth year, has killed more than 170,000 people and displaced one third of the country's population.
    (AP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, In western Tunisia some 40-60 militants staged two simultaneous attacks at sundown on army posts while soldiers held a Ramadan feast, killing at least 14 soldiers. The body of a 15th soldier was found on July 18.
    (AP, 7/17/14)(AFP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 16, In Ukraine fighting raged in the country’s east when separatists tried to break through the lines of government forces near the border with Russia and a tentative step towards agreeing conditions for a ceasefire failed. 11 more Ukrainian soldiers were killed in the space of 24 hours while hundreds of bodies of rebels were found in shallow graves in the former separatist stronghold of Slaviansk.
    (Reuters, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, The UN said the worsening conflict in Darfur and an influx of people fleeing war in South Sudan helped push to almost seven million the number needing aid in Sudan.
    (AFP, 7/16/14)
2014        Jul 16, The United Arab Emirates announced it will create a space agency with the aim of sending the first Arab unmanned probe to Mars by 2021.
    (AFP, 7/16/14)

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