Today in History - July 19

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64CE        Jul 19, The Circus Maximus in Rome caught fire.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

711        Jul 19, The Muslim troops crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and defeated the Visigoth king Rodrigo at the battle of Guadalete. Berbers under Tarik-ibn Ziyad occupied Northern Spain. The Umayyads with the help of the Berbers in North Africa moved across the Strait of Gibraltar and began the conquest of Spain and Portugal. The word Gibraltar comes from the term Jabal-al-Tarik, which means the hill of Tarik. Gebel-al-Tarik means "Rock of Tarik."
    (www.sispain.org/english/history/visigoth.html)(ATC, p.79)(SFEC, 9/29/96, Z1 p.2)

1510        Jul 19, In Berlin 38 Jews were burned at the stake.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1525        Jul 19, The Catholic princes of Germany formed the Dessau League to fight against the Reformation.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.13)(HN, 7/19/98)

1545        Jul 19, A French fleet entered The Solent, the channel between the Isle of Wight and Hampshire, England, and French troops landed on the Isle of Wight. King Henry VIII of England watched his flagship, Mary Rose, capsize in Portsmouth harbor as it left to battle the French. 73 people died including Roger Grenville, English captain of Mary Rose. The Mary Rose was raised in 1982.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.17)(HN, 7/19/98)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Rose)

1553        Jul 19, 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey, daughter of John Dudley, the Duke of Northumberland, was deposed as Queen of England after claiming the crown for nine days. Mary, the daughter of King Henry VIII, was proclaimed Queen.
    (WSJ, 9/12/96, p.A14)(AP, 7/19/97)

1631        Jul 19, Cesare Cremonini (b.1550), Italian philosopher and lecturer at Padua Univ., died. His skepticism influenced the culture of the late Renaissance. In 2007 Edward Muir authored “The Culture Wars of the Late Renaissance."
    (WSJ, 5/5/07, p.P10)

1788        Jul 19, Prices plunged on the Paris stock market.
    (HN, 7/19/98)

1814        Jul 19, Samuel Colt, inventor of the first practical revolver, was born.
    (HN, 7/19/98)

1821        Jul 19, The coronation of George IV of England was held. His wife, Caroline, was refused admittance. She died Aug 7.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_IV_of_the_United_Kingdom)

1834        Jul 19, Hilaire Germain Edgar Degas (d.1917), French impressionist painter, was born. His mother was a Creole and he journeyed to New Orleans in the 1870s. His work included "The Millinery Shop," "Combing the Hair," "Nude Fixing Her Hair," "Two Dancers" (c1890-1898), "Frieze of Dancers" (1893-1898), "Self Portrait" (c1863-1865 & c1895-1900) and "Blue Dancers" (1895). He also collected art and by the time of his death had amassed more than 500 paintings and 5,000 prints. The collection was auctioned off in Paris from Mar 1918 to Jul 1919. His time in New Orleans is covered in the 1997 book "Degas in New Orleans: Encounters in the Creole World of Kate Chopin and George Washington Cable" by Christopher Benfey.
    (WUD, 1994, p.380)(WSJ, 10/2/96, p.B5)(SFC, 10/22/96,p.E8)(WSJ,10/21/97, p.A20)(SFEC, 1/4/98, BR p.9)(HN, 7/19/98)

1848        Jul 19, The first women’s rights convention convened in Seneca Falls, New York. Organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the two-day convention discussed such topics as voting, property rights and divorce. It launched the women’s suffrage movement. The convention issued a "Declaration of Sentiments" based on the Declaration of Independence. "The ideal newspaper woman has the keen zest for life of a child, the cool courage of a man and the subtlety of a woman." Elizabeth Cady Stanton made her first public speech at the Woman's Rights Convention. After Cady Stanton was denied participation in an anti-slavery convention and was told that women were "constitutionally unfit for public and business meetings," she and four other women, including abolitionist Lucretia Coffin Mott, planned a convention to challenge that notion. They drafted a "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions," 11 resolutions calling for equal rights for women, including the right to vote. After lengthy debate, the document was amended and signed by 68 women and 32 men of the approximately 300 attendees, setting the American women's rights movement in motion. Susan B. Anthony joined the movement in 1852.
    (HNPD, 7/19/98)(SFEC, 7/20/97, Par p.8)(SFEM, 6/28/98, p.30)(SFC, 7/6/98, p.D8)

1849        Jul 19, F.A. Alphonse Aulard, French historian, was born.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1850        Jul 19, Margaret Fuller (b.1810), America’s first foreign correspondent, died aboard the Elizabeth, along with her husband and child, as the ship slammed into a sandbar less than 100 yards from Fire Island, NY. In 2012 John Matteson authored “The Lives of Margaret Fuller."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Fuller)(SSFC, 1/29/12, p.F4)

1860        Jul 19, Lizzie Borden, teacher, famous 1892 murder suspect, was born.
    (HN, 7/19/01)

1862        Jul 19, Nathan Bedford Forrest made his 1st raid.
    (MC, 7/19/02)
1862        Jul 19, Horace Parnell Tuttle, an assistant at Harvard College Observatory, spotted a comet in the constellation of Camelopardalis. Following his announcement Lewis Swift of Marathon, NY, said he had seen the comet three days earlier. The comet came to be called the 109P Swift-Tuttle. In the 1970s British astronomer Brian Marsden (1937-2010) suggested that the comet had already been observed in 1737 and that it would return in 1992, which it did.
    (Econ, 12/4/10, p.111)

1864        Jul 18-20, Battle of Winchester, VA (Stephenson's Depot).
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1865        Jul 19, Charles Horance Mayo (d.1939), American surgeon and co-founder of the Mayo Clinic Foundation for Medical Education and Research, was born. "I have never known a man who died from overwork, but many who died from doubt."
    (HN, 7/19/98)(AP, 12/11/00)

1867        Jul 19, The US enacted reconstruction.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1870        Jul 19, The Franco-Prussian War began. Napoleon declared war on Bismarck. Emperor Napoleon III of France declared war on Germany under Otto von Bismarck. Napoleon was defeated in three months and abdicated.
    (WSJ, 3/14/95, p.A-16)(V.D.-H.K.p.260)(AP, 7/19/07)

1893        Jul 19, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet, was born.
    (HN, 7/19/01)

1896        Jul 19, A.J. Cronin, Scottish novelist (The Citadel, The Keys of the Kingdom), was born.
    (HN, 7/19/01)

1905        Jul 19, Boyd Neel, conductor (Story of an Orch), was born in Blackheath, Kent England.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1916        Jul 19, In the WWI Battle at Fromelles, France, German machine guns and artillery left over 5,500 Australians and over 1,500 British killed, wounded or missing in less than 24 hours.
    (SFC, 7/20/10, p.A2)

1918        Jul 19, German armies retreated across the Marne River in France.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1919        Jul 19, Raymonde de Larouche (1882-1919), French actress and aviatrix, died in a plane crash at Le Crotoy airport in France.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raymonde_de_Laroche)

1922        Jul 19, George McGovern, 1972 Democratic candidate for president of the United States, South Dakota senator, was born.
    (HN, 7/19/98)

1927        Jul 19, Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer, journalist (Albania Defiant), was born.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1938        Jul 19, Richard Jordan, actor (Dune, Old Boyfriends, Gettysburg), was born in NYC.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1940        Jul 19, Hitler ordered Great Britain to surrender.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1941        Jul 19, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill launched his "V for Victory" campaign in Europe. The BBC World Service began regular broadcasting throughout Europe with the opening four notes of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, which in Morse Code spell V for "Victory."
    (AP, 7/19/97)(MC, 7/19/02)

1942        Jul 19, German U-boats were withdrawn from positions off the U.S. Atlantic coast due to effective American anti-submarine countermeasures.
    (HN, 7/19/98)

1943        Jul 19, More than 150 B-17 and 112 B-24 Allied bombers attacked Rome for the first time.
    (AP, 7/19/97)(HN, 7/19/98)
1943        Jul 19, American planes sank the German U-513 submarine off the coast of southern Brazil. In 2011 researchers from the Vale do Itajai University found the submarine off the coast of Santa Catarina state.
    (AP, 7/15/11)

1944        Jul 19, The Democratic National Convention convened in Chicago with the renomination of President Franklin D. Roosevelt considered a foregone certainty.
    (AP, 7/19/08)
1944        Jul 19, Some 1,200 8th Air Force bombers bombed targets in SW Germany. Some 500 15th Air Force Liberators (Flying Fortresses) bombed the Munich vicinity.
    (MC, 7/19/02)
1944        Jul 19, Count Claus von Stauffenberg visited a RC church in Berlin-Dahlem.
    (MC, 7/19/02)
1944        Jul 19, Carl Bock, Danish Gestapo agent, was liquidated.
    (MC, 7/19/02)
1944        Jul 19, Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg 1st met SS ober Sturmbannfuhrer Adolf Eichmann.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1947        Jul 19, Bernie Leadon (The Eagles: Take It Easy, Best of My Love, One of these nights), was born.
    (MC, 7/19/02)
1947        Jul 19, Brian Harold May (Queen: Crazy Little Thing Called Love, Another One Bites the Dust), was born.
    (MC, 7/19/02)
1947        Jul 19, Gerard Schwarz, trumpeter, conductor (LA Chamber Orch), was born in Weehawken, NJ.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1951        Jul 19, In Omaha, Neb., a trenching machine sliced through the main transcontinental telephone cable and disrupted coast-to-coast communication.
    (SFC, 7/13/01, WBb p.6)

1956        Jul 19-20, The US and Britain announced the withdrawal of their aid offers to Egypt for the construction of the Aswan high dam.
    (EWH, 1968, p.1249)

1963        Jul 19, The US Navy accidentally dropped a 2-foot, 25-pound practice bomb on Market St. near Front St. in San Francisco.
    (SSFC, 7/14/13, p.47)

1965        Jul 19, Syngman Rhee (90), president of South-Korea (1948-60), died.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1966        Jul 19, Gov. James Rhodes declared a state of emergency in Cleveland due to a race riot.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1967        Jul 19, The 1st air conditioned NYC subway car was R-38 on the F line.
    (MC, 7/19/02)
1967        Jul 19, Race riots took place in Durham, NC.
    (MC, 7/19/02)

1969        Jul 19, Apollo 11 and its astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins, went into orbit around the moon. The Apollo 11 lunar lander engine was built by TRW.
    (AP, 7/19/99)(F, 10/7/96, p.71)
1969        Jul 19, John Fairfax (1937-2012), British self-proclaimed "professional adventurer," became famous as the first person to row solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Two year later he rowed across the Pacific with his then-girlfriend Sylvia Cook.
    (AFP, 2/19/12)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Fairfax_%28rower%29)

