306 Jul 23,
Constantine was proclaimed Caesar of the west by the army, while
Severus, the former Caesar, was proclaimed Augusta of the west by
636 Jul 23, Arabs gained
control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire.
1253 Jul 23, Jews were expelled
from Vienne, France, by order of Pope Innocent III.
1298 Jul 23, Jews were
massacred at Wurzburg, Germany.
1373 Jul 23, Birgitta of
Sweden, Swedish saint, died.
1403 Jul 23, The Battle of
Shrewsbury was fought by the Percys against King Henry IV. Henry
Percy (39), [Harry Hotspur], was killed in the battle.
1558 Jul 23, Battle at
Grevelingen: Gen. Lamoral van Egmont beat France. [see Jul 13]
1562 Jul 23, Gottfried, Gotz
von Berlichingen, German Knight of kingdom, died.
1568 Jul 23, Don Carlos (c23),
son of Spanish king Philip II, died.
1588 Jul 23, English army
assembles at Tilbury to repel invasion of England by Spanish Armada.
1595 Jul 23, Spanish soldiers
landed at Cornwall, England, and burned Mousehold and Penzance
before returning to their ships.
1599 Jul 23, Caravaggio
received his 1st public commission for paintings.
1627 Jul 23, Sir George Calvert
arrived in Newfoundland to develop his land grant.
1631 Jul 23, Sweden's King
Gustavus II repulsed an imperialist force at Werben, Russia.
1637 Jul 23, King Charles of
England handed over the American colony of Massachusetts to Sir
Fernando Gorges, one of the founders of the Council of New England.
1664 Jul 23, Wealthy non-church
members in Massachusetts were given the right to vote.
1664 Jul 23, 4 British ships
arrived in Boston to drive the Dutch out of NY.
1726 Jul 23, Benjamin Franklin
sailed back to Philadelphia.
1745 Jul 23, Charles Stuart
(1720-1788), the Younger, and 7 companions landed at Eriskay Island,
in the Hebrides.
1757 Jul 23, Giuseppe Domenico
Scarlatti (71), Italian composer (La Silvia), died.
1759 Jul 23, Russians under
Saltikov defeated Prussians at Kay in eastern Germany, and
one-fourth of Prussian army of 27,000 was lost.
1785 Jul 23, Prussia's
Frederick the Great formed Die Furstenbund (League of German
1789 Jul 23, The Great Fear
swept through France as the Revolution continued.
1793 Jul 23, The French
garrison at Mainz, Germany, fell to the Prussians.
1794 Jul 23, Chaos and anarchy
were averted temporarily when Robespierre joined conciliation talks
1796 Jul 23, Franz Adolf
Berwald, Sweden, composer, was born.
1803 Jul 23, Irish patriots
throughout the country rebelled against Union with Great Britain.
Robert Emmett led the insurrection in Dublin.
(HN, 7/23/98)(MC, 7/23/02)
1829 Jul 23, William Austin
Burt of Mount Vernon, Mich., received a patent for his
"typographer," a forerunner of the typewriter.
1834 Jul 23, James Gibbons,
American religious leader and founder of Catholic University, was
1849 Jul 23, German rebels in
Baden capitulated to the Prussians.
1850 Jul 23, French priest
Jean-Baptiste Lamy (1814-1888) received notice of his appointment as
bishop of the recently created Vicariate of New Mexico. He was
dispatched by Rome to bring order and discipline to the New Mexican
territory. In 1875 he was named Archbishop for the area. He was the
subject of Willa Cather’s novel “Death Comes for the Archbishop”
1851 Jul 23, Sioux Indians and
US signed the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux.
1858 Jul 23, Jewish
Disabilities Removal Act was passed by British Parliament.
1863 Jul 23, Bill Anderson and
his Confederate Bushwackers gutted the railway station at Renick,
1865 Jul 2, William Booth
(1829-1912), British Methodist preacher, held his first meeting for
the Salvation Army in London.
1866 Jul 23, Francesco Cilea,
composer, was born.
1870 Jul 23, In France Marx
completed what will become known as his "First Address."
1880 Jul 23, 1st commercial
hydroelectric power planet began in Grand Rapids, Mich.
1883 Jul 23, Lord Allanbrooke
(d.1963), English soldier, was born.
1885 Jul 23, Ulysses S. Grant
(b.1822), commander of the Union forces at the end of the Civil War
and the 18th president of the United States, died in Mount McGregor,
NY, at age 63. He had just completed the final revisions to his
memoirs, which were published as a 2 volume set by Mark Twain. In
1928 W.E. Woodward authored "Meet General Grant," and in 1981
William S. McFreeley authored "Grant: A Biography." His tomb was
placed in the largest mausoleum in the US on a bluff over the Hudson
River. In 1998 Geoffrey Perret published the biography "Ulysses S.
Grant: Soldier and President." In 2004 Mark Perry authored “Grant
and Twain.” In 2006 Edward G. Longacre authored “General Ulysses S.
Grant: The Soldier and Man.” In 2011 Charles Bracelen Flood authored
“Grant’s Final Victory: Ulysses S. Grant’s Heroic Last Year.”
(SFC, 4/14/97, p.A7)(SFEC, 4/19/98, Par p.20)(AP,
7/23/98)(ON, p.11)(ON, 12/00, p.7)(WSJ, 5/14/04, p.W10)(WSJ, 8/5/06,
p.P9)(SSFC, 12/4/11, p.F5)
1886 Jul 23, Arthur Whitten
Brown, British aviator, was born.
1886 Jul 23, New York
saloonkeeper Steve Brodie claimed to have made a daredevil plunge
from the Brooklyn Bridge into the East River. However, few
historians believe the jump actually occurred
1888 Jul 23, Raymond Chandler
(d.1959), writer of detective stories, creator of the character
Philip Marlow, was born in Chicago.
(HN, 7/23/98)(SSFC, 12/21/14, p.N3)
1892 Jul 23, Haile Selassie
(d.1975), Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), was born as Tafari Makonnen
at Ejarsa Goro, near Harer. He pleaded with the League of Nations to
halt the Italian invasion of his country. "Outside the kingdom of
the Lord there is no nation which is greater than any other."
1894 Jul 23, Japanese troops
took over the Korean imperial palace in Seoul.
(AP, 7/23/97)(HN, 7/23/98)
1903 Jul 23, The Ford Motor
Company sold its first automobile, the Model A.
1904 Jul 23, By some accounts,
the ice cream cone was invented by Charles E. Menches during the
Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis. [see Sep 22, 1903]
1906 Jul 23, Marston Bates,
American zoologist and author of "The Nature of Natural History,"
1906 Jul 23, Pogroms took place
against Jews in Odessa.
1908 Jul 23, In Turkey Ottoman
Sultan Abdulhamid II (1842-1918) capitulated to the Committee of
Union and Progress (CUP)m which led a rebellion against the
authoritarian his regime. The revolutionary organization was
popularly known as the Young Turks. Since then, the term has been
applied to other insurgent groups within organizations or political
1913 Jul 23, The "Second
Revolution" broke out in south China.
1914 Jul 23, Austria and
Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia after the assassination of
Archduke Ferdinand; the dispute led to World War I.
1920 Jul 23, King Faisal I's
Arab Army was defeated at Maysaloun and Syria fell effectively under
1925 Jul 23, Gloria De Haven,
U.S. actress, was born.
1930 Jul 23, Earthquake struck
Ariano, Italy, and some 1,500 were killed.
1932 Jul 23, Alberto
Santos-Dumont (b.1873), aviation pioneer, hanged himself in Guaraja,
Brazil after hearing a bomber discharge its load on fellow
countrymen. In 2003 Paul Hoffman authored "Wings of Madness: Alberto
Santos-Dumont and the Invention of Flight."
(SSFC, 6/28/03, p.M1)
1936 Jul 23, Don Drysdale,
pitcher (LA Dodgers-Cy Young 1962), was born in Van Nuys, Calif.
1939 Jul 23, Nicholas Gage,
journalist and author (Eleni), was born.
1940 Jul 23, Don Imus, later
radio personality, was born in Riverside, Ca.
(SSFC, 4/21/02, Par p.22)
1940 Jul 23, John Nichols,
novelist and essayist (The Milagro Beanfield War), was born.
1940 Jul 23, German bombers
began the "Blitz," the all-night air raids on London.
1941 Jul 23, German and
Romanian troops reoccupied Moldova as part of Operation Barbarossa.
(WSJ, 1/2/02, p.A18)
1942 Jul 23, Harry James and
his Orchestra recorded "I Had the Craziest Dream" in Hollywood for
1942 Jul 23, A 2nd
Treblinka Camp opened for the extermination of European Jews, as the
evacuation of the Warsaw ghetto began. Nearly 750,000 people died in
the gas chambers of Treblinka.
1943 Jul 23, Battle of Kursk,
USSR, ended in Nazi defeat. 6,000 tanks took part.
1943 Jul 23, Meijer de Hond,
[Emanuel Querido], rabbi of Sobibor, died.
1943 Jul 23, Emanuel Querido,
publisher (Sobibor), died.
1944 Jul 23, Lisa Alther,
novelist (Kinflicks), was born.
1944 Jul 23, US forces invaded
1944 Jul 23, Bernard M. Cohen,
attorney, was killed at Belsen concentration camp.
1944 Jul 23, Helmuth J. von
Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), was executed.
1944 Jul 23, Soviet troops took
Lublin, Poland, as the German army retreated.
1944 Jul 23, A Ukrainian
Self-Defense unit, directed to "liquidate all the residents" of
Chlaniow, Poland, in a reprisal attack for the killing of German SS
officer Siegfried Assmuss, killed 44 people including women and
children. In 2013 Michael Karkoc (94), a retired Minnesota
carpenter, was named as commander of the Nazi SS-led unit in the
1945 Jul 23, French Marshal
Henri Petain, who had headed the Vichy government during World War
Two, went on trial, charged with treason. He was condemned to death,
but his sentence was commuted; Petain died in prison on this date in
1947 Jul 23, U.S. President
Harry S Truman made the first Presidential surprise visit to Capitol
Hill since 1789. "Give Em Hell Harry."
1948 July 23, American pioneer
filmmaker D.W. Griffith, the director of such films as "The Birth of
a Nation," "Intolerance," "Way Down East" and "Orphans of the
Storm," died in Los Angeles at age 73.
1951 Jul 23, French Marshal
Henri Petain (b.1856), who had headed the Vichy government during
World War Two, was shot by firing squad. In 2005 Charles Williams
(AP, 7/23/00)(Econ, 5/21/05, p.84)
1952 Jul 23, General Mohammed
Neguib seized power in Egypt. There was a revolution in Egypt, King
Farouk I abdicated. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser overthrew the monarchy
and established Egyptian sovereignty after 2,300 years of foreign
domination. The revolution was led by the group of Free Officers
headed by Gamal Abdel Nasser and included Kamal Eddin Hussein.
