Today in History - July 24

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1148        Jul 24, Crusaders, led by Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany, attacked Damascus. It was a dismal failure and effectively ended the 2nd Crusade.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Crusade)(V.D.-H.K.p.109)(ON, 6/12, p.5)

1380        Jul 24, Giovanni da Capistrano, Italian monk, was born. He liberated Belgrade from the Turks and was later canonized a saint as San Juan de Capistrano. His name was applied to the southern California mission, best known for its annual convocation of swallows.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1505        Jul 24, On their way to India, a group of Portuguese explorers sacked the city-state of Kilwa, East Africa, and killed the king for failing to pay tribute.
    (HN, 7/24/98)

1534        Jul 24, Jacques Cartier landed in Canada and claimed it for France. Jacques Cartier while probing for a northern route to Asia visited Labrador and said: "Fit only for wild beasts... This must be the land God gave to Cain." [see May 10]
    (NG, V184, No. 4, 10/1993, p. 4)(MC, 7/24/02)

1554        Jul 24, Queen Mary of England married Philip II, king of Spain and the Catholic son of Emp. Charles V.
    (TL-MB, 1988, p.18)(ON, 5/00, p.5)(MC, 7/24/02)

1567        Jul 24, Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned and forced to abdicate her throne to her 1-year-old son James VI.
    (HN, 7/24/98)

1673        Jul 24, Edmund Halley entered Queen's College, Oxford, as an undergraduate.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1683        Jul 24, The 1st settlers from Germany to US left aboard the ship Concord.
    (www.ulib.iupui.edu/kade/germantown.html)

1686        Jul 24, Benedetto Marcello, composer, was born. [see Aug 1]
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1701        Jul 24, Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac established Fort Ponchartrain for France on the future site of the city of Detroit, Michigan, in an attempt to halt the advance of the English into the western Great Lakes region.
    (HN, 7/24/98)

1704        Jul 24, Admiral George Rooke took Gibraltar from the Spanish.
    (HN, 7/24/98)

1739        Jul 24, Benedetto Marcello, composer, died on 53rd birthday.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1749        Jul 24, Denis Diderot was arrested in Paris during a government crackdown on writers and publishers of subversive books. He was released Nov 3 to continued his work on the Encyclopedie.
    (ON, 4/05, p.8)

1758        Jul 24, George Washington was admitted to Virginia House of Burgesses.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1759        Jul 24, Victor Emmanuel I, King of Sardinia (1802-21), was born.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1763        Jul 24, Ottawa Chief Pontiac led an uprising in the wild, distant lands that would one day become Michigan, Ohio and Pennsylvania.
    (HN, 7/24/98)

1766        Jul 24, At Fort Ontario, Canada, Ottawa chief Pontiac and William Johnson signed a peace agreement.
    (HN, 7/24/98)

1779        Jul 24, The Siege of Gibraltar by the Spanish and French was begun. British Gen. George Eliott led the 5,000 man Gibraltar garrison. The siege was finally lifted on Feb 7, 1783. In 1965 T.H. McGuffie authored "The Siege of Gibraltar, 1779-1783).
    (HN, 2/7/99)(ON, 7/01, p.8)

1783        Jul 24, Simon Bolivar (1783-1830), was born in Caracas, Venezuela. He  was a soldier and statesmen who led armies of liberation throughout much of South America, including Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Peru and Bolivia, which took its name from Bolivar. Bolivar, called "the Liberator," was a leader in Venezuela for struggles of national independence in South America. He formed a Gran Colombia that lasted 8 years but broke apart into Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador. Bolivar died of tuberculosis.
    (AHD, p.148)(SFC, 6/14/97, p.E3)(AP, 7/24/97)(HNQ, 3/30/00)
1783        Jul 24, Georgia became a protectorate of tsarist Russia.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1786        Jul 24, Jean-Louis Nicollet, French explorer, was born.
    (HN, 7/24/02)

1791        Jul 24, Robespierre expelled all Jacobins opposed to the principles of the French Revolution.
    (HN, 7/24/98)

1793        Jul 24, France passed the 1st copyright law.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1802        Jul 24, Alexandre Dumas (d.1870), French novelist and dramatist who wrote "The Count of Monte Cristo" and "The Three Musketeers," was born. Alexandre Dumas, pere, French author of romantic plays and novels. He wrote "The Man in the Iron Mask." He was the father of Alexandre Dumas fils (1824-1895), French author of plays of social realism.
    (HFA, '96, p.34)(AHD, 1971, p.403)(WUD, 1994, p.441)(HN, 7/24/98)

1831        Jul 24, Maria Agata Szymanowska (41), composer, died.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1847        Jul 24, Mormon leader Brigham Young and his followers, the first members of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons), arrived in the valley of the Great Salt Lake in present-day Utah.
    (AP, 7/24/97)(HN, 7/24/98)

1858        Jul 24, During the Illinois senatorial campaign Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln challenged Democrat Steven Douglas to a series of joint debates, which covered the slavery controversy and its impact on the nation. The debates illuminated the positions of Lincoln and Douglas on slavery, which Lincoln regarded as "a moral, a social and a political wrong," while Douglas evaded the moral issue. Even though Lincoln narrowly won the popular vote, Douglas prevailed in the state legislature 54-41 and thus the election. The debates propelled Lincoln to national prominence.
    (HNPD, 9/4/99)(AP, 7/24/08)

1862        Jul 24, Union fleets abandoned their attack on Vicksburg, Miss.
    (ON, 10/02, p.12)
1862        Jul 24, Martin Van Buren (79), the eighth president of the United States, died in Kinderhook, N.Y.
    (AP, 7/24/97)(HN, 7/24/98)

1863        Jul 24, Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1864        Jul 24, In the Battle of Winchester, VA, casualties numbered US1200 and CS600.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1866        Jul 24, Tennessee became the first state to be readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.
    (AP, 7/24/97)

1870        Jul 24, The 1st trans-US rail service began.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1883        Jul 24, Matthew Webb (b.1848), the 1st person to swim the English Channel (1875), drowned while trying to swim across the Niagara River just below the falls.
    (ON, 2/05, p.12)(www.telfordlife.com/Capt%20Webb.htm)

1895        Jul 24, Robert Graves (d.1985), British poet and novelist (Goodbye to All That, I Claudius), was born. "There's no money in poetry, but then there's no poetry in money either."
    (AP, 4/8/99)(HN, 7/24/02)(Econ, 8/17/13, p.71)

1897        Jul 24, Amelia Earhart was born in Kansas. She was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic and disappeared in the South Pacific while trying to fly around the world. Her sister Muriel (d.1998 at 98) wrote a biography of Amelia titled: "Courage Is the Price."
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelia_Earhart)(SFC, 3/6/98, p.E2)(HN, 7/24/02)
1897        Jul 24, African-American soldiers of the 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps arrived in St. Louis,  Mo., after completing a 40-day bike ride from Missoula, Montana.
    (HN, 7/24/99)

1900        Jul 24, Zelda Sayre, writer (Save me the Waltz) was born.
    (HN, 7/24/02)

1911        Jul 24, Hiram Bingham, American explorer, was led by local guides to a Lost City of the Incas. He explored several Inca ruins and the mountaintop citadel of Machu Pichu. He was in search of the lost city of Vilcabamba, the Inca’s legendary last refuge from the invading Spaniards. Bingham was an archeologist from Yale and later served as a Connecticut governor and US senator. In 1948 Bingham authored “Lost City of the Incas."
    (NG, Oct. 1988, p. 543)(SFC, 5/13/98, p.C4)(www.tambotours.com/binghamtrek.html)(WSJ, 11/1/08, p.W18)

1915        Jul 24, Excursion ship Eastland capsized in Lake Michigan and 852 die.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1916        Jul 24, John D. MacDonald, author was born.
    (HN, 7/24/02)

1917        Jul 24, The sailing vessel R.P. Rithet caught fire and burned at sea. Captain Knut Lindberg (1865-1935) and crew took to a lifeboat and sailed nearly 1000 miles to Port Allen, Kauai, Hawaii. All 14 men and officers survived. The 1080 ton steel bark was built at Port Glasgow in 1892 for C. Brewer & Co. Matson bought it in 1908 and installed auxiliary diesel engines c. 1916.
    (SSFC, 10/17/10, DB p.46)(www.usmm.org/matson.html)

1919        Jul 24, A race riot in Washington, DC, left 6 killed and 100 wounded.
    (MC, 7/24/02)
1919        Jul 24, LaVerne Noyes (b.1849), American inventor, died. His inventions included the akromotor, a device that converted wind to electricity, and a dictionary holder.
    (http://eos.lib.uchicago.edu/e/spcl/excat/donors2.html#d)

1920        Jul 24, Bella Abzug, the first Jewish woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, was born.
    (HN, 7/24/98)

1923        Jul 24, The Treaty of Lausanne, which settled the boundaries of modern Greece and Turkey, was concluded in Switzerland. It replaced the Treaty of Sevres and divided the lands inhabited by the Kurds between Turkey, Iraq and Syria. Article 39 allowed Turkish nationals to use any language they wished in commerce, public and private meetings, and publications. The treaty specifically protected the rights of the Armenian, Greek and Jewish communities. The former provinces of Baghdad, Basra and Mosul were lumped together to form Iraq. Both countries agreed to a massive exchange of religious minorities. Christians were deported from Turkey to Greece and Muslims from Greece to Turkey. In 2006 Bruce Clark authored “Twice a Stranger: The Mass Expulsions that Forged Modern Greece and Turkey."
    (WSJ, 3/20/97, p.A17)(AP, 7/24/97)(SSFC, 12/22/02, p.A14)(Econ, 3/19/05, Survey p.9)(Econ, 10/14/06, p.50)(Econ, 12/9/06, p.92)

1924        Jul 24, Palmer Cox (b.1840), Canadian artist and writer, died. He wrote and illustrated children’s stories about brownies, little elves from Scottish folklore. 2 dozen of his stories were collected and published in 1887 as “The Brownies: Their Book." His characters inspired the name for a Kodak camera and for young girl scouts.
    (SFC, 10/19/05, p.G2)(http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/biography/cox_p/cox_p.html)

1927        Jul 24, In Ypres, Belgium, the Menin Gate was unveiled. it built to honor the soldiers who died at the Ypres Salient front during WWI. The gate is inscribed with the names of 54,896 soldiers who died but have no graves.
    (SSFC, 11/7/10, p.M2)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menin_Gate)

1929        Jul 24, President Hoover proclaimed the Kellogg-Briand Pact, which renounced war as an instrument of foreign policy.
    (AP, 7/24/97)

1935        Jul 24, Pat Oliphant, political cartoonist, was born.
    (MC, 7/24/02)
1935        Jul 24, Mel Ramos, pop artist, was born in Sacramento, Ca.
    (www.rogallery.com/ramos_mel/ramos_biography.htm)

1937        Jul 24, The state of Alabama dropped charges against 4 black men accused of raping two white women in the so-called Scottsboro case.
    (AP, 7/24/97)(www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTrials/scottsboro/SB_chron.html)