1971        Jul 19, In Sudan a coup was aborted and Pres. Nimeiri was restored to power by loyal troops. He denounced the Communist Party and executed the rebel leaders 4 days later.
    (WUD, 1994, p. 1688)

1974        Jul 19, The House Judiciary Committee recommended that President Richard Nixon should stand trial in the Senate for any of the five impeachment charges against him.
    (HN, 7/19/98)

1975        Jul 19, The Apollo and Soyuz space capsules that were linked in orbit for two days separated.
    (AP, 7/19/97)(HN, 7/19/98)

1979        Jul 19, Two supertankers collided off Tobago and spilled 260,000 tons of oil. It was the worst oil spill to date with 88 million gallons spewed.
    (WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R49)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_oil_spills)
1979        Jul 19, The Nicaraguan capital of Managua fell to Sandinista guerrillas, two days after President Anastasio Somoza fled the country.
    (AP, 7/19/99)

1980        Jul 19, The Moscow Summer Olympics began, minus dozens of nations that were boycotting the games because of the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/19/00)

1981        Jul 19, Louis Cheslock (b.1898), composer and author, died in Baltimore.
    (http://musicsack.com/PersonFMTDetail.cfm?PersonPK=100001960)

1983        Jul 19, In Honduras Reyes Mata, a Cuban-trained doctor and guerrilla leader, led a unit of 96 Nicaraguan-trained rebels and Rev. James F. Carney into the Olancho. They were routed by the Honduran army. American CIA records, disclosed in 1998, reported that Mata was tortured and executed by the Honduran army.
    (SFC, 11/5/98, p.C4)(www.fas.org/sgp/congress/hr051198/valladares.html)

1984        Jul 19, U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York won the Democratic nomination for vice president at the party's convention in San Francisco. Pasqua Coffee sold 16,000 cups of premium coffee from a pushcart at the Moscone Center.
    (AP, 7/19/97)(SFEM, 8/1/99, p.8)

1985        Jul 19, Christa McAuliffe of New Hampshire was chosen to be the first schoolteacher to ride aboard the space shuttle. McAuliffe and six other crew members died (1/28/96) when the Challenger exploded shortly after liftoff.
    (SFC, 12/18/96, p.A3)(TMC, 1994, p.1986)(AP, 7/19/97)

1986        Jul 19, Caroline Kennedy, daughter of President John F. Kennedy, married Edwin A. Schlossberg in Centerville, Massachusetts.
    (AP, 7/19/00)

1988        Jul 19, Jesse Jackson brought his 1988 presidential campaign to an emotionally charged close at the Democratic National Convention in Atlanta, telling party faithful to unite because "the only time we win is when we come together."
    (HN, 7/19/98)

1989        Jul 19, In Iowa 112 people were killed when a United Air Lines DC-10 crashed while making an emergency landing at Sioux City; 184 other people survived. In 2014 Laurence Gonzales authored “Flight 232: A Story of Disaster and Survival."
    (AP, 7/19/08)(SSFC, 7/27/14, p.N2)

1990        Jul 19, President Bush joined former presidents Ronald Reagan, Gerald R. Ford and Richard M. Nixon at ceremonies dedicating the Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, California.
    (AP, 7/19/00)
1990        Jul 19, Baseball’s all-time hits leader Pete Rose was sentenced in Cincinnati to five months in prison for tax evasion.
    (AP, 7/19/00)

1991        Jul 19, President Bush toured the Souda Bay US naval base during a visit to Greece.
    (AP, 7/19/01)
1991        Jul 19, Boxer Mike Tyson had sex with Desiree Washington, a Miss Black America contestant. On September 9, 1991, an Indiana Grand Jury voted to indict Tyson on three counts, including one for the rape of Washington. Tyson was convicted on February 10, 1992 and was imprisoned.
    (www.cyberboxingzone.com/boxing/tysonrec.htm)
1991        Jul 19, The South African government acknowledged that it had been giving money to the Inkatha Freedom Party, the main rival of the African National Congress.
    (AP, 7/19/01)

1992        Jul 19, US Secretary of State James A. Baker III opened a fresh round of Mideast diplomacy, meeting in Jerusalem with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and other officials.
    (AP, 7/19/97)
1992        Jul 19, Paolo Borsellino, Italian anti-mafia judge, was murdered by mafia. In 2014 An Italian newspaper reported that the remote control to detonate the bomb that killed anti-Mafia prosecutor Paolo Borsellino was hidden inside the intercom at his mother's Palermo residence.
    (http://paolo-borsellino.biography.ms/)(AP, 3/12/14)

1993        Jul 19, President Clinton fired FBI Director William Sessions, citing "serious questions" about Sessions' conduct and leadership.
    (HN, 7/19/98)
1993        Jul 19, President Clinton announced a compromise allowing homosexuals to serve in the military, but only if they refrained from all homosexual activity, under a compromise dubbed "don't ask, don't tell, don't pursue."
    (HN, 7/19/98)(AP, 7/19/08)
1993        Jul 19, Szymon Goldberg (84), Polish-born violinist, conductor, died in Japan. He became a US citizen in 1953 and two years later founded the Netherlands Chamber Orchestra.
    (http://memory.loc.gov/diglib/ihas/loc.natlib.ihas.200152693/default.html)

1994        Jul 19, A bomb ripped apart a Panama commuter plane, killing 21, including 12 Jews, a day after a car bomb destroyed a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 95 people.
    (AP, 7/19/99)
1994        Jul 19, Funeral services were held for North Korean dictator Kim Il Sung, who had died July 8 at age 82.
    (AP, 7/19/99)

1995        Jul 19, Las Vegas Review-Journal columnist, John L. Smith, authored a book due out Aug, 1999, titled: "Running Scared: The Dangerous Life and Treacherous Times of Las Vegas Casino King Steve Wynn."
    (RNR, 7/19/95, p. 10)
1995        Jul 19, President Clinton firmly rejected calls for dismantling affirmative action programs.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
1995        Jul 19, A pair of House subcommittees held a joint hearing on the federal government’s raid on the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas.
    (AP, 7/19/00)
1995        Jul 19, The Dow Jones industrial average ended at 4628.87, down 57.41, after plunging more than 130 points earlier in the session.
    (AP, 7/19/00)

1996        Jul 19, The 26th summer Olympics opening ceremonies began in Atlanta, Georgia. The photo finish was computerized and in color for track and field events. Beach volleyball was inaugurated as an Olympic sport.
    (WSJ, 7/19/96, p.A1)(AP, 7/19/97)(SFC, 8/23/04, p.C3)(NG, 8/04, Geographica)
1996        Jul 19, A Food and Drug Administration advisory committee recommended, with some conditions, that the abortion-inducing drug RU-486 be approved.
    (AP, 7/19/97)
1996        Jul 19, Bosnian Serb official Radovan Karadzic yielded to international pressure to give up all political power after negotiations led by US envoy Richard Holbrooke.
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.A8)(AP, 7/19/97)
1996        Jul 19, In China the Yangtze River threatened to burst its banks. Workers used 500 tons of rice in sacks to fill gaps in the banks. Millions were left homeless and 716 were reported dead.
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.A8)
1996        Jul 19, In Sri Lanka Tamil rebels sank a navy gunboat with 40 members. The Tigers claim to have killed 500 government soldiers at the Mullaitivu camp.
    (SFC, 7/20/96, p.A8)

1997        Jul 19, Eleven armored carriers from NATO gathered in a show of force near the home of ousted Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, Bosnia's No. 1 war crimes suspect.
    (HN, 7/19/98)
1997        Jul 19, In Bosnia the Serb Democratic Party expelled Pres. Biljana Plavsic after she threatened to arrest Karadzic and his allies for rampant corruption.
    (SFC, 7/21/97, p.A8)
1997        Jul 19, In Cambodia Hun Sen rejected a peace plan proposed by the 7-nation ASEAN group.
    (SFEC, 7/20/97, p.A19)
1997        Jul 19, In Indonesia a court sentenced 16 people to jail terms of 2-7 months for the May rioting that left 123 dead on Borneo.
    (WSJ, 7/21/97, p.A1)
1997        Jul 19, The Irish Republican Army declared a new cease-fire and opened the way for supporters to join peace talks with Northern Ireland's pro-British Protestants.
    (HN, 7/19/98)

1998        Jul 19, Workers for Saturn Corp., a division of GM in Tennessee, authorized union leaders to call their first-ever strike.
    (SFEC, 7/20/98, p.A1)
1998        Jul 19, Seeking to break a 16-month deadlock, Israel and the Palestinians held their first high-level talks in months.
    (AP, 7/19/99)
1998        Jul 19, Seeking to break a 16-month deadlock, Israel and the Palestinians held their first high-level talks in months. Jalal Rumaneh (30), a member of Hamas, attempted to explode a car bomb made of 160 gallons of flammable liquid and nails in Jerusalem. The Fiat van ignited but failed to explode.
    (SFEC, 7/20/98, p.A9)(AP, 7/19/08)
1998        Jul 19, In North Belfast Andrew Kearney (33) was shot in the ankle and behind each knee in retaliation for a bar fight with an IRA man. He bled to death in a lift before help arrived.
    (SFC, 9/3/98, p.A14)
1998        Jul 19, In Russia Pres. Yeltsin decreed economic reforms that were rejected by his parliament in order to obtain IMF funds to stabilize the ruble.
    (SFEC, 7/20/98, p.A9)
1998        Jul 19, In Kosovo, Yugoslavia, Albanian separatists claimed to have take the town of Orahovac with 20,000 residents. Serbs forces denied the claim. Hundreds of Serb police battled secessionist guerrillas for control of the central Kosovo town of Orahovac.
    (SFEC, 7/20/98, p.A10)(AP, 7/19/99)