(AP, 7/23/97)(NG, May 1985, p.584)(HFA, '96,
p.34)(TMC, 1994, p.1952)(SFC, 6/22/99, p.A24)
1954 Jul 23, The Indochina
settlement was approved by France's National Assembly.
1956 Jul 23, The Bell X-2
rocket plane set a world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph.
1957 Jul 23, Giuseppe Tomasi di
Lampedusa (b.1896), Sicilian aristocrat and writer, died. His
classic novel “Il Gattopardo” (The Leopard), was published in 1958.
It included the line: “If we want things to stay as they are, things
will have to change.” David Gilmour later authored the biography
“The Last Leopard” (1991).
(WSJ, 12/9/06, p.P24)(Econ, 12/12/09, p.61)
1958 Jul 23, Queen Elizabeth
named four women to peerages, the 1st women to it in Britain's House
1959 Jul 23, Vice President
Richard M. Nixon flew to Moscow to open the US Trade and Cultural
Fair in Sokolniki Park, organized as a goodwill gesture by the USSR.
1961 Jul 23, Woody Harrelson,
actor (Woody Boyd-Cheers), was born in Midland, Tx.
1962 Jul 23, In San Francisco a
10-ton granite and bronze monument to Robert Louis Stevenson was
returned to Portsmouth Square as the 800-car underground parking
garage was completed.
(SSFC, 7/22/12, DB p.42)
1962 Jul 23, The Geneva
Conference on Laos forbade the United States to invade eastern Laos,
site of the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
1966 Jul 23, [Edward]
Montgomery Clift (45), actor (From Here to Eternity), died.
1967 Jul 23-1967 Jul 30, Racial
riots in the city of Detroit left 40 dead, 2,000 injured and 5,000
homeless in the worst riot of the summer. The rioting, looting and
burning was quelled with the arrival of 4,700 paratroops dispatched
by President Lyndon Johnson. Nearly all of America's large cities
were wracked by racial violence during the 1965-'68 period. The
event inspired Rev. William Cunningham (d.1997 at 67) to found
Focus: Hope, a volunteer project that grew to become one of the
largest programs in the country dedicated to feeding and teaching
job skills to the urban poor.
(SFC, 5/29/97, p.C4)(HNQ, 7/11/98)
1970 Jul 23, Sultan Said of
Oman was overthrown by his son, Qaboos.
1971 Jul 23, Walid Ahmad Nimer
al-Naser (b.1934), aka, Abu Ali Iyad, a senior Palestinian field
commander based in Syria and Jordan, was reported killed by the
Jordanian army. The PLO claimed he was captured and tortured to
death by Jordanian forces days earlier. A splinter group seeking
revenge soon developed within Fatah and came to be known as the
Black September Organization.
1972 Jul 23, NASA launched the
Landsat-1 satellite. It viewed Earth at different wavelengths and
opened a new era in sensing the planet’s resources and environment.
(SFEC, 9/28/97, p.A14)
1973 Jul 25, Pres Nixon refused
to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House
relevant to the Watergate investigation.
1973 Jul 25, Russia launched
its Mars 5 Orbiter.
1974 Jul 23, Greece's military
rulers announced they would turn the nation back to civilian rule.
Constantine Karamanlis returned from 11 years of self-imposed exile
and was sworn in as premier. Karamanlis later won a landslide
election and served as prime minister until 1980. The Ioannides
regime collapsed after plotting an aborted military takeover of
Cyprus. The coup provoked a Turkish invasion of Cyprus.
(AP, 7/23/97)(SFC, 4/23/98, p.B4)(SFC, 6/28/99,
1976 Jul 23, Mario Soares
(b.1924) became Prime Minister of Portugal.
1977 Jul 23, A jury in
Washington, D.C., convicted 12 Hanafi Muslims of charges stemming
from the hostage siege at three buildings the previous March.
1977 Jul 23, In Sri Lanka
Junius Richard Jayewardene (1906-1996) was elected prime minister.
Immediately thereafter, he drew up a national constitution which
created an Executive Presidency with drastic and unchecked powers,
and, on its adoption into law, became, in 1978, the first Sri Lankan
1978 Jul 23, Franklin Bradshow
was killed in SLC, Utah. His daughter, Frances B. Schreuder
(d.2004), had persuaded her son to kill her wealthy father due to
"his stinginess." Schreuder was convicted in 1983.
(SFC, 4/3/04, p.B6)
1979 Jul 23, A Miami jury
convicted Theodore Bundy of first-degree murder in the slayings of
Florida State University sorority sisters Margaret Bowman and Lisa
Levy. In 1980 he was convicted of the murder and rape of Kimberly
Leach (12). Bundy eventually confessed to more than 30 killings and
was executed in 1989.
1980 Jul 23, The US Senate
Judiciary Committee was reported to be officially joining those
investigating allegations of misconduct in Billy Carter's
relationship with Libya.
1982 Jul 23, The Intl. Whaling
Commission (IWC) voted for a total ban on commercial whaling
starting in 1985.
1982 Jul 23, Actor Vic Morrow
and two child actors were killed when a helicopter crashed on top of
them during filming of a Vietnam War scene for "Twilight Zone: The
Movie." Director John Landis and four associates were later
acquitted of manslaughter charges in connection with the deaths.
1983 Jul 23, A regional
struggle for independence by Tamil Tigers in the north escalated
into a civil war when they killed 13 Sri Lankan Sinhalese soldiers.
The nation's Sinhalese majority responded by killing thousands of
Tamil civilians in the south.
(SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(AP, 7/23/97)
1984 Jul 23, Vanessa Williams
became the first Miss America to resign her title, because of nude
photographs published in Penthouse magazine.
1985 Jul 23, Bandleader Kay
Kyser, known for his "Kollege of Musical Knowledge," died in Chapel
Hill, North Carolina, at age 79.
1986 Jul 23, Britain's Prince
Andrew married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey in London with
the appellation Duke and Duchess of York. The couple divorced in
1987 Jul 23, Hussein Hariri
(21), a Lebanese hijacker, commandeered an Air Afrique DC-10 flying
from Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, to Paris. He was captured
during a refueling stop in Geneva and was sentenced to life in
prison for killing a passenger and seriously wounding a flight
attendant. In 2004 he was released and deported to Lebanon.
1988 Jul 23, In his weekly
radio address, President Reagan responded to the just-completed
Democratic national convention by accusing Democrats of "singing the
same sad song they sang four years ago."
1988 Jul 23, Iran accused Iraq
of pushing deep into Iranian territory and using chemical weapons.
The March 16 Iraqi chemical attack at Halabja killed thousands and
in 1999 was still causing genetic damage and deaths.
(AP, 7/23/97)(USAT, 3/24/99, p.18A)
1989 Jul 23, Greg LeMond of the
United States won the Tour de France.
1989 Jul 23, Donald Barthelme
(b.1931), US writer, died. His work included over a hundred short
stories and 4 novels. In 2009 Tracy Daugherty authored “Hiding Man:
A Biography of Donald Barthelme.”
1989 Jul 23, Japan's ruling
Liberal Democratic Party lost its majority in the upper house of the
Diet in parliamentary elections.
1990 Jul 23, President George
H.W. Bush announced his choice of Judge David Souter of New
Hampshire to succeed retiring Justice William J. Brennan on
the US Supreme Court.
1990 Jul 23, As rebel forces
closed in on presidential palace, Liberian President Samuel K. Doe
refused to leave until the civil war was decided. Charles Taylor
tried to take Monrovia in this year. He had begun the war in Liberia
from the Ivory Coast in 1989.
(AP, 7/23/97)(SFC, 5/4/96, p.A-8)(SFC, 5/11/96,
1991 Jul 23, The US Senate
voted to impose a long list of strict new conditions on renewal of
China’s normal trade status in 1992; however, the 55-to-44 vote fell
short of the two-thirds majority later needed to override President
1991 Jul 23, The draft of a new
platform for Soviet Communist Party was published, calling for
private property, economic integration into world market and freedom
1992 Jul 23, US Secretary of
State James A. Baker III, touring the Middle East, made a secret
visit to Lebanon.
1993 Jul 23, US Surgeon
General-designate Joycelyn Elders stuck by her firm stands on sex
education and AIDS prevention in a one-day confirmation hearing on
1993 Jul 23, White House deputy
counsel Vincent W. Foster Jr. was buried near Hope, Ark., three days
after taking his own life in a Virginia park.
1993 Jul 23, In South Carolina
Larry Demery and Daniel Green came upon James Jordan sleeping in his
car and proceeded to rob him. As Jordan awoke Green shot Jordan, the
56-year-old father of basketball star Michael Jordan.
(SFC, 5/21/96, p.A-3)
1993 Jul 23, British Prime
Minister John Major survived a vote of confidence and a reluctant
House of Commons approved a treaty of European union on his terms.
1993 July 23, A handful of men
shot and killed 6 children and teenagers at the Candelaria Cathedral
and 2 more at the Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In
1996 one of the four men accused, former police officer Nelson dos
Santos Cunha, confessed to having taken part. About 2,000 children
roam Rio’s streets and in 1994, 936 youths under 18 were murdered.
In 1996 a court cleared 2 policemen and another man in killings. Two
other policemen were convicted earlier. In 1997 a court reduced the
sentence of Cunha from 261 years to 18 years. In 1998 Marcos Aurelio
Alcantara (30) was convicted and sentenced to 204 years in jail.
(SFC, 4/28/96, A-14)(SFC, 11/28/96, p.B6)(WSJ,
12/11/96, p.A1)(WSJ, 6/20/97, p.A1)(SFC, 8/27/98, p.A14)
1993 Jul 23, The Russian
government announced it would invalidate billions of pre-1993
1994 Jul 23, Space shuttle
Columbia returned to Earth after a 15-day mission which included
experiments on the effects of weightlessness on aquatic animals.
1994 Jul 23, Gambian soldiers
proclaimed military government in Dakar, Senegal.
1994 Jul 23, The Goodwill Games
opened in St. Petersburg, Russia.
1995 Jul 23, American amateur
astronomers first reported the discovery of the comet bearing their
names: Hale-Bopp. Reconstruction of the orbit indicated that the
comet repeatedly enters the inner solar system every 3,000 years or
so. It travels in an orbit perpendicular to the solar system in an
elongated ellipse that is about 33 million miles from the sun at its
farthest point. Its closest approach to Earth will be on March 23,
1997. The nearest pass will be on April 1.
(Nat. Hist., 3/96, p.55)(SFEC, 10/27/96, p.A17)
1995 Jul 23, The United Nations
ordered the first combat unit from its rapid reaction force to
Sarajevo to take out any rebel Serb guns that fire at U.N.
1996 Jul 23, At the Atlanta
Olympics, Kerri Strug made a heroic final vault despite torn
ligaments in her left ankle as the US women gymnasts clinched their
first-ever Olympic team gold medal.
1996 Jul 23, The US Senate
passed a welfare overhaul bill.
1996 Jul 23, In Toronto, a
police officer was charged with criminal negligence in the shooting
of a protester who became the first Canadian Indian in modern times
killed in a land dispute with the government.
