Today in History - July 26

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657        Jul 26, Mu'awiyan defeated Caliph Ali in the Battle of Siffin in Mesopotamia [now Iraq].
    (HN, 7/26/98)

796        Jul 26, Offa, king of Mercia (in central England), died.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

811        Jul 26, Nicephorus I, Byzantine Emperor (802-11), died in the Battle at Pliska. The Bulgarian under monarch Krum beat the Byzantines.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1267        Jul 26, The Inquisition formed in Rome under Pope Clement IV.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1497        Jul 26, "Edward IV's son" Perkin Warbeck's army landed in Cork.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1524        Jul 26, James I became king of Scotland at age 12.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1526        Jul 26, The Spaniard Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon and his colonists left Santo Domingo in the Caribbean for Florida.
    (HN, 7/26/98)

1529        Jul 26, Francisco Pizarro received a royal warrant in Toledo, Spain, to "discover and conquer" Peru.
    (HN, 7/26/98)

1579        Jul 26, Francis Drake left SF to cross Pacific Ocean.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1588        Jul 26, Captain John Hawkins was knighted by Queen Elizabeth.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1656        Jul 26, Rembrandt declared he is insolvent.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1678        Jul 26, Joseph I Habsburg, German king, Roman catholic emperor (1705-11), was born.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1680        Jul 26, John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, poet, courtier, died.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1753        Jul 26, New style date is Aug 6. Georg Richmann (b.1711), German physicist, died of electrocution in St. Petersburg, Russia, during an attempt to duplicate Benjamin Franklin’s “sentry box” experiment. Reportedly, ball lightning traveled along the apparatus and was the cause of his death, apparently the first person in history to die while conducting electrical experiments.
    (Econ, 3/29/08, p.104)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_Wilhelm_Richmann)(ON, 2/12, p.12)

1758        Jul 26, British battle fleet under Gen. James Wolfe captured France's Fortress of Louisbourg on Ile Royale (Capre Breton Island, Nova Scotia) after a 7-week siege, thus gaining control of the entrance to the Saint Lawrence River.
    (HN, 7/26/98)(MC, 7/26/02)

1759        Jul 26, The French relinquished Fort Carillon in New York, to the British under General Jeffrey Amherst. The British changed the name to Fort Ticonderoga, from the Iroquois word Cheonderoga (land between the waters).
    (HN, 7/26/98)(AH, 10/02, p.26)

1775        Jul 26, The Continental Congress established a postal system for the colonies with Benjamin Franklin as the first postmaster general in Philadelphia.
    (AP, 7/26/97)(HN, 7/26/98)

1782        Jul 26, John Field, pianist, composer (Nocturnes), was born in Dublin, Ireland.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1788        Jul 26, New York became the 11th state to ratify the Constitution.
    (AP, 7/26/97)

1790        Jul 26, US Congress passed Alexander Hamilton’s Assumption plan making it responsible for state debts. Virginia had withdrawn its opposition in return for having the nation’s new capital located on its borders.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Report_on_the_Public_Credit)(Econ, 12/17/11, p.132)
1790        Jul 26, An attempt at a counter-revolution in France was put down by the National Guard at Lyons.
    (HN, 7/26/98)

1791        Jul 26, Franz Xavier Wolfgang Mozart, 6th child of Austrian composer WAM, was born.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1794        Jul 26, After remaining uncharacteristically silent for several weeks, Robespierre demanded that the National Convention punish "traitors" without naming them.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1796        Jul 26, George Catlin, American artist and author, was born.
    (HN, 7/26/01)

1805        Jul 26, Constantine Brumidi, artist (Myrtle Murdock), was born.
    (MC, 7/26/02)
1805        Jul 26, Naples and Calabria were struck by an earthquake and some 26,000 died.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1822        Jul 26, Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin held a secret meeting.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1826        Jul 26, Riots in Vilnius, Lithuanian, caused the death of many Jews.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1847        Jul 26, Liberia became the first African colony to become an independent state. A mutual agreement between the settlers and the society created the republic of Liberia. More than 10,000 free blacks had moved there. Joseph Jenkins Roberts, the Virginia-born son of free blacks, was elected the first president of Liberia, an African nation that grew out of the efforts of the American Colonization Society. Roberts made a state visit to the United States in 1851. The American Colonization Society supported setting up a colony for freed slaves in Africa as an alternative to American integration. [see Aug 26]
    (HNPD, 7/26/98)(HN, 7/26/98)

1848        Jul 26, Charles Ellet Jr., engineer, completed a light suspension bridge over the Niagara River. A boy’s kite was used to transfer the 1st line across.
    (ON, 7/02, p.8)
1848        Jul 26, The French army suppressed the Paris uprising.
    (HN, 7/26/98)

1850        Jul 26, The final design for London’s Great Council Exhibition, the first-ever World’s Fair, was officially approved. The structure of the glass and iron building, designed by Joseph Paxton, was essentially completed by Jan 1, 1851. The Exhibition opened May 1.
    (WSJ, 1/26/98, p.A16)(ON, 7/04, p.12)

1856        Jul 26, George Bernard Shaw (d.1950), Irish-born, English dramatist, critic and social reformer (Pygmalion-Nobel 1925), was born in Dublin. "The worst sin toward our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them; that's the essence of inhumanity."
    (V.D.-H.K.p.237)(HN, 7/26/98)(AP, 3/15/00)

1858        Jul 26, Baron Lionel de Rothschild became the 1st Jew elected to British Parliament.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1863        Jul 26, In the Battle of Salineville, Ohio, John Hunt Morgan and 364 troops surrendered. Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan and his cavalrymen were captured during their daring raid into Ohio. Conditions for Confederate soldiers housed in the Ohio State Penitentiary in Columbus improved after General Morgan sent a written complaint to the Buckeye State’s governor, David Todd. The Confederates were placed in the dark, dank stone prison, where they were subject to harsh punishment and forced to live on bread and water. Todd visited the prison after receiving Morgan’s letter, and soon afterward reforms were instituted to improve living conditions. Morgan did not stay to savor the improvements, though. In November 1863, he and six other Confederate officers escaped.
    (HNQ, 9/20/01)(MC, 7/26/02)
1863        Jul 26, Samuel Houston (70), 1st Pres. of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 41-44), died.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1864        Jul 26, Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie].
    (MC, 7/26/02)
1864        Jul 26-31, Riots took place at McCook's to Lovejoy Station, and Stoneman's to Macon, Georgia.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1870        Jul 26, In France Marx’s "First Address" was approved and internationally distributed by the General Council of the International Working Men's Association.
    (www.marxists.org/history/france/paris-commune/timeline.htm)

1871        Jul 26, Ferdinand Hayden (1830-1887) and his government sponsored team arrived at the Yellowstone Lake and the geyser fields.
    (ON, 11/02, p.3)

1874        Jul 26, Serge Koussevitsky, conductor of the Boston Symphony, was born in Vishny-Volotchok, Russia.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1882        Jul 26, Richard Wagner's final opera "Parsifal," premiered in Bayreuth, Germany.
    (WSJ, 7/2/99, p.W11A)(MC, 7/26/02)

1875        Jul 26, Charles E. Boles (b.1829), aka Black Bart, robbed his first stage coach in the Stanislaus River Canyon, California. He robbed at least 28 of Wells Fargo coaches before he was caught by a Wells Fargo agent in SF in 1883. He served four years of a six year sentence in San Quentin and then was never heard from again. In 1995 Charles Hoeper authored “Black Bart: Boulevardier Bandit.”
    (HN, 8/27/01)(SFC, 3/29/14, p.D1)
1875        Jul 26, Carl Jung (d.1961), Swiss psychiatrist and analytical psychologist who identified the introvert and extrovert types, was born in Kesswil, Switzerland. He saw the I Ching as a tool to help tune into the noncausal connectedness of the universe-- what he called synchronicity.
    (NH, 9/97, p.13)(WUD, 1994, p.774)(SFEC,10/19/97, BR p.3)(HN, 7/26/98)

1882        Jul 26, Richard Wagner's final opera "Parsifal," premiered in Bayreuth, Germany.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1886        Jul 26, William Gladstone was replaced by Lord Salisbury as prime minister of England.
    (HN, 7/26/98)

1893        Jul 26, George Grosz (d.1959), German satiric artist and illustrator, was born. He arrived in Berlin in 1911 and began drawing what he saw in a style of expressionism and the journalistic style of Heinrich Zille. A collection of his work was published in 1997 based on an exhibition catalog titled: "The Berlin of George Grosz: Drawings, Watercolors and Prints, 1912-1930."
    (SFEC, 7/13/97, BR p.10)(HN, 7/26/01)

1894        Jul 26, Aldous L. Huxley (d.1963), author (Brave New World), was born in Surrey, England. "Most human beings have an almost infinite capacity for taking things for granted." "Parodies and caricatures are the most penetrating of criticisms."
    (AP, 7/13/97)(AP, 7/26/98)(MC, 7/26/02)

1895        Jul 26, Gracie Allen, vaudeville, screen, radio and television personality, wife and foil of George Burns, was born.
    (HN, 7/26/01)

1903        Jul 26, Dr. Horatio Nelson Jackson of Vermont and his mechanic Sewell Croker arrived in NYC completing the first cross-country automobile trip in 63 days after leaving SF. On July 26, 2003 Peter Kesling and Charlie Wake completed a rerun of the original trip.
    (WSJ, 7/19/02, p.W9)(WSJ, 5/7/03, p.B1)(SSFC, 7/27/03, p.A2)(ON, 9/04, p.12)

1908        Jul 26, US Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte issued an order creating an investigative agency that was a forerunner of the FBI. Until this time Pinkerton had served as the America’s unofficial national law enforcement agency.
    (AP, 7/26/97)(ON, 7/06, p.12)
1908        Jul 26, Salvador Allende Gossens, Chile's last elected president (1970-73), was born.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1909        Jul 26, The SS Waratah left Durban, South Africa, with 211 passengers and crew. The steamship, enroute from Melbourne to London, was due in Cape Town 3 days later, but never arrived.
    (Econ, 9/19/09, p.94)

1914        Jul 26, Erskine Hawkins, trumpeter, was born.
    (HN, 7/26/01)
1914        Jul 26, Austrian-Hungary condemned a Serbian ultimatum.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1915        Jul 26, James Murray, lead compiler of the Oxford English Dictionary, died. The final entry to the dictionary was completed in 1928. In 2003 Simon Winchester authored “The Meaning of Everything: The Story of the Oxford English Dictionary.”
    (ON, 11/05, p.7)

1917        Jul 26, J. Edgar Hoover got job with the Justice Department.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1918        Jul 26, Britain's top war ace, Edward Mannock, was shot down by ground fire on the Western Front.
    (HN, 7/26/98)

1919        Jul 26, James Lovelock, British biologist and inventor, was born. He developed the Gaia hypothesis. According to this idea the earth is influenced by life to sustain life, and the planet is the core of a single, unified, living system. "The earth is a living organism, and I’ll stick by that," he says.
    (V.D.-H.K.p.388)

1922        Jul 26, Jason Robards Jr, actor (A Thousand Clowns, Any Wednesday), was born in Chicago.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1925        Jul 26, Tyeb Mehta, painter and film maker, was born in Gujarat, India. In 2005 one of his paintings fetched $1.58 million.
    (Econ, 9/16/06, p.75)(www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/tyeb-mehta.html)
1925        Jul 26, William Jennings Bryan (b.1860), lawyer, died 5 days after assisting the prosecution in the Scopes-monkey trial. In 2006 Michael Kazin authored “A Godly Hero: The Life of William Jennings Bryan.”
    (www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAbryan.htm)(WSJ, 2/10/06, p.W3)