1999        Jul 19, Federal officials said radar data showed the plane piloted by John F. Kennedy Junior dropped 11,000 feet in just 14 seconds. Senator Edward Kennedy released a statement saying, "We are filled with unspeakable grief and sadness by the loss of John and Carolyn and of Lauren Bessette."
    (AP, 7/19/00)
1999        Jul 19, Carleton "Carly" Fiorina (44) was named the new president and CEO of Hewlett Packard Co. She was brought over from Lucent Tech. and became the 3rd woman running a Fortune 500 company. In 2003 George Anders authored "Perfect Enough," a look at HP and Fiorina’s efforts. In 2003 Peter Burrows authored "Backfire," a look at Fiorina’s past work.
    (SFC, 7/20/99, p.A1)(WSJ, 2/7/03, p.W12)
1999        Jul 19, In Nanaimo, BC, public hearings began on the expropriation of a 140-square-mile area of Nanoose Bay by the Canadian federal government from the province. The area was used by the US for torpedo testing.
    (SFC, 7/22/99, p.C2)
1999        Jul 19, China began arresting 70 members of the Fulan Gong in raids in at least 15 cities.
    (SFC, 7/21/99, p.A10)
1999        Jul 19, In Iran the secret police alleged that student leader Manouchehr Mohammadi had confessed to serving US-based "spies and Zionists."
    (SFC, 7/20/99, p.A12)
1999        Jul 19, Off the Nicaragua coast a lobster boat with 72 people sank. 64 were rescued and 18 were missing. All 18 were later recovered. A plane with 16 people was presumed crashed in the Nicaragua jungle.
    (SFC, 7/21/99, p.C2)(SFC, 7/23/99, p.A12)

2000        Jul 19, President Clinton shuttled between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and his own experts during peace talks at Camp David after delaying his departure for an economic summit in Japan.
    (SFC, 7/19/00, p.A1)(AP, 7/19/01)   
2000        Jul 19, The US announced a plan to offer sub-Saharan African nations $1 billion in loans through the Export-Import Bank to finance the purchase of American AIDS drugs and medical services.
    (SFC, 7/19/00, p.A10)
2000        Jul 19, In Belgium the World Diamond Congress approved measures to track diamonds and penalties for dealers who break rules and buy or sell "blood diamonds," those sold to support civil wars.
    (SFC, 7/20/00, p.A12)
2000        Jul 19, In Chechnya 7 Russian servicemen were killed in 4 Russian-controlled areas.
    (SFC, 7/21/00, p.B10)
2000        Jul 19, In Tilaran, Costa Rica, a nursing-home fire killed 17 elderly people.
    (WSJ, 7/20/00, p.A1)
2000        Jul 19, In Okinawa over 25,000 demonstrators formed a chain around a US Air Base to protest American presence ahead of the G-8 meeting.
    (SFC, 7/21/00, p.A8)
2000        Jul 19, In North Korea Russia’s Pres. Putin met with Kim Jong Il. Kim promised to abandon his missile program if other states provide technology for "peaceful space research.’ Kim later said this was just a joke.
    (SFC, 7/20/00, p.A13)(WSJ, 8/15/00, p.A1)
2000        Jul 19, In Russia the Duma passed legislation that gave Pres. Putin the right to fire provincial governors and took away the governor’s automatic immunity and membership in the Federation Council.
    (SFC, 7/20/00, p.A16)

2001        Jul 19, The US joined major powers in calling for 3rd parties to monitor a cease-fire between Israel and the Palestinians.
    (SFC, 7/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Jul 19, The Roman Catholic Church declared that Mormon converts must be rebaptized.
    (SFC, 7/20/01, p.A9)
2001        Jul 19, The Code Red computer worm began hitting Internet-connected computers, exploiting a flaw in Microsoft software. This was among the first network worms to spread rapidly because it required only a network connection, not a human opening an attachment.
    (SFC, 7/30/01, p.D1)(SFC, 9/3/07, p.C3)
2001        Jul 19, Gunther Gebel-Williams (b.1934), circus animal trainer died in Venice, Florida.
    (AP, 7/16/02)(NW, 12/31/01, p.107)
2001        Jul 19, In Argentina workers staged a nationwide strike due to government spending cuts.
    (SFC, 7/20/01, p.A17)
2001        Jul 19, It was reported that 2 Belarussian defectors alleged that the Lukashenko regime ran a death squad that had killed as many as 30 foes.
    (WSJ, 7/19/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 19, British millionaire author Jeffrey Archer (61) was convicted on perjury charges and sentenced to 4 years in jail.
    (SFC, 7/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Jul 19, Scientists in Chad found fossils in the Djurab desert of a human ancestor that they later dated to 6-7 million years BP. In 2002 they named the group Sahelanthropus tchadensis (with the nickname Toumaï, "hope of life" in the Goran language).
    (NW, 7/22/02, p.46)
2001        Jul 19, In the West Bank Jewish extremists, who identified themselves as the Committee for Road Safety, killed 3 Palestinians including a 3-month-old girl, in a drive-by shooting near Hebron.
    (SFC, 7/20/01, p.A14)
2001        Jul 19, Japanese prosecutors charged a U.S. airman with rape in an alleged attack on a woman in Okinawa. Air Force Staff Sgt. Timothy Woodland was later convicted and sentenced to nearly three years in prison.
    (AP, 7/16/02)
2001        Jul 19, In Nepal PM Girija Prasad Koirala resigned over pressures from a bribery scandal in his government.
    (SFC, 7/20/01, p.D3)

2002        Jul 19, The Dow Jones industrials dipped below their post-terrorist attack lows in a 390-point sell-off.
    (AP, 7/19/03)
2002        Jul 19, Alejandro Avila was arrested in connection with the slaying of 5-year-old Samantha Runnion of Stanton, Calif.
    (AP, 7/19/03)
2002        Jul 19, ConAgra Beef Co. began recalling 19 million pounds of beef, manufactured in Greeley, Colo., over the last 3 months, due to possible E. coli contamination.
    (SFC, 7/20/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 19, US and British warplanes destroyed a military communications facility in southern Iraq. Iraq said the strike killed 5 people including a couple and their children.
    (SFC, 7/20/02, p.A11)
2002        Jul 19, Alexander I. Ginzburg (65), Russian-born poet, died in Paris. In 1959 he created the 1st samizdat (self-published journal) of the post-Stalin period. He was flown to the US in 1979 as part of an exchange for Soviet spies.
    (SSFC, 7/21/02, p.A27)
2002        Jul 19, Alan Lomax (87), musicologist and son of folklorist John A. Lomax, died in Safety Harbor, Fla. His books included the book "The Land Where the Blues Began." In 2010 John Szwed authored “Alan Lomax: The Man Who Recorded the World."
    (SFC, 7/20/02, p.A20)(SSFC, 1/23/11, p.G5)
2002        Jul 19, In Australia Evdokia Petrov (88), former Soviet Union spy, died in Melbourne. She lived under the name Maria Anna Allyson. Her husband Vladimir Petrov (1991) was the third secretary at the Soviet embassy in Australia and also covertly served as a KGB spy. They defected in 1954.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 19, Britain's government said it would pay $7 million in compensation to more than 220 Kenyans who say they are victims of unexploded ammunition left behind by British troops.
    (AP, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 19, In Britain authorities reported that family doctor Harold Shipman, Britain's worst serial killer, murdered 215 of his patients in 23 years as a trusted small-town practitioner. [see Jun, 1998]
    (AP, 7/19/02)(SFC, 7/20/02, p.A8)
2002        Jul 19, In Bolivia a crowded bus plunged into a ravine in an Andean road near La Paz, killing 19 and injuring 15.
    (AP, 7/19/02)
2002        Jul 19, In central China a downpour of giant hailstones, some the size of eggs, killed 15 people and left hospitals overflowing with head-wound victims.
    (Reuters, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 19, In eastern Guatemala a passenger bus slammed head-on into a semi truck, killing 16 people.
    (AP, 7/19/02)
2002        Jul 19, Tens of thousands of Iranians took to the streets of the capital condemning President Bush for criticizing their government with calls of "Death to America" and "Death to Bush."
    (AP, 7/19/02)
2002        Jul 19, Israel introduced collective punishment on the family of Ali Ajouri, following his role in the July 17 suicide bombing.
    (AP, 8/8/02)
2002        Jul 19, Italy took steps to return the prized Axum obelisk to Ethiopia. The 1,700-year-old monument was hauled off by Italian forces after their 1937 invasion of the African country.
    (AP, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 19, In Abiteye, Nigeria, unarmed women occupying at least four ChevronTexaco facilities took two hostages in a bid to meet with oil executives.
    (AP, 7/20/02)
2002        Jul 19, In Saudi Arabia a passenger bus collided head on with a truck and caught fire outside the holy city of Mecca, killing 26 people and injuring 24 others. 
    (AP, 7/21/02)

2003        Jul 19, In Spinboldak, Afghanistan, US forces, backed by helicopter gunships, killed up to 24 suspected Taliban insurgents after their convoy came under attack.
    (AP, 7/21/03)
2003        Jul 19, The first Human Tongue Transplant took place in Vienna, Austria. Tongue transplants had been performed for years on animals, but this was the first attempt at transplanting a human tongue. It was carried out at Memorial University Hospital in Vienna, Austria during a 14-hour operation by Dr. Rolf Ewers and eight surgeons. It was performed on an unidentified 42-year-old patient who was suffering from a malignant tumor affecting his tongue and jaw. Doctors believed he would ultimately be able to talk, have feeling and limited movement, but probably won’t regain the sensation of taste.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5ehhps)(http://www.newscientist.com/article.ns?id=dn3964)
2003        Jul 19, In southern China a bus plunged more than 300 feet off a cliff, killing 23 people.
    (AP, 7/21/03)
2003        Jul 19, In Jakarta, Indonesia, Budiarto Angsono, president of the PT Asaba computer firm, along with his bodyguard, were murdered. Police said it was likely the work of hitmen. Hiring a hitman to kill was said to cost about $2,300.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2003        Jul 19, In Kenya a twin-engine plane carrying 12 American tourists and two South African crew members en route to a game reserve crashed into Mount Kenya, apparently killing everyone on board.
    (AP, 7/20/03)