1996 Jul 23, Canadian
researchers found a hormone, GLP-2, that stimulates growth of the
lining of the small intestine.
(WSJ, 7/23/96, p.B6)
1996 Jul 23, Jessica Mitford
(78), author of "The American Way of Death," died. The 1963 book was
an expose of the funeral industry in the US. Her attorney husband,
Robert Treuhaft, died in 2001. In 2001 Mary S. Lovell authored "The
Sisters: The Saga of the Mitford Family." In 2006 “Decca: The
Letters of Jessica,” edited by Peter Y. Sussman was published. In
2010 Leslie Brody authored “Irrepressible: The Life and Times of
(SFC, 6/30/96, Z1 p.3)(SFC, 11/12/01,
p.A18)(SSFC, 1/6/02, p.M1)(SFC, 11/3/06, p.E9)(SSFC, 11/14/10, p.F7)
1997 Jul 23, The US and
Venezuela signed an agreement to allow authorities of both countries
to board boats of each others flags if suspected of carrying drugs.
(SFC, 7/24/97, p.A11)
1997 Jul 23, The search for
Andrew Cunanan, the suspected killer of designer Gianni Versace and
others, ended as police found his body on a houseboat in Miami
Beach, Fla., an apparent suicide.
(SFC, 7/24/97, p.A1)(AP, 7/23/98)
1997 Jul 23, The ASEAN trade
bloc admitted Laos and Burma but barred Cambodia.
(SFC, 7/24/97, p.A12)
1997 Jul 23, In Britain the
government announced that tuition fees would be imposed for the
first time on all college students.
(SFC, 7/24/97, p.A11)
1997 Jul 23, In Cuba Elio Reve
Matos, salsa musician, died in a road accident. He developed the
rhythm known as "charangon," a combination of salsa styles that
included "changui" and "son."
(SFC, 7/26/97, p.A24)
1997 Jul 23, In Serbia Slobodan
Milosevic was sworn in as president of Yugoslavia and crowds reacted
by throwing shoes at his motorcade, symbolizing the young people who
have left Serbia due to his regime.
(SFC, 7/24/97, p.A10)
1997 Jul 23, Swiss banks
published a list of 2,000 WW II-era dormant accounts that included
assets of holocaust victims.
(SFC, 7/23/97, p.A8)
1998 Jul 23, The US Senate
voted to shut down the online gambling industry.
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.A1)
1998 Jul 23, It was reported
that the US Congress made the Air Force buy more C-130 transport
aircraft against its wishes. Since 1978 only 5 of 256 C-130s sent to
the Air National Guard and Air Reserve were requested by the Air
Force. The planes were built in Georgia.
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.A8)
1998 Jul 23, The Pacific Stock
Exchange announced an agreement to merge with the Chicago Board of
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.A1)
1998 Jul 23, Odwalla Inc.
agreed to pay a $1.5 million fine for contaminated apple-based
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.A1)
1998 Jul 23, Scientists at the
University of Hawaii announced they had turned out more than 50
carbon-copy mice, with a cloning technique said to be more reliable
than the one used to create Dolly the sheep.
1998 Jul 23, In Colombia Manuel
Mejia Vallejo, novelist, died at age 75. His work included "It was
Us," "The Marked Day," and "the House of the Two Palms."
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.D5)
1998 Jul 23, In Chechnya Pres.
Aslan Maskhadov received minor injuries from an assassination
attempt in Grozny that killed 2 bodyguards. He had been cracking
down on organized crime and Muslim militants.
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.D2)(WSJ, 7/24/98, p.A1)
1998 Jul 23, In Iran Tehran’s
Mayor Karbaschi was convicted and sentenced to 5 years in prison for
(WSJ, 7/24/98, p.A1)
1998 Jul 23, In Kenya John
Msafari, head of the revenue collection authority, was ordered
arrested along with 15 other officials and businessmen on charges of
defrauding the government of some $3.9 million.
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.D2)
1998 Jul 23, In Mexico three
girls escaped capture by police in Mexico City. They had been held
for 4 days and the two youngest were repeatedly raped. Sixteen
officers were later arrested.
(SFC, 7/28/98, p.A8)
1998 Jul 23, Russia planned to
sell its Admiral Gorshkov aircraft carrier to India for some $2
billion. The ship was launched in 1982 as the Baku.
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.D2)
1998 Jul 23, In Russia Vladimir
Dudintsev (79), writer, died. His work included "Not By Bread Alone"
and "White Garb." His work laid the foundation for a generation of
(SFEC, 7/26/98, p.D8)
1998 Jul 23, In Rwanda the army
said that it had killed a top rebel commander. Colonel Leonard
Nkundiye was killed along with at least 50 rebels on the Congo
(SFC, 7/24/98, p.D2)
1999 Jul 23, The 3-day
Woodstock '99 music festival began at the decommissioned Griffiss
Air Force Base in Rome, NY, with some 225,000 people. The $35-38
million production ended in chaos with hundreds of concertgoers
burning fires, looting and vandalizing.
(USAT, 7/26/99, p.1D,5D)(SFC, 7/26/99, p.E3)(SFC,
1999 Jul 23, After a 2 day
delay the Chandra X-ray Observatory was launched from Cape Canaveral
aboard the shuttle Columbia led by Commander Eileen Collins, the
first woman to command a US space flight.
(SFC, 7/23/99, p.A3)(AP, 7/23/00)
1999 Jul 23, Members of the
Kennedy family gathered in New York City for a private memorial Mass
a week after John F. Kennedy Junior, his wife, Carolyn, and her
sister, Lauren Bessette, died in a plane crash off Martha’s
1999 Jul 23, Jaquita Mack (11)
was raped and strangled in Oakland’s Fruitvale district after she
disappeared following a bike ride. Her body was found the next day
in East Oakland, Ca. On Aug 8 police arrested Alex Demolle (24), a
neighbor on Fruitvale Ave. In 2007 Demolle was convicted of 1st
degree murder and was sentenced to death on Dec 14.
(SFC, 7/27/99, p.A13,15)(SFC, 8/9/99, p.A1)(SFC,
5/4/07, p.B5)(SFC, 12/15/07, p.B3)
1999 Jul 23, Kelvin Lancaster,
economist, died in NYC at age 74. He outlined "The General Theory of
the Second Best" and analyzed consumer demand by looking at the
underlying characteristics of consumer demand.
(SFC, 7/28/99, p.C2)
1999 Jul 23, In Colombia a US
anti-narcotics reconnaissance airplane crashed with 5 US Army
personnel and 2 Colombians.
(USAT, 7/26/99, p.7A)
1999 Jul 23, In Japan Yuzi
Nishizawa (b.1970) attempted to hijack flight 61 from Tokyo and
stabbed to death pilot Naoyuki Nagashima (51). The hijacker was
overcome and the plane landed safely with 516 passengers. On March
23, 2005, Nishizawa was found to be guilty, but of unsound mind and
thus only partly responsible for his actions. Presiding judge
Hisaharu Yasui handed Nishizawa a life sentence in 2005.
1999 Jul 23, In Kosovo 14 Serb
farmers were found shot dead near the village of Gracko.
(SFC, 7/24/99, p.A9)
1999 Jul 23, In Morocco King
Hassan II died at age 70. He was succeeded by his son, Crown Prince
Sidi Mohamed (36), who became King Mohammed VI.
(SFC, 7/24/99, p.A1)(AP, 7/23/00)
1999 Jul 23, Russia ended a
4-month boycott on contacts with NATO.
(SFC, 7/24/99, p.C1)
2000 Jul 23, Tiger Woods, at
24, became the youngest player to win the career Grand Slam with a
record-breaking 19-under par in the British Open. Karrie Webb, 25,
won the US Women’s Open.
(SFC, 7/24/00, p.A1)(AP, 7/23/01)
2000 Jul 23, Lance Armstrong
won the 21-day, 2,250-mile Tour de France for the 2nd year in a row.
(WSJ, 7/24/00, p.A1)
2000 Jul 23, President Clinton
rejoined the troubled Middle East talks at Camp David after hurrying
back from a four-day trip to Asia.
2000 Jul 23, Leaders of the
major industrial countries concluded their summit in Japan by
announcing a campaign to slash the number of deaths worldwide from
AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.
2000 Jul 23, In Nigeria another
pipeline fire broke out near the port of Warri and left 40 fuel
(SFC,7/25/00, p.A14)(SFC, 7/26/00, p.A14)
2000 Jul 23, Ivory Coast voters
cast ballots for a new constitution intended to restore civilian
rule. The new constitution was approved overwhelmingly.
(SFC, 7/24/00, p.A14)(SFC, 7/26/00, p.A14)
2001 Jul 23, Pres. Bush met
with Pope John Paul II at Castel Gandolfo, Italy, and was urged to
reject the use of human embryos for stem cell research.
(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A1)(AP, 7/23/02)
2001 Jul 23, The US Pentagon
shut down public access to its web sites due to a computer worm
called the Code Red worm. It defaced web sites with the words
"Hacked by Chinese."
(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A2)
2001 Jul 23, Eudora Welty (92),
Pulitzer Prize-winning writer, died in Jackson, Miss. Her work
included the 1941 collection "A Curtain of Green and Other Stories"
and the 1973 Pulitzer Prize winning "The Optimist’s Daughter." In
1998 Ann Waldron authored the biography “Eudora” against the
writer’s wishes. In 2005 Suzanne Marrs authored the biography
(WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A17)(WSJ,
2001 Jul 23, In Bonn, Germany,
negotiators from 178 nations, without the US, rescued the 1997 Kyoto
Protocol and accepted rules to cut emissions of waste gases linked
to global warming after marathon talks.
(DFP, 7/24/01, p.3A)(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A1)(AP,
2001 Jul 23, Anarchist groups
in Europe retaliated for the death in Genoa of protester Carlo
(WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)
2001 Jul 23, In Burundi Pres.
Buyoya survived a coup attempt by Tutsi soldiers and sealed a
power-sharing accord with Hutu politicians. The Arusha accord called
for Buyoya to lead for 18 months followed by a Hutu president for
another 18 months with elections to follow.
(WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A6)
2001 Jul 23, In Colombia
retired Gen. Rito Alejo del Rio was arrested on charges of helping
create right-wing paramilitary groups.
(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A12)
2001 Jul 23, It was reported
that flooding in India’s Orissa state had killed some 83 people and
left over 600,000 stranded.
(WSJ, 7/23/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/25/01, p.A9)
2001 Jul 23, In Indonesia Pres.
Wahid declared a state of emergency. The military refused to carry
out his orders and parliament met to remove him. The parliament
ousted Wahid with a 591 to 0 vote and swore in Megawati Sukarnoputri
as the country’s 5th president.
(SFC, 7/23/01, p.A1)(DFP, 7/24/01, p.3A)(SFC,
2001 Jul 23, In Iran a 19th
woman was reported strangled in Mashad.