1938        Jul 24, Instant coffee was invented. Nestle came up with the first instant coffee after 8 years of experiments.
    (SFEC, 2/7/99, Z1 p.8)(MC, 7/24/02)

1941        Jul 24, The U.S. government denounced Japanese actions in Indochina.
    (HN, 7/24/98)
1941        Jul 24, Nazis massacred the entire Jewish population of Grodz, Lithuania.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1942        Jul 24, The Soviet city of Rostov was captured by German troops.
    (HN, 7/24/98)

1943        Jul 24, The U.S. submarine Tinosa fired 15 torpedoes at a lone Japanese merchant ship, but none detonated.
    (HN, 7/24/98)
1943        Jul 24-1943-Aug 2, The RAF and American planes bombed Hamburg. Firestorms from the bombing left at least 40,000 dead in the 1st 3 days. American B-17 Fortresses flew 252 daylight sorties in the two days following the first of 4 RAF night raids. Sir Arthur Harris directed 4 major raids against Hamburg in the space of ten nights, known as “Operation Gomorrah."
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWhamburg.htm)

1944        Jul 24, Soviet forces liberated the Majdanek concentration camp.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1945        Jul 24, U.S. Navy bombers sank the Japanese battleship-carrier Hyuga in shallow waters off Kure, Japan.
    (HN, 7/24/00)

1948        Jul 24, Henry A. Wallace accepted the presidential nomination of the Progressive Party in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 7/24/08)

1950        Jul 24, The U.S. Fifth Air Force relocated from Japan to Korea.
    (HN, 7/24/98)
1950        Jul 24, Robert W. Lehnhoff, [Executioner of Groningen], SS Führer, was executed.
    (www.homestead.com/andakerkhoven/Story6.html)

1951        Jul 24, Dr. Albert C. Barnes, eccentric collector of impressionist art, died in an automobile crash. [see 1925 Barnes] His will specified that his art collection be kept forever in Lower Merion Township, Pa. In 2004 a judge allowed trustees to move the collection to Philadelphia.
    (WSJ, 11/28/95, p.A-12)(SFC, 12/15/04, p.E5)(www.barnesfoundation.org/h_bio.html)

1952        Jul 24, President Truman announced a settlement in a 53-day steel strike.
    (AP, 7/24/02)
1952        Jul 24, Pres. Truman commuted Oscar Collazo’s death sentence to life imprisonment. On the same day he signed an act enlarging the self-government of Puerto Rico. [See Nov 1, 1950]
    (AP, 11/1/97)(HN, 11/1/98)(HNQ, 1/24/02)
1952        Jul 24, In Iraq-Jordan a disgusted military overthrew the corrupt government of King Farouk.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1956        Jul 24, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis performed for the last time at the Copacabana Club in NYC after a decade together as the country's most popular comedy team.
    (SSFC, 10/23/05, Par p.5)
1956        Jul 24, Brendan Behan's "Quare Fellow," premiered in London.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1958        Jul 24, Jack Kilby (1923-2005) of Texas Instruments came up with the idea for creating the 1st integrated circuit on a piece of silicon. By September 12 he made a working prototype.
    (SFC, 10/11/00, p.A6)(SFC, 6/22/05, p.A5)(Econ, 7/25/05, p.75)

1959        Jul 24, During a visit to the Soviet Union, VP Richard M. Nixon got into a "kitchen debate" with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev at a US exhibition. Nixon correctly said that the $100-a-month mortgage for the model ranch house was well within the reach of a typical American steelworker.
    (AP, 7/24/97)(Econ, 5/26/07, p.33)

1961        Jul 24, Roger Maris hit 4 home runs in a doubleheader.
    (MC, 7/24/02)
1961        Jul 24, A US commercial plane was hijacked to Cuba and began a trend.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1964        Jul 24-27, A race riot took place in Rochester, New York, and 4 people were killed.
    (MC, 7/24/02)

1966        Jul 24, Oakland-born golfer Tony Lema (32), while flying with his wife Betty to an exhibition match in Chicago, Illinois, crashed on the seventh hole of a golf course in Lansing, Illinois, after their chartered twin-engine Beechcraft Bonanza ran out of fuel. All four people on board were killed.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Lema)

1967        Jul 24, Race riots took place in Cambridge, Maryland.
    (MC, 7/24/02)
1967        Jul 24, Race riots in Detroit forced the postponement of a Tigers-Orioles baseball game. [see Jul 23-30]
    (MC, 7/24/02)
1967        Jul 24, French President Charles de Gaulle stirred controversy during a visit to Montreal, Canada, when he declared, ''Vive le Quebec libre!'' (Long live free Quebec!).
    (AP, 7/24/07)

1969        Jul 24, The Apollo XI astronauts, two of whom had been the first men to set foot on the moon, splashed down safely in the Pacific.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.182, 341)(AP, 7/24/97)
1969        Jul 24, Petroleos del Peru (PETROPERU S.A.) was created (law No.17753) as a state-owned entity.
    (http://tinyurl.com/554vke)

1970        Jul 24, Pres. Nixon signed the Failing Newspaper Act (Newspaper Preservation Act) allowing papers in the same market to cut costs by merging some of their operations.
    (SFC, 10/21/09, p.D5)(www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-25372134_ITM)
1970        Jul 24, Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp.), a stockholder-owned corporation, was chartered by Congress to keep money flowing to mortgage lenders in support of homeownership and rental housing. Preston Martin (1923-2007) helped spearhead its creation. It was listed as a public company in 1989.
    (WSJ, 6/2/07, p.A5)(www.freddiemac.com/investors/faq.html)(Econ, 7/19/08, p.80)
1970        Jul 24, Robert B. Choate (d.2009 at 84), an engineer turned consumer advocate, testified on nutrition information for consumers at a Senate subcommittee hearing and used data supplied by cereal manufacturers. He ranked 60 cereals, including Sugar Smacks, Froot Loops, and Lucky charms, by their nutritive value, showing that 40 products offered such poor nourishment that they were essentially “empty calories."
    (SFC, 5/22/09, p.B6)(http://tinyurl.com/qy7rgb)
1970        Jul 24, In Laos Capt. Donald Bloodworth and his pilot were lost on a night reconnaissance mission in a F-4D fighter-bomber. Bloodworth’s remains were returned to the US in 1998.
    (SFEC, 2/1/98, p.A14)

1971        Jul 24, The White House Plumbers unit formed to stop the leaking (hence "plumbers") of classified information to the news media during the Nixon administration.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_House_Plumbers)
1971        Jul 24, The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works was promulgated in Paris. It was first accepted in Berne in 1886 at the instigation of Victor Hugo.
    (www.ifla.org.sg/documents/infopol/copyright/ucc.txt)(PNI, 2/5/97, p.4)

1972        Jul 24, Bhutan’s King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck died while on safari in Kenya. His son Jigme Druk Gyalpo Jigme Singye Wangchuck (b.1955), the 4th of his dynasty, became king.
    (WSJ, 3/6/97, p.A1)(SFEC, 2/23/96, p.T5)(SSFC, 3/17/02, p.C10)

1973        Jul 24, Testifying before the Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities (the Ervin Committee), John Ehrlichman, aide to President Richard Nixon,  asserted that the burglary of anti-war activist Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist's office was within the constitutional powers of the president. The televised committee hearings exposed a wide range of activities, including a secret White House program of harassment and IRS audits of political enemies, burglaries, wiretaps, forging of State Department documents, a secret fund to finance spying and sabotage of Democratic Party primary campaigns and more that culminated in the House vote for impeachment and the Nixon's resignation on August 9, 1974.
    (HNQ, 10/9/98)(www.watergate.info/chronology/1973.shtml)

1974        Jul 24, The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Nixon had to turn over subpoenaed White House tape recordings to the Watergate special prosecutor.
    (AP, 7/24/97)(HN, 7/24/98)

1975        Jul 24, An "Apollo" spacecraft splashed down in the Pacific, completing a mission which included the first-ever docking with a "Soyuz" capsule from the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 7/24/00)

1978        Jul 24, The Beatles’ animated film "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" premiered in the US.
    (www.imdb.com/title/tt0078239/)
1978        Jul 24, Chile’s Air Force Gen'l. Gustavo Leigh Guzman was demoted. He was the first junta member to urge the restoration of civilian rule.
    (SFC, 9/30/99, p.A31)(www.chipsites.com/derechos/1978_eng.html)

1980        Jul 24, Peter Sellers (b.1925), British actor, died in London of a heart attack. His films included the Pink Panther series, “The Mouse that Roared" (1959) and “Dr. Strangelove, or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb" (1964).
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Sellers)

1982        Jul 24, Anna Paquin, Oscar winning actress (Piano), was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna_Paquin)

1983        Jul 24, In Sri Lanka island-wide anti-Tamil riots broke out in retaliation for the deaths of soldiers the day before and some 400 people died. This marked the beginning of the civil war.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(WSJ, 6/29/95, p.A-1)

1984        Jul 24, In American Fort, Utah, Ron and Dan Lafferty stabbed to death their sister-in-law, Brenda Lafferty, and her daughter Erica, aged 15 months. In 2003 Jon Krakauer authored "Under the Banner of Heaven," an account of the murder and the Mormon background of the Laffertys.
    (WSJ, 7/11/03, p.W15)

1986        Jul 24, Jerry A. Whitworth (47), retired US Navy warrant officer, was convicted in SF for his role in a Soviet spy ring. The government called it the most damaging espionage case since World War II. On August 28 Whitworth was given a 365-year sentence and ordered to pay $410,000.
    (http://tinyurl.com/5r9fq8)(AP, 8/28/06)

1987        Jul 24, The re-flagged Kuwaiti supertanker Bridgeton was damaged after hitting a mine in the Persian Gulf.
    (AP, 7/24/97)
1987        Jul 24,    Hulda Crooks, a 91-year-old mountaineer from California, became the oldest woman to conquer Mount Fuji, Japan's highest peak.
    (AP, 7/24/97)
1987        Jul 24, Tamil Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran arrived in India to sign a peace agreement with the Sri Lankan government. Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi brokered the agreement with Sri Lanka delivering autonomy to Tamil areas in exchange for an end to the war. The peace agreement was signed by Junius Richard Jayewardene, president of Sri Lanka.
    (SFC, 7/24/96, p.A9)(SFE, 9/16/96, p.A9)(SFC, 11/2/96, p.A21)

1988        Jul 24, On the campaign trail, Republican George Bush heard chants of "ERA," a reference to the proposed Equal Rights Amendment, from members of a professional women's group in Albuquerque, N.M. Democratic nominee Michael Dukakis was heckled by anti-abortion protesters in St. Louis.
    (AP, 7/24/98)

1989        Jul 24, President Bush said he was "aggrieved" about allegations that veteran U.S. diplomat Felix S. Bloch might have spied for the Soviet Union.
    (AP, 7/24/99)
1989        Jul 24, Japan’s PM Sousuke Uno (1922-1998) resigned in the wake of Japan's ruling party's defeat. Uno resigned amid a scandal involving his geisha mistress. Criticism focused on allegations that he treated her in a miserly fashion.
    (http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1989-7/1989-07-24-ABC-11.html)(SFC, 8/20/96, p.A18)