2004        Jul 19, A 3-day meeting of the US National Governors Association ended in Seattle.
    (SFC, 7/19/04, p.A7)
2004        Jul 19, Lori Hacking (27) of Salt Lake City, Utah, went missing. Her husband Mark (28) said she failed to return from a jog. She was reportedly five weeks pregnant. Police found her husband Mark Hacking running naked around a motel not far from his home the next day. He was put into a psychiatric hospital after police found him. Police arrested Hacking on Aug 2 and filed 1st degree murder charges on Aug 9. In 2005 Mark Hacking pleaded guilty to her murder. On June 6, 2005, Mark Hacking was sentenced 6 years to life in prison, the maximum the judge could give under Utah law. Under Utah's system of indeterminate criminal sentences.
    (SFC, 8/2/04, p.A3)(SFC, 8/3/04, p.A2)(SFC, 8/10/04, p.A4)(SFC, 4/16/05, p.A5)
2004        Jul 19, An Egyptian truck driver held hostage for two weeks by insurgents in Iraq was freed and taken to the Egyptian Embassy.
    (AP, 7/19/04)
2004        Jul 19, Indian Foreign Minister Natwar Singh said he would push for progress in talks to promote better ties with Pakistan when he meets Pakistani leaders this week.
    (AP, 7/19/04)
2004        Jul 19, Iraq announced the appointment of 43 new ambassadors in its first move to re-engage with the world.
    (AP, 7/19/04)
2004        Jul 19, A suicide bomber in a fuel truck blew it up at a police station in southwest Baghdad, killing nine people and wounding about 60.
    (AP, 7/19/04)
2004        Jul 19, An Israeli aircraft struck a Palestinian militant safe house at a beach camp near Gaza City, wounding three fighters.
    (AP, 7/19/04)
2004        Jul 19, Zenko Suzuki, former prime minister of Japan (1980-1982), died.
    (SFC, 7/21/04, p.B7)
2004        Jul 19, Kashmir militants attacked a Congress party rally in Duru and killed 5 people.
    (WSJ, 7/20/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 19, The car of a Hezbollah militia official exploded as he was leaving his home in southern Beirut, killing him in an attack the Islamic militant group said was a "brazen crime" by Israel that would be avenged.
    (AP, 7/19/04)
2004        Jul 19, The Philippines said that it has completed the withdrawal of its peacekeeping contingent from Iraq.
    (AP, 7/19/04)
2004        Jul 19, President Vladimir Putin dismissed the military's chief of general staff and other top military and law enforcement officials after a devastating assault by militants in southern Russia last month.
    (AP, 7/19/04)
2004        Jul 19, In eastern Ukraine a coal mine methane gas explosion killed at least 34 miners near Donetsk.
    (AP, 7/20/05)

2005        Jul 19, President Bush announced his choice of federal appeals court judge John G. Roberts Jr. (50) to replace Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. Roberts ended up succeeding Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, who died in September 2005.
    (AP, 7/20/05)(SFC, 7/20/05, p.A1)(AP, 7/19/06)
2005        Jul 19, In Phoenix, Az., a blistering 4-day heat wave was blamed for the deaths of 12 people. 10 were homeless; the other two were elderly women.
    (AP, 7/20/05)
2005        Jul 19, Computer and printer maker Hewlett-Packard Co. said it will cut 14,500 jobs and overhaul its retirement program in a restructuring plan designed to save $1.9 billion annually.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 19, Miroslav Bralo (37), former Bosnian Croat special forces soldier, pleaded guilty to war crimes at the Yugoslav tribunal in the Hague. Bralo was a member of an infamous unit, known as "the Jokers," responsible for attacks on Bosnian Muslim villages in the Lasva Valley of central Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1993.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 19, British firm SABMiller announced a $7.8 billion purchase of Grupo Empresarial Bavaria, South America’s 2nd largest brewer.
    (Econ, 7/23/05, p.61)
2005        Jul 19, Insurgents set off a bomb near a police minibus in breakaway Chechnya after luring the security forces into a trap, killing 14 people, including two children, and wounding more than 20 others.
    (AP, 7/20/05)
2005        Jul 19, Egypt said that Magdy el-Nashar, the detained chemist wanted by Britain for questioning about the London bombings, had no links to the July 7 attacks or to al-Qaida.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 19, In Guatemala a judge issued an arrest warrant for former President Alfonso Portillo (2000-2004) in connection with the alleged misuse of millions of dollars during his tenure. Portillo, who fled to Mexico, is accused of authorizing the transfer of $16 million from the finance department to the defense department, where investigators allege much of it was converted to cash and pocketed by officials close to Portillo.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 19, Iran publicly executed two teenagers accusing them of raping a 13-year-old boy and having gay sex, according to Iran's ISNA news agency. Before Mahmoud Asgari and Ayaz Marhoni were executed in Edalat ("Justice") Square in Mashhad, they were held in prison for 14 months and lashed 228 times.
    (AP, 7/22/05)(http://tinyurl.com/q7qyt)
2005        Jul 19, US Army soldier Lavena Johnson (b.1985) of Missouri was apparently raped and murdered while on duty in Iraq. A DOD report said she had killed herself.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaVena_Johnson)(Econ, 10/19/13, p.35)
2005        Jul 19, One of the Sunni Arabs appointed to a committee to draft Iraq's constitution was assassinated in a drive-by shooting. Mijbil Issa was gunned down, along with two bodyguards, in the Karradah area of Baghdad. Gunmen opened fire on a minibus carrying Iraqi workers to a U.S. airbase in central Iraq, killing 13.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 19, Israeli police encircled thousands of Gaza withdrawal opponents, confining them to a fenced-in farming village to prevent them from marching to the nearby Gaza Strip. Israeli and Palestinian leaders announced a fresh truce.
    (AP, 7/19/05)(Econ, 7/23/05, p.41)
2005        Jul 19, Fouad Siniora succeeded Najib Mikati as PM of Lebanon.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fouad_Siniora)
2005        Jul 19, In Mexico City soccer coach Ruben Omar Romano was kidnapped following a practice session with his team Cruz Azul.
    (SFC, 7/21/05, p.A6)
2005        Jul 19, In Nepal police broke up a demonstration in the capital by hundreds of students protesting the king's seizure of absolute power.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 19, In Niger some 3.6 million people were in need of food, among them 800,000 malnourished children. About 150,000 could die unless food arrives quickly in the impoverished West African nation of 13 million.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 19, In Senegal ministers, entrepreneurs and trade experts from 35 African countries and the US began to plot ways to give African goods a better shot at US markets and find means to boost non-oil exports from the poorest continent. Senegal was one of 37 African countries eligible to participate in the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), signed in 2000 by US president Bill Clinton that gives African exports duty-free status on the US market.
    (AFP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 19, In his first decrees as Sudan's No. 2 leader, former rebel chief John Garang dissolved his guerrilla movement and dismissed all government officials in 10 southern states.
    (AP, 7/19/05)
2005        Jul 19, A top Turkish general said the US had given direct orders for the capture of rebel Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) leaders in Iraq.
    (AP, 7/19/05)

2006        Jul 19, President Bush used his first veto to underscore his politically risky stand against federal funding for the embryonic stem cell research that most Americans support.
    (Reuters, 7/20/06)
2006        Jul 19, Chicago prosecutors reported that local police tortured scores of black suspects from the 1970s to the 1980s to extract confessions, but that the cases were too old or too weak to prosecute.
    (SFC, 7/20/06, p.A4)
2006        Jul 19, The Dow Jones rose 212.19 to 11,011 and Nasdaq closed up 37.49 to 2,080 following remarks by Ben Bernanke that inflation seems to be under control.
    (SFC, 7/19/06, p.C1)
2006        Jul 19, Alain Rappaport premiered the web site www.medstory.com, a consumer search product for information on health and medicine.
    (SFC, 7/19/06, p.C1)
2006        Jul 19, Jack Warden (b.1920), an Emmy-winning and Academy Award-nominated actor, died in NYC. He played gruff cops, coaches and soldiers in a career that spanned five decades and included almost 100 feature films.
    (AP, 7/22/06)(SFC, 7/22/06, p.B6)
2006        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan coalition forces retook Garmser and killed 2 Taliban.
    (SFC, 7/20/06, p.A13)
2006        Jul 19, Britain faced the hottest day ever recorded in July as a heat wave swept much of Europe. Temperatures hit 96.6 degrees south of London.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 19, In Canada teamsters railway workers said they initiated a strike against Canadian National Railway in an effort to resolve a long-standing contract dispute.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 19, Doku Umarov, the leader of the Chechen rebels, dismissed a Russian amnesty offer, saying attacks outside his home region would be his rebels' answer to Moscow.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 19, It was reported that factories and cities in China dump some 40-60 billion tons of waste-water and sewage into lakes and rivers each year.
    (WSJ, 7/19/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 19, Director Gerard Oury (87), a cultural icon of France whose decades-old comedies remain hits today, died at his Riviera home. His top hits include the 1973 movie "Les Aventures de Rabbi Jacob" (The Mad Adventures of Rabbi Jacob).
    (AP, 7/20/06)
2006        Jul 19, In Iraq gunmen kidnapped 20 employees of a government agency that cares for Sunni mosques and shrines nationwide, and the organization suspended its work until further notice. At least 49 people were killed in a string of bombings and shootings, mostly in Baghdad. Sixteen other bodies were found in widely separate parts of the country, apparent victims of sectarian death squads. An explosion in a cafe killed 5 people in Kirkuk. In Basra assailants slit the throats of a mother and her 3 children and killed the mother’s sister. The family had fled there to escape threats that they had cooperated with Americans.
    (AP, 7/19/06)(SFC, 7/20/06, p.A3)
2006        Jul 19, A government report said Ireland's population has surged this year to a modern high of more than 4.2 million people largely because of immigrants from the newest EU nations.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 19, Israeli troops clashed with Hezbollah guerrillas on the Lebanese side of the border, while warplanes flattened buildings and killed at least 56 people overnight as fighting entered its second week with the US signaling it will not push Israel toward a fast cease-fire. Lebanon's PM Fuad Saniora called for a cease-fire and said that 300 people have been killed, 1,000 have been wounded and a half-million displaced in Israel's eight-day-old onslaught on Lebanon. Hezbollah rockets slammed into the Arab-Israeli town of Nazareth killing two young brothers as they played outside and wounding 18 other people.
    (AP, 7/19/06)(Reuters, 7/19/06)(SFC, 7/20/06, p.A10)
2006        Jul 19, Israeli forces killed six Palestinians after tanks moved into a refugee camp in central Gaza under cover of machine gun fire.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 19, In Nigeria a 4-story apartment building collapsed overnight in Lagos. Red Cross officials confirmed that at least 24 people were killed.
    (AFP, 7/20/06)
2006        Jul 19, Pakistani police mounted more raids to catch suspected Taliban fighters living in Baluchistan province. Police said more than 200 Afghans have been arrested in the last 3 days.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 19, South Korea's president condemned North Korea for potentially sparking an arms race with its recent missile launches, while the North said it was ending reunions between relatives separated by the Korean Peninsula divide. An aid group in North Korea said floods and landslides have left more than 100 people dead or missing.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 19, Sweden launched a fresh effort to salvage Sri Lanka's troubled truce as ceasefire monitors reported at least 900 people killed in a surge of ethnic violence since December.
    (AP, 7/19/06)
2006        Jul 19, Taiwan’s largest air carrier launched the 1st direct cargo flight between the island and China since 1949.
    (WSJ, 7/20/06, p.A6)