1926        Jul 26, Philippines government asked the US to plebiscite for independence.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1928        Jul 26,     Stanley Kubrick (d.1999), American film director, was born in Bronx, NY. His works included Spartacus and 2001: A Space Odyssey.
    (HN, 7/26/98)(SFC, 3/8/99, p.A7)(MC, 7/26/02)
1928        Jul 26, Bernice Rubens, Welsh novelist and filmmaker, was born.
    (HN, 7/26/01)

1929        Jul 26, Jean Shepherd, humorist (Playboy satire Award 1966, 1967, 1969), was born.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1939        Jul 26, The London Times reported the discovery of a buried ship and other artifacts at Sutton Hoo. Archeologist later suspected that it was an empty grave and memorial for a 7th century Anglo-Saxon chief.
    (ON, 4/03, p.10)

1940        Jul 26, Mary Jo Kopechne (d.1969), killed while driving with Ted Kennedy, was born.
    (MC, 7/26/02)
1940        Jul 26, In Iran the Shah's police squad unexpectedly arrived at the residence of opposition politician Mohammad Mossadegh (1888-1967), searching and ransacking his house. Although no incriminating evidence against him was found, he was taken to the central prison in Tehran nonetheless. Mossadegh was released in November, but was kept under house arrest until 1941 when Mohammad Reza, ascended to the throne.
    (www.mohammadmossadegh.com/biography/)

1941        Jul 26, Benjamin Lee Whorf (1897), American linguist, died. He had argued that different languages condition or restrain the mind’s habits of thought.
    (Econ, 12/19/09, p.137)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Lee_Whorf)

1942        Jul 26, Roman Catholic churches protested the Dutch bishops’ stand against the spread of Judaism.
    (MC, 7/26/02)
1942        Jul 26, RAF bombed Hamburg.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1943        Jul 26, In England Mick [Michael Phillip] Jagger, musician, member of the Rolling Stones, was born in Dartford, Kent.
    (SFEM,11/9/97, p.9)(HN, 7/26/01)
1943        Jul 26, Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrived in Rome.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1944        Jul 26, The first desegregation in the US Army.
    (HFA, '96, p.34)
1944        Jul 26, There was a Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1945        Jul 26, US cruiser Indianapolis reached Tinian with atom bomb.
    (MC, 7/26/02)
1945        Jul 26, The US, Britain and China issued the Potsdam Declaration to Japan that she surrender unconditionally. Two days later Japanese Premier Kantaro Suzuki announced to the Japanese press that the Potsdam declaration is to be ignored. In 1961 Herbert Feis authored “Japan Subdued.”
    (WSJ, 5/5/95, p.A-12)(WSJ, 1/14/07, p.P8)
1945        Jul 26, Winston Churchill resigned as Britain's prime minister after his Conservatives were soundly defeated by the Labor Party. Clement Attlee became the new prime minister.
    (AP, 7/26/97)

1946        Jul 26, President Truman ordered the desegregation of all US forces.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1947        Jul 26, President Truman signed the National Security Act, creating the Department of Defense, the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, CIA, FBI, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The act forbade the CIA from operating within the US. The CIA was transformed from the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), founded by Gen. William Donovan (1941), and was led by Adm. Walter Chilcott Ford (d.1999 at 96) until 1949.
    (SFC, 11/23/96, p.A2)(AP, 7/26/97)(SFC, 11/25/99, p.D9)(WSJ, 1/14/07, p.P8)

1948        Jul 26, President Harry Truman In Executive Order No. 9981 called for "equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed forces without regard to race, color, religion or national origin."
    (USAT, 7/23/98, p.8A)(HN, 7/26/98)(MC, 7/26/02)

1950        Jul 26, United States military involvement in Vietnam began as President Harry Truman authorized $15 million in military aid to the French.
    (www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1945.html)
1950        Jul 26-1950 Jul 29, US troops killed up to 300 South Korean refugees trapped under a bridge at No Gun Ri. The villagers had gathered there to avoid strafing from US planes which killed some 100. US troops feared the refugees included infiltrators from North Korea. The killings were not made public until 1999. On Jan 11, 2001 the US Army admitted that civilians were massacred and Pres. Clinton offered his regrets. The US Army blamed the "fog of war" in apology and acknowledgement. In 2007 the Army acknowledged it had found, but did not divulge, that a high-level document said the US military had a policy of shooting approaching civilians in South Korea.
    (SFC, 9/30/99, p.A1,16)(WSJ, 6/5/00, p.A32)(SSFC, 12/30/01, p.D2)(AP, 4/13/07)

1951        Jul 26, Alice in Wonderland, an American animated film produced by Walt Disney, was released in New York City and London by RKO Radio Pictures. It was based primarily on Lewis Carroll's “Alice's Adventures in Wonderland” with a few additional elements from “Through the Looking-Glass.”
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_in_Wonderland_%281951_film%29)

1952        Jul 26, Adlai E. Stevenson was nominated for president by the Democratic National Convention in Chicago; John J. Sparkman was nominated for vice president.
    (AP, 7/26/97)
1952        Evita Peron (b.1919), the first lady of Argentina, died of cancer at age 33. Her biography: "Eva Peron" was written by Alicia Dujovne Ortiz. "Santa Evita" was a (1996) novel by Tomas Eloy Martinez based on the fate of her corpse. Eva wrote a little book "Mi Mensaje" (My Message, or In My Own Words) that was unfinished and lost until 1987 and published in English under the title "In My Own Words." "My Mission In Life" was ghostwritten under Eva’s name by Manuel Penella de Silva.
    (SFEC, 8/18/96, PM p. 8)(SFEC, 11/3/96, BR p.1)(AP, 7/26/97)
1952        Jul 26, King Farouk I of Egypt abdicated in the wake of a coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser.
    (AP, 7/26/97) 

1953        Jul 26, A band of anti-Batistas revolted against Pres. Fulgencio Batista with an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada army barracks in eastern Cuba. Castro was among the moncadistas and ousted Batista six years later. Castro was imprisoned on the Isle of Pines after the attack at Moncada.
    (AP, 7/26/97)(SFEC, 8/23/98, BR p.5)(WSJ, 7/10/02, p.D8)

1956        Jul 26, Dorothy Hamill, (Olympic Hall of Famer, Olympic Gold Medalist ice skater [1976]; U.S. Ice Skating Champion [1974-1976]), was born.
    (MC, 7/26/02)
1956        Jul 26, Andy Goldsworthy, British sculptor, photographer and environmentalist, was born. He produced site-specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings. He lives and works in Scotland.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andy_Goldsworthy)
1956        Jul 26, The Italian liner Andrea Doria sank off New England, some 11 hours after colliding with the Swedish liner Stockholm; at least 51 people died.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
1956        Jul 26, Egypt’s Premier Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal to provide revenue for the construction of the high Aswan dam. His speech in Alexandria, which included the codeword “De Lesseps,” triggered the army to start the seizure of the canal. 
    (EWH, 1968, p.1241)(EWH, 1968, p.1249)(Econ, 7/29/06, p.23)

1957        Jul 26, Pres. Carlos Castillo Armas of Guatemala was assassinated.
    (WUD, 1994, p.1685)
1957        Jul 26, USSR launched the 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1958        Jul 26, Britain's Prince Charles (9), was made the Prince of Wales by his mother, Queen Elizabeth II, although his investiture did not take place until the following year.
    (AP, 7/26/08)

1959        Jul 26, Kevin Spacey, actor (Henry & June, Darrow), was born in South Orange, NJ.
    (MC, 7/26/02)
1959        Jul 26, There was a partial nuclear reactor meltdown at Rocketdyne’s Santa Susana Field Laboratory 30 miles northwest of downtown Los Angeles. A report in 2006 said it may have caused hundreds of cases of cancer in the community, and that chemicals threatened to contaminate ground and water.
    (AP, 10/6/06)(www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/PHA/santa/san_p1.html)

1963        Jul 26, In San Francisco The Fly Trap restaurant at 73 Sutter St. closed to make room for the 43-story Wells Fargo Tower.
    (SSFC, 7/21/13, p.42)
1963        Jul 26, Skopje, Yugoslavia, was destroyed by earthquake and over 1,000 were killed.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1964        Jul 26, Teamsters president Jimmy Hoffa and six others were convicted of fraud and conspiracy in the handling of a union pension fund.
    (AP, 7/26/97)

1965        Jul 26, Republic of Maldives (Falkland Islands) gained independence from Britain.
    (MC, 7/26/02)

1968        Jul 26, Britain’s Theater Act abolished censorship of the theatre and amended the law in respect of theatres and theatrical performances.
    (www.opsi.gov.uk/RevisedStatutes/Acts/ukpga/1968/cukpga_19680054_en_1)

1969        Jul 26, Frank Loesser, songwriter (b.1910), died. His songs included “Baby It’s Cold Outside” sung in the 1949 film “Neptune’s Daughter.” In 2008 Thomas L. Riis authored Frank Loesser.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Loesser)

1971        Jul 26, Apollo 15 was launched from Cape Kennedy.
    (AP, 7/26/97)
1971        Jul 26, Diane Arbus [Nemerov] (b.1923), photographer, committed suicide in NYC. In 1984 Patricia Bosworth authored: "Diane Arbus: A Biography." In 2011 William Todd Schultz authored “An Emergency in Slow Motion: The Inner Life of Diane Arbus.”
    (http://photography.about.com/library/weekly/aa110600c.htm)(Econ, 9/3/11, p.86)

1973        Jul 26, Peter Shaffer's "Equus," premiered in London.
    (www.bookrags.com/criticism/peter-shaffer-1926_2/)

1980        Jul 26, Kenneth Tynan (53), dramaturge for Britain’s National Theater, died in California from emphysema. In 2001 John Lahr edited essays from his last 10 years: "The Diaries of Kenneth Tynan."
    (WSJ, 11/23/01, p.W8)(www.imdb.com/name/nm0878985/bio)

1984        Jul 26, Ed Gein (b.1906), mass murderer (movie "Psycho" based on him), died.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ed_Gein)

1986        Jul 26, Kidnappers in Lebanon released the Reverend Lawrence Martin Jenco, an American hostage held for nearly 19 months.
    (AP, 7/26/00)
1986        Jul 26, Averell Harriman (b.1892), statesman and former New York Governor, died at age 94 in Yorktown Heights, NY. He left his fabulous art collection, fortune, and influence in the Democratic Party to his wife, Pamela Churchill Harriman. She was later appointed by Pres. Clinton as ambassador to France. In 1996 Sally Bedell Smith wrote her biography: "Reflected Glory: The Life of Pamela Churchill Harriman."
    (SFC, 10/23/96, p.E6)(AP, 7/26/06)

1987        Jul 26, US Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger said the Navy's anti-mine capabilities would be improved in the Persian Gulf in the wake of a mine explosion that damaged the tanker Bridgeton.
    (AP 7/26/97)

1988        Jul 26, U.N. Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar met twice with Iran's foreign minister in the first formal talks about a cease-fire for the eight-year war between Iran and Iraq.
    (AP, 7/26/98)

1989        Jul 26, Mark Wellman, a 29-year-old paraplegic, reached the summit of El Capitan in Yosemite National Park after hauling himself up the granite cliff six inches at a time over nine days.
    (AP, 7/26/99)