(DFP, 7/24/01, p.3A)
2001 Jul 23, Israeli police
killed a Palestinian who drove a would-be bomber toward Haifa. In
Gaza Israeli soldiers killed a Palestinian teenager.
(WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)
2001 Jul 23, In Macedonia
security forces engaged ethnic Albanian rebels in fierce fighting
around Tetovo. Macedonian mobs in Skopje, angered by Western efforts
at mediation, attacked symbolic targets.
(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A6)
2001 Jul 23, Nepal’s new
government declared a unilateral ceasefire and called on Maoist
rebels to talk peace. In a recent skirmish guerrillas killed at
least 17 police officers in Pandusen.
(WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/24/01, p.A12)(SFC,
2001 Jul 23, In Pakistan flash
floods killed at least 150 people. In Islamabad 24 inches of rain
broke a 100-year record.
(WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)(SFC, 7/25/01, p.A9)
2001 Jul 23, In Sri Lanka Tamil
separatists attack an air base, damaged a number of planes and shut
down the Bandaranaike airport, the nation’s only int’l. airport. 7
soldiers and 8 guerrillas were killed. 3 jetliners and 8 warplanes
were blown up in a suicide attack by 13 rebels.
(WSJ, 7/24/01, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/25/01, p.A1)(SFC,
2002 Jul 23, Pres. Bush signed
legislation designating Nevada's Yucca Mountain as the nation's
nuclear waste repository.
(WSJ, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 23, In California the
Davis administration and Oracle Corp. agreed to cancel a $95 million
DB software contract.
(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A18)
2002 Jul 23, In California a
growing fire in Sequoia Nat'l. Park consumed 48,200 acres in 3 days.
(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 23, The DJIA fell 82
to 7702. The Nasdaq fell 53 to 1229.
(WSJ, 7/24/02, p.C1)
2002 Jul 23, Leo McKern (82),
Australian actor, died in Bath, England. He played the barrister in
the TV show "Rumpole of the Bailey."
(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 23, Chaim Potok (73),
rabbi and author of novels that included "The Chosen," died at his
home in suburban Philadelphia. "Literature presents you with
alternative mappings of the human experience."
(SFC, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 23, William Pierce
(d.2002), white supremacist author of the 1978 "Turner Diaries,"
died in Hillsboro, West Virginia.
(WSJ, 7/24/02, p.A1)
2002 Jul 23, Maria Adela Gard
de Antokoletz (90), one of the founding members of the Argentine
human rights group Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, died.
2002 Jul 23, A memo from 10
Downing St. described an earlier meeting of Sir Richard Dearlove,
head of British Intelligence, with US officials in Washington in
which he noted a shift in attitude in the Bush administration, which
saw military action as inevitable in Iraq and that it would be
justified by the conjunction of terrorism and WMD. The memo became
public in 2005.
(SFC, 7/4/05, p.B6)
2002 Jul 23, Welsh archbishop
Rowan Williams was chosen to be the 104th archbishop of Canterbury,
spiritual leader of the world's Anglicans.
2002 Jul 23, A frail Pope John
Paul II walked down the steps of his plane instead of using a lift
after arriving in Canada to join thousands of young Catholic
pilgrims for World Youth Day. Tens of thousands of exuberant young
Catholics massed in Toronto to greet the Pope.
(AP, 7/23/02)(Reuters, 7/23/02)
2002 Jul 23, In Colombia a bomb
exploded in front of a Medellin restaurant where politicians and
journalists traditionally gather, killing a former congressman and
injuring nine other people.
2002 Jul 23, An Israeli F-16
warplane dropped a one ton bomb that flattened a Gaza City apartment
building, killing Salah Shehadeh, the leader of Hamas' military
wing, and at least 14 other Palestinians, including nine children.
Shehadeh was at the top of Israel's most wanted list. The dead
included Shehadeh’s wife and 3 kids. In 2009 a Spanish judge began
an investigation into seven current or former Israeli officials over
the 2002 bombing. In 2011 an Israeli inquiry ruled the air strike
legal and blamed faulty intelligence for the civilian deaths.
(AP, 7/23/02)(SFC, 7/23/02, p.A1)(AP,
1/29/09)(SFC, 2/28/11, p.A2)
2002 Jul 23, In Nepal floods
and landslides triggered by heavy monsoon rains killed at least 11
people over the last 2 days, bringing to 67 the number of deaths
caused by bad weather over the past two weeks.
2002 Jul 23-24, In Turkey
floods and lightning caused by summer storms have killed at least 18
people. Three other people were missing.
2002 Jul 23, In Zimbabwe at
least 15 people illegally mining gold were killed when an abandoned
mine shaft in Mhondoro caved in.
2003 Jul 23, California's 1st
statewide recall for Gov. Davis qualified for ballot, which was soon
scheduled for Oct 7.
(SFC, 7/24/03, p.A1)(SFC, 7/25/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 23, Massachusetts'
attorney general issued a report saying clergy members and others in
the Boston Archdiocese probably sexually abused more than 1,000
people over a period of six decades.
2003 Jul 23, New York City
Councilman James Davis (41) was shot to death by political rival
Othniel Askew (31) at City Hall; a police officer shot and killed
2003 Jul 23, A new audiotape,
purported to be of toppled dictator Saddam Hussein, was broadcast by
an Arab satellite station. It called on former soldiers to rise up
against the American occupation.
2003 Jul 23, In "Operation
Helpem Fren" an Australian-led peacekeeping force poured into the
Solomon Islands to keep the island chain from slipping deeper into
(AP, 7/24/03)(Econ, 8/9/03, p.34)
2003 Jul 23, Iran acknowledged
that it was holding senior al Qaeda figures, but would not identify
(WSJ, 7/24/03, p.A1)
2003 Jul 23, In Peru 5 masked
gunmen attacked a Canadian mining camp in the Andes, killing a
Peruvian geologist, wounding another and stealing equipment.
2003 Jul 23, In Sao Tome rebel
leaders ended a weeklong bloodless coup after the president signed
an accord promising to replace the government and give them amnesty.
2003 Jul 23, In Uganda 2
passenger boats capsized in strong winds and rough waters on Lake
Albert, and more than 20 people were believed to have drowned.
2004 Jul 23, President Bush
froze the assets of former Liberian President Charles Taylor, his
family and top aides and accused them of undermining the country's
transition to democracy.
2004 Jul 23, The Pentagon
released newly discovered payroll records from President Bush's 1972
service in the Alabama National Guard, though the records shed no
new light on the future president's activities during that summer.
2004 Jul 23, In Bosnia
Britain's Prince Charles and other foreign dignitaries gathered to
reopen the Mostar bridge over the Neretva River. The original was
built in 1566.
2004 Jul 23, In northwest
Colombia police seized 4 1/2 tons of cocaine with an estimated
street value of $90 million.
2004 Jul 23, Gunmen in Mosul
attacked a retired Iraqi general as he headed to a mosque to pray,
killing him and another man. Maj. Gen. Salim Majeed Blesh (58) had
worked for the former U.S. occupation government.
2004 Jul 23, Iraqi insurgents
in Baghdad kidnapped Muhammad Mamdouh Qutb, a 3rd ranking official
of the Egyptian Embassy, demanding his country abandon any plans it
had to send security experts to Iraq.
(SFC, 7/24/04, p.A13)(AP, 7/23/05)
2004 Jul 23, A van carrying
Iraqi civilians collided with a U.S. tank near Baghdad, killing nine
people and injuring 10.
2004 Jul 23, Joe Cahill
(b.1920), a founding father of the modern Irish Republican Army who
once narrowly avoided the hangman's noose, died in Belfast.
(AP, 7/24/04)(SFC, 7/26/04, p.B4)
2004 Jul 23, The Japanese
government reported that suicides in Japan in 2003 surged to an
all-time high topping 34,000 deaths in a trend fueled by health and
2004 Jul 23, Leaders from the 2
main rebel groups in Sudan's western Darfur region agreed to
participate in "substantive negotiations" for a political solution
to the humanitarian crisis.
2005 Jul 23, Myron Florin (85),
accordionist with Lawrence Welk, died in California.
(WSJ, 7/25/05, p.A1)
2005 Jul 23, In southern
Afghanistan suspected Taliban militants fatally shot a district
2005 Jul 23, The man shot at
the Stockwell subway station on July 22 was identified as Jean
Charles de Menezes (27) of Brazil. London police acknowledged that
Menezes had nothing to do with recent bombings on the city’s transit
system. Brazil's government demanded an explanation for the fatal
police shooting of a Brazilian citizen on a London subway car.
2005 Jul 23, The Colombian
government offered to buy farmers' illegal crops of coca, in the
latest effort to stem illegal drug production in this South American
nation. Pres. Alvaro Uribe said in a speech that farmers would have
to sign a document promising to never again cultivate illegal crops
in order to get the money. The government would destroy the
2005 Jul 23, In Egypt a rapid
series of car bombs and another blast ripped through a luxury hotel
and a coffeeshop in the Egyptian Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheik,
killing at least 83 people. The Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigades, a group
citing ties to al-Qaida, claimed responsibility for the bombings.
The previously unknown Mujahedi Masr or "Holy Warriors of Egypt"
group disputed the claims of the Abdullah Azzam Brigades, al-Qaida,
and said five of its own members died carrying out seven explosions.
(AP, 7/23/05)(AP, 7/24/05)(Econ, 7/30/05, p.40)
2005 Jul 23, Kristina Miller
(27) of Peachtree City, Ga., was the only American killed in
the blasts at the Egyptian resort at Sharm el-Sheik.
2005 Jul 23, In Abidjan, Ivory
Coast, unidentified assailants attacked two security force posts,
sparking gunfights that reportedly killed at least four people.
2005 Jul 23, A magnitude-6.0
earthquake shook the Tokyo area, injuring at least 27 people.
2005 Jul 23, In Turkey a bomb
exploded at an Istanbul cafe frequented by tourists, injuring at
least two people.
2005 Jul 23, In Umm Al-Quwain,
UAR, a $3.3 billion deal for the Khor al-Beidah lagoon complex was
signed. A few days later developers announced Umm Al-Quwain's desert
interior would be the site for a new city that could eventually
house as many as 500,000 people.
2005 Jul 23, Zimbabwe President
Robert Mugabe arrived in Beijing for a visit expected to include a
plea for oil and food to aid his state's failing economy.
2006 Jul 23, US cyclist
Floyd Landis (31) won the 3-week, 2,267-mile Tour de France 57
seconds ahead of Oscar Pereiro of Spain. Reports on July 27 Landis
said had tested positive for the male sex hormone testosterone.
(SFC, 7/24/06, p.D1)(Reuters, 7/27/06)
2006 Jul 23, Tiger Woods won
his 2nd consecutive British Open golf title.