1990        Jul 24, Iraq, accusing Kuwait of conspiring to harm its economy through oil overproduction, massed tens of thousands of troops and hundreds of tanks along the Iraqi-Kuwaiti border. US warships in Persian Gulf were placed on alert.
    (AP, 7/24/00)

1991        Jul 24,  Isaac Bashevis Singer (87), Nobel Prize-winning author (1978), died in Miami. In 2006 Florence Noiville authored “Isaac B. Singer: A Life."
    (AP, 7/24/01)(SSFC, 10/8/06, p.G6)
1991        Jul 24, India’s finance minister Manmohan Singh presented a budget to parliament. Singh said “the room for maneuver, to live on borrowed money or time, does not exist anymore." His speech marked India’s entry into global capitalism. The budget was in response to a balance of payments crisis.
    (Econ, 7/23/11, p.10, 59)(Econ., 2/21/15, p.11)
1991        Jul 24, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev announced a final agreement on a treaty designed to preserve the Soviet federation while giving more power to the republics.
    (AP, 7/24/01)

1992        Jul 24, Members of POW-MIA families disrupted a speech by President Bush, prompting Bush to snap, "Would you please shut up and sit down?"
    (AP, 7/24/97)
1992        Jul 24, In Bosnia Serb prison guards at the former ceramics factory of Keraterm fired machine guns through metal doors of "Room 3" where over 200 prisoners were trapped. The carnage continued for hours. In 2001 Dusko Sikirica (camp commander), Dragan Kolundzija and Damir Dosen were tried at the Hague for their roles in the slaughter. Sikirica was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Dosen and Kolundzija received 5 and 3 year sentences.
    (SFC, 3/20/01, p.A11)(SFC, 11/14/01, p.A19)

1993        Jul 24, US House Ways and Means Chairman Dan Rostenkowski denied allegations he'd received embezzled funds, saying he had engaged in "no illegal or unethical conduct."
    (AP, 7/24/98)
1993        Jul 24, The Russian government announced it would invalidate billions of pre-1993 rubles.
    (AP, 7/24/98)

1994        Jul 24, Miguel Indurain won his fourth consecutive Tour de France victory.
    (AP, 7/24/99)
1994        Jul 24, S.F. Bailey walked from the village of Mokwam in the Arfak Mountains of the Vogelkop (Bird’s Head) Peninsula in Irian Jaya, Indonesia, to observe the courtship performance of Bower bird number 4, Amblyornis inornatus.
    (PacDisc. Spring/’96, p.41)
1994        Jul 24, Rwandan refugees began trickling home after Zaire reopened the border between the two countries; meanwhile, the first wave of a U.S. airlift arrived.
    (AP, 7/24/99)

1995        Jul 24, A Palestinian suicide bomber blew up a crowded commuter bus in Tel Aviv and killed six Israelis and wounded 28. Hamas took responsibility.
    (WSJ, 3/6/96, p. A-15)(G&M, 7/31/97, p.A8)(AP, 7/24/00)

1996        Jul 24, Two bombs blamed on Tamil separatists ripped through a commuter train near Colombo, Sri Lanka, killing 64 civilians and wounding more than 400.
    (WSJ, 7/25/96, p.A1)(AP, 7/24/97)
1996        Jul 24, it was reported that 3 prisoners in Turkey have died during a hunger strike by 1,900 inmates in 33 prisons. The protests were for government transfers of prisoners to remote locations and cancellation of visiting rights for political prisoners.
    (WSJ, 7/25/96, p.A1)

1997        Jul 24, Pres. Clinton held a White House symposium on global warming.
    (WSJ, 7/25/97, p.A1)
1997        Jul 24, William J. Brennan (91), retired Supreme Court Justice (1956-1990), died in Arlington, Va.
    (AP, 7/24/98)(www.oyez.org/oyez/resource/legal_entity/90/)
1997        Jul 24, A Dallas jury awarded $120 million in damages against the local Roman Catholic diocese that ignored evidence that the priest, Rudolph Kos, sexually abused a number of altar boys from 1977-1992. Kos was suspended in 1992. Kos pleaded guilty to 3 sex abuse charges in 1998.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A1)(SFC, 3/25/98, p.A3)
1997        Jul 24, In Albania a 5-month long curfew was lifted and Rexhep Mejdani, the secretary-general of the Socialist Party and former physics professor, was elected President by the Parliament. Since Jan. some 1,800 killings had occurred.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A11)
1997        Jul 24, From Algeria it was reported that security forces killed Antar Zouabri (26), the chief of the Armed Islamic Group.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A11)
1997        Jul 24, Britain proposed to the Scots the power to legislate, tax and speak for themselves in the European Union.
    (SFC, 7/25/97, p.A10)

1998        Jul 24, A gunman burst past a metal detector at the US Capital and killed 2 policemen, officers Jacob Chestnut and John Gibson, and wounded a visitor. Russell Eugene Weston Jr. (41) was captured after being shot.
    (SFC, 7/25/98, p.A1)
1998        Jul 24, The motion picture "Saving Private Ryan," starring Tom Hanks and directed by Steven Spielberg, was released.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
1998        Jul 24, A report on the West Antarctic Ice Sheet in Science said that changes have been detected by satellite that might indicate a future collapse.
    (SFEC, 8/2/98,  p.A4)
1998        Jul 24, Keizo Obuchi, Japan’s foreign minister, won the ruling party nomination for prime minister.
    (SFC, 7/24/98, p.A14)

1999        Jul 24, President Clinton attacked the Republicans’ $792 billion tax-cut plan in fund-raising speeches and his weekly radio address, saying it would "imperil the future stability of the country." House Majority Leader Dick Armey replied that the GOP plan would help fix an unfair tax system.
    (AP, 7/24/00)
1999        Jul 24, In China the government arrested some 1,200 government officials accused of associating with the Falun Gong.
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A8)
1999        Jul 24, Shoukry Ayyad, Egyptian poetry critic, died at age 78. His 20 books on Arabic poetry, language and theater included "The Hero in Literature and Fables," "Music of Poetry," and Language and Creativity."
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A17)
1999        Jul 24, In Indonesia troops killed as many as 41 people during a raid on a rebel base in Beutong village in Aceh province. Separatist leader Teungku Bantaqiah was among the dead. A Jakarta inquiry in Oct. found that troops killed 54 civilians, not rebels, in Aceh. 56 students and a teacher from an Islamic boarding school in Beutong Ateuh village were executed. In 2000 24 soldiers and a civilian were convicted for the June murders.
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A10)(WSJ, 11/1/99, p.A1)(SFC, 5/18/00, p.A14)

2000        Jul 24, President Clinton continued to mediate the Camp David Mideast summit, meeting with Israeli, Palestinian and US negotiators.
    (AP, 7/24/01)
2000        Jul 24, Georgia’s Democratic Governor Zell Miller was appointed to the late Republican Paul Coverdell’s Senate seat. In 2003 Miler authored "A National Party No More."
    (AP, 7/24/01)(WSJ, 11/4/03, p.D8)
2000        Jul 24, In Minneapolis, Minn., 80 people were arrested as demonstrators protested against a meeting of the Int’l. Society for Animal Genetics.
    (SFC, 7/25/00, p.A4)
2000        Jul 24, Myanmar university students returned to classes nearly 3.5 years after the military shut down schools due to antigovernment protests. Loyalty pledges to the government were required and political activity was barred.
    (WSJ, 7/25/00, p.A1)(SFC, 8/23/00, p.A12)
2000        Jul 24, Michael Stone, a pro-British paramilitary member, was freed from prison as part of Northern Ireland’s 1998 peace accord after serving eleven years of a life sentence for murder.
    (AP, 7/24/01)
2000        Jul 24, Philippine Pres. Joseph Estrada arrived in SF for his 1st official visit to the US.
    (SFC, 7/24/00, p.A1)
2000        Jul 24, A New Zealand soldier was killed during a clash with opponents for independence, the 1st UN peacekeeper killed in East Timor.
    (SFC, 7/25/00, p.A14)

2001        Jul 24, Larry Silverstein signed a $3.2 billion, 99-year lease for the  NYC World Trade Center (WTC).
    (WSJ, 4/30/04, p.A11)
2001        Jul 24, Victor Arimondi (b.1942), professional model a fashion photographer, died of AIDS in SF.
    (SFC, 12/12/09, p.E4)(http://tinyurl.com/ybqcums)
2001        Jul 24, A Chinese court sentenced two US residents to 10 years in prison on charges of spying for Taiwan. China released Gao Zhan and Qin Guangguang two days later.
    (SFC, 7/25/01, p.A1)(AP, 7/24/02)
2001        Jul 24, In Indonesia Megawati Sukarnoputri began her presidency while Wahid refused to leave the presidential palace.
    (WSJ, 7/25/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 24, The Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU) was founded by former Pres. Lee Teng-hui. It actively campaigned for the creation of a de jure Republic of Taiwan. The party prided itself on being the first to include "Taiwan" in its name.
    (Econ, 7/9/11, p.42)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwan_Solidarity_Union)

2002        Jul 24, The US House voted 420-1 to oust Rep. James Traficant, an Ohio Democrat. On  July 30 Traficant was sentenced to 8 years in prison for bribery and racketeering.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A1)(SFC, 7/31/02, p.A4)(SFC, 9/2/09, p.A6)
2002        Jul 24, John Rigas (78), CEO of Adelphia Comm. Corp., was arrested with his 2 sons on charges of that they looted the company of more than $1 billion.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 24, The DJIA rose 488 to 8,191 and Nasdaq rose 61 to 1,290.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 24, In Pennsylvania 9 coal miners were trapped by a flood 240 feet underground. All 9 were rescued Jul 27.
    (WSJ, 7/26/02, p.A1)(SSFC, 7/28/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 24, In Houston, Texas, Clara Harris ran over her cheating husband with her Mercedes after catching him with his mistress. Harris (45) was convicted of murder Feb 13, 2003.
    (SFC, 2/15/03, p.A5)
2002        Jul 24, A truck bomb exploded in San Juan de Rioseco, Colombia, and 2 police officers were killed.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A13)
2002        Jul 24, In Congo Hutu rebels rejected a peace deal that would force them back to Rwanda.
    (WSJ, 7/25/02, p.A1)
2002        Jul 24, The European Union will give an extra $32 million to the U.N. Population Fund to help replace the U.S. money being withheld because of concerns about coercive abortions.
    (AP, 7/24/02)
2002        Jul 24, Indonesian prosecutors demanded that parliament speaker Akbar Tandjung be jailed for four years over the alleged misuse of $4 million in a politically sensitive graft scandal.
    (Reuters, 7/24/02)
2002        Jul 24, In Russia PM Mikhail Kasyanov ordered all businesses to adopt international accounting standards by 2004.
    (WSJ, 7/25/02, p.A9)
2002        Jul 24, In northern Uganda a group of Lord's Resistance Army rebels entered Muchwini, 285 miles north of Kampala, and  killed at least 42 people.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 24, The UN voted 35-8 on a plan to enforce a convention on torture that called for independent visits to prisons. The US failed to block the vote.
    (SFC, 7/25/02, p.A10)(WSJ, 7/25/02, p.A1)