1990        Jul 26, US Congress passed and Pres. George Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
    (WSJ, 7/26/95, p.A-12)(SFEC, 5/25/97, p.C10)
1990        Jul 26, The US House of Representatives reprimanded Congressman Barney Frank, (Democrat, Massachusetts) for ethics violations.
    (AP, 7/26/00)
1990        Jul 26, The US Centers for Disease Control reported that a young woman, later identified as Kimberly Bergalis, had been infected with the AIDS virus, apparently by her dentist.
    (AP, 7/26/00)

1991        Jul 26, US Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third addressed Mongolia’s first legislature chosen in multiparty elections, applauding the rise of democracy and promising millions of dollars in aid.
    (AP, 7/26/01)
1991        Jul 26, Paul Reubens (Pee Wee Herman) was arrested in Florida for exposing himself at an adult movie theater.
    (http://crime.about.com/library/blreubenspaul.htm)

1992        Jul 26, Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) went into effect.
    (http://www.dol.gov/odep/pubs/misc/summada.htm)
1992        Jul 26,    Singer Mary Wells died in Los Angeles at age 49.
    (AP, 7/26/97)
1992        Jul 26, Muhamed Cehajic, mayor of Prijedor, Bosnia, disappeared and was believed killed. Milomar Stakic became mayor and was later accused of direct involvement in establishing concentration camps at Omarska, Keraterm and Trnopolje. Momcilo Radanovic was later accused of leading a brigade that carried out numerous massacres and extortion of money from non-Serbs. Stakic was arrested in 2001 and sentenced to life in prison in 2003.
    (SFC, 2/1/97, p.A12)(SFC, 3/24/01, p.A12)(SFC, 8/1/03, p.A3)
1992        Jul 26, Iraq agreed to permit weapons inspectors to search the Agriculture Ministry in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/26/97)
1992        Jul 26, Miguel Indurain of Spain won cycling's Tour de France for the second year in a row.
    (AP, 7/26/97)

1993        Jul 26, President Clinton launched a harder sell for his budget at a conference in Chicago, accusing Republicans of gridlock.
    (AP, 7/26/98)
1993        Jul 26, In the SF Bay Area Pat Hatfield founded the Colma Historical Association.
    (www.colmahistory.org/History.htm)(Ind, 9/8/98, p.1A)
1993        Jul 26, Ret. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway (98), US Army Chief of Staff (1953-55), died in Fox Chapel, Pa.
    (AP, 7/26/98)
1993        Jul 26, A Boeing 737-500 crashed in South Korea and 68 people were killed.
    (http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19930726-1)

1994        Jul 26, The US House Banking Committee opened limited hearings on the Whitewater controversy.
    (AP, 7/26/99)
1994        Jul 26-1994 Jul 27, A car bomb heavily damaged the Israeli embassy in London, injuring 14; hours later, a second bomb exploded outside a building housing Jewish organizations in north London.
    (AP, 7/26/99)(NYT, 10/8/04, p.A12)
1994        Jul 26, In Cambodia 3 Western backpackers were kidnapped from a train by the Khmer Rouge. The surprise train attack left 13 dead. Frenchman Michel Braquet, Briton Mark Slater, and Australian David Wilson were held at the base of Nuon Paet, who later ordered them killed. Paet was convicted for the killings in 1999 and sentenced to life in prison. Sam Bith and Chhouk Rin, former Khmer Rouge guerrillas, were charged in connection with the abduction and slayings in 1999. Col. Rin was arrested in 2000. Chhouk Rin was acquitted in 2000 due to an amnesty for rebel defectors. In 2002 Bith was convicted and jailed for life.
    (SFC, 6/8/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/22/99, p.A12)(SFC, 6/22/99, p.A12)(SFC, 1/19/00, p.A16)(WSJ, 7/19/00, p.A1)(MC, 7/26/02)(AP, 12/23/02)
1994        Jul 26, The Turkish air force bombed Kurds in Iraq and 79 people were killed.
    (www.hrw.org/reports/1994/turkey2/)

1995        Jul 26, The Senate voted 69-to-29 to unilaterally lift the UN embargo on arms shipments to Bosnia.
    (AP, 7/26/00)
1995        Jul 26, Former Michigan Governor George W. Romney died at age 88.
    (AP, 7/26/00)

1996        Jul 26, Amy Van Dyken became the first American woman to win four gold medals at a single Olympics as she captured the 50-meter freestyle in Atlanta.
    (AP, 7/26/97)
1996        Jul 26, President Clinton rejected a clemency plea from Jonathan Pollard, who'd spent more than 10 years in prison for spying for Israel.
    (AP, 7/26/97)
1996        Jul 26, It was announced that researchers had devised a new small molecule that may be used in pill form to replace large molecules which up to now needed to be injected.
    (WSJ, 7/26/96, p.A1)
1996        Jul 26, Researchers announced the discovery of a gene, fosB, associated with infant care in mice.
    (SFC, 7/26/96, p.A10)
1996        Jul 26, UN sources said that 268 Hutu civilians were killed in Burundi’s Gitega province. The Tutsi army said Hutu rebels attacked a coffee factory in Giheta.
    (SFC, 8/8/96, p.A8)

1997        Jul 26, Pres. Clinton visited Lake Tahoe and announced that the Forest Service would allot 350 acres to the Washoe Indian tribe for a cultural center and give tribal members access to the edge of Lake Tahoe. He also made an executive order for $50 million over 2 years and 25 initiatives to improve the water quality of Lake Tahoe. He brought with him $26 million worth of natural gas postal trucks and sewage pipes to help preserve the lake.
    (SFEC, 7/27/97, p.A1,14)(AP, 7/26/98)
1997        Jul 26, In Belgium at the Ostend Air Show a Jordanian aerobatics airplane crashed and killed 9 people.
    (WSJ, 7/28/97, p.A1)
1997        Jul 26, In Cambodia Communist guerrillas announced that Pol Pot was sentenced to life imprisonment and Nate Thayer, a US reporter for the Far Eastern Economic Review, claimed to have seen Pol Pot and prepared a report for the Review.
    (WSJ, 7/28/97, p.A12)
1997        Jul 26, From Egypt it was reported that a cease-fire had been proclaimed by 6 imprisoned leaders of the Gamaa al Islamiya. The government dismissed the cease-fire as empty talk.
    (SFC, 7/26/97, p.A13)

1998        Jul 26, The White House said President Clinton's lawyers were working with prosecutor Kenneth Starr to avert Clinton's direct testimony to a grand jury about the Monica Lewinsky case. The president ended up testifying via closed-circuit television.
    (AP, 7/26/99)
1998        Jul 26, AT&T and British Telecommunications PLC announced they were forming a joint venture to combine international operations and develop a new Internet system. The joint venture, known as Concert, proved a money-loser and was shut down.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
1998        Jul 26, It was reported that Digital Video Express (DIVX) was being marketed by Circuit City and the Good Guys as an alternative choice to Digital Video Disks (DVD). The system was developed by Circuit City and a law firm to provide viewers purchase options. The disks scramble after 48 hours if not renewed or purchased.
    (SFEC, 7/26/98, DB)
1998        Jul 26, In Michigan 3 spectators were killed and 6 people injured at the US 500 Race in Brooklyn.
    (WSJ, 7/27/98, p.A1)
1998        Jul 26, In Algeria attackers in Khelil in Tlemcen province and in Sidi Abdelmoumen in Saida province killed 20 people in overnight attacks.
    (SFC, 7/27/98, p.A10)
1998        Jul 26, In Cambodia a Khmer Rouge attack left 10 people dead as the nation voted for a new government. 40-50 guerrillas struck at an army outpost at O’Kong Bich. No party was expected to win a majority of the 122 seat National Assembly.
    (SFC, 7/27/98, p.A8)
1998        Jul 26, In Guinea-Bissau army rebels and the government agreed to a cease-fire and promised to open peace talks.
    (SFC, 7/27/98, p.A10)
1998        Jul 26, Serb military action in the villages of Srednja Klina and Hgornja Klina near Srbica left 3 elderly people shot to death and 2 others wounded.
    (SFC, 7/27/98, p.A8)

1999        Jul 26, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and her Russian counterpart, Igor Ivanov, announced a second Washington-Moscow "hot line" would be installed to help avoid misunderstandings like those that had developed over Kosovo.
    (WSJ, 7/27/99, p.A1)(AP, 7/26/00)
1999        Jul 26, Cary Stayner, a motel handyman, described in detail for an off-camera jailhouse interview with San Francisco TV station KBWB how he’d killed a naturalist and three Yosemite sightseers.
    (AP, 7/26/00)
1999        Jul 26, The eastern third of the US was gripped in heat and at least 24 deaths over the last week resulted.
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A3)
1999        Jul 26, Brazil said it would temporarily suspend all trade talks with Argentina after Argentina moved to curb certain Brazilian exports.
    (WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A20)
1999        Jul 26, Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to send delegates to Algeria to finalize arrangements to end their 14-month border war.
    (SFC, 7/27/99, p.A10)
1999        Jul 26, Japanese government officials and US Sec. of State Madeleine Albright issued a threat of economic and diplomatic consequences to North Korea if it fires another rocket over Japanese territory.
    (SFC, 8/3/99, p.A10)

2000        Jul 26, George W. Bush and his just-chosen running mate, Dick Cheney, set out on their first campaign excursion together as they visited Cheney’s former hometown of Casper, Wyoming.
    (AP, 7/26/01)
2000        Jul 26, A federal judge in New York approved a $1.25 billion settlement between Swiss banks and more than a-half million plaintiffs who alleged the banks had hoarded money deposited by Holocaust victims.
    (AP, 7/26/01)
2000        Jul 26, The US Navy reported that an F-14 Tomcat jet crashed in Saudi Arabia during a training flight. Iraqi air defense later reported that Iraqi units had shot down a US Air Force F-14 over southern Iraq in mid July and that the Navy report was a coverup.
    (SFEC, 8/20/00, p.B16)
2000        Jul 26, Napster Inc. was hit with a preliminary injunction to halt all illegal song swapping over the Internet. A temporary stay was granted on appeal 2 days later.
    (SFC, 7/27/00, p.A1)(SFC, 7/29/00, p.A1)
2000        Jul 26, In Cuba over 1 million protestors marched in Havana against the US trade embargo.
    (SFC, 7/27/00, p.C3)
2000        Jul 26, In Fiji George Speight was arrested by the military, which then stormed a stronghold of his followers.
    (SFC, 7/27/00, p.A10)
2000        Jul 26, In Indonesia the attorney general filed corruption charges against former Pres. Suharto.
    (SFC, 7/27/00, p.A16)
2000        Jul 26, In Russia a tax reform bill was passed that scrapped the graduated income tax in favor of a 13% flat tax.
    (SFC, 7/27/00, p.A10)

2001        Jul 26, Hewlett-Packard announced 6,000 worldwide job cuts and JDS Uniphase announced another 7,000 cuts.
    (SFC, 7/27/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 26, China granted parole to two U.S.-based scholars convicted of spying for Taiwan.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2001        Jul 26, The UN War Crimes tribunal indicted Gen. Ante Gotovina on 8 counts of war crimes linked to alleged atrocities in 1995. In 2005 Croatia’s failure to arrest him hindered the country’s entry to the EU.
    (SFC, 7/27/01, p.D6)(Econ, 3/12/05, p.52)
2001        Jul 26, In Indonesia the legislature elected Hamzah Haz as vice president. In Jakarta a high-court justice was assassinated by gunmen on motorbikes.
    (WSJ, 7/27/01, p.A1)
2001        Jul 26, In Indonesia Syafiuddin Kartasasmita, a Supreme Court Justice, was shot to death by 4 assassins. Tommy Suharto was later implicated in the murder.
    (SFC, 8/7/01, p.A7)
2001        Jul 26, An Israeli youth was killed in a drive-by shooting and 3 bombs went off in the West Bank with no injuries.
    (WSJ, 7/27/01, p.A1)

