Today in History July - 18

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64CE        Jul 18, The Great Fire of Rome began. After the fire Nero began to build his Golden House in the center of the city.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.78)(AP, 7/18/97)

1374        Jul 18, Francesco Petrarch (69), Italian poet (Italia Mia), died.
    (SSFC, 7/25/04, p.E3)

1534        Jul 18, Zacharias Ursinus, German theologian (Heidelberger Catechism), was born.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1536        Jul 18, The authority of the pope was declared void in England.
    (AP, 7/18/97)

1552        Jul 18, Rudolf II of Habsburg, emperor of Germany (1576-1612), was born.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1572        Jul 18, William of Orange was recognized as viceroy of Holland, Friesland and Utrecht.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1610        Jul 18, Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (b.1571), Italian artist, died in Porto Ercole at age 38. His paintings included “David With the Head of Goliath," in which he used his own image for Goliath. In 1999 Helen Langdon authored the biography: "Caravaggio: A Life." In 2000 Peter Robb authored the biography: "M: The Man Who Became Caravaggio." In 2010 Andrew Graham-Dixon authored “Caravaggio: A Life Sacred and Profane."
    (Econ, 2/26/05, p.82)(WSJ, 5/4/05, p.D8)(http://tinyurl.com/8jjs6)(SFC, 7/22/10, p.79)

1670        Jul 18, Giovanni Battista Bononcini, Italian (opera) composer, was born.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1716        Jul 18, A decree ordered all Jews expelled from Brussels.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1721        Jul 18, Jean Antoine Watteau (b.1684), French rococo painter, died. His work included "Le Mezzetin."
    (WUD, 1994 p.1614)(MC, 10/10/01)(MC, 7/18/02)

1737        Jul 18, The Turkish army beat the Austrians in the Battle at Banja Luka.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1770        Jul 18, Isabel Godin, having traveled from Ecuador the length of the Amazon, reunited with her husband Jean Godin in French Guiana.
    (ON, 5/05, p.4)

1781        Jul 18, Yuma Indians in southern California ambushed Spanish Capt. Fernando Rivera y Moncada and his soldiers. Rivera had been ordered to recruit settlers in Sinaloa and Sonora and lead them through the desert over the Anza trail to a new settlement called Los Angeles. Rivera and all his soldiers were killed.
    (SFC, 12/13/14, p.C2)

1792        Jul 18, American naval hero John Paul Jones died in Paris at age 45. His body was preserved in rum in case the American government wished him back. In 1905 his body was transported to the US and placed in a crypt in Annapolis. In 2003 Evan Thomas authored "John Paul Jones: Sailor, Hero, Father of the American Navy."
    (AP, 7/18/97)(SSFC, 6/22/03, p.M3)

1789        Jul 18, Robespierre, a deputy from Arras, France, decided to back the French Revolution.
    (HN, 7/18/98)

1811        Jul 18, William Makepeace Thackeray (d.1863), English novelist and satirist, was born. His books were published as monthly serials. "Next to excellence is the appreciation of it."
    (HN, 7/18/98)(AP, 10/28/00)

1812        Jul 18, Great Britain signed the Treaty of Orebro, making peace with Russia and Sweden.
    (HN, 7/18/98)

1814        Jul 18, British capture Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1817        Jul 18, Jane Austen (b.1775), English writer, died at age 41. In 1869 her nephew James Edward Austen-Leigh published “A Memoir of Jane Austen."
    (SFEC,11/9/97, BR p.3)(www.pemberley.com/janeinfo/janelife.html)(ON, 12/09, p.8)

1830        Jul 18, Uruguay adopted a liberal constitution.
    (HN, 7/18/98)

1861        Jul 18, Union and Confederate troops skirmished at Blackburn's Ford, Virginia, in a prelude to the Battle of Bull Run.
    (HN, 7/18/98)

1848        Jul 18, W.G. Grace (d.1915), British cricket player, was born in Bristol. He has been widely acknowledged as the greatest cricket player of all time.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._G._Grace)

1863        Jul 18, A 2nd assault in the Battle of Fort Wagner, SC, left US1500 and CS174 casualties. Union troops of the Massachusetts 54th Infantry assaulted Battery Wagner on Morris Island in the harbor at Charleston, SC. The ultimately unsuccessful attack, the 1st major engagement by a unit of freed black soldiers, was later celebrated in the 1989 film “Glory."
    (www.awod.com/cwchas/wagner.html)(LP, Spring 2006, p.58)
1863        Jul 18, William Dorsey Pender (29), US Confederate gen-maj, died of injuries.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1864        Jul 18, President Lincoln asked for 500,000 volunteers for military service.
    (MC, 7/18/02)
1864        Jul 18, Confederate Brig. Gen. John Bell Hood (33), commanding a corps under Gen. Johnston, was promoted to the temporary rank of full general, and given command of the Army of Tennessee just outside the gates of Atlanta.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bell_Hood)

1870        Jul 18, Pontifical infallibility was proclaimed at the Vatican Council. It proclaimed as dogma that the Pope when speaking ex cathedra can make no mistake in solemn declarations of what must be believed in matters of faith and morals. The 20th ecumenical council, soon adjourned due to the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War.
    (PTA, 1980, p.510)(MC, 7/18/02)

1872        Jul 18, Britain introduced the Ballot Act for voting by secret ballot. [see Aug. 15]
    (AP, 7/18/97)(HN, 7/18/98)
1872        Jul 18, Benito Juarez (66), general (battle of Acapulco) and Pres. of Mexico (1858-1872), died of a heart attack in the National Palace.
    (MC, 7/18/02)(WSJ, 8/13/97, p.A12)

1877        Jul 18, Thomas Edison recorded the human voice for the first time. He shouted “Haloo" into a mouthpiece and played back a moving tape.
    (HN, 7/18/01)(ON, 2/07, p.11)

1887        Jul 18, Vidkum Quisling, Norwegian minister of Defense, premier (1942-45), was born. He was considered a traitor to his country for allowing an easy takeover by Nazi Germany.
    (HN, 7/18/98)(MC, 7/18/02)

1890        Jul 18, Charles Wilson, Pres. of General Motors (1940-53), Sec. of Defense (1953-57), was born.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1892        Jul 18, Thomas Cook (83), English tour director (Thomas Cook & Son), died.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1894        Jul 18, Charles Marie Leconte de Lisle (born 1818), French poet, died.
    (MC, 7/18/02)(WUD, 1994, p.817)

1899        Jul 18, Horatio Alger Jr. (67), American clergyman, author (Disagreeable Woman), died. His books, reissued in cheaper editions, became huge bestsellers. In 1928 Herbert Mayes authored a biography that was highly fabricated. In 1985 Gary Scharnhorst and Jack Bales authored "The Lost Life of Horatio Alger, Jr."
    (WSJ, 8/27/03, p.B1)(MC, 7/18/02)

1902        Jul 18, Charles W.J. Mengelberg, Dutch composer, conductor, was born.
    (MC, 7/18/02)
1902        Jul 18, Jessamyn West, American author (The Friendly Persuasion), was born.
    (HN, 7/18/01)

1906        Jul 18, S.I. Hayakawa, (Sen-R-CA), educator (Language in Action), was born.
    (MC, 7/18/02)
1906        Jul 17, American playwright Clifford Odets was born in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 7/18/06)

1907        Jul 18, Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies of 1907," premiered in NYC. [see Jul 8]
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1908        Jul 18, Lupe Velez (d.1944), film star, was born in San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Her over 40 films included “The Gaucho" (1927).
    (www.imdb.com/name/nm0892473/)(www.youtube.com/watch?v=mArs7CMZYtg)

1909        Jul 18, Andrei Gromyko, USSR diplomat and President (1985-89), was born. [see Jul 5]
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1911        Jul 18, Hume Cronyn, actor (World According to Garp, Cocoon), was born in London, Ontario.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1913        Jul 18, Richard "Red" Skelton, legendary clown, was born in Vincennes, Ind. During a career that stretched through medicine shows, vaudeville, motion pictures, radio and television, the gentle Skelton created a beloved host of characters from the silent tramp Freddie the Freeloader (shown at left) to the Mean Widdle Kid, who coined the catch phrase, "I dood it!" Skelton's sentimental humor, so popular in the '40s, '50s and '60s, did not change with the times and in 1970, CBS canceled The Red Skelton Show. Skelton refused to retire, touring the college lecture circuit and painting clown faces that sold for as much as $80,000. Red Skelton died at age 84 on September 17, 1997.
    (HNPD, 7/18/98)(MC, 7/18/02)

1914        Jul 18, US army air service 1st came into being as part of the Signal Corps.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1918        Jul 18, Nelson Mandela (d.2013), later anti-apartheid leader and president of South Africa, was born in the Umtata district of Transkei. Prior to becoming president he served 18 of 27 years in jail on Robben Island.
    (WP, 6/29/96, p.A20)(SFC, 9/5/96, p.A10)(SFC, 12/6/13, p.A18)
1918        Jul 18, During World War I, American and French forces launched a counteroffensive against the Germans during the Second Battle of the Marne.
    (AP, 7/18/08)

1921        Jul 18, John Glenn, Jr., first man to orbit the Earth, was born in Cambridge, OH.
    (HN, 7/18/98)(MC, 7/18/02)
1921            Jul 18, The prosecution gave its opening remarks in the trial of the Chicago Black Sox, accused of throwing the 1919 World Series.
    (www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/blacksox/chronology.html)

1922        Jul 18, A fire began at the Manufacturers Transit Company’s 7-storey warehouse on Jane St. in Greenwich Village, NYC. Explosions erupted and newspapers called it “the Greenwich Village Volcano." 2 firemen were killed. A final eruption destroyed 2 houses on  Jul 23. Assistant fire chief “Smokey Joe" Martin (d.1945) directed the fire fighting efforts.
    (ON, 4/03, p.8)

1925        Jul 18, Hitler published "Mein Kampf" (My Struggle). It became the bible for the Nazi Party. The book is filled with anti-Semitic writings, a disdain for morality, worship of power, and the blueprints for world domination.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1927        Jul 18, Ty Cobb hit safely for the 4,000th time in his career.
    (AP, 7/18/97)

1929        Jul 18, Screamin' Jay Hawkins, American blues singer, was born.
    (HN, 7/18/01)

1930        Jul 18, American Sugar Refining Company, American Tobacco B, Atlantic Refining, General Railway Signal, Goodrich, Nash Motors and Curtiss-Wright were removed as components of the Dow Jones. Borden, Eastman Kodak, Goodyear, Ligget & Myers, Standard Oil of California, United Air Transport and Hudson Motor were added to the DJIA.
    (WSJ, 4/2/04, p.C1)(WSJ, 4/8/04, p.C4)

1932        Jul 18, The United States and Canada signed a treaty to develop the St. Lawrence Seaway.
    (AP, 7/18/97)

1933        Jul 18, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet, was born in Zima, Russia.
    (HN, 7/18/01)(MC, 7/18/02)