2003        Jul 24, The House and Senate intelligence committees issued their final report on the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, citing countless blunders, oversights and miscalculations that prevented authorities from stopping the attackers.
    (AP, 7/24/04)
2003        Jul 24, In northern Iraq 3 US soldiers died in the 2nd  fatal attack on troops from the 101st Airborne Division since they tracked down and killed Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusai.
    (Reuters, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 24, Two hand grenades exploded outside a UN police station in northern Kosovo, killing one person and injuring four others.
    (AP, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 24, Colin McMillan, an oilman awaiting confirmation as US Navy secretary, was found dead at his 55,000-acre ranch in New Mexico. His death was ruled a suicide.
    (SFC, 7/26/03, p.A3)
2003        Jul 24, Eleven aid workers believed abducted by Rwandan and Burundian rebels in a restive eastern province of war-ravaged Congo were killed.
    (AP, 8/7/03)
2003        Jul 24, French lawmakers overwhelmingly passed a pension reform bill despite weeks of protests by people angry about having to work longer to get full retirement benefits. PM Rafarrin managed to push through a pension reform against union resistance with the support of CFDP, the French Defense and Protection Company.
    (AP, 7/24/03)(Econ, 4/8/06, p.49)
2003        Jul 24, The French Senate passed a law banning the sale of cigarettes to minors under 16 and raises the price per pack for the second time this year.
    (AP, 7/24/03)
2003        Jul 24, In Guatemala protesters demanding that former dictator Rios Montt be allowed to run for president touched off a wave of violence that paralyzed the capital.
    (AP, 7/25/03)
2003        Jul 24, In Monrovia, Liberia, the bloodiest mortar attack in days killed at least 12 men, women and children.
    (AP, 7/25/03)

2004        Jul 24, President Bush said in his weekly radio address that his administration was committed to relying on the recommendations of the Sept. 11 commission in waging the war on terrorism.
    (AP, 7/24/05)
2004        Jul 24, Fred LaRue (75), former Nixon administration official, died in Biloxi, Mississippi. He served a prison term for Watergate.
    (AP, 7/24/05)
2004        Jul 24, An online statement by a group representing itself as al-Qaida's European branch threatened to turn Australia into "pools of blood" if it doesn't withdraw its troops from Iraq.
    (AP, 7/25/04)
2004        Jul 24, A Tehran court acquitted the sole defendant in the July 10, 2003, murder of an Iranian-Canadian photojournalist. Mohammad Reza Aghdam Ahmadi had pleaded innocent on July 17 and the trial was abruptly ended the next day.
    (AP, 7/25/04)
2004        Jul 24, Gunmen kidnapped the head of an Iraqi government-owned construction company in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/24/04)
2004        Jul 24, The 16th edition of Italy's Miss Cicciona contest (Italy's Miss Chubby) began in Forcoli, central Italy.
    (AP, 7/25/04)
2004        Jul 24, In India Coal and Mines Minister Shibu Soren resigned after an arrest warrant was issued against him on charges of inciting arson and violence during a rally in 1975.
    (Reuters, 7/24/04)
2004        Jul 24, Militants torched a Palestinian police station south of Gaza City.
    (AP, 7/24/04)
2004        Jul 24, Sri Lanka's Tamil Tiger rebels killed eight rivals in the worst outbreak of violence in three months.
    (AP, 7/25/04)
2004        Jul 24, It was reported that rebels fighting an 18-year insurgency in northern Uganda have killed at least 42 civilians in southern Sudan in the past week.
    (AP, 7/24/04)

2005        Jul 24, Lance Armstrong closed out his amazing career with a 7th consecutive Tour de France victory.
    (AP, 7/24/05)
2005        Jul 24, Four unions said they would boycott the AFL-CIO convention in Chicago. The Service Employees and Teamsters said they would quit the group.
    (SFC, 7/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 24, In southern Afghanistan more than a dozen suspected militants attacked a US patrol, and the resulting firefight left one American soldier dead and another wounded. A roadside bomb exploded in eastern Afghanistan, striking a US military convoy and wounding six American troops.
    (AP, 7/24/05)(AP, 7/25/05)
2005        Jul 24, Sir Richard Doll (92), the British scientist who first established a link between smoking and lung cancer, died in Oxford, England.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2005        Jul 24, In Egypt an explosive detonated as it was being carried by Sami Gamal Ahmad (33), to the tourist area of Kerdassa, a bazaar of souvenir shops near the Pyramids of Giza. Ahmad was severely injured.
    (AP, 7/24/05)
2005        Jul 24, In Ethiopia 6 separate bombings hit across the country's ethnic Somali province. A 5-year-old girl was among those killed in the wave of violence, which took place before a voter registration drive.
    (AP, 7/27/05)
2005        Jul 24, A 7.2 earthquake hit India's southern Andaman and Nicobar Islands and part of Indonesia. No tsunami came, and no injuries or damage were reported.
    (AP, 7/25/05)
2005        Jul 24, Indian troops in Kashmir killed 3 innocent teenagers after troops mistook them for militants. Demonstrations followed among angry Kashmiri Muslims in Jammu and Kashmir, largely Hindu India's only Muslim-majority state.
    (Reuters, 7/25/05)
2005        Jul 24, Iran's state-run media reported that its hard-line judiciary had acknowledged widespread human rights violations in prisons, including the use of torture.
    (AP, 7/25/05)
2005        Jul 24, Iraqi police said a suicide attacker slammed a truck loaded with explosives into sand barriers outside a Baghdad police station, killing at least 39 people and wounding 30. A US Marine was killed in combat operations near Rutbah. 4 US troops were killed by an improvised explosive device (IED) in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/24/05)(SFC, 7/25/05, p.A1)(WSJ, 7/27/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 24, In Nepal police used batons to break up a protest by supporters of the detained former prime minister, leaving about 15 demonstrators and 10 police injured.
    (AP, 7/24/05)
2005        Jul 24, In northern Nigeria a long-haul passenger bus skidded off a bridge and tumbled into a river after the driver fell asleep, and 56 people were killed.
    (AP, 7/24/05)
2005        Jul 24, Palestinian militants killed two Israeli motorists in the Gaza Strip. Israeli troops killed 2 of the gunmen. A suicide bomber was caught near an Israeli communal farm with a belt packed with 11 pounds of explosives.
    (AP, 7/24/05)(WSJ, 7/25/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 24, Telesur, a new TV station backed by Venezuela's government, began transmitting in various countries across Latin America. The station, funded by Venezuela and also backed by Argentina, Uruguay and Cuba, has drawn concern in the US Congress, where House members last week approved a measure to transmit radio and television broadcasts to Venezuela to ensure citizens receive "accurate news."
    (AP, 7/24/05)(Econ, 7/30/05, p.33)

2006        Jul 24, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made a surprise visit to Lebanon to launch diplomatic efforts aimed at ending 13 days of warfare.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, Amnesty Int’l. issued a report saying security agents in Jordan were torturing terrorism suspects on behalf of the US.
    (WSJ, 7/24/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 24, The US FDA approved Anthelios SX, a sunscreen that protects against a type of ultra-violet radiation linked to skin cancer.
    (SFC, 7/25/06, p.A4)
2006        Jul 24, Rescuers from the US Coast Guard and Alaska Air National Guard saved 23 crew members from a cargo ship taking on water south of the Aleutian Islands.
    (AP, 7/24/07)
2006        Jul 24, Police officers in Salt Lake City found the body of missing 5-year-old Destiny Norton in the basement of a home in her neighborhood and arrested Craig R. Gregerson (20) who lived there. Destiny disappeared from outside her house on July 16.
    (AP, 7/25/06)
2006        Jul 24, SF City Attorney Dennis Herrera announced that his office had obtained a civil injunction and $20,000 in penalties against Carlos Romero for his graffiti. This marked the 1st time SF has filed a civil suit against a graffiti tagger.
    (SFC, 7/25/06, p.A4)
2006        Jul 24, HCA Inc., the largest US for-profit hospital operator, has agreed to be purchased by a group of investors for about $21.3 billion plus the assumption of $11.7 billion in debt. Shareholders of the Nashville-based company, which was founded by the family of Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, will receive $51 in cash for each share of common stock.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, Power companies worked to restore electricity to thousands of customers throughout California as a scorching heat wave threatened to push the state into a power emergency with the potential for more blackouts. Storm problems cut power to areas of New York and Missouri.
    (AP, 7/24/06)(WSJ, 7/25/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 24, It was reported that Jeff Bezos (42), founder of Amazon.com, planned to develop a private spaceport at his private ranch in West Texas. A draft environmental review was filed with the FAA and a timetable set commercial flights to begin in 2010.
    (SFC, 7/24/06, p.A2)
2006        Jul 24, In southwestern Afghanistan hundreds of Taliban fighters firing rocket-propelled grenades attacked a district headquarters overnight in Farah, killing 3 police and wounding 7. Four suspected suicide attackers riding two motorcycles died in a confrontation with Afghan police. In the west, gunmen killed two Afghans working for international aid agency World Vision who had been delivering medicine. Fighting in Kunar province left a US soldier dead. 7 suspected Taliban were killed in Paktika province.
    (AP, 7/25/06)(WSJ, 7/25/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 24, In Belarus leftist Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez exchanged declarations of solidarity with the authoritarian leader of isolated Belarus, who shares his anti-US views. During the talks with Lukashenko, the two sides signed seven agreements on military-technical cooperation, economic and other ties as well as a declaration pledging a strategic partnership. Bilateral trade was just under $16 million in 2005.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, In Colombia 13 doctors were abducted by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC. They were on a 10-day mission to remote communities and Indian tribes in Putumayo province.
    (AP, 7/25/06)
2006        Jul 24, A UNICEF report said more than 600 children die every day in war-ravaged Congo and even more are displaced, sexually abused or swept into the camps of combatant groups.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, Costa Rica relaxed visa requirements for visitors from 102 nations, in the Central American country's most sweeping migration reform in decades.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, Hungary’s central bank raised its core interest rate half a percentage point to 6.75% in an aggressive move to stabilize its currency. This followed a quarter point raise in June. Inflation stood at 2.8%.
    (WSJ, 7/25/06, p.A8)(Econ, 8/5/06, p.64)
2006        Jul 24, A UN report on the economic impact of HIV/AIDS in India estimated infections there, currently over 5 million, could increase to 20-25 million by 2010.
    (WSJ, 7/24/06, p.A6)
2006        Jul 24, Hezbollah's representative in Iran struck a defiant tone, warning that his Islamic militant group plans to widen its attacks on Israel until "no place" is safe for Israelis.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, Iraqi PM Nuri al-Maliki condemned Israel's bombing of Lebanon's civilian infrastructure and vowed to push for a ceasefire during talks with his British PM Tony Blair. Gunmen ambushed an Iraqi police unit in central Baghdad, triggering a gunbattle in which six officers were killed and 30 were wounded. Mahmoud Ali Hussein al-Nida, the head of Saddam Hussein's Baijat tribe, was killed when gunmen attacked a meeting in the office of a prominent sheik in Tikrit. The gunmen also killed a lawyer and wounded sheik Mizahim al-Mustafa. Two other civilians caught in the crossfire also were killed.
    (AFP, 7/24/06)(AFP, 7/25/06)(AP, 7/25/06)
2006        Jul 24, Israeli ground forces pushed deeper into Lebanon in heavy fighting with Hezbollah guerrillas. An Israeli Apache helicopter crashed near the Lebanese border while attempting an emergency landing, and there were two casualties.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, Israeli artillery shelled a town in the Gaza Strip used by Palestinian militants to fire rockets, and hospital officials said three Palestinians were killed and eight were wounded.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, Kosovo formally made its pitch for independence in Vienna, Austria, face-to-face with Serbia at their 1st top-level talks since NATO bombs drove Serb forces from the province in 1999.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, Liberia began training the first soldiers of a post-war army that officials hope will grow into a small but effective force to take over peacekeeping from UN troops.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, A Malaysian princess was stabbed to death by her son as she tried to stop him from attacking her husband (74). The son (21) later died of an apparent drug overdose. Tengku Puteri Kamariah, whose brother is Sultan Ahmad Shah, ruler of the eastern state of Pahang, died at her home in Pekan town, Pahang.
    (AP, 7/25/06)
2006        Jul 24, Gunmen raided a pharmaceutical laboratory in Mexico City, killing four guards and stealing about a ton of ephedrine, a key ingredient in making methamphetamine.
    (AP, 7/24/06)
2006        Jul 24, In Sudan’s South Darfur's vast Kalma camp, 17 women were raped by armed militiamen as they went out to collect firewood.
    (Reuters, 7/29/06)
2006        Jul 24, WTO members in Geneva called a halt to more than five years of commerce liberalization talks (the Doha talks) as differences over farm aid proved unbridgeable. The 25-nation EU criticized US intransigence over agricultural subsidies for the breakdown, while the US blamed Brazil and India for being inflexible on cutting barriers to industrial imports and the EU for refusing to make deeper cuts in its farm import tariffs.
    (AP, 7/24/06)