2002        Jul 26, The US Republican-led House voted, 295 to 132, to create an enormous Homeland Security Department, the biggest government reorganization in decades.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2002        Jul 25, Cassandra Williamson (6) vanished from a suburban St. Louis home; her body was found hours later at an abandoned glass factory. Johnny Johnson (24), an acquaintance of Cassandra's father who had spent the night at the house was later indicted for murder.
    (SFC, 7/27/02, p.A3)(AP, 7/26/03)
2002        Jul 26, The SF-based Texas Pacific Group agreed to buy Burger King from Diageo PLC for $2.26 billion.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.B1)
2002        Jul 26, Hershey Foods in Hershey, Pa., announced that it would put itself up for sale under directions by the Hershey Trust Co.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.B3)
2002        Jul 26, In Argentina a new Evita Museum opened in Buenos Aires on the 50-year anniversary of her death.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.A16)
2002        Jul 26, In Brazil the new $1.4 billion Amazon Radar Surveillance (SIVAM), developed by Raytheon, was unveiled. It was to be used to curb crime and gather economic data.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.A16)
2002        Jul 26, The Burundian army claimed it has killed at least 500 Hutu rebels during fighting over the last two weeks, while suffering only 15 losses.
    (AP, 7/26/02)   
2002        Jul 26, It was reported that the regional Chinese governments of Tibet, Sichuan and Yunnan had agreed to develop an area to be called "The China Shangri-La Ecological Tourist Zone" across 50 counties next to Meili Snow Mountain.
    (SFC, 7/26/02, p.A15)
2002        Jul 26, In Guayaquil, Ecuador, South American presidents gathered for a 2nd region-wide summit in the face of political instability and economic turmoil.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 26, Indian Vice President Krishan Kant, 75, died of a heart attack.
    (Reuters, 7/27/02)
2002        Jul 26, An Indonesian court sentenced former President Suharto's son Tommy to a total of 15 years in jail for paying a hitman to kill a Supreme Court judge and other offences.
    (Reuters, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 26, In Indonesia bomb-like explosions hit the troubled city of Ambon, injuring 51 people, 10 of them seriously.
    (Reuters, 7/27/02)
2002        Jul 26, Israel sent tanks and troops into Gaza City. Troops fatally shot a Palestinian man as he stood in his kitchen in Qalqilya. Palestinian security officials said Israeli soldiers were firing live ammunition as they searched houses, and that the man had been hit in the head.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 26, Liberian attackers crossed into eastern Sierra Leone and abducted 18 villagers, in the second such raid in just over a week.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 26, Jose Juan Palafox, a regional director of Mexico's main intelligence agency was slain in the border city of Tijuana, the 11th person killed this week in what authorities say is an escalating drug war.
    (AP, 7/27/02)
2002        Jul 26, Palestinian gunmen waiting in ambush fired on two passing Israeli cars near a Jewish settlement in the southern West Bank, killing four people and injuring two children before fleeing.
    (AP, 7/26/02)
2002        Jul 26, In Peru 2 buses collided on a slick highway on the coast and another bus slammed into them, killing at least 12 people and injuring 37.
    (AP, 7/26/02)

2003        Jul 26, Backers of a drive to oust California Governor Gray Davis held a boisterous celebration at the state Capitol in Sacramento, more than two months before the Oct. 7 recall election.
    (AP, 7/26/04)
2003        Jul 26, John Higham (82), historian, died. His books included "Hanging Together: Unity and Diversity in American Culture."
    (SSFC, 12/28/03, p.E9)
2003        Jul 26, Harold C. Schonberg (87), New York Times music critic, died in New York.
    (AP, 7/26/04)
2003        Jul 26, Cuba celebrated the 50th anniversary of the start of Fidel Castro's revolution against Fulgencio Batista.
    (AP, 7/26/04)
2003        Jul 26, In Haiti a 4-day Voodoo religion pilgrimage, ended. It began with rituals to Ogou, the god of war, and ended with rites to the goddess of love, Erzuli. This year's crowd of more than 10,000 was half the turnout of last year.
    (AP, 7/28/03)
2003        Jul 26, In Iraq a grenade attack killed 3 US soldiers and wounded four while they guarded a children's hospital in Baqouba.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2003        Jul 26, Jiri Horak (79), the first leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party (190-1992) after the fall of communism, died in Florida.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2003        Jul 26, Across northern Japan 3 powerful earthquakes knocked out power grids, collapsed buildings and set off mudslides. At least 268 people were hurt.
    (AP, 7/26/03)
2003        Jul 26, In Liberia a mortar attack into a church harboring thousands of refugees, killed at least 15 and wounded about 55 others.
    (AP, 7/26/03)

2004        Jul 26, The Democratic National Convention opened in Boston with an estimated 35,000 visitors. Speakers included Al Gore, Jimmy Carter, Hillary and Bill Clinton. Speakers castigated George W. Bush as a president who mishandled the economy and bungled the war on terror.
    (SFC, 7/27/04, p.A1)(AP, 7/26/05)
2004        Jul 26, A new variation of the Mydoom computer virus spread across the Internet.
    (SFC, 7/27/04, p.D1)
2004        Jul 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai formally filed his candidacy for October presidential elections and chose a brother of late resistance hero Ahmad Shah Masoud as his running mate for vice president.
    (AP, 7/26/04)
2004         Jul 26, Banco Santander Central Hispano of Spain, with the help of Royal Bank of Scotland, announced a deal to acquire Abbey National Bank in the UK. The $16 billion deal created the tenth largest bank in the world.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbey_(bank))
2004        Jul 26, Czech President Vaclav Klaus named Social Democrat leader Stanislav Gross (B.1969) as the country's next prime minister, making him Europe's youngest leader and paving the way for a new center-left government.
    (www.e-paranoids.com/s/st/stanislav_gross.html)
2004        Jul 26, Mohammed Mamdouh Helmi Qutb, an Egyptian diplomat held hostage by militants in Iraq for three days, was released and was in good condition.
    (AP, 7/26/04)
2004        Jul 26, Al-Qaida-linked Islamic militants threatened to "shake the earth" everywhere in Italy if Rome does not withdraw troops from Iraq. The Internet statement, attributed to the Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigades, was the 2nd such threat against the government of Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi in two weeks.
    (AP, 7/26/04)
2004        Jul 26, A suicide car bomber attacked near a U.S. base in the northern city of Mosul, killing three Iraqis. Assassins gunned down a senior Interior Ministry official and militants said they kidnapped two Jordanian truck drivers in spiraling violence in Iraq. Basra gunmen shot 2 women dead and wounded 3 who were on their way to cleaning jobs at Bechtel.
    (AP, 7/26/04)(WSJ, 7/27/04, p.A1)
2004        Jul 26, Attackers shot and killed Col. Musab al-Awadi, the ministry's deputy chief of tribal affairs, and 2 of his bodyguards in a drive-by shooting at the official's Baghdad home.
    (AP, 7/26/04)
2004        Jul 26, Close to 5,000 'cybernauts' gathered for a weeklong computer party in Spain’s southeastern city of Valencia.
    (AP, 7/26/04)

2005        Jul 26, Discovery and seven astronauts blasted into orbit on America's first manned space shot since the 2003 Columbia disaster, ending a painful, 2 1/2-year shutdown devoted to making the shuttle less risky and NASA more safety-conscious. Its mission was to resupply the space station and deliver a new gyroscope and storage platform.
    (AP, 7/26/05)(SFC, 7/27/05, p.A1)
2005        Jul 26, Danny Simon (86), TV comedy writer and older brother of Neil Simon, died in Portland, Ore.
    (SFC, 7/28/05, p.B7)
2005        Jul 26, In Afghanistan more than 1,000 stone-throwing protesters tried to break into Bagram, the main U.S. base to free eight detained villagers, and Afghan troops fired warning shots and used clubs to beat the mob back. U.S. troops also fired into the air.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, In Afghanistan US military officials moved to defuse tension after a riot outside their main base by handing 6 villagers, accused of being bombmakers, over to local authorities.
    (AP, 7/27/05)
2005        Jul 26, In Argentina provincial Sen. Victor Hugo Luna offered a bill that would confiscate 196,000 acres from US rancher Peter McBride’s Taco Pampa property in La Paz in order to recognize land rights of local goat herders. McBride had purchased his 286,000 acres for $500,000.
    (WSJ, 8/23/05, p.A9)
2005        Jul 26, A government-commissioned study said Australia will become warmer and drier with average national temperatures rising as much as two degrees Celsius and rainfall decreasing significantly by 2030.
    (AFP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, Chinese health officials reported that over the last 4 weeks an unidentified illness has killed 19 farmers and sickened 80 in southwestern China after they butchered sick pigs or sheep. The pigs in question were infected with streptococcus bacteria, a common pathogen in humans and domestic animals.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, Six-party nuclear disarmament talks opened in Beijing after a 13-month boycott by North Korea, and the communist nation's envoy said his country was ready to work on eliminating atomic weapons from the Korean Peninsula.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, In Dagestan, Russia, the head of traffic police in Izberbash was killed at a traffic stop.
    (WSJ, 7/29/05, p.A11)
2005        Jul 26, Investigators have identified a suicide bomber in the weekend attacks that killed scores in this Red Sea resort, saying he was an Egyptian with Islamic militant ties. DNA tests identified him as Youssef Badran, an Egyptian Sinai resident.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, A third previously unknown Islamist group, Tawhid and Jihad Group in Egypt, claimed responsibility on the Internet for the bomb attacks on Egypt's Sharm el-Sheikh resort in which as many as 88 people were killed. It said it was responsible for bomb attacks that ripped through the resort town of Taba last October, killing 34 people.
    (AP, 7/26/05)(Econ, 7/30/05, p.40)
2005        Jul 26, Pernod Ricard SA said it has completed its takeover of British rival Allied Domecq PLC to become the world's second-largest wines and spirits maker. The acquired brands included Ballantine’s, Malibu and Beefeater.
    (AP, 7/26/05)(WSJ, 9/7/05, p.B2)
2005        Jul 26, In India women and men armed with truncheons and stones attacked police in Gurgaon where violent clashes between protesting Honda workers and police a day earlier reportedly injured 700 people.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, In Indonesia a 2nd suspect tried in September's deadly bombing at the Australian Embassy was convicted and sentenced to four years in prison for helping transport materials used in the attack. Agus Ahmad (31) told the South Jakarta District Court he believed six bags given to him by a friend contained crystal stones, but the three judges did not believe him.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, Al-Qaida in Iraq said it had condemned to death two Algerian diplomats who were abducted in Baghdad. A video made public showed the men blindfolded and in captivity.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, Officials said Jerusalem planners have approved the construction of a new Jewish neighborhood in the city's Muslim Quarter.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, John Goldson (69), a prominent British hotelier, was killed in Kenya’s central Rift Valley when he went to investigate a break-in by about seven gunmen at the lodge outside Naivasha, some 90 kilometers (55 miles) northwest of Nairobi. In 2006 police arrested Ibrahim Abdi Noor, believed to be the leader of the gang that shot and killed Goldson.
    (AP, 2/6/06)
2005        Jul 26, In Lebanon Samir Geagea (53), a notorious anti-Syrian Christian warlord, was released after 11 years in prison.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, Myanmar agreed to forgo its chairmanship of Southeast Asia's bloc next year to avoid a damaging Western boycott of the group's meetings.
    (AP, 7/26/05)
2005        Jul 26, Nepal's former prime minister and a member of his Cabinet were convicted of embezzlement by the king's anti-corruption commission and sentenced to two years in prison.
    (AP, 7/27/05)
2005        Jul 26, A boat ferrying passengers between remote villages sank in a southwestern Nigerian river, killing at least 18 people.
    (AP, 7/28/05)
2005        Jul 26, A Dutch court sentenced Mohammed Bouyeri (27), the killer of filmmaker Theo Van Gogh, to life in prison. He was linked to the “Hofstad Group,” some of whom were accused of wild plans to blow up Schiphol airport, the Dutch parliament and a nuclear reactor.
    (AP, 7/26/05)(Econ, 7/16/05, p.13)