1934        Jul 18, Cotton-mill workers in the US south went on strike. The UTW locals in the northern part of Alabama launched a strike in Huntsville, Alabama, then spread to Florence, Anniston, Gadsden, and Birmingham. While the strike was popular, it was also ineffective: many employers welcomed it as a means of cutting their expenses, since they had warehouses full of unsold goods. A documentary called the "Uprising of ‘34" was made in 1995 and scheduled for PBS on 6/27/95.
    (WSJ, 6/13/95, p.A-1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textile_workers_strike_%281934%29)

1935        Jul 18, Annie Smith Peck (b.1850), one of the world’s renowned mountain climbers, died in New York. In 1932 she authored “Flying over South America: Twenty Thousand Miles by Air."
    (www.britannica.com/women/articles/Peck_Annie_Smith.html)
1935        Jul 18, Ethiopian King Haile Selassie urged his countrymen to fight to the last man against the invading Italian army. He had previously warned the League of Nations of the dangers of appeasement.
    (HN, 7/18/98)

1936        Jul 17, Gen. Francisco Franco was flown from the Canary Island, where he served as military governor, to Spanish Morocco where he led a rebellion against the elected Popular Front. This began the Spanish civil war. The first word of the rebellion was reported by Lester Ziffren (1906-2007) of the United Press. The rebel Nationalist movement under Francisco Franco gained support from the fascist regimes in Italy and Germany in opposition.
    (SFC, 11/12/96, p.A12)(SFC, 7/13/01, WBb p.3)(WSJ, 11/24/07, p.A8)

1937        Jul 18, Hunter S. Thompson (d.2005), journalist, was born in Louisville, Ky.
    (SFC, 2/21/05, p.A8)(www.nndb.com/people/312/000022246/)

1938        Jul 18, Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrived in Ireland. He had left NY for Calif. [see Jul 17]
    (MC, 7/18/02)
1938        Jul 18, Vladimir M. Kirshon (35), Russian playwright, was executed.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1939        Jul 18, Edwin H. Armstrong (1890-1954), US radio engineer, started the 1st FM (frequency modulation) radio station in Alpine, NJ.
    (SSFC, 10/24/04, Par p.5)

1940        Jul 18, The Democratic national convention in Chicago nominated President Roosevelt for an unprecedented third term in office.
    (AP, 7/18/00)
1940        Jul 18, The 1st successful helicopter flight was made at Stratford, Ct.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1941        Jul 18, SS troops drowned 40 Jews in Dvina River in Belorussia.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1942        Jul 18, The German Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe, the first jet-propelled aircraft to fly in combat, made its first flight. Walter Nowotny was a rising your star in the Luftwaffe, chosen by Hitler to be the point man to lead the new jet fighter under the tutelage of General of Fighters Adolf Galland who was assigned to prove the airplane in battle. The Axis hopes were dashed when Nowotny was attacked by American pilots during landing and crashed. Col. Edward R. "Buddy" Haydon was one of those American pilots.
    (www.fighter-planes.com/info/me262.htm)(HNQ, 9/2/02)

1943        Jul 18, The US Navy airship K-74 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire from a German U-boat.
    (HN, 7/18/98)
1943        Jul 18, There was a British assault on Catania, Sicily.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1944        Jul 18, U.S. troops capture Saint-Lo, France, ending the battle of the hedgerows.
    (HN, 7/18/98)
1944        Jul 18, British Mosquitos attacked Cologne and Berlin.
    (MC, 7/18/02)
1944        Jul 18, Hideki Tojo was removed as Japanese premier and war minister because of setbacks suffered by his country in World War II.
    (AP, 7/18/97)

1947        Jul 18, President Truman signed the Presidential Succession Act, which placed the Speaker of the House and the Senate President Pro Tempore next in the line of succession after the vice president.
    (HFA, '96, p.34)(AP, 7/18/97)
1947        Jul 18, An African American patient, code-named CAL-3, was unwittingly injected with plutonium in a SF hospital as part of a treatment for apparent bone cancer.
    (SFEC, 10/31/99, BR p.3)
1947        Jul 18, King George VI signed the Indian Independence Bill. In 2008 Peter Clarke authored “The Lat Thousand Days of the British Empire.
    (http://indiainteracts.com/columnist/2007/08/15/The-60-days-to-Aug-15-1947India-at-60/)(WSJ, 6/20/08, p.A11)
1947        Jul 18, British seized the "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine. The British Royal Navy intercepted the ship President Warfield, which had been renamed Exodus by its passengers, forcing the 4,000 Jewish would-be immigrants aboard back to Displaced Person camps in Germany. Britain was still the ruling power in Palestine, which was being wracked by conflict resulting from Jewish national aspirations. The return of the Jewish immigrants, many of them survivors of Nazi persecution, heightened anti-British sentiment among Jews in Palestine and elsewhere. Yossi Harel, commander of the Exodus, died in 2008 at age 90.
    (MC, 7/18/02)(HNQ, 12/4/98)(AP, 4/26/08)

1950        Jul 18, Richard Branson, British music entrepreneur (Virgin Atlantic), was born.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Richard_Branson)
1950        Jul 18, Carl Clinton Van Doren (b.1885), US literary critic and biographer, died in Torrington, Connecticut.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Clinton_Van_Doren)

1951        Jul 18, Pope Pius XII established the Archdiocese of Seattle and named Rev. Thomas A. Connolly as its 1st archbishop.
    (SFC, 7/13/01, WBb p.6)

1954        Jul 18,  Coded messages were delivered to Israeli agents via Israel Radio   to blow up a number of buildings in Egypt in order to delay Britain’s departure from the Suez Canal. They planned to blame the acts on Muslim radicals but the plan was uncovered. This came to be known as the Lavan Affair after Pinhas Lavan, leader of Unit 13, refused to accept responsibility on the grounds that the operation was conducted without his knowledge. The events are documented in "Ben Gurion’s Spy" (1996) by Shabtai Teveth.
    (WSJ, 8/9/96, p.A5c)

1955        Jul 18, A summit opened in Geneva, Switzerland, attended by Pres. Eisenhower, Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin, British PM Anthony Eden and French Premier Edgar Faure.
    (AP, 7/18/05)
1955        Jul 18, 1st electric power generated from atomic energy was sold commercially.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1961        Jul 18, In Spain ETA’s first violent action tried to derail a train carrying supporters of dictator Gen. Francisco Franco.
    (AP, 3/22/06)

1964        Jul 18, Riots erupted in the African American communities of NYC and Rochester, NY. The NYC race riot began in Harlem and spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant in Brooklyn.
    (SSFC, 6/9/02, p.F5)(MC, 7/18/02)

1965        Jul 18, US Adm. Jeremiah Denton (1924-2014) was shot down over North Vietnam as he flew in on the Thanh Hoa Bridge on the Ma River. He spent the next seven years and seven months in prison camps. In 1976 he wrote a memoir with Ed Brandt “When Hell Was in Session" of his ordeal. It was made into a 1979 TV movie.
    (SFC, 3/29/14, p.C6)

1968        Jul 18, Intel was incorporated as N M Electronics (the letters standing for Noyce and Moore), but quickly changed its name to Intel, formed from the first syllables of the words integrated and electronics.
    (http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_gx5202/is_2004/ai_n19123399)
1968        Jul 18, The UK enacted sanctions against Rhodesia for a 2nd time.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1687)(http://tinyurl.com/c5kcs9)

1969        Jul 18, A car driven by Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (1932-2009), D-Mass., plunged off a bridge on Chappaquiddick Island near Martha's Vineyard. His passenger, 28-year-old Mary Jo Kopechne, died. Kennedy did not report the accident until it was discovered 9 hours later.
    (TMC, 1994, p.1969)(AP, 7/18/97)(Econ, 8/29/09, p.30)

1970        Jul 18, Arthur Brown was arrested for stripping on stage in Palermo, Sicily.
    (MC, 7/18/02)

1971        Jul 18, New Zealand and Australia announced they would pull their troops out of Vietnam.
    (HN, 7/18/98)

1972        Jul 18, Egypt’s President Sadat demanded that the USSR withdraw all military advisors from Egypt.
    (http://files.osa.ceu.hu/holdings/300/8/3/text/67-5-236.shtml)

1973        Jul 18, Jack Hawkins (b.1910), English actor, died in London. His films included “Ben Hur" and “Bridge Over River Kwai." His autobiography, “Anything For a Quiet Life," was published after his death.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Hawkins)

1976        Jul 18, In Argentina Dios Murias (b.1945), a Franciscan friar, was kidnapped by federal police along with French priest Gabriel Longueville. Murias was shut inside the El Chamical air base and two days later was found lying in the middle of a field dead, with his eyes gouged out and his hands cut off.
    (SSFC, 3/24/13, p.A4)(http://tinyurl.com/b7vp9v5)

1978        Jul 18, Cyrus Vance (1917-2002), US Sec. of State, met with the Egyptian and Israeli Foreign Ministers at Leeds Castle, England.
    (www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/trvl/ls/13038.htm)

1980        Jul 18, A US Federal court voided the Selective Service Act as it didn’t include women. The issue was resolved on June 25, 1981, when the Supreme Court ruled in Rostker v. Goldberg that “that Congress acted well within its constitutional authority when it authorized the registration of men, and not women."
    (www.american.edu/dgolash/rostker.htm)
1980        Jul 18, India became the eighth country to demonstrate it could send a satellite to orbit above Earth with the launch of the satellite Rohini 1 on a Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV) rocket in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
    (www.spacetoday.org/Satellites/Iran/IranianSat.html)(NG, 5/88, p.598)

1982        Jul 18, In Guatemala soldiers and paramilitary troops massacred 267 people in the remote hamlet of Plan de Sanchez. In 2001 local communities filed genocide charges against  congressional head Efrain Rios Montt, who was the dictator at the time of the massacre. In 2005 Guatemala apologized for the government-directed massacre of 226 people in Plan de Sanchez.
    (SFC, 6/6/01, p.C3)(SFC, 6/14/01, p.A15)(AP, 7/19/05)

1984        Jul 18, Walter F. Mondale won the Democratic presidential nomination in San Francisco.
    (AP, 7/18/99)
1984        Jul 18, James Huberty (41) opened fire at a McDonald's fast-food restaurant in San Ysidro, Calif., killing 21 people before being shot dead by police.
    (AP, 7/18/97)(SFC, 4/17/07, p.A8)

1986        Jul 17, The world got its first look at the remains of the Titanic as videotapes of the British luxury liner, which sank in 1912, were released by researchers from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
    (AP, 7/18/06)

1987        Jul 18, President Reagan used his weekly radio address to call on Congress to give more aid to the Nicaraguan Contras.
    (AP, 7/18/97)
1987        Jul 18, Molly Yard was elected the new president of the National Organization for Women, succeeding Eleanor Smeal.
    (AP, 7/18/97)