2007        Jul 19, A federal judge dismissed a lawsuit brought by former CIA operative Valerie Plame, who was demanding money from Bush administration officials she blamed for leaking her agency identity.
    (AP, 7/19/08)
2007        Jul 19, The prices of lead and tin hit historic peaks in London, supported by tight global supplies and fierce demand for both base metals.
    (AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 19, Taliban gunmen abducted 23 members of a South Korean church group in southern Afghanistan. The next day a purported spokesman for the Islamic militia said it will question them about their activities in Afghanistan before deciding their fate. Two hostages were fatally shot; the rest were later freed. In northern Afghanistan a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a police station, killing one civilian and wounding 25 other people. In Helmand's Marja district, Taliban militants ambushed police, leaving six officers dead and two others wounded. 2 separate bombings in southern Afghanistan left five civilians dead, while a Taliban ambush killed six police officers. A car bomb targeting a US-led coalition convoy in Helmand province's Sangin district killed two civilians and wounded two coalition troops. A mine exploded under a civilian car in Kandahar province's Zhari district, killing three civilians.
    (AP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/20/07)(AP, 7/19/08)
2007        Jul 19, The Armenian-controlled breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh held a presidential election amid a rumbling dispute with Azerbaijan over the mountainous enclave's unrecognized independence.
    (AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 19, Up to 50 migrants were missing in rough seas south of the Canary Islands after their boat capsized.
    (AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 19, In southern Hungary a tourist bus collided with a truck. The truck driver and six bus passengers were killed, and 16 others were injured.
    (AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 19, Lawmakers voted in an election widely expected to give India its first female president. Pratibha Patil (72), governor of the northwestern state of Rajasthan, was said to have been selected for her unswerving devotion to Sonia Gandhi, leader of the Congress party, and Gandhi's powerful family, which has historically controlled the party. Pratibha Patil was elected as the country's first female president in a vote seen as a victory for the hundreds of millions of Indian women who contend with widespread discrimination. An Indian anti-terror court sentenced three more men to death for their involvement in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai in 1993 which killed 257 people.
    (AP, 7/19/07)(AFP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/21/07)
2007        Jul 19, Sunni lawmakers ended their five-week boycott of parliament, raising hopes the factious assembly can make progress on benchmark legislation demanded by Washington. The bodies of two men with bullets in their heads were found dumped near a Sunni mosque in Baghdad. A Kurdish political party member was ambushed and killed in eastern Mosul. Gunmen firing from a speeding car killed a bodyguard of a Sunni parliament member in Mosul. Assailants blew up two bridges in Haditha overnight. The US said two American soldiers have been charged with killing an Iraqi on June 23 near Kirkuk. Insurgents killed three British troops and two American soldiers in separate attacks in southern and central Iraq.
    (AP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/20/07)
2007        Jul 19, In Pakistan 30 elders from several tribal regions in the northwest traveled to North Waziristan in the latest government-backed effort to persuade militants to reverse their decision to end a peace deal. 3 suicide bombings killed at least 51 people. A suicide bomber hit a convoy of Chinese workers passing though the main bazaar in Hub, killing 29 Pakistani bystanders and police, and prompting Musharraf to call for national unity against extremists. A suicide attacker detonated a bomb at a mosque in an army cantonment in the northwestern town of Kohat, killing at least 15 people. A suicide car bomber detonated his explosives when guards prevented him from entering the parade ground of a police academy in another northwestern town, Hangu. Six bystanders and one policeman died.
    (AP, 7/19/07)(AP, 7/20/07)
2007        Jul 19, About 2,000 people protested at the border terminal between Egypt and the Gaza Strip, demanding the crossing be opened to allow thousands of Palestinians trapped in Egypt to return.
    (AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 19, Peru's public school teachers ended a 15-day strike against a new law requiring them to take competency tests after government officials agreed to talks on their demand for better training.
    (AP, 7/20/07)
2007        Jul 19, Rev. Giancarlo Bossi (57), an Italian priest held hostage for over a month in the southern Philippines, was released.
    (AP, 7/20/07)
2007        Jul 19, Russia announced the tit-for-tat expulsion of four British diplomats, a visa ban on British officials and the suspension of bilateral counter-terrorism cooperation amid a mounting diplomatic row. US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice called on Russia to honor Britain's request to extradite the chief suspect over the murder of former agent Alexander Litvinenko.
    (AFP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 19, A 30-minute gunbattle rocked Mogadishu in the hours before a long-awaited Somali peace conference was set to begin. At least two people were killed.
    (AP, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 19, Sudan’s head of civil defense said more than 50 people have been killed and 20 injured in the worst floods in living memory which have partially or completely destroyed 18,000 homes.
    (Reuters, 7/19/07)
2007        Jul 19, A UN-backed court sentenced three former rebel leaders to prison, the first punishments handed down by the war crimes tribunal since it was set up five years ago after Sierra Leone's decade-long conflict ended. Alex Tamba Brima (35) and Santigie Borbor Kanu (42) were each given 50-year jail terms, while Brima Bazzy Kamara (39) received 45 years.
    (AP, 7/19/07)

2008        Jul 19, Democratic presidential contender Barack Obama started a campaign-season tour of combat zones and foreign capitals, visiting with US forces in Kuwait and then Afghanistan — the scene of a war he says deserves more attention and more troops. Afghan troops clashed with Taliban insurgents in Zabul province attacking a supply convoy for NATO troops, killing nine militants. Roadside bombs in Kandahar province killed a NATO soldier in a separate convoy and four policemen. In Helmand province militants attacked a police checkpoint and in the ensuing gunfight three Taliban fighters were killed. NATO forces accidentally killed at least four civilians in eastern Paktika province.
    (AP, 7/19/08)(AP, 7/20/08)
2008        Jul 19, The Arab League criticized the International Criminal Court's prosecutor for seeking the arrest of Sudan's president on genocide charges, saying diplomacy should be given a priority to solve the conflict in Darfur.
    (Reuters, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 19, In Sidney, Australia, Pope Benedict apologized directly for the first time for sexual abuse of minors by Catholic clergy, but victims groups said they wanted action and not words.
    (Reuters, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 19, Brazilian actress and comedian Dercy Goncalves (101), known for her vulgar wit and scandalous behavior, died in Rio de Janeiro.
    (AP, 7/20/08)
2008        Jul 19, In Bogota the presidents of Brazil and Colombia vowed to boost trade and investment between their nations ahead of crucial world trade talks next week.
    (AP, 7/20/08)
2008        Jul 19, Czech police said a 21-year-old British man, wanted for child sex and pornography offences in Britain, has been detained in a Prague suburb where he had been in hiding for two years.
    (AFP, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 19, In Germany more than 1.5 million revelers danced through the streets of Dortmund at the annual Love Parade techno music festival.
    (AP, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 19, In Geneva a decision to bend policy and sit down with Iran at nuclear talks fizzled, with Iran stonewalling Washington and 5 other world powers on their call to freeze uranium enrichment.
    (AP, 7/20/08)
2008        Jul 19, Iraq's largest Sunni Arab political bloc ended a nearly yearlong boycott of the Shiite-led government in another step toward healing the sectarian rifts that once brought almost daily bloodshed. In Baghdad British PM Gordon Brown said plans are being made to scale back troops, but refused to consider an "artificial timetable" for withdrawing Britain's remaining 4,000 soldiers.
    (AP, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 19, In Kashmir at least 10 Indian soldiers were killed and 14 others injured when their bus was hit by an improvised explosive device in the disputed Himalayan region.
    (AFP, 7/19/08)(SSFC, 7/20/08, p.A2)
2008        Jul 19, In Lebanon the Jund al-Sham group, which follows the extremist ideology of al-Qaida, clashed with members of the mainstream Palestinian Fatah movement. Two other Palestinian militants were killed in the clash.
    (AP, 7/20/08)
2008        Jul 19, While visiting Buenos Aires Lithuanian President Valdas Adamkus said his country is ready to conduct talks with the US about hosting elements of a missile defense system.
    (UPI, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 19, In Nepal lawmakers failed to elect the country's first president and end weeks of political deadlock. No candidate won the 298 votes necessary. A bus veered off a mountain road and plunged into a river in central Nepal killing 14 passengers and leaving many missing.
    (AFP, 7/19/08)(AP, 7/19/08)
2008        Jul 19, In Pakistan paramilitary forces stumbled on 2 training camps near Dera Bugti in Baluchistan province. 6 troops and an unknown number of ethnic Baluch insurgents died in fighting that began when militants fired on patrolling security forces.
    (WSJ, 7/22/08, p.A12)
2008        Jul 19, Mullah Rahim, the most senior Taliban leader in Afghanistan's Helmand province, gave himself up to Pakistani officials.
    (AP, 7/22/08)
2008        Jul 19, In Sri Lanka soldiers killed 11 rebels in Vavuniya while five rebels died in the nearby Mannar district. A soldier was killed by a sniper's bullet in Mannar.
    (AP, 7/20/08)