2006        Jul 26, Iraq’s PM Nouri al-Maliki addressed US Congress and asked for more US reconstruction aid. He did not talk of sectarian violence in Iraq and did not mention Hezbollah.
    (SFC, 7/27/06, p.A12)
2006        Jul 26, The Washington state Supreme Court upheld a ban on gay marriage, saying lawmakers have the power to restrict marriage to unions between a man and woman.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, Chicago’s City Council voted by a veto-proof margin to require big-box stores like Wal-Mart to pay employees at least $10 per hour plus benefits.
    (WSJ, 7/27/06, p.A1)
2006        Jul 26, In a dramatic turnaround from her first murder trial, a jury in Houston found Andrea Yates not guilty by reason of insanity in the drowning of her children in the bathtub; she was committed to a state mental hospital.
    (AP, 7/26/07)
2006        Jul 26, SF police officer Nick-Tomasito Birco (39) was killed when a Dodge van carrying 4 robbery suspects broadsided his patrol car at Cambridge and Felton. Steven Wayne Petrilli (19) was charged the next day with murder, manslaughter, evading police and robbery. In 2010 Petrilli was convicted of 1st degree murder. In 2011 Carl Lather (25) and Nicholas smith (26) pleaded guilty to manslaughter and robbery charges.
    (SFC, 7/27/06, p.A1)(SFC, 7/28/06, p.B1)(SFC, 9/24/10, p.C3)(SFC, 2/5/11, p.C2)
2006        Jul 26, In southern Zabul province, gunmen ambushed and killed one Afghan worker and wounded three others as they drove to work on a road being built between the town of Qalat to a new US air base just outside town. 5 militants were killed and 11 were wounded when they battled 200 Afghan police in Garmser. All 16 people including two Dutch soldiers and at least 2 American civilians were killed when their helicopter crashed in southeast Afghanistan. The Russian-made helicopter was operated by a logistics company ferrying supplies and fuel from Kabul to the Khost airport.
    (AP, 7/26/06)(AFP, 7/27/06)
2006        Jul 26, China's PM Wen Jiabao called for urgent steps to prevent economic overheating, as the government forecast more double-digit growth in the next quarter.
    (AP, 7/27/06)
2006        Jul 26, Xinhua News said heavy rain from Tropical Storm Kaemi caused a levee in southern China to collapse, threatening to inundate an area that's home to 20,000 villagers.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, An unhappy China said that Canada's decision to bestow honorary citizenship on the Dalai Lama could hurt commercial relations between the two countries.
    (Reuters, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, Jessica Gilbert (19), a British chess prodigy, fell from an eighth-floor hotel room window in the Czech Republic where she was competing in an international chess tournament. Her death took place days before the trial of her father, whom she had accused of rape, was to begin. In December Ian Gilbert (48), a director of the Royal Bank of Scotland, was acquitted of 5 counts of raping Jessica, while she was still a child, and 6 sexual offenses against other people.
    (AP, 12/15/06)
2006        Jul 26, Georgian authorities reported sporadic fighting in a mountainous region where police are trying to subdue a defiant militia leader, the latest confrontation in a volatile former Soviet republic plagued by separatist movements.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, Germany, Israel and the US signed an agreement opening to researchers an archive of millions of Nazi files describing how the Holocaust was carried out.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, Israel suffered its bloodiest day in Lebanon in its offensive against Hezbollah, with militants killing at least nine soldiers in a battle for the strategic town of Bint Jbail.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, Israeli strikes killed 23 people in the Gaza Strip, including 16 militants and a mother and her two young daughters, in the deadliest day of fighting since Israel withdrew from the coastal strip last year.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, In Indian Kashmir 5 people were killed and 12 wounded, including nine in a tourist area, in 4 different gun battles.
    (AFP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, Pro-government militia fighters in western Ivory Coast began laying down arms, the first step of a delayed nationwide disarmament program.
    (AP, 7/27/06)
2006        Jul 26, Power was restored to parts of Liberia's dilapidated capital Monrovia for the first time in 15 years, another step in the country's emergence from more than a decade of civil war.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, A UN report said the death toll from floods and landslides in North Korea this month has risen to at least 154 people, with 127 others missing.
    (AP, 7/27/06)
2006        Jul 26, Somalia's virtually powerless government said a cargo plane landed at the capital's airport and was carrying weapons for Islamic militants who have seized control of much of southern Somalia. A spokesman for the country's official government, based 150 miles northwest of Mogadishu, said the plane was carrying land mines, bombs and long-range guns from Eritrea for a militia loyal to the Supreme Islamic Courts Council.
    (AP, 7/26/06)
2006        Jul 26, Sri Lanka's military carried out air attacks against suspected Tamil Tiger positions in northeast Sri Lanka after the rebels allegedly blocked an irrigation canal.
    (AP, 7/26/06)

2007        Jul 26, The US Senate passed, 85-8, a measure intensifying national anti-terror efforts.
    (AP, 7/26/08)
2007        Jul 26, A federal judge in Boston ordered the government to pay a record nearly $102 million for the FBI's role in the 1968 wrongful murder convictions of four men. Judge Nancy Gertner powerfully condemned misconduct that she said ran "all the way up to the FBI director."
    (www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/27/AR2007072700282.html)
2007        Jul 26, The DJIA suffered one of its worst losses of the year, closing down 311.50 to 13,473.57.
    (SFC, 7/27/07, p.D1)(AP, 7/26/08)
2007        Jul 26, Oakland, Ca., Mayor Ron Dellums brokered negotiations between the locked-out Teamsters’ Union and Waste Management following 25 days of accumulated trash.
    (SFC, 7/28/07, p.A1)
2007        Jul 26, There was an explosion at a remote test facility in the Mojave Desert belonging to Scaled Composites LLC during testing of a new space tourism vehicle. 2 people died at the scene and one later died at a hospital after surgery.
    (AP, 7/27/07)
2007        Jul 26, In southern Afghanistan US-led coalition forces and Afghan troops fought two separate battles with militants, killing more than 60 suspected Taliban insurgents. A British soldier was killed in the fighting.
    (AP, 7/26/07)(AFP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, Bhutan's prime minister and six members of his Cabinet resigned to pave the way for the 1st parliamentary elections in the Buddhist kingdom and its transition to democracy.
    (AP, 7/27/07)
2007        Jul 25, Brazil's Pres. Lula da Silva fired Defense Minister Waldir Pires in response to a fatal jetliner crash that turned months of anger over breakdowns in the military-run national air system into a full-blown political crisis.
    (AP, 7/25/07)
2007        Jul 26, In London, England, Bachan Athwal (70), a British grandmother, faced life imprisonment after being convicted of the "honor killing" of her son's wife who she murdered after luring her to India. Her son (43) was also found guilty of murder. The two killed Sikh Heathrow Airport worker Surjit Kaur Athwal (27), who disappeared in December 1998 after she decided to walk out of her arranged marriage.
    (Reuters, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, A London court sentenced five students to jail for collecting information on bomb-making and terrorism.
    (AP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, Canada nixed a decade-old policy that required prospective Sikh immigrants to change their last names to avoid confusion with other Sikhs.
    (Reuters, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, China’s state media said flooding in the far west has killed 32 people over the last 10 days, while a central city of 9 million was on high alert as the mighty Yangtze River approached dangerous heights. Runoff from a lead-zinc mine polluted the Zijiang river in Hunan province, cutting off supplies to the riverside city of Lengshuijiang and residents downstream.
    (AP, 7/26/07)(AP, 7/28/07)
2007        Jul 26, East Timor's President Jose Ramos-Horta asked visiting Australian PM John Howard to keep Australian peacekeepers in the young nation until the end of 2008.
    (AFP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, The European Court of Human Rights ordered the Russian government to pay damages of $196,000 to the family members of 11 Chechen civilians killed by Russian soldiers in 2000, when security forces rampaged through Novye Aldi, setting fire to houses and killing at least 50 civilians.
    (AP, 7/27/07)
2007        Jul 26, Juan Cruz Maiza, the alleged head of ETA’s logistics, was arrested in France along with two helpers.
    (Econ, 8/4/07, p.44)
2007        Jul 26, Germany's Identity Foundation said leading Indian economist and Nobel laureate Amartya Sen (73) will be awarded the Meister Eckhart prize for his work on human development theory.
    (AFP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, In Indonesia a dozen Christian men were convicted and sentenced to up to 14 years in jail for beating to death and beheading two Muslims to avenge the government executions of three Christians last year.
    (AP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, A parked car bomb exploded near a market in a predominantly Shiite area of Baghdad, killing 28 people and wounding 74. In northern Iraq a suicide bomber blew himself up at the gate of a police station, killing 7 people and wounding 13 in Mosul. A US soldier was killed by a roadside bomb in Diyala province; 3 more were killed in fighting in Anbar province.
    (AP, 7/26/07)(WSJ, 1/27/07, p.A1)(AP, 7/27/07)(AP, 7/30/07)
2007        Jul 26, An Israeli airstrike targeting a car south of Gaza City killed 3 Islamic Jihad militants. Israeli forces also killed a Hamas militant during a military operation in the southern Gaza Strip. In the West Bank Israeli troops struck and seriously injured a Palestinian who tried to stab a soldier. The man's family said he later died of his wounds.
    (AP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, Jordan pleaded for international help to deal with hundreds of thousands of Iraqis who have fled here to avoid the violence at home, saying they cost the kingdom $1 billion a year in basic services.
    (AP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, A court in Nigeria sentenced Dieprieye Alamieyeseigha, former Bayelso state governor, to two years in jail on charges of corruption and money laundering and ordered him to forfeit millions in property and cash. Vice Admiral Ganiyu Adekeye, the new head of the navy, told a parliamentary commission about the suspected illegal bunkering on ships under naval guard and how the ex-officers allegedly dipped into the lucrative trade.
    (AP, 7/26/07)(AFP, 7/28/07)
2007        Jul 26, North Korea walked out of military talks with South Korea, ending 3 days of high-level negotiations with no agreement amid a lingering dispute over their shared sea border.
    (AP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, Pakistan said it successfully test-fired a cruise missile capable of delivering nuclear warheads deep into India.
    (AP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, In Somalia 2 separate explosions killed at least five civilians in Mogadishu, where the government is struggling to contain a lethal insurgency.
    (AP, 7/27/07)
2007        Jul 26, In northern Syria an explosion at an ordnance depot that was blamed on summer heat killed at least 15 soldiers and wounded 50 others.
    (AP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, Turkish police arrested Maksym Yastremskiy (24), a Ukrainian data-theft suspect. The US Secret Service had been investigating him since 2004. Losses to US individuals from identity theft thieves, online and offline, totaled $49 billion in 2006.
    (WSJ, 8/10/07, p.A6)
2007        Jul 26, UN arms experts reported that Eritrea has secretly supplied "huge quantities of arms" to a Somali insurgent group with alleged ties to al-Qaida in violation of an international arms embargo and despite the deployment of African peacekeepers.
    (AP, 7/26/07)
2007        Jul 26, A bull named Shambo was taken away from a Hindu monastery at Skanda Vale, Wales, ending a long and public battle between Hindus who revere bulls and authorities who said he must be killed because he had tested positive for tuberculosis.
    (AP, 7/28/07)
2007        Jul 26, Zimbabwe state media reported that nearly 5,000 store owners, managers and business executives have been arrested since the government began its campaign to slash prices last month.
    (AP, 7/26/07)