2007        Jul 24, President Bush, speaking at Charleston Air Force Base in South Carolina, sought to justify the Iraq war by citing intelligence reports he said showed a link between al-Qaida's operation in Iraq and the terror group that attacked the United States on Sept. 11.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2007        Jul 24, The US minimum wage rose 70 cents to $5.85 an hour, the first increase in a decade.
    (AP, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 24, A grand jury in New Orleans refused to indict Dr. Anna Pou, who was accused of murdering four seriously ill hospital patients with drug injections during the desperate aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2007        Jul 24, Prosecutor’s in California’s Contra Costa County announced charges against 34 students of graduates of Pleasant Hill community college for changes to transcript grades in exchange for cash.
    (SFC, 7/25/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 24, Florida began distributing playing cards to prison inmates with pictures and information regarding unsolved murder and missing person cases.
    (SFC, 7/25/07, p.A5)
2007        Jul 24, Westinghouse Electric Co., majority-owned by Toshiba Corp., signed a multi-billion-dollar contract to build 4 nuclear reactors in China.
    (WSJ, 1/25/07, p.A10)
2007        Jul 24, Intel Corp. said it has fabricated the first modulator made from silicon that can encode data onto a beam of light at a rate of 40 billion bits per second (gigabits). Such speeds represented a rate 40 times faster than most corporate data networks.
    (WSJ, 1/25/07, p.B4)
2007        Jul 24, Albert Ellis (b.1913), influential founded of a school of psychotherapy, died in NYC. In 1955 developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, which stressed self-control.
    (WSJ, 1/25/07, p.A1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Ellis)
2007        Jul 24, Jolee Mohr (36) died in Chicago just weeks after beginning an experimental gene therapy treatment from Targeted Genetics to ease the pain the rheumatoid arthritis in her knee. Doctors later suspected an infection of Histoplasma capsulatum.
    (SSFC, 9/16/07, p.A21)(SFC, 9/18/07, p.A4)
2007        Jul 24, Riley Ann Sawyers (2) died after being whipped with belts and flung across a room like a rag doll. On October 29 her body, dubbed Baby Grace, was found inside a plastic box in Galveston Bay. In 2009 a jury convicted Riley's mother, Kimberly Dawn Trenor (20), of capital murder. The conviction brought an automatic sentence of life in prison without parole. Her husband, Royce Clyde Zeigler II (25), was convicted of capital murder on Nov 6, 2009, and was also expected to receive a life sentence.
    (AP, 2/3/09)(SFC, 11/7/09, p.A4)(http://baby.grace.50megs.com/)
2007        Jul 24, Bamir Topi (50), a biologist, was sworn in as Albania's president, promising to help the poor Balkan country to become a member of NATO and the European Union. Topi was elected to a five-year term by parliament on July 20 after some opposition lawmakers ended their coalition's boycott and supported his appointment.
    (AP, 7/25/07)(Econ, 8/18/07, p.43)
2007        Jul 24, Former Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina was charged with extortion for allegedly demanding hundreds of thousands of dollars from a company seeking to build a power station.
    (AP, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 24, Five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor, sentenced to life in prison in Libya for allegedly infecting children with HIV, came home to Bulgaria and were greeted with tears and hugs, and a presidential pardon that allowed them to walk free after 8 1/2 years behind bars. French President Nicolas Sarkozy said Qatar mediated the release and hinted the Gulf country may have had a broader role in resolving the crisis.
    (AP, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 24, Cameroon President Paul Biya's governing party won a crushing victory in weekend polls as the opposition cried foul, saying the west African nation had not staged fair elections in years.
    (AP, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 24, In Canada a pipeline in a Vancouver suburb was ruptured, sending a geyser of oil shooting 12 meters (40 feet) into the air, coating neighborhood streets and spilling crude into an ocean inlet.
    (Reuters, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 24, Chinese officials said the FBI and Chinese police have busted two software piracy gangs and seized programs worth an estimated $500 million in a joint campaign that began in 2005.
    (AP, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 24, Heavy rain and extreme temperatures continued to batter Europe, with Britain caught in its worst floods in living memory while the Balkans sizzled in heatwaves that killed at least 35 people.
    (AP, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 24, The US and Iranian ambassadors to Iraq also began talks in Baghdad in a bid to find ways to use their influence to bring stability to Iraq. A suicide bomber struck a busy commercial center in the Shiite city of Hillah, killing at least 24 people and wounding dozens as the streets were packed with shoppers and commuters.
    (AP, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 24, Nigerian President Umaru Yar'Adua ordered the release of funds belonging to the government of the economic capital Lagos seized three years ago by his predecessor. Suspected ransom-seekers kidnapped the mother of the speaker of the state house of assembly in neighboring Bayelsa state.
    (AP, 7/24/07)(AP, 7/25/07)
2007        Jul 24, Abdullah Mehsud, a former Guantanamo Bay inmate who led pro-Taliban militants in Pakistan after his release, died when he blew himself up with a grenade to avoid arrest. He was released in March 2004 and quickly took up arms again, leading militants in South Waziristan. The beheaded bodies of two soldiers abducted the previous night were found in the Bajur tribal area.
    (AP, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 24, Mohammed Radad (20), was shot by Fatah-allied gunmen, when students aligned with the rival groups clashes on the campus of An Najah University in Nablus. Radad died from his wounds on July 27.
    (AP, 7/27/07)
2007        Jul 24, Human Rights Watch said Rwandan police have killed at least 20 detainees in custody since November.
    (AFP, 7/24/07)
2007        Jul 24, Barcelona, Spain, faced Day Two of a major power outage.
    (AP, 7/24/07)

2008        Jul 24, The US confirmed that it planned to shift 230 million dollars in aid to Pakistan from counter-terrorism programs to upgrading the country's F-16 fighter jets.
    (AFP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo sued banking giant UBS for fraud, accusing the company of marketing tens of billions of dollars of auction-rate securities as safe even when they knew the investments were in trouble.
    (AP, 7/25/08)
2008        Jul 24, The US CDC reported that at least 1,013 people had died between 2005 and 2007 a street version of the painkiller fentanyl. Many deaths were likely unreported.
    (WSJ, 7/25/08, p.A12)
2008        Jul 24, NASA released findings that indicate magnetic explosions about one-third of the way to the moon cause the northern lights, or aurora borealis, to burst in spectacular shapes and colors, and dance across the sky.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, Ford Motor Co. posted the worst quarterly performance in its history, losing $8.67 billion in the second quarter.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, It was reported that the sabal palm, the Florida’s state tree, was under attack by a microscopic killer and had scientists stumped.
    (SFC, 7/24/08, p.A6)
2008        Jul 24, In southern Afghanistan insurgents attacked an Afghan military convoy in Zabul province and 35 militants were killed after the army called for assistance from the US-led coalition. A British army dog handler was fatally shot by insurgents.
    (AP, 7/24/08)(AP, 7/25/08)
2008        Jul 24, Hundreds of Anglican bishops from around the world were among 1,500 people who marched through central London calling for urgent action to tackle global poverty.
    (AFP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, Max Mosley (68), motor racing chief and son of Britain's 1930s Fascist leader Oswald Mosley, won 60,000 pounds ($119,100) in damages at London's High Court from the News of the World newspaper for breaching his privacy by reporting details of a German-themed sex session with five prostitutes.
    (Reuters, 7/26/08)
2008        Jul 24, Ten insurgents and two Cameroonian soldiers were killed in a rebel attack in the oil-rich Bakassi peninsula. The rebels, who call themselves the Niger Delta Defense and Security Council, oppose Cameroon's ownership of the West African peninsula, which is also claimed by Nigeria.
    (AP, 7/25/08)
2008        Jul 24, In Ecuador a special assembly approved a new 444-article draft constitution granting its leftist president broad powers, including the ability to dissolve Congress and set monetary policy, and freeing him to run for office through 2017.
    (AP, 7/25/08)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.40)
2008        Jul 24, French PM Francois Fillon said a 15% cut in military manpower and base closings will save billions of dollars. The military ranks will be cut by 54,000.
    (SFC, 7/25/08, p.A12)
2008        Jul 24, French giant automaker Renault said it will cut about 5,000 jobs in Europe among measures to reduce costs by 10 percent as it prepares for a sharp and possibly rocky downturn.
    (AFP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, In Germany US presidential candidate Barack Obama and German Chancellor Angela Merkel discussed the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan as well as climate and energy issues at Germany's chancellery. Obama stood before an enormous crowd in Berlin and summoned Europeans and Americans to work together to "defeat terror and dry up the well of extremism that supports it."
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, In northern Baghdad gunmen in a speeding car opened fire on two different awakening council checkpoints in the Azamiyah neighborhood killing three of its guards and leaving another wounded. A female suicide bomber blew herself up near US-allied Sunni Arab fighters walking in a crowded area of Baqouba, killing at least eight of the guards and wounding 24 other people.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, Iraq was told it's not welcome to the Beijing Olympics because of a political feud in Baghdad that angered the games' guardians and exiled a country that arrived to a roaring ovation at the opening ceremony four years ago.
    (AP, 7/25/08)
2008        Jul 24, An Israeli official said a key committee has approved construction of the first new Jewish settlement in the West Bank in a decade. The news infuriated Palestinians, who said the decision could cripple peace efforts.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, In Indian Kashmir a suspected Islamic militant threw a hand grenade at a group of migrant laborers, killing a woman and her four children in one of two attacks that claimed a total of nine lives.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, Libya said it will halt fuel supplies to key oil client Switzerland in the latest reprisal for last week's brief detention in Geneva of a son of Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi.
    (AFP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, In Mexico state prison chief Salvador Barreno was shot and killed as he drove in Ciudad Juarez, across from El Paso, Texas. His bodyguard was also killed. 3 other men died in a separate shooting minutes later.
    (AP, 7/25/08)
2008        Jul 24, In Nigeria a petrol tanker burst into flames main in the main city of Lagos, killing at least 12 people and leaving several others with severe burns. 5 eastern European oil workers were abducted from a Swedish boat in the Niger delta. The 5 Russian oil workers were released on July 26.
    (AFP, 7/24/08)(AP, 7/26/08)(AP, 7/28/08)
2008        Jul 24, In southern Norway a group of men armed with bats and iron bars attacked a center for political asylum-seekers, leaving more than 20 people injured.
    (AP, 7/25/08)
2008        Jul 24, In the southern Philippines a homemade bomb ripped through a commuter bus, wounding 27 people. In North Cotabato province communist rebels attacked a banana farm associated with Dole Foods Co. and a land mine hit a security vehicle rushing to intervene, killing one and wounding three others.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, In Singapore North Korea's reclusive communist regime, long seen as a nuclear threat to the region, signed a nonaggression pact with Southeast Asia, in a largely symbolic move. The Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) with the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) came into force in 1976, requires signatories to renounce the use or threat of force and calls for the peaceful settlement of conflicts.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, In South Africa talks began in earnest on resolving Zimbabwe's political crisis after President Robert Mugabe gave his senior lieutenants the final go-ahead to negotiate power-sharing with the opposition.
    (AP, 7/24/08)
2008        Jul 24, Sri Lankan forces battled rebel gunmen deep inside the nation's northern jungles, killing 25 guerrilla fighters and seizing new territory. Battles in other parts of the war zone killed 13 rebels and three soldiers.
    (AP, 7/24/08)(AP, 7/25/08)
2008        Jul 24, In Suriname a boy (12) stabbed and killed a 9-year-old girl in front of her classmates and teacher at a rural elementary school.
    (AP, 7/25/08)