(WSJ, 7/24/06, p.A1)
2006 Jul 23, In southern
Indiana 2 sets of sniper attacks within hours of each other left one
man dead, another wounded and four vehicles peppered with bullet
holes. On July 25 police said a Gaston youth (18) confessed to
(AP, 7/24/06)(WSJ, 7/26/06, p.A1)
2006 Jul 23, In Afghanistan 19
Taliban were killed and 17 fighters, including two Pakistani
nationals, arrested in a raid by Afghan forces in southern Helmand
province. Police said three policemen were killed and three others
kidnapped in a Taliban attack on a police checkpoint in southeastern
Ghazni province. Attackers hurled grenades into the home of a
village postman in eastern Khost province, killing three of his
(AFP, 7/23/06)(AFP, 7/24/06)
2006 Jul 23, The 654-foot
Singapore-flagged Cougar Ace, a cargo ship carrying 4,813 cars from
Japan to Canada, began tilting to its port side late at night
hundreds of miles off Alaska's Aleutian Islands. 23 crew members
were rescued the next day. The ship was owned by Tokyo-based Mitsui
O.S.K. Lines and listed for on its side for several weeks before
being righted. 4,703 of the cars were new Mazdas valued at about
$100 million. After a year of planning Mazda scheduled all the cars
for complete reduction to scrap in Portland, Ore.
(AP, 7/25/06)(SFC, 7/25/06, p.A2)(WSJ, 4/29/08,
2006 Jul 23, In England a gust
of wind blew an inflatable art exhibit from its moorings at a park
in Durham, killing two people and injuring 12. Up to 30 people were
on the "Dreamspace", an inflatable network of multicolored tunnels,
when wind blew it 30 feet in the air.
2006 Jul 23, Police in India
raided a forest hideout for communist rebels in the southern state
of Andhra Pradesh state, killing Burra Chinnaiah, a guerrilla chief,
and at least 7 other people.
2006 Jul 23, PM Al-Maliki left
for Washington for talks on reversing the country's slide toward
civil war. A suicide bomber detonated an explosives-laden minibus
amid a crowd of day laborers seeking work in a crowded market in
Baghdad's mainly Shiite district of Sadr City, killing at least 34
people. This was followed by a bomb attack in front of the area's
town hall, which killed eight. Three hours later a one-ton car bomb
exploded outside a courthouse in the mixed northern city of Kirkuk,
leaving at least 22 dead and 100 injured.
2006 Jul 23, Israeli warplanes
struck a minibus carrying people fleeing the fighting in southern
Lebanon, killing three people, Lebanese security officials said, and
Israel said it would accept a NATO-led international force to keep
the peace along the border. Hezbollah rockets killed two civilians
in northern Israel. Layal Nejim (23), a photographer working for a
Lebanese magazine, was killed when an Israeli missile exploded near
2006 Jul 23, In Indian Kashmir
4 people were killed in three separate incidents.
2006 Jul 23, Palestinian
militants in Gaza fired three rockets at Israel, despite reports
that they had agreed to halt such attacks.
2006 Jul 23, Zuleyka Rivera
Mendoza (18) of Puerto Rico was crowned as Miss Universe 2006. She
hoped to someday star in US and Latin American films.
2006 Jul 23, In Somalia a local
rights group said gunmen have killed 682 civilians, including a
foreign journalist, in executions over the past year.
2006 Jul 23, Syria, one of
Hezbollah's main backers, said it will press for a cease-fire to end
the fighting between Israel and the Islamic militant group but only
in the framework of a broader Middle East peace initiative.
2007 Jul 23, In the first
political debate of its kind, all eight Democratic Party contenders,
appearing on CNN, fielded questions submitted by the public on the
Internet video-sharing site YouTube.
2007 Jul 23, US congressional
investigators said the Agriculture Department has sent $1.1 billion
in farm payments to more than 170,000 dead people over a seven-year
2007 Jul 23, The US FDA said
people should immediately throw away more than 90 different
products, from chili sauce to corned beef hash to dog food, produced
at a Castleberry plant in Augusta, Ga., linked to a botulism
2007 Jul 23, In San Francisco
Seu Kuka (28) was gunned down in the Sunnydale Housing projects of
Visitacion Valley. In 2010 Jamal Trulove was convicted of 1st degree
murder and sentenced 50 years to live in prison. Trulove had
appeared on a VH1 reality show, “I Love New York 2,” just 3 months
after the slaying.
(SSFC, 10/17/10, p.C2)
2007 Jul 23, Jennifer
Hawke-Petit and her two daughters were killed during a violent home
invasion in Cheshire, Conn. Dr. William Petit, was badly beaten but
escaped. His wife and one daughter were sexually assaulted. The
girls, aged 11 and 17, were tied to their beds, doused in gasoline,
and left to die in a fire. Steven Hayes (44) and Joshua
Komisarjevsky (27), on parole at the time for other burglaries, were
accused of their murder. Prosecutors later said they will seek the
death penalty. On Nov 8, 2010, Hayes was sentenced to death.
Komisarjevsky was convicted of murder in 2011 and was sentenced to
death. In 2013 HBO aired “The Cheshire Murders,” a documentary based
on the case.
(AP, 7/23/08)(AP, 10/5/10)(SFC, 11/27/10,
p.A5)(SFC, 10/14/11, p.A6)(SFC, 12/10/11, p.A6)(SFC, 7/22/13, p.E1)
2007 Jul 23, Zhenli Ye Gon was
arrested in a Maryland restaurant, four months after police
discovered $207 million at his Mexico City mansion in what US
officials have called the world's biggest seizure of drug cash.
Mexican officials had 60 days to file their legal arguments for Ye
Gon's extradition. Ye Gon has claimed that $150 million of the money
belonged to Mexico's ruling party, and that he was forced to store
it for party officials in his mansion under threat of death during
the 2006 presidential race. Ye Gon later told US prosecutors he had
sold tons of a chemical used to make methamphetamine on the black
(AP, 7/24/07)(AP, 10/23/09)
2007 Jul 23, Genial comic Drew
Carey was tapped to replace legend Bob Barker on the CBS daytime
game show "The Price is Right."
2007 Jul 23, In San Francisco
Seu Kuka (28) was gunned down in the Sunnydale Housing projects of
Visitacion Valley. In 2010 Jamal Trulove was convicted of 1st degree
murder and sentenced 50 years to live in prison. Trulove had
appeared on a VH1 reality show, “I Love New York 2,” just 3 months
after the slaying.
(SSFC, 10/17/10, p.C2)
2007 Jul 23, In northern
California a helicopter crashed while delivering water to
firefighters in the Klamath National Forest, killing the pilot. More
than 1,100 fire crews were battling a cluster of about 30
lightning-sparked fires covering 14 square miles near the Oregon
state line. The fires started July 10 and had threatened up to 550
homes near the town of Happy Camp.
2007 Jul 23, A wildfire in
southern Idaho had covered more than 880 square miles, growing by
about 200 square miles in just 24 hours during the weekend. Fire
officials said it threatened tracking and radar facilities at
Mountain Home Air Force bombing and firing range, which is used by
pilots training for duty in Iraq and Afghanistan. Firefighters in
central Utah faced a threat of strong wind gusts as they battled a
huge wildfire, where several small communities were evacuated.
(AP, 7/23/07)(SFC, 7/23/07, p.A5)
2007 Jul 23, John Gilman (65),
developer of FieldTurf, an artificial grass that replaced AstroTurf,
died at his home in Montreal. The FieldTurf technology was based on
patents filed by golfer Freddie Haas Jr.
(WSJ, 1/28/07, p.A6)
2007 Jul 23, Mohammad Zahir
Shah (b.1914), the last king of Afghanistan (1933-1973), died. In
2002 he had returned from 3 decades of exile to bless his country's
fragile course toward democracy. In southern Afghanistan troops
killed at least 75 militants in three separate battles, while the
Taliban extended the deadline for the lives of 23 South Korean
hostages until the evening of July 24. Norway said one if its
soldiers was killed in Logar province, and NATO said a soldier was
killed in the south. A roadside blast killed 4 US soldiers in
eastern Paktika province.
(AP, 7/23/07)(AP, 7/24/07)(Econ, 7/28/07, p.88)
2007 Jul 23, It was reported
that Rio police had killed 449 people since January, many in clashes
with drug traffickers, while more than 60 police officers lost their
(SFC, 7/23/07, p.A13)
2007 Jul 23, Former British
Prime Minister Tony Blair, in his new capacity as a Mideast envoy,
opened his mission to help Palestinians build solid foundations for
their future state.
2007 Jul 23, Foreign Minister
Peter MacKay said Canada will give the new Palestinian government
C$8 million ($7.6 million) in direct aid and more could follow now
that Hamas is no longer in the government.
2007 Jul 23, Fidel Castro
suggested that a two-time Cuban Olympic boxing champion and his
teammate had defected, blaming their disappearance at the Pan
American Games in Brazil on American money.
2007 Jul 23, The European Union
took the first step towards sending forces to Chad and the Central
African Republican to help the United Nations protect refugees
trapped in the violent region bordering Darfur.
2007 Jul 23, A Greek
firefighting plane crashed, killing one of its two-member crew while
trying to stop a forest fire reaching homes on the island of Evia.
2007 Jul 23, Indian officials
said dozens of plastic bags stuffed with body parts believed to be
from aborted female fetuses or newborn girls killed because their
families wanted boys have been found in an abandoned well in eastern
2007 Jul 23, Officials said
flash floods and landslides in central Indonesia have inundated
villages, destroyed bridges and roads, and sent thousands fleeing
their homes with over 80 people killed.
(AFP, 7/24/07)(AP, 7/26/07)
2007 Jul 23, Three parked cars
exploded within 30 minutes in a predominantly Shiite area in
Baghdad, killing at least 12 people. Another car packed with
explosives blew up on the main road about 200 yards from an entry
point to the US-controlled Green Zone, killing at least 4 Iraqis.
Also in Baghdad a bomb exploded on a minibus near a busy commercial
area, killing one person and wounding nine others. A roadside bomb
struck an Iraqi army patrol near the Iranian border, killing five
troops. Also near the Iranian border, gunmen ambushed a convoy of
trucks loaded with goods being sent from major wholesale markets in
Baghdad to Khanaqin, 90 miles northeast of Baghdad. Five people were
killed and three others kidnapped. In western Anbar province at
least two policemen were killed and 10 wounded when a woman hiding
an explosives belt under her Islamic gown blew herself up as she was
about to be searched at a checkpoint on the western outskirts of
Ramadi. At least 59 people were killed or found dead nationwide.
(AP, 7/23/07)(AP, 7/24/07)
2007 Jul 23, Israeli police
said 9 Israelis suspected of trafficking in organs and humans have
been arrested and remain in custody. The case was opened when an
Israeli woman filed a police complaint charging that she was not
paid after her kidney was removed in Ukraine.
2007 Jul 23, Nigerian police
said at least 10 people were killed over the weekend and dozens
sustained burns in the southern Delta state after adulterated
kerosene they were using in their stoves exploded. In southwest
Nigeria at least six people were killed and several trapped when a
three-storey building under construction collapsed.
(AFP, 7/23/07)(AFP, 7/24/07)
2007 Jul 23, In North
Waziristan, Pakistan, 2 security posts came under rocket attack and
an army convoy was attacked. At least 20 militants and two soldiers
were killed in fighting.