2008        Jul 26, In southern Afghanistan NATO-led soldiers killed four civilians after opening fire on a car that did not stop at a checkpoint.
    (AP, 7/26/08)
2008        Jul 26, US presidential hopeful Barack Obama met PM Gordon Brown in London, focusing on key foreign policy issues facing both countries, particularly Afghanistan and Iraq. Obama also met with Tory leader David Cameron and Middle East envoy Tony Blair.
    (AFP, 7/26/08)
2008        Jul 26, Brazil's Embraer (EMBR3.SA), the world's third-biggest commercial jet maker, said it would invest 148 million euros in two new plants in Portugal -- its first industrial units in Europe that will make wings and tailpieces for exports.
    (AP, 7/26/08)
2008        Jul 26, In southern Haiti at least 29 people were killed when a large truck carrying people and merchandise collided with three pickups east of Cavailon.
    (AP, 7/27/08)
2008        Jul 26, In western India at least 51 people were killed and 161 wounded when 19 bombs went off in several crowded neighborhoods of Ahmadabad, Gujarat state.
    (AP, 7/26/08)(Econ, 8/2/08, p.44)
2008        Jul 26, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said that Iran now has 6,000 centrifuges, a significant increase in the number of uranium-enriching machines in its nuclear program.
    (AP, 7/26/08)
2008        Jul 26, In Lebanon three more people were killed in the second day of sectarian clashes between Sunnis and Alawites in northern Lebanon, bringing the total to 9 with 42 wounded.
    (AP, 7/26/08)
2008        Jul 26, In Nigeria unidentified men in a speed boat seized eight foreign oil workers at gunpoint in the Niger delta. They were released later in the day.
    (AP, 7/26/08)
2008        Jul 26, In Pakistan 3 soldiers and at least 12 suspected insurgents were killed in fighting after the militants ambushed a convoy in the Dera Bugti district of Baluchistan province.
    (AP, 7/27/08)
2008        Jul 26, Hamas security arrested dozens of supporters of the rival Fatah group, hurled grenades at the home of a Fatah leader and set up checkpoints across Gaza following the previous day’s beachside blast that killed five Hamas members and a 6-year-old girl. Masked Hamas gunmen nabbed Sawah Abu Saif (42), a Palestinian cameraman for German TV, from his Gaza home, during a mass weekend roundup of alleged activists of the rival Fatah movement. He was tortured and released on July 31.
    (AP, 7/26/08)(AP, 7/31/08)
2008        Jul 26, South Korea’s government said days of torrential rains have led to the deaths of seven people and left six others missing.
    (AP, 7/26/08)
2008        Jul 26, In Spain Maria Remedios Garcia Albert (57) was arrested in San Lorenzo de el Escorial on suspicion of belonging to Colombia's FARC rebel group.
    (AP, 7/27/08)
2008        Jul 26, In northern Sri Lanka 12 Tamil Tiger rebels were killed by security forces in fresh clashes in the Wanni region.
    (AP, 7/28/08)
2008        Jul 26, Sudan’s army attacked a rebel police post in North Darfur, killing four troops, before conducting search operations in nearby villages according the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM). Sudan's army initially denied the report. On July 29 Khartoum said rebels of Minni Arcua Minnawi's Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) attacked a convoy on that road and the police responded, killing four of them and injuring two.
    (Reuters, 7/27/08)(Reuters, 7/29/08)

2009        July 26, Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin stepped down and was replaced by Lt. Gov. Sean Parnell.
    (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sean_Parnell)(SSFC, 11/16/14, p.A9)
2009        Jul 26, In New York a car crash in Briarcliff killed 8 people including 4 children. Diane Schuler (36) was drunk and high on marijuana when she went the wrong way on Taconic State Parkway and crashed into an SUV.
    (SFC, 7/27/09, p.A4)(SFC, 8/5/09, p.A5)
2009        Jul 26, Merce Cunningham (b.1919), avant-garde dancer and choreographer, died at his home in Manhattan.
    (SFC, 7/28/09, p.A7)
2009        Jul 26, It was reported that Marines in Helmand working alongside DEA-mentored Afghan police seized 297 tons of poppy seeds, 77 pounds (35 kilograms) of heroin and 300 pounds (135 kilograms) of opium in raids in mid-July. Some 1,200 pounds (550 kilograms) of hashish and 4,225 gallons (16,000 liters) of chemicals used to convert opium to heroin were also seized.
    (AP, 7/26/09)
2009        Jul 26, In northwestern Algeria members of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb killed two local security officers in an ambush in the Mascara region.
    (AFP, 7/28/09)
2009        Jul 26, In Chechnya a suicide bomber killed five people and wounded a number of others near a concert hall in the capital. four policemen died trying to prevent the bomber from entering the hall. 4 militants were found dead after an explosion in the Nazran district of Ingushetia province that borders Chechnya to the west.
    (AP, 7/26/09)
2009        Jul 26, In Macao, China, Fernando Chui (52), the sole candidate for chief executive in the former Portuguese colony, was endorsed by a 300-member panel in the first leadership change since Macao reverted to Chinese rule in 1999.
    (AP, 7/26/09)
2009        Jul 26, Egypt's prosecutor general officially charged 26 suspects, including two Lebanese and five Palestinians, for spying for the militant group Hezbollah, as well as plotting terrorist attacks and aiding militants in the Gaza strip. Some were accused of planning to attack ships on the Suez canal and tourists in Egypt.
    (Reuters, 7/26/09)(AP, 7/26/09)
2009        Jul 26, Guinea-Bissau voters went to the polls for a presidential runoff between two former heads of state. The West African country’s veteran leader was assassinated in March. On July 29 election officials announced that Malam Bacai Sanha was the new president. Sanha took 63.39% of the runoff vote, beating opponent Kumba Yala, who took 36.69%.
    (AFP, 7/26/09)(AP, 7/29/09)
2009        Jul 26, India launched the first nuclear-powered submarine built on its soil, asserting itself as a world power. It joined 5 other countries that can design and construct such vessels. The 367-foot (112-meter) -long submarine, named "Arihant" or "Destroyer of Enemies," was sent for sea trials at a ceremony attended by PM Manmohan Singh.
    (AP, 7/26/09)
2009        Jul 26, Human Rights Watch said Iranian authorities are spreading fear by arresting prominent human rights lawyers to prevent them from representing protesters detained in the aftermath of the country's disputed presidential election. An appeals court found Iran's Industry, Minister Ali Akbar Mehrabian, guilty of fraud, in a new embarrassment for President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Ahmadinejad's office announced the dismissal of Intelligence Minister Gholam Hossein Mohseni Ejehi. No reasons were given but the two had differed over top vice president Rahim Mashai.
    (AP, 7/27/09)(AP, 7/27/09)
2009        Jul 26, In Iraq 5 people were killed in a daylight attack at a popular money exchange office, a reflection of the increasing crime in Iraq even as violence is on the decline. 5 more people, including 3 police officers, were killed and 23 others wounded when a suicide bomber struck a Ramadi funeral for a police officer, who had been killed the day before in a roadside bomb attack.
    (AP, 7/26/09)(AP, 7/27/09)
2009        Jul 26, Hazem al-Braikan (36), a Kuwaiti businessman linked to Citigroup and charged in the United States with fraud, was found dead in his bed  in Kuwait City with a gunshot wound to the head and a handgun at his side. The US SEC charged al-Braikan last week with scheming to make millions by manipulating the stock of certain US companies.
    (AP, 7/26/09)
2009        Jul 26, Gaza's top judge said that he has ordered female lawyers to wear Muslim headscarves when they appear in court, the latest sign that the Islamic militant group is increasingly imposing its strict interpretation of Islamic law on residents of the coastal strip.
    (AP, 7/26/09)
2009        Jul 26, In northern Nigeria Islamist militants attacked a police station in Bauchi. Police killed over 50 militants and arrested more than 150 others. The fundamentalists, known as Boko Haram (education is prohibited) in the local Hausa language, clamored for the prohibition of western education in Bauchi and Yobe states. In 2010 Nigerian police said 32 of its men were murdered in the Bauchi attack.
    (AP, 7/26/09)(Reuters, 7/26/09)(Econ, 8/1/09, p.44)(AFP, 7/29/10)
2009        Jul 26, In Pakistan Moulana Sufi Mohammad, the radical Islamic cleric who brokered a peace deal with the Taliban in Swat, was arrested in the restive northwest. Sufi Mohammad is the father-in-law of Moulana Fazllulah, the leader of the Taliban in Swat and head of a banned Pakistani Islamist rebel group called Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi (TNSM).
    (AP, 7/26/09)
2009        Jul 26, Somali government troops took full control of Belet Weyne, the strategic western town where the national security minister was killed last month.
    (AFP, 7/26/09)
2009        Jul 26, In Tajikistan a small explosion hit the Tajik capital of Dushanbe. A 2nd small explosion followed the next day. There were no injuries. A high-profile meeting between the leaders of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Russia, was scheduled to start July 30 for talks on communications and transportation.
    (AP, 7/27/09)
2009        Jul 26, In Tanzania a bus crashed into a truck in Korogwe killing 33 people.
    (SSFC, 7/26/09, p.A2)