2009        Jul 24, President Barack Obama conceded his words, that a white police officer "acted stupidly" when he arrested a black university scholar in his own home, were ill-chosen. He invited both men to visit him at the White House, but stopped short of publicly apologizing for his remark. Obama said he had personally telephoned the two men, Harvard professor Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Cambridge, Mass., police Sgt. James Crowley, in an effort to end the rancorous back-and-forth over the issue. The case began on July 20, when word broke that Gates (58) had been arrested five days earlier at the 2-story home he rents from Harvard.
    (AP, 7/25/09)
2009        Jul 24, Pres. Obama challenged states and school districts to raise academic standards and improve teacher quality if they want a chance at some $5 billion in new grants in the administration’s “Race to the Top" program.
    (SFC, 7/25/09, p.A3)
2009        Jul 24, The United States transferred $200 million to the Palestinian government to help ease a growing budget deficit.
    (AP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, A federal minimum wage increase took effect. Some economists said it could prolong the recession by forcing small businesses to lay off the same workers that the pay hike passed in better times was meant to help. The increase to $7.25 meant 70 cents more an hour for the lowest-paid workers in the 30 states that have lower minimums or no minimum wage.
    (AP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, The California Senate approved a plan to close the state's $26 billion budget deficit, providing a glimmer of hope after weeks of fiscal gloom.
    (AP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, In Oakland, Ca., a city parking department memo ordered parking officers to avoid enforcing neighborhood parking violations in some wealthier neighborhoods, but to continue enforcing the same violations in the rest of the city.
    (SFC, 2/25/10, p.A1)
2009        Jul 24, Isaiah M.K. Kalebu (23) was arrested for breaking into a Seattle home and stabbing 2 women, one fatally. Kalebu had a history of mental illness.
    (SSFC, 7/26/09, p.A12)
2009        Jul 24, In Afghanistan four Taliban were killed in a clash with foreign forces In northern Balkh province. Fighting killed two US soldiers. NATO troops came under fire in the east and one NATO soldier was killed. Air strikes followed killing several insurgents. Up to 12 insurgents were killed in a gun battle with US-led troops in the eastern province of Nangarhar.
    (AFP, 7/24/09)(AP, 7/25/09)
2009        Jul 24, Burundi army officials said 3 of its soldiers serving with African Union peacekeepers in Somalia have died of a mysterious illness in a Kenyan hospital where more than 10 others are being treated.
    (AFP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, Via Rail, Canada's national passenger rail service, said it was shutting down service after mediated talks with the Teamsters union failed to resolve a contract dispute, and locomotive engineers walked off the job.
    (Reuters, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, A senior Chechen official held talks in Norway with prominent separatist figure Akhmed Zakayev, who said they had agreed to seek a political settlement of rebellion in the south Russian region.
    (Reuters, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, In China some 30,000 steelworkers in Tonghua clashed with police in a protest over plans to merge their mill with another company. Angry employees of Tonghua Iron and Steel Group attacked Jianlong Steel general manager Chen Guojun during the protest and beat him to death.
    (AP, 7/25/09)
2009        Jul 24, The UN refugee agency said 536,000 people have been chased from their homes in eastern Congo this year as a result of clashes between government forces and rebels linked to neighboring Rwanda's 1994 genocide.
    (AP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, In southern Croatia a passenger train derailed, killing at least six people and injuring about 20.
    (AP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, In Europe deadly summer wild fires spread across Spain, France, Italy and Greece with holidaymakers rescued from beaches and thousands of firefighters brought into the battle.
    (AFP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, Ousted Honduras President Manuel Zelaya stood on the edge of his country and called on his fellow Hondurans to resist the coup-installed government. He then quickly retreated back to Nicaraguan territory, saying he wanted to avoid bloodshed and give negotiations another try.
    (AP, 7/25/09)
2009        Jul 24, Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad caved into pressure from hardline clerics and the country's supreme leader and allowed the resignation of his top deputy, Esfandiar Rahim Mashai, who last year angered conservatives when he made friendly comments toward Israel.
    (AP, 7/25/09)
2009        Jul 24, In Iran a Russian Ilyushin-62 plane, operated by Tehran-based Aria Airlines and carrying 153 passengers and crew, skidded off the runway and hit a wall while landing in the northeastern city of Mashhad. 13 of the 16 people killed in the crash were members of the crew, 9 of them from Kazakhstan. The plane landed at high speed and the tires failed.
    (AP, 7/25/09)
2009        Jul 24, In northern Iraq Fakri Hadi Gari, the deputy commander of a radical Sunni Islamic group linked to al-Qaida, was arrested. Ansar al-Islam is believed by the military to be behind attacks on US and Iraqi troops in Mosul. Gari, also known as Abu Abbas and Mullah Halgurd, was arrested with nine other suspected members. An American soldier died of non-combat related injuries.
    (AP, 8/4/09)(AP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, In Pakistan 10 militants were killed in Buner district and 29 were arrested elsewhere in the region. Troops killed four militants in Swat and destroyed a training camp and a militants' cave. In Upper Dir jets pounded a suspected Taliban base, killing at least four militants.
    (AFP, 7/24/09)(AFP, 7/25/09)
2009        Jul 24, The Arctic Sea, a Maltese-flagged bulk carrier, was boarded by 8 attackers posing as police. The timber carrying vessel was boarded off the Swedish coast, searched by attackers, who reportedly tied up the crew for 12 hours. It disappeared following its last communication on July 28. The failed to arrive at the Algerian port of Bejaia on August 4 as planned. The 4,700-ton ship, originally called Okhotsk, built in 1991, had a Russian crew of 13 and was operated by a firm based in the Russian port of Arkhangelsk. Russian naval warships tracked down the ship off the Cape Verde islands and freed the crew. On August 18 Russia reported that eight people from Latvia, Estonia and Russia had been arrested for piracy. On Aug 19 Yulia Latynina, a leading Russian opposition journalist and commentator, reported that “the Arctic Sea was carrying some sort of anti-aircraft or nuclear contraption intended for a nice, peaceful country like Syria, and they were caught with it." In March 2011 six men were convicted and sentenced to 6-12 years in prison. Two others were already convicted.
    (Reuters, 8/9/09)(Reuters, 8/18/09)(AP, 8/19/09)(AP, 3/24/11)
2009        Jul 24, The IMF approved a $2.6 billion loan to Sri Lanka.
    (Econ, 8/8/09, p.35)
2009        Jul 24, Turkish commandos captured five pirates in the Gulf of Aden as part of an international mission to curb piracy off the coast of Somalia.
    (AP, 7/24/09)
2009        Jul 24, Zimbabwe's coalition government launched a campaign of "national healing" and reconciliation, with political leaders urging supporters to end years of political violence and intimidation.
    (AP, 7/24/09)