2009        Jul 19,     Frank McCourt (78), former NYC teacher and Irish-born author, died of cancer. He won a Pulitzer Prize for his memoir “Angela’s Ashes" (1996).
    (SFC, 7/20/09, p.C5)
2009        Jul 19, Warren Titus (94), founder of the Royal Viking and Seabourn cruise ship lines, died at a hospice in Marin County, Ca. He helped father the modern cruise concept as president of Peninsular and Oriental Navigation Co., which later morphed into Princess Cruises. He left P.&O. to start the Royal Viking Line in 1972. After the SF-based Royal Viking went out of business in 1987, he was called by Atle Brynestad, a Norwegian millionaire, to start Seabourn Cruise Lines.
    (SFC, 7/31/09, p.D5)
2009        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan a Russian-owned civilian Mi-8 helicopter crashed and burst into flames shortly after takeoff from the Kandahar NATO base, killing 16 civilians in the latest in a string of deadly aircraft crashes in the country. Gunmen killed a candidate for provincial council in Kunduz province as he was traveling to a campaign event. The US military denounced the release of a video showing a soldier captured in Afghanistan, describing the images as Taliban propaganda that violated international law. 3 civilians were killed when German troops opened fire on their pickup truck. In Farah province, a van full of civilians hit a roadside bomb, killing 11 people on board, including a child and his mother. A British soldier was killed by an explosion while on a foot patrol in the Sangin region of Helmand province.
    (AP, 7/19/09)(Reuters, 7/19/09)(AP, 7/20/09)
2009        Jul 19, An amateur astronomer in Australia detected a new scar on Jupiter that covered some 73 million square miles, a larger area than the Pacific ocean.
    (SFC, 7/22/09, p.A1)
2009        Jul 19, In Kazakhstan    more than 5,000 ethnic Uighurs rallied in Almaty to protest China's use of deadly force to quash Uighur protests this month.
    (AP, 7/19/09)   
2009        Jul 19,     In Mauritania Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (b.1956), former head of the junta that toppled the country’s first freely elected leader, won the presidency in a vote his opponents decried as a fraudulent "electoral coup." The final result gave Aziz 52.47% of the vote, enabling him to avoid a runoff. The Constitutional Court declared the result official on July 23, just hours after the head of the election commission resigned over doubts about the ballot.
    (AP, 7/19/09)(AP, 7/23/09)
2009        Jul 19, In Pakistan at least 26 people died in heavy overnight rains in Karachi.
    (AP, 7/19/09)
2009        Jul 19, Palestinian authorities allowed Al-Jazeera to resume operations in the West Bank, four days after banning the Arab satellite station over the airing of a claim linking President Mahmoud Abbas to the death of his legendary predecessor, Yasser Arafat.
    (AP, 7/19/09)
2009        Jul 19,     Philippine officials said hundreds of marines and army troops have been deployed to two islands in the southern Philippines for a new offensive aimed at eradicating al-Qaida-linked Abu Sayyaf militants by the end of this year.
    (AP, 7/19/09)
2009        Jul 19,     Sudan said it was committed to peace with neighboring Chad after accusing it of bombing its western Darfur region last week, but also warned it would not be held back if threatened.
    (AFP, 7/19/09)
2009        Jul 19,     In Thailand’s Yala province a 48-year-old rubber plantation owner was shot dead in a drive-by shooting as he returned home by motorcycle. In another attack a gold shopkeeper was killed after suspect insurgents fired assault rifles into his shop in Narathiwat province before fleeing on a motorcycle.
    (AP, 7/20/09)
2009        Jul 19, In Turkey patrons of a usually smoke-filled hookah bar stepped outside to light up as a ban on indoor public smoking extended to bars, restaurants and coffeehouses.
    (AP, 7/19/09)

2010        Jul 19, The US federal government allowed BP to keep the cap shut tight on its busted Gulf of Mexico oil well for another day despite a seep in the sea floor after the company promised to watch closely for signs of new leaks underground, settling for the moment a rift between BP and the government.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, The Wall Street Journal reported that Tehran has used a small Iranian-owned bank in Germany to circumvent sanctions slapped on firms blacklisted for involvement in the Islamic republic's missile programs.
    (AFP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, Despite being rebuffed twice by the US Supreme Court, five states (Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio, Minnesota and Pennsylvania) filed suit with a lower court demanding tougher federal and municipal action to prevent Asian carp from overrunning the Great Lakes and decimating their fishing industry.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, Scientists reported that a vaginal gel containing Gilead Science Inc.’s AIDS drug Viread cut HIV infections by as much as 54% in a trial in South Africa. The gel was developed by Conrad, a Virginia-based nonprofit organization.
    (SFC, 7/20/10, p.D2)
2010        Jul 19, San Francisco welcomed Barcelona, Spain, as its newest sister city.
    (SFC, 7/20/10, p.D1)
2010        Jul 19, American companies TPG and Carlyle Group edged out KKK in a takeover battle for Healthscope, an Australian hospital chain with a bid of $1.7 billion.
    (Econ, 7/24/10, p.64)
2010        Jul 19, Physicist Gerson Goldhaber (b.1924) died at his home in Berkeley, Ca. He contributed to the 1955 discovery of the antiproton and to the discovery of the “charm" quark, later known as the J/psi particle (1974).
    (SFC, 7/22/10, p.C4)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J/%CF%88_meson)
2010        Jul 19, In Tennessee Lorenzen Wright, a 13-year former NBA player, went missing. His body was found on July 28 in a wooded area of southeast Memphis.
    (AFP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 19, Six Afghan policemen and two US troops were killed by roadside bombs in southern Afghanistan. Afghan and coalition forces killed five insurgents and detained five more near Tatang in Nangarhar.
    (AP, 7/19/10)(AP, 7/23/10)
2010        Jul 19, David Warren (b.1925), an Australian scientist who invented the "black box" flight data recorder, died. He designed and constructed a black box prototype in 1956, but it took several years before officials understood just how valuable the device could be and began installing them in commercial airlines worldwide. In 2002, Warren was awarded the Order of Australia, among the nation's highest civilian honors, for his work.
    (AP, 7/20/10)
2010        Jul 19, In England Boeing Co. and Airbus announced new orders worth almost $13 billion at the start of the Farnborough International Airshow, raising hopes that the aviation industry is on the way back up after a dire two-year slump.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, The army in the Central African Republic claimed control of the northern town of Birao, following an attack by rebels on its military base there. At least 3 people were killed.
    (AFP, 7/19/10)(AFP, 7/20/10)
2010        Jul 19, China's Cabinet, the State Council, issued an order that said the black-market trade in food waste and used oil posed "serious potential food safety risks." It vowed to crack down on refined restaurant waste finding its way back to dinner tables through illegal channels.
    (AP, 7/20/10)
2010        Jul 19, In China landslides triggered by flooding killed at least 37 people with 97 missing in the central province of Shaanxi. In nearby Sichuan province, a weekend of torrential rains left 23 dead and forced nearly 600,000 to evacuate their homes.
    (AP, 7/19/10)(AP, 7/20/10)
2010        Jul 19, One of China's biggest ports, Dalian, shut down after a pipeline explosion triggered a major offshore oil spill, forcing a refinery to cut processing and importers to divert cargoes elsewhere. The government later said 1,500 tons of oil were spilled. Others later estimated as much as 60-90 thousand tons.
    (Reuters, 7/19/10)(SFC, 7/31/10, p.A4)
2010        Jul 19, Egypt signed a significant agreement with BP to develop 2 offshore gas fields in the largest deal for the beleaguered oil giant since its drilling rig disaster in the Gulf of Mexico.
    (AFP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, Germany’s domestic intelligence service started a program for Islamic radicals who want to quit extremism.
    (SFC, 7/20/10, p.A2)
2010        Jul 19, A Greek journalist was gunned down outside his home in Athens, in an attack police say is linked to a domestic terrorist group (Sect of Revolutionaries). Sokratis Giolias (37) died after being shot more than 15 times before dawn in the neighborhood of Ilioupoli.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, In eastern India a powerful crash between two express trains at a station killed 63 people and injured scores more in West Bengal state.
    (AP, 7/19/10)(AP, 7/20/10)
2010        Jul 19, In Iraq a British national was killed in a car bomb attack on a convoy in the northern city of Mosul. A car bomb exploded near a restaurant in Baqouba, killing six people.
    (AFP, 7/19/10)(AP, 7/22/10)
2010        Jul 19, Israeli forces demolished a cluster of tents and shacks belonging to Palestinians in the northern West Bank.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, In Pakistan gunmen killed two Pakistani Christian brothers accused of blasphemy against Islam as they left a court in Faisalabad. The men were chained together when the attack took place.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, The upper house of Russia's parliament passed a bill (121-1) granting expanded powers to the country's main security agency, a move that critics say echoes the era of the Soviet KGB. The bill would allow the Federal Security Service to issue warnings to people suspected of preparing to commit crimes against Russia's security.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, In Russia the Khamovniki District Court in Moscow said in a statement it has convicted Tariel Oniani (58) on extortion and abduction charges. The native of Georgia had been convicted seven times and is wanted in Spain since 2005 on money laundering charges.
    (AP, 7/20/10)
2010        Jul 18, In Slovenia a cyber mastermind, suspected of creating a malicious software code that infected 12 million computers worldwide and orchestrating other huge cyber scams, was arrested and questioned. His arrest came about five months after Spanish police broke up the massive cyber scam, arresting three of the alleged ringleaders who operated the Mariposa botnet, which stole credit cards and online banking credentials. On July 28 the FBI later said that a 23-year old Slovene known as Iserdo was picked up in Maribor, after lengthy investigation by Slovenian police, FBI and Spanish authorities. The FBI also identified, for the first time, the three individuals arrested in connection with the case in Spain: Florencio Carro Ruiz, known as "Netkairo;" Jonathan Pazos Rivera, known as "Jonyloleante;" and Juan Jose Bellido Rios, known as "Ostiator.
    (AP, 7/28/10)
2010        Jul 19, In Somalia at least 12 people, including two government soldiers, were killed in two days of battle between Islamist militants and government forces backed by African Union peacekeepers. Government forces launched a counterattack to recapture a government office they lost to al-Shabab a day earlier.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, In Suriname former dictator Desi Bouterse was elected president by parliament, following weeks of jostling by opponents who sought to stop a convicted drug trafficker and ex-strongman accused of killing political opponents from returning to power. The next day Bouterse said through a spokesman that he will not interfere in his ongoing trial for the massacre of 15 political opponents during his military regime.
    (AP, 7/19/10)(AP, 7/21/10)(Econ, 11/23/13, p.40)
2010        Jul 19, A Turkish court indicted 196 people, including four retired military commanders, of conspiring in 2003 to overthrow the Islamic-oriented government in an alleged plot that highlights tension between Turkey's pious leadership and its secular opponents.
    (AP, 7/19/10)
2010        Jul 19, In Uganda the African Union summit opened in Kampala amid heightened security following twin bomb attacks a week earlier.
    (AP, 7/19/10)