1988        Jul 18, Texas Treasurer Ann Richards delivered the keynote address at the Democratic national convention in Atlanta, needling Republican nominee-apparent George Bush as having been "born with a silver foot in his mouth."
    (HN, 7/18/98)

1989        Jul 18, Actress Rebecca Schaeffer (21) was shot to death at her Los Angeles home by obsessed fan Robert Bardo, who was later sentenced to life in prison.
    (AP, 7/18/99)

1990        Jul 18, Dr. Karl Menninger, the dominant figure in American psychiatry for six decades, died in Topeka, Kansas, four days short of his 97th birthday.
    (AP, 7/18/00)

1991        Jul 18, Socialist Party leader Andre Cools was murdered. Cools had worked for more regional autonomy for Wallonia, the French-speaking southern half of Belgium, and the Dutch-speaking Flanders. The murder was believed to be done by hit men after Cools threatened to reveal certain underworld activities. 6 men were convicted for the murder in 2004.
    (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A11)(AP, 1/7/04)
1991        Jul 18, Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon demanded the release of two Lebanese brothers being held in Germany, warning there could be "grave consequences."
    (AP, 7/18/01)

1992        Jul 18, Britain's opposition Labor Party chose John Smith as its leader, replacing Neil Kinnock (b.1942). Kinnock had led the opposition since 1983.
    (AP, 7/18/97)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Kinnock)
1992        Jul 18, In Peru 9 students and a univ. teacher were killed at La Cantuta Univ. Later retired Gen’l. Rodolfo Robles charged that an army death squad, the Colina Group, was responsible. Death squad members were convicted and then released in a 1995 general amnesty. In 2008 a former general and three members of a military death squad were found guilty of participating in the kidnapping and murder.
    (SFC, 11/27/96, p.A13)(SFC, 12/2/96, p.A14)(SFC, 8/23/01, p.A8)(AP, 4/9/08)

1993        Jul 18, FBI Director William Sessions continued to resist White House suggestions he step down, saying he would resign only if President Clinton asked him to. Sessions was fired by Clinton the next day.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
1993        Jul 18, In Pakistan Shariq and Ishaq Khan resigned under army pressure. An interim government, headed by former world bank VP Moeen Qureshi, called for new elections.
    (SFC, 1/30/97, p.A9)

1994        Jul 18, Crayola announced the introduction of scented crayons.
    (www.nomenu.com/MDArchives/Vol17/m17d005.html)
1994        Jul 18, In Buenos Aires a terrorist attack killed 85 people at the city’s Jewish Center, the Argentine Israelite Mutual Aid Society (AMIA). Some 300 people were injured. In 1996 three senior policemen and a retired officer were charged in connection to the bombing. Iran denied any role. Police inspector, Juan Jose Ribelli, accepted a $2.5 million several days before the attack for providing the car in which the bomb exploded. It was later revealed that he and his colleagues sold protection to car thieves in return for stolen goods. In 2000 Ahmad Behbahani (32) told a 60 Minutes journalist from a refugee camp in Turkey that Iran was behind the 1994 bombing in Argentina. In 2002 it was reported that Iran paid Pres. Menem $10 million to cover up Iran’s involvement. In 2004 a federal court acquitted 5 men of being accessories to the bombing. [see Nov 9, 2005] In 2009 a court ruled that Carlos Alberto Telledin, accused of loading the van with explosives, should be tried again for his participation in the bombing. In 2015 ex-President Carlos Menem, a former top judge and several other officials went on trial for allegedly derailing the investigation.
    (WSJ, 8/1/96 p.A1)(WSJ, 11/24/97, p.A1)(SFC,12/9/97, p.B10)(HN, 7/18/98)(SFC, 6/6/00, p.A10)(SFC, 7/22/02, p.A1)(SFC, 9/3/04, p.A18)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)(SSFC, 12/20/09, p.A31)(AP, 8/6/15)
1994        Jul 18, In Rwanda the Tutsi rebel movement (RPF) under Tutsi rebel leader Paul Kagame took power. It promised to rebuild the courts and execute the guilty for the slaughter of an estimated 500-800 thousand Tutsis. Two million refugees, mostly Hutus, fled to refugee camps in Zaire and Tanzania. Kagame studied at the US Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth in 1990. In 2005 Jean Hatzfeld, French journalist, authored “Machete Season: The Killers in Rwanda Speak."
    (SFC, 417/96, p.A-9)(SFC, 8/9/96, p.A10)(SFC, 10/22/96, p.B1)(WSJ, 11/15/96, p.A16)(AP, 7/18/99)(SSFC, 6/26/05, p.C3)

1995        Jul 18, US Senate Republicans opened a new round of Whitewater hearings.
    (AP, 7/18/00)
1995        Jul 18, Opening statements were presented in the trial of Susan Smith, the South Carolina woman charged with drowning her two young sons.
    (AP, 7/18/00)

1996        Jul 18, Recovery efforts continued off Long Island, N.Y., for the bodies of the 230 people who died in the fiery crash of TWA Flight 800; President Clinton urged Americans not to immediately assume the crash was the work of terrorists.
    (AP, 7/18/97)
1996        Jul 18, In Sri Lanka 4,000 Tamil rebels overran a military base 175 miles NE of Colombo and overcame 1,200 defenders.
    (WSJ, 7/19/96, p.A1)

1997        Jul 18, Representative George Miller of Martinez, Ca., demanded a full accounting by the federal EPA concerning inspections of the Central Valley dairies, where dairy waste was threatening underground water supplies.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A1,13)
1997        Jul 18, Federal agents in California arrested eight seafood importers accused of smuggling contaminated seafood by bribing customs brokers and FDA inspectors.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A15,18)
1997        Jul 18, German businessman Thomas Kramer was slapped with a record $323,000 penalty by the Federal Election Commission for making illegal U.S. political contributions.
    (HN, 7/18/98)
1997        Jul 18, All key systems on the Russian space station Mir returned to near-normal, about 24 hours after the already disabled spacecraft had lost power.
    (HN, 7/18/98)
1997        Jul 18, Sir James Goldsmith (b.2/26/33), British-French financier and corporate raider, died in Spain at age 64.
    (SFEC, 7/20/97, p.B6)
1997        Jul 18, In Cambodia Prince Ranariddh called off armed resistance and proposed a caretaker government and new elections.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A8)
1997        Jul 18, In Mexico police arrested Orlando Arroyo Palaces, aka "Long Hair," in San Luis Rio Colorado for the murder of journalist Flores Gonzalez. He had been supposedly hired by Ishmael Guttered, brother of Jaime Gonzalez Gutters, who was arrested last month.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A11)
1997        Jul 18, In Northern Ireland the Sinn Fein party urged its allies in the IRA to call a cease fire.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A8)
1997        Jul 18, In the Philippines the government signed a general cease-fire with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, the country's 2nd largest Muslim rebel group.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A11)
1997        Jul 18, In Sierra Leone leaders of the ruling junta pledged to implement an immediate cease fire and to restore constitutional government.
    (SFC, 7/19/97, p.A11)

1998        Jul 18, Residents along the northern coast of Papua New Guinea were left reeling after a 23-foot-high tidal wave hit the night before, killing an estimated 3,000.
    (AP, 7/18/99)
1998        Jul 18, South African President Nelson Mandela capped his 80th birthday by marrying Graca Machel, the widow of a Mozambican president and black liberation leader.
    (AP, 7/18/08)
1998        Jul 18, The Yugoslav army claimed that 30 rebels were killed while infiltrating from Albania. A 4-day battle began at Orahovac and the bodies of 58 ethnic Albanians were buried. It was later alleged that most were buried in a mass grave at an alleged garbage dump.
    (SFEC, 7/19/98, p.A6)(SFC, 8/6/93, p.A14)

1999        Jul 18, David Cone of the New York Yankees pitched a perfect game against the Montreal Expos, leading his team to a 6-to-0 victory.
    (AP, 7/18/00)
1999        Jul 18, Paul Lawrie won the British Open after Jean Van de Velde triple-bogeyed on the 72nd hole.
    (AP, 7/18/00)
1999        Jul 18, Authorities looking into the disappearance of the plane carrying John F. Kennedy Junior, his wife and sister-in-law announced that the "search and rescue" operation had become "search and recovery."
    (AP, 7/18/00)
1999        Jul 18, US air strikes in southern Iraq killed 14 civilians and wounded 17 others according to the Iraqi military.
    (SFC, 7/19/99, p.A10)
1999        Jul 18, British ambassador Nick Browne presented his credentials to Pres. Khatami of Iran following a decade-long break in relations.
    (SFC, 7/19/99, p.A12)(SFC, 2/9/02, p.A9)

2000        Jul 18, Shrugging off a veto threat from President Clinton, the Senate voted 61-to-38 in favor of eliminating the so-called "marriage penalty" by cutting taxes for virtually every married couple.
    (AP, 7/18/01)   
2000        Jul 18, Sen. Paul Coverdell (Republican, Georgia) died in Atlanta at age 61 from a cerebral hemorrhage.
    (SFC, 7/19/00, p.A3)(AP, 7/18/01)
2000        Jul 18, In Angola rebels abducted 14 church workers and as many as 20 civilians from the Swiss mission of Our Lady of La Salette in Dunde.
    (SFC, 7/20/00, p.C3)
2000        Jul 18, Chinese Pres. Jiang Zemin and Russia’s Pres. Putin denounced the US proposed missile defense program as a violation of the 1972 ABM treaty. They also vowed to strengthen a strategic partnership between their countries.
    (SFC, 7/19/00, p.A10)

2001        Jul 18, Pres. Bush landed in England to meet with PM Tony Blair prior to the G-8 summit in Genoa.
    (SFC, 7/19/01, p.A10)
2001        Jul 18, The FAA warned of an overseas threat and urged the "highest" level of caution.
    (SFC, 5/17/02, p.A1)
2001        Jul 18, In Baltimore a 60-car CSX freight train carrying hazardous materials derailed and caught fire in a tunnel near Camden Yards. 54 cars burned and phone cables were melted. The last burning car was pulled out July 23.
    (SFC, 7/19/01, p.A3)(WSJ, 7/20/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A4)
2001        Jul 18, Thunderstorms in southwestern Ohio killed 3 people.
    (SFC, 7/19/01, p.A6)
2001        Jul 18, In Texas a natural gas well exploded in Buffalo and 2 people were killed.
    (SFC, 7/19/01, p.A6)
2001        Jul 18, Mimi Farina, folksinger and founder of the Bread and Roses charity, died at age 56. She was the sister of Joan Baez. She and Richard Farina (d.1966), her 1st husband, wrote the song "Pack Up Your Sorrows."
    (SFC, 7/19/01, p.A25)
2001        Jul 18, In Egypt a trial began for 52 men arrested on charges of obscene behavior and contempt of religion. The men were arrested May 11 at the Queen Boat nightclub in Cairo. On Nov 14, 23 men were sentenced up to 5 years in prison and 29 were acquitted. In 2002 Pres. Mubarak tossed out the verdicts against all but 2 of the 52 defendants.
    (SFC, 7/18/01, p.A12)(SFC, 11/15/01, p.A19)(SFC, 5/31/02, p.A13)
2001        Jul 18, In Nigeria a 30-member robbery gang killed up to 22 people in the town of Awkuzu in Anambra state. They began with the house of Francis Okafor, a vigilante member.
    (SFC, 7/21/01, p.E2)
2001        Jul 18, It was reported that Osman Durmus, the Health Minister in Turkey, had introduced regulations for state schools to expel non-virgin girls training as health workers.
    (SFC, 7/19/01, p.A11)