2010        Jul 26, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange promised that the release of some 91,000 secret US military documents on the Afghanistan war is just the beginning, adding that he still has thousands more Afghan files to post online. The files were mostly field reports and intelligence assessments from 2004-2009. Pakistan's most powerful spy agency on lashed out against a trove of leaked US intelligence reports that alleged close connections between it and Taliban militants fighting NATO troops in Afghanistan, calling the accusations malicious and unsubstantiated.
    (AP, 7/26/10)(Econ, 7/31/10, p.28)
2010        Jul 26, The US FCC announced that it had made the controversial practice of “jailbreaking” your iPhone, or any other cell phone, legal. Jailbreaking, the practice of unlocking a phone (and particularly an iPhone) so it can be used on another network and/or run other applications than those approved by Apple, has technically been illegal for years.
    (AP, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 26, In Michigan an oil pipeline, owned by Canada-based Enbridge Inc., leaked over 800,000 gallons into Talmadge Creek and flowed to the Kalamazoo River coating fish and birds in Battle Creek and Emmet Township. The US government estimated the leak at over 1 million gallons.  Enbridge later estimated cleanup costs at about $1.2 billion. In 2014 a settlement between the company and residents and landowners was said to be $6.25 million. On May 13, 2015, officials said Enbridge Energy and its affiliates will pay $75 million to settle the case.  
    (SFC, 7/28/10, p.A4)(SFC, 7/30/10, p.A7)(SFC, 12/25/14, p.A10)(Reuters, 5/13/15)
2010        Jul 26, The Plastiki sailboat, largely constructed from 12,500 recycled plastic bottles, docked in Sydney Harbor completing a 4-month journey across the Pacific Ocean meant to raise awareness about the perils of plastic waste.
    (AP, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 26, A special tribunal in Bangladesh issued arrest warrants against four senior leaders of the country's largest Islamic party ahead of a planned trial over alleged crimes against humanity during the nation's 1971 independence war.
    (AP, 7/26/10)
 2010        Jul 26, In Brazil gunmen used a pickup truck to block an air taxi from taking off at a small airport in the northeastern city of Caruaru and stole money and documents it was carrying for the country's federation of banks.
    (AP, 7/27/10)
2010        Jul 26, Campaign group Global Witness said it was launching legal action against the British government for allegedly failing to refer companies trading Congolese "conflict minerals" for UN sanctions.
    (AFP, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 26, The British culture department announced plans to abolish the UK Film Council, a body responsible for funding 900 British films since it was set up in 2000.
    (AFP, 7/27/10)
2010        Jul 26, In Cambodia a UN-backed court sentenced Kaing Guek Eav (67), a Khmer Rouge prison chief better known as Duch, to 30 years in jail for crimes against humanity over mass executions during Cambodia's "Killing Fields" era.
    (AFP, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 26, China’s Geely Holding Group received final government approval to acquire Volvo Cars from Ford Motor Co. in a $1.8 billion deal.
    (AP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 26, The EU adopted tighter sanctions on Iran over its disputed nuclear program, with steps to block oil and gas investment and curtail Tehran's refining and natural gas capability.
    (Reuters, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 26, France said it is upgrading its diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Territories to try to spur international efforts toward creating a Palestinian state.
    (AP, 7/2610)
2010        Jul 26, French Defense Minister Herve Morin visited Vietnam marking the first time a French defense minister traveled to the country since Vietnam's 1954 surprise defeat at Dien Bien Phu. The next day Vietnam’s state media reported that Morin has agreed to help Vietnam modernize its military.
    (AP, 7/27/10)
2010        Jul 26, In northeast India gunmen ambushed a jeep In Assam state, killing four paramilitary soldiers and wounding another three in an attack blamed on separatist rebels.
    (AP, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 26, In Iraq a suicide bomber driving a minibus blew himself up in front of the Baghdad office of a Saudi-funded television channel, killing 4 people. Twin car bombs killed 21 people in the Shiite city of Karbala, while four people died in a suicide attack on a Saudi-funded television channel in Baghdad.
    (AP, 7/26/10)(AFP, 7/27/10)
2010        Jul 26, In Mexico six men were found inside a car in the southwestern city of Chilpancingo, Guerrero state. Next to them lay a message reading: "This will happen to all rapists, extortionists and kidnappers. Attentively, the New Cartel of the Sierra." The bodies of four men were found dumped in a plaza in Nuevo Laredo. In Cuernavaca state investigators found the burned bodies of three men near a major highway. The victims had been bound before being burned. Painted on a nearby wall were the letters "CPS," an apparent reference to the Southern Pacific drug cartel. 4 journalists disappeared in the Laguna region, which includes Durango and areas of the neighboring state of Coahuila. A Milenio newspaper and TV network cameramen and three other journalists were abducted after covering a prison scandal in the northern state of Durango in which inmates are accused of being hired guns for a local cartel. The 4 were soon freed and 3 men working for the Sinaloa drug cartel were detained for participating in the kidnapping.
    (AP, 7/26/10)(AP, 7/27/10)(Reuters, 7/29/10)(AP, 8/5/10)
2010        Jul 26, In Nicaragua William Adolfo Cortez of Texas and his wife Jane, an American couple wanted in Panama in the March 21 death of a US woman, were arrested by the Nicaraguan army at the border with Costa Rica.
    (AP, 7/28/10)
2010        Jul 26, Nigeria's drug enforcement agency seized nearly half a ton of cocaine and arrested two Chinese nationals and a Nigerian in connection with the seizure. The shipment originated from Chile and passed through Peru, Bolivia and Antwerp in Belgium before being shipped to Nigeria.
    (AP, 7/27/10)
2010        Jul 26, In Pakistan a Taliban suicide bomber struck near the home of a provincial minister whose only son was recently killed by the militants. Mian Iftikhar Hussain, information minister of Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa province and an outspoken critic of the Taliban, was the apparent target. 7 people were killed and 25 wounded.
    (AP, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 26, In central Romania an Israeli helicopter crashed with no survivors among the six Israeli and one Romanian soldiers on board.
    (AP, 7/27/10)
2010        Jul 26, The island nation of Seychelles said it has prosecuted and convicted Somali pirates for the first time. A Seychelles court sentenced 11 Somali pirates to 10 years in prison each for their attempt to hijack the Seychelles coast guard patrol boat Topaz last December.
    (AP, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 26, In Somalia African Union forces propping up government troops launched an offensive against Islamist rebels in Mogadishu, killing at least 11 people, mainly fighters.
    (AFP, 7/26/10)
2010        Jul 26, In Sudan a helicopter, which was assigned to the UN-AU force, disappeared while transporting three members of the rebel Liberation Justice Movement from peace negotiations with the government in Doha, Qatar, to locations in South Darfur. The Russian-owned helicopter, which landed in the wrong place in Darfur, was recovered the next day with all the passengers and crew except the Russian pilot. Pilot Yevgeny Mostovshchikov was returned to his UN peacekeepers' base on July 29.
    (AP, 7/27/10)(AFP, 7/29/10)
2010        Jul 26, In north Yemen Shiite rebels took control of a strategic army post and captured some 70 soldiers, in the latest clash to endanger an increasingly fragile truce.
    (AFP, 7/26/10)

2011        Jul 26, Oregon Rep. David Wu (56) said he would resign his Democratic seat in the US Congress following allegations of sexual misconduct with a teenage girl.
    (SFC, 7/25/11, p.A7)
2011        Jul 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai outlined conditions governing negotiations for a future strategic partnership with the United States as he met defense chiefs at his palace.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Algeria a suicide bomber blew himself up to avoid arrest in the eastern town of Bouhamza, causing no other casualties.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 26, Australia authorities said a lethal bat-borne horse virus has been detected in a dog for the first time, prompting fears it has jumped species.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, Australian painter Margaret Olley (88), one of Australia's most important and respected artists, was found dead at her Sydney home. She was best known for her colorful still life paintings.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In China hundreds of people rioted in the southwest after security forces reportedly beat a disabled street vendor to death in Guizhou province's Anshun city.
    (AFP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 26, China’s Jiaolong undersea craft, named after a mythical sea dragon, reached 5,057 meters (16,591 feet) below sea level in a test dive in the northeastern Pacific. In 1960 the US Navy reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest point in the world's oceans at 11,000 meters.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Haiti a sailboat that sank off the country's northern coast killing at least 12 people. Police rescued at least 19 people, but 21 passengers remained missing.
    (AP, 7/29/11)
2011        Jul 26, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu unveiled a series of reforms to address a massive housing crisis which has sparked the biggest social protests seen in the Jewish state since the 1970s. He said some 50,000 homes would be built and put on the market in the next 18 months, and pledged to build 10,000 dormitory places for university and college students, who would also benefit from subsidized public transport.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, Kosovo's special police forces, that moved into the country's disputed north overnight to extend the government's writ at borders with Serbia, will withdraw as part of a deal between Kosovo and Serbia and mediated by NATO.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In south Lebanon a roadside bomb blew up next to a United Nations convoy carrying French peacekeepers, wounding at least five of them in the second attack on the UN force in two months.
    (AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Malawi more than 250 people appeared in courts to face charges over violent anti-government demonstrations last week.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Mexico the body of Yolanda Ordaz de la Cruz, a police beat reporter, was found in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz, the second reporter from the same newspaper slain in a month. She had been missing since July 24. Shepherds came across two decomposing bodies near a dirt road in the town of Juarez and alerted police. Another 16 bodies were buried underneath.
    (AP, 7/26/11)(AP, 7/27/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Morocco a C-130 military transport plane crashed into a mountain in Western Sahara in bad weather, killing 78 people. There were three survivors.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, Nigeria's central bank jacked up its main interest rate by 0.75 points to 8.75 percent, the fourth increase in six months in a move aimed at putting a lid on inflation.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, In Norway the defense lawyer for Anders Behring Breivik says the terror suspect claims he is part of an organization with several cells in Western countries and his attacks in Norway were necessary because he's in a state of war.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, Gaza's Hamas government executed two Palestinians convicted of spying for Israel.
    (AP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, The UN refugees agency said some 40,000 famine-hit people have fled to the Somali capital Mogadishu over the past month in search of food and water. An estimated 3.7 million people in Somalia, around a third of the population, are on the brink of starvation and millions more in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda have been affected by the worst drought in the region in 60 years.
    (AFP, 7/26/11)
2011        Jul 26, Syria’s Cabinet endorsed draft legislation that would enable newly formed political parties to run for parliament and local councils.
    (AP, 7/27/11)

2012        Jul 26, The US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) announced that 90 people had been arrested after a nationwide bust. Agents also seized some 5 million packets of synthetic drugs and supplies to make 14 million more.
    (Econ, 8/4/12, p.30)
2012        Jul 26, NYC councilman Larry Seabrook was convicted on 9 of 12 counts in a corruption case accusing him of putting hundreds of thousands of dollars meant for community projects in the pockets of his girlfriend and family.
    (SFC, 7/27/12, p.A10)
2012        Jul 26, NYC authorities announced enterprise criminal charges against 33 people involved in a lucrative motorcycle theft and smuggling ring.
    (SFC, 7/27/12, p.A13)
2012        Jul 26, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, who is under pressure from the international community to do more to battle corruption, issued an ambitious list of government reforms that orders his ministries, prosecutors and judiciary to fight bribery, nepotism and cronyism. A bomb in the south killed 2 NATO service members.
    (AP, 7/27/12)(SFC, 7/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 26, The Murdoch media empire unexpectedly jettisoned the News of the World after a public backlash over the illegal guerrilla tactics it used to expose the rich, the famous and the royal and remain Britain's best-selling Sunday newspaper. James Murdoch, son of the media magnate, said: "This Sunday will be the last issue of the News of the World."
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, China’s state news agency said Gu Kailai, the wife of Bo Xilai, the former political leader whose downfall sent shockwaves through China, has been charged with murdering British businessman    Neil Heywood last November. Zhang Xiaojun, previously described as an orderly who worked for the high-flying couple, will also be prosecuted on the same charge.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, Cuban President Raul Castro said that his government is willing to mend fences with bitter Cold War foe the United States and sit down to discuss anything, as long as it is a conversation between equals.
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, In southern Ethiopia ethnic clashes erupted between the Borana and Garri tribes over a land dispute and left 18 dead and scores displaced.
    (AFP, 7/30/12)
2012        Jul 26, Indian authorities rushed more troops to northeastern Assam state to quell ethnic violence that has left 42 people dead and 13 others missing.
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, In India about 100 disabled children took part in the "Bhopal Special Olympics" at a muddy sports ground in the shadow of the Union Carbide factory responsible for the 1984 world's worst industrial accident.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, In Iraq militants downed an army helicopter killing one soldier. Overnight gun battles around the town of Hadid killed at least 19 people including 11 policemen, in what appeared to be part of an al-Qaida surge to retake one of its former strongholds.
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, Mauritania and the European Union signed a new fishing accord after months of heated debate to agree on the EU's exact financial contribution.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, Mexico’s human rights commission reported that there have been 126 attacks on journalists since year 2000 and that 82 have been killed and 16 gone missing.
    (SFC, 7/27/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 26, In southern Nigeria suspected sea pirates attacked a speed boat transporting workers for Italian firm Agip, leaving at least one person dead.
    (AFP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 26, In northwestern Pakistan a truck packed with explosives blew up in a crowded market, killing 11 people in the Bajur tribal area. Security concerns led officials to temporarily close the Torkham crossing in the northwest Khyber tribal area, a supply route to NATO troops in Afghanistan.
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, In the Philippines a clash with al-Qaeda linked Muslim militants left 10 soldiers and 9 rebels dead on Basilan Island.
    (SFC, 7/28/12, p.A2)
2012        Jul 26, A South African court convicted "Boeremag" kingpin Mike du Toit of high treason in a white supremacist plot to kill Nelson Mandela and drive blacks out of the country in a trial that has spanned nearly a decade. The next day his brother, former policeman Andre du Toit, received the same verdict in a Pretoria court. The men were said to be behind nine bomb blasts that shook the Johannesburg township of Soweto on October 30, 2002.
    (AFP, 7/27/12)
2012        Jul 26, Syrian troops prepared to launch an all-out offensive on rebel-held districts across Aleppo, as pro-regime media warned of a looming "mother of all battles." Jordanian authorities reported that the Syrian army shot dead a six-year-old Syrian boy while firing at his parents and a dozen other refugees as they tried to cross the border fence. Ikhlas Badawi, a female lawmaker from Aleppo, defected to Turkey.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)(AFP, 7/27/12)(AP, 7/29/12)
2012        Jul 26, Tunisian police fired warning shots and tear gas to disperse protesters who attacked provincial government headquarters in Sidi Bouzid, the town where the country's revolution was born.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, In Ukraine a bare-breasted feminist activist bearing a threatening message on her body tried to attack the Russian Orthodox Church's leader Patriarch Kirill at Kiev's airport, to protest alleged anti-Ukrainian policies by the church and the Kremlin. Femen identified the woman as Yana Zhdanova.
    (AP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, The UN's food agency said 10 Central African countries have agreed to take part in a regional initiative to monitor the Congo Basin, one of the world's largest primary rainforests. They included Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)
2012        Jul 26, The UN Security Council renewed the mandate of its peacekeeping force in the Ivory Coast but reduced its size despite persistent ethnic violence in the west of the country.
    (AFP, 7/26/12)