(AP, 7/23/07)(AP, 7/24/07)
2007 Jul 23, Abel Mutsakani,
the editor of an independent Zimbabwean news service based in South
Africa, was shot and seriously wounded in Johannesburg.
2007 Jul 23, Spain arrested
Roberto Florez Garcia in Tenerife, the Canary Islands, for selling
the identity of Spanish spies and other information about the
intelligence agency from 2001 until he left the service in 2004.
Police accused him of being a double agent for Russia.
(AP, 7/24/07)(WSJ, 1/25/07, p.A1)
2007 Jul 23, An attempt to
break an aviation speed record went horribly wrong when a small
"experimental" plane crashed through an apartment building in the
Swiss city of Basel, killing the pilot and injuring at least three
2007 Jul 23, The United Nations
rejected Taiwan's application to become a member of the world body,
citing UN adherence to the "one China" policy and its recognition of
the Chinese government in Beijing.
2008 Jul 23, Bill Gates, former
boss of Microsoft, joined Michael Bloomberg, the mayor of NYC, in
announcing a combined $500 million package to stamp out smoking.
2008 Jul 23, It was reported
that Napa Valley’s Chateau Montelena, winner of a 1976 wine tasting
event in France, was being purchased by Cos d’Estournel of Bordeaux,
(SFC, 7/23/08, p.C1)
2008 Jul 23, In Louisiana an
oil tanker and an oil barge collided near New Orleans creating a
12-mile oil slick and closing almost 100 miles of the Mississippi
River. Over 400,000 gallons of fuel spilled into the river.
(SFC, 7/24/08, p.A3)(SFC, 7/25/08, p.A2)
2008 Jul 23, Google unveiled a
new service dubbed “Knol,” an Internet encyclopedia, in which
contributing authors would share in ad revenue.
(SFC, 7/24/08, p.C4)
2008 Jul 23, Two environmental
groups estimated that cement kilns in the US annually released
mercury compounds totaling some 23,000 pounds. Two of the worst
emitters were located in northern California in Cupertino and
(SFC, 7/24/08, p.B1)
2008 Jul 23, In Afghanistan
militants killed a district police chief in the eastern Nangarhar
province after striking his convoy with a roadside bomb. Police
clashed with Taliban fighters in Uruzgan province, killing three
2008 Jul 23, The African Union
said it was incapable of stabilizing the situation in Somalia and
urged the UN take over peacekeeping operations in the lawless Horn
of Africa country.
2008 Jul 23, Australia
announced an extra $29 million in aid for survivors of Myanmar's May
cyclone, but pressed its recalcitrant military junta to democratize
quickly and respect human rights.
2008 Jul 23, The European
Commission froze almost euro500 million ($800 million) in aid to
Bulgaria, citing corruption, organized crime, severe spending
irregularities and alleged vote-buying in a country that only joined
the EU last year.
2008 Jul 23, In Democratic
Republic of Congo at least 45 people were killed and another 100
were missing after a boat sank on a remote stretch of the Ubangi
2008 Jul 23, France passed a
new law to let companies negotiate longer working hours with union
representatives, all but squelching the 35-hour week.
(Econ, 7/26/08, p.61)
2008 Jul 23, Iraq's Kurdish
government has denounced a draft law paving the way for US-backed
provincial elections and urged the presidential council to reject
it. The 18-year-old son of the chief editor of a US-sponsored
newspaper was shot to death as an American patrol passed nearby in
the northern city of Kirkuk.
(AP, 7/23/08)(AP, 7/25/08)
2008 Jul 23, US Presidential
hopeful Barack Obama donned a Jewish skullcap at Israel's Holocaust
memorial and vowed to preserve America's close ties with Israel in a
dramatic visit to the Holy Land in which he also promised the
Palestinians to push vigorously to win them a state.
2008 Jul 23, Hurricane Dolly
toppled trees and sent billboards flying in the Mexican city of
Matamoros, and authorities south of the US border warned of possible
flooding. Dolly also hit south Texas, but by evening it had weakened
to a tropical storm.
(AP, 7/24/08)(SFC, 7/24/08, p.A3)
2008 Jul 23, Opposition
lawmakers walked out of a Mongolian parliamentary session before
they were to be sworn in, saying they refused to participate because
last month's election was fraudulent.
2008 Jul 23, Nigeria's main
militant group threatened to destroy the nation's major oil
pipelines within 30 days to counter allegations it had struck a $12
million deal with the government to protect them.
2008 Jul 23, An international
rights group pressed Pakistan's new government to quickly
investigate the disappearance of hundreds of people allegedly
rounded up by security agencies as part of the anti-terror campaign.
2008 Jul 23, In Sri Lanka
government forces killed 25 rebels in battles in the Vavuniya,
Mannar, Jaffna and Welioya regions along the front lines.
2008 Jul 23, In Sudan
government planes bombed Karbala, a Darfur village, while Pres.
Bashir was addressing cheering crowds in the nearby city of
el-Fasher. according to a rebel faction 3 people were killed and 8
2008 Jul 23, Turkish warplanes
bombed 13 Kurdish rebel targets in the Zab region of northern Iraq.
2008 Jul 23, Venezuela signed
over three more oil fields to a joint venture with Belarus, with
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez declaring that the two nations were
strongly united in their resistance to "US imperialism" and
2009 Jul 23, US Vice President
Joe Biden pledged Washington's full support for Georgia a year after
its war with Russia and urged Moscow to abide by a ceasefire pact
and pull its troops back from two rebel regions.
2009 Jul 23, US Border Patrol
Agent Robert Rosas was killed near Campo, Ca. On July 25 Mexican
federal police detained four men suspected of involvement in the
killing of Rosas. Included was Ernesto Parra Valenzuela, identified
as the suspected killer of Rosas. In 2009 Christian Daniel Castro
Alvarez (17) pleaded guilty to murdering Rosas. On April 29, 2010,
Alvarez was sentenced to 40 years in prison. A 2nd suspect, Marcos
Manuel Rodriguez Perez, was arrested on April 11, 2011.
p.A4)(SFC, 11/21/09, p.A4)(AP, 4/29/10)(AP, 4/11/11)
2009 Jul 23, US
counter-terrorism officials said that Saad bin Laden (27), the
2nd-eldest son of Al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden, was apparently
killed in a US missile strike inside Pakistan this year.
(SFC, 7/24/09, p.A4)
2009 Jul 23, Federal
prosecutors arrested over 40 people in New Jersey and New York as
part of a major corruption and international money laundering
conspiracy probe. They included New Jersey Assemblyman Daniel Van
Pelt, Hoboken Mayor Peter Cammarano III, Secaucus Mayor Dennis
Elwell and Jersey City Deputy Mayor Leona Beldini. Several rabbis in
New York and New Jersey were also arrested. Some were accused of
laundering tens of millions of dollars and of black-market
trafficking of kidneys and fake Gucci handbags.
(AP, 7/23/09)(AP, 7/24/09)
2009 Jul 23, The Columbus
Salame plant in South San Francisco, established in 1967, was
devastated by fire.
(SFC, 7/24/09, p.D2)
2009 Jul 23, In Michigan the
last edition of The Ann Arbor News rolled off the presses After 174
years, with a three-word headline: "Farewell, Ann Arbor." It is
being replaced by AnnArbor.com, an online news site that will
produce a print edition twice a week.
2009 Jul 23, E. Lynn Harris
(b.1955), pioneer of gay black fiction, died while promoting his
latest book in Los Angeles. Long before the secret world of closeted
black gay men came to light in America, Harris introduced a
generation of black women to the phenomenon known as the "down low."
His debut "Invisible Life" (1994) was a coming-of-age story that
dealt with the then-taboo topic.
2009 Jul 23, In Afghanistan an
operation conducted by US-led coalition forces in the Baidar area of
Gelan district killed eight Taliban, five of them foreigners.
2009 Jul 23, Arab health
ministers decided to ban children, the elderly and those with
chronic medical conditions from attending the annual Muslim
pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia this year in effort to slow the spread of
2009 Jul 23, Chinese
researchers reported that they have produced living mice from
connective tissue cells induced to revert to their embryonic state.
(SFC, 7/24/09, p.A11)
2009 Jul 23, In China a
landslide triggered by heavy rain hit a county in southwestern
Sichuan province, killing at least four people and leaving 53 others
2009 Jul 23, In China female
panda You You (pronounced Yo Yo) gave birth to the new cub at the
Wolong Giant Panda Research Center in southwestern Sichuan. This was
the first successful birth of a panda cub from artificial
insemination using frozen sperm, giving a new option for the
notoriously poor breeders.
2009 Jul 23, Iceland formally
applied to join the European Union but said it would not accept a
"rotten deal" for its fishing industry, a key sector of the island
nation's troubled economy.
2009 Jul 23, The wife of
Iranian opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi said that her brother
is among the hundreds arrested in Iran's postelection crackdown, and
she warned authorities not to publish any "forced confessions" from
him or other detainees.
2009 Jul 23, Israeli defense
officials said tests of a missile-defense system meant to shield
Israel from Iranian attack were aborted over the past week on three
occasions because of various malfunctions.
2009 Jul 23, In Japan Jerry Yu
(30), a US citizen who worked for a Japanese communications company
in Tokyo, was found dead of probable hypothermia off a trail just
below the peak of Mount Fuji. His colleague, Takeshi Nakamura (27),
was found dead the next day.
2009 Jul 23, In Kyrgyzstan
Almazbek Atambayev, the main opposition candidate, said he was no
longer taking part in this day’s presidential election, citing
widespread ballot-stuffing and the intimidation of election
monitors. Pres. Bakiyev (59) won another 5-year term with 76% of the
ballots. International monitors said the election was marred by
ballot-box stuffing and widespread irregularities in vote counting.
(AP, 7/23/09)(AP, 8/2/09)
2009 Jul 23, In Nigeria Wole
Soyinka, 1986 Nobel laureate in literature, slammed Nigeria's
handling of the crisis in the oil region and urged the government to
adopt a "holistic" approach in tackling it. Excepts of the news
conference were reported the next day on private Channels
2009 Jul 23, In Pakistan the
Taliban denied claims that Maulana Fazlullah, architect of a brutal
uprising in Pakistan's Swat valley, was wounded and threatened to
unleash renewed holy war. Pakistan said on July 8 it had "credible"
information that Fazlullah was injured during a blistering offensive
designed to crush Taliban militants. Two policemen were killed and
three others wounded when a roadside bomb exploded near a checkpoint
in Shangla district. A bomb hidden in a supposed gift of a tape
recorder killed another policeman at a checkpoint outside the town
of Karak, which borders the Taliban-infested North Waziristan tribal
2009 Jul 23, The Philippine
government ordered its military to stop offensives against Muslim
separatist rebels in a bid to restart peace talks, a move welcomed
by the guerrillas.
2009 Jul 23, In Poland say
seven people died in violent storms.