2002        Jul 18, Accused Sept. 11 conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui tried to plead guilty to charges that could have brought the death penalty, but a federal judge in Alexandria, Va., insisted he take time to think about it.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2002        Jul 18, US Army Sec. Thomas White defended his sale of $12 million in Enron stock before the company went bust. Records showed that he had made 77 phone calls to Enron in the 10 months ending Feb 2002.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A3)
2002        Jul 18, The California Supreme Court ruled that the state's marijuana law can help pot smokers avoid being tried for drug offenses.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 18, It was reported that drought in western US states was causing the biggest grasshopper invasion in 50 years. Nebraska was among the hardest hit.
    (SFC, 7/18/02, p.A2)
2002        Jul 18, Bob Pittman stepped down as chief operating officer of AOL Time Warner in a shake-up at the world's largest media company.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2002        Jul 18, A Canadian Forces helicopter crashed in a remote region of Labrador, killing two pilots and injuring two other helicopter personnel.
    (Reuters, 7/18/02)
2002        Jul 18, Rebels attacked a central Colombian town and clashed with police in an hours long battle, leaving four civilians and four rebels dead and destroying dozens of houses and government buildings.
    (AP, 7/18/02)
2002        Jul 18, In Germany Chancellor Schroeder fired defense minister Rudolf Scharping for accepting some $72,000 in payments from a public relations firm.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A18)
2002        Jul 18, Greek police reported the capture of Alexandros Giotopoulos (58), the alleged head of the November 17 terror group. Police also reported confessions from members Christodoulos Xiros and brother Vassilis Xiros to bombings and assassinations.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A14)
2002        Jul 18, In India legislators elected Abdul Kalam, father of their nuclear missile program, as the country's 12th president.
    (WSJ, 7/19/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 18, In India separatist guerrillas ambushed a police convoy in Dijungmukh, Assam state, and 7 police officers were killed.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A16)
2002        Jul 18, In Pakistan Anwar Kenneth (40), a Christian, was convicted of blasphemy and sentenced to death by hanging. He had called Islam a fake religion and said he was Jesus Christ.
    (SFC, 7/19/02, p.A16)
2002        Jul 18, In western Uganda a fuel truck and a bus collided, killing more than 60 people in a fiery explosion near Lutoto.
    (AP, 7/19/02)(SFC, 7/19/02, p.A16)

2003        Jul 18, The Bush administration declassified an 8-page part of the October, 2002, National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) dubbed key judgments in the wake of criticism on intelligence used to justify the war in Iraq.
    (WSJ, 2/10/06, p.A4)
2003        Jul 18, Basketball star Kobe Bryant was charged with sexually assaulting a 19-year-old woman at a Colorado spa; Bryant denied the charge, saying he was guilty only of adultery. Prosecutors later dropped the case.
    (AP, 7/18/08)
2003        Jul 18, Scientists reported the discovery of a link between a seratonin-controlling gene and depression.
    (SFC, 7/18/03, p.A23)(WSJ, 7/18/03, p.A1)
2003        Jul 18, Eight Afghan soldiers were killed when their vehicle was blown apart by a remote controlled mine.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2003        Jul 18, The body of British scientist David Kelly, a weapons expert at the center of a storm over British intelligence on Iraq, was found a day after he'd committed suicide.
    (AP, 7/18/08)
2003        Jul 18, The Philippine government announced a cease-fire deal with a Muslim rebel group.
    (AP, 7/18/03)
2003        Jul 18, Zimbabwe government inspectors and police ordered bakeries to pay fines Friday for violating price controls.
    (AP, 7/18/03)

2004        Jul 18, The political film “Outfoxed" premiered at over 3,000 house parties nationwide. Funding and distribution were done by the liberal online hub MoveOn.org: “We watch Fox so you don’t have to."
    (SFC, 7/19/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 18, A spokesman said California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger would not apologize for mocking certain lawmakers as "girlie men," despite criticisms from Democrats that the remark was sexist and homophobic.
    (AP, 7/18/05)
2004        Jul 18, Anne Gorsuch Burford (62), Former Environmental Protection Agency chief, died in Aurora, Colo.
    (AP, 7/18/05)
2004        Jul 18, Bolivians voted in favor of exporting the nation's vast natural gas reserves in a referendum designed by the president to defuse social unrest. Voters mandated higher taxes and greater government control over oil and gas.
    (AP, 7/19/04)(Econ, 7/24/04, p.36)(Econ, 4/23/05, p.38)
2004        Jul 18, Idjarruri Karaja (40), an activist who worked to include Indian rights in Brazil's constitution, died of complications from kidney surgery.
    (AP, 7/20/04)
2004        Jul 18, In Chechnya Tamara Khadzhiyeva of United Russia, a local leader of Russia's main pro-presidential party, was fatally shot in Shali. The region's prosecutor said it was a contract killing linked to next month's presidential election.
    (AP, 7/18/04)
2004        Jul 18, Militants killed Essam al-Dijaili, the head of Iraq’s military's supply department, in a drive-by shooting as he walked into his house in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/19/04)
2004        Jul 18, American jets hit a position in Fallujah purportedly used by foreign militants, demolishing a house and killing 14 people.
    (AP, 7/18/04)
2004        Jul 18, Mexico and Cuba said they will reinstate ambassadors in each other's countries at the end of the month.
    (AP, 7/18/04)
2004        Jul 18, In Nepal Maoist guerrillas abducted at least 50 students and a dozen teachers from a school near the capital to try to force them to back a campaign against the constitutional monarchy.
    (AP, 7/19/04)
2004        Jul 18, Gunmen angry over Yasser Arafat's overhaul of his security forces burned down Palestinian Authority offices in Gaza.
    (AP, 7/18/04)
2004        Jul 18, Pedro Santana Lopes was sworn in as PM of Portugal's 16th constitutional government at a ceremony with President Jorge Sampaio.
    (AP, 7/18/04)
2004        Jul 18, Economists and international donors said mismanagement in Zimbabwe by Pres. Robert Mugabe's regime is behind an annual inflation rate now close to 400 percent.
    (AP, 7/18/04)

2005        Jul 18, President Bush told India's PM Singh he wants to expand economic and diplomatic ties between the two countries but was expected to pledge only token help for India's nuclear energy technology. America agreed to grant India “full civil nuclear energy cooperation."
    (AP, 7/18/05)(Econ, 7/23/05, p.37)
2005        Jul 18, The United States extradited a Moroccan held at Guantanamo Bay who was indicted in Spain for his alleged links to an al-Qaida cell.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 18, In Alabama Eric Rudolph was sentenced to life in prison without parole for a 1998 abortion clinic bombing in Birmingham. On Aug 22 he was sentenced to 4 life terms for the 1996 Olympics bombing in Atlanta, and 1997 attacks on an abortion clinic and gay nightclub.
    (SFC, 7/19/05, p.A3)(WSJ, 8/23/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 18, California Gov. Schwarzenegger signed legislation to allow construction to go forward on the new eastern half of the Bay Bridge.
    (SFC, 7/19/05, p.B1)
2005        Jul 18, California reinstated a program to issue identity cards to patients who have been prescribed medical marijuana.
    (SFC, 7/19/05, p.B1)
2005        Jul 18, San Diego acting Mayor Michael Zucchet and councilman Ralph Inzunza were convicted in federal court of taking illegal campaign cash from a strip club owner. Councilwoman Toni Atkins succeeded Zucchet.
    (SFC, 7/19/05, p.A10)
2005        Jul 18, News Corporation announced it was buying Intermix Media, owner of MySpace.com, for $580 million.
    (Econ, 1/21/06, p.68)(www.newscorp.com/news/news_251.html)
2005        Jul 18, LaToyia Figueroa, who was five months' pregnant, was last seen in West Philadelphia. Police recovered her remains a month later. On August 20, 2005, They arrested Steven Poaches, her former boyfriend and the father of the unborn child. On October 17, 2006, in a nonjury trial, Common Pleas Judge M. Teresa Sarmina found Stephen Poaches, guilty of two counts of first-degree murder in the deaths of 24-year-old LaToyia Figueroa and her fetus. Poaches waived his right to appeal and, in exchange, prosecutors agreed not to seek the death penalty. He was given an automatic life sentence with no parole.
    (AP, 8/20/05)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaToyia_Figueroa)
2005        Jul 18, Paul Duke (78), former anchor of the NBC news show “Washington Week in Review," died. He began moderating the show in 1974.
    (SFC, 7/20/05, p.B6)
2005        Jul 18, Gen. William Westmoreland (b.1914) died. As commander of U.S. forces in Vietnam, Westmoreland oversaw the introduction of ground troops in South Vietnam and a dramatic increase in the number of U.S. troops there. In vain, he sought permission to engage enemy forces in their sanctuaries in Cambodia, Laos and North Vietnam.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 18, Argentina issued dollar bonds for the 1st time since its massive default in 2001.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.34)
2005        Jul 18, A British jury convicted Faryadi Sarwar Zardad, a former Afghan warlord, of torture and hostage-taking (1991-1996). It was the first trial in Britain of a foreigner for crimes committed in his homeland. The next day Zardad was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
    (AP, 7/19/05)(AP, 7/20/05)
2005        Jul 18, China evacuated over 600,000 people from coastal areas after typhoon Haitang slammed into Taiwan, killing up to four people.
    (Reuters, 7/18/05)
2005        Jul 18, The EU said it will allow member countries to adopt different approaches in patenting biotech drug innovations.
    (WSJ, 7/19/05, p.A12)
2005        Jul 18, Under orders from an international court, Guatemala apologized for the government-directed massacre of 226 people in Plan de Sanchez on July 18, 1982.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 18, Bayan Jabr, Iraq's interior minister, accused Syria of not making a serious effort to crack down on insurgents in its territory or prevent them from crossing into Iraq, adding that he had pictures and addresses of militant leaders in Syria.
    (AP, 7/18/05)
2005        Jul 18, Insurgents killed 8 police and government workers in seven separate shootings across central Iraq. Ambushes and shootings across Iraq left at least 26 people dead.
    (AP, 7/18/05)(SFC, 7/19/05, p.A11)
2005        Jul 18, Lebanon's newly elected Parliament, dominated by an anti-Syrian coalition, approved an amnesty motion for the release of former Christian warlord Samir Geagea, who was linked to the 1987 bombing death of PM Rashid Karami.
    (AP, 7/18/05)(SFC, 7/19/05, p.A9)
2005        Jul 18, Malaysia launched its first bond fund on the stock exchange as part of an Asian scheme to augment underdeveloped capital markets.
    (AP, 7/18/05)
2005        Jul 18, Hurricane Emily slammed into Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula as a powerful Category 4 storm.
    (AP, 7/18/05)
2005        Jul 18, Pakistani police arrested a man accused of killing 14 homeless people in the past three weeks by bludgeoning them to death with bricks.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 18, Pakistan arrested 5 Taliban leaders.
    (WSJ, 7/19/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 18, Slobodan Milosevic's paramilitary commander, his secret police chief and five others were convicted and sentenced for the 2000 killing of Ivan Stambolic, former Serbian president who was Milosevic's political rival.
    (AP, 7/18/05)
2005        Jul 18, In a program to be screened on ABC TV, the fisheries chief of the Solomon Islands in the South Pacific says Japan poured money into the country in exchange for its support over whaling and cheap access to tuna. Similar charges were made by former officials from the tiny Caribbean nations of Dominica and Grenada.
    (AP, 7/18/05)
2005        Jul 18, Suriname's parliament was deadlocked over choosing a new president, with no candidate securing the two-thirds majority needed to become the leader.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 18, In Turkey 4 soldiers were killed when the PKK detonated a bomb in Hakkari.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.48)