2013        Jul 26, The Obama administration said it plans to repatriate two inmates to Algeria from the detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (Reuters, 7/26/13)
2013        Jul 26, US songwriter JJ Cale (74) died of a heart attack in la Jolla, San Diego County. His songs included “After Midnight,” “Cocaine” and “Call Me the Breeze.”
    (SSFC, 7/28/13, p.A10)
2013        Jul 26, In Afghanistan a suicide bomber on a motorcycle loaded with explosives killed local police commander Dawlat Khan, 3 of his men, and 3 civilians in a bazaar in Qarabagh district, Ghazni province.
    (AP, 7/27/13)
2013        Jul 26, In Canada a truck carrying 9,250 gallons of jet fuel crashed into a creek in the Kootenay region of British Columbia. The truck was enroute to supply helicopters battling wildfires in the Perry Ridge area.
    (SSFC, 7/28/13, p.A2)
2013        Jul 26, Egyptian prosecutors accused ousted President Mohammed Morsi of conspiring with the Palestinian militant group Hamas and murder in his 2011 escape from prison that left 14 guards dead. Tens of thousands of supporters and many less opponents of the Islamist leader massed for rival rallies. In Alexandria 7 people were killed and over 100 were injured in clashes between supporters and opponents of Morsi.
    (AP, 7/26/13)
2013        Jul 26, Interpol rejected a second request from Moscow to put British investment fund head William Browder on its search list, dealing a fresh blow to Russia's drive to jail the man behind a campaign to expose corruption and rights violations.
    (Reuters, 7/26/13)
2013        Jul 26, Israel blocked the EU from aiding tens of thousands of Palestinians in the West Bank, in retaliation for an EU ban on financial assistance to Israeli organizations in the occupied territories.
    (Reuters, 7/26/13)
2013        Jul 26, Italian police said a mafia clan in Calabria staged hundreds of fake car crashes every year to get millions of euros in insurance payouts to buy drugs and weapons.
    (AP, 7/26/13)
2013        Jul 26, Italy's coastguard helped rescue 22 migrants and coordinated a search for missing people after receiving a distress call from a boat that ran into difficulties off the coast of Libya. 31 people were reported still missing on July 28.
    (Reuters, 7/26/13)(Reuters, 7/28/13)
2013        Jul 26, Japan's hawkish new government released a defense paper calling for an increase in the country's military capabilities and a more assertive role in regional security due to increased threats from China and North Korea.
    (AP, 7/26/13)
2013        Jul 26, In Libya Abdelsalam al-Mosmary, a prominent critic of the Muslim Brotherhood, was shot dead after leaving a mosque in Benghazi. Two military officials were also killed in Benghazi.
    (Reuters, 7/27/13)
2013        Jul 26, In Pakistan a pair of bombings killed at least 57 people with as many as 167 people wounded in apparent sectarian attacks in the town of Parachinar, in the Kurram tribal area. Almost all the dead and wounded were Shiites.
    (AP, 7/27/13)
2013        Jul 26, In the Philippines a powerful blast ripped through a crowded nightclub in Cagayan de Oro City, killing 6 people and wounding dozens.
    (Reuters, 7/26/13)
2013        Jul 26, Rwanda said the UN has pledged $400 million over five years to help it reduce poverty, hunger and disease.
    (Reuters, 7/26/13)
2013        Jul 26, In Rwanda two people were killed and two others seriously wounded following a grenade attack in Kigali.
    (AP, 7/27/13)
2013        Jul 26, Spanish police detained Francisco Jose Garzon Amo (52), the driver of a train that crashed in northwestern Spain, lowered the death toll from 80 to 78 and took possession of the "black box" of the train expected to shed light on why it was going faster than the speed limit on the curve where it derailed. The train was later reported to have traveling at 121-mph, far above the 50-mph speed limit on the curve where it crashed.
    (AP, 7/26/13)(SFC, 7/27/13, p.A5)
2013        Jul 26, Syrian government troops gained ground in clashes in two rebel-held neighborhoods in the central city of Homs, edging closer to a historic mosque and closing in on opposition fighters in the area.
    (AP, 7/26/13)
2013        Jul 26, Syrian rebel leaders met with the UN Security Council for the first time to discuss the country's two-year war and appealed to Russia to stop its powerful political and military support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's government.
    (Reuters, 7/26/13)
2013        Jul 26, The United Nations' human rights office launched its first global outreach campaign to promote tolerance and greater equality for lesbians, gays, transgender people and bisexuals.
    (AP, 7/26/13)

2014        Jul 26, The United States evacuated its Libyan embassy staff under air cover as they faced a "real risk" from fierce fighting around Tripoli airport.
    (AFP, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, A US federal judge ruled that a ban on citizens carrying handguns in public in the US capital Washington DC is unconstitutional.
    (AFP, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, The New York Times called for the legalization of marijuana, in a bold editorial comparing the federal ban on cannabis to Prohibition.
    (AFP, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, US fast food workers from across the country voted to escalate their efforts for $15-an-hour pay and union membership by using nonviolent civil disobedience.
    (AP, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, In southern Afghanistan a bomb blast killed 4 civilians in Helmand province. In Kandahar province Taliban attacks on some 15 checkpoints killed 6 police officers. Attacks across the country left at least 15 people dead.
    (AP, 7/26/14)(SSFC, 7/27/14, p.A5)
2014        Jul 26, A researcher in Bolivia said construction workers have stumbled upon a mass grave in the "El Minero" district of Potosi, with the remains of hundreds of likely indigenous miners during the Spanish colonial era.
    (AFP, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, In Cameroon Boko Haram, Nigeria's Islamist militant group, carried out two cross-border attacks overnight, killing at least 4 soldiers at the village of Bargaram and prompting the Cameroonian army to send reinforcements to the area.
    (Reuters, 7/26/14)
 2014        Jul 26, Egyptian soldiers killed 12 suspected militants and arrested 11 others in the northern Sinai. An insurgent-fired rocket struck a house in the town of Sheikh Zuwayed, killing 3 civilians and wounding nine. Egypt's chief prosecutor charged 20 suspected militants of Ajnad Misr (Soldiers of Egypt) with carrying terrorist attacks that killed seven people and wounded more than 100. 26 suspected militants were killed in northern Sinai over the last two days.
    (AP, 7/26/14)(SSFC, 7/27/14, p.A5)
2014        Jul 26, In Egypt 4 children were killed and five other people were injured when a rocket landed near their homes in Rafah, near the Sinai border with Gaza. Security sources said the rocket was likely fired by Islamist militants operating in the Sinai peninsula.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 26, In France Pro-Palestinian protesters clashed with police in central Paris when thousands of marchers defied a ban by French authorities to rally against Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip.
    (Reuters, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, Hungary’s PM Viktor Orban said that the 2008 financial crisis showed that liberal democracies would likely no longer remain competitive and pointed to Singapore, China and Russia as successful role models.
    (AP, 7/29/14)
2014        Jul 26, In Iraq several members of Daash (the Arabic acronym for the Islamic State) were killed in a battle just north of Muqdadiyah.
    (AFP, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 26, Israeli troops shot dead 2 Palestinian teenagers in continuing West Bank protests over Israel's Gaza military campaign.
    (AFP, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, Dr. Samuel Brisbane, a top Liberian health official, died. He had fallen ill while treating Ebola patients at the country's largest hospital, the John F. Kennedy Memorial Medical Center in Monrovia.
    (AP, 7/28/14)
2014        Jul 26, In Libya 23 people, all Egyptian workers, were killed in the capital Tripoli when a rocket hit their home during clashes between rival militias battling over the city's main airport.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 26, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip poured into the streets on to recover their dead and stock up on food supplies after a 12-hour humanitarian truce agreed by Israel and Hamas took hold on the 19th day of their conflict. Hospital officials said 85 bodies have been found after the guns fell silent at 8 a.m.
    (Reuters, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, In Sierra Leone a patient with Ebola, whose family sparked a nationwide hunt when they forcefully removed her from a treatment center and took her to a traditional healer, died in an ambulance on the way to hospital following a struggle with police.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 26, In northern Syria a car bomb exploded in Azaz town near the Turkish border, killing and wounding a number of people. The Syrian army recaptured the Shaar (Shaer) gas field east of Homs that was seized by hardline Islamic State fighters earlier this month. The Islamic State said the fighters pulled out after destroying the field's equipment and capturing at least 15 tanks and dozens of rockets which were used to guard the field.
    (AP, 7/26/14)(Reuters, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 26, In Tunisia at least 2 soldiers were killed when Islamist militants attacked a checkpoint in a remote area of Kef region near the Algerian border.
    (Reuters, 7/27/14)
2014        Jul 26, A Turkish court ordered the formal arrest of 12 more police officers, including the former head of Istanbul's intelligence unit, pending charges they may have illegally wiretapped PM Tayyip Erdogan.
    (Reuters, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko said his country was not fighting a civil war in its east but was fighting "foreign mercenaries." Rebels in Luhansk said at least 19 civilians had been killed in fighting overnight and local officials said 60 percent of the city was left with no electricity after power lines were damaged. Local authorities said they have uncovered the first mass grave in the former separatist bastion of Slavyansk in eastern Ukraine, containing the bodies of at least 4 civilians they say were executed by pro-Russian rebels.
    (Reuters, 7/26/14)(AFP, 7/26/14)
2014        Jul 26, In Ukraine Oleg Babayev, mayor of the central-eastern city of Kremenchuk, was shot dead by alleged separatists not far from his home. The house of Andry Sadovy, mayor of the western city of Lviv, was hit by a rocket fired late today.
    (AFP, 7/26/14)

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