2010        Jul 24, In Iowa the Lake Delhi dam in Delaware County gave way under the rising Maquoketa River decimating the 9-mile long lake and adjacent property values.
    (SFC, 7/27/10, p.A6)
2010        Jul 24, Australia’s PM Julia Gillard pledged 400 million dollars (360 million US) to take old cars off the road and vowed to impose tougher fuel standards as part of her election policy on climate change.
    (AP, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 24, Congolese rebels took an Indian pilot hostage when they attacked an aircraft on a remote airstrip in a tin mining zone in the country's North Kivu province.
    (Reuters, 7/25/10)
2010        Jul 24, French-backed Mauritanian military operations against al Qaeda fighters in the Sahara desert wound up after four days of hunting Islamists deep inside Mali.
    (AP, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 24, The German government said it is offering asylum to 50 Iranian dissidents who took part in the massive street protests that erupted after elections there last year.
    (AP, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 24, In Germany a stampede at the Love Parade techno music festival in Duisberg ended with at least 19 young people dead and more than 300 injured. Within days the death toll rose to 21 as more died from their injuries.
    (Reuters, 7/25/10)(http://tinyurl.com/27m7e9l)(Reuters, 7/28/10)
2010        Jul 24, Theo Albrecht (88), the secretive co-founder of Germany's worldwide discount supermarket chain Aldi, a co-owner of Trader Joe's in the United States and one of Europe's richest men, died in Essen.
    (AP, 7/30/10)
2010        Jul 24, India’s Chhattisgarh state, seen as a bastion of an increasingly deadly Maoist revolt, said it was seeking one billion dollars to counter the left-wing insurgency with a surge in development.
    (AFP, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 24, Iran warned it would stop trading with countries that impose restrictions on its assets abroad in the face of tightening international sanctions over the Islamic state's disputed nuclear activities.
    (Reuters, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 24, Iran hanged three drug traffickers identified only by their initials as A.A., S.Z. and S.M., in the city of Ahvaz in the southwestern province of Khuzestan.
    (AFP, 7/31/10)
2010        Jul 24, North Korea vowed to respond with "powerful nuclear deterrence" to joint US and South Korean military exercises poised to begin this weekend, saying the drills amount to a provocation that would prompt "retaliatory sacred war."
    (AP, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 24, In northwest Pakistan gunmen killed the son of Information Minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. US missiles hit a suspected militant hide-out, killing 12 insurgents in a compound in the Nazai Narai area of South Waziristan.
    (AP, 7/24/10)(AP, 7/25/10)
2010        Jul 24, Russia said it plans its biggest sell-off of state assets since the early 1990s as it seeks to raise over $29 billion to plug budget gaps over the next three years.
    (Reuters, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 24, In southern Russia gunmen opened fire on security guards at a provincial food market in the city of Samara, killing at least two and wounding at least five other people. 3 soldiers in Dagestan were killed when assailants attacked their convoy in a drive-by shooting.
    (AP, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 24, Ugandan forces imposed tight security in the capital as more than 30 heads of state began converging on Kampala for an African Union summit barely two weeks after deadly suicide attacks. The African Union said Africa must turn ever more to China for its development because conditions and checks often stalled the flow of funds from Western nations and the World Bank.
    (AFP, 7/24/10)(Reuters, 7/24/10)
2010        Jul 24, In Yemen tribal mediators succeeded in reaching a ceasefire between northern Shiite rebels and an army-backed tribe after days of fighting that killed at least 70 people.
    (AFP, 7/24/10)

2011        Jul 24, Pres. Obama signed an executive order blocking the property of transnational criminal organizations. It declared that the infiltration of financial and commercial markets by transnational criminal groups to be a national emergency.
    (www.archives.gov/federal-register/executive-orders/2011.html)(Econ, 12/31/11, p.57)
2011        Jul 24, Wedding fever hit New York, as hundreds of gay and lesbian couples lined up to be married on the first day that same-sex marriage was legal in the state.
    (Reuters, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Dan Peek (60), a founding member of the 1970s soft rock trio America, died. The group’s hits included “A Horse With No Name."
    (SFC, 7/25/11, p.A6)
2011        Jul 24, In Afghanistan NATO forces battling insurgents along a highway in Wardak province accidentally killed three civilians who were caught in the crossfire.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Pirates seized the Rbd Anema e Core, an Italian tanker with a crew of 23, off Benin in the Gulf of Guinea.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Cadel Evans won the Tour de France, becoming the first Australian to capture cycling's most prestigious title.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Germany said that it is loaning Libya's rebel leadership €100 million ($144 million) to help with the country's rebuilding and humanitarian needs.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, In India the Darul Uloom seminary, one of the world's most revered schools of Islamic learning, ousted Ghulam Mohammed Vastanvi (60), its reformist leader, just months into his term, after he praised a Hindu nationalist politician loathed by many Indian Muslims.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, An Iraqi anti-terrorism official said security forces have smashed an Al-Qaeda network allegedly responsible for more than 100 killings in Baghdad, including attacks on Oct 31, 2010, May 8 and May 26 this year. The network consisted of 16 militants and had been led by Wissam Yasin Alwan, also known as Abu Samir, who committed suicide last week when police tried to arrest him in central Baghdad's Baab al-Muadham district.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, In Libya NATO warplanes blitzed a string of military targets in Tripoli, as Moamer Kadhafi blamed a "colonial plot" for the conflict engulfing his country. The latest NATO strikes came after rebel forces said they had lost 16 fighters in two days of fighting for Zliten and had infiltrated the capital and attacked a regime command post where a son of the strongman was among officials targeted.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, In northwest Pakistan a suicide bomber blew himself up at an army checkpoint in South Waziristan, killing one soldier and wounding two others.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, South Africa’s Johannesburg City Press reported that the African National Congress' Youth League firebrand Julius Malema has an alleged "secret fund" into which local businessmen are reported to have paid large sums of money in return for help winning government contracts.
    (AP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Sudan launched a new currency, six days after the newly independent south did so amid fears of a currency war, but the central bank said it was ready to negotiate with Juba on the old money.
    (AFP, 7/24/11)
2011        Jul 24, Syria's government endorsed a draft law that it says will allow the formation of political parties alongside President Assad's ruling Baath Party, part of a series of promised reforms that the opposition has dismissed as largely symbolic. The bill still needed to be endorsed by parliament and will likely be presented for debate at the next session on August 7. Troops stormed a northwestern village and made sweeping arrests in the region and in the capital Damascus.
    (AP, 7/25/11)
2011        Jul 24, In Yemen a suicide attacker driving a pickup truck packed with explosives blew himself up outside an army camp in Aden, killing at least 8 army soldiers and wounding dozens.
    (AP, 7/24/11)

2012        Jul 24, The New Orleans Police Dept. and the US Dept. of Justice announced an agreement to overhaul the city’s scandal-ridden police force and improve city safety.
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.A6)
2012        Jul 24, In California the Alameda County Board of Supervisors voted 5-0 for the Safe Drug Disposal Ordnance, which requires producers of drugs sold or distributed in the county to pay for safe collection and disposal of unused medications.
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.C1)
2012        Jul 24, Chad Everett, the star of the 1970s TV series "Medical Center," died in LA. He also appeared in such films and TV shows as "Mulholland Drive" and "Melrose Place."
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Sherman Hemsley (b.1938), African-American actor best know for his role as George Jefferson, died in El Paso, Texas. He debuted as George Jefferson in 1973 in the “All in the Family" sitcom. From 1975-1985 he continued in “The Jeffersons." From 1986 to 1991 he played Deacon Ernest Frye in “Amen."
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.C5)
2012        Jul 24, British prosecutors brought criminal charges against 8 of the most prominent figures in the phone-hacking scandal by one or Rupert Murdock’s tabloid newspapers. They included Andy Coulson and Rebekah Brooks.
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 24, Burundi's anti-corruption court sentenced Faustin Ndikumana, an anti-graft activist, to five years in jail for "false declarations." Ndikumana was arrested February 7 after writing a letter in which he said candidates for the post of judge in Burundi had to pay a bribe, and that the justice minister was in part responsible for this state of affairs.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, China upgraded Sansha to prefecture level. The area was created by bureaucrats in 2007 to oversee and administer one million square miles of the South China Sea. A new mayor declared Sansha, population of just 1,000, to be China's newest municipality. The city administration is on tiny Yongxing island, 350 km (220 miles) southeast from China's tropical Hainan Island. Vietnam and China both claim the Paracels, of which Yongxing, little more than half the size of Manhattan's Central Park, is part.
    (SFC, 7/24/13, p.A14)(Econ, 4/19/14, SR p.15)(AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, In China Rosalia Amarilla (31), a clothes vendor from Paraguay, stepped into the international terminal of Beijing's cavernous main airport, wearing more than 7 pounds (3 kg) of cocaine stuffed into her underwear and bra. She was caught and later sentenced to death on drug trafficking charges.
    (AP, 1/24/15)
2012        Jul 24, Egypt's president designated Hesham Kandil, a young, independent US-educated irrigation minister, as the new prime minister to form a government that will be tasked with turning the country's economy and security around.
    (AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Ghana’s Pres. Atta Mills (68) died at a hospital in Accra. Vice President John Mahama (53), who held degrees in history and communications, was sworn in hours after. Mahama had recently published: “My First Coup D'Etat And Other True Stories from the Lost Decades of Africa."
    (AP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 24, Hong Kong authorities issued a hurricane warning for the first time since 1999 as Typhoon Vicente roared to within 100 km of Hong Kong shortly after midnight, disrupting dozens of flights to the regional hub.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, India's top court banned tourism in tiger reserves across the country in a ruling that aims to protect the endangered big cats but may disrupt travel plans for droves of tourists who booked stays at the hundreds of hotels that have sprung up deep inside the forests.
    (AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Indian security forces shot dead four rioters, taking the death toll from ethnic violence in the remote northeast to 26.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, In Iraq a car bomb in the town of Ad-Dawr, in Salaheddin province north of Baghdad, killed the wife and four children of a police captain. A roadside bomb in south Baghdad killed at least two people and wounded three others.
    (AFP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 24, Uri Blau, a reporter with Israel's Haaretz newspaper, was convicted under a plea bargain of possessing classified military documents. Anat Kam, a former solider, had handed some 1,800 documents to Blau who used some of them as the source for an article in 2008 which said troops had been ordered to carry out targeted killings of Palestinian militants in violation of a Supreme Court order.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Mayors from across Italy, holding up flags and wearing their tricolor sashes, demonstrated in front of the Italian Senate against spending cuts planned by the government.
    (AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corp said it will invest more than $100 million to expand Lexus production in Canada.
    (Reuters, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, A grouping of Mali's main political parties (FDR) formed after a March coup, demanded the resignation of the interim PM Cheick Modibo Diarra, whom they accused of "incompetence and amateurishness." The grouping unites some 40 political parties and about 100 civil society organizations.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, In Montenegro some 850 Roma people, who had fled Kosovo during the 1998-99 war, lost their belongings in the fire that swept through the refugee barracks in the suburb of Konik. No one was injured.
    (AP, 7/25/12)
2012        Jul 24, In Pakistan gunmen attacked trucks bound for NATO in Afghanistan, killing a driver at the Torkham border crossing, in the first such incident since supply lines reopened after a seven-month blockade. The crossing was closed for 9 days.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)(AFP, 8/6/12)
2012        Jul 24, Saudi state TV announced that the government has collected about $32.5 million in donations as part of a national drive to support "our brothers in Syria."
    (AP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Sierra Leone's government said it has issued provisional offshore oil prospecting awards to nine companies.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, South Korea’s Pres. Lee Myung-bak apologized for a string of corruption scandals implicating his relatives and allies.
    (SFC, 7/25/12, p.A5)
2012        Jul 24, Syria’s President Bashar Assad reshuffled the generals at the core of his regime's highly secretive security apparatus. Clashes continued with the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reporting at least 33 people killed nationwide. Fierce clashes spread to new neighborhoods in Aleppo in a fourth day of fighting there. Helicopter gunships began to hammer the outskirts of Aleppo.
    (AP, 7/24/12)(AFP, 7/24/12)(Econ, 7/28/12, p.38)
2012        Jul 24, In Tajikistan 42 gunmen and government soldiers were killed in clashes with an armed group led by Tolib Ayombekov, a former warlord, whom the Tajik government has accused of involvement in a recent killing of a senior intelligence officer. Dozens of civilians casualties were also suspected.
    (AP, 7/24/12)(SFC, 7/25/12, p.A2)(Econ, 7/28/12, p.35)
2012        Jul 24, UN helicopters fired on rebel positions in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo after new clashes broke out between rebel fighters and loyalist troops.
    (AFP, 7/24/12)
2012        Jul 24, Yemeni warplanes killed at least five al-Qaida-linked militants in overnight airstrikes against hideouts in the southern Abyan province.
    (AP, 7/24/12)