2006        Jul 18, The US Senate voted after two days of emotional debate to expand federal funding of embryonic stem cell research, sending the measure to President George Bush for a promised veto.
    (AP, 7/18/07)
2006        Jul 18, A doctor and two nurses who labored at a flooded-out New Orleans hospital in Hurricane Katrina's chaotic aftermath were arrested and accused of killing four trapped and desperately ill patients with injections of morphine and sedatives.
    (AP, 7/18/07)
2006        Jul 18, The Club Deluxe on Haight Street in SF celebrated the 1st anniversary of its open mike poetry and jazz. It was initiated by New York poets Jennifer Barone and Ingrid Keir and jazz musician Dan Heffez.
    (SFC, 7/22/06, p.E1)
2006        Jul 18, The Seattle SuperSonics basketball team said a group of Oklahoma businessmen had purchased the club for $350 million. The new ownership group said it plans to keep the team in Seattle, if it can work out a deal for a new arena in the next 12 months. Officials in Seattle said they planned to hold the Sonics to their lease, which expires in 2010.
    (Econ, 7/29/06, p.33)(http://tinyurl.com/qga3e)
2006        Jul 18, A heat wave in the US left at least 7 people dead including 5 in Oklahoma and 2 in Pennsylvania.
    (SFC, 7/19/06, p.A2)
2006        Jul 18, US researchers reported that men and boys with autism have fewer neurons in the amygdala, a part of the brain involved in emotion and memory.
    (AP, 7/18/06)
2006        Jul 18, The Afghan government announced plans to re-establish a Vice and Virtues Ministry, but it assured the public the office would not resemble the Taliban version that became a symbol of the brutal regime toppled by US forces in 2001. One coalition soldier was killed in fighting in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 7/18/06)(SFC, 7/20/06, p.A13)
2006        Jul 18, China reported its fastest economic growth in a decade and warned that booming construction and bank loans could fuel inflation, raising expectations that Beijing might nudge up interest rates and possibly the value of its currency.
    (AP, 7/18/06)
2006        Jul 18, The UN said fighting between the army and leftist guerrillas in western Colombia has forced hundreds of civilians from their homes and trapped others in their villages.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 18, Egypt and Israel reopened the Rafah border crossing for the first time in three weeks, triggering a rush to the border by thousands of Palestinians who had been waiting in Egypt.
    (AP, 7/18/06)
2006        Jul 18, In India Lashkar-e-Qahhar (Army of Terror), a little-known Islamic militant group that claimed responsibility for the Bombay train bombings, warned that it was planning attacks against government and historic sites in India in an e-mail to an Indian television station. Indian police called the e-mail a hoax.
    (AP, 7/18/06)(AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 18, In India several telecom operators confirmed that they had blocked a number of Web sites on orders from India’s Dept. of Telecommunications.
    (WSJ, 7/19/06, p.A8)
2006        Jul 18, In southern Iraq a suicide car bomber detonated explosives in a crowd of laborers gathered across the street from a major Shiite shrine in Kufa, killing 59 people and wounding 105. National Security Adviser Mouwafak al-Rubaie said Diyar Ismail Mahmoud (known as Abu al-Afghani), a Jordanian who killed two U.S. soldiers last month, was fatally wounded in a clash with security forces. The country's largest Sunni Arab party called for a conference of all religious and political leaders to end sectarian killing and save the country from sliding into civil war.
    (AP, 7/18/06)(WSJ, 7/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 18, The UN reported that nearly 6,000 civilians were slain across Iraq in May and June, a spike that coincided with rising sectarian attacks. The report said 2,669 civilians died in May and 3,149 in June, the first full month of the al-Maliki government.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 18, Israel struck a Lebanese army base outside Beirut and flattened a house near the border, killing 31 people in a new wave of bombings. Hezbollah fired more rockets at northern Israel, killing one Israeli and wounding several others. Israel said its offensive in Lebanon could last several more weeks and involve large numbers of ground forces.
    (AP, 7/18/06)(WSJ, 7/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 18, Authorities freed about 100 Poles forced into virtual slavery as Italian and Polish police arrested 25 people involved in a human trafficking ring that brought farm workers to Italy.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 18, Kyrgyz police in Osh arrested six men suspected of taking part in an uprising in neighboring Uzbekistan last year and seized 14 ounces of TNT from them.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 18, Pakistan welcomed a move by Britain to ban one of the major rebel groups, the Baluchistan Liberation Army. Islamabad outlawed the group in April. In eastern Pakistan 3 men convicted of gang-raping a woman during a robbery in 2000 were hanged after President Musharraf rejected their plea for mercy.
    (AP, 7/18/06)(AFP, 7/21/06)
2006        Jul 18, In the southern Philippines Armando Pace (56), who often attacked corruption among politicians and the illegal drug trade in Digos city, was gunned down as he was riding home on a motorcycle. He was the ninth journalist killed in the country this year and the 82nd since 1986, based on a count by the National Union of Journalists of the Philippines.
    (AP, 7/18/06)
2006        Jul 18, In Somalia Islamic militiamen who rule Mogadishu arrested about 60 people for watching videos in several overnight raids.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 18, South Korea's disaster agency said a fifth straight day of monsoon rains have left 19 people dead and 31 missing.
    (AP, 7/18/06)
2006        Jul 18, In northern Sri Lanka a roadside bomb killed one person and wounded six others, including four government soldiers.
    (AP, 7/18/06)
2006        Jul 18, Nearly 300 striking doctors in Zimbabwe ignored government demands for them to return to hospital wards. The junior doctors walked out on July 13 after authorities extended their seven-year attachment to state hospitals by another year, to be spent working at rural facilities.
    (AP, 7/19/06)

2007        Jul 18, US President George W. Bush ordered the creation of a "working group" of top aides to review the safety of imports from China and all around the world. Michael Leavitt, Health and Human Services Secretary, was selected to chair the panel.
    (AP, 7/18/07)(SFC, 7/19/07, p.A3)
2007        Jul 18, A massive geyser of steam and debris erupted through a midtown Manhattan street near Grand Central Terminal as an 83-year-old steam pipe ruptured. One woman, identified as Lois Baumerich (57) of Hawthorne, N.J., died from cardiac arrest.
    (AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 18, NYC and New Jersey claimed $170.2 million in anti-terrorism funds, LA and Long Beach, Ca., claimed $72.6 million, DC claimed $61.7 million, Chicago got $47.3 million, the SF Bay Area got $34.1 million and Houston got $25 million.
    (SFC, 7/19/07, p.B3)
2007        Jul 18, Jerry Hadley (b.1952), opera tenor, died in Poughkeepsie, NY. He had been in the hospital since July 10, when he was admitted after shooting himself with an air rifle.
    (SFC, 7/19/07, p.A2)
2007        Jul 18, Sekou Sundiata (b.1948), black poet and activist born as Robert Franklin Feaster, died of heart failure in Westchester, NY.
    (SFC, 7/28/07, p.B5)
2007        Jul 18, Suspected Taliban militants ambushed a convoy of Afghan police officers driving through Zabul province, killing six. Suicide bombers in Khost killed three police officers. Militants fatally shot two police officers in southern Kandahar province, where four suspected Taliban were killed in a clash with NATO and Afghan forces. In Paktia province, an attack on a road construction crew left one person from the Philippines dead and three guards wounded. Taliban fighters also ambushed police in Logar province, killing six of the officers. Armed men kidnapped two Germans and two Afghans working on a dam project in central Afghanistan. One of the Germans, Ruediger Diedrich, was found shot dead three days later; the others were later released.
    (AP, 7/18/07)(AP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/18/08)
2007        Jul 18, Bosnia's war crimes court acquitted Momcilo Mandic, the most senior ethnic Serb official indicted by Bosnian authorities, of all charges related to crimes during the 1992-95 war.
    (Reuters, 7/18/07)
2007        Jul 18, In London 3 Muslim men were jailed for 6 years for their role in a heated protest outside the Danish embassy in 2006, following the publication of cartoons in a Danish newspaper making fun of the Prophet and of Muslims generally. A 4th man was sentenced to 4 years.
    (Econ, 7/21/07, p.55)
2007        Jul 18, Eritrean state media said Sudanese army commanders and former rebel leaders from the east of the country have signed a military deal in Asmara, bolstering a peace agreement signed last year. Bringing an end to 10 years of sporadic fighting, a peace deal was signed last year with the Sudanese government, which is to allocate the Eastern groups a total of 600 million dollars over five years for development.
    (AFP, 7/18/07)
2007        Jul 18, Guatemalan police rescued a two-month-old boy who had been stolen from his home and arrested four people who were allegedly preparing the baby for illegal adoption.
    (AP, 7/18/07)
2007        Jul 18, In India at least 26 people were killed and 15 others injured when a seven-story building collapsed in Mumbai.
    (AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 19, An armed group killed 11 members of Iran's elite Revolutionary Guard in clashes in the country's lawless southeast. A report said the Guards clashed with drug traffickers in a mountainous area near Iran's borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan and killed four of them.
    (AP, 7/21/07)
2007        Jul 18, The Iraqi government said Turkish artillery and warplanes bombarded areas of northern Iraq and called on Turkey to stop military operations and resolve the conflict diplomatically. A series of roadside bombs exploded in separate areas of east Baghdad, killing 11 people and wounding more than a dozen. US troops killed three al-Qaida suspects as they tried to slip out of Baqouba. 4 US soldiers and their Iraqi interpreter were killed in a roadside bombing in east Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/18/07)(AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 18, Two boats carrying would-be migrants crossing the Mediterranean to Europe sank between Italy and Libya, leaving five people dead, including a child. Eleven others were missing and presumed dead. An Italian Navy ship pulled 22 survivors from the water.
    (AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 18, A top Nigerian lawyer accused former president Olusegun Obasanjo of corruption and asked the anti-graft commission (EFCC) to investigate his financial activities while in office. A Nigerian oil official said the economy has lost more than one billion dollars a month and hundreds of thousands of barrels of crude a day since 2006 due to unrest in the Niger Delta. In northern Nigeria a radical Sunni Islamic preacher was shot dead near a mosque. Sunni Muslims in Sokoto said they suspected members of the rival Shiite community.
    (AFP, 7/18/07)(AFP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 18, Suspected militants attacked security forces in northwest Pakistan, killing 16 soldiers and wounding up to 21 others in two separate strikes against military convoys.
    (AP, 7/18/07)
2007        Jul 18, An explosion tore through a crowd of mourners at a cemetery in southern Russia, wounding at least 10 people, including four police officers. The funeral was for an ethnic Russian woman who had been fatally shot along with her two grown children July 16 in Ingushetia.
    (AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 18, South Korea's nuclear envoy said North Korea followed up the shutdown of its sole operating reactor with a pledge to disclose all its nuclear weapons programs and disable them by the end of the year.
    (AP, 7/18/07)
2007        Jul 18, Telecoms giant Ericsson said it had won a 2.0-billion-dollar order from India's Bharti Airtel to expand its network into rural areas, the largest order ever received by the Swedish company.
    (AP, 7/18/07)
2007        Jul 18, Thailand’s Computer Crime Act, intended to prevent cybercrimes, came into force. Most prosecutions that followed under the act were for online content that supposedly endangered national security.
    (Econ, 2/5/11, p.54)(www.prachatai.com/english/node/117)
2007        Jul 18, A Ukraine bus taking vacationers to the Black Sea overturned when its brakes failed, killing six people and injuring 46.
    (AP, 7/19/07)