2011        Jul 19, US authorities announced 14 arrests of hackers and said they cooperated with British and Dutch authorities. They were arrested for allegedly mounting a cyberattack on PayPal’s website ion retaliation for the firm’s suspending the accounts of WikiLeaks.
    (AP, 7/20/11)(SFC, 7/20/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 19, Harvard Univ. fellow Aaron Schwartz, a student of ethics, was charged with hacking into the MIT computer network to steal nearly 5 million academic articles from JSTOR.
    (SFC, 7/20/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 19, NASA made available the first image of the asteroid Vesta shot from its Dawn spacecraft, 117 million miles from Earth.
    (SFC, 7/20/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 19, In California 3 Central Valley hikers were swept over the 317-foot Vernal Fall in Yosemite National Park.
    (SFC, 7/21/11, p.A1)
2011        Jul 19, Mortar shells from Afghanistan killed four Pakistani soldiers, the latest cross-border escalation as Afghan Pres. Karzai and his Pakistani counterpart called for peace. NATO handed over responsibility for the security of Mehterlam, the capital of eastern Laghman province, to Afghan forces.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, Britain’s PM David Cameron visited Nigeria, pushing a message of trade, aid and democracy before making an early return home to deal with the spiraling phone hacking crisis. Fresh clashes between Muslim and Christian youths left five people dead and 12 seriously injured in Jos.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)(AFP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 19, Britain's competition watchdog reiterated its ruling for Spanish-owned airports operator BAA to sell two more airports including London Stansted followed by Edinburgh or Glasgow Airport.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, British health bosses at Stepping Hill Hospital in Stockport, where three patients died after contaminated saline solution was found, said they were dealing with a "criminal act." Two more people died on July 14 and July 21. On July 20 Rebecca Leighton, a 26-year-old nurse at the hospital, was arrested on suspicion of murder. On August 2 prosecutors dropped their case against.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/20/11)(AP, 7/22/11)(AFP, 9/3/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Burundi at least nine people died in clashes between unidentified "armed gangsters" and security forces in northwest Cibitoke province. Two soldiers, a police officer and six "gangsters" were among the dead.
    (AFP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 19, Egypt's interior minister ordered 54 police officers, on trial for killing protesters, be transferred to desk jobs in the ministry.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, The European Commission resumed aid to Niger, releasing 25 million euros ($35 million) after the west African nation returned to democracy this year following a coup.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, Gambian prosecutors charged Ndey Tapha Sosseh, the former president of the Gambia Press Union, with treason for attempting to overthrow the government of President Yahya Jammeh. She was currently living in exile in Mali.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, A Greek court found six members of a militant anarchist group guilty of terrorism charges and sentenced them to jail for involvement in bombings targeting two Greek politicians and a courthouse. They received sentences ranging from 11 to 25 years in prison. No one was injured in the bombings.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, Guinea's democratically elected Pres. Alpha Conde survived an assassination attempt when gunmen descended on his home. At least one member of his security detail was killed, several more were wounded and portions of his house were destroyed by a rocket. Guinean security forces arrested 37 soldiers in the wake of the attack.
    (AP, 7/19/11)(AFP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Guinea-Bissau thousands took to the streets of Bissau for the second rally in five days to demand the resignation of PM Carlos Gomes Junior, accused of hindering an assassination probe. The country is classified by the United Nations as one of the world's poorest, coming in at 175 out of 177 on the Human Development Index.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, An Indian government official said the new Tumalapalli mine in Andhra Pradesh state could contain the largest reserves of uranium in the world.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Indonesia some 15,000 underprivileged Indonesian newlyweds from various faiths joined a mass reception to receive free marriage certificates that they otherwise could not afford.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, Iran issued a new warning that it will halt supplies of crude to India unless the issue of billions of dollars in overdue payments is resolved. New Delhi has been struggling for more than six months to pay Tehran due to international banking sanctions imposed on the Islamic republic over its nuclear program.
    (AFP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, Israeli naval commandos seized control of a French ship attempting to break Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip, reporting no resistance during the takeover in international waters. 16 people, including pro-Palestinian activists from France, Canada and Sweden, journalists and three crew members, were aboard the Dignity al-Karama, a French-based ship.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Libya government forces shelled rebel positions near the strategic oil town of Brega. 27 rebels were killed with 83 wounded. More than 50 rebels have been killed in six days of fighting for Brega.
    (AP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 19, Syrian activists said security forces have fired on a funeral procession in Homs, killing at least 10 people.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, A Thailand Black Hawk helicopter crashed during bad weather in a forested area near Myanmar. 9 dead included an infantry division commander and a television cameraman. The craft had been sent to retrieve the bodies of five soldiers killed in the crash of another helicopter on July 16.
    (AP, 7/22/11)
2011        Jul 19, A United Arab Emirates fighter plane crashed during a training mission, killing the pilot.
    (AP, 7/20/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Venezuela a clash at a prison in San Felipe left six dead. Tension was high since July 17, when one group of inmates vying for control of the prison killed a leader of a rival group. Another prisoner was killed and 16 were being treated for burns after violence broke out in a prison in the western town of Cabimas.
    (AP, 7/19/11)
2011        Jul 19, In Yemen residents of Jaar, overrun by radical Islamists, said government shelling has killed more than 20 militants in the past two days. Ayed al-Shabwani, a senior leader of Yemen's al-Qaida branch, was killed in fighting near the town of Zinjibar. One of the leader's cousins, Awad al-Shabwani, was also killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 7/19/11)(AP, 7/21/11)

2012        Jul 19, In Ohio Omar Suleiman (76), Egypt's former spy chief, died in Cleveland. Suleiman was appointed vice president on Jan. 29, 2011, at the peak of last year's revolution.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, Humayun Ahmed (b.1948), Bangladesh's most popular fiction writer, died in the United States after a near year-long battle against colon cancer. He was also the country's leading film director and TV drama-maker. He shot to fame with his first novel "Nondito Naroke" (In Blissful Hell), published in 1972 while he studied at Dhaka university.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan a roadside bomb killed a district police chief and four other policemen in Uruzgan province.
    (AP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Australia a Chinese national (54) and an Australian man (47) were arrested when drugs worth Aus$128 million (US$133 million) were seized in Sydney. The bust disrupted an international syndicate dealing in methamphetamines.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 19, The British government warned unions that they risked public anger if planned industrial actions went ahead. The Aslef rail union announced that 450 of its members in central England would walk out between August 6 and 8 in a dispute over pensions. The decision coincided with a move by border officials to strike on July 26, the day before the start of the Olympic Games.
    (Reuters, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, Britain’s state-rescued Lloyds Banking Group agreed to sell 632 branches at a loss to The Co-operative Group after an EU competition ruling.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, Scotland Yard officer Constable Simon Harwood (45) was cleared by a jury of killing newspaper seller Ian Tomlinson (47), who became caught up in the G20 protests in London On April 1, 2009.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, China said it would offer $20 billion in new loans to Africa, underscoring the relationship's growing importance, as Chinese companies agreed to operate more responsibly on the resource-rich continent.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Colombia farmer Mauricio Largo was killed as Nasa Indians and other locals clashed with police in the southwestern Cauca region. Residents, tired of being caught in a 48-year conflict, demanded that the military and leftist rebels leave the area.
    (SFC, 7/21/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 19, In Egypt bearded men in the short robes, favored by some Islamists, machine-gunned 2 soldiers as they were walking on foot in Sheikh Zweid town near the Gaza Strip. Pres. Morsi, who was sworn in last month as Egypt's first elected civilian president, issued an order to pardon 572 people convicted by military tribunals.
    (AP, 7/19/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)
2012        Jul 19, France seized a six-storey mansion on the chic Avenue Foch in the 16th district, reportedly worth between 100 and 150 million euros, in connection with an investigation into Teodorin Obiang, the son of Equatorial Guinea leader Teodoro Obiang Nguema.
    (AFP, 8/3/12)
2012        Jul 19, Indian national and state lawmakers voted for a new president, with former finance minister Pranab Mukherjee seen as a certainty to take up the mainly ceremonial post.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, India's top carmaker Maruti Suzuki suspended production at a plant near New Delhi after a manager was burnt to death and scores of others injured in a riot by angry workers. At least 88 workers were arrested and faced possible charges from murder to rioting and arson.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In the Ivory Coast 4 people were killed in a late night attack town of Duekoue, inhabited mostly by ethnic Malinke, triggered reprisals by youths from Kokoma who blamed a group of displaced Guere people and went to burn their nearby camp.
    (AFP, 7/20/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Lebanon investigative Judge Ghassan Oeidat indicted 88 people allegedly involved in 2007 fighting against the army in a Palestinian refugee camp in northern Lebanon, demanding that some of them face the death penalty. Oeidat also ordered the release of 126 others.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In northern Nigeria gunmen in two separate attacks shot dead at least five people, including a policeman.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Oman a US Navy helicopter crash killing 2 crewmembers. 3 others aboard the downed MH-53E Sea Dragon survived.
    (AP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Russia a top Muslim cleric in Tatarstan province was shot dead and another was wounded by a car bomb. The province's leader and local religious authorities said the attacks were probably related to the priests' criticism of radical Islamists.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Spain tens of thousands protested in 80 cities throughout the country against the government’s latest austerity package.
    (SFC, 7/20/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 19, Sudan’s official SUNA news agency said nearly 60 people have been killed this week in fighting between Arab tribes in Sudan's conflict-plagued Darfur region.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, Syrian government forces fired heavy machine guns and mortars in battles with rebels in a number of neighborhoods in Damascus. State-run TV warned citizens that gunmen were disguising themselves in military uniforms to carry out attacks. Activists reported that 302- 310 people were killed in violence nationwide making it the single deadliest day of fighting since the revolt began. Syrian rebels seize the Bab al-Hawa border crossing with Turkey. Rebels ransacked customs buildings and pulled cargo from the back of stranded trucks.
    (AP, 7/19/12)(AP, 7/20/12)(AFP, 7/21/12)(AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 19, Togo’s President Faure Gnassingbe named his commerce minister, Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu, to lead the new government.
    (AFP, 7/22/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Tunisia a military court convicted former dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, who is in exile in Saudi Arabia, for complicity in the deaths of protesters in the north of the country during last year's uprising and sentenced him to life in prison. Some 43 officials were tried in the same case, receiving sentences ranging from five years in prison to life.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, In Yemen a bomb hidden inside the car of Col. Abdullah al-Maouzaei, charged with hunting down members of al-Qaida's Yemen branch, exploded and killed him in Aden.
    (AP, 7/19/12)
2012        Jul 19, At the United Nations permanent Security Council members Russia and China vetoed resolutions on Syria for the third time in nine months.
    (AFP, 7/19/12)