2009 Jul 23, South Africa’s
President Jacob Zuma's new government warned protesters they must
respect the law as violent demonstrations against shoddy public
services spread across townships.
2009 Jul 23, Yemeni security
forces opened fire on thousands of protesters in the south chanting
anti-government slogans, killing 12 and wounding scores of others.
Demonstrations by former army members in southern Yemen demanding
political reforms have been occurring regularly since August, 2007.
2010 Jul 23, Jesus Quinonez,
the international liaison for the Baja California state attorney
general's office, was among 43 defendants named in a US federal
racketeering complaint that alleges murder, kidnapping and other
crimes. They were accused of working for Fernando Sanchez Arellano,
widely considered the most-wanted drug kingpin in Tijuana. Quinonez
(49) was arrested a day earlier in San Diego during a traffic stop.
2010 Jul 23, In Bell, Ca., 3
administrators whose huge salaries sparked outrage in this small
blue-collar suburb of LA agreed to resign. Chief Administrative
Officer Robert Rizzo (56) was being paid $787,637 a year. Assistant
City Manager Angela Spaccia made $376,288 a year, and Police Chief
Randy Adams made $457,000. On July 26 the City Council voted to
slash salaries by 90%. On April 14, 2014, Rizzo was sentenced to 33
months in federal prison on two counts of tax fraud. On April 16
Rizzo was sentenced to 12 years in state prison.
(AP, 7/23/10)(SFC, 7/27/10, p.A6)(SFC, 4/15/14,
p.A6)(SFC, 4/17/14, p.A5)
2010 Jul 23, Work to
permanently choke off BP's broken oil well stalled as Tropical Storm
Bonnie raced toward the Gulf of Mexico and dozens of ships evacuated
2010 Jul 23, Daniel Schorr,
veteran news reported died in Washington DC. In 1973 as a CBS
reporter Schorr aired Pres. Nixon’s “enemies list,” finding his own
name as #17 of 20. Schorr’s book included “Clearing the Air” (1978).
(SFC, 7/24/10, p.C4)
2010 Jul 23, In eastern
Afghanistan a bomb exploded inside a mosque, seriously wounding a
candidate in upcoming parliamentary elections and at least 16 other
people. Two American service members left their compound in Kabul
and failed to return. They were believed to have been captured by
insurgents somewhere in Logar province. Taliban spokesman Zabiullah
Mujahid later said the pair drove into an area of Logar province
that is under insurgent control. He says that during a brief
gunfight, one American was killed and the other was captured. The
body of Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Justin McNeley (30) was found
on July 25. On July 28 the body of the 2nd sailor, Petty Officer 3rd
Class Jarod Newlove (25) was recovered. In southern Helmand province
at least 45 civilians, many women and children, were killed in a
rocket attack by the NATO-led foreign force. Alliance and
Afghan troops came under attack about 6 miles (10 km) south of the
village and responded with helicopter-borne strikes. Coalition
forces reported six insurgents killed, including a Taliban
(AP, 7/23/10)(Reuters, 7/24/10)(AP,
7/25/10)(Reuters, 7/26/10)(AP, 7/28/10)(SFC, 7/28/10, p.A3)(AP,
2010 Jul 23, The African Union
said its forces battling Al-Qaeda-linked rebels in Mogadishu will be
boosted by a battalion from Guinea and could further swell to reach
2010 Jul 23, A Chinese court
sentenced a Uighur journalist to 15 years in jail for critical
writings and comments he made to foreign media after last year's
deadly ethnic riots in China's western Xinjiang region. Halaite
Niyaze was found guilty of "endangering national security" and
sentenced following a one-day trial in Urumqi.
2010 Jul 23, Typhoon Chanthu
killed three people before weakening into a tropical storm after
making landfall in southern China's Guangdong province.
2010 Jul 23, In the Dominican
Rep. 8 people who allegedly spent $170 million on apartments, cars
and other goods using money from Jose Figueroa, the Caribbean's top
drug trafficker, were formally charged with money laundering and
2010 Jul 23, Seven out of 91
banks failed European stress tests, which were organized in hope of
reviving investor confidence in Europe's embattled banking sector.
German state-owned lender Hypo Real Estate, five regional savings
banks in Spain and ATEBank of Greece failed the test of whether they
could resist a new financial shock. All have been ordered to
recapitalize or take state aid.
2010 Jul 23, EU police
investigating corruption arrested Hashim Rexhepi, Kosovo’s central
2010 Jul 23, In Indian Kashmir
security forces fired teargas at stone-throwing protesters as fresh
protests against Indian rule broke out. A minibus veered off a
mountain road under construction and plunged into a river, killing
at least 17 people.
(AP, 7/23/10)(AP, 7/24/10)
2010 Jul 23, The Marshall
Islands region of Ebeye, which has the unflattering reputation as
the "slum of the Pacific" has now been damned in a US Army report as
a health threat to residents.
2010 Jul 23, A Dutch court
slapped a one million euro fine on Trafigura, a Swiss-based company
whose chartered ship dumped hazardous waste the Ivory Coast says
killed 17 people on its soil. It was also found guilty of concealing
what the charge sheet referred to as the "harmful nature" of the
waste on board the Probo Koala ship that arrived at the port of
Amsterdam on July 2, 2006, but was redirected to the Ivory Coast.
2010 Jul 23, Pakistan’s
government said 30 people had been killed in flash floods in
Baluchistan province, mostly in Barkhan district.
2010 Jul 23, In South Africa a
police helicopter crashed, killing seven officers on board, as it
flew to the scene of a suspected hostage-taking northeast of
2010 Jul 23, Switzerland's
popular Glacier Express tourist train derailed in the Alps, killing
one person and injuring 42.
2010 Jul 23, Thailand’s Culture
Ministry said Facebook and Twitter are causing deteriorating
language skills among Thai students and authorities want them to
return to the bygone tradition of letter-writing.
2011 Jul 23, In Texas Tan Do
(35) opened fire at a child's birthday celebration at the Forum
Roller World in Grand Prairie, killing five people, wounding four
others and then killing himself as the private party turned to panic
and some fled screaming in their skates. The dead included Do’s
estranged wife, two of her sisters, her brother and her
(AP, 7/24/11)(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A5)
2011 Jul 23, John Shalikashvili
(b.1936), Polish-born former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
(1993-1997), died in Washington state.
(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.C8)
2011 Jul 23, Asian football
supremo Mohamed bin Hammam (62) was banned from the game for life
after being found guilty of corruption following a two-day hearing
of FIFA's ethics committee. The Qatari president of the Asian
Football Confederation (AFC), had been accused of trying to buy
votes in the FIFA presidential election with $40,000 cash gifts to
Caribbean football officials.
2011 Jul 23, In Afghanistan
NATO troops handed control of the northern capital Mazar-i-Sharif to
local forces. It was the sixth of seven areas to transition to
Afghan control. A NATO helicopter attack wounded 5 children in
Helmand province. On July 25 Britain took responsibility for the
attack, voicing "deep regret" and saying an investigation was under
(AFP, 7/23/11)(AFP, 7/25/11)
2011 Jul 23, In Bahrain cleric
Seyyed Abdullah al-Ghoreifi said authorities have demolished 30
Shiite mosques during their 5-month-old crackdown in the Sunni-ruled
2011 Jul 23, Thousands of
people marched through the streets of Derby protesting the British
governments decision to award a contract for new trains to Siemens,
German engineering company.
(Econ, 7/30/11, p.51)
2011 Jul 23, Amy Winehouse
(b.1983), the beehived soul-jazz diva whose self-destructive habits
overshadowed a distinctive musical talent, was found dead in her
London home. On Oct 26 an inquest was told she had suddenly drunk
heavily after abstaining from alcohol for three weeks and was
poisoned by alcohol.
2011 Jul 23, Canada returned
Lai Changxing (52) to China where he is accused of running a $10
billion smuggling ring that dealt in everything from cars to oil in
a scandal touching the government's highest levels.
2011 Jul 23, In eastern China a
crash involving two high-speed trains in Wenzhou city killed 40
people with 171 others injured. Rail officials later admitted that a
Chinese-made signaling system was to blame and said the company that
built it has apologized. 3 days after the crash legal authorities
ordered lawyers not to take on cases from the families of victims.
On Dec 28 a government report found 54 officials responsible for the
(AP, 7/24/11)(AFP, 7/30/11)(AFP, 8/11/11)(Econ,
8/6/11, p.34)(AP, 12/28/11)
2011 Jul 23, In Egypt groups of
men armed with knives and sticks attacked thousands of protesters
trying to march to the headquarters of the military rulers, setting
off fierce street clashes and leaving more than 300 injured. The
identity of the pro-army vigilantes could not immediately be
(AP, 7/23/11)(Econ, 7/30/11, p.41)
2011 Jul 23, In Iran gunmen
firing from motorcycles killed Dariush Rezaeinejad (35), said to be
an electronics masters’ student at Khajeh Nasir University in
Tehran. Initial reports said a pair of gunmen firing from
motorcycles killed Darioush Rezaei (35), a physics professor whose
area of expertise was neutron transport. It was later reported that
he participated in developing high-voltage switches, a key component
that is crucial to setting off the explosions needed to trigger a
(AP, 7/23/11)(AFP, 7/24/11)(AP, 7/28/11)
2011 Jul 23, In Israel tens of
thousands marched in the coastal city of Tel Aviv to protest against
rising housing prices and social inequalities in the Jewish state.
2011 Jul 23, Latvians voted by
a large majority to sack their Parliament in a historic referendum,
setting the stage for a snap election in September.
(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A4)
2011 Jul 23, Nguyen Cao Ky
(b.1930), the flamboyant former air force general who ruled South
Vietnam with an iron fist for two years (1965-1967) during the
Vietnam War, died in Malaysia. In 2002 he authored "Buddha's Child:
My Fight to Save Vietnam."
2011 Jul 23, In Mexico 6
suspected cartel gunmen were killed in an overnight clash with
soldiers in Ayotlan, Jalisco state. The army alleged that the men
were members of the Zetas drug cartel, and said they found assault
rifles, grenade launchers and ammunition at the scene. In
Guadalajara a man was arrested trying to board a plane to Panama at
the international airport carrying more than $290,000 in US currency
hidden in a suitcase. In Acapulco two human heads were found on a
highway bridge, wrapped in colorful plastic. The body of a third,
20-year-old man was found nearby riddled with bullets.
2011 Jul 23, Mexican soldiers
found a series of marijuana fields covering 148 acres (60 hectares)
in the northern state of Durango. The army patrol also found 40
metric tons (44 US tons) of harvested marijuana at the plantation.
2011 Jul 23, In Nigeria a bomb
exploded in a busy neighborhood in Maiduguri. A witness said at
least eight people were killed. Amnesty International said the
Nigerian Joint Military Task Force responded by shooting and killing
at least 23 people, apparently at random.