2008        Jul 18, The Batman sequel "The Dark Knight" opened and set a single-day box office record by taking in $66.4 million.
    (AP, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 18, Nebraska’s new safe-haven law went into effect allowing parents to abandon unwanted children, under age 19, at state-licensed hospitals with no questions asked. The law was later amended after parents and guardians, some from out of state, dropped off children as old as 17.
    (SFC, 8/23/08, p.A4)(SFC, 10/21/08, p.A3)
2008        Jul 18, New Hampshire decided to accept an offer from Venezuela of free heating oil for the state’s poor.
    (WSJ, 7/19/08, p.A2)
2008        Jul 18, In Houston, Texas, one of the nation's largest mobile cranes collapsed at LyondellBasell refinery, killing four workers. An additional 7 workers were injured when the crane collapsed during routine maintenance at the chemical plant.
    (AP, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 18, In Afghanistan a roadside blast the Nava district of Helmand province. Three guards were killed and four wounded. 2 French aid workers were taken from their guest house in the early hours in the central province of Day Kundi, one of the poorest areas of Afghanistan. On August 2 Action Against Hunger said the aid workers had been released.
    (AP, 7/18/08)(AFP, 8/2/08)
2008        Jul 18, In Algeria the government of Mali and ethnic Tuareg rebels reached a truce agreement in dangerous northern Mali. One faction of the Tuareg group refused to sign the deal, saying it did not do enough to help the Tuaregs.
    (AP, 7/22/08)
2008        Jul 18, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez canceled a widely protested farm export tax hike following months of protest and a stunning rejection by the Senate. She issued a resolution reducing the export taxes to their previous level.
    (AP, 7/18/08)(Econ, 7/26/08, p.43)
2008        Jul 18, In Australia Pope Benedict XVI warned Christian leaders that the push to unite Christian churches was at a "critical juncture" and called on people of all religions to join together against violence.
    (AFP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 18, A border clash triggered by a smuggling attempt left two Bangladeshi troops dead and one Indian soldier seriously wounded.
    (AP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 18, Bhutan adopted a new constitution following three years of work.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Bhutan)(Econ, 11/9/13, p.65)
2008        Jul 18, In Brazil police said at least eight alleged drug traffickers were killed during a raid in a Rio de Janeiro shantytown.
    (AP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 18, A report of the European Union Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) was leaked to the media. According the report, which was sent to Bulgarian Deputy Prime Minister Plugchieva two weeks ago, businessman Lyudmil Stoykov, who sponsored the president's election campaign, and his associate Mario Nikolov, who is a sponsor of Parvanov's Bulgarian Socialist Party, were involved in large-scale abuses of EU funds.
    (http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90777/90853/6452879.html)
2008        Jul 18, Cuba’s Communist officials decreed that private farmers and cooperatives can use up to 100 acres (40 hectares) of idle government land, as President Raul Castro works to revive the floundering agricultural sector.
    (AP, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 18, In Iraq two suspected insurgents, linked to the June 26 suicide attack, were captured in a near Tarmiyah, north of Baghdad.
    (http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20080801/ap_on_re_mi_ea/iraq)
2008        Jul 18, Israel’s Shin Bet security service said investigators had arrested six men in June and July suspected of trying to set up an al-Qaida-linked terror network, including one who wanted to shoot down President Bush's helicopter.
    (AP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 18, Suspected Muslim rebels threw a grenade at a crowded bus terminal in the Indian portion of Kashmir, wounding 35 people, including seven children.
    (AP, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 18, Mexico's president replaced a 1791 time capsule discovered atop Mexico City's cathedral with a new one containing messages from golf star Lorena Ochoa, novelist Carlos Fuentes and a boy genius.
    (AP, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 18, In northwestern Pakistan, at least 10 Taliban died in fierce fighting between two rival militant groups. The Taliban threatened to begin executing hostages captured on July 12 unless the government releases their comrades.
    (AP, 7/19/08)(SFC, 7/19/08, p.A5)
2008        Jul 18, Senegal’s President Abdoulaye Wade said Sudan President Omar al-Beshir has agreed to restore relations with Chad, more than two months after Khartoum severed ties accusing Ndjamena of backing Darfur rebels.
    (AFP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 18, In Singapore Peter Lloyd (41), a TV reporter for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), was charged with trafficking about one gram of methamphetamine to a Singaporean for 100 Singapore dollars (73.5 US) at a hotel early this month.
    (AFP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 18, In Spain, a spokesman said police in the southern city of Seville have been left red-faced after more than 100 kilos of drugs were stolen from police headquarters and replaced with talcum powder.
    (AFP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 18, In Spain a Saudi-organized conference of the world's great religions called for an international agreement to combat terrorism, "a universal phenomenon that requires unified international efforts."
    (AFP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 18, South Africa’s Pres. Thabo Mbeki announced plans to work with the UN and African Union as he attempts to mediate a settlement in Zimbabwe.
    (SFC, 7/19/08, p.A8)
2008        Jul 18, Sri Lankan warplanes carried out air raids over the rebel-controlled northern region of Mullaittivu, targeting a Tiger logistics base. The military said fighting in the northern Vavuniya district left nine rebels killed. 7 insurgents were killed along the Welioya front, while 3 more were killed in Jaffna. Angry protesters halted trains and clashed with policemen in Colombo as authorities began demolishing their homes, saying they were unauthorized constructions that encroached on government lands.
    (AFP, 7/18/08)(AP, 7/18/08)(AP, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 18, Tropical Storm Kalmaegi wreaked havoc across Taiwan, leaving at least 19 people dead and seven missing.
    (AFP, 7/20/08)
2008        Jul 18, Thailand sent more military reinforcements to a disputed part of the Cambodian border, after the tense four-day standoff nearly erupted into gunfire during the night.
    (AFP, 7/18/08)
2008        Jul 18, In Tunisia 2 officials and three others were convicted of plotting terror attacks and to overthrow the government.
    (WSJ, 7/19/08, p.A1)
2008        Jul 18, In southeastern Turkey 10 members of the separatist Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) were killed in clashes with Turkish military forces.
    (Reuters, 7/19/08)

2009        Jul 18, In southern Tennessee 5 people were found dead in two neighboring rural homes near Fayetteville, and a sixth body was discovered at a business about 30 miles away in Huntsville, Ala. Jacob Shaffer (30) of Fayetteville was charged later that day with homicide.
    (AP, 7/19/09)
2009        Jul 18, In Afghanistan a US Air Force F-15E Strike Eagle fighter jet crashed in central Ghazni, killing the two crew members. A suicide driver blew up his explosive-laden vehicle next to an Afghan army convoy in Zabul province, killing three soldiers and wounding three others. 35 militants were killed during a joint operation by Afghan and coalition troops in the Shah Walk Kot district of Kandahar province. In Nangarhar province a suicide bomber attacked the Afghan-Pakistan border crossing at Torkham, killing a border police officer and a civilian.
    (AP, 7/18/09)(AP, 7/19/09)
2009        Jul 18, In Australian Min Lin, his wife, two sons aged 12 and 9, and a female relative were killed by blunt force trauma to the upper bodies and heads in their home in a Sydney suburb. The family had run a convenience store for more than six years after immigrating from China.
    (AP, 7/19/09)
2009        Jul 18, In Canada wind and dry conditions fueled large blazes that broke out in the rugged hills along Okanagan Lake west of the city of Kelowna, British Columbia, where housing subdivisions have encroached on the surrounding forest in recent years.
    (AP, 7/20/09)
2009        Jul 18, In Iraq a government spokesman said the Iraqi Cabinet had approved a measure to confiscate the assets of the family of toppled dictator Saddam Hussein and 52 former close aides who had used their powers to take over or misuse public properties or funds. A roadside bomb killed three people, including the son of a tribal leader, near Fallujah. In Mosul a police officer was killed after a bomb exploded at a checkpoint. Also in Mosul a civilian was killed by unidentified gunmen.
    (AFP, 7/18/09)(SSFC, 7/19/09, p.A7)
2009        Jul 18, Mauritania held post-coup elections. Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, a former military general who ousted this Islamic nation's first freely elected president, vied with 8 other candidates to become the legitimate ruler.
    (AP, 7/18/09)
2009        Jul 18, Mexican soldiers arrested Luis Ibarra, a suspected drug trafficker in the border city of Tijuana. He was carrying jewelry, narcotics and $3.6 million in cash. Ibarra belonged to a cell in charge of making and trafficking methamphetamine for alleged drug kingpin Teodoro Garcia Simental.
    (AP, 7/20/09)
2009        Jul 18, Pakistani government warplanes flattened a suspected Taliban hide-out in the northwest, killing nine associates of Taliban leader Baitullah Mehsud.
    (AP, 7/18/09)
2009        Jul 18, Sudanese rebels set free 60 captured government soldiers and policemen in north Darfur. The detainees had been held by the Justice and Equality Movement following recent armed clashes.
    (AP, 7/18/09)