2013        Jul 24, Google announced a plan to bring wireless internet access to at least 31 parks in San Francisco.
    (SFC, 7/24/13, p.A1)
2013        Jul 24, In Oakland, Ca., Judy Salamon (66) was shot and killed after confronting and recording on her cell phone two men she believed were involved in a robbery. In 2014 police arrested Stephon Lee (22) and Mario Floyd (21) and charged them with special-circumstance murder.
    (SFC, 4/25/14, p.A7)
2013        Jul 24, A US federal judge swept aside lawsuits challenging Detroit’s Jul 18 bankruptcy filing.
    (SFC, 7/25/13, p.A8)
2013        Jul 24, In Pennsylvania at least 5 same-sex couples obtained marriage licenses in Montgomery County. It was up to Republican Gov. Tom Corbett or other state officials to challenge the actions. A 1996 state law defined marriage as a civil contract in which a man and a woman take each other as husband and wife.
    (SFC, 7/25/13, p.A11)
2013        Jul 24, Virginia Johnson (b.1925), pioneering sex therapist and researcher, died in St. Louis. She and her husband, William Masters (d.2001), had authored books that included “Human Sexual Response" (1966) and “Human Sexual Inadequacy" (1970.
    (SFC, 7/26/13, p.D7)
2013        Jul 24, Afghanistan's first woman governor and a Myanmar civil society organizer were among five winners of Asia's equivalent of the Nobel Prize this year. The Philippines-based Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation singled out Afghanistan's Habiba Sarabi, a 57-year-old doctor, for her "bold exercise of leadership to build up a functioning provincial government against great odds." The Foundation also recognized Lahpai Seng Raw from Myanmar, for her "quietly inspiring and inclusive leadership in the midst of deep ethnic divides and prolonged armed conflicts."
    (Reuters, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, Bulgarian police broke through a blockade of protesters and released more than 100 lawmakers, journalists, and staffers stuck inside the parliament building in the capital, Sofia, ending the latest flare-up of anti-government sentiments in the country but doing little to resolve the overall unhappiness of the public with their government.
    (CSM, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, In Egypt a bomb blast outside the security headquarters in the Nile Delta city of Mansoura wounded 19 people. 11 people have been killed in clashes between supporters and opponents of the ousted president since July 22. A pro-Morsi group claimed another 2 people were killed in a march in Cairo by assailants who fired on them from rooftops.
    (AP, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, The EU said it will give Kenya 40 billion shillings ($458.45 million) between 2014 and 2020, for use in agriculture and other sectors, extending an aid program to the African country.
    (Reuters, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, The French government said it would close down two more far-right militant groups after outlawing three others this month in response to the death of a militant left-wing student in June in a brawl between fringe groups.
    (Reuters, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, In northern Iraq insurgents ambushed a police headquarters in Bashmaya, killing at least 9 policemen. Gunmen ambushed a minibus on the road to Mosul from Baghdad, shooting dead 4 soldiers in western Tikrit. In Baghdad police found 3 bullet-ridden corpses. A car bomb exploded as an army patrol passed by outside Kirkuk, killing an officer and a soldier.  The surge of attacks this month killed more than 500 people.
    (AP, 7/24/13)(Reuters, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, Kenyan police said they have discovered a large quantity of explosives packed in boxes on a bus in the capital Nairobi that was headed to a town in the coastal region.
    (Reuters, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, In Montenegro several hundred extremists shouting "Kill the gays" attacked gay activists and clashed with police in a bid to disrupt the first ever pride event in the staunchly conservative country.
    (AP, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, In Pakistan militants armed with guns and explosives attacked a compound housing a regional office of Pakistan's top spy agency, killing three people and wounding more than three dozen others in Sukkur district in southern Sindh province.
    (AP, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, A Russian state news agency said National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden has been given a document that allows him to leave the transit zone of a Moscow airport and enter the country.
    (AP, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, In Syria forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad killed at least 15 Palestinians, mostly women and children, in a rocket attack on a rebel-held refugee camp on the southern edge of Damascus.
    (Reuters, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, The Vatican named a new Scottish archbishop to replace disgraced Cardinal Keith O'Brien, who resigned in February after admitting sexual misconduct. Monsignor Leo Cushley (52) was named the new Roman Catholic archbishop of St Andrews and Edinburgh after years working in the Vatican bureaucracy.
    (AP, 7/24/13)
2013        Jul 24, A Spanish train hurtled off the rails and smashed into a security wall as it rounded a bend near Santiago de Compostela. At least 78 people were killed in the country’s deadliest wreck in four decades.
    (AP, 7/25/13)
2013        Jul 24, The UN General Assembly designated November 19 as World Toilet Day to spotlight the plight of 2.5 billion people who don't have basic toilets.
    (AP, 7/24/13)

2014        Jul 24, The United States said it had evidence Russian forces were firing artillery from inside Russia on Ukrainian troops, in what officials called a "clear escalation" of the conflict.
    (AFP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, In Los Angeles the body of Xinran Ji (24) an electrical engineering student from China who enrolled at USC in the fall of 2013, was discovered this morning, a few blocks away from where police say he had been attacked nearly six hours earlier. On July 29 four US teens were charged with murder in the fatal beating with a baseball bat and wrench.
    (Reuters, 7/25/14)(AP, 7/30/14)
2014        Jul 24, In Pennsylvania a gunman opened fire inside a psychiatric facility at the Mercy-Fitzgerald Hospital in Darby, killing a woman and wounding a doctor before he was shot and critically wounded by the doctor.
    (YahooNews, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 24, In western Afghanistan gunmen riding on a motorcycle opened fire and killed two Finnish women aid workers in Herat.
    (AP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, Air Algerie Flight 5017 carrying 116 people from Burkina Faso to Algeria's capital disappeared from radar early today over northern Mali after heavy rains were reported. Air navigation services lost track of the MD-83 about 50 minutes after takeoff from Ouagadougou. Half the dead were from France. Others included at least 19 Lebanese citizens.
    (AP, 7/24/14)(SSFC, 7/27/14, p.A4)
2014        Jul 24, The first archive dedicated to the culture and experiences of black people in Britain opened in Brixton, south London, with the aim of shining a light on a long overlooked history.
    (AFP, 7/25/14)
2014        Jul 24, Europe's aviation regulator said it will cancel its warning that recommends airlines do not fly to Israel, after the Federal Aviation Authority cleared US carriers to resume flights.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, The European Court of Human Rights ruled that Poland violated the rights of two terror suspects by allowing the CIA to secretly imprison them on Polish soil in 2002 and 2003 and facilitating conditions for torture. Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, a Palestinian terror suspect, and Abu Zubaida, a Saudi national charged with orchestrating the 2000 attack on the USS Cole, were currently imprisoned at Guantanamo.
    (SFC, 7/25/14, p.A5)
2014        Jul 24, President Francois Hollande announced an 11-million-euro ($14.8 million) aid package to the besieged Gaza Strip.
    (AFP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, In southern India 18 children were killed when a train crashed into their school bus at an unmanned railroad crossing in Telangana state. The bus driver also died. 20 children ages 7 to 14 were injured.
    (AP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, Iraqi lawmakers elected a veteran Kurdish politician Fouad Massoum (76) as the nation's new president. Hours earlier militants fired mortar shells at an army base where suspects facing terrorism charges were being held in Taji. As the prisoners were being bussed a gunbattle erupted leaving 52 prisoners and 8 soldiers dead.
    (AP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, In Iraq Islamic militants blew up the Mosque of the Prophet Younis (aka Jonah) in Mosul. They also blew up the Imam Aoun Bin al-Hassan mosque.
    (SFC, 7/25/14, p.A6)
2014        Jul 24, UN official Jacqueline Badcock said Jihadists in Iraq have ordered that all women between the ages of 11 and 46 must undergo female genital mutilation, which could affect up to four million women and girls in the war-ravaged country.
    (AP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, Shimon Peres ended his term as president of Israel and handed the ceremonial but high-profile presidency over to Reuven Rivlin, a legislator from the hawkish Likud Party.
    (AP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, In Kenya a female tourist from Germany was killed in the port city of Mombasa in the same area where a Russian visitor was murdered earlier in July by a criminal gang.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)(AFP, 7/25/14)
2014        Jul 24, In Libya armed men abducted Abdel-Moaz Banoun, a well-known political activist, in Tripoli. Banoun has been an outspoken critic of the militias and urged that they all be disbanded.
    (AP, 7/25/14)(SFC, 7/26/14, p.A2)
2014        Jul 24, In Pakistan a bomb killed at least 2 soldiers northwest of Miranshah, North Waziristan, where the army is carrying out a major offensive against Taliban militants.
    (AFP, 7/25/14)
2014        Jul 24, Fighting in the Gaza Strip pushed the Palestinian death toll to nearly 750 as Israeli tank fire and pre-dawn assaults killed 35 people. Israeli forces shelled a UN-run school sheltering Palestinians killing at least 15 more people. 10,000 demonstrators marched in solidarity with Gaza near the Palestinian administrative capital Ramallah. One was shot dead and 200 wounded when Israeli troops opened fire.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)(Reuters, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 24, Puerto Rico unveiled a system that will allow migrants living illegally in the US territory to obtain a temporary driver's license.
    (AP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, A Russian court found two protest leaders guilty of inciting mass riots in a case that the opposition sees as part of a clampdown on President Vladimir Putin's foes. Sergei Udaltsov, who has been under house arrest since February 2013, and Leonid Razvozhayev were accused of coordinating protests which turned violent on May 6, 2012.
    (Reuters, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, In southern Somalia African Union fighter jets pounded the town of Jilib in the Middle Juba region, part of the offensive by the 22,000-strong UN-backed AU mission in Somalia (AMISOM). 2 senior Al-Shebab commanders were killed: Issa Mohamed Dhoore, who had been reportedly a "liaison officer" between foreign and Somali fighters and Sharif Ameey.
    (AFP, 7/25/14)
2014        Jul 24, In northern Syria fighters from the extremist Islamic State group stormed parts of the besieged Division 17 army base, setting off clashes that left dozens killed or wounded on both sides in Raqqa province.
    (AP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, Ukraine's PM Arseniy Yatsenyuk resigned in a shock move in protest at the disbanding of the ruling parliamentary coalition, plunging the strife-torn nation into political uncertainty. The formal dissolution of the majority coalition in the Verkhovna Rada gives President Petro Poroshenko the right over the next month to announce a fresh parliamentary poll.
    (AFP, 7/24/14)
2014        Jul 24, In southern Yemen Al-Qaeda suspects on a motorbike shot dead Major Bilal Karo in Thalab town, Lahij province.
    (AFP, 7/24/14)

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