(AP, 7/24/11)(AFP, 7/25/11)
2011 Jul 23, In Pakistan an
anti-Taliban militia killed 13 militants in 2 days of clashes in the
northwestern Kurram tribal region. Gunmen riding on a motorcycle
shot and killed five laborers at a construction site for a mosque in
2011 Jul 23, Rescuers in
Scotland said they have guided 44 pilot whales stranded in an
estuary back to sea, but 25 other whales from the pod did not
survive the incident and died.
2011 Jul 23, Senegal's
opposition went ahead with a protest and thousands of demonstrators
poured into a square after a last-minute change to the venue to
skirt a ban on demonstrations issued by the government. They amassed
at Place de l'Obelisque, just outside Dakar's downtown district, to
demand the departure of President Abdoulaye Wade (85) who is
attempting to run for a third term.
2011 Jul 23, In Spain several
hundred people, angry about their country’s economic crises,
protested on the outskirts of Madrid following a month-long march
from their hometowns.
(SSFC, 7/24/11, p.A4)
2011 Jul 23, In South Sudan
rebel leader Gatluak Gai was shot and killed by his own men in
oil-rich Unity state days after he signed a peace deal to integrate
his forces into the southern army.
2011 Jul 23, Voters in Sri
Lanka's northern Tamil heartland trickled to polling stations to
elect local councils following the country's long civil war.
Election monitoring group Campaign for Free and Fair Elections said
in a statement that uniformed men suspected to be members of the
military were forcibly collecting voting cards apparently to rig the
elections. It reported such incidents took place in 20 villages.
2011 Jul 23, A Syrian passenger
train derailed and caught fire near Homs, killing the driver and
injuring 14 passengers, after "saboteurs" tore out part of the
2011 Jul 23, President Hugo
Chavez (56) returned to Venezuela after spending almost a week in
Cuba to receive chemotherapy treatment for his cancer.
2012 Jul 23, The US NCAA
imposed penalties on Penn State and its football program related to
the cover-up of pedophile charges against former defensive coach
Jerry Sandusky. The penalties included $60 million and the
abdicating of all wins since 1998.
(SFC, 7/25/12, p.A10)
2012 Jul 23, Sally Ride (61),
the first US woman to travel into space and an advocate for science
education, died in Florida after a 17-month battle with pancreatic
cancer. Her death made it public that her surviving partner of 27
years was a woman. Ride first launched into space in 1983 aboard
Challenger on the 7th mission of US space shuttle program. In 2014
Lynn Sherr authored “Sally Ride: America’s First Woman in Space.”
(Reuters, 7/24/12)(SSFC, 7/13/14, p.N3)
2012 Jul 23, An Afghan army
soldier turned his gun on his NATO colleagues injuring two US troops
in Faryab province. Gunmen killed 3 people in an ambush on a van in
northern Parvan province, including an American electrical engineer
who had lived in the country for decades.
(AFP, 7/23/12)(AP, 7/24/12)
2012 Jul 23, China’s
State-controlled CNOOC Ltd launched a takeover bids by agreeing to
buy Canadian oil producer Nexen Inc for $15.1 billion, forcing
Ottawa to decide whether national security concerns outweigh its
desire for foreign investment in its energy resources.
2012 Jul 23, Egypt began to
release detainees held by the military following a decree last week
by President Mohamed Morsi.
2012 Jul 23, Egypt's ambassador
to the West Bank Yasser Othman said transiting Palestinians can
enter Egypt for 72 hours to arrange their own travel. A Palestinian
official in Cairo said more easing of restrictions are being
2012 Jul 23, The European Union
said it was ready to back the deployment of an African stabilization
force under UN mandate in Mali, and threatened sanctions against
those posing a threat to democratic change.
2012 Jul 23, The European Union
promised to lift most of the sanctions slapped against Zimbabwe a
decade ago if the country holds a "credible" vote on a new
2012 Jul 23, In Haiti 4
squatters were shot to death as police and other officials forced
them to vacate a woodland in La Visite National Park. Haiti was down
to about 2% of its original forest cover.
(SFC, 8/31/12, p.A4)
2012 Jul 23, India police said
about 25,000 villagers have fled their homes in Assam state during
clashes between Bodo tribal groups and Muslim settlers in which 15
people have been killed. Police issued shoot-on-sight orders in an
attempt to quell ethnic violence in Assam state, after rioters burnt
shops and houses and attacked rival gangs.
(AFP, 7/23/12)(AFP, 7/24/12)
2012 Jul 23, In India Lakshmi
Sehgal (b.1914), a top Indian female revolutionary, died following a
heart attack. She had fought Allied forces during World War II.
(AFP, 7/23/12)(Econ, 8/4/12, p.82)
2012 Jul 23, Iran’s
semiofficial ISNA news agency reported that people had poured into
the streets of Nishabur to protest a steep hike in the price of
(SFC, 7/24/12, p.A2)
2012 Jul 23, In Iraq bombings
and shootings killed 115 people in the deadliest day this year. 29
coordinated attacks in 19 cities sent a chilling warning that
al-Qaida is slowly resurging in the security vacuum created by a
weak government in Baghdad and the departure of the US military
seven months ago.
(AP, 7/23/12)(AFP, 7/24/12)(AP, 7/26/12)(AFP,
2012 Jul 23, Liberia's
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf signed the Table Mountain
Declaration, a pledge drawn up by global media rights bodies to
boost press freedom and stop the criminal prosecution of
journalists. the declaration was adopted by the World Association of
Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA) in Cape Town, South Africa
in 2007. She became only the second African leader after Niger
President Mahamadou Issoufou, to sign the declaration.
2012 Jul 23, In central Nigeria
heavy rainfall overnight forced a dam to overflow, causing flooding
that left at least 35 people dead and destroyed or damaged some 200
2012 Jul 23, In northwest
Pakistan US drones fired missiles at a compound of militant
commander Sadiq Noor killing 10 suspected insurgents.
(SFC, 7/24/12, p.A2)(AFP, 7/29/12)
2012 Jul 23, Spain's market
regulator says it has temporarily banned short-selling of shares on
its stock indexes owing to volatility in Spanish and European
markets. It noted that Italy took similar steps today.
2012 Jul 23, Sudan turned down
South Sudan's proposal of a higher oil transit fee and an $8.2
billion financial deal, ruling out any comprehensive settlement of
outstanding issues by the August 2 deadline.
2012 Jul 23, The Syrian regime
threatened to use its chemical and biological weapons in case of a
foreign attack, in its first ever acknowledgement that it possesses
weapons of mass destruction. The Arab League offered Syrian
President Bashar Assad and his family a "safe exit" if he steps
down. EU foreign ministers began talks in Brussels with an agreement
to freeze the assets of 26 Syrians and three firms close to the
Assad regime in the 17th round of sanctions since protests erupted
(AP, 7/23/12)(AFP, 7/23/12)
2012 Jul 23, The WWF
conservation group ranked Vietnam the worst country for wildlife
crime in its first-ever report on how well 23 Asian and African
countries protect rhinos, tigers and elephants.
2013 Jul 23, In Afghanistan 3
US and 4 Afghan soldiers were killed after an insurgent riding a
donkey detonated a bomb in Wardak province.
(SFC, 7/24/13, p.A2)
2013 Jul 23, The US Navy
offered Australia any help it wanted to retrieve four bombs,
mistakenly dropped on July 16 inside the World Heritage-listed Great
Barrier Reef marine park.
(Reuters, 7/23/13)(SFC, 7/23/13, p.A2)
2013 Jul 23, A Cameroon court
found two men guilty under the country's harsh law banning gay sex,
continuing a string of recent convictions that has drawn
2013 Jul 23, In China a man who
was told by officials they couldn't register his fourth child
because he didn't pay a penalty for breaking family planning laws
stabbed to death 2 government workers and injured 4 others.
2013 Jul 23, In Egypt 6 people
were killed in Cairo in clashes between opponents and Islamist
supporters of deposed Pres. Morsi.
2013 Jul 23, Greek shipowner
Victor Restis was arrested on charges of money laundering and
embezzlement, becoming one of just a few prominent businessmen to be
detained by police since Greece sank into crisis.
2013 Jul 23, A boat sank off
the southern coast of Indonesia. At least 15 people died. 189 of an
estimated 204 suspected asylum seekers were rescued. Most were from
Iraq, Iran and Sri Lanka.
(Reuters, 7/24/13)(SFC, 7/27/13, p.A2)
2013 Jul 23, An Iraqi
government spokesman said Baghdad has signed a 4-year deal with Iran
to import natural gas for power generation, further intertwining the
economies of the two Shiite-dominated countries. Police found the
bodies of 4 off-duty policemen on a road with bullet wounds in their
(AP, 7/23/13)(AP, 7/24/13)
2013 Jul 23, Madagascar police
arrested an opposition leader on charges of holding an illegal
rally, compounding the island nation's political crisis.
2013 Jul 23, In Mexico violent
clashes between armed gangs and security forces killed 22 people,
marking a surge in violence in Michoacan state, where President
Enrique Pena Nieto is testing a new security strategy.
2013 Jul 23, Myanmar said it is
releasing another 73 political prisoners and more could be freed in
coming months to honor a commitment made by the president during a
recent trip to Europe.
2013 Jul 23, Dutch judges
blocked the extradition of a terror suspect, identified as Sabir K.,
to the United States, saying he was tortured in Pakistan after his
2010 arrest and it is unclear whether American authorities had any
involvement. US authorities have accused him of working with
al-Qaida from 2004 to 2010, and of plotting a suicide attack on an
American military base in Afghanistan.
2013 Jul 23, Oman's Sultan
Qaboos pardoned activists jailed for taking part in anti-government
protests two years ago, his latest gesture to citizens worried about
unemployment and inadequate pay.
2013 Jul 23, A Serbian court
freed retail tycoon Miroslav Miskovic, accused of fraud and tax
evasion, after he posted a record 12 million euro ($16 million) bail
pending his trial.
2013 Jul 23, South Sudan media
said President Salva Kiir has sacked his cabinet, the deputy
president and suspended his top negotiator at talks to defuse
tensions with Sudan.
2013 Jul 23, Spanish police
arrested 25 members of the Hells Angels motorcycle gang on the
Mediterranean resort island of Mallorca. Police said they were
wanted for suspected drug trafficking, trafficking in human beings,
extortion, money laundering and corruption.
2013 Jul 23, In Syria more than
150 soldiers were killed over the last two days in and around the
town of Khan al-Assal. Reports said this this included 51 soldiers
and officers who were executed.
2013 Jul 23, In Thailand a
double-decker passenger bus caught fire after colliding with a truck
on the Mitraphab highway in Kaeng Khoi district, killing 19 people
and injuring 23.
2013 Jul 23, A Turkish border
patrol killed one of eight civilians trying to cross illegally from
Turkey into Syria. The group had been trying to cross from Hatay
province into northwestern Syria and had fired on the Turkish patrol
after the troops had whistled a warning.
2013 Jul 23, Yemen's president
pardoned journalist Abdelela Shayie, who was jailed for three years
on charges of helping al-Qaida and US born militant cleric Anwar