2010        Jul 18, Gitmo detainee Aziz Abdul Naji (35), held for over 8 years, was transferred to Algeria, despite his request to remain under US detention for fear of torture and death at home. On July 25 Naji was indicted in Algeria and placed under judicial supervision.
    (SFC, 7/21/10, p.A2)(AP, 7/27/10)
2010        Jul 18, In Oakland, Ca., Jinghong Kang (45) of Virginia was robbed of $17 and killed. George Huggins Jr. (24) and his girlfriend Althea Housley (33) were soon arrested for the robbery and murder. Huggins was charged with special-circumstances murder. On March 20, 2013, Huggins was convicted of first degree murder. The robbery had netted him $10.
    (SFC, 7/29/10, p.C2)(SFC, 2/21/13, p.A15)
2010        Jul 18, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber slipped through Kabul’s tight security ring, killing three civilians near a busy market two days before an international conference hosting representatives from about 60 nations. An American service member was killed by a roadside bomb in the south. The Taliban staged a brazen jailbreak in the western province of Farah, where a smuggled bomb exploded at a prison, allowing 11 inmates, including suspected insurgents, to escape from the facility that held about 350. In Kandahar city 2 police officers and a civilian died when a roadside bomb exploded near a hospital. A car bomb exploded near the largest US base in Afghanistan, but killed only the suicide attacker.
    (AP, 7/18/10)
2010        Jul 18, In England plane manufacturers, airlines, government ministers and military top brass gathered for the Farnborough International Airshow amid hopes that the two-year downturn in the aviation and defense industry is nearing a bottom.
    (AP, 7/18/10)
2010        Jul 18, In China 16 workers were inside the shaft when water gushed into the mine in Jinta, a county in Gansu province, and 3 men were safely lifted out. 2 bodies were found and 11 men remained trapped. An explosion at a coal mine  in northeastern Liaoning province killed four workers and injured 13 others, who were in stable condition.
    (AP, 7/18/10)(AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 18, In southwestern China a bus plunged into a river, leaving 27 people on board missing and feared dead. Rescuers were able to save 11 others.
    (AP, 7/18/10)
2010        Jul 18, In Germany some 3 million people sat at a 37-mile long table on the A40 between Dortmund and Bochum for a cultural celebration titled "Still Life."
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 18, In Iraq twin suicide bombings killed 48 people, including dozens from a government-backed, anti-al-Qaida militia lining up to collect their paychecks near a military base southwest of Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/18/10)
2010        Jul 18, In Mexico gunmen jumped from their cars and stormed a private party in Torreon. They simply opened fire killing 17 people with 18 wounded. On July 25 prosecutors said that guards and officials at a prison let inmates out, lent them guns and sent them off in official vehicles to carry out drug-related killings, including the massacre of 17 in Torreon.
    (AP, 7/19/10)(AP, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 18, Singapore arrested Alan Shadrake (75), a British author, as part of a criminal defamation investigation related to his book "Once a Jolly Hangman: Singapore Justice in the Dock," on the city-state's death penalty policy. On Nov 3 Shadrake was found guilty of contempt of court. The Attorney-General argued that Shadrake be jailed for at least 12 weeks.
    (AP, 7/19/10)(Econ, 11/6/10, p.55)(http://tinyurl.com/2gygpa7)
2010        Jul 18, Spain said 9 more Cuban political prisoners will fly this week to freedom in Madrid along with around 50 of their relatives.
    (AP, 7/18/10)
2010        Jul 18, Syria announced a ban on the niqab, the face-covering Islamic veil, from the country's universities.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 18, Thai police arrested American Ronald John Fanelli (37) on charges of killing Wanpen Satienjai (33) and concealing the crime and cause of murder. Fanelli, who has lived on the southern resort island of Phuket for three years, told investigators he took the victim home from a bar on the morning of June 18 and stabbed her to death with a penknife.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 18, In Vietnam 17 people were left missing as the tail end of Typhoon Conson blew ashore after battering the Philippines and China and killing dozens.
    (AP, 7/18/10)(AP, 7/19/10)

2011        Jul 18, US Fish and Wildlife Service said the whitebark pine, found atop mountains in the American West, is facing extinction due to white pine blister rust and mountain pine beetles due in part to climate change.
    (SFC, 7/20/11, p.A8)
2011        Jul 18, In southern California a veteran police detective and her 18-year-old daughter were stabbed to death, and her son was arrested on suspicion of murder after he was found sitting next to the teenager's nude body outside their Rancho Penasquitos home.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, US General David Petraeus, Washington's new intelligence chief, handed over command of US and NATO-led troops in Afghanistan to US Marine Corps General John Allen. A British soldier was killed in an explosion in Helmand province. 7 Afghan policemen manning a checkpoint in Helmand province were fed poisonous food and shot dead. In a separate incident two civilians were kidnapped and killed by insurgents.
    (AP, 7/18/11)(AFP, 7/19/11)(AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, Lulz Security (LulzSec) hacker group attacked the website of the Rupert Murdoch owned Sun newspaper, replacing the online version with a fake story pronouncing the mogul's death.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Britain senior Metropolitan police officer John Yates, who in 2009 refused to reopen an investigation into phone hacking at the News of the World tabloid, resigned. British police said Sean Hoare, the whistleblower reporter who alleged widespread hacking at the News of the World, has been found dead.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)(AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, British PM David Cameron sought to bridge the gap with South African President Jacob Zuma over the Libya conflict on a visit overshadowed by the phone-hacking scandal back home. The focus of Cameron's trip was on boosting trade with a continent.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Chile 8 students began a hunger strike to support demands for improvements to the country's education system. Participants soon grew to 20.
    (AP, 7/21/11)
2011        Jul 18, In China 14 separatist rioters, 2 policemen and 2 civilian hostages, were killed in an attack on a police station in Khotan, in the far western Xinjiang region. The violence erupted when a large group of Uighurs tried to protest in Hotan, an oasis town of more than 115,000 people. The planned siege ended with 14 of the 18 attackers dead.
    (AP, 7/18/11)(AP, 7/20/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.38)
2011        Jul 18, Gambian President Yahya Jammeh (46) said that neither the upcoming November presidential election nor a military coup, but only God, could unseat him from power.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, Hong Kong ordered pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline to recall an antibiotic used to treat infections in children after tests revealed the British firm's Augmentin antibiotic tablet contained several plasticizers, including diisodecyl phthalate (DIDP).
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, India signed an "historic" deal granting autonomy to an ethnic group in the Himalayan tea-growing area of Darjeeling that has fought for decades for a homeland.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, In India construction began at two new indigenously-designed 700-megawatt nuclear plants in the western state of Rajasthan.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, Iran’s state news said Revolutionary Guard forces have taken control of three bases of an Iranian Kurdish opposition group in neighboring Iraq and that "a large number" of members of the Iranian Kurdish opposition group PEJAK have been killed in fierce ongoing clashes over the past two days. PEJAK claimed to have killed 53 Iranian soldiers and wounded 43 while only two PEJAK members were killed and seven wounded in clashes.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, Israel put out bids to build 336 apartments in Jewish settlements in the West Bank, a new blow to international efforts to get Israelis and Palestinians back to peace talks after months of deadlock over settlement construction.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, Former South African defense minister Magnus Malan (b.1930) died. He had militarized the country to battle a perceived "total onslaught" on the apartheid regime.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, Spain’s Transport Minister Jose Blanco confirmed that a Spanish consortium has won a contract worth 7.0 billion euros ($10 billion) to build a high-speed rail network linking Medina, Jeddah and the Muslim pilgrimage site of Mecca in Saudi Arabia.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Sudan the Darfur rebel group Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) said that it carried out a deadly attack on Sudanese army positions in South Kordofan alongside anti-government forces there.
    (AFP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Syria the Qatari embassy in Damascus suspended operations due to recent protests outside the embassy against Al-Jazeera's coverage of the Syrian uprising. Al-Jazeera is based in Qatar. Security forces in Homs killed 10 people in raids.
    (AP, 7/18/11)(AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Tunisia a 14-year-old was killed overnight in the inland town of Sidi Bouzid. The teen was hit by a "stray bullet" in clashes between security forces and protesters.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, The UN's highest court ordered troops from both Thailand and Cambodia to immediately withdraw military forces from disputed areas around a World Heritage temple straddling their border.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, The Vatican and Malaysia established diplomatic relations in the wake of tensions between Muslims and religious minorities in the Southeast Asian nation.
    (AP, 7/18/11)
2011        Jul 18, In Yemen Hassan Basonbol (alias Abu Issa), a suspected Al-Qaeda leader in Abyan province, was killed in fighting with the army in Zinjibar.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)