2013        Jul 19, US prosecutors charged Mokhtar Belmokhtar, a commander of al Qaeda's North African operations, with participating in an attack on an Algerian gas plant in January that killed dozens of workers, including three Americans. Belmokhtar, an Algerian, remained at large.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, In California a new class-action was filed in San Bernadino County to cover residents of Hinkley who did not participate in a 1996 settlement over chromium-6 in the local ground water. PG&E had used chromium-6 in a local cooling system from 1952-1966 to fight corrosion in machinery and then dumped the water into unlined ponds nearby.
    (SFC, 7/26/13, p.A16)
2013        Jul 19, A Michigan state judge ruled that Gov. Snyder had overstepped his authority by approving Detroit’s bankruptcy filing. The ruling was immediately challenged by the state’s attorney general.
    (SFC, 7/20/13, p.A5)
2013        Jul 19, Ohio police arrested Michael Madison (35), a registered sex offender, after finding a female body in a garage in East Cleveland. Two more bodies were found the next day. Authorities believed the victims were killed in the last 6-10 days.
    (SFC, 7/22/13, p.A4)
2013        Jul 19, In southern Afghanistan a wave of bombings killed 15 people, including six members of the country's security services.
    (AP, 7/20/13)
2013        Jul 19, Algerian special forces in the region of Bouira shot dead 4 Islamist militants, including two deputies to the leader of al Qaeda's North African wing AQIM.
    (Reuters, 7/20/13)
2013        Jul 19, Australia's PM Kevin Rudd, with PNG PM Peter O’Neill at his side, warned that all refugees who arrive in the country by boat will be resettled on the island nation of Papua New Guinea, a policy shift that rights groups immediately condemned.
    (AP, 7/19/13)(Econ, 7/27/13, p.34)
2013        Jul 19, Cambodian opposition leader Sam Rainsy returned from self-imposed exile to spearhead his party's election campaign against well-entrenched PM Hun Sen.
    (AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, China said it is ending controls on bank lending rates in a move toward creating a market-oriented financial system to support economic growth.
    (AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, China arrested activist Yang Lin (45) on a charge of subversion. His brother and a rights group reported the arrest on Aug 11. This was the second such arrest in less than two months and the latest sign that the authorities are hardening their stance toward dissent.
    (Reuters, 8/11/13)
2013        Jul 19, Wu Dengming (73), Chinese environmental activist, died. He was the founder of the Chongqing Green Volunteer League (1995).
    (Econ, 8/10/13, p.78)
2013        Jul 19, In Egypt thousands of supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi rallied in Cairo to demand the restoration of the ousted Islamist leader, with his opponents also planning protests nearby. A woman and a 13-year-old boy were killed when supporters and opponents of the ousted president clashed in the Nile Delta town of Mansoura.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, The European Union published new guidelines explicitly banning any EU funding of Israeli institutions operating in territories occupied since the 1967 Mideast war, amid vigorous Israeli objections.
    (AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, In central Iraq a bomb exploded inside the Abu Bakir al-Sideeq mosque in the town of Wijaihiya during midday prayers, killing at least 26 people.
    (AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, In Israel Wael Abu Rida, a Palestinian secretly held by Israel after he vanished during a visit to Egypt last month, was indicted on terrorism charges. Authorities did not say how and where he was detained.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, In Italy a Milan court convicted three of ex-Premier Silvio Berlusconi's former associates of procuring aspiring show girls willing to prostitute themselves during the media mogul's infamous "bunga bunga" parties.
    (AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, Malian troops deployed in the northern town of Kidal after attacks by light-skinned Tuareg separatists on black residents killed at least one, a week before elections meant to unify the fractured nation.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, In Pakistan operation "Khyber II" began in Zao Kharmatang area in south of Peshawar. 15 militants in the new northwest offensive targeting militants. 4 soldiers were also killed in the action.
    (AP, 7/20/13)
2013        Jul 19, Clerics in northwest Pakistan issued a temporary ban on women shopping in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa unless accompanied by a male relative, in a step designed to keep men from being distracted during the holy month of Ramadan.
    (Reuters, 7/20/13)
2013        Jul 19, Romania's Pres. Traian Basescu said that Romanian authorities have carried out "an unauthorized operation" abroad to capture Omar Hayssam, a fugitive Syrian-Romanian businessman convicted of ordering the kidnapping of three Romanian journalists in Iraq in 2005.
    (AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, Russia unexpectedly freed opposition leader Alexei Navalny on bail, bending to the will of thousands of protesters who denounced his five-year jail sentence as a crude attempt by President Vladimir Putin to silence him.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, In Switzerland the world's top particle physics lab said it had measured the decay time of a particle known as a Bs (B sub s) meson into two other fundamental particles called muons, which are much heavier than but similar to electrons. It was observed as part of the reams of data coming from CERN's $10 billion Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest atom smasher.
    (AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, A Syrian Kurdish group said it aims to set up an independent council to run Kurdish regions until Syria's civil war has ended, a move likely to alarm Syrian rebels and neighboring Turkey, both wary of a possible Kurdish state.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, In Turkey a landslide triggered by heavy rains killed at least five people near Turkey's border with Syria.
    (AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, Ukrainian riot police dispersed a protest in central Kiev early today over last month's rape of a woman who accused police officers of the crime.
    (Reuters, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, Health authorities in the United Arab Emirates said they have identified four new cases of a respiratory virus related to SARS whose main concentration has been in neighboring Saudi Arabia.
    (AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, Pope Francis created another commission of inquiry into the Vatican's troubled finances, naming an eight-member committee to recommend ways to cut waste, improve transparency and fix the Holy See's administrative shortcomings.
    (AP, 7/19/13)
2013        Jul 19, Venezuela’s Foreign Ministry said it was terminating efforts to improve relations with the US following recent remarks by Samantha Power, the US nominee for ambassador to the UN. On July 17 Power said part of her role would be to challenge a crackdown on civil society in several countries including Venezuela.
    (SSFC, 7/21/13, p.A5)
2013        Jul 19, Zimbabwe's first independent television station, 1st TV, said it is going on air to challenge the 30-year state broadcasting monopoly controlled by President Robert Mugabe. The station is a satellite feed from outside Zimbabwe using a free network received by an estimated 700,000 homes across the nation.
    (AP, 7/19/13)

2014        Jul 18, The Obama administration approved the use of sonic cannons to discover oil deposits under the ocean floor of the Eastern seaboard. The sounds posed real dangers for whales, fish and sea turtles.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 18, More than 40 Central American children were expelled from the United States on flights to Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, as the US government stepped up its deportation of illegal child migrants.
    (Reuters, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, California’s Governor Jerry Brown signed a law banning the sale of single-shot handguns that can be altered into semi-automatic weapons, handing a modest victory to proponents of tougher gun laws while striving to protect antique collectors.
    (Reuters, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 18, Colorado's Supreme Court ordered the Denver County clerk to stop issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples pending the resolution of an appeal by the state's attorney general.
    (Reuters, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Colorado state health officials said three more people have been diagnosed with the plague after coming in contact with an infected dog whose owner contracted a life-threatening form of the disease.
    (AP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 17, In NYC Eric Garner (43) died of a heart attack as he struggled under an apparent police choke hold as officers tried to arrest him on suspicion of selling untaxed cigarettes. In Aug 1 a medical examiner ruled that Garner’s death was caused by the choke hold. On Dec 3 a grand jury cleared the police officer involved. US Attorney General Eric Holder said federal authorities would conduct a civil rights investigation. On July 13, 2015, Garner’s family reached a $5.9 million settlement with NYC.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A4)(SFC, 8/2/14, p.A5)(SFC, 12/4/14, p.A10)(SFC, 7/14/15, p.A7)
2014        Jul 18, In Washington state the Carlton Complex of fires destroyed some 100 homes in the Okanagan County town of Pateros. Gov. Jay Inslee said some 50 fires were burning in the state beset by dry weather and lightning. By July 26 the number of homes destroyed was raised to 300. It now covered some 400 square miles and was half contained.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A5)(SFC, 7/26/14, p.A8)
2014        Jul 18, Forbes Media, valued at $475 million, agreed to sell a majority stake to a consortium of Asian investors.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.D3)
2014        Jul 18, Chicago-based Pharmaceutical giant AbbVie agreed to buy Shire, a European rival, for around $54 billion. This will allow AbbVie to relocate to Britain for tax purposes.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.D1)
2014        Jul 18, In Argentina visiting Chinese President Xi Jinping announced huge investments in hydroelectric power, shipbuilding, railways and a deal to help Argentina build its fourth nuclear plant.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 18, In southern China Typhoon Rammasun hit the island of Hainan as over 26,000 people evacuated the area. 9 people were killed and 5 left missing on Hainan. Another 9 were killed as the storm plowed through the Guangxi region on the mainland.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A2)(SFC, 7/21/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 18, The European Union took the next step towards imposing tougher sanctions on Russia for its role in the Ukraine crisis by agreeing the legal basis for widening its list of targets.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 18, Indian government forces used tear gas and wooden canes to disperse hundreds of Kashmiri workers who clashed with them at a sprawling camp for Hindu pilgrims heading for a Himalayan cave, leaving dozens of people injured.
    (AP, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Iran and six world powers failed to meet their target date for cutting a nuclear deal but agreed to extend the talks until Nov 24.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 18, In Iraq jihadists warned all Christians in Mosul to leave by the next day or be killed.
    (Econ, 7/26/14, p.41)
2014        Jul 18, The Israeli military announced its first casualty since the start of a ground operation in Gaza, where health officials said 19 Palestinians have been killed since the ground operation began a day earlier. The Israeli military said it killed 14 militants in different exchanges of fire. 267 Palestinians have been killed since the start of the fighting.
    (AP, 7/18/14)(AFP, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, An Italian appeals court acquitted former Premier Silvio Berlusconi (77) in a sex-for-hire case.
    (SFC, 7/19/14, p.A3)
2014        Jul 18, In Pakistan a group of militants attacked a security checkpoint in Jamrud, a main town in the Khyber tribal region before dawn. 8 security forces and 4 militants were killed. A roadside bomb struck a vehicle carrying police in the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing an officer and wounding two others.
    (AP, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas reached out for French help to lobby Hamas's regional allies to influence it into accepting a truce with Israel. France has asked Qatar, which has close links with Hamas, to use its influence with the Palestinian Islamist group to reach a ceasefire in the conflict in Gaza.
    (AFP, 7/19/14)(Reuters, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Russian President Vladimir Putin called for a ceasefire by pro-Russian separatists and Ukrainian government forces fighting in eastern Ukraine to allow for negotiations.
    (Reuters, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, Spanish police in Alicante arrested Hernan Alonso Villa (40), the alleged leader of a Colombian drug trafficking group.
    (SSFC, 7/20/14, p.A7)
2014        Jul 18, Syrian government forces launched a counter-attack to recapture the Shaer gas field seized by Islamic extremists, as the death toll from three days of fighting there rose to more than 200 people killed.
    (AP, 7/19/14)
2014        Jul 18, In Syria jihadi fighters, mostly foreign extremists, pelted Faddah Ahmad with stones for alleged adultery in Raqqa until her body was dragged away.
    (AP, 8/9/14)
2014        Jul 18, Thailand's former PM Yingluck Shinawatra said she will fight charges related to her ousted government's rice subsidy program, vowing to return home after a planned trip overseas.
    (AP, 7/18/14)
2014        Jul 18, In eastern Ukraine emergency workers, police officers and even off-duty coal miners searched the wreckage of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 shot down a day earlier as it flew miles above the country's battlefield. Ukraine's state aviation service closed the airspace over two regions currently gripped by separatist fighting. 18 civilians were killed by government shelling.
    (AP, 7/18/14)(Econ, 7/26/14,p.20)

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