2012        Jul 18, The families of three US citizens killed in drone strikes in Yemen last year, including Al-Qaeda preacher Anwar al-Awlaqi, filed a civil lawsuit against top US officials.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Alaska 2 visitors from Australia were killed in a fiery small plane crash about 39 miles north of Fairbanks.
    (Reuters, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, The city of Scranton, Pa., restored the salaries of its 400 civil servants. Earlier this month Mayor Chris Doherty had slashed all municipal employees’ salaries to the federal minimum wage because the city did not have funds to pay their wages.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.26)
2012        Jul 18, In northern Afghanistan a Taliban bomb attack in Samangan province destroyed 22 fuel tankers carrying supplies for NATO forces. 2 NATO soldiers were killed in an improvised bomb attack in eastern Afghanistan.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, An Australian woman born without arms and legs after her pregnant mother took the anti-morning sickness drug Thalidomide reached a multimillion dollar settlement with UK-based Distillers Company (Biochemicals) Ltd. — which sold the drug in Australia — and Diageo Scotland Ltd., the successor company to Distillers. Grunenthal, the German maker of the drug, refused to settle.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, Austria’s University of Innsbruck said that archeologists found four linen bras dating from the Middle Ages in an Austrian castle. Fashion experts described the find as surprising because the bra had commonly been thought to be only little more than 100 years old as women abandoned the tight corset.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, Bahrain’s public security chief Major-General Tariq al-Hassan announced on the arrest of suspect Hussain Isa Mohammed Isa Adam, included in the list of 20 people accused of terrorist blasts.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Bulgaria a suicide attack at Burgas airport killed 5 Israeli tourists and a Bulgarian bus driver. Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu blamed Iran for the bomb blast. It was later confirmed that the suicide bomber did not act alone. In 2013 one alleged terrorist was identified as Australian citizen Meliad Farah (b.1980), also known as Hussein Hussein. The second was Canadian citizen Hassan El Hajj Hassan (b.1988). The bomber was later said to have been of Algerian origin and trained in camps in South Lebanon.
    (Reuters, 7/18/12)(AFP, 7/19/12)(SFC, 7/25/12, p.A2)(AP, 7/25/13)(Reuters, 4/7/14)
2012        Jul 18, Cambodia and Thailand pulled hundreds of soldiers out of a disputed strip of border land adjacent to the Preah Vihear temple, a year after a ruling by the UN's highest court, replacing them with police and security guards.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Canada Shawn Atleo, chief from the Ahousaht First Nation in British Columbia, was re-elected as national chief of Canada's First Nations.
    (Reuters, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, China’s Ministry of Health issued a new code of conduct banning medical staff from prescribing unnecessary tests and the prescription of expensive tests to boost income.
    (Econ, 7/21/12, p.38)
2012        Jul 18, The Council of Europe released a report showing the Vatican had received compliant or largely compliant grades on nine of the 16 "key and core" internationally recognized recommendations to fight money laundering and terrorist financing. The Vatican had submitted itself to the Moneyval evaluation process more than two years ago after it signed onto the 2009 EU Monetary Convention.
    (AP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, In India Rajesh Khanna (69), popularly known as Bollywood’s "first superstar" and the Hindi film industry's biggest heart-throb in his day, died after months of illness.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Israel Rabbi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv (102), revered by Jews worldwide as the top rabbinic authority of this generation for his scholarship and rulings on complex elements of Jewish law, died.
    (AP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, Nigeria lifted a state of emergency it imposed six months ago in four states following a wave of attacks blamed on the radical Islamist group Boko Haram.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, In northwestern Pakistan a van carrying minority Shiite Muslims hit an anti-tank land mine, killing 14 passengers. A group of Taliban fighters snuck across the border from Afghanistan into the northern area of Chitral and attacked a Pakistani military post. At least six insurgents died in the shootout.
    (AP, 7/18/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Syria a bomb ripped through a high-level security meeting in Damascus, killing three top regime officials, including Gen. Assef Shawkat (62), President Bashar Assad's brother-in-law. Also killed was Defense Minister Dawoud Rajha, 65, a former army general. Hassan Turkmani (77), a former defense minister, died of his wounds in the hospital. At least 214 people, including 124 civilians, 62 soldiers and 28 rebels were killed across the country.
    (AP, 7/18/12)(AP, 7/19/12)(AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Tanzania at least 104 people died after a ferry capsized between Dar-es-Salaam and Zanzibar. The MV Skagit was officially carrying 290 people when the accident occurred. Emergency workers had rescued 146 people.
    (AFP, 7/18/12)(AFP, 7/20/12)(AP, 7/21/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)(AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 18, In Yemen an army officer supporting former President Ali Abdullah Saleh was killed in Sanaa while leading an attack on the house of a general who defected to the opposition last year. In southern Yemen armed tribesmen ambushed a group of al-Qaida militants, killing two and wounding three.
    (AP, 7/18/12)

2013        Jul 18, In Martinez, Ca., Marcelles Peter (20) of Pinole and Jose Montano (22) of Richmond were found guilty of nuumerous felony charges in the Oct 24, 2009, gang rape of a girl (16) outside Richmond High School (see Oct 23, 2009).
    (SFC, 7/19/13, p.A1)
2013        Jul 18, Kevin Orr, a bankruptcy expert hired by Michigan in March to stop Detroit’s fiscal free-fall, filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy for Detroit in federal court. State Gov. Rick Snyder approved the move. The city’s population, at 1.8 million in the 1950s, now struggled to stay above 700k. Detrloit’s long term debt was estimated at $18.2 billion.
    (SFC, 7/19/13, p.A7)(Econ, 7/27/13, p.23)
2013        Jul 18, In eastern Afghanistan insurgents pulled over a minivan with 8 young laborers on their way to work at a US base, forced them out and then shot them dead near Forward Operating Base Shank, Logar province. A bomb killed five children and a woman after it went off as they were playing with it inside a Taliban commander's home in Paktika province.
    (AP, 7/18/13)(AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 18, British police arrested two men on terrorism charges following explosions at two mosques in central England.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 18, In Bulgaria demonstrators who have conducted for 35 straight days anti-government protests in Sofia, now called for a round-the-clock blockade of the Parliament building.
    (AP, 7/18/13)
2013        Jul 18, The European Union's top court ruled that EU authorities unfairly froze assets of Yassin Kadi, a Saudi businessman who was accused of financing al-Qaida, by failing to explain why he was targeted.
    (AP, 7/18/13)
2013        Jul 18, Indian paramilitary soldiers fired at protesters in the Kashmir region, killing 4 and wounding 40 members of a crowd demonstrating against what they said was the desecration of the Koran by Indian security forces.
    (Reuters, 7/18/13)
2013        Jul 18, The UN said Namibia, sub-Saharan Africa's driest country, is suffering its worst drought in a generation, with more than 100,000 children at risk of malnutrition.
    (Reuters, 7/18/13)
2013        Jul 18, In Russia Alexei Navalny (37), a leading opposition figure, was convicted of embezzlement and sentenced to five years in prison. He was found guilty of heading a group that embezzled 16 million rubles' ($500,000) worth of timber from state-owned company Kirovles in 2009 while he worked as an unpaid adviser to the provincial governor in Kirov. Co-defendant Pyotr Ofitserov, who was given a four-year sentence.
    (AP, 7/18/13)
2013        Jul 18, In Spain thousands of protesters demanding the resignation of PM Mariano Rajoy demonstrated in Madrid. What started as a peaceful event turned violent toward midnight after riot police clashed with some protesters, resulting in at least several people arrested and injured.
    (AP, 7/18/13)
2013        Jul 18, The World Bank said Iran has not paid back any of its loans to the World Bank for more than six months, a further sign of the strains on the sanctions-hit Iranian economy.
    (Reuters, 7/18/13)

2014        Jul 18, The Obama administration approved the use of sonic cannons to discover oil deposits under the ocean floor of the Eastern seaboard. The sounds posed real dangers for whales, fish and sea turtles.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 18, More than 40 Central American children were expelled from the United States on flights to Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, as the US government stepped up its deportation of illegal child migrants.
    (Reuters, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, California’s Governor Jerry Brown signed a law banning the sale of single-shot handguns that can be altered into semi-automatic weapons, handing a modest victory to proponents of tougher gun laws while striving to protect antique collectors.
    (Reuters, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 18, Colorado's Supreme Court ordered the Denver County clerk to stop issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples pending the resolution of an appeal by the state's attorney general.
    (Reuters, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Colorado state health officials said three more people have been diagnosed with the plague after coming in contact with an infected dog whose owner contracted a life-threatening form of the disease.
    (AP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 17, In NYC Eric Garner (43) died of a heart attack as he struggled under an apparent police choke hold as officers tried to arrest him on suspicion of selling untaxed cigarettes. In Aug 1 a medical examiner ruled that Garner’s death was caused by the choke hold. On Dec 3 a grand jury cleared the police officer involved. US Attorney General Eric Holder said federal authorities would conduct a civil rights investigation. On July 13, 2015, Garner’s family reached a $5.9 million settlement with NYC.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A4)(SFC, 8/2/14, p.A5)(SFC, 12/4/14, p.A10)(SFC, 7/14/15, p.A7)
2014        Jul 18, In Washington state the Carlton Complex of fires destroyed some 100 homes in the Okanagan County town of Pateros. Gov. Jay Inslee said some 50 fires were burning in the state beset by dry weather and lightning. By July 26 the number of homes destroyed was raised to 300. It now covered some 400 square miles and was half contained.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A5)(SFC, 7/26/14, p.A8)
2014        Jul 18, Forbes Media, valued at $475 million, agreed to sell a majority stake to a consortium of Asian investors.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.D3)
2014        Jul 18, Chicago-based Pharmaceutical giant AbbVie agreed to buy Shire, a European rival, for around $54 billion. This will allow AbbVie to relocate to Britain for tax purposes.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.D1)
2014        Jul 18, In Argentina visiting Chinese President Xi Jinping announced huge investments in hydroelectric power, shipbuilding, railways and a deal to help Argentina build its fourth nuclear plant.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 18, In southern China Typhoon Rammasun hit the island of Hainan as over 26,000 people evacuated the area. 9 people were killed and 5 left missing on Hainan. Another 9 were killed as the storm plowed through the Guangxi region on the mainland.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A2)(SFC, 7/21/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 18, The European Union took the next step towards imposing tougher sanctions on Russia for its role in the Ukraine crisis by agreeing the legal basis for widening its list of targets.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 18, Indian government forces used tear gas and wooden canes to disperse hundreds of Kashmiri workers who clashed with them at a sprawling camp for Hindu pilgrims heading for a Himalayan cave, leaving dozens of people injured.
    (AP, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Iran and six world powers failed to meet their target date for cutting a nuclear deal but agreed to extend the talks until Nov 24.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 18, In Iraq jihadists warned all Christians in Mosul to leave by the next day or be killed.
    (Econ, 7/26/14, p.41)
2014        Jul 18, The Israeli military announced its first casualty since the start of a ground operation in Gaza, where health officials said 19 Palestinians have been killed since the ground operation began a day earlier. The Israeli military said it killed 14 militants in different exchanges of fire. 267 Palestinians have been killed since the start of the fighting.
    (AP, 7/18/14)(AFP, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, An Italian appeals court acquitted former Premier Silvio Berlusconi (77) in a sex-for-hire case.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A3)
2014        Jul 18, In Pakistan a group of militants attacked a security checkpoint in Jamrud, a main town in the Khyber tribal region before dawn. 8 security forces and 4 militants were killed. A roadside bomb struck a vehicle carrying police in the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing an officer and wounding two others.
    (AP, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas reached out for French help to lobby Hamas's regional allies to influence it into accepting a truce with Israel. France has asked Qatar, which has close links with Hamas, to use its influence with the Palestinian Islamist group to reach a ceasefire in the conflict in Gaza.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)(Reuters, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Russian President Vladimir Putin called for a ceasefire by pro-Russian separatists and Ukrainian government forces fighting in eastern Ukraine to allow for negotiations.
    (Reuters, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Spanish police in Alicante arrested Hernan Alonso Villa (40), the alleged leader of a Colombian drug trafficking group.
    (SSFC, 7/20/14, p.A7)
2014        Jul 18, Syrian government forces launched a counter-attack to recapture the Shaer gas field seized by Islamic extremists, as the death toll from three days of fighting there rose to more than 200 people killed.
    (AP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 18, In Syria jihadi fighters, mostly foreign extremists, pelted Faddah Ahmad with stones for alleged adultery in Raqqa until her body was dragged away.
    (AP, 8/9/14)
2014        Jul 18, Thailand's former PM Yingluck Shinawatra said she will fight charges related to her ousted government's rice subsidy program, vowing to return home after a planned trip overseas.
    (AP, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, In eastern Ukraine emergency workers, police officers and even off-duty coal miners searched the wreckage of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 shot down a day earlier as it flew miles above the country's battlefield. Ukraine's state aviation service closed the airspace over two regions currently gripped by separatist fighting. 18 civilians were killed by government shelling.
    (AP, 7/18/14)(Econ, 7/26/14,p.